Sample records for trends current laws

  1. Smart Home Concepts: Current Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatesh, Alladi

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart Home Concepts: Current Trends Alladi Venkatesh Ph.D.developments concerning smart home technologies and theirNews (Southern Report): Smart homes and high-tech clothing

  2. Current trends in income statements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cass, Edwin Childers

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    years 2 000 000 sy&i~9 Earnings of' prior years transferred to capital stock account. ' 99 dr 124, 4452088 Accumulated. earnings invested in plant facilitlss and added to zorking oaptta1 at ead od' year . ~189 4'14 919 An example of' the second...~the ?clams surplus theory, ?2 . ?& the ?all-inclusive income statement", , = or ths. "historical approach" ~ . And those who favor tbs second belief' are said to accept ths ?eiarning* power approach", oz the "current opera- ?, 5 ting perf'ozmance concept...

  3. Current technologies and trends of aluminum design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Michael, 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A literature review of current aluminum technology in the building and construction industry was carried out. Aluminum is an ideal material for building in corrosive environments and for building structures where small ...

  4. TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law

  5. Current Trends in Gamma Ray Detection for Radiological Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

    2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies.

  6. Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director,

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPM | Department of Energy Current Trends in Policy -

  7. Current Trends in Gamma Radiation Detection for Radiological Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies. In recent years, since the establishment of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office by the Department of Homeland Security, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in detection materials (scintillators, semiconductors), imaging techniques (Compton imaging, use of active masking and hybrid imaging), data acquisition systems with digital signal processing, field programmable gate arrays and embedded isotopic analysis software (viz. gamma detector response and analysis software [GADRAS]1), fast template matching, and data fusion (merging radiological data with geo-referenced maps, digital imagery to provide better situational awareness). In this stride to progress, a significant amount of interdisciplinary research and development has taken place–techniques and spin-offs from medical science (such as x-ray radiography and tomography), materials engineering (systematic planned studies on scintillators to optimize several qualities of a good scintillator, nanoparticle applications, quantum dots, and photonic crystals, just to name a few). No trend analysis of radiation detection systems would be complete without mentioning the unprecedented strategic position taken by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime transportation–the so-called second line of defense.

  8. On the electrical current distributions for the generalized Ohm's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Pedro Ramirez Tachiquin

    2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper studies a particular class of analytic solutions for the Generalized Ohm's Law, approached by means of the so called formal powers of the Pseudoanalytic Function Theory. The reader will find a description of the electrical current distributions inside bounded domains, within inhomogeneous media, and their corresponding electric potentials near the boundary. Finally, it is described a technique for approaching separable-variables conductivity functions, a requisite when applying the constructive methods posed in this work.

  9. Current Trends in Cultural Customization and the Ecommerce Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Amanda

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    in regards to cultural markers, or interface design 13 elements that are predominant within a cultural group. In particular, they indicate colors, spatial organization, fonts, shapes, icons and metaphors, language, sounds, and motion as both cultural... as evaluating countries whose native language is written right- to-left. Research should also be performed across industries to discern any trends and patterns. 20 5 REFERENCES A de Souza, C. S. (2012). Semiotics: and Human?Computer Interaction. Encyclopedia of Human...

  10. CLOUD MANUFACTURING: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE TRENDS INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and integrating inter-organizational and heterogeneous services in CM environments. · Business Model: For CM to be embraced by service consumers and providers, current business models incorporate the concepts manufacturing resources to form temporary, reconfigurable production lines which enhance efficiency, reduce

  11. Current trends in the Advanced Bioindustry | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30,Crafty Gifts forHeavy-Duty DieselCurrent

  12. Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenny, W. F.

    The objectives of this paper are first, to summarize the kind of activity that has been going on since 1980 in the application of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas...

  13. Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiello, Marco

    Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend Giuliano Andrea Pagani and Marco, The Netherlands {g.a.pagani,m.aiello}@rug.nl Abstract. The energy sector, which has traditionally been to produce, deal and transport energy, and energy consumers are now in the position to also produce and trade

  14. Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Report for Latin America and the Caribbean 2007 (CARICOM, 2007) that regional development agencies haveRenewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history in the Caribbean. c We conduct a cost benefit analysis of four Caribbean renewable energy projects. c Results show

  15. Please cite as: Boynton, W.R. 1998. Chesapeake Bay eutrophication Current status, historical trends, nutrient limitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Please cite as: Boynton, W.R. 1998. Chesapeake Bay eutrophication Current status, historical trends NUTRIENTS WORKSHOP CHESAPEAKE BAY EUTROPHICATION: CURRENT STATUS, HISTORICAL TRENDS, NUTRIENT LIMITATION summarizes a portion of the eutrophication history of Chesapeake Bay, a large coastal plain estuary

  16. United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information regarding a wide range of technologies in a way that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information Information and Guidelines: United States Export Control Laws, on the CSU Export Control website (http://web.research.colostate.edu/OSP/export.aspx). 1. What are Export Controls? The United States government has a vested interest in protecting

  17. Scaling laws and minimum threshold currents for quantum-confined semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yariv, A.

    1988-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic scaling laws are derived for bulk, two-dimensional (quantum well) and one-dimensional (quantum wire) semiconductor lasers. Starting from quantum derivation of the optical properties of confined carriers, the dimensional dependencies of the scaling laws are made explicit. Threshold currents of approx.100 and 2--3 ..mu..A are predicted for single quantum well and quantum wire lasers, respectively. The basic considerations of this analysis were used recently to obtain ultralow threshold quantum well lasers (P. L. Derry, A. Yariv, K. Lau, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Lee, and J. Rosenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1773 (1987)).

  18. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keywords: Wind energy, renewable energy, cost trends,wind energy are projected to be relatively modest. Figure 6 shows the total estimated electric-sector costs

  19. Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?dimensional?impact?on?the?public?welfare,?local,?state,?and?federal?government?entities?play?a? significant?role?in?ensuring?the?industry?operates?efficiently?and?safely.?In?October?2006,?the?Government? Accountability?Office?(GAO)?released?a?report?on...? ? Current?Trends?and?Future?Challenges?in? the?Freight?Railroad?Industry Balancing?Private?Industry?Interests?and?the?Public?Welfare? ? ? ? Sarah?Allen? Kendra?Kelson? Hayden?Migl? Rodney?Schmidt? David?Shoemaker? Heather?Thomson? ? ? A?Report...

  20. c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee 3.4 CURRENT TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Deog Ki

    c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee 3.4 CURRENT TRENDS 3.4.1 COMPUTER INTEGRATED PROCESS MANAGEMENT 74 #12;c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee 3.4.2 MODEL control. 75 #12;c 1997 by Jay H. Lee, Jin Hoon Choi, and Kwang Soon Lee On-line Optimization Dependable on

  1. Assessment of Current Trends in Computer-aided Design and Manufacturing In The Furniture Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contemporary trends in manufacturing can be put under the general heading of concurrent engineering. This term into issues of keeping U.S. industry competitive in the global marketplace. Concurrent engineering is less and to look at how engineering graphics curriculums can evolve to help train engineers and technologists

  2. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    high levels of wind generation. Figure 5. Installed Windis that the increased wind generation offsets both coal andmuch higher levels of wind power generation than currently

  3. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, andWind Power Development in the United States: Current94720 Abstract: The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of

  4. 8th International Special Session on Current Trends in Numerical Simulation for Parallel Engineering Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trinitis, C; Bader, M; Schulz, M

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's world, the use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating practical problems in engineering and related disciplines. Significant progress in CPU architecture (multi- and many-core CPUs, SMT, transactional memory, virtualization support, shared caches etc.) system scalability, and interconnect technology, continues to provide new opportunities, as well as new challenges for both system architects and software developers. These trends are paralleled by progress in algorithms, simulation techniques, and software integration from multiple disciplines. In its 8th year, ParSim continues to build a bridge between application disciplines and computer science and to help fostering closer cooperations between these fields. Since its successful introduction in 2002, ParSim has established itself as an integral part of the EuroPVM/MPI conference series. In contrast to traditional conferences, emphasis is put on the presentation of up-to-date results with a short turn-around time. We believe that this offers a unique opportunity to present new aspects in this dynamic field and discuss them with a wide, interdisciplinary audience. The EuroPVM/MPI conference series, as one of the prime events in parallel computation, serves as an ideal surrounding for ParSim. This combination enables participants to present and discuss their work within the scope of both the session and the host conference. This year, five papers from authors in five countries were submitted to Par-Sim, and we selected three of them. They cover a range of different application fields including mechanical engineering, material science, and structural engineering simulations. We are confident that this resulted in an attractive special session and that this will be an informal setting for lively discussions as well as for fostering new collaborations. Several people contributed to this event. Thanks go to Jack Dongarra, the EuroPVM/MPI general chair, and to Jan Westerholm, Juha Fagerholm and Jussi Heikonen, the PC chairs, for their encouragement and support to continue the ParSim series at EuroPVM/MPI 2009. We would also like to thank the numerous reviewers, who provided us with their reviews in such a short amount of time (in most cases in just a few days) and thereby helped us to maintain the tight schedule. Last, but certainly not least, we would like to thank all those who took the time to submit papers and hence made this event possible in the first place. We are confident that this session will fulfill its purpose to provide new insights from both the engineering and the computer science side and encourages interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and cooperations, and that this will continue ParSim's tradition at EuroPVM/MPI.

  5. 6th International Special Session on Current Trends in Numerical Simulation for Parallel Engineering Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schulz, M; Trinitis, C

    2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's world, the use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating practical problems in engineering and related disciplines. Remarkable progress in CPU architecture (multi- and many-core, SMT, transactional memory, virtualization support, etc.), system scalability, and interconnect technology continues to provide new opportunities, as well as new challenges for both system architects and software developers. These trends are paralleled by progress in parallel algorithms, simulation techniques, and software integration from multiple disciplines. In its 6th year ParSim continues to build a bridge between computer science and the application disciplines and to help with fostering cooperations between the different fields. In contrast to traditional conferences, emphasis is put on the presentation of up-to-date results with a shorter turn-around time. This offers the unique opportunity to present new aspects in this dynamic field and discuss them with a wide, interdisciplinary audience. The EuroPVM/MPI conference series, as one of the prime events in parallel computation, serves as an ideal surrounding for ParSim. This combination enables the participants to present and discuss their work within the scope of both the session and the host conference. This year, ten papers with authors in ten countries were submitted to ParSim, and after a quick turn-around, yet thorough review process we decided to accept three of them for publication and presentation during the ParSim session. These three papers show the use of simulation in a range of different application fields including earthquake and turbulence simulation. At the same time, they also address computer science aspects and discuss different parallelization strategies, programming models and environments, as well as scalability. We are confident that this provides an attractive program and that ParSim will yet again be an informal setting for lively discussions and for fostering new collaborations. Several people contributed to this event. Thanks go to Jack Dongarra, the EuroPVM/MPI general chair, and to Thomas Herault and Franck Cappello, the PC chairs, for their support to continue the ParSim series at EuroPVM/MPI 2007. We would also like to thank the numerous reviewers, who provided us with their reviews in such a short amount of time (in most cases in just a few days) and thereby helped us to maintain the tight schedule. Last, but certainly not least, we would like to thank all those who took the time to submit papers and hence made this event possible in the first place. We are confident that this session will fulfill its purpose to provide new insights from both the engineering and the computer science side and encourages interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and cooperations. We hope that this will continue ParSim's tradition at EuroPVM/MPI.

  6. Climate Change Vulnerability and Resilience: Current Status and Trends for Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibarraran , Maria E.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Brenkert, Antoinette L.

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change alters different localities on the planet in different ways. The impact on each region depends mainly on the degree of vulnerability that natural ecosystems and human-made infrastructure have to changes in climate and extreme meteorological events, as well as on the coping and adaptation capacity towards new environmental conditions. This study assesses the current resilience of Mexico and Mexican states to such changes, as well as how this resilience will look in the future. In recent studies (Moss et al. 2000, Brenkert and Malone 2005, Malone and Brenket 2008, Ibarrarán et al. 2007), the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicators Model (VRIM) is used to integrate a set of proxy variables that determine the resilience of a region to climate change. Resilience, or the ability of a region to respond to climate variations and natural events that result from climate change, is given by its adaptation and coping capacity and its sensitivity. On the one hand, the sensitivity of a region to climate change is assessed, emphasizing its infrastructure, food security, water resources, and the health of the population and regional ecosystems. On the other hand, coping and adaptation capacity is based on the availability of human resources, economic capacity and environmental capacity.

  7. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  8. Current Trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanibbi, Richard

    in the industry, with a focus on local telephone companies and their customers. My thesis is that the big fish will eat the little fish, but enough fish will survive to provide more and better services at lower prices

  9. Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majós, Antonio Badía

    Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current-28871 Alcala´ de Henares, Spain Received 18 February 2004; accepted 11 March 2004 The induced electric field E x during magnetic flux entry in superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general

  10. Rigorous scaling law for the heat current in disordered harmonic chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Ajanki; F. Huveneers

    2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the energy current in a model of heat conduction, first considered in detail by Casher and Lebowitz. The model consists of a one-dimensional disordered harmonic chain of n i.i.d. random masses, connected to their nearest neighbors via identical springs, and coupled at the boundaries to Langevin heat baths, with respective temperatures T_1 and T_n. Let EJ_n be the steady-state energy current across the chain, averaged over the masses. We prove that EJ_n \\sim (T_1 - T_n)n^{-3/2} in the limit n \\to \\infty, as has been conjectured by various authors over the time. The proof relies on a new explicit representation for the elements of the product of associated transfer matrices.

  11. Current Short-Range Tests of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua C. Long; John C. Price

    2003-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated in large part by the possibility of observing signatures of compact extra dimensions, experimental searches for deviations from Newtonian gravity at short distances have improved in sensitivity by many orders of magnitude in the past five years. We review the essential features of the experiments responsible for the current limits on new effects in the range from a few microns to a few centimeters, and discuss prospects for the near future.

  12. Preliminary evaluation of the performance, water use, and current application trends of evaporative coolers in California climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Y.J.; Hanford, J.W.; Wu, H.F.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the latest results of an ongoing analysis investigating the potential for evaporative cooling as an energy-efficient alternative to standard air-conditioning in California residences. In particular, the study uses detailed numerical models of evaporative coolers linked with the DOE-2 building energy simulation program to study the issues of indoor comfort, energy and peak demand savings with and without supplemental air-conditioning and consumptive water use. In addition, limited surveys are used to assess the current market availability of evaporative cooling in California, typical contractor practices and costs, and general acceptance of the technology among engineers, contractors, and manufacturers. The results show that evaporative coolers can provide significant energy and peak demand savings in California residences, but the impact of the increased indoor humidity on human comfort remains an unanswered question that requires further research and clarification. Evaluated against ASHRAE comfort standards developed primarily for air-conditioning both direct and two-stage evaporative coolers would not maintain comfort at peak cooling conditions due to excessive humidity. However, using bioclimatic charts that place human comfort at the 80% relative humidity line, the study suggests that direct evaporative coolers will work in mild coastal climates, while two-stage models should provide adequate comfort in Title 24 houses throughout California, except in the Imperial Valley. The study also shows that evaporative coolers will increase household water consumption by less than 6% on an annual basis, and as much as 23% during peak cooling months, and that the increases in water cost are minimal compared to the electricity savings. Lastly, a survey of engineers and contractors revealed generally positive experiences with evaporative coolers, with operational cost savings, improved comfort, unproved air quality as the primary benefits in their use.

  13. Axial magnetic field and toroidally streaming fast ions in the dense plasma focus are natural consequences of conservation laws in the curved axisymmetric geometry of the current sheath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auluck, S K H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct measurement of axial magnetic field in the PF-1000 dense plasma focus (DPF), and its reported correlation with neutron emission, call for a fresh look at previous reports of existence of axial magnetic field component in the DPF from other laboratories, and associated data suggesting toroidal directionality of fast ions participating in fusion reactions, with a view to understand the underlying physics. In this context, recent work dealing with application of the hyperbolic conservation law formalism to the DPF is extended in this paper to a curvilinear coordinate system, which reflects the shape of the DPF current sheath. Locally-unidirectional shock propagation in this coordinate system enables construction of a system of 7 one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation law equations with geometric source terms, taking into account all the components of magnetic field and flow velocity. Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions for this system lead to expressions for the axial magnetic field and three components of ...

  14. Current trends in income statements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cass, Edwin Childers

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inancial st'atements (particularly published summaries) the use of tho comparative sheet is becoming more snd mors common?s . The development of the comparative statement is fortunate, . as such z sports sre of special value, , " A more recent...' . comparative statements? end it zzould certainly be desirable for companies generally, to oxhibit their earnings history fox' a pex iod of years?; Combined Income snd Sur lus Stat'ament The development of the combined income snd surplus state-- m ont...

  15. Current:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -KWatertowni5W 95.5x-L* d!Qwner contacted n

  16. Current:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -KWatertowni5W 95.5x-L* d!Qwner contacted

  17. Axial magnetic field and toroidally streaming fast ions in the dense plasma focus are natural consequences of conservation laws in the curved axisymmetric geometry of the current sheath

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auluck, S. K. H. [Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct measurement of axial magnetic field in the PF-1000 dense plasma focus (DPF), and its reported correlation with neutron emission, call for a fresh look at previous reports of existence of axial magnetic field component in the DPF from other laboratories, and associated data suggesting toroidal directionality of fast ions participating in fusion reactions, with a view to understand the underlying physics. In this context, recent work dealing with application of the hyperbolic conservation law formalism to the DPF is extended in this paper to a curvilinear coordinate system, which reflects the shape of the DPF current sheath. Locally unidirectional shock propagation in this coordinate system enables construction of a system of 7 one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation law equations with geometric source terms, taking into account all the components of magnetic field and flow velocity. Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions for this system lead to expressions for the axial magnetic field and three components of fluid velocity having high ion kinetic energy.

