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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Dataset Summary Description This dataset shows the average interest rates for U.S Treasury securities for the most recent month compared with the same month of the previous year. The data is broken down by the various marketable and non-marketable securities. The summary page for the data provides links for monthly reports from 2001 through the current year. Average Interest Rates are calculated on the total unmatured interest-bearing debt. The average interest rates for total marketable, total non-marketable and total interest-bearing debt do not include the U.S. Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.

2

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides a summary of the June 2012 U.S. Department of Treasury clarification of what constitutes a qualified project for potential issuers of qualified energy conservation bond capacity. Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

3

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) is a bond that enables qualified state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money at attractive rates to fund energy conservation projects (it is important to note that QECBs are not grants). A QECB is among the lowest-cost public financing tools because the U.S. Department of the Treasury subsidizes the issuer's borrowing costs.

4

Effect of nuclear ownership on utility bond ratings and yields  

SciTech Connect

The major objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that investors have required an additional interest rate premium before purchasing bonds of utilities with large investments in nuclear facilities. The study required several tasks. First, the literature relating to firm bankruptcy and default was reviewed. Second, the failing financial health of the electric utility industry was assessed in terms of construction problems, the impact of federal and state regulations, and the impact of Three Mile Island. Finally, data were collected on 63 electric utilities. This allowed statistical estimation of the magnitude of the risk premium associated with utility involvement in nuclear power. The effect of this involvement on a utility's bond ratings was also examined. Multiple regression was the statistical tool used for the statistical testing and estimation.

Nesse, R.J.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2012 8, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized bonds that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of energy conservation projects at very attractive borrowing rates over long contract terms. In June 2012, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published a notice to clarify what constitutes a qualified project for potential issuers of the approximately $2.5 billion of remaining QECB issuance capacity. The guidance addresses two qualified uses of QECB proceeds-how issuers should measure energy use reductions in publicly-owned buildings and what constitutes a green community program.

6

Historical Interest Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current and Historical Interest Rates Current and Historical Interest Rates The table lists interest rates, from the project's inception through the present, for all projects with repayment supervised by the CRSP MC. The latest available interest rate is used for all future interest rate calculations. The Amistad-Falcon, Collbran, Provo River, and Rio Grande Projects are all assigned the average daily "Yield Rate" calculated by the U.S. Treasury, on an annual basis, for Treasury bonds having terms of 15 years or more remaining to maturity. The calculated yield rate is rounded to the nearest one-eighth of one percent. The yield rate is based upon the bond's interest rate, as well as its market value. The Colorado River Storage Project and its participating projects, Dolores and Seedskadee, are assigned the average daily "Coupon Rate," annualized for the same U.S. Treasury bonds used in "Yield Rate" calculations. The coupon rate is the interest rate that the bond carries upon its face.

7

The US treasury market in August 1998: untangling the effects of Hong Kong and Russia with high frequency data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Russia announced its default on sovereign bonds. This paper demonstrates that the HKMA interventions had a substantial impact on the outcomes for US Treasury markets during this period. Using a careful analysis of high frequency bond market data, both...

Dungey, Mardi; Goodheart, Charles; Tambakis, Demosthenes N

8

Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects July 31, 2009 -...

9

Cojumping: Evidence from the US Treasury Bond and Futures Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

asset is particularly important in managing hedging positions; Stein (1961), Lien and Tse (2002) and recently Lee (2010). Prices in both contracts are known to move with news for many dierent asset types, and more recently, evidence from high frequency... in the futures again higher than that in the spot returns. 4 Empirical tests 4.1 Univariate test The appropriate sample period to search for jumps is taken to be one trading day. The ?lter for days where individual series jump is the BNS univariate jump test...

Dungey, Mardi; Hvozdyk, Lyudmyla

10

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for Renewable Energy Projects Treasury, Energy Announce More Than 3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for Renewable Energy Projects July 9, 2009 -...

11

Energy Secretary and Secretary of the Treasury Announce the Award...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Secretary of the Treasury Announce the Award of 1 Billion in Tax Credits to Promote Clean Coal Power Generation and Gasification Technologies Energy Secretary and Secretary of the...

12

C:\PERFORM\TREASURY\S3881.FRP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACH VENDOR/MISCELLANEOUS PAYMENT ACH VENDOR/MISCELLANEOUS PAYMENT ENROLLMENT FORM OMB No. 1510-0056 This form is used for Automated Clearing House (ACH) payments with an addendum record that contains payment-related information processed through the Vendor Express Program. Recipients of these payments should bring this information to the attention of their financial institution when presenting this form for completion. See reverse for additional instructions. The following information is provided to comply with the Privacy Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-579). All information collected on this form is required under the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3322 and 31 CFR 210. This information will be used by the Treasury Department to transmit payment data, by electronic means to vendor's financial institution. Failure to provide the requested information may

13

Power Rate Cases (pbl/rates)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Choices (2003-06) Power Function Review (PFR) Firstgov Power Rate Cases BPA's wholesale power rates are set to recover its costs and repay the U.S. Treasury for the Federal...

14

Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid Investment Grants Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid Investment Grants March 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Treasury and the Department of Energy announced today new guidance on the tax treatment for grantees receiving Recovery Act funding under the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program. Under the guidance released today, the Internal Revenue Service is providing a safe harbor under section 118(a) of the Internal Revenue Code for corporations receiving funding under the program. With the determination that Smart Grid Investment Grants to corporations are non-taxable, corporate utilities will be able to launch their

15

Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects July 31, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - With the goal of expanding development of renewable energy projects throughout the United States and creating new jobs, the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of the Treasury today announced they are now accepting applications for a program that will make direct payments in lieu of tax credits to companies that create and place in service renewable energy facilities. The two Departments estimate distributing at least $3 billion in financial support to approximately 5,000 bio-mass, solar, wind, and other types of renewable energy production

16

Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit Applications for 2007-2008 Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit Applications for 2007-2008 June 7, 2007 - 1:40pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Treasury Department and the Department of Energy (DOE) released today new instructions for applying for the tax credits for advanced coal projects and gasification projects. The new instructions provide additional time to submit applications for the credits. For the 2007-2008 allocation round, applications for DOE certification are not due to the Energy Department until October 31, 2007. "To further advance our nation's energy security, this Administration had made sustained investments in research, development, and wider use of

17

Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax Credits for Clean Energy Manufacturers Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax Credits for Clean Energy Manufacturers February 7, 2013 - 11:00am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of President's Obama's all-of-the-above approach to American energy, the U.S. Departments of Energy and the Treasury today announced the availability of $150 million in Advanced Energy Manufacturing Tax Credits for clean energy and energy efficiency manufacturing projects across the United States. This important tax program is focused on strengthening America's global competitiveness in clean energy manufacturing, increasing our energy security and creating new jobs and

18

Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit Applications for 2007-2008 Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit Applications for 2007-2008 June 7, 2007 - 1:40pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Treasury Department and the Department of Energy (DOE) released today new instructions for applying for the tax credits for advanced coal projects and gasification projects. The new instructions provide additional time to submit applications for the credits. For the 2007-2008 allocation round, applications for DOE certification are not due to the Energy Department until October 31, 2007. "To further advance our nation's energy security, this Administration had made sustained investments in research, development, and wider use of

19

Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax Credits for Clean Energy Manufacturers Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax Credits for Clean Energy Manufacturers February 7, 2013 - 11:00am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of President's Obama's all-of-the-above approach to American energy, the U.S. Departments of Energy and the Treasury today announced the availability of $150 million in Advanced Energy Manufacturing Tax Credits for clean energy and energy efficiency manufacturing projects across the United States. This important tax program is focused on strengthening America's global competitiveness in clean energy manufacturing, increasing our energy security and creating new jobs and

20

Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects July 31, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - With the goal of expanding development of renewable energy projects throughout the United States and creating new jobs, the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of the Treasury today announced they are now accepting applications for a program that will make direct payments in lieu of tax credits to companies that create and place in service renewable energy facilities. The two Departments estimate distributing at least $3 billion in financial support to approximately 5,000 bio-mass, solar, wind, and other types of renewable energy production

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid Investment Grants Treasury, Energy Announce Guidance for Tax Treatment of Smart Grid Investment Grants March 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Treasury and the Department of Energy announced today new guidance on the tax treatment for grantees receiving Recovery Act funding under the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program. Under the guidance released today, the Internal Revenue Service is providing a safe harbor under section 118(a) of the Internal Revenue Code for corporations receiving funding under the program. With the determination that Smart Grid Investment Grants to corporations are non-taxable, corporate utilities will be able to launch their

22

TREASURY CHANGES R&D TAX CREDIT RULES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THE DEPARTMENT OF THE Treasury is proposing new 1RS regulations on the research and development tax credit. The previous regulations, which would have made it somewhat harder for companies to justify the R&D tax credit, were among the "midnight ...

DAVID HANSON

2001-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Preliminary Evaluation of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program for Renewable Power Projects in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Impact of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program onEvaluation of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program CieloEvaluation of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program

Bolinger, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

NETL: News Release -Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 2007 7, 2007 Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project Tax Credit Applications for 2007-2008 WASHINGTON, DC - The Treasury Department and the Department of Energy (DOE) released today new instructions for applying for the tax credits for advanced coal projects and gasification projects. The new instructions provide additional time to submit applications for the credits. For the 2007-2008 allocation round, applications for DOE certification are not due to the Energy Department until October 31, 2007. "To further advance our nation's energy security, this Administration had made sustained investments in research, development, and wider use of advanced coal technologies a priority," Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell said. "Through new and innovative programs such as the Clean Coal Power Initiative and FutureGen demonstration, private sector partnerships, and use of tax credits and loan guarantees, the Department of Energy is advancing research to further develop and deploy advanced coal technologies to meet growing energy demand."

25

Microsoft Word - xx 13 Treasury Payment Oct 2013 Final Oct 4...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and services. BPA receives no annual appropriations from the U.S. Congress. To safeguard the Treasury and American taxpayers, BPA requires in its ratemaking process more...

26

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for Renewable Energy Projects Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for Renewable Energy Projects July 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - As part of an innovative partnership aimed at increasing economic development in urban and rural areas while setting our nation on the path to energy independence, the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the U.S. Department of Energy today announced an estimated $3 billion for the development of renewable energy projects around the country and made available the guidance businesses will need to submit a successful application. Funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act), the program will provide direct payments in lieu of tax

27

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for Renewable Energy Projects Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $3 Billion in Recovery Act Funds for Renewable Energy Projects July 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - As part of an innovative partnership aimed at increasing economic development in urban and rural areas while setting our nation on the path to energy independence, the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the U.S. Department of Energy today announced an estimated $3 billion for the development of renewable energy projects around the country and made available the guidance businesses will need to submit a successful application. Funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act), the program will provide direct payments in lieu of tax

28

Energy Secretary and Secretary of the Treasury Announce the Award of $1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary and Secretary of the Treasury Announce the Award Secretary and Secretary of the Treasury Announce the Award of $1 Billion in Tax Credits to Promote Clean Coal Power Generation and Gasification Technologies Energy Secretary and Secretary of the Treasury Announce the Award of $1 Billion in Tax Credits to Promote Clean Coal Power Generation and Gasification Technologies October 30, 2006 - 9:34am Addthis First Round of Credits Will Help Spur Rapid Deployment of Gasification Technologies WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of the Treasury Henry Paulson today announced the awarding of $1 billion in federal tax incentives to nine companies to bring about rapid deployment of advanced coal-based power generation and gasification technologies. The technological improvements will bring us closer to the

29

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $2 Billion in Recovery Act Tax Credits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $2 Billion in Recovery Act Tax Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $2 Billion in Recovery Act Tax Credits for Energy Manufacturers Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $2 Billion in Recovery Act Tax Credits for Energy Manufacturers August 13, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - As part of an innovative partnership aimed at increasing economic development while setting our nation on the path to energy independence, the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the U.S. Department of Energy today announced a program to award $2.3 billion in tax credits for manufacturers of advanced energy equipment. Authorized by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act), this new program will provide tax credits to manufacturers who produce clean energy equipment. "This program will help encourage innovation in design of clean energy

30

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning & Projects Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates You are here: SN Home page > Power Marketing > RATES Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current Rates Power Revenue Requirement Worksheet (FY 2014) (Oct 2013 - Sep 2014) (PDF - 30K) PRR Notification Letter (Sep 27, 2013) (PDF - 959K) FY 2012 FP% True-Up Calculations(PDF - 387K) Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) PRR Forecast FY14-FY17 (May 23, 2013) (PDF - 100K) Forecasted Transmission Rates (May 2013) (PDF - 164K) Past Rates 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Historical CVP Transmission Rates (April 2013) (PDF - 287K) Rate Schedules Power - CV-F13 - CPP-2 Transmission - CV-T3 - CV-NWT5 - PACI-T3 - COTP-T3 - CV-TPT7 - CV-UUP1 Ancillary - CV-RFS4 - CV-SPR4 - CV-SUR4 - CV-EID4 - CV-GID1 Federal Register Notices - CVP, COTP and PACI

31

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing > RATES Marketing > RATES RATES Current Rates Past Rates 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rates Schedules Power CV-F13 CPP-2 Transmissions CV-T3 CV-NWT5 PACI-T3 COTP-T3 CV-TPT7 CV-UUP1 Ancillary CV-RFS4 CV-SPR4 CV-SUR4 CV-EID4 CV-GID1 Future and Other Rates SNR Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K)

32

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RATES RATES Rates Document Library SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K) Appendix D - Western Transmission System Facilities Map (PDF - 274K) Appendix E - Estimated FY12 FP and BR Customer (PDF - 1144K) Appendix F - Forecasted Replacements and Additions FY11 - FY16 (PDF - 491K) Appendix G - Definitions (PDF - 1758K) Appendix H - Acronyms (PDF - 720K)

33

Bonding Tools  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Bonds are one of the most common forms of financing used by state and local governments, because they are a low-cost source of capital available to most entities. State and local officials may consider using bonds for a variety of clean energy purposes, including...

34

Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

§1603 Treasury Grant §1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory John Harper Birch Tree Capital, LLC Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53720 June 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 §1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory John Harper Birch Tree Capital, LLC

35

Treasury, Energy Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act Awards for Clean Energy Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This morning, Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner and Energy Secretary Steven Chu hosted a group of clean energy developers and manufacturers at the White House to discuss how the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) is creating jobs and helping expand the development of clean, renewable domestic energy.

36

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To promote economic growth in tribal communities, Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published new guidance on July 18, 2012, allocating Tribal Economic Development Bonds (TEDBs). The TEDB program was established under the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act, and provides Tribes with the authority to issue tax-exempt debt for a wider range of activities to spur job creation and promote economic growth in Indian country. Providing Tribes with the ability to issue tax-exempt debt for a broader scope of activities similar to that available to states and local governments lowers

37

Treasury, Energy Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act Awards for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act Awards for Clean Energy Projects Treasury, Energy Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act Awards for Clean Energy Projects September 22, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON- This morning, Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner and Energy Secretary Steven Chu hosted a group of clean energy developers and manufacturers at the White House to discuss how the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) is creating jobs and helping expand the development of clean, renewable domestic energy. At the meeting, Secretaries Geithner and Chu announced $550 million in new awards through the Recovery Act's 1603 program, bringing the total to more than $1 billion awarded to date to companies committed to investing in domestic renewable

38

NETL: News Release - Energy and Treasury Secretaries Announce the Award of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

30, 2006 30, 2006 Energy and Treasury Secretaries Announce the Award of $1 Billion in Tax Credits to Promote Clean Coal Power Generation First Round of Credits Will Help Spur Rapid Deployment of Gasification Technologies WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of the Treasury Henry Paulson today announced the awarding of $1 billion in federal tax incentives to nine companies to bring about rapid deployment of advanced coal-based power generation and gasification technologies. The technological improvements will bring us closer to the next step in the development of near-zero emission power plants. Secretary Bodman made the announcement in remarks at the National Coal Council's Annual Fall meeting, in Washington, DC.

39

Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. Abstract: Hydrogen bond interactions in small covalent model...

40

,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

85 85 ,"Submitter Name:","David Abercrombie" ,"Submitter Contact Info:","David.Abercrombie@hq.doe.gov" ,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements" 1,89,211,"N/A","Fossil Energy Research and Development, Recovery Act",3400000000,0,0 2,89,227,"N/A","Science, Recovery Act",1600000000,0,0 3,89,237,"N/A","Office of the Inspector General, Recovery Act",15000000,0,0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78 78 ,"Submitter Name:","David Abercrombie" ,"Submitter Contact Info:","David.Abercrombie@hq.doe.gov" ,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements" 1,89,211,"N/A","Fossil Energy Research and Development, Recovery Act",3400000000 2,89,227,"N/A","Science, Recovery Act",1600000000 3,89,237,"N/A","Office of the Inspector General, Recovery Act",15000000 4,89,253,"N/A","Defense Environmental Cleanup, Recovery Act",5127000000

42

Preliminary Evaluation of the Impact of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program on Renewable Energy Deployment in 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Impact of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program on1 2. Summary of Section 1603 Grants Awarded tothe Impact of Section 1603 Grants on Large Wind Power

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Preliminary Evaluation of the Impact of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program on Renewable Energy Deployment in 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Impact of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program on1 2. Summary of Section 1603 Grants Awarded toEstimating the Impact of Section 1603 Grants on Large Wind

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Revealing the Hidden Value that the Federal Investment Tax Credit and Treasury Cash Grant Provide To Community Wind Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Federal Production Tax Credit to Build a Durable Marketthe Federal Investment Tax Credit and Treasury Cash Granteither a 30% investment tax credit (ITC) or a 30% cash grant

Bolinger, Mark A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Measurement of Desorption Rates from Octadecylsilyl Bonded-Phase HPLC Particles and Its Characterization in Terms of Pore, Surface, and Film Diffusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This correction was accomplished by also measuring the desorption rate curve for an impulse response function marker (IRF marker), which is a compound that is not sorbed by, and does not enter, the particles. ... The fit lines in Figure 7 are the result of nonlinear regression of eq 8 to the data points from runs 1?3, performed with the Solver macro in Microsoft Excel software, utilizing the Newton gradient search method with forward derivatives and tangent-based estimates. ... Intraparticle diffusion in Luna C-18 occurs by means of a combination of pore diffusion and surface diffusion, as expressed, respectively, by the first and second terms on the right-hand side of eq 7. Inserting the values of DM,DMNB, Hind, ?M, and RDMNB from above yields a value of (6 2) 10-8 cm2/s for the pore diffusion term. ...

Robert Bujalski; Frederick F. Cantwell

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

46

,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 ,"Submitter Name:","David Abercrombie" ,"Submitter Contact Info:","David.Abercrombie@hq.doe.gov" ,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements" 1,89,331,"N/A","Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Recovery Act ",1.68e+10,228226615,0 2,89,328,"N/A","Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Recovery Act",4500000000,0,0 3,89,211,"N/A","Fossil Energy Research and Development, Recovery Act",3400000000,0,0

47

,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

906 906 ,"Submitter Name:","David Abercrombie" ,"Submitter Contact Info:","David.Abercrombie@hq.doe.gov" ,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements" 1,89,331,"N/A","Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Recovery Act ",1.68e+10,374217313.6,78891.63 2,89,328,"N/A","Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Recovery Act",4500000000,0,0 3,89,211,"N/A","Fossil Energy Research and Development, Recovery Act",3400000000,0,0

48

Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury of South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury of political and/or personal connection with the president. Pennsylvania State University, Economic Research as career diplomats across different types of postings. The central issue being addressed in the process

Maranas, Costas

49

Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Bond Program Provider Finance Authority of Maine The Major Business Expansion Bond Program provides long-term, credit-enhanced financing up to $25,000,000 at taxable bond rates for businesses creating or retaining at least 50 jobs; up to $10,000,000 is available for businesses which expand their manufacturing services. The bond proceeds may be used to acquire real estate, machinery, equipment, or rehabilitate or expand an existing facility. The interest rate is determined by market forces at the time of the bond sale

50

Treasury, Postal Approp's Act (11/19/95) PL 104-52  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

96 Appropriations Chronology (Draft) 96 Appropriations Chronology (Draft) CR (9/30/95) went through 11/13 PL 104-31 MilCon Approp's Act (10/3/95) PL 104-32 Agriculture Approp's Act (10/21/95) PL 104-37 Energy/Water Approp's Act (11/13/95) PL 104-46 Transportation Approp's Act (11/15/95) PL 104-50 Treasury, Postal Approp's Act (11/19/95) PL 104-52 Legislative Approp's Act (11/19/95) PL 104-53 CR (11/19/95) 11/14 through 11/20 PL 104-54 CR (11/20/95) through 12/15 PL 104-56 Defense Approp's Act (12/1/95) PL 104-61 Approp's for AFDC, VA, DC (12/22/95) PL 104-69 CR for DC (1/4/96) through 1/25 PL 104-90 Various Approp's (1/6/96) PL 104-92 CR (1/6/96) through 1/26 PL 104-94 Various Approp's (1/26/96) PL 104-99

51

Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications  

SciTech Connect

In the wake of the 2008-2009 financial crises, tax equity investors largely withdrew from the market, resulting in stagnation of project development. In response, Congress established the Treasury grant program pursuant to Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (..Section..1603 Program) to offer a cash payment in lieu of a production and investment tax credit. This study addresses the likely project financing and market impacts from the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program. The authors assembled an array of insights offered by financial executives active in the renewable energy (RE) market during conference panel discussions and in presentations, direct interviews, and email correspondences. This analysis found that the ..Section..1603 Program alleviated the need to monetize the tax credit incentives through specialized investors, helped lower the transaction and financing costs associated with renewable electricity projects, and generally supported an extensive build-out of renewable power generation capacity. With the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program, smaller or less-established renewable power developers will have more difficulty attracting needed financial capital and completing their projects, development of projects relying on newer or 'innovative' technologies will likely slow as traditional tax equity investors are known to be highly averse to technology risk in the projects they fund, and, finally, projects relying on tax equity may be more expensive to develop due to higher transaction costs and potentially higher yields required to attract tax equity.

Mendelsohn, M.; Harper, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

HUBBLE TARANTULA TREASURY PROJECT: UNRAVELING TARANTULA'S WEB. I. OBSERVATIONAL OVERVIEW AND FIRST RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

The Hubble Tarantula Treasury Project (HTTP) is an ongoing panchromatic imaging survey of stellar populations in the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud that reaches into the sub-solar mass regime (<0.5 M{sub Sun }). HTTP utilizes the capability of the Hubble Space Telescope to operate the Advanced Camera for Surveys and the Wide Field Camera 3 in parallel to study this remarkable region in the near-ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared spectral regions, including narrow-band H{alpha} images. The combination of all these bands provides a unique multi-band view. The resulting maps of the stellar content of the Tarantula Nebula within its main body provide the basis for investigations of star formation in an environment resembling the extreme conditions found in starburst galaxies and in the early universe. Access to detailed properties of individual stars allows us to begin to reconstruct the temporal and spatial evolution of the stellar skeleton of the Tarantula Nebula over space and time on a sub-parsec scale. In this first paper we describe the observing strategy, the photometric techniques, and the upcoming data products from this survey and present preliminary results obtained from the analysis of the initial set of near-infrared observations.

Sabbi, E.; Anderson, J.; Van der Marel, R. P.; Aloisi, A.; De Mink, S. E.; Gordon, K.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Panagia, N. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lennon, D. J. [ESA-European Space Astronomy Center, Apdo. de Correo 78, E-28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Boyer, M. L. [Observational Cosmology Lab, Code 665, NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Cignoni, M. [Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, via Ranzani, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); De Marchi, G. [Space Science Department, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1, 2200-AG Noordwijk (Netherlands); Evans, C. J. [UK Astronomy Technology Center, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Gallagher, J. S. III; Ryon, J. E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Gouliermis, D. A. [Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Grebel, E. K. [Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Moenchhofstr. 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Larsen, S. S. [Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9010, 6500-GL Nijmegen (Netherlands); Smith, L. J. [ESA/STScI, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Tosi, M., E-mail: sabbi@stsci.edu [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); and others

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

AdhesiveBonding.qrk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adhesive Bonding Adhesive Bonding Manufacturing Technologies Understanding and controlling the factors that affect adhesion is vital for ensuring consistent successful bonding operations. The Manufacturing Science and Technology Center's research into adhesion is focused on achieving a good initial bond and then understanding the mechanisms leading to eventual bond failure. The department is working to understand crack propagation at the interface and has developed a variety of mechanical testing techniques to evalu- ate this failure mode. The factors affecting wetting and formation of the bond (e.g., contamination, surface roughness) are being explored to further our knowledge. In addition to research into adhesion, we bond and join components for our cus- tomers. Researchers have formulated new

54

Private Activity Revenue Bonds (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Private Activity Revenue Bonds are available in the form of both taxable bonds and tax-exempt bonds. Both types of bonds provide access to long-term capital markets for fixed asset financing....

