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1

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data For the second straight month, near normal temperatures were observed throughout the contiguous United States in October 2008. On the regional level, temperatures did deviate above normal in the western United States while parts of the South, Southeast, and Northeast experienced below average temperatures. Accordingly, heating degree days for the contiguous United States as a whole were 1.4 percent above the average for the month of October, and 63.4 percent above a much warmer October 2007. In October 2008, retail sales of electricity decreased 4.4 percent compared to October 2007, which had warmer temperatures and subsequent higher demand for electricity. The average U.S. retail price of electricity continued to show an upward trend in October 2008, increasing 9.3

2

Global Increasing Trends in Annual Maximum Daily Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the presence of trends in annual maximum daily precipitation time series obtained from a global dataset of 8326 high-quality land-based observing stations with more than 30 years of record over the period from 1900 to 2009. ...

Seth Westra; Lisa V. Alexander; Francis W. Zwiers

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Unexpected increasing AOT trends over northwest Bay of Bengal in the early postmonsoon season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main point of our study is that aerosol trends can be created by changes in meteorology without changes in aerosol source strength. Over the 10 year period 2000–2009, in October, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) showed strong increasing aerosol optical thickness (AOT) trends of approximately 14% yr-1 over northwest Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the absence of AOT trends over the east of the Indian subcontinent. This was unexpected because sources of anthropogenic pollution were located over the Indian subcontinent and aerosol transport from the Indian subcontinent to northwest BoB was carried out by prevailing winds. In October, winds over the east of the Indian subcontinent were stronger than winds over northwest BoB, which resulted in wind convergence and accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB. Moreover, there was an increasing trend in wind convergence over northwest BoB. This led to increasing trends in the accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB and, consequently, to strong AOT trends over this area. In contrast to October, November showed no increasing AOT trends over northwest BoB or the nearby Indian subcontinent. The lack of AOT trends over northwest BoB corresponds to a lack of trends in wind convergence in that region. Finally, December domestic heating by the growing population resulted in positive AOT trends of similar magnitude over land and sea. Our findings illustrate that in order to explain and predict trends in regional aerosol loading, meteorological trends should be taken into consideration together with changes in aerosol source strength.

Kishcha, P.; Starobinets, B.; Long, Charles N.; Alpert, P.

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

4

Lack of uniform trends but increasing spatial variability in observed Indian rainfall extremes  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies disagree on how rainfall extremes over India have changed in space and time over the past half century, as well as on whether the changes observed are due to global warming or regional urbanization. Although a uniform and consistent decrease in moderate rainfall has been reported, a lack of agreement about trends in heavy rainfall may be due in part to differences in the characterization and spatial averaging of extremes. Here we use extreme value theory to examine trends in Indian rainfall over the past half century in the context of long-term, low-frequency variability.We show that when generalized extreme value theory is applied to annual maximum rainfall over India, no statistically significant spatially uniform trends are observed, in agreement with previous studies using different approaches. Furthermore, our space time regression analysis of the return levels points to increasing spatial variability of rainfall extremes over India. Our findings highlight the need for systematic examination of global versus regional drivers of trends in Indian rainfall extremes, and may help to inform flood hazard preparedness and water resource management in the region.

Ghosh, Subimal [ORNL; Das, Debasish [ORNL; Kao, Shih-Chieh [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Energy prices: Gasoline price increases in early 1985 interrupted previous trend  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, wholesale gasoline prices did not continue the downward trend begun in 1981 despite a continuing decline in crude oil prices. As a result, the spread between these two prices increased in 1985, but only to a level approximating what existed in 1981 and 1982. The Federal Trade Commission investigated two proposed mergers between Texaco, Inc., with Getty Oil Company and Chevron Corporation with Gulf Corporation that had the potential for anticompetitive effects. Using a regression analysis, GAO suggests that increases in concentration at the state level have a positive association with gasoline prices. Because the required divestitures eliminated the increases in concentration exceeding the merger guidelines, GAO believes the two mergers would have had only a small effect on prices.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

A Recent Increasing Trend in the Streamflow of Rivers in Southeastern South America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the records of streamflow during the period 1901–95 corresponding to four major rivers in southeastern South America: Uruguay, Negro, Paraná, and Paraguay. The emphasis is on the detection of long-term trends in the records. ...

JoséL. Genta; Gonzalo Perez-Iribarren; Carlos R. Mechoso

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Increasing Trend of Synoptic Activity and Its Relationship with Extreme Rain Events over Central India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of the increasing frequency of extreme rainfall events (ERE) in central India is investigated by relating their occurrence to synoptic activity. Using a long record of the paths and intensities of monsoon synoptic disturbances, a ...

R. S. Ajayamohan; William J. Merryfield; Viatcheslav V. Kharin

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Is the Recent Increasing Trend of Rainfall over Northeast Brazil Related to Sub-Saharan Drought?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, there has been an increase in rainfall over northeast Brazil (Nordeste), while over the sub-Saharan region there has been a drought. The correlation coefficients between the 11-yr running means of the rainfall series over the two ...

V. Brahmananda Rao; Emanuel Giarolla; Mary T. Kayano; Sergio H. Franchito

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Assessing the Increasing Trend in Northern Hemisphere Winter Storm Track Activity Using Surface Ship Observations and a Statistical Storm Track Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies, based largely on analyses of reanalysis datasets, suggest that the Northern Hemisphere winter storm track activity has increased significantly during the second half of the twentieth century. In this study, this increasing trend, ...

Edmund K. M. Chang

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The Roles of Precipitation Increases and Rural Land-Use Changes in Streamflow Trends in the Upper Mississippi River Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent trends in precipitation and streamflow in the United States have become a particular focus of hydroclimatic research. The U.S. Hydro-Climatic Data Network (HCDN) has proven to be especially useful for the analysis of long-term streamflow ...

J. P. Kochendorfer; J. A. Hubbart

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap Elizabeth Doris, Sarah Busche, and Stephen Hockett National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46670 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap

12

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

13

EIA - AEO2010 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Trends in Economic Activity Real gross domestic product returns to its pre-recession level by 2011 AEO2010 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 31). The rate of growth in real GDP depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.4 percent per year. Figure 31. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labot force, and productivity in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 32. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 33. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2008-2035

14

Prices & Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

15

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the Minnesota net metering policy is to give the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, especially solar electric systems (MN 2008). However, according to a published set of best practices (NNEC 2008) that prioritize the maximum development of solar markets within states, the Minnesota policy does not incorporate many of the important best practices that may help other states transform their solar energy markets and increase the amount of grid-connected distributed solar generation assets. Reasons cited include the low system size limit of 40kW (the best practices document recommends a 2 MW limit) and a lack of language protecting generators from additional utility fees. This study was conducted to compare Minnesota's policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions' net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states.

Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Rocky Mountains (PADD 4) Percent Utilization of Refinery Operable ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

75.3: 75.6: 74.6: 86.6: 89.7: 89.0: 91.1: 90.1: 81.0: 84.6: 83.9: 1990: 80.2: 80.5: 77.1: 78.7: 89.0: 89.5: 90.2: 92.2: 88.7: 79.2: 78.9: 77.5: 1991: 73.5: 78.5: 83.3 ...

17

Demographic trends in the European Union political and strategic implicaitons .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyzes adverse demographic trends in the European Union, including sub-replacement birthrates and increasing median ages. It investigates the implications of these trends for… (more)

Rasco, Clark Joseph

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Recycling Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...countries with low energy costs, such as Canada, Venezuela, Brazil, and Australia Recycling will increase in importance. For the United States, and ultimately for the rest of the aluminum-consuming world, recycling and resource recovery will play an increasingly important strategic role in ensuring a...

19

RetTrendReport1205.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Prepared by: Prepared by: Aon Consulting 111 Market Place Baltimore, MD 21202 www.aon.com Trends in Retirement Income and Retiree Medical Plans What's inside 1 Introduction 2 Defined Benefit Trends 5 Defined Contribution Plan Trends 7 Rationale Behind the Trends 9 Retiree Health Trends 11 Key Changes in Retiree Health Coverage 14 Appendix 1: DB Design Trends 16 Appendix 2: DC Design Trends 17 Appendix 3: Charts and Figures 29 Appendix 4: Recent Articles on DB Trends 30 Appendix 3: Recent Articles on Retiree Medical Trends Introduction Today, U.S. employers are finding it increasingly difficult to offer the level of retirement benefits provided to workers over the last half century. Factors impacting the changing landscape for retirement benefits include:

20

Trends in Exploitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSW upda te NOVEMBER 2011 Trends in Exploitation Labor Traf?Study of Women cosponsored “Trends in Exploitation: La- borand policy advocacy the trend in labor exploita- tion can be

Fardin, Halina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Asian Defense Spending Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1, APRIL 2013 Asian Defense Spending Trends David J. BERTEAUT his brief summarizes key trends and findings of two recentin gen- eral permits better trend analysis and cross-country

BERTEAU, David; HOFBAUER, Joachim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Data Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as the number of certifications increases, suggesting that improvement persists year after year and that there is value in repeat certification. DataTrends What is an...

23

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 2009 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data The contiguous United States as a whole experienced temperatures that were below normal in August 2009, particularly many States in the Central and Upper Midwest. However, above normal temperatures dominated the higher populated regions of the Northeast and Southeast, so on balance, total population-weighted cooling degree days for the contiguous United States were 6.6 percent above the average for the month of August. In August 2009, retail sales of electricity decreased 2.3 percent compared to August 2008. This decrease in retail sales was caused in part by the significant decline in industrial activity as observed by the 7.7-percent decrease in industrial retail sales over the same period. The average U.S. retail price of electricity decreased 2.4 percent in August 2009

24

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2009 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data In July 2009, the contiguous United States as a whole experienced temperatures that were below normal. This occurred because many States in the central and eastern part of the country set new records for the coolest July ever in 115 years of record. Accordingly, cooling degree days for the contiguous United States were 8.4 percent below the average for the month of July and 12.0 percent below a warmer July 2008. Retail sales of electricity decreased 6.5 percent in July 2009 compared to July 2008. This decrease in retail sales was caused in part by the significant decline in industrial activity as observed by the 12.5-percent decrease in industrial retail sales over the same period. The average U.S. retail price of electricity decreased 2.9 percent in July 2009 compared to

25

Radiometer Calibration Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiometer Calibration Trends S. M. Wilcox, T. L. Stoffel, and D. R. Myers National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Abstract Calibrations of Atmospheric Radiation...

26

Trends, Cycles, and Kinks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This presentation given at the OPIS 11th National Supply Summit looks at the impacts of the recent resession and changing market trends on refinery investment and ...

27

Trends Online Methane Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissions Introduction Annual Estimates of Global Anthropogenic Methane Emissions: 1860-1994 - D.I. Stern and R.K. Kaufmann Contents-Trends | CDIAC Home 102001...

28

Text reuse with ACL: (upward) trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With rapidly increasing community, a plethora of conferences related to Natural Language Processing and easy access to their proceedings make it essential to check the integrity and novelty of the new submissions. This study aims to investigate the trends ...

Parth Gupta; Paolo Rosso

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Political search trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Political Search Trends, a browser based web search analysis tool that (i) assigns a political leaning to web search queries, (ii) detects trending political queries in a given week, and (iii) links search queries to fact-checked statements. ... Keywords: fact-checking, partisanship, political blogs, query log mining

Ingmar Weber; Venkata Rama Kiran Garimella; Erik Borra

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

31

Trends in stationary energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

32

Occurrence Reporting Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reporting and Processing of Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends 1 * The trend of Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) occurrences across the Complex has been steady over the past five years. The trend of occurrence reports appears to trend very closely with changes in man hours worked. * The proportion of those occurrences that are considered high consequence occurrences has decreased from approximately 30 percent in 2007 to 15 percent in 2012. High consequence occurrences are defined as occurrences that are assigned either an ORPS Significance Category 1, 2 or Operational Emergency (OE), or a 13A (HQ Significant highlighted for Management attention). 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2

33

Trends in stationary energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

34

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

decrease in industrial retail sales over the same period. The average U.S. retail price of electricity continued to show an upward trend in February 2009 from the previous...

35

Trends, Cycles, and Kinks  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation given at the OPIS 11th National Supply Summit looks at the impacts of the recent resession and changing market trends on refinery investment and trade patterns in the Atlantic Basin.

Information Center

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

36

Biofuels Issues and Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biofuels Issues and Trends Biofuels Issues and Trends October 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. October 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends ii Table of Contents

37

Cesarean Delivery: Factors Affecting Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SM, Placek PJ, Liss T. Trends in the United States cesareanTW, Erner BK, Oser TL. Trends in the frequency of cesareancesarean birth epidemic: trends, causes, and solutions. Am J

Cheng, Yvonne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Secular Cycles and Millennial Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

both secular cycles and millennial up- ward trend dynamics.Cycles and Millennial Trends by Andrey Korotayev, ArtemySecular Cycles and Millennial Trends 1 Initially, we want to

Korotayev, Andrey V; Malkov, Artemy S; Khaltourina, Daria A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Occurrence Reporting Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reporting Trends Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends Occurrence Reporting Trends More Documents & Publications...

40

2011 Brief: Energy commodity price trends varied widely during ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This article is the first in a series of briefs on energy market trends in 2011. Crude oil and petroleum products led energy commodity price increases during 2011, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

42

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

43

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

44

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

45

General Trends in Cyclic Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...martensitic alloys (Ref 6). Similar softening trends are observed for the precipitation-strengthened

46

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

47

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to experience even greater energy supply uncertainties and price increases from fossil fuels. Recent trendsIncreasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report a time of growing volatility and uncertainty in world energy markets. Oil price increases, which hit oil

Damm, Werner

48

Are Corn Trend Yields Increasing at a Faster Rate?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crop yields are affected by a complex combination of factors, such as weather, seed genetics, and producer-level management techniques. Despite this

Mike Tannura; Scott Irwin; Darrel Good

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Automotive materials usage trends  

SciTech Connect

The materials composition of US passenger cars is traced from 1960 and projected into 1990's. Sales-weighted average vehicle-weight trends are analyzed in terms of shifts in the large/small car mix, downsizing, and downweighting. The growth in the usage of lightweight materials: -high strength steels, cast/wrought aluminum, plastics and composites - are examined in detail. Usage trends in a host of other materials such as alloy steels, zinc, lead, copper, etc. are also discussed. An approximate quantitative analysis of changes in the usage of steel by the automotive industry worldwide show that about 10% of total decline in Western-World steel consumption is accounted for by the automotive industry. An assessment is presented for automotive industry use of critical materials such as chromium in alloy steels/cast irons and the platinum group metals in exhaust-gas catalysts. 10 references, 13 figures, 9 tables.

Gjostein, N.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

IT Trends 2004: Offshore Outsourcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mpanies must understand the latest trends in global outsourcing. Recommendations Companies should not rush into offshore or nearshore outsourcing relationships without first understanding how to approach the endeavor (see Planning Assumption, Critical Success Factors for Offshore Outsourcing, Stephanie Moore). Global outsourcing is a complex undertaking that requires significant investment in knowledge acquisition and program management (see IdeaByte, Increasing Acceptance of Remote Programming and Maintenance Resources, Stephanie Moore, and IdeaByte, Organizing for Outsourcing: Offshore Governance, Stephanie Moore). To simplify this effort and increase the chance for success, companies should engage with vendors that have strong relationship and engagement management capabilities. For nearshore outsourcing at a low price point, companies should consider Mexico and Canada. Vendors in these countries can be viable near shore outsourcing alternatives, such as IBM Global Services (Mexic

Stephanie Moore

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Understanding Trends inUnderstanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(worldwide) Polynomial trend line e(2010$/kW 400 600 800 1,000 TurbinePric Recent wind turbine price quotes 0Understanding Trends inUnderstanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices OOver the Past Decade Mark Division · Energy Analysis Department Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Water Power Program) under

52

Future trends in oil and gas visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question that this panel wishes to explore is: What are the future visualization trends and requirements for the oil and gas industry to efficiently handle and explore the ever-increasing volume and variety of available data?It has been proven many ...

Francine Evans; William Volz; Geoffrey Dorn; Bernd Fröhlich; David M Roberts

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Bibliometric trend analysis on global graphene research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene is a rising star as one of the promising materials with many applications. Its global literature increased fast in recent years. In this work, bibliometric analysis and knowledge visualization technology were applied to evaluate global scientific ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, Co-authorship, Co-words, Graphene, Knowledge mapping, Research trend

Peng Hui Lv; Gui-Fang Wang; Yong Wan; Jia Liu; Qing Liu; Fei-Cheng Ma

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analyses to generate price trends more accurately. 8.Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Larry Dale, Camillewith regard to overall price trends and relative price of

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Trends in electric power technologies  

SciTech Connect

Research and development (R and D) on power plants is now aimed at increasing plant efficiency and reliability to avoid the high capital costs of new plant construction. The trend toward larger generating plants makes efficiency and reliability even more important. Studies include ways to improve operator judgment and minimize error by feeding continuous in-plant information into models of plant subsystems, efforts to improve fuel conversion efficiency by studying higher-temperature thermodynamics, ways to replace existing generators with superconducting generators, and to meet environmental needs with atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion. As fuel costs rise, the US will shift more toward coal and nuclear plants, with research aimed at optimizing performance. (DCK)

Starr, C.; Lihach, N.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Trends of petroleum fuels  

SciTech Connect

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

What were the key energy commodity price trends in 2011?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy commodity price trends varied widely during 2011. Crude oil and petroleum products prices increased during 2011, while natural gas, coal, and electricity prices declined. This article provides an overview of key energy commodity price trends in 2011 based on prices seen in futures markets.

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

59

Solar Pricing Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SB 2 1X SB 2 1X Category % of Retail Sales From Eligible Renewable Resources Date by Which Compliance Must Occur Category or Compliance Period 1 20% Dec. 31, 2013 Category or Compliance Period 2 25% Dec. 31, 2016 Category or Compliance Period 3 33% Dec. 31, 2020 2 Solar Pricing Trends 3 U.S. Grid-Connected PV Capacity Additions 4 U.S. Renewable Additions wind, 7537 MW biogas, 91 MW biomass, 330 MW geothermal, 910 MW ocean, 0 MW small hydro, 38 MW solar thermal, 3804 MW solar photovoltaic, 5778 MW CA IOU's Total Renewable Energy Capacity Currently Under Contract from Contracts Signed Since 2002, by Technology 5 CA IOU's Renewable Portfolio 6 CA IOU's Future Renewable Portfolio

60

Municipal Incineration of Refuse with 2 Percent and 4 Percent Additions of Four Plastics: Polyethylene, Polyurethane,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was mercury adsorption onto calcium sulfate (CaSO4), a byproduct of the flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wet., Powers K.W., and Pitoniak E.R. (2004) Method for Purifying Flue Gases from Combustion Sources. PatentCoupling of Advanced Oxidation and Adsorption Processes onto Silica-Titania Composites for Low

Columbia University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

China Total Cloud Amount Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Total Cloud Amount Over China DOI: 10.3334CDIACcli.008 data Data image Graphics Investigator Dale P. Kaiser Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental...

62

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of February 2008 increased 1.9 percent compared to February 2007. The average U.S. retail price of electricity for February 2008 showed a 2.5-percent increase from February 2007...

63

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Title Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Dale, Larry L., Camille Antinori, Michael A. McNeil, James E. McMahon, and Sydny K. Fujita Journal Energy Policy Volume 37 Issue 2 Pagination 597-605 Date Published November 20 Keywords appliance efficiency standards, price forecasts, EES-EG Abstract Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by the Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting:1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing.2. Past retail price predictions made by the DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices.3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices.4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

64

Publication Trends in American Meteorological Society Technical Journals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some statistical measures of growth of American Meteorological Society technical journals have been compiled. A general upward trend in total number of articles, pages, and an increase (nearly doubling during the past 20 years) in the average ...

Richard H. Johnson; Wayne H. Schubert

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

Lantz, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Natural gas 1995: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends addresses current issues affecting the natural gas industry and markets. Highlights of recent trends include: Natural gas wellhead prices generally declined throughout 1994 and for 1995 averages 22% below the year-earlier level; Seasonal patterns of natural gas production and wellhead prices have been significantly reduced during the past three year; Natural gas production rose 15% from 1985 through 1994, reaching 18.8 trillion cubic feet; Increasing amounts of natural gas have been imported; Since 1985, lower costs of producing and transporting natural gas have benefitted consumers; Consumers may see additional benefits as States examine regulatory changes aimed at increasing efficiency; and, The electric industry is being restructured in a fashion similar to the recent restructuring of the natural gas industry.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Trends in global monsoon area and precipitation over the past Pangchi Hsu,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in global monsoon area and precipitation over the past 30 years Pangchi Hsu,1 Tim Li,1­2008) indicates that there are consistent increasing trends in both the global monsoon area (GMA) and the global monsoon total precipitation (GMP). This positive monsoon rainfall trend differs from previous studies

Li, Tim

68

Geomagnetic control of the foF2 long-term trends A. V. Mikhailov1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic control of the foF2 long-term trends A. V. Mikhailov1 , D. Marin2 1 Institute dependence of trend magnitude on geomagnetic (invariant) latitude is con®rmed. Periods of negative/positive foF2 trends corresponding to the periods of long-term increasing/ decreasing geomagnetic activity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

New England Wind Forum: Cost Trends  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Cost Trends Cost Trends Figure 1: Cost of Energy and Cumulative Domestic Capacity This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. Click on the image to view a larger version. This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. View a larger version of the graph. Overall, the wind industry is experiencing long-term decreases in the cost to produce wind-generated electricity (Figure 1), despite recent short-term increases in upfront equipment costs. Even in the short term, however, the effect of increases in up-front capital costs on the cost of energy from wind power projects has been dampened by improvements in energy capture from the wind and decreases in operating and maintenance costs.

70

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Examines historical trends and focuses on major petroleum issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the petroleum industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to the volatility in petroleum markets.