  18. 47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    47 Natural Gas Market Trends Chapter 5 NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS INTRODUCTION Natural gas discusses current natural gas market conditions in California and the rest of North America, followed on the outlook for demand, supply, and price of natural gas for the forecasted 20-year horizon. It also addresses

  19. Navigating Fragmented Ocean Law in the California Current: Tools to Identify and Measure Gaps and Overlaps for Ecosystem-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekstrom, Julia A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in California law between plankton and power plant. Sinceas of 2005, California had 388 power plants dependent on gasand power plant and carbon emission are also gaps for California

  20. Corporate Law's Current-Owner Bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fried, Jesse M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Owner Bias in Corporate Governance Jesse Fried * Boalt Hallmy conclusion that corporate governance arrangements choseninterventions in corporate governance through the securities

  1. Corporate Law's Current-Owner Bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fried, Jesse M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Owner Bias in Corporate Governance Jesse Fried * Boalt Hallmy conclusion that corporate governance arrangements choseninterventions in corporate governance through the securities

  2. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

    2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

  3. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431: Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

    2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the appendices to a companion report, prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

  4. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for gasoline, diesel and other petroleum products. This chapter provides an overview of world oil trends agreements on export routes have limited development. Petroleum production in the United States, including half of petroleum supplies to the United States. OPEC petroleum production also increased in 1994

  5. Survey of Trends in Search and Seizure Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonkovich, Emil A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In Ciraolo, police received a tip that the defendant was growing marijuana in his backyard. The backyard was completely enclosed by two tall fences. The police flew over the yard in public airspace and, without visual assistance, observed vegetation..., 143 (1978). 6 466 U.S. 170 (1QR^ 4 8 K A N S A S C R I M I N A L P R O C E D U R E R E V I E W [ V o l . 4 In Oliver, narcotics agents received reports that the defendant was raising marijuana on his farm. The agents conducted a warrantless search...

  6. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK INTERNATIONAL RÉSEAU INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT DE L´ENVIRONNEMENT INTERNATIONALES NETZWERK UMWELTRECHT EU Enforcement Policy of Community Environmental law as presented in the Commission Communication on implementing European Community Environmental law Marta Ballesteros The direct

  7. Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the phenomena largely responsible for the current mass extinction event, and patent law offers valuable assistance in combating each one. Though it cannot offer a complete solution to the biodiversity crisis, the patent system can offer powerful tools to help...

  8. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which mayTrends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 May 29, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This chap- ter rst

  9. Privatizing Public Interest Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graduation, she received a public interest law foundation grant to work in the consumer rights project

  10. Hierarchical models for estimating state and demographic trends in U.S. death penalty public opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    Hierarchical models for estimating state and demographic trends in U.S. death penalty public?" Because the death penalty is governed by state laws rather than federal laws, it is of special interest logistic regression model to estimate support for the death penalty as a function of the year, the state

  11. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  12. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

  13. International, National, and Virginia Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .............................................................................................................1 Global Coal Production and Consumption Trends ...................................................2.S. Electricity Generation....................................................................................15 U.S. Coal Consumption

  14. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

  15. 94 University of Virginia School of Law law school foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    roger h. Kimmel, Law '71 George Washington University '68 chair alfonso l. carney, Jr., Law '74 Trinity allen c. goolsby iii, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J. horvitz, Law '75 University of Pennsylvania helen Mead snyder, Law '87 University of Virginia '83 chief operating officer David h. ibbeken, Law '71

  16. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  17. Nuclear power attitude trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nealey, S.M.

    1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The increasing vulnerability of nuclear power to political pressures fueled by public concerns, particularly about nuclear plant safety and radioactive waste disposal, has become obvious. Since Eisenhower's Atoms-for-Peace program, utility and government plans have centered on expansion of nuclear power generating capability. While supporters have outnumbered opponents of nuclear power expansion for many years, in the wake of the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident the margin of support has narrowed. The purpose of this paper is to report and put in perspective these long-term attitude trends.

  18. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z Site Map OrganizationFAQTrending:Trending:

  19. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliancesTrending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal

  20. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliancesTrending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print

  1. Statistical laws in linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altmann, Eduardo G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zipf's law is just one out of many universal laws proposed to describe statistical regularities in language. Here we review and critically discuss how these laws can be statistically interpreted, fitted, and tested (falsified). The modern availability of large databases of written text allows for tests with an unprecedent statistical accuracy and also a characterization of the fluctuations around the typical behavior. We find that fluctuations are usually much larger than expected based on simplifying statistical assumptions (e.g., independence and lack of correlations between observations).These simplifications appear also in usual statistical tests so that the large fluctuations can be erroneously interpreted as a falsification of the law. Instead, here we argue that linguistic laws are only meaningful (falsifiable) if accompanied by a model for which the fluctuations can be computed (e.g., a generative model of the text). The large fluctuations we report show that the constraints imposed by linguistic laws...

  2. Gas Safety Law (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the establishment of rules and regulations covering the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety standards for installation, operation and maintenance...

  3. College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

  4. Characterizing, Classifying, and Understanding Information Security Laws and Regulations: Considerations for Policymakers and Organizations Protecting Sensitive Information Assets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaw, David Bernard

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assets. Current information security law in the Unitedimplications for information security professionalism inbeing abundant in the information security community: Yes,

  5. Natural gas 1995: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends addresses current issues affecting the natural gas industry and markets. Highlights of recent trends include: Natural gas wellhead prices generally declined throughout 1994 and for 1995 averages 22% below the year-earlier level; Seasonal patterns of natural gas production and wellhead prices have been significantly reduced during the past three year; Natural gas production rose 15% from 1985 through 1994, reaching 18.8 trillion cubic feet; Increasing amounts of natural gas have been imported; Since 1985, lower costs of producing and transporting natural gas have benefitted consumers; Consumers may see additional benefits as States examine regulatory changes aimed at increasing efficiency; and, The electric industry is being restructured in a fashion similar to the recent restructuring of the natural gas industry.

  6. Electric Currents Electric Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Jaehoon

    ;Problem 3: At $0.095/kWh, what does it cost to leave a 25W porch light on day and night for a year = 219000 Watt- hour = 219kWh. So, total cost = 219 x$0.095 = $20.8 #12;Problem 4: A 100 W light bulb has of charge per unit time: = . Unit of current: Ampere (A). The purpose of a battery is to produce

  7. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    over 80 years. Academics from the Law School have driven legal thought and debate in Western Australia in consumer law. In 2011, the Law School completed research into retail trading hours in Western Australia Stuart Kaye Dean, Faculty of Law Dean's message The University of Western Australia | 01 #12;02 | law

  8. Private Information Retrieval An overview and current trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    a server was not considered feasible until the private infor- mation retrieval (PIR) problem was stated recently. A PIR protocol allows a user to retrieve a record from a database while hiding the identity of the record from a database server. We explain a motivation for PIR by demonstrating e- commerce examples

  9. Current trends in Latin America and the Argentine perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laredo, V.G. [SOCMA Americana, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors discusses the changes that are taking place in Argentina as well as in all of Latin America today -- privatization, deregulation, and the modernization of the economy, changes which will serve to strengthen the governments and provide a better quality of life for all of them. He gives an insight into the factors which helped bring about these changes, the support they are receiving, the problems which persist, and the measures that still must be taken so that these positive changes remain in place. He offers some useful information that will perhaps contribute to their understanding of the vast area which he refers to as Latin America, and more specifically, gives a thumbnail sketch of what is happening today in the Republic of Argentina. For many years now, Latin American leaders have travelled to other parts of the world and spoken about the plans and expectations for the region`s future. When these well-intentioned projects and plans never materialized, partners and supporters in the United States and other countries were frustrated and disappointed by the failure to make things work. The author`s intention here today is to describe things as they are, not as they might be, to tell about what is already happening in the sphere of business and growth of the economies in Latin America.

  10. EUBIONET II Current situation and future trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5.3 Co-firing in coal power plants energy crops ............................13 3.2 Green power generation......................................................................................33 6.1.5 On-site power generation performan

  11. law.wlu.edu 121School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dresden, Gregory

    . Bentley Professor of Law Scott E. Sundby, J.D. Sydney and Frances Lewis Professor of Law Sarah Kirsten Zanolli Natkin, J.D. Clinical Professor of Law Clifford R. Larsen, M.A., J.D. Professor of Law Ronald J.M. Professor of Law and Director, Frances Lewis Law Center Darryl K. Brown, M.A., J.D. Class of 1958 Alumni

  12. Petrick Technology Trends Of Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;323 Petrick Technology Trends chapter 9 The Future Of Manufacturing Irene Petrick Technology Trends This chapter is a story about the future of manufacturing based on three predictions: · that firms sophisticated modeling and simulation of both new products and production processes; · that additive

  13. International Trends in Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    International Trends in Green Building Friday, August 26, 2011 Registration 8:00 a.m. Presentation, Canada Green Building Council The presentation will cover international trends and innovations in the green-building industry as well as new opportunities for green-building collaboration with Arizona

  14. Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk about their respective schools in a panel discussion format. Join us and learn how in Law School Admissions Panel epresentatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk

  15. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's solar easement laws are similar to those in many other states. The law does not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, the law allows parties to enter into solar easement...

  16. W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6 # of Students Participating in Clinics: 61 # of Students Endowment Opportunities Clinic Endowment $1,500,000 The Third Year Program requires every student to have their work in the clinics. The Law School currently has six clinics: Black Lung, Tax, Community Legal

  17. TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabry, Frederic

    Gill 3644, rue Peel Montréal (Québec) H3A 1W9 www.mcgill.ca/law en couveRtuRe IF YOU'RE A REGULAR REAd

  18. Law and Corporate Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fligstein, Neil; Choo, Jennifer

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1997. A survey of corporate governance. J. Finan. 52(2):737-1999. Employees and Corporate Governance. Washington, DC:structural change in corporate governance. J. Law Soc. 27(

  19. Immigration Outside the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motomura, Hiroshi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local Immigration Laws, 61 SMU L. Rev. 47, 53 (2008) (notingWhat Is a “Sanctuary”? , 61 SMU L. Rev. 133, 151–54 (2008) (Improve Income Distribution, 61 SMU L. Rev. 23, 25 (2008) (

  20. Strip Mine Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the Land Reclamation Commission of the Department of Natural Resources to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to strip mining of coal and reclamation, review...

  1. Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonara, Emanuela; Parisi, Francesco; Wangenheim, Georg von

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms ? Emanuela Carbonara 1 -imposing a fine for a given illegal activity, the law raisesto peer technology for illegal music downloading. identifies

  2. Current Titles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Various

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inorganic and dye-sensitized cells (DSCs)-are promisingversion of the dye-sensitized cell in which the traditionalfashion. Nanowire Dye-sensitized Solar Cells M. Law, L. E.

  3. Conditions Required by Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    No No Sto H 2 NoIs it required by law "Violence on children"?164.512 (c) (1) H CE may disclose to government to LEO HCE may not disclose to LEO H No Yes No Required by law: "reporting certain type of injuries"? H disclose to LEO H 164.512 (f) (1) (ii) (C)(2) It provides that the request is specific and limited in scope

  4. Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Desmond, M.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As an invited guest speaker, Michael Desmond presented on NREL's NWTC structural testing methods and capabilities at the 2014 Sandia Blade Workshop held on August 26-28, 2014 in Albuquerque, NM. Although dynamometer and field testing capabilities were mentioned, the presentation focused primarily on wind turbine blade testing, including descriptions and capabilities for accredited certification testing, historical methodology and technology deployment, and current research and development activities.

  5. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

  6. The Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    definitive summaries f th C Lof the Common Law · These Principles needed because Congress and stateThe Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality Cem Kaner, J.D., Ph.D. Florida Institute on Law and Ethics in Software Engineering." Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations

  7. 94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation Board of Trustees Roger H. Kimmel of Notre Dame '62 Stanford University '70 Allen C. Goolsby III, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J Officer David H. Ibbeken, Law '71 Princeton University '63 President Emeritus On June 30, 2010 #12;

  8. Energy Perspectives: Trends and Milestones

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Perspectives is a graphical overview of energy history in the United States. The 43 graphs shown here reveal sweeping trends related to the nation's production, consumption, and trade of energy from 1949 through 2011.

  9. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings TrendDetail Commercial Floorspace TrendDetail Background: Adjustment to...

  10. The Copernican Model and Kepler's Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Don

    and Kepler's Laws Galileo on Motion Newton's Principia Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Some Old

  11. A review of trends in MIC. [Microbiologically influenced corrosion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farquhar, G.B. (Saudi Aramco, CSD/CCD, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of current trends in microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) is presented from the viewpoint of the practicing corrosion engineer employed in the petroleum industry. The principal responsibility of this individual is not to identify, count, or even kill microorganisms, but to effectively control corrosion in the oilfield. Extensive references document the technology's advances.

  12. Joshua Rosenthol, CISSP Trends in the Threat Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua Rosenthol, CISSP Trends in the Threat Landscape #12;2 Year in Review Data Theft Targeted-virus, firewalls, and intrusion prevention) are only effective against 30-50% of current security threats. Moreover, customers expect the effectiveness of signature-based security to continue to decline rapidly. IDC Threat

  13. Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

  14. Robust model comparison disfavors power law cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Daniel L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late-time power law expansion has been proposed as an alternative to the standard cosmological model and shown to be consistent with some low-redshift data. We test power law expansion against the standard flat $\\Lambda$CDM cosmology using goodness-of-fit and model comparison criteria. We consider Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) data from two current compilations (Union2.1 and JLA) along with a current set of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements that includes the high-redshift Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest measurements from BOSS quasars. We find that neither power law expansion nor $\\Lambda$CDM is strongly preferred over the other when the SN Ia and BAO data are analyzed separately but that power law expansion is strongly disfavored by the combination. We treat the $R_\\text{h} = ct$ cosmology (a constant rate of expansion) separately and find that it is conclusively disfavored by all combinations of data that include SN Ia observations and a poor overall fit when systematic errors in the SN Ia measurements are ig...

  15. Induced Currents, Eddy Currents and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    Lecture 11 Induced Currents, Eddy Currents and Maxwell's Equations 1 Faraday Disk Dynamo F = q Eddy Currents We have learnt that changing magnetic fields can induce electric fields in conductors 108 ms-1 16 #12;In this lecture and the next Eddy Currents: We have covered Sect. 29

  16. Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbara Drazga

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

  17. FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies SEMINAR ON FINANCIAL REGULATORY REFORM Obama recently signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the 1930s. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is intended

  18. Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon ASHRAE Level I Energy Audit June 2011 Prepared for University................................................................................................................................. 6 Energy Audit Procedure and Results.................................................................................................................................................. 22 #12;| ASHRAE Level One Energy Audit3 SUMMARY The William W. Knight Law Center is a four story

  19. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that imposed unreasonable limitations on the...

  20. Demand Response in the U.S.- Key trends and federal facility participation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meeting—provides demand response (DR) definition, current status of DR in the United States, key DR trends, and federal participation issues.

  1. Investor Sentiment and Antitrust Law as Determinants of Corporate Ownership Structure: The great Merger Wave of 1897 to 1903

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheffins, Brian R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and EconomicCurrent Trends in Corporate Governance: Going From London toon international corporate governance. This paper retrieves

  2. Investor Sentiment and Antitrust Law as Determinants of Corporate Ownership Structure: The Great Merger Wave of 1897 to 1903

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheffins, Brian

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and EconomicCurrent Trends in Corporate Governance: Going From London toon international corporate governance. This paper retrieves

  3. School of Law Reykjavk University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. Stage and Intermediate Meeting FBE. FEDERATION BARREAUX

  4. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse toOctoberMultifamilyDepartmentBriefing Process5of Foreign

  5. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked QuestionsDepartmentGas and OilGeothermal andof Fuels P - .05

  6. Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

  7. Midlatitude Ozone: Loss and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    1 Lecture 17 Midlatitude Ozone: Loss and Trends ATOC/CHEM 5151 #12;2 Importance of midlatitude ozone · Covers most of the world's populated areas · Provides protection from UV #12;3 Ozone loss picture, c. 1988 #12;4 Lower vs. Upper stratosphere #12;5 Ozone loss, post 1988 · Discovery of ozone hole

  8. Foundations and Trends R Econometrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Foundations and Trends R in Econometrics Vol. 2, Nos. 1­2 (2006) 1­145 c 2008 A. Golan DOI: 10.1561/0800000004 Information and Entropy Econometrics -- A Review and Synthesis Amos Golan Department of Economics, American are to study the basics of information-theoretic methods in econometrics, to exam- ine the connecting theme

  9. FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL: A PRELIMINARY GUIDE LSAC.org #12;INTRODUCTION Legal education education is the financial aid office (or the website) of any LSAC-member law school. LSAC.org provides links to many law schools as well as several good sources of financial aid information. The cost

  10. Trend dynamics : a method to improve the analysis, dissemination and forecasting of trends on the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strazza, Ernesto (Strazza Silva)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides a new perspective in trend analysis with the acknowledgement of individuals as carriers of trends and susceptible to influence simultaneously by a trend's perceived significance and by external effects ...

  11. Production trends of Gulf of Mexico: exploration and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearcy, J.R.; Ray, P.K.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gulf of Mexico represents a matured hydrocarbon province with a long exploration and development history. The hydrocarbon occurrences in this province are delineated into several approximately shore-parallel trends of Miocene to Pleistocene age and a recently discovered northwest-southeast-trending deep Jurassic Norphlet trend. In addition, an Oligocene trend of limited extent is present in the western gulf. The current hottest plays of the Gulf of Mexico include the Jurassic Norphlet trend, the middle Miocene Corsair trend, and the Pliocene-Pleistocene Flexure trend. The Cenozoic sediments of the Gulf of Mexico, which are primarily regressive, were deposited in fluvial, deltaic, and interdeltaic barrier-plain environments. As the sediment source moved from the Rio Grande Embayment to the Mississippi Embayment during the Cenozoic, so did the depocenters. Salt-shale tectonics played a major role in forming hydrocarbon traps in this otherwise tectonically stable area. Most of the hydrocarbons are associated with the salt-shale domal structures and their associated fault systems and with growth faults and their associated rollover structures. Historical leasing activity on the continental margin of the Gulf of Mexico indicates that the oil industry steadily moved exploration and development activity into deeper waters and plays. Area-wide lease sales have significantly accelerated exploration and development activity of this area. Historically, the response of the activity in the Gulf of Mexico to fluctuations of oil and gas prices has differed from other areas of the US. The short-term adverse impact of declining prices on the exploration and development in the Gulf of Mexico, especially the deep-water areas, may be significant, but the long-term effect will be minimal.