55

Empirical study on the Korean treasury auction focusing on the revenue comparison in multiple versus single price auction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE KOREAN TREASURY AUCTION FOCUSING ON THE REVENUE COMPARISON IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by...

Kang, Boo-Sung

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

56

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

57

Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Wind Solar Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Bond Program Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRB) are tax-exempt bonds that can be used to stimulate capital investment and job creation by providing private borrowers with access to financing at interest rates that are lower than conventional bank loans. The IRB process involves five separate entities - the borrower, lender, bond attorney, issuer, and WEDC. WEDC allocates the bonding authority or the volume cap for the program under Wis. Stat. §

58

Determinants of bond market development in Asia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the major reasons behind the Asian financial crisis in 1997 was the excessive dependence of the Asian economies on commercial banks for domestic financing. The region failed to diversify its sources of corporate financing as it relied mainly on banks since its other types of financing, namely bond markets, were still underdeveloped and their sizes were quite small. On the other hand, the 2008 global financial crisis and the ongoing European debt crisis have led to constraints in acquiring local currency and foreign currency liquidity in the corporate sector in Asia as foreign banks withdrew investments from Asia. Furthermore, Asia needs large long term capital (US$ 750 billion per year for 20102020) for developing infrastructure connectivity within and across its economies. Local and regional capital can be channeled for long-term infrastructure projects and other productive investment through bond markets. Having a well-developed local currency bond markets can enhance the resilience of domestic financial sector to external shocks and it can facilitate better intermediation of savings into productive investments in Asia. To enhance corporate bond financing, it is important to examine factors that affect the effective development of bond markets in Asia. The study attempts to identify the determinants of bond market development in Asian economies through examining the relationship of bond issuance with selected key financial and economic factors. It also intends to provide policy recommendations for the further development of the Asian bond market. Major determinants for bond market development in Asia include the size of an economy, the stage of economic development, the openness of an economy, the exchange rate variability, the size of the banking system, and interest rate variability.

Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

60

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

62

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

63

Preliminary Analysis of the Jobs and Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Projects Supported by the ..Section..1603 Treasury Grant Program  

SciTech Connect

This analysis responds to a request from the Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to estimate the direct and indirect jobs and economic impacts of projects supported by the Section 1603 Treasury grant program. The analysis employs the Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) models to estimate the gross jobs, earnings, and economic output supported by the construction and operation of the large wind (greater than 1 MW) and solar photovoltaic (PV) projects funded by the Section 1603 grant program.

Steinberg, D.; Porro, G.; Goldberg, M.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Wafer-Level Thermocompression Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermocompression bonding of gold is a promising technique for achieving low temperature, wafer-level bonding without the application of an electric field or complicated pre-bond cleaning procedure. The presence of a ductile ...

Tsau, Christine H.

65

Dual-bonded catalyst layer structure cathode for PEMFC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Novel electrode structure based on dual-bonded catalyst layer structure is reported to elevate proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) cathode performance. Differing from conventional cathode with simplex PTFE or ionomer as binder material in catalyst layer (CL), dual-bonded CL combines those two types of binders, respectively, in a composite structure. In order to develop a cathode possessing the superior merits of both mass transport and proton transfer, a PTFE-rich CL and an ionomer-rich CL were fabricated on gas diffusion layer in proper order. Polarization characteristic of cathodes with dual-bonded CL, conventional PTFE-bonded CL and ionomer-bonded CL were evaluated at ambient pressure in oxygen/air. Better performance of cathode was achieved with dual-bonded, compared with conventional structures. Electric yield rate of dual-bonded cathode was about 50%, whilst that of conventional cathodes was about 40%.

Xuewei Zhang; Pengfei Shi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Characterization of anodic bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anodic bonding is a common process used in MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) device fabrication and packaging. Polycrystalline chemical vapor deposited (CVD) silicon carbide (SiC) is emerging as a new MEMS device and ...

Tudryn, Carissa Debra, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The New Chemical Bond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off when the first convincing experimental evidence of the phi bond showed up for the thorium sandwich complex, as revealed by its elaborate, never-before-seen symmetry. The...

68

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides an in-depth description of qualified energy conservation bonds, including process and mechanics, case studies, utilization trends, barriers, and regulatory and legal issues. Author: Energy Programs Consortium

69

Water's Hydrogen Bond Strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water is necessary both for the evolution of life and its continuance. It possesses particular properties that cannot be found in other materials and that are required for life-giving processes. These properties are brought about by the hydrogen bonded environment particularly evident in liquid water. Each liquid water molecule is involved in about four hydrogen bonds with strengths considerably less than covalent bonds but considerably greater than the natural thermal energy. These hydrogen bonds are roughly tetrahedrally arranged such that when strongly formed the local clustering expands, decreasing the density. Such low density structuring naturally occurs at low and supercooled temperatures and gives rise to many physical and chemical properties that evidence the particular uniqueness of liquid water. If aqueous hydrogen bonds were actually somewhat stronger then water would behave similar to a glass, whereas if they were weaker then water would be a gas and only exist as a liquid at sub-zero temperatures. The overall conclusion of this investigation is that water's hydrogen bond strength is poised centrally within a narrow window of its suitability for life.

Martin Chaplin

2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

70

,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements","DOE Program Office Administering Funds"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 ,"Submitter Name:","David Abercrombie" ,"Submitter Contact Info:","David.Abercrombie@hq.doe.gov" ,"Program Source/ Treasury Account Symbol: Agency Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol: Account Code","Program Source/Treasury Account Symbol; Sub-Account Code (OPTIONAL)","Program Description (Account Title)","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements","DOE Program Office Administering Funds" 1,89,331,"N/A","Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Recovery Act",1.68e+10,10000,0,"Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy" 2,89,328,"N/A","Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Recovery Act",4500000000,0,0,"Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability"

71

Stocks, bonds and the  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the relative performance of stocks and bonds for various investment horizons on the French market. We use a new matched block bootstrap approach to take account of estimation risk. Furthermore, in the light of non-normality of returns, we use two different risk approaches as inputs in portfolio optimization: the traditional variance, and a downside risk measure, the semi-variance. Our results suggest that an investor should avoid bonds in the long run due to the time diversification effect.

Gilles Sanfilippo

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Photochemical tissue bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Photochemical tissue bonding methods include the application of a photosensitizer to a tissue and/or tissue graft, followed by irradiation with electromagnetic energy to produce a tissue seal. The methods are useful for tissue adhesion, such as in wound closure, tissue grafting, skin grafting, musculoskeletal tissue repair, ligament or tendon repair and corneal repair.

Redmond, Robert W. (Brookline, MA); Kochevar, Irene E. (Charlestown, MA)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

73

Thread bonds in molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unusual chemical bonds are proposed. Each bond is almost covalent but is characterized by the thread of a small radius $\\sim 0.6\\times 10^{-11}$cm, between two nuclei in a molecule. The main electron density is concentrated outside the thread as in a covalent bond. The thread is formed by the electron wave function which has a tendency to be singular on it. The singularity along the thread is cut off by electron "vibrations" due to the interaction with zero point electromagnetic oscillations. The electron energy has its typical value of (1-10)eV. Due to the small tread radius the uncertainty of the electron momentum inside the thread is large resulting in a large electron kinetic energy $\\sim 1 MeV$. This energy is compensated by formation of a potential well due to the reduction of the energy of electromagnetic zero point oscillations. This is similar to formation of a negative van der Waals potential. Thread bonds are stable and cannot be created or destructed in chemical or optical processes.

Ivlev, B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Albert Bond | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond - Project Officer, Golden Field Office Albert Bond is a Project Officer at the Golden Field Office. Most Recent New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results March 8...

75

Opportunities in Bond Financing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities in Bond Financing Opportunities in Bond Financing James Dack Vice President Alternative Energy Finance Group Stern Brothers & Co. Seattle, WA 98101 Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 2 INTRODUCTION * Stern Brothers, founded in 1917 and headquartered in St. Louis, is an investment banking firm that is focused on project financing (taxable and tax-exempt) for renewable energy, real estate, higher education and healthcare. * Stern's Alternative Energy Finance Group structures and places tax- exempt and taxable debt, and provides financial advisory services for renewable energy projects in the U.S. * Waste-to-energy, second generation biofuels, biochemicals, biomass, solar, wind, landfill gas-to-energy, cogen, CHP, hydro,

76

Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Energetics for Solute/Solvent Complexes Studied with 2D-IR Vibrational Echo Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Energetics for Solute/Solvent Complexes Studied with 2D-IR Vibrational@stanford.edu Abstract: Weak hydrogen-bonded solute/solvent complexes are studied with ultrafast two the dissociation and formation rates of the hydrogen-bonded complexes. The dissociation rates of the weak hydrogen

Fayer, Michael D.

77

Tax credits, exempt bonds hit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tax credits, exempt bonds hit ... A tax credit permits a taxpayer to deduct a certain amount from his final tax bill. ...

1967-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

78

Preliminary Evaluation of the Impact of the Section 1603 Treasury Grant Program on Renewable Energy Deployment in 2009  

SciTech Connect

Federal support for renewable energy deployment in the United States has traditionally been delivered primarily through tax benefits, including the production tax credit ('PTC') in Section 45 of the U.S. tax code, investment tax credits ('ITC') in Sections 25D and 48, and accelerated tax depreciation in Section 168. Many renewable power project developers are unable to use the majority of these tax benefits directly or immediately, however, and have therefore often relied on third-party 'tax equity' investors for the necessary investment capital in order to monetize the available tax benefits. As has been well-publicized, most of these tax equity investors were hit hard by the global financial crisis that unfolded in the last months of 2008 and, as a result, most either withdrew from the renewable power market at that time or reduced their available investment capital. This left a significant financing gap beginning in late 2008, and placed at some risk the continued near-term growth of renewable energy supply in the U.S. In recognition of these developments, the U.S. Congress passed two stimulus bills - The Energy Improvement and Extension Act ('the Extension Act') in October 2008 and The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ('the Recovery Act') in February 2009 - parts of which were intended to address the growing shortage of finance for renewable power projects. Most notably, Section 1603 of the Recovery Act enables qualifying commercial renewable energy projects to choose between the Section 45 PTC, the Section 48 ITC, or a cash grant of equal value to the Section 48 ITC (i.e., 30% of the project's eligible basis in most cases). By giving developers the option to receive a 30% cash grant (administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury) in lieu of either the ITC or the PTC, Congress hoped to 'temporarily fill the gap created by the diminished investor demand for tax credits,' and thereby achieve 'the near term goal of creating and retaining jobs - as well as the long-term benefit of expanding the use of clean and renewable energy and decreasing our dependency on non-renewable energy sources' (U.S. Department of the Treasury 2009). More than a year has now passed since the Recovery Act became law. Although the Section 1603 program has been operational for only part of that time - roughly eight months - the program faces a looming milestone in just another nine months. Specifically, in order to qualify for the Section 1603 grant, eligible projects must have commenced construction by the end of 2010. With this deadline approaching, the Committee on Ways and Means of the U.S. House of Representatives requested that Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory evaluate the effectiveness of the Section 1603 grant program to date (see Attachment 1), focusing on specific elements of the program that were subsequently agreed upon by Committee staff, the U.S. Department of Energy, and Berkeley Lab. This report responds to the Committee's request. The evaluation focuses primarily on the commercial wind power sector, for two reasons: (1) commercial wind power projects had received nearly 86% of all grant money awarded as of March 1, 2010; and (2) there is substantially more market-related information available for the commercial wind power sector than there is for other renewable power sectors, thereby facilitating analysis. Despite the focus on wind power, this initial analysis does endeavor to provide relevant information on other technologies, and in particular geothermal (the second-largest recipient of grant money), where possible.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Darghouth, Naim

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Watching Hydrogen Bonds Break: A Transient Absorption Study of Water Tobias Steinel, John B. Asbury, Junrong Zheng, and M. D. Fayer*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Watching Hydrogen Bonds Break: A Transient Absorption Study of Water Tobias Steinel, John B. Asbury of picoseconds, observe hydrogen bond breaking and monitor the equilibration of the hydrogen bond network in water. In addition, the vibrational lifetime, the time constant for hydrogen bond breaking, and the rate

Fayer, Michael D.

80

Bond Programs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Bond Programs Jump to: navigation, search Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A few states and local governments have established bond programs to support energy efficiency and renewable energy for government-owned facilities. After a government has raised an authorized sum of money through the sale of bonds, the money collected is used to improve energy efficiency or to install renewable energy systems on government facilities. The bonding authority is usually reimbursed using the energy savings resulting from these projects. [1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, the quantum confinement effect is proposed as the cause of the displacement of the vibrational spectrum of molecular groups that involve hydrogen bonds. In this approach the hydrogen bond imposes a space barrier to hydrogen and constrains its oscillatory motion. We studied the vibrational transitions through the Morse potential, for the NH and OH molecular groups inside macromolecules in situation of confinement (when hydrogen bonding is formed) and non-confinement (when there is no hydrogen bonding). The energies were obtained through the variational method with the trial wave functions obtained from Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics (SQM) formalism. The results indicate that it is possible to distinguish the emission peaks related to the existence of the hydrogen bonds. These analytical results were satisfactorily compared with experimental results obtained from infrared spectroscopy.

Santos, Carlos da Silva dos; Ricotta, Regina Maria

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Do Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways? An Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways? An Investigation in Designed Proteins Yongjian Zheng, Martin A. Case, James F. Wishart, and George L. McLendon J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 7288-7292 (2003). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: We have investigated the contribution of main chain hydrogen bond (H-bond) pathways to the tunneling matrix elements which control electron transfer (ET) rates across an alpha-helical protein matrix. The paradigm system for these investigations is a metal ion-assembled parallel three-helix bundle protein that contains a ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridyl) electron donor and a ruthenium(III) pentammine electron acceptor separated by a direct metal to metal distance of ca. 19 Å, requiring tunneling through 15 Å of

83

detonation rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

detonation rate, detonation velocity, velocity of detonation, V.O.D., detonating velocity, rate of detonation, detonating rate ? Detonationsgeschwindigkeit f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Method for vacuum fusion bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Fusion bonding and alignment fixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all the components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds New clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) are tax credit bonds, the proceeds of which are used for capital...

87

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (New CREBs) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (New...

88

"Our learned primate and that rare treasurie": James Usshers use of Sir Robert Cottons manuscript library, c. 1603-1655  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 of 19 Our learned Primate and that rare treasurie: James Usshers use of Sir Robert Cottons manuscript library, c. 1603-1655.1 Katherine Birkwood, St Johns College Library, Cambridge Sir Robert Cottons library... biographers, he made his first visit to Cottons library in London in 1603, on the first of a sequence of triennial visits made to England with Luke Challoner, his father-in-law and the Vice-Provost of Trinity College Dublin.13...

Birkwood, Katherine

89

Covalent Bonding in Actinide Sandwich Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Covalent Bonding in Actinide Sandwich Molecules Print Glenn Seaborg was one of the first scientists to recognize that differences in the degree of covalent bonding in lanthanide...

90

Magnetic Testing of Bonded Magnets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many techniques exist to characterize the magnetic properties of bonded magnets. We will review the common and not so common techniques in use, with emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each one, an...

S. R. Trout

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Place Georgia Utility Id 6380 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Industrial Industrial Residential City Residential Residential Rural Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1000/kWh Commercial: $0.1140/kWh Industrial: $0.0817/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

92

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs?) & New Clean Renewable...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the same as those eligible for the federal renewable energy tax credits. (i.e., solar, wind, biomass, solid waste, hydro, etc) * Treasury allocated 2.4 billion on a...

93

Mechanical Force Can Fine-Tune Redox Potentials of Disulfide Bonds Ilona B. Baldus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical Force Can Fine-Tune Redox Potentials of Disulfide Bonds Ilona B. Baldus and Frauke Gra, China ABSTRACT Mechanical force applied along a disulfide bond alters its rate of reduction. We here within proteins by point mutations. INTRODUCTION Similar to thermal or light energy, mechanical force can

Gräter, Frauke

94

Non-bonded ultrasonic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanically assembled non-bonded ultrasonic transducer includes a substrate, a piezoelectric film, a wetting agent, a thin metal electrode, and a lens held in intimate contact by a mechanical clamp. No epoxy or glue is used in the assembly of this device.

Eoff, J.M.

1984-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

95

Stress and Fracture Analysis of a Class of Bonded Joints in Wind Turbine Blades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified model is proposed to investigate the stress fields and the strain energy release rate (SERR) associated with cracks in bonded joints in wind turbine blades. The proposed two-dimensional model consists of nonparallel upper and lower...

Chen, Chang

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Long Range Bond-Bond Correlations in Dense Polymer Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scaling of the bond-bond correlation function P1(s) along linear polymer chains is investigated with respect to the curvilinear distance s along the flexible chain and the monomer density ? via Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations. Surprisingly, the correlations in dense three-dimensional solutions are found to decay with a power law P1(s)?s-? with ?=3/2 and the exponential behavior commonly assumed is clearly ruled out for long chains. In semidilute solutions, the density dependent scaling of P1(s)?g-?0(s/g)-? with ?0=2-2?=0.824 (?=0.588 being Flory's exponent) is set by the number of monomers g(?) in an excluded volume blob. Our computational findings compare well with simple scaling arguments and perturbation calculation. The power-law behavior is due to self-interactions of chains caused by the chain connectivity and the incompressibility of the melt.

J. P. Wittmer; H. Meyer; J. Baschnagel; A. Johner; S. Obukhov; L. Mattioni; M. Mller; A. N. Semenov

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

97

Rate Schedules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate...

98

State Bond Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A few states and local governments have established bond programs to support energy efficiency and renewable energy for government-owned facilities. After a government has raised an authorized sum of money through the sale of bonds, the money collected is used to improve energy efficiency or to install renewable energy systems on government facilities. The bonding authority is usually reimbursed using the energy savings resulting from these projects. [1] State Bond Program Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 7) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Bond Program (New Mexico) State Bond Program New Mexico Schools

99

The Market for Borrowing Corporate Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the market for borrowing corporate bonds using a comprehensive data set from a major lender. The cost of borrowing corporate bonds is comparable to the cost of borrowing stock, between 10 and 20 basis ...

Asquith, Paul

100

Study of bump bonding technology  

SciTech Connect

Pixel detectors proposed for the new generation of hadron collider experiments will use bump-bonding technology based on either indium or Pb/Sn solder to connect the front-end readout chips to the silicon pixel sensors. We have previously reported large-scale tests of the yield using both indium and Pb/Sn solder bump [1]. The conclusion is that both seem to be viable for pixel detectors. We have also carried out studies of various effects (e.g. storage over long period, effect of heating and cooling, and radiation) on both types of bump bonds using daisy-chained parts on a small scale [2], [3]. Overall, these tests showed little changes in the integrity of the bump connections. Nevertheless, questions still remain on the long-term reliability of the bumps due to thermal cycle effects, attachment to a substrate with a different coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and radiation.

Selcuk Cihangir et al.

2003-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Bonded, walk-off compensated optical elements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bonded, walk-off compensated crystal, for use with optical equipment, and methods of making optical components including same.

Ebbers, Christopher A. (Livermore, CA)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

102

Rates - WAPA-137 Rate Order  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAPA-137 Rate Order WAPA-137 Rate Order 2009 CRSP Management Center Customer Rates Second Step Presentation from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Handout Materials from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Customer Comment Letters ATEA CREDA Farmington ITCA AMPUA Rate Adjustment Information The second step of WAPA-137 SLCA/IP Firm Power, CRSP Transmission and Ancillary Services rate adjustment. FERC Approval of Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Notice Of Filing for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Letter to Customers regarding the published Notice of Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 FRN Follow-up Public Information and Comment Forum Flier WAPA-137 Customer Meetings and Rate Adjustment Schedule

103

Metallic bonding in magnesium microclusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the size evolution of bonding in magnesium clusters Mgn, with n?20. Computations are performed in the density-functional scheme with two prescriptions for the exchange-correlation energy: the local-density approximation (LDA), and an improved scheme including gradient corrections (GC). The LDA results show that Mg10 clusters already have acquired several of the characteristic features of metallic aggregates. GC significantly decrease the cohesive energies, and predict a slower convergence with n to the bulk, without changing, however, the qualitative picture given by LDA.

P. Delaly; P. Ballone; J. Buttet

1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

Ultrafast conversions between hydrogen bonded structures in liquid water observed by femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

We present the first femtosecond soft x-ray spectroscopy in liquids, enabling the observation of changes in hydrogen bond structures in water via core-hole excitation. The oxygen K-edge of vibrationally excited water is probed with femtosecond soft x-ray pulses, exploiting the relation between different water structures and distinct x-ray spectral features. After excitation of the intramolecular OH stretching vibration, characteristic x-ray absorption changes monitor the conversion of strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures to more disordered structures with weaker hydrogen-bonding described by a single subpicosecond time constant. The latter describes the thermalization time of vibrational excitations and defines the characteristic maximum rate with which nonequilibrium populations of more strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures convert to less-bonded ones. On short time scales, the relaxation of vibrational excitations leads to a transient high-pressure state and a transient absorption spectrum different from that of statically heated water.

Wen, Haidan; Huse, Nils; Schoenlein, Robert W.; Lindenberg, Aaron M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Title Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Publication Type Policy Brief Authors Zimring, Mark Secondary Title Clean Energy Program Policy Brief Publisher LBNL Place Published Berkeley Year of Publication 2011 Pagination 7 Date Published 06/2011 Abstract Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized debt instruments that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of qualified energy conservation projects. QECBs offer issuers very attractive borrowing rates and long terms, and can fund low-interest energy efficiency loans for home and commercial property owners. Saint Louis County, MO recently issued over $10 million of QECBs to finance the Saint Louis County SAVES residential energy efficiency loan program. The county's experience negotiating QECB regulations and restrictions can inform future issuers.

106

Rate schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Rate/Charges Effective Through (or until superceded) Firm Sales (SLIP-F9) Composite Rate SLIP 29.62 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Demand Charge SLIP $5.18/kW-month 9/30/2015 Energy Charge SLIP 12.19 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) SLIP 0 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Transmission Service Provided by Current Rates effective10/12 - 9/15 (or until superceded) Rate Schedule Effective Through Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-PTP7) CRSP $1.14 per kW-month $13.69/kW-year $0.00156/kW-hour $0.04/kW-day $0.26/kW-week 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Network Integration Transmission (SP-NW3) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Non-Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-NFT6) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Ancillary Services Provided by Rate Rate Schedule

107

Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.

C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Bhmer

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

108

Public Bonding Options | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

While the revenue stream need not be directly related to the financed project, capital lease revenue bonds entail a third party guaranteeing an energy savings revenue stream,...

109

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

110

Nuclear reactor multiphysics via bond graph formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling nuclear reactor multiphysics problems using bond graphs. Conventional multiphysics simulation paradigms normally use operator splitting, which treats the ...

Sosnovsky, Eugeny

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Bond Strength of Grade 100 Reinforcing Steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bond strength of Grade 100 ASTM A 1035 reinforcing steel manufactured by MMFX Technologies Corp. is evaluated with respect to bond strength equations found in ACI 318-05 and ACI 408R-03. Test specimens are fullscale beam-splice specimens tested...

Miller, Shelby

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

112

Effect of nanoscale surface roughness on the bonding energy of direct-bonded silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct wafer bonding of silicon wafers is a promising technology for manufacturing three-dimensional complex microelectromechanical systems as well as silicon-on-insulator substrates. Previous work has reported that the bond quality declines with increasing surface roughness however this relationship has not been quantified. This article explicitly correlates the bond quality which is quantified by the apparent bonding energy and the surface morphology via the bearing ratio which describes the area of surface lying above a given depth. The apparent bonding energy is considered to be proportional to the real area of contact. The effective area of contact is defined as the area sufficiently close to contribute to the attractive force between the two bonding wafers. Experiments were conducted with silicon wafers whose surfaces were roughened by a buffered oxide etch solution (BOE HF:NH 4 F =1:7) and/or a potassium hydroxide solution. The surface roughness was measured by atomic force microscopy. The wafers were direct bonded to polished monitor wafers following a standard RCA cleaning and the resulting bonding energy was measured by the crack-opening method. The experimental results revealed a clear correlation between the bonding energy and the bearing ratio. A bearing depth of ?1.4 nm was found to be appropriate for the characterization of direct-bonded silicon at room temperature which is consistent with the thickness of the water layer at the interface responsible for the hydrogen bonds that link the mating wafers.

