National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for trends current laws

  1. Smart Home Concepts: Current Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatesh, Alladi

    2003-01-01

    Smart Home Concepts: Current Trends Alladi Venkatesh Ph.D.developments concerning smart home technologies and theirNews (Southern Report): Smart homes and high-tech clothing

  2. Current trends in the Advanced Bioindustry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Afternoon Plenary Session: Current Trends in the Advanced Bioindustry State of Technology—Michael McAdams, President, Advanced Biofuels Association

  3. Current trends in income statements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cass, Edwin Childers

    1948-01-01

    years 2 000 000 sy&i~9 Earnings of' prior years transferred to capital stock account. ' 99 dr 124, 4452088 Accumulated. earnings invested in plant facilitlss and added to zorking oaptta1 at ead od' year . ~189 4'14 919 An example of' the second...~the ?clams surplus theory, ?2 . ?& the ?all-inclusive income statement", , = or ths. "historical approach" ~ . And those who favor tbs second belief' are said to accept ths ?eiarning* power approach", oz the "current opera- ?, 5 ting perf'ozmance concept...

  4. Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director, Office of Policy, OAPM Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director, Office of Policy,...

  5. Survey of Trends in Search and Seizure Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonkovich, Emil A.

    1987-01-01

    This article surveys significant trends in search and seizure law. Recent United States Supreme Court decisions are reviewed. The scope of this survey is limited to the following four areas: (1) fourth amendment protected interests; (2) the probable...

  6. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation of Foreign Nationals POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation of Foreign Nationals Due to recent...

  7. Current and Future Trends in Imaging Informatics for Oncology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Daniel L.

    Current and Future Trends in Imaging Informatics for Oncology Mia A. Levy, MD, PhD* and Daniel L, and future trends in imaging informatics for oncology care including clinical and clini- cal research systems con- straints of the film library. Oncologists are now able to view the imaging studies

  8. Current technologies and trends of aluminum design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Michael, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    A literature review of current aluminum technology in the building and construction industry was carried out. Aluminum is an ideal material for building in corrosive environments and for building structures where small ...

  9. biopharmadealmakers Current deal trends and prospects in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    ). The consistency, despite the vagaries of the economic climate, confirms the importance of monoclonal antibodies be considered as outdated technology for human therapeutics," said Steve Poile, CEO of Current Partnering. Show the average. Technology deals: driving discovery and development In order to keep therapeutic antibody R

  10. TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law

  11. An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasulkhozha S. Sharafiddinov

    2015-05-28

    The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space in which a neutrino is characterized by left as well as by right space-time coordinates. Therefore, it is not surprising that whatever the main purposes experiments about a quasielastic axial-vector mass say in favor of an axial-vector mirror Minkowski space-time.

  12. An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharafiddinov, Rasulkhozha S

    2015-01-01

    The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space i...

  13. Current Trends in Gamma Ray Detection for Radiological Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

    2011-08-18

    Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies.

  14. Current Trends in Logical Frameworks and Metalanguages David Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    Current Trends in Logical Frameworks and Metalanguages David Basin Universitat Freiburg, Institut-Level Programming Languages (PLI'99) in Paris in September 1999. This workshop brought together designers, im Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. intro-final.tex; 24/01/2001; 17:13; p.1 #12; 2 Basin

  15. Reliability of the U.S. electric system -- Recent trends and current issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie; Kawann, Cornelia

    2002-01-01

    since 1990, the average SAIDI and SAIFI indices attributableTrends and Current Issues SAIDI SAIFI SC SCADA SERC SPP TO? N C N i ? r N ? N i i i SAIDI SAIFI 5. LOLE (Loss of Load

  16. EXTENDED SCHMIDT LAW: ROLE OF EXISTING STARS IN CURRENT STAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    We propose an 'extended Schmidt law' with explicit dependence of the star formation efficiency (SFE SFRMsub gas) on the stellar mass surface density (Sigmasub star). This...

  17. Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenny, W. F.

    1988-01-01

    The objectives of this paper are first, to summarize the kind of activity that has been going on since 1980 in the application of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas...

  18. Algebras of relations of various ranks, some current trends and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andréka, Hajnal

    logic is the world of Boole- an algebras (BA's for short). BA theory was immensely successful in helpingAlgebras of relations of various ranks, some current trends and applications Hajnal Andr´eka, Judit structuralist approach to logic: relation algebras, cylindric algebras, polyadic algebras, and Boolean algebras

  19. Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history in the Caribbean. c We conduct a cost benefit analysis of four Caribbean renewable energy projects. c Results show Developing States (SIDS) Renewable energy technology Enabling policy a b s t r a c t Island regions

  20. Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiello, Marco

    Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend Giuliano Andrea Pagani and Marco, The Netherlands {g.a.pagani,m.aiello}@rug.nl Abstract. The energy sector, which has traditionally been to produce, deal and transport energy, and energy consumers are now in the position to also produce and trade

  1. United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information regarding a wide range of technologies in a way that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information Information and Guidelines: United States Export Control Laws, on the CSU Export Control website (http://web.research.colostate.edu/OSP/export.aspx). 1. What are Export Controls? The United States government has a vested interest in protecting

  2. Scaling law for direct current field emission-driven microscale gas breakdown

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venkattraman, A.; Alexeenko, A. A.

    2012-12-15

    The effects of field emission on direct current breakdown in microscale gaps filled with an ambient neutral gas are studied numerically and analytically. Fundamental numerical experiments using the particle-in-cell/Monte Carlo collisions method are used to systematically quantify microscale ionization and space-charge enhancement of field emission. The numerical experiments are then used to validate a scaling law for the modified Paschen curve that bridges field emission-driven breakdown with the macroscale Paschen law. Analytical expressions are derived for the increase in cathode electric field, total steady state current density, and the ion-enhancement coefficient including a new breakdown criterion. It also includes the effect of all key parameters such as pressure, operating gas, and field-enhancement factor providing a better predictive capability than existing microscale breakdown models. The field-enhancement factor is shown to be the most sensitive parameter with its increase leading to a significant drop in the threshold breakdown electric field and also to a gradual merging with the Paschen law. The proposed scaling law is also shown to agree well with two independent sets of experimental data for microscale breakdown in air. The ability to accurately describe not just the breakdown voltage but the entire pre-breakdown process for given operating conditions makes the proposed model a suitable candidate for the design and analysis of electrostatic microscale devices.

  3. The Right to DREAM: an ethical perspective on the DREAM act and current citizenship laws in the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Funk, Kendall

    2012-04-20

    This paper discusses the DREAM Act and current United States citizenship laws from a normative perspective. I argue that there are certain moral claims to citizenship that a non-citizen may hold and that citizenship status ...

  4. Power plant capital investment cost estimates: current trends and sensitivity to economic parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    This report describes power plant capital investment cost studies that were carried out as part of the activities of the Plans and Analysis Division, Office of Nuclear Energy Programs, US Department of Energy. The activities include investment cost studies prepared by an architect-engineer, including trends, effects of environmental and safety requirements, and construction schedules. A computer code used to prepare capital investment cost estimates under varying economic conditions is described, and application of this code is demonstrated by sensitivity studies.

  5. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01

    Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, andWind Power Development in the United States: Current94720 Abstract: The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of

  6. An overview of RDF processing systems: Current status, design features, and future trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohlsson, O.O. ); Walter, D.K. . Waste Material Management Div.); Goodman, B.J. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper discusses the recent history of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) processing facilities in the United States. The current status of these facilities, including environmental, institutional, and economic considerations is discussed. The unit operations used to produce a desired RDF product are described, and the future potential of RDF processing systems is evaluated. Current research sponsored by the US Department of Energy is also presented. 6 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

  7. Spurious trends in global surface drifter currents Semyon A. Grodsky,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in order to monitor the spatial and temporal changes of these currents throughout the world ocean, Technocean, Metocean, Pacific Gyre, and Clearwater. In 2002, in order to reduce manufacturing costs, a new 1979. At least half of the World Ocean now has drifter velocity time series longer than 15 years

  8. Improving Control System Security through the Evaluation of Current Trends in Computer Security Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rolston

    2005-03-01

    At present, control system security efforts are primarily technical and reactive in nature. What has been overlooked is the need for proactive efforts, focused on the IT security research community from which new threats might emerge. Evaluating cutting edge IT security research and how it is evolving can provide defenders with valuable information regarding what new threats and tools they can anticipate in the future. Only known attack methodologies can be blocked, and there is a gap between what is known to the general security community and what is being done by cutting edge researchers --both those trying to protect systems and those trying to compromise them. The best security researchers communicate with others in their field; they know what cutting edge research is being done; what software can be penetrated via this research; and what new attack techniques and methodologies are being circulated in the black hat community. Standardization of control system applications, operating systems, and networking protocols is occurring at a rapid rate, following a path similar to the standardization of modern IT networks. Many attack methodologies used on IT systems can be ported over to the control system environment with little difficulty. It is extremely important to take advantage of the lag time between new research, its use on traditional IT networks, and the time it takes to port the research over for use on a control system network. Analyzing nascent trends in IT security and determining their applicability to control system networks provides significant information regarding defense mechanisms needed to secure critical infrastructure more effectively. This work provides the critical infrastructure community with a better understanding of how new attacks might be launched, what layers of defense will be needed to deter them, how the attacks could be detected, and how their impact could be limited.

  9. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  10. Climate Change Vulnerability and Resilience: Current Status and Trends for Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibarraran , Maria E.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Brenkert, Antoinette L.

    2008-12-30

    Climate change alters different localities on the planet in different ways. The impact on each region depends mainly on the degree of vulnerability that natural ecosystems and human-made infrastructure have to changes in climate and extreme meteorological events, as well as on the coping and adaptation capacity towards new environmental conditions. This study assesses the current resilience of Mexico and Mexican states to such changes, as well as how this resilience will look in the future. In recent studies (Moss et al. 2000, Brenkert and Malone 2005, Malone and Brenket 2008, Ibarrarán et al. 2007), the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicators Model (VRIM) is used to integrate a set of proxy variables that determine the resilience of a region to climate change. Resilience, or the ability of a region to respond to climate variations and natural events that result from climate change, is given by its adaptation and coping capacity and its sensitivity. On the one hand, the sensitivity of a region to climate change is assessed, emphasizing its infrastructure, food security, water resources, and the health of the population and regional ecosystems. On the other hand, coping and adaptation capacity is based on the availability of human resources, economic capacity and environmental capacity.

  11. Current Trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanibbi, Richard

    in the industry, with a focus on local telephone companies and their customers. My thesis is that the big fish will eat the little fish, but enough fish will survive to provide more and better services at lower prices

  12. Current Short-Range Tests of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua C. Long; John C. Price

    2003-04-04

    Motivated in large part by the possibility of observing signatures of compact extra dimensions, experimental searches for deviations from Newtonian gravity at short distances have improved in sensitivity by many orders of magnitude in the past five years. We review the essential features of the experiments responsible for the current limits on new effects in the range from a few microns to a few centimeters, and discuss prospects for the near future.

  13. Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

    2008-01-01

    ?s?improved?position?since?economic?deregulation,?especially?as?it?relates?to?infrastructure? investment?and?safety?performance.?Chapter?3?follows?with?an?evaluation?of?the?current?operating? environment?as?it?relates?to?demand,?capacity,?and?productivity.?In?light?of?demand?forecasts,?we?assess? the...?the?report?with?public?policy?recommendations?designed?to?ensure?the?health,? safety,?and?economic?vitality?of?the?industry,?its?employees?and?customers,?and?the?public.?Based?on? assessments?of?the?industry?s?current?performance?and?predictions?of?future?challenges,?the?following? recommendations...

  14. Preliminary evaluation of the performance, water use, and current application trends of evaporative coolers in California climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Y.J.; Hanford, J.W.; Wu, H.F.

    1992-09-01

    This paper describes the latest results of an ongoing analysis investigating the potential for evaporative cooling as an energy-efficient alternative to standard air-conditioning in California residences. In particular, the study uses detailed numerical models of evaporative coolers linked with the DOE-2 building energy simulation program to study the issues of indoor comfort, energy and peak demand savings with and without supplemental air-conditioning and consumptive water use. In addition, limited surveys are used to assess the current market availability of evaporative cooling in California, typical contractor practices and costs, and general acceptance of the technology among engineers, contractors, and manufacturers. The results show that evaporative coolers can provide significant energy and peak demand savings in California residences, but the impact of the increased indoor humidity on human comfort remains an unanswered question that requires further research and clarification. Evaluated against ASHRAE comfort standards developed primarily for air-conditioning both direct and two-stage evaporative coolers would not maintain comfort at peak cooling conditions due to excessive humidity. However, using bioclimatic charts that place human comfort at the 80% relative humidity line, the study suggests that direct evaporative coolers will work in mild coastal climates, while two-stage models should provide adequate comfort in Title 24 houses throughout California, except in the Imperial Valley. The study also shows that evaporative coolers will increase household water consumption by less than 6% on an annual basis, and as much as 23% during peak cooling months, and that the increases in water cost are minimal compared to the electricity savings. Lastly, a survey of engineers and contractors revealed generally positive experiences with evaporative coolers, with operational cost savings, improved comfort, unproved air quality as the primary benefits in their use.

  15. Current

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in ActinideRail betweenProtection andCurrent profile

  16. New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced Stages of Development New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently...

  17. Axial magnetic field and toroidally streaming fast ions in the dense plasma focus are natural consequences of conservation laws in the curved axisymmetric geometry of the current sheath

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auluck, S. K. H.

    2014-10-15

    Direct measurement of axial magnetic field in the PF-1000 dense plasma focus (DPF), and its reported correlation with neutron emission, call for a fresh look at previous reports of existence of axial magnetic field component in the DPF from other laboratories, and associated data suggesting toroidal directionality of fast ions participating in fusion reactions, with a view to understand the underlying physics. In this context, recent work dealing with application of the hyperbolic conservation law formalism to the DPF is extended in this paper to a curvilinear coordinate system, which reflects the shape of the DPF current sheath. Locally unidirectional shock propagation in this coordinate system enables construction of a system of 7 one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation law equations with geometric source terms, taking into account all the components of magnetic field and flow velocity. Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions for this system lead to expressions for the axial magnetic field and three components of fluid velocity having high ion kinetic energy.

  18. Navigating Fragmented Ocean Law in the California Current: Tools to Identify and Measure Gaps and Overlaps for Ecosystem-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekstrom, Julia A.

    2008-01-01

    in California law between plankton and power plant. Sinceas of 2005, California had 388 power plants dependent on gasand power plant and carbon emission are also gaps for California

  19. Current trends in mapping human genes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mckusick, V.A. )

    1991-01-01

    The human is estimated to have at least 50,000 expressed genes (gene loci). Some information is available concerning about 5,000 of these gene loci and about 1,900 have been mapped, i.e., assigned to specific chromosomes (and in most instances particular chromosome regions). Progress has been achieved by a combination of physical mapping (e.g., study of somatic cell hybrids and chromosomal in situ hybridization) and genetic mapping (e.g., genetic linkage studies). New methods for both physical and genetic mapping are expanding the armamentarium. The usefulness of the mapping information is already evident; the spin-off from the Human Genome Project (HGP) begins immediately. the complete nucleotide sequence is the ultimate map of the human genome. Sequencing, although already under way for limited segments of the genome, will await further progress in gene mapping, and in particular creation of contig maps for each chromosome. Meanwhile the technology of sequencing and sequence information handling will be developed.

  20. TECH ART & DESIGN SCIENCE TRENDING TRENDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    cell phones (http://www.dvice.com/2013-7-22/researchers- create-pee-powered-cellphone), but the abilityMORE SITES TECH ART & DESIGN SCIENCE TRENDING TRENDING 6Trending WIND POWER (/TAGS/WIND-POWER) CELL PHONES (/TAGS/CELL-PHONES) RENEWABLE ENERGY (/TAGS/RENEWABLE-ENERGY) Micro-windmills could power cell

  1. Trends in stationary energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Trends in Stationary Energy Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  2. Drivers, Trends and Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco, Arthur S.; Gerlagh, Reyer; Suh, Sangwon; Barrett, John A.; de Coninck, Heleen; Diaz Morejon, Cristobal Felix; Mathur, Ritu; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Ahenkorah, Alfred Ofosu; Pan, Jiahua; Pathak, Himanshu; Rice, Jake; Richels, Richard G.; Smith, Steven J.; Stern, David; Toth, Ferenc L.; Zhou, Peter

    2014-12-01

    Chapter 5 analyzes the anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends until the present and the main drivers that explain those trends. The chapter uses different perspectives to analyze past GHG-emissions trends, including aggregate emissions flows and per capita emissions, cumulative emissions, sectoral emissions, and territory-based vs. consumption-based emissions. In all cases, global and regional trends are analyzed. Where appropriate, the emission trends are contextualized with long-term historic developments in GHG emissions extending back to 1750.

  3. Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotropia, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    conduct doctrine, but the patent system in general. Berkeleyof the currently pending patent reform legislation containsUTCLE 12th Annual Advanced Patent Law Institute, http://

  4. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's share of world crude oil production has rebound5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil

  5. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of...

