Sample records for trillion btu 1999

  1. Trillion Particles,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z Site MapTrends,TUNLTribalTrillion

  2. Accurate BTU Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosseini, S.; Rusnak, J. J.

    1 represents a typical arrangement in which heat is supplied to, or absorbed by the difference in temperatures of a working fluid, generally water. (See Ref. 1). Supply (TIl- Supply (Tl1 E E Heat (BTU) He.' ~ Exchange Exchange Relurn (T2... rate (BTU/unit time) ? m Mass flow rate (lb/unit time) hI' h2 = Specific enthalpy of supply and return liquid (BTU/lb) BTU C p - Average specific heat (--~----) IboF Equations 1, 2 are instantaneous values for heat flow or energy transferred...

  3. First trillion particle cosmological simulation completed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    trillion particle cosmological simulation completed A team of astrophysicists and computer scientists has created high-resolution cyber images of our cosmos. December 3, 2014...

  4. BTU Accounting for Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redd, R. O.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , salesmen cars, over the highway trucks, facilities startup, waste used as fuel and fuels received for storage. This is a first step in the DOE's effort to establish usage guidelines for large industrial users and, we note, it requires BTU usage data...-generated electricity, heating, ventilating, air conditioning, in-plant transportation, ore hauling, raw material storage and finished product warehousing. Categories which are excluded are corporate and divisional offices, basic research, distribution centers...

  5. First trillion particle cosmological simulation completed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget »TraveleBooks FindFirst ProofFirst trillion

  6. Trillion-atom molecular dynamics becomes a reality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kadau, Kai [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, Timothy C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By utilizing the molecular dynamics code SPaSM on Livermore's BlueGene/L architecture, consisting of 212 992 IBM PowerPC440 700 MHz processors, a molecular dynamics simulation was run with one trillion atoms. To demonstrate the practicality and future potential of such ultra large-scale simulations, the onset of the mechanical shear instability occurring in a system of Lennard-Jones particles arranged in a simple cubic lattice was simulated. The evolution of the instability was analyzed on-the-fly using the in-house developed massively parallel graphical object-rendering code MD{_}render.

  7. A Requirement for Significant Reduction in the Maximum BTU Input...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    A Requirement for Significant Reduction in the Maximum BTU Input Rate of Decorative Vented Gas Fireplaces Would Impose Substantial Burdens on Manufacturers A Requirement for...

  8. Environmental Permitting of a Low-BTU Coal Gasification Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawczyk, C.; Stewart, J. T.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that merits serious consideration since only relatively small modifications to the existing oil or gas burner system may be required, and boiler derating can be minimized. The environmental permitting and planning process for a low-Btu coal gasification...

  9. Environmental Permitting of a Low-BTU Coal Gasification Facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawczyk, C.; Stewart, J. T.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that merits serious consideration since only relatively small modifications to the existing oil or gas burner system may be required, and boiler derating can be minimized. The environmental permitting and planning process for a low-Btu coal gasification...

  10. Property:Geothermal/CapacityBtuHr | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to:Docket Number JumpAnnualGenBtuYrCapacityBtuHr

  11. EIS-0007: Low Btu Coal Gasification Facility and Industrial Park

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this environmental impact statement which evaluates the potential environmental impacts that may be associated with the construction and operation of a low-Btu coal gasification facility and the attendant industrial park in Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky.

  12. Property:Geothermal/AnnualGenBtuYr | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to:Docket Number JumpAnnualGenBtuYr Jump to:

  13. BTU International DUK International JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtria PowerAxeonBCHP ScreeningBLMBSABTBTR NewBTU

  14. Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on US Residential Energy Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy – 9,860 trillion Btu (9,840 PJ) b Residential totalenergy – 17, 600 trillion Btu (17,100 PJ) In addition tototaled over 3,400 trillion Btu, equal to 35% of the site

  15. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Heating Loads (Trillion BTU/yr) Total BuildingCooling Loads (Trillion BTU/yr) Non. Wind Infilt SHGC Wind.Energy Consumption (Trillion BTU/yr) Area, Window Window

  16. High Btu gas from peat. Existing social and economic conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1980, the Minnesota Gas Company (Minnegasco) submitted a proposal to the US Department of Energy entitled, A Feasibility Study - High Btu Gas from Peat. The proposed study was designed to assess the overall viability of the design, construction and operation of a commercial facility for the production of high-Btu substitute natural gas (SNG) from Minnesota peat. On September 30, 1980, Minnegasco was awarded a grant by the Department of Energy to perform the proposed study. In order to complete the study, Minnegasco assembled an experienced project team with the wide range of expertise required. In addition, the State of Minnesota agreed to participate in an advisory capacity. The items to be investigated by the project team during the feasibility study include peat harvesting, dewatering, gasification process design, economic and risk assessment, site evaluation, environmental and socioeconomic impact assessment. Ertec (The Earth Technology Corporation) was selected to conduct the site evaluation and environmental assessment portions of the feasibility study. The site evaluation was completed in March of 1981 with the submittal of the first of several reports to Minnegasco. This report describes the existing social and economic conditions of the proposed project area in northern Minnesota. The baseline data presented will be used to assess the significance of potential project impacts in subsequent phases of the feasibility study. Wherever possible, the data base was established using 1980 Bureau of Census statistics. However, where the 1980 data were not yet available, the most recent information is presented. 11 figures, 46 tables.

  17. The Mansfield Two-Stage, Low BTU Gasification System: Report of Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackwell, L. T.; Crowder, J. T.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The least expensive way to produce gas from coal is by low Btu gasification, a process by which coal is converted to carbon monoxide and hydrogen by reacting it with air and steam. Low Btu gas, which is used near its point of production, eliminates...

  18. Location Efficiency as the Missing Piece of The Energy Puzzle: How Smart Growth Can Unlock Trillion Dollar Consumer Cost Savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Location Efficiency as the Missing Piece of The Energy Puzzle: How Smart Growth Can Unlock Trillion. In the analysis the energy efficiency potential of smart growth developments (the type that are occurring in the US) are estimated using location efficiency research findings. The results show energy savings

  19. Vol. 30 no. 14 2014, pages 20912092 BIOINFORMATICS MESSAGE FROM THE ISCB doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btu117

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radivojac, Predrag

    .1093/bioinformatics/btu117 Advance Access publication March 3, 2014 The automated function prediction SIG looks back

  20. Subtask 3.16 - Low-BTU Field Gas Application to Microturbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darren Schmidt; Benjamin Oster

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-energy gas at oil production sites presents an environmental challenge to the sites owners. Typically, the gas is managed in flares. Microturbines are an effective alternative to flaring and provide on-site electricity. Microturbines release 10 times fewer NOx emissions than flaring, on a methane fuel basis. The limited acceptable fuel range of microturbines has prevented their application to low-Btu gases. The challenge of this project was to modify a microturbine to operate on gases lower than 350 Btu/scf (the manufacturer's lower limit). The Energy & Environmental Research Center successfully operated a Capstone C30 microturbine firing gases between 100-300 Btu/scf. The microturbine operated at full power firing gases as low as 200 Btu/scf. A power derating was experienced firing gases below 200 Btu/scf. As fuel energy content decreased, NO{sub x} emissions decreased, CO emissions increased, and unburned hydrocarbons remained less than 0.2 ppm. The turbine was self-started on gases as low as 200 Btu/scf. These results are promising for oil production facilities managing low-Btu gases. The modified microturbine provides an emission solution while returning valuable electricity to the oilfield.

  1. The Mansfield Two-Stage, Low BTU Gasification System: Report of Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackwell, L. T.; Crowder, J. T.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the high costs of oxygen and methanation required to produce gas that can be transmitted over long distance. Standard low Btu fixed bed gasifiers have historically been plagued by three constraints; namely, the production of messy tars and oils...

  2. Recent regulatory experience of low-Btu coal gasification. Volume III. Supporting case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ackerman, E.; Hart, D.; Lethi, M.; Park, W.; Rifkin, S.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The MITRE Corporation conducted a five-month study for the Office of Resource Applications in the Department of Energy on the regulatory requirements of low-Btu coal gasification. During this study, MITRE interviewed representatives of five current low-Btu coal gasification projects and regulatory agencies in five states. From these interviews, MITRE has sought the experience of current low-Btu coal gasification users in order to recommend actions to improve the regulatory process. This report is the third of three volumes. It contains the results of interviews conducted for each of the case studies. Volume 1 of the report contains the analysis of the case studies and recommendations to potential industrial users of low-Btu coal gasification. Volume 2 contains recommendations to regulatory agencies.

  3. Sectoral combustor for burning low-BTU fuel gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vogt, Robert L. (Schenectady, NY)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-temperature combustor for burning low-BTU coal gas in a gas turbine is disclosed. The combustor includes several separately removable combustion chambers each having an annular sectoral cross section and a double-walled construction permitting separation of stresses due to pressure forces and stresses due to thermal effects. Arrangements are described for air-cooling each combustion chamber using countercurrent convective cooling flow between an outer shell wall and an inner liner wall and using film cooling flow through liner panel grooves and along the inner liner wall surface, and for admitting all coolant flow to the gas path within the inner liner wall. Also described are systems for supplying coal gas, combustion air, and dilution air to the combustion zone, and a liquid fuel nozzle for use during low-load operation. The disclosed combustor is fully air-cooled, requires no transition section to interface with a turbine nozzle, and is operable at firing temperatures of up to 3000.degree. F. or within approximately 300.degree. F. of the adiabatic stoichiometric limit of the coal gas used as fuel.

  4. Vol. 30 ISMB 2014, pages i9i18 BIOINFORMATICS doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btu259

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moret, Bernard

    Vol. 30 ISMB 2014, pages i9­i18 BIOINFORMATICS doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btu259 Evaluating synteny

  5. An analytical investigation of primary zone combustion temperatures and NOx production for turbulent jet flames using low-BTU fuels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carney, Christopher Mark

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research project was to identify and determine the effect of jet burner operating variables that influence combustion of low-BTU gases. This was done by simulating the combustion of a low-BTU fuel in a jet flame and predicting...

  6. An analytical investigation of primary zone combustion temperatures and NOx production for turbulent jet flames using low-BTU fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carney, Christopher Mark

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research project was to identify and determine the effect of jet burner operating variables that influence combustion of low-BTU gases. This was done by simulating the combustion of a low-BTU fuel in a jet flame and predicting...

  7. An Evaluation of Low-BTU Gas from Coal as an Alternate Fuel for Process Heaters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebeker, C. J.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the price gap between oil and natural gas and coal continues to widen, Monsanto has carefully searched out and examined opportunities to convert fuel use to coal. Preliminary studies indicate that the low-btu gas produced by fixed-bed, air blown...

  8. Determination of performance characteristics of a one-cylinder diesel engine modified to burn low-Btu (lignite) gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blacksmith, James Richard

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A ONE-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE MODIFIED TO BURN LOW-BTU (LIGNITE) GAS A Thesis JAMES RICHARD BLACKSMITH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A86YI University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1979 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A ONE-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE MODIFIED TO BURN LOW-BTU (LIGNITE) GAS A Thesis by JAMES RICHARD BLACKSMITH...

  9. Low/medium-Btu coal-gasification assessment program for specific sites of two New York utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The scope of this study is to investigate the technical and economic aspects of coal gasification to supply low- or medium-Btu gas to the two power plant boilers selected for study. This includes the following major studies (and others described in the text): investigate coals from different regions of the country, select a coal based on its availability, mode of transportation and delivered cost to each power plant site; investigate the effects of burning low- and medium-Btu gas in the selected power plant boilers based on efficiency, rating and cost of modifications and make recommendations for each; and review the technical feasibility of converting the power plant boilers to coal-derived gas. The following two coal gasification processes have been used as the basis for this Study: the Combustion Engineering coal gasification process produces a low-Btu gas at approximately 100 Btu/scf at near atmospheric pressure; and the Texaco coal gasification process produces a medium-Btu gas at 292 Btu/scf at 800 psig. The engineering design and economics of both plants are described. Both plants meet the federal, state, and local environmental requirements for air quality, wastewater, liquid disposal, and ground level disposal of byproduct solids. All of the synthetic gas alternatives result in bus bar cost savings on a yearly basis within a few years of start-up because the cost of gas is assumed to escalate at a lower rate than that of fuel oil, approximately 4 to 5%.

  10. Understanding Utility Rates or How to Operate at the Lowest $/BTU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, J. N.

    . The lower the energy rating (KW/Ton or KW/HP or KW/BTU) the more efficient the equipment and the less demand draw on the electric power plants, thereby reducing the need to build new power plants. To encourage DSM, utilities give rebates for high...: Bob Allwein, Oklahoma Natural Gas Company. Dick Landry, Gulf States Utility. Curtis Williford, Entex Gas Company. Bret McCants, Central Power and Light Company. Frank Tanner, Southern Union. Patric Coon, West Texas utilities. ESL-IE-93...

  11. U.S. Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Other Sectors Consumers (BTU

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15 Feb-15(BTU perper

  12. Federal Energy Management Program FY14 Budget At-a-Glance

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    UESCs (utility energy service contracts)from the FY 20112012 baseline. Achieve lifecycle Btu Savings of 57 trillion Btu from FY 2014 program activities. The program's...

  13. High btu gas from peat. A feasibility study. Part 1. Executive summary. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In September, 1980, the US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded a Grant (No. DE-FG01-80RA50348) to the Minnesota Gas Company (Minnegasco) to evaluate the commercial viability - technical, economic and environmental - of producing 80 million standard cubic feet per day (SCFD) of substitute natural gas (SNG) from peat. The proposed product, high Btu SNG would be a suitable substitute for natural gas which is widely used throughout the Upper Midwest by residential, commercial and industrial sectors. The study team consisted of Dravo Engineers and Constructors, Ertec Atlantic, Inc., The Institute of Gas Technology, Deloitte, Haskins and Sells and Minnegasco. Preliminary engineering and operating and financial plans for the harvesting, dewatering and gasification operations were developed. A site in Koochiching County near Margie was chosen for detailed design purposes only; it was not selected as a site for development. Environmental data and socioeconomic data were gathered and reconciled. Potential economic data were gathered and reconciled. Potential impacts - both positive and negative - were identified and assessed. The peat resource itself was evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. Markets for plant by-products were also assessed. In summary, the technical, economic, and environmental assessment indicates that a facility producing 80 billion Btu's per day SNG from peat is not commercially viable at this time. Minnegasco will continue its efforts into the development of peat and continue to examine other options.

  14. Markets for low- and medium-Btu coal gasification: an analysis of 13 site specific studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1978 the US Department of Energy (DOE), through its Office of Resource Applications, developed a commercialization plan for low- and medium-Btu coal gasification. Several initial steps have been taken in that process, including a comprehensive study of industrial markets, issuance of a Notice of Program Interest, and funding of proposals under the Alternate Fuels Legislation (P.L. 96-126). To assist it in the further development and administration of the commercialization plan, the Office of Resource Applications has asked Booz, Allen and Hamilton to assess the market prospects for low- and medium-Btu coal gasification. This report covers the detailed findings of the study. Following the introduction which discusses the purpose of the study, approach used for the assignment and current market attitudes on coal gasification, there are three chapters on: systems configurations and applications; economic and finanical attractiveness; and summary of management decisions based on feasibility study results. The final chapter briefly assesses the management decisions. The general consensus seems to be that coal gasification is a technology that will be attractive in the future but is marginal now. 6 figures, 5 tables.

  15. Fuel injection staged sectoral combustor for burning low-BTU fuel gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vogt, Robert L. (Schenectady, NY)

    1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-temperature combustor for burning low-BTU coal gas in a gas turbine is described. The combustor comprises a plurality of individual combustor chambers. Each combustor chamber has a main burning zone and a pilot burning zone. A pipe for the low-BTU coal gas is connected to the upstream end of the pilot burning zone: this pipe surrounds a liquid fuel source and is in turn surrounded by an air supply pipe: swirling means are provided between the liquid fuel source and the coal gas pipe and between the gas pipe and the air pipe. Additional preheated air is provided by counter-current coolant air in passages formed by a double wall arrangement of the walls of the main burning zone communicating with passages of a double wall arrangement of the pilot burning zone: this preheated air is turned at the upstream end of the pilot burning zone through swirlers to mix with the original gas and air input (and the liquid fuel input when used) to provide more efficient combustion. One or more fuel injection stages (second stages) are provided for direct input of coal gas into the main burning zone. The countercurrent air coolant passages are connected to swirlers surrounding the input from each second stage to provide additional oxidant.

  16. Fuel injection staged sectoral combustor for burning low-BTU fuel gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vogt, Robert L. (Schenectady, NY)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-temperature combustor for burning low-BTU coal gas in a gas turbine is described. The combustor comprises a plurality of individual combustor chambers. Each combustor chamber has a main burning zone and a pilot burning zone. A pipe for the low-BTU coal gas is connected to the upstream end of the pilot burning zone; this pipe surrounds a liquid fuel source and is in turn surrounded by an air supply pipe; swirling means are provided between the liquid fuel source and the coal gas pipe and between the gas pipe and the air pipe. Additional preheated air is provided by counter-current coolant air in passages formed by a double wall arrangement of the walls of the main burning zone communicating with passages of a double wall arrangement of the pilot burning zone; this preheated air is turned at the upstream end of the pilot burning zone through swirlers to mix with the original gas and air input (and the liquid fuel input when used) to provide more efficient combustion. One or more fuel injection stages (second stages) are provided for direct input of coal gas into the main burning zone. The countercurrent air coolant passages are connected to swirlers surrounding the input from each second stage to provide additional oxidant.

  17. The World Energy situation andThe World Energy situation and the Role of Renewable Energy Sources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    is generated by fossil fuels ­ CO2 emission is increasing at an alarming rate Oil supplies are dwindling (electricity ~ $1 trillion / yr)­ World energy market ~ $3 trillion / yr (electricity ~ $1 trillion / yr,028 Btu 1 short ton of coal = 20,169,000 Btu 1 kilowatthour of electricity = 3,412 Btu 8 #12;Energy Use

  18. Astrophysics in 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V; Trimble, V; Aschwanden, MJ

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L143 Donnison, J. R. , & Wiper, M. P. 1999, MNRAS, 302, 75rotation period (Donnison & Wiper 1999). The range is 2.27

  19. Part-Per-Trillion Level SF6 Detection Using a Quartz Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy-Based Sensor with Single-Mode Fiber-Coupled Quantum Cascade Laser Excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spagnolo, V.; Patimisco, P.; Borri, Simone; Scamarcio, G.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Kriesel, J.M.

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensitive spectroscopic sensor based on a hollow-core fiber-coupled quantum cascade laser (QCL) emitting at 10.54 µm and quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) technique is reported. The design and realization of mid-infrared fiber and coupler optics has ensured single-mode QCL beam delivery to the QEPAS sensor . The collimation optics was designed to produce a laser beam of significantly reduced beam size and waist so as to prevent illumination of the quartz tuning fork and micro-resonator tubes. SF6 was selected as the target gas. A minimum detection sensitivity of 50 parts per trillion in 1 s was achieved with a QCL power of 18 mW, corresponding to a normalized noise-equivalent absorption of 2.7x10-10 W•cm-1/Hz1/2.

  20. The effect of CO? on the flammability limits of low-BTU gas of the type obtained from Texas lignite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaines, William Russell

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. W. N. Heffington An experimental study was conducted to determine if relatively large amounts of CO in a low-BTU gas of the type 2 derived from underground gasification of Texas lignite would cause significant... time when I was in need. Finally, the Center for Energy and Mineral Resources and the Texas Engineering Experiment Station for support related to this research. TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES V1...

  1. Commercial demonstration of atmospheric medium BTU fuel gas production from biomass without oxygen the Burlington, Vermont Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohrer, J.W. [Zurn/NEPCO, South Portland, MA (United States); Paisley, M. [Battelle Laboratories, Columbus, OH (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The first U.S. demonstration of a gas turbine operating on fuel gas produced by the thermal gasification of biomass occurred at Battelle Columbus Labs (BCL) during 1994 using their high throughput indirect medium Btu gasification Process Research Unit (PRU). Zurn/NEPCO was retained to build a commercial scale gas plant utilizing this technology. This plant will have a throughput rating of 8 to 12 dry tons per hour. During a subsequent phase of the Burlington project, this fuel gas will be utilized in a commercial scale gas turbine. It is felt that this process holds unique promise for economically converting a wide variety of biomass feedstocks efficiently into both a medium Btu (500 Btu/scf) gas turbine and IC engine quality fuel gas that can be burned in engines without modification, derating or efficiency loss. Others are currently demonstrating sub-commercial scale thermal biomass gasification processes for turbine gas, utilizing both atmospheric and pressurized air and oxygen-blown fluid bed processes. While some of these approaches hold merit for coal, there is significant question as to whether they will prove economically viable in biomass facilities which are typically scale limited by fuel availability and transportation logistics below 60 MW. Atmospheric air-blown technologies suffer from large sensible heat loss, high gas volume and cleaning cost, huge gas compressor power consumption and engine deratings. Pressurized units and/or oxygen-blown gas plants are extremely expensive for plant scales below 250 MW. The FERCO/BCL process shows great promise for overcoming the above limitations by utilizing an extremely high throughout circulation fluid bed (CFB) gasifier, in which biomass is fully devolitalized with hot sand from a CFB char combustor. The fuel gas can be cooled and cleaned by a conventional scrubbing system. Fuel gas compressor power consumption is reduced 3 to 4 fold verses low Btu biomass gas.

  2. Analysis of Energy Use in Building Services of the Industrial Sector in California: A Literature Review and a Preliminary Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by ERC, is 448.3 trillion Btu (TBtu). The total CaliforniaBecause the cost of an electrical Btu is roughly 4 timesthat of a source fuel Btu, industrial categories that use

  3. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Year 2025 Annual Energy~ 10 Btu Heat Electricity Fuels orBalance Distributed Cases (trillion Btu) A ! -feat >350! lPfor California Industry (10 12 Btu): Scenario B Process Heat

  4. High-temperature turbine technology program. Turbine subsystem design report: Low-Btu gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horner, M.W.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the US Department of Energy High-Temperature Turbine Technology (DOE-HTTT) program is to bring to technology readiness a high-temperature (2600/sup 0/F to 3000/sup 0/F firing temperature) turbine within a 6- to 10-year duration, Phase II has addressed the performance of component design and technology testing in critical areas to confirm the design concepts identified in the earlier Phase I program. Based on the testing and support studies completed under Phase II, this report describes the updated turbine subsystem design for a coal-derived gas fuel (low-Btu gas) operation at 2600/sup 0/F turbine firing temperature. A commercial IGCC plant configuration would contain four gas turbines. These gas turbines utilize an existing axial flow compressor from the GE product line MS6001 machine. A complete description of the Primary Reference Design-Overall Plant Design Description has been developed and has been documented. Trends in overall plant performance improvement at higher pressure ratio and higher firing temperature are shown. It should be noted that the effect of pressure ratio on efficiency is significally enhanced at higher firing temperatures. It is shown that any improvement in overall plant thermal efficiency reflects about the same level of gain in Cost of Electricity (COE). The IGCC concepts are shown to be competitive in both performance and cost at current and near-term gas turbine firing temperatures of 1985/sup 0/F to 2100/sup 0/F. The savings that can be accumulated over a thirty-year plant life for a water-cooled gas turbine in an IGCC plant as compared to a state-of-the-art coal-fired steam plant are estimated. A total of $500 million over the life of a 1000 MW plant is projected. Also, this IGCC power plant has significant environmental advantages over equivalent coal-fired steam power plants.

  5. High Btu gas from peat. A feasibility study. Part 2. Management plans for project continuation. Task 10. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this task, which was the responsibility of the Minnesota Gas Company, was to determine the needs of the project upon completion of the feasibility study and determine how to implement them most effectively. The findings of the study do not justify the construction of an 80 billion Btu/day SNG from peat plant. At the present time Minnegasco will concentrate on other issues of peat development. Other processes, other products, different scales of operation - these are the issues that Minnegasco will continue to study. 3 references.

  6. Low-Btu coal-gasification-process design report for Combustion Engineering/Gulf States Utilities coal-gasification demonstration plant. [Natural gas or No. 2 fuel oil to natural gas or No. 2 fuel oil or low Btu gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrus, H E; Rebula, E; Thibeault, P R; Koucky, R W

    1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a coal gasification demonstration plant that was designed to retrofit an existing steam boiler. The design uses Combustion Engineering's air blown, atmospheric pressure, entrained flow coal gasification process to produce low-Btu gas and steam for Gulf States Utilities Nelson No. 3 boiler which is rated at a nominal 150 MW of electrical power. Following the retrofit, the boiler, originally designed to fire natural gas or No. 2 oil, will be able to achieve full load power output on natural gas, No. 2 oil, or low-Btu gas. The gasifier and the boiler are integrated, in that the steam generated in the gasifier is combined with steam from the boiler to produce full load. The original contract called for a complete process and mechanical design of the gasification plant. However, the contract was curtailed after the process design was completed, but before the mechanical design was started. Based on the well defined process, but limited mechanical design, a preliminary cost estimate for the installation was completed.

  7. Sifting Through a Trillion Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    so quickly, many scientists fear that soon they will not be able to keep up with the deluge. "These instruments are capable of answering some of our most fundamental scientific...

  8. Powered by 500 Trillion Calculations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Argonne's supercomputer is using its superpowers to map the movement of red blood cells -- which will hopefully lead to better diagnoses and treatments for patients with blood flow complications.

  9. Sifting Through a Trillion Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3 Outlook for Gulf of

  10. 1999 Site Environmental Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Site Environmental Report for Brookhaven National Laboratory for the calendar year 1999, as required by DOE Order 231.1.

  11. Calendar Year 1999

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    > 1999NEFINA1.pdf" class"">Inspection Report: INS-O-00-02

  12. Contributions to the LCWS99, Sitges, April 1999 TESLA Report 1999-20 Contributions to the LCWS99, Sitges, April 1999 TESLA Report 1999-20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contributions to the LCWS99, Sitges, April 1999 TESLA Report 1999-20 #12;Contributions to the LCWS99, Sitges, April 1999 TESLA Report 1999-20 #12;Contributions to the LCWS99, Sitges, April 1999 TESLA Report 1999-20 #12;Contributions to the LCWS99, Sitges, April 1999 TESLA Report 1999-20 #12;Contributions

  13. System and process for the abatement of casting pollution, reclaiming resin bonded sand, and/or recovering a low BTU fuel from castings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scheffer, Karl D. (121 Governor Dr., Scotia, NY 12302)

    1984-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Air is caused to flow through the resin bonded mold to aid combustion of the resin binder to form a low BTU gas fuel. Casting heat is recovered for use in a waste heat boiler or other heat abstraction equipment. Foundry air pollution is reduced, the burned portion of the molding sand is recovered for immediate reuse and savings in fuel and other energy is achieved.

  14. System and process for the abatement of casting pollution, reclaiming resin bonded sand, and/or recovering a low Btu fuel from castings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scheffer, K.D.

    1984-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Air is caused to flow through the resin bonded mold to aid combustion of the resin binder to form a low Btu gas fuel. Casting heat is recovered for use in a waste heat boiler or other heat abstraction equipment. Foundry air pollutis reduced, the burned portion of the molding sand is recovered for immediate reuse and savings in fuel and other energy is achieved. 5 figs.

