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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The “Footprint” under a Decaying Tropical Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 10 February 1993, during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment, the two NOAA WP-3Ds and the NCAR Electra flew under the anvil region of a decaying mesoscale convective system (MCS). Satellite and ...

Mark F. Geldmeier; Gary M. Barnes

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Effects of Downdrafts and Mesoscale Convective Organization on the Heat and Moisture Budgets of Tropical Cloud Clusters. Part III: Effects of Mesoscale Convective Organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of mesoscale convective organization on the large-scale heat and moisture budgets of tropical cloud clusters are studied using the GATE Phase III data. Two basic questions concerning the mesoscale effects are addressed: 1) the ...

Ming-Dean Cheng; Michio Yanai

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Coupling between Gravity Waves and Tropical Convection at Mesoscales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized cloud-system-resolving model simulation is used to examine the coupling between a tropical cloud population and the mesoscale gravity waves that it generates. Spectral analyses of the cloud and gravity wave fields identify a clear ...

Todd P. Lane; Fuqing Zhang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Composite Life Cycle of Maritime Tropical Mesoscale Convective Systems in Scatterometer and Microwave Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines scatterometer-observed surface wind divergence and vorticity, along with precipitable water (PW), across the life cycle of tropical maritime mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) as resolved in 0.5° data. Simple composites were ...

Brian Mapes; Ralph Milliff; Jan Morzel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Passive Microwave Observations of the Stratiform Regions of Two Tropical Oceanic Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution passive microwave observations within the stratiform regions of two different tropical oceanic mesoscale convective systems are investigated in detail. The observations were obtained from the Advanced Microwave Precipitation ...

Gary McGaughey; Edward J. Zipser

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Numerical Simulation of a Tropical Mesoscale Convective System Using the Arakawa-Schubert Cumulus Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As an extension of the work presented in an accompanying paper of Kao and Ogura, the Arakawa-Schubert cumulus parameterization scheme is examined prognostically in a modeling study of the evolution of a convectively driven tropical mesoscale ...

Yoshi Ogura; Chih-Yue Jim Kao

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Thermodynamic and Circulation Characteristics, of Winter Monsoon Tropical Mesoscale Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the December 1978 field phase of the International Winter Monsoon Experiment (Winter MONEX), a regular diurnal cycle of deep convective activity occurred over the South China Sea immediately to the north of Borneo. The convection was ...

Richad H. Johnson; Donald C. Kriete

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The Role of Cloud Microphysics Parameterization in the Simulation of Mesoscale Convective System Clouds and Precipitation in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a detailed analysis of convection-permitting cloud simulations, aimed at increasing the understanding of the role of parameterized cloud microphysics in the simulation of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) in the tropical ...

K. Van Weverberg; A. M. Vogelmann; W. Lin; E. P. Luke; A. Cialella; P. Minnis; M. Khaiyer; E. R. Boer; M. P. Jensen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Effects of Downdrafts and Mesoscale Convective Organization on the Heat and Moisture Budgets of Tropical Cloud Clusters. Part I: A Diagnostic Cumulus Ensemble Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic cumulus ensemble model is developed to study the effects of convective-scale downdrafts and mesoscale convective organization on the heat and moisture budgets of tropical cloud clusters. The model adopts the spectral representation ...

Ming-Dean Cheng

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The Tilt of the Leading Edge of Mesoscale Tropical Convective Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tilt with height of the leading edge of seven mesoscale convective lines in GATE is determined by two independent methods. When averaged over time and along the line axis, the tilt is found to he surprisingly shallow, between 20 and 35 ...

M. A. LeMone; G. M. Barnes; E. J. Szoke; E. J. Zipser

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Three Examples of Fair-Weather Mesoscale Boundary-Layer Convection in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence indicates that fair-weather to towering cumulus clouds over the East Atlantic Ocean during GATE were frequently organized into mesoscale structures. Three examples of such structures are examined, using gust-probe aircraft data collected ...

Margaret A. LeMone; Rebecca J. Meitin

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Mesoscale Convective Complexes in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digitized full-disk infrared satellite imagery from the European geostationary satellite (Meteosat) for 1986 and 1987 was used to construct a climatology of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) in Africa One hundred ninety-five systems formed ...

Arlene G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Diabatic Divergence Profiles in Western Pacific Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating in the atmosphere can be expressed as diabatic divergence ?d, which is nearly equal to the actual horizontal divergence ? in tropical convection. High-quality ? profile measurements from airborne Doppler radar “purls” in ten mesoscale ...

Brian E. Mapes; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Inclusion of Mesoscale Updrafts and Downdrafts in Computations of Vertical Fluxes by Ensembles of Tropical Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensembles of convective clouds, especially in the tropics, often have widespread precipitating anvils associated with their deeper convective clouds. Mesoscale downdrafts occur below the middle-level bases of the anvils, and mesoscale updrafts ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.; Chee-Pong Cheng

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Mesoscale Convective Systems Defined by Their 85-GHz Ice Scattering Signature: Size and Intensity Comparison over Tropical Oceans and Continents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used the 85-GHz ice scattering signature to describe the size, intensity, and geographic distribution of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) between 35°N and 35°S for January, April, July, and October 1993. An MCS was defined as an ...

Karen I. Mohr; Edward J. Zipser

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Sensitivity of Convective Cloud Growth to Mesoscale Lifting: A Numerical Analysis of Mesoscale Convective Triggering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical model simulation of mesoscale lifting of the convective environment indicates that the ability of the environment to develop deep moist convection increases as mesoscale lifting increases. Mesoscale lifting produces increases in modeled ...

David A. Matthews; Bernard A. Silverman

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Organizational Modes of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses common modes of mesoscale convective organization. Using 2-km national composite reflectivity data, the authors investigated linear mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that occurred in the central United States during May ...

Matthew D. Parker; Richard H. Johnson

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

A Composite Model of Mesoscale Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A composite analysis technique is used to investigate the evolution of mesoscale features of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs). The early stage of the MCC lifecycle is characterized by convergence, vertical motion and heating being centered ...

William R. Cotton; Ming-Sen Lin; Ray L. McAnelly; Craig J. Tremback

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Inertial Instability and Mesoscale Convective Systems. part II. Symmetric CISK in a Baroclinic Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous budget studies of organized persistent systems of convective clouds outside the tropics suggest that circulations of mesoscale proportions are important in supplying moisture to the convective clouds, though the dynamical nature of ...

Kerry A. Emanuel

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Effects of Downdrafts and Mesoscale Convective Organization on the Heat and Moisture Budgets of Tropical Cloud Clusters. Part II: Effects of Convective-Scale Downdrafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diagnostic cumulus ensemble model presented in Part I of this paper is applied to the data taken during Phase III of the GARP Tropical Atlantic Experiment (GATE) to examine the effects of convective-scale downdrafts on the large-scale heat ...

Ming-Dean Cheng

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Diagnosis of Convective and Mesoscale Motions During Phase IH of Gate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational evidence from GATE suggests that a significant fraction of precipitation in tropical disturbances over the eastern Atlantic occurs beneath anvil-type mesoscale convective systems that are frequently associated with intense ...

Richard H. Johnson

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Mesoscale Convective Systems over Western Equatorial Africa and Their Relationship to Large-Scale Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over western equatorial Africa using data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite. This region experiences some of the world’s most intense thunderstorms and highest ...

Brian Jackson; Sharon E. Nicholson; Douglas Klotter

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Global Variability of Mesoscale Convective System Anvil Structure from A-Train Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) in the tropics produce extensive anvil clouds, which significantly affect the transfer of radiation. This study develops an objective method to identify MCSs and their anvils by combining data from three A-...

Jian Yuan; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Numerical Study of a Mesoscale Convective System during TOGA COARE. Part II: Organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I, the authors presented a successful numerical simulation of the life cycle of a warm-pool mesoscale convective system (MCS) that occurred on 15 December 1992 during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response ...

Badrinath Nagarajan; M. K. Yau; Da-Lin Zhang

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The Kinematics of a Midlatitude, Continental Mesoscale Convective System and Its Mesoscale Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a unique, scale-discriminating study of the environment-relative circulations within a mesoscale convective system (MCS) and mesoscale convective vortex (MCV). The MCS, a leading convective line and trailing stratiform region ...

Jason C. Knievel; Richard H. Johnson

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Idealized Mesoscale Convective System Structure and Propagation Using Convective Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development and propagation of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) was examined within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model using the Kain–Fritsch (KF) cumulus parameterization scheme and a modified version of this scheme. ...

James Correia Jr.; Raymond W. Arritt; Christopher J. Anderson

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

A Composite Life Cycle of Nonsquall Mesoscale Convective Systems over the Tropical Ocean. Part I: Kinematic Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind fields associated with cloud clusters observed during the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) are investigated. A compositing procedure is devised to isolate the cluster circulations. Satellite-...

Edward I. Tollerud; Steven K. Esbensen

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

A Composite Life Cycle of Nonsquall Mesoscale Convective Systems over the Tropical Ocean. Part II: Heat and Moisture Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heat and moisture budgets associated with five large nonsquall cloud clusters observed during Phase 3 of the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) are investigated. The input data for the budget ...

Steven K. Esbensen; Jough-Tai Wang; Edward I. Tollerud

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Baroclinic Transition of a Long-Lived Mesoscale Convective Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The period 5–15 June 2003, during the field phase of the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex (MCV) Experiment (BAMEX), was noteworthy for the wide variety of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that occurred. Of particular interest was a ...

Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart; Christopher A. Davis; Ron McTaggart-Cowan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Balanced Dynamics of Mesoscale Vortices Produced in Simulated Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-lived, mesoscale convective systems are known to occasionally produce mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) in the lower to middle troposphere with horizontal scales averaging 100–200 km. The formation of MCVs is investigated using fully ...

Christopher A. Davis; Morris L. Weisman

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Thermodynamic Properties of Mesoscale Convective Systems Observed during BAMEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dropsonde observations from the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex Experiment (BAMEX) are used to document the spatiotemporal variability of temperature, moisture, and wind within mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). Onion-type sounding ...

James Correia Jr.; Raymond W. Arritt

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity in Mesoscale Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of cloud-to-ground lightning activity attending an important subclass of mesoscale convective weather systems called the mesoscale convective complex shows that groun discharge flash rates in excess of 1000 h?1 can be sustained on average ...

S. J. Goodman; D. R. MacGorman

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Nonlinear Effects on Convectively Forced Two-Dimensional Mesoscale Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the important problems in mesoscale atmospheric dynamics is how the atmosphere responds to convective heating or cooling. Here, the authors examine nonlinear effects on convectively forced mesoscale flows in the context of the nonlinear ...

Ji-Young Han; Jong-Jin Baik

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Walker-Type Mean Circulations and Convectively Coupled Tropical Waves as an Interacting System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interactions between convectively coupled tropical waves and Walker-type mean circulations are examined using a two-dimensional analytic model wherein drying and cooling of the boundary layer by convective and mesoscale downdrafts are in ...

Jun-Ichi Yano; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Wojciech W. Grabowski

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Cloud-Resolving Simulations of Mesoscale Vortex Intensification and Its Effect on a Serial Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors performed numerical simulations of the 27–28 May 1998 mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) and mesoscale convective system (MCS) to understand how the MCV modulated the convection, and how the convection intensified the vortex. The fifth-...

Christopher A. Davis; Stanley B. Trier

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A Numerical Study of a Mesoscale Convective System during TOGA COARE. Part I: Model Description and Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 16-h numerical simulation of the growing and mature stages of the 15 December 1992 Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) mesoscale convective system (MCS) is performed to demonstrate the ...

Badrinath Nagarajan; M. K. Yau; Da-Lin Zhang

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Mesoscale Convective Vortices Observed during BAMEX. Part II: Influences on Secondary Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex (MCV) Experiment are used to examine the role of the five mesoscale convective vortices described in Part I on heavy precipitation during the daytime heating cycle. Persistent ...

Stanley B. Trier; Christopher A. Davis

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Convection-Allowing and Convection-Parameterizing Ensemble Forecasts of a Mesoscale Convective Vortex and Associated Severe Weather Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of a regional severe weather outbreak that was related to a mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) is performed. The MCV-spawning mesoscale convection system (MCS) formed in northwest Kansas along the southern periphery of a large cutoff ...

Adam J. Clark; William A. Gallus Jr.; Ming Xue; Fanyou Kong

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Mesoscale Convective Complexes over the United States during 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important class of convective weather system, the mesoscale convective complex (MCC), presents many challenges and problems to both the research and operational communities. In addition, thew very large and long-lived thunderstorm systems have ...

D. M. Rodgers; K. W. Howard; E. C. Johnston

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Mesoscale Convective Complexes over the United States during 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhanced infrared satellite imagery is used to document the occurrence of mesoscale convective complexes over the United States during 1983. Thirty large convective systems are identified that display satellite-observable characteristics which ...

D. M. Rodgers; M. J. Magnano; J. H. Arns

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Structures and Dynamics of Quasi-2D Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, three distinct archetypes for midlatitude linear mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) have been identified. This article focuses on the fundamentals of two of these archetypes: convective lines with trailing stratiform (TS) precipitation ...

Matthew D. Parker; Richard H. Johnson

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A Theory for Long-Lived Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is proposed that certain long-lived mesoscale convective systems maintain themselves through an interaction between quasi-balanced vertical motions and the diabatic effects of moist convection. Latent heat release, evaporation and melting of ...

D. J. Raymond; H. Jiang

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Aircraft Investigation of Mesoscale Cellular Convection During AMTEX 75  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1 s data set collected by the NCAR Electra research aircraft in the presence of closed mesoscale cellular convection (MCC) has been examined for the purpose of determining the convective wind field and horizontal profiles of temperature and ...

Jeffry Rothermel; Ernest M. Agee

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Mesoscale Convective Complexes in the Western Pacific Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A climatological study of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) during 1983–1985 over the western Pacific region (WPR), using full-disc, enhanced infrared satellite imagery from the Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Satellite is presented.

David Miller; J. M. Fritsch

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Mesoscale Convective Complexes over the Indian Monsoon Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Full disk infrared satellite imagery from the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) geostationary meteorological satellite was examined to determine if mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) frequent the Indian subcontinent (ISC) region. Using ...

Arlenf G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Precipitation Efficiency of Warm-Season Midwestern Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The precipitation efficiencies for mesoscale convective systems (MCS) over the central United States are calculated. During July–September 2000 and June–September 2001, 24 MCS for which sufficient data were available occurred over or near ...

Patrick Market; Stacy Allen; Roderick Scofield; Robert Kuligowski; Arnold Gruber

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Observational Analysis of the Predictability of Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) have a large influence on the weather over the central United States during the warm season by generating essential rainfall and severe weather. To gain insight into the predictability of these systems, the ...

Israel L. Jirak; William R. Cotton

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

An Observational Analysis of a Developing Mesoscale Convective Complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler radar, surface mesonet, satellite, and upper-air sounding data from the 1985 Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-Central field experiment are used to analyze the early growth stages of a mesoscale convective complex (MCC) that ...

Jason E. Nachamkin; Ray L. McAnelly; William R. Cotton

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have examined the characteristics of positive cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in Mesoscale Convective Systems observed during the Oklahoma-Kansas PRE-STORM project in 1985. Lightning frequencies and patterns of ground strike locations are ...

Steven A. Rutledge; Chungu Lu; Donald R. MacGorman

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Organizational Modes of Mesoscale Convective Systems over Central East China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite reflectivity Doppler radar data from June to September of 2007--2010 were used to classify mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over Central East China into seven morphologies. The morphologies included one nonlinear mode (NL) and six ...

Linlin Zheng; Jianhua Sun; Xiaoling Zhang; Changhai Liu

51

Satellite and Radar Survey of Mesoscale Convective System Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation of several hundred mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) during the warm seasons (April–August) of 1996–98 is presented. Circular and elongated MCSs on both the large and small scales were classified and analyzed in this study ...

Israel L. Jirak; William R. Cotton; Ray L. McAnelly

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Forecasting the Maintenance of Quasi-Linear Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of forecasting the maintenance of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) is investigated through an examination of observed proximity soundings. Furthermore, environmental variables that are statistically different between mature and ...

Michael C. Coniglio; Harold E. Brooks; Steven J. Weiss; Stephen F. Corfidi

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Circulations between Mesoscale Convective Systems along a Cold Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A frontal squall line that passed over the central United States on 14–15 June 1985 consisted of several primary mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) with a prominent gap (several hundred kilometers wide) between two of them over central Kansas ...

Richard H. Johnson; Barbara D. Miner; Paul E. Ciesielski

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Organizational Modes of Mesoscale Convective Systems over Central East China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite reflectivity Doppler radar data from June to September of 2007–2010 were used to classify mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over central east China into seven morphologies. The morphologies included one nonlinear mode (NL) and six ...

Linlin Zheng; Jianhua Sun; Xiaoling Zhang; Changhai Liu

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Convective Evolution and Merger in the FACE Experimental Area: Mesoscale Convection and Boundary Layer Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the interactions between the various scales of motion and, specifically, the inter-actions between convection and the surface boundary layer in the development of a mesoscale convective system within the Florida Area ...

John B. Cunning; Ronald L. Holle; Patrick T. Gannon; Andrew I. Watson

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Multiscale Convective Overturning in Mesoscale Convective Systems: Reconciling Observations, Simulations, and Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of how parameterized convection interacts with hydrostatic, explicitly resolved precipitation processes to represent multiscale convective overturning in a mesoscale-resolution numerical simulation is presented. Critically important ...

John S. Kain; J. Michael Fritsch

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Structure of a Midtropospheric Vortex Induced by a Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 9 June 1988 a mesoscale (200-km diameter) convectively generated vortex (MCV) passed through the Colorado wind-profiling network. The generating convective system, which was too small to meet Maddox’s mesoscale convective complex criteria, ...

Diana L. Bartels; John M. Brown; Edward I. Tollerud

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Practical and Intrinsic Predictability of Severe and Convective Weather at the Mesoscales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores both the practical and intrinsic predictability of severe convective weather at the mesoscales using convection-permitting ensemble simulations of a squall line and bow echo event during the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective ...

Christopher Melhauser; Fuqing Zhang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Mesoscale Downdraft Influences on Vertical Vorticity in a Mature Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vorticity dynamics of a lower-tropospheric mesovortex within a mature mesoscale convective system (MCS) is investigated with observations from a special sounding network and with dual-Doppler radar measurements. The data show that the ...

Edward A. Brandes; Conrad L. Ziegler

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Numerical Prediction of Convectively Driven Mesoscale Pressure Systems. Part II. Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 20-level, three-dimensional, primitive equation model with 20 km horizontal resolution is used to predict the development of convectively driven mesoscale pressure systems. Systems produced by the model have life histories and structural ...

J. M. Fritsch; C. F. Chappell

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Tropical Convective Variability as 1/f Noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented that the tropical convective variability behaves as 1/f noise for a 1–30-day period. This behavior is shown by analyzing the time series of convective available potential energy, which measures the degree of convective ...

Jun-Ichi Yano; Klaus Fraedrich; Richard Blender

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The convective structures associated with cloud-to-ground lightning in TOGA COARE Mesoscale Convective Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The TOGA COARE experiment was carried out in the western Pacific warm pool region from November 1992 through February 1993. Data from TOGA COARE provide the opportunity for comprehensive studies of tropical oceanic convection. This study seeks to understand more about the structures of tropical mesoscale convective systems in relation to their lightning activity and cold cloud area. The properties of convective cores within the MCSs, as well as their infrared (IR) cloud top temperatures are related to cloud-to-ground lightning. IR and lightning time histories for each case are compared, and the cases ranked by mean flashes per 10000 km2. For selected cases, radar/lightning overlays and vertical profiles of maximum radar reflectivities (VPRRs) are shown in order to describe the convective structures of cells that produced lightning, and also cells that did not produce lightning. IR cloud-top temperature and lightning histories indicate the highly variable nature of the TOGA COARE MCSs. Some MCSs which have very cold cloud-top temperatures have little or no lightning. When a system did produce lightning, more flashes generally occurred during its growth phase. Overall, IR measurements seem to be a poor indicator of lightning due to the lack of a clear relationship between the size of cold cloud-top area and cloud-to-ground flashes. The overall flash rates of the TOGA COARE MCSs support previous work which showed that tropical oceanic convection has an order of magnitude less cloud-to-ground lightning than continental convection. In fact, the highest flash rate for the 13 cases was less than the weakest continental case in a Texas MCS study (Toracinta et al. 1995). Examination of individual VPRR and of all convective VPRR from the 13 cases indicate a pronounced difference between lightning producing and non-lightning producing cells. Lightning producing convective cells have higher radar reflectivity in the 5.0- 8.0 km layer, and a slower decrease with height, both observations indicating larger ice particles in the mixed phase region between 00 C and-200 C.

Restivo, Michael Edward

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Use of Cloud-Resolving Simulations of Mesoscale Convective Systems to Build a Mesoscale Parameterization Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for parameterizing thermodynamic forcing by the mesoscale updrafts and downdrafts of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) in models with resolution too coarse to resolve these drafts. The parameterization contains ...

G. David Alexander; William R. Cotton

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Simulation of Tropical Convective Systems. Part I: A Cumulus Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new cumulus parametefization is developed for ffse in mesoscale model simulations of precipitating convective systems. It is designed to estimate convective properties using a cloud model that interacts with the mesoscale model in a physically ...

William M. Frank; Charles Cohen

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Parameterization of Convective Precipitation in Mesoscale Numerical Models: A Critical Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current approaches for incorporating cumulus convection into mesoscale numerical models are divided into three groups. The traditional approach utilizes cumulus parameterization at convectively unstable points and explicit (nonparameterized) ...

John Molinari; Michael Dudek

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Numerical Prediction of Convectively Driven Mesoscale Pressure Systems. Part I: Convective Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization formulation for incorporating the effects of midlatitude deep convection into mesoscale-numerical models is presented. The formulation is based on the hypothesis that the buoyant energy available to a parcel, in combination ...

J. M. Fritsch; C. F. Chappell

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Precipitation and Kinematic Structure of an Oceanic Mesoscale Convective System. Part I: Convective Line Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The precipitation, thermodynamic, and kinematic structure of an oceanic mesoscale convective system is studied using airborne Doppler and in situ (flight-level) data collected by the NOAA P-3 aircraft. The system, a well-organized, stationary, ...

David P. Jorgensen; Margaret A. LeMone; Ben Jong-Dao Jou

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Predicting the Movement of Mesoscale Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure for operationally predicting the movement of the mesobeta-scale convective elements responsible for the heavy rain in mesocale convective complexes is presented. The procedure is based on the well-known concepts that the motion of ...

S. F. Corfidi; J. H. Meritt; J. M. Fritsch

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Multiscale Evolution of a Derecho-Producing Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors address one type of severe weather: strong straight-line winds. The case of a mesoscale convective system that developed in eastern Colorado on 12–13 May 1985 was studied. The system formed in the afternoon, was active ...

