Sample records for trends current laws

  1. Current trends in the Advanced Bioindustry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Afternoon Plenary Session: Current Trends in the Advanced Bioindustry State of Technology—Michael McAdams, President, Advanced Biofuels Association

  2. Current technologies and trends of aluminum design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Michael, 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A literature review of current aluminum technology in the building and construction industry was carried out. Aluminum is an ideal material for building in corrosive environments and for building structures where small ...

  3. Current Trends in Gamma Ray Detection for Radiological Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

    2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies.

  4. Current Trends in Gamma Radiation Detection for Radiological Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies. In recent years, since the establishment of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office by the Department of Homeland Security, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in detection materials (scintillators, semiconductors), imaging techniques (Compton imaging, use of active masking and hybrid imaging), data acquisition systems with digital signal processing, field programmable gate arrays and embedded isotopic analysis software (viz. gamma detector response and analysis software [GADRAS]1), fast template matching, and data fusion (merging radiological data with geo-referenced maps, digital imagery to provide better situational awareness). In this stride to progress, a significant amount of interdisciplinary research and development has taken place–techniques and spin-offs from medical science (such as x-ray radiography and tomography), materials engineering (systematic planned studies on scintillators to optimize several qualities of a good scintillator, nanoparticle applications, quantum dots, and photonic crystals, just to name a few). No trend analysis of radiation detection systems would be complete without mentioning the unprecedented strategic position taken by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime transportation–the so-called second line of defense.

  5. On the electrical current distributions for the generalized Ohm's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Pedro Ramirez Tachiquin

    2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper studies a particular class of analytic solutions for the Generalized Ohm's Law, approached by means of the so called formal powers of the Pseudoanalytic Function Theory. The reader will find a description of the electrical current distributions inside bounded domains, within inhomogeneous media, and their corresponding electric potentials near the boundary. Finally, it is described a technique for approaching separable-variables conductivity functions, a requisite when applying the constructive methods posed in this work.

  6. Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenny, W. F.

    Law, Exergy, Availability, etc. over the period from 1980 through 1987. These references led to a number of others in the published literature. In addition, the presentations of two specialized Second Law conferences in 1987 were examined... applications. Yith an increased percentage of European contributions, the term EXERGY is becoming more frequent. In the meantime, workers have a choice of terms which include lost work, availability, availability function, exergy, esergy, entropy...

  7. CLOUD MANUFACTURING: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE TRENDS INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and integrating inter-organizational and heterogeneous services in CM environments. · Business Model: For CM to be embraced by service consumers and providers, current business models incorporate the concepts manufacturing resources to form temporary, reconfigurable production lines which enhance efficiency, reduce

  8. Ten Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cordon, F. Herrera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Frank

    algorithms GAs are general purpose search algorithms which use principles inspired by natural geneticsTen Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cord´on, F. Herrera Dept algorithms are search algorithms, based on natural genetics, that provide robust search capabilities in com

  9. Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiello, Marco

    Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend Giuliano Andrea Pagani and Marco, The Netherlands {g.a.pagani,m.aiello}@rug.nl Abstract. The energy sector, which has traditionally been to produce, deal and transport energy, and energy consumers are now in the position to also produce and trade

  10. Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Report for Latin America and the Caribbean 2007 (CARICOM, 2007) that regional development agencies haveRenewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history in the Caribbean. c We conduct a cost benefit analysis of four Caribbean renewable energy projects. c Results show

  11. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of substantial growth, with the U.S. and China likely to vie for largest-market status for years to come. With the market evolving at such a rapid pace, keeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become increasingly difficult. At the same time, limits to future growth are uncertain. This paper summarizes major trends in the U.S. wind market, and explores the technical and economic feasibility of achieving much greater levels of wind penetration. China would be well served to conduct similar analyses of the feasibility, benefits, challenges, and policy needs associated with much higher levels of wind power generation than currently expressed in national targets.

  12. Please cite as: Boynton, W.R. 1998. Chesapeake Bay eutrophication Current status, historical trends, nutrient limitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Please cite as: Boynton, W.R. 1998. Chesapeake Bay eutrophication Current status, historical trends NUTRIENTS WORKSHOP CHESAPEAKE BAY EUTROPHICATION: CURRENT STATUS, HISTORICAL TRENDS, NUTRIENT LIMITATION summarizes a portion of the eutrophication history of Chesapeake Bay, a large coastal plain estuary

  13. Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?dimensional?impact?on?the?public?welfare,?local,?state,?and?federal?government?entities?play?a? significant?role?in?ensuring?the?industry?operates?efficiently?and?safely.?In?October?2006,?the?Government? Accountability?Office?(GAO)?released?a?report?on...? ? Current?Trends?and?Future?Challenges?in? the?Freight?Railroad?Industry Balancing?Private?Industry?Interests?and?the?Public?Welfare? ? ? ? Sarah?Allen? Kendra?Kelson? Hayden?Migl? Rodney?Schmidt? David?Shoemaker? Heather?Thomson? ? ? A?Report...

  14. c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee 3.4 CURRENT TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Deog Ki

    c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee 3.4 CURRENT TRENDS 3.4.1 COMPUTER INTEGRATED PROCESS MANAGEMENT 74 #12;c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee 3.4.2 MODEL control. 75 #12;c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee On-line Optimization Dependable on

  15. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, andWind Power Development in the United States: Current94720 Abstract: The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of

  16. 8th International Special Session on Current Trends in Numerical Simulation for Parallel Engineering Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trinitis, C; Bader, M; Schulz, M

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's world, the use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating practical problems in engineering and related disciplines. Significant progress in CPU architecture (multi- and many-core CPUs, SMT, transactional memory, virtualization support, shared caches etc.) system scalability, and interconnect technology, continues to provide new opportunities, as well as new challenges for both system architects and software developers. These trends are paralleled by progress in algorithms, simulation techniques, and software integration from multiple disciplines. In its 8th year, ParSim continues to build a bridge between application disciplines and computer science and to help fostering closer cooperations between these fields. Since its successful introduction in 2002, ParSim has established itself as an integral part of the EuroPVM/MPI conference series. In contrast to traditional conferences, emphasis is put on the presentation of up-to-date results with a short turn-around time. We believe that this offers a unique opportunity to present new aspects in this dynamic field and discuss them with a wide, interdisciplinary audience. The EuroPVM/MPI conference series, as one of the prime events in parallel computation, serves as an ideal surrounding for ParSim. This combination enables participants to present and discuss their work within the scope of both the session and the host conference. This year, five papers from authors in five countries were submitted to Par-Sim, and we selected three of them. They cover a range of different application fields including mechanical engineering, material science, and structural engineering simulations. We are confident that this resulted in an attractive special session and that this will be an informal setting for lively discussions as well as for fostering new collaborations. Several people contributed to this event. Thanks go to Jack Dongarra, the EuroPVM/MPI general chair, and to Jan Westerholm, Juha Fagerholm and Jussi Heikonen, the PC chairs, for their encouragement and support to continue the ParSim series at EuroPVM/MPI 2009. We would also like to thank the numerous reviewers, who provided us with their reviews in such a short amount of time (in most cases in just a few days) and thereby helped us to maintain the tight schedule. Last, but certainly not least, we would like to thank all those who took the time to submit papers and hence made this event possible in the first place. We are confident that this session will fulfill its purpose to provide new insights from both the engineering and the computer science side and encourages interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and cooperations, and that this will continue ParSim's tradition at EuroPVM/MPI.

  17. Climate Change Vulnerability and Resilience: Current Status and Trends for Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibarraran , Maria E.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Brenkert, Antoinette L.

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change alters different localities on the planet in different ways. The impact on each region depends mainly on the degree of vulnerability that natural ecosystems and human-made infrastructure have to changes in climate and extreme meteorological events, as well as on the coping and adaptation capacity towards new environmental conditions. This study assesses the current resilience of Mexico and Mexican states to such changes, as well as how this resilience will look in the future. In recent studies (Moss et al. 2000, Brenkert and Malone 2005, Malone and Brenket 2008, Ibarrarán et al. 2007), the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicators Model (VRIM) is used to integrate a set of proxy variables that determine the resilience of a region to climate change. Resilience, or the ability of a region to respond to climate variations and natural events that result from climate change, is given by its adaptation and coping capacity and its sensitivity. On the one hand, the sensitivity of a region to climate change is assessed, emphasizing its infrastructure, food security, water resources, and the health of the population and regional ecosystems. On the other hand, coping and adaptation capacity is based on the availability of human resources, economic capacity and environmental capacity.

  18. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  19. Breakdown of the power-law decay prediction of the heat current correlation in one-dimensional momentum conserving lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shunda Chen; Yong Zhang; Jiao Wang; Hong Zhao

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the asymmetric inter-particle interactions can induce rapid decay of the heat current correlation in one-dimensional momentum conserving lattices. When the asymmetry degree is appropriate, even exponential decay may arise. This fact suggests that the power-law decay predicted by the hydrodynamics may not be applied to the lattices with asymmetric inter-particle interactions, and as a result, the Green-Kubo formula may instead lead to a convergent heat conductivity in the thermodynamic limit. The mechanism of the rapid decay is traced back to the fact that the heat current has to drive a mass current additionally in the presence of the asymmetric inter-particle interactions.

  20. Current Trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanibbi, Richard

    in the industry, with a focus on local telephone companies and their customers. My thesis is that the big fish will eat the little fish, but enough fish will survive to provide more and better services at lower prices

  1. Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majós, Antonio Badía

    Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current-28871 Alcala´ de Henares, Spain Received 18 February 2004; accepted 11 March 2004 The induced electric field E x during magnetic flux entry in superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general

  2. Rigorous scaling law for the heat current in disordered harmonic chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Ajanki; F. Huveneers

    2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the energy current in a model of heat conduction, first considered in detail by Casher and Lebowitz. The model consists of a one-dimensional disordered harmonic chain of n i.i.d. random masses, connected to their nearest neighbors via identical springs, and coupled at the boundaries to Langevin heat baths, with respective temperatures T_1 and T_n. Let EJ_n be the steady-state energy current across the chain, averaged over the masses. We prove that EJ_n \\sim (T_1 - T_n)n^{-3/2} in the limit n \\to \\infty, as has been conjectured by various authors over the time. The proof relies on a new explicit representation for the elements of the product of associated transfer matrices.

  3. Current Short-Range Tests of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua C. Long; John C. Price

    2003-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated in large part by the possibility of observing signatures of compact extra dimensions, experimental searches for deviations from Newtonian gravity at short distances have improved in sensitivity by many orders of magnitude in the past five years. We review the essential features of the experiments responsible for the current limits on new effects in the range from a few microns to a few centimeters, and discuss prospects for the near future.

  4. Axial magnetic field and toroidally streaming fast ions in the dense plasma focus are natural consequences of conservation laws in the curved axisymmetric geometry of the current sheath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auluck, S K H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct measurement of axial magnetic field in the PF-1000 dense plasma focus (DPF), and its reported correlation with neutron emission, call for a fresh look at previous reports of existence of axial magnetic field component in the DPF from other laboratories, and associated data suggesting toroidal directionality of fast ions participating in fusion reactions, with a view to understand the underlying physics. In this context, recent work dealing with application of the hyperbolic conservation law formalism to the DPF is extended in this paper to a curvilinear coordinate system, which reflects the shape of the DPF current sheath. Locally-unidirectional shock propagation in this coordinate system enables construction of a system of 7 one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation law equations with geometric source terms, taking into account all the components of magnetic field and flow velocity. Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions for this system lead to expressions for the axial magnetic field and three components of ...

  5. Current trends in income statements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cass, Edwin Childers

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    determined, Actually& there seems to be little qzesC on as to the most desiz able method of designating tire remainder that represents the nst income~. 9ssignations stzch as "nst income "~ "nst profit"~ "net income for the pear", and "net profit...

  6. Axial magnetic field and toroidally streaming fast ions in the dense plasma focus are natural consequences of conservation laws in the curved axisymmetric geometry of the current sheath

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auluck, S. K. H. [Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct measurement of axial magnetic field in the PF-1000 dense plasma focus (DPF), and its reported correlation with neutron emission, call for a fresh look at previous reports of existence of axial magnetic field component in the DPF from other laboratories, and associated data suggesting toroidal directionality of fast ions participating in fusion reactions, with a view to understand the underlying physics. In this context, recent work dealing with application of the hyperbolic conservation law formalism to the DPF is extended in this paper to a curvilinear coordinate system, which reflects the shape of the DPF current sheath. Locally unidirectional shock propagation in this coordinate system enables construction of a system of 7 one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation law equations with geometric source terms, taking into account all the components of magnetic field and flow velocity. Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions for this system lead to expressions for the axial magnetic field and three components of fluid velocity having high ion kinetic energy.

  7. 47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    47 Natural Gas Market Trends Chapter 5 NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS INTRODUCTION Natural gas discusses current natural gas market conditions in California and the rest of North America, followed on the outlook for demand, supply, and price of natural gas for the forecasted 20-year horizon. It also addresses

  8. E-commerce law Course No.421122U002 Level: Master Department of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protection Law - Current State and Future Perspectives", High Level Conference (14 pages INTO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S PROPOSAL FOR A NEW EUROPEAN UNION DATA PROTECTION LAW. In: Journal of Internet Law?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/923304727?accountid=14468 3. Moerel, Lokke. (1-5-2011). Back to basics: when does EU data protection law

  9. Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotropia, Christopher

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conduct doctrine, but the patent system in general. Berkeleyof the currently pending patent reform legislation containsUTCLE 12th Annual Advanced Patent Law Institute, http://

  10. Appendix L Patent Laws CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luryi, Serge

    Appendix L Patent Laws __________________________________________________________________ CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS United States Code Title 35 - Patents Editor's Note (January 2007): The Patent Laws repro duced below supersede those reproduced in the last revision of the Manual of Patent Examining

  11. Is Administrative Law Inevitable?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Daniel; Weingast, Barry

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy: Nuclear Power Regulation, 1966- Present,” 43 Law &as strongly in nuclear power without these new laws, such as

  12. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

  13. Corporate Law's Current-Owner Bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fried, Jesse M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Owner Bias in Corporate Governance Jesse Fried * Boalt Hallmy conclusion that corporate governance arrangements choseninterventions in corporate governance through the securities

  14. Corporate Law's Current-Owner Bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fried, Jesse M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Owner Bias in Corporate Governance Jesse Fried * Boalt Hallmy conclusion that corporate governance arrangements choseninterventions in corporate governance through the securities

  15. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

    2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

  16. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431: Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

    2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the appendices to a companion report, prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

  17. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK INTERNATIONAL RÉSEAU INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT DE L´ENVIRONNEMENT INTERNATIONALES NETZWERK UMWELTRECHT EU Enforcement Policy of Community Environmental law as presented in the Commission Communication on implementing European Community Environmental law Marta Ballesteros The direct

  18. Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the phenomena largely responsible for the current mass extinction event, and patent law offers valuable assistance in combating each one. Though it cannot offer a complete solution to the biodiversity crisis, the patent system can offer powerful tools to help...

  19. Privatizing Public Interest Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graduation, she received a public interest law foundation grant to work in the consumer rights project

  20. Automorphism Induced Nonlocal Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clifford Chafin

    2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The conservation laws of electromagnetism, and implicitly all theories built from quadratic Lagrangians, are extended to a continuum of nonlocal versions. These are associated with symmetries of a class of equal time field correlation functions and give results for both connected and disconnected branches of the general linear group of the space. It is generally assumed that manifestly covariant Lagrangians are the necessary starting point for physical theories. Here we show that the EOM derived from any of these can also follow from a broad class of nonlocal ones and each generally gives a different nonlocal Noether current. When the equations are put into a linear form and evaluated on a flat spacetime, a simple ansatz exists to give a class of conservation laws corresponding to all affine transformations of the underlying space. A general procedure is given to generate a class of nonlocal conservation laws for solutions to a very large class of nonlinear PDEs.

  1. Symposium Issue "Law As . . ."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    As . . .": Theory and Method in Legal History Catherine L. Fisk and Robert W. Gordon 519 Law/Text/Past Steven Wilf as Claim to Justice: Legal History and Legal Speech Acts Marianne Constable 631 Conceptions of Law

  2. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Intellectual property law 4 2 · Explanation of IPR basics · Strategic considerations · Avoiding IPR problems

  3. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

  4. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 May 29, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This chap- ter rst is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which may

  5. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2TopoPortal Hydrogen and Fuel CellTrending:Trending:

  6. 94 University of Virginia School of Law law school foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    roger h. Kimmel, Law '71 George Washington University '68 chair alfonso l. carney, Jr., Law '74 Trinity allen c. goolsby iii, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J. horvitz, Law '75 University of Pennsylvania helen Mead snyder, Law '87 University of Virginia '83 chief operating officer David h. ibbeken, Law '71

  7. Conservation Laws and Non-Lie Symmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony C. L Ashton

    2008-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a method to construct conservation laws for a large class of linear partial differential equations. In contrast to the classical result of Noether, the conserved currents are generated by any symmetry of the operator, including those of the non-Lie type. An explicit example is made of the Dirac equation were we use our construction to find a class of conservation laws associated with a 64 dimensional Lie algebra of discrete symmetries that includes CPT.

  8. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  9. Gas Safety Law (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the establishment of rules and regulations covering the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety standards for installation, operation and maintenance...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - ampere average current Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    students' difficulties with Ampere's law Colin S. Wallace1, Summary: . In terms of Ampere's law, this course spent five lectures on current distributions, Ampere's...

  11. College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

  12. International, National, and Virginia Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .............................................................................................................1 Global Coal Production and Consumption Trends ...................................................2.S. Electricity Generation....................................................................................15 U.S. Coal Consumption

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality trends Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineering Current Research Projects Summary: , to quantify the effect of transboundary pollution on air quality. Ozone trends and interannual variability... Research's Community...

  14. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    over 80 years. Academics from the Law School have driven legal thought and debate in Western Australia in consumer law. In 2011, the Law School completed research into retail trading hours in Western Australia Stuart Kaye Dean, Faculty of Law Dean's message The University of Western Australia | 01 #12;02 | law

  15. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButlerTransportation From modelingTrending: Metal Oxo Bonds

  16. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButlerTransportation From modelingTrending: Metal Oxo

  17. Trends in furnace control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

  18. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2TopoPortal Hydrogen and Fuel CellTrending: Metal

  19. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2TopoPortal Hydrogen and Fuel CellTrending:

  20. Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk about their respective schools in a panel discussion format. Join us and learn how in Law School Admissions Panel epresentatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk

  1. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's solar easement laws are similar to those in many other states. The law does not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, the law allows parties to enter into solar easement...