  15. Low NO{sub x} turbine power generation utilizing low Btu GOB gas. Final report, June--August 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ortiz, I.; Anthony, R.V.; Gabrielson, J.; Glickert, R.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methane, a potent greenhouse gas, is second only to carbon dioxide as a contributor to potential global warming. Methane liberated by coal mines represents one of the most promising under exploited areas for profitably reducing these methane emissions. Furthermore, there is a need for apparatus and processes that reduce the nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from gas turbines in power generation. Consequently, this project aims to demonstrate a technology which utilizes low grade fuel (CMM) in a combustion air stream to reduce NO{sub x} emissions in the operation of a gas turbine. This technology is superior to other existing technologies because it can directly use the varying methane content gases from various streams of the mining operation. The simplicity of the process makes it useful for both new gas turbines and retrofitting existing gas turbines. This report evaluates the feasibility of using gob gas from the 11,000 acre abandoned Gateway Mine near Waynesburg, Pennsylvania as a fuel source for power generation applying low NO{sub x} gas turbine technology at a site which is currently capable of producing low grade GOB gas ({approx_equal} 600 BTU) from abandoned GOB areas.

  16. 4-1-09_Final_Testimony_(Gruenspecht).pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    about 1,142 trillion British thermal units (Btu), more than 1 percent of total U.S. energy consumption of 101.9 quadrillion Btu. The components of farm energy consumption are...

  17. U.S. Energy Flow - 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaiper, G V

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has prepared similar flow charts of U.S. energy consumption since 1972. The chart follows the flow of individual fuels and compares these on the basis of a common energy unit of quadrillion British thermal units (Btu). A quadrillion, or ''quad,'' is 10{sup 15}. One Btu is the quantity of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 F at or near 39.2 F. The width of each colored line across this chart is in proportion to the amount of quads conveyed. (Exception: lines showing extremely small amounts have been made wide enough to be clearly visible.) In most cases, the numbers used in this chart have been rounded to the nearest tenth of a quad, although the original data was published in hundredths or thousandths of a quad. As a consequence of independent rounding, some of the summary numbers may not appear to be a precise total of their various components. The first chart in this document uses quadrillion Btu's to conform with data from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). However, the second chart is expressed in exajoules. A joule is the metric unit for heat. One Btu equals 1,055.06 joules; and one quadrillion Btu's equals 1.055 exajoules (an exajoule is 10{sup 18} joules).

  18. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001). "Residential Energy Consumption Survey." 2006, fromCommercial Building Energy Consumption Survey." from http://Total Building Energy Consumption (Trillion BTU/yr) Area,

  19. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of Buildings (million square feet)...

  20. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  1. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Electricity Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  2. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (trillion Btu) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (thousand Btusquare foot) Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  3. 1999 - 07 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustApril 1999July 1999

  4. TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-03 #12;TESLA FEL

  5. l (multipole) RESCEU 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wayne

    Boomerang 10 100 20 40 60 80 100 l (multipole) ¥2.7K RESCEU 1999 Wayne Hu 10 100 20 40 60 80 100 l (multipole) T MAPCurrent 10 100 20 40 60 80 100 l (multipole) T #12;CMB Anisotropies Tegmark, de Oliviera Costa, Devlin, Netterfield, & Page (1996) #12;Current CMB Quilt 10 100 110 20 40 60 80 100 l (multipole

  6. TESLA-Report 1999-18 TESLA-Report 1999-18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-18 #12

  7. Historical Natural Gas Annual 1999

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1999 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  8. The Standards Forum, December 1999

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Guide for Specifying and Selecting Power, Control and Special Purpose Cable for Petroleum and Chemical Plants (new standard) - October 26, 1999. ANSINFPA 11A-1998,...

  9. TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;TESLA FEL-Report 1999-04 TESLA FEL

  10. NPL 1999 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 NPL 1999 Annual Report. The Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington in Seattle pursues a broad program of nuclear physics research. Research activities are conducted locally and at remote sites. The current program includes ''in-house'' research on nuclear collisions using the local tandem Van de Graaff and superconducting linac accelerators as well as local and remote non-accelerator research on fundamental symmetries and weak interactions and user-mode research on relativistic heavy ions at large accelerator facilities around the world.

  11. 1999 - 04 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustApril 1999 Sat,

  12. 1999 - 05 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustApril 1999 Sat,

  13. 1999 - 06 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustApril 1999 Sat,June

  14. 1999 - 07 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustApril 1999

  15. 1999 - 08 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustApril 1999July

  16. 1999 - 10 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustAprilOctober 1999 Mon,

  17. 1999 - 10 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustAprilOctober 1999

  18. 1999 - 12 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustAprilOctober1999 Wed,

  19. 1999 APS Abstracts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustAprilOctober1999

  20. 1999 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustAprilOctober1999SSRL9

  1. Harvesting Machine Census 1999 & 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Harvesting Machine Census 1999 & 2001 231 Corstorphine Road Edinburgh EH12 7AT www.forestry.gov.uk FCTN001 SUMMARY This Technical Note contains information on the 1999 and 2001 harvesting machine censuses. As 31% fewer returns were received in 2001 a meaningful comparison of numbers cannot be made

  2. HPCERC1999001 15 April 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccabe, Barney

    HPCERC1999­001 15 April 1999 High Performance Computing Algorithms for Land Cover Dynamics Using Performance Computing, Education & Research Center (HPCERC) provides a focus for high performance computing Performance Computing Algorithms for Land Cover Dynamics Using Remote Sensing Data Satya Kalluri Department

  3. Calendar Year 1999 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Regarding Issuance of a Contract December 15, 1999 Audit Report: IG-0454 Waste Incineration at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory December 10, 1999...

  4. TESLA-Report 1999-05 TESLA-Report 1999-05

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA-Report 1999-05 1 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 2 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 3 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 4 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 5 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 6 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 7 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 8 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999-05 9 of 38 #12;TESLA-Report 1999

  5. Proceedings, Dean's Day 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zanner, M.A.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On January 14--15, 1999, Sandia National Laboratories sponsored Deans Day, a conference for the Deans of Engineering and other executive-level representatives from 29 invited universities. Through breakout sessions and a wrap-up discussion, university and Sandia participants identified activities to further develop their strategic relationships. The four primary activities are: (A) concentrate joint efforts on current and future research strengths and needs; (B) attract the best students (at all grade levels) to science and engineering; (C) promote awareness of the need for and work together to influence a national science and technology R and D policy; and (D) enable the universities and Sandia to be true allies, jointly pursuing research opportunities and funding from government agencies and industry.

  6. Meet the trillions of tiny allies that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    & A n WALKABLE TOWNS n IS GLUTEN-FREE FOR ME? MAGA ZINE OF THE GER ALD J. AND DOROTHY R. FRIEDMAN SCHOOL- cer and exercise study, for example, took several years and entailed developing a complicated search any good? By Julie Flaherty 14 If You Build It, They Will Walk Thoughtful town planning can get

  7. Contemplating 10 Trillion Digits of π

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution And Bylaws |Contact UsContactsContemplating 10

  8. February 1999 119 mallinvertebrates arefunction-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Margaret A.

    until unexpected changes occur in ecosystems. Unan- ticipated changes in freshwater eco- systems 1999). Colwell (1998) em- phasizes that such "biocomplexity" of habitats and biological relation- ships require an eco- systemperspectiveonthemultipleroles of many diverse benthic species. Previous studies have

  9. 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ENGEL-COX,J.; ZIMMERMAN,E.; LEE,R.; WILLIAMS,J.; GREEN,T.; PAQUETTE,D.; HOODA,B.; SCARPITTA,S.; GENZER,P.; ET AL

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the scientific community, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is renowned for its leading-edge research in physics, medicine, chemistry, biology, materials, and the environment. BNL is committed to supporting its world-class scientific research with an internationally recognized environmental protection program. The 1999 Site Environmental Report (SER) summarizes the status of the Laboratory's environmental programs and performance, including the steady progress towards cleaning up the site and fully integrating environmental stewardship into all facets of the Laboratory's mission. BNL is located on 5,265 acres of pine barrens in Suffolk County in the center of Long Island, New York. The Laboratory is situated above a sole source aquifer at the headwaters of the Peconic River; therefore, protecting ground and surface water quality is a special concern. Approximately 3,600 acres of the site are undeveloped and serve as habitat for a wide variety of animals and plants, including one New York State endangered species, the tiger salamander, and two New York State threatened species, the banded sunfish and the stiff goldenrod. Monitoring, preserving, and restoring these ecological resources is a high priority for the Laboratory.

  10. Photosynthesis Research 59: 249254, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    Photosynthesis Research 59: 249­254, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for the evolution of one molecule of oxygen in photosynthesis: A historical note Govindjee Departments 1999 Key words: history of photosynthesis, maximum quantum yield of photosynthesis, oxygen evolution

  11. 7-55E An office that is being cooled adequately by a 12,000 Btu/h window air-conditioner is converted to a computer room. The number of additional air-conditioners that need to be installed is to be determined.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    7-20 7-55E An office that is being cooled adequately by a 12,000 Btu/h window air-conditioner is converted to a computer room. The number of additional air-conditioners that need to be installed/h. Then noting that each available air conditioner provides 4,000 Btu/h cooling, the number of air- conditioners

  12. CMPE 185 Winter 1999 Syllabus 1 Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Kevin

    CMPE 185 Winter 1999 Syllabus 1 Syllabus 1 Administrative details Location and timePorter 144, MWF 3:30-4:40 (Warning: location Info 1 #12;2 Syllabus CMPE 185 Winter 1999 4

  13. CMPE 185 Fall 1999 Syllabus 1 Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Kevin

    CMPE 185 Fall 1999 Syllabus 1 Syllabus 1 Administrative details Location and timeKresge 327, MWF 2;2 Syllabus CMPE 185 Fall 1999 4 Special guest lecturers I may arrange

  14. 1999 AERA Annual Meeting Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larkin, Teresa L.

    1999 AERA Annual Meeting Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1 Evaluating the Effectiveness of On styles. #12;1999 AERA Annual Meeting Montreal, Quebec, Canada 2 Method: This study was initiated to allow

  15. Calendar Year 1999 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    March 15, 1999 Audit Report: ER-B-99-04 Credit Card Usage at the Ohio Field Office and the Fernald and Miamisburg Environmental Management Projects March 11, 1999 Audit Report:...

  16. Calendar Year 1999 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    June 18, 1999 Audit Report: IG-0446 Hanford Site Cleanup Objectives Inconsistent With Projected Land Uses June 15, 1999 Audit Report: CR-FS-99-01 Management Report Audit of the...

  17. Calendar Year 1999 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1999 Inspection Report: IG-0442 Inspection of Selected Issues Regarding the Department of Energy Accident Investigation Program March 16, 1999 Audit Report: WR-FS-99-01 Report On...

  18. National energy use of consumer electronics in 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Karen; Meier, Alan; Zandelin, Stefan

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Energy. 1999. Annual Energy Outlook 2000. Washington,products. The Annual Energy Outlook 2000 (EIA 1999) included

  19. Hurricane Floyd, 1999/NOAA hurricanes...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Hurricane Floyd, 1999/NOAA hurricanes... A PREPAREDNESS GUIDE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National's Fury FEMA #12;2 The term hurricane has its origin in the indigenous religions of old civilizations was called Huracan. Hurricanes may not be considered evil but they are one of nature's most powerful storms

  20. UNIFORM ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ACT (1999)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , MN 55402-1609, Business Law Section AMELIA H. BOSS, Tmple University, School of Law, 1719 N. Broad ON UNIFORM STATE LAWS and by it APPROVED AND RECOMMENDED FOR ENACTMENT IN ALL THE STATES at its ANNUAL NOTE AND COMMENTS Copyright© 1999 By NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMMISSIONERS ON UNIFORM STATE LAWS 1

  1. Natural gas monthly, March 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This issue of the Natural Gas Monthly contains estimates for March 1999 for many natural gas data series at the national level. Estimates of national natural gas prices are available through December 1998 for most series. Highlights of the data contained in this issue are listed below. Preliminary data indicate that the national average wellhead price for 1998 declined to 16% from the previous year ($1.96 compared to $2.32 per thousand cubic feet). At the end of March, the end of the 1998--1999 heating season, the level of working gas in underground natural gas storage facilities is estimated to be 1,354 billion cubic feet, 169 billion cubic feet higher than at the end of March 1998. Gas consumption during the first 3 months of 1999 is estimated to have been 179 billion cubic feet higher than in the same period in 1998. Most of this increase (133 billion cubic feet) occurred in the residential sector due to the cooler temperatures in January and February compared to the same months last year. According to the National Weather Service, heating degree days in January 1999 were 15% greater than the previous year while February recorded a 5% increase.

  2. PNNL: Breakthroughs Magazine - Fall 1999

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomass and4/26/11:Tel.:162 Prepared forStevenControl of1999 issue

  3. 1999 CBECS Public Use Files

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to7.1999 Commercial Buildings Energy

  4. 1999 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997 Tue,AugustAprilOctober1999SSRL

  5. First BTU | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdfFillmore County, Minnesota:Island, NewFirmGreen

  6. BTU LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtria PowerAxeonBCHP ScreeningBLMBSABTBTR

  7. 1999 Environmental Monitoring Program Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. V. Street

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the calendar year 1999 compliance monitoring and environmental surveillance activities of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory management and operating contractor Environmental Monitoring Program. This report includes results of sampling performed by the Drinking Water, Effluent, Storm Water, Groundwater Monitoring, and Environmental Surveillance Programs. This report compares the 1999 results to program-specific regulatory guidelines and past data to evaluate trends. The primary purposes of the monitoring and surveillance activities are to evaluate environmental conditions, to provide and interpret data, to verify compliance with applicable regulations or standards, and to ensure protection of public health and the environment. Surveillance of environmental media did not identify any previously unknown environmental problems or trends, which would indicate a loss of control or unplanned releases from facility operations. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory complied with permits and applicable regulations, with the expectation of nitrogen in two disposal pond effluent streams iron and total coliform bacteria in groundwater downgradient from one disposal well, and coliform bacteria in drinking water systems at two facilities. Maintenance activities were performed on the two drinking water systems and tested prior to putting back into service. The monitoring and surveillance results demonstrate that the public health and environment were protected.

  8. Esta especie fue descubierta en 1999 en la vertiente norte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuervo, Andrés

    356 Esta especie fue descubierta en 1999 en la vertiente norte de la cordillera Central en el después de la fragmentación (Terborgh 1974, Robinson 1999, Renjifo 1999). La vertiente norte de la

  9. March 24, 1999 Hydraulics, CIET 3132

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    Test No. 2 March 24, 1999 Hydraulics, CIET 3132 Spring 1999, Bowen Page 1jdb_260.wpd Test Format in Closed Conduits (32 points) Water runs from an upper reservoir, through a turbine, to a lower reservoir, as shown below. Assuming the turbine is 80% efficient in converting the water power to mechanical power

  10. Electrical Engineering 1999-2004 November 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    Electrical Engineering 1999-2004 November 2006 #12;2 QANU / Research Assessment of Electrical. #12;3QANU / Research Assessment of Electrical Engineering 1999 - 2004 Table of Contents Foreword 5 Engineering 15 2.2. Evolution of the Electrical Engineering research in the Netherlands 16 2.3. General

  11. Tritium APEX Interim Report November, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Tritium APEX Interim Report November, 1999 16-1 CHAPTER 16: TRITIUM Contributors Lead Author: Dai Kai Sze #12;Tritium APEX Interim Report November, 1999 16-2 16. TRITIUM 16.1 Design constraints Tritium recovery and containment are some of the key issues associated with breeding blanket design

  12. Meeting Materials: July 29-30, 1999 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    July 29-30, 1999 Meeting Materials: July 29-30, 1999 NEAC Meeting Embassy Suites Hotel Arlington, Virginia Meeting Minutes More Documents & Publications Meeting Materials: March...

  13. Fuel Cells For Transportation - 1999 Annual Progress Report Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1999 Annual Progress Report Energy Conversion Team Fuel Cells For Transportation - 1999 Annual Progress Report Energy Conversion Team Developing Advanced PEM Fuel Cell Technologies...

  14. How Much Energy Does Your State Produce? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    How Much Energy Does Your State Produce? November 10, 2014 - 2:52pm Addthis Energy Production in Trillion Btu: 2012 Click on each state to learn more about how much energy it...

  15. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185 175...

  16. Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8 Table 6. Sales of fossil fuel production from federal and Indian lands by statearea, FY 2003-13 trillion Btu State 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Alabama...

  17. Hanford Site Environmental Report 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TM Poston; RW Hanf; RL Dirkes

    2000-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Hanford Site environmental report is prepared annually to summarize environmental data and information, to describe environmental management performance, to demonstrate the status of compliance with environmental regulations, and to highlight major environmental programs and efforts. The report is written to meet requirements and guidelines of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and to meet the needs of the public. This summary has been written with a minimum of technical terminology. Individual sections of the report are designed to: (1) describe the Hanford Site and its mission; (2) summarize the status of compliance with environmental regulations; (3) describe the environmental programs at the Hanford Site; (4) discuss the estimated radionuclide exposure to the public from 1999 Hanford Site activities; (5) present the effluent monitoring, environmental surveillance, groundwater protection and monitoring information; and (6) discuss the activities to ensure quality.

  18. Z .Mutation Research 430 1999 145153 www.elsevier.comrlocatermolmut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Industrial Hygiene, Ministry of Public Health, Beijing 100088, China Received 21 April 1999; received

  19. Calendar Year 1999 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of the U.S. Department of Energy's Counterintelligence Implementation Plan July 12, 1999 Audit Report: WR-B-99-05 Management of Laboratory Directed Research and Development at the...

  20. May 1999 LBNL -42975 ASHRAE'S RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May 1999 LBNL - 42975 ASHRAE'S RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION STANDARD: EXEGESIS OF PROPOSED STANDARD 62 standard. 1 Max Sherman is a Senior Scientist at LBNL and the group leader of its Energy Performance

  1. Transport in Porous Media 37: 327346, 1999. c 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    Transport in Porous Media 37: 327­346, 1999. c 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 327 A Decomposition Method for Solving Coupled Multi-Species Reactive Transport Problems YUNWEI and transport in the subsurface. In the literature, partial differential equations describing solute transport

  2. C. Zwaan 1928 1999 Solar Physics volume 188, page 12, Klwer, Dordrecht, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    structural and evolutionary patterns in solar magnetism much as he knew his birds and plants, displayingC. Zwaan 1928 ­ 1999 Solar Physics volume 188, page 1­2, Klwer, Dordrecht, 1999 Cornelis ("Kees service. In fact, Zwaan was a life-long educator, as a boy teaching bird and plant lore to his younger

  3. March 23, 1999 Copyright 1999 Baptist Health Systems of SF 1 Security Requirements in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Management Process Termination Procedures Traning Assigned Security Responcibility Media Controls Physical Baptist Health Systems of SF 9 Technical Security Mechanizms (communication security) Integrity ControlsMarch 23, 1999 Copyright © 1999 Baptist Health Systems of SF 1 Security Requirements in Healthcare

  4. Photosynthesis Research 62: 117119, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    Photosynthesis Research 62: 117­119, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the potential of `photosynthesis as a clean energy resource', ever advocating the role of plants (biomass to the photosynthesis community but also to many world- wide networks of specialists on biomass, agriculture, renewable

  5. DistillationTheory.fm 2 September 1999 Distillation Theory.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    1 DistillationTheory.fm 2 September 1999 Distillation Theory. by Ivar J. Halvorsen and Sigurd, Norway #12;2 DistillationTheory.fm 2 September 1999 Table of Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Material Balance on a Distillation Stage

  6. SECTION 571 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 571 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA MODEL AGREEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION West Virginia pursuant to Section 571 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999, Public Law 106

  7. SECTION 571 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 571 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN-Federal interests in central West Virginia pursuant to Section 571 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999

  8. CMPE 185 Fall 1999 Syllabus 1 1 Administrative details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Kevin

    CMPE 185 Fall 1999 Syllabus 1 Syllabus 1 Administrative details Location and time Kresge 327, MWF 2 Syllabus CMPE 185 Fall 1999 4 Special guest lecturers I may arrange to have some guest lectures

  9. Proceedings of the 1999 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Proceedings of the 1999 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences September 12­15, 1999, Las legacy applications (a building code analysis service and a service that generates and displays

  10. SECTION 593 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 593 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN ASSISTANCE (WORK New Mexico pursuant to Section 593 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999, Public Law 106

  11. Bioremediation Education Science and Technology (BEST) Program Annual Report 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazen, Terry C.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    screening (24 h). Bioremediation, Education, Science andAnnual Meeting, 1999. Bioremediation, Education, Science anddegradation in microcosms Bioremediation, Education, Science

  12. 1999 Gordon Research Conference on Atmospheric Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Storm, C.

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on Atmospheric Chemistry was held at Salve Regina University in Newport, Rhode Island, June 13-18, 1999. The conference was well attended with 151 participants. The attendees represented the spectrum of endeavor in this field coming from academia, industry, and government laboratories, both US and foreign scientists, senior researchers, young investigators, and students.

  13. Annual radioactive waste tank inspection program - 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, C.J.

    2000-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Aqueous radioactive wastes from Savannah River Site (SRS) separations processes are contained in large underground carbon steel tanks. Inspections made during 1999 to evaluate these vessels and auxiliary appurtenances along with evaluations based on data accrued by inspections performed since the tanks were constructed are the subject of this report.

  14. DIMACS Technical Report 993 February 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is proposed for computer­aided interpretation of seismic exploratory data from the so­called crystallineDIMACS Technical Report 99­3 February 1999 Massive data set analysis in seismic explorations, the almost exceptional object of seismic explorations. The seismic exploratory data sets, seismic sections

  15. Pergamon Tetrahedron Letters 0 (1999) 15 TETRAHEDRON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelnutt, John A.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pergamon Tetrahedron Letters 0 (1999) 1­5 TETRAHEDRON LETTERS Novel dodecaarylporphyrins: synthesis An investigation of the synthesis of dodecaarylporphyrins using the Suzuki coupling reaction of arylboronic acids appropriately substituted pyrroles. Recently, Chan et al.11 reported the application of the Suzuki coupling

  16. DIMACS Technical Report 9907 February 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIMACS Technical Report 99­07 February 1999 The Internet and Other Networks: Utilization Rates, the traffic those networks carry depends on how heavily those networks are used. Hence utilization rates the economics of communications networks. A comparison of utilization rates and costs of various networks helps

  17. Aquatic Ecology 33: 316, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudela, Raphael M.

    January 1999 Key words: estuaries, eutrophication, resource management Abstract Anthropogenic nutrient in the coastal zone. For example, while some estuaries exhibit classic symptoms of acute eutrophication for photosynthesis. Complete understanding of the eutrophication process requires consideration of the interacting

  18. SUT JUNE 1999 GWYN GRIFFITHS $10 a Barrel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    Class q Janes Underwater Technology Ô98 lists 34+ vehicles q Offshore industry, telecoms, defence, ocean aboard Zealous, Cape Town, March 1999 #12;SUT JUNE 1999 GWYN GRIFFITHS Hugin II - alias NUI Explorer 300- beam seabed survey for Statoil #12;SUT JUNE 1999 GWYN GRIFFITHS Woods Hole: Autonomous Benthic Explorer

  19. Neuron, Vol. 24, 127141, September, 1999, Copyright 1999 by Cell Press BMPs as Mediators of Roof Plate Repulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Samantha

    Neuron, Vol. 24, 127­141, September, 1999, Copyright ©1999 by Cell Press BMPs as Mediators of Roof., 1997). that the roof plate (RP) expresses a diffusible activity One source of FP-independent guidance

  20. Physics division annual report 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thayer, K., ed.; Physics

    2000-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the research performed in the past year in the Argonne Physics Division. The Division's programs include operation of ATLAS as a national heavy-ion user facility, nuclear structure and reaction research with beams of heavy ions, accelerator research and development especially in superconducting radio frequency technology, nuclear theory and medium energy nuclear physics. The Division took significant strides forward in its science and its initiatives for the future in the past year. Major progress was made in developing the concept and the technology for the future advanced facility of beams of short-lived nuclei, the Rare Isotope Accelerator. The scientific program capitalized on important instrumentation initiatives with key advances in nuclear science. In 1999, the nuclear science community adopted the Argonne concept for a multi-beam superconducting linear accelerator driver as the design of choice for the next major facility in the field a Rare Isotope Accelerator (WA) as recommended by the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee's 1996 Long Range Plan. Argonne has made significant R&D progress on almost all aspects of the design concept including the fast gas catcher (to allow fast fragmentation beams to be stopped and reaccelerated) that in large part defined the RIA concept the superconducting rf technology for the driver accelerator, the multiple-charge-state concept (to permit the facility to meet the design intensity goals with existing ion-source technology), and designs and tests of high-power target concepts to effectively deal with the full beam power of the driver linac. An NSAC subcommittee recommended the Argonne concept and set as tie design goal Uranium beams of 100-kwatt power at 400 MeV/u. Argonne demonstrated that this goal can be met with an innovative, but technically in-hand, design. The heavy-ion research program focused on GammaSphere, the premier facility for nuclear structure gamma-ray studies. One example of the ground-breaking research with Garnmasphere was the first study of the limits of stability with angular momentum in the shell stabilized nobelium isotopes. It was found that these heaviest nuclei could be formed at surprisingly high angular momentum, providing important new insight into the production mechanisms for super-heavy elements. Another focus continues to be experiments with short-lived beams for critical nuclear astrophysics applications. Measurements revealed that {sup 44}Ti is more readily destroyed in supernovae than was expected. Major progress was made in collecting and storing unstable ions in the Canadian Penning Trap. The technique of stopping and rapidly extracting ions from a helium gas cell led directly to the new paradigm in the production of rare isotope beams that became RIA. ATLAS provided a record 6046 hours of beam use for experiments in FY99. The facility pressed hard to support the heavy demands of the GammaSphere Research program but maintained an operational reliability of 93%. Of the 29 different isotopes provided as beams in FY99, radioactive beams of {sup 44}Ti and {sup 17}F comprised 6% of the beam time. The theoretical efforts in the Division made dramatic new strides in such topics as quantum Monte Carlo calculations of light nuclei to understand microscopic many-body forces in nuclei; QCD calculations based on the Dyson-Schwinger approach which were extended to baryon systems and finite temperatures and densities; the structure of heavy nuclei; and proton decay modes of nuclei far from stability. The medium-energy program continues to focus on new techniques to understand how the quark-gluon structure of matter impacts the structure of nuclei. The HERMES experiment began making measurements of the fraction of the spin of the nucleon carried by the glue. Drell-Yan experiments study the flavor composition of the sea of the proton. Experiments at Jefferson lab search for clues of QCD dynamics at the hadronic level. A major advance in trace isotope analysis was realized with pioneering work on Atom Trap Trace Analysis, exploitin

  1. Trillion Particle Simulation on Hopper Honored with Best Paper

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HDF5 is an IO library used by more than 150 institutions worldwide. The HDF5 Group at University of Illinois Research Park is currently maintaining the library to ensure...

  2. Afghanistan and Iraq--$2 Trillion Dollar Graveyards of Armies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrov, Vladimir

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the projection of violent direct action in the case of Iraq and Afghanistan since 2007 through May 2011. Machine-coded events data from the free, publicly available, on-line Reuters archives was fitted to both regressor and time...

  3. Trillion Particle Simulation on Hopper Honored with Best Paper

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliancesTrending:Schedule FY 2015

  4. Copyright 1999, Offshore Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 Offshore Technology Conference held in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Byron

    to explore plasticity related concepts. The tests are on dry sand to ensure drained behaviour. Eight testsCopyright 1999, Offshore Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 Offshore Technology Conference held in Houston, Texas, 3­6 May 1999. This paper was selected

  5. 1999 Macmillan Magazines Ltd letters to nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Paul

    in Caenorhabditis elegans. J. Neurosci. 17, 8259±8269 (1997). 9. Marsh, S. J., Stans®eld, C. E., Brown, D. A., Davey±1259 (1997). 15. Meyer, R. A., Campbell, J. N. & Raja, S. in Textbook of Pain (eds Wall, P. D. & Melzack, R), and analysed as above. Received 9 November 1998; accepted 24 February 1999. 1. Dubner, R., Price, D. D., Beitel

  6. Short-term energy outlook, April 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from April 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the first quarter 1999, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the April 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated forecasting system (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 25 figs., 19 tabs.