Lígia R. Bernardet; William R. Cotton

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Contribution of Mesoscale Convective Weather Systems to the Warm-Season Precipitation in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contribution of precipitation from mesoscale convective weather systems to the warm-season (April–September) rainfall in the United States is evaluated. Both Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCC's) and other large, long-lived mesoscale ...

J. M. Fritsch; R. J. Kane; C. R. Chelius

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Technical Sessions Parameterization of Convective Clouds, Mesoscale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Convective-Generated Clouds W. R. Cotton Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 This presentation is a summary of research...

72

Deep Convective Rotational Solitary Waves and Mesoscale Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As an extension of CCI (conditional convective instability) theory, three-dimensional, deep and steady convective waves in a barotropic basic flow with an embedded moist zone were studied via perturbation methods. The basic state is assumed to be ...

Qin Xu

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Mesoscale Convective Complexes over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maximum spatial correlation technique (MASCOTTE) is an objective and automated method developed to simultaneously determine both the structural properties and evolution (tracking) of cloud shields of convective systems. Originally designed to ...

R. C. Blamey; C. J. C. Reason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

An Intercomparison of Simulated Rainfall and Evapotranspiration Associated with a Mesoscale Convective System over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation of precipitation and evapotranspiration simulated by mesoscale models is carried out within the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA) program. Six models performed simulations of a mesoscale convective system (MCS) ...

Françoise Guichard; Nicole Asencio; Christophe Peugeot; Olivier Bock; Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Xuefeng Cui; Matthew Garvert; Benjamin Lamptey; Emiliano Orlandi; Julia Sander; Federico Fierli; Miguel Angel Gaertner; Sarah C. Jones; Jean-Philippe Lafore; Andrew Morse; Mathieu Nuret; Aaron Boone; Gianpaolo Balsamo; Patricia de Rosnay; Bertrand Decharme; Philip P. Harris; J.-C. Bergès

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A Mesoscale Vortex Couplet Observed in the Trailing Anvil of a Multicellular Convective Complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations collected during the Oklahoma–Kansas PRE-STORM experiment are used to document the evolution and structure of a mesoscale vortex couplet that developed in the mesoscale convective system that occurred on 16–17 June 1985. The ...

Johannes Verlinde; William R. Cotton

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Climatic Regimes of Tropical Convection and Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual distribution and phase propagation of tropical convection are delineated using harmonic and amplitude-phase characteristics analysis of climatological pentad mean outgoing longwave radiation and monthly frequencies of highly reflective ...

Bin Wang

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Comparison between Low-Flash and Non-Lightning-Producing Convective Areas within a Mature Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two small multicellular convective areas within a larger mesoscale convective system that occurred on 20 June 2004 were examined to assess vertical motion, radar reflectivity, and dual-polarimetric signatures between flash and non-flash-producing ...

Jennifer L. Palucki; Michael I. Biggerstaff; Donald R. MacGorman; Terry Schuur

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Numerical Study of Three-Dimensional Gravity Waves Triggered by Deep Tropical Convection and Their Role in the Dynamics of the QBO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 3D mesoscale model is used to study the structure of convectively triggered gravity waves in the Tropics and their role in the dynamics of the middle atmosphere. Simulations with three stratospheric background zonal wind cases are examined. In ...

C. Piani; D. Durran; M. J. Alexander; J. R. Holton

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Surface and synoptic features of leading and parallel stratiform mesoscale convective systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the surface wind, pressure, and temperature patterns associated with mesoscale convective systems meeting the classification of leading or parallel stratiform. Cases were… (more)

Steinweg-Woods, Jesse Matthew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Life Cycle Variations of Mesoscale Convective Systems over the Americas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using GOES-7 ISCCP-B3 satellite data for 1987–88, the authors studied the evolution of the morphological and radiative properties of clouds over the life cycles of deep convective systems (CS) over the Americas at both tropical and middle ...

L. A. T. Machado; W. B. Rossow; R. L. Guedes; A. W. Walker

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Airflow and Precipitation Structure of Two Leading Stratiform Mesoscale Convective Systems Determined from Operational Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the airflow and precipitation structure of two leading stratiform (LS) mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) is presented. Leading stratiform systems are defined as linear MCSs that consist of a convective line with leading ...

Crystalyne R. Pettet; Richard H. Johnson

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A Long-Lived Mesoscale Convective Complex. Part I: The Mountain–Generated Component  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using data collected during Colorado State University's South Park Area Cumulus Experiment in 1977, a sequence of multi-scale convective events leading to the formation of a mesoscale convective complex is described. In the first phase, surface-...

William R. Cotton; Raymond L. George; Peter J. Wetzel; Ray L. McAnelly

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Effect of Mesoscale Heterogeneity on the Genesis and Structure of Mesovortices within Quasi-Linear Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the structure and evolution of quasi-linear convective systems (QLCSs) within complex mesoscale environments. Convective outflows and other mesoscale features appear to affect the rotational characteristics and associated ...

Dustan M. Wheatley; Robert J. Trapp

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Application of the 85 GHz ice scattering signature to a global study of mesoscale convective systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has long been observed that tropical convection tends to cluster, organizing into multicellular mesoscale convective systems (MCS), In convective towers, updrafts on the order of 10 m s-I favor the formation of large, precipitation-sized ice, which strongly scatters upwelling 85 GHz radiation. The 85 GHz brightness temperature is related to the amount of ice in an MCS and, indirectly, to the strength of the updrafts producing the ice. This study used an objective technique to identify MCSs from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager's 85 GHz channel to describe the size, intensity, and geographic distribution of MCSs between 35'N and 35'S for January, April, July, and October 1993. An MCS was defined as an area at least 2000 km 2 of 85 GHz polarization corrected brightness temperatures 1 0 5 @) MCSS. Over the oceans, median brightness temperature depression was 20-30 K below 225 K, while over land, it was 35-45 K below 225 K. Tropical Africa had the coldest median minimum brightness temperature. The sub-tropical oceans had the warmest median minimum brightness temperatures. MCSs were 35% more frequent over the oceans at sunrise than at sunset, and 60% more frequent over tropical continents at sunset than at sunrise. Both continental and oceanic MCSs tended to be larger at sunrise than at sunset. Continental MCSs tended to be colder at sunset than at sunrise, but oceanic MCSs tended to be marginally colder at sunrise than at sunset. In general, continental MCSs appeared to be smaller and more intense than oceanic MCSS, and the largest and the most intense MCSs occurred more frequently in the sub-tropics.

Devlin, Karen Irene

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Analysis of a Small, Vigorous Mesoscale Convective System in a Low-Shear Environment. Part II: Evolution of the Stratiform Precipitation and Mesoscale Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the mesoscale flow and precipitation distribution are investigated for a small mesoscale convective system (MCS) that evolved in a nearly barotropic environment exhibiting moderate instability and weak wind shear. Observations ...

Kevin R. Knupp; Bart Geerts; John D. Tuttle

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Enhancement of Tropical Ocean Evaporation and Sensible Heat Flux by Atmospheric Mesoscale Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhancement of monthly averaged evaporation by atmospheric mesoscale systems is estimated from long-term hourly observations of surface meteorological data from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) buoy ...

Steven K. Esbensen; Michael J. McPhaden

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Comparing the Convective Structure and Microphysics in Two Sahelian Mesoscale Convective Systems: Radar Observations and CRM Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) observed during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (AMMA) experiment are simulated using the three-dimensional (3D) Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model. This study was undertaken to determine the ...

Nick Guy; Xiping Zeng; Steven A. Rutledge; Wei-Kuo Tao

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Momentum Flux Spectrum of Convective Gravity Waves. Part I: An Update of a Parameterization Using Mesoscale Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The convective source and momentum flux spectra of a parameterization of convective gravity wave drag (GWDC) are validated in a three-dimensional spectral space using mesoscale numerical simulations for various ideal and real convective storms. ...

Hyun-Joo Choi; Hye-Yeong Chun

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Initiation of an Elevated Mesoscale Convective System Associated with Heavy Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale convective system (MCS) developed during the morning hours of 6 June 1993 and moved across northern and central Missouri, resulting in a narrow swath of excessive rainfall (>150 mm). The MCS developed well north of a surface warm ...

Scott M. Rochette; James T. Moore

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Case Study of a Severe Mesoscale Convective System in Central Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale convective system (MCS) developed over central Arizona during the late evening and early morning of 23–24 July 1990 and produced widespread heavy rain, strong winds, and damage to buildings, vehicles, power poles, and trees across ...

Darren M. McCollum; Robert A. Maddox; Kenneth W. Howard

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Serial Upstream-Propagating Mesoscale Convective System Events over Southeastern South America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serial mesoscale convective system (MCS) events with lifetimes over 18 h and up to nearly 70 h are routinely observed over southeastern South America from infrared satellite imagery during the spring and summer. These events begin over the ...

Vagner Anabor; David J. Stensrud; Osvaldo L. L. de Moraes

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Environment and Evolution of a Cold-Frontal Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-CENTRAL (OK PRE-STORM) have been used to study the evolution and propagation characteristics of a long-lived (?16 h) mesoscale convective system (MCS) that produced ...

Stanley B. Trier; David B. Parsons; John H. E. Clark

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Large-Scale Environments of the Global Populations of Mesoscale Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean genesis environment was constructed for each of five mesoscale convective complex (MCC) population centers around the world: Africa, Australia, China, South America, and the United States. It is found that the environments are very ...

Arlene G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Total Lightning Characteristics Relative to Radar and Satellite Observations of Oklahoma Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of regional very high frequency (VHF) Lightning Mapping Arrays (LMAs) makes it possible to begin analyzing trends in total lightning characteristics in ensembles of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). Flash initiations observed by the ...

Jeffrey A. Makowski; Donald R. MacGorman; Michael I. Biggerstaff; William H. Beasley

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A Phase-Plot Method for Diagnosing Vorticity Concentration Mechanisms in Mesoscale Convective Vortices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) analysis results show that these vortices form by way of different evolutionary paths. Rewriting the traditional form of the relative vertical vorticity equation in terms of momentum advection curl produces an ...

James R. Kirk

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Mesoscale Convective Vortices Observed during BAMEX. Part I: Kinematic and Thermodynamic Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five cases of mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) are described from observations collected during the Bow Echo and MCV Experiment (BAMEX) over the central United States during the period from 20 May to 6 July 2003. In the present paper, the ...

Christopher A. Davis; Stanley B. Trier

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Moving and Stationary Mesoscale Convective Systems over Northwest Mexico during the Southwest Area Monsoon Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some characteristics of the life cycle and motion of Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCSs), which formed over the northern Sierra Madre Occidental during the Southwest Area Monsoon Project (SWAMP), are examined. The motion characteristics of MCSs ...

Luis M. Farfán; Joseph A. Zehnder

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Horizontal Distribution of Electrical and Meteorological Conditions across the Stratiform Region of a Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five soundings of the electric field and thermodynamic properties were made in a mesoscale convective system (MCS) that occurred in Oklahoma and Texas on 2–3 June 1991. Airborne Doppler radar data were obtained from three passes through the ...

Maribeth Stolzenburg; Thomas C. Marshall; W. David Rust; Bradley F. Smull

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Electric and Kinematic Structure of the Oklahoma Mesoscale Convective System of 7 June 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Balloon soundings of electric field in Oklahoma mesoscale convective systems (MCS's) were made by the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) during the spring of 1989. A sounding made in the rearward edge of an MCS stratiform rain area on 7 ...

Steven M. Hunter; Terry J. Schuur; Thomas C. Mapshall; W. David Rust

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Mesoscale Convective Complexes Over the United States During 1981— Annual Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite images are used to document the life cycles of Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCCs) which occurred over the United States during the warm season months of 1981. These systems were found to exhibit characteristics similar to aspects of ...

R. A. Maddox; D. M. Rodgers; K. W. Howard

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Sources of Mesoscale Variability of Gravity Waves. Part II: Frontal, Convective, and Jet Stream Excitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present studies of four cases of mesoscale variance enhancements of horizontal velocity and temperature due to frontal activity, nonfrontal convection, and wind shear. These data were obtained aboard commercial aircraft during the Global ...

David C. Fritts; Gregory D. Nastrom

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Assessment of the Aviation Weather Center Global Forecasts of Mesoscale Convective Systems*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the precision of location and top height of mesoscale convective systems, as forecast by the Aviation Weather Center (AWC). The examination was motivated by the Mediterranean Israeli Dust Experiment (MEIDEX) on the space ...

Baruch Ziv; Yoav Yair; Karin Presman; Martin Füllekrug

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Role of Momentum Transport in the Motion of a Quasi-Idealized Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Momentum transport is examined in a simulated midlatitude mesoscale convective system (MCS) to investigate its contribution to MCS motion. Momentum budgets are computed using model output to quantify the role of specific processes in determining ...

Kelly M. Mahoney; Gary M. Lackmann; Matthew D. Parker

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A Shallow-Convection Parameterization for Mesoscale Models. Part I: Submodel Description and Preliminary Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A shallow-convection parameterization suitable for both marine and continental regimes is developed for use in mesoscale models. The scheme is closely associated with boundary layer turbulence processes and can transition to either a deep-...

Aijun Deng; Nelson L. Seaman; John S. Kain

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Mesoscale and Synoptic Scale Interactions Leading to Intense Convection: The Case of 7 June 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case study is presented involving an unusually intense mesoscale convective system (MCS) which produced extensive hail and wind damage in northeast Kansas and northern Missouri, including the Kansas City metropolitan area, during the predawn ...

Anthony A. Rockwood; Robert A. Maddox

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Life Cycle and Internal Structure of a Mesoscale Convective Complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the life cycle and precipitation structure of a Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC) that passed through the data-collecting network of the Texas portion of the High Plains Cooperative Program (HIPLEX) on 8 June 1980. The MCC ...

Colleen A. Leary; Edward N. Rappaport

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Relationships between Lightning Location and Polarimetric Radar Signatures in a Small Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 19 June 2004, the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment observed electrical, microphysical, and kinematic properties of a small mesoscale convective system (MCS). The primary observing systems were the Oklahoma Lightning ...

Nicole R. Lund; Donald R. MacGorman; Terry J. Schuur; Michael I. Biggerstaff; W. David Rust

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Two Types of Vertical Electrical Structures in Stratiform Precipitation Regions of Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric field (E) soundings in the stratiform regions and transition zones of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) are reported. Most of the E soundings were made during the 1991 Cooperative Oklahoma Profiler Studies (COPS-91). Multiple E ...

Thomas C. Marshall; W. David Rust

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Water and Energy Budgets of a Florida Mesoscale Convective System: A Combined Observational and Modeling Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale water and energy budgets are diagnosed for a squall line during the Convection and Precipitation Electrification Experiment and combined with the results of the two-dimensional Goddard Cumulus Ensemble Model. The fine temporal and ...

J. Halverson; M. Garstang; J. Scala; W-K. Tao

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A Subtropical Oceanic Mesoscale Convective Vortex Observed during SoWMEX/TiMREX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines a subtropical oceanic mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) that occurred from 1800 UTC 4 June to 1200 UTC 6 June 2008 during intensive observing period (IOP) 6 of the Southwest Monsoon Experiment (SoWMEX) and the Terrain-...

Hsiao-Wei Lai; Christopher A. Davis; Ben Jong-Dao Jou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The Contribution of Mesoscale Convective Complexes to Rainfall across Subtropical South America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses a database consisting of 330 austral warm-season (October–May) mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) during 1998–2007 to determine the contribution of MCCs to rainfall across subtropical South America (SSA). A unique precipitation ...

Joshua D. Durkee; Thomas L. Mote; J. Marshall Shepherd

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A Climatology of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices in the Rapid Update Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climatological characteristics of mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) occurring in the state of Oklahoma during the late spring and summer of four years are investigated. The MCV cases are selected based on vortex detection by an objective ...

Eric P. James; Richard H. Johnson

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Monitoring Mesoscale Convective Cloud Systems Associated with Heavy Storms Using Meteosat Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, an automatic algorithm for monitoring areas of cold cloud tops within mesoscale convective systems that produced floods in Greece is developed. The technique is based on Meteosat infrared and water vapor images. The purpose of the ...

Haralambos Feidas; Constantinos Cartalis

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Interactions between a Developing Mesoscale Convective System and Its Environment. Part II: Numerical Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 19 July 1993 mesoscale convective system (MCS), discussed in Part I, was simulated using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). The model was initialized with variable physiographic and atmospheric data with the goal of reproducing ...

Jason E. Nachamkin; William R. Cotton

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Forecasting the Maintenance of Mesoscale Convective Systems Crossing the Appalachian Mountains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting the maintenance of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) is a unique problem in the eastern United States due to the influence of the Appalachian Mountains. At times these systems are able to traverse the terrain and produce severe ...

Casey E. Letkewicz; Matthew D. Parker

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Interactions between a Developing Mesoscale Convective System and Its Environment. Part I: Observational Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is the first in a two part series in which the interactions between a growing mesoscale convective system (MCS) and its surrounding environment are investigated. The system studied here developed in northeastern Colorado on 19 July ...

Jason E. Nachamkin; Ray L. McAnelly; William R. Cotton

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

ARM - Field Campaign - Year of Tropical Convection (YOTC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsYear of Tropical Convection (YOTC) govCampaignsYear of Tropical Convection (YOTC) Campaign Links Year of Tropical Convection Website Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Year of Tropical Convection (YOTC) 2008.05.01 - 2010.04.30 Lead Scientist : Sally McFarlane Description Example of a sonde profile available from the ARM Archive The realistic representation of tropical convection in global atmospheric models is a long-standing challenge for weather and global climate models. The lack of fundamental knowledge in this area causes difficulties in modeling and predicting prominent phenomena of the tropical atmosphere such as the inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ), El-Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), monsoons, the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), tropical cyclones,

118

Mesoscale Convective Systems in Weakly Forced Large-Scale Environments. Part II: Generation of a Mesoscale Initial Condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of five mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) developed within a weakly forced large-scale environment on 11 and 12 May 1982. Two of these systems had a large component of motion against the midtroposphoric flow and propagated in a ...

David J. Stensrud; J. Michael Fritsch

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Modeling Study of a Tropical Squall-Type Convective Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multidimensional and time-dependent cloud scale model is used to investigate the dynamic and micro-physical processes associated with convective and stratiform regions within a tropical squall-type convective line. The evolution of the total ...

Wei-Kuo Tao; Joanne Simpson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Convective Momentum Transport over the Tropical Pacific: Budget Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ECMWF and NCEP–NCAR reanalyses are used to calculate convective momentum transport (CMT) as a momentum budget residual over several tropical oceanic convective regions, including the TOGA COARE Intensive Flux Array (IFA). Sources of uncertainty ...

Matthew T. Carr; Christopher S. Bretherton

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Propagating and Standing Components of the Intraseasonal Oscillationin Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two questions related to the intraseasonal variability of tropical convection and circulation remain controversial. 1) To what degree is the convective component of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) a standing oscillation? 2) Is the eastward ...

Chidong Zhang; Harry H. Hendon

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The Tropical Convective Spectrum. Part I: Archetypal Vertical Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A taxonomy of tropical convective and stratiform vertical structures is constructed through cluster analysis of 3 yr of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) “warm-season” (surface temperature greater than 10°C) precipitation radar (PR) ...

Dennis J. Boccippio; Walter A. Petersen; Daniel J. Cecil

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Convective Precursors and Predictability in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditions leading to convective outbreak in the Tropics are investigated by multivariate analysis of sounding and satellite data from the tropical western Pacific area. Circumstances that make the prediction problem difficult are discussed and ...

Steven C. Sherwood

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Physical Characterization of Tropical Oceanic Convection Observed in KWAJEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Kwajalein Experiment (KWAJEX) was designed to obtain an empirical physical characterization of precipitating convective clouds over the tropical ocean. Coordinated datasets were collected by three ...

Sandra E. Yuter; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Eric A. Smith; Thomas T. Wilheit; Edward Zipser

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Mesoscale Features Associated with Tropical Cyclone Formations in the Western North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale features of 124 tropical cyclone formations in the western North Pacific Ocean during 1999–2004 are investigated through large-scale analyses, satellite infrared brightness temperature (TB), and Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) ...

Cheng-Shang Lee; Kevin K. W. Cheung; Jenny S. N. Hui; Russell L. Elsberry

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Study of Convection Initiation in a Mesoscale Model Using High-Resolution Land Surface Initial Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled convection-resolving mesoscale atmosphere–land surface model (LSM) is used to investigate land surface–planetary boundary layer (PBL) interactions responsible for the initiation of deep, moist convection over the southern Great Plains ...

Stanley B. Trier; Fei Chen; Kevin W. Manning

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Correction of Radar QPE Errors for Non-Uniform VPRs in Mesoscale Convective Systems Using TRMM Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCSs) contain both regions of convective and stratiform precipitation, and a bright band (BB) is often found in the stratiform region. Inflated reflectivity intensities in the BB often cause positive biases in radar ...

Youcun Qi; Jian Zhang; Qing Cao; Yang Hong; Xiao-Ming Hu

128

Oceanic Cyclogenesis as Induced by a Mesoscale Convective System Moving Offshore. Part I: A 90-h Real-Data Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent observations have revealed that some mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) could undergo multiple cycles of convective development and dissipation, and, under certain environments, they appeared to be responsible for (barotropic) oceanic or ...

Da-Lin Zhang; Ning Bao

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Numerical Simulations of the Postsunrise Reorganization of a Nocturnal Mesoscale Convective System during 13 June IHOP_2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A convection-permitting numerical model is used to simulate the postsunrise reorganization of a nocturnal mesoscale convective system (MCS) observed over western and central Oklahoma on 13 June 2002 during the International H2O (IHOP_2002) Field ...

Stanley B. Trier; John H. Marsham; Christopher A. Davis; David A. Ahijevych

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Theoretical Studies of Convectively Forced Mesoscale Flows in Three Dimensions. Part I: Uniform Basic-State Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convectively forced mesoscale flows in three dimensions are theoretically investigated by examining the transient response of a stably stratified atmosphere to convective heating. Solutions for the equations governing small-amplitude ...

Ji-Young Han; Jong-Jin Baik

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Numerical Sensitivity Experiments of Varying Model Physics on the Structure, Evolution and Dynamics of Two Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of different model physics and different convective and boundary layer parameterization schemes are investigated using an 18-h nested-grid numerical simulation of the mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that were responsible for the ...