  12. Current Rusume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Interest Rough paths theory, Stochastic differential equations, ... I am currently working on a problem about stochastic analysis on Riemannian folia-.

  13. Trends in Thermoelectric Properties with Nanostructure: Ferecrystals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermoelectric Properties with Nanostructure: Ferecrystals with Designed Nanoarchitecture Trends in Thermoelectric Properties with Nanostructure: Ferecrystals with Designed...

  14. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  15. California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls): 49696 for Environmental Law & Policy and a Lecturer in Residence at Boalt Hall School of Law. He received his law degree of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include a distinguished group

  16. Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Overview of building trends...

  17. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    patterns of energy consumption, trends in saturation andand how the energy consumption trend could be changed in athe sectoral energy consumption trends in China in detail,

  18. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Won Young

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL-pend TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-EfficiencyTrends and Energy Consumption ..TV Technology Trends and Energy Consumption. 1.2.3. Factors

  19. Dependence of various SOL widths on plasma current and density in NSTX H-mode plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahn, J; Maingi, R; Boedo, J; Soukhanovskii, V A

    2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The dependence of various SOL widths on the line-averaged density ({ovr n}{sub e}) and plasma current (l{sub p}) for the quiescent H-mode plasmas with Type-V ELMs in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) was investigated. It is found that the heat flux SOL width ({lambda}{sub q}), measured by the IR camera, is virtually insensitive to {ovr n}{sub e} and has a strong negative dependence on l{sub p}. This insensitivity of {lambda}{sub q} to {ovr n}{sub e} is consistent with the scaling law from JET H-mode plasmas that shows a very weak dependence on the upstream density. The electron temperature, ion saturation current density, electron density, and electron pressure decay lengths ({lambda}{sub Te}, {lambda}{sub jsat}, {lambda}{sub ne}, and {lambda}{sub pe}, respectively) measured by the probe showed that {lambda}{sub Te} and {lambda}{sub jsat} have strong negative dependence on l{sub p}, whereas {lambda}{sub ne} and {lambda}{sub pe} revealed only a little or no dependence. The dependence of {lambda}{sub Te} on l{sub p} is consistent with the scaling law in the literature while {lambda}{sub ne} and {lambda}{sub pe} dependence shows a different trend.

  20. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Indiana state law includes both covenant restrictions and solar easement provisions. The state's covenant restrictions prevent planning and zoning authorities from prohibiting or unreasonably...

  1. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar access provisions in the General Laws of Massachusetts allow for the creation of voluntary solar easements to protect solar exposure and authorizes zoning rules that prohibit unreasonable...

  2. A Note on Han Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wallace

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - sages and discusses them at length in his book, Remnants of Han Law, Vol. I. 3 One of these statutes is entitled chu mai cheng ???. 4 What this particular phrase means has puzzled scholars over the centuries. In modern times Shen Jiaben? ?? (A... as a discussion of the text. 2 His biography mentions a Treatise on Law (Fa lun ??), a General Treatise on:Law (Lü lüe lun ???) and other works.. 3 A.F.P Hulsewé, Remnants of Han Law: Vol. 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955, p. 33ff. A complete...

  3. Trends in engineering computer applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Undrill, J.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advancements in computer hardware and software have significantly changed engineering computer applications and will continue to do so in the near future. The major trends to exercise the most influence are thought to be those involving expanded memory capacity, improved maintenance costs, flexibility and compatibility of programs and equipment, greater graphics capabilities, and data management programs. It is felt that the engineering profession will once again turn back to computers with massive disc memories, but will incorporate separate-but-data-linked machines into the total system.

  4. Michigan Basin. Secondary recovery in reef trends yields more production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secondary recovery practices in reef trends in Michigan are described. Waterflooding in the Chester 18 Unit began in 1978; it currently has 6 injection wells and 11 production wells. The production wells use a submersible pumping unit, and current production levels are estimated at 3800 bopd. The present level of injection is ca. 17,000 bpd of water. The company operating the field has concluded that more barrels can be produced from a reef if a waterflood is started early. There are 55 to 60 such reefs with potential for supplemental recovery.

  5. POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    for the oil industry, Aberdeen's influence stretches far beyond the local region. Leading oil companies Over 500 years of teaching and research excellence A top UK Law School Dedicated Law Library containing,000 and a large international community of students drawn from 120 different countries. Ranked in the top 1

  6. Relativistic dynamics without conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

    2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that relativistic dynamics can be approached without using conservation laws (conservation of momentum, of energy and of the centre of mass). Our approach avoids collisions that are not easy to teach without mnemonic aids. The derivations are based on the principle of relativity and on its direct consequence, the addition law of relativistic velocities.

  7. 40th Indian Law Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.

  8. Say's Law and modern macroeconomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Allen, Laurel Cameron

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of one branch of commerce...

  9. Current Titles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Various

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  10. School of Law Web Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website is an important communications mechanism. The University of South Carolina School of Law website includes the main School of Law website, separate School of Law centers and program sites and student journal sites

  11. Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

  12. Trends in hydrogen plant design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johansen, T.; Raghuraman, K.S.; Hackett, L.A. (KTI, Zoetermeer (NL))

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding important design considerations for H{sub 2} production via steam reforming require detailed attention to the many elements that make up the process. This paper discusses design trends focus on improvements to the plant's three principal unit operations: Generation of H{sub 2}/CO syngas, Conversion of CO in the syngas and Separation/purification of H{sub 2} from syngas. Natural gas, LPG, oil, coal and coke are all potential raw materials for H{sub 2} production. For the first step in the process, generation of H{sub 2} syngas, the processes available are: Reforming the steam; Autothermal reforming with oxygen and steam; and Partial oxidation with oxygen (POX). Most syngas is presently produced by steam reforming of natural gas or light hydrocarbons up to naphtha.

  13. Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

  14. Contracting Out of National Law: An Empirical Look at the New Law Merchant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    law,” the “lex mercatoria,” the “new law merchant,” “transnational commercial law,” or the like. An extensive scholarly literature explores the theory of transnational commercial law and seeks to derive its governing principles from international...

  15. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical...

  16. Isotopic Trends in Production of Superheavies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antonenko, N.V. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, D-35392 Giessen (Germany); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Adamian, G.G.; Zubov, A.S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Scheid, W. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)

    2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The isotopic trends are discussed for cold and hot fusion reactions leading to superheavies. The possibilities of production of new isotopes in incomplete fusion reactions are treated.

  17. Current Status and Future Assumptions INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    structure, higher electricity prices, and regional and national conservation efforts. 0 5000 10000 15000 of the region's electricity system, some relevant historical trends leading to that status, and the Council's projections of how that status might change in the future. An understanding of our current situation and how

  18. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  19. Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Product Melt Pool Bubbling Unagitated JHCM (West Valley, DWPF prior to October 2010, Germany, Japan) Agitated JHCM (M-Area, WTP LAW, WTP HLW, DWPF after October 2010) * WTP HLW...

  20. Missouri Air Conservation Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law's purpose is to maintain the purity of the air resources of the state to protect the health, general welfare and physical property of the people, maximum employment and the full industrial...

  1. Surface Coal Mining Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law aims to provide for the regulation of coal mining in order to minimize or prevent its adverse effects, protect the environment to the extent possible, protect landowner rights, and...

  2. Law School Event Composting Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead

  3. Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However...

  4. Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly...

  5. Solar and Wind Permitting Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned...

  6. Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

  7. Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality is responsible for administering the Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law and the regulations created under that law.

  8. Trends in HFE Methods and Tools and Their Applicability to Safety Reviews

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hara, J.M.; Plott, C.; Milanski, J.; Ronan, A.; Scheff, S.; Laux, L.; and Bzostek, J.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) conducts human factors engineering (HFE) safety reviews of applicant submittals for new plants and for changes to existing plants. The reviews include the evaluation of the methods and tools (M&T) used by applicants as part of their HFE program. The technology used to perform HFE activities has been rapidly evolving, resulting in a whole new generation of HFE M&Ts. The objectives of this research were to identify the current trends in HFE methods and tools, determine their applicability to NRC safety reviews, and identify topics for which the NRC may need additional guidance to support the NRC's safety reviews. We conducted a survey that identified over 100 new HFE M&Ts. The M&Ts were assessed to identify general trends. Seven trends were identified: Computer Applications for Performing Traditional Analyses, Computer-Aided Design, Integration of HFE Methods and Tools, Rapid Development Engineering, Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. We assessed each trend to determine its applicability to the NRC's review by considering (1) whether the nuclear industry is making use of M&Ts for each trend, and (2) whether M&Ts reflecting the trend can be reviewed using the current design review guidance. We concluded that M&T trends that are applicable to the commercial nuclear industry and are expected to impact safety reviews may be considered for review guidance development. Three trends fell into this category: Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. The other trends do not need to be addressed at this time.

  9. Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability L. H. Tsoukalas Purdue University Nuclear;National Research Council of Greece, May 8, 2008 Outline · The Problem · Nuclear Energy Trends · Energy Economics · Life Cycle Analysis · Nuclear Sustainability · Nuclear Energy in Greece? #12;National Research

  10. Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

    2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

  11. REFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

    2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the work performed during the first semi-annual third year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on analyzing production and injection data to optimize the reservoir management strategies for Germania Spraberry Unit. This study address the reservoir characterization and monitoring of the waterflooding project and propose alternatives of development of the current and future conditions of the reservoir to improve field performance. This research should serve as a guide for future work in reservoir simulation and can be used to evaluate various scenarios for additional development as well as to optimize the operating practices in the field. The results indicate that under the current conditions, a total of 1.410 million barrels of oil can be produced in the next 20 years through the 64 active wells and suggest that the unit can be successfully flooded with the current injection rate of 1600 BWPD and the pattern consisting of 6 injection wells aligned about 36 degrees respect to the major fracture orientation. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period.

  12. The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION MISSION STATEMENT The Mission Statement for Law community. Law Women strives to: · Raise awareness of issues related to women's participation community that address issues of concern to women. MEMBERSHIP, OFFICERS, & COMMITTEES 1. Law Women

  13. Kepler's Laws The equation of motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knörrer, Horst

    of a gravitational field created by point mass that is fixed at the origin. FIGURE Newton's laws give the basic. By Newton's law on gravition, the force exerted by the fixed mass on the movable mass is in the direction and Kepler's laws imply the universal law on gravitation. See ??? 2 #12;the the semimajor axis of the ellipse

  14. Coal rank trends in eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Trinkle, E.J.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examination of coal rank (by vitrinite maximum reflectance) for eastern Kentucky coals has revealed several regional trends. Coal rank varies from high volatile C (0.5% R/sub max/) to medium volatile bituminous (1.1% R/sub max/), and generally increases to the southeast. One east-west-trending rank high and at least four north-south-trending rank highs interrupt the regional increase. The east-west-trending rank high is associated with the Kentucky River faults in northeastern Kentucky. It is the only rank high clearly associated with a fault zone. The four north-south-trending rank highs are parallel with portions of major tectonic features such as the Eastern Kentucky syncline. Overall, though, the association of north-south-trending rank highs with tectonic expression is not as marked as that with the anomaly associated with the Kentucky River faults. It is possible that the rank trends are related to basement features with subdued surface expression. Rank generally increases with depth, and regional trends observed in one coal are also seen in overlying and underlying coals. The cause of the regional southeastward increase in rank is likely to be the combined influence of greater depth of burial and proximity to late Paleozoic orogenic activity. The anomalous trends could be due to increased depth of burial, but are more likely to have resulted from tectonic activity along faults and basement discontinuities. The thermal disturbances necessary to increase the coal rank need not have been great, perhaps on the order of 10-20/sup 0/C (18-36/sup 0/F) above the metamorphic temperatures of the lower rank coals.

  15. Scaling laws for convection and jet speeds in the giant planets Adam P. Showman a,b,,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling laws for convection and jet speeds in the giant planets Adam P. Showman a,b,,1 , Yohai in these models, but no previous theories have been advanced to explain these trends. Here, we show using simple arguments that if convective release of potential energy pumps the jets and viscosity damps them, the mean

  16. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

  17. Law 275 sec. 1 The Environmental Law Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    -oriented government intervention. With a relatively small budget and no authority to impose household solid waste Center for Law & Technology Abstract: "An Economic Assessment of Market-Based Approaches to Regulating the Municipal Solid Waste Stream" In the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was widely reported that the United

  18. NERSC HPSS Storage Trends and Summaries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summaries Storage Trends and Summaries Total Bytes Utilized The growth in NERSC's storage systems amounts to roughly 1.7x per year. Total Bytes Utilized Number of Files Stored The...

  19. Emerging trends in the satellite industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

  20. The Radiometric Bode's Law and Extrasolar Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Lazio; W. M. Farrell; Jill Dietrick; Elizabeth Greenlees; Emily Hogan; Christopher Jones; L. A. Hennig

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We predict the radio flux densities of the extrasolar planets in the current census, making use of an empirical relation--the radiometric Bode's Law--determined from the five ``magnetic'' planets in the solar system (Earth and the four gas giants). Radio emission from these planets results from solar-wind powered electron currents depositing energy in the magnetic polar regions. We find that most of the known extrasolar planets should emit in the frequency range 10--1000 MHz and, under favorable circumstances, have typical flux densities as large as 1 mJy. We also describe an initial, systematic effort to search for radio emission in low radio frequency images acquired with the Very Large Array. The limits set by the VLA images (~ 300 mJy) are consistent with, but do not provide strong constraints on, the predictions of the model. Future radio telescopes, such as the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) and the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), should be able to detect the known extrasolar planets or place austere limits on their radio emission. Planets with masses much lower than those in the current census will probably radiate below 10 MHz and will require a space-based array.

  1. Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manz, P. [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Müller, S. H. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States)] [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States); Fuchert, G. [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Stroth, U. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.

  2. Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

  3. Trends in Contractor Conversion Rates | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Contractor Conversion Rates Trends in Contractor Conversion Rates Better Buildings Residential Network Workforce Business Partners Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Contractor...

  4. Effects of van der Waals Density Functional Corrections on Trends...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    van der Waals Density Functional Corrections on Trends in Furfural Adsorption and Hydrogenation on Close-Packed Effects of van der Waals Density Functional Corrections on Trends in...

  5. aureus bacteremia trends: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    certain domains conceptional and multi relational trends. We exploit the spectrum to cluster the difference graph Hammerton, James 90 7, 61896228, 2007 Trends and variability...

  6. TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries,...

  7. Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to better interpret energy consumption trends over time. Thetrends and policy options for reducing energy consumption orConsumption iii iv Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and

  8. SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Market-Based Programs Technical Information Network SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility...

  9. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    for the ageing population in Western Australia. In addition, the Crime Research Centre continues to host. Professor Erika J Techera Dean, Faculty of Law © JOAN COSTA 2013 The University of Western Australia | 01 Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural

  10. COLLEGE OF LAW UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    university research centres in the areas of Environmental and Energy Law and Policy, Criminal Justice and staff from over forty countries, including countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and North and South America. You will make enduring friendships here and build lasting memories of your time with us

  11. BA Philosophy, Politics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    BA Philosophy, Politics and Law (PPL) Module Information 2013-2014 Arts and Humanities College of www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Department of Politcial and Cultural Studies #12;PPL at Swansea Swansea offers one of only two PPL degrees in the UK. Building on the successfully launch of our PPE

  12. Fourier's Law from Closure Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.

  13. CCPPolicyBriefing Competition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    actions (paragraphs 26 to 27). The Green Paper lays out a range of "options" for how private enforcement · A plaintiff initiates a private action based on an alleged breach of competition law. It must provide all for the Revelation of Private Information The ESRC Centre for Competition Policy (CCP), at the University of East

  14. Wind Access and Permitting Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2009, the Delaware legislature enacted a law ([http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS145.NSF/bfa9b1a8c49c444f852568c0005... HS 1 for H.B. 70]) prohibiting unreasonable public and private...

  15. Beyond Unions, Notwithstanding Labor Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    regime created by the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (NLRA)1--once core elements of the nation, enforcement strategies, and rulemaking abilities.4 The labor law itself has been transformed into a weapon movement is critical to achieving a more egalitarian distribution of wealth. As the NLRA's statement

  16. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    protection law, nationality Course Level: First year Credit hours:Lecture Time: 3 Credit Hours Academic Staff to write and prepare articles, reports and research papers in addition to training them for legal writing, in terms of its sources and historical development. · Communication skills (personal and academic

  17. The Academic Law Library in the 21st Century: Still the Heart of the Law School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    School should not open at all. Needless to say, construction of the UC Irvine Law Library went forward, Irvine School of Law (UC Irvine Law), I was asked my opinion of a proposal to delay construction

  18. Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    Page 1 Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Spring, 2009 16 Geo. J. Poverty Law & Pol'y 273 SPEECH: The Redefined Hero: Discovering

  19. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANÇOISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

  20. Observed low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front Gustavo Jorge Goni,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Brazil Current front. Trends of eddy kinetic energy, sea height anomaly, sea surface temperature and windObserved low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front Gustavo Jorge Goni,1 Francis Bringas; published 29 October 2011. [1] The Brazil Current is a weak western boundary current, the southwest

  1. PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    of USC. The Unruh Research in Applied Politics Program supports research that addresses political topics of concern to the polity. Study Abroad: Explore the origins of Western philosophy by spending a year -- Nature, origin, and development of international law; basic principles analyzed and illustrated

  2. law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions Bulletin Blake Edwards Damon J. Keith Legacy Scholar Class of 2015 State University Board of Governors Wayne Law Board of Visitors Debbie Dingell, chair Gary S. Pollard

  3. An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...

  4. Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesPresident, Emerging Markets Online http://www.emerginghttp://www.emerging--markets.commarkets.com Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market SurveyAuthor, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market Survey Columnist

  5. SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD HigHligHts At the William S. Boyd School of Law, we are educating ethical and effective lawyers and leaders. We are a young law school ­ less than 15 years old. And we had the privilege of building this school from the ground up: imagining the ideal legal education, modeling best

  6. The School of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Karin

    The School of Business, Economics and Law 2009ANNUAL MAGAZINE EFMD #12;Graphic design & production of Gothenburg, Jeffrey Johns/School of Business, Economics and Law, Maria Norrström/School of Business at the School of Business, Economics and Law in Gothenburg Photo by: Niklas Bernstone The School

  7. ANU COLLEGE OF LAW Dr James Prest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Climate Law and Policy Canberra ACT 0200 Australia Telephone: +61 2 6125 1689 Facsimile: +61 2 6125 4899.sen@aph.gov.au 29 August 2008 Re: Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment (Feed-In Tariff) Bill 2008 the operation of laws to encourage deployment of renewable energy, conducted at the ANU Centre for Climate Law

  8. Molecular Cell Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molecular Cell Previews Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law James E. Ferrell, Jr.1,* 1Department that Weber's law of sensory perception may apply to a number of cell signaling processes. Most of us can shouting in our ear. This is the essence of Weber's law, put forward by the German physiologist Ernst Weber

  9. Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ]. Instances of Monad should satisfy the following laws: return a>>=k k a m >>=return m m >>=(x k x>>=h) (m>>=k)>>=hTesting Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Patrik Jansson Cl´audio Amaral Technical Report UU-CS-2012.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Utrecht University and Open

  10. Will Moores law be sufficient?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeBenedictis, Erik P.

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It seems well understood that supercomputer simulation is an enabler for scientific discoveries, weapons, and other activities of value to society. It also seems widely believed that Moore's Law will make progressively more powerful supercomputers over time and thus enable more of these contributions. This paper seeks to add detail to these arguments, revealing them to be generally correct but not a smooth and effortless progression. This paper will review some key problems that can be solved with supercomputer simulation, showing that more powerful supercomputers will be useful up to a very high yet finite limit of around 1021 FLOPS (1 Zettaflops) . The review will also show the basic nature of these extreme problems. This paper will review work by others showing that the theoretical maximum supercomputer power is very high indeed, but will explain how a straightforward extrapolation of Moore's Law will lead to technological maturity in a few decades. The power of a supercomputer at the maturity of Moore's Law will be very high by today's standards at 1016-1019 FLOPS (100 Petaflops to 10 Exaflops), depending on architecture, but distinctly below the level required for the most ambitious applications. Having established that Moore's Law will not be that last word in supercomputing, this paper will explore the nearer term issue of what a supercomputer will look like at maturity of Moore's Law. Our approach will quantify the maximum performance as permitted by the laws of physics for extension of current technology and then find a design that approaches this limit closely. We study a 'multi-architecture' for supercomputers that combines a microprocessor with other 'advanced' concepts and find it can reach the limits as well. This approach should be quite viable in the future because the microprocessor would provide compatibility with existing codes and programming styles while the 'advanced' features would provide a boost to the limits of performance.