  7. EIA and CHP: What is going on?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Roop, Joseph M.; Fowler, Richard A.

    2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In December, 2002, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its Annual Energy Review, 2001 (hereafter AER01; the document is available at: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/contents.html), with extensive revisions to both the electricity data and the categories under which the data are reported. The basics of these revisions are explained in Appendix H of AER01, ''Estimating and Presenting Power Sector Fuel Use in EIA Publications and Analyses'' (which can be downloaded from the ''Appendices and Glossary'' link). This revision was timely and eliminated the growing ''adjustments'' that reconciled the discrepancy between the sum of fuels consumed by the four end-use sectors and the electricity sector with the total energy consumed by the four end-use sectors (i.e., with electricity losses allocated back to the four end-use sectors). This adjustment jumped from almost nothing in 1988 to 128 trillion Btu (TBtu) in 1989 and grew to a half-quadrillion British thermal unit (quad) by 199 8. In 1999 it was -3.2 quad and in 2000, as reported in the AER 2000, it was -4.3 quad. After revisions, the adjustment nearly disappears, with the largest adjustment over the period 1989-2001 at 10 trillion Btu (TBtu). Even with these revisions, however, there are still some very strange numbers. This paper explains these revisions and accounting techniques, and tries to reconcile some of the data via an appeal to the detailed Independent Power Producer survey, EIA Form 860b, for 1998 and 1999.

  8. Experimental program for the development of peat gasification. Process designs and cost estimates for the manufacture of 250 billion Btu/day SNG from peat by the PEATGAS Process. Interim report No. 8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arora, J.L.; Tsaros, C.L.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents process designs for the manufacture of 250 billion Btu's per day of SNG by the PEATGAS Process from peats. The purpose is to provide a preliminary assessment of the process requirements and economics of converting peat to SNG by the PEATGAS Process and to provide information needed for the Department of Energy (DOE) to plan the scope of future peat gasification studies. In the process design now being presented, peat is dried to 35% moisture before feeding to the PEATGAS reactor. This is the basic difference between the Minnesota peat case discussed in the current report and that presented in the Interim Report No. 5. The current design has overall economic advantages over the previous design. In the PEATGAS Process, peat is gasified at 500 psig in a two-stage reactor consisting of an entrained-flow hydrogasifier followed by a fluidized-bed char gasifier using steam and oxygen. The gasifier operating conditions and performance are necessarily based on the gasification kinetic model developed for the PEATGAS reactor using the laboratory- and PDU-scale data as of March 1978 and April 1979, respectively. On the basis of the available data, this study concludes that, although peat is a low-bulk density and low heating value material requiring large solids handling costs, the conversion of peat to SNG appears competitive with other alternatives being considered for producing SNG because of its very favorable gasification characteristics (high methane formation tendency and high reactivity). As a direct result of the encouraging technical and economic results, DOE is planning to modify the HYGAS facility in order to begin a peat gasification pilot plant project.

  9. 01-07-1999 - Contamination Spread Outside of Radiation Control...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 - Contamination Spread Outside of Radiation Control Areas by Fruit Flies Document Number: NA Effective Date: 011999 File (public): 01-07-1999red...

  10. Electric Markets Technical Assistance Program: FY1999 Grant Descriptio...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FY1999 Grant Descriptions and Contact Information Public Benefits and Distributed Generation Outreach Project The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners...

  11. NERSC Users Group Meeting April 26 - 28, 1999 Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    etc.), and real performance numbers if available. Scientific Visualization Using NCAR Graphics April 28, 1999 | Author(s): Majdi Baddourah | Presentation not available. NCAR...

  12. Index of /research/alcator/documentation/1999

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News CommunityPortal Buildingnnpss/photos1999 [ICO]

  13. The Savannah River Site's Groundwater Monitoring Program - Fourth Quarter 1999 (October through December 1999)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchison, J.B.

    2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the Groundwater Monitoring Program conducted by the Savannah River site during fourth quarter 1999. It includes the analytical data, field data, data review, quality control, and other documentation for this program; provides a record of the program's activities; and serves as an official records of the analytical results.

  14. The Savannah River Site's Groundwater Monitoring Program - Third Quarter 1999 (July through September 1999)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchison, J.B.

    2000-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the Savannah River Site Groundwater Monitoring Program during the third quarter 1999. It includes the analytical data, field data, data review, quality control, and other documentation for this program; provides a record of the program activities; and serves as an official record of the analytical results.

  15. The Savannah River Site's Groundwater Monitoring Program First Quarter 1999 (January through March 1999)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchison, J.B.

    1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the Groundwater Monitoring Program conducted by Savannah River Site during first quarter 1999. It includes the analytical data, field data, data review, quality control, and other documentation for this program; provides a record of the program's activities; and serves as an official record of the analytical results.

  16. The Savannah River Site's Groundwater Monitoring Program second quarter 1999 (April through June 1999)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchison, J.B.

    1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the Groundwater Monitoring Program conducted by Savannah River Site during first quarter 1999. It includes the analytical data, field data, data review, quality control, and other documentation for this program; provides a record of the program's activities; and serves as an official record of the analytical results.

  17. Short-term energy outlook, January 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from January 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the fourth quarter 1998, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the January 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  18. CLAY AND SHALE--1999 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLAY AND SHALE--1999 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE By Robert L. Virta Domestic survey data and tables were Roberts, international data coordinator. The amount of clay sold or used by domestic producers in 1999. Production of ball clay, bentonite, common clay and shale, and fuller's earth increased, and production

  19. West Virginia University 1999-2001 Undergraduate Catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 West Virginia University 1999-2001 Undergraduate Catalog College of Agriculture, Forestry School of Physical Education West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 · www.wvu.edu West Virginia state and nation through teaching, research, service, and technology. The 1999-2001 West Virginia

  20. Transform Version 3.4 May, 1999 Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    Transform Version 3.4 May, 1999 Edition Copyright ©1990-1999 Fortner Software LLC and its Licensors. All Rights Reserved. Transform User's Guide and Reference Manual #12;Research Systems, Inc Software and its logo are trademarks of Fortner Software LLC Transform, Noesys, Plot,T3D and the HDF

  1. Atlas of Japan (East) Sea hydrographic properties in summer, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    Atlas of Japan (East) Sea hydrographic properties in summer, 1999 Lynne D. Talley a,*, Pavel properties from CTD and discrete bottle sample profiles covering the Japan (East) Sea in summer, 1999: Japan sea; Ocean chemistry; Ocean atlas; Marginal seas; Water masses 1. Introduction The Japan or East

  2. 1 Copyright 1999 by ASME Proceedings of DETC99

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Malek, Karim

    1 Copyright ©1999 by ASME Proceedings of DETC99: 1999 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) computer code have provided versatile venues for end-users to automate the design the product development process within the mechanical CAD/CAM environment. Computer code that implements

  3. 1 Copyright 1999 by ASME Proceedings of 18th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Baidurya

    1 Copyright © 1999 by ASME Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics structures usually follow prescriptive rules, standards or codes which have evolved over time, and which is the normal distribution function (Madsen, 1988): #12;2 Copyright © 1999 by ASME q T zz zTX XG =subject

  4. BORON--1999 13.1 By Phyllis A. Lyday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was listed as 0.012 % (International Trade Administration, 1999). In 1999, nine energy-intensive industries, 1998, the International Trade Administration initiated antidumping duty investigations of imports that described their goals for the next 20 years. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced four new

  5. Materials Considerations and Data Base APEX Interim Report November, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Materials Considerations and Data Base APEX Interim Report November, 1999 13-1 CHAPTER 13: MATERIALS CONSIDERATIONS AND DATA BASE Contributors Lead Author: S.J. Zinkle S. Majumdar N.M. Ghoniem S. Sharafat. #12;Materials Considerations and Data Base APEX Interim Report November, 1999 13-2 13. MATERIALS

  6. SECTION 593 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 593 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION-Federal interests in central New Mexico pursuant to Section 593 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999") and Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). Compliance with all applicable

  7. SECTION 593 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 593 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO MODEL AGREEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION ASSISTANCE New Mexico pursuant to Section 593 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999, Public Law 106, NEPA and Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). #12;

  8. Annual report of waste generation and pollution prevention progress 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Annual Report summarizes and highlights waste generation, waste reduction, pollution prevention accomplishments, and cost avoidance for 44 U.S. Department of Energy reporting sites for Calendar Year 1999. This section summarizes Calendar Year 1999 Complex-wide waste generation and pollution prevention accomplishments.

  9. R. Clinton Fuller Photosynthesis Research 62: 129, 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    #12;R. Clinton Fuller #12;Photosynthesis Research 62: 1­29, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 3 Personal perspective Forty years of microbial photosynthesis research: Where, biochemical genetics and proceeds to photosynthesis. The latter era lasted around 35 years. For me the most

  10. AGS experiments -- 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999. Fifteenth edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lo Presti, P.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a compilation of two-page summaries for AGS experiments for FY 1996, FY 1997, FY 1998, FY 1999. The bulk of the experiments are for high energy physics and nuclear physics programs. Also included are the run schedules for the AGS for each of those years and a listing of publications of AGS experiments for 1982--1999.

  11. Pmceedngsof the1999IEEE InternationalConferenceon Robotics& Automation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Peter K.

    DOF cartesian gantry robot. At the gantry's end-effecter is a 2-DOF pan-tilt unit (PTU). The net part, robot-mounted tool or gripper as it moves in the workcell. By its design, this robot has 2Pmceedngsof the1999IEEE InternationalConferenceon Robotics& Automation Detroit,MichigansMay 1999

  12. Analytical Chemistry Laboratory progress report for FY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, D. W.; Boparai, A. S.; Bowers, D. L.; Graczyk, D. G.

    2000-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the activities of the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 (October 1998 through September 1999). This annual progress report, which is the sixteenth in this series for the ACL, describes effort on continuing projects, work on new projects, and contributions of the ACL staff to various programs at ANL.

  13. STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER Winter 1999, Vol. 29, No. 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER Winter 1999, Vol. 29, No. 3 #12;The Beam Line is published GEORGE TRILLING, KARL VAN BIBBER HERMAN WINICK Illustrations TERRY ANDERSON Distribution CRYSTAL TILGHMAN A PERIODICAL OF PARTICLE PHYSICS WINTER 1999 VOL. 29, NUMBER 3 Printed on recycled paper FEATURES 2 GOLDEN

  14. Strong ground motions and damage patterns from the 1999 Duzce earthquake in Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathje, Ellen M; Stewart, Jonathan P; Baturay, M. Bora; Bray, Jonathan D; Bardet, J. P.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M s . Gulsel Baturay of Ankara, Turkey for collecting damagethe 1999 November 12 Düzce (Turkey) earthquake deduced fromSpectra, The 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey, Earthquake Reconnaissance

  15. 15 MARCH 1999 829J I A N D W A N G 1999 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Pao K.

    to the flux on a stationary crystal gives the ventilation coefficient. The local flow velocity profiles around15 MARCH 1999 829J I A N D W A N G 1999 American Meteorological Society Ventilation Coefficients (Manuscript received 20 November 1997, in final form 8 May 1998) ABSTRACT The ventilation coefficients

  16. Neuron, Vol. 24, 715726, November, 1999, Copyright 1999 by Cell Press ERK Plays a Regulatory Role in Induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobilka, Brian

    Neuron, Vol. 24, 715­726, November, 1999, Copyright ©1999 by Cell Press ERK Plays a Regulatory Role of long-term potentiation (LTP). Inhibi- tors of ERK signaling reduce LTP evoked by repeated high to the roles of ERK in persistent cellular Danny G. Winder,*§ Kelsey C. Martin,* Isabel A. Muzzio,* Daniel

  17. INDEX TO VIRGINIA CORN HYBRID AND MANAGEMENT TRIALS 1999 SECTION I. VIRGINIA CORN HYBRID TRIALS IN 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    CORPORTATION AUGUSTA 106 FAIRBURN RD MT SOLON VA 22843 BIO GENE BIO GENE 5491 TRI COUNTY HWY SARDINIA OH 45171 at Middlesex County, Virginia in 1998 and at New Kent County, Virginia in 1999 37 Table 29. Three-year corn hybrid studies at Middlesex County, Virginia in 1997 and 1998 and at New Kent County in 1999. 37 SECTION

  18. Confrence TALN 1999, Cargse, 12-17 juillet 1999 1 Representing speech acts as events to treat dialogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Conférence TALN 1999, Cargèse, 12-17 juillet 1999 1 Representing speech acts as events to treat the way in which formal semantics such as SDRT (Asher, 1993) treat dialogue. We point out that SDRT offers at a semantic level, treating dia- logue cannot be done in a context-free way. Specifically, we show how

  19. The Total Solar Eclipse of August 11, 1999 To my dear friends in Europe August 10, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldvogel, Jörg

    The Total Solar Eclipse of August 11, 1999 To my dear friends in Europe August 10, 1999 I hear at the roadside North of a farm village called Ulm (about half-way between Strassburg and Rastatt). Many other), and everything was absolutely quiet. The solar corona appeared a few times, then it was covered again by moving

  20. Production of low BTU gas from biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yung N.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on gasification as far back as the 1930's. Some of the early work was done using fixed bed gasifiers with wood as the feed mate- In the 1960's, coal was proposed as another possible feed material. Most of the coal gasification was done using moving bed... of downdraft fixed bed, updraft fixed bed or moving bed gasifiers. Most of the work on fluidized bed opera- tion has been concentrated on catalytic cracking units. However, several researchers have used fluidized bed reactors for the gasification process...

  1. Production of low BTU gas from biomass 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yung N.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for combustion is simple relative to the gasification or pyrolysis and construc- tion and operation of the necessary equipment should also be easier. However, the final product of com- bustion, steam energy, cannot be stored for long periods of time.... Lee, B. S. , Washington University, St. Louis, Mo. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. R. G. Anthony An experimental study was conducted to examine the gasification of agricultural residues as an alter- nate energy source. The agricultural residues...

  2. Catalytic reactor for low-Btu fuels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Lance (North Haven, CT); Etemad, Shahrokh (Trumbull, CT); Karim, Hasan (Simpsonville, SC); Pfefferle, William C. (Madison, CT)

    2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved catalytic reactor includes a housing having a plate positioned therein defining a first zone and a second zone, and a plurality of conduits fabricated from a heat conducting material and adapted for conducting a fluid therethrough. The conduits are positioned within the housing such that the conduit exterior surfaces and the housing interior surface within the second zone define a first flow path while the conduit interior surfaces define a second flow path through the second zone and not in fluid communication with the first flow path. The conduit exits define a second flow path exit, the conduit exits and the first flow path exit being proximately located and interspersed. The conduits define at least one expanded section that contacts adjacent conduits thereby spacing the conduits within the second zone and forming first flow path exit flow orifices having an aggregate exit area greater than a defined percent of the housing exit plane area. Lastly, at least a portion of the first flow path defines a catalytically active surface.

  3. BTU International Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003 Jump to: JumpBPL Global JumpBSST LLCBTMBTU

  4. 1999 annual progress report -- Energy conservation team

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chalk, S. (EERE OTT Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Energy Conversion Team Leader)

    1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This report highlights progress achieved during FY 1999 under the Light-duty Fuels Utilization R and D Program. The program is comprised of two elements: the Advanced Petroleum-Based APB Fuels Program which focused on developing and testing advanced fuels for use with compression-ignition direct-injection (CIDI) engines and fuel cells and the Alternative Fuels Program which focused on Natural gas and natural gas derived fuels. The report contains 17 summaries of industry and National Laboratory projects. Fuel efficient vehicles with very low emissions are essential to meet the challenges of climate change, energy security, and improved air quality. The authors anticipate cooperative efforts with the auto and energy industries to develop new and innovative technologies that will be used to make advanced transportation vehicles that are fuel efficient, clean, and safe.

  5. 1999 LDRD Laboratory Directed Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rita Spencer; Kyle Wheeler

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the FY 1999 Progress Report for the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory. It gives an overview of the LDRD Program, summarizes work done on individual research projects, relates the projects to major Laboratory program sponsors, and provides an index to the principal investigators. Project summaries are grouped by their LDRD component: Competency Development, Program Development, and Individual Projects. Within each component, they are further grouped into nine technical categories: (1) materials science, (2) chemistry, (3) mathematics and computational science, (4) atomic, molecular, optical, and plasma physics, fluids, and particle beams, (5) engineering science, (6) instrumentation and diagnostics, (7) geoscience, space science, and astrophysics, (8) nuclear and particle physics, and (9) bioscience.

  6. Sanitary Landfill Groundwater Monitoring Report, Fourth Quarter 1999 and 1999 Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, J.

    2000-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A maximum of thirty eight-wells of the LFW series monitor groundwater quality in the Steed Pond Aquifer (Water Table) beneath the Sanitary Landfill Area at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These wells are sampled quarterly to comply with the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Domestic Water Permit DWP-087A and as part of the SRS Groundwater Monitoring Program. Iron (Total Recoverable), Chloroethene (Vinyl Chloride) and 1,1-Dichloroethane were the most widespread constituents exceeding the Final Primary Drinking Water Standards during 1999. Trichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,4-Dichlorobenzene, Aluminum (Total Recoverable), Benzene, cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Dichloromethane (Methylene Chloride), Gross Alpha, Mercury (Total Recoverable), Nonvolatile Beta, Tetrachloroethylene, Total Organic Halogens, Trichlorofluoromethane, Tritium also exceeded standards in one or more wells. The groundwater flow direction in the Steed Pond Aquifer (Water Table) beneath the Sanitary Landfill is to the southeast (universal transverse Mercator coordinates). The flow rate in this unit was approximately 144.175 ft/year during first quarter 1999 and 145.27 ft/year during fourth quarter 1999.

  7. Quarterly environmental data summary for first quarter 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project Federal Facilities Agreement, a copy of the Quarterly Environmental Data Summary (QEDS) for the first quarter of 1999 is enclosed. The data presented in this constitute the QEDS. The data, except for air monitoring data and site KPA generated data (uranium analyses), were received from the contract laboratories, verified by the Weldon Spring Site verification group and merged into the database during the first quarter of 1999. KPA results for on-site total uranium analyses performed during first quarter 1999 are included. Air monitoring data presented are the most recent complete sets of quarterly data.

  8. 1999 -2006 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Notes for Part 1 of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    1 1999 - 2006 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Notes for Part 1 of CMSC 460 Preliminaries: · Mathematical modeling · Computer arithmetic · Errors Dianne P. O'Leary 1999 - 2006 Dianne P. O'Leary 2 Arithmetic to measure error 1999 - 2006 Dianne P. O'Leary 3 How does error arise? 1999 - 2006 Dianne P. O'Leary 4 How

  9. 1999 International Symposium on Robotics Research, Snowbird. Shape and Enlightenment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffe, Jules

    that they have much broader applicability. For example, within industrial and ser- vice robotics1999 International Symposium on Robotics Research, Snowbird. Shape and Enlightenment hand, vision-based robot systems can ex- ploit this naturally occurring variability to better un

  10. ECC'g931. AUGUST -3. SEPTEMBER 1999 KARLSRUHE, GERMANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Confhence ECC'g931. AUGUST - 3. SEPTEMBER 1999 KARLSRUHE, GERMANY under the auspices 1 IFAK, Steinfelderstr. (IGZ) D-39179 Barleben - Germany 2 LAG-CNRS-ENSIEG, BP 46, F-38402, Saint

  11. SECTION 571 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 571 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN to be developed for providing environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in central West Virginia pursuant

  12. SECTION 571 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 571 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN ASSISTANCE assistance to non-Federal interests in central West Virginia pursuant to Section 571 of the Water Resources

  13. SECTION 571 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 571 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA MODEL AGREEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in central West Virginia pursuant to Section 571 of the Water

  14. SECTION 571 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 571 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL WEST VIRGINIA MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN ASSISTANCE to be developed for providing environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in central West Virginia pursuant

  15. CMPE 185 Winter 1999 Syllabus 1 1 Administrative details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Kevin

    CMPE 185 Winter 1999 Syllabus 1 Syllabus 1 Administrative details Location and time Porter 144, MWF). Everything must be turned in by the last day of class, Friday March 12. Karplus Info 1 #12; 2 Syllabus CMPE

  16. Electromagnetically Restrained Lithium Blanket APEX Interim Report November, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    to avoid corrosion or fire. Lithium's high electrical conductivity may possibly permit efficient, compactElectromagnetically Restrained Lithium Blanket APEX Interim Report November, 1999 6-1 CHAPTER 6: ELECTROMAGNETICALLY RESTRAINED LITHIUM BLANKET Contributors Robert Woolley #12;Electromagnetically Restrained Lithium

  17. Hanford Site Climatological Data Summary 1999 with Historical Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, Dana J.; Burk, Kenneth W.; Ramsdell, James V.

    2000-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the Hanford Site for claendar year 1999. The information contained includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitaion and other meteorological parameters.

  18. Changes to the Facility Representative Program, 10/26/1999

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Effective October 1, 1999, the Deputy Secretary tasked this office to manage the Facility Representative Program. We look forward to working with you in continuing and improving this very important...

  19. SECTION 593 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 593 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN ASSISTANCE (WORK developed for providing environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in central New Mexico pursuant

  20. Annual Report 1999 Environmental Dynamics and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NS Foster-Mills

    2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report describes selected 1999 research accomplishments for the Environmental Dynamics and Simulation (ED and S) directorate, one of six research organizations in the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL). These accomplishments are representative of the different lines of research underway in the ED and S directorate. EMSL is one of US Department of Energy's (DOE) national scientific user facilities and is the centerpiece of DOE's commitment to providing world-class experimental, theoretical, and computational capabilities for solving the nation's environmental problems. Capabilities in the EMSL include over 100 major instrument systems for use by the resident research staff, their collaborators, and users of the EMSL. These capabilities are used to address the fundamental science that will be the basis for finding solutions to national environmental issues such as cleaning up contamianted areas at DOE sites across the country and developing green technologies that will reduce or eliminate future pollution production. The capabilities are also used to further the understanding of global climate change and environmental issues relevant to energy production and use and health effects resulting from exposure to contaminated environments.

  1. Paper presented at the International Society of Logistics (SOLE) 1999 Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, August 30 September 2, 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paper presented at the International Society of Logistics (SOLE) 1999 Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, and challenges to institutional and logistical processes for exploiting prognostics. Introduction Prognostics technologies, the analytical challenges involving predictive methods, and the logistical challenges centering

  2. October 1999 1999, Elsevier Science Inc., 1040-6190/99/$see front matter PII S1040-6190(99)00074-3 77 Transmission Rights and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    October 1999 © 1999, Elsevier Science Inc., 1040-6190/99/$­see front matter PII S1040., 1040-6190/99/$­see front matter PII S1040-6190(99)00074-3 The Electricity Journal Much

  3. 1999 Hazeleger, W., 1 February 1999. Variability in Mode Water Formation on the Decadal Time Scale. University of Utrecht, the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    Time Scale. University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Lipzig, N.P.M. van, 6 October 1999. The surfaceD-Thesis, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Veefkind, J.P., 11 October 1999. Aerosol Satellite Remote Sensing. PhD-Thesis, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Bosveld, F.C., 3 November 1999. Exchange processes between a Douglas

  4. Wind River Watershed Restoration: 1999 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connolly, Patrick J.

    2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document represents work conducted as part of the Wind River Watershed Restoration Project during its first year of funding through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The project is a comprehensive effort involving public and private entities seeking to restore water quality and fishery resources in the basin through cooperative actions. Project elements include coordination, watershed assessment, restoration, monitoring, and education. Entities involved with implementing project components are the Underwood Conservation District (UCD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), U.S. Geological Survey--Columbia River Research Lab (USGS-CRRL), and WA Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW). Following categories given in the FY1999 Statement of Work, the broad categories, the related objectives, and the entities associated with each objective (lead entity in boldface) were as follows: Coordination--Objective 1: Coordinate the Wind River watershed Action Committee (AC) and Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) to develop a prioritized list of watershed enhancement projects. Monitoring--Objective 2: Monitor natural production of juvenile, smolt, and adult steelhead in the Wind River subbasin. Objective 3: Evaluate physical habitat conditions in the Wind River subbasin. Assessment--Objective 4: Assess watershed health using an ecosystem-based diagnostic model that will provide the technical basis to prioritize out-year restoration projects. Restoration--Objective 5: Reduce road related sediment sources by reducing road densities to less than 2 miles per square mile. Objective 6: Rehabilitate riparian corridors, flood plains, and channel morphology to reduce maximum water temperatures to less than 61 F, to increase bank stability to greater than 90%, to reduce bankfull width to depth ratios to less than 30, and to provide natural levels of pools and cover for fish. Objective 7: Maintain and evaluate passage for adult and juvenile steelhead at artificial barriers. Education--Objective 8: Promote watershed stewardship among students, the community, private landowners, and local governments. Progress towards six of eight of these objectives is described within nine separate reports included in a four-volume document.

  5. Hanford Site climatological data summary 1999 with historical data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DJ Hoitink; KW Burk; JV Ramsdell

    2000-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site for calendar year 1999. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operates the Hanford Meteorology Station and the Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network from which these data were collected. The information contained herein includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation, and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters. Further, the data are adjunct to and update Hoitink et al. (1999), and Hoitink and Burk (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998); however, Appendix B-Wind Climatology (1994) is excluded. 1999 was warmer than normal at the Hanford Meteorology Station with an average temperature of 54.4 F, 1.1 F above normal (53.3 F). The hottest temperature was 105 F on July 28, while the coldest was 18 F on January 3. The maximum temperature of 64 F on August 30 was the lowest maximum temperature ever recorded in August, while the maximum temperature of 76 F on November 13 was the highest maximum temperature ever recorded in November. For the 12-month period, 6 months were warmer than normal and 6 were cooler than normal. 1999 was the fourth driest year on record. Precipitation totaled 3.75 inches, 60% of normal (6.26 inches); snowfall totaled 0.6 inch, the least calendar year snowfall on record (compared to the normal of 13.8 inches). 1999 was the windiest year on record with an average wind speed of 8.8 mph, 1.1 mph above normal (7.7 mph). There were 48 days with peak gust {ge} 40 mph, compared to a yearly average of 26 mph. The peak gust during the year was 65 mph on February 6. The heating-degree days for 1998--1999 were 4,802 (8% below the 5,231 normal). Cooling-degree days for 1999 were 891 (10% below the 994 normal).

