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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Table 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Trillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 23 Table 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Trillion Btu) End-Use Sectors Electric

2

Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 29 Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumptiona

3

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Oklahoma ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Oklahoma, 1960 - 2011 1960 33.9 902.0 1,118.9 0.0 NA 17.8 17.8 2,072.6 1961 26.1 976.9 1,119.9 0.0 NA 20.2 20 ...

4

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, California ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, California, 1960 - 2011 1960 0.0 589.7 1,771.0 (s) NA 270.2 270.2 2,630.9 1961 0.0 633.8 1,737.7 0.1 NA 248.2 ...

5

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Delaware ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Delaware, 1960 - 2011 1960 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 NA 5.0 5.0 5.0 1961 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 NA 5.1 5.1 5.1

6

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Texas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Texas, 1960 - 2011 1960 26.4 6,610.7 5,379.4 0.0 NA 50.2 50.2 12,066.6 1961 26.5 6,690.2 5,447.3 0.0 NA 52.0 ...

7

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Indiana ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Indiana, 1960 - 2011 1960 346.3 0.3 69.9 0.0 NA 24.6 24.6 441.1 1961 336.7 0.4 66.7 0.0 NA 24.2 24.2 428.0

8

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Oregon ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Oregon, 1960 - 2011 1960 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 NA 190.5 190.5 190.5 1961 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 NA 188.9 188.9 188.9

9

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Arizona ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Arizona, 1960 - 2011 1960 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 NA 36.2 36.2 36.7 1961 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 NA 35.1 35.1 35.5

10

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Ohio, 1960 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Ohio, 1960 - 2011 1960 796.6 36.9 31.3 0.0 NA 37.0 37.0 901.9 1961 756.0 37.3 32.7 0.0 NA 36.4 36.4 862.4

11

Trillion Particles,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trillion Trillion Particles, 120,000 cores, and 350 TBs: Lessons Learned from a Hero I/O Run on Hopper Surendra Byna ∗ , Andrew Uselton ∗ , Prabhat ∗ , David Knaak † , and Yun (Helen) He ∗ ∗ Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA. Email: {sbyna, acuselton, prabhat, yhe}@lbl.gov † Cray Inc., USA. Email: knaak@cray.com Abstract-Modern petascale applications can present a variety of configuration, runtime, and data management challenges when run at scale. In this paper, we describe our experiences in running VPIC, a large-scale plasma physics simulation, on the NERSC production Cray XE6 system Hopper. The simulation ran on 120,000 cores using ∼80% of computing resources, 90% of the available memory on each node and 50% of the Lustre scratch file system. Over two trillion particles were simulated for 23,000 timesteps, and 10 one-trillion particle dumps, each ranging between

12

Table 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Trillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

c Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) ... and electrical system energy losses. ... Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the Distr ...

13

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1963 54.3 228.1 837.6 0.0 na 10.6 10.6 1,130.6 ... 1976 562.9 339.4 778.1 0.0 na 12.5 12.5 1,692.9 ... 2010 7,658.3 2,521.3 r 308.8 r 0.0 0.9 43.5 r ...

14

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... includes refuse recovery. sources except biofuels. ... Coal a Natural Gas b Crude Oil c Biofuels d Other e Production U.S. Energy Information Administration

15

Table PT2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, Minnesota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... includes refuse recovery. sources except biofuels. ... Coal a Natural Gas b Crude Oil c Biofuels d Other e Production U.S. Energy Information Administration

16

Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

e Conventional hydroelectric power. f Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other energy service ...

17

The Btu tax is dead, long live the Btu tax  

SciTech Connect

The energy industry is powerful. That is the only explanation for its ability to jettison a cornerstone of the Clinton Administration's proposed deficit reduction package, the Btu tax plan, expected to raise about $71.5 billion over a five-year period. Clinton had proposed a broad-based energy tax of 25.7 cents per million Btus, and a surcharge of 34.2 cents on petroleum products, to be phased in over three years starting July 1, 1994. House Democrats went along, agreeing to impose a tax of 26.8 cents per million Btus, along with the 34.2-cent petroleum surcharge, both effective July 1, 1994. But something happened on the way to the Senate. Their version of the deficit reduction package contains no broad-based energy tax. It does, however, include a 4.3 cents/gallon fuel tax. Clinton had backed down, and House Democrats were left feeling abandoned and angry. What happened has as much to do with politics-particularly the fourth branch of government, lobbyists-as with a President who wants to try to please everyone. It turns out that almost every lawmaker or lobbyist who sought an exemption from the Btu tax, in areas as diverse as farming or ship and jet fuel used in international commercial transportation, managed to get it without giving up much in return. In the end, the Btu tax was so riddled with exemptions that its effectiveness as a revenue-raiser was in doubt. Meanwhile, it turns out that the Btu tax is not dead. According to Budget Director Leon Panetta, the Administration has not given up on the Btu tax and will fight for it when the reconciliation bill goes to a joint House-Senate conference.

Burkhart, L.A.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Powered by 500 Trillion Calculations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Powered by 500 Trillion Calculations Powered by 500 Trillion Calculations Powered by 500 Trillion Calculations April 15, 2011 - 5:31pm Addthis Blood flow visualization | Photo Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Blood flow visualization | Photo Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Argonne's supercomputer is using its superpowers to map the movement of red blood cells -- which will hopefully lead to better diagnoses and treatments for patients with blood flow complications. With the power of 500 trillion calculations per second, a team of scientists from the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Brown University are mapping the movement of red blood cells -- hoping this will lead to better diagnoses and treatments for patients with

19

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Trillions Served: Massive, Complex...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the number of burgers served has eclipsed the billion mark, while the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) will now serve up trillions of nucleotides of...

20

Diagram 5. Electricity Flow, 2007 (Quadrillion Btu)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation. f Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the pointDiagram 5. Electricity Flow, 2007 (Quadrillion Btu) Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2007 221 Coal 20.99 Nuclear Electric Power 8.41 Energy Consumed To Generate Electricity 42

Bensel, Terrence G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

MSN YYYYMM Value Column Order Description Unit FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MSN YYYYMM Value Column Order Description Unit MSN YYYYMM Value Column Order Description Unit FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu

22

Utah Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Utah Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

23

Ohio Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Ohio Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

24

Idaho Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Idaho Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

25

Texas Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Texas Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

26

Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 4 6 8 10 0 50 100 150 200 250 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Utilities 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1980 1985 1990 1995 1975 2000 Note: In 1996, consumption of natural gas for agricultural use is classified as industrial use. In 1995 and earlier years, agricultural use was classified as commercial use. Sources: 1930-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. 1976-1978: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Natural Gas Annual. 1979: EIA, Natural Gas Production and Consumption, 1979. 1980-1996: Form EIA- 176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition" and Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report." 23. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 1930-1996 Figure

27

Wind/Hydro Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Announcements (Updated July 8, 2010) The Final WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Report, dated June 2, 2009, has been submitted to...

28

Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Jump to: navigation, search Hydro or hydroelectric systems capture the energy in naturally flowing water and convert it to electricity. Related Links List of Hydroelectric...

29

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 3 Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu) Production Trade

30

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: BTU Analysis Plus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plus Plus BTU Analysis Plus logo. Heat load calculation program that performs comprehensive heat load studies with hardcopy printouts of the results. The BTU Analysi Plus program is designed for general heating, air-conditioning, and commerical studies. Since 1987, the BTU Analysis family of programs have been commercially distributed and are marketed through professional organizations, trade advertisements, and word of mouth. They are currently used in six (6) foriegn countries and the U.S. Used in temperate, tropic, artic, and arid climates. They have proved themselves easy to use, accurate and productive again and again. A version of BTU Analysis Plus was adopted for use in the revised HEATING VENTILATING AND AIR CONDITIONING FUNDAMENTALS by Raymond A. Havrella.

31

Figure 10.1 Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 10.1 Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) Total and Major Sources, 19492012 By Source, 2012 By Sector, 2012 Compared With Other Resources, 19492012

32

Figure 91. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2040 (trillion ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 91. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2040 (trillion cubic feet) Alaska Coalbed Methane Lower 48 Offshore Lower 48 Onshore Conventional

33

Parallel I/O, analysis, and visualization of a trillion particle simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Petascale plasma physics simulations have recently entered the regime of simulating trillions of particles. These unprecedented simulations generate massive amounts of data, posing significant challenges in storage, analysis, and visualization. In this ...

Surendra Byna; Jerry Chou; Oliver Rbel; Prabhat; Homa Karimabadi; William S. Daughton; Vadim Roytershteyn; E. Wes Bethel; Mark Howison; Ke-Jou Hsu; Kuan-Wu Lin; Arie Shoshani; Andrew Uselton; Kesheng Wu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

EA-281 Manitoba Hydro | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manitoba Hydro EA-281 Manitoba Hydro Order authorizing Manitoba Hydro to export electric energy to Canada. EA-281 Manitoba Hydro More Documents & Publications EA-281-B...

35

Property:Geothermal/CapacityBtuHr | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CapacityBtuHr CapacityBtuHr Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "Geothermal/CapacityBtuHr" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.8 + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 10.3 + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 2 + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 1 + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 2.4 + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 3 + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.3 +

36

Property:Geothermal/AnnualGenBtuYr | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AnnualGenBtuYr AnnualGenBtuYr Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "Geothermal/AnnualGenBtuYr" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 5.3 + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 72.5 + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 5 + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 7 + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 17 + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 6.5 + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 1.8 +

37

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: BTU Analysis REG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REG REG BTU Analysis REG logo. Heat load calculation program that performs comprehensive heat load studies with hardcopy printouts of the results. The REG program is designed for general heating, air-conditioning, and light commercial studies. Since 1987, the BTU Analysis family of programs have been commercially distributed and are marketed through professional organizations, trade advertisements, and word of mouth. They are currently used in six (6) foriegn countries and the U.S. Used in temperate, tropic, artic, and arid climates. They have proved themselves easy to use, accurate and productive again and again. A version of BTU Analysis, was adopted for use in the revised HEATING VENTILATING AND AIR CONDITIONING FUNDAMENTALS by Raymond A. Havrella. Keywords

38

Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A new technology for energy storage called Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage (SPHS) has been evaluated from a techno-economical point of view. Intermittent renewable energy sources (more)

Erik, Almen John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Resultatavhengig belnning : Hydro energi.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Kari Lurs Resultatavhengig belnning Hydro Energi SAMMENDRAG Incentivbasert belnning er mindre utbredt i Norge enn i en rekke andre land. I Frankrike har blant annet (more)

Lurs, Kari

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Transportation and Handling of Medium Btu Gas in Pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal-derived medium btu gas can be safely transported by pipeline over moderate distances, according to this survey of current industrial pipeline practices. Although pipeline design criteria will be more stringent than for natural gas pipelines, the necessary technology is readily available.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Environmental Permitting of a Low-BTU Coal Gasification Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high price of natural gas and fuel oil for steam/power generation has alerted industry's decision makers to potentially more economical ways to provide the needed energy. Low-Btu fuel gas produced from coal appears to be an attractive alternate that merits serious consideration since only relatively small modifications to the existing oil or gas burner system may be required, and boiler derating can be minimized. The environmental permitting and planning process for a low-Btu coal gasification facility needs to address those items that are not only unique to the gasification process itself, but also items generic to conventional firing of coal. This paper will discuss the environmental data necessary for permitting a low-Btu gasification facility located in the State of Louisiana. An actual case study for a 500,000 lb/hr natural gas-fired process steam plant being converted to low Btu gas will be presented. Typical air, water and solid waste effluents that must be considered will also be described.

Murawczyk, C.; Stewart, J. T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

BTU convergence spawning gas market opportunities in North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The so-called BTU convergence of US electric power and natural gas sectors is spawning a boom in market opportunities in the US Northeast that ensures the region will be North America`s fastest growing gas market. That`s the view of Catherine Good Abbott, CEO of Columbia Gas Transmission Corp., who told a Ziff Energy conference in Calgary that US Northeast gas demand is expected to increase to almost 10 bcfd in 2000 and more than 12 bcfd in 2010 from about 8 bcfd in 1995 and only 3 bcfd in 1985. The fastest growth will be in the US Northeast`s electrical sector, where demand for gas is expected to double to 4 bcfd in 2010 from about 2 bcfd in 1995. In other presentations at the Ziff Energy conference, speakers voiced concerns about the complexity and speed of the BTU convergence phenomenon and offered assurances about the adequacy of gas supplies in North American to meet demand growth propelled by the BTU convergence boom. The paper discusses the gas demand being driven by power utilities, the BTU convergence outlook, electric power demand, Canadian production and supply, and the US overview.

NONE

1998-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

43

HydroChina Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroChina Corporation Place Beijing Municipality, China Zip 100011 Sector Hydro, Wind energy Product Beijing-based firm focused on hydro and wind power development. References...

44

Himalaya Hydro Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Himalaya Hydro Pvt Ltd Place Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 500 033 Sector Biomass, Hydro, Wind energy Product Hyderabad-based mini-hydro project developer expanding into...

45

Hydro | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Hydro Dataset Summary Description Detailed inventory of available renewable energy (RE) resource assessment data. Although the type, amount, and regional distribution of resource information vary by resource, assessments are available for each RE category (conducted by DOE and various private and public organizations). Solar, wind and geothermal resources have assessment products available at numerous scales (national, regional, and site specific). Source NREL Date Released October 01st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated January 28th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords biomass goethermal Hydro ocean energy renewable energy resource assessment solar wind Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Inventory of Resource Assessment Data (xlsx, 68.3 KiB)

46

"Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.2;" 2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.2;" " Unit: Percents." ,,,"Consumption" " ",,"Consumption","per Dollar" " ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,"Total United States" "Value of Shipments and Receipts" "(million dollars)" " Under 20",3,3,3 " 20-49",5,5,4 " 50-99",6,5,4 " 100-249",5,5,4 " 250-499",7,9,7 " 500 and Over",3,2,2 "Total",2,2,2

47

HydroPulse Drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tempress HydroPulse{trademark} tool increases overbalanced drilling rates by generating intense suction pulses at the drill bit. This report describes the operation of the tool; results of pressure drilling tests, wear tests and downhole drilling tests; and the business case for field applications. The HydroPulse{trademark} tool is designed to operate on weighted drilling mud at conventional flow rates and pressures. Pressure drilling tests confirm that the HydroPulse{trademark} tool provides 33% to 200% increased rate of penetration. Field tests demonstrated conventional rotary and mud motor drilling operations. The tool has been operated continuous for 50 hours on weighted mud in a wear test stand. This level of reliability is the threshold for commercial application. A seismic-while-drilling version of the tool was also developed and tested. This tool was used to demonstrate reverse vertical seismic profiling while drilling an inclined test well with a PDC bit. The primary applications for the HydroPulse{trademark} tool are deep onshore and offshore drilling where rate of penetration drives costs. The application of the seismic tool is vertical seismic profiling-while-drilling and look-ahead seismic imaging while drilling.

J.J. Kolle

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 5 Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu)

49

Table 1.4a Primary Energy Imports by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

10 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 Table 1.4a Primary Energy Imports by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Imports

50

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 7 Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)

51

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 7 Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)

52

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview, 1949-2011 (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview, 1949-2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Year: Production: Trade: Stock Change and Other 8: Consumption: Fossil Fuels 2

53

Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 5 Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Fossil Fuels

54

EA-281-B Manitoba Hydro | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-B Manitoba Hydro EA-281-B Manitoba Hydro Order authorizing Manitoba Hydro to export electric energy to Canada. EA-281-B Manitoba Hydro More Documents & Publications EA-281...

55

EA-281-A Manitoba Hydro | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-A Manitoba Hydro EA-281-A Manitoba Hydro Order authorizing Manitoba Hydro to export electric energy to Canada. EA-281-A Manitoba Hydro More Documents & Publications EA-281...

56

Sectoral combustor for burning low-BTU fuel gas  

SciTech Connect

A high-temperature combustor for burning low-BTU coal gas in a gas turbine is disclosed. The combustor includes several separately removable combustion chambers each having an annular sectoral cross section and a double-walled construction permitting separation of stresses due to pressure forces and stresses due to thermal effects. Arrangements are described for air-cooling each combustion chamber using countercurrent convective cooling flow between an outer shell wall and an inner liner wall and using film cooling flow through liner panel grooves and along the inner liner wall surface, and for admitting all coolant flow to the gas path within the inner liner wall. Also described are systems for supplying coal gas, combustion air, and dilution air to the combustion zone, and a liquid fuel nozzle for use during low-load operation. The disclosed combustor is fully air-cooled, requires no transition section to interface with a turbine nozzle, and is operable at firing temperatures of up to 3000.degree. F. or within approximately 300.degree. F. of the adiabatic stoichiometric limit of the coal gas used as fuel.

Vogt, Robert L. (Schenectady, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Hydro Aluminium Sunndal Expansion Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 1, 2003 ... Hydro Aluminium Sunndal Expansion Project ... very competitive, and it is the prerequisite for the present project, both in terms of cost efficiency...

58

"Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.2;" 2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.2;" " Unit: Percents." ,,,"Consumption" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar" ,"Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,"Total United States" "Value of Shipments and Receipts" "(million dollars)" " Under 20",2.5,2.5,2.4 " 20-49",5,5,4.3 " 50-99",5.8,5.8,5.3 " 100-249",6.2,6.2,5.3 " 250-499",8.2,8,7.1 " 500 and Over",4.3,3,2.7

59

Wind integration into hydro dominant Power System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Icelandic Power System is a hydro dominant system where approximately 75 % of the electricity generation is hydro based. However due to transmission constraints (more)

Thorleiksson, Johannes

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Hydro Generation Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Hydro Generation Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Hydro Generation Ltd Place Devon,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Aquaphile sarl Hydro Gen | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aquaphile sarl Hydro Gen Jump to: navigation, search Name Aquaphile sarl Hydro Gen Address 210 Le Vrennic Place Landda Zip 29870 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number...

62

Voith Hydro Wavegen Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Voith Hydro Wavegen Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Voith Hydro Wavegen Limited Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http:www.wavegen.co.uk Region United Kingdom...

63

Manitoba Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manitoba Hydro Manitoba Hydro Jump to: navigation, search Name Manitoba Hydro Place Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Zip R3M 3T1 Sector Hydro Product Manitoba Hydro is the province's major energy utility. Coordinates 49.89944°, -97.140794° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.89944,"lon":-97.140794,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

Lifting hydro's potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities are taking another look at potential sites for hydroelectric installations, reevaluating sites that had been uneconomic to develop and those that can be renovated or expanded. Both large- and small-scale facilities now offer the advantages of free fuel, no air or thermal pollution, and no waste - making hydro an attractive way to increase utility capacity. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is participating in screening studies which evaluate the unique characteristics of specific sites and recommend technical improvements for better water control and a higher output. Pumped-hydro facilities are increasing, with new attention going to underground storage as new aboveground sites become harder to find. The institutional hurdles of licensing and regulation, interference with recreational and shoreline activities, down-stream water temperature changes, fish migration, and insurance are often in conflict. EPRI's screening program includes a simplified cost/benefit analysis and a site characterization, which utilities can use for their evaluation. Future research will explore a new financing arrangement that will lower front-end costs. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Ferreira, A.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Expanded standards and codes case limits combined buildings delivered energy to 21 quadrillion Btu by 2035  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Erin Boedecker, Session Moderator Erin Boedecker, Session Moderator April 27, 2011 | Washington, DC Energy Demand. Efficiency, and Consumer Behavior 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2010 Technology Reference Expanded Standards Expanded Standards + Codes -7.6% ≈ 0 Expanded standards and codes case limits combined buildings delivered energy to 21 quadrillion Btu by 2035 2 Erin Boedecker, EIA Energy Conference, April 27, 2011 delivered energy quadrillion Btu Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 -4.8% 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2010 Technology Reference High Technology High technology assumptions with more efficient consumer behavior keep buildings energy to just over 20 quadrillion Btu 3 Erin Boedecker, EIA Energy Conference, April 27, 2011 delivered energy quadrillion Btu

66

OpenEI Community - hydro  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

people in the community about the water power topics you care about

forum gateway hydro Power Water Thu, 28 Mar 2013 22:12:42 +0000 Graham7781 647 at http:en.openei.org...

67

Pumped Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Introduction caption:Pumped Storage diagram at TVA's Racoon mountain Pumped Hydro is an energy storage technique where water is used as a medium in order to store...

68

PP-54 Ontario Hydro Electric Power Commission | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 Ontario Hydro Electric Power Commission PP-54 Ontario Hydro Electric Power Commission Presidential Permit authorizing Ontario Hydro Electric Power Commission to construct,...

69

PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967 PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967 Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Hydro and Power...

70

Hydro-FAST Axial Flow Simulation Code Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

strategy Summary of work to date * HydroTurbSim (turbulence) * MAP (mooring) * HydroFAST (hydro-servo-elastic) Path forward Aquantis Verdant NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY...

71

,"Weekly Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Weekly Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)",1,"Weekly","12/13/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngwhhdw.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngwhhdw.htm" ,"Source:" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:22 PM"

72

The Mansfield Two-Stage, Low BTU Gasification System: Report of Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The least expensive way to produce gas from coal is by low Btu gasification, a process by which coal is converted to carbon monoxide and hydrogen by reacting it with air and steam. Low Btu gas, which is used near its point of production, eliminates the high costs of oxygen and methanation required to produce gas that can be transmitted over long distance. Standard low Btu fixed bed gasifiers have historically been plagued by three constraints; namely, the production of messy tars and oils, the inability to utilize caking coals, and the inability to accept coal fines. Mansfield Carbon Products, Inc., a subsidiary of A.T. Massey Coal Company, has developed an atmospheric pressure, two-stage process that eliminates these three problems.

Blackwell, L. T.; Crowder, J. T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Analysis of the market and product costs for coal-derived high Btu gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE analyzed the market potential and economics of coal-derived high-Btu gas using supply and demand projections that reflect the effects of natural gas deregulation, recent large oil-price rises, and new or pending legislation designed to reduce oil imports. The results indicate that an increasingly large market for supplemental gas should open up by 1990 and that SNG from advanced technology will probably be as cheap as gas imports over a wide range of assumptions. Although several studies suggest that a considerable market for intermediate-Btu gas will also exist, the potential supplemental gas demand is large enough to support both intermediate - and high-Btu gas from coal. Advanced SNG-production technology will be particularly important for processing the US's abundant, moderately to highly caking Eastern coals, which current technology cannot handle economically.

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) Eligibility Utility...

75

small hydro | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

03 03 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278803 Varnish cache server small hydro Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Three case studies in (1) Solar market electrification, (2) Wind-solar hybrid system in Kuakata Sea Beach and (3) Micro hydro power plant of Aung Thuwi Khoi. (Purpose): SWERA Documentation Source Renewable Energy Research Centre Date Released December 02nd, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 20th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh case studies documentation GEF renewable energy small hydro solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Document (pdf, 566.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

76

Property:HydroSystem | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroSystem Jump to: navigation, search Property Name HydroSystem Property Type String Description A description of the hydrothermal system in the geothermal area This is a...

77

Optimization Online - Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2011 ... Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using Approximate ... Keywords: OR in Energy, Approximate Dynamic Programming,...

78

Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics of Planets and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-gravitational fluid mechanical methods termed hydro-gravitational-dynamics (HGD) predict plasma fragmentation 0.03 Myr after the turbulent big bang to form protosuperclustervoids, turbulent protosuperclusters, and protogalaxies at the 0.3 Myr transition from plasma to gas. Linear protogalaxyclusters fragment at 0.003 Mpc viscous-inertial scales along turbulent vortex lines or in spirals, as observed. The plasma protogalaxies fragment on transition into white-hot planet-mass gas clouds (PFPs) in million-solar-mass clumps (PGCs) that become globular-star-clusters (GCs) from tidal forces or dark matter (PGCs) by freezing and diffusion into 0.3 Mpc halos with 97% of the galaxy mass. The weakly collisional non-baryonic dark matter diffuses to > Mpc scales and frag-ments to form galaxy cluster halos. Stars and larger planets form by binary mergers of the trillion PFPs per PGC on 0.03 Mpc galaxy accretion disks. Star deaths depend on rates of planet accretion and internal star mixing. Moderate accretion rates p...

Gibson, Carl H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

"NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristic(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.3;" 3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",,,"Consumption" " "," ",,"Consumption","per Dollar" " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristic(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,,"Total United States" " 311 - 339","ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES" ,"Value of Shipments and Receipts" ,"(million dollars)" ," Under 20",3,3,3

80

U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million BTU)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million BTU) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 2000's: 12.91: 15.20 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Parametric Analysis of a 6500-Btu/kWh Heat Rate Dispersed Generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cost and performance assessments of two alternative system designs for a 2-MW molten carbonate fuel cell power plant yielded encouraging results: a 6500-Btu/kWh heat rate and a total plant investment of $1200-$1300/kW. Differences between the two designs establish a permissible range of operating conditions for the fuel cell that will help guide its development.

1985-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

82

Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source, 1949-2011 (Billion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas (Dry) Crude Oil 3: NGPL 4: Total: Hydro-electric Power 6: Geothermal 7: Solar/PV 8: Wind 9: Biomass 10: Total: 1949. ... refuse recovery. See Table 7.1.

83

Process designs and cost estimates for a medium Btu gasification plant using a wood feedstock  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A gasification plant to effect the conversion of wood to medium-Btu gas has been designed. The Purox gasifier and associated equipment were selected as a prototype, since this system is nearer to commercialization than others considered. The object was to determine the cost of those processing steps common to all gasification schemes and to identify specific research areas. A detailed flowsheet and mass-balance are presented. Capital investment statements for three plant sizes (400, 800, 1,600 oven-dry tons per day) are included along with manufacturing costs for each of these plants at three feedstock prices: $10, $20, $30 per green ton (or $20, $40, $60 per dry ton). The design incorporates a front-end handling system, package cryogenic oxygen plant, the Purox gasifier, a gas-cleaning train consisting of a spray scrubber, ionizing wet scrubber, and condenser, and a wastewater treatment facility including a cooling tower and a package activated sludge unit. Cost figures for package units were obtained from suppliers and used for the oxygen and wastewater treatment plants. The gasifier is fed with wood chips at 20% moisture (wet basis). For each pound of wood, 0.32 lb of oxygen are required, and 1.11 lb of gas are produced. The heating value of the gas product is 300 Btu/scf. For each Btu of energy input (feed + process energy) to the plant, 0.91 Btu exists with the product gas. Total capital investments required for the plants considered are $9, $15, and $24 million (1978) respectively. In each case, the oxygen plant represents about 50% of the total investment. For feedstock prices from $10 to $30 per green ton ($1.11 to $3.33 per MM Btu), break-even costs of fuel gas range from $3 to $7 per MM Btu. At $30/ton, the feedstock cost represents approximately 72% of the total product cost for the largest plant size; at $10/ton, it represents only 47% of product cost.

Desrosiers, R. E.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

hydro | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

03 03 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234803 Varnish cache server hydro Home Water Power Forum Description: Forum for information related to the Water Power Gateway The Water Power Community Forum provides you with a way to engage with other people in the community about the water power topics you care about forum gateway hydro Power Water Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

85

large hydro | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

large hydro large hydro Dataset Summary Description The Planning Database Project provides the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) with regular data to track progress towards achieving EU targets for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) sources. Extracts from the database are available each month. Information collected in the database includes: name, location and installed capacity of RE projects over 0.1MW; environmental designations; planning status; and construction status. Included here is the October 2010 Progress Datasheet, and an extract from December, 15, 2010 (i.e. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released December 15th, 2010 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biomass co-firing installed capacity

86

,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/16/2013" Daily","12/16/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngwhhdd.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngwhhdd.htm" ,"Source:" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD" "Date","Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" 35437,3.82 35438,3.8 35439,3.61 35440,3.92 35443,4 35444,4.01 35445,4.34 35446,4.71 35447,3.91

87

,"U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","8/2013" Monthly","8/2013" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","11/29/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_plc_nus_dmmbtum.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_plc_nus_dmmbtum.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:47 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","NGM_EPG0_PLC_NUS_DMMBTU" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"

88

,"U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","11/29/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_plc_nus_dmmbtua.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_plc_nus_dmmbtua.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:46 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","NGM_EPG0_PLC_NUS_DMMBTU" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"

89

,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngwhhda.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngwhhda.htm" ,"Source:" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:19 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD" "Date","Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)" 35611,2.49 35976,2.09 36341,2.27 36707,4.31 37072,3.96 37437,3.38 37802,5.47 38168,5.89 38533,8.69 38898,6.73

90

Production of Medium BTU Gas by In Situ Gasification of Texas Lignite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The necessity of providing clean, combustible fuels for use in Gulf Coast industries is well established; one possible source of such a fuel is to perform in situ gasification of Texas lignite which lies below stripping depths. If oxygen (rather than air) is used for gasification, the resulting medium Btu gas could be economically transported by pipeline from the gasification sites to the Gulf coast. Technical, environmental, and economic aspects of implementing this technology are discussed.

Edgar, T. F.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Development and testing of low-Btu fuel gas turbine combustors  

SciTech Connect

The integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) concept represents a highly efficient and environmentally compatible advanced coal fueled power generation technology. When IGCC is coupled with high temperature desulfurization, or hot gas cleanup (HGCU), the efficiency and cost advantage of IGCC is further improved with respect to systems based on conventional low temperature gas cleanup. Commercialization of the IGCC/HGCU concept requires successful development of combustion systems for high temperature low Btu fuel in gas turbines. Toward this goal, a turbine combustion system simulator has been designed, constructed, and fired with high temperature low Btu fuel. Fuel is supplied by a pilot scale fixed bed gasifier and hot gas desulfurization system. The primary objectives of this project are: (1) demonstration of long term operability of the turbine simulator with high temperature low Btu fuel; (2) characterization of particulates and other contaminants in the fuel as well as deposits in the fuel nozzle, combustor, and first stage nozzle; and (3) measurement of NO{sub x}, CO, unburned hydrocarbons, trace element, and particulate emissions.