N. Miki; S. M. Spearing

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond October 26, 2011 - 4:56pm Addthis John Shanklin, biochemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Ed Whittle, research assistant in Shanklin's lab, with a fatty acid molecule model and plant seeds and casings in the foreground. | Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory John Shanklin, biochemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Ed Whittle, research assistant in Shanklin's lab, with a fatty acid molecule model and plant seeds and casings in the foreground. | Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What are the key facts? Understanding how proteins exert precise control over double bond

114

Partial transient liquid phase diffusion bonding of Zircaloy-4 to stabilized austenitic stainless steel 321  

SciTech Connect

An innovative method was applied for bonding Zircaloy-4 to stabilized austenitic stainless steel 321 using an active titanium interlayer. Specimens were joined by a partial transient liquid phase diffusion bonding method in a vacuum furnace at different temperatures under 1 MPa dynamic pressure of contact. The influence of different bonding temperatures on the microstructure, microindentation hardness, joint strength and interlayer thickness has been studied. The diffusion of Fe, Cr, Ni and Zr has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy elemental analyses. Results showed that control of the heating and cooling rate and 20 min soaking at 1223 K produces a perfect joint. However, solid-state diffusion of the melting point depressant elements into the joint metal causes the solid/liquid interface to advance until the joint is solidified. The tensile strength of all the bonded specimens was found around 480-670 MPa. Energy dispersive spectroscopy studies indicated that the melting occurred along the interface of the bonded specimens as a result of the transfer of atoms between the interlayer and the matrix during bonding. This technique provides a reliable method of bonding zirconium alloy to stainless steel.

Atabaki, M. Mazar, E-mail: m.mazaratabaki@gmail.com [Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, 81310 (Malaysia); Hanzaei, A. Talebi [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Process Of Bonding Copper And Tungsten  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for bonding a copper substrate to a tungsten substrate by providing a thin metallic adhesion promoting film bonded to a tungsten substrate and a functionally graded material (FGM) interlayer bonding the thin metallic adhesion promoting film to the copper substrate. The FGM interlayer is formed by sintering a stack of individual copper and tungsten powder blend layers having progressively higher copper content/tungsten content, by volume, ratio values in successive powder blend layers in a lineal direction extending from the tungsten substrate towards the copper substrate. The resulting copper to tungsten joint well accommodates the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the materials.

Slattery, Kevin T. (St. Charles, MO); Driemeyer, Daniel E. (Manchester, MO); Davis, John W. (Ballwin, MO)

2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

116

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Risk Analysis Study.  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS), operated on behalf of the ratepayers of the PNW by BPA and other Federal agencies, faces many uncertainties during the FY 2007-2009 rate period. Among these uncertainties, the largest revolve around hydro conditions, market prices and river operations for fish recovery. In order to provide a high probability of making its U.S. Treasury payments, BPA performs a Risk Analysis as part of its rate-making process. In this Risk Analysis, BPA identifies key risks, models their relationships, and then analyzes their impacts on net revenues (total revenues less expenses). BPA subsequently evaluates in the ToolKit Model the Treasury Payment Probability (TPP) resulting from the rates, risks, and risk mitigation measures described here and in the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study (WPRDS). If the TPP falls short of BPA's standard, additional risk mitigation revenues, such as PNRR and CRAC revenues are incorporated in the modeling in ToolKit until the TPP standard is met. Increased wholesale market price volatility and six years of drought have significantly changed the profile of risk and uncertainty facing BPA and its stakeholders. These present new challenges for BPA in its effort to keep its power rates as low as possible while fully meeting its obligations to the U.S. Treasury. As a result, the risk BPA faces in not receiving the level of secondary revenues that have been credited to power rates before receiving those funds is greater. In addition to market price volatility, BPA also faces uncertainty around the financial impacts of operations for fish programs in FY 2006 and in the FY 2007-2009 rate period. A new Biological Opinion or possible court-ordered change to river operations in FY 2006 through FY 2009 may reduce BPA's net revenues included Initial Proposal. Finally, the FY 2007-2009 risk analysis includes new operational risks as well as a more comprehensive analysis of non-operating risks. Both the operational and non-operational risks will be described in Section 2.0 of this study. Given these risks, if rates are designed using BPA's traditional approach of only adding Planned Net Revenues for Risk (PNRR), power rates would need to recover a much larger ''risk premium'' to meet BPA's TPP standard. As an alternative to high fixed risk premiums, BPA is proposing a risk mitigation package that combines PNRR with a variable rate mechanism similar to the cost recovery adjustment mechanisms used in the FY 2002-2006 rate period. The proposed risk mitigation package is less expensive on a forecasted basis because the rates can be adjusted on an annual basis to respond to uncertain financial outcomes. BPA is also proposing a Dividend Distribution Clause (DDC) to refund reserves in excess of $800M to customers in the event net revenues in the next rate period exceed current financial forecasts.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to Provide Low-Cost Solar Energy Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to Provide Low-Cost Solar...

118

Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with covalently-bound hexafluoroisopropanol groups. Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with...

119

Atomistic modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond-order potential. Atomistic modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond-order potential. Abstract: Molecular dynamics...

120

Bond Energies in Models of the Schrock Metathesis Catalyst. ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energies in Models of the Schrock Metathesis Catalyst. Bond Energies in Models of the Schrock Metathesis Catalyst. Abstract: Heats of formation, adiabatic and diabatic bond...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Atoms in Valence Bond. Method, implementation and application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Atoms in Valence Bond (AiVB) approach is presented. The main goal was to develop a new and innovative approach, within the existing Valence Bond (more)

Zielinski, M.L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Wednesday, 25 May 2005 00:00 The unique...

123

Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues. Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues....

124

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To...

125

Hydrogen-Bond Acidic Polymers for Chemical Vapor Sensing. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acidic Polymers for Chemical Vapor Sensing. Hydrogen-Bond Acidic Polymers for Chemical Vapor Sensing. Abstract: A review with 171 references. Hydrogen-bond acidic polymers for...

126

Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen K-edge Spectroscopy and Electronic Structure Theory . Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using...

127

International political risk and government bond pricing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the impact of international political risk on government bond yields in 34 debtor countries using a comprehensive database of 109 international political crises from 1988 through 2007. After employing the total number of international political crises as a proxy for political risk and controlling for country-specific economic conditions, we establish a positive and significant link between international political risk and government bond yields. This is consistent with global bond investors demanding higher returns at times of high political uncertainty. In addition, we show that international political risk has a reduced adverse effect on bond prices when the debtor country has a stable political system and strong investor protection.

Tao Huang; Fei Wu; Jing Yu; Bohui Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Industrial Revenue Bond Program (District of Columbia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The District provides below market bond financing to lower the costs of borrowing for qualified capital construction and renovation projects. The program is available to non-profits, institutions,...

129

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond State-by-State Summary Tables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides a list of qualified energy conservation bond state summary tables. Author: Energy Programs Consortium

130

Hydrogen Bond Networks: Structure and Evolution after Hydrogen Bond Breaking John B. Asbury, Tobias Steinel, and M. D. Fayer*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Networks: Structure and Evolution after Hydrogen Bond Breaking John B. Asbury, TobiasVed: September 1, 2003; In Final Form: December 18, 2003 The nature of hydrogen bonding networks following hydrogen bond breaking is investigated using vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy of the hydroxyl

Fayer, Michael D.

131

Bonded ultrasonic transducer and method for making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic transducer is formed as a diffusion bonded assembly of piezoelectric crystal, backing material, and, optionally, a ceramic wear surface. The mating surfaces of each component are silver films that are diffusion bonded together under the application of pressure and heat. Each mating surface may also be coated with a reactive metal, such as hafnium, to increase the adhesion of the silver films to the component surfaces. Only thin silver films are deposited, e.g., a thickness of about 0.00635 mm, to form a substantially non-compliant bond between surfaces. The resulting transducer assembly is substantially free of self-resonances over normal operating ranges for taking resonant ultrasound measurements. 12 figs.

Dixon, R.D.; Roe, L.H.; Migliori, A.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Epoxy bond and stop etch fabrication method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A class of epoxy bond and stop etch (EBASE) microelectronic fabrication techniques is disclosed. The essence of such techniques is to grow circuit components on top of a stop etch layer grown on a first substrate. The first substrate and a host substrate are then bonded together so that the circuit components are attached to the host substrate by the bonding agent. The first substrate is then removed, e.g., by a chemical or physical etching process to which the stop etch layer is resistant. EBASE fabrication methods allow access to regions of a device structure which are usually blocked by the presence of a substrate, and are of particular utility in the fabrication of ultrafast electronic and optoelectronic devices and circuits.

Simmons, Jerry A. (Sandia Park, NM); Weckwerth, Mark V. (Pleasanton, CA); Baca, Wes E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Bonded ultrasonic transducer and method for making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic transducer is formed as a diffusion bonded assembly of piezoelectric crystal, backing material, and, optionally, a ceramic wear surface. The mating surfaces of each component are silver films that are diffusion bonded together under the application of pressure and heat. Each mating surface may also be coated with a reactive metal, such as hafnium, to increase the adhesion of the silver films to the component surfaces. Only thin silver films are deposited, e.g., a thickness of about 0.00635 mm, to form a substantially non-compliant bond between surfaces. The resulting transducer assembly is substantially free of self-resonances over normal operating ranges for taking resonant ultrasound measurements.

Dixon, Raymond D. (Los Alamos, NM); Roe, Lawrence H. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Process Of Bonding Copper And Tungsten  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for bonding a copper substrate to a tungsten substrate by providing a thin metallic adhesion promoting film bonded to a tungsten substrate and a functionally graded material (FGM) interlayer bonding the thin metallic adhesion promoting film to the copper substrate. The FGM interlayer is formed by thermal plasma spraying mixtures of copper powder and tungsten powder in a varied blending ratio such that the blending ratio of the copper powder and the tungsten powder that is fed to a plasma torch is intermittently adjusted to provide progressively higher copper content/tungsten content, by volume, ratio values in the interlayer in a lineal direction extending from the tungsten substrate towards the copper substrate. The resulting copper to tungsten joint well accommodates the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the materials.

Slattery, Kevin T. (St. Charles, MO); Driemeyer, Daniel E. (Manchester, MO)

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

135

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

137

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Bond Underwriter Costs: Texas School Districts and the Hidden Cost of Issuing Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dramatically across Texas school districts, both in total and as a percentage of the total amount borrowed. As an example, in 2008 Alto ISD issued $6.3 million in bonds and Glen Rose ISD borrowed $6.2 million. The underwriter for Glen Rose earned $38...,936 in fees; the underwriter on the Alto deal earned $193,712, nearly five times that amount. On a per bond basis, Glen Rose paid .628%, while Alto paid more than 3%. An examination of bond issues across the state demonstrates similar variations...

Stasny, Mary Knetsar

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

139

Rates & Repayment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current and Historical Rate Information Collbran Power Rates CRSP Power Rates CRSP Transmission System Rates CRSP Management Center interest rates Falcon-Amistad Power Rates Provo River Power Rates Rio Grande Power Rates Seedskadee Power Rates SLCA/IP Power Rates Rate Schedules & Supplemental Rate Information Current Rates for Firm Power, Firm & Non-firm Transmission Service, & Ancillary Services Current Transmission & Ancillary Services Rates Tariffs Components of the SLCA/IP Existing Firm Power Rate Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Page MOA Concerning the Upper Colorado River Basin

140

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Bond Program Provider Revenue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial, natural resources, recreational development or manufacturing purposes. The board of county commissioners of any county or the governing body of any city may approve an exemption of property funded by industrial revenue bonds (IRB's). Some

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Dynamic force spectroscopy on multiple bonds: experiments and model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We probe the dynamic strength of multiple biotin-streptavidin adhesion bonds under linear loading using the biomembrane force probe setup for dynamic force spectroscopy. Measured rupture force histograms are compared to results from a master equation model for the stochastic dynamics of bond rupture under load. This allows us to extract the distribution of the number of initially closed bonds. We also extract the molecular parameters of the adhesion bonds, in good agreement with earlier results from single bond experiments. Our analysis shows that the peaks in the measured histograms are not simple multiples of the single bond values, but follow from a superposition procedure which generates different peak positions.

T. Erdmann; S. Pierrat; P. Nassoy; U. S. Schwarz

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

142

Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Allocation (Missouri) Bond Allocation (Missouri) Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Total Program Cap 2012: $571,015,360 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Bond Program Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development The Private Activity Bond Allocation Program provides low-interest financing through tax-exempt bonds for certain types of projects, including electric and gas utility projects. Eligible applicants include certain state agencies, cities, counties and industrial development authorities

143

"No.","Treasury Appropriation Symbol","Title/Program","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weekly Update Report Data (sheet 1 of 2) Version 1.0" Weekly Update Report Data (sheet 1 of 2) Version 1.0" ,"Agency Name:","Department of Energy" ,"Week Start Date:",39867 ,"Submitter Name:","David Abercrombie" ,"Submitter Contact Info:","David.Abercrombie@hq.doe.gov" "No.","Treasury Appropriation Symbol","Title/Program","Total Appropriation","Total Obligations","Total Disbursements" 1,"89-09/10-0211","Fossil Energy Research and Development, Recovery Act",3400000000,0,0 2,"89-09/10-0227","Science, Recovery Act",1600000000,0,0 3,"89-09/12-0237","Inspector General, Recovery Act",15000000,0,0 4,"89-09/10-0253","Defense Environmental Cleanup, Recovery Act",5127000000,0,0

144

Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Bond Program Provider Any interested county or municipality. Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally are secured by the project itself. The taxing power or general credit of the government may not be used to secure the bonds. Local governments may not operate any project

145

Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110). Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110). Abstract: Since oxygen atom...

146

Ge-Au eutectic bonding of Ge {100} single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present preliminary results on the eutectic bonding between two {100} Ge single crystal surfaces using thin films of ... Au sample show epitaxial growth of Ge. In sections of the bond, lattice continuity...

W. B. Knowlton; K. M. Itoh; J. W. Beeman; J. H. Emes

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Bond Program Provider South Dakota Governor's Office of Economic Development The Pooled Bond Program offered by the Economic Development Finance Authority is designed for capital intensive projects, providing small businesses access to larger capital markets for tax-exempt or taxable bond issuances. Bond proceeds can be used to finance 80 percent of new construction, and 75 percent of new equipment costs, with no greater than 25 percent of the bond proceeds being used for ancillary activities such as

148

Article coated with flash bonded superhydrophobic particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making article having a superhydrophobic surface includes: providing a solid body defining at least one surface; applying to the surface a plurality of diatomaceous earth particles and/or particles characterized by particle sizes ranging from at least 100 nm to about 10 .mu.m, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of nanopores, wherein at least some of the nanopores provide flow through porosity, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured features that include a contiguous, protrusive material; flash bonding the particles to the surface so that the particles are adherently bonded to the surface; and applying a hydrophobic coating layer to the surface and the particles so that the hydrophobic coating layer conforms to the nanostructured features.

Simpson, John T (Clinton, TN) [Clinton, TN; Blue, Craig A (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Kiggans, Jr., James O [Oak Ridge, TN

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

149

Definition: Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cement Bond Log A representation of the integrity of the cement job, especially whether the cement is adhering solidly to the outside of the casing. The log is typically obtained from one of a variety of sonic-type tools. The newer versions, called cement evaluation logs, along with their processing software, can give detailed, 360-degree representations of the integrity of the cement job, whereas older versions may display a single line representing the integrated integrity around the casing.[1] Related Terms Acoustic Logs References ↑ Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

150

A New Hydrogen Bond in Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During our study on hydrogen bond in coal by diffuse reflectance IR, we found that a weak peak at 2514 cm-1 always occurred for some coals. ... Infrared absorption spectra of coals and coal extracts ... The FTIR spectra during the heat-up of eight coals (seven Argonne premium coals and an Australian brown coal), an ion-exchange resin, and a lignin were measured every 20 C from room temp. ...

Dongtao Li; Wen Li; Baoqing Li

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Effects of Bond Stretching on Polymer Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of Bond Stretching on Polymer Statistics ... When a system becomes strained, longer chain end-to-end separations become more probable and the assumptions that go into the Gaussian chain model are no longer valid. ... The associated probability distribution attaches too much weight to the probabilities at larger end-to-end separations, and a statistical analysis based on this distribution would unrealistically overemphasize the contributions of these longer chains. ...

Gary G. Hoffman

1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

152

Bonding on the corrugator; The energy aspects  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses what new features are needed on the corrugator of the future. The author analyzes trends in the industry of the last 15-20 years. The trends point to more automation and more process and quality control, but new designs will react to new market needs such as just-in-time production and product flexibility. In this paper, the author focuses on the bonding process.

Bradatsch, E. (BHS-Werk Weiherhammer, D-8481 Weiherhammer (DE))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cement Bond Log Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cement Bond Log Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 0.8585 centUSD 8.5e-4 kUSD 8.5e-7 MUSD 8.5e-10 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 1.25125 centUSD 0.00125 kUSD 1.25e-6 MUSD 1.25e-9 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 3.00300 centUSD 0.003 kUSD 3.0e-6 MUSD 3.0e-9 TUSD / foot Time Required Low-End Estimate: 0.35 days9.582478e-4 years 8.4 hours 0.05 weeks 0.0115 months / job

154

Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang* Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Abstract Ligand binding involves breakage of hydrogen bonds with water molecules and formation of new hydrogen bonds between protein and ligand. In this work, the change

Caflisch, Amedeo

157

Analysis of C H...O hydrogen bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Analysis of C H...O hydrogen bonds in high resolution protein crystal structures from the PDB 1.4 Identification of C-H...O hydrogen bonds............................................. 1.4.1 The definition of a C-H...O hydrogen bond.................................... 1.4.2 Fixing the hydrogen and measuring the parameters

Babu, M. Madan

158

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums Herv Alexandre*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums By Hervé Alexandre*º Antonin de Benoist * Abstract : This article analyses the impact of oil price on bond risk premiums issued by emerging economies. No empirical study has yet focussed on the effects of the oil price on government bond risk premiums. We develop

Boyer, Edmond

159

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, and M. D. Fayer* Department measured with ultrafast infrared pump-probe experiments. Non-hydrogen-bond donating OD stretches (2690 cm-1

Fayer, Michael D.

160

Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Financing (Delaware) Bond Financing (Delaware) Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Bond Program Provider Delaware Economic Development Office The Delaware Economic Development Authority provides tax-exempt bond financing for financial assistance to new or expanding businesses, governmental units and certain organizations that are exempt from federal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Bond Program Loan Program Provider Department of Finance and Administration The Bond and Loan programs of Arkansas are four programs designed to

162

Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Program (Iowa) Bond Program (Iowa) Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Funding Source Iowa Finance Authority State Iowa Program Type Bond Program Provider Iowa Finance Authority Through its Economic Development Bond Program, the Iowa Finance Authority (IFA) issues tax-exempt bonds on behalf of private entities or organizations for eligible purposes. The responsibility for repayment of the bonds rests with the applicant. Neither IFA nor the State of Iowa has

163

Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Missouri Program Type Bond Program Provider Missouri Development Finance Board The Missouri Development Finance Board administers a Single-Issue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bond Program as well as a Taxable Industrial Revenue Bond Program. The Tax-Exempt Program finances (i) the acquisition, construction and equipping of qualified manufacturing production facilities and/or equipment, and (ii) refinances outstanding tax-exempt bonds. It

164

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Institutional Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Bond Program Provider Ohio Air Quality Development Authority The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) administers the Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECB) program in Ohio. QECBs have been used by local governments and public universities to finance the installation of energy conserving equipment in publicly owned buildings. Under a QECB financing package, OAQDA authorizes Air Quality Development Bonds for issuance as a Series A federally tax-exempt bond and a Series B

165

Method for bonding a transmission line to a downhole tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for bonding a transmission line to the central bore of a downhole tool includes a pre-formed interface for bonding a transmission line to the inside diameter of a downhole tool. The pre-formed interface includes a first surface that substantially conforms to the outside contour of a transmission line and a second surface that substantially conforms to the inside diameter of a downhole tool. In another aspect of the invention, a method for bonding a transmission line to the inside diameter of a downhole tool includes positioning a transmission line near the inside wall of a downhole tool and placing a mold near the transmission line and the inside wall. The method further includes injecting a bonding material into the mold and curing the bonding material such that the bonding material bonds the transmission line to the inside wall.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ultrasonic evaluation of beryllium-copper diffusion bonds  

SciTech Connect

A study was performed to compare the effectiveness of several advanced ultrasonic techniques when used to determine the strength of diffusion bonded beryllium-copper, which heretofore have each been applied to only a few material systems. The use of integrated backscatter calculations, frequency domain reflection coefficients, and time-of-flight variance was compared in their ability to characterize the bond strength in a series of beryllium-copper diffusion bond samples having a wide variation in bond quality. Correlation of integrated backscatter calculations and time-of-flight variance with bond strength was good. Some correlation of the slope of the frequency based reflection coefficient was shown for medium and high strength bonds, while its Y-intercept showed moderate correlation for all bond strengths.

Jamieson, E.E.

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

167

Formation of bonds in a dispersed phase with clarification of a suspension by flocculants  

SciTech Connect

Consumption of polyacrylamide (PAA) flocculant during clarification of a suspension is governed by the size fraction composition of the solid phase and by the content of multivalent cations in the liquid medium. Reaction of PAA flocculants with solid particles and multivalent cations contained in the aqueous medium of a suspension occurs simultaneously and at a commensurate rate. In forming bridge bonds between solid particles during suspension clarification by means of PAA flocculants, individual molecules having a sufficient length in solution for this purpose.

Bimberekov, A.P.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Bond energy effects on strength, cooperativity and robustness of molecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...robustness at smaller bond energy lower strength at smaller bond energy bond spacing L 0 higher...biology of the cell. New York, NY: Taylor Francis...Cracks and fracture. New York, NY: Academic Press. Bond energy effects on strength...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Bond selective chemistry beyond the adiabatic approximation  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important challenges in chemistry is to develop predictive ability for the branching between energetically allowed chemical reaction pathways. Such predictive capability, coupled with a fundamental understanding of the important molecular interactions, is essential to the development and utilization of new fuels and the design of efficient combustion processes. Existing transition state and exact quantum theories successfully predict the branching between available product channels for systems in which each reaction coordinate can be adequately described by different paths along a single adiabatic potential energy surface. In particular, unimolecular dissociation following thermal, infrared multiphoton, or overtone excitation in the ground state yields a branching between energetically allowed product channels which can be successfully predicted by the application of statistical theories, i.e. the weakest bond breaks. (The predictions are particularly good for competing reactions in which when there is no saddle point along the reaction coordinates, as in simple bond fission reactions.) The predicted lack of bond selectivity results from the assumption of rapid internal vibrational energy redistribution and the implicit use of a single adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface for the reaction. However, the adiabatic approximation is not valid for the reaction of a wide variety of energetic materials and organic fuels; coupling between the electronic states of the reacting species play a a key role in determining the selectivity of the chemical reactions induced. The work described below investigated the central role played by coupling between electronic states in polyatomic molecules in determining the selective branching between energetically allowed fragmentation pathways in two key systems.

Butler, L.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Malba, Vincent (Livermore, CA); Riddle, Robert A. (Tracy, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Chlorite Dissolution Rates  

SciTech Connect

Spreadsheets provides measured chlorite rate data from 100 to 300C at elevated CO2. Spreadsheet includes derived rate equation.

Carroll, Susan

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Chlorite Dissolution Rates  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Spreadsheets provides measured chlorite rate data from 100 to 300C at elevated CO2. Spreadsheet includes derived rate equation.

Carroll, Susan

173

Hydrogen-bond driven loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains  

SciTech Connect

Characterization of the length dependence of end-to-end loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains provides an understanding of early steps in protein folding. Here, loop-closure in poly-glycine-serine peptides is investigated by combining single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy with molecular dynamics simulation. For chains containing more than 10 peptide bonds loop-closing rate constants on the 20-100 nanosecond time range exhibit a power-law length dependence. However, this scaling breaks down for shorter peptides, which exhibit slower kinetics arising from a perturbation induced by the dye reporter system used in the experimental setup. The loop-closure kinetics in the longer peptides is found to be determined by the formation of intra-peptide hydrogen bonds and transient beta-sheet structure, that accelerate the search for contacts among residues distant in sequence relative to the case of a polypeptide chain in which hydrogen bonds cannot form. Hydrogen-bond-driven polypeptide-chain collapse in unfolded peptides under physiological conditions found here is not only consistent with hierarchical models of protein folding, that highlights the importance of secondary structure formation early in the folding process, but is also shown to speed up the search for productive folding events.