  2. Electric Currents Electric Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Jaehoon

    ;Problem 3: At $0.095/kWh, what does it cost to leave a 25W porch light on day and night for a year = 219000 Watt- hour = 219kWh. So, total cost = 219 x$0.095 = $20.8 #12;Problem 4: A 100 W light bulb has of charge per unit time: = . Unit of current: Ampere (A). The purpose of a battery is to produce

  3. Explaining Soft Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew T.; Meyer, Timothy L.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    practices and are also soft law. The Nuclear Suppliers Grouplaw whose pedigree is unquestioned. Similarly, in the Nuclearlaw and nonlaw suggests. If states have a Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear

  4. Explaining Soft Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew; Meyer, Timothy L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    practices and are also soft law. The Nuclear Suppliers Grouplaw whose pedigree is unquestioned. Similarly, in the Nuclearlaw cannot exist as a coherent category must hold the view that what Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear

  5. Law and Corporate Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fligstein, Neil; Choo, Jennifer

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1997. A survey of corporate governance. J. Finan. 52(2):737-1999. Employees and Corporate Governance. Washington, DC:structural change in corporate governance. J. Law Soc. 27(

  6. Causal Newton Gravity Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yury M. Zinoviev

    2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The equations of the relativistic causal Newton gravity law for the planets of the solar system are studied in the approximation when the Sun rests at the coordinates origin and the planets do not iteract between each other.

  7. Potential Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Kunzinger; Roman O. Popovych

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove that potential conservation laws have characteristics depending only on local variables if and only if they are induced by local conservation laws. Therefore, characteristics of pure potential conservation laws have to essentially depend on potential variables. This statement provides a significant generalization of results of the recent paper by Bluman, Cheviakov and Ivanova [J. Math. Phys., 2006, V.47, 113505]. Moreover, we present extensions to gauged potential systems, Abelian and general coverings and general foliated systems of differential equations. An example illustrating possible applications of proved statements is considered. A special version of the Hadamard lemma for fiber bundles and the notions of weighted jet spaces are proposed as new tools for the investigation of potential conservation laws.

  8. TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabry, Frederic

    Gill 3644, rue Peel Montréal (Québec) H3A 1W9 www.mcgill.ca/law en couveRtuRe IF YOU'RE A REGULAR REAd

  9. Strip Mine Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the Land Reclamation Commission of the Department of Natural Resources to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to strip mining of coal and reclamation, review...

  10. Conservation laws for non global Lagrangians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Borowiec; M. Ferraris; M. Francaviglia; M. Palese

    2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Lagrangian framework for symmetries and conservation laws of field theories, we investigate globality properties of conserved currents associated with non-global Lagrangians admitting global Euler--Lagrange morphisms. Our approach is based on the recent geometric formulation of the calculus of variations on finite order jets of fibered manifolds in terms of variational sequences.

  11. Conditions Required by Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    No No Sto H 2 NoIs it required by law "Violence on children"?164.512 (c) (1) H CE may disclose to government to LEO HCE may not disclose to LEO H No Yes No Required by law: "reporting certain type of injuries"? H disclose to LEO H 164.512 (f) (1) (ii) (C)(2) It provides that the request is specific and limited in scope

  12. Hyperbolic Conservation Laws The 1D conservation law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Carl

    Hyperbolic Conservation Laws The 1D conservation law wt + f(w)x = 0 (where w and f have m of linearly independent eigenvectors). Then solutions to the conservation law can be viewed in terms to form a complete linearly independent set, and the conservation law is called strictly hyperbolic

  13. The Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    definitive summaries f th C Lof the Common Law · These Principles needed because Congress and stateThe Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality Cem Kaner, J.D., Ph.D. Florida Institute on Law and Ethics in Software Engineering." Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations

  14. 94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation Board of Trustees Roger H. Kimmel of Notre Dame '62 Stanford University '70 Allen C. Goolsby III, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J Officer David H. Ibbeken, Law '71 Princeton University '63 President Emeritus On June 30, 2010 #12;

  15. Past, Current and Future Trends in Tobacco Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guindon, G. Emmanuel; Boisclair, David

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden SwitzerlandSpain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden SwitzerlandSpain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland

  16. Current trends in Latin America and the Argentine perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laredo, V.G. [SOCMA Americana, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors discusses the changes that are taking place in Argentina as well as in all of Latin America today -- privatization, deregulation, and the modernization of the economy, changes which will serve to strengthen the governments and provide a better quality of life for all of them. He gives an insight into the factors which helped bring about these changes, the support they are receiving, the problems which persist, and the measures that still must be taken so that these positive changes remain in place. He offers some useful information that will perhaps contribute to their understanding of the vast area which he refers to as Latin America, and more specifically, gives a thumbnail sketch of what is happening today in the Republic of Argentina. For many years now, Latin American leaders have travelled to other parts of the world and spoken about the plans and expectations for the region`s future. When these well-intentioned projects and plans never materialized, partners and supporters in the United States and other countries were frustrated and disappointed by the failure to make things work. The author`s intention here today is to describe things as they are, not as they might be, to tell about what is already happening in the sphere of business and growth of the economies in Latin America.

  17. Current Trends in Cultural Customization and the Ecommerce Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Amanda

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    is comprised of common beliefs and tendencies toward globally shared consumption-related symbols such as brands and product categories (Zhou, Teng et al. 2008). The global image of a brand can often lead consumers to choose a global brand over a local one... advantage of this by altering their brand portfolios in favor of a more global image. Because every chance to personally interact with a brand can influence a consumer’s decision to buy, the specific online branding is extremely important to a company...

  18. Private Information Retrieval An overview and current trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    a server was not considered feasible until the private infor- mation retrieval (PIR) problem was stated recently. A PIR protocol allows a user to retrieve a record from a database while hiding the identity of the record from a database server. We explain a motivation for PIR by demonstrating e- commerce examples

  19. Amphibian and Reptile Trade in Texas: Current Status and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestridge, Heather L.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    pressures on wild caught specimens. Minor changes in reporting requirements and permitting systems at the state and federal level would improve the management of exotic and native amphibians and reptiles that persist in the trade. Changes that include...

  20. Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLEReport 2009Site | DepartmentOffice of Policy, OAPM |

  1. EUBIONET II Current situation and future trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .................................................................27 5.4 Imported vegetal oil ..................................................................................29 5.6.2 Vegetal oil....................................................................................33 6.1.4 Gas engine

  2. Current Titles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Various

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inorganic and dye-sensitized cells (DSCs)-are promisingversion of the dye-sensitized cell in which the traditionalfashion. Nanowire Dye-sensitized Solar Cells M. Law, L. E.

  3. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Berkeley Law students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    .1 Ocean Law and Policy Seminar (3 units) LAW 270.5 Ocean Law in the Nuclear Age (1 unit) LAW 2701 BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 2010-2011 Berkeley Law students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in Environmental Law. The Certificate gives students

  4. Natural gas 1995: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends addresses current issues affecting the natural gas industry and markets. Highlights of recent trends include: Natural gas wellhead prices generally declined throughout 1994 and for 1995 averages 22% below the year-earlier level; Seasonal patterns of natural gas production and wellhead prices have been significantly reduced during the past three year; Natural gas production rose 15% from 1985 through 1994, reaching 18.8 trillion cubic feet; Increasing amounts of natural gas have been imported; Since 1985, lower costs of producing and transporting natural gas have benefitted consumers; Consumers may see additional benefits as States examine regulatory changes aimed at increasing efficiency; and, The electric industry is being restructured in a fashion similar to the recent restructuring of the natural gas industry.

  5. The Copernican Model and Kepler's Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Don

    and Kepler's Laws Galileo on Motion Newton's Principia Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Some Old

  6. PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW This interdisciplinary major combines, in a systematic and structured way, basic education in philosophy, political by the rigor of philosophy and its attention to foundational issues who are also interested in politics and law

  7. International Trends in Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    International Trends in Green Building Friday, August 26, 2011 Registration 8:00 a.m. Presentation, Canada Green Building Council The presentation will cover international trends and innovations in the green-building industry as well as new opportunities for green-building collaboration with Arizona

  8. Petrick Technology Trends Of Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;323 Petrick Technology Trends chapter 9 The Future Of Manufacturing Irene Petrick Technology Trends This chapter is a story about the future of manufacturing based on three predictions: · that firms sophisticated modeling and simulation of both new products and production processes; · that additive

  9. Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

  10. Robust model comparison disfavors power law cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Daniel L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late-time power law expansion has been proposed as an alternative to the standard cosmological model and shown to be consistent with some low-redshift data. We test power law expansion against the standard flat $\\Lambda$CDM cosmology using goodness-of-fit and model comparison criteria. We consider Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) data from two current compilations (Union2.1 and JLA) along with a current set of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements that includes the high-redshift Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest measurements from BOSS quasars. We find that neither power law expansion nor $\\Lambda$CDM is strongly preferred over the other when the SN Ia and BAO data are analyzed separately but that power law expansion is strongly disfavored by the combination. We treat the $R_\\text{h} = ct$ cosmology (a constant rate of expansion) separately and find that it is conclusively disfavored by all combinations of data that include SN Ia observations and a poor overall fit when systematic errors in the SN Ia measurements are ig...

  11. FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies SEMINAR ON FINANCIAL REGULATORY REFORM Obama recently signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the 1930s. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is intended

  12. Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon ASHRAE Level I Energy Audit June 2011 Prepared for University................................................................................................................................. 6 Energy Audit Procedure and Results.................................................................................................................................................. 22 #12;| ASHRAE Level One Energy Audit3 SUMMARY The William W. Knight Law Center is a four story

  13. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that imposed unreasonable limitations on the...

  14. Energy Perspectives: Trends and Milestones

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Perspectives is a graphical overview of energy history in the United States. The 43 graphs shown here reveal sweeping trends related to the nation's production, consumption, and trade of energy from 1949 through 2011.

  15. School of Law Reykjavk University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. Stage and Intermediate Meeting FBE. FEDERATION BARREAUX

  16. FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL: A PRELIMINARY GUIDE LSAC.org #12;INTRODUCTION Legal education education is the financial aid office (or the website) of any LSAC-member law school. LSAC.org provides links to many law schools as well as several good sources of financial aid information. The cost

  17. Conservation Laws Past and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keyfitz, Barbara Lee

    Conservation Laws Past and Future Barbara Lee Keyfitz Fields Institute and University of Houston;Outline Systems of quasilinear hyperbolic PDE (conservation laws) Where they come from; why-reversible Analysis of conservation laws Results on Riemann problems (geometric) BV spaces and well-posedness in one

  18. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment ofOil's Impact on2005-74 | Department of Energyof Foreign

  19. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings TrendDetail Commercial Floorspace TrendDetail Background: Adjustment to...

  20. Kansas Employment Law Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeder, Elinor P.; Keller, Pamela V.

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . !d. 110. Id. III. Inscho v. Exide Corp., 29 Kan. App. 2d 892,896,33 P.3d 249, 252 (Kan. Ct. App. 2001). 112. Id. 2007] KANSAS EMPLOYMENT LAW SURVEY 901 In Stover v. Superior Industries International, Inc. 113 the Kansas Court of Appeals upheld a jury... that employment is at will continue to weigh heavy in the courts' analyses. In Inscho v. Exide Corp., the Kansas Court of Appeals rejected a former employee's implied contract claim when an employee handbook disclaimed an employment contract, and the employee...

  1. Terry Law | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2 and NbSe2 . Tensile StrainTerry Law d3j721 Primary

  2. Integrable viscous conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Arsie; Paolo Lorenzoni; Antonio Moro

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an extension of the Dubrovin-Zhang perturbative approach to the study of normal forms for non-Hamiltonian integrable scalar conservation laws. The explicit computation of the first few corrections leads to the conjecture that such normal forms are parameterized by one single functional parameter, named viscous central invariant. A constant valued viscous central invariant corresponds to the well-known Burgers hierarchy. The case of a linear viscous central invariant provides a viscous analog of the Camassa-Holm equation, that formerly appeared as a reduction of a two-component Hamiltonian integrable systems. We write explicitly the negative and positive hierarchy associated with this equation and prove the integrability showing that they can be mapped respectively into the heat hierarchy and its negative counterpart, named the Klein-Gordon hierarchy. A local well-posedness theorem for periodic initial data is also proven. We show how transport equations can be used to effectively construct asymptotic solutions via an extension of the quasi-Miura map that preserves the initial datum. The method is alternative to the method of the string equation for Hamiltonian conservation laws and naturally extends to the viscous case. Using these tools we derive the viscous analog of the Painlev\\'e I2 equation that describes the universal behaviour of the solution at the critical point of gradient catastrophe.

  3. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  4. California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls): 49696 for Environmental Law & Policy and a Lecturer in Residence at Boalt Hall School of Law. He received his law degree of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include a distinguished group

  5. Investor Sentiment and Antitrust Law as Determinants of Corporate Ownership Structure: The great Merger Wave of 1897 to 1903

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheffins, Brian R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and EconomicCurrent Trends in Corporate Governance: Going From London toon international corporate governance. This paper retrieves

  6. Investor Sentiment and Antitrust Law as Determinants of Corporate Ownership Structure: The Great Merger Wave of 1897 to 1903

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheffins, Brian

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and EconomicCurrent Trends in Corporate Governance: Going From London toon international corporate governance. This paper retrieves

  7. Current Rusume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Interest Rough paths theory, Stochastic differential equations, ... I am currently working on a problem about stochastic analysis on Riemannian folia-.

  8. Foundations and Trends R Econometrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Foundations and Trends R in Econometrics Vol. 2, Nos. 1­2 (2006) 1­145 c 2008 A. Golan DOI: 10.1561/0800000004 Information and Entropy Econometrics -- A Review and Synthesis Amos Golan Department of Economics, American are to study the basics of information-theoretic methods in econometrics, to exam- ine the connecting theme

  9. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Indiana state law includes both covenant restrictions and solar easement provisions. The state's covenant restrictions prevent planning and zoning authorities from prohibiting or unreasonably...

  10. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar access provisions in the General Laws of Massachusetts allow for the creation of voluntary solar easements to protect solar exposure and authorizes zoning rules that prohibit unreasonable...

  11. A Note on Han Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wallace

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - sages and discusses them at length in his book, Remnants of Han Law, Vol. I. 3 One of these statutes is entitled chu mai cheng ???. 4 What this particular phrase means has puzzled scholars over the centuries. In modern times Shen Jiaben? ?? (A... as a discussion of the text. 2 His biography mentions a Treatise on Law (Fa lun ??), a General Treatise on:Law (Lü lüe lun ???) and other works.. 3 A.F.P Hulsewé, Remnants of Han Law: Vol. 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955, p. 33ff. A complete...

  12. Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

  13. Demand Response in the U.S.- Key trends and federal facility participation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meeting—provides demand response (DR) definition, current status of DR in the United States, key DR trends, and federal participation issues.

  14. Trend dynamics : a method to improve the analysis, dissemination and forecasting of trends on the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strazza, Ernesto (Strazza Silva)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides a new perspective in trend analysis with the acknowledgement of individuals as carriers of trends and susceptible to influence simultaneously by a trend's perceived significance and by external effects ...

  15. 40th Indian Law Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.

  16. Relativistic dynamics without conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

    2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that relativistic dynamics can be approached without using conservation laws (conservation of momentum, of energy and of the centre of mass). Our approach avoids collisions that are not easy to teach without mnemonic aids. The derivations are based on the principle of relativity and on its direct consequence, the addition law of relativistic velocities.

  17. School of Law Web Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website is an important communications mechanism. The University of South Carolina School of Law website includes the main School of Law website, separate School of Law centers and program sites and student journal sites

  18. Current Titles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Various

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  19. Missouri Air Conservation Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law's purpose is to maintain the purity of the air resources of the state to protect the health, general welfare and physical property of the people, maximum employment and the full industrial...

  20. Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However...

  1. Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly...

  2. Solar and Wind Permitting Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned...

  3. Surface Coal Mining Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law aims to provide for the regulation of coal mining in order to minimize or prevent its adverse effects, protect the environment to the extent possible, protect landowner rights, and...

  4. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  5. Moment Analysis and Zipf Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. G. Ma

    2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The moment analysis method and nuclear Zipf's law of fragment size distributions are reviewed to study nuclear disassembly. In this report, we present a compilation of both theoretical and experimental studies on moment analysis and Zipf law performed so far. The relationship of both methods to a possible critical behavior or phase transition of nuclear disassembly is discussed. In addition, scaled factorial moments and intermittency are reviewed.

  6. Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality is responsible for administering the Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law and the regulations created under that law.

  7. Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

  8. Michigan Basin. Secondary recovery in reef trends yields more production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secondary recovery practices in reef trends in Michigan are described. Waterflooding in the Chester 18 Unit began in 1978; it currently has 6 injection wells and 11 production wells. The production wells use a submersible pumping unit, and current production levels are estimated at 3800 bopd. The present level of injection is ca. 17,000 bpd of water. The company operating the field has concluded that more barrels can be produced from a reef if a waterflood is started early. There are 55 to 60 such reefs with potential for supplemental recovery.

  9. Current Contracts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearchCASLNanoporousTestimonyContact Us -SeparationsRelevantCurrent

  10. Kepler's Laws The equation of motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knörrer, Horst

    of a gravitational field created by point mass that is fixed at the origin. FIGURE Newton's laws give the basic. By Newton's law on gravition, the force exerted by the fixed mass on the movable mass is in the direction and Kepler's laws imply the universal law on gravitation. See ??? 2 #12;the the semimajor axis of the ellipse

  11. The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION MISSION STATEMENT The Mission Statement for Law community. Law Women strives to: · Raise awareness of issues related to women's participation community that address issues of concern to women. MEMBERSHIP, OFFICERS, & COMMITTEES 1. Law Women

  12. Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

  13. Trends in hydrogen plant design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johansen, T.; Raghuraman, K.S.; Hackett, L.A. (KTI, Zoetermeer (NL))

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding important design considerations for H{sub 2} production via steam reforming require detailed attention to the many elements that make up the process. This paper discusses design trends focus on improvements to the plant's three principal unit operations: Generation of H{sub 2}/CO syngas, Conversion of CO in the syngas and Separation/purification of H{sub 2} from syngas. Natural gas, LPG, oil, coal and coke are all potential raw materials for H{sub 2} production. For the first step in the process, generation of H{sub 2} syngas, the processes available are: Reforming the steam; Autothermal reforming with oxygen and steam; and Partial oxidation with oxygen (POX). Most syngas is presently produced by steam reforming of natural gas or light hydrocarbons up to naphtha.

  14. Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

  15. Isotopic Trends in Production of Superheavies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antonenko, N.V. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, D-35392 Giessen (Germany); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Adamian, G.G.; Zubov, A.S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Scheid, W. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)

    2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The isotopic trends are discussed for cold and hot fusion reactions leading to superheavies. The possibilities of production of new isotopes in incomplete fusion reactions are treated.

