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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a...

2

Development Opportunity Zone Credit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Development Opportunity Zone Credits incent new and expanding businesses in the Cities of Beloit, Janesville and Kenosha by providing non-refundable tax credits to assist with the creation and...

3

Characterization of Fir-tree Zones in AA1050 DC Cast Ingot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using combination of electron backscattered diffraction, energy dispersive ... of Fe-bearing intermetallics throughout the fir-tree zones of AA1050 DC ingot were ...

4

CHRONIC IRRADIATION OF SCOTS PINE TREES (PINUS SYLVESTRIS) IN THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE: DOSIMETRY AND RADIOBIOLOGICAL EFFECTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To identify effects of chronic internal and external radiation exposure for components of terrestrial ecosystems, a comprehensive study of Scots pine trees in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone was performed. The experimental plan included over 1,100 young trees (up to 20 years old) selected from areas with varying levels of radioactive contamination. These pine trees were planted after the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident mainly to prevent radionuclide resuspension and soil erosion. For each tree, the major morphological parameters and radioactive contamination values were identified. Cytological analyses were performed for selected trees representing all dose rate ranges. A specially developed dosimetric model capable of taking into account radiation from the incorporated radionuclides in the trees was developed for the apical meristem. The calculated dose rates for the trees in the study varied within three orders of magnitude, from close to background values in the control area (about 5 mGy y{sup -1}) to approximately 7 Gy y{sup -1} in the Red Forest area located in the immediate vicinity of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant site. Dose rate/effect relationships for morphological changes and cytogenetic defects were identified and correlations for radiation effects occurring on the morphological and cellular level were established.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Pages that link to "Baoding High Tech Industry Development Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:WhatLinksHereBaodingHighTechIndustryDevelopmentZone" Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer...

6

Baoding High Tech Industry Development Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBaodingHighTechIndustryDevelopmentZone&oldid342524" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies...

7

Development and Validation of Sterility Systems for Trees  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this project was to develop and validate sterility systems in poplar with the ultimate goal of fulfilling the basic requirements for commercial use. For this, sterility must be complete and stable over multiple growing seasons, cause no detrimental effects on vegetative growth, and successful transformation events must be identifiable via molecular tests when trees are still juvenile. Because of the inherent difficulties in achieving and demonstrating complete sterility in trees, our approach was to study alternate sterility systems in Arabidopsis and/or early-flowering tree systems. The public benefit from this work is the capacity for containment of genes or exotic forms of trees so they can be of benefit for industry for production of wood, energy, and renewable products, while having minimal impact on wild populations of trees. We tested three methods for engineering sterility: dominant negative mutant (DNM) proteins, floral tissue ablation, and RNA interference (RNAi) to suppress the expression of several floral regulatory genes. The ultimate goal of this work was to produce a number of transgenic poplars that could be outplanted to enable future assessments of the effectiveness of these transgenic sterility methods. Our attempts to produce ablation constructs that did not interfere with tree health were partially successful. Using the poplar LEAFY gene promoter and the barnase/barstar system, we were able to regenerate plants that grew well in the greenhouse, but they showed poor health in the field. Four of seven DNM genes tested were considered promising enough, based on results in Arabidopsis, to produce transgenic poplars. Single, double, and triple RNAi genes were produced and transformed into poplar. Over all, we produced 1,964 PCR-confirmed transgenic events with 19 different kinds of sterility genes and several kinds of control genes. We propagated 5,640, 6,820, and 7,055 trees for each of three test poplar genotypes, and field plantings were begun in Spring of 2003 and will be finished in Spring 2007. Continued field studies and monitoring will be required to establish if any of the approaches we have taken will prove to be safe for tree health, stable, and provide reliable containment.

Strauss, Steve; Shevchenko, Olga; Ma, Caiping (Cathleen)

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

8

Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Commerce The Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act provides funding for local units of government to match local tax revenue dedicated to support a project located in an enterprise zone. No more than

9

China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Low Carbon Development Zones China-Low Carbon Development Zones Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Low Carbon Development Zones Agency/Company /Organization Third Generation Environmentalism (E3G) Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References Low Carbon Development Zones in China[1] Overview "Building on the successful work of the Interdependencies on Energy and Climate Security for China and Europe project, this 18 month project with E3G, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Chinese Energy Research Institute (ERI), will focus on four key areas - low carbon zones;

10

Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Development Overview of Geothermal Resources In Kilauea East Rift Zone Abstract This study reviews the geothermal resources associatedwith the Kilauea East Rift Zone (KERZ) of Hawaii islandby focusing on a holistic development strategy for additionalgeothermal production. A review of existing literature inthe fields of geology, drilling, power production and policychallenges, highlights critical issues for geothermalenterprises. A geological assessment of the hydrology,geochemistry, and structural features that characterize theregion is discussed. Available data are interpreted includinggeology, geochemistry, well depth and temperature.

11

Open Access Development of a Methodology to Estimate Biomass from Tree Height Using Airborne Digital Image  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright 2012 J. Jenitha Ferdinent and Raj Chandar Padmanaban. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Globally biomass is becoming imperative for function such as climate change, combined heat and power generation. The biomass energy is gaining significance as a source of clean heat for domestic heating and community heating applications. Regarding climatic change and global warming, the biomass is being estimated in various ways. By including three dimensions (i.e.) height of a tree or stand height of trees in forest will greatly help in estimation biomass more accurately. Traditionally close range Photogrammetry is used to determine volume and biomass of the tree. However, this method of volume/height of a tree is not feasible in large scale applications and time consuming. Globally researchers are working to estimate this by using either airborne/space borne data. In this project, a methodology to measure tree height in case of single tree or stand height (mean tree height) of an area is developed using airborne digital camera. The height of the tree was first estimated from the airborne digital camera image data. The image taken from Airborne UltraCamD has been used. This image is 23cm X 15cm image size and 20cm resolution. Aerial

J. Jenitha Ferdinent; Raj Ch; Ar Padmanaban

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Vadose Zone Characterization Techniques Developed by EMSP Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses research contributions made by Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) research in the area of geophysical characterization of the subsurface. The goal of these EMSP research projects is to develop combined high-resolution measurement and interpretation packages that provide accurate, timely information needed to characterize the vadose zone. Various types of geophysical imaging techniques can be used to characterize the shallow subsurface. Since individual geophysical characterization tools all have specific limitations, many different techniques are being explored to provide more widespread applicability over a range of hydrogeologic settings. A combination of laboratory, field, theoretical, and computational studies are necessary to develop our understanding of how contaminants move through the vadose zone. This entails field tests with field-hardened systems, packaging and calibration of instrumentation, data processing and analysis algorithms, forward and inverse modeling, and so forth. DOE sites are seeking to team with EMSP researchers to leverage the basic science research investment and apply these advances to address subsurface contamination issues that plague many U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites.

Guillen, Donna P.

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

13

Mesoscale Convergence Zone Development in Northeastern Colorado under Southwest Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In July 1987 during the CINDE project, three similar mesoscale planetary boundary layer convergence zones were observed to form in northeastern Colorado near Denver under synoptic-scale southwesterly flow. A number of recent studies have ...

Wendy Schreiber-Abshire; Alfred R. Rodi

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

one example being Dixie Valley, Nevada, an active normalrock at various sites: Dixie Valley, Nevada; Wasatch, Utah;20 m in parts of the Dixie Valley and Wasatch fault zones.

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A System Dynamics Approach for Developing Zone Water Demand Forecasting: A Case Study of Linkong Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System dynamics (SD) approach for developing zone water demand forecasting was developed based on the analysis of its water resources system which has multi-feedback and nonlinear interactions amongst system elements. As an example, Tianjin Binhai Linkong ... Keywords: developing zone, system dynamics, water resources demand, Linkong

Xuehua Zhang; Hongwei Zhang; Xinhua Zhao

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

E3G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Development Zones in China Agency/Company /Organization Third Generation Environmentalism (E3G) Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References Low Carbon Development Zones in China[1] Overview "Building on the successful work of the Interdependencies on Energy and Climate Security for China and Europe project, this 18 month project with E3G, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Chinese Energy Research Institute (ERI), will focus on four key areas - low carbon zones;

17

Development of Characterization Technology for Fault Zone Hydrology  

SciTech Connect

Several deep trenches were cut, and a number of geophysical surveys were conducted across the Wildcat Fault in the hills east of Berkeley, California. The Wildcat Fault is believed to be a strike-slip fault and a member of the Hayward Fault System, with over 10 km of displacement. So far, three boreholes of ~;; 150m deep have been core-drilled and borehole geophysical logs were conducted. The rocks are extensively sheared and fractured; gouges were observed at several depths and a thick cataclasitic zone was also observed. While confirming some earlier, published conclusions from shallow observations about Wildcat, some unexpected findings were encountered. Preliminary analysis indicates that Wildcat near the field site consists of multiple faults. The hydraulic test data suggest the dual properties of the hydrologic structure of the fault zone. A fourth borehole is planned to penetrate the main fault believed to lie in-between the holes. The main philosophy behind our approach for the hydrologic characterization of such a complex fractured system is to let the system take its own average and monitor a long term behavior instead of collecting a multitude of data at small length and time scales, or at a discrete fracture scale and to ?up-scale,? which is extremely tenuous.

Karasaki, Kenzi; Onishi, Tiemi; Gasperikova, Erika; Goto, Junichi; Tsuchi, Hiroyuki; Miwa, Tadashi; Ueta, Keiichi; Kiho, Kenzo; MIyakawa, Kimio

2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

18

Tree Frogs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Conservation TREE FROGS The tree frog, or "tree toad", is popularly supposed to forecast rain; probably because he prefers humid weather and, after the mating season, sings...

19

Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone in India  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone in India Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone in India Speaker(s): Jagadeesh Taluri Kushboo Modgil Date: June 3, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 LBNL is collaborating with Metro Valley to create the most energy efficient built environment in India. The proposed project is an ITES (Information Technology Enabled Services) Special Economic Zone which is a multi-tenanted campus consisting of work and support spaces for companies involved in research or knowledge processing. The goal of the project reaches beyond an energy efficient built environment for the Knowledge Industry to sustainability in the broadest sense: a sustainable environment, not just from the point of view of energy consumption, but also relative to the people who use it, the organizations that inhabit it,

20

Development of a computer-aided fault tree synthesis methodology for quantitative risk analysis in the chemical process industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been growing public concern regarding the threat to people and environment from industrial activities, thus more rigorous regulations. The investigation of almost all the major accidents shows that we could have avoided those tragedies with effective risk analysis and safety management programs. High-quality risk analysis is absolutely necessary for sustainable development. As a powerful and systematic tool, fault tree analysis (FTA) has been adapted to the particular need of chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) and found great applications. However, the application of FTA in the chemical process industry (CPI) is limited. One major barrier is the manual synthesis of fault trees. It requires a thorough understanding of the process and is vulnerable to individual subjectivity. The quality of FTA can be highly subjective and variable. The availability of a computer-based FTA methodology will greatly benefit the CPI. The primary objective of this research is to develop a computer-aided fault tree synthesis methodology for CPQRA. The central idea is to capture the cause-and-effect logic around each item of equipment directly into mini fault trees. Special fault tree models have been developed to manage special features. Fault trees created by this method are expected to be concise. A prototype computer program is provided to illustrate the methodology. Ideally, FTA can be standardized through a computer package that reads information contained in process block diagrams and provides automatic aids to assist engineers in generating and analyzing fault trees. Another important issue with regard to QRA is the large uncertainty associated with available failure rate data. In the CPI, the ranges of failure rates observed could be quite wide. Traditional reliability studies using point values of failure rates may result in misleading conclusions. This dissertation discusses the uncertainty with failure rate data and proposes a procedure to deal with data uncertainty in determining safety integrity level (SIL) for a safety instrumented system (SIS). Efforts must be carried out to obtain more accurate values of those data that might actually impact the estimation of SIL. This procedure guides process hazard analysts toward a more accurate SIL estimation and avoids misleading results due to data uncertainty.

Wang, Yanjun

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Spatial Analysis of Residential Development and Urban-Rural Zoning in Baltimore County, Maryland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past half-century, Baltimore County, Maryland has experienced various policy measures that have shaped development patterns. This thesis analyzes three spatially explicit parcel-level models of residential development in Baltimore County to examine the effects of land-use regulations on multiple density classes from 1996 to 2008. The first model analyzes the entire county, while the second analyzes areas outside the county urban growth boundary, while the third model studied areas inside the boundary. While this region has been previously analyzed, prior studies have generally ignored policy affects upon the density of new residential subdivisions. The use of a binary dependent variable, i.e. develop or not develop, represents a critical oversight as this assumes policy measures exert a uniform impact across all development types. This study addressed this issue with the literature by using a multinomial logit model to differentiate the effects of various development policies to better understand residential growth. The objective of this research is to determine what factors influence individual landowner's decision to convert an undeveloped property to residential use. The impacts of rural conservation (RC) zoning and urban growth boundaries (UGB) comprise the prominent land-use regulations analyzed in this study. The empirical estimates provided significant evidence that maximum density zoning effectively limits the density of new residential development in almost every model. Other policy measures, mainly rural legacy areas and critical areas, were generally found to be ineffective at limiting growth. This research concludes that maximum density zoning comprises the strongest tool for limiting development to a density mandated by the county government. Finally, maps depicting the predicted probability of development at two densities are included and discussed to indicate the areas most likely to be subdivided for residential land use.

Griffin, Alexander C.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Biofuels development in Maine: Using trees to oil the wheels of sustainability -Maine news, sports, obituaries, weather -Bangor Daily News http://bangordailynews.com/2013/03/12/opinion/biofuels-development-in-maine-using-trees-to-oil-the-wheels-of-sustain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels development in Maine: Using trees to oil the wheels of sustainability - Maine news, sports, obituaries, weather - Bangor Daily News http://bangordailynews.com/2013/03/12/opinion/biofuels-development-in-maine-using-trees-to-oil-the-wheels-of-sustainability/print/[3/13/2013 1:54:43 PM] Biofuels development

Thomas, Andrew

23

DEEP VADOSE ZONE APPLIED FIELD RESEARCH CENTER: TRANSFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION  

SciTech Connect

DOE-EM, Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation and DOE Richland, in collaboration with the Hanford site and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, have established the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Center (DVZ-AFRC). The DVZ-AFRC leverages DOE investments in basic science from the Office of Science, applied research from DOE EM Office of Technology Innovation and Development, and site operation (e.g., site contractors [CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Contractor and Washington River Protection Solutions], DOE-EM RL and ORP) in a collaborative effort to address the complex region of the deep vadose zone. Although the aim, goal, motivation, and contractual obligation of each organization is different, the integration of these activities into the framework of the DVZ-AFRC brings the resources and creativity of many to provide sites with viable alternative remedial strategies to current baseline approaches for persistent contaminants and deep vadose zone contamination. This cooperative strategy removes stove pipes, prevents duplication of efforts, maximizes resources, and facilitates development of the scientific foundation needed to make sound and defensible remedial decisions that will successfully meet the target cleanup goals for one of DOE EM's most intractable problems, in a manner that is acceptable by regulators.

Wellman, Dawn M.; Triplett, Mark B.; Freshley, Mark D.; Truex, Michael J.; Gephart, Roy E.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Chronister, Glen B.; Gerdes, Kurt D.; Chamberlain, Skip; Marble, Justin; Ramirez, Rosa

2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

24

Probabilistic timed behavior trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Behavior Tree notation has been developed as a method for systematically and traceably capturing user requirements. In this paper we extend the notation with probabilistic behaviour, so that reliability, performance, and other dependability properties ... Keywords: behavior trees, model checking, probabilities, timed automata

Robert Colvin; Lars Grunske; Kirsten Winter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Soft X-Ray Microscopy at HZB: Zone Plate Development and Imaging Using the Third Order of Diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) operates a transmission x-ray microscope (TXM) in the soft x-ray photon energy range with an energy resolution up to E/{Delta}E = 10{sup 4}. An approach to achieve ultrahigh spatial resolution with conventional, standard zone plate optics is to employ higher orders of diffraction of the zone plate objective. In this paper, we demonstrate that 11-nm lines and spaces of a multilayer test structure are clearly resolved by the x-ray microscope using the third order of diffraction of a zone plate objective with 20-nm outermost zone width. The disadvantage of high-order imaging is an about one order of magnitude lower diffraction efficiency of the used zone plates employed in the third order compared to the first order of diffraction. In addition, the measured background signal in the TXM images is no longer negligible. Therefore, we worked on the fabrication of zone plates with sub-20-nm outermost zone width to increase the spatial resolution in the first order of diffraction. A new high-resolution 100-keV e-beam lithography system from VISTEC, which was recently installed at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, makes these developments possible. Initial results on zone plates with an outermost zone width down to 15 nm exposed with the new e-beam system are presented. Furthermore, the contrast transfer function of the transmission x-ray microscope operating in partial coherence mode is measured by using the first and third diffraction order of the zone plate objective.

Rehbein, S.; Guttmann, P.; Werner, S.; Schneider, G. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Wilhelm-Conrad-Roentgen-Campus, BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

26

Gridling Trees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gridling Trees Gridling Trees Name: Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I need help!!!! Rabbits gridled three of my new trees last week. I am a first-time tree planter and I had no idea that this would happen and the folks at the nursery hadn't told us that this was a danger. The bark is gone. Is there any way I can save these trees? The trees are about seven feet tall. They are a crabapple, a dogwood, and an Eastern redbud. Is there any such thing as an artificial bark that I can put on them? Thank you for your help. Ellen Replies: Dear Ellen, "How can I save a tree that's been girdled by rabbits this winter? Can it be saved? That depends on several factors. How large is the tree? How much bark is girdled away? Girdling cuts off the tree's transportation system and could kill it. To prevent further damage from rabbits use a cage made of hardware mesh 1/4-inch. Enclose trunk far enough from bark to allow trunk diameter to expand as tree matures, and at least two feet higher than expected snow line. To protect against mice and voles push mesh two inches into the ground. (Protecting Trees and Shrubs Against Winter Damage, MES FO-1411-B.) "

27

Hollow Trees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hollow Trees Hollow Trees Nature Bulletin No. 335-A March 3, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation George W. Dunne, President HOLLOW TREES You may have heard the expression: "They couldn't see the forest for the trees". There was a time, especially in Germany, when foresters grew trees as farmers grow cabbages: thousands of acres covered with just one kind planted in long rows that were kept free of all seedlings, underbrush, dead or injured trees and everything but perfect specimens. For a while these plantations produced astonishing yields of lumber and the Germans boasted of them as models of "efficiency". The fact that they supported practically no wildlife -- only a few birds, no food for deer, and so forth -- was contemptuously dismissed.

28

cell tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. cell tree. (data structure). ... Concave objects are decomposed into convex pieces. Each convex piece is indexed in every cell which it overlaps. ...

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

29

Banana Trees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Banana Trees Banana Trees Name: Adele Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do Banana trees grow bananas?? I've been asked this question and no-one I know can provide an answer! Bananas do not have seeds in them to reproduce the tree (e.g you can grow a lemon tree from the seeds in the fruit but not a banana tree from a banana) What evolutionary justification is there for a banana tree to bear fruit? Replies: Hi Adele! you are right, one cannot seed a banana tree, still that kind of vegetal is reproduced and grows... As many other plants they have an asexual reproduction, where the new plants are identical in every respect to the parent plant.The asexual reproduction involves no union of cells or nuclei of cells, there are not mingling of genetic traits. Banana plant is a gigantic herb that grows from an under- ground stem ( rhizome),and forms a false trunk with leaves. There emerges a large flower spike, with numerous individual flowers, that bends downward to become fruits. After the plants had fruits, they die and are replaced by others that arise from the underground stem, and that process can keep on going for many years. Right?

30

Development of a Hydrologic Characterization Technology for Fault Zones Phase II 2nd Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usually, the drilling fluids and mud are temporarily storedbeen coated with thick drilling fluid, with added polymerdrilling in WF-4 at ~183 m, the zones in WF-1 responded to the lowering and rising of the fluid

Karasaki, Kenzi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Development of a Hydrologic Characterization Technology for Fault Zones Phase II 2nd Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4-28 4.6.1 Claremont Fm. chert and shalecontact between chert and shale of the Claremont Fm. andzone and strips of black shale. A second zone with mixtures

Karasaki, Kenzi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Importance, Identification, and Assessment of Danger and Hazard Trees Located Outside Electric Transmission Line Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric transmission line rights-of-way (ROWs) commonly pass through forested areas across North America. Trees from these forests could fall from outside the ROW into a transmission line and its security zone, potentially causing an outage. Most of the bulk transmission outages across the United States over the past decade have been caused by off-ROW trees. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) developed standards for transmission vegetation management programs that strictly regul...

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

33

Tree capillaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plants. According to our memories, at 33 feet the forces of capillary action and gravity cancel each other out. We would like to explore how a 100 foot tree can transport...

34

Tree Rings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was a lean year or a fat one. Each year, beneath the bark, the tree adds a layer of wood to its trunk which becomes that much larger in diameter. When conditions are ideal, the...

35

Tree Flowers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flowers Flowers Nature Bulletin No. 524-A April 6, 1974 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation TREE FLOWERS Many people do not realize that all of our common trees have flowers. Otherwise they could not produce seeds. We are apt to think of flowering trees as being those with showy blossoms -- most of them beautiful and some very fragrant -- such as the redbud, dogwood, buckeye, horse chestnut, black locust, tulip tree or yellow poplar, magnolia, and the fruit trees. However, all of our forest and shade trees have flowers -- of some kind -- which are just as interesting when examined with a strong reading glass. Some are grotesque, some exquisitely designed, some extremely colorful. They offer a new world to be explored and photographed. Some kinds, such as the elms, bloom profusely but the flowers are so small and delicately tinted that they are seldom noticed. Others, such as the poplars, oaks and walnuts, have peculiar flowers in the form of catkins that, without petals or sepals, do not look like flowers at all. The sycamore's tiny flowers are packed, in countless numbers, into a tight round ball that dangles back and forth on a long flexible stem.

36

Development of UCTE and reconnection of 1 st and 2nd Pan-European synchronous zones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Size and features of European electric power systems, like any other in the world, is subject to changes. The reason is of technical nature - increased work safety, as well as economic - the possibility of electricity trading i.e. increased production ... Keywords: UCTE, executive team for reconnection, reconnection, syncronous zone

Ivica Toljan; Eraldo Banovac; Sejid Tenjak

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Reinvestment Zones (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reinvestment Zones a local economic development tool used by municipalities and counties throughout the state of Texas. These zones can be created for the purpose of granting local businesses ad...

38

Tree Pests  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree Pests Tree Pests Name: Eric Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have found an odd species of borer infesting the trees in my area. It does not confine itself to any single species, but seems to move from tree to tree, somewhat like a plague. They originated in a stand of Chinese elm (ulmus parvifolia) and then moved to our bur oaks (quercus macrocarpa) and our native version of white ash (fraxinus americana). As these trees are few and far between, the borers have recently moved to the cottonwoods (populus deltoides) which line the creeks. The borers cut a half inch wide hole, usually straight into the trunk. They kick out mounds of sawdust every so often, and attempts to plug thier holes are removed, always during the evening. I recently was forced to destroy some of the elms as they had been completely ransacked by these borers, a cut into the trunks revealed five bore holes within two inches of each other, with 4 more spaced farther away. I did manage to track down one of the borers in the log. It was about 2 inches long, with reddish pink coloring and black "spines" all along it. It had a sickly white underside to it also. I was wondering if you could possibly say what type of borer this is, I suspect some kind of carpenterworm, but the local government offices have been no help. I would like to at least slow these things down in time to save the Ashes and Oaks, some of which are over three-hundred years old, which is virtually unknown in my area. (northwest Kansas) Thanks for your help!

39

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones -- Phase I, 2nd Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the year-end report of the 2nd year of the NUMO-LBNL collaborative project: Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones under NUMO-DOE/LBNL collaboration agreement, the task description of which can be found in the Appendix 3. Literature survey of published information on the relationship between geologic and hydrologic characteristics of faults was conducted. The survey concluded that it may be possible to classify faults by indicators based on various geometric and geologic attributes that may indirectly relate to the hydrologic property of faults. Analysis of existing information on the Wildcat Fault and its surrounding geology was performed. The Wildcat Fault is thought to be a strike-slip fault with a thrust component that runs along the eastern boundary of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. It is believed to be part of the Hayward Fault system but is considered inactive. Three trenches were excavated at carefully selected locations mainly based on the information from the past investigative work inside the LBNL property. At least one fault was encountered in all three trenches. Detailed trench mapping was conducted by CRIEPI (Central Research Institute for Electric Power Industries) and LBNL scientists. Some intriguing and puzzling discoveries were made that may contradict with the published work in the past. Predictions are made regarding the hydrologic property of the Wildcat Fault based on the analysis of fault structure. Preliminary conceptual models of the Wildcat Fault were proposed. The Wildcat Fault appears to have multiple splays and some low angled faults may be part of the flower structure. In parallel, surface geophysical investigations were conducted using electrical resistivity survey and seismic reflection profiling along three lines on the north and south of the LBNL site. Because of the steep terrain, it was difficult to find optimum locations for survey lines as it is desirable for them to be as straight as possible. One interpretation suggests that the Wildcat Fault is westerly dipping. This could imply that the Wildcat Fault may merge with the Hayward Fault at depth. However, due to the complex geology of the Berkeley Hills, multiple interpretations of the geophysical surveys are possible. iv An effort to construct a 3D GIS model is under way. The model will be used not so much for visualization of the existing data because only surface data are available thus far, but to conduct investigation of possible abutment relations of the buried formations offset by the fault. A 3D model would be useful to conduct 'what if' scenario testing to aid the selection of borehole drilling locations and configurations. Based on the information available thus far, a preliminary plan for borehole drilling is outlined. The basic strategy is to first drill boreholes on both sides of the fault without penetrating it. Borehole tests will be conducted in these boreholes to estimate the property of the fault. Possibly a slanted borehole will be drilled later to intersect the fault to confirm the findings from the boreholes that do not intersect the fault. Finally, the lessons learned from conducting the trenching and geophysical surveys are listed. It is believed that these lessons will be invaluable information for NUMO when it conducts preliminary investigations at yet-to-be selected candidate sites in Japan.

Karasaki, Kenzi; Onishi, Tiemi; Black, Bill; Biraud, Sebastien

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

Decision-table development for use with the CAT code for the automated fault-tree construction  

SciTech Connect

A library of decision tables to be used in connection with the CAT computer code for the automated construction of fault trees is presented. A decision table is constructed for each component type describing the output of the component in terms of its inputs and its internal states. In addition, a modification of the CAT code that couples it with a fault tree analysis code is presented. This report represents one aspect of a study entitled, 'A General Evaluation Approach to Risk-Benefit for Large Technological Systems, and Its Application to Nuclear Power.'

Wu, J.S.; Salem, S.L.; Apostolakis, G.E.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Hydrocarbons from plants and trees  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The way energy was used in the US in 1980 was examined. A diagram shows the development of energy from its source to its end use. The following are described: the carbon dioxide problem - the greenhouse effect, sugar cane as an energy source, hydrocarbon-producing plants and trees, and isoprenoids from plants and trees. (MHR)

Calvin, M.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Urban tree mortality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

influence tree maintenance and management practices. Thetree care, maintenance, and management (44%). MonitoringTree mortality Maintenance & management practices Human

Roman, Lara Angelica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Residual Oil Zones: Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico and West Texas A large new resource of recoverable oil has been identified in the San Andres dolomite Formation. Residual Oil Zones, ROZs, up to 300 thick containing 20-40 % oil in pores of the dolomitic reservoir are present both below and between presently productive fields. The oil in the ROZs is residual, i.e., not recoverable by primary production methods or water flooding, but oil is recoverable using enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods such as CO2 EOR. Although preliminary at this stage, the estimated oil in place in the ROZs

Basin Of New Mexico; West Texas; West Texas; Dr. Robert Trentham; L. Steven Melzer; David Vance; Arcadis U. S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Tree Diaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diaries Diaries Nature Bulletin No. 406-A February 13, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation TREE DIARIES We know a man whose life, as a civil engineer on construction projects, had been spent mostly out-of-doors but he knew very little about the plants and animals he saw. In 1945, after a long severe winter, March was usually warm and sunny. The birds came back north, the wildflowers bloomed, and the trees leafed out much earlier than in any year he could remember. So he spent every morning, from daybreak until time to go to work, walking through a forest preserve near his home, and he kept a diary of everything he saw. He had been doing that every year since 1945. He not only has some very valuable records but, in the meantime, by observing them carefully and studying about them in books, he has come to know more than most people about wildflowers, weeds, trees, birds, insects and other animals, and has had a lot of fun. Phenology, as it is called, can be an absorbing hobby and one of the best teachers. You also learn what an important factor weather is. For instance, there may be a difference of as much as a month in the earliest date of blooming of the skunk cabbage.