Da-Lin Zhang; J. Michael Fritsch

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Climatic regimes of tropical convection and rainfall  

SciTech Connect

Annual distribution and phase propagation of tropical convection are delineated using harmonic and amplitude-phase characteristics analysis of climatological pentad mean outgoing longwave radiation and monthly frequencies of highly reflective cloud. An annual eastward propagation of peak rainy season along the equator from the central Indian Ocean (60[degrees]E) to Arafura Sea (130[degrees]E) is revealed. This indicates a transition from the withdrawal of the Indian summer monsoon to the onset of the Australian summer monsoon. Significant bimodal variations are found around major summer monsoon regions. These variations originate from the interference of two adjacent regimes. The convergence zones over the eastern North Pacific, the South Pacific, and the southwest Indian Ocean are identified as a marine monsoon regime that is characterized by a unimodal variation with a concentrated summer rainfall associated with the development of surface westerlies equatorward of a monsoon trough. Conversely, the central North Pacific and North Atlantic convergence zones between persistent northeast and southeast trades are classified as trade-wind convergence zones; which differ from the marine monsoon regime by their persistent rainy season and characteristic bimodal variation with peak rainy seasons occurring in late spring and fall. The roles of the annual march of sea surface temperature in the phase propagation and formation of various climatic regimes of tropical convection are also discussed. 34 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Wang, Bin (Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Mesoscale Convective Vortices in Multiscale, Idealized Simulations: Dependence on Background State, Interdependency with Moist Baroclinic Cyclones, and Comparison with BAMEX Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of multiscale, nested, idealized numerical simulations of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) and mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) was conducted. The purpose of these simulations was to investigate the dependence of MCV development and ...

Robert J. Conzemius; Michael T. Montgomery

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Numerical Investigation of a Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 25 April 1975, as part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Atmospheric Variability Experiment IV, frequent upper-air soundings were taken at eastern United States synoptic sounding sites. An intense, long-lived mesoscale ...

Donald J. Perkey; Robert A. Maddox

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Patterns of Convection in the Tropical Western Pacific  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Patterns of Convection in the Tropical Western Pacific Patterns of Convection in the Tropical Western Pacific J. H. Mather Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Convection is ubiquitous throughout the maritime continent region. However, the frequency of convec- tion is not uniform. While much of this region does not experience seasons to the same degree as one finds in mid-latitudes, the annual cycle of the sun's passage does have a large impact on convection throughout the maritime continent and the tropical western Pacific. The distribution of islands also affects convection in a variety of ways. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has three sites in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) region, illustrated in Figure 1. The sites are located on Manus, Nauru, and at Darwin, Australia.

136

Radar, satellite, and lightning characteristics of select mesoscale convective systems in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study compares radar data from the League City, Texas WSR-88D and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data for a set of eight mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) which occur at various stages of development along the upper Texas Gulf Coast. Vertical profiles of radar reflectivity (VPRR) as well as plan views and vertical cross sections are constructed to characterize the structure and relative strength of each MCS. The VPRR are also compared with similar profiles from tropical oceanic MCSs. The data show that in all cases the majority of negative CG lightning flashes are located near high reflectivity convective cores (> 35 dBZ) in the mixed phase region (O'C -20'C). Growing or mature MCSs typically had larger negative flash counts and higher percentages of negative lightning (> 80%) associated with convective cores than MCSs at later stages of their life cycle. Comparison of the median VPRR for the various MCSs showed that although each case had high reflectivity cores (45-55 dBZ) in the lowest 2 to 3 km, the more electrically active MCSs were characterized by smaller reflectivity lapse rates (decrease of reflectivity with height) in mixed phase region than the cores in the remaining systems. Based on existing theories of charge separation, the observation of high negative flash counts coincident with convective cores having small reflectivity lapse rates in the mixed phase region is consistent with the presence of large ice particles aloft. Positive CG flashes were mostly located in low reflectivity (< 30 dBZ near the-10C level) stratiform regions, independent of MCS life cycle stage or VPRR type. Several cases with reports of large hail also had high positive flash densities associated with high reflectivity cores. Devlin et al. (1995) compare 85 GHz brightness temperatures from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to lightning data for the same set of MCSs examined in this study. The results using radar and 85 GHz data indicate that the presence of large ice particles aloft is the common linkage between MCSs with lightning, with high radar reflectivity aloft, and large 85 GHz temperature depressions.

Toracinta, Ernest Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

An Observational Study of Mesoscale Convective Systems with Heavy Rainfall over the Korean Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A heavy rainfall event induced by mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) occurred over the middle Korean Peninsula from 25 to 27 July 1996. This heavy rainfall caused a large loss of life and property damage as a result of flash floods and ...

Hyung Woo Kim; Dong Kyou Lee

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Long-Lived Mesoscale Convective Complex. Part II: Evolution and Structure of the Mature Complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An eight-day episode in August 1977 is described, wherein 14 mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) developed in the central United States, including one to the immediate Ice of the Rocky Mountains on each day of the episode. In Part I of this ...

Peter J. Wetzel; William R. Cotton; Ray L. McAnelly

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Surface Pressure and Precipitation Life Cycle Characteristics of PRE-STORM Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extensive observations of the May–June 1985 Oklahoma–Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-Central (OK PRE-STORM) are used to examine the life cycle characteristics of 16 mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). The primary focus is on the ...

Scot M. Loehrer; Richard H. Johnson

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Impact of Improved Initialization of Mesoscale Features on Convective System Rainfall in 10-km Eta Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 10-km version of the NCEP Eta Model has been run over a roughly 1000 km × 1000 km domain centered over the upper Midwest for 20 cases where heavy warm season rainfall occurred from mesoscale convective systems to investigate the response of the ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; Moti Segal

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Evolution and Structure of the 6–7 May 1985 Mesoscale Convective System and Associated Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations collected during the Oklahoma–Kansas PRE-STORM experiment are used to document the evolution and structure of the mesoscale convective system (MCS) that occurred on 6–7 May 1985. The storm began when a short squall line developed in ...

Edward A. Brandes

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The Precipitation Life Cycle of Mesoscale Convective Complexes over the Central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale convective complex (MCC) is a common and particularly well-organized class of meso-&? scale storm systems over the central United States. As observed by infrared (IR) satellite, the typical MCC's 10–12 h evolution displays a fairly ...

Ray L. McAnelly; William R. Cotton

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The 30–60-Day Convection Seesaw between the Tropical Indian and Western Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Indian and western Pacific oceans are two prominent action centers for tropical 30–60-day convective variability. When convection is enhanced over the equatorial Indian Ocean, the tropical western Pacific often experiences an ...

Baozhen Zhu; Bin Wang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Tropical Convection and Precipitation Regimes in the Western United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have documented the relationship between tropical convection and precipitation regimes in the western United States. Circulation patterns associated with precipitation regimes are described and physical mechanisms are proposed. ...

Kingtse C. Mo; R. W. Higgins

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

On the Relationship between Tropical Convection and Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical observations show convective activity increasing sharply above sea surface temperatures (SSTs) of around 26°C and then decreasing as the SST exceeds 30°C, with maximum observed SSTs of around 32°C.Although some aspects of this ...

Adrian M. Tompkins

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Convective Storm Initiation in a Moist Tropical Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar and satellite data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission–Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere (TRMM–LBA) project have been examined to determine causes for convective storm initiation in the southwest Amazon region. The locations and ...

Maria Andrea Lima; James W. Wilson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Observed Evolution of Tropical Deep Convective Events and Their Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a compositing technique, the temporal progression of tropical convective systems and the mean atmospheric state in their vicinity is constructed from a time series of geostationary satellite and operational rawinsonde data. The technique ...

Steven C. Sherwood; Ralph Wahrlich

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Deep Convective System Evolution over Africa and the Tropical Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the tropical African and neighboring Atlantic region there is a strong contrast in the properties of deep convection between land and ocean. Here, satellite radar observations are used to produce a composite picture of the life cycle of ...

Joanna M. Futyan; Anthony D. Del Genio

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Transient Environmental Sensitivities of Explicitly Simulated Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional cloud-resolving model, maintained in a statistically steady convecting state by tropics-like forcing, is subjected to sudden (10 min) stimuli consisting of horizontally homogeneous temperature and/or moisture sources with ...

Stefan N. Tulich; Brian E. Mapes

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Climatology of Tropical Intraseasonal Convective Anomalies: 1979–2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical intraseasonal convective anomalies (TICA) have a central role in subseasonal changes in the coupled ocean–atmosphere system, but the climatology of TICA events has not been properly documented. This study exploits 24 years of outgoing ...

Charles Jones; Leila M. V. Carvalho; R. Wayne Higgins; Duane E. Waliser; J-K. E. Schemm

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lagged cross correlations between outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and National Meteorological Center global analyses are utilized to isolate the preferred upper-level and surface circulation anomalies associated with tropical convection during ...

George N. Kiladis; Klaus M. Weickmann

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Vertical Motion Structure in Maritime continent mesoscale Convective Systems: Results from a 50-MHz Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind profiler data wore used to determine the vertical motion structure in four tropical mcsoscale convective systems (MCSs), which occurred during the Down Under Doppler and Electricity Experiment (DUNDEE) near Darwin. Northern Territory, ...

Robert Cifelli; Steven A. Rutledge

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Sensitivity of Tropical Convection to Land Surface Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the sensitivity of large-scale tropical convection to land surface changes in the general circulation model of the LMD. Ale method of analysis is based on a conceptual model of the energetics of convection applied every day of ...

J. Polcher

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Electrically Active Convection in Tropical Easterly Waves and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis in the Atlantic and East Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the authors investigated the characteristics of tropical easterly wave convection and the possible implications of convective structure on tropical cyclogenesis and intensification over the Atlantic Ocean and the east Pacific Ocean. ...

Kenneth D. Leppert II; Walter A. Petersen; Daniel J. Cecil

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Convection-Permitting Simulations of the Environment Supporting Widespread Turbulence within the Upper-Level Outflow of a Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Widespread moderate turbulence was recorded on three specially equipped commercial airline flights over northern Kansas near the northern edge of the extensive cirrus anvil of a nocturnal mesoscale convective system (MCS) on 17 June 2005. A ...

Stanley B. Trier; Robert D. Sharman

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Response of Tropical Deep Convection to Localized Heating Perturbations: Implications for Aerosol-Induced Convective Invigoration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud-system-resolving model is used to investigate the effects of localized heating/cooling perturbations on tropical deep convection, in the context of the aerosol “invigoration effect.” This effect supposes that a reduction of droplet ...

Hugh Morrison; Wojciech W. Grabowski

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Aerosol Indirect Effects on Tropical Convection Characteristics under Conditions of Radiative–Convective Equilibrium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of enhanced aerosol concentrations such as those associated with dust intrusions on the trimodal distribution of tropical convection have been investigated through the use of large-domain (10 000 grid points), fine-resolution (1 km), ...

Susan C. van den Heever; Graeme L. Stephens; Norman B. Wood

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electrification of Stratiform Regions in Mesoscale Convective Systems. Part II: Two-Dimensional Numerical Model Simulations of a Symmetric MCS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model simulations of a symmetric mesoscale convective system (MCS; observations discussed in Part I) were conducted using a 2D, time-dependent numerical model with bulk microphysics. A number of charging mechanisms were considered based on ...

Terry J. Schuur; Steven A. Rutledge

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Simulation of a Serial Upstream-Propagating Mesoscale Convective System Event over Southeastern South America Using Composite Initial Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serial upstream-propagating mesoscale convective system (MCS) events over southeastern South America are important contributors to the local hydrologic cycle as they can provide roughly half of the total monthly summer precipitation. However, the ...

Vagner Anabor; David J. Stensrud; Osvaldo L. L. de Moraes

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Mesoscale Convective Systems over Southeastern South America and Their Relationship with the South American Low-Level Jet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prior studies have shown that the low-level jet is a recurrent characteristic of the environment during the initiation and mature stages of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over the Great Plains of the United States. The South American low-...

Paola Salio; Matilde Nicolini; Edward J. Zipser

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Contribution of Mesoscale Convective Complexes to Rainfall in Sahelian Africa: Estimates from Geostationary Infrared and Passive Microwave Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contribution of mesoscale convective complexes to the July–September rainfall in Sahelian Africa is assessed using passive microwave data from the Special Sensor Microwave Image and infrared (IR) data from the European Geostationary ...

Arlene G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch; Andrew J. Negri

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Microphysical and Thermodynamic Structure and Evolution of the Trailing Stratiform Regions of Mesoscale Convective Systems during BAMEX. Part I: Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used airborne and ground-based radar and optical array probe data from the spiral descent flight patterns and horizontal flight legs of the NOAA P-3 aircraft in the trailing stratiform regions (TSRs) of mesoscale convective systems (...

Andrea M. Smith; Greg M. McFarquhar; Robert M. Rauber; Joseph A. Grim; Michael S. Timlin; Brian F. Jewett; David P. Jorgensen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Numerical Study of an Observed Orogenic Mesoscale Convective System. Part 1: Simulated Genesis and Comparison with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction of topographically induced thermally and mechanically driven diurnal flow regimes in the lee of the Rockies is shown to lead to the growth of a mesoscale convective system (MCS). An organic MCS observed during the 1977 combined ...

Gregory J. Tripoli; William R. Cotton

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Probabilistic Evaluation of the Dynamics and Predictability of the Mesoscale Convective Vortex of 10–13 June 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the dynamics and predictability of the mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) of 10–13 June 2003 through ensemble forecasting. The MCV of interest developed from a preexisting upper-level disturbance over the southwest United ...

Daniel P. Hawblitzel; Fuqing Zhang; Zhiyong Meng; Christopher A. Davis

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Sensitivity of a Simulated Extratropical Mesoscale Convective System to Longwave Radiation and Ice-Phase Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional, nonhydrostatic version of the Colorado State University Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) was applied to the simulation of a midlatitude, continental mesoscale convective system. A control simulation was established ...

Sue Chen; William R. Cotton

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Electrification of Stratiform Regions in Mesoscale Convective Systems. Part I: An Observational Comparison of Symmetric and Asymmetric MCSs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinematic, microphysical, and electrical structures of two mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) observed during the 1991 Cooperative Oklahoma Profiler Studies (COPS91) experiment are analyzed. Profiles of the vertical electric field structure ...

Terry J. Schuur; Steven A. Rutledge

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Mesoscale Conditions for the Severe Convection of 3 April 1974 in the East-Central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly surface observations from more than 200 stations, together with routine radar and rawinsonde data, are used to elucidate the mesoscale conditions for the extraordinarily widespread severe convection in the central United States on 3 April ...

Dennis A. Miller; Frederick Sanders

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Limiting Factors for Convective Cloud Top Height in the Tropics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Limiting Factors for Convective Cloud Top Limiting Factors for Convective Cloud Top Height in the Tropics M. P. Jensen and A. D. Del Genio National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies Columbia University New York, New York Introduction Populations of tropical convective clouds are mainly comprised of three types: shallow trade cumulus, mid-level cumulus congestus and deep convective clouds (Johnson et al. 1999). Each of these cloud types has different impacts on the local radiation and water budgets. For climate model applications it is therefore important to understand the factors which determine the type of convective cloud that will occur. In this study, we concentrate on describing the factors that limit the cloud-top heights of mid-

169

Convection in TOGA COARE: Horizontal Scale, Morphology, and Rainfall Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The occurrence frequency and rainfall production of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) relative to smaller groups of convective clouds over the tropical oceans is not well known. Eighty days of shipboard radar data collected during the recent ...

Thomas M. Rickenbach; Steven A. Rutledge

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Mesoscale Characteristics of Monsoonal Convection and Associated Stratiform Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations undertaken on 12 January 1990 at Darwin, Australia (12°S, 130°E), are used to document the structure of a monsoonal rainband in a low-CAPE, low-shear tropical environment. Dual-Doppler radar analyses are employed to investigate the ...

Thomas D. Keenan; Steven A. Rutledge

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Temperature and Humidity Profiles in Mesoscale Unsaturated Downdrafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Profiles of temperature and humidity beneath precipitating anvil clouds in tropical convective systems suggest the presence of a mesoscale unsaturated downdraft there. In this paper, a one-dimensional, steady-state, hydrostatic model of a ...

Colleen A. Leary

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Tropical Pacific impacts of convective momentum ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MJO and monsoons, either directly by changing the atmospheric response to convection, or indirectly by altering the background climatology and ENSO. In fact

173

Properties of tropical convection observed by ARM millimeter-radars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Properties of tropical convection observed by ARM millimeter-radars Properties of tropical convection observed by ARM millimeter-radars Haynes, John Colorado State University Stephens, Graeme Colorado State University Category: Cloud Properties The results of an analysis of tropical cloud systems observed from a variety of vertically pointing radar systems are described. In particular, observations taken during five years of operation of the ARM millimeter wavelength radar system (MMCR) at Manus Island in the Tropical West Pacific region are characterized into cloud classes according to the radar reflectivity structures of these cloud systems, associated rainfall, and surface radiative properties. These observations of cloud properties are composited with respect to various phases of the Madden Julian Oscillation, which is a dominant mode of variability at Manus Island. A method of better

174

Evolution of vertical drafts and cloud-to-ground lightning within the convective region of a mesoscale convective complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the area-averaged vertical velocity within the objectively defined convective region of the 4 June 1985 PRE-STORM (Preliminary Regional Experiment for Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology-Central Phase) mesoscale convective complex (MCC) was examined over a 100 minute period during the storm's mature stage and compared to that of a squall line. The area-averaged vertical velocity profiles from twenty dual-Doppler analyses indicated significant differences in convective intensity both spatially and temporally. The peak magnitudes of the mid-to-upper level area-averaged vertical velocity were initially comparable to those from a squall line but became much weaker. The distribution of vertical velocities at mid-to-upper levels was consistent with weakening convection as the percentage of weak updrafts and downdrafts grew at the expense of stronger vertical motions. Typically the non-squall MCC had a much larger percentage of strong downdrafts than did the squall line. Horizontal and vertical cross-sections of both vertical velocity and reflectivity confirmed that the MCC was evolving toward a state with fewer and less intense updraft cores while cross-sections of storm relative flow revealed a descending rear-to-front inflow at later analysis times which reached the surface near locations of active convection. The relationship of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning to the kinematic structure of the MCC was also studied. For mesoscale regions there was a 10-20 minute time lag between the peak convective intensity and the peak CG flash rate. A similar delay was found on the convective scale for some convective cells, however, other apparently similar cells had little CG lightning throughout their evolution. An analysis of the vertical profiles of the vertical velocity, reflectivity and their gradients above CG lightning suggested a preferred vertical structure of these fields for CG lightning. CG lightning occurred beneath greater than average vertical velocities at mid-to-upper levels and greater than average vertical velocity gradients and reflectivity at all levels. CG lightning also occurred beneath greater than average reflectivity gradients at mid and upper-levels but beneath smaller than average reflectivity gradients at low-levels due to its avoidance of the highest reflectivity gradient regions.

Saul, Scott Henry

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

An Evaluation of Microphysics Fields from Mesoscale Model Simulations of Tropical Cyclones. Part I: Comparisons with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a framework for comparing hydrometeor and vertical velocity fields from mesoscale model simulations of tropical cyclones with observations of these fields from a variety of platforms. The framework is based on the Yuter and ...

Robert F. Rogers; Michael L. Black; Shuyi S. Chen; Robert A. Black

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Impact of a Newtonian Assimilation and Physical Initialization an the Initialization and Prediction by a Tropical Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study illustrates the capability of Newtonian nudging and physical initialization in improving the initialized state and forecasts in the Florida State University high-resolution regional tropical mesoscale model. In particular it is shown ...

Kok-Seng Yap

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Mesoscale Dynamics of Thin Tropical Tropopause Cirrus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin cirrus clouds in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) are warmed through the absorption of infrared radiation. The response of the cloud and the surrounding atmosphere to this thermal forcing is investigated through linear theory and ...

Dale R. Durran; Tra Dinh; Marie Ammerman; Thomas Ackerman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

2–3-Day Convective Variability in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is an examination of 2–3-day convective variability in the tropical Pacific region. The initial focus of the paper is on the western tropical Pacific during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response ...

Carol Anne Clayson; Brian Strahl; Jon Schrage

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Convective Mixing near the Tropical Tropopause: Insights from Seasonal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been suggested that convection remains important in the budget of water vapor up to the tropical tropopause or even higher. But observed seasonal variations of CO2 and water vapor in the lower stratosphere, and their timing, call the ...

Steven C. Sherwood; Andrew E. Dessler

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

ENSO impact on Kelvin waves and associated tropical convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on atmospheric Kelvin waves and associated tropical convection is investigated using the ECMWF Re-Analysis, NOAA OLR and the analysis technique introduced in a previous study. It is found that the ...

Gui-Ying Yang; Brian Hoskins

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Simulated Relationships between Sea Surface Temperatures and Tropical Convection in Climate Models and Their Implications for Tropical Cyclone Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of enhanced atmospheric CO2 concentrations on tropical convection and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the global tropics is assessed using five fully coupled atmospheric–oceanic general circulation models (AOGCMs). Relationships ...

Jenni L. Evans; Jeffrey J. Waters

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Numerical Investigation of Tropical Island Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A version of the United Kingdom Meteorological Office mesoscale weather prediction model is used to simulate cases of deep tropical convection from the Island Thunderstorm Experiment off the north coast of Australia. Selected cases contrast ...

B. W. Golding

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Adjoint Sensitivity and Predictability of Tropical Cyclogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of tropical cyclogenesis and subsequent intensification is explored by applying small perturbations to the initial state in the presence of organized mesoscale convection and synoptic-scale forcing using the adjoint and tangent ...

James D. Doyle; Carolyn A. Reynolds; Clark Amerault; Jonathan Moskaitis

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Oceanic Cyclogenesis as Induced by a Mesoscale Convective System Moving Offshore. Part II: Genesis and Thermodynamic Transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The genesis of intense cyclonic vorticity in the boundary layer and the transformation of a low-level cold pool to a warm-core anomaly associated with the long-lived mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), which produced the July 1977 Johnstown ...

Da-Lin Zhang; Ning Bao

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Mesoscale Convective Systems in Weakly Forced Large-Scale Environments. Part III: Numerical Simulations and Implications for Operational Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During a 24-h period, beginning 1200 UTC 11 May 1982, a series of mesoscale convective systems developed within a weakly forced large-scale environment. Two of these systems had a large component of motion against the midtropospheric flow and ...

David J. Stensrud; J. Michael Fritsch

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Deep Convective Systems Observed by A-Train in the Tropical Indo-Pacific Region Affected by the MJO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Indo-Pacific region, mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) occur in a pattern consistent with the eastward propagation of the large-scale convective envelope of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO). MCSs are major contributors to the total ...

Jian Yuan; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Systemic Analysis of Multiscale Deep Convective Variability over the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiscale tropical deep convective variability over the Pacific Ocean is examined with the 4-month high-resolution deep convection index (ITBB) derived from satellite imagery. With a systemic view, the complex phenomenon is described with ...

Wen-wen Tung; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Jian-Bo Gao

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

A Satellite Infrared Technique to Estimate Tropical Convective and Stratiform Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new method of estimating both tropical convective precipitation and stratiform precipitation (produced under the anvils of mature and decaying convective systems) from satellite infrared data. The method, denoted CST (...

Robert F. Adler; Andrew J. Negri

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The Relationship between Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change and the Strength of Inner-Core Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective intensity proxies measured by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI), Precipitation Radar (PR), and Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) are used to assess the relationship between intense convection in the ...

