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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a...

2

Development Opportunity Zone Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Development Opportunity Zone Credits incent new and expanding businesses in the Cities of Beloit, Janesville and Kenosha by providing non-refundable tax credits to assist with the creation and...

3

Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cities, counties, or several contiguous counties in Oregon can set up Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones. The zone can only cover territory outside of the urban growth boundary of any large...

4

Integrating Markov Chain Models and L-systems to Simulate the Architectural Development of Apple Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Markov Chain Models and L-systems to Simulate the Architectural Development of Apple the architectural development of apple trees is presented. The approach is based on using an L-systems framework. Results show that these models are able to represent the branching zones observed in apple trees at node

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

5

CHRONIC IRRADIATION OF SCOTS PINE TREES (PINUS SYLVESTRIS) IN THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE: DOSIMETRY AND RADIOBIOLOGICAL EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To identify effects of chronic internal and external radiation exposure for components of terrestrial ecosystems, a comprehensive study of Scots pine trees in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone was performed. The experimental plan included over 1,100 young trees (up to 20 years old) selected from areas with varying levels of radioactive contamination. These pine trees were planted after the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident mainly to prevent radionuclide resuspension and soil erosion. For each tree, the major morphological parameters and radioactive contamination values were identified. Cytological analyses were performed for selected trees representing all dose rate ranges. A specially developed dosimetric model capable of taking into account radiation from the incorporated radionuclides in the trees was developed for the apical meristem. The calculated dose rates for the trees in the study varied within three orders of magnitude, from close to background values in the control area (about 5 mGy y{sup -1}) to approximately 7 Gy y{sup -1} in the Red Forest area located in the immediate vicinity of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant site. Dose rate/effect relationships for morphological changes and cytogenetic defects were identified and correlations for radiation effects occurring on the morphological and cellular level were established.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

TREE vol. 15, no. 11 November 2000 0169-5347/00/$ see front matter 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. 469 Bimodal hybrid zones and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. All rights reserved. 469 Bimodal hybrid zones and the scale of a snail In their recent TREE perspective, Jiggins and Mallet discussed the intriguing distinction between unimodal hybrid zones (where the hybrid zone is made up largely of recombinant genotypes) and bimodal zones (where recombinants form

Wenseleers, Tom

7

Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Commerce The Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act provides funding for local units of government to match local tax revenue dedicated to support a project located in an enterprise zone. No more than

8

China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Low Carbon Development Zones China-Low Carbon Development Zones Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Low Carbon Development Zones Agency/Company /Organization Third Generation Environmentalism (E3G) Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References Low Carbon Development Zones in China[1] Overview "Building on the successful work of the Interdependencies on Energy and Climate Security for China and Europe project, this 18 month project with E3G, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Chinese Energy Research Institute (ERI), will focus on four key areas - low carbon zones;

9

Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone Abstract This study reviews the geothermal resources associatedwith the Kilauea East Rift Zone (KERZ) of Hawaii islandby focusing on a holistic development strategy for additionalgeothermal production. A review of existing literature inthe fields of geology, drilling, power production and policychallenges, highlights critical issues for geothermalenterprises. A geological assessment of the hydrology,geochemistry, and structural features that characterize theregion is discussed. Available data are interpreted includinggeology, geochemistry, well depth and temperature.

10

Hydrogeologic Controls on Bioactive Zone Development in Biostimulated Aquifers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Faculty of the Graduate School of The University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 2012 _____________________________ Dr. J.F. Devlin, Chair... that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: Hydrogeologic Controls on Bioactive Zone Development in Biostimulated Aquifers _____________________________ Dr. J.F. Devlin, Chair...

Schillig, Peter Curtis

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

Simulation of Apple Tree Development Using Mixed Statistical and Biomechanical Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of Apple Tree Development Using Mixed Statistical and Biomechanical Models Colin Smith1 that characterises the architecture of an apple tree over time. As indicated previously [9, 3, 4], the simulation dynamics in a developmental context, we have created an L-system simulation of a developing apple tree

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Below Canopy Meteorological Measurements at Three Florida Sites with Varying Tree Cover and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for preserving trees within recently constructed developments, as well as the potential impact of tree planting programs. To address this question, temperature measurements were made over a one year period at three Melbourne, Florida sites. The results showed a...

Sonne, J. K.; Vieira, R. K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Development of the INEEL Site Wide Vadose Zone Roadmap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INEEL Vadose Zone Roadmap was developed to identify inadquacies in current knowledge, to assist in contaminant management capabilities relative to the INEEL vadose zone, and to ensure that ongoing and planned Science and Technology developments will meet the risk management challenges facing the INEEL in coming years. The primary objective of the Roadmap is to determine the S&T needs that will facilitate monitoring, characterization, prediction, and assessment activities necessary to support INEEL risk management decisions and to ensure that long-term stewardship of contaminated sites at the INEEL is achieved. The mission of the Roadmap is to insure that the long-term S&T strategy is aligned with site programs, that it takes advantage of progress made to date, and that it can assist in meeting the milestones and budgets of operations.

Yonk, Alan Keith

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Current vegetation characteristics within tree-kill zones of F- and H-Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vegetation of two wetland areas previously adversely affected by outcropping groundwater was characterized to evaluate the type and extent of revegetation. When the damage first became evident in the late 1970s and early 1980s the areas were examined and described to try to establish the cause of the extensive tree mortality. The F- and H-Area seepage basins above the wetland areas received waste products from the separation areas beginning in 1955. The operation, estimated loading, and current status of the basins were summarized by Killian et al. Analysis of soil and water at the affected seeplines where the tree-kill was occurring confirmed that the surface water was strongly influenced by constituents of the F- and H-Area seepage basins. While no single cause of the forest mortality was defined, alterations in the hydrology and siltation patterns, pH changes, increased conductivity, and increased levels of sodium, nitrogen compounds, and aluminum were believed to be interacting to cause the mortality.

Nelson, E.A.; Irwin, J.E.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

E-Print Network 3.0 - active zone development Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Information Sciences 2 Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No. Summary: and developed recommendations for improvements of urban arterial work zone traffic...

16

E3G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Development Zones in China Agency/Company /Organization Third Generation Environmentalism (E3G) Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References Low Carbon Development Zones in China[1] Overview "Building on the successful work of the Interdependencies on Energy and Climate Security for China and Europe project, this 18 month project with E3G, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Chinese Energy Research Institute (ERI), will focus on four key areas - low carbon zones;

17

A Review of the Initiating Event Fault Tree Development and Usage at the ENS Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the experience in developing and using the initiating event fault trees (IEFTs) in the base and EOOS Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) models at the Entergy Nuclear South (ENS) sites. Simple fault tree models can be developed and linked to the master fault tree in order to provide a better estimate of plant-specific initiating event frequencies. If developed considering certain aspects, there can be significant advantages to using IEFT methodology for some initiators, especially in the plant EOOS models. The most important advantage is to have EOOS re-calculate and use such initiating event frequencies for different alignments taking the components that are out of service into consideration while keeping the quantification time and complexity of the cut-sets at an acceptable level. The important steps for developing the IEFTs, some insights gained through the experience at the ENS sites, and the advantages of using IEFTs will be discussed in this paper. (authors)

Yilmaz, Fatma; Bedell, Loys [Entergy Nuclear South (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Development of source functions for modeling dissolution of residual DNAPL fingers in the saturated zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF SOURCE FUNCTIONS FOR MODELING DISSOLUTION OF RESIDUAL DNAPL FINGERS IN THE SATURATED ZONE A Thesis by BRIAN SCOTT JOHNSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Geology DEVELOPMENT OF SOURCE FUNCTIONS FOR MODELING DISSOLUTION OF RESIDUAL DNAPL FINGERS IN THE SATURATED ZONE A Thesis by BRIAN SCOTI' JOHNSON Submitted to Texas Agt...

Johnson, Brian Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

19

DEVELOPMENT OF VADOSE-ZONE HYDRAULIC PARAMETER VALUES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several approaches have been developed to establish a relation between the soil-moisture retention curve and readily available soil properties. Those relationships are referred to as pedotransfer functions. Described in this paper are the rationale, approach, and corroboration for use of a nonparametric pedotransfer function for the estimation of soil hydraulic-parameter values at the yucca Mountain area in Nevada for simulations of net infiltration. This approach, shown to be applicable for use at Yucca Mountain, is also applicable for use at the Hanford Site where the underlying data were collected.

ROGERS PM

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

20

Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone in India  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone in India Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone in India Speaker(s): Jagadeesh Taluri Kushboo Modgil Date: June 3, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 LBNL is collaborating with Metro Valley to create the most energy efficient built environment in India. The proposed project is an ITES (Information Technology Enabled Services) Special Economic Zone which is a multi-tenanted campus consisting of work and support spaces for companies involved in research or knowledge processing. The goal of the project reaches beyond an energy efficient built environment for the Knowledge Industry to sustainability in the broadest sense: a sustainable environment, not just from the point of view of energy consumption, but also relative to the people who use it, the organizations that inhabit it,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Development of a Hydrologic Characterization Technology for Fault Zones Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones, Phaseof Characterization Technology for Fault Zones, LBNL-1635E,Characterization on Technology of Fault Zones Phase II

Karasaki, Kenzi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Climate change, tree species distributions and forest dynamics: A case study in the mixed conifer/northern hardwoods zone of northern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three bioclimate variables (growing degree days after budburst, temperature of the coldest month and a moisture index) are used in a model (STASH) to predict potential range limits of north European tree speci...

Martin T. Sykes; I. Colin Prentice

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Development Of Regional Climate Mitigation Baseline For A DominantAgro-Ecological Zone Of Karnataka, India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Setting a baseline for carbon stock changes in forest andland use sector mitigation projects is an essential step for assessingadditionality of the project. There are two approaches for settingbaselines namely, project-specific and regional baseline. This paperpresents the methodology adopted for estimating the land available formitigation, for developing a regional baseline, transaction cost involvedand a comparison of project-specific and regional baseline. The studyshowed that it is possible to estimate the potential land and itssuitability for afforestation and reforestation mitigation projects,using existing maps and data, in the dry zone of Karnataka, southernIndia. The study adopted a three-step approach for developing a regionalbaseline, namely: i) identification of likely baseline options for landuse, ii) estimation of baseline rates of land-use change, and iii)quantification of baseline carbon profile over time. The analysis showedthat carbon stock estimates made for wastelands and fallow lands forproject-specific as well as the regional baseline are comparable. Theratio of wasteland Carbon stocks of a project to regional baseline is1.02, and that of fallow lands in the project to regional baseline is0.97. The cost of conducting field studies for determination of regionalbaseline is about a quarter of the cost of developing a project-specificbaseline on a per hectare basis. The study has shown the reliability,feasibility and cost-effectiveness of adopting regional baseline forforestry sectormitigation projects.

Sudha, P.; Shubhashree, D.; Khan, H.; Hedge, G.T.; Murthy, I.K.; Shreedhara, V.; Ravindranath, N.H.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Biofuels development in Maine: Using trees to oil the wheels of sustainability -Maine news, sports, obituaries, weather -Bangor Daily News http://bangordailynews.com/2013/03/12/opinion/biofuels-development-in-maine-using-trees-to-oil-the-wheels-of-sustain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels development in Maine: Using trees to oil the wheels of sustainability - Maine news, sports, obituaries, weather - Bangor Daily News http://bangordailynews.com/2013/03/12/opinion/biofuels-development-in-maine-using-trees-to-oil-the-wheels-of-sustainability/print/[3/13/2013 1:54:43 PM] Biofuels development

Thomas, Andrew

25

Development of UCTE and reconnection of 1 st and 2nd Pan-European synchronous zones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Size and features of European electric power systems, like any other in the world, is subject to changes. The reason is of technical nature - increased work safety, as well as economic - the possibility of electricity trading i.e. increased production ... Keywords: UCTE, executive team for reconnection, reconnection, syncronous zone

Ivica Toljan; Eraldo Banovac; Sejid Tenjak

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Distribution Patterns of Metals Contamination in Sediments Based on Type Regional Development on the Intertidal Coastal Zones of the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was performed to determine the variation of metals concentrations (Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu) in surface sediments based on type region development from ten sites on the intertidal coastal zone of the Persian

Ali Kazemi; Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Probabilistic timed behavior trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Behavior Tree notation has been developed as a method for systematically and traceably capturing user requirements. In this paper we extend the notation with probabilistic behaviour, so that reliability, performance, and other dependability properties ... Keywords: behavior trees, model checking, probabilities, timed automata

Robert Colvin; Lars Grunske; Kirsten Winter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Spatial Analysis of Residential Development and Urban-Rural Zoning in Baltimore County, Maryland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the past half-century, Baltimore County, Maryland has experienced various policy measures that have shaped development patterns. This thesis analyzes three spatially explicit parcel-level models of residential development in Baltimore County...

Griffin, Alexander C.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

Gridling Trees  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gridling Trees Gridling Trees Name: Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I need help!!!! Rabbits gridled three of my new trees last week. I am a first-time tree planter and I had no idea that this would happen and the folks at the nursery hadn't told us that this was a danger. The bark is gone. Is there any way I can save these trees? The trees are about seven feet tall. They are a crabapple, a dogwood, and an Eastern redbud. Is there any such thing as an artificial bark that I can put on them? Thank you for your help. Ellen Replies: Dear Ellen, "How can I save a tree that's been girdled by rabbits this winter? Can it be saved? That depends on several factors. How large is the tree? How much bark is girdled away? Girdling cuts off the tree's transportation system and could kill it. To prevent further damage from rabbits use a cage made of hardware mesh 1/4-inch. Enclose trunk far enough from bark to allow trunk diameter to expand as tree matures, and at least two feet higher than expected snow line. To protect against mice and voles push mesh two inches into the ground. (Protecting Trees and Shrubs Against Winter Damage, MES FO-1411-B.) "

30

Hollow Trees  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hollow Trees Hollow Trees Nature Bulletin No. 335-A March 3, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation George W. Dunne, President HOLLOW TREES You may have heard the expression: "They couldn't see the forest for the trees". There was a time, especially in Germany, when foresters grew trees as farmers grow cabbages: thousands of acres covered with just one kind planted in long rows that were kept free of all seedlings, underbrush, dead or injured trees and everything but perfect specimens. For a while these plantations produced astonishing yields of lumber and the Germans boasted of them as models of "efficiency". The fact that they supported practically no wildlife -- only a few birds, no food for deer, and so forth -- was contemptuously dismissed.

31

Development of a computer-aided fault tree synthesis methodology for quantitative risk analysis in the chemical process industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis in the CPI including Safety Review, Checklist Analysis, Relative Ranking, ?What-if? Analysis, Preliminary Hazard Analysis, Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP), Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Fault Tree Analysis (FTA), Event Tree.... This study is exhausted systematically by applying appropriate guidewords to each process parameter at each ?study node?. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) FMEA is a systematic procedure in which each equipment failure mode is examined...

Wang, Yanjun

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

32

Banana Trees  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Banana Trees Banana Trees Name: Adele Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do Banana trees grow bananas?? I've been asked this question and no-one I know can provide an answer! Bananas do not have seeds in them to reproduce the tree (e.g you can grow a lemon tree from the seeds in the fruit but not a banana tree from a banana) What evolutionary justification is there for a banana tree to bear fruit? Replies: Hi Adele! you are right, one cannot seed a banana tree, still that kind of vegetal is reproduced and grows... As many other plants they have an asexual reproduction, where the new plants are identical in every respect to the parent plant.The asexual reproduction involves no union of cells or nuclei of cells, there are not mingling of genetic traits. Banana plant is a gigantic herb that grows from an under- ground stem ( rhizome),and forms a false trunk with leaves. There emerges a large flower spike, with numerous individual flowers, that bends downward to become fruits. After the plants had fruits, they die and are replaced by others that arise from the underground stem, and that process can keep on going for many years. Right?

33

Tree Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most important concepts of graph theory is that of a tree. Its importance is due to the fact that a tree structure enables the connection of a set of nodes using a minimal number of edges in such a way...

Prof. H. A. Eiselt; Prof. C.-L. Sandblom

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Generic physical protection logic trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Generic physical protection logic trees, designed for application to nuclear facilities and materials, are presented together with a method of qualitative evaluation of the trees for design and analysis of physical protection systems. One or more defense zones are defined where adversaries interact with the physical protection system. Logic trees that are needed to describe the possible scenarios within a defense zone are selected. Elements of a postulated or existing physical protection system are tagged to the primary events of the logic tree. The likelihood of adversary success in overcoming these elements is evaluated on a binary, yes/no basis. The effect of these evaluations is propagated through the logic of each tree to determine whether the adversary is likely to accomplish the end event of the tree. The physical protection system must be highly likely to overcome the adversary before he accomplishes his objective. The evaluation must be conducted for all significant states of the site. Deficiencies uncovered become inputs to redesign and further analysis, closing the loop on the design/analysis cycle.

Paulus, W.K.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Deep Vadose Zone  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Mission of the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative is to protect water resources across the DOE complex over the long-term by developing effective solutions to solve DOEs most...

36

Tree Flowers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Flowers Flowers Nature Bulletin No. 524-A April 6, 1974 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation TREE FLOWERS Many people do not realize that all of our common trees have flowers. Otherwise they could not produce seeds. We are apt to think of flowering trees as being those with showy blossoms -- most of them beautiful and some very fragrant -- such as the redbud, dogwood, buckeye, horse chestnut, black locust, tulip tree or yellow poplar, magnolia, and the fruit trees. However, all of our forest and shade trees have flowers -- of some kind -- which are just as interesting when examined with a strong reading glass. Some are grotesque, some exquisitely designed, some extremely colorful. They offer a new world to be explored and photographed. Some kinds, such as the elms, bloom profusely but the flowers are so small and delicately tinted that they are seldom noticed. Others, such as the poplars, oaks and walnuts, have peculiar flowers in the form of catkins that, without petals or sepals, do not look like flowers at all. The sycamore's tiny flowers are packed, in countless numbers, into a tight round ball that dangles back and forth on a long flexible stem.

37

Urban tree mortality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s estimates of shade tree energy benefits previously assumedsurfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improvereducing building energy use through tree shade during the

Roman, Lara Angelica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Tree Pests  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tree Pests Tree Pests Name: Eric Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have found an odd species of borer infesting the trees in my area. It does not confine itself to any single species, but seems to move from tree to tree, somewhat like a plague. They originated in a stand of Chinese elm (ulmus parvifolia) and then moved to our bur oaks (quercus macrocarpa) and our native version of white ash (fraxinus americana). As these trees are few and far between, the borers have recently moved to the cottonwoods (populus deltoides) which line the creeks. The borers cut a half inch wide hole, usually straight into the trunk. They kick out mounds of sawdust every so often, and attempts to plug thier holes are removed, always during the evening. I recently was forced to destroy some of the elms as they had been completely ransacked by these borers, a cut into the trunks revealed five bore holes within two inches of each other, with 4 more spaced farther away. I did manage to track down one of the borers in the log. It was about 2 inches long, with reddish pink coloring and black "spines" all along it. It had a sickly white underside to it also. I was wondering if you could possibly say what type of borer this is, I suspect some kind of carpenterworm, but the local government offices have been no help. I would like to at least slow these things down in time to save the Ashes and Oaks, some of which are over three-hundred years old, which is virtually unknown in my area. (northwest Kansas) Thanks for your help!

39

Western Renewable Energy Zones (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes recent developments and trends pertaining to competitive renewable energy zones, transmission planning and the integration of renewable generation resources.

Hein, J.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

E-Print Network 3.0 - auroral zones Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

zones encircling the mag- netic poles of the Earth. Particles originating from the solar wind... Using attribute trees to analyse auroral appearance over Canada Mikko T....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Tree Diaries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diaries Diaries Nature Bulletin No. 406-A February 13, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation TREE DIARIES We know a man whose life, as a civil engineer on construction projects, had been spent mostly out-of-doors but he knew very little about the plants and animals he saw. In 1945, after a long severe winter, March was usually warm and sunny. The birds came back north, the wildflowers bloomed, and the trees leafed out much earlier than in any year he could remember. So he spent every morning, from daybreak until time to go to work, walking through a forest preserve near his home, and he kept a diary of everything he saw. He had been doing that every year since 1945. He not only has some very valuable records but, in the meantime, by observing them carefully and studying about them in books, he has come to know more than most people about wildflowers, weeds, trees, birds, insects and other animals, and has had a lot of fun. Phenology, as it is called, can be an absorbing hobby and one of the best teachers. You also learn what an important factor weather is. For instance, there may be a difference of as much as a month in the earliest date of blooming of the skunk cabbage.

42

Trees Water People | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trees Water People Trees Water People Jump to: navigation, search Name Trees, Water & People Place Fort Collins, Colorado Zip 80524 Sector Renewable Energy Product Trees, Water & People develops and manages, on a not-for-profit basis, continuing reforestation, watershed protection, renewable energy, appropriate technology, and environmental education programs in Latin America and the American West. References Trees, Water & People[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Trees, Water & People is a company located in Fort Collins, Colorado . References ↑ "Trees, Water & People" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Trees_Water_People&oldid=352382

43

TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS #12;2 SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS2 #12;SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS 3 CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 SCOTLAND'S FORESTS CHAPTER 2 FORESTS FOR PEOPLE CHAPTER 3 FORESTS SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS #12;4 SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS4 This booklet is written

44

Student Zone  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Student Zone Student Zone Homework Helpers All About Atoms - Learn about the parts of the atom! Virginia State Standards of Learning Practice Tests - Practice taking the SOL tests! Subjects currently include algebra, math, science and technology. Table of Elements - Basic physical and historical information about the elements! [Printable Version] Questions and Answers - Have a question? Need an answer? Check here first! Glossary of Science Terms - Definitions of some of the terms used on this site. Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour - How do scientists explore inside atoms? Video Resources Frostbite Theater - Short science experiments using liquid nitrogen, static electricity and more! Physics Out Loud - Jefferson Lab scientists and other experts explain some of the common words and terms used in nuclear physics research.

45

Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Louisiana Economic Development The Enterprise Zone Program is a jobs incentive program providing Louisiana income and franchise tax credits to businesses hiring at least 35% of net, new jobs from targeted groups. Enterprise Zones (EZs) are areas with high unemployment, low income, or a high percentage of residents receiving some

46

Birch Tree Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tree Capital Tree Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name Birch Tree Capital Place Framingham, Massachusetts Zip 1701 Sector Renewable Energy Product Financial advisory service with a project finance focus that has investor as well a project developer clients. Specialise in renewable power projects generating Federal tax credits and on-site cogeneration projects. References Birch Tree Capital[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Birch Tree Capital is a company located in Framingham, Massachusetts . References ↑ "Birch Tree Capital" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Birch_Tree_Capital&oldid=342882" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

47

The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program provides business tax credits to businesses that invest, develop, expand, and create jobs in identified Border-Cities Enterprise Zones. Companies may be...

48

Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption offers businesses located in such economic development zones a 100 percent sales tax exemption on the purchase of labor and materials to construct or remodel...

49

The aim of this project is to develop an ultrasonic device for parametric imaging of standing trees. The device is designed to perform both transmission and reflection measurements that can be therefore used for quantitative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this project is to develop an ultrasonic device for parametric imaging of standing trees the velocity) and the attenuation of the ultrasonic waves. Tomograms were computed by fast algebraic algorithms the acceleration on circumferen- tial points (accelerometer) with a limited number of sensors. These methods give

Boyer, Edmond

50

Enterprise Zones (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Zones (Iowa) Zones (Iowa) Enterprise Zones (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Enterprise Zone Industry Recruitment/Support Training/Technical Assistance Provider Iowa Economic Development Authority The Enterprise Zones Program is an incentive for business expansion designed to stimulate development by targeting economically distressed areas in Iowa. Through state and local tax incentives, businesses and developers are encouraged to make new investments, and create or retain

51

Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 07/12/2006 State Michigan Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount 100% abatement of Michigan Business Tax, state education tax, personal and real property taxes, and local income taxes Provider Michigan Economic Development Corporation In 2006, Michigan enacted legislation allowing for the creation of Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones (RERZ). Renaissance zones -- renewable energy renaissance zones are just one type -- offer significant tax

52

Influence of planting depth on landscape establishment of container-grown trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and productivity (sustainability) of trees within terrestrial ecosystems. Tree planting depth, i.e. location of the root collar relative to soil grade, is of particular concern for tree growth, development, and performance in the landscape. A series of model...

Bryan, Donita Lynn

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Protected trees A guide to tree preservation procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protected trees A guide to tree preservation procedures #12;Protected trees A guide to tree preservation procedures April 2012 Department for Communities and Local Government #12;© Crown copyright, 2012 trees: A guide to tree preservation procedures Introduction This leaflet is written for tree owners

54

Pine Tree Seed Germination  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Seed Germination Pine Tree Seed Germination Name: Debbie Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I live in an area with many pine trees and pine cones. I would like to start seedlings to replace the older trees as I lose them. How do I do it? I have searched the internet for how but have yet to find an anwser. I've examined the pine cones and am at a loss, where are the seeds? I have soft long needle trees with medium pine cones, I have Hemlock trees with small cones and I have very sharp long needle trees with longer, narrow cones. Do the cones have to have already fallen off the tree before using seeds? Thank you!! Replies: Dear Debbie, The following may be helpful: http://www.uidaho.edu/cfwr/forres/nursery/research/research/projects.htm http://www.walden.org/thoreau/writings/seeds/dispersion_01.htm

55

METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS 90SR AND 137CS IN-VIVO MEASUREMENTS OF SMALL ANIMALS AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL MEDIA DEVELOPED FOR THE CONDITIONS OF THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To perform in vivo simultaneous measurements of the {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs content in the bodies of animals living in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ), an appropriate method and equipment were developed and installed in a mobile gamma beta spectrometry laboratory. This technique was designed for animals of relatively small sizes (up to 50 g). The {sup 90}Sr content is measured by a beta spectrometer with a 0.1 mm thick scintillation plastic detector. The spectrum processing takes into account the fact that the measured object is 'thick-layered' and contains a comparable quantity of {sup 137}Cs, which is a characteristic condition of the ChEZ. The {sup 137}Cs content is measured by a NaI scintillation detector that is part of the combined gamma beta spectrometry system. For environmental research performed in the ChEZ, the advantages of this method and equipment (rapid measurements, capability to measure live animals directly in their habitat, and the capability of simultaneous {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs measurements) far outweigh the existing limitations (considerations must be made for background radiation and the animal size, skeletal shape and body mass). The accuracy of these in vivo measurements is shown to be consistent with standard spectrometric and radiochemical methods. Apart from the in vivo measurements, the proposed methodology, after a very simple upgrade that is also described in the article, works even more accurately with samples of other media, such as soil and plants.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Verifying Red-Black Trees Paolo Baldan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verifying Red-Black Trees Paolo Baldan1 , Andrea Corradini2 , Javier Esparza3 , Tobias Heindel3,heindets,koenigba,koziouvi}@fmi.uni-stuttgart.de Abstract. We show how to verify the correctness of insertion of ele- ments into red-black trees--a form of balanced search trees--using anal- ysis techniques developed for graph rewriting. We first model red

Baldan, Paolo

57

Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Georgia) Georgia) Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Enterprise Zone Personal Tax Incentives Property Tax Incentive Provider Georgia Department of Community Affairs The Enterprise Zone Program provides various tax incentives to businesses within designated underdeveloped zones in rural or urban areas. The State Enterprise Zone program intends to improve geographic areas within cities

58

Distributed Contour Trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topological techniques provide robust tools for data analysis. They are used, for example, for feature extraction, for data de-noising, and for comparison of data sets. This chapter concerns contour trees, a topological descriptor that records the connectivity of the isosurfaces of scalar functions. These trees are fundamental to analysis and visualization of physical phenomena modeled by real-valued measurements. We study the parallel analysis of contour trees. After describing a particular representation of a contour tree, called local{global representation, we illustrate how di#11;erent problems that rely on contour trees can be solved in parallel with minimal communication.

Morozov, Dmitriy; Weber, Gunther H.

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Enterprise Zone Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development Enhanced Enterprise Zones aim at attracting new businesses or promoting an expansion of existing business in Missouri Enhanced Enterprise Zone. Tax credits will be an amount authorized by DED, based on the state economic benefit, supported by the number of new jobs, wages and new capital investment that the project will create. To qualify, individual business eligibility will be determined by the zone, based on creation of

60

Coastal Zone Management Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Management Act Zone Management Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Coastal Zone Management Act Year 1972 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description The Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (CZMA; Pub.L. 92-583, 86 Stat. 1280, enacted October 27, 1972, 16 U.S.C. §§ 1451-1464, Chapter 33) is an Act of Congress passed in 1972 to encourage coastal states to develop and implement coastal zone management plans (CZMPs). This act was established as a United States National policy to preserve, protect, develop, and where possible, restore or enhance, the resources of the Nation's coastal zone for this and succeeding generations. References Wikipedia[1] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[2] The U.S. Congress recognized the importance of meeting the challenge of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Christmas Tree Decorations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tree Decorations Tree Decorations Nature Bulletin No. 211-A December 18, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CHRISTMAS TREE DECORATIONS Christmas trees, decorated or "trimmed", apparently were first used in this country during the Revolutionary War by Hessian soldiers who, hired to fight for England, were thinking of the customs in their German homeland. An account of the festivities here at Fort Dearborn, in 1804, mentions a spruce Christmas tree. Some say that a Harvard professor from Germany had one in 1824. There is reliable evidence that there was such a tree in Cambridge, Mass., in 1832; and in Philadelphia two years later. The idea and the tradition spread rapidly through this country.