Bevan, S.; Abuaf, N.; Feitelberg, A.S.; Hung, S.L.; Samuels, M.S.; Tolpadi, A.K.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

An Evaluation of Low-BTU Gas from Coal as an Alternate Fuel for Process Heaters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the price gap between oil and natural gas and coal continues to widen, Monsanto has carefully searched out and examined opportunities to convert fuel use to coal. Preliminary studies indicate that the low-btu gas produced by fixed-bed, air blown gasifiers could potentially replace the natural gas now used in process heaters. The technology is well established and requires less capital than the higher-btu process heaters. Low-btu gas has sufficient heating value and flame temperature to be acceptable fuel for most process heaters. Economics for gas production appear promising, but somewhat uncertain. Rough evaluations indicate rates of return of as much as 30-40%. However, the economics are very dependent on a number of site- specific considerations including: coal vs. natural gas prices, economic life of the gas-consuming facility, quantity of gas required, need for desulfurization, location of gasifiers in relation to gas users, existence of coal unloading and storage facilities, etc. Two of these factors, the difference between coal and natural gas prices and the project life are difficult to predict. The resulting uncertainty has caused Monsanto to pursue coal gasification for process heaters with cautious optimism, on a site by site basis.

Nebeker, C. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage -A Technology Assessment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel technology for energy storage called Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage (SPHS) has been evaluated from a techno-economical point of view. Intermittent renewable energy sources (more)

Falk, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Hydro, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Hydro, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia...

95

Village Hydro Technology Module | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Module AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics: Technology characterizations Website: web.worldbank.orgWBSITE...

96

"NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristic(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.4;" 4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.4;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",,,"Consumption" " "," ",,"Consumption","per Dollar" " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristic(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,,"Total United States" " 311 - 339","ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES" ,"Employment Size" ," Under 50",3,4,4 ," 50-99",5,5,5 ," 100-249",4,4,3

97

Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics of Planets and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-gravitational fluid mechanical methods termed hydro-gravitational-dynamics (HGD) predict plasma fragmentation 0.03 Myr after the turbulent big bang to form protosuperclustervoids, turbulent protosuperclusters, and protogalaxies at the 0.3 Myr transition from plasma to gas. Linear protogalaxyclusters fragment at 0.003 Mpc viscous-inertial scales along turbulent vortex lines or in spirals, as observed. The plasma protogalaxies fragment on transition into white-hot planet-mass gas clouds (PFPs) in million-solar-mass clumps (PGCs) that become globular-star-clusters (GCs) from tidal forces or dark matter (PGCs) by freezing and diffusion into 0.3 Mpc halos with 97% of the galaxy mass. The weakly collisional non-baryonic dark matter diffuses to > Mpc scales and frag-ments to form galaxy cluster halos. Stars and larger planets form by binary mergers of the trillion PFPs per PGC on 0.03 Mpc galaxy accretion disks. Star deaths depend on rates of planet accretion and internal star mixing. Moderate accretion rates produce white dwarfs that evaporate surrounding gas planets by spin-radiation to form planetary nebulae before Supernova Ia events, dimming some events to give systematic distance errors misinterpreted as the dark energy hypothesis and overestimates of the universe age. Failures of standard LCDM cosmological models reflect not only obsolete Jeans 1902 fluid mechanical assumptions, but also failures of standard turbulence models that claim the cascade of turbulent kinetic energy is from large scales to small. Because turbulence is always driven at all scales by inertial-vortex forces the turbulence cascade is always from small scales to large.

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2008-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

98

Antu County Hengxin Hydro Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Antu County Hengxin Hydro Power Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Antu County Hengxin Hydro...

99

Deformation Prediction of a Heavy Hydro Turbine Blade During ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Deformation Prediction of a Heavy Hydro Turbine Blade During ... Abstract Scope, Heavy hydro turbine castings are made of martensitic...

100

Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial Heat Pump Program (Maine) Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial Heat Pump Program...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Emissions from Su3 and Su4 at Hydro Sunndal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2009 ... Potlines at Hydro Sunndalsra Norway. Sderberg ... ?Built in 2002, Hydro technology, side-by-side cells ..... Minimize the energy input to the.

102

PP-369 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority PP-369 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Presidential Permit authorizing British Columbia and Power Authority to construct,...

103

Electricity generation from non-hydro renewable sources varies ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

May 2, 2012 Electricity generation from non-hydro renewable sources varies by state. Wind accounted for most non-hydro renewable generation in 2011, but sources of ...

104

Low/medium-Btu coal-gasification assessment program for specific sites of two New York utilities  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this study is to investigate the technical and economic aspects of coal gasification to supply low- or medium-Btu gas to the two power plant boilers selected for study. This includes the following major studies (and others described in the text): investigate coals from different regions of the country, select a coal based on its availability, mode of transportation and delivered cost to each power plant site; investigate the effects of burning low- and medium-Btu gas in the selected power plant boilers based on efficiency, rating and cost of modifications and make recommendations for each; and review the technical feasibility of converting the power plant boilers to coal-derived gas. The following two coal gasification processes have been used as the basis for this Study: the Combustion Engineering coal gasification process produces a low-Btu gas at approximately 100 Btu/scf at near atmospheric pressure; and the Texaco coal gasification process produces a medium-Btu gas at 292 Btu/scf at 800 psig. The engineering design and economics of both plants are described. Both plants meet the federal, state, and local environmental requirements for air quality, wastewater, liquid disposal, and ground level disposal of byproduct solids. All of the synthetic gas alternatives result in bus bar cost savings on a yearly basis within a few years of start-up because the cost of gas is assumed to escalate at a lower rate than that of fuel oil, approximately 4 to 5%.

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Hydro Alternative Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternative Energy Alternative Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Hydro Alternative Energy Place Boca Raton, Florida Zip 33486 Sector Ocean Product Marine project developer focusing on ocean current and tidal power development using underwater turbines. References Hydro Alternative Energy[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Oceanus This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Hydro Alternative Energy is a company located in Boca Raton, Florida . References ↑ "Hydro Alternative Energy" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Hydro_Alternative_Energy&oldid=678899

106

Design and Performance of a Low Btu Fuel Rich-Quench-Lean Gas Turbine Combustor  

SciTech Connect

General Electric Company is developing gas turbines and a high temperature desulfurization system for use in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants. High temperature desulfurization, or hot gas cleanup (HGCU), offers many advantages over conventional low temperature desulfurization processes, but does not reduce the relatively high concentrations of fuel bound nitrogen (FBN) that are typically found in low Btu fuel. When fuels containing bound nitrogen are burned in conventional gas turbine combustors, a significant portion of the FBN is converted to NO{sub x}. Methods of reducing the NO{sub x} emissions from IGCC power plants equipped with HGCU are needed. Rich-quench-lean (RQL) combustion can decrease the conversion of FBN to NO{sub x} because a large fraction of the FBN is converted into non-reactive N{sub 2} in a fuel rich stage. Additional air, required for complete combustion, is added in a quench stage. A lean stage provides sufficient residence time for complete combustion. Objectives General Electric has developed and tested a rich-quench-lean gas turbine combustor for use with low Btu fuels containing FBN. The objective of this work has been to design an RQL combustor that has a lower conversion of FBN to N{sub x} than a conventional low Btu combustor and is suitable for use in a GE heavy duty gas turbine. Such a combustor must be of appropriate size and scale, configuration (can-annular), and capable of reaching ``F`` class firing conditions (combustor exit temperature = 2550{degrees}F).

Feitelberg, A.S.; Jackson, M.R.; Lacey, M.A.; Manning, K.S.; Ritter, A.M.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

107

Understanding Utility Rates or How to Operate at the Lowest $/BTU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is intended to give the reader knowledge into utility marketing strategies, rates, and services. Although water is a utility service, this paper will concern itself with the energy utilities, gas and electric. Commonality and diversity exist in the strategies and rates of the gas and electric utilities. Both provide services at no charge which make energy operation for their customers easier, safer and more economical. It is important to become familiar with utility strategies, rates, and services because energy knowledge helps your business operate at the lowest energy cost ($/BTU).

Phillips, J. N.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Fuel injection staged sectoral combustor for burning low-BTU fuel gas  

SciTech Connect

A high-temperature combustor for burning low-BTU coal gas in a gas turbine is described. The combustor comprises a plurality of individual combustor chambers. Each combustor chamber has a main burning zone and a pilot burning zone. A pipe for the low-BTU coal gas is connected to the upstream end of the pilot burning zone; this pipe surrounds a liquid fuel source and is in turn surrounded by an air supply pipe; swirling means are provided between the liquid fuel source and the coal gas pipe and between the gas pipe and the air pipe. Additional preheated air is provided by counter-current coolant air in passages formed by a double wall arrangement of the walls of the main burning zone communicating with passages of a double wall arrangement of the pilot burning zone; this preheated air is turned at the upstream end of the pilot burning zone through swirlers to mix with the original gas and air input (and the liquid fuel input when used) to provide more efficient combustion. One or more fuel injection stages (second stages) are provided for direct input of coal gas into the main burning zone. The countercurrent air coolant passages are connected to swirlers surrounding the input from each second stage to provide additional oxidant.

Vogt, Robert L. (Schenectady, NY)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fuel injection staged sectoral combustor for burning low-BTU fuel gas  

SciTech Connect

A high-temperature combustor for burning low-BTU coal gas in a gas turbine is described. The combustor comprises a plurality of individual combustor chambers. Each combustor chamber has a main burning zone and a pilot burning zone. A pipe for the low-BTU coal gas is connected to the upstream end of the pilot burning zone: this pipe surrounds a liquid fuel source and is in turn surrounded by an air supply pipe: swirling means are provided between the liquid fuel source and the coal gas pipe and between the gas pipe and the air pipe. Additional preheated air is provided by counter-current coolant air in passages formed by a double wall arrangement of the walls of the main burning zone communicating with passages of a double wall arrangement of the pilot burning zone: this preheated air is turned at the upstream end of the pilot burning zone through swirlers to mix with the original gas and air input (and the liquid fuel input when used) to provide more efficient combustion. One or more fuel injection stages (second stages) are provided for direct input of coal gas into the main burning zone. The countercurrent air coolant passages are connected to swirlers surrounding the input from each second stage to provide additional oxidant.

Vogt, Robert L. (Schenectady, NY)

1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

110

High btu gas from peat. A feasibility study. Part 1. Executive summary. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In September, 1980, the US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded a Grant (No. DE-FG01-80RA50348) to the Minnesota Gas Company (Minnegasco) to evaluate the commercial viability - technical, economic and environmental - of producing 80 million standard cubic feet per day (SCFD) of substitute natural gas (SNG) from peat. The proposed product, high Btu SNG would be a suitable substitute for natural gas which is widely used throughout the Upper Midwest by residential, commercial and industrial sectors. The study team consisted of Dravo Engineers and Constructors, Ertec Atlantic, Inc., The Institute of Gas Technology, Deloitte, Haskins and Sells and Minnegasco. Preliminary engineering and operating and financial plans for the harvesting, dewatering and gasification operations were developed. A site in Koochiching County near Margie was chosen for detailed design purposes only; it was not selected as a site for development. Environmental data and socioeconomic data were gathered and reconciled. Potential economic data were gathered and reconciled. Potential impacts - both positive and negative - were identified and assessed. The peat resource itself was evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. Markets for plant by-products were also assessed. In summary, the technical, economic, and environmental assessment indicates that a facility producing 80 billion Btu's per day SNG from peat is not commercially viable at this time. Minnegasco will continue its efforts into the development of peat and continue to examine other options.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

$1.7 Trillion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beginning in 2007 in California, reduction of vampire or standby losses This will save $10 Billion when finally implemented, nationwide Out of a total $700 Billion, a crude summary is that 1/3 is structural, 1/3 is from transportation, and 1/3 from buildings and industry. 3 Two Energy Agencies in California The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) was formed in 1890 to regulate natural monopolies, like railroads, and later electric and gas utilities. The California Energy Commission (CEC) was formed in 1974 to regulate the environmental side of energy production and use. Now the two agencies work very closely, particularly to delay climate change. The Investor-Owned Utilities, under the guidance of the CPUC, spend Public Goods Charge money (rate-payer money) to do everything they can that is cost effective to beat existing standards. The Publicly-Owned utilities (20 % of the power), under loose supervision by the CEC, do the same. Californias Energy Action Plan

U. C. Berkeley; Arthur H. Rosenfeld; Or Just Google art Rosenfeld

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Ontario Hydro Motor Efficiency Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors consume more than one-half of the electrical energy produced by Ontario Hydro. In the residential sector, the major motor load is for refrigerators and freezers while packaged equipment dominate the motor load in the commercial market. However, this paper concentrates on the industrial market since 76% of this market's load is motors. The poly phase integral horsepower motor is the "workhorse" of industry. The efficiency of the standard induction motor can be improved. The new "high efficiency" motor is described and the operating cost is compared to the standard motor. Payback for high efficiency motors is found to be about one year for continuous duty applications. Specific instructions are presented for use in industry.

Dautovich, D. R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Norsk Hydro og opsjonsbrket : en retorisk analyse av Norsk Hydros legitimering av opsjonssaken sommeren 2007.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Denne oppgaven handler om hvordan en presset industribedrift, Norsk Hydro, reagerer og kommuniserer sine holdninger angende opsjonsbrket sommeren 2007 i den norske pressen. Utgangspunktet for (more)

Ticevic, Sabina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A comparison of the aquatic impacts of large hydro and small hydro projects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The expansion of small hydro development in British Columbia has raised concerns surrounding the effects of these projects, and the provincial governments decision to proceed (more)

Taylor, Lara Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Vortex Hydro Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Energy LLC Hydro Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Vortex Hydro Energy LLC Address 4870 West Clark Rd Suite 108 Place Ypsilanti Zip 48197 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 734.971.4020 Website http://www.vortexhydroenergy.c Region United States LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vortex_Hydro_Energy_LLC&oldid=678497

116

Florida Hydro Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Inc Hydro Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Florida Hydro Inc Place Palatka, Florida Zip 32177 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Develops electrical generation and hydrogen production devices. Coordinates 29.648535°, -81.637029° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.648535,"lon":-81.637029,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

117

North American Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Hydro Jump to: navigation, search Name North American Hydro Place Schofield, Wisconsin Zip 54476 Sector Hydro Product Focused on developing, upgrading, owning, and operating hydroelectric facilities. Coordinates 44.92061°, -89.612847° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.92061,"lon":-89.612847,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

118

Hydro Green Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Energy Green Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Hydro Green Energy Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056 Sector Hydro Product Hydro Green Energy is a project developer and integrator that designs, builds, and operates kinetic hydro power projects. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

119

Ambient Hydro Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ambient Hydro Ltd Ambient Hydro Ltd Place Corsham, United Kingdom Zip SN13 9TZ Sector Hydro, Services Product Ambient Hydro Ltd develops small Hydroelectric projects. It also offers a range of technical and financial consultancy services. Coordinates 51.431505°, -2.187229° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.431505,"lon":-2.187229,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

120

HydroVolts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroVolts HydroVolts Jump to: navigation, search Name HydroVolts Address 2815 Eastlake Ave E Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98102 Sector Hydro Product Aims to develop renewable energy from canals, waterways, streams, and ocean currents Website http://www.hydrovolts.com/ Coordinates 47.645778°, -122.3257532° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.645778,"lon":-122.3257532,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Energy for Cleaner Transportation Hydro-Quebec  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy for Cleaner Transportation K. Zaghib Hydro-Quebec Varennes, Quebec, Canada J. Prakash a wide range of topics associated with power sources for hybrid electric cars. Major emphasis

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

122

Vortex Hydro Energy - National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

Vortex Hydro Energy, LLC Michael M. Bernitsas Ph.D., CEO and CTO Gus Simiao MSE, MBA, Dir. of Business Development NRELs 20th Annual, Industry Growth Forum

123

Operation of a steam hydro-gasifier in a fluidized bed reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Self-Sustained Hydro- Gasification." [0011] In aprocess, using a steam hydro-gasification reactor (SHR) thepyrolysis and hydro-gasification in a single step. This

Park, Chan Seung; Norbeck, Joseph N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cofiring of coal and dairy biomass in a 100,000 btu/hr furnace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dairy biomass (DB) is evaluated as a possible co-firing fuel with coal. Cofiring of DB offers a technique of utilizing dairy manure for power/steam generation, reducing greenhouse gas concerns, and increasing financial returns to dairy operators. The effects of cofiring coal and DB have been studied in a 30 kW (100,000 BTU/hr) burner boiler facility. Experiments were performed with Texas Lignite coal (TXL) as a base line fuel. The combustion efficiency from co-firing is also addressed in the present work. Two forms of partially composted DB fuels were investigated: low ash separated solids and high ash soil surface. Two types of coal were investigated: TXL and Wyoming Powder River Basin coal (WYO). Proximate and ultimate analyses were performed on coal and DB. DB fuels have much higher nitrogen (kg/GJ) and ash content (kg/GJ) than coal. The HHV of TXL and WYO coal as received were 14,000 and 18,000 kJ/kg, while the HHV of the LA-PC-DBSepS and the HA-PC-DB-SoilS were 13,000 and 4,000 kJ/kg. The HHV based on stoichiometric air were 3,000 kJ/kg for both coals and LA-PC-DB-SepS and 2,900 kJ/kg for HA-PC-DB-SoilS. The nitrogen and sulfur loading for TXL and WYO ranged from 0.15 to 0.48 kg/GJ and from 0.33 to 2.67 for the DB fuels. TXL began pyrolysis at 640 K and the WYO at 660 K. The HA-PC-DB-SoilSs began pyrolysis at 530 K and the LA-PC-DB-SepS at 510 K. The maximum rate of volatile release occurred at 700 K for both coals and HA-PC-DB-SoilS and 750K for LA-PC-DB-SepS. The NOx emissions for equivalence ratio (?) varying from 0.9 to 1.2 ranged from 0.34 to 0.90 kg/GJ (0.79 to 0.16 lb/mmBTU) for pure TXL. They ranged from 0.35 to 0.7 kg/GJ (0.82 to 0.16 lb/mmBTU) for a 90:10 TXL:LA-PC-DB-SepS blend and from 0.32 to 0.5 kg/GJ (0.74 to 0.12 lb/mmBTU) for a 80:20 TXL:LA-PC-DB-SepS blend over the same range of ?. In a rich environment, DB:coal cofiring produced less NOx and CO than pure coal. This result is probably due to the fuel bound nitrogen in DB is mostly in the form of urea which reduces NOx to non-polluting gases such as nitrogen (N2).

Lawrence, Benjamin Daniel

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Combined compressed air storage-low BTU coal gasification power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical generating power plant includes a Compressed Air Energy Storage System (CAES) fueled with low BTU coal gas generated in a continuously operating high pressure coal gasifier system. This system is used in coordination with a continuously operating main power generating plant to store excess power generated during off-peak hours from the power generating plant, and to return the stored energy as peak power to the power generating plant when needed. The excess coal gas which is produced by the coal gasifier during off-peak hours is stored in a coal gas reservoir. During peak hours the stored coal gas is combined with the output of the coal gasifier to fuel the gas turbines and ultimately supply electrical power to the base power plant.

Kartsounes, George T. (Naperville, IL); Sather, Norman F. (Naperville, IL)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Materials exposure test facilities for varying low-Btu coal-derived gas  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the United States Department of Energy's High Temperature Turbine Technology Readiness Program, the Morgantown Energy Technology Center is participating in the Ceramics Corrosion/Erosion Materials Study. The objective is to create a technology base for ceramic materials which could be used by stationary gas power turbines operating in a high-temperature, coal-derived, low-Btu gas products of combustion environment. Two METC facilities have been designed, fabricated and will be operated simultaneously exposing ceramic materials dynamically and statically to products of combustion of a coal-derived gas. The current studies will identify the degradation of ceramics due to their exposure to a coal-derived gas combustion environment.

Nakaishi, C.V.; Carpenter, L.K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Analysis of industrial markets for low and medium Btu coal gasification. [Forecasting  

SciTech Connect

Low- and medium-Btu gases (LBG and MBG) can be produced from coal with a variety of 13 existing and 25 emerging processes. Historical experience and previous studies indicate a large potential market for LBG and MBG coal gasification in the manufacturing industries for fuel and feedstocks. However, present use in the US is limited, and industry has not been making substantial moves to invest in the technology. Near-term (1979-1985) market activity for LBG and MBG is highly uncertain and is complicated by a myriad of pressures on industry for energy-related investments. To assist in planning its program to accelerate the commercialization of LBG and MBG, the Department of Energy (DOE) contracted with Booz, Allen and Hamilton to characterize and forecast the 1985 industrial market for LBG and MBG coal gasification. The study draws five major conclusions: (1) There is a large technically feasible market potential in industry for commercially available equipment - exceeding 3 quadrillion Btu per year. (2) Early adopters will be principally steel, chemical, and brick companies in described areas. (3) With no additional Federal initiatives, industry commitments to LBG and MBG will increase only moderately. (4) The major barriers to further market penetration are lack of economic advantage, absence of significant operating experience in the US, uncertainty on government environmental policy, and limited credible engineering data for retrofitting industrial plants. (5) Within the context of generally accepted energy supply and price forecasts, selected government action can be a principal factor in accelerating market penetration. Each major conclusion is discussed briefly and key implications for DOE planning are identified.

1979-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

128

HydroGen Corporation formerly Chiste Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroGen Corporation formerly Chiste Corp HydroGen Corporation formerly Chiste Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name HydroGen Corporation (formerly Chiste Corp) Place Jefferson Hills, Pennsylvania Zip 15025 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product HydroGen Corporation is a manufacturer of multi-megawatt fuel cell systems utilizing its proprietary 400-kilowatt phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) technology References HydroGen Corporation (formerly Chiste Corp)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. HydroGen Corporation (formerly Chiste Corp) is a company located in Jefferson Hills, Pennsylvania . References ↑ "HydroGen Corporation (formerly Chiste Corp)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=HydroGen_Corporation_formerly_Chiste_Corp&oldid=346722"

129

Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited Place Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India Zip 201 301 Sector Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product Focused on hydro projects; diversifying into solar and wind power. References Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited is a company located in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India . References ↑ "Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Limited" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Tehri_Hydro_Development_Corporation_Limited&oldid=352096

130

Coupled hydro-mechanical processes in crytalline rock and in induratedand plastic clays: A comparative discussion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Grimsel. In Coupled Thermo-Hydro- Mechanical-ChemicalCOUPLED HYDRO-MECHANICAL PROCESSES IN CRYTALLINE ROCK AND IN

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Blumling, Peter; Bernier, Frederic

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Property:HydroInfo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroInfo HydroInfo Jump to: navigation, search Property Name HydroInfo Property Type Text Subproperties This property has the following 77 subproperties: 2 2-M Probe Survey A Acoustic Logs Active Seismic Methods Aeromagnetic Survey Analytical Modeling C Caliper Log Cation Geothermometers Cement Bond Log Conceptual Model Core Analysis Core Holes Cuttings Analysis D Data Acquisition-Manipulation Data Techniques Data and Modeling Techniques Drilling Methods E Electric Micro Imager Log Electromagnetic Sounding Methods Elemental Analysis with Fluid Inclusion F FLIR Formation Testing Techniques Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey G Gamma Log Gas Flux Sampling Gas Geothermometry Geochemical Data Analysis G cont. Geochemical Techniques Geodetic Survey Geophysical Methods Geothermal Literature Review

132

Ascent Hydro Projects Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects Ltd Projects Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Ascent Hydro Projects Ltd. Place Pune, Maharashtra, India Zip 411007 Sector Hydro Product Pune-based small hydro project developer. It is a subsidiary of Dodsonâ€"Lindblom International Inc. Coordinates 18.52671°, 73.8616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":18.52671,"lon":73.8616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Geo Hydro Supply | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geo Hydro Supply Geo Hydro Supply Jump to: navigation, search Name Geo Hydro Supply Address 997 State Route 93 NW Place Sugarcreek, Ohio Zip 44681 Sector Geothermal energy Phone number 800-820-1005 Website http://www.geohydrosupply.com Coordinates 40.498216°, -81.661197° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.498216,"lon":-81.661197,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

134

Renewable Energy Resources Inc formerly Internal Hydro International Inc |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Internal Hydro International Inc Internal Hydro International Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro International Inc) Place Tampa, Florida Zip 33603 Sector Hydro Product Internal Hydro's technology takes waste, pumped pressures of fluids, gases or the constantly available natural flows of water and extracts power from them via a turbine. References Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro International Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro International Inc) is a company located in Tampa, Florida . References ↑ "Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro

135

Modern Control System Design for Hydro-power Plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses dynamic model and advance controller design for entire Hydro-power plant. Although hydro-power has the best payback ratio and the highest efficiency in (more)

Ding, Xibei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments: Role of Remote SST Forcing Title LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments: Role of Remote SST...

137

Hydro Relicensing Forum: Relicensing Strategies, National Review Group Interim Publication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of its Hydro Relicensing Forum, EPRI convened a National Review Group to improve hydroelectric relicensing outcomes through a neutral dialogue between hydro operators, government agencies, tribes, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

138

Hydro Relicensing Forum: Relicensing Strategies National Review Group Interim Publication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of its Hydro Relicensing Forum, EPRI convened a National Review Group to improve hydroelectric relicensing outcomes through a neutral dialogue between hydro operators, government agencies, tribes, and non-governmental organizations.

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

139

HydroGen Aquaphile sarl | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon HydroGen Aquaphile sarl Jump to: navigation, search Name HydroGen Aquaphile sarl Sector Marine...

140

Heavy duty gas turbine combustion tests with simulated low BTU coal gas  

SciTech Connect

There is an increasing industry interest in integrated gas turbine combined cycle plants in which coal gasifiers provide the fuel for the gas turbines. Some gasifier plant designs, including the air-blown processes, some integrated oxygen blown processes and some oxygen-blown processes followed by heavy moisturization, produce fuel gases which have lower heating values ranging from 130 to below 100 BTU/scf for which there is little gas turbine combustion experience. This program has the objectives to: Parametrically determine the effects of moisture, nitrogen and carbon dioxide as diluents so that the combustion characteristics of many varieties of gasification product gases can be reasonably predicted without physically testing each specific gas composition; determine emissions characteristics including NO[sub x], CO, levels etc. associated with each of the diluents; operate with two syngas compositions; DOE chosen air-blown and integrated oxygen-blown, to confirm that the combustion characteristics are in line with predictions; determine if logical'' refinements to the fuel nozzle will yield improved performance for LBTU fuels; determine the conversion rate of ammonia to NO[sub x]; determine the effects of methane inclusion in the fuel.

Ekstrom, T.E.; Battista, R.A.; Maxwell, G.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Heavy duty gas turbine combustion tests with simulated low BTU coal gas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is an increasing industry interest in integrated gas turbine combined cycle plants in which coal gasifiers provide the fuel for the gas turbines. Some gasifier plant designs, including the air-blown processes, some integrated oxygen blown processes and some oxygen-blown processes followed by heavy moisturization, produce fuel gases which have lower heating values ranging from 130 to below 100 BTU/scf for which there is little gas turbine combustion experience. This program has the objectives to: Parametrically determine the effects of moisture, nitrogen and carbon dioxide as diluents so that the combustion characteristics of many varieties of gasification product gases can be reasonably predicted without physically testing each specific gas composition; determine emissions characteristics including NO{sub x}, CO, levels etc. associated with each of the diluents; operate with two syngas compositions; DOE chosen air-blown and integrated oxygen-blown, to confirm that the combustion characteristics are in line with predictions; determine if ``logical`` refinements to the fuel nozzle will yield improved performance for LBTU fuels; determine the conversion rate of ammonia to NO{sub x}; determine the effects of methane inclusion in the fuel.

Ekstrom, T.E.; Battista, R.A.; Maxwell, G.P.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Heavy duty gas turbine combustion tests with simulated low BTU coal gas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is an increasing industry interest in integrated gas turbine combined cycle plants in which coal gasifiers provide the fuel for the gas turbines. Some gasifier plant designs, including the air-blown processes, some integrated oxygen blown processes and some oxygen-blown processes followed by heavy moisturization, produce fuel gases which have lower heating values ranging from 130 to below 100 BTU/scf for which there is little gas turbine combustion experience. This program has the objectives to: Parametrically determine the effects of moisture, nitrogen and carbon dioxide as diluents so that the combustion characteristics of many varieties of gasification product gases can be reasonably predicted without physically testing each specific gas composition; determine emissions characteristics including NO[sub x], CO, levels etc. associated with each of the diluents; operate with two syngas compositions; DOE chosen air-blown and integrated oxygen-blown, to confirm that the combustion characteristics are in line with predictions; determine if logical'' refinements to the fuel nozzle will yield improved performance for LBTU fuels; determine the conversion rate of ammonia to NO[sub x]; determine the effects of methane inclusion in the fuel.

Ekstrom, T.E.; Battista, R.A.; Maxwell, G.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Hydro Relicensing Forum: Preferred Practices Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydropower comprises about ten percent of the electricity generated in the U.S. This clean and efficient means of producing electricity is only one of the many benefits derived from our nation's hydro resources. This guidebook captures the results of an extended dialogue conducted through an EPRI sponsored survey and workshops in 1998 with licensees, agencies, and public interest groups.

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Chiho Nonaka; Steffen A. Bass

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

145

Groundwater Data Modeling for Arc Hydro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the years 19992002, a consortium for geographic information systems (GIS) in water resources, led by the Center for Research in Water Resources (CRWR) and the Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), developed a data model, named Arc Hydro, for the presentation of surface water data in ArcGIS. This model was published in the summer of 2002 (Maidment, 2002) and has since been adopted as a common framework by data producing agencies, such as the USGS, and by creators of hydrologic models requiring GIS data such as the Hydrologic Engineering Center and the Danish Hydraulic Institute. The Design of Arc Hydro revealed that it is possible to define a hydrologic information system which is a synthesis of geospatial and temporal data supporting hydrologic analysis and modeling (Maidment, 2002). This is an exciting new concept because rather than simply applying GIS in water resources, it provides a new way of thinking about how information technology can be used to support water resources planning, modeling and management. While the first Arc Hydro data model focused on describing surface water behavior, it has become apparent that a similar effort is needed to define an ArcGIS data model for groundwater, as part of Arc Hydro. This need is emphasized by the lack of a well understood and generally agreed

unknown authors

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Control system for Kaplan hydro-turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In hydro power plants from Romania, there is a major interest for the implementation of digital systems for monitoring and control to replace the conventional control systems for power, frequency and voltage. Therefore is necessary to develop mathematical ... Keywords: Kaplan turbine, control system, turbine model

Matei Vinatoru; Eugen Iancu; Camelia Maican; Gabriela Canureci

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Nonaka, C; Nonaka, Chiho; Bass, Steffen A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

LANL hydro test update(u)  

SciTech Connect

Briefings presenting W78 programmatic activities for FY11 and the status and plan for associated Hydro 3617, is included wherewith in support of the NNSA W78 Program Review Meeting scheduled for January 11 thru 13, 2011, at the Savannah River Plant, SC.