  6. 1999 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book) is published annually by BPA and establishes the planning basis for supplying electricity to customers. It serves a dual purpose. First, the White Book presents projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. Second, the White Book serves as a benchmark for annual BPA determinations made pursuant to its regional power sales contracts. Specifically, BPA uses the information in the White Book for determining the notice required when customers request to increase or decrease the amount of power purchased from BPA. The White Book will not be used in calculations for the 2002 regional power sales contract subscription process. The White Book compiles information obtained from several formalized resource planning reports and data submittals, including those from the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). The White Book is not an operational planning guide, nor is it used for determining BPA revenues. Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is based on a set of criteria different from that used for resource planning decisions. Operational planning is dependent upon real-time or near-term knowledge of system conditions, including expectations of river flows and runoff, market opportunities, availability of reservoir storage, energy exchanges, and other factors affecting the dynamics of operating a power system. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a medium forecast of electricity consumption. The forecasted future electricity demands--firm loads--are subtracted from the projected capability of existing and ''contracted for'' resources to determine whether BPA and the region will be surplus or deficit. If Federal system resources are greater than loads in any particular year or month, there is a surplus of energy and/or capacity, which BPA may use or market to increase revenues. Conversely, if Federal system firm loads exceed available resources, there is a deficit of energy and/or capacity and BPA would add conservation or contract purchases as needed to meet its firm loads. The load forecast is derived by using econometric models and analysis to predict the loads that will be placed on electric utilities in the region. This study incorporates information on contract obligations and contract resources, combined with the resource capabilities obtained from public utility and investor-owned utility (IOU) customers through their annual data submittals to the PNUCC, from BPA's Firm Resource Exhibit (FRE Exhibit I) submittals, and through analysis of the Federal hydroelectric power system. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA) produced by the Pacific Northwest Coordinating Group. The PNCA defines the planning and operation of the regional hydrosystem. The 1999 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; and (2) a technical appendix (available electronically only) detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. This analysis updates the December 1998 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for Operating Years (OY) 2000-01 through 2009-10. The study shows the Federal system's and the region's monthly estimated maximum electricity demand, monthly energy demand, monthly energy generation, and monthly maximum generating capability--capacity--for OY 2000-01, 2004-05, and 2009-10. The Federal system and regional monthly capacity surplus/deficit projections are summarized for 10 operating years. This document analyzes the Pacific Northwest's projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for wh

  7. 18 th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 --29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    18 th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 -- 29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico System Configuration A ~ 600 gram TFTR limiter tile (Fig. 1.) which

  8. IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    18 th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 ­ 29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico measured from tiles collected from a similar location in the TFTR vacuum

  9. IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    18 th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 ­ 29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico System Configuration A ~ 600 gram TFTR limiter tile (Fig. 1.) which

  10. 18 th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 --29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    18 th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering October 25 -- 29, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico measured from tiles collected from a similar location in the TFTR vacuum

  11. Z .Lithos 48 1999 153170 The evolution of continental roots in numerical thermo-chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Z .Lithos 48 1999 153­170 The evolution of continental roots in numerical thermo-chemical mantle by a thick depleted root. q 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Thermo

  12. Workshop on Intelligent Techniques for Spatio-Temporal Data Analysis in Environmental Applications, Chania, Greece, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    , Chania, Greece, 1999 1 INTELLIGENT FUSION OF MULTISOURCE DATA FOR SEA ICE CLASSIFICATION Costas, Greece, 1999 2 2. SEGMENTATION OF THE SAR IMAGE ARKTOS receives RADARSAT images from many of the ground

  13. Copyright 1999 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London,England)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright 1999 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London,England) May 5, 1999, Wednesday LONDON EDITION 1 SECTION: COMMENT & ANALYSIS; Pg. 24 HEADLINE: A cure for indifference PERSONAL VIEW

  14. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 20, PAGES 3205-3208, OCTOBER 15, 1999 SubmillisecondResolutionLightning Currents and Sprite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummer, Steven A.

    GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 20, PAGES 3205-3208, OCTOBER 15, 1999 Submillisecond spriteemissionsdependsstrongly Copyright1999bytheAmericanGeophysicalUnion. Papernumber1999GL003635. 0094-8276/99/1999GL003635505

  15. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 14, PAGES 2073-2076, JULY 15, 1999 The lastspreadingepisodeof the WestPhilippineBasinrevisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 14, PAGES 2073-2076, JULY 15, 1999 Copyright1999bytheAmericanGeophysicalUnion. Papernumber1999GL900448. 0094-8276/99/1999GL900448505.00 pass

  16. Direct Energy Conversion Fission Reactor for the period December 1, 1999 through February 29, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, L.C.

    2000-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK B135 Direct Energy Conversion Fission Reactor for the period December 1, 1999 through February 29, 2000

  17. Program Overview: The Texas LoanSTAR Program; 1989-October 1999, A 10-Year Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; O'Neal, D. L.; Haberl, J. S.; Heffington, W. M.; Taylor, D.; Sifuentes, T.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and began in 1989. This paper summarizes the program dollar savings and environmental impact from its inception through October 1999....

  18. Bibliography Allen, G., Gotthelf, E. V., & Petre, R. 1999, in Proceedings of the 26th International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 1994, Astrophys. J., 436, 239 Dewey, D. 1999, PSF Studies: Encircled Energy Curves, http://asc.harvard.edu/cal/Hrma

  19. Program Overview: The Texas LoanSTAR Program; 1989-October 1999, A 10-Year Experience 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; O'Neal, D. L.; Haberl, J. S.; Heffington, W. M.; Taylor, D.; Sifuentes, T.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and began in 1989. This paper summarizes the program dollar savings and environmental impact from its inception through October 1999....

  20. Type IIP supernovae as cosmological probes: A SEAM distance to SN 1999em

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baron, E.; Nugent, Peter E.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Type IIP Supernovae as Cosmological Probes: A SEAM Distanceintrinsic brightness, supernovae make excellent cosmologicalstars: atmospheres — supernovae: 1999em Distances from

  1. Johnson & Shapiro Says Who? July 31, 1999 Says Who?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Stuart C.

    into Belief Revision1 CSE Technical Report 99-08 Frances L. Johnson and Stuart C. Shapiro Department, 1999 Abstract We discuss some belief revision theories and the implementation of some of them in SNeBR, the belief revision subsystem of the SNePS knowledge representation and reasoning system. The following

  2. Johnson & Shapiro Says Who? July 31, 1999 Says Who? --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Stuart C.

    into Belief Revision 1 CSE Technical Report 99­08 Frances L. Johnson and Stuart C. Shapiro Department, 1999 Abstract We discuss some belief revision theories and the implementation of some of them in SNeBR, the belief revision subsystem of the SNePS knowledge representation and reasoning system. The following

  3. Kees Zwaan (1928 1999) and JOSO Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    Kees Zwaan (1928 ­ 1999) and JOSO Rob Rutten Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht Kees (officially' lifelong colleague at Utrecht, I miss him deeply. I am certain that this feeling is shared by many others because Kees inspired and befriended an unusually large number of scientists, both in and outside Utrecht

  4. Arbeitspapiere des SFB 340 Bericht Nr. 132, September 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Arbeitspapiere des SFB 340 Bericht Nr. 132, September 1999 AN RSRL FORMALIZATION OF SERBO-CROATIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 2. Clitic Placement in Serbo-Croatian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178. Such is the case in Serbo-Croatian where prosodic constituency plays a role on a par with syntactic constituency

  5. Eur. Phys. J. D 6, 8387 (1999) THE EUROPEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisica Springer-Verlag 1999 Dependence of cluster ion emission from uranium oxide surfaces on the charge for highly charged ion sputtering have been measured for a uranium oxide target for Xe44+ , Au63.46.+w Clusters, nanoparticles, and nanocrystalline materials ­ 82.65.-i Surface and interface chemistry

  6. Determining the People Capacity of a Structure May 7, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchener, W. Garrett

    sustaining injury? Another important issue is that of comfort: how many people can be #12;t in a room, during, in an overcrowded room, might leave many people injured in the rush to exit whether or not the threat is realTeam 243 Determining the People Capacity of a Structure Team 243 May 7, 1999 1 Introduction

  7. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management Vol. 1, No. 1, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Stephen C.

    50 Manufacturing & Service Operations Management Vol. 1, No. 1, 1999 1523 policy we characterize the inventory random variable and use this to find the safety stock requirements, inventory managers often rely on forecasts based on a time series of prior demand, such as a weighted moving

  8. Air Emission Inventory for the INEEL -- 1999 Emission Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zohner, Steven K

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the 1999 calendar year update of the Air Emission Inventory for the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The INEEL Air Emission Inventory documents sources and emissions of nonradionuclide pollutants from operations at the INEEL. The report describes the emission inventory process and all of the sources at the INEEL, and provides nonradionuclide emissions estimates for stationary sources.

  9. Proceedings of the 1999 Workshop on Biocriteria: Framework and Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the EPRI Biocriteria Workshop, held in Jackson Hole, Wyoming in June 1999, was to give participants a thorough understanding of bioassessment and biocriteria and knowledge of how they can use bioassessment for issues facing them. Participants discussed the implications of regulatory implementation of biocriteria and produced a set of consensus recommendations on policy and future research.

  10. Lait (1999) 79, 317-330 InralElsevier, Paris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /formic acids, and those with high acetic, orotic, pyruvic and citric acid contents. Profiling the fatty acidLait (1999) 79, 317-330 © InralElsevier, Paris 317 Original article Kishk - a dried fermented milklcereal mixture. 1. Composition of gross components, carbohydrates, organic acids and fatty acids Adnan Y

  11. Climate Change 1999 -~$10/b 2008 -~$147/b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) will not meet the demand. Peak Oil has occurred or will occur soon. Why? existing oil fields are declining at ~5Peak Oil and Climate Change 1999 - ~$10/b 2008 - ~$147/b James W. Murray School of Oceanography suggesting that we are reaching the time when the supply of fossil fuel energy (oil + gas + coal

  12. NARSTO QSMP VERSION 1.0 September 30, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;NARSTO QSMP VERSION 1.0 September 30, 1999 ORNL/CDIAC-110 NARSTO Quality Systems Management ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The NARSTO Management Coordination Office and the Quality Systems Science Center wish to thank the members of the former Committee on Quality Systems and Data Management for their contributions

  13. Characterizing A MediaEnhanced Classroom Server November 4, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chervenak, Ann

    Characterizing A Media­Enhanced Classroom Server November 4, 1999 Abstract Media­enhanced classrooms are changing the way we teach and learn. Servers for such applications differ from a typical web server in the nature and geographic spread of the user community and the type of information accessed

  14. TIN--1999 78.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of primary metal consumed domestically was about $310 million. Industry stocks remained steady (tables 2 secondary tin was produced from various scrapped alloys of tin and recycled in those same alloy industries. In 1999, however, tin metal recovered from new tinplate scrap and used tin cans was the only type

  15. Water Quality Modeling, CEGR 6141 Spring 1999, Bowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    PM, Wednesday, April 28, 1999 · no discussion of test problems allowed 1. Eutrophication Prediction a) in Kitsap County, Washington (a suburb of Seattle). The lake is experiencing eutrophication problems. Several eutrophication control measures have been proposed, as follows: 1. requiring 50 ft. "natural

  16. Reprinted from Nuclear Physics A654 (1999) 436~457~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the reactor core is the main problem of managing nuclear reactors: it requires unconditional guarantee to handle decay heat in the reactor core and finally it makes handling and/or disposal of spent fuel almostReprinted from YSICS A Nuclear Physics A654 (1999) 436~457~ www.eIsevier.nl/locate/npe Accelerator

  17. SECTION 593 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 593 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO MODEL AGREEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION ASSISTANCE to non-Federal interests in central New Mexico pursuant to Section 593 of the Water Resources Development of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). #12;

  18. SECTION 593 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 593 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED CENTRAL NEW MEXICO MODEL AGREEMENT FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in central New Mexico pursuant to Section 593 of the Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). Compliance with all applicable environmental laws and regulations

  19. Annual Fish Population Surveys of Lewis and Clark Lake, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nearly the same as 1998, but preferred-length fish were more abundant in the sample. Smallmouth bass/ " 202. -F SOUTH DAKOTA c ) Annual Fish Population Surveys of Lewis and Clark Lake, 1999 Department of Game, Fish and Parks Wildlife Division Joe Foss Building Pierre, South Dakota 57501-3182 o o

  20. The New Mexico Botanist Issue No. 11, May 21, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    The New Mexico Botanist Issue No. 11, May 21, 1999 · Solidago in New Mexico · Botanical Literature of Interest · Penstemon pulchellus in New Mexico? · New Plant Distribution Records New Mexico Solidagos, Mexico, and the Northern Rockies. However, within New Mexico, special and isolated environments may

  1. FY 1999 annual work plan for infrastructure program WBS 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donley, C.D.

    1998-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 DynCorp Annual Work Plan (AWP) relates DOE-RL work breakdown structure (WBS) to Cost Accounts and to Organizational Structure. Each Cost Account includes a workscope narrative and justification performance and service standards, goals, and deliverables. Basis of estimates are included within each Cost Account to demonstrate the relationship of budget to defined workscope. The FY 1999 AWP reflects the planning assumptions and initiatives that are included in the PHMC Strategic Plan for Infrastructure Optimization which was established in FY 1998. Development of the FY 1999 AWP was in accordance with a sequential series of events and efforts described in the Infrastructure Annual Work Planning and Budget Cycle which was developed and established in conjunction with the Strategic Plan. The Strategic Plan covers a rolling five year span of time and is updated at the start of each fiscal year as the beginning of the annual work planning and budget cycle for the following fiscal year. Accordingly the planning for the FY 1999 AWP began in January 1998. Also included in the annual work planning and budget cycle, and the basis for the budget in this AWP, is the development of a requirements-based budget.

  2. Analise Matematica III semestre de 1999/2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunes, João Pimentel

    An´alise Matem´atica III 2o semestre de 1999/2000 Exerc´icio resolvido 11 O funcionamento de uma co resultados deste exerc´icio na constru¸c~ao (eventual) de co-inceneradoras reais. 1 #12;

  3. Ris-R-1161(EN) Annual Progress Report for 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and consultancy assistance on wind turbine technology and the exploitation of wind energy, as well as to mapRisø-R-1161(EN) Annual Progress Report for 1999 Wind Energy and Atmospheric Physics Department The report describes the work of the Wind Energy and Atmospheric Physics Department at Risø National

  4. ORNL/TM-1999/157 ENERGY DIVISION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORNL/TM-1999/157 ENERGY DIVISION Aluminum R&D for Automotive Uses And the Department of Energy .............................................................................................. 6 3. ROLE OF ALUMINUM IN FUTURE AUTOMOTIVE USES........................................... 7 4. COST's Role S.W. Hadley S. Das J.W. Miller March 2000 Prepared for the Office of Advanced Automotive

  5. 1999 Macmillan Magazines Ltd well-established techniques for mani-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    in a vacuum. Two decades later the new field of mesoscopic physics arose, in which pieces of metal evaporated a normal metal film onto a two-micrometre-thick insulating fibre they found exactly this behaviour by transis- tors, solid-state lasers and flat-panel dis- news and views NATURE|VOL397|25FEBRUARY1999|www

  6. Lighting Research Group FinalReportOctober1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lighting Research Group FinalReportOctober1999 Lighting Recommendations for the Social Security Administration Frank Hagel Federal Building in Richmond CA #12;Final Report Lighting Recommendations to improve the lighting quality and energy efficiency of the lighting system at the Social Security

  7. The Desert Environment January 26, 1999 1 The Desert Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiss, Steven P.

    The Desert Environment January 26, 1999 1 The Desert Environment Revised Paper Steven P. Reiss1@cs.brown.edu Abstract The Desert software engineering environment is a suite of tools developed to enhance pro- grammer virtual files on demand to address specific tasks. All this is done in an open and extensible environment

  8. TITANIUM--1999 79.1 By Joseph Gambogi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TITANIUM--1999 79.1 TITANIUM By Joseph Gambogi Domestic survey data and tables were prepared, international data coordinator. Titanium is present in most rocks and soil and is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust. In nature, titanium is not found in its metallic form but occurs in many

  9. Brain (1999), 122, 839854 Electrophysiological manifestations of open-and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Brain (1999), 122, 839­854 Electrophysiological manifestations of open- and closed-class words in patients with Broca's aphasia with agrammatic comprehension An event-related brain potential study Mariken-related brain potentials were recorded from the scalp when Broca patients and non- aphasic control subjects were

  10. ZINC--1999 85.1 By Jozef Plachy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the opening of the Red Dog Mine in 1989, U.S. mine production greatly exceeded smelter capacity (table 6 by the Red Dog Mine, was trucked to the Trail smelter in Canada; the remaining two-thirds went mainly concentrate, by the three primary smelters increased by about 3% (tables 4, 6). In 1999, apparent consumption

  11. FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999 After completion of all deliverables required under a fixed-price award, after costs in fulfilling the requirements of the award have been of the University. The request will be approved if the project is consistent with broader University priorities

  12. Okanogan Focus Watershed Salmon Creek : Annual Report 1999.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyman, Hilary

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During FY 1999 the Colville Tribes and the Okanogan Irrigation District (OID) agreed to study the feasibility of restoring and enhancing anadromous fish populations in Salmon Creek while maintaining the ability of the district to continue full water service delivery to it members.

  13. February 1999 No. 99-2 Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Wetlands Program February 1999 No. 99-2 Technical Report Summary The permitted impacts to tidal- ways been hampered by the lack of knowledge regarding the rates of wetlands loss from per- mitted which documents tidal wetland losses in Virginia will pro- vide a number of new perspectives on the man

  14. October 1999, 2007 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Some additional topics in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    1 October 1999, 2007 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Some additional topics in numerical integration This set integration -- Matlab's integration software October 1999, 2007 Dianne P. O'Leary 2 Adaptive integration". easy easy hard easy very hard f(t) October 1999, 2007 Dianne P. O'Leary 3 Non-Adaptive integration

  15. September 1999 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Examples of polynomial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    1 September 1999 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Examples of polynomial interpolation For simplicity, we polynomial using the Newton basis. September 1999 Dianne P. O'Leary 2 Formulas Given the four conditions (z01,...,zk])/(z0-zk) . September 1999 Dianne P. O'Leary 3 Example: Suppose that we want p(1) = -5 z0

  16. Paper presented at the International Society of Logistics (SOLE) 1999 Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, August 30 September 2, 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , August 30 ­ September 2, 1999. 1 Gas Turbine Engine Health Monitoring and Prognostics Frank L. Greitzer--A prototype health monitoring and prognostic system for the gas turbine engine on the US Army M1 Abrams tank is discussed. Comprising a set of sensors mounted on the turbine engine, a data acquisition system

  17. Paper presented at the International Society of Logistics (SOLE) 1999 Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, August 30 September 2, 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from particu- late contamination or molecular breakdown of the oil. Laboratory analysis of lubricating oils has been an indispensable prognostic tool in assessing the condition of lubrication fluids, August 30 ­ September 2, 1999. 1 Development of a Modular In-Situ Oil Analysis Prognostic System Bary W

  18. Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peszynska, Malgorzata

    Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers

  19. Development of Highly Selective Oxidation Catalysts by Atomic Layer Deposition

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This factsheet describes a research project whose goal is to use Atomic Layer Deposition to construct nanostructured catalysts to improve the effectiveness of oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes. More effective catalysts could enable higher specific conversion rates and result in drastic energy savings - up to 25 trillion Btu per year by 2020.

  20. New Technology Provides Cost-Effective Emissions Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reciprocating engines have been the preferred prime mover for combined heat and power (CHP-500-2010-FS-020RDD 129 REV. 7/1/11 levels, based on laboratory tests and field data tons (MMT) and natural gas consumption of 23 trillion BTU in 2029. The California

  1. Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Food Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, N.; Milmoe, P. H.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The food processing industry is the fourth largest consumer of energy in the US industrial sector. Food processors use nearly 1,200 trillion Btu of energy per year. The industry is comprised of more than 21,000 processing plants. Total production...

  2. Technical Direction and Laboratories FY 1999 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CRAWFORD, B.A.

    2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report summarize achievements and list reports issued by members of TD&L, NHC group during Fiscal Year (FY) 1999, (October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999). This report, issued by this organization, describes work in support of the Hanford Site and other U S . Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) programs. It includes information on the organization make-up, interfaces, and mission of the group. The TD&L is a group of highly qualified personnel with diverse disciplines (primarily chemistry specialties) that provide process, analytical, and in-situ chemistry services to engineering customers. This year of operation and interfaces with other contract organizations consumed considerable administrative efforts. Attention was directed to the technical challenges presented by the changing roles, responsibilities, and priorities of Hanford programs.

  3. Sanitary Landfill Groundwater Monitoring Report (Data Only) - First Quarter 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, J.

    1999-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains analytical data for samples taken during First Quarter 1999 from wells of the LFW series located at the Sanitary Landfill at the Savannah River Site (SRS). This report presents monitoring results that equaled or exceeded the Safe Drinking Water Act final Primary Drinking Water Standards or screening levels, established by the U.S. Environmental Proteciton Agency, the South Carolina final Primary Drinking Water Standard for lead, or the SRS flagging criteria.

  4. Analise Matematica III semestre de 1999/2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granja, Gustavo

    An´alise Matem´atica III 1o semestre de 1999/2000 Exerc´icio teste 7 Mostre que existe uma vizinhan resolvido para u e v como fun¸c~oes de x e y. Calcule a derivada u x (1, 1). Solu¸c~ao: Consideremos a fun teorema da fun¸c~ao impl´icita, em alguma vizinhan¸ca de (1, 1, 1, 1), o sistema pode ser resolvido em

  5. Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program Fiscal Year 1999 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cathy A. Wills

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ecological and Compliance program, funded through the U. S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, monitors the ecosystem of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and ensures compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to NTS biota. This report summarizes the program's activities conducted by Bechtel Nevada during fiscal year 1999. Program activities included: (1) biological surveys at proposed construction sites (2) desert tortoise compliance (3) ecosystem mapping (4) sensitive species and unique habitat monitoring and (5) biological monitoring at the HAZMAT Spill Center.

  6. MAY 1999 661M A T T H E W S A N D K I L A D I S 1999 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    MAY 1999 661M A T T H E W S A N D K I L A D I S 1999 American Meteorological Society The Tropical with enhanced convection over the East Indian Ocean and Indonesia, and suppressed convection over the South and forms an integral part of the slowly varying diabatic heating field of the MJO. In the opposite phase

  7. The Plant Cell, Vol. 11, 14451456, August 1999, www.plantcell.org 1999 American Society of Plant Physiologists Light QualityDependent Nuclear Import of the Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schäfer, Eberhard

    Physiologists Light Quality­Dependent Nuclear Import of the Plant Photoreceptors Phytochrome A and B StefanThe Plant Cell, Vol. 11, 1445­1456, August 1999, www.plantcell.org © 1999 American Society of Plant Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Center, P.O. Box 521, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary The phytochrome

  8. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version REVIEW Energy balance and cancers M overweight, have been recognized as risk factors for the development of cancers. Human epidemiological

  9. Reprintedfrom theJournal of Environmental Quality Volume 28, no. 1, Jan.-Feb. 1999.Copyright0 1999,ASA, CSSA, SSSA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    Reprintedfrom theJournal of Environmental Quality Volume 28, no. 1, Jan.-Feb. 1999.Copyright0 1999 significantly greater impacts than Ash 2 and sludge. Soil columns under alkaline leaching of Ash 1appeared, which are derived from bark or coal burned for energy. Secondary sludge is produced in aeration basins

  10. The 1999 Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, New Mexico State University, Aug. 1999 Random-Process Formulation of Computationally Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderbei, Robert J.

    The 1999 Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, New Mexico State University, Aug. 1999 Random formulation of design con- straints in such an optimization setting and illustrates the concepts through dimensions of an approach developed earlier for the design of FIR digital filters in one dimension [4

  11. Climate Dynamics (1999) 15:773}793 Springer-Verlag 1999 M. Kageyama' F. D:Andrea ' G. Ramstein' P. J. Valdes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Andrea, Fabio

    Climate Dynamics (1999) 15:773}793 Springer-Verlag 1999 M. Kageyama' F. D:Andrea ' G. Ramstein' P. J. Valdes R. Vautard Weather regimes in past climate atmospheric general circulation model of the Atlantic M. Kageyama ( ) ) G. Ramstein Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, CE Saclay

  12. Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 SPE Annual Technical Conference and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Backe, Knut

    at the 1999 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition held in Houston, Texas, 3­6 October 1999 and gained experience. We found that conductivity as a function of time for each slurry exhibits and the procedures for testing them are described in the API specifications,1 which include rheology, gel strength

  13. Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 13711393 www.elsevier.com/locate/anucene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 1371±1393 www.elsevier.com/locate/anucene 0306-4549/99/$ - see�zsit V. Arzhanov / Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 1371±1393 #12;I. Pa�zsit V. Arzhanov / Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 1371±1393 1373 #12;1374 I. Pa�zsit V. Arzhanov / Annals of Nuclear Energy 26

  14. OCRWM annual report to Congress FY 1999 [USDOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During Fiscal Year 1999, the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) continued to make significant progress in its characterization of the Yucca Mountain, Nevada, candidate geologic repository site. Although OCRWM's appropriation for Fiscal Year 1999 was lower than requested, the Program accomplished all three success measures in the Secretary's Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Agreement with the President and completed important work in many other areas. This Annual Report reviews this work and looks toward future activities.

  15. Hanford Site Groundwater Monitoring for Fiscal Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MJ Hartman; LF Morasch; WD Webber

    2000-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of groundwater and vadose zone monitoring and remediation for fiscal year 1999 on the US. Department of Energy's Hanford Site, Washington. Water-level monitoring was performed to evaluate groundwater flow directions, to track changes in water levels, and to relate such changes to evolving disposal practices. Measurements for site-wide maps were conducted in June in past years and are now measured in March to reflect conditions that are closer to average. Water levels over most of the Hanford Site continued to decline between June 1998 and March 1999. The most widespread radiological contaminant plumes in groundwater were tritium and iodine-129. Concentrations of carbon-14, strontium-90, technetium-99, and uranium also exceeded drinking water standards in smaller plumes. Cesium-137 and plutonium exceeded standards only near the 216-B-5 injection well. Derived concentration guide levels specified in US Department of Energy Order 5400.5 were exceeded for plutonium, strontium-90, tritium, and uranium in small plumes or single wells. Nitrate and carbon tetrachloride are the most extensive chemical contaminants. Chloroform, chromium, cis-1,2dichloroethylene, cyanide, fluoride, and trichloroethylene also were present in smaller areas at levels above their maximum contaminant levels. Metals such as aluminum, cadmium, iron, manganese, and nickel exceeded their maximum contaminant levels in filtered samples from numerous wells; however, in most cases, they are believed to represent natural components of groundwater. ''Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976'' groundwater monitoring continued at 25 waste management areas during fiscal year 1999: 16 under detection programs and data indicate that they are not adversely affecting groundwater; 6 under interim status groundwater quality assessment programs to assess contamination; and 2 under final status corrective-action programs. Another site, the 120-D-1 ponds, was clean closed in fiscal year 1999, and monitoring is no longer required. Groundwater remediation in the 100 Areas continued with the goal of reducing the amount of chromium (100 K, D, and H) and strontium-90 (100 N) reaching the Columbia River. The objective of two remediation systems in the 200 West Area is to prevent the spread of carbon tetrachloride and technetium-99/uranium plumes. Groundwater monitoring continued at these sites and at other sites where there is no active remediation. Subsurface source characterization and vadose zone monitoring, soil-vapor monitoring, sediment sampling and characterization, and vadose zone remediation were conducted in fiscal year 1999. Baseline spectral gamma-ray logging at two single-shell tank farms was completed, and logging of zones at tank farms with the highest count rate was initiated. Spectral gamma-ray logging also occurred at specific retention facilities in the 200 East Area. These facilities are some of the most significant potential sources of remaining vadose zone contamination. Finally, remediation and monitoring of carbon tetradoride in the 200 West Area continued, with an additional 972 kilograms of carbon tetrachloride removed from the vadose zone in fiscal year 1999.

  16. Raymond A. Silverman, ed. Ethiopia: Traditions of Creativity. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemma, Azeb

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Raymond A. , ed. , Ethiopia Traditions of Creativity (Washington Press, 1999). Ethiopia: Traditions of Creativity,on artists and artisans in Ethiopia. This research venture

  17. Type A Accident Investigation Board Report on the April 19, 1999...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Special Agent Fatality at the Southeast Courier Section, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Type A Accident Investigation Board Report on the April 19, 1999, Special Agent Fatality at the...

  18. Sanitary landfill groundwater monitoring report, Third Quarter 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, J.