  6. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 24 NO. 3 May/June 2006 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  7. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 24 NO. 4 July/August 2006 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  8. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 23 NO. 3 May/June 2005 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  9. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 23 NO. 5 September/October 2005 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  10. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 25 NO. 4 July/August 2007 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  11. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 23 NO. 6 November/December 2005 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  12. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 22 NO. 5 September/October 2004 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  13. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 24 NO. 1 January/February 2006 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  14. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 22 NO. 2 March/April 2004 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  15. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 23 NO. 4 July/August 2005 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  16. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 25 NO. 3 May/June 2007 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  17. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 24 NO. 6 November/December 2006 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  18. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 24 NO. 2 March/April 2006 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  19. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 22 NO. 4 July/August 2004 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  20. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 21 NO. 5 September/October 2003 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  1. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 22 NO. 1 January/February 2004 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  2. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 23 NO. 1 January/February 2005 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  3. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 25 NO. 1 January/February 2007 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  4. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 25 NO. 2 March/April 2007 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  5. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 21 NO. 6 November/December 2003 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  6. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 22 NO. 6 November/December 2004 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  7. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 22 NO. 3 May/June 2004 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  8. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 24 NO. 5 September/October 2006 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price

  9. TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS BIMONTHLY MARKET REPORT VOL. 23 NO. 2 March/April 2005 #12;TEXAS TIMBER PRICE TRENDS WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT? Texas Timber Price Trends is a bi-monthly publication reporting average prices paid for standing timber, commonly called the "stumpage price," for the two months

  10. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431: Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

    2007-08-02

    This report is the appendices to a companion report, prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

  11. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

    2007-08-02

    This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

  12. Future Trends in Microelectronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luryi, Serge

    Future Trends in Microelectronics Reflections on the Road to Nanotechnology edited by Serge Luryi;Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Future Trends in Microelectronics: Reflections is available from the Library of Congress ISBN 0-7923-4169-4 Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O. Box

  13. Trends in Marital Rape Laws: Progress or Facade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Lisa

    1992-01-01

    convicted of spousal rape, on the other hand, re- ceive adiscretion to reduce a spousal rape sentence to the level ofsix months. 5 In Virginia, rape is punishable by confinement

  14. Trends in LIS Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloonan, Michè le V.

    2008-07-14

    Michèle V. Cloonan, Dean and Professor at the Simmons College Graduate School of Library & Information Science, presents "Trends in LIS Education," April 3, 2008 at the University of Kansas. Presentation sponsored by KU Libraries....

  15. Trends in Workplace Charging

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Donofrio Ford Motor Company Trends in Workplace Charging Est EV NA NA approx 21 70-100 Miles: What Types of Chargers are Being Used? Considerations for Campus Installations *...

  16. Trends in stationary energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavingsTransmissionin PEMFC27,Inc. ||TrendsTrends in

  17. University of Pittsburgh Libraries Long Term Trends (2004-2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    ULS University of Pittsburgh Libraries Long Term Trends (2004-2012) Based on ARL Statistics includes ULS, Law and Health Services libraries · Some analyses show 2012 data only, as some data points Circulation: peer comparison 1 15 #12;ULS Inter Library Loans 1 16 #12;ULS ILL: peer comparison 1 17 #12;ULS

  18. University of Pittsburgh Libraries Long Term Trends (2004-2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    ULS University of Pittsburgh Libraries Long Term Trends (2004-2013) Based on ARL Statistics includes ULS, Law and Health Services libraries · Most analyses show data for 2004-2013 or 2006-2013. Small expenditure as % of total library expenditures - aspirational peer institutions 2012-2013 2012 2013 #12;ULS

  19. MINI FACT BOOK FACULTY (Excluding UMMC), 2012-2013FIVE YEAR NEW TRANSFER TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchumper, Gregory S.

    2012-2013 MINI FACT BOOK FACULTY (Excluding UMMC), 2012-2013FIVE YEAR NEW TRANSFER TRENDS Total Engineering Journalism Liberal Arts Pharmacy Law Other Library* Full-Time 798 (91.2%) 336 (88.0%) 462 (93 na 25 582 87 na 48 na ENROLLMENT, FALL 2012-2013 FIVE YEAR ENROLLMENT TRENDS RETENTION AND GRADUATION

  20. Hierarchical models for estimating state and demographic trends in U.S. death penalty public opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    Hierarchical models for estimating state and demographic trends in U.S. death penalty public?" Because the death penalty is governed by state laws rather than federal laws, it is of special interest logistic regression model to estimate support for the death penalty as a function of the year, the state

  1. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  2. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

  3. The Epidemic of Injustice in Rape Law: Mandatory Sentencing as a Partial Remedy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes, Izabelle Barraquiel

    2003-01-01

    Vol. 12:355 B. Rape Law Reform ..C. Social Attitudes About Rape . II.RAPE AS A CURRENT ISSUE-PAST AND CURRENT SENTENCING

  4. Trends in Workplace Charging

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavingsTransmissionin PEMFC27,Inc. ||Trends

  5. International, National, and Virginia Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .............................................................................................................1 Global Coal Production and Consumption Trends ...................................................2.S. Electricity Generation....................................................................................15 U.S. Coal Consumption

  6. TRENDS AND DIRECTIONS IN CLIMATE RESEARCH Advances in Urban Climate Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­5 are the most significant causes of the current global warming trend. Energy production and consumption Meteorological Institute, Research Department, Copenhagen, Denmark Cities interact with the atmosphere over

  7. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

  8. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  9. Trends in furnace control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

    1993-07-01

    This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

  10. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranic Waste RetrievalTrending: Metal Oxo

  11. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranic Waste RetrievalTrending: Metal

  12. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts >TransportationEHSS A-ZTravisTrending: Metal

  13. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts >TransportationEHSS A-ZTravisTrending:

  14. Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    2012-01-01

    Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have attracted and continue to attract considerable attention in a wide variety of disciplines - from astronomy to demographics to economics to linguistics to zoology, and even warfare. A recent model of random group formation [RGF] attempts a general explanation of such phenomena based on Jaynes' notion of maximum entropy applied to a particular choice of cost function. In the present article I argue that the cost function used in the RGF model is in fact unnecessarily complicated, and that power laws can be obtained in a much simpler way by applying maximum entropy ideas directly to the Shannon entropy subject only to a single constraint: that the average of the logarithm of the observable quantity is specified.

  15. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings Trend Detail

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Figure 2. 1989 to 1999 building trend with 95% confidence ranges...

  16. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Part 1. Energy Consumption Data Tables Total Energy Intensity Intensity by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part...

  17. Amphibian and Reptile Trade in Texas: Current Status and Trends 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestridge, Heather L.

    2010-10-12

    with over 100,000 residents. Following Ceballos (2001), I asked these questions: Do you have turtle, snake, or frog meat for sale? What type of meat do you have? Where does it come from? How much is a pound of meat? I conducted all phone surveys...

  18. EUBIONET II Current situation and future trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy crops ............................13 3.2 Green power generation .........................................................................16 4.1 Belgian green certificate systems 5.3 Co-firing in coal power plants

  19. Current trends in Latin America and the Argentine perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laredo, V.G. [SOCMA Americana, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1992-12-31

    The authors discusses the changes that are taking place in Argentina as well as in all of Latin America today -- privatization, deregulation, and the modernization of the economy, changes which will serve to strengthen the governments and provide a better quality of life for all of them. He gives an insight into the factors which helped bring about these changes, the support they are receiving, the problems which persist, and the measures that still must be taken so that these positive changes remain in place. He offers some useful information that will perhaps contribute to their understanding of the vast area which he refers to as Latin America, and more specifically, gives a thumbnail sketch of what is happening today in the Republic of Argentina. For many years now, Latin American leaders have travelled to other parts of the world and spoken about the plans and expectations for the region`s future. When these well-intentioned projects and plans never materialized, partners and supporters in the United States and other countries were frustrated and disappointed by the failure to make things work. The author`s intention here today is to describe things as they are, not as they might be, to tell about what is already happening in the sphere of business and growth of the economies in Latin America.

  20. Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergyEvery Thanksgiving,isjpgcurrentProjects

  1. College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

  2. Characterizing, Classifying, and Understanding Information Security Laws and Regulations: Considerations for Policymakers and Organizations Protecting Sensitive Information Assets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaw, David Bernard

    2011-01-01

    assets. Current information security law in the Unitedimplications for information security professionalism inbeing abundant in the information security community: Yes,

  3. Current sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yakymyshyn, Christopher Paul; Brubaker, Michael Allen; Yakymyshyn, Pamela Jane

    2007-01-16

    A current sensor is described that uses a plurality of magnetic field sensors positioned around a current carrying conductor. The sensor can be hinged to allow clamping to a conductor. The current sensor provides high measurement accuracy for both DC and AC currents, and is substantially immune to the effects of temperature, conductor position, nearby current carrying conductors and aging.

  4. Natural gas 1995: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends addresses current issues affecting the natural gas industry and markets. Highlights of recent trends include: Natural gas wellhead prices generally declined throughout 1994 and for 1995 averages 22% below the year-earlier level; Seasonal patterns of natural gas production and wellhead prices have been significantly reduced during the past three year; Natural gas production rose 15% from 1985 through 1994, reaching 18.8 trillion cubic feet; Increasing amounts of natural gas have been imported; Since 1985, lower costs of producing and transporting natural gas have benefitted consumers; Consumers may see additional benefits as States examine regulatory changes aimed at increasing efficiency; and, The electric industry is being restructured in a fashion similar to the recent restructuring of the natural gas industry.

  5. Reviving Telecommunications Surveillance Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Paul M.

    2008-01-01

    attorney general to report to Congress). File: 12 Schwartzin obtaining the official reports to Congress for 1999–2003Chicago Law Review reports to Congress on the FBI’s use of

  6. Teaching Prison Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolovich, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    locked away. Making prison law a standard curricular4,299,000 living former prisoners. A total of 5,618,000 U.S.Dependence, State and Federal Prisoners 2004, at 6 (Bureau

  7. Matching Law Visualization Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Derek D.

    2015-05-15

    , the matching law remains an elusive principle to students of behavior analysis lacking requisite training in quantitative analyses. This simulation tool is intended to visually describe how manipulations of the parameters of the quantitative models modulate...

  8. Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    solubility in LAW glass is not limiting * Facilities vitrifying commercial HLW from reprocessing incorporate Tc in glass at much higher levels (>1000X WTP LAW) * Tc volatility...

  9. Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Desmond, M.

    2014-08-01

    As an invited guest speaker, Michael Desmond presented on NREL's NWTC structural testing methods and capabilities at the 2014 Sandia Blade Workshop held on August 26-28, 2014 in Albuquerque, NM. Although dynamometer and field testing capabilities were mentioned, the presentation focused primarily on wind turbine blade testing, including descriptions and capabilities for accredited certification testing, historical methodology and technology deployment, and current research and development activities.

  10. 47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the chapter addresses the forecast of coal prices to specific coal-fired power plants in the northwest;Natural Gas Market Trends 48 percent was produced within the state. Another 17 percent came from Canada

  11. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

  12. First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winokur, Michael

    First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics Eth =W +Q Thermal energy Eth : Microscopic. #12;First Law of Thermodynamics Work W done on a gas is (area under the pV curve) W = - pdV = Vi Vf - tools First Law of Thermodynamics An adiabatic process is one for which Q = 0. Fast process but still

  13. Induced Currents, Eddy Currents and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    Lecture 11 Induced Currents, Eddy Currents and Maxwell's Equations 1 Faraday Disk Dynamo F = q Eddy Currents We have learnt that changing magnetic fields can induce electric fields in conductors 108 ms-1 16 #12;In this lecture and the next Eddy Currents: We have covered Sect. 29

  14. Trends in U.S. Academic Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ternberg, Milton G.

    1999-01-01

    in business libraries, what are the trends in referencethis library's staff is very interested trends to facultyTfRNBfRG Trends Academic Business in Libraries U.S. There

  15. Energy Perspectives: Trends and Milestones

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    Energy Perspectives is a graphical overview of energy history in the United States. The 43 graphs shown here reveal sweeping trends related to the nation's production, consumption, and trade of energy from 1949 through 2011.

  16. Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    Examines historical trends and focuses on major petroleum issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the petroleum industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to the volatility in petroleum markets.

  17. A review of trends in MIC. [Microbiologically influenced corrosion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farquhar, G.B. (Saudi Aramco, CSD/CCD, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-01-01

    A review of current trends in microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) is presented from the viewpoint of the practicing corrosion engineer employed in the petroleum industry. The principal responsibility of this individual is not to identify, count, or even kill microorganisms, but to effectively control corrosion in the oilfield. Extensive references document the technology's advances.

  18. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing853926Families | DepartmentEnergy ADepartment ofpolicyof

  19. Advanced Engine Trends, Challenges and Opportunities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presents mega trends for future powertrains facing energy diversity and powertrain efficiency issues

  20. The Texas Dairy Industry: Trends and Issues. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knutson, Ronald D.; Hunter Charles A. Jr.; Schwart, Robert B. Jr.

    1981-01-01

    The + .- exas Dairy - > -- = .+." % Trends and xas A&M University Issues [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] THE TEXAS DAIRY INDUSTRY: TRENDS AM) ISSUES Ronald D. Knutson, Charles A. Hunter, Jr... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aggregate Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fac to r s In f luenc ing Trends Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F a m i l y L a b o r...

  1. Scaling laws of solar and stellar flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus J. Aschwanden; Robert A. Stern; Manuel Güdel

    2007-10-12

    In this study we compile for the first time comprehensive data sets of solar and stellar flare parameters, including flare peak temperatures T_p, flare peak volume emission measures EM_p, and flare durations t_f from both solar and stellar data, as well as flare length scales L from solar data. Key results are that both the solar and stellar data are consistent with a common scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.7, but the stellar flares exhibit ~250 times higher emission measures (at the same flare peak temperature). For solar flares we observe also systematic trends for the flare length scale L(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 and the flare duration t_F(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 as a function of the flare peak temperature. Using the theoretical RTV scaling law and the fractal volume scaling observed for solar flares, i.e., V(L) ~ L^2.4, we predict a scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.3, which is consistent with observations, and a scaling law for electron densities in flare loops, n_p ~ T_p^2/L ~ T_p^1.1. The RTV-predicted electron densities were also found to be consistent with densities inferred from total emission measures, n_p=(EM_p/q_V*V)^1/2, using volume filling factors of q_V=0.03-0.08 constrained by fractal dimensions measured in solar flares. Our results affect also the determination of radiative and conductive cooling times, thermal energies, and frequency distributions of solar and stellar flare energies.

  2. Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbara Drazga

    2005-05-15

    The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

  3. Say's Law and modern macroeconomics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Allen, Laurel Cameron

    2013-02-22

    Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of ...

  4. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1( : . . . , , . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1

  5. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1, , , , , , , ) ( . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1

  6. Programming Languages --Trends in Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, David A.

    Programming Languages -- Trends in Education David A Watt Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. E­mail: daw@dcs.gla.ac.uk. Abstract Programming languages component of the curriculum, and the choice of languages in which students learn to program has a major

  7. Midlatitude Ozone: Loss and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    1 Lecture 17 Midlatitude Ozone: Loss and Trends ATOC/CHEM 5151 #12;2 Importance of midlatitude ozone · Covers most of the world's populated areas · Provides protection from UV #12;3 Ozone loss picture, c. 1988 #12;4 Lower vs. Upper stratosphere #12;5 Ozone loss, post 1988 · Discovery of ozone hole

  8. Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-07-15

    The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

  9. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law Foreign Students Handbook 2005/2006 #12;The Faculty of Law Philadelphia University CONTENT Preface 2 Philadelphia University in a glimpse 3 Mission of Philadelphia The Moralistic standards of student of law 46 Epilogue 50 University calender 51 1 www.philadelphia.edu.jo - www.philadelphia

  10. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName S.dayyat@philadelphia Courts and relevant lawsuits Guide for Faculty of Law Students Faculty of Law/ Philadelphia University

  11. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )17/( External Examiner Report Form No (17/A) :PART and relevant committees 2- . www. Philadelphia.edu.jo/asp.law 2- if the external on the following address. www. Philadelphia.edu.jo/asp.law 3- : G_sabbarini@philadelphia

  12. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 : -A. - . - . - . - . - . : - . - . - . - . - . - . . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 : -A. - . - . - . - . - . : - . - . - . - . - . - . . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 -A

  13. Trend dynamics : a method to improve the analysis, dissemination and forecasting of trends on the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strazza, Ernesto (Strazza Silva)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis provides a new perspective in trend analysis with the acknowledgement of individuals as carriers of trends and susceptible to influence simultaneously by a trend's perceived significance and by external effects ...

  14. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Frank Douma Center" Six Policies Strongly Supported By Research · Primary seat belt laws · SobrietyMcal Insights of Portland, Maine #12;Primary Seat Belt Laws "Allowing law

  15. Current Titles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Various

    2006-06-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  16. Trends for Outer Disk Profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Erwin; Michael Pohlen; Leonel Gutierrez; John E. Beckman

    2007-12-10

    The surface-brightness profiles of galaxy disks fall into three main classes, based on whether they are simple exponentials (Type I), bend down at large radii (Type II, "truncations") or bend up at large radii (Type III, "antitruncations"). Here, we discuss how the frequency of these different profiles depends on Hubble type, environment, and the presence or absence of bars; these trends may herald important new tests for disk formation models.

  17. Trends for Outer Disk Profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwin, Peter; Gutíerrez, Leonel; Beckman, John E

    2007-01-01

    The surface-brightness profiles of galaxy disks fall into three main classes, based on whether they are simple exponentials (Type I), bend down at large radii (Type II, "truncations") or bend up at large radii (Type III, "antitruncations"). Here, we discuss how the frequency of these different profiles depends on Hubble type, environment, and the presence or absence of bars; these trends may herald important new tests for disk formation models.

  18. Global trends in agriculture and food systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    development * Corresponding author: Danish Research Centre for Organic Food and Farming (DARCOF), P.O. Box 501 Global trends in agriculture and food systems Marie Trydeman Knudsen*, Niels Halberg, Jørgen E .................................................................................16 Global trends in organic agriculture

  19. Fate of Tc99 at WTP and Current Work on Capture

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    is assumed to be available for all LAW feed in excess of current LAW vitrification facility capacity 8 B. WTP - Estimated Overall Tc 99 Mass Balance (continued) Averaged over 23...

  20. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  1. Cope's Rule & Passive versus Driven Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cope's Rule & Passive versus Driven Trends · Key concepts ­ Traditional explanations of Cope's Rule clade ­ Evolutionary trends can be either passive or driven (or some combination of both). · As a clade diversifies passively the mean increases while the minimum is unchanged. In a driven trend both the mean

  2. Force As A Momentum Current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munera, Hector A.

    2010-07-28

    Advantages of a neo-Cartesian approach to classical mechanics are noted. If conservation of linear momentum is the fundamental principle, Newton's three laws become theorems. A minor paradox in static Newtonian mechanics is identified, and solved by reinterpreting force as a current of momentum. Contact force plays the role of a mere midwife in the exchange of momentum; however, force cannot be eliminated from physics because it provides the numerical value for momentum current. In this sense, in a neo-Cartesian formulation of mechanics the concept of force becomes strengthened rather than weakened.