Aragon, Ezekiel D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

149

Analysis of medium-BTU gasification condensates, June 1985-June 1986  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides the final results of chemical and physical analysis of condensates from biomass gasification systems which are part of the US Department of Energy Biomass Thermochemical Conversion Program. The work described in detail in this report involves extensive analysis of condensates from four medium-BTU gasifiers. The analyses include elemental analysis, ash, moisture, heating value, density, specific chemical analysis, ash, moisture, heating value, density, specific chemical analysis (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, infrared spectrophotometry, Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry) and Ames Assay. This work was an extension of a broader study earlier completed of the condensates of all the gasifers and pyrolyzers in the Biomass Thermochemical Conversion Program. The analytical data demonstrates the wide range of chemical composition of the organics recoverd in the condensates and suggests a direct relationship between operating temperature and chemical composition of the condensates. A continuous pathway of thermal degradation of the tar components as a function of temperature is proposed. Variations in the chemical composition of the organic in the tars are reflected in the physical properties of tars and phase stability in relation to water in the condensate. The biological activity appears to be limited to the tars produced at high temperatures as a result of formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in high concentrations. Future studies of the time/temperature relationship to tar composition and the effect of processing atmosphere should be undertaken. Further processing of the condensates either as wastewater treatment or upgrading of the organics to useful products is also recommended. 15 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Elliott, D.C.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Norsk Hydro ASA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASA ASA Jump to: navigation, search Name Norsk Hydro ASA Place Oslo, Norway Zip NO-0283 Sector Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar Product Oslo-based energy and aluminium supplier operating in more than 40 countries, with renewable activities particularly focused on solar and hydroelectric power. Coordinates 59.91228°, 10.74998° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":59.91228,"lon":10.74998,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

Advanced Hydro Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solutions Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Advanced Hydro Solutions Place Fairlawn, Ohio Zip 44333 Sector Hydro Product Ohio-based company seeking to develop hydroelectric facilities on existing dams. Coordinates 41.134339°, -81.622978° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.134339,"lon":-81.622978,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

152

PP-369 British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British Columbia Hydro  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PP-369 British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British PP-369 British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority PP-369 British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Presidential Permit authorizing British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority to construct, operate,a dn maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. PP-369 British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority More Documents & Publications PP-369 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-369 British Columbia Transmission Corporation and British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Application to Amend Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-022-4 British

153

Definition: Micro/Nano Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Micro/Nano Hydro Micro/Nano Hydro Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Micro/Nano Hydro A very small type of hydroelectric power conversion, created by harnessing free-flowing water.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Micro hydro is a type of hydroelectric power that typically produce up to 100 kW of electricity using the natural flow of water. These installations can provide power to an isolated home or small community, or are sometimes connected to electric power networks. There are many of these installations around the world, particularly in developing nations as they can provide an economical source of energy without the purchase of fuel. Micro hydro systems complement photovoltaic solar energy systems because in many areas, water flow, and thus available hydro power, is highest in the

154

MHK Technologies/HydroGen 10 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroGen 10 HydroGen 10 < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage HydroGen 10.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization HydroGen Aquaphile sarl Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Hydro Gen Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7/8: Open Water System Testing & Demonstration & Operation Technology Description Hydro Gen is a big floating paddle wheels turbine included in a catamaran frame venturi shaped The frame is optimized to allow tapping a maximum of water in move in order to capture a maximum of kinetic energy which is transformed in mechanical energy by the wheel motion and then transformed into electrical energy through a generator mechanically driven by the wheel And then finally changed by a power control station to a steady electrical current normed at the customer request

155

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) This is the approved...

156

Hydro-chemical Process for Alumina Production from Low Grade ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process is a hydro-chemical treatment for the residue after the typical Bayer ... LNG Power Plant:Trihydrate (150C Dgs.) & Monohydrate (250C Dgs.)*.

157

Electricity generation from non-hydro renewable sources varies by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind, hydro, solar, ... (NREL) has mapped resource potential for onshore and offshore wind, solar photovoltaic and concentrating solar, and geothermal resources.

158

TMS to Install Hydro Aluminum's Wolfgang Schneider as 2012 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Schneider is the head of the research and development center of Hydro Aluminum Rolled Products Business in Bonn, Germany and is also a professor of ...

159

Statistical Analysis of Dross Data for Hydro Aluminium Casthouses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Statistical Analysis of Dross Data for Hydro Aluminium Casthouses. Author(s), Christian Rosenkilde, Inge Johansen, Amanda Bowles. On-Site...

160

Market Structure and Equilibrium in a Hydro Dominated Electricity Market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hydro generation plays an important role in electricity generation, especially in countries like New Zealand where 60 to 65 percent of electricity is generated in (more)

Lu, Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Using fully coupled hydro-geomechanic...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Using fully coupled hydro-geomechanical numerical test bed to study reservoir stimulation with low hydraulic pressure Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map...

162

A Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Numerical Model For Hdr Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Numerical Model For Hdr Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A...

163

High Btu gas from peat. A feasibility study. Part 2. Management plans for project continuation. Task 10. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this task, which was the responsibility of the Minnesota Gas Company, was to determine the needs of the project upon completion of the feasibility study and determine how to implement them most effectively. The findings of the study do not justify the construction of an 80 billion Btu/day SNG from peat plant. At the present time Minnegasco will concentrate on other issues of peat development. Other processes, other products, different scales of operation - these are the issues that Minnegasco will continue to study. 3 references.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Operation of a steam hydro-gasifier in a fluidized bed reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPERATION OF A S T E A M HYDRO-GASIFIER IN A FLUIDIZED BEDMaterial Using Self-Sustained Hydro- Gasification." [0011]the process, using a steam hydro-gasification reactor (SHR)

Park, Chan Seung; Norbeck, Joseph N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Presidental permit authorizing Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construc, operate and maintain electric...

166

Thermo-hydro-chemical Predictive analysis for the drift-scale predictive heater test,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization Project Thermo-Hydro-Chemical Predictive90-1116 Berkeley, C A 94720 Thermo-Hydro-Chemical PredictiveVersion 1.0 Thermo-Hydro-Chemical Predictive Analysis for

Sonnenthal, Eric L.; Spycher, Nicolas; Apps, John; Simmons, Ardyth

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Presidental permit authorizing Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construc, operate and maintain electric...

168

HydroChina ZhongNan Engineering Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name HydroChina ZhongNan Engineering Corp Place Hunan Province, China Sector Hydro, Wind energy Product Hunan Province-based firm focused on hydro and wind power...

169

[Hydro-Quebec]: Annual report, 1998  

SciTech Connect

Hydro Quebec is a publicly owned utility constituted by an Act of the Quebec Legislative Assembly in April 1944. In 1981, it became a joint stock company with a single shareholder: The Quebec government. It generates, transmits and distributes almost all the electricity consumed in Quebec and also sells and purchases both energy and power under agreement with neighboring systems in Canada and the United States. The annual report discusses the year's activities, and includes a financial review, financial statements and a five-year review, a list of the Board of Directors and senior management, descriptions of subsidiaries and affiliates and statistics covering the power system.

Not Available

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Assessment and design of small-scale hydro-electric power plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Appraisal and design of small-scale hydro power plants requires a knowledge of hydraulics, hydrology, civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering, and basic economics. Further, small hydro (more)

Jones, ID

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Hydro-Qubec Distribution - Biomass - EAP 2011-1 (Quebec, Canada...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydro-Qubec Distribution - Biomass - EAP 2011-1 (Quebec, Canada) Hydro-Qubec Distribution - Biomass - EAP 2011-1 (Quebec, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial...

172

Hydro Stakeholder Collaboration and Public Involvement Planning Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes nine utility case applications of the hydro stakeholder communications and public involvement tools presented in a recent EPRI report. The resulting experience can assist utilities in developing an effective public outreach program that will pay off in long-term public support for hydro relicensing and operations.

1998-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

173

MHK Technologies/HydroCoil Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » MHK Technologies/HydroCoil Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage HydroCoil Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization HydroCoil Power Inc Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The HydroCoil device is set inside of a molded plastic cylinder six inches in diameter to produce hydro electric power at low cost and with high efficiency in places with low head and low water flow The unit s coiled vane sequentially slows the water thereby extracting more energy

174

Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial Heat Pump  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial Heat Pump Program (Maine) Bangor Hydro Electric Company - Residential and Small Commercial Heat Pump Program (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Maine Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Mini-Split Heat Pumps: $600; plus 7.75% financing if necessary Provider Bangor Hydro Electric Company Bangor Hydro Electric Company offers a two-tiered incentive program for residential and small commercial customers. Mini-Split Heat Pumps are eligible for a rebate of $600, as well as a loan to cover the initial cost of the heat pump purchase. Financing is offered at 7.75% APR, for up to

175

AD Hydro Power Ltd ADHPL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AD Hydro Power Ltd ADHPL AD Hydro Power Ltd ADHPL Jump to: navigation, search Name AD Hydro Power Ltd. (ADHPL) Place Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India Zip 201301 Sector Hydro Product Noida-based small hydro project developer. It is a subsidiary of Malana Power Company Limited. Coordinates 28.56737°, 77.36779° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.56737,"lon":77.36779,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

Natural gas distributed throughout the Marcellus black shale in northern Appalachia could boost proven U.S. gas reserves by trillions of cubic feet (see http://live.psu.edu/story/28116).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas distributed throughout the Marcellus black shale in northern Appalachia could boost proven U.S. gas reserves by trillions of cubic feet (see http://live.psu.edu/story/28116). A recent gas exploration and extraction. In return for lease rights, parties recovering gas customarily pay

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

177

Fuel.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

F14: Other Petroleum Products Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2011 State Consumption Prices Expenditures Thousand Barrels Trillion Btu Dollars per Million Btu...

178

COMPCOAL{trademark}: A profitable process for production of a stable high-Btu fuel from Powder River Basin coal  

SciTech Connect

Western Research Institute (WRI) is developing a process to produce a stable, clean-burning, premium fuel from Powder River Basin (PRB) coal and other low-rank coals. This process is designed to overcome the problems of spontaneous combustion, dust formation, and readsorption of moisture that are experienced with PRB coal and with processed PRB coal. This process, called COMPCOAL{trademark}, results in high-Btu product that is intended for burning in boilers designed for midwestern coals or for blending with other coals. In the COMPCOAL process, sized coal is dried to zero moisture content and additional oxygen is removed from the coal by partial decarboxylation as the coal is contacted by a stream of hot fluidizing gas in the dryer. The hot, dried coal particles flow into the pyrolyzer where they are contacted by a very small flow of air. The oxygen in the air reacts with active sites on the surface of the coal particles causing the temperature of the coal to be raised to about 700{degrees}F (371{degrees}C) and oxidizing the most reactive sites on the particles. This ``instant aging`` contributes to the stability of the product while only reducing the heating value of the product by about 50 Btu/lb. Less than 1 scf of air per pound of dried coal is used to avoid removing any of the condensible liquid or vapors from the coal particles. The pyrolyzed coal particles are mixed with fines from the dryer cyclone and dust filter and the resulting mixture at about 600{degrees}F (316{degrees}C) is fed into a briquettor. Briquettes are cooled to about 250{degrees}F (121{degrees}C) by contact with a mist of water in a gas-tight mixing conveyor. The cooled briquettes are transferred to a storage bin where they are accumulated for shipment.

Smith, V.E.; Merriam, N.W.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Sifting Through a Trillion Electrons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

jets. Image by Oliver Rubel The team was able to accelerate FastQuery's indexing and query capabilities by implementing a hierarchical load-balancing strategy that involves a...

180

c13.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Expenditures Primary Total (trillion Btu) Total (trillion Btu) Total (billion kWh) All Buildings* ... 4,404 63,307 14.4 9,168 3,037 890...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

c13a.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Expenditures Primary Total (trillion Btu) Total (trillion Btu) Total (billion kWh) All Buildings ... 4,617 70,181 15.2 10,746 3,559...

182

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Site Total (million dollars) Total (trillion Btu) Total (trillion Btu) Total (billion kWh) All Buildings* ... 4,404 63,307 14.4 9,168 3,037 890...

183

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Site Total (million dollars) Total (trillion Btu) Total (trillion Btu) Total (billion kWh) All Buildings ... 4,617 70,181 15.2 10,746 3,559 1,043...

184

Released: February 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"(billion","NGL(e)","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","End Use","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","(trillion Btu...

185

Application of crossflow turbine in off-grid pico hydro renewable energy system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews small-scale hydro turbines and their applications at power production environment while focusing on the application of cross-flow turbine in pico hydro set-up, a run-of-river scheme which does not require dam or reservoir for water ... Keywords: cross-flow turbine, pico hydro, renewable energy, run-of-river, small-scale hydro

J. A. Razak; Y. Ali; M. A. Alghoul; Mohammad Said Zainol; Azami Zaharim; K. Sopian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Table 2.1d Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2.1d Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year: Primary Consumption 1: Electricity

187

Table 2.1e Transportation Sector Energy Consumption Estimates ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2.1e Transportation Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year: Primary Consumption 1: Electricity

188

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

"MSN","YYYYMM","Value","Column_Order","Description","Unit" "BDFDBUS",200101,0.094,1,"Biodiesel Feedstock","Trillion Btu" ...

189

New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

England Hydro-Tran Elec Co England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Jump to: navigation, search Name New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Place Massachusetts Utility Id 13355 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=New_England_Hydro-Tran_Elec_Co&oldid=411165" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

190

Flood survival: Getting a hydro plant back on line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Remmel Dam and Hydro Plant of Arkansas Power and Light Company was flooded on May 20, 1990. This article describes the teamwork and innovation that went into restoring the powerhouse in a short amount of time.

Weatherford, C.W. (Entergy Services, Inc., Little Rock, AR (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Norsk Hydro Buys Vale Aluminum Business - Materials Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Posted on: 5/4/2010 12:00:00 AM... In the largest transaction in its history, Norwegian aluminum producer Norsk Hydro announced on May 2 that it will take over...

192

Microsoft PowerPoint - Entergy-Hydro-Operations_Smethers [Compatibilit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

t l 2010 Pl Fl d P l Minimum Power Pool 535 7 p 2010 Actual 2010 Plan Flood Pool Weekly Hydro Analysis * Ted Smethers prepares analysis for EMO * Standard set of schedules * How...

193

2000 TMS Annual Meeting Exhibitor: HYDRO ALUMINUM HYCAST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hycast division of Hydro Aluminium is located nearby the Sunndal plant in Norway. In addition to the main office, Hycast has a US office in Louisville and are...

194

SLCA/IP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

42014 15:46 SLCAIP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation less losses (kWh) Less Proj. Use (kWh) Net Generation (kWh) SHP Deliveries (kWh) Firming Purchases (kWh)...

195

Final Report - Wind and Hydro Energy Feasibility Study - June 2011  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This feasibility examined two of the Yurok Tribe's most promising renewable energy resources, wind and hydro, to provide the Tribe detailed, site specific information that will result in a comprehensive business plan sufficient to implement a favorable renewable energy project.

Jim Zoellick; Richard Engel; Rubin Garcia; Colin Sheppard

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

196

SLCA/IP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13 16:39 SLCAIP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation less losses (kWh) Less Proj. Use (kWh) Net Generation (kWh) SHP Deliveries (kWh) Firming Purchases (kWh)...

197

New England Hydro-Trans Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trans Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name New England Hydro-Trans Corp Place New Hampshire Utility Id 13356 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes...

198

Methodology for Costing Ancillary Services from Hydro Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the unique flexibility of Hydro resources, Hydro resource owners perceive a unique opportunity to profit from emerging markets for Ancillary Services (A/S) service products. Effective pricing and profitability measurement tools, however, are not widely available. This report creates a framework for defining A/S products and develops a methodology for calculating total incremental costs of providing A/S in terms of five cost elements.

2000-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

199

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's). ~Butanol is safer to handle with a Reid Value of 0.33 psi is easily recovered, increasing the energy yield of a bushel of corn by an additional 18 percent over the energy yield of ethanol produced from the same quantity of corn. ~Current butanol prices as a chemical

Toohey, Darin W.

200

MHK Technologies/HydroVenturi | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroVenturi HydroVenturi < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage HydroVenturi.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization HydroVenturi Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description HydroVenturi marine system a submarine Venturi is used to accelerate the water and create a subsequent pressure drop which can be made to drive a turbine This design does not require impounding large bodies of water to extract energy economically nor does it require submarine turbines or submarine moving or electrical parts Expensive maintenance operations that typically arise when complex mechanical systems are submerged in a marine or river environment can thus be avoided This is expected significantly to reduce total system lifecycle costs and eventually enable HydroVenturi to generate electricity at costs competitive with fossil fuels with low recurring maintenance or fuel costs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model, in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the final state interaction effects on physical observables. 1. FREEZEOUT PROCESS AND VISCOSITY IN HYDRODYNAMICS Hydrodynamic models have been very successful in describing the collective behavior of matter at RHIC, such as single particle spectra and elliptic flow. In particular the strong elliptic flow which, for the first time, reaches the hydrodynamic limit at RHIC, provides us with a new understanding of the nature of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created at RHIC as strongly interacting or correlated QGP [ 1]. However there exist a number of experimental observations that contradict ideal hydrodynamic models: transverse momentum spectra above 2 GeV, elliptic flow at large pseudo-rapdities ? and Hanbury Brown- Twiss (HBT) interferometry. These observations suggest that there exist limitations to the application of a simple ideal hydrodynamic model to RHIC physics and that an improvement on an ideal hydrodynamic model is needed in order to obtain a comprehensive and unified description of the data from the point of view of hydrodynamics. In general, hydrodynamic models require initial conditions, an equations of state (EoS)

Chiho Nonakaa A; Steffen A. Bass

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Low NO{sub x} turbine power generation utilizing low Btu GOB gas. Final report, June--August 1995  

SciTech Connect

Methane, a potent greenhouse gas, is second only to carbon dioxide as a contributor to potential global warming. Methane liberated by coal mines represents one of the most promising under exploited areas for profitably reducing these methane emissions. Furthermore, there is a need for apparatus and processes that reduce the nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from gas turbines in power generation. Consequently, this project aims to demonstrate a technology which utilizes low grade fuel (CMM) in a combustion air stream to reduce NO{sub x} emissions in the operation of a gas turbine. This technology is superior to other existing technologies because it can directly use the varying methane content gases from various streams of the mining operation. The simplicity of the process makes it useful for both new gas turbines and retrofitting existing gas turbines. This report evaluates the feasibility of using gob gas from the 11,000 acre abandoned Gateway Mine near Waynesburg, Pennsylvania as a fuel source for power generation applying low NO{sub x} gas turbine technology at a site which is currently capable of producing low grade GOB gas ({approx_equal} 600 BTU) from abandoned GOB areas.

Ortiz, I.; Anthony, R.V.; Gabrielson, J.; Glickert, R.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Evolving Einstein's Field Equations with Matter: The ``Hydro without Hydro'' Test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We include matter sources in Einstein's field equations and show that our recently proposed 3+1 evolution scheme can stably evolve strong-field solutions. We insert in our code known matter solutions, namely the Oppenheimer-Volkoff solution for a static star and the Oppenheimer-Snyder solution for homogeneous dust sphere collapse to a black hole, and evolve the gravitational field equations. We find that we can evolve stably static, strong-field stars for arbitrarily long times and can follow dust sphere collapse accurately well past black hole formation. These tests are useful diagnostics for fully self-consistent, stable hydrodynamical simulations in 3+1 general relativity. Moreover, they suggest a successive approximation scheme for determining gravitational waveforms from strong-field sources dominated by longitudinal fields, like binary neutron stars: approximate quasi-equilibrium models can serve as sources for the transverse field equations, which can be evolved without having to re-solve the hydrodynamical equations (``hydro without hydro'').

Thomas W. Baumgarte; Scott A. Hughes; Stuart L. Shapiro

1999-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

204

Assess the key physics that underpins high-hydro coupling-efficiency in NDCX-II experiments and high-gain heavy ion direct drive target designs using proven hydro codes like HYDRA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physics that underpins high-hydro coupling-efficiency in N Dtarget designs using proven hydro codes like H Y D R A . byF E targets, we have studied hydro and implosion efficiency

Barnard, J. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Papua New Guinea plans for more hydro power  

SciTech Connect

Papua New Guinea is one of the world's last reserves of untapped hydro power, but the needs of the country's isolated utility systems are comparatively small. The government has recently unveiled a study, based on an 8% annual growth rate, which defines the opportunities for hydro development in the next decade. The Electricity Commission of Papua New Guinea is carrying out a province-by-province survey of potential for comparatively low-cost small-scale hydro deveopment, which can form the basis of provincial electrification in areas that cannot be reached by network distribution lines from the Ramu Valley or Port Mores by hydro grids. Funding for these projects has already been approved. The program for the ten-year power development plan 1978 to 1987 incudes the Port Moresby and Ramu service areas, East New Britain, Wewak and Kavieng, and other provinces. The big projects included in the program are all hydro schemes: Upper Warangoi No. 1 and 2, Rouna 4, Daugel, and Angabunga. Specifically, the Port Moresby System, the Ramu Service Area, and Rabaul/Kerevat/Warangoi System are discussed. (MCW)

Scott, W.E.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Coordinated regulation of wind power and hydro power with separate ownership; samverkan mellan vindkraft och vattenkraft med olika gare.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? bad format, retyped Both wind power and hydro power must be built in immediate proximity to the source. Almost all hydro power is concentrated (more)

Jderstrm, Anna

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

City of Hart Hydro, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hart Hydro, Michigan (Utility Company) Hart Hydro, Michigan (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Hart Hydro Place Michigan Utility Id 8205 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Regular Commercial Service Commercial Residential Service Residential Three-Phase Commercial Service Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.0945/kWh Commercial: $0.0950/kWh Industrial: $0.0829/kWh

208

Bangor Hydro-Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Place Maine Service Territory Maine Website www.bhe.com/ Green Button Landing Page secure.bhe.com/webPortal/ Green Button Reference Page www.bhe.com/about-us/news Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 1179 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 9 (General Service Rate) Commercial Commercial space heating- Single meter Commercial

209

Portland Company to Receive $1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Portland Company to Receive 1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power Technologies Portland Company to Receive 1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power Technologies September 15, 2009 -...

210

Design of a Low Head Pico Hydro Turbine for Rural Electrification in Cameroon.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rural areas of Cameroon have limited to no availability of grid-supplied electricity, however many locations have significant hydro potential. Pico hydro (less than 5 kW (more)

Ho-Yan, Bryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Hydro Relicensing Forum: Relicensing Strategies: National Review Group Progress Report 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of its Hydro Relicensing Forum, EPRI convened a National Review Group (NRG) to improve the outcome of hydroelectric relicensing through a neutral dialogue between hydro operators, government agencies, tribes, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

2002-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

212

Operation of a steam hydro-gasifier in a fluidized bed reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the process, using a steam hydro-gasification reactor (simultaneously in the presence of both hydrogen and steam toundergo steam pyrolysis and hydro-gasification in a single

Park, Chan Seung; Norbeck, Joseph N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Impact of Codes, Regulations, and Standards on Split-Unitary Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps, 65,000 Btu/hr and Under  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document establishes a framework for understanding the technology and regulation of split-unitary air conditioners and heat pumps 65,000 Btu/hr and under. The reporting framework is structured so that it can be added to in the future. This study is broken into six chapters:The basic components, refrigeration cycle, operation, and efficiency ratings of split-unitary air conditioners and heat pumps are covered for background information.Equipment efficiency ...

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

214

System and process for the abatement of casting pollution, reclaiming resin bonded sand, and/or recovering a low Btu fuel from castings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Air is caused to flow through the resin bonded mold to aid combustion of the resin binder to form a low Btu gas fuel. Casting heat is recovered for use in a waste heat boiler or other heat abstraction equipment. Foundry air pollutis reduced, the burned portion of the molding sand is recovered for immediate reuse and savings in fuel and other energy is achieved. 5 figs.

Scheffer, K.D.

1984-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

System and process for the abatement of casting pollution, reclaiming resin bonded sand, and/or recovering a low BTU fuel from castings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Air is caused to flow through the resin bonded mold to aid combustion of the resin binder to form a low BTU gas fuel. Casting heat is recovered for use in a waste heat boiler or other heat abstraction equipment. Foundry air pollution is reduced, the burned portion of the molding sand is recovered for immediate reuse and savings in fuel and other energy is achieved.

Scheffer, Karl D. (121 Governor Dr., Scotia, NY 12302)

1984-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

216

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector fell from 21,098 trillion Btu (tBtu) in 2006 to 19,062 tBtu in 2010, a decline of almost 10 percent, ...

217

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Units & Calculators ... 2012. Energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector fell from 21,098 trillion Btu (tBtu) in 2006 to 19,062 tBtu in 2010, ...

218

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-387 Soule Hydro: Comments from Karen Brand  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Soule Hydro to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border.

219

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-387 Soule Hydro: Comments from Alaska Energy Authority  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Soule Hydro to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border.

220

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-387 Soule Hydro: Comments from Dept. of Agriculture  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Soule Hydro to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hydro-Pac Inc., A High Pressure Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydro-Pac Hydro-Pac Inc. A High Pressure Company * Founded in 1972 * Manufacturer of Hydraulically Driven Intensifiers * High Pressure Hydrogen Compressors Hydrogen Compressor Cost Reduction Topics * Standardize Configuration and Fueling Strategy * Simple Designs and Proven Technologies * Identify Economical Hydrogen Compatible Materials * Specify Well Ventilated Sites with Remote Controls Standardize Configuration and Fueling Strategy * Limit the number of compressors and stages * Narrow the range of supply and discharge pressures * Select a flow and standardize Simple Designs and Proven Technologies * Variable speed drives * Double ended intensifiers * Water cooled cylinders * Flexible operational envelopes * Stop and start under load . Material Research / Installation Requirements

222

Paper Number Development of a Hydro-Mechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a passenger car. The developed hydro-mechanical drive train enables independent control of the torque at eachPaper Number Development of a Hydro-Mechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Train with Independent Wheel for the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power at the University of Minnesota. The hydro-mechanical hybrid

Li, Perry Y.

223

Operation of a steam hydro-gasifier in a fluidized bed reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF A S T E A M HYDRO-GASIFIER IN A FLUIDIZED BED REACTOROF A S T E A M HYDRO-GASIFIER IN A FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR F Iis fed into a hydro-gasifier reactor. One such process was

Park, Chan Seung; Norbeck, Joseph N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Nonlinear predictive control to track deviated power of an identified NNARX model of a hydro plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the performance study of predictive control approach in application to hydro plant. The tracking on deviated power as reference signal for identified neural network nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous signal (NNARX) hydro plant ... Keywords: Deviated power, Hydro plant, Identification, Predictive control, Random load

Nand Kishor

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Pole-Zero Placement Technique Based Hydro Turbine Speed Governor Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to different structure of hydraulic systems combined with hydro-turbine for hydropower plant, the 5order nonlinear control model of hydro turbine speed governor system for hydraulic system which composed of reservoir-tunnel-surge-penstock-generator ... Keywords: Hydro turbine speed governor system, pole-zero placement, Nonlinear control, PID

Fan-Nie Kong; Xiao-Cong Li

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Guidelines for Hydro Turbine Fish Entrainment and Survival Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides peer- and agency-reviewed specific guidelines for planning, conducting, analyzing, and reporting results from hydro turbine fish entrainment and mortality studies. Experience to date suggests that using the Guidelines can reduce the time and cost of developing a fish study plan that is acceptable to the regulatory agencies.

1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

227

3D Hydro + Cascade model at RHIC and LHC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the 3D Hydro + UrQMD model which can explain hot and bulk QCD matter created at RHIC successfully, we show a prediction of one particle distributions and flow at LHC. Besides, we discuss the QCD critical point search in heavy ion collisions from point of view of quantitative analyses.

Nonaka, Chiho [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

228

Parallel, grid-adaptive approaches for relativistic hydro and magnetohydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relativistic hydro and magnetohydrodynamics provide continuum fluid descriptions for gas and plasma dynamics throughout the visible universe. We present an overview of state-of-the-art modeling in special relativistic regimes, targeting strong shock-dominated ... Keywords: AMR, Relativistic HD, Relativistic MHD, Shock-capturing schemes

R. Keppens; Z. Meliani; A. J. van Marle; P. Delmont; A. Vlasis; B. van der Holst

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy Joseph Flocco David Lath Department of Electrical. Hydropower Water has grown in previous years to become the most widely used form of renewable energy across years to come from Hydropower. It is considered to be a renewable energy source because it uses

Lavaei, Javad

230

Thesis A Numerical Model of Hydro-Thermo- Mechanical Coupling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 31 53-T Thesis A Numerical Model of Hydro-Thermo- Mechanical Coupling in a Fractured Rock Mass ECEIVED Los Alamos N A T I O N A L L A B O R A T O R Y Los Alamos National...

231

Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on February 13, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Quebec, Canada Applies to Utility Hydro-Quebec Name Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) Policy Type Net Metering Affected Technologies Geothermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector Utility Funding Source Hydro-Quebec Primary Website http://www.hydroquebec.com/self-generation/index.html Summary In line with Hydro-Québec's commitment to the environment and sustainable development, Hydro-Québec is supporting self-generation with a new rate offering: the net metering option. This option reflects a broad approach to

232

RELIABILITY PLANNING IN DISTRIBUTED ELECTRIC ENERGY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cogeneration Geothermal Hydro Wind Energy (10 12 Btu) (l09Geothermal Hydro Central Station Energy (1012 Btu ) kWh)hydro is represented by its turbine capacity and energy An

Kahn, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Comparison of coal-based systems: marketability of medium-Btu gas and SNG (substitute natural gas) for industrial applications. Final report, July 1979-March 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In assessing the marketability of synthetic fuel gases from coal, this report emphasizes the determination of the relative attractiveness of substitute natural gas (SNG) and medium-Btu gas (MBG) for serving market needs in eight industrial market areas. The crucial issue in predicting the marketability of coal-based synthetic gas is the future price level of competing conventional alternatives, particularly oil. Under a low oil-price scenario, the market outlook for synthetic gases is not promising, but higher oil prices would encourage coal gasification.