    1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains analytical data for samples taken during Third Quarter 1999 from wells of the LFW series located at the Sanitary Landfill at the Savannah River Site. The data are submitted in reference to the Sanitary Landfill Operating Permit. The report presents monitoring results that equaled or exceeded the Safe Drinking Water Act final Primary Drinking Water Standards or screening levels, established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the South Carolina final Primary Drinking Water Standard for lead, or the SRS flagging criteria.

  19. Sanitary Landfill Groundwater Monitoring Report, Second Quarter 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, J.

    1999-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains analytical data for samples taken during Second Quarter 1999 from wells of the LFW series located at the Sanitary Landfill at the Savannah River Site. The data are submitted in reference to the Sanitary Landfill Operating Permit. The report presents monitoring results that equaled or exceeded the Safe Drinking Water Act final Primary Drinking Water Standards or screening levels, established by the US Environmental Protection Agency, the South Carolina final Primary Drinking Water Standard for lead, or the SRS flagging criteria.

  20. Save with Solar, Fall 1999, Vol.2, No.2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1999-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the second issue of the second volume (Fall 1999) of a quarterly bulletin produced under the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). It's intended for Federal solar energy champions, i.e., all those who are planning or working on projects in which solar and other renewable energy technologies are being installed in Federal government facilities. Contents include articles describing the implications of Executive Order 13123 for Federal renewable energy installations, and recent solar energy projects of the Departments of Defense and the Interior, the General Services Administration, and the U.S. Postal Service.

  1. West Valley Demonstration Project site environmental report, calendar year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None Available

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report represents a single, comprehensive source of off-site and on-site environmental monitoring data collected during 1999 by environmental monitoring personnel for the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP), West Valley, New York. The environmental monitoring program and results are discussed in the body of this report. The monitoring data are presented in the appendices. The data collected provide an historical record of radionuclide and radiation levels from natural and manmade sources in the survey area and document the quality of the groundwater on and around the WVDP and the quality of the air and water discharged by the WVDP.

  2. Technical Standards Newsletter - October 1999 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon |1999 Technical Standards Newsletter -

  3. June 11, 1999: National Ignition Facility | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas » MethaneJohnson ControlsJoyce Yang About1, 1999: National

  4. Fiscal year 1999 Battelle performance evaluation and fee agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DAVIS, T.L.

    1998-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiscal Year 1999 represents the third fill year utilizing a results-oriented, performance-based evaluation for the Contractor's operations and management of the DOE Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (here after referred to as the Laboratory). However, this is the first year that the Contractor's fee is totally performance-based utilizing the same Critical Outcomes. This document describes the critical outcomes, objectives, performance indicators, expected levels of performance, and the basis for the evaluation of the Contractor's performance for the period October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999, as required by Clauses entitled ''Use of Objective Standards of Performance, Self Assessment and Performance Evaluation'' and ''Performance Measures Review'' of the Contract DE-ACO6-76RL01830. Furthermore, it documents the distribution of the total available performance-based fee and the methodology set for determining the amount of fee earned by the Contractor as stipulated within the causes entitled ''Estimated Cost and Annual Fee,'' ''Total Available Fee'' and ''Allowable Costs and Fee.'' In partnership with the Contractor and other key customers, the Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters (HQ) and Richland Operations Office (RL) has defined four critical outcomes that serve as the core for the Contractor's performance-based evaluation and fee determination. The Contractor also utilizes these outcomes as a basis for overall management of the Laboratory.

  5. 1999 INEEL National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. W. Tkachyk

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1999. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1999, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  6. Hanford Radiological Protection Support Services Annual Report for 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TP Lynch; DE Bihl; ML Johnson; MA MacLellan; RK Piper

    2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    During calendar year (CY) 1999, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) performed its customary radiological protection support services in support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office (RL) and the Hanford contractors. These services included: (1) external dosimetry, (2) internal dosimetry, (3) in vivo measurements, (4) radiological records, (5) instrument calibration and evaluation, and (6) calibration of radiation sources traceable to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The services were provided under a number of programs as summarized here. Along with providing site-wide nuclear accident and environmental dosimetry capabilities, the Hanford External Dosimetry Program (HEDP) supports Hanford radiation protection programs by providing external radiation monitoring capabilities for all Hanford workers and visitors to help ensure their health and safety. Processing volumes decreased in CY 1999 relative to prior years for all types of dosimeters, with an overall decrease of 19%. During 1999, the HEDP passed the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) performance testing criteria in 15 different categories. HEDP computers and processors were tested and upgraded to become Year 2000 (Y2K) compliant. Several changes and improvements were made to enhance the interpretation of dosimeter results. The Hanford Internal Dosimetry Program (HIDP) provides for the assessment and documentation of occupational dose from intakes of radionuclides at the Hanford Site. Performance problems carried over from CY 1998 continued to plague the in vitro bioassay contractor. A new contract was awarded for the in vitro bioassay program. A new computer system was put into routine operation by the in vivo bioassay program. Several changes to HIDP protocols were made that were related to bioassay grace periods, using field data to characterize the amount of alpha activity present and using a new default particle size. The number of incidents and high routine investigations that required follow-up were lower compared with 1998. Also, the number of excreta analyses performed decreased compared with CY 1998. The In Vivo Monitoring Program for Hanford (formerly the Hanford Whole Body Counting Project) provides the in vivo counting services for Hanford Site radiation workers. New computer hardware and software were put into routine operation to acquire, analyze, and store the measurement data. The technical procedures were revamped to reflect operational changes implemented with the new computer system. The U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP) accreditation was extended to include two additional categories. New detectors were purchased for wound counting applications. The 8,085 in vivo measurements performed in 1999 represent a 2% decrease from 1998. Several high-purity germanium detectors were repaired at the In Vivo Radioassay and Research Facility, thereby saving out-of-service time and money compared with returning the detectors to the vendor. There were 11 phantom loans made through the DOE Phantom Library in 1999, including 2 international loans.

  7. Contributions to the FEL'99 Conference, August 23-28, 1999 in Hamburg, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contributions to the FEL'99 Conference, August 23-28, 1999 in Hamburg, Germany TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;Contents M. Dohlus, A. Kabel, T.Limberg DESY, Germany Coherent Effects of a Macrobunch, Germany Efficient Field Calculation of 3D Bunches on General Trajectories

  8. MED-VaL 10, Manufacturing Science and Engineering --1999 Modeling of Gear Bobbing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    Shifting, Optimization, Coatings I INTRODUCTION The lack o f a universal wear prediction method for gearMED-VaL 10, Manufacturing Science and Engineering -- 1999 ASME 1999 Modeling of Gear Bobbing Part models for gear hobbing were presented in the first pan of this paper. To determine the constants

  9. Synergy between Liquid Walls and Tokamak Physics Performance APEX Interim Report November, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Synergy between Liquid Walls and Tokamak Physics Performance APEX Interim Report November, 1999 15-1 CHAPTER 15: SYNERGISM BETWEEN LIQUID METAL WALLS, TOKAMAK PHYSICS PERFORMANCE, AND REACTOR ATTRACTIVENESS and Tokamak Physics Performance APEX Interim Report November, 1999 15-2 15. SYNERGISM BETWEEN LIQUID METAL

  10. RADIATION RESEARCH 151, 225-229 (1999) 0033-7587199 $5.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Society INTRODUCTION One of the most important issues in radiation protection is the effect of doseRADIATION RESEARCH 151, 225-229 (1999) 0033-7587199 $5.00 0 1999 by Radiation Research Society of Breast Cancer Induced by Low-LET Radiation? D. J. Brenner Centerfor Radiological Research, Columbia

  11. Z .Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 36 1999 7389 Transport of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain P17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z .Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 36 1999 73­89 Transport of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain P17�ironmental Engineering, Uni�ersity of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA d Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, Uni-7722 98 00143-0 #12;( )D.G. Jewett et al.rJournal of Contaminant Hydrology 36 1999 73­8974 the interface

  12. Result Demonstration Report Pigweed Control in Grain Sorghum Using Peak. 1996 to 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    74 78 Peak + Methylated Oil 0.75 oz + 1 pt 78 88 93 1) WAT = Weeks after treatment application. #12Result Demonstration Report Pigweed Control in Grain Sorghum Using Peak. 1996 to 1999 Brent Bean Summary Studies were conducted from 1996 to 1999 to evaluate pigweed control in grain sorghum using Peak

  13. STRENGTH AND ENERGY DEMANDS FROM THE AUGUST 1999 KOCAELI EARTHQUAKE GROUND MOTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    STRENGTH AND ENERGY DEMANDS FROM THE AUGUST 1999 KOCAELI EARTHQUAKE GROUND MOTIONS A. Sari 1 and L the demands placed on structures during earthquakes one might also employ an energy-based approach, especially such as absorbed energy (Chou and Uang, 2000) and input energy (Chapman, 1999). Understanding seismic demands

  14. 1999 -2008 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Notes for Chapter 1 of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    1 © 1999 - 2008 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Notes for Chapter 1 of Scientific Computing with Case Studies · Mathematical modeling · Computer arithmetic · Errors Dianne P. O'Leary SIAM Press, 2008 © 1999 - 2008 Dianne P. O'Leary 2 Arithmetic and Error What we need to know about error: -- how does error arise -- how

  15. 1999 -2008 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Notes for Chapter 1 of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    © 1999 - 2008 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Notes for Chapter 1 of Scientific Computing with Case Studies · Mathematical modeling · Computer arithmetic · Errors Dianne P. O'Leary SIAM Press, 2008 #12;© 1999 - 2008 Dianne P. O'Leary 2 Arithmetic and Error What we need to know about error: -- how does error arise -- how

  16. Nuclear Engineering and Design 189 (1999) 757 Lower head integrity under steam explosion loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuen, Walter W.

    Nuclear Engineering and Design 189 (1999) 7­57 Lower head integrity under steam explosion loads T Received 24 August 1998; accepted 24 November 1998 Abstract Lower head integrity under steam explosion is `physically unreasonable'. © 1999 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. Keywords: Steam explosions

  17. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN FLUIDS Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids 31: 10191033 (1999)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, Universiteit van

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ­1033 (1999) LATTICE-BOLTZMANN AND FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATIONS OF FLUID FLOW IN A SMRX STATIC MIXER REACTOR D-dimensional fluid flow simulations in an SMRX static mixer were performed. The SMRX static mixer is a piece methods. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEY WORDS: static mixer; finite element method; lattice

  18. 404 IEEE MICROWAVE AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS, VOL. 9, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1999 Using Frequency-Dependent Coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bornemann, Jens

    the resonators and using only Manuscript received June 4, 1999; revised August 4, 1999. The authors are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineer- ing, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P6 Canada

  19. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. XXX, XXX--XXX (1999) Printed 15 December 1999 (MN plain T E X macros v1.6) Development of structure in pores and sunspots: flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucklidge, Alastair

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. XXX, XXX--XXX (1999) Printed 15 December 1999 (MN plain T E X macros v1.M.Rucklidge@damtp.cam.ac.uk http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/alastair Received XXX; in original form 1999 June 16 ABSTRACT Flux

  20. JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY VOLUME 40 NUMBER 9 PAGES 13431375 1999 Peridotite Melting at 10 and 15 GPa: an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY VOLUME 40 NUMBER 9 PAGES 1343­1375 1999 Peridotite Melting at 1·0 and 1·5 GPa.falloon@utas.edu.au © Oxford University Press 1999 #12;JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY VOLUME 40 NUMBER 9 SEPTEMBER 1999 classically

  1. Federal Geothermal Research Program Update Fiscal Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessors have conducted research and development (R&D) in geothermal energy since 1971. To develop the technology needed to harness the Nation's vast geothermal resources, DOE's Office of Geothermal and Wind Technologies oversees a network of national laboratories, industrial contractors, universities, and their subcontractors. The following mission and goal statements guide the overall activities of the Office of Geothermal and Wind Technologies. This Federal Geothermal Program Research Update reviews the specific objectives, status, and accomplishments of DOE's Geothermal Program for Federal Fiscal Year (FY) 1999. The information contained in this Research Update illustrates how the mission and goals of the Office of Geothermal and Wind Technologies are reflected in each R&D activity. The Geothermal Program, from its guiding principles to the most detailed research activities, is focused on expanding the use of geothermal energy.

  2. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory environmental monitoring report, calendar year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the effluent and environmental monitoring programs at the three Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL) Sites are summarized and assessed in this report. Operations at the three KAPL Sites [Knolls Site, Niskayuna, New York; Kesselring Site, West Milton, New York; S1C Site, Windsor, Connecticut] during calendar year 1999 resulted in no significant release of hazardous substances or radioactivity to the environment. The effluent and environmental monitoring programs conducted by KAPL are designed to determine the effectiveness of treatment and control methods, to provide measurement of the concentrations in effluents for comparison with applicable standards, and to assess resultant concentrations in the environment. The monitoring programs include analyses of samples of liquid and gaseous effluents for chemical constituents and radioactivity as well as monitoring of environmental air, water, sediment, and fish. Radiation measurements are also made around the perimeter of each Site and at off-site background locations.

  3. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase I awards, 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  4. Development of a Web-Based Code-Compliant ASHRAE 90.1-1999 Commercial Simulation for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    and domestic water heater. The following example illustrates the procedures used to calculate the pre-code run (i.e., a building that is compliant with ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1989)9. In this analysis, an office building 122 ft x 122 ft (37 m x 37 m), 6...-8). For the gas-fired domestic water heater, if the rating is less than 75,000 Btu/hr (22 kW), the energy factor is determined from the NAECA requirement (NAECA, 1987): Energy Factor = 0.62 - 0.0019 x V, where V = storage capacity of the tank in gallons...

  5. Hanford Diversification and the Tri-Cities Economy FY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SCOTT, M.J.

    2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The missions of the U.S. Department of Energy's Richland Operations Office (DOE/RL) are to safely manage the Hanford Site, to manage and clean up its legacy wastes, and to develop and deploy new science and technology in the environmental and energy fields. Collectively, DOE/RL and its contractors are the most important single entity in the Tri-Cities local economy (Pasco, Kennewick, and Richland, Washington, and the surrounding area). Although the relevant economic region affected by DOE/RL and its contractors actually embraces a geographic area reaching from Yakima in the west to Walla Walla in the east and from Moses Lake in the north to Pendleton, Oregon, in the south, over 90% of economic impacts likely occur in Benton and Franklin Counties. These two counties are defined as the ''local'' Tri-Cities economy for purposes of this study. In the federal fiscal year (FY) 1999 (October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999), the total impact of DOE'S local $1.59 billion budget was felt through payrolls of $542 million and local purchases of goods and services of $226 million. The total local spending of $768 million was up slightly from the FY 1998 total of $765 million. Taking into account the multiplier effects of this spending, the DOE/RL budget sustained an estimated 32% of all local employment (28,250 out of 88,100 jobs) and about 35% of local earned income (almost $1.08 billion out of $3.08 billion). The decrease in these percentages from last year's report reflects an update of the model's economic structure based on the 1997 economic census year, a correction of a programming error in the model found during the update, and a broader definition of earnings that includes proprietor income, not just wages (see the Appendix for revisions to the previous forecasts). DOE budget increases in FY 2000 are expected to result in no change to the number of local DOE contractor jobs and about a $29 million increase in direct local spending.

  6. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 104,NO. A5, PAGES10,191-10,204,MAY 1, 1999 Global-scaleelectronprecipitationfeaturesseenin UV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummer, Steven A.

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 104,NO. A5, PAGES10,191-10,204,MAY 1, 1999 Global-MartinAdvancedTechnologyCenter,PaloAlto,California. 4GeophysicsProgram.UniversityofWashington,Seattle. 5TheAerospaceCorporation,LosAngeles,California. Copyright1999bytheAmericanGeophysicalUnion Papernumber1999JA900004. 0148-0227/99/1999JA900004509

  7. In: Advances in Modeling the Management of Stormwater Impacts, Volume 7. (Edited by W. James). Computational Hydraulics International, Guelph, Ontario and Lewis Publishers/CRC Press. 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    ). Computational Hydraulics International, Guelph, Ontario and Lewis Publishers/CRC Press. 1999. Small Storm

  8. Lowest Pressure Steam Saves More BTU's Than You Think

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallery, S. J.

    Steam is the most common and economical way of transferring heat from one location to another. But most steam systems use the header pressure steam to do the job. The savings are substantially more than just the latent heat differences between...

  9. POTENTIAL MARKETS FOR HIGH-BTU GAS FROM COAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booz, Allen, and Hamilton, Inc.,

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has become increasilngly clear that the energy-related ilemna facing this nation is both a long-term and deepening problem. A widespread recognition of the critical nature of our energy balance, or imbalance, evolved from the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The seeds of this crisis were sown in the prior decade, however, as our consumption of known energy reserves outpaced our developing of new reserves. The resultant increasing dependence on foreign energy supplies hs triggered serious fuel shortages, dramatic price increases, and a pervsive sense of unertainty and confusion throughout the country.

  10. Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilver Toyota1Resourceloading new table Home

  11. Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilver Toyota1Resourceloading new table HomeYear Jan

  12. Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilver Toyota1Resourceloading new table HomeYear

  13. Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688ElectricityLess than 200Decade Year-0YearThousand

  14. Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688ElectricityLess than 200Decade Year-0YearThousandYear Jan

  15. Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15LiquidBG 0 20Year Jan Feb Mar68 4.50

  16. Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15LiquidBG 0 20Year Jan Feb Mar68 4.50Week

  17. Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15LiquidBG 0 20Year Jan Feb Mar68

  18. Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996) inthrough 1996)Nov-14Year Jan

  19. Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996) inthrough 1996)Nov-14YearYear

  20. Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996) inthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr

  1. Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearperHOW

  2. Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearperHOWYear-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3

  3. Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:Deployment Activities Printable80 mPilotDataGlossary AWeek Of

  4. Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010 2011 2012

  5. Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010 2011

  6. Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010 2011Decade

  7. Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010

  8. Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010Decade Year-0

  9. Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010Decade

  10. Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. If youEIA-906 &Stocks

  11. Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved Reservesthrough 1996)

  12. Natural Gas Futures Contract 3 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved Reservesthrough 1996)Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 WeekYear

  13. Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved Reservesthrough 1996)Year-Month Week 1 Week 2DecadeYear

  14. Presentacin del libro "Mario Benedetti, inventario, cmplice" Alicante, 19 de mayo de 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Presentación del libro "Mario Benedetti, inventario, cómplice" Alicante, 19 de mayo de 1999 Me principal y es por eso un honor presentarlo. El libro Mario Benedetti, inventario cómplice debe servir

  15. Bulk and size-segregated aerosol composition observed during INDOEX 1999: Overview of meteorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    al., 1998; Streets and Waldhoff, 1998, 1999; Dickerson et al., 2002]. [4] The combustion of coal, oil India showed evidence of fossil fuel combustion, biomass burning, and eolian material, with elemental

  16. Council on East Asian Libraries Statistics 1998-1999 For North American Institutions [Revised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Vickie; Simpson, Fung-yin Kuo

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Council on East Asian Libraries (CEAL) 1998-1999 annual statistical data. Revised. Data collected include volumes held, volumes added gross, serials, other materials, expenditures, staffing, and user services.

  17. First-Run Smoking Presentations in U.S. Movies 1999-2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polansky, Jonathan R.; Glantz, Stanton PhD

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disney, Time Warner, and General Electric together accountedtotal 1999- 2006), General Electric (3.6 billion, 16%), and3.7 billion, 17%), General Electric (3 billion, 14%) and

  18. J. ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS, Vol. 27(3) 251-263, 1999 STREAMFLOW DEPLETION INVESTIGATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    IN THE REPUBLICAN RIVER BASIN: COLORADO, NEBRASKA, AND KANSAS JOZSEF SZILAGYI University of Nebraska Nebraska [3] (see Figure 2). 251 © 1999, Baywood Publishing Co., Inc. #12;252 / SZILAGYI Figure 2

  19. Nitrous oxide emissions 1999 to 2009 from a global atmospheric inversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, R. L.

    N[subscript 2]O surface fluxes were estimated for 1999 to 2009 using a time-dependent Bayesian inversion technique. Observations were drawn from 5 different networks, incorporating 59 surface sites and a number of ship-based ...

  20. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 of the Water Resources

  1. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595

  2. Rigollier C., Wald L., 1999. The HelioClim Project: from satellite images to solar radiation maps. In Proceedings of the ISES Solar World Congress 1999, Jerusalem, Israel, July 4-9, 1999, volume I, pp 427-431.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rigollier C., Wald L., 1999. The HelioClim Project: from satellite images to solar radiation maps-431. THE HELIOCLIM PROJECT: FROM SATELLITE IMAGES TO SOLAR RADIATION MAPS C. Rigollier, L. Wald Ecole des Mines de such a climatological database of solar radiation, images of the visible channel of the series of Meteosat

  3. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1303 30 June 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1303 30 June 1999 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG8) Coding of Still: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener - Dr. Daniel T. Lee Hewlett-Packard Company, 11000 Wolfe Road, MS42U_Lee@hp.com 1 #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1303 30 June 1999 Core Experiment Description/Results Summary

  4. 1999,2001 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 An Example of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    1 1999,2001 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 An Example of Gauss Elimination Original matrix: 4 4 8 2 8 7 1 3 6 1999,2001 Dianne P. O'Leary 2 An Example of Gauss Elimination 4 4 8 2 8 7 1 3 6 4 4 8 0 6 3 0 2 4. O'Leary 3 An Example of Gauss Elimination Current matrix: Step 2: Put zeros in second column -1/3 II

  5. Annual site environmental report for calendar year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2000-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Many State and Federal environmental protection laws and regulations apply to Western. Western facilities are within the jurisdiction of six Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regions and 17 states. Western's environmental policy statement directs employees to prevent, control, and abate environmental pollution at their facilities, and when possible, enhance the environment. To help assure conformance with all regulatory requirements, and to achieve its pollution prevention goals and objectives, Western is developing an Environmental Management System (EMS). One of the major regulatory impacts on Western continues to be the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) that regulates the use of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Western's policy is to eliminate PCBs from its system wherever economically and operationally possible. This will lessen the impact of PCB regulations on operations and the impact of PCBs on the environment. Executive Order 12856 requires Federal Agencies to comply with the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA). As with other DOE elements, Western has been complying with EPCRA since before the Executive Order was issued. To summarize, in 1999, Western's Regional offices implemented programs to notify State and local emergency response entities in accordance with Section 311 and 312 of EPCRA. Chemical inventories indicate that Western does not manufacture, process, or otherwise use reportable quantities of EPCRA Section 313 chemicals so Toxic Release reports were not required.

  6. Sandia National Laboratories Institutional Plan: FY 1999-2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garber, D.P.

    1999-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This Institutional Plan is the most comprehensive yearly "snapshot" available of Sandia National Laboratories' major programs, facilities, human resources, and budget. The document also includes overviews of our missions, organization, capabilities, planning functions, milestones, and accomplishments. The document's purpose is to provide the above information to the US Department of Energy, key congressional committees, Sandia management, and other present and potential customers. Chapter 2 presents information about Sandia's mission and summarizes our recent revision of Sandia's Strategic Plan. Chapter 3 presents an overview of Sandia's strategic objectives, chapter 4 lists laboratory goals and milestones for FY 1999, and chapter 5 presents our accomplishments during FY 1998. Chapters 3 through 5 are organized around our eight strategic objectives. The four primary objectives cover nuclear weapons responsibilities, nonproliferation and materials control, energy and critical infrastructures, and emerging national security threats. The major programmatic initiatives are presented in chapter 7. However, the programmatic descriptions in chapter 6 and the Associated funding tables in chapter 9 continue to be presented by DOE Budget and Reporting Code, as in previous Sandia institutional plans. As an aid to the reader, the four primary strategic objectives in chapter 3 are cross-referenced to the program information in chapter 6.

  7. 1999 vadose zone monitoring plan and guidance for subsequent years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton, D.G.; Reidel, S.P.; Last, G.V.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy`s Hanford Site has the most diverse and largest amounts of radioactive waste in the US. The majority of the liquid waste was disposed to the soil column where much of it remains today. This document provides the rationale and general framework for vadose zone monitoring at cribs, ditches, trenches and other disposal facilities to detect new sources of contamination and track the movement of existing contamination in the vadose zone for the protection of groundwater. The document provides guidance for subsequent site-specific vadose zone monitoring plans and includes a brief description of past vadose monitoring activities (Chapter 3); the results of the Data Quality Objective process used for this plan (Chapter 4); a prioritization of liquid waste disposal sites for vadose monitoring (Chapter 5 and Appendix B); a general Monitoring and Analysis Plan (Chapter 6); a general Quality Assurance Project Plan (Appendix A), and a description of vadose monitoring activities planned for FY 1999 (Appendix C).

  8. First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DC Hartshorn; SP Reidel; AC Rohay

    1999-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Hanford Seismic Monitoring provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network (HSN) for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. They also locate and identify sources of seismic activity and monitors changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management Natural Phenomena Hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the seismic monitoring organization works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The HSN and the Eastern Washington Regional Network (EWRN) consists of 42 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Monitoring staff. The operational rate for the first quarter of FY99 for stations in the HSN was 99.8%. There were 121 triggers during the first quarter of fiscal year 1999. Fourteen triggers were local earthquakes; seven (50%) were in the Columbia River Basalt Group, no earthquakes occurred in the pre-basalt sediments, and seven (50%) were in the crystalline basement. One earthquake (7%) occurred near or along the Horn Rapids anticline, seven earthquakes (50%) occurred in a known swarm area, and six earthquakes (43%) were random occurrences. No earthquakes triggered the Hanford Strong Motion Accelerometer during the first quarter of FY99.

  9. Proceedings of the 1999 Review Conference on Fuel Cell Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None Available

    2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1999 Review Conference on Fuel Cell Technology was jointly sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC), the Gas Research Institute (GRI), and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). It was held August 3 to 5 in Chicago, Illinois. The goal of this conference was to provide a forum for reviewing fuel cell research and development (R&D) programs, assist in strategic R&D planning, promote awareness of sponsor activities, and enhance interactions between manufacturers, researchers, and stakeholders. This conference was attended by over 250 representatives from industry, academia, national laboratories, gas and electric utilities, DOE, and other Government agencies. The conference agenda included a keynote session, five presentation sessions, a poster presentation reception, and three breakout sessions. The presentation session topics were DOD Fuel Cell Applications, Low-Temperature Fuel Cell Manufacturers, Low-Temperature Component Research, High-Temperature Fuel Cell Manufacturers, and High-Temperature Component Research; the breakout session topics were Future R&D Directions for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells, Future R&D Directions for High-Temperature Fuel Cells, and a plenary summary session. All sessions were well attended.

  10. Annual energy outlook 1999, with projections to 2020

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1999 (AEO99) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2020 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The projections are based on results from EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The report begins with an Overview summarizing the AEO99 reference case. The next section, Legislation and Regulations, describes the assumptions made with regard to laws that affect energy markets and discusses evolving legislative and regulatory issues. Issues in Focus discusses current energy issues--the economic decline in East Asia, growth in demand for natural gas, vehicle emissions standards, competitive electricity pricing, renewable portfolio standards, and carbon emissions. It is followed by the analysis of energy market trends. The analysis in AEO99 focuses primarily on a reference case and four other cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices than in the reference case. Forecast tables for these cases are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendixes D and E present a summary of the reference case forecasts in units of oil equivalence and household energy expenditures. The AEO99 projections are based on Federal, State, and local laws and regulations in effect on July 1, 1998. Pending legislation and sections of existing legislation for which funds have not been appropriated are not reflected in the forecasts. Historical data used for the AEOI99 projections were the most current available as of July 31, 1998, when most 1997 data but only partial 1998 data were available.