  3. Trends in agricultural lending by commercial banks 1964-1984 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeBerry, David Kendall

    1986-01-01

    to this larger asset size category added banks from lower ag-lending groups. A reason- able conclusion based on that observation, then, is that the management of some of these larger institutions has made a commitment to become more involved in agricultural... sttee Member May, 1986 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT Introduction Trends in Agricultural Lending By All Banks Banks Grouped By Asset Size , Current Dollars Banks Grouped By Asset Size , Constant Dollars Page 1 Banks Grouped According...

  4. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Philadelphia University Faculty of Law PROGRAM HANDBOOK 2004-2005 Philadelphia University Mission Map #12;2 Philadelphia University Mission: Philadelphia University has been established to actively

  5. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007Name idabbah@philadelphia.edu.jo310 Assistant professor Issa Dabbah Course module description: 5- ( 420151

  6. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and LocationRankName idabbah@philadelphia

  7. Current Contracts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecoveryplanningCoalSocialFrameworks AppliedCurrent Contracts

  8. Trends in packaged steam generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapathy, V. [ABCO Industries, Abilene, TX (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Oil and gas-fired packaged steam generators are used in many industrial plants. They generate saturated or superheated steam up to 250,000 lb/hr, 1000 psig, and 950 F. They may be used for continuous steam generation or as standby boilers in cogeneration systems. Numerous variables affect the design of this equipment. A few important considerations should be addressed at an early point by the plant engineer specifying or evaluating equipment options. These considerations include trends such as customized designs that minimize operating costs and ensure emissions regulations are met. The paper discusses efficiency considerations first.

  9. The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation CarnotCarnot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation CarnotCarnot 18241824 Heatndnd Law Thermo SymposiumLaw Thermo Symposium Univ. of San Diego, June 14Univ. of San Diego, June 14 ··First time on a 2First time on a 2ndnd Law SymposiumLaw Symposium ··The 2The 2ndnd Law is my obsession

  10. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural as contribute to inter-disciplinary projects and debates. The outputs of the Law School's research include entities: the Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural Resources Law, the Consumer Research Unit and the Crime

  11. Water Law in Kansas History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    1992-01-01

    stream_size 7 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992...

  12. 40th Indian Law Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.

  13. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Philadelphia University Faculty of Law 2004-2005 1. Awarding Institution /Body Philadelphia University 2. Teaching Institution Philadelphia University 3. University Department/Center Faculty of Law 4 Hours System 8. Date of production/revision of this form August 2005 #12;2 Philadelphia University

  14. POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW www.abdn.ac.uk/law #12;Set in the heart of Europe's Energy Capital. As Europe's Energy Capital, Aberdeen is a prosperous, attractive and safe city. A commercial centre, the University of Aberdeen is the fifth oldest university in the UK, and combines ancient tradition with the best

  15. Philadelphia University Faculty of law-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sources of knowledge to benefit from information 5. enable students to become team players and respond for companies in civil law, and then moves to corporate law to study the sources and characteristics conciliation and its formal and objective terms, and its legal provisions are included in the study Course

  16. Governing equations -Ohm's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    conserving boundaries to drive current in an FRC, full penetration is not observed. Instead, the RMF only could be explained with a radially inward plasma flow (which must also be accompanied long RMF Antenna TCS Vacuum Chamber TCS Internal Magnetic Probe 0.8 m 1.5 m 2.6 m FRC Magnetic probes

  17. Library and Information Science Trends and Research: Europe. Edited by A. Spink and J. Heinstrom. Emerald. 2012. pp. In press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Library and Information Science Trends and Research: Europe. Edited by A. Spink and J. Heinstrom, there are signs that current trends are moving towards that possibility. At first glance, this may appear in some way. Records are also used for the generation of `access #12;Library and Information Science

  18. Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-01

    Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

  19. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & LAW PROGRAM SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND LAW MINOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zallen, Richard

    3 PSCI 3344 Global Environmental Issues AR07 3 UAP 3344 Global Environmental Issues AR07 3 UAP 4344 Law Government & Politics AR03 3 PSCI 1024 Comparative Government

  20. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Table

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Energy Consumption - Part 1> Site Energy Consumption Tables Table 1. Total site energy consumption, relative standard errors, and 95%...

  1. ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA CONTRACTS FOR THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF LAND;#12;Table of Contents ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 CHAPTER 2. COMPARISON OF THE PRESENT AND PREVIOUS LAW OF ALBERTA

  2. Session 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Session 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its effects Chris Dibben, Tom measurements and model to evaluate spatial and temporal trends in air pollution exposure and resulting health Pollution legislation Price shocks #12;Air pollution trends-current Why are we interested in air pollution

  3. Wind Access and Permitting Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law also defines a limited set of reasonable restrictions that governments and associations are permitted to use in regulating residential wind energy systems. Any limitations put in place may...

  4. Law School Event Composting Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead

  5. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  6. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007Lecture Time: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName b-tarawneh@philadelphia

  7. Solar Easements & Rights Laws | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Access Policy Summary Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that...

  8. Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

  9. Trends in HFE Methods and Tools and Their Applicability to Safety Reviews

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hara, J.M.; Plott, C.; Milanski, J.; Ronan, A.; Scheff, S.; Laux, L.; and Bzostek, J.

    2009-09-30

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) conducts human factors engineering (HFE) safety reviews of applicant submittals for new plants and for changes to existing plants. The reviews include the evaluation of the methods and tools (M&T) used by applicants as part of their HFE program. The technology used to perform HFE activities has been rapidly evolving, resulting in a whole new generation of HFE M&Ts. The objectives of this research were to identify the current trends in HFE methods and tools, determine their applicability to NRC safety reviews, and identify topics for which the NRC may need additional guidance to support the NRC's safety reviews. We conducted a survey that identified over 100 new HFE M&Ts. The M&Ts were assessed to identify general trends. Seven trends were identified: Computer Applications for Performing Traditional Analyses, Computer-Aided Design, Integration of HFE Methods and Tools, Rapid Development Engineering, Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. We assessed each trend to determine its applicability to the NRC's review by considering (1) whether the nuclear industry is making use of M&Ts for each trend, and (2) whether M&Ts reflecting the trend can be reviewed using the current design review guidance. We concluded that M&T trends that are applicable to the commercial nuclear industry and are expected to impact safety reviews may be considered for review guidance development. Three trends fell into this category: Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. The other trends do not need to be addressed at this time.

  10. Global Trends 2030: AlternAtive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Global Trends 2030: AlternAtive Worlds a publication of the National Intelligence Council #12;OFF ICEOFTHEDIRE CTOR OF NATIO NALINTELLIGE N CE Global Trends 2030: AlternAtive Worlds a publication 2030: Alternative Worlds is the fifth installment in the National Intelligence Council's series aimed

  11. Techniques and Trends for Embedded System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    Techniques and Trends for Embedded System Design & Energy Estimation and Low-Power Design;Contents Introduction Techniques and trends for embedded system design Power estimation and low-powerHW development High cost & inefficient design loop Early separation of HW and SW Long design time/ high cost

  12. Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

    2005-10-04

    A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

  13. REFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

    2004-02-13

    This report describes the work performed during the first semi-annual third year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on analyzing production and injection data to optimize the reservoir management strategies for Germania Spraberry Unit. This study address the reservoir characterization and monitoring of the waterflooding project and propose alternatives of development of the current and future conditions of the reservoir to improve field performance. This research should serve as a guide for future work in reservoir simulation and can be used to evaluate various scenarios for additional development as well as to optimize the operating practices in the field. The results indicate that under the current conditions, a total of 1.410 million barrels of oil can be produced in the next 20 years through the 64 active wells and suggest that the unit can be successfully flooded with the current injection rate of 1600 BWPD and the pattern consisting of 6 injection wells aligned about 36 degrees respect to the major fracture orientation. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period.

  14. School of Law Web Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website of Law web resources. It also protects students, faculty and staff from inappropriate use of School of Law web resources. Also, students, faculty, and staff that create, design, update, and publish

  15. An evaluation of current hazardous material management procedures for the Texas Department of Transportation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovell, Cheryl Alane

    1993-01-01

    with all current regulatory requirements. This study evaluates the current hazardous material management procedures that the Texas Department of Transportation (TXDOT) is utilizing to ensure that if falls within the legal scope of the law and to provide...

  16. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-06-01

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

  17. Emerging trends in the satellite industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

    2012-01-01

    Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

  18. Emerging Technology Trends October 22, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    blogs Emerging Technology Trends October 22, 2005 Air and ground robots to collaborate in space, a team of scientists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the University of Arizona (UA

  19. Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manz, P.; Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching ; Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D.; Müller, S. H.; Fuchert, G.; Stroth, U.; Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching

    2013-10-15

    The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.

  20. New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Guide to New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Laws #12;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This publication is an updated Hampshire Cooperative Extension 131 Main Street, Nesmith Hall Durham, New Hampshire 03824 http Hampshire Timberland Owners Association 54 Portsmouth Street Concord, New Hampshire 03301 www.nhtoa.org UNH

  1. Fourier's Law from Closure Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2006-09-01

    We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.

  2. PHILADELPHIA UNIVERSITY Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PHILADELPHIA UNIVERSITY Faculty of Law QUALITY MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK #12;Philadelphia institution, Philadelphia University commits itself into being a full partner in the development of the Decapolies on the Kings Road, with deep routes in history, being the link of old civilizations, Philadelphia

  3. Second laws under control restrictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Wilming; R. Gallego; J. Eisert

    2015-07-28

    The second law of thermodynamics, formulated as an ultimate bound on the maximum extractable work, has been rigorously derived in multiple scenarios. However, the unavoidable limitations that emerge due to the lack of control on small systems are often disregarded when deriving such bounds, which is specifically important in the context of quantum thermodynamics. Here, we study the maximum extractable work with limited control over the working system and its interaction with the heat bath. We derive a general second law when the set of accessible Hamiltonians of the working-system is arbitrarily restricted. We then apply our bound to particular scenarios that are important in realistic implementations: limitations on the maximum energy gap and local control over many-body systems. We hence demonstrate in what precise way the lack of control affects the second law. In particular, contrary to the unrestricted case, we show that the optimal work extraction is not achieved by simple thermal contacts. Our results do not only generalize the second law to scenarios of practical relevance, but also take first steps in the direction of local thermodynamics.

  4. Lorenz transformations for one biquaternion model of electro-gravymagnetic field. Conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Alexeyeva

    2009-04-22

    The biquaternion approach is developed for building of the equations of the inter-action of different charges and currents and generated Electro-GravyMagnetic fields. The field analogues of three Newton's laws are offered free and interacting charge-currents, as well as total field of interaction. An invariance of the equations for one EGM-field model at Lorenz transformation is investigated, and, in particu-lar, law of the conservation of the charge-current. It is shown that at interaction by fields, this law differs from the well-known one. So for closing the equation of charge-currents transformations the new modification of Maxwell's equations is offered with entering the scalar field of resistance in the biquaternion of EGM-field tension. Relativistic formula for transformation of density of the masses and charge, current, forces and their powers are built.

  5. Observed low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front Gustavo Jorge Goni,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Brazil Current front. Trends of eddy kinetic energy, sea height anomaly, sea surface temperature and windObserved low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front Gustavo Jorge Goni,1 Francis Bringas; published 29 October 2011. [1] The Brazil Current is a weak western boundary current, the southwest

  6. Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    building trends and energy use in commercial and residential buildings, including environmental impacts of buildings and trends in select product specification and market insights....

  7. TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries,...

  8. Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency, call slides and...

  9. Trends Affecting Building Control System Development: Trends in Energy Management Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Ted; Parker, Steven A.; Webster, Tom

    2002-01-01

    Peak Demand with Energy Management Control Systems. ” WCDSR-of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) isBCS) Development Trends in energy management technology

  10. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANÇOISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

  11. Waste Management Trends in Texas Industrial Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, C. S.; Heffington, W. M.

    1995-01-01

    , including reporting. Some reporting is required of all industrial plants, but the reporting requirements and procedures differ in accordance with the type and amount of waste generated. Future changes in federal and state laws regarding waste management...

  12. Module No: 420161Administrative Law 1Module Title: Co-requisite: Administrative Law 2Introduction to LawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420161Administrative Law 1Module Title: Co-requisite: Administrative Law 2Introduction to LawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening Study-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module

  13. Subsea production systems -- Trends in the nineties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, J.W.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes recent subsea production system experience, with focus on cost reduction trends which are expected to continue throughout the remainder of the decade. First, the system configuration trend from large, heavy, multi-well integrated drilling template and production/injection manifold systems to small, lightweight, ``minitemplate`` systems or clustered well manifolds with individual satellite wells is addressed. Second, several equipment technology trends are addressed including towed flowline bundles with integral manifolds, development of improved reservoir management/data acquisition tools, subsea pressure boosting to extend the reach of subsea systems, emergence of the rental tool market and ``tool pools``, ``horizontal`` trees for certain applications, and standardization of subsea components and interfaces. This paper concludes that subsea production systems have successfully demonstrated their overall reliability, and have established a proven track record over the past thirty years of field experience. System configuration and equipment technology trends in the nineties are now improving the profitability and capability of subsea production systems. Subsea production system examples are cited along with generic costs to illustrate the effectiveness of these cost reduction trends. 12 figs.

  14. Family Law and the Genomic Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01

    , personalized genomics, and gene therapy, coupled with the flux in the law of gene patents (and patents on related inventions), will ensure the substantial transformation of the legal milieu in which parents make reproductive choices. Family law...

  15. Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students Prepared by Global Legal Studies Center UW Law School Directors .......................................................................... 5 Selecting courses in conjunction with other material sent to you by the International Academic Programs (IAP) which coordinates

  16. An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...

  17. Power Law in Hadron Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazdzicki, M; Gazdzicki, Marek; Gorenstein, Mark I.

    2001-01-01

    In high energy p+p interactions the mean multiplicity of neutral mesons (from eta to Upsilon) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T= 1 - 15 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable universal behaviour: they follow, over 10 orders of magnitude, the same power law function: C m_(T)^(-P). This scaling is rather similar to that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E^*/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power law factor (E^*/\\Lambda)^(-P).

  18. Compliance with United States Export Control 1 Current Revision: 12/04/2014 Compliance with United States Export Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    Compliance with United States Export Control 1 Current Revision: 12/04/2014 Laws Compliance with United States Export Control Laws Policy Type: Administrative Responsible Office: Office of Research, the United States has enacted export control laws to govern the transfer of certain information, items

  19. Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesPresident, Emerging Markets Online http://www.emerginghttp://www.emerging--markets.commarkets.com Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market SurveyAuthor, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market Survey Columnist

  20. Is the statement of Murphy's Law valid?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, Atanu

    2015-01-01

    Murphy's Law is $not$ a law in the formal sense yet popular science often compares it with the Second Law of Thermodynamics as both the statements point toward a more disorganized state with time. In this paper, we first construct a mathematically equivalent statement for Murphy's Law and then disprove it using the intuitive idea that energy differences will level off along the paths of steepest descent, or along trajectories of least action.

  1. Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement This is the paper version of the Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement. With it, individuals who give presentations or are recorded on campus (at: Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement The Author named above authorizes

  2. Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien, as an architectural solution sustaining Moore's law.1 With dual-core and quad-core processors on the market and oct,3 In 1967, Gene Amdahl proposed an often overlooked law of scal- ing: A program's sequential computation

  3. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

  4. Persistent collective trend in stock markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogh, Emeric; Nagy, Balint Zs; Neda, Zoltan

    2010-01-01

    Empirical evidence is given for a significant difference in the collective trend of the share prices during the stock index rising and falling periods. Data on the Dow Jones Industrial Average and its stock components are studied between 1991 and 2008. Pearson-type correlations are computed between the stocks and averaged over stock-pairs and time. The results indicate a general trend: whenever the stock index is falling the stock prices are changing in a more correlated manner than in case the stock index is ascending. A thorough statistical analysis of the data shows that the observed difference is significant, suggesting a constant-fear factor among stockholders.

  5. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly

  6. Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying

  7. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Control 2010 Magali Mercier (Institut Camille Jordan, Lyon) L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Parma, 15th February 2010 1 / 30 #12;L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Introduction. Introduction Scalar balance

  8. Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smerdon, Jason E.

    Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic

  9. The Trend of Global Capitalism Qiudong Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Quidong

    , including Russia and east Europe countries, India, China, Mexico, South America and Africa, are relative the history, the present and the future trend of politic and economic relationship between developed and under strategic initiatives in the on-going global politic and economic game. The most serious threat

  10. FINANCIAL TRENDS IN THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINANCIAL TRENDS IN THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY PRESENTATION TO INTERNATIONAL FOREST PRODUCTS 1999 2000 3/31/96=1 S&P 500 S&P Non-Technology S&P Paper & Forest Products #12;Source: National Assn; Pulp: MM tons) 0 20 40 60 80 1989 1999 1989 1999 1989 1999 Lumber-US Lumber-Canada Structural Panels

  11. FINANCIAL TRENDS IN THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that the economy ­ and demand for paper and wood -- is slowing. The recent softness in market pulp pricesFINANCIAL TRENDS IN THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY PRESENTATION TO INTERNATIONAL FOREST PRODUCTS-Technology S&P Paper & Forest Products #12;Source: National Assn. of Home Builders U.S. HOUSING STARTS Million

  12. Cyber Security Basic Defenses and Attack Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    37 38 39 40 41 4273 MTC 4 Cyber Security Basic Defenses and Attack Trends Alvaro A. Cárdenas, Tanya for a successful defense. Cyber security is the branch of security dealing with digital or information technology.1 This chapter presents a selected overview on topics in cyber security. 1. Throughout the chapter, we use

  13. Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability L. H. Tsoukalas Purdue University Nuclear Nuclear Today · 439 nuclear power reactors (31 countries) · Over 12,000 years of operating experience · Nuclear reactors supply 16% of the world's electricity as base-load power (372,000 MWe of total capacity

  14. Land Condition -Trend Analysis Data Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and wildlife resources to characterize an installation's natural resources in a cost- and time-effective manner (USACERL) developed the Land Condition Trend Analysis (LCTA) program to meet the need for natural resources of natural resources data collection, analysis, and reporting designed to meet multiple goals and objectives

  15. Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

    2009-01-06

    Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest...

  16. Current measuring system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dahl, D.A.; Appelhans, A.D.; Olson, J.E.