62

Deciduous Trees in Florida  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Deciduous Trees in Florida Deciduous Trees in Florida Name: Joanne Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Do peach trees loose there leaves in winter in Florida? Replies: Taylor Peach trees are deciduous, so yes, they lose their leaves: http://www.ehow.com/facts_7021010_information-deciduous-fruit-trees-florida.html Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Harvard University Herbaria c/o Missouri Botanical Garden This depends on the latitude. South of Immokalee, peach trees could stay evergreen year-round. However, they also will not bear fruit because a "chilling period" is needed to prime the tree for production in the spring. It simply doesn't get cool enough to pull this physiological trigger. Otherwise, a tree should drop its leaves in preparation for winter dormancy. If the early winter has been unseasonably warm and the trees have not dropped their leaves by mid-December, then a zinc sulfate solution can be applied to artificially induce defoliation.

63

Detection, diagnosis, and treatment of accident conditions using response trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Response Trees were developed at the LOFT facility in 1978 and included in the Plant Operating Manual (POM) to assist reactor operators in selecting emergency procedures. In an emergency situation the operator would manually gather data and evaluate the trees to select the appropriate procedures. As a portion of the LOFT Augmented Operator Capability (AOC) Program, the response tree methodology has been extended so that a computer can be used to evaluate the trees and recommend an appropriate response for an accident. Techniques for diagnosing failures within a cooling mode have also been investigated. This paper summarizes these additions to the response tree methodology.

Nelson, W.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Other Fresnel Zone Antennas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the preceding chapters, theoretical investigations and experiments on a number of Fresnel zone antennas are presented. This chapter is intended to introduce a wider range of Fresnel zone antennas. Section 7...

Y. Jay Guo; Stephen K. Barton

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Enterprise Zone Program (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Enterprise Zone Program provides eligible businesses that relocate or expand to a designated zone with tax incentives such as: 1) an investment tax credit; 2) a job tax credit for each job...

66

Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Ohio's Alternative Energy Zones are made possible through Ohio's Senate Bill 232, which reduced taxes on alternative energy projects. The Alternative Energy Zones are designated on a county-by...

67

Development of embrittlement prediction models for U.S. power reactors and the impact of the heat-affected zone to thermal annealing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NRC Regulatory Guide 1.99 Revision 2 was based on 177 surveillance data points and the EPRI data base, where 76% of 177 data points and 60% of EPRI data base were from Westinghouse`s data. Therefore, other vendors` radiation environment may not be properly characterized by R.G. 1.99`s prediction. To minimize scatter from the influences of the irradiation temperature, neutron energy spectrum, displacement rate, and plant operation procedures on embrittlement models, improved embrittlement models based on group data that have similar radiation environments and reactor design and operation criteria are examined. A total of 653 shift data points from the current FR-EDB, including 397 Westinghouse data, 93 B and W data, 37 CE data, and 106 GE data, are used. A nonlinear least squares fitting FORTRAN program, incorporating a Monte Carlo procedure with 35% and 10% uncertainty assigned to the fluence and shift data, respectively, was written for this study. In order to have the same adjusted fluence value for the weld and plate material in the same capsule, the Monte Carlo least squares fitting procedure has the ability to adjust the fluence values while running the weld and plate formula simultaneously. Six chemical components, namely, copper, nickel, phosphorus, sulfur, manganese, and molybdenum, were considered in the development of the new embrittlement models. The overall percentage of reduction of the 2-sigma margins per delta RTNDT predicted by the new embrittlement models, compared to that of R.G. 1.99, for weld and base materials are 42% and 36%, respectively. Currently, the need for thermal annealing is seriously being considered for several A302B type RPVs. From the macroscopic view point, even if base and weld materials were verified from mechanical tests to be fully recovered, the linking heat affected zone (HAZ) material has not been properly characterized. Thus the final overall recovery will still be unknown. The great data scatter of the HAZ metals may be the result of the metallurgical heterogeneity that exists in the HAZ. The proposed data fitting procedure for the HAZ material is presented in the paper.

Wang, J.A.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Zoning and Permitting Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Zoning and permitting is commonly controlled by local governments and may be applicable to both residential and commercial properties.

69

Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team, UNH Cooperative Extension The explosion of apple blossoms in May transforms the most gnarled old tree into a delicate cloud of beauty (1817-1862) in his essay "The Wild Apple Tree," described the blossoms perfectly: `The flowers

New Hampshire, University of

70

Rooting for Trees: Volunteers to Plant 20 Trees, Mark Tree Campus USA Honor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rooting for Trees: Volunteers to Plant 20 Trees, Mark Tree Campus USA Honor March 22, 2013 Event as a Tree Campus USA, a title granted by the Arbor Day Foundation. This year, the foundation designated the university as a Tree Campus USA for the fifth consecutive year. The event is sponsored by the Campus

Hofmann, Hans A.

71

Implementing Municipal Tree Planting: Los Angeles Million-Tree Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1993) Energy conservation potential of urban tree planting.energy ef?ciency, and other environmental bene?ts associated with the trees

Pincetl, Stephanie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Formalising Behaviour Trees with CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Behaviour Trees is a novel approach for requirements engineering. It advocates a graphical tree notation that is easy to use and to understand. Individual requirements are modelled as single trees which later on ...

Kirsten Winter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management and the Richland Operations Office to develop and fate of deep vadose zone contamination in order to protect our nation's water resources. To that end) Devising means to implement and monitor flux reduction strategies to reduce vadose zone contamination below

74

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

75

Incentive zoning and environmental quality in Boston's Fenway neighborhood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A density bonus, also called incentive zoning, is a conditional liberalization of zoning regulations, allowing a real estate development to exceed as-of-right density limits in exchange for the in-kind provision or purchase ...

DeFlorio, Joshua (Joshua C.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Zone program (Ohio) Zone program (Ohio) The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Enterprise Zone Property Tax Incentive Provider Ohio Development Services Agency The Ohio Enterprise Zone program is an economic development tool administered by municipal and county governments that provides real and personal property tax exemptions to businesses making investments in Ohio. In order to use the Enterprise Zone program, communities petition to the Ohio Department of Development for certification of a geographical zone with a contiguous boundary. Once a zone is certified, communities may enter

77

Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...

78

Seismic imaging of the mantle transition zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we developed a generalized Radon transform of SS precursors for large-scale, high-resolution seismo-stratigraphy of the upper mantle transition zone. The generalized Radon transform (GRT) is based on the ...

Cao, Qin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Graphs, Trees Pebbles, Robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphs, Trees Pebbles, Robots 1 #12;Outline I. Robot Arms. II. Rigid Graphs. III. Characterizations. Applications: (a) Rigid Components. 2 #12;I. Robot arms and the Carpenter's Rule Problem. Can a robot arm

Haas, Ruth

80

Tree Fertilization Soil Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, increase root density, maintain tree health #12;#12;pH ­ effects nutrient availability · Symptoms of high pHTree Fertilization #12;Soil Analysis vs. Foliar Analysis #12;Macronutrients N P K Mg S Ca

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Trees in the winter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trees in the winter Trees in the winter Name: John H Hersey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do some trees in the winter lose their leaves and some are able to keep their leaves? Replies: John, You can view the leaves on a tree as its food manufacturing factory. For some trees, especially those which live in areas which become cold in the winter, the 'factories' do their work during the normal growing season and are forced to 'shut-down' over the winter months. There are many evergreens which hold their foliage all year, simply dropping some of them periodically as they age and become less efficient to be replaced by new needles. Larches in the area where I live are conifers which lose their needles, which is quite rare. You can see that foliage on a tree presents a problem: water loss from a tree is greatest in its foliage. A tree has to 'decide' (and this has occurred over millennia by evolution) whether to hold its foliage or shed it. If it decides to hold the foliage, then it must provide a means of insuring conservation of water, especially in the winter months when dry cold winds remove water which is not easily replace due to liquid water in the environment being frozen. Many plant's adaptation has been the production of a waxy cuticle to 'seal-off' the leaf from the environment and reduce water loss. You can understand that in the northern latitude's winters, sunlight duration and intensity drops, and for some plants the best solution has involved shedding the leaves for the winter, and growing a new set of 'factories' in the spring.

82

Climate Zones Robinson Projection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Zones Africa ´Robinson Projection Copyright 2007. The Trustees of Columbia University University. Population, Landscape, and Climate Estimates (PLACE). Further information available at: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/place/ Publish Date: 03/13/07 0 500 km Climate zones were taken from the Köppen Climate Classification map

Columbia University

83

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Eastern Interconnection States Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation.

84

City of Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations City of Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider City of Sacramento Sacramento City Code, Title 16, Section 16.48.110 ensures that the Director of Parks and Community Services gives consideration to solar access, to the extent feasible, when selecting and planting residential street trees near residential buildings. Sacramento City Code, Title 17, Section 17.220.010 contains a provision requiring the planning commission or zoning administrator to consider

85

Tree transport system  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tree transport system Tree transport system Name: Paul K Harding Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How can trees get that tall? How can the transport of water function that good? Normally one could think that trees can get only 10 m high because then the pressure of the air would be to weak to transport the water and a vacuum would occur. Or do trees use a system of one pump-system after another to solve that problem? Replies: Okay, the answer is two-fold. One, the column of water travelling up the trunk of the tree is only a couple of molecules wide, moving up from cell to cell. You can think of each cell as a "valve" if you will, holding the water and keeping it from flowing down the trunk (unless you WANT it to go that way, in the case of sugar laden water moving to storage areas in the roots) until it can be moved to the next cell up, and so on and so on. The second part involves diffusion. Cells can diffuse certain chemical compounds through their cell walls while simultaneously holding onto others. By having a gradient of increasing chemical concentration as you go up the trunk, you can cause a gradual diffusion of water up the trunk (since water travels relatively freely through the cell walls) and thereby creates and exception to the rule of 10 meters being the maximum height for a column of water -- you've effectively added energy to the system to "pump" water up the trunk.

86

Deep Vadose Zone Field Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HANFORD ADVISORY BOARD, RAP March 6, 2013 Presented by: John Morse DEEP VADOSE ZONE ACTIVITIES Page 2 Deep Vadose Zone Areas Page 3 Deep Vadose Zone Field Activities FY 2014...

87

Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $500 per position Program Info State Virginia Program Type Enterprise Zone Grant Program Provider Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development The Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant provides cash grants to businesses located in Enterprise zones that create permanent new jobs over a four-job threshold. State incentives are available to businesses and zone investors who create jobs and invest in real property within the boundaries of enterprise zones. The positions must pay at least 175 percent of the

88

Queen Anne's County- Solar Zoning  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Queen Anne's County zoning code allows for ground mounted solar arrays in areas zoned as "open space," "agricultural," and "countryside" districts.

89

Generating trees for permutations avoiding generalized patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating trees for permutations avoiding generalized patterns Sergi Elizalde Dartmouth College Permutation Patterns 2006, Reykjavik Permutation Patterns 2006, Reykjavik ­ p.1 #12;Generating trees patterns Generating trees Rightward generating trees Enumeration of permutations avoiding generalized

Elizalde, Sergi

90

Derivation Tree Based Genetic Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Derivation Tree Based Genetic Programming Summary of the Ph.D. Thesis by R´obert V´anyi supervisor presented in the Ph.D. thesis enti- tled Derivation Tree Based Genetic Programming. The thesis describes of the generated candidates. [6] 1.2 Proposed method The method presented in the thesis uses derivation trees

Fernandez, Thomas

91

USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 863 British Columbia's Dangerous Tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 863 British Columbia's Dangerous Tree Guy7 Abstract New dangerous tree assessment guidelines have recently been developed by the Wildlife or dying tree over 3 meters in height." New Workers' Compensation Board Occupational Health and Safety

Standiford, Richard B.

92

Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Algorithm Design Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia #12;Red-Black Tree A red-black tree is a binary search tree, and each node contains one extra field: its color, it can be either black or red of the binary search tree. If a binary search tree satisfies all the following red-black properties, it is a red

Chen, Yangjun

93

Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Status Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies were initiated at the Hanford Site to evaluate the process controlling the transport of fluids in the vadose zone and to develop a reliable database upon which vadose-zone transport models can be calibrated. These models are needed to evaluate contaminant migration through the vadose zone to underlying groundwaters at Hanford. A study site that had previously been extensively characterized using geophysical monitoring techniques was selected in the 200 E Area. Techniques used previously included neutron probe for water content, spectral gamma logging for radionuclide tracers, and gamma scattering for wet bulk density. Building on the characterization efforts of the past 20 years, the site was instrumented to facilitate the comparison of nine vadose-zone characterization methods: advanced tensiometers, neutron probe, electrical resistance tomography (ERT), high-resolution resistivity (HRR), electromagnetic induction imaging (EMI), cross-borehole radar (XBR), and cross-borehole seismic (XBS). Soil coring was used to obtain soil samples for analyzing ionic and isotopic tracers.

Gee, Glendon W.; Ward, Anderson L.

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

94

Permeability characterization of shear zones in the Hickory sandstone member, Riley Formation, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The main objectives of this work are to (1) characterize the geometry and permeability of deformation elements within shear zones; (2) determine permeability anisotropy in shear zones according to fault characteristics and host lithology; and (3) develop... I INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................1 II HICKORY SHEAR ZONES AND DEFORMATION ELEMENTS..............11 2.1 Shear Zones in Hickory Sandstone Member...

Nieto Camargo, Jorge Enrique

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

95

Generating Tensor Representation from Concept Tree in Meaning Based Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a representation that can be stored and compared efficiently on computers. Meaning of objects can be adequately captured in terms of a hierarchical composition structure called concept tree. This thesis describes the design and development...

Panigrahy, Jagannath

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Trees of the Bible  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Bible of the Bible Nature Bulletin No. 676-A April 21, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation TREES OF THE BIBLE The King James Version of the Bible mentions seven flowers, seven vegetables, several spices, and thirty-seven differently named trees. Some -- such as cypress, shittah, ash, and teil -- appear only once. Others -- notably the palm, olive, fig, and cedar -- occur many times. This version was completed in 1611, long before botany became an exact science. Like several others, it was a translation by scholars who were not botanists, had never visited the Holy Land, did not realize that the native plants in that region were far different from plants in northern Europe, and made the mistake of identifying some of those mentioned in the Scriptures with familiar plants in England.

97

Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Schools Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Department of Community and Economic Development The Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program provides tax credits to companies less than eight years old who operate within designated innovation zones. A total pool of $25 million in tax credits is available each year to businesses within these zones. A business can claim a tax credit up to 50% of the increase in gross revenues attributable to

98

Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development Department of Financial Incentives The Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) focuses on the development of areas with high unemployment and poverty levels. The program provides an income tax credit of up to 100% of the Kentucky income tax liability on income generated by or arising out of the project. The approved company may require each qualified statewide employee, as

99

Unsaturated Zone I. Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 2 Unsaturated Zone I. Overview If the Yucca Mountain site is deemed suitable for re of the extent of welding, the tuffs within the UZ at Yucca Mountain are grouped informally into hydrogeologic Yucca Mountain is illustrated in Figure 2-1 on page 14. A. Why UZ Was Chosen Initial studies of Yucca

100

Subduction Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subduction Zone Subduction Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Subduction Zone Dictionary.png Subduction Zone: A tectonic process in which one tectonic plate is forced beneath another and sinks into the mantle as the plates converge Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tectonic Settings List of tectonic settings known to host modern geothermal systems: Extensional Tectonics Subduction Zone Rift Zone Hot Spot Non-Tectonic Strike-Slip A classic cartoon illustrating a typical simplified subduction zone. http://www.columbia.edu/~vjd1/subd_zone_basic.htm Subduction zones occur where one tectonic plate is pulled under another. Most often the subducting plate is oceanic crust and contains many hydrous minerals. As the oceanic plate subducts it dewaters into the mantle,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Aquatic Sciences OVERVIEW Ecology of freshwater shore zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Freshwater shore zones are among the most ecologically valuable parts of the planet, but have been heavily damaged by human activities. Because the management and rehabilitation of freshwater shore zones could be improved by better use of ecological knowledge, we summarize here what is known about their ecological functioning. Shore zones are complexes of habitats that support high biodiversity, which is enhanced by high physical complexity and connectivity. Shore zones dissipate large amounts of physical energy, can receive and process extraordinarily high inputs of autochthonous and allochthonous organic matter, and are sites of intensive nutrient cycling. Interactions between organic matter inputs (including wood), physical energy, and the biota are especially important. In general, the ecological character of shore zone ecosystems is set by inputs of physical energy, geologic (or anthropogenic) structure, the hydrologic regime, nutrient inputs, the biota, and climate. Humans have affected freshwater shore zones by laterally compressing and stabilizing the shore zone, changing hydrologic regimes, shortening and simplifying shorelines, hardening shorelines, tidying shore zones, increasing inputs of physical energy that impinge on shore zones, pollution, recreational activities, resource extraction, introducing alien species, changing climate, and intensive development in the shore zone. Systems to guide management and restoration by quantifying ecological services provided by shore zones and balancing multiple (and sometimes conflicting) values are relatively recent and imperfect. We

D. L. Strayer; S. E. G. Findlay

102

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development Businesses locating in a Maryland Enterprise Zone may be eligible for income tax and real property tax credits in return for job creation and investments. Businesses located in one of two focus areas are also be eligible for personal property tax credits. There are two forms of Enterprise Zone Tax Credits: (1) Ten-year credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property improvements. The credit is

103

Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Accommodation Zone Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone: Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones

104

Life in a Tree Hole  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tree Hole Tree Hole Nature Bulletin No. 581 November 21, 1959 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H Thompson, Senior Naturalist LIFE IN A TREE HOLE A forest is much more than just trees. It includes all of the underbrush, wildflowers and other vegetation that grow beneath these trees; as well as all of its animal life, both large and small. Sunshine, rain, wind, soil, and the leaf litter on the ground are part of it, too. A forest is a community -- a fabric in which the lives of its inhabitants are woven together and into their surroundings by a complex web of interrelations. Tree holes -- together with the birds, mammals and small life which they shelter -- furnish an important binding force in this forest community.

105

Bent Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bent Tree Wind Farm Bent Tree Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Bent Tree Wind Farm Facility Bent Tree Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wisconsin Power and Light Co. Developer Wisconsin Power and Light Co. Location 4 miles North of Albert Lea MN Coordinates 43.78544°, -93.452282° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.78544,"lon":-93.452282,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

106

Pine Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Tree Wind Farm Pine Tree Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Wind Farm Facility Pine Tree Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Developer Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Energy Purchaser Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Location North of Mojave CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Solar Site Screening Decision Tree  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The solar site screening decision tree guides users through a process for screening sites for their suitability for future redevelopment with solar photovoltaic energy. EPA encourages the...

108

Optimal Tree Approximation with Wavelets Richard Baraniuk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simply represented: the energy from a singularity localizes along one branch of the tree (see Figure 1Optimal Tree Approximation with Wavelets Richard Baraniuk Department of Electrical and Computer on trees and point out that an optimal tree approximant exists and is easily computed. The optimal tree

109

Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Zones to Climate Zones to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

110

Rift Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rift Zone Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Rift Zone Dictionary.png Rift Zone: A divergent plate boundary within a continent Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tectonic Settings List of tectonic settings known to host modern geothermal systems: Extensional Tectonics Subduction Zone Rift Zone Hot Spot Non-Tectonic Strike-Slip The Rio Grande Rift exemplifies rift zone tectonics - increased volcanic activity and the formation of graben structures (reference: science-art.com) Rift valleys occur at divergent plate boundaries, resulting in large graben structures and increased volcanism. The East African Rift is an example of a continental rift zone with increased volcanism, while the Atlantic's spreading Mid-Ocean Ridge is host to an enormous amount of geothermal

111

The Enterprise Zone (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Enterprise Zone offers tax incentives to business expanding their workforce by 5% at facilities in designated enterprise zones. The tax credit is equal to 50% of the annual wages paid to a new...

112

Enterprise Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEnterpriseZone&oldid542697"...

113

The Galactic Habitable Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose the concept of a "Galactic Habitable Zone" (GHZ). Similar to the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), the GHZ is that region in a spiral galaxy where life can exist. The width of the GHZ is controlled by two factors. The inner (closest to the center of the galaxy) limit is set by threats to complex life: nearby transient sources of ionizing radiation and comet impacts. Such threats tend to increase close to the galactic center. The outer limit is imposed by galactic chemical evolution, specifically the abundance of heavier elements. Observation of stars in the Milky Way galaxy suggests that the outer reaches of a spiral galaxy may be too poor in heavy elements to allow terrestrial complex life to exist.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

114

Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z #12;Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison with its associated (2,4) tree

Alechina, Natasha

115

The effect of alternative tree representations on tree bank Mark Johnson*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Johnson (1998) The effect of alternative tree representations on tree bank grammars. In D.M.W. Powers (ed

116

Global Tree Optimization: A Nongreedy Decision Tree Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ tional experience is reported. 1 Introduction Global Tree Optimization (GTO) is a new approach between this work and prior decision tree algorithms (e.g. CART [5] and ID3 [10]) is that GTO is non. This process is started at the root and repeated recursively until all or almost all of the points

Varela, Carlos

117

Alberta Health Services, Calgary Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organizational Chart ­ AHS, Calgary Zone, Community, Rural and Mental Health Page 12 Organizational Chart ­ AHS, Calgary Zone, Addiction and Mental Health Page 13 Organizational Chart ­ AHS, Calgary Zone, Clinical specialty care clinics. 3) Increasing efficiency in our specialty clinics. 4) Standardizing care

Habib, Ayman

118

Tree cover changes in-and outside protected areas in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tree cover changes in- and outside protected areas in China Jonas Nüchel1,2, Peder Klith Bøcher1, A Academy of Sciences, China; 4Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin, USA. Introduction: China. The large area also means that China has a diverse landscape and covers several climatic zones, resulting

Schierup, Mikkel Heide

119

ORIGINAL PAPER Drought-tolerance of an invasive alien tree, Acacia mearnsii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Drought-tolerance of an invasive alien tree, Acacia mearnsii and two native+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Invasive alien plants (IAPs) have success- fully invaded many riparian zones. Keywords Invasive alien plant Á Water potential Á Carbon isotope Á Restoration Á Streamflow Á Xylem

120

Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Loan Program Provider New York Business Development Corporation Business that do not meet the requirements for standard financing, but are in need of capital, may qualify for NYBDC's Statewide Empire Zone

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlantic coastal zone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the United States 12; Rip currents generated in the surf zone Coastal... of the global rise in sea level and inappropriate development in the coastal zone, coastal erosion is...

122

Liquid zone seal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A seal assembly that provides a means for establishing multiple pressure zones within a system. The seal assembly combines a plate extending from the inner wall of a housing or inner enclosure that intersects with and is immersed in the fluid contained in a well formed in a tray contained within the enclosure. The fluid is a low vapor pressure oil, chemically inert and oxidation resistant. The use of a fluid as the sealing component provides a seal that is self-healing and mechanically robust not subject to normal mechanical wear, breakage, and formation of cracks or pinholes and decouples external mechanical vibrations from internal structural members.

Klebanoff, Leonard E. (Dublin, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

GRR/Section 17-MT-d - Streamside Management Zone Law | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d - Streamside Management Zone Law d - Streamside Management Zone Law < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 17-MT-d - Streamside Management Zone Law 17MTDStreamsideManagementZoneLawProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 17MTDStreamsideManagementZoneLawProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Any landowner or operator conducting a series of commercial forest practices that will access, harvest, or regenerate trees on a defined land

124

Investigating the Influence of Geometrical Traits on Light Interception Efficiency of Apple Trees: a Modelling Study with MAppleT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigating the Influence of Geometrical Traits on Light Interception Efficiency of Apple Trees-structural plant model that has been built for simulating architectural development of apple trees. It has depends on geometrical traits. The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of apple trees

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

Tree leaves in the winter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tree leaves in the winter Tree leaves in the winter Name: ethel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do leaves fall off of some trees in the winter? Replies: An interesting question, Ethel. Biologists generally try to explain behavior in terms of a response or adaptation to an environmental challenge. The challenge in this example is thought to be snowfall. The idea is that a massive accumulation of snow in a large tree canopy would lead to mechanical damage or breakage of tree limbs or the trunk. Most deciduous trees (those that lose leaves in fall) have broad flat leaves that catch snow quite well. The advantage of this type of leaf is that they also catch the sunlight well in the summer growing season, allowing efficient photosynthesis to support rapid summer growth. The leaves are not needed in the winter because cold temperatures inhibit the enzymes of photosynthesis and prevent significant growth. Another interesting question is how evergreen trees have adapted to similar environmental challenges using a different strategy. Ask me a about it if you are interested.

126

Displacement and segment linkage in fracture zones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fault zones and vein arrays are composed of overstepping and linked segments, so knowledge of segment evolution is crucial in understanding the development of zones. Displacement-distance profiles of faults and veins are used to study the development of segments and zones. Detailed mapping of normal and strike-slip faults allows comparison of the displacement-distance characteristics of faults both normal and parallel to the displacement vector, i.e. modes III and II propagation respectively. Similarly, vein width variations can be used to study mode I propagation. Displacement varies with distance along fractures, with zero displacement at fracture tips. Steep displacement gradients can occur where faults and extension fractures overstep because of displacement transfer between the segments. This displacement transfer is accommodated by relay and bridge structures. Overstepping fractures may link to form a single fracture with an irregular displacement-distance profile. A linkage point is often marked by a bend with a displacement minimum, where relay/bridge structures are preserved as normal drag. Displacement variations are also caused by fault bends, conjugate relationships and by lithological variations. As interaction between fractures increases, r/d[sub MAX] ratios tend to decrease (where r = the distance between the tip and the point of maximum displacement, and d[sub MAX] = maximum displacement). As a result of the interaction of fracture segments, fracture zones tend to have complex displacement-distance profiles.

Peacock, D.C.P.; Sanderson, D.J. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom). Dept. of Geology)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

"Dangerous" urban trees & community health & safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, safety & climate change · Forest Research project "Climate change and street trees" · Reviews-term threats. Introduction #12;Urban trees, safety & climate change · General concern that urban tree canopy shown in 5 of 8 English regions. Research Problem #12;Urban trees, safety & climate change #12;Urban

128

Trees, rough integration and differential equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the trajectory (x,y). mg (orsay) trees, rough paths, ... 3 / 27 #12;Trees L finite set. Trees labeled by L , TLTrees, rough integration and differential equations Massimiliano Gubinelli Laboratoire de Mathématiques Université Paris-Sud XI mg (orsay) trees, rough paths, ... 1 / 27 #12;Rough paths T. Lyons (Oxford

Gubinelli, Massimiliano

129

Why Sequence the Eukalyptus Tree  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Eucalyptus Tree? the Eucalyptus Tree? The fast-growing, 13-year-old Eucalyptus grandis tree to be sequenced, BRASUZ1. Photo courtesy Dario Grattapaglia, Embrapa. A major challenge for the achievement of a sustainable energy future is our understanding of the molecular basis of superior growth and adaptation in woody plants suitable for biomass production. Eucalyptus species are among the fastest growing woody plants in the world, with mean annual increments up to 100 cubic meter per hectare. Eucalyptus is the most valuable and most widely planted genus of plantation forest trees in the world (ca. 18 million hectares) due to its wide adaptability, extremely fast growth rate, good form, and excellent wood and fiber properties. Eucalyptus is also listed as one of the U.S. Department of Energy's candidate biomass energy

130

Apple Trees for Every Garden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grower Press. Organic Apple Production Manual. Publication #of dwarf and semi-dwarf apple varieties can be seen in theGardener Apple Trees for Every Garden Orin Martin manages

Martin, Orin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Wisconsin) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tax Credits (Wisconsin) Tax Credits (Wisconsin) Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Personal Tax Incentives Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation The purpose for the Enterprise Zone Tax Credits is to incent projects involving major expansion of existing Wisconsin businesses or relocation of major business operations from other states to Wisconsin. Refundable tax

132

Fuel conditioning facility zone-to-zone transfer administrative controls.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The administrative controls associated with transferring containers from one criticality hazard control zone to another in the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Fuel Conditioning Facility (FCF) are described. FCF, located at the ANL-West site near Idaho Falls, Idaho, is used to remotely process spent sodium bonded metallic fuel for disposition. The process involves nearly forty widely varying material forms and types, over fifty specific use container types, and over thirty distinct zones where work activities occur. During 1999, over five thousand transfers from one zone to another were conducted. Limits are placed on mass, material form and type, and container types for each zone. Ml material and containers are tracked using the Mass Tracking System (MTG). The MTG uses an Oracle database and numerous applications to manage the database. The database stores information specific to the process, including material composition and mass, container identification number and mass, transfer history, and the operators involved in each transfer. The process is controlled using written procedures which specify the zone, containers, and material involved in a task. Transferring a container from one zone to another is called a zone-to-zone transfer (ZZT). ZZTs consist of four distinct phases, select, request, identify, and completion.

Pope, C. L.

2000-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

133

Page 2 of 4 TREE Cookies Etc. Trees & Air-continued  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Page 2 of 4 TREE Cookies Etc. Trees & Air- continued pollutants include ozone, sulfur dioxide of trees on air pollution. The research on trees and air pollution is rather new and still ongoing, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide. These are taken out of the air by trees primarily through leaf

Liskiewicz, Maciej

134

Deficiencies in Vadose Zone Understanding at the INEEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Subsurface contamination in the vadose zone, that portion of the subsurface pathway between land surface and an underlying aquifer, poses environmental problems at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) in eastern Idaho and across the U.S. Department of Energy complex. Assessing potential adverse impacts from these contaminated sites requires an understanding of the mechanisms controlling contaminant transport. Currently, vadose zone experts at the INEEL cannot with confidence predict the movement of water and contaminants in the complex, heterogeneous, fractured subsurface at the INEEL, especially within the vadose zone. In the draft version (Revision 1) of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, deficiencies in scientific understanding of flow and transport processes in the vadose zone at the INEEL were identified and grouped into 13 categories and recommendations were provided to address each of the deficiencies. The draft document provided the basis for an INEEL Vadose Zone Workshop that was conducted October 20 and 21, 1999, in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The workshop was conducted to group and rank the previously identified deficiencies and for the subsequent development of science plans to address the deficiencies that limit reliable predictions of water and contaminant movement in the subsurface. The workshop participants, comprising INEEL and scientists and project managers and non-INEEL scientists knowledgeable about the vadose zone, developed science- and technology-based recommendations derived through a series of technical sessions at the workshop. In this document, the final version of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, the draft document has been incorporated, largely intact, as well as the results from the workshop. The workshop participants grouped the deficiencies in vadose zone understanding at the INEEL into seven categories. These seven categories will be the focus areas of five science plans that are being developed to address the deficiencies. This document lays the foundation for the INEEL Site-wide vadose zone roadmap.