Olsen, D.L.; Trexel, C.A.; Teater, N.R.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

MHK Projects/Hydro Gen | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Gen Hydro Gen < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.5823,"lon":-4.60517,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

235

MHK Technologies/Hydro Helix | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Helix Helix < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Hydro Helix.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Hydrohelix Energies Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Marenergie Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Hydro-Helix horizontal axis turbines are stabilized by gravity and/or anchored depending on the nature of the site. They are pre-oriented to face the the tidal currents, and the profile of the rotor's blades can capture the flow and ebb tide. The rotor is activated at low speeds (10 to 15tr/mn) by the flow of the tide.

236

Hydro-kinetic approach to relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a combined hydro-kinetic approach which incorporates hydrodynamical expansion of the systems formed in \\textit{A}+\\textit{A} collisions and their dynamical decoupling described by escape probabilities. The method corresponds to a generalized relaxation time ($\\tau_{\\text{rel}}$) approximation for Boltzmann equation applied to inhomogeneous expanding systems; at small $\\tau_{\\text{rel}}$ it also allows one to catch the viscous effects in hadronic component - hadron-resonance gas. We demonstrate how the approximation of sudden freeze-out can be obtained within this dynamical picture of continuous emission and find that hypersurfaces, corresponding to sharp freeze-out limit, are momentum dependent. The pion $m_{T}$ spectra are computed in the developed hydro-kinetic model, and compared with those obtained from ideal hydrodynamics with the Cooper-Frye isothermal prescription. Our results indicate that there does not exist a universal freeze-out temperature for pions with different momenta, and support ...

Akkelin, S V; Karpenko, Iu A; Sinyukov, Yu M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Hydro-Quebec Smart Grid Host Site Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a progress update on the Hydro-Qubec (H-Q) Smart Grid Demonstration Project. This project is part of the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) multi-year Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative. The project focuses on volt and volt-ampere reactive (VAR) control (VVC), distribution automation (DA), advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), automatic fault location, wireless communication, and electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure.

2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

238

Distribution System Equipment Survey: Hydro-Quebec Smart Grid Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydro-Quebec, as part of its Smart Grid Demonstration, surveyed manufacturers of distribution system equipment and documented the products in the market place in 2012. The equipment covered includes recloser controls, voltage regulation controls, capacitor protection and control systems, and advanced metering systems. Noteworthy control features in relation to various utility applications of these intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) are covered in this report and pertain ...

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

239

MHK Technologies/The Davis Hydro Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Turbine Hydro Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage The Davis Hydro Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Blue Energy Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Blue Energy Ocean Turbine acts as a highly efficient underwater vertical axis windmill Four fixed hydrofoil blades of the turbine are connected to a rotor that drives an integrated gearbox and electrical generator assembly The turbine is mounted in a durable concrete marine caisson that anchors the unit to the ocean floor and the structure directs flow through the turbine further concentrating the resource supporting the coupler gearbox and generator above the rotor These sit above the surface of the water and are readily accessible for maintenance and repair The hydrofoil blades employ a hydrodynamic lift principal that causes the turbine foils to move proportionately faster than the speed of the surrounding water Computer optimized cross flow design ensures that the rotation of the turbine is unidirectional on both the ebb and flow of the tide

240

HydroVenturi Ltd previously RV Power Company Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroVenturi Ltd previously RV Power Company Ltd HydroVenturi Ltd previously RV Power Company Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name HydroVenturi Ltd (previously RV Power Company Ltd) Place London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip SW7 1NA Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Product String representation "Established tho ... ating stations." is too long. Website http://www.hydroventuri.com References HydroVenturi Ltd (previously RV Power Company Ltd)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. HydroVenturi Ltd (previously RV Power Company Ltd) is a company located in London, Greater London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "[ HydroVenturi Ltd (previously RV Power Company Ltd)]"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Andritz Hydro Inepar do Brasil S A AHI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Andritz Hydro Inepar do Brasil S A AHI Andritz Hydro Inepar do Brasil S A AHI Jump to: navigation, search Name Andritz Hydro Inepar do Brasil S/A (AHI) Place Barueri, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip 06454-040 Sector Hydro Product Brazilian subsidiary of Austrian Andritz Hydro company, hydro turbines manufacturer. Coordinates -23.504259°, -46.844619° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-23.504259,"lon":-46.844619,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

242

Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Program Info Funding Source Hydro-Quebec State Quebec Program Type Net Metering In line with Hydro-Québec's commitment to the environment and sustainable development, Hydro-Québec is supporting self-generation with a new rate offering: the net metering option. This option reflects a broad approach to energy efficiency. It is both environmentally friendly and advantageous for self-generators seeking to optimize their energy management. Net metering provides a way to act on convictions by using renewable energy and state-of-the-art technology to truly take control of consumption

243

Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://sgp.undp.org/download/S Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References Kenya Micro Hydro [1] Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Screenshot Background "This project sought to remove the policy, technical and institutional barriers that limited the development and use of renewable energy sources

244

Modeling hydro power plants in deregulated electricity markets : integration and application of EMCAS and VALORAGUA.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present details of integrating an agent-based model, Electricity Market Complex Adaptive System (EMCAS) with a hydro-thermal coordination model, VALORAGUA. EMCAS provides a framework for simulating deregulated markets with flexible regulatory structure along with bidding strategies for supply offers and demand bids. VALORAGUA provides longer-term operation plans by optimizing hydro and thermal power plant operation for the entire year. In addition, EMCAS uses the price forecasts and weekly hydro schedules from VALORAGUA to provide intra-week hydro plant optimization for hourly supply offers. The integrated model is then applied to the Iberian electricity market which includes about 111 thermal plants and 38 hydro power plants. We then analyze the impact of hydro plant supply offers on the market prices and ways to minimize the Gencospsila exposure to price risk.

Thimmapuram, P.; Veselka, T.; Koritarov, V.; Vilela, S.; Pereira, R.; Silva, R. (Decision and Information Sciences); (Rede Electrica Nacional, S.A.); (Energias de Portugal)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Hydro-Quebec Sustainable Development Action Plan 2009-2013 (Quebec...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

management and infrastructure projects are already imbued with a culture of sustainability. Nevertheless, as the action plan indicates, Hydro-Qubec plans to harmonize...

246

Small hydro : a tool for sustainable community development in rural Canada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An examination of the use of small hydro as a tool for sustainable community development, this dissertation combines research from the fields of community development, (more)

Breen, Sarah-Patricia, 1983-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The value of rolling horizon policies for risk-averse hydro-thermal ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 7, 2010 ... Abstract: We consider the optimal management of a hydro-thermal power system in the mid and long terms. From the optimization point of view,...

248

Norsk Hydro blir et fullverdig oljeselskap : en studie av kompetanse og politikk.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I denne hovedoppgaven har jeg tatt utgangspunktet i Norsk Hydros frste utbyggingsoppgave i Nordsjen, som selskapet fikk klarsignal for i 1984. Gjennom utbyggingen av Oseberg-feltet (more)

Holm, Ivar N.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

UTKAL : Norsk Hydros forsk p delta i bauksittutvinning og aluminaproduksjon i India 1993-2002.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I 1993 ble selskapet Utkal dannet i India av Norsk Hydro og to indiske partnere. Utkal skulle vurdere muligheten av aluminaproduksjon basert p store bauksittforekomster (more)

Lenes, Kjetil

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Hydro og Statoils overtagelse av Saga Petroleum : politisk styring eller forretningsmessig frihet ?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sammendrag Norsk Hydro og Statoils overtagelse av Saga Petroleum ble et vendepunkt for den gamle oljestrukturen p norsk sokkel. Siden 1972 hadde man hatt en (more)

Hsien, Toril

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

The Conscious Landscape: Reinterpreting and Reinhabiting the La Colle Falls Hydro Dam.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The ruins of the La Colle Falls Hydro Dam encompass two very distinct topographies: the physical landscape of the vast Canadian Northwest, and the complex (more)

Hurd, Jason John

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Flere bein st p : diversifiseringsforsk i Norsk Hydro 1985-1993.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Oppgaven handler om Norsk Hydros forsk p bringe selskapet inn i nye bransjer i perioden fra 1985 til 1993. Utgangspunktet for arbeidet var en (more)

Johansen, Eivind Lfblad

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Trbbel i paradis? : En casestudie av partssamarbeidets mte med nye styringsformer i Norsk Hydro.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I denne masteroppgaven diskuterer jeg hvordan og i hvilket omfang shareholder value som ideal for selskapsstyringen (Corporate Governance) har ftt innpass i Norsk Hydro. Shareholder (more)

Berge, yvind

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fra liten aktr til tungvekter : Norsk Hydro og spillet om norsk aluminiumsindustri p 1980-tallet.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Den 1. september 1986 fusjonerte Hydros aluminiumsdivisjon med rdal og Sunndal Verk, og dannet et stort norsk aluminiumselskap. Det var ikke bare i norsk mlestokk (more)

Srensen, Preben

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Application of Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing to Power Transmission Cables at BC Hydro  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes applications of distributed temperature sensing methods to underground and submarine cables at BC Hydro over a five-year period.

2002-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Evaluation of the Distortion of a Hydro Turbine Blade during Heat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Evaluation of the Distortion of a Hydro Turbine Blade during Heat Treatment Process. Author(s), Jinwu Kang. On-Site Speaker (Planned)...

257

Improve the Classification System in Hydro Alunorte Lines 4/5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Improve the Classification System in Hydro Alunorte Lines 4/5. Author(s), Cleto Maus de Azevedo Junior, Emerson Moraes, Joaquim Ribeiro...

258

Role of Pumped Storage Hydro Resources in Electricity Markets and System Operation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The most common form of utility- sized energy storage system is the pumped storage hydro system. Originally, these types of storage systems were economically viable simply because they displace more expensive generating units. However, over time, as those expensive units became more efficient and costs declined, pumped hydro storage units no longer have the operational edge. As a result, in the current electricity market environment, pumped storage hydro plants are struggling. To offset this phenomenon, certain market modifications should be addressed. This paper will introduce some of the challenges faced by pumped storage hydro plants in today's markets and purpose some solutions to those problems.

Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Botterud, A.; Milostan, C.; Krad, I.; Koritarov, V.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Pages that link to "HydroChina ZhongNan Engineering Corp" | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

500) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:WhatLinksHereHydroChinaZhongNanEngineeringCorp" Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer services...

260

Geek-Up[04.01.2011]: Charting Wind, Thermal, Hydro Generation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Public Affairs Check out Bonneville Power Administration's new near real-time energy monitoring - it displays the output of all wind, thermal and hydro generation in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Microsoft Word - SNOPUD_Youngs_Cr_Hydro_CX_+_Checklist.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18, 2010 18, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum James Hall Customer Service Engineer - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Interconnection of Snohomish County Public Utility District No.1 (SNOPUD) Young's Creek Hydro Small Generation Budget Information: WO# 00231295, Task 01 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors,

262

A new multidimensional AMR Hydro+Gravity Cosmological code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new cosmological multidimensional hydrodynamic and N-body code based on an Adaptive Mesh Refinement scheme is described and tested. The hydro part is based on modern high-resolution shock-capturing techniques, whereas N-body approach is based on the Particle Mesh method. The code has been specifically designed for cosmological applications. Tests including shocks, strong gradients, and gravity have been considered. A cosmological test based on Santa Barbara cluster is also presented. The usefulness of the code is discussed. In particular, this powerful tool is expected to be appropriate to describe the evolution of the hot gas component located inside asymmetric cosmological structures.

Vicent Quilis

2004-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

263

Pion correlations in hydro-inspired models with resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of the freeze-out hypersurface and resonance decays on the pion correlation functions in relativistic heavy-ion collisions are studied with help of the hydro-inspired models with single freeze-out. The heavy-ion Monte-Carlo generator THERMINATOR is used to generate hadronic events describing production of particles from a thermalized and expanding source. We find that the short-lived resonances increase the pionic HBT radii by about 1 fm. We also find that the pion HBT data from RHIC are fully compatible with the single freeze-out scenario provided a special choice of the freeze-out hypersurface is made.

W. Florkowski; W. Broniowski; A. Kisiel; J. Pluta

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

264

Fundamental economic issues in the development of small scale hydro  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some basic economic issues involved in the development of small-scale hydroelectric power are addressed. The discussion represents an economist's view of the investment process in this resource. Very little investment has been made in small-scale hydro development and an attempt is made to show that the reason for this may not be that the expected present worth of the returns of the project do not exceed the construction cost by a sufficient amount. Rather, a set of factors in combination impose costs on the project not normally incurred in small businesses. The discussion covers costs, supply, demand, and profitability.

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Decentralized-coordinated model predictive control for a hydro-power valley  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims at improving control systems for hydro-power production, by combining model predictive control techniques with decomposition-coordination methods for a global optimization over a whole hydro-power valley. It first recalls the model predictive ... Keywords: Case-study validation, Control optimization, Decomposition-coordination, Hydroelectricity, Model predictive control

J. ZRate FlRez, J. Martinez, G. BesanOn, D. Faille

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Research of Speed Ratio Matching Strategies of Hydro-Mechanical Continuously Variable Transmission System for Tractor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To realize the optimal power and best fuel economy performance of engine, the speed ratio matching strategies of tractor with hydro-mechanical continuously variable transmission (HMCVT) system are studied. The engine output torque model and fuel consumption ... Keywords: Tractor, Hydro-mechanical continuously variable transmission, Speed ratio, Matching strategies

Liyou Xu; Zhili Zhou; Fuyi Cao; Mingzhu Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Adaptive intelligent hydro turbine speed identification with water and random load disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the hydro power plant model (with penstock-wall elasticity and compressible water column effect) is simulated at random load disturbance variation with output as turbine speed for random gate position as input. The multilayer perceptron ... Keywords: Adaptive, Hydro power, Modeling, Neuro-fuzzy, Noise cancellation

Nand Kishor; S. P. Singh; A. S. Raghuvanshi

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Self-tuning PID control of hydro-turbine governor based on genetic neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A genetic neural networks (GNN) control strategy for hydroturbine governor is proposed in this paper. Considering the complex dynamic characteristic and uncertainty of the hydro-turbine governor model and taking the static and dynamic performance of ... Keywords: PID control, genetic algorithm, hydro-turbine governor, neural network

Aiwen Guo; Jiandong Yang

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A Case Study on Testing and Certification of Equipment for a Volt-VAR Control Application at Hydro-Qubec  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study shares the practical experience gained in the certification and testing of the various distribution devices that are part of Hydro-Qubecs voltage-var control project. The certification process at Hydro-Qubec is specifically addressed, which included testing and validation at the Hydro-Qubec Research Institute (the Institut de recherche dHydro-Qubec, or IREQ), field measurements from a pilot project, and experience related to ...

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

270

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-387 Soule Hydro: Comments from City of Saxman, Alaska  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Soule Hydro to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S.- Canada Border.

271

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-387 Soule Hydro: Notice of Intervention by Department of Agriculture  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Soule Hydro to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border.

272

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-387 Soule Hydro: Comments from Alaska State Legislature, Peggy Wilson  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Soule Hydro to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border.

273

Description and Software Implementation for British Columbia Hydros Application of EPRIs Dynamic Thermal Circuit Ratin g System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the functional changes needed to use the Electric Power Research Institutes (EPRIs) dynamic thermal circuit rating (DTCR) software to support a thermal model and real-time data input for thermally isolated (that is, single-phase) submarine alternating current power cables as part of a DTCR field test project for British Columbia (BC) Hydro. The report further describes some of the software implementation details and results of calculations based on field data provided by BC Hydro.

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

274

Hydro-Quebec Sustainable Development Action Plan 2009-2013 (Quebec, Canada)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydro-Quebec Sustainable Development Action Plan 2009-2013 (Quebec, Hydro-Quebec Sustainable Development Action Plan 2009-2013 (Quebec, Canada) Hydro-Quebec Sustainable Development Action Plan 2009-2013 (Quebec, Canada) < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Program Info Funding Source Hydro-Quebec State Quebec Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals To meet the requirements set out in the Québec government's Sustainable Development Strategy and strategy to ensure the occupancy and vitality of territories, Hydro-Québec has established a Sustainable Development Action Plan for the 2013-2016 period. Published in March 2013, this second action plan ensures the continuation of the efforts initiated by the first plan, which covered the 2009-2013 period. The plan outlines 10 major

275

Hydro-kinetic approach to relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a combined hydro-kinetic approach which incorporates a hydrodynamical expansion of the systems formed in \\textit{A}+\\textit{A} collisions and their dynamical decoupling described by escape probabilities. The method corresponds to a generalized relaxation time ($\\tau_{\\text{rel}}$) approximation for the Boltzmann equation applied to inhomogeneous expanding systems; at small $\\tau_{\\text{rel}}$ it also allows one to catch the viscous effects in hadronic component - hadron-resonance gas. We demonstrate how the approximation of sudden freeze-out can be obtained within this dynamical picture of continuous emission and find that hypersurfaces, corresponding to a sharp freeze-out limit, are momentum dependent. The pion $m_{T}$ spectra are computed in the developed hydro-kinetic model, and compared with those obtained from ideal hydrodynamics with the Cooper-Frye isothermal prescription. Our results indicate that there does not exist a universal freeze-out temperature for pions with different momenta, and support an earlier decoupling of higher $p_{T}$ particles. By performing numerical simulations for various initial conditions and equations of state we identify several characteristic features of the bulk QCD matter evolution preferred in view of the current analysis of heavy ion collisions at RHIC energies.

S. V. Akkelin; Y. Hama; Iu. A. Karpenko; Yu. M. Sinyukov

2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

276

Figure trillion cubic feet - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

September 2013 4 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Monthly 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50

277

SLCA/IP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5/2013 9:06 5/2013 9:06 SLCA/IP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation less losses (kWh) Less Proj. Use (kWh) Net Generation (kWh) SHP Deliveries (kWh) Firming Purchases (kWh) Generation above SHP Level (kWH) 2013-Oct 232,469,911 13,095,926 219,373,985 398,608,181 192,676,761 - 2013-Nov 211,770,451 2,989,074 208,781,376 408,041,232 214,204,345 - 2013-Dec 252,579,425 3,106,608 249,472,817 455,561,848 221,545,708 - 2014-Jan 337,006,077 3,105,116 333,900,962 463,462,717 139,278,887 -

278

L'utilisation des hydro-jecteurs au CERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Les jecteurs buse variable sont destins remplacer les vannes trois voies conventionnelles et les pompes secondaires de circulation dans les installations de chauffage eau chaude et de conditionnement d'air. Ces jecteurs liquide - liquide utilisent l'nergie d'un fluide primaire pour maintenir le dbit d'un fluide secondaire grce un saut de pression. L'utilisation de ces jecteurs permet notamment de rduire les co ts d'investissement, de consommation nergtique et aussi de maintenance. Cette technique qui a fait ses preuves depuis plus de 20 ans, est abondamment utilise en Allemagne, Italie et Belgique (50 000 boucles) et peu dans d'autres pays comme la France (500 boucles). Au CERN, aucune application d'hydro-jecteur de ce type n'a encore t mise en oeuvre ce jour. Ce document prsente cette technique en dtail avec ses avantages, ses inconvnients et ses possibles applications.

Deleval, S

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A new method for stochastic production simulation in generation system with multiple hydro units  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new method of calculating loss of load probability, expected energy generation and production cost for units in a generating system with multiple hydro units. The method uses the equivalent load duration curve (ELDC) obtained by convolving the distributions of the original load and the forced outage power loss of all generators. Hydro units are scheduled on the ELDC according to their assigned energy and available capacity. Then the deconvolution procedure is performed to obtain a load duration curve for an equivalent system without hydro units. The expected energy of the thermal units is achieved by convolving the generating units in an economic merit order of loading.

Chen, S.J.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Automated on-line determination of PPB levels of sodium and potassium in low-Btu coal gas and fluidized bed combustor exhaust by atomic emission spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

The Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC), US Department of Energy, is involved in the development of processes and equipment for production of low-Btu gas from coal and for fluidized bed combustion of coal. The ultimate objective is large scale production of electricity using high temperature gas turbines. Such turbines, however, are susceptible to accelerated corrosion and self-destruction when relatively low concentrations of sodium and potassium are present in the driving gas streams. Knowledge and control of the concentrations of those elements, at part per billion levels, are critical to the success of both the gas cleanup procedures that are being investigated and the overall energy conversion processes. This presentation describes instrumentation and procedures developed at the Ames Laboratory for application to the problems outlined above and results that have been obtained so far at METC. The first Ames instruments, which feature an automated, dual channel flame atomic emission spectrometer, perform the sodium and potassium determinations simultaneously, repetitively, and automatically every two to three minutes by atomizing and exciting a fraction of the subject gas sample stream in either an oxyhydrogen flame or a nitrous oxide-acetylene flame. The analytical results are printed and can be transmitted simultaneously to a process control center.

Haas, W.J. Jr.; Eckels, D.E.; Kniseley, R.N.; Fassel, V.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

All Consumption Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2010 Consumption Summary Tables. Table C1. Energy Consumption Overview: Estimates by Energy Source and End-Use Sector, 2010 (Trillion Btu) ... Ranked by State, 2010

282

table2.3_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu....

283

c33.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Fuel Oil Expenditures Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Floorspace per Building (thousand square feet) Total (trillion Btu) Total (million gallons)...

284

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Table 5.14a Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year Residential Sector Commercial...

285

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Table 3.8a Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors (Trillion Btu) Residential Sector Commercial Sector a Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Liquefied...

286

Table 2.1f Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption, 1949-2011 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2.1f Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year: Primary Consumption 1: Fossil Fuels: Nuclear

287

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Transportation and Electric Power Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year Transportation Sector Electric Power Sector 1 Aviation...

288

U.S. States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ... Total Energy Consumption: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP: State: Trillion Btu:

289

Table 8.4b Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 8.4b Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Electric Power Sector, 1949-2011 (Subset of Table 8.4a; Trillion Btu)

290

All Consumption Tables - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table C1. Energy Consumption Overview: Estimates by Energy Source and End-Use Sector, 2009 (Trillion Btu) State Total Energy b Sources End-Use Sectors a

291

Table 37. Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 37. Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type and Fuel Type (trillion Btu) Light-Duty Consumption by Technology Type Conventional Vehicles 1/

292

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

293

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(trillion Btu) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (thousand Btusquare foot) Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

294

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

295

Fuel.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F23: Nuclear Energy Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2011 State Nuclear Electric Power Nuclear Fuel Consumption Prices Expenditures Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu...

296

Buildings and Energy in the 1980's  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected Byproduct Energy for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991 (Estimates in Trillion Btu) SIC Code a...

297

District of Columbia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2011, District of Columbia (Trillion Btu) ... Washington, DC 20585 About EIA Press Room Careers ...

298

Word Pro - S10  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of data from 1949 through 2013, see the "Web Page" cited above. Table 10.2b Renewable Energy Consumption: Industrial and Transportation Sectors (Trillion Btu) Industrial Sector...

299

Table 2.9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2.9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source, Selected Years, 1979-2003 (Trillion Btu) Energy Source and Year

300

Table 2.1c Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. - =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. 6 Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

U.S. States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State: Jet Fuel a: Consumption : Prices : Expenditures: Thousand Barrels: Trillion Btu: Dollars per Million Btu: Million Dollars: Alabama: 2,355: 13.4: 22.77: 304.0 ...

302

Buildings and Energy in the 1980's  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units) SIC Code a Industry Groups and Industry Total (trillion Btu) Residual Fuel Oil (1000 bbls) Distillate Fuel Oil b (1000 bbls) Natural Gas c...

303

Hammerfest Strom UK co owned by StatoilHydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hammerfest Strom UK co owned by StatoilHydro Hammerfest Strom UK co owned by StatoilHydro Jump to: navigation, search Name Hammerfest Strom UK co owned by StatoilHydro Address The Innovation Centre 1 Ainslie Road Hillington Business Park Place Glasgow Zip G52 4RU Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number +44 141 585 6447 Website http://www.hammerfeststrom.com Region United Kingdom LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Hammerfest Strom UK Tidal Stream Kvalsundet This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Hammerfest_Strom_UK_co_owned_by_StatoilHydro&oldid=678328"

304

Pacific Hydro Brazil formerly SES Solu es de Energias Sustent veis | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil formerly SES Solu es de Energias Sustent veis Brazil formerly SES Solu es de Energias Sustent veis Jump to: navigation, search Name Pacific Hydro Brazil (formerly SES - Soluções de Energias Sustentáveis) Place Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Zip 59064-460 Sector Wind energy Product 350MW wind farm project developer based in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. References Pacific Hydro Brazil (formerly SES - Soluções de Energias Sustentáveis)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Pacific Hydro Brazil (formerly SES - Soluções de Energias Sustentáveis) is a company located in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil . References ↑ "[ Pacific Hydro Brazil (formerly SES - Soluções de

305

The helical turbine: A new idea for low-head hydro  

SciTech Connect

Substantial potential exists at small hydro sites where heads are too low for conventional hydraulic turbines. A spiral-bladed turbine may offer a new alternative for tapping that potential in a cost-efficient manner.

Gorlov, A.M. [Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A test case for implementing feedback control in a micro hydro power plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Micro-hydro turbines generate power for small villages and industries in Afghanistan. They usually produce less than 100 kW of power. Currently the flow into the (more)

Suliman, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Parameter Identification of Vibration Loads of Hydro Generator Using Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Abstract Abstract Vibrating dynamic characteristics have been a major unknown in the modeling and mechanical analysis of large hydro generators. An identification algorithm for vibrating dynamic characterization by using artificial neural network ...

Lijuan Cao; Shouju Li; Zichang Shangguan

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Comportement thermo-hydro-mcanique de l'argile de Boom.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Le travail de thse a pour but d'tudier le comportement thermo-hydro-mcanique de l'argile de Boom, choisie comme matriau hte pour le stockage des dchets radioactifs (more)

L, Trung Tinh

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Evaluating Hydro Relicensing Alternatives: Impacts on Power and Nonpower Values of Water Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new EPRI methodology integrates techniques of cost-benefit and decision analysis to guide utilities in evaluating and ranking hydro relicensing alternatives. Use of this quantitative methodology in relicensing proposals is consistent with Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) requirements.

1990-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

310

Polymers with hydro-responsive topography identified using high throughput AFM of an acrylate microarray  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic force microscopy has been applied to an acrylate polymer microarray to achieve a full topographic characterisation. This process discovered a small number of hydro-responsive materials created from monomers with ...

Hook, Andrew L.

311

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes in Porous Media: Benchmarks and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The book comprises an assembly of benchmarks and examples for porous media mechanics collected over the last twenty years. Analysis of thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes is essential to many applications in environmental engineering, such ...

Olaf Kolditz; Uwe-Jens Grke; Hua Shao; Wenqing Wang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Evaluating hydro-climatic change signals from statistically and dynamically downscaled GCMs and hydrologic models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study analyzed potential hydro-climatic change in the Peace River basin in the Province of British Columbia, Canada, based on two structurally different approaches: i) statistically-downscaled Global Climate Models (GCMs) using the Bias ...

Rajesh R. Shrestha; Markus A. Schnorbus; Arelia T. Werner; Francis W. Zwiers

313

Operation of a steam hydro-gasifier in a fluidized bed reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GASIFIER IN A FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR Inventors: Joseph M .a steam hydro-gasification reactor (SHR) the carbonaceous0012] Fluidized bed reactors are well known and used in a

Park, Chan Seung; Norbeck, Joseph N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Lattice Boltzmann Models (LBM) for Two-phase Thermo-hydro-dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lattice Boltzmann Models (LBM) for Two-phase Thermo-hydro-dynamics Speaker(s): Prashant Jain Date: October 15, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) is...

315

Testing of Hydro-Quebec Cases with Dynamic Security Assessment Package  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transient stability contingencies provided by Hydro-Quebec (HQ) were evaluated by Siemens using two EPRI Dynamic Security Assessment (DSA) software components: Contingency Screening and Ranking and Time Domain Simulation. The main purpose of the HQ collaboration was to ascertain the performance of the EPRI on-line DSA system for the Hydro-Quebec network and test the contingency ranking methodology. During 1995 and 1996, comparing and matching transient stability modeling and ranking a list of HQ continge...

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

Methodology for Costing Ancillary Services from Hydro Resources: Case Study and Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previous EPRI report, "Methodology for Costing Ancillary Services From Hydro Resources" (1000642), established a methodology for determining the cost of ancillary services (A/S). This current report is the second in a series on maximizing the value of hydropower assets using optimization techniques. It is the first to draw conclusions based on applying the multiproduct hydro optimization tool, developed from the methodology in EPRI report 1000642.

2001-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

317

Carbon Emissions: Petroleum Refining Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Industry Petroleum Refining Industry Carbon Emissions in the Petroleum Refining Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 2911) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 79.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.5% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 16.5 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 6,263 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 28.9% Nonfuel Use of Energy Sources: 3,110 trillion Btu (49.7%) -- Naphthas and Other Oils: 1,328 trillion Btu -- Asphalt and Road Oil: 1,224 trillion Btu -- Lubricants: 416 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 12.75 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey", "Monthly Refinery Report" for 1994, and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998.