  11. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly

  12. Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying

  13. Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden ermglicht, Mandanten in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Die Idee: Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden rechtlich zu beraten. Die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic bietet Ihnen eine hervorragende Möglichkeit Theorie und Praxis zu verbinden! Das Projekt: Wenn Sie sich für ein Jahr Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic

  14. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010 and a description of any major papers you have authored involving any aspect of energy or clean technology law: __ _____ Please indicate the courses related to Environmental Law & Energy Policy ("ENV"), IP, Entrepreneurship

  15. Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic

  16. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Brown, E.

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  17. The Trend of Global Capitalism Qiudong Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Quidong

    , including Russia and east Europe countries, India, China, Mexico, South America and Africa, are relative the history, the present and the future trend of politic and economic relationship between developed and under strategic initiatives in the on-going global politic and economic game. The most serious threat

  18. PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Mike

    PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS || James F. Burgess, Jr using several covariates. This is illustrated here in the context of sub- stance abuse care. One common process monitor for systems delivering substance abuse care is follow-up outpatient care within a certain

  19. National Conference on "New Trends in Bioinformatics"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

    for Bioinformatics & Computational Biology, IIT Delhi Phone:+911126596722,+911126596786, Email: conference2012National Conference on "New Trends in Bioinformatics" Theme: New Methods, Softwares, Databases, Web-tools of Bioinformatics from India July 30 & 31, 2012, IIT Delhi, India Organized By : Supercomputing Facility

  20. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  1. Public Law 104-134

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuring SolarNo. 195 - Oct. 7,Resumption ofPublic Law

  2. air law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from any symmetry group. Jeeva S. Anandan 1998-08-24 46 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  3. Computing trends using graphic processor in high energy physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihai Niculescu; Sorin-Ion Zgura

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the main challenges in Heavy Energy Physics is to make fast analysis of high amount of experimental and simulated data. At LHC-CERN one p-p event is approximate 1 Mb in size. The time taken to analyze the data and obtain fast results depends on high computational power. The main advantage of using GPU(Graphic Processor Unit) programming over traditional CPU one is that graphical cards bring a lot of computing power at a very low price. Today a huge number of application(scientific, financial etc) began to be ported or developed for GPU, including Monte Carlo tools or data analysis tools for High Energy Physics. In this paper, we'll present current status and trends in HEP using GPU.

  4. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International Energy Commercial Law Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme code a dissertation in any one of those 4 chosen areas. 2) Add a specialisation to the LLM in International Commercial

  5. Session 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollution legislation Price shocks #12;Air pollution trends-current Why are we interested in air pollution models but we need reliable emissions data? Proxies? Future projections based on some future evolution

  6. Casimir interaction from magnetically coupled eddy currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intravaia, Francesco

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Casimir interaction due to eddy (Foucault) currents in thick metallic plates. The Drude model is used to describe the optical response of the metal at low frequencies. A repulsive force arises from the electromagnetic coupling between chargeless currents filling the metallic half-spaces. We show that these overdamped modes are entirely responsible for the thermal anomalies of the Casimir force between good conductors. It turns out that the applicability of the Nernst heat theorem (third law of thermodynamics) must be reviewed since the ground state of the coupled metal+field system can become highly degenerate at zero temperature.

  7. Fourier law, phase transitions and the stationary Stefan problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis

    2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the one-dimensional stationary solutions of an integro-differential equation derived by Giacomin and Lebowitz from Kawasaki dynamics in Ising systems with Kac potentials, \\cite{GiacominLebowitz}. We construct stationary solutions with non zero current and prove the validity of the Fourier law in the thermodynamic limit showing that below the critical temperature the limit equilibrium profile has a discontinuity (which defines the position of the interface) and satisfies a stationary free boundary Stefan problem. Under-cooling and over-heating effects are also studied. We show that if metastable values are imposed at the boundaries then the mesoscopic stationary profile is no longer monotone and therefore the Fourier law is not satisfied. It regains however its validity in the thermodynamic limit where the limit profile is again monotone away from the interface.

  8. Constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio for non-power-law models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vázquez, J. Alberto; Bridges, M. [Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Madingley Road,Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Ma, Yin-Zhe [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Agricultural Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Hobson, M.P., E-mail: jv292@cam.ac.uk, E-mail: mb435@mrao.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: mayinzhe@phas.ubc.ca, E-mail: mph@mrao.cam.ac.uk [Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent cosmological observations hint at a deviation from the simple power-law form of the primordial spectrum of curvature perturbations. In this paper we show that in the presence of a tensor component, a turn-over in the initial spectrum is preferred by current observations, and hence non-power-law models ought to be considered. For instance, for a power-law parameterisation with both a tensor component and running parameter, current data show a preference for a negative running at more than 2.5? C.L. As a consequence of this deviation from a power-law, constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio r are slightly broader. We also present constraints on the inflationary parameters for a model-independent reconstruction and the Lasenby and Doran (LD) model. In particular, the constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio from the LD model are: r{sub LD} = 0.11±0.024. In addition to current data, we show expected constraints from Planck-like and CMB-Pol sensitivity experiments by using Markov-Chain-Monte-Carlo sampling chains. For all the models, we have included the Bayesian Evidence to perform a model selection analysis. The Bayes factor, using current observations, shows a strong preference for the LD model over the standard power-law parameterisation, and provides an insight into the accuracy of differentiating models through future surveys.

  9. Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law of the University of Alicante, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law activity in the faculties of Law, Economic and Business Sciences and Arts. Studies of 1st and 2onCycle (to 3400 Fax: (+34) 96 590 3464 Tax Law and Economics #12;

  10. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    such as BERC@Boalt, Boalt.org, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Healthcare and Biotech Law Society, Patent Law Society, or the Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic. Include the name of the organizationBERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010

  11. Facility Automation Products--Systems--Applications--Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, H. D.

    are to be commended, and should accelerate energy action plans by bringing the suppliers and demanders together for concentrated energy saving discussions. From this following view of the evolution and trends of energy control and facility management systems... of electric motor load control ???? shutting down motors when they were not required and starting them up as late as possible to perform their assigned tasks. Cycling motors off for 10 to 40 percent of the time during their duty period saved additional...

  12. Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  13. The second law of blackhole dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koustubh Ajit Kabe

    2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the non-generalized or restricted second law blackhole dynamics as given by Bekenstein in the beginning is restated, with a rigid proof, in a different form akin to the statement of the second law of thermodynamics given by Clausius. The various physical possibilities and implications of this statement are discussed therein. This paper is a mere venture into the restricted second law of blackhole dynamics pertaining to blackholes emitting Hawking radiation. The paper thus considers a didactically interesting reformulation of the second law of blackhole thermodynamics after some revisions.

  14. Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy...

  15. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  16. Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James W. Dufty

    2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.

  17. Renewable Energy Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida law forbids ordinances, deed restrictions, covenants, declarations or similar binding agreements from prohibiting the use of solar collectors (including clotheslines) or "other energy...

  18. Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or...

  19. TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-085 TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN CALIFORNIA, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING** Abstract This study analyzes state and regional electricity supply and demand trends for the eleven states

  20. Current measurement apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Umans, Stephen D. (Belmont, MA)

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus and methods are provided for a system for measurement of a current in a conductor such that the conductor current may be momentarily directed to a current measurement element in order to maintain proper current without significantly increasing an amount of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element or adding resistance to assist in current measurement. The apparatus and methods described herein are useful in superconducting circuits where it is necessary to monitor current carried by the superconducting elements while minimizing the effects of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element.

  1. Current profile modification during lower hybrid current drive in the Princeton Beta Experiment-Modification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaita, R.; Bell, R. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.; Batha, S.H. [Fusion Physics and Technology, Torrance, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current profile modification with lower hybrid waves has been demonstrated in the Princeton Beta Experiment-Modification tokamak. When the n{parallel} spectrum of the launched waves was varied, local changes in the current profile were observed according to equilibria reconstructed from motional Stark effect polarimetry measurements. Changes in the central safety factor (q) were also determined to be a function of the applied radio frequency (rf) power. These results have been modeled with the Tokamak Simulation Code/Lower Hybrid Simulation Code, which is able to duplicate the general trends seen in the data.

  2. Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and Science Conference "Water Quality Challenges in the Great Plains" is the theme of this year's University of Nebraska-Lincoln Water, Law, Policy and Science conference. The fifth annual UNL conference is April 22 and 23 at Lincoln

  3. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law II Overview & Aims: This core module aims to introduce students to the political economy background as well as the international legal framework for transnational foreign investment

  4. Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted

  5. Chicago-Kent College of Law Chicago-Kent College of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    .D. program. Business Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand

  6. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operating Cost of Natural Gas Combustion Turbine Operatingnatural gas usage, but also leads to a significant increase in quick-ramping gas combustion-

  7. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. “20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S.targets. Keywords: Wind energy, renewable energy, cost

  8. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system that relies heavily on wind. 5. References U.S.Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. “20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S.

  9. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 6. Total Electricity-Sector Direct Costs (discountedfootprint of the electricity sector. In particular, analysisroughly 20% of expected electricity-sector carbon emissions

  10. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operating Cost of Natural Gas Combustion Turbine Operatingincrease in quick-ramping gas combustion-turbine capacity in

  11. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supply curve for wind using cost and performance assumptionspressure on installed wind project costs while the industryon U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance

  12. Industrial Heat Pumps- A Reexamination in Light of Current Energy Trends 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, N.; Simon, M.; Terry, S.; Leach, J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat pumps have been used for nearly one hundred years mostly providing heating and cooling for homes and residential settings. However, industrial heat pumps are also used and may be driven by waste heat streams from the manufacturing facility...

  13. While the current trend towards lightweight con-structions may be of both economical and envi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    . Abstract A finite-element model of a single-stud double- plate panel structure is implemented to investi double-leaf partitions is performed. Three scenarios are investigated: 1. A panel structure including A single-stud double-plate panel is investigated in three different configurations: The panels are assumed

  14. Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Supported by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    development · Recent NSTX research progress · FESAC: fusion net electrical output in 35 years · Near New Mexico U Wash U Wisc UKAEA Fusion Hiroshima U HIST Kyushu Tokai U Niigata U Tsukuba U U Tokyo

  15. 2008 CSUC Institute for Research in Intelligent Systems Current State and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AUVs: Autonomous Underwater Vehicles USVs: Unmanned Surface Vehicles Bluefin-12 Naval Postgraduate in Intelligent Systems UGVs: Unmanned Ground Vehicles iRobot PackBot iRobot ATRV-2 Armed Robotic Vehicle (ARV for Research in Intelligent Systems UAVs: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles MQ-8B Fire Scout MQ-1 Predator Lockheed

  16. An analysis of the current investment trend in the U.S. toll road sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, long term concessions through public-private partnerships (PPP's) in the US toll road sector have emerged and are expected to become a phenomenon in the near future. Up until now, only two large scale ...

  17. Two trends call into question the cur-rent practice of fabricating micro-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozyrakis, Christos

    into a single chip to lower memory latency, increase memory bandwidth, and improve energy efficiency. It also and challenges for IRAMs, and finally esti- mates performance and energy efficiency of three IRAM designs. Why there is a problem The division of the semiconductor indus- try into microprocessor and memory camps has many

  18. Current trends in chemistry of materials S NATARAJAN and J GOPALAKRISHNAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

    materials (synthesis and the role of chemistry) and understanding materials (the role of theory). Possible] inorganic-organic hybrid materials [8] and materials for other related properties. In this context, one, (figure 1) for being the Keywords. Solid materials; dense; porous; energy; synthesis; theory. 21 #12

  19. Industrial Heat Pumps- A Reexamination in Light of Current Energy Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, N.; Simon, M.; Terry, S.; Leach, J.

    Heat pumps have been used for nearly one hundred years mostly providing heating and cooling for homes and residential settings. However, industrial heat pumps are also used and may be driven by waste heat streams from the manufacturing facility...

  20. The Current Trend of World Climate -a Report on the Early 1970's and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    understanding in three areas: past climate history and its impact on humanity; the course and causes Climatic Research Unit School of Environmental Sciences University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit with the study of natural and anthropogenic climate change. CRU is part of the School of Environmental Sciences

  1. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prices, environmental improvement, reduced water consumption, rural economic development, and employment opportunities in the renewable energy

  2. Ten Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cordon, F. Herrera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Frank

    algorithms GAs are general purpose search algorithms which use principles inspired by natural genetics@dca.fee.unicamp.br F. Hoffmann Royal Institute of Technology Center for Autonomous Systems SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden algorithms are search algorithms, based on natural genetics, that provide robust search capabilities in com

  3. New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement ofConverDynNet-Zero CampusGasification FacilitiesAdvanced Stages

  4. TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    #12;TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993 Working Paper 05-03 2 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002 Abstract Disability with those found in the US. Japan is an especially interesting country because its age structure

  5. Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just

  6. On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail Georgia Tech mihail@cc.gatech.edu and Christos H. Papadimitriou U.C. Berkeley christos@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract We show that the largest eigenvalues of graphs whose highest degrees are Zipf-like distributed with slope #11; are distributed according to a power law

  7. Status of the Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walid K. Abou Salem; Juerg Froehlich

    2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe recent progress towards deriving the Fundamental Laws of thermodynamics (the 0th, 1st and 2nd Law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in simple, yet physically relevant models. Along the way, we clarify some basic thermodynamic notions and discuss various reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics.

  8. Legal Positivism in International Criminal Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luckey, Charles

    2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I will argue that, international criminal law constitutes a valid legal system. There is skepticism over the authority of international law; some claim that it is not a genuine legal system, and does not command legal obligation. I...

  9. SCHOOL OF LAW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    "There is a demand for new lawyers to be exceptionally responsive to the needs of clients. And the only preparing students for the practice of law at the highest levels of the profession. All students "By every measure we are succeeding in creating a top law school, with a faculty ranked among the best

  10. Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics Jos Uffink July 5, 2001 1 INTRODUCTION The second law of thermodynamics has a curious status. Many modern physicists regard it as an obsolete relic thermodynamics, in which the state does not con- tain velocity-like parameters, one may take R to be the identity

  11. Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

  12. Recent Trends in Land Tenure in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motheral, Joe

    1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    colored; in Harrison County, 70 per cent; in Gregg County, 60 per cent; in San Jacinto County, 57 per cent; and in Walker County, 51 per cent. Almost one-third of the farm operators in counties along the lower reaches of the Colorado and Brazos rivers...RECENT TRENDS IN LAND TENURE IN TEXAS JOE MOTHERAL Division of Farm and Ranch Economics [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Public interest in the subject of land tenure has been height- ened by the swift changes, in the tenure pattern...

  13. Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

  14. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs. It is important to note that this report covers only a portion of voluntary markets for renewable energy. It does not cover green power sold by independent marketers except for cases in which the marketers work in conjunction with utilities or default electricity suppliers.

  15. Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

  16. Recent trends in refinery hydrogen production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aitani, A.M.; Siddiqui, M.A.B. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Refiners are experiencing a rise in hydrogen requirements to improve product quality and process heavy sour crudes. Fuel reformulation has disrupted refinery hydrogen balance in two ways: more hydrogen is needed for hydroprocessing and less hydrogen is coproduced from catalytic naphtha reforming. The purpose of this paper is to review trends in maximizing refinery hydrogen production by modifications and alternatives to the conventional steam methane reforming, recovery from refinery off gases and {open_quote}across-the-fence{close_quote} hydrogen supply. 11 refs., 2 tabs.