Haiyan Jiang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By applying a cloud tracking algorithm to tropical convective systems in a simulated a regional high resolution model simulation, this study documents the environmental conditions before and after convective systems are initiated over ocean and ...

Samson Hagos; Zhe Feng; Sally McFarlane; L. Ruby Leung

191

From Hot Towers to TRMM: Joanne Simpson and Advances in Tropical Convection Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Joanne Simpson began contributing to advances in tropical convection about half a century ago. The hot tower hypothesis jointly put forth by Joanne Simpson and Herbert Riehl postulated that deep convective clouds populating the “equatorial trough ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Stochastic behavior of tropical convection in observations and a multicloud model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim for a more accurate representation of tropical convection in global circulation models is a long-standing issue. Here, the relationships between large- and convective scales in observations and a Stochastic Multicloud Model (SMCM) to ...

Karsten Peters; Christian Jakob; Laura Davies; Boualem Khouider; Andrew J. Majda

193

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By applying a cloud-tracking algorithm to tropical convective systems in a regional high-resolution model simulation, this study documents the environmental conditions before and after convective systems are initiated over ocean and land by ...

Samson Hagos; Zhe Feng; Sally McFarlane; L. Ruby Leung

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Updraft and Downdraft Statistics of Simulated Tropical and Midlatitude Cumulus Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a detailed analysis of updraft and downdraft statistics of simulated tropical oceanic and midlatitude continental cumulus convection, with an emphasis on the individual terms in the vertical momentum budget. Strong convective ...

Kuan-Man Xu; David A. Randall

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A Model of Rossby Waves Linked to Submonthly Convection over the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equatorward-propagating wave trains in the upper troposphere are observed to be associated with deep convection over the eastern tropical Pacific on the submonthly timescale during northern winter. The convection occurs in the regions of ascent ...

Adrian J. Matthews; George N. Kiladis

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Using the Stochastic Multicloud Model to Improve Tropical Convective Parameterization: A Paradigm Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite recent advances in supercomputing, current general circulation models (GCMs) poorly represent the variability associated with organized tropical convection. A stochastic multicloud convective parameterization based on three cloud types (...

Yevgeniy Frenkel; Andrew J. Majda; Boualem Khouider

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Horizontal Structure and Seasonality of Large-Scale Circulations Associated with Submonthly Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between deep tropical convection and large-scale atmospheric circulation in the 6–30-day period range is examined. Regression relationships between filtered outgoing longwave radiation at various locations in the Tropics and 200- ...

George N. Kiladis; Klaus M. Weickmann

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Modeling Study on the Early Electrical Development of Tropical Convection: Continental and Oceanic (Monsoon) Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical modeling studies of continental tropical and maritime tropical convection were conducted using the two-dimensional, nonhydrostatic, cloud electrification model developed at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. The model ...

Scot C. Randell; Steven A. Rutledge; Richard D. Farley; John H. Helsdon Jr.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

A Spatial Filter Approach to Evaluating the Role of Convection on the Evolution of a Mesoscale Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new spatial filter is proposed that exploits a spectral gap in power between the convective scale and the system (“vortex”) scale during tropical cyclone (TC) genesis simulations. Using this spatial separation, this study analyzes idealized ...

Glenn A. Creighton; Robert E. Hart; Philip Cunningham

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A Mesoscale Gravity Wave Event Observed during CCOPE. Part II: Interactions between Mesoscale Convective Systems and the Antecedent Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a very detailed investigation into the effects of preexisting gravity waves upon convective systems, as well as the feedback effects of convection of varying intensity upon the waves. The analysis is based on ...

Steven E. Koch; Robert E. Golus; Paul B. Dorian

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Intensification of the Low-Level Jet during the Development of Mesoscale Convective Systems on a Mei-Yu Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the period of 21–25 June 1991, a mei-yu front, observed by the post–Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment, produced heavy precipitation along the western side of the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan. Several oceanic mesoscale convective systems ...

Chaing Chen; Wei-Kuo Tao; Pay-Liam Lin; George S. Lai; S-F. Tseng; Tai-Chi Chen Wang

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Cumulus Parameterization Including Mass Fluxes, Convective Vertical Velocities, and Mesoscale Effects: Thermodynamic and Hydrological Aspects in a General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cumulus parameterization based on mass fluxes, convective-scale vertical velocities, and mesoscale effects has been incorporated in an atmospheric general circulation model (GCM). Most contemporary cumulus parameterizations are based on ...

Leo J. Donner; Charles J. Seman; Richard S. Hemler; Songmiao Fan

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Sensitivity of a Cloud-Resolving Simulation of the Genesis of a Mesoscale Convective System to Horizontal Heterogeneities in Soil Moisture Initialization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the sensitivity of varying the horizontal heterogeneities of the soil moisture initialization (SMI) in the cloud-resolving grid of a real-data simulation of a midlatitude mesoscale convective system (MCS) during its genesis ...

William Y. Y. Cheng; William R. Cotton

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Characteristics of CALIPSO and CloudSat Backscatter at the Top Center Layers of Mesoscale Convective Systems and Relation to Cloud Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the discovery of anomalously high values of lidar integrated attenuated backscatter near the top center layers of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) observed by the NASA Lidar In-Space Technology Experiment (LITE), a search of Cloud ...

C. M. R. Platt; M. A. Vaughan; R. T. Austin

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Mesoscale Forcing of a Midlatitude Upper-Tropospheric Jet Streak by a Simulated Convective System. Part II: Kinetic Energy and Resolution Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kinetic energy (KE) analysis of the forcing of a mesoscale upper-tropospheric jet streak by organized diabaaic processes within the simulated convective system (SCS) that was discussed in Part I is presented in this study. The relative ...

Bart J. Wolf; Donald R. Johnson

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Four-Dimensional Assimilation of Multitime Wind Profiles over a Single Station and Numerical Simulation of a Mesoscale Convective System Observed during IHOP_2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the impact of assimilating multitime wind profiles over a single station on the numerical simulation of a warm season mesoscale convective system over the region from the Kansas and Oklahoma border to the Texas Panhandle, ...

Lei Zhang; Zhaoxia Pu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Analysis and Prediction of the 8–9 May 2007 Oklahoma Tornadic Mesoscale Convective System by Assimilating WSR-88D and CASA Radar Data Using 3DVAR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) model is employed to perform high-resolution numerical simulations of a mesoscale convective system and associated cyclonic line-end vortex (LEV) that spawned several tornadoes in central Oklahoma on ...

Alexander D. Schenkman; Ming Xue; Alan Shapiro; Keith Brewster; Jidong Gao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Characteristics of Deep Tropical and Subtropical Convection from Nadir-Viewing High-Altitude Airborne Doppler Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents observations of deep convection characteristics in the tropics and subtropics that have been classified into four categories: tropical cyclone, oceanic, land, and sea breeze. Vertical velocities in the convection were derived ...

Gerald M. Heymsfield; Lin Tian; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Lihua Li; Stephen Guimond

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Ability of a Regional-Scale Model to Predict the Genesis of Intense Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the mesoscale part of a two-part evaluation of thirty forecasts produced by a mesoscalenumerical weather prediction model (MASS 2.0). The general approach taken to evaluate the mesoscale predictivecapabilities of the model is ...

Steven E. Koch

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Momentum Flux by Lines of Cumulonimbus over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of aircraft and rawinsonde data gathered in nine tropical mesoscale convective line cases indicates that all but two lines systematically increased front-to-rear momentum at heights greater than about 4 km, and rear-to-front momentum ...

Margaret A. LeMone; Gary M. Barnes; Edward J. Zipser

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Analysis of 11 june 2003 mesoscale convective vortex genesis using weather surveillance radar ??88 doppler (wsr-88d)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs), which typically form within the stratiform rain of some mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), may persist for days, often regenerating convection daily. Long-lived MCVs can produce as much precipitation as a landfalling hurricane and lead to catastrophic flooding. The number of studies using multi-Doppler radar observations for validation of the kinematics, or three-dimensional (3-D) wind structure, of MCV genesis is limited. For this study, the Oklahoma City (KTLX) and Tulsa, Oklahoma (KINX) Weather Surveillance Radar – 1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) were used to examine the genesis of a long-lived MCV from 0000 to 0300 UTC on 11 June 2003. Traditional dual-Doppler techniques were used to determine the 3-D wind field. To relate MCV genesis within the associated larger MCS, time series of convective and stratiform precipitation, divergence, vertical vorticity, and vertical velocity were created for multiple levels within the MCS. The role of vertical vorticity generated in the convective region in MCV development was determined using vertical profiles of the terms in the vorticity tendency equation at 15 minute temporal resolution during the three hour period of investigation. The results of this study provide a detailed three hour examination for the initiation and early evolution of a long-lived MCV and can provide model validation of MCV generation.

Reynolds, Amber Elizabeth

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The Convective System Area Expansion over Amazonia and Its Relationships with Convective System Life Duration and High-Level Wind Divergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between the initial area expansion rate of tropical convective systems and their total life duration are analyzed during the period of the Wet Season Amazon Mesoscale Campaign/Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere (WETAMC/LBA) ...

Luiz Augusto T. Machado; Henri Laurent

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Interannual to Diurnal Variations in Tropical and Subtropical Deep Convective Clouds and Convective Overshooting from Seven Years of AMSU-B Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study surveys interannual to diurnal variations of tropical deep convective clouds and convective overshooting using the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit B (AMSU-B) aboard the NOAA polar orbiting satellites from 1999 to 2005. The methodology ...

Gang Hong; Georg Heygster; Justus Notholt; Stefan A. Buehler

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A Simple Multicloud Parameterization for Convectively Coupled Tropical Waves. Part II: Nonlinear Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations in the Tropics point to the important role of three cloud types, congestus, stratiform, and deep convective clouds, besides ubiquitous shallow boundary layer clouds for both the climatology and large-scale organized anomalies such as ...

Boualem Khouider; Andrew J. Majda

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Impact of Stochastic Convection on Ensemble Forecasts of Tropical Cyclone Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two versions of the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) global ensemble, with and without a stochastic convection scheme, are compared regarding their performance in predicting the development and evolution of tropical ...

Andrew Snyder; Zhaoxia Pu; Carolyn A. Reynolds

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Organization of Tropical Convection in Low Vertical Wind Shears: The Role of Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modeling study is conducted to gain insight into the factors that control the intensity and organization of tropical convection, and in particular to examine if organization occurs in the absence of factors such as vertical wind shear or ...

Adrian M. Tompkins

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

High-Resolution Passive Microwave Observations of Convective Systems over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents high-resolution passive microwave measurements obtained in the western Pacific warm pool region. These measurements represent the most comprehensive such observations of convection over the tropical oceans to date, and were ...

Gary McGaughey; Edward J. Zipser; Roy W. Spencer; Robbie E. Hood

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A Satellite Study of Tropical Moist Convection and Environmental Variability: A Moisture and Thermal Budget Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic variability associated with moist convection over tropical oceans is analyzed by making use of a variety of satellite sensors including radars, an infrared and microwave sounder unit, and a microwave radiometer and scatterometer ...

Hirohiko Masunaga

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Tropical Cyclogenesis Sensitivity to Environmental Parameters in Radiative-Convective Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the relationship between the likelihood of tropical cyclogenesis and external environmental forcings is explored in the simplest idealized modelling framework possible: radiative-convective equilibrium on a ...

Nolan, David S.

220

Climatic Equilibrium of the Atmospheric Convective Boundary Layer over a Tropical Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional thermodynamic model for a partially mixed, partly cloudy, convective boundary layer (CBL) is coupled to a radiation model to compute equilibrium solutions for a tropical CBL and troposphere in energy balance over the ocean. For ...

Alan K. Betts; W. Ridgway

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The “Year” of Tropical Convection (May 2008–April 2010): Climate Variability and Weather Highlights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The representation of tropical convection remains a serious challenge to the skillfulness of our weather and climate prediction systems. To address this challenge, the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and The Observing System Research and ...

Duane E. Waliser; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; David Burridge; Andreas H. Fink; Dave Gochis; B. N. Goswami; Bin Guan; Patrick Harr; Julian Heming; Huang-Hsuing Hsu; Christian Jakob; Matt Janiga; Richard Johnson; Sarah Jones; Peter Knippertz; Jose Marengo; Hanh Nguyen; Mick Pope; Yolande Serra; Chris Thorncroft; Matthew Wheeler; Robert Wood; Sandra Yuter

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Influence of Sea Surface Temperature on Humidity and Temperature in the Outflow of Tropical Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple years of measurements of tropical upper-tropospheric temperature and humidity by the Measurement of Ozone and Water Vapor by Airbus In-Service Aircraft (MOZAIC) project are analyzed in the vicinity of deep convective outflow to study the ...

Zhengzhao Johnny Luo; Dieter Kley; Richard H. Johnson; G. Y. Liu; Susanne Nawrath; Herman G. J. Smit

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

On the Identification of the Large-Scale Properties of Tropical Convection using Cloud Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of cloud regimes in identifying tropical convection and the associated large-scale atmospheric properties is investigated. The regimes are derived by applying cluster analysis to satellite retrievals of daytime-averaged frequency ...

Jackson Tan; Christian Jakob; Todd P. Lane

224

Reproducibility by Climate Models of Cloud Radiative Forcing Associated with Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, cloud radiative forcing (CRF) associated with convective activity over tropical oceans is analyzed for monthly mean data from twentieth-century simulations of 18 climate models participating in phase 3 of the Coupled Model ...

Hiroki Ichikawa; Hirohiko Masunaga; Yoko Tsushima; Hiroshi Kanzawa

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Tropical Cyclone Convection and Intensity Analysis Using Differenced Infrared and Water Vapor Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique to identify and quantify intense convection in tropical cyclones (TCs) using bispectral, geostationary satellite imagery is explored. This technique involves differencing the water vapor (WV) and infrared window (IRW) channel ...

Timothy L. Olander; Christopher S. Velden

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Variability of Graupel and Snow Observed in Tropical Oceanic Convection by Aircraft during TRMM KWAJEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical characterization of graupel and snow in precipitating tropical convective clouds is important for refining satellite precipitation retrieval algorithms and cloud-resolving and radiative transfer models. Microphysics data for this ...

Ellen M. Sukovich; David E. Kingsmill; Sandra E. Yuter

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The effect of moist convection on the tropospheric response to tropical and subtropical zonally asymmetric torques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropospheric winds can be altered by vertical transfers of momentum due to orographic gravity waves and convection. Previous work showed that, in dry models, such zonally asymmetric torques produce a pattern of tropical ascent that is well-...

William R. Boos; Tiffany A. Shaw

228

On the Potential of VHF Wind Profilers for Studying Convective Processes in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we provide a set of examples to demonstrate the potential of VHF radar wind profilers for studying tropical convection processes. Our examples were extracted from data obtained from the NOAA/CU Pacific Profiler Network, which has ...

B. B. Balsley; D. A. Carter; A. C. Riddle; W. L. Ecklund; K. S. Gage

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Latent Heating and Mixing Due to Entrainment in Tropical Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies have noted the role of latent heating above the freezing level in reconciling Riehl and Malkus’ Hot Tower Hypothesis (HTH) with evidence of diluted tropical deep convective cores. This study evaluates recent modifications to the HTH ...

Clayton J. McGee; Susan C. van den Heever

230

Microphysical Processes Evident in Aerosol Forcing of Tropical Deep Convective Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the effects of aerosols on tropical deep convective clouds (DCCs). A series of large-scale, two-dimensional cloud-resolving model simulations was completed, differing only in the concentration of aerosols available to act ...

Rachel L. Storer; Susan C. van den Heever

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A Satellite Study of Tropical Moist Convection and Environmental Variability: A Moisture and Thermal Budget Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic variability associated with moist convection over tropical oceans is analyzed by making use of a variety of satellite sensors including radars, an infrared and microwave sounder unit, and microwave radiometer and scatterometer ...

Hirohiko Masunaga

232

The Interaction Between Deep Convection and Easterly Waves over Tropical North Africa: A Weather State Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction between deep convection and easterly waves over tropical North Africa is studied using a weather state (WS) dataset from the International Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) and reanalysis products from the European Centre for ...

Ademe Mekonnen; William B. Rossow

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Test of the Simulation of Tropical Convective Cloudiness by a Cloud-Resolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is described for testing the simulation of tropical convective clouds by models through comparison with observations of clouds and precipitation from earth-orbiting satellites. Clouds are divided into categories that represent ...

Mario A. Lopez; Dennis L. Hartmann; Peter N. Blossey; Robert Wood; Christopher S. Bretherton; Terence L. Kubar

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Microphysics of Maritime Tropical Convective Updrafts at Temperatures from ?20° to ?60°  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anvils produced by vigorous tropical convection contribute significantly to the earth’s radiation balance, and their radiative properties depend largely on the concentrations and sizes of the ice particles that form them. These microphysical ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield; Aaron Bansemer; Gerald Heymsfield; Alexandre O. Fierro

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Properties of Tropical Convection Observed by Millimeter-Wave Radar Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the results of analysis of over 825 000 profiles of millimeter-wave radar (MWR) reflectivities primarily collected by zenith-pointing surface radars observing tropical convection associated with various phases of activity of ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Norman B. Wood

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Intraseasonal Modulation of the North Pacific Storm Track by Tropical Convection in Boreal Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The modulation of the North Pacific storm track by tropical convection on intraseasonal time scales (30–90 days) in boreal winter (December–March) is investigated using the NCEP–NCAR reanalysis and NOAA satellite outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) ...

Yi Deng; Tianyu Jiang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Structural Characteristics of Deep Convective Systems over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural properties of convective cloud clusters of tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are studied using six summers of Meteosat satellite data in the atmospheric infrared window. A cluster at a given brightness temperature threshold is ...

L. A. Toledo Machado; M. Desbois; J-Ph Duvel

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Feature-Point Detection Using Distance Transforms: Application to Tracking Tropical Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The identification, tracking, and statistical analysis of tropical convective complexes using satellite imagery is explored in the context of identifying feature points suitable for tracking. The feature points are determined based on the shape ...

K. I. Hodges

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

The Skill of ECMWF Medium-Range Forecasts during the Year of Tropical Convection 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model-generated high-resolution 10-day-long predictions for the Year of Tropical Convection (YOTC) 2008. Precipitation forecast skills of the model over the tropics ...

Arindam Chakraborty

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Cloud and Radiative Characteristics of Tropical Deep Convective Systems in Extended Cloud Objects from CERES Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical and radiative properties of tropical deep convective systems for the period from January to August 1998 are examined with the use of Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Single-Scanner Footprint (SSF) data from the Tropical ...

Zachary A. Eitzen; Kuan-Man Xu; Takmeng Wong

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Numerical Study of Lapse-Rate Adjustments in the Tropical Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations in the tropics have shown that the lapse rate of virtual Potential temperature ?v normally resembles that of a reversible moist adiabat. In the present study, a mesoscale numerical model with parameterized convection is used to ...

Charles Cohen; William M. Frank

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Properties of Tropical Cloud Ensembles Estimated Using a Cloud Model and an Observed Updraft Population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple cloud model is developed which is designed for both diagnostic studies and mesoscale cumulus parameterization experiments. The cloud model is combined with an observed population of tropical convective updrafts and used to examine the ...

William M. Frank; Charles Cohen

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Mesoscale Convective Vortex Formation in a Weakly Sheared Moist Neutral Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized simulations of a diabatic Rossby vortex (DRV) in an initially moist neutral baroclinic environment are performed using the fifth-generation National Center for Atmospheric Research–Pennsylvania State University (NCAR–PSU) Mesoscale ...

Robert J. Conzemius; Richard W. Moore; Michael T. Montgomery; Christopher A. Davis

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Influence of Convectively Generated Thermal Forcing on the Mesoscale Circulation around Squall Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamical processes that determine the kinematic and thermodynamic structure of the mesoscale region around 2D squall lines are examined using a series of numerical simulations. The features that develop in a realistic reference simulation of ...

Rajul E. Pandya; Dale R. Durran

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Evaluation of the NCEP Mesoscale Eta Model Convective Boundary Layer for Air Quality Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric models are a basic tool for understanding the processes that produce poor air quality, for predicting air quality problems, and for evaluating proposed solutions. At the base of many air quality models is a mesoscale meteorological ...

Wayne M. Angevine; Kenneth Mitchell

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Spatial Variability of Liquid Water Path in Marine Low Cloud: The Importance of Mesoscale Cellular Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Liquid water path (LWP) mesoscale spatial variability in marine low cloud over the eastern subtropical oceans is examined using two months of daytime retrievals from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the NASA Terra ...

Robert Wood; Dennis L. Hartmann

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The Distinction between Large-Scale and Mesoscale Contribution to Severe Convection: A Case Study Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a case study of a relatively modest severe weather event as an example, a framework for understanding the large-scale-mesoscale interaction is developed and discussed. Large-scale processes are limited, by definition, to those which are ...

Charles A. Doswell III

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Effect of Horizontal Pressure Gradients on the Momentum Transport in Tropical Convective Lines. Part II: Lagrangian Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The movement of a set of Lagrangian parcels in the two-dimensional pressure field associated with a tropical convective line is considered. The results are compared with observational characteristics of GATE quasi-two-dimensional convective ...

Maria Flatau; Duane E. Stevens

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Convective Influence on the Heat Balance of the Tropical Tropopause Layer: A Cloud-Resolving Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical tropopause layer (TTL), and in particular the cold point tropopause, has been previously suggested as a feature decoupled from convection. Using a cloud-resolving model, the authors demonstrate that convection, in fact, has a cooling ...

Zhiming Kuang; Christopher S. Bretherton

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Convective and Rainfall Properties of Tropical Cyclone Inner Cores and Rainbands from 11 Years of TRMM Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective and rainfall properties of tropical cyclones (TCs) are statistically quantified by using Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data from December 1997 to December 2008. A semimanual method is used to divide the TC raining area into ...

Haiyan Jiang; Ellen M. Ramirez; Daniel J. Cecil

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Comparison of the Diurnal Precipitation Cycle in Convection-Resolving and Non-Convection-Resolving Mesoscale Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diurnal cycles of rainfall in 5-km grid-spacing convection-resolving and 22-km grid-spacing non-convection-resolving configurations of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model are compared to see if significant improvements can be ...

Adam J. Clark; William A. Gallus Jr.; Tsing-Chang Chen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Regional Variability in Tropical Convection: Observations from TRMM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observation of the vertical profile of precipitation over the global Tropics is a key objective of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) because this information is central to obtaining vertical profiles of latent heating. This study ...

Walter A. Petersen; Steven A. Rutledge

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Mesoscale Impacts of Explicit Numerical Diffusion in a Convection-Permitting Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In convection-permitting simulations, the spectrum of resolved motions is truncated near scales where convection is active. An “energy gap” between resolved and unresolved motions does not exist, such that the upscale and downscale fluxes of ...