Information Center

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Trends in the Health of Older Californians  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hing E, Burt CW, Hall MJ. Trend Data On Medical Encounters:Ver5-C.1 TRENDS IN THE HEALTH OF OLDER CALIFORNIANS: DataSurveys November 2008 TRENDS IN THE HEALTH OF OLDER

Wallace, Steven P.; Lee, Jennifer H.; Jawad, May Aydin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Hay harvesting services respond to market trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

services respond to market trends by Steven Blank, Karenyears, there has been a trend in California from harvesting1,300 pounds or more. This trend is influencing how hay-

Blank, Steven; Klonsky, Karen; Fuller, Kate

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Trends, Cycles, and Kinks - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Historical trends Recent cycle Kinks or shifts in trends Refinery Utilization Grew with Demand ... Across the year, ... Costs for construction were ...

74

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

> Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption...

75

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend.

David S. Schechter

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

China`s macro economic trends and power industry structure  

SciTech Connect

Since China adopted an open door policy in 1978, its economy has grown rapidly. Between 1980 and 1993, China`s real GNP growth averaged 9.4 percent per year. Economists at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences forecast that GNP will increase by 11.5 percent in 1994. During the rest of the decade, the Chinese government plans to reduce its annual GNP growth rate to 8-9 percent. During the 2001-2010 period, the economic growth rate is projected to decline to 6.5 percent per year. Table 1 compares China`s economic growth to other Asia-Pacific Economies, and includes projections to 2010. During the 1980s, China`s GDP growth rate was only second to that of South Korea. In the 1990`s, China is projected to have the highest economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region. China`s rapid economic growth is due to dramatic increases in the effective labor supply and effective capital stock. For the remainder of the 1990s, the effective labor supply should continue to increase rapidly because: (1) Chinese state enterprises are over-staffed and labor system reforms will move millions of these workers into more productive activities; (2) reforms in the wage system will provide increased incentives to work harder; (3) relaxation of migration controls from rural to urban areas will cause nominal labor in the industrial sector to accelerate; (4) differentials in personal income will increase and develop peer pressure on workers to work harder and earn more money; and (5) at China`s low personal income level, Chinese people are willing to trade leisure for more income as wages increase.

Binsheng Li; Johnson, C.J.; Hagen, R.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

This year's gasoline price increase not unusual - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and trends. FAQs ... although in some years, including this year, the price increase ... Over the past 20 years, the average period of rising prices in the ...

78

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data Temperatures throughout the contiguous United States were near normal for the fourth straight month in December 2008. However, regional differences in temperature occurred as the western, northwest, and central United States experienced colder than normal temperatures while much of the Southeast experienced warmer than normal temperatures. Accordingly, heating degree days for the contiguous United States as a whole were 0.9 percent above the average for the month of December 2008 and 3.0 percent above a warmer December 2007. In December 2008, retail sales of electricity increased 0.7 percent compared to December 2007. For the 12-month period ending December 2008, retail sales of electricity decreased 0.3 percent when compared to the previous 12-month period ending December 2007. The average U.S. retail price of

79

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data In the contiguous United States, near normal temperatures were observed throughout the country during the month of September 2008. The only deviation from normal temperatures occurred in the southern United States as below average temperatures prevailed for the month, while the western United States experienced above average temperatures during September 2008. Accordingly, cooling degree days for the contiguous United States as a whole were 9.7 percent above the average for the month of September, and 11.0 percent below a warmer September 2007. Retail sales of electricity for the month of September 2008 decreased 3.0 percent compared to the warmer temperatures and subsequent higher demand for electricity observed in September 2007. The average U.S. retail price of electricity for September 2008 showed a 9.1-percent increase

80

Labor market trends for health physicists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information is presented on the recent trends in enrollments, degrees and US civilian, non-medical employment for health physicists. This information is combined with other data such as salary comparisons, indicators of hiring difficulties by the federal government, and information received from employers to assess the current labor market status for health physicists. This information indicates that for the last several years demands for new graduate health physicists have been greater than supplies. An assessment of projected enrollment and degree trends and employment trends through the mid-1990s is presented. This assessment indicates that the current labor market situation is not likely to change -- the number of job openings will continue to exceed the number of new graduates available for employment. Moreover, information is presented which indicates that there are several factors at work in the general economy which will make is difficult to enhance health physics enrollments and degrees. Thus, while the recent increase in enrollments in health physics programs and the addition of two new programs in 1990 is encouraging, these are not enough to meet future employment needs. Employers will, in all likelihood, continue to have difficulties in hiring health physicists, and salaries will continue to be relatively high through the mid-1990s. 16 refs., 8 figs.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

TRENDS: METHANE EMISSIONS - INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of the total direct radiative forcing of long-lived greenhouse gases (2.45 Of the total direct radiative forcing of long-lived greenhouse gases (2.45 Wm-2), almost 20% is attributable to methane (CH4), according to the 1995 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 1995). Since the mid-1700s, the atmospheric concentration of methane has increased by about 145% (IPCC 1995). Thus, an understanding of the various sources of methane is important. Atmospheric methane is produced both from natural sources (e.g., wetlands) and from human activities (see global methane cycle, from Professor W.S. Reeburgh at the University of California Irvine). Total sources of methane to the atmosphere for the period 1980-1990 were about 535 (range of 410-660) Tg (1 Teragram = 1 million metric tons) CH4 per year, of which 160 (110-210) Tg CH4/yr were from natural sources and 375 (300-450) Tg CH4/yr

82

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Distribution Category UC-950 Petroleum 1996 Issues and Trends September 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Contacts Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas, Kenneth A. Vagts, Director (202/586-6401), and the EIA Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Webster C.

83

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States: Struggling to Remain Competitive in the Face of Strong Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost (and price) of energy delivered from a wind project.wind turbines has increased due to higher commodity (materials and energy) prices, andwind power, cost trends, price trends 1.0 Introduction Driven by concerns over climate and energy

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings Trend—Detail Commercial Floorspace Trend—Detail Background: Adjustment to data Trends in Buildings and Floorspace Each year buildings are added to and removed from the commercial buildings sector. Buildings are added by new construction or conversion of existing buildings from noncommercial to commercial activity. Buildings are removed by demolition or conversion from commercial to noncommercial activity. Number of Commercial Buildings In 1979, the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey estimated that there were 3.8 million commercial buildings in the United States; by 1992, the number increased 27 percent to 4.8 million (an average annual increase of 1.8%) (Figure 1). In 1995, the estimated number declined to 4.6 million buildings, but it is unlikely that there was an actual decline in the number of buildings. To understand the apparent decline, two factors should be considered—the change in the way that the target population of commercial buildings was defined in 1995 and the uncertainty of estimates from sample surveys:

85

Using Wavelets to Detect Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavelets are a new class of basis functions that are finding wide use for analyzing and interpreting time series data. This paper describes a new use for wavelets—identifying trends in time series. The general signal considered has a quadratic ...

Edgar L. Andreas; George Trevińo

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Materials Failure Trends in LWRs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hardware failures in U.S. nuclear plants cause forced outages, resulting in capacity factor losses of 10-20% and costing utilities hundreds of millions of dollars each year. This analysis of plant operating experience data identifies emerging materials-related failure trends and associated R&D needs.

1987-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

87

Key technology trends - Satellite systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is based on material extracted from the WTEC Panel Report Global Satellite Communications Technology and Systems, December 1998. It presents an overview of key technology trends in communications satellites in the last few years. After the ... Keywords: Communications satellites, Satellite communications, Satellite technology overview

Charles W. Bostian; William T. Brandon; Alfred U. Mac Rae; Christoph E. Mahle; Stephen A. Townes

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Bakken Shale Oil Production Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the conventional reservoirs decrease in discovering, producing and reserving, unconventional reservoirs are more remarkable in terms of discovering, development and having more reserve. More fields have been discovered where Barnett Shale and Bakken Shale are the most recently unconventional reservoir examples. Shale reservoirs are typically considered self-sourcing and have very low permeability ranging from 10-100 nanodarcies. Over the past few decades, numerous research projects and developments have been studied, but it seems there is still some contention and misunderstanding surrounding shale reservoirs. One of the largest shale in the United State is the Bakken Shale play. This study will describe the primary geologic characteristics, field development history, reservoir properties,and especially production trends, over the Bakken Shale play. Data are available for over hundred wells from different companies. Most production data come from the Production Data Application (HDPI) database and in the format of monthly production for oil, water and gas. Additional 95 well data including daily production rate, completion, Pressure Volume Temperature (PVT), pressure data are given from companies who sponsor for this research study. This study finds that there are three Types of well production trends in the Bakken formation. Each decline curve characteristic has an important meaning to the production trend of the Bakken Shale play. In the Type I production trend, the reservoir pressure drops below bubble point pressure and gas releasingout of the solution. With the Type II production trend, oil flows linearly from the matrix into the fracture system, either natural fracture or hydraulic fracture. Reservoir pressure is higher than the bubble point pressure during the producing time and oil flows as a single phase throughout the production period of the well. A Type III production trend typically has scattering production data from wells with a different Type of trend. It is difficult to study this Type of behavior because of scattering data, which leads to erroneous interpretation for the analysis. These production Types, especially Types I and II will give a new type curve matches for shale oil wells above or below the bubble point.

Tran, Tan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Utility Marketing Strategies & Pricing Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing seems to have come out of the utility closet once again, but it is a far sight different from that of the 1970s. While some are still on a “sell, Sell, SELL!” campaign, most are soberly looking at their customers from a different perspective. They are concerned about losing them to other service territories or seeing them vanish to domestic and foreign competition. There is a sense of a “strategic alliance” being sought by the most proactive of utilities in which they become allies of their customers. In this sense, the issue of how much these customers purchased from them vanishes into the shadows of the more important elements of the relationships. Oh sure, there still are some pushing technology as the customer’s answer. And there are others using incentive and other rate gambits to develop strategic load building. But there is a definite trend emerging toward building the relationship for the long haul and putting short range profit or number game objectives on the back burner. This paper investigates the most successful current utility marketing postures, how they are changing, where pricing fits in and what we are likely to see within the next few years. We will also illustrate the potential traps in competitive marketing and customer service that still lie in wait. We still see a major number of current marketing efforts that are unbalanced, unfairly reward luck, are wasteful and counterproductive. As many of you know, we strongly believe marketing must move from technology-based, “silver bullet” competition, frenetic non-competitive load retention dissipation and load claiming to relational-based marketing in which absolute integrity and service and their consequent trust become paramount. We believe utilities must build honest relationships with all their customers, not merely their energy purchasers. These include their fuel suppliers and regulators. When a utility is not trusted, the competitive situation is reduced to that of a commodity supplier in which price and terms constitute the whole of the relationship. Utilities reduced to this level of inadequate customer service ultimately will lose to those that recognize the alternative of adding value. As the nature and consequences of competition increase, so does the importance of breaking from the methods of the past.

Gilbert, J. S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Temporal trend analysis of RCRA groundwater monitoring data  

SciTech Connect

Statistical analysis of RCRA groundwater monitoring data at a uranium hexafluoride processing facility showed a statistically significant increase in the concentration of gross beta activity in monitor wells downgradient of surface impounds storing calcium fluoride sludge and high pH water. Because evidence of leakage had not been detected in lysimeters installed beneath the impounds, the operator sought an evaluation of other potential causes of the result, including natural variability. This study determined that all five data sets showed either long-term excursionary (spike-like), or seasonal forms of temporal variation. Gross beta had an upward long-term trend with multiple excursions that almost appeared to be seasonal. Gross alpha had an upward long-term trend with multiple excursions that were clearly not seasonal. Specific conductance had both upward and downward long-term trends but no other variations. pH had a downward long-term trend with multiple excursions that were clearly not seasonal. Fluoride had a downward long-term trend without excursions but with clear seasonal variations. The gross beta result that appeared to be a significant change was a spike event on the upward long-term trend.

Need, E.A. (Rust Environment and Infrastructure, Naperville, IL (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Biofuels Issues and Trends - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Full report Biofuels Issues and Trends Release date: October 15, 2012 (updated October 18, 2012 for cellulosic production and October 23, 2012 for RSF2 volume clarification) Highlights Biofuels is a collective term for liquid fuels derived from renewable sources, including ethanol, biodiesel, and other renewable liquid fuels. This report focuses on ethanol and biodiesel, the most widely available biofuels. From 2009 to the middle of 2012, the U.S. biofuels industry increased its output and prepared to meet an expanded Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2),1 which requires increasing volumes of biofuels use. In 2011, the biofuels industry transitioned away from tax incentives for non-cellulosic biofuels, which expired at the end of 2011. Annual ethanol and biodiesel consumption, production, imports, and exports during 2009-11

93

Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs: Development and Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As more states establish Energy Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS), goals for energy efficiency savings are increasing across the country. Increasingly, states are relying on their industrial energy efficiency programs to find and help implement those savings. Historically, industrial energy efficiency programs have not been completely effective at finding those savings, in large part because the programs have not been flexible enough to accommodate the heterogeneous needs and unique characteristics of the industrial sector. This paper will discuss the state of industrial energy efficiency programs today. Relying on an ACEEE-administered survey of 35 industrial energy efficiency programs, we will determine current trends and challenges, address emerging needs, and identify best practices in the administration of today's industrial efficiency programs. The paper will serve as an update on industrial energy efficiency program activities and discuss the ways in which today's programs are trying to serve their industrial clients better.

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.; Elliot, N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

U.S. Solar Market Trends 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar markets are booming in the United States due to rising energy prices, strong consumer demand, and financial incentives from the federal government, states and utilities. Over 62,000 new solar thermal and solar electric installations were completed in 2008, an increase of 16 % compared with 2007. The majority of market share for each solar technology is concentrated in a few states. Photovoltaic trends: • The capacity of photovoltaic (PV) installations completed in 2008 grew by 63 % compared with installations in 2007, and the average size of PV systems is increasing. • Installation growth by capacity was largest in the nonresidential sector, but the residential sector continues to dominate the number of installations. • Many states reported a doubling of PV capacity installed in

Larry Sherwood

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Trends for Outer Disk Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface-brightness profiles of galaxy disks fall into three main classes, based on whether they are simple exponentials (Type I), bend down at large radii (Type II, "truncations") or bend up at large radii (Type III, "antitruncations"). Here, we discuss how the frequency of these different profiles depends on Hubble type, environment, and the presence or absence of bars; these trends may herald important new tests for disk formation models.

Peter Erwin; Michael Pohlen; Leonel Gutierrez; John E. Beckman

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

Detection of bursty and emerging trends towards identification of researchers at the early stage of trends.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detection of trends is important in a variety of areas. Scientific research is no exception. While several methods have been proposed for trend detection, we… (more)

Decker, Sheron Levar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Experimental designs optimally balanced for trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: BLKL exchange algorithm, BT algorithm, adjustment algorithm, design efficiency, optimum design, response surface, trend-free design

A. C. Atkinson; A. N. Donev

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Emerging Global Trends in Advanced Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Emerging Global Trends in Advanced Manufacturing Stephanie S. Shipp, Project Leader Nayanee Gupta Bhavya Lal ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

SciTech Connect

Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

100

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different the plans to increase #12;#12;Energy Sector Waste Sector Recovered Wood Sawdust Logging Residues Forest

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Online Harassment in Context: Trends From Three Youth Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objective: The current study examines an increase in youth online harassment over the last decade in order to better explore the implications of the trend for prevention initiatives. Method: The Youth Internet Safety Surveys (YISSs) involved 3 crosssectional, nationally representative telephone surveys of 4,561 youth Internet users,

Lisa M. Jones; Kimberly J. Mitchell; David Finkelhor; Lisa M. Jones; Kimberly J. Mitchell; David Finkelhor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame by application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. A secondary and synergistic objective is purification and injection of produced water into Spraberry reservoirs.

David S. Schechter

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Economic Essentials of Online Publishing with Associated Trends and Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publishing with Associated Trends and Patterns Jay Hungand examines the economic trends and contrasts of upstarteconomic outlook, and examines the trends, similarities, and

Hung, Jay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

NERSC HPSS Storage Trends and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summaries Summaries Storage Trends and Summaries Total Bytes Utilized The growth in NERSC's storage systems amounts to roughly 1.7x per year. Total Bytes Utilized Number of Files Stored The growth in the number of files stored is less than the growth in the number of bytes stored as the average file size has increased over time. The average file size as of August 2003 is about 30 MB. The median file size is closer to 1 MB. Number of Files Monthly I/O The growth rate of I/O is roughly the same as the growth rate of the number of bytes stored. As a rough rule of thumb, the amount of I/O per month is about 10% to 14% of the amount of data residing in the storage systems. Additional graphs show the last 30 days of activity for the amount of I/O and the number of files transferred.

105

Vehicle trends and future gasoline needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The passenger car continues to change at a rapid pace, responding both to customers' preferences and to regulations. Vehicle trends place demands on the powertrain for high specific output, efficiency and reliability. Engine design and calibration must be optimized to utilize available fuel octane fully since low speed knock remains a significant constraint. Emerging capabilities for engine control provide flexible, adaptive approaches for fuel/engine matching. Recent, substantial increases in fuel volatility raise concerns for both driveability and emissions. Expanded use of fuel injection will be helpful for future vehicles, but new problems have appeared, and tighter definition of gasoline properties will be needed. The high sensitivity of fuel systems and emission controls to fuel quality is demonstrated by injector deposits and plugged catalysts. Dependable gasoline quality is essential. High standards of quality and reliability are necessary for fuel and lubricant products. The precision offered by current emission control systems can only be achieved with fuels that are properly prepared and marketed.

Baker, R.E.; Chui, G.K.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Updated: November 25, 2013 For prior report data see Natural Gas Year-in-Review archives EIA's Natural Gas Issues and Trends highlights timely information and analyses on natural gas markets. Natural gas prices reflect decreasing seasonality. Today in Energy, November 20, 2013 Increased Northeast natural gas production reduces net inflow of supply from other areas. Today in Energy, November 19, 2013 Gas pipeline expansions reduce Marcellus backup, New York gas prices. Natural Gas Weekly Update, November 13, 2013 EIA projects lower natural gas use this winter. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 31, 2013 Northeast net imports from Canada plummet, driven by export growth at Niagara Falls. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 10, 2013

107

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

108

Trend Change Detection in NDVI Time Series: Effects of Inter-Annual Variability and Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Changing trends in ecosystem productivity can be quantified using satellite observations of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). However, the estimation of trends from NDVI time series differs substantially depending on analyzed satellite dataset, the corresponding spatiotemporal resolution, and the applied statistical method. Here we compare the performance of a wide range of trend estimation methods and demonstrate that performance decreases with increasing inter-annual variability in the NDVI time series. Trend slope estimates based on annual aggregated time series or based on a seasonal-trend model show better performances than methods that remove the seasonal cycle of the time series. A breakpoint detection analysis reveals that an overestimation of breakpoints in NDVI trends can result in wrong or even opposite trend estimates. Based on our results, we give practical recommendations for the application of trend methods on long-term NDVI time series. Particularly, we apply and compare different methods on NDVI time series in Alaska, where both greening and browning trends have been previously observed. Here, the multi-method uncertainty of NDVI trendsRemote Sens. 2013, 5 2114

Matthias Forkel; Nuno Carvalhais; Jan Verbesselt; Miguel D. Mahecha; Christopher S. R. Neigh; Markus Reichstein

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Trend Identification in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall: The Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is an increasing interest in examining long-term trends in measures of snow climatology. An examination of the U.S. daily snowfall records for 1900–2004 revealed numerous apparent inconsistencies. For example, long-term snowfall trends ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Michael A. Palecki; Kenneth G. Hubbard; David A. Robinson; Kelly T. Redmond; David R. Easterling

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Occupational Safety Performance Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Occupational Safety Trends More Documents & Publications Strategic Safety Goals EA-1954: Draft Environmental Assessment Development of the Nuclear Safety Information Dashboard...

111

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The...

112

4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 39 Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates 4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates

113

Renewable Energy Trends 2003 - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA Renewable Energy Trends 2003 With Preliminary Data For 2003 July 2004 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels

114

Trends in worldwide nanotechnology patent applications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3. The evolution trends of the other 11 coun- tries'/regions ... nanoparticles,'' ''Quantum dots,'' ''Single walled carbon nanotubes,'' ''Solar cells,'' and ...

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

115

Time Trends in Dutch Children's Mental Health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigated time trends in Dutch children's and adolescent's mental health problems by comparing population samples from different time periods. From 1983 to 2003,… (more)

Tick, N.T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Trends and Transitions in the Diesel Market  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A presentation at the 2007 NPRA Annual Meeting focusing on trends in the diesel market. The presentation reviews the status of the ULSD program and highlights recent ...

117

Trends in Utility Scale Renewable Electricity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov Trends in Utility Scale Renewable Electricity for ReTech 2012

118

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect

The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

David S. Schechter

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

119

Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

120

Cost trends and government incentives in the California photovoltaics market, 2007-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this thesis is to analyze cost trends and government incentives in the California PV market during 2007-2008. The data show that pre-rebate system costs increased in California during this time period and that ...

Wang Yan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Trends in Severe Local Storm Watch Verification at the National Severe Storms Forecast Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends of tornado and severe thunderstorm watch verification for the period 1967–1990 are presented. Over the past 10 years the annual number of reported severe thunderstorm events has increased substantially. In comparison, the number of tornado ...

Richard W. Anthony; Preston W. Leftwich Jr.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Present Wave Climate in the Bay of Biscay: Spatiotemporal Variability and Trends from 1958 to 2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate change impacts on wave conditions can increase the risk of offshore and coastal hazards. The present paper investigates wave climate multidecadal trends and interannual variability in the Bay of Biscay during the past decades (1958–2001). ...

Elodie Charles; Déborah Idier; Jérôme Thiébot; Gonéri Le Cozannet; Rodrigo Pedreros; Fabrice Ardhuin; Serge Planton

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, two alarming trends in North Atlantic climate have been noted: an increase in the intensity and frequency of Atlantic hurricanes and a rapid decrease in Greenland ice sheet volume. Both of these phenomena occurred while a ...

Mingfang Ting; Yochanan Kushnir; Richard Seager; Cuihua Li

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Trends in High-Performance Computer Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in High-Performance Computer Architecture David J. Lilja Department of Electrical;Historical Trends and Perspective pre-WW II: Mechanical calculating machines WW II - 50's: Technology of Minnesota April 1996 #12;Performance Metrics System throughput - work per unit time rate - used by system

Minnesota, University of

125

Trends and Transitions in the Diesel Market  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A presentation at the 2007 NPRA Annual Meeting focusing on trends in the diesel market. The presentation reviews the status of the ULSD program and highlights recent changes and trends in the distillate market that point towards continued strength in diesel prices relative to gasoline for some time.