  16. Law 275 sec. 1 The Environmental Law Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    -oriented government intervention. With a relatively small budget and no authority to impose household solid waste Center for Law & Technology Abstract: "An Economic Assessment of Market-Based Approaches to Regulating the Municipal Solid Waste Stream" In the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was widely reported that the United

  17. BERKELEY LAW LL.M. CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Berkeley Law LL.M. students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ) LAW 270.5 Ocean Law in the Nuclear Age (1 unit) LAW 270.6 Energy Regulation and the Environment (31 BERKELEY LAW LL.M. CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 2010-2011 Berkeley Law LL.M. students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in Environmental Law. The specialized curricular

  18. Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manz, P. [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Müller, S. H. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States)] [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States); Fuchert, G. [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Stroth, U. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.

  19. Electromagnetic waves with nonlinear dispersion law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel Mednis

    2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Last year physicists in Europe have measured the velocity of the neutrinos particles. They found the neutrinos moving faster than the speed of light in vacuum. This result means that Einstein's relativity principle and its consequences in modern physics need a global additional renovation. In present paper the part of this problem is considered in terms of basic Maxwell's method only. By means of introduction a diffusion like displacement current the new super wave equation was derived, which permits of its solution be described the electromagnetic waves moving some faster than the conventional speed of light in vacuum especially in a gamma ray of a very short wave length region. The unique properties of these waves are that they undergo nonlinear dispersion law, uppermost limit of which is restricted. Discussion of further experimental problems and a number of estimations are given for the macro physic super wave equations also.

  20. BA Philosophy, Politics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    BA Philosophy, Politics and Law (PPL) Module Information 2013-2014 Arts and Humanities College of www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Department of Politcial and Cultural Studies #12;PPL at Swansea Swansea offers one of only two PPL degrees in the UK. Building on the successfully launch of our PPE

  1. COLLEGE OF LAW UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    and staff from over forty countries, including countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and North and South America. You will make enduring friendships here and build lasting memories of your time with us university research centres in the areas of Environmental and Energy Law and Policy, Criminal Justice

  2. CCPPolicyBriefing Competition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    actions (paragraphs 26 to 27). The Green Paper lays out a range of "options" for how private enforcement · A plaintiff initiates a private action based on an alleged breach of competition law. It must provide all for the Revelation of Private Information The ESRC Centre for Competition Policy (CCP), at the University of East

  3. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    for the ageing population in Western Australia. In addition, the Crime Research Centre continues to host. Professor Erika J Techera Dean, Faculty of Law © JOAN COSTA 2013 The University of Western Australia | 01 Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural

  4. Wind Access and Permitting Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2009, the Delaware legislature enacted a law ([http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS145.NSF/bfa9b1a8c49c444f852568c0005... HS 1 for H.B. 70]) prohibiting unreasonable public and private...

  5. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    protection law, nationality Course Level: First year Credit hours:Lecture Time: 3 Credit Hours Academic Staff to write and prepare articles, reports and research papers in addition to training them for legal writing, in terms of its sources and historical development. · Communication skills (personal and academic

  6. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contracts that have economic aspects such as information and technology transfer contracts; also, a brief/2008 Course Syllabus Course code: 410331 Course Title: International Trade Law Course prerequisite (s) and-tarawneh@philadelphia.edu.jo313 Assistant professor Dr. Bassam Tarawneh Course module description: Module name: International

  7. The Radiometric Bode's Law and Extrasolar Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Lazio; W. M. Farrell; Jill Dietrick; Elizabeth Greenlees; Emily Hogan; Christopher Jones; L. A. Hennig

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We predict the radio flux densities of the extrasolar planets in the current census, making use of an empirical relation--the radiometric Bode's Law--determined from the five ``magnetic'' planets in the solar system (Earth and the four gas giants). Radio emission from these planets results from solar-wind powered electron currents depositing energy in the magnetic polar regions. We find that most of the known extrasolar planets should emit in the frequency range 10--1000 MHz and, under favorable circumstances, have typical flux densities as large as 1 mJy. We also describe an initial, systematic effort to search for radio emission in low radio frequency images acquired with the Very Large Array. The limits set by the VLA images (~ 300 mJy) are consistent with, but do not provide strong constraints on, the predictions of the model. Future radio telescopes, such as the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) and the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), should be able to detect the known extrasolar planets or place austere limits on their radio emission. Planets with masses much lower than those in the current census will probably radiate below 10 MHz and will require a space-based array.

  8. Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

    2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

  9. Arnold Schwarzenegger TRENDS IN SNOWFALL VERSUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California's electricity and natural gas ratepayers. The PIER Program strives to conduct the most promising Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor TRENDS IN SNOWFALL VERSUS RAINFALL FOR THE WESTERN UNITED this report as follows: Knowles, N., M. Dettinger, and D. Cayan. 2007. Trends in Snowfall Versus Rainfall

  10. RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    Budget Resources for Federal Lab R&D Spending, Ranked by Budget Level Table 2.2 Distribution of Active#12;RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: FY 1999­2000 BIENNIAL REPORT Report Administration U.S. Department of Commerce May 2002 #12;RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: FY

  11. Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability L. H. Tsoukalas Purdue University Nuclear;National Research Council of Greece, May 8, 2008 Outline · The Problem · Nuclear Energy Trends · Energy Economics · Life Cycle Analysis · Nuclear Sustainability · Nuclear Energy in Greece? #12;National Research

  12. Scaling laws for convection and jet speeds in the giant planets Adam P. Showman a,b,,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling laws for convection and jet speeds in the giant planets Adam P. Showman a,b,,1 , Yohai in these models, but no previous theories have been advanced to explain these trends. Here, we show using simple arguments that if convective release of potential energy pumps the jets and viscosity damps them, the mean

  13. The Academic Law Library in the 21st Century: Still the Heart of the Law School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    School should not open at all. Needless to say, construction of the UC Irvine Law Library went forward, Irvine School of Law (UC Irvine Law), I was asked my opinion of a proposal to delay construction

  14. Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    Page 1 Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Spring, 2009 16 Geo. J. Poverty Law & Pol'y 273 SPEECH: The Redefined Hero: Discovering

  15. Entropy current for non-relativistic fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabamita Banerjee; Suvankar Dutta; Akash Jain; Dibakar Roychowdhury

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study transport properties of a parity-odd, non-relativistic charged fluid in presence of background electric and magnetic fields. To obtain stress tensor and charged current for the non-relativistic system we start with the most generic relativistic fluid, living in one higher dimension and reduce the constituent equations along the light-cone direction. We also reduce the equation satisfied by the entropy current of the relativistic theory and obtain a consistent entropy current for the non-relativistic system (we call it "canonical form" of the entropy current). Demanding that the non-relativistic fluid satisfies the second law of thermodynamics we impose constraints on various first order transport coefficients. For parity even fluid, this is straight forward; it tells us positive definiteness of different transport coefficients like viscosity, thermal conductivity, electric conductivity etc. However for parity-odd fluid, canonical form of the entropy current fails to confirm the second law of thermodynamics. Therefore, we need to add two parity-odd vectors to the entropy current with arbitrary coefficients. Upon demanding the validity of second law, we see that one can fix these two coefficients exactly.

  16. Trends in HFE Methods and Tools and Their Applicability to Safety Reviews

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hara, J.M.; Plott, C.; Milanski, J.; Ronan, A.; Scheff, S.; Laux, L.; and Bzostek, J.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) conducts human factors engineering (HFE) safety reviews of applicant submittals for new plants and for changes to existing plants. The reviews include the evaluation of the methods and tools (M&T) used by applicants as part of their HFE program. The technology used to perform HFE activities has been rapidly evolving, resulting in a whole new generation of HFE M&Ts. The objectives of this research were to identify the current trends in HFE methods and tools, determine their applicability to NRC safety reviews, and identify topics for which the NRC may need additional guidance to support the NRC's safety reviews. We conducted a survey that identified over 100 new HFE M&Ts. The M&Ts were assessed to identify general trends. Seven trends were identified: Computer Applications for Performing Traditional Analyses, Computer-Aided Design, Integration of HFE Methods and Tools, Rapid Development Engineering, Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. We assessed each trend to determine its applicability to the NRC's review by considering (1) whether the nuclear industry is making use of M&Ts for each trend, and (2) whether M&Ts reflecting the trend can be reviewed using the current design review guidance. We concluded that M&T trends that are applicable to the commercial nuclear industry and are expected to impact safety reviews may be considered for review guidance development. Three trends fell into this category: Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. The other trends do not need to be addressed at this time.

  17. REFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

    2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the work performed during the first semi-annual third year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on analyzing production and injection data to optimize the reservoir management strategies for Germania Spraberry Unit. This study address the reservoir characterization and monitoring of the waterflooding project and propose alternatives of development of the current and future conditions of the reservoir to improve field performance. This research should serve as a guide for future work in reservoir simulation and can be used to evaluate various scenarios for additional development as well as to optimize the operating practices in the field. The results indicate that under the current conditions, a total of 1.410 million barrels of oil can be produced in the next 20 years through the 64 active wells and suggest that the unit can be successfully flooded with the current injection rate of 1600 BWPD and the pattern consisting of 6 injection wells aligned about 36 degrees respect to the major fracture orientation. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period.

  18. law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions Bulletin Blake Edwards Damon J. Keith Legacy Scholar Class of 2015 State University Board of Governors Wayne Law Board of Visitors Debbie Dingell, chair Gary S. Pollard

  19. An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...

  20. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    checkpoints · Motorcycle helmet mandate · Graduated driver's licenses · Automated speed Belt Law 71% 73% 73% Sobriety Checkpoints 83% 82% 82% Motorcycle Helmet Belt Law 77% 77% 70% Sobriety Checkpoints 91% 91% 90% Motorcycle Helmet

  1. Coal rank trends in eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Trinkle, E.J.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examination of coal rank (by vitrinite maximum reflectance) for eastern Kentucky coals has revealed several regional trends. Coal rank varies from high volatile C (0.5% R/sub max/) to medium volatile bituminous (1.1% R/sub max/), and generally increases to the southeast. One east-west-trending rank high and at least four north-south-trending rank highs interrupt the regional increase. The east-west-trending rank high is associated with the Kentucky River faults in northeastern Kentucky. It is the only rank high clearly associated with a fault zone. The four north-south-trending rank highs are parallel with portions of major tectonic features such as the Eastern Kentucky syncline. Overall, though, the association of north-south-trending rank highs with tectonic expression is not as marked as that with the anomaly associated with the Kentucky River faults. It is possible that the rank trends are related to basement features with subdued surface expression. Rank generally increases with depth, and regional trends observed in one coal are also seen in overlying and underlying coals. The cause of the regional southeastward increase in rank is likely to be the combined influence of greater depth of burial and proximity to late Paleozoic orogenic activity. The anomalous trends could be due to increased depth of burial, but are more likely to have resulted from tectonic activity along faults and basement discontinuities. The thermal disturbances necessary to increase the coal rank need not have been great, perhaps on the order of 10-20/sup 0/C (18-36/sup 0/F) above the metamorphic temperatures of the lower rank coals.

  2. Conservation laws for a general Lorentz connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikodem J. Poplawski

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive conservation laws for energy-momentum (canonical and dynamical) and angular momentum for a general Lorentz connection.

  3. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

  4. Today's Material Gauss' Law and Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashlock, Dan

    by the contents of the box, the box must contain zero net electric charge. Slide 27-31 #12;Gauss' Law and Flux: · The Concept of Flux · Calculating Electric Flux · Symmetry · Gauss's Law · Using Gauss's Law · Conductors that the box must contain net positive electric charge. Slide 27-29 #12;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc

  5. SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD HigHligHts At the William S. Boyd School of Law, we are educating ethical and effective lawyers and leaders. We are a young law school ­ less than 15 years old. And we had the privilege of building this school from the ground up: imagining the ideal legal education, modeling best

  6. The School of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Karin

    The School of Business, Economics and Law 2009ANNUAL MAGAZINE EFMD #12;Graphic design & production of Gothenburg, Jeffrey Johns/School of Business, Economics and Law, Maria Norrström/School of Business at the School of Business, Economics and Law in Gothenburg Photo by: Niklas Bernstone The School

  7. ANU COLLEGE OF LAW Dr James Prest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Climate Law and Policy Canberra ACT 0200 Australia Telephone: +61 2 6125 1689 Facsimile: +61 2 6125 4899.sen@aph.gov.au 29 August 2008 Re: Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment (Feed-In Tariff) Bill 2008 the operation of laws to encourage deployment of renewable energy, conducted at the ANU Centre for Climate Law

  8. Molecular Cell Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molecular Cell Previews Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law James E. Ferrell, Jr.1,* 1Department that Weber's law of sensory perception may apply to a number of cell signaling processes. Most of us can shouting in our ear. This is the essence of Weber's law, put forward by the German physiologist Ernst Weber

  9. Conservation Law Models for Traffic Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bressan, Alberto

    Conservation Law Models for Traffic Flow Alberto Bressan Mathematics Department, Penn State University http://www.math.psu.edu/bressan/ Alberto Bressan (Penn State) Scalar Conservation Laws 1 / 117 #12;Review of hyperbolic conservation laws Models of traffic flow, on a single road and on a network of roads

  10. Conservation Laws and Lumped System Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaft, Arjan van der

    Conservation Laws and Lumped System Dynamics A.J. van der Schaft, B.M. Maschke 1 Introduction which is directly based on conservation laws. Modeling based on conservation laws is prevalent for electrical circuits is the circuit graph we will show in this paper how distributed-parameter conservation

  11. Kozminski University Warsaw School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

    , Conference Co-Chair Professor Christopher Forsyth, Centre for Public Law, University of Cambridge Osnabrück in Domestic Courts Chair: Professor Christopher Forsyth, Centre for Public Law, University of Cambridge Professor Keith Uff, Faculty of Law, University of Birmingham: The recognition of foreign arbitral awards

  12. Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ]. Instances of Monad should satisfy the following laws: return a>>=k k a m >>=return m m >>=(x k x>>=h) (m>>=k)>>=hTesting Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Patrik Jansson Cl´audio Amaral Technical Report UU-CS-2012.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Utrecht University and Open

  13. A Guide to Careers in Administrative Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    ? In his work with the Southern Environmental Law Center, Blan Holman advocates preserving, have in common? All of them use the tools of administrative law to effect positive change in policies from food labels to public benefits to nuclear waste disposal. Administrative law refers generally

  14. Organic Trends Where are we headed??

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2011 · (2) Nestle s acquisitions of Cadbury (and Green & Black s) in January, 2010, and Sweet Leaf Tea Processor Trends · Changes since June 2009 include: · (1) Coca-Cola fully acquiring Honest Tea in March

  15. Emerging trends in the satellite industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

  16. Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications for prevention strategies interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess uncertainty in economic, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts. This reprint is one of a series intended

  17. Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic

  18. Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying

  19. TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries,...

  20. Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Overview of building...

  1. aureus bacteremia trends: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    certain domains conceptional and multi relational trends. We exploit the spectrum to cluster the difference graph Hammerton, James 90 7, 61896228, 2007 Trends and variability...

  2. Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

  3. Trends in Contractor Conversion Rates | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Contractor Conversion Rates Trends in Contractor Conversion Rates Better Buildings Residential Network Workforce Business Partners Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Contractor...

  4. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  5. Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommitteeRenewable1234 OFTechnetium Retention During LAW

  6. air law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from any symmetry group. Jeeva S. Anandan 1998-08-24 46 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  7. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANÃ?OISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

  8. Wetlands Status and Trends for Coastal Wetlands P. Chow-Fraser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMaster University

    Wetlands Status and Trends ­ for Coastal Wetlands P. Chow-Fraser Background Coastal wetlands as wetlands that occur within 2 km of the 1:100 year floodline of the Great Lake/channel shoreline, and include all four wetland types identified in the Ontario Wetland Evaluation System. An estimate of current

  9. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International Energy Commercial Law Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme code a dissertation in any one of those 4 chosen areas. 2) Add a specialisation to the LLM in International Commercial

  10. Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesPresident, Emerging Markets Online http://www.emerginghttp://www.emerging--markets.commarkets.com Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market SurveyAuthor, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market Survey Columnist

  11. Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law of the University of Alicante, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law activity in the faculties of Law, Economic and Business Sciences and Arts. Studies of 1st and 2onCycle (to 3400 Fax: (+34) 96 590 3464 Tax Law and Economics #12;

  12. Condensation temperature trends among stars with planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo Gonzalez

    2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from detailed spectroscopic analyses of stars hosting massive planets are employed to search for trends between abundances and condensation temperatures. The elements C, S, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn are included in the analysis of 64 stars with planets and 33 comparison stars. No significant trends are evident in the data. This null result suggests that accretion of rocky material onto the photospheres of stars with planets is not the primary explanation for their high metallicities. However, the differences between the solar photospheric and meteoritic abundances do display a weak but significant trend with condensation temperature. This suggests that the metallicity of the sun's envelope has been enriched relative to its interior by about 0.07 dex.

  13. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010 / Entrepreneurship & Energy Science / Technology; and Environmental Law & Energy Policy you have completed and passed such as BERC@Boalt, Boalt.org, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Healthcare and Biotech Law Society, Patent Law

  14. Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy Development webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Tribal Energy and...

  15. The Law and Economics of Costly Contracting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Alan; Watson, Joel

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Markets, Relational Contracting, New York: Free Press (and the Value of Contracting,” 89 American Economic ReviewLAW AND ECONOMICS OF COSTLY CONTRACTING BY ALAN SCHWARTZ AND

  16. Human Rights and Sustainable Development Law.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mekonin, Abere

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This paper considers the fast changing developments and changes in relation to sustainable development law with its three pillars, and the needs of international… (more)

  17. Renewable Energy Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida law forbids ordinances, deed restrictions, covenants, declarations or similar binding agreements from prohibiting the use of solar collectors (including clotheslines) or "other energy...

  18. The second law of blackhole dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koustubh Ajit Kabe

    2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the non-generalized or restricted second law blackhole dynamics as given by Bekenstein in the beginning is restated, with a rigid proof, in a different form akin to the statement of the second law of thermodynamics given by Clausius. The various physical possibilities and implications of this statement are discussed therein. This paper is a mere venture into the restricted second law of blackhole dynamics pertaining to blackholes emitting Hawking radiation. The paper thus considers a didactically interesting reformulation of the second law of blackhole thermodynamics after some revisions.

  19. Law, Sustainability, and the Pursuit of Happiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Revisited: Federalism, Green Building Codes, and ApplianceHowe, Overview of Green Buildings, 41 E NV . L. R EP .Reflections on Green Building Laws and the Transformation of

  20. Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or...

  1. Casimir interaction from magnetically coupled eddy currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intravaia, Francesco

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Casimir interaction due to eddy (Foucault) currents in thick metallic plates. The Drude model is used to describe the optical response of the metal at low frequencies. A repulsive force arises from the electromagnetic coupling between chargeless currents filling the metallic half-spaces. We show that these overdamped modes are entirely responsible for the thermal anomalies of the Casimir force between good conductors. It turns out that the applicability of the Nernst heat theorem (third law of thermodynamics) must be reviewed since the ground state of the coupled metal+field system can become highly degenerate at zero temperature.