318

A Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Numerical Model For Hdr Geothermal Reservoir  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Numerical Model For Hdr Geothermal Reservoir Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Numerical Model For Hdr Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Numerical Model For Hdr Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A two-dimensional numerical model of coupled fluid flow, heat transfer and rock mechanics in naturally fractured rock is developed. The model is applicable to assessments of hot dry rock (HDR) geothermal reservoir characterisation experiments, and to the study of hydraulic stimulations and the heat extraction potential of HDR reservoirs. Modelling assumptions are based on the characteristics of the experimental HDR reservoir in the Carnmenellis granite in Cornwall, S. W. England. In

319

Portland Company to Receive $1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Portland Company to Receive $1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power Portland Company to Receive $1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power Technologies Portland Company to Receive $1.3 Million to Improve Hydro Power Technologies September 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - US Energy Secretary Steven Chu today awarded more than $1.3 million to Ocean Renewable Power Company in Portland, Maine to improve the efficiency, flexibility, and environmental performance of hydroelectric energy. The investment will further the nation's supply of domestic clean hydroelectricity through technological innovation and will advance research to maximize the nation's largest renewable energy source. "Hydropower is our largest source of renewable energy and it can play an even bigger role in the further. These investments will create jobs, cut

320

Abstract-Coal and hydro will be the main sources of electric energy in Chile for the near future, given that natural gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- Coal and hydro will be the main sources of electric energy in Chile for the near future and the environmental dilemma faced by the country, where both coal and hydro produce some kind of impact. The role

Rudnick, Hugh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Shutter for hydro-pneumatic current flow harnessing system  

SciTech Connect

A water gate for opening and closing a port on a hydrodynamic system for harnessing energy from a water level differential, the water gate is described comprising: a door hinged mounted within the port for rotation about a first horizontal axis; a window disposed in the door above the first horizontal axis; and a shutter mounted to the door for rotation about a second horizontal axis to open and close the window, whereby the shutter is operative under water pressure to rotate to an open position before the door is caused to rotate to an open position by the water pressure. A system for harnessing the energy of current flow or tidal motion of a water body, comprising: two hydro-pneumatic chambers each having an inlet part for the ingress of water into the chamber below the water surface and an outlet port for the egress of water out of the chamber below the water surface; a water gate disposed at each of the ports and movable between open and closed positions in response to a water level differential on opposite sides of the gate, each water gate comprising: a door hinged mounted within the port for rotation about a first horizontal axis at a vertical mid section of the port, each door having a window in an upper portion of the door,and a shutter mounted on the door for rotation about a second horizontal axis to open and close the window; a linkage between the inlet port water gate of each one of the chambers and the outlet port water gate of the other of the chambers such that an inlet and its linked outlet are either both opened or both closed simultaneously for alternately synchronized operation of the inlet and outlet water gates of each chamber; a channel connecting the chamber above the water surface and operative to permit air to move between the chambers in response to a change in water level in the chambers; and means for harnessing the energy of the air moving within the channel.

Gorlov, A.M.

1993-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

322

Hydropower Technology Roundup Report: Directions for Hydro Research and Development (TR-113584-V6)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2001 Hydro R&D Forum, held July 12-13, 2001 in Salt Lake City, Utah, provided a special opportunity for examining future prospects for EPRI's hydro-related research and development. EPRI was a key supporter of the Forum. This report is being produced as a special report within EPRI's Hydropower Technology Roundup Program series -- the sixth Tech Roundup report. It was developed based on the results of the Forum and, with the guidance of an advisory panel, has been tailored to the interests and needs ...

2002-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

323

Hydrogen Resource Assessment: Hydrogen Potential from Coal, Natural Gas, Nuclear, and Hydro Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper estimates the quantity of hydrogen that could be produced from coal, natural gas, nuclear, and hydro power by county in the United States. The study estimates that more than 72 million tonnes of hydrogen can be produced from coal, natural gas, nuclear, and hydro power per year in the country (considering only 30% of their total annual production). The United States consumed about 396 million tonnes of gasoline in 2007; therefore, the report suggests the amount of hydrogen from these sources could displace about 80% of this consumption.

Milbrandt, A.; Mann, M.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

A Hydro-mechanical Model and Analytical Solutions for Geomechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

We present a hydro-mechanical model for geological sequestration of carbon dioxide. The model considers the poroelastic effects by taking into account the coupling between the geomechanical response and the fluid flow in greater detail. The simplified hydro-mechanical model includes the geomechanical part that relies on the linear elasticity, while the fluid flow is based on the Darcys law. Two parts were coupled using the standard linear poroelasticity. Analytical solutions for pressure field were obtained for a typical geological sequestration scenario. The model predicts the temporal and spatial variation of pressure field and effects of permeability and elastic modulus of formation on the fluid pressure distribution.

Xu, Zhijie; Fang, Yilin; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Bonneville, Alain HR

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Lessons Learned in Hydro Relicensing (1984-1989): Trends, Costs, and Recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the years (1987-1989) immediately following Congress's enactment of the Electric Consumers Protection Act (ECPA), 16 of the 27 hydro projects relicensed are now producing less generation than before, and only two achieved minor gains in output. More creative relicensing proposals are needed to better allocate the water resources in ways that cost-effectively enhance both power and nonpower uses.

1991-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Comparison of Canadian and U.S. Hydro Operations and Maintenance Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase 1 of the Comparison of Canadian & American Hydro Operations & Maintenance Practices project indicates that hydroelectric plants in Canada have significantly lower operations and maintenance (O&M) costs than those in the United States. Phase 2, focused on a more in-depth investigation, will begin as soon as permission is granted by the respective plant owners.

1997-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

327

Flow Measurement at Hydro Facilities: Achieving Efficiency, Compliance, and Optimal Operation (TR-113584-V5)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many factors can affect the performance and profitability of hydro facilities. The basis of hydroelectric power production is founded on the quantity, availability, and effective use of water. The premise of this Hydropower Technology Roundup report is that an improvement in flow measurement techniques and applications will improve hydroelectric production.

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Policies to Promote Non-Hydro Renewable Energy in the United States and Selected Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article examines policies designed to encourage the development of non-hydro renewable energy in four countries - Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Japan - and compares the policies enacted in each of these countries to policies that were used in the United States between 1970 and 2003.

Fred Mayes

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Study on Matching Strategies and Simulation of Hydro-mechanical Continuously Variable Transmission System of Tractor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the engine output torque model and fuel consumption model are established based on engine test results. The engine rotary speed feature denotes the relationship between the engine rotary speed and the throttle opening when engine works ... Keywords: Tractor, Hydro-mechanical continuously variable transmission, Matching strategies, Simulation

Xu Liyou; Zhou Zhili; Cao Qingmei; Zhang Mingzhu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Table A36. Total Inputs of Energy for Heat, Power, and Electricity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,,,,,,,"Coal" ,,,,,,,,"Coal" " Part 1",,,,,,,,"(excluding" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)",,,,,"Distillate",,,"Coal Coke" ,,,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"and" ,,,"Net","Residual","and Diesel","Natural Gas",,"Breeze)",,"RSE" "SIC",,"Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel","(billion","LPG","(1000 Short","Other","Row" "Code(a)","End-Use Categories","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors",

331

" Electricity Generation by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1" 1" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ","Coke"," "," " " "," "," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(e)","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

332

Table A11. Total Inputs of Energy for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generatio  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1" 1" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,"Distillate",,,"Coal" ,,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding" ,,"Net","Residual","and Diesel",,,"Coal Coke",,"RSE" ,"Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","LPG","and Breeze)","Other(d)","Row" "End-Use Categories","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","(billion cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors" ,,,,,,,,,,, ,"Total United States"

333

Table A4. Total Inputs of Energy for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 " 1 " " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ","Coke"," "," " " "," "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(e)","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

334

Table A37. Total Inputs of Energy for Heat, Power, and Electricity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1",,,,,,,"Coal" 1",,,,,,,"Coal" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)",,,,,,,"(excluding" ,,,,"Distillate",,,"Coal Coke" ,,"Net",,"Fuel Oil",,,"and" ,,"Electricity(a)","Residual","and Diesel","Natural Gas",,"Breeze)",,"RSE" ,"Total","(million","Fuel Oil","Fuel","(billion","LPG","(1000 short","Other","Row" "End-Use Categories","(trillion Btu)","kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

335

The use of small scale hydroelectric power in South Africa, hydro and economic potential for rural electrification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Small hydro generation refers to generating capacity of less than 10 MW with the most common being Run-of-River. In South Africa, the level of rural (more)

Reddy, Devan.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

An integrated finite element and finite volume code to solve thermo-hydro-mechanical problems in porous media.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of the thesis is to provide a fully coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) tool, T2STR, which enables quantitative understanding and prediction of thermal as well (more)

Gosavi, Shekhar Vishwanath

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Hydro-mechanical behaviour of bentonite-based materials used for high-level radioactive waste disposal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study deals with the hydro-mechanical behaviour of compacted bentonite-based materials used as sealing materials in high-level radioactive waste repositories. The pure MX80 bentontie, mixtures (more)

Wang, Qiong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Implementation of a low-cost smart grid device to prevent brownouts in village micro-hydro systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Brownouts are a common problem in micro-hydro mini-grid systems due to the limited supply of power and the difficulty of restricting usage. The GridShare is (more)

Quetchenbach, Thomas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Greenland Freshwater Runoff. Part I: A Runoff Routing Model for Glaciated and Nonglaciated Landscapes (HydroFlow)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gridded linear-reservoir runoff routing model (HydroFlow) was developed to simulate the linkages between runoff production from land-based snowmelt and icemelt processes and the associated freshwater fluxes to downstream areas and surrounding ...

Glen E. Liston; Sebastian H. Mernild

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

MHK Projects/OpenHydro Alderney Channel Islands UK | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenHydro Alderney Channel Islands UK OpenHydro Alderney Channel Islands UK < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.7222,"lon":-2.21003,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Spectral Modeling of SNe Ia Near Maximum Light: Probing the Characteristics of Hydro Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed detailed NLTE spectral synthesis modeling of 2 types of 1-D hydro models: the very highly parameterized deflagration model W7, and two delayed detonation models. We find that overall both models do about equally well at fitting well observed SNe Ia near to maximum light. However, the Si II 6150 feature of W7 is systematically too fast, whereas for the delayed detonation models it is also somewhat too fast, but significantly better than that of W7. We find that a parameterized mixed model does the best job of reproducing the Si II 6150 line near maximum light and we study the differences in the models that lead to better fits to normal SNe Ia. We discuss what is required of a hydro model to fit the spectra of observed SNe Ia near maximum light.

E. Baron; S. Bongard; David Branch; Peter H. Hauschildt

2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

342

The OSU Hydro-Mechanical Fuel Test Facility: Standard Fuel Element Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oregon State University (OSU) and the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) are currently collaborating on a test program which entails hydro-mechanical testing of a generic plate type fuel element, or standard fuel element (SFE), for the purpose of qualitatively demonstrating mechanical integrity of uranium-molybdenum monolithic plates as compared to that of uranium aluminum dispersion, and aluminum fuel plates due to hydraulic forces. This test program supports ongoing work conducted for/by the fuel development program and will take place at OSU in the Hydro-Mechanical Fuel Test Facility (HMFTF). Discussion of a preliminary test matrix, SFE design, measurement and instrumentation techniques, and facility description are detailed in this paper.

Wade R. Marcum; Brian G. Woods; Ann Marie Phillips; Richard G. Ambrosek; James D. Wiest; Daniel M. Wachs

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Buda-Lund hydro model and the elliptic flow at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ellipsoidally symmetric Buda-Lund hydrodynamic model describes naturally the transverse momentum and the pseudorapidity dependence of the elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 130$ and 200 GeV. The result confirms the indication of quark deconfinement in Au+Au collisions at RHIC, obtained from Buda-Lund hydro model fits to combined spectra and HBT radii of BRAHMS, PHOBOS, PHENIX and STAR.

M. Csanad; T. Csorgo; B. Lorstad

2004-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

Fault-Location Application for Improving Distribution System Maintenance: Hydro-Quebec's Experiences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydro-Qubec has been conducting research since 2001 in the area of distribution line predictive maintenance based on the use of power quality measurements and the localization of non-permanent faults. This concept, which forms the basis of the development of an intelligent electrical line maintenance application known as MILE (French for "Maintenance Intelligente de Lignes lectriques"), originates from a generally held idea whereby the precursor signs of distribution system equipment failure can be detec...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

Hydro-Quebec Smart Grid Demonstration Host-Site Project Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the Hydro Qubec Smart Grid Demonstration Host-Site Project as part of the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) five-year smart grid demonstration initiative. The EPRI initiative includes core smart grid research and several large-scale smart grid projects with 21 funding utility members. The project is focused on integrating large-scale distributed energy resources (DER), including demand response, storage, distributed generation, and distributed renewable generation, into a...

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

346

MHK Technologies/The Ocean Hydro Electricity Generator Plant | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHK Technologies/The Ocean Hydro Electricity Generator Plant MHK Technologies/The Ocean Hydro Electricity Generator Plant < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage The Ocean Hydro Electricity Generator Plant.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Free Flow 69 Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The O H E G plant is a revolutionary concept using tidal energy designed by FreeFlow 69 The plant uses tidal energy to create electricity 24 hours a day making this a unique project 24 hour power is produced by using both the kinetic energy in tidal flow and the potential energy created by tidal height changes The O H E G plant is completely independent of the wind farm however it does make an ideal foundation for offshore wind turbines combining both tidal energy and wind energy The O H E G plant is not detrimental to the surrounding environment or ecosystem and due to its offshore location it will not be visually offensive

347

Stochastic Lagrangian relaxation applied to power scheduling in a hydro-thermal system under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A dynamic (multi-stage) stochastic programming model for the weekly cost-optimal generation of electric power in a hydro-thermal generation system under uncertain load is developed. The model involves a large number of mixed-integer (stochastic) decision variables and constraints linking time periods and operating power units. Astochastic Lagrangian relaxation scheme is designed by assigning (stochastic) multipliers to all constraints coupling power units. It is assumed that the stochastic load process is given (or approximated) by a nite number of realizations (scenarios) in scenario tree form. Solving the dual by a bundle subgradient method leads to a successive decomposition into stochastic single (thermal or hydro) unit subproblems. The stochastic thermal and hydro subproblems are solved by astochastic dynamic programming technique and by a speci c descent algorithm, respectively. A Lagrangian heuristics that provides approximate solutions for the rst stage (primal) decisions starting from the optimal (stochastic) multipliers is developed. Numerical results are presented for realistic data from a German power utility andfornumbers of scenarios ranging from 5 to 100 and a time horizon from 7 to 9 days. The sizes of the corresponding optimization problems go up to 200.000 binary and 350.000 continuous variables, and more than 500.000 constraints.

M. P. Nowak; W. Rmisch

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Boundary Conditions of the Hydro-Cascade Model and Relativistic Kinetic Equations for Finite Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of the coupled relativistic kinetic equations for two domains separated by a hypersurface having both space- and time-like parts is presented. Integrating the derived set of transport equations, we obtain the correct system of the hydro+cascade equations to model the relativistic nuclear collision process. Remarkably, the conservation laws on the boundary between domains conserve separately both the incoming and outgoing components of energy, momentum and baryonic charge. Thus, the relativistic kinetic theory generates twice the number of conservation laws compared to traditional hydrodynamics. Our analysis shows that these boundary conditions between domains, the three flux discontinuity, can be satisfied only by a special superposition of two cut-off distribution functions for the ``out'' domain. All these results are applied to the case of the phase transition between quark gluon plasma and hadronic matter. The possible consequences for an improved hydro+cascade description of the relativistic nuclear collisions are discussed. The unique properties of the three flux discontinuity and their effect on the space-time evolution of the transverse expansion are also analyzed. The possible modifications of both transversal radii from pion correlations generated by a correct hydro+cascade approach are discussed.

K. A. Bugaev

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

349

Witnessing the construction/commissioning of a small hydro plant as the bank's engineer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many small hydro sites today are constructed as water-to-wire packages with equipment installation {und and} engineering provided by the equipment vendor. In many cases; the client has no immediate knowledge of the design/engineering associated with a hydropower facility; and is enticed by the equipment vendor to believe that the involvement of outside engineering firms is an unnecessary extra cost. Fortunately, most clients employ an outside engineering firm to confirm that the equipment the vendor is furnishing does comply with the client's equipment specifications and will function properly at this specific site. The author discusses how most banks which provide the financing for a hydro project currently hire their own hydro engineering firm to separately review the final equipment specifications, the site construction progress and the quality of construction at site. This separate review is to ensure the bank that the unit has been constructed properly and will be commissioned on time, notify the bank in a very timely manner that there are construction problems/commissioning delays, and confirm that the unit will produce its guaranteed kW output.

Clemen, D.M. (Harza Engineering Co., Chicago, IL (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Carbon Emissions: Chemicals Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Chemicals Industry Chemicals Industry Carbon Emissions in the Chemicals Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 28) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 78.3 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.1% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 12.0 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 5,328 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 24.6% Energy Sources Used As Feedstocks: 2,297 trillion Btu -- LPG: 1,365 trillion Btu -- Natural Gas: 674 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 14.70 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 78.3 Natural Gas 32.1

351

A new opportunity for hydro: Using air turbines for generating electricity  

SciTech Connect

A concept that uses hydropower to compress air could increase the number of locations where hydro is economically and environmentally feasible. The idea is being tested in a demonstration project in the northeastern U.S. The hydroelectric industry could experience substantial growth in low-head hydro facilities if a concept now being developed proves successful. This concept aims to enable power developers to generate electricity economically at sites currently not feasible for hydropower because water heads are too low. Many areas of North America are studded with low-head dams that could provide considerable hydro capacity if low-head generation were economically feasible. The six New England states in the US, for example, contain approximately 15,000 dams that have never been used to generate electric power because they impound water with heads ranging from 3 to 13 feet. Conventional facilities are not economically practical for generating electricity at these low heads. However, a promising alternative approach is to use water at these low-head dams to compress air, and then to use the air to power an air turbine-generator that produces electricity. The concept, called hydropneumatic generation, can be visualized by imagining a container, such as a large teacup, inverted and submerged in tidal waters. As the tide rises, the water compresses the air trapped inside the container. When the tide ebbs, the pressure decreases, putting the air into a partial vacuum. If a vent pipe were installed from the container to the atmosphere, air would flow out of the container as the water depth increased, and flow back in as the water depth decreased. Hydropneumatic energy is generated by installing an air-powered turbine to harness the energy of this airflow through the vent pipe. The turbine can be installed to rotate in the same direction at all times, even though the airflow reverses direction.

Gorlov, A.M. (Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Large Kaplan Hydro Turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

BioIndex testing of hydro-turbines is sought as an analog to the hydraulic index testing conducted on hydro-turbines to optimize their power production efficiency. In BioIndex testing the goal is to identify those operations within the range identified by Index testing where the survival of fish passing through the turbine is maximized. BioIndex testing includes the immediate tailrace region as well as the turbine environment between a turbine's intake trashracks and the exit of its draft tube. The US Army Corps of Engineers and the Department of Energy have been evaluating a variety of means, such as numerical and physical turbine models, to investigate the quality of flow through a hydro-turbine and other aspects of the turbine environment that determine its safety for fish. The goal is to use these tools to develop hypotheses identifying turbine operations and predictions of their biological performance that can be tested at prototype scales. Acceptance of hypotheses would be the means for validation of new operating rules for the turbine tested that would be in place when fish were passing through the turbines. The overall goal of this project is to evaluate the performance of numerical blade strike models as a tool to aid development of testable hypotheses for bioIndexing. Evaluation of the performance of numerical blade strike models is accomplished by comparing predictions of fish mortality resulting from strike by turbine runner blades with observations made using live test fish at mainstem Columbia River Dams and with other predictions of blade strike made using observations of beads passing through a 1:25 scale physical turbine model.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Ploskey, Gene R.; Richmond, Marshall C.

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

353

TVA Low Impact Hydro Feasibility Study: Phase 1 Technology and Site Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)'s interest in further developing its green marketing program, it partnered with EPRI for guidance in a new study of TVA's hydropower resources. As a result of an EPRI solicitation of bids for TVA's "Low Impact Hydro Feasibility Study," Verdant Power, in its primary role as a systems integrator and site developer, was chosen to conduct the project. TVA's initial interest was to have surveyed 24 impoundment sites and several non-impoundment locations with...

2002-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

The centrality dependence of v2/epsilon: the ideal hydro limit and eta/s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large elliptic flow observed at RHIC is considered to be evidence for almost perfect liquid behavior of the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma produced in the collisions. In these proceedings we present a two parameter fit for the centrality dependence of the elliptic flow scaled by the spatial eccentricity. We show by comparing to viscous hydrodynamical calculations that these two parameters are in good approximation proportional to the shear viscosity over entropy ratio and the ideal hydro limit of the ratio v2/epsilon.

H. Masui; J-Y. Ollitrault; R. Snellings; A. Tang

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

Impact on Grain Quality Parameters when Nitrogen Is `Sensor Applied' by the `Hydro Precise System'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yield and grain quality maps have been produced at full-scale field trials within a 10.5 ha field for four different nitrogen strategies. Grain samples have been collected directly from the grain flow of a combine harvester and analysed for quality in the laboratory and merged with the yield meter registrations. Within the field great variance was observed in yield and grain quality. This paper evaluates the impact on yield and grain quality -- protein when nitrogen is sensor applied by the Hydro-Precise N-Sensor system. The results are discussed in terms of a potential new precision nitrogen application strategy for Danish winter wheat

R.N. Jrgensen; R. N. Jrgensen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The centrality dependence of v2/epsilon: the ideal hydro limit and eta/s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large elliptic flow observed at RHIC is considered to be evidence for almost perfect liquid behavior of the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma produced in the collisions. In these proceedings we present a two parameter fit for the centrality dependence of the elliptic flow scaled by the spatial eccentricity. We show by comparing to viscous hydrodynamical calculations that these two parameters are in good approximation proportional to the shear viscosity over entropy ratio and the ideal hydro limit of the ratio v2/epsilon.

Masui, H; Snellings, R; Tang, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

An Optimization-Based Algorithm for Scheduling Hydrothermal Power Systems with Cascaded Reservoirs and Discrete Hydro Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An optimization-based algorithm is presented for the short-term scheduling of hydrothermal power systems using the Lagrangian relaxation technique. This paper concentrates on the solution methodology for hydro subproblems with cascaded reservoirs and discrete hydro constraints. Continuous reservoir dynamics and constraints, discontinuous operating regions, discrete operating states, and hydraulic coupling of cascaded reservoirs are considered in an integrated fashion. The key idea is to substitute out the reservoir dynamics and to relax the reservoir level constraints by using another set of multipliers, making a hydro subproblem unit-wise and stage-wise decomposable. The optimal generation level for each operating state at each hour can be obtained simply by minimizing a single variable function. Dynamic programming is then applied to optimize the operating states across the planning horizon with a small number of well-structured transitions. A modified subgradient algorithm is used...

Xiaohong Guan; Ernan Ni; Renhou Li; Peter B. Luh

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Word Pro - S10  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 10.2a Renewable Energy Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors (Trillion Btu) Residential Sector Commercial Sector a Geo- thermal b Solar/ PV c Biomass Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal b Solar/ PV f Wind g Biomass Total Wood d Wood d Waste h Fuel Ethanol i Total 1950 Total .................... NA NA 1,006 1,006 NA NA NA NA 19 NA NA 19 19 1955 Total .................... NA NA 775 775 NA NA NA NA 15 NA NA 15 15 1960 Total .................... NA NA 627 627 NA NA NA NA 12 NA NA 12 12 1965 Total .................... NA NA 468 468 NA NA NA NA 9 NA NA 9 9 1970 Total

359

Word Pro - S10  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 10.2c Renewable Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector (Trillion Btu) Hydro- electric Power a Geo- thermal b Solar/PV c Wind d Biomass Total Wood e Waste f Total 1950 Total .................... 1,346 NA NA NA 5 NA 5 1,351 1955 Total .................... 1,322 NA NA NA 3 NA 3 1,325 1960 Total .................... 1,569 (s) NA NA 2 NA 2 1,571 1965 Total .................... 2,026 2 NA NA 3 NA 3 2,031 1970 Total .................... 2,600 6 NA NA 1 2 4 2,609 1975 Total .................... 3,122 34 NA NA (s) 2 2 3,158 1980 Total .................... 2,867 53 NA NA 3 2 4 2,925 1985 Total .................... 2,937 97 (s) (s)

360

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Table 10.2b Renewable Energy Consumption: Industrial and Transportation Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year Industrial Sector 1 Transportation Sector Hydro- electric Power 2 Geo- thermal 3 Solar/PV 4 Wind 5 Biomass Total Biomass Wood 6 Waste 7 Fuel Ethanol 8 Losses and Co-products 9 Total Fuel Ethanol 10 Biodiesel Total 1949 76 NA NA NA 468 NA NA NA 468 544 NA NA NA 1950 69 NA NA NA 532 NA NA NA 532 602 NA NA NA 1955 38 NA NA NA 631 NA NA NA 631 669 NA NA NA 1960 39 NA NA NA 680 NA NA NA 680 719 NA NA NA 1965 33 NA NA NA 855 NA NA NA 855

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

An Integrated Approach for Optimal Coordination of Wind Power and Hydro Pumping Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increasing wind power penetration in power systems represents a techno-economic challenge for power producers and system operators. Due to the variability and uncertainty of wind power, system operators require new solutions in order to increase the controllability of wind farm output. On the other hand, producers that include wind farms in their portfolio need to find new ways to boost their profits in electricity markets. This can be done by optimizing the combination of wind farms and storage so as to make larger profits when selling power (trading) and reduce penalties from imbalances in the operation. The present work describes a new integrated approach for analyzing wind-storage solutions that make use of probabilistic forecasts and optimization techniques to aid decision-making on operating such systems. The approach includes a set of three complementary functions suitable for use in current systems. A reallife system is studied, comprising two wind farms and a large hydro station with pumping capacity. Economic profits and better operational features can be obtained from the proposed cooperation between the wind farms and storage. The revenues are function of the type of hydro storage used and the market characteristics and several options are compared in this study. The results show that the use of a storage device can lead to a significant increase in revenue, up to 11 % (2010 data, Iberian market). Also, the

Edgardo D. Castronuovo; Julio Usaola; Ricardo Bessa; Manuel Matos; I. C. Costa; L. Bremermann; Jesus Lugaro; George Kariniotakis; Sophia Antipolis France

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Power management in a hydro-thermal system under uncertainty by Lagrangian relaxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a dynamic multistage stochastic programming model for the cost-optimal generation of electric power in a hydro-thermal system under uncertainty in load, inflow to reservoirs and prices for fuel and delivery contracts. The stochastic load process is approximated by a scenario tree obtained by adapting a SARIMA model to historical data, using empirical means and variances of simulated scenarios to construct an initial tree, and reducing it by a scenario deletion procedure based on a suitable probability distance. Our model involves many mixed-integer variables and individual power unit constraints, but relatively few coupling constraints. Hence we employstochastic Lagrangian relaxation that assigns stochastic multipliers to the coupling constraints. Solving the Lagrangian dual by a proximal bundle method leads to successive decomposition into single thermal and hydro unit subproblems that are solved by dynamic programming and a specialized descent algorithm, respectively. The optimal stochastic multipliers are used in Lagrangian heuristics to construct approximately optimal first stage decisions. Numerical results are presented for realistic data from a German power utility, with a time horizon of one week and scenario numbers ranging from 5 to 100. The corresponding optimization problems have up to 200,000 binary and 350,000 continuous variables, and more than 500,000 constraints.

Nicole Grwe-Kuska; Krzysztof C. Kiwiel; Matthias P. Nowak; Werner Rmisch; Isabel Wegner

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

BETHE-Hydro: An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Multi-dimensional Hydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new hydrodynamics code for 1D and 2D astrophysical simulations, BETHE-hydro, that uses time-dependent, arbitrary, unstructured grids. The core of the hydrodynamics algorithm is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, in which the gradient and divergence operators are made compatible using the support-operator method. We present 1D and 2D gravity solvers that are finite differenced using the support-operator technique, and the resulting system of linear equations are solved using the tridiagonal method for 1D simulations and an iterative multigrid-preconditioned conjugate-gradient method for 2D simulations. Rotational terms are included for 2D calculations using cylindrical coordinates. We document an incompatibility between a subcell pressure algorithm to suppress hourglass motions and the subcell remapping algorithm and present a modified subcell pressure scheme that avoids this problem. Strengths of this code include a straightforward structure, enabling simple inclusion of additional physics packages, the ability to use a general equation of state, and most importantly, the ability to solve self-gravitating hydrodynamic flows on time-dependent, arbitrary grids. In what follows, we describe in detail the numerical techniques employed and, with a large suite of tests, demonstrate that BETHE-hydro finds accurate solutions with 2$^{nd}$-order convergence.

Jeremiah W. Murphy; Adam Burrows

2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

A numerical model of hydro-thermo-mechanical coupling in a fractured rock mass  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Coupled hydro-thermo-mechanical codes with the ability to model fractured materials are used for predicting groundwater flow behavior in fractured aquifers containing thermal sources. The potential applications of such a code include the analysis of groundwater behavior within a geothermal reservoir. The capability of modeling hydro-thermo systems with a dual porosity, fracture flow model has been previously developed in the finite element code, FEHM. FEHM has been modified to include stress coupling with the dual porosity feature. FEHM has been further developed to implicitly couple the dependence of fracture hydraulic conductivity on effective stress within two dimensional, saturated aquifers containing fracture systems. The cubic law for flow between parallel plates was used to model fracture permeability. The Bartin-Bandis relationship was used to determine the fracture aperture within the cubic law. The code used a Newton Raphson iteration to implicitly solve for six unknowns at each node. Results from a model of heat flow from a reservoir to the moving fluid in a single fracture compared well with analytic results. Results of a model showing the increase in fracture flow due to a single fracture opening under fluid pressure compared well with analytic results. A hot dry rock, geothermal reservoir was modeled with realistic time steps indicating that the modified FEHM code does successfully model coupled flow problems with no convergence problems.

Bower, K.M.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Conservation Laws for Coupled Hydro-mechanical Processes in Unsaturated Porous Media: Theory and Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop conservation laws for coupled hydro-mechanical processes in unsaturated porous media using three-phase continuum mixture theory. From the first law of thermodynamics, we identify energy-conjugate variables for constitutive modeling at macroscopic scale. Energy conjugate expressions identified relate a certain measure of effective stress to the deformation of the solid matrix, the degree of saturation to the matrix suction, the pressure in each constituent phase to the corresponding intrinsic volume change of this phase, and the seepage forces to the corresponding pressure gradients. We then develop strong and weak forms of boundary-value problems relevant for 3D finite element modeling of coupled hydro-mechanical processes in unsaturated porous media. The paper highlights a 3D numerical example illustrating the advances in the solution of large-scale coupled finite element systems, as well as the challenges in developing more predictive tools satisfying the basic conservation laws and the observed constitutive responses for unsaturated porous materials.

Borja, R I; White, J A

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

366

Hydro overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent progress in applying relativistic hydrodynamics to the modeling of heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC, with emphasis on anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations.