Wood, Thomas Ronald; Bates, Dona Louise; Bishop, Carolyn Wagoner; Heard, Robert Eugene; Hubbell, Joel Michael; Hull, Laurence Charles; Lehman, Richard Michael; Magnuson, Swen O; Mattson, Earl Douglas; Mccarthy, James Michael; Porro, Indrek; Ritter, Paul David; Roddy, Michael Scott; Singler, Robert Edward; Smith, Richard Paul

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Site-Scale Saturated Zone Flow Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model report is to document the components of the site-scale saturated-zone flow model at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, in accordance with administrative procedure (AP)-SIII.lOQ, ''Models''. This report provides validation and confidence in the flow model that was developed for site recommendation (SR) and will be used to provide flow fields in support of the Total Systems Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the License Application. The output from this report provides the flow model used in the ''Site-Scale Saturated Zone Transport'', MDL-NBS-HS-000010 Rev 01 (BSC 2003 [162419]). The Site-Scale Saturated Zone Transport model then provides output to the SZ Transport Abstraction Model (BSC 2003 [164870]). In particular, the output from the SZ site-scale flow model is used to simulate the groundwater flow pathways and radionuclide transport to the accessible environment for use in the TSPA calculations. Since the development and calibration of the saturated-zone flow model, more data have been gathered for use in model validation and confidence building, including new water-level data from Nye County wells, single- and multiple-well hydraulic testing data, and new hydrochemistry data. In addition, a new hydrogeologic framework model (HFM), which incorporates Nye County wells lithology, also provides geologic data for corroboration and confidence in the flow model. The intended use of this work is to provide a flow model that generates flow fields to simulate radionuclide transport in saturated porous rock and alluvium under natural or forced gradient flow conditions. The flow model simulations are completed using the three-dimensional (3-D), finite-element, flow, heat, and transport computer code, FEHM Version (V) 2.20 (software tracking number (STN): 10086-2.20-00; LANL 2003 [161725]). Concurrently, process-level transport model and methodology for calculating radionuclide transport in the saturated zone at Yucca Mountain using FEHM V 2.20 are being carried out in the model report, ''Site-Scale Saturated Zone Transport'', MDL-NBS-HS-000010 Rev 01 (BSC 2003 [162419]). The velocity fields are calculated by the flow model, described herein, independent of the transport processes, and are then used as inputs to the transport model. Justification for this abstraction is presented in the model report, ''Saturated Zone Flow and Transport Model Abstraction'', MDL-NBS-HS-000021 (BSC 2003 [164870]).

G. Zyvoloski

2003-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Office of the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development The Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives to businesses in certain District neighborhoods: Employee Tax Credits--up to $3000 for each full-time employee; Work Opportunity Credits--up to $2400 for each employee from targeted demographic groups; Welfare to Work Credits--up to $3500 and $5000 for the first and second years employment,

137

Fluid Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Fluid Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A fence-diagram for the Coso geothermal reservoir is developed from Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) analyses. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry in well cuttings collected at 20 ft intervals is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. The working hypothesis is that select gaseous species and species ratios indicate areas of groundwater and reservoir fluid flow, fluid processes and reservoir seals. Boiling and condensate zones are distinguished. Permeable zones are indicated by a large change in

138

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Enterprise Zone New Jersey's Urban Enterprise (UEZ) Program operates under the Department of Community Affairs. The UEZ Program exists to foster an economic climate that revitalizes designated urban communities and stimulates their growth by encouraging businesses to develop and create private sector jobs through public and private investment. Applicant businesses must be registered, located in one of the designated zones, be in tax compliance with the state, and certified by the Program.

139

A global typology of cities : classification tree analysis of urban resource consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study was carried out to develop a typology of urban metabolic (or resource consumption) profiles for 155 globally representative cities. Classification tree analysis was used to develop a model for determining how certain ...

Saldivar-Sali, Artessa Niccola D., 1980-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Red-black Trees To know what a red-black tree is (10.1).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

809 CHAPTER 10 Red-black Trees Objectives · To know what a red-black tree is (§10.1). · To convert a red-black tree to a 2-4 tree and vice versa (§10.2). · To design the RBTree class that extends the BinaryTree class (§10.3). · To insert an element in a red-black tree and resolve the double red problem

Liang, Y. Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Summary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From FY 2000 through FY 2003, a series of vadose zone transport field experiments were conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energys Groundwater/Vadose Zone Integration Project Science and Technology Project, now known as the Remediation and Closure Science Project, and managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The series of experiments included two major field campaigns, one at a 299-E24-11 injection test site near PUREX and a second at a clastic dike site off Army Loop Road. The goals of these experiments were to improve our understanding of vadose zone transport processes; to develop data sets to validate and calibrate vadose zone flow and transport models; and to identify advanced monitoring techniques useful for evaluating flow-and-transport mechanisms and delineating contaminant plumes in the vadose zone at the Hanford Site. This report summarizes the key findings from the field studies and demonstrates how data collected from these studies are being used to improve conceptual models and develop numerical models of flow and transport in Hanfords vadose zone. Results of these tests have led to a better understanding of the vadose zone. Fine-scale geologic heterogeneities, including grain fabric and lamination, were observed to have a strong effect on the large-scale behavior of contaminant plumes, primarily through increased lateral spreading resulting from anisotropy. Conceptual models have been updated to include lateral spreading and numerical models of unsaturated flow and transport have revised accordingly. A new robust model based on the concept of a connectivity tensor was developed to describe saturation-dependent anisotropy in strongly heterogeneous soils and has been incorporated into PNNLs Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases (STOMP) simulator. Application to field-scale transport problems have led to a better understanding plume behavior at a number of sites where lateral spreading may have dominated waste migration (e.g. BC Cribs and Trenches). The improved models have been also coupled with inverse models and newly-developed parameter scaling techniques to allow estimation of field-scale and effective transport parameters for the vadose zone. The development and utility of pedotransfer functions for describing fine-scale hydrogeochemical heterogeneity and for incorporating this heterogeneity into reactive transport models was explored. An approach based on grain-size statistics appears feasible and has been used to describe heterogeneity in hydraulic properties and sorption properties, such as the cation exchange capacity and the specific surface area of Hanford sediments. This work has also led to the development of inverse modeling capabilities for time-dependent, subsurface, reactive transport with transient flow fields using an automated optimization algorithm. In addition, a number of geophysical techniques investigated for their potential to provide detailed information on the subtle changes in lithology and bedding surfaces; plume delineation, leak detection. High-resolution resistivity is now being used for detecting saline plumes at several waste sites at Hanford, including tank farms. Results from the field studies and associated analysis have appeared in more than 46 publications generated over the past 4 years. These publications include test plans and status reports, in addition to numerous technical notes and peer reviewed papers.

Ward, Andy L.; Conrad, Mark E.; Daily, William D.; Fink, James B.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Gee, Glendon W.; Hoversten, Gary M.; Keller, Jason M.; Majer, Ernest L.; Murray, Christopher J.; White, Mark D.; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Zhang, Z. F.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

ORIGINAL PAPER Estimation of tree biomass, carbon pool and net primary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Estimation of tree biomass, carbon pool and net primary production of an old Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract & Background The data on carbon pool and biomass distribution in north-eastern India, using biomass equations developed from 40 harvested trees between 9 and 63 cm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

144

A Cross-Layer Design for Decentralized Detection in Tree Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sensors is developed. For tree networks, energy-efficient routing for signal detectioA Cross-Layer Design for Decentralized Detection in Tree Sensor Networks Ashraf Tantawy, Xenofon Koutsoukos, and Gautam Biswas Institute for Software Integrated Systems (ISIS) Department of Electrical

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

145

Classification of melanoma using tree structured wavelet Sachin V. Patwardhan a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method of developing tree structures utilizing the maximum channel energy criteria with a fixed energyClassification of melanoma using tree structured wavelet transforms Sachin V. Patwardhan a , Atam P. Dhawan a, *, Patricia A. Relue b a Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, New Jersey

Relue, Patricia

146

Graduate student opportunity in remote sensing of tree mortality at the University of Idaho.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graduate student opportunity in remote sensing of tree mortality at the University of Idaho. Funding is available immediately for an M.S. or Ph.D. student to study forest die-offs related to climate change using remote sensing. Project objectives include developing methods for mapping tree mortality

Hicke, Jeffrey A.

147

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States. The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy. DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 More Documents & Publications Senior DOE Official to Deliver Remarks at Western Governors' Association Renewable Energy Zones Initiative Launch Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Statement of Patricia Hoffman Acting Assistant Secretary for Electricity

148

Climate Zones | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Buildings » Building America » Climate Zones Residential Buildings » Building America » Climate Zones Climate Zones Building America determines building practices based on climate zones to achieve the most energy savings in a home. This page offers some general guidelines on the definitions of the various climate regions based on heating degree-days, average temperatures, and precipitation. You can also view the Guide to Determining Climate Regions by County. Hot-Humid A hot-humid climate is generally defined as a region that receives more than 20 in. (50 cm) of annual precipitation and where one or both of the following occur: A 67°F (19.5°C) or higher wet bulb temperature for 3,000 or more hours during the warmest 6 consecutive months of the year; or A 73°F (23°C) or higher wet bulb temperature for 1,500 or more

149

The problem of vertical zoning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...deposits, genesis sheet silicates silicates talc United States Vermont Vertical zoning GeoRef, Copyright 2012, American Geosciences...levelgivingasmuchas29ouncesofgold per ton." Similar descriptionsof the Yankee Girl and other minesin the districtconvincinglydemonstrateverticalchangesin...

Charles Frederick Park

150

Unsaturated Zone Hydrology Jasper Vrugt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CEE 271 Unsaturated Zone Hydrology Instructor Jasper Vrugt Engineering Tower #834E / #536 (LAB) Tel.: 505-231-2698 jasper @uci.edu Office Hours: By Appointment Lecture, 1 hour; discussion, 20 minutes: ICS

Vrugt, Jasper A.

151

A Master Plan for Sustainable Tourism Development Koh Lanta Yai, Krabi Province  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainable development Direct development zoning, construction practices, building standards, best management practices incentives, Green

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Wetlands and Riparian Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Riparian Zones Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWetlandsandRiparianZones&oldid612217" Category: NEPA Resources...

153

Optimal Decision Trees Kristin P. Bennett \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of all the decisions in the tree concurrently. Using Global Tree Optimization (GTO), we can optimize. Decisions are constructed recursively for each of the regions. This process is repeated until the points

Varela, Carlos

154

Cultural Values of Trees, Woods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research into the importance of the cultural values of trees, woods and forests for sustainable forest managers have to take account of cultural values as one of the central themes of Sustainable Forest and taking them into account as part of the processes of planning and decisionmaking. Cultural values

155

Logistic Model Trees + Niels Landwehr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logistic Model Trees + Niels Landwehr Institute for Computer Science, University of Freiburg for classification problems, using logistic regression instead of linear regression. We use a stagewise fitting process to construct the logistic regression models that can select relevant attributes in the data

Frank, Eibe

156

Logistic Model Trees Niels Landwehr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logistic Model Trees Niels Landwehr Institute for Computer Science, University of Freiburg for classification problems, using logistic regression instead of linear regression. We use a stagewise fitting process to construct the logistic regression models that can select relevant attributes in the data

Frank, Eibe

157

Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees Diane Relf, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia for any landscape plan. They set the stage for the entire home grounds design. The type used. Many will live and enhance the landscape for 100 or more years if they are given a chance. Because

Liskiewicz, Maciej

158

On Trees as Equivalent Cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1993 research-article On Trees as Equivalent Cables R. R. Whitehead J. R. Rosenberg By means...reduced to an equivalent, possibly non-uniform cable. Under certain conditions the equivalent cable has disjoint sections of which only one communicates...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Accident Fault Trees for Defense Waste Processing Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document fault tree analyses which have been completed for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) safety analysis. Logic models for equipment failures and human error combinations that could lead to flammable gas explosions in various process tanks, or failure of critical support systems were developed for internal initiating events and for earthquakes. These fault trees provide frequency estimates for support systems failures and accidents that could lead to radioactive and hazardous chemical releases both on-site and off-site. Top event frequency results from these fault trees will be used in further APET analyses to calculate accident risk associated with DWPF facility operations. This report lists and explains important underlying assumptions, provides references for failure data sources, and briefly describes the fault tree method used. Specific commitments from DWPF to provide new procedural/administrative controls or system design changes are listed in the ''Facility Commitments'' section. The purpose of the ''Assumptions'' section is to clarify the basis for fault tree modeling, and is not necessarily a list of items required to be protected by Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs).

Sarrack, A.G.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

160

Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are applied to young trees at improper rates. Above normal rainfall, soil pH, and the amount of soil organicFNR-217-W Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center North Central Research Station USDA and Management Injury in Hardwood Tree Plantations John Seifert, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree Someday make a journey through the rain Through sodden streets in darkening December A journey to the magic apple tree. And journey also, darkling, through your past Journey records. You glimpsed it once within the garden wall, The image of an ancient apple tree, The fall

Robertson, Stephen

162

Category:ASHRAE Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE Climate Zones ASHRAE Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search Climate Zones defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standards. Pages in category "ASHRAE Climate Zones" The following 30 pages are in this category, out of 30 total. C Climate Zone 1A Climate Zone 1B Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2B Climate Zone 3A Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3C Climate Zone 4A Climate Zone 4B Climate Zone 4C C cont. Climate Zone 5A Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5C Climate Zone 6A Climate Zone 6B Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Climate Zone Number 1 C cont. Climate Zone Number 2 Climate Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Number 5 Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Number 8 Climate Zone Subtype A Climate Zone Subtype B Climate Zone Subtype C Retrieved from

163

Red-Black Trees 11/26/2007 11:09 AM Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red-Black Trees 11/26/2007 11:09 AM 1 Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison

Alechina, Natasha

164

Red-Black Trees 11/11/2004 10:02 AM Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red-Black Trees 11/11/2004 10:02 AM 1 Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison

Alechina, Natasha

165

Innovation and Success in Planning and Zoning  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document summarizes several successful initiatives to implement solar-friendly planes and zoning codes.

166

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith, Jason McKenna (2003) Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of

167

Energy Zone Planning Tool for the Eastern United States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Zone Planning Tool Energy Zone Planning Tool Federal program considering nine clean energy technologies for planning clean energy zones in the eastern United States Argonne's EVS Division and Decision and Information Sciences Division are providing technical support to the Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) for an Energy Zones study. The EISPC study includes nine types of energy resources to be considered for development of clean energy generation facilities in the U.S. portion of the Eastern Interconnection (see map below). These types are (1) biomass, (2) clean coal technologies with carbon capture and sequestration, (3) geothermal, (4) natural gas, (5) nuclear, (6) solar (photovoltaic and concentrated solar thermal, as well as rooftop photovoltaic solar), (7)

168

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geographic Information System Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard

169

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available May 3, 2013 - 12:08pm Addthis The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation. The EZ Mapping Tool is now available online. EISPC is encouraging states to learn more by participating in demonstration webinars and training sessions on how to apply the tool to their needs and particular areas of interest.

170

Plane Tree Capital LLP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plane Tree Capital LLP Plane Tree Capital LLP Jump to: navigation, search Name Plane Tree Capital LLP Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1J 8DY Sector Carbon Product London-based investment management firm established in to provide investors with well managed exposure to the clean energy and carbon sectors. References Plane Tree Capital LLP[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Plane Tree Capital LLP is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Plane Tree Capital LLP" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Plane_Tree_Capital_LLP&oldid=349778" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

171

Parallel Hough Transform for image processing on a Mesh of Trees architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Mesh of Trees parallel computer and also a low memory usage. The developed algorithms were simulated on a cube parallel computer. The results were analyzed and compared to those of other parallel computer models....

Cao, Yang

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Services » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation. The EZ Mapping Tool is now available online. EISPC is encouraging states to learn more by participating in demonstration webinars and training sessions

173

Fault tree synthesis for software design analysis of PLC based safety-critical systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a software verification and validation should be performed for the development of PLC based safety-critical systems, a software safety analysis is also considered in line with entire software life cycle. In this paper, we propose a technique of software safety analysis in the design phase. Among various software hazard analysis techniques, fault tree analysis is most widely used for the safety analysis of nuclear power plant systems. Fault tree analysis also has the most intuitive notation and makes both qualitative and quantitative analyses possible. To analyze the design phase more effectively, we propose a technique of fault tree synthesis, along with a universal fault tree template for the architecture modules of nuclear software. Consequently, we can analyze the safety of software on the basis of fault tree synthesis. (authors)

Koo, S. R.; Cho, C. H. [Corporate R and D Inst., Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co., Ltd., 39-3, Seongbok-Dong, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 449-795 (Korea, Republic of); Seong, P. H. [Dept. of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, 373-3 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Refueling Simulation Strategy of a CANDU Reactor Based on Optimum Zone Controller Water Levels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optimum refueling simulation method was developed for application to a Canada deuterium uranium 713-MW(electric) (CANDU-6) reactor. The objective of the optimization was to maintain the operating range of the zone controller unit (ZCU) water level so that the reference zone power distribution is reproduced following the refueling operation. The zone controller level on the refueling operation was estimated by the generalized perturbation method, which provides sensitivities of the zone power to an individual refueling operation and the zone controller level. By constructing a system equation of the zone power, the zone controller level was obtained, which was used to find the most suitable combination of the refueling channels. The 250-full-power-day refueling simulations showed that the channel and bundle powers are well controlled below the license limits when the ZCU water level remains in the typical operating range.

Choi, Hangbok; Kim, Do Heon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chapter 4 - Production Technology for Bioenergy Crops and Trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New technologies for producing energy crops and trees based on fundamental studies have been developed to improve self-sufficiency in food and feed supplies in addition to achieving sustainable natural resources. Energy crops and trees with improved leaf growth, light interception of crop canopy, photosynthetic rate, lodging resistance, and saccharification efficiency of lignocellulose, among many other traits, need to be explored. DNA marker-assisted selection using genome information has been developed as a powerful tool for breeding new bioenergy crops and trees. In this chapter, the concept and basic technologies for producing biomass from herbaceous energy crops and trees, ecophysiological characteristics for high yield and biomass production, genetic analyses of the traits responsible for biomass production, and molecular breeding for improving these traits are discussed. The definitions of herbaceous energy crops for the first and second generations, agronomy and breeding technology for these crops are explained. Recent studies on woody cell wall formation and genetic improvements associated with biomass saccharification in energy crops and woods are introduced.

Tadashi Hirasawa; Taiichiro Ookawa; Shinya Kawai; Ryo Funada; Shinya Kajita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

SATURATED ZONE IN-SITU TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this scientific analysis is to document the results and interpretations of field experiments that test and validate conceptual flow and radionuclide transport models in the saturated zone (SZ) near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The test interpretations provide estimates of flow and transport parameters used in the development of parameter distributions for total system performance assessment (TSPA) calculations. These parameter distributions are documented in ''Site-Scale Saturated Zone Flow Model (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170037]), Site-Scale Saturated Zone Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170036]), Saturated Zone Colloid Transport (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170006]), and ''Saturated Zone Flow and Transport Model Abstraction'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170042]). Specifically, this scientific analysis contributes the following to the assessment of the capability of the SZ to serve as part of a natural barrier for waste isolation for the Yucca Mountain repository system: (1) The bases for selection of conceptual flow and transport models in the saturated volcanics and the saturated alluvium located near Yucca Mountain. (2) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated fractured volcanics at the C-wells complex near Yucca Mountain. The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, anisotropy in hydraulic conductivity, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, matrix diffusion coefficients, fracture apertures, and colloid transport parameters. (3) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated alluvium at the Alluvial Testing Complex (ATC) located at the southwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, and colloid transport parameters. (4) Comparisons of sorption parameter estimates for a reactive solute tracer (lithium ion) derived from the C-wells field tracer tests and laboratory tests using C-wells core samples. (5) Sorption parameter estimates for lithium ion derived from laboratory tests using alluvium samples from ATC well NC-EWDP-19D. These estimates will allow a comparison of laboratory- and field-derived sorption parameters to be made in saturated alluvium if cross-hole tracer tests are conducted at the ATC.

P.W. REIMUS

2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

177

Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alabama) Alabama) Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs The Enterprise Zone Program provides certain tax incentives to corporations, partnerships and proprietorships that locate or expand within designated Enterprise Zones. In addition to state-level tax incentives, businesses may also receive local tax and non-tax incentives for locating or expanding within a designated Enterprise Zone. Section 5 of the Alabama Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives: Credit based

178

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Forest Service Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Forestry Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.fs.fed.us/ccrc/topics/urban-forests/ctcc/ Cost: Free Language: English References: CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator[1] Overview "The CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator is the only tool approved by the Climate Action Reserve's Urban Forest Project Protocol for quantifying carbon dioxide sequestration from GHG tree planting projects. The CTCC is programmed in an Excel spreadsheet and provides carbon-related information

179

Rotation-based model trees for classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structurally, a model tree is a regression method that takes the form of a decision tree with linear regression functions instead of terminal class values at its leaves. In this study, model trees were coupled with a rotation-based ensemble for solving classification problems. In order to apply this regression technique to classification problems, we considered the conditional class probability function and sought a model-tree approximation to it. During classification, the class whose model tree generated the greatest approximated probability value was chosen as the predicted class. We performed a comparison with other well-known ensembles of decision trees on standard benchmark data sets, and the performance of the proposed technique was greater in most cases.

S.B. Kotsiantis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Connection of the Panama fracture zone with the Galapagos rift zone, eastern tropical Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic data recently collected in the eastern tropical Pacific confirm that the Galapagos rift zone is connected to the Panama fracture zone by a short north-south...

Paul J. Grim

1970-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Unsaturated Zone and Saturated Zone Transport Properties (U0100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) summarizes transport properties for the lower unsaturated zone hydrogeologic units and the saturated zone at Yucca Mountain and provides a summary of data from the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test (UZTT). The purpose of this report is to summarize the sorption and transport knowledge relevant to flow and transport in the units below Yucca Mountain and to provide backup documentation for the sorption parameters decided upon for each rock type. Because of the complexity of processes such as sorption, and because of the lack of direct data for many conditions that may be relevant for Yucca Mountain, data from systems outside of Yucca Mountain are also included. The data reported in this AMR will be used in Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) calculations and as general scientific support for various Process Model Reports (PMRs) requiring knowledge of the transport properties of different materials. This report provides, but is not limited to, sorption coefficients and other relevant thermodynamic and transport properties for the radioisotopes of concern, especially neptunium (Np), plutonium (Pu), Uranium (U), technetium (Tc), iodine (I), and selenium (Se). The unsaturated-zone (UZ) transport properties in the vitric Calico Hills (CHv) are discussed, as are colloidal transport data based on the Busted Butte UZTT, the saturated tuff, and alluvium. These values were determined through expert elicitation, direct measurements, and data analysis. The transport parameters include information on interactions of the fractures and matrix. In addition, core matrix permeability data from the Busted Butte UZTT are summarized by both percent alteration and dispersion.

J. Conca

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

182

Optimized Uncertainty Quantification Algorithm Within a Dynamic Event Tree Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for developing Phenomenological Identification and Ranking Tables (PIRT) for nuclear power plants have been a useful tool in providing insight into modelling aspects that are important to safety. These methods have involved expert knowledge with regards to reactor plant transients and thermal-hydraulic codes to identify are of highest importance. Quantified PIRT provides for rigorous method for quantifying the phenomena that can have the greatest impact. The transients that are evaluated and the timing of those events are typically developed in collaboration with the Probabilistic Risk Analysis. Though quite effective in evaluating risk, traditional PRA methods lack the capability to evaluate complex dynamic systems where end states may vary as a function of transition time from physical state to physical state . Dynamic PRA (DPRA) methods provide a more rigorous analysis of complex dynamic systems. A limitation of DPRA is its potential for state or combinatorial explosion that grows as a function of the number of components; as well as, the sampling of transition times from state-to-state of the entire system. This paper presents a method for performing QPIRT within a dynamic event tree framework such that timing events which result in the highest probabilities of failure are captured and a QPIRT is performed simultaneously while performing a discrete dynamic event tree evaluation. The resulting simulation results in a formal QPIRT for each end state. The use of dynamic event trees results in state explosion as the number of possible component states increases. This paper utilizes a branch and bound algorithm to optimize the solution of the dynamic event trees. The paper summarizes the methods used to implement the branch-and-bound algorithm in solving the discrete dynamic event trees.

J. W. Nielsen; Akira Tokuhiro; Robert Hiromoto

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Internship at Trees, Inc., Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

winds rip through buildings and knock over trees, hurling heavy objects that easily break electric lines. Rain-soaked, mushy ground may fail to support trees or electric poles, which may fall, stretching and snapping electric wires. Therefore, Trees..., Inc. has several brands, are typified by the diesel- powered chipper with four or five very heavy knives screw'ed into a ponderous drum that has tremendous kinetic energy while rotating. The knives are set with their length parallel to the axis...

Swearington, Mary Caroll

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

An analytic solution for a fault tree with circular logics in which the systems are linearly interrelated  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A circular logic or a logical loop is defined as the infinite circulation of supporting relations due to their mutual dependencies among the systems in the fault tree analysis. While many methods to break the circular logic have been developed and used in the fault tree quantification codes, the general solution for a circular logic is not generally known as yet. This paper presents an analytic solution for circular logics in which the systems are linearly interrelated with each other. To formulate the analytic solution, the relations among systems in the fault tree structure are described by the Boolean equations. The solution is, then, obtained from the successive substitutions of the Boolean equations, which is equivalent to the attaching processes of interrelated system's fault tree to a given fault tree. The solution for three interrelated systems and their independent fault tree structures are given as an example.

Ho-Gon Lim; Seung-Cheol Jang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Exploring syntactic structural features for sub-tree alignment using bilingual tree kernels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose Bilingual Tree Kernels (BTKs) to capture the structural similarities across a pair of syntactic translational equivalences and apply BTKs to sub-tree alignment along with some plain features. Our study reveals that the structural features ...

Jun Sun; Min Zhang; Chew Lim Tan

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Facility Pine Tree Extension Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Developer Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Energy Purchaser Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Location North of Mojave CA Coordinates 35.076651°, -118.255291° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.076651,"lon":-118.255291,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

187

Controlling Tree Squirrels in Urban Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

difficulties. Squirrels usually gain entrance to attics and other structures from the roof, espe- cially if tree limbs overlap the roof line. This problem can be solved by trimming tree limbs back at least 8 to 10 feet from the roof. If this is not possible... difficulties. Squirrels usually gain entrance to attics and other structures from the roof, espe- cially if tree limbs overlap the roof line. This problem can be solved by trimming tree limbs back at least 8 to 10 feet from the roof. If this is not possible...

Texas Wildlife Services

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

188

Big Tree Climate Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Big Tree Climate Fund Place: Boulder, Colorado Zip: 80307 Sector: Carbon Product: Finances clean energy and carbon reduction projects through customers who buy RECs and VERs...

189

Optimization Online - Dynamic Generation of Scenario Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 3, 2014 ... Abstract: We present new algorithms for the dynamic generation of scenario trees for multistage stochastic optimization. The different methods...

G. Ch. Pflug

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

190

Farmland Security Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Farmland Security ZoneLegal Abstract California Department of Conservation,...

191

The probability distribution of ranked gene trees on a species tree James H. Degnan a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The probability distribution of ranked gene trees on a species tree James H. Degnan a, , Noah A. Rosenberg b , Tanja Stadler c a Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Private Bag 4800, University and the sequence of coalescences for a random gene tree are considered. We derive the probability distribution

Rosenberg, Noah

192

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees by Kevin T. Smith Look at Tree Decay Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood

193

Systems analysis approach to probabilistic modeling of fault trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of probabilistic modeling of fault tree logic combined with stochastic process theory (Markov modeling) has been developed. Systems are then quantitatively analyzed probabilistically in terms of their failure mechanisms including common cause/common mode effects and time dependent failure and/or repair rate effects that include synergistic and propagational mechanisms. The modeling procedure results in a state vector set of first order, linear, inhomogeneous, differential equations describing the time dependent probabilities of failure described by the fault tree. The solutions of this Failure Mode State Variable (FMSV) model are cumulative probability distribution functions of the system. A method of appropriate synthesis of subsystems to form larger systems is developed and applied to practical nuclear power safety systems.

Bartholomew, R.J.; Qualls, C.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

www.VadoseZoneJournal.org Simula on of Radionuclide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Applica on to Yucca Mountain, Nevada This paper describes the numerical methods developed to simulate at the Yucca Mountain. Regardless of the disposi on of the Yucca Mountain License Applica on, this method has to the water table through the unsaturated zone for the Yucca Mountain system. Abbrevia ons: ADE, advec on

Lu, Zhiming

195

Fast Tree: Computing Large Minimum-Evolution Trees with Profiles instead of a Distance Matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gene families are growing rapidly, but standard methods for inferring phylogenies do not scale to alignments with over 10,000 sequences. We present FastTree, a method for constructing large phylogenies and for estimating their reliability. Instead of storing a distance matrix, FastTree stores sequence profiles of internal nodes in the tree. FastTree uses these profiles to implement neighbor-joining and uses heuristics to quickly identify candidate joins. FastTree then uses nearest-neighbor interchanges to reduce the length of the tree. For an alignment with N sequences, L sites, and a different characters, a distance matrix requires O(N^2) space and O(N^2 L) time, but FastTree requires just O( NLa + N sqrt(N) ) memory and O( N sqrt(N) log(N) L a ) time. To estimate the tree's reliability, FastTree uses local bootstrapping, which gives another 100-fold speedup over a distance matrix. For example, FastTree computed a tree and support values for 158,022 distinct 16S ribosomal RNAs in 17 hours and 2.4 gigabytes of memory. Just computing pairwise Jukes-Cantor distances and storing them, without inferring a tree or bootstrapping, would require 17 hours and 50 gigabytes of memory. In simulations, FastTree was slightly more accurate than neighbor joining, BIONJ, or FastME; on genuine alignments, FastTree's topologies had higher likelihoods. FastTree is available at http://microbesonline.org/fasttree.