Wolfgang Langhans; Juerg Schmidli; Christoph Schär

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Observations and Numerical Simulation of Atmospheric Cellular Convection over Mesoscale Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar and satellite images provide observations of convective rolls and other structures in the convective boundary layer (CBL), but the data are intermittent, and neither radar nor satellite gives a complete picture of roll circulation in the ...

Wenshou Tian; Douglas J. Parker; Charles A. D. Kilburn

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Regional Contrast of Mesoscale Convective System Structure prior to and during Monsoon Onset across South America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a 10-yr (1998–2007) climatology of observations from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite is used to study regional mechanisms of monsoon onset across tropical and subtropical South America. The approach is to ...

Thomas M. Rickenbach; Rosana Nieto-Ferreira; Richard P. Barnhill; Stephen W. Nesbitt

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The Life Cycle of Lightning and Severe Weather in a 3–4 June 1985 PRE-STORM Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning flash characteristics of a series of four mesoscale convective systems (MCS) that occurred in Oklahoma and Kansas on 3–4 June 1985 during the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-Central project are ...

Ronald L. Holle; Andrew I. Watson; Raúl E. López; Donald R. Macgorman; Robert Ortiz; William D. Otto

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Initiation and Organizational Modes of an Extreme-Rain-Producing Mesoscale Convective System along a Mei-Yu Front in East China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initiation and organization of a quasi-linear extreme-rain-producing mesoscale convective system (MCS) along a Meiyu front in East China during the midnight-to-morning hours of 8 July 2007 are studied using high-resolution surface observations ...

Yali Luo; Yu Gong; Da-Lin Zhang

258

A Comparison Of WSR-88D Reflectivities, SSM/I Brightness Temperatures, and Lightning for Mesoscale Convective Systems in Texas. Part I: Radar Reflectivity and Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first part of a two part study. Part I compares radar data from the League City, Texas, WSR-88D and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data for a set of eight mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), which occur at various stages of ...

E. Richard Toracinta; Karen I. Mohr; Edward J. Zipser; Richard E. Orville

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Effect of ocean mesoscale variability on the mean state of tropical Atlantic climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. J. Antonov, 2002: World Ocean Atlas 2001: Objectiveand variability in tropical ocean regions. Clim. Dynm. , 18,air-sea fluxes for Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled-

Seo, H; Jochum, M; Murtugudde, R; Miller, A J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Mesoscale Budgets of Heat and Moisture in a Convective System over the Central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect midlatitude organized onvection on its environment is diagnosed through the calculation of mesoscale heat and moisture budgets over a region during the 10–11 April 1979 AYE-SESAME case. The noise level or error at individual points is ...

Ying-Hwa Kuo; Richard A. Anthes

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Association of Tall Eyewall Convection with Tropical Cyclone Intensification .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite decades of research, operational weather agencies still find it difficult to predict change in the intensity of a tropical cyclone's surface wind. This dissertation… (more)

Kelley, Owen A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A Radar Study of Convective Cells in Mesoscale Systems in GATE. Part II: Life Cycles of Convective Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is Part II of a two-part paper describing the vertical profile of radar reflectivity in GATE convective cells. Time-height radar life histories for 42 cells over three GATE days are examined, using data from the Quadra radar with 5-minute ...

Edward J. Szoke; Edward J. Zipser

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Stratospheric Gravity Waves Generated by Multiscale Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generation of gravity waves by multiscale cloud systems evolving in an initially motionless and thermodynamically uniform environment is explored using a two-dimensional cloud-system-resolving model. The simulated convection has similar depth ...

Todd P. Lane; Mitchell W. Moncrieff

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Numerical Modeling of Gravity Wave Generation by Deep Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although convective clouds are known to generate internal gravity waves, the mechanisms responsible are not well understood. The present study seeks to clarify the dynamics of wave generation using a high-resolution numerical model of deep ...

Todd P. Lane; Michael J. Reeder; Terry L. Clark

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Structure of Large-Scale Convective Anomalies over Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographical variations in the variance and cross-correlation of monthly mean sea surface temperature (SST), outgoing longwave radiation (OLR, a proxy for deep convection and vertical motion), and convergence of winds at the surface and at 850 mb ...

David S. Gutzler; Tamara M. Wood

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Thermodynamic Environments of Deep Convection in Atlantic Tropical Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditional composites of dropsondes deployed into eight tropical Atlantic weather systems during 2010 are analyzed. The samples are conditioned based on cloud-top temperature within 10 km of the dropsonde, the radius from the cyclonic circulation ...

Christopher A. Davis; David A. Ahijevych

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Convective Impact on Temperatures Observed near the Tropical Tropopause  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed temperature trends and interannual variations near the tropical tropopause suggest that temperatures up to the cold point are controlled by the troposphere, but some models indicate otherwise. Here, previous investigations of thermal ...

Steven C. Sherwood; Takeshi Horinouchi; Heidi A. Zeleznik

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation, Super Cloud Clusters, and Cumulus Convection Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new framework for interpreting the origin of the tropical intraseasonal oscillation (TISO), which avoids the speed and scale selection problems in the previous theories, is proposed in this study. In this interpretation TISO is viewed as an ...

Winston C. Chao; Shian-Jiann Lin

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Mesoscale Predictability of Moist Baroclinic Waves: Convection-Permitting Experiments and Multistage Error Growth Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent study examined the predictability of an idealized baroclinic wave amplifying in a conditionally unstable atmosphere through numerical simulations with parameterized moist convection. It was demonstrated that with the effect of moisture ...

Fuqing Zhang; Naifang Bei; Richard Rotunno; Chris Snyder; Craig C. Epifanio

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Modulation of Internal Gravity Waves in a Multiscale Model for Deep Convection on Mesoscales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting from the conservation laws for mass, momentum, and energy together with a three-species bulk microphysics model, a model for the interaction of internal gravity waves and deep convective hot towers is derived using multiscale asymptotic ...

Daniel Ruprecht; Rupert Klein; Andrew J. Majda

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Distribution and Statistics of African Mesoscale Convective Weather Systems Based on the ISCCP Meteosat Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides for the first time an objective short-term (8 yr) climatology of African convective weather systems based on satellite imagery. Eight years of infrared International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project–European Space Agency’s ...

K. I. Hodges; C. D. Thorncroft

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Mesoscale Motion Fields Associated with a Slowly Moving GATE Convective Band  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the convective band of 14 September in the dense GATE observing array is determined using wind and thermodynamic data primarily from multiple aircraft penetrations, which are well distributed in the vertical and in time.

Edward J. Zipser; Rebecca J. Meitín; Margaret A. LeMone

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Improving Convective Precipitation Forecasting through Assimilation of Regional Lightning Measurements in a Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique developed for assimilating regional lightning measurements into a meteorological model is presented in this paper. The goal is to assess the effectiveness of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning information for improving the convective ...

Anastasios Papadopoulos; Themis G. Chronis; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Four-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation of Heterogeneous Mesoscale Observations for a Strong Convective Case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 19 September 1996, a squall line stretching from Nebraska to Texas with intense embedded convection moved eastward across the Kansas–Oklahoma area, where special observations were taken as part of a Water Vapor Intensive Observing Period ...

Y-R. Guo; Y-H. Kuo; J. Dudhia; D. Parsons; C. Rocken

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

African Easterly Wave Dynamics in a Mesoscale Numerical Model: The Upscale Role of Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To examine the dynamical role of convection in African easterly wave (AEW) life cycles the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model is used to simulate the evolution of a single AEW from September 2004. The model simulations are validated ...

Gareth J. Berry; Chris D. Thorncroft

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Enhancement of Convective Precipitation by Mesoscale Variations in Vegetative Covering in Semiarid Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is hypothesized that planting bands of vegetation with widths of the order of 50–100 km in semiarid regions could, under favorable large-scale atmospheric conditions, result in increases of convective precipitation. These increases, which ...

Richard A. Anthes

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Do the Tallest Convective Cells over the Tropical Ocean Have Slow Updrafts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Far from continents, a few storms lift precipitation-size ice particles into the stratosphere, 17 to 18 km above the tropical ocean. This study is the first to examine the observed properties of a large sample of these extremely tall convective ...

Owen A. Kelley; John Stout; Michael Summers; Edward J. Zipser

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Trajectory Analysis of Tropical Upper-Tropospheric Moisture and Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the distribution of upper-tropospheric humidity (UTH) in the cloud-free Tropics can be simulated with a simple model in which air expelled from moist convective regions is dried by subsidence along its trajectory. The ...

Eric P. Salathé Jr.; Dennis L. Hartmann

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Modeling the Impact of Convective Entrainment on the Tropical Tropopause  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) cloud-resolving model of deep moist convective events reveal net cooling near the tropopause (15–18 km above ground), caused by a combination of large-scale ascent and small-scale ...

F. J. Robinson; S. C. Sherwood

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Dynamics of Track Deflection Associated with the Passage of Tropical Cyclones over a Mesoscale Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU–NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) was used to simulate Supertyphoon Bilis (in 2000) and Typhoon Toraji (in 2001) in order to investigate the ...

Yuh-Lang Lin; Nicholas C. Witcraft; Ying-Hwa Kuo

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A Test of Convective Parameterizations in a Tropical Cyclone Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years a number of different methods have been proposed for the inclusion of the effects of cumuli in numerical models of tropical cyclones. In this paper several of the Kuo-type parameterizations have been tested by simulating the ...

Jay S. Hobgood; John N. Rayner

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Virtual Field Campaigns on Deep Tropical Convection in Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution time–height data over warm tropical oceans are examined, from three global atmosphere models [GFDL’s Atmosphere Model 2 (AM2), NCAR’s Community Atmosphere Model, version 3 (CAM3), and a NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office ...

Brian Mapes; Julio Bacmeister; Marat Khairoutdinov; Cecile Hannay; Ming Zhao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Parameter study of tropical cyclones in rotating radiative-convective equilibrium with column physics and resolution of a 25 km GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating radiative-convective equilibrium is studied by extracting the column physics of a meso-scale resolution global atmospheric model that simulates realistic hurricane frequency statistics and coupling it to rotating hydrostatic dynamics in ...

Wenyu Zhou; Isaac M. Held; Stephen T. Garner

284

Convection over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean during Northern Summer. Part I: Interannual and Diurnal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some aspects of the interannual and the diurnal variations of the convection over the tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are derived using Meteosat data. The study is based on four summer months (June, July, August and September) of three ...

Jean Philippe Duvel

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Convective Activity over Africa and the Tropical Atlantic Inferred from 20 Years of Geostationary Meteosat Infrared Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 20-yr (1986–2005) time series of Meteosat Visible and Infrared Imager (MVIRI) geostationary infrared observations was used to study deep convection over Africa and the tropical Atlantic. The 20-yr time period is covered by six consecutive ...

Ralf Bennartz; Marc Schroeder

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Sensitivity of Tropical Pacific Convection to Dry Layers at Mid- to Upper Levels: Simulation and Parameterization Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical forecast experiments are carried out to investigate the implications of observed moisture variability in the tropical Pacific for deep convection. The study uses a series of quasi-cloud-resolving model forecasts with a triple-nested ...

James A. Ridout

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Modulation of South Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones by the Madden–Julian Oscillation and Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subseasonal modulation of tropical cyclone (TC) genesis by large-scale atmospheric wave modes is studied using data from the south Indian Ocean region. The modes considered are the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), and the convectively coupled ...

Miloud Bessafi; Matthew C. Wheeler

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Interaction between Intraseasonal Oscillations of the Midlatitude Flow and Tropical Convection during 1979 Northern Summer: The Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been inferred and illustrated by many studies in terms of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and velocity potential (?) that energy is input into the intraseasonal oscillation through tropical cumulus convection, especially over the monsoon ...

Tsing-Chang Chen; Ming-Chen Yen

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Influence of Convective Momentum Transport on Mixed Rossby-Gravity waves: A contribution to tropical two-day waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Influences of convective momentum transport (CMT) on tropical waves are analytically studied with an idealized model, which captures the first-order baroclinic structure in the vertical. The CMT has significant influence on the mixed Rossby-...

Lei Zhou; In-Sik Kang

290

The Relationship between Precipitation and Lightning in Tropical Island Convection: A C-Band Polarimetric Radar Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the primary scientific objectives of the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment was to study cloud electrification processes in tropical island convection, in particular, the coupling between ice phase precipitation and lightning ...

Lawrence D. Carey; Steven A. Rutledge

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Multiscale Convective Wave Disturbances in the Tropics: Insights from a Two-Dimensional Cloud-Resolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiscale convective wave disturbances with structures broadly resembling observed tropical waves are found to emerge spontaneously in a nonrotating, two-dimensional cloud model forced by uniform cooling. To articulate the dynamics of these ...

Stefan N. Tulich; Brian E. Mapes

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A Radiative–Convective Equilibrium Perspective of Weakening of the Tropical Walker Circulation in Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both observational analysis and GCM simulations indicate that the tropical Walker circulation is becoming weaker and may continue to weaken as a consequence of climate change. Here, the authors use a conceptual radiative–convective equilibrium (...

Xianglei Huang; Hui-Wen Chuang; Andrew Dessler; Xiuhong Chen; Kenneth Minschwaner; Yi Ming; V. Ramaswamy

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Role of Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation in the Relationship between Tropical Convection and Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors study the influence of the large-scale atmospheric circulation on the relationship between sea surface temperature (SST) and tropical convection inferred from outgoing longwave radiation (OLR). They find that under ...

K-M. Lau; H-T. Wu; S. Bony

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The effects of imposed stratospheric cooling on the maximum intensity of tropical cyclones in axisymmetric radiative-convective equilibrium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of stratospheric cooling and sea surface temperature (SST) warming on tropical cyclone (TC) potential intensity (PI) are explored using an axisymmetric cloud-resolving model run to radiative-convective equilibrium (RCE). Almost all ...

Hamish A. Ramsay

295

The Role of Radiation in Influencing Tropical Cloud Distributions in a Radiative–Convective Equilibrium Cloud-Resolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations by Johnson et al. depict regions of active tropical convection as possessing increased relative humidity through a deep layer and reduced low-level static stability when compared to nonconvecting regions. Shallow cumulus clouds, ...

Lyle Pakula; Graeme L. Stephens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Quantitative Assessment of Diurnal Variation of Tropical Convection Simulated by a Global Nonhydrostatic Model without Cumulus Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated the resolution dependence of diurnal variation in tropical convective systems represented by a global nonhydrostatic model without cumulus parameterization. This paper describes the detailed characteristics of diurnal ...

Akira T. Noda; Kazuyoshi Oouchi; Masaki Satoh; Hirofumi Tomita

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Squall Lines and Convectively Coupled Gravity Waves in the Tropics: Why Do Most Cloud Systems Propagate Westward?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coupling between tropical convection and zonally propagating gravity waves is assessed through Fourier analysis of high-resolution (3-hourly, 0.5°) satellite rainfall data. Results show the familiar enhancement in power along the dispersion ...

Stefan N. Tulich; George N. Kiladis

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The sensitivity of tropical convective precipitation to the direct radiative forcings of black carbon aerosols emitted from major regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous works have suggested that the direct radiative forcing (DRF) of black carbon (BC) aerosols are able to force a significant change in tropical convective precipitation ranging from the Pacific and Indian Ocean to ...

Wang, Chien

299

Spatial and Annual Variations in the Diurnal Cycle of Large-Scale Tropical Convective Cloudiness and Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three years of three-hourly infrared satellite data from the American geostationary satellites were used to determine the large-scale spatial and temporal variations in the diurnal cycle of tropical convective precipitation. The region examined ...

Bernard N. Meisner; Phillip A. Arkin

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Comparison of the Highly Reflective Cloud and Outgoing Longwave Radiation Datasets for Use in Estimating Tropical Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, there are two long-term satellite-derived datasets most are frequently used as indices for tropical deep convection. These are the Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) and Highly Reflective Cloud (HRC) datasets. Although both of these ...

Duane E. Waliser; Nicholas E. Graham; Catherine Gautier

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Distant Effects of a Recurving Tropical Cyclone on Rainfall in a Midlatitude Convective System: A High-Impact Predecessor Rain Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research has identified predecessor rain events (PREs), which are mesoscale regions of heavy rainfall that occur 1000 km poleward and downshear of recurving tropical cyclones (TCs). PREs typically occur 24–36 h prior to the arrival of the ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Radiative Forcing of Simulated Tropical Cloud Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of field experiments and subsequent studies in the 1970s and 1980s have led to the belief that radiative processes play a more significant role in the evolution of tropical mesoscale convective systems (MCSS) than was once thought. In ...

Rosemary Auld Miller; William M. Frank

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Using Mesoscale Simulations to Train Statistical Models of Tropical Cyclone Intensity over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decay of tropical cyclones after landfall is a key factor in estimating the extent of the hazard overland. Yet our current understanding of this decay is challenged by the low frequency of past events. Consequently, one cannot rely solely ...

Augustin Colette; Nadja Leith; Vincent Daniel; Enrica Bellone; David S. Nolan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Tropical Wave Instabilities: Convective Interaction with Dynamics Using the Emanuel Convective Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave-CISK and evaporation-wind feedback modes, also known as WISHE (wind-induced surface heat exchange) modes, are investigated using a two-dimensional (x?p), hydrostatic, nonrotational model linearized about a basic state in radiative-convective ...

Randy G. Brown; Christopher S. Bretherton

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Oceanic Rainfall Detection and Classification in Tropical and Subtropical Mesoscale Convective Systems Using Underwater Acoustic Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the underwater sound produced by rain were made at three U.S. coastal sites in a study to determine the feasibility and limitations of the acoustic detection and classification of rainfall over water. In the analysis of the rain ...

Peter G. Black; John R. Proni; John C. Wilkerson; Christopher E. Samsury

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Mesoscale Numerical Study of Two Cases of Long-Lived Quasi-Stationary Convective Systems over Eastern Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of mesoscale numerical simulations using the Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research model is used to investigate two cases of extreme precipitation over eastern Spain. Both cases (3–4 November 1987 and 20 ...

R. Romero; C. A. Doswell III; C. Ramis

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Applicability of Large-Scale Convection and Condensation Parameterization to Meso-?-Scale HIRLAM: A Case Study of a Convective Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a case study of a single cold air outbreak event with widespread convective precipitation over southern Finland on 25 May 2001. The purpose of the study is to investigate the applicability of the convection and condensation ...

Sami Niemelä; Carl Fortelius

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Vertical Structure of Tropical Convection and Its Impact on the Budgets of Water Vapor and Ozone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective clouds in the Tropics that penetrate the boundary layer inversion preferentially detrain into a shallow outflow layer (2–5 km) or a deep outflow layer (10–17 km). The properties of these layers are diagnosed from a one-dimensional ...

Ian Folkins; Randall V. Martin

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Latitudinal Variations of the Convective Source and Propagation Condition of Inertio-Gravity Waves in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Latitudinal variations of the convective source and vertical propagation condition of inertio-gravity waves (IGWs) in the tropical region (30°S–30°N) are examined using high-resolution Global Cloud Imagery (GCI) and 6-hourly NCEP–NCAR reanalysis ...

Hye-Yeong Chun; Jung-Suk Goh; In-Sun Song; Lucrezia Ricciardulli

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Changes in the Interaction between Tropical Convection, Radiation, and the Large-Scale Circulation in a Warming Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the response of the tropical hydrologic cycle to surface warming through the lens of large-domain cloud-system-resolving model experiments run in a radiative–convective equilibrium framework. Simulations are run for 55 days and ...

Derek J. Posselt; Susan van den Heever; Graeme Stephens; Matthew R. Igel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Characteristics of Rain Integral Parameters during Tropical Convective, Transition, and Stratiform Rain at Gadanki and Its Application in Rain Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study the characteristics of rain integral parameters during tropical convective (C), transition (T), and stratiform (S) types of rain are studied with the help of Joss–Waldvogel disdrometer (JWD), L-band, and very-high-frequency ...

Sanjay Sharma; Mahen Konwar; Diganta Kumar Sarma; M. C. R. Kalapureddy; A. R. Jain

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A Study of a Mesoscale Solitary Wave in the Atmosphere Originating near a Region of Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of a mesoscale wave which occurred over the eastern United States on 6 March 1969 is presented. Its origin is attributed to the perturbation of a midtropospheric inversion by a squall line. After the wave formed, it propagated in the ...

Yuh-Lang Lin; R. Craig Goff

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

SOFAR Float Observations of an Intermediate-Depth Eastern Boundary Current and Mesoscale Variability in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two neutrally buoyant SOFAR floats vigorously looped and meandered at depths of 950–1150 m in the eastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. The float trajectories illustrate a poleward flow along the tropical eastern boundary and significant intermediate-...

David M. Fratantoni; Philip L. Richardson

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

A Satellite Method to Identify Structural Properties of Mesoscale Convective Systems Based on the Maximum Spatial Correlation Tracking Technique (MASCOTTE)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple, fully automated, and efficient method to determine the structural properties and evolution (tracking) of cloud shields of convective systems (CS) is described. The method, which is based on the maximum spatial correlation tracking ...

Leila M. V. Carvalho; Charles Jones

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Relationships between Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Satellite-Based Indicators of Inner Core Convection: 85-GHz Ice-Scattering Signature and Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key component in the maintenance and intensification of tropical cyclones is the transverse circulation, which transports mass and momentum and provides latent heat release via inner core convective updrafts. This study examines these updrafts ...

Daniel J. Cecil; Edward J. Zipser

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

High-Resolution Simulation of Mean Convection and Its Intraseasonal Variability over the Tropics in the MRI/JMA 20-km Mesh AGCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical mean convection and its organization on different spatiotemporal scales in a simulation using the Meteorological Research Institute/Japan Meteorological Agency (MRI/JMA) global atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) at 20-km ...

K. Rajendran; A. Kitoh; R. Mizuta; S. Sajani; T. Nakazawa

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Diurnal Cycle of Shallow and Deep Convection for a Tropical Land and an Ocean Environment and Its Relationship to Synoptic Wind Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of shallow and deep convection during the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission/Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (TRMM/LBA) and the Eastern Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–...

L. Gustavo Pereira; Steven A. Rutledge

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

United Mechanisms for the Generation of Low- and High-Frequency Tropical Waves. Part I: Control Experiments with Moist Convective Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To examine several mechanisms for the generation of low- and high-frequency tropical waves, numerical experiments are conducted using an idealized nine-level R21 spectral model with the original scheme of moist convective adjustment (MCA). The ...

Y. Hayashi; D. G. Golder

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Evaluation of Hydrometeor Phase and Ice Properties in Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Tropical Deep Convection Using Radiance and Polarization Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite measurements are used to evaluate the glaciation, particle shape, and effective radius in cloud-resolving model simulations of tropical deep convection. Multidirectional polarized reflectances constrain the ice crystal geometry and the ...

Bastiaan van Diedenhoven; Ann M. Fridlind; Andrew S. Ackerman; Brian Cairns

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Tropical cyclone size in observations and in radiative-convective equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone size remains an unsolved problem in tropical meteorology, yet size plays a significant role in the damage caused by tropical cyclones due to wind, storm surge, and inland freshwater flooding. This work ...