Jean-Yves Ollitrault; Fernando G. Gardim

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Hydro overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent progress in applying relativistic hydrodynamics to the modeling of heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC, with emphasis on anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations.

Ollitrault, Jean-Yves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Field Testing of Behavioral Barriers for Fish Exclusion at Cooling-Water Intake Systems, Ontario Hydro Pickering Nuclear Generating Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Depending on site-specific considerations, behavioral barriers such as sound and lights may be more effective, less expensive, and more environmentally suitable for excluding fish from power plant intakes than physical barriers. Specifically, field tests at Ontario Hydro's Pickering station on Lake Ontario indicated that behavioral barriers excluded alewife, an important prey species in the Great Lakes.

1989-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Prospects for Hydro in the UK: Between a ROC and a Hard Place? G.P. Harrison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospects for Hydro in the UK: Between a ROC and a Hard Place? G.P. Harrison University is on the supplier to acquire the necessary number of ROCs and periodically demonstrate their compliance at less than 7p/kWh (Garrad Hassan, 2001). Part of Mott MacDonald's work for the Renewables Advisory Board

Harrison, Gareth

370

On a solvability of hydro-mechanical problem based on contact problem with visco-plastic friction in Bingham rheology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the solvability and numerical solution of contact problem with a local visco-plastic friction in the visco-plastic Bingham rheology. The model problem discussed represents a simple hydro-mechanical model of the global project on ... Keywords: Bingham rheology, Contact problems with friction, FEM, Geomechanics, Hydromechanics, Variational inequalities, Visco-plasticity

Ji? Nedoma; Lubo Tomek

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Development of a Water Runoff Model for Pakistan: A tool for Identifying and Assessing Micro-hydro Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hydrologic model for basins draining through Pakistan is developed with the specific intent of identifying micro-hydro sites and assessing their quality. The model outputs runoff which is used to estimate flow rate through each geographic cell. These ... Keywords: Power Infrastructure, Renewable, Sustainable Energy

Thomas M. Mosier; Kendra V. Sharp; David F. Hill

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Hydropower Technology Roundup Report: Hydropower Valuation: Appraising Hydro as a Provider of Energy, Ecocultural, and Socioeconomic Benefits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydro project owners and operators need improved methods for determining the total value that hydropower facilities deliver to the diverse communities they serve and affect. This Hydropower Technology Roundup report provides information about existing valuation methodologies and offers a new, comprehensive framework applicable to valuation activities.

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Table 3. Wet natural gas production and resources (trillion cubic ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2013 EIA/ARI unproved wet shale gas technically recoverable resources (TRR) 2012 USGS conventional unproved wet natural gas TRR, including reserve

374

Trillion Particle Simulation on Hopper Honored with Best Paper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reconnection is the mechanism behind the aurora borealis (a.k.a. northern lights) and solar flares, as well as fractures in Earth's protective magnetic field-fractures that...

375

Experimental program for the development of peat gasification. Process designs and cost estimates for the manufacture of 250 billion Btu/day SNG from peat by the PEATGAS Process. Interim report No. 8  

SciTech Connect

This report presents process designs for the manufacture of 250 billion Btu's per day of SNG by the PEATGAS Process from peats. The purpose is to provide a preliminary assessment of the process requirements and economics of converting peat to SNG by the PEATGAS Process and to provide information needed for the Department of Energy (DOE) to plan the scope of future peat gasification studies. In the process design now being presented, peat is dried to 35% moisture before feeding to the PEATGAS reactor. This is the basic difference between the Minnesota peat case discussed in the current report and that presented in the Interim Report No. 5. The current design has overall economic advantages over the previous design. In the PEATGAS Process, peat is gasified at 500 psig in a two-stage reactor consisting of an entrained-flow hydrogasifier followed by a fluidized-bed char gasifier using steam and oxygen. The gasifier operating conditions and performance are necessarily based on the gasification kinetic model developed for the PEATGAS reactor using the laboratory- and PDU-scale data as of March 1978 and April 1979, respectively. On the basis of the available data, this study concludes that, although peat is a low-bulk density and low heating value material requiring large solids handling costs, the conversion of peat to SNG appears competitive with other alternatives being considered for producing SNG because of its very favorable gasification characteristics (high methane formation tendency and high reactivity). As a direct result of the encouraging technical and economic results, DOE is planning to modify the HYGAS facility in order to begin a peat gasification pilot plant project.

Arora, J.L.; Tsaros, C.L.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Microsoft Word - hydroGEO Final Rpt draft_formatted2.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

65 65 HYDROGEOPHYSICS, INC.: HIGH RESOLUTION RESISTIVITY MONITORING OF A SURFACTANT FLOOD FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY Final Report for the Period of May 2006 to January 2007 Date Completed: March 2007 By: James B. Fink, Richard J. Wold, Dale F. Rucker, Marc T. Levitt and John B. Fleming, hydroGEOPHYSICS, Inc. Lyle A. Johnson, RMOTC Prepared for the United States Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Work performed under Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) CRADA 2006-070 This document may contain protected CRADA information produced under CRADA no. 2006-070 and is not to be further disclosed for a period of 5 years from the date it was produced except as expressly provided for in the CRADA i DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States

377

LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments: Role of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments: Role of LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments: Role of Remote SST Forcing Title LPB Hydro-Climate Variability as Simulated by GCM Experiments: Role of Remote SST Forcing Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Cherchi, A, Carril, AF, Zamboni, L, Menendez, C Journal Climate Dynamics Date Published 04/2012 Other Numbers ANL/MCS-P3016-0712 Abstract A set of AMIP-type experiments is computed and analyzed to study springtime hydro-climate variability in the region of La Plata Basin (LPB). In particular, an ensemble of nine experiments with same interannually varying SST, as boundary forcing, and different initial conditions is used to investigate the relative role of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic tropical oceans on modulating the local precipitation. The AMIP type ensemble results have been compared with a coupled model experiment (using the same atmospheric component). The comparison reveals that the model has a good performance in the simulation of precipitation over LPB and South America, with a slight overestimation of the seasonal mean and an underestimation of the variability. Nevertheless, an EOF analysis of South America precipitation shows that the model is able to realistically reproduce the dominant modes of variability in spring. Further, its principal component (PC1) when correlated with global SST and atmospheric fields identifies the pattern related to ENSO and the large-scale connections. Overall the teleconnection pattern in the tropical and Southern Pacific Ocean is well captured by the SST-forced ensemble, but it is absent or too weak in other oceanic areas. In the subtropical South Atlantic the correlation is more realistic in the coupled model experiment suggesting the importance of air-sea feedbacks for that region, even at lower than interannual timescales. When the composite analysis of SST and atmospheric fields is done only over the ensemble members having a PC1 in agreement with the observations, both in terms of sign and intensity, then the correspondence between model and data is much improved. The improvement relies on avoiding climate noise by averaging only over members that are statistically similar and it suggests a high level of uncertainty due to internal atmospheric variability. Some individual springs have been analyzed as well. In particular, 1982 represents a clean case with a clear wave train propagating from the central Pacific and merging with a secondary one from eastern tropical South Indian Ocean, and it corresponds to a strong El Nino. Another case, 2003, corresponds to a rainy spring for SESA but in this case the en-semble mean does not exhibit any teleconnection through the South Pacific and it is not able to reproduce the correct local precipitation pattern, suggesting that in this case regional effects are more important than remote forcing.

378

BC Hydro Industrial Sector: Marketing Sector Marketing Plan (Fiscal 2005/Fiscal 2006)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BC Hydro, the major electricity utility in the Province of British Columbia has been promoting industrial energy efficiency for more than 15 years. Recently it has launched a new Demand Side Management initiative with the objective of obtaining 2000 GWh of energy savings from its industrial Sector by 2010. The authors have just recently completed a marketing plan for obtaining this level of energy savings. The Plan indicates how Programs and Initiatives have been and are being developed to overcome the barriers of Awareness and Understanding, Strategic Importance, Return & Affordability, Internal Constraints, and Program Eligibility. The Paper and presentation will explain how different Program Components address specific barriers, customer sectors and end-uses.

Willis, P.; Wallace, K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Buda-Lund hydro model for ellipsoidally symmetric fireballs and the elliptic flow at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ellipsoidally symmetric extension of Buda-Lund hydrodynamic model is shown here to yield a natural description of the pseudorapidity dependence of the elliptic flow $v_2(\\eta)$, as determined recently by the PHOBOS experiment for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 130$ and 200 GeV. With the same set of parameters, the Buda-Lund model describes also the transverse momentum dependence of $v_2$ of identified particles at mid-rapidity. The results confirm the indication for quark deconfinement in Au+Au collisions at RHIC, obtained from a successful Buda-Lund hydro model fit to the single particle spectra and two-particle correlation data, as measured by the BRAHMS, PHOBOS, PHENIX and STAR collaborations.

M. Csanad; T. Csorgo; B. Lorstad

2003-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

380

Self-Scheduling of a Hydro Producer in a Pool-Based Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the self-scheduling of a hydro generating company in a pool-based electricity market. This company comprises several cascaded plants along a river basin. The objective is to maximize the profit of the company from selling energy in the day-ahead market. This paper proposes a 0/1 mixed-integer linear programming model to account, in every plant, for the nonlinear and nonconcave three-dimensional (3-D) relationship between the power produced, the water discharged, and the head of the associated reservoir. Additionally, start-up costs due mainly to the wear and tear are considered. Finally, different realistic case studies are analyzed in detail.

Antonio J. Conejo; Senior Member; Jos Manuel Arroyo; Javier Contreras; Francisco Apolinar Villamor

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Cost and design study of modular small hydro plants. Volume 3. Application manual. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application manual describes the methods and procedures used in conducting a prefeasibility study for a small hydro installation. The results from the study can then be used to decide whether to proceed with the project and initiate the preliminary engineering and licensing procedures. The manual addresses itself in particular to projects where it is proposed to use a pump-as-turbine (PAT) as the prime mover rather than a conventional turbine-generator. References are given which describe the details to be followed for a conventional unit. The limitations, possible layouts, and method of developing the cost estimates for siphon penstocks if they can be applied at the site are detailed. A guide procurement specification which may be used for the contract for the supply and installation of the turbine, generator, and auxiliary electrical equipment is included.

Pereira, L.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

BETHE-Hydro: An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Multi-dimensional Hydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new hydrodynamics code for 1D and 2D astrophysical simulations, BETHE-hydro, that uses time-dependent, arbitrary, unstructured grids. The core of the hydrodynamics algorithm is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, in which the gradient and divergence operators are made compatible using the support-operator method. We present 1D and 2D gravity solvers that are finite differenced using the support-operator technique, and the resulting system of linear equations are solved using the tridiagonal method for 1D simulations and an iterative multigrid-preconditioned conjugate-gradient method for 2D simulations. Rotational terms are included for 2D calculations using cylindrical coordinates. We document an incompatibility between a subcell pressure algorithm to suppress hourglass motions and the subcell remapping algorithm and present a modified subcell pressure scheme that avoids this problem. Strengths of this code include a straightforward structure, enabling simple inclusio...

Murphy, Jeremiah W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Army Energy Initiatives Task Force  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Army Energy Initiatives Task Force Kathy Ahsing Director, Planning and Development UNCLASSIFIED 2 Perfect Storm UNCLASSIFIED 3 U.S. Army Energy Consumption, 2010 23% 77% 42% 58%  Facilities  Vehicles & Equipment (Tactical and Non-tactical) Sources: Energy Information Agency, 2010 Annual Energy Review; Agency Annual Energy Management Data Reports submitted to DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (Preliminary FY 2010) 32% 68% DoD 80% Army 21% Federal Gov 1% Federal Government United States Department of Defense U.S. = 98,079 Trillion Btu DoD = 889 Trillion Btu Fed Gov = 1,108 Trillion Btu U.S. Army = 189 Trillion Btu FY10 Highlights - $2.5+B Operational Energy Costs - $1.2 B Facility Energy Costs

384

Buildings and Energy in the 1980's  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 (Estimates in Trillion Btu) End-Use Categories Net Demand for Electricity a Residual Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil and Diesel Fuel b Natural Gas c LPG Coal (excluding Coal Coke...

385

All Consumption Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 State Energy Data 2011: Consumption Table C11. Energy Consumption by Source, Ranked by State, 2011 Rank Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum b Retail Electricity Sales State Trillion Btu State Trillion Btu State Trillion Btu State Trillion Btu 1 Texas 1,695.2 Texas 3,756.9 Texas 5,934.3 Texas 1,283.1 2 Indiana 1,333.4 California 2,196.6 California 3,511.4 California 893.7 3 Ohio 1,222.6 Louisiana 1,502.9 Louisiana 1,925.7 Florida 768.0 4 Pennsylvania 1,213.0 New York 1,246.9 Florida 1,680.3 Ohio 528.0 5 Illinois 1,052.2 Florida 1,236.6 New York 1,304.0 Pennsylvania 507.6 6 Kentucky 1,010.6 Pennsylvania 998.6 Pennsylvania 1,255.6 New York 491.5

386

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year Hydroelectric Power 1 Geothermal 2 SolarPV 3 Wind 4 Biomass Total Wood 5 Waste 6 Total 1949 1,349 NA NA NA 6 NA 6...

387

Table 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

R=Revised. P=Preliminary. =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. 4 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived ...

388

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Review 2011 125 2 123 5 9 7 112 Feedstock Losses and Production Imports Exports Stock Consumption 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Trillion Btu Change Co-Products 2 2001 2002 2003...

389

Summary of Prinicpal Building Activities in Commercial Buildings  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Age (years) Average Hours Open per Week Total Energy Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Energy Expenditures (million dollars) All Commercial Buildings 30.5 62 5,321 69,618 Building...

390

Fuel.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7: Solar Energy Consumption Estimates, 2011 State Electric Power Residential a Commercial b Industrial b Electric Power Total Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu Alabama 0 0.2 0.0...

391

Table 8.3b Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 8.3b Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion Btu)

392

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 Federal Agency Progress Toward the Renewable Energy Goal (Trillion Btu) (1) Total Renewable Energy Usage DOD EPA (2) DOE GSA NASA DOI Others All Agencies Note(s): Source(s):...

393

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Sum of Tables 8.4b and 8.4c; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power 5 Renewable Energy Other 9 Electricity Net Imports 10...

394

Buildings and Energy in the 1980's  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 (Estimates in Trillion Btu) SIC Code a Industry Groups and Industry Total Electricity b Residual Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil c Natural Gas d LPG Coal Coke and Breeze Other e RSE...

395

Buildings and Energy in the 1980's  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 (Estimates in Trillion Btu) SIC Code a Industry Groups and Industry Total Net Electricity b Residual Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil c Natural Gas d LPG Coal Coke and Breeze Other e...

396

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185...

397

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Transportation Sector Energy Use by Mode and Type TEU000 (trillion Btu) ... TEU000:da_Rail Rail TEU000:da_Freight TEU000:da_Passenger Passenger ...

398

FEMP Year in Review 2003  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

identifying and implementing energy saving projects, the 2003 award winners have created energy cost savings of more than 62 million and 3.4 trillion Btu in one year. Our winners...

399

Table A10. Total Inputs of Energy for Heat, Power, and Electricity...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Breeze)","Other(e)","Row" "Code(a)","End-Use Categories","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","(billion cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 short...

400

" Level: National Data and Regional Totals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(million","Other(e)","Row" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","short...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Follow medical processes in the human body, study safe hydro-gen storage in complex metal structures for car design, follow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Follow medical processes in the human body, study safe hydro- gen storage in complex metal structures for car design, follow the phase transition of foodstuff to improve their taste, detect plastic

402

Evaluation of the Soil Model of the HydroThermodynamic SoilVegetation Scheme by Observations and a Theoretically Advanced Numerical Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The soil module of the HydroThermodynamic SoilVegetation Scheme is evaluated by soil temperature observations and independent theoretical numerical results. To gain the latter, a Galerkin weak finite-element (GWFE) scheme is implemented for ...

Balachandrudu Narapusetty; Nicole Mlders

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

New York Power Authority Identifies More than $ 1.75 Million in Savings Annually with RCM at Its Hydro Generating Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Member Quote"Working under the direction of the EPRI Solutions Team, NYPA's strategic goals of providing economical and reliable energy, are realized through an effort of applying the RCM process at our large hydro facilities."--Horace Horton, Regional Manager, Western New York, New York Power Authority In BriefThe New York Power Authority (NYPA) identified nearly $1.75 million in annual savings by applying reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) to the electrical equipment at its hydro generating station...

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

404

DOE/RMOTC/05.98001 Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box Field Test Field Test Project Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RMOTC/05.98001 RMOTC/05.98001 Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box Field Test Field Test Project Report Date Published: May 28, 1999 Leo A. Giangiacomo, P.E. Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center 907 N. Poplar, Suite 150 Casper, WY 82601 Distribution A. Approved for public release; Further dissemination unlimited. (Unclassified Unlimited) DOE/RMOTC/05.98001 Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box Field Test Test Project Report Test Project Report Test Project Report Test Project Report Date Published: May 28, 1999 Leo A. Giangiacomo, P.E. PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ROCKY MOUNTAIN OILFIELD TESTING CENTER 907 N. Poplar, Suite 150 Casper, WY 82601 Work Performed Under RMOTC ERIP Funding Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States

405

Microsoft PowerPoint - NERC Reliability Standards and Mandatory Compliance Presentation to Hydro-Power Conference - June 2007.p  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERC Reliability NERC Reliability NERC Reliability NERC Reliability Standards and Standards and Mandatory Compliance Mandatory Compliance Hydro Hydro - - Power Conference Power Conference June 13, 2007 June 13, 2007 Stan Mason Stan Mason 2 EPACT 2005 EPACT 2005 Congress approved the related legislation Congress approved the related legislation in August 2005 in August 2005 It required creation of an Electric It required creation of an Electric Reliability Organization (ERO) to be Reliability Organization (ERO) to be approved by the Federal Energy approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Regulatory Commission (FERC) It mandated Standards that would be It mandated Standards that would be approved by FERC with financial sanctions approved by FERC with financial sanctions

406

Testing the accuracy of the Hydro-PM approximation in numerical simulations of the Lyman-alpha forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We implement the hydro-PM (HPM) technique (Gnedin & Hui 1998) in the hydrodynamical simulation code GADGET-II and quantify the differences between this approximate method and full hydrodynamical simulations of the Lyman-alpha forest in a concordance LCDM model. At redshifts z=3 and z=4, the differences between the gas and dark matter (DM) distributions, as measured by the one-point distribution of density fluctuations, the density power spectrum and the flux power spectrum, systematically decrease with increasing resolution of the HPM simulqation. However, reducing these differences to less than a few percent requires a significantly larger number of grid-cells than particles, with a correspondingly larger demand for memory. Significant differences in the flux decrement distribution remain even for very high resolution hydro-PM simulations, particularly at low redshift. At z=2, the differences between the flux power spectra obtained from HPM simulations and full hydrodynamical simulations are generally la...

Viel, M; Springel, V; Viel, Matteo; Haehnelt, Martin G.; Springel, Volker

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Case Study on Anti-islanding Protectionof Distributed Generation Using Autoground: Hydro-Qubec Smart Grid Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study presents results of Hydro-Qubecs construction and testing of an anti-islanding approach, referred to as an autoground. The premise of the approach is to allow the distributed generation system time to detect the islanding situation. This is done using a passive approach up until the moment just prior to reclosing of the substation breaker, at which point the autoground momentarily short circuits the feeder, forcing any remaining distributed generation resources to ...

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

408

Plant Engineering: Performance Diagnostic Test Program for the Nuclear Turbine Cycle at Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Company  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, many power generating companies are challenged to reduce operating costs, and at the same time, the cost of unit unavailability can be significant in today's power markets. In the past decade, management of nuclear power plants, including Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power (KHNP), has been focused on reducing forced outage rates and nuclear-safety-related issues, with less attention paid to thermal performance. But recently, KHNP has been strongly challenged to increase unit thermal performance, as f...

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

409

3D-radiation hydro simulations of disk-planet interactions: I. Numerical algorithm and test cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the evolution of an embedded protoplanet in a circumstellar disk using the 3D-Radiation Hydro code TRAMP, and treat the thermodynamics of the gas properly in three dimensions. The primary interest of this work lies in the demonstration and testing of the numerical method. We show how far numerical parameters can influence the simulations of gap opening. We study a standard reference model under various numerical approximations. Then we compare the commonly used locally isothermal approximation to the radiation hydro simulation using an equation for the internal energy. Models with different treatments of the mass accretion process are compared. Often mass accumulates in the Roche lobe of the planet creating a hydrostatic atmosphere around the planet. The gravitational torques induced by the spiral pattern of the disk onto the planet are not strongly affected in the average magnitude, but the short time scale fluctuations are stronger in the radiation hydro models. An interesting result of this work lies in the analysis of the temperature structure around the planet. The most striking effect of treating the thermodynamics properly is the formation of a hot pressure--supported bubble around the planet with a pressure scale height of H/R ~ 0.5 rather than a thin Keplerian circumplanetary accretion disk. We also observe an outflow of gas above and below the planet during the gap opening phase.

H. Klahr; W. Kley

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

410

Quantifying mortal injury of juvenile Chinook salmon exposed to simulated hydro-turbine passage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proportion of juvenile Chinook salmon and other salmonids travel through one or more turbines during seaward migration in the Columbia and Snake River every year. Despite this understanding, limited information exists on how these fish respond to hydraulic pressures found during turbine passage events. In this study we exposed juvenile Chinook salmon to varied acclimation pressures and subsequent exposure pressures (nadir) to mimic the hydraulic pressures of large Kaplan turbines (ratio of pressure change). Additionally, we varied abiotic (total dissolved gas, rate of pressure change) and biotic (condition factor, fish length, fish weight) factors that may contribute to the incidence of mortal injury associated with fish passing through hydro-turbines. We determined that the main factor associated with mortal injury of juvenile Chinook salmon during simulated turbine passage was the ratio between acclimation and nadir pressures. Condition factor, total dissolved gas, and the rate of pressure change were found to only slightly increase the predictive power of equations relating probability of mortal injury to conditions of exposure or characteristics of test fish during simulated turbine passage. This research will assist engineers and fisheries managers in operating and improving hydroelectric facility efficiency while minimizing mortality and injury of turbine-passed juvenile Chinook salmon. The results are discussed in the context of turbine development and the necessity of understanding how different species of fish will respond to the hydraulic pressures of turbine passage.

Brown, Richard S.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Gingerich, Andrew J.; Stephenson, John R.; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Welch, Abigail E.; Langeslay, Mike; Ahmann, Martin L.; Johnson, Robert L.; Skalski, John R.; Seaburg, Adam; Townsend, Richard L.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hydro-gravitational fragmentation, diffusion and condensation of the primordial plasma, dark-matter and gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first structures were proto-voids formed in the primordial plasma. Viscous and weak turbulence forces balanced gravitational forces when the scale of causal connection at time 30,000 years matched the viscous and turbulent Schwarz scales of hydro-gravitational theory (Gibson 1996). The photon viscosity allows only weak turbulence from the Reynolds number Re = 200, with fragmentation to give proto-supercluster voids, buoyancy forces, fossil vorticity turbulence, and strong sonic damping. The expanding, cooling, plasma continued fragmentation to proto-galaxy-mass with the density and rate-of-strain preserved as fossils of the weak turbulence and first structure. Turbulence fossilization by self-gravitational buoyancy explains the cosmic microwave background temperature fluctuations, not sonic oscillations in cold-dark-matter fragments. After plasma to gas transition at 300,000 years, gas fragmentation occurred within the proto-galaxies to form proto-globular-star-cluster (PGCs) clouds of small-planetary-mass primordial-fog-particles (PFPs). Dark PGC clumps of frozen PFPs persist as the inner-galaxy-halo dark matter, supporting Schild's 1996 quasar-microlensing interpretation. Non-baryonic dark matter diffused into the plasma proto-cluster-voids and later fragmented as outer-galaxy-halos at diffusive Schwarz scales, indicating light, weakly-collisional fluid particles (possibly neutrinos). Observations support the theory (Gibson and Schild 2003).

Carl H. Gibson

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Interpretation of the Helix Planetary Nebula using Hydro-Gravitational Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wide angle Hubble Space Telescope (HST/ACS) images of the Helix Planetary Nebula (NGC 7293) are interpreted using the hydro-gravitational theory (HGT) of Gibson 1996-2000 that predicts the baryonic dark matter and interstellar medium (ISM) consists of Mars-mass primordial-fog-particle (PFP) frozen H-He planets. The new ACS images confirm and extend the O'Dell and Handron 1996 WFPC2 images showing thousands of cometary globules, which we suggest are cocoons of PFP and Jupiter frozen-gas-planets evaporated by powerful beamed radiation from the hot central white dwarf and its companion. The atmosphere mass of the largest cometary globules is ~ 3x10^{25} kg with spacing ~ 10^{14} m, supporting the prediction of HGT that the mass density of the ISM in Galaxy star forming regions should match the large baryonic primordial value at the time of first structure formation (10^{12} s or 30,000 years), with \\rho ~ (3-1)x 10^{-17} kg m^{-3}.

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2003-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

413

Interpretation of the Stephan Quintet Galaxy Cluster using Hydro-Gravitational Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stephan's Quintet (SQ) is a compact group of galaxies that has been well studied since its discovery in 1877 but is mysterious using cold dark matter hierarchical clustering cosmology (CDMHCC). Anomalous red shifts z = (0.0027,0.019, 0.022, 0.022, 0.022) among galaxies in SQ either; reduce it to a Trio with two highly improbable intruders from CDMHCC, or support the Arp (1973) hypothesis that its red shifts may be intrinsic. An alternative is provided by the Gibson 1996-2000 hydro-gravitational-theory (HGT) where superclusters, clusters and galaxies all originate by universe expansion and gravitational fragmentation in the super-viscous plasma epoch (after which the gas condenses as 10^{24} kg fog-particles in metastable 10^{36} kg dark-matter-clumps). By this fluid mechanical cosmology, the SQ galaxies gently separated recently and remain precisely along a line of sight because of perspective and the small transverse velocities permitted by their sticky, viscous-gravitational, beginnings. Star and gas bridges and young-globular-star-cluster (YGC) trails observed by the HST are triggered as SQ galaxies separate through each other's frozen baryonic-dark-matter halos of dark proto-globular-cluster (PGC) clumps of planetary-mass primordial-fog-particles (PFPs). Discordant red shifts (from CDMHCC) between angularly clustered quasars and bright galaxies are similarly explained by HGT.

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2003-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

414

Interpretation of the Stephan Quintet Galaxy Cluster using Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics: Viscosity and Fragmentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stephan's Quintet (SQ) is a compact group of galaxies that has been well studied since its discovery in 1877 but is mysterious using cold dark matter hierarchical clustering cosmology (CDMHCC). Anomalous red shifts $z = (0.0027,0.019, 0.022, 0.022, 0.022)$ among galaxies in SQ either reduce it to a Trio with two highly improbable intruders from CDMHCC or support the Arp (1973) hypothesis that its red shifts are intrinsic. An alternative is provided by the Gibson 1996-2006 hydro-gravitational-dynamics (HGD) theory where superclusters, clusters and galaxies all originate by gravitational fragmentation in the super-viscous plasma epoch and at planetary and star cluster mass scales in the primordial gas of the expanding universe. By this fluid-mechanical cosmology, the SQ galaxies gently separate and remain precisely along a line of sight because of perspective and the small transverse velocities permitted by their sticky viscous-gravitational beginnings. Star and gas bridges and young-globular-star-cluster (YGC) trails observed by the Hubble Space Telescope are triggered as SQ galaxies separate through viscous baryonic-dark-matter halos of dark proto-globular-cluster (PGC) clumps of frozen Earth-mass primordial-fog-particles (PFPs).

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2007-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

415

Interpretation of the Tadpole VV29 Merging Galaxy System using Hydro-Gravitational Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space Telescope (HST/ACS) images of the galaxy merger Tadpole are interpreted using the hydro-gravitational theory of Gibson 1996-2000 (HGT) that predicts galaxy masses within about 100 kpc are dominated by dark halos of planetary mass primordial-fog-particles (PFPs) in dark proto-globular-star-clusters (PGCs). According to our interpretation, stars and young-globular-clusters (YGCs) appear out of the dark as merging galaxy components VV29cdef move through the baryonic-dark-matter halo of the larger galaxy VV29a creating luminous star-wakes. Frozen PFP planets are evaporated by radiation and tidal forces of the intruders. Friction from the gas accelerates an accretional cascade of PFPs to form larger planets, stars and YGCs of the filamentary galaxy VV29b. Star-wakes show that galaxy VV29c, identified as a blue dwarf by radio telescope observations of gas density and velocity (Briggs et al. 2001), with companions VV29def entered the dark halo of the larger VV29a galaxy at a radius 130 kpc and then spiraled in on different tracks toward frictional capture by the VV29a core. A previously dark dwarf galaxy is identified from a Keck spectrographic study showing a VV29c star-wake dense cluster of YGCs aligned to 1 degree in a close straight row (Tran et al. 2003).

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2002-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

416

Water Management Lessons for California from Statewide Hydro-economic Modeling Using the CALVIN Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Californias complex water management system often defies comprehensive analysis. We summarize the results of a decade of quantification and analysis of this system from a hydro-economic perspective using the CALVIN Model. The general approach taken dates back to Roman times, when Frontinus (97 AD) began his oversight of Romes water system with a systematic inventory and quantification of its water system. This approach has been formalized and expanded in the modern era as economists, planners, and engineers have sought to grapple with complex water management systems and problems. In California water supply and demands are inconvenient in space and time. Most water availability is in northern California from winter precipitation and spring snow-melt; whereas water demands are more in the south during the dry summer. Consequently, major floods and seasonal and multiyear droughts characterize water resources in California. The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta is the major north-south hub for this water network. Population growth, climate change, a vulnerable Delta, and decentralized water governance pose opportunities and challenges to water management in California. Portfolios of water management activities, including diverse general policy tools, demand management, and operations and supply expansion options, are available to manage competing demands in complex situations. Exploring promising portfolios of actions is the main intent of the CALVIN model. The CALVIN model

Jay R. Lund; Richard E. Howitt; Josu Medelln-azuara; Marion W. Jenkins

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Hydro-ball in-core instrumentation system and method of operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydro-ball in-core instrumentation system employs detector strings each comprising a wire having radiation sensitive balls affixed diametrically at spaced positions therealong and opposite tip ends of which are transportable by fluid drag through interior passageways. In the passageways primary coolant is caused to flow selectively in first and second opposite directions for transporting the detector strings from stored positions in an exterior chamber to inserted positions within the instrumentation thimbles of the fuel rod assemblies of a pressure vessel, and for return. The coolant pressure within the detector passageways is the same as that within the vessel; face contact, disconnectable joints between sections of the interior passageways within the vessel facilitate assembly and disassembly of the vessel for refueling and routine maintenance operations. The detector strings may pass through a very short bend radius thereby minimizing space requirements for the connections of the instrumentation system to the vessel and concomitantly the vessel containment structure. Improved radiation mapping and a significant reduction in potential exposure of personnel to radiation are provided. Both top head and bottom head penetration embodiments are disclosed.