    1997-09-09

    A current measuring system is disclosed comprising a current measuring device having a first electrode at ground potential, and a second electrode; a current source having an offset potential of at least three hundred volts, the current source having an output electrode; and a capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the output electrode of the current source and having a second electrode electrically connected to the second electrode of the current measuring device. 4 figs.

  17. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  18. Current measurement apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Umans, Stephen D. (Belmont, MA)

    2008-11-11

    Apparatus and methods are provided for a system for measurement of a current in a conductor such that the conductor current may be momentarily directed to a current measurement element in order to maintain proper current without significantly increasing an amount of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element or adding resistance to assist in current measurement. The apparatus and methods described herein are useful in superconducting circuits where it is necessary to monitor current carried by the superconducting elements while minimizing the effects of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element.

  19. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................................................................ 8 Wheat Law Library ................................................................................................................... 8 Library Faculty Members Classification .......................................

  20. Power Law in Hadron Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gazdzicki; Mark I. Gorenstein

    2001-08-14

    In high energy p+p(bar) interactions the mean multiplicity and transverse mass spectra of neutral mesons from eta to Upsilon (m = 0.5 - 10 GeV/c^2) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T > 1 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable behaviour: they follow, over more than 10 orders of magnitude, the power-law function:The parameters C and P are energy dependent, but similar for all mesons produced at the same collision energy. This scaling resembles that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power-law factor (E/Lambda)^(-P).

  1. Advances in Wetland Status and Trends Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and natural factors (Atkin, 1977). Section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (as amended in 1972) and the 1985 Food Security Acts swampbuster pro- visions required that all wetlands and associ- ated boundaries val- ues. To combat these problems, in 1972, Congress passed the Coastal Zone Management Act. The law

  2. Random integral currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Zyskin

    2010-05-12

    For nice functions, invariant means over integral currents (certain generalized surfaces), can be uniquely defined.

  3. Fourier law, phase transitions and the stationary Stefan problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis

    2010-09-23

    We study the one-dimensional stationary solutions of an integro-differential equation derived by Giacomin and Lebowitz from Kawasaki dynamics in Ising systems with Kac potentials, \\cite{GiacominLebowitz}. We construct stationary solutions with non zero current and prove the validity of the Fourier law in the thermodynamic limit showing that below the critical temperature the limit equilibrium profile has a discontinuity (which defines the position of the interface) and satisfies a stationary free boundary Stefan problem. Under-cooling and over-heating effects are also studied. We show that if metastable values are imposed at the boundaries then the mesoscopic stationary profile is no longer monotone and therefore the Fourier law is not satisfied. It regains however its validity in the thermodynamic limit where the limit profile is again monotone away from the interface.

  4. The second laws of quantum thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Micha? Horodecki; Nelly Huei Ying Ng; Jonathan Oppenheim; Stephanie Wehner

    2014-09-25

    The second law of thermodynamics tells us which state transformations are so statistically unlikely that they are effectively forbidden. Its original formulation, due to Clausius, states that "Heat can never pass from a colder to a warmer body without some other change, connected therewith, occurring at the same time". The second law applies to systems composed of many particles interacting; however, we are seeing that one can make sense of thermodynamics in the regime where we only have a small number of particles interacting with a heat bath. Is there a second law of thermodynamics in this regime? Here, we find that for processes which are cyclic or very close to cyclic, the second law for microscopic systems takes on a very di?erent form than it does at the macroscopic scale, imposing not just one constraint on what state transformations are possible, but an entire family of constraints. In particular, we find a family of free energies which generalise the traditional one, and show that they can never increase. We further find that there are three regimes which determine which family of second laws govern state transitions, depending on how cyclic the process is. In one regime one can cause an apparent violation of the usual second law, through a process of embezzling work from a large system which remains arbitrarily close to its original state. These second laws are not only relevant for small systems, but also apply to individual macroscopic systems interacting via long-range interactions, which only satisfy the ordinary second law on average. By making precise the definition of thermal operations, the laws of thermodynamics take on a simple form with the first law defining the class of thermal operations, the zeroeth law emerging as a unique condition ensuring the theory is nontrivial, and the remaining laws being a monotonicity property of our generalised free energies.

  5. Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends Oleg Yaroshchuk and Yuriy Reznikov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reznikov, Yuri

    of Sciences of Ukraine, Prospect Nauky 46, 03028, Ukraine Oleg Yaroshchuk Oleg Yaroshchuk, PhD, Senior Researcher, leader of research group at the Institute of Physics (Kyiv, Ukraine, www.iop.kiev. ua/$lcff). HisD, DSc) from the Institute of Physics (Kyiv, Ukraine). He is presently a head of the Department

  6. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01

    to lower the cost of offshore wind power, and incrementallyinstalled offshore. From 2018 to 2030, roughly 16 GW of wind

  7. Current and Future Trends in Sensor Networks: A Survey Mokhtar Aboelaze*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    are used in monitoring hazardous chemicals. They are also used in monitoring the environment and in early that are deployed in some geographical area. The purpose of the network is to sense the environment and report what of very small nodes are scattered across some environment in order to sense and report to a central node

  8. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01

    supply curve for wind using cost and performance assumptionspressure on installed wind project costs while the industryon U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance

  9. Current and historical trends in general aviation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shetty, Kamala Irene

    2012-01-01

    General aviation (GA) is an important component of aviation in the United States. In 2011, general aviation and air taxi operations represented 63% of all towered operations in the United States, while commercial aviation ...

  10. Reliability of the U.S. electric system -- Recent trends and current issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie; Kawann, Cornelia

    2002-01-01

    Operator Photovoltaic Power Exchange Regional Transmission2000, California Power Exchange (PX) prices repeatedlybetween volatile power exchange prices and properly

  11. An analysis of the current investment trend in the U.S. toll road sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, long term concessions through public-private partnerships (PPP's) in the US toll road sector have emerged and are expected to become a phenomenon in the near future. Up until now, only two large scale ...

  12. Current trends in patients with chronic total occlusions undergoing coronary CT angiography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    improves success rates of PCI for chronic total occlusion.occlusion; NS, non-signi?cant; PCI, percutaneous coronarydisease or left main Early PCI One- vessel disease Two-

  13. Current Trends in Peptide Science Quantum Dots and Peptides: A Bright Future Together

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Indraneel

    be generated for any emission wave- length with an *30 nm of Full-width half-maximum. The typically broad materials, such as quantum nano- rods,3 magnetic nanocrystals,4 QD-based solar cells, and light, and long luminescent lifetimes. These remarkable properties of QDs have resulted in their use

  14. An overview of recent trends and current status of Forest Stewardship Council ) certification | July 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by engaging the power of market dynamics. Activities FSC, a multi-stakeholder organization, was foundedPacific(HK) LatinAmerica(Peru) Russia+CIS(Russia) Colombia Uganda Argentina Congo India Indonesia Ireland Latvia

  15. Current trends in chemistry of materials S NATARAJAN and J GOPALAKRISHNAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giri, Ranjit K.

    materials (synthesis and the role of chemistry) and understanding materials (the role of theory). Possible] inorganic-organic hybrid materials [8] and materials for other related properties. In this context, one, (figure 1) for being the Keywords. Solid materials; dense; porous; energy; synthesis; theory. 21 #12

  16. Industrial Heat Pumps- A Reexamination in Light of Current Energy Trends 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, N.; Simon, M.; Terry, S.; Leach, J.

    2009-01-01

    Heat pumps have been used for nearly one hundred years mostly providing heating and cooling for homes and residential settings. However, industrial heat pumps are also used and may be driven by waste heat streams from the manufacturing facility...

  17. Current and Future Trends in Sensor Networks: A Survey Mokhtar Aboelaze*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboelaze, Mokhtar

    Introduction Recent advances in VLSI technology, and MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems), as well

  18. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01

    Cost of Natural Gas Combined Cycle Wholesale Price Range foroffsets both coal and combined-cycle natural gas usage, but

  19. Current State and Research Trend in the Image Database Systems Peter L. Stanchev, David Green Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanchev, Peter

    Maxwell showed in the late nineteen century that every color image cough be created using three images

  20. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. “20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S.costs of achieving 20% wind energy are projected to be

  1. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01

    system that relies heavily on wind. 5. References U.S.Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. “20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S.

  2. New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014Department of EnergyDepartment

  3. Quasi-power law ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilk, Grzegorz

    2015-01-01

    Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.

  4. Quasi-power law ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk

    2014-12-12

    Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.

  5. Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James W. Dufty

    2007-07-07

    Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.

  6. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  7. The Snell law for quaternionic potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Leo, Stefano; Ducati, Gisele C.

    2013-12-15

    By using the analogy between optics and quantum mechanics, we obtain the Snell law for the planar motion of quantum particles in the presence of quaternionic potentials.

  8. Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotropia, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    can either be filed by the inventor herself or by a patentwho is representing the inventor. 20 "Patent prosecution" ispatent law requires the inventor put in the patent's

  9. Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy Development webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  10. Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory...

  11. New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with...

  12. New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11...

  13. New Report Shows Downward Trend in LCOE for Wind | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report Shows Downward Trend in LCOE for Wind New Report Shows Downward Trend in LCOE for Wind May 18, 2015 - 2:48pm Addthis A new report recently published by the U.S. Department...

  14. Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2012-01-01

    and Ryan Wiser. 2009. “Wind Power Price Trends in the UnitedCarbon Trust. 2008. Offshore wind power: big challenge, bigAndrew. 2008. “ Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. , and

  15. Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections November 2012 #12;Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections David Feldman1 , Galen Barbose2........................................................................................................................................... 1 2. Historical and Recent Reported Prices

  16. Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Consumption iii iv Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use andenergy consumption scenarios. In applying this approach to global

  17. http://tia.sagepub.com/ Trends in Amplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .htmlCitations: at NORTHWESTERN UNIV LIBRARY on September 5, 2010tia.sagepub.comDownloaded from #12;Trends in Amplification 14http://tia.sagepub.com/ Trends in Amplification http://tia.sagepub.com/content/14/2/73 The online version of this article can be found at: DOI: 10.1177/1084713810380227 2010 14: 73TRENDS AMPLIF Samira

  18. Trend Following Algorithms for Technical Trading in Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Si, Yain Whar "Lawrence"

    to the design of technical trading systems. It implies that the fluctuation of market trend should be monitoredTrend Following Algorithms for Technical Trading in Stock Market Simon Fong, Jackie Tai, Yain Whar-- Trend following (TF) is a rule-based trading mechanism that taps on the movements of long-term market

  19. Trends in Computing and Software Dr. Lyle N. Long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trends in Computing and Software by Dr. Lyle N. Long Distinguished Professor of Aerospace trends Software Trends Conclusions #12;L.N.Long Predicting the Future ? Before I make any predictions graduates: 167 in Systems Engineering (23 %) 136 in Software Engineering (19 %) 59 in Mechanical Engineering

  20. Intrusive gravity currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hang, Alice Thanh

    2009-01-01

    The front speed of intrusive gravity currents. J. FluidP.F. Linden. Intrusive gravity currents. J. Fluid Mechanics,of mesoscale variability of gravity waves. Part II: Frontal,

  1. Power law and composite power law friction factor correlations for laminar and turbulent gasliquid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Daniel D.

    new unpublished, and data for gas and heavy oil from PDVSA-Intevep. Dimensionless pressure gradients oil are compiled and processed for power law and composite power law friction factor correlations reduce to the power laws for laminar flow when the Reynolds number is low and to turbulent flow when

  2. Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international human law and international organizations Pre-requisite: Module Type: Department requirementModule Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo.edu.idabbah@philadelphia310397Assistant professor Dr

  3. Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted

  4. Current to Current Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)|Alabama:Crofton,DevelopingMaine:Electric JumpCurrentCurrent

  5. Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources Prepared-FC-06NT42847 Task 3. Deliverable #2 ­ Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources By Carl Freedman, representing the Hawaii Energy Policy Forum And Hawaii Natural Energy

  6. Edinburgh Research Explorer Law, Translation, and Voice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    , S 2011, 'Law, Translation, and Voice: Transformation of a Struggle for Social Justice in a Chinese Village' Critical Asian Studies, vol 43, no. 2, pp. 185-210., 10.1080/14672715.2011.570566 Digital Object Studies Publisher Rights Statement: © Woodman, S. (2011). Law, Translation, and Voice: Transformation

  7. General Laws for the Action of Diastases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V: Action of amylase on starch 68 §33. Method. H. Brown and Glendinning's research 68 §34. Law for the progress of the hydrolysis of starch by amylase 65 §35. Effect of the amount of starch. Difference between malt amylase and pancreatic juice amylase 68 §36. Theory of the law of action of amylase 72 §37

  8. Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just

  9. Faculty of Law Canadian & American Dual JD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Enriching Programs The University of Detroit Mercy School of Law and the University of Windsor Faculty. Financial aid at both the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law and the University of Windsor Faculty tuition and fees to both the University of Detroit Mercy and the University of Windsor. Each student must

  10. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    March 2012 Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Authors: Frank Douma Nebiyou Tilahun of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law March 2012 6. 7. Author(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No. Frank. Abstract (Limit: 250 words) In the spring of 2009, the Minnesota Legislature changed the state's seat belt

  11. The power-law expansion universe and dark energy evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Huan Wei

    2005-02-03

    In order to depict the transition from deceleration to acceleration expansion of the universe we use a power-law expansion scale factor, $a\\sim t^{n_0+bt^m}$, with $n_0$, $b$ and $m$ three parameters determined by $H_0$, $q_0$ and $z_T$. For the spatially flat, isotropic and homogeneous universe, such a scale factor leads to the results that the dark energy density is slowly changing currently, and predicts the equation of state $w_X$ changes from $w_X>-1$ to $w_X<-1$.

  12. Energy-Momentum and Gauge Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Giachetta; L. Mangiarotti; G. Sardanashvily

    1998-07-20

    We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation laws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on fibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant transformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on a world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational models, the corresponding energy-momentum flows reduce to the generalized Komar superpotential. We show that the superpotential form of a conserved flow is the common property of gauge conservation laws if generators of gauge transformations depend on derivatives of gauge parameters. At the same time, dependence of conserved flows on gauge parameters make gauge conservation laws form-invariant under gauge transformations.

  13. Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

  14. X-Ray Cargo Inspection: Status and Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Gongyin; Bjorkholm, Paul; Fox, Timothy R.; Wilson, Zane; Bonsergent, Xavier

    2009-03-10

    Over the past several years, x-ray cargo inspection has experienced tremendous growth. There are several hundred systems in use world wide and a few new units are installed every week. Fielded systems are mostly located in north and West Africa, Middle East, Europe (especially Russia), East Asia, and South America. The majority of systems are powered by Varian M3, M6 or M9 Linac x-ray sources. The spatial resolution of these systems is typically 3-5 mm, penetration ranges from around 200 mm to 450 mm of steel and contrast sensitivity is typically 1-4%. Inspection throughput ranges from about 20 trucks per hour to 200 trucks per hour. Currently the systems are primarily used to fight import tax evasion and smuggling of controlled substances. There are a few clear trends: Imaging performance has been steadily improving; a variety of systems have been developed to fit different needs; also, there is a strong effort in material discrimination, or even identification and automatic detection. The last, but not least trend is a shift to security applications. The US government has launched major efforts such as CAARS and JINII to fight nuclear threat and systems that can automatically detect a small amount of high atomic number materials are being developed. This paper only covers RF linear accelerator based X-ray sources, which prevail in the industry. Induction accelerators (Betatrons) have some limited use in low-end imaging systems and high duty factors sources have recently been proposed for study.

  15. Demographic and Citation Trends in Astrophysical Journal papers and Preprints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg J. Schwarz; Robert C. Kennicutt Jr

    2004-11-10

    We have used data from ADS, AAS, and astro-ph, to study the publishing, preprint posting, and citation patterns for papers published in the ApJ in 1999 and 2002. This allowed us to track statistical trends in author demographics, preprint posting habits, and citation rates for ApJ papers as a whole and across various subgroups and types of ApJ papers. The most interesting results are the frequencies of use of the astro-ph server across various subdisciplines of astronomy, and the impact that such posting has on the citation history of the subsequent ApJ papers. By 2002 72% of ApJ papers were posted as astro-ph preprints, but this fraction varies from 22-95% among the subfields studied. A majority of these preprints (61%) were posted after the papers were accepted at ApJ, and 88% were posted or updated after acceptance. On average, ApJ papers posted on astro-ph are cited more than twice as often as those that are not posted on astro-ph. This difference can account for a number of other, secondary citation trends, including some of the differences in citation rates between journals and different subdisciplines. Preprints clearly have supplanted the journals as the primary means for initially becoming aware of papers, at least for a large fraction of the ApJ author community. Publication in a widely-recognized peer-reviewed journal remains as the primary determinant of the impact of a paper, however. For example, conference proceedings papers posted on astro-ph are also cited twice as frequently as those that are not posted, but overall such papers are still cited 20 times less often than the average ApJ paper. These results provide insights into how astronomical research is currently disseminated by authors and ingested by readers.

  16. Center symmetry and area laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas D. Cohen

    2014-07-15

    SU($N_c$) gauge theories containing matter fields may be invariant under transformations of some subgroup of the $\\mathbb{Z}_{N_c}$ center; the maximum such subgroup is $\\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, with $p$ depending on $N_c$ and the representations of the various matter fields in the theory. Confining SU($N_c$) gauge theories in either 3+1 or 2+1 space-time dimensions and with matter fields in any representation have string tensions for representation $R$ given by $\\sigma_R =\\sigma_f \\, \\, \\frac{p_R (p-p_R) \\, \\, g\\left (p_R (p-p_R) \\right )}{(p-1) \\, \\, g(p -1 )} $ with $p_R={n_R \\, \\rm mod}(p)$, where $\\sigma_f $ is the string tension for the fundamental representation, $g$ is a positive finite function and $n_R$ is the n-ality of $R$. This implies that a necessary condition for a theory in this class to have an area law is invariance of the theory under a nontrivial subgroup of the center. Significantly, these results depend on $p$ regardless of the value of $N_c$.

  17. Facility Automation Products--Systems--Applications--Trends 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, H. D.