Chavas, Daniel Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Multiscale Observational Case Study of a Pacific Atmospheric River Exhibiting Tropical–Extratropical Connections and a Mesoscale Frontal Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case study is presented of an atmospheric river (AR) that produced heavy precipitation in the U.S. Pacific Northwest during March 2005. The study documents several key ingredients from the planetary scale to the mesoscale that contributed to the ...

F. Martin Ralph; Paul J. Neiman; George N. Kiladis; Klaus Weickmann; David W. Reynolds

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Tropical Island Convection in the Absence of Significant Topography. Part I: Life Cycle of Diurnally Forced Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diurnally forced convection was observed over the Tiwi Islands, north of the Australian continent, as part of the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment. Immature peninsula-scale (5–15 km) sea breezes were observed to initiate moist ...

R. E. Carbone; J. W. Wilson; T. D. Keenan; J. M. Hacker

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Formation of Mesoscale Lines of Precipitation: Nonsevere Squall Lines in Oklahoma during the Spring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of mesoscale lines of nonsevere convection in Oklahoma during the spring is discussed. This documentation complements the study by Bluestein and Jain of severe, mesoscale convective-fine development. Three major classes of squall ...

Howard B. Bluestein; Gregory T. Marx; Michael H. Jain

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Radar Analysis of a Tropical Convective Boundary Layer with Shallow Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A situation of fair weather cloudy convection is examined using a dual Doppler radar, environmental measurements and cloud photogrammetry. The convective layer is characterized by the interaction between the northward monsoon wind at low levels ...

Laurence Eymard

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Relationship between Satellite Measured Convective Bursts and Tropical Cyclone Intensification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between the mean temperature of the top of the cloud canopies and the future maximum winds of Atlantic Ocean tropical cyclones is analyzed. The area-average cloud top temperatures from 309 observations of 12 tropical cyclones ...

Joseph Steranka; Edward B. Rodgers; R. Cecil Gentry

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Wavelet Analysis of Simulated Tropical Convective Cloud Systems. Part I: Basic Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wavelet analysis of a three-dimensional 7-day explicit simulation of the tropical cloud systems in the Global Atmosphere Research Programme (GARP) Atlantic Tropical Experiment Phase III is performed. Three physically distinct regimes (squall ...

Jun-Ichi Yano; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Xiaoqing Wu; Michio Yamada

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Links between Tropical Convection and Variations of the Extratropical Circulation during TOGA COARE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the Intensive Observation Period of the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (November 1992–February 1993) have been used to investigate the links between intraseasonal variations in tropical ...

Greg C. Tyrrell; David J. Karoly; John L. McBride

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

The Effects of Vertical Wind Shear on the Distribution of Convection in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of vertical wind shear on the azimuthal distribution of cloud-to-ground lightning in tropical cyclones was examined using flash locations from the National Lightning Detection Network. The study covers 35 Atlantic basin tropical ...

Kristen L. Corbosiero; John Molinari

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The multiple vortex nature of tropical cyclogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis contains an observational analysis of the genesis of Tropical Storm Allison (2001). Using a paradigm of tropical cyclone formation as the superposition of potential vorticity (PV) anomalies, the importance of different scales of PV merger to various aspects of Allison?s formation is discussed. While only the case of Allison is discussed in great detail, other studies have also documented PV superposition on various scales, and superposition could be important for most tropical cyclones. Preceding Allison?s genesis, PV superposition on the large scale destabilized the atmosphere and increased low-level cyclonic vorticity. This presented a more favorable environment for the formation of MCV-type PV anomalies and smaller, surface-based, meso-?-scale vortices. Although these vortices eventually merged to form a more concentrated vortex with stronger surface pressure gradients, the merger happened well after landfall of Allison and no strengthening ensued. The unstable, vorticity-rich environment was also favorable for the development of even smaller, meso-?-scale vortices that accompanied deep convective cells within one of Allison?s meso-?-scale vortices. The observations herein suggest that the meso-?- scale convective cells and vortices are the respective source of PV production and building blocks for the meso-?-scale vortices. Finally, this thesis discusses issues related to the multiple vortex nature of tropical cyclone formation. For instance, the tracking of developing tropical cyclones is greatly complicated by the presence of multiple vortices. For these cases, the paradigm of a single cyclone center is inappropriate and alternative tracking methods are introduced.

Sippel, Jason Allen

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Simulation of microphysical structure associated with tropical cloud clusters using mesoscale model and comparison with TRMM observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An attempt has been made in the present study to examine the microphysical structure of a non-squall Tropical Cloud Cluster (TCC). Three-dimensional model simulations of cloud microphysical structure associated with a non-squall TCC occurred on 26 October ...

S. Abhilash; K. Mohankumar; S. Das

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Tropical observability and predictability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many studies have investigated tropical data assimilation in the context of global models or specifically for tropical cyclones, but relatively few have focused on the mesoscale predictability and observability of the ...

Whitcomb, Timothy Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and satellite based indicators of inner core convection: 85 GHz ice scattering signature and lightning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key component in the maintenance and intensification of tropical cyclones is the transverse circulation, which transports mass and momentum and provides latent heat release via inner core convective updrafts. This study examines these updrafts indirectly, using satellite-borne observations of the scattering of upwelling microwave radiation by precipitation sized ice and satellite-borne observations of lightning. The observations are then compared to tropical cyclone intensity and the resulting relationships are assessed. The size of ice particles is tied to updraft strength, in that stronger updrafts produce more supercooled liquid water, leading to larger graupel through riming. Large graupel and a high supercooled liquid water content are necessary ingredients for charge separation, leading to lightning. Various parameters derived from the inner core ice scattering signature are computed for regions encircling hurricanes and typhoons, and observations of lightning activity or inactivity are analyzed. As expected, increasing ice scattering signature is found to correspond to increasing tropical cyclone intensity. However, the highest correlations do not involve indicators of convective intensity, as they were expected to. Instead, the highest correlations with tropical cyclone intensity result from the ice scattering signature parameters most closely associated with the areal extent of at least moderate precipitation rates. Correlations tend to be of the same sign for both present cyclone intensity at the time of the satellite overpass and subsequent intensity change. Correlations are higher for future cyclone intensity than for either of these. These correlations are much higher for the Atlantic and the Eastern North Pacific than for the Western North Pacific. It is hypothesized that processes involved with the most intense or rapidly intensifying tropical cyclones (more commonly found in the Western North Pacific) are responsible for these differences. The lightning observations are more limited than the microwave observations, because the short amount of time in which lightning can be detected may not adequately represent a particular storms electrical activity. These observations reveal no clear relationships between electrical activity and tropical cyclone intensity. In the examination of case studies, the paradoxical situation of much greater lightning activity in rainbands than in eyewalls is noted.

Cecil, Daniel Joseph

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Convective Modifications of a Geostrophic Eddy Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean convection often occurs in regions of mesoscale eddy activity, where convective mixing and geostrophic eddy dynamics interact. The authors examine the interactions between a group of geostrophic eddies and convective mixing induced by ...

Sonya Legg; James C. McWilliams

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Numerical Simulation of Episodes of Organized Convection in Tropical Northern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large-domain convection-permitting numerical model is used to simulate episodes of deep convection, which are generated during the day over the Ethiopian Highlands and then propagate westward over the eastern and central Sahel region (5°–20°N) ...

Arlene G. Laing; Stanley B. Trier; Christopher A. Davis

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Gravity Waves Driven by Diurnal Fluctuations in Mesoscale Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed convective systems, such as mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs), often undergo repeated cycles of nocturnal growth and daytime decay especially during the summer. The gravity wave response to these pulsations is poorly understood. The ...

John H. E. Clark

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves over Tropical Africa during the Boreal Summer: Structure and Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure and variability of convectively coupled Kelvin waves during the boreal summer are explored using satellite-observed brightness temperature data and ECMWF reanalyses. Kelvin wave activity is most prominent between the central and ...

Ademe Mekonnen; Chris D. Thorncroft; Anantha R. Aiyyer; George N. Kiladis

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Development of Convective Systems over Baja California during Tropical Cyclone Linda (2003)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characteristics of the life cycle and motion of convective systems that occurred over the Baja California Peninsula were determined from a case study in September of 2003. This note applies data from satellite imagery, regular observations from ...

Luis M. Farfán

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Tropical Convection on 7–21-Day Timescales over the Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented to demonstrate that the oscillations of convection on 7–21-day timescales are an important component of the intraseasonal variability over the region spanning the equatorial western Pacific to the subtropical South Pacific. ...

Jon M. Schrage; Dayton G. Vincent

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Pacific–South American Modes and Tropical Convection during the Southern Hemisphere Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric circulation features and convection patterns associated with two leading low-frequency modes in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) are examined in multiyear global reanalyses produced by NCEP–NCAR and NASA–DAO. The two leading modes, ...

Kingtse C. Mo; R. Wayne Higgins

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Sensitivity of Tropical Convection to Sea Surface Temperature in the Absence of Large-Scale Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of convection to changing sea surface temperature (SST) in the absence of large-scale flow is examined, using a three-dimensional cloud resolving model. The model includes a five-category bulk microphysical scheme representing snow, ...

Adrian M. Tompkins; George C. Craig

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Statistical Assessment of Tropical Convection-Permitting Model Simulations Using a Cell-Tracking Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a method for comparing convection-permitting model simulations to radar observations using an innovative object-based approach. The method uses the automated cell-tracking algorithm, Thunderstorm Identification Tracking ...

Simon Caine; Todd P. Lane; Peter T. May; Christian Jakob; Steven T. Siems; Michael J. Manton; James Pinto

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Indo-Pacific Sea Surface Temperature Perturbations Associated with Intraseasonal Oscillations of Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the ISV of the convection is an intermittent phenomenon, the local mode analysis (LMA) technique is used to detect only the ensemble of intraseasonal events that are well organized at large scale. The LMA technique is further developed in ...

Jean Philippe Duvel; Jérôme Vialard

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Three-Dimensional Simulation of a Tropical Squall Line: Convective Organization and Thermodynamic Vertical Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional convective-scale simulations of an African squall line, observed during the French COPT 81 experiment, are presented. Three simulations with different representations of large-scale forcing are performed on a domain of 50 km (...

Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Jean-Philippe Lafore

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Conserved Variable Analysis of the Convective Boundary Layer Thermodynamic Structure over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of FGGE dropwindsonde data using conserved thermodynamic variables shows mixing line structures for the convective boundary layer over the equatorial Pacific. Deeper boundary layers show a double structure. Reversals of the gradients ...

Alan K. Betts; Bruce A. Albrecht

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Tropical Cumulus Convection and Upward-Propagating Waves in Middle-Atmospheric GCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is recognized that the resolved tropical wave spectrum can vary considerably among general circulation models (GCMs) and that these differences can have an important impact on the simulated climate. A comprehensive comparison of low-latitude ...

T. Horinouchi; S. Pawson; K. Shibata; U. Langematz; E. Manzini; M. A. Giorgetta; F. Sassi; R. J. Wilson; K. Hamilton; J. de Grandpré; A. A. Scaife

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Observations of Lightning in Convective Supercells within Tropical Storms and Hurricanes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning observations from land-based lightning detection networks now allow monitoring this component of the electrical structure of tropical storms and hurricanes within a few hundred kilometers of the United States ...

Walter A. Lyons; Cecil S. Keen

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Satellite Observations of Variations in Tropical Cyclone Convection Caused by Upper-Tropospheric Troughs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mutual adjustment between upper-tropospheric troughs and the structure of western Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Florence (1988) and Irene (1981) are analyzed using satellite and in situ data. Satellite-observed tracers (e.g., cirrus clouds, ...

Edward B. Rodgers; Simon W. Chang; John Stout; Joseph Steranka; Jainn-Jong Shi

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Effect of Environmental Conditions on Tropical Deep Convective Systems Observed from the TRMM Satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses measurements of radiation and cloud properties taken between January and August 1998 by three Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) instruments, the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) scanner, the TRMM ...

Bing Lin; Bruce A. Wielicki; Patrick Minnis; Lin Chambers; Kuan-Man Xu; Yongxiang Hu; Alice Fan

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

SCOUT-O3/ACTIVE: High-altitude Aircraft Measurements around Deep Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During November and December 2005, two consortia of mainly European groups conducted an aircraft campaign in Darwin, Australia, to measure the composition of the tropical upper-troposphere and tropopause regions, between 12 and 20 km, in order to ...

G. Vaughan; K. Bower; C. Schiller; A. R. MacKenzie; T. Peter; H. Schlager; N. R. P. Harris; P. T. May

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Convective Coupling and Interannual and Intraseasonal Coupled Variabilities in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent analyses point at close structural similarities and intimate dynamical connections among the members of a wide spectrum of variabilities in the global Tropics. This suggests that these oscillations with widely different timescales may have ...

P. Goswami; Rameshan K.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Lagrangian Diagnostics of Tropical Deep Convection and Its Effect upon Upper-Tropospheric Humidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study combines geostationary water vapor imagery with optical cloud property retrievals and microwave sea surface observations in order to investigate, in a Lagrangian framework, (i) the importance of cirrus anvil sublimation on tropical ...

Ákos Horváth; Brian J. Soden

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Improvements of an Ice-Phase Microphysics Parameterization for Use in Numerical Simulations of Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to properly simulate the extent and ice water content of tropical anvil clouds in numerical models that explicitly include cloud formation because of the significant effects that these clouds have on the radiation budget. For this ...

Steven K. Krueger; Qiang Fu; K. N. Liou; Hung-Neng S. Chin

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Evidence from Tropical Raindrop Spectra of the Origin of Rain from Stratiform versus Convective Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of temporal variations in gamma parameters of raindrop spectra is presented utilizing surface-based observations from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Couple Ocean-Atmosphere Experiment. An observed dramatic change in the N0 ...

Ali Tokay; David A. Short

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Improved Simulation of Florida Summer Convection Using the PLACE Land Model and a 1.5-Order Turbulence Parameterization Coupled to the Penn State–NCAR Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three major modifications to the treatment of land surface processes in the Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research mesoscale model MM5, are tested in a matrix of eight model experiments. Paired together in each ...

Barry H. Lynn; David R. Stauffer; Peter J. Wetzel; Wei-Kuo Tao; Pinhas Alpert; Nataly Perlin; R. David Baker; Ricardo Muñoz; Aaron Boone; Yiqin Jia

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

How Do Atmosphere and Land Surface Influence Seasonal Changes of Convection in the Tropical Amazon?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the wet season in the tropical Amazon (10°N–20°S) at any one place and in any one year is initiated rapidly by synoptic systems, large-scale thermodynamic conditions modulate the frequency and intensity of these synoptic systems and ...

Rong Fu; Bin Zhu; Robert E. Dickinson

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Rapid Scan Views of Convectively Generated Mesovortices in Sheared Tropical Cyclone Gustav (2002)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 9–10 September 2002, multiple mesovortices were captured in great detail by rapid scan visible satellite imagery in subtropical, then later, Tropical Storm Gustav. These mesovortices were observed as low-level cloud swirls while the low-level ...

Eric A. Hendricks; Michael T. Montgomery

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Global Distribution of Tropical Deep Convection: Different Perspectives from TRMM Infrared and Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cold cloud features (CCFs) are defined by grouping six full years of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) infrared pixels with brightness temperature at 10.8-?m wavelength (TB11) less than or equal to 210 and 235 K. Then the precipitation ...

Chuntao Liu; Edward J. Zipser; Stephen W. Nesbitt

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Three-Way Interaction between an African Easterly Wave, Diurnally Varying Convection, and a Convectively Coupled Atmospheric Kelvin Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores a three-way interaction between an African easterly wave (AEW), the diurnal cycle of convection over the Guinea Highlands (GHs), and a convectively coupled atmospheric equatorial Kelvin wave (CCKW). These interactions resulted ...

Michael J. Ventrice; Christopher D. Thorncroft; Matthew A. Janiga

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Deep Convection and “First Echoes” within Anvil Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of convective cells within anvil precipitation, in a region of moderate convective activity that might be called a small mesoscale convective system, is described and discussed. The presence of precipitation-sized hydrometeors in ...

Charles A. Knight; L. Jay Miller; William D. Hall

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Basis for a Rainfall Estimation Technique Using IR–VIS Cloud Classification and Parameters over the Life Cycle of Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the basis for a new rainfall estimation method using geostationary infrared and visible data. The precipitation radar on board the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite is used to train the algorithm presented (which ...

G. Delgado; Luiz A. T. Machado; Carlos F. Angelis; Marcus J. Bottino; Á. Redaño; J. Lorente; L. Gimeno; R. Nieto

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Factors Influencing the Development and Maintenance of Nocturnal Heavy-Rain-Producing Convective Systems in a Storm-Scale Ensemble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From 9 to 11 June 2010, a mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) was associated with several periods of heavy rainfall that led to flash flooding. During the overnight hours, mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) developed that moved slowly and produced ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Adam J. Clark; Ming Xue; Fanyou Kong

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Multiscale Convective Organization and the YOTC Virtual Global Field Campaign  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Year of Tropical Convection (YOTC) project recognizes that major improvements are needed in how the tropics are represented in climate models. Tropical convection is organized into multiscale precipitation systems with an underlying chaotic order. ...

Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Duane E. Waliser; Martin J. Miller; Melvyn A. Shapiro; Ghassem R. Asrar; James Caughey

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

A Nonhydrostatic Mesoscale Model Designed to Simulate Scale Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional nonhydrostatic mesoscale model is presented that is designed to optimally represent the scale-interaction process among inertially balanced and unbalanced modes occurring within convective weather systems. Because scale-...

Gregory J. Tripoli

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Toward a Mesoscale Observation Network in Southeast Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current weather observation network in Southeast Asia is unable to support the accurate monitoring and prediction of the region's predominantly convective weather. Establishing a multisensor mesoscale observation network comprising automated ...

Tieh-Yong Koh; Chee-Kiat Teo

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Case Study of an Orographically Induced Mesoscale Vortex (Denver Cyclone)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations taken during the Convection Initiation and Downburst Experiment (CINDE) are used to describe the formation and structure of an orographically induced mesoscale vortex that frequently occurs in northeastern Colorado. This vortex, ...

J. M. Wilczak; T. W. Christian

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Use of Wind Profilers in a Mesoscale Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During May and June of 1985, an experiment to study mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) was carried out in central Kansas and Oklahoma, using many of the latest measurement technologies in the atmospheric sciences. Among these were three 50-MHz ...

John A. Augustine; Edward J. Zipser

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Mesoscale Circulation Growth under Conditions of Weak Inertial Instability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hypothesis that inertial instability plays a role in the upscale development of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) is explored by sampling environments that supported the growth of MCSs in the Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM (...

David O. Blanchard; William R. Cotton; John M. Brown

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Wide Rainband in a Developing Tropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 18 January 1987 the three aircraft from the Equatorial Mesoscale Experiment (EMEX) completed a mission designed to identify the mesoscale reflectivity, kinematic, and thermodynamic structure of a convectively active rainband on the leading ...

B. F. Ryan; G. M. Barnes; E. J. Zipser

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Latent Heating and Cooling Rates in Developing and Nondeveloping Tropical Disturbances during TCS-08: Radar-Equivalent Retrievals from Mesoscale Numerical Models and ELDORA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Latent heating and cooling rates have a critical role in predicting tropical cyclone formation and intensification. In a prior study, Park and Elsberry estimated the latent heating and cooling rates from aircraft Doppler radar [Electra Doppler ...

Myung-Sook Park; Andrew B. Penny; Russell L. Elsberry; Brian J. Billings; James D. Doyle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Multiscale Interactions in the Life Cycle of a Tropical Cyclone Simulated in a Global Cloud-System-Resolving Model. Part II: System-Scale and Mesoscale Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The life cycle of Tropical Storm Isobel was simulated reasonably well in the Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM), a global cloud-system-resolving model. The evolution of the large-scale circulation and the storm-scale structure ...

Hironori Fudeyasu; Yuqing Wang; Masaki Satoh; Tomoe Nasuno; Hiroaki Miura; Wataru Yanase

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Tropical-Extratropical Teleconnections during the Northern Hemisphere Winter. Part II: Relationships between Monthly Mean Northern Hemisphere Circulation Patterns and Proxies for Tropical Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mean teleconnections during the northern winter between proxies for tropical heating (OLR and SST data) and Northern Hemisphere 700 mb circulation patterns (PNA, TNH, and WPO) are examined, principally with correlation analysis. In ...

Robert E. Livezey; Kingtse C. Mo

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Initiation and Evolution of Multiple Modes of Convection within a Meso-Alpha-Scale Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 30 March 2006, a convective episode occurred featuring isolated supercells, a mesoscale convective system (MCS) with parallel stratiform (PS) precipitation, and an MCS with leading stratiform (LS) precipitation. These three distinct convective ...

Adam J. French; Matthew D. Parker

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Transition to Strong Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work has shown that observations of tropical precipitation conform to properties associated with critical phenomena in other systems. Here some of these universal properties are used to probe the physics of tropical convection empirically, ...

J. David Neelin; Ole Peters; Katrina Hales

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Genesis of Tropical Storm Eugene (2005) from Merging Vortices Associated with ITCZ Breakdowns. Part I: Observational and Modeling Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although tropical cyclogenesis occurs over all tropical warm ocean basins, the eastern Pacific appears to have the highest frequency of tropical cyclogenesis events per unit area. In this study, tropical cyclogenesis from merging mesoscale ...

Chanh Q. Kieu; Da-Lin Zhang

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Implicit Versus Explicit Convective Heating in Numerical Weather Prediction Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of several explicit formulations of convective heating to predict the precipitation associated with a mesoscale convective complex was compared to that of a cumulus parameterization on a ½ deg latitude-longitude mesh. In the explicit ...

John Molinari; Michael Dudek

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A Convective Line with Leading Stratiform Precipitation from BAMEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 31 May 2003, a front-fed convective line with leading stratiform precipitation (FFLS) was observed during the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex Experiment (BAMEX). The high-resolution BAMEX measurements provided one of the first ...

Brandon A. Storm; Matthew D. Parker; David P. Jorgensen

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

12.811 Tropical Meteorology, Spring 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course describes the behavior and dynamics of the tropical troposphere, from the large-scale energy balance down to cumulus convection and tropical cyclones. Topics include: Radiative-convective equilibrium; the Hadley ...

Emanuel, Kerry

378

Distribution of Tropical Tropospheric Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilizing a conceptual model for tropical convection and observational data for water vapor, the maintenance of the vertical distribution of the tropical tropospheric water vapor is discussed. While deep convection induces large-scale subsidence ...

De-Zheng Sun; Richard S. Lindzen

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Convective Entrainment and Large-Scale Organization of Tropical Precipitation: Sensitivity of the CNRM-CM5 Hierarchy of Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spurious double intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is a systematic bias affecting state-of-the-art coupled general circulation models (GCMs). Modeling studies show that the ITCZ structure is very sensitive to moist convection ...