  2. Session 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measurements and model to evaluate spatial and temporal trends in air pollution exposure and resulting health Examine health effects of this long-term exposure #12;Air pollution trends- past and future We can useSession 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its effects Chris Dibben, Tom

  3. INEEL Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Trend Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shropshire, David Earl; Teel, Dale Milton

    2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the INEEL GHG Inventory and Trend Analysis is to establish INEEL expertise in carbon management decision making and policy analysis. This FY-99 effort is the first step toward placing the INEEL in a leadership role within the DOE laboratories to support carbon management systems and analysis.

  4. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Brown, E.

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  5. Trends in Spatial Data Shashi Shekhar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yan

    Chapter 3 Trends in Spatial Data Mining Shashi Shekhar , Pusheng Zhang , Yan Huang , Ranga Raju, Minneapolis, MN 55455 Abstract: Spatial data mining is the process of discovering interesting and previously traditional numeric and categorical data due to the complexity of spatial data types, spatial relationships

  6. PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Mike

    PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS || James F. Burgess, Jr using several covariates. This is illustrated here in the context of sub- stance abuse care. One common process monitor for systems delivering substance abuse care is follow-up outpatient care within a certain

  7. Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

    2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest...

  8. New trends in cometary chemistry Jacques Crovisier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    New trends in cometary chemistry Jacques Crovisier Received 29th November 2005, Accepted 19th some of the implications of new comet observations for cometary chemistry: recent observations in the coma by the sublimation of nucleus ices. This technique has been in use since the beginnings

  9. Policy message Trends in the global agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    and entire countries, since small-scale producers are the main source of food in developing countries. Large is attracting renewed attention, mainly because of concerns over climate change. But other trends will have, often foreign- ers, are investing in agricultural land in developing countries. Threats

  10. Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and Science Conference "Water Quality Challenges in the Great Plains" is the theme of this year's University of Nebraska-Lincoln Water, Law, Policy and Science conference. The fifth annual UNL conference is April 22 and 23 at Lincoln

  11. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law II Overview & Aims: This core module aims to introduce students to the political economy background as well as the international legal framework for transnational foreign investment

  12. Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted

  13. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010 and a description of any major papers you have authored involving any aspect of energy or clean technology law & Energy Science / Technology ("TECH"); and Finance & Energy Business ("BIZ") you have completed and passed

  14. Status of the Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walid K. Abou Salem; Juerg Froehlich

    2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe recent progress towards deriving the Fundamental Laws of thermodynamics (the 0th, 1st and 2nd Law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in simple, yet physically relevant models. Along the way, we clarify some basic thermodynamic notions and discuss various reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics.

  15. Political Science: Law and Politics Specialization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Political Science: Law and Politics Specialization If you are considering law school, or wish.uwindsor.ca/polsci A Rigorous, Enriching Program Political scientists at UWindsor carry out cutting-edge research in a range, international political economy, media studies, Middle Eastern and Islamic politics, and religion and politics

  16. Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics Jos Uffink July 5, 2001 1 INTRODUCTION The second law of thermodynamics has a curious status. Many modern physicists regard it as an obsolete relic thermodynamics, in which the state does not con- tain velocity-like parameters, one may take R to be the identity

  17. SCHOOL OF LAW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    "There is a demand for new lawyers to be exceptionally responsive to the needs of clients. And the only preparing students for the practice of law at the highest levels of the profession. All students "By every measure we are succeeding in creating a top law school, with a faculty ranked among the best

  18. On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail Georgia Tech mihail@cc.gatech.edu and Christos H. Papadimitriou U.C. Berkeley christos@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract We show that the largest eigenvalues of graphs whose highest degrees are Zipf-like distributed with slope #11; are distributed according to a power law

  19. Computing trends using graphic processor in high energy physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihai Niculescu; Sorin-Ion Zgura

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the main challenges in Heavy Energy Physics is to make fast analysis of high amount of experimental and simulated data. At LHC-CERN one p-p event is approximate 1 Mb in size. The time taken to analyze the data and obtain fast results depends on high computational power. The main advantage of using GPU(Graphic Processor Unit) programming over traditional CPU one is that graphical cards bring a lot of computing power at a very low price. Today a huge number of application(scientific, financial etc) began to be ported or developed for GPU, including Monte Carlo tools or data analysis tools for High Energy Physics. In this paper, we'll present current status and trends in HEP using GPU.

  20. Metric space formulation of quantum mechanical conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. M. Sharp; I. D'Amico

    2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that conservation laws in quantum mechanics naturally lead to metric spaces for the set of related physical quantities. All such metric spaces have an "onion-shell" geometry. We demonstrate the power of this approach by considering many-body systems immersed in a magnetic field, with a finite ground state current. In the associated metric spaces we find regions of allowed and forbidden distances, a "band structure" in metric space directly arising from the conservation of the $z$ component of the angular momentum.

  1. Current measurement apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Umans, Stephen D. (Belmont, MA)

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus and methods are provided for a system for measurement of a current in a conductor such that the conductor current may be momentarily directed to a current measurement element in order to maintain proper current without significantly increasing an amount of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element or adding resistance to assist in current measurement. The apparatus and methods described herein are useful in superconducting circuits where it is necessary to monitor current carried by the superconducting elements while minimizing the effects of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element.

  2. SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jianfeng

    SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than a Poisson process Jing, interspike interval, psychophysical law, spike rate Abstract Weber's law is one of the basic laws established. In this paper, we carried out an analysis on the spike train statistics when Weber's law holds

  3. College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to recruit and nominate a Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2). The Canada Research Chair program (www

  4. Industrial Heat Pumps- A Reexamination in Light of Current Energy Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, N.; Simon, M.; Terry, S.; Leach, J.

    Heat pumps have been used for nearly one hundred years mostly providing heating and cooling for homes and residential settings. However, industrial heat pumps are also used and may be driven by waste heat streams from the manufacturing facility...

  5. Two trends call into question the cur-rent practice of fabricating micro-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozyrakis, Christos

    into a single chip to lower memory latency, increase memory bandwidth, and improve energy efficiency. It also and challenges for IRAMs, and finally esti- mates performance and energy efficiency of three IRAM designs. Why there is a problem The division of the semiconductor indus- try into microprocessor and memory camps has many

  6. An analysis of the current investment trend in the U.S. toll road sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, long term concessions through public-private partnerships (PPP's) in the US toll road sector have emerged and are expected to become a phenomenon in the near future. Up until now, only two large scale ...

  7. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system that relies heavily on wind. 5. References U.S.Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. “20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S.

  8. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    also concludes that the integration of 20% wind into U.S.and integration costs, Figure 4 provides a supply curve for wind

  9. The Current Trend of World Climate -a Report on the Early 1970's and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    understanding in three areas: past climate history and its impact on humanity; the course and causes Climatic Research Unit School of Environmental Sciences University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit with the study of natural and anthropogenic climate change. CRU is part of the School of Environmental Sciences

  10. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prices, environmental improvement, reduced water consumption, rural economic development, and employment opportunities in the renewable energy

  11. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. “20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S.targets. Keywords: Wind energy, renewable energy, cost

  12. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 6. Total Electricity-Sector Direct Costs (discountedfootprint of the electricity sector. In particular, analysisroughly 20% of expected electricity-sector carbon emissions

  13. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operating Cost of Natural Gas Combustion Turbine Operatingincrease in quick-ramping gas combustion-turbine capacity in

  14. New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy HealthCommentsAugustNationalMarkets withCohenNew PartnersCellAdvanced Stages

  15. 2008 CSUC Institute for Research in Intelligent Systems Current State and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AUVs: Autonomous Underwater Vehicles USVs: Unmanned Surface Vehicles Bluefin-12 Naval Postgraduate in Intelligent Systems UGVs: Unmanned Ground Vehicles iRobot PackBot iRobot ATRV-2 Armed Robotic Vehicle (ARV for Research in Intelligent Systems UAVs: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles MQ-8B Fire Scout MQ-1 Predator Lockheed

  16. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 school of law catalog 2013 #12;#12;This publication is for informational purposes and does not constitute a contract. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 Please recycle #12;The University of Kansas | 2012 ......................................................... 3 School of Law Administration

  17. How the Law Responds to Self-Help

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lichtman, Douglas

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lichtman, How the Law Responds to Self-Help (December 2004)the Law Responds to Self-Help secrecy is surely attractive,the Law Responds to Self-Help of illegitimate acts without

  18. Solano and Yolo County Agriculture Current Basis for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Solano and Yolo County Agriculture Current Basis for Planning for the Future November 16, 2011 · Agricultural profiles of Yolo County and Solano Counties ­ Trends and anticipated changes in land use and production ­ What counties can do to support agriculture in Solano and Yolo Counties · Climate Change

  19. JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    (919) 613-7020 admissions@law.duke.edu www.law.duke.edu/admis l a u n c h y o u r g l o b a l l aw p r a c t i c e h e r e APPLY NOW law.duke.edu/admis/degreeprograms/jd-llm/ Early Application Deadlines 11@ JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law Duke Law Admissions Duke University School of Law

  20. Essays in empirical law and economics/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lem, Jacklin Chou

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...

  1. Essays in empirical law and economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prescott, James J. (James Jondall)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis, which consists of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions in criminal procedure and employment antidiscrimination law. The first chapter measures the consequences for offenders of expanding ...

  2. Conservation Laws for SO(p,q)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. K. Dobrev

    2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Using our previous results on the systematic construction of invariant differential operators for non-compact semisimple Lie groups we classify the conservation laws in the case of SO(p,q).

  3. Application of Planck's law to thermionic conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, F.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple, highly accurate, mathematical model of heat-to-electricity conversion is developed from Planck's law for the distribution of the radiant exitance of heat at a selected temperature. An electrical power curve is calculated by integration of the heat law over a selected range of electromagnetic wavelength corresponding to electrical voltage. A novel wavelength-voltage conversion factor, developed from the known wavelength-electron volt conversion factor, establishes the wavelength ({lambda}) for the integration. The Planck law is integrated within the limits {lambda} to 2{lambda}. The integration provides the ideal electrical power that is available from heat at the emitter temperature. When multiplied by a simple ratio, the calculated ideal power closely matches published thermionic converter experimental data. The thermal power model of thermionic conversion is validated by experiments with thermionic emission of ordinary electron tubes. A theoretical basis for the heat law based model of thermionic conversion is found in linear oscillator theory.

  4. Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...

  5. Second Law Optimization of Heat Exchangers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witte, L. C.

    A new method for optimizing heat exchangers is developed in this paper. It is based on second law efficiency relationships rather than on the traditional heat exchanger effectiveness concept. The cost of energy is based on its availability level...

  6. MARYLAND CAREY LAW 2013 40 | ALUMNI PROFILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Public Interest Law Project (MPILP) and in 2006, Mendez was a Summer MPILP Grant Recipient, working society than public interest work," said Mendez. Mendez is now working as senior attorney at Catholic public interest work." --Michelle Mendez '08 #12;

  7. Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of...

  8. K. Smarsly, D. Hartmann & K. H. Law Integration of structural health and condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    . In Europe, Germany continues to be the biggest wind energy market; fostered by the coming "energy turnaround, and to increase operational efficiency and overall power output of wind farms. Currently, instead of incorporating into the life-cycle management of wind turbines Kay Smarsly* , Dietrich Hartmann** , Kincho H. Law* * Department

  9. Electromagnetic power loss in open coaxial diodes and the Langmuir-Blodgett law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Raghwendra; Biswas, Debabrata [Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The space charge limited current in coaxial diodes with electromagnetic power loss is studied. The Langmuir-Blodgett law is expressed in terms of the electromagnetic power loss and the applied voltage. Particle-in-cell simulations of photodiode-like situations and high power diodes confirm the relation between the applied voltage, diode voltage, and electromagnetic power loss.

  10. TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-085 TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN CALIFORNIA, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING** Abstract This study analyzes state and regional electricity supply and demand trends for the eleven states

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Trends in meteorological and agricultural droughts in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AghaKouchak, Amir

    ORIGINAL PAPER Trends in meteorological and agricultural droughts in Iran S. Golian & O. Mazdiyasni droughts and their trends in Iran, as well as several subregions with different climate conditions from, northwestern, and central parts of Iran have experienced sig- nificant drying trends at a 95 % confidence level

  12. Fractal Weyl Law for Open Chaotic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stéphane Nonnenmacher

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution summarizes our work with M.Zworski on open quantum open chaoticmaps (math-ph/0505034). For a simple chaotic scattering system (the open quantum baker's map), we compute the "long-living resonances" in the semiclassical r\\'{e}gime, and show that they satisfy a fractal Weyl law. We can prove this fractal law in the case of a modified model.

  13. Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office...

  14. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  15. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...

  16. Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

  17. Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

  18. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs. It is important to note that this report covers only a portion of voluntary markets for renewable energy. It does not cover green power sold by independent marketers except for cases in which the marketers work in conjunction with utilities or default electricity suppliers.

  19. Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

  20. Recent trends in refinery hydrogen production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aitani, A.M.; Siddiqui, M.A.B. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Refiners are experiencing a rise in hydrogen requirements to improve product quality and process heavy sour crudes. Fuel reformulation has disrupted refinery hydrogen balance in two ways: more hydrogen is needed for hydroprocessing and less hydrogen is coproduced from catalytic naphtha reforming. The purpose of this paper is to review trends in maximizing refinery hydrogen production by modifications and alternatives to the conventional steam methane reforming, recovery from refinery off gases and {open_quote}across-the-fence{close_quote} hydrogen supply. 11 refs., 2 tabs.

  1. High-Current Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Ernest O.

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F i g . 13 F i g . 14 A 48 ACCELERATOR F i g . 25 F i g . 16supply. Extrapolation of accelerator energy and current9 . A-48 high-current accelerator, low-velocity end. Fig.

  2. Computation of the current density in nonlinear materials subjected to large current pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgdon, M.L.; Hixson, R.S.; Parsons, W.M.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The finite element method and the finite difference method are used to calculate the current distribution in two nonlinear conductors. The first conductor is a small ferromagnetic wire subjected to a current pulse that rises to 10,000 Amperes in 10 microseconds. Results from the transient thermal and transient magnetic solvers of the finite element code FLUX2D are used to compute the current density in the wire. The second conductor is a metal oxide varistor. Maxwell's equations, Ohm's law and the varistor relation for the resistivity and the current density of {rho} = {alpha}j{sup {minus}{beta}} are used to derive a nonlinear differential equation. The solutions of the differential equation are obtained by a finite difference approximation and a shooting method. The behavior predicted by these calculations is in agreement with experiments. 9 refs., 6 figs.

  3. Current to Current | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)Crowley County,Curran, Illinois: EnergyCurrentCurrent to

  4. Exploration trends of the Sirte Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aburawi, R.M. [Waha Oil Co., Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A wave of intense exploration activity in the Sirte Basin began after the discovery of oil in 1958, and an enormous quantity of hydrocarbon was found in less than ten years. The oil discovery rate has been gradually declining since its peak in the 1960`s, and it is now becoming increasingly difficult and more expensive to find a new reserve. This paper is an attempt to discuss briefly the past exploration cycle, to indicate the present position and to predict the future trend of our activities in the Sirte Basin. The past exploration activities in the Sirte Basin were concentrated along the particular geological trends where the possibilities of finding more reserves are now drastically reduced. Therefore, for the future healthy exploration activities, new ideas are needed to bring about some new favourable areas under further investigation. A new cycle of exploration success will emerge if our exploratory efforts are purposely directed towards the stratigraphic, stratrigraphic/structural traps and subtle type traps, along the migrational pathways and deep plays in the potential oil generative areas.

  5. Influence of the Density Law on Various Fissile Single Unit and Array Storage Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, S T

    2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The advancement of computational technology has resulted in the wide-spread availability of powerful radiation transport Monte Carlo codes. Prevailing practices today rely heavily on Monte Carlo codes to provide the basis for assessing the reactivity of various fissile systems for nuclear criticality safety (NCS). In 1958, Weinberg and Wigner expressed their concerns on a 'deplorable trend in reactor design - the tendency to substitute a code for a theory'. Unfortunately, their concerns have largely become a reality in many modern NCS practices. lacking the time or information to understand the underlying neutron physics of the fissile system under consideration is indeed a deplorable trend. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that many features of criticality hand calculation methods are indeed based upon the fundamentals of the density law and that many correlations of important physics parameters can be more easily understood from such a perspective. Historically, the density law was recognized by many pioneers in the field, including during the Manhattan Project. However, it was by and large an 'oral tradition' in that bits and pieces of great physical insights of the pioneers were scattered in many earlier publications. This paper attempts to bring together some of the 'jewels' of the pioneers which might have been lost or forgotten.

  6. LAW SUBJECT GUIDE -I/S Non-Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    al.] KE444 G62 2002 Law in Action: Understanding Canadian Law / Annice Blair ... [et al.] KE444 L39/George Alexandrowicz ... [et al.] KE444 D54 2004 (teacher's guide also available) Other textbooks Criminal law and the Canadian criminal code / Richard Barnhorst, Sherrie Barnhorst KE8809 C57 2004 Canadian case law studies

  7. INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety

  8. Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

  9. LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscoe, Bill

    LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic to deriving programsfrom their specifications. C. A. R. HOARE,1.J. HAYES,HEJIFENG,C. C. MORGAN,A. W. ROSCOE, J. W. SANDERS,1.H. SORENSEN,J. M. SPIVEY,and B. A. SUFRIN Some computer scientists have abandoned

  10. Electric current locator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Woodside, Charles Rigel (Corvallis, OR)

    2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure herein provides an apparatus for location of a quantity of current vectors in an electrical device, where the current vector has a known direction and a known relative magnitude to an input current supplied to the electrical device. Mathematical constants used in Biot-Savart superposition equations are determined for the electrical device, the orientation of the apparatus, and relative magnitude of the current vector and the input current, and the apparatus utilizes magnetic field sensors oriented to a sensing plane to provide current vector location based on the solution of the Biot-Savart superposition equations. Description of required orientations between the apparatus and the electrical device are disclosed and various methods of determining the mathematical constants are presented.

  11. Environmental trends in Asia are accelerating the introduction of clean coal technologies and natural gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.J.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the changing energy mix for Asia to 2020, and impacts of increased coal consumption on Asia`s share of world SO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} emissions. Stricter SO{sub 2} emissions laws are summarized for eight Asian economies along with implications for fuel and technology choices. The paper compares the economics of different technologies for coal and natural gas in 1997 and in 2007. Trends toward introducing clean coal technologies and the use of natural gas will accelerate in response to tighter environmental standards by 2000. The most important coal conversion technology for Asia, particularly China, in the long term is likely to be integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC), but only under the assumption of multiple products.