    1986-01-01

    PRODUCTS ?? SYSTEMS ?? APPLICATIONS ?? TRENDS Harris D. Bynum Honeywell Inc. Atlanta, Georgia INDUSTRIAL YEAR QUANTITY PeRCENT TOTAL 1974 30.83 42.3 72.48 1975 28.34 40.2 70.49 1978 30.18 40.8 74.30 1977 31.02 40.7 78.21 1978 31.38 40.2 78... such as thermal storage and cogeneration are being more frequent ly used. Energy management control strategies required for the energy systems are more effective when the global facility digital system communication network and global data base...

  18. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs. It is important to note that this report covers only a portion of voluntary markets for renewable energy. It does not cover green power sold by independent marketers except for cases in which the marketers work in conjunction with utilities or default electricity suppliers.

  19. Trends in stationary energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs,Department ofARPA-E Top 10HydrogenEnergy|ApplicationsTrends

  20. Emerging Trends in US Vehicle Travel Demand

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets 9,Why Report‹ SeeEmerging Trends in US

  1. Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws" NICOLAS RATIER1 , MAYA MARKOVA2 1 an implementation in Maple language of the Kirchhoff's third law and its dual, the so­called Kirchhoff's fourth law­called Kirch- hoff's "third and fourth laws" [5]. These laws allows one to express network functions, in a very

  2. Scaling and laws of DC discharges as pointers for HiPIMS plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maszl, Christian; von Keudell, Achim; Störi, Herbert

    2015-01-01

    Scaling or smiliarity laws of plasmas are of interest if lab size plasma sources are to be scaled for industrial processes. Ideally, the discharge parameters of the scaled plasmas are predictable and the fundamental physical processes are unaltered. Naturally, there are limitations and ranges of validity. Scaling laws for direct current glow discharges are well known. If a well diagnosed discharge is scaled, the field strength in the positive column, the gas amplification and the normal current density can easily be estimated. For non-stationary high power discharges like high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) plasmas, scaling is not as straight forward. Here, one deals with a non-stationary complex system with strong changes in plasma chemistry and symmetry breaks during the pulses. Because of the huge parameter space no good parameters are available to define these kind of discharges unambiguous at the moment. In this contribution we will discuss the scaling laws for DC glow discharges briefly and...

  3. Summary of trends in photovoltaic patent activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, L.O.

    1984-06-01

    This report presents information on patent activity for inventions concerning photovoltaic cell technology. Such information can aid in the assessment of the status and direction of technological development. A total of 729 US patents that issued between mid-1962 and the end of 1982, were individually examined and classified into several technical categories for this study. Computerized analysis of trends in patent activity among major technical categories was performed. The level of inventive activity increased dramatically in the mid-1970's. It appears to have peaked in 1978 and remained steady through 1980. The data indicates that, beginning in 1978, an increasing proportion of inventions were among approaches other than the conventional Cz type cells, specifically thin film and concentrator cells. Thin film and Cz type photovoltaic cells represent two-thirds of the patents analyzed. Among thin film patents, silicon and cadmium containing cells represent about two-thirds of the patents analyzed. Further insight into recent trends could be obtained by adding more recently issued patents to the database.

  4. Electric current locator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Woodside, Charles Rigel (Corvallis, OR)

    2012-02-07

    The disclosure herein provides an apparatus for location of a quantity of current vectors in an electrical device, where the current vector has a known direction and a known relative magnitude to an input current supplied to the electrical device. Mathematical constants used in Biot-Savart superposition equations are determined for the electrical device, the orientation of the apparatus, and relative magnitude of the current vector and the input current, and the apparatus utilizes magnetic field sensors oriented to a sensing plane to provide current vector location based on the solution of the Biot-Savart superposition equations. Description of required orientations between the apparatus and the electrical device are disclosed and various methods of determining the mathematical constants are presented.

  5. Fault Characterization using Induced Electric Currents Presumed to Undergo Anomalous Diffusion in Mason, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Blaine Cullen

    2014-08-01

    ??. The transmitter generates eddy currents in the subsurface that travel downwards and outwards with a velocity determined by the conductivity of the medium (Figure 3.1). The eddy current system is driven by an induced electromotive force (EMF) which is created by a... time varying magnetic field via Faraday’s law, ?× E = ? ?B ?t . (3.8) The induced eddy currents obey Lenz’s law, which dictates the direction of the induced current flow. For induction in the subsurface the EMF in a closed path is 26 given by E = ???...

  6. Testing reanalysis datasets in Antarctica: Trends, persistence properties and trend significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yang; Havlin, Shlomo

    2015-01-01

    The reanalysis datasets provide very important sources for investigating the climate dynamics and climate changes in Antarctica. In this paper, three major reanalysis data are compared with Antarctic station data over the last 35 years: the National Centers for Environmental Prediction and the National Center for Atmospheric Research reanalysis (NCEP1), NCEP-DOE Reanalysis 2 (NCEP2), and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Interim Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim). In our assessment, we compare the linear trends, the fluctuations around the trends, the persistence properties and the significance level of warming trends in the reanalysis data with the observational ones. We find that NCEP1 and NCEP2 show spurious warming trends in all parts of Antarctica except the Peninsula, while ERA-Interim is quite reliable except at Amundsen-Scott. To investigate the persistence of the data sets, we consider the lag-1 autocorrelation $C(1)$ and the Hurst exponent. While $C(1)$ varies quite erratically in differ...

  7. Cosmological Ohm's law and dynamics of non-minimal electromagnetism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollenstein, Lukas; Jain, Rajeev Kumar; Urban, Federico R. E-mail: jain@cp3.dias.sdu.dk

    2013-01-01

    The origin of large-scale magnetic fields in cosmic structures and the intergalactic medium is still poorly understood. We explore the effects of non-minimal couplings of electromagnetism on the cosmological evolution of currents and magnetic fields. In this context, we revisit the mildly non-linear plasma dynamics around recombination that are known to generate weak magnetic fields. We use the covariant approach to obtain a fully general and non-linear evolution equation for the plasma currents and derive a generalised Ohm law valid on large scales as well as in the presence of non-minimal couplings to cosmological (pseudo-)scalar fields. Due to the sizeable conductivity of the plasma and the stringent observational bounds on such couplings, we conclude that modifications of the standard (adiabatic) evolution of magnetic fields are severely limited in these scenarios. Even at scales well beyond a Mpc, any departure from flux freezing behaviour is inhibited.

  8. Current Testbed Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Current Testbed Research Previous Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Federated Testbed Circuits Test Circuit Service Performance (perfSONAR)...

  9. An Investigation of the Laws of Traversals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaskelioff, Mauro; 10.4204/EPTCS.76.5

    2012-01-01

    Traversals of data structures are ubiquitous in programming. Consequently, it is important to be able to characterise those structures that are traversable and understand their algebraic properties. Traversable functors have been characterised by McBride and Paterson as those equipped with a distributive law over arbitrary applicative functors; however, laws that fully capture the intuition behind traversals are missing. This article is an attempt to remedy this situation by proposing laws for characterising traversals that capture the intuition behind them. To support our claims, we prove that finitary containers are traversable in our sense and argue that elements in a traversable structure are visited exactly once.

  10. K. Smarsly, D. Hartmann & K. H. Law Integration of structural health and condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    and maintenance of wind turbines and, eventually, to operate wind turbines beyond their original design lives, and to increase operational efficiency and overall power output of wind farms. Currently, instead of incorporating into the life-cycle management of wind turbines Kay Smarsly* , Dietrich Hartmann** , Kincho H. Law* * Department

  11. The Economics of International Refugee Law Ryan Bubb, Michael Kremer, and David I. Levine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    The Economics of International Refugee Law Ryan Bubb, Michael Kremer, and David I. Levine ABSTRACT: We model the current system of refugee protection as a contract that bound states to provide a more efficient level of the public good of refugee protection. We show how the screening problem caused

  12. GP-8 LAWS AND REGULATIONS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear PhysicsGE Global ResearchGNU »

  13. Tokamak halo currents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boozer, Allen H. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

    2013-08-15

    A halo current flows for part of its path through the plasma edge and for part through the chamber walls and can be as large as tenths of the plasma current. The primary interest in halo currents is the large force that they can exert on machine components. Two discordant constraints are central to the theory: (1) Halo currents must produce the magnetic field distribution required to maintain plasma force balance—a distribution that depends on the two angular coordinates of a torus. (2) Halo currents must flow along the magnetic field lines in the plasma, which implies a dependence on a linear combination of the two angular coordinates—only one angular coordinate is free. The physics basis of these two constraints is explained as is their application to the calculation of the properties of halo currents, such as their broad toroidal spectrum. Existing codes could be used to (1) provide detailed comparisons with experiments to validate that the critical elements of physics are adequately included, (2) allow more complete predictions for future machines such as ITER, and (3) design shunts and resistive elements to ensure halo currents follow paths that are the least damaging to the machine. The physics of halo currents implies that it may be possible to feedback stabilize resistive wall modes beyond the ideal-wall limit.

  14. Second Law Optimization of Heat Exchangers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witte, L. C.

    1985-01-01

    A new method for optimizing heat exchangers is developed in this paper. It is based on second law efficiency relationships rather than on the traditional heat exchanger effectiveness concept. The cost of energy is based on its availability level...

  15. Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...

  16. Name Law and Gender in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willson, Kendra

    2009-01-01

    in early nineteenth-century Iceland. ” History of the FamilyMA thesis, University of Iceland. Guðrún Kvaran and SigurðurName Law and Gender in Iceland by Kendra Willson CSW JUN09

  17. Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2007-01-01

    Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....

  18. Essays in empirical law and economics/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lem, Jacklin Chou

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...

  19. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Kaiser, M.

    2007-10-01

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilities--or about 25% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Through these programs, more than 70 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2006 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  20. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, Lori; Kaiser, Marshall

    2007-10-01

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilities—or about 25% of all utilities nationally—provide their customers a “green power” option. Through these programs, more than 70 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs—or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2006 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  1. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  2. TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission Development Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: TEEIC Laws and...

  3. Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

  4. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. PDF icon Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and...

  5. UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on...

  6. Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance(tm) on July 22, 2014 Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance(tm) on...

  7. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...

  8. Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular Chamber Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular...

  9. Sustainable Event Management: Opportunities and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almadani, Faisal S.

    2012-12-14

    to eliminate wastes ahead of the executing of events and encouraging recycling and separating recyclable materials at events reduce the damage. In this study, a survey was conducted to investigate current sustainable event practices and to determine...

  10. Trend surface analysis of Greenland precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Veen, Cornelis J.; Vromwich, D. H.; Csatho, B. M.; Kim, C.

    2001-12-27

    Multivariate regression methods are applied to measurements of accumulation covering much of the interior of the Greenland ice sheet to evaluate the important factors that describe the current distribution of accumulation. ...

  11. Subsea production systems - trends in the nineties: Minitemplate/cluster wells; towed flowline bundles; multiphase flowmeters, improved gauges - a proven track record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, J.W.

    1996-04-01

    Subsea production systems have successfully demonstrated their overall reliability, and have established a proven track record over the past 30 years of field experience. Current trends in their configuration from large, heavy, multiwell integrated drilling template and production/injection manifold systems to small, light-weight, {open_quotes}mini template{close_quotes} systems or clustered well manifolds with individual satellite wells-essentially a cost reduction trend-are expected to continue throughout the remainder of the decade. System configuration and equipment technology trends in the 1990s are now improving the profitability and capability of subsea production systems.

  12. Adjustable direct current and pulsed circuit fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, Heinrich J.; Schillig, Josef B.

    2003-09-23

    A fault current limiting system for direct current circuits and for pulsed power circuit. In the circuits, a current source biases a diode that is in series with the circuits' transmission line. If fault current in a circuit exceeds current from the current source biasing the diode open, the diode will cease conducting and route the fault current through the current source and an inductor. This limits the rate of rise and the peak value of the fault current.

  13. The Case for exCellenCe The University of Houston Law Center is a Tier One law school

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasser, Adrian

    of 200 law schools by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · Ranked 42nd in 2011 by the National Law Journal. 56 out of 200 law schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, and one of only eight public law and Information Law Institute is ranked 6th nationally by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · UH Health Law

  14. Radiation induced leakage current and stress induced leakage current in ultra-thin gate oxides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceschia, M.; Paccagnella, A.; Cester, A.; Scarpa, A.; Ghidini, G.

    1998-12-01

    Low-field leakage current has been measured in thin oxides after exposure to ionizing radiation. This Radiation Induced Leakage Current (RILC) can be described as an inelastic tunneling process mediated by neutral traps in the oxide, with an energy loss of about 1 eV. The neutral trap distribution is influenced by the oxide field applied during irradiation, thus indicating that the precursors of the neutral defects are charged, likely being defects associated to trapped holes. The maximum leakage current is found under zero-field condition during irradiation, and it rapidly decreases as the field is enhanced, due to a displacement of the defect distribution across the oxide towards the cathodic interface. The RILC kinetics are linear with the cumulative dose, in contrast with the power law found on electrically stressed devices.

  15. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gasto Development of Long-Term Energy Demand Scenarios forto Development of Long-Term Energy Demand Scenarios for

  16. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook Nan Zhou, Michael A.2001, International Energy Outlook 2001 , Report No. DOE/The International Energy Outlook 2006 (IEO2006) , Washington

  17. Solar Photovoltaic Installation Market Trends | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Photovoltaic Installation Market Trends Home John55364's picture Submitted by John55364(95) Contributor 14 May, 2015 - 02:24 Global Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installation...

  18. Energy-saving tech, trends and talk at Efficiency Exchange

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy-saving-tech-trends-and-talk-at-Efficiency-Exchange Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives...

  19. Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleRecentTrends...

  20. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Total Primary Energy Detail

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Consumption and Graph Total Primary Energy Consumption Graph Detail and Data Table 1979 to 1992 primary consumption trend with 95% confidence ranges 1979 to 1992 primary...

  1. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Total Site Energy Detail

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Consumption and Graph Total Site Energy Consumption Graph Detail and Data Table 1979 to 1992 site consumption trend with 95% confidence ranges 1979 to 1992 site...

  2. Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency -- Update on Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency, Call Slides and Discussion Summary, November 7, 2013. Call Slides and Discussion...

  3. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Won Young

    2011-01-01

    costs (DisplaySearch 2011b). The maximum luminance level of new entry-than cost. Table 2-2 shows new design trends in entry-level

  4. ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    technology transfer continues strong upward trend Mike Paulus, director of Technology Transfer, says initiatives like SPARK have been effective at connecting entrepreneurs,...

  5. Trends In U.S. Electric Power Transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-11-15

    The report provides an overview of the changes that are occurring in the industry to implement the goals of improved reliability and reduced congestion costs. As the electric industry works to become a more efficient market, transmission stands as a key link between the competitive generation and the regulated distribution sectors. In this role as a key link, transmission is a major focus of government efforts to improve reliability and reduce congestion costs. The scope of the report is to analyze the dominant reliability, investment, siting, and competition/open access trends that are occurring in the domestic electric transmission industry. Topics covered include: the impact of the 2003 Northeast blackout on reliability rules; the move from voluntary to mandatory reliability standards; the advent of real-time transmission system monitoring; ISO/RTO efforts to improve system reliability; the drivers of government intervention in transmission investment; the move towards incentive-based rates for transmission investment; legislative and regulatory efforts to spur transmission investment to support renewable energy resources; the emergence of merchant transmission; the need for federal backstop authority on regional transmission projects; the designation of national interest electric transmission corridors; FERC Orders on siting transmission; the need for changes in open access and competition regulations; FERC efforts to increase open access and competition; legislative efforts to increase competition; and, current competitive issues in the industry.

  6. Influence of the Density Law on Various Fissile Single Unit and Array Storage Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, S T

    2011-03-02

    The advancement of computational technology has resulted in the wide-spread availability of powerful radiation transport Monte Carlo codes. Prevailing practices today rely heavily on Monte Carlo codes to provide the basis for assessing the reactivity of various fissile systems for nuclear criticality safety (NCS). In 1958, Weinberg and Wigner expressed their concerns on a 'deplorable trend in reactor design - the tendency to substitute a code for a theory'. Unfortunately, their concerns have largely become a reality in many modern NCS practices. lacking the time or information to understand the underlying neutron physics of the fissile system under consideration is indeed a deplorable trend. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that many features of criticality hand calculation methods are indeed based upon the fundamentals of the density law and that many correlations of important physics parameters can be more easily understood from such a perspective. Historically, the density law was recognized by many pioneers in the field, including during the Manhattan Project. However, it was by and large an 'oral tradition' in that bits and pieces of great physical insights of the pioneers were scattered in many earlier publications. This paper attempts to bring together some of the 'jewels' of the pioneers which might have been lost or forgotten.

  7. Geothermal Energy: Current abstracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringe, A.C. (ed.)

    1988-02-01

    This bulletin announces the current worldwide information available on the technologies required for economic recovery of geothermal energy and its use as direct heat or for electric power production. (ACR)

  8. Supplementary balance laws and the entropy principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serge Preston

    2010-08-01

    In this work we study the mathematical aspects of the development in the continuum thermodynamics known as the "Entropy Principle". It started with the pioneering works of B.Coleman, W.Noll and I. Muller in 60th of XX cent. and got its further development mostly in the works of G. Boillat, I-Shis Liu and T.Ruggeri. "Entropy Principle" combines in itself the structural requirement on the form of balance laws of the thermodynamical system (denote such system $(\\mathcal{C})$) and on the entropy balance law with the convexity condition of the entropy density. First of these requirements has pure mathematical form defining so called "supplementary balance laws" (shortly SBL) associated with the original balance system. Vector space of SBL can be considered as a kind of natural "closure" of the original balance system. This space includes the original balance laws, the entropy balance, the balance laws corresponding to the symmetries of the balance system and some other balance equations. We consider the case of Rational Extended Thermodynamics where densities, fluxes and sources of the balance equations do not depend on the derivatives of physical fields $y^i$. We present the basic structures of RET: Lagrange-Liu equations,"main fields", and dual formulation of the balance system. We obtain and start studying the defining system of equations for the density $h^0$ of a supplementary balance law. This overdetermined linear system of PDE of second order determines all the densities $h^0$ and with them, due to the formalism of RET, the fluxes and sources of SBL. Solvability conditions of defining system delivers the constitutive restrictions on the balance equations of the original balance system. We illustrate our results by some simple examples of balance system and by describing all the supplementary balance laws and the constitutive restrictions for the Cattaneo heat propagation system.