Daidone, Isabella [University of Heidelberg; Neuweiler, H [University of Heidelberg; Doose, S [University of Heidelberg; Sauer, M [University of Heidelberg; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Fund (Ohio) Bond Fund (Ohio) The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial State/Provincial Govt Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $10 million Program Info Funding Source Ohio Treasurer of State Start Date 1988 State Ohio Program Type Bond Program The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (OEBF) was created in 1988 to promote economic development, create and retain quality jobs and assist governmental operations. The program enables non-profit and for-profit borrowers to access the national capital markets through bonds issued through OEBF. The program is administered by the Ohio Department of Development and financing is provided by the Ohio Treasurer of State.

175

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond results from the attractive dipolar interaction of a chemical group containing a hydrogen atom with a group containing an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine, in the same or a different molecule. Conventional wisdom has it that proton transfer from one molecule to another can only happen via hydrogen bonds. Recently, a team of Berkeley Lab and University of Southern California researchers, using the ALS, discovered to their surprise that in some cases, protons can find ways to transfer even when hydrogen bonds are blocked. Sometimes You Have to

176

Ultrasonic NDT of titanium diffusion bonding with guided waves  

SciTech Connect

An ultrasonic guided wave technique is developed for the NDT of diffusion bonded titanium-to-titanium structures. A three-layer model based on the normal beam experimental results has been proposed. Dispersion curves and wave structure are analyzed to direct the experimental study. Two features related to Lamb waves propagating in diffusion bonded titanium plates, the spectral peak to peak ratios and the wave mode frequency shift, are extracted from the guided wave experimental results for both 2 mm (0.08 in.) and 4 mm (0.16 in.) diffusion bond panels. It is found for some specific modes and frequencies that these two features are sensitive to the diffusion bonding states and, therefore, could be used to distinguish good bond panels from poor bond ones.

Rose, J.L.; Zhu, W. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics; Zaidi, M. [Boeing Co., Long Beach, CA (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond results from the attractive dipolar interaction of a chemical group containing a hydrogen atom with a group containing an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine, in the same or a different molecule. Conventional wisdom has it that proton transfer from one molecule to another can only happen via hydrogen bonds. Recently, a team of Berkeley Lab and University of Southern California researchers, using the ALS, discovered to their surprise that in some cases, protons can find ways to transfer even when hydrogen bonds are blocked. Sometimes You Have to

178

Bond formation at the Ni/ZrO2 interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the formation of strong chemical bonds at the Ni(100)/cubic-ZrO2(100) polar interfaces. Ab initio density functional theory calculations demonstrate that both Zr/Ni and O/Ni junctions are energetically stable, and predict that two different interactions determine the interface adhesion. Our results reveal that O-Ni ionic bonds are formed by Ni electron donation, while the Zr-Ni bonds show a mixed character with ionic and electron hybridization contributions.

J. I. Beltrn; S. Gallego; J. Cerd; J. S. Moya; M. C. Muoz

2003-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

Torsion Testing of Diffusion Bonded LIGA Formed Nickel  

SciTech Connect

A test technique has been devised which is suitable for the testing of the bond strength of batch diffusion bonded LIGA or DXRL defined structures. The method uses a torsion tester constructed with the aid of LIGA fabrication and distributed torsion specimens which also make use of the high aspect ratio nature of DXRL based processing. Measurements reveal achieved bond strengths of 130MPa between electroplated nickel with a bond temperature of 450 C at 7 ksi pressure which is a sufficiently low temperature to avoid mechanical strength degradation.

Buchheit, T.E.; Christenson, T.R.; Schmale, D.T.

1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

180

Shear strength of composite bonded to laser-pretreated dentin  

SciTech Connect

As research progresses, laser energy moves closer to acceptable usefulness. Laser application to prepare dentin creates a more retentive surface for composite bonding.

Cooper, L.F.; Myers, M.L.; Nelson, D.G.; Mowery, A.S.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding as a synthetic tool to induce...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding as a synthetic tool to induce chemical selectivity in acid catalyzed porphyrin synthesis Authors: Megiatto, J. D., Patterson, D., Sherman, B. D.,...

182

Hydrogen-Bond Networks: Strengths of Different Types of Hydrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energetic driving force for enzyme catalysis and conformational changes such as in protein folding due to multiple hydrogen bonds in a HBN. Citation: Shokri A, Y Wang, GA...

183

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

(DBA) Substrates Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

184

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Aluminum (DBA) Substrates Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

185

ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement ID:23278) 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

186

ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

187

Digital Bond Fact Sheet.cdr  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cost-shared effort between industry and cost-shared effort between industry and Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the Portaledge event detection capability for energy control systems Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the Portaledge event detection capability for energy control systems Cyber Security for Energy Delivery Systems Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Project Lead: Digital Bond Partners: OSIsoft Tenable Network Security PacifiCorp Tennessee Valley Authority Other Participating Vendors: ABB AREVA Emerson Matrikon SNC Telvent Bandolier and Portaledge The Concept Bandolier-The Approach By building configuration audit and attack detection capabilities into tools already

188

Wafer bonded epitaxial templates for silicon heterostructures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heterostructure device layer is epitaxially grown on a virtual substrate, such as an InP/InGaAs/InP double heterostructure. A device substrate and a handle substrate form the virtual substrate. The device substrate is bonded to the handle substrate and is composed of a material suitable for fabrication of optoelectronic devices. The handle substrate is composed of a material suitable for providing mechanical support. The mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates is improved and the device substrate is thinned to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. An upper portion of the device film exfoliated from the device substrate is removed to provide a smoother and less defect prone surface for an optoelectronic device. A heterostructure is epitaxially grown on the smoothed surface in which an optoelectronic device may be fabricated.

Atwater, Jr., Harry A. (So. Pasadena, CA); Zahler, James M. (Pasadena, CA); Morral, Anna Fontcubera I (Paris, FR)

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

189

Agency Datasets | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interest Rate Statistics - Daily Treasury Bills Rates (Current month) Interest Rate Statistics - Daily Treasury Bills Rates (Current month) Daily Treasury Bill Rates: These rates are the daily secondary market quotation on the most recently auctioned Treasury Bills for each maturity tranche (4-week, 13-week, 26-week, and 52-week) that Treasury currently issues new Bills. Market quotations are obtained at approximately 3:30 PM each business day by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The Bank Discount rate is the rate at which a Bill is quoted in the secondary market and is based on the par value, amount of the discount and a 360-day year. The Coupon Equivalent, also called the Bond Equivalent, or the Investment Yield, is the bill's yield based on the purchase price, discount, and a 365- or 366-day year. The Coupon Equivalent can be used to compare the yield on a discount bill to the yield on a nominal coupon bond that pays semiannual interest.

190

Method of bonding single crystal quartz by field-assisted bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The method of producing a hermetic stable structural bond between quartz crystals includes providing first and second quartz crystals and depositing thin films of borosilicate glass and silicon on portions of the first and second crystals, respectively. The portions of the first and second crystals are then juxtaposed in a surface contact relationship and heated to a temperature for a period sufficient to cause the glass and silicon films to become electrically conductive. An electrical potential is then applied across the first and second crystals for creating an electrostatic field between the adjoining surfaces and causing the juxtaposed portions to be attracted into an intimate contact and form a bond for joining the adjoining surfaces of the crystals.

Curlee, Richard M. (Tijeras, NM); Tuthill, Clinton D. (Edgewood, NM); Watkins, Randall D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Metal-on-Metal Bonding and Rebonding Revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density-functional calculations for a wide variety of metals show that, contrary to rebonding theory, ad-dimers do not have notably longer surface bonds than adatoms, do not reside farther above the surface, and do not meet the rebonding arguments for augmented mobility. Rebonding contributes to destabilize ad-dimers, but does not explain inherently weak ad-dimer bonds.

Alexander Bogicevic

1999-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

192

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) < Back Eligibility Local Government Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 09/01/2010 (New CREBs Electric Cooperatives Solicitation) Expiration Date 11/01/2010 Program Type Federal Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service '''''Note: The IRS is not currently accepting applications for New CREB bond volume. The deadline for New CREB applications from electric cooperatives under IRS Announcement 2010-54 expired November 1, 2010. Bond volume for other eligible sectors (government entities and public power providers) was fully allocated in October 2009.

193

Renewable Energy Project Bond Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Bond Program Project Bond Program Renewable Energy Project Bond Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type State Bond Program Provider Idaho Energy Resources Authority Legislation enacted in Idaho in April 2005 ([http://legislature.idaho.gov/legislation/2005/S1192.html Senate Bill 1192]) allows independent (non-utility) developers of renewable energy projects in the state to request financing from the Idaho Energy Resources Authority, a state bonding authority created in March 2005 by the Environment, Energy and Technology Energy Resources Authority Act (House Bill 106). The authority was created to finance the construction of

194

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

195

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

196

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

197

Measuring Electrostatic Fields in Both Hydrogen-Bonding and Non-Hydrogen-Bonding Environments Using Carbonyl Vibrational Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the probe's difference dipole, which is determined by measuring the vibrational Stark effect and definesMeasuring Electrostatic Fields in Both Hydrogen-Bonding and Non- Hydrogen-Bonding Environments Using Carbonyl Vibrational Probes Stephen D. Fried, Sayan Bagchi, and Steven G. Boxer* Department

Boxer, Steven G.

198

rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

rates rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

199

STABILIZING GLASS BONDED WASTE FORMS CONTAINING FISSION PRODUCTS SEPARATED FROM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL  

SciTech Connect

A model has been developed to represent the stresses developed when a molten, glass-bonded brittle cylinder (used to store nuclear material) is cooled from high temperature to working temperature. Large diameter solid cylinders are formed by heating glass or glass-bonded mixtures (mixed with nuclear waste) to high temperature (915C). These cylinders must be cooled as the final step in preparing them for storage. Fast cooling time is desirable for production; however, if cooling is too fast, the cylinder can crack into many pieces. To demonstrate the capability of the model, cooling rate cracking data were obtained on small diameter (7.8 cm diameter) glass-only cylinders. The model and experimental data were combined to determine the critical cooling rate which separates the non-cracking stable glass region from the cracked, non-stable glass regime. Although the data have been obtained so far only on small glass-only cylinders, the data and model were used to extrapolate the critical-cooling rates for large diameter ceramic waste form (CWF) cylinders. The extrapolation estimates long term cooling requirements. While a 52-cm diameter cylinder (EBR-II-waste size) can be cooled to 100C in 70 hours without cracking, a 181.5-cm diameter cylinder (LWR waste size) requires 35 days to cool to 100C. These cooling times are long enough that verification of these estimates are required so additional experiments are planned on both glass only and CWF material.

Kenneth J. Bateman; Charles W. Solbrig

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Metal-and hydrogen-bonding competition during water absorption on Pd(111) and Ru(0001)  

SciTech Connect

The initial stages of water adsorption on the Pd(111) and Ru(0001) surfaces have been investigated experimentally by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy in the temperature range between 40 K and 130 K, and theoretically with Density Functional Theory (DFT) total energy calculations and STM image simulations. Below 125 K water dissociation does not occur at any appreciable rate and only molecular films are formed. Film growth starts by the formation of flat hexamer clusters where the molecules bind to the metal substrate through the O-lone pair while making H-bonds with neighboring molecules. As coverage increases, larger networks of linked hexagons are formed with a honeycomb structure, which requires a fraction of the water molecules to have their molecular plane perpendicular to the metal surface with reduced water-metal interaction. Energy minimization favors the growth of networks with limited width. As additional water molecules adsorb on the surface they attach to the periphery of existing islands, where they interact only weakly with the metal substrate. These molecules hop along the periphery of the clusters at intermediate temperatures. At higher temperatures they bind to the metal to continue the honeycomb growth. The water-Ru interaction is significantly stronger than the water-Pd interaction, which is consistent with the greater degree of hydrogen-bonded network formation and reduced water-metal bonding observed on Pd relative to Ru.

Tatarkhanov, Mouslim; Ogletree, D. Frank; Rose, Franck; Mitsui, Toshiyuki; Fomin, Evgeny; Rose, Mark; Cerda, Jorge I.; Salmeron, Miquel

2009-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesively bonded lap Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The lap-shear strengths of adhesively bonded polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE... bonded in a lap-shear geometry. The bonded area of adhesion was nominally...

202

Hydrogen Bond Dynamics Probed with Ultrafast Infrared Heterodyne-Detected Multidimensional Vibrational Stimulated Echoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Dynamics Probed with Ultrafast Infrared Heterodyne-Detected Multidimensional, USA (Received 24 February 2003; published 3 December 2003) Hydrogen bond dynamics are explicated hydrogen bonded network are measured with ultrashort (

Fayer, Michael D.

203

Hydrogen-Bond Networks: Strengths of Different Types of Hydrogen Bonds and An Alternative to the Low Barrier Hydrogen-Bond Proposal  

SciTech Connect

We report quantifying the strengths of different types of hydrogen bonds in hydrogen bond networks (HBNs) via measurement of the adiabatic electron detachment energy of the conjugate base of a small covalent polyol model compound (i.e., (HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH2)2CHOH) in the gas phase and the pKa of the corresponding acid in DMSO. The latter result reveals that the hydrogen bonds to the charged center and those that are one solvation shell further away (i.e., primary and secondary) provide 5.3 and 2.5 pKa units of stabilization per hydrogen bond in DMSO. Computations indicate that these energies increase to 8.4 and 3.9 pKa units in benzene and that the total stabilizations are 16 (DMSO) and 25 (benzene) pKa units. Calculations on a larger linear heptaol (i.e., (HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH2CH(OH)CH2)2CHOH) reveal that the terminal hydroxyl groups each contribute 0.6 pKa units of stabilization in DMSO and 1.1 pKa units in benzene. All of these results taken together indicate that the presence of a charged center can provide a powerful energetic driving force for enzyme catalysis and conformational changes such as in protein folding due to multiple hydrogen bonds in a HBN.

Shokri, Alireza; Wang, Yanping; O'Doherty, George A.; Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

204

Department of the Treasury Notice 1392  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-4 Instructions for Nonresident Aliens Nonresident aliens must follow special instructions when com- Nonresident aliens may be exempt from wage withholdingpensation for dependent personal services includes a nonresident alien? If so, these special Compensation for Independent (and Certain Dependent) Personal Services

205

Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E F Child Tax Credit (including additional child tax credit). See Pub. 972, Child Tax Credit deferred compensation. Use Form W-4P to tell payers the correct amount of federal income tax to withhold from your payment(s). You also may use Form W-4P to choose (a) not to have any federal income tax

Subramanian, Venkat

206

Semi-flexible hydrogen-bonded and non-hydrogen bonded lattice polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the addition of stiffness to the lattice model of hydrogen-bonded polymers in two and three dimensions. We find that, in contrast to polymers that interact via a homogeneous short-range interaction, the collapse transition is unchanged by any amount of stiffness: this supports the physical argument that hydrogen bonding already introduces an effective stiffness. Contrary to possible physical arguments, favouring bends in the polymer does not return the model's behaviour to that comparable to the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model, where the canonical $\\theta$-point occurs for a range of parameter values. In fact, for sufficiently large bending energies the crystal phase disappears altogether, and no phase transition of any type occurs. We also compare the order-disorder transition from the globule phase to crystalline phase in the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model to that for the fully-flexible hybrid model with both hydrogen and non-hydrogen like interactions. We show that these phase transitions are of the same type and are a novel polymer critical phenomena in two dimensions. That is, it is confirmed that in two dimensions this transition is second-order, unlike in three dimensions where it is known to be first order. We also estimate the crossover exponent and show that there is a divergent specific heat, finding $\\phi=0.7(1)$ or equivalently $\\alpha=0.6(2)$. This is therefore different from the $\\theta$ transition, for which $\\alpha=-1/3$.

J Krawczyk; AL Owczarek; T Prellberg

2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

207

Cost Analysis Rate Settin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost Analysis and Rate Settin for Animal Research Facilities #12;#12;Cost Analysis and Rate ... .. . ...................... . . . ................................. . .... 7 Chapter 2 Preparation for Cost Analysis ......................................................... 9 Chapter 3 Assignment of Costs to Animal Research Facility Cost Centers

Baker, Chris I.

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesive bond strength Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The lap-shear strengths of adhesively bonded polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE... 12;strength of the substrate, or the adhesive strength of the bond 9....

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects durably bonding Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

adhesive layers are less affected, creep behavior of adhesively bonded joints... ABSTRACT SMITH, GLEN. Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of Adhesives for ... Source:...

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern Page:...

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - amide bonds stabilize Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Amide-Amide and Amide-Water Hydrogen Bonds Summary: Bonds: Implicationsfor Protein Folding and Stability Eric S.Eberhardt and Ronald T. Rained Department... folds, many of...

212

Laser surface roughening of PTFE for increased bonding strength  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Treatment of pure Teflon (PTFE) with UV laser pulses (193nm) produces area-selective rough surfaces. These irradiated areas are bondable with ordinary adhesives. The stability of the bonds is about one order ...

M. Rauh; J. Ihlemann; A. Koch

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Ultrafast structural fluctuations and rearrangements of water's hydrogen bonded network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aqueous chemistry is strongly influenced by water's ability to form an extended network of hydrogen bonds. It is the fluctuations and rearrangements of this network that stabilize reaction products and drive the transport ...

Loparo, Joseph J. (Joseph John)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Economic Significance, Survey of Applications, and Six Bonding Functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following remarks will review the uses of phenolic resins and their distribution throughout the various areas of application, making reference to the six bonding functions that phenolic resins mainly ass...

Dr. Arno Gardziella; Dr. Louis A. Pilato; Dr. Andre Knop

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Bond resonance energy and verification of the isolated pentagon rule  

SciTech Connect

The isolated pentagon rule (IPR) states that fullerenes with isolated pentagons are kinetically much more stable than their fused pentagon counterparts. This rule can be verified in terms of a graph-theoretically defined bond resonance energy. In general, a {pi} bond shared by two pentagons has a large negative bond resonance energy, thus contributing significantly to the increase in kinetic instability or chemical reactivity of the molecule. The existence of such highly antiaromatic local structures sharply distinguishes IPR-violating fullerenes from isolated-pentagon isomers. {pi}bonds shared by two pentagons are shared by many antiaromatic conjugated circuits but not by relatively small aromatic conjugated circuits. 39 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Aihara, Jun Ichi [Shizuoka Univ. (Japan)

1995-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

216

Surface Modification by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Improved Bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prepared using (a) the IPA wipe (control), (b) sanding, (c)of aluminum alloy 2024: a) IPA wiped, b) sanded with 180bond primer with a) the IPA wipe (control), b) sanding, c)

Williams, Thomas Scott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Contains information from the TAP Webcast on June 24, 2009 on clean renewable energy bonds from Claire Kreycik on feed-in tariffs, an economic resource for developing renewable energy.

218

Nature of Bridging Bonds in Lithium and Potassium Acetate Dimers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structures of lithium and potassium acetates were studied by the RHF/6-31G*...3COOLi)2 and (CH3COOK)2 are electrostatic in nature. The bridging lithium bond is intermediate between hydrogen and ionic, ... of ...

I. A. Panteleev; S. G. Semenov; D. N. Glebovskii

219

Mpemba paradox: Hydrogen bond memory and water-skin supersolidity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical reproduction of measurements, experimental evidence for skin super-solidity and hydrogen-bond memory clarified that Mpemba paradox integrates the heat emission-conduction-dissipation dynamics in the source-path-drain cycle system.

Chang Q Sun

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

220

Conservation of bond lengths in strained Ge-Si layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combined techniques of x-ray-absorption fine structure and x-ray diffraction have been used to study the strain and bond distortions in epitaxial Ge-Si on Si(001). In a 31% Ge, 340- pseudomorphic Ge-Si film, the Ge-Ge and Ge-Si first-neighbor bond lengths have been found to be 2.440.02 and 2.380.02 , respectively. The lattice parameter perpendicular to the Ge-Si/Si(001) interface has been found to be a?=5.5520.002 , in agreement with the predictions of macroscopic elastic theory. These results show that the bond-length strain in the epitaxial layer appears in the second and higher coordination shells, rather than in the nearest-neighbor bond lengths, which remain the same as in unstrained Ge-Si. A microscopic model is presented that accounts for these findings.

J. C. Woicik; C. E. Bouldin; M. I. Bell; J. O. Cross; D. J. Tweet; B. D. Swanson; T. M. Zhang; L. B. Sorensen; C. A. King; J. L. Hoyt; P. Pianetta; J. F. Gibbons

1991-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This...

222

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, M. L. Santella, and G. Muralidharan Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) This presentation does not...

223

Application of Social Impact Bonds in Built Infrastructure Sustainability Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines a first look at the implementation of Social Impact Bonds (SIB) for sustainability projects by comparing two cases. The cases are described using System Dynamic (SD) modeling to portray the feedback structures and characteristics...

White, Robert Joseph

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD Andreja Kutnar* Graduate Student Department of Wood Science and Technology Biotechnical Faculty University of Ljubljana 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia Frederick A. Kamke Professor John A. Nairn Professor Department of Wood Science

Nairn, John A.

225

Bonded Bracket Assmebly for Frameless Solar Panels  

SciTech Connect

In February 2011 the US Department of Energy announced their new Sunshot Initiative. The Sunshot goal is to reduce the total cost of solar energy systems by about 75 percent before the end of the decade. The DOE estimated that a total installed cost of $1 per watt for photovoltaic systems would be equivalent to 6???¢/kilowatt hour (kWh) for energy available from the grid. The DOE also estimated that to meet the $1 per watt goal, PV module costs would need to be reduced to $.50 per watt, balance of systems costs would need to be reduced to $.40 per watt, and power electronic costs would need to reach $.10 per watt. To address the BOS balance of systems cost component of the $1 per watt goal, the DOE announced a funding opportunity called (BOS-X) Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reductions. The DOE identified eight areas within the total BOS costs: 1) installation labor, 2) installation materials, 3) installation overhead and profit, 4) tracker, 5) permitting and commissioning, 6) site preparation, 7) land acquisition, 8) sales tax. The BOS-X funding announcement requested applications in four specific topics: Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules Topic 2: Roof and Ground Mount Innovations Topic 3: Transformational Photovoltaic System Designs Topic 4: Development of New Wind Load Codes for PV Systems The application submitted by ARaymond Tinnerman reflected the requirements listed in Topic #2, Roof and Ground Mount Innovations. The goal of topic #2 was to develop technologies that would result in the extreme reduction of material and labor costs associated with applications that require physical connections and attachments to roof and ground mount structures. The topics researched in this project included component cost reduction, labor reduction, weight reduction, wiring innovations, and alternative material utilization. The project objectives included: 1) The development of an innovative quick snap bracket assembly that would be bonded to frameless PV modules for commercial rooftop installations. 2) The development of a composite pultruded rail to replace traditional racking materials. 3) In partnership with a roofing company, pilot the certification of a commercial roof to be solar panel compliant, eliminating the need for structural analysis and government oversight resulting in significantly decreased permitting costs. 4) Reduce the sum of all cost impacts in topic #2 from a baseline total of $2.05/watt to $.34/watt.

Murray, Todd

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

226

New Bond Helps Toledo, Ohio, Expand Financing Pool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The BetterBuildings Northwest Ohio (BBNWO) Program, in conjunction with the Toledo Ohio Advanced Energy Improvement Corporationa pioneering Energy Special Improvement District in Ohio that allows energy efficiency improvements to be funded and paid for through property special assessmentshas received a second bond from the Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority. This bond is in the amount of $6,435,000.

227

Bond Distortions in Armchair Type Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy band gap structure and stability of (3,3) and (10,10) nanotubes have been comparatively investigated in the frameworks of the traditional form of the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model and a toy model including the contributions of bonds of different types to the SSH Hamiltonian differently. Both models give the same energy band gap structure but bond length distortions in different characters for the nanotubes.

N. Sunel; E. Rizaoglu; K. Harigaya; O. Ozsoy

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

228

Method of making sintered ductile intermetallic-bonded ceramic composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making an intermetallic-bonded ceramic composite involves combining a particulate brittle intermetallic precursor with a particulate reactant metal and a particulate ceramic to form a mixture and heating the mixture in a non-oxidizing atmosphere at a sufficient temperature and for a sufficient time to react the brittle intermetallic precursor and the reactant metal to form a ductile intermetallic and sinter the mixture to form a ductile intermetallic-bonded ceramic composite. 2 figs.

Plucknett, K.; Tiegs, T.N.; Becher, P.F.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

229

BN Bonded BN fiber article and method of manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boron nitride bonded boron nitride fiber article and the method for its manufacture which comprises forming a shaped article with a composition comprising a bonding compound selected from boron oxide and boric acid and a structural fiber selected from the group consisting of boron oxide, boron nitride and partially nitrided boron oxide fibers, heating the composition in an anhydrous gas to a temperature above the melting point of the compound and nitriding the resulting article in ammonia gas.