  17. Trends, Discovery, & Innovation at NUG User

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z Site MapTrends, Discovery, & Innovation

  18. Trends in stationary energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenter GetsEnergySpecification:Donofrio FordTrends in

  19. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Jan Monthly AnnualMajorTrends in

  20. SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jianfeng

    SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than a Poisson process Jing, interspike interval, psychophysical law, spike rate Abstract Weber's law is one of the basic laws established. In this paper, we carried out an analysis on the spike train statistics when Weber's law holds

  1. Exploration trends of the Sirte Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aburawi, R.M. [Waha Oil Co., Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A wave of intense exploration activity in the Sirte Basin began after the discovery of oil in 1958, and an enormous quantity of hydrocarbon was found in less than ten years. The oil discovery rate has been gradually declining since its peak in the 1960`s, and it is now becoming increasingly difficult and more expensive to find a new reserve. This paper is an attempt to discuss briefly the past exploration cycle, to indicate the present position and to predict the future trend of our activities in the Sirte Basin. The past exploration activities in the Sirte Basin were concentrated along the particular geological trends where the possibilities of finding more reserves are now drastically reduced. Therefore, for the future healthy exploration activities, new ideas are needed to bring about some new favourable areas under further investigation. A new cycle of exploration success will emerge if our exploratory efforts are purposely directed towards the stratigraphic, stratrigraphic/structural traps and subtle type traps, along the migrational pathways and deep plays in the potential oil generative areas.

  2. College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to recruit and nominate a Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2). The Canada Research Chair program (www

  3. Anomalous - viscosity current drive

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stix, Thomas H. (Princeton, NJ); Ono, Masayuki (Princeton Junction, NJ)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for maintaining a steady-state current in a toroidal magnetically confined plasma. An electric current is generated in an edge region at or near the outermost good magnetic surface of the toroidal plasma. The edge current is generated in a direction parallel to the flow of current in the main plasma and such that its current density is greater than the average density of the main plasma current. The current flow in the edge region is maintained in a direction parallel to the main current for a period of one or two of its characteristic decay times. Current from the edge region will penetrate radially into the plasma and augment the main plasma current through the mechanism of anomalous viscosity. In another aspect of the invention, current flow driven between a cathode and an anode is used to establish a start-up plasma current. The plasma-current channel is magnetically detached from the electrodes, leaving a plasma magnetically insulated from contact with any material obstructions including the cathode and anode.

  4. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 school of law catalog 2013 #12;#12;This publication is for informational purposes and does not constitute a contract. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 Please recycle #12;The University of Kansas | 2012 ......................................................... 3 School of Law Administration

  5. Computation of the current density in nonlinear materials subjected to large current pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgdon, M.L.; Hixson, R.S.; Parsons, W.M.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The finite element method and the finite difference method are used to calculate the current distribution in two nonlinear conductors. The first conductor is a small ferromagnetic wire subjected to a current pulse that rises to 10,000 Amperes in 10 microseconds. Results from the transient thermal and transient magnetic solvers of the finite element code FLUX2D are used to compute the current density in the wire. The second conductor is a metal oxide varistor. Maxwell's equations, Ohm's law and the varistor relation for the resistivity and the current density of {rho} = {alpha}j{sup {minus}{beta}} are used to derive a nonlinear differential equation. The solutions of the differential equation are obtained by a finite difference approximation and a shooting method. The behavior predicted by these calculations is in agreement with experiments. 9 refs., 6 figs.

  6. JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    (919) 613-7020 admissions@law.duke.edu www.law.duke.edu/admis l a u n c h y o u r g l o b a l l aw p r a c t i c e h e r e APPLY NOW law.duke.edu/admis/degreeprograms/jd-llm/ Early Application Deadlines 11@ JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law Duke Law Admissions Duke University School of Law

  7. Application of Planck's law to thermionic conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, F.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple, highly accurate, mathematical model of heat-to-electricity conversion is developed from Planck's law for the distribution of the radiant exitance of heat at a selected temperature. An electrical power curve is calculated by integration of the heat law over a selected range of electromagnetic wavelength corresponding to electrical voltage. A novel wavelength-voltage conversion factor, developed from the known wavelength-electron volt conversion factor, establishes the wavelength ({lambda}) for the integration. The Planck law is integrated within the limits {lambda} to 2{lambda}. The integration provides the ideal electrical power that is available from heat at the emitter temperature. When multiplied by a simple ratio, the calculated ideal power closely matches published thermionic converter experimental data. The thermal power model of thermionic conversion is validated by experiments with thermionic emission of ordinary electron tubes. A theoretical basis for the heat law based model of thermionic conversion is found in linear oscillator theory.

  8. Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....

  9. Essays in empirical law and economics/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lem, Jacklin Chou

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...

  10. Essays in empirical law and economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prescott, James J. (James Jondall)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis, which consists of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions in criminal procedure and employment antidiscrimination law. The first chapter measures the consequences for offenders of expanding ...

  11. Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...

  12. MARYLAND CAREY LAW 2013 40 | ALUMNI PROFILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Public Interest Law Project (MPILP) and in 2006, Mendez was a Summer MPILP Grant Recipient, working society than public interest work," said Mendez. Mendez is now working as senior attorney at Catholic public interest work." --Michelle Mendez '08 #12;

  13. Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of...

  14. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  15. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...

  16. Decolonizing Copyright Law: Learning from the Jamaican Street Dance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, Larisa K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Now Open) Fears of ACTA. ” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): Yu,and Now Open) Fears of ACTA,” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): 975–

  17. age laws personal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Law School Aspects of corporate personality and the interface between business and society Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Nottingham Law...

  18. Fractal Weyl Law for Open Chaotic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stéphane Nonnenmacher

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution summarizes our work with M.Zworski on open quantum open chaoticmaps (math-ph/0505034). For a simple chaotic scattering system (the open quantum baker's map), we compute the "long-living resonances" in the semiclassical r\\'{e}gime, and show that they satisfy a fractal Weyl law. We can prove this fractal law in the case of a modified model.

  19. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany Organization Carbon Disclosure Project...

  20. SciTech Connect: Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Org: Other Non-EERE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 17 WIND ENERGY BLADE TESTING; TRENDS; BIAXIAL TESTING; NATIONAL WIND TECHNOLOGY CENTER; NWTC;...

  1. Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency -- Update on Program...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    -- Update on Program Experience Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency, Call...

  2. analyzing time trends: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This detection is affected by many factors: the size of the trend to be detected, the length of the available Antoine, David 36 Analyzing Collective View of Future,...

  3. Energy-saving tech, trends and talk at Efficiency Exchange

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy-saving-tech-trends-and-talk-at-Efficiency-Exchange Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives...

  4. analysis emerging trends: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wells can be divided into two major categories, clastic (oil & gas production) and carbonate (only gas Mohaghegh, Shahab 166 Moving from Status to Trends: Forest Inventory and...

  5. asian trend analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wells can be divided into two major categories, clastic (oil & gas production) and carbonate (only gas Mohaghegh, Shahab 167 Moving from Status to Trends: Forest Inventory and...

  6. antimicrobial resistance trends: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2020: A GLOBAL BIODIESEL MARKET GROWTH TRENDSEU BIODIESEL MARKET GROWTH TRENDSEU BIODIESEL MARKET GROWTH TRENDS EU Biofuels Targets:EU Biofuels Targets: Target 1Target 1...

  7. Solar Photovoltaic Installation Market Trends | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Photovoltaic Installation Market Trends Home John55364's picture Submitted by John55364(95) Contributor 14 May, 2015 - 02:24 Global Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installation...

  8. DOE Publishes Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    a new report, SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning. The report was created in response to requests from utilities and energy efficiency...

  9. Electric current locator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Woodside, Charles Rigel (Corvallis, OR)

    2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure herein provides an apparatus for location of a quantity of current vectors in an electrical device, where the current vector has a known direction and a known relative magnitude to an input current supplied to the electrical device. Mathematical constants used in Biot-Savart superposition equations are determined for the electrical device, the orientation of the apparatus, and relative magnitude of the current vector and the input current, and the apparatus utilizes magnetic field sensors oriented to a sensing plane to provide current vector location based on the solution of the Biot-Savart superposition equations. Description of required orientations between the apparatus and the electrical device are disclosed and various methods of determining the mathematical constants are presented.

  10. Environmental impact assessment of projects in the People's Republic of China: new law, old problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Yan; Morgan, Richard K.; Cashmore, Mat

    2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After more than 20 years of experience with environmental impact assessment (EIA), the government of the People's Republic of China is set to introduce a new EIA Law, in September 2003, in which strategic environmental assessment (SEA) complements the current project-oriented EIA process. In general, the new law does not attempt to modify the existing EIA system in any radical ways, suggesting that the government consider current practices satisfactory. In order to assess the likely prospects of the new EIA Law for project-level EIA, this paper presents an evaluation of the current EIA process in China, first, establishing the historical context of the current process and, second, considering the main issues and concerns relating to the institutional and procedural arrangements, and practical implementation of the process. The main problems highlighted are as follows: the narrow historic focus on pollution of air, water and soil, at the expense of the consideration of wider environmental, social and health impacts; environmental protection agencies being funded by development-oriented local government administrations; the lack of consideration of alternatives in EIA processes; and the lack of effective public participation. More specific procedural issues are also discussed. On the basis of this analysis, we make recommendations for improving the effectiveness of EIA at the project level. The introduction of SEA in the new law marks a real step forward for EIA in China, although it appears to exclude central government policies, and there are improved provisions for public participation. However, the prospects for EIA in China will remain mixed as long as the new law leaves project-level EIA largely unchanged.

  11. Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north

  12. LAW SUBJECT GUIDE -I/S Non-Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    al.] KE444 G62 2002 Law in Action: Understanding Canadian Law / Annice Blair ... [et al.] KE444 L39/George Alexandrowicz ... [et al.] KE444 D54 2004 (teacher's guide also available) Other textbooks Criminal law and the Canadian criminal code / Richard Barnhorst, Sherrie Barnhorst KE8809 C57 2004 Canadian case law studies

  13. INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety

  14. Does interactivity improve exploratory data analysis of animated trend visualization?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Chris

    ]. In particular, animation has become a popular method for visualizing trends in multivariate information spaces1 Does interactivity improve exploratory data analysis of animated trend visualization? Felwa A technique for data analysis of large data. We compared interactive animations with non-interactive (passive

  15. Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections November 2012 #12;Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections David Feldman1 , Galen Barbose2 , Robert Margolis1 , Ryan Wiser2 , Naïm Darghouth2 , and Alan Goodrich1 1 National Renewable Energy

  16. Has the Early Retirement Trend Reversed? Joseph F. Quinn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Has the Early Retirement Trend Reversed? Joseph F. Quinn Department of Economics Boston College: figures 2.1 and 2.2; tables 2A.1 and 2A.2) has argued persuasively that this early retirement trend began.7 25.8 20.9 14.7 Age Source: Burkhauser and Quinn (1997: table 1), updated #12;3 The early retirement

  17. STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    this situation (e. g., "extRemes" package in open source statistical programming language R) Maximum likelihood1 STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS Rick Katz Institute in Causes of Trends #12;4 (1) Introduction · Extreme value analysis under stationarity -- Statistical theory

  18. Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

  19. LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscoe, Bill

    LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic to deriving programsfrom their specifications. C. A. R. HOARE,1.J. HAYES,HEJIFENG,C. C. MORGAN,A. W. ROSCOE, J. W. SANDERS,1.H. SORENSEN,J. M. SPIVEY,and B. A. SUFRIN Some computer scientists have abandoned

  20. RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS MAYA for rubber. Macroscopic quantities of interest such as the Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor can be ap: paramater estimation, multiscale modelling, rubber elasticity, polymer physics. 1. Introduction

  1. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

  2. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Brown, E.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, nearly 600 utilities in regulated electricity markets--or almost 20% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Because some utilities offer programs in conjunction with cooperative associations or other publicly owned power entities, the number of distinct programs totals about 125. Through these programs, more than 40 million customers spanning 34 states have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2004 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities as benchmarks by which to gauge the success of their green power programs.

  3. Ultracapacitor current collector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jerabek, Elihu Calfin (Glenmont, NY); Mikkor, Mati (Ann Arbor, MI)

    2001-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultracapacitor having two solid, nonporous current collectors, two porous electrodes separating the collectors, a porous separator between the electrodes and an electrolyte occupying the pores in the electrodes and separator. At least one of the current collectors comprises a conductive metal substrate coated with a metal nitride, carbide or boride coating.

  4. ORNL trends and balances, 1987-1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief overview is given that covers the roles, organization, R and D sponsors, and recent achievements of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Current R and D programs are described in the areas of nuclear and engineering technologies, advanced energy systems, biomedical and environmental sciences, and basic physical sciences. ORNL's future activities are discussed. (LEW)

  5. Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.

  6. Current to Current Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|CoreCpWing County,ElectricCumingCurrent Group,LLC

  7. Current to Current | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|CoreCpWing County,ElectricCumingCurrent Group,LLCto

  8. Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences Shew, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman, and John Rodgers #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004 Our Goals: u

  9. Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences, Woodrow Shew, Daniel Sisan, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003 Our Goal: u

  10. Quantum Refrigerator and the III-law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amikam Levy; Robert Alicki; Ronnie Kosloff

    2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The rate of temperature decrease of a cooled quantum bath is studied as its temperature is reduced to the absolute zero. The III-law of thermodynamics is then quantified dynamically by evaluating the characteristic exponent {\\zeta} of the cooling process dT(t)/dt \\sim -T^{\\zeta} when approaching the absolute zero, T \\rightarrow 0. A continuous model of a quantum refrigerator is employed consisting of a working medium composed either by two coupled harmonic oscillators or two coupled 2-level systems. The refrigerator is a nonlinear device merging three currents from three heat baths: a cold bath to be cooled, a hot bath as an entropy sink, and a driving bath which is the source of cooling power. A heat driven refrigerator (absorption refrigerator) is compared to a power driven refrigerator. When optimized both cases lead to the same exponent {\\zeta}, showing a lack of dependence on the form of the working medium and the characteristics of the drivers. The characteristic exponent is therefore determined by the properties of the cold reservoir and its interaction with the system. Two generic heat baths models are considered, a bath composed of harmonic oscillators and a bath composed from ideal Bose/Fermi gas. The restrictions on the interaction Hamiltonian imposed by the III-law are discussed. In the appendix the theory of periodicaly driven open systems and its implication to thermodynamics is outlined.

  11. Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015LMLandLaws & LegalLaws

  12. Report on energy trends in the 90`s -- Implications for company strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the content of the conference held on May 6--8, 1992, in Dallas, Texas. Three panel discussions were held on international issues and outlook: Emerging trends in Latin America; Update on the former Soviet Union; and Balancing world energy markets. The sessions on company strategies and perspectives included presentations by Enserch Corp., Union Pacific Resources, Union Texas Petroleum Holdings, Inc., and Triton Energy Corp. These sessions included the current position of the company, problems with development of specific fields, sharing the risks of exploratory drilling, commitment to domestic exploration, and international ventures in exploration.

  13. Current control circuitry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Taubman, Matthew S. (Richland, WA)

    2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the embodiments of the present invention is an apparatus that includes a transistor (30), a servo device (40), and a current source (50). The servo device (40) is operable to provide a common base mode of operation of the transistor (30) by maintaining an approximately constant voltage level at the transistor base (32b). The current source (150) is operable to provide a bias current to the transistor (30). A first device (24) provides an input signal to an electrical node (70) positioned between the emitter (32e) of the transistor (30) and the current source (50). A second device (26) receives an output signal from the collector (32c) of the transistor (30).

  14. Geothermal Energy: Current abstracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringe, A.C. (ed.)

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bulletin announces the current worldwide information available on the technologies required for economic recovery of geothermal energy and its use as direct heat or for electric power production. (ACR)

  15. Photocatalysis Currently, the research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Heribert

    Photocatalysis Currently, the research activit in the area ofies Photocatalysis focus on the topics Photocatalysis and Prof. Dr. Detlef Bahnemann Nanotechnology Research Topics Bioprocess Engineering Bioprocess Modeling and Control Photocatalysis and Nanotechnology Institute of Technical Chemistry Contact Person

  16. Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style Important Notice The guidelines presented below MUST Paragraphs start flush to the left margin after headings or quotes. All other paragraphs must be indented the punctuation and the closing quotation mark. Quotations which are longer than three lines should be in a double-indented

  17. Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien design constraints to analyze many-core design alternatives. The revised models provide computer architects with a better understanding of many- core design types, enabling them to make more informed

  18. A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples

  19. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    for Excellence in Rural Safety Humphrey School of Public Affairs #12;CERS's "Safe Six Regardless of Residence Urban/Small City Suburban Rural/Small Town Primary Seat; . . AND IN MINNESOTA #12;Predicted Impact 2009 and 2010 CERS Reports: · Primary Seat Belt Laws

  20. Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonçalves, Paulo

    Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws Anestis Antoniadis Laboratoire IMAG to implement. This article describes a fast, wavelet-based, regression-type method for estimating the parameters of a stable distribution. Fourier domain representations, combined with a wavelet multiresolution

  1. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  2. QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.

  3. Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014 Venue: Institut für Energie und Regulierungsrecht Berlin, EUREF-Campus am Gasometer, Haus 13, Torgauer Str. 12-15, 10829 Berlin 10:00 The impact of the new guidelines on state aid for environmental protection and energy on the promotion of renewable energies

  4. DIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramaniam, Anandh

    Diffusion bonding To comprehend many materials related phenomenon one must understand Diffusion. The focusDIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS KIRKENDALL EFFECT ATOMIC MECHANISMS Diffusion in Solids P.G. Shewmon McGraw-Hill, New York (1963) #12;Oxidation Roles of Diffusion Creep Aging

  5. The Spatial Scaling Laws of Compressible Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Bohua

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter proposed spatial scaling laws of the density-weighted energy spectrum of compressible flow in terms of dissipation rate, wave number and the Mach number. The study has shown the compressible turbulence energy spectrum does not show the complete similarity, but incomplete similarity as $E(k,Ma)=(C+\\frac{D}{\\ln{Ma}})\

  6. Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Frampton

    2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.

  7. On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

  8. Entropy evolution law in a laser process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun-hua Chen; Hong-yi Fan

    2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For the first time, we obtain the entropy variation law in a laser process after finding the Kraus operator of the master equation describing the laser process with the use of the entangled state representation. The behavior of entropy is determined by the competition of the gain and damping in the laser process. The photon number evolution formula is also obtained.