45

Trees Water People | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trees Water People Trees Water People Jump to: navigation, search Name Trees, Water & People Place Fort Collins, Colorado Zip 80524 Sector Renewable Energy Product Trees, Water & People develops and manages, on a not-for-profit basis, continuing reforestation, watershed protection, renewable energy, appropriate technology, and environmental education programs in Latin America and the American West. References Trees, Water & People[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Trees, Water & People is a company located in Fort Collins, Colorado . References ↑ "Trees, Water & People" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Trees_Water_People&oldid=352382

46

Development of a Coupled Land Surface Hydrologic Model and Evaluation at a Critical Zone Observatory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fully-coupled land surface hydrologic model, Flux-PIHM, is developed by incorporating a land-surface scheme into the Penn State Integrated Hydrologic Model (PIHM). The land-surface scheme is adapted from the Noah LSM. Because PIHM is capable of ...

Yuning Shi; Kenneth J. Davis; Christopher J. Duffy; Xuan Yu

47

(a,b)-tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of (a,b)-tree, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. (a,b)-tree. (data structure). ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

Birch Tree Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tree Capital Tree Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name Birch Tree Capital Place Framingham, Massachusetts Zip 1701 Sector Renewable Energy Product Financial advisory service with a project finance focus that has investor as well a project developer clients. Specialise in renewable power projects generating Federal tax credits and on-site cogeneration projects. References Birch Tree Capital[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Birch Tree Capital is a company located in Framingham, Massachusetts . References ↑ "Birch Tree Capital" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Birch_Tree_Capital&oldid=342882" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

49

Computer Aided Fault Tree Analysis System (CAFTA), Version 6.0 Demo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CAFTA is a computer software program used for developing reliability models of large complex systems, using fault tree and event tree methodology.DescriptionCAFTA is designed to meet the many needs of reliability analysts while performing fault tree/event tree analysis on a system or group of systems. It includes:Fault Tree Editor for building, updating and printing fault tree modelsEvent Tree Editor for building, ...

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

50

Forecast Issues in the Urban Zone: Report of the 10th Prospectus Development Team of the U.S. Weather Research Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 10th Prospectus Development Team (PDT10) of the U.S. Weather Research Program was charged with identifying research needs and opportunities related to the shortterm prediction of weather and air quality in urban forecast zones. Weather has ...

Walter F. Dabberdt; Andrew Crook; Cynthia Mueller; Jeremy Hales; Steven Zubrick; Witold Krajewski; J. Christopher Doran; Clark King; Ronald N. Keener; Robert Bornstein; David Rodenhuis; Paul Kocin; Michael A. Rossetti; Fred Sharrocks; Ellis M. Stanley Sr.

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Deep Vadose Zone  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Mission of the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative is to protect water resources across the DOE complex over the long-term by developing effective solutions to solve DOEs most...

52

The Tulip Tree  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Tulip Tree -- the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina. The paper or canoe birch of the north woods, because of its white bark and dainty leaves, is...

53

Growing Tulip Poplar Trees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a tree from seed...I have found several self-seeding in my foundation plantings from compost I brought from a community compost area. (Locusts are another prominent tree species...

54

Pine Tree Seed Germination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Seed Germination Pine Tree Seed Germination Name: Debbie Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I live in an area with many pine trees and pine cones. I would like to start seedlings to replace the older trees as I lose them. How do I do it? I have searched the internet for how but have yet to find an anwser. I've examined the pine cones and am at a loss, where are the seeds? I have soft long needle trees with medium pine cones, I have Hemlock trees with small cones and I have very sharp long needle trees with longer, narrow cones. Do the cones have to have already fallen off the tree before using seeds? Thank you!! Replies: Dear Debbie, The following may be helpful: http://www.uidaho.edu/cfwr/forres/nursery/research/research/projects.htm http://www.walden.org/thoreau/writings/seeds/dispersion_01.htm

55

Olive Trees in Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Olive Trees in Mexico Name: geert Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why do olive trees do not bear in Mexico's semi-arid highlands?. Ceratonia siliqua L. (carobs),...

56

Development of an integrated, in-situ remediation technology: Task 1 -- Evaluation of treatment zone formation options. Topical report, September 26, 1994--May 25, 1996  

SciTech Connect

Contamination in low permeability soils poses a significant technical challenge to in-situ remediation efforts. Poor accessibility to the contaminants and difficulty in delivery of treatment reagents have rendered existing in-situ treatments such as bioremediation, vapor extraction, pump and treat rather ineffective when applied to low permeability soils present at many contaminated sites. The technology is an integrated in-situ treatment in which established geotechnical methods are used to install degradation zones directly in the contaminated soil and electro-osmosis is utilized to move the contaminants back and forth through those zones until the treatment is completed. This topical report presents the results of evaluations by E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc. of treatment zone and electrode emplacement alternatives for use in the integrated treatment process. Specifically, the scope of this study was limited to vertical configuration emplacements. Several promising alternatives were identified ranging from approaches involving standard excavation techniques to relatively specialized geotechnical construction methods which could be modified for the treatment zone emplacement purpose. Information developed in this report is designed to help the user select the most promising emplacement method(s) for a given site on the basis of (1) depth of emplacement, and (2) restrictions on handling excavated soils. Advantages, disadvantages, and estimated costs are identified for each alternative, and possible bases for improvement and cost reduction through further development are described.

Shoemaker, S.H.; Landis, R.C.; Griffith, R.J.; Schultz, D.S. [Monsanto Co., St. Louis, MO (United States); Quinton, G.E. [E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc., Wilmington, DE (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Approximating geodesic tree distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Billera, Holmes, and Vogtmann introduced an intriguing new phylogenetic tree metric for weighted trees with useful properties related to statistical analysis. However, the best known algorithm for calculating this distance is exponential in the number ... Keywords: Analysis of algorithms, Phylogeny, Tree metric

Nina Amenta; Matthew Godwin; Nicolay Postarnakevich; Katherine St. John

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Western Renewable Energy Zones (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes recent developments and trends pertaining to competitive renewable energy zones, transmission planning and the integration of renewable generation resources.

Hein, J.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

300 Area Treatability Test: Laboratory Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In Situ Treatment of Uranium Contamination in the Vadose Zone and Capillary Fringe  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results from bench-scale treatability studies conducted under site-specific conditions to optimize the polyphosphate amendment for implementation of a field-scale technology demonstration to stabilize uranium within the 300 Area vadose and smear zones of the Hanford Site. The general treatability testing approach consisted of conducting studies with site sediment and under site conditions, to develop an effective chemical formulation and infiltration approach for the polyphosphate amendment under site conditions. Laboratory-scale dynamic column tests were used to 1) quantify the retardation of polyphosphate and its degradation products as a function of water content, 2) determine the rate of polyphosphate degradation under unsaturated conditions, 3) develop an understanding of the mechanism of autunite formation via the reaction of solid phase calcite-bound uranium and aqueous polyphosphate remediation technology, 4) develop an understanding of the transformation mechanism, the identity of secondary phases, and the kinetics of the reaction between uranyl-carbonate and -silicate minerals with the polyphosphate remedy under solubility-limiting conditions, and 5) quantify the extent and rate of uranium released and immobilized based on the infiltration rate of the polyphosphate remedy and the effect of and periodic wet-dry cycling on the efficacy of polyphosphate remediation for uranium in the vadose zone and smear zone.

Wellman, Dawn M.; Pierce, Eric M.; Bacon, Diana H.; Oostrom, Martinus; Gunderson, Katie M.; Webb, Samuel M.; Bovaird, Chase C.; Cordova, Elsa A.; Clayton, Eric T.; Parker, Kent E.; Ermi, Ruby M.; Baum, Steven R.; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

60

Dorchester County- Renewable Zoning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Dorchester County zoning codes specifically permit solar arrays and small wind turbines in many zoning districts.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Christmas Tree Decorations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree Decorations Tree Decorations Nature Bulletin No. 211-A December 18, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CHRISTMAS TREE DECORATIONS Christmas trees, decorated or "trimmed", apparently were first used in this country during the Revolutionary War by Hessian soldiers who, hired to fight for England, were thinking of the customs in their German homeland. An account of the festivities here at Fort Dearborn, in 1804, mentions a spruce Christmas tree. Some say that a Harvard professor from Germany had one in 1824. There is reliable evidence that there was such a tree in Cambridge, Mass., in 1832; and in Philadelphia two years later. The idea and the tradition spread rapidly through this country.

62

Deciduous Trees in Florida  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deciduous Trees in Florida Deciduous Trees in Florida Name: Joanne Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Do peach trees loose there leaves in winter in Florida? Replies: Taylor Peach trees are deciduous, so yes, they lose their leaves: http://www.ehow.com/facts_7021010_information-deciduous-fruit-trees-florida.html Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Harvard University Herbaria c/o Missouri Botanical Garden This depends on the latitude. South of Immokalee, peach trees could stay evergreen year-round. However, they also will not bear fruit because a "chilling period" is needed to prime the tree for production in the spring. It simply doesn't get cool enough to pull this physiological trigger. Otherwise, a tree should drop its leaves in preparation for winter dormancy. If the early winter has been unseasonably warm and the trees have not dropped their leaves by mid-December, then a zinc sulfate solution can be applied to artificially induce defoliation.

63

TreeDec Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... then the temporary directory tree is left intact. ... ancestor_sep=" >> " # insert decorations right after the ... consists of zero or more tab characters so ...

64

Urban tree mortality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of European beech with projection matrix models. Annals ofand tree population projections in Baltimore, Maryland, USA.comparing modeled projections of a declining coniferous

Roman, Lara Angelica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Automated extensible XML tree diagrams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

XML is a tree-oriented meta-language and understanding XML structures can often involve the construction of visual trees. These trees may use a variety of graphics for chosen elements and often condense or elide sections of the tree to aid focus, as ... Keywords: functional programming, svg, xml trees, xslt

John Lumley

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Variability management of safety and reliability models: an intermediate model towards systematic reuse of component fault trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reuse of fault trees helps in reducing costs and effort when conducting Fault Tree Analyses (FTAs) for a set of similar systems. Some approaches have been proposed for the systematic reuse of fault trees along with the development of a product line of ... Keywords: component fault trees, fault tree analysis, product line engineering, safety and reliability, variability management

Carolina Gmez; Peter Liggesmeyer; Ariane Sutor

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Student Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Zone Student Zone Homework Helpers All About Atoms - Learn about the parts of the atom! Virginia State Standards of Learning Practice Tests - Practice taking the SOL tests! Subjects currently include algebra, math, science and technology. Table of Elements - Basic physical and historical information about the elements! [Printable Version] Questions and Answers - Have a question? Need an answer? Check here first! Glossary of Science Terms - Definitions of some of the terms used on this site. Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour - How do scientists explore inside atoms? Video Resources Frostbite Theater - Short science experiments using liquid nitrogen, static electricity and more! Physics Out Loud - Jefferson Lab scientists and other experts explain some of the common words and terms used in nuclear physics research.

68

Tangles, trees, and flowers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tangle of order k in a matroid or graph may be thought of as a ''k-connected component''. For a tangle of order k in a matroid or graph that satisfies a certain robustness condition, we describe a tree decomposition of the matroid or graph that displays, ... Keywords: Connectivity, Matroids, Tangles, Tree decomposition

Ben Clark, Geoff Whittle

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

70

Why do trees have leaves?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why do trees have leaves? Replies: Leaves are the trees' primary organs of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process in which the energy of sunlight is collected and...

71

Severe accident analysis using dynamic accident progression event trees.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In present, the development and analysis of Accident Progression Event Trees (APETs) are performed in a manner that is computationally time consuming, difficult to reproduce (more)

Hakobyan, Aram P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

An Investigation of Deformation and Fluid Flow at Subduction Zones Using Newly Developed Instrumentation and Finite Element Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by offshore hydrologic instrumentation monitoring in thewith continuous GPS instrumentation and seismic networks [Using Newly Developed Instrumentation and Finite Element

LaBonte, Alison L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

An investigation of deformation and fluid flow at subduction zones using newly developed instrumentation and finite element modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by offshore hydrologic instrumentation monitoring in thewith continuous GPS instrumentation and seismic networks [Using Newly Developed Instrumentation and Finite Element

LaBonte, Alison Louise

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Louisiana Economic Development The Enterprise Zone Program is a jobs incentive program providing Louisiana income and franchise tax credits to businesses hiring at least 35% of net, new jobs from targeted groups. Enterprise Zones (EZs) are areas with high unemployment, low income, or a high percentage of residents receiving some

75

Saving Trees and Ozone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

makemore.html but trees don't have any big direct impact on this, although oxygen produced by early algaephytoplankton probably initially helped create it millions of years ago....

76

Drawing phylogenetic trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present linear-time algorithms for drawing phylogenetic trees in radial and circular representations. In radial drawings given edge lengths (representing evolutionary distances) are preserved, but labels (names of taxons represented in the leaves) ...

Christian Bachmaier; Ulrik Brandes; Barbara Schlieper

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Tree Frog Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree Frog Biology Name: toreyi Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: My mom transplanted a house cactus and found a frog buried in the soil. We do not want to throw it...

78

Lattice embeddings of trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note presents a linear algorithm that isometrically embeds a given tree T into an integer lattice of minimal dimension and allows one to compute the lattice coordinates of every single vertex of T in optimal time.

Wilfried Imrich; Matja Kove

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program provides business tax credits to businesses that invest, develop, expand, and create jobs in identified Border-Cities Enterprise Zones. Companies may be...

80

Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption (Kansas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption offers businesses located in such economic development zones a 100 percent sales tax exemption on the purchase of labor and materials to construct or remodel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Trees in the winter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trees in the winter Trees in the winter Name: John H Hersey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do some trees in the winter lose their leaves and some are able to keep their leaves? Replies: John, You can view the leaves on a tree as its food manufacturing factory. For some trees, especially those which live in areas which become cold in the winter, the 'factories' do their work during the normal growing season and are forced to 'shut-down' over the winter months. There are many evergreens which hold their foliage all year, simply dropping some of them periodically as they age and become less efficient to be replaced by new needles. Larches in the area where I live are conifers which lose their needles, which is quite rare. You can see that foliage on a tree presents a problem: water loss from a tree is greatest in its foliage. A tree has to 'decide' (and this has occurred over millennia by evolution) whether to hold its foliage or shed it. If it decides to hold the foliage, then it must provide a means of insuring conservation of water, especially in the winter months when dry cold winds remove water which is not easily replace due to liquid water in the environment being frozen. Many plant's adaptation has been the production of a waxy cuticle to 'seal-off' the leaf from the environment and reduce water loss. You can understand that in the northern latitude's winters, sunlight duration and intensity drops, and for some plants the best solution has involved shedding the leaves for the winter, and growing a new set of 'factories' in the spring.

82

Development of a Regional Climate Model for U.S. Midwest Applications. Part I: Sensitivity to Buffer Zone Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional climate model (RCM) is being developed for U.S. Midwest applications on the basis of the newly released Pennsylvania State UniversityNCAR Fifth-Generation Mesoscale Model (MM5), version 3.3. This study determines the optimal RCM ...

Xin-Zhong Liang; Kenneth E. Kunkel; Arthur N. Samel

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 07/12/2006 State Michigan Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount 100% abatement of Michigan Business Tax, state education tax, personal and real property taxes, and local income taxes Provider Michigan Economic Development Corporation In 2006, Michigan enacted legislation allowing for the creation of Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones (RERZ). Renaissance zones -- renewable energy renaissance zones are just one type -- offer significant tax

84

Enterprise Zones (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Zones (Iowa) Zones (Iowa) Enterprise Zones (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Enterprise Zone Industry Recruitment/Support Training/Technical Assistance Provider Iowa Economic Development Authority The Enterprise Zones Program is an incentive for business expansion designed to stimulate development by targeting economically distressed areas in Iowa. Through state and local tax incentives, businesses and developers are encouraged to make new investments, and create or retain

85

Source Tree Composition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dividing software systems in components improves software reusability as well as software maintainability. Components live at several levels, we concentrate on the implementation level where components are formed by source files, divided over directory structures. Such source code components are usually strongly coupled in the directory structure of a software system. Their compilation is usually controlled by a single global build process. This entangling of source trees and build processes often makes reuse of source code components in different software systems difficult. It also makes software systems inflexible because integration of additional source code components in source trees and build processes is difficult. This paper's subject is to increase software reuse by decreasing coupling of source code components. It is achieved by automized assembly of software systems from reusable source code components and involves integration of source trees, build processes, and configuration processes. Application domains include generative programming, product-line architectures, and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software engineering.

Merijn De Jonge

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ban revitalization mechanisms, such as car-free zoning, newur- banism, car-free redevelopment, and pedestriandesired to live in a car-free project. REIM AIRPORT - MUNICH

Kushner, James A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Tree transport system  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree transport system Tree transport system Name: Paul K Harding Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How can trees get that tall? How can the transport of water function that good? Normally one could think that trees can get only 10 m high because then the pressure of the air would be to weak to transport the water and a vacuum would occur. Or do trees use a system of one pump-system after another to solve that problem? Replies: Okay, the answer is two-fold. One, the column of water travelling up the trunk of the tree is only a couple of molecules wide, moving up from cell to cell. You can think of each cell as a "valve" if you will, holding the water and keeping it from flowing down the trunk (unless you WANT it to go that way, in the case of sugar laden water moving to storage areas in the roots) until it can be moved to the next cell up, and so on and so on. The second part involves diffusion. Cells can diffuse certain chemical compounds through their cell walls while simultaneously holding onto others. By having a gradient of increasing chemical concentration as you go up the trunk, you can cause a gradual diffusion of water up the trunk (since water travels relatively freely through the cell walls) and thereby creates and exception to the rule of 10 meters being the maximum height for a column of water -- you've effectively added energy to the system to "pump" water up the trunk.

88

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zone refining process was applied to Pu metal containing known amounts of impurities. Rod specimens of plutonium metal were melted into and contained in tantalum boats, each of which was passed horizontally through a three-turn, high-frequency coil in such a manner as to cause a narrow molten zone to pass through the Pu metal rod 10 times. The impurity elements Co, Cr, Fe, Ni, Np, U were found to move in the same direction as the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. The elements Al, Am, and Ga moved in the opposite direction of the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. As the impurity alloy was zone refined, {delta}-phase plutonium metal crystals were produced. The first few zone refining passes were more effective than each later pass because an oxide layer formed on the rod surface. There was no clear evidence of better impurity movement at the slower zone refining speed. Also, constant or variable coil power appeared to have no effect on impurity movement during a single run (10 passes). This experiment was the first step to developing a zone refining process for plutonium metal.

Blau, M.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Development of an assessment methodology for geopressured zones of the upper Gulf Coast based on a study of abnormally pressured gas fields in south Texas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed study of the producing gas fields in south Texas has identified a total of 47 abnormally pressured fields in a six-county area including Hidalgo, Brooks, Cameron, Willacy, Kenedy, and Live Oak Counties. An assessment methodology for assessing the potential of the deep geopressured zone in south Texas as an energy resource was developed, based on investigation of the reservoir parameters of these fields. This methodology is transferrable to broad areas of the Gulf Coast. The depth of the geopressured zone in the study area ranges from 7000 ft in western Hidalgo to 12,000 ft in central Cameron County. Temperature data from within the fields, corrected to undisturbed reservoir values, yields a 300/sup 0/F isogeothermal surface at depths from 10,500 ft to 17,000 ft over the study area. The question of fluid deliverability was found to be paramount in determining the potential of the geopressure-geothermal resource as a practical source of energy. The critical parameter is the effective reservoir permeability throughout the study region. Individual fields were assessed for their potential to produce large quantities of geothermal fluid based on reservoir study and detailed geological investigation. Five locations within the study region have been selected as potential candidates for further evaluation and possible eventual testing. Based on investigation of permeability and temperature, the upper limit of fluid temperature likely to be produced in the lower south Texas study region is 300/sup 0/F. In Live Oak County, the possibility of producing fluid at higher temperatures is somewhat improved, with a reasonable possibility of producing fluid at 350/sup 0/ to 375/sup 0/F.

Swanson, R K; Oetking, P; Osoba, J S; Hagens, R C

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Technology Zones (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Virginias 26 designated Technology Zones offer tax relief in the form of abatements, credits, deductions, deferrals, exemptions, or rebates. Local governments may designate technology zones to...

91

Chain-Constrained spanning trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of finding a spanning tree satisfying a family of additional constraints. Several settings have been considered previously, the most famous being the problem of finding a spanning tree with degree constraints. Since the problem ...

Neil Olver; Rico Zenklusen

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Forecast Technical Document Tree Species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Tree Species A document listing the tree species included in the 2011 Production Forecast Tom Jenkins Justin Gilbert Ewan Mackie Robert Matthews #12;PF2011 ­ List of tree species The following is the list of species used within the Forecast System. Species are ordered alphabetically

93

Red-Black Trees Red-black trees are binary search trees that sat-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Red-Black Trees Red-black trees are binary search trees that sat- isfy: 1. Every node is either red or black. 2. If a node is red, then its parent is black. 3. For a given node, every path to a nil has the same number of black nodes, called black- height. A red-black tree with n nodes has h 2 lg

Bylander, Tom

94

Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Algorithm Design Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia #12;Red-Black Tree A red-black tree is a binary search tree, and each node contains one extra field: its color, it can be either black or red of the binary search tree. If a binary search tree satisfies all the following red-black properties, it is a red-black

Chen, Yangjun

95

METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS 90SR AND 137CS IN-VIVO MEASUREMENTS OF SMALL ANIMALS AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL MEDIA DEVELOPED FOR THE CONDITIONS OF THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE  

SciTech Connect

To perform in vivo simultaneous measurements of the {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs content in the bodies of animals living in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ), an appropriate method and equipment were developed and installed in a mobile gamma beta spectrometry laboratory. This technique was designed for animals of relatively small sizes (up to 50 g). The {sup 90}Sr content is measured by a beta spectrometer with a 0.1 mm thick scintillation plastic detector. The spectrum processing takes into account the fact that the measured object is 'thick-layered' and contains a comparable quantity of {sup 137}Cs, which is a characteristic condition of the ChEZ. The {sup 137}Cs content is measured by a NaI scintillation detector that is part of the combined gamma beta spectrometry system. For environmental research performed in the ChEZ, the advantages of this method and equipment (rapid measurements, capability to measure live animals directly in their habitat, and the capability of simultaneous {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs measurements) far outweigh the existing limitations (considerations must be made for background radiation and the animal size, skeletal shape and body mass). The accuracy of these in vivo measurements is shown to be consistent with standard spectrometric and radiochemical methods. Apart from the in vivo measurements, the proposed methodology, after a very simple upgrade that is also described in the article, works even more accurately with samples of other media, such as soil and plants.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia) Georgia) Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Enterprise Zone Personal Tax Incentives Property Tax Incentive Provider Georgia Department of Community Affairs The Enterprise Zone Program provides various tax incentives to businesses within designated underdeveloped zones in rural or urban areas. The State Enterprise Zone program intends to improve geographic areas within cities

97

Geothermal Lost Circulation Zone Mapping Tool  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lost circulation is an expensive and often encountered problem when drilling into geothermal formations. A method is needed to more accurately describe loss zones encountered during geothermal drilling to allow for more realistic testing since present testing techniques are inadequate. A Lost Circulation Zone Mapping Tool (LCZMT) is being developed that will quickly locate a loss zone and then provide a visual image of this zone as it intersects the wellbore. A modified Sandia high temperature Acoustic Borehole Televiewer should allow modeling of geothermal loss zones, which would in turn lead to testing that can be performed to evaluate lost circulation materials under simulated downhole conditions. 5 refs., 5 figs.

Bauman, T.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Trees of the Bible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the Bible of the Bible Nature Bulletin No. 676-A April 21, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation TREES OF THE BIBLE The King James Version of the Bible mentions seven flowers, seven vegetables, several spices, and thirty-seven differently named trees. Some -- such as cypress, shittah, ash, and teil -- appear only once. Others -- notably the palm, olive, fig, and cedar -- occur many times. This version was completed in 1611, long before botany became an exact science. Like several others, it was a translation by scholars who were not botanists, had never visited the Holy Land, did not realize that the native plants in that region were far different from plants in northern Europe, and made the mistake of identifying some of those mentioned in the Scriptures with familiar plants in England.

99

Induced states in a decision tree constructed by Q-learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops a tree-construction method based on the framework of reinforcement learning (RL). The induction of a decision tree is regarded as a problem of RL, where the optimal policy should be found to obtain the maximal accumulated information ... Keywords: CART, Critic-actor model, Decision trees, Q-learning, Reinforcement learning, State space partition

Kao-Shing Hwang; Yu-Jen Chen; Wei-Cheng Jiang; Tsung-Wen Yang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Population and conservation genomics of forest trees: seeing the forest for the trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DB, Kremer A: Forest tree genomics: Growing resources andPopulation and conservation genomics of forest trees: seeingPopulation and conservation genomics of forest trees: seeing

Eckert, Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Enterprise Zone Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development Enhanced Enterprise Zones aim at attracting new businesses or promoting an expansion of existing business in Missouri Enhanced Enterprise Zone. Tax credits will be an amount authorized by DED, based on the state economic benefit, supported by the number of new jobs, wages and new capital investment that the project will create. To qualify, individual business eligibility will be determined by the zone, based on creation of

102

Life in a Tree Hole  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree Hole Tree Hole Nature Bulletin No. 581 November 21, 1959 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H Thompson, Senior Naturalist LIFE IN A TREE HOLE A forest is much more than just trees. It includes all of the underbrush, wildflowers and other vegetation that grow beneath these trees; as well as all of its animal life, both large and small. Sunshine, rain, wind, soil, and the leaf litter on the ground are part of it, too. A forest is a community -- a fabric in which the lives of its inhabitants are woven together and into their surroundings by a complex web of interrelations. Tree holes -- together with the birds, mammals and small life which they shelter -- furnish an important binding force in this forest community.

103

Schematisation of Tree Drawings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Given a tree T spanning a set of points S in the plane, we study the problem of drawing T using only line segments aligned with a fixed set of directions C. The vertices in the drawing must lie within a given distance r of each original point p ? S, and an objective function counting the number of bends must be minimised. We propose five versions of this problem using different objective functions, and algorithms to solve them. This work has potential applications in geographic map schematisation and metro map layout. 1

Joachim Gudmundsson; Marc Van Kreveld; Damian Merrick

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Enterprise Zone Program (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Program provides eligible businesses that relocate or expand to a designated zone with tax incentives such as: 1) an investment tax credit; 2) a job tax credit for each job...

105

MODIFIED ZONE METHOD CALCULATOR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Zone Method is recommended for R-value calculations in steel stud walls by the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals ASHRAE 1997. The Modified Zone Method is similar to the...

106

Coastal Zone Management Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Management Act Zone Management Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Coastal Zone Management Act Year 1972 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description The Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (CZMA; Pub.L. 92-583, 86 Stat. 1280, enacted October 27, 1972, 16 U.S.C. §§ 1451-1464, Chapter 33) is an Act of Congress passed in 1972 to encourage coastal states to develop and implement coastal zone management plans (CZMPs). This act was established as a United States National policy to preserve, protect, develop, and where possible, restore or enhance, the resources of the Nation's coastal zone for this and succeeding generations. References Wikipedia[1] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[2] The U.S. Congress recognized the importance of meeting the challenge of

107

ASHRAE Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search Subtype A Subtype B Subtype C Climate Zone Number 1 Zone 1A Zone 1B NA Climate Zone Number 2 Zone 2A Zone 2B NA Climate Zone...