  11. The Astrophysical Journal, 525:L25L28, 1999 November 1 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    September 3; published 1999 October 4 ABSTRACT The Milagrito water Cerenkov detector near Los Alamos, New Mexico, was operated as a sky monitor at energies of a few TeV between 1997 February and 1998 May: observations 1. INTRODUCTION Very high energy (VHE) g-ray astronomy is the study of the sky at energies above

  12. 1999 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM'99) . Atlanta, Georgia . Sept. 1922, 1999 MULTISENSOR INDUSTRIAL INSPECTION AND GRADING USING ELSA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naish, Michael D.

    Elizabeth A. Croft Computer Integrated Manufacturing Laboratory Industrial Automation Laboratory Dept for the design and implementation of mul­ tisensor systems for industrial automation; it is particu­ larly suited, Georgia . Sept. 19­22, 1999 MULTISENSOR INDUSTRIAL INSPECTION AND GRADING USING ELSA Michael D. Naish

  13. Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 SPE Annual Technical Conference and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers

  14. Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 SPE Gas Technology Sysmposium held

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation by the author(s). Contents of the paper, as presented, have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum reflect any position of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers, or members. Papers presented

  15. Astrophysical Dynamics 1999/2000: Merging Research and Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro B. Romeo

    2000-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The workshop `Astrophysical Dynamics 1999/2000' followed a homonymous advanced research course, and both activities were organized by me. In this opening paper of the proceedings book, I describe them and document their strong impact on the academic life of the local institutions. The advanced research course was open to graduate students, senior researchers, and motivated under-graduate students with good background in physics and mathematics. The course covered several multi-disciplinary issues of modern research on astrophysical dynamics, and thus also of interest to physicists, mathematicians and engineers. The major topic was gas dynamics, viewed in context with stellar dynamics and plasma physics. The course was complemented by parallel seminars on hot topics given by experts in such fields, and open to a wide scientific audience. In particular, I gave a friendly introduction to wavelets, which are becoming an increasingly powerful tool not only for processing signals and images but also for analysing fractals and turbulence, and which promise to have important applications to dynamical modelling of disc galaxies. The workshop was open to a wide scientific audience. The workshop with published proceedings book was, as a matter of fact, the innovative form of exam that I proposed for the advanced research course. The contributions were refereed and their quality is high on average, exceptionally high in a few cases. The advanced research course and the workshop all together produced great enthusiasm in the students and welcomed the participation of a hundred different people, which means an order of magnitude more than an average graduate course at Chalmers University of Technology and G\\"oteborg University.

  16. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Institutional Plan FY 1994--1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Institutional Plan provides an overview of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory mission, strategic plan, scientific initiatives, research programs, environment and safety program plans, educational and technology transfer efforts, human resources, and facilities needs. For FY 1994-1999 the Institutional Plan reflects significant revisions based on the Laboratory`s strategic planning process. The Strategic Plan section identifies long-range conditions that will influence the Laboratory, as well as potential research trends and management implications. The Initiatives section identifies potential new research programs that represent major long-term opportunities for the Laboratory, and the resources required for their implementation. The Scientific and Technical Programs section summarizes current programs and potential changes in research program activity. The Environment, Safety, and Health section describes the management systems and programs underway at the Laboratory to protect the environment, the public, and the employees. The Technology Transfer and Education programs section describes current and planned programs to enhance the nation`s scientific literacy and human infrastructure and to improve economic competitiveness. The Human Resources section identifies LBL staff diversity and development program. The section on Site and Facilities discusses resources required to sustain and improve the physical plant and its equipment. The new section on Information Resources reflects the importance of computing and communication resources to the Laboratory. The Resource Projections are estimates of required budgetary authority for the Laboratory`s ongoing research programs. The Institutional Plan is a management report for integration with the Department of Energy`s strategic planning activities, developed through an annual planning process.

  17. THE ORIGIN OF ASTEROID 162173 (1999 JU{sub 3})

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campins, Humberto [Physics Department, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162385, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); De Leon, Julia [Department of Edaphology and Geology, University of La Laguna, E-38071 Tenerife (Spain); Morbidelli, Alessandro; Gayon-Markt, Julie; Delbo, Marco; Michel, Patrick [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), CNRS UMR7293, F-06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Licandro, Javier [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), C/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna (Spain)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU{sub 3} (henceforth JU{sub 3}) is a potentially hazardous asteroid and the target of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa-2 sample return mission. JU{sub 3} is also a backup target for two other sample return missions: NASA's OSIRIS-REx and the European Space Agency's Marco Polo-R. We use dynamical information to identify an inner-belt, low-inclination origin through the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, more specifically, the region with 2.15 AU < a < 2.5 AU and i < 8 Degree-Sign . The geometric albedo of JU{sub 3} is 0.07 {+-} 0.01, and this inner-belt region contains four well-defined low-albedo asteroid families (Clarissa, Erigone, Polana, and Sulamitis), plus a recently identified background population of low-albedo asteroids outside these families. Only two of these five groups, the background and the Polana family, deliver JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids to the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, and the background delivers significantly more JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids. The available spectral evidence is also diagnostic; the visible and near-infrared spectra of JU{sub 3} indicate it is a C-type asteroid, which is compatible with members of the background, but not with the Polana family because it contains primarily B-type asteroids. Hence, this background population of low-albedo asteroids is the most likely source of JU{sub 3}.

  18. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 1998-June 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse

    2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations during operations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports on a quarterly basis to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after excavation of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 1998, to June 30, 1999. It is divided into nine chapters. The remainder of Chapter 1.0 provides background information on the WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2.0 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3.0 and 4.0 describe the geomechanical instrumentation located in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the three main portions of the WIPP underground facility (the access drifts, the Northern Experimental Area, and the Waste Disposal Area). Chapter 8.0 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which includes fracture mapping, borehole logging, and borehole observations. Chapter 9.0 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements.

  19. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 1999-June 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse TRU Solutions

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations during operations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports on a quarterly basis to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after excavation of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 1999, to June 30, 2000. It is divided into ten chapters. The remainder of Chapter 1 provides background information on the WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the geomechanical instrumentation located in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the three main portions of the WIPP underground facility (the access drifts, the Northern Experimental Area, and the Waste Disposal Area). Chapter 8 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which includes fracture mapping, borehole logging, and borehole observations. Chapter 9 provides an assessment of the hydrologic conditions near the Exhaust Shaft. Chapter 10 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements.

  20. Final report on Weeks Island Monitoring Phase : 1999 through 2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Munson, Darrell Eugene

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Final Report on the Monitoring Phase of the former Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facility details the results of five years of monitoring of various surface accessible quantities at the decommissioned facility. The Weeks Island mine was authorized by the State of Louisiana as a Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil storage facility from 1979 until decommissioning of the facility in 1999. Discovery of a sinkhole over the facility in 1992 with freshwater inflow to the facility threatened the integrity of the oil storage and led to the decision to remove the oil, fill the chambers with brine, and decommission the facility. Thereafter, a monitoring phase, by agreement between the Department of Energy and the State, addressed facility stability and environmental concerns. Monitoring of the surface ground water and the brine of the underground chambers from the East Fill Hole produced no evidence of hydrocarbon contamination, which suggests that any unrecovered oil remaining in the underground chambers has been contained. Ever diminishing progression of the initial major sinkhole, and a subsequent minor sinkhole, with time was verification of the response of sinkholes to filling of the facility with brine. Brine filling of the facility ostensively eliminates any further growth or new formation from freshwater inflow. Continued monitoring of sinkhole response, together with continued surface surveillance for environmental problems, confirmed the intended results of brine pressurization. Surface subsidence measurements over the mine continued throughout the monitoring phase. And finally, the outward flow of brine was monitored as a measure of the creep closure of the mine chambers. Results of each of these monitoring activities are presented, with their correlation toward assuring the stability and environmental security of the decommissioned facility. The results suggest that the decommissioning was successful and no contamination of the surface environment by crude oil has been found.

  1. Annual Running Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Energyh Inut:ý 4,500,000 tons of coal 19 tons enriche'd Uranium tewn _____________ _ 350,000 barrels of oil 250,000 ltons of coal Pollution: ( 9,400,000 tons of carbon * 6 tons of spent fuel none operation)I eraion) dioxide e Emissions of highly radioactive * 270,000 tons of scrubber gases (400,000 Curies of Kr-85, sludge and ash for disposal 18,000 Curies of tritium) * 800,000 tons of Uranium ore 12,000 tons of sulfur tailings dioxide, nitrous oxides and * 37 tons of depleted Uranium mercury * 500,000 tons of greenhouse gas * 100 trillion BTU's of heat 0 100 trillion BTU's • of heat Water required: 10 billion galons 13 billion jgalions none ý0.5%).

  2. DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION FISSION REACTOR FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 1,1999 THRIUGH FEBRUARY 29,2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LC BROWN

    2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION FISSION REACTOR FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 1,1999 THRIUGH FEBRUARY 29,2000

  3. Link between the Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 and the Chelyabinsk meteoroid tenuous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Vishnu; Bottke, William F; Pravec, Petr; Sanchez, Juan A; Gary, Bruce L; Klima, Rachel; Cloutis, Edward A; Galád, Adrián; Guan, Tan Thiam; Hornoch, Kamil; Izawa, Matthew R M; Kušnirák, Peter; Corre, Lucille Le; Mann, Paul; Moskovitz, Nicholas; Skiff, Brian; Vraštil, Jan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explored the statistical and compositional link between Chelyabinsk meteoroid and potentially hazardous asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 to investigate their proposed relation proposed by Borovi\\v{c}ka et al. (2013). Using detailed computation we confirm that the orbit of the Chelyabinsk impactor is anomalously close to 1999 NC43. We find about (1-3) x 10-4 likelihood of that to happen by chance. Taking the standpoint that the Chelyabinsk impactor indeed separated from 1999 NC43 by a cratering or rotational fission event, we run a forward probability calculation, which is an independent statistical test. However, we find this scenario is unlikely at the about (10-3 -10-2) level. We also verified compositional link between Chelyabinska and 1999NC43. Mineralogical analysis of Chelyabinsk (LL chondrite) and (8) Flora (the largest member of the presumed LL chondrite parent family) shows that their olivine and pyroxene chemistries are similar to LL chondrites. Similar analysis of 1999 NC43 shows that its olivine and ...

  4. Near-infrared spectroscopy of 1999 JU3, the target of the Hayabusa 2 mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinilla-Alonso, N; Campins, H; deLeon, J; Licandro, J; 10.1051/0004-6361/201221015

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context. Primitive asteroids contain complex organic material and ices relevant to the origin of life on Earth. These types of asteroids are the target of several-sample return missions to be launched in the next years. 1999 JU3 is the target of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa 2 mission. Aims. 1999 JU3 has been previously identified as a C-class asteroid. Spectroscopic observations at longer wavelengths will help to constrain its composition. Methods. We obtained spectroscopy of 1999 JU3 from 0.85 to 2.2 microns, with the 3.6 m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo using the low resolution mode of the Near Infrared Camera Spectrograph. Results. We present a near-infrared spectrum of 1999 JU3 from 0.85 to 2.2microns that is consistent with previously published spectra and with its C-type classification. Conclusions. Our spectrum confirms the primitive nature of 1999 JU3 and its interest as target of the sample-return mission Hayabusa 2.

  5. Awarded ESPC Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since the inception of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) in 1998, 325 DOE ESPC projects have been awarded. More than $3.41 billion has been invested in Federal energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements. These improvements have resulted in more than 398 trillion Btu life cycle energy savings and more than $8.53 billion of cumulative energy cost savings for the Federal Government.

  6. Millisecond Oxidation of Alkanes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This factsheet describes a project whose goal is to commercialize a production process for propylene and acrylic acid from propane using a catalytic auto-thermal oxydehydrogenation process operating at short contact times. Auto-thermal oxidation for conversion of propane to propylene and acrylic acid promises energy savings of 20 trillion Btu per year by 2020. In addition to reducing energy consumption, this technology can reduce manufacturing costs by up to 25 percent, and reduce a variety of greenhouse gas emissions.

  7. Pacific Lamprey Research and Restoration Project : Annual Report 1999.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Close, David A.

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes results of research activities conducted from 1996 through 1999. The findings in these chapters represent the efforts of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) and collaborative efforts among other researchers working on Pacific lampreys (Lampetra tridentata) under this project. The findings in these chapters will help management and recovery of Pacific lampreys in the Columbia River Basin. Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) of Pacific lampreys from tribal members within the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation was useful in gaining baseline life history information. Tribal members described harvesting two types of lampreys from spring through fall, the short brown type and the long dark type. Lamprey spawning distribution was from the mouth to the headwaters in the Umatilla River. Larval lampreys were observed in the mud and sand areas of the river. Tribal members observed major declines in lampreys within the Columbia River basin. Larval Pacific lampreys were distributed throughout the John Day River basin. Larval distribution in the other subbasins was patchy and limited to the lower reaches of the streams. Larval densities were highly variable in the Middle Fork John Day and North Fork John Day rivers, as opposed to the Main stem John Day River. Larval lengths varied little in the Middle Fork John Day and North Fork John Day rivers, but were highly variable in the Main stem John Day River. Larval abundance decreased as we moved upstream in the Columbia and Snake rivers. In addition, we found strong evidence for lack of larval recruitment as distance increased from the mouth of the Columbia River. We identified clinical indicators of stress in adult Pacific lampreys. Plasma glucose became elevated soon after acute stress and remained elevated for one week. Plasma lactate also became elevated by 30 minutes; however, it decreased to resting levels by one hour after application of the stressor. Muscle lactate was shown to have an inverse relationship with glucose. Muscle lactate levels decreased by 4 hours and remained depressed for two days. Plasma chloride ions decreased by one hour, then returned to resting levels by 8 hours, decreased again at 24 hours, and then recovered by 48 hours. The steroid cortisol was not found in the plasma of Pacific lampreys. Our study suggests plasma glucose, lactate, chloride ions, and muscle lactate can be used as clinical indicators of stress in Pacific lampreys.

  8. The Plant Cell, Vol. 11, 19671979, October 1999, www.plantcell.org 1999 American Society of Plant Physiologists Arabidopsis cop8 and fus4 Mutations Define the Same Gene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xing-Wang

    The Plant Cell, Vol. 11, 1967­1979, October 1999, www.plantcell.org © 1999 American Society, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Saitama 351-01, Japan The pleiotropic constitutive is highly conserved among multicellular eukaryotes and is also similar to a subunit of the 19S regulatory

  9. Kalispel Resident Fish Project: Kalispel Tribal Hatchery Operations and Maintenance, 1999 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bluff, Stanley

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In October of 1997, The construction of the Kalispel Tribal Hatchery was complete. No spawning activity was recorded for the spring of 1998. On June 14, 1999 the first spawn at the Kalispel Tribal Hatchery was successful. A total of seven nests were fertilized that produced approximately 144,000 fry. The second spawn occurred on July 13, 1999 and a total of six nests were fertilized producing approximately 98,0000 fry. The total amount of largemouth bass fry produced at the Kalispel Tribal Hatchery was 242,000.

  10. The Office of Environmental Management Technical Reports: A Bibliography. Fiscal Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management's (EM) technical reports bibliography is an annual publication that contains information on scientific and technical reports sponsored by the Office of Environmental Management. This bibliography contains citations for reports published in Fiscal Year 1999 (October 1, 1998 - September 30, 1999). EM's Office of Science and Technology (OST) sponsors this bibliography that covers EM's activities in environmental restoration, waste management, technology development, and facility transition and management. Subjects include subsurface contaminants; mixed waste characterization, treatment and disposal; radioactive tank waste remediation; plutonium; deactivation and decommissioning; robotics; characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology; and efficient separations.

  11. First and second quarters 1999 -- TNX Area groundwater and effectiveness monitoring strategy data only report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, J.

    1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents data of groundwater monitoring conducted during the first and second quarters of 1999 in support of the Interim Remedial Action. The data is from groundwater monitoring wells described in this report as the primary, secondary, and recovery wells of the initial operation of the Effectiveness Monitoring Strategy (EMS) as stipulated in Revision 1.3 (WSRC, 1996), the proposed wells for the full operation of the EMS as described in Revision 1.5 (WSRC, 1999), and general wells pertinent to the report. Also included are data from SRTC projects in the TNX Area that are deemed useful for groundwater characterization.

  12. Perturbation of the Izmit earthquake aftershock decaying activity following the 1999 Mw 7.2 Duzce, Turkey, earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ¨zce, Turkey, earthquake Guillaume Daniel,1 David Marsan,2 and Michel Bouchon1 Received 4 August 2005; revised patterns of seismicity in western Turkey, following the occurrence of the 12 November 1999 Mw 7.2 Du activity following the 1999 Mw 7.2 Du¨zce, Turkey, earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B05310, doi:10

  13. Bickmore et al. Geological Materials Research v.1, n.5, p.1 Copyright 1999 by the Mineralogical Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Steve D.

    Microscopy (SPM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Scanning Auger Microscopy (SAM) images Society of America Measuring Discrete Feature Dimensions in AFM Images with Image SXM Barry R. Bickmore1, 1999; Published November 23, 1999) Abstract A suite of macros for the freeware image analysis program

  14. Thermal Science & Engineering Vol.7 No 1 (1999) A Study on Thermal Resistance over a Solid-Liquid Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal Science & Engineering Vol.7 No 1 (1999) - 63 - A Study on Thermal Resistance over a Solid-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, JAPAN, Tel. (03)-5800-6983) #12;Thermal Science & Engineering Vol.7 No 1 (1999) - 64 dynamics simulations, it was demonstrated that a thermal resistance cannot be neglected over a solid

  15. ACS Div of Fuel Chem Preprints 44:4, 1016-1019 (August, 1999) KINETICS OF HIGH PRESSURE CHAR OXIDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Thomas H.

    ACS Div of Fuel Chem Preprints 44:4, 1016-1019 (August, 1999) KINETICS OF HIGH PRESSURE CHAR) by devolatilizing Pittsburgh #8 coal at #12;ACS Div of Fuel Chem Preprints 44:4, 1016-1019 (August, 1999) high

  16. LABORATORY DIRECTED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999. THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, DECEMBER 1999.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PAUL,P.; FOX,K.J.

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In FY 1999, the BNL LDRD Program funded 33 projects, 25 of which were new starts, at a total cost of $4,525,584. A table is presented which lists all of the FY 1999 funded projects and gives a history of funding for each by year. Several of these projects have already experienced varying degrees of success as indicated in the individual Project Program Summaries which are given. A total of 29 informal publications (abstracts, presentations, reports and workshop papers) were reported and an additional 23 formal (full length) papers were either published, are in press or being prepared for publication. The investigators on five projects have filed for patents. Seven of the projects reported that proposals/grants had either been funded or were submitted for funding. The complete summary of follow-on activities is as follows: Information Publications--29, Formal Papers--23, Grants/Proposals/Follow-on Funding--7. In conclusion, a significant measure of success is already attributable to the FY 1999 LDRD Program in the short period of time involved. The Laboratory has experienced a significant scientific gain by these achievements.

  17. Proceedings of the International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, Semiconductors, Sensors, and Actuators, MSM'99, April 19-21, 1999, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    , Semiconductors, Sensors, and Actuators, MSM'99, April 19-21, 1999, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Mesoscopic Breathing

  18. 1999 Macmillan Magazines Ltd With the improved design there is no need to control the total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sano, Masaki

    © 1999 Macmillan Magazines Ltd With the improved design there is no need to control the total of the Josephson energies EJ(©xi) provides the possibility of coupling each selected pair of qubits, while keeping all the other ones uncoupled, bringing us close to the ideal model of equation (1). The simplest

  19. Accepted, Nuclear Fusion, 1999 Turbulent Transport and Turbulence in Radiative I-Mode Plasmas in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Accepted, Nuclear Fusion, 1999 Turbulent Transport and Turbulence in Radiative I-Mode Plasmas vs. radiated fraction suggests a common underlying suppression mechanism. #12;Accepted, Nuclear of Physics University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta Canada, T6G 2J1 1/4/00 17:25 PM #12;Accepted, Nuclear

  20. University of Wisconsin-Madison January 1999 Staff Paper No. 402, Revised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    @chezmichel.aae.wisc.edu January, 1999 Keywords: Subsistence, Poverty Traps, Savings, Dynamic Modeling JEL Codes: D91, I32, O16, O model to explore savings and portfolio decisions in an environment in which both yield risk features that are central to this economic environment: · Households save both in the form of conventional

  1. Z .Global and Planetary Change 20 1999 93123 Global sea level rise and glacial isostatic adjustment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    adjustment W.R. Peltier ) Department of Physics, UniÕersity of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto-mail: peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca Z .rather recently Peltier and Tushingham, 1989 , it was not clearly;( )W.R. PeltierrGlobal and Planetary Change 20 1999 93­12394 Z .existed at that time e.g., Peltier

  2. AAS Meeting #193 Austin, Texas, January 1999 Session 100. The Quiet and Active Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guedel, Manuel

    AAS Meeting #193 ­ Austin, Texas, January 1999 Session 100. The Quiet and Active Sun Display. Guedel (PSI, ETHZ), I. Ribas (U. de Barcelona) We present an aspect of our on­going program of "The Sun in Time" that deals with identifying and studying nearby stars that closely match the Sun

  3. College/University: 1999 B.Sc. University of Indonesia, Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    Education College/University: 1999 B.Sc. University of Indonesia, Indonesia 2003 M.Sc. University of Indonesia, Indonesia Highest degree: M.Sc. in Microbiology Medicine Major Subjects: Cell Biology, Embryonic name: Andri Last name: Pramono Date of birth: 21.08.1976 Country: Indonesia E-mail: pramesyanti @yahoo

  4. Air Emission Inventory for the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory - Calendar Year 1999 Emission Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zohner, S.K.

    2000-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the 1999 calendar year update of the Air Emission Inventory for the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The INEEL Air Emission Inventory documents sources and emissions of nonradionuclide pollutants from operations at the INEEL. The report describes the emission inventory process and all of the sources at the INEEL, and provides nonradionuclide emissions estimates for stationary sources.

  5. The Puzzle of Hypertension in African-Americans56 Scientific American February 1999 The Puzzle of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    The Puzzle of Hypertension in African-Americans56 Scientific American February 1999 The Puzzle of Hypertension in African-Americans by Richard S. Cooper, Charles N. Rotimi and Ryk Ward N early all Americans undergo a steady rise in blood pressure with age. Almost 25 percent cross the line into hypertension

  6. In proceedings of IRIS22, Jyvskyl, Finland, August 1999 Augmenting reality in mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertelsen, Olav W.

    delimits it, which is the case for much of the existing information technology. Acknowledgement in a wastewater treatment plant (Bertelsen & Nielsen 1999), the use of mobile technology to support work in a distributed environment. Based on empirical studies of work in a wastewater treatment plant, three technical

  7. Article No. eujc.1999.0324 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bárány, Imre

    Article No. eujc.1999.0324 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on Europ. J AND PROOF OF THEOREM 2 An ordered integral simplex P Rd is a simplex with a given ordering z0, z1, . . . , zd of its vertices. Another ordered integral simplex Q with vertices u0, . . . , ud is equivalent

  8. International Workshop of Structural Health Monitoring, Sept. 8-10, 1999, Stanford University.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    1 2nd International Workshop of Structural Health Monitoring, Sept. 8-10, 1999, Stanford University. Title: Recent Progress in the Application of E/M Impedance Method to Structural Health Monitoring method for structural health monitoring, damage detection and failure prevention is a new technology

  9. Data Warehousing and Data Mining Conference, January 25, 1999, Singapore Data Mining:Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xindong

    Data Warehousing and Data Mining Conference, January 25, 1999, Singapore 1 Welcome Data Mining:Data Mining: Updates in TechnologiesUpdates in Technologies Xindong Wu Dept of Math and Computer Science Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado 80401, USA Email: xwu@ mines.edu Home Page: http://kais.mines

  10. B-1 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX B: RADIOLOGICAL DATA METHODOLOGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B-1 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX B: RADIOLOGICAL DATA METHODOLOGIES APPENDIX B: DOSE to calculate annual dispersions for the midpoint of a given sector and distance. Facility specific radionuclide Handbook (EPA 1996). RADIOLOGICAL DATA PROCESSING Radiation events occur in a random fashion

  11. Plant Disease / March 1999 279 The Relationship of Gin Date to Aflatoxin Contamination of Cottonseed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotty, Peter J.

    Plant Disease / March 1999 279 The Relationship of Gin Date to Aflatoxin Contamination crops and is frequently, as with cottonseed, the primary cause of aflatoxin contamination (13). When. Irrigation can influence aflatoxin contamination, par- ticularly if continued into the harvest sea- son (19

  12. Fusion Engineering and Design 46 (1999) 159175 Engineering design of the ITER blanket and relevant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    levels of nuclear radiation. In combination with the thick vessel, the blanket provides the shielding methods defined the construction path which has been tested in prototypes. The main body is built. Prototypes of the module attachment have been built and are under integrated tests. © 1999 Elsevier Science S

  13. Presented at 1999 EWEC Effects of Materials Parameters and Design Details on the Fatigue of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Composite Materials for Wind Turbine Blades John F. Mandell and Herbert J. Sutherland* Daniel D. SamborskyPresented at 1999 EWEC Effects of Materials Parameters and Design Details on the Fatigue Wind Energy Technology Dept. Dept. of Chemical Engineering Sandia National Laboratories Montana State

  14. Proceedingsof the AmericanControl Conference San Diego, California *June 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsao, Tsu-Chin

    milling. The controller is designed using normalized coprime factorization method for the dynamic model in this research. The dynamic model for designing the controller is considered as 2 input 2 output system coupledProceedingsof the AmericanControl Conference San Diego, California *June 1999 Controlof Linear

  15. c Copyright by Aaron James Stillman, 1999 MODEL COMPOSITION WITHIN THE MOBIUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    c Copyright by Aaron James Stillman, 1999 #12;MODEL COMPOSITION WITHIN THE MOBIUS MODELING with a speci c language for expressing models. The Mobius framework supports multiple modeling formalisms for the system by using a solvable model. iii #12;This thesis focuses on the second step of the aforementioned

  16. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Annee universitaire 1998-1999 Varietes symplectiques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´ecanique analytique et de la M´ecanique c´eleste, avec des contributions majeures de William Rowan Hamilton (1805´eom´etrie symplectique Cours de C.-M. Marle #12;Universit´e Pierre et Marie Curie Ann´ee universitaire 1998-1999 Avant in Physics, Cambridge University press, 1984. P. Libermann et C.-M. Marle, Symplectic geometry and analytical

  17. CST Melter Feed Characterization in Support of the 1999 and 2000 Thermal Fluids Lab Hydragard Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koopman, D.C.

    2001-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Immobilization Technology Section measured properties of the melter feed simulants used in the 1999 and 2000 Hydragard sample loop tests. These tests used simulated Sludge Batch 1B (Macrobatch 2) melter feeds. The melter feeds were characterized for wt. percent total and insoluble solids, pH, composition, particle size distribution, and rheology.