Information Center

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

126

ICTD interventions: trends over the last decade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we examine Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) technology interventions that have been developed over the last decade. The purpose is to provide a snapshot of the trends that have characterized ICT4D technology ... Keywords: ICTD technology interventions, ICTD trends, design and evaluation methodology, systematic reviews

Christopher Chepken; Raymond Mugwanya; Edwin Blake; Gary Marsden

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Decreasing Reliability and Increasing Synchroneity of Western North American Streamflow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing climate-related societal vulnerability and mitigating impacts requires timely diagnosis of the nature of regional hydrologic change. A late-twentieth-century emergent trend is discovered toward increasing year-to-year variance (...

Shaleen Jain; Martin Hoerling; Jon Eischeid

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends 49 The U.S. is heavily reliant on the world crude oil market, which has been subject to huge inter-annual volatility since 1973. Neither of these facts is likely to change. Domestic crude oil production declined over the past decade, while domestic crude oil demand increased. The difference was satisfied by increased crude oil imports. The United States' proved crude oil reserves declined more than 21 percent from 1985 to 1995. Its technically recoverable crude oil resources beyond proved reserves are estimated to be about 6 times more than the year-end 1995 proved reserves. However, excepting the Gulf of Mexico and the Alaskan offshore, many of the most promising oil-prone regions of the country are presently off-limits to exploration. Over the

129

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

130

U.S. exports of petroleum products increase as markets become more ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total U.S. exports of finished petroleum products have increased more than 60% since 2007 as markets have become more globally integrated. This trend is driven ...

131

U.S. wind generation increased 27% in 2011 - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Generation from wind turbines in the United States increased 27% in 2011 compared to 2010, continuing a trend of rapid growth. During the past five years capacity ...

132

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Homepage Homepage Market Trends Economic Activity Renewables International Oil Markets Oil & Natural Gas Energy Demand Coal Electricity Emissions The projections in AEO2001 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

133

Engineering salary trends in the petroleum industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the changes that occur cyclically in engineering manpower supply/demand trends in the petroleum industry, it is desirable to have an awareness of some of the major activities and factors affecting such trends; of starting Petroleum Engineering salaries relating to that background; of the on-going engineering salary status which developed from these activities; and of the large effect that high starting and on-going salaries do have in attracting and retaining engineers within the petroleum industry. It is important to realize that changes in industry trends can be brought about both by economic and political decisions, in both domestic and international activities.

Brown, D.C.; Terrant, L.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

International, National, and Virginia Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to the electric power industry. The demand for electricity is increasing daily in order to sustain;16 Coal Consumed by the Electric Power Industry Coal Consumed by Other Industry and Miscellaneous Coal, shorter-term wholesale electricity transactions, and industry consolidation and structural changes (EIA

136

DataTrends Water Use Tracking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use Tracking Use Tracking Organizations across the country are measuring and tracking the water use of over 50,000 buildings using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. These buildings represent close to 20% of all buildings in Portfolio Manager. EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. This document presents the general trends seen in the water data. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations are tracking water consumption in a wide variety of buildings located in all 50 states. The most common types of buildings with water data are

137

Climate Change in California: Trends, Interpretation, Simulations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in California: Trends, Interpretation, Simulations and Impacts Speaker(s): Philip B. Duffy Date: May 19, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 This talk will discuss some of my recent...

138

Climatic Trends in the Southern Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of monthly mean sea level pressure, surface air temperature, and 500 mb and 300 mb geopotential heights and temperatures are used to study trends in the Southern Hemisphere from 1951–81.

Kingtse C. Mo; Harry Van Loon

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

AO, COWL, and Observed Climate Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear trends for a number of fields obtained from the reanalyses of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) are calculated for the Northern Hemisphere winter months (January–...

Qigang Wu; David M. Straus

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Research Trends in Information-Driven Manufacturing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Trends in Information-Driven Manufacturing Speaker(s): Steven Ray Date: October 30, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Arun Majumdar Recent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Emerging trends in the satellite industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

On Trends in Historical Marine Wind Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compilations of surface winds from ship reports since 1854 show a number of long period variations, including a trend toward strengthening winds over the past three decades. Some investigators indicate that these variations are real changes in ...

Vincent J. Cardone; Juliet G. Greenwood; Mark A. Cane

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends EETD's energy efficiency program and market trends research includes technical, economic and policy analysis to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to utility-sector energy efficiency programs and regulation, and government-funded energy efficiency initiatives. LBNL's research in this area is focused on: Energy efficiency portfolio planning and market assessment, Design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives Utility sector energy efficiency business models, Options for administering energy efficiency programs, Evaluation, measurement and verification of energy efficiency impacts and ESCO industry and market trends and performance.

144

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors— residential, and industrial— periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

145

Precipitation Trends on the Canadian Prairies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian prairies are a major producer of grain, much of which is produced under rain-fed agriculture. The amount and timing of precipitation are critical to grain production. Information on the precipitation trend is therefore vital to this ...

O. O. Akinremi; S. M. McGinn; H. W. Cutforth

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Fossil Power Plant Cost and Performance Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is one of two companion studies that describe trends in operating costs and reliability of fossil steam plants since 1970. The studies are a foundation for more sophisticated statistical studies aimed at modeling and predicting the impacts of cycling. This report summarizes results for coal-fired steam generating units, contrasting performance across 112 baseload plants, 68 load-following/cycling plants, and 118 plants that varied their operations for at least three years. Annual trends are p...

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

147

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January 31, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 THIS SEMINAR HAS BEEN CANCELED. WE MAY RESCHEDULE IT SOON. The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying

148

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3122 The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying energy-efficient best practices from the outset in new industrial

149

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Sustainable Transport in Canadian Cities: Cycling Trends and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport policies, and trends in Germany and the U.S. Other265–279. ???. 2005. Cycling Trends and Policies in Canadianin North America? Recent trends and alternative policies to

Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Technology and its Display Trends. ” DisplaySearch, 20102010. “3D TV Technology Trend and Forecast” LG Electronics,Price et al. 2006. “Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-56144 Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use andAC02-05CH11231. ii Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use andConsumption iii iv Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Trends in the Health of Young Children in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Brief October 2008 Trends in the Health of YoungThis brief examines trends in key health indicators forpoints (Exhibit 2). This trend has kept the overall health

Grant, David; Kurosky, Samantha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the United States Markof these drivers – i.e. , trends in U.S. wind power prices –Capacity Wind Power Price Trends in the U.S. Berkeley Lab

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Trends in Educational Assortative Marriage From 1940 to 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L . and H . - H . L u . 2000. "Trends i n Cohabitation and8580. Freeman, C.E. 2004. Trends in Educational Equity ofShifting Boundaries: Trends i n Religious and Educational

Schwartz, Christine R; Mare, Robert D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Juvenilization of Poverty: Trends, Relative Risks, Causes,Washington, DC: Academic Press. Trends in the Inheritance ofThomas A. DiPrete. 1990. "Recent Trends in the Process of

Musick, Kelly; Mare, Robert D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Center Energy Data Center Energy Consumption Trends to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Data Center Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption Trends

158

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Title Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Publication Type Journal Article Year of...

159

Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections Title Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections Publication...

160

Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation. San...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities Title An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based...

162

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries,...

163

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Title Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Publication Type...

164

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the scenarios. Energy consumption is driven by thepatterns of energy consumption, trends in saturation andcomponents and trends in energy consumption in the world’s

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options Title TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options Publication Type Report LBNL...

166

Visibility Trends for Coastal Regions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increased biomass burning (e.g., forest fires, controlled burns, etc.) and anthropogenic emissions into the earth's atmosphere in the past century have led to much debate with regard to greenhouse gases, atmospheric carbon buildup, aerosol increases, and global warming. Atmospheric aerosols are linked to reduced air quality and visibility (V) in many parts of the world. In south-central South Carolina visibility reduction has been responsible for traffic fatalities on public highways, with resulting lawsuits against governmental entities. Congress passed the Clean Air Act in 1963, with amendments in 1970, 1977, and 1990 to improve air quality. The actual implementation of the Clean Air Act has been an intermittent process because of litigation over some provisions of the Act. However, it is reasonable to assume that visibility has improved in the U.S. over the past decades due to implementation of the Clean Air Act's provisions. In this study visibility data have been acquired for seven weather stations along or near the U.S. East Coast to study how conditions have changed from the 1980s to the 1990s.

Weber, A.H.

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

167

Collaboration software to reduce inventory and increase response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some recent trends in business and manufacturing hold the promise of greater profits, yet, due to profit-robbing inventory increases, this promise has not been fully realized. [9] The major trends influencing this are:.Globally and organizationally ... Keywords: 6EJB, J2EE, JSP, Java, XML, business intelligence, demand chain, enterprise application software, internet, intranet, supply chain, value chain, web-based software

Indu Bingham; Barbara Hoefle; Kim Phan; Jim Sizemore; Arthur M. Keller

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home > Residential > Residential Home Page > Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001 Cooking Trends in the United States : Are We Really Becoming a Fast Food Country? Graphic of vegetables A popular perception is that Americans now spend less time in the kitchen than in the past. Has there been an identifiable trend toward cooking less in the 1990s, or have cooking habits remained relatively constant over that period? And what characteristics of American households can be seen to influence their cooking patterns? The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) collects data on household characteristics as well as on residential energy consumption. The first RECS was conducted in 1978 and the eleventh and most recent survey was conducted in 2001. This report will refer to data collected in the 1993 and 2001 RECS.

169

Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Great 2006 Heat Wave over California and Nevada: Signal of an Increasing Trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the great California–Nevada heat waves can be classified into primarily daytime or nighttime events depending on whether atmospheric conditions are dry or humid. A rash of nighttime-accentuated events in the last decade was punctuated by ...

Alexander Gershunov; Daniel R. Cayan; Sam F. Iacobellis

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6) 6) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1996 Issues and Trends December 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends provides a summary of  Chapter 1. "Overview," Mary E. Carlson (202/586-4749). the latest data and information relating to the U.S. natural gas

173

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute â—Ź Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Prepared under Task No. IGST.7330 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

174

Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5) 5) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends November 1995 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends has been prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide a summary of the latest data and information relating to the natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission,

175

DataTrends Energy Use Benchmarking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Benchmarking The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. As of December 2011, organizations have used Portfolio Manager to track and manage the energy use of over 260,000 buildings across all 50 states, representing over 28 billion square feet (nearly 40% of the commercial market). Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations use Portfolio Manager to benchmark the energy use of their buildings. Office, K-12

176

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Prepared under Task No. ASG5.1003 Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

177

Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1994 Issues and Trends July 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. ii Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends Energy Information Administration Contacts Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, under the direction of Diane W. Lique (202/586-6401). General information concerning this report may be obtained from Joan

178

Condensation temperature trends among stars with planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from detailed spectroscopic analyses of stars hosting massive planets are employed to search for trends between abundances and condensation temperatures. The elements C, S, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn are included in the analysis of 64 stars with planets and 33 comparison stars. No significant trends are evident in the data. This null result suggests that accretion of rocky material onto the photospheres of stars with planets is not the primary explanation for their high metallicities. However, the differences between the solar photospheric and meteoritic abundances do display a weak but significant trend with condensation temperature. This suggests that the metallicity of the sun's envelope has been enriched relative to its interior by about 0.07 dex.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

179

NFI Publishes White Paper on Trends, Challenges and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NFI Publishes White Paper on Trends, Challenges and Strategy in Forensic Science. April 9, 2013. ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

180

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CHAPTER 1: WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CHAPTER 1: WORLD OIL TRENDS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Onshore Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Offshore Oil Production

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

TRENDS AND ISSUES Do People Save Enough for Retirement?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;TIAA-CREF INSTITUTE TRENDS AND ISSUES 2 05/05 TRENDS AND ISSUES www.tiaa ..........................................................................................p. 10 05/05 #12;TIAA-CREF INSTITUTE TRENDS AND ISSUES 3 05/05 TRENDS AND ISSUES www.tiaa

Cinabro, David

182

Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Household Vehicles Energy Use Cover Page Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends...

183

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trends and their relative magnitude within the overall TV market will have considerable impact on total energymarket potential those technical options or trends that are expected to save energymarket trends by technology, region, and screen size. Chapter 3, TV Technology Trends and Energy

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO2000 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

185

Solar Photovoltaics: Status, Costs, and Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This White Paper addresses the history, status, and trends of flat-plate solar photovoltaic power technologies in both crystalline silicon and thin-film forms. Perspectives are provided on the cost and performance, as well as, the materials used for producing PV modules. The major milestones and trends in PV power system development are described, looking back to the 1970's, and forward to the next 30 years. Current incentives and policies are also discussed with focus on utility engagement in PV power. ...

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Frequency Regulation Basics and Trends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electric power system must address two unique requirements: the need to maintain a near real-time balance between generation and load, and the need to adjust generation (or load) to manage power flows through individual transmission facilities. These requirements are not new: vertically integrated utilities have been meeting them for a century as a normal part of conducting business. With restructuring, however, the services needed to meet these requirements, now called ''ancillary services'', are being more clearly defined. Ancillary services are those functions performed by the equipment and people that generate, control, and transmit electricity in support of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has defined such services as those ''necessary to support the transmission of electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations of control areas and transmitting utilities within those control areas to maintain reliable operations of the interconnected transmission system''. This statement recognizes the importance of ancillary services for both bulk-power reliability and support of commercial transactions. Balancing generation and load instantaneously and continuously is difficult because loads and generators are constantly fluctuating. Minute-to-minute load variability results from the random turning on and off of millions of individual loads. Longer-term variability results from predictable factors such as the daily and seasonal load patterns as well as more random events like shifting weather patterns. Generators also introduce unexpected fluctuations because they do not follow their generation schedules exactly and they trip unexpectedly due to a range of equipment failures. The output from wind generators varies with the wind. Storage technologies should be ideal suppliers of several ancillary services, including regulation, contingency reserves (spinning reserve, supplemental reserve, replacement reserve), and voltage support. These services are not free; in regions with energy markets, generators are paid to supply these services. In vertically integrated utilities (without energy markets) the utility incurs significant costs to supply these services. Supplying these services may be a significant business opportunity for emerging storage technologies. This report briefly explores the various ancillary services that may be of interest to storage. It then focuses on regulation, the most expensive ancillary service. It also examines the impact that increasing amounts of wind generation may have on regulation requirements, decreasing conventional regulation supplies, and the implications for energy storage.

Kirby, BJ

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Tight Coal Market: Volatility Spike or Trend?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spot coal market experienced a major price spike beginning in late 2000 and early 2001. This run-up in coal prices caught most producers and generators by surprise. While spot prices have declined from their peak, they remain well above historical levels. It is not clear whether this run-up in prices was merely a short-term event reflecting an increase in coal price volatility or the start of a new trend in coal pricing generally. This report analyzes possible causes of the price spike, the likelihoo...

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

188

Anthropogenic and natural contributions to regional trends in aerosol optical depth, 1980-2006.  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the roles of human and natural sources in contributing to aerosol concentrations around the world is an important step toward developing efficient and effective mitigation measures for local and regional air quality degradation and climate change. In this study we test the hypothesis that changes in aerosol optical depth (AOD) over time are caused by the changing patterns of anthropogenic emissions of aerosols and aerosol precursors. We present estimated trends of contributions to AOD for eight world regions from 1980 to 2006, built upon a full run of the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport model for the year 2001, extended in time using trends in emissions of man-made and natural sources. Estimated AOD trends agree well (R > 0.5) with observed trends in surface solar radiation in Russia, the United States, south Asia, southern Africa, and East Asia (before 1992) but less well for Organization for Economic Co-operative Development (OECD) Europe (R < 0.5). The trends do not agree well for southeast Asia and for East Asia (after 1992) where large-scale inter- and intraannual variations in emissions from forest fires, volcanic eruptions, and dust storms confound our approach. Natural contributions to AOD, including forest and grassland fires, show no significant long-term trends (<1%/a), except for a small increasing trend in OECD Europe and a small decreasing trend in South America. Trends in man-made contributions to AOD follow the changing patterns of industrial and economic activity. We quantify the average contributions of key source types to regional AOD over the entire time period.

Streets, D. G.; Yan, F.; Chin, M.; Diehl, T.; Mahowald, N.; Schultz, M.; Wild, M.; Wu, Y.; Yu, C.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois; NASA; Cornell Univ.; Forschungszentrum; Inst.for Atmospheric and Climate Science; Tsinghua Univ.

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

189

New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters October 23, 2013 - 10:52am Addthis The Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the U.S. offshore wind energy market in 2012, including the completion of two commercial lease auctions for federal Wind Energy Areas and 11 commercial-scale U.S. projects representing over 3,800 megawatts (MW) of capacity reaching an advanced stage of development. Further, the report highlights global trends toward building offshore turbines in deeper waters and using larger, more efficient turbines in offshore wind farms, increasing the amount of electricity delivered to consumers.

190

INEEL Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the INEEL GHG Inventory and Trend Analysis is to establish INEEL expertise in carbon management decision making and policy analysis. This FY-99 effort is the first step toward placing the INEEL in a leadership role within the DOE laboratories to support carbon management systems and analysis.

Shropshire, David Earl; Teel, Dale Milton

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Trends, Discovery, & Innovation at NUG User  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends, Discovery, & Innovation at NUG User Day 2013 --- 1 --- The s econd d ay o f t he N ERSC U ser G roup ( NUG) 2013 m ee@ng w as f ocused o n c ommunity engagement a nd c...

192

Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest Service.

Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

193

Foundations and Trends R Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foundations and Trends R in Information Retrieval Vol. 2, No. 3 (2008) 137­213 c 2008 C. Zhai DOI: 10.1561/1500000008 Statistical Language Models for Information Retrieval A Critical Review Cheng@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract Statistical language models have recently been successfully applied to many information retrieval

Zhai, ChengXiang

194

Polymers with increased order  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Rochester, MI); Taylor, Craig M. (Jemez Springs, NM)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

195

Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO99 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected. Because energy markets are complex, models are simplified representations of energy production and consumption, regulations, and producer and consumer behavior. Projections are highly dependent on the data, methodologies, model structures,

196

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of buildings that would not be considered “commercial” in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction.

197

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

33 33 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 September 2004 * NREL/TP-620-36833 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal Prepared under Task No. ASG4.1003 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

198

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Index (click to jump links) Carbon Dioxide Emissions Emissions from Electricity Generation Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 115. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 1990-2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2002 to 2025, to 8,142 million metric tons (Figure 115). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year from 2002 to 2025. Carbon dioxide emissions in the residential sector, including emissions

199

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 110. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 2003 and 2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2003 to 2025, to 8,062 million metric tons (Figure 110). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year. New carbon dioxide mitigation programs, more rapid improvements in technology, or more rapid adoption of voluntary programs could result in lower emissions levels than projected here.

200

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Energy Demand Figure 42. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1970-2025 (index, 1970 = 1). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases in the Forecast Energy intensity, as measured by energy use per 2000 dollar of GDP, is projected to decline at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent, with efficiency gains and structural shifts in the economy offsetting growth in demand for energy services (Figure 42). The projected rate of decline falls between the average rate of 2.3 percent from 1970 through 1986, when energy prices increased in real terms, and the 0.7-percent rate from 1986 through

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Generation Trends in the Electricity Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key questions concerning the interaction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and the electricity grid is how the upstream emissions and energy use of power plants used to charge PEVs compare with the lifecycle emissions and energy use of conventional vehicles. This Update provides a look at recent data on trends in power generation in the United States from 1990 to 2013, including capacity, generation, capacity factor, energy use, and heat rate—emissions rates will be analyzed in ...

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

202

REFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the first semi-annual third year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on analyzing production and injection data to optimize the reservoir management strategies for Germania Spraberry Unit. This study address the reservoir characterization and monitoring of the waterflooding project and propose alternatives of development of the current and future conditions of the reservoir to improve field performance. This research should serve as a guide for future work in reservoir simulation and can be used to evaluate various scenarios for additional development as well as to optimize the operating practices in the field. The results indicate that under the current conditions, a total of 1.410 million barrels of oil can be produced in the next 20 years through the 64 active wells and suggest that the unit can be successfully flooded with the current injection rate of 1600 BWPD and the pattern consisting of 6 injection wells aligned about 36 degrees respect to the major fracture orientation. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

203

WRI-Earth Trends Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WRI-Earth Trends Data WRI-Earth Trends Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WRI-Earth Trends Data Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.wri.org/project/earthtrends WRI-Earth Trends Data Screenshot References: Earth Trends Data[1] About "Based on the World Resources series, EarthTrends is a free on-line resource that highlights the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world. The site offers the public a comprehensive collection of vital statistics, maps, and graphics for more than 200 countries. Much of the environmental information on the internet is fragmented, buried, or only available at a price. EarthTrends gathers data from more than 40 of the world's leading statistical agencies, along with

204

Contributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observed trend in the Southern Hemisphere annular mode (SAM) during recent decades has involved an intensification of the polar vortex. The source of this trend is a matter of scientific debate with stratospheric ozone losses, greenhouse gas ...

Julie M. Arblaster; Gerald A. Meehl

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009).

Lejla Alic

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

206

Annular Modes in the Extratropical Circulation. Part II: Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors exploit the remarkable similarity between recent climate trends and the structure of the “annular modes” in the month-to-month variability (as described in a companion paper) to partition the trends into components linearly congruent ...

David W. J. Thompson; John M. Wallace; Gabriele C. Hegerl

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Selecting a Model for Detecting the Presence of a Trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors consider the problem of determining whether the upward trending behavior in the global temperature anomaly series should be forecast to continue. To address this question, the generic problem of determining whether an observed trend ...

Wayne A. Woodward; H. L. Gray

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Regional Precipitation Trends: Distinguishing Natural Variability from Anthropogenic Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the nature and causes for observed regional precipitation trends during 1977–2006 are diagnosed. It is found that major features of regional trends in annual precipitation during 1977–2006 are consistent with an atmospheric ...

Martin Hoerling; Jon Eischeid; Judith Perlwitz

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

August 28 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 28 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 28 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 21, 2013 - 12:18pm Addthis The U.S. Department of...

210

Increased Power Flow Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best practices guidebook on increasing power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates alternatives with case studies, and analyzes costs and benefits of differe...