Tower, Stephen N. (Washington Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Veronesi, Luciano (O' Hara Township, Allegheny County, PA); Braun, Howard E. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A comparative analysis of accident risks in fossil, hydro, and nuclear energy chains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a comparative assessment of severe accident risks in the energy sector, based on the historical experience of fossil (coal, oil, natural gas, and LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas)) and hydro chains contained in the comprehensive Energy-related Severe Accident Database (ENSAD), as well as Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) for the nuclear chain. Full energy chains were considered because accidents can take place at every stage of the chain. Comparative analyses for the years 1969-2000 included a total of 1870 severe ({>=} 5 fatalities) accidents, amounting to 81,258 fatalities. Although 79.1% of all accidents and 88.9% of associated fatalities occurred in less developed, non-OECD countries, industrialized OECD countries dominated insured losses (78.0%), reflecting their substantially higher insurance density and stricter safety regulations. Aggregated indicators and frequency-consequence (F-N) curves showed that energy-related accident risks in non-OECD countries are distinctly higher than in OECD countries. Hydropower in non-OECD countries and upstream stages within fossil energy chains are most accident-prone. Expected fatality rates are lowest for Western hydropower and nuclear power plants; however, the maximum credible consequences can be very large. Total economic damages due to severe accidents are substantial, but small when compared with natural disasters. Similarly, external costs associated with severe accidents are generally much smaller than monetized damages caused by air pollution.

Burgherr, P.; Hirschberg, S. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Optimizing hourly hydro operations at the Salt Lake City Area integrated projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Salt Lake City Area (SLCA) office of the Western Area Power Administration (Western) is responsible for marketing the capacity and energy generated by the Colorado Storage, Collbran, and Rio Grande hydropower projects. These federal resources are collectively called the Salt Lake City Area Integrated Projects (SLCA/IP). In recent years, stringent operational limitations have been placed on several of these hydropower plants including the Glen Canyon Dam, which accounts for approximately 80% of the SLCA/IP resources. Operational limitations on SLCA/IP hydropower plants continue to evolve as a result of decisions currently being made in the Glen Canyon Dam Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and the Power Marketing EIS. To analyze a broad range of issues associated with many possible future operational restrictions, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), with technical assistance from Western has developed the Hydro LP (Linear Program) Model. This model simulates hourly operations at SLCA/IP hydropower plants for weekly periods with the objective of maximizing Western`s net revenues. The model considers hydropower operations for the purpose of serving SLCA firm loads, loads for special projects, Inland Power Pool (IPP) spinning reserve requirements, and Western`s purchasing programs. The model estimates hourly SLCA/IP generation and spot market activities. For this paper, hourly SLCA/IP hydropower plant generation is simulated under three operational scenarios and three hydropower conditions. For each scenario an estimate of Western`s net revenue is computed.

Veselka, T.D.; Hamilton, S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McCoy, J. [Western Area Power Administration, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Interpretation of the Stephan Quintet Galaxy Cluster using Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics: Viscosity and Fragmentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stephan's Quintet (SQ) is a compact group of galaxies that has been well studied since its discovery in 1877 but is mysterious using cold dark matter hierarchical clustering cosmology (CDMHCC). Anomalous red shifts $z = (0.0027,0.019, 0.022, 0.022, 0.022)$ among galaxies in SQ either reduce it to a Trio with two highly improbable intruders from CDMHCC or support the Arp (1973) hypothesis that its red shifts are intrinsic. An alternative is provided by the Gibson 1996-2006 hydro-gravitational-dynamics (HGD) theory where superclusters, clusters and galaxies all originate by gravitational fragmentation in the super-viscous plasma epoch and at planetary and star cluster mass scales in the primordial gas of the expanding universe. By this fluid-mechanical cosmology, the SQ galaxies gently separate and remain precisely along a line of sight because of perspective and the small transverse velocities permitted by their sticky viscous-gravitational beginnings. Star and gas bridges and young-globular-star-cluster (YGC)...

Gibson, Carl H

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Interpretation of the Helix Planetary Nebula using Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics: Planets and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space Telescope images of the Helix Planetary Nebula are interpreted using the hydro-gravitational-dynamics theory (HGD) of Gibson 1996-2006. HGD claims that baryonic-dark-matter (BDM) dominates the halo masses of galaxies (Schild 1996) as Jovian (Primordial-fog-particle [PFP]) Planets (JPPs) in proto-globular-star-cluster (PGC) clumps for all galaxy halo diameters bounded by stars. From HGD, supernova Ia (SNe Ia) events always occur in planetary nebulae (PNe) within PGCs. The dying central star of a PNe slowly accretes JPP mass to grow the white-dwarf to instability. Plasma jets, winds and radiation driven by contraction and spin-up of the carbon star evaporate JPPs revealing its Oort accretional cavity. SNe Ia events may thus be obscured or not obscured by radiation-inflated JPP atmospheres producing systematic SNe Ia distance errors, so the otherwise mysterious ``dark energy'' concept is unnecessary. HST/ACS and WFPC2 Helix images show >7,000 cometary globules and SST/IRAC images show >20,000-40,000, here interpreted as gas-dust cocoons of JPPs evaporated by the spin powered radiation of the PNe central white-dwarf. Observed JPP masses fossilizes the primordial density existing when the plasma universe fragmented into proto-superclusters, proto-clusters, and proto-galaxies. Pulsar scintillation spectra support the postulated multi-planet atmospheres.

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

422

Totara Valley micro-hydro development : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Applied Science in Renewable Energy Engineering, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study focuses on the design, construction and operation of a distributed generation system based on micro-hydro technology. The project is sited in the Totara (more)

Donnelly, David Ronald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Research and development of the Osmo-Hydro Power heat engine. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Osmo-Hydro Power (OHP) or Pressure-Retarded Osmosis (PRO) heat engine is a possible means for producing economical electric power from low-temperature heat sources. The engine utilizes semipermeable membranes to cause the permeation of a solvent from a dilute low-pressure solution to a concentrated high-pressure solution. The potential energy thus acquired is converted to useful energy by means of a turbogenerator. The process can be considered as one in which the free energy of mixing is converted to useful power. By appropriate application of a heat source and a heat sink, the original dilute and concentrated solutions are recovered, thus completing the heat engine cycle. The results of this initial project to study osmotic power generation from waste heat indicate what research paths must be followed to continue the development of distillation and conjugation as unmixing methods. In addition, precipitation and stratification have been shown to be desirable because of the possibility of readily matching a binary system with either a membrane presently available or one readily modified from an existing membrane. The OHP heat engine in its ultimate development would have the following general characteristics: it would be able to utilize low-grade heat sources, such as unconcentrated solar energy or waste heat below 100/sup 0/C., heat sources as low as 50/sup 0/C can be used; the engine should be able to produce electricity for 0.12 $/kWh, or less, but the thermal efficiency will be less than 25% of Carnot efficiency at the same temperature limits; and the engine would be modular; i.e., it could be scaled up or down largely by adding or subtracting discrete permeator and heat exchanger units.

None

1980-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

424

Stochastic Analysis of Waterhammer and Applications in Reliability-Based Structural Design for Hydro Turbine Penstocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: The randomness of transient events, and the variability in factors which influence the magnitudes of resultant pressure fluctuations, ensures that waterhammer and surges in a pressurized pipe system are inherently stochastic. To bolster and improve reliability-based structural design, a stochastic model of transient pressures is developed for water conveyance systems in hydropower plants. The statistical characteristics and probability distributions of key factors in boundary conditions, initial states and hydraulic system parameters are analyzed based on a large record of observed data from hydro plants in China; and then the statistical characteristics and probability distributions of annual maximum waterhammer pressures are simulated using Monte Carlo method and verified by the analytical probabilistic model for a simplified pipe system. In addition, the characteristics (annual occurrence, sustaining period and probability distribution) of hydraulic loads for both steady and transient states are discussed. Illustrating with an example of penstock structural design, it is shown that the total waterhammer pressure should be split into two individual random variable loads: the steady/static pressure and the waterhammer pressure rise during transients; and that different partial load factors should be applied to each individual load to reflect its unique physical and stochastic features. Particularly, the normative load (usually the unfavorable value at 95-percentage point) for steady/static hydraulic pressure should be taken from the probability distribution of its maximum values during the pipe's design life, while for waterhammer pressure rise, as the second variable load, the probability distribution of its annual maximum values is used to determine its normative load.

Zhang, Qin Fen [ORNL; Karney, Professor Byran W. [University of Toronto; Suo, Prof. Lisheng [Hohai University, China; Colombo, Dr. Andrew [University of Toronto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

DOE/EIS-0372; Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Northeast Reliability Interconnect (August 2005)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sheet Northeast Reliability Interconnect DEIS Sheet Northeast Reliability Interconnect DEIS iii COVER SHEET Responsible Federal Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) Title: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Northeast Reliability Interconnect Location: Hancock, Penobscot, and Washington Counties, Maine. Contacts: For additional information on this Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), contact: Dr. Jerry Pell, Project Manager Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy

426

" Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." ,,,,,"Distillate",,,"Coal" ,,,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" ,,,"Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(d)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)" "NAICS",,"Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(c)","(billion","NGL(e)","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","End Use","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

427

" Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." ,,,,,,,,,"Coke" ,,,,"Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)","LPG and","Coal","and Breeze" "NAICS",,"Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","NGL(e)","(million","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

428

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006;" 1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." ,,,,,,,,,,,"Coke" ,,,,"Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(c)",,"LPG and",,"Coal","and Breeze" "NAICS",,"Total",,"Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion",,"NGL(d)",,"(million","(million","Other(e)" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)",,"(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)",,"(million bbl)",,"short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

429

Table A9. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A9. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census" A9. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census" " Region and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,,,,,"Coke" " "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(e)","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","(cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

430

"Table A33. Total Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region, Census Division,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region, Census Division," Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region, Census Division," " and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,,"Natural",,,"Coke" " ","Total","Electricity","Residual","Distillate","Gas(c)"," ","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","RSE" " ","(trillion","(million","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion","LPG","(1000 ","(1000","(trillion","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Btu)","kWh)","(1000 bbl)","(1000 bbl)","cu ft)","(1000 bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","Btu)","Factors"

431

"Table A32. Total Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," " Census Division, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1994" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,,,"Natural",,,"Coke" " "," ","Total","Electricity","Residual","Distillate","Gas(c)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","(trillion","(million","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(d)","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Group and Industry","Btu)","kWh)","(1000 bbl)","(1000 bbl)","cu ft)","(1000 bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

432

" Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." ,,,,,"Distillate",,,"Coal" ,,,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" ,,,"Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(d)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)" "NAICS",,"Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(c)","(billion","NGL(e)","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","End Use","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

433

" Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 1 Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." ,,,,,,,,,,,,"Coke" ,,,,"Net",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)",,"LPG and","Coal","and Breeze" "NAICS",,"Total",,"Electricity(b)",,"Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion",,"NGL(e)","(million","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)",,"(million kWh)",,"(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)",,"(million bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

434

"Table A22. Total Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Total Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," 2. Total Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," " Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,,,"Natural",,,"Coke" " "," ","Total","Electricity","Residual","Distillate","Gas(c)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","(trillion","(million","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(d)","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Btu)","kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

435

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

436

New York Power Authority Identifies More than $1.8 Million in Savings Annually with RCM at Its Hydro Generating Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Member QuoteThe NYPA Team, working with the EPRI Solutions staff, has identified measurable savings in O&M costs at our hydro plants, while maintaining the high standard of reliability for which we are recognized--Randy Crissman, Vice President, Business Development and Asset Management, New York Power Authority In BriefThe New York Power Authority (NYPA) identified nearly $1.8 million in annual savings by applying reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) to the mechanical equipment at its hydro generati...

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

437

Carbon Emissions: Paper Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Paper Industry Paper Industry Carbon Emissions in the Paper Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 26) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 31.6 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 8.5% Total First Use of Energy: 2,665 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 12.3% -- Pct. Renewable Energy: 47.7% Carbon Intensity: 11.88 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Renewable Energy Sources (no net emissions): -- Pulping liquor: 882 trillion Btu -- Wood chips and bark: 389 trillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 31.6 Net Electricity 11.0

438

Carbon Emissions: Iron and Steel Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iron and Steel Industry Iron and Steel Industry Carbon Emissions in the Iron and Steel Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 3312) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 39.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 10.7% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 22.2 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 1,649 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 7.6% Nonfuel Use of Energy: 886 trillion Btu (53.7%) -- Coal: 858 trillion Btu (used to make coke) Carbon Intensity: 24.19 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 39.9 Coal 22.7

439

Table 1.1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010; 1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke and Shipments Net Residual Distillate Natural Gas(e) LPG and Coal Breeze of Energy Sources NAICS Total(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) (billion NGL(f) (million (million Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 1,162 75,407 2 4 567 2 8 * 96 * 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 355 16,479 * * 119 Q 6 0 47 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling 215 7,467 * * 51 * 5 0 26 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing

440

A two-stage planning model for power scheduling in a hydro-thermal system under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. A two-stage stochastic programming model for the short- or mid-term cost-optimal electric power production planning is developed. We consider the power generation in a hydro-thermal generation system under uncertainty in demand (or load) and prices for fuel and delivery contracts. The model involves a large number of mixed-integer (stochastic) decision variables and constraints linking time periods and operating power units. A stochastic Lagrangian relaxation scheme is designed by assigning (stochastic) multipliers to all constraints that couple power units. It is assumed that the stochastic load and price processes are given (or approximated) by a finite number of realizations (scenarios). Solving the dual by a bundle subgradient method leads to a successive decomposition into stochastic single unit subproblems. The stochastic thermal and hydro subproblems are solved by a stochastic dynamic programming technique and by a specific descent algorithm, respectively. A Lagrangian heuristics that provides approximate solutions for the primal problem is developed. Numerical results are presented for realistic data from a German power utility and for numbers of scenarios ranging from 5 to 100 and a time horizon of 168 hours. The sizes of the corresponding optimization problems go up to 400.000 binary and 650.000 continuous variables, and more than 1.300.000 constraints. Keywords: stochastic programming, Lagrangian relaxation, unit commitment

Robert Nrnberg; Werner Rmisch

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

HydroTrend v.3.0: A climate-driven hydrological transport model that simulates discharge and sediment load leaving a river system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HydroTrend v.3.0 is a climate-driven hydrological water balance and transport model that simulates water discharge and sediment load at a river outlet, by incorporating drainage basin properties (river networks, hypsometry, relief, reservoirs) together ... Keywords: Human impacts, Modeling distributary channels, River model, Sediment concentration, Sediment discharge

Albert J. Kettner; James P. M. Syvitski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Particle Swarm Optimization and Gradient Descent Methods for Optimization of PI Controller for AGC of Multi-area Thermal-Wind-Hydro Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The automatic generation control (AGC) of three unequal interconnected Thermal, Wind and Hydro power plant has been designed with PI controller. Further computational intelligent technique Particle Swarm Optimization and conventional Gradient Descent ... Keywords: Automatic generation control, Particle swarm optimization, Gradient Descent method, Generation rate constraint, Area control error, Wind energy conversion system

Naresh Kumari, A N. Jha

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Fast track article: Disaggregated water sensing from a single, pressure-based sensor: An extended analysis of HydroSense using staged experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an extended analysis of our previous work on the HydroSense technology, which is a low-cost and easily installed single-point sensor of pressure for automatically disaggregating water usage activities in the home (Froehlich et al., 2009 [53]). ... Keywords: Activity sensing, H1.2, H5.2, Infrastructure-mediated sensing, Sensors, Water usage

Eric Larson; Jon Froehlich; Tim Campbell; Conor Haggerty; Les Atlas; James Fogarty; Shwetak N. Patel

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 107 (2) 2001 This work was supported by Hydro Aluminum and the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-46825 TA-442 ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 107 (2) 2001 This work was supported by Hydro Aluminum Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Reprinted by permission from ASHRAE Transactions Vol. 107, Part 2, pp 538 IS FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY, FOR INCLUSION IN ASHRAE TRANSACTIONS 2001, V. 107, Pt. 2. Not to be reprinted

445

Training and Research on Probabilistic Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration in Fractured Porous Rocks  

SciTech Connect

Colorado School of Mines conducted research and training in the development and validation of an advanced CO{sub 2} GS (Geological Sequestration) probabilistic simulation and risk assessment model. CO{sub 2} GS simulation and risk assessment is used to develop advanced numerical simulation models of the subsurface to forecast CO2 behavior and transport; optimize site operational practices; ensure site safety; and refine site monitoring, verification, and accounting efforts. As simulation models are refined with new data, the uncertainty surrounding the identified risks decrease, thereby providing more accurate risk assessment. The models considered the full coupling of multiple physical processes (geomechanical and fluid flow) and describe the effects of stochastic hydro-mechanical (H-M) parameters on the modeling of CO{sub 2} flow and transport in fractured porous rocks. Graduate students were involved in the development and validation of the model that can be used to predict the fate, movement, and storage of CO{sub 2} in subsurface formations, and to evaluate the risk of potential leakage to the atmosphere and underground aquifers. The main major contributions from the project include the development of: 1) an improved procedure to rigorously couple the simulations of hydro-thermomechanical (H-M) processes involved in CO{sub 2} GS; 2) models for the hydro-mechanical behavior of fractured porous rocks with random fracture patterns; and 3) probabilistic methods to account for the effects of stochastic fluid flow and geomechanical properties on flow, transport, storage and leakage associated with CO{sub 2} GS. The research project provided the means to educate and train graduate students in the science and technology of CO{sub 2} GS, with a focus on geologic storage. Specifically, the training included the investigation of an advanced CO{sub 2} GS simulation and risk assessment model that can be used to predict the fate, movement, and storage of CO{sub 2} in underground formations, and the evaluation of the risk of potential CO{sub 2} leakage to the atmosphere and underground aquifers.

Gutierrez, Marte

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

DOE/EIS-0372; Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Northeast Reliability Interconnect (August 2005)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northeast Reliability Interconnect DEIS Northeast Reliability Interconnect DEIS S-1 August 2005 SUMMARY S.1 BACKGROUND S.1.1 Purpose and Need for National Environmental Policy Act Review Executive Order (E.O.) 10485 (September 9, 1953), as amended by E.O. 12038 (February 7, 1978), requires that a Presidential permit be issued by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) before electric transmission facilities may be constructed, operated, maintained, or connected at the U.S. international border. Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) has applied to DOE to amend Presidential Permit PP-89, which authorizes BHE to construct a single-circuit, 345,000-volt (345-kV) alternating-current (AC) electric transmission line across the U.S. international border in the vicinity of Baileyville, Maine.

447

Testing the accuracy of the Hydro-PM approximation in numerical simulations of the Lyman-alpha forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We implement the hydro-PM (HPM) technique (Gnedin & Hui 1998) in the hydrodynamical simulation code GADGET-II and quantify the differences between this approximate method and full hydrodynamical simulations of the Lyman-alpha forest in a concordance LCDM model. At redshifts z=3 and z=4, the differences between the gas and dark matter (DM) distributions, as measured by the one-point distribution of density fluctuations, the density power spectrum and the flux power spectrum, systematically decrease with increasing resolution of the HPM simulqation. However, reducing these differences to less than a few percent requires a significantly larger number of grid-cells than particles, with a correspondingly larger demand for memory. Significant differences in the flux decrement distribution remain even for very high resolution hydro-PM simulations, particularly at low redshift. At z=2, the differences between the flux power spectra obtained from HPM simulations and full hydrodynamical simulations are generally large and of the order of 20-30 %, and do not decrease with increasing resolution of the HPM simulation. This is due to the presence of large amounts of shock-heated gas, a situation which is not adequately modelled by the HPM approximation. We confirm the results of Gnedin & Hui (1998) that the statistical properties of the flux distribution are discrepant by > 5-20 % when compared to full hydrodynamical simulations. The discrepancies in the flux power spectrum are strongly scale- and redshift-dependent and extend to large scales. Considerable caution is needed in attempts to use calibrated HPM simulations for quantitative predictions of the flux power spectrum and other statistical properties of the Lyman-alpha forest.

Matteo Viel; Martin G. Haehnelt; Volker Springel

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

448

Evaluation of Snow Depth and Soil Temperatures Predicted by the HydroThermodynamic SoilVegetation Scheme Coupled with the Fifth-Generation Pennsylvania State UniversityNCAR Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The HydroThermodynamic SoilVegetation Scheme (HTSVS) coupled in a two-way mode with the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State UniversityNational Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Mesoscale Meteorological Model (MM5) is evaluated for a ...

Balachandrudu Narapusetty; Nicole Mlders

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Notice of Public Hearings for the Proposed Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) Northeast Reliability Inteconnect (DOE/EIS-0372) (09/12/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Federal Register 6 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 175 / Monday, September 12, 2005 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [Docket No. PP-89-1] Notice of Public Hearings for the Proposed Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) Northeast Reliability Interconnect AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of public hearings. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) announces two public hearings on the ''Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) Northeast Reliability Interconnect'' (DOE/EIS-0372). The Draft EIS was prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended, 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq., the Council on Environmental Quality NEPA regulations, 40 CFR parts 1500-1508, and the DOE NEPA regulations, 10 CFR part 1021. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife

450

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, Volume II, Technical Information, 1983-1984 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes a study to determine the potential cumulative effects of proposed small hydro development on the fisheries of the Swan River drainage. This report contains technical information and is a support document for the main report (Leathe and Enk, 1985). Consequently, discussion of results was minimized. The sections on fish population monitoring, streambed monitoring, habitat survey comparisons, and water temperature are the only portions that were not discussed in the main report. 5 refs., 55 figs., 44 tabs.

Leathe, Stephen A.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, First Annual Progress Report (Covering Field Season July-November 1982).  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fisheries study is to determine the potential cumulative biological and economic effects of 20 small or micro-hydro-electric facilities (less than 5 megawatts) proposed to be constructed on tributaries to the Swan River, a 1738 square kilometer (671 square mile) drainage located in northwestern Montana. The study addresses portions of measure 1204 (b) (2) of the Norwthwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Aerial pre-surveys conducted during 1982 identified 102 stream reaches that may support fish populations in the Swan drainage between Swan and Lindbergh lakes. These reaches were located in 49 tributary streams and constituted 416 kilometers (258 miles) of potential fish habitat. Construction of all proposed small hydro projects would divert water from 54 kilometers (34 miles) or about 13 percent of the tributary system. Only two of the 20 proposed hydro sites did not support trout populations and most were populated by migratory bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. Potential cumulative habitat losses that could result from dewatering of all proposed project areas were predicted using a stream reach classification scheme involving stream gradient, drainage ara, and fish population data. Preliminary results of this worst case analysis indicate that 23, 19 and 6 percent of the high quality rearing habitat for cutthroat, bull, and brook trout respectively would be lost.

Leathe, Stephen A.; Graham, Patrick J.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

"State","Fossil Fuels",,,,,,"Nuclear Electric Power",,"Renewable Energy",,,,,,"Total Energy Production"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

P2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, 2011 " P2. Energy Production Estimates in Trillion Btu, 2011 " "State","Fossil Fuels",,,,,,"Nuclear Electric Power",,"Renewable Energy",,,,,,"Total Energy Production" ,"Coal a",,"Natural Gas b",,"Crude Oil c",,,,"Biofuels d",,"Other e",,"Total" ,"Trillion Btu" "Alabama",468.671,,226.821,,48.569,,411.822,,0,,245.307,,245.307,,1401.191 "Alaska",33.524,,404.72,,1188.008,,0,,0,,15.68,,15.68,,1641.933 "Arizona",174.841,,0.171,,0.215,,327.292,,7.784,,107.433,,115.217,,617.734 "Arkansas",2.985,,1090.87,,34.087,,148.531,,0,,113.532,,113.532,,1390.004 "California",0,,279.71,,1123.408,,383.644,,25.004,,812.786,,837.791,,2624.553

453

Bentonite alteration due to thermal-hydro-chemical processes during the early thermal period in a nuclear waste repository  

SciTech Connect

After closure of an underground nuclear waste repository, the decay of radionuclides will raise temperature in the repository, and the bentonite buffer will resaturate by water inflow from the surrounding host rock. The perturbations from these thermal and hydrological processes are expected to dissipate within hundreds to a few thousand years. Here, we investigate coupled thermal-hydro-chemical processes and their effects on the short-term performance of a potential nuclear waste repository located in a clay formation. Using a simplified geometric configuration and abstracted hydraulic parameters of the clayey formation, we examine geochemical processes, coupled with thermo-hydrologic phenomena, and potential changes in porosity near the waste container during the early thermal period. The developed models were used for evaluating the mineral alterations and potential changes in porosity of the buffer, which can affect the repository performance. The results indicate that mineral alteration and associated changes in porosity induced by early thermal and hydrological processes are relatively small and are expected to not significantly affect flow and transport properties. Chlorite precipitation was obtained in all simulation cases. A maximum of one percent volume fraction of chlorite could be formed, whose process may reduce swelling and sorption capacity of bentonite clay, affecting the performance of the repository. llitisation process was not obtained from the present simulations.

Xu, T.; Senger, R.; Finsterle, S.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Evidence for Hydro-Gravitational Structure Formation Theory versus Cold-Dark-Matter, Hierarchical-Clustering, and Jeans 1902  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations are compared to conflicting predictions about self-gravitational structure formation by the hydro-gravitational theory (HGT) of Gibson 1996-2003 versus cold-dark-matter hierarchical-clustering-cosmology (CDMHCC) and the Jeans 1902 criterion. According to HGT, gravitational structures form immediately after mass-energy equality by plasma fragmentation at 30,000 years when viscous and weak turbulence forces first balance gravitational forces within the horizon L_H = ct < L_J = c/[3\\rho G]^1/2, contrary to the Jeans 1902 criterion. Buoyancy forces fossilize the 10^-12 s^-1 rate-of-strain and the 10^-17 kg m^-3 baryonic density. The non-baryonic dark matter (NBDM) diffuses into the voids rather than forming cold-dark-matter (CDM) halos required by CDMHCC. From HGT, supercluster-mass to galaxy-mass fragments exist at the plasma to gas transition, and these fragment further to form proto-globular-star clusters (PGCs) and planetary-mass primordial-fog-particles (PFPs): the baryonic dark matter of the interstellar-medium and inner-galaxy-dark-matter-halos, from which all planets and stars are formed by accretion (Gibson 1996, Schild 1996). From HGT and a rich cluster mass profile (Tyson and Fischer 1995), D_NBDM = 6 x10^28 m^2 s^-1, m_NBDM <= 10^-33 kg, and the NBDM forms outer-galaxy halos after 300,000 years.

Carl H. Gibson; Rudy Schild

2003-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

455

Halo expansion in cosmological hydro simulations: towards a baryonic solution of the cusp/core problem in massive spirals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A clear prediction of the Cold Dark Matter model is the existence of cuspy dark matter halo density profiles on all mass scales. This is not in agreement with the observed rotation curves of spiral galaxies, challenging on small scales the otherwise successful CDM paradigm. In this work we employ high resolution cosmological hydro-dynamical simulations to study the effects of dissipative processes on the inner distribution of dark matter in Milky-Way like objects (M~1e12 Msun). Our simulations include supernova feedback, and the effects of the radiation pressure of massive stars before they explode as supernovae. The increased stellar feedback results in the expansion of the dark matter halo instead of contraction with respect to N-body simulations. Baryons are able to erase the dark matter cuspy distribution creating a flat, cored, dark matter density profile in the central several kpc of a massive Milky-Way like halo. The profile is well fit by a Burkert profile, with fitting parameters consistent with the ...

Maccio', Andrea V; Brook, Chris B; Wadsley, James; Couchman, H M P; Shen, Sijing; Gibson, Brad K; Quinn, Tom

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

"Table A11. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel" 1. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel" " Purposes by Census Region and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment," 1991 " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" " "," "," "," ","Natural"," "," ","Coke"," "," " " ","Total","Residual","Distillate","Gas(c)"," ","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","RSE" " ","(trillion","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","(trillion","Row"

457

Released: March 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 5.5;" 5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 5.5;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)" "End Use","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","(trillion Btu

458

Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.1, 2006;" 1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.1, 2006;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," " " "," ",,,,,,,,"Coke" " "," "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)","LPG and","Coal","and Breeze"," " "NAICS"," ","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","NGL(e)","(million","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

459

Released: June 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Relative Standard Errors for Table 7.6;" 6 Relative Standard Errors for Table 7.6;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," " " "," ",,,,,,,,"Coke" " "," "," ",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coal","and Breeze"," " "NAICS"," ","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","(million","Other(e)" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

460

Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.1, 2006;" 1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.1, 2006;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," " " "," ",,,,,,,,"Coke" " "," "," ",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)","LPG and","Coal","and Breeze"," " "NAICS"," ","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","NGL(e)","(million","(million","Other(f)" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(million bbl)","(million bbl)","cu ft)","(million bbl)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1994 2.188 2.232 2.123 2.136 1.999 2.130 2.021 1.831 1.881 1.961 1.890 1.709 1995 1.457 1.448 1.595 1.718 1.770 1.685 1.525 1.630 1.805 1.870 1.936 2.200 1996 2.177 2.175 2.205 2.297 2.317 2.582 2.506 2.120 2.134 2.601 2.862 3.260 1997 2.729 2.016 1.954 2.053 2.268 2.171 2.118 2.484 2.970 3.321 3.076 2.361 1998 2.104 2.293 2.288 2.500 2.199 2.205 2.164 1.913 2.277 2.451 2.438 1.953 1999 1.851 1.788 1.829 2.184 2.293 2.373 2.335 2.836 2.836 3.046 2.649 2.429 2000 2.392 2.596 2.852 3.045 3.604 4.279 3.974 4.467 5.246 5.179 5.754 8.267 2001 7.374 5.556 5.245 5.239 4.315 3.867 3.223 2.982 2.558 2.898 2.981 2.748

462

Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value; 1997-Jan : 01/10 : 3.79 : ...