108

The 2-hop spanning tree problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spanning tree in a graph G where each node has distance at most 2 from a root node r is called a 2-hop spanning tree. For given edge weights the 2-hop spanning tree problem is to find a minimum weight 2-hop spanning tree. The problem is NP-hard. We ... Keywords: Hop-constrained spanning tree, Integer programming, Polyhedra

Geir Dahl

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Bent Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bent Tree Wind Farm Bent Tree Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Bent Tree Wind Farm Facility Bent Tree Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wisconsin Power and Light Co. Developer Wisconsin Power and Light Co. Location 4 miles North of Albert Lea MN Coordinates 43.78544°, -93.452282° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.78544,"lon":-93.452282,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

110

Pine Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Tree Wind Farm Pine Tree Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Wind Farm Facility Pine Tree Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Developer Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Energy Purchaser Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Location North of Mojave CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

111

Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z #12;Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison with its associated (2,4) tree

Alechina, Natasha

112

Hanford double shell tank corrosion monitoring instrument trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-level nuclear wastes at the Hanford site are stored underground in carbon steel double-shell and single-shell tanks - (DSTs and SSTS). Westinghouse Hanford Company is considering installation of a prototype corrosion monitoring instrument tree in at least one DST in the summer of 1995. The instrument tree will have the ability to detect and discriminate between uniform corrosion, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and pitting. Additional instrument trees will follow in later years. Proof-of-technology testing is currently underway for the use of commercially available electric field pattern (EFP) analysis and electrochemical noise (EN) corrosion monitoring equipment. Creative use and combinations of other existing technologies is also being considered. Successful demonstration of these technologies will be followed by the development of a Hanford specific instrument tree. The first instrument tree will incorporate one of these technologies. Subsequent trees may include both technologies, as well as a more standard assembly of corrosion coupons. Successful development of these trees will allow their application to single shell tanks and the transfer of technology to other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites.

Nelson, J.L.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Genetic conservation of native trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genetic conservation of native trees Scott McG. Wilson1 and C. J. A. Samuel Over recent years, the genetic conservation of British native tree populations has become an increasingly important part policy-makers in the genetic basis of forest biodiversity conservation, both at the UK and, more

114

Minimising decision tree size as combinatorial optimisation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision tree induction techniques attempt to find small trees that fit a training set of data. This preference for smaller trees, which provides a learning bias, is often justified as being consistent with the principle of Occam's Razor. Informally, ...

Christian Bessiere; Emmanuel Hebrard; Barry O'Sullivan

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Persimmon Tree Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tree Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name Persimmon Tree Capital Place Washington, DC Zip 20037 Sector Renewable Energy Product Persimmon is a private equity fund...

116

Big Tree Climate Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

"Big Tree Climate Fund" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBigTreeClimateFund&oldid342728" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies...

117

Tree leaves in the winter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree leaves in the winter Tree leaves in the winter Name: ethel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do leaves fall off of some trees in the winter? Replies: An interesting question, Ethel. Biologists generally try to explain behavior in terms of a response or adaptation to an environmental challenge. The challenge in this example is thought to be snowfall. The idea is that a massive accumulation of snow in a large tree canopy would lead to mechanical damage or breakage of tree limbs or the trunk. Most deciduous trees (those that lose leaves in fall) have broad flat leaves that catch snow quite well. The advantage of this type of leaf is that they also catch the sunlight well in the summer growing season, allowing efficient photosynthesis to support rapid summer growth. The leaves are not needed in the winter because cold temperatures inhibit the enzymes of photosynthesis and prevent significant growth. Another interesting question is how evergreen trees have adapted to similar environmental challenges using a different strategy. Ask me a about it if you are interested.

118

Incentive zoning and environmental quality in Boston's Fenway neighborhood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A density bonus, also called incentive zoning, is a conditional liberalization of zoning regulations, allowing a real estate development to exceed as-of-right density limits in exchange for the in-kind provision or purchase ...

DeFlorio, Joshua (Joshua C.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Geothermal: Educational Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGIES LEGACY COLLECTION - Educational Zone Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search About...

120

Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tree Growth Regulators for Management of Trees in Electric Utility Rights-of-Way: A Literature and Current Application Status Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical growth regulators -- initially developed for horticultural and field crops -- provide a promising, cost-effective tool for management of trees under electric transmission and distribution lines in utility rights-of-way (ROWs). Paclobutrazol (commercial product Profile 2SC) and flurprimidol (commercial product Cutless tree implants) are potent tree growth regulators for a broad range of herbaceous and woody gymnosperm and angiosperm species. This review summarizes the published literatu...

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

122

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate zone refining techniques for the purification of plutonium metal. The redistribution of 10 impurity elements from zone melting was examined. Four tantalum boats were loaded with plutonium impurity alloy, placed in a vacuum furnace, heated to 700{degrees}C, and held at temperature for one hour. Ten passes were made with each boat. Metallographic and chemical analyses performed on the plutonium rods showed that, after 10 passes, moderate movement of certain elements were achieved. Molten zone speeds of 1 or 2 inches per hour had no effect on impurity element movement. Likewise, the application of constant or variable power had no effect on impurity movement. The study implies that development of a zone refining process to purify plutonium is feasible. Development of a process will be hampered by two factors: (1) the effect on impurity element redistribution of the oxide layer formed on the exposed surface of the material is not understood, and (2) the tantalum container material is not inert in the presence of plutonium. Cold boat studies are planned, with higher temperature and vacuum levels, to determine the effect on these factors. 5 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Vegetation Dynamics Along Utility Rights-of-Way Factors Affecting the Ability of Shrub and Herbaceous Communities to Resist Invasion by Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional vegetation management programs along utility rights-of-way (ROW) have been designed to prevent tree growth into transmission wire security zones. This study of vegetation dynamics describes factors affecting the ability of shrub and herbaceous communities to resist tree invasion. Such information will allow ecologists to identify the critical pressure points where intervention in natural ecological processes will prove most effective.

1999-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

124

Automated Spectral Zones Selection Methodology for Diffusion Theory Data Preparation for Pebble Bed Reactor Analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A methodology is developed for the determination of the optimum spectral zones in Pebble Bed Reactors (PBR). In this work a spectral zone is defined (more)

Mphahlele, Ramatsemela

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An Evaluation of Entrance Ramp Metering for Freeway Work Zones using Digital Simulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Entrance ramp metering in freeway work zones was investigated to develop a set of guidelines for entrance ramp control strategies in freeway work zones considering (more)

Oner, Erdinc

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

TREES AND BRANCHES IN BANACH SPACES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. An infinite dimensional notion of asymptotic structure is considered. This notion is developed in terms of trees and branches on Banach spaces. Every countably infinite countably branching tree T of a certain type on a space X is presumed to have a branch with some property. It is shown that then X can be embedded into a space with an FDD (Ei) so that all normalized sequences in X which are almost a skipped blocking of (Ei) have that property. As an application of our work we prove that if X is a separable reflexive Banach space and for some 1 0, there exists a finite codimensional subspace of X which C 2 + ? embeds into the ?p sum of finite dimensional spaces. 1.

E. Odell; Th. Schlumprecht

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Approximating stochastic volatility by recombinant trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general method to construct recombinant tree approximations for stochastic volatility models is developed and applied to the Heston model for stock price dynamics. In this application, the resulting approximation is a four tuple Markov process. The ?first two components are related to the stock and volatility processes and take values in a two dimensional Binomial tree. The other two components of the Markov process are the increments of random walks with simple values in {-1; +1}. The resulting effi?cient option pricing equations are numerically implemented for general American and European options including the standard put and calls, barrier, lookback and Asian type pay-o?ffs. The weak and extended weak convergence are also proved.

Akyildirim, Erdinc; Soner, H Mete

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Why Sequence the Eukalyptus Tree  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Eucalyptus Tree? the Eucalyptus Tree? The fast-growing, 13-year-old Eucalyptus grandis tree to be sequenced, BRASUZ1. Photo courtesy Dario Grattapaglia, Embrapa. A major challenge for the achievement of a sustainable energy future is our understanding of the molecular basis of superior growth and adaptation in woody plants suitable for biomass production. Eucalyptus species are among the fastest growing woody plants in the world, with mean annual increments up to 100 cubic meter per hectare. Eucalyptus is the most valuable and most widely planted genus of plantation forest trees in the world (ca. 18 million hectares) due to its wide adaptability, extremely fast growth rate, good form, and excellent wood and fiber properties. Eucalyptus is also listed as one of the U.S. Department of Energy's candidate biomass energy

129

Fault Tree Analysis - A Bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault tree analysis is a top-down approach to the identification of process hazards. It is touted as one of the best methods for systematically identifying and graphically displaying the many ways something can go wrong. This bibliography references ...

Program NASA Scientific and Technical Information

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Infinite towers of tree lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let X be alocally finite tree and let G = Aut(X). Then G is naturally a locally compact group ([BL], Ch. 3). A discrete subgroup ? ? G is called an X-lattice if (1) Vol(?\\\\X): = ?

Lisa Carbone; Gabriel Rosenberg

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Zone program (Ohio) Zone program (Ohio) The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Enterprise Zone Property Tax Incentive Provider Ohio Development Services Agency The Ohio Enterprise Zone program is an economic development tool administered by municipal and county governments that provides real and personal property tax exemptions to businesses making investments in Ohio. In order to use the Enterprise Zone program, communities petition to the Ohio Department of Development for certification of a geographical zone with a contiguous boundary. Once a zone is certified, communities may enter

132

City of Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations City of Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider City of Sacramento Sacramento City Code, Title 16, Section 16.48.110 ensures that the Director of Parks and Community Services gives consideration to solar access, to the extent feasible, when selecting and planting residential street trees near residential buildings. Sacramento City Code, Title 17, Section 17.220.010 contains a provision requiring the planning commission or zoning administrator to consider

133

Fiber, fuel and food from whole-tree chips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future shortages of fiber, fuel, and food are predicted. Because forests are renewable, they have the potential of solving long and short-term shortages if each tree is more completely utilized. The combined vacuum-airlift and steaming-compression debarking process developed by the USDA Forest Service segregates whole-tree chips into foliage, wood chips, bark, and fines at an estimated processing cost of $5.14 per oven-dry debarked metric ton. Several alternatives are available for utilizing the wood chips, bark, and foliage. The value of the bark as a fuel and the folage as an animal feed supplement more than covers the cost of upgrading the whole-tree chips. Beneficiation of whole-tree chips coupled with intergrated utilization should improve chip quality, reduce costs, and help the pulp and paper industry become energy self-sufficient. (Refs. 34).

Sturos, J.A.; Dickson, R.E.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Hanford double shell tank corrosion monitoring instrument tree prototype  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-level nuclear wastes at the Hanford site are stored underground in carbon steel double-shell and single-shell tanks (DSTs and SSTs). The installation of a prototype corrosion monitoring instrument tree into DST 241-A-101 was completed in December 1995. The instrument tree has the ability to detect and discriminate between uniform corrosion, pitting, and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) through the use of electrochemical noise measurements and a unique stressed element, three-electrode probe. The tree itself is constructed of AISI 304L stainless steel (UNS S30403), with probes in the vapor space, vapor/liquid interface and liquid. Successful development of these trees will allow their application to single shell tanks and the transfer of technology to other US Department of Energy (DOE) sites. Keywords: Hanford, radioactive waste, high-level waste tanks, electrochemical noise, probes, double-shell tanks, single-shell tanks, corrosion.

Nelson, J.L.; Edgemon, G.L.; Ohl, P.C.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Seismic imaging of the mantle transition zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we developed a generalized Radon transform of SS precursors for large-scale, high-resolution seismo-stratigraphy of the upper mantle transition zone. The generalized Radon transform (GRT) is based on the ...

Cao, Qin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Inferring Species Trees Directly from Biallelic Genetic Markers: Bypassing Gene Trees in a Full Coalescent Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inferring Species Trees Directly from Biallelic Genetic Markers: Bypassing Gene Trees in a Full the likelihood of a species tree directly from the markers under a finite-sites model of mutation effectively in an algorithm that allows us to bypass the gene trees and compute species tree likelihoods directly from

Rosenberg, Noah

137

Parallel TreeSPH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe PTreeSPH, a gravity treecode combined with an SPH hydrodynamics code designed for massively parallel supercomputers having distributed memory. Our computational algorithm is based on the popular TreeSPH code of Hernquist & Katz (1989). PTreeSPH utilizes a domain decomposition procedure and a synchronous hypercube communication paradigm to build self-contained subvolumes of the simulation on each processor at every timestep. Computations then proceed in a manner analogous to a serial code. We use the Message Passing Interface (MPI) communications package, making our code easily portable to a variety of parallel systems. PTreeSPH uses individual smoothing lengths and timesteps, with a communication algorithm designed to minimize exchange of information while still providing all information required to accurately perform SPH computations. We have additionally incorporated cosmology, periodic boundary conditions with forces calculated using a quadrupole Ewald summation method, and radiative cooling and heating from a parameterized ionizing background following Katz, Weinberg & Hernquist (1996). The addition of other physical processes, such as star formation, is straightforward. A cosmological simulation from z=49 to z=2 with 64^3 gas particles and 64^3 dark matter particles requires ~6000 node-hours on a Cray T3D, with a communications overhead of ~10% and is load balanced to a ~90% level. When used on the new Cray T3E, this code will be capable of performing cosmological hydrodynamical simulations down to z=0 with ~2x10^6 particles, or to z=2 with ~10^7 particles, in a reasonable amount of time. Even larger simulations will be practical in situations where the matter is not highly clustered or when periodic boundaries are not required.

Romeel Dave'; John Dubinski; Lars Hernquist

1997-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

138

Red-black Trees To know what a red-black tree is (10.1).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

809 CHAPTER 10 Red-black Trees Objectives · To know what a red-black tree is (§10.1). · To convert a red-black tree to a 2-4 tree and vice versa (§10.2). · To design the RBTree class that extends the BinaryTree class (§10.3). · To insert an element in a red-black tree and resolve the double red problem

Liang, Y. Daniel

139

Keystone Opportunity Zones (Pennsylvania)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Keystone Opportunity Zones allows businesses located within designated areas to qualify for a tax exemption, deduction, credit, or abatement of state and local taxes such as sales and use tax,...

140

Queen Anne's County- Solar Zoning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Queen Anne's County zoning code allows for ground mounted solar arrays in areas zoned as "open space," "agricultural," and "countryside" districts.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $500 per position Program Info State Virginia Program Type Enterprise Zone Grant Program Provider Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development The Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant provides cash grants to businesses located in Enterprise zones that create permanent new jobs over a four-job threshold. State incentives are available to businesses and zone investors who create jobs and invest in real property within the boundaries of enterprise zones. The positions must pay at least 175 percent of the

142

Expanders via random spanning trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the problem of routing reliably and scalably in a graph, we introduce the notion of a splicer, the union of spanning trees of a graph. We prove that for any bounded-degree n-vertex graph, the union of two random spanning ...

Navin Goyal; Luis Rademacher; Santosh Vempala

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Diameter-constrained steiner tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given an edge-weighted undirected graph G = (V, E, c, w), where each edge e ? E has a cost c(e) and a weight w(e), a set S ? V of terminals and a positive constant D0, ... Keywords: diameter-constrained steiner tree, fixed topology, fully polynomial time approximation scheme

Wei Ding; Guohui Lin; Guoliang Xue

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

RELATING TREE PHYSIOLOGY TO PAST AND FUTURE CHANGES IN TROPICAL RAINFOREST TREE COMMUNITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rate Determination for Tropical Trees, Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA, 1­3 April, 1980. Yale University

Coley, Phyllis

145

Solar access protection, energy policy and the zoning process  

SciTech Connect

It is suggested that existing zoning structures can be easily adapted to the role of solar access protection. The modification of conventional zoning, accomplished with newer land-use concepts, such as transferable development rights, will help to overcome its inherent weaknesses of lack of flexibility and potential inequity. When state and federal energy policies are considered in their proper perspective by zoning agencies, existing zoning structures can be implemented in a way that avoids any barriers to solar collector installations. In this way, the zoning process will be an extremely valuable aid to the encouragement, promotion, and protection of solar power installations, contributing directly toward the conservation of energy resources

Hirsen, J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Abstraction and analysis of clinical guidance trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objectives: The aims of this work were: to define an abstract notation for interactive decision trees; to formally analyse exploration errors in such trees through automated translation to Lotos (language of temporal ordering specification); to generate ... Keywords: CGT, Decision tree, Formal method, Healthcare, Lotos

Kenneth J. Turner

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A global typology of cities : classification tree analysis of urban resource consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study was carried out to develop a typology of urban metabolic (or resource consumption) profiles for 155 globally representative cities. Classification tree analysis was used to develop a model for determining how certain ...

Saldivar-Sali, Artessa Niccola D., 1980-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Belowground and aboveground biomass in young postfire lodgepole pine forests of contrasting tree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Belowground and aboveground biomass in young postfire lodgepole pine forests of contrasting tree as 40% of live biomass in coniferous forests is located belowground, yet the effect of tree density on biomass allocation is poorly understood. We developed allometric equations using traditional harvesting

Turner, Monica G.

149

Fault tree analysis and fuzzy expert systems: Early warning and emergency response of landfill operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we argue that Early Warning Systems for engineering facilities can be developed by combining and integrating existing technologies and theories. As example, we present an efficient integration of fuzzy expert systems, fault tree analysis ... Keywords: Accidents, Early Warning System, Expert systems, Fault tree analysis, Fuzzy logic, Landfills, Operational problems, Possibility theory, Public Access to Environmental Information

I. M. Dokas; D. A. Karras; D. C. Panagiotakopoulos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

CAT: a computer code for the automated construction of fault trees. [In FORTRAN  

SciTech Connect

A computer code, CAT (Computer Automated Tree, is presented which applies decision table methods to model the behavior of components for systematic construction of fault trees. The decision tables for some commonly encountered mechanical and electrical components are developed; two nuclear subsystems, a Containment Spray Recirculation System and a Consequence Limiting Control System, are analyzed to demonstrate the applications of CAT code.

Apostolakis, G.E.; Salem, S.L.; Wu, J.S.

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

152

Accident Fault Trees for Defense Waste Processing Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document fault tree analyses which have been completed for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) safety analysis. Logic models for equipment failures and human error combinations that could lead to flammable gas explosions in various process tanks, or failure of critical support systems were developed for internal initiating events and for earthquakes. These fault trees provide frequency estimates for support systems failures and accidents that could lead to radioactive and hazardous chemical releases both on-site and off-site. Top event frequency results from these fault trees will be used in further APET analyses to calculate accident risk associated with DWPF facility operations. This report lists and explains important underlying assumptions, provides references for failure data sources, and briefly describes the fault tree method used. Specific commitments from DWPF to provide new procedural/administrative controls or system design changes are listed in the ''Facility Commitments'' section. The purpose of the ''Assumptions'' section is to clarify the basis for fault tree modeling, and is not necessarily a list of items required to be protected by Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs).

Sarrack, A.G.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

153

Decision trees with AND, OR queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate decision trees in which one is allowed to query threshold functions of subsets of variables. We are mainly interested in the case where only queries of AND and OR are allowed. This model is a generalization of the classical decision tree ... Keywords: AND, OR queries, Boolean functions, CRCW PRAM machines, Ethernet channel, complexity, computational complexity, copy computation, decision theory, decision trees, depth-three circuits, determinism, direct sum problem, nondeterminism, parallel time, query threshold functions, random processes, randomization, required decision tree depth, size complexity, threshold-k function, tight lower bound, trees (mathematics), variable subsets

Y. Ben-Asher; I. Newman

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

An expert system to predict protein thermostability using decision tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protein thermostability information is closely linked to commercial production of many biomaterials. Recent developments have shown that amino acid composition, special sequence patterns and hydrogen bonds, disulfide bonds, salt bridges and so on are ... Keywords: Bioinformatics, Decision Tree, Expert system, Machine learning, Protein thermostability

Li-Cheng Wu; Jian-Xin Lee; Hsien-Da Huang; Baw-Juine Liu; Jorng-Tzong Horng

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Subduction Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subduction Zone Subduction Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Subduction Zone Dictionary.png Subduction Zone: A tectonic process in which one tectonic plate is forced beneath another and sinks into the mantle as the plates converge Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tectonic Settings List of tectonic settings known to host modern geothermal systems: Extensional Tectonics Subduction Zone Rift Zone Hot Spot Non-Tectonic Strike-Slip A classic cartoon illustrating a typical simplified subduction zone. http://www.columbia.edu/~vjd1/subd_zone_basic.htm Subduction zones occur where one tectonic plate is pulled under another. Most often the subducting plate is oceanic crust and contains many hydrous minerals. As the oceanic plate subducts it dewaters into the mantle,

156

Plane Tree Capital LLP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plane Tree Capital LLP Plane Tree Capital LLP Jump to: navigation, search Name Plane Tree Capital LLP Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1J 8DY Sector Carbon Product London-based investment management firm established in to provide investors with well managed exposure to the clean energy and carbon sectors. References Plane Tree Capital LLP[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Plane Tree Capital LLP is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Plane Tree Capital LLP" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Plane_Tree_Capital_LLP&oldid=349778" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

157

Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Schools Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Department of Community and Economic Development The Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program provides tax credits to companies less than eight years old who operate within designated innovation zones. A total pool of $25 million in tax credits is available each year to businesses within these zones. A business can claim a tax credit up to 50% of the increase in gross revenues attributable to

158

Rotor walks on general trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor walk on a graph is a deterministic analogue of random walk. Each vertex is equipped with a rotor, which routes the walker to the neighbouring vertices in a fixed cyclic order on successive visits. We consider rotor walk on an infinite rooted tree, restarted from the root after each escape to infinity. We prove that the limiting proportion of escapes to infinity equals the escape probability for random walk, provided only finitely many rotors send the walker initially towards the root. For i.i.d. random initial rotor directions on a regular tree, the limiting proportion of escapes is either zero or the random walk escape probability, and undergoes a discontinuous phase transition between the two as the distribution is varied. In the critical case there are no escapes, but the walker's maximum distance from the root grows doubly exponentially with the number of visits to the root. We also prove that there exist trees of bounded degree for which the proportion of escapes eventually exceeds the escape p...

Angel, Omer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Accommodation Zone Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone: Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones

160

U-PLANT GEOGRAPHIC ZONE CLEANUP PROTOTYPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U Plant geographic zone (UPZ) occupies 0.83 square kilometers on the Hanford Site Central Plateau (200 Area). It encompasses the U Plant canyon (221-U Facility), ancillary facilities that supported the canyon, soil waste sites, and underground pipelines. The UPZ cleanup initiative coordinates the cleanup of the major facilities, ancillary facilities, waste sites, and contaminated pipelines (collectively identified as ''cleanup items'') within the geographic zone. The UPZ was selected as a geographic cleanup zone prototype for resolving regulatory, technical, and stakeholder issues and demonstrating cleanup methods for several reasons: most of the area is inactive, sufficient characterization information is available to support decisions, cleanup of the high-risk waste sites will help protect the groundwater, and the zone contains a representative cross-section of the types of cleanup actions that will be required in other geographic zones. The UPZ cleanup demonstrates the first of 22 integrated zone cleanup actions on the Hanford Site Central Plateau to address threats to groundwater, the environment, and human health. The UPZ contains more than 100 individual cleanup items. Cleanup actions in the zone will be undertaken using multiple regulatory processes and decision documents. Cleanup actions will include building demolition, waste site and pipeline excavation, and the construction of multiple, large engineered barriers. In some cases, different cleanup actions may be taken at item locations that are immediately adjacent to each other. The cleanup planning and field activities for each cleanup item must be undertaken in a coordinated and cohesive manner to ensure effective execution of the UPZ cleanup initiative. The UPZ zone cleanup implementation plan (ZCIP) was developed to address the need for a fundamental integration tool for UPZ cleanup. As UPZ cleanup planning and implementation moves forward, the ZCIP is intended to be a living document that will provide a focal point for integrating UPZ actions, including field cleanup activities, waste staging and handling, and post-cleanup monitoring and institutional controls.

ROMINE, L.D.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development Department of Financial Incentives The Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) focuses on the development of areas with high unemployment and poverty levels. The program provides an income tax credit of up to 100% of the Kentucky income tax liability on income generated by or arising out of the project. The approved company may require each qualified statewide employee, as

162

Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Zones to Climate Zones to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

163

Rift Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rift Zone Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Rift Zone Dictionary.png Rift Zone: A divergent plate boundary within a continent Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tectonic Settings List of tectonic settings known to host modern geothermal systems: Extensional Tectonics Subduction Zone Rift Zone Hot Spot Non-Tectonic Strike-Slip The Rio Grande Rift exemplifies rift zone tectonics - increased volcanic activity and the formation of graben structures (reference: science-art.com) Rift valleys occur at divergent plate boundaries, resulting in large graben structures and increased volcanism. The East African Rift is an example of a continental rift zone with increased volcanism, while the Atlantic's spreading Mid-Ocean Ridge is host to an enormous amount of geothermal

164

The Enterprise Zone (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone offers tax incentives to business expanding their workforce by 5% at facilities in designated enterprise zones. The tax credit is equal to 50% of the annual wages paid to a new...

165

Radiant zone heated particulate filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter including an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A radiant zoned heater includes N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones includes M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than or equal to one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones, restricts exhaust gas flow in a portion of the PM filter that corresponds to the selected one of the N zones, and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

166

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development Businesses locating in a Maryland Enterprise Zone may be eligible for income tax and real property tax credits in return for job creation and investments. Businesses located in one of two focus areas are also be eligible for personal property tax credits. There are two forms of Enterprise Zone Tax Credits: (1) Ten-year credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property improvements. The credit is

167

USE OF THE SPATIAL KD-TREE IN COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICSAPPLICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need to perform spatial queries and searches is commonly encountered within the field of computational physics. The development of applications ranging from scientific visualization to finite element analysis requires efficient methods of locating domain objects relative to general locations in space. Much of the time, it is possible to form and maintain spatial relationships between objects either explicitly or by using relative motion constraints as the application evolves in time. Occasionally, either due to unpredictable relative motion or the lack of state information, an application must perform a general search (or ordering) of geometric objects without any explicit spatial relationship information as a basis. If previous state information involving domain geometric objects is not available, it is typically an involved and time consuming process to create object adjacency information or to order the objects in space. Further, as the number of objects and the spatial dimension of the problem domain is increased, the time required to search increases greatly. This paper proposes an implementation of a spatial k-d tree (skD-tree) for use by various applications when a general domain search is required. The skD-tree proposed in this paper is a spatial access method where successive tree levels are split along different dimensions. Objects are indexed by their centroid, and the minimum bounding box of objects in a node are stored in the tree node. The paper focuses on a discussion of efficient and practical algorithms for multidimensional spatial data structures for fast spatial query processing. These functions include the construction of a skD-tree of geometric objects, intersection query, containment query, and nearest neighbor query operations.

Khamayseh, Ahmed K [ORNL; Hansen, Glen [Idaho National Laboratory (INL)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

GRR/Section 17-MT-d - Streamside Management Zone Law | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d - Streamside Management Zone Law d - Streamside Management Zone Law < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 17-MT-d - Streamside Management Zone Law 17MTDStreamsideManagementZoneLawProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 17MTDStreamsideManagementZoneLawProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Any landowner or operator conducting a series of commercial forest practices that will access, harvest, or regenerate trees on a defined land

169

Mixing materials within zone boundaries using shape overlays  

SciTech Connect

Shape overlays provide a means of statically imposing a physical region containing specified material properties onto a zoned mesh. In the most general case, material interface boundaries are unrelated to mesh zone boundaries, causing zones to contain a mixture of materials, and the mesh itself is not uniform in physical space. We develop and apply an algorithm for shape overlays on nonorthogonal, nonuniform meshes in two dimensions. Examples of shape generation in a multiblock uid dynamics code are shown.

Grandy, J.

1997-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

170

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Forest Service Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Forestry Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.fs.fed.us/ccrc/topics/urban-forests/ctcc/ Cost: Free Language: English References: CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator[1] Overview "The CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator is the only tool approved by the Climate Action Reserve's Urban Forest Project Protocol for quantifying carbon dioxide sequestration from GHG tree planting projects. The CTCC is programmed in an Excel spreadsheet and provides carbon-related information

171

Ancient Austrocedrus Tree-Ring Chronologies Used to Reconstruct Central Chile Precipitation Variability from a.d. 1200 to 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An expanded network of moisture-sensitive tree-ring chronologies has been developed for central Chile from long-lived cypress trees in the Andean Cordillera. A regional ring width chronology of cypress sites has been used to develop well-...

Carlos Le Quesne; David W. Stahle; Malcolm K. Cleaveland; Matthew D. Therrell; Juan Carlos Aravena; Jonathan Barichivich

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

CO2 Emissions - Panama Canal Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Panama Canal Zone Graphics CO2 Emissions from Panama Canal Zone Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Panama Canal Zone...