  9. RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

  10. Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies - Open Communications Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Tom

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    223. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC BerkeleyTrends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley FEMP/p. 6. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley

  11. Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    November 2000. Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/NTDP TechnicalT. L. , "Trends in Energy Management Technology - Enabling

  12. Workshop SDF 2012 Sensor Data Fusion: Trends, Solutions, Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihaylova, Lyudmila

    7 th Workshop SDF 2012 Sensor Data Fusion: Trends, Solutions, Applications Call for Papers of Connecticut, USA, p.willett@ieee.org, Felix Go- vaers, Fraunhofer FKIE. SDF 2012 is technically co

  13. Wind Power Price Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    price of power from new U.S. wind projects higher in 2009.should eventually help wind power regain the downward pricein Modern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the

  14. Reliability and Geographic Trends of 50,000 Photovoltaic Systems...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and reliability data from nearly 50,000 photovoltaic (PV) systems totaling 1.7 gigawatts installed capacity in the USA from 2009 to 2012 and their geographic trends. About 90% of...

  15. Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

  16. Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) Markets: Status and Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Kreycik, C.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines experience in solar renewable energy certificate (SREC) markets in the United States. It describes how SREC markets function--key policy design provisions, eligible technologies, state and regional eligibility rules, solar alternative compliance payments, measurement and verification methods, long-term contracting provisions, and rate caps. It also examines the trends of SREC markets--trading volumes, sourcing trends, trends in the size of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems driven by these markets, and trends in price and compliance. Throughout, the paper explores key issues and challenges facing SREC markets and attempts by policymakers to address some of these market barriers. Data and information presented in this report are derived from SREC tracking systems, brokers and auctions, published reports, and information gleaned from market participants and interviews with state regulators responsible for SREC market implementation. The last section summarizes key findings.

  17. Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http://www.unece.org/trade/timber/docs/tc-sessions/tc-61/presentations/10-hillring.pdf #12;Introduction · Industrial use of wood fibre has increased · Oil

  18. Multimedia Content Analysis, Management and Retrieval: Trends and Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebe, Nicu

    Multimedia Content Analysis, Management and Retrieval: Trends and Challenges Alan Hanjalica , Nicu, communications and storage technology have made multimedia data become prevalent. Multimedia has gained enormous content of multimedia data, built through the synergies of the information contained in different

  19. Trends and Opportunities in Industrial Hazardous Waste Minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atlas, M.

    This paper describes trends and opportunities in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act hazardous waste minimization. It uses U.S. Environmental Protection Agency data gathered since 1989 from over 20,000 facilities that account for almost all...

  20. Wind Power Price Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

  1. Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...

  2. Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, Western North America- Evidence For Deep Permeable Pathways Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd...

  3. Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everest, Graham R

    .dewing@uea.ac.uk Ivan Diaz-Rainey (NBS) Regulation of energy and environmental markets http://www.uea.ac.uk/nbs/people/People/Academic/Ivan+Diaz- Rainey i.diaz-rainey@uea.ac.uk Catherine Wad- dams (NBS/CCP) Economic regulation, competition, energy1 Network on Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk 21 October 2010

  4. Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, David Wayne

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

  5. A reservoir engineer characterization of the Austin Chalk trend 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Her-Yuan

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A RESERVOIR ENGINEER CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AUSTIN CHALK TREND A Thesis by HER-YUAN CHEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A RESERVOIR ENGINEER CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AUSTIN CHALK TREND A Thesis by HER-YUAN CHEN Approved as to style and content by; Steven W. Poston (Chairman of Committee) hing H. Wu (Member) Robert R. Serg...

  6. Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Henriksen

    2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.

  7. Generation of the longitudinal current by the transversal electromagnetic field in classical and quantum plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latyshev, A V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From Vlasov kinetic equation for collisionless plasmas distribution function in square-law approximation on size of electromagnetic field is received. Formulas for calculation electric current at any temperature (any degree of degeneration of electronic gas) are deduced. The case of small values of the wave numbers is considered. It is shown, that the nonlinearity account leads to occurrence the longitudinal electric current directed along a wave vector. This longitudinal current orthogonal to known transversal classical current, received at the linear analysis. From the kinetic equation with Wigner integral for collisionless quantum plasma distribution function is received in square-law on vector potential approximation. Formulas for calculation electric current at any temperature are deduced. The case of small values of wave number is considered. It is shown, that size of a longitudinal current at small values of wave number and for classical plasma and for quantum plasma coincide. Graphic comparison of dim...

  8. Investigation of Noise and Durability Performance Trends for Asphaltic Pavement Surface Types: Three-Year Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Qing; Kohler, Erwin R.; Harvey, John T; Ongel, Aybike

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trends for Asphalt Pavement Surface Types: First- andResults. University of California Pavement Research Center,Trends for Asphaltic Pavement Surface Types: First- and

  9. Returning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships to outstanding students on the basis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    of the editorial staff of the Law Review at the University of Memphis Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law. The EditorReturning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships by the law school. They are open to all University of Memphis School of Law students who meet the specified

  10. Fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darmann, Francis Anthony

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A fault current limiter (FCL) includes a series of high permeability posts for collectively define a core for the FCL. A DC coil, for the purposes of saturating a portion of the high permeability posts, surrounds the complete structure outside of an enclosure in the form of a vessel. The vessel contains a dielectric insulation medium. AC coils, for transporting AC current, are wound on insulating formers and electrically interconnected to each other in a manner such that the senses of the magnetic field produced by each AC coil in the corresponding high permeability core are opposing. There are insulation barriers between phases to improve dielectric withstand properties of the dielectric medium.

  11. Current Solicitations - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi Site OfficeCoursePublicCurrent ProjectsCurrentDOE -

  12. Current Wind Power Capacity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi Site OfficeCoursePublicCurrent ProjectsCurrentDOE

  13. Current Schedule of Experiments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGas SeparationsRelevant toSiteCurrent Long-Term OperatingCurrent

  14. Attack of the killer acronyms: The Future of IT Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guadamuz, Andres

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the reliance of internet technology law on acronyms, and its deeper socio-legal impact. It suggests that this resonantes for the future of research, teaching, and practice within information technology law.

  15. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures March 2013 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  16. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures November 2012 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  17. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures September 2011 (Revised ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  18. VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS Athanasios E. Tzavaras Abstract. These lecture notes deal with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation

  19. Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson

    2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.

  20. City of Madison- Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws...

  1. Mean-field Ohm's law and coaxial helicity injection in force-free plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weening, R. H. [Department of Radiologic Sciences, Thomas Jefferson University, 130 S. 9th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107-5233 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A theoretical analysis of steady-state coaxial helicity injection (CHI) in force-free plasmas is presented using a parallel mean-field Ohm's law that includes resistivity {eta} and hyper-resistivity {Lambda} terms. Using Boozer coordinates, a partial differential equation is derived for the time evolution of the mean-field poloidal magnetic flux, or magnetic Hamiltonian function, from the parallel mean-field Ohm's law. A general expression is obtained from the mean-field theory for the efficiency of CHI current drive in force-free plasmas. Inductances of internal energy, magnetic helicity, and poloidal magnetic flux are used to characterize axisymmetric plasma equilibria that have a model current profile. Using the model current profile, a method is suggested to determine the level of magnetohydrodynamic activity at the magnetic axis and the consequent deviation from the completely relaxed Taylor state. The mean-field Ohm's law model suggests that steady-state CHI can be viewed most simply as a boundary layer problem.

  2. Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.

  3. Lectures notes for introduction to environmental law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwell, J.J.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This four-hour overview course is designed to briefly describe the environmental law system. The course provides an overview that managers and technical people will find useful as a beginning course or a course that puts formerly taken detailed courses in perspective. The course begins by defining environmental law and describing the legal system that establishes compliance obligations. Then, all the major Environmental Acts such as The Water Pollution Control Act, The National Environmental Policy Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) are briefly described and interrelated. All the environmental DOE Orders, selected books, and other source material are referenced. Radioactive pollutants are not discussed; however, reference material is provided.

  4. Weyl laws for partially open quantum maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmanuel Schenck

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a toy model for "partially open" wave-mechanical system, like for instance a dielectric micro-cavity, in the semiclassical limit where ray dynamics is applicable. Our model is a quantized map on the 2-dimensional torus, with an additional damping at each time step, resulting in a subunitary propagator, or "damped quantum map". We obtain analogues of Weyl's laws for such maps in the semiclassical limit, and draw some more precise estimates when the classical dynamic is chaotic.

  5. Laws of thermodynamics and game theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Sakhnovich

    2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.

  6. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  7. Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\

  8. Power-law tailed spectra from equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Biro; G. Purcsel; G. Gyorgyi; A. Jakovac; Zs. Schram

    2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose that power-law tailed hadron spectra may be viewed as stemming from a matter in an unconventional equilibrium state typical for non-extensive thermodynamics. A non-extensive Boltzmann equation, which is able to form such spectra as a stationary solution, is utilized as a rough model of quark matter hadronization. Basic ideas about non-extensive simulation of the QCD equation of state on the lattice are presented.

  9. Alternative fuel information: State alternative fuel laws and incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laws and incentives related to the use of alternative fuels in automobiles are listed for most states of USA.

  10. Hydrogen Delivery- Current Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hydrogen is transported from the point of production to the point of use via pipeline, over the road in cryogenic liquid trucks or gaseous tube trailers, or by rail or barge. Read on to learn more about current hydrogen delivery and storage technologies.

  11. Current address: Samuel Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Samuel

    CV: E-mail : Homepage: Current address: Samuel Johnson samuel.johnson@imperial.ac.uk www. #12;Submitted work 1. The meaning of niche: Cause or consequence of food-web structure?, S. Johnson, V learning, S. Johnson, J. Marro, and J.J. Torres, PLoS ONE 8(1): e50276 (2013) 3. Enhancing neural network

  12. Power loss in open cavity diodes and a modified Child Langmuir Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debabrata Biswas; Raghwendra Kumar; R. R. Puri

    2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Diodes used in most high power devices are inherently open. It is shown that under such circumstances, there is a loss of electromagnetic radiation leading to a lower critical current as compared to closed diodes. The power loss can be incorporated in the standard Child-Langmuir framework by introducing an effective potential. The modified Child-Langmuir law can be used to predict the maximum power loss for a given plate separation and potential difference as well as the maximum transmitted current for this power loss. The effectiveness of the theory is tested numerically.

  13. Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 224.9 Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina (Spring 2006) Units: 3 Time: Mondays 3:20-6:00 Course Description: Recent hurricanes and other natural disasters demonstrate An Unnatural Disaster: The Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. This report, spearheaded by University of Texas law

  14. Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepelyansky, Dima

    Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky Laboratoire de Physique of such states is described by the fractal Weyl law, and their Husimi distributions closely follow the strange, and the concept of the fractal Weyl law has been introduced to describe the dependence of the number of resonant

  15. Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general ­ the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many

  16. The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook® How to add the BC Law Alumni Connections application to your Facebook profile............................................................. 2 How to bookmark the BC Law Alumni Connections application in Facebook so it shows on your profile

  17. OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION TO NON-EQUILIBRIUM TRAFFIC STEERING iteratively optimal control problems involving systems of conservation laws. The irregularity of discontinuous waves in computing an optimal (or suboptimal) control for systems of conservation laws

  18. SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY University of South Carolina $ Columbia, South Carolina 29208 $ 803/777-8296 An Equal Opportunity Institution School of Law Computer Support Policy I. Purpose: This policy outlines the support provided for law school computers by the School

  19. Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabeer, Onkar

    1 Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law Onkar Dabeer Subhasis Chaudhuri Onkar Dabeer;2 Abstract Weber's law suggests a logarithmic relationship between perceptual stimuli and human perception. The Weber sampler is an adaptive, non-uniform sampling mechanism that exploits Weber's law to sample

  20. Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position David Whitaker a transition between the scales that determine threshold results in the continuum known as Weber's law; Vernier acuity; Weber's law 1. Introduction The ability to accurately and veridically locate objects

  1. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fokkinga, Maarten M.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 5b Transformer and Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 5cLaw and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga #12;CIP-DATA KONINKLIJKE BIBLIOTHEEK, DEN HAAG Fokkinga, Maarten M. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga ­ [S.l.: s.n.] Thesis Enschede

  2. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. HereTHE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction. When I was 13, the intellectual world. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  3. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;2 DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  4. Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws Athanasios E with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discussed, as suggested by the second law

  5. Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student Date Student Name the student perform in a professionally responsible manner? Would you supervise another Michigan Law student.) Comments or suggestions regarding Michigan Law School's Pro Bono Program. From: I certify that completed

  6. Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM) Requirements on a topic related to energy or clean technology law through one of the courses listed below that requires of the first week of classes. C t Environmental Law & Energy Policy IP, Entrepreneurship & Energy

  7. Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hehner, Eric C.R.

    Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings Lists for loop 1/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings with exit for loop 2/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets

  8. Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 W. Adams St.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law International, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand

  9. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls on a wide array of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  10. Current reservoirs in the simple exclusion process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis; Maria Eulalia Vares

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the symmetric simple exclusion process in the interval $[-N,N]$ with additional birth and death processes respectively on $(N-K,N]$, $K>0$, and $[-N,-N+K)$. The exclusion is speeded up by a factor $N^2$, births and deaths by a factor $N$. Assuming propagation of chaos (a property proved in a companion paper "Truncated correlations in the stirring process with births and deaths") we prove convergence in the limit $N\\to \\infty$ to the linear heat equation with Dirichlet condition on the boundaries; the boundary conditions however are not known a priori, they are obtained by solving a non linear equation. The model simulates mass transport with current reservoirs at the boundaries and the Fourier law is proved to hold.

  11. Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unit costs for gas and electricity and a lack of incentives for conservation efforts due to the method of utility budget allocations. A building standard signed into law in 1976 could have reduced energy consumption, but was never enforced. Beginning...

  12. Aternating current photovoltaic building block

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bower, Ward Issac; Thomas, Michael G.; Ruby, Douglas S.

    2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A modular apparatus for and method of alternating current photovoltaic power generation comprising via a photovoltaic module, generating power in the form of direct current; and converting direct current to alternating current and exporting power via one or more power conversion and transfer units attached to the module, each unit comprising a unitary housing extending a length or width of the module, which housing comprises: contact means for receiving direct current from the module; one or more direct current-to-alternating current inverters; an alternating current bus; and contact means for receiving alternating current from the one or more inverters.

  13. HEMISPHERIC HELICITY TREND FOR SOLAR CYCLE 24

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hao Juan; Zhang Mei, E-mail: haojuan@nao.cas.cn [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, A20 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using vector magnetograms obtained with the Spectro-polarimeter (SP) on board Hinode satellite, we studied two helicity parameters (local twist and current helicity) of 64 active regions that occurred in the descending phase of solar cycle 23 and the ascending phase of solar cycle 24. Our analysis gives the following results. (1) The 34 active regions of the solar cycle 24 follow the so-called hemispheric helicity rule, whereas the 30 active regions of the solar cycle 23 do not. (2) When combining all 64 active regions as one sample, they follow the hemispheric helicity sign rule as in most other observations. (3) Despite the so-far most accurate measurement of vector magnetic field given by SP/Hinode, the rule is still weak with large scatters. (4) The data show evidence of different helicity signs between strong and weak fields, confirming previous result from a large sample of ground-based observations. (5) With two example sunspots we show that the helicity parameters change sign from the inner umbra to the outer penumbra, where the sign of penumbra agrees with the sign of the active region as a whole. From these results, we speculate that both the {Sigma}-effect (turbulent convection) and the dynamo have contributed in the generation of helicity, whereas in both cases turbulence in the convection zone has played a significant role.

  14. Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a courtroom to see in the business world, whether you're managing a personal business or working with corporate counsel. While the business law minor is not designed to make you a lawyer, it will help you recognize legal issues

  15. High current ion source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Ian G. (1088 Woodside Rd., Berkeley, CA 94708); MacGill, Robert A. (645 Kern St., Richmond, CA 94805); Galvin, James E. (2 Commodore Dr. #276, Emeryville, CA 94608)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ion source utilizing a cathode and anode for producing an electric arc therebetween. The arc is sufficient to vaporize a portion of the cathode to form a plasma. The plasma leaves the generation region and expands through another regon. The density profile of the plasma may be flattened using a magnetic field formed within a vacuum chamber. Ions are extracted from the plasma to produce a high current broad on beam.

  16. Fractional Power-Law Spatial Dispersion in Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarasov, Vasily E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb's law and Debye's screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type.

  17. Wind Energy Technology Trends: Comparing and Contrasting Recent Cost and Performance Forecasts (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Hand, M.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Poster depicts wind energy technology trends, comparing and contrasting recent cost and performance forecasts.

  18. Systematic Breakdown of Amontons' Law of Friction for an Elastic Object Locally Obeying Amontons' Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michio Otsuki; Hiroshi Matsukawa

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In many sliding systems consisting of solid object on a solid substrate under dry condition, the friction force does not depend on the apparent contact area and is proportional to the loading force. This behaviour is called Amontons' law and indicates that the friction coefficient, or the ratio of the friction force to the loading force, is constant. Here, however, using numerical and analytical methods, we show that Amontons' law breaks down systematically under certain conditions for an elastic object experiencing a friction force that locally obeys Amontons' law. The macroscopic static friction coefficient, which corresponds to the onset of bulk sliding of the object, decreases as pressure or system length increases. This decrease results from precursor slips before the onset of bulk sliding, and is consistent with the results of certain previous experiments. The mechanisms for these behaviours are clarified. These results will provide new insight into controlling friction.

  19. Fractional power-law spatial dispersion in electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E., E-mail: tarasov@theory.sinp.msu.ru [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Trujillo, Juan J., E-mail: jtrujill@ullmat.es [Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type. -- Highlights: •Plasma-like non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion. •Fractional differential equations for electric fields in the media. •The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for the media.

  20. Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Thomas J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.

  1. Android Power Management: Current and Future Soumya Kanti Datta, Christian Bonnet, Navid Nikaein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Android Power Management: Current and Future Trends Soumya Kanti Datta, Christian Bonnet, Navid security attacks are also briefed. Keywords-Android power management; usage pattern; SetCPU; JuiceDefender; power monitoring; privacy; security attack. I. INTRODUCTION Power management (PM) of computers has

  2. Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main

    2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.

  3. Physical Consonance Law of Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Goto

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sound consonance is the reason why it is possible to exist music in our life. However, rules of consonance between sounds had been found quite subjectively, just by hearing. To care for, the proposal is to establish a sound consonance law on the basis of mathematical and physical foundations. Nevertheless, the sensibility of the human auditory system to the audible range of frequencies is individual and depends on a several factors such as the age or the health in a such way that the human perception of the consonance as the pleasant sensation it produces, while reinforced by an exact physical relation, may involves as well the individual subjective feeling.