N. Price, Morgan; S. Dehal, Paramvir; P. Arkin, Adam

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Property:ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype B + Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A +

197

Property:ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Number | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number Number Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Number" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 3 + Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 2 + Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 4 + Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 4 + Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 3 +

198

Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

NOTICE OF VACANCY Extension Tree Fruit Program Leader  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOTICE OF VACANCY Extension Tree Fruit Program Leader Washington State University Search # 114569 WORKING TITLE: Extension Tree Fruit Program Leader 100% Extension OFFICIAL TITLE: Area Extension Educator State University (WSU) Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center (TFREC), Wenatchee, Washington

Collins, Gary S.

200

Form drag at Three Tree Point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

form drag with bottom pressure sensors #12;Oscillatory dynamics tidal energy converted to internal waves, eddies and mixing no tidally averaged work done on system slack tide: background tilt flood & ebb Puget Sound, WA Point Three Tree Pressure sensors (PPODs) at Three Tree Point (TTP) PPODs #12;PPOD

Warner, Sally

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Formalisation of the integration of behavior trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a formal definition of the integration of the requirements modeling language Behavior Trees (BTs). We first provide the semantic integration of two interrelated BTs using an extended version of Communicating Sequential Processes. ... Keywords: behavior engineering, behavior trees, csp, integration, merge, semantic network model

Kushal Ahmed, M.A. Hakim Newton, Lian Wen, Abdul Sattar

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Radionuclide Transport Model for the Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain Bruce A. Robinson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Radionuclide Transport Model for the Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain Bruce A. Robinson Zhiming model calculations for radionuclide transport in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain. The model developed by the Yucca Mountain Project based on calibrations to site data. The particle-tracking technique

Lu, Zhiming

203

Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration Project Location Information Coordinates 20.63144440367°, -156.37383611407° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":20.63144440367,"lon":-156.37383611407,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

204

Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Overview: Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines Jim Green NREL ASES Small Wind Division Webinar January 17, 2008 2 Zoning Basics * Zoning is one form of land use law * Based on legal principle of "police power:" the power to regulate in order to promote the health, morals, safety, and general welfare of the community * Zoning authority originates from state laws called "zoning enabling legislation" - Standard Zoning Enabling Act, Dept. of Commerce, 1920s * Enabling legislation delegates land use authority to local jurisdictions, "Home Rule" - counties, parishes, boroughs, townships, municipalities, cities, villages, etc. 3 Zoning is Daunting * 3,034 counties (National Association of Counties) * 16,504 townships * 19,429 municipalities (National League of Cities)

205

U.S. Climate Zones Map for Commercial Buildings  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

U.S. Climate Zone U. S. Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS: climate zones map Note:Map updated with corrections, February 2012 Further Explanation on How Climate Zones are Defined...

206

U.S. Climate Zones Map for Commercial Buildings  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Past Climate Zones U. S. Climate Zones for 1979-1999 CBECS: climate zone map Return to Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS Return to CBECS Home Page Note:Map updated with corrections,...

207

Property:Buildings/ModelClimateZone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelClimateZone ModelClimateZone Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Model. The allowed values for this property are: Climate Zone 1A Climate Zone 1B Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2B Climate Zone 3A Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3C Climate Zone 4A Climate Zone 4B Climate Zone 4C Climate Zone 5A Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5C Climate Zone 6A Climate Zone 6B Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelClimateZone" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Climate Zone 5A + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Climate Zone 5A + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Climate Zone 5A +

208

Near-field/altered-zone models report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is studying Yucca Mountain as the possible site for the first underground repository for permanent disposal of spent fuel from commercial nuclear reactors as well as for other types high-level nuclear waste. Emplacement of high-level radioactive waste, especially commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF), in Yucca Mountain will release a large amount of heat into the rock above and below the repository. The heating rate will decrease with time, creating a thermal pulse. Over a period of several thousand years, the rock temperature will rise initially, then drop when the production of decay heat falls below the rate at which heat escapes from the hot zone. Besides raising the rock temperature, much of this heat will vaporize water, which will then condense in cooler regions. The condensate is likely to form a gravity-driven heat pipe above the repository, creating the possibility that water may drain back onto the waste packages (WPs) or that it may ''shed'' through the pillars between emplacement drifts. The long-term importance of these effects has been investigated through the development, testing, and application of thermohydrologic (TH) models. Other effects, such coupled chemical and mechanical processes, may also influence the movement of water above, within, and below the emplacement drifts. A recent report on thermally driven coupled processes (Hardin and Chesnut, 1997) provides a qualitative assessment of the probable significance of these processes for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMSCP) and is the phenomenological framework for the present report. This report describes the conceptual and numerical models that have been developed to predict the thermal, mechanical, hydrologic, and chemical responses to the cumulative heat production of the potential host rock at Yucca Mountain. As proposed, the repository horizon will be situated within the Topopah Spring tuff, in the adjacent middle nonlithophysal and lower lithophysal units. These units are made up of moderately to densely welded, devitrified, fractured tuff. The rock's chemical composition is comparable to that of typical granite, but has textural features and mineralogical characteristics of large-scale, silicic volcanism. Because the repository horizon will be approximately 300 m below the ground surface and 200 m above the water table, the repository will be partially saturated. The welded tuff matrix in the host units is highly impermeable, but water and gas flow readily through fractures. The degree of fracturing in these units is highly variable, and the hydrologic significance of fracturing is an important aspect of site investigation. This report describes the characterization and modeling of a region around the potential repository--the altered zone--a region in which the temperature will be increased significantly by waste-generated heat. Numerical simulation has shown that, depending on the boundary conditions, rock properties, and repository design features incorporated in the models, the altered zone (AZ) may extend from the water table to the ground surface. This report also describes models of the near field, the region comprising the repository emplacement drifts and the surrounding rock, which are critical to the performance of engineered components. Investigations of near-field and altered-zone (NF/AZ) processes support the design of underground repository facilities and engineered barriers and also provide constraint data for probabilistic calculations of waste-isolation performance (i.e., performance assessment). The approach to investigation, which is an iterative process involving hypothesis testing and experimentation, has relied on conceptualizing engineered barriers and on performance analysis. This report is a collection, emphasizing conceptual and numerical models, of the recent results contributed from studies of NF/AZ processes and of quantitative measures of NF/AZ performance. The selection and presentation of contributions are intended to show the iterative development of understand

Hardin, E. L., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones .3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States May 28, 2008 - 12:32pm Addthis The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin Kolevar today announced the Department's plans to contribute up to $2.3 million over three years, subject to annual appropriations, to identify areas in the Western United States with vast renewable energy resources, and expedite the development and delivery of those resources to meet regional energy needs. The Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ) project, launched by the Western

210

FOAM: NOVEL DELIVERY TECHNOLOGY FOR REMEDIATION OF VADOSE ZONE ENVIRONMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep vadose zone environments can be a primary source and pathway for contaminant migration to groundwater. These environments present unique characterization and remediation challenges that necessitate scrutiny and research. The thickness, depth, and intricacies of the deep vadose zone, combined with a lack of understanding of the key subsurface processes (e.g., biogeochemical and hydrologic) affecting contaminant migration, make it difficult to create validated conceptual and predictive models of subsurface flow dynamics and contaminant behavior across multiple scales. These factors also make it difficult to design and deploy sustainable remedial approaches and monitor long-term contaminant behavior after remedial actions. Functionally, the methods for addressing contamination must remove and/or reduce transport of contaminants. This problem is particularly challenging in the arid western United States where the vadose zone is hundreds of feet thick, rendering transitional excavation methods exceedingly costly and ineffective. Delivery of remedial amendments is one of the most challenging and critical aspects for all remedy-based approaches. The conventional approach for delivery is through injection of aqueous remedial solutions. However, heterogeneous deep vadose zone environments present hydrologic and geochemical challenges which limit the effectiveness. Because the flow of solution infiltration is dominantly controlled by gravity and suction, injected liquid preferentially percolates through highly permeable pathways, by-passing low-permeability zones which frequently contain the majority of contamination. Moreover, the wetting front can readily mobilize and enhance contaminant transport to the underlying aquifer prior to stabilization. Development of innovative, in-situ technologies may be the only way to meet remedial action objectives and long-term stewardship goals. Surfactants can be used to lower the liquid surface tension and create stabile foams, which readily penetrate low permeability zones. Although surfactant foams have been utilized for subsurface mobilization efforts in the oil and gas industry, so far, the concept of using foams as a delivery mechanism for transporting remedial amendments into deep vadose zone environments to stabilize metal and long-lived radionuclide contaminants has not been explored. Foam flow can be directed by pressure gradients, rather than being dominated by gravity; and, foam delivery mechanisms limit the volume of water (< 5% vol.) required for remedy delivery and emplacement, thus mitigating contaminant mobilization. We will present the results of a numerical modeling and integrated laboratory- / intermediate-scale investigation to simulate, develop, demonstrate, and monitor (i.e. advanced geophysical techniques and advanced predictive biomarkers) foam-based delivery of remedial amendments to remediate metals and radionuclides in vadose zone environments.

Jansik, Danielle P.; Wellman, Dawn M.; Mattigod, Shas V.; Zhong, Lirong; Wu, Yuxin; Foote, Martin; Zhang, Z. F.; Hubbard, Susan

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

211

Tree Death Study's Climate Change Connections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

What are the exact physiological mechanisms that lead to tree death during prolonged drought and rising temperatures? These are the questions that scientists are trying to answer at a Los Alamos National Laboratory research project called SUMO. SUMO stands for SUrvival/MOrtality study; it's a plot of land on the Lab's southern border that features 18 climate controlled tree study chambers and a large drought structure that limits rain and snowfall. Scientists are taking a wide variety of measurements over a long period of time to determine what happens during drought and warming, and what the connections and feedback loops might be between tree death and climate change.

McDowell, Nate

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

Tree Death Study's Climate Change Connections  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

What are the exact physiological mechanisms that lead to tree death during prolonged drought and rising temperatures? These are the questions that scientists are trying to answer at a Los Alamos National Laboratory research project called SUMO. SUMO stands for SUrvival/MOrtality study; it's a plot of land on the Lab's southern border that features 18 climate controlled tree study chambers and a large drought structure that limits rain and snowfall. Scientists are taking a wide variety of measurements over a long period of time to determine what happens during drought and warming, and what the connections and feedback loops might be between tree death and climate change.

McDowell, Nate

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

213

Algorithms for optimal dyadic decision trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new algorithm for constructing optimal dyadic decision trees was recently introduced, analyzed, and shown to be very effective for low dimensional data sets. This paper enhances and extends this algorithm by: introducing an adaptive grid search for the regularization parameter that guarantees optimal solutions for all relevant trees sizes, revising the core tree-building algorithm so that its run time is substantially smaller for most regularization parameter values on the grid, and incorporating new data structures and data pre-processing steps that provide significant run time enhancement in practice.

Hush, Don [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Porter, Reid [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Displacement Transfer Zone Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone: Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault

215

Climate Zone 5A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone 5A Zone 5A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 5A is defined as Cool- Humid with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5A climate zones: Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Missouri Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, Pennsylvania Albany County, New York Allegan County, Michigan Alleghany County, North Carolina Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Allen County, Indiana Allen County, Ohio Andrew County, Missouri Antelope County, Nebraska Appanoose County, Iowa Armstrong County, Pennsylvania Arthur County, Nebraska

216

Climate Zone 5B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 5B is defined as Dry with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5B climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Washington Apache County, Arizona Arapahoe County, Colorado Asotin County, Washington Baker County, Oregon Beaver County, Utah Benewah County, Idaho Bent County, Colorado Benton County, Washington Boulder County, Colorado Broomfield County, Colorado Canyon County, Idaho Carson City County, Nevada Cassia County, Idaho Catron County, New Mexico Chelan County, Washington Cheyenne County, Colorado

217

Climate Zone Number 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Number 1 Climate Zone Number 1 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 1 is defined as Very Hot - Humid(1A) with IP Units 9000 < CDD50ºF and SI Units 5000 < CDD10ºC Dry(1B) with IP Units 9000 < CDD50ºF and SI Units 5000 < CDD10ºC . The following places are categorized as class 1 climate zones: Broward County, Florida Hawaii County, Hawaii Honolulu County, Hawaii Kalawao County, Hawaii Kauai County, Hawaii Maui County, Hawaii Miami-Dade County, Florida Monroe County, Florida Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Zone_Number_1&oldid=21604" Category: ASHRAE Climate Zones What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

218

Climate Zone 2A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 2 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 2A is defined as Hot - Humid with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2A climate zones: Acadia Parish, Louisiana Alachua County, Florida Allen Parish, Louisiana Anderson County, Texas Angelina County, Texas Appling County, Georgia Aransas County, Texas Ascension Parish, Louisiana Assumption Parish, Louisiana Atascosa County, Texas Atkinson County, Georgia Austin County, Texas Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana Bacon County, Georgia Baker County, Florida Baker County, Georgia Baldwin County, Alabama Bastrop County, Texas

219

Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Texas Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Texas Wide Open for Business The Enterprise Zone Program eligible projects to apply for state sales and use tax refunds on purchases of all taxable items purchased for use at qualified business sites related to the project or activity. The level and amount of refund is related to the capital investment and jobs created at the qualified business site. In addition, local communities must offer incentives to participants under the enterprise zone program, such as tax

220

Climate Zone 3B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 3B is defined as Dry with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 . The following places are categorized as class 3B climate zones: Andrews County, Texas Baylor County, Texas Borden County, Texas Brewster County, Texas Butte County, California Callahan County, Texas Chaves County, New Mexico Childress County, Texas Clark County, Nevada Cochise County, Arizona Coke County, Texas Coleman County, Texas Collingsworth County, Texas Colusa County, California Concho County, Texas Contra Costa County, California Cottle County, Texas Crane County, Texas Crockett County, Texas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY FORESTS TO BE SELF-FINANCING: AN HEDONIC ANALYSIS OF THE ENHANCEMENT VALUE OF GEORGIA'S TREES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. · The Silver Comet Trail in Cobb County, a linear park with a paved trail that is shared by bikers, skaters tree cover. · Habersham County's Comprehensive Land Development resolution, which, among other things

Rosemond, Amy Daum

222

Confined Zone Dispersion Project: A DOE assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Coal Technology (CCT) program is to furnish the energy marketplace with a number of advanced, more efficient, and environmentally responsible coal utilization technologies through demonstration projects. These projects seek to establish the commercial feasibility of the most promising advanced coal technologies that have developed beyond the proof-of-concept (POC) stage. This document serves as a DOE post-project assessment of the Confined Zone Dispersion Project in CCT Round 3. In 1990, Bechtel Corporation entered into a cooperative agreement to conduct the demonstration project. The Seward Power Station of Pennsylvania Electric Company (now GPU Genco) was the host site. DOE funded 43 percent of the total project cost of $12,173,000. The project was started in June 1990 and was scheduled to be completed in June 1993. As a result of various operating problems, the schedule was extended into 1994 without additional cost to DOE. Bechtel provided the additional financing and GPU Genco provided electricity, steam, and water to operate the unit. The independent evaluation contained herein is based primarily on information from Bechtel's final technical report (1994) as well as other references cited. Confined Zone Dispersion (CZD) is a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) process that removes sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). A finely atomized slurry of reactive lime, calcium hydroxide or Ca(OH){sub 2} is injected into the flue-gas duct work, between the air preheater and the second-stage ESP. The lime reacts with the SO{sub 2}, forming dry solid reaction products. The downstream ESP captures the 2 reaction products along with the fly ash entrained in the flue gas. The CZD process was demonstrated on Unit 5, a 147-MWe utility unit with two flue gas ducts. One of the ducts was extended to provide the requisite residence time and retrofitted with the CZD lime injection equipment.

NONE

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

223

Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Incentives (Florida) Incentives (Florida) Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Florida Department of Economic Opportunity Enterprise Zone Incentives encourage business growth within certain geographic areas targeted for economic revitalization. Businesses which create jobs within a designated zone are eligible for several tax incentives, including sales and use tax credit, tax refunds for machinery or equipment, sales tax refund for building materials, and a sales tax exemption for electrical energy

224

Streamside Management Zones (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Streamside Management Zones (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation This chapter sets streamside management zones as encompassing a strip at

225

A Detailed Multi-Zone Thermodynamic Simulation For Direct-Injection Diesel Engine Combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed multi-zone thermodynamic simulation has been developed for the direct-injection (DI) diesel engine combustion process. For the purpose of predicting heterogeneous type combustion systems, the model explores the formation of pre...

Xue, Xingyu 1985-

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

GrowingProduce.com | 27 Tree Fruit Expert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GrowingProduce.com | 27 Tree Fruit Expert Moving WestClemson University tree fruit specialist-time tree fruit specialist at Clemson University (and "Stone Fruit" columnist for American/Western Fruit at Washington State University (WSU) as a new endowed chair created by funding from the state's tree fruit

Duchowski, Andrew T.

227

Quantification of Priority-OR gates in temporal fault trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fault Tree Analysis has been used in reliability engineering for many decades and has seen various modifications to enable it to analyse fault trees with dynamic and temporal gates so it can incorporate sequential failure in its analysis. Pandora is ... Keywords: Markov chains, Monte Carlo, Pandora, dynamic fault trees, fault trees, safety

Ernest Edifor; Martin Walker; Neil Gordon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Optimizing Tree Reconfiguration for Mobile Target Tracking in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nodes in the tree may become faraway from the root of the tree, and hence a large amount of energy mayOptimizing Tree Reconfiguration for Mobile Target Tracking in Sensor Networks Wensheng Zhang and then the collaboration among them becomes an important issue. In [1], a tree-based approach has been proposed

Zhang, Wensheng

229

On the degree distribution of the nodes in increasing trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simple families of increasing trees can be constructed from simply generated tree families, if one considers for every tree of size n all its increasing labellings, i.e., labellings of the nodes by distinct integers of the set {1,...,n} in such a way ... Keywords: Degree distribution, Increasing trees, Limiting distribution

Markus Kuba; Alois Panholzer

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Joshua Tree and Mojave Go Solar  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Until late 1998, Joshua Tree National Park and Until late 1998, Joshua Tree National Park and Mojave National Preserve in southern California used diesel generators to produce electricity in remote areas. Like many park energy systems, the diesel generators at Joshua Tree's Cottonwood Campground also produced potentially harmful emissions: 120 tons of carbon dioxide, 5,770 pounds of nitrous oxides, 286 pounds of sulfur dioxide, and 218 pounds of suspended particulates every year. Today, Joshua Tree has cut those emissions dramati- cally while reducing annual operating costs by an impressive 90%, thanks to a new photovoltaic (PV) system that harnesses the sun's energy to produce clean electric power. Mojave has also had good results. And both parks continue to provide high- quality experiences for visitors while preserving

231

Persimmon Tree Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Persimmon is a private equity fund established in 2008 to invest in renewable energy firms. References: Persimmon Tree Capital1 This article is a stub. You can help...

232

Conference on "Trees, Woods and Forests in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference on "Trees, Woods and Forests in British Society" Delegates Pack Organised by the Centre............................................................................................3 1.1 Conference objectives...................................................................................................38 | Forests and Society Conference | BAO and JW | 08/04/2010 2 #12;Forests and Society 1

233

The geometry of unfolding tree leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...opening|deployable structure|solar panel| The geometry of unfolding tree...opening, deployable structure, solar panel 1. INTRODUCTION The leaves of...of deployable structures such as solar panels and light- weight antennae of...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Rectilinear Steiner Tree Problem: A Tutorial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We give a tutorial on the rectilinear Steiner tree problem in the plane. First, fundamental structural results are given with full proofs. Then, recent exact algorithms allowing the solution of problem instanc...

Martin Zachariasen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

New bounds on optimal binary search trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Binary search trees (BSTs) are a class of simple data structures used to store and access keys from an ordered set. They have been around for about half a century. Despite their ubiquitous use in practical programs, ...

Harmon, Dion (Dion Kane)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

factsheet - trees and power lines - July 2008  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trees and power lines July 2008 This summer, BPA maintenance crews are inspecting and clearing high-growing vegetation from all 8,500- miles (15,000 circuit miles) of our...

237

Transfer Factors for Contaminant Uptake by Fruit and Nut Trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transfer of radionuclides from soils into plants is one of the key mechanisms for long-term contamination of the human food chain. Nearly all computer models that address soil-to-plant uptake of radionuclides use empirically-derived transfer factors to address this process. Essentially all available soil-to-plant transfer factors are based on measurements in annual crops. Because very few measurements are available for tree fruits, samples were taken of alfalfa and oats and the stems, leaves, and fruits and nuts of almond, apple, apricot, carob, fig, grape, nectarine, pecan, pistachio (natural and grafted), and pomegranate, along with local surface soil. The samples were dried, ground, weighed, and analyzed for trace constituents through a combination of induction-coupled plasma mass spectrometry and instrumental neutron activation analysis for a wide range of naturally-occurring elements. Analysis results are presented and converted to soil-to-plant transfer factors. These are compared to commonly used and internationally recommended values. Those determined for annual crops are very similar to commonly-used values; those determined for tree fruits show interesting differences. Most macro- and micronutrients are slightly reduced in fruits; non-essential elements are reduced further. These findings may be used in existing computer models and may allow development of tree-fruit-specific transfer models.

Napier, Bruce A.; Fellows, Robert J.; Minc, Leah D.

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

238

Solar tree: Exploring new form factors of organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Organic solar cells have great potential as a clean and renewable solar energy conversion system, due to their low cost materials, ease of production, and lack of harmful emissions. The rapid improvement in organic solar cell performance in recent years has triggered significant interests in developing organic solar cells for commercial applications. Harnessing the unique set of characteristics of organic solar cells, here we demonstrate a new form factor for organic solar cells, a solar tree or an electricity-generating artificial tree with organic solar cells as leaves. We first fabricated polymer:fullerene based organic solar cells on flexible plastic substrates that show similar performance to devices on rigid glass substrates using the inverted device structure. Large-area flexible devices were fabricated and cut into palm leaf shapes with an active device area of 6.5cm2 using a steel rule die. 12 leaf-shaped organic solar cells were then assembled to form a prototype solar palm tree. Two different wiring configurations among the devices provided different power delivery modes: a low-voltage, high-current fan mode and a high voltage, low-current LED mode.

Weiran Cao; Zhifeng Li; Yixing Yang; Ying Zheng; Weijie Yu; Rimza Afzal; Jiangeng Xue

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

aBubbleTree? Thomas H. Parker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Rn \\ {0}. That limit loses energy. A bubble tree is a way of recovering the lost energy by keepingaBubbleTree? Thomas H. Parker 666 NOTICES OF THE AMS VOLUME 50, NUMBER 6 Some of the most important for functions u on a domain in R2, which arises as the variational equation of the energy (2) E(u) = |du|2 dvol

Parker, Thomas H.

240

Hybrid Zones and Sexual Selection 503 HYBRID ZONES AND SEXUAL SELECTION: INSIGHTS FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Zones and Sexual Selection 503 HYBRID ZONES AND SEXUAL SELECTION: INSIGHTS FROM THE AWASH BABOON HYBRID ZONE (Papio hamadryas anubis x P. h. hamadryas) Thore J. Bergman and Jacinta C. Beehner, have focused on the impact of sexual selection on populations of naturally occurring hybrid animals

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

FIRST DRAFT OF OUTLINE: RPSEA 1 RESIDUAL OIL ZONE RESEARCH  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Residual Oil Zones: Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico and West Texas RPSEA PROJECT NUMBER.FINAL Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Residual Oil Zones: Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico and West Texas Contract 81.089 08123-19-RPSEA June 28, 2012 Dr. Robert Trentham Director, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification The University of Texas of the Permian Basin Odessa, Texas 79762 L. Steven Melzer Melzer Consulting Midland, Texas 79701 David Vance Arcadis, U. S. Midland, Texas 79701 LEGAL NOTICE This report was prepared by Dr Robert Trentham as an account of work sponsored by the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America, RPSEA. Neither RPSEA

242

Proceedings of Coastal Zone 07 Portland, Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis, Seaside Oregon, GIS, flood hazard maps, shoreline change, digital elevation model INTRODUCTION, 2006). The flood maps and GIS data are briefly described here. 100- AND 500-YEAR FLOOD MAPSProceedings of Coastal Zone 07 Portland, Oregon July 22 to 26, 2007 Coastal Zone 07: Wong 1 GIS

243

Treating tar sands formations with karsted zones  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. The tar sands formation may have one or more karsted zones. Methods may include providing heat from one or more heaters to one or more karsted zones of the tar sands formation to mobilize fluids in the formation. At least some of the mobilized fluids may be produced from the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain, Nevada Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A three-dimensional unsaturated-zone numerical model has been developed to simulate flow and distribution of moisture, gas and heat at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, a potential repository site for high-level radioactive waste. The model takes into account the simultaneous flow dynamics of liquid water, vapor, air and heat in the highly heterogeneous, fractured porous rock in the unsaturated zone (UZ). This model is intended for use in the prediction of the current and future conditions in the UZ so

245

Climate Zone 7B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 7 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 7A is defined as Very Cold with IP Units 9000 < HDD65ºF ≤ 12600 and SI Units 5000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 7000 . The following places are categorized as class 7B climate zones: Clear Creek County, Colorado Grand County, Colorado Gunnison County, Colorado Hinsdale County, Colorado Jackson County, Colorado Lake County, Colorado Lincoln County, Wyoming Mineral County, Colorado Park County, Colorado Pitkin County, Colorado Rio Grande County, Colorado Routt County, Colorado San Juan County, Colorado Sublette County, Wyoming Summit County, Colorado Teton County, Wyoming Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Zone_7B&oldid=2161

246

Applied Field Research Initiative Deep Vadose Zone  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Applied Field Research Initiative Applied Field Research Initiative Deep Vadose Zone Located on the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ AFRI) was established to protect water resources by addressing the challenge of preventing contamination in the deep vadose zone from reaching groundwater. Led by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Initiative is a collaborative effort that leverages Department of Energy (DOE) investments in basic science and applied research and the work of site contractors to address the complex deep vadose zone contamination challenges. Challenge Many vadose zone environments within the DOE complex consist of complex stratified layers of unconsolidated and water-unsaturated sediments that are, in many places, con-

247

Climate Zone 6B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Zone 6B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 6 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 6B is defined as Dry with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6B climate zones: Adams County, Idaho Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alpine County, California Archuleta County, Colorado Bannock County, Idaho Bear Lake County, Idaho Beaverhead County, Montana Big Horn County, Montana Big Horn County, Wyoming

248

Climate Zone 4C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Zone 4C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 4C is defined as Mixed - Marine with IP Units 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units 2000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4C climate zones: Benton County, Oregon Clackamas County, Oregon Clallam County, Washington Clark County, Washington Clatsop County, Oregon Columbia County, Oregon Coos County, Oregon Cowlitz County, Washington Curry County, Oregon Douglas County, Oregon

249

Development Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programme 2007 - 2010 The aim of the Timber Development Programme (TDP) is "to contribute to the sustainable development to underpin sustainable forest management and support economic growth and employment acrossDevelopment Timber Development Programme 2007 - 2010 #12;2 | Timber Development Programme 2007

250

Further development of the RBLM model to study the impacts of greenery on urban thermal environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A forest canopy model is developed and coupled into the Regional Boundary Layer Model (RBLM) to fully consider the vertical structure of tree morphology. Instead of a slab surface model former used to represent trees in RBLM, the new version ...

JIANBO YANG; HONGNIAN LIU; JIANNING SUN; YAN ZHU; XUEYUAN WANG; ZHE XIONG; WEIMEI JIANG

251

Technical and Policy Challenges in Deep Vadose Zone Remediation of Metals and Radionuclides - 12025  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep vadose zone contamination is a significant issue facing the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). Contamination in the deep vadose zone is isolated from exposure such that direct contact is not a factor in risk to human health and the environment. Transport of deep vadose zone contamination and discharge to the groundwater creates the potential for exposure and risk to receptors, so limiting flux to groundwater is key for protection of groundwater resources. Remediation approaches for the deep vadose zone need to be considered within the regulatory context, targeted at mitigating the source of contamination and reducing contaminant flux to groundwater. Processes for deep vadose zone metal and radionuclide remediation are discussed, as well as challenges and opportunities for implementation. It may be useful to consider the risk and challenges with leaving contaminants in place as part of a flux-control remedy in comparison with risks associated with contaminant removal and final disposition elsewhere. Understanding and quantifying the ramifications of contaminant removal and disposition options are therefore warranted. While this review suggests that some additional development work is needed for deep vadose zone remediation techniques, the benefits of applying vadose zone remediation for groundwater protection are compelling and worthy of continued development. (authors)

Wellman, Dawn M.; Truex, Michael J.; Freshley, Mark; Cantrell, Kirk J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Blvd, Richland, WA, 99352 (United States); Dresel, P. Evan [Future Farming Systems Research Division, Department of Primary Industries, PO Box 3100, Bendigo Delivery Centre VIC 3554 (Australia)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine. 3 figs.

Schiffbauer, W.H.; Ganoe, C.W.

1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

253

Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation thereof. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine.