173

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Transition Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details...

174

Fault Tree Based Diagnostics Using Fuzzy Logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy set theory is investigated as a tool for the diagnostics of systems described by means of a fault tree. The objective is to diagnose component failures from the observation of fuzzy symptoms using the information contained in a fault tree. A two-step ... Keywords: causal reasoning, component failures, failure analysis, failure modes, fault tree based diagnostics, fuzzy logic, fuzzy symptoms, minimal cut-sets, triggered gates, two-step procedure

P. Gmytrasiewicz; J. A. Hassberger; J. C. Lee

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Randomised Polya Tree Models for Nonparametric Bayesian Inference, Statistica Sinica 13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary. This paper is concerned with developing methodological aspects of multivariate Polya trees for density estimation and prediction. A simulation scheme for exploring conditional relationships among variables is developed. To address the issue of partition dependence an outstanding limitation of Polya trees and other partition-based models we develop Randomised Polya Trees. This new framework inherits the structure of Polya trees but jitters partition points and as a result smooths discontinuities in predictive distributions. Some of the theoretical aspects of the new framework are developed, followed by discussion of methodological and computational issues arising in implementation. Examples of data analyses and prediction problems are provided to highlight issues of Bayesian inference in this context, and

Susan Paddock; Fabrizio Ruggeri; Michael Lavine

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Method of altering lignin in trees  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of providing and breeding trees having more easily extractable lignin due to the presence of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (Cad) null gene are presented.

MacKay, John (Raleigh, NC); O' Malley, David (Cary, NC); Whetten, Ross (Raleigh, NC); Sederoff, Ronald (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Reactor Tree of Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne Reactors > The Argonne Reactor Tree About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne...

178

Method of altering lignin in trees  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of providing and breeding trees having more easily extractable lignin due to the presence of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (Cad) null gene are presented. 16 figs.

MacKay, J.; O`Malley, D.; Whetten, R.; Sederoff, R.

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

179

A GPS-Tracked Surf Zone Drifter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A drifter designed to measure surf zone circulation has been developed and field tested. Drifter positions accurate to within a few meters are estimated in real time at 0.1 Hz using the global positioning system (GPS) and a shore-to-drifter radio ...

W. E. Schmidt; B. T. Woodward; K. S. Millikan; R. T. Guza; B. Raubenheimer; Steve Elgar

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

FREE ZONE Rb-276 Chiller Monitoring Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regulations prohibiting the production of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) have spurred the development of alternative refrigerants with similar thermodynamic properties and operating characteristics for use in large chiller systems. This study evaluates refrigerant FREE ZONE RB-276, a "drop in" replacement for R-12, which has been out of production since January 1, 1996.

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Liquid zone seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seal assembly that provides a means for establishing multiple pressure zones within a system. The seal assembly combines a plate extending from the inner wall of a housing or inner enclosure that intersects with and is immersed in the fluid contained in a well formed in a tray contained within the enclosure. The fluid is a low vapor pressure oil, chemically inert and oxidation resistant. The use of a fluid as the sealing component provides a seal that is self-healing and mechanically robust not subject to normal mechanical wear, breakage, and formation of cracks or pinholes and decouples external mechanical vibrations from internal structural members.

Klebanoff, Leonard E. (Dublin, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Loan Program Provider New York Business Development Corporation Business that do not meet the requirements for standard financing, but are in need of capital, may qualify for NYBDC's Statewide Empire Zone

183

Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Facility Pine Tree Extension Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Developer Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Energy Purchaser Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Location North of Mojave CA Coordinates 35.076651°, -118.255291° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.076651,"lon":-118.255291,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Climate Zone 5C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 5C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone...

185

Systems analysis programs for hands-on integrated reliability evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 5.0. Fault tree, event tree, and piping & instrumentation diagram (FEP) editors reference manual: Volume 7  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) refers to a set of several microcomputer programs that were developed to create and analyze probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs), primarily for nuclear power plants. The Fault Tree, Event Tree, and Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (FEP) editors allow the user to graphically build and edit fault trees, and event trees, and piping and instrumentation diagrams (P and IDs). The software is designed to enable the independent use of the graphical-based editors found in the Integrated Reliability and Risk Assessment System (IRRAS). FEP is comprised of three separate editors (Fault Tree, Event Tree, and Piping and Instrumentation Diagram) and a utility module. This reference manual provides a screen-by-screen guide of the entire FEP System.

McKay, M.K.; Skinner, N.L.; Wood, S.T. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Fast Tree: Computing Large Minimum-Evolution Trees with Profiles instead of a Distance Matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gene families are growing rapidly, but standard methods for inferring phylogenies do not scale to alignments with over 10,000 sequences. We present FastTree, a method for constructing large phylogenies and for estimating their reliability. Instead of storing a distance matrix, FastTree stores sequence profiles of internal nodes in the tree. FastTree uses these profiles to implement neighbor-joining and uses heuristics to quickly identify candidate joins. FastTree then uses nearest-neighbor interchanges to reduce the length of the tree. For an alignment with N sequences, L sites, and a different characters, a distance matrix requires O(N^2) space and O(N^2 L) time, but FastTree requires just O( NLa + N sqrt(N) ) memory and O( N sqrt(N) log(N) L a ) time. To estimate the tree's reliability, FastTree uses local bootstrapping, which gives another 100-fold speedup over a distance matrix. For example, FastTree computed a tree and support values for 158,022 distinct 16S ribosomal RNAs in 17 hours and 2.4 gigabytes of memory. Just computing pairwise Jukes-Cantor distances and storing them, without inferring a tree or bootstrapping, would require 17 hours and 50 gigabytes of memory. In simulations, FastTree was slightly more accurate than neighbor joining, BIONJ, or FastME; on genuine alignments, FastTree's topologies had higher likelihoods. FastTree is available at http://microbesonline.org/fasttree.

N. Price, Morgan; S. Dehal, Paramvir; P. Arkin, Adam

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Contour Method on Cayley tree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a finite range lattice models on Cayley tree with two basic properties: the existence of only a finite number of ground states and with Peierls type condition. We define notion of a contour for the model on the Cayley tree. By a contour argument we show the existence of $s$ different (where $s$ is the number of ground states) Gibbs measures.

U. A. Rozikov

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Representing parameterised fault trees using Bayesian networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault trees are used to model how failures lead to hazards and so to estimate the frequencies of the identified hazards of a system. Large systems, such as a rail network, do not give rise to endless different hazards. Rather, similar hazards arise repeatedly ... Keywords: Bayesian network, fault tree, risk analysis

William Marsh; George Bearfield

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Exploiting graph properties of game trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state space of most adversary games is a directed graph. However, due to the success of simple recursive algorithms based on Alpha-Beta, theoreticians and practitioners have concentrated on the traversal of trees, giving the field the name "game-tree ... Keywords: game playing, search

Aske Plaat; Jonathan Schaeffer; Wim Pijls; Arie de Bruin

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Foundations of attack-defense trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce and give formal definitions of attack-defense trees. We argue that these trees are a simple, yet powerful tool to analyze complex security and privacy problems. Our formalization is generic in the sense that it supports different semantical ...

Barbara Kordy; Sjouke Mauw; Saa Radomirovi?; Patrick Schweitzer

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Tree-width in Algebraic Complexity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper surveys some of the author's work studying the algorithmic importance of the tree-width notion in algebraic frameworks. Two approaches are described. The first gives an algorithmicmeta-theoremfor certain logically characterized propertieswithin ... Keywords: Dedicated to Johann A. Makowsky on the occasion of his 60th birthday, Descriptive Complexity, Real Number Computations, Tree-width, Valiant's Model

Klaus Meer

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Tree-structure Based Ontology Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper defines a framework for ontology integration - Tree-structure Based Ontology Integration (TSBOI). Unlike other methodologies in the area, which mainly concentrate on attribute comparison, this methodology is designed to map objects of an ontology ... Keywords: integration, ontology, tree structure

Jie Xie; Fei Liu; Sheng-Uei Guan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Deep Vadose ZoneApplied Field Research Initiative Fiscal Year 2012 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report describes the background of the Deep Vadose Zone-Applied Field Research Initiative, and some of the programmatic approaches and transformational technologies in groundwater and deep vadose zone remediation developed during fiscal year 2012.

Wellman, Dawn M.; Truex, Michael J.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Bunn, Amoret L.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

194

Breathing zone air sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sampling apparatus is provided which comprises a sampler for sampling air in the breathing zone of a wearer of the apparatus and a support for the sampler preferably in the form of a pair of eyeglasses. The sampler comprises a sampling assembly supported on the frame of the eyeglasses and including a pair of sample transport tubes which are suspended, in use, centrally of the frame so as to be disposed on opposite sides of the nose of the wearer and which each include an inlet therein that, in use, is disposed adjacent to a respective nostril of the nose of the wearer. A filter holder connected to sample transport tubes supports a removable filter for filtering out particulate material in the air sampled by the apparatus. The sample apparatus is connected to a pump for drawing air into the apparatus through the tube inlets so that the air passes through the filter.

Tobin, John (Bethel Park, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Bidirectional Search in a String with Wavelet Trees Thomas Schnattinger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bidirectional Search in a String with Wavelet Trees #12;Wavelet Tree of T = BWT(S) = nle_pl$nnlleee_eaae T[1 Bidirectional Search in a String with Wavelet Trees #12;Wavelet Tree of T = BWT(S) = nle_pl$nnlleee_eaae T[1 Bidirectional Search in a String with Wavelet Trees #12;Wavelet Tree of T = BWT(S) = nle_pl$nnlleee_eaae T[1

Lonardi, Stefano

196

DOE Solar Decathlon: Comfort Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decathlon Comfort Zone Contest, teams design their houses to keep temperature and humidity steady, uniform, and comfortable. Full points are awarded for maintaining narrow...

197

Interfacial Transition Zone Bibliography Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Saito, M., and Kawamura, M., Effect of Fly Ash and Slag on the Interfacial Zone Between Cement and Aggregate , in ACI SP 114: Fly Ash, Silica ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fermilab Friends for Science Education | Tree of Knowledge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at the Lederman Science Center is the lovely bronze sculptured tree adorned with brass leaves. The Tree of Knowledge is an opportunity for contributors to perpetuate their...

199

Knowledge and Tree-Edits in Learnable Entailment Proofs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... parse trees that were constructed for t's sentences, and let h be the depen- dency parse tree constructed for h. The system iter- atively extends T ...

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

200

Ecosystem Services Decision Tree: A Decision-Support Tool for Consideration of Ecosystem Services in the Electric Power Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To support the electric power industry in more structured consideration of ecosystem services, EPRI has developed this Decision Tree to determine why, when, and how to consider ecosystem services. EPRI anticipates that this Decision Tree will facilitate more efficient decision-making and action relating to ecosystem services.

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Risk haplotype pattern discovery for gene mapping by recursive partitioning method based on weighted classification trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a combinatorial approach based on recursive weighted longest prefix trees (RWLPT) for mining a massive genetic marker data. Given a case and a control chromosome dataset, we develop a fast recursive permutation algorithm ... Keywords: combinatorial optimisation, disease susceptibility genes, gene mapping, genetic markers, haplotype clusters, haplotype-disease association, multilocus SNP analysis, non-numerical algorithms, recursive partitioning, risk haplotype pattern discovery, weighted classification trees

Tran Trang; Hoang Ngoc Minh

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Two-Zone Convective Scaling of Diffusion in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-zone convective scaling equation is developed that allows for a step change in scaling parameters. The results of the Lompoc Valley Diffusion Experiment, conducted at coastal site in California under variable cloud cover, are compared to ...

C. E. Skupniewicz

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Wisconsin) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Credits (Wisconsin) Tax Credits (Wisconsin) Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Personal Tax Incentives Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation The purpose for the Enterprise Zone Tax Credits is to incent projects involving major expansion of existing Wisconsin businesses or relocation of major business operations from other states to Wisconsin. Refundable tax

204

Deficiencies in Vadose Zone Understanding at the INEEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsurface contamination in the vadose zone, that portion of the subsurface pathway between land surface and an underlying aquifer, poses environmental problems at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) in eastern Idaho and across the U.S. Department of Energy complex. Assessing potential adverse impacts from these contaminated sites requires an understanding of the mechanisms controlling contaminant transport. Currently, vadose zone experts at the INEEL cannot with confidence predict the movement of water and contaminants in the complex, heterogeneous, fractured subsurface at the INEEL, especially within the vadose zone. In the draft version (Revision 1) of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, deficiencies in scientific understanding of flow and transport processes in the vadose zone at the INEEL were identified and grouped into 13 categories and recommendations were provided to address each of the deficiencies. The draft document provided the basis for an INEEL Vadose Zone Workshop that was conducted October 20 and 21, 1999, in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The workshop was conducted to group and rank the previously identified deficiencies and for the subsequent development of science plans to address the deficiencies that limit reliable predictions of water and contaminant movement in the subsurface. The workshop participants, comprising INEEL and scientists and project managers and non-INEEL scientists knowledgeable about the vadose zone, developed science- and technology-based recommendations derived through a series of technical sessions at the workshop. In this document, the final version of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, the draft document has been incorporated, largely intact, as well as the results from the workshop. The workshop participants grouped the deficiencies in vadose zone understanding at the INEEL into seven categories. These seven categories will be the focus areas of five science plans that are being developed to address the deficiencies. This document lays the foundation for the INEEL Site-wide vadose zone roadmap.

Wood, Thomas Ronald; Bates, Dona Louise; Bishop, Carolyn Wagoner; Heard, Robert Eugene; Hubbell, Joel Michael; Hull, Laurence Charles; Lehman, Richard Michael; Magnuson, Swen O; Mattson, Earl Douglas; Mccarthy, James Michael; Porro, Indrek; Ritter, Paul David; Roddy, Michael Scott; Singler, Robert Edward; Smith, Richard Paul

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Office of the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development The Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives to businesses in certain District neighborhoods: Employee Tax Credits--up to $3000 for each full-time employee; Work Opportunity Credits--up to $2400 for each employee from targeted demographic groups; Welfare to Work Credits--up to $3500 and $5000 for the first and second years employment,

206

Fluid Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Fluid Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A fence-diagram for the Coso geothermal reservoir is developed from Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) analyses. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry in well cuttings collected at 20 ft intervals is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. The working hypothesis is that select gaseous species and species ratios indicate areas of groundwater and reservoir fluid flow, fluid processes and reservoir seals. Boiling and condensate zones are distinguished. Permeable zones are indicated by a large change in

207

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Enterprise Zone New Jersey's Urban Enterprise (UEZ) Program operates under the Department of Community Affairs. The UEZ Program exists to foster an economic climate that revitalizes designated urban communities and stimulates their growth by encouraging businesses to develop and create private sector jobs through public and private investment. Applicant businesses must be registered, located in one of the designated zones, be in tax compliance with the state, and certified by the Program.

208

Minimal Spanning Trees with Conflict Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(i.e. edges of G which can be combined with every other edge in the minimum spanning tree solution). MSTCG ..... cycle [Sch03]. More formally, I1 is the set of all...

209

Joshua Tree and Mojave Go Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Until late 1998, Joshua Tree National Park and Until late 1998, Joshua Tree National Park and Mojave National Preserve in southern California used diesel generators to produce electricity in remote areas. Like many park energy systems, the diesel generators at Joshua Tree's Cottonwood Campground also produced potentially harmful emissions: 120 tons of carbon dioxide, 5,770 pounds of nitrous oxides, 286 pounds of sulfur dioxide, and 218 pounds of suspended particulates every year. Today, Joshua Tree has cut those emissions dramati- cally while reducing annual operating costs by an impressive 90%, thanks to a new photovoltaic (PV) system that harnesses the sun's energy to produce clean electric power. Mojave has also had good results. And both parks continue to provide high- quality experiences for visitors while preserving

210

Dealing with Storm-Damaged Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many homeowners need help caring for or removing damaged trees after a natural disaster. This publication explains what a certified arborist is and how to select one. It also cautions against burning debris downed by a storm.

Kirk, Melanie; Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

211

Dealing with Storm-Damaged Trees (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many homeowners need help caring for or removing damaged trees after a natural disaster. This publication explains what a certified arborist is and how to select one. It also cautions against burning debris downed by a storm.

Kirk, Melanie; Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

212

Parallel object-oriented decision tree system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A data mining decision tree system that uncovers patterns, associations, anomalies, and other statistically significant structures in data by reading and displaying data files, extracting relevant features for each of the objects, and using a method of recognizing patterns among the objects based upon object features through a decision tree that reads the data, sorts the data if necessary, determines the best manner to split the data into subsets according to some criterion, and splits the data.

Kamath; Chandrika (Dublin, CA), Cantu-Paz; Erick (Oakland, CA)

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

213

Quantification of Priority-OR gates in temporal fault trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault Tree Analysis has been used in reliability engineering for many decades and has seen various modifications to enable it to analyse fault trees with dynamic and temporal gates so it can incorporate sequential failure in its analysis. Pandora is ... Keywords: Markov chains, Monte Carlo, Pandora, dynamic fault trees, fault trees, safety

Ernest Edifor; Martin Walker; Neil Gordon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Computing the Edit-Distance between Unrooted Ordered Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ordered tree is a tree in which each node's incident edges are cyclically ordered; think of the tree as being embedded in the plane. Let A and B be two ordered trees. The edit distance between A and B is the minimum cost ...

Philip N. Klein

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Alternating two-way AC-tree automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the notion of alternating two-way tree automata modulo the theory of finitely many associative-commutative (AC) symbols. This was prompted by questions arising in cryptographic protocol verification, in particular in modeling group key agreement ... Keywords: Alternating tree automata, Associative-commutative, Branching vector addition systems with states, Cryptographic protocols, Resolution, Tree automata, Two-way tree automata

Kumar Neeraj Verma; Jean Goubault-Larrecq

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Long-term nitrate leaching below the root zone in California tree fruit orchards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BD (g/cm3) loam loamy sand sand sandy loam Texture silt siltsquares (SS) for subgroup "sandy loam" in groups 2, 3, and 4Group 2, Population 1, subgroup sandy loam. Figure 4.5.3f-j.

Harter, Thomas; Horwath, William R; Hopmans, Jan W; Denton, Michelle; Onsoy, Yuksel S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

From FY 2000 through FY 2003, a series of vadose zone transport field experiments were conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energys Groundwater/Vadose Zone Integration Project Science and Technology Project, now known as the Remediation and Closure Science Project, and managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The series of experiments included two major field campaigns, one at a 299-E24-11 injection test site near PUREX and a second at a clastic dike site off Army Loop Road. The goals of these experiments were to improve our understanding of vadose zone transport processes; to develop data sets to validate and calibrate vadose zone flow and transport models; and to identify advanced monitoring techniques useful for evaluating flow-and-transport mechanisms and delineating contaminant plumes in the vadose zone at the Hanford Site. This report summarizes the key findings from the field studies and demonstrates how data collected from these studies are being used to improve conceptual models and develop numerical models of flow and transport in Hanfords vadose zone. Results of these tests have led to a better understanding of the vadose zone. Fine-scale geologic heterogeneities, including grain fabric and lamination, were observed to have a strong effect on the large-scale behavior of contaminant plumes, primarily through increased lateral spreading resulting from anisotropy. Conceptual models have been updated to include lateral spreading and numerical models of unsaturated flow and transport have revised accordingly. A new robust model based on the concept of a connectivity tensor was developed to describe saturation-dependent anisotropy in strongly heterogeneous soils and has been incorporated into PNNLs Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases (STOMP) simulator. Application to field-scale transport problems have led to a better understanding plume behavior at a number of sites where lateral spreading may have dominated waste migration (e.g. BC Cribs and Trenches). The improved models have been also coupled with inverse models and newly-developed parameter scaling techniques to allow estimation of field-scale and effective transport parameters for the vadose zone. The development and utility of pedotransfer functions for describing fine-scale hydrogeochemical heterogeneity and for incorporating this heterogeneity into reactive transport models was explored. An approach based on grain-size statistics appears feasible and has been used to describe heterogeneity in hydraulic properties and sorption properties, such as the cation exchange capacity and the specific surface area of Hanford sediments. This work has also led to the development of inverse modeling capabilities for time-dependent, subsurface, reactive transport with transient flow fields using an automated optimization algorithm. In addition, a number of geophysical techniques investigated for their potential to provide detailed information on the subtle changes in lithology and bedding surfaces; plume delineation, leak detection. High-resolution resistivity is now being used for detecting saline plumes at several waste sites at Hanford, including tank farms. Results from the field studies and associated analysis have appeared in more than 46 publications generated over the past 4 years. These publications include test plans and status reports, in addition to numerous technical notes and peer reviewed papers.

Ward, Andy L.; Conrad, Mark E.; Daily, William D.; Fink, James B.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Gee, Glendon W.; Hoversten, Gary M.; Keller, Jason M.; Majer, Ernest L.; Murray, Christopher J.; White, Mark D.; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Zhang, Z. F.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

218

Surety theoretics: The forest or the trees?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Periodically one needs to re-examine the objectives and the efforts associated with a field of study. In the case of surety which comprises, safety, security and reliability one needs to be sure that theoretical efforts support the needs of systems and design engineers in satisfying stakeholder requirements. The current focus in the surety areas does not appear to address the theoretical foundations needed by the systems engineer. Examination of papers and abstracts demonstrate significant effort along the lines of thermal hydraulics, chemistry, structural response, control theory, etc. which are analytical disciplines which provide support for a surety theoretic but do not constitute a theoretic. The representations currently employed, fault trees etc., define static representations of a system, not the dynamic representation characteristic of response in abnormal, hostile or under degrading conditions. Current methodologies would require a semi-infinite set of scenarios to be examined before a system could be certified as satisfying a surety requirement. The elements that are required of a surety theoretic must include: (1) a dynamic representation of the system; (2) the ability to automatically identify terminal states of the system; and (3) determine the probabilities of specified terminal states under dynamic conditions. This paper examines the requirements of a surety theoretic that will support the efforts of the design and development engineer. Speculations then follow on technologies that might provide the theoretical and support foundations needed by the systems engineering community to form a robust surety analysis and design environment.

Senglaub, M.

1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

219

Climate Zone 1B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 1 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 1B is defined as Dry with...

220

Climate Zone 8B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 8 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 8B is defined as Subarctic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Climate Zones | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Buildings » Building America » Climate Zones Residential Buildings » Building America » Climate Zones Climate Zones Building America determines building practices based on climate zones to achieve the most energy savings in a home. This page offers some general guidelines on the definitions of the various climate regions based on heating degree-days, average temperatures, and precipitation. You can also view the Guide to Determining Climate Regions by County. Hot-Humid A hot-humid climate is generally defined as a region that receives more than 20 in. (50 cm) of annual precipitation and where one or both of the following occur: A 67°F (19.5°C) or higher wet bulb temperature for 3,000 or more hours during the warmest 6 consecutive months of the year; or A 73°F (23°C) or higher wet bulb temperature for 1,500 or more

222

Parallel TreeSPH: A Tool for Galaxy Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new implementation of a parallel Tree-SPH code with the aim to simulate Galaxy Formation and Evolution. The code has been parallelized using SHMEM, a Cray proprietary library to handle communications between the 256 processors of the Silicon Graphics T3E massively parallel supercomputer hosted by the Cineca Super-computing Center (Bologna, Italy). The code combines the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method to solve hydro-dynamical equations with the popular Barnes and Hut (1986) tree-code to perform gravity calculation with a $N \\times logN$ scaling, and it is based on the scalar Tree-SPH code developed by Carraro et al (1998)[MNRAS 297, 1021]. Parallelization is achieved distributing particles along processors according to a work-load criterium. Benchmarks, in terms of load-balance and scalability, of the code are analised and critically discussed against the adiabatic collapse of an isothermal gas sphere test using $2 \\times 10^{4}$ particles on 8 processors. The code results balanced at more than 95% level. Increasing the number of processors, the load balance sligthly worsens. The deviation from perfect scalability at increasing number of processors is negligible up to 64 processors. Additionally we have incorporated radiative cooling, star formation, feed-back and an algorithm to follow the chemical enrichment of the interstellar medium.

Cesario Lia; Giovanni Carraro

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Local Government StateProvincial Govt Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home...

224

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details Areas (5) Power Plants (0) Projects...

225

An economic analysis of land use alternatives on CRP land trees after the CRP contracts expire in east Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landowners who have planted trees on CRP land must decide whether to retain the trees or divert land to others uses after the contracts expire. An economic tool is developed to assist landowners in making the most profitable choice between retaining trees to produce sawlogs or pulpwood and reverting land to crops, corn, cotton, sorghum and wheat. A generic theoretical framework is formulated to compare various land use alternatives. Several scenarios are formulated to incorporate the changing patterns of variables and to examine the sensitivity of the outcome to these changes. The influence of implementing the conservation compliance plan (CCP) is also examined. The time frame of the analysis is determined by the financially optimal. single rotation length of the tree stand. The real discounted revenues of the land use alternatives, based in 1993, are compared on a per-acre basis. The results indicate that retaining trees on post-CRP land is a better option than reverting land to corn, cotton without a CCP, sorghum, or wheat under all scenarios. However, when compared with reverting land to cotton with a CCP, retaining trees does not seem to be a profitable land use alternative under several of the scenarios. Given that a large proportion of the land going into CRP in east Texas is wheat acres, it seems likely that majority of the CRP land in trees is going to be retained in trees upon expiration of contracts.

Arekere, Marigowda Dhananjaya

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States. The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy. DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 More Documents & Publications Senior DOE Official to Deliver Remarks at Western Governors' Association Renewable Energy Zones Initiative Launch Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Statement of Patricia Hoffman Acting Assistant Secretary for Electricity

227

Table C10A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Climate Zone ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 All Buildings ..... 1,086 1,929 1,243 1,386 879 11,529 ...

228

Categorical Exclusion for Emergency Danger Tree  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Danger Tree Danger Tree Removal along the Pinnacle Peak - Prescott 230-kV Transmission line between structures 216/4 & 216/5 & the adjacent Pinnacle Peak Substation, Maricopa County, Arizona. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to cut down or trim vegetation that impacts worker safety and the reliable transmission of electricity on the existing Pinnacle Peak to Prescott 230-kV transmission line between Structures 216/4 and 216/5 in Maricopa County, Arizona. This emergency work must be completed before the line is energerized on March 21, 2010. Portions of several palo verde trees and one-to-three saguaros are less than 23 feet from the conductor, which is the minimum safe-distance for a 230-kV transmission

229

Category:ASHRAE Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE Climate Zones ASHRAE Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search Climate Zones defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standards. Pages in category "ASHRAE Climate Zones" The following 30 pages are in this category, out of 30 total. C Climate Zone 1A Climate Zone 1B Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2B Climate Zone 3A Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3C Climate Zone 4A Climate Zone 4B Climate Zone 4C C cont. Climate Zone 5A Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5C Climate Zone 6A Climate Zone 6B Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Climate Zone Number 1 C cont. Climate Zone Number 2 Climate Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Number 5 Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Number 8 Climate Zone Subtype A Climate Zone Subtype B Climate Zone Subtype C Retrieved from

230

IMCRA ZONE GROOTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Australian Government or the Minister for the Environment and Heritage. Acknowledgments WWF-Australia would like to thank the Natural Heritage Trust and Department of Environment and Heritage for providing funding to key elements of the WWF Marine Debris Program over time. Previously, a Coast and Clean Seas Grant funded the development of the WWF Net Kit, while funds received in 2003 allowed WWF and partners to continue to monitor the marine debris washing ashore in northern Australia. WWF would also like to thank all partner organisations that supported the 2004 marine debris surveys and particularly those that participated in the surveys. Their hard work and enthusiasm ensured the successful continuation of the WWF Marine Debris Program.

Damian White; Imcra Zone Cobourge; Wildlife Rangers; Garry Williams; John Williams Who Provided

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

TreeQ-VISTA: An Interactive Tree Visualization Tool withFunctional Annotation Query Capabilities  

SciTech Connect

Summary: We describe a general multiplatform exploratorytool called TreeQ-Vista, designed for presenting functional annotationsin a phylogenetic context. Traits, such as phenotypic and genomicproperties, are interactively queried from a relational database with auser-friendly interface which provides a set of tools for users with orwithout SQL knowledge. The query results are projected onto aphylogenetic tree and can be displayed in multiple color groups. A richset of browsing, grouping and query tools are provided to facilitatetrait exploration, comparison and analysis.Availability: The program,detailed tutorial and examples are available online athttp://genome-test.lbl.gov/vista/TreeQVista.

Gu, Shengyin; Anderson, Iain; Kunin, Victor; Cipriano, Michael; Minovitsky, Simon; Weber, Gunther; Amenta, Nina; Hamann, Bernd; Dubchak,Inna

2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

232

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geographic Information System Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard

233

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith, Jason McKenna (2003) Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of

234

Energy Zone Planning Tool for the Eastern United States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Zone Planning Tool Energy Zone Planning Tool Federal program considering nine clean energy technologies for planning clean energy zones in the eastern United States Argonne's EVS Division and Decision and Information Sciences Division are providing technical support to the Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) for an Energy Zones study. The EISPC study includes nine types of energy resources to be considered for development of clean energy generation facilities in the U.S. portion of the Eastern Interconnection (see map below). These types are (1) biomass, (2) clean coal technologies with carbon capture and sequestration, (3) geothermal, (4) natural gas, (5) nuclear, (6) solar (photovoltaic and concentrated solar thermal, as well as rooftop photovoltaic solar), (7)

235

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available May 3, 2013 - 12:08pm Addthis The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation. The EZ Mapping Tool is now available online. EISPC is encouraging states to learn more by participating in demonstration webinars and training sessions on how to apply the tool to their needs and particular areas of interest.

236

Simple reconstruction of binary near-perfect phylogenetic trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of reconstructing near-perfect phylogenetic trees using binary character states (referred to as BNPP). A perfect phylogeny assumes that every character mutates at most once in the evolutionary tree, yielding an algorithm for binary ...

Srinath Sridhar; Kedar Dhamdhere; Guy E. Blelloch; Eran Halperin; R. Ravi; Russell Schwartz

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Decision tree module within decision support simulation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision trees are one of the most easy to use tools in decision analysis. Problems where decision tree branches are based on random variables have not received much attention. This paper introduces a successful application of a Special Purpose Simulation ...

Mohamed Moussa; Janaka Y. Ruwanpura; George Jergeas

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Recruitment limitation, seedling performance and persistence of exotic tree monocultures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

August 2004; accepted in revised form 18 January 2005 Key words: Celtis laevigata, Chinese Tallow Tree be successional stages or persistent community types. We surveyed a stand of Sapium sebiferum (Chinese Tallow Tree

Siemann, Evan

239

Researchers Map Where Tree Species Survive and Thrive under Climate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Researchers Map Where Tree Species Survive and Thrive under Climate Change A topology map shows the range of tree productivity from low to high biomass production (blue to red,...

240

Serial model for attack tree computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we extend the standard attack tree model by introducing temporal order to the attacker's decision making process. This will allow us to model the attacker's behaviour more accurately, since this way it is possible to study his actions related ...

Aivo Jrgenson; Jan Willemson

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Exploiting succinct constraints using FP-trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since its introduction, frequent-set mining has been generalized to many forms, which include constrained data mining. The use of constraints permits user focus and guidance, enables user exploration and control, and leads to effective pruning ... Keywords: FP-trees, constraints, data mining, frequent sets, succinctness

Carson Kai-Sang Leung; Laks V. S. Lakshmanan; Raymond T. Ng

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Network regression with predictive clustering trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network data describe entities represented by nodes, which may be connected with (related to) each other by edges. Many network datasets are characterized by a form of autocorrelation, where the value of a variable at a given node depends on the values ... Keywords: Autocorrelation, Network data, Predictive clustering trees, Regression inference

Daniela Stojanova; Michelangelo Ceci; Annalisa Appice; Sao DEroski

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Using decision trees to recognize visual events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a classifier-based approach to recognize events in video surveillance sequences. The aim of this work is to propose a generic event recognition system that can be used without relying on a long-term tracking procedure. It is composed ... Keywords: activity recognition, automated visual surveillance system, randomized decision trees

Cedric Simon; Jerome Meessen; Christophe De Vleeschouwer

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

KDD on IVR Navigation Trees: Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a case study about data mining applied in IVR's navigation trees. Using data from a Call Center, the main objective is to discover patterns with information about the phone calls. Using a specific part from this information, it ... Keywords: application algorithm, kdd, ura

Thiago T. Anglico; Thais Santos Bueno; Silvio Bortoleto; Anderson Ravanello

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Shuffle of Words and Araucaria Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shuffle of k words $u_1$,…,$u_k$ is the set of words obtained by interleaving the letters of these words such that the order of appearance of all letters of each word is respected. The study of the shuffle product of words leads to the construction ... Keywords: Automaton, remarkable polynomials, shuffle of words, trees

Ren Schott; Jean-Claude Spehner

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Grammatical evolution decision trees for trio designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detection of gene-gene and gene-interactions in genetic association studies is an important challenge in human genetics. The detection of such interactive models presents a difficult computational and statistical challenge, especially as advances ... Keywords: decision trees, gene-gene interactions, grammatical evolution, human genetics, trio designs

Amanda English; Holly Petruso; Chong Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Natural Language Specification of Performance Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accessible specification of performance queries is a key challenge in performance analysis. To this end, we seek to combine the intuitive aspects of natural language query specification with the expressive power and flexibility of the Performance ... Keywords: Natural language, Performance Trees, Performance analysis, Performance requirements specification

Lei Wang; Nicholas J. Dingle; William J. Knottenbelt

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative data, collected in work zones, to ensure that the mobility impacts of the work zone treatments implemented are mitigated. A new decision-making process, which addresses the shortcomings in the current decision-making processes, was developed through the course of this research. The new process incorporates a Performance Measure/Treatment matrix, which recommends multiple performance measures, each of which is chosen to measure the mobility impacts particular to a specific work zone implementation. Most importantly, the revised decision-making process incorporates a feedback loop. Quantitative data collected in work zones is analyzed after the work zone is complete, to determine the impacts specific decisions had on mobility in the work zone. The lessons learned in previous work zones are then incorporated into the decision-making process, lessening the mobility impacts of future work zones. This thesis develops the new decision-making process, and examines the issues with the application of the process.

Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Overlap zoned electrically heated particulate filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter that includes an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than or equal to one, and wherein the N zones and the M sub-zones are arranged in P layers, where P is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Chapman, Mark R [Brighton, MI

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

250

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Services » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation. The EZ Mapping Tool is now available online. EISPC is encouraging states to learn more by participating in demonstration webinars and training sessions

251

Subtyping algorithm of regular tree grammars with disjoint production rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most type systems of statically typed XML processing languages are implemented based on regular expression types, where subtyping reduces to checking inclusion between tree automata, which is not efficient enough. The paper proposes the regular tree ... Keywords: XML, algorithm, subtyping, tree grammar

Lei Chen; Haiming Chen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Reconstructing phylogenetic trees of prokaryote genomes by randomly sampling oligopeptides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees of a given set of prokaryote organisms by randomly sampling relatively small oligopeptides of a fixed length from their complete proteomes. For each of the organisms, a vector of ... Keywords: bioinformatics, evolution, microbial organisms, oligopeptide frequency, phylogenetic tree reconstruction, phylogenetic trees, prokaryote genomes, random sampling

Osamu Maruyama; Akiko Matsuda; Satoru Kuhara

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

OBB-Tree: A Hierarchical Structure for Rapid Interference Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithms for efficient con- struction of tight-fitting OBB-Tree'sand overlap detection between two OBB of models using tight-fitting oriented bounding box trees. At runtime, the algorithm traverses the tree contributions are: 1. New efficient algorithms for hierarchical representation of large models using tight

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

254

Improving tree survival prediction with forecast combination and disaggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving tree survival prediction with forecast combination and disaggregation Xiongqing Zhang was successful in improving tree survival prediction. This method was used in this study to forecast tree the forecast combination method. Our results show that the disaggregation approach improved the performance

Cao, Quang V.

255

A co-evolving decision tree classification method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision tree classification provides a rapid and effective method of categorising datasets. Many algorithmic methods exist for optimising decision tree structure, although these can be vulnerable to changes in the training dataset. An evolutionary method ... Keywords: Classification, Data mining, Decision tree, Evolutionary computation, Simulated annealing

M. J. Aitkenhead

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Refueling Simulation Strategy of a CANDU Reactor Based on Optimum Zone Controller Water Levels  

SciTech Connect

An optimum refueling simulation method was developed for application to a Canada deuterium uranium 713-MW(electric) (CANDU-6) reactor. The objective of the optimization was to maintain the operating range of the zone controller unit (ZCU) water level so that the reference zone power distribution is reproduced following the refueling operation. The zone controller level on the refueling operation was estimated by the generalized perturbation method, which provides sensitivities of the zone power to an individual refueling operation and the zone controller level. By constructing a system equation of the zone power, the zone controller level was obtained, which was used to find the most suitable combination of the refueling channels. The 250-full-power-day refueling simulations showed that the channel and bundle powers are well controlled below the license limits when the ZCU water level remains in the typical operating range.

Choi, Hangbok; Kim, Do Heon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Unsaturated Zone and Saturated Zone Transport Properties (U0100)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) summarizes transport properties for the lower unsaturated zone hydrogeologic units and the saturated zone at Yucca Mountain and provides a summary of data from the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test (UZTT). The purpose of this report is to summarize the sorption and transport knowledge relevant to flow and transport in the units below Yucca Mountain and to provide backup documentation for the sorption parameters decided upon for each rock type. Because of the complexity of processes such as sorption, and because of the lack of direct data for many conditions that may be relevant for Yucca Mountain, data from systems outside of Yucca Mountain are also included. The data reported in this AMR will be used in Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) calculations and as general scientific support for various Process Model Reports (PMRs) requiring knowledge of the transport properties of different materials. This report provides, but is not limited to, sorption coefficients and other relevant thermodynamic and transport properties for the radioisotopes of concern, especially neptunium (Np), plutonium (Pu), Uranium (U), technetium (Tc), iodine (I), and selenium (Se). The unsaturated-zone (UZ) transport properties in the vitric Calico Hills (CHv) are discussed, as are colloidal transport data based on the Busted Butte UZTT, the saturated tuff, and alluvium. These values were determined through expert elicitation, direct measurements, and data analysis. The transport parameters include information on interactions of the fractures and matrix. In addition, core matrix permeability data from the Busted Butte UZTT are summarized by both percent alteration and dispersion.

J. Conca

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

258

Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama) Alabama) Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs The Enterprise Zone Program provides certain tax incentives to corporations, partnerships and proprietorships that locate or expand within designated Enterprise Zones. In addition to state-level tax incentives, businesses may also receive local tax and non-tax incentives for locating or expanding within a designated Enterprise Zone. Section 5 of the Alabama Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives: Credit based

259

A Parallel Tree-SPH code for Galaxy Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new implementation of a parallel Tree-SPH code with the aim to simulate Galaxy Formation and Evolution. The code has been parallelized using SHMEM, a Cray proprietary library to handle communications between the 256 processors of the Silicon Graphics T3E massively parallel supercomputer hosted by the Cineca Supercomputing Center (Bologna, Italy). The code combines the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method to solve hydro-dynamical equations with the popular Barnes and Hut (1986) tree-code to perform gravity calculation with a NlogN scaling, and it is based on the scalar Tree-SPH code developed by Carraro et al(1998)[MNRAS 297, 1021]. Parallelization is achieved distributing particles along processors according to a work-load criterion. Benchmarks, in terms of load-balance and scalability, of the code are analyzed and critically discussed against the adiabatic collapse of an isothermal gas sphere test using 20,000 particles on 8 processors. The code results balanced at more that 95% level. Increasing the number of processors, the load-balance slightly worsens. The deviation from perfect scalability at increasing number of processors is almost negligible up to 32 processors. Finally we present a simulation of the formation of an X-ray galaxy cluster in a flat cold dark matter cosmology, using 200,000 particles and 32 processors, and compare our results with Evrard (1988) P3M-SPH simulations. Additionaly we have incorporated radiative cooling, star formation, feed-back from SNae of type II and Ia, stellar winds and UV flux from massive stars, and an algorithm to follow the chemical enrichment of the inter-stellar medium. Simulations with some of these ingredients are also presented.

Cesario Lia; Giovanni Carraro

1999-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

260

Fault tree analysis of the EBR-II reactor shutdown system  

SciTech Connect

As part of the level I Probabilistic Risk Assessment of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II), detailed fault trees for the reactor shutdown system are developed. Fault tree analysis is performed for two classes of transient events that are of particular importance to EBR-II operation: loss-of-flow and transient-overpower. In all parts of EBR-II reactor shutdown system, redundancy has been utilized in order to reduce scram failure probability. Therefore, heavy emphasis is placed in the fault trees on the common cause failures (CCFs) among similar mechanical components of the control and safety rods and among similar electrical components in redundant detection channels and shutdown strings. Generic beta-factors that cover all types of similar components and reflect redundancy level are used to model the CCFs. Human errors are addressed in the fault trees in two major areas: errors that would prevent the automatic scram channels from detecting the abnormal events and errors that would prevent utilization of the manual scram capability. The fault tree analysis of the EBR-II shutdown system has provided not only a systematic process for calculating the probabilities of system failures but also useful insights into the system and how its elements interact during transient events that require shutdown.

Kamal, S.A.; Hill, D.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mass transport of volatile organic compounds between the saturated and vadose zones. Master`s thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) dissolved in the saturated zone are transported into the vadose zone primarily by gaseous phase diffusion. If the saturated zone is remediated, VOCs present in the vadose zone may become a secondary source of contamination for the groundwater. The amount of VOCs that remain in the vadose zone is dependent on site hydrology, soil properties, and the chemical properties of the contaminants. The purpose of this study was to determine what conditions caused VOC concentrations in the vadose zone to significantly recontaminate the saturated zone. A one-dimensional numerical model was developed to investigate the transport of a VOC, trichioroethylene, between the saturated and vadose zones under a variety of conditions. The model featured steady-state unsaturated water flow and transient contaminant transport. Transport mechanisms included aqueous phase advection-dispersion and gaseous phase diffusion. Partitioning between the water, gas, and soil compartments were modeled as equilibrium processes. Sensitivity analyses were performed on several variables including soil type (homogeneous and heterogeneous profiles), water infiltration rate and vadose zone depth. Results indicated that recontamination was most significant rate, and vadose zone depth. Results indicated that recontamination was most significant in the presence of heterogeneous soils, low infiltration rates and deep vadose zones.

Harner, M.S.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Food and petroleum resources from the Chinese tallow tree. Phase 2. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The general data base on the biology of the Chinese tallow tree (sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb.) was expanded and specific data regarding its genetics and ecology were developed. A morphmetric study and a genetic characterization of the tree was made via isozyme electrophoresis as a basis for a crop-improvement program. Both flowers and seeds were analyzed electrophoretically. Observations were begun of the environmental effects of tallow forest and assessment of possible monoculture effects aimed at predicting impact upon the human environment and predicting potential pest and disease problems associated with large-scale cultivation of the tree. Average temperature was slightly higher in a prairie near the tallow forest, but probably was not different enough to adversely effect prairie organisms.

Scheld, H.W.; Cameron, G.N.; Lester, L.J.; Mason, S.I.

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Genome resequencing reveals multiscale geographic structure and extensive linkage disequilibrium in the forest tree Populus trichocarpa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Population genomics of forest trees provides crucial information for breeding, conservation, and bioenergy feedstock development. As part of a large-scale association study, we resequenced 16 genomes of the model tree Populus trichocarpa to an average depth of 39 . Analyses of the resulting data revealed surprisingly extensive population genetic structure and decay of linkage disequilibrium over much larger physical distances than the expected based on previous, smaller-scale studies. Rates of recombination varied widely across the genome but were largely predictable based on DNA sequence and methylation patterns. Our results suggest that genomewide association studies and accurate prediction of phenotypes from DNA data are more feasible in Populus than previously assumed, thereby laying the foundation for a step change in our understanding of tree biology.

Slavov, Gancho [West Virginia University; DiFazio, Stephen P [West Virginia University; Martin, Joel R [ORNL; Schackwitz, Wendy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Muchero, Wellington [ORNL; Rodgers-Melnick, Eli [West Virginia University; Lipphardt, Mindie [West Virginia University; Pennacchio, Christa [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hellsten, Uffe [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pennacchio, Len [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Gunter, Lee [ORNL; Ranjan, Priya [ORNL; Strauss, Steven [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Rokhsar, Daniel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grantprovides qualified zone investors with cash grants for industrial, commercial or mixed use property. The grant is equal to 20% of the excess...

265

New method for abbreviating the fault tree graphical representation  

SciTech Connect

Fault tree analysis is being widely used for reliability and safety analysis of systems encountered in the nuclear industry and elsewhere. A disadvantage of the fault tree method is the voluminous fault tree graphical representation that conventionally results from analysis of a complex system. Previous methods for shortening the fault tree graphical representation include (1) transfers within the fault tree, and (2) the use of the SAMPLE (K out of N logic) gate, the MATRIX gate, and the SUMMATION gate. The purpose of this presentation is to introduce TABULATION gates as a method to abbreviate the fault tree graphical representation. These new gates reduce the cost of analysis and generally increase the system behavior visibility that is inherent in the fault tree technique. (auth)

Stewart, M.E.; Fussell, J.B.; Crump, R.J.

1974-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Template:LEDSProcessTree | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSProcessTree LEDSProcessTree Jump to: navigation, search This template generates a list of all steps within the given stage of the LEDS Process and provides easy navigation links to traverse from step to step. Edit this template to add, remove or reorder the steps for each stage in the process. Dependencies: jQuery 1.4.2 or higher. LEDSNavHelper Widget - Included automatically, this widget will render 'Previous' and 'Next' buttons to help traverse the steps defined in each stage. The buttons will only be rendered if the Template is included, the current page is one of the steps listed in the provided stage of the template, and a valid step exists either before (Previous) or after (Next) the current page within the list of steps. Parameters include: stage - the stage of the process to display

267

Finding cycles and trees in sublinear time.  

SciTech Connect

We present sublinear-time (randomized) algorithms for finding simple cycles of length at least k {ge} 3 and tree-minors in bounded-degree graphs. The complexity of these algorithms is related to the distance of the graph from being C{sub k}-minor-free (resp., free from having the corresponding tree-minor). In particular, if the graph is far (i.e., {Omega}(1)-far) from being cycle-free, i.e. if one has to delete a constant fraction of edges to make it cycle-free, then the algorithm finds a cycle of polylogarithmic length in time {tilde O}({radical}N), where N denotes the number of vertices. This time complexity is optimal up to polylogarithmic factors. The foregoing results are the outcome of our study of the complexity of one-sided error property testing algorithms in the bounded-degree graphs model. For example, we show that cycle-freeness of N-vertex graphs can be tested with one-sided error within time complexity {tilde O}(poly(1/{epsilon}) {center_dot} {radical}N). This matches the known {Omega}({radical}N) query lower bound, and contrasts with the fact that any minor-free property admits a two-sided error tester of query complexity that only depends on the proximity parameter {epsilon}. For any constant k {ge} 3, we extend this result to testing whether the input graph has a simple cycle of length at least k. On the other hand, for any fixed tree T, we show that T -minor-freeness has a one-sided error tester of query complexity that only depends on the proximity parameter {epsilon}. Our algorithm for finding cycles in bounded-degree graphs extends to general graphs, where distances are measured with respect to the actual number of edges. Such an extension is not possible with respect to finding tree-minors in o({radical}N) complexity.

Czumaj, Artur; Goldreich, Oded; Seshadhri, Comandur; Sohler, Christian; Shapira, Asaf; Ron, Dana

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

NaturAnalogs for the Unsaturated Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is to document natural and anthropogenic (human-induced) analog sites and processes that are applicable to flow and transport processes expected to occur at the potential Yucca Mountain repository in order to build increased confidence in modeling processes of Unsaturated Zone (UZ) flow and transport. This AMR was prepared in accordance with ''AMR Development Plan for U0135, Natural Analogs for the UZ'' (CRWMS 1999a). Knowledge from analog sites and processes is used as corroborating information to test and build confidence in flow and transport models of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This AMR supports the Unsaturated Zone (UZ) Flow and Transport Process Model Report (PMR) and the Yucca Mountain Site Description. The objectives of this AMR are to test and build confidence in the representation of UZ processes in numerical models utilized in the UZ Flow and Transport Model. This is accomplished by: (1) applying data from Boxy Canyon, Idaho in simulations of UZ flow using the same methodologies incorporated in the Yucca Mountain UZ Flow and Transport Model to assess the fracture-matrix interaction conceptual model; (2) Providing a preliminary basis for analysis of radionuclide transport at Pena Blanca, Mexico as an analog of radionuclide transport at Yucca Mountain; and (3) Synthesizing existing information from natural analog studies to provide corroborating evidence for representation of ambient and thermally coupled UZ flow and transport processes in the UZ Model.

A. Simmons; A. Unger; M. Murrell

2000-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

269

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Gulf of California Rift Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Gulf of California Rift Zone...

270

Allegan County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Allegan County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Allegan County, Michigan ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

271

Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

272

Anchorage Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anchorage Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anchorage Borough, Alaska ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

273

Benton County, Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Tennessee ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

274

Arapahoe County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arapahoe County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Arapahoe County, Colorado ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

275

Alfalfa County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alfalfa County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alfalfa County, Oklahoma ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

276

Augusta County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Augusta County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Augusta County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

277

Benton County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

278

Barron County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barron County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barron County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

279

Bedford County, Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bedford County, Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bedford County, Tennessee ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

280

Audrain County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Audrain County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Audrain County, Missouri ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Anderson County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anderson County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anderson County, Kentucky ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

282

Adams County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adams County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number...

283

Ballard County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ballard County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Ballard County, Kentucky ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

284

Ashland County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ashland County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Ashland County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

285

Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

286

Benton County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Washington ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

287

Asotin County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asotin County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Asotin County, Washington ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

288

Development of an assessment methodology for geopressured zones of the upper Gulf Coast based on a study of abnormally pressured gas fields in South Texas. Progress report, 1 March 1976--31 May 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the fourth quarterly reporting period project change-in-scope was approved extending the study area to include Brooks, the remainder of Kenedy and Live Oak Counties. An interim progress report covering that reporting period is presented. Effort during the quarter was directed toward (1) locating drillstem and production test results from geopressured formations, (2) determining formation parameters in an additional large number of producing wells, and (3) searching production records for assessment of geopressured production in Brooks and Kenedy Counties. Several unsuccessful completion tests of geopressured water sands (attempted as gas completions) have been located and these give insight into the problems of completing high-volume water wells in that zone. A successful fracture treatment in a geopressured gas well indicates a producibility increase equivalent to a two-fold improvement in permeability. Permeability calculations for a large number of geopressured and normally pressured gas wells throughout the study area have been completed. In no case has a producing Rio Grande Valley gas well deeper than 10,000 ft. been identified with effective permeability as great as 10 md. Preliminary investigation of Brooks County production has located geopressured production in seven gas fields and in North Kenedy County, an additional three.

Swanson, R.K.; Oetking, P.; Osoba, J.S.; Hagens, R.C.

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Property:ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Number | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number Number Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Number" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 3 + Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 2 + Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 4 + Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 4 + Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 3 +

290

Property:ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype B + Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A +

291

Solar zoning and energy in detached residential dwellings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Solar Envelope is a three dimensional envelope on a site which ensures adjacent neighbors a specified minimum direct solar access time per day throughout the year. The solar envelope was developed as a tool to give buildings in an urban setting the ... Keywords: detached single family residential, solar envelope, solar zoning

Jeffrey Niemasz; Jon Sargent; Christoph F. Reinhart

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Structural geology of Shawneetown fault zone, Southeastern Illinois  

SciTech Connect

Vertical movements of crustal blocks along the narrow east-west-trending Shawneetown fault zone in southeastern Illinois occurred between Early Permian and Late Cretaceous. The main blocks moved vertically and retured to roughly their orignal positions so that strata now show little relative offset across the fault zone. However, individual faults with displacements up to 3,500 ft (1,070 m) bound narrow slices of steeply tilted or overturned strata resulting in a juxtaposition of Kinderhookian (Lower Mississippian) and Upper Devonian strata with Lower Pennsylvanina strata. The bedrock is intensely fractured, commonly brecciated, and cemented with either silica or calcite. Slickensides and mullion display various orientations within the zone and on individual outcrops. The dominant movement, however, appears to be vertical with no evidence for significant strike-slip movements. Pleistocene deposits do not exhibit offsets across the fault zone, indicating that no tectonic activity has occurred since the beginning of that epoch. The trend of the fault zone changes abruptly from east-west in southern Gallatin and easternmost Saline Counties to south-southwest in southern Saline and northeastern Pope Counties, where it joins the Fluorspar area fault complex. Here the zone widens and develops a braided pattern as the amount of displacement along individual faults decreases. The Shawneetown fault zone and Flourspar area fault complex in part are younger than the Cottage Grove fault system to the northwest and the Wabash Valley fault system to the north. The hope of finding structural traps near the junctions of the fuel systems has spurred recent oil exploration in the area.

Lumm, D.K.; Nelson, W.J.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Zoned heating and air conditioning system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a zoned heating and air conditioning system comprising: a central air handling system with an air heating means and an air cooling means and a blower connected to an air duct system; thermostats each have heating and cooling set points, respectively associated with and located in different zones of a building; dampers respectively associated with each building zone positioned in the air duct system. Each damper has an open position allowing air into the respective zone from the duct system and a closed position; relay means for connecting one thermostat to the air handling system upon a call for heating or cooling by one thermostat and disconnecting all other thermostats by connecting one thermostat's connections between the thermostat and air handling system. Only one thermostat is connected to the air handling system at a time and the relay means disconnects one thermostat from the air handling system after one thermostat is satisified; and damper actuating means for unlocking each damper in one building zone responsive actuated by a respective zone thermostat connected to the air handling system by the relay means. The damper actuates means including a damper solenoid for each damper located adjacent each damper and connected to a respective zone thermostat. It unlocks each damper in one building zone responsive to being actuated by the respective zone thermostat and unlocks the dampers in one building zone when one thermostat is actuated while preventing the dampers in another thermostat's building zone from unlocking.

Beachboard, S.A.

1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

294

Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Overview: Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines Jim Green NREL ASES Small Wind Division Webinar January 17, 2008 2 Zoning Basics * Zoning is one form of land use law * Based on legal principle of "police power:" the power to regulate in order to promote the health, morals, safety, and general welfare of the community * Zoning authority originates from state laws called "zoning enabling legislation" - Standard Zoning Enabling Act, Dept. of Commerce, 1920s * Enabling legislation delegates land use authority to local jurisdictions, "Home Rule" - counties, parishes, boroughs, townships, municipalities, cities, villages, etc. 3 Zoning is Daunting * 3,034 counties (National Association of Counties) * 16,504 townships * 19,429 municipalities (National League of Cities)

295

Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

296

Progress toward using hydraulic data to diagnose lost circulation zones  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several wellbore hydraulic models have been examined to determine their applicability in measuring the characteristics of lost circulation zones encountered in geothermal drilling. Characteristics such as vertical location in the wellbore, fracture size, effective permeability, and formation pressure must be known in order to optimize treatment of such zones. The models that have been examined to date are a steady-state model, a standpipe-pressure model, a raising-the-drill-bit model, a mud-weight model, a hydrofracture model, and several time-dependent models. None of these models yet have been found to adequately match the field data obtained from six loss zones in three geothermal wells. The development of these models is presented in this paper, and a discussion of their limitations is provided.

Mansure, A.J.; Glowka, D.A.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Haleakala SW Rift Zone Exploration Project Location Information Coordinates 20.63144440367°, -156.37383611407° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":20.63144440367,"lon":-156.37383611407,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

298

Inflatable Evergreen Polar Zone Dome (EPZD) Settlements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustaining human life at the Earth antipodal Polar Regions is very difficult especially during Winter when water-freezing air temperature, blizzards and whiteouts make normal human existence dangerous. To counter these environmental stresses, we offer the innovative artificial Evergreen Polar Zone Dome (EPZD), an inflated half-hemisphere with interiors continuously providing a Mediterranean Sea-like climate. The Evergreen EPZD structural theory is developed, substantiated by key computations that show it is possible for current building technology to construct and heat large enclosed volumes inexpensively. Specifically, a satisfactory result is reached by using sunlight reflectors and a special double thin film, which concentrates all available solar energy inside the EPZD while, at the same time markedly decreasing the heat loss to exterior Polar Region air. Someday a similar, but remarkably more technological, EPZD design may be employed at proposed Moon and Mars settlements. Key words: artificial hemisphere, inflatable film building, Polar Region homes, solar energy concentrator.

Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

299

U.S. Climate Zones Map for Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Past Climate Zones U. S. Climate Zones for 1979-1999 CBECS: climate zone map Return to Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS Return to CBECS Home Page Note:Map updated with corrections,...

300

U.S. Climate Zones Map for Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Climate Zone U. S. Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS: climate zones map Note:Map updated with corrections, February 2012 Further Explanation on How Climate Zones are Defined...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Property:Buildings/ModelClimateZone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelClimateZone ModelClimateZone Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Model. The allowed values for this property are: Climate Zone 1A Climate Zone 1B Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2B Climate Zone 3A Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3C Climate Zone 4A Climate Zone 4B Climate Zone 4C Climate Zone 5A Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5C Climate Zone 6A Climate Zone 6B Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelClimateZone" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Climate Zone 5A + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Climate Zone 5A + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Climate Zone 5A +

302

HSQ double patterning process for 12 nm resolution x-ray zone plates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Soft x-ray zone plate microscopy is a powerful nano-analytic technique used for a wide variety of scientific and technological studies. Pushing its spatial resolution to 10 nm and below is highly desired and feasible due to the short wavelength of soft x-rays. Instruments using Fresnel zone plate lenses achieve a spatial resolution approximately equal to the smallest, outer most zone width. We developed a double patterning zone plate fabrication process based on a high-resolution resist, hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ), to bypass the limitations of conventional single exposure fabrication to pattern density, such as finite beam size, scattering in resist and modest intrinsic resist contrast. To fabricate HSQ structures with zone widths in the order of 10 nm on gold plating base, a surface conditioning process with (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane, 3-MPT, is used, which forms a homogeneous hydroxylation surface on gold surface and provides good anchoring for the desired HSQ structures. Using the new HSQ double patterning process, coupled with an internally developed, sub-pixel alignment algorithm, we have successfully fabricated in-house gold zone plates of 12 nm outer zones. Promising results for 10 nm zone plates have also been obtained. With the 12 nm zone plates, we have achieved a resolution of 12 nm using the full-field soft x-ray microscope, XM-1.

Chao, Weilun; Kim, Jihoon; Rekawa, Senajith; Fischer, Peter; Anderson, Erik H.

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

303

Answer extraction as sequence tagging with tree edit distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our goal is to extract answers from preretrieved sentences for Question Answering (QA). We construct a linear-chain Conditional Random Field based on pairs of questions and their possible answer sentences, learning the association between questions and answer types. This casts answer extraction as an answer sequence tagging problem for the first time, where knowledge of shared structure between question and source sentence is incorporated through features based on Tree Edit Distance (TED). Our model is free of manually created question and answer templates, fast to run (processing 200 QA pairs per second excluding parsing time), and yields an F1 of 63.3 % on a new public dataset based on prior TREC QA evaluations. The developed system is open-source, and includes an implementation of the TED model that is state of the art in the task of ranking QA pairs. 1

Xuchen Yao; Benjamin Van Durme; Chris Callison-burch; Peter Clark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Implicit Renewal Theory and Power Tails on Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend Goldie's (1991) Implicit Renewal Theorem to enable the analysis of recursions on weighted branching trees. We illustrate the developed method by deriving the power tail asymptotics of the distributions of the solutions R to: R =_D sum_{i=1}^N C_i R_i + Q, R =_D max(max_{i=1}^N C_i R_i, Q), and similar recursions, where (Q, N, C_1,..., C_N) is a nonnegative random vector with N in {0, 1, 2, 3, ..., infinity}, and {R_i}_{i >= 1} are iid copies of R, independent of (Q, N, C_1,..., C_N); =_D denotes the equality in distribution.

Jelenkovi?, Predrag R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

One Picture Is Worth a Dozen Connectives: A Fault-Tree Representation of NPATRL Security Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how we can increase the ease of reading and writing security requirements for cryptographic protocols at the Dolev-Yao level of abstraction by developing a visual language based on fault trees. We develop such a semantics for a ... Keywords: C.2.0.f Network-level security and protection, C.2.2.c Protocol verification, F.4.3 Formal Languages

Iliano Cervesato; Catherine Meadows

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Post-pruning in regression tree induction: An integrated approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The regression tree (RT) induction process has two major phases: the growth phase and the pruning phase. The pruning phase aims to generalize the RT that was generated in the growth phase by generating a subtree that avoids over-fitting to the training ... Keywords: Analytic hierarchy process, Data mining, Decision tree, Mixed integer programming, Multi-objective programming, Performance measures, Post-pruning, Regression tree

Kweku-Muata Osei-Bryson

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

STRATEGIES FOR IMMOBILIZATION OF DEEP VADOSE ZONE CONTAMINANTS AT THE HANFORD CENTRAL PLATEAU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep vadose zone contamination poses some of the most difficult remediation challenges for the protection of groundwater at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. This paper describes processes and technologies being developed to use in the ongoing effort to remediate the contamination in the deep vadose zone at the Hanford Site.

CHRONISTER GB

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

308

Ant colony decision trees: a new method for constructing decision trees based on ant colony optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we would like to propose a new method for constructing decision trees based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). The ACO is a metaheuristic inspired by the behavior of real ants, where they search for optimal solutions by considering both ...

Urszula Boryczka; Jan Kozak

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Climate - Mapping where trees survive, thrive | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fires and infestations that threaten trees. Researchers at the Climate Change Science Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and collaborators on a Forest Service-funded...

310

Winter Bird Use of the Chinese Tallow Tree in Louisiana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) is a non-native invasive tree that is of particular concern in the Southeastern United States. It has become naturalized in a (more)

Baldwin, Michael John

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

NNSA Celebrates Earth Week: Pantex employees plant trees as part...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA Celebrates Earth Week: Pantex employees plant ... NNSA Celebrates Earth Week: Pantex employees plant trees as...

312

Wood-boring Insects of Trees and Shrubs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication explains how to identify and control wood-boring insects that invade shrubs and shade trees in Texas. 12 pages, 9 figures, 6 photographs, 1 table

Drees, Bastiaan M.; Jackman, John A.; Merchant, Michael E.

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

313

Variable Selection and Sensitivity Analysis via Dynamic Trees...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trees, this approach allows for dynamic (sequential) variable selection with fully Bayesian evidence and sensitivity indices not previously enjoyed. Compared with GPs, it...

314

Near-field/altered-zone models report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is studying Yucca Mountain as the possible site for the first underground repository for permanent disposal of spent fuel from commercial nuclear reactors as well as for other types high-level nuclear waste. Emplacement of high-level radioactive waste, especially commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF), in Yucca Mountain will release a large amount of heat into the rock above and below the repository. The heating rate will decrease with time, creating a thermal pulse. Over a period of several thousand years, the rock temperature will rise initially, then drop when the production of decay heat falls below the rate at which heat escapes from the hot zone. Besides raising the rock temperature, much of this heat will vaporize water, which will then condense in cooler regions. The condensate is likely to form a gravity-driven heat pipe above the repository, creating the possibility that water may drain back onto the waste packages (WPs) or that it may ''shed'' through the pillars between emplacement drifts. The long-term importance of these effects has been investigated through the development, testing, and application of thermohydrologic (TH) models. Other effects, such coupled chemical and mechanical processes, may also influence the movement of water above, within, and below the emplacement drifts. A recent report on thermally driven coupled processes (Hardin and Chesnut, 1997) provides a qualitative assessment of the probable significance of these processes for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMSCP) and is the phenomenological framework for the present report. This report describes the conceptual and numerical models that have been developed to predict the thermal, mechanical, hydrologic, and chemical responses to the cumulative heat production of the potential host rock at Yucca Mountain. As proposed, the repository horizon will be situated within the Topopah Spring tuff, in the adjacent middle nonlithophysal and lower lithophysal units. These units are made up of moderately to densely welded, devitrified, fractured tuff. The rock's chemical composition is comparable to that of typical granite, but has textural features and mineralogical characteristics of large-scale, silicic volcanism. Because the repository horizon will be approximately 300 m below the ground surface and 200 m above the water table, the repository will be partially saturated. The welded tuff matrix in the host units is highly impermeable, but water and gas flow readily through fractures. The degree of fracturing in these units is highly variable, and the hydrologic significance of fracturing is an important aspect of site investigation. This report describes the characterization and modeling of a region around the potential repository--the altered zone--a region in which the temperature will be increased significantly by waste-generated heat. Numerical simulation has shown that, depending on the boundary conditions, rock properties, and repository design features incorporated in the models, the altered zone (AZ) may extend from the water table to the ground surface. This report also describes models of the near field, the region comprising the repository emplacement drifts and the surrounding rock, which are critical to the performance of engineered components. Investigations of near-field and altered-zone (NF/AZ) processes support the design of underground repository facilities and engineered barriers and also provide constraint data for probabilistic calculations of waste-isolation performance (i.e., performance assessment). The approach to investigation, which is an iterative process involving hypothesis testing and experimentation, has relied on conceptualizing engineered barriers and on performance analysis. This report is a collection, emphasizing conceptual and numerical models, of the recent results contributed from studies of NF/AZ processes and of quantitative measures of NF/AZ performance. The selection and presentation of contributions are intended to show the iterative development of understand

Hardin, E. L., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Climate Zone 3B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 3B is defined as Dry with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 . The following places are categorized as class 3B climate zones: Andrews County, Texas Baylor County, Texas Borden County, Texas Brewster County, Texas Butte County, California Callahan County, Texas Chaves County, New Mexico Childress County, Texas Clark County, Nevada Cochise County, Arizona Coke County, Texas Coleman County, Texas Collingsworth County, Texas Colusa County, California Concho County, Texas Contra Costa County, California Cottle County, Texas Crane County, Texas Crockett County, Texas

316

Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Displacement Transfer Zone Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone: Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault

317

Climate Zone 5A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone 5A Zone 5A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 5A is defined as Cool- Humid with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5A climate zones: Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Missouri Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, Pennsylvania Albany County, New York Allegan County, Michigan Alleghany County, North Carolina Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Allen County, Indiana Allen County, Ohio Andrew County, Missouri Antelope County, Nebraska Appanoose County, Iowa Armstrong County, Pennsylvania Arthur County, Nebraska

318

Climate Zone 5B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 5B is defined as Dry with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5B climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Washington Apache County, Arizona Arapahoe County, Colorado Asotin County, Washington Baker County, Oregon Beaver County, Utah Benewah County, Idaho Bent County, Colorado Benton County, Washington Boulder County, Colorado Broomfield County, Colorado Canyon County, Idaho Carson City County, Nevada Cassia County, Idaho Catron County, New Mexico Chelan County, Washington Cheyenne County, Colorado

319

Climate Zone Number 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Number 1 Climate Zone Number 1 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 1 is defined as Very Hot - Humid(1A) with IP Units 9000 < CDD50ºF and SI Units 5000 < CDD10ºC Dry(1B) with IP Units 9000 < CDD50ºF and SI Units 5000 < CDD10ºC . The following places are categorized as class 1 climate zones: Broward County, Florida Hawaii County, Hawaii Honolulu County, Hawaii Kalawao County, Hawaii Kauai County, Hawaii Maui County, Hawaii Miami-Dade County, Florida Monroe County, Florida Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Zone_Number_1&oldid=21604" Category: ASHRAE Climate Zones What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

320

Climate Zone 2A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 2 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 2A is defined as Hot - Humid with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2A climate zones: Acadia Parish, Louisiana Alachua County, Florida Allen Parish, Louisiana Anderson County, Texas Angelina County, Texas Appling County, Georgia Aransas County, Texas Ascension Parish, Louisiana Assumption Parish, Louisiana Atascosa County, Texas Atkinson County, Georgia Austin County, Texas Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana Bacon County, Georgia Baker County, Florida Baker County, Georgia Baldwin County, Alabama Bastrop County, Texas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Texas Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Texas Wide Open for Business The Enterprise Zone Program eligible projects to apply for state sales and use tax refunds on purchases of all taxable items purchased for use at qualified business sites related to the project or activity. The level and amount of refund is related to the capital investment and jobs created at the qualified business site. In addition, local communities must offer incentives to participants under the enterprise zone program, such as tax

322

Note: Finding a tree structure in a resolution proof is NP-complete  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The resolution tree problem consists of deciding whether a given sequence-like resolution refutation admits a tree structure. This paper shows the NP-completeness of both the resolution tree problem and a natural generalization of the resolution tree ... Keywords: NP-completeness, Resolution, Tree-like resolution

Jan Hoffmann

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A nNon-photorealistic Model for Procedural Painterly Rendered Trees in the Style of Corot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of a system for the procedural generation and painterly rendering of trees. Specifically, the rendered trees are modeled after those found in the oil landscape paintings of 19th century French painter Camille Corot. The rendering system, which is a combination of MEL-scripted Maya tools and Renderman shaders, facilitates the creation of still images that look convincingly painterly, as well as 3D animations with temporal coherence. Brush stroke properties are animated based on distance from the camera, so that traditional painting techniques for representing depth are incorporated into the computer-generated animations. During the development process, the system was generalized to apply to other structures, such as grass and rocks, and allows for the creation and rendering of entire landscapes. Several example animations were created with the system to demonstrate the ideas developed during the process and the quality of the results.

Losure, Michael Robert

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Streamside Management Zones (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Streamside Management Zones (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation This chapter sets streamside management zones as encompassing a strip at

325

Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incentives (Florida) Incentives (Florida) Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Florida Department of Economic Opportunity Enterprise Zone Incentives encourage business growth within certain geographic areas targeted for economic revitalization. Businesses which create jobs within a designated zone are eligible for several tax incentives, including sales and use tax credit, tax refunds for machinery or equipment, sales tax refund for building materials, and a sales tax exemption for electrical energy

326

Modeling the uptake and transpiration of TCE using phreatophytic trees. Master`s Thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phytoremediation is a recent addition to the numerous methods used today to remediate ground water contaminants. It is proving more effective and efficient compared to existing remediation techniques. The use of phreatophytes, or water seeking trees, has great potential for phytoremediation. These trees are fast growing, long lived, grow their roots down to the ground water table, transpire large amounts of water, and are proven to actively remove contaminants from the soil horizon. The purpose of this research is to develop quantitative concepts for understanding the dynamics of TCE uptake and transpiration by phreatophytic trees over a short rotation woody crop time frame. This will he done by constructing a system dynamics model of this process and running it over a wide range of conditions. This research will offer managers a tool to simulate long-term uptake and transpiration of TCE at potential sites. The results of this study indicate that TCE is actively removed from the soil horizon by phreatophytic trees and a significant proportion of this TCE is then transpired. Changes in soil horizon parameters, xylem flow rates, and variables in the uptake equation greatly influence TCE uptake rates as well as transpiration. Also, parameters used in equations representing flows in and out of the leaf greatly influence transpiration. Better understanding of these processes is essential for managers to accurately predict the amount of TCE removed and transpired during potential phytoremediation projects.

Wise, D.P.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones .3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States May 28, 2008 - 12:32pm Addthis The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin Kolevar today announced the Department's plans to contribute up to $2.3 million over three years, subject to annual appropriations, to identify areas in the Western United States with vast renewable energy resources, and expedite the development and delivery of those resources to meet regional energy needs. The Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ) project, launched by the Western

328

Approximating the traffic grooming problem in tree and star networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of grooming paths in all-optical networks with tree topology so as to minimize the switching cost, measured by the total number of used ADMs. We first present efficient approximation algorithms with approximation factor of 2 ln ... Keywords: add-drop multiplexer (ADM), optical networks, traffic grooming, tree networks, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)

Michele Flammini; Gianpiero Monaco; Luca Moscardelli; Mordechai Shalom; Shmuel Zaks

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Nested rollout policy adaptation for Monte Carlo tree search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monte Carlo tree search (MCTS) methods have had recent success in games, planning, and optimization. MCTS uses results from rollouts to guide search; a rollout is a path that descends the tree with a randomized decision at each ply until reaching a leaf. ...

Christopher D. Rosin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Loosely tree-based alignment for machine translation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We augment a model of translation based on re-ordering nodes in syntactic trees in order to allow alignments not conforming to the original tree structure, while keeping computational complexity polynomial in the sentence length. This is done by adding ...

Daniel Gildea

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Carbon and nitrogen allocation in trees R.E. Dickson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon and nitrogen allocation in trees R.E. Dickson USDA-Forest Service, NCFES, Rhinelander, WI, U.S.A. Introduction Growth of trees and all plants depends up- on maintaining a positive carbon balance despite to multiple environ- mental stresses (Chapin et aL, 1987; Osmond et al., 1987). Light, carbon, water

Recanati, Catherine

332

CUDA accelerated fault tree analysis with C-XSC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault tree analysis is a widespread mathematical method for determining the failure probability of observed real-life systems. In addition to failure probability defined by wear, the system model has to take into account intrinsic and extrinsic system ... Keywords: C-XSC, CUDA, DSI, fault tree analysis

Gabor Rebner; Michael Beer

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

New partially labelled tree similarity measure: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trees are a powerful data structure for representing data for which hierarchical relations can be defined. They have been applied in a number of fields like image analysis, natural language processing, protein structure, or music retrieval, to name a ... Keywords: multimedia, music comparison and retrieval, tree edit distance

David Rizo; Jos M. Iesta

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Approximating Buy-at-Bulk k-Steiner trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the buy-at-bulk $k$-Steiner tree (or rent-or-buy$k$-Steiner tree) problem we are given a graph $G(V,E)$ with a setof terminals $T\\subseteq V$ including a particular vertex $s$ calledthe root, and an integer $k\\leq |T|$. ...

Hajiaghayi, MohammadTaghi

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Optimized query routing trees for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to process continuous queries over Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), sensors are typically organized in a Query Routing Tree (denoted as T) that provides each sensor with a path over which query results can be transmitted to the querying node. ... Keywords: Critical path method, Query routing trees, Sensor networks

Panayiotis Andreou; Demetrios Zeinalipour-Yazti; Andreas Pamboris; Panos K. Chrysanthis; George Samaras

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Nutritive Value of Tree Leaves m the Kansas Flint Hills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

w . 11 `c7 Nutritive Value of Tree Leaves m the Kansas Flint Hills JR. FORWOOD AND C.E. OWENSBY Flint Hills, the tons of tree leaves that fall to the ground each autumn are largely ignored MANAGEMENT 38(l), January 1985 We have observed cattle grazing Flint Hills rangeland in the fall selecting

Owensby, Clenton E.

337

Tree image growth analysis using instantaneous phase modulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the use of Amplitude-Modulation Frequency-Modulation (AM-FM) methods for tree growth analysis. Tree growth is modeled using phase modulation. For adapting AM-FM methods to different images, we introduce the use of fast filterbank filter coefficient ...

Janakiramanan Ramachandran; Marios S. Pattichis; Louis A. Scuderi; Justin S. Baba

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A heuristic method for obstacle avoiding group Steiner tree construction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very large scale integration (VLSI) global routing is typically performed on a rectangular die space amidst multiple IP cores and gates, typically treated as obstacles during net routing. In this paper, we address the global routing problem ... Keywords: VLSI routing, algorithm, group Steiner tree, obstacle avoiding rectilinear steiner tree

Tuhina Samanta; Raka Sardar; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta; Bhargab B. Bhattacharya

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Design of trees in the hose model: The balanced case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the hose model we are given upper bounds b"u^-/b"u^+ on the amount of traffic entering/leaving a node. We show that when @?"u"@?"Vb"u^+=@?"v"@?"Vb"u^-, designing a minimum cost tree network is easy and the cost of an optimal tree reservation is within ... Keywords: Approximation algorithms, Hose model, Network design

Giuseppe Italiano; Stefano Leonardi; Gianpaolo Oriolo

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Genetic modification of gibberellic acid signaling to promote carbon sequestration in tree roots and stems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to determine if gibberellic acid (GA)-modified, semi-dwarfed transgenic poplars had desirable attributes with respect to carbon sequestration. We conducted laboratory and field studies of a number of transgenic genotypes with different GA-modifying transgenes. Ten modified genotypes and controls were intensively studied within in vitro, greenhouse, raised bed, and open field environments. The basic conclusions were: 1) The GA modified trees retained their slowed height growth in the field regardless of density and the genotype with which they competed. 2) The GA modified trees show complex variations in morphology, including internode length, branch angle, leaf shape, and leaf chlorophyll density. 3) The slower biomass growth seen at low density was strongly attenuated by growth at a higher density, suggesting that they could be useful in high density bioenergy plantings. 4) In competition with wild type the GA-modified trees had approximately half the fitness after two years of competition, showing that such transgenic trees would impart a high degree of biosafety to any closely linked transgenes (i.e., trees with such genes could not complete with wild trees in feral environments). Such genes may therefore enable the use of other, higher value and higher risk transgenes when inserted jointly. 5) GA modified trees had the changes in allocation of biomass that were hypothesized; they allocated considerably more biomass to roots vs. shoots in vitro, in the greenhouse, and the field. The roots also tend to be more finely branched. This could provide a useful means to increase carbon flow into soils vs. above ground organs, and may produce plants with increased drought tolerance and biofiltration/bioremediation properties. 6) The leaves and roots of the GA modified trees had changes in their phenolic chemistry, including in lignin and phenolic glycosides, based on metabolic profiling, pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectrometry and HPLC/gel permeation electrophoresis. However, the changes were complex and varied among genotypes and leaf and root tissues in a complex manner not expected. 7) The hypothesized advantage of transgenic tree roots for slowing decomposition could not be confirmed. A number of controlled decomposition trials with root-rot fungi showed only a very small difference in rate of decomposition, and the tendency was for the transgenics to decompose slightly faster than wild type roots, not slower. 8) In vitro and greenhouse studies of root development in GA transgenic and GA treated poplars showed that GA has a direct suppressive effect on root growth and proliferation of lateral roots. The role of GA in root development is little understood, even in model plant species; thus our study provided major new insights relevant to a fundamental aspect of root biology. 9) An intensive, genome scale microarray analysis of changes in gene expression in GA treated and GA transgenic plants gave evidence for new interactions among hormone and cell cycle pathways in the differentiation of adventitious, lateral roots. GA appears to interact extensively with ABA, ethylene, and auxin signaling pathways in controlling root branching. 10) A large number of new GA transgenes were created and inserted to create new kinds of transgenic poplars. These were based on 10 different GA regulatory genes from which 30 different transgenes were created. These included native genomic segments (?cisgenes?); modified native genes (?intragenes?); RNA-interference forms of native genes; and GA:promoter reporter genes. These constructs have shown modified rates of growth and tree form, including some with greatly increased biomass growth rates in the greenhouse. If verified in the field, this technology could lead to a new means for producing varieties with increased value as biofuel crops. Their study is continuing in greenhouse and field environments.

Strauss, S H; Busov, V; Kosola, K; Kennedy, J; Morrell, J; Ma, C; Elias, A; Etherington, E

2009-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Toxic hazards of the industrial atmospheric pollutant sulphur dioxide on tree crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

most important perennial tree crop of Kerala, which plays aeconomy, is the major tree crop in and around factories ofsulphur dioxide on tree crops such as coconut. The study

Rani, B Dr.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Joshua Tree and Mojave Go Solar  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This case study describes two of the many projects in which the Department of the Interior's National Park Service works with private contractors and other agencies, such as the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), to replace fossil-fuel-powered diesel generators with renewable energy systems in the nation's parks. This is done to reduce the greenhouse-gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide and nitrous oxides, associated with using fossil fuels to generate electric power in remote areas of the parks. Two solar electric (photovoltaic) systems were installed in Joshua Tree National Park and Mojave National Preserve in southern California, and more are planned. The systems are cleaner and less noisy than the old generators they replaced; they are connected to storage batteries and backed up by new propane generators in case of a prolonged period without sunlight.

Epstein, K.; Pitchford, P.

2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Prognostic Relationship for Entrainment Zone Thickness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thickness of the entrainment zone at the top of the atmospheric mixed layer is analyzed using measurements made with a ground-based lidar during the BLX83 and CIRCE field programs. When the entrainment-zone depth normalized by mixed-layer ...

Eric Nelson; Roland Stull; Edwin Eloranta

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Data driven process monitoring based on neural networks and classification trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Process monitoring in the chemical and other process industries has been of great practical importance. Early detection of faults is critical in avoiding product quality deterioration, equipment damage, and personal injury. The goal of this dissertation is to develop process monitoring schemes that can be applied to complex process systems. Neural networks have been a popular tool for modeling and pattern classification for monitoring of process systems. However, due to the prohibitive computational cost caused by high dimensionality and frequently changing operating conditions in batch processes, their applications have been difficult. The first part of this work tackles this problem by employing a polynomial-based data preprocessing step that greatly reduces the dimensionality of the neural network process model. The process measurements and manipulated variables go through a polynomial regression step and the polynomial coefficients, which are usually of far lower dimensionality than the original data, are used to build a neural network model to produce residuals for fault classification. Case studies show a significant reduction in neural model construction time and sometimes better classification results as well. The second part of this research investigates classification trees as a promising approach to fault detection and classification. It is found that the underlying principles of classification trees often result in complicated trees even for rather simple problems, and construction time can excessive for high dimensional problems. Fisher Discriminant Analysis (FDA), which features an optimal linear discrimination between different faults and projects original data on to perpendicular scores, is used as a dimensionality reduction tool. Classification trees use the scores to separate observations into different fault classes. A procedure identifies the order of FDA scores that results in a minimum tree cost as the optimal order. Comparisons to other popular multivariate statistical analysis based methods indicate that the new scheme exhibits better performance on a benchmarking problem.

Zhou, Yifeng

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Climate Zone 7B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 7 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 7A is defined as Very Cold with IP Units 9000 < HDD65ºF ≤ 12600 and SI Units 5000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 7000 . The following places are categorized as class 7B climate zones: Clear Creek County, Colorado Grand County, Colorado Gunnison County, Colorado Hinsdale County, Colorado Jackson County, Colorado Lake County, Colorado Lincoln County, Wyoming Mineral County, Colorado Park County, Colorado Pitkin County, Colorado Rio Grande County, Colorado Routt County, Colorado San Juan County, Colorado Sublette County, Wyoming Summit County, Colorado Teton County, Wyoming Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Zone_7B&oldid=2161

346

Applied Field Research Initiative Deep Vadose Zone  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Applied Field Research Initiative Applied Field Research Initiative Deep Vadose Zone Located on the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ AFRI) was established to protect water resources by addressing the challenge of preventing contamination in the deep vadose zone from reaching groundwater. Led by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Initiative is a collaborative effort that leverages Department of Energy (DOE) investments in basic science and applied research and the work of site contractors to address the complex deep vadose zone contamination challenges. Challenge Many vadose zone environments within the DOE complex consist of complex stratified layers of unconsolidated and water-unsaturated sediments that are, in many places, con-

347

Climate Zone 6B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Zone 6B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 6 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 6B is defined as Dry with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6B climate zones: Adams County, Idaho Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alpine County, California Archuleta County, Colorado Bannock County, Idaho Bear Lake County, Idaho Beaverhead County, Montana Big Horn County, Montana Big Horn County, Wyoming

348

Climate Zone 4C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Zone 4C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 4C is defined as Mixed - Marine with IP Units 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units 2000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4C climate zones: Benton County, Oregon Clackamas County, Oregon Clallam County, Washington Clark County, Washington Clatsop County, Oregon Columbia County, Oregon Coos County, Oregon Cowlitz County, Washington Curry County, Oregon Douglas County, Oregon

349

Rapid ontogenetic niche expansions in invasive Chinese tallow tree permit establishment in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid ontogenetic niche expansions in invasive Chinese tallow tree permit establishment and poorly understood. Chinese tallow tree Triadica sebifera is a major invader demonstrating broad variation

Siemann, Evan

350

FIRST DRAFT OF OUTLINE: RPSEA 1 RESIDUAL OIL ZONE RESEARCH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Residual Oil Zones: Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico and West Texas RPSEA PROJECT NUMBER.FINAL Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Residual Oil Zones: Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico and West Texas Contract 81.089 08123-19-RPSEA June 28, 2012 Dr. Robert Trentham Director, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification The University of Texas of the Permian Basin Odessa, Texas 79762 L. Steven Melzer Melzer Consulting Midland, Texas 79701 David Vance Arcadis, U. S. Midland, Texas 79701 LEGAL NOTICE This report was prepared by Dr Robert Trentham as an account of work sponsored by the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America, RPSEA. Neither RPSEA

351

A Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain, Nevada Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A three-dimensional unsaturated-zone numerical model has been developed to simulate flow and distribution of moisture, gas and heat at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, a potential repository site for high-level radioactive waste. The model takes into account the simultaneous flow dynamics of liquid water, vapor, air and heat in the highly heterogeneous, fractured porous rock in the unsaturated zone (UZ). This model is intended for use in the prediction of the current and future conditions in the UZ so

352

A Gas-Fired Heat Pipe Zone Heater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gas-fired vented zone heater has recently been developed by the Altar Corporation for Colorado State University (CSU) under a Gas Research Institute (GRI) contract. The unit war developed for auxiliary heating applications in passive solar buildings. An early prototype was tested at Altas and operated as expected. The final model was shipped to CSU in December 1983 for testing in the REPEAT Facility at CSU. A heat pipe extends through the wall to the outside of the building. It has a modest water charge which can freeze repeatedly with no damage, since the heat pips is only partially filled. Firing efficiency at 4,000 Btu/b (1.17 kW thermal) is approximately 80%. The unit features a 3 foot by 3 foot radiator mounted inside the room to be heated, and is thermostatically controlled. Ignition is accomplished with an electronic sparker (pilot). The radiator typically operates at 150-180F (65-82C), and has been operated at between 2,000 and 5,000 Btu/h (0.6-1.47 kW). Results of testing the vented heat pipe zone heater at CSU arm presented. Also, a method for determining the optimal combination of zone heater, passive solar heating and energy conservation measures has been developed. Nomographs have been developed that may be used by a building designer to determine the optimal combination of zone heater size, passive solar system size, and energy conservation measures for given types of passive solar heating systems in selected locations. A representative nomograph is presented along with a design example.

Winn, C. B.; Burns, P.; Guire, J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up November 10, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Iowa non-profit will plant 2,500 trees to encourage energy efficiency Using nearly $160,000 in State Energy Program funding through the Recovery Act Large shade trees can lower cooling bills by up to 30 percent

354

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up November 10, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Iowa non-profit will plant 2,500 trees to encourage energy efficiency Using nearly $160,000 in State Energy Program funding through the Recovery Act Large shade trees can lower cooling bills by up to 30 percent

355

Evaluating In-Clique and Topological Parallelism Strategies for Junction Tree-Based Bayesian Inference Algorithm on the Cray XMT  

SciTech Connect

Long viewed as a strong statistical inference technique, Bayesian networks have emerged to be an important class of applications for high-performance computing. We have applied an architecture-conscious approach to parallelizing the Lauritzen-Spiegelhalter Junction Tree algorithm for exact inferencing in Bayesian networks. In optimizing the Junction Tree algorithm, we have implemented both in-clique and topological parallelism strategies to best leverage the fine-grained synchronization and massive-scale multithreading of the Cray XMT architecture. Two topological techniques were developed to parallelize the evidence propagation process through the Bayesian network. One technique involves performing intelligent scheduling of junction tree nodes based on its topology and relative size. The second technique involves decomposing the junction tree into a much finer tree-like representation to offer much more opportunities for parallelism. We evaluate these optimizations on five different Bayesian networks and report our findings and observations. Another important contribution of this paper is to demonstrate the application of massive-scale multithreading for load balancing and use of implicit parallelism-based compiler optimizations in designing scalable inferencing algorithms.

Chin, George; Choudhury, Sutanay; Kangas, Lars J.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Marquez, Andres

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Considerations for the habitable zone of super-Earth planets in Gliese 581  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assess the possibility that planets Gliese 581 c and d are within the habitable zone. In analogy with our solar system, we use an empirical definition of the habitable zone. We include assumptions such as planetary climates, and atmospheric circulation on gravitationally locked synchronous rotation. Based on the different scenarios, we argue that both planets in Gliese 581 could develop conditions for a habitable zone. In an Earth-like environment planet d could be within a habitable zone, if an atmosphere producing greenhouse effect of 100K could have developed. If the planets are gravitationally locked-in, planet c could develop atmospheric circulation that would allow it to reach temperatures consistent with the existence of surface liquid water, which in turn could support life.

P. Chylek; M. R. Perez

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

357

Woody biomass potential of the Chinese tallow tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum Roxb.) ia a rapid-growing species that has become naturalized along the Gulf and southern Atlantic coasts. The tree is particularly well adapted to poorly-drained and saline soils. Chinese tallow seedlings planted at 2' x 2' spacing produced over 5 dry tons of biomass/acre at the end of the second growing season, while the biomass accumulation on coppiced plots was more than 7 dry tons/acre at the end of the second year. The Chinese tallow tree has considerable promise as a woody biomass species in the southern coastal regions of the United States. 4 references, 1 figure, 4 tables.

Scheld, H.W.; Cowles, J.R.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Tree-Ring-Based Reconstruction of Precipitation in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, since 1260 a.d  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cores and cross sections from 79 Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and limber pine (Pinus flexilis) trees at four sites in the Bighorn Basin of north-central Wyoming and south-central Montana were used to develop a proxy for annual (JuneJune) ...

Stephen T. Gray; Christopher L. Fastie; Stephen T. Jackson; Julio L. Betancourt

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Enrichment Zoning Options for the Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE)  

SciTech Connect

Advancement of U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program requires high performance propulsion systems to support a variety of robotic and crewed missions beyond low Earth orbit. In NASAs recent Mars Design Reference Architecture (DRA) 5.0 study (NASA-SP-2009-566, July 2009), nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) was again selected over chemical propulsion as the preferred in-space transportation system option because of its high thrust and high specific impulse (-900 s) capability, increased tolerance to payload mass growth and architecture changes, and lower total initial mass in low Earth orbit. An extensive nuclear thermal rocket technology development effort was conducted from 1955-1973 under the Rover/NERVA Program. The Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE) was the last engine design studied by the Los Alamos National Laboratory during the program. At the time, this engine was a state-of-the-art design incorporating lessons learned from the very successful technology development program. Past activities at the NASA Glenn Research Center have included development of highly detailed MCNP Monte Carlo transport models of the SNRE and other small engine designs. Preliminary core configurations typically employ fuel elements with fixed fuel composition and fissile material enrichment. Uniform fuel loadings result in undesirable radial power and temperature profiles in the engines. Engine performance can be improved by some combination of propellant flow control at the fuel element level and by varying the fuel composition. Enrichment zoning at the fuel element level with lower enrichments in the higher power elements at the core center and on the core periphery is particularly effective. Power flattening by enrichment zoning typically results in more uniform propellant exit temperatures and improved engine performance. For the SNRE, element enrichment zoning provided very flat radial power profiles with 551 of the 564 fuel elements within 1% of the average element power. Results for this and alternate enrichment zoning options for the SNRE are compared.

Bruce G. Schnitzler; Stanley K. Borowski

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

FLUX EMERGENCE IN A MAGNETIZED CONVECTION ZONE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the influence of a dynamo magnetic field on the buoyant rise and emergence of twisted magnetic flux ropes and their influence on the global external magnetic field. We ran three-dimensional MHD numerical simulations using the ASH code (anelastic spherical harmonics) and analyzed the dynamical evolution of such buoyant flux ropes from the bottom of the convection zone until the post-emergence phases. The global nature of this model can only very crudely and inaccurately represent the local dynamics of the buoyant rise of the implanted magnetic structure, but nonetheless allows us to study the influence of global effects, such as self-consistently generated differential rotation and meridional circulation, and of Coriolis forces. Although motivated by the solar context, this model cannot be thought of as a realistic model of the rise of magnetic structures and their emergence in the Sun, where the local dynamics are completely different. The properties of initial phases of the buoyant rise are determined essentially by the flux-rope's properties and the convective flows and consequently are in good agreement with previous studies. However, the effects of the interaction of the background dynamo field become increasingly strong as the flux ropes evolve. During the buoyant rise across the convection zone, the flux-rope's magnetic field strength scales as B{proportional_to}{rho}{sup {alpha}}, with {alpha} {approx}current density is observed to precede flux emergence at all longitudes. The geometry, latitude, and relative orientation of the flux ropes with respect to the background magnetic field influences the resulting rise speeds, zonal flow amplitudes (which develop within the flux ropes), and the corresponding surface signatures. This influences the morphology, duration and amplitude of the surface shearing, and the Poynting flux associated with magnetic flux-rope emergence. The emerged magnetic flux influences the system's global polarity, leading in some cases to a polarity reversal while inhibiting the background dynamo from doing so in others. The emerged magnetic flux is slowly advected poleward while being diffused and assimilated by the background dynamo field.

Pinto, R. F.; Brun, A. S., E-mail: rui.pinto@cea.fr [Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay, CEA/Irfu Universite Paris-Diderot CNRS/INSU, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Managing Commercial Tree Species for Timber Production and Carbon Sequestration: Management Guidelines and Financial Returns  

SciTech Connect

A carbon credit market is developing in the United States. Information is needed by buyers and sellers of carbon credits so that the market functions equitably and efficiently. Analyses have been conducted to determine the optimal forest management regime to employ for each of the major commercial tree species so that profitability of timber production only or the combination of timber production and carbon sequestration is maximized. Because the potential of a forest ecosystem to sequester carbon depends on the tree species, site quality and management regimes utilized, analyses have determined how to optimize carbon sequestration by determining how to optimally manage each species, given a range of site qualities, discount rates, prices of carbon credits and other economic variables. The effects of a carbon credit market on the method and profitability of forest management, the cost of sequestering carbon, the amount of carbon that can be sequestered, and the amount of timber products produced has been determined.

Gary D. Kronrad

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

362

Dynamic trees can aid in performance tuning of scientific codes | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trees can aid in performance tuning of scientific codes trees can aid in performance tuning of scientific codes July 16, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint The term "heterogeneous computers" generally refers to the growing complexity and diversity of modern computers. These include hybrid CPU-GPU, CPU-accelerator, many-core systems, and other novel architectures. Such systems make "portability" of scientific computing codes increasingly difficult, since a tremendous amount of developer-hours is required to achieve high performance on each new class or type of computer. Getting this performance "just right" on a new machine is called performance tuning. Researchers from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, together with Stefan Wild, an assistant computational mathematician in the

363

Category:County Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Climate Zones County Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search This category contains county climate zone information in the United States of America. Contents: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pages in category "County Climate Zones" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,141 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone

364

Observing Surf-Zone Dispersion with Drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surf-zone dispersion is studied using drifter observations collected within about 200 m of the shoreline (at depths of less than about 5 m) on a beach with approximately alongshore uniform bathymetry and waves. There were about 70 individual ...

Matthew Spydell; Falk Feddersen; R. T. Guza; W. E. Schmidt

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Climate Zone Number 7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Number 7 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 7 is defined as Very Cold with IP Units 9000 < HDD65ºF ≤ 12600 and SI Units 5000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 7000 . The following places are categorized as class 7 climate zones: Aitkin County, Minnesota Aleutians East Borough, Alaska Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska Anchorage Borough, Alaska Aroostook County, Maine Ashland County, Wisconsin Baraga County, Michigan Barnes County, North Dakota Bayfield County, Wisconsin Becker County, Minnesota Beltrami County, Minnesota Benson County, North Dakota Bottineau County, North Dakota Bristol Bay Borough, Alaska Burke County, North Dakota Burnett County, Wisconsin Carlton County, Minnesota Cass County, Minnesota

366

Climate Zone 2B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 2 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 2B is defined as Dry with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2B climate zones: Bandera County, Texas Dimmit County, Texas Edwards County, Texas Frio County, Texas Imperial County, California Kinney County, Texas La Paz County, Arizona La Salle County, Texas Maricopa County, Arizona Maverick County, Texas Medina County, Texas Pima County, Arizona Pinal County, Arizona Real County, Texas Uvalde County, Texas Val Verde County, Texas Webb County, Texas Yuma County, Arizona Zapata County, Texas Zavala County, Texas Retrieved from

367

Climate Zone 4A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 4A is defined as Mixed - Humid with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4A climate zones: Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Kentucky Adams County, Ohio Alamance County, North Carolina Albemarle County, Virginia Alexander County, Illinois Alexander County, North Carolina Alexandria County, Virginia Allegany County, Maryland Alleghany County, Virginia Allen County, Kansas Allen County, Kentucky Amelia County, Virginia Amherst County, Virginia Anderson County, Kansas Anderson County, Kentucky

368

Climate Zone 4B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 4B is defined as Dry with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4B climate zones: Amador County, California Armstrong County, Texas Baca County, Colorado Bailey County, Texas Beaver County, Oklahoma Bernalillo County, New Mexico Briscoe County, Texas Calaveras County, California Carson County, Texas Castro County, Texas Cibola County, New Mexico Cimarron County, Oklahoma Cochran County, Texas Curry County, New Mexico Dallam County, Texas De Baca County, New Mexico Deaf Smith County, Texas

369

Climate Zone 6A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 6 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 6A is defined as Cold - Humid with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6A climate zones: Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Alcona County, Michigan Alger County, Michigan Allamakee County, Iowa Allegany County, New York Alpena County, Michigan Androscoggin County, Maine Anoka County, Minnesota Antrim County, Michigan Arenac County, Michigan Aurora County, South Dakota Barron County, Wisconsin Beadle County, South Dakota Belknap County, New Hampshire Bennington County, Vermont

370

Climate Zone Number 8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Climate Zone Number 8 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE...

371

Climate Zone 1A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Climate Zone 1A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE...

372

Microbial oceanography of anoxic oxygen minimum zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vast expanses of oxygen-deficient and nitrite-rich water define the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the global ocean. They support diverse microbial communities that influence the nitrogen economy of the oceans, ...

Ulloa, Osvaldo

373

Climate Zone 3C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 3C is defined as Warm - Marine with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3C climate zones: Alameda County, California Marin County, California Mendocino County, California Monterey County, California Napa County, California San Benito County, California San Francisco County, California San Luis Obispo County, California San Mateo County, California Santa Barbara County, California Santa Clara County, California Santa Cruz County, California Sonoma County, California Ventura County, California

374

Climate Zone 3A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 3A is defined as Warm - Humid with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 . The following places are categorized as class 3A climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Mississippi Aiken County, South Carolina Alcorn County, Mississippi Alfalfa County, Oklahoma Allendale County, South Carolina Amite County, Mississippi Anderson County, South Carolina Anson County, North Carolina Archer County, Texas Arkansas County, Arkansas Ashley County, Arkansas Atoka County, Oklahoma Attala County, Mississippi Autauga County, Alabama Baldwin County, Georgia

375

Definition: Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources

376

Zone control system for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

A zone control system adapted to control temperatures in a building is described having a temperature modifying plant to modify the temperature of a heat exchange medium, circulator means to circulate the medium, and flow control means to regulate the flow of the medium. The system includes zone thermostats with one thermostat per controlled zone, and with each thermostat including temperature responsive means and heat anticipator means to modify the temperature of the temperature responsive means; at least one of the flow control means per controlled zone, and each of the flow control means being capable of energizing the circulator means when the flow control means operates to permit circulation of the heat exchange medium; each zone thermostat including on-off timer means having normally open switch means, and further including intermediate on timer means having normally open switch means; first zone control circuit means including a temperature responsive means of the first thermostat, a heat anticipator means of the first thermostat, and circuit means with normally closed switch means capable of energizing a first flow control means to an open position upon the first thermostat calling for operation of the temperature modifying plant. The timer means of the first thermostat is actuated by the first thermostat calling for operation of the temperature modifying plant; a first of the on-off timer means operating its switch means to an on state after a fixed time interval to latch the first flow control means into an open condition; a first of the intermediate on timer means operating its switch means to an on state after a second fixed time interval to energize the modifying plant and complete a circuit to a secondary anticipation heater of a second zone thermostat capable of adding heat to the second zone thermostat; and the first on-off timer means maintaining its switch means closed.

Nelson, L.W.

1986-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

Zone heated diesel particulate filter electrical connection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical connection system for a particulate filter is provided. The system includes: a particulate filter (PF) disposed within an outer shell wherein the PF is segmented into a plurality of heating zones; an outer mat disposed between the particulate filter and the outer shell; an electrical connector coupled to the outer shell of the PF; and a plurality of printed circuit connections that extend along the outer surface of the PF from the electrical connector to the plurality of heating zones.

Gonze, Eugene V. (Pinckney, MI); Paratore, Jr., Michael J. (Howell, MI)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

DEEP VADOSE ZONE TREATABILITY TEST PLAN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

{sm_bullet} Treatability test plan published in 2008 {sm_bullet} Outlines technology treatability activities for evaluating application of in situ technologies and surface barriers to deep vadose zone contamination (technetium and uranium) {sm_bullet} Key elements - Desiccation testing - Testing of gas-delivered reactants for in situ treatment of uranium - Evaluating surface barrier application to deep vadose zone - Evaluating in situ grouting and soil flushing

GB CHRONISTER; MJ TRUEX

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

379

Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.

Vinegar, Harold J

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

Theory and Applications of the Minimum Spanning Tree Rank Histogram  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A minimum spanning tree (MST) rank histogram (RH) is a multidimensional ensemble reliability verification tool. The construction of debiased, decorrelated, and covariance-homogenized MST RHs is described. Experiments using Euclidean L2, variance, ...

Daniel Gombos; James A. Hansen; Jun Du; Jeff McQueen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Bottom-up generative modeling of tree-structured data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a compositional probabilistic model for treestructured data that defines a bottom-up generative process from the leaves to the root of a tree. Contextual state transitions are introduced from the joint configuration of the children to the ...

Davide Bacciu; Alessio Micheli; Alessandro Sperduti

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Efficiently finding the most parsimonious phylogenetic tree via linear programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reconstruction of phylogenetic trees is a fundamental problem in computational biology. While excellent heuristic methods are available for many variants of this problem, new advances in phylogeny inference will be required if we are to be able to continue ...

Srinath Sridhar; Fumei Lam; Guy E. Blelloch; R. Ravi; Russell Schwartz

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Segmentation of airway trees from multislice CT using fuzzy logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The segmentation and reconstruction of the human airway tree from volumetric computed tomography (CT) images facilitates many clinical applications and physiological investigations. The main problem with standard automated region-growing segmentation ...

Tan Kok Liang; Toshiyuki Tanaka; Hidetoshi Nakamura; Toru Shirahata; Hiroaki Sugiura

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Tree Death Study's Climate Change Connection LANL researchers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers March 12, 2012 How trees die in drought key to plant, climate change questions How plants die during drought is one...

385

Microsoft Word - Appendix M_ContingencyTrees.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

M Groundwater Operable Unit Contingency Trees U.S. Department of Energy Weldon Spring Site LTS&M Plan July 2005 Doc. No. S0079000 Page M-3 Figure M-1. Validation and Statistical...

386

Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline Turning Leftover Trees into Biogasoline June 7, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Researchers at Virginia Tech are working to show how biogasoline could potentially be created in existing petroleum refineries, instead of at new biorefineries as shown here. | File illustration Researchers at Virginia Tech are working to show how biogasoline could potentially be created in existing petroleum refineries, instead of at new biorefineries as shown here. | File illustration Joshua DeLung Could leftover Christmas trees be turned into biogasoline? That's the question researchers at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University have been working for three years to address. The research team says making stable biogasoline in existing refineries- from

387

Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo | National Nuclear Security Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo Capitol Christmas tree stops in Amarillo Posted By Office of Public Affairs Pantex employees on Saturday got a chance to check out the 2013 Capitol

388

Consistent and efficient reconstruction of latent tree models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the problem of learning a latent tree graphical model where samples are available only from a subset of variables. We propose two consistent and computationally efficient algorithms for learning minimal latent ...

Choi, Myung Jin

389

Shaping urban form without zoning: a case study of houston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Houston is the only major city in North America without zoning. The growth of Houston illustrates a traditional free market philosophy in which land use zoning is seen as a violation to private property and personal liberty. This dissertation explores how the lack of zoning has an impact on land use and urban form in Houston. It is based on a theoretical framework derived from economics and public policy theories for institutional analyses of land development controls. The dissertation uses cluster analysis integrating socioeconomic factors from census data to select three case study neighborhoods, and then applies GIS to analyze their urban form spatial characteristics with spatial data from Houston Planning Department. It also uses qualitative methods such as archives and documentations for the three neighborhoods. The study investigates the change of urban form in three case study neighborhoods over two decades. It also explores how local land use policies made by both the local government and non-governmental sectors shape urban form in Houston. The study results show that despite the citys lack of zoning, local land use regulatory policies made by the municipality have significant influence on urban development. Additionally, civic and private organizations such as super neighborhoods and homeowner associations fill the gaps left by the lack of land use zoning. These two aspects contribute to land use planning and urban form of the city. Houston presents a contradiction of limited government intervention and public investments and subsidies. Land use controls by private contract and by government legislative intervention are not mutually exclusive or immutable. The study finds that it is difficult to achieve mixed race and income neighborhoods, even without zoning. Equity goals are not met in market approaches. Deed restrictions might be better at facilitating property sales and maintenance than at improving community welfare and governance. From the theoretical perspective, the study argues that a spectrum of market solutions and planning approaches at the ends are more relevant than the bipolarity view. Equity goals are not met in market approaches. For welfare and rights, public planning intervention is necessary. The market might provide physical land use diversity, but it fails to support socioeconomic diversity.

Qian, Zhu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Details of U.S. Climate Zones:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones: The CBECS climate zones are groups of climate divisions, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which are regions within a state that are as climatically homogeneous as possible. Each NOAA climate division is placed into one of five CBECS climate zones based on its 30-year average heating degree-days (HDD) and cooling degree-days (CDD) for the period 1971 through 2000. (These climate zones have been updated for the 2003 CBECS. All previous CBECS used averages for the 45-year period from 1931 through 1975.) A HDD is a measure of how cold a location was over a period of time, relative to a base temperature (in CBECS, 65 degrees Fahrenheit). The heating degree-day is the difference between that day's average temperature and 65 degrees if the daily average is less than 65; it is zero if the daily average temperature is greater than or equal to 65. For example, if the average temperature for a given day is 40 degrees, then the heating degree-days for that single day equal 25. Heating degree-days for a year are the sum of the daily heating degree-days that year.

391

Approximating the traffic grooming problem in tree and star networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of grooming paths in all-optical networks with tree topology so as to minimize the switching cost, measured by the total number of used ADMs. We first present efficient approximation algorithms with approximation factor of 2ln(@d@?g)+o(ln(@d@?g)) ... Keywords: Add-drop multiplexer (ADM), Optical networks, Traffic grooming, Tree networks, Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)

Michele Flammini; Gianpiero Monaco; Luca Moscardelli; Mordechai Shalom; Shmuel Zaks

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

On periodic wave functions of Schrdinger operators on Cayley trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the paper we define periodic wave functions for a (discrete) Schr\\"odinger operator on a Cayley tree. This periodicity depends on a subgroup of a group representation of the Cayley tree. For any subgroup of finite index we give a criterion for eigenvalues of the Schr\\"odinger operator under which there are periodic wave functions. For a normal subgroup of infinite index we describe a class of periodic wave functions.

Fumio Hiroshima; Utkir Rozikov

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

393

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region edit Details Areas (15)...

394

Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

395

Androscoggin County, Maine ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Androscoggin County, Maine ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Androscoggin County, Maine ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

396

Bennington County, Vermont ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bennington County, Vermont ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bennington County, Vermont ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

397

Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

398

Baltimore County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baltimore County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Baltimore County, Maryland ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

399

Barnwell County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barnwell County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barnwell County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

400

Berkshire County, Massachusetts ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berkshire County, Massachusetts ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berkshire County, Massachusetts ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Aleutians East Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aleutians East Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Aleutians East Borough, Alaska ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

402

Alexander County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alexander County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alexander County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

403

Albemarle County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albemarle County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Albemarle County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

404

Berks County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berks County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berks County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

405

Bayfield County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bayfield County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bayfield County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

406

Alamance County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alamance County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alamance County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

407

Archuleta County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Archuleta County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Archuleta County, Colorado ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

408

Beauregard Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beauregard Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beauregard Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

409

Allendale County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Allendale County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Allendale County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

410

Baltimore City County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baltimore City County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Baltimore City County, Maryland ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

411

Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

412

Alameda County, California ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Alameda County, California ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alameda County,...

413

Bedford City County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bedford City County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bedford City County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

414

Beaufort County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Facebook icon Twitter icon Beaufort County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beaufort County, North...

415

Alleghany County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alleghany County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alleghany County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

416

Aitkin County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Aitkin County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Aitkin County, Minnesota...

417

Barbour County, West Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbour County, West Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barbour County, West Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

418

Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

419

Beltrami County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beltrami County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beltrami County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

420

Belknap County, New Hampshire ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belknap County, New Hampshire ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Belknap County, New Hampshire ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Bertie County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bertie County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bertie County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

422

Arlington County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arlington County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Arlington County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

423

Bamberg County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bamberg County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bamberg County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

424

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration...

425

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal...

426

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

427

Variation in sericite composition from fracture zones within...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

zones of the crystalline basement contain coarse-grained relict muscovite, whereas rock alteration near fracture zones at temperatures > 150C is characterized by abundant...

428

Renewable Energy Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement Renewable Energy Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings For Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel...

429

Negative plantsoil feedbacks may limit persistence of an invasive tree due to rapid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: biological invasions; Chinese tallow tree; pathogen accumulation; persistence; plant­soil feedbacks 1

Siemann, Evan

430

Improved Fixed-Parameter Algorithms for Minimum-Flip Consensus Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In computational phylogenetics, the problem of constructing a consensus tree for a given set of rooted input trees has frequently been addressed. In this article we study the Minimum-Flip Problem: the input trees are transformed into a binary ... Keywords: Phylogenetics, consensus tree, fixed-parameter algorithm

Sebastian Bcker; Quang Bao Anh Bui; Anke Truss

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The impact of tree structures on the performance of zerotree-based wavelet video codecs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze the impact of tree structures on the performance of zerotree-based wavelet video codecs. Since zerotree approach is based on aggregation of insignificant coefficients in trees, therefore design of a tree structure is the key ... Keywords: Color image coding, SPIHT, Tree structure, Wavelet video, Zerotree coding

Athar Ali Moinuddin; Ekram Khan; Mohammed Ghanbari

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Flexible isosurfaces: Simplifying and displaying scalar topology using the contour tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contour tree is an abstraction of a scalar field that encodes the nesting relationships of isosurfaces. We show how to use the contour tree to represent individual contours of a scalar field, how to simplify both the contour tree and the topology ... Keywords: Contour trees, Isosurfaces, Morse theory, Visualization

Hamish Carr; Jack Snoeyink; Michiel van de Panne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Development and Persistence of `Static' or `Dead' Zones in Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop on Mathematical Problems in Industry June 15­19, 2009 University of Delaware #12;Abbott et al. 1 Section 1: Introduction Certain ceramic products are formed through extrusion processes, where a slurry

Edwards, David A.

434

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and radiation in a multiphase, multicomponent, porous mediumin modeling multiphase flow in porous and fractured media,phase and multiphase non-Darcy flow in porous and fractured

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~FY2009 1. Field Investigation Conduct field investigationsinformation and conduct surface geologic investigation andat the detailed investigation stage. Conduct comprehensive

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

used for retail purposes and no state local government matching payment shall be made for project costs. Certification that all projects described within the related project plan...

437

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling fluid and heat flow in fractured porous media, Soc.fluid flow, multicomponent transport, and heat transfer in porous and fractured media,fluid flow, solute transport, and heat transfer occur in porous and fractured media.

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pathways in the Monterey Formation, California: Americanalong faults in the Monterey Formation, coastal California.

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Developing a Highly Efficient Multi-use Special Economic Zone...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Group Electrochemical Technologies Group Grid Integration Group Laser Technologies Group Communications Office Awards Fellowship Eligibility and Selection How...

440

Local Option - Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eligible property includes either wind, geothermal, solar, biomass, or other unconventional forms of electricity generation, or systems that produce, distribute or store...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

113, 51-68. Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co. ,SEPM, 52 p. Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co. ,Disposal of Canadas Nuclear Fuel Waste. AECL -10711, COG-

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport, and heat transfer processes in porous media.transport, and heat transfer, we assume that these processesprocesses, as described by Equation (4) or (8), as well as heat transfer,

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

London) Special Publication 148, p. 117-134. Flint, A.L. ,Flint, L.E. , Bodvarsson, G.S. , Kwicklis, E.M. , andVol. 32, No. 9, 825-828, 2004b. Flint, A.L. , Flint, L.E. ,

Karasaki, Kenzi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Changes related to "Baoding High Tech Industry Development Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Wiki Browse Latinoamrica Buildings Clean Energy Economy Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network Geothermal Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy...