  9. Beam current sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuchnir, M.; Mills, F.E.

    1984-09-28

    A current sensor for measuring the dc component of a beam of charged particles employs a superconducting pick-up loop probe, with twisted superconducting leads in combination with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) detector. The pick-up probe is in the form of a single-turn loop, or a cylindrical toroid, through which the beam is directed and within which a first magnetic flux is excluded by the Meisner effect. The SQUID detector acts as a flux-to-voltage converter in providing a current to the pick-up loop so as to establish a second magnetic flux within the electrode which nulls out the first magnetic flux. A feedback voltage within the SQUID detector represents the beam current of the particles which transit the pick-up loop. Meisner effect currents prevent changes in the magnetic field within the toroidal pick-up loop and produce a current signal independent of the beam's cross-section and its position within the toroid, while the combination of superconducting elements provides current measurement sensitivities in the nano-ampere range.

  10. EXTENDED SCHMIDT LAW: ROLE OF EXISTING STARS IN CURRENT STAR FORMATION

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech ConnectExperiments

  11. Inducing currents A current can produce a B field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    current (and an induced emf) can be generated in a loop of wire by: Moving a permanent magnet in or out#12;Inducing currents A current can produce a B field Can a B field generate a current? Move a bar magnet in and out of loop of wire Moving magnet towards loop causes current in loop Current disappears

  12. INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety

  13. Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north

  14. Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo

  15. Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 The second law, the fourth law, recycling and limits to growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473­483 ANALYSIS The second law, the fourth law, recycling that there must be a large stockpile of inactive materials as well as an exogenous source of exergy (e.g. from energy (i.e. exergy) is ultimately the only scarce element be- cause, if enough of it is available, all

  16. Censored Regression Trend Analyses for Ambient Water Quality Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Gordon K.

    Censored Regression Trend Analyses for Ambient Water Quality Data Gordon K. Smyth 1 , Melanie Cox 2 regression; logistic distribution; regression splines; seasonal trends. 1 Introduction Water is a very. A censored regression strat- egy is used to accommodate arbitrary detection limits for the indicator

  17. Green Power Marketing Abroad: Recent Experience and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green Power Marketing Abroad: Recent Experience and Trends May 2002 · NREL/TP-620-32155 Lori Bird-32155 Green Power Marketing Abroad: Recent Experience and Trends Lori Bird National Renewable Energy liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus

  18. Common Trends in Software Fault and Failure Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goseva-Popstojanova, Katerina

    Common Trends in Software Fault and Failure Data Maggie Hamill, Member, IEEE, and Katerina Goseva with the findings from related studies. The consistency of several main trends across software systems in this paper-Popstojanova, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--The benefits of the analysis of software faults and failures have been

  19. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-07-20

    Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

  20. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, Lori; Brown, Elizabeth

    2006-10-01

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 600 utilities—or about 20% of all utilities nationally—provide their customers a “green power” option. Because some utilities offer programs in conjunction with cooperative associations or other publicly owned power entities, the number of distinct programs totals more than 130. Through these programs, more than 50 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs—or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  1. On Power Law Inflation in DBI Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Spalinski

    2007-04-26

    Inflationary models in string theory which identify the inflaton with an open string modulus lead to effective field theories with non-canonical kinetic terms: Dirac-Born-Infeld scalar field theories. In the case of a $D$-brane moving in an AdS throat with a quadratic scalar field potential DBI kinetic terms allow a novel realization of power law inflation. This note adresses the question of whether this behaviour is special to this particular choice of throat geometry and potential. The answer is that for any throat geometry one can explicitly find a potential which leads to power law inflation. This generalizes the well known fact that an exponential potential gives power law inflation in the case of canonical kinetic terms.

  2. Memory Constraints for Power-Law Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Fangjian; Zhao, Zhi-Dan; Zhou, Tao

    2015-01-01

    Many time series produced by complex systems are empirically found to follow power-law distributions with different exponents $\\alpha$. By permuting the independently drawn samples from a power-law distribution, we present non-trivial bounds on the memory (1st-order autocorrelation) as a function of $\\alpha$, which are markedly different from the ordinary $\\pm 1$ bounds for Gaussian or uniform distributions. When $1 3$, the upper bound remains +1 while the lower bound descends below 0. Theoretical bounds agree well with numerical simulations. Based on the ratings of MovieLens and posts in Twitter, we also find that empirical power-law distributed data produced by human activities conform to such constraints.

  3. Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer

    2015-08-20

    We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.

  4. The elliptical power law profile lens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tessore, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    The deflection, potential, shear and magnification of a gravitational lens following an elliptical power law mass model are investigated. This mass model is derived from the circular power law profile through a rescaling of the axes, similar to the case of a singular isothermal ellipsoid. The resulting deflection can be calculated explicitly and given in terms of the Gaussian hypergeometric function. Analytic expressions for the remaining lensing properties are found as well. Because the power law profile lens contains a number of well-known lens models as special cases, the equivalence of the new expressions with known results is checked. Finally, it is shown how these results naturally lead to a fast and accurate numerical scheme for computing the deflection and other lens quantities, making this method a useful tool for realistically modelling observed lenses.

  5. Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.

  6. Fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darmann, Francis Anthony

    2013-10-08

    A fault current limiter (FCL) includes a series of high permeability posts for collectively define a core for the FCL. A DC coil, for the purposes of saturating a portion of the high permeability posts, surrounds the complete structure outside of an enclosure in the form of a vessel. The vessel contains a dielectric insulation medium. AC coils, for transporting AC current, are wound on insulating formers and electrically interconnected to each other in a manner such that the senses of the magnetic field produced by each AC coil in the corresponding high permeability core are opposing. There are insulation barriers between phases to improve dielectric withstand properties of the dielectric medium.

  7. Current Testbed Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet Hanford Advisory Board Convening ReportCurrent Students

  8. Environmental trends: The Tox-man cometh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levin, M.H. (Nixon, Hargrave, Devans and Doyle, Washington D.C. (USA))

    1990-08-01

    The Air Toxics Title of the pending Clean Air Act could pose problems for businesses of all sizes. While public attention largely focused on Congressional battles over acid rain and urban smog, tough clauses to eliminate hazardous emissions from production or commercial use of such common substances as paper, plastic, antifreeze, methanol and glass wool wailed serenely by. As passed in similar versions by the Senate and House, scheduled for summer action by a Conference Committee, and likely to be signed into law next October, these clauses will sweep thousands of businesses. They could subject dry cleaners as well as factories to neighborhood hearings on their continued existence, and to criminal penalties for failure to keep detailed records or prevent certain emissions that have not yet been regulated. They could also cost from {dollar sign}7 billion to more than {dollar sign}23 billion per year for compliance and endanger nearly a million net private-sector jobs upon full implementation, making air toxics rules one of the most expensive environmental programs ever enacted. Yet Congress has embraced most of these provisions by virtual consensus, with little evaluation of alternatives, effects on competition, or the actual health benefits such expenditures might yield.

  9. Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences Shew, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman, and John Rodgers #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004 Our Goals: u

  10. Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences, Woodrow Shew, Daniel Sisan, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003 Our Goal: u

  11. Fractional conservation laws in optimal control theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gastao S. F. Frederico; Delfim F. M. Torres

    2007-11-05

    Using the recent formulation of Noether's theorem for the problems of the calculus of variations with fractional derivatives, the Lagrange multiplier technique, and the fractional Euler-Lagrange equations, we prove a Noether-like theorem to the more general context of the fractional optimal control. As a corollary, it follows that in the fractional case the autonomous Hamiltonian does not define anymore a conservation law. Instead, it is proved that the fractional conservation law adds to the Hamiltonian a new term which depends on the fractional-order of differentiation, the generalized momentum, and the fractional derivative of the state variable.

  12. Future Students Current Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzel, Suzanne

    Search Home Future Students Current Students For Alumni For Employers News & Media Upcoming Events IU Home IUB Home IUB Computer Science IUPUI Home IUPUI Informatics IUPUI New Media IUSB Informatics the expertise of the Industrial Light & Magic. Alex Sutter, a special effects creator who works in ILM

  13. Peng, McKenna, Fenves, Law1 An Open Collaborative Model for Development of Finite Element Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    a reality. The open source software development process reflects a powerful global trend toward networked and engineers can easily incorporate new element technologies and solution strategies. The distributed element engineering analysis programs. In current engineering practice, finite element packages need to be able

  14. Occupational safety and health law handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman

    1999-09-01

    This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.

  15. International College of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    , to labour market economics, and fraudulent claims in insurance law. The broad spectrum of research activity in Business include: · Centre of Consumer Confidence Studies (CCCS) · Finance and Risk Management · Institute-Business Research (CeBR) · Technology and Innovation Management Research groups in Economics include: · Labour

  16. law.wayne.edu Admissions Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Abbatt, '83 Hon. Nancy G. Edmunds, '76 Hon. Marilyn Kelly, '71 Thomas G. Kienbaum, '68 E. Powell Miller, '57 Maurice S. Binkow Richard J. Burstein, '69 Robert M. Carson, '68 Eric T. Carver, '97 Ina C. Cohen are a family here." -- Jocelyn Benson Dean " introduction02 Jocelyn Benson was named dean of Wayne Law in June

  17. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    1 23 International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics ISSN 1567-9764 Int Environ Service ICC 301, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA A. Drieschova Department of Political ``traditional'' issues such as hydro- power, water allocation and irrigation are still important

  18. Today's Material Gauss' Law and Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashlock, Dan

    Field Lines' #12;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region of space. We can.1 ­ 22.3 Next lecture · More on Gauss's law #12;Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing

  19. Selected Bibliography Law, Information Policy, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Selected Bibliography on Law, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases Compiled by: Harlan J 04469-5711 National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Report 94-2 #12;ii Preface, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases. Articles have been placed within one of the following categories: 1

  20. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  1. A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples

  2. QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.

  3. Wien's Displacement Law in Rindler Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De, Sanchari; Ghosh, Sutapa; Chakrabarty, Somenath

    2015-01-01

    In this article we have developed a formalism to obtained the modified form of Wien's displacement law when the wall of the enclosure containing a photon gas is expanding adiabatically with a uniform acceleration. We have also studied the gravitational redshift of photons inside the enclosure using the prescription of extended relativistic dynamics with an upper limit of acceleration.

  4. On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk

    2009-05-15

    A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

  5. Diffusion Processes Satisfying a Conservation Law Constraint

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bakosi, J.; Ristorcelli, J. R.

    2014-03-04

    We investigate coupled stochastic differential equations governing N non-negative continuous random variables that satisfy a conservation principle. In various fields a conservation law requires that a set of fluctuating variables be non-negative and (if appropriately normalized) sum to one. As a result, any stochastic differential equation model to be realizable must not produce events outside of the allowed sample space. We develop a set of constraints on the drift and diffusion terms of such stochastic models to ensure that both the non-negativity and the unit-sum conservation law constraint are satisfied as the variables evolve in time. We investigate the consequencesmore »of the developed constraints on the Fokker-Planck equation, the associated system of stochastic differential equations, and the evolution equations of the first four moments of the probability density function. We show that random variables, satisfying a conservation law constraint, represented by stochastic diffusion processes, must have diffusion terms that are coupled and nonlinear. The set of constraints developed enables the development of statistical representations of fluctuating variables satisfying a conservation law. We exemplify the results with the bivariate beta process and the multivariate Wright-Fisher, Dirichlet, and Lochner’s generalized Dirichlet processes.« less

  6. New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee A Public Debate: Is Thermal Treatment of Solid Wastes Good for New York City? March 22, 2007 New York City Bar Association Great Hall 42 West 44th Street, New York, NY Nickolas J. Themelis (njt1@columbia.edu; www.columbia.edu/cu/earth; www

  7. Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Frampton

    2012-09-24

    A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.

  8. RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bunting, Bruce G

    2012-01-01

    Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

  9. Aternating current photovoltaic building block

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bower, Ward Issac; Thomas, Michael G.; Ruby, Douglas S.

    2004-06-15

    A modular apparatus for and method of alternating current photovoltaic power generation comprising via a photovoltaic module, generating power in the form of direct current; and converting direct current to alternating current and exporting power via one or more power conversion and transfer units attached to the module, each unit comprising a unitary housing extending a length or width of the module, which housing comprises: contact means for receiving direct current from the module; one or more direct current-to-alternating current inverters; an alternating current bus; and contact means for receiving alternating current from the one or more inverters.

  10. Fuel cell current collector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Katz, Murray (Newington, CT); Bonk, Stanley P. (West Willington, CT); Maricle, Donald L. (Glastonbury, CT); Abrams, Martin (Glastonbury, CT)

    1991-01-01

    A fuel cell has a current collector plate (22) located between an electrode (20) and a separate plate (25). The collector plate has a plurality of arches (26, 28) deformed from a single flat plate in a checkerboard pattern. The arches are of sufficient height (30) to provide sufficient reactant flow area. Each arch is formed with sufficient stiffness to accept compressive load and sufficient resiliently to distribute the load and maintain electrical contact.

  11. High current ion source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Ian G. (1088 Woodside Rd., Berkeley, CA 94708); MacGill, Robert A. (645 Kern St., Richmond, CA 94805); Galvin, James E. (2 Commodore Dr. #276, Emeryville, CA 94608)

    1990-01-01

    An ion source utilizing a cathode and anode for producing an electric arc therebetween. The arc is sufficient to vaporize a portion of the cathode to form a plasma. The plasma leaves the generation region and expands through another regon. The density profile of the plasma may be flattened using a magnetic field formed within a vacuum chamber. Ions are extracted from the plasma to produce a high current broad on beam.

  12. UNH and UNH School of Law Student Exchange Program Guidelines The Affiliation Agreement between the University of New Hampshire ("UNH") and Franklin Pierce Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the University of New Hampshire ("UNH") and Franklin Pierce Law Center provides that the Law Center will become the University of New Hampshire School of Law ("UNH School of Law") and that the two institutions will work

  13. Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01

    Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook”. January 2007. LBNL-India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Stephane de la Rue duSectoral Trends and Future Outlook (Zhou et al. , 2007)

  14. Prospects for Comprehensive Immigration Reform in 2012-2013: Accounting for Trends in Immigration Public Opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrejano, Marisa

    2013-01-01

    Reform in 2012-2013: Accounting for Trends in ImmigrationReform in 2012-2013 Accounting for Trends in ImmigrationReform in 2012-2013 Accounting for Trends in Immigration

  15. Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies - Open Communications Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Tom

    2002-01-01

    2000, p. 223. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UCCimetrics. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC2000, p. 6. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC

  16. Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies - Open Communications Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Tom

    2002-01-01

    223. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC BerkeleyTrends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley FEMP/Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley FEMP/

  17. Energy spectrum of the electrons accelerated by reconnection electric field: exponential or power-law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, W J; Ding, M D; Fang, C

    2008-01-01

    The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However, in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test particle simulations of electron acceleration in reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of the reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that t...

  18. Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) Markets: Status and Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Kreycik, C.

    2011-11-01

    This paper examines experience in solar renewable energy certificate (SREC) markets in the United States. It describes how SREC markets function--key policy design provisions, eligible technologies, state and regional eligibility rules, solar alternative compliance payments, measurement and verification methods, long-term contracting provisions, and rate caps. It also examines the trends of SREC markets--trading volumes, sourcing trends, trends in the size of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems driven by these markets, and trends in price and compliance. Throughout, the paper explores key issues and challenges facing SREC markets and attempts by policymakers to address some of these market barriers. Data and information presented in this report are derived from SREC tracking systems, brokers and auctions, published reports, and information gleaned from market participants and interviews with state regulators responsible for SREC market implementation. The last section summarizes key findings.

  19. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Status and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    to 1997 #12;1 Status and Trends of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States 1986 to 1997 Thomas E. Dahl of the study including: Elaine Blok, Kevin Bon, John Cooper, David Dall, Jim Dick, Chuck Elliott, Gary Frazier

  20. Wind Power Price Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01

    should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

  1. Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;3. Prospects for Electricity Development Electricity Access Projected Electrification Rates by Region globalElectricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12

  2. Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to:...

  3. Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.

    2013-05-01

    In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

  4. NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HPC NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC February 10, 2013 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) All members of the Berkeley Lab community, as well as...

  5. Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkel, Kenneth E.

    The state of knowledge regarding trends and an understanding of their causes is presented for a specific subset of extreme weather and climate types. For severe convective storms (tornadoes, hailstorms, and severe ...

  6. Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ! · Powerful energy industry · Future? · Today´s discussion! #12;Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different

  7. Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance April 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance April 2014 Forest Products Trade between China. Whiletheglobaleconomicdownturnaffectedconsumptioninmanycountries,China'stradewithAfricaremained mostly unaffected. In particular, commodities, such as oil and gas

  8. Thickness trends and sequence stratigraphy of the Middle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelder, Terry

    Thickness trends and sequence stratigraphy of the Middle Devonian Marcellus Formation, Appalachian to the lithostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy of the Middle and Upper Devonian shale succession of the Appalachian

  9. Trends in on-road vehicle emissions of ammonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kean, A.J.

    2009-01-01

    Gasoline on Motor Vehicle Emissions: Mass Emission Rates.Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia A.J. Kean 1 ,94720 Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been

  10. Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Henriksen

    2006-09-05

    Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.

  11. A reservoir engineer characterization of the Austin Chalk trend 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Her-Yuan

    1985-01-01

    A RESERVOIR ENGINEER CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AUSTIN CHALK TREND A Thesis by HER-YUAN CHEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A RESERVOIR ENGINEER CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AUSTIN CHALK TREND A Thesis by HER-YUAN CHEN Approved as to style and content by; Steven W. Poston (Chairman of Committee) hing H. Wu (Member) Robert R. Serg...