  18. ELSEVIER Sedimentary Geology 124 (1999) 131147 UPb ages and geochemistry of granite pebbles from the Devonian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dörr, Wolfgang

    ELSEVIER Sedimentary Geology 124 (1999) 131­147 U­Pb ages and geochemistry of granite pebbles from 1998 Abstract The geochemical composition of some garnet-bearing biotite granite pebbles within from two samples. The granites have suffered low-grade metamorphism as shown by the development

  19. Fusion Engineering and Design 46 (1999) 177183 ITER reference breeding blanket design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    breeding blanket with a lithium ceramic as breeder material and beryllium as neutron multiplierFusion Engineering and Design 46 (1999) 177­183 ITER reference breeding blanket design M. Ferrari a The ITER reference breeding blanket design is water-cooled and is characterised by the use of the neutronic

  20. Optics and Fluid Dynamics Ris-R-1157(EN) Annual Progress Report for 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optics and Fluid Dynamics Risø-R-1157(EN) Department Annual Progress Report for 1999 Edited by S;2 Risø-R-1157(EN) Abstract The Optics and Fluid Dynamics Department performs basic and applied research within the three programmes: (1) optical materials, (2) optical diagnostics and information processing

  1. August 1999 Radiation Safety Manual Section 12 Shipment of Radioactive Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    August 1999 Radiation Safety Manual Section 12 ­ Shipment of Radioactive Materials UW Environmental Health and Safety Page 12-1 Section 12 Shipment of Radioactive Materials Contents A. Shipping Regulations regulations for the safe transportation of radioactive materials. These regulations are adopted from those

  2. 1EPS Jun-1999 -LRB A Comparison of Fueling with Deuterium Pellet Injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1EPS Jun-1999 - LRB A Comparison of Fueling with Deuterium Pellet Injection from Different DIII-D Pellet Injection Program q Modifications to injector (that was installed on JET 1987-91): » All three guns fire 2.7 mm pellets » Punch mechanism on one gun to reliably generate slower pellets (

  3. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 to, NEPA and Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). #12;

  4. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4347; hereinafter "NEPA") and Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution

  5. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH for providing environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). Compliance with all applicable environmental laws and regulations

  6. Response of desert pavement to seismic shaking, Hector Mine earthquake, California, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Response of desert pavement to seismic shaking, Hector Mine earthquake, California, 1999 P. K. Haff characteristic surface disturbances on nearby desert pavements. These disturbances included (1) zones of wholesale gravel displacement interspersed with zones of intact pavement, (2) displaced and rotated cobbles

  7. PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A, 1999, VOL. 79, NO. 8, 1953 1961 Interatomic potential tted for lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A, 1999, VOL. 79, NO. 8, 1953± 1961 Interatomic potential ® tted for lead D dynamics method, we numerically ® t an interatomic potential for lead. The potential obtained can correctly reproduce many physical properties of lead in crystalline and non-crystalline phases. The surface energy

  8. Accepted to appear in ACM/Baltzer Wireless Networks, 1999 Admission Control Algorithms for Cellular Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    Page 1 Accepted to appear in ACM/Baltzer Wireless Networks, 1999 Admission Control Algorithms]), it is the network provider's responsibility to provide adequate Quality of Service (QoS) to all users. Two critical, the network may terminate the call prematurely when a handoff is attempted into a cell that has no capacity

  9. Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 94, Nos. 34, 1999 The Genealogical Tree of a Chromosome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derrida, Bernard

    Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 94, Nos. 3Â4, 1999 The Genealogical Tree of a Chromosome B the genealogy of chromosomes by taking into account the effects of both recombination and coalescence. Seen-field spin glasses. KEY WORDS: Steady state; spin chain; random genealogies. 1. INTRODUCTION One

  10. Vision Research 39 (1999) 559568 On the relationship between the spatial channels for luminance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingdom, Frederick A. A.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vision Research 39 (1999) 559­568 On the relationship between the spatial channels for luminance the relationship between the spatial channels for luminance and shape-from-stereo-disparity processing we measured of a field of Gabor micropatterns of differing luminance spatial frequency. We first examine the effects

  11. Vision Research 39 (1999) 721731 The spatial tuning of color and luminance peripheral vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullen, Kathy T.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vision Research 39 (1999) 721­731 The spatial tuning of color and luminance peripheral vision red-green chromatic and luminance mechanisms at four locations in the nasal visual field (0, 10, 20-frequency looking for our stimuli. Detection thresholds were measured for luminance or isoluminant red

  12. Walter ZOLLES: Study of availability of dGPSservices in Austria (completed in October 1999)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuh, Harald

    Walter ZOLLES: Study of availability of dGPSservices in Austria (completed in October 1999. Because of special security techniques like AS (Anti Spoofing) and SA (Selective Availability, caused by the selective availability. Being dependent on the length of the baseline between

  13. 144 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA, VOL. 1, NO. 2, JUNE 1999 Capture and Representation of Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moura, José

    graphics, animation, and virtual reality [16]. Chromo keying is a technique commonly used in these contexts144 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA, VOL. 1, NO. 2, JUNE 1999 Capture and Representation of Human human representations from video has vast applications. In this paper, we present a knowledge

  14. * Corresponding author. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 209}218

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    * Corresponding author. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 209}218 A highly e$cient and stable CdTe/CdS thin "lm solar cell N. Romeo, A. Bosio, R. Tedeschi*, A. Romeo, V. Canevari Dipartimento$cient and stable CdTe/CdS thin "lm solar cells. Our cells are prepared in three subsequent phases. Firstly, we

  15. PERGAMON Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 1183-1204 NUCLEAR ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PERGAMON Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 1183-1204 annalsof NUCLEAR ENERGY LOCALISATION of Reactor Phystcs, Chalmers Umverslty of Technology S-412 96 Goteborg, Sweden Received 8 December 1998 conditions and it is inferred that the instablhty most probably ts a locahsed self-sustained density wave

  16. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General fiscal year 1999 annual performance plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This plan is published pursuant to requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993. The plan outlines the goals, objectives, and strategies that the Office of Inspector General intends to implement and execute in FY 1999. The plan also includes the details of this office`s efforts to continually improve customer service.

  17. Engineering Geology 52 (1999) 231250 Mathematical modelling of groundwater flow at Sellafield, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could reach the surface in 15 000 years. Simple safety case implications drawn from the results conductivity is around 1000 times this safety limit. © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords of the British Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL) Sellafield fuel rate of underground water flow must be both predictable

  18. INVESTIGACIN DIDCTICA ENSEANZA DE LAS CIENCIAS, 1999, 17 (3), 397-410 397

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campanario, Juan Miguel

    INVESTIGACIÓN DIDÁCTICA ENSEÑANZA DE LAS CIENCIAS, 1999, 17 (3), 397-410 397 LA CIENCIA QUE NO ENSEÑAMOS CAMPANARIO, JUAN MIGUEL Grupo de Investigación en Aprendizaje de las Ciencias. Departamento de capaces de entender la realidad que les rodea y puedan comprender el papel de la ciencia en nuestra

  19. INVESTIGACIN DIDCTICA 179ENSEANZA DE LAS CIENCIAS, 1999, 17 (2), 179-192

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campanario, Juan Miguel

    INVESTIGACIÓN DIDÁCTICA 179ENSEÑANZA DE LAS CIENCIAS, 1999, 17 (2), 179-192 ¿CÓMO ENSEÑAR CIENCIAS de las Ciencias. Departamento de Física. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. 28871 Alcalá de Henares ciencias ha identifi- cado diversas dificultades en los procesos de aprendiza- je de las ciencias que

  20. CEMP-EE 8 January 1999 APPENDIX C (TM 5-800-4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    beyond FY 2005. 2. Tri-Service MCP Index (1,000) = 1 October 1979 ENR Historical Building Cost Index (1CEMP-EE 8 January 1999 APPENDIX C (TM 5-800-4) TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX FOR FY 2000 THRU FY 2005 PROGRAMS ESCALATION PERCENTAGE DATE INDEX FOR FISCAL YEAR 1 OCT 1997

  1. Proceedings ASCE International Water Resources Engineering Conference August 8-12, 1999, Seattle, WA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Scott A.

    and flood control. Eutrophic conditions are caused by increased water temperatures due to lack of shadingProceedings ASCE International Water Resources Engineering Conference August 8-12, 1999, Seattle and Columbia Rivers. It is a eutrophic water body susceptible to algae blooms and crashes and periods of high p

  2. Danish Solid Oxide Fuel Cell project: DK-SOFC 1997-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danish Solid Oxide Fuel Cell project: DK-SOFC 1997-1999 Contracts no. ENS 1443/97-0003, ENS 1443 the format of annual- and final reporting from the Danish Solid Oxide Fuel Cell projects. From then on, Denmark #12;Preface It was decided medio 2000 at the 22th DK-SOFC programme board meeting to change

  3. Spectroscopic Observations and Analysis of the Unusual Type Ia SN1999ac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garavini, G.; Aldering, G.; Amadon, A.; Amanullah, R.; Astier,P.; Balland, C.; Blanc, G.; Conley, A.; Dahlen, T.; Deustua, S.E.; Ellis,R.; Fabbro, S.; Fadeyev, V.; Fan, X.; Folatelli, G.; Frye, B.; Gates,E.L.; Gibbons, R.; Goldhaber, G.; Goldman, B.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D.E.; Haissinski, J.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I.; Howell, D.A.; Kent, S.; Kim, A.G.; Knop, R.A.; Kowalski, M.; Kuznetsova, N.; Lee, B.C.; Lidman, C.; Mendez,J.; Miller, G.J.; Moniez, M.; Mouchet, M.; Mourao, A.; Newberg, H.; Nobili, S.; Nugent, P.E.; Pain, R.; Perdereau, O.; Perlmutter, S.; Quimby, R.; Regnault, N.; Rich, J.; Richards, G.T.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schaefer, B.E.; Schahmaneche, K.; Smith, E.; Spadafora, A.L.; Stanishev,V.; Thomas, R.C.; Walton, N.A.; Wang, L.; Wood-Vasey, W.M.

    2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present optical spectra of the peculiar Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 1999ac. The data extend from -15 to +42 days with respect to B-band maximum and reveal an event that is unusual in several respects. prior to B-band maximum, the spectra resemble those of SN 1999aa, a slowly declining event, but possess stronger Si II and Ca II signatures (more characteristic of a spectroscopically normal SN). Spectra after B-band maximum appear more normal. The expansion velocities inferred from the Iron lines appear to be lower than average; whereas, the expansion velocity inferred from Calcium H and K are higher than average. The expansion velocities inferred from the Iron lines appear to be lower than average; whereas, the expansion velocity inferred from Calcium H and K are higher than average. The expansion velocities inferred from Si II are among the slowest ever observed, though SN 1999ac is not particularly dim. The analysis of the parameters v{sub 10}(Si II), R(Si II), v, and {Delta}m{sub 15} further underlines the unique characteristics of SN 1999ac. They find convincing evidence of C II {lambda}6580 in the day -15 spectrum with ejection velocity v > 16,000 km s{sup -1}, but this signature disappears by day -9. This rapid evolution at early times highlights the importance of extremely early-time spectroscopy.

  4. PLATINUM-GROUP METALS--1999 58.1 PLATINUM-GROUP METALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the United States was down by more than 8%. The automotive industry continued to be the major consumer of PGM, and rhodium, mainly from the automotive sector, led to deficits in supplies for these metals in 1999. Of the three metals, palladium had the largest deficit owing to increased demand from the automotive sector

  5. La conversion lectromcanique directe. 4 fvrier 1999 -ENS Cachan -SEE LES ENTRANEMENTS LECTROMCANIQUES DIRECTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La conversion électromécanique directe. 4 février 1999 - ENS Cachan - SEE LES ENTRA�NEMENTS direct drives represent ultimate simplification of the electromechanical conversion systems because'entraînement électromécanique direct représente la simplification ultime des systèmes de conversion électromécanique d

  6. Four-Button BPM Coefficients in Cylindrical and Elliptic Beam Chambers February 17, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Four-Button BPM Coefficients in Cylindrical and Elliptic Beam Chambers S. H. Kim February 17, 1999 Beam position monitor (BPM) coefficients are calculated from induced charges on four-button BPMs ring is different from an exact elliptic geometry, numerical values of the BPM coefficients

  7. WPICSTR9902 January1999 The Effects of Jitter on the Perceptual Quality of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claypool, Mark

    WPI­CS­TR­99­02 January1999 The Effects of Jitter on the Perceptual Quality of Video by Mark of Jitter on the Perceptual Quality of Video Mark Claypool Jonathan Tanner fclaypool, Internet video often suffers from packet loss and jitter, degrading the user's perceived quality

  8. Michigan State University Research Integrity, Vol.3 No. 2 Spring 1999 RESEARCH INTEGRITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan State University Research Integrity, Vol.3 No. 2 Spring 1999 RESEARCH INTEGRITY Spring IN THIS ISSUE INTRODUCTION Research Mentoring P.1 RESEARCH ETHICS SYMPOSIUM Michigan State University April 1 N. Henry, Assistant Professor Department of Physiology Michigan State University P.3 ETHICS

  9. Tribology Letters 6 (1999) 159169 159 Spectromicroscopy of tribological films from engine oil additives.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Pupa Gelsomina De Stasio

    antiwear additives in lubricating oils for over forty years [1]. ZDDP's act as antiwear agents by formingTribology Letters 6 (1999) 159­169 159 Spectromicroscopy of tribological films from engine oil generated from the commercial ZDDP, rubbed in base oil, show that the long chain polyphosphate is converted

  10. Galaxy Dynamics: from the Early Universe to the Present ASP Conference Series, Vol. in press, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saglia, Roberto P.

    Galaxy Dynamics: from the Early Universe to the Present ASP Conference Series, Vol. in press, 1999 be fitted well by a constant mass­to­light ratio (M/L) model but 7/10 require additional mass, and then fit to the measured oe and h 4 by a regularised least­squares algorithm, imposing non

  11. 368 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 7, NO. 3, JUNE 1999 Correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuncheva, Ludmila I.

    to make and publish comparisons of models and their performance on common data sets and the pattern368 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 7, NO. 3, JUNE 1999 Correspondence Will the Real Iris models. On the other hand, there are certain risks too. Sometimes conclusions that are legitimate

  12. Journal of Heat Transfer1999 JHT Heat Transfer Gallery Department of Mechanical 8. Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihm, IconKenneth David

    Journal of Heat Transfer1999 JHT Heat Transfer Gallery S. M. You Department of Mechanical 8 Transfer Visualization Committee organized two photo gallery sessions in 1998. The International Heat Transfer Photo Gallery was held at the l la' International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC) in Kyongju

  13. ASME Journal of Heat Transfer Vol. 121(3), pp.646-652, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    1 ASME Journal of Heat Transfer Vol. 121(3), pp.646-652, 1999 Variations of Buoyancy-Induced Mass Assistant Professor, Assoc. Mem. ASME Q. Liao* Research Associate P. Cheng Professor, Fellow ASME Department-8647; Fax: (852) 2358-1543. * Permanent Address: Dept. of Thermal Power Engineering, Chongqing University

  14. Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE). Final report, September 24, 1999-December 31, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weissman, Jane

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This final report summarizes the accomplishments of the DSIRE program from September 24, 1999 through September 2000. The remaining three months of this contract was used to complete projects and finalize reports. In the interest of not generating unnecessary paper and repeating the comprehensive accounts described in our quarterly reports, this final report serves as an over-all review of this DSIRE cycle.

  15. Course Syllabus Phy320L -Modern Physics Laboratory Spring 1999 Instructor: Dr. Alison Baski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baski, Alison

    Course Syllabus Phy320L - Modern Physics Laboratory Spring 1999 Instructor: Dr. Alison Baski Oliver:00 [Egr Bldg, Rm 436], or by appointment. Textbook: Laboratory Manual for Modern Physics, sold during: This laboratory course involves experiments which illustrate the principles of modern physics, e.g. the quantum

  16. COS/HST FUV Grating Shipping Container Handling Procedure Date: November 30, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS/HST FUV Grating Shipping Container Handling Procedure Date: November 30, 1999 Document Number University of Colorado Campus Box 593 Boulder, Colorado 80309 #12;REVISIONS Letter ECO No. Description Check. Wilkinson 11-30-99 The Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy Reviewed: COS/HST FUV Grating Shipping

  17. On the reported ionospheric precursor of the 1999 Hector Mine, California earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Jeremy N.

    Hz) electromagnetic fields and aftershock activity. Dautermann et al. [2007] found no statistically Positioning System (GPS) data from sites near the 16 Oct. 1999 Hector Mine, California earthquake, Pulinets et Mine earthquake might have been predicted by monitoring changes in the ionosphere in a broad geographic

  18. CONTENT ANR @ MSU AgBioResearch 1999 DRY BEAN VARIETY CANNING TRIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SKIP TO CONTENT ANR @ MSU AgBioResearch Home Bean Info Beet Info Directions History InfoVideos Links 1999 DRY BEAN VARIETY CANNING TRIALS MICHIGAN DRY BEAN PRODUCTION RESEARCH ADVISORY BOARD Rating 1=poor, 2=fair, 3=good, 4=above average, 5=excellent NAVY LIGHT RED KIDNEY BEANS VARIETY GRATIOT HURON 10

  19. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 49244929, April 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oster, George

    in the sodium F-ATPase of Propionigenium modestum PETER DIMROTH*, HONGYUN WANG, MICHAEL GRABE, AND GEORGE OSTER, New York, NY, and approved January 16, 1999 (received for review December 2, 1998) ABSTRACT The F sodium-motive force into rotary torque. The same mechanism is likely to operate in other F

  20. 792 / JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 1999 NUMERICAL MODEL OF SEDIMENTATION/THICKENING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Scott A.

    792 / JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 1999 NUMERICAL MODEL OF SEDIMENTATION with the ASCE Manager of Journals. The manuscript for this paper was submitted for review and possible publication on July 20, 1998. This paper is part of the Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 125, No. 9

  1. Communications of the ACM, June 1999 Lessons from Haiti's Internet Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    1 Communications of the ACM, June 1999 Lessons from Haiti's Internet Development Jon M. Peha Abstract Haiti does not appear to be the most fertile ground for Internet growth. It is a poor nation, and have sometimes explored unconventional technical approaches. Haiti now has four commercial Internet

  2. 1 Copyright 1999 by ASME MULTI-PHASE CFD ANALYSIS OF NATURAL AND VENTILATED CAVITATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunz, Robert Francis

    volume fraction transport/generation for liquid, condensable vapor and non-con- densable gas fields between condensable vapor and non-condensable gas, a requirement of our current applica- tion. By solving1 Copyright © 1999 by ASME MULTI-PHASE CFD ANALYSIS OF NATURAL AND VENTILATED CAVITATION ABOUT

  3. Seismic reversal pattern for the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, MW 7.6 earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Seismic reversal pattern for the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, MW 7.6 earthquake Yih-Min Wu a , Chien the variations in seismicity patterns in the Taiwan region before and after the Chi-Chi earthquake. We have found that the areas with relatively high seismicity in the eastern Taiwan became abnormally quiet before the Chi

  4. [Federal Register: October 5, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 192)] [Page 54000-54001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regulations in response to a request from a Federal Agency, the Federal Communications Commission pursuant to U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requirements under FCC Docket 98-68, requirements[Federal Register: October 5, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 192)] [Notices] [Page 54000-54001] From

  5. ISSN:1575-6807 D.L.: GC-1317-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    ISSN:1575-6807 D.L.: GC-1317-1999 INSTITUTO UNIVERSITARIO DE CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGIAS CIBERNETICAS · González Esther · Mazorra Luis · Salgado Agustín · Sánchez Javier · Santana Francisco · Trujillo Agustín/12/2003 19:00:Luis Alvarez, Julio Esclarín and Agustín Trujillo ...(Page 29) Universidad de Las Palmas de

  6. Alessi, James G. Physicist PHD 1979 Univ. of Pittsburgh Bai, Mei Physicist PHD 1999 Indiana Univ.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    DEGREE YEAR Alessi, James G. Physicist PHD 1979 Univ. of Pittsburgh Bai, Mei Physicist PHD 1999 Indiana Univ. Beavis, Dana Physicist PHD 1980 Univ. of California Riverside Beebe, Edward N. Physicist PHD 1990 Cornell Univ. Beebe-Wang, Joanne J. Physicist PHD 1994 Stockholm Univ. Belomestnykh, Sergey A

  7. MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saiz, Leonor

    MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897± 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol L of liquid ethanol at three temperatures have been carried out. The hydrogen bonding states of ethanol measurements of the frequency-dependent dielectric permittivity of liquid ethanol. 1. Introduction A detailed

  8. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 34 (1999) 637 644 Cell nucleation in solid-state polymeric foams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Vipin

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 34 (1999) 637­ 644 Cell nucleation in solid-state polymeric foams-mail: holl@u.washington.edu The mechanism for nucleation phenomenon in solid-state microcellular foams. The nucleation phenomenon is thermally activated at the effective glass transition temperature of the gas

  9. Snake River Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Program; Hatchery Element, 1999 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Dan J,; Heindel, Jeff A.; Kline, Paul A. (Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Boise, ID)

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On November 20, 1991, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed Snake River sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka as endangered under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. In 1991, the Idaho Department of Fish and Game, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, and the National Marine Fisheries Service initiated efforts to conserve and rebuild populations in Idaho. Initial steps to recover sockeye salmon included the establishment of a captive broodstock program at the Idaho Department of Fish and Game Eagle Fish Hatchery. Sockeye salmon broodstock and culture responsibilities are shared with the National Marine Fisheries Service at two locations adjacent to Puget Sound in Washington State. Activities conducted by the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes and the National Marine Fisheries Service are reported under separate cover. Idaho Department of Fish and Game monitoring and evaluation activities of captive broodstock program fish releases are also reported under separate cover. Captive broodstock program activities conducted between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 1999 are presented in this report. In 1999, seven anadromous sockeye salmon returned to the Sawtooth Valley and were captured at the adult weir located on the upper Salmon River. Four anadromous adults were incorporated in the captive broodstock program spawning design for year 1999. The remaining three adults were released to Redfish Lake for natural spawning. All seven adults were adipose and left ventral fin-clipped, indicating hatchery origin. One sockeye salmon female from the anadromous group and 81 females from the captive broodstock group were spawned at the Eagle Fish Hatchery in 1999. Spawn pairings produced approximately 63,147 eyed-eggs with egg survival to eyed-stage of development averaging 38.97%. Eyed-eggs (20,311), presmolts (40,271), smolts (9,718), and adults (21) were planted or released into Sawtooth Valley waters in 1999. Supplementation strategies involved releases to Redfish Lake, Redfish Lake Creek, upper Salmon River (below the Sawtooth Fish Hatchery weir), Alturas Lake, and Pettit Lake. During this reporting period, four broodstocks and three production groups were in culture at the Eagle Fish Hatchery. Two of the four broodstocks were incorporated into the 1999 spawning design and one broodstock was terminated following the completion of spawning.

  10. 1999 environmental monitoring report for the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Pittsburgh Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1999 results for the Bettis-Pittsburgh radiological and nonradiological environmental monitoring programs are presented. The results demonstrate that the existing procedures ensured that releases to the environment during 1999 were in accordance with applicable Federal, State, County, and local regulations. Evaluation of the environmental data indicates that current operations at the Site continue to have no adverse effect on human health and the quality of the environment. A conservative assessment of radiation exposure to the general public as a result of Site operations demonstrates that the dose received by any member of the public was well below the most restrictive dose limits established by the Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the US Department of Energy. A risk assessment of potentially exposed populations to chemical residues in the environment at the Site demonstrates that these residues do not pose any significant risk to human health or the environment.

  11. FY 1999 Annual Self-Evaluation Report of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randy R. LaBarge

    1999-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (Pacific Northwest's) FY1999 Annual Self-Evaluation Report. This report summarizes our progress toward accomplishment of the critical outcomes, objectives, and performance indicators as delineated in the FY1999 Performance Evaluation & Fee Agreement. It also summarizes our analysis of the results of Pacific Northwest's Division and Directorate annual self-assessments, and the implementation of our key operational improvement initiatives. Together, these provide an indication of how well we have used our Integrated Assessment processes to identify and plan improvements for FY2000. As you review the report you will find areas of significantly positive progress; you will also note areas where I believe the Laboratory could make improvements. Overall, however, I believe you will be quite pleased to note that we have maintained, or exceeded, the high standards of performance we have set for the Laboratory.

  12. Parents Nursery Association Committee Minutes of the Meeting Held at 7.30 pm on 11 March 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowley, Stephen J.

    Parents Nursery Association Committee Minutes of the Meeting Held at 7.30 pm on 11 March 1999 $1096.51 in the bank, of which $147.70 is owed to the French teacher. We have commitments of $42

  13. Copyright 1999 The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ACS Thermal Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirianni, Marco

    is achieved by controlled heaters at many positions within the telescope. In the servicing mission SM3B test of March 1999 at GSFC. Figure 1: Temperature dependence of CCD dark currents The Solar Blind

  14. Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1999 The Structure of the Vacuolar ATPase in Neurospora crassa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowman, Barry

    Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1999 The Structure of the Vacuolar and Bowman, 1988).ideal organism for investigation of bioenergetic and transport phenomena in eukaryotic

  15. Literature Cited and Selected Bibliography Able, K.W. 1999. Measures of juvenile fish habitat quality: examples from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Changsheng

    . Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, NJ. 342 p. Able, K.W., J.P. Manderson, and A.L. Studholme. 1999 in Hydraulic Computations. 1988. Turbulence modeling of surface flow and transport. Journal of Hydraulic

  16. Risk prevention and policy formulation : responding to the 1999 mud-floods catastrophe in El Litoral Central, Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parisca-Blanco, Sonia

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifteen days of constant and intense rainfall in Venezuela culminated on December 16 1999, in catastrophic landslides and flooding along 25 miles of the Vargas State coastal strip. This catastrophe ravaged the Caracas ...

  17. 6.893 Approximability of Optimization Problems October 27, 1999 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan Scribe: Ryan O'Donnell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    6.893 Approximability of Optimization Problems October 27, 1999 Lecture 13 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan, and Sudan. Previously we viewed our code functions f : f0; 1g m ! Z 2 as taking values in the additive group

  18. Fusion Engineering and Design 45 (1999) 145167 Exploring novel high power density concepts for attractive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    for attractive fusion systems Mohamed A. Abdou *, The APEX Team Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department-310-2060501; fax: +1- 310-8252599. E-mail address: abdou@fusion.ucla.edu (M.A. Abdou) 0920-3796/99/$ - see front matter © 1999 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. PII: S0920-3796(99)00018-6 #12;M.A. Abdou et al

  19. Solid state research. Quarterly technical report 1 February--30 April 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaver, D.C.

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 February--30 April 1999. The topics covered are Quantum Electronics, Electro-optical Materials and Devices, Submicrometer Technology, Biosensor and Molecular Technologies, Microelectronics, Analog Device Technology, and Advanced Silicon Technology. Funding is provided by several DoD organizations--including the Air Force, Army, BMDO, DARPA, Navy, NSA, and OSD--and also by the DOE, NASA, and NIST.

  20. Appl. Phys. A 68, 379385 (1999) / DOI 10.1007/s003399900012 Applied Physics A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krahe, Rüdiger

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    & Processing © Springer-Verlag 1999 Invited paper UV-laser ablation of sensory cells in living insects G. Fuhr1. An experimental set-up for applying pulsed UV- laser ablation to the integument of insects and the high preci of UV-laser ablation are discussed. PACS: 43; 89; 42.55.Gp; 42.62.Be; 43.64.+r; 81.15.Fg Lasers have

  1. 82:450-462, 1999.J Neurophysiol N. Volfovsky, H. Parnas, M. Segal and E. Korkotian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Menahem

    82:450-462, 1999.J Neurophysiol N. Volfovsky, H. Parnas, M. Segal and E. Korkotian Experiments://jn.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/82/1/450#BIBL 5 other HighWire hosted articles:This article has been cited by [PDF][Full Text-resolution figures, can be found at:Updated information and services http://jn.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/82/1/450

  2. A proposed observation during the total solar eclipse on 11 August 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amitabha Ghosh; Soumitro Banerjee

    1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of inertial induction, which has been quite successful in explaining a number of hitherto unexplained astrophysical phenomena, predicts a redshift in light grazing massive objects. The total solar eclipse on 11 August 1999 offers an opportunity of testing the theory. In this paper we predict the additional redshift of a few stars during the eclipse and urge professional astronomers to do the observation.

  3. Radionuclide Air Emissions Report for the Hanford Site Calendar Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ROKKAN, D.J.

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions from the US. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in 1999 and the resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) member of the public. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities'', and with the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) Chapter 246-247. Radiation Protection-Air Emissions. The federal regulations in Subpart H of 40 CFR 61 require the measurement and reporting of radionuclides emitted from US. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities and the resulting offsite dose from those emissions. A standard of 10 mrem/yr effective dose equivalent (EDE) is imposed on them. The EDE to the MEI due to routine emissions in 1999 from Hanford Site point sources was 0.029 mrem (2.9 E-04 mSv), which is less than 0.3 percent of the federal standard. WAC 246-247 requires the reporting of radionuclide emissions from all Hanford Site sources, during routine as well as nonroutine operations. The state has adopted the 40 CFR 61 standard of 10 mrem/yr EDE into their regulations. The state further requires that the EDE to the MEI be calculated not only from point source emissions but also from diffuse and fugitive sources of emissions. The EDE from diffuse and fugitive emissions at the Hanford Site in 1999 was 0.039 mrem (3.9 E-04 mSv) EDE. The total dose from point sources and from diffuse and fugitive sources of radionuclide emissions during all operating conditions in 1999 was 0.068 mrem (6.8 E-04 mSv) EDE, which is less than 0.7 percent of the state standard.

  4. ORNL Superconducting Technology Program for Electric Power Systems, Annual Report for FY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawsey, R.A.; Murphy, A.W

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Superconducting Technology Program is conducted as part of a national effort by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to develop the science and technology base needed by U.S. industry for development of electric power applications of high-temperature superconductivity. The two major elements of this program are wire development and applications development. This document describes the major research and development activities for this program together with related accomplishments. The technical progress reported was summarized from recent open literature publications, presentations, and information prepared for the FY 1999 Annual Program Review held July 26--28, 1999. Aspects of ORNL's work that were presented at the International Cryogenic Materials Conference and the Cryogenic Engineering Conference (July 1999) are included in this report, as well. This ORNL program is highly leveraged by the staff and other resources of U.S. industry and universities. In fact, nearly three-fourths of the ORNL effort is devoted to cooperative projects with private companies. Interlaboratory teams are also in place on a number of industry-driven projects. Working group meetings, staff exchanges, and joint publications and presentations ensure that there is technology transfer with U.S. industry. Working together, the collaborative teams are making rapid progress in solving the scientific and technical issues necessary for the commercialization of long lengths of practical high-temperature superconductor wire and wire-using systems.

  5. Nevada Test 1999 Waste Management Monitoring Report, Area 3 and Area 5 radioactive waste management sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yvonne Townsend

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental monitoring data were collected at and around the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These monitoring data include radiation exposure, air, groundwater, meteorology, vadose zone, and biota data. Although some of these media (radiation exposure, air, and groundwater) are reported in detail in other Bechtel Nevada reports (Annual Site Environmental Report [ASER], the National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants [NESHAP] report, and the Annual Groundwater Monitoring Report), they are also summarized in this report to provide an overall evaluation of RWMS performance and environmental compliance. Direct radiation monitoring data indicate that exposure at and around the RWMSs is not above background levels. Air monitoring data indicate that tritium concentrations are slightly above background levels, whereas radon concentrations are not above background levels. Groundwater monitoring data indicate that the groundwater in the alluvial aquifer beneath the Area 5 RWMS has not been affected by the facility. Meteorology data indicate that 1999 was a dry year: rainfall totaled 3.9 inches at the Area 3 RWMS (61 percent of average) and 3.8 inches at the Area 5 RWMS (75 percent of average). Vadose zone monitoring data indicate that 1999 rainfall infiltrated less than one foot before being returned to the atmosphere by evaporation. Soil-gas tritium data indicate very slow migration, and tritium concentrations in biota were insignificant. All 1999 monitoring data indicate that the Area 3 and Area 5 RWMSs are performing as expected at isolating buried waste.

  6. ORNL Superconducting Technology Program for Electric Power Systems: Annual Report for FY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawsey, R.A.

    2000-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Superconducting Technology Program is conducted as part of a national effort by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to develop the science and technology base needed by U.S. industry for development of electric power applications of high-temperature superconductivity. The two major elements of this program are wire development and applications development. This document describes the major research and development activities for this program together with related accomplishments. The technical progress reported was summarized from recent open literature publications, presentations, and information prepared for the FY 1999 Annual Program Review held July 26-28, 1999. Aspects of ORNL's work that were presented at the International Cryogenic Materials Conference and the Cryogenic Engineering Conference (July 1999) are included in this report, as well. This ORNL program is highly leveraged by the staff and other resources of U.S. industry and universities. In fact, nearly three-fourths of the ORNL effort is devoted to cooperative projects with private companies. Interlaboratory teams are also in place on a number of industry-driven projects. Working group meetings, staff exchanges, and joint publications and presentations ensure that there is technology transfer with U.S. industry. Working together, the collaborative teams are making rapid progress in solving the scientific and technical issues necessary for the commercialization of long lengths of practical high-temperature superconductor wire and wire-using systems.

  7. Hanford Site Environment Safety and Health (ES and H) FY 1999 and FY 2000 Execution Commitment Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    REEP, I.E.

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    All sites in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Complex prepare this report annually for the DOE Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the previous and current year's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) execution commitments and the S&H resources that support these activities. The fiscal year (FY) 1999 and 2000 information (Sieracki 1999) and data contained in the ''Hanford Site Environment, Safety and Health Fiscal Year 2001 Budget-Risk Management Summary'' (RL 1999) were the basis for preparing this report. Fiscal year 2000 finding of Office of Environmental Management (EM) and Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology (NE) activities is based on the President's budget of $1,065.1 million and $28.0 million, plus $2.7 million carryover finding, respectively, as of October 31, 1999. Any funding changes as a result of the Congressional appropriation process will be reflected in the Fiscal Year 2002 ES&H Budget-Risk Management Summary to be issued in May 2000. This report provides the end-of-year status of FY 1999 ES&H execution commitments, including actual S&H expenditures, and describes planned FY 2000 ES&H execution commitments and the S&H resources needed to support those activities. This requirement is included in the ES&H ''Guidance for FY200l Budget Formulations and Execution'' (DOE 1999).

  8. The East Tennessee Technology Park Progress Report for the Tennessee Hazardous Waste Reduction Act for Calendar Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is prepared for the East Tennessee Technology Park (formerly the Oak Ridge K-25 Site) (ETTP) in compliance with the ''Tennessee Hazardous Waste Reduction Act of 1990'' (THWRA) (TDEC 1990), Tennessee Code Annotated 68-212-306. Annually, THWRA requires a review of the site waste reduction plan, completion of summary waste reduction information as part of the site's annual hazardous waste reporting, and completion of an annual progress report analyzing and quantifying progress toward THWRA-required waste stream-specific reduction goals. This THWRA-required progress report provides information about ETTP's hazardous waste streams regulated under THWRA and waste reduction progress made in calendar year (CY) 1999. This progress report also documents the annual review of the site plan, ''Oak Ridge Operations Environmental Management and Enrichment Facilities (EMEF) Pollution Prevention Program Plan'', BJC/OR-306/R1 (Bechtel Jacobs Company 199a). In 1996, ETTP established new goal year ratios that extended the goal year to CY 1999 and targeted 50 percent waste stream-specific reduction goals. In CY 1999, these CY 1999 goals were extended to CY 2000 for all waste streams that generated waste in 1999. Of the 70 ETTP RCRA waste streams tracked in this report from base years as early as CY 1991, 51 waste streams met or exceeded their reduction goal based on the CY 1999 data.

  9. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Annual Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Virginia Finley

    2001-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the 1999 environmental surveillance and monitoring program for the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) are presented and discussed. The purpose of this report is to provide the U.S. Department of Energy and the public with information on the level of radioactive and non-radioactive pollutants (if any) that are added to the environment as a result of PPPL's operations. The report also summarizes environmental initiatives, assessments, and programs that were undertaken in 1999. The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has engaged in fusion energy research since 1951. The long-range goal of the U.S. Magnetic Fusion Energy Research Program is to create innovations to make fusion power a practical reality--an alternative energy source. 1999 marked the first year of National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) operations and Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) dismantlement and deconstruction activities. A collaboration among fourteen national laboratories, universities, and research institutions, the NSTX is a major element in the U.S. Fusion Energy Sciences Program. It has been designed to test the physics principles of spherical torus (ST) plasmas. The ST concept could play an important role in the development of smaller, more economical fusion reactors. With its completion within budget and ahead of its target schedule, NSTX first plasma occurred on February 12, 1999. The 1999 performance of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory was rated ''outstanding'' by the U.S. Department of Energy in the Laboratory Appraisal report issued early in 2000. The report cited the Laboratory's consistently excellent scientific and technological achievements, its successful management practices, and included high marks in a host of other areas including environmental management, employee health and safety, human resources administration, science education, and communications. Groundwater investigations continued under a voluntary agreement with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. PPPL monitored for the presence of non-radiological contaminants, mainly volatile organic compounds (components of degreasing solvents). Monitoring revealed the presence of low levels of volatile organic compounds in an area adjacent to PPPL. Also, PPPL's radiological monitoring program characterized the ambient, background levels of tritium in the environment and from the TFTR stack; the data are presented in this report.

  10. Reevaluation of 1999 Health-Based Environmental Screening Levels (HBESLs) for Chemical Warfare Agents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL; Dolislager, Fredrick G [ORNL

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report evaluates whether new information and updated scientific models require that changes be made to previously published health-based environmental soil screening levels (HBESLs) and associated environmental fate/breakdown information for chemical warfare agents (USACHPPM 1999). Specifically, the present evaluation describes and compares changes that have been made since 1999 to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) risk assessment models, EPA exposure assumptions, as well as to specific chemical warfare agent parameters (e.g., toxicity values). Comparison was made between screening value estimates recalculated with current assumptions and earlier health-based environmental screening levels presented in 1999. The chemical warfare agents evaluated include the G-series and VX nerve agents and the vesicants sulfur mustard (agent HD) and Lewisite (agent L). In addition, key degradation products of these agents were also evaluated. Study findings indicate that the combined effect of updates and/or changes to EPA risk models, EPA default exposure parameters, and certain chemical warfare agent toxicity criteria does not result in significant alteration to the USACHPPM (1999) health-based environmental screening level estimates for the G-series and VX nerve agents or the vesicant agents HD and L. Given that EPA's final position on separate Tier 1 screening levels for indoor and outdoor worker screening assessments has not yet been released as of May 2007, the study authors find that the 1999 screening level estimates (see Table ES.1) are still appropriate and protective for screening residential as well as nonresidential sites. As such, risk management decisions made on the basis of USACHPPM (1999) recommendations do not require reconsideration. While the 1999 HBESL values are appropriate for continued use as general screening criteria, the updated '2007' estimates (presented below) that follow the new EPA protocols currently under development are also protective. When EPA finalizes and documents a position on the matter of indoor and outdoor worker screening assessments, site-specific risk assessments should make use of modified models and criteria. Screening values such as those presented in this report may be used to assess soil or other porous media to determine whether chemical warfare agent contamination is present as part of initial site investigations (whether due to intentional or accidental releases) and to determine whether weather/decontamination has adequately mitigated the presence of agent residual to below levels of concern. However, despite the availability of scientifically supported health-based criteria, there are significant resources needs that should be considered during sample planning. In particular, few analytical laboratories are likely to be able to meet these screening levels. Analyses will take time and usually have limited confidence at these concentrations. Therefore, and particularly for the more volatile agents, soil/destructive samples of porous media should be limited and instead enhanced with headspace monitoring and presence-absence wipe sampling.

  11. Eur. J. Phys. 20 (1999) 183192. Printed in the UK PII: S0143-0807(99)97568-2 Sadi Carnot, `Founder of the Second

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Eur. J. Phys. 20 (1999) 183­192. Printed in the UK PII: S0143-0807(99)97568-2 Sadi Carnot, `Founder

  12. 1999 Annual Mixed Waste Management Facility Groundwater Correction - Action Report (Volumes I, II, and III)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, J.

    2000-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Report (CAR) for the Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) is being prepared to comply with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Permit Number SC1 890 008 989, dated October 31, 1999. This CAR compiles and presents all groundwater sampling and monitoring activities that are conducted at the MWMF. As set forth in previous agreements with South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), all groundwater associated with the Burial Ground Complex (BGC) (comprised of the MWMF, Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility, and Old Radioactive Waste Burial Ground) will be addressed under this RCRA Permit. This CAR is the first to be written for the MWMF and presents monitoring activities and results as an outcome of Interim Status and limited Permitted Status activities. All 1999 groundwater monitoring activities were conducted while the MWMF was operated during Interim Status. Changes to the groundwater monitoring program were made upon receipt of the RCRA Permit, where feasible. During 1999, 152 single-screened and six multi-screened groundwater monitoring wells at the BGC monitored groundwater quality in the uppermost aquifer as required by the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR), settlement agreements 87-52-SW and 91-51-SW, and RCRA Permit SC1 890 008 989. However, overall compliance with the recently issued RCRA Permit could not be implemented until the year 2000 due to the effective date of the RCRA Permit and scheduling of groundwater monitoring activities. Changes have been made to the groundwater monitoring network to meet Permit requirements for all 2000 sampling events.

  13. Energy Materials Coordinating Committee (EMaCC) Fiscal Year 1999 annual technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Energy Materials Coordinating Committee (EMaCC) serves primarily to enhance coordination among the Department`s materials programs and to further effective use of materials expertise within the Department. These functions are accomplished through the exchange of budgetary and planning information among program managers and through technical meetings/workshops on selected topics involving both DOE and major contractors. In addition, EMaCC assists in obtaining materials-related inputs for both intra- and interagency compilations. This report summarizes EMaCC activities for FY 1999 and describes the materials research programs of various offices and divisions within the Department.

  14. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1452 24 Nov 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1452 24 Nov 1999 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG8) Coding of Still as an option in WD, Part II DISTRIBUTION: WG 1 Mailing List Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener - Dr 408 447 4160, Fax: +1 408 447 2842, E-mail: Daniel_Lee@hp.com 1 #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1452 24 Nov

  15. Optical and Near-Infrared spectroscopy of Nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamath, U S; Ashok, N M; Mayya, Y D; Sahu, D K

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical and near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the fast nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2 covering various phases -- early decline, transition and nebular -- during the first eighteen months of its post-outburst evolution are presented in this paper. During this period, the nova evolved in the P_fe P_fe^o C_o spectral sequence. The transition from an optically thick wind to a polar blob - equatorial ring geometry is seen in the evolution of the spectral line profiles. There is evidence of density and temperature stratification in the ejecta. Physical conditions in the ejecta have been estimated based on our observations.

  16. Optical and Near-Infrared spectroscopy of Nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. S. Kamath; G. C. Anupama; N. M. Ashok; Y. D. Mayya; D. K. Sahu

    2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical and near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the fast nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2 covering various phases -- early decline, transition and nebular -- during the first eighteen months of its post-outburst evolution are presented in this paper. During this period, the nova evolved in the P_fe P_fe^o C_o spectral sequence. The transition from an optically thick wind to a polar blob - equatorial ring geometry is seen in the evolution of the spectral line profiles. There is evidence of density and temperature stratification in the ejecta. Physical conditions in the ejecta have been estimated based on our observations.

  17. Preliminary Notice of Violation, Mason & Hanger Corporation - EA-1999-05 |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHA AdministrativeofDepartment of- EA-1999-07Department

  18. Annual Report to Congress on Federal Government Energy Management and Conservation Programs, Fiscal Year 1999

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1Albuquerque, NMPerformanceofEnergy 51 Annual on1999 January 11,

  19. 1990 Washington State directory of biomass energy facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This second edition is an update of biomass energy production and use in Washington State for 1989. The purpose of this directory is to provide a listing of known biomass users within the state and some basic information about their facilities. The data can be helpful to persons or organizations considering the use of biomass fuels. The directory is divided into three sections of biomass facilities with each section containing a map of locations and a data summary table. In addition, a conversion table, a glossary and an index are provided in the back of the directory. The first section deals with biogas production from wastewater treatment plants. The second section provides information on the wood combustion facilities in the state. This section is subdivided into two categories. The first is for facilities connected with the forest products industries. The second category include other facilities using wood for energy. The third section is composed of three different types of biomass facilities -- ethanol, municipal solid waste, and solid fuel processing. Biomass facilities included in this directory produce over 64 trillion Btu (British thermal units) per year. Wood combustion facilities account for 91 percent of the total. Biogas and ethanol facilities each produce close to 800 billion Btu per year, MSW facilities produce 1845 billion BTU, and solid fuel processing facilities produce 2321 billion Btu per year. To put these numbers in perspective, Washington`s industrial section uses 200 trillion Btu of fuels per year. Therefore, biomass fuels used and/or produced by facilities listed in this directory account for nearly 32 percent of the state`s total industrial fuel demand. This is a sizable contribution to the state`s energy needs.

  20. 1990 Washington State directory of biomass energy facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This second edition is an update of biomass energy production and use in Washington State for 1989. The purpose of this directory is to provide a listing of known biomass users within the state and some basic information about their facilities. The data can be helpful to persons or organizations considering the use of biomass fuels. The directory is divided into three sections of biomass facilities with each section containing a map of locations and a data summary table. In addition, a conversion table, a glossary and an index are provided in the back of the directory. The first section deals with biogas production from wastewater treatment plants. The second section provides information on the wood combustion facilities in the state. This section is subdivided into two categories. The first is for facilities connected with the forest products industries. The second category include other facilities using wood for energy. The third section is composed of three different types of biomass facilities -- ethanol, municipal solid waste, and solid fuel processing. Biomass facilities included in this directory produce over 64 trillion Btu (British thermal units) per year. Wood combustion facilities account for 91 percent of the total. Biogas and ethanol facilities each produce close to 800 billion Btu per year, MSW facilities produce 1845 billion BTU, and solid fuel processing facilities produce 2321 billion Btu per year. To put these numbers in perspective, Washington's industrial section uses 200 trillion Btu of fuels per year. Therefore, biomass fuels used and/or produced by facilities listed in this directory account for nearly 32 percent of the state's total industrial fuel demand. This is a sizable contribution to the state's energy needs.

  1. The Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation of Oregon John Day Basin Office: FY 1999 Watershed Restoration Projects : Annual Report 1999.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, Shawn W.

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The John Day River is the second longest free-flowing river in the contiguous United States and one of the few major subbasins in the Columbia River basin containing entirely unsupplemented runs of anadromous fish. Located in eastern Oregon, the basin drains over 8,000 square miles, the fourth largest drainage area in Oregon. With its beginning in the Strawberry Mountains near the town of Prairie City, the John Day flows 284 miles in a northwesterly direction, entering the Columbia River approximately four miles upstream of the John Day dam. With wild runs of spring chinook salmon and summer steelhead, red band, westslope cutthroat, and redband trout, the John Day system is truly one of national significance. The entire John Day basin was granted to the Federal government in 1855 by the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon (Tribes). In 1997, the Tribes established an office in the basin to coordinate restoration projects, monitoring, planning and other watershed activities on private and public lands. Once established, the John Day Basin Office (JDBO) initiated contracting the majority of its construction implementation actions with the Grant Soil and Water Conservation District (GSWCD), also located in the town of John Day. The GSWCD completes the landowner contact, preliminary planning, engineering design, permitting, construction contracting, and construction implementation phases of the projects. The JDBO completes the planning, grant solicitation/defense, environmental compliance, administrative contracting, monitoring, and reporting portion of the program. Most phases of project planning, implementation, and monitoring are coordinated with the private landowners and basin agencies, such as the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and Oregon Water Resources Department. In 1999, the JDBO and GSWCD proposed continuation of a successful partnership between the two agencies and basin landowners to implement an additional eleven (11) watershed conservation projects. The types of projects implemented included installation of infiltration galleries, permanent diversions, pumping stations, and irrigation efficiency upgrades. Project costs in 1999 totaled $284,514.00 with a total amount of $141,628.00 (50%) provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the remainder coming from other sources such as the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR), Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board, and individual landowners.

  2. Habitat Projects Completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, 1999 Completion Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Bradley J.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington in WRIA 35. According to WDFW's Priority WRIA's by At-Risk Stock Significance Map, it is the highest priority in southeastern WA. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred seventy-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1999. Twenty of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1999 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; thirty-eight were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as vegetative plantings (17,000 trees and shrubs) and noxious weed control. Two sediment basin constructions, 67 acres of grass seeding, and seven hundred forty-five acres of minimum till were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed.

  3. Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1999. DOE Operations at The Boeing Company, Rocketdyne

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK A271 Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1999. DOE Operations at The Boeing Company, Rocketdyne. This Annual Site Environmental Report (ASER) for 1999 describes the environmental conditions related to work performed for the Department of Energy (DOE) at Area IV of the Rocketdyne Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL). In the past, these operations included development, fabrication, and disassembly of nuclear reactors, reactor fuel, and other radioactive materials under the former Atomics International Division. Other activities included the operation of large-scale liquid metal facilities for testing of liquid metal fast breeder components at the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC), a government-owned, company-operated test facility within Area IV. All nuclear work was terminated in 1988, and subsequently, all radiological work has been directed toward decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of the previously used nuclear facilities and associated site areas. Large-scale D&D activities of the sodium test facilities began in 1996. This Annual Site Environmental Report provides information showing that there are no indications of any potential impact on public health and safety due to the operations conducted at the SSFL. All measures and calculations of off-site conditions demonstrate compliance with applicable regulations, which provide for protection of human health and the environment.

  4. "Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data from03.4 Relative2.4942

  5. "Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data from03.4 Relative2.49422

  6. Energy consumption and expenditure projections by population group on the basis of the annual energy outlook 1999 forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.; Balsley, J.H.

    2000-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an analysis of the relative impact of the base-case scenario used in Annual Energy Outlook 1999 on different population groups. Projections of energy consumption and expenditures, as well as energy expenditure as a share of income, from 1996 to 2020 are given. The projected consumption of electricty, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas during this period is also reported for each population group. In addition, this report compares the findings of the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 report with the 1998 report. Changes in certain indicators and information affect energy use forecasts, and these effects are analyzed and discussed.

  7. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 27, NO. 24, PAGES 4033-4036, DECEMBER 15, 2000 Behavior of the aurora during 10-12 May, 1999 when

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of the aurora during 10-12 May, 1999 when the solar wind nearly disappeared G. Parks1 , M. Brittnacher1 , D. Chua1 , M. Fillingim1 , G. Germany2 , and J. Spann3,4 Abstract. The aurora was still active-1 ) during May 10-12, 1999. The aurora was observed at high magnetic latitudes indicat- ing

  8. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHLETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 9, PAGES 1231-1234,MAY 1, 1999 The structure of iron under the conditions of the Earth's inner core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vocadlo, Lidunka

    GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHLETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 9, PAGES 1231-1234,MAY 1, 1999 The structure of iron ResearchSchoolof GeologicalandGeophysicalSciences,BirkbeckCollegeandUniversityCollegeLondon, UK Michael J conjunctionwithquasiharmonic Copyright1999bytheAmericanGeophysicalUnion. latticedynamicsto obtainfree energiesof all

  9. August 15, 1999 / Vol. 24, No. 16 / OPTICS LETTERS 1115 Generation of millijoule-level soft-x-ray laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    August 15, 1999 / Vol. 24, No. 16 / OPTICS LETTERS 1115 Generation of millijoule-level soft of the brightest soft-x-ray sources to date. 1999 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: 140.7240, 140.3280, 140 of soft-x-ray pulses that result from the generation of high-order harmonics of optical lasers

  10. Annals of Botany 85: 225232, 2000 doi: 10.1006\\anbo.1999.1022, available online at http:\\\\www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Showalter, Allan M.

    :\\\\www.idealibrary.com on Effects of Salinity on Growth, Water Relations and Ion Accumulation of the Subtropical Perennial Halophyte Returned for revision: 13 September 1999 Accepted: 13 October 1999 The effects of salinity on growth, water a substantial promotion at 90 mM NaCl. The water potential and osmotic potential of shoots became more negative

  11. 0-7695-0040-4/99 $10.00 1999 IEEE Determining the Skeletons of the Auroras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syrjäsuo, Mikko

    0-7695-0040-4/99 $10.00 © 1999 IEEE Determining the Skeletons of the Auroras Mikko T. Syrjäsuo the skeletons of auroras in a noisy environment. The algorithm is based on batch mode self- organising map to separate cloudy images, dark images, or moonlit images from true observations of the auroras. In this work

  12. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 468 (1999) 104109 Mass transport behavior of polypyrrole and poly(N-methylpyrrole)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Juhyoun

    Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 468 (1999) 104­109 Mass transport behavior of polypyrrole The mass transport mechanism of polypyrrole (PPy) and poly(N-methylpyrrole) (PMPy) films in an acetonitrile) technique. Cations as well as anions take part in ion transport during the redox reaction of PPy films

  13. arXiv:physics/9711021v2[physics.data-an]16Dec1999 HUTP-97/A096

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    is based on the data. We apply the construction to two related problems which have recently been a battlearXiv:physics/9711021v2[physics.data-an]16Dec1999 HUTP-97/A096 A Unified Approach to the Classical 02138 Robert D. Cousins Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA

  14. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 438 (1999) 217}220 Gold and isotopically enriched platinium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orozco, Luis A.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800, USA Abstract Au and isotopically enriched Pt targetsNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 438 (1999) 217}220 Gold and isotopically enriched platinium targets for the production of radioactive beams of francium A.R. Lipski*, L.A. Orozco, M

  15. Brazilian Journal of Physics, vol. 29, no. 4, December, 1999 715 Quantum Hall E ect in a Wide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    .C. Portal 2;3 , N.T. Moshegov4 , and A.I. Toropov4 1 Instituto de F sica da Universidade de S~ao Paulo, CP-Toulouse, 31077, France 4 Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia Received February 8, 1999 We

  16. Journal of Fusion Energy, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1999 Report of the FEAC Inertial Fusion Energy Review Panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    participation in the of the Fusion Energy Sciences Program of the Office of International Thermonuclear ReactorJournal of Fusion Energy, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1999 Report of the FEAC Inertial Fusion Energy Review. S. Department of Energy Fusion Energy Advisory Committee (FEAC) review of its Inertial Fusion Energy

  17. 1732 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 24, No. 23 / December 1, 1999 Deconvolution of local surface response from topography in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a simple yet accurate method for the deconvolution of topography from lo- cal surface responses. We1732 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 24, No. 23 / December 1, 1999 Deconvolution of local surface response from topography in nanometer profilometry with a dual-scan method Chao-Wei Tsai, Chau-Hwang Lee

  18. Ecosystem Approaches for Fisheries Management 609 Alaska Sea Grant College Program AK-SG-99-01, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ecosystem Approaches for Fisheries Management 609 Alaska Sea Grant College Program · AK-SG-99-01, 1999 Ecosystem Considerations and the Limitations of Ecosystem Models in Fisheries Management: Insights for the implementation of ecosystem approaches. The major criticism of single- species models is that they cannot predict

  19. 1456 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 45, NO. 5, JULY 1999 SpaceTime Block Codes from Orthogonal Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    different antennas rather than joint detection. This uses the orthogonal structure of the space­time block1456 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 45, NO. 5, JULY 1999 Space­Time Block Codes from--We introduce space­time block coding, a new par- adigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using

  20. PHYSICAL REVIEW SPECIAL TOPICS -ACCELERATORS AND BEAMS, VOLUME 2, 114001 (1999) Higher-order effects in polarized proton dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffstaetter, Georg

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIEW SPECIAL TOPICS - ACCELERATORS AND BEAMS, VOLUME 2, 114001 (1999) Higher-order effects in polarized proton dynamics G. H. Hoffstaetter* Institute for Applied Physics, Darmstadt accelerated to energies higher than 25 GeV. During the acceleration process, the beam polarization is quite