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

211

Trends, with an Application to Relative Primary Commodity Prices ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing for unit roots and the impact of quadratic trends, with an application to relative primary commodity prices by

David I. Harvey; Stephen J. Leybourne; A. M. Robert Taylor; David I. Harvey; Stephen J. Leybourne; A. M. Robert Taylor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the second year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on characterization of Germania Unit using an analog field ET ODaniel unit and old cased hole neutron. Petrophysical Characterization of the Germania Spraberry units requires a unique approach for a number of reasons--limited core data, lack of modern log data and absence of directed studies within the unit. The need for characterization of the Germania unit has emerged as a first step in the review, understanding and enhancement of the production practices applicable within the unit and the trend area in general. In the absence or lack of the afore mentioned resources, an approach that will rely heavily on previous petrophysical work carried out in the neighboring ET O'Daniel unit (6.2 miles away), and normalization of the old log data prior to conventional interpretation techniques will be used. A log-based rock model has been able to guide successfully the prediction of pay and non-pay intervals within the ET O'Daniel unit, and will be useful if found applicable within the Germania unit. A novel multiple regression technique utilizing non-parametric transformations to achieve better correlations in predicting a dependent variable (permeability) from multiple independent variables (rock type, shale volume and porosity) will also be investigated in this study. A log data base includes digitized formats of Gamma Ray, Cased Hole Neutron, limited Resistivity and Neutron/Density/Sonic porosity logs over a considerable wide area. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period. We have seen positive response of water injection on new wells. We believe by proper data acquisition and precise reservoir engineering techniques, any lack of confidence in waterflooding can be overcome. Therefore, we develop field management software to control a vast data from the pilot and to perform precise reservoir engineering techniques such as decline curve analysis, gas and oil material balances, bubble map plot and PVT analysis. The manual for this software is listed in the Appendix-A.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

213

Shifting production trends point to more oil from OPEC  

SciTech Connect

Oil production from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and non-OPEC regions has undergone four major phases of change in relation to oil price since 1960. Patterns visible in those phases offer an indication of world-wide production trends in the future. These four phases are described. Overall, demand for oil during 1960--93 has increased from around 20 million b/d in 1960 to as high as 65 million b/d in 1993. The consensus among energy analysts and forecasters is that this demand growth will continue. This will encourage OPEC and non OPEC producers to invest in the oil industry to meet future demand growth. However, since the resource base is larger in OPEC than in non-OPEC areas, and since the cost of developing these resources is lower in OPEC than outside OPEC, the future call on OPEC oil to meet growth in demand will undoubtedly be substantiated as production from the non-OPEC region diminishes or at best stagnates. The paper discusses OPEC production trends, non-OPEC production, natural gas liquids, future production scenarios, and future constraints on production.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

214

Increased demand spurs gas compression industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demand for natural gas in the last five years has led to dynamic development in the gas compression industry as producers and transmission companies expand operations to supply gas. To handle the increase, for example, transmission companies have been steadily adding new lines to the pipeline infrastructure--3,437 miles in 1995 and an estimated 4,088 miles in 1997. New compression for pipelines has also increased from 212,637 horsepower added in 1989 to an estimated 311,685 horsepower to be added in 1997. Four key trends which influence the gas compression business have developed since the mid 1980s: first, a steady resurgence of demand for natural gas each year; second, a phenomenal number of mergers and buyouts among gas compression companies; third, an alarming drop in average daily gas production per well since 1972; and fourth, high drilling activity in the Gulf of Mexico.

Honea, M. [Weatherford Enterra, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Recent Trends toward Early Snowmelt Runoff in California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the late 1940s, snowmelt and runoff have come increasingly early in the water year in many basins in northern and central California. This subtle trend is most pronounced in moderate-altitude basins, which are sensitive to changes in mean ...

Michael D. Dettinger; Daniel R. Cayan

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Trends in Tropical Cyclone Impact: A Study in Andhra Pradesh, India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contrary to the common perception that tropical cyclones are on the increase, due perhaps to global warming, studies all over the world show that, although there are decadal variations, there is no definite long-term trend in the frequency or ...

S. Raghavan; S. Rajesh

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Taking China's Temperature: Daily Range, Warming Trends, and Regional Variations, 1955–2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In analyzing daily climate data from 305 weather stations in China for the period from 1955 to 2000, the authors found that surface air temperatures are increasing with an accelerating trend after 1990. They also found that the daily maximum (T...

Binhui Liu; Ming Xu; Mark Henderson; Ye Qi; Yiqing Li

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Trends in Precipitable Water and Relative Humidity in China: 1979–2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual and seasonal trends of precipitable water (PW) and relative humidity (RH) at 850, 700, and 500 hPa are studied using the data from 106 radiosonde stations over China during the period 1979–2005. Analysis shows evidence of an increase in PW ...

Baoguo Xie; Qinghong Zhang; Yue Ying

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Another Interpretation of the pH Trend in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concern about the apparent increase in the acidity of rainfall from the 1950s to the 1970s prompted reexamination of data from the intermittent, short-term sampling networks that are the basis of the trend estimates. A reassessment of ...

G. J. Stensland; R. G. Semonin

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Summer Severe-Rainfall Frequency Trend and Variability over Ontario, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last two decades (1979–2002), there has been an ever-increasing frequency of summer severe-rainfall events over Ontario, Canada. This observed upward trend is robust as demonstrated through the Mann–Kendall test with consideration of ...

Zuohao Cao; Jianmin Ma

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992  

SciTech Connect

The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

223

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

224

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Finance Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/Global_Trends_200 References: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report[1] TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword ................................................................................................................ 5 List of Figures ....................................................................................................... 7 Methodology and Definitions ...................................................................................

225

Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

226

The Big Curve: Trends in University Fees and Financing in the EU and US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Series Douglass and Keeling – Trends in University Fees andUniversity, revised. College Board (2008). Trends in CollegePricing: 2008, Trends in Higher Education Series, College

Douglass, John Aubrey; Keeling, Ruth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006 Contents Primary authorsCost, and Performance Trends: 2006 Introduction The winda rapid pace, keeping up with trends in the marketplace has

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

U.S. Carsharing & Station Car Policy Considerations: Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Opportunities, Trends, and Technologies, Report PressMONITORING GROWTH, TRENDS & OVERALL IMPACTS UCD-ITS-RR-03-12Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts Susan A.

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost, and Performance Trends: 2007. ” Washington, D.C. :Current Progress, Future Trends Ryan H. Wiser 1 Lawrencekeeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Practices, Trends, and Recommendations in Technical Appendix Usage for Selected Data-Intensive Disciplines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

datacite.org/]. PRACTICES, TRENDS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN22 a?archiving/]. PRACTICES, TRENDS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS INPRACTICES, TRENDS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN TECHNICAL APPENDIX

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Geographic Trends Among Same-Sex Couples in the US Census and the American Community Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WILLIAMS INSTITUTE GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN THE CENSUS AND ACSWILLIAMS INSTITUTE GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN THE CENSUS AND ACSWILLIAMS INSTITUTE GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN THE CENSUS AND ACS

Gates, Gary J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Furthermore, the projected price trends developed are likelyTrends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumerwith and without price trends. Figure 3: Comparison of

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Salinity trends, variability, and control in the northern reach of the San Francisco Estuary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I. 1990. STL: a seasonal-trend decomposition procedure basedinfluence on salinity trends. Presentation at 2004 CALFEDFox JP, Miller BJ. 1990. Trends in freshwater inflow to San

Enright, Christopher; Culberson, Steven D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: November 30, 9: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on

235

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: September 13, 0: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on

236

Trends in Practitioner Training for the Renewable Energy Trades  

SciTech Connect

As workforce development becomes more of a critical component for an expanding renewable energy economy, new training opportunities are on the increase for practitioners interested in either getting into the renewable energy trades or upgrading their professional skills. This paper will report on the new trends in training and show how the instruction has become more highly developed. In many cases, curricula are now designed to provide teaching that leads to defined workplace knowledge, skills, and abilities. Private and academic training programs are becoming accredited specifically to renewable energy standards. Community colleges and technical schools are responding to local jobs by offering more and more renewable energy trades courses. And classes are expanding from 3 to 5 day workshops to semester-long courses resulting in one-year certificate and two-year associate degree programs at Community Colleges.

Weissman, Jane M.; Laflin, Kirk

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (R{sub d}) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2 {+-} 0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the NationÂ’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

239

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Electricity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand and Supply Electricity Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Electricity Demand and Supply Continued Growth in Electricity Use Is Expected in All Sectors Figure 66. Annual electricity sales by sector, 1970-2025 (billion kilowatthours). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Total electricity sales are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent in the AEO2005 reference case, from 3,481 billion kilowatthours in 2003 to 5,220 billion kilowatthours in 2025 (Figure 66). From 2003 to 2025, annual growth in electricity sales is projected to average 1.6 percent in the residential sector, 2.5 percent in the commercial sector, and 1.3 percent in the industrial sector.

240

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (Rd) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2+/-0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

SciTech Connect

For the fourth year in a row, the United States led the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and also surpassed Germany to take the lead in terms of cumulative installed wind capacity. The rapid growth of wind power in the U.S. over the past decade (Figure 1) has been driven by a combination of increasingly supportive policies (including the Federal production tax credit (PTC) and a growing number of state renewables portfolio standards), uncertainty over the future fuel costs and environmental liabilities of natural gas and coal-fired power plants, and wind's competitive position among generation resources. This article focuses on just the last of these drivers - i.e., trends in U.S. wind power prices - over the period of strong capacity growth since 1998.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J 0 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Average Range: 1993-1995 Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels by Aileen A. Bohn Energy Information Administration (EIA) data for March 1996 primary inventories of crude oil were the lowest recorded in almost 20 years. Crude oil inventories, which were generally on a downward trend since the beginning of 1995, fell below the average range in July 1995 and have yet to recover (Figure FE1). On September 27, 1996, crude oil stocks registered 303 million barrels, compared to a normal range of nearly 311 to 332 million barrels for September. 1 Low crude oil inventories can cause price volatility in crude oil markets. 2 When inventories are low, refiners resort to

243

A two-dimensional model study of past trends in global ozone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emissions and atmospheric concentrations of several trace gases important to atmospheric chemistry are known to have increased substantially over recent decades. Solar flux variations and the atmospheric nuclear test series are also likely to have affected stratospheric ozone. In this study, the LLNL two-dimensional chemical-radiative-transport model of the troposphere and stratosphere has been applied to an analysis of the effects that these natural and anthropogenic influences may have had on global ozone concentrations over the last three decades. In general, model determined species distributions and the derived ozone trends agree well with published analyses of land-based and satellite-based observations. Also, the total ozone and ozone distribution trends derived from CFC and other trace gas effects have a different response with latitude than the derived trends from solar flux variations, thus providing a ''signature'' for anthropogenic effects on ozone. 24 refs., 5 figs.

Wuebbles, D.J.; Kinnison, D.E.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Inorganic geochemistry of Devonian shales in southern West Virginia: geographic and stratigraphic trends  

SciTech Connect

Samples of cuttings from twenty-one wells and a core from a single well in southern West Virginia were analyzed for major and minor elements: silicon, aluminum, iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, titanium, phosphorus, manganese, sulfur, zinc, and strontium. Stratigraphic and geographic controls on elemental abundances were studied through canonical correlations, factor analyses, and trend surface analyses. The most abundant elements, silicon and aluminum, show gradual trends through the stratigraphic column of most wells, with silicon increasing and aluminum decreasing up-section. Other elements such as calcium, sulfur, and titanium change abruptly in abundance at certain stratigraphic boundaries. Important geographic trends run east-west: for instance, one can see an increase in sulfur and a decrease in titanium to the west; and a decrease in silicon from the east to the central part of the study area, then an increase further west. Although observed vertical trends in detrital minerals and geographic patterns in elemental abundances agree with the accepted view of a prograding delta complex during Late Devonian time, geographically-local, time restricted depositional processes influenced elemental percentages in subsets of the wells and the stratigraphic intervals studied. The black shales of lower Huron age do not represent simply a return of depositional conditions present in the earlier Rhinestreet time; nor do the gray shales of the Ohio Shale represent the same environmental conditions as the Big White Slate.

Hohn, M.E.; Neal, D.W.; Renton, J.J.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Analysis of past and expected future trends in U. S. energy consumption, 1947--2000  

SciTech Connect

In the first part of this paper, energy consumption trends to the year 2000 are estimated for 110 different industrial sectors and for household and government final demand sectors, and these trends are compared with historical 1947-to-1967 trends. For most sectors, energy consumption is expected to increase much less rapidly in the 1967-1985 period than it did in the 1947-1967 period as a result of the recent large energy price increases. Between 1985 and 2000, the rate of growth of energy consumption continues to moderate for most purchasing sectors primarily because of a slackening in output growth rates rather than because of any further decrease in per unit of output energy requirements. These future trends are estimated under the assumption that post-1976 energy price increases will be moderate. In the second part of the paper, alternative strategies for further reducing future energy consumption are considered, and a data base is presented for use in analyzing the effects of implementing the alternative strategies.

Behling, Jr, D J

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Are Temperature and Precipitation Extremes Increasing over the U.S. High Plains?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale environmental, social, and economic impacts of recent weather and climate extremes are raising questions about whether the frequency and intensity of these extremes have been increasing. Here, the authors evaluate trends in climate ...

Di Long; Bridget R. Scanlon; D. Nelun Fernando; Lei Meng; Steven M. Quiring

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Disk Quota Increase Request  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disk Disk Quota Increase Disk Quota Increase Request NERSC will consider reasonable requests for changes in disk space and inode limits. Please submit a request through the "Request Forms" section at the NERSC help portal. If you select "Hopper scratch directory" from the "File System" menu below, the quota value requested applies to the combined contents of $SCRATCH and $SCRATCH2. Please ask for the least amount of resources you need, since the sum of disk space and inodes allocated to users already exceeds system capacity. In other words, system resources would be exhausted before all users could use their existing quotas. You can find out the current quotas and usage of disk space and inodes for your home and scratch file systems with the myquota command. You can find

248

Pemex increasing offshore activity  

SciTech Connect

Although austere by boom-year standards, Mexico's National Energy Program for 1984-1988 calls for forty wildcats and 90 to 144 development wells off the coast, primarily in the prolific Campeche Bay area. Platform additions will include nine drilling platforms, each for twelve wells, and eight eight platforms to drill injection wells. Additionally, 7 production, 6 accomodation, 6 linkage and 8 compression platforms and 13 tetrapods will be installed. The main objectives of the plan are energy self-sufficiency through the turn of the century, and energy diversification, savings and productivity. The most controversial portion of Mexico's energy program is that calling for nuclear energy development. The energy program lists three basic goals in hydrocarbon production: continuing research on better techniques of secondary recovery; increasing capacity for refining primary and secondary crude products and improving production of heavy crudes; and increasing storage capacity and installing pipelines capable of carrying a greater volume of crude.

Beachy, D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)  

SciTech Connect

In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilities--or about 25% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Through these programs, more than 70 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2006 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

Bird, L.; Kaiser, M.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Tertiary Storage: Current Status and Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes current state of the art in tertiary storage systems. We begin with a comprehensive discussion of magnetic tape and optical storage technologies. This is followed by a classification of commercial products based on their performance characteristics. Our analysis of product data indicates that in contrast to disk technology, tertiary storage products have significant variablility in terms of data transfer rates as well as other performance figures. We then summarize efforts in the areas of operating systems, databases and advanced applications to integrate tertiary storage. We point out that different assumptions about the underlying technology result in entirely different algorithms and system design. We conclude the report with a speculation of future trends. 1 Introduction With the recent improvements in network and processor speeds, several data intensive applications have become much more feasible than ever before. Examples of such applications include digit...

S. Prabhakar; D. Agrawal; A. El Abbadi; A. Singh; A. El; Abbadi A. Singh

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Energy Project Incentive Funds: Updates and Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Incentive Funds Project Incentive Funds Updates and Trends Elizabeth Stuart Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Spring Meeting - April 20, 2011 EE Funding Overview * Ratepayer-funded EE budget $5.3B in 2010 - Plus over $1B for DR/LM and $1.5B for renewables * Expected to reach $6B for EE in 2011 - Nearly double the 2008 figure ($3.1B) * Strong expansion expected to 2020 - Total expected to reach $7.5-12.4B (EE only) * It's not just the usual suspects anymore - Recent entrants: NM, MI, NC, AR, VA, OH, PA, IN... EE Funding - Current Picture * ~ 45 states have ratepayer-funded EE * 2010 budget (EE only) $5.3B (source: CEE) - $4.4B in 2009, $3.1B in 2008 and $0.8B in 1998 - ~ 80% on electric side ($4.3B); ~20% for gas EE

252

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009). It examines a long-term downward per- customer consumption trend and analyzes whether this trend persists across Census Divisions. The report also examines some of the factors that have contributed to the decline in per-customer consumption. To provide a more meaningful measure of per-customer consumption, EIA adjusted consumption data presented in the report for weather. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to Lejla Alic at Lejla.Alic@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-0858.

253

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

254

Trends in Materials and Manufacturing Technologies for Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... 8th Global Innovations Symposium: Trends in Materials and Manufacturing Technologies for Energy Production by Joy A. Hines, David F. Barh, ...

255

Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mexico * Oregon * Utah * Washington * Wyoming 4 2 Consumer Perceptions of Renewable Energy 2.1 Consumer Awareness of Renewable-energy-related Terminology, Trended Figure 1. In...

256

MPMD 7th Global Innovations Proceedings: Trends in Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MPMD 7th Global Innovations Proceedings: Trends in Materials R&D for. Sensor Manufacturing Technologies. Edited by. Iver E. Anderson. Neville R. Moody.

257

Trends in Building-Related Energy and Carbon Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

An analysis of trends in energy consumption and energy-related carbon emissions in U.S. buildings, 1970-1998.

258

Overview of Trends in Nuclear Power Plant Sensors and Instrumentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Nuclear Power Plant Sensors and Instrumentation SASAN BAKTIARI Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory Ph: (630) 252-8982 bakhtiati@anl.gov Abstract -...

259

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

space heating, space conditioning, water heating, lighting,trends in residential space conditioning are affected bytrends in building space conditioning are affected by

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Discussions@TMS - What are the recycling trends between urban ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 4, 2007 ... Topic Title: What are the recycling trends between urban and rural areas and are there any specific infrastructure needs? Topic Summary: ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Sustainable Transport in Canadian Cities: Cycling Trends and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compares travel behavior, transport policies, and trends ininclude non-motorized transport, land use, and regionalAgence Metropolitaine de Transport, Montreal, Quebec.

Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential & Commercial PV (Median Values) Global Module Price Index Preliminary Price Trends for Systems Installed in 2013: A Focus on California 9 * Data from the California...

263

ODE trends in computer algebra: Four ODE challenges. - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ODE trends in computer algebra: Four ODE challenges. Edgardo S. Cheb-Terrab MITACS - CECM, Theoretical Physics Department, UERJ. ODE solving ...

264

Growth Trends in the South African Manufactured Export Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Through empirical research the researcher gained an in-depth knowledge regarding the growth trends in the South African manufactured export industry as well as the factors… (more)

Moloto, Phineas Rameshovo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Current Trends in Image Quality Perception - CECM - Simon Fraser ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Trends in Image Quality Perception. Mason Macklem. Simon Fraser University. http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/~msmackle. General Outline. Examine model of ...

266

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 -...

267

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area, Nevada, Inferred from 3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Jump to: navigation, search...

268

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January...

269

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and DOE's national laboratories. Topics include: Cost-effectiveness analyses and price projections Advances in LED chips, product designs, and optics LED adoption trends...

270

Trends and causes of historical wetland loss in coastal ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Trends and causes of historical wetland loss in coastal Louisiana. [Julie Christine Bernier; Geological Survey (U.S.),

271

Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Superimposed on this general regional trend are isolated features with elevated helium isotope ratios (0.8-2.1 Ra) compared to the local background. Spring geochemistry and...

272

Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

32 December 2009 Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends at Different Levels of Government Elizabeth Doris, Jaquelin Cochran, and Martin Vorum National...

273

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gasto Development of Long-Term Energy Demand Scenarios forto Development of Long-Term Energy Demand Scenarios for

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook Nan Zhou, Michael A.2001, International Energy Outlook 2001 , Report No. DOE/The International Energy Outlook 2006 (IEO2006) , Washington

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Leading trends in environmental...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leading trends in environmental regulation that affect energy development. Final report Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On...

276

Causes of spring vegetation greenness trends in the northern mid-high latitudes from 1982 to 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4) is applied to explore the spatial temporal patterns of spring (April May) vegetation growth trends over the northern mid high latitudes (NMH) (>25 N) between 1982 and 2004. During the spring season through the 23 yr period, both the satellite-derived and simulated normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) anomalies show a statistically significant correlation and an overall greening trend within the study area. Consistently with the observed NDVI temperature relation, the CLM4 NDVI shows a significant positive association with the spring temperature anomaly for the NMH, North America and Eurasia. Large study areas experience temperature discontinuity associated with contrasting NDVI trends. Before and after the turning point (TP) of the temperature trends, climatic variability plays a dominant role, while the other environmental factors exert minor effects on the NDVI tendencies. Simulated vegetation growth is broadly stimulated by the increasing atmospheric CO2. Trends show that nitrogen deposition increases NDVI mostly in southeastern China, and decreases NDVI mainly in western Russia after the temperature TP. Furthermore, land use-induced NDVI trends vary roughly with the respective changes in land management practices (crop areas and forest coverage). Our results highlight how non-climatic factors mitigate or exacerbate the impact of temperature on spring vegetation growth, particularly across regions with intensive human activity.

Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Shi, Xiaoying [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Shilong, Dr. Piao [Peking University; Xuhui, Dr. Wang [Peking University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Retrospective analysis of energy use and conservation trends: 1972-1982  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the research reported here is to analyze energy use trends for the entire economy and by end-use sector (residential, commercial, and industrial, and transportation). In particular, an examination of energy trends was undertaken for the period 1972 through 1982 to determine the magnitude of ''energy savings'' attributable to: (1) changes in economic activity; (2) efficiency improvements relative to the 1972 stock (including structures and capital equipment); and (3) efficiency improvements relative to 1960 to 1972 trends. In addition to identifying the measures of energy savings described above, the causes of efficiency improvement relative to 1972 are explored. For example, energy savings due to efficiency improvements in the residential sector are explained by such activities as changes in household size, migration, improved shell and appliance efficiencies, and increased wood use. For this research, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed a consistent methodology for analyzing energy use trends by end-use sector. Alternative measures of energy use trends (i.e., alternative base cases) were developed for the purpose of measuring energy savings. The energy use trends were calculated as the product of economic activity levels (number of households in the residential sector, square feet of floor space in the commercial sector, output in the industrial sector, and person-miles/ton-miles traveled in the transportation sector) and energy use intensities (energy use per household, energy use per square foot of commercial floor space, energy use per unit of industrial output, and energy use per mile traveled). Energy savings were then defined as differences between alternative estimates of energy use. Data and methods used to derive the alternative estimates are contained in a separate volume of this report (PNL-5026-App.).

Adams, R.C.; Belzer, D.B.; Fang, J.M.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lax, D.H.; Moe, R.J.; Roop, J.M.; Wusterbarth, A.R.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Temperature Trends at San Juan, Puerto Rico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations at the San Juan, Puerto Rico international airport show that the annual mean temperature has increased by about 2.1°C (3.8°F) from 1956 to 1983. The chief contributors to the increase are an increase in daily minimum temperature from ...

Claude E. Duchon

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Trends In U.S. Electric Power Transmission  

SciTech Connect

The report provides an overview of the changes that are occurring in the industry to implement the goals of improved reliability and reduced congestion costs. As the electric industry works to become a more efficient market, transmission stands as a key link between the competitive generation and the regulated distribution sectors. In this role as a key link, transmission is a major focus of government efforts to improve reliability and reduce congestion costs. The scope of the report is to analyze the dominant reliability, investment, siting, and competition/open access trends that are occurring in the domestic electric transmission industry. Topics covered include: the impact of the 2003 Northeast blackout on reliability rules; the move from voluntary to mandatory reliability standards; the advent of real-time transmission system monitoring; ISO/RTO efforts to improve system reliability; the drivers of government intervention in transmission investment; the move towards incentive-based rates for transmission investment; legislative and regulatory efforts to spur transmission investment to support renewable energy resources; the emergence of merchant transmission; the need for federal backstop authority on regional transmission projects; the designation of national interest electric transmission corridors; FERC Orders on siting transmission; the need for changes in open access and competition regulations; FERC efforts to increase open access and competition; legislative efforts to increase competition; and, current competitive issues in the industry.

NONE

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, nearly 600 utilities in regulated electricity markets--or almost 20% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Because some utilities offer programs in conjunction with cooperative associations or other publicly owned power entities, the number of distinct programs totals about 125. Through these programs, more than 40 million customers spanning 34 states have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2004 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities as benchmarks by which to gauge the success of their green power programs.

Bird, L.; Brown, E.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Trends and outlook for biomass energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among renewable energy resources, biomass is one of the most promising, with the potential for providing electricity through combustion, gasification, and biochemical processes as well as supplying gaseous and liquid fuels that can compete with conventional energy sources in large-scale applications. The production of biomass for energy purposes can also offer environmental benefits. The most notable is the potential for providing energy with little or no net buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere if the biomass is produced renewably. Biomass also has the potential to help revitalize the rural sector of the economy. A domestic natural resource, biomass can be grown and harvested, which requires labor. The biomass power industry can therefore create jobs in harvesting and transporting biomass and in the related industries of fertilizers, pesticides, and agricultural equipment. In the future, biomass facilities will be larger and more efficient and, as such, an important alternative for energy generators. This article summarizes the factors relating to the use of biomass as a fuel source, the technology options for power generation, and examines the trends and outlook for biomass energy generation in the United States.

Green, J.H. (Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Maritime Transportation System: Trends and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007-R-5 Water is an essential resource in the U.S. economy. It plays a crucial role in supporting many economic activities and ensuring the quality of human life and the health of ecological systems. Despite this, the value of water may not be widely appreciated because only some water resources and water uses are easily visible or noticed while others are not. Among the Institute for Water Resources (IWR) Future Directions program activities are the identification of emerging water challenges and opportunities and the tactical engagement of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) senior leaders on these issues. Such critical thinking is an essential prerequisite to strategy development and planning. IWR has developed this series of Water Resources Outlook papers, commissioned utilizing outside experts, to identify emerging issues and implications for the Nation. These issues and implications will be presented in the form of “provocation sessions ” with external and internal subject matter experts and stakeholders and will inform the USACE strategic planning process. Maritime Transportation System: Trends and Outlook USACE major responsibilities for waterborne commerce include dredging, development and maintenance of the inland and coastal waterways and related maritime infrastructure, and

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kW) Orders from 100-300 MW Orders >300 MW Vestas orders (worldwide) Polynomial trend line Recent wind turbinekW) Orders from 100-300 MW Orders >300 MW Vestas orders (worldwide) Polynomial trend line Recent wind turbine

Bolinger, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Research Article Power to Detect Trends in Marbled Murrelet Breeding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to detect trends from using radar were offset by the cost of purchasing radar equipment, we advocate the use it may provide an estimate of the number of breeding individuals in certain situations, it can be used is challenging because sampling and environmental process variation often mask trends in abundance (Gibbs et al

Mladenoff, David

286

Secular Trends in Ischemic Stroke Subtypes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Background: With an aging population and an increasing prevalence of therapy for atherosclerosis, it might be expected that stroke subtypes would be changing over time.… (more)

Bogiatzi, Chrysi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Energy Technology Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/results.asp?ptype=Models/Too References: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool [1] NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool This interactive tool enables the user to look at both total and power sector CO2 emissions from the use of coal, oil, or natural gas, over the period 1990 to 2030. One can use the tool to compare five of the larger CO2 emitters to each other or to overall world emissions. The data are from the

288

Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Section 1101 of the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT)1 calls for a report on the current trends in the workforce of (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries, and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. It also requests that the Secretary make recommendations (as appropriate) to meet the future labor requirements. Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry More Documents & Publications Statement of Patricia A. Hoffman, Deputy Director of Research and Development and Acting Chief Operating Officer, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability, Department of Energy before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States

289

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace The addition of commercial buildings and floorspace from 1995 to 1999 continued the general trends noted since 1979 (Figures 1 and 2). The size of the commercial buildings has grown steadily over the twenty years of CBECS. Each year more buildings are added to the sector (new construction or conversion of pre-existing buildings to commercial activity) than are removed (demolition or conversion to non-commercial activity). The definition for the commercial buildings population was changed for the 1995 CBECS which resulted in a slightly smaller buildings population and accounts for the data break in both Figures 1 and 2 (see report "Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector" for complete details). Figure 1. Total Commercial Buildings, 1979 to 1999

290

Demand Response in the U.S. - Key trends and federal facility participation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in the U.S. in the U.S. Key trends and federal facility participation Phil Coleman Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Williamsburg Meeting November 19, 2008 OUTLINE * Demand response defined * Current status in U.S. * Key trends - Increasing opportunities in "economic" DR - Rise of DR in "capacity" markets - Rise of dynamic pricing - Rise of automated DR ("auto-DR") * Federal participation is small - why? * Ramping up federal participation Demand Response * Def.: A short-term decrease in electrical consumption by end-use customers due to either a) increased electricity prices, or b) incentive payments (triggered by high wholesale market prices or compromised grid reliability). * DR participation can be either through load curtailment (short-term

291

Original article Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000–2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to explore the trends in youth reports of unwanted online sexual solicitation, harassment, and exposure to pornography over time. Methods: The study was based on three separate cross-sectional national telephone surveys of approximately 1,500 youth Internet users, aged 10 through 17 years. Data were collected in 2000, 2005, and 2010. Results and Conclusion: Nine percent of youth reported an unwanted sexual solicitation in 2010. This continued the decline in unwanted sexual solicitations that occurred between 2000 (19%) and 2005 (13%), resulting in a total 50 % decrease between 2000 and 2010. Twenty-three percent of youth reported an unwanted exposure to pornography, a decline from 34 % in 2005, following an increase between 2000 and 2005 (25 % to 34%). However, marking the only trend to show an increase over the past 5 years, 11 % of youth reported an online harassment experience, which was an increase from 9 % in 2005, and 6 % in 2000. Some differences in these trends were noted for subgroups of youth across age, gender, and race. The trends in unwanted experiences online over the past decade identified by three Youth Internet Safety Surveys may contradict impressions that the general population, professionals, and the media have about what is happening. Trends provide evidence for some optimism that protective adaptations to the online environment have

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

An Assessment of Petroleum Prices Recent Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

il prices have been increasing at an alarming rate since the start of the year. From an average retail price for diesel and unleaded gas of P16.50/liter and P20.90/liter respectively in January, prices have averaged about P19.70/liter and P25.20/liter respectively as of June 8, 2004. These increases represent a jump in oil prices this year of about 20%. The 90 centavo increase in June is the seventh round of increase since January this year. The increase of one peso in May was the biggest since the P1.20 increase made in September 2000 when world crude oil prices rose by 13%. Cause of Rising Prices These recent increases in fuel prices have been attributed mainly to the rising world prices of crude oil. The price of oil has been steadily climbing since September 2003 and countries across the globe have been scrambling to address the apparent inequality between the supply and demand of oil. The expected higher demand for oil in China and the United States (US), due to increased economic activity in both countries, continues to drive up oil prices in the world market. Further, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) imposed a production cut last April 2004 in order to keep price levels floating between US$25 and US$35 per barrel. Low supply levels were further compounded by a decrease in refinery output in the US in May 2004.

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Global latitudinal-asymmetric vegetation growth trends and their driving mechanisms: 1982-2009  

SciTech Connect

Using a recent Leaf Area Index (LAI) dataset and the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4), we investigate percent changes and controlling factors of global vegetation growth for the period 1982 to 2009. Over that 28-year period, both the remote-sensing estimate and model simulation show a significant increasing trend in annual vegetation growth. Latitudinal asymmetry appeared in both products, with small increases in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) and larger increases at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere (NH). The south-to-north asymmetric land surface warming was assessed to be the principal driver of this latitudinal asymmetry of LAI trend. Heterogeneous precipitation functioned to decrease this latitudinal LAI gradient, and considerably regulated the local LAI change. CO2 fertilization during the last three decades, was simulated to be the dominant cause for the enhanced vegetation growth. Our study, though limited by observational and modeling uncertainties, adds further insight into vegetation growth trends and environmental correlations. These validation exercises also provide new quantitative and objective metrics for evaluation of land ecosystem process models at multiple spatio-temporal scales.

Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Shi, Xiaoying [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Zhu, Zaichun [Boston University; Myneni, Ranga B. [Boston University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Anomalous orebody within the Ambrosia Lake trend at Sandstone Mine  

SciTech Connect

The Sandstone Mine contains an anomalous orebody that lacks the characteristic coloring and high gamma-ray expression typically associated with uranium ore in the Ambrosia Lake district. The orebody occurs at the downdip edge of a tongue of hematitic sand in the basal sand unit of the Westwater Canyon Member of the Morrison Formation. The orebody ranges from white to light gray in color. Preliminary analysis indicates the presence of uranophane (Ca(UO/sub 2/)/sub 2/SiO/sub 3/(OH)/sub 2/.5H/sub 2/O), evidently altered from coffinite, which is the predominant uranium mineral in the district. Equivalent U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ indicates that this orebody is relatively recent. Oxidizing meteoric water, which formed a geochemical cell, remobilized uranium minerals in preexisting trend orebodies and deposited the uranium downdip of the furthest extent of this cell. Post-Dakota deformation influenced the course of the migrating meteoric water and the extent of the redox interface controlling the orebody. As sampling and mining lower grades of uranium becomes increasingly more economical, the potential for unknown reserves adjacent to the redox interface should not be overlooked.

Foster, J.F.; Quintanar, R.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Arctic Sea Ice Retreat in 2007 Follows Thinning Trend  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The minimum of Arctic sea ice extent in the summer of 2007 was unprecedented in the historical record. A coupled ice–ocean model is used to determine the state of the ice and ocean over the past 29 yr to investigate the causes of this ice extent minimum within a historical perspective. It is found that even though the 2007 ice extent was strongly anomalous, the loss in total ice mass was not. Rather, the 2007 ice mass loss is largely consistent with a steady decrease in ice thickness that began in 1987. Since then, the simulated mean September ice thickness within the Arctic Ocean has declined from 3.7 to 2.6 m at a rate of ?0.57 m decade ?1. Both the area coverage of thin ice at the beginning of the melt season and the total volume of ice lost in the summer have been steadily increasing. The combined impact of these two trends caused a large reduction in the September mean ice concentration in the Arctic Ocean. This created conditions during the summer of 2007 that allowed persistent winds to push the remaining ice from the Pacific side to the Atlantic side of the basin and more than usual into the Greenland Sea. This exposed large areas of open water, resulting in the record ice extent anomaly. 1.

R. W. Lindsay; J. Zhang; A. Schweiger; M. Steele; H. Stern

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Title China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ke, Jing, Lynn K. Price, Stephanie Ohshita, David Fridley, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan Zhou, and Mark D. Levine Keywords energy saving, energy trends, industrial energy efficiency, top-1000 Abstract This study analyzes China's industrial energy consumption trends from 1996 to 2010 with a focus on the impact of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects. From 1996 to 2010, China's industrial energy consumption increased by 134%, even as the industrial economic energy intensity decreased by 46%. Decomposition analysis shows that the production effect was the dominant cause of the rapid growth in industrial energy consumption, while the efficiency effect was the major factor slowing the growth of industrial energy consumption. The structural effect had a relatively small and fluctuating influence. Analysis shows the strong association of industrial energy consumption with the growth of China's economy and changing energy policies. An assessment of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects indicates that the economic energy intensity of major energy-intensive industrial sub-sectors, as well as the physical energy intensity of major energy-intensive industrial products, decreased significantly during China's 11th Five Year Plan (FYP) period (2006-2010). This study also shows the importance and challenge of realizing structural change toward less energy-intensive activities in China during the 12th FYP period (2011-2015).

297

U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Robert E. Fronczak, P.E. Assistant VP- Environment & Hazmat Association of American Railroads Transportation External Coordination Working Group Meeting September 21, 2005 Railroad Safety: Topics Safety Statistics & Trends Train Safety (Train Accidents) Employee Safety Hazardous Materials Safety U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics: Main Themes Railroads have dramatically improved safety over the last two and a half decades. Railroads compare favorably with other industries & transportation modes. The most troubling railroad safety problems arise from factors largely outside railroad control. Railroads have implemented numerous and effective technological improvements and company-wide safety programs.

298

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect

2010 marked the emergence of the utility sector photovoltaic market. Utility sector photovoltaic installations quadrupled over 2009 installations. The share of utility sector installations of all U.S. grid-connected PV installations grew from virtually none in 2006 to 15 percent in 2009 and 32 percent in 2010. In addition, 2010 saw installation of a 75 MWAC concentrating solar power plant, the largest installed in the U.S. since 1991. In 2010, annual distributed grid-connected PV installations in the United States grew by 62 percent, to 606 MWDC. Photovoltaic arrays were installed at more than 50,000 sites in 2010, a 45 percent increase over the number of installations in 2009. Solar water heating installations increased by 6 percent in 2010, compared with 2009. Solar water heating has shown only two years of higher growth in the last 10 years. Solar pool heating installations increased by 13 percent in 2010, the largest growth in five years.

Larry Sherwood

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Labor market trends for nuclear engineers through 2005  

SciTech Connect

Between 1983 and 1989, employment of nuclear engineers in the nuclear energy field increased almost 40 percent while the annual number of nuclear engineering degrees awarded decreased by almost one-fourth. There were, on average, more job openings for new graduates than there were new graduates available to fill the jobs during the 1980s. This trend reversed in the l990s as nuclear engineering employment in the nuclear energy field decreased from 11,500 in 1991 to 9,400 in 1995. During roughly the same period, the annual number of nuclear engineering degrees increased by 11 percent. As a result, from 1990 through 1995, the number of new graduate nuclear engineers available in the labor supply far exceeded the number of job openings for new graduates in the nuclear energy field. This oversupply of new graduates was particularly acute for 1993 through 1995. During 1996--1997, a relative improvement is expected in job opportunities in the nuclear energy field for new graduates; however, a large oversupply is still expected (almost twice as many graduates available for employment as there are job openings). For 1998 through 2000, some improvement is expected in the relative number of job opportunities for new graduates in the nuclear energy field. Nuclear engineering jobs in the nuclear energy field are expected to decrease only slightly (by less than 150) during this period. Also a 10--15% decrease in the annual number of degrees and available supply of new graduates is expected. Overall, an oversupply is expected (140 graduates available per 100 job openings for new graduates in the nuclear energy field), but this is still a substantial improvement over the current period. For 2001 through 2005, if enrollments and degrees continue to decline, the labor market for new graduates is expected to be approximately balanced. This assumes, however, that the number of degrees and the available supply of new graduates will decrease by 25% from 1995 levels.

Seltzer, N.; Blair, L.M.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Alternative Fuels Market and Policy Trends (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Market forces and policies are increasing opportunities for alternative fuels. There is no one-size-fits-all, catch-all, silver-bullet fuel. States play a critical role in the alternative fuel market and are taking a leading role.

Schroeder, A. N.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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301

Current Energy Trends in Education & Public Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity is the most used form of energy in the education/public facilities sector, accounting for 80 percent of all energy usage and the majority of energy dollars expended. This report identifies the key drivers behind customer needs and decisions within the segment and explores strategies that energy service providers can use to increase their market share in this area.

2000-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

302

September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 21, 2013 - 12:18pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, "Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends," on Wednesday, September 4, 2013, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. "There are many factors that will drive the growth of the renewable energy market and influence the pace of that growth," said Randy Manion, Renewable Energy Program Manager at WAPA. "Among them are growing awareness of the many benefits associated with a low-carbon economy,

303

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

304

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to:...

305

Unrepeatered submarine systems – market trends, applications and technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current situation in the submarine fibre optics market is described. The submarine business is suffering from the same malaise as the rest of the telecommunications industry. Some reasons and present trends are outlined in this paper. Unrepeatered submarine ...

J. Merkel

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Decadal Trends in Evaporation from Global Energy and Water Balances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite and gridded meteorological data can be used to estimate evaporation (E) from land surfaces using simple diagnostic models. Two satellite datasets indicate a positive trend (first time derivative) in global available energy from 1983 to ...

Yongqiang Zhang; Ray Leuning; Francis H. S. Chiew; Enli Wang; Lu Zhang; Changming Liu; Fubao Sun; Murray C. Peel; Yanjun Shen; Martin Jung

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Search the Blog: Top 10 Green Building Trends for 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search the Blog: Search Jan 12 Top 10 Green Building Trends for 2010 by JTilley in Energy GREEN BUSINESS HOME PLANS VIDEOS SEARCH Blogs | Message Boards | Newsletter ProTV | Sweepstakes | Best

308

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Speaker(s): Rich Brown Date: May 16, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Was explosive growth in electricity...

309

Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state of knowledge regarding trends and an understanding of their causes is presented for a specific subset of extreme weather and climate types. For severe convective storms (tornadoes, hailstorms, and severe thunderstorms), differences in time and ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Thomas R. Karl; Harold Brooks; James Kossin; Jay H. Lawrimore; Derek Arndt; Lance Bosart; David Changnon; Susan L. Cutter; Nolan Doesken; Kerry Emanuel; Pavel Ya. Groisman; Richard W. Katz; Thomas Knutson; James O'Brien; Christopher J. Paciorek; Thomas C. Peterson; Kelly Redmond; David Robinson; Jeff Trapp; Russell Vose; Scott Weaver; Michael Wehner; Klaus Wolter; Donald Wuebbles

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price of power from new U.S. wind projects higher in 2009.should eventually help wind power regain the downward pricein Modern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

A GCM Simulation of Global Climate Trends: 1950–1988  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric general circulation model has been forced with observed mean monthly sea surface temperatures for the period 1950–1988 and the trends in annual mean fields from an ensemble of three such experiments analyzed. During this period, ...

I. N. Smith

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Observed Trends and Changes in Temperature Extremes over Argentina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note, changes in temperature extremes over a 40-yr period are analyzed, based on daily minimum and maximum temperatures over Argentina. Trend analysis was performed on seasonal means, standard deviations, and extremes (5th and 95th ...

Matilde Rusticucci; Mariana Barrucand

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

An Analysis of Tropospheric Humidity Trends from Radiosondes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new analysis of historical radiosonde humidity observations is described. An assessment of both known and unknown instrument and observing practice changes has been conducted to assess their impact on bias and uncertainty in long-term trends. ...

Mark P. McCarthy; P. W. Thorne; H. A. Titchner

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Diurnally Asymmetric Trends of Temperature, Humidity, and Precipitation in Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, 45 years (1961–2005) of hourly meteorological data in Taiwan, including temperature, humidity, and precipitation, have been analyzed with emphasis on their diurnal asymmetries. A long-term decreasing trend for relative humidity (RH) ...

Chein-Jung Shiu; Shaw Chen Liu; Jen-Ping Chen

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Data.gov Monthly Download Trends | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monthly Download Trends Year Last 12 Months 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Apply These numbers represent the number of times a user has clicked on the "XML" or "CSV" (for example) links...

316

Elevation-Dependent Trends in Precipitation Observed during NAME  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar data from the 2004 North American Monsoon Experiment (NAME) enhanced observing period were used to investigate diurnal trends and vertical structure of precipitating features relative to local terrain. Two-dimensional composites of ...

Angela K. Rowe; Steven A. Rutledge; Timothy J. Lang; Paul E. Ciesielski; Stephen M. Saleeby

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

The Role of Air Pollution in Decreasing Trends of Orographic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Role of Air Pollution in Decreasing Trends of Orographic Precipitation and Respective Water Resources Speaker(s): Daniel Rosenfeld Date: September 16, 2005 - 12:00pm Location:...

318

Temperature Trends in the NARCCAP Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The skill of six regional climate models (RCMs) in reproducing short-term (24-yr), observed, near-surface temperature trends when driven by reanalysis is examined. The RCMs are part of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (...

Melissa S. Bukovsky

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Observed Trends in Summertime Precipitation over the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors evaluate the significance of multidecadal trends in seasonal-mean summertime precipitation and precipitation characteristics over the southwestern United States using stochastic, chain-dependent daily rainfall models. ...