463

Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 1993 Dec-20 to Dec-24 1.894 1.830 1.859 1.895 1993 Dec-27 to Dec-31 1.965 1.965 1.943 1.901 1994 Jan- 3 to Jan- 7 1.883 1.896 1.962 1.955 1.980 1994 Jan-10 to Jan-14 1.972 2.005 2.008 1.966 2.010 1994 Jan-17 to Jan-21 2.006 1.991 1.982 2.000 2.053 1994 Jan-24 to Jan-28 2.095 2.044 2.087 2.088 2.130 1994 Jan-31 to Feb- 4 2.157 2.185 2.157 2.075 2.095 1994 Feb- 7 to Feb-11 2.115 2.145 2.142 2.135 2.140 1994 Feb-14 to Feb-18 2.128 2.125 2.175 2.160 2.155 1994 Feb-21 to Feb-25 2.160 2.130 2.138 2.171 1994 Feb-28 to Mar- 4 2.140 2.128 2.112 2.103 2.111 1994 Mar- 7 to Mar-11 2.116 2.133 2.130 2.130 2.120 1994 Mar-14 to Mar-18 2.114 2.137 2.170 2.146 2.130 1994 Mar-21 to Mar-25 2.117 2.134 2.120 2.086 2.112

464

Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 1994 Jan-10 to Jan-14 2.130 2.072 2.139 1994 Jan-17 to Jan-21 2.196 2.131 2.115 2.148 2.206 1994 Jan-24 to Jan-28 2.283 2.134 2.209 2.236 2.305 1994 Jan-31 to Feb- 4 2.329 2.388 2.352 2.252 2.198 1994 Feb- 7 to Feb-11 2.207 2.256 2.220 2.231 2.236 1994 Feb-14 to Feb-18 2.180 2.189 2.253 2.240 2.254 1994 Feb-21 to Feb-25 2.220 2.168 2.179 2.221 1994 Feb-28 to Mar- 4 2.165 2.146 2.139 2.126 2.144 1994 Mar- 7 to Mar-11 2.149 2.168 2.160 2.144 2.132 1994 Mar-14 to Mar-18 2.109 2.142 2.192 2.164 2.136 1994 Mar-21 to Mar-25 2.107 2.129 2.115 2.050 2.077 1994 Mar-28 to Apr- 1 2.076 2.072 2.070 2.087 1994 Apr- 4 to Apr- 8 2.134 2.090 2.109 2.093 2.081 1994 Apr-11 to Apr-15 2.090 2.099 2.128 2.175 2.196

465

Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 1997-Jan 01/10 3.79 01/17 4.19 01/24 2.98 01/31 2.91 1997-Feb 02/07 2.53 02/14 2.30 02/21 1.91 02/28 1.82 1997-Mar 03/07 1.86 03/14 1.96 03/21 1.91 03/28 1.84 1997-Apr 04/04 1.88 04/11 1.98 04/18 2.04 04/25 2.14 1997-May 05/02 2.15 05/09 2.29 05/16 2.22 05/23 2.22 05/30 2.28 1997-Jun 06/06 2.17 06/13 2.16 06/20 2.22 06/27 2.27 1997-Jul 07/04 2.15 07/11 2.15 07/18 2.24 07/25 2.20 1997-Aug 08/01 2.22 08/08 2.37 08/15 2.53 08/22 2.54 08/29 2.58

466

Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 1994 Jan-10 to Jan-14 2.194 2.268 1994 Jan-17 to Jan-21 2.360 2.318 2.252 2.250 2.305 1994 Jan-24 to Jan-28 2.470 2.246 2.359 2.417 2.528 1994 Jan-31 to Feb- 4 2.554 2.639 2.585 2.383 2.369 1994 Feb- 7 to Feb-11 2.347 2.411 2.358 2.374 2.356 1994 Feb-14 to Feb-18 2.252 2.253 2.345 2.385 2.418 1994 Feb-21 to Feb-25 2.296 2.232 2.248 2.292 1994 Feb-28 to Mar- 4 2.208 2.180 2.171 2.146 2.188 1994 Mar- 7 to Mar-11 2.167 2.196 2.156 2.116 2.096 1994 Mar-14 to Mar-18 2.050 2.104 2.163 2.124 2.103 1994 Mar-21 to Mar-25 2.055 2.107 2.077 1.981 2.072 1994 Mar-28 to Apr- 1 2.066 2.062 2.058 2.075 1994 Apr- 4 to Apr- 8 2.144 2.069 2.097 2.085 2.066 1994 Apr-11 to Apr-15 2.068 2.089 2.131 2.163 2.187

467

Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1994 2.347 2.355 2.109 2.111 1.941 2.080 1.963 1.693 1.619 1.721 1.771 1.700 1995 1.426 1.439 1.534 1.660 1.707 1.634 1.494 1.557 1.674 1.790 1.961 2.459 1996 2.483 2.458 2.353 2.309 2.283 2.544 2.521 2.049 1.933 2.481 3.023 3.645 1997 3.067 2.065 1.899 2.005 2.253 2.161 2.134 2.462 2.873 3.243 3.092 2.406 1998 2.101 2.263 2.253 2.465 2.160 2.168 2.147 1.855 2.040 2.201 2.321 1.927 1999 1.831 1.761 1.801 2.153 2.272 2.346 2.307 2.802 2.636 2.883 2.549 2.423 2000 2.385 2.614 2.828 3.028 3.596 4.303 3.972 4.460 5.130 5.079 5.740 8.618 2001 7.825 5.675 5.189 5.189 4.244 3.782 3.167 2.935 2.213 2.618 2.786 2.686

468

Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 1994 Jan-17 to Jan-21 2.019 2.043 2.103 1994 Jan-24 to Jan-28 2.162 2.071 2.119 2.128 2.185 1994 Jan-31 to Feb- 4 2.217 2.258 2.227 2.127 2.118 1994 Feb- 7 to Feb-11 2.137 2.175 2.162 2.160 2.165 1994 Feb-14 to Feb-18 2.140 2.145 2.205 2.190 2.190 1994 Feb-21 to Feb-25 2.180 2.140 2.148 2.186 1994 Feb-28 to Mar- 4 2.148 2.134 2.122 2.110 2.124 1994 Mar- 7 to Mar-11 2.129 2.148 2.143 2.135 2.125 1994 Mar-14 to Mar-18 2.111 2.137 2.177 2.152 2.130 1994 Mar-21 to Mar-25 2.112 2.131 2.117 2.068 2.087 1994 Mar-28 to Apr- 1 2.086 2.082 2.083 2.092 1994 Apr- 4 to Apr- 8 2.124 2.100 2.116 2.100 2.086 1994 Apr-11 to Apr-15 2.095 2.099 2.123 2.155 2.183 1994 Apr-18 to Apr-22 2.187 2.167 2.174 2.181 2.169

469

Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 1997 Jan- 6 to Jan-10 3.82 3.80 3.61 3.92 1997 Jan-13 to Jan-17 4.00 4.01 4.34 4.71 3.91 1997 Jan-20 to Jan-24 3.26 2.99 3.05 2.96 2.62 1997 Jan-27 to Jan-31 2.98 3.05 2.91 2.86 2.77 1997 Feb- 3 to Feb- 7 2.49 2.59 2.65 2.51 2.39 1997 Feb-10 to Feb-14 2.42 2.34 2.42 2.22 2.12 1997 Feb-17 to Feb-21 1.84 1.95 1.92 1.92 1997 Feb-24 to Feb-28 1.92 1.77 1.81 1.80 1.78 1997 Mar- 3 to Mar- 7 1.80 1.87 1.92 1.82 1.89 1997 Mar-10 to Mar-14 1.95 1.92 1.96 1.98 1.97 1997 Mar-17 to Mar-21 2.01 1.91 1.88 1.88 1.87 1997 Mar-24 to Mar-28 1.80 1.85 1.85 1.84 1997 Mar-31 to Apr- 4 1.84 1.95 1.85 1.87 1.91 1997 Apr- 7 to Apr-11 1.99 2.01 1.96 1.97 1.98 1997 Apr-14 to Apr-18 2.00 2.00 2.02 2.08 2.10

470

Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Week Of Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 1997 Jan- 6 to Jan-10 3.82 3.80 3.61 3.92 1997 Jan-13 to Jan-17 4.00 4.01 4.34 4.71 3.91 1997 Jan-20 to Jan-24 3.26 2.99 3.05 2.96 2.62 1997 Jan-27 to Jan-31 2.98 3.05 2.91 2.86 2.77 1997 Feb- 3 to Feb- 7 2.49 2.59 2.65 2.51 2.39 1997 Feb-10 to Feb-14 2.42 2.34 2.42 2.22 2.12 1997 Feb-17 to Feb-21 1.84 1.95 1.92 1.92 1997 Feb-24 to Feb-28 1.92 1.77 1.81 1.80 1.78 1997 Mar- 3 to Mar- 7 1.80 1.87 1.92 1.82 1.89 1997 Mar-10 to Mar-14 1.95 1.92 1.96 1.98 1.97 1997 Mar-17 to Mar-21 2.01 1.91 1.88 1.88 1.87 1997 Mar-24 to Mar-28 1.80 1.85 1.85 1.84 1997 Mar-31 to Apr- 4 1.84 1.95 1.85 1.87 1.91 1997 Apr- 7 to Apr-11 1.99 2.01 1.96 1.97 1.98 1997 Apr-14 to Apr-18 2.00 2.00 2.02 2.08 2.10

471

Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 3.45 2.15 1.89 2.03 2.25 2.20 2.19 2.49 2.88 3.07 3.01 2.35 1998 2.09 2.23 2.24 2.43 2.14 2.17 2.17 1.85 2.02 1.91 2.12 1.72 1999 1.85 1.77 1.79 2.15 2.26 2.30 2.31 2.80 2.55 2.73 2.37 2.36 2000 2.42 2.66 2.79 3.04 3.59 4.29 3.99 4.43 5.06 5.02 5.52 8.90 2001 8.17 5.61 5.23 5.19 4.19 3.72 3.11 2.97 2.19 2.46 2.34 2.30 2002 2.32 2.32 3.03 3.43 3.50 3.26 2.99 3.09 3.55 4.13 4.04 4.74 2003 5.43 7.71 5.93 5.26 5.81 5.82 5.03 4.99 4.62 4.63 4.47 6.13 2004 6.14 5.37 5.39 5.71 6.33 6.27 5.93 5.41 5.15 6.35 6.17 6.58 2005 6.15 6.14 6.96 7.16 6.47 7.18 7.63 9.53 11.75 13.42 10.30 13.05

472

Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 1993-Dec 12/24 1.869 12/31 1.943 1994-Jan 01/07 1.935 01/14 1.992 01/21 2.006 01/28 2.088 1994-Feb 02/04 2.133 02/11 2.135 02/18 2.148 02/25 2.149 1994-Mar 03/04 2.118 03/11 2.125 03/18 2.139 03/25 2.113 1994-Apr 04/01 2.107 04/08 2.120 04/15 2.140 04/22 2.180 04/29 2.165 1994-May 05/06 2.103 05/13 2.081 05/20 2.076 05/27 2.061 1994-Jun 06/03 2.134 06/10 2.180 06/17 2.187 06/24 2.176 1994-Jul 07/01 2.256 07/08 2.221 07/15 2.172 07/22 2.137 07/29 2.207

473

Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1994 2.116 2.168 2.118 2.139 2.038 2.150 2.083 2.031 2.066 2.037 1.873 1.694 1995 1.490 1.492 1.639 1.745 1.801 1.719 1.605 1.745 1.883 1.889 1.858 1.995 1996 1.964 2.056 2.100 2.277 2.307 2.572 2.485 2.222 2.272 2.572 2.571 2.817 1997 2.393 1.995 1.978 2.073 2.263 2.168 2.140 2.589 3.043 3.236 2.803 2.286 1998 2.110 2.312 2.312 2.524 2.249 2.234 2.220 2.168 2.479 2.548 2.380 1.954 1999 1.860 1.820 1.857 2.201 2.315 2.393 2.378 2.948 2.977 3.055 2.586 2.403 2000 2.396 2.591 2.868 3.058 3.612 4.258 3.981 4.526 5.335 5.151 5.455 7.337 2001 6.027 5.441 5.287 5.294 4.384 3.918 3.309 3.219 2.891 3.065 3.022 2.750

474

ENERGY STAR Challenge for Industry: BTU QuickConverter | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program...

475

Figure 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. Source: Table 1.1. 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013

476

Table E4. Electricity Consumption (Btu) Intensities by End Use ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Space Heat-ing Cool-ing Venti-lation Water Heat-ing Light-ing Cook-ing Refrig-eration Office Equip-ment Com-puters Other All Buildings* ..... ...

477

Table E4A. Electricity Consumption (Btu) Intensities by End ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heat-ing Cool-ing Venti-lation Water Heat-ing Light-ing Cook-ing Refrig-eration Office Equip-ment Com-puters ...

478

Lowest Pressure Steam Saves More BTU's Than You Think  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam is the most common and economical way of transferring heat from one location to another. But most steam systems use the header pressure steam to do the job. The savings are substantially more than just the latent heat differences between the high and low steam pressures. The discussion below shows how the savings in using low pressure steam can be above 25%! The key to the savings is not in the heat exchanger equipment or the steam trap, but is back at the powerhouse - the sensible heat requirement of the boiler feed water. Chart III shows potential steam energy savings and will be useful in estimating the steam energy savings of high pressure processes.

Vallery, S. J.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

British Thermal Units (Btu) - Energy Explained, Your Guide To ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Landfill Gas and Biogas; Biomass & the Environment See also: Biofuels. Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel. Ethanol; Use of Ethanol; Ethanol & the Environment; Biodiesel;

480

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fossil Fuelsa Nuclear Electric Power Renew-able Energyb Total Imports Exports Net Importsc ... fuel ethanol stock change; and biodiesel stock change and balancing item.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trillion btu hydro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

POTENTIAL MARKETS FOR HIGH-BTU GAS FROM COAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has become increasilngly clear that the energy-related ilemna facing this nation is both a long-term and deepening problem. A widespread recognition of the critical nature of our energy balance, or imbalance, evolved from the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The seeds of this crisis were sown in the prior decade, however, as our consumption of known energy reserves outpaced our developing of new reserves. The resultant increasing dependence on foreign energy supplies hs triggered serious fuel shortages, dramatic price increases, and a pervsive sense of unertainty and confusion throughout the country.

Booz, Allen, and Hamilton, Inc.,

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Understanding Spatio-Temporal Variability and Associated Physical Controls of Near-Surface Soil Moisture in Different Hydro-Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-surface soil moisture is a key state variable of the hydrologic cycle and plays a significant role in the global water and energy balance by affecting several hydrological, ecological, meteorological, geomorphologic, and other natural processes in the land-atmosphere continuum. Presence of soil moisture in the root zone is vital for the crop and plant life cycle. Soil moisture distribution is highly non-linear across time and space. Various geophysical factors (e.g., soil properties, topography, vegetation, and weather/climate) and their interactions control the spatio-temporal evolution of soil moisture at various scales. Understanding these interactions is crucial for the characterization of soil moisture dynamics occurring in the vadose zone. This dissertation focuses on understanding the spatio-temporal variability of near-surface soil moisture and the associated physical control(s) across varying measurement support (point-scale and passive microwave airborne/satellite remote sensing footprint-scale), spatial extents (field-, watershed-, and regional-scale), and changing hydro-climates. Various analysis techniques (e.g., time stability, geostatistics, Empirical Orthogonal Function, and Singular Value Decomposition) have been employed to characterize near-surface soil moisture variability and the role of contributing physical control(s) across space and time. Findings of this study can be helpful in several hydrological research/applications, such as, validation/calibration and downscaling of remote sensing data products, planning and designing effective soil moisture monitoring networks and field campaigns, improving performance of soil moisture retrieval algorithm, flood/drought prediction, climate forecast modeling, and agricultural management practices.

Joshi, Champa

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Plasma parameters and electromagnetic forces induced by the magneto hydro dynamic interaction in a hypersonic argon flow experiment  

SciTech Connect

This work proposes an experimental analysis on the magneto hydro dynamic (MHD) interaction induced by a magnetic test body immersed into a hypersonic argon flow. The characteristic plasma parameters are measured. They are related to the voltages arising in the Hall direction and to the variation of the fluid dynamic properties induced by the interaction. The tests have been performed in a hypersonic wind tunnel at Mach 6 and Mach 15. The plasma parameters are measured in the stagnation region in front of the nozzle of the wind tunnel and in the free stream region at the nozzle exit. The test body has a conical shape with the cone axis in the gas flow direction and the cone vertex against the flow. It is placed at the nozzle exit and is equipped with three permanent magnets. In the configuration adopted, the Faraday current flows in a closed loop completely immersed into the plasma of the shock layer. The electric field and the pressure variation due to MHD interaction have been measured on the test body walls. Microwave adsorption measurements have been used for the determination of the electron number density and the electron collision frequency. Continuum recombination radiation and line radiation emissions have been detected. The electron temperature has been determined by means of the spectroscopic data by using different methods. The electron number density has been also determined by means of the Stark broadening of H{sub {alpha}} and the H{sub {beta}} lines. Optical imaging has been utilized to visualize the pattern of the electric current distribution in the shock layer around the test body. The experiments show a considerable effect of the electromagnetic forces produced by the MHD interaction acting on the plasma flow around the test body. A comparison of the experimental data with simulation results shows a good agreement.

Cristofolini, Andrea; Neretti, Gabriele; Borghi, Carlo A. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna (Italy)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Word Pro - S1.lwp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy a Total f Coal Natural Gas b Petro- leum c Total d Hydro-...

485

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, Volume III, Fish and Habitat Inventory of Tributary Streams, 1983-1984 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes a study of the fisheries of the Swan River drainage in relation to potential small hydro development. This information was collected in order to obtain a reliable basin-wide database which was used to evaluate the potential cumulative effects of a number of proposed small hydro developments on the fisheries of the drainage. For each named tributary stream there is a reach-by-reach narrative summary of general habitat characteristics, outstanding features of the stream, and fish populations and spawning use. An attempt was made to rank many of the measured parameters relative to other surveyed stream reaches in the drainage. 3 refs.

Leathe, Stephen A.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, Volume I, Summary, 1983-1984 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was designed to develop and apply methods to evaluate the cumulative effects of 20 proposed small hydro projects on the fisheries resources of the Swan River drainage located in northwestern Montana. Fish population and reach classification information was used to estimate total populations of 107,000 brook trout, 65,000 cut-throat trout and 31,000 juvenile bull trout within the tributary system. Distribution, abundance, and life history of fish species in the drainage and their contribution to the sport fishery were considered in the cumulative impact analysis. Bull trout were chosen as the primary species of concern because of their extensive use of project areas, sensitivity to streambed sedimentation, and their importance to the lake and river sport fisheries. Dewatering of hydroelectric diversion zones and streambed sedimentation (resulting from forest and small hydro development) were the major impacts considered. The developer proposed to divert up to the entire streamflow during low flow months because maintenance of recommended minimum bypass flows would not allow profitable project operation. Dewatering was assumed to result in a total loss of fish production in these areas. 105 refs., 19 figs., 38 tabs.

Leathe, Stephen A.; Enk, Michael D.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Suggested performance specifications of standard modular controls for the automation of small hydro electric facilities. [Plant capacities from 50 kW to 15 MW  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These specifications are made available by the Department of Energy for the voluntary use by any person, corporation or governmental body in the writing of purchase specifications for the automatic control of small hydro generating stations, i.e., hydro plants ranging in size from 50 kW to 15 MW. It is believed that the use of these specifications will permit competition among capable vendors and, at the same time, assure proper and reliable operation of both the automation hardware and software purchased. The specifications are detailed to a degree which should assure the interchangeability of hardware and software from various suppliers. This also increases the likelihood that spare parts and service will be available for many years. The specifications are written in modules, each of which can be included or excluded for ease of editing to match a particular application. Brief but detailed instructions are included for such editing. An extensive appendix gives the alternatives which were considered and reasons for the various choices specified.

Beckwith, R.W.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Microsoft Word - SEDS cover 2005.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5) 5) February 2008 State Energy Consumption Estimates 1960 Through 2005 2005 Consumption Summary Tables Table S1. Energy Consumption Estimates by Source and End-Use Sector, 2005 (Trillion Btu) State Total Energy b Sources End-Use Sectors a Coal Natural Gas c Petroleum Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- electric Power d Biomass e Other f Net Interstate Flow of Electricity/Losses g Residential Commercial Industrial b Transportation Alabama 2,119.0 890.1 364.1 626.9 330.3 101.4 177.0 0.1 -371.1 398.1 268.4 961.3 491.1 Alaska 799.2 14.0 433.8 333.3 0.0 14.6 3.3 0.1 0.0 55.7 62.4 417.3 263.8 Arizona 1,479.7 428.4 327.7 590.8 268.9 64.1 9.0 3.2 -212.5 381.6 336.4 227.4 534.2 Arkansas 1,135.1 247.2 216.0 383.8 142.7 30.8 76.6 0.4 37.7 229.1 162.1 454.5 289.5 California 8,359.8 67.4 2,297.7 3,869.6 376.8

489

Word Pro - S2.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 9 Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales g Electrical System Energy Losses h Total e Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total e Hydro- electric Power f Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 5,781 3,546 3,960 13,288 69 NA NA NA 532 602 13,890 500 1,852 16,241 1955 Total .................... 5,620 4,701 5,123 15,434 38 NA NA NA 631 669 16,103 887 2,495 19,485 1960 Total .................... 4,543 5,973 5,766 16,277 39 NA NA NA 680 719 16,996 1,107 2,739 20,842 1965 Total .................... 5,127 7,339 6,813 19,260 33 NA NA NA 855 888 20,148 1,463 3,487 25,098 1970 Total .................... 4,656 9,536 7,776 21,911 34 NA NA NA 1,019 1,053 22,964 1,948 4,716 29,628 1975 Total ....................

490

Word Pro - S2.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 Table 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy b Elec- tricity Net Imports e Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum Total Hydro- electric Power d Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total ...................... 2,199 651 472 3,322 0 1,346 NA NA NA 5 1,351 6 4,679 1955 Total ...................... 3,458 1,194 471 5,123 0 1,322 NA NA NA 3 1,325 14 6,461 1960 Total ...................... 4,228 1,785 553 6,565 6 1,569 (s) NA NA 2 1,571 15 8,158 1965 Total ...................... 5,821 2,395 722 8,938 43 2,026 2 NA NA 3 2,031 (s) 11,012 1970 Total ...................... 7,227 4,054 2,117 13,399 239 2,600 6 NA NA 4 2,609 7 16,253 1975 Total ...................... 8,786 3,240 3,166 15,191 1,900 3,122 34 NA NA 2 3,158 21 20,270

491

Word Pro - S2.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales f Electrical System Energy Losses g Total Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 1,542 401 872 2,815 NA NA NA NA 19 19 2,834 225 834 3,893 1955 Total .................... 801 651 1,095 2,547 NA NA NA NA 15 15 2,561 350 984 3,895 1960 Total .................... 407 1,056 1,248 2,711 NA NA NA NA 12 12 2,723 543 1,344 4,609 1965 Total .................... 265 1,490 1,413 3,168 NA NA NA NA 9 9 3,177 789 1,880 5,845 1970 Total .................... 165 2,473 1,592 4,229 NA NA NA NA 8 8 4,237 1,201 2,908 8,346 1975 Total ....................

492

Word Pro - S10  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 Table 10.1 Renewable Energy Production and Consumption by Source (Trillion Btu) Production a Consumption Biomass Total Renew- able Energy d Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal f Solar/ PV g Wind h Biomass Total Renew- able Energy Bio- fuels b Total c Wood i Waste j Bio- fuels k Total 1950 Total .................... NA 1,562 2,978 1,415 NA NA NA 1,562 NA NA 1,562 2,978 1955 Total .................... NA 1,424 2,784 1,360 NA NA NA 1,424 NA NA 1,424 2,784 1960 Total .................... NA 1,320 2,928 1,608 (s) NA NA 1,320 NA NA 1,320 2,928 1965 Total .................... NA 1,335 3,396 2,059 2 NA NA 1,335 NA NA 1,335 3,396 1970 Total .................... NA 1,431 4,070 2,634 6 NA NA 1,429 2 NA 1,431 4,070 1975 Total .................... NA

493

All Consumption Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) June 2007 State Energy Consumption Estimates 1960 Through 2004 2004 Consumption Summary Tables Table S1. Energy Consumption Estimates by Source and End-Use Sector, 2004 (Trillion Btu) State Total Energy b Sources End-Use Sectors a Coal Natural Gas c Petroleum Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- electric Power d Biomass e Other f Net Interstate Flow of Electricity/Losses g Residential Commercial Industrial b Transportation Alabama 2,159.7 853.9 404.0 638.5 329.9 106.5 185.0 0.1 -358.2 393.7 270.2 1,001.1 494.7 Alaska 779.1 14.1 411.8 334.8 0.0 15.0 3.3 0.1 0.0 56.4 63.4 393.4 266.0 Arizona 1,436.6 425.4 354.9 562.8 293.1 69.9 8.7 3.6 -281.7 368.5 326.0 231.2 511.0 Arkansas 1,135.9 270.2 228.9 388.3 161.1 36.5 76.0 0.6 -25.7 218.3 154.7 473.9 288.9 California 8,364.6 68.9 2,474.2 3,787.8 315.6 342.2

494

1994 Washington State directory of Biomass Energy Facilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the fourth edition of the Washington Directory of Biomass Energy Facilities, the first edition was published in 1987. The purpose of this directory is to provide a listing of and basic information about known biomass producers and users within the state to help demonstrate the importance of biomass energy in fueling our state`s energy needs. In 1992 (latest statistical year), estimates show that the industrial sector in Washington consumed nearly 128 trillion Btu of electricity, nearly 49.5 trillion Btu of petroleum, over 82.2 trillion Btu of natural gas, and over 4.2 trillion Btu of coal. Facilities listed in this directory generated approximately 114 trillion Btu of biomass energy - 93 trillion were consumed from waste wood and spent chemicals. In the total industrial energy picture, wood residues and chemical cooking liquors placed second only to electricity. This directory is divided into four main sections biogas production, biomass combustion, ethanol production, and solid fuel processing facilities. Each section contains maps and tables summarizing the information for each type of biomass. Provided in the back of the directory for reference are a conversion table, a table of abbreviations, a glossary, and an index. Chapter 1 deals with biogas production from both landfills and sewage treatment plants in the state. Biogas produced from garbage and sewage can be scrubbed and used to generate electricity. At the present time, biogas collected at landfills is being flared on-site, however four landfills are investigating the feasibility of gas recovery for energy. Landfill biogas accounted for approximately 6 percent of the total biomass reported. Sewage treatment biogas accounted for 0.6 percent. Biogas generated from sewage treatment plants is primarily used for space and process heat, only one facility presently scrubs and sells methane. Together, landfill and sewage treatment plant biogas represented over 6.6 percent of the total biomass reported.

Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Toronto Hydro Energy Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The working group members were welcomed to the first meeting of the DACP?TWG and thanked for their volunteer participation. The WG members introduced themselves and identified the company or sector they are affiliated with. The Chair discussed housekeeping issues; washrooms, breaks, lunch etc.

Peter Alpajaro; Paul Kerr; Shane Harwood; Ryan Benner; Ray Wieszczyk; Darren Macdonald; Francois Abdelnour; Ian Macdonald; Richard Gell; Randy Heaton; Khalil Houri; David Besselievre; Bruce Power; Gerdau Ameristeel; Sheryl Irwin; Carl Ecelbarger; Ken Johnson; Heather Sears; Jennifer Croke; Bruce Power

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

More power from hydro  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are striving to upgrade the already impressive performance of hydroelectric plants at a reasonable cost. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) solicited utility industry feedback on what kinds of improvements to pursue, with forced outages, scheduled outages, plant efficiency, and new equipment reliability ranking as top candidates. Innovative approaches to operation and maintenance are springing up, but more effective channels for sharing technical information are neeeded. 7 references, 2 figures, 1 table.

Lihach, N.; Birk, J.; Sullivan, C.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Idaho Micro Hydro Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook addresses the development of micro-hydroelectric systems. An overview of microhydro systems, methods for determining site feasibility and guidance in system design are provided. The technology is well developed and equipment is available from a variety of sources. By following the steps outlined here, the site developer will be able to move through the site development process. The basic information presented here is not intended to answer all the questions a developer may have. The reference section in the back will guide those in need to additional information.

Volkman, J.; Eastlake, B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

FPL Energy Hydro One  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Khaqan Khan welcomed the group. A restatement of the working groups objectives to identify and address barriers to wind energy integration in Ontario was made. A brief overview of the working groups objectives for the day was given, with the main goal to achieve Wind Power Integration Working Group (WPIWG) consensus on

Deluzio Jim; Jayaraman Jay; Lawler Lisa; Adams Tom; Francois Cadieux; Vallejo Patricia; Seethapathy Ravi; Malinowski Martin; Rabadi Adi; Northland Power Incorporated; Chase Maia; Huber Devon; Khan Khaqan; Lafoyiannis Peter; Lodyga Martin; Romeo Rick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Poster: Passing the three trillion particle limit with an error-controlled fast multipole method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an error-controlled, highly scalable FMM implementation for long-range interactions of particle systems with open, 1D, 2D and 3D periodic boundary conditions. We highlight three aspects of fast summation codes not fully addressed in most articles; ... Keywords: FMM, error control, scalability

Ivo Kabadshow; Holger Dachsel; Jeff Hammond

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Figure 85. Natural gas consumption by sector, 1990-2040 (trillion ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

$0.75 2017.00 $4.59 $3.32 $8.97 $8.43 $0.75 2018.00 $4.56 $3.31 $9.30 $8.30 $0.76 2019.00 $4.54 $3.32 $9.40 $8.27 $0.77 2020.00 $4.52 $3.32 $9.48 $8.23 $0.77 2021.00 ...