Schiffbauer, William H. (Connellsville, PA); Ganoe, Carl W. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Categorical Exclusion for Emergency Danger Tree  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Danger Tree Danger Tree Removal along the Pinnacle Peak - Prescott 230-kV Transmission line between structures 216/4 & 216/5 & the adjacent Pinnacle Peak Substation, Maricopa County, Arizona. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to cut down or trim vegetation that impacts worker safety and the reliable transmission of electricity on the existing Pinnacle Peak to Prescott 230-kV transmission line between Structures 216/4 and 216/5 in Maricopa County, Arizona. This emergency work must be completed before the line is energerized on March 21, 2010. Portions of several palo verde trees and one-to-three saguaros are less than 23 feet from the conductor, which is the minimum safe-distance for a 230-kV transmission

255

Landsat TM processing in the investigation of active fault zones, South Lajas Valley Fault Zone and Cerro Goden Fault Zone as an example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

unrecognized east- west trending fault crossing an alluvial fan on the southern side of the Lajas Valley, SWLandsat TM processing in the investigation of active fault zones, South Lajas Valley Fault Zone and geophysical data, to delineate the lateral extent of two fault zones, the South Lajas Valley Fault Zone (SLVFZ

Gilbes, Fernando

256

Category:County Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Climate Zones County Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search This category contains county climate zone information in the United States of America. Contents: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pages in category "County Climate Zones" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,141 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone

257

Trees, soils, and food security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996). Such progress could improve household welfare by providing traditional food...Gelder, A. 1995 Development research and energy planning in Kenya. Ambio 14, 228236...mposium Series 1, pp. 108119. Tsukuba, Japan: JIRCAS. Sanchez P. A., Izac, A...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States May 28, 2008 - 1:58pm Addthis The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin Kolevar today announced the Department's plans to contribute up to $2.3 million over three years, subject to annual appropriations, to identify areas in the Western United States with vast renewable energy resources, and expedite the development and delivery of those resources to meet regional energy needs. The

259

Climate Zone Number 7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Number 7 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 7 is defined as Very Cold with IP Units 9000 < HDD65ºF ≤ 12600 and SI Units 5000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 7000 . The following places are categorized as class 7 climate zones: Aitkin County, Minnesota Aleutians East Borough, Alaska Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska Anchorage Borough, Alaska Aroostook County, Maine Ashland County, Wisconsin Baraga County, Michigan Barnes County, North Dakota Bayfield County, Wisconsin Becker County, Minnesota Beltrami County, Minnesota Benson County, North Dakota Bottineau County, North Dakota Bristol Bay Borough, Alaska Burke County, North Dakota Burnett County, Wisconsin Carlton County, Minnesota Cass County, Minnesota

260

Climate Zone 2B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 2 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 2B is defined as Dry with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2B climate zones: Bandera County, Texas Dimmit County, Texas Edwards County, Texas Frio County, Texas Imperial County, California Kinney County, Texas La Paz County, Arizona La Salle County, Texas Maricopa County, Arizona Maverick County, Texas Medina County, Texas Pima County, Arizona Pinal County, Arizona Real County, Texas Uvalde County, Texas Val Verde County, Texas Webb County, Texas Yuma County, Arizona Zapata County, Texas Zavala County, Texas Retrieved from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Climate Zone 4A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 4A is defined as Mixed - Humid with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4A climate zones: Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Kentucky Adams County, Ohio Alamance County, North Carolina Albemarle County, Virginia Alexander County, Illinois Alexander County, North Carolina Alexandria County, Virginia Allegany County, Maryland Alleghany County, Virginia Allen County, Kansas Allen County, Kentucky Amelia County, Virginia Amherst County, Virginia Anderson County, Kansas Anderson County, Kentucky

262

Climate Zone 4B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 4B is defined as Dry with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4B climate zones: Amador County, California Armstrong County, Texas Baca County, Colorado Bailey County, Texas Beaver County, Oklahoma Bernalillo County, New Mexico Briscoe County, Texas Calaveras County, California Carson County, Texas Castro County, Texas Cibola County, New Mexico Cimarron County, Oklahoma Cochran County, Texas Curry County, New Mexico Dallam County, Texas De Baca County, New Mexico Deaf Smith County, Texas

263

Climate Zone 6A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 6 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 6A is defined as Cold - Humid with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6A climate zones: Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Alcona County, Michigan Alger County, Michigan Allamakee County, Iowa Allegany County, New York Alpena County, Michigan Androscoggin County, Maine Anoka County, Minnesota Antrim County, Michigan Arenac County, Michigan Aurora County, South Dakota Barron County, Wisconsin Beadle County, South Dakota Belknap County, New Hampshire Bennington County, Vermont

264

Microbial oceanography of anoxic oxygen minimum zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vast expanses of oxygen-deficient and nitrite-rich water define the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the global ocean. They support diverse microbial communities that influence the nitrogen economy of the oceans, ...

Ulloa, Osvaldo

265

Monitoring Vadose Zone Desiccation with Geophysical Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil desiccation was recently field tested as a potential vadose zone remediation technology. Desiccation removes water from the vadose zone and significantly decreases the aqueous-phase permeability of the desiccated zone, thereby decreasing movement of moisture and contaminants. The 2-D and 3-D distribution of moisture content reduction over time provides valuable information for desiccation operations and for determining when treatment goals have been reached. This type of information can be obtained through use of geophysical methods. Neutron moisture logging, cross-hole electrical resistivity tomography, and cross-hole ground penetrating radar approaches were evaluated with respect to their ability to provide effective spatial and temporal monitoring of desiccation during a treatability study conducted in the vadose zone of the DOE Hanford Site in WA.

Truex, Michael J.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Strickland, Christopher E.; Peterson, John E.; Hubbard, Susan S.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Adaptive HVAC zone modeling for sustainable buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Control of energy flows within a building is critical to achieving optimal performance of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. To design optimal HVAC control strategies, a dynamic model of the HVAC system particularly the building zones that it services is essential. As analysis of building energy consumption is facilitated by the accurate prediction of indoor environmental conditions, techniques that dynamically model HVAC zones are crucial, and as such, is an active area of research. This paper focuses on real-time HVAC zone model fitting and prediction techniques based on physical principles, as well as the use of genetic algorithms for optimization. The proposed approach is validated by comparing real-time HVAC zone model fitting and prediction against the corresponding experimental measurements. In addition, comparison with prediction results using an algorithm based on feedback-delayed Kalman filters has demonstrated the superiority of the proposed approach in terms of prediction accuracy.

Glenn Platt; Jiaming Li; Ronxin Li; Geoff Poulton; Geoff James; Josh Wall

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Climate Zone 3C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 3C is defined as Warm - Marine with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3C climate zones: Alameda County, California Marin County, California Mendocino County, California Monterey County, California Napa County, California San Benito County, California San Francisco County, California San Luis Obispo County, California San Mateo County, California Santa Barbara County, California Santa Clara County, California Santa Cruz County, California Sonoma County, California Ventura County, California

268

Climate Zone 3A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 3A is defined as Warm - Humid with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 . The following places are categorized as class 3A climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Mississippi Aiken County, South Carolina Alcorn County, Mississippi Alfalfa County, Oklahoma Allendale County, South Carolina Amite County, Mississippi Anderson County, South Carolina Anson County, North Carolina Archer County, Texas Arkansas County, Arkansas Ashley County, Arkansas Atoka County, Oklahoma Attala County, Mississippi Autauga County, Alabama Baldwin County, Georgia

269

Definition: Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources

270

An examination of patterns in coastal management: a content analysis of the Coastal Zone Management Journal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EXAMINATION OF PATTERNS IN COASTAL MANAGEMENT: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF THE COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT JOURNAL A Thesis by JERRI LYNN EVANDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 19S7 Major Subject: Reor cation Resource Development AN EXAMINATION OF PATTERNS IN COASTAL NANAGENENT: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF THE COASTAL ZONE NANAGEHENT JOURNAL A Thesi s by Jerri Lynn Evander Approved as to style...

Evander, Jerri Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

271

Workers Create Demolition Zone at Hanford Site's Plutonium Finishing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Create Demolition Zone at Hanford Site's Plutonium Finishing Plant Workers Create Demolition Zone at Hanford Site's Plutonium Finishing Plant August 28, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis The...

272

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region Details Areas (0) Power...

273

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Gulf of California Rift Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Gulf of California Rift...

274

Central Plateau Groundwater and Deep Vadose Zone Strategy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of interest to the Council? * Examples of groundwater and vadose zone integration - Deep Vadose Zone treatability testing leading to evaluation of measures to protect...

275

NELHA Creates the 'Green Energy Zone.' | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NELHA Creates the 'Green Energy Zone.' NELHA Creates the 'Green Energy Zone.' Ron Baird and Will Rolston's presentation at the February 13, 2008 Technical Assistance Project for...

276

Montana Streamside Management Zone Law Webpage | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Law Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Streamside Management Zone Law Webpage Abstract Provides information on...

277

Zone heated diesel particulate filter electrical connection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical connection system for a particulate filter is provided. The system includes: a particulate filter (PF) disposed within an outer shell wherein the PF is segmented into a plurality of heating zones; an outer mat disposed between the particulate filter and the outer shell; an electrical connector coupled to the outer shell of the PF; and a plurality of printed circuit connections that extend along the outer surface of the PF from the electrical connector to the plurality of heating zones.

Gonze, Eugene V. (Pinckney, MI); Paratore, Jr., Michael J. (Howell, MI)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.

Vinegar, Harold J

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

279

Regional coherence project - Potential wind power plant development zone.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This document presents a methodology to highlight the location on which the wind turbines could be implemented. This study was performed in the framework of (more)

Bellut, Romain

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heterogeneity on the fluid flow and heat transfer regime,heterogeneity on the fluid flow and heat transfer regime,for Simulating Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Unsaturated

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Young University, 2005. Evans, James P. , Craig B. Forster2005. Hammond, K. Jill and James P. Evans, Geochemistry,Caine, Jonathan Saul, James P. Evans, and Craig B. Forster,

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Development of a capillary wick unsaturated zone pore water sampler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Many researchers, among them Kissel et al. (1973), Quisenberry and Phillips (1976), Ritchie et al. (1977), and Thomas and Phillips (1979), have shown that in structured soils, such as silt loams and clays, the majority of pezcolating water moves... glass and teflon. Three capillary wick samplers were constructed as shown in Fig. 1. Five cm diameter Pyrex tubing was attached to the glass plate with Armstrong Epoxy 271. The sections of pyrex tubing were attached to one another using steel teflon...

Holder, Michael Wayne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Title Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Development Study (with Project...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

following recommendations to the Task Force: * Pursue a Federal commitment to purchase "green" power from the SEZ. This can greatly expand the short-term market for SEZ energy....

284

COASTAL ZONE LANDSCAPE CLASSIFICATION USING REMOTE SENSING AND MODEL DEVELOPMENT*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to characterize Phragmites australis L. stands into high, medium and low categorical biomass classes. Ten P. australis sample sites were grouped into these three classes based on image reflectance values and field ordered differences in biomass between various P. australis stands. In the third study, correction

Newman, Michael C.

285

Details of U.S. Climate Zones:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones: The CBECS climate zones are groups of climate divisions, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which are regions within a state that are as climatically homogeneous as possible. Each NOAA climate division is placed into one of five CBECS climate zones based on its 30-year average heating degree-days (HDD) and cooling degree-days (CDD) for the period 1971 through 2000. (These climate zones have been updated for the 2003 CBECS. All previous CBECS used averages for the 45-year period from 1931 through 1975.) A HDD is a measure of how cold a location was over a period of time, relative to a base temperature (in CBECS, 65 degrees Fahrenheit). The heating degree-day is the difference between that day's average temperature and 65 degrees if the daily average is less than 65; it is zero if the daily average temperature is greater than or equal to 65. For example, if the average temperature for a given day is 40 degrees, then the heating degree-days for that single day equal 25. Heating degree-days for a year are the sum of the daily heating degree-days that year.

286

273KELLY: TREE WETA MOVEMENT PATTERNS SHORT COMMUNICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

273KELLY: TREE WETA MOVEMENT PATTERNS SHORT COMMUNICATION Movement patterns and gallery use by the sexually dimorphic Wellington tree weta Clint D. Kelly Department of Biology, University of Toronto University, Canberra, ACT, Australia 0200 (E-mail: clint.kelly

Gwynne, Darryl T.

287

SAWSA-LPR: Astochastic search strategy for estimation of maximum likelihood DNA phylogenetic trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the spirit of the ''grand challenge'', this paper covers the development of novel concepts for inference of large phylogenies based on the maximum likelihood method, which has proved to be the most accurate model for inference of huge and complex ... Keywords: DNA, Inferencing, LPR, Phylogenetic tree, Simulated annealing

Sanchita Paul, Gadadhar Sahoo

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Decision trees for the severity and recurrence of acute splenic sequestration in sickle cell disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Decision trees for the severity and recurrence of acute splenic sequestration in sickle cell of sickle cell disease. This potentially life-threatening complication is defined by a rapid sequestration of sickle red blood cells in the spleen. Approximately 30% of young patients will develop this complication

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

A future with broadleaved trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It builds on and supports Biodiversity Action Plans and national policies for forestry and forest science of Agriculture, Food and Marine Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Northern Ireland Duchy and Ireland and a natural and rich resource on which our culture, economy, health and biodiversity depended

290

Cooling our Communities. A Guidebook on Tree Planting and Light-Colored Surfacing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of trees which save energy and trees that only sequester1990, a team of SMUD "Energy Advisors" and Tree Foundation "of'an unshaded lawn, Trees, Energy,And Water: Implications

Akbari, H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Bioclimatology Optimization of water for fruit trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioclimatology Optimization of water for fruit trees by a computerized irrigation system R. Assaf1 load (the ratio of reproductive to vegetative growth - kg fruit/cm2 trunk growth) and fruit size penetration, improve fruit quality, and lower the cost of production. This method will permit the planting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

SOME SOIL FACTORS AFFECTING TREE GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of gravity. Hence permeability to water ranks high...quality for tree growth. Permeability to water depends both...considered the chief reservoir for water held against...good criterion of its permeability. Moreover, the relation...to non-capillary porosity appears to be exponential...

ROBT. M. SALTER

1940-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

293

A BorgLevinson theorem for trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Borg-Levinson theorem for trees B.M Brown 1 R Weikard 2 1 School of Computer Science, University of Wales, Cardiff, PO Box 916...work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant no. DMS-0304280. We denote the vector whose entries...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Propagating Belief Functions in AND-Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: . Open Access Version: . Propagating Belief Functions in AND-Trees Rajendra P. Srivastava Professor of Accounting School of Business...'s Official Version: . Open Access Version: . 23 REFERENCES 1. Shenoy, P. P., and G. Shafer, Propagating Belief Functions using Local Computations, IEEE...

Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Shenoy, Prakash P.; Shafer, Glenn R.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

APICAL BUD STRENGTH TESTS AND TREE SWAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brannon M.S. Candidate Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Wednesday, October 27th 2010 12:20pm Room 160 adjoining tree crowns with increasing force during wind sway Battered crowns and stems can become deformed's Anemometers Records average wind data/minute Records gust events Accelerometers #12;10/27/2010 8 Nuttall oak

Gray, Matthew

296

Density Estimation Trees in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density Estimation Trees can play an important role in exploratory data analysis for multidimensional, multi-modal data models of large samples. I briefly discuss the algorithm, a self-optimization technique based on kernel density estimation, and some applications in High Energy Physics.

Anderlini, Lucio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Generation and Synchronous TreeAdjoining Grammars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and Synchronous Tree­Adjoining Grammars Stuart M. Shieber Yves Schabes Aiken Computation) have been proposed as a formal­ ism for generation based on the intuition that the extended domain serving as an aid to generation from semantic representations. We demonstrate that this intuition can

Shieber, Stuart

298

Triangle zone and displacement transfer structures in the eastern Front Ranges, southern Canadian Rocky Mountains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geometry of a relict triangle zone at the boundary of the Foothills and Front Ranges in the southern Canadian Rocky Mountains is constrained by detailed surface mapping over 700 m of relief and by seismic reflection data. The geometry and progressive development of the triangle zone along a strike length of 15-20 km, in the displacement transfer zone between the Coleman and Misty thrusts, is illustrated using closely spaced balanced cross sections, palinspastic restorations, and s sequentially restored cross section. Structural geometries show that a northeast- (foreland-) verging, mainly carbonate wedge of Mississippian to Triassic rock was inserted along a major upper detachment zone in shale, near the base of the Jurassic-Cretaceous clastic package. This was accompanied by southwest- (hinterland-) verging displacements along the upper detachment zone, tectonic thickening of the clastic package exceeding 200%, and backthrusting. Later northeast-verging deformation slightly modified the triangle zone by steepening structures, tightening folds, and minor thrusting. Recognition of relict triangle zones within the fold and thrust belt may document important changes in the rate of thrust front advancement, and aid in the delineation of potential hydrocarbon traps, similar to those discovered along the present-day thrust-belt margin in the southern Canadian Rocky Mountains.

Sanderson, D.A. (Petrel Robertson Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)); Spratt, D.A. (Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

TREE SEEDING BPG NOTE 10 Best Practice Guidance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

woodland on reclaimed land is a complex process! To achieve a sustainable tree cover many activities needTREE SEEDING BPG NOTE 10 Best Practice Guidance for Land Regeneration Introduction Establishing of thumb' applies strongly in the case of tree establishment. Conventionally, this has usually been

300

Minimum-Energy Multicast Tree in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum-Energy Multicast Tree in Cognitive Radio Networks Wei Ren, Xiangyang Xiao, Qing Zhao algorithm with bounded performance guarantee for constructing the minimum-energy multicast tree, which by studying the impact of the traffic load of the primary network on the minimum-energy multicast tree. I

Islam, M. Saif

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Minimum-Hot-Spot Query Trees for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an energy- efficient query routing tree. (a) Energy harvesting for battery- less nodes for the (b) Voltree to the querying node. Energy-efficient query routing trees are needed in a plethora of systems such as PeopleMinimum-Hot-Spot Query Trees for Wireless Sensor Networks Georgios Chatzimilioudis Dept

Zeinalipour, Demetris

302

Shapes of tree representations of spin-glass Wim Hordijka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of distinguishing different types of landscapes, that the barrier trees from p-spin energy landscapes are quite of barrier trees, whose leaves represent the local minima and the internal nodes the lowest-energy saddles of barrier trees (and hence energy landscapes) remains to be obtained. For instance, the size

Stadler, Peter F.

303

Competitive Tree-Structured Dictionaries MICHAEL T. GOODRICH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Our approach is based on a potential energy parameter stored at each node in the tree. As updates and queries are performed, the potential energy of tree nodes are increased or decreased. Whenever on data structure usage. Energy-Balanced Binary Search Trees. A dictionary holds pairs of ordered keys

Goodrich, Michael T.

304

A tree projection algorithm for wavelet-based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rooted tree of size k whose coefficients have maximum energy. #12;Optimization formulation · Pk preserves to finding the rooted tree of size k whose coefficients have maximum energy. · we can formulateA tree projection algorithm for wavelet-based sparse approximation Andrew Thompson Duke University

Thompson, Andrew

305

45TREE CARE INDUSTRY -JULY 2001 Urban Forestry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

infrastructure. Tree roots search- ing for oxygen, water, and nutrients will upset concrete sidewalk slabs quite power lines along road- ways. In spite of this, power failures often occur as the result of tree- ample, if the hazard tree failed and damaged a car. In many instances, it is impossible

Schweik, Charles M.

306

Compositions of Extended Top-down Tree Transducers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

initil stte q suh tht q@tA n e rewritten to uF st is shown in PH tht synhronized tree sustitution grmmrsCompositions of Extended Top-down Tree Transducers Andreas Maletti£;1 International Computer of transformations computed by linear extended top-down tree trans- ducers with regular look-ahead is not closed

Reyle, Uwe

307

Graduate Assistantships in: Forest Tree Breeding and Restoration Genetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(M.S. or Ph.D.) is offered to qualified students seeking training in forest tree breedingGraduate Assistantships in: Forest Tree Breeding and Restoration Genetics A Graduate Assistantship with The Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center (HTIRC). Qualifications: Candidates should have well

308

ORIGINAL PAPER Influence of tree species on carbon and nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/nutrient ratios, pH and nutrient contents according to the tree species (Vesterdal and Raulund-Rasmussen 1998ORIGINAL PAPER Influence of tree species on carbon and nitrogen transformation patterns in forest Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract · Background Among forest management practices, forest tree

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

309

Trees and Power Lines: Minimizing Conflicts between Electric Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trees and Power Lines: Minimizing Conflicts between Electric Power Infrastructure and the Urban Forest By William Brock Most 1 and Steven Weissman 2 March 10, 2012 #12;iiTrees and Power Lines Trees and Power Lines 5 5. Benefits of the Urban Forest 6 a. Carbon Sequestration 6 b. Property Value 6

Kammen, Daniel M.

310

Simulation of heat transfer in the unsaturated zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heat transfer can play an important role in fluid flow near the emplacement site of high-level nuclear waste. The effects on far- field flow can be important in understanding net moisture fluxes above the repository zone. The convection in the unsaturated zone at the Yucca Mountain site was responsible for this movement. If this is so, then the convection could provide a mechanism for drying the rock above the repository zone and thus provide a buffer for heavy rainfall events. In addition, the convection would increase the movement of gaseous radionuclides such as {sup 14}CO{sub 2}, tritiated water vapor, and {sup 129}I (Weeks, 1987). Because of the complexity of the problem, numerical models were required to calculate gas flow and vapor transport at the site. Kipp previously modeled this problem using the code HST3D. This code represents the flow of a single-phase fluid with both heat- and mass-transfer effects included. Water density and partial pressure effects are accounted for by the virtual temperature method. In this paper, the problem was simulated using the code FEHMN, a finite-element heat- and mass-transfer code being developed for the Yucca Mountain Project. The work described in this paper was done in preparation of the upcoming problem to be formulated for the Performance Assessment Calculation Exercise. 5 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Zyvoloski, G.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Project Work Plan Chromium Vadose Zone Characterization and Geochemistry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major objectives of the proposed study are to 1) determine the leaching characteristics of Cr(VI) from contaminated sediments collected from 100 area spill sites, 2) elucidate possible Cr(VI) mineral and/or chemical associations that may be responsible for Cr(VI) retention in the Hanford site 100 areas through the use of i) macroscopic solubility studies and ii) microscale characterization of contaminated sediments, and 3) from these data construct a conceptual model of Cr(VI) geochemistry in the Hanford 100 area vadose zone. These objectives are based on locating and obtaining contaminated sediment with depth and at varying Cr(VI) concentrations as we hypothesize that mineral/chemical-Cr(VI) associations should be related to the total Cr concentration and other master geochemical variables (e.g., pH, counter-cation type and concentration, and water content). In addressing these objectives, additional benefits accrued will be (1) a fuller understanding of Cr(VI) entrained in the vadose zone that will that can be utilized in modeling potential Cr(VI) source terms, and 2) accelerating the Columbia River 100 area corridor cleanup by developing remedial action based on a fundamental understanding of Cr(VI) vadose zone geochemistry.

Ainsworth, Calvin C.

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

312

Tank waste remediation system vadose zone program plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the vadose zone characterization under this program is to develop a better conceptual geohydrologic model of identified tank farms which will be characterized so that threats to human health and the environment from past leaks and spills, intentional liquid discharges, potential future leaks during retrieval, and from residual contaminants that may remain in tank farms at closure can be explicitly addressed in decision processes. This model will include geologic, hydrologic, and hydrochemical parameters as defined by the requirements of each of the TWRS programs identified here. The intent of this TWRS Vadose Zone Program Plan is to provide justification and an implementation plan for the following activities: Develop a sufficient understanding of subsurface conditions and transport processes to support decisions on management, cleanup, and containment of past leaks, spills, and intentional liquid discharges; Develop a sufficient understanding of transport processes to support decisions on controlling potential retrieval leaks; Develop a sufficient understanding of transport processes to support decisions on tank farm closure, including allowable residual waste that may remain at closure; and Provide new information on geotechnical properties in the 200 Area to supplement data used for design and performance assessment for immobilized low-activity waste disposal facilities.

Fredenburg, E.A.

1998-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report In June 2006, the Western Governors'Association published "Clean Energy, a Strong Economy and a Healthy Environment,"a report from the Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Committee.3 This report explained that while vast renewable resources exist throughout the West,many reside in remote areas without ready or cost effective access to transmission. Lack of cost effective transmission access was, and remains, the greatest impediment to the rapid development of utility-scale, renewable-rich resource areas. Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report More Documents & Publications EIS-0413: Final Environmental Impact Statement Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

314

Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report In June 2006, the Western Governors'Association published "Clean Energy, a Strong Economy and a Healthy Environment,"a report from the Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Committee.3 This report explained that while vast renewable resources exist throughout the West,many reside in remote areas without ready or cost effective access to transmission. Lack of cost effective transmission access was, and remains, the greatest impediment to the rapid development of utility-scale, renewable-rich resource areas. Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report More Documents & Publications Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

315

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Details Activities (5) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. The areas studied were: (1) Salton Trough, (2) The Geysers-Clear Lake, (3) Long Valley caldera, (4) Coso volcanic field, and (5) Medicine Lake volcano, all located in California and all selected on the basis of recent volcanic activity and published indications of crustal melt zones. 23 figs.

316

Endogenous zoning: an integrated econometric-GIS approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent studies of zoning have treated zoning as endogenous, based on externality, fiscal, and exclusionary motives. This paper presents an alternative approach for examining the determinants of zoning regulations. Specifically, this paper utilizes a model that asserts the wealth maximizing objective of households when voting on zoning regulations, and empirical implemented using spatially referenced zoning and census data from a geographical information system (GIS). Results indicate that the spatial pattern of neighbouring land uses does significantly affect both the choice of zoning regulations as well as the median value of owner-occupied housing given these precursory zoning choices.

Malcolm O. Asadoorian

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Institutional Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Oklahoma Department of Commerce Opportunity and Enterprise Zones provide enhanced financial incentives for businesses located in such zones aimed at stimulating economic expansion in rural and disadvantaged communities Opportunity Zones are those census

318

Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal

319

Open neighborhood locatingdominating in trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For a graph G that models a facility or a multiprocessor network, detection devices can be placed at the vertices so as to identify the location of an intruder such as a thief or saboteur or a faulty processor. Open neighborhood locatingdominating sets are of interest when the intruder/fault at a vertex precludes its detection at that location. The parameter OLD ( G ) denotes the minimum cardinality of a vertex set S ? V ( G ) such that for each vertex v in V ( G ) its open neighborhood N ( v ) has a unique non-empty intersection with S . For a tree T n of order n we have ? n / 2 ? + 1 ? OLD ( T n ) ? n ? 1 . We characterize the trees that achieve these extremal values.

Suk J. Seo; Peter J. Slater

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Factorizations of some weighted spanning tree enumerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.08.003, Open Access version: http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/dspace/ 4 JEREMY L. MARTIN AND VICTOR REINER In particular, setting yi = xi gives X T2Tree(G) xdeg(T) = x1x2 xn n 1Y r=2 0 @ 0rX i=1 xi 1 A: The proof, sketched in Section 6, proceeds by identi... S [n] x S x[n]nS 1 2 degT (S) = Y edges fS;Rg in T xSxR x[n] (6) Theorem 3. X T2Tree(Qn) qdir(T)xwt(T) = q1 qn Y A [n] jAj 2 X i2A qi x 1i + xi : Proof. As before, regard the vertex set of Qn as the power set 2[n]. Denote the symmetric di erence...

Martin, Jeremy L.; Reiner, Victor

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Template:LEDSProcessTree | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSProcessTree LEDSProcessTree Jump to: navigation, search This template generates a list of all steps within the given stage of the LEDS Process and provides easy navigation links to traverse from step to step. Edit this template to add, remove or reorder the steps for each stage in the process. Dependencies: jQuery 1.4.2 or higher. LEDSNavHelper Widget - Included automatically, this widget will render 'Previous' and 'Next' buttons to help traverse the steps defined in each stage. The buttons will only be rendered if the Template is included, the current page is one of the steps listed in the provided stage of the template, and a valid step exists either before (Previous) or after (Next) the current page within the list of steps. Parameters include: stage - the stage of the process to display

322

Autonomous models on a Cayley tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most general single species autonomous reaction-diffusion model on a Cayley tree with nearest-neighbor interactions is introduced. The stationary solutions of such models, as well as their dynamics, are discussed. To study dynamics of the system, directionally-symmetric Green function for evolution equation of average number density is obtained. In some limiting cases the Green function is studied. Some examples are worked out in more detail.

Mohammad Khorrami; Amir Aghamohammadi

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

323

Trees and Shrubs in Northwest Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for special purposes, such as avenue and yard, roadside, windbreaks, screens, hedges, background, andl foundation plantings, are given. The selection of such plantings, time of planting, preparation of and, cultivation, care, and pruning are also discussed... of the Bulletin is devoted to production of tree seedlings for extensive farm plantings and one to the use amdl value of planting wind- breaks and shelterbelts. The illustrations are, in most part, photographs of actual plantings made in the course...

Gaines, Frank; Karper, R. E. (Robert Earl); Jones, D. L. (Don L.)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Field location & marking of no-passing zones due to vertical alignments using the global positioning system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alternatives need to be developed for the safe, accurate, and efficient location of no- passing zones on two-lane roadways. This thesis addresses the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates to evaluate sight distance along the vertical profile... of roadways to provide an alternative for an automated no-passing zone location system. A system was developed that processes GPS coordinates and converts them into easting and northing values, smoothes inaccurate vertical elevation data, and evaluates...

Williams, Cameron Lee

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Ecological Street Tree: Mainstreaming the Production of Street Tree-based Ecosystem Services in Northern California Cities, 1980-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assessments, energy savings and tree replacement assessment.STF with 500,000 energy-saving trees over a 10-year periodBenefits of Trees: Watershed, Energy, and Air, Arborist

Seamans, Georgia Norma Silvera

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

327

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

328

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

329

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

330

Webinar: EISPC Energy Zones Mapping Tool Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Argonne National Laboratory has organized a webinar demonstration of the Eastern Interconnection States Planning Council (EISPC) Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free online mapping tool for identifying areas in all 39 EISPC states that may be suitable for new clean power generation. The tool is maintained by Argonne National Laboratory with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy.