Bruce T. Anderson; Jingyun Wang; Guido Salvucci; Suchi Gopal; Shafiqul Islam

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV Installations and the Impact of Retail Rate Design on the Economics of PV Systems Speaker(s): Ryan Wiser Date:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Hybrid Model for Hydroturbine Generating Unit Trend Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the nonlinear and nonstationary characteristics of hydroelectricity systems, an hybrid prediction model based on wavelet transform and support vector machines is proposed in this paper for the trend analysis of hydroturbine generating unit ...

Min Zou; Jianzhong Zhou; Zhong Liu; Liangliang Zhan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Positron Computed Tomography: Current State, Clinical Results and Future Trends  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

An overview is presented of positron computed tomography: its advantages over single photon emission tomography, its use in metabolic studies of the heart and chemical investigation of the brain, and future trends. (ACR)

Schelbert, H. R.; Phelps, M. E.; Kuhl, D. E.

1980-09-00T23:59:59.000Z

323

Global R&D Trends -- Implications for Material Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... The Evolving R&D Model: International Trends and U.S. ... As a result, it is no surprise to see technology incubators everywhere in the world, ...

324

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Production Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Coal Production Emissions Caps Lead to More Use of Low-Sulfur Coal From Western Mines U.S. coal production has remained...

325

Southern Ocean Sector Centennial Climate Variability and Recent Decadal Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented for the notion that some contribution to the recent decadal trends observed in the Southern Hemisphere, including the lack of a strong Southern Ocean surface warming, may have originated from longer-term internal centennial ...

Mojib Latif; Torge Martin; Wonsun Park

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) Markets: Status and Trends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper examines experience in solar renewable energy certificate (SREC) markets in the United States. It describes how SREC markets function--key policy design provisions, eligible technologies, state and regional eligibility rules, solar alternative compliance payments, measurement and verification methods, long-term contracting provisions, and rate caps. It also examines the trends of SREC markets--trading volumes, sourcing trends, trends in the size of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems driven by these markets, and trends in price and compliance. Throughout, the paper explores key issues and challenges facing SREC markets and attempts by policymakers to address some of these market barriers. Data and information presented in this report are derived from SREC tracking systems, brokers and auctions, published reports, and information gleaned from market participants and interviews with state regulators responsible for SREC market implementation. The last section summarizes key findings.

Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Kreycik, C.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Trends in Global Marine Cloudiness and Anthropogenic Sulfur  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical analysis using published data on the global distribution of total cloud cover and cloud type amounts over the ocean, reduced from the Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Data Set (COADS), shows a significant positive trend (4.2% ...

Farn Parungo; Joe F. Boatman; Stan W. Wilkison; Herman Sievering; Bruce B. Hicks

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Total Lightning Trending Algorithm to Identify Severe Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm that provides an early indication of impending severe weather from observed trends in thunderstorm total lightning flash rates has been developed. The algorithm framework has been tested on 20 thunderstorms, including 1 nonsevere ...

Patrick N. Gatlin; Steven J. Goodman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Robust and Trend-following Student's t-Kalman Smoothers *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2011 ... The second, which we call the T-Trend smoother, is a MAP solver for a model with ... measurement noise using log-concave densities, taking.

330

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Observed Long-Term Trends for Agroclimatic Conditions in Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of agroclimatic indices representing Canadian climatic conditions for field crop production are analyzed for long-term trends during 1895–2007. The indices are categorized for three crop types: cool season, warm season, and overwintering. ...

Budong Qian; Xuebin Zhang; Kai Chen; Yang Feng; Ted O’Brien

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

  Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 006 Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 U.S. Wind Power Capacity Increased by 7% in 006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The United States Leads the World in Annual Capacity Growth . . . . . . . .4 Texas, Washington, and California Lead the U.S. in Annual Capacity Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 GE Wind Is the Dominant Turbine Manufacturer, with Siemens Gaining Market Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Average Turbine Size Continues to Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Developer Consolidation Accelerates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Innovation and Competition in Non-Utility Wind Financing Persists . . . .9

333

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Part 2. Energy Intensity Data Tables Total Energy Consumption Consumption by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part 1. Energy Consumption The CBECS collects energy consumption statistics from energy suppliers for four major energy sources—electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat—and collects information from the sampled buildings on the use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that consumed in all end-use sectors. In 2000, about 17 percent of total energy was consumed in the commercial sector. Total Energy Consumption

334

Air quality trends in Region VIII (1979 data). Final report  

SciTech Connect

Air quality trends and status for the calendar year 1979 were determined for the six states in Region VIII. These states include Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. Data resident in the SAROAD national data bank was analyzed. Statistical test which detect significant differences between two populations were utilized to identify trends. The status and severity of air pollutants was reported as a direct measure of air quality in each nonattainment area.

Tabor, W.H.; Entzminger, T.A.; Bell, S.C.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A tree-based-trend-diffusion prediction procedure for small sample sets in the early stages of manufacturing systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Product life cycles are becoming shorter, especially in the electronics industry. The issue of time to market has thus become a core competency for firms to increase market share. In order to shorten the cycle time from product design to mass production, ... Keywords: M5' model tree, Multi-layer ceramic capacitor, Small data set, Trend-diffusion, Virtual sample

Der-Chiang Li; Chien-Chih Chen; Che-Jung Chang; Wu-Kuo Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Heliumisotope trends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Heat and mass are injected into the shallow crust when mantle fluids are able to flow through the ductile lower crust. Minimum 3He/4He ratios in surface fluids from the northern Basin and Range province, western North America increase systematically from low, crustal values in the east to high, mantle values in the west, a regional trend that correlates with the rates of active crustal deformation. The highest ratios occur where the extension and shear strain rates are greatest. The correspondence of helium isotope ratios and active trans-tensional deformation indicates a deformation enhanced permeability and that mantle fluids can penetrate the ductile lithosphere in regions even where there is no significant magmatism. Superimposed on the regional trend are local, high-{sup 3}He/{sup 4}He anomalies signifying hidden magmatic activity and/or deep fluid production with locally enhanced permeability, identifying zones with high resource potential, particularly for geothermal energy development.

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2007-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of substantial growth, with the U.S. and China likely to vie for largest-market status for years to come. With the market evolving at such a rapid pace, keeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become increasingly difficult. At the same time, limits to future growth are uncertain. This paper summarizes major trends in the U.S. wind market, and explores the technical and economic feasibility of achieving much greater levels of wind penetration. China would be well served to conduct similar analyses of the feasibility, benefits, challenges, and policy needs associated with much higher levels of wind power generation than currently expressed in national targets.

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

338

Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies - Open Communications Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

223. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC BerkeleyTrends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley FEMP/p. 6. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley

Webster, Tom

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Wine-grape production trends reflect evolving consumer demand over 30 years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t Wine-grape production trends reflect evolving consumerregions. We examine the major trends in the California wine-Wine Institute 2007). This trend was kick-started in large

Volpe, Richard J. III; Green, Richard; Heien, Dale; Howitt, Richard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Shape trends and triaxiality in neutron-rich odd-mass Y and Nb isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shape trends and triaxiality in neutron-rich odd-mass Y andseries, following a similar trend in the neighboring even-Fig. 6 follow similar trends over a wide frequency region,

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

New Berkeley Lab Report Tracks a Decade of PV Installed Cost Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of PV Installed Cost Trends Galen Barbose, Carla Peterman,fill this need by summarizing trends in the installed cost (the broader geographical trends in the U.S. PV market, the

Barbose, Galen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Smoking Presentation Trends in U.S. Movies 1991-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smoking Presentation Trends in U.S. Movies 1991-2008 Korithis exposure. To examine trends i n the number of tobaccoparticular attention to smoking trends i n youth-rated films

Titus, Kori; Glantz, Stanton PhD; Polansky, Jonathan R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Recent breast cancer incidence trends according to hormone therapy use: the California Teachers Study cohort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

breast cancer incidence trends according to hormone therapyA, Ward E, Thun MJ: Recent trends in breast cancer incidencein France: a paradoxical trend. Bull Cancer 10. Katalinic A,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cope, and L. A. Kerr. 2002. Trends in Fisheries and Fisheryeffort, and management trends. Marine Fisheries ReviewCope, and L. A. Kerr. 2002. Trends in Fisheries and Fishery

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Trends in the Sediment Yield of the Sacramento River, California, 1957 - 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

416–426. Donoghue JF. 1990. Trends in Chesapeake Bay sedi-of the Environment SCIENCE Trends in the Sediment Yield ofbe contributing to the trend in sediment yield, including

Wright, Scott A; Schoellhamer, David H

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

super-imposed on regional trends can identify potentialCrust: Helium Isotope Trends I B. Mack Kennedyl andlMatthijsin the west, a regional trend that correlates with the rates

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Long-Term Trends in Summertime Habitat Suitability for Delta Smelt (Hypomesus transpacificus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SA, Schoellhamer DH. 2004. Trends in the sediment yield ofKevin Fleming. 2008. Long-term Trends in Summertime HabitatTR. 2007. Multi- decadal trends for three declining fish

Nobriga, Matthew L.; Sommer, Ted R.; Feyrer, Frederick; Fleming, Kevin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Trends in types of dermatology books available over the last ten years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in types of dermatology books available over the lastWe hypothesized that this trend would be evident in theperformed to determine if this trend has been reflected in

Aquino, Lisa L; Wu, Jashin J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Trends in Out-of-Home and At-Home Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22, 2006. 16. Latest Trends: Usage Over Time. Pew Internet &Year Four—Ten Years, Ten Trends. USC Annenberg School Centerideal for examining these trends but are expensive, and so

Wilson, Ryan; Krizek, Kevin J.; Handy, Susan L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wiser. 2011. Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine PricesWiser. 2009. “Wind Power Price Trends in the United States:Fowler, Andrew. 2008. “Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. ,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook”. January 2007. LBNL-India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Stephane de la Rue duSectoral Trends and Future Outlook (Zhou et al. , 2007)

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Market trends in the U.S. ESCO industry: Results from the NAESCO database project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Services Company Industry: Analysis of Industry and Market Trends,”industry and market trends in the energy-efficiency servicesenergy services, and investors of ESCO market and industry trends,

Goldman, Charles A.; Osborn, Julie G.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Singer, Terry E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Actual trends of decentralized CHP integration -- The Californian investment subsidy system and its implication for the energy efficiency directive (Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK Technologie Integration -- Das kalifornische Fordermodell und dessen Implikation fur die Endenergieeffizienzrichtlinie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sein (Stadler, 2003). Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWKsich auf 3375€/kW. Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWKdes gesamten Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK

Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Rail transport. trends in energy efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing cost and insecure future supply of diesel fuel have led the U.S. railroad industry to continuously improve on its already efficient use of energy. Among such improvements that are planned or in progress are a fuel-efficient version of a mainline engine, which should save 13,200 gal/yr of fuel; and lightweight coal cars and freight-car trucks, which offer fuel-saving opportunities. The use of synthetic fuels such as methanol-from-coal or all-electric locomotive on a broad scale is unlikely within the next 20 yr, but an increased use of synthetic fuels in other large fuel-consuming transport modes, notably cars, would ease the rail industry's future diesel fuel supply problems. Other fuel-saving factors to consider, such as proper train-operating procedures and the use of the best routes; and the new design of rail cars are also discussed.

Eldridge, C.C.; Van Gorp, P.H.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Environmental trends to the year 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This analysis focuses on the environmental impacts of the National Energy Policy Plan and emphasizes those pollutants for which energy development and use play a significant role. Energy is by no means responsible for all the increases projected for the various emissions. The increase in relative contributions of the energy sector to emissions during the study period is within a range of zero to 15% for all selected pollutants with the exception of ash, captured particulates, and oil-shale waste. For that group, the energy sector contribution increases from 58% to 89%, primarily because of the production of oil from shale. If the oil-shale wastes were not included in these totals, energy-process wastes would be 62% of the national total of 250 million tons. Even though these figures represent total net emissions to the environment, rather than ambient concentrations, the assessment offers a sound basis for an important overall conclusion. The significant economic growth projected by the National Energy Policy Plan, and continuing free-market efforts to ensure the wise and efficient application of energy resources by the nation, can be achieved without foresaking reasonable environmental quality.

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Increase of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increase of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal? Pang 2012; revised 18 February 2012; accepted 20 February 2012; published 16 March 2012. [1] Monsoons of people around the world. The global monsoon precipitation had an increasing trend over the past three

Li, Tim

357

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2000. Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/NTDP TechnicalT. L. , "Trends in Energy Management Technology - Enabling

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Trends in Energy Management Technologies - Part 5: Effectiveness of Energy Management Systems: What the Experts Say and Case Studies Reveal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies Division, LBNL. Trends in Energy ManagementLBNL. Webster, T, 2002. “Trends Affecting Building ControlPrincipal, Facility Dynamics. Trends in Energy Management

Webster, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Varying trends in surface energy fluxes and associated climate between 1960-2002 based on transient climate simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohmura (1998), Means and trends of shortwave irradiance atal. (1993), Asymmetric trends of daily maximum and minimumanalysis of pan evaporation trends in China, 1955-2000, J.

Nazarenko, Larissa; Menon, Surabi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price, 2008 “Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse GasTrends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Price

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care ProductsChapter 20 Latest Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care Products Chapter 20 Latest Trends Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 20 Latest Trends from ...

362

Natural gas 1994: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of the natural gas industry in 1993 and early 1994 (Chapter 1), focusing on the overall ability to deliver gas under the new regulatory mandates of Order 636. In addition, the report highlights a range of issues affecting the industry, including: restructuring under Order 636 (Chapter 2); adjustments in natural gas contracting (Chapter 3); increased use of underground storage (Chapter 4); effects of the new market on the financial performance of the industry (Chapter 5); continued impacts of major regulatory and legislative changes on the natural gas market (Appendix A).

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Immigrant Danger? Immigration and Increased Crime in Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adapt, tension, violent crime, and even homicide will likelyHistorical Trends in Violent Crime,” University of Chicago2003, p. 106. Marcelo Aebi, “Crime Trends in Western Europe

Hiatt, Keith D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A systematic regional trend in helium isotopes across the northernbasin and range province, Western North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive study of helium isotopes in fluids collectedfrom surface springs, fumaroles and wells across the northern Basin andRange Province reveals a systematic trend of decreasing 3He/4He ratiosfrom west to east. The western margin of the Basin and Range ischaracterized by mantle-like ratios (6-8 Ra) associated with active orrecently active crustal magma systems (e.g., Coso, Long Valley,Steamboat, and the Cascade volcanic complex). Moving towards the east,the ratios decline systematically to a background value of ~;0.1 Ra. Theregional trend is consistent with extensive mantle melting concentratedalong the western margin and is coincident with an east-to-west increasein the magnitude of northwest strain. The increase in shear strainenhances crustal permeability resulting in high vertical fluid flow ratesthat preserve the high helium isotope ratios at the surface. Superimposedon the regional trend are "helium spikes," local anomalies in the heliumisotope composition. These "spikes" reflect either local zones of mantlemelting or locally enhanced crustal permeability. In the case of theDixie Valley hydrothermal system, it appears to be a combination ofboth.

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Yankee links computing needs, increases productivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yankee Atomic Electric Company provides design and consultation services to electric utility companies that operate nuclear power plants. This means bringing together the skills and talents of more than 500 people in many disciplines, including computer-aided design, human resources, financial services, and nuclear engineering. The company was facing a problem familiar to many companies in the nuclear industry.Key corporate data and applications resided on UNIX or other types of computer systems, but most users at Yankee had personal computers on their desks. How could Yankee enable the PC users to share the data, applications, and resources of the larger computing environment such as UNIX, while ensuring they could still use their favorite PC applications? The solution was PC-NFS from Sunsoft, of Chelmsford, Mass., which links PCs to UNIX and other systems. The Yankee computing story is an example of computer downsizing-the trend of moving away from mainframe computers in favor of lower-cost, more flexible client/server computing. Today, Yankee Atomic has more than 350 PCs on desktops throughout the company, using PC-NFS, which enables them t;o use the data, applications, disks, and printers of the FUNIX server systems. This new client/server environment has reduced Yankee`s computing costs while increasing its computing power and its ability to respond to customers.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Trend Singular Value Decomposition Analysis and Its Application to the Global Ocean Surface Latent Heat Flux and SST Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the complexity of trends in the actual climate system, distinguishing between different trends and different trend modes is important for climate research. This study introduces a new method called “trend singular value decomposition (TSVD) ...

Gen Li; Baohua Ren; Jianqiu Zheng; Chengyun Yang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

World trends: Improving fortunes restore upstream health  

SciTech Connect

After a decade of recovery from the oil price collapse of 1986, the global upstream industry appears headed for a period of renewed strength and growth. Underpinning the prosperity is steady unrelenting growth in crude demand. Stronger global crude demand and heavy natural gas usage in the US are driving higher prices. Operators are reacting to better prices with larger drilling programs. Also boosting drilling levels are crude production expansion projects that many countries have underway in response to perceived future demand. Not surprisingly, World Oil`s outlook calls for global drilling to rise 4.5% to 60,273 wells, a second straight annual increase. Better US activity is helping, but so are stronger-than-expected numbers in Canada. Meanwhile, World Oil`s 51st annual survey of governments and operators indicates that global oil production rose 1.4% last year, to 62,774 million bpd. That was not enough, however, to keep up with demand. The paper discusses financial performance, business practices, other factors, and operating outlook. A table lists the 1996 forecasts, estimated wells drilled in 1995, and total wells and footage drilled in 1994 by country. A second table lists global crude and condensate production and wells actually producing in 1995 versus 1994.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present and analyze a chemical dataset that includes the concentrations and fluxes of HCO3-, SO42-, Cl-, and F- in the major rivers draining Yellowstone National Park (YNP) for the 2002-2004 water years (1 October 2001 - 30 September 2004). The total (molar) flux in all rivers decreases in the following order, HCO3- > Cl- > SO42- > F-, but each river is characterized by a distinct chemical composition, implying large-scale

369

DataTrends Energy Use in Office Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office Buildings Office Buildings The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 1,000 kBtu/ft 2 across all office buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 7 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

370

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity Figure 32. Average annual growth rates fo real GDP, labor force, and productivity, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 33. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data AEO2008 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth AEO2008 presents three views of economic growth for the 2006-2030 projection period. Economic growth depends mainly on growth in the labor force and productivity. In the reference case, the labor force grows by an average of 0.7 percent per year; labor productivity in the nonfarm business

371

DataTrends Energy Use in K-12 Schools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

K-12 Schools K-12 Schools The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 50 to more than 500 kBtu/ft 2 across all K-12 School buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

372

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Data Trends: Energy Use In Hotels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hotels Hotels The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all hotel buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

373

Portfolio Manager DataTrends | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Portfolio Manager DataTrends Portfolio Manager DataTrends Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Find out who's partnered with ENERGY STAR Become an ENERGY STAR partner Find ENERGY STAR certified buildings and plants ENERGY STAR certification Featured research and reports Portfolio Manager DataTrends ENERGY STAR Snapshot Energy strategy for the future

374

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

375

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends October 23, 2013 - 10:41am Addthis This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Rapid advances in solid-state lighting (SSL) technology are reducing the cost, improving the performance and quality, and bringing new lighting options--light emitting diodes (LEDs) to the market. But for lighting and energy efficiency industry professionals this seemingly good news can be "too much of a good thing." Imagine the challenge of making smart institutional purchasing decisions or designing

376

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity AEO2009 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth Figure 27. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor force, and productivity in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 28. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 29. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

377

Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar September 4, 2013 11:00AM MDT Webinar The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) are pleased to continue their sponsorship of the Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series. The webinar will be held from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. The growth and pace of the renewable energy market will be driven by many factors, including awareness and concern over remaining non-renewable resources, the need for imported energy and the security issues surrounding that need, and government support and financial incentives. Participants

378

Production Trends of Shale Gas Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To obtain better well performance and improved production from shale gas reservoirs, it is important to understand the behavior of shale gas wells and to identify different flow regions in them over a period of time. It is also important to understand best fracture and stimulation practice to increase productivity of wells. These objectives require that accurate production analysis be performed. For accurate production analysis, it is important to analyze the production behavior of wells, and field production data should be interpreted in such a way that it will identify well parameters. This can be done by performing a detailed analysis on a number of wells over whole reservoirs. This study is an approach that will lead to identifying different flow regions in shale gas wells that include linear and bilinear flow. Important field parameters can be calculated from those observations to help improve future performance. The detailed plots of several wells in this study show some good numbers for linear and bilinear flow, and some unique observations were made. The purpose of this work is to also manage the large amount of data in such a way that they can be used with ease for future studies. A program was developed to automate the analysis and generation of different plots. The program can also be used to perform the simple calculations to calculate different parameters. The goal was to develop a friendly user interface that would facilitate reservoir analysis. Examples were shown for each flow period, i.e. linear and bilinear flow. Different plots were generated (e.g; Bob Plot (square root of time plot) and Fourth Root of Time Plot, that will help in measuring slopes and thus reservoir parameters such as fracture permeability and drainage area. Different unique cases were also observed that show a different behavior of well in one type of plot from another.

Khan, Waqar A.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Labor Market Trends for Nuclear Engineers Through 2005, 1999 Update Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the labor market trends for nuclear engineers predicted through the year 2005.

Larry Blair

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

380

Wind Energy Technology Trends: Comparing and Contrasting Recent Cost and Performance Forecasts (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Poster depicts wind energy technology trends, comparing and contrasting recent cost and performance forecasts.

Lantz, E.; Hand, M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Targets:EU Biofuels Targets: Target 1Target 1 -- 2% by 20052% by 2005 Target 2Target 2 -- 5.75% by 20105 USA Biofuels TargetsUSA Biofuels Targets Federal RFSFederal RFS ­­ 36 billion gallons by 202236China''s Biodiesel Targetss Biodiesel Targets ·· 20102010 -- to increase biofuels production toto increase biofuels

382

1984 market trends for the air pollution control industry  

SciTech Connect

January 1984 forecasts by The McIlvaine Company project variable but promising worldwide industry trends for the coming year. The influence on the market of air pollution legislation (in particular, acid rain legislation), gauged by utility planning trends, is discussed in the context of a shifting world market. Specialties within the segmented air pollution control market are categorized by the ''market leader'' concept, with which the author identifies a number of top companies as ''world market leaders.''

McIlvaine, R.W.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Abundance trends in the thin and thick disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Milky Way harbours two disks that appear distinct concerning scale-heights, kinematics, and elemental abundance patterns. Recent years have seen a surge of studies of the elemental abundance trends in the disks using high resolution spectroscopy. Here I will review and discuss the currently available data. Special focus will also be put on how we define stars to be members of either disk, and how current models of galaxy formation favour that thick disks are formed from several accreted bodies. The ability for the stellar abundance trends to test such predictions are discussed.

Sofia Feltzing

2004-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

384

Non-Compliance Tracking and Trending at LLNL  

SciTech Connect

The Criticality Safety Section at LLNL has a formal set of procedures to guide the administrative and technical work of the section. Two of these procedures, ''Response to a Criticality Safety Infraction'' and ''CSG Criticality Safety Non-Compliance and Audit Tracking System,'' provide combined guidance for response, tracking, and trending for procedural non-compliances. Combined with a database, this system provides a framework to systematically respond to, document, track and trend criticality safety non-compliances, as well as audit findings.

Huang, S T; Pearson, J S

2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional Differences  

SciTech Connect

The data in this report are taken from Natural Marketing Institute's (NMI's) Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability Consumer Trends Database. Created in 2002, the syndicated consumer database contains responses from 2,000 to 4,000 nationally representative U.S. adults (meaning the demographics of the sample are consistent with U.S. Census findings) each year. NMI used the database to analyze consumer attitudes and behavior related to renewable energy and to update previously conducted related research. Specifically, this report will explore consumer awareness, concerns, perceived benefits, knowledge of purchase options, and usage of renewable energy as well as provide regional comparisons and trends over time.

Natural Marketing Institute, Harleysville, Pennsylvania

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

Barbara Drazga

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Status and trends of geothermal direct use projects in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States is continuing to experience a significant growth rate in the use of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal resources for direct use applications, which is making an increasing contribution to the United States energy demands. This paper provides an overview of how and where geothermal energy is being used, the extent of that use, and what the development trends and concerns appear to be. The applications discussed include industrial processes, heat pumps (heating and cooling), pools and spas, aquaculture and agriculture applications, and space and district heating projects. 3 tabs.

Lunis, B.C.; Lienau, P.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

An explanation for the lack of trend in the hurricane frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The proposition that the tropical cyclogenesis increases with the size of the warm pool, the area enclosed by the 26C SST isotherm, is tested by comparing the seasonal variation of the warm pool area with the seasonality of the number of tropical cyclones. A non-linear relationship of high statistical significance is found between the area and the number of cyclones, which may explain both why there is no linear trend in the number of cyclones over time and the recent upturn in the number of Atlantic hurricanes.

Benestad, R E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends at Different Levels of Government  

SciTech Connect

This report catalogs by sector--buildings, transportation, industrial, and power--energy efficiency policies at the federal, state, and local levels, and identifies some prominent policy trends. Four key findings emerged from this report: 1) leadership on energy efficiency is necessary--and is found--at each level of government; 2) there is no widely accepted methodology for evaluating energy efficiency policies; 3) coordination among the three levels of government--and across sectors--is increasingly important, and there are opportunities to significantly improve policy performance through a unified strategy; and 4) there are efficiencies to be gained by informing policies in one sector with experience from others.

Doris, E.; Cochran, J.; Vorum, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Bloomberg New Energy Finance Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: fs-unep-centre.org/publications/global-trends-renewable-energy-investm UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Screenshot References: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011[1] The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and Issues in the financing of renewable energy. "The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and

391

Instrumentation for Increased Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second Technical Update of the Instrumentation for Managing Increased Power Flow project, part of EPRI's Increased Power Flow (IPF) program. The project, initiated in 2006 and expected to continue for several years, studies the feasibility of new instrumentation to support increased power flow strategies. In 2007 the work focused on two primary developments: the Backscatter Sensor for the real-time measurement of transmission line temperature and current and the Emissivity Test Instrum...

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

392

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best- practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment, without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best- practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment, without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

394

Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes to the commercial provisions of the 2012 IECC: Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation R Hart Pacific Northwest National Laboratory December 2012 Proposal Description This...

395

Increasing State Capacity Through Clans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their role in increasing state capacity With the decline ofhere focus on state capacity and the associated discussionselements of state capacity during the transition from one

Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Demand and Supply Natural Gas Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Natural Gas Demand and Supply Figure 82. Natural gas consumption by sector, 1990-2025 (trillion cubic feet). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Figure 83. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2025 (trillion cubic feet). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Projected Increases in Natural Gas Use Are Led by Electricity Generators In the AEO2005 reference case, total natural gas consumption increases from 22.0 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 30.7 trillion cubic feet in 2025. In the electric power sector, natural gas consumption increases from 5.0 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 9.4 trillion cubic feet in 2025 (Figure 82),

397

Trending Twitter topics in English: An international comparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worldwide span of the microblogging service Twitter provides an opportunity to make international comparisons of trending topics of interest, such as news stories. Previous international comparisons of news interests have tended to use surveys ... Keywords: Twitter, cross cultural aspects, international aspects, news media, topics

David Wilkinson; Mike Thelwall

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: energy.gov/prices-trends Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

399

Trendy Bugs Topic Trends in the Android Bug Reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trendy Bugs Topic Trends in the Android Bug Reports Lee Martie, Vijay Krishna Palepu, Hitesh {lmartie, vpalepu, hsajnani, lopes}@ics.uci.edu Abstract--Studying vast volumes of bug and issue public issue tracker. This informs us of the features or parts of the project that are more problematic

Jones, James A.

400

Decadal-Scale Temperature Trends in the Southern Hemisphere Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term trends in the heat content of the Southern Hemisphere ocean are evaluated by comparing temperature profiles collected during the 1990s with profiles collected starting in the 1930s. Data are drawn both from ship-based hydrographic ...

Sarah T. Gille

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Testing for a Trend in a Partially Incomplete Hurricane Record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The record of annual counts of basinwide North Atlantic hurricanes is incomplete prior to 1946. This has restricted efforts to identify a long-term trend in hurricane activity to the postwar period. In contrast, the complete record of U.S. ...

Andrew R. Solow; Laura Moore

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Global remote sensing research trends during 19912010: a bibliometric analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global remote sensing research trends during 1991­2010: a bibliometric analysis Yanhua Zhuang to remote sensing of SCI and SSCI databases during 1991­2010, this study evaluated the geographical, institutional, national, and spatiotemporal patterns in remote sensing research. Remote sensing research went up

Gruner, Daniel S.

403

Long-Term Wind Speed Trends over Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate estimates of long-term linear trends of wind speed provide a useful indicator for circulation changes in the atmosphere and are invaluable for the planning and financing of sectors such as wind energy. Here a large number of wind ...

Alberto Troccoli; Karl Muller; Peter Coppin; Robert Davy; Chris Russell; Annette L. Hirsch

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

An Update of U.S. Temperature Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note updates the temperature trend study of the contiguous 48 United States by Lund et al. for data observed during the 4-yr period 1997–2000. A parsimonious changepoint parameterization is now used, and the methods for handling missing data ...

Qi Qi Lu; Robert Lund; Lynne Seymour

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

“Eyeballing” Trends in Climate Time Series: A Cautionary Note  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In examining a plot of a time series of a scalar climate variable for indications of climate change, an investigator might pick out what appears to be a linear trend commencing near the end of the record. Visual determination of the starting time ...

Donald B. Percival; D. Andrew Rothrock

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Transportation Revenue Estimator and Needs Determination System (TRENDS) Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................... 15 3.3 Indexing the Motor Fuels Tax, inflation rates, taxes, fees and other elements. The output is a set of tables and graphs showing a forecast................................................................................................. 12 TRENDS Model Revenue Enhancements Tab 3.1 State Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Variables

407

Emerging trends around big data analytics and security: panel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This panel will discuss the interplay between key emerging security trends centered around big data analytics and security. With the explosion of big data and advent of cloud computing, data analytics has not only become prevalent but also a critical ... Keywords: analytics, big data, privacy, security

Rafae Bhatti; Ryan LaSalle; Rob Bird; Tim Grance; Elisa Bertino

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Warming Trends in the Arctic from Clear Sky Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite thermal infrared data on surface temperatures provide pan-Arctic coverage from 1981 to 2001 during cloud-free conditions and reveal large warming anomalies in the 1990s compared to the 1980s and regional variability in the trend. The ...

Josefino C. Comiso

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

410

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

411

Current Trends in Gamma Ray Detection for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

412

Two Trends of Composition Variation of Zircons and Their Significance in Origin Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zircons can crystallize in a wide range of physical and chemical conditions. At the same time, they have high stability and durability. Therefore zircons can grow and survive in a variety of geological processes. In addition, the diffusivity of chemical compositions in their crystals is very low. Consequently,we can trace back the evolution history of the planetary materials containing zircon by zircon U-Th-Pb geochronology and geochemistry studies. However, this depends on our ability to decipher its genesis,namely magmatic or metamorphic origins. In this paper, we have found that there are obvious differences between magmatic and metamorphic zircons in their chemical composition zonations. The magmatic zircons exhibit composition zonation of increasing HfO2, and (UO2 + ThO2) content and decreasing ZrO2/HfO2 ratio and ZrO2 content from inner to outer parts within each growth zone or from core to rim of a crysta1. The metamorphic zircons exhibit compositional variation trend opposite to that of magmatic (igneous) zircons,tending to decrease in HfO2, (UO2+ ThO2)and increase in ZrO2/HfO2 ratio and ZrO2 from core to rim of a crystal. These chemical composition variation trends are thought to be controlled by the crystal chemical features of ions themselves and the evolution trends of magmatism and metamorphism respectively, and can be used to identify the genesis of zircons. Their morphological features are also discussed.

Xuezhao Bao

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

413

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.98 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 6.8 cents from a week ago, based...

414

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

415

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4-tenths of a penny from a...

416

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

417

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the...

418

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

419

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

420

Gas utilities to increase outlays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite rising natural gas prices and falling consumer demand for gas, experts predict a 16% increase in US gas transmission and distribution expenditures for 1983. Production and storage outlays will probably decrease because of the current gas surplus. The demand for natural gas has been below production levels since 1981. Increases in residential and commercial requirements have been offset by a drop in industrial use, which represents 50% of total gas demand.

O'Donnell, J.P.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Economics of Increased Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report focuses on methodologies for evaluating the costs and benefits of the diverse technologies that can be used either individually or jointly to increase the flow of power through the transmission system. It begins by describing a broad slate of potential technologies and approaches for increasing transmission capacity and improving system efficiency and then provides an overall framework for assessing the benefits and costs of these technologies. Later sections cover the practical implementatio...

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

422

Improving dual-porosity simulation of waterflood performance in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we have discussed the methods of analyzing the waterflood performance of the O'Daniel waterflood pilot in the Spraberry Trend Area with the help of reservoir simulation. Spraberry Trend Area is considered to be one of the richest oil fields in the world. However, out of 6-10 billion bbls of original oil only 700 million bbls have been produced. In an effort to increase recovery, several waterflood pilots were conducted in Spraberry beginning in the late 1950's. Because of profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, waterflooding has been only moderately successful, and billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain unrecovered. A recent waterflood pilot study started in 1995 with dramatically different results. The pilot was conducted in the O'Daniel unit of the Spraberry. The recovery in this lease has exceeded 25% of the original oil in place, compared to only 10% recovery in the entire Spraberry. Data from the current waterflood clearly shows that on-trend wells which are outside the pilot and along the major fracture trend responded favorably. In the previous waterflood pilots in Spraberry, the producer located off-trend from the water injectors received all the attention and the response in the on-trend wells was overlooked. In this study, we have developed a waterflood pattern for Spraberry where the target wells for waterflood response will be the on-trend producers. A successful waterflood depends on properly positioning the injectors and producers. In fractured reservoirs, fracture location, orientation and permeability dictates the placing of injection and production wells. So, to understand the fracture distribution, the main intention behind this thesis is to develop a method to determine location, orientation and permeability of fractures in Spraberry by using reservoir simulation. We performed three simulation studies: Humble pilot waterflood, O'Daniel tracer analysis and O'Daniel pilot waterflood. The first two simulation studies were performed with simple two-well models. The fracture orientation and permeability ratio obtained in these models were applied to the full field O'Daniel pilot that consists of 59 wells in about 8500-acre area. Our simulation model shows that a concept of fracture enhancement (grid-blocks with high fracture permeability) in the dual-porosity model is necessary to capture the effect of heterogeneity of fracture network. The major fracture orientation obtained from the simulation is very close to the one obtained from the interference test and horizontal core analysis. The results of this study could be used in determining an optimum waterflood pattern suitable for that area to forecast oil production with different scenarios such as, infill drilling, CO2 injection, horizontal wells etc. Finally, the results of this work will provide a method to assess the economic feasibility of large-scale water injection in the remainder of the field.

Chowdhury, Tanvir

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Tropical cyclone losses in the USA and the impact of climate change - A trend analysis based on data from a new approach to adjusting storm losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Economic losses caused by tropical cyclones have increased dramatically. Historical changes in losses are a result of meteorological factors (changes in the incidence of severe cyclones, whether due to natural climate variability or as a result of human activity) and socio-economic factors (increased prosperity and a greater tendency for people to settle in exposed areas). This paper aims to isolate the socio-economic effects and ascertain the potential impact of climate change on this trend. Storm losses for the period 1950-2005 have been adjusted to the value of capital stock in 2005 so that any remaining trend cannot be ascribed to socio-economic developments. For this, we introduce a new approach to adjusting losses based on the change in capital stock at risk. Storm losses are mainly determined by the intensity of the storm and the material assets, such as property and infrastructure, located in the region affected. We therefore adjust the losses to exclude increases in the capital stock of the affected region. No trend is found for the period 1950-2005 as a whole. In the period 1971-2005, since the beginning of a trend towards increased intense cyclone activity, losses excluding socio-economic effects show an annual increase of 4% per annum. This increase must therefore be at least due to the impact of natural climate variability but, more likely than not, also due to anthropogenic forcings.

Schmidt, Silvio, E-mail: sischmidt@munichre.co [Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, c/o Munich Reinsurance Company, Koeniginstr. 107, 80802 Munich (Germany); Kemfert, Claudia, E-mail: ckemfert@diw.d [German Institute of Economic Research and Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Mohrenstr. 58, 10117 Berlin (Germany); Hoeppe, Peter, E-mail: phoeppe@munichre.co [Munich Reinsurance Company, Koeniginstr. 107, 80802 Munich (Germany)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumption Trends Consumption Trends Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

425

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Trends - Market Drivers Market Trends - Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Through 2030 Figure 24. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor frce, and productivity in three cases, 2004-2030 (percent per year). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data AEO2006 presents three views of economic growth for the forecast period from 2004 through 2030. Although probabilities are not assigned, the reference case reflects the most likely view of how the economy will unfold over the period. In the reference case, the NationÂ’s economic growth, measured in terms of real GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars, is projected to average 3.0 percent per year (Figure 24). The labor force is

426

Recovery of CO2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan G. Chapel (dan.chapel@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) Carl L. Mariz (carl.mariz@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) FluorDaniel One Fluor Drive Aliso Viejo CA, 92698 John Ernest (john.ernest@minimed.com; 818-576-4293) Advanced Quality Services Inc 11024 Balboa Blvd. PMB154, Granada Hills, CA 91344-5007 1 Recovery of CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan Chapel - Fluor Daniel Inc., Senior Vice President Technology; Oil, Gas & Power John Ernest - Advanced Quality Services Inc., Validation Engineer

427

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Understanding Trends in Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices O Over the Past Decade Mark Bolinger and Ryan Wiser Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October, 2011 The work described in this presentation was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Water Power Program) under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 Motivation 1) Turbine prices in the U.S. have fallen ~20%-30% in recent years, but from elevated levels - prices had previously doubled from 2002 2008 2002-2008 2) This doubling in price contradicts standard "learning curve" theory, and requires an alternate explanation * Traditional learning curves suggest that wind project costs should fall

428

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Prepared under Task No. SM12.3050 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012

429

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In late 1983, a cost containment program was initiated out of the governor's office directed at the major state agencies. The Energy Management Group at Texas A&M University provided technical expertise in obtaining agency energy usage and cost figures for the fiscal years 1981 to 1983. While there is considerable diversity from agency to agency, the trend is toward dramatically higher energy cost per square foot for virtually all agencies. This alarming trend can be partially explained by rising unit costs for gas and electricity and a lack of incentives for conservation efforts due to the method of utility budget allocations. A building standard signed into law in 1976 could have reduced energy consumption, but was never enforced. Beginning in fiscal year 1986, universities will be allowed to comingle utility money with capital operating money so that conservation can really pay off for them.

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

LONG-TERM TRENDS IN SUNSPOT MAGNETIC FIELDS  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies indicate that a maximum field strength in sunspots shows a gradual decrease over the last several years. By extrapolating this trend, Penn and Livingston proposed that sunspots may completely disappear in the not-so-distant future. To verify these recent findings, we employ historic synoptic data sets from seven observatories in the former USSR covering the period from 1957 to 2011 (from 1998 to 2011, observations were taken at only one observatory). Our results indicate that while sunspot field strengths rise and wane with solar cycle, there is not a long-term trend that would suggest a gradual decrease in sunspot magnetic fields over the four and a half solar cycles covered by these observations.

Pevtsov, Alexei A. [National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Nagovitsyn, Yury A.; Rybak, Alexey L. [Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 196140 (Russian Federation); Tlatov, Andrey G., E-mail: apevtsov@nso.edu, E-mail: nag@gao.spb.edu, E-mail: tlatov@mail.ru [Kislovodsk Solar Station of Pulkovo Observatory, Kislovodsk 357700 (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Energy use and conservation trends, 1972--1986  

SciTech Connect

US trends in energy use and conservation since 1972 are analyzed in this report. That year represents the last year prior to significant energy price shocks. In 1986, an estimated 31.8 quads has been saved in the US compared with what consumption would have been if the energy use per dollar of GNP had continued on the same trend after 1972 as in the period 1960--1972. Actual US energy consumption in 1986 was 74.3 quads. It is clear that energy conservation is persistent and conservation investments continue to pay off even after initial energy price shocks have subsided. Separate analyses have been conducted for the major end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation). Savings have been estimated in each sector, and the factors contributing to sectoral savings identified. 19 refs., 23 figs., 26 tabs.

Klan, M.S.; Belzer, D.B.; Marsh, S.J.; Moore, N.L.; Roop, J.M.; Sands, R.D.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Emerging business models and trends in the mobile wireless industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a theory to account for how emerging business models and trends are driving scale and scope economies in the mobile wireless industry. Despite raising expectations, the mobile wireless industry is currently volatile. As difficult ... Keywords: alliance, bundling, convergence, mobile networks, mobile virtual network operators, mobile wireless, network sharing, service differentiation, software outsourcing, software systems, technological evolution, value chain, wireless gateways, wireless networks

Hemant K. Sabat

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Water Resource Trends and Implications for the Electric Power Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water resources, both surface and groundwater, are subject to significant variation and change with respect to volume, flow, and quality. This report evaluates observed water resource trends within the United States and their implications for electric power generation. The report also addresses how individual companies have responded to these changes. The report will be of value to environment, generation, and planning managers within power companies, government agencies, and water resource stakeholders ...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

434

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

435

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIAÂ’s primary monthly natural gas consumption survey reflects billing data that does not strictly coincide with the actual calendar month, which creates an aggregate-level discrepancy with EIAÂ’s other natural gas supply and disposition data series. This discrepancy is especially observable during the fall and spring as one transitions into and out of the winter heating season. The report also outlines improved data collection and estimation procedures that will be implemented later this year to more closely align reported and actual calendar month consumption. This discussion will be helpful to users of EIAÂ’s volumetric natural gas data. Questions about this report should be directed to Andy Hoegh at andrew.hoegh@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-9502.

436

Trends in Information Management at Department of Energy Headquarters  

SciTech Connect

The Trends in Information Resource Management at DOE Headquarters (Trends) is published annually to inform the DOE Headquarters community about changes in the information management environment. The document, in its second year of publication, is becoming more robust as more historical data is available and as the information management environment at Headquarters evolves. One of the purposes of the Trends document is to acquire evidence that Headquarters organizations are assimilating guidance offered in the Emerging Technologies Planning Guide into their IRM strategies. Another purpose is to identify areas of interest and requirements of the Headquarters organizations to direct technology research for future issues of the Guide. These categories have been tentatively established as indicators of the degree of implementation of information management. The main source of data is the Headquarters Organization Plans, which were updated during the long-range update cycle conducted from August to January. Since these plans were published, the Secretary has announced a reorganization of DOE. For the purpose of this document, the information in the various plans is considered to be valid to accomplish the Departmental missions.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Recent Summer Rainfall Increase and Surface Cooling over Northern Australia since the Late 1970s: A Response to Warming in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall over northern Australia (NA) in austral summer is the largest water source of Australia. Previous studies have suggested a strong zonal-dipole trend pattern in austral summer rainfall since 1950, with rainfall increasing in northwest ...

Xiao-Feng Li; Jingjing Yu; Yun Li

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 percent warmer than normal. Other Market Trends: EIA Releases An Updated Mexico Country Analysis Brief: The Energy Information Administration (EIA) on January 3, 2007, published...

439

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Title Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 46 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has gathered price data on 81 U.S. wind turbine transactions totaling 23,850 MW announced from 1997 through early 2011. Figure ES-1 depicts these reported wind turbine transaction prices (along with the associated trend line), broken out by the size of the transaction (in MW). Figure ES-1 also presents average (global) turbine prices reported by Vestas for the years 2005 through 2010, as well as a range of reported pricing (among various turbine manufacturers) for transactions signed in 2010 and so far in 2011 (with 2011 prices generally lower than 2010 prices). After hitting a low of roughly $750/kW from 2000 to 2002, average wind turbine prices doubled through 2008, rising to an average of roughly $1,500/kW. Wind turbine prices have since declined substantially, with price quotes for transactions executed in 2010 and to date in 2011 ranging from $900-$1,400/kW depending on the manufacturer and turbine model. For example, turbines designed for lower wind speed sites - deploying higher hub heights and larger rotor diameters for a given nameplate capacity - are priced at the higher end of this range. These quotes suggest price declines of as much as 33% or more since late 2008, with an average decline closer to perhaps 20% for orders announced in 2010 (as opposed to in 2011, which has seen further price declines). These two substantial and opposing wind turbine price trends over the past decade - and particularly the doubling in prices in the 2002-2008 period - run counter to the smooth, gradually declining technology cost trajectories that are often assumed by energy analysts modeling the diffusion of new technologies, including wind power. Understanding and explaining this notable discrepancy between theory and historical reality is the primary motivation for this work. Taking a bottom-up approach, this report examines seven primary drivers of wind turbine prices in the United States, with the goal of estimating the degree to which each contributed to the doubling in turbine prices from 2002 through 2008, as well as the subsequent decline in prices through 2010 (our analysis does not extend into 2011 because several of these drivers are best gauged on a full-year basis due to seasonality issues).

440

U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends Information on the U.S. Energy Service Company and its...

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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441

Effects of Temperature and Precipitation Variability on Snowpack Trends in the Western United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies have shown substantial declines in snow water equivalent (SWE) over much of the western United States in the last half century, as well as trends toward earlier spring snowmelt and peak spring streamflows. These trends are ...

Alan F. Hamlet; Philip W. Mote; Martyn P. Clark; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Web Science 2.0: Identifying Trends through Semantic Social Network Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a novel set of social network analysis based algorithms for mining the Web, blogs, and online forums to identify trends and find the people launching these new trends. These algorithms have been implemented ...

Gloor, Peter A.

443

Is the Upper Ocean Warming? Comparisons of 50-Year Trends from Different Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is great interest in World Ocean temperature trends, yet the historical global ocean database has very uneven coverage in space and time. Previous work on 50-yr upper ocean temperature trends from the NOAA ocean data archive is extended ...

Mark Carson; D. E. Harrison

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Trend Detection in Regional-Mean Temperature Series: Maximum, Minimum, Mean, Diurnal Range, and SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional climate trends are of interest both for understanding natural climate processes and as tests of anthropogenic climate change signatures. Relative to global trends, however, their detection is hampered by smaller datasets and the ...

Xiaogu Zheng; Reid E. Basher; Craig S. Thompson

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Influence of Changes in Cloud Cover on Recent Surface Temperature Trends in the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented to assess the influence of changes in Arctic cloud cover on the surface temperature trend, allowing for a more robust diagnosis of causes for surface warming or cooling. Seasonal trends in satellite-derived Arctic surface ...

Yinghui Liu; Jeffrey R. Key; Xuanji Wang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Application and Comparison of Robust Linear Regression Methods for Trend Estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, robust parametric regression methods are applied to temperature and precipitation time series in Switzerland and the trend results are compared with trends from classical least squares (LS) regression and nonparametric approaches. ...

Andreas Muhlbauer; Peter Spichtinger; Ulrike Lohmann

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Nonlinear Trends, Long-Range Dependence, and Climate Noise Properties of Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the significance of trends of four temperature time series—Central England Temperature (CET), Stockholm, Faraday-Vernadsky, and Alert. First the robustness and accuracy of various trend detection methods are examined: ...

Christian Franzke

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Warming Break Trends and Fractional Integration in the Northern, Southern, and Global Temperature Anomaly Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the estimation of time trends in temperature anomaly series. However, instead of imposing that the estimated residuals from the time trends are covariance stationary processes with spectral density that is positive and ...

Luis A. Gil-Alana

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Trends in Extreme Temperatures in Relation to Urbanization in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The long-term trends in extreme summer season temperatures across the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area (TCMA) associated with urbanization are examined. To assess trends in extreme temperature data, maximum and minimum temperatures from 1975 to 2002 ...

Shouraseni Sen Roy; Fei Yuan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Multidecadal Trends in Instrumental SST and Coral Proxy Sr/Ca Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historical ship observations of sea surface temperature (SST) from 1850 to present were used to compute linear 40-yr trends for all 5° latitude by 5° longitude grid cells with sufficient data. Trends from throughout the twentieth century were ...

Robert B. Scott; Christina L. Holland; Terrence M. Quinn

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc...

452

Trends in Precipitation Extremes in the Zhujiang River Basin, South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal characteristics of precipitation trends in the Zhujiang River basin, South China, are analyzed. Nonparametric trend tests are applied to daily precipitation data from 192 weather stations between 1961 and 2007 for the ...

Marco Gemmer; Thomas Fischer; Tong Jiang; Buda Su; Lü Liu Liu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Trends in Total Precipitation and Frequency of Daily Precipitation Extremes over China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on a newly developed daily precipitation dataset of 740 stations in China and more robust trend detection techniques, trends in annual and seasonal total precipitation and in extreme daily precipitation, defined as those larger than its ...

Panmao Zhai; Xuebin Zhang; Hui Wan; Xiaohua Pan

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Ryan Wiser. 2009. “Wind Power Price Trends in the UnitedCarbon Trust. 2008. Offshore wind power: big challenge, bigAndrew. 2008. “Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. , and

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A Shift in Western Tropical Pacific Sea Level Trends during the 1990s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Ocean sea surface height trends from satellite altimeter observations for 1993–2009 are examined in the context of longer tide gauge records and wind stress patterns. The dominant regional trends are high rates in the western tropical ...

Mark A. Merrifield

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Assessing U.S. ESCO industry performance and market trends: Results from the NAESCO database project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry and market trends in the energy-efficiency servicestrends, market activity and business practices of companies involved in energy-trend likely understates the shift away from performance-contracting arrangements in the energy efficiency services market

Osborn, Julie; Goldman, Chuck; Hopper, Nicole; Singer, Terry

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Review of U.S. ESCO industry market trends: An empirical analysis of project data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sector energy efficiency services industry and market trendsof US ESCO Industry Market Trends site energy basis (1 kWh =suspect that energy Review of US ESCO Industry Market Trends

Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Osborn, Julie G.; Singer, Terry E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incremental costs of achieving 20% wind energy are projectedKeywords: Wind energy, renewable energy, cost trends,

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

NIST Budget Request Proposes 7.3 Percent Increase in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... teams as needed to exploit rapidly changing innovation trends. ... Advanced Solar Technologies - Third Generation Photovoltaics (+$5 million); ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

460

Water Quality Trends in the Entiat River Subbasin: Final 2008 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ISEMP program monitors the status and trend of water quality elements that may affect restoration project effectiveness in the Entiat subbasin. As part of this effort, the PNW Research Station (PNW) measures, analyzes and interprets temporal trends in natural stream water pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity and temperature. The Entiat River is currently on the Clean Water Act 303(d) list for pH exceedence, and there is insufficient information to determine the spatial and temporal extent or potential causes of this exceedence. In the spring 2008, PNW redeployed data-logging, multiparameter probes at four locations in the Entiat subbasin to measure water quality parameters, focusing on pH. This resumed previous data collection that was interrupted by river ice in early December 2007. Instruments were again removed from the river in early December 2008. This annual report covers the period from December 2007 through December 2008. The highest pH values occurred during the low-flow period from midsummer through the following midspring then dropped sharply during the annual snowmelt runoff period from late spring through early summer. Water temperature began rapidly increasing during the receding limb of the annual snowmelt hydrograph. Highest mean monthly temperatures occurred in July and August, while instantaneous maxima occurred during the period July-September. Dissolved oxygen reached its lowest levels during the period of highest water temperature in July-September. Specific conductivity remained very low at all sites throughout the year.

Woodsmith, Richard; Bookter, Andy [PNW Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Wenatchee, WA

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Supported by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Supported by Columbia U Comp-X GA INEL JHU-term research plan #12;Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Spherical Torus Offers High Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy NSTX Is to Prove Scientific Principle (PoP) of the Extended

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

462

Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6. 11. Skalle P, Podio AL, Trends extracted from 1,200 GulfGas District 4 – Update and Trends a report by P r e s t o nDistrict 4 – Update and Trends Figure 2: Oil and Gas Fields

Benson, Sally M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Chance discovery and scenario analysis for trend exploration on solar cell technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is essential for managers and stakeholders to well understand the trends of a certain technology so that managers can enhance the performance of a company and stakeholders can make appropriate decisions for investment. Solar cell, one of renewable ... Keywords: chance discovery, knowledge extraction, knowledge retrieval, patent data, patents, scenario analysis, solar cells, technology trends, trend exploration

Tzu-Fu Chiu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

TREnD: a Timely, Reliable, Energy-efficient and Dynamic WSN Protocol for Control Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TREnD: a Timely, Reliable, Energy-efficient and Dynamic WSN Protocol for Control Applications for energy consumption. TREnD is implemented on a test-bed and compared to some existing protocols. In this paper, we develop TREnD1 , an energy-efficient The authors are with the ACCESS Linnaeus Center

465

RANGE INCREASER FOR PNEUMATIC GAUGES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved pneumatic gage is offered in which the linear range has been increased without excessive air consumption. This has been accomplished by providing an expansible antechamber connected to the nozzle of the gage so that the position of the nozzle with respect to the workpiece is varied automatically by variation in pressure within the antechamber. This arrangement ensures that the nozzle-to-workpiece clearance is maintained within certain limits, thus obtaining a linear relation of air flow to nozzle-to-workpiece clearance over a wider range.

Fowler, A.H.; Seaborn, G.B. Jr.

1960-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

466

An Analysis of Loss of Decay Heat Removal and Loss of Inventory Event Trends (1990-2009)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, there has been an observed increase in plant events during shutdown conditions. This has increased interest among the industry and the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission to obtain a better understanding of the data and the trends. This report documents a long-term study of loss of decay heat removal and loss of inventory events during shutdown conditions in the nuclear industry, spanning a 20-year period from 1990 through 2009. The EPRI reports An Analysis of Loss of Decay Heat ...

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

467

Attribution of the Seasonality and Regionality in Climate Trends over the United States during 1950–2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observed climate trends over the United States during 1950–2000 exhibit distinct seasonality and regionality. The surface air temperature exhibits a warming trend during winter, spring, and early summer and a modest countrywide cooling trend ...

Hailan Wang; Siegfried Schubert; Max Suarez; Junye Chen; Martin Hoerling; Arun Kumar; Philip Pegion

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www-4.ibm.com, November 2000. Trends in Energy Managementwww.trane.com www.tridium.com Trends in Energy ManagementReferences Webster, T. L. , "Trends in Energy Management

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States: Struggling to Remain Competitive in the Face of Strong Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Greenhouse: Divergent Trends in Federal, Regional, Statewind cost and pricing trends (see, e.g. , Ibenholt, 2002;Bolinger, Mark. 2008. “Trends in U.S. Wind Power Prices and

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North America: Historical Trends and Policy Implications. ”a customer-weighted time trend that we can compare to athe customer-weighted time trend presented in Section 3. We

Eto, Joseph H.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Rotating control head applications increasing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating control head technology has become an important tool for lowering drilling costs and increasing well productivity, especially in many hard-rock areas and mature oil and gas fields. Lower drilling costs are achieved primarily by the faster penetration rates, reduced nondrilling time, and reduced mud volume requirements associated with underbalanced drilling. Greater well productivity can sometimes be obtained because of reduced formation damage for mud. Recent advances in rotating head technology have increased the range of well conditions to which this technology can be applied. Even though the use of rotating control heads is growing rapidly, this topic has been largely neglected in most well control training programs. Many engineers are not yet familiar with this important emerging technology and some of the modern concepts and practices used. The paper discusses the high-pressure rotating head and its application to gas or air drilling, flow drilling, geothermal drilling, overbalanced drilling and workover operations. The paper also discusses operating guidelines and rig crew training.

Bourgoyne, A.T. Jr. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

472

TRENDS '90: A compendium of data on global change  

SciTech Connect

This document is a source of frequently used global change data. This first issue includes estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and from the production of cement, historical and modern records of atmospheric CO{sub 2} and methane concentrations, and several long-term temperature records. Included are tabular and graphical presentations of the data, discussions of trends in the data, and references to publications that provide further information. Data are presented in a two-page format, each dealing with a different data set. All data are available in digital form from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.); Boden, T.A.; Kanciruk, P.; Farrell, M.P.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 4: Review of Advanced Applications in Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ExcelSyus - Excel Energy Technologies, Ltd. http://pdf Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology Fault Detection and

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2000. Trends in Energy Management TechnologyInc. Siemens Building Technologies Inc. Teletrol Systems,Trends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/NTDP Technical

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: August 27, 4: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

476

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: August 24, 5: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

477

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: June 18, 2012 2: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on AddThis.com... Fact #732: June 18, 2012

478

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: June 27, 2005 8: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

479

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: August 18, 2: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

480

U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc 0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands September 28, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands PLATFORM: Control Manager - 3.0, 3.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0 ABSTRACT: Trend Micro has been notified of a potential product vulnerability in Control Manager. reference LINKS: Trend Micro Technical Support ID 1061043 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027584 Secunia Advisory SA50760 CVE-2012-2998 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability has been reported in Trend Micro Control Manager, which can

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trends 4-percent increase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends-  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 Energy Demand Figure 33. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2030 (index, 1980 = 1). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 34. Primary energy use by fuel, 2005-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases Through 2030 The future path of U.S. energy demand will depend on trends in population, economic growth, energy prices, and technology adoption. AEO2007 cases developed to illustrate the uncertainties associated with those factors include low and high economic growth cases, low and high price cases, and

482

CO/sub 2/ trends in the depletion of the Larderello vapor-dominated reservoir  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present paper is concerned with the origin of CO/sub 2/ in the Larderello discharges from a reservoir engineering point of view. Specifically, we consider the question of fluid reserves (water and CO/sub 2/) at Larderello, and we carry out numerical simulations to obtain insight into temporal trends of CO/sub 2/ released from idealized models of vapor-dominated systems. Important constraints in the modeling arise from observed temperatures and enthalpies at Larderello. Discharge enthalpies are generally close to those of saturated steam near 250/sup 0/C (2.8 MJ/kg), with some degree of superheat which tends to increase with time. Flow rates of most wells decrease rapidly during the first few years of production and subsequently decline very slowly.

Pruess, K.; Celati, R.; Calore, C.; D'Amore, F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Historical trends in tank 241-SY-101 waste temperatures and levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gas release and fluctuating level of the waste in tank 241-SY-101 have prompted more detailed interest in its historical behavior, in hopes of achieving a better understanding of its current status. To examine the historical behavior, essentially all of the tank waste temperature and level data record has been retrieved, examined, and plotted in various ways. To aid in interpreting the data, the depth of the non-convective waste layer was estimated by using a least-squares Chebyshev approximation to the temperatures. This report documents the retrieval critical examination, and graphic presentation of 241-SY-101 temperature and waste level histories. The graphic presentations clearly indicate a tank cooling trend that has become precipitous since late 1991. The plots also clearly show the decreasing frequency of waste gas release events, increasing height of the non-convective layer, and larger level drops per event.

Antoniak, Z.I.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Data Center Energy Consumption Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Energy Consumption Trends Data Center Energy Consumption Trends October 8, 2013 - 10:09am Addthis Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

485

TRENDS 1991: A compendium of data on global change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is a source of frequently used global-change data. This second issue of the Trends series expands the coverage of sites recording atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and methane (CH{sub 4}), and it updates records reported in the first issue. New data for other trace atmospheric gases have been included in this issue; historical data on nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}) from ice cores, modern records of atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11 and CFC-12) and N{sub 2}O, and estimates of global estimates of CFC-11 and CFC-12. The estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, the production of cement, and gas flaring have been revised and updated. Regional CO{sub 2} emission estimates have been added, and long-term temperature records have been updated and expanded. Data records are presented in four- to six-page formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables and graphs; discussion of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data; and references to literature that provides further information. All data appearing in the document are available on digital media from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Current Trends in Gamma Radiation Detection for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies. In recent years, since the establishment of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office by the Department of Homeland Security, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in detection materials (scintillators, semiconductors), imaging techniques (Compton imaging, use of active masking and hybrid imaging), data acquisition systems with digital signal processing, field programmable gate arrays and embedded isotopic analysis software (viz. gamma detector response and analysis software [GADRAS]1), fast template matching, and data fusion (merging radiological data with geo-referenced maps, digital imagery to provide better situational awareness). In this stride to progress, a significant amount of interdisciplinary research and development has taken place–techniques and spin-offs from medical science (such as x-ray radiography and tomography), materials engineering (systematic planned studies on scintillators to optimize several qualities of a good scintillator, nanoparticle applications, quantum dots, and photonic crystals, just to name a few). No trend analysis of radiation detection systems would be complete without mentioning the unprecedented strategic position taken by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime transportation–the so-called second line of defense.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Trends in emissions of acidifying species in Asia, 1985-1997.  

SciTech Connect

Acid deposition is a serious problem throughout much of Asia. Emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) have been increasing steadily, as nations strive to increase their levels of economic development. Coal and fuel oil have been the main choices for powering industrial development; and, until recently, only a few countries (notably Japan and Taiwan) had taken significant steps to avert the atmospheric emissions that accompany fuel combustion. This paper discusses trends in emissions of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} that have occurred in Asian countries in the period 1985--1997, using results from the RAINS-ASIA computer model and energy-use trends from the IEA Energy Statistics and Balances database. Emissions of SO{sub 2} in Asia grew from 26.6 Tg in 1985 to 33.7 Tg in 1990 and to 39.2 Tg in 1997. Though SO{sub 2} emissions used to grow as fast as fossil-fuel use, recent limitations on the sulfur content of coal and oil have slowed the growth. The annual-average emissions growth between 1990 and 1997 was only 1.1%, considerably less than the economic growth rate. Emissions of NO{sub x}, on the other hand, continue to grow rapidly, from 14.1 Tg in 1985 to 18.7 Tg in 1990 and 28.5 Tg in 1997, with no signs of abating. Thus, though SO{sub 2} remains the major contributor to acidifying emissions in Asia, the role of NO{sub x}, will become more and more important in the future.

Streets, D. G.; Tsai, N. Y.; Akimoto, H.; Oka, K.

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This page left blank. This page left blank. E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices

489

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the...

Lacroix, Denis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

LBNL-5268E An Examination of Temporal Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

68E 68E An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities Joseph H. Eto, Kristina Hamachi LaCommare, Peter Larsen, Annika Todd, and Emily Fisher January 2012 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or

491

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Simulation of the Lattice QCD and Technological Trends in Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Lattice QCD is a challenging computational problem. Currently, technological trends in computation show multiple divergent models of computation. We are witnessing homogeneous multi-core architectures, the use of accelerator on-chip or off-chip, in addition to the traditional architectural models. On the verge of this technological abundance, assessing the performance trade-offs of computing nodes based on these technologies is of crucial importance to many scientific computing applications. In this study, we focus on assessing the efficiency and the performance expected for the Lattice QCD problem on representative architectures and we project the expected improvement on these architectures and their impact on performance for Lattice QCD. We additionally try to pinpoint the limiting factors for performance on these architectures.

K. Ibrahim; J. Jaeger; Z. Liu; L. N. Pouchet; P. Lesnicki; L. Djoudi; D. Barthou; F. Bodin; C. Eisenbeis; G. Grosdidier; O. Pene; P. Roudeau

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

493

Computing trends using graphic processor in high energy physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main challenges in Heavy Energy Physics is to make fast analysis of high amount of experimental and simulated data. At LHC-CERN one p-p event is approximate 1 Mb in size. The time taken to analyze the data and obtain fast results depends on high computational power. The main advantage of using GPU(Graphic Processor Unit) programming over traditional CPU one is that graphical cards bring a lot of computing power at a very low price. Today a huge number of application(scientific, financial etc) began to be ported or developed for GPU, including Monte Carlo tools or data analysis tools for High Energy Physics. In this paper, we'll present current status and trends in HEP using GPU.

Niculescu, Mihai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Computing trends using graphic processor in high energy physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main challenges in Heavy Energy Physics is to make fast analysis of high amount of experimental and simulated data. At LHC-CERN one p-p event is approximate 1 Mb in size. The time taken to analyze the data and obtain fast results depends on high computational power. The main advantage of using GPU(Graphic Processor Unit) programming over traditional CPU one is that graphical cards bring a lot of computing power at a very low price. Today a huge number of application(scientific, financial etc) began to be ported or developed for GPU, including Monte Carlo tools or data analysis tools for High Energy Physics. In this paper, we'll present current status and trends in HEP using GPU.

Mihai Niculescu; Sorin-Ion Zgura

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

495

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV <1 MW), large-scale PV projects (PV greater than or equal to 1 MW), and concentrated solar power projects as reported in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Detection of trend changes in time series using Bayesian inference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change points in time series are perceived as isolated singularities where two regular trends of a given signal do not match. The detection of such transitions is of fundamental interest for the understanding of the system's internal dynamics. In practice observational noise makes it difficult to detect such change points in time series. In this work we elaborate a Bayesian method to estimate the location of the singularities and to produce some confidence intervals. We validate the ability and sensitivity of our inference method by estimating change points of synthetic data sets. As an application we use our algorithm to analyze the annual flow volume of the Nile River at Aswan from 1871 to 1970, where we confirm a well-established significant transition point within the time series.

Schütz, Nadine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices B and C of this report.

498

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Communications Speaker(s): Jonathan Koomey Date: November 14, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier Long-standing trends in the energy efficiency of computing promise an explosion in data collected from mobile sensors, controls, and portable computing devices. This talk will describe the research that revealed those efficiency trends and the implications of those trends for our ability to understand and respond to the world around us. The talk will also summarize work in progress characterizing related trends in mobile communications, sensors, batteries, and energy harvesting. A recording of this talk will be available on the UCB Energy and Resources

499

U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit 3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks September 19, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks PLATFORM: 7.1-Build_Win32_1394; possibly other versions ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security. reference LINKS: US CERT Vulnerability Note VU#471364 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027544 CVE-2012-2995 CVE-2012-2996 Micro Trend IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Several scripts do not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input

500

Microsoft Word - Workforce Trends Report to Congress_090706_FINAL.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2006 August 2006 A REPORT TO THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1101 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 WORKFORCE TRENDS IN THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY U.S. Department of Energy Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry iii SEC. 1101. WORKFORCE TRENDS AND TRAINEESHIP GRANTS *** (b) WORKFORCE TRENDS. - (1) MONITORING. - The Secretary, in consultation with, and using data collected by, the Secretary of Labor, shall monitor trends in the workforce of- (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries; and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. (2) REPORT ON TRENDS. - Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a