  4. Drag Law of Two Dimensional Granular Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satoshi Takada; Hisao Hayakawa

    2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Drag force law acting on a moving circular disk in a two-dimensional granular medium is analyzed based on the discrete element method (DEM). It is remarkable that the drag force on the moving disk in moderate dense and pure two-dimensional granular medium can be well reproduced by a perfect fluid with separation from the boundary. A yield force, being independent of the moving speed of the disk, appears if a dry friction between the granular disks and the bottom plate exists. The perfect fluidity is violated in this case. The yield force and the drag force diverge at the jamming point.

  5. Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Banks; Willy Fischler

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.

  6. Error of law and flawed administrative acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, David

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , n. 1 above; R. v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers, ex parte Datafin plc [1987] Q.B. 815, CA; R. (Cart) v Upper Tribunal (Public Law Project and another intervening), n. 7 above. 28 R. (Shoesmith) v Ofsted [2011] EWCA Civ 642, [2011] P.T.S.R. 1459... 30 R. v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers, ex parte Guinness plc [1990] 1 Q.B. 146 at 177, [1989] 1 All E.R. 509 at 526, CA, per Lord Donaldson M.R. See also R. v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Swati and Butt [1986] 1 W.L.R. 477...

  7. Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Collier

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.

  8. Laws & Legal Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015LMLandLaws & Legal

  9. NAC 484 - Traffic Laws | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to:MuskingumMyers-4 Jump-84 - Traffic Laws

  10. PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Schechter

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

  11. additional hard power-law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a vector of parame... Robinson, Peter M 2012-01-01 49 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  12. Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional Differences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natural Marketing Institute, Harleysville, Pennsylvania

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data in this report are taken from Natural Marketing Institute's (NMI's) Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability Consumer Trends Database. Created in 2002, the syndicated consumer database contains responses from 2,000 to 4,000 nationally representative U.S. adults (meaning the demographics of the sample are consistent with U.S. Census findings) each year. NMI used the database to analyze consumer attitudes and behavior related to renewable energy and to update previously conducted related research. Specifically, this report will explore consumer awareness, concerns, perceived benefits, knowledge of purchase options, and usage of renewable energy as well as provide regional comparisons and trends over time.

  13. Commercial Current Promotions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would like submit the following commentsCurrent-Promotions Sign In About |

  14. Energy Spectrum of the Electrons Accelerated by a Reconnection Electric Field: Exponential or Power Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Liu; P. F. Chen; M. D. Ding; C. Fang

    2009-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test-particle simulations of electron acceleration in a reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that the DC electric field alone might not be able to reproduce the observed single or double power-law distributions.

  15. McGill/Shantou Summer Law Program The Faculty of Law is delighted to announce that the McGill/Shantou Summer Law Program will be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    costs in China. Financial assistance may be requested in exceptional cases. The remainder of the costs (Guangdong Province, China), will offer an exciting opportunity for McGill and Shantou law students to learn, China, May 19-30, 2014 inclusive. Program Objectives The joint program offered by the Faculty of Law

  16. Water Quality Trends in the Entiat River Subbasin: Final 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodsmith, Richard; Bookter, Andy [PNW Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Wenatchee, WA

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The ISEMP program monitors the status and trend of water quality elements that may affect restoration project effectiveness in the Entiat subbasin. As part of this effort, the PNW Research Station (PNW) measures, analyzes and interprets temporal trends in natural stream water pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity and temperature. The Entiat River is currently on the Clean Water Act 303(d) list for pH exceedence, and there is insufficient information to determine the spatial and temporal extent or potential causes of this exceedence. In the spring 2008, PNW redeployed data-logging, multiparameter probes at four locations in the Entiat subbasin to measure water quality parameters, focusing on pH. This resumed previous data collection that was interrupted by river ice in early December 2007. Instruments were again removed from the river in early December 2008. This annual report covers the period from December 2007 through December 2008. The highest pH values occurred during the low-flow period from midsummer through the following midspring then dropped sharply during the annual snowmelt runoff period from late spring through early summer. Water temperature began rapidly increasing during the receding limb of the annual snowmelt hydrograph. Highest mean monthly temperatures occurred in July and August, while instantaneous maxima occurred during the period July-September. Dissolved oxygen reached its lowest levels during the period of highest water temperature in July-September. Specific conductivity remained very low at all sites throughout the year.

  17. Manpower trends and training requirements for radiation protection personnel in the DOE contractor system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trice, J.

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reports results of a survey undertaken jointly by the Office of Nuclear Safety and the Office of Industrial Relations, US Department of Energy, with assistance from Oak Ridge Associated Universities. The purpose of the survey was twofold: (1) to determine the current status and recent trends in technician-level radiation safety manpower among DOE contractors; and (2) to document the scope of radiation safety training activities for radiation protection technicians and other workers within the DOE contractor system. Data reported here were obtained both by use of a formal written questionnaire completed by staff at 34 government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) nuclear facilities and through supplemental documentation obtained from contractors of training procedures and requirements. The first half of this report describes trends in radiation protection manpower and reports workforce characteristics of health physics technicians. The second half of the report describes program requirements and procedures in those facilities that conduct formal in-house training programs for their radiation protection workforces. 4 figures, 22 tables.

  18. The Future of Democracy in Europe Trends, Analyses and Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    1 The Future of Democracy in Europe Trends, Analyses and Reforms A Green Paper for the Council-level accountability Mechanisms for direct citizen consultation Part III. Recommendations for reform Introduction Guidelines Our "wish list" of recommended reforms 1. Universal citizenship 2. Discretionary voting 3

  19. Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alderman, D. C. (DeForest Charles)

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley CONTENTS ......................................................................................................... Digest ...... 3... thousands of citrus trees and the growers were faced with a tremendous replanting program, which, in turn, had focused interest on varieties. Fruit production figures, yields per acre, and monetary returns per acre for five varieties of grapefruit...

  20. Trends in Regional Electricity Demands 1995-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Department of Energy in EIA form 861. Council staff takes annual reported retail sales by each utility. Street lighting sales are not metered but rather estimated . 10 #12;Losses are Defined as Energy LoadsTrends in Regional Electricity Demands 1995-2012 January 29, 2014 #12;In Today's Conversation

  1. Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and available water. As shown in Figure 4, most agricultural irrigation is in West and South Texas, far fromStatus and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas Irrigation is critical to our food production and food security and is a vital component of Texas' productive agricultural economy.Texas ranks third

  2. Security Threat Mitigation Trends in Low-cost RFID Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Security Threat Mitigation Trends in Low-cost RFID Systems Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro1,2 , Michel of security threat mitigation mecha- nisms in RFID systems, specially in low-cost RFID tags, are gaining great. Cryptography is a key tool to address these threats. Nevertheless, strong hardware constraints

  3. Maps of Trends in Diagnosed Diabetes and Obesity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    Maps of Trends in Diagnosed Diabetes and Obesity November 2011 CDC's Division of Diabetes of obesity and diagnosed diabetes among US adults aged 18 years or older from 1994 through 2010. During this period, the prevalence of obesity and the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes rose in all states. In 1994

  4. Unsupervised Trend Extraction for Prognostics and Condition Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    can be classified into three categories 1) Breakdown maintenance, 2) Preventive maintenance and 3.Mosallam@femto-st.fr e-mail: First Name.Last Name@ens2m.fr Abstract: Maintenance is becoming more expensive nowadays due as to use such trend in machinery health monitoring and maintenance needs. The proposed method does

  5. RETIREMENT TRENDS AND POLICIES TO ENCOURAGE WORK AMONG OLDER AMERICANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    retirement over much of the last century. Many public policies and private institutions that encouraged early are to be believed, most workers favor preserving the institutions that allow early retirement even if it meansRETIREMENT TRENDS AND POLICIES TO ENCOURAGE WORK AMONG OLDER AMERICANS by GARY BURTLESS AND JOSEPH

  6. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Status and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    54650 Acknowledgments Many agencies, institutions, and individuals contributed their time, energy benefits. The Emergency Wetlands Resources Act requires the Service to update its wetland status and trends and in the private sector. Some readers will use this information to gain insights on the effectiveness of wetland

  7. Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations Hilary W. Hoynes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations Hilary W. Hoynes Department of Economics, UC Davis 9, 2005 This paper was prepared for a symposium on poverty for the Journal of Economic Perspectives in real per capita GDP over the last three decades, the U.S. poverty rate has changed very little

  8. Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development Rahul Gokhale-monsoon Groundwater(GW) levels are important for the periodic categorisation of regions in India according to their GW-safety. A specific procedure has been recommended by the Groundwater Estimation Committee, 1997(GEC'97), constituted

  9. New Trends in the Use of Geosynthetics in Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    typically include both geosynthetics and earthen material components, (e.g. compacted clays for liners 1987) and to keep an upstream clay seepage control liner from dessicating in the Mission Dam (today1 New Trends in the Use of Geosynthetics in Environmental Applications Jorge G. Zornberg, Ph.D., P

  10. 4, 64736501, 2004 Is there a trend in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and in space to cover the global scale yields a best estimate of 0.05 Wm -2 for the radiative forcing due clouds and their climate effect remain highly uncertain. Boucher (1999) analyzed surface observationACPD 4, 6473­6501, 2004 Is there a trend in cirrus cloud cover due to aircraft traffic? F. Stordal

  11. Report for Treating Hanford LAW and WTP SW Simulants: Pilot Plant Mineralizing Flowsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arlin Olson

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy is responsible for managing the disposal of radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the Hanford site in Washington State. The Hanford waste treatment and immobilization plant (WPT) will separate the waste into a small volume of high level waste (HLW), containing most of the radioactive constituents, and a larger volume of low activity waste (LAW), containing most of the non-radioactive chemical and hazardous constituents. The HLW and LAW will be converted into immobilized waste forms for disposal. Currently there is inadequate LAW vitrification capacity planned at the WTP to complete the mission within the required timeframe. Therefore additional LAW capacity is required. One candidate supplemental treatment technology is the fluidized bed steam reformer process (FBSR). This report describes the demonstration testing of the FBSR process using a mineralizing flowsheet for treating simulated Hanford LAW and secondary waste from the WTP (WTP SW). The FBSR testing project produced leach-resistant solid products and environmentally compliant gaseous effluents. The solid products incorporated normally soluble ions into an alkali alumino-silicate (NaS) mineral matrix. Gaseous emissions were found to be within regulatory limits. Cesium and rhenium were captured in the mineralized products with system removal efficiencies of 99.999% and 99.998 respectively. The durability and leach performance of the FBSR granular solid were superior to the low activity reference material (LMR) glass standards. Normalized product consistency test (PCT) release rates for constituents of concern were approximately 2 orders of magnitude less than that of sodium in the Hanford glass [standard].

  12. Oscillatory nonohomic current drive for maintaining a plasma current

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisch, N.J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus and methods are described for maintaining a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

  13. Anesthesia Practice and Clinical Trends in Interventional Radiology: A European Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haslam, Philip J.; Yap, Bernard [Department of Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Mueller, Peter R. [Department of Radiology, WHT220, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 32 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Lee, Michael J. [Department of Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School, Dublin 9 (Ireland)

    2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine current European practice in interventional radiology regarding nursing care, anesthesia, and clinical care trends.Methods: A survey was sent to 977 European interventional radiologists to assess the use of sedoanalgesia, nursing care, monitoring equipment, pre- and postprocedural care, and clinical trends in interventional radiology. Patterns of sedoanalgesia were recorded for both vascular and visceral interventional procedures. Responders rated their preferred level of sedoanalgesia for each procedure as follows: (a) awake/alert, (b) drowsy/arousable, (c) asleep/arousable, (d) deep sedation, and (e) general anesthesia. Sedoanalgesic drugs and patient care trends were also recorded. A comparison was performed with data derived from a similar survey of interventional practice in the United States.Results: Two hundred and forty-three of 977 radiologists responded (25%). The total number of procedures analyzed was 210,194. The majority (56%) of diagnostic and therapeutic vascular procedures were performed at the awake/alert level of sedation, 32% were performed at the drowsy/arousable level, and 12% at deeper levels of sedation. The majority of visceral interventional procedures were performed at the drowsy/arousable level of sedation (41%), 29% were performed at deeper levels of sedation, and 30% at the awake/alert level. In general, more sedoanalgesia is used in the United States. Eighty-three percent of respondents reported the use of a full-time radiology nurse, 67% used routine blood pressure/pulse oximetry monitoring, and 46% reported the presence of a dedicated recovery area. Forty-nine percent reported daily patient rounds, 30% had inpatient hospital beds, and 51% had day case beds.Conclusion: This survey shows clear differences in the use of sedation for vascular and visceral interventional procedures. Many, often complex, procedures are performed at the awake/alert level of sedation in Europe, whereas deeper levels of sedation are used in the United States. Trends toward making interventional radiology a clinical specialty are evident, with 51% of respondents having day case beds, and 30% having inpatient beds.

  14. A dynamical law for slow crack growth in polycarbonate films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortet, Pierre-Philippe; Ciliberto, Sergio

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study experimentally the slow growth of a single crack in polycarbonate films submitted to uniaxial and constant imposed stress. For this visco-plastic material, we uncover a dynamical law that describes the dependence of the instantaneous crack velocity with experimental parameters. The law involves a Dugdale-Barenblatt static description of crack tip plastic zones associated to an Eyring's law and an empirical dependence with the crack length that may come from a residual elastic field.

  15. Controlling the Momentum Current of an Off-resonant Ratchet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. K. Shrestha; J. Ni; W. K. Lam; S. Wimberger; G. S. Summy

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally investigate the phenomenon of a quantum ratchet created by exposing a Bose-Einstein Condensate to short pulses of a potential which is periodic in both space and time. Such a ratchet is manifested by a directed current of particles, even though there is an absence of a net bias force. We confirm a recent theoretical prediction [M. Sadgrove and S. Wimberger, New J. Phys. \\textbf{11}, 083027 (2009)] that the current direction can be controlled by experimental parameters which leave the underlying symmetries of the system unchanged. We demonstrate that this behavior can be understood using a single variable containing many of the experimental parameters and thus the ratchet current is describable using a single universal scaling law.

  16. Absolute conservation law for black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Grumiller; W. Kummer

    1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In all 2d theories of gravity a conservation law connects the (space-time dependent) mass aspect function at all times and all radii with an integral of the matter fields. It depends on an arbitrary constant which may be interpreted as determining the initial value together with the initial values for the matter field. We discuss this for spherically reduced Einstein-gravity in a diagonal metric and in a Bondi-Sachs metric using the first order formulation of spherically reduced gravity, which allows easy and direct fixations of any type of gauge. The relation of our conserved quantity to the ADM and Bondi mass is investigated. Further possible applications (ideal fluid, black holes in higher dimensions or AdS spacetimes etc.) are straightforward generalizations.

  17. The Ultimate Law of Social Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overlander, Jacob Alphaeus

    1901-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 THE ULTIf'ATE LAW OF SOCIAL E7GLUTI0?-T. I n de termin ing the u n d e r l y i n g force? o f the s o c i a l organism, t h e o r i s t s and s c i e n t i... in the KU Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the Department of Sociology of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts P o c i t H g y • O v e r l...

  18. $?$-Deformed Statistics and Classical Fourmomentum Addition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Daszkiewicz; J. Lukierski; M. Woronowicz

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider $\\kappa$-deformed relativistic symmetries described algebraically by modified Majid-Ruegg bicrossproduct basis and investigate the quantization of field oscillators for the $\\kappa$-deformed free scalar fields on $\\kappa$-Minkowski space. By modification of standard multiplication rule, we postulate the $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of bosonic creation and annihilation operators. Our algebra permits to define the n-particle states with classical addition law for the fourmomenta in a way which is not in contradiction with the nonsymmetric quantum fourmomentum coproduct. We introduce $\\kappa$-deformed Fock space generated by our $\\kappa$-deformed oscillators which satisfy the standard algebraic relations with modified $\\kappa$-multiplication rule. We show that such a $\\kappa$-deformed bosonic Fock space is endowed with the conventional bosonic symmetry properties. Finally we discuss the role of $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of oscillators in field-theoretic noncommutative framework.

  19. Thermodynamic laws beyond free energy relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic laws, that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and entanglement theory.

  20. A Legal Options Approach to EC Company Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hertig, Gerard; McCahery, Joseph A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005), Enforcement of Corporate Governance Codes, ECGI LawETH Zurich). Professor of Corporate Governance and BusinessVisiting Professor of Corporate Governance at the Solvay

  1. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  2. abortion law reform: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to reform Massachusetts law Materials Science Websites Summary: , and access to health care. The course benefitted from the continued dedication of an exceptional teachingAdvocacy...

  3. Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.

  4. Arms control and the rule of law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.

  5. The fundamental properties of current controlled current source amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terry, Michael Buford

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis studies the fundamental properties of current controlled current source (CCCS) amplifiers for use in a wide bandwidth voltage gain application. Theoretical expressions are derived which describe the p'erformance of the CCCS in terms of circuit... of this research was to conduct a theoretical and experimental study of the fundamental properties of Current Controlled Current Source (CCCS) amplifiers. Of particular interest was the bandwidth independence on the closed loop voltage gain of the CCCS used...

  6. Stray current interference control for HVDC earth currents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzgerald, J.H. III [PSG Corrosion Engineering/Corrpro Cos., Detroit, MI (United States); Kroon, D.H. [Corrpro Companies Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines exist around the world, with several in the US. When one conductor must be taken out of operation (in case of emergency), the earth may be used as an alternate conductor. The earth current may be accumulated on and discharged from underground metallic structures that cross the voltage gradient created by the current. Test results on two lines showed that stray current interference is not a major problem if mitigated properly.