  12. Current Testbed Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Current Testbed Research Previous Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

  13. DOE Publishes Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    a new report, SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning. The report was created in response to requests from utilities and energy efficiency...

  14. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Won Young

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trend and Forecast” LG Electronics, October. http://TV model in 2007, and LG Electronics launched a 15-inch (two Korean manufacturers, LG Electronics and Samsung, also

  15. asian trend analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wells can be divided into two major categories, clastic (oil & gas production) and carbonate (only gas Mohaghegh, Shahab 167 Moving from Status to Trends: Forest Inventory and...

  16. Price, costs and income trends for New Zealand pastoral farms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aitken, Tim

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??An investigation of inflationary adjusted historical price trends of New Zealand pastoral farmers??? income and expenses over the past thirty years was investigated . The… (more)

  17. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany...

  18. SciTech Connect: Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Org: Other Non-EERE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 17 WIND ENERGY BLADE TESTING; TRENDS; BIAXIAL TESTING; NATIONAL WIND TECHNOLOGY CENTER; NWTC;...

  19. Laws for Sale: Evidence from Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laws for Sale: Evidence from Russia Irina Slinko, Evgeny Yakovlev, and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya and regulations in Russia during the period 1992-2000. Using these measures, we find that: 1) politically powerful that capture affects aggregate growth. Key words: Regulatory capture, institutional subversion, Russia

  20. Political Science & Law press.princeton.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Political Science & Law 2010 press.princeton.edu #12;Forthcoming The Whites of Their Eyes the tea's Slaves Americans have always put the past to political ends. the Union laid claim to the revolution the clinton presidency. Princeton Studies in International History and Politics A Council on Foreign Relations

  1. Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014 Venue: Institut für Energie und Regulierungsrecht Berlin, EUREF-Campus am Gasometer, Haus 13, Torgauer Str. 12-15, 10829 Berlin 10:00 The impact of the new guidelines on state aid for environmental protection and energy on the promotion of renewable energies

  2. DIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramaniam, Anandh

    Diffusion bonding To comprehend many materials related phenomenon one must understand Diffusion. The focusDIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS KIRKENDALL EFFECT ATOMIC MECHANISMS Diffusion in Solids P.G. Shewmon McGraw-Hill, New York (1963) #12;Oxidation Roles of Diffusion Creep Aging

  3. Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Frampton

    2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.

  4. QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.

  5. On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

  6. School of Law Office of Career Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    .422.6757 usfca.edu/law/career INTERVIEW SKILLS Page 1 of 8 INTERVIEW SKILLS Your resume (or having good contacts for that employer. PREPARING FOR THE INTERVIEW KNOW YOUR RESUME. Prepare by knowing your resume. Be prepared to talk about every aspect listed on it as your resume serves as a guide for the interviewer

  7. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  8. HR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES TIME TO TRAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    HR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES TIME TO TRAIN Since 6 April 2010 employers have had to seriously consider an eligible employee's formal request for time away from their core duties to undertake training. Employees can request to undertake training they think will improve both their own and the University

  9. Entropy evolution law in a laser process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun-hua Chen; Hong-yi Fan

    2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For the first time, we obtain the entropy variation law in a laser process after finding the Kraus operator of the master equation describing the laser process with the use of the entangled state representation. The behavior of entropy is determined by the competition of the gain and damping in the laser process. The photon number evolution formula is also obtained.

  10. Current to Current Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)Crowley County,Curran, Illinois: EnergyCurrent

  11. Ultracapacitor current collector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jerabek, Elihu Calfin (Glenmont, NY); Mikkor, Mati (Ann Arbor, MI)

    2001-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultracapacitor having two solid, nonporous current collectors, two porous electrodes separating the collectors, a porous separator between the electrodes and an electrolyte occupying the pores in the electrodes and separator. At least one of the current collectors comprises a conductive metal substrate coated with a metal nitride, carbide or boride coating.

  12. Voltage controlled current source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Casne, Gregory M. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A seven decade, voltage controlled current source is described for use in testing intermediate range nuclear instruments that covers the entire test current range of from 10 picoamperes to 100 microamperes. High accuracy is obtained throughout the entire seven decades of output current with circuitry that includes a coordinated switching scheme responsive to the input signal from a hybrid computer to control the input voltage to an antilog amplifier, and to selectively connect a resistance to the antilog amplifier output to provide a continuous output current source as a function of a preset range of input voltage. An operator controlled switch provides current adjustment for operation in either a real-time simulation test mode or a time response test mode.

  13. Reformation of the Criminal and Respect for Law the Purpose of the Criminal Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyquist, Gustav A.

    1907-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Master ttieses Sociology Nyquist, Uuatav ,f Re format ion of said respect for purpose of the A. 1907 the criminal law the criminal law." v < ^ v - ~ . . . . . ^ Reformation of the C r i m i n a l and 'fS, * ' Respect f o r Law the purpose... of the Criminal Law. S o c i o l o g i s t s and o r i m i n e l o g i s t s d e f i n e crime as ed a s o c i a l d e f e c t , a disease. I n h e r i t tendencies, education, and environment, shape and formulate character. Through the e v i l i n f l u e n...

  14. Contracting Out of National Law: An Empirical Look at the New Law Merchant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A hotly debated topic in the international arbitration literature is the ability of parties to contract to have their dispute resolved without consideration of any national law whatsoever - on the basis of “general principles of international trade...

  15. Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Henriksen

    2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.

  16. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Brown, E.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, nearly 600 utilities in regulated electricity markets--or almost 20% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Because some utilities offer programs in conjunction with cooperative associations or other publicly owned power entities, the number of distinct programs totals about 125. Through these programs, more than 40 million customers spanning 34 states have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2004 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities as benchmarks by which to gauge the success of their green power programs.

  17. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

  18. Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections November 2012 #12;Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections David Feldman1 , Galen Barbose2 , Robert Margolis1 , Ryan Wiser2 , Naïm Darghouth2 , and Alan Goodrich1 1 National Renewable Energy

  19. Does interactivity improve exploratory data analysis of animated trend visualization?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Chris

    ]. In particular, animation has become a popular method for visualizing trends in multivariate information spaces1 Does interactivity improve exploratory data analysis of animated trend visualization? Felwa A technique for data analysis of large data. We compared interactive animations with non-interactive (passive

  20. 7, 1176111796, 2007 Global H2O trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    vapour is the most important natural greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and plays an essential roleACPD 7, 11761­11796, 2007 Global H2O trends from satellite measurements S. Mieruch et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Analysis of global water vapour trends from satellite measurements

  1. 11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends Chapter 2 CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM SUPPLY, TRANSPORTATION, REFINING AND MARKETING TRENDS INTRODUCTION California is an integral part of the world oil market as a world-scale petroleum consumer. Historically, about 50 percent of this petroleum

  2. Current control circuitry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Taubman, Matthew S. (Richland, WA)

    2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the embodiments of the present invention is an apparatus that includes a transistor (30), a servo device (40), and a current source (50). The servo device (40) is operable to provide a common base mode of operation of the transistor (30) by maintaining an approximately constant voltage level at the transistor base (32b). The current source (150) is operable to provide a bias current to the transistor (30). A first device (24) provides an input signal to an electrical node (70) positioned between the emitter (32e) of the transistor (30) and the current source (50). A second device (26) receives an output signal from the collector (32c) of the transistor (30).

  3. Geothermal Energy: Current abstracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringe, A.C. (ed.)

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bulletin announces the current worldwide information available on the technologies required for economic recovery of geothermal energy and its use as direct heat or for electric power production. (ACR)

  4. ORNL trends and balances, 1987-1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief overview is given that covers the roles, organization, R and D sponsors, and recent achievements of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Current R and D programs are described in the areas of nuclear and engineering technologies, advanced energy systems, biomedical and environmental sciences, and basic physical sciences. ORNL's future activities are discussed. (LEW)

  5. Beam current sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuchnir, M.; Mills, F.E.

    1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A current sensor for measuring the dc component of a beam of charged particles employs a superconducting pick-up loop probe, with twisted superconducting leads in combination with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) detector. The pick-up probe is in the form of a single-turn loop, or a cylindrical toroid, through which the beam is directed and within which a first magnetic flux is excluded by the Meisner effect. The SQUID detector acts as a flux-to-voltage converter in providing a current to the pick-up loop so as to establish a second magnetic flux within the electrode which nulls out the first magnetic flux. A feedback voltage within the SQUID detector represents the beam current of the particles which transit the pick-up loop. Meisner effect currents prevent changes in the magnetic field within the toroidal pick-up loop and produce a current signal independent of the beam's cross-section and its position within the toroid, while the combination of superconducting elements provides current measurement sensitivities in the nano-ampere range.

  6. Beam current sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuchnir, Moyses (Elmhurst, IL); Mills, Frederick E. (Elburn, IL)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A current sensor for measuring the DC component of a beam of charged particles employs a superconducting pick-up loop probe, with twisted superconducting leads in combination with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) detector. The pick-up probe is in the form of a single-turn loop, or a cylindrical toroid, through which the beam is directed and within which a first magnetic flux is excluded by the Meisner effect. The SQUID detector acts as a flux-to-voltage converter in providing a current to the pick-up loop so as to establish a second magnetic flux within the electrode which nulls out the first magnetic flux. A feedback voltage within the SQUID detector represents the beam current of the particles which transit the pick-up loop. Meisner effect currents prevent changes in the magnetic field within the toroidal pick-up loop and produce a current signal independent of the beam's cross-section and its position within the toroid, while the combination of superconducting elements provides current measurement sensitivites in the nano-ampere range.

  7. Returning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships to outstanding students on the basis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    of the editorial staff of the Law Review at the University of Memphis Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law. The EditorReturning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships by the law school. They are open to all University of Memphis School of Law students who meet the specified

  8. Lectures notes for introduction to environmental law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwell, J.J.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This four-hour overview course is designed to briefly describe the environmental law system. The course provides an overview that managers and technical people will find useful as a beginning course or a course that puts formerly taken detailed courses in perspective. The course begins by defining environmental law and describing the legal system that establishes compliance obligations. Then, all the major Environmental Acts such as The Water Pollution Control Act, The National Environmental Policy Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) are briefly described and interrelated. All the environmental DOE Orders, selected books, and other source material are referenced. Radioactive pollutants are not discussed; however, reference material is provided.

  9. Centre for Environmental Law -Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan

    Centre for Environmental Law - Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University Self-Guided Sustainability Tour #12;Acknowledgements Self-Guided Sustainability Tour Macquarie University Centre for Environmental Law - Macquarie Sustainability Copyright © Macquarie University 2010. All rights reserved Texts

  10. Attack of the killer acronyms: The Future of IT Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guadamuz, Andres

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the reliance of internet technology law on acronyms, and its deeper socio-legal impact. It suggests that this resonantes for the future of research, teaching, and practice within information technology law.

  11. FACULTY OF LAW www.philadelphia.edu.jo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Law 51 Study Fees 11 Scholarship 56 Admission Conditions at the Faculty of Law 11 University Glossary Amman and Syria). The area of the university site is about 327 dunums with beautiful scenery

  12. Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson

    2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.

  13. City of Madison- Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws...

  14. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures March 2013 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  15. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures November 2012 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  16. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures September 2011 (Revised ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  17. An Overview of Bankruptcy Law in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ware, Stephen J.

    2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This overview of bankruptcy and other debtor-creditor law in the United States is designed for lawyers trained outside of the U.S. It summarizes federal and state law governing collection from debtors in bankruptcy and ...

  18. Laws of thermodynamics and game theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Sakhnovich

    2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.

  19. Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\

  20. Weyl laws for partially open quantum maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmanuel Schenck

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a toy model for "partially open" wave-mechanical system, like for instance a dielectric micro-cavity, in the semiclassical limit where ray dynamics is applicable. Our model is a quantized map on the 2-dimensional torus, with an additional damping at each time step, resulting in a subunitary propagator, or "damped quantum map". We obtain analogues of Weyl's laws for such maps in the semiclassical limit, and draw some more precise estimates when the classical dynamic is chaotic.

  1. 1986 -1996 TRAVEL TRENDS IN THE1986 -1996 TRAVEL TRENDS IN THE GTA & HAMILTON-WENTWORTHGTA & HAMILTON-WENTWORTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    1986 - 1996 TRAVEL TRENDS IN THE1986 - 1996 TRAVEL TRENDS IN THE GTA & HAMILTON-WENTWORTHGTA & HAMILTON-WENTWORTH Data Management Group Joint Program in Transportation University of Toronto March 1998 STRUCTURE OF HAMILTON-WENTWORTH ........13 EXHIBIT 8A ­ 1996 TRANSIT TRIP RATES BY GENDER FOR TORONTO

  2. Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences Shew, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman, and John Rodgers #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004 Our Goals: u

  3. Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences, Woodrow Shew, Daniel Sisan, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003 Our Goal: u

  4. Alternative fuel information: State alternative fuel laws and incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laws and incentives related to the use of alternative fuels in automobiles are listed for most states of USA.

  5. Svetlana Kochkina, July 2013 1 Foreign and International Law Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    structure, and economy. Background Notes (U.S. Department of State) CIA World Factbook (CIA) World Law

  6. Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Janet Xuanli Liao, Lecturer, Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy, University and Usufruct of natural resources in China" 12:45 ­ 1:30 Lunch 1:30 ­ 2:45 Chair: Professor Wei Wang, Law or Conflict? · Dr Paolo Farah, WestVirginia University (USA) & gLAWcal ­ Global Law Initiatives

  7. Easier way to calculate E fields Equivalent to Coulomb's law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    lines enter as leave closed surface the net is zero = ·= dAE AdE cos rr #12;Flux Calculate fluxGauss' Law Easier way to calculate E fields ­ Gauss' Law Equivalent to Coulomb's law Use ·= AE rr Let A become small so flux becomes integral over Gaussian surface Flux is proportional to net

  8. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. HereTHE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction. When I was 13, the intellectual world. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  9. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;2 DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  10. SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY University of South Carolina $ Columbia, South Carolina 29208 $ 803/777-8296 An Equal Opportunity Institution School of Law Computer Support Policy I. Purpose: This policy outlines the support provided for law school computers by the School

  11. Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabeer, Onkar

    1 Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law Onkar Dabeer Subhasis Chaudhuri Onkar Dabeer;2 Abstract Weber's law suggests a logarithmic relationship between perceptual stimuli and human perception. The Weber sampler is an adaptive, non-uniform sampling mechanism that exploits Weber's law to sample

  12. Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position David Whitaker a transition between the scales that determine threshold results in the continuum known as Weber's law; Vernier acuity; Weber's law 1. Introduction The ability to accurately and veridically locate objects

  13. 1 INTRODUCTION Japanese standard Law was revised in 1998. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    a situation which does not comply with other requirements of the Building Standard Law, concerning fire safety, Ministry of Construction, Japan ABSTRACT: Japanese Building Standard Law was revised in 1998. The highlight1 INTRODUCTION Japanese standard Law was revised in 1998. The highlight related to the structural

  14. The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook® How to add the BC Law Alumni Connections application to your Facebook profile............................................................. 2 How to bookmark the BC Law Alumni Connections application in Facebook so it shows on your profile

  15. ACCELERATED LAW PROGRAM Stevens Institute of Technology offers a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    ACCELERATED LAW PROGRAM Stevens Institute of Technology offers a six-year combined Bachelor's/J.D. degree program for students interested in pursuing the accelerated law option. After three years of study they attended. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS In order to be considered for the Accelerated Law Program, students must

  16. Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepelyansky, Dima

    Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky Laboratoire de Physique of such states is described by the fractal Weyl law, and their Husimi distributions closely follow the strange, and the concept of the fractal Weyl law has been introduced to describe the dependence of the number of resonant

  17. Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general ­ the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many

  18. W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    on learning through engagement ­ combining practicum courses, practice simulations, client interactions but also personal, collegial, and humane. Our goal is to provide a three-year learning progression. Each learning law the way law students traditionally have learned to the way lawyers learn law. Students build

  19. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fokkinga, Maarten M.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 5b Transformer and Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 5cLaw and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga #12;CIP-DATA KONINKLIJKE BIBLIOTHEEK, DEN HAAG Fokkinga, Maarten M. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga ­ [S.l.: s.n.] Thesis Enschede

  20. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls on a wide array of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  1. Mean-field Ohm's law and coaxial helicity injection in force-free plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weening, R. H. [Department of Radiologic Sciences, Thomas Jefferson University, 130 S. 9th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107-5233 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A theoretical analysis of steady-state coaxial helicity injection (CHI) in force-free plasmas is presented using a parallel mean-field Ohm's law that includes resistivity {eta} and hyper-resistivity {Lambda} terms. Using Boozer coordinates, a partial differential equation is derived for the time evolution of the mean-field poloidal magnetic flux, or magnetic Hamiltonian function, from the parallel mean-field Ohm's law. A general expression is obtained from the mean-field theory for the efficiency of CHI current drive in force-free plasmas. Inductances of internal energy, magnetic helicity, and poloidal magnetic flux are used to characterize axisymmetric plasma equilibria that have a model current profile. Using the model current profile, a method is suggested to determine the level of magnetohydrodynamic activity at the magnetic axis and the consequent deviation from the completely relaxed Taylor state. The mean-field Ohm's law model suggests that steady-state CHI can be viewed most simply as a boundary layer problem.

  2. The Daya Bay Nuclear Plant Project in the Light of International Environmental Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mushkat, Roda

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ministry of Nuclear Industry; PACIFIC BASIN LAW JOURNAL [international law prohibits a state from building a nuclearNUCLEAR PLANT PROJECT IN THE LIGHT OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

  3. Non-power law behavior of the radial profile of phase-space density of halos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popolo, A. Del, E-mail: adelpopolo@oact.inaf.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, University Of Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95125 Catania (Italy)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the pseudo phase-space density, ?(r)/?{sup 3}(r), of ?CDM dark matter halos with and without baryons (baryons+DM, and pure DM), by using the model introduced in Del Popolo (2009), which takes into account the effect of dynamical friction, ordered and random angular momentum, baryons adiabatic contraction and dark matter baryons interplay. We examine the radial dependence of ?(r)/?{sup 3}(r) over 9 orders of magnitude in radius for structures on galactic and cluster of galaxies scales. We find that ?(r)/?{sup 3}(r) is approximately a power-law only in the range of halo radius resolved by current simulations (down to 0.1% of the virial radius) while it has a non-power law behavior below the quoted scale, with inner profiles changing with mass. The non-power-law behavior is more evident for halos constituted both of dark matter and baryons while halos constituted just of dark matter and with angular momentum chosen to reproduce a Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) density profile, are characterized by an approximately power-law behavior. The results of the present paper lead to conclude that density profiles of the NFW type are compatible with a power-law behavior of ?(r)/?{sup 3}(r), while those flattening to the halo center, like those found in Del Popolo (2009) or the Einasto profile, or the Burkert profile, cannot produce radial profile of the pseudo-phase-space density that are power-laws at all radii. The results argue against universality of the pseudo phase-space density and as a consequence argue against universality of density profiles constituted by dark matter and baryons as also discussed in Del Popolo (2009)

  4. Fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darmann, Francis Anthony

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A fault current limiter (FCL) includes a series of high permeability posts for collectively define a core for the FCL. A DC coil, for the purposes of saturating a portion of the high permeability posts, surrounds the complete structure outside of an enclosure in the form of a vessel. The vessel contains a dielectric insulation medium. AC coils, for transporting AC current, are wound on insulating formers and electrically interconnected to each other in a manner such that the senses of the magnetic field produced by each AC coil in the corresponding high permeability core are opposing. There are insulation barriers between phases to improve dielectric withstand properties of the dielectric medium.