Boutheina Oueslati; Gilles Bellon

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Toward an understanding of vertical momentum transports in cloud system resolving model simulations of multiscale tropical convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the characteristics of convective momentum transport (CMT) and gravity wave momentum transport (GWMT) in two-dimensional cloud-system resolving model simulations, including the relationships between the two transports. A linear ...

Tiffany A. Shaw; Todd P. Lane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Use of Satellite Imagery and Surface Pressure-Gradient Analysis Modified for Sloping Terrain to Analyze the Mesoscale Events Preceding the Severe Hailstorms of 2 August 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditions leading up to an outbreak of severe hailstorms in northeast Colorado are examined using satellite and surface data. A persistent mesoscale ridge of surface-high pressure, caused by outflow from a mesoscale- convective system, is seen ...

John F. Weaver; James J. Toth

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Dynamics and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through methodology unique for tropical cyclones in peer-reviewed literature, this study explores how the dynamics of moist convection affects the predictability of tropical cyclogenesis. Mesoscale models are used to perform short-range ensemble forecasts of a non-developing disturbance in 2004 and Hurricane Humberto in 2007; both of these cases were highly unpredictable. Taking advantage of discrepancies between ensemble members in short-range ensemble forecasts, statistical correlation is used to pinpoint sources of error in forecasts of tropical cyclone formation and intensification. Despite significant differences in methodology, storm environment and development, it is found in both situations that high convective instability (CAPE) and mid-level moisture are two of the most important factors for genesis. In the gulf low, differences in CAPE are related to variance in quasi-geostrophic lift, and in Humberto the differences are related to the degree of interaction between the cyclone and a nearby front. Regardless of the source of CAPE variance, higher CAPE and mid-level moisture combine to yield more active initial convection and more numerous and strong vortical hot towers (VHTs), which incrementally contribute to a stronger vortex. In both cases, strength differences between ensemble members are further amplified by differences in convection that are related to oceanic heat fluxes. Eventually the WISHE mechanism results in even larger ensemble spread, and in the case of Humberto, uncertainty related to the time of landfall drives spread even higher. It is also shown that initial condition differences much smaller than current analysis error can ultimately control whether or not a tropical cyclone forms. Furthermore, even smaller differences govern how the initial vortex is built. Differences in maximum winds and/or vorticity vary nonlinearly with initial condition differences and depend on the timing and intensity of small mesoscale features such as VHTs and cold pools. Finally, the strong sensitivity to initial condition differences in both cases exemplifies the inherent uncertainties in hurricane intensity prediction. This study illustrates the need for implementing advanced data analysis schemes and ensemble prediction systems to provide more accurate and event-dependent probabilistic forecasts.

Sippel, Jason A.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Effect of Land–Atmosphere Interactions on the IHOP 24–25 May 2002 Convection Case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations are conducted using the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) to investigate the impact of land–vegetation processes on the prediction of mesoscale convection observed on 24–25 May 2002 during the ...

Teddy R. Holt; Dev Niyogi; Fei Chen; Kevin Manning; Margaret A. LeMone; Aneela Qureshi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Numerical Simulation of Organized Convection. Part I: Model Description and Preliminary Comparisons with Squall Line Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model designed for the simulations of mesoscale flows perturbed by deep convective clouds is discussed. It is based on the time dependent coupling between a three-dimensional nonhydrostatic mesoscale model and a quasi-one-dimensional ...

Yves Pointin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A General Framework for Convective Trigger Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general framework for the trigger function used in convective parameterization routines in mesoscale models is proposed. The framework is based on the diagnosis of the accessibility of potential buoyant energy. Specifically, the trigger ...

Robert F. Rogers; J. M. Fritsch

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Urban Aerosol Impacts on Downwind Convective Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of urban-enhanced aerosol concentrations on convective storm development and precipitation over and downwind of St. Louis, Missouri, are investigated. This is achieved through the use of a cloud-resolving mesoscale model, in which ...

Susan C. van den Heever; William R. Cotton

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Parameterization of Convective Effects on the Momentum and Vorticity Budgets of Synoptic-Scale Atlantic Tropical Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic budgets of an average synoptic-scale wave have been made by Stevens (1979) from GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment Phase III B- and A/B-scale data composited by Thompson et al. (1979). In the present study the apparent sources of momentum ...

Lloyd J. Shapiro; Duane E. Stevens

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Convective Contribution to the Genesis of Hurricane Ophelia (2005)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The convection occurring in the tropical depression that became Hurricane Ophelia (2005) was investigated just prior to tropical storm formation. Doppler radar showed a deep, wide, intense convective cell of a type that has been previously ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.; Wen-Chau Lee; Michael M. Bell

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A climatology of springtime convection systems over the Northwest Gulf of Mexico and adjacent coasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Springtime (March 15-June 15) climatology of Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCS) has been established on the basis of satellite imagery and radar reflectivities over the Northwest Gulf of Mexico and adjacent coastal areas during 1985-1994. The systems are tracked using hourly to half-hourly GOES-7 enhanced infrared satellite imagery. After tracking the storm's upper level cloud shield, radar reflectivities were used to classify the organization of convection within the MCS. The nine primary classes of convective structure were enhanced stratiform rain, embedded unorganized storms, unorganized storms, organized cells, solid line, symmetric line, asymmetric line, multiple convective bands, and embedded line. An examination was performed of the relationship between the synoptic-scale environment with the structure and evolution of these storms. Particular attention was given to synoptic-scale factors that affect convective organization. Climatological attributes such as diurnal characteristics and average durations were extracted from a documentation of more than 3@O meso-systems. Also, severe weather produced by the MCSs was examined. In addition, wind shear and thermodynamic parameters were analyzed during the initial phases of storm development. Since a climatological study has never been recorded for this region, the analysis will be informative for determining what type of interactions there are between synoptic scale forcing and mesoscale weather features in this area. Comparison with similar climatologies conducted in the Central Plains of the US was made to determine if MCS activity in a semi-tropical location was similar to that in more northern latitudes. Moreover, this radar climatology may be used as a resource in the planning of field experiments or operations concerning mesoscale weather throughout the southern portion of the US.

Hashem, Magda Sami

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

ARM tropical pacific experiment (ATPEX): Role of cloud, water vapor and convection feedbacks in the coupled ocean/atmosphere system  

SciTech Connect

We have initiated studies that include radiation model validation, improved treatment of the three-dimensional structure of cloud-radiation interactions, and sensitivity runs that will unravel the role of cloud-convection-radiation interactions in the Pacific Sear Surface Temperatures and the overlying Walker and Hadley circulation. The research program is divided into three phases: (1) radiation, (2) cloud parameterization issues; (3) feedback and ocean-atmosphere interactions.

Ramanathan, V.; Barnett, T.P.

1992-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

391

A Numerical Study of the Effect of Dissipative Heating on Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of dissipative heating on tropical cyclone (TC) intensity forecasts is investigated using the U.S. Navy’s operational mesoscale model (the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System). A physically consistent method of ...

Yi Jin; William T. Thompson; Shouping Wang; Chi-Sann Liou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Impact of Large-Scale Forcing on Skill of Simulated Convective Initiation and Upscale Evolution with Convection-Allowing Grid Spacings in the WRF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) was simulated using the Weather Research and Forecasting model with 3-km grid spacing to investigate the skill at predicting convective initiation and upscale evolution into an MCS. Precipitation was ...

Jeffrey D. Duda; William A. Gallus Jr.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Mesoscale Momentum Budget in a Midlatitude Squall Line: A Numerical Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A meso?-scale momentum budget and its effect on larger-scale mean flow in a midlatitude mesoscale convective system are investigated using a numerical simulation of an intense squall line that occurred during 10–11 June 1985 PRE-STORM. It is ...

Kun Gao; Da-Lin Zhang; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Han-Ru Cho

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

On the Use of Mesoscale and Cloud-Scale Models in Operational Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the near future, the technological capability will be available to use mesoscale and cloud-scale numerical models for forecasting convective weather in operational meteorology. We address some of the issues concerning effective utilization of ...

Harold E. Brooks; Charles A. Doswell III; Robert A. Maddox

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Mesoscale Generation of Available Potential Energy in the Warm Sector of an Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generation of available potential energy (APE) is computed for the warm sector of an extratropical cyclone containing intense convection. Three hourly mesoscale rawinsonde data from the 10–11 April day of AVESESAME 1979 are used to evaluate ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; Mark G. Ruminski; David O'C. Starr

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Formation of Mesoscale Lines of Pirecipitation: Severe Squall Lines in Oklahoma during the Spring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four distinct kinds of severe, mesoscale convective-line development are identified in Oklahoma during the spring based on the analysis of an 11-year period of reflectivity data from the National Severe Storms Laboratory's 10-cm radar in Norman, ...

Howard B. Bluestein; Michael H. Jain

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A Mesoscale Gravity Wave Event Observed during CCOPE. Part III: Wave Environment and Probable Source Mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic and special mesoscale observations taken during the Cooperative Convective Precipitation Experiment (CCOPE) are used to describe the multiscale environment of a gravity wave event, understand the wave-environment interactions that led to ...

Steven E. Koch; Paul B. Dorian

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mesoscale Model Simulations of Three Heavy Precipitation Events in the Western Mediterranean Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale numerical model with parameterized moist convection is applied to three cases involving heavy rainfall in the western Mediterranean region. Forecast precipitation fields, although not perfect when compared to the observations of ...

Romualdo Romero; Clemente Ramis; Sergio Alonso; Charles A. Doswell III; David J. Stensrud

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Vertical Moistening by AMMA Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The apparent heat source Q1 and the apparent moisture sink Q2 are crucial parameters for precipitating systems studies because they allow for the evaluation of their contribution in water and energy transport and infer some of the mechanisms that ...

G. Scialom; Y. Lemaître

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Convectively Coupled Waves in a Sheared Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear stability analysis, about a radiative–convective equilibrium in a sheared environment, on an equatorial beta plane, for a simple multicloud model for organized tropical convection is presented here. Both vertical/baroclinic and ...

Ying Han; Boualem Khouider

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A Model for Transport across the Tropical Tropopause  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of convective and advective transport across the tropical tropopause is described. In this model overshooting convective turrets inject dehydrated tropospheric air into a tropical “tropopause layer” (TTL) bounded approximately by the 50- ...

Steven C. Sherwood; Andrew E. Dessler

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Convection Initiation along Soil Moisture Boundaries in the Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boundaries between two dissimilar air masses have been shown to be the focus region for convection initiation. One feature that has been shown to create these boundaries, as well as mesoscale circulation patterns conducive for convection, is soil ...

John D. Frye; Thomas L. Mote

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A Method to Identify Convective Cells within Multicell Thunderstorms from Multiple Doppler Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective cell identification methods, besides their operational utility, are useful to identify cells, to understand cell interactions within multicell thunderstorms, and to distinguish between convective and stratiform regions within mesoscale ...

James R. Stalker; Kevin R. Knupp

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Influence of Balanced Motions on Heavy Precipitation within a Long-Lived Convectively Generated Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forcing of heavy precipitation within a long-lived convectively generated mesoscale vortex (MCV) is investigated with the aid of diagnoses from Rapid Update Cycle gridded analyses. Organized convection within the MCV followed a distinct ...

Stanley B. Trier; Christopher A. Davis

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within the ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Structure and evolution of a convective band MCS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The structure and evolution of the synoptic, mesoscale, and lightning characteristics of the 5 May 1993 non-squall line Mesoscale Convective System has been described. This storm was a long-lived Mesoscale Convective Complex. Its formation was influenced by strong low-level warm advection, weak vorticity advection, and weak vertical. wind shear. Its dissipation occurred as the storm encountered a more stable air mass which may have been influenced by storm induced subsidence. The cyclonic mesoscale circulation of the Mesoscale Convective Complex apparently aided in the formation of new lines of convection behind the primary convective line of the system. This process was repeated twice in the storm life cycle and led to multiple bands of convection. Indeed, this storm had three main lines: the leading line, the trailing one, and the small line near the center of the vortex. As the new lines formed, the vertical transport of momentum disrupted the symmetry of the mesovortex. However, as the line propagated eastward away from the vortex, the symmetric cyclonic circulation re-established itself. This Mesoscale Convective Complex produced flash rates in excess of 1000 h-I for twenty-four consecutive hours. The percentage of positive polarity flashes was higher during the formative and dissipating stages of the storm system. Positive flashes were also enhanced during mergers between convective bands. The flash locations during the mature stage of this storm suggest a bipolar pattern.

Valdes-Manzanilla, Arturo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Radar and Electrical Study of Tropical “Hot Towers”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar and electrical measurements for deep tropical convection are examined for both “break period” and “monsoonal” regimes in the vicinity of Darwin, Australia. Break period convection consists primarily of deep continental convection, whereas ...

E. R. Williams; S. G. Geotis; N. Renno; S. A. Rutledge; E. Rasmussen; T. Rickenbach

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Association of Tropical Cirrus in the 10–15-km Layer with Deep Convective Sources: An Observational Study Combining Millimeter Radar Data and Satellite-Derived Trajectories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) and Geosynchronous Meteorological Satellite (GMS) data are combined to study the properties of tropical cirrus that are common in the 10–15-km layer of the tropical troposphere in the western Pacific. ...

Gerald G. Mace; Min Deng; Brian Soden; Ed Zipser

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Prediction and Diagnosis of Tropical Cyclone Formation in an NWP System. Part I: The Critical Role of Vortex Enhancement in Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first of a three-part investigation into tropical cyclone (TC) genesis in the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s Tropical Cyclone Limited Area Prediction System (TC-LAPS), an operational numerical weather prediction (NWP) forecast ...

K. J. Tory; M. T. Montgomery; N. E. Davidson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Ten Years of Measurements of Tropical Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor by MOZAIC. Part I: Climatology, Variability, Transport, and Relation to Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ten years (1994–2004) of measurements of tropical upper-tropospheric water vapor (UTWV) by the Measurement of Ozone and Water Vapor by Airbus In-Service Aircraft (MOZAIC) are investigated over three regions—the tropical Atlantic, tropical Africa, ...

Zhengzhao Luo; Dieter Kley; Richard H. Johnson; Herman Smit

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Temperature and Salinity Variability in Heterogeneous Oceanic Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In regions of active oceanic convection, such as the Labrador Sea, small- and mesoscale spatial variability is observed in the temperature and salinity fields (T and S). Often T and S structures are “density-compensated,” with the density ...

Sonya Legg; James C. McWilliams

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Representing Convective Organization in Prediction Models by a Hybrid Strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale organization of precipitating convection is highly relevant to next-generation global numerical weather prediction models, which will have an intermediate horizontal resolution (grid spacing about 10 km). A primary issue is how to ...

Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Changhai Liu

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The AROME-France Convective-Scale Operational Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After six years of scientific, technical developments and meteorological validation, the Application of Research to Operations at Mesoscale (AROME-France) convective-scale model became operational at Météo-France at the end of 2008. This paper ...

Y. Seity; P. Brousseau; S. Malardel; G. Hello; P. Bénard; F. Bouttier; C. Lac; V. Masson

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Impact of Stochastic Physics in a Convection-Permitting Ensemble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A stochastic physics scheme is tested in the Application of Research to Operations at Mesoscale (AROME) short-range convection-permitting ensemble prediction system. It is an adaptation of ECMWF’s stochastic perturbation of physics tendencies (...

François Bouttier; Benoît Vié; Olivier Nuissier; Laure Raynaud

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The Role of Convective Instability in an Oklahoma Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous investigations of the 8 June 1966 National Severe Storms Laboratory case show that mesoscale lift from an “inland sea breeze” due to a newly formed temperature gradient preceded convection. Using additional surface data, this case was ...

Frank P. Colby Jr.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Vertical Profile of Radar Reflectivity of Convective Cells: A Strong Indicator of Storm Intensity and Lightning Probability?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reflectivity data from Doppler radars are used to construct vertical profiles of radar reflectivity (VPRR) of convective cells in mesoscale convective systems (MCSS) in three different environmental regimes. The National Center for Atmospheric ...

Edward J. Zipser; Kurt R. Lutz

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A Texture-Polarization Method for Estimating Convective–Stratiform Precipitation Area Coverage from Passive Microwave Radiometer Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational and modeling studies have revealed the relationships between convective–stratiform rain proportion and the vertical distributions of vertical motion, latent heating, and moistening in mesoscale convective systems. Therefore, remote ...

William S. Olson; Ye Hong; Christian D. Kummerow; Joseph Turk

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

The Impact of Ice Phase Cloud Parameterizations on Tropical Cyclone Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of ice phase cloud microphysical processes on prediction of tropical cyclone environment is examined for two microphysical parameterizations using the Coupled Ocean / Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System –Tropical Cyclone model. An ...

Yi Jin; Shouping Wang; Jason Nachamkin; James D. Doyle; Gregory Thompson; Louis Grasso; Teddy Holt; Jon Moskaitis; Hao Jin; Richard M. Hodur; Qingyun Zhao; Ming Liu; Mark DeMaria

420

Numerical Investigations on the Formation of Tropical Storm Debby during NAMMA-06  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale model forecasts were carried out beginning at 0000 UTC 19 August for simulating Tropical Disturbance 4, which was named Tropical Storm Debby on 22 August 2006. The Weather Research and Forecasting model, with 25-km grid spacing and an ...

Sen Chiao; Gregory S. Jenkins

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Multifunctional Mesoscale Observing Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 120 scientists, engineers, administrators, and users met on 8–10 December 2003 in a workshop format to discuss the needs for enhanced three-dimensional mesoscale observing networks. Improved networks are seen as being critical to ...

Walter F. Dabberdt; Thomas W. Schlatter; Frederick H. Carr; Elbert W. Joe Friday; David Jorgensen; Steven Koch; Maria Pirone; F. Martin Ralph; Juanzhen Sun; Patrick Welsh; James W. Wilson; Xiaolei Zou

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Polarization diversity for millimeter space-borne Doppler radars: an answer for observing deep convection?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spaceborne Doppler radars have the potential to provide key missing observations of convective vertical air motions especially over the tropical oceans. Such measurements can improve our understanding of the role of tropical convection in vertical ...

Alessandro Battaglia; Simone Tanelli; Pavlos Kollias

423

The impact of agricultural intensification and irrigation on landatmosphere interactions and Indian monsoon precipitation --A mesoscale modeling perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Indian monsoon precipitation -- A mesoscale modeling perspective E.M. Douglas a, , A. Beltrán-Przekurat b: irrigation Indian monsoon Regional Atmospheric Modeling System agriculture Land Use Land Cover Change Using convergence, mesoscale convection, and precipitation patterns over the Indian monsoon region. Four experiments

Niyogi, Dev

424

The impact of agricultural intensification and irrigation on landatmosphere interactions and Indian monsoon precipitation --A mesoscale modeling perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Indian monsoon precipitation -- A mesoscale modeling perspective E.M. Douglas a, , A. Beltrán-Przekurat b Keywords: irrigation Indian monsoon Regional Atmospheric Modeling System agriculture Land Use Land Cover and regional convergence, mesoscale convection, and precipitation patterns over the Indian monsoon region. Four

Douglas, Ellen M.

425

An Intense, Quasi-Steady Thunderstorm over Mountainous Terrain. Part I: Evolution of the Storm-Initiating Mesoscale Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed, multisensor case study of mesoscale convective storms occurring in summer over the central and eastern Colorado Rockies is presented. This case study uses data obtained during the 1977 South Park Area Cumulus Experiment (SPACE) from ...

W. R. Cotton; R. L. George; K. R. Knupp

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A Mesoscale Gravity-Wave Event Observed during CCOPE. Part IV: Stability Analysis and Doppler-derived Wave Vertical Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a detailed study from the Cooperative Convective Precipitation Experiment (CCOPE) of the vertical structure of mesoscale gravity waves that disturbed a sizable part of the troposphere and that played a ...

Steven E. Koch; F. Einaudi; Paul B. Dorian; Stephen Lang; Gerald M. Heymsfield

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Assessing Advances in the Assimilation of Radar Data and Other Mesoscale Observations within a Collaborative Forecasting–Research Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of assimilating radar data and other mesoscale observations in real-time, convection-allowing model forecasts were evaluated during the spring seasons of 2008 and 2009 as part of the Hazardous Weather Test Bed Spring Experiment ...

John S. Kain; Ming Xue; Michael C. Coniglio; Steven J. Weiss; Fanyou Kong; Tara L. Jensen; Barbara G. Brown; Jidong Gao; Keith Brewster; Kevin W. Thomas; Yunheng Wang; Craig S. Schwartz; Jason J. Levit

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Effect of Tropical Waves on the Tropical Tropopause Transition Layer Upwelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An initial-value problem is employed with a GCM to investigate the role of the convectively driven Rossby and Kelvin waves for tropopause transition layer (TTL) upwelling in the tropics. The convective heating is mimicked with a prescribed ...

Jung-Hee Ryu; Sukyoung Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

An Objective Algorithm for Detecting and Tracking Tropical Cloud Clusters: Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm to detect and track global tropical cloud clusters (TCCs) is presented. TCCs are organized large areas of convection that form over warm tropical waters. TCCs are important because they are the “seedlings” that can evolve into ...

Christopher C. Hennon; Charles N. Helms; Kenneth R. Knapp; Amanda R. Bowen

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Characterization of Momentum Transport Associated with Organized Moist Convection and Gravity Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical convection is inherently multiscalar, involving complex fields of clouds and various regimes of convective organization ranging from small disorganized cumulus up to large organized convective clusters. In addition to being a crucial ...

Todd P. Lane; Mitchell W. Moncrieff

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Orogenic Convection in Subtropical South America as Seen by the TRMM Satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme orogenic convective storms in southeastern South America are divided into three categories: storms with deep convective cores, storms with wide convective cores, and storms containing broad stratiform regions. Data from the Tropical ...

Kristen L. Rasmussen; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Importance of Three Physical Processes in a Minimal Three-Dimensional Tropical Cyclone Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The minimal three-dimensional tropical cyclone model developed by Zhu et al. is used to explore the role of shallow convection, precipitation-cooled downdrafts, and the vertical transport of momentum by deep convection on the dynamics of tropical ...

Hongyan Zhu; Roger K. Smith

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Structure and Evolution of Winter Cyclones in the Central United States and Their Effects on the Distribution of Precipitation. Part VI: A Mesoscale Modeling Study of the Initiation of Convective Rainbands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cyclonic storm that moved over the central United States on 8–9 March 1992 developed two convective rainbands, namely, a pre–dry trough rainband and a cold front aloft (CFA) rainband. This study extends the results of previous investigations of ...

Mark T. Stoelinga; John D. Locatelli; Peter V. Hobbs

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Regulation of Moist Convection over the West Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanisms that regulate moist convection over the warm tropical oceans are not well understood. One school of thought holds that convection is caused by the convergence of moisture, which in turn is produced by an independent dynamical ...