331

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments The Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative has partnered with the Vadose Zone Journal to bring together a special section of the recent issue (November 2012). The section was prepared in association with the Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative-led symposium at the annual American Chemical Society meeting on "Understanding Behavior and Fate of Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments." The section consists of 12 papers which present novel approaches to characterize, monitor, remediate, and predict the transport and fate of contaminants in vadose zone environments, many of which highlight recent work at the Hanford site. Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments

332

Colloid Facilitated Transport of Radioactive Cations in the Vadose Zone: Field Experiments Oak Ridge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overarching goal of this study was to improve understanding of colloid-facilitated transport of radioactive cations through unsaturated soils and sediments. We conducted a suite of laboratory experiments and field experiments on the vadose-zone transport of colloids, organic matter, and associated contaminants of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The laboratory and field experiments, together with transport modeling, were designed to accomplish the following detailed objectives: 1. Evaluation of the relative importance of inorganic colloids and organic matter to the facilitation of radioactive cation transport in the vadose zone; 2. Assessment of the role of adsorption and desorption kinetics in the facilitated transport of radioactive cations in the vadose zone; 3. Examination of the effects of rainfall and infiltration dynamics and in the facilitated transport of radioactive cations through the vadose zone; 4. Exploration of the role of soil heterogeneity and preferential flow paths (e.g., macropores) on the facilitated transport of radioactive cations in the vadose zone; 5. Development of a mathematical model of facilitated transport of contaminants in the vadose zone that accurately incorporates pore-scale and column-scale processes with the practicality of predicting transport with readily available parameters.

James E. Saiers

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

333

Estimating Persistent Mass Flux of Volatile Contaminants from the Vadose Zone to Ground Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contaminants may persist for long time periods within low permeability portions of the vadose zone where they cannot be effectively treated and are a potential continuing source of contamination to groundwater. Setting appropriate vadose zone remediation goals requires evaluating these persistent sources in terms of their impact on meeting groundwater remediation goals. One-dimensional approaches for estimating transport of volatile contaminants in the vadose zone are considered and compared to a one-dimensional flux-continuity-based assessment of vapor-phase contaminant movement from the vadose zone to the groundwater. The flux-continuity-based assessment demonstrates that the ability of the groundwater to move contaminant away from the water table controls the vapor-phase mass flux from the vadose zone across the water table. Limitations of the one-dimensional approaches are then discussed with respect to the need for further method development and application of two- or three-dimensional numerical modeling. The carbon tetrachloride (CT) plume at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site is used as an example of a site where persistent vadose zone contamination needs to be considered in the context of groundwater remediation.

Truex, Michael J.; Oostrom, Martinus; Brusseau, Mark

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

334

Use of containment event trees for NUREG-1150  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the analysis of offsite risk for NUREG-1150, containment event trees (CETs) which are extremely large by past standards have been utilized. These CETs allow the processes that take place in the containment to be considered in much more detail than was previously possible. The CETs are evaluated by a computer code, EVNTRE, developed for this purpose. EVNTRE provides a sampling capability which allows uncertainty in the outcome to be calculated by evaluating the CET many times, with different values for the branching ratios and parameters in the CET which are uncertain. The pathways through the CET are grouped according to several attributes that provide the information required for the calculation of the source term. 11 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Breeding, R.J.; Griesmeyer, J.M.; Gregory, J.J.; Murfin, W.B.; Amos, C.N.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Saturated Zone In-Situ Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this scientific analysis is to document the results and interpretations of field experiments that have been conducted to test and validate conceptual flow and radionuclide transport models in the saturated zone (SZ) near Yucca Mountain. The test interpretations provide estimates of flow and transport parameters that are used in the development of parameter distributions for Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) calculations. These parameter distributions are documented in the revisions to the SZ flow model report (BSC 2003 [ 162649]), the SZ transport model report (BSC 2003 [ 162419]), the SZ colloid transport report (BSC 2003 [162729]), and the SZ transport model abstraction report (BSC 2003 [1648701]). Specifically, this scientific analysis report provides the following information that contributes to the assessment of the capability of the SZ to serve as a barrier for waste isolation for the Yucca Mountain repository system: (1) The bases for selection of conceptual flow and transport models in the saturated volcanics and the saturated alluvium located near Yucca Mountain. (2) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated fractured volcanics at the C-wells complex near Yucca Mountain. The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, anisotropy in hydraulic conductivity, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, matrix diffusion coefficients, fracture apertures, and colloid transport parameters. (3) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated alluvium at the Alluvium Testing Complex (ATC), which is located at the southwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, and colloid transport parameters. (4) Comparisons of sorption parameter estimates for a reactive solute tracer (lithium ion) derived from both the C-wells field tracer tests and laboratory tests using C-wells core samples. (5) Sorption parameter estimates for lithium ion derived from laboratory tests using alluvium samples from NC-EWDP-19D1 (one of the wells at the ATC) so that a comparison of laboratory- and field-derived sorption parameters can be made in saturated alluvium if cross-hole tracer tests are conducted at the ATC.

P. W. Reimus; M. J. Umari

2003-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

336

Green Business Development in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by Trees, Water, and People, this five-day course is based on the Indianpreneurship curriculum developed by Our Native Business Network. The workshop walks attendees through the process of...

337

Quicksort via Bird's Tree Fusion Transformation Tjark Weber1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the use of the disjoint product type +, a binary tree in Nuprl now is equal to either inl · or inr , B2 >, where t T and B1, B2 are binary trees. We define leaf as an abbreviation for inl ·, and node binary_tree * ABS leaf leaf == inl · * ABS node node(t,b1,b2) == inr Fig. 2. Abstractions

Caldwell, James

338

The Application of kd-tree in Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The basic idea of the kd-tree algorithm is to recursively partition a point set P by hyperplanes, and to store the obtained partitioning in a binary tree. Due to its immense popularity, many applications in astronomy have been implemented. The algorithm can been used to solve a near neighbor problem for cross-identification of huge catalogs and realize the classification of astronomical objects. Since kd-tree can speed up query and partition spaces, some approaches based on it have been applied for photometric redshift measurement. We give the case studies of kd-tree in astronomy to show its importance and performance.

Dan Gao; Yanxia Zhang; Yongheng Zhao

2008-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

339

When pollution gets a whiff of trees | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

level of atmospheric particles that occur when urban pollution, primarily from fossil fuel combustion, combines with particles emitted by natural sources, primarily trees. The...

340

Lower Bounds for the Quadratic Minimum Spanning Tree Problem ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. The Minimum Spanning Tree Problem (MSTP) is one of the most known ... munication, and energy networks, where linear costs account for the use or...

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Joshua Tree, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joshua Tree, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.134728, -116.3130661 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice...

342

A GRASP heuristic for the capacitated minimum spanning tree ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tree problem using a memory-based local search strategy. Mauricio C. ...... dade: Formulaes com ndice de nvel, Ph.D. thesis, Departamento de Estatstica e.

343

Texas Wholesale Market for Christmas Trees.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of trade. Most of the wholesale buyers indicated that representatives of tree growers or distributors car- ried out very aggressive sales programs. Sales peo- ple would contact buyers shortly-after the ~o1jdi-i~ Season to take orders for the following... Jobbers Purveyors l4 their business had remained the same. In the case of 190 00 0 13 Others 191 70 o 2 6 the service clubs, for the previous 3 years, the four National areas reported that over one-half had increased, over 30 chains 5461 70 o 619...

Sorensen, H. B. (Harold B.); Smith, W. A.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Tree Fruit Varieties in North Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Texas Cdljege Statioe, Te~as. --- e Fruit Varieties in North Texas AGRIC~TIJTUBUAIJ AND MECHANICAL COI;LEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President rree fruit varietal investigations were begun at the Wichita Valley Station with the setting of a large... variety for this section. Cherries have proved unadapted, having died from natural causes without fruiting. Peaches and plums are the most dependable tree fruits for this section. The success of either depends to a great extent on the proper selection...

Brooks, L. E. (Lester E.)

1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Hybrid zones as a tool for identifying adaptive genetic variation in outbreeding forest trees: lessons from wild annual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Present address: Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3DS, UK. Tel.: þ44 a premium on genomic diversity because of the need to adapt to a wide range of site conditions (Hamrick and Godt, 1989; Isabel et al., 1995; Hamrick and Nason, 2000). In addition to spatial and temporal niche

Rieseberg, Loren

346

Mate Choice, Genetic Variation, and Population Structure in Hybrid Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural hybrid zones provide opportunities to study a range of evolutionary phenomena from speciation to the genetic basis of fitness-related traits. Additionally, investing the structure of hybrid zones can provide valuable insight in the ecology...

Culumber, Zachary Wyatt

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

Shaping urban form without zoning: a case study of houston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Houston is the only major city in North America without zoning. The growth of Houston illustrates a traditional free market philosophy in which land use zoning is seen as a violation to private property and personal liberty. This dissertation...

Qian, Zhu

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Climate Zone Number 5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 5 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 5 is defined as Cool- Humid(5A) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 Dry(5B) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 Marine(5C) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5 climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Missouri Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, Pennsylvania Adams County, Washington Albany County, New York Allegan County, Michigan Alleghany County, North Carolina

349

Neutral zone: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the Neutral Zone between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, much in the news during the Gulf war, that returned to production in June when offshore output resumed at a rate of 100,000 bpd. By this month, offshore production should have attained near its pre-war level of 250,000 bpd. Because of war damage onshore, production will not be restarted onshore for some time. Neutral Zone oil is jointly owned by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Texaco's Getty unit operates some 900 mostly pumping wells in South Umm Gudair, Wafra and South Fawaris onshore fields. However, only about 50 were producing 130,000 bpd last August when Iraqis invaded. Japan's Arabian Oil Co. operates 165 wells-all flowing-in offshore Khafji, Hout and Lulu fields that have a maximum productive capacity of about 300,000 bpd.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Analysis of offsite emergency planning zones project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Plant maintains and uses significant nonradioactive chemically hazardous material (HAZMAT) inventories. Some of these materials are used in sufficient quantities to represent a credible risk to the offsite public in the event of an emergency at the facility. In Phase 2 of this project, the EG G Rocky Flats, Inc. and TENERA, L.P. Task Team (Task Team) produced an initial screening-level modeling analysis study and an Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ) encompassing the Vulnerable Zones (VZs) for hazardous materials stored at the facility. The screening-level analysis will be supplemented with more refined evaluations during subsequent phases of the project. The existence of these chemicals in the Rocky Flats Plant Occupational Health Information System (OHIS) chemical inventory database was verified. All liquid and gaseous chemicals were considered as potential hazardous material source terms for further screening analysis. Hazards associated with solid substances were not considered in this phase of the project. 2 figs., 13 tabs.

Petrocchi, A.J.; Armstrong, C.E. (EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant); McKinney, J.M.; Verholek, M.G.; Fraser, P.J.; Dalfonso, P.H. (TENERA, L.P., Knoxville, TN (United States))

1991-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

351

Climate Zone Number 3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number 3 Number 3 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 3 is defined as Warm - Humid(3A) with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 Dry(3B) with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 Warm - Marine(3C) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3 climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Mississippi Aiken County, South Carolina Alameda County, California Alcorn County, Mississippi Alfalfa County, Oklahoma Allendale County, South Carolina Amite County, Mississippi Anderson County, South Carolina

352

Diesel particulate filter with zoned resistive heater  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A diesel particulate filter assembly comprises a diesel particulate filter (DPF) and a heater assembly. The DPF filters a particulate from exhaust produced by an engine. The heater assembly has a first metallic layer that is applied to the DPF, a resistive layer that is applied to the first metallic layer, and a second metallic layer that is applied to the resistive layer. The second metallic layer is etched to form a plurality of zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

353

Emission Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrophosphorescent Devices Through Chemical Modification of Host Materials . Emission Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices Through Chemical...

354

Mechanical properties and fabric of the Punchbowl fault zone, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and 50 to 125'C, in the presence of pore fluids. The fault zone and surrounding rock consists of (1) the main gouge zone, separated from (2) the undeformed host-rack, by (3) an irregular zone of damaged host-rock. The subsidiary fault fabric... orientations of discrete shear surfaces within the gouge 52 14 Photographs of subsidiary faults within the damaged zone of the Punchbowl Formation. . . . . . 57 15 Photomicrographs showing the progressive increase in deformation of the Punchbowl Formation...

Chester, Frederick Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

355

ORIGINAL ARTICLE The maintenance of hybrid zones across a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE The maintenance of hybrid zones across a disturbance gradient ME Dorken and JR of genetically divergent lineages in hybrid zones can be maintained by ecological differences (dispersal-independent `ecotonal' hybrid zones), by fre- quency- and density-dependent interference when they intermingle and mate

Dorken, Marcel

356

A Study on Heat Transfer Model in Sparse Zone of Oxy-Fuel Fired CFB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model has been developed to calculate the coefficient heat transfer in sparse zone of oxy-fuel fired circulating fluidized bed boiler (CFBB). The model shows that the convective heat transfer coefficient is enhanced with increase in CO2 density, bed ...

Chunbo Wang; Weijun Hou; Wei Zhang; Guang Lu; Zhihong Huo; Jiao Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Cryogenic focal plane flatness measurement with optical zone slope Jerry Edelstein1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cryogenic focal plane flatness measurement with optical zone slope tracking Jerry Edelstein1 to determine the surface flatness of a cryogenic sensor array developed for the JDEM mission. Large focal such as JDEM, WFIRST, or EUCLID must operate at cryogenic temperatures while maintaining focal plane flatness

California at Berkeley, University of

358

Green Buildings and High Performance for Sustainability in the Urban Zones of Contemporary Arab City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development in the city. But if we take care with some important elements like equity in distributing and suitable for Housing and Services in the urban zones we could realize our liabilities for the urban progress. We means about the Green buildings its...

Ahmed, K. A.; Bakier, Z. A.

359

Introduction to the Special Section in Vadose Zone Journal: Parameter Identification and Uncertainty Assessment in the Unsaturated Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Uncertainty Assessment in the Unsaturated Zone Jasper A. Vrugt* and Shlomo P. Neuman DURING the last few

Vrugt, Jasper A.

360

Mixing Time of Critical Ising Model on Trees is Polynomial in the Height  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9(2), Mixing of Critical Ising Model on Trees 14. Domb, C. ,L.J. : Broadcasting on trees and the Ising model. Ann. Appl.the disordered state for the Ising model on general trees.

Ding, Jian; Lubetzky, Eyal; Peres, Yuval

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

In the Shadow of the Tree of Strange Fruit [Speaking of Places  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Tree of Strange Fruit Theresa Hamilton Proverbsof the Tree of Strange Fruit Speaking of Places In the earlyShadow of the Tree of Strange Fruit Speaking of Places loss

Proverbs, Theresa Hamilton

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Beyond the Generation of Leaves: The Imagery of Trees and Human Life in Homer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loses the vigorous energy of the tree and with it loses someretains the vigorous energy of the tree that keeps Odysseusthe vital energy from the living tree and channeling it into

Stein, Charles David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Random Trees, Levy Processes and Spatial Branching Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the exploration process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 0.6 Marginals of trees coded by the height process and the minimum . . . . . . . . . 20 1.2 The height process and the exploration process of continuous trees 71 3.1 Duality properties of the exploration process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 3

Le Gall, Jean-François

364

k-PROTECTED VERTICES IN BINARY SEARCH TREES MIKLOS BONA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

k-PROTECTED VERTICES IN BINARY SEARCH TREES MIKL´OS B´ONA Abstract. We show that for every k, the probability that a randomly selected vertex of a random binary search tree on n nodes is at distance k - 1. In another model, leaves may represent end-users (customers) of a company, and in that case, it may

Bona, Miklos

365

Dynamic LCA Queries on Trees # Richard Cole + Ramesh Hariharan #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic LCA Queries on Trees # Richard Cole + Ramesh Hariharan # Abstract We show how to maintain. The primary use of LCA computations in a su#x tree is to determine the longest common prefix of two substrings common ancestor of the corresponding nodes. The first constant time LCA computation algorithm was due

Cole, Richard

366

Adaptive code generators for tree coding of speech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tree coding is a promising way of obtaining good performance for medium-to-low rate speech coding. The key part of a tree coder is the code generator which consists of a short-term predictor and a long-term predictor. The best predictor designed...

Dong, Hui

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Minimum cost spanning tree problems with indierent agents Christian Trudeau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum cost spanning tree problems with indi¤erent agents Christian Trudeau Economics Department, University of Windsor November 5, 2013 Abstract We consider an extension of minimum cost spanning tree (mcst) problems where some agents do not need to be connected to the source, but might reduce the cost of others

Virginia Tech

368

Grafting Energy-Harvesting Leaves onto the Sensornet Tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grafting Energy-Harvesting Leaves onto the Sensornet Tree Lohit Yerva , Bradford Campbell , Apoorva the problem of augmenting battery-powered sen- sornet trees with energy-harvesting leaf nodes. Our results Bansal , Thomas Schmid , and Prabal Dutta Computer Science & Engineering Division Electrical

Dutta, Prabal

369

In this issue: Welcome New Forest Stewards and Tree Farmers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this issue: · Welcome New Forest Stewards and Tree Farmers · New Reporting Rules for Lump Forestry Association Annual Meeting · Landscape Mulches ­ A Potential Fire Problem? · New UF Extension Welcome New Forest Stewards and Tree Farmers For some this may be the first issue of The Florida Forest

Watson, Craig A.

370

Transporting vs^ater to the tops of trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of conduifs found in a tree is far larger and more complex than any human-constructed microfluidic system Fellow at Harvard's Arnold Arboretum. Trees can rightly be called masters of microfluidics. In the stem through plants is not exotic; rather, the application of that physics in the microfluidic wood matrix

Holbrook, N. Michele

371

Early pigmentary retinosis diagnostic based on classification trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we analyze different classification tree based techniques (CART, Bagging and Boosting), evaluating their performance with respect to their capability to reduce error rate and correct pattern classification. As a case of study we propose ... Keywords: bagging, boosting, classification and regression trees (CART), pigmentary retinosis

Vivian Sistachs Vega; Gonzalo Joya Caparrs; Miguel A. Daz Martnez

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Lecture Notes: Support Tree Preconditioners for Laplacian Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture Notes: Support Tree Preconditioners for Laplacian Matrices Stephen Guattery ICASE April 22 material to understand the intuition behind Gremban's support tree preconditioners, and his analysis from Chapters 3 and 4 of Gremban's Ph.D. thesis unless otherwise noted. 1 Goals for Preconditioners We

Guattery, Steve

373

USING TREE AUTOMATA TO INVESTIGATE INTUITIONISTIC PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USING TREE AUTOMATA TO INVESTIGATE INTUITIONISTIC PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC A Dissertation Presented'Connor ALL RIGHTS RESERVED #12;USING TREE AUTOMATA TO INVESTIGATE INTUITIONISTIC PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC Michael Kelly O'Connor, Ph.D. Cornell University 2008 Intuitionistic logic is an important variant of classical

Shore, Richard A.

374

PONDY PAPERS IN ECOLOGY TREE ARCHITECTURE AND FOREST DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PONDY PAPERS IN ECOLOGY MODELLING TREE ARCHITECTURE AND FOREST DYNAMICS A RESEARCH PROJECT s de P o n d i c h é r y Modelling tree architecture and forest dynamics A research project. Muriel Durand is a Ph.D. student with both the Institut français de Pondichéry and the CIRAD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

375

The Hull-White Model: Calibration with Irregular Trinomial Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hull-White Model: Calibration with Irregular Trinomial Trees · The previous calibration of the tree's irregular shape. c 2011 Prof. Yuh-Dauh Lyuu, National Taiwan University Page 1019 #12;The Hull-White the spot rates exactly. c 2011 Prof. Yuh-Dauh Lyuu, National Taiwan University Page 1020 #12;The Hull-White

Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

376

Steiner Minimal Trees, Twist Angles, and the Protein Folding Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steiner Minimal Trees, Twist Angles, and the Protein Folding Problem J. MacGregor Smith, Yunho Jang. These properties should be ultimately useful in the ab ini- tio protein folding prediction. Proteins 2007;66:889­ 902. VVC 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Key words: Steiner trees; twist angles; protein fold- ing; side chain

Smith, J. MacGregor

377

Carbon and nitrogen allocation in trees R.E. Dickson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon and nitrogen allocation in trees R.E. Dickson USDA-Forest Service, NCFES, Rhinelander, WI, U.S.A. Introduction Growth of trees and all plants depends up- on maintaining a positive carbon balance despite to multiple environ- mental stresses (Chapin et aL, 1987; Osmond et al., 1987). Light, carbon, water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

378

The prize-collecting generalized minimum spanning tree problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce the prize-collecting generalized minimum spanning tree problem. In this problem a network of node clusters needs to be connected via a tree architecture using exactly one node per cluster. Nodes in each cluster compete by offering a payment ... Keywords: Branch-and-cut, Genetic algorithms, Heuristics, Local search, Networks

Bruce Golden; S. Raghavan; Daliborka Stanojevi?

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

XML Transformation by Tree-Walking Transducers with Invisible Pebbles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XML Transformation by Tree-Walking Transducers with Invisible Pebbles Joost Engelfriet Hendrik Jan and the pebble tree transducer are enhanced by additionally allowing an unbounded num- ber of `invisible' pebbles patterns can often be reduced through the use of invisible pebbles. Categories and Subject Descriptors: F.4

Engelfriet, Joost

380

Tree Harvest in an Experimental Sand Ecosystem: Plant Effects on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine how trees affect the behavior of these nutrients in soil water, both during growth and afterTree Harvest in an Experimental Sand Ecosystem: Plant Effects on Nutrient Dynamics and Solute Sciences/US Department of Agriculture, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA; 4 USDA

Vermont, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Teleseismic-Seismic_Monitoring_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2009)&oldid=425640"

382

Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Minnesota's Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative state and local tax incentives to qualified companies that expand or relocate in targeted areas outside the Twin Cities metropolitan area. There are ten job zones with opportunities for manufacturing, value-added, or high-wage service businesses in over 300 communities. Qualifying businesses may be eligible for corporate franchise tax exemptions, income tax exemptions for

383

Yucca Mountain Area Saturated Zone Dissolved Organic Carbon Isotopic Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater samples in the Yucca Mountain area were collected for chemical and isotopic analyses and measurements of water temperature, pH, specific conductivity, and alkalinity were obtained at the well or spring at the time of sampling. For this project, groundwater samples were analyzed for major-ion chemistry, deuterium, oxygen-18, and carbon isotopes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) performed all the fieldwork on this project including measurement of water chemistry field parameters and sample collection. The major ions dissolved in the groundwater, deuterium, oxygen-18, and carbon isotopes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) were analyzed by the USGS. All preparation and processing of samples for DOC carbon isotopic analyses and geochemical modeling were performed by the Desert Research Institute (DRI). Analysis of the DOC carbon dioxide gas produced at DRI to obtain carbon-13 and carbon-14 values was conducted at the University of Arizona Accelerator Facility (a NSHE Yucca Mountain project QA qualified contract facility). The major-ion chemistry, deuterium, oxygen-18, and carbon isotopes of DIC were used in geochemical modeling (NETPATH) to determine groundwater sources, flow paths, mixing, and ages. The carbon isotopes of DOC were used to calculate groundwater ages that are independent of DIC model corrected carbon-14 ages. The DIC model corrected carbon-14 calculated ages were used to evaluate groundwater travel times for mixtures of water including water beneath Yucca Mountain. When possible, groundwater travel times were calculated for groundwater flow from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient sample sites. DOC carbon-14 groundwater ages were also calculated for groundwaters in the Yucca Mountain area. When possible, groundwater travel times were estimated for groundwater flow from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient groundwater sample sites using the DOC calculated groundwater ages. The DIC calculated groundwater ages were compared with DOC calculated groundwater ages and both of these ages were compared to travel times developed in ground-water flow and transport models. If nuclear waste is stored in Yucca Mountain, the saturated zone is the final barrier against the release of radionuclides to the environment. The most recent rendition of the TSPA takes little credit for the presence of the saturated zone and is a testament to the inadequate understanding of this important barrier. If radionuclides reach the saturated zone beneath Yucca Mountain, then there is a travel time before they would leave the Yucca Mountain area and flow down gradient to the Amargosa Valley area. Knowing how long it takes groundwater in the saturated zone to flow from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient areas is critical information for potential radionuclide transport. Radionuclide transport in groundwater may be the quickest pathway for radionuclides in the proposed Yucca Mountain repository to reach land surface by way of groundwater pumped in Amargosa Valley. An alternative approach to ground-water flow and transport models to determine the travel time of radionuclides from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient areas in the saturated zone is by carbon-14 dating of both inorganic and organic carbon dissolved in the groundwater. A standard method of determining ground-water ages is to measure the carbon-13 and carbon-14 of DIC in the groundwater and then correct the measured carbon-14 along a flow path for geochemical reactions that involve carbon containing phases. These geochemical reactions are constrained by carbon-13 and isotopic fractionations. Without correcting for geochemical reactions, the ground-water ages calculated from only the differences in carbon-14 measured along a flow path (assuming the decrease in carbon-14 is due strictly to radioactive decay) could be tens of thousands of years too old. The computer program NETPATH, developed by the USGS, is the best geochemical program for correcting carbon-14 activities for geochemical r

Thomas, James; Decker, David; Patterson, Gary; Peterman, Zell; Mihevc, Todd; Larsen, Jessica; Hershey, Ronald

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

384

Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley Caldera, Eastern California, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley Caldera, Eastern California, Usa Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A survey of diffuse CO2 efflux, soil temperature and soil-gas chemistry over areas of localized vegetation-kill on and around the resurgent dome of Long Valley caldera California was performed to evaluate the premise that gaseous and thermal anomalies are related to renewed intrusion of magma. Some kill sites are long-lived features and others have developed in the past few years. Total anomalous CO2 emissions from the

385

Final text of the African nuclear-weapon-free zone treaty  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In early 1996, African leaders will travel to Cairo, Egypt, to sign the African nuclear-weapon-free zone treaty, capping African countries` 35-year effort to ban all such weapons on the continent. Informally called the Pelindaba Treaty (ironically, the site of the South African nuclear research center where some of Pretoria`s nuclear weapons work was conducted), the accord will prohibit the development, manufacture, acquisition or possession of any nuclear explosive device as well as the dumping of radioactive material within the zone. Once it enters into force-after the 28th state deposits its instrument of ratification-Africa will become the world`s fourth nuclear-weapon-free zone. The treaty`s final text is printed provided.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Seismic monitoring of the growth of a hydraulic fracture zone at Fenton Hill, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydraulic fracturing technique is an important method for enhancing hydrocarbon recovery, geothermal energy extraction, and solid waste disposal. Determination of the geometry and growth process of a hydraulic fracture zone is important for monitoring and assessing subsurface fractures. A relative-source-location approach, based on a waveform correlation and a grid search method, has been developed to estimate relative hypocenter locations for a cluster of 157 microearthquakes induced by hydraulic fracturing at the Los Alamos Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal site. Among the 157 events, 147 microearthquakes occurred in a tight cluster with a dimension of 40 m, roughly defining a vertical hydraulic fracture zone with an orientation of N40{degree}W. The length, height, and width of the hydraulic fracture zone are estimated to be 40, 35, and 5 m, respectively. Analysis of the spatial-temporal pattern of the induced microearthquakes reveals that the fracture zone grew significantly, averaging 0.2m/ minute in a two-hour period toward the northwest along the fracture zone strike.

Li, Y.; Cheng, C.H.; Toksoez, M.N. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)] [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Modeling the cathode compartment of polymer electrolyte fuel cells: Dead and active reaction zones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two-dimensional model of the cathode compartment of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell has been developed. The existence of gas channels in the current collector is taken into account. The model is based on continuity equations for concentrations of the gases and Poisson's equations for potentials of membrane and carbon phase, coupled by Tafel relation for reaction kinetics. Stefan-Maxwell and Knudsen diffusion of gases are taken into account. The simulations were performed for high and low values of carbon phase conductivity. The results revealed (i) for a low value of carbon phase conductivity, a dead zone in the active layer in front of the gas channel is formed, where the reaction rate is small. The catalyst may be removed from this zone without significant loss in cell performance; (ii) For a high carbon phase conductivity value, such a zone is absent, but removal of the catalyst from the same part of the active layer forces the reaction to proceed more rapidly in the remaining parts, with only marginal losses in performance. This conclusion is valid for high diffusivity of oxygen. For low diffusivity, dead zones are formed in front of the current collector, so that catalyst can be removed from these zones. The results, thus, show the possibilities for a considerable reduction of the amount of catalyst.