  5. Statistical test of Duane-Hunt's law and its comparison with an alternative law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Perkovac

    2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Pearson correlation coefficient a statistical analysis of Duane-Hunt and Kulenkampff's measurement results was performed. This analysis reveals that empirically based Duane-Hunt's law is not entirely consistent with the measurement data. The author has theoretically found the action of electromagnetic oscillators, which corresponds to Planck's constant, and also has found an alternative law based on the classical theory. Using the same statistical method, this alternative law is likewise tested, and it is proved that the alternative law is completely in accordance with the measurements. The alternative law gives a relativistic expression for the energy of electromagnetic wave emitted or absorbed by atoms and proves that the empirically derived Planck-Einstein's expression is only valid for relatively low frequencies. Wave equation, which is similar to the Schr\\"odinger equation, and wavelength of the standing electromagnetic wave are also established by the author's analysis. For a relatively low energy this wavelength becomes equal to the de Broglie wavelength. Without any quantum conditions, the author made a formula similar to the Rydberg's formula, which can be applied to the all known atoms, neutrons and some hyperons.

  6. Power loss in open cavity diodes and a modified Child Langmuir Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debabrata Biswas; Raghwendra Kumar; R. R. Puri

    2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Diodes used in most high power devices are inherently open. It is shown that under such circumstances, there is a loss of electromagnetic radiation leading to a lower critical current as compared to closed diodes. The power loss can be incorporated in the standard Child-Langmuir framework by introducing an effective potential. The modified Child-Langmuir law can be used to predict the maximum power loss for a given plate separation and potential difference as well as the maximum transmitted current for this power loss. The effectiveness of the theory is tested numerically.

  7. Generation of the longitudinal current by the transversal electromagnetic field in classical and quantum plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latyshev, A V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From Vlasov kinetic equation for collisionless plasmas distribution function in square-law approximation on size of electromagnetic field is received. Formulas for calculation electric current at any temperature (any degree of degeneration of electronic gas) are deduced. The case of small values of the wave numbers is considered. It is shown, that the nonlinearity account leads to occurrence the longitudinal electric current directed along a wave vector. This longitudinal current orthogonal to known transversal classical current, received at the linear analysis. From the kinetic equation with Wigner integral for collisionless quantum plasma distribution function is received in square-law on vector potential approximation. Formulas for calculation electric current at any temperature are deduced. The case of small values of wave number is considered. It is shown, that size of a longitudinal current at small values of wave number and for classical plasma and for quantum plasma coincide. Graphic comparison of dim...

  8. Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a courtroom to see in the business world, whether you're managing a personal business or working with corporate counsel. While the business law minor is not designed to make you a lawyer, it will help you recognize legal issues

  9. RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

  10. Fractional Power-Law Spatial Dispersion in Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarasov, Vasily E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb's law and Debye's screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type.

  11. Current address: Samuel Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Samuel

    CV: E-mail : Homepage: Current address: Samuel Johnson samuel.johnson@imperial.ac.uk www. #12;Submitted work 1. The meaning of niche: Cause or consequence of food-web structure?, S. Johnson, V learning, S. Johnson, J. Marro, and J.J. Torres, PLoS ONE 8(1): e50276 (2013) 3. Enhancing neural network

  12. Hydrogen Delivery- Current Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hydrogen is transported from the point of production to the point of use via pipeline, over the road in cryogenic liquid trucks or gaseous tube trailers, or by rail or barge. Read on to learn more about current hydrogen delivery and storage technologies.

  13. Fractional power-law spatial dispersion in electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E., E-mail: tarasov@theory.sinp.msu.ru [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Trujillo, Juan J., E-mail: jtrujill@ullmat.es [Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type. -- Highlights: •Plasma-like non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion. •Fractional differential equations for electric fields in the media. •The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for the media.

  14. Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Thomas J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.

  15. Current reservoirs in the simple exclusion process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis; Maria Eulalia Vares

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the symmetric simple exclusion process in the interval $[-N,N]$ with additional birth and death processes respectively on $(N-K,N]$, $K>0$, and $[-N,-N+K)$. The exclusion is speeded up by a factor $N^2$, births and deaths by a factor $N$. Assuming propagation of chaos (a property proved in a companion paper "Truncated correlations in the stirring process with births and deaths") we prove convergence in the limit $N\\to \\infty$ to the linear heat equation with Dirichlet condition on the boundaries; the boundary conditions however are not known a priori, they are obtained by solving a non linear equation. The model simulates mass transport with current reservoirs at the boundaries and the Fourier law is proved to hold.

  16. Energy of magnetic moment of superconducting current in magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. L. Gurtovoi; A. V. Nikulov

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy of magnetic moment of the persistent current circulating in superconducting loop in an externally produced magnetic field is not taken into account in the theory of quantization effects because of identification of the Hamiltonian with the energy. This identification misleads if, in accordance with the conservation law, the energy of a state is the energy expended for its creation. The energy of magnetic moment is deduced from a creation history of the current state in magnetic field both in the classical and quantum case. But taking this energy into account demolishes the agreement between theory and experiment. Impartial consideration of this problem discovers the contradiction both in theory and experiment.

  17. Current distribution in systems with anomalous diffusion: renormalisation group approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vivien Lecomte; Uwe C. Tauber; Frederic van Wijland

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the asymptotic properties of the large deviation function of the integrated particle current in systems, in or out of thermal equilibrium, whose dynamics exhibits anomalous diffusion. The physical systems covered by our study include mutually repelling particles with a drift, a driven lattice gas displaying a continuous nonequilibrium phase transition, and particles diffusing in a anisotropic random advective field. It is exemplified how renormalisation group techniques allow for a systematic determination of power laws in the corresponding current large deviation functions. We show that the latter are governed by known universal scaling exponents, specifically, the anomalous dimension of the noise correlators.

  18. High Current Ion Sources and Injectors for Heavy Ion Fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwan, Joe W.

    2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy ion beam driven inertial fusion requires short ion beam pulses with high current and high brightness. Depending on the beam current and the number of beams in the driver system, the injector can use a large diameter surface ionization source or merge an array of small beamlets from a plasma source. In this paper, we review the scaling laws that govern the injector design and the various ion source options including the contact ionizer, the aluminosilicate source, the multicusp plasma source, and the MEVVA source.

  19. High-brightness, high-current ion sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several existing high-current dc ion sources are presented that yield positive ions and are based on gas discharges. Their common features are then outlined: extraction systems, required plasma qualities, and the production of ions from solid materials. Finally, from well-established laws, scaling rules for high-brightness ion beams are derived taking one specific case to determine the numerical constants. These rules predict that the current values of transportable beams scale proportionally to the 3/2 power of the extraction voltage, whereas the brightness strongly decreases with rising voltage.

  20. Nuclear halo and its scaling laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. H. Liu; X. Z. Zhang; H. Q. Zhang

    2004-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We have proposed a procedure to extract the probability for valence particle being out of the binding potential from the measured nuclear asymptotic normalization coefficients. With this procedure, available data regarding the nuclear halo candidates are systematically analyzed and a number of halo nuclei are confirmed. Based on these results we have got a much relaxed condition for nuclear halo occurrence. Furthermore, we have presented the scaling laws for the dimensionless quantity $/R^{2}$ of nuclear halo in terms of the analytical expressions of the expectation value for the operator $r^{2}$ in a finite square-well potential.

  1. Physical Consonance Law of Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Goto

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sound consonance is the reason why it is possible to exist music in our life. However, rules of consonance between sounds had been found quite subjectively, just by hearing. To care for, the proposal is to establish a sound consonance law on the basis of mathematical and physical foundations. Nevertheless, the sensibility of the human auditory system to the audible range of frequencies is individual and depends on a several factors such as the age or the health in a such way that the human perception of the consonance as the pleasant sensation it produces, while reinforced by an exact physical relation, may involves as well the individual subjective feeling.

  2. Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Collier

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.

  3. Laws and Requirements | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen to HighJosephNOx Traps forLM2LarryLaws and Requirements

  4. Wind Power Price Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

  5. Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

  6. Wind Power Price Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    price of power from new U.S. wind projects higher in 2009.should eventually help wind power regain the downward pricein Modern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the

  7. Trends and Opportunities in Industrial Hazardous Waste Minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atlas, M.

    This paper describes trends and opportunities in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act hazardous waste minimization. It uses U.S. Environmental Protection Agency data gathered since 1989 from over 20,000 facilities that account for almost all...

  8. Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) Markets: Status and Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Kreycik, C.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines experience in solar renewable energy certificate (SREC) markets in the United States. It describes how SREC markets function--key policy design provisions, eligible technologies, state and regional eligibility rules, solar alternative compliance payments, measurement and verification methods, long-term contracting provisions, and rate caps. It also examines the trends of SREC markets--trading volumes, sourcing trends, trends in the size of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems driven by these markets, and trends in price and compliance. Throughout, the paper explores key issues and challenges facing SREC markets and attempts by policymakers to address some of these market barriers. Data and information presented in this report are derived from SREC tracking systems, brokers and auctions, published reports, and information gleaned from market participants and interviews with state regulators responsible for SREC market implementation. The last section summarizes key findings.

  9. Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with deeper, NNW conductors. These conductors are believed to repre-sent zones of saline fluids whose collection is pro-moted by opening of these structural trends with the...

  10. Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, David Wayne

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

  11. additional hard power-law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a vector of parame... Robinson, Peter M 2012-01-01 49 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  12. Aternating current photovoltaic building block

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bower, Ward Issac; Thomas, Michael G.; Ruby, Douglas S.

    2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A modular apparatus for and method of alternating current photovoltaic power generation comprising via a photovoltaic module, generating power in the form of direct current; and converting direct current to alternating current and exporting power via one or more power conversion and transfer units attached to the module, each unit comprising a unitary housing extending a length or width of the module, which housing comprises: contact means for receiving direct current from the module; one or more direct current-to-alternating current inverters; an alternating current bus; and contact means for receiving alternating current from the one or more inverters.

  13. Current Annualized Request

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orAChiefAppropriation FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 Current

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis emerging trends Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 22 Energy Analysis Department Demand Response National Trends:Demand Response National Trends Summary: Energy Analysis Department...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology trend Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    trend Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced technology trend Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GLOBAL ISSUES IN NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT...

  16. Letting The Sun Shine On Solar Costs: An Empirical Investigation Of Photovoltaic Cost Trends In California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Cappers, Peter; Margolis, Robert

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INVESTIGATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC COST TRENDS IN CALIFORNIA RyanInvestigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California”,cost of customer-sited, grid-connected solar photovoltaic (

  17. Energy Spectrum of the Electrons Accelerated by a Reconnection Electric Field: Exponential or Power Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Liu; P. F. Chen; M. D. Ding; C. Fang

    2009-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test-particle simulations of electron acceleration in a reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that the DC electric field alone might not be able to reproduce the observed single or double power-law distributions.

  18. Current Testbed Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014|Current Test Procedure

  19. Current Transmission Rates

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014|Current Test

  20. Electric motors: Markets, trends, and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric motors play an important role in nearly all sectors of the US economy. Typical motor applications range from air conditioning and appliances in the residential sector, to cooling and space heating in the commercial sector, to materials handling and processing in the industrial sectors. Motors in the residential sector consumed nearly 352 billion kilowatthours (BkWh) in 1985, in the commercial sector 279 BkWh, and the industrial sector 552 BkWh. Approximately 87% of electric motor electricity use in the industrial sector was consumed in manufacturing processes, while the process industries consumed more than half of the manufacturing sector's electric motor electricity use. The total motor population in all sectors in 1987 stood just shy of 1.02 billion, 90% of which are less than one horsepower (HP) in size. An increasing percentage of the motor population is comprised of high efficiency motors, as classified by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). High efficiency motors offer end-users greater energy and cost savings than do their standard efficiency counterparts. This report provides an overview of the history of the electric motor, a brief description of the electromechanical theory behind motor operations, and offers a statistical review of the size and distribution of the electric motor market. The report also presents data on sector motor electricity use, describes current and potential motor application opportunities, and details areas in which further research and development may be needed.

  1. HEMISPHERIC HELICITY TREND FOR SOLAR CYCLE 24

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hao Juan; Zhang Mei, E-mail: haojuan@nao.cas.cn [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, A20 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using vector magnetograms obtained with the Spectro-polarimeter (SP) on board Hinode satellite, we studied two helicity parameters (local twist and current helicity) of 64 active regions that occurred in the descending phase of solar cycle 23 and the ascending phase of solar cycle 24. Our analysis gives the following results. (1) The 34 active regions of the solar cycle 24 follow the so-called hemispheric helicity rule, whereas the 30 active regions of the solar cycle 23 do not. (2) When combining all 64 active regions as one sample, they follow the hemispheric helicity sign rule as in most other observations. (3) Despite the so-far most accurate measurement of vector magnetic field given by SP/Hinode, the rule is still weak with large scatters. (4) The data show evidence of different helicity signs between strong and weak fields, confirming previous result from a large sample of ground-based observations. (5) With two example sunspots we show that the helicity parameters change sign from the inner umbra to the outer penumbra, where the sign of penumbra agrees with the sign of the active region as a whole. From these results, we speculate that both the {Sigma}-effect (turbulent convection) and the dynamo have contributed in the generation of helicity, whereas in both cases turbulence in the convection zone has played a significant role.

  2. Report for Treating Hanford LAW and WTP SW Simulants: Pilot Plant Mineralizing Flowsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arlin Olson

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy is responsible for managing the disposal of radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the Hanford site in Washington State. The Hanford waste treatment and immobilization plant (WPT) will separate the waste into a small volume of high level waste (HLW), containing most of the radioactive constituents, and a larger volume of low activity waste (LAW), containing most of the non-radioactive chemical and hazardous constituents. The HLW and LAW will be converted into immobilized waste forms for disposal. Currently there is inadequate LAW vitrification capacity planned at the WTP to complete the mission within the required timeframe. Therefore additional LAW capacity is required. One candidate supplemental treatment technology is the fluidized bed steam reformer process (FBSR). This report describes the demonstration testing of the FBSR process using a mineralizing flowsheet for treating simulated Hanford LAW and secondary waste from the WTP (WTP SW). The FBSR testing project produced leach-resistant solid products and environmentally compliant gaseous effluents. The solid products incorporated normally soluble ions into an alkali alumino-silicate (NaS) mineral matrix. Gaseous emissions were found to be within regulatory limits. Cesium and rhenium were captured in the mineralized products with system removal efficiencies of 99.999% and 99.998 respectively. The durability and leach performance of the FBSR granular solid were superior to the low activity reference material (LMR) glass standards. Normalized product consistency test (PCT) release rates for constituents of concern were approximately 2 orders of magnitude less than that of sodium in the Hanford glass [standard].

  3. Power-law spatial dispersion from fractional Liouville equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

  4. Thermodynamic laws beyond free energy relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic laws, that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and entanglement theory.

  5. Conservation Laws of Random Matrix Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas M. Ercolani

    2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an overview of the derivation and significance of recently derived conservation laws for the matrix moments of Hermitean random matrices with dominant exponential weights that may be either even or odd. This is based on a detailed asymptotic analysis of the partition function for these unitary ensembles and their scaling limits. As a particular application we derive closed form expressions for the coefficients of the genus expansion for the associated free energy in a particular class of dominant even weights. These coefficients are generating functions for enumerating g-maps, related to graphical combinatorics on Riemann surfaces. This generalizes and resolves a 30+ year old conjecture in the physics literature related to quantum gravity.

  6. Commercial Feedings Stuffs 1913: Feed Law.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, B.

    1914-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    466-414-30m TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION B u l l e t in Bul eti A p r i l , 1914 FEED CONTROL SERVICE Commercial Feeding Stuffs 1913 FEED LAW nAprA,,E.Hs .uLLJaJ pRTRSuWm KyTouP .uCWRhm rJgTPl 3AB KA0.0OMBBIFABHp .Alm nd...EBrHdpm MfprEBm rH1Mp AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS . 9 T y L J P n C y h J T y m President Pro Tern. rH1Mp M4dE.fxrfdMx H1nHdEOHBr prMrEAB BOARD OF DIRECTORS Hl Kl . CP9SWam Presidentm Gu...

  7. A Legal Options Approach to EC Company Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hertig, Gerard; McCahery, Joseph A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005), Enforcement of Corporate Governance Codes, ECGI LawETH Zurich). Professor of Corporate Governance and BusinessVisiting Professor of Corporate Governance at the Solvay

  8. Decolonizing Copyright Law: Learning from the Jamaican Street Dance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, Larisa K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    becomes salient: Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum's "with philosopher Amartya Sen, in relation to welfareLaw 18 (2011): 447–631. Sen, Amartya Kumar. Development as

  9. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  10. Preemptive Strike: Law in the Campaign for Clean Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the focus was on health care reform, the coalition sought toenactment of Obama’s health care reform law in March 2010

  11. Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.

  12. Wind Energy Technology Trends: Comparing and Contrasting Recent Cost and Performance Forecasts (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Hand, M.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Poster depicts wind energy technology trends, comparing and contrasting recent cost and performance forecasts.

  13. Downloading Competition Law from a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA): A New Strategy to Introduce Competion Law in Bolivia and Ecuador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcos, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El derecho de la competencia en Bolivia”, Rev. Derecho de laal Consumidor. Casos de Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador,INTRODUCE COMPETITION LAW IN BOLIVIA AND ECUADOR Francisco

  14. Oscillatory nonohomic current drive for maintaining a plasma current

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisch, N.J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus and methods are described for maintaining a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

  15. PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Schechter

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

  16. Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional Differences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natural Marketing Institute, Harleysville, Pennsylvania

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data in this report are taken from Natural Marketing Institute's (NMI's) Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability Consumer Trends Database. Created in 2002, the syndicated consumer database contains responses from 2,000 to 4,000 nationally representative U.S. adults (meaning the demographics of the sample are consistent with U.S. Census findings) each year. NMI used the database to analyze consumer attitudes and behavior related to renewable energy and to update previously conducted related research. Specifically, this report will explore consumer awareness, concerns, perceived benefits, knowledge of purchase options, and usage of renewable energy as well as provide regional comparisons and trends over time.