David J. Raymond

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Resonant Response of Deep Convection to Surface Hot Spots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations show substantial variations of the intensity of tropical and/or summertime deep convection on land that are not explained by standard measures of convective instability. One feature that distinguishes land surfaces is their ...

F. J. Robinson; S. C. Sherwood; Y. Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Physics of Greenhouse Effect and Convection in Warm Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) in roughly 50% of the tropical Pacific Ocean is warm enough (SST > 300 K) to permit deep convection. This paper examines the effects of deep convection on the climatological mean vertical distributions of water vapor ...

A. K. Inamdar; V. Ramanathan

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Environmental Influences on the Strength of Tropical Storm Debby (2006)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses mesoscale ensemble forecasts to compare the magnitude of nonaerosol effects of the Saharan air layer (SAL) with other environmental influences on the intensity of Tropical Storm Debby. Debby was a weak Cape Verde storm that ...

Jason A. Sippel; Scott A. Braun; Chung-Lin Shie

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Analysis of Convection and Its Association with African Easterly Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The association between convection and African easterly wave (AEW) activity over tropical Africa and the tropical Atlantic during the boreal summer is examined using satellite brightness temperature (TB) and ECMWF reanalysis datasets. Spectral ...

Ademe Mekonnen; Chris D. Thorncroft; Anantha R. Aiyyer

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Microphysical Observations of Tropical Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results from airborne in situ sampling of convective tropical storms in the Amazon and Kwajalein are presented. Three cases from the Amazon and two from Kwajalein are compared and provide examples of the much larger dataset that was obtained ...

Jeffrey L. Stith; James E. Dye; Aaron Bansemer; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Cedric A. Grainger; Walter A. Petersen; Robert Cifelli

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

COPT 81: A Field Experiment Designed for the Study of Dynamics and Electrical Activity of Deep Convection in Continental Tropical Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During May and June 1981 several French research organizations, the University of Abidjan (Ivory coast) and the Agency for security of Aeronautical Navigation (ASECNA), participated in the observational field program called “Convection Profonde ...

Gilles Sommeria; J. Testud

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Heat, Moisture, and Momentum Budgets of Isolated Deep Midlatitude and Tropical Convective Clouds as Diagnosed from Three-Dimensional Model Output. Part I: Control Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project uses a three-dimensional anelastic cloud model with a simple ice phase parameterization to evaluate the feedback between isolated deep convective clouds and their near surroundings. The horizontal Reynolds averaging approach of ...

Robert E. Schlesinger

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Generation and Propagation of a Nocturnal Squall Line. Part I: Observations and Implications for Mesoscale Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initiation and forcing of a squall line on 26–27 May 1985 near Wichita, Kansas is examined. The squall line is secondary convection in the sense that it is preceded in the diurnal cycle by other mesoscale convective systems. The squall fine ...

R. E. Carbone; J. W. Conway; N. A. Crook; M. W. Moncrieff

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Environmental Conditions Prior to Formation of a Midget Tropical Cyclone during TCM-93  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During a 10-day period in the Tropical Cyclone Motion (TCM-93) field experiment over the tropical western North Pacific, tropical cyclone formation occurred in association with persistent deep convection that was observed over low-level, north-...

Patrick A. Harr; Michael S. Kalafsky; Russell L. Elsberry

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Mesoscale hybrid calibration artifact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mesoscale calibration artifact, also called a hybrid artifact, suitable for hybrid dimensional measurement and the method for make the artifact. The hybrid artifact has structural characteristics that make it suitable for dimensional measurement in both vision-based systems and touch-probe-based systems. The hybrid artifact employs the intersection of bulk-micromachined planes to fabricate edges that are sharp to the nanometer level and intersecting planes with crystal-lattice-defined angles.

Tran, Hy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Claudet, Andre A. (Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Andrew D. (Waltham, MA)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

445

Soil Moisture Impacts on Convective Margins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized prototype for the location of the margins of tropical land region convection zones is extended to incorporate the effects of soil moisture and associated evaporation. The effect of evaporation, integrated over the inflow trajectory ...

Benjamin R. Lintner; J. David Neelin

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Influence of Tropical heating Displacements on the Extratropical Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hypothesis is advanced that a latitudinal shift in the tropical convective heating pattern can significantly alter temperatures in the extratropics. Results of a simplified GCM show that the shift of a prescribed tropical heating toward the ...

Arthur Y. Hou

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

On the Wave Spectrum Generated by Tropical Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective heating profiles are computed from one month of rainfall rate and cloud-top height measurements using global Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission and infrared cloud-top products. Estimates of the tropical wave response to this heating ...

David A. Ortland; M. Joan Alexander; Alison W. Grimsdell

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Intraseasonal Behavior of Clouds, Temperature, and Motion in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spectral character of tropical convection is investigated in an 11-yr record of outgoing longwave radiation from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer to identify interaction with the tropical circulation. Along the equator in the ...

Murry L. Salby; Harry H. Hendon

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Bowing Convective Systems in a Popular Operational Model: Are They for Real?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bowing, propagating precipitation features that sometimes appear in NCEP's North American Mesoscale model (NAM; formerly called the Eta Model) forecasts are examined. These features are shown to be associated with an unusual convective heating ...

Melissa S. Bukovsky; John S. Kain; Michael E. Baldwin

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A One-Dimensional Entraining/Detraining Plume Model and Its Application in Convective Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new one-dimensional cloud model, specifically designed for application in mesoscale convective parameterization schemes (CPSs), is introduced. The model is unique in its representation of environmental entrainment and updraft detrainment rates. ...

John S. Kain; J. Michael Fritsch

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

An Analysis of Convective System on a 100-km Scale during GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usig data on a 100 km-scale from Phase III of GATE, the kinematic and thermodynamic, properties of the mesoscale environment in which convective clouds of varying intensities exist are investigated. Classifications into disturbed and suppressed ...

R. P. Pearce; J. Bayo Omotosho

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Convective Evolution across Lake Michigan during a Widespread Lake-Effect Snow Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lake-effect snowstorms generally develop within convective boundary layers, which are induced when cold air flows over relatively warm lakes in fall and winter. Mesoscale circulations within the boundary layers largely control which communities ...

David A. R. Kristovich; Neil F. Laird; Mark R. Hjelmfelt

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Radar Observations of the Diurnally Forced Offshore Convective Lines along the Southeastern Coast of Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study documents offshore convective lines along the southeastern coast of Taiwan, a frequent but poorly understood mesoscale phenomenon that influences coastal weather during the Taiwan mei-yu season. Doppler radar and surface observations ...

Cheng-Ku Yu; Ben Jong-Dao Jou

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The 8 May 2009 Superderecho: Analysis of a Real-Time Explicit Convective Forecast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Herein, an analysis of a 3-km explicit convective simulation of an unusually intense bow echo and associated mesoscale vortex that were responsible for producing an extensive swath of high winds across Kansas, southern Missouri, and southern ...

Morris L. Weisman; Clark Evans; Lance Bosart

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Initiation of Moist Convection at the Dryline: Forecasting Issues from aCase Study Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The processes that force the initiation of deep convection along the dryline are inferred from special mesoscale observations obtained during the 1991 Central Oklahoma Profiler Studies project, the Verification of the Origins of Rotation in ...

Conrad L. Ziegler; Erik N. Rasmussen

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Retrieved Thermodynamic Structure of a Subtropical, Orographically Influenced, Quasi-Stationary Convective Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne Doppler radar and flight-level measurements were used to document the three-dimensional thermodynamic structure of a convective line that developed off the southeastern coast of Taiwan on 16 June 1987 during the Taiwan Area Mesoscale ...

Cheng-Ku Yu; Ben Jong-Dao Jou; David P. Jorgensen

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The Diurnal Interaction Between Convection and Peninsular-Scale Forcing Over South Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface wind measurements taken during the summers of 1973 and 1975 in the Florida Area Cumulus Experiments (FACE) fine-mesh networks are used to calculate surface divergence on the convective scale and mesoscale.

H. J. Cooper; M. Garstang; J. Simpson

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

ARM tropical pacific experiment (ATPEX): Role of cloud, water vapor and convection feedbacks in the coupled ocean/atmosphere system. Progress report, September 1, 1991--August 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

We have initiated studies that include radiation model validation, improved treatment of the three-dimensional structure of cloud-radiation interactions, and sensitivity runs that will unravel the role of cloud-convection-radiation interactions in the Pacific Sear Surface Temperatures and the overlying Walker and Hadley circulation. The research program is divided into three phases: (1) radiation, (2) cloud parameterization issues; (3) feedback and ocean-atmosphere interactions.

Ramanathan, V.; Barnett, T.P.

1992-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Wake Uw in a Midlatitude Mesoseale Convective System Having Complex Convective Organintion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis has been carried out of the surface pressure field in a highly complex mesoscale convective system that occurred on 3-4 June 1985 during the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Expeximent for STORM-Central (OK PRE-STORM). During its ...

Gregory J. Stumpf; Richard H. Johnson; Bradley F. Smull

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

A transilient matrix for moist convection  

SciTech Connect

A method is introduced for diagnosing a transilient matrix for moist convection. This transilient matrix quantifies the nonlocal transport of air by convective eddies: for every height z, it gives the distribution of starting heights z{prime} for the eddies that arrive at z. In a cloud-resolving simulation of deep convection, the transilient matrix shows that two-thirds of the subcloud air convecting into the free troposphere originates from within 100 m of the surface. This finding clarifies which initial height to use when calculating convective available potential energy from soundings of the tropical troposphere.

Romps, D.; Kuang, Z.

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical mesoscale convective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Characteristics of Strong Updrafts in Precipitation Systems over the Central Tropical Pacific Ocean and in the Amazon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne in situ measurements of updrafts in tropical convective storms were analyzed to determine the similarities and differences between updrafts in a tropical continental and a tropical oceanic region. Two hundred fifteen updraft cores from ...

Nicholas F. Anderson; Cedric A. Grainger; Jeffrey L. Stith

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Role of Clouds, Water Vapor, Circulation, and Boundary Layer Structure in the Sensitivity of the Tropical Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical mechanisms that affect the tropical sea surface temperature (SST) are investigated using a two-box equilibrium model of the Tropics. One box represents the convecting, warm SST, high humidity region of the Tropics, and the other box ...

Kristin Larson; Dennis L. Hartmann; Stephen A. Klein

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Detecting Source Regions of Wave Activities in the Tropical Atmosphere by Applying Beamforming to Interpolated Data Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave activities are primary sources of weather disturbances and cyclones in the tropical atmosphere. One such activity is the intraseasonal variations in wind, convection, and precipitation in the tropical Indian and western tropical Pacific ...

Qi Hu; Zhaoning Liang; Michael W. Hoffman

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Comparison of Simulated and Observed Continental Tropical Anvil Clouds and Their Radiative Heating Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically pointing millimeter-wavelength radar observations of anvil clouds extending from mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that pass over an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) field site in Niamey, Niger, are compared to anvil ...

Scott W. Powell; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Anil Kumar; Sally A. McFarlane

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Sensitivity of Tropical West Pacific Oceanic Squall Lines to Tropospheric Wind and Moisture Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two-dimensional experiments using the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model are performed in order to examine the influence of environmental profiles of wind and humidity on the dynamical and microphysical structure of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs)...

Christopher Lucas; Edward J. Zipser; Brad S. Ferrier

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. J.destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years.Distribution in Tropical Cyclones Using the Tropical

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. J.destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years.Distribution in Tropical Cyclones Using the Tropical

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Multichannel Microwave Radiometric Observations at Saipan during the 1990 Tropical Cyclone Motion Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To estimate mesoscale variations in integrated water vapor, cloud liquid water, and temperature in a tropical region, multiwavelength microwave radiometric observations were carried out over a seven-week period on the island of Saipan during the ...

Yong Han; Dennis W. Thomson

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Simulations of the Transformation Stage of the Extratropical Transition of Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical mechanisms associated with the transformation stage of the extratropical transition of a tropical cyclone are simulated with a mesoscale model using initial environmental conditions that approximate the mean circulations defined by ...

Elizabeth A. Ritchie; Russell L. Elsberry

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

An Evaluation of the Impact of Horizontal Resolution on Tropical Cyclone Predictions using COAMPS-TC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of experiments have been conducted using the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System – Tropical Cyclone (COAMPS-TC) to assess the impact of horizontal resolution on hurricane intensity prediction for ten Atlantic storms from ...

Hao Jin; Melinda S. Peng; Yi Jin; James D. Doyle

471

Rapid Filamentation Zones in Intense Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intense tropical cyclones often possess relatively little convection around their cores. In radar composites, this surrounding region is usually echo-free or contains light stratiform precipitation. While subsidence is typically quite pronounced ...

Christopher M. Rozoff; Wayne H. Schubert; Brian D. McNoldy; James P. Kossin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Satellite-Model Coupled Analysis of Convective Potential in Florida with VAS Water Vapor and Surface Temperature Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system for time-continuous mesoscale weather analysis is applied to a study of convective cloud development in central Florida. The analysis system incorporates water vapor concentrations and surface temperatures retrieved from infrared VISSR (...

Alan E. Lipton; George D. Modica; Scot T. Heckman; Arthur J. Jackson

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Radar Observations of Convective System Variability in Relationship to African Easterly Waves during the 2006 AMMA Special Observing Period  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A radar-based analysis of the structure, motion, and rainfall variability of westward-propagating squall-line mesoscale convective systems (SLMCSs) in Niamey, Niger, during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Activities ...

Williams, Earle R.

474

ER-2 Doppler Radar Investigations of the Eyewall of Hurricane Bonnie during the Convection and Moisture Experiment-3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A persistent, mesoscale region of intense eyewall convection contained within Hurricane Bonnie on 23 August 1998 is examined from multiple observations synthesized from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ER-2 and DC-8 aircraft. The ...

Gerald M. Heymsfield; Jeffrey B. Halverson; Joanne Simpson; Lin Tian; T. Paul Bui

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

An Analysis of Vortices Embedded within a Quasi-Linear Convective System Using X-Band Polarimetric Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 April 2010, a developing quasi-linear convective system (QLCS) moved rapidly northeastward through central Oklahoma spawning at least three intense, mesoscale vortices. At least two of these vortices caused damage rated as category 0 to 1 on ...

Vivek N. Mahale; Jerald A. Brotzge; Howard B. Bluestein

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Radar Observations of Convective System Variability in Relationship to African Easterly Waves during the 2006 AMMA Special Observing Period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radar-based analysis of the structure, motion, and rainfall variability of westward-propagating squall-line mesoscale convective systems (SLMCSs) in Niamey, Niger, during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Activities (AMMA) 2006 special ...

Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Thomas Rickenbach; Nick Guy; Earle Williams

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Sensitivity of Orographic Moist Convection to Landscape Variability: A Study of the Buffalo Creek, Colorado, Flash Flood Case of 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of numerical experiments with a high-resolution mesoscale model were conducted to study the convective rainfall event that caused the 1996 Buffalo Creek, Colorado, flash flood. Different surface conditions and treatments of land surface ...

Fei Chen; Thomas T. Warner; Kevin Manning

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Formation of the Convective Lines off the Mountainous Coast of Southeastern Taiwan: A Case Study of 3 January 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective lines frequently occurring off the mountainous coast of southeastern Taiwan under weakly synoptically forced weather conditions are one of the most well-known mesoscale phenomena in Taiwan. These lines usually develop close to the ...

Cheng-Ku Yu; Ying-Hsun Hsieh

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Characteristics of Vertical Velocity Cores in Different Convective Systems Observed over Gadanki, India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Indian mesosphere–stratosphere–troposphere (MST) radar measurements during the passage of 60 convective systems are used to study the vertical air velocity (w) characteristics of tropical convection. The up- and downdraft cores and various ...

K. N. Uma; T. Narayana Rao

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Convective Forcing Fluctuations in a Cloud-Resolving Model: Relevance to the Stochastic Parameterization Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulations spanning a large part of the tropical atmosphere are used to evaluate the extent to which deterministic convective parameterizations fail to capture the statistical fluctuations in deep-convective ...

G. J. Shutts; T. N. Palmer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Mesoscale Computational Materials Science - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... Symposium, Mesoscale Computational Materials Science of Energy Materials. Sponsorship ... materials for advanced batteries and fuel cells

482

The residual mean circulation in the tropical tropopause layer driven by tropical waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use latent heating estimates derived from rainfall observations to construct model experiments that isolate equatorial waves forced by tropical convection from mid-latitude synoptic-scale waves. These experiments are used to demonstrate that ...

David A. Ortland; M. Joan Alexander

483

Acoustic Characterization of Mesoscale Objects  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the science and engineering performed to provide state-of-the-art acoustic capabilities for nondestructively characterizing mesoscale (millimeter-sized) objects--allowing micrometer resolution over the objects entire volume. Materials and structures used in mesoscale objects necessitate the use of (1) GHz acoustic frequencies and (2) non-contacting laser generation and detection of acoustic waves. This effort demonstrated that acoustic methods at gigahertz frequencies have the necessary penetration depth and spatial resolution to effectively detect density discontinuities, gaps, and delaminations. A prototype laser-based ultrasonic system was designed and built. The system uses a micro-chip laser for excitation of broadband ultrasonic waves with frequency components reaching 1.0 GHz, and a path-stabilized Michelson interferometer for detection. The proof-of-concept for mesoscale characterization is demonstrated by imaging a micro-fabricated etched pattern in a 70 {micro}m thick silicon wafer.

Chinn, D; Huber, R; Chambers, D; Cole, G; Balogun, O; Spicer, J; Murray, T

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Australian monsoon and its mesoscale convective systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 1987 Australian monsoon was observed with satellites, rawinsondes, radar and aircraft. These data are presented, with theory filling the gaps, in illustration of its… (more)

Mapes, Brian, 1964-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Posters Mesoscale Simulations of Convective Systems with Data...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to simulate this period on a 60-km domain with 20- and 6.67-km nests centered on Lamont, Oklahoma. Simu- lations are being run with data assimilated by the nudging technique (Kuo...

486

Projection of Tropical Cyclones on Wavenumber–Frequency-Filtered Equatorial Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of localized convection associated with tropical cyclones (TCs) on activity ascribed to equatorial waves is estimated. An algorithm is used to remove outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) signal in the vicinity of observed tropical cyclones,...

Anantha Aiyyer; Ademe Mekonnen; Carl J. Schreck III

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Necessary Conditions for Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification as Derived from 11 Years of TRMM Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall and convective properties of tropical cyclones (TCs) are statistically quantified for different TC intensity change categories by using Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data from December 1997 to December 2008. Four 24-h future ...

Haiyan Jiang; Ellen M. Ramirez

488

Radiative Forcing of a Tropical Direct Circulation by Soil Dust Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of soil dust aerosols upon the tropical climate is estimated by forcing a simple model of a tropical direct circulation. The model consists of a region vertically mixed by deep convection and a nonconvecting region, for which budgets ...

R. L. Miller; I. Tegen

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Intraseasonal Oscillations in the Global Atmosphere. Part I: Northern Hemisphere and Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have examined systematically oscillatory modes in the Northern Hemisphere and in the tropics. The 700 mb heights were used to analyze extratropical oscillations, and the outgoing longwave radiation to study tropical oscillations in convection. ...

Michael Ghil; Kingtse Mo

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Development and Tropical Transition of an Alpine Lee Cyclone. Part I: Case Analysis and Evaluation of Numerical Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development and tropical transition (TT) of a subsynoptic-scale cyclone in the Gulf of Genoa during the Mesoscale Alpine Project (MAP) demonstration of probabilistic hydrological and atmospheric simulation of flood events in the alpine region ...

Ron McTaggart-Cowan; Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart; Jason A. Milbrandt

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Interactions of Tropopause Depressions with an Ex–Tropical Cyclone and Sensitivity of Forecasts to Analysis Errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the coupling between an ex–tropical cyclone and two preexisting mesoscale tropopause depressions (TDs). The TDs approached the cyclone from widely separated sources after becoming cut off from different upper-level troughs ...

K. A. Browning; A. J. Thorpe; A. Montani; D. Parsons; M. Griffiths; P. Panagi; E. M. Dicks

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Onset of Convection in the Madden–Julian Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observational study of the onset of convection in the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) was performed. Composites of radiosonde data from the Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set were constructed for an ensemble of tropical stations ...

Susan R. Kemball-Cook; Bryan C. Weare

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Convection-Evaporation Feedback in the Equatorial pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coupling between convection and surface evaporation is investigated to assess the importance of evaporative cooling in regulating the tropical sea surface temperature. It is found that such a coupling is scale dependent. On timescales of ...

Guang Jun Zhang; V. Ramanathan; Michael J. McPhaden

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Wavelet-Compressed Representation of Deep Moist Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The capacity of wavelets to effectively represent atmospheric processes under compression is tested by a dataset generated by a cloud-resolving model simulation of deep convective events observed during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere ...

Jun-Ichi Yano; Peter Bechtold; Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Francoise Guichard

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Overview of the Convection and Moisture Experiment (CAMEX)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the Convection and Moisture Experiment (CAMEX), including the field operations, aircraft platforms and missions, instrumentation, and data acquired during 1998 and 2001 field campaigns. A total of eight tropical ...

Ramesh Kakar; Michael Goodman; Robbie Hood; Anthony Guillory

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Characteristics of Summer Convective Systems Initiated over the Tibetan Plateau. Part I: Origin, Track, Development, and Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summer convective systems (CSs) initiated over the Tibetan Plateau identified by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) deep convection database and associated Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) precipitation for ...

Li Yaodong; Wang Yun; Song Yang; Hu Liang; Gao Shouting; Rong Fu

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Views on Applying RKW Theory: An Illustration Using the 8 May 2009 Derecho-Producing Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents an analysis of the vertical wind shear during the early stages of the remarkable 8 May 2009 central U.S. derecho-producing convective system. Comments on applying Rotunno–Klemp–Weisman (RKW) theory to mesoscale convective ...

Michael C. Coniglio; Stephen F. Corfidi; John S. Kain

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Retrieval of Cloud Water and Water Vapor Contents from Doppler Radar Data in a Tropical Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the retrieval of cloud water and water vapor contents from Doppler radar data. The convective part of a tropical squall line (22 June 1981) observed during the COPT 81 (Convection Profonde Tropicale 1981) West African ...

Danièle Hauser; Paul Amayenc

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Transient Response to Localized Episodic Heating in the Tropics. Part I: Excitation and Short-Time Near-Field Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamical response to localized, unsteady tropical heating is studied in a stochastic framework. Spectral statistics of the random wave response are derived from those of tropical convection using the primitive equations for a spherical ...

Murry L. Salby; Rolando R. Garcia

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Control of the Tropical Tropopause and Vertical Transport across It  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 3D primitive equation model is used to investigate how the tropical tropopause is influenced by cumulus convection in the troposphere and mean upwelling in the stratosphere. The model simulates the residual mean circulation explicitly, whereas ...

Murry Salby; Patrick Callaghan

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z