  12. Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, David Wayne

    1990-01-01

    TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

  13. Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

    2004-01-01

    November 2000. Trends in Energy Management Technologywww.tridium.com Trends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/T. L. , "Trends in Energy Management Technology - Enabling

  14. Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 4: Review of Advanced Applications in Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

    2003-01-01

    pdf Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology Fault Detection andTrends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/NTDP Technical

  15. Graduates' Perceptions of the Criminal Justice Degree as Preparation for a Career in Law Enforcement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franks, George Robert

    2010-10-12

    of interpretation. Secondly, Schrink, Roy and Ransburg (1999) write about the significant gap in funded social science research following the end of the Law Enforcement Assistance Programs, discussed in the literature review. During the last decade, we have... experienced another gap in research funding for social sciences creating a shortage of current literature relevant to this study. 8 Section One: Professionalizing Police and the Birth of an Academic Discipline The historical literature commonly...

  16. Geomagnetically Induced Currents / Telluric Currents and Potential for Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    ? Transformers ? Generators ? Circuit Breakers ? Arresters ? SCADA, Controls & Sensitive Customers Storm Analysis Network Also Increases GIC Risk by 7 Times! #12;Geomagnetic Storms & Transformer Failures ­ Historic Trends IEEE Survey of GSU Transformer Failures #12;1989-1991 IEEE Survey of GSU Transformer Failures Data

  17. Lubricated viscous gravity currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kowal, Katarzyna N.; Worster, M. Grae

    2015-02-10

    ) at their base. The presence of subglacial meltwater can be attributed to geothermal heating, frictional heating from glacier sliding, and ice melting under pressure from the weight of the ice † Email address for correspondence: K.Kowal@damtp.cam.ac.uk 2 K. N... -fed and a constant head was maintained in the reservoir. To minimize the amount Lubricated viscous gravity currents 15 mirror syringe pump reservoir glass sheet perspex sheet screen Golden Syrup Salt Solution 1 m Figure 6: Schematic of our experimental...

  18. Current Power Rates

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in ActinideRail betweenProtectionCurrentJobPower-Rates

  19. Current Research Portfolio

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in ActinideRailCurrent Research Portfolio Sign In About |

  20. Current Transmission Rates

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in ActinideRailCurrent Research Portfolio Sign

  1. Current Solicitations - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet Hanford Advisory Board Convening Report SSABCurrentDOE-RL

  2. Current Schedule of Experiments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecoveryplanningCoalSocialFrameworks AppliedCurrentIn

  3. QER - Comment of Environmental Law & Policy Center | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Law & Policy Center QER - Comment of Environmental Law & Policy Center From: Stephanie Chase SChase@elpc.org Sent: Friday, October 10, 2014 6:02 PM To: QERcomments...

  4. The Constitutionality of Kansas Laws Targeting Sex Offenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Stephen R.

    1997-01-01

    Kansas, like many States, has enacted various laws in the past several years responding to concerns about sex offenders and public safety. Most prominent are state laws that substantially increase the criminal punishment ...

  5. Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson

    2003-07-22

    We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.

  6. Derrick A. Bell Jr., RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, William

    1983-01-01

    Derrick A. Bell Jr. , RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW. Little,1. D. A. BELL JR. , RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW xxvii (2dhereinafter cited as BFLL, Racism]. 2. Id. at xxiv. 3. Id.

  7. Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins of Modern Citizenship (review)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Wendy J.

    2001-01-01

    REVIEWS Keechang Kim, Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins ofhis thought-provoking work Aliens in Medieval Law, Keechangmedieval world to citizen and alien at the beginning of the

  8. Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.

    2000-01-01

    Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.

  9. Maxwell's equal area law for Lovelock Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hao

    2015-01-01

    We present the construction of Maxwell's equal area law for the Guass-Bonnet AdS black holes in $d=5,6$ and third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=7,8$. The equal area law can be used to find the number and location of the points of intersection in the plots of Gibbs free energy, so that we can get the thermodynamically preferred solution which corresponds to the first order phase transition. We have the radius of the small and larger black holes in the phase transition which share the same Gibbs free energy. The latent heat can also be calculated. For the third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=8$, the first order phase transition can be found in $T_t

  10. Maxwell's equal area law for Lovelock Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao Xu; Zhen-Ming Xu

    2015-10-22

    We present the construction of Maxwell's equal area law for the Guass-Bonnet AdS black holes in $d=5,6$ and third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=7,8$. The equal area law can be used to find the number and location of the points of intersection in the plots of Gibbs free energy, so that we can get the thermodynamically preferred solution which corresponds to the first order phase transition. We have the radius of the small and larger black holes in the phase transition which share the same Gibbs free energy. The latent heat can also be calculated. For the third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=8$, the first order phase transition can be found in $T_t

  11. Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2010-09-16

    We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\

  12. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  13. Covariant Balance Laws in Continua with Microstructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arash Yavari; Jerrold E. Marsden

    2008-11-13

    The purpose of this paper is to extend the Green-Naghdi-Rivlin balance of energy method to continua with microstructure. The key idea is to replace the group of Galilean transformations with the group of diffeomorphisms of the ambient space. A key advantage is that one obtains in a natural way all the needed balance laws on both the macro and micro levels along with two Doyle-Erickson formulas.

  14. Laws of thermodynamics and game theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Sakhnovich

    2011-05-23

    Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.

  15. Simple scaling laws for astrophysical jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Huarte-Espinosa; S. Mendoza

    2006-07-15

    The idea of a unified model for all astrophysical jets has been considered for quite some time. We present here a few scaling laws relevant to all type of astrophysical jets, analogous to those of \\citet{sams96} which are widely used for astrophysical black holes. We use Buckingham's $ \\Pi $ theorem of dimensional analysis to obtain a family of dimensional relations among the physical quantities associated to astrophysical jets.

  16. The Bayesian Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartolotta, Anthony; Leichenauer, Stefan; Pollack, Jason

    2015-01-01

    We derive a generalization of the Second Law of Thermodynamics that uses Bayesian updates to explicitly incorporate the effects of a measurement of a system at some point in its evolution. By allowing an experimenter's knowledge to be updated by the measurement process, this formulation resolves a tension between the fact that the entropy of a statistical system can sometimes fluctuate downward and the information-theoretic idea that knowledge of a stochastically-evolving system degrades over time. The Bayesian Second Law can be written as $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho) + \\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}\\geq 0$, where $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho)$ is the change in the cross entropy between the original phase-space probability distribution $\\rho$ and the measurement-updated distribution $\\rho_m$, and $\\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}$ is the expectation value of a generalized heat flow out of the system. We also derive refined versions of the Second Law that bound the entropy increase from below by a non-negative number, ...

  17. Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management://www.illegal-logging.info/uploads/paultoyne.pdf #12;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology

  18. Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology leading

  19. Inconsistent Application of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inconsistent Application of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak Woodlands1 Gregory of environmental laws and policies to California's oak woodlands and associated resources. Specifically, large of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak Woodlands-- Giusti and Merenlender Oaks continue

  20. R E P O R T S Criminal Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Law Queen's R E P O R T S Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching Manager of Records, Registration and Communications deanna Morash Director, Career Services nancy Somers T S C O V E R S T O R Y 8 Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching and Scholarship F

  1. Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Self­consistent Stochastic Reservoirs Federico Bonetto. The corresponding heat cur­ rent satisfies Fourier's law with a finite positive thermal conductivity which can also words: Fourier's law; harmonic crystal; non­equilibrium systems; ther­ modynamic limit; Green

  2. Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program Advanced Program Through special on writing their doctoral thesis in seminars. #12;2L: 2nd year in the curriculum for students without basic knowledge of law, 1st year in the curriculum for students with basic knowledge of law 3L: 3rd year

  3. Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general ­ the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many

  4. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND FRANCIS KING CAREY SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    with students. You can be part of a top ranked program in health law, environmental law, clinical law or trial/teachers, engaged in high impact research on some of the most pressing issues of the day. In the classroom "Is religious liberty a universally valid principle that can somehow be separated from politics, power

  5. MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW The Minor requires 24 UNITS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW The Minor requires 24 UNITS. Note: Minors must consist requirement. Psychology majors must take at least four courses in departments outside of Psychology toward to Psychology LAW 200 Law and Society Choose two from the following list: * PSYC 301L Cognitive

  6. FACULTY OF LAW www.philadelphia.edu.jo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FACULTY OF LAW STU D ENT HANDB O OK www.philadelphia.edu.jo www.philadelphia.edu.jo/elaw 2005 General and Important Directions for the Students 19 The Mission of Philadelphia Univer- sity 4 Law of Law at Philadelphia University is happy to present this handbook for you to be a mean of communication

  7. Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES Articles Careers in National Security) Brown, The National Security Council: A Legal History (2008) Fernández-Sánchez, International Legal National Security Law Report) #12;Key Resources ABA National Security Law Report DC District Court

  8. On the First Law of Geography: A Reply Waldo Tobler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobler, Waldo

    F O R U M On the First Law of Geography: A Reply Waldo Tobler Geography Department, University at a panel on the first law of geography organized by him at the 2003 AAG meeting in New Orleans. The comments seem to fall into two camps: some reject the idea of ``laws'' in geography, and others feel

  9. Energy scaling laws for conically constrained thin elastic Jeremy Brandman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy scaling laws for conically constrained thin elastic sheets Jeremy Brandman , Robert V. Kohn Classification: 74B20, 74K20 Keywords: d-cone, thin elastic sheets, energy scaling laws 1 Introduction 1 consistent with a conical deformation? In particular: ­ What is the elastic energy scaling law

  10. Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrck Graduate Summer School on the Cultural Study of the Law !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrück Graduate Summer School on the Cultural://www.blogs.uni-osnabrueck.de/lawandculture/!! The 3rd Graduate Summer School on Law, Language, and Culture aims to further promote

  11. IEA Wind Task 26: Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to support the generation and feed-in of renewable energy, and was continued by the EEG - Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz (Renewable Energy Law). Since then, 35 GW of land-based wind...

  12. Title Rules of the School of Law Category Honor Code and Rules of the School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Yu

    of the School of Law expects that students will conduct themselves in a manner that is above reproach at all

  13. Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    1 Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation.kostic.niu.edu/Kosticwww.kostic.niu.edu/Kostic--2nd2nd--LawLaw--Bio_Inteligence.htmBio_Inteligence.htm CarnotCarnot 18241824 Heat EngineHeat Engine will providewill provide visionvision for the future energy solutionsfor the future energy solutions ... a

  14. Statistical test of Duane-Hunt's law and its comparison with an alternative law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Perkovac

    2010-10-28

    Using Pearson correlation coefficient a statistical analysis of Duane-Hunt and Kulenkampff's measurement results was performed. This analysis reveals that empirically based Duane-Hunt's law is not entirely consistent with the measurement data. The author has theoretically found the action of electromagnetic oscillators, which corresponds to Planck's constant, and also has found an alternative law based on the classical theory. Using the same statistical method, this alternative law is likewise tested, and it is proved that the alternative law is completely in accordance with the measurements. The alternative law gives a relativistic expression for the energy of electromagnetic wave emitted or absorbed by atoms and proves that the empirically derived Planck-Einstein's expression is only valid for relatively low frequencies. Wave equation, which is similar to the Schr\\"odinger equation, and wavelength of the standing electromagnetic wave are also established by the author's analysis. For a relatively low energy this wavelength becomes equal to the de Broglie wavelength. Without any quantum conditions, the author made a formula similar to the Rydberg's formula, which can be applied to the all known atoms, neutrons and some hyperons.

  15. Oscillatory nonohomic current drive for maintaining a plasma current

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisch, N.J.

    1984-01-01

    Apparatus and methods are described for maintaining a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

  16. Oscillatory nonhmic current drive for maintaining a plasma current

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Princeton, NJ)

    1986-01-01

    Apparatus and method of the invention maintain a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

  17. Generalized entropies and the expansion law of the universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatemeh Lalehgani Dezaki; Behrouz Mirza

    2015-07-04

    We suggest that using the first law of thermodynamics is a convenient method to obtain a correct form of the expansion law of the universe \\cite{T. Padmanabhan1}. We will, then, use this idea to obtain the expansion law for a Kodama observer. By using the expansion law for a Kodama observer, we can obtain the dynamic equation of the FRW universe for deformed Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The use of the first law of thermodynamics also leads to a new approach for obtaining the Friedmann equations for f(R) and scalar tensor gravities.

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY IN THE PACIFIC BASIN AREA. Ichiro Kato, Nobuo Kumamoto, and William H. Matthews, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Stephen D.

    1982-01-01

    Japanese Environmental Policy and Law, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ANDthe laws and policies controlling environmental problems 3cornerstone of Japanese environmental policy, the Basic Law

  19. Circulating current battery heater

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ashtiani, Cyrus N. (West Bloomfield, MI); Stuart, Thomas A. (Toledo, OH)

    2001-01-01

    A circuit for heating energy storage devices such as batteries is provided. The circuit includes a pair of switches connected in a half-bridge configuration. Unidirectional current conduction devices are connected in parallel with each switch. A series resonant element for storing energy is connected from the energy storage device to the pair of switches. An energy storage device for intermediate storage of energy is connected in a loop with the series resonant element and one of the switches. The energy storage device which is being heated is connected in a loop with the series resonant element and the other switch. Energy from the heated energy storage device is transferred to the switched network and then recirculated back to the battery. The flow of energy through the battery causes internal power dissipation due to electrical to chemical conversion inefficiencies. The dissipated power causes the internal temperature of the battery to increase. Higher internal temperatures expand the cold temperature operating range and energy capacity utilization of the battery. As disclosed, either fixed frequency or variable frequency modulation schemes may be used to control the network.

  20. Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Thomas J

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.

  1. Validity of Thermodynamical Laws in Dark Energy Filled Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarpita Bhattacharya; Ujjal Debnath

    2010-12-26

    We have considered the flat FRW model of the universe which is filled with only dark energy. The general descriptions of first and second laws of thermodynamics are investigated on the apparent horizon and event horizon of the universe. We have assumed the equation of state of three different types of dark energy models. We have examined the validity of first and second laws of thermodynamics on apparent and event horizons for these dark energies. For these dark energy models, it has been found that on the apparent horizon, first and second laws are always valid. On the event horizon, the laws are break down for dark energy models 1 and 2. For model 3, first law cannot be satisfied on the event horizon, but second law may be satisfied at the late stage of the evolution of the universe and so the validity of second law on the event horizon depends on the values of the parameters only.

  2. Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main

    2007-12-21

    We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.

  3. Chemical composition analysis and product consistency tests to support enhanced Hanford waste glass models: Results for the January, March, and April 2015 LAW glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, K. M.; Edwards, T. B.; Riley, W. T.; Best, D. R.

    2015-09-03

    In this report, the Savannah River National Laboratory provides chemical analyses and Product Consistency Test (PCT) results for several simulated low activity waste (LAW) glasses (designated as the January, March, and April 2015 LAW glasses) fabricated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The results of these analyses will be used as part of efforts to revise or extend the validation regions of the current Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant glass property models to cover a broader span of waste compositions.

  4. Chemical composition analysis and product consistency tests to support Enhanced Hanford Waste Glass Models. Results for the Augusta and October 2014 LAW Glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, K. M.; Edwards, T. B.; Best, D. R.

    2015-07-07

    In this report, the Savannah River National Laboratory provides chemical analyses and Product Consistency Test (PCT) results for several simulated low activity waste (LAW) glasses (designated as the August and October 2014 LAW glasses) fabricated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The results of these analyses will be used as part of efforts to revise or extend the validation regions of the current Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant glass property models to cover a broader span of waste compositions.

  5. TRENDS in Genetics Vol.17 No.10 October 2001 http://tig.trends.com 0168-9525/01/$ see front matter 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bulyk, Martha L.

    TRENDS in Genetics Vol.17 No.10 October 2001 http://tig.trends.com 0168-9525/01/$ ­ see front affinity. A phage display library of Zif 268 variants was constructed where the amino acids in finger 2

  6. Is violation of Newton's second law possible?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Yu. Ignatiev

    2007-03-11

    Astrophysical observations (usually explained by dark matter) suggest that classical mechanics could break down when the acceleration becomes extremely small (the approach known as modified Newtonian dynamics, or MOND). I present the first analysis of MOND manifestations in terrestrial (rather than astrophysical) settings. A new effect is reported: around each equinox date, 2 spots emerge on the Earth where static bodies experience spontaneous acceleration due to the possible violation of Newton's second law. Preliminary estimates indicate that an experimental search for this effect can be feasible.

  7. Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Collier

    2014-09-15

    Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.

  8. "Irregularization" of Systems of Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter Swan; Woosong Choi; Stefanos Papanikolaou; Matthew Bierbaum; Yong S. Chen; James P. Sethna

    2015-06-18

    We explore new ways of regulating defect behavior in systems of conservation laws. Contrary to usual regularization schemes (such as a vanishing viscosity limit), which attempt to control defects by making them smoother, our schemes result in defects which are \\textit{more singular}, and we thus refer to such schemes as "irregularizations". In particular, we seek to produce \\textit{delta shock} defects which satisfy a condition of \\textit{stationarity}. We are motivated to pursue such exotic defects by a physical example arising from dislocation dynamics in materials physics, which we describe.

  9. Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Banks; Willy Fischler

    2013-10-25

    We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.

  10. Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and- EnergyNews »withNuclearLawrencesLaws

  11. PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Schechter

    2004-08-31

    The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

  12. Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional Differences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natural Marketing Institute, Harleysville, Pennsylvania

    2011-04-01

    The data in this report are taken from Natural Marketing Institute's (NMI's) Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability Consumer Trends Database. Created in 2002, the syndicated consumer database contains responses from 2,000 to 4,000 nationally representative U.S. adults (meaning the demographics of the sample are consistent with U.S. Census findings) each year. NMI used the database to analyze consumer attitudes and behavior related to renewable energy and to update previously conducted related research. Specifically, this report will explore consumer awareness, concerns, perceived benefits, knowledge of purchase options, and usage of renewable energy as well as provide regional comparisons and trends over time.

  13. Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy. Trends and Regional Differences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, Lori; Sumner, Jenny

    2011-04-01

    The data in this report are taken from Natural Marketing Institute's (NMI's) Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability Consumer Trends Database. Created in 2002, the syndicated consumer database contains responses from 2,000 to 4,000 nationally representative U.S. adults (meaning the demographics of the sample are consistent with U.S. Census findings) each year. NMI used the database to analyze consumer attitudes and behavior related to renewable energy and to update previously conducted related research. Specifically, this report will explore consumer awareness, concerns, perceived benefits, knowledge of purchase options, and usage of renewable energy as well as provide regional comparisons and trends over time.