Kulikovsky, A.A.; Divisek, J.; Kornyshev, A.A.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Parallel session 1b: Promoting green networks and human wellbeing 73 Exploring the role of street trees in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

benefits associated with green spaces and street trees, the building blocks of green networks and stakeholder engagement is required for the effective and sustainable implementation of urban greening initiatives, such as the development of green networks. This paper examines the potential relationships

389

Office of Legacy Management Decision Tree for Solar Photovoltaic Projects - 13317  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To support consideration of renewable energy power development as a land reuse option, the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) established a partnership to conduct an assessment of wind and solar renewable energy resources on LM lands. From a solar capacity perspective, the larger sites in the western United States present opportunities for constructing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects. A detailed analysis and preliminary plan was developed for three large sites in New Mexico, assessing the costs, the conceptual layout of a PV system, and the electric utility interconnection process. As a result of the study, a 1,214-hectare (3,000-acre) site near Grants, New Mexico, was chosen for further study. The state incentives, utility connection process, and transmission line capacity were key factors in assessing the feasibility of the project. LM's Durango, Colorado, Disposal Site was also chosen for consideration because the uranium mill tailings disposal cell is on a hillside facing south, transmission lines cross the property, and the community was very supportive of the project. LM worked with the regulators to demonstrate that the disposal cell's long-term performance would not be impacted by the installation of a PV solar system. A number of LM-unique issues were resolved in making the site available for a private party to lease a portion of the site for a solar PV project. A lease was awarded in September 2012. Using a solar decision tree that was developed and launched by the EPA and NREL, LM has modified and expanded the decision tree structure to address the unique aspects and challenges faced by LM on its multiple sites. The LM solar decision tree covers factors such as land ownership, usable acreage, financial viability of the project, stakeholder involvement, and transmission line capacity. As additional sites are transferred to LM in the future, the decision tree will assist in determining whether a solar PV project is feasible on the new sites. (authors)

Elmer, John; Butherus, Michael [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States)] [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States); Barr, Deborah L. [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments April 11, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ-AFRI) partnered with the Vadose Zone Journal to create a special section of the journal's November 2012 issue. DVZ-AFRI conducted a symposium at the annual American Chemical Society meeting on "Understanding Behavior and Fate of Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments." They produced 12 papers that present novel approaches to characterize, monitor, remediate and predict the transport and fate of contaminants in vadose zone environments, many of which highlight recent work at the Hanford site. The publications can be accessed here. For more information, contact Skip Chamberlain with the EM's Office of Soil

391

Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Walker-Lane Transition Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Details Areas (37) Power Plants (15) Projects (10) Techniques (30) Map: {{{Name}}} The northern Walker Lane (NWL) is a structurally complex zone of transition between the Sierra Nevada/Great Valley microplate and the Basin and Range Province. It is a major right-lateral shear zone which has been defined on both physiographic and geologic grounds Evidence from seismic and geologic studies together indicate that this 100 km wide zone is actively deforming and accommodates 20% of the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. Block modeling of crustal deformation of the northern

392

13 Red-Black Trees Chapter 12 showed that a binary search tree of height h can support any of the basic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 Red-Black Trees Chapter 12 showed that a binary search tree of height h can support any height is large, however, the set operations may run no faster than with a linked list. Red-black trees-set operations take O.lg n/ time in the worst case. 13.1 Properties of red-black trees A red-black tree

393

Advanced Remedial Methods for Metals and Radionuclides in Vadose Zone Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Functionally, the methods for addressing contamination must remove and/or reduce transport or toxicity of contaminants. This problem is particularly challenging in arid environments where the vadose zone can be up to hundreds of feet thick, rendering transitional excavation methods exceedingly costly and ineffective. Delivery of remedial amendments is one of the most challenging and critical aspects for all remedy-based approaches. The conventional approach for delivery is through injection of aqueous remedial solutions. However, heterogeneous vadose zone environments present hydrologic and geochemical challenges that limit the effectiveness. Because the flow of solution infiltration is dominantly controlled by gravity and suction, injected liquid preferentially percolates through highly permeable pathways, by-passing low-permeability zones which frequently contain the majority of the contamination. Moreover, the wetting front can readily mobilize and enhance contaminant transport to underlying aquifers prior to stabilization. Development of innovative, in-situ technologies may be the only way to meet remedial action objectives and long-term stewardship goals. Shear-thinning fluids (i.e., surfactants) can be used to lower the liquid surface tension and create stabile foams, which readily penetrate low permeability zones. Although surfactant foams have been utilized for subsurface mobilization efforts in the oil and gas industry, so far, the concept of using foams as a delivery mechanism for transporting reactive remedial amendments into deep vadose zone environments to stabilize metal and long-lived radionuclide contaminants has not been explored. Foam flow can be directed by pressure gradients, rather than being dominated by gravity; and, foam delivery mechanisms limit the volume of water (< 20% vol.) required for remedy delivery and emplacement, thus mitigating contaminant mobilization. We will present the results of a numerical modeling and integrated laboratory-/ intermediate-scale investigation to simulate, develop, demonstrate, and monitor (i.e. advanced geophysical techniques and advanced predictive biomarkers) foam-based delivery of remedial amendments to remediate metals and radionuclides in vadose zone environments.

Wellman, Dawn M.; Mattigod, Shas V.; Hubbard, Susan; Miracle, Ann L.; Zhong, Lirong; Foote, Martin; Wu, Yuxin; Jansik, Danielle P.

2010-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult forest trees Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grow? Fire... ), and tree density in western forests. These changes have altered the small scale (microsite) conditions... that affect the ability of tree seedlings to...

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - amazonian floodplain trees Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on the regeneration of trees in mature floodplain forests in southeastern Peru. Ph. D. Dissertation. University... of tree species in upper Amazonian terra firme ......

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternifolia tea tree Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in local populations of Neotropical trees, genetic studies based... ), a Neotropical tree species recently listed as endangered in CITES which is ... Source: Bermingham,...

397

Climate Zone Subtype A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subtype A Subtype A Jump to: navigation, search Moist (A) definition-Locations that are not marine and not dry. The following places are categorized as subtype A climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Acadia Parish, Louisiana Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Kentucky Adair County, Missouri Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Mississippi Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Ohio Adams County, Pennsylvania Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Aiken County, South Carolina Aitkin County, Minnesota Alachua County, Florida Alamance County, North Carolina Albany County, New York Albemarle County, Virginia Alcona County, Michigan Alcorn County, Mississippi

398

Analysis of offsite Emergency Planning Zones for Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this quality assurance program was to ensure the quality and technical adequacy of Phase 2 of the Analysis of Offsite Emergency Planning Zones (EPZ) for the Rocky Flats Plant project. Quality assurance was accomplished by managing and controlling the processes in the development of the product. The quality assurance task team conducted audits, reviews, and surveillances of project and related activities. This process contributed to identifying areas where the quality assurance plan was not fully implemented, areas needing improvement, and/or corrective actions resulting in a improved product. During the reviews and audits, several key areas were identified where quality assurance plan implementation needed to be improved. These areas included maintaining adequate documentation, reviewing technical results, making inputs traceable to technical results, and understanding that all personnel are responsible for quality.

Inger, J.R. (TENERA, L.P., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Brown-Strattan, M.A. (EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Shear Transformation Zones: State Determined or Protocol Dependent?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of a Shear Transformation Zone (STZ) refers to a region in an amorphous solid that undergoes a plastic event when the material is put under an external mechanical load. An important question that had accompanied the development of the theory of plasticity in amorphous solids for many years now is whether an STZ is a {\\em region} existing in the material (which can be predicted by analyzing the unloaded material), or is it an {\\em event} that depends on the loading protocol (i.e., the event cannot be predicted without following the protocol itself). In this Letter we present strong evidence that the latter is the case. Infinitesimal changes of protocol result in macroscopically big jumps in the positions of plastic events, meaning that these can never be predicted from considering the unloaded material.

Oleg Gendelman; Prabhat K. Jaiswal; Itamar Procaccia; Bhaskar Sen Gupta; Jacques Zylberg

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

400

Field evidence for strong chemical separation of contaminants in the Hanford Vadose Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical Transport in the Hanford vadose zone Conrad et al.Chemical Transport in the Hanford vadose zone Conrad et al.Vadose Zone Pore Fluids at Hanford, Washington: Vadose Zone

Conrad, Mark E.; DePaolo, Donald J.; Maher, Katharine; Gee, Glendon W.; Ward, Anderson L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Decision tree for adjuvant right ventricular support in patients receiving a left ventricular assist device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Right ventricular (RV) failure is a significant complication after implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). It is therefore important to identify patients at risk a priori. However, prognostic models derived from multivariate analyses have had limited predictive power. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed the records of 183 LVAD recipients between May 1996 and October 2009; of these, 27 later required a RVAD (RVAD+) and 156 remained on LVAD only (RVAD?) until transplant or death. A decision tree model was constructed to represent combinatorial non-linear relationships of the pre-operative data that are predictive of the need for RVAD support. Results An optimal set of 8 pre-operative variables were identified: transpulmonary gradient, age, right atrial pressure, international normalized ratio, heart rate, white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, and the number of inotropic agents. The resultant decision tree, which consisted of 28 branches and 15 leaves, identified RVAD+ patients with 85% sensitivity, RVAD? patients with 83% specificity, and exhibited an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.87. Conclusions The decision tree model developed in this study exhibited several advantages compared with existing risk scores. Quantitatively, it provided improved prognosis of RV support by encoding the non-linear, synergic interactions among pre-operative variables. Because of its intuitive structure, it more closely mimics clinical reasoning and therefore can be more readily interpreted. Further development with additional multicenter, longitudinal data may provide a valuable prognostic tool for triage of LVAD therapy and, potentially, improve outcomes.

Yajuan Wang; Marc A. Simon; Pramod Bonde; Bronwyn U. Harris; Jeffrey J. Teuteberg; Robert L. Kormos; James F. Antaki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Dynamic trees can aid in performance tuning of scientific codes | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trees can aid in performance tuning of scientific codes trees can aid in performance tuning of scientific codes July 16, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint The term "heterogeneous computers" generally refers to the growing complexity and diversity of modern computers. These include hybrid CPU-GPU, CPU-accelerator, many-core systems, and other novel architectures. Such systems make "portability" of scientific computing codes increasingly difficult, since a tremendous amount of developer-hours is required to achieve high performance on each new class or type of computer. Getting this performance "just right" on a new machine is called performance tuning. Researchers from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, together with Stefan Wild, an assistant computational mathematician in the

403

Double Seismic Zone for Deep Earthquakes in the Izu-Bonin Subduction Zone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...SEISMIC ZONE BENEATH THE SOUTHERN KANTO-DISTRICT, JAPAN, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID...epicenters Far East focal mechanism focus geothermal gradient Izu-Bonin Arc Japan layered...Widiasmoro 40Ar/39Ar laser-incremental heating of hornblende separated from pumice recovered...

Takashi Iidaka; Yoshitsugu Furukawa

1994-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

404

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up November 10, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Iowa non-profit will plant 2,500 trees to encourage energy efficiency Using nearly $160,000 in State Energy Program funding through the Recovery Act Large shade trees can lower cooling bills by up to 30 percent

405

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up November 10, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Iowa non-profit will plant 2,500 trees to encourage energy efficiency Using nearly $160,000 in State Energy Program funding through the Recovery Act Large shade trees can lower cooling bills by up to 30 percent

406

Dendrochronology and heavy metal depsosition in tree rings of baldcypress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A chronology (1895-present) based on tree-ring increments was constructed for baldcypress (Taxodium distichum L.) trees in Bayou Trepagnier, in southern Louisiana. The best indicator of growth was precipitation in February of the preceding year and October of the 2 previous years. Crossdated cores were used to reconstruct large historical natural environmental perturbations (hurricanes). Heavy metals and organic pollutants from oil refineries and other sources contaminated the bayou commencing in the early 1900s. The Pb and Zn content of 50 trees along Bayou Trepagnier, analyzed in the growth rings of tree cores using x-ray fluorescent spectrometry, produced an historical record of pollution. Highlevels of contamination of Pb, as well as Zn, could be correlated with establishment of petroleum refineries (1916) and dredging (1930-1950) of the area, which created spoil banks containing high levels (ca. 300-1600 mg/kg [ppm] Pb) of heavy metals. Concentrations of Pb, per tree, ranged form 0.6 to 14 mg/kg (ppm). Trees in the upper protion of the bayou (near the refiney) contained an average of 4.5 mg/kg (ppm) Pb; trees in the lower portion averaged 2.2 mg/kg (ppm). Concentrations of Zn per tree ranged from 1.7 to 14.8 mg/kg (ppm), but in contrast with Pb did not correlate with distance from pollution sources; trees averaged 5.5 and 5.4 mg/kg (ppm) Zn in the upper and lower portions, respectively, of Bayou Trepagnier. Levels of Pb and Zn in a control ecosystem, Stinking Bayou, were 1.0 and 5.2 mg/kg (ppm), respectively. 39 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Latimer, S.D.; Ellgaard, E.G.; Kumar, S.D. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States)] [and others

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Fault-tree construction and calculations on a microcomputer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 17 - Program Overview Screen Figure 18 ? Main Menu Screen Figure 19 ? Invalid Command Screen Figure 20 - First Usage of Disk Screen Figure 21 ? Fault-tree Name Screen Figure 22 - Invalid Fault-tree Name Screen Fi gure 23 ? TOP EVENT Label... to do? Fi gure 19. Inval i d Command Screen 53 CREATE - This command allows the user to build a new fault tree. After a CREATE command is entered, the system wi 1 1 display the screen in Figure 20. This question is asked in order to determine...

Beckmann, Jeffery Linn

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

City of Los Angeles - Zoning Code | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Zoning Code Zoning Code City of Los Angeles - Zoning Code < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Chapter I of Los Angeles' Municipal Code, Height of Building or Structures, provides an exemption for solar energy devices, or similar structures. They may be erected above the height limit specified in the district in which the property is located. In all zones, solar devices may exceed the roof surface by 3 feet even if the roof surface is at or above the allowable building height limit. In all zones except R1 and more restrictive zones,

409

City of Austin - Zoning Code | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

City of Austin - Zoning Code City of Austin - Zoning Code City of Austin - Zoning Code < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Other Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Texas Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy The Zoning Code (Chapter 25-2) of the Austin City Code provides a height limitation exemption for solar installations. Solar installations may exceed the zoning district height limit by 15% or the amount necessary to comply with a federal or state regulation, whichever is greater. The Zoning Code also allows for preservation plan in historic districts to incorporate sustainability measures such as solar technologies and other energy

410

Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance < Back Eligibility Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Iowa Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Iowa League of Cities In May 2009, the Iowa legislature created the Small Wind Innovation Zone Program, which allows any city, county, or other political subdivision to create small wind innovation zones that promote small wind production. In order to qualify for the designation, the city must adopt the Small Wind Innovation Zone Model Ordinance and also establish an expedited approval process for small wind energy systems. System owners must also enter into a

411

Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region Transition Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Details Areas (37) Power Plants (15) Projects (10) Techniques (30) Map: {{{Name}}} The northern Walker Lane (NWL) is a structurally complex zone of transition between the Sierra Nevada/Great Valley microplate and the Basin and Range Province. It is a major right-lateral shear zone which has been defined on both physiographic and geologic grounds Evidence from seismic and geologic studies together indicate that this 100 km wide zone is actively deforming and accommodates 20% of the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. Block modeling of crustal deformation of the northern Walker Lane and Basin and Range from GPS velocities[1]

412

Economic Development Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin) Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin) Economic Development Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Wind Solar Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation The Economic Development Tax Credit (ETC) program was enacted in 2009 and eliminated five existing tax credit programs (Agricultural Development Zones, Airport Development Zones, Community Development Zones, Enterprise

413

Climate Zone Number 6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6 is defined as 6 is defined as Cold - Humid(6A) with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 Dry(6B) with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6 climate zones: Adams County, Idaho Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alcona County, Michigan Alger County, Michigan Allamakee County, Iowa Allegany County, New York Alpena County, Michigan Alpine County, California Androscoggin County, Maine Anoka County, Minnesota Antrim County, Michigan Archuleta County, Colorado Arenac County, Michigan Aurora County, South Dakota Bannock County, Idaho Barron County, Wisconsin Beadle County, South Dakota

414

Climate Zone Subtype B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search Dry (B) definition-Locations meeting the following criteria: not marine and P < 0.44 × (T - 19.5) [I-P units] P < 2.0 × (T + 7) [SI units] where P = annual precipitation in inches (cm) and T = annual mean temperature in °F (°C). The following places are categorized as subtype B climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Idaho Adams County, Washington Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alpine County, California Amador County, California Andrews County, Texas Apache County, Arizona Arapahoe County, Colorado Archuleta County, Colorado Armstrong County, Texas Asotin County, Washington Baca County, Colorado Bailey County, Texas Baker County, Oregon Bandera County, Texas Bannock County, Idaho

415

SITE-SCALE SATURATED ZONE TRANSPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work provides a site-scale transport model for calculating radionuclide transport in the saturated zone (SZ) at Yucca Mountain, for use in the abstractions model in support of ''Total System Performance Assessment for License Application'' (TSPA-LA). The purpose of this model report is to provide documentation for the components of the site-scale SZ transport model in accordance with administrative procedure AP-SIII.10Q, Models. The initial documentation of this model report was conducted under the ''Technical Work Plan For: Saturated Zone Flow and Transport Modeling and Testing'' (BSC 2003 [DIRS 163965]). The model report has been revised in accordance with the ''Technical Work Plan For: Natural System--Saturated Zone Analysis and Model Report Integration'', Section 2.1.1.4 (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171421]) to incorporate Regulatory Integration Team comments. All activities listed in the technical work plan that are appropriate to the transport model are documented in this report and are described in Section 2.1.1.4 (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171421]). This report documents: (1) the advection-dispersion transport model including matrix diffusion (Sections 6.3 and 6.4); (2) a description and validation of the transport model (Sections 6.3 and 7); (3) the numerical methods for simulating radionuclide transport (Section 6.4); (4) the parameters (sorption coefficient, Kd ) and their uncertainty distributions used for modeling radionuclide sorption (Appendices A and C); (5) the parameters used for modeling colloid-facilitated radionuclide transport (Table 4-1, Section 6.4.2.6, and Appendix B); and (6) alternative conceptual models and their dispositions (Section 6.6). The intended use of this model is to simulate transport in saturated fractured porous rock (double porosity) and alluvium. The particle-tracking method of simulating radionuclide transport is incorporated in the finite-volume heat and mass transfer numerical analysis (FEHM) computer code, (FEHM V2.20, STN: 10086-2.20-00) (LANL 2003 [DIRS 161725]) and is described in Section 6.4 of this report. FEHM is a three-dimensional (3-D), finite-volume, finite-element, heat and mass flow-and-transport code. This report documents the features and capabilities of the site-scale transport model for calculating radionuclide transport in the SZ at Yucca Mountain in support of the TSPA-LA. Correlative flow-model calculations using FEHM are carried out and documented in the model report ''Saturated Zone Site-Scale Flow Model'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170037]). The velocity fields are calculated by the flow model independent of the transport processes and supplied as a part of the output package from the flow model, which is then used as inputs to the transport model. Several SZ analysis model reports provide information and data needed as feed-ins for this report, and this report in turn provides technical product outputs that feed into other SZ reports. The details of inputs to the site-scale transport model are provided in Section 4.

S. KELLER

2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

416

Climate Zone Subtype C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search Marine (C) definition-Locations meeting all four criteria: 1. Mean temperature of coldest month between 27°F (-3°C) and 65°F (18°C) 2. Warmest month mean < 72°F (22°C) 3. At least four months with mean temperatures over 50°F (10°C) 4. Dry season in summer. The month with the heaviest precipitation in the cold season has at least three times as much precipitation as the month with the least precipitation in the rest of the year. The cold season is October through March in the Northern Hemisphere and April through September in the Southern Hemisphere. The following places are categorized as subtype C climate zones: Alameda County, California Benton County, Oregon Clackamas County, Oregon Clallam County, Washington Clark County, Washington

417

Climate Zone Number 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 is defined as 2 is defined as Hot - Humid(2A) with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 Dry(2B) with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2 climate zones: Acadia Parish, Louisiana Alachua County, Florida Allen Parish, Louisiana Anderson County, Texas Angelina County, Texas Appling County, Georgia Aransas County, Texas Ascension Parish, Louisiana Assumption Parish, Louisiana Atascosa County, Texas Atkinson County, Georgia Austin County, Texas Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana Bacon County, Georgia Baker County, Florida Baker County, Georgia Baldwin County, Alabama Bandera County, Texas Bastrop County, Texas Bay County, Florida Beauregard Parish, Louisiana Bee County, Texas

418

Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection The Mandatory Shoreline Zoning Act functions as a directive for

419

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Minneapolis, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly...

420

Microbial metatranscriptomics in a permanent marine oxygen minimum zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simultaneous characterization of taxonomic composition, metabolic gene content and gene expression in marine oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) has potential to broaden perspectives on the microbial and biogeochemical dynamics ...

Stewart, Frank J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Microconvection effects at double?diffusive gradient zone boundaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microconvection in double?diffusive gradient zones is predicted to occur near the zone boundaries because of effects of boundary undulation and temperature modulation caused by impinging thermals in adjacent convecting zones. The equations that govern convective motion in a double?diffusive horizontal slab are solved for boundary conditions that incorporate these effects. Solution of these equations predicts a weakened salinity gradient near the gradient zone boundary between the rising thermals. When the salinity gradient is too weak instability occurs taking the form of descending plumes which are seen in experiments.

John R. Hull; Yojana Katti

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2)...

423

Field Mapping At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Shevenell...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shevenell, Et Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Shevenell, Et...

424

East Tennessee Technology Park Zones 1 and 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document explains the cleanup activities and any use limitations for the land surrounding the East Tennessee Technology Parks Zones 1 and 2.

425

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005...

426

Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Construction Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Enterprise Zone Training/Technical Assistance Provider South Carolina Department of Commerce The Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program is a discretionary incentive that helps existing industries maintain their competitive edge and retain their existing workforce by allowing them to claim a Retraining Credit for existing production employees. If approved for the Enterprise Zone

427

Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Florida Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Florida Department of Economic Opportunity In the 2009 Legislative Session, the Florida Legislature established the

428

Production from multiple zones of a tar sands formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation. Fluids are produced from the formation through at least one production well that is located in at least two zones in the formation. The first zone has an initial permeability of at least 1 darcy. The second zone has an initial of at most 0.1 darcy. The two zones are separated by a substantially impermeable barrier.

Karanikas, John Michael; Vinegar, Harold J

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

Cost-Sensitive Decision Trees with Pre-pruning , Zhihua Cai1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost-Sensitive Decision Trees with Pre-pruning Jun Du1 , Zhihua Cai1,2 , and Charles X. Ling2 1 for the cost-sensitive decision tree algorithm to avoid over- fitting. One is to limit the cost study shows that, compared to the error-based tree algorithm C4.5 and several other cost-sensitive tree

Matwin, Stan

430

Convergent Decomposition Solvers for Tree-reweighted Free Energies Jeremy Jancsary Gerald Matz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convergent Decomposition Solvers for Tree-reweighted Free Energies Jeremy Jancsary Gerald Matz of tree- reweighted free energies for the purpose of obtaining approximate marginal probabil- ities efficient for tree-reweighted energies arising from a small number of spanning trees. While this assumption

431

An Efficient Query Tree Protocol for RFID Tag Anti-Collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Efficient Query Tree Protocol for RFID Tag Anti-Collision Ming-Kuei Yeh National Taipei Query Tree (EQT) protocol to improve both the Query Tree (QT) protocol and the Collision Tree (CT and the energy consumption is lessened. In the EQT protocol, the timeslots structure, the query and responses

Jiang, Jehn-Ruey

432

A Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing Protocol for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing Protocol for Sensor Networks H. Yang, F. Ye and B. Sikdar a "Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing" (DQEB) protocol to dynamically adjust the tree structure and minimize networks. In [15] it has been shown that the minimum- energy broadcast tree problem is NP

Sikdar, Biplab

433

A Survey of Parallel and Distributed Algorithms for the Steiner Tree Problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given a set of input points, the Steiner Tree Problem (STP) is to find a minimum-length tree that connects the input points, where it is possible to add new points to minimize the length of the tree. Solving the STP is of great importance since it is ... Keywords: Applications, Distributed computing, Optimization, Parallel computing, Steiner tree, Survey

Mitja Bezenek, Borut Robi?

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Internal respiration of Amazon tree stems greatly exceeds external CO2 efflux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For trees with a pH below 5.0 (trees #4 and #9), this issueassumption for a tree with a xylem pH below 5.0). Based onmissing CO 2 . For trees with a higher pH, additional C can

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Changes in Soil Quality Due to Grazing and Oak Tree Removal in California Blue Oak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigated (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, pH) within 5 to 15 years following tree removal. Following treeChanges in Soil Quality Due to Grazing and Oak Tree Removal in California Blue Oak Woodlands1 Trina of grazing and oak tree removal on soil quality and fertility were examined in a blue oak (Quercus douglasii

Standiford, Richard B.

436

DIAGONALIZING THE GENOME I: NAVIGATION IN TREE SPACES SATYAN L. DEVADOSS AND JACK MORAVA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this paper summarize work of Billera, Holmes, and Vogtmann on spaces of abstract metric treesDIAGONALIZING THE GENOME I: NAVIGATION IN TREE SPACES SATYAN L. DEVADOSS AND JACK MORAVA Abstract trees. The resolution maps planar metric trees to their underlying abstract representatives, collapsing

Devadoss, Satyan

437

Design of a tree root ball transporting device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tree root balls from nurseries are often too heavy for one or two people to lift and plant, but powerful machinery can be expensive for small landscaping organizations or the weekend home gardener. This thesis intends to ...

Grossman, Christopher (Christopher M.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A Magnetic Retrieval System for Stents in the Pancreaticobiliary Tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clinical endoscopic intervention of the pancreaticobiliary tree [endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)] often concludes with the insertion of a temporary plastic stent to reduce the risk of post-ERCP ...

Cantillon-Murphy, Padraig

439

Microsoft Word - Appendix M_ContingencyTrees.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Plan U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. S0079000 July 2005 Page M-4 Figure M-2. Decision Tree for Objective 1 Data U.S. Department of Energy Weldon Spring Site LTS&M Plan July...

440

Consistent and efficient reconstruction of latent tree models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the problem of learning a latent tree graphical model where samples are available only from a subset of variables. We propose two consistent and computationally efficient algorithms for learning minimal latent ...

Choi, Myung Jin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Street Trees, Overhead Utlitly Distribution, and Physical Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Street Trees, Overhead Utlitly Distribution, and Physical Infrastructure: Design Implictions of overhead lines for electric transmission to the customer is common in most communities, and is most likely and mission Research and Responsibilities Design considerations Ecological Considerations Budgeting

Schweik, Charles M.

442

London Plugs in fuel cell for Christmas tree lights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For a week in early December, the lights on the famous Christmas tree in London's Trafalgar Square were powered using a hydrogen fuel cell the first time fuel cell technology has been used in this way anywhere in Europe.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Solving Steiner Tree Problems in Graphs with Lagrangian Relaxation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an algorithm to obtain near optimal solutions for the Steiner tree problem in graphs. It is based on a Lagrangian relaxation of a multi-commodity flow formulation of the problem. An extensi...

Laura Bahiense; Francisco Barahona; Oscar Porto

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Parallel local search for Steiner trees in graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses sequential and parallel local search for the Steiner tree problem ingraphs. We introduce novel neighborhoods whose computational time and space complexityis smaller than those known in the...

M.G.A. Verhoeven; M.E.M. Severens

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Hyun Ji (Julie) Lee 25 Bower Tree, Irvine, CA 92603  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hyun Ji (Julie) Lee 25 Bower Tree, Irvine, CA 92603 (949) 285-0259; hlee18@uci.edu RESEACH/predictions EDUCATION: University California, Irvine Ph.D., Chemistry, November 2011 Physical Chemistry (atmospheric

Nizkorodov, Sergey

446

RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate and interrelated tree regeneration drivers in mixed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate and interrelated tree regeneration drivers in mixed temperate regeneration layer composition is driven by numerous interrelated and covarying biotic and abiotic Electronic and strongly affects understory processes and properties including nutrient availabil- ity, seedbed conditions

Minnesota, University of

447

Regeneration ecology of broadleaved trees in Caledonian Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis quantifies aspects of shade tolerance in tree seedlings of species native to the Caledonian pinewood ecosystems of Glen Affric (Highland Region, Inverness-shire). Growth, allocation and morphological responses ...

Ogilvy, Tanya

448

Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline June 7, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Researchers at Virginia Tech are working to show how biogasoline could potentially be created in existing petroleum refineries, instead of at new biorefineries as shown here. | File illustration Researchers at Virginia Tech are working to show how biogasoline could potentially be created in existing petroleum refineries, instead of at new biorefineries as shown here. | File illustration Joshua DeLung Could leftover Christmas trees be turned into biogasoline? That's the question researchers at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University have been working for three years to address. The research team says making stable biogasoline in existing refineries- from

449

Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo | National Nuclear Security Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo Posted By Office of Public Affairs Pantex employees on Saturday got a chance to check out the 2013 Capitol

450

Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Technetium Applicable to the Vadose Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The general aim of this project is to continue the design and implementation of a new sensor technology that offers the unprecedented levels of specificity needed for analysis of the complex chemical mixtures found at DOE sites nationwide. The new sensor concept combines the elements of electrochemistry, spectroscopy and selective partitioning into a single device that provides three levels of selectivity. The specific goal of this project is the development of a sensor for technetium (Tc) that is applicable to characterizing and monitoring the Vadose Zone and associated subsurface water at the Hanford site. The first goal is a sensor that determines technetium in the chemical form pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}{sup -}). This report summarizes work during 6/16/01-6/15/02 of a three-year project that began on 9/15/99. During this period our efforts have focused on four areas that are discussed in the following sections. Electrochemistry of pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}{sup -}) at bare ITO and film-coated ITO electrodes; Enhancing sensitivity by increasing analyte absorptivity; Development and characterization of selective films; and Improved field portable spectroelectrochemical sensor.

William R. Heineman; Carl J. Seliskar; Samuel A. Bryan; Timothy L. Hubler

2003-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

451

The Ecological Street Tree: Mainstreaming the Production of Street Tree-based Ecosystem Services in Northern California Cities, 1980-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the city. Sub-populations of Palo Altos street tree104 Palo Altos publicly owned tree population (street andThe City of Palo Alto is endowed with a large population of

Seamans, Georgia Norma Silvera

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments seeking to develop their own siting rules for wind turbines. While it was developed as part of a cooperative effort involving several state agencies, the model itself has no legal or regulatory authority. In 2007, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the

453

Significance of Soft Zone Sediments at the SRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide information on the origin, extent and stability of ''soft zones'' in the carbonate bearing strata at the Savannah River Site (SRS). As part of this study, a comprehensive historical compendium of how soft zones have been addressed during the past 47 years at SRS is reviewed.