  7. Circulating current battery heater

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ashtiani, Cyrus N. (West Bloomfield, MI); Stuart, Thomas A. (Toledo, OH)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A circuit for heating energy storage devices such as batteries is provided. The circuit includes a pair of switches connected in a half-bridge configuration. Unidirectional current conduction devices are connected in parallel with each switch. A series resonant element for storing energy is connected from the energy storage device to the pair of switches. An energy storage device for intermediate storage of energy is connected in a loop with the series resonant element and one of the switches. The energy storage device which is being heated is connected in a loop with the series resonant element and the other switch. Energy from the heated energy storage device is transferred to the switched network and then recirculated back to the battery. The flow of energy through the battery causes internal power dissipation due to electrical to chemical conversion inefficiencies. The dissipated power causes the internal temperature of the battery to increase. Higher internal temperatures expand the cold temperature operating range and energy capacity utilization of the battery. As disclosed, either fixed frequency or variable frequency modulation schemes may be used to control the network.

  8. Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission (ICC). The Staggers Act is based on the premise that while the railroad industry once constituted a monopoly, requiring ICC regulation , this is no longer true (Keeler). It is held that competition is generally adequate to constrain any... shippers and to limit rates from falling below variable costs. Maximum rates are identified through specified revenue to variable cost ratios but apply only if the railroad is earning an "adequate" return on investment (Keeler). In addition...

  9. Second Symposium on ``Current trends in international fusion research: review and assessment`` Chairman`s summary of session

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Post, R.F.

    1998-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This session began with a keynote speech by B. Coppi of M.I.T., entitled: ``Physics of Fusion Burning Plasmas, Ignition, and Relevant Technology Issues.`` It continued with a second paper on the tokamak approach to fusion, presented by E. Mazzucato of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, entitled ``High Confinement Plasma Confinement Regime in TFTR Configurations with Reversed Magnetic Shear.`` The session continued with three talks discussing various aspects of the so-called ``Field Reversed Configuration`` (FRC), and concluded with a talk on a more general topic. The first of the three FRC papers, presented by J. Slough of the University of Washington, was entitled ``FRC Reactor for Deep Space Propulsion.`` This paper was followed by a paper by S. Goto of the Plasma Physics Laboratory of Osaka University in Japan, entitled ``Experimental Initiation of Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC) Toward Helium-3 Fusion.`` The third of the FRC papers, authored by H. Mimoto and Y. Tomito of the National Institute for Fusion Science, Nagoya, Japan, and presented by Y. Tomita was entitled ``Helium-3 Fusion Based on a Field-Reversed Configuration.`` The session was concluded with a paper presented by D. Ryutov of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory entitled: ``A User Facility for Research on Fusion Systems with Dense Plasmas.``

  10. Current emission trends for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds by month and state: Methodology and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohout, E.J.; Miller, D.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Rothman, D.S.; Saricks, C.L.; Stodolsky, F.; Hanson, D.A.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents estimates of monthly sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and nonmethane voltatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by sector, region, and state in the contiguous United States for the years 1975 through 1988. This work has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program`s Emissions and Controls Task Group by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The DOE project officer is Edward C. Trexler, DOE/FE Office of Planning and Environment.

  11. Current emission trends for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds by month and state: Methodology and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohout, E.J.; Miller, D.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Rothman, D.S.; Saricks, C.L.; Stodolsky, F.; Hanson, D.A.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents estimates of monthly sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and nonmethane voltatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by sector, region, and state in the contiguous United States for the years 1975 through 1988. This work has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program's Emissions and Controls Task Group by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The DOE project officer is Edward C. Trexler, DOE/FE Office of Planning and Environment.

  12. Epidemiology of HIV Among Injecting and Non-injecting Drug Users: Current Trends and Implications for Interventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathdee, Steffanie A.; Stockman, Jamila K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    24:249–269. 30. Hacker MA, Malta M, Enriquez M, Bastos FI:BMJ 2009, 338: b1649. 46. Malta M, Magnanini MM, StrathdeeEpub ahead of print). 47. Malta M, Strathdee SA, Magnanini

  13. Pipe line activity expected to maintain current levels throughout 1990s. [Global construction trends in natural gas and oil pipelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ives, G. Jr.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article consists of several smaller papers which discuss the construction projections for new oil and gas pipelines on a global basis, excluding the US and Canada. The paper provides numerous tables showing the projected types and mileages for proposed pipelines and the types of products to be shipped in each pipeline. The article features activities of individual countries and regions which have any significant oil or gas production. The individual papers are broken into continental regions including Europe, the North Sea, Africa, the Middle East, Indonesia, the Far East, Australia, Central America, and South America.

  14. Downloading Competition Law from a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA): A New Strategy to Introduce Competion Law in Bolivia and Ecuador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcos, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El derecho de la competencia en Bolivia”, Rev. Derecho de laal Consumidor. Casos de Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador,INTRODUCE COMPETITION LAW IN BOLIVIA AND ECUADOR Francisco

  15. Safety pharmacology — Current and emerging concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamdam, Junnat; Sethu, Swaminathan; Smith, Trevor; Alfirevic, Ana; Alhaidari, Mohammad [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Atkinson, Jeffrey [Lorraine University Pharmacolor Consultants Nancy PCN (France); Ayala, Mimieveshiofuo; Box, Helen; Cross, Michael [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Delaunois, Annie [UCB Pharma (Belgium); Dermody, Ailsa; Govindappa, Karthik [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Guillon, Jean-Michel [Sanofi-aventis (France); Jenkins, Rosalind [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Kenna, Gerry [Astra-Zeneca (United Kingdom); Lemmer, Björn [Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (Germany); Meecham, Ken [Huntingdon Life Sciences (United Kingdom); Olayanju, Adedamola [MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Pestel, Sabine [Boehringer-Ingelheim (Germany); Rothfuss, Andreas [Roche (Switzerland); and others

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Safety pharmacology (SP) is an essential part of the drug development process that aims to identify and predict adverse effects prior to clinical trials. SP studies are described in the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) S7A and S7B guidelines. The core battery and supplemental SP studies evaluate effects of a new chemical entity (NCE) at both anticipated therapeutic and supra-therapeutic exposures on major organ systems, including cardiovascular, central nervous, respiratory, renal and gastrointestinal. This review outlines the current practices and emerging concepts in SP studies including frontloading, parallel assessment of core battery studies, use of non-standard species, biomarkers, and combining toxicology and SP assessments. Integration of the newer approaches to routine SP studies may significantly enhance the scope of SP by refining and providing mechanistic insight to potential adverse effects associated with test compounds. - Highlights: • SP — mandatory non-clinical risk assessments performed during drug development. • SP organ system studies ensure the safety of clinical participants in FiH trials. • Frontloading in SP facilitates lead candidate drug selection. • Emerging trends: integrating SP-Toxicological endpoints; combined core battery tests.

  16. Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Laser User Facilities Program Current Awards Current Awards National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Current Awards Under Construction...

  17. Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Program Current Awards Current Awards Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) Program Current Awards Under Construction...

  18. To: Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider Law Firms From: Brad Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    and the details concerning the Law Firm Diversity Program for Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider (PPP) law that each PPP firm is eligible for a two percent quarterly or annual bonus based on whether it achieves of the PPP elections. First, we are pleased and honored to announce that all PPP firms have elected

  19. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  20. Two samples test for discrete power-law distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessi, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power-law distributions occur in wide variety of physical, biological, and social phenomena. In this paper, we propose a statistical hypothesis test based on the log-likelihood ratio to assess whether two samples of discrete data are drawn from the same power-law distribution.

  1. Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen School of Mathematics University the influence of human vi­ sion psychology. Weber's Law in psychology and psychophysics claims that hu­ man [Physica D, 60:259­268, 1992]. We study the issues of existence and uniqueness for the pro­ posed Weberized

  2. The Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuipers, Benjamin

    Introduction Much control theory is based on linear models. This works very well for steady state regulation cation." Again, design and validation of these control laws is based primarily on experienceThe Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy University of Texas

  3. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  4. UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC Where we began

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC #12;Where we began Launched in October 2003 by Professor Donald Nicolson. The first university Law Clinic in Scotland. Provides free legal assistance to people Prisons Project Initial Advice Clinics Consumer Project Innocence Project Schools Project #12;Peer

  5. Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde Law School "The Politics of Biotechnology Regulation ­ Perceptions of morality, trade, and EU-China and Politics in RiskRegulation of GMOs: A Comparison between the EU and China" 2:45 ­ 3:15 Coffee Break 3Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in EU-China Relations 11 November 2014

  6. Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law Emmanuel Witrant the problem of remote stabilization via communication networks involving some time- varying delays of known average dynamics. This problem arises when the control law is remotely implemented and leads

  7. Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations

  8. Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld

    2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.

  9. Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon

    2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.

  10. Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatton, Les

    Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation Les Hatton CISM, University of Kingston. This argument used Stirling's approximation which limits its relevance to larger component sizes. Although power to broaden Stirling's approximation to see if it corresponds with the departures from power-law observed

  11. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics, practicing environmental attorneys, and non. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  12. Efficient, Inexpensive Motors: A New Trend in The Motors Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wroblewksi, R. G.

    EFFICIENT, INEXPENSIVE MOTORS: A NEW TREND IN THE MOTORS MARKET Ronald G. Wroblewski, P.E. Trainer and Consultant ABSTRACT The Consortiwn for Energy Efficiency (CEE) has established criteria for premium-efficiency motors above the EPACf... standard. CEE has set a wrifonn efficiency benchmark that all market players (manufacturers, utilities, and end-users) can use. Some end-users however, have been reluctant to specify these motors because they think they are too expensive...

  13. tchen@engr.smu.edu Trends in Viruses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Thomas M.

    Tom Chen SMU tchen@engr.smu.edu Trends in Viruses and Worms #12;TC/IEEE/10-16-03 SMU Engineering p Super Worms? · Some Research Issues Outline #12;TC/IEEE/10-16-03 SMU Engineering p. 3 1979 1983 1988, Mutation Engine Concept macro virus #12;TC/IEEE/10-16-03 SMU Engineering p. 4 · 70,000+ viruses are known

  14. Temporal trends of contaminants recorded in sediments of Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crecelius, E.A.; Curl, H.C. Jr.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the temporal trends of contamination that can be inferred from the chemical composition of age-dated sediment cores from central Puget Sound. The fine-grain sediment (less than 10% sand) of the deep region (>150m) of central Puget Sound, which accumulates relatively undisturbed sediment at a rate of approximately 1 cm per year, provides a useful record of the history of contamination. 21 refs., 4 figs.

  15. Geology of eastern Smith Lake ore trend, Grants mineral belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ristorcelli, S.J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones in the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation (Jurassic) are the ore-bearing horizons of the eastern Smith Lake area. The Brushy Basin Member in this district consists of three sandstones with interbedded mudstones. Only the lower two sandstones contain ore. The sandstones are fine to coarse grained, well rounded, and arkosic, representing continental stream sediments. The lower sandstone contains rollfront ore. The redox interface is laterally extensive and well defined, extending at least 7 mi (11 km) west of the Bluewater fault zone. The ore generally occurs at the redox boundary but occasionally will be up to 1500 ft (450 m) updip. Limonitic alteration, where present, is downdip from the hematitic zone and is 100-1,500 ft (30 to 450 m) wide. The middle sandstone contains both trend ore and roll-front ore. The trend ore occurs downdip from the redox front in unoxidized ground. The redox front in the middle sand is also laterally extensive but displays a wedge shape, rather than a C shape. The clay assemblages of the two types of ore are different: the trend ore occurs in sands with the pore spaces filled with kaolinite; the roll-front ore is associated with altered illite-montmorillonite as grain coatings. Hematitic alteration is asociated with the latter. A second stage of kaolinite coats the illite-montmorillonite. Two periods of mineralization are suggested, but no absolute dates are known. The trend ore is the oldest (Jurassic) and is similar to the ore found in unoxidized ground elsewhere in the Grants region. The rollfront ore could be Laramide or post-Laramide because of its association with local Laramide structures.

  16. Web Science 2.0: Identifying Trends through Semantic Social Network Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gloor, Peter A.

    We introduce a novel set of social network analysis based algorithms for mining the Web, blogs, and online forums to identify trends and find the people launching these new trends. These algorithms have been implemented ...

  17. Generation of longitudinal electric current by the transversal electromagnetic field in collisional plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latyshev, A V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From kinetic Vlasov equation for collisional plasmas distribution function is received in square-law approximation on size of electromagnetic field. The formula for calculation electric current is deduced at any temperature (any degree of degeneration electronic gas). This formula contains one-dimension quadrature. It is shown, that the nonlinearity account leads to occurrence the longitudinal electric current directed along a wave vector. This longitudinal current is perpendicular to the known transversal classical current, received at the linear analysis. When frequency of collisions tends to zero, all received results for collisional plasma pass in known corresponding formulas for collisionless plasma. The case of small values of wave number is considered. It is shown, that the received quantity of longitudinal current at tendency of frequency of collisions to zero also passes in known corresponding expression of current for collisionless plasmas. Graphic comparison of dimensionless size of current is spen...

  18. Energy-momentum currents in Finsler/Kawaguchi Lagrangian formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takayoshi Ootsuka; Ryoko Yahagi; Muneyuki Ishida; Erico Tanaka

    2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We reformulate the standard Lagrangian formalism to a reparameterisation invariant Lagrangian formalism by means of Finsler and Kawaguchi geometry. In our formalism, various types of symmetries that appears in theories of physics are expressed geometrically by symmetries of Finsler (Kawaguchi) metric, and the conservation law of energy-momentum is a part of Euler-Lagrange equations. The application to scalar field, Dirac field, electromagnetic field and general relativity are discussed. By this formalism, we try to propose an alternative definition of energy-momentum current of gravity.

  19. Reversed field pinch current drive with oscillating helical fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farengo, Ricardo; Clemente, Roberto Antonio [Centro Atomico Bariloche e Instituto Balseiro, S.C. de Bariloche (8400), RN (Argentina); Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-970, Campinas, SP (Brazil)

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of oscillating helical magnetic fields to produce and sustain the toroidal and poloidal currents in a reversed field pinch (RFP) is investigated. A simple physical model that assumes fixed ions, massless electrons, and uniform density and resistivity is employed. Thermal effects are neglected in Ohm's law and helical coordinates are introduced to reduce the number of coupled nonlinear equations that must be advanced in time. The results show that it is possible to produce RFP-like magnetic field profiles with pinch parameters close to the experimental values. The efficiencies obtained for moderate resistivity, and the observed scaling, indicate that this could be a very attractive method for high temperature plasmas.

  20. A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

  1. Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliazar, Iddo I., E-mail: eliazar@post.tau.ac.il [Holon Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102 (Israel); Cohen, Morrel H., E-mail: mcohen@physics.rutgers.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.

  2. Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    patterns of energy consumption, trends in saturation andtrend in passenger transport in Mumbai and Maharashtra, and estimated the energy consumption

  3. Determining the extragalactic extinction law with SALT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido Finkelman; Noah Brosch; Alexei Y. Kniazev; David Buckley; Darragh O'Donoghue; Yas Hashimoto; Nicola Loaring; Encarni Romero; Martin Still; Petri Vaisanen

    2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2.94 mu m^{-1} by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image, and subtracting from these the actual images. We find that the extinction curves run parallel to the Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction to the selective extinction between the V and B bands is derived for each galaxy with an average of 2.82+-0.38, compared to a canonical value of 3.1 for the Milky Way. The similar values imply that galaxies with well-defined dark lanes have characteristic dust grain sizes similar to those of Galactic dust.

  4. From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...

  5. Impact of long-range correlations on trend detection in total ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Impact of long-range correlations on trend detection in total ozone 1234567 89A64BC7DEF72B4 F9BC4B725CE9393BE647 #12;Impact of long-range correlations on trend detection in total ozone Dmitry I; accepted 28 March 2007; published 24 July 2007. [1] Total ozone trends are typically studied using linear

  6. Long-term Trends in Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover Raymond A. Assel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long-term Trends in Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover Raymond A. Assel OPEN FILE REPORT December Commonwealth Blvd. Ann Arbor, MI 48105 #12;Long-Term Trends in Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover Raymond A is to give a brief overview of nearshore and lake wide trends in Great Lakes ice cover over the past one

  7. Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric aerosol forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric, the positive trend is almost equal. We attained these results by scrutinizing clear-sky global solar radiation ratio of solar radiation were used for constraining the observed trends. Increased absorption

  8. Retirement Trends and Patterns in the 1990s: The End of an Era?1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    of older men -- the well-known early retirement trend. In 1950, nearly three-quarters of all 65 year old clearly. The early retirement trend among older America men certainly appears to be over. The retirementRetirement Trends and Patterns in the 1990s: The End of an Era?1 Joseph F. Quinn Department

  9. IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, R. Douglas

    IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY by Eric Identifying Temporal Trends in Treated Sagebrush Communities Using Remotely Sensed Imagery by Eric D. Sant over time, brightness and greenness provided diagnostic trends and condition of treated big sagebrush

  10. The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    1 The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future Devin;2 The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future Devin Braun Ryan Endorf Stephen.3. Historical and Projected Fuel Use and Vehicle Miles Traveled Trends Section 2. Methodology Section 2

  11. Trends in Job Quality during the Great Recession: a Comparative Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Décembre 2012 Trends in Job Quality during the Great Recession: a Comparative Approach for the EU, Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière, Janine Leschke, Andrew Watt 161-1 Document de travail #12;#12;Trends in Job publication : Jean-Louis Dayan ISSN 1629-7997 ISBN 978-2-11-129831-6 #12;TRENDS IN JOB QUALITY DURING

  12. OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates

  13. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy

  14. LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1 LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2001 16 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 3937 words ANNUAL REVIEW OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY Law Journal; J.D. candidate, 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Ph

  15. Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, H.J.

    1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter are disclosed for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time. 9 figs.

  16. China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Jing

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China’s Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts ofChina’s Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts ofs industrial energy consumption trends from 1996 to 2010

  17. Ionization tube simmer current circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinkraus, Jr., Robert F. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current.

  18. Ionization tube simmer current circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinkraus, R.F. Jr.

    1994-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current. 6 figures.

  19. Geomagnetically Induced Currents / Telluric Currents and Potential for Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Geomagnetically Induced Currents / Telluric Currents and Potential for Power System Impacts from System Impacts for Extreme Size Storm Events #12;Space Weather ­ GIC & Power System Impacts Overview Aspects of Future Grid Expansion are Unsettled One Concept ~7 times increase in US 765kV Transmission

  20. Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 4: Review of Advanced Applications in Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ExcelSyus - Excel Energy Technologies, Ltd. http://pdf Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology Fault Detection and