  17. Controlling the Momentum Current of an Off-resonant Ratchet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. K. Shrestha; J. Ni; W. K. Lam; S. Wimberger; G. S. Summy

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally investigate the phenomenon of a quantum ratchet created by exposing a Bose-Einstein Condensate to short pulses of a potential which is periodic in both space and time. Such a ratchet is manifested by a directed current of particles, even though there is an absence of a net bias force. We confirm a recent theoretical prediction [M. Sadgrove and S. Wimberger, New J. Phys. \\textbf{11}, 083027 (2009)] that the current direction can be controlled by experimental parameters which leave the underlying symmetries of the system unchanged. We demonstrate that this behavior can be understood using a single variable containing many of the experimental parameters and thus the ratchet current is describable using a single universal scaling law.

  18. Circulating current battery heater

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ashtiani, Cyrus N. (West Bloomfield, MI); Stuart, Thomas A. (Toledo, OH)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A circuit for heating energy storage devices such as batteries is provided. The circuit includes a pair of switches connected in a half-bridge configuration. Unidirectional current conduction devices are connected in parallel with each switch. A series resonant element for storing energy is connected from the energy storage device to the pair of switches. An energy storage device for intermediate storage of energy is connected in a loop with the series resonant element and one of the switches. The energy storage device which is being heated is connected in a loop with the series resonant element and the other switch. Energy from the heated energy storage device is transferred to the switched network and then recirculated back to the battery. The flow of energy through the battery causes internal power dissipation due to electrical to chemical conversion inefficiencies. The dissipated power causes the internal temperature of the battery to increase. Higher internal temperatures expand the cold temperature operating range and energy capacity utilization of the battery. As disclosed, either fixed frequency or variable frequency modulation schemes may be used to control the network.

  19. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  20. Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority- May 1, 2009

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Investigation allegations that contractor procetive force personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative ,regulatory, and policy-based authority by providing on-duty, armed off-site assistance to local law enforcement authorites during other than recapture/recovery operations, and by accessing the local law enforcement database for background checks during the course of on-site administrative traffic stops.

  1. Changing patent laws could be a healthy move

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Daniel

    products. This investment is usually protected for 15 years after patent acceptance. However, by the time to address this paradox without a lateral approach, such as altering patent laws internationally and reducingChanging patent laws could be a healthy move to combat resistance Sir -- A contradiction exists

  2. Two samples test for discrete power-law distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessi, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power-law distributions occur in wide variety of physical, biological, and social phenomena. In this paper, we propose a statistical hypothesis test based on the log-likelihood ratio to assess whether two samples of discrete data are drawn from the same power-law distribution.

  3. Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen School of Mathematics University the influence of human vi­ sion psychology. Weber's Law in psychology and psychophysics claims that hu­ man [Physica D, 60:259­268, 1992]. We study the issues of existence and uniqueness for the pro­ posed Weberized

  4. Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations

  5. StudyAbroad@Exeter University of Connecticut School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    of Connecticut School of Law cost about $35-40. The Law School is 16 miles from Bradley International Airport is the capital of Connecticut and is equal distance between New York City and Boston and it is relatively easy to travel to both cities by bus. Travel Upon arriving in Hartford, you will be met at the airport or bus

  6. StudyAbroad@Exeter University of Connecticut School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    of Connecticut School of Law cost about $35-45. The Law School is 16 miles from Bradley International Airport is the capital of Connecticut and is equal distance between New York City and Boston and it is relatively easy to travel to both cities by bus. Travel Upon arriving in Hartford, you will be met at the airport or bus

  7. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  8. Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld

    2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.

  9. Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon

    2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.

  10. A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean Tad W. Patzek Department@mail.utexas.edu April 13, 2009 Abstract A proper First Law energy balance of the soybean biodiesel cycle shows that the overall efficiency of biodiesel production is 0.18, i.e., only 1 in 5 parts of the solar energy

  11. Entropy Calculations and the Third Law of Thermodynamics Chemistry 223

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    Entropy Calculations and the Third Law of Thermodynamics Chemistry 223 1. Entropy Calculations I We heat of fusion, sublimation, or vaporization) is added to the system, with no resulting change, 2014 #12;Entropy Calculations and the Third Law -2- Chemistry 223 STiT f = T0 Ti CP,i(T, P, N) T d

  12. Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM) Requirements on a topic related to energy or clean technology law through one of the courses listed below that requires Science / Technology Finance & Energy Business · Energy Regulation & Environmen ergy (1) t (3

  13. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics, practicing environmental attorneys, and non. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  14. The fundamental properties of current controlled current source amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terry, Michael Buford

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis studies the fundamental properties of current controlled current source (CCCS) amplifiers for use in a wide bandwidth voltage gain application. Theoretical expressions are derived which describe the p'erformance of the CCCS in terms of circuit... of this research was to conduct a theoretical and experimental study of the fundamental properties of Current Controlled Current Source (CCCS) amplifiers. Of particular interest was the bandwidth independence on the closed loop voltage gain of the CCCS used...

  15. Stray current interference control for HVDC earth currents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzgerald, J.H. III [PSG Corrosion Engineering/Corrpro Cos., Detroit, MI (United States); Kroon, D.H. [Corrpro Companies Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines exist around the world, with several in the US. When one conductor must be taken out of operation (in case of emergency), the earth may be used as an alternate conductor. The earth current may be accumulated on and discharged from underground metallic structures that cross the voltage gradient created by the current. Test results on two lines showed that stray current interference is not a major problem if mitigated properly.

  16. A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

  17. Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliazar, Iddo I., E-mail: eliazar@post.tau.ac.il [Holon Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102 (Israel); Cohen, Morrel H., E-mail: mcohen@physics.rutgers.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.

  18. The Ultimate Law of Social Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overlander, Jacob Alphaeus

    1901-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 THE ULTIf'ATE LAW OF SOCIAL E7GLUTI0?-T. I n de termin ing the u n d e r l y i n g force? o f the s o c i a l organism, t h e o r i s t s and s c i e n t i... s t s have become i n v o l v e d i n q u e r i e s exceed ing ly p r o ­ b l e m a t i c a l . One r e l i e s upon B c e r t a i n c o n d i t i o n o f f a c t s andvo i rcumstan- ces to f i x and e s t a b l i s h what hp deems the on lv p o s s i b l e...

  19. Structural and bonding trends in platinum-carbon clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Thomas F

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . Trends in stability, Pt+-Cx binding energy, doublet-quartet excitation energy, and Pt-C bond lengths were investigated. Explanations for these patterns are provided in terms of orbital interactions and changes imposed on the carbon-chain by the metal...

  20. Unsupervised Trend Extraction for Prognostics and Condition Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    can be classified into three categories 1) Breakdown maintenance, 2) Preventive maintenance and 3.Mosallam@femto-st.fr e-mail: First Name.Last Name@ens2m.fr Abstract: Maintenance is becoming more expensive nowadays due as to use such trend in machinery health monitoring and maintenance needs. The proposed method does

  1. A Comprehensive Survey of Trends in Oracles for Software Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMinn, Phil

    therefore find ourselves in a position where the automated generation of test inputs is increasingly being. Of course, one might hope that the software under test has been developed with respect to excellent design-for-test1 A Comprehensive Survey of Trends in Oracles for Software Testing Mark Harman, Phil Mc

  2. CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    0-5538-P2 CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS Robert Harrison Nathan. At present, four Texas deep-water ports rank in the top 10 U.S water ports by shipment weight given by the Project Director, Raul Cantu, P.E., (TPP) and Program Coordinator, Mario Medina, P.E., (LRD

  3. Heroin Users in Australia: Population Trends C. Yalin Kaya1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaya, Yalcin

    Heroin Users in Australia: Population Trends C. Yalçin Kaya1 , Yuliya Tugai2 , Jerzy A. Filar3 Australia (UniSA), Mawson Lakes, S. A. 5095 Australia. Contact E-mail: yalcin.kaya@unisa.edu.au . 2 Research Australia (DASC, SA). 6 Manager, Evidence-Based Practice Unit, DASC, SA. 7 Senior Evaluation Officer, DASC

  4. Emerging Trends in Failures Involving EPS-Block Geofoam Fills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    Emerging Trends in Failures Involving EPS-Block Geofoam Fills John S. Horvath, Ph.D., P.E., M.ASCE1 Abstract: Expanded polystyrene EPS is a closed-cell polymeric "plastic" foam that, in its generic block is due to the fact that block-molded EPS is unique among geofoam products for the large and diverse

  5. Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http://www.unece.org/trade for energy is expected to increase · Trade of wood products is also expected to increase · COMPETITION is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different

  6. Integrating PV into Performance Contracts: Barriers and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    value chain includes the technology's value as a peak-shaving and load management tool, as a sourceIntegrating PV into Performance Contracts: Barriers and Trends Wilson Rickerson Center for Energy incorporated photovoltaic (PV) systems as part of an overall building energy service strategy. This paper

  7. Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas Irrigation is critical to our food production and food security and is a vital component of Texas' productive agricultural economy.Texas ranks third in the United States in both agricultural acres irrigated and irrigation water applied. Significant advances

  8. Wood Engineering Education Trends and Challenges Rakesh Gupta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Dan

    Wood Engineering Education ­ Trends and Challenges Rakesh Gupta1 and Vijaya Gopu2 1 Member ASCE, Associate Professor, Department of Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis of the factors impacting the wood engineering/design education in the U.S. has been presented. The actions

  9. Trends in Regional Electricity Demands 1995-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Department of Energy in EIA form 861. Council staff takes annual reported retail sales by each utility. Street lighting sales are not metered but rather estimated . 10 #12;Losses are Defined as Energy LoadsTrends in Regional Electricity Demands 1995-2012 January 29, 2014 #12;In Today's Conversation

  10. Spatial and Seasonal Trends in Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Mei

    Spatial and Seasonal Trends in Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosol Tracers and Water-Soluble Organic biogenic secondary organic aerosol (SOA) tracers via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC natural and anthropogenic sources and is dominated by terrestrial plant foliage (7). The global

  11. TREND Big Picture on Energy-Efficient Backbone Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    -wavelength photonic switching and Elastic Optical Networking (EON). From the energy perspective, data centers haveTREND Big Picture on Energy-Efficient Backbone Networks Esther Le Rouzic, Raluca-Maria Indre Orange Ye Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH, Germany {Jorge.vizcaino ; Yeyabin}@huawei.com Ward Van

  12. Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

  13. Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations Hilary W. Hoynes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations Hilary W. Hoynes Department of Economics, UC Davis 9, 2005 This paper was prepared for a symposium on poverty for the Journal of Economic Perspectives in real per capita GDP over the last three decades, the U.S. poverty rate has changed very little

  14. New Trends in the Use of Geosynthetics in Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    typically include both geosynthetics and earthen material components, (e.g. compacted clays for liners 1987) and to keep an upstream clay seepage control liner from dessicating in the Mission Dam (today1 New Trends in the Use of Geosynthetics in Environmental Applications Jorge G. Zornberg, Ph.D., P

  15. De-trending of turbulence measurements Kurt S. Hansen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , it is possible to estimate an approximate (linear) trend correction based on statistical data only. This paper, DK-2800 Lyngby; E-mail: ksh@mek.dtu.dk; Phone: +45 4525 4318 2 Risø National Laboratories - DTU, Wind Energy Department, P.O. 49, DK-4000 Roskilde; E-mail: gunner.larsen@risoe.dk; Phone: +45 4677 5056

  16. Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alderman, D. C. (DeForest Charles)

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley CONTENTS ......................................................................................................... Digest ...... 3... thousands of citrus trees and the growers were faced with a tremendous replanting program, which, in turn, had focused interest on varieties. Fruit production figures, yields per acre, and monetary returns per acre for five varieties of grapefruit...

  17. THE STRUCTURES OF THE EUROPEAN POULTRY INDUSTRY : THEIR TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE STRUCTURES OF THE EUROPEAN POULTRY INDUSTRY : THEIR TRENDS J. P. SINQUIN Chef de la Division �conomie à l'I. T. A. V. 1., 28, Rue du Rocher, 75008 Paris Among the agricultural productions, the poultry countries it is possible to follow very well the increase in the size of poultry produc- tion units owing

  18. 29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    provided by the Office for National Statistics on migra- tion of the employed by citizenship.They indicate29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001 International migration to and from the United Kingdom since 1975, with a particular focus on those in employment,and drew on many sources

  19. Nine Charts on Recent Trends in Employment Growth in Wisconsin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics ­the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages-- enables us to assess Nine Charts on Recent Trends in Employment #12; 2 The latest release of the most comprehensive and reliable state employment data from

  20. STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    1 STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS Rick Katz Institute of the validity of this analysis." -- Emil Gumbel #12;3 Outline (1) Introduction (2) Extreme Value Analysis under Stationarity: Classical Approach (3) Extreme Value Analysis under Stationarity: Modern Approach (4) Extreme

  1. OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates

  2. From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...

  3. Manpower trends and training requirements for radiation protection personnel in the DOE contractor system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trice, J.

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reports results of a survey undertaken jointly by the Office of Nuclear Safety and the Office of Industrial Relations, US Department of Energy, with assistance from Oak Ridge Associated Universities. The purpose of the survey was twofold: (1) to determine the current status and recent trends in technician-level radiation safety manpower among DOE contractors; and (2) to document the scope of radiation safety training activities for radiation protection technicians and other workers within the DOE contractor system. Data reported here were obtained both by use of a formal written questionnaire completed by staff at 34 government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) nuclear facilities and through supplemental documentation obtained from contractors of training procedures and requirements. The first half of this report describes trends in radiation protection manpower and reports workforce characteristics of health physics technicians. The second half of the report describes program requirements and procedures in those facilities that conduct formal in-house training programs for their radiation protection workforces. 4 figures, 22 tables.

  4. Water Quality Trends in the Entiat River Subbasin: Final 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodsmith, Richard; Bookter, Andy [PNW Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Wenatchee, WA

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The ISEMP program monitors the status and trend of water quality elements that may affect restoration project effectiveness in the Entiat subbasin. As part of this effort, the PNW Research Station (PNW) measures, analyzes and interprets temporal trends in natural stream water pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity and temperature. The Entiat River is currently on the Clean Water Act 303(d) list for pH exceedence, and there is insufficient information to determine the spatial and temporal extent or potential causes of this exceedence. In the spring 2008, PNW redeployed data-logging, multiparameter probes at four locations in the Entiat subbasin to measure water quality parameters, focusing on pH. This resumed previous data collection that was interrupted by river ice in early December 2007. Instruments were again removed from the river in early December 2008. This annual report covers the period from December 2007 through December 2008. The highest pH values occurred during the low-flow period from midsummer through the following midspring then dropped sharply during the annual snowmelt runoff period from late spring through early summer. Water temperature began rapidly increasing during the receding limb of the annual snowmelt hydrograph. Highest mean monthly temperatures occurred in July and August, while instantaneous maxima occurred during the period July-September. Dissolved oxygen reached its lowest levels during the period of highest water temperature in July-September. Specific conductivity remained very low at all sites throughout the year.

  5. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy

  6. Current emission trends for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds by month and state: Methodology and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohout, E.J.; Miller, D.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Rothman, D.S.; Saricks, C.L.; Stodolsky, F.; Hanson, D.A.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents estimates of monthly sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and nonmethane voltatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by sector, region, and state in the contiguous United States for the years 1975 through 1988. This work has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program`s Emissions and Controls Task Group by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The DOE project officer is Edward C. Trexler, DOE/FE Office of Planning and Environment.

  7. Current emission trends for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds by month and state: Methodology and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohout, E.J.; Miller, D.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Rothman, D.S.; Saricks, C.L.; Stodolsky, F.; Hanson, D.A.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents estimates of monthly sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and nonmethane voltatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by sector, region, and state in the contiguous United States for the years 1975 through 1988. This work has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program's Emissions and Controls Task Group by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The DOE project officer is Edward C. Trexler, DOE/FE Office of Planning and Environment.

  8. Second Symposium on ``Current trends in international fusion research: review and assessment`` Chairman`s summary of session

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Post, R.F.

    1998-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This session began with a keynote speech by B. Coppi of M.I.T., entitled: ``Physics of Fusion Burning Plasmas, Ignition, and Relevant Technology Issues.`` It continued with a second paper on the tokamak approach to fusion, presented by E. Mazzucato of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, entitled ``High Confinement Plasma Confinement Regime in TFTR Configurations with Reversed Magnetic Shear.`` The session continued with three talks discussing various aspects of the so-called ``Field Reversed Configuration`` (FRC), and concluded with a talk on a more general topic. The first of the three FRC papers, presented by J. Slough of the University of Washington, was entitled ``FRC Reactor for Deep Space Propulsion.`` This paper was followed by a paper by S. Goto of the Plasma Physics Laboratory of Osaka University in Japan, entitled ``Experimental Initiation of Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC) Toward Helium-3 Fusion.`` The third of the FRC papers, authored by H. Mimoto and Y. Tomito of the National Institute for Fusion Science, Nagoya, Japan, and presented by Y. Tomita was entitled ``Helium-3 Fusion Based on a Field-Reversed Configuration.`` The session was concluded with a paper presented by D. Ryutov of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory entitled: ``A User Facility for Research on Fusion Systems with Dense Plasmas.``

  9. Some Trends in Formal Methods Applications to Railway Signaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fokkink, Wan

    hand, railways have always had a very strong safety culture, based on simple fail-safe principles procedures, based on verification and validation, functional and safety assessment, and safety approval by the requirement, under applicable national and international laws, that safety-critical railway systems must

  10. Reversed field pinch current drive with oscillating helical fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farengo, Ricardo; Clemente, Roberto Antonio [Centro Atomico Bariloche e Instituto Balseiro, S.C. de Bariloche (8400), RN (Argentina); Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-970, Campinas, SP (Brazil)

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of oscillating helical magnetic fields to produce and sustain the toroidal and poloidal currents in a reversed field pinch (RFP) is investigated. A simple physical model that assumes fixed ions, massless electrons, and uniform density and resistivity is employed. Thermal effects are neglected in Ohm's law and helical coordinates are introduced to reduce the number of coupled nonlinear equations that must be advanced in time. The results show that it is possible to produce RFP-like magnetic field profiles with pinch parameters close to the experimental values. The efficiencies obtained for moderate resistivity, and the observed scaling, indicate that this could be a very attractive method for high temperature plasmas.

  11. Energy-momentum currents in Finsler/Kawaguchi Lagrangian formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takayoshi Ootsuka; Ryoko Yahagi; Muneyuki Ishida; Erico Tanaka

    2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We reformulate the standard Lagrangian formalism to a reparameterisation invariant Lagrangian formalism by means of Finsler and Kawaguchi geometry. In our formalism, various types of symmetries that appears in theories of physics are expressed geometrically by symmetries of Finsler (Kawaguchi) metric, and the conservation law of energy-momentum is a part of Euler-Lagrange equations. The application to scalar field, Dirac field, electromagnetic field and general relativity are discussed. By this formalism, we try to propose an alternative definition of energy-momentum current of gravity.

  12. Positive, Negative and Neutral Law of Universal Gravitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu Yuhua; Fu Anjie; Zhao Ge

    Abstract: According to the viewpoints of “one divides into two”, “one divides into three” (e.g. Neutrosophy) and “one divides into many”, at present there exist six kinds of matter in the universe altogether (one divides into six). If there exists the ordinary matter (called matter for short), there must exist its opposite. However there may exist more than one kind of its opposite, today the known opposites of matter may be the antimatter and dark matter; Other three kinds of matter are the neutral ones: the first neutral matter between matter and antimatter (Prof. Smarandache named it unmatter), the second neutral matter between matter and dark matter, and the third neutral matter between antimatter and dark matter. Similarly, if there exists the original “law of universal gravitation” (positive law of universal gravitation), there must exist its opposites (negative laws of universal gravitation), and the neutral ones (neutral laws of universal gravitation). According to this analysis, it is impossible to find the unified and ultimate gravitational theory. Key words: One divides into two; one divides into three; one divides into many; Neutrosophy; six kinds of matter; positive (original) law of universal gravitation; negative law of universal gravitation; neutral law of universal gravitation 1

  13. Anesthesia Practice and Clinical Trends in Interventional Radiology: A European Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haslam, Philip J.; Yap, Bernard [Department of Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Mueller, Peter R. [Department of Radiology, WHT220, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 32 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Lee, Michael J. [Department of Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School, Dublin 9 (Ireland)

    2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine current European practice in interventional radiology regarding nursing care, anesthesia, and clinical care trends.Methods: A survey was sent to 977 European interventional radiologists to assess the use of sedoanalgesia, nursing care, monitoring equipment, pre- and postprocedural care, and clinical trends in interventional radiology. Patterns of sedoanalgesia were recorded for both vascular and visceral interventional procedures. Responders rated their preferred level of sedoanalgesia for each procedure as follows: (a) awake/alert, (b) drowsy/arousable, (c) asleep/arousable, (d) deep sedation, and (e) general anesthesia. Sedoanalgesic drugs and patient care trends were also recorded. A comparison was performed with data derived from a similar survey of interventional practice in the United States.Results: Two hundred and forty-three of 977 radiologists responded (25%). The total number of procedures analyzed was 210,194. The majority (56%) of diagnostic and therapeutic vascular procedures were performed at the awake/alert level of sedation, 32% were performed at the drowsy/arousable level, and 12% at deeper levels of sedation. The majority of visceral interventional procedures were performed at the drowsy/arousable level of sedation (41%), 29% were performed at deeper levels of sedation, and 30% at the awake/alert level. In general, more sedoanalgesia is used in the United States. Eighty-three percent of respondents reported the use of a full-time radiology nurse, 67% used routine blood pressure/pulse oximetry monitoring, and 46% reported the presence of a dedicated recovery area. Forty-nine percent reported daily patient rounds, 30% had inpatient hospital beds, and 51% had day case beds.Conclusion: This survey shows clear differences in the use of sedation for vascular and visceral interventional procedures. Many, often complex, procedures are performed at the awake/alert level of sedation in Europe, whereas deeper levels of sedation are used in the United States. Trends toward making interventional radiology a clinical specialty are evident, with 51% of respondents having day case beds, and 30% having inpatient beds.

  14. Safety pharmacology — Current and emerging concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamdam, Junnat; Sethu, Swaminathan; Smith, Trevor; Alfirevic, Ana; Alhaidari, Mohammad [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Atkinson, Jeffrey [Lorraine University Pharmacolor Consultants Nancy PCN (France); Ayala, Mimieveshiofuo; Box, Helen; Cross, Michael [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Delaunois, Annie [UCB Pharma (Belgium); Dermody, Ailsa; Govindappa, Karthik [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Guillon, Jean-Michel [Sanofi-aventis (France); Jenkins, Rosalind [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Kenna, Gerry [Astra-Zeneca (United Kingdom); Lemmer, Björn [Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (Germany); Meecham, Ken [Huntingdon Life Sciences (United Kingdom); Olayanju, Adedamola [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Pestel, Sabine [Boehringer-Ingelheim (Germany); Rothfuss, Andreas [Roche (Switzerland); and others

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Safety pharmacology (SP) is an essential part of the drug development process that aims to identify and predict adverse effects prior to clinical trials. SP studies are described in the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) S7A and S7B guidelines. The core battery and supplemental SP studies evaluate effects of a new chemical entity (NCE) at both anticipated therapeutic and supra-therapeutic exposures on major organ systems, including cardiovascular, central nervous, respiratory, renal and gastrointestinal. This review outlines the current practices and emerging concepts in SP studies including frontloading, parallel assessment of core battery studies, use of non-standard species, biomarkers, and combining toxicology and SP assessments. Integration of the newer approaches to routine SP studies may significantly enhance the scope of SP by refining and providing mechanistic insight to potential adverse effects associated with test compounds. - Highlights: • SP — mandatory non-clinical risk assessments performed during drug development. • SP organ system studies ensure the safety of clinical participants in FiH trials. • Frontloading in SP facilitates lead candidate drug selection. • Emerging trends: integrating SP-Toxicological endpoints; combined core battery tests.

  15. Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Program Current Awards Current Awards Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) Program Current Awards Under Construction...

  16. Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Laser User Facilities Program Current Awards Current Awards National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Current Awards Under Construction...

  17. A Unifying Theory for Scaling Laws of Human Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Henry W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The spatial distribution of people exhibits clustering across a wide range of scales, from household (~$10^{-2}$ km) to continental (~$10^4$ km) scales. Empirical data indicates simple power-law scalings for the size distribution of cities (known as Zipf's law), the geographic distribution of friends, and the population density fluctuations as a function of scale. We derive a simple statistical model that explains all of these scaling laws based on a single unifying principle involving the random spatial growth of clusters of people on all scales. The model makes important new predictions for the spread of diseases and other social phenomena.

  18. A second-law analysis of thermoelastic damping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milligan, Kenneth Bryan

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    experienced by the SAS, Err and Etr are the relaxed and unrelaxed moduli, respectively, 4t is the viscosity of the dashpot (cr = rig), and r, is the relaxation time under constant strain. Zener's solution for thermoelastic damping is CdT 1+ (s4r) 2xor... EI pA Kinematics s~g = ? px where 0 V a =? Ogs Thermoelastic Hooke's Law a = E [E ? cr (T ? T, )] (19) or = ? + cr(T ? T, ) Fourier Law of Heat Conduction OT q= ? k- Oy First Law of Thermodynamics Ov OE Oq p ? =a, ? * Ot Bt By (21...

  19. Nonlocal conservation laws and related Bäcklund transformations via reciprocal transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen-Yue Lou

    2014-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A set of infinitely many nonlocal conservation laws are revealed for (1+1)-dimensional evolution equations. For some special known integrable systems, say, the KdV and Dym equations, it is found that different nonlocal conservation laws can lead to same new integrable systems via reciprocal transformation. On the other hand, it can be considered as one solution of the new model obtained via reciprocal transformation(s) can be changed to different solutions of the original model. The fact indicates also that two or more different (local and nonlocal) conservation laws can be used to find implicit auto-B\\"acklund transformations via reciprocal transformation to other systems.

  20. School of Law Catalog 2008-2009 Vol. 2009, No. 2, June 30, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    School of Law Catalog 2008-2009 Vol. 2009, No. 2, June 30, 2008 Periodical postage paid at Lawrence ........................................................ 3 The University of Kansas Administration .................................. 3 School of Law Administration ...................................................... 3 The School of Law and Its Programs

  1. Certificate of Specialization in Clean Technology Law Requirements, Effective 20102011 Academic Year

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Certificate of Specialization in Clean Technology Law Requirements, Effective 20102011): Finance & Energy Business IP, Entrepreneurship & Energy Science / Technology Environmental Law) · Technologies for Sustainable Societies (Civil Engineering, 3) · Administrative Law (4) · California

  2. Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, H.J.

    1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter are disclosed for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time. 9 figs.

  3. Dynamic intrahousehold bargaining, matrimonial property law and suicide in Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Christopher; Hoddinott, John; Ligon, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROPERTY LAW AND SUICIDE IN CANADA Gar?nkel, B. and H.Economy 82, 83–98. Health and Welfare Canada (1989).Suicide in canada. Technical report, National Task Force on

  4. Uniform Laws of Large Numbers Carlos C. Rodriguez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Carlos

    Uniform Laws of Large Numbers Carlos C. Rodr´iguez http://omega.albany.edu:8008/ September 30, 2004 of probability theory. It was discovered for the case of random coin flips by James Bernoulli at around 1700

  5. Presumption of Noninfringement: Amending the Law on Educational Fair Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurman, Diane

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Law Review, 74, 617-655. Sony v. Universal City Studios, 464Court, in the case of Sony v. Universal City Studios,rigid bright-line approach” (Sony v. Universal City Studios,

  6. SCALING LAW FOR THE IMPACT OF MAGNET FRINGE FIELDS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEI,J.; PAPAPHILIPPOU,Y.; TALMAN,R.

    2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A general scaling law can be derived for the relative momentum deflection produced on a particle beam by fringe fields, to leading order. The formalism is applied to two concrete examples, for magnets having dipole and quadrupole symmetry. During recent years, the impact of magnet fringe fields is becoming increasingly important for rings of relatively small circumference but large acceptance. A few years ago, following some heuristic arguments, a scaling law was proposed [1], for the relative deflection of particles passing through a magnet fringe-field. In fact, after appropriate expansion of the magnetic fields in Cartesian coordinates, which generalizes the expansions of Steffen [2], one can show that this scaling law is true for any multipole magnet, at leading order in the transverse coefficients [3]. This paper intends to provide the scaling law to estimate the impact of fringe fields in the special cases of magnets with dipole and quadrupole symmetry.

  7. COURSE OUTLINE ENV 399 Special Topic: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with specific environmental issues such as pollution, toxic substances, water management, fisheries, forestry the environment and its implications for environmental law; Aboriginal role in environmental management; local planning, urban planning and growth management). 6. Environmental Assessment ­ The basic framework

  8. Changing Demographics in Latvia by Changing Ethnic Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Zachary L.

    2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines language and citizenship laws in Latvia to determine how they have been used to change Latvia's internal ethnic identity and external geopolitical relations. A discourse analysis of two of the region's major news sources...

  9. Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3...

  10. mer School of Law faculty member Sumner M.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    that will kick-start the construction of an addition to LAW's main tower on the Charles River Campus. "On behalf assistant at the time, went on to become general counsel of National Amusements, the theatrical exhibition

  11. Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihail, Milena

    1 Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs Milena Mihail Amin Saberi Prasad Tetali Georgia Institute of Technology Email: mihail, saberi¡ @cc.gatech.edu tetali@math.cc.gatech.edu Abstract

  12. Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes...

  13. Welcoming the Outsider: Local Construction of the Law towards Immigrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Linda M.

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the local construction of law on the street regarding immigrants. Local agencies play a key role in immigration enforcement and in providing services to immigrants. They are increasingly the face ...

  14. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  15. Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota law provides for the creation of solar and wind easements for solar and wind-energy systems. As in many other states, these easements are voluntary contracts. However, unlike similar...

  16. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York's real property laws allow for the creation of solar easements. Like those in many other states, these are voluntary contracts which must be entered into in order to ensure uninterrupted...

  17. Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law is relevant to all natural gas and/or biofuel projects. Compressed Natural Gas CNG, petroleum product and/or alternative dealers must apply for...

  18. LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE WILLIAM P. QUIGLEY* Dear Bridgette: I am. For further reading on this topic, see William P. Quigley, Revolution- ary Lawyering: Addressing the Root

  19. EV Charging Through Wireless Power Transfer: Analysis of Efficiency Optimization and Technology Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, John M [ORNL; Rakouth, Heri [Delphi Automotive Systems, USA; Suh, In-Soo [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is aimed at reviewing the technology trends for wireless power transfer (WPT) for electric vehicles (EV). It also analyzes the factors affecting its efficiency and describes the techniques currently used for its optimization. The review of the technology trends encompasses both stationary and moving vehicle charging systems. The study of the stationary vehicle charging technology is based on current implementations and on-going developments at WiTricity and Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). The moving vehicle charging technology is primarily described through the results achieved by the Korean Advanced Institute of Technology (KAIST) along with on-going efforts at Stanford University. The factors affecting the efficiency are determined through the analysis of the equivalent circuit of magnetic resonant coupling. The air gap between both transmitting and receiving coils along with the magnetic field distribution and the relative impedance mismatch between the related circuits are the primary factors affecting the WPT efficiency. Currently the industry is looking at an air gap of 25 cm or below. To control the magnetic field distribution, Kaist has recently developed the Shaped Magnetic Field In Resonance (SMFIR) technology that uses conveniently shaped ferrite material to provide low reluctance path. The efficiency can be further increased by means of impedance matching. As a result, Delphi's implementation of the WiTricity's technology exhibits a WPT efficiency above 90% for stationary charging while KAIST has demonstrated a maximum efficiency of 83% for moving vehicle with its On Line Vehicle (OLEV) project. This study is restricted to near-field applications (short and mid-range) and does not address long-range technology such as microwave power transfer that has low efficiency as it is based on radiating electromagnetic waves. This paper exemplifies Delphi's work in powertrain electrification as part of its innovation for the real world program geared toward a safer, greener and more connected driving. Moreover, it draws from and adds to Dr. Andrew Brown Jr.'s SAE books 'Active Safety and the Mobility Industry', 'Connectivity and Mobility Industry', and 'Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry'. Magnetic resonant coupling is the foundation of modern wireless power transfer. Its efficiency can be controlled through impedance matching and magnetic field shaping. Current implementations use one or both of these control methods and enable both stationary and mobile charging with typical efficiency within the 80% and 90% range for an air gap up to 25 cm.

  20. Ionization tube simmer current circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinkraus, Jr., Robert F. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current.

  1. Ionization tube simmer current circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinkraus, R.F. Jr.

    1994-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current. 6 figures.

  2. Efficient, Inexpensive Motors: A New Trend in The Motors Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wroblewksi, R. G.

    EFFICIENT, INEXPENSIVE MOTORS: A NEW TREND IN THE MOTORS MARKET Ronald G. Wroblewski, P.E. Trainer and Consultant ABSTRACT The Consortiwn for Energy Efficiency (CEE) has established criteria for premium-efficiency motors above the EPACf... standard. CEE has set a wrifonn efficiency benchmark that all market players (manufacturers, utilities, and end-users) can use. Some end-users however, have been reluctant to specify these motors because they think they are too expensive...

  3. Perturbed Power-law parameters from WMAP7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minu Joy; Tarun Souradeep

    2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices, in contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  4. Perturbed Power-law parameters from WMAP7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joy, Minu

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices, in contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  5. Field Equations and Conservation Laws in the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Legare; J. W. Moffat

    1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The field equations in the nonsymmetric gravitational theory are derived from a Lagrangian density using a first-order formalism. Using the general covariance of the Lagrangian density, conservation laws and tensor identities are derived. Among these are the generalized Bianchi identities and the law of energy-momentum conservation. The Lagrangian density is expanded to second-order, and treated as an ``Einstein plus fields'' theory. From this, it is deduced that the energy is positive in the radiation zone.

  6. Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyfitz, Barbara

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.

  7. Physical process first law and caustic avoidance for Rindler horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srijit Bhattacharjee; Sudipta Sarkar

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the perturbation induced by a slowly rotating massive object as it passes through a Rindler horizon. It is shown that the passage of this object can be approximately modeled as Delta\\,function type tidal distortions hitting the horizon. Further, following the analysis presented by Amsel, Marolf and Virmani related to the issue of the validity of physical process first law, we establish a condition on the size of the object so that this law holds for the Rindler horizon.

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - admit conservation laws Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    admit conservation laws Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: admit conservation laws Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Comparing symmetries...

  9. A phenomenological multi-axial constitutive law for switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A phenomenological multi-axial constitutive law for switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric; accepted 30 January 2002 Abstract A phenomenological constitutive law for ferroelectric switching due

  10. Particle Detector / Beam Current Transformer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Particle Detector / Beam Current Transformer Analysis December 8, 2009 Harold G. Kirk #12;ShotSignal,A.U. Proton Bunch Number Beam Current Transformer - 17011 0 2 4 6 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Integrated Transformer Pump 187829 (au) Probe 196504 (au) Ratios: Beam Current 1.046 SF 1.019 2.9% difference #12;Shot

  11. A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.

  12. Web Science 2.0: Identifying Trends through Semantic Social Network Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gloor, Peter A.

    We introduce a novel set of social network analysis based algorithms for mining the Web, blogs, and online forums to identify trends and find the people launching these new trends. These algorithms have been implemented ...

  13. Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Ryan Wiser. 2009. “Wind Power Price Trends in the UnitedCarbon Trust. 2008. Offshore wind power: big challenge, bigAndrew. 2008. “Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. , and

  14. U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc...

  15. Anomalous-viscosity current drive

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stix, T.H.; Ono, M.

    1986-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for maintaining a steady-state current for magnetically confining the plasma in a toroidal magnetic confinement device using anomalous viscosity current drive. A second aspect of this invention relates to an apparatus and method for the start-up of a magnetically confined toroidal plasma.

  16. Trends in heavy metal concentrations in the Western and Central Baltic Sea waters detected by using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dippner, Joachim W.

    Trends in heavy metal concentrations in the Western and Central Baltic Sea waters detected by using 2003; accepted 10 October 2003 Abstract Heavy metal concentrations from annual sampling in the period water, negative trends appear in cadmium SPM, lead SPM, and zinc SPM. However, positive trends can

  17. IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, R. Douglas

    IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY by Eric Identifying Temporal Trends in Treated Sagebrush Communities Using Remotely Sensed Imagery by Eric D. Sant over time, brightness and greenness provided diagnostic trends and condition of treated big sagebrush

  18. The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    1 The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future Devin;2 The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future Devin Braun Ryan Endorf Stephen.3. Historical and Projected Fuel Use and Vehicle Miles Traveled Trends Section 2. Methodology Section 2

  19. Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric aerosol forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric, the positive trend is almost equal. We attained these results by scrutinizing clear-sky global solar radiation ratio of solar radiation were used for constraining the observed trends. Increased absorption

  20. Long-term Trends in Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover Raymond A. Assel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long-term Trends in Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover Raymond A. Assel OPEN FILE REPORT December Commonwealth Blvd. Ann Arbor, MI 48105 #12;Long-Term Trends in Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover Raymond A is to give a brief overview of nearshore and lake wide trends in Great Lakes ice cover over the past one