Hamilton, Robert S. (Youngstown, NY)

1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

230

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Wednesday, 28 September 2005 00:00 We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

231

Transient liquid phase bonding of structural intermetallic compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intermetallic compound NiAl is a candidate material for high-temperature structural applications, for example in the hot-zone of aero gas turbine engines. However, if this material is to find significant structural applications, methodologies for primary fabrication of complex components and post-service repair will be required. In particular, joining technologies suitable for bonding NiAl to nickel-base alloys are required. This paper examines transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding as a method of joining NiAl to nickel-base alloys. The focus of the paper is microstructural development at the bond-line and in the adjacent (nickel-base and NiAl) substrates. Two different interlayer materials are considered in this paper, namely: Ni 4.5 wt.% Si 3.2 wt.%B (designated by the American Welding Society as 'BNi-3') and commercially pure copper. Bonds between binary, nominally-stoichiometric NiAl and both commercially pure nickel and Martin Marietta 247 are examined using edge-on transmission electron microscopy. The paper considers the character of the isothermal solidification process, the formation of second-phases at the bond-line and in the adjacent substrates and the extent to which NiAl-Ni-base alloy TLP bonds obey the assumptions implicit in standard models of the TLP process.

W.F. Gale; Y. Guan; S.V. Orel

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Theory of bonding of transition metals to nontransition metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theory of the chemical bond in compounds consisting of both transition metals and nontransition metals. Chemical trends in the bonding properties are established by directly comparing the total energies of a large number of such compounds with the total energies of their constituents. These chemical trends are analyzed in terms of the s-, p-, and d-like state densities of the compounds and the constituents. Rather different types of bonding are shown to result when the atomic s and p levels of the nontransition metal lie above, below, and near the energy of the transition-metal d level. The heat of compound formation is shown to result from a competition between two simple physical effects: (1) the weakening of the transition-metal bonds by the lattice dilatation required for the accommodation of the nontransition metal, and (2) the increased bonding which results from the occupation of the bonding members of the hybrid states formed from the interaction between the transition-metal d states and the s-p states on the nontransition metal. Our theoretical values for the heats of formation of these compounds are generally similar to those given by Miedema's empirical formula. Distinctive aspects of the variation of the heat of formation with the number of valence electrons reveal, however, that the microscopic picture on which the empirical formula is based is quite different from that given by our self-consistent energy-band theory.

C. D. Gelatt; Jr.; A. R. Williams; V. L. Moruzzi

1983-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

About the Ratings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Ratings Changes 2008 Ratings Changes EPA's "New" Fuel Economy Ratings Video about EPA's New Fuel Economy Ratings Windows Media Video (6.8 MB) Quicktime Video (7.8 MB) Text Version EPA changed the way it estimates fuel economy starting with the 2008 model year. This "new" way of estimating fuel economy supplements the previous method by incorporating the effects of Faster speeds and acceleration Air conditioner use Colder outside temperatures What else do I need to know about the "new" ratings? The tests lower MPG estimates for most vehicles. View old/new MPG ratings for a specific vehicle The actual mileage you get will still vary based on your driving habits, traffic conditions, and other factors. All MPG estimates in Find-a-Car have been converted to the new

234

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fiscal Year 2014 Fiscal Year 2014 Effective Rate Period As of Beginning of the FY 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement $73,441,557 CV-F13 Base Resource Revenue Requirement $69,585,875 First Preference Revenue Requirement $3,855,682

235

LCC Guidance Rates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Notepad text file provides the LCC guidance rates in a numbered format for the various regions throughout the U.S.

236

Draft Tiered Rate Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

year's weather and other specific factors are removed from the loads of irrigated agriculture. ( ) "Irrigation Rate Mitigation" means the form of a discount by BPA to...

237

Heart Rate Artifact Suppression.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Motion artifact strongly corrupts heart rate measurements in current pulse oximetry systems. In many, almost any motion will greatly diminish the systems ability to extract (more)

Dickson, Christopher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Residential Solar Valuation Rates  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Residential Solar Valuation Rates Karl R. Rbago Rbago Energy LLC 1 The Ideal Residential Solar Tariff Fair to the utility and non-solar customers Fair compensation to...

239

PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ST-263-1 PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL R the bond characteristics of Micro-composite Multi-structural Formable reinforcing steel rebars of the current equation of the ACI 318-02 Code on bond to predict the bond capacity of the MMFX steel rebars

240

A new hydrogen-bonding potential for the design of proteinRNA interactions predicts specific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new hydrogen-bonding potential for the design of protein­RNA interactions predicts specific-dependent hydrogen-bonding potential based on the statistical analysis of hydrogen-bonding geometries of hydrogen-bonding atom pairs at protein­ nucleic acid interfaces. A scoring function based on the hydrogen

Baker, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Hydrogen Bond Migration between Molecular Sites Observed with Ultrafast 2D IR Chemical Exchange Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Migration between Molecular Sites Observed with Ultrafast 2D IR Chemical ExchangeVed: January 12, 2010 Hydrogen-bonded complexes between phenol and phenylacetylene are studied using ultrafast hydrogen bonding acceptor sites (phenyl or acetylene) that compete for hydrogen bond donors in solution

Fayer, Michael D.

242

The C OH O hydrogen bond: A determinant of stability and specificity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recovered by hydro- gen bond formation, so hydrogen bonds provide a small or even unfavorable net energy hydro- gen bond has been unclear and its interaction energy has been believed to be small. Recently that apparent carbon hydro- gen bonds cluster frequently at glycine-, serine-, and threonine-rich packing

Senes, Alessandro

243

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... ACS MEMBER RATES "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical held designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2000-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

244

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... ACS MEMBER RATES "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1997-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

245

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

246

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

247

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

248

From an insulating to a superfluid pair-bond liquid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study an exchange coupled system of itinerant electrons and localized fermion pairs resulting in a resonant pairing formation. This system inherently contains resonating fermion pairs on bonds that lead to a superconducting phase, provided that long-range phase coherence between their constituents can be established. The prerequisite is that the resonating fermion pairs can become itinerant. This is rendered possible through the emergence of two kinds of bond fermions: individual and composite fermions made of one individual electron attached to a bound pair on a bond. If the strength of the exchange coupling exceeds a certain value, then the superconducting ground state undergoes a quantum phase transition into an insulating pair-bond liquid state. The gap of the superfluid phase thereby goes over continuously into a charge gap of the insulator. The changeover from the superconducting to the insulating phase is accompanied by a corresponding qualitative modification of the dispersion of the two kinds of fermionic excitations. Using a bond operator formalism, we derive the phase diagram of such a scenario together with the elementary excitations characterizing the various phases as a function of the exchange coupling and the temperature.

M. Cuoco and J. Ranninger

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

New Insights into Hydrogen Bonding and Stacking Interactions in Cellulose  

SciTech Connect

In this quantum chemical study, we explore hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) and stacking interactions in different crystalline cellulose allomorphs, namely cellulose I and cellulose IIII. We consider a model system representing a cellulose crystalline core, made from six cellobiose units arranged in three layers with two chains per layer. We calculate the contributions of intrasheet and intersheet interactions to the structure and stability in both cellulose I and cellulose IIII crystalline cores. Reference structures for this study were generated from molecular dynamics simulations of water-solvated cellulose I and IIII fibrils. A systematic analysis of various conformations describing different mutual orientations of cellobiose units is performed using the hybrid density functional theory (DFT) with the M06-2X with 6-31+G (d, p) basis sets. We dissect the nature of the forces that stabilize the cellulose I and cellulose IIII crystalline cores and quantify the relative strength of H-bonding and stacking interactions. Our calculations demonstrate that individual H-bonding interactions are stronger in cellulose I than in cellulose IIII. We also observe a significant contribution from cooperative stacking interactions to the stabilization of cellulose I . In addition, the theory of atoms-in-molecules (AIM) has been employed to characterize and quantify these intermolecular interactions. AIM analyses highlight the role of nonconventional CH O H-bonding in the cellulose assemblies. Finally, we calculate molecular electrostatic potential maps for the cellulose allomorphs that capture the differences in chemical reactivity of the systems considered in our study.

Langan, Paul [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Analytic bond-order potential for the gallium arsenide system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytic, bond-order potential (BOP) is proposed and parametrized for the gallium arsenide system. The potential addresses primary (?) and secondary (?) bonding and the valence-dependent character of heteroatomic bonding, and it can be combined with an electron counting potential to address the distribution of electrons on the GaAs surface. The potential was derived from a tight-binding description of covalent bonding by retaining the first two levels of an expanded Greens function for the ? and ? bond-order terms. Predictions using the potential were compared with independent estimates for the structures and binding energy of small clusters (dimers, trimers, and tetramers) and for various bulk lattices with coordinations varying from 4 to 12. The structure and energies of simple point defects and melting transitions were also investigated. The relative stabilities of the (001) surface reconstructions of GaAs were well predicted, especially under high-arsenic-overpressure conditions. The structural and binding energy trends of this GaAs BOP generally match experimental observations and ab initio calculations.

D. A. Murdick; X. W. Zhou; H. N. G. Wadley; D. Nguyen-Manh; R. Drautz; D. G. Pettifor

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

251

Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Unlimited but generally should not exceed 20% of the asset needs of the company's Gerogia location. Program Info State Georgia Program Type Bond Program Loan Program Provider Georgia Department of Community Affairs The Strategic Industries Loan Fund (SILF) is a program offered by the

252

Students' Interdisciplinary Reasoning about "High-Energy Bonds" and ATP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Students' sometimes contradictory ideas about ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and the nature of chemical bonds have been studied in the biology and chemistry education literatures, but these topics are rarely part of the introductory physics curriculum. We present qualitative data from an introductory physics course for undergraduate biology majors that seeks to build greater interdisciplinary coherence and therefore includes these topics. In these data, students grapple with the apparent contradiction between the energy released when the phosphate bond in ATP is broken and the idea that an energy input is required to break a bond. We see that students' perceptions of how each scientific discipline bounds the system of interest can influence how they justify their reasoning about a topic that crosses disciplines. This has consequences for a vision of interdisciplinary education that respects disciplinary perspectives while bringing them into interaction in ways that demonstrate consistency amongst the perspectiv...

Dreyfus, Benjamin W; Sawtelle, Vashti; Svoboda, Julia; Turpen, Chandra; Redish, Edward F

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates.

Sastri, Suri A. (Lexington, MA); Pemsler, J. Paul (Lexington, MA); Cooke, Richard A. (Framingham, MA); Litchfield, John K. (Bedford, MA); Smith, Mark B. (Ipswich, MA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates. 2 figs.

Sastri, S.A.; Pemsler, J.P.; Cooke, R.A.; Litchfield, J.K.; Smith, M.B.

1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

255

Reduction of Thermal Conductivity in Wafer-Bonded Silicon  

SciTech Connect

Blocks of silicon up to 3-mm thick have been formed by directly bonding stacks of thin wafer chips. These stacks showed significant reductions in the thermal conductivity in the bonding direction. In each sample, the wafer chips were obtained by polishing a commercial wafer to as thin as 36 {micro}m, followed by dicing. Stacks whose starting wafers were patterned with shallow dots showed greater reductions in thermal conductivity. Diluted-HF treatment of wafer chips prior to bonding led to the largest reduction of the effective thermal conductivity, by approximately a factor of 50. Theoretical modeling based on restricted conduction through the contacting dots and some conduction across the planar nanometer air gaps yielded fair agreement for samples fabricated without the HF treatment.

ZL Liau; LR Danielson; PM Fourspring; L Hu; G Chen; GW Turner

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

256

Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 January 1, 2008 In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS SEC. 1072. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. (a) In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. "(a) Definitions.-In this section: "(1) Controlled substance.-The term `controlled substance' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C.

257

2007-2009 Power Rate Adjustments (pbl/rates)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Function Review (PFR) Firstgov FY 2007 2009 Power Rate Adjustments BPA's 2007-2009 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions (GRSPs) took effect on...

258

Water molecules insert into N-HCl-M hydrogen bonds while M-ClX-C halogen bonds remain intact in dihydrates of halopyridinium hexachloroplatinates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystals of the dihydrates of three halopyridinium hexachloroplatinate salts form networks that are propagated via N-HO and O-HCl-Pt hydrogen bonds and Pt-ClX-C halogen bonds. The water molecules can be considered to have been inserted into N-HCl-Pt hydrogen bonds anticipated in the anyhdrous form of such salts.

Zordan, F.

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hydrogen Bonds in Crystals. X. The Isotope Effect and Thermal Expansion of Non-Co-Operative Hydrogen Bonds in Furoic Acid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

24 April 1956 research-article Hydrogen Bonds in Crystals. X. The Isotope Effect...Thermal Expansion of Non-Co-Operative Hydrogen Bonds in Furoic Acid J. McC. Pollock...Ubbelohde Ida Woodward Thermal effects in the hydrogen bonds in crystalline furoic acid have...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

Goddard III, William A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

High- and low-temperature bonding techniques for microstructures  

SciTech Connect

The ability to bond together two or more silicon wafers greatly expands the variety and complexity of silicon microstructures that can be designed and fabricated. At LLNL, microstructures have been used for many years as hardware in scientific experiments. The activity has recently been expanded into other areas to include microinstruments for biomedical applications and for chemical analysis. Both high temperature (1100{degrees}C) bonding techniques have been used, depending on the application. This paper discusses these applications with emphasis on the most extensive which is the fabrication of microchannel coolers for diode arrays.

Ciarlo, D.R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

262

OpenEI - rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

263

Water Rate Escalations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Federal agencies need accurate water cost escalation rates to perform life cycle cost analyses for water efficiency projects to meet Executive Order 13514 and Energy Independence and Security Act...

264

Before a Rate Case  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is made up of two processes. The first part of the IBR is the Integrated Program Review (IPR), which will address proposed program costs prior to their inclusion in a rate case,...

265

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted "advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202. ...

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Tiered Rate Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Period limit. This 23 exception is limited for the duration of this TRM to the first ten requesting utilities that 24 BP-12-A-03 Section 4 Page 46 meet the size threshold and...

267

Stocking Rate Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to predict potential forage shortfalls, determine the im- pact of the decision on finances and other ranch re- sources, and make any necessary adjustments before the forage resource is harmed or financial problems occur. Through adequate planning and periodic... rates with limited knowledge of future forage and market conditions. But they can use past records, experience and range surveys to make realistic projections of forage and market conditions (Figure 3). Then, the planned stock- ing rate should...

White, Larry D.; McGinty, Allan

1999-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

On Thermonuclear Reaction Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear reactions govern major aspects of the chemical evolution od galaxies and stars. Analytic study of the reaction rates and reaction probability integrals is attempted here. Exact expressions for the reaction rates and reaction probability integrals for nuclear reactions in the case of nonresonant, modified nonresonant, screened nonresonant and resonant cases are given. These are expressed in terms of H-functions, G-functions and in computable series forms. Computational aspects are also discussed.

H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

1996-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

269

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Name: Shakti Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: TX Country: USA Date: Summer 2010 Question: What is the best way to find a cat's heart rate using a stethoscope? Because I have tried to hear their heart beat but their purring is all I can hear. If I shouldn't use a stethoscope, then what should I use? Replies: Hi Shakti! If you want to use a stethoscope, the trick is to get your cat to stop purring. Two good ways that I have found to help stop the purring 1. Cover their nose (generally cats don't like this and will stop purring) or 2. Put on the tap to drip or lightly stream water (also, they generally don't like this and will stop purring). Alternatively, you can get their heart rate from feeling their pulse. A good place to try to feel a pulse is right where the leg attaches to the abdomen - in an area called the inguinal region. Now granted there are some heart conditions that will cause an animals pulse and their heart rates don't match up, and it's hard to feel if you have a fat cat, but it's a good place to try if you are really trying to get a heart rate in a healthy kitty!

270

October 2001 - September 2006 Wholesale Power Rates (rates/previous...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2001 - September 2006 The 2002 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules (base rates) for the FY 2002-2006 rate period were originally established in May 2000 during the WP-02 Rate...

271

Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids with small bond angles: Effects of steric hindrance and ring formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we develop a thermodynamic perturbation theory for two site associating fluids which exhibit bond cooperativity. We include both steric hindrance and ring formation such that the equation of state is bond angle dependent. Here the bond angle is the angle separating the centers of the two association sites. As a test, new Monte Carlo simulations are performed, and the theory is found to accurately predict the internal energy as well as the distribution of associated clusters as a function of bond angle and bond cooperativity.

B. D. Marshall; Amin Haghmoradi; W. G. Chapman

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

272

Vibrational Density of States of Strongly H-Bonded Interfacial Water: Insights from Inelastic Neutron Scattering and Theory  

SciTech Connect

The vibrational dynamics of water and OH sorbed on SnO2 nanoparticles were probed with inelastic neutron scattering and analyzed with the assistance of ab-initio molecular dynamics. The combined analysis points to the existence of very strong hydrogen bonds at the surface with a formation enthalpy twice the average value for liquid water. This unusually large interaction results in (i) decoupling of the hydrated surface from the water system due to an epitaxially-induced screening layer, resulting in an apparent ice-like INS signal at multilayer coverage, (ii) splitting of OH wagging modes that can be used as an experimental indication of the strength of the surface hydrogen bonds, and (iii) high proton exchange rates and high degree of water dissociation at the interface. Our analysis provides general guidance into the tuning of surface hydrophobicity at the molecular level.

Wang, Hsiu-Wen [ORNL; Dellostritto, Mark J [ORNL; Kumar, Nitin [ORNL; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Kent, Paul R [ORNL; Kubicki, James D. [Pennsylvania State University; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Sofo, Jorge O. [Pennsylvania State University

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Mild Catalytic methods for Alkyl-Alkyl Bond Formation  

SciTech Connect

Overview of Research Goals and Accomplishments for the Period 07/01/06 06/30/07: Our overall research goal is to transform the rapidly emerging synthetic chemistry involving alkyl-alkyl cross-couplings into more of a mechanism-based field so that that new, rationally-designed catalysts can be performed under energy efficient conditions. Our specific objectives for the previous year were 1) to obtain a proper electronic description of an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and 2) to determine the effect of ligand structure on the rate, scope, selectivity, and functional group compatibility of C(sp3)-C(sp3) cross-coupling catalysis. We have completed both of these initial objectives and established a firm base for further studies. The specific significant achievements of the current grant period include: 1) we have performed magnetic and computational studies on (terpyridine)NiMe, an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross couplings, and have discovered that the unpaired electron resides heavily on the terpyridine ligand and that the proper electronic description of this nickel complex is a Ni(II)-methyl cation bound to a reduced terpyridine ligand; 2) we have for the first time shown that alkyl halide reduction by terpyridyl nickel catalysts is substantially ligand based; 3) we have shown by isotopic labeling studies that the active catalyst (terpyridine)NiMe is not produced via a mechanism that involves the formation of methyl radicals when (TMEDA)NiMe2 is used as the catalyst precursor; 4) we have performed an extensive ligand survey for the alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and have found that electronic factors only moderately influence reactivity in the terpyridine-based catalysis and that the most dramatic effects arise from steric and solubility factors; 5) we have found that the use of bis(dialkylphosphino)methanes as ligands for nickel does not produce active catalysts for cross-coupling but rather leads to bridging hydride complexes of varying geometries; 6) we have determined that the geometry of aforementioned bridging hydride complexes is largely determined by external forces such as hydrogen bonding interactions and crystal packing forces; 7) we have found that the rate of reductive elimination of alkane from a (pyridyl-2-pyrrolide)AuMe2 complex is severely inhibited due to the rigid geometry of the pyridyl-2-pyrrolide ligand; 8) we have prepared, structurally characterized, and explored the reactivity of 1-adamantylzinc reagents as model nucleophiles for sterically challenging alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions. The continued success of this work will lead to alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling catalysts with broad scope and selectivities. The work has potential to significantly impact science and technologies of interest to the DOE as the chemistry is focused on developing useful reactions using reagents that can be directly prepared from petroleum and natural gas feedstocks. Moreover, the developing synthetic chemistry can profoundly affect the way materials, fine chemicals, and drugs are made. Since the methodology we are developing can shorten existing synthetic protocols, proceed at room temperature, and operate under environmentally benign conditions, it can greatly reduce energy expenditures, especially considering the contribution of the chemical manufacturing field to the gross domestic product.

David A Vicic

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Describing bond graph models of hydraulic components in Modelica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss an object oriented description of bond graph models of hydraulic components by means of the unified modeling language Modelica. A library which is still under development is briefly described and models of some standard hydraulic components are given for illustration. In particular we address the modeling of hydraulic orifices.

W. Borutzky; B. Barnard; J.U. Thoma

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Type II halogen???halogen contacts are halogen bonds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cl/Br/I alternative substitutions in a series of dihalophenols indicate that type I and type II halogen???halogen contacts have different chemical nature. Only the latter ones qualify as true halogen bonds, according to the recent IUPAC definition.

Metrangolo, P.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments Chao Zhang contributions of each of the two hydrogen atoms to the vibrational modes 1 and 3 of water molecules the early works on the molecular structure of water, it has been accepted that a water molecule

Guidoni, Leonardo

277

Simulation of an Electrical Substation Using the Bond Graph Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulation and especially computer simulation, is a basic tool since it enables engineers to understand how systems work without actually needing to see them. They can learn how they work in different circumstances and optimize their design with considerably ... Keywords: simulation, electrical substations, elements, electricity, bond graph

Gregorio Romero; Jesus Felez; Joaquin Maroto; Jose Manuel Mera

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Structural and bonding trends in platinum-carbon clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Trends in stability, Pt+-Cx binding energy, doublet-quartet excitation energy, and Pt-C bond lengths were investigated. Explanations for these patterns are provided in terms of orbital interactions and changes imposed on the carbon-chain by the metal...

Miller, Thomas F

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

279

Hydrogen Bond Networks in Graphene Oxide Composite Paper: Structure and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a precur- sor for graphene, GO itself can be useful in flexible electronics,7 in battery electrodes,8Hydrogen Bond Networks in Graphene Oxide Composite Paper: Structure and Mechanical Properties Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 I n recent years, grapheneOa single layer of carbon

280

Bonding and Electronic Properties of Ice at High Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between the nearest oxygen atoms. All ice structures that we discussed so far are insulators. Militzer 1 Bonding and Electronic Properties of Ice at High Pressure B. Militzer Department of Earth of water ice at megabar pressure are characterized with ab initio computer simulations. The focus lies

Militzer, Burkhard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

WHAT'S GRAPHENE? Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHAT'S GRAPHENE? · Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded carbon atoms in a honeycomb lattice 105cm2/Vs at RT. 1 Due to its unique transport properties, graphene is suitable for implementation sampling (EOS) timeresolved spectroscopy to optically pump and THz probe exfoliated graphene ribbons (GR

Mellor-Crummey, John

282

Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior David Schell,1,2 Jerry Tsai,1 J System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114 ABSTRACT The contribution of hydrogen to the stability, but experimental studies show that bury- ing polar groups, especially those that are hydrogen

283

Method of preparation of bonded polyimide fuel cell package  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein are processes for fabricating microfluidic fuel cell systems with embedded components in which micron-scale features are formed by bonding layers of DuPont Kapton.TM. polyimide laminate. A microfluidic fuel cell system fabricated using this process is also described.

Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Jankowski, Alan (Livermore, CA); Graff, Robert T. (Modesto, CA); Bettencourt, Kerry (Dublin, CA)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

284

Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised group of people who have suffered systematic that, while illegal, is still widespread in remote rural areas of Nepal. To meet their basic needs in their neighbour- hood. Referred to in Nepal as Haliya/ Haruwa and Charuwa, they have to plough the landlords' land

Richner, Heinz

285

Water inertial reorientation: Hydrogen bond strength and the angular potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water inertial reorientation: Hydrogen bond strength and the angular potential David E. Moilanen) The short-time orientational relaxation of water is studied by ultrafast infrared pump-probe spectroscopy with recent molecular dynamics simulations employing the simple point charge-extended water model at room

Fayer, Michael D.

286

Quantum nuclear effects on surfaces and dispersion bonded systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum nuclear effects on surfaces and dispersion bonded systems Erlend Davidson A dissertation all system types. In particular long range van der Waals dispersion forces and quantum nuclear effects of the art methods to include van der Waals dispersion and quantum nuclear effects on a range of well defined

Guillas, Serge

287

Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids by extension of Wertheim's multi - density formalism. We specifically consider the case of an associating hard sphere with two association sites and both pairwise and triplet contributions to the energy. To test the theory we perform new monte carlo simulations. Theory and simulation are found to be in excellent agreement.

B. D. Marshall; W. G. Chapman

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

288

Concept generation of dynamic systems using bond graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REPRESENTATIONS OF IMMITTANCES . . . Immittance synthesis in design Conventional immit tance synthesis techniques by Foster and Cauer Immittance synthesis with bond graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example - Synthesis of two frequency absorber... . . . . . . . . . 35 . 35 . 38 . . . . . . 40 . . . . . . 49 TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) CHAPTER Page V PHYSICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF TRANSFER FUNCTIONS Transfer function synthesis in design . . . . . . . . . . . General procedure Conditions for passive...

Krishnan, S

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood Edward A. Le FPInnovations - Engineered Wood Products Manufacturing 2665 East Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5 Canada Email: Edward.Le@FPInnovations.ca John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97330, USA Email: John

Nairn, John A.

290

Upper Great Plains Rates information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Rates and Repayment Services Rates 2010 Firm Power Rate (effective January 1, 2010) Rate Adjustments 2010 Firm Power Rate Adjustment 2009 Firm Power Rate Adjustment IS Rate Adjustments Rate Adjustment Process Rate Orders Signed, December 23, 2009 (16kb pdf) Announcements Firm Electric Service Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component, June 27, 2013 (74kb pdf) Customer Letter - Final Notice of Drought Adder Component, October 2, 2013 (68kb pdf) Integrated System (IS) Rates 2014 IS Rates Customer Information Meeting Presentation, October 15, 2013 (611kb pdf) Customer Letter - Notification of 2014 Rates, September 13, 2013 (160kb pdf) 2014 Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation and 2012 Rate True-up Calculation (4.9mb pdf) 2013 IS Rates

291

BCP Annual Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 BCP Annual Rate Process 2013 BCP Annual Rate Process Informal Process Rate Activity Schedule (doc) Informal Customer Meeting Thursday March 6, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms 3&4 Informal Customer Meeting Presentation (Pdf) PRS Executive Summary (Mar 07, 2013) (Pdf) FY2014 Final Ten Year Operating Plan PRS Executive Summary (PDF) FORM for Foreign Visits (doc) Formal Process Initial Federal Register Notice (pdf) Public Information Forum March 27,2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 Customer Meeting Presentation PIF Presentation (PPT) Presentation Details (pdf) Reclamation Fund Status Report PIF PRS Executive Summary (pdf) PIF Transcripts (PDF) Visitor Center Cost Analysis Questions - Responses Public Comment Forum April 10, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 PCF Transcripts Customer Letters

292

Multiple System Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process Federal Register Notice Withdrawing Rate Proposal (PDF) Formal Process Extension Federal Register Notice (PDF) Customer Savings Under Various MSTR (XLS) Public Information Forum March 29, 2005 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point) Customer Meeting Overview (PDF) Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Public Comment Forum April 6, 2005 Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Response Letter 5-17-05 (PDF) Customer Letters Tonopah ID-5/25/05 (PDF) APS-5/26/05 (PDF) SRP-5/27/05 (PDF) RSLynch-6/1/05 (PDF) KRSaline-6/1/05 (PDF) Formal Process Federal Register Notice (Word) Federal Register Notice (PDF) Brochure (Word) Appendices to Brochure: A B C D E1 E2 F1 F2 GH Public Information Forum July 14, 2004 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point)

293

Prediction of Experimental Methanol Decomposition Rates on Platinum from First Principles  

SciTech Connect

A portion of this work was conducted at EMSL, a national scientific user facility. A microkinetic model for methanol decomposition on platinum is presented. The model incorporates competitive decomposition pathways, beginning with both OH and CH bond scission in methanol, and uses results from density functional theory (DFT) calculations [Greeley and Mavrikakis, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124 (2002) 7193, Greeley and Mavrikakis, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (2004) 3910]. Results from reaction kinetics experiments show that the rate of H2 production increases with increasing temperature and methanol concentration in the feed and is only nominally affected by the presence of CO or H2 with methanol. The model, based on the values of binding energies, pre-exponential factors and activation energy barriers derived from first principles calculations, accurately predicts experimental reaction rates and orders. The model also gives insight into the most favorable reaction pathway, the rate-limiting step, the apparent activation energy, coverages, and the effects of pressure. It is found that the pathway beginning with the CH bond scission (CH3OH?H2COH?HCOH?CO) is dominant compared with the path beginning with OH bond scission. The cleavage of the first CH bond in methanol is the rate-controlling step. The surface is highly poisoned by CO, whereas COH appears to be a spectator species.

Kandoi, Shampa; Greeley, Jeffrey P.; Sanchez-Castillo, Marco A.; Evans, Steven T.; Gokhale, Amit A.; Dumesic, James A.; Mavrikakis, Manos

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Obsidian Hydration Rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...OBSIDIAN HYDRATION RATE FOR KLAMATH BASIN OF CALIFORNIA AND OREGON...as the material is excreted, falls through the air, and dries...Friedman. Table 1 presents two new groups of hydra-tion readings for...the true age is believed to fall (3). The Snaketown age is...

Clement W. Meighan

1970-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

296

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

297

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted"advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

298

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19067-1612. ...

1997-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements wilt be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted"advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1999-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

302

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

303

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted"advertisements wilt be classified by the chemical field designated by the members, if not designated, placement will be determined by the first word of the text submitted. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

304

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Koad, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

305

Method for fabricating light weight carbon-bonded carbon fiber composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultralight carbon-bonded carbon fiber composites of densities in the range of about 0.04 to 0.10 grams per cubic centimeter are fabricated by forming an aqueous slurry of carbonaceous fibers which include carbonized fibers and 0-50 weight percent fugitive fibers and a particulate thermosetting resin precursor. The slurry is brought into contact with a perforated mandrel and the water is drained from the slurry through the perforations at a controlled flow rate of about 0.03 to 0.30 liters per minutes per square inch of mandrel surface. The deposited billet of fibers and resin precursor is heated to cure the resin precursor to bind the fibers together, removed from the mandrel, and then the resin and fugitive fibers, if any, are carbonized.

Wrenn, Jr., George E. (Clinton, TN); Abbatiello, Leonard A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lewis, Jr., John (Oak Ridge, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Processing and Protection of Rare Earth Permanent Magnet Particulate for Bonded Magnet Applications  

SciTech Connect

Rapid solidification of novel mixed rare earth-iron-boron, MRE{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B (MRE = Nd, Y, Dy; currently), magnet alloys via high pressure gas atomization (HPGA) have produced similar properties and structures as closely related alloys produced by melt spinning (MS) at low wheel speeds. Recent additions of titanium carbide and zirconium to the permanent magnet (PM) alloy design in HPGA powder (using He atomization gas) have made it possible to achieve highly refined microstructures with magnetic properties approaching melt spun particulate at cooling rates of 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6}K/s. By producing HPGA powders with the desirable qualities of melt spun ribbon, the need for crushing ribbon was eliminated in bonded magnet fabrication. The spherical geometry of HPGA powders is more ideal for processing of bonded permanent magnets since higher loading fractions can be obtained during compression and injection molding. This increased volume loading of spherical PM powder can be predicted to yield a higher maximum energy product (BH){sub max} for bonded magnets in high performance applications. Passivation of RE-containing powder is warranted for the large-scale manufacturing of bonded magnets in applications with increased temperature and exposure to humidity. Irreversible magnetic losses due to oxidation and corrosion of particulates is a known drawback of RE-Fe-B based alloys during further processing, e.g. injection molding, as well as during use as a bonded magnet. To counteract these effects, a modified gas atomization chamber allowed for a novel approach to in situ passivation of solidified particle surfaces through injection of a reactive gas, nitrogen trifluoride (NF{sub 3}). The ability to control surface chemistry during atomization processing of fine spherical RE-Fe-B powders produced advantages over current processing methodologies. In particular, the capability to coat particles while 'in flight' may eliminate the need for post atomization treatment, otherwise a necessary step for oxidation and corrosion resistance. Stability of these thin films was attributed to the reduction of each RE's respective oxide during processing; recognizing that fluoride compounds exhibit a slightly higher (negative) free energy driving force for formation. Formation of RE-type fluorides on the surface was evidenced through x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Concurrent research with auger electron spectroscopy has been attempted to accurately quantify the depth of fluoride formation in order to grasp the extent of fluorination reactions with spherical and flake particulate. Gas fusion analysis on coated powders (dia. <45 {micro}m) from an optimized experiment indicated an as-atomized oxygen concentration of 343ppm, where typical, nonpassivated RE atomized alloys exhibit an average of 1800ppm oxygen. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) on the same powder revealed a decreased rate of oxidation at elevated temperatures up to 300 C, compared to similar uncoated powder.

Peter Kelly Sokolowski

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Role of interatomic bonding in the mechanical anisotropy and interlayer cohesion of CSH crystals  

SciTech Connect

Atomic scale properties of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH), the main binding phase of hardened Portland cement, are not well understood. Over a century of intense research has identified almost 50 different crystalline CSH minerals which are mainly categorized by their Ca/Si ratio. The electronic structure and interatomic bonding in four major CSH crystalline phases with structures close to those found in hardened cement are investigated via ab initio methods. Our result reveals the critical role of hydrogen bonding and importance of specifying precise locations for water molecules. Quantitative analysis of contributions from different bond types to the overall cohesion shows that while the Si-O covalent bonds dominate, the hydrogen bonding and Ca-O bonding are also very significant. Calculated results reveal the correlation between bond topology and interlayer cohesion. The overall bond order density (BOD) is found to be a more critical measure than the Ca/Si ratio in classifying different CSH crystals.

Dharmawardhana, C.C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of MissouriKansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of MissouriKansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Misra, A. [Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States)] [Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States); Aryal, S.; Rulis, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of MissouriKansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of MissouriKansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Ching, W.Y., E-mail: ccdxz8@mail.umkc.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of MissouriKansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion Batteries: A XANES Study. Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion...

309

Imaging Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110). ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110). Imaging Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110). Abstract: We investigated methanol adsorption and dissociation on...

310

Experimental method to find weak bond distribution functions in a high-temperature superconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple phenomenological model of a weakly bonded superconductor is suggested. The model considers the transition from a single weak dangling bond to a disruptive two-dimensional structure in taking the IV char...

M. A. Vasyutin

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Hydrogen Bonding Interactions Between Ions: A Powerful Tool in Molecular Crystal Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen bonding interactions are the strongest of the non-covalent interactions and are highly directional (hence transportable and reproducible). With respect to hydrogen bonds between neutral molecules the hyd...

Dario Braga; Lucia Maini; Marco Polito

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Abstract:...

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - aryl-metal bond chemistry Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

metal bond chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aryl-metal bond chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Subscriber access...

314

Rail Coal Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

reports reports Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector With Data through 2010 | Release Date: November 16, 2012 | Next Release Date: December 2013 | Correction Previous editions Year: 2011 2004 Go Figure 1. Deliveries from major coal basins to electric power plants by rail, 2010 Background In this latest release of Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) significantly expands upon prior versions of this report with the incorporation of new EIA survey data. Figure 1. Percent of total U.S. rail shipments represented in data figure data Previously, EIA relied solely on data from the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (STB), specifically their confidential Carload Waybill Sample. While valuable, due to the statistical nature of the Waybill data,

315

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

316

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

317

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

318

Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.902985°, -89.4742177° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.902985,"lon":-89.4742177,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

Wafer bonded virtual substrate and method for forming the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of forming a virtual substrate comprised of an optoelectronic device substrate and handle substrate comprises the steps of initiating bonding of the device substrate to the handle substrate, improving or increasing the mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates, and thinning the device substrate to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. The handle substrate is typically Si or other inexpensive common substrate material, while the optoelectronic device substrate is formed of more expensive and specialized electro-optic material. Using the methodology of the invention a wide variety of thin film electro-optic materials of high quality can be bonded to inexpensive substrates which serve as the mechanical support for an optoelectronic device layer fabricated in the thin film electro-optic material.

Atwater, Jr., Harry A. (So. Pasadena, CA); Zahler, James M. (Pasadena, CA); Morral, Anna Fontcuberta i (Paris, FR)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

320

Characterization of Fuel-Cladding Bond Strength Using Laser Shock  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes new laser-based capabilities for characterization of fuel-cladding bond strength in nuclear fuels, and presents preliminary results obtained from studies on as-fabricated monolithic fuel consisting of uranium-10 wt.% molybdenum alloys clad in 6061 aluminum by hot isostatic pressing. Two complementary experimental methods are employed, laser-shock testing and laser-ultrasonic imaging. Measurements are spatially localized, non-contacting and require minimum specimen preparation, and are therefore ideally suited for applications involving radioactive materials, including irradiated materials. The theoretical principles and experimental approaches employed in characterization of nuclear fuel plates are described. The ability to measure layer thicknesses, elastic properties of the constituents, and the location and nature of laser-shock induced debonds is demonstrated, and preliminary bond strength measurement results are discussed.

James A. Smith; David L. Cottle; Barry H. Rabin

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Bond strength and stress measurements in thermal barrier coatings  

SciTech Connect

Thermal barrier coatings have been used extensively in aircraft gas turbines for more than 15 years to insulate combustors and turbine vanes from the hot gas stream. Plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) provide metal temperature reductions as much as 300{degrees}F, with improvements in durability of two times or more being achieved. The introduction of TBCs deposited by electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) processes in the last five years has provided a major improvement in durability and also enabled TBCs to be applied to turbine blades for improved engine performance. This program evaluates the bond strength of yttria stabilized zirconia coatings with MCrAlY and Pt-Al bond coats utilizing diffraction and fluorescence methods.

Gell, M.; Jordan, E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation reviews the status of the performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for high-temperature packaging.

Devoto, D.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Human-animal interactions, relationships and bonds: a review and analysis of the literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

human-animal bond: health implications across the lifespan.H. (2012). Mental health implications of human attachment to

Hosey, Geoff; Melfi, Vicky

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents CRSP Transmission 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates extension Letter announcing two-year extension to CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2014 Accompanying calculation table for FY 2014 CRSP transmission rate letter Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2013 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2012 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2011 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2010 SLCA/IP 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, SLCA/IP firm power rate extension Letter announcing two-year extension to SLCA/IP firm power rate SLCA/IP Tentative Rate Adjustment Schedule

325

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

326

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

327

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

328

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

329

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

330

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

331

Flip chip electrical interconnection by selective electroplating and bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a glass substrate made of 500/2000 A° of Cr/Au with 3150 lm in length and 10 lm in width. Two silicon. The interconnection chip has 102 Cr/Au interconnection lines with 3150 lm in length and 10 lm in width. The bonding pads on the ends of the interconnection lines are 40 lm by 40 lm. A 0.8 lm thick layer of aluminum

Lin, Liwei

332

Compacting Plastic-Bonded Explosive Molding Powders to Dense Solids  

SciTech Connect

Dense solid high explosives are made by compacting plastic-bonded explosive molding powders with high pressures and temperatures for extended periods of time. The density is influenced by manufacturing processes of the powders, compaction temperature, the magnitude of compaction pressure, pressure duration, and number of repeated applications of pressure. The internal density variation of compacted explosives depends on method of compaction and the material being compacted.

B. Olinger

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond of DNA and RNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydrogen bond is a fundamental ingredient to stabilize the DNA and RNA macromolecules. The main contribution of this work is to describe quantitatively this interaction as a consequence of the quantum confinement of the hydrogen. The results for the free and confined system are compared with experimental data. The formalism to compute the energy gap of the vibration motion used to identify the spectrum lines is the Variational Method allied to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics.

Santos, da Silva dos; Ricotta, Regina Maria

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Transportation Rates For Fishery Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

express (Railway Express Agency), and motor carriers. Air transporta- tion and water transportation 2 Rail-freight rates 2 Rail-express rates 3 Motor-carrier rates 3 Protective-service charges 4 used in sample 7 2. Rail-express rate index: Routes used in sample 7 3. Motor-carrier rate index

335

October 1996 - September 2001 Wholesale Power Rates (rates/previous...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

affecting a specific power purchase. For more specific information see: 1996 Final Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules: Power Rates (PDF, 84 pages, 188 kb) Ancillary...

336

A Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Structures of Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(II) Iodide and Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(III) p-Toluenesulfonate Pentahydrate James F. Wishart, Avi Bino and Henry Taube Inorg. Chem. 25, 3318-3321 (1986) Abstract: The crystal structures of [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] I3 and [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] (CH3C6H4SO3)4°5H2O have been solved to weighted R factors of 0.053 and 0.083, respectively. For the former structure, the space group is Pmma with a = 10.655(2)Å, b = 7.704(1)Å, c = 21.488(3)Å, and Z = 4. The Ru(II)-N(Mepyz) distance of 1.95(1)Å in this complex is the shortest yet reported for a ruthenium(II) to heteroctclic nitrogen bond. A difference of 0.04(1)Å between the cis (2.122(7)Å and 2.136(8)Å) and

337

Vacuum fusion bonded glass plates having microstructures thereon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Scanning white light interferometry in quality control of single-point tape automated bonding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on applying a scanning white light interferometry (SWLI) for quality control of aluminum lead single-point tape automated bonding (spTAB). A spTAB process was used to connect Al leads on a thin polyimide flex to Al bond pads on a flexible Al-polyimide ... Keywords: Bonding, Interferometry

Ivan Vl. Kassamakov; Henri O. Seppnen; Markku J. Oinonen; Edward O. Hggstrm; J. Mathias sterberg; Juha P. Aaltonen; Heimo Saarikko; Zoran P. Radivojevic

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING AT THE CONCRETE POLYMER COMPOSITE INTERFACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING AT THE CONCRETE POLYMER COMPOSITE INTERFACE Wai How Soong, S, USA. ABSTRACT Bonding between the concrete and polymer composite (reinforcement) tendon was studied) and surface roughness of composite reinforcement tendons on the two types of bond strengths were investigated

340

Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies is introduced which employs a linear relationship between nanotube cohesive energies determined via Density between ionic and cohesive bonding energies indicate that, as the nanotubes become longer, ionic bonding

Hanusa, Christopher

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Proton transfer reactions and hydrogen-bond networks in protein environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recognized that a salt bridge is a strong H-bond and plays a...pronounced in salt bridges owing to the large pK a difference for the H-bond donor and acceptor...for single-well H-bond formation is...required for salt-bridge formation, which...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Improved Enantioselective Synthesis of (?)-Linderol A: Hindered Rotation about Aryl?Csp3 Bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Enantioselective Synthesis of (?)-Linderol A: Hindered Rotation about Aryl?Csp3 Bond ... (11) In general, Ar?Csp3 bonds have very low rotation barriers. ... Atropisomerism about ArylCsp3 Bonds: The Electronic and Steric Influence of ortho-Substituents on Conformational Exchange in Cannabidiol and Linderatin Derivatives ...

Pierre-Olivier Delaye; Pedro Lameiras; Nelly Kervarec; Catherine Mirand; Hatice Berber

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

343

5750 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1990, 112, 5750-5759 Bond Strengths of Ethylene and Acetylene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5750 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1990, 112, 5750-5759 Bond Strengths of Ethylene and Acetylene Kent M. Ervin-phase proton transfer kinetics were employed to determine the CH bond dissociationenergiesof acetylene,ethylene-H) = 81.0f 3.5 kcal mol-'. The strengths of each of the other CH and CC bonds in acetylene and ethylene

Ellison, Barney

344

Molecular surface electrostatic potentials in the analysis of non-hydrogen-bonding noncovalent interactions  

SciTech Connect

Electrostatic potentials computed on molecular surfaces are used to analyze some noncovalent interactions that are not in the category of hydrogen bonding, e.g. halogen bonding. The systems examined include halogenated methanes, substituted benzenes, s-tetrazine and 1,3-bisphenylurea. The data were obtained by ab initio SCF calculations. Electrostatic potentials, Non-hydrogen-bonding noncovalent interactions, Molecular surfaces.

Murray, J.S.; Paulsen, K.; Politzer, P.

1993-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

345

The Hydrogen Bonding of Cytosinewith Guanine:Calorimetric and`H-NMR Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hydrogen Bonding of Cytosinewith Guanine:Calorimetric and`H-NMR Analysis of the Molecular of hydrogen-bondformation between guanine (G) and cytusine (C) in o-dichloro- benzene and in chloroformat 25°C forming hydrogen bonds. Consequently, hydrogen-bond formation in our system is primarily between the bases

Williams, Loren

346

Hydrogen bond breaking probed with multidimensional stimulated vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen bond breaking probed with multidimensional stimulated vibrational echo correlation September 2003 Hydrogen bond population dynamics are extricated with exceptional detail using ultrafast ( 50 of methanol­OD oligomers in CCl4 . Hydrogen bond breaking makes it possible to acquire data for times much

Fayer, Michael D.

347

Hydrogen bond dynamics in membrane protein function Ana-Nicoleta Bondar a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Hydrogen bond dynamics in membrane protein function Ana-Nicoleta Bondar a, , Stephen H 30 November 2011 Available online 8 December 2011 Keywords: Membrane protein structure Hydrogen bond Membrane protein dynamics Lipid­protein interactions Changes in inter-helical hydrogen bonding

White, Stephen

348

Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch Relaxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch, 2002 Vibrational relaxation and hydrogen bond dynamics in methanol-d dissolved in CCl4 have been-d molecules both accepting and donating hydrogen bonds at 2500 cm-1 . Following vibrational relaxation

Fayer, Michael D.

349

Hydrogen bond dynamics in the active site of photoactive yellow protein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen bond dynamics in the active site of photoactive yellow protein Paul A. Sigala, Mark A for review February 5, 2009) Hydrogen bonds play major roles in biological structure and function. Nonetheless, hydrogen-bonded protons are not typically observed by X-ray crystallography, and most structural

Herschlag, Dan

350

Native Hydrogen Bonds in a Molten Globule: The Apoflavodoxin Thermal Intermediate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Native Hydrogen Bonds in a Molten Globule: The Apoflavodoxin Thermal Intermediate Marõ?a P. Iru?n1 in surface- exposed hydrogen bonds connecting secondary-structure elements in the native protein. All hydrogen bonds analysed are formed in the molten globule intermediate, either with native strength

Sancho, Javier

351

Tier 2 Vintage Rate Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Tier 2 Rate Alternatives Tier 2 Rate Alternatives Load Growth Rate BPA commits to meet Load Following customers' load growth placed on BPA for the term of the commitment period...

352

Effects of surface treatment on the bonding quality of wafer-level Cu-to-Cu thermo-compression bonding for 3D integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various surface treatments are applied for surface oxide removal prior to wafer-level Cu-to-Cu thermo-compression bonding and the bonding quality is systematically analyzed in this work. Three methods are investigated: self-assembled monolayer (SAM) passivation, forming gas annealing and acetic acid wet cleaning. The surface conditions are carefully examined including roughness, contact angle and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) scan. The wafer pairs are bonded at 250??C under a bonding force of 5500?N for a duration of 1?h in a vacuum environment. The bonding medium consists of a Cu (300?nm) bonding layer and a Ti (50?nm) barrier layer. The bonding quality investigation consists of two parts: hermeticity based on helium leak test and mechanical strength using four-point bending method. Although all samples under test with different surface treatment methods present an excellent hermetic seal and a robust mechanical support, the measurement results show that samples bonded after SAM passivation exhibit the best hermeticity and bonding strength for 3D integration application.

J Fan; D F Lim; C S Tan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Plasma Adiabatic Lapse Rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plasma analog of an adiabatic lapse rate (or temperature variation with height) in atmospheric physics is obtained. A new source of plasma temperature gradient in a binary ion species mixture is found that is proportional to the concentration gradient ??? and difference in average ionization states Z2-Z1. Application to inertial-confinement-fusion implosions indicates a potentially strong effect in plastic (CH) ablators that is not modeled with mainline (single-fluid) simulations. An associated plasma thermodiffusion coefficient is derived, and charge-state diffusion in a single-species plasma is also predicted.

Peter Amendt; Claudio Bellei; Scott Wilks

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

High strain rate properties of a polymer-bonded sugar: their dependence on applied and internal constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...D , C Stennet, P.J Haskins, R.I Briggs, A.D Wood, and P.J CheeseThe role of binders in controlling the cook-off violence of HMX/HTPB compositions. In Shock compression of condensed matter-2005 M.D Furnish, M Elert, T.P...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

EIS-0306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear 306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel EIS-0306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel Summary This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of the proposed electrometallurgical treatment of DOE-owned sodium bonded spent nuclear fuel in the Fuel Conditioning Facility at Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W). Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 19, 2000 EIS-0306: Record of Decision Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel July 1, 2000 EIS-0306: Final Environmental Impact Statement Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel July 1, 1999 EIS-0306: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Treatment of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel

356

Rate types for stream programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce RATE TYPES, a novel type system to reason about and optimize data-intensive programs. Built around stream languages, RATE TYPES performs static quantitative reasoning about stream rates -- the frequency of data items in a stream being ... Keywords: data processing rates, data throughput, performance reasoning, stream programming, type systems

Thomas W. Bartenstein, Yu David Liu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Carbon?Oxygen Bond Forming Mechanisms in Rhenium Oxo-Alkyl Complexes  

SciTech Connect

Three C?X bond formation mechanisms observed in the oxidation of (HBpz{sub 3})ReO(R)(OTf) [HBpz{sub 3} = hydrotris(1-pyrazolyl)borate; R = Me, Et, and iPr; OTf = OSO{sub 2}CF{sub 3}] by dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were investigated using quantum mechanics (M06//B3LYP DFT) combined with solvation (using the PBF Poisson?Boltzmann polarizable continuum solvent model). For R = Et we find the alkyl group is activated through ?-hydrogen abstraction by external base OTf{sup ?} with a free energy barrier of only 12.0 kcal/mol, leading to formation of acetaldehyde. Alternatively, ethyl migration across the M?O bond (leading to the formation of acetaldehyde and ethanol) poses a free energy barrier of 22.1 kcal/mol, and the previously proposed ?-hydrogen transfer to oxo (a 2+2 forbidden reaction) poses a barrier of 44.9 kcal/mol. The rate-determining step to formation of the final product acetaldehyde is an oxygen atom transfer from DMSO to the ethylidene, with a free energy barrier of 15.3 kcal/mol. When R = iPr, the alkyl 1,2-migration pathway becomes the more favorable pathway (both kinetically and thermodynamically), with a free energy barrier (?G{sup ?} = 11.8 kcal/mol) lower than ?-hydrogen abstraction by OTf{sup ?} (?G{sup ?} = 13.5 kcal/mol). This suggests the feasibility of utilizing this type of migration to functionalize M?R to M?OR. We also considered the nucleophilic attack of water and ammonia on the Re-ethylidene ?-carbon as a means of recovering two-electron-oxidized products from an alkane oxidation. Nucleophilic attack (with internal deprotonation of the nucleophile) is exothermic. However, the subsequent protonolysis of the Re?alkyl bond (to liberate an alcohol or amine) poses a barrier of 37.0 or 42.4 kcal/mol, respectively. Where comparisons are possible, calculated free energies agree very well with experimental measurements.

Cheng, Mu-Jeng; Nielsen, Robert J; Ahlquist, Marten; Goddard, William A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Book Review of Introduction to Bonding and Hybridization Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Book Review of Introduction to Bonding and Hybridization Theory ... I had never really thought about this before (the standard textbook figure showing electronegativities omits the noble gases), but is it true noble gases do not have electronegativity values, or simply that textbooks have redrawn the figure from Paulings work, which predates the discovery of compounds with xenon? ... I plan to use these DVDs (particularly Hybridization Theory) in future classes, especially where the repeated shifting between two- and three-dimensional representations and the 360 rotations of molecules will help students immensely. ...

Scott Smidt

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

359

Overlap population density as an index of bond strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be eliminated. This is done by carrying out an orthogonal transformdtion on b, witn a known matrix U, viz. D = UAU' (10) Next~ M is constructed vis, the equation: M=V'D 'U (11) M transforms b to the unit matrix X: (12) Since: I ~1 MdM = U 'D PhU 'D U... on molecules of the same chemical i'amily as those under study, viz, R2-NN02, D. Thermal Decomposition of Nitramides Although estimates of the energies of bonds other than N-N, B?G. Gowcnlock, P. Jones and J. R. Majer~ Trans. Faraday Soc. ~7 23 (1981) RE...

Gallagher, Michael James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

360

Chemical bond and entanglement of electrons in the hydrogen molecule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We theoretically investigate the quantum correlations (in terms of concurrence of indistinguishable electrons) in a prototype molecular system (hydrogen molecule). With the assistance of the standard approximations of the linear combination of atomic orbitals and the con?guration interaction methods we describe the electronic wavefunction of the ground state of the H2 molecule. Moreover, we managed to ?find a rather simple analytic expression for the concurrence (the most used measure of quantum entanglement) of the two electrons when the molecule is in its lowest energy. We have found that concurrence does not really show any relation to the construction of the chemical bond.

Nikos Iliopoulos; Andreas F. Terzis

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

electric rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electric rates electric rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

362

Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Schedules Rate Schedules Rate Schedules One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate levels and these studies for each of Southeastern's four power marketing systems are updated annually. They demonstrate the adequacy of the rates for each system. Rates are considered to be adequate when revenues are sufficient to repay all costs associated with power production and transmission costs, which include the amortization of the Federal investment allocated to power. Latest Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012

363

Nitrogen-tuned bonding mechanism of Li and Ti adatom embedded graphene  

SciTech Connect

The effects of nitrogen defects on the bonding mechanism and resultant binding energy between the metal and graphene layer were investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For the graphitic N-doped graphene, Li adatom exhibited ionic bonding character, while Ti adatom showed features of covalent bonding similar to that of pristine graphene. However, in the cases of pyridinic and pyrrolic structures, partially covalent bonding characteristic occurred around N atoms in the process of binding with metals, and this particular bond formation enhanced the bond strength of metal on the graphene layer as much as it exceeded the cohesive energy of the metal bulk. Thus, Li and Ti metals are expected to be dispersed with atomic accuracy on the pyridinic and pyrrolic N-doped graphene layers. These results demonstrate that the bonding mechanism of metalgraphene complex can change according to the type of N defect, and this also affects the binding results. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: Nitrogen defects changed the bonding mechanism between metal and graphene. Bonding character and binding results were investigated using DFT calculations. Covalent bonding character occurred around pyridinic and pyrrolic N-doped graphene. Pyridinic and pyrrolic N atoms are effective for metal dispersion on the graphene.

Lee, Sangho; Chung, Yong-Chae, E-mail: yongchae@hanyang.ac.kr

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

2007-2009 Power Rates Quarterly Updates (pbl/rates)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(PFR) Firstgov FY 2007 2009 Power Rates Quarterly Updates In BPAs 2007-2009 Wholesale Power Rate Case (WP-07), BPA agreed that it would post reports about BPAs power...

365

WP-07 Power Rate Case (rates/ratecases)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Cases Financial Choices (2003-06) Power Function Review (PFR) Firstgov 2007 Wholesale Power (WP-07) Rate Case Related Links: Power Function Review (PFR) On July 17, 2006,...

366

National Utility Rate Database: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

When modeling solar energy technologies and other distributed energy systems, using high-quality expansive electricity rates is essential. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a utility rate platform for entering, storing, updating, and accessing a large collection of utility rates from around the United States. This utility rate platform lives on the Open Energy Information (OpenEI) website, OpenEI.org, allowing the data to be programmatically accessed from a web browser, using an application programming interface (API). The semantic-based utility rate platform currently has record of 1,885 utility rates and covers over 85% of the electricity consumption in the United States.

Ong, S.; McKeel, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Rating the NRF's rating system Michael I. Cherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the NRF's raison d'être--thetrainingofhigh-qualityresearch manpower. The progress of the rating systemRating the NRF's rating system Michael I. Cherry a* and Mark J. Gibbons b T HE LATEST REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL Research Foundation (NRF), chaired by Wieland Gevers, and released surreptitiously

Wagner, Stephan

368

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE TELECOMMUNICATIONS RATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE TELECOMMUNICATIONS RATE BACKGROUND The University recently the desktop phone service costs back to individual units/departments by creating a telecommunications rate in the Other Expenses category of the budget as a "Telecommunications Charge". NOTE- direct charging

Straight, Aaron

369

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules : 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions.  

SciTech Connect

This schedule is available for the contract purchase of Firm Power to be used within the Pacific Northwest (PNW). Priority Firm (PF) Power may be purchased by public bodies, cooperatives, and Federal agencies for resale to ultimate consumers, for direct consumption, and for Construction, Test and Start-Up, and Station Service. Rates in this schedule are in effect beginning October 1, 2006, and apply to purchases under requirements Firm Power sales contracts for a three-year period. The Slice Product is only available for public bodies and cooperatives who have signed Slice contracts for the FY 2002-2011 period. Utilities participating in the Residential Exchange Program (REP) under Section 5(c) of the Northwest Power Act may purchase Priority Firm Power pursuant to the Residential Exchange Program. Rates under contracts that contain charges that escalate based on BPA's Priority Firm Power rates shall be based on the three-year rates listed in this rate schedule in addition to applicable transmission charges. This rate schedule supersedes the PF-02 rate schedule, which went into effect October 1, 2001. Sales under the PF-07 rate schedule are subject to BPA's 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions (2007 GRSPs). Products available under this rate schedule are defined in the 2007 GRSPs. For sales under this rate schedule, bills shall be rendered and payments due pursuant to BPA's 2007 GRSPs and billing process.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Dynamic and rate-dependent yielding in model cohesive suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental system has been found recently, a coagulated CaCO3 suspension, that shows very different yield behaviour depending upon how it is tested and at what rate it is strained. At P\\'eclet number Pe > 1 it behaves as a simple Herschel Bulkley liquid, whereas at Pe testing it shows hysteresis and shear-banding and in the usual type of sweep used to measure flow curves in controlled stress mode routinely, it shows very erratic and irreproducible behaviour. All of these features can be attributed to a dependence of yield stress on rate of strain. Stress growth curves obtained from step strain-rate testing showed that the rate-dependence of the yield stress was a consequence of rate-dependent strain-softening. At very low Pe yield was cooperative and the yield strain was order-one, whereas as the Pe approached unity, the yield strain reduced to that needed to break interparticle bonds and the yield stress decayed to a minimal value. For example, at 40%v/v it dropped from ca. 200 Pa to testing by a range of means and along lines suggested.

Richard Buscall; Peter J Scales; Anthony D Stickland; Hui-En Teo; Tiara E Kusuma; Daniel R Lester

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Webinar, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/state_local_activities/webinar_2009 Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Screenshot References: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds[1] Logo: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Technical Assistance Project for state and local officials, this Webinar described the elements of clean

372

Dynamics of Weak, Bifurcated and Strong Hydrogen Bonds in Lithium Nitrate Trihydrate  

SciTech Connect

The properties of three distinct types of hydrogen bonds, namely a weak, a bifurcated and a strong one, all present in/the LiNO3 (HDO)(D2O)2 hydrate lattice unit cell are studied using steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopy. The lifetimes of the OH stretching vibrations for the three individual bonds are 2.2 ps (weak), 1.7 ps (bifurcated), and 1.2 ps (strong), respectively. For the first time the properties of bifurcated H bonds can thus be unambiguously directly compared to those of weak and strong H bonds in the same system. The values of their OH stretching vibration lifetime, anharmonicity, red shift and bond strength lie between those for the strong and weak H bonds. The experimentally observed inhomogeneous broadening of their spectral signature is attributed to the coupling with a low frequency intermolecular wagging vibration/

Werhahn, Jasper C.; Pandelov, S.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Iglev, H.

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Slides from a Commercial Building Initiative webinar outlining the Commercial Building Asset Rating Program on August 23, 2011.

374

Knowledge-based model of hydrogen-bonding propensity in organic crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method is presented to predict which donors and acceptors form hydrogen bonds in a crystal structure, based on the statistical analysis of hydrogen bonds in the Cambridge Structural Database. The approach has potential application in identifying both likely and unusual hydrogen bonding, which can help to rationalize stable and metastable crystalline forms, of relevance to the drug development process in the pharmaceutical industry.

Galek, P.T.A.

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

375

Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues  

SciTech Connect

Enzymes and their mimics use hydrogen bonds to catalyze chemical transformations. Small molecule transition state analogs of oxyanion holes are characterized by gas phase IR and photoelectron spectroscopy and their binding constants in acetonitrile. As a result, a new class of hydrogen bond catalysts is proposed (OH donors that can contribute three hydrogen bonds to a single functional group) and demonstrated in a Friedel-Crafts reaction.

Beletskiy, Evgeny V.; Schmidt, Jacob C.; Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

376

A CH O Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A C­H· · ·O Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices of Science Bangalore 560012, India The serendipitous observation of a C­H· · ·O hydrogen bond mediated­N hydrogen bond involving the side- chain of residue T 2 4 and the N­H group of residue T þ 3. In as many

Babu, M. Madan

377

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic bond model Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Summary: of the combined bonds. In terms FIG. 7: Phase boundary surface for the Ising model on the d 3 fully anisotropic... anisotropic systems are introduced. These...

378

Making it Easier to Complete Clean Energy Projects with Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on How to to Complete Clean Energy Projects with Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)

379

Bond strength of steel hollow sections using carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research was a step forward in developing bond strength of CFRP strengthened steel hollow sections under tension loads. The studies have revealed the ultimate (more)

Shahanara, Kaniz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Liquid Metal Bond for Improved Heat Transfer in LWR Fuel Rods  

SciTech Connect

A liquid metal (LM) consisting of 1/3 weight fraction each of Pb, Sn, and Bi has been proposed as the bonding substance in the pellet-cladding gap in place of He. The LM bond eliminates the large AT over the pre-closure gap which is characteristic of helium-bonded fuel elements. Because the LM does not wet either UO2 or Zircaloy, simply loading fuel pellets into a cladding tube containing LM at atmospheric pressure leaves unfilled regions (voids) in the bond. The HEATING 7.3 heat transfer code indicates that these void spaces lead to local fuel hot spots.

Donald Olander

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Investigation of Bonding Mechanism of Coking on Semi-coke from Lignite with Pitch and Tar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Bonding Mechanism of Coking on Semi-coke from Lignite with Pitch and Tar ... Study on the coking mechanism of coal and coal tar pitches. ...

Vedat Arslan

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

382

A study of the bond characteristics of concrete reinforcing bars coated with epoxy compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selected Refe~ ces. Appendix - A . 12 . 20 . 22 . 24 . 25 LIST OF TABLES Table Page Bond Stress at Slip of 0. 01 in. at Loaded End of the Bar . . . . 13 Bond Stress at Slip of 0. 001 in. at Free End of the Bar. . 14 A-1 Bond Stress and Steel.... SUMMARY A number of processes by which the steel-concrete bond can be improved are described. The procedures involve coating steel with a versamid epoxy compound and either casting the concrete around the treated reinforcement before the epoxy hardens...

Desai, Indravadan S

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design Allaying Structural-Alloy Corrosion Putting the Pressure on MOFs Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Hearing the Highest Pitches Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure AUGUST 8, 2008 Bookmark and Share Schematic shows the topology of π* orbital interactions in the (O2)4 cluster. (Image copyright National Academy of Sciences, PNAS.) Oxygen, the third most abundant element in the cosmos and essential to life on Earth, changes its forms dramatically under pressure, transforming to a solid with spectacular colors. Eventually it becomes metallic and a

384

Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density. 14 figs.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

Bond fluctuation method for a polymer undergoing gel electrophoresis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a computational methodology for the investigation of gel electrophoresis of polyelectrolytes. We have developed the method initially to incorporate sliding motion of tight parts of a polymer pulled by an electric field into the bond fluctuation method (BFM). Such motion due to tensile force over distances much larger than the persistent length is realized by nonlocal movement of a slack monomer at either end of the tight part. The latter movement is introduced stochastically. This new BFM overcomes the well-known difficulty in the conventional BFM that polymers are trapped by gel fibers in relatively large fields. At the same time it also reproduces properly equilibrium properties of a polymer in a vanishing field limit. The new BFM thus turns out to be an efficient computational method to study gel electrophoresis in a wide range of the electric field strength.

Ryuzo Azuma and Hajime Takayama

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Complexes of niobium and tantalum containing metal-metal bonds  

SciTech Connect

A new entry into the area of low valent niobium and tantalum complexes containing metal-metal bonds is described. M/sub 2/X/sub 6/ (..mu..-THT)(THF)/sub 2/ complexes, where M = Nb or Ta, X = Cl or Br and THT - tetrahydrothiophene, are conveniently synthesized via the reaction of M/sub 2/M/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/ with THF (THF = tetrahydrofuran). Unlike M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/, M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)(THF)/sub 2/ can be easily reduced by sodium amalgam. In THF and in the presence of THT, complexes of the type M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ form. Salts of these compounds can also be synthesized directly from the metal pentahalides in a two step, one pot reaction in which M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/ is an intermediate. The M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ complexes have a face-sharing bioctahedral structure with metal-metal triple bonds, the first reported for niobium or tantalum. These compounds are relatively inert, but (Nb/sub 2/Cl/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ does reach with pyridine and with a solution of acetic acid/acetic anhydride. These reactions and those of some of the sodium salts are described. In general, trinuclear complexes of niobium and tantalum are rare, and this type of discrete trinuclear complex, which contains one capping, three bridging and nine terminal ligands, has been seen only once before for the group 5 metals, although many examples of similar group 6 metal complexes are known. Full details of the synthesis and characterization of these complexes are described and an interpretation of their electronic structures is given.

Diebold, M.P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Early Results with the Use of Heparin-bonded Stent Graft to Rescue Failed Angioplasty of Chronic Femoropopliteal Occlusive Lesions: TASC D Lesions Have a Poor Outcome  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate early patency rate of the heparin-bonded stent grafts in atherosclerotic long femoropopliteal occlusive disease, and to identify factors that affect outcome. Methods: Heparin-bonded Viabahn stent grafts were placed in 33 limbs in 33 patients during 2009-2010. The stents were deployed to rescue failed conventional balloon angioplasty. Mean age was 69 (range 44-88) years, and 67 % (22 of 33) were men. Most procedures (21 of 33, 64 %) were performed for critical limb ischemia (33 % for rest pain, 30 % tissue loss). Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regression analysis were used to identify significant risk factors. Results: The average length of lesions treated was 25 {+-} 10 cm, and they were predominantly TASC (Transatlantic Intersociety Consensus) D (n = 13) and C (n = 17) lesions. The median primary patency was 5.0 months (95 % confidence interval 1.22-8.77). The mean secondary patency was 8.6 months (95 % confidence interval 6.82-10.42). Subsequently, 4 patients underwent bypass surgery and 5 patients underwent major amputation. One patient died. There were 5 in-stent or edge-stent stenoses. Cox multivariate regression analysis identified TASC D lesions to be a significant risk factor for early occlusion (p = 0.035). Conclusion: TASC D lesions of femoropopliteal occlusions have poor patency rates with the use of heparin-bonded stent grafts after failed conventional angioplasty. Alternative options should be considered for these patients.

Kuhan, Ganesh, E-mail: gkuhan@nhs.net; Abisi, Said; Braithwaite, Bruce D.; MacSweeney, Shane T. R. [Nottingham University Hospitals, Vascular and Endovascular Unit, Queens Medical Centre (United Kingdom); Whitaker, Simon C.; Habib, Said B. [Nottingham University Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Queen's Medical Centre (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Asymptotic Cellular Growth Rate as the Effective Information Utilization Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the average asymptotic growth rate of cells in randomly fluctuating environments. Using a game-theoretic perspective, we show that any response strategy has an asymptotic growth rate, which is the sum of: (i) the maximal growth rate at the worst possible distribution of environments, (ii) relative information between the actual distribution of environments to the worst one, and (iii) information utilization rate which is the information rate of the sensory devices minus the "information dissipation rate", the amount of information not utilized by the cell for growth. In non-stationary environments, the optimal strategy is the time average of the instantaneous optimal strategy and the optimal switching times are evenly spaced in the statistical (Fisher) metric.

Pugatch, Rami; Tlusty, Tsvi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative to Flat Rate Billing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 22 IntroductionIntroduction ·· Modern societies rely on electrical collectionMetering and Rate Models facilitate collection #12;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 33 Rate

Hughes, Larry

391

October 2003 - March 2004 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 - March 2004 (CRAC 5 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2003 - March 2004 (CRAC 5 period) (PDF, 4 pages, 15 kb, corrected December 18, 2003,...

392

April - September 2004 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 (CRAC 6 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April 1 - September 30, 2004 (CRAC 6 period) (PDF, 4 pages, 14 kb, originally posted January 12, 2004;...

393

April - September 2005 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April - September 2005 (CRAC 8 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April - September 2005 (CRAC 8 period) (PDF, 3 pages, 108 kb, posted December 17, 2004)...

394

October 2005 - March 2006 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2005 - March 2006 (CRAC 9 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2005 - March 2006 (CRAC 9 period) (PDF, 4 pages, 116 kb, originally posted...

395

Effects of the H-bond bridge geometry on the vibrational spectra of water: The simplest models of the H-bond potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The approach suggested in this work within the fluctuation theory of the hydrogen bond allows one to correlate the vibrational band shape with the statistical distribution of the geometrical parameters of the O-H

Yu. Ya. Efimov

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Reductive Elimination from Cyclometalated Platinum(IV) Complexes To Form Csp2Csp3 Bonds and Subsequent Competition between Csp2H and Csp3H Bond Activation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reductive elimination reactions of the cyclometalated platinum(IV) compounds [PtMe2Br{C6H4CH?NCH2(4-ClC6H4)}L] (L = SMe2, PPh3) to form Csp3Csp2 bonds, followed by either exclusive Csp2H bond activation (L = SMe2) or competition between Csp2H and Csp3...

Margarita Crespo; Craig M. Anderson; Nicole Kfoury; Merc Font-Bardia; Teresa Calvet

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

Determination of rate constants by the frequency response method  

SciTech Connect

A technique based upon transmission FTIR to obtain rate constants for adsorption and desorption over supported metal catalysts has been developed and tested. The technique requires the use of a sinusoidal perturbation function imposed on steady state linearized adsorption-desorption kinetics. The measurement of a phase lag between the sinusoidal inlet gas phase forcing concentration and the response of surface coverage, together with a measurement of the maximum amplitudes of the forcing function and surface response enable the calculation of the relevant adsorption and desorption rate constants. The technique has been successfully applied to the measurement of both adsorption and desorption rate constants for CO adsorbed on a 1% Pt/SiO/sub 2/ catalyst. The values obtained for these rate constants at 343 K were: K/sub a/ = 0.147 s/sup -1/ and K/sub d/ = 7.28 x 10/sup -3/ s/sup -1/. A sticking coefficient corresponding to the adsorption of weakly bonded CO on Pt under conditions of high CO surface coverage was obtained.

Li, Y.E.; Willcox, D.; Gonzalez, R.D.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

LEED for Homes Rating System affordablemarket rate multi-family  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEED for Homes Rating System affordablemarket rate multi-family #12;The top 25% of new homes based% REGULATIONS lawbreakers DEGREE OF GREEN MARKET SHIFT typical building practices market leaders innovators the negative impact of buildings on their occupants and on the environment. LEED for Homes categories

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

399

The Coal Transportation Rate Database  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Transportation Rate Database (CTRDB) adds new data for 2000 and 2001. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Form 580 "interrogatories" are the primary source for...

400

BPA revises oversupply rate proposal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oversupply-rate-proposal Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Implementation of strength and burn models for plastic-bonded explosives and propellants  

SciTech Connect

We have implemented the burn model in LS-DYNA. At present, the damage (porosity and specific surface area) is specified as initial conditions. However, history variables that are used by the strength model are reserved as placeholders for the next major revision, which will be a completely interactive model. We have implemented an improved strength model for explosives based on a model for concrete. The model exhibits peak strength and subsequent strain softening in uniaxial compression. The peak strength increases with increasing strain rate and/or reduced ambient temperature. Under triaxial compression compression, the strength continues to increase (or at least not decrease) with increasing strain. This behaviour is common to both concrete and polymer-bonded explosives (PBX) because the microstructure of these composites is similar. Both have aggregate material with a broad particle size distribution, although the length scale for concrete aggregate is two orders of magnitude larger than for PBX. The (cement or polymer) binder adheres to the aggregate, and is both pressure and rate sensitive. There is a larger bind binder content in concrete, compared to the explosive, and the aggregates have different hardness. As a result we expect the parameter values to differ, but the functional forms to be applicable to both. The models have been fit to data from tests on an AWE explosive that is HMX based. The decision to implement the models in LS-DYNA was based on three factors: LS-DYNA is used routinely by the AWE engineering analysis group and has a broad base of experienced users; models implemented in LS-DYNA can be transferred easily to LLNL's ALE 3D using a material model wrapper developed by Rich Becker; and LS-DYNA could accommodate the model requirements for a significant number of additional history variables without the significant time delay associated with code modification.