445

Development of Characterization Technology for Fault Zone Hydrology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conducted using electrical resistivity survey and seismicWF3 WF2 WF1 TR1 Electrical Resistivity Seismic Reflectionat depth. Four electrical resistivity surveys and three

Karasaki, Kenzi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Regional coherence project - Potential wind power plant development zone.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This document presents a methodology to highlight the location on which the wind turbines could be implemented. This study was performed in the framework of (more)

Bellut, Romain

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones in Western States May 28, 2008 - 1:58pm Addthis The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin Kolevar today announced the Department's plans to contribute up to $2.3 million over three years, subject to annual appropriations, to identify areas in the Western United States with vast renewable energy resources, and expedite the development and delivery of those resources to meet regional energy needs. The

448

Environmental enchancement using short-rotation tree crops: research results and directions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Short-rotation woody crops (SRWC) and perennial grasses used as biomass feedstocks for energy and fiber can provide multiple economic and environmental benefits. Site-specific environmental studies are providing information needed to help evaluate the economic and environmental impacts of biomass production at both local and regional scales. Erosion and chemical movement from an annual row crop, switchgrass, and tree crop with and without a groundcover are being compared in the Southeast. Studies of SRWC productivity on the South Carolina coastal plain are comparing surface and subsurface movement of chemicals applied under different fertilization and irrigation regimes, and addressing use of mill and agricultural residues to enhance crop production. Results are helping to assess the effects of biomass crops produced on different principal soil types and to match tree species with appropriate sites to maximize productivity and minimize environmental impacts. Studies are comparing wildlife use of biomass crops to row crops, grasslands, and natural forests. Results to date show that SRWCs support greater bird diversity than row crops, but less than natural forests; switchgrass plantings extend habitat for grasslands birds. Collaboration with an industrial partner on diverse SRWC plantings in the Southeast is addressing the relationship between plantings of different acreage, age, tree species, and landscape context and breeding bird use. Information from wildlife diversity, water, and soil quality studies can be used by the Biofuels Feedstock Development Program (BFDP), researchers, producers, and industry to identify management strategies to maintain productivity While enhancing the environment.

Tolbert, V.R.; Schiller, A.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Evolution of the Sorong fault zone, northeast Indonesia  

SciTech Connect

The Sorong fault zone (SFZ) of northeast Indonesia is a broad zone of inferred left-lateral shear at the triple junction of the Indo-Australian, Eurasian, and Pacific plates. It is widely believed that fragments of the northern Australian continental margin in New Guinea are being detached and translated westward in this shear zone until they collide with the eastern margin of Eurasia (Sundaland) in the region of Sulawesi Island. However, the details of terrane translation, amalgamation, and docking remain poorly documented. In particular, the timing of events is very poorly constrained, with estimates for the commencement of the SFZ ranging from early Miocene or older to Pleistocene. Recent investigations of the SFZ and the adjacent regions of Sulawesi and Irian Jaya (Indonesian New Guinea), including new fieldwork in several of the SFZ island-terranes (Waigeo, Halmahera, Bacon, Obi, and Sula), suggest a less mobilist interpretation of the region than previous reconstructions. In general, the closest interisland geological correlations are between the geographically closest islands. This would seem to favor rather conservative reconstructions, and a new interpretation of the region based on this tenet is proposed. Although arc-continent collision commented in New Guinea during the mid-Oligocene and only slightly later in Sulaswesi, the SFZ did not begin to develop in its present form before the late Miocene.

Charlton, T.R.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Simulation of heat transfer in the unsaturated zone  

SciTech Connect

Heat transfer can play an important role in fluid flow near the emplacement site of high-level nuclear waste. The effects on far- field flow can be important in understanding net moisture fluxes above the repository zone. The convection in the unsaturated zone at the Yucca Mountain site was responsible for this movement. If this is so, then the convection could provide a mechanism for drying the rock above the repository zone and thus provide a buffer for heavy rainfall events. In addition, the convection would increase the movement of gaseous radionuclides such as {sup 14}CO{sub 2}, tritiated water vapor, and {sup 129}I (Weeks, 1987). Because of the complexity of the problem, numerical models were required to calculate gas flow and vapor transport at the site. Kipp previously modeled this problem using the code HST3D. This code represents the flow of a single-phase fluid with both heat- and mass-transfer effects included. Water density and partial pressure effects are accounted for by the virtual temperature method. In this paper, the problem was simulated using the code FEHMN, a finite-element heat- and mass-transfer code being developed for the Yucca Mountain Project. The work described in this paper was done in preparation of the upcoming problem to be formulated for the Performance Assessment Calculation Exercise. 5 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Zyvoloski, G.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Transport of Bottom Water in the Romanche Fracture Zone and the Chain Fracture Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two moored arrays deployed in the Romanche Fracture Zone and Chain Fracture Zone in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean provide two-year-long time series of current and temperature in the Lower North Atlantic Deep Water and the Antarctic Bottom Water. ...

Herl Mercier; Kevin G. Speer

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Earthquake Patterns in Diverse Tectonic Zones of the Globe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast ridge. * western Aleutians orogen: (4) Trench. * geographic name like Aleutian; instead, each zone has a

Kagan, Y. Y.; Bird, P.; Jackson, D. D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal

454

Zoned electrical heater arranged in spaced relationship from particulate filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system comprises a particulate matter (PM) filter that comprises an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Institutional Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Oklahoma Department of Commerce Opportunity and Enterprise Zones provide enhanced financial incentives for businesses located in such zones aimed at stimulating economic expansion in rural and disadvantaged communities Opportunity Zones are those census

456

Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report In June 2006, the Western Governors'Association published "Clean Energy, a Strong Economy and a Healthy Environment,"a report from the Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Committee.3 This report explained that while vast renewable resources exist throughout the West,many reside in remote areas without ready or cost effective access to transmission. Lack of cost effective transmission access was, and remains, the greatest impediment to the rapid development of utility-scale, renewable-rich resource areas. Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report More Documents & Publications Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

457

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Details Activities (5) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. The areas studied were: (1) Salton Trough, (2) The Geysers-Clear Lake, (3) Long Valley caldera, (4) Coso volcanic field, and (5) Medicine Lake volcano, all located in California and all selected on the basis of recent volcanic activity and published indications of crustal melt zones. 23 figs.

458

Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report In June 2006, the Western Governors'Association published "Clean Energy, a Strong Economy and a Healthy Environment,"a report from the Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Committee.3 This report explained that while vast renewable resources exist throughout the West,many reside in remote areas without ready or cost effective access to transmission. Lack of cost effective transmission access was, and remains, the greatest impediment to the rapid development of utility-scale, renewable-rich resource areas. Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report More Documents & Publications EIS-0413: Final Environmental Impact Statement Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

459

Solar envelope zoning: application to the city planning process. Los Angeles case study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar envelope zoning represents a promising approach to solar access protection. A solar envelope defines the volume within which a building will not shade adjacent lots or buildings. Other solar access protection techniques, such as privately negotiated easements, continue to be tested and implemented but none offer the degree of comprehensiveness evident in this approach. Here, the City of Los Angeles, through the Mayor's Energy Office, the City Planning Department, and the City Attorney's Office, examine the feasibility of translating the concept of solar envelopes into zoning techniques. They concluded that envelope zoning is a fair and consistent method of guaranteeing solar access, but problems of complexity and uncertainty may limit its usefulness. Envelope zoning may be inappropriate for the development of high density centers and for more restrictive community plans. Aids or tools to administer envelope zoning need to be developed. Finally, some combination of approaches, including publicly recorded easements, subdivision approval and envelope zoning, need to be adopted to encourage solar use in cities. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Dawn of a new era for Richfield zone  

SciTech Connect

Production from the Richfield interval of Michigan's geologic column began in 1971 when Sun Oil Company drilled the No. 1 Bauman wildcat, SW NE section 29-24N-1W, Ausable (then Richfield) Township, Roscommon County. Originally programmed as a test of the Dundee (Michigan's then-primary producing zone), the well was dry; deepening to the Sylvania sand commenced. Completion included an acid stimulation treatment resulting in a well flowing 150 bopd from the lower sections of the Detroit River rock group of Devonian age. Subsequent development of the field through 1979 resulted in drilling 18 wells.

Bolton, D.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the woodterpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Bayesian Inference in Monte-Carlo Tree Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monte-Carlo Tree Search (MCTS) methods are drawing great interest after yielding breakthrough results in computer Go. This paper proposes a Bayesian approach to MCTS that is inspired by distributionfree approaches such as UCT [13], yet significantly differs in important respects. The Bayesian framework allows potentially much more accurate (Bayes-optimal) estimation of node values and node uncertainties from a limited number of simulation trials. We further propose propagating inference in the tree via fast analytic Gaussian approximation methods: this can make the overhead of Bayesian inference manageable in domains such as Go, while preserving high accuracy of expected-value estimates. We find substantial empirical outperformance of UCT in an idealized bandit-tree test environment, where we can obtain valuable insights by comparing with known ground truth. Additionally we rigorously prove on-policy and off-policy convergence of the proposed methods.

Tesauro, Gerald; Segal, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

GENETIC MODIFICATION OF GIBBERELLIC ACID SIGNALING TO PROMOTE CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN TREE ROOTS AND STEMS  

SciTech Connect

Semidwarfism has been used extensively in row crops and horticulture to promote yield, reduce lodging, and improve harvest index, and it might have similar benefits for trees for short-rotation forestry or energy plantations, reclamation, phytoremediation, or other applications. We studied the effects of the dominant semidwarfism transgenes GA Insensitive (GAI) and Repressor of GAI-Like, which affect gibberellin (GA) action, and the GA catabolic gene, GA 2-oxidase, in nursery beds and in 2-year-old high-density stands of hybrid poplar (Populus tremula ? Populus alba). Twenty-nine traits were analyzed, including measures of growth, morphology, and physiology. Endogenous GA levels were modified in most transgenic events; GA(20) and GA(8), in particular, had strong inverse associations with tree height. Nearly all measured traits varied significantly among genotypes, and several traits interacted with planting density, including aboveground biomass, root-shoot ratio, root fraction, branch angle, and crown depth. Semidwarfism promoted biomass allocation to roots over shoots and substantially increased rooting efficiency with most genes tested. The increased root proportion and increased leaf chlorophyll levels were associated with changes in leaf carbon isotope discrimination, indicating altered water use efficiency. Semidwarf trees had dramatically reduced growth when in direct competition with wild-type trees, supporting the hypothesis that semidwarfism genes could be effective tools to mitigate the spread of exotic, hybrid, and transgenic plants in wild and feral populations. We modified gibberellin (GA) metabolism and signaling in transgenic poplars using dominant transgenes and studied their effects for 3 years under field conditions. The transgenes that we employed either reduced the bioactive GAs, or attenuated their signaling. The majority of transgenic trees had significant and in many cases dramatic changes in height, crown architecture, foliage morphology, flowering onset, floral structure, and vegetative phenology. Most transgenes elicited various levels of height reduction consistent with the roles of GA in elongation growth. Several other growth traits were proportionally reduced, including branch length, internode distance, and leaf length. In contrast to elongation growth, stem diameter growth was much less affected, suggesting that semi-dwarf trees in dense stands might provide high levels of biomass production and carbon sequestration. The severity of phenotypic effects was strongly correlated with transgene expression among independent transgenic events, but often in a non-linear manner, the form of which varied widely among constructs. The majority of semi-dwarfed, transgenic plants showed delayed bud flush and early bud set, and expression of a native GAI transgene accelerated first time flowering in the field. All of the phenotypic changes observed in multiple years were stable over the 3 years of field study. Our results suggest that transgenic modification of GA action may be useful for producing semi-dwarf trees with modified growth and morphology for horticulture and other uses. We studied the poplar C(19) gibberellin 2-oxidase (GA2ox) gene subfamily. We show that a set of paralogous gene pairs differentially regulate shoot and root development. ? PtGA2ox4 and its paralogous gene PtGA2ox5 are primarily expressed in aerial organs, and overexpression of PtGA2ox5 produced a strong dwarfing phenotype characteristic of GA deficiency. Suppression of PtGA2ox4 and PtGA2ox5 led to increased biomass growth, but had no effect on root development. By contrast, the PtGA2ox2 and PtGA2ox7 paralogous pair was predominantly expressed in roots, and when these two genes were RNAi-suppressed it led to a decrease of root biomass. ? The morphological changes in the transgenic plants were underpinned by tissue-specific increases in bioactive GAs that corresponded to the predominant native expression of the targeted paralogous gene pair. Although RNAi suppression of both paralogous pairs led to changes in wood developmen

Busov, Victor

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

464

Origin of the South Pacific Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of the presence of South America and Australia to the existence and orientation of the South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ) during January is explored using the ECMWF T21 model. Each of the continents is removed from the model and ...

George N. Kiladis; Hans von Storch; Harryvan Loon

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Injectivity Testing for Vapour Dominated Feed Zones  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wells with vapor dominated feed zones yield abnormal pressure data. This is caused by the condensation of vapor during water injection. A revised injectivity test procedure currently applied by PNOC at the Leyte Geothermal Power Project has improved the injectivity test results.

Clotworthy, A.W.; Hingoyon, C.S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Mixing in the Romanche Fracture Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Romanche Fracture Zone is a major gap in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the equator, which is deep enough to allow significant eastward flows of Antarctic Bottom Water from the Brazil Basin to the Sierra Leone and Guinea Abyssal Plains. While ...

Bruno Ferron; Herl Mercier; Kevin Speer; Ann Gargett; Kurt Polzin

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

A Tree Swaying in a Turbulent Wind: A Scaling Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A tentative scaling theory is presented of a tree swaying in a turbulent wind. It is argued that the turbulence of the air within the crown is in the inertial regime, An eddy causes a dynamic bending response of the branches according to a time criterion. The resulting expression for the penetration depth of the wind yields an exponent which is in agreement with that pertaining to the morphology of the tree branches. An energy criterion shows that the dynamics of the branches is basically passive. The possibility of hydrodynamic screening by the leaves is discussed.

Theo Odijk

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

468

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments The Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative has partnered with the Vadose Zone Journal to bring together a special section of the recent issue (November 2012). The section was prepared in association with the Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative-led symposium at the annual American Chemical Society meeting on "Understanding Behavior and Fate of Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments." The section consists of 12 papers which present novel approaches to characterize, monitor, remediate, and predict the transport and fate of contaminants in vadose zone environments, many of which highlight recent work at the Hanford site. Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments

469

Watermarking abstract tree-structured data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital watermarking techniques have been successfully applied in multimedia data such as image, audio, video, etc. With the rapid development of Internet, the requirement of copyright and integrity protection over semi-structured data, such as XML documents ...

Gang Chen; Ke Chen; Tianlei Hu; Jinxiang Dong

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Analyzing the flexibility of inclusionary zoning : should affordable units be built on-site or off-site?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inclusionarv zoning (IZ), a strategy first adopted by municipalities in the 1970S to create affordable housing, requires private developers of market-rate residential projects to set-aside a certain percentage of units as ...

Alonso, Rachel (Rachel Margaret)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Seasonal Cycle of Meridional Heat Transport in a Numerical Model of the Pacific Equatorial Upwelling Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonal heat transport mechanisms important in the Pacific equatorial upwelling zone are investigated using the primitive equation, reduced gravity model developed by Gent and Cane. Mechanisms of meridional heat transport are shown and ...

Esther C. Brady; Peter R. Gent

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Witness trees in the Moser-Tardos algorithmic Lovsz Local Lemma and Penrose trees in the hard core lattice gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out a close connection between the Moser-Tardos algorithmic version of the Lov\\'asz Local Lemma, a central tool in probabilistic combinatorics, and the cluster expansion of the hard core lattice gas in statistical mechanics. We show that the notion of witness trees given by Moser and Tardos is essentially coincident with that of Penrose trees in the Cluster expansion scheme of the hard core gas. Such an identification implies that the Moser Tardos algorithm is successful in a polynomial time if the Cluster expansion converges.

Rogrio Gomes Alves; Aldo Procacci

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

473

Simplified containment event tree analysis for the Sequoyah Ice Condenser containment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) ice condenser containment was performed. In this evaluation, simplified containment event trees (SCETs) were developed that utilized the vast storehouse of information generated by the NRC's Draft NUREG-1150 effort. Specifically, the computer programs and data files produced by the NUREG-1150 analysis of Sequoyah were used to electronically generate SCETs, as opposed to the NUREG-1150 accident progression event trees (APETs). This simplification was performed to allow graphic depiction of the SCETs in typical event tree format, which facilitates their understanding and use. SCETs were developed for five of the seven plant damage state groups (PDSGs) identified by the NUREG-1150 analyses, which includes: both short- and long-term station blackout sequences (SBOs), transients, loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs), and anticipated transient without scram (ATWS). Steam generator tube rupture (SGTR) and event-V PDSGs were not analyzed because of their containment bypass nature. After being benchmarked with the APETs, in terms of containment failure mode and risk, the SCETs were used to evaluate a number of potential containment modifications. The modifications were examined for their potential to mitigate or prevent containment failure from hydrogen burns or direct impingement on the containment by the core, (both factors identified as significant contributors to risk in the NUREG-1150 Sequoyah analysis). However, because of the relatively low baseline risk postulated for Sequoyah (i.e., 12 person-rems per reactor year), none of the potential modifications appear to be cost effective. 15 refs., 10 figs. , 17 tabs.

Galyean, W.J.; Schroeder, J.A.; Pafford, D.J. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Colloid Facilitated Transport of Radioactive Cations in the Vadose Zone: Field Experiments Oak Ridge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overarching goal of this study was to improve understanding of colloid-facilitated transport of radioactive cations through unsaturated soils and sediments. We conducted a suite of laboratory experiments and field experiments on the vadose-zone transport of colloids, organic matter, and associated contaminants of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The laboratory and field experiments, together with transport modeling, were designed to accomplish the following detailed objectives: 1. Evaluation of the relative importance of inorganic colloids and organic matter to the facilitation of radioactive cation transport in the vadose zone; 2. Assessment of the role of adsorption and desorption kinetics in the facilitated transport of radioactive cations in the vadose zone; 3. Examination of the effects of rainfall and infiltration dynamics and in the facilitated transport of radioactive cations through the vadose zone; 4. Exploration of the role of soil heterogeneity and preferential flow paths (e.g., macropores) on the facilitated transport of radioactive cations in the vadose zone; 5. Development of a mathematical model of facilitated transport of contaminants in the vadose zone that accurately incorporates pore-scale and column-scale processes with the practicality of predicting transport with readily available parameters.

James E. Saiers

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

475

Oil price, mean reversion and zone readjustments  

SciTech Connect

Observing OPEC`s short-term price-output ceiling behavior during the late 1980s and 1990s, one can conclude that it attempts to stabilize the market price within a range of its announced target price by controlling the output ceiling. If the price moves within four to five dollars below the target price, it usually reduces the output ceiling and assigns new quotas to its member countries to keep the price close to the target price. In reality, OPEC established a band for the market price positioned round the target price by basically choosing suitable upper and lower limits for the output or, at least in soft markets, it places tolerance zone below the target price in order to restrict the discrepancy between the market price and the target price. The lower limit is particularly needed because it sets a price floor and ensures that the market price stays above the significantly lower marginal cost of oil production. If the limits of these zones are backed by a perfectly credible intervention policy, they can generate an expectations process that should turn the market prices around even before any intervention takes place. While OPEC in some sense observes the target zones for its prices, those zones are neither well defined nor vigorously defended. It can not always or may not be willing to maintain the price within the limits of the desired zone by cutting the output ceiling; it must sometimes readjust the target price and output ceiling, and thus create a new target zone to reflect the market`s new fundamentals. This is particularly true now because OPEC is losing market share to the other oil producers and is contemplating to shift the current band. Actual readjustments in the target price can be so large, as in 1980 and 1985, that the newmarket price must jump as well. They can occur when both the market price is near the limits of the band as well as when it is inside the band but still further away from those limits.

Hammoudeh, S. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Bounds on tracking error using closed-loop rapidly-exploring random trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the real-time motion planning problem for autonomous systems subject to complex dynamics, constraints, and uncertainty. Rapidly-exploring random trees (RRT) can be used to efficiently construct trees ...

Luders, Brandon Douglas

477

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty OilsChapter 3 Tree Nut Oils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty Oils Chapter 3 Tree Nut Oils Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Tree Nut Oils from the boo

478

Herbivory tolerance and compensatory differences in native and invasive ecotypes of Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum) William E. Rogers1,2, * and Evan Siemann1 1 Department of Ecology studies with Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum), a problematic invader in the southeastern United

Siemann, Evan

479

Genetic differences in growth of an invasive tree Evan Siemann and William E.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the Chinese Tallow Tree (Sapium sebiferum) from its native range (Asia), place of introduction to North of increased competitive ability, Sapium sebiferum, Chinese Tallow Tree, trade- off, invasion, plant growth

Siemann, Evan

480

Constraints on the utilisation of the invasive Chinese tallow tree Sapium sebiferum by generalist native  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constraints on the utilisation of the invasive Chinese tallow tree Sapium sebiferum by generalist prairie vegetation and a seedling of either introduced Sapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) or native

Siemann, Evan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tree development zones" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A Parallel Processing Technique for Electrical Tree Growth in Solid Insulating Materials Using Cellular Automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major problems in electrical insulation structure is its failure while operating at normal voltage stress, which is due to electrical treeing. It is well known that this electrical tree grows progressively and damaging locally. To analyze ...

D. Antony Louis Piriyakumar; Paul Levi; R. Jayaganthan; R. Sarathi

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Spatial Patterns of Tree-Growth Anomalies in the United States and Southeastern Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A network of 248 tree-ring chronologies in the conterminous United States is assembled and analyzed by rotated principal components analysis (RPCA) to delineate regions of common tree-growth variation during the period 17051979. Spatial ...

David Meko; Edward R. Cook; David W. Stahle; Charles W. Stockton; Malcolm K. Hughes

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Using MoneyTree To Represent Financial Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ambient information visualization normally does not reside on the screen of a desktop computer, but exists in the general environment, in the periphery of the user's attention. The aim is not only to provide useful information, but also to blend in with ... Keywords: Ambient information visualization, financial data, tree

Xiaobin Shen; Peter Eades

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin satisfaction problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [11, 18]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

Krokhin, Andrei

485

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [10, 14]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

Krokhin, Andrei

486

Identifying incompatible service implementations using pooled decision trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study fault localization techniques for identification of incompatible configurations and implementations in service-based applications (SBAs). Practice has shown that standardized interfaces alone do not guarantee compatibility of services originating ... Keywords: dependability, fault localization, pooled decision trees, service-oriented architecture

Christian Inzinger; Waldemar Hummer; Benjamin Satzger; Philipp Leitner; Schahram Dustdar

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A faster distributed protocol for constructing a minimum spanning tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the problem of constructing a minimum-weight spanning tree (MST) in a distributed network. This is one of the most important problems in the area of distributed computing. There is a long line of gradually improving protocols ...

Michael Elkin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

On the structure of elimination trees for Bayesian network inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an optimization to elimination tree inference in Bayesian networks through the use of unlabeled nodes, or nodes that are not labeled with a variable from the Bayesian network. Through the use of these unlabeled nodes, we are able to restructure ... Keywords: Bayesian networks, inference, offline computation

Kevin Grant; Keilan Scholten

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES Short description of timber energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES 6 Short description of timber energy · Along with hydro-electric power, wood is Switzerland's most important energy source. · Wood is CO2-neutral: in sustainably managed, a balance is maintained between growth and combustion). · Wood energy represents a welcome potential use

490

RIS-M-2326 FAULT TREE AND CAUSE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and control, nuclear reactor safety systems and aircraft landing systems. For systems of failure in operations. For example a nuclear reactor shutdown system should fail at a rate which Abstract. A theory underlying application of automatic fault tree analysis to computer programs

491

An Aggregation Tree Constructing Algorithm Based on Energy Consumption Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper first gives an analysis of Data Aggregation and Data Compression based on the energy consumption of sensor nodes, after which an approach is proposed to construct an aggregation tree in the case of non-perfect aggregation since GIT considers ...

Dayang Sun; Yanheng Liu; Aimin Wang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Identifying failure in a tree network of a parallel computer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, parallel computers, and products are provided for identifying failure in a tree network of a parallel computer. The parallel computer includes one or more processing sets including an I/O node and a plurality of compute nodes. For each processing set embodiments include selecting a set of test compute nodes, the test compute nodes being a subset of the compute nodes of the processing set; measuring the performance of the I/O node of the processing set; measuring the performance of the selected set of test compute nodes; calculating a current test value in dependence upon the measured performance of the I/O node of the processing set, the measured performance of the set of test compute nodes, and a predetermined value for I/O node performance; and comparing the current test value with a predetermined tree performance threshold. If the current test value is below the predetermined tree performance threshold, embodiments include selecting another set of test compute nodes. If the current test value is not below the predetermined tree performance threshold, embodiments include selecting from the test compute nodes one or more potential problem nodes and testing individually potential problem nodes and links to potential problem nodes.

Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt W. (Rochester, MN); Wallenfelt, Brian P. (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

493

A tree augmented classifier based on Extreme Imprecise Dirichlet Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present TANC, a TAN classifier (tree-augmented naive) based on imprecise probabilities. TANC models prior near-ignorance via the Extreme Imprecise Dirichlet Model (EDM). A first contribution of this paper is the experimental comparison between EDM ... Keywords: Classification, Classifier, Imprecise Dirichlet Model, Naive credal, TANC

G. Corani; C. P. de Campos

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Finding many optimal paths without growing any optimal path trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many algorithms seek to compute actual optimal paths in weighted directed graphs. The standard approach for reporting an actual optimal path is based on building a single-source optimal path tree. A technique was given in [1] for a class of problems ...

Danny Z. Chen; Ewa Misiolek

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Cooling our Communities. A Guidebook on Tree Planting and Light-Colored Surfacing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standards established pedestrian Shade trees shall be planted within five feet (5') of right-of-ways,

Akbari, H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In northern China, there are a large number of space buildings divided in inner zone and exterior zone based on usage requirements. The exterior zone needs to be heated in winter and cooled in summer, while the inner zone needs to be cooled both in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy consumption for this kind of system.

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Poplar trees could be genetically modified to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Evaluating microorganisms for production of biofuels and bioproducts - Producing inhibitor-resistant and high-product-tolerant microorganisms for biofuels production · Aerobic and heterotrophic algal process development - Studying the effect of the environment on algae growth and lipid production - Using algae residue as a feedstock

498

Climate Zone Number 5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 5 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 5 is defined as Cool- Humid(5A) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 Dry(5B) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 Marine(5C) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5 climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Missouri Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, Pennsylvania Adams County, Washington Albany County, New York Allegan County, Michigan Alleghany County, North Carolina

499

Climate Zone Number 3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number 3 Number 3 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 3 is defined as Warm - Humid(3A) with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 Dry(3B) with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 Warm - Marine(3C) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3 climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Mississippi Aiken County, South Carolina Alameda County, California Alcorn County, Mississippi Alfalfa County, Oklahoma Allendale County, South Carolina Amite County, Mississippi Anderson County, South Carolina

500

Fault trees for decision making in systems analysis  

SciTech Connect

The application of fault tree analysis (FTA) to system safety and reliability is presented within the framework of system safety analysis. The concepts and techniques involved in manual and automated fault tree construction are described and their differences noted. The theory of mathematical reliability pertinent to FTA is presented with emphasis on engineering applications. An outline of the quantitative reliability techniques of the Reactor Safety Study is given. Concepts of probabilistic importance are presented within the fault tree framework and applied to the areas of system design, diagnosis and simulation. The computer code IMPORTANCE ranks basic events and cut sets according to a sensitivity analysis. A useful feature of the IMPORTANCE code is that it can accept relative failure data as input. The output of the IMPORTANCE code can assist an analyst in finding weaknesses in system design and operation, suggest the most optimal course of system upgrade, and determine the optimal location of sensors within a system. A general simulation model of system failure in terms of fault tree logic is described. The model is intended for efficient diagnosis of the causes of system failure in the event of a system breakdown. It can also be used to assist an operator in making decisions under a time constraint regarding the future course of operations. The model is well suited for computer implementation. New results incorporated in the simulation model include an algorithm to generate repair checklists on the basis of fault tree logic and a one-step-ahead optimization procedure that minimizes the expected time to diagnose system failure. (80 figures, 20 tables) (auth)

Lambert, H.E.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z