Aadland, R.K.

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

454

Two-zone countercurrent smelter system and process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for continuously smelting iron ore by use of coal to yield molten iron or semi-steel is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of establishing a melt covered by slag; inducing the slag and the molten iron to flow countercurrently to one another, toward opposite ends of the smelter; maintaining iron oxide-reducing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the slag flows; maintaining carbon-oxidizing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the molten iron flows; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the slag from the reducing zone end of the smelter; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the molten iron from the oxidizing zone end of the smelter; and adding to both zones iron ore, coal, oxygen, and flux at addition rates sufficient to keep the molten iron in the reducing zone substantially saturated with carbon, maintain in the slag being tapped an FeO content of about 5 weight percent or less, and maintain in the molten iron being tapped a carbon content of about 0.5 to 5 weight percent. A slag dam preferably is included in the smelter, to impede the backflow of the slag from the reducing zone to the oxidizing zone. A metal bath dam with one or more flow-through portals also is preferably used, submerged below the slag dam, to impede the backflow of the hot metal.

Cox, James H. (Toronto, CA); Fruehan, Richard J. (Murrysville, PA); Elliott, deceased, John F. (late of Winchester, MA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Two-zone countercurrent smelter system and process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for continuously smelting iron ore by use of coal to yield molten iron or semi-steel is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of establishing a melt covered by slag; inducing the slag and the molten iron to flow countercurrently to one another, toward opposite ends of the smelter; maintaining iron oxide-reducing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the slag flows; maintaining carbon-oxidizing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the molten iron flows; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the slag from the reducing zone end of the smelter; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the molten iron from the oxidizing zone end of the smelter; and adding to both zones iron ore, coal, oxygen, and flux at addition rates sufficient to keep the molten iron in the reducing zone substantially saturated with carbon, maintain in the slag being tapped an FeO content of about 5 weight percent or less, and maintain in the molten iron being tapped a carbon content of about 0.5 to 5 weight percent. A slag dam preferably is included in the smelter, to impede the backflow of the slag from the reducing zone to the oxidizing zone. A metal bath dam with one or more flow-through portals also is preferably used, submerged below the slag dam, to impede the backflow of the hot metal. 8 figures.

Cox, J.H.; Fruehan, R.J.; Elliott, J.F.

1995-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

456

Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ AFRI) - Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Deep Vadoze Zone Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ AFRI) was established to protect water resources and to address the challenge of preventing contamination in the deep vadose zone from reaching groundwater. This factsheet provides an overview of the initiative and the approach to integrate basic science and needs-driven applied research activities with cleanup operations.

none,

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Experimental and simulation studies of zone isolation in horizontal wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wellbore plug in the horizontal section downstream of the problem zone, (iii) spotting and squeezing a formation gel in between the straddle wellbore plug system into the problem zone, and (iv) washing out the excess formation gel and the wellbore plug...

Tan, Joo Sitt

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Spectroscopic Evidence for Uranium Bearing Precipitates in Vadose Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectroscopic Evidence for Uranium Bearing Precipitates in Vadose Zone Sediments at the Hanford 300, Advanced Light Source, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720, United States Geological Survey Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 Uranium (U) solid-state speciation in vadose zone sediments

459

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geographic Information System Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Mark Coolbaugh, Richard Zehner, Corne Kreemer, David Blackwell, Gary Oppliger (2005) A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geographic_Information_System_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Coolbaugh,_Et_Al.,_2005_-_2)&oldid=401371

460

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety November 8, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Joshua DeLung What does this project do? $207,225 Recovery Act grant helps install 47 flashing beacons at schools. $7,560 avoided electric-bill costs yearly through use of solar technology. 50,000-hour life on LED beacons flashing 3 hours daily, 180 days each year. Nothing grabs drivers' attention quite like flashing lights - luckily,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Data Acquisition-Manipulation Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Mark Coolbaugh, Richard Zehner, Corne Kreemer, David Blackwell, Gary Oppliger (2005) A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Data_Acquisition-Manipulation_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Coolbaugh,_Et_Al.,_2005_-_2)&oldid=401360"

462

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety November 8, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Joshua DeLung What does this project do? $207,225 Recovery Act grant helps install 47 flashing beacons at schools. $7,560 avoided electric-bill costs yearly through use of solar technology. 50,000-hour life on LED beacons flashing 3 hours daily, 180 days each year. Nothing grabs drivers' attention quite like flashing lights - luckily,

463

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school

464

Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Montana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Montana Department of Revenue The Empowerment Zone Tax Credit allows for eligible businesses located in such zones a $500 credit against income tax liability for each qualifying employee the first year, $1,000 for the second year and $1,500 for the third year of employment. If the credit exceeds the taxpayers' income tax liability, the credit may be carried forward 7 years and carried back 3 years. In addition to the income tax credits, the employer is also entitled

465

Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Other Program Info State Arizona Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Maricopa County The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil fuels or nuclear fission." Renewable energy systems may be built in any zoning district within the county as long as certain siting requirements are met. Setbacks: Renewable energy systems must be set back at least 3 feet away

466

Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Refraction Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Michelle Heimgartner, James B. Scott, Weston Thelen, Christopher R. Lopez, John N. Louie (2005) Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation Of Old And New Refraction Data Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Refraction_Survey_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Heimgartner,_Et_Al.,_2005)&oldid=401382

467

High gain photoconductive semiconductor switch having tailored doping profile zones  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photoconductive semiconductor switch with tailored doping profile zones beneath and extending laterally from the electrical contacts to the device. The zones are of sufficient depth and lateral extent to isolate the contacts from damage caused by the high current filaments that are created in the device when it is turned on. The zones may be formed by etching depressions into the substrate, then conducting epitaxial regrowth in the depressions with material of the desired doping profile. They may be formed by surface epitaxy. They may also be formed by deep diffusion processes. The zones act to reduce the energy density at the contacts by suppressing collective impact ionization and formation of filaments near the contact and by reducing current intensity at the contact through enhanced current spreading within the zones.

Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Mar, Alan (Albuquerque, NM); Zutavern, Fred J (Albuquerque, NM); Hjalmarson, Harold P. (Albuquerque, NM); Allerman, Andrew A. (Albuquerque, NM); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Edgewood, NM); O'Malley, Martin W. (Edgewood, NM); Helgeson, Wesley D. (Albuquerque, NM); Denison, Gary J. (Sandia Park, NM); Brown, Darwin J. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, Charles T. (Albuquerque, NM); Hou, Hong Q. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Climate Zone Number 4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4 is defined as 4 is defined as Mixed - Humid(4A) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 Dry(4B) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 Mixed - Marine(4C) with IP Units 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units 2000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4 climate zones: Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Kentucky Adams County, Ohio Alamance County, North Carolina Albemarle County, Virginia Alexander County, Illinois Alexander County, North Carolina Alexandria County, Virginia Allegany County, Maryland Alleghany County, Virginia Allen County, Kansas Allen County, Kentucky Amador County, California

469

Excavation Damaged Zones In Rock Salt Formations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Salt formations have long been proposed as potential host rocks for nuclear waste disposal. After the operational phase of a repository the openings, e.g., boreholes, galleries, and chambers, have to be sealed in order to avoid the release of radionuclides into the biosphere. For optimising the sealing techniques knowledge about the excavation damaged zones (EDZ) around these openings is essential. In the frame of a project performed between 2004 and 2007, investigations of the EDZ evolution were performed in the Stassfurt halite of the Asse salt mine in northern Germany. Three test locations were prepared in the floor of an almost 20 year old gallery on the 800-m level of the Asse mine: (1) the drift floor as existing, (2) the new drift floor shortly after removing of a layer of about 1 m thickness of the floor with a continuous miner, (3) the new drift floor 2 years after cutting off the 1-m layer. Subject of investigation were the diffusive and advective gas transport and the advective brine transport very close to the opening. Spreading of the brine was tracked by geo-electric monitoring in order to gain information about permeability anisotropy. Results obtained showed that EDZ cut-off is a useful method to improve sealing effectiveness when constructing technical barriers. (authors)

Jockwer, N.; Wieczorek, K. [Gesellschaft fur Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Braunschweig (Germany)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

SATURATED ZONE FLOW AND TRANSPORT MODEL ABSTRACTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the saturated zone (SZ) flow and transport model abstraction task is to provide radionuclide-transport simulation results for use in the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for license application (LA) calculations. This task includes assessment of uncertainty in parameters that pertain to both groundwater flow and radionuclide transport in the models used for this purpose. This model report documents the following: (1) The SZ transport abstraction model, which consists of a set of radionuclide breakthrough curves at the accessible environment for use in the TSPA-LA simulations of radionuclide releases into the biosphere. These radionuclide breakthrough curves contain information on radionuclide-transport times through the SZ. (2) The SZ one-dimensional (I-D) transport model, which is incorporated in the TSPA-LA model to simulate the transport, decay, and ingrowth of radionuclide decay chains in the SZ. (3) The analysis of uncertainty in groundwater-flow and radionuclide-transport input parameters for the SZ transport abstraction model and the SZ 1-D transport model. (4) The analysis of the background concentration of alpha-emitting species in the groundwater of the SZ.

B.W. ARNOLD

2004-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

471

Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Zone. Highlights of the bill include: a permitting process;economic zone; encourage the development of environmentally responsible offshore aquaculture by authorizing offshore aquaculture operations and research; establish a permitting process

Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy...

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Stochastically generating tree diameter lists to populate forest stands based on the linkage variables, forest type and stand age.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forest inventory data were used to develop a stand-age-driven, stochastic predictor of unit-area, frequency-weighted lists of breast high tree diameters (DBH). The average of mean statistics from 40-simulation prediction sets of an independent 78-plot validation dataset differed from the observed validation means by 0.5 cm for DBH, and by 12 trees/h for density. The 40-simulation average of standard deviation, quartile range, maximum value and minimum value differed from the validation dataset, respectively, by 0.3, 1.3, 0.6 and 1.5 cm for DBH, and 10, 42, 29, and 54 trees/h for density. In addition, test statistics were also computed individually for each of the 40 single simulations of the 78-plot validation dataset. In all cases, the test statistics supported the null hypothesis of no difference between simulated and observed DBH lists. When power of these hypothesis test statistics was set to 80%, the calculated minimum detectable differences were still reasonably small at 2.7 cm for mean DBH and 90 trees/h for stocking. Also, the shape and dispersion of simulated mean-DBH/density scatter graphs were similar to the same scatter graph from the observed, validation dataset.

Parresol, B.R.; Lloyd, F.T.

2003-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

474

Carbon sequestration and riparian zones: Assessing the impacts of changing regulatory practices in Southern Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite the consensus that riparian zones are important for the conservation of biological diversity and many other ecosystem services, there are no consistent regulations for how, or if, riparian areas should be used and the size of buffer zones required. Recently, controversial revisions to the Forest Code in Brazil have been implemented which include a reduction in the width of protected riparian buffer zones required along rivers. In order to model the impact of legislative changes on ecosystem services, we used the integrated valuation of environmental services and tradeoffs (InVEST) tool to assess a 30,000ha watershed in southern Brazil and carbon sequestration as an indicator for ecosystem services. The results demonstrate that the adoption of improved agriculture practices, development of secondary forests and especially the conversion of land into more restrictive types of land-use has a significant and positive impact on the levels of carbon sequestered. On the other hand, the easing of riparian zone requirements shows an important potential loss in carbon sequestration. More importantly, reducing the size of the buffer zone might result in land-conversion into agriculture or pasture, impacting both carbon sequestration and other ecosystem services. However, the easing of restrictions on riparian areas under the revised Forest Code might be overshadowed by changes to Legal Forest Reserve provisions which could have a much greater impact on carbon sequestration. Despite the restrictions imposed by various pieces of legislation, the loss of ecosystem services due to a reduction in the protected riparian area, as well as possible land conversion due to changes in Legal Forest Reserves, are possible unless efforts involving narrowing the gap between research and policy, effective law enforcement, and implementing attractive payment for ecosystem services programs, are put in place. We believe that introducing incentives to farmers to maintain the protection of riparian areas by implementing agroforestry systems, such as erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis), would be beneficial socioeconomically and ecologically and should be integrated into the Forest Code.

Marilice C. Garrastaz; Sabina D. Mendona; Te T. Horokoski; Denise J. Cardoso; Maria A.D. Rosot; Evelyn R. Nimmo; Andr E.B. Lacerda

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Tobit model for analyzing speed limit compliance in work zones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Poor compliance with speed limits is a serious safety concern in work zones. Most studies of work zone speeds have focused on descriptive analyses and statistical testing without systematically capturing the effects of vehicle and traffic characteristics. Consequently, little is known about how the characteristics of surrounding traffic and platoons influence speeds. This paper develops a Tobit regression technique for innovatively modeling the probability and the magnitude of non-compliance with speed limits at various locations in work zones. Speed data is transformed into two groupscontinuous for non-compliant and left-censored for compliant driversto model in a Tobit model framework. The modeling technique is illustrated using speed data from three long-term highway work zones in Queensland, Australia. Consistent and plausible model estimates across the three work zones support the appropriateness and validity of the technique. The results show that the probability and magnitude of speeding was higher for leaders of platoons with larger front gaps, during late afternoon and early morning, when traffic volumes were higher, and when higher proportions of surrounding vehicles were non-compliant. Light vehicles and their followers were also more likely to speed than others. Speeding was more common and greater in magnitude upstream than in the activity area, with higher compliance rates close to the end of the activity area and close to stop/slow traffic controllers. The modeling technique and results have great potential to assist in deployment of appropriate countermeasures by better identifying the traffic characteristics associated with speeding and the locations of lower compliance.

Ashim Kumar Debnath; Ross Blackman; Narelle Haworth

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Large-Area Zone Plate Fabrication with Optical Lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zone plates as condenser optics for x-ray microscopes offer simple optical designs for both illumination and spectral resolution when used as a linear monochromator. However, due to the long write times for electron beam lithography, both the availability and the size of zone plates for condensers have been limited. Since the resolution provided by the linear monochromator scales almost linearly with the diameter of the zone plate, the full potential for zone plate monochromators as illumination systems for x-ray microscopes has not been achieved. For example, the 10-mm-diameter zone plate has demonstrated a spectral resolution of E/{Delta}E = 700[1], but with a 26-mm-diameter zone plate, the calculated spectral resolution is higher than E/{Delta}E = 3000. These large-area zone plates are possible to fabricate with the leading edge semiconductor lithography tools such as those available at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at the University at Albany. One of the lithography tools available is the ASML TWINSCAN XT: 1950i with 37-nm resolution [2]. A single 300-mm wafer can contain more than 60 fields, each with a large area condenser, and the throughput of the tool can be more than one wafer every minute.

Denbeaux, G. [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, 255 Fuller Road, Albany, NY 12203 (United States)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

477

Characterization of Persistent Volatile Contaminant Sources in the Vadose Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Remediation activities over time will alter the subsurface distribution of contaminants and likely create significant changes in the source-zone architecture. A field method was demonstrated for use of data collected from multiple individual soil vapor extraction (SVE) system well tests to locate and characterize the distribution of persistent VOC sources in the vadose zone. Operational data collected at the Department of Energys Hanford site were used to examine source zone alteration over time due to SVE operation and to illustrate the source-zone characterization approach. Individual well test results confirmed a heterogeneous distribution of permeability and contaminant mass discharge throughout the vadose zone. The trends in mass discharge and concentration were analyzed to determine the location and extent of the primary source zone within a lower-permeability unit at the site. This information is useful to evaluate the performance of SVE operations, and support decisions concerning system alteration or closure based on risk assessments of the impact of vadose-zone sources on groundwater contamination or vapor intrusion.

Carroll, Kenneth C.; Truex, Michael J.; Brusseau, Mark L.; Parker, Kyle R.; Mackley, Rob D.; Rohay, Virginia J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Solar Activity during Two Millennia as Estimated from Annual Tree Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relationship between solar activity and the global climate is not only an academically interesting issue, but also an important problem for human beings. Lean and Rind have analyzed a considerable amount of climate data from around the world from 1889 to 2006. According to their analysis, the global effect was estimated to be 0.17 plus-minus 0.01K between the solar maximum and minimum. However, they noticed that the effect strongly appeared in the zones between 70N and 30N, and between 25S and 50S. At its peak latitude (near 40), the effect was estimated to be 0.5 K. Therefore, we analyzed a tree that survived at the Murooji temple in Nara prefecture (34d32mN, 136d2mE) Japan, for 391 years. Quite surprisingly, Fourier analysis of the annual growth rate identified two cycles with periodicities of 12 and 25 years during the Maunder minimum. We have continued the analysis, using different samples from the Nagusa shrine in Hyogo Prefecture, Itayanagi City, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, and from Yaku Island in Kyu...

Muraki, Y; Kuramata, S; Masuda, K; Nagaya, K; Shibata, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Vadose Zone Hydrogeology Data Package for Hanford Assessments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This data package documents the technical basis for selecting physical and geochemical parameters and input values that will be used in vadose zone modeling for Hanford assessments. This work was originally conducted as part of the Characterization of Systems Task of the Groundwater Remediation Project managed by Fluor Hanford, Inc., Richland, Washington, and revised as part of the Characterization of Systems Project managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). This data package describes the geologic framework, the physical, hydrologic, and contaminant transport properties of the geologic materials, and deep drainage (i.e., recharge) estimates, and builds on the general framework developed for the initial assessment conducted using the System Assessment Capability (SAC) (Bryce et al. 2002). The general approach for this work was to update and provide incremental improvements over the previous SAC data package completed in 2001. As with the previous SAC data package, much of the data and interpreted information were extracted from existing documents and databases. Every attempt was made to provide traceability to the original source(s) of the data or interpretations.

Last, George V.; Freeman, Eugene J.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Fayer, Michael J.; Gee, Glendon W.; Nichols, William E.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Horton, Duane G.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Western Renewable Energy Zones, Phase 1: QRA Identification Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ) Initiative Phase 1 Qualified Resource Area identification process, including the identification and economic analysis of Qualified Resource Areas (QRAs) and 'non-REZ' resources. These data and analyses will assist the Western US in its renewable energy transmission planning goals. The economic analysis in this report produced the input data for the WREZ Generation and Transmission model, which is a screening-level model to determine the optimal routing for and cost of delivering renewable energy from QRAs to load centers throughout the Western Interconnection. In June 2009, the Western Governors' Association accepted the Western Governors' Association WREZ Phase 1 Report in which the QRAs were mapped and the entire WREZ Phase 1 process was explained in general. That same month the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory released the WREZ Generation and Transmission Model (GTM), which was also developed by Black & Veatch. This report details the assumptions and methodologies that were used to produce the maps and resource analyses in the WGA report as well as the economic data used by the WREZ GTM. This report also provides the results of the non-REZ resource analysis for the first time in the WREZ initiative.

Pletka, R.; Finn, J.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biasi, Et Al., 2008) Biasi, Et Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Ileana Tibuleac, Leiph Preston (2008) Regional Resource Area Mapping In Nevada Using The Usarray Seismic Network Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Teleseismic-Seismic_Monitoring_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2008)&oldid=425638" Category: Exploration Activities What links here

482

County Planning, Zoning, and Recreation on Natural Streams and Waterways  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

County Planning, Zoning, and Recreation on Natural Streams and County Planning, Zoning, and Recreation on Natural Streams and Waterways (Missouri) County Planning, Zoning, and Recreation on Natural Streams and Waterways (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Siting and Permitting

483

Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell & De  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Region (Shevenell & De Region (Shevenell & De Rocher, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell & De Rocher, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Lisa Shevenell, Ted De Rocher (2005) Evaluation Of Chemical Geothermometers For Calculating Reservoir Temperatures At Nevada Geothermal Power Plants Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermometry_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Shevenell_%26_De_Rocher,_2005)&oldid=401374" Category: Exploration Activities What links here

484

Electrically heated particulate filter with zoned exhaust flow control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter that includes X zones. An electrical heater includes Y heater segments that are associated with respective ones of the X zones. The electrical heater is arranged upstream from and proximate with the PM filter. A valve assembly includes Z sections that are associated with respective ones of the X zones. A control module adjusts flow through each of the Z sections during regeneration of the PM filter via control of the valve assembly. X, Y and Z are integers.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

485

Stochastic analysis of well capture zones in heterogeneous porous media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study we present a moment-equation-based approach to derive the time-dependent mean capture zones and their associated uncertainties. The flow statistics are obtained by solving the first two moments of flow, and the mean capture zones are determined by reversely tracking the non-reactive particles released at a small circle around each pumping well. The uncertainty associated with the mean capture zones is calculated based on the particle displacement covariance for nonstationary flow fields. For comparison purpose, we also conducted Monte Carlo simulations. It has been found that our model results are in good agreement with Monte Carlo results.

Zhang, D. (Dongxiao); Lu, Z. (Zhiming)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Cohesive-zone-model formulation and implementation using the symmetric Galerkin boundary element method for homogeneous solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new symmetric boundary integral formulation for cohesive cracks growing in the interior of homogeneous linear elastic isotropic media with a known crack path is developed and implemented in a numerical code. A crack path can be known due to some symmetry ... Keywords: Arc-length method, Cohesive zone model, Crack growth, Fracture mechanics, Symmetric boundary integral equation

Luis Tvara; Vladislav Manti?; Alberto Salvadori; Leonard J. Gray; Federico Pars

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A site scale model for modeling unsaturated zone processes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unsaturated Zone Model of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for theZone Trocesses at yucca Mountain, N G. S. Bodvarsson, Y. S.unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as a permanent

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative...

Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

489

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Western Renewable Energy Zone (WREZ) initiative brings together a diverse set of voices to develop data, tools, and a unique forum for coordinating transmission expansion in the Western Interconnection. In this paper we use a new tool developed in the WREZ initiative to evaluate possible renewable resource selection and transmission expansion decisions. We evaluate these decisions under a number of alternative future scenarios centered on meeting 33percent of the annual load in the Western Interconnection with new renewable resources located within WREZ-identified resource hubs. Our analysis finds that wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy procured to meet the 33percent RE target across nearly all scenarios analyzed (38-65percent). Solar energy is almost always the second largest source (14-41percent). We find several load zones where wind energy is the least cost resource under a wide range of sensitivity scenarios. Load zones in the Southwest, on the other hand, are found to switch between wind and solar, and therefore to vary transmission expansion decisions, depending on uncertainties and policies that affect the relative economics of each renewable option. Further, we find that even with total transmission expenditures of $17-34 billion these costs still represent just 10-19percent of the total delivered cost of renewable energy.

Mills, Andrew D.; Phadke, Amol A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

490

Exploration of resource and transmission expansion decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone initiative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Western Renewable Energy Zone (WREZ) initiative brings together a diverse set of voices to develop data, tools, and a unique forum for coordinating transmission expansion in the Western Interconnection. In this paper we use a new tool developed in the WREZ initiative to evaluate possible renewable resource selection and transmission expansion decisions. We evaluate these decisions under a number of alternative future scenarios centered on meeting 33% of the annual load in the Western Interconnection with new renewable resources located within WREZ-identified resource hubs. Our analysis finds that wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy procured to meet the 33% RE target across nearly all scenarios analyzed (3865%). Solar energy is almost always the second largest source (1441%). We find several load zones where wind energy is the least cost resource under a wide range of sensitivity scenarios. Load zones in the Southwest, on the other hand, are found to switch between wind and solar, and therefore to vary transmission expansion decisions, depending on uncertainties and policies that affect the relative economics of each renewable option. Further, we find that even with total transmission expenditures of $1734 billion these costs still represent just 1019% of the total delivered cost of renewable energy.

Andrew Mills; Amol Phadke; Ryan Wiser

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs Thermal Area,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs Thermal Area, Utah Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs Thermal Area, Utah Abstract Chemical interaction of thermal brines with reservoir rock in the Roosevelt Hot Springs thermal area has resulted in the development of distinctive trace element signatures. Geochemical analysis of soil sample, shallow temperature gradient drill hole cuttings and deep drill hole cutting provides a three dimensional perspective of trace element distributions within the system. Distributions of As, Hg and Li provide the clearest expression of hydrothermal activity. Comparison of these distribution

492

Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Soil Water Content Distributions by Neutron Moderation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contaminant transport through the vadose zone is a complex process controlled largely by interactions between subsurface lithologic features, water flow, and fluid properties. Understanding the processes controlling transport is an important prerequisite to the development and implementation of effective soil and ground water remediation programs. However, difficulties in directly observing and sampling the subsurface can complicate attempts to better describe subsurface transport processes and is mostly responsible for the large amount of uncertainty associated with vadose zone processes. The reduction of the uncertainty has been identified as a site need at Hanford by the STCG and the National Research Council (2000a) and is a key aspect of the site?s science and technology effort.

Ward, Anderson L.; Caldwell, Todd G.; Gee, Glendon W.

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Statistic inversion of multi-zone transition probability models for aquifer characterization in alluvial fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...

Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Science Road Map for Phase 2 of the Tank-Farm Vadose Zone Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase 1 of the Tank-Farm Vadose Zone Program (TFVZP) developed information on the nature and extent of vadose zone contamination in the tank farms through field studies, laboratory analyses and experiments, and historical data searches; assembled data and performed tank-farm risk analysis; and initiated interim corrective actions to lessen the impacts of tank leak contaminants. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists and external collaborators at universities and U.S. Department of Energy user facilities sampled and analyzed contaminant plumes. These types of activities will continue during Phase 2 of the TFVZP to refine and expand scientific understanding of the subsurface beneath tank farms, especially of water movement, residual waste leaching, and contaminant transport.

Zachara, John M.; Freshley, Mark D.; Mann, Frederick M.

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

495

A three-dimensional characterization of a bearing pecan tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

't on and gratitude must be given to the "Pecan Entomology Laboratory" team and my other friends. Their help in measur', ng and collecting the data was as important as any other process in the completion of this work. Thanks to Shahid Husseini who helpeo me... girth during the season (9), MATERIALS AND METHODS A 26 year old 'Success' pecan tree growing on a 'Riverside' seed- ling stock was utilized in this work. The tree was located in the Adriance orchard on the Texas A8M University plantation...

Lozano-Gonzalez, Ricardo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

A Tree Swaying in a Turbulent Wind: A Scaling Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A tentative scaling theory is presented of a tree swaying in a turbulent wind. It is argued that the turbulence of the air within the crown is in the inertial regime. An eddy causes a dynamic bending response of the branches according to a time criterion. The resulting expression for the penetration depth of the wind yields an exponent which appears to be consistent with that pertaining to the morphology of the tree branches. An energy criterion shows that the dynamics of the branches is basically passive. The possibility of hydrodynamic screening by the leaves is discussed.

Theo Odijk

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

Trees & Other Ramifications: Branches in Nature and Culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

creation separate from the rest of nature. It is also our most humbling ideaall of life on Earth is kin. Humankind is not a breed apart. Our origins are as genetic and geologic as that of every other beast, flower, and bacterium in the animate world..., an evolutionary history that we now know harkens back 3.5 billion years. Darwins powerful yet humbling idea has since evolved, now sprouting thousands of species on 5,000 digital pages on the Web as The Tree of Life Web Project (http://tolweb.org/tree/). Twenty...

Goddard, Stephen; Hardy, Saralyn Reece; Krishtalka, Leonard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A systematic review of socio-economic assessments in support of coastal zone management (19922011)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cooperation between the social and natural sciences has become essential in order to encompass all the dimensions of coastal zone management. Socio-economic approaches are increasingly recommended to complement integrated assessment in support of these initiatives. A systematic review of the academic literature was carried out in order to analyze the main types of socio-economic assessments used to inform the coastal zone management process as well as their effectiveness. A corpus of 1682 articles published between 1992 and 2011 was identified by means of the representative coverage approach, from which 170 were selected by applying inclusion/exclusion criteria and then classified using a content analysis methodology. The percentage of articles that mention the use of socio-economic assessment in support of coastal zone management initiatives is increasing but remains relatively low. The review examines the links between the issues addressed by integrated assessments and the chosen analytical frameworks as well as the various economic assessment methods which are used in the successive steps of the coastal zone management process. The results show that i) analytical frameworks such as risk and vulnerability, DPSIR, valuation, ecosystem services and preferences are likely to lead to effective integration of social sciences in coastal zone management research while integration, sustainability and participation remain difficult to operationalize, ii) risk assessments are insufficiently implemented in developing countries, and iii) indicator systems in support of multi-criteria analyses could be used during more stages of the coastal zone management process. Finally, it is suggested that improved collaboration between science and management would require that scientists currently involved in coastal zone management processes further educate themselves in integrated assessment approaches and participatory methodologies.

Eric Le Gentil; Rmi Mongruel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Addressing Uncertainty in Desigh Inputs: A Case Study of Probabilistic Settlement Evaluations for Soft Zone Collapse at SWPF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Addressing Uncertainties in Design Addressing Uncertainties in Design Inputs: A Case Study of Probabilistic Settlement Evaluations for Soft Zone Collapse at SWPF Tom Houston, Greg Mertz, Carl Costantino, Michael Costantino, Andrew Maham Carl J. Costantino & Associates DOE NPH Conference Germantown, Maryland October 25-26 2011 1 CJCAssociates Introduction * Description of the SWPF Settlement Problem * Deterministic v. Probabilistic Approach to Settlement Profile Development * Analysis Approach * Parameters considered * Methodology * Results synthesis * Why the approach was useful 2 CJCAssociates Description of the SWPF Settlement Problem * At SRS, post-seismic differential settlement is caused by the potential collapse of soft zones * Large uncertainty in the geotechnical parameters defining size

500

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_7a_usa_mn_duluth_pre1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_7a_usa_mn_duluth_pre1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Los Angeles, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3C San Francisco, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois