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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Heat Budget of Tropical Ocean and Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat budget estimates for the global tropics are derived from recent calculations of the oceanic heat budget and satellite measurements of net radiation at the top of the atmosphere. Annual mean heat export from the zone 30°N–30°S amounts to 101 ...

Stefan Hastenrath

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

ARM - Field Campaign - Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsTropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere govCampaignsTropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Exp Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Exp 1992.07.11 - 1993.02.28 Lead Scientist : Chuck Long Data Availability Final data available. For data sets, see below. Summary IOP completed. Description The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA-COARE) was conducted to better understand the structure of the coupled system of the warm pool of the western Pacific Ocean. Hundreds of participants from dozens of countries took part in this experiment from November 1, 1992 through February 28, 1993. Campaign Data Sets

3

Generalized Inversion of Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Data and a Coupled Model of the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is hypothesized that the circulation of the tropical Pacific Ocean and atmosphere satisfies the equations of a simple coupled model to within errors having specified covariances, and that the Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean array (TAO) measures the ...

Andrew F. Bennett; Boon S. Chua; D. Ed Harrison; Michael J. McPhaden

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

An Assessment Of Atmospheric Water Budget Components Over Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Balancing global moisture budgets is a difficult task that is even more challenging at regional scales. Atmospheric water budgets components are investigated within five tropical (15°S, 15°N) ocean regions, including the Indian Ocean, three ...

Paula J. Brown; Christian D. Kummerow

5

A Model of Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model is used to study ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropics. The model ocean consists of the single baroclinic mode of a two-layer ocean. Thermodynamics in the upper layer is highly parameterized. If the interface is sufficiently shallow ...

Julian P. McCreary Jr.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Enhancement of Tropical Ocean Evaporation and Sensible Heat Flux by Atmospheric Mesoscale Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhancement of monthly averaged evaporation by atmospheric mesoscale systems is estimated from long-term hourly observations of surface meteorological data from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) buoy ...

Steven K. Esbensen; Michael J. McPhaden

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Impacts of Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling on Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change and Ocean Prediction in the Australian Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the impact of atmosphere–ocean coupling on predicted tropical cyclone (TC) intensity change and the ocean response in the Australian region. The coupled model comprises the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s Tropical ...

P. A. Sandery; G. B. Brassington; A. Craig; T. Pugh

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Statistical Relations between Ocean/Atmosphere Fluctuations in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced statistical techniques have been used to conduct a study of the relationships between ocean and atmosphere variables in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The results of the study show that the ocean variables can hindcast features of the trade ...

T. P. Barnett

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Tropical Atlantic Decadal Oscillation and Its Potential Impact on the Equatorial Atmosphere–Ocean Dynamics: A Simple Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple coupled atmosphere–ocean models are used to study the potential influence of the tropical Atlantic Ocean decadal oscillation on the equatorial Atlantic atmosphere–ocean dynamics. Perturbing the model tropical Atlantic at the extratropics (...

Sang-Ki Lee; Chunzai Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Slow Instabilities in Tropical Ocean Basin–Global Atmosphere Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of ocean boundaries on instability in coupled ocean-natmosphere models is determined. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors are calculated for coupled systems featuring an ocean basin bounded zonally by a flat continent. The atmosphere is ...

Anthony C. Hirst

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Evolution Dynamics of Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere Annual Cycle Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of ocean-atmosphere annual cycle variability is extracted from the revised Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set SSTs, surface winds, and the latent heat (LH) and net shortwave (SW) surface fluxes using the covariance-based ...

Sumant Nigam; Yi Chao

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Regional Ocean–Atmosphere Model for Eastern Pacific Climate: Toward Reducing Tropical Biases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Pacific Ocean is a climatically important region, home to El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. The simulation of its climate remains a challenge for global coupled ocean–atmosphere models, which suffer large biases especially in ...

Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama; Yuqing Wang; Haiming Xu; Simon P. de Szoeke; R. Justin O. Small; Kelvin J. Richards; Takashi Mochizuki; Toshiyuki Awaji

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Scales of Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Inferred form Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean Buoy Array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The highly temporally resolved time series from the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean moored buoy array are used to evaluate the scales of thermal variability in the upper equatorial Pacific. The TAO array consists of nearly 70 deep-ocean moorings ...

William S. Kessler; M. C. Spillane; Michael J. McPhaden; D. E. Harrison

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Structure of Oceanic and Atmospheric Low-Frequency Variability over the Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. Part I: COADS Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recurrent modes of combined oceanic and atmospheric low-frequency variability over the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans are calculated to provide quantitatively and structurally well-defined targets for simulation/prediction studies of ...

Sumant Nigam; Horng-Syi Shen

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Multiyear Observations of the Tropical Atlantic Atmosphere: Multidisciplinary Applications of the NOAA Aerosols and Ocean Science Expeditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives an overview of a unique set of ship-based atmospheric data acquired over the tropical Atlantic Ocean during boreal spring and summer as part of ongoing National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Aerosols and Ocean Science ...

Nicholas R. Nalli; Everette Joseph; Vernon R. Morris; Christopher D. Barnet; Walter W. Wolf; Daniel Wolfe; Peter J. Minnett; Malgorzata Szczodrak; Miguel A. Izaguirre; Rick Lumpkin; Hua Xie; Alexander Smirnov; Thomas S. King; Jennifer Wei

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Partitioning of the Poleward Energy Transport between the Tropical Ocean and Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mass transport in the shallow, wind-driven, overturning cells in the tropical oceans is constrained to be close to the mass transport in the atmospheric Hadley cell, assuming that zonally integrated wind stresses on land are relatively small. ...

Isaac M. Held

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

EPIC2001 and the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System of the Tropical East Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupled global ocean–atmosphere models currently do a poor job of predicting conditions in the tropical east Pacific, and have a particularly hard time reproducing the annual cycle in this region. This poor performance is probably due to the ...

David J. Raymond; Steven K. Esbensen; Clayton Paulson; Michael Gregg; Christopher S. Bretherton; Walter A. Petersen; Robert Cifelli; Lynn K. Shay; Carter Ohlmann; Paquita Zuidema

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Tropical Cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum: An Atmosphere–Mixed Layer Ocean Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of tropical temperature to glacial forcing is examined by using an atmosphere–mixed layer ocean (A–MLO) model to simulate the climate of the last glacial maximum (LGM) following specifications established by the Paleoclimate ...

Anthony J. Broccoli

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Vertical Mixing in the Ocean and Its Impact on the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System in the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zonal and meridional asymmetries in the eastern tropical Pacific (the eastern equatorial cold tongue and the northern intertropical convergence zone) are key aspects of the region that are strongly influenced by ocean–atmosphere interactions. ...

Kelvin J. Richards; Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Motion and Evolution of Binary Tropical Cyclones in a Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Numerical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction of binary tropical cyclones (TC) is investigated using a coupled TC-ocean movable nested-grid model. The model consists of an eight-layer atmospheric model in the sigma coordinate system and a three-layer primitive equation ocean ...

Alexander I. Falkovich; Alexander P. Khain; Isaac Ginis

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Effects of diurnal variation on a tropical coupling system: a 2-dimensional coupled ocean-cloud resolving atmosphere modeling study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of diurnal variation on tropical atmospheric and oceanic variability are investigated with a two-dimensional coupled ocean-cloud resolving atmosphere model. The experiment with a time-invariant solar zenith angle is compared to the control ... Keywords: diurnal variation, tropical coupling system

Shouting Gao; Yushu Zhou

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Effect of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Changes on Tropical Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) changes on tropical coupled ocean-atmosphere system via oceanic and atmospheric processes. A suite of numerical simulations have been conducted and the results show that both oceanic and atmospheric circulation changes induced by AMOC changes can have a profound impact on tropical sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface salinity (SSS) conditions, but their dominance varies in different parts of the tropical oceans. The oceanic process has a dominant control on SST and SSS response to AMOC changes in the South Tropical Atlantic, while the atmospheric teleconnection is mainly responsible for SST and SSS changes over the North Tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans during the period of reduced AMOC. The finding has significant implication for the interpretation of the paleotemperature reconstructions over the southern Caribbean and the western Tropical Atlantic regions during the Younger Dryas. It suggests that the strong spatial inhomogeneity of the SST change revealed by the proxy records in these regions may be attributed to the competing oceanic and atmospheric processes that dominate the SST response. Similar mechanisms may also explain the reconstructed paleo-salinity change in the tropical Atlantic, which shows a basin-wide increase in SSS during the Younger Dryas, according to recent paleo climate studies. Finally, we show that atmospheric teleconnection induced by the surface cooling of the North Atlantic and the North Pacific in response to a weakened AMOC, is a leading physical mechanism that dictates the behavior of El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) response to AMOC changes. However, depending on its origin, the atmospheric teleconnection can affect ENSO variability in different ways. The atmospheric process associated with the North Atlantic cooling tends to enhance El Nino occurrence with a deepened mean thermocline depth in the eastern Pacific, whereas the atmospheric process associated with the North Pacific cooling tends to produce more La Nina events with a reduced mean thermocline depth in the eastern Pacific. Preliminary analysis suggests that the change in ENSO characteristics is associated with the change in internal atmospheric variability caused by the surface cooling in the North Atlantic and North Pacific. Complex nature of the underlying dynamics concerning the effect of the AMOC on ENSO calls for further investigation into this problem.

Wan, Xiuquan

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Interactions of the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have investigated the interactions of the tropical oceans on interannual timescales by conducting a series of uncoupled atmospheric and oceanic general circulation experiments and hybrid-coupled model simulations. The results ...

M. Latif; T. P. Barnett

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Climatology of Diurnal and Semidiurnal Surface Wind Variations over the Tropical Pacific Ocean Based on the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Moored Buoy Array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly measurements from 51 moored buoys in the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean array (9°N–8°S, 165°E–95°W) during 1993–2004 are used to document the climatological seasonal and annual mean patterns of diurnal and semidiurnal near-surface wind ...

Rei Ueyama; Clara Deser

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Ocean–Atmosphere Interactions in the Tropical and Subtropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 110-yr simulation is conducted using a specially designed coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model that only allows air–sea interaction over the Atlantic Ocean within 30°S–60°N. Since the influence from the Pacific El Niño–Southern ...

Bohua Huang; J. Shukla

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Modes of Interannual Tropical Ocean–Atmosphere Interaction—a Unified View. Part III: Analytical Results in Fully Coupled Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The parameter-space dependence of the eigenmodes of the coupled tropical ocean-atmosphere system, linearized about a climatological basic state, is further examined in a stripped-down intermediate coupled model using the formulation derived in ...

Fei-Fei Jin; David Neelin

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Time-Mean Response over the Tropical Pacific to Increased C02 in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-mean response over the tropical Pacific region to a quadrupling Of CO2 is investigated using a global coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. Tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs) rise by about 4°–5°C. The zonal ...

Thomas R. Knutson; Syukuro Manabe

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Interaction and Variability in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean with and without an Annual Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many previous studies point to a connection between the annual cycle and interannual variability in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. To investigate the importance of the annual cycle in the generation of tropical Atlantic variability (TAV) as well as ...

Susan C. Bates

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The tropical cyclone-induced flux of carbon between the ocean and the atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones are known to cause phytoplankton blooms in regions of the ocean that would otherwise support very little life; it is also known that these storms entrain carbon-rich deep water, which can cause ...

Zimmerman, Neil L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Climatic Equilibrium of the Atmospheric Convective Boundary Layer over a Tropical Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional thermodynamic model for a partially mixed, partly cloudy, convective boundary layer (CBL) is coupled to a radiation model to compute equilibrium solutions for a tropical CBL and troposphere in energy balance over the ocean. For ...

Alan K. Betts; W. Ridgway

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Seasonal Influences on Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Variability in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous studies and observational analyses point to a connection between the annual cycle and tropical Atlantic variability, specifically the influence of the seasons. Although a previous study has shown that the annual cycle is not necessary ...

Susan C. Bates

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Simulation of the Tropical Oceans with an Ocean GCM Coupled to an Atmospheric Mixed-Layer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reduced gravity, primitive equation, ocean general circulation model (GCM) is coupled to an advective atmospheric mixed-layer (AML) model to demonstrate the importance of a nonlocal atmospheric mixed-layer parameterization for a proper ...

Ragu Murtugudde; Richard Seager; Antonio Busalacchi

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Effect of ocean mesoscale variability on the mean state of tropical Atlantic climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. J. Antonov, 2002: World Ocean Atlas 2001: Objectiveand variability in tropical ocean regions. Clim. Dynm. , 18,air-sea fluxes for Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled-

Seo, H; Jochum, M; Murtugudde, R; Miller, A J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Empirical parameterization of Tropical Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling: The “Inverse Gill Problem”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of linear models of the steady-state response of the tropical atmosphere to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies have been proposed, all based on the shallow-water equations. Despite their formal similarity, the various models have ...

Myles R. Allen; Michael K. Davey

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

On the Annual Cycle of the Tropical Pacific Atmosphere and Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual cycle in sea surface temperature (SST), surface wind and other atmospheric variables in the tropical Pacific are described. The primary data sets of SST and surface wind are derived from ship observations in the Pacific between 29°N ...

John D. Horel

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

On the connection between continental-scale land surface processes and the tropical climate in a coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation is presented of the impact on tropical climate of continental-scale perturbations given by different representations of land surface processes (LSP) in a general circulation model that includes atmosphere-ocean interactions. One ...

Hsi-Yen Ma; C. Roberto Mechoso; Yongkang Xue; Heng Xiao; J. David Neelin; Xuan Ji

37

Dynamics and Thermodynamics of a Warming Event in a Coupled Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple coupled ocean–atmosphere model, similar to that of Zebiak and Cane, is used to examine the dynamic and thermodynamic processes associated with El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The model is run for 300 years. The interannual ...

David S. Battisti

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Simulation of the tropical Pacific climate with a coupled ocean - atmosphere general circulation model. Part II: Interannual variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two multiyear simulations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model (GCM)-totaling 45 years-are used to investigate interannual variability at the equator. The model consists of the UCLA global atmospheric GCM coupled to the GFDL oceanic GCM, dynamically active over the tropical Pacific. Multichannel singular spectrum analysis along the equator identifies ENSO-like quasi-biennial (QB) and quasi-quadrennial (QQ) modes. Both consist of predominantly standing oscillations in sea surface temperature and zonal wind stress that peak in the central or east Pacific, accompanied by an oscillation in equatorial thermocline depth that is characterized by a phase shift of about 90{degrees} across the basin, with west leading east. Simulated interannual variability is weaker than observed in both simulations. One of these is dominated by the QB, the other by the QQ mode, although the two differ only in details of the surface-layer parameterizations. 42 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs.

Robertson, A.W.; Ma, C.C.; Ghil, M. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A Coupled Atmosphere–Wave–Ocean Modeling System: Simulation of the Intensity of an Idealized Tropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere–wave–ocean modeling system (CAWOMS) based on the integration of atmosphere–wave, atmosphere–ocean, and wave–current interaction processes is developed. The component models consist of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)...

Bin Liu; Huiqing Liu; Lian Xie; Changlong Guan; Dongliang Zhao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Ocean Dynamics, Thermocline Adjustment, and Regulation of Tropical SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of tropical Pacific ocean dynamics in regulating the ocean response to thermodynamic forcing is investigated using an ocean general circulation model (GCM) coupled to a model of the atmospheric mixed layer. It is found that the basin ...

Richard Seager; Ragu Murtugudde

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Climate Fluctuations of Tropical Coupled Systems—The Role of Ocean Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical oceans have long been recognized as the most important region for large-scale ocean–atmosphere interactions, giving rise to coupled climate variations on several time scales. During the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) decade, ...

P. Chang; T. Yamagata; P. Schopf; S. K. Behera; J. Carton; W. S. Kessler; G. Meyers; T. Qu; F. Schott; S. Shetye; S.-P. Xie

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Climate and the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An attempt is made to determine the role of the ocean in establishing the mean tropical climate and its sensitivity to radiative perturbations. A simple two-box energy balance model is developed that includes ocean heat transports as an ...

Amy Clement; Richard Seager

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Simulation of the Tropical Pacific Climate with a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Model. Part II: Interannual Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two multiyear simulations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model (GCM)-totaling 45 years-are used to investigate interannual variability at the equator. The model consists of the UCLA global atmospheric GCM coupled to the GFDL ...

A. W. Robertson; C-C. Ma; M. Ghil; C. R. Mechoso

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Role of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation in the Tropical Pacific SST Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled climate model is used to explore the response of the tropical sea surface temperature (SST) to positive SST anomalies in the global extratropics. The main model results here are consistent with previous numerical studies. In response to ...

Jingzhi Su; Huijun Wang; Haijun Yang; Helge Drange; Yongqi Gao; Mats Bentsen

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Surface Flux Observations on the Southeastern Tropical Pacific Ocean and Attribution of SST Errors in Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new dataset synthesizes in situ and remote sensing observations from research ships deployed to the southeastern tropical Pacific stratocumulus region for 7 years in boreal fall. Surface meteorology, turbulent and radiative fluxes, aerosols, ...

Simon P. de Szoeke; Christopher W. Fairall; Daniel E. Wolfe; Ludovic Bariteau; Paquita Zuidema

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE Tropical Atmospheric Variability Forced by Oceanic Internal Variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the equatorial heat budget because they not only move heat horizontally toward the equator (Hansen and Paul 1984 to the equatorial heat budget led to the hy- pothesis that a part of the observed interannual vari- ability in SST. Introduction This study is part of a series of studies aimed at quan- tifying the effect of tropical

Jochum, Markus

47

TOGA COARE: The Coupled Ocean—Atmosphere Response Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite significant progress in the Tropical Ocean—Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program, a number of major hurdles remain before the primary objective, prediction of the variability of the coupled ocean—atmosphere system on time scales of months to ...

Peter J. Webster; Roger Lukas

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Comparison of Tropical Ocean–Atmosphere Fluxes with the NCAR Community Climate Model CCM3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties of the marine boundary layer produced by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model version 3 (CCM3) are compared with observations from two experiments in the central and western equatorial ...

William D. Collins; Junyi Wang; Jeffrey T. Kiehl; Guang J. Zhang; Daniel I. Cooper; William E. Eichinger

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Entropy Sources in Equilibrium Conditions over a Tropical Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Confusion has existed as to sources of entropy due to irreversible processes in the atmosphere, the total of which matches the export of entropy by radiation. What is the mechanical efficiency of convection? For an ideal tropical oceanic system ...

Charles Warner

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Tropical Ocean Circulation Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation model of the equatorial Pacific Ocean was forced by realistic wind stress distributions over decades. Results were presented for a set of two experiments. In the first experiment the model was forced by an objectively ...

Mojib Latif

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

ARM tropical pacific experiment (ATPEX): Role of cloud, water vapor and convection feedbacks in the coupled ocean/atmosphere system  

SciTech Connect

We have initiated studies that include radiation model validation, improved treatment of the three-dimensional structure of cloud-radiation interactions, and sensitivity runs that will unravel the role of cloud-convection-radiation interactions in the Pacific Sear Surface Temperatures and the overlying Walker and Hadley circulation. The research program is divided into three phases: (1) radiation, (2) cloud parameterization issues; (3) feedback and ocean-atmosphere interactions.

Ramanathan, V.; Barnett, T.P.

1992-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

52

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo-Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo-affect the dynam- ics and thermodynamics of the upper ocean.

Drushka, Kyla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

An Analysis of the Conditional Instability of the Tropical Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ice phase is included in thermodynamic calculations of convective available potential energy (CAPE) for a large number of soundings in the tropical atmosphere, at both land and ocean stations. It is found that the positive-buoyancy ...

Erle Williams; Nilton Renno

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The Tropical Ocean Response to a Change in Solar Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the tropical oceans caused by a shift of 6 months in the date of perihelion are examined using a coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (GCM). The changes in the annual cycle of sea surface temperature (SST) near the ...

David G. DeWitt; Edwin K. Schneider

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Impact of Horizontal Resolution on the Tropical Heat Budget in an Atlantic Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean general circulation model (OGCM) of the tropical Atlantic is coupled to an advective atmospheric boundary layer model. This configuration is used to investigate the hypothesis that resolving tropical instability waves (TIWs) in OGCMs ...

Markus Jochum; Raghu Murtugudde; Raffaele Ferrari; Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Ocean Barrier Layers’ Effect on Tropical Cyclone Intensification  

SciTech Connect

Improving a tropical cyclone's forecast and mitigating its destructive potential requires knowledge of various environmental factors that influence the cyclone's path and intensity. Herein, using a combination of observations and model simulations, we systematically demonstrate that tropical cyclone intensification is significantly affected by salinity-induced barrier layers, which are 'quasi-permanent' features in the upper tropical oceans. When tropical cyclones pass over regions with barrier layers, the increased stratification and stability within the layer reduce storm-induced vertical mixing and sea surface temperature cooling. This causes an increase in enthalpy flux from the ocean to the atmosphere and, consequently, an intensification of tropical cyclones. On average, the tropical cyclone intensification rate is nearly 50% higher over regions with barrier layers, compared to regions without. Our finding, which underscores the importance of observing not only the upper-ocean thermal structure but also the salinity structure in deep tropical barrier layer regions, may be a key to more skillful predictions of tropical cyclone intensities through improved ocean state estimates and simulations of barrier layer processes. As the hydrological cycle responds to global warming, any associated changes in the barrier layer distribution must be considered in projecting future tropical cyclone activity.

Balaguru, Karthik; Chang, P.; Saravanan, R.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Xu, Zhao; Li, M.; Hsieh, J.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

57

Improving Ocean Model Initialization for Coupled Tropical Cyclone Forecast Models Using GODAE Nowcasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To simulate tropical cyclone (TC) intensification, coupled ocean–atmosphere prediction models must realistically reproduce the magnitude and pattern of storm-forced sea surface temperature (SST) cooling. The potential for the ocean to support ...

G. R. Halliwell Jr.; L. K. Shay; S. D. Jacob; O. M. Smedstad; E. W. Uhlhorn

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The Influence of Midlatitude Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling on the Low-Frequency Variability of a GCM. Part I: No Tropical SST Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the extent to which the thermodynamic interactions between the midlatitude atmosphere and the underlying oceanic mixed layer contribute to the low-frequency atmospheric variability. A general circulation model, run under ...

Ileana Bladé

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The Tropical Eastern Pacific Seasonal Cycle: Assessment of Errors and Mechanisms in IPCC AR4 Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warmer SST and more rain in the Northern Hemisphere are observed year-round in the tropical eastern Pacific with southerly wind crossing the equator toward the atmospheric heating. The southerlies are minimal during boreal spring, when two ...

Simon P. de Szoeke; Shang-Ping Xie

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Net Energy Dissipation Rates in the Tropical Ocean and ENSO Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How unstable is the tropical ocean–atmosphere system? Are two successive El Niño events independent, or are they part of a continual (perhaps weakly damped) cycle sustained by random atmospheric disturbances? How important is energy dissipation ...

Alexey V. Fedorov

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Role of the “Atmospheric Bridge” in Linking Tropical Pacific ENSO Events to Extratropical SST Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of the atmospheric circulation as a “bridge” between sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the tropical Pacific and those in the midlatitude northern oceans is assessed. The key processes associated with this atmospheric bridge are ...

Ngar-Cheung Lau; Mary Jo Nath

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Assimilation of Subsurface Thermal Data into a Simple Ocean Model for the Initialization of an Intermediate Tropical Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Forecast Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adjoint variational assimilation technique is used to assimilate observations of both the oceanic state and wind stress data into an intermediate coupled ENSO prediction model. This method of initialization is contrasted with the more usual ...

Richard Kleeman; Andrew M. Moore; Neville R. Smith

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Retrospective ENSO Forecasts: Sensitivity to Atmospheric Model and Ocean Resolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are described from a series of 40 retrospective forecasts of tropical Pacific SST, starting 1 January and 1 July 1980–99, performed with several coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation models sharing the same ocean model—the Modular ...

Edwin K. Schneider; Ben P. Kirtman; David G. DeWitt; Anthony Rosati; Link Ji; Joseph J. Tribbia

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small-scale features in ocean winds. Science, 303, Chelton,of the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO. Borealstress dependence on ocean surface velocity: implications

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small-scale features in ocean winds. Science, 303, Chelton,of the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO. Borealstress dependence on ocean surface velocity: implications

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Why Tropical Sea Surface Temperature is Insensitive to Ocean Heat Transport Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown that increases in poleward ocean heat transport (OHT) do not strongly affect tropical SST. The goal of this paper is to explain this observation. To do so, the authors force two atmospheric global climate models (GCMs) ...

Daniel D. B. Koll; Dorian S. Abbot

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

In Situ–Based Pseudo–Wind Stress Products for the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quality wind stress fields are desired for a wide range of oceanographic and atmospheric studies. An overview is presented of the monthly quick-look and research-quality tropical ocean wind (pseudostress) products produced for the Pacific and ...

Shawn R. Smith; Jacques Servain; David M. Legler; James N. Stricherz; Mark A. Bourassa; James J. O'Brien

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Mixed Layer Modeling of Intraseasonal Variability in the Tropical Western Pacific and Indian Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) variations associated with the atmospheric intraseasonal oscillation in the tropical Indian and western Pacific Oceans, are examined using a one-dimensional mixed layer model. Surface fluxes associated with 10 well-...

Toshiaki Shinoda; Harry H. Hendon

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Seasonal Mixed Layer Heat Balance of the Southwestern Tropical Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) in the southwestern tropical Indian Ocean exerts a significant influence on global climate through its influence on the Indian summer monsoon and Northern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation. In this study, ...

Gregory R. Foltz; Jérôme Vialard; B. Praveen Kumar; Michael J. McPhaden

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Structural Characteristics of Deep Convective Systems over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural properties of convective cloud clusters of tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are studied using six summers of Meteosat satellite data in the atmospheric infrared window. A cluster at a given brightness temperature threshold is ...

L. A. Toledo Machado; M. Desbois; J-Ph Duvel

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Why Tropical Sea Surface Temperature is Insensitive to Ocean Heat Transport Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown that increases in poleward ocean heat transport (OHT) do not strongly affect tropical SST. The goal of this paper is to explain this observation. To do so we force two atmospheric global climate models (GCMs) in ...

Daniel D. B. Koll; Dorian S. Abbot

72

Local Balance and Variability of Atmospheric Heat Budget over Oceans: Observation and Reanalysis-based Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We quantify systematic differences between modern observation- and reanalysis-based estimates of atmospheric heating rates and identify dominant variability modes over tropical oceans. Convergence of heat fluxes between the top of the atmosphere ...

Sun Wong; Tristan S. L’Ecuyer; William S. Olson; Xianan Jiang; Eric J. Fetzer

73

Effects of Penetrative Radiation on the Upper Tropical Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of penetrative radiation on the upper tropical ocean circulation have been investigated with an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) with attenuation depths derived from remotely sensed ocean color data. The OGCM is a reduced ...

Raghu Murtugudde; James Beauchamp; Charles R. McClain; Marlon Lewis; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Response of Quasigeostrophic Oceanic Vortices to Tropical Cyclone Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of quasigeostrophic (QG) oceanic vortices to tropical cyclone (TC) forcing is investigated using an isopycnic ocean model. Idealized oceanic currents and wind fields derived from observational data acquired during Hurricane Katrina ...

Benjamin Jaimes; Lynn K. Shay; George R. Halliwell

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

ARM tropical pacific experiment (ATPEX): Role of cloud, water vapor and convection feedbacks in the coupled ocean/atmosphere system. Progress report, September 1, 1991--August 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

We have initiated studies that include radiation model validation, improved treatment of the three-dimensional structure of cloud-radiation interactions, and sensitivity runs that will unravel the role of cloud-convection-radiation interactions in the Pacific Sear Surface Temperatures and the overlying Walker and Hadley circulation. The research program is divided into three phases: (1) radiation, (2) cloud parameterization issues; (3) feedback and ocean-atmosphere interactions.

Ramanathan, V.; Barnett, T.P.

1992-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

76

Atmospheric and Oceanic Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction It is widely recognized that internal tides have strong influence on the global thermohaline circulation, because it contribute significantly to deep ocean mixing, the essential process for the maintenance of the thermohaline circulation [Munk and Wunsch, 1998]. Internal tides generated by strong tide-topography interactions occasionally break causing intense turbulent mixing [Lien and Gregg, 2001]. Turbulent mixing may also be induced far from wave generation sites, because propagating internal tides can nonlinearly interact with the background internal waves and cascade part of their energy down to small scales where breaking can occur. The East China Sea and adjacent seas are one of the most important generation regions of internal tides, and hence the associated turbulent mixing. Indeed, using a two-dimensional analytical model, Baines [1982] predicted that the continental shelf slope in the East China Sea is the second largest generator of the M 2 internal tide amon

Niwa; Group Representative

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Physical Characterization of Tropical Oceanic Convection Observed in KWAJEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Kwajalein Experiment (KWAJEX) was designed to obtain an empirical physical characterization of precipitating convective clouds over the tropical ocean. Coordinated datasets were collected by three ...

Sandra E. Yuter; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Eric A. Smith; Thomas T. Wilheit; Edward Zipser

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The effects of ocean eddies on tropical cyclones.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study is to understand the interactions of tropical cyclones with ocean eddies. In particular we examine the influence of a cold-core… (more)

Miltenberger, Alexander Reid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

An Improved System for Tropical Ocean Subsurface Temperature Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study demonstrates techniques that lead to improved use of ocean thermal information and more useful and informative products for monitoring variability in the tropical oceans. The method is based on statistical interpolation and is ...

Neville R. Smith

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Simulation of the Seasonal Cycle of the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a general circulation model of the tropical Pacific Ocean forced with climatological seasonally varying winds, equatorial upwelling and downwelling in adjacent latitudes play central roles in closing the oceanic circulation. The transport of ...

S. G. H. Philander; W. J. Hurlin; A. D. Seigel

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

An Intermediate Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intermediate tropical Pacific Ocean model is developed to bridge the gap between anomaly models of El Niño and ocean general circulation models. The model contains essential physics for reproducing both the annual and interannual variations of ...

Bin Wang; Tianming Li; Ping Chang

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Tropical Indian Ocean Influence on Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones in Summer following Strong El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer following a strong El Niño, tropical cyclone (TC) number decreases over the Northwest (NW) Pacific despite little change in local sea surface temperature. The authors’ analysis suggests El Niño–induced tropical Indian Ocean (TIO) ...

Yan Du; Lei Yang; Shang-Ping Xie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Ocean Eddy Dynamics in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of mesoscale oceanic eddies is analyzed in a quasigeostrophic coupled ocean–atmosphere model operating at a large Reynolds number. The model dynamics are characterized by decadal variability that involves nonlinear adjustment of the ...

P. Berloff; W. Dewar; S. Kravtsov; J. McWilliams

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Modulation of South Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones by the Madden–Julian Oscillation and Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subseasonal modulation of tropical cyclone (TC) genesis by large-scale atmospheric wave modes is studied using data from the south Indian Ocean region. The modes considered are the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), and the convectively coupled ...

Miloud Bessafi; Matthew C. Wheeler

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The Interface or Air–Sea Flux Component of the TOGA Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment and Its Impact on Subsequent Air–Sea Interaction Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interface or air–sea flux component of the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE) of the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) research program and its subsequent impact on studies of air–sea interaction are described. The ...

Robert A. Weller; Frank Bradley; Roger Lukas

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development is described of a Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS)—the result of a cooperative project to collect global weather observations taken near the ocean's surface since 1854, primarily from merchant ships, into a compact and ...

Scott D. Woodruff; Ralph J. Slutz; Roy L. Jenne; Peter M. Steurer

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

FOAM:The Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Models Performance User Resources Publications History Developer's Page FOAM The Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model cup2.jpeg (48474 bytes) Image made by Johan Kellum with Vis5D...

88

Tropical Oceanic Hot Towers: Need They Be Undilute to Transport Energy from the Boundary Layer to the Upper Troposphere Effectively? An Answer Based on Trajectory Analysis of a Simulation of a TOGA COARE Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses questions resulting from the authors’ earlier simulation of the 9 February 1993 Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Research Experiment (TOGA COARE) squall line, which used updraft trajectories to ...

Alexandre O. Fierro; Edward J. Zipser; Margaret A. LeMone; Jerry M. Straka; Joanne (Malkus) Simpson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Upper Oceanic Energy Response to Tropical Cyclone Passage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upper oceanic temporal response to tropical cyclone (TC) passage is investigated using a 6-yr daily record of data-driven analyses of two measures of upper ocean energy content based on the U.S. Navy’s Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation System ...

John A. Knaff; Mark DeMaria; Charles R. Sampson; James E. Peak; James Cummings; Wayne H. Schubert

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

How Long is the Memory of Tropical Ocean Dynamics?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combining classic equatorial wave dynamics and midlatitude wave dynamics, a unified view is proposed to account for the memory of tropical ocean dynamics in terms of oceanic basin modes. It is shown that the dynamic memory of the ocean is bounded ...

Z. Liu

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Top-of-Atmosphere Direct Radiative Effect of Aerosols over the Tropical Oceans from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Satellite Instrument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nine months of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES)/Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) broadband fluxes combined with the TRMM visible infrared scanner (VIRS) high-resolution imager measurements are used to estimate ...

Norman G. Loeb; Seiji Kato

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The 30–60-Day Convection Seesaw between the Tropical Indian and Western Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Indian and western Pacific oceans are two prominent action centers for tropical 30–60-day convective variability. When convection is enhanced over the equatorial Indian Ocean, the tropical western Pacific often experiences an ...

Baozhen Zhu; Bin Wang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The effects of ocean eddies on tropical cyclones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to understand the interactions of tropical cyclones with ocean eddies. In particular we examine the influence of a cold-core eddy on the cold wake formed during the passage of Typhoon Fanapi ...

Miltenberger, Alexander Reid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Interior Communication from the Subtropical to the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The communication from the subtropical gyre interior to the Tropics is examined using wind stress datasets and results from an ocean data assimilation system. It is shown that the interior communication can be clarified by a simple interior mass ...

Rui Xin Huang; Qi Wang

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

El Niño and Tropical Pacific Ocean Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial and temporal character of El Niño is explored with analyses of tropical Pacific Ocean surface temperatures for the period 1957–76. The data are derived from approximately 5×106 marine weather reports. Maps are illustrated which ...

Bryan C. Weare

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Initial Conditions for a General Circulation Model of Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general circulation model of the tropical Pacific Ocean, which realistically simulates El Niño of 1982–83, has been used to determine how different initial conditions affect the model. Given arbitrary initial conditions (not in equilibrium with ...

S. G. H. Philander; W. J. Hurlin; R. C. Pacanowski

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Seasonal Characteristics of Circulation in the Southeastern Tropical Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The circulation in the southeastern tropical Indian Ocean is studied using historical temperature and salinity data. A southward shift of the subtropical gyre at increasing depth dominates the structure of the annual mean circulation. Near the ...

Tangdong Qu; Gary Meyers

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Linear Equatorial Wave Mode Initialization in a Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean: An Initialization Scheme for Tropical Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation in models of the tropical oceans can generate spurious equatorial wave modes which are potentially harmful to the model background fields. The amplitudes of these spurious wave modes can often be large and, in general, depend ...

Andrew M. Moore

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Oceanic Origins of Southwest Tropical Atlantic Biases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SST bias in the tropical Atlantic exists in the early to latest generation of coupled general circulation models. The maximum bias is not on the equator but at 16°S, the cause of which has not been thoroughly studied. Newly released CMIP5 models provide a useful tool to investigate the contributions of different physical processes to the SST bias in this area in the coupled system. We tested three existing mechanisms and found that: 1) there is no significant relationship between the SST bias and surface heat flux bias; 2) deficient coastal upwelling is a contributing but not the sole source of the bias; and 3) the SST bias is correlated with temperature biases in the upstream equatorial region. The Angola-Benguela front is displaced southward by more than 10° in latitude in many CIMP5 models. Due to the huge temperature contrasts on two sides of the front, such a frontal displacement generates a very strong SST bias. The correlation between the SST bias and frontal location error in this region is significant at the 99% level, demonstrating that the SST bias in coupled GCMs is attributable to the models’ inability to reproduce a realistic position of the front and the consequent erroneous advection by the southward Angola current. This is due to both errors in the simulated surface wind field and systematic errors in ocean models. Ocean reanalysis datasets and a high-resolution regional model simulation suffer a similar pattern of SST biases. Although they produce a more realistic ocean circulation than coarser resolution simulations and alleviate some of the severe SST bias near the front, a warm bias overlies on a northward current to the south of the front, which actually comes from the north of the front through a subsurface passage. We identify a strong subsurface temperature bias caused by a too-deep and diffused simulated thermocline along the coast of Angola, originating from the equatorial thermocline, advected by the Angola Current and an undercurrent beneath the Benguela current, and then brought to the surface by the coastal upwelling along the Benguela coast, contributing to the warm SST bias south of the front.

Xu, Zhao

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Predictability of Drifter Trajectories in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictability of particle motion in the ocean over a timescale of one week is studied using three clusters of buoys consisting of 5–10 drifters deployed in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The analysis is conducted by using three techniques with ...

Tamay M. Özgökmen; Leonid I. Piterbarg; Arthur J. Mariano; Edward H. Ryan

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Atmosphere–Ocean Modeling Exploiting Fluid Isomorphisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mathematical isomorphisms between the hydrostatic equations that govern the evolution of a compressible atmosphere and an incompressible ocean are described and exploited to guide the design of a hydrodynamical kernel for simulation of either ...

John Marshall; Alistair Adcroft; Jean-Michel Campin; Chris Hill; Andy White

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Impact of Explicit Atmosphere–Ocean Coupling on MJO-Like Coherent Structures in Idealized Aquaplanet Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the impact of the atmosphere–ocean coupling on the large-scale organization of tropical convection simulated by an idealized global model applying the Cloud-Resolving Convection Parameterization (CRCP; superparameterization). ...

Wojciech W. Grabowski

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Diurnal Cycle of Shallow and Deep Convection for a Tropical Land and an Ocean Environment and Its Relationship to Synoptic Wind Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of shallow and deep convection during the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission/Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (TRMM/LBA) and the Eastern Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–...

L. Gustavo Pereira; Steven A. Rutledge

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

2–3-Day Convective Variability in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is an examination of 2–3-day convective variability in the tropical Pacific region. The initial focus of the paper is on the western tropical Pacific during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response ...

Carol Anne Clayson; Brian Strahl; Jon Schrage

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

5122 JOURNAL OF CLIMATE—SPECIAL SECTION VOLUME 19 Climate Fluctuations of Tropical Coupled Systems—The Role of Ocean Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tropical oceans have long been recognized as the most important region for large-scale oceanatmosphere interactions, giving rise to coupled climate variations on several time scales. During the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) decade, the focus of much tropical ocean research was on understanding El Niño–related processes and on development of tropical ocean models capable of simulating and predicting El Niño. These studies led to an appreciation of the vital role the ocean plays in providing the memory for predicting El Niño and thus making seasonal climate prediction feasible. With the end of TOGA and the beginning of Climate Variability and Prediction (CLIVAR), the scope of climate variability and predictability studies has expanded from the tropical Pacific and ENSO-centric basis to the global domain. In this paper the progress that has been made in tropical ocean climate studies during the early years of CLIVAR is discussed. The discussion is divided geographically into three tropical ocean basins with an emphasis on the dynamical processes that are most relevant to the coupling between the atmosphere and

T. Qu; H F. Schott; I S. Shetye; S. -p. Xie K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Vacillations in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from a 35-year integration of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Both ocean and atmosphere are two-level, nonlinear primitive equations models. The global atmospheric model is forced by a steady, zonally symmetric Newtonian ...

Paul S. Schopf; Max J. Suarez

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Role of Rossby Waves in the Remote Effects of the North Indian Ocean Tropical Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Remote effects due to the tropical disturbances in the north Indian Ocean are investigated by analyzing long-lasting (?5 days) tropical disturbances, which reached at least the strength of tropical storms. The present analysis is carried out for ...

J. V. Ratnam; S. K. Behera; Y. Masumoto; T. Yamagata

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Differing Trends in the Tropical Surface Temperatures and Precipitation over Land and Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past 50 years, sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical latitudes have trended toward a warmer ocean state. As a response, tropical land surface temperatures, as well as tropical tropospheric temperatures (as manifested in the ...

Arun Kumar; Fanglin Yang; Lisa Goddard; Siegfried Schubert

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Multiscale dynamics of atmospheric and oceanic variability in the climate system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of South Indian Ocean tropical cyclones by the Madden-JulianVariation of Summertime Tropical Cyclone Activity in thein the garden to tropical cyclones to mesoscale eddies in

Subramanian, Aneesh C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. J.destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years.Distribution in Tropical Cyclones Using the Tropical

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. J.destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years.Distribution in Tropical Cyclones Using the Tropical

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A Simple Model of the Wind-Driven Tropical Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple analytic theory for some aspects of the wind-driven circulation in the tropical oceans is described. The nearly geostrophic subsurface currants and the pressure field are studied by means of a single-layer model. The flow is forced by ...

P. J. Phlips

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Aspects of Geostrophic Adjustment during Tropical Ocean Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsurface temperature data from the ship-of-opportunity network in the tropical Pacific Ocean was assimilated into a simple reduced-gravity model. A large initialization shock was found to occur in the model which takes the form of equatorially ...

Andrew M. Moore

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

VOCALS: The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

VOCALS (VAMOS* Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study) is an international CLIVAR program the major goal of which is to develop and promote scientific activities leading to improved understanding of the Southeast Pacific (SEP) coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system on diurnal to inter-annual timescales. The principal program objectives are: 1) the improved understanding and regional/global model representation of aerosol indirect effects over the SEP; 2) the elimination of systematic errors in the region of coupled atmospheric-ocean general circulation models, and improved model simulations and predictions of the coupled climate in the SEP and global impacts of the system variability. VOCALS is organized into two tightly coordinated components: 1) a Regional Experiment (VOCALSREx), and 2) a Modeling Program (VOCALS-Mod). Extended observations (e.g. IMET buoy, satellites, EPIC/PACS cruises) will provide important additional contextual datasets that help to link the field and the modeling components. The coordination through VOCALS of observational and modeling efforts (Fig. 3) will accelerate the rate at which field data can be used to improve simulations and predictions of the tropical climate variability [Copied from the Vocals Program Summary of June 2007, available as a link from the VOCALS web at http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/vocals/]. The CLIVAR sponsored program to under which VOCALS falls is VAMOS, which stands for Variability of the American Monsoon Systems.

Wood, Robert [VOCALS-REx PI, University of Washington; Bretherton, Christopher [GEWEX/GCSS Representative, University of Washington; Huebert, Barry [SOLAS Representative, University of Hawaii; Mechoso, Roberto C. [VOCALS Science Working Group Chair, UCLA; Weller, Robert [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

115

How ocean color can steer Pacific tropical cyclones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because ocean color alters the absorption of sunlight, it can produce changes in sea surface temperatures with further impacts on atmospheric circulation. These changes can project onto fields previously recognized to alter ...

Gnanadesikan, Anand

116

Tropical Oceanic Response to Extratropical Thermal Forcing in a Coupled Climate Model: A Comparison between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical oceanic response to the extratropical thermal forcing is quantitatively estimated in a coupled climate model. This work focuses on comparison of the responses between the tropical Atlantic and Pacific. Under the same extratropical ...

Haijun Yang; Lu Wang

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A GCM Study of Tropical–Subtropical Upper-Ocean Water Exchange  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with an oceanic general circulation model indicate that the tropical and subtropical oceanic circulations are linked in three ways. Far from coast in the oceanic interior, equatorial surface waters flow poleward to the southern part ...

Zhengyu Liu; S. G. H. Philander; R. C. Pacanowski

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Restratification of the Upper Ocean after the Passage of a Tropical Cyclone: A Numerical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of baroclinic instability in the restratification of the upper ocean after the passage of a tropical cyclone (TC) is determined by means of numerical simulations. Using a regional ocean model, the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS), a ...

Wei Mei; Claudia Pasquero

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Simulation of ENSO-Related Surface Winds in the Tropical Pacific by an Atmospheric General Circulation Model Forced by Observed Sea Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present the simulation of the tropical Pacific surface wind variability by a low-resolution (R15 horizontal resolution and 18 vertical levels) version of the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Interactions, Maryland, general circulation ...

B. N. Goswami; V. Krishnamurthy; N. H. Saji

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Five-Year Climatology of Midtroposphere Dry Air Layers in Warm Tropical Ocean Regions as Viewed by AIRS/Aqua  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many studies have commented on the presence of midtroposphere dry air layers in normally moist areas of the warm-pool region in the tropical western Pacific Ocean. In this study, 5 yr of relative humidity (RH) observations from the Atmospheric ...

Sean P. F. Casey; Andrew E. Dessler; Courtney Schumacher

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Mechanisms Involved in the Amplification of the 11-yr Solar Cycle Signal in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is debated whether the response of the tropical Pacific Ocean to the 11-yr solar cycle forcing resembles a La Niña– or El Niño–like signal. To address this issue, ensemble simulations employing an atmospheric general circulation model with and ...

Stergios Misios; Hauke Schmidt

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Reducing Climatology Bias in an Ocean–Atmosphere CGCM with Improved Coupling Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cold tongue in the tropical Pacific extends too far west in most current ocean–atmosphere coupled GCMs (CGCMs). This bias also exists in the relatively high-resolution SINTEX-F CGCM despite its remarkable performance of simulating ENSO ...

Jing-Jia Luo; Sebastien Masson; Erich Roeckner; Gurvan Madec; Toshio Yamagata

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Annual Cycle in the Tropical Pacific Ocean Based on Assimilated Ocean Data from 1983 to 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the tropical Pacific Ocean from January 1983 to December 1992 is used to describe the annual cycle, with the main focus on subsurface temperature variations. Some analysis of ocean-current variations are also considered. Monthly ...

Thomas M. Smith; Muthuvel Chelliah

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Numerical Simulation of Atmospheric Response to Pacific Tropical Instability Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical instability waves (TIWs) are 1000-km-long waves that appear along the sea surface temperature (SST) front of the equatorial cold tongue in the eastern Pacific. The study investigates the atmospheric planetary boundary layer (PBL) ...

R. Justin Small; Shang-Ping Xie; Yuqing Wang

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Response of Tropical Atmospheric Energy Budgets to ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variability of zonally resolved tropical energy budgets in association with El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is investigated. The most recent global atmospheric reanalyses from 1979 to 2011 are employed with removal of apparent ...

Michael Mayer; Kevin E. Trenberth; Leopold Haimberger; John T. Fasullo

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Modeling Climate Variability in the Tropical Atlantic Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate variability in the tropical Atlantic sector as represented in six atmospheric general circulation models is examined. On the annual mean, most simulations overestimate wind stress away from the equator although much of the variability can ...

Jiande Wang; James A. Carton

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A TOVS Dataset for Study of the Tropical Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature and moisture data from the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) archives are examined for applicability to studies of the tropical atmosphere on time scales ranging from intraseasonal to interannual. Comparisons with monthly mean ...

Siri Jodha Singh Khalsa; Ellen J. Steiner

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Science DMZ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NOAA NOAA About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ CU Science DMZ Penn State & VTTI Science DMZ NOAA Science DMZ NERSC Science DMZ ALS Multi-facility Workflow LCLS ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Careers Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Science DMZ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder houses the Earth System Research Lab, which supports a "reforecasting" project. The initiative involves running several decades of historical

129

The Effects of Mesoscale Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling on the Large-Scale Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale variation in wind stress due to ocean–atmosphere interaction within the atmospheric boundary layer alters the temporal and spatial scale of Ekman pumping driving the double-gyre circulation of the ocean. A high-resolution ...

Andrew Mc C. Hogg; William K. Dewar; Pavel Berloff; Sergey Kravtsov; David K. Hutchinson

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment General Description The Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) was a collaborative effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Beginning January 21 and ending February 14, 2006, the experiment was conducted in the region near the ARM Climate Research Facility in Darwin, Northern Australia. This permanent facility is fully equipped with sophisticated instruments for measuring cloud and other atmospheric properties to provide a long-term record of continuous observational data. Measurements obtained from the other experiment components (explained below) will complement this dataset to provide a detailed description of the tropical atmosphere.

131

Tropical Cyclone–Induced Upper-Ocean Mixing and Climate: Application to Equable Climates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones instigate an isolated blast of vigorous mixing in the upper tropical oceans, stirring warm surface water with cooler water in the thermocline. Previous work suggests that the frequency, intensity, and lifetime of these storms ...

Robert L. Korty; Kerry A. Emanuel; Jeffery R. Scott

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Observed Self-Similarity of Precipitation Regimes over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A K-means clustering algorithm was used to classify Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR) scenes within 1° square patches over the tropical (15°S–15°N) oceans. Three cluster centroids or “regimes” that minimize the ...

Gregory S. Elsaesser; Christian D. Kummerow; Tristan S. L’Ecuyer; Yukari N. Takayabu; Shoichi Shige

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Vertical flux, ecology and dissolution of radiolaria in tropical oceans : implications for the silica cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiolarians which settle through the oceanic water column were recovered from three stations (western Tropical Atlantic-Station E, central Tropical Pacific-P1 and Panama Basin-PB) using PARFLUX sediment traps in moored ...

Takahashi, Kozo

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Estimating the Meridional Energy Transports in the Atmosphere and Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The poleward energy transports in the atmosphere–ocean system are estimated for the annual mean and the four seasons based on satellite measurements of the net radiation balance at the top of the atmosphere, atmospheric transports of energy at ...

B. C. Carissimo; A. H. Oort; T. H. Vonder Haar

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Impact of the latitudinal distribution of tropical cyclones on ocean heat transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heavy winds associated with tropical cyclones generate strong upper ocean mixing. Recent studies suggest that this enhanced mixing significantly contributes to the ocean poleward heat transport, mainly due to a ...

Jansen, Malte Friedrich

136

Atmospheric Circulation Changes Associated with Rainfall Anomalies over Tropical Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During February–March 1981, striking contrasts existed in the rainfall distribution over most of Brazil and in the atmospheric circulation features over South America and the North and South Atlantic Oceans. Drier than normal conditions prevailed ...

Vernon E. Kousky

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Detection of Rainfall Events Using Underwater Passive Aquatic Sensors and Air–Sea Temperature Changes in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several years of long-term high temporal resolution ocean ambient noise data from the tropical Pacific Ocean are analyzed to detect oceanic rainfall. Ocean ambient noise generated by rainfall and wind are identified through an acoustic ...

Barry B. Ma; Jeffrey A. Nystuen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Links between Tropical Convection and Variations of the Extratropical Circulation during TOGA COARE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the Intensive Observation Period of the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (November 1992–February 1993) have been used to investigate the links between intraseasonal variations in tropical ...

Greg C. Tyrrell; David J. Karoly; John L. McBride

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

On the Dependence of Hindcast Skill on Ocean Thermodynamics in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three different mechanisms for the generation of ENSO SST anomalies within a simplified tropical Pacific Ocean model are examined: thermocline depth changes, Ekman-induced upwelling anomalies, and zonal advection changes. The effect of varying ...

Richard Kleeman

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A Spontaneously Generated Tropical Atmospheric General Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of idealized atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) experiments are presented. These experiments examine whether and how atmospheric deep moist convection, in the absence of meridional gradients in external forcing, interacts with ...

Ben P. Kirtman; Edwin K. Schneider

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Indian Ocean Intraseasonal Variability in an Ocean General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of atmospheric intraseasonal variability on the tropical Indian Ocean is examined with an ocean general circulation model (OGCM). The model is forced by observation-based wind stresses and surface heat fluxes from an atmospheric ...

A. Schiller; J. S. Godfrey

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Improving the Detection and Tracking of Tropical Cyclones in Atmospheric General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamical seasonal forecasts of tropical storm frequency require robust and efficient algorithms for detection and tracking of tropical storms in atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs). Tropical storms are generally detected when dynamic ...

Suzana J. Camargo; Stephen E. Zebiak

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Variational Data Assimilation for Determining the Seasonal Net Surface Heat Flux Using a Tropical Pacific Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a study for determining the seasonal net surface heat flux over the tropical Pacific Ocean using an adjoint technique. A simple tropical ocean model with thermodynamics is chosen and the seasonal sea surface temperature (SST) ...

Lisan Yu; James J. O'Brien

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Characteristics of Strong Updrafts in Precipitation Systems over the Central Tropical Pacific Ocean and in the Amazon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne in situ measurements of updrafts in tropical convective storms were analyzed to determine the similarities and differences between updrafts in a tropical continental and a tropical oceanic region. Two hundred fifteen updraft cores from ...

Nicholas F. Anderson; Cedric A. Grainger; Jeffrey L. Stith

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Global Climate and Ocean Circulation on an Aquaplanet Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low-resolution coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model (OAGCM) is used to study the characteristics of the large-scale ocean circulation and its climatic impacts in a series of global coupled aquaplanet experiments. Three ...

Robin S. Smith; Clotilde Dubois; Jochem Marotzke

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Rethinking Tropical Ocean Response to Global Warming: The Enhanced Equatorial Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of tropical Pacific SST to increased atmospheric CO2 concentration is reexamined with a new focus on the latitudinal SST gradient. Available evidence, mainly from climate models, suggests that an important tropical SST fingerprint to ...

Zhengyu Liu; Steve Vavrus; Feng He; Na Wen; Yafang Zhong

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

II Observations of the 2004 and 2006 Indian OceanOceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .magnitudes determined from ocean-bottom pressure gauge data

Drushka, Kyla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Long-Term Observations of Tropical Instability Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reynolds sea surface temperature (SST) data showing tropical instability waves (TIWs) in the tropical Pacific are analyzed along with current measurements from the Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean (TAO) buoy array and wind speeds from the European ...

Robert F. Contreras

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Oceanic Rossby Wave Dynamics and the ENSO Period in a Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical ocean wave dynamics associated with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation cycle in a coupled model are examined. The ocean–atmosphere model consists of statistical atmosphere coupled to a simple reduced gravity model of the tropical Pacific ...

Ben P. Kirtman

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A Seasonally Forced Ocean–Atmosphere Model for Paleoclimate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal forcing is applied to an idealized model of the ocean–atmosphere system by prescribing monthly values of solar insolation at the top of the atmosphere and wind stress at the ocean surface. In addition, meridional near-surface wind ...

Andreas Schmittner; Thomas F. Stocker

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The COLA Global Coupled and Anomaly Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies (COLA) global coupled and anomaly coupled ocean–atmosphere GCM models are described. The ocean and atmosphere components of these coupled models are identical. The only difference between them is in ...

Ben P. Kirtman; Yun Fan; Edwin K. Schneider

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Total atmospheric emissivities for a tropical climate  

SciTech Connect

The total atmospheric flux emissivities as a function of water vapor optical depth are reported for meteorological condtions in Thailand. The water vapor optical depth was first calculated as a function of height up to 12 km from the annual average upper air pressures, temperature, and dew points at Bangkok. The flux emissivity was then computed using tabulated data for the flux emissivities of water vapor, carbon dioxide, and ozone at 20/sup 0/C. (SPH)

Exell, R.H.B.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Subduction over the Southern Indian Ocean in a High-Resolution Atmosphere–Ocean Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the subduction of the Subantarctic Mode Water in the Indian Ocean in an ocean–atmosphere coupled model in which the ocean component is eddy permitting. The purpose is to assess how sensitive the simulated mode water is to the ...

Mei-Man Lee; A. J. George Nurser; I. Stevens; Jean-Baptiste Sallée

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Simulated Relationships between Sea Surface Temperatures and Tropical Convection in Climate Models and Their Implications for Tropical Cyclone Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of enhanced atmospheric CO2 concentrations on tropical convection and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the global tropics is assessed using five fully coupled atmospheric–oceanic general circulation models (AOGCMs). Relationships ...

Jenni L. Evans; Jeffrey J. Waters

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Transient Response of a Global Ocean-Atmosphere Model to a Doubling of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transient response of climate to an instantaneous increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide has been investigated by a general circulation model of the coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system with global geography and annual ...

Syukuro Manabe; Kirk Bryan; Michael J. Spelman

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Interannual Variation in Net Heating at the Surface of the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual variations of net surface heating of the tropical Pacific Ocean are analyzed for the period 1957–76. Special emphasis is given to exploring the relationship between these variations and those in sea temperature associated with El Niño/...

Bryan C. Weare

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Freshwater Flux (FWF)-Induced Oceanic Feedback in a Hybrid Coupled Model of the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of freshwater flux (FWF) forcing on interannual variability in the tropical Pacific climate system are investigated using a hybrid coupled model (HCM), constructed from an oceanic general circulation model (OGCM) and a simplified ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

High-Resolution Passive Microwave Observations of Convective Systems over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents high-resolution passive microwave measurements obtained in the western Pacific warm pool region. These measurements represent the most comprehensive such observations of convection over the tropical oceans to date, and were ...

Gary McGaughey; Edward J. Zipser; Roy W. Spencer; Robbie E. Hood

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Evaluation of ASCAT-Based Daily Gridded Winds in the Tropical Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quality of daily gridded Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT; DASCAT) blended winds is examined in the tropical Indian Ocean using 3-day running mean gridded Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT; QSCAT) winds and in situ daily winds from the Research ...

S. Sivareddy; M. Ravichandran; M. S. Girishkumar

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The Mechanical Energy Input to the Ocean Induced by Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind stress and tidal dissipation are the most important sources of mechanical energy for maintaining the oceanic general circulation. The contribution of mechanical energy due to tropical cyclones can be a vitally important factor in regulating ...

Ling Ling Liu; Wei Wang; Rui Xin Huang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Simple Model of Climatological Rainfall and Vertical Motion Patterns over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model is developed that predicts climatological rainfall, vertical motion, and diabatic heating profiles over the tropical oceans given the sea surface temperature (SST), using statistical relationships deduced from the 40-yr ECMWF Re-...

Larissa E. Back; Christopher S. Bretherton

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Simple Model of Climatological Rainfall and Vertical Motion Patterns over the Tropical Oceans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple model is developed that predicts climatological rainfall, vertical motion, and diabatic heating profiles over the tropical oceans given the sea surface temperature (SST), using statistical relationships deduced ...

Back, Larissa E.

163

Mean and Variability of the Tropical Atlantic Ocean in the CCSM4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study analyzes important aspects of the tropical Atlantic Ocean from simulations of the fourth version of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM4): the mean sea surface temperature (SST) and wind stress, the Atlantic warm pools, the ...

Ernesto Muñoz; Wilbert Weijer; Semyon A. Grodsky; Susan C. Bates; Ilana Wainer

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Passive Microwave Observations of the Stratiform Regions of Two Tropical Oceanic Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution passive microwave observations within the stratiform regions of two different tropical oceanic mesoscale convective systems are investigated in detail. The observations were obtained from the Advanced Microwave Precipitation ...

Gary McGaughey; Edward J. Zipser

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Relationship between Cloud Radiative Forcing and Sea Surface Temperatures over the Entire Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite measurements from January 1985 to December 1989 show that warmer tropical oceans as a whole are associated with less longwave greenhouse effect of clouds and less cloud reflection of solar radiation to the space. The regression slopes ...

M. H. Zhang; R. D. Cess; S. C. Xie

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Surface Wind over Tropical Oceans: Diagnosis of the Momentum Balance, and Modeling the Linear Friction Coefficient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous diagnostic studies of surface wind momentum balances over tropical oceans showed that, under a linear friction assumption, the meridional friction coefficient is two to three times larger than the zonal friction coefficient, and that ...

John C. H. Chiang; Stephen E. Zebiak

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Model-Based Assessment and Design of a Tropical Indian Ocean Mooring Array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) are performed for the tropical Indian Ocean (±15° from the equator) using a simple analysis system. The analysis system projects an array of observations onto the dominant empirical ...

Peter R. Oke; Andreas Schiller

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Estimation of Area-Averaged Rainfall over Tropical Oceans from Microwave Radiometry: A Single Channel Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new simple retrieval algorithm for estimating area-time averaged rain rates over tropical oceans by using single channel microwave measurements from satellites. The algorithm was tested by using the Nimbus-5 Electrically ...

Kyung-Sup Shin; Phil E. Riba; Gerald R. North

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Tropical Ocean Decadal Variability and Resonance of Planetary Wave Basin Modes. Part II: Numerical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oceanic response to stochastic wind forcing is studied in a tropical–extratropical basin using two shallow water models: a periodically forced model and a time-forward model. Consistent with theory, extratropical stochastic wind forces a decadal ...

Haijun Yang; Zhengyu Liu; Qiong Zhang

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Comparisons of GCM and Observed Surface Wind Fields over the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many of the processes that have important effects on both the climatological distribution and interannual variability of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical oceans are greatly affected by the surface wind field. For this reason ...

Nicholas E. Graham; Tim P. Barnett; Robert M. Chervin; Michael E. Schlesinger; Ulrich Schlese

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Annual Heat Gain of the Tropical Atlantic Computed from Subsurface Ocean Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Charts are presented which show the seasonal and annual rates of heat gain of the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. These rates have been computed using subsurface oceanographic data and wind-stress data. In these computations the interseasonal ...

David W. Behringer; Henry Stommel

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Remote Sea Surface Temperature Variations during ENSO: Evidence for a Tropical Atmospheric Bridge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an El Niño event, positive SST anomalies usually appear in remote ocean basins such as the South China Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the tropical North Atlantic approximately 3 to 6 months after SST anomalies peak in the tropical Pacific. Ship ...

Stephen A. Klein; Brian J. Soden; Ngar-Cheung Lau

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Statistics of the French purse seine fleet targeting tropical tunas in the Indian Ocean (1991-2009)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics of the French purse seine fleet targeting tropical tunas in the Indian Ocean (1991 tropical tunas, i.e. Thunnus albacares, Katsuwonus pelamis, and Thunnus obesus in the Indian Ocean during, catch rates, and mean weights for the major tropical tuna species. Two major fishing modes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

FOAM: Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FOAM: Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model FOAM: Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model FOAM: Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model FOAM is a fully coupled, mixed-resolution, general circulation model designed for high-throughput (simulated years per day) while still providing a good simulated mean climate and simulated variability. FOAM uses the combination of a low resolution (R15) atmosphere model, a highly efficient medium-resolution ocean model, and distributed memory parallel processing to achieve high throughput on relatively modest numbers of processors (16-64). The quality of the simulated climate compares well with higher resolution models. No flux corrections are used. FOAM's intended purpose is to study long-term natural variability in the climate system. FOAM is also well suited for paleoclimate applications. FOAM is highly

175

Intermediate Models of Planetary Circulations in the Atmosphere and Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale extratropical motions (with dimensions comparable to, or somewhat smaller than, the planetary radius) in the atmosphere and ocean exhibit a more restricted range of phenomena than are admissible in the primitive equations for fluid ...

James C. McWilliams; Peter R. Gent

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Influence of Ocean and Atmosphere Components on Simulated Climate Sensitivities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of alternative ocean and atmosphere subcomponents on climate model simulation of transient sensitivities is examined by comparing three GFDL climate models used for phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). The ...

Michael Winton; Alistair Adcroft; Stephen M. Griffies; Robert W. Hallberg; Larry W. Horowitz; Ronald J. Stouffer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

An Iterative Radiative Transfer Code For Ocean-Atmosphere Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the details of an iterative radiative transfer code for computing the intensity and degree of polarization of diffuse radiation in models of the ocean-atmosphere system. The present code neglects the upwelling radiation from below the ...

Ziauddin Ahmad; Robert S. Fraser

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Oceanic Regulation of the Atmospheric Walker Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled theory is proposed to account for the magnitude of the Walker circulation in the tropical Pacific. It is suggested that the Pacific Walker circulation is at a saturation state, at which the zonal sea surface temperature difference is ...

Zhengyu Liu

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Rewriting the Climatology of the Tropical North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Jordan mean tropical sounding has provided a benchmark reference for representing the climatology of the tropical North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea atmosphere for over 50 years. However, recent observations and studies have suggested that ...

Jason P. Dunion

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

NIST Aids the National Oceanic and Atmospheric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ocean Service, Mote Marine Laboratory, Dolphin Quest ... US Fish and Wildlife Service, South Carolina ... blood mercury levels to health parameters in ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The “Footprint” under a Decaying Tropical Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 10 February 1993, during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment, the two NOAA WP-3Ds and the NCAR Electra flew under the anvil region of a decaying mesoscale convective system (MCS). Satellite and ...

Mark F. Geldmeier; Gary M. Barnes

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Effect of Preconditioning on the Extreme Climate Events in the Tropical Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature observations in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean (EEIO) during the period 1950–2003 indicate that Indian Ocean dipole/zonal mode (IODZM) events are strong in two decades, namely, the 1960s and 1990s. Atmospheric ...

H. Annamalai; J. Potemra; R. Murtugudde; J. P. McCreary

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Seasonal Prediction of Thermal Stress Accumulation for Coral Bleaching in the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mass coral bleaching, associated with anomalously warm ocean temperatures over large regions, poses a serious threat to the future health of the world coral reef systems. Seasonal forecasts from coupled ocean–atmosphere models can be a valuable ...

C. M. Spillman; O. Alves; D. A. Hudson

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

TRMM Radar Observations of Shallow Precipitation over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from the precipitation radar aboard the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite provide the first opportunity to map vertical structure properties of rain over the entire Tropics and subtropics. Storm height histograms reveal a ...

David A. Short; Kenji Nakamura

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations of El Niño/Southern Oscillation with and without an Active Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) was coupled with an ocean GCM covering the Pacific. This coupled model (PAC) was integrated over a 30-years period. The PAC model stimulates well the mean seasonally varying atmospheric and ocean ...

T. Nagai; Y. Kitamura; M. Endoh; T. Tokioka

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Using Satellite Ocean Color Data to Derive an Empirical Model for the Penetration Depth of Solar Radiation (Hp) in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-based ocean color measurements indicate clear evidence for bioclimate interactions in the tropical Pacific associated with El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Recent modeling studies have demonstrated that ocean biology can potentially ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Dake Chen; Guihua Wang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Upper Ocean Shear and Density Variability at the Equator during TROPIC HEAT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A four and one-half day time series of upper-ocean shear and density observations was collected in the tropical Pacific Ocean in November 1984. The measurements were made on the equator at 139°50?W during a period when the equatorial undercurrent ...

John M. Toole; Hartmut Peters; Michael C. Gregg

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Customization of RegCM3 Regional Climate Model for Eastern Africa and a Tropical Indian Ocean Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall is a driving factor of climate in the tropics and needs to be properly represented within a climate model. This study customizes the precipitation processes over the tropical regions of eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean using the ...

Neil Davis; Jared Bowden; Fredrick Semazzi; Lian Xie; Bari? Önol

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Diurnal Variation of Precipitation over the Tropical Oceans Observed by TRMM/TMI Combined with SSM/I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) data are used in this study as the first passive microwave information from a precessing orbit to reveal diurnal variations of precipitation over the tropical oceans (30°S–30°N)...

Keiji Imaoka; Roy W. Spencer

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

SOFAR Float Observations of an Intermediate-Depth Eastern Boundary Current and Mesoscale Variability in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two neutrally buoyant SOFAR floats vigorously looped and meandered at depths of 950–1150 m in the eastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. The float trajectories illustrate a poleward flow along the tropical eastern boundary and significant intermediate-...

David M. Fratantoni; Philip L. Richardson

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Rainfall and Radiative Heating Rates from TOGA COARE Atmospheric Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric heat and moisture budgets are used to determine rainfall and radiative heating rates over the western Pacific warm pool during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE). Results are ...

Richard H. Johnson; Paul E. Ciesielski

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coastal ocean to strong offshore winds: With application toand R. L. Smith, 1995: Offshore wind forcing in the Gulf ofwind stress maximum and CCS SST front located roughly 200 km further offshore

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coastal ocean to strong offshore winds: With application toand R. L. Smith, 1995: Offshore wind forcing in the Gulf ofwind stress maximum and CCS SST front located roughly 200 km further offshore

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Antarctic Circumpolar Wave: A Beta Effect in Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling over the Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Antarctic circumpolar wave (ACW) is a nominal 4-yr climate signal in the ocean–atmosphere system in the Southern Ocean, propagating eastward at an average speed of 6–8 cm s?1, composed of two waves taking approximately 8 years to circle the ...

Warren B. White; Shyh-Chin Chen; Ray G. Peterson

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The Relationship between Tibet-Tropical Ocean Thermal Contrast and Interannual Variability of Indian Monsoon Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the northern summer the Tibetan Plateau is a heat source for the atmosphere, and the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Cold Tongue is a heat sink, both contributing to the thermal forcing of large-scale quasi-zonal atmospheric circulation.

Congbin Fu; Joseph O. Fletcher

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The Role of Oceanic Heat Advection in the Evolution of Tropical North and South Atlantic SST Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of horizontal oceanic heat advection in the generation of tropical North and South Atlantic sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies is investigated through an analysis of the oceanic mixed layer heat balance. It is found that SST ...

Gregory R. Foltz; Michael J. McPhaden

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Interannual-to-Decadal Variations of Tropical–Subtropical Exchange in the Pacific Ocean: Boundary versus Interior Pycnocline Transports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual-to-decadal variations of tropical–subtropical mass exchange in the Pacific Ocean are investigated using a near-global ocean general circulation model along with satellite observations of sea level and wind and a data assimilation ...

Tong Lee; Ichiro Fukumori

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Coupled Air-Sea Biennial Mechanism in the Tropical Indian and Pacific Regions: Role of the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in the upper-ocean beat content are part of a mechanism to explain biennial signals in the tropical Indian and Pacific ocean regions. The mechanism involves modulations of the annual cycle of convection and processes of the dynamically ...

Gerald A. Meehl

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Explorations of the Annual Mean Heat Budget of the Tropical Indian Ocean. Part I: Studies with an Idealized Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual mean net heat fluxes from ocean general circulation models (OGCMs) are systematically too low in the tropical Indian Ocean, compared to observations. In the models, only some of the geostrophic inflow replacing southward Ekman outflow is ...

J. Stuart Godfrey; Rui-Jin Hu; Andreas Schiller; R. Fiedler

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Coastal Atmospheric Circulation around an Idealized Cape during Wind-Driven Upwelling Studied from a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study analyzes atmospheric circulation around an idealized coastal cape during summertime upwelling-favorable wind conditions simulated by a mesoscale coupled ocean–atmosphere model. The domain resembles an eastern ocean boundary with a ...

Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad; Roger M. Samelson

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Detecting Source Regions of Wave Activities in the Tropical Atmosphere by Applying Beamforming to Interpolated Data Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave activities are primary sources of weather disturbances and cyclones in the tropical atmosphere. One such activity is the intraseasonal variations in wind, convection, and precipitation in the tropical Indian and western tropical Pacific ...

Qi Hu; Zhaoning Liang; Michael W. Hoffman

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Seasonal Cycle of the Mixed Layer Heat Budget in the Northeastern Tropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonal cycle of the mixed layer heat budget in the northeastern tropical Atlantic (0°–25°N, 18°–28°W) is quantified using in situ and satellite measurements together with atmospheric reanalysis products. This region is characterized by ...

Gregory R. Foltz; Claudia Schmid; Rick Lumpkin

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Two-Box Model of a Zonal Atmospheric Circulation in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple fixed-SST model of a zonal circulation in the tropical atmosphere has been developed that has separate boxes for the ascending and descending branches of the atmospheric circulation. This circulation resembles the Walker circulation. ...

Michael A. Kelly; David A. Randall

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The NCEP–NCAR, NCEP–DOE, and TRMM Tropical Atmosphere Hydrologic Cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimates for the tropical atmospheric hydrologic cycle from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) reanalysis I (RI), the NCEP–Department of Energy (NCEP–DOE) reanalysis II (RII), ...

John Roads

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Impacts of Atmospheric Temperature Trends on Tropical Cyclone Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Impacts of tropical temperature changes in the upper troposphere (UT) and the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) on tropical cyclone (TC) activity are explored. UT and lower TTL cooling both lead to an overall increase in potential intensity (PI), ...

Gabriel A. Vecchi; Stephan Fueglistaler; Isaac M. Held; Thomas R. Knutson; Ming Zhao

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Baiu rainband termination in atmospheric and atmosphere-ocean models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baiu rainband is a summer rainband stretching from eastern China through Japan towards the Northwest Pacific. The climatological termination of the Baiu rainband is investigated using Japanese 25-year ReAnalysis (JRA25), a stand-alone atmospheric ...

Akira Kuwano-Yoshida; Bunmei Taguchi; Shang-Ping Xie

207

Momentum Flux by Lines of Cumulonimbus over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of aircraft and rawinsonde data gathered in nine tropical mesoscale convective line cases indicates that all but two lines systematically increased front-to-rear momentum at heights greater than about 4 km, and rear-to-front momentum ...

Margaret A. LeMone; Gary M. Barnes; Edward J. Zipser

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Examination of the Impact of a Coupled Atmospheric and Ocean Wave System. Part II: Ocean Wave Aspects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmospheric and ocean wave system has been developed to study the impact of changes of surface roughness length induced by ocean waves. A two-way coupling between a mesoscale atmospheric model, MC2, and an oceanic wave model, a regional ...

R. Lalbeharry; J. Mailhot; S. Desjardins; L. Wilson

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Statistics of the French purse seine fishing fleet targeting tropical tunas in the Indian Ocean (1981-2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics of the French purse seine fishing fleet targeting tropical tunas in the Indian Ocean tropical tunas has decreased since the mid-2000s with values in 2011 equal to 7.1 kg, 2.4 kg, and 5.4 kg address: Laurent.Floch@ird.fr (L. Floch) Working Party on Tropical Tunas IOTC-2012-WPTT14-20 ird-00780451

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

Multiscale Variability of the Atmospheric Mixed Layer over the Western Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sounding data from Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) have provided a first opportunity to document the variability of the atmospheric mixed layer over the western Pacific warm pool on ...

Richard H. Johnson; Paul E. Ciesielski; Jennifer A. Cotturone

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Name National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Address 1401 Constitution Avenue, NW Room 5128 Washington, DC 20230 Zip 20230 Phone number (301) 713-4000. Website http://www.noaa.gov/index.html Coordinates 38.892111°, -77.031981° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.892111,"lon":-77.031981,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

212

The Monsoon as a Selfregulating Coupled OceanAtmosphere System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT The Monsoon as a Self­regulating Coupled Ocean­Atmosphere System Peter J. Webster 1 Observational studies have shown that the Asian­Australasian monsoon system exhibits variability over a wide, the South Asian monsoon (at least as described by Indian precipitation) exhibits a smaller range

Webster, Peter J.

213

Thomas H Zurbuchen, Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomas H Zurbuchen, Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences Plasmas Near Mercury: Solar Wind Driving and Surface Interac>ons #12;#12;Mercury Venus.4 kg Power: 2.0 W! 8! #12;9! #12;#12;11! MESSENGER ORBIT! Local Time Definition! 12! 0! 6! 18! Study

214

The Effect of the Ocean Eddy on Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid intensification of Hurricane Katrina followed by the devastation of the U.S. Gulf States highlights the critical role played by an upper-oceanic thermal structure (such as the ocean eddy or Loop Current) in affecting the development of ...

Chun-Chieh Wu; Chia-Ying Lee; I-I. Lin

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Localization of Deep Water Formation: Role of Atmospheric Moisture Transport and Geometrical Constraints on Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of coupled atmosphere–ocean–ice aquaplanet experiments is described in which topological constraints on ocean circulation are introduced to study the role of ocean circulation on the mean climate of the coupled system. It is imagined ...

David Ferreira; John Marshall; Jean-Michel Campin

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Evidence from Tropical Raindrop Spectra of the Origin of Rain from Stratiform versus Convective Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of temporal variations in gamma parameters of raindrop spectra is presented utilizing surface-based observations from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Couple Ocean-Atmosphere Experiment. An observed dramatic change in the N0 ...

Ali Tokay; David A. Short

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Explorations of Atmosphere–Ocean–Ice Climates on an Aquaplanet and Their Meridional Energy Transports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The degree to which total meridional heat transport is sensitive to the details of its atmospheric and oceanic components is explored. A coupled atmosphere, ocean, and sea ice model of an aquaplanet is employed to simulate very different climates—...

Daniel Enderton; John Marshall

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The Effect of Ocean Dynamics and Orography on Atmospheric Storm Tracks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The control of atmospheric storm tracks by ocean dynamics, orography, and their interaction is investigated using idealized experiments with a simplified coupled atmosphere–ocean climate model. The study focuses on the quasi–steady state for the ...

Chris Wilson; Bablu Sinha; Richard G. Williams

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Interannual to Decadal Predictability in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The predictability of the coupled ocean–atmosphere climate system on interannual to decadal timescales has been studied by means of ensemble forecast experiments with a global coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model. Over most parts of ...

A. Grötzner; M. Latif; A. Timmermann; R. Voss

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A Numerical Study of Climatic Oscillations Using a Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Primitive Equation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere-ocean primitive equation model is developed. It is a free-dimensional general circulation model, with two layers in the atmosphere and two layers in the ocean and includes solar radiation, longwave radiation, sensible heating,...

Xiong-Shan Chen

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Distributed Ocean–Atmosphere Modeling and Sensitivity to the Coupling Flux Precision: The CATHODe Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present the distribution of a coupled ocean–atmosphere global circulation model. The atmospheric (ARPEGE) and the oceanic (OPA) components run separately at different sites; the coupling is achieved through the exchanges of fluxes via ...

C. Cassou; P. Noyret; E. Sevault; O. Thual; L. Terray; D. Beaucourt; M. Imbard

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Simulation Errors Associated with the Neglect of Oceanic Salinity in an Atmospheric GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In all the atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) at the Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres (GLA), the influence of oceanic salinity on the saturation vapor pressure of seawater is ignored. Since the relative humidity in the oceanic ...

Y. C. Sud; G. K. Walker

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Interdecadal Variability in a Hybrid Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Sea Ice Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interdecadal climate variability in an idealized coupled ocean–atmosphere–sea-ice model is studied. The ocean component is a fully three-dimensional primitive equation model and the atmospheric component is a two-dimensional (2D) energy balance ...

S. Kravtsov; M. Ghil

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

TOGA-TAO: A Moored Array for Real-time Measurements in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon in year-to-year fluctuations of the global climate has led to efforts to improve the real-time ocean observing system in the tropical Pacific. One element of this improved system is ...

S. P. Hayes; L. J. Mangum; J. Picaut; A. Sumi; K. Takeuchi

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A Comparison of Some Tropical Ocean Models: Hindcast Skill and El Niño Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical Pacific SST hindcasts are examined in the Zebiak and Cane (Lamont), Latif (MPIZ), Oberhuber (OPYC), and GFDL ocean models, each forced by the same wind-stress fields over the 1970–85 time interval. Skill scores reveal that, although all ...

Arthur J. Miller; Tim P. Barnett; Nicholas E. Graham

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Do the Tallest Convective Cells over the Tropical Ocean Have Slow Updrafts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Far from continents, a few storms lift precipitation-size ice particles into the stratosphere, 17 to 18 km above the tropical ocean. This study is the first to examine the observed properties of a large sample of these extremely tall convective ...

Owen A. Kelley; John Stout; Michael Summers; Edward J. Zipser

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 1998-99  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twenty tropical cyclones formed in the South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean region during the 1998- 99 season. An uncharacteristic early start to the season saw the development of cyclone Zelia in early October followed by Alison in early November. But the season was most noted for the development

Sue Oates

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Relationships between Water Vapor Path and Precipitation over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between water vapor path W and surface precipitation rate P over tropical oceanic regions is analyzed using 4 yr of gridded daily SSM/I satellite microwave radiometer data. A tight monthly mean relationship P (mm day?1) = exp[...

Christopher S. Bretherton; Matthew E. Peters; Larissa E. Back

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Abstract Within the tropical and subtropical oceans, tuna forage opportunistically on a wide variety of prey.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Within the tropical and subtropical oceans, tuna forage opportunistically on a wide of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares (23.5­154.0 cm FL), collected from nearshore Fish Aggregating Devices on small juveniles. Yellowfin tuna changed their diets significantly between 45 and 50 cm forklength (ca. 1

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

230

Annual Cycle of Subsurface Thermal Structure in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subsurface thermal structure in the tropical Atlantic Ocean (30°N–20°S, East of 80°W) is studied on the basis of an extensive data bank of subsurface soundings. Calendar monthly maps are presented showing mixed layer depth, base of ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Jacques Merle

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Tropical Indian Ocean Basin Warming and East Asian Summer Monsoon: A Multiple AGCM Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A basin-scale warming is the leading mode of tropical Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) variability on interannual time scales, and it is also the prominent feature of the interdecadal SST trend in recent decades. The influence of the ...

Shuanglin Li; Jian Lu; Gang Huang; Kaiming Hu

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Annual Cycle of SST in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, Diagnosed in an Ocean GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual onset of the east Pacific cold tongue is diagnosed in an ocean GCM simulation of the tropical Pacific. The model uses a mixed-layer scheme that explicitly simulates the processes of vertical exchange of heat and momentum with the ...

William S. Kessler; Lewis M. Rothstein; Dake Chen

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

An Analysis of Tropical Ocean Diurnal Warm Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During periods of light surface wind, a warm stable layer forms at the ocean surface with a maximum sea surface temperature (SST) in the early afternoon. The diurnal SST amplitude (DSA) associated with these diurnal warm layers (DWLs) can reach ...

Hugo Bellenger; Jean-Philippe Duvel

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Parameterization of Vertical Mixing in Numerical Models of Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements indicate that mixing processes are intense in the surface layers of the ocean but weak below the thermocline, except for the region below the core of the Equatorial Undercurrent where vertical temperature gradients are small and the ...

R. C. Pacanowski; S. G. H. Philander

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A Passive Microwave Algorithm for Tropical Oceanic Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study discusses a rainfall algorithm utilizing six channels of microwave radiance data from the Nimbus-7 Scanning Multifrequency Microwave Radiometer. The algorithm is intended for short-term climate studies over the ocean at low latitudes. ...

Barry B. Hinton; William S. Olson; David W. Martin; Brian Auvine

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Tropical Indian Ocean Variability in the IPCC Twentieth-Century Climate Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The twentieth-century simulations using by 17 coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation models (CGCMs) submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report (IPCC AR4) are evaluated for their skill in ...

N. H. Saji; S-P. Xie; T. Yamagata

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A Land–Atmospheric Interaction Study in the Coastal Tropical City of San Juan, Puerto Rico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the surface–atmospheric interaction in a tropical coastal city including the validation of an atmospheric modeling and an impact study of land-cover and land-use (LCLU) changes. The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS)...

Daniel E. Comarazamy; Jorge E. González; Jeffrey C. Luvall; Douglas L. Rickman; Pedro J. Mulero

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Diurnal Coupling in the Tropical Oceans of CCSM3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New features that may affect the behavior of the upper ocean in the Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) are described. In particular, the addition of an idealized diurnal cycle of solar forcing where the daily mean solar radiation ...

Gokhan Danabasoglu; William G. Large; Joseph J. Tribbia; Peter R. Gent; Bruce P. Briegleb; James C. McWilliams

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Land–Atmosphere Interaction Theory for the Tropical Deforestation Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical framework is developed in understanding the mechanisms and processes determining the response of the land–atmosphere system to tropical deforestation. The analytical approach is made possible by simplifications in the vertical from ...

Ning Zeng; J. David Neelin

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Sensitivities and Mechanisms of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation Response to Tropical Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although El Niño and global warming are both characterized by warming in the tropical upper troposphere, the latitudinal changes of the Hadley cell edge and midlatitude eddy-driven jet are opposite in sign. Using an idealized dry atmospheric model,...

Lantao Sun; Gang Chen; Jian Lu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Assimilation of Synthetic Tropical Cyclone Observations into the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In June 1990, the assimilation of synthetic tropical cyclone observations into the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) was initiated at Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center (FNOC). These observations are derived directly ...

James S. Goerss; Richard A. Jeffries

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Continuous Humidity Monitoring in a Tropical Region with the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radar remote sensing technique that estimates humidity profiles using a wind profiler is applied to the equatorial atmosphere radar (EAR) to monitor detailed humidity variations in tropical regions. Turbulence echo power intensity is related to ...

Jun-ichi Furumoto; Toshitaka Tsuda; Satoshi Iwai; Toshiaki Kozu

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Linear and Nonlinear Extratropical Response of the Atmosphere to Tropical Intraseasonal Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the dynamical nature of the linear and nonlinear extratropical response of the atmosphere to tropical intraseasonal heating with various temporal and spatial structures. A global two-level model is used. It is found that the ...

Ileana Bladé; Dennis L. Hartmann

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Influence of Tropical Deforestation on the Northern Hemisphere Climate by Atmospheric Teleconnections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous studies have identified the regional-scale climate response to tropical deforestation through changes to water, energy, and momentum fluxes between the land surface and the atmosphere. There has been little research, however, on the role ...

Peter K. Snyder

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

An Examination of Tropical Cyclone Position, Intensity, and Intensity Life Cycle within Atmospheric Reanalysis Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following study examines the position and intensity differences of tropical cyclones (TCs) among the Best-Track and five atmospheric reanalysis datasets to evaluate the degree to which reanalyses are appropriate for studying TCs. While ...

Benjamin A. Schenkel; Robert E. Hart

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Linear Response of a Stratified Global Atmosphere to Tropical Thermal Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear response of model normal modes in a stratified atmosphere to tropical thermal forcing is investigated by using global primitive equations which are linearized with respect to a resting state and include a prescribed thermal forcing and ...

Akira Kasahara

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 2000-01  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twelve tropical cyclones formed in the South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean during the 2000-01 tropical cyclone season. Of these, four formed in the South Pacific east of 160°E. Cyclone numbers in the Australian region were slightly below average, while numbers in the South Pacific were significantly less than average. The season was characterised by moderate La Niña conditions, weakening towards the end of the season. Cyclone occurrences were linked to active phases of the 30 to 60-day intraseasonal oscillation.

P. W. Bate

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Convection over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean during Northern Summer. Part I: Interannual and Diurnal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some aspects of the interannual and the diurnal variations of the convection over the tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are derived using Meteosat data. The study is based on four summer months (June, July, August and September) of three ...

Jean Philippe Duvel

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The NCEP GODAS Ocean Analysis of the Tropical Pacific Mixed Layer Heat Budget on Seasonal to Interannual Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mixed layer heat budget in the tropical Pacific is diagnosed using pentad (5 day) averaged outputs from the Global Ocean Data Assimilation System (GODAS), which is operational at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The ...

Boyin Huang; Yan Xue; Dongxiao Zhang; Arun Kumar; Michael J. McPhaden

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The Diurnal Variation of Atlantic Ocean Tropical Cyclone aoud DistributionInferred from Geostationary Satellite Infrared Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-measured equivalent blackbody temperatures of Atlantic Ocean tropical cyclones are used to describe the associated convection and cloud patterns. Average equivalent blackbody temperatures were developed from 538 geostationary satellite ...

Joseph Steranka; Edward B. Rodgers; R. Cecil Gentry

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Annual and Interannual Variation of the Freshwater Budget in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual and interannual variations of the moisture and freshwater budgets are examined in the tropical Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The seasonal moisture budget (E–P) is calculated by estimating precipitation from 11 years of outgoing ...

Jung-Moon Yoo; James A. Carton

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Effect of Wind–Wave–Current Interaction on Air–Sea Momentum Fluxes and Ocean Response in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the wind–wave–current interaction mechanisms in tropical cyclones and their effect on the surface wave and ocean responses are investigated through a set of numerical experiments. The key element of the authors’ modeling approach ...

Yalin Fan; Isaac Ginis; Tetsu Hara

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Contributions of ENSO and East Indian Ocean SSTA to the Interannual Variability of Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Frequency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study attempts to understand contributions of ENSO and the boreal summer sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) in the East Indian Ocean (EIO) to the interannual variability of tropical cyclone (TC) frequency over the western North Pacific (...

Ruifen Zhan; Yuqing Wang; Xiaotu Lei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

A Satellite Study of the Relationship between Sea Surface Temperature and Column Water Vapor over Tropical and Subtropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The known characteristics of the relationship between sea surface temperature (SST) and column water vapor (CWV) are reevaluated with recent satellite observations over tropical and subtropical oceans. Satellite data acquired by the Aqua Advanced ...

Kaya Kanemaru; Hirohiko Masunaga

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Some Large-Scale Characteristics Associated with Tropical Cyclone Development in the North Indian Ocean during FGGE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the meteorological conditions associated with tropical cyclone formation in the north Indian Ocean during the 1979 FGGE year. Seven developing systems are composited together using FUGE Ill-b analyses to show the common ...

Cheng-Shang Lee; Roger Edson; William M. Gray

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Effects of Tropical Cyclones on Ocean Heat Transport in a High-Resolution Coupled General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the interplay between tropical cyclones (TCs) and the Northern Hemispheric ocean heat transport (OHT) is investigated. In particular, results from a numerical simulation of the twentieth-century and twenty-first-century climates, ...

Enrico Scoccimarro; Silvio Gualdi; Alessio Bellucci; Antonella Sanna; Pier Giuseppe Fogli; Elisa Manzini; Marcello Vichi; Paolo Oddo; Antonio Navarra

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Relative Roles of Elevated Heating and Surface Temperature Gradients in Driving Anomalous Surface Winds over Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elevated heating by cumulus convection and sea surface temperature gradients are both thought to contribute to surface winds over tropical oceans. The relative strength and role of each mechanism is examined by imposing forcing derived from data ...

John C. H. Chiang; Stephen E. Zebiak; Mark A. Cane

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Fitting Dynamic Models to the Geosat Sea Level Observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Part I: A Free Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free, equatorially trapped sinusoidal wave solutions to a linear model on an equatorial beta plane are used to fit the Geosat altimetric sea level observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. The Kalman filter technique is used to estimate the ...

Lee-Lueng Fu; Jorge Vazquez; Claire Perigaud

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Synoptic Variability of Ocean–Atmosphere Turbulent Fluxes Associated with Atmospheric Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic-scale variability in the air–sea turbulent fluxes in the areas of midlatitudinal western boundary currents is analyzed. In the Gulf Stream area, ocean–atmosphere fluxes on synoptic time- and space scales are clearly coordinated with the ...

Olga Zolina; Sergey K. Gulev

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Response of a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model to Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Sensitivity to the Rate of Increase  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of differing rates of increase of the atmospheric CO2 concentration on the climatic response is investigated using a coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Five transient integrations are performed each using a different constant ...

Ronald J. Stouffer; Syukuro Manabe

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Multiple-Century Response of a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model to an Increase of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To speculate on the future change of climate over several centuries, three 500-year integrations of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model were performed. In addition to the standard integration in which the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide ...

Syukuro Manabe; Ronald J. Stouffer

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 2003-04  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twelve tropical cyclones (TCs) formed in the combined southeast Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean basins, all of which formed between December and March. This was well below the long-term average of 18.9 and becomes the fifth consecutive year of below average occurrences of TCs over this region. However, of the 20 TCs to occur in the southern hemisphere as a whole, eight of those became intense tropical cyclones (ITC), resulting in an above average number of ITCs and ITC days in the southern hemisphere. The El Niño Southern – Oscillation (ENSO) should not have been a modulating influence, in this ENSO-neutral season. The majority of TCs coincided with active phases of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO).

R. Mcinerney; J. Farlow; E. Henry; B. Lynch; I. Shepherd; T. Smith

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The Direct Response to Tropical Heating in a Baroclinic Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global response to tropical heating is studied by performing a time integration of a 15-level primitive equation model, starting with a basic flow maintained by a constant forcing. The direct, quasi-steady response to the tropical heating is ...

Feifei Jin; Brian J. Hoskins

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A sustained oscillation in a toy-model of the coupled atmosphere-ocean system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interaction between atmospheric mid-latitude flow and wind-driven ocean circulation is studied coupling two idealized low-order spectral models. The barotropic Charney-DeVore model with three components simulates a bimodal mid-latitude atmospheric circulation in a channel with two stable flow patterns induced by topography. The wind-driven ocean double gyre circulation in a square basin (of half the channel length) is modeled by an equivalent barotropic formulation of the Veronis model with 21 components, which captures Rossby-wave dynamics and nonlinear decadal variability. When coupled, the atmosphere forces the ocean by wind-stress while, simultaneously, the ocean affects the atmosphere by thermal forcing in terms of a vorticity source. Coupled atmosphere-ocean simulations show two stable flow patterns associated with the topographically induced atmospheric bimodality and a sustained oscillation due to interaction between atmospheric bimodality and oceanic Rossby dynamics. The oscillation is of inter-annua...

Bothe, Oliver

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Self-Stratification of Tropical Cyclone Outflow. Part II: Implications for Storm Intensification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones intensify and are maintained by surface enthalpy fluxes that result from the thermodynamics disequilibrium that exists between the tropical oceans and atmosphere. While this general result has been known ...

Emanuel, Kerry Andrew

266

Coupled Variability and Predictability in a Stochastic Climate Model of the Tropical Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coupled variability and predictability of the tropical Atlantic ocean–atmosphere system were analyzed within the framework of a linear stochastic climate model. Despite the existence of a meridional dipole as the leading mode, tropical ...

Faming Wang; Ping Chang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Multimodel Analysis of the Water Vapor Feedback in the Tropical Upper Troposphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships between the mean humidity in the tropical upper troposphere and tropical sea surface temperatures in 17 coupled ocean–atmosphere global climate models were investigated. This analysis builds on a prior study of humidity and surface ...

Ken Minschwaner; Andrew E. Dessler; Parnchai Sawaengphokhai

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Regional Tropical Precipitation Change Mechanisms in ECHAM4/OPYC3 under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms of global warming impacts on regional tropical precipitation are examined in a coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (ECHAM4/OPYC3). The pattern of the regional tropical precipitation changes, once established, tends to ...

Chia Chou; J. David Neelin; Jien-Yi Tu; Cheng-Ta Chen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The Impact of Ice Phase Cloud Parameterizations on Tropical Cyclone Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of ice phase cloud microphysical processes on prediction of tropical cyclone environment is examined for two microphysical parameterizations using the Coupled Ocean / Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System –Tropical Cyclone model. An ...

Yi Jin; Shouping Wang; Jason Nachamkin; James D. Doyle; Gregory Thompson; Louis Grasso; Teddy Holt; Jon Moskaitis; Hao Jin; Richard M. Hodur; Qingyun Zhao; Ming Liu; Mark DeMaria

270

A 2 Degree of Freedom Dynamical System for Interdecadal Oscillations of the Ocean–Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A four-box model of the ocean–atmosphere is constructed that exhibits self-sustained oscillations in the regime of decadal to interdecadal periods found in oceanic general circulation models under certain boundary conditions. The oscillations are ...

Alain Colin de Verdière; Thierry Huck

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Stability and Variability in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Climate Model: Results of 100-year Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two 100-year seasonal simulators, one performed with a low resolution atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) coupled to a mixed-layer ocean formulation and the other made with the GCM forced by prescribed ocean conditions, are compared to ...

David D. Houghton; Robert G. Gallimore; Linda M. Keller

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The Nature of Predictability Enhancement in a Low-Order Ocean-Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low-order moist general circulation model of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system is reexamined to determine the source of short-term predictability enhancement that occurs when an oceanic circulation is activated. The predictability enhancement ...

Jon M. Nese; Arthur J. Miller; John A. Dutton

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Unstable and Damped Equatorial Modes in Simple Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free equatorial modes for several simple coupled ocean-atmosphere models are determined. They are found to include unstable and damped modes of large zonal scale and long period. The influence of ocean thermo-dynamics on unstable modal behavior ...

Anthony C. Hirst

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Technical Sessions B. E. Manner National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B. E. Manner B. E. Manner National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Wave Propagation Laboratory 130ulder, CO 80303 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) pirog ram goals are ambitious, and its schedule is demanding. Many of the instruments, proposed for operations at the first Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site as early alS 1992 represent emerging technology and exist only as :special research prototypes. Therefore, an important preparatory step for ARM was an intensive field project in Colorado in 1991 to assess the suitability of instruments an(j tech- niques for profiling the thermodynamic and kinematic structure of the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The field work was designed to provide ARM with a head start by gathering practical information for the desigln and

275

The Competition of Freshwater and Radiation in Forcing the Ocean during El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative roles of heat and freshwater fluxes in forcing the tropical Pacific on interannual timescales are investigated using sophisticated atmospheric and oceanic general circulation models.

Niklas Schneider; Tim P. Barnett

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Scaling laws for the tropical cyclone derived from the stationary atmospheric vortex equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of a numerical study of the differential equation governing the stationary states of the two-dimensional planetary atmosphere and magnetized plasma (within the Charney Hasegawa Mima model). The results show an interesting similarity with the morphology of a tropical cyclone. Quantitative comparisons are also favorable and several scaling laws can be formulated connecting the charactersistic physical parameters of the tropical cyclone.

Spineanu, F; Spineanu, Florin; Vlad, Madalina

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The association of tropical and extratropical climate modes to atmospheric blocking across southeastern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) with atmospheric blocking are investigated using a linear framework over the austral autumn-spring (cool) seasons for southeast ...

Tim Cowan; Peter van Rensch; Ariaan Purich; Wenju Cai

278

Tropical Atlantic Biases in CCSM4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on diagnosing biases in the seasonal climate of the tropical Atlantic in the twentieth-century simulation of the Community Climate System Model, version 4 (CCSM4). The biases appear in both atmospheric and oceanic components. ...

Semyon A. Grodsky; James A. Carton; Sumant Nigam; Yuko M. Okumura

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Lag Relationships Involving Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A long historical record (100 years) of monthly sea surface temperature anomalies from the Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Data Set was used to examined the lag relationships between different locations in the global Tropics. Application of ...

John R. Lanzante

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Environmental Control of Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of various environmental factors on tropical cyclone intensity is explored using a simple coupled ocean–atmosphere model. It is first demonstrated that this model is capable of accurately replicating the intensity evolution of ...

Kerry Emanuel; Christopher DesAutels; Christopher Holloway; Robert Korty

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An Examination of the AGCM Simulated Surface Wind Stress and Low-Level Winds over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The monthly mean surface wind stress and winds in the lower troposphere for 1986–92 simulated by the Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) forced with observed sea surface temperature (SST) is ...

Bohua Huang; J. Shukla

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A Coupled Dynamical Ocean–Energy Balance Atmosphere Model for Paleoclimate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Bern3D coupled three-dimensional dynamical ocean–energy balance atmosphere model is introduced and the atmospheric component is discussed in detail. The model is of reduced complexity, developed to perform extensive sensitivity studies and ...

Stefan P. Ritz; Thomas F. Stocker; Fortunat Joos

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Estimating Meridional Energy Transports by the Atmospheric and Oceanic General Circulations Using Boundary Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual-mean meridional energy transport in the atmosphere–ocean system (total transport) is estimated using 4-yr mean net radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) calculated from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology ...

Y-C. Zhang; W. B. Rossow

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Ice Response to Variations in the Southern Annular Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coupled ocean–atmosphere–ice response to variations in the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is examined in the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Coupled Climate Model (version 2). The model shows considerable skill in ...

Alexander Sen Gupta; Matthew H. England

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM). Part I: Shallow-Water Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM) has been developed to extend the capabilities of the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) to a global model domain. OLAM adopts many features of its predecessor, including physical parameterizations, ...

Robert L. Walko; Roni Avissar

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Observational Evidence for Oceanic Forcing of Atmospheric Variability in the Nordic Seas Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Substantial predictability of the wintertime atmospheric variability in the Nordic (Greenland–Iceland–Norwegian and Barents) seas region is reported based on oceanic observations and atmospheric reanalysis data. In particular, about 60% of the ...

Pawel Schlichtholz

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Impact of Atmosphere–Ocean Coupling on the Predictability of Monsoon Intraseasonal Oscillations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of air–sea coupling on the predictability of monsoon intraseasonal oscillations (MISO) has been investigated with an atmosphere–ocean coupled model and its atmospheric component. From a 15-yr coupled control run, 20 MISO events are ...

Xiouhua Fu; Bin Wang; Duane E. Waliser; Li Tao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Adjustment to Radiative Forcing in a Simple Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study calculates the adjustment to radiative forcing in a simple model of a mixed layer ocean coupled to the overlying atmosphere. One application of the model is to calculate how dust aerosols perturb the temperature of the atmosphere and ...

R. L. Miller

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Basic Effects of Atmosphere–Ocean Thermal Coupling on Midlatitude Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting from the assumption that the atmosphere is the primary source of variability internal to the midlatitude atmosphere–ocean system on intraseasonal to interannual timescales, the authors construct a simple stochastically forced, one-...

Joseph J. Barsugli; David S. Battisti

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Low-Frequency Variability in the Midlatitude Atmosphere Induced by an Oceanic Thermal Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the flow induced in a highly idealized atmospheric model by an east–west-oriented oceanic thermal front. The model has a linear marine boundary layer coupled to a quasigeostrophic, equivalent- barotropic free atmosphere. The ...

Yizhak Feliks; Michael Ghil; Eric Simonnet

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Investigating the Utility of Using Cross-Oceanic Training Sets for Superensemble Forecasting of Eastern Pacific Tropical Cyclone Track and Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines how combining training-set forecasts from two separate oceanic basins affects the resulting tropical cyclone track and intensity forecasts in a particular oceanic basin. Atlantic and eastern Pacific training sets for 2002 and ...

Mark R. Jordan II; T. N. Krishnamurti; Carol Anne Clayson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Studies of regional-scale climate variability and change: Hidden Markov models and coupled ocean-atmosphere modes  

SciTech Connect

In this project we developed further a twin approach to the study of regional-scale climate variability and change. The two approaches involved probabilistic network (PN) models (sometimes called dynamic Bayesian networks) and intermediate-complexity coupled ocean-atmosphere models (ICMs). We thus made progress in identifying the predictable modes of climate variability and investigating their impacts on the regional scale. In previous work sponsored by DOE�s Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP), we had developed a family of PNs (similar to Hidden Markov Models) to simulate historical records of daily rainfall, and used them to downscale seasonal predictions of general circulation models (GCMs). Using an idealized atmospheric model, we had established a novel mechanism through which ocean-induced sea-surface temperature (SST) anomalies might in�uence large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns on interannual and longer time scales; similar patterns were found in a hybrid coupled ocean�atmosphere�sea-ice model. In this continuation project, we built on these ICM results and PN model development to address prediction of rainfall and temperature statistics at the local scale, associated with global climate variability and change, and to investigate the impact of the latter on coupled ocean�atmosphere modes. Our main project results consist of extensive further development of the hidden Markov models for rainfall simulation and downscaling together with the development of associated software; new intermediate coupled models; a new methodology of inverse modeling for linking ICMs with observations and GCM simulations, called empirical mode reduction (EMR); and observational studies of decadal and multi-decadal natural climate variability, informed by ICM simulations. A particularly timely by-product of this work is an extensive study of clustering of cyclone tracks in the extratropical Atlantic and the western Tropical Pacific, with potential applications to predicting landfall.

M. Ghil (UCLA), PI; S. Kravtsov (UWM); A. W. Robertson (IRI); P. Smyth (UCI)

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

293

Diurnal Characteristics of Precipitation Features over the Tropical East Pacific: A Comparison of the EPIC and TEPPS Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the diurnal cycle of precipitation features in two regions of the tropical east Pacific where field campaigns [the East Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System (EPIC) and the Tropical ...

R. Cifelli; S. W. Nesbitt; S. A. Rutledge; W. A. Petersen; S. Yuter

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A Composite Life Cycle of Nonsquall Mesoscale Convective Systems over the Tropical Ocean. Part I: Kinematic Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind fields associated with cloud clusters observed during the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) are investigated. A compositing procedure is devised to isolate the cluster circulations. Satellite-...

Edward I. Tollerud; Steven K. Esbensen

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Composite Life Cycle of Nonsquall Mesoscale Convective Systems over the Tropical Ocean. Part II: Heat and Moisture Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heat and moisture budgets associated with five large nonsquall cloud clusters observed during Phase 3 of the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) are investigated. The input data for the budget ...

Steven K. Esbensen; Jough-Tai Wang; Edward I. Tollerud

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

On the Heat Budget of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere in the Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heat budget of the atmosphere-ocean-land system in the Indian Ocean region (30°N–30°S, 30–120°E) is studied on the basis of ocean surface heat flux calculations from long-term ship observations and satellite-derived estimates of net radiation ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Peter J. Lamb

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Scripps Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Regional (SCOAR) Model, with Applications in the Eastern Pacific Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional coupled ocean–atmosphere model is introduced. It is designed to admit the air–sea feedbacks arising in the presence of an oceanic mesoscale eddy field. It consists of the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and the Regional Spectral ...

Hyodae Seo; Arthur J. Miller; John O. Roads

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Effects of atmospheric inorganic nitrogen deposition on ocean biogeochemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to decadal global forcing for ocean and sea-ice models: Theorganic nitrogen to the oceans, Nature, 376, 243 – 246.trace species to the world ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles,

Krishnamurthy, Aparna; Moore, J. Keith; Zender, Charles S; Luo, Chao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Relations between Northward Ocean and Atmosphere Energy Transports in a Coupled Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Third Hadley Centre Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Model (HadCM3) is used to analyze the relation between northward energy transports in the ocean and atmosphere at centennial time scales. In a transient water-hosing experiment, ...

Michael Vellinga; Peili Wu

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Climate Simulations for 1951–2050 with a Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors simulate climate change for 1951–2050 using the GISS SI2000 atmospheric model coupled to HYCOM, a quasi-isopycnal ocean model (“ocean E”), and contrast the results with those obtained using the same atmosphere coupled to a passive Q-...

Shan Sun; James E. Hansen

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Long-Term Oscillations in the Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean System and El Niño Phenomenon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of slow oscillations in the coupled atmosphere–ocean system in equatorial regions is investigated with a coupled atmosphere–ocean model in which surface wind stress and surface latent heat flux and other heat inputs associated with SST ...

H. L. Kuo

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The oceanic cycle and global atmospheric budget of carbonyl sulfide  

SciTech Connect

A significant portion of stratospheric air chemistry is influenced by the existence of carbonyl sulfide (COS). This ubiquitous sulfur gas represents a major source of sulfur to the stratosphere where it is converted to sulfuric acid aerosol particles. Stratospheric aerosols are climatically important because they scatter incoming solar radiation back to space and are able to increase the catalytic destruction of ozone through gas phase reactions on particle surfaces. COS is primarily formed at the surface of the earth, in both marine and terrestrial environments, and is strongly linked to natural biological processes. However, many gaps in the understanding of the global COS cycle still exist, which has led to a global atmospheric budget that is out of balance by a factor of two or more, and a lack of understanding of how human activity has affected the cycling of this gas. The goal of this study was to focus on COS in the marine environment by investigating production/destruction mechanisms and recalculating the ocean-atmosphere flux.

Weiss, P.S.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

303

Variability of the Thermohaline Circulation in an Ocean General Circulation Model Coupled to an Atmospheric Energy Balance Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variability of the ocean’s thermohaline circulation in an oceanic general circulation model (OGCM) coupled to a two-dimensional atmospheric energy balance model (EBM) is examined. The EBM calculates air temperatures by balancing heat fluxes, ...

David W. Pierce; K-Y. Kim; Tim P. Barnett

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Resonant Forcing of Mixed Layer Inertial Motions by Atmospheric Easterly Waves in the Northeast Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Westward-propagating atmospheric easterly waves contribute to much of the variability of the low-level wind fields within the northeast tropical Pacific. With the dominant period of these waves (3–5 days) close to the local inertial period (2.4 ...

John B. Mickett; Yolande L. Serra; Meghan F. Cronin; Matthew H. Alford

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Seasonal and Long-Term Atmospheric Responses to Reemerging North Pacific Ocean Variability: A Combined Dynamical and Statistical Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric response to a North Pacific subsurface oceanic temperature anomaly is studied in a coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model using a combined dynamical and statistical approach, with the focus on the evolution at seasonal ...

Zhengyu Liu; Yun Liu; Lixin Wu; R. Jacob

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Explorations of the Annual Mean Heat Budget of the Tropical Indian Ocean. Part II: Studies with a Simplified Ocean General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Present-day OGCMs give low values of annual mean net heat flux (AMNHF) in the tropical Indian Ocean, compared to climatologies. AMNHF generation is examined in an open-boundary model of this region with realistic coastlines. In the first two of ...

Rui-Jin Hu; J. Stuart Godfrey

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Indian Ocean Dipolelike Variability in the CSIRO Mark 3 Coupled Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupled ocean–atmosphere variability in the tropical Indian Ocean is explored with a multicentury integration of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Mark 3 climate model, which runs without flux adjustment. ...

Wenju Cai; Harry H. Hendon; Gary Meyers

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx): Goals, platforms, and field operations  

SciTech Connect

The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) was an international field program designed to make observations of poorly understood but critical components of the coupled climate system of the southeast Pacific. This region is characterized by strong coastal upwelling, the coolest SSTs in the tropical belt, and is home to the largest subtropical stratocumulus deck on Earth. The field intensive phase of VOCALS-REx took place during October and November 2008 and constitutes a critical part of a broader CLIVAR program (VOCALS) designed to develop and promote scientific activities leading to improved understanding, model simulations, and predictions of the southeastern Pacific (SEP) coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system, on diurnal to interannual timescales. The other major components of VOCALS are a modeling program with a model hierarchy ranging from the local to global scales, and a suite of extended observations from regular research cruises, instrumented moorings, and satellites. The two central themes of VOCALS-REx focus upon (a) links between aerosols, clouds and precipitation and their impacts on marine stratocumulus radiative properties, and (b) physical and chemical couplings between the upper ocean and the lower atmosphere, including the role that mesoscale ocean eddies play. A set of hypotheses designed to be tested with the combined field, monitoring and modeling work in VOCALS is presented here. A further goal of VOCALS-REx is to provide datasets for the evaluation and improvement of large-scale numerical models. VOCALS-REx involved five research aircraft, two ships and two surface sites in northern Chile. We describe the instrument payloads and key mission strategies for these platforms and give a summary of the missions conducted.

Wood, R.; Springston, S.; Mechoso, C. R.; Bretherton, C. S.; A.Weller, R.; Huebert, B.; Straneo, F.; Albrecht, B. A.; Coe, H.; Allen, G.; Vaughan, G.; Daum, P.; Fairall, C.; Chand, D.; Klenner, L. G.; Garreaud, R.; Grados, C.; Covert, D. S.; Bates, T. S.; Krejci, R.; Russell, L. M.; Szoeke, S. d.; Brewer, A.; Yuter, S. E.; Chaigneau, A.; Toniazzo, T.; Minnis, P.; Palikonda, R.; Abel, S. J.; Brown, W. O. J.; Williams, S.; Fochesatto, J.; Brioude, J.; Bower, K. N

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Mixing Measurements on an Equatorial Ocean Mooring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vaned, internally recording instruments that measure temperature fluctuations using FP07 thermistors, including fluctuations in the turbulence wavenumber band, have been built, tested, and deployed on a Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) mooring at ...

J. N. Moum; J. D. Nash

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Decadal Variability of Two Oceans and an Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of the midlatitude, large-scale interaction between the upper ocean and the troposphere is used to illustrate possible mechanisms of connection between the decadal variability in the North Atlantic and in the North Pacific. The two ocean ...

Blanca Gallego; Paola Cessi

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

An Enhanced Influence of Tropical Indian Ocean on the South Asia High after the Late 1970s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Indian Ocean (TIO)’s influence on the South Asia high (SAH)’s intensity experiences a decadal change in the late 1970s; after (before) the decadal shift, the influence is significant (insignificant). The present study investigates the ...

Xia Qu; Gang Huang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Computational study of atmospheric transfer radiation on an equatorial tropical desert (La Tatacoa, Colombia)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiative transfer models explain and predict interaction between solar radiation and the different elements present in the atmosphere, which are responsible for energy attenuation. In Colombia there have been neither measurements nor studies of atmospheric components such as gases and aerosols that can cause turbidity and pollution. Therefore satellite images cannot be corrected radiometrically in a proper way. When a suitable atmospheric correction is carried out, loss of information is avoided, which may be useful for discriminating image land cover. In this work a computational model was used to find radiative atmospheric attenuation (300 1000nm wavelength region) on an equatorial tropical desert (La Tatacoa, Colombia) in order to conduct an adequate atmospheric correction.

Delgado-Correal, Camilo; Castaño, Gabriel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The role of the tropical super greenhouse effect in heating the ocean surface  

SciTech Connect

Measurements made by a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroradiometer operating in the middle infrared (5 to 20 micrometers, with a spectral resolution of one inverse centimeter) imply that there is an anomalously large greenhouse effect over equatorial oceans that is caused by water vapor. As sea-surface temperature increased from 297 to 303 degrees kelvin, the net infrared cooling at the surface decreased by 30 to 50 watts per square meter. Thus, according to the FTIR data, the super greenhouse effect that has been inferred from satellite measurements contributes directly to radiative heating of the sea surface. The data demonstrate that most of this heating occurs in the middle infrared by means of the continuum emission window of water vapor and that tropical deep convection contributes substantially to this super greenhouse effect.

Lubin, D. (Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States))

1994-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Mean and the Time Variability of the Shallow Meridional Overturning Circulation in the Tropical South Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meridional transport in the Pacific Ocean subtropical cell is studied for the period from 2004 to 2011 using gridded Argo temperature and salinity profiles and atmospheric reanalysis surface winds. The poleward Ekman and equatorward ...

N. V. Zilberman; D. H. Roemmich; S. T. Gille

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Interactions in the Southeastern Pacific: The VOCALS Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper describes the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study (VOCALS), an international research program focused on the improved understanding and modeling of the southeastern Pacific (SEP) climate system on diurnal to interannual timescales. ...

C. R. Mechoso; R. Wood; R. Weller; C. S. Bretherton; A. D. Clarke; H. Coe; C. Fairall; J. T. Farrar; G. Feingold; R. Garreaud; C. Grados; J. McWilliams; S. P. de Szoeke; S. E. Yuter; P. Zuidema

316

Tropospheric Mean Temperature and Its Relationship to the Oceans and Atmospheric Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple-regression analyses of changes in tropospheric mean temperature as predictands and Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures and atmospheric aerosol concentrations as predictors show that large fractions of the ...

Alfredo R. Navato; Reginald E. Newell; Jane C. Hsiung; Clare B. Billing Jr.; Bryan C. Weare

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Understanding El Niño in Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Models: Progress and Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determining how El Niño and its impacts may change over the next 10 to 100 years remains a difficult scientific challenge. Ocean–atmosphere coupled general circulation models (CGCMs) are routinely used both to analyze El Niño mechanisms and ...

Eric Guilyardi; Andrew Wittenberg; Alexey Fedorov; Mat Collins; Chunzai Wang; Antonietta Capotondi; Geert Jan van Oldenborgh; Tim Stockdale

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Characteristics of Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers Inferred from Satellite Observations over the Eastern North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Narrow elongated regions of moisture transport known as atmospheric rivers (ARs), which affect the West Coast of North America, were simultaneously observed over the eastern North Pacific Ocean by the polar orbiting CloudSat and Aqua satellites. ...

Sergey Y. Matrosov

319

North Atlantic Interannual Variability in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary mode of sea surface temperature variability in the North Atlantic on interannual timescales during winter is examined in a coupled ocean–atmosphere model. The model, developed at die Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, is global in ...

Thomas L. Delworth

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Transient Climate Change Simulations with a Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean GCM Including the Tropospheric Sulfur Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-dependent climate response to changing concentrations of greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosols is studied using a coupled general circulation model of the atmosphere and the ocean (ECHAM4/OPYC3). The concentrations of the well-mixed ...

E. Roeckner; L. Bengtsson; J. Feichter; J. Lelieveld; H. Rodhe

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean GCM Study of the ENSO Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines interannual variability produced by a recent version of the University of California, Los Angeles, coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (CGCM). The CGCM is shown to produce ENSO-like climate variability with ...

Jin-Yi Yu; Carlos R. Mechoso

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Characterization of Turbulent Latent and Sensible Heat Flux Exchange between the Atmosphere and Ocean in MERRA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulent fluxes of heat and moisture across the atmosphere–ocean interface are fundamental components of the earth’s energy and water balance. Characterizing both the spatiotemporal variability and the fidelity of these exchanges of heat and ...

J. Brent Roberts; Franklin R. Robertson; Carol A. Clayson; Michael G. Bosilovich

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Latent and Sensible Heat Flux Anomalies over the Northern Oceans: The Connection to Monthly Atmospheric Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the atmospheric circulation on monthly anomalies of ocean surface latent and sensible heat fluxes is explored. The fluxes are estimated using bulk formulas applied to a set of about four decades of marine observations over 1946–...

Daniel R. Cayan

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Dynamics in a Simple Midlatitude Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midlatitude air–sea interactions are investigated by coupling a stochastically forced two-layer quasigeostrophic channel atmosphere to a simple ocean model. The stochastic forcing has a large-scale standing pattern to simulate the main modes of ...

David Ferreira; Claude Frankignoul; John Marshall

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Role of Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions in the CO2 Climate Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climate sensitivity question is examined from the viewpoint of surface energy balance considerations. This approach clarifies the role of ocean-atmosphere interactions in determining the surface warming to an increase in CO2. The study uses a ...

V. Ramanathan

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Climate Simulation for 125 kyr BP with a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ECHAM-1 T21/LSG coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model (GCM) is used to simulate climatic conditions at the last interglacial maximum (Eemian, 125 kyr BP). The results reflect the expected surface temperature changes (with respect ...

Marisa Montoya; Hans von Storch; Thomas J. Crowley

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Low-Frequency Variability in the Midlatitude Baroclinic Atmosphere Induced by an Oceanic Thermal Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the flow induced by an east–west-oriented oceanic thermal front in a highly idealized baroclinic model. Previous work showed that thermal fronts could produce energetic midlatitude jets in an equivalent-barotropic atmosphere ...

Yizhak Feliks; Michael Ghil; Eric Simonnet

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Implied Ocean Heat Transports in the Standard and Superparameterized Community Atmospheric Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Implied ocean heat transport (To) based on net surface energy budgets is computed for two versions of the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM, version 3.0) general circulation model (GCM). The first version is the standard CAM with parameterized ...

Charlotte A. DeMott; David A. Randall; Marat Khairoutdinov

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Rate of Work Done by Atmospheric Pressure on the Ocean General Circulation and Tides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative analysis of the energetics of the ocean is crucial for understanding its circulation and mixing. The power input by fluctuations in atmospheric pressure pa resulting from the S1 and S2 air tides and the stochastic continuum is ...

Rui M. Ponte

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

NOMADS: A Climate and Weather Model Archive at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An online archive of real-time and historical weather and climate model output and observationaldata is now available from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). This archive, known asthe NOAA National Operational Model ...

Glenn K. Rutledge; Jordan Alpert; Wesley Ebisuzaki

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Radiative Transfer System Using the Analytic Four-Stream Approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere–ocean radiative transfer model based on the analytic four-stream approximation has been developed. It is shown that this radiation model is computationally efficient and at the same time can achieve acceptable accuracy for ...

Wei-Liang Lee; K. N. Liou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

On the meridional heat transport and its partition between the atmosphere and oceans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I study the meridional heat transport of the climate system and its partition between the atmosphere and oceans using models and data. I focus on three primary questions: (1) What is the total heat transport ...

Enderton, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Spatial Inhomogeneities and the Spectral Behavior of Atmospheric Aerosol Optical Depth over the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the results of investigations into atmospheric aerosol optical depth (AOD) over the Atlantic Ocean are discussed. The data were collected during five shipboard expeditions that took place between 1989 and 1996. Measurements were ...

Sergey M. Sakerin; Dmitry M. Kabanov

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Multiple Equilibria and Transitions in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Box Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A six-box model is employed as a prototype of the coupled Atlantic ocean–atmosphere system. Ice dynamics are excluded. Numerical integration of this system shows that different thermohaline circulation patterns are possible under the same forcing ...

Sergey V. Kravtsov; William K. Dewar

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Weak Simulated Extratropical Responses to Complete Tropical Deforestation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory atmosphere–land model version 2 (AM2/LM2) coupled to a 50-m-thick slab ocean model has been used to investigate remote responses to tropical deforestation. Magnitudes and significance of differences ...

Kirsten L. Findell; Thomas R. Knutson; P. C. D. Milly

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Global Warming and the Weakening of the Tropical Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the response of the tropical atmospheric and oceanic circulation to increasing greenhouse gases using a coordinated set of twenty-first-century climate model experiments performed for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...

Gabriel A. Vecchi; Brian J. Soden

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Mechanisms of Remote Tropical Surface Warming during El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate through atmospheric general circulation model (the Community Climate Model version 3.10) simulations of the 1997/98 El Niño that the observed “remote” (i.e., outside the Pacific) tropical land and ocean surface warming ...

John C. H. Chiang; Benjamin R. Lintner

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Estimating Local Memory of Tropical Cyclones through MPI Anomaly Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the local memory of atmospheric and oceanic changes associated with a tropical cyclone (TC). The memory is quantified through anomalous maximum potential intensity (MPI) evolution for 20 days prior to the arrival of a TC ...

Robert E. Hart; Ryan N. Maue; Michael C. Watson

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Mechanisms of Global Warming Impacts on Regional Tropical Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms that determine the tropical precipitation anomalies under global warming are examined in an intermediate atmospheric model coupled with a simple land surface and a mixed layer ocean. To compensate for the warm tropospheric temperature, ...

Chia Chou; J. David Neelin

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Climatology of Tropical Intraseasonal Convective Anomalies: 1979–2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical intraseasonal convective anomalies (TICA) have a central role in subseasonal changes in the coupled ocean–atmosphere system, but the climatology of TICA events has not been properly documented. This study exploits 24 years of outgoing ...

Charles Jones; Leila M. V. Carvalho; R. Wayne Higgins; Duane E. Waliser; J-K. E. Schemm

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Sensitivity of the Arctic Climate to Leads in a Coupled Atmosphere-Mixed Layer Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic sea ice code in a coupled atmosphere-mixed layer ocean GCM has been altered to allow the presence of open water within an ice pack (leads) and a prescribed turbulent oceanic heat flux at the ice bottom. Two experiments with the ...

Stephen J. Vavrus

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

A Zonally Averaged, Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model for Paleoclimate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A zonally averaged ocean model for the thermohaline circulation is coupled to a zonally averaged, one-layer energy balance model of the atmosphere to form a climate model for paleoclimate studies. The emphasis of the coupled model is on the ocean'...

Thomas F. Stocker; Lawrence A. Mysak; Daniel G. Wright

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Tropical Cyclone Formations over the Western North Pacific in the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of criteria is developed to identify tropical cyclone (TC) formations in the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) analyses and forecast fields. Then the NOGAPS forecasts of TC formations from 1997 to 1999 are ...

Kevin K. W. Cheung; Russell L. Elsberry

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Role of Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation in the Relationship between Tropical Convection and Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors study the influence of the large-scale atmospheric circulation on the relationship between sea surface temperature (SST) and tropical convection inferred from outgoing longwave radiation (OLR). They find that under ...

K-M. Lau; H-T. Wu; S. Bony

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A Cumulus Parameterization for Climate Studies of the Tropical Atmosphere. Part I: Model Formulation and Sensitivity Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scheme for parameterizing the effects of cumulus convection for the maintenance of the thermodynamic structure of the tropical atmosphere is described. This parameterization is used in a one-dimensional model that represents the vertical ...

Bruce A. Albrecht

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

On the Influence of Pacific Ocean Temperatures on Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration at Ocean Weather Station P  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study presents an analysis of atmospheric CO2 measurements at Ocean Weather Station P (50°N, 145°W) and sea surface temperatures over the North Pacific for the period 1974–78. The results show that during 1976 and 1977 sea surface ...

Kirby J. Hanson; James T. Peterson; Jerome Namias; Robert Born; C. S. Wong

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Approximation of Ocean Heat Storage by Ocean–Atmosphere Energy Exchange: Implications for Seasonal Cycle Mixed Layer Ocean Formulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The approximation of ocean heat storage by the net surface energy flux and the implications for zonal mean SST simulation using mixed layer ocean formulation are examined. The analysis considers both constant and variable depth mixed layers. ...

Robert G. Gallimore; David D. Houghton

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Dynamical Processes in the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans and the TBO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transitions (from relatively strong to relatively weak monsoon) in the tropospheric biennial oscillation (TBO) occur in northern spring for the south Asian or Indian monsoon and northern fall for the Australian monsoon involving coupled land–...

Gerald A. Meehl; Julie M. Arblaster; Johannes Loschnigg

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Cloud-radiative effects on implied oceanic energy transports as simulated by atmospheric general circulation models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reports on energy fluxes across the surface of the ocean as simulated by fifteen atmospheric general circulation models in which ocean surface temperatures and sea-ice boundaries are prescribed. The oceanic meridional energy transport that would be required to balance these surface fluxes is computed, and is shown to be critically sensitive to the radiative effects of clouds, to the extent that even the sign of the Southern Hemisphere ocean energy transport can be affected by the errors in simulated cloud-radiation interactions.

Gleckler, P.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Randall, D.A. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States); Boer, G. [Canadian Climate Centre, Victoria (Canada)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Global Ocean Surface Wave Simulation Using a Coupled Atmosphere–Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study describes a 29-yr (1981–2009) global ocean surface gravity wave simulation generated by a coupled atmosphere–wave model using NOAA/GFDL’s High-Resolution Atmosphere Model (HiRAM) and the WAVEWATCH III surface wave model developed and ...

Yalin Fan; Shian-Jiann Lin; Isaac M. Held; Zhitao Yu; Hendrik L. Tolman

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Multiple Equilibria, Natural Variability, and Climate Transitions in an Idealized Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized coupled ocean–atmosphere is constructed to study climatic equilibria and variability. The model focuses on the role of large-scale fluid motions in the climate system. The atmospheric component is an eddy-resolving two-level global ...

R. Saravanan; James C. Mc Williams

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Estimates of Meridional Atmosphere and Ocean Heat Transports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New estimates of the poleward energy transport based on atmospheric reanalyses from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; Julie M. Caron

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The Southern Oscillation in Surface Circulation and Climate over the Tropical Atlantic, Eastern Pacific, and Indian Oceans as Captured by Cluster Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clusters of sea level pressure (SLP), surface wind, cloudiness, and sea surface temperature (SST) in the domain of the tropical Atlantic, eastern Pacific, and Indian Oceans are introduced and discussed in terms of general circulation and climate. ...

Klaus Wolter

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Precipitation Reproducibility over Tropical Oceans and Its Relationship to the Double ITCZ Problem in CMIP3 and MIROC5 Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation reproducibility over the tropical oceans in climate models is examined. Models participating in phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3) and the current (fifth) version Model for Interdisciplinary Research on ...

Nagio Hirota; Yukari N. Takayabu; Masahiro Watanabe; Masahide Kimoto

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration US Department of Commerce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an International Conference, Seattle, 10-14 July 1972. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency: Proceedings). Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency: Proceedings Series. IAEA. 2005. Worldwide marine radioactivity studies (WOMARS): Radionuclide levels in oceans and seas. Vienna: International Atomic Energy

356

Variations in the Flow of the Global Atmosphere Associated with a Composite Convectively Coupled Oceanic Kelvin Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kelvin waves in the Pacific Ocean occasionally develop and propagate eastward together with anomalies of deep convection and low-level westerly wind. This pattern suggests coupling between the oceanic waves and atmospheric convection. A simple ...

Paul E. Roundy; Lynn M. Gribble-Verhagen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Atmospheric Bridge: The Influence of ENSO Teleconnections on Air–Sea Interaction over the Global Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events, the atmospheric response to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the equatorial Pacific influences ocean conditions over the remainder of the globe. This connection between ocean basins via ...

Michael A. Alexander; Ileana Bladé; Matthew Newman; John R. Lanzante; Ngar-Cheung Lau; James D. Scott

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A Simple Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean–Sea Ice–Land Surface Model for Climate and Paleoclimate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors develop a coupled atmosphere–ocean–sea ice–land surface model for long-term climate change studies that incorporates the seasonal cycle. Three ocean basins, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current region, and the major continents are ...

Zhaomin Wang; Lawrence A. Mysak

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Present-Day and Last-Glacial-Maximum Ocean Thermohaline Circulation in a Zonally Averaged Coupled Ocean–Sea-Ice–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple ocean–atmosphere model suitable for long-term paleoclimate studies is presented. It consists of a three-basin zonally averaged ocean model coupled to an energy moisture-balance atmospheric model and a thermodynamic sea-ice model. The ...

H. Bjornsson; L. A. Mysak

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Free and Forced Variability of the Tropical Atlantic Ocean: Role of the Wind–Evaporation–Sea Surface Temperature Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of the wind–evaporation–sea surface temperature (WES) feedback in the low-frequency natural variability of the tropical Atlantic is studied using an atmospheric global climate model—the NCAR Community Climate Model, version 3 (CCM3)—...

Salil Mahajan; R. Saravanan; Ping Chang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

An Ocean Dynamical Thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of ocean dynamics in the regulation of tropical sea surface temperatures (SSTs) is investigated using the Zebiak-Cane coupled occan-atmosphere model. The model is forced with a uniform heating, or cooling, varying between ±40 W m?2 into ...

Amy C. Clement; Richard Seager; Mark A. Cane; Stephen E. Zebiak

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Barotropic Rossby Waves Radiating from Tropical Instability Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical instability waves are triggered by instabilities of the equatorial current systems, and their sea level signal, with peak amplitude near 5°N, is one of the most prominent features of the dynamic topography of the tropics. Cross-spectral ...

J. Thomas Farrar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

An Examination of the Diurnal Cycle in Oceanic Tropical Rainfall Using Satellite and In Situ Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diurnal variations in tropical cold cloudiness are examined for the period 1986–90 for each 2.5° latitude–longitude area in the global Tropics. The fractional coverage of cold cloudiness, as determined from various IR brightness temperature ...

John E. Janowiak; Phillip A. Arkin; Mark Morrissey

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A Modeling Study on the Early Electrical Development of Tropical Convection: Continental and Oceanic (Monsoon) Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical modeling studies of continental tropical and maritime tropical convection were conducted using the two-dimensional, nonhydrostatic, cloud electrification model developed at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. The model ...

Scot C. Randell; Steven A. Rutledge; Richard D. Farley; John H. Helsdon Jr.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Oceanic Response to Large-Scale Atmospheric Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is an analytical and numerical study of the response of the ocean to the fluctuating component of the wind stress as computed from twice-daily weather maps for the period 1973 to 1976. The results are described in terms of (time) mean ...

J. Willebrand; S. G. H. Philander; R. C. Pacanowski

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Upper-Ocean Salinity Variability in the Tropical Pacific: Case Study for Quasi-Decadal Shift during the 2000s Using TRITON Buoys and Argo Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upper-ocean salinity variation in the tropical Pacific is investigated during the 2000s, when TRITON buoys and Argo floats were deployed and more salinity data were observed than in previous periods. We focus on upper-ocean salinity variability ...

Takuya Hasegawa; Kentaro Ando; Iwao Ueki; Keisuke Mizuno; Shigeki Hosoda

367

Interhemispheric Asymmetry in the Transient Response of a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model to a CO2 Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical experiments are carried out using a general circulation model of a coupled ocean-atmosphere system with idealized geography, exploring the transient response of climate to a rapid increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The ...

K. Bryan; S. Manabe; M. J. Spelman

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Profiling the Lower Troposphere over the Ocean with Infrared Hyperspectral Measurements of the Marine-Atmosphere Emitted Radiance Interferometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the spectra of infrared emission from the atmosphere were taken by a Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) deployed on the NOAA ship Ronald H. Brown during the Aerosol and Ocean Science Expedition (AEROSE) in ...

Malgorzata Szczodrak; Peter J. Minnett; Nicholas R. Nalli; Wayne F. Feltz

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Energy Transports by Ocean and Atmosphere Based on an Entropy Extremum Principle. Part 1: Zonal Averaged Transports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Required global energy transports determined from Nimbus-7 satellite net radiation measurements have been separated into atmospheric and oceanic components by applying a maximum entropy production principle to the atmospheric system. Strong ...

Byung-Ju Sohn; Eric A. Smith

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A General Interface between an Atmospheric General Circulation Model and Underlying Ocean and Land Surface Models: Delocalized Physics Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to represent in a most adequate way the various feedback mechanisms that govern the atmosphere–ocean or atmosphere–surface couplings, a “delocalized physics” method is introduced, in which the subgrid-scale physical parameterizations of ...

Augustin Vintzileos; Robert Sadourny

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Virtual Field Campaigns on Deep Tropical Convection in Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution time–height data over warm tropical oceans are examined, from three global atmosphere models [GFDL’s Atmosphere Model 2 (AM2), NCAR’s Community Atmosphere Model, version 3 (CAM3), and a NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office ...

Brian Mapes; Julio Bacmeister; Marat Khairoutdinov; Cecile Hannay; Ming Zhao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Ocean–Atmosphere Interaction over Agulhas Extension Meanders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many years of high-resolution measurements by a number of space-based sensors and from Lagrangian drifters became available recently and are used to examine the persistent atmospheric imprints of the semipermanent meanders of the Agulhas ...

W. Timothy Liu; Xiaosu Xie; Pearn P. Niiler

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 7 (1983) 95-109 Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam -Printed in The Netherlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the ocean on an 8° � 10° grid. Assuming no net annual heat storage, the annual surface heat fluxes into any, Amsterdam - Printed in The Netherlands 95 ANNUAL OCEANIC HEAT TRANSPORTS COMPUTED FROM AN ATMOSPHERIC MODEL 24, 1982) ABSTRACT Miller, J.R., Russell, G.L. and Tsang, L.-C., 1983. Annual oceanic heat transports

Fridlind, Ann

374

Regional Impacts of Climate Change and Atmospheric CO2 on Future Ocean Carbon Uptake: A Multimodel Linear Feedback Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in atmospheric CO2 over this century depends on the evolution of the oceanic air–sea CO2 uptake, which will be driven by the combined response to rising atmospheric CO2 itself and climate change. Here, the future oceanic CO2 uptake is ...

Tilla Roy; Laurent Bopp; Marion Gehlen; Birgit Schneider; Patricia Cadule; Thomas L. Frölicher; Joachim Segschneider; Jerry Tjiputra; Christoph Heinze; Fortunat Joos

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Ocean (11:670:451/16:712:552) Class website: Sakai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Ocean (11:670:451/16:712:552) Class website: Sakai Dr. Mark specific understanding of the physical principles used to remotely sense atmospheric and oceanic structure; pulse and Synthetic Aperture Radar modes; applications J. Wilkin Land Surface Remote Sensing M. Miller

376

Impacts of the Tropical Pacific/Indian Oceans on the Seasonal Cycle of the West African Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current consensus is that drought has developed in the Sahel during the second half of the twentieth century as a result of remote effects of oceanic anomalies amplified by local land–atmosphere interactions. This paper focuses on the impacts ...

E. Mohino; B. Rodríguez-Fonseca; C. R. Mechoso; S. Gervois; P. Ruti; F. Chauvin

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Variability in a Mixed Layer Ocean Model Driven by Stochastic Atmospheric Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A stochastic model of atmospheric surface conditions, developed from 30 years of data at Ocean Weather Station P in the northeast Pacific, is used to drive a mixed layer model of the upper mean. The spectral characteristics of anomalies in the ...

Michael A. Alexander; Cecile Penland

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Heat Exchange Between Ocean and Atmosphere in the Eastern North Pacific for 1961-71  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Exchange Between Ocean and Atmosphere in the Eastern North Pacific for 1961-71 N. E. CLARK, L of total heat exchange and departuresfroma long-term mean; 2)long-term monthly mean valuesof the total heat exchange, incom- ing solar radiation, effectiveback radiation, and evaporative and sensible heat transfer

379

The Joint Modes of the Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean System Observed from 1967 to 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two aspects of the principal oscillation pattern (POP) analysis are used to study the large-scale modes of the coupled atmosphere–ocean system. First, P0Ps can be considered as the normal modes of the system; one way of studying these normal ...

Jin-Song Xu

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Monsoon as a Self-regulating Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT The Monsoon as a Self-regulating Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere System Peter J. Webster1, Christina that the Asian-Australasian monsoon system exhibits variability over a wide-range of space and time scales (3­5 years) and interdecadal. Despite this range of variability, the South Asian monsoon (at least

Webster, Peter J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Impact of a Reduced Arctic Sea Ice Cover on Ocean and Atmospheric Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arctic sea ice cover declined over the last few decades and reached a record minimum in 2007, with a slight recovery thereafter. Inspired by this the authors investigate the response of atmospheric and oceanic properties to a 1-yr period of ...

Jan Sedlá?ek; Reto Knutti; Olivia Martius; Urs Beyerle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Honolulu Laboratory Renewal Project, Honolulu, Hawaii  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This brochure provides an overview of The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Honolulu Laboratory Renewal Project, a project designed to adhere to the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. Diagrams of the HVAC system and the rainwater collection system are included.

Not Available

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Low-Frequency Variability in the Arctic Atmosphere, Sea Ice, and Upper-Ocean Climate System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The low-frequency natural variability of the arctic climate system is modeled using a single-column, energy balance model of the atmosphere. sea ice, and upper-ocean system. Variability in the system is induced by forcing with realistic, random ...

C. M. Bitz; D. S. Battisti; R. E. Moritz; J. A. Beesley

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Simple Atmospheric Model of Surface Heat Flux for Use in Ocean Modeling Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model of the lower atmospheric layers and land/sea ice surface is described and analyzed. The model is able to depict with reasonable accuracy the global ocean heat fluxes. Due to the model's simplicity, insight into the mechanisms ...

Richard Kleeman; Scott B. Power

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model: Optimization and Evaluation of Simulated Radiative Fluxes and Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work continues the presentation and evaluation of the Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM), focusing on the model’s ability to represent radiation and precipitation. OLAM is a new, state-of-the-art earth system model, capable of user-specified ...

David Medvigy; Robert L. Walko; Martin J. Otte; Roni Avissar

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Mean Climate and Variability of the Atmosphere and Ocean on an Aquaplanet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical experiments are described that pertain to the climate of a coupled atmosphere–ocean–ice system in the absence of land, driven by modern-day orbital and CO2 forcing. Millennial time-scale simulations yield a mean state in which ice caps ...

John Marshall; David Ferreira; J-M. Campin; Daniel Enderton

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Stratified Turbulence in the Atmosphere and Oceans: A New Subgrid Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulence in a stratified medium is studied with emphasis on stable stratification, as it occurs in the atmosphere and oceans, and on the construction of a subgrid model (SGS) for use in large eddy simulation (LES). The two basic assumptions of ...

V. M. Canuto; F. Minotti

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Sea Surface Temperatures Computed by a Simple Ocean Mixed Layer Coupled to an Atmospheric GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean mixed layer with fixed depth (50 m) is coupled to a global atmospheric general circulation model (GCM). The mixed layer is a simple slab that allows for seasonal heat storage but has no dynamics (advection or diffusion). The an surface ...

Gerald A. Meehl; Warren M. Washington

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Meridional Energy Transport in the Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean System: Compensation and Partitioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variability and compensation of the meridional energy transport in the atmosphere and ocean are examined with the state-of-the-art GFDL Climate Model, version 2.1 (CM2.1), and the GFDL Intermediate Complexity Coupled Model (ICCM). On decadal ...

Riccardo Farneti; Geoffrey K. Vallis

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Analogies of Ocean/Atmosphere Rotating Fluid Dynamics with Gyroscopes: Teaching Opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of the rotating shallow-water (RSW) system include geostrophic f low and inertial oscillation. These classes of motion are ubiquitous in the ocean and atmosphere. They are often surprising to people at first because intuition about rotating f ...

Thomas W. N. Haine; Deepak A. Cherian

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Deep Cumulonimbus Cloud Systems in the Tropics with and without Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thunderstorm frequency over the oceans during the Global Atmospheric Research Program Atlantic Tropical Experiment is quantified by examination of over 20 000 surface hourly observations from research ships. The overall thunderstorm frequency ...

Edward J. Zipser

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Problem of Extracting Precipitation Information in the Tropics from the UWM/COADS Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study employs principal component analysis to correct tropical precipitation estimates in the University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee (UWM)/Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Dataset (COADS) data. The idea was to use a matrix made up of the other ...

A. A. Tsonis

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Response of Tropical Clouds to the Interannual Variation of Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Connections between the large-scale interannual variations of clouds, deep convection, atmospheric winds, vertical thermodynamic structure, and SSTs over global tropical oceans are examined over the period July 1983-December 1990. The SST warming ...

Rong Fu; W. Timothy Liu; Robert E. Dickinson

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Leading Tropical Modes Associated with Interannual and Multidecadal Fluctuations in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual and multidecadal extremes in Atlantic hurricane activity are shown to result from a coherent and interrelated set of atmospheric and oceanic conditions associated with three leading modes of climate variability in the Tropics. All ...

Gerald D. Bell; Muthuvel Chelliah

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Tropical Climate Regimes and Global Climate Sensitivity in a Simple Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple tropical climate regimes are found in an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) coupled to a global slab ocean when the model is forced by different values of globally uniform insolation. Even in this simple setting, convection ...

Joseph Barsugli; Sang-Ik Shin; Prashant D. Sardeshmukh

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Volcanic and Solar Forcing of the Tropical Pacific over the Past 1000 Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of El Niño to natural radiative forcing changes over the past 1000 yr is investigated based on numerical experiments employing the Zebiak–Cane model of the tropical Pacific coupled ocean–atmosphere system. Previously published ...

Michael E. Mann; Mark A. Cane; Stephen E. Zebiak; Amy Clement

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A Numerical Study of the Effect of Dissipative Heating on Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of dissipative heating on tropical cyclone (TC) intensity forecasts is investigated using the U.S. Navy’s operational mesoscale model (the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System). A physically consistent method of ...

Yi Jin; William T. Thompson; Shouping Wang; Chi-Sann Liou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Tropical Sensitivity of a Coupled Model to Specified ISCCP Low Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonal cycle of SST observed in the eastern equatorial Pacific is poorly simulated by many ocean–atmosphere coupled GCMs. This deficiency may be partly due to an incorrect prediction of tropical marine stratocumulus (MSc). To explore this ...

C. T. Gordon; A. Rosati; R. Gudgel

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Interannual Biases Induced by Freshwater Flux and Coupled Feedback in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freshwater flux (FWF) forcing–induced feedback has not been represented adequately in many coupled ocean–atmosphere models of the tropical Pacific. Previously, various approximations have been made in representing the FWF forcing in climate ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Guihua Wang; Dake Chen; A. J. Busalacchi; E. C. Hackert

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radiative effects on surface downwelling fluxes are investigated using datasets from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) sites in the tropical western Pacific Ocean (TWP) region. The Nauru Island (Republic of Nauru) and ...

Sally A. McFarlane; Charles N. Long; Julia Flaherty

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Tropical Cyclone Motion and Surrounding Flow Relationships: Searching for Beta Gyres in Omega Dropwindsonde Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1982, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Hurricane Research Division began a series of experiments to collect Omega dropwindsonde (ODW) observations within about 1000 km of the center of tropical cyclones. By 1992, 16 ODW ...

James L. Franklin; Steven E. Feuer; John Kaplan; Sim D. Aberson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

An Evaluation of the Impact of Horizontal Resolution on Tropical Cyclone Predictions using COAMPS-TC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of experiments have been conducted using the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System – Tropical Cyclone (COAMPS-TC) to assess the impact of horizontal resolution on hurricane intensity prediction for ten Atlantic storms from ...

Hao Jin; Melinda S. Peng; Yi Jin; James D. Doyle

403

A Model Investigation of Aerosol-Induced Changes in Tropical Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates how anthropogenic aerosols, alone or in conjunction with radiatively active gases, affect the tropical circulation with an atmosphere/mixed layer–ocean general circulation model. Aerosol-induced cooling gives rise to a ...

Yi Ming; V. Ramaswamy

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The influence of tropical Pacific SST anomaly on surface air temperature in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) on the wintertime surface air temperature (SAT) in China is investigated using both the observational data and the output of coupled ocean-atmosphere numerical models during the ...

XiaoJing Jia; Hai Lin; Xia Yao

405

Clouds, Radiation, and the Diurnal Cycle of Sea Surface Temperature in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship among clouds, surface radiation flux, and the sea surface temperature (SST) of the tropical western Pacific Ocean over the diurnal cycle is addressed in the context of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program ...

Peter J. Webster; Carol Anne Clayson; Judith A. Curry

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Fishery Effects on Dolphins Targeted by Tuna Purse-seiners in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nursing dolphin calves in a tuna purse-seine fishery. MarineStenella attenuata, in Tuna Purse Seine Nets. Fisheryeastern tropical Pacific tuna fishery. Administrative Report

Edwards, Elizabeth F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System of SST Modulation for the Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The net heat flux into the northern Indian Ocean is between 75 and 100 W m?2 during the boreal spring and early summer but only 10–20 W m?2 in the western Pacific during the entire year. The differences in the net surface heat fluxes arise from ...

Johannes Loschnigg; Peter J. Webster

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Effect of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation on Tropical Atlantic Variability: A Regional Coupled Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified coupled ocean–atmosphere model, where an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) is fully coupled to a 2½-layer reduced-gravity ocean model (RGO) over the tropical Atlantic basin, is presented in the context of studying the role ...

Caihong Wen; Ping Chang; Ramalingam Saravanan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A Proposed Mechanism for the Intrusion of Dry Air into the Tropical Western Pacific Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies using data from the Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere program’s Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) have shown that synoptic-scale areas of extremely dry air can occur in the troposphere over the equatorial ...

Kunio Yoneyama; David B. Parsons

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Transient Response of the Hadley Centre Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model to Increasing Carbon Dioxide. Part III: Analysis of Global-Mean Response Using Simple Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The roles of surface, atmospheric, and oceanic feedbacks in controlling the global-mean transient response of a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model to increasing carbon dioxide are investigated. The analysis employs a four-box ...

J. M. Murphy

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Observed local and remote influences of vegetation on the atmosphere across North America using a model-validated statistical technique that first excludes oceanic forcings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observed local and non-local influences of vegetation on the atmosphere across North America are quantified after first removing the ocean’s impact. The interaction between vegetation and the atmosphere is dominated by forcing from the ...

Fuyao Wang; Michael Notaro; Zhengyu Liu; Guangshan Chen

412

Seasonal Heat Transport in a Primitive Equations Model of the Tropical Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work analyses seasonal heat transport in an ocean-only numerical simulation of the Indian Ocean forced by realistic seasonal winds and surface heat fluxes north of 15°S, assuming no Indonesian Throughflow. The seasonal changes in the model ...

S. Wacongne; R. Pacanowski

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Variability of Graupel and Snow Observed in Tropical Oceanic Convection by Aircraft during TRMM KWAJEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical characterization of graupel and snow in precipitating tropical convective clouds is important for refining satellite precipitation retrieval algorithms and cloud-resolving and radiative transfer models. Microphysics data for this ...

Ellen M. Sukovich; David E. Kingsmill; Sandra E. Yuter

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Wind-wave stabilization by a foam layer between the atmosphere and the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study is motivated by recent findings of the decrease in the momentum transfer from strong winds to sea. The Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) of a three-fluid system of air, foam and water is examined within the range of intermediately short surface waves. The foam layer thickness necessary for effective separation of the atmosphere and the ocean is estimated. Due to high density contrasts in the three-fluid system, even a relatively thin foam layer between the atmosphere and the ocean can provide a significant stabilization of the water surface by the wavelength shift of the instability towards smaller scales. It is conjectured that such stabilization qualitatively explains the observed reduction of roughness and drag.

Shtemler, Yuri M; Mond, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Pacific Warm Pool Temperature Regulation during TOGA COARE: Upper Ocean Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hasselmann feedback model was applied to hindcast western Pacific warm pool sea surface temperatures (SST) with heat flux observations obtained near 2°S, 156°E from October 1992 to February 1993 during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere ...

Gary S. E. Lagerloef; Roger Lukas; Robert A. Weller; Steven P. Anderson

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Processes Controlling the Mean Tropical Pacific Precipitation Pattern. Part I: The Andes and the Eastern Pacific ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of why the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is generally north of the equator in the tropical Pacific is addressed. Experiments with an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to idealized representations of the ocean show ...

Ken Takahashi; David S. Battisti

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Links between Tropical Cyclone Activity and Madden–Julian Oscillation Phase in the North Atlantic and Northeast Pacific Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The leading intraseasonal mode of atmospheric and oceanic variability, the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), influences tropical and extratropical sea level pressure, temperature, divergent and rotational wind components, moisture, and deep ...

Bradford S. Barrett; Lance M. Leslie

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Equatorward Propagation of Coupled Air–Sea Disturbances with Application to the Annual Cycle of the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple coupled ocean–atmospheric boundary layer model is used to study the annual variability in the eastern tropical Pacific. The air–sea coupling, particularly the feedback of the total wind speed effect on evaporation and wind mixing ...

Zhengyu Liu; Shangping Xie

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Spectral Longwave Emission in the Tropics: FTIR Measurement at the Sea Surface and Comparison with Fast Radiation Codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Longwave emission by the tropical western Pacific atmosphere has been measured at the ocean surface by a Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroradiometer deployed aboard the research vessel John Vickers as part of the Central Equatorial ...

Dan Lubin; David Cutchin; William Conant; Hartmut Grassl; Ulrich Schmid; Werner Biselli

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Estimating the Diapycnal Transport Contribution to Warm Water Volume Variations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in the warm water volume (WWV) of the equatorial Pacific Ocean are considered a key element of the dynamics of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. WWV, a proxy for the upper-ocean heat content, is usually defined as the ...

Jaclyn N. Brown; Alexey V. Fedorov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Simulation of the Effects of Tropical Heat Sources on the Atmospheric Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For 35 seasons in the years 1974–84, the importance of seasonal anomalies in tropical diabatic heating was investigated for the circulation in the tropics and in the extratropics. The heating was estimated from anomalies in outgoing longwave ...

R. Mureau; J. D. Opsteegh; J. S. Winston

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Atmospheric Precipitation in Response to Equatorial and Tropical Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three sets of numerical experiments based on a GFDL GCM were developed to investigate the response of the large-scale tropical circulation and precipitation to the tropical and equatorial sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies. Specified SST ...

Guoxiong Wu; Huanzhu Liu

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Intraseasonal Oscillations in the Global Atmosphere. Part I: Northern Hemisphere and Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have examined systematically oscillatory modes in the Northern Hemisphere and in the tropics. The 700 mb heights were used to analyze extratropical oscillations, and the outgoing longwave radiation to study tropical oscillations in convection. ...

Michael Ghil; Kingtse Mo

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The Response of an Ocean General Circulation Model to Surface Wind Stress Produced by an Atmospheric General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two surface wind stress datasets for 1979–91, one based on observations and the other from an integration of the COLA atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) with prescribed SST, are used to drive the GFDL ocean general circulation model. ...

Bohua Huang; Edwin K. Schneider

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Aerosol optical depth of the atmosphere over the ocean in the wavelength range 0.37-4 µm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At least two problems, the climatic impact of aerosols and improvement in techniques for space-borne sensing, require investigation of the spatiotemporal variability of the aerosol optical depth (AOD) over the ocean. The marine atmosphere covers an area ...

S. M. Sakerin; D. M. Kabanov; A. V. Smirnov; B. N. Holben

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Impact of Atmospheric Intraseasonal Variability in the Indian Ocean: Low-Frequency Rectification in Equatorial Surface Current and Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean general circulation model (OGCM) is used to investigate the low-frequency (period longer than 90 days) rectification of atmospheric intraseasonal variability (10–90-day periods) in zonal surface current and transport of the equatorial ...

Weiqing Han; Peter Webster; Roger Lukas; Peter Hacker; Aixue Hu

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Effect of Cold Climate upon North Atlantic Deep Water Formation in a Simple Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of North Atlantic Deep Water formation to variations in mean surface temperature is explored with a meridional-vertical plane ocean model coupled to an energy balance atmosphere. It is found that North Atlantic Deep Water ...

Michael Winton

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Integration and Ocean-Based Prelaunch Validation of GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager Legacy Atmospheric Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean-based prelaunch evaluation of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R-series (GOES-R) Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) legacy atmospheric profile (LAP) products is conducted using proxy data based upon the Spinning Enhanced ...

Hua Xie; Nicholas R. Nalli; Shanna Sampson; Walter W. Wolf; Jun Li; Timothy J. Schmit; Christopher D. Barnet; Everette Joseph; Vernon R. Morris; Fanglin Yang

429

Integration and Ocean-Based Prelaunch Validation of GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager Legacy Atmospheric Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean-based prelaunch evaluation of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-R series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) legacy atmospheric profile (LAP) products is conducted using proxy data based upon the Spinning Enhanced ...

Hua Xie; Nicholas R. Nalli; Shanna Sampson; Walter W. Wolf; Jun Li; Timothy J. Schmit; Christopher D. Barnet; Everette Joseph; Vernon R. Morris; Fanglin Yang

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Evaluation of Various Approximations in Atmosphere and Ocean Modeling based on an Exact Treatment of Gravity Wave Dispersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various approximations of the governing equations of compressible fluid dynamics are commonly used in both atmospheric and ocean modeling. Their main purpose is to eliminate the acoustic waves that are potentially responsible for inefficiency in ...

John K. Dukowicz

431

Convergence Rate and Stability of Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling Schemes with a Zero-Dimensional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A zero-dimensional climate model is considered with three thermal reservoirs, i.e., the atmosphere, the surface mixed layer and the intermediate water of the ocean. Realistic values are adopted for the rates of heat transfer between those ...

Robert E. Dickinson

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Zonal gradients in the lower atmosphere and upper ocean across the windward Antilles in mid-summer 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This observational study examines zonal gradients in the lower atmosphere and upper ocean across the windward Antilles in mid-summer of 2012. While earlier work reported on meridional confluence, here the focus is on zonal enrichment of trade ...

Mark R. Jury

433

A Comparison of Atmospheric Reanalysis Surface Products over the Ocean and Implications for Uncertainties in Air–Sea Boundary Forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the uncertainties related to atmospheric fields from reanalysis products used in forcing ocean models. Four reanalysis products, namely from 1) the interim ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim), 2) version ...

Chaudhuri, Ayan H.

434

Impact of Climate Drift on Twenty-First-Century Projection in a Coupled Atmospheric–Ocean General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing climate drift in coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs) usually requires 1000–2000 years of spinup, which has not been practical for every modeling group to do. For the purpose of evaluating the impact of climate ...

Mao-Chang Liang; Li-Ching Lin; Ka-Kit Tung; Yuk L. Yung; Shan Sun

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Baroclinic Adjustment in an Atmosphere–Ocean Thermally Coupled Model: The Role of the Boundary Layer Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baroclinic eddy equilibration and the roles of different boundary layer processes in limiting the baroclinic adjustment are studied using an atmosphere–ocean thermally coupled model. Boundary layer processes not only affect the dynamical ...

Yang Zhang; Peter H. Stone

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

A Joint Statistical and Dynamical Assessment of Atmospheric Response to North Pacific Oceanic Variability in CCSM3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric response to North Pacific oceanic variability is assessed in Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3) using two statistical methods and one dynamical method. All methods identify an equivalent barotropic low response to a ...

Yafang Zhong; Zhengyu Liu

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Comparison of Atmospheric Reanalysis Surface Products over the Ocean and Implications for Uncertainties in Air–Sea Boundary Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the uncertainties related to atmospheric fields from reanalysis products used in forcing ocean models. Four reanalysis products, namely from 1) the interim ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim), 2) version 2 of the Common ...

Ayan H. Chaudhuri; Rui M. Ponte; Gael Forget; Patrick Heimbach

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Tropical Cyclone Winds from Scatterometer Winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, wc demonstrate that accurate estimates of tropical cyclone intensity over data sparse ocean regions

Carol S. Hsu; W. Timothy Liu

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Seasonal Prediction of Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Using a Suite of 13 Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improved seasonal prediction of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies over the global oceans is the theme of this paper. Using 13 state-of-the-art coupled global atmosphere–ocean models and 13 yr of seasonal forecasts, the performance of ...

T. N. Krishnamurti; Arindam Chakraborty; Ruby Krishnamurti; William K. Dewar; Carol Anne Clayson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Design and Critical Appraisal of an Accelerated Integration Procedure for Atmospheric GCM/Mixed-Layer Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accelerated integration procedure (AIP) is developed for the OSU atmospheric GCM/mixed-layer ocean model. In this AIP the depth of the mixed-layer ocean is reduced by an acceleration factor fe=12 from 60 m to 5 m and the length of a solar ...

Michael E. Schlesinger; Zong-Cl Zhao; Dean Vickers

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE LETTERS, 2010, VOL. 3, NO. 1, 1-6 Identifying Global Monsoon Troughs and Global Atmospheric Centers of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE LETTERS, 2010, VOL. 3, NO. 1, 1-6 Identifying Global Monsoon identified global monsoon troughs and global atmospheric centers of action (ACAs) on a pentad scale. The global monsoon troughs consist of planetary-scale monsoon troughs and peninsula-scale monsoon troughs

Qian, Weihong

442

Fitting Dynamic Models to the Geosat Sea Level Observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Part II: A Linear, Wind-driven Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geosat altimeter sea level observations in the tropical Pacific Ocean are used to evaluate the Performance of a linear wind-driven equatorial wave model. The question posed is the extent to which such a model can describe the observed sea ...

Lee-Lueng Fu; Ichiro Fukumori; Robert N. Miller

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Subpolar ocean bottom pressure oscillation and its links to the tropical ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent analysis of ocean bottom pressure (OBP) data from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites reveals strong El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-like oscillating phenomena in the subpolar gyre of the North Pacific. The oscillation ...

Y. T. Song; V. Zlotnicki

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Classification of Tropical Oceanic Precipitation using High-Altitude Aircraft Microwave and Electric Field Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 1998 and 2001 hurricane seasons of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, the Advanced Microwave Precipitation Radiometer (AMPR), the ER-2 Doppler (EDOP) radar, and the Lightning Instrument Package (LIP) were flown aboard the ...

Robbie E. Hood; Daniel J. Cecil; Frank J. LaFontaine; Richard J. Blakeslee; Douglas M. Mach; Gerald M. Heymsfield; Frank D. Marks Jr.; Edward J. Zipser; Michael Goodman

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

A Comparison of Oceanic Precipitation Estimates in the Tropics and Subtropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of Earth remote sensing satellites are currently carrying passive microwave radiometers. A variety of different retrieval algorithms are used to estimate surface rain rates over the ocean from the microwave radiances observed by the ...

Kenneth P. Bowman; Cameron R. Homeyer; Dalon G. Stone

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Unusual Central Indian Drought of Summer Monsoon 2008: Role of Southern Tropical Indian Ocean Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While many of the previous positive Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) years were associated with above (below)-normal monsoon rainfall over central (southern) India during summer monsoon months [June–September (JJAS)], the IOD event in 2008 is associated ...

Suryachandra A. Rao; Hemantkumar S. Chaudhari; Samir Pokhrel; B. N. Goswami

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

An Observing System Simulation Experiment for an Optimal Moored Instrument Array in the Tropical Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a series of observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) are used to study the design of a proposed array of instrumented moorings in the Indian Ocean (IO) outlined by the IO panel of the Climate Variability and Predictability (...

Joaquim Ballabrera-Poy; Eric Hackert; Raghu Murtugudde; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Impact of Tropical Indian Ocean Variability on Summer Surface Air Temperature in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented that the boreal summer surface air temperature over south China and northeast China is remotely influenced by the Indian Ocean Basin mode (IOBM) sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies. Above-normal temperature in south China ...

Kaiming Hu; Gang Huang; Ronghui Huang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Sensitivity of the ECMWF Model to the Parameterization of Evaporation from the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stimulated by the results of a simple SST anomaly experiment with the ECMWF forecast model, a study was carried out to examine the model parameterization of evaporation from the tropica] oceans. In earlier versions of the model, these fluxes were ...

M. J. Miller; A. C. M. Beljaars; T. N. Palmer

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Centennial-scale elemental and isotopic variability in the tropical and subtropical North Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The marine geochemistry of the North Atlantic Ocean varies on decadal to centennial time scales, a consequence of natural and anthropogenic forcing. Surface corals provide a useful geochemical archive to quantify past mixed ...

Reuer, Matthew K. (Matthew Kindt), 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Sampling Requirements for the Surface Wind Field over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moored wind measurements at near-equatorial locations along 110°W, 125°W, 140°W, 170°W, and 165°E are used to investigate the space-time variability of the tropical Pacific wind field. These measurements complement previous studies that relied on ...

L. J. Mangum; S. P. Hayes; L. D. Stratton

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Strong wind forcing of the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

high wind speeds in tropical cyclones. Nature, 422, 279-283.response of the tropical cyclone and the ocean. Journal ofinteraction theory for tropical cyclones: Part i : steady-

Zedler, Sarah E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Factors Maintaining the Zonally Asymmetric Precipitation Distribution and Low-Level Flow in the Tropics of an Atmospheric General Circulation Model: Diagnostic Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The roles played by the large-scale motion induced by vertical diffusion of heat from the lower boundary and condensational heating due to deep convection in maintaining the precipitation zones in the Tropics of an atmospheric general circulation ...

David G. Dewitt; Edwin K. Schneider; Anandu D. Vernekar

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The ENSO Teleconnection to the Tropical Atlantic Ocean: Contributions of the Remote and Local SSTs to Rainfall Variability in the Tropical Americas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in Tropical Atlantic Variability (TAV) identify the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as one of the leading factors in the interannual climate variability of the basin. An ENSO event results in Tropic-wide anomalies in the ...

Alessandra Giannini; John C. H. Chiang; Mark A. Cane; Yochanan Kushnir; Richard Seager

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM). Part II: Formulation and Tests of the Nonhydrostatic Dynamic Core  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic core of the Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM), which is a new global model that is partly based on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS), is described and tested. OLAM adopts many features of its predecessor, but its ...

Robert L. Walko; Roni Avissar

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Upper-Ocean Heat Budget in Response to the Madden–Julian Oscillation in the Western Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upper-ocean heat budget in response to the atmospheric Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) in the western equatorial Pacific is examined using a tropical Pacific basin general circulation model. The model is forced with surface fluxes associated ...

Toshiaki Shinoda; Harry H. Hendon

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Volcanic forcing improves Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation Model scaling performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation Model (AOGCM) simulations of the twentieth century climate, which account for anthropogenic and natural forcings, make it possible to study the origin of long-term temperature correlations found in the observed records. We study ensemble experiments performed with the NCAR PCM for 10 different historical scenarios, including no forcings, greenhouse gas, sulfate aerosol, ozone, solar, volcanic forcing and various combinations, such as it natural, anthropogenic and all forcings. We compare the scaling exponents characterizing the long-term correlations of the observed and simulated model data for 16 representative land stations and 16 sites in the Atlantic Ocean for these scenarios. We find that inclusion of volcanic forcing in the AOGCM considerably improves the PCM scaling behavior. The scenarios containing volcanic forcing are able to reproduce quite well the observed scaling exponents for the land with exponents around 0.65 independent of the station dista...

Vyushin, D; Havlin, S; Bunde, A; Brenner, S; Vyushin, Dmitry; Zhidkov, Igor; Havlin, Shlomo; Bunde, Armin; Brenner, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Oceanic and atmospheric response to climate change over varying geologic timescales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global climate is controlled by two factors, the amount of heat energy received from the sun (solar insolation) and the way that heat is distributed Earth's surface. Solar insolation varies on timescales of 10s to 100s of thousands of years due to changes in the path of Earth's orbit about the sun (Milankovitch cycles). Earth's internal boundary conditions, such as paleogeography, the presence/absence of polar icecaps, atmospheric/oceanic chemistry and sea level, provide distribution and feedback mechanisms for the incoming heat. Variations in these internal boundary conditions may happen abruptly or, as in the case of plate tectonics, take millions of years. We use geochemical and sedimentological techniques to investigate the response of ocean chemistry, regional aridity and atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns to climate change during both greenhouse and icehouse climates. To explore the connection between orbitally-forced changes in solar insolation, continental aridity and wind, we generated a high-resolution dust record for ~58 Myr old deep-sea sediments from Shatsky Rise. Our data provide the first evidence of a correlation between dust flux to the deep sea and orbital cycles during the Early Paleogene, indicating dust supply (regional aridity) responded to orbital forcing during the last major interval of greenhouse climate. The change in dust flux was comparable to that during icehouse climates implying subtle variations in solar insolation have a similar impact on climate during intervals of over-all warmth as they do during glacial-interglacial states. The Carboniferous Period (359-299 Ma) marks a critical time in Earth's history when a series of tectonic and biological events caused a shift in the mean climate state from a global "greenhouse" to an "icehouse". Geochemical records extracted from sedimentary rocks deposited in shallow epicontinental seaways are increasingly being used to infer relationships between tectonism, carbon cycling and climate and therefore are assumed to reflect global ocean processes. We analyzed radiogenic isotopes in biogenic apatite along a North American transect to constrain the degree of geochemical coupling between the epicontinental seas and the open ocean. Our results argue strongly for decoupling of North American seaways from the open ocean by latest Mississippian time.

Woodard, Stella C.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Wind instability of a foam layer sandwiched between the atmosphere and the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kelvin-Helmholtz instability of short gravity waves is examined in order to explain the recent findings of the decrease in momentum transfer from hurricane winds to sea waves. A three-fluid configuration of a foam layer between the atmosphere and the ocean is suggested to provide signifficant stabilization of the system and shifting the marginal critical wavelength to the shortwave part of the spectrum. It is conjectured that such stabilization leads to the observed drag reduction. The high contrasts in three fluid densities provide a universal mechanism for stabilizing surface perturbations.

Shtemler, Yuri M; Mond, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Time Scales and Variability of Area-Averaged Tropical Oceanic Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical analysis of time series of area-averaged rainfall over the oceans has been conducted around the diurnal time scale. The results of our analysis can be applied directly to the problem of establishing the magnitude of expected errors ...

Kyung-Sup Shin; Gerald R. North; Yoo-Shin Ahn; Phillip A. Arkin

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Geostrophic Circulation in the Tropical North Pacific Ocean Based on Argo Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absolute geostrophic currents in the North Pacific Ocean are calculated from the newly gridded Argo Profiling float data using the P-vector method for the period of 2004 through 2011. The zonal geostrophic currents based on the Argo profile data ...

Dongliang Yuan; Zhichun Zhang; Peter C. Chu; William K. Dewar

462

The Tropical Oceanic Energy Budget from the TRMM Perspective. Part I: Algorithm and Uncertainties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth's weather and climate is driven by the meridional transport of energy required to establish a global balance between incoming energy from the sun and outgoing thermal energy emitted by the atmosphere and surface. Clouds and ...

Tristan S. L'Ecuyer; Graeme L. Stephens

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Tropical Cumulus Convection and Upward-Propagating Waves in Middle-Atmospheric GCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is recognized that the resolved tropical wave spectrum can vary considerably among general circulation models (GCMs) and that these differences can have an important impact on the simulated climate. A comprehensive comparison of low-latitude ...

T. Horinouchi; S. Pawson; K. Shibata; U. Langematz; E. Manzini; M. A. Giorgetta; F. Sassi; R. J. Wilson; K. Hamilton; J. de Grandpré; A. A. Scaife

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Numerical Study of Lapse-Rate Adjustments in the Tropical Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations in the tropics have shown that the lapse rate of virtual Potential temperature ?v normally resembles that of a reversible moist adiabat. In the present study, a mesoscale numerical model with parameterized convection is used to ...

Charles Cohen; William M. Frank

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Response of the Tropical Atmosphere to Low Frequency Thermal Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical response to a localized thermal forcing with approximately 45-day period is investigated for several models of increasing complexity consisting of two equivalent shallow water system and two fully stratified systems. The fully ...

John R. Anderson; Duane E. Stevens

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Atmospheric Latent Heating Distributions in the Tropics Derived from Satellite Passive Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for the remote sensing of three-dimensional latent heating distributions in precipitating tropical weather systems from satellite passive microwave observations is presented. In this method, cloud model simulated hydrometeor/latent ...

William S. Olson; Christian D. Kummerow; Ye Hong; Wei-Kuo Tao

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Tropical Cyclone Climatology in a 10-km Global Atmospheric GCM: Toward Weather-Resolving Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclone (TC) activity is investigated in multiyear global climate simulations with the ECMWF Integrated Forecast System (IFS) at 10-km resolution forced by the observed records of sea surface temperature and sea ice. ...

Julia V. Manganello; Kevin I. Hodges; James L. Kinter III; Benjamin A. Cash; Lawrence Marx; Thomas Jung; Deepthi Achuthavarier; Jennifer M. Adams; Eric L. Altshuler; Bohua Huang; Emilia K. Jin; Cristiana Stan; Peter Towers; Nils Wedi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Intraseasonal Tropical Atmospheric Variability Associated with the Two Flavors of El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of intraseasonal tropical variability (ITV) associated with the two flavors of El Niño [i.e., the canonical or eastern Pacific (EP) El Niño and the Modoki or central Pacific (CP) El Niño] are documented using composite and ...

Daria Gushchina; Boris Dewitte

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

SHADOZ—A TROPICAL OZONESONDE–RADIOSONDE NETWORK FOR THE ATMOSPHERIC COMMUNITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network of ozonesonde–radiosonde stations in the southern Tropics and subtropics. SHADOZ was initiated in 1998 by NASA, NOAA, and a team of international ...

Anne M. Thompson; Jacquelyn C. Witte; Samuel J. Oltmans; Francis J. Schmidlin

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Decadal Variability of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool and Its Association with Atmospheric and Oceanic Variability in the NCEP–NCAR and SODA Reanalyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decadal variability of the Indo-Pacific warm pool (IPWP) sea surface temperature (SST) and its association with atmospheric and oceanic circulations are investigated with observed 50-yr (1952–2001) SST, and the NCEP–NCAR atmospheric and Simple ...

Hui Wang; Vikram M. Mehta

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Modeling the Direct and Indirect Effects of Atmospheric Aerosols on Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct and indirect effects of aerosols on the hurricane ‘Katrina’ have been investigated using the WRF model with a two-moment bulk microphysical scheme and modified Goddard shortwave radiation scheme. Simulations of the hurricane ‘Katrina’ are conducted under the three aerosol scenarios: 1) the clean case with an aerosol number concentration of 200 cm-1, 2) the polluted case with a number concentration of 1000 cm-1, and 3) the aerosol radiative effects (AR) case with same aerosol concentration as polluted case but with a modified shortwave radiation scheme. The polluted and AR cases have much larger amounts of cloud water and water vapor in troposphere, and the increased cloud water can freeze to produce ice water paths. A tropical cyclone in dirty and dusty air has active rainbands outside the eyewall due to aerosol indirect effects. The aerosol direct effect can lead to the suppressing of convection and weakening of updraft intensity by warming the troposphere and cooling the surface temperature. However, these thermal changes in atmosphere are concerned with the enhanced amounts of cloud hydrometeors and modification of downdraft and corresponding the low level winds in rainband regions. Thus, the AR case can produce the enhanced precipitation even in the weakest hurricane. When comparing the model performance between aerosol indirect and direct effect by ensemble experiments, the adjustment time of the circulation due to modification of the aerosol radiative forcing by aerosol layers may take a longer time than the hurricane lifetime, and the results from the simulated hurricane show that it is more sensitive to aerosol indirect effects which are related to the cloud microphysics process changes. From this aerosol study, we can suggest that aerosols can influence the cloudiness, precipitation, and intensity of hurricanes significantly, and there may be different results in the meso-scale convective clouds cases. The hurricane system is a large and complex convective system with enormous heating energy and moistures. Moreover, relationships between various hydrometeors in hurricane systems are difficult to isolate and thus, it needs further study with more realistic cloud microphysical processes, aerosol distributions, and parameterizations.

Lee, Keun-Hee

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Improved representation of tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere dynamics in an intermediate complexity climate model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new anomaly coupling technique is introduced into a coarse-resolution dynamic climate model (LOVECLIM), improving the model’s representation of eastern equatorial Pacific surface temperature variability. The anomaly coupling amplifies the ...

Ryan L. Sriver; Axel Timmermann; Michael E. Mann; Klaus Keller; Hugues Goosse

473

Analogous Pacific and Atlantic Meridional Modes of Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From observational analysis a Pacific mode of variability in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)/cold tongue region is identified that possesses characteristics and interpretation similar to the dominant “meridional” mode of interannual–...

John C. H. Chiang; Daniel J. Vimont

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Surface water and atmospheric underway carbon data obtained during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment Indian Ocean survey cruises (R/V Knorr, December 1998--January 1996)  

SciTech Connect

This data documentation presents the results of the surface water and atmospheric underway measurements of mole fraction of carbon dioxide (xCO{sub 2}), sea surface salinity, and sea surface temperature, obtained during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Indian Ocean survey cruises (December 1994--January 1996). Discrete and underway carbon measurements were made by members of the CO{sub 2} survey team. The survey team is a part of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study supported by the US Department of Energy to make carbon-related measurements on the WOCE global survey cruises. Approximately 200,000 surface seawater and 50,000 marine air xCO{sub 2} measurements were recorded.

Kozyr, A. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment, and Resources Center; Allison, L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Mechanism for Abrupt Climate Change Associated with Tropical Pacific SSTs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Pacific’s response to transiently increasing atmospheric CO2 is investigated using three ensemble members from a numerically efficient, coupled atmosphere–ocean GCM. The model is forced with a 1% yr?1 increase in CO2 for 110 yr, when ...

Steve Vavrus; Michael Notaro; Zhengyu Liu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Computational Efficiency and Accuracy of Methods for Asynchronously Coupling Atmosphere-Ocean Climate Models. Part II: Testing with a Seasonal Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The asynchronous coupling schemes used in the seasonal, coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation models (A/O GCMs) of Manabe et al. 1979 and Washington et al. 1980 are tested in the seasonal, coupled atmosphere–ocean model of Harvey and ...

L. D. Danny Harvey

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Characterization of Tropical Transient Activity in the CAM3 Atmospheric Hydrologic Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Atmosphere Model version 3 (CAM3) is the latest generation of a long lineage of general circulation models produced by a collaboration between the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the scientific research ...

Philip J. Rasch; Mark J. Stevens; Lucrezia Ricciardulli; Aiguo Dai; Andrew Negri; Robert Wood; Byron A. Boville; Brian Eaton; James J. Hack

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Principal Modes of Atmospheric Variability in Model Atmospheres with and without Anomalous Sea Surface Temperature Forcing in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Principal modes of low-frequency atmospheric variability and the influence of sea surface temperature anomalies on such modes are investigated by examining the output from two general circulation model experiments. In the first experiment (the “...

In-Sik Kang; Ngar-Cheung Lau

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Nonequilibrium Response of the Global Ocean to the 5-Day Rossby–Haurwitz Wave in Atmospheric Surface Pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the global ocean to the surface pressure signal associated with the well-known 5-day Rossby–Haurwitz atmospheric mode is explored using analytical and numerical tools. Solutions of the Laplace tidal equations for a flat-bottom, ...

Rui M. Ponte

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Seasonal Climatic Changes Induced by Doubled CO2 as Simulated by the OSU Atmospheric GCM/Mixed-Layer Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The OSU global atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) has been coupled to a 60-m deep mixed-layer ocean model to simulate the equilibrium seasonal climatic changes induced by a doubling of the CO2 concentration. Simulations with CO2 ...

Michael E. Schlesinger; Zong-ci Zhao

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tropical atmosphere ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Short-Term Oceanic Response Predicted by a Mixed Layer Model Forced with a Sector Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional version of the Garwood bulk, oceanic mixed layer model is used to simulate the short- term response in a 60° sector. The atmospheric forcing is derived from a version of the UCLA general circulation model used by Sandgathe to ...

Russell L. Elsberry; Scott A. Sandgathe; Frank J. Winninghoff

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Characteristics of Drought and Persistent Wet Spells over the United States in the Atmosphere–Land–Ocean Coupled Model Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmosphere–land–ocean coupled model simulations are examined to diagnose the ability of models to simulate drought and persistent wet spells over the United States. A total of seven models are selected for this study. They are three versions of ...

Kingtse C. Mo; Lindsey N. Long; Jae-Kyung E. Schemm

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

State of the Science: Radar View of Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar played an important role in studies of tropical cyclones since it was developed in the 1940s. In the last 15 years, technological improvements such as the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) WP-3D tail airborne ...

Frank D. Marks Jr.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Statistical Tropical Cyclone Wind Radii Prediction Using Climatology and Persistence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational model used to predict tropical cyclone wind structure in terms of significant wind radii (i.e., 34-, 50-, and 64-kt wind radii, where 1 kt = 0.52 m s?1) at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Hurricane ...

John A. Knaff; Charles R. Sampson; Mark DeMaria; Timothy P. Marchok; James M. Gross; Colin J. McAdie

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Optimal Growth of Tropical Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is argued from SST observations for the period 1950–90 that the tropical Indo-Pacific ocean-atmosphere system may be described as a stable linear dynamical system driven by spatially coherent Gaussian white noise. Evidence is presented that ...

Cécile Penland; Prashant D. Sardeshmukh

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Linear Stability Analysis of Coupled Tropical Atlantic Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear stability analysis of an intermediate coupled ocean–atmosphere model reveals that the tropical Atlantic has two types of coupled modes: a meridional mode at the decadal time scale and a zonal mode at the interannual time scale. The ...

Faming Wang; Ping Chang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Maximum Potential Intensities of Tropical Cyclones near Isla Socorro, Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maximum potential intensity (MPI) of a tropical cyclone represents a theoretical upper limit to the strength of the storm imposed by the laws of physics and the energy available to the system in the atmosphere and the ocean. The MPI in this ...

Jay S. Hobgood

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

How Do Atmosphere and Land Surface Influence Seasonal Changes of Convection in the Tropical Amazon?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the wet season in the tropical Amazon (10°N–20°S) at any one place and in any one year is initiated rapidly by synoptic systems, large-scale thermodynamic conditions modulate the frequency and intensity of these synoptic systems and ...

Rong Fu; Bin Zhu; Robert E. Dickinson

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Atmospheric Temperatures near the Tropical Tropopause: Temporal Variations, Zonal Asymmetry and Implications for Stratospheric Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of temperature measurements obtained over an eight-year period in the vicinity of the low-latitude tropopause confirms the existence of longitude regions which are consistently colder by approximately 2–3 K than elsewhere in the tropics. ...

J. E. Frederick; A. R. Douglass

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Evaporation-Wind Feedback and Low-Frequency Variability in the Tropical Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mechanism by which feedback between zonal wind perturbations and evaporation can create unstable, low-frequency modes in a simple two-layer model of the tropical troposphere is presented. The modes resemble the 30–50 day oscillation. A series ...

J. David Neelin; Isaac M. Held; Kerry H. Cook

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Three-Dimensional Structure of Low-Frequency Pressure Variations in the Tropical Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of a recent study show eastward propagation of information in the low-frequency variations of the tropical sea-level pressure (SLP) field. The current work extends that analysis to investigate the vertical structure of this signal. It is ...

T. P. Barnett

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Linearity of the Atmospheric Response to Tropical Pacific Anomalous Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors show that the effect of a tropical Pacific anomalous forcing can he primarily linear or nonlinear depending on its sign and longitudinal position. Using a nine-level steady-state model both the linear and nonlinear ...

Qing Liu; Cornelius J. F. Schuurmans

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The Ocean’s Memory of the Atmosphere: Residence-Time and Ventilation-Rate Distributions of Water Masses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptually new approach to diagnosing tracer-independent ventilation rates is developed. Tracer Green functions are exploited to partition ventilation rates according to the ventilated fluid’s residence time in the ocean interior and ...

François W. Primeau; Mark Holzer

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Use of a Neurovariational Inversion for Retrieving Oceanic and Atmospheric Constituents from Ocean Color Imagery: A Feasibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a neurovariational method for inverting satellite ocean-color signals. The method is based on a combination of neural networks and classical variational inversion. The radiative transfer equations are modeled by neural ...

C. Jamet; S. Thiria; C. Moulin; M. Crepon

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Origin of the Ocean on the Earth: Early Evolution of Water D/H in a Hydrogen-rich Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the Earth's ocean has been discussed on the basis of deuterium/hydrogen ratios (D/H) of several sources of water in the solar system. The average D/H of carbonaceous chondrites (CC's) is known to be close to the current D/H of the Earth's ocean, while those of comets and the solar nebula are larger by about a factor of two and smaller by about a factor of seven, respectively, than that of the Earth's ocean. Thus, the main source of the Earth's ocean has been thought to be CC's or adequate mixing of comets and the solar nebula. However, those conclusions are correct only if D/H of water on the Earth has remained unchanged for the past 4.5 Gyr. In this paper, we investigate evolution of D/H in the ocean in the case that the early Earth had a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, the existence of which is predicted by recent theories of planet formation no matter whether the nebula remains or not. Then we show that D/H in the ocean increases by a factor of 2-9, which is caused by the mass fractionation during atmospheric hydrogen loss, followed by deuterium exchange between hydrogen gas and water vapor during ocean formation. This result suggests that the apparent similarity in D/H of water between CC's and the current Earth's ocean does not necessarily support the CC's origin of water and that the apparent discrepancy in D/H is not a good reason for excluding the nebular origin of water.

Hidenori Genda; Masahiro Ikoma

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

496

Atmospheric Water Content over the Tropical Pacific Derived from the Nimbus-6 Scanning Microwave Spectrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scanning microwave spectrometer (SCAMS) aboard Nimbus-6 contains a 22.23 GHz water vapor channel and 31.65 GHz window channel for deriving integrated water vapor (precipitable water) and cloud liquid water through a column over the oceans. ...

N. C. Grody; A. Gruber; W. C. Shen

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Origin of the Ocean on the Earth: Early Evolution of Water D/H in a Hydrogen-rich Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the Earth's ocean has been discussed on the basis of deuterium/hydrogen ratios (D/H) of several sources of water in the solar system. The average D/H of carbonaceous chondrites (CC's) is known to be close to the current D/H of the Earth's ocean, while those of comets and the solar nebula are larger by about a factor of two and smaller by about a factor of seven, respectively, than that of the Earth's ocean. Thus, the main source of the Earth's ocean has been thought to be CC's or adequate mixing of comets and the solar nebula. However, those conclusions are correct only if D/H of water on the Earth has remained unchanged for the past 4.5 Gyr. In this paper, we investigate evolution of D/H in the ocean in the case that the early Earth had a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, the existence of which is predicted by recent theories of planet formation no matter whether the nebula remains or not. Then we show that D/H in the ocean increases by a factor of 2-9, which is caused by the mass fractionation during ...

Genda, Hidenori

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

On Scatterometer Ocean Stress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scatterometers estimate the relative atmosphere–ocean motion at spatially high resolution and provide accurate inertial-scale ocean wind forcing information, which is crucial for many ocean, atmosphere, and climate applications. An empirical ...

M. Portabella; A. Stoffelen

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A Conceptual Model for the Influence of TUTT Cells on Tropical Cyclone Motion in the Northwest Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eleven (10 Pacific, 1 Atlantic) tropical cyclones (TCs), which include typhoons/hurricanes and tropical storms, are examined using the latest 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40) dataset and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) best-track data to ...

Jason E. Patla; Duane Stevens; Gary M. Barnes

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Near-inertial and thermal to atmospheric forcing in the North Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observational and modeling techniques are employed to investigate the thermal and inertial upper ocean response to wind and buoyancy forcing in the North Atlantic Ocean. First, the seasonal kinetic energy variability of ...

Silverthorne, Katherine E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z