  14. Energy Spectrum of the Electrons Accelerated by a Reconnection Electric Field: Exponential or Power Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Liu; P. F. Chen; M. D. Ding; C. Fang

    2009-01-10

    The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test-particle simulations of electron acceleration in a reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that the DC electric field alone might not be able to reproduce the observed single or double power-law distributions.

  15. Development and Validation of Temperature Dependent Thermal Neutron Scattering Laws for Applications and Safety Implications in Generation IV Reactor Designs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayman Hawari

    2008-06-20

    The overall obljectives of this project are to critically review the currently used thermal neutron scattering laws for various moderators as a function of temperature, select as well documented and representative set of experimental data sensitive to the neutron spectra to generate a data base of benchmarks, update models and models parameters by introducing new developments in thermalization theory and condensed matter physics into various computational approaches in establishing the scattering laws, benchmark the results against the experimentatl set. In the case of graphite, a validation experiment is performed by observing nutron slowing down as a function of temperatures equal to or greater than room temperature.

  16. The Third Law of Galactic Rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stacy S. McGaugh

    2014-12-11

    I review the connection between dynamics and the baryonic mass distribution in rotationally supported galaxies. The enclosed dynamical mass-to-light ratio increases with decreasing galaxy luminosity and surface brightness. The correlation with surface brightness appears to be the more fundamental, with the dependence on luminosity following simply from the weaker correlation between luminosity and surface brightness. In addition to this global relation, there is also a local relation between the amplitude of the mass discrepancy and the acceleration predicted by the observed distribution of baryons. I provide an empirical calibration of this mass discrepancy-acceleration relation. The data are consistent with the operation of a singe effective force law in disk galaxies, making this relation tantamount to a natural law. I further provide formulae by which the radial dark matter distribution can be estimated from surface photometry. The form of the dark matter halo depends uniquely on the distribution of baryons in each galaxy, and in general is neither a cusp nor a core. It remains difficult to see how galaxy formation models can reproduce the observed behavior, which is uniquely predicted by MOND.

  17. Trends in Higher Education Series Education Pays 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    Pricing, Trends in Student Aid, and Education Pays series in addition to How College Shapes Lives. In addition to the figures and tables included in this report, more information and data can be found by Education Level 13 Earnings Premium Relative to Price of Education FIGURE 1.3 Cumulative Earnings Net

  18. Trends in Support for Civil Liberties Tom W. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scherer, Norbert F.

    1 Trends in Support for Civil Liberties Tom W. Smith August 25. 2011 GSS Social Change's community, teach in a college or university, and have a book in the local, public library. The people asked in the library grew from 61% in 1972 to 74% in 2010. Table 2 indicates that allowing an" admitted Communist

  19. SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuenge, J. R.

    2013-10-01

    Report to help utilities and energy efficiency organizations forecast the order in which important SSL applications will become cost-effective and estimate when each "tipping point" will be reached. Includes performance trend analysis from DOE's LED Lighting Facts® and CALiPER programs plus cost analysis from various sources.

  20. Wood Engineering Education Trends and Challenges Rakesh Gupta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rakesh

    Wood Engineering Education ­ Trends and Challenges Rakesh Gupta1 and Vijaya Gopu2 1 Member ASCE, Associate Professor, Department of Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Professor and Chair, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA

  1. Does blending of chlorophyll data bias temporal trend?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    Does blending of chlorophyll data bias temporal trend? ARISING FROM D. G. Boyce, M. R. Lewis & B of the bias component. To obtain a larger and longer data set, Boyce et al.1 pooled estimates of local, CT 5 457 D22.37 . Blending of data types can introduce error unless their expected values E(CT) and E

  2. November2013Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Myanmar: The Political Economy of Myanmar's Timber Trade #12;#12;Timber Trade Flows and Actors in MyanmarNovember2013Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance Timber Trade Flows and Actors The Political Economy of Myanmar's Timber Trade Kevin Woods November 2013 #12;Acknowledgments The author, Kevin

  3. Search the Blog: Top 10 Green Building Trends for 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . It focuses on the concept of net metering which is the idea of taking excess energy produced by alternative add alternative energy production to supply the energy needs. Basically, if you can keep moreSearch the Blog: Search Jan 12 Top 10 Green Building Trends for 2010 by JTilley in Energy

  4. Moving Horizon Filter for Monotonic Trends Sikandar Samar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications where system performance needs to be monitored and trended. Such applications include automotive platforms. However a batch optimization solution of the monotonic regression problem results in a growing size of the problem as more measure- ments become available. In many aerospace, automotive, and other

  5. The Trend towards Statistical Models in Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennsylvania, University of

    a "language model," or (again from usage in communications theory) a "source model." In this applicationThe Trend towards Statistical Models in Natural Language Processing Mark Y. Liberman Department acquisition, and statistical models for applica- tion in speech recognizers, text or speech compression

  6. Foundations and Trends R Communications and Information Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merhav, Neri

    Foundations and Trends R in Communications and Information Theory Vol. 6, Nos. 1­2 (2009) 1­212 c 2010 N. Merhav DOI: 10.1561/0100000052 Statistical Physics and Information Theory By Neri Merhav in Communications and Information Theory Vol. 6, Nos. 1­2 (2009) 1­212 c 2010 N. Merhav DOI: 10

  7. Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development Rahul Gokhale-monsoon Groundwater(GW) levels are important for the periodic categorisation of regions in India according to their GW-safety. A specific procedure has been recommended by the Groundwater Estimation Committee, 1997(GEC'97), constituted

  8. Abundance Ratio Trends and Nucleosynthesis in Elliptical Galaxies and Spheroids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worthey, Guy

    Abundance Ratio Trends and Nucleosynthesis in Elliptical Galaxies and Spheroids Guy Worthey 1, nucleosynthesis, abundances --- galaxies: abundances --- galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD --- galaxies of the discussion to other elements in section 3. The fourth section discusses nucleosynthesis and possible hints

  9. PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Schechter

    2002-03-01

    The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame by application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. A secondary and synergistic objective is purification and injection of produced water into Spraberry reservoirs.

  10. ICT powered by Energy Research, Trends and Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frean, Marcus

    energy from wind, solar, vibration, etc. · Daytime ­ harvest & store enough energy for high user traffic energy like solar, wind, vibration, heat, and even radio waves ­Convert the energy into a form that canICT powered by Energy Harvesting Research, Trends and Challenges Winston Seah School of Engineering

  11. STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    temperature, wind speed, sea level #12;13 · Block maxima approach #12;14 #12;15 Estimated 100-yr (i. e., p = 0) -- Point process combines Poisson and GP into single model · Difficulties -- Choice of threshold;21 · Trends -- Example (Mercer Creek, WA) Effect of urbanization on stream flow in small water basin: Lack

  12. CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    0-5538-P2 CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS Robert Harrison Nathan. At present, four Texas deep-water ports rank in the top 10 U.S water ports by shipment weight) that the value of U.S international merchandise trade (exports and imports) by mode was water (43.5%), followed

  13. Precipitation controls Sahel greening trend Thomas Hickler,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardö, Jonas

    Precipitation controls Sahel greening trend Thomas Hickler,1 Lars Eklundh,1 Jonathan W. Seaquist,2 variability between 1982 and 1998. Changes in precipitation were identified as the primary driver. Smith, J. Ardo¨, L. Olsoon, M. T. Sykes, and M. Sjo¨stro¨m (2005), Precipitation controls Sahel greening

  14. Current emission trends for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds by month and state: Methodology and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohout, E.J.; Miller, D.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Rothman, D.S.; Saricks, C.L.; Stodolsky, F.; Hanson, D.A.

    1990-08-01

    This report presents estimates of monthly sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and nonmethane voltatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by sector, region, and state in the contiguous United States for the years 1975 through 1988. This work has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program`s Emissions and Controls Task Group by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The DOE project officer is Edward C. Trexler, DOE/FE Office of Planning and Environment.

  15. Current emission trends for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds by month and state: Methodology and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohout, E.J.; Miller, D.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Rothman, D.S.; Saricks, C.L.; Stodolsky, F.; Hanson, D.A.

    1990-08-01

    This report presents estimates of monthly sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and nonmethane voltatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by sector, region, and state in the contiguous United States for the years 1975 through 1988. This work has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program's Emissions and Controls Task Group by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The DOE project officer is Edward C. Trexler, DOE/FE Office of Planning and Environment.

  16. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2014 Data)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Shaughnessy, Eric; Heeter, Jenny; Liu, Chang; Nobler, Erin

    2015-10-16

    NREL's annual report on green power markets summarizes status and trends in the voluntary demand for renewable energy. U.S. green power markets have become more complex over time as state-level policies have enabled more avenues for green power purchases. In recent years, community solar, community choice aggregation (CCA), and voluntary power purchase agreements (PPAs) have significantly increased the number of U.S. voluntary green power customers. The community solar model has grown rapidly with 90 projects in 25 states by 2015. Renewable energy sales in CCAs declined slightly in 2014 in response to less favorable economic conditions in Illinois. At the same time, several California CCAs continued to grow, and many more communities are planning to pursue green power through aggregation. Voluntary green power purchasing through bi-lateral PPAs took off in 2014 due to several large-scale agreements signed by information and communication technology firms. Traditional green power options, such as utility green pricing programs and voluntary RECs markets, also grew in 2014. Current trends suggest strong continued growth in U.S. voluntary green power markets.

  17. Water Quality Trends in the Entiat River Subbasin: Final 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodsmith, Richard; Bookter, Andy

    2009-03-30

    The ISEMP program monitors the status and trend of water quality elements that may affect restoration project effectiveness in the Entiat subbasin. As part of this effort, the PNW Research Station (PNW) measures, analyzes and interprets temporal trends in natural stream water pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity and temperature. The Entiat River is currently on the Clean Water Act 303(d) list for pH exceedence, and there is insufficient information to determine the spatial and temporal extent or potential causes of this exceedence. In the spring 2008, PNW redeployed data-logging, multiparameter probes at four locations in the Entiat subbasin to measure water quality parameters, focusing on pH. This resumed previous data collection that was interrupted by river ice in early December 2007. Instruments were again removed from the river in early December 2008. This annual report covers the period from December 2007 through December 2008. The highest pH values occurred during the low-flow period from midsummer through the following midspring then dropped sharply during the annual snowmelt runoff period from late spring through early summer. Water temperature began rapidly increasing during the receding limb of the annual snowmelt hydrograph. Highest mean monthly temperatures occurred in July and August, while instantaneous maxima occurred during the period July-September. Dissolved oxygen reached its lowest levels during the period of highest water temperature in July-September. Specific conductivity remained very low at all sites throughout the year.

  18. Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Laser User Facilities Program Current Awards Current Awards National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Current Awards Under Construction...

  19. Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Program Current Awards Current Awards Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) Program Current Awards Under Construction...

  20. Report for Treating Hanford LAW and WTP SW Simulants: Pilot Plant Mineralizing Flowsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arlin Olson

    2012-02-28

    The US Department of Energy is responsible for managing the disposal of radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the Hanford site in Washington State. The Hanford waste treatment and immobilization plant (WPT) will separate the waste into a small volume of high level waste (HLW), containing most of the radioactive constituents, and a larger volume of low activity waste (LAW), containing most of the non-radioactive chemical and hazardous constituents. The HLW and LAW will be converted into immobilized waste forms for disposal. Currently there is inadequate LAW vitrification capacity planned at the WTP to complete the mission within the required timeframe. Therefore additional LAW capacity is required. One candidate supplemental treatment technology is the fluidized bed steam reformer process (FBSR). This report describes the demonstration testing of the FBSR process using a mineralizing flowsheet for treating simulated Hanford LAW and secondary waste from the WTP (WTP SW). The FBSR testing project produced leach-resistant solid products and environmentally compliant gaseous effluents. The solid products incorporated normally soluble ions into an alkali alumino-silicate (NaS) mineral matrix. Gaseous emissions were found to be within regulatory limits. Cesium and rhenium were captured in the mineralized products with system removal efficiencies of 99.999% and 99.998 respectively. The durability and leach performance of the FBSR granular solid were superior to the low activity reference material (LMR) glass standards. Normalized product consistency test (PCT) release rates for constituents of concern were approximately 2 orders of magnitude less than that of sodium in the Hanford glass [standard].

  1. Power-law Spatial Dispersion from Fractional Liouville Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasily E. Tarasov

    2013-07-18

    A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

  2. Informal Care and Private Law: Governance or a Failure Thereof?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan, Brian

    2015-01-01

    and Support Bill: Report (London: Stationery Offi ce, 2013) at para 41, online: United Kingdom Parliament . 8. Brian Sloan, Informal Carers and Private Law (Oxford: Hart... ) [Fineman, Th e Autonomy Myth]. See also e.g. Jonathan Herring, Caring and the Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2013) [Herring, Caring and the Law]. 11. See generally Commission on Funding of Care and Support, supra note 4. C.f. the duty contained in Care...

  3. Power-law spatial dispersion from fractional Liouville equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15

    A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

  4. Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, H.J.

    1998-03-10

    A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter are disclosed for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time. 9 figs.

  5. Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1998-01-01

    A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time.

  6. Commercial Feedings Stuffs 1913: Feed Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, B.

    1914-01-01

    EXPERIMENT STATION B u l l e t in Bul eti A p r i l , 1914 FEED CONTROL SERVICE Commercial Feeding Stuffs 1913 FEED LAW nAprA,,E.Hs .uLLJaJ pRTRSuWm KyTouP .uCWRhm rJgTPl 3AB KA0.0OMBBIFABHp .Alm ndEBrHdpm MfprEBm rH1Mp AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL... COLLEGE OF TEXAS . 9 T y L J P n C y h J T y m President Pro Tern. rH1Mp M4dE.fxrfdMx H1nHdEOHBr prMrEAB BOARD OF DIRECTORS Hl Kl . CP9SWam Presidentm GuCPRuWllll lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll r...

  7. Paradoxical Interpretations of Urban Scaling Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottineau, Clementine; Arcaute, Elsa; Batty, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Scaling laws are powerful summaries of the variations of urban attributes with city size. However, the validity of their universal meaning for cities is hampered by the observation that different scaling regimes can be encountered for the same territory, time and attribute, depending on the criteria used to delineate cities. The aim of this paper is to present new insights concerning this variation, coupled with a sensitivity analysis of urban scaling in France, for several socio-economic and infrastructural attributes from data collected exhaustively at the local level. The sensitivity analysis considers different aggregations of local units for which data are given by the Population Census. We produce a large variety of definitions of cities (approximatively 5000) by aggregating local Census units corresponding to the systematic combination of three definitional criteria: density, commuting flows and population cutoffs. We then measure the magnitude of scaling estimations and their sensitivity to city defin...

  8. Arms control and the rule of law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1995-03-01

    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.

  9. Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2010-11-17

    This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.

  10. Environmental Law in Ukraine: From the Roots to the Bud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sak, Pamela Bickford

    1993-01-01

    Belorussians. Roman Solchanyk, Ukraine and Russia: Before13-14. 3. David Marples, Ukraine's Economic Prospects, REP.S.R. Palmer, Privatization in Ukraine: Economics, Law and

  11. Lex Genetica: The Law and Ethics of Programming Biological Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burk, DL

    2015-01-01

    The law and ethics of programming biological code Dan L.biological artifacts. Such programming may include usagerelated to biological programming, the latter technology

  12. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-10-06

    Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here is. a mathematical statement of great simplicity which implies logically vast number. of phenomena of ...

  13. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    or RFI) on smart grid policy and logistical challenges, published by the Department of Energy (DOE) on September 16, 2010 AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen...

  14. Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexuality and Violence in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Pawan

    2014-01-01

    of California, San Diego Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexualityan entirely private subject. The underlying suggestion hereMoreover, once the subject of privacy is constituted through

  15. Preemptive Strike: Law in the Campaign for Clean Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott

    2015-01-01

    to the approaching transcontinental railroad, which locala law directing the transcontinental railroad to run throughDetermined to bring transcontinental service to Los Angeles,

  16. Longitudinal electric current in classical collisional Maxwellian plasma, inducted by transversal electromagnetic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latyshev, A V

    2015-01-01

    Kinetic Vlasov equation for collisional Maxwellian plasmas is used. Collision integral of BGK (Bhatnagar, Gross and Krook) type is applied. From Vlasov equation we find distribution function of electrons in square-law approximation on size of transversal electric field. The formula for electric current calculation is deduced. This formula contains an one-dimensional quadrature. It is shown, that nonlinearity leads to revealing of the longitudinal electric current directed along a wave vector. This longitudinal current is perpendicular to known so-called transversal classical current. The classical current turns out at the linear analysis. The longitudinal current in case of small values of wave numbers is calculated. When frequency of collisions tends to zero, all received formulas for collisional plasmas pass in the known corresponding results for collisionless plasmas. Graphic research of dimensionless density of a current is carried out.

  17. Inductance due to spin current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Wei

    2014-03-21

    The inductance of spintronic devices that transport charge neutral spin currents is discussed. It is known that in a media that contains charge neutral spins, a time-varying electric field induces a spin current. We show that since the spin current itself produces an electric field, this implies existence of inductance and electromotive force when the spin current changes with time. The relations between the electromotive force and the corresponding flux, which is a vector calculated by the cross product of electric field and the trajectory of the device, are clarified. The relativistic origin generally renders an extremely small inductance, which indicates the advantage of spin current in building low inductance devices. The same argument also explains the inductance due to electric dipole current and applies to physical dipoles consist of polarized bound charges.

  18. Ionization tube simmer current circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinkraus, R.F. Jr.

    1994-12-13

    A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current. 6 figures.

  19. Ionization tube simmer current circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinkraus, Jr., Robert F. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current.

  20. Conference on Comparative Law - Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottlieb, David J.; Levy, Richard E.; McAllister, Stephen R.; Peck, John C.; Yenisey, Feridun

    1997-05-01

    ESSAY Conference on Comparative Law-Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey David J Gottlieb· Richard E. Levy·· Stephen R. McAllister··· John C. Peck···· Feridun Yenisey"···· 1. INTRODUCTION From May... 27, 1996 to June I, 1996, the University of Kansas School of Law and Mannara University, with the support of the Dedeman Foundation, co-sponsored an international conference in Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey. The formal title of the Conference was "The...