Reaugh, J E

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model-dimensional subcritical Bernoulli bond percolation model conditioned on connecting points (0, ..., 0) and na if scaled percolation cluster in subcritical phase, conditioned on reaching a faraway point on square lattice. We

Kovchegov, Yevgeniy

403

MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897± 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol L of liquid ethanol at three temperatures have been carried out. The hydrogen bonding states of ethanol measurements of the frequency-dependent dielectric permittivity of liquid ethanol. 1. Introduction A detailed

Saiz, Leonor

404

DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201400055 Effects of Adsorbate Coverage and Bond-Length Disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201400055 Effects of Adsorbate Coverage and Bond-Length Disorder on the d the effects of bond-length disorder and adsorbate coverage (CO and H2) on the d-band center of 1.25 nm size Pt catalysts supported on carbon. We found that the decrease in adsorbate coverage at elevated temperatures

Frenkel, Anatoly

405

Energetics of Homogeneous Intermolecular Vinyl and Allyl Carbon-Hydrogen Bond Activation by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of alkanes for both industrial and synthetic applications. While the goal of catalytic activation-H bonds,4 few have allowed for quantification of activated products crucial to the assessment of a C-H bond to a coordinatively unsaturated late-metal center (d8 Rh and Ir), generating a relatively

Jones, William D.

406

Electronic states of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes with bond and site disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy in both of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. The bond disorder gives rise to a huge nanotube. We have also found that suppression of electronic conductance around the Fermi energy due and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. A huge density of states appears at the Fermi energy in the bond disorder case

Harigaya, Kikuo

407

Formation and Dissociation of Intra-Intermolecular Hydrogen-Bonded Solute-Solvent Complexes: Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

architectures in supramolecular chemistry, molecular recognition, and self-assembly. The strength of hydrogen, such as the properties of water4 and biological recognition.3 Hydrogen bonding has been studied extensively in many contexts since the birth of the concept in the early 1900s.2,3,5 Hydrogen bonds can be separated into two

Fayer, Michael D.

408

Testing Geometrical Discrimination within an Enzyme Active Site: Constrained Hydrogen Bonding in the Ketosteroid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing Geometrical Discrimination within an Enzyme Active Site: Constrained Hydrogen Bonding, Stanford UniVersity, Stanford, California 94305, and Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry-chain reorientation and prevent hydrogen bond shortening by 0.1 ? or less. Further, this constraint has substantial

Herschlag, Dan

409

Bond energy effects on strength, cooperativity and robustness of molecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systematic study of the effect of the energy of chemical bonds on the mechanical...insight into the interplay of bond energy, robustness and other geometric...in adverse environments where energy, material quality and quantity as well as time scales...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Bonded carbon or ceramic fiber composite filter vent for radioactive waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Carbon bonded carbon fiber composites as well as ceramic or carbon bonded ceramic fiber composites are very useful as filters which can separate particulate matter from gas streams entraining the same. These filters have particular application to the filtering of radioactive particles, e.g., they can act as vents for containers of radioactive waste material.

Brassell, Gilbert W. (13237 W. 8th Ave., Golden, CO 80401); Brugger, Ronald P. (Lafayette, CO)

1985-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N-AlOOH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N significant amounts of hydrogen in stishovite under lower-mantle conditions. The enthalpy of solution pressure and temperature. We predict asymmetric hydrogen bonding in the stishovite^N-AlOOH solid solution

Stixrude, Lars

412

Bonding of thermoplastic polymer microfluidics Chia-Wen Tsao Don L. DeVoe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW Bonding of thermoplastic polymer microfluidics Chia-Wen Tsao ? Don L. DeVoe Received: 20 Abstract Thermoplastics are highly attractive substrate materials for microfluidic systems, with important microchannels and other microfluidic elements, and thus bonding remains a critical step in any thermo- plastic

Rubloff, Gary W.

413

Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy Measurements of Bond Elongation during a Bimolecular Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to probe the TS of disulfide bond reduction, a bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) reaction. We use calculations of the role of solvent molecules in the reduction TS of an SN2 reaction. These results demonstrateSingle-Molecule Force Spectroscopy Measurements of Bond Elongation during a Bimolecular Reaction

Koti, Ainavarapu Sri Rama

414

Competitive oxygen-18 kinetic isotope effects expose OO bond formation in water oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competitive oxygen-18 kinetic isotope effects expose O­O bond formation in water oxidation. Roth*a Competitive oxygen kinetic isotope effects (18 O KIEs) on water oxidation initiated by ruthenium during oxygenic photo- synthesis.1 Formation of the O­O bond in molecular oxygen has been proposed

Roth, Justine P.

415

Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of adhesion between metals and transition metal carbides/nitrides based on Density Functional Theory(DFT)[14Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel the nature of metal/carbide bonding. Based on the surface and interfacial free energies, we find that both

Adams, James B

416

Neutron diffraction of. cap alpha. ,. beta. and. gamma. cyclodextrins: hydrogen bonding patterns  

SciTech Connect

Cyclodextrins (CD's) are torus-shaped molecules composed of six (..cap alpha..), seven (..beta..) or eight (..gamma..) (1 ..-->.. 4) linked glucoses. ..cap alpha..-CD has been shown to have two different structures with well-defined hydrogen bonds, one tense and the other relaxed. An induced-fit-like mechanism for ..cap alpha..-CD complex formation has been proposed. Circular hydrogen bond networks have also been found for ..cap alpha..-CD due to the energetically favored cooperative effect. ..beta..-CD with a disordered water structure possesses an unusual flip-flop hydrogen bonding system of the type O-H H-O representing an equilibrium between two states; O-H O reversible H-O. ..gamma..-CD with a disordered water structure similar to ..beta..-CD also possesses the flip-flop hydrogen bond. This study demonstrates that hydrogen bonds are operative in disordered systems and display dynamics even in the solid state.

Hingerty, B.E.; Klar, B.; Hardgrove, G.; Betzel, C.; Saenger, W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

RECYCLING RATE STUDY Prepared by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATIONAL RECYCLING RATE STUDY Prepared by: Smith, Bucklin and Associates, Inc. Market Research and Statistics Division Chicago, Illinois July 2003 PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER #12;BCI RECYCLING RATE STUDY TABLE ....................................................................................................1 II. METHODOLOGY A. Total Pounds of Lead Recycled from Batteries

Laughlin, Robert B.

418

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

419

Innovative Rates Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Title II of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) as amended by the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) provided financial assistance to state utility regulatory commissions, nonregulated electric utilities, and the Tennessee Valley Authority through the Innovative Rates Program. The financial assistance was to be used to plan or carry out electric utility regulatory rate reform initiatives relating to innovative rate structures that encourage conservation of energy, electric utility efficiency and reduced costs, and equitable rates to consumers. The Federal and local objectives of the project are described. Activities planned and accomplishments are summarized for the following: project management, data collection, utility bill evaluation, billing enclosure/mailing evaluation, media program evaluation, display evaluation, rate study sessions evaluation, speakers bureau evaluation, and individual customer contacts. A timetable/milestone chart and financial information are included. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

420

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Adenine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adenine Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.339 (0.009, 48) C2-N3 1.331 (0.009, 48) N3-C4 1.344 (0.006, 48) C4-C5 1.383 (0.007, 48) C5-C6 1.406 (0.009, 48) C6-N1 1.351 (0.007, 48) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 48) N7-C8 1.311 (0.007, 48) C8-N9 1.373 (0.008, 48) N9-C4 1.374 (0.006, 48) C6-N6 1.335 (0.008, 48) N9-C1' 1.462 (0.010, 48) C6-N1-C2 118.6 (0.6, 48) N1-C2-N3 129.3 (0.5, 48) C2-N3-C4 110.6 (0.5, 48) N3-C4-C5 126.8 (0.7, 48) C4-C5-C6 117.0 (0.5, 48) C5-C6-N1 117.7 (0.5, 48) C4-C5-N7 110.7 (0.5, 48) C5-N7-C8 103.9 (0.5, 48)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Adenine Protonated Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.357 (0.009, 15) C2-N3 1.305 (0.008, 15) N3-C4 1.356 (0.006, 15) C4-C5 1.378 (0.008, 15) C5-C6 1.403 (0.007, 15) C6-N1 1.359 (0.007, 15) C5-N7 1.379 (0.005, 15) N7-C8 1.312 (0.008, 15) C8-N9 1.373 (0.009, 15) N9-C4 1.365 (0.007, 15) C6-N6 1.320 (0.008, 15) N9-C1' 1.466 (0.009, 15) C6-N1-C2 123.3 (0.6, 15) N1-C2-N3 125.7 (0.6, 15) C2-N3-C4 111.6 (0.4, 15) N3-C4-C5 127.4 (0.6, 15) C4-C5-C6 117.9 (0.5, 15) C5-C6-N1 114.0 (0.4, 15) C4-C5-N7 111.0 (0.3, 15) C5-N7-C8 103.7 (0.4, 15)

422

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Guanine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guanine Guanine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.373 (0.008, 21) C2-N3 1.323 (0.008, 21) N3-C4 1.350 (0.007, 21) C4-C5 1.379 (0.007, 21) C5-C6 1.419 (0.010, 21) C6-N1 1.391 (0.007, 21) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 21) N7-C8 1.305 (0.006, 21) C8-N9 1.374 (0.007, 21) N9-C4 1.375 (0.008, 21) C2-N2 1.341 (0.010, 21) C6-O6 1.237 (0.009, 21) N9-C1' 1.459 (0.009, 21) C6-N1-C2 125.1 (0.6, 21) N1-C2-N3 123.9 (0.6, 21) C2-N3-C4 111.9 (0.5, 21) N3-C4-C5 128.6 (0.5, 21) C4-C5-C6 118.8 (0.6, 21) C5-C6-N1 111.5 (0.5, 21)

423

Bonding Strength by Methane Hydrate Formed among Sand Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of methane hydrate?bearing sand were investigated by low temperature and high confining pressure triaxial testing apparatus in the present study. The specimens were prepared by infiltrating the methane gas into partially saturated sand specimen under the given temperature and stress condition which is compatible with the phase equilibrium condition for the stability of methane hydrate. The tests were firstly performed to investigate the effect of temperature on the shear behaviour of the specimen. Then the effect of backpressure was investigated. The strength of methane hydrate bearing sand increased as the temperature decreased and the back pressure increased. The bonding strength due to methane hydrate was dependent on methane hydrate saturation temperature and back pressure but independent of effective stress. Dissociation tests of methane hydrate were also performed by applying the temperature to the specimen at the various initial stress conditions. The marked development of shear and volumetric strains were observed due to dissociation of the methane hydrate in the specimen corresponding to the initial stress conditions.

M. Hyodo; Y. Nakata; N. Yoshimoto; R. Orense; J. Yoneda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

MATERIALS INTEGRATION FOR HIGH- PERFORMANCE PHOTOVOLTAICS BY WAFER BONDING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No thesis is an individual endeavor, and this thesis would not have been possible without the assistance of my collaborators and advisor and would have been unendurable without the support of my coworkers, friends, and family. I apologize in advance to anyone whom I might omit in this brief acknowledgement, but it is late and I am running out of time! In the summer of 2000, Harry Atwater agreed to allow me to transfer to his group from the chemical engineering department. I was discouraged and doubtful about my future at Caltech and in graduate school in general. Since giving me that chance he has been a great advisor with no shortage of encouragement or ideas. I am never sure if this is by design, but Harry has managed to inspire me to work hard and has given me countless ideas to pursue while always allowing me to feel that I have nearly complete freedom to pursue experiments that are interesting to me. While in Harrys group I had the good fortune to work closely with two post-doctoral scholars, Chang-Geun Ahn and Anna Fontcuberta i Morral. Chang-Geun was extremely helpful in getting the Ge/Si bonding project going and in optical and electrical characterization experiments. Anna was tough to work with because her energy level is so darned high, but she has also been very supportive and her high energy approach to research has pushed me to work

James Michael Zahler; James Michael Zahler

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Dinuclear Metalloradicals Featuring Unsupported Metal-Metal Bonds  

SciTech Connect

Unlike the very labile, unobservable radical cations [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 3}{r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} (M = W, Mo), derivatives [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 2}(PMe{sub 3}){r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} are stable enough to be isolated and characterized. Experimental and theoretical studies show that the shortened M-M bonds are of order 1 1/2, and that they are not supported by bridging ligands. The unpaired electron is fully delocalized, with a spin density of ca. 45% on each metal atom. We thank the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences and Geosciences for support of this work. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. The EPR and computational studies were performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at PNNL. We thank Dr. Charles Windisch for access to his UV-Vis-NIR spectrometer.

van der Eide, Edwin F.; Yang, Ping; Walter, Eric D.; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Bullock, R. Morris

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

426

October 2004 - March 2005 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 - March 2005 (CRAC 7 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2004 - March 2005 (CRAC 7 period) (PDF, 3 pages, 13 kb, originally posted at 11 a.m. on...

427

April - September 2002 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 (CRAC 2 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April - September 2002 (CRAC 2 period) (PDF, 9 kb, posted April 1, 2002) Note: The PDF document above provides...

428

October 2002 - March 2003 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 - March 2003 (CRAC 3 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2002 - March 2003 (CRAC 3 period) (PDF, 14 kb, posted October 1, 2002) Note: The PDF...

429

April - September 2003 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 (CRAC 4 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April - September 2003 (CRAC 4 period) (PDF, 3 pages, 74 kb, updated April 8, 2003) Note: The PDF document...

430

October 2001 - March 2002 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 - March 2002 (CRAC 1 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2001 - March 2002 (CRAC 1 period) (PDF, 6 kb, updated October 3, 2001, posted October 4,...

431

Positron annihilation rates in materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of positron annihilation rate is one subject of a relatively new method of material structure analysis ?? positron annihilation spectroscopy. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) films have been studied by positron annihilation rate measurement. The correlation between annihilation rates and the PET film thickness was established. Similar studies were carried out for aluminium foils and water. The results give information on the probability of positron annihilation per unit of time and per unit of material thickness that is described by an explicit function of the energy transfer model.

Tran Dai Nghiep; Khuong Thanh Tuan; Ngo Danh Du

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Microstructure and fracture toughness aspects of diffusion bonded interface between Ti and Al  

SciTech Connect

This study was undertaken to identify the microstructural characteristics of the intermetallic phases formed at the interface during the bonding process and determine the mechanical properties of Ti-Al dissimilar diffusion bonded joints, namely strength and fracture toughness. Furthermore, the effect of the intermetallic phases on the strength and fracture toughness of the joint was also determined. The effect of strength mis-match between Ti and Al on the fracture process will also be discussed. This investigation is the first phase of a larger project on the characterization of the intermetallics formed and their influence on strength and fracture toughness of the joints between TiAl-TiAl. A series of diffusion bonds of 25mm {times} 25 mm thick Ti bars were produced using aluminum foils of different thicknesses as interlayer. The bonded joints were tested to determine the fracture toughness properties of the interface formed and the effect of intermetallic phase formation on the fracture toughness was evaluated. Four-point bend specimens containing a crack introduced into the interface during the bonding process were tested to determine the diffusion-bonded interface fracture toughness. Tensile tests of the joints were also conducted to determine their strengths. The bonding conditions required to obtain a sound joint between Ti and Al were also evaluated.

Cam, G.; Dobi, D.; Kocak, M. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany); Heikinheimo, L.; Siren, M. [VTT Manufacturing Technology, Espoo (Finland)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Correlation among electronegativity, cation polarizability, optical basicity and single bond strength of simple oxides  

SciTech Connect

A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements in different valence states and with the most common coordination numbers has been searched on the basis of the similarity in physical nature of both quantities. In general, the cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. A systematic periodic change in the polarizability against the electronegativity has been observed in the isoelectronic series. It has been found that generally the optical basicity increases and the single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. The observed trends have been discussed on the basis of electron donation ability of the oxide ions and type of chemical bonding in simple oxides. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the single bond strength of simple oxides as a function of element electronegativity. A remarkable correlation exists between these independently obtained quantities. High values of electronegativity correspond to high values of single bond strength and vice versa. It is obvious that the observed trend in this figure is closely related to the type of chemical bonding in corresponding oxide. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements was searched. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The observed trends were discussed on the basis of type of chemical bonding in simple oxides.

Dimitrov, Vesselin, E-mail: vesselin@uctm.edu [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria)] [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

C-H..O Hydrogen Bonds in Minor Groove of A-tracts in DNA Double Helices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C-H..O Hydrogen Bonds in Minor Groove of A-tracts in DNA Double Helices Anirban Ghosh and Manju-pair as well as cross-strand C-H..O hydrogen bonds in the minor groove. The C2-H2..O2 hydrogen bonds within leads to a narrow minor groove in these regions. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: C-H..O hydrogen bonds

Bansal, Manju

435

DOE Guidance-Category Rating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2010 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTORS FROM: SARA"iJ. Boku1, DIRECToR OF HUMAN C~TAL MANAGEMENT SUBJECT: GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #10 CATEGORY RATING The purpose of this memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE's) policy for the use of Category Rating. Authorities: Public Law 107-296; Title 5 USC 3319; 5 CFR, Part 337, Subpart C., Presidential Memorandum of May 11, 2010 This guidance is established in accordance with 5 USC 3319, which authorizes Federal Agencies to use alternative rating proced.ures in assessing applicants for employment using category rating and selection procedures, and to ensure consistency in complying with federal regulations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and the Department of

436

ARM - Measurement - Radiative heating rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Radiative heating rate The heating rate due to the divergence of long and shortwave radiative flux. Categories Radiometric, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS

437

OpenEI - electric rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

438

High repetition rate fiber lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports work in high repetition rate femtosecond fiber lasers. Driven by the applications including optical arbitrary waveform generation, high speed optical sampling, frequency metrology, and timing and frequency ...

Chen, Jian, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

440

Electric Rate Alternatives to Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"ELECTRIC RATE ALTERNATIVES TO COGENERATION" K. R. SANDBERG, JR. INDUSTRIAL ACCOUNTS MANAGER - TEXAS GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY BEAUMONT, TEXAS ABSTRACT This paper discusses electric rate slternatives to cogeneration for the industrisl... PERSPECTIVE Gulf States Utilities was incorporated in 1925 and is primarily in the business of generating. transmitting and distributing electricity to 555.000 customers in southeast Texas and south Louisiana. The service area extends 350 miles westward...

Sandberg, K. R. Jr.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Thymine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thymine Thymine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.376 (0.008, 50) C2-N3 1.373 (0.008, 50) N3-C4 1.382 (0.008, 50) C4-C5 1.445 (0.009, 50) C5-C6 1.339 (0.007, 50) C6-N1 1.378 (0.007, 50) C2-O2 1.220 (0.008, 50) C4-O4 1.228 (0.009, 50) C5-M5 1.496 (0.006, 50) N1-C1' 1.473 (0.014, 50) C6-N1-C2 121.3 (0.5, 50) N1-C2-N3 114.6 (0.6, 50) C2-N3-C4 127.2 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-C5 115.2 (0.6, 50) C4-C5-C6 118.0 (0.6, 50) C5-C6-N1 123.7 (0.6, 50) N1-C2-O2 123.1 (0.8, 50) N3-C2-O2 122.3 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-O4 119.9 (0.6, 50) C5-C4-O4 124.9 (0.7, 50) C4-C5-M5 119.0 (0.6, 50)

442

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Cytosine Protonated Cytosine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.007, 17) C2-N3 1.384 (0.007, 17) N3-C4 1.353 (0.006, 17) C4-C5 1.413 (0.005, 17) C5-C6 1.346 (0.006, 17) C6-N1 1.365 (0.007, 17) C2-O2 1.212 (0.006, 17) C4-N4 1.315 (0.007, 17) N1-C1' 1.483 (0.015, 17) C6-N1-C2 121.7 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-N3 114.7 (0.7, 17) C2-N3-C4 125.3 (0.7, 17) N3-C4-C5 117.6 (0.5, 17) C4-C5-C6 118.4 (0.5, 17) C5-C6-N1 122.2 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-O2 123.4 (0.7, 17) N3-C2-O2 121.9 (0.5, 17) N3-C4-N4 119.5 (0.7, 17) C5-C4-N4 123.0 (0.8, 17) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (0.9, 17) C2-N1-C1' 116.9 (1.0, 17

443

Developing A Laser Shockwave Model For Characterizing Diffusion Bonded Interfaces  

SciTech Connect

12. Other advances in QNDE and related topics: Preferred Session Laser-ultrasonics Developing A Laser Shockwave Model For Characterizing Diffusion Bonded Interfaces 41st Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Conference QNDE Conference July 20-25, 2014 Boise Centre 850 West Front Street Boise, Idaho 83702 James A. Smith, Jeffrey M. Lacy, Barry H. Rabin, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID ABSTRACT: The US National Nuclear Security Agency has a Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) which is assigned with reducing the worldwide use of high-enriched uranium (HEU). A salient component of that initiative is the conversion of research reactors from HEU to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuels. An innovative fuel is being developed to replace HEU. The new LEU fuel is based on a monolithic fuel made from a U-Mo alloy foil encapsulated in Al-6061 cladding. In order to complete the fuel qualification process, the laser shock technique is being developed to characterize the clad-clad and fuel-clad interface strengths in fresh and irradiated fuel plates. The Laser Shockwave Technique (LST) is being investigated to characterize interface strength in fuel plates. LST is a non-contact method that uses lasers for the generation and detection of large amplitude acoustic waves to characterize interfaces in nuclear fuel plates. However the deposition of laser energy into the containment layer on specimens surface is intractably complex. The shock wave energy is inferred from the velocity on the backside and the depth of the impression left on the surface from the high pressure plasma pulse created by the shock laser. To help quantify the stresses and strengths at the interface, a finite element model is being developed and validated by comparing numerical and experimental results for back face velocities and front face depressions with experimental results. This paper will report on initial efforts to develop a finite element model for laser shock.

James A. Smith; Jeffrey M. Lacy; Barry H. Rabin

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Uracil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uracil Uracil ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.009, 46) C2-N3 1.373 (0.007, 46) N3-C4 1.380 (0.009, 46) C4-C5 1.431 (0.009, 46) C5-C6 1.337 (0.009, 46) C6-N1 1.375 (0.009, 46) C2-O2 1.219 (0.009, 46) C4-O4 1.232 (0.008, 46) N1-C1' 1.469 (0.014, 46) C6-N1-C2 121.0 (0.6, 46) N1-C2-N3 114.9 (0.6, 46) C2-N3-C4 127.0 (0.6, 46) N3-C4-C5 114.6 (0.6, 46) C4-C5-C6 119.7 (0.6, 46) C5-C6-N1 122.7 (0.5, 46) N1-C2-O2 122.8 (0.7, 46) N3-C2-O2 122.2 (0.7, 46) N3-C4-O4 119.4 (0.7, 46) C5-C4-O4 125.9 (0.6, 46) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (1.4, 46) C2-N1-C1' 117.7 (1.2, 46

445

JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 9, NO. 1, MARCH 2000 3 Localized Silicon Fusion and Eutectic Bonding for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are required to provide the bonding energy. For example, the conventional silicon-to-silicon fusion bondingJOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 9, NO. 1, MARCH 2000 3 Localized Silicon Fusion, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Silicon fusion and eutectic bonding processes based on the technique of localized

Lin, Liwei

446

Subangstrom Crystallography Reveals that Short Ionic Hydrogen Bonds, and Not a His-Asp Low-Barrier Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subangstrom Crystallography Reveals that Short Ionic Hydrogen Bonds, and Not a His-Asp Low-Barrier Hydrogen Bond, Stabilize the Transition State in Serine Protease Catalysis Cynthia N. Fuhrmann, Matthew D that destabilizes the His57-Ser195 hydrogen bond, preventing the back-reaction. In both structures the His57-Asp102

Agard, David

447

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed by Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed hydrogen-bond network with nearby amino acid side chains, including a highly conserved tyrosine and glutamine. The participation of particular amino acid side chains in the ultrafast hydrogen-bond switching

van Stokkum, Ivo

448

Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Molecular Complexes and Clusters of Aerosol Nucleation Alexei Khalizov, and Renyi Zhang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Molecular Complexes and Clusters of Aerosol Nucleation Precursors, water, and ammonia. A central feature of the complexes is the presence of two hydrogen bonds. Organic acid-sulfuric acid complexes show one strong and one medium-strength hydrogen bond whereas

449

Hydrogen Bonds Involved in Binding the Qi-site Semiquinone in the bc1 Complex, Identified through Deuterium Exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonds Involved in Binding the Qi-site Semiquinone in the bc1 Complex, Identified through them. The strength of interactions indicates that the protons are involved in hydrogen bonds with SQ. The hyperfine cou- plings differ from values typical for in-plane hydrogen bonds previously observed in model

Crofts, Antony R.

450

Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran and cyclohexane rings in organic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran of the hydrogen bonding counts in crystalline pyranose monosaccharides, we noticed that equatorial hydroxyls formed more hydrogen bonds, on average, than axial groups. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database

de Gispert, Adrià

451

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acids Determines the Nature of Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in BLUF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acids Determines the Nature of Proton results from a hydrogen bond switch between the flavin and its surrounding amino acids that preconfigures a rearrangement of the hydrogen bond network around the flavin takes place leading to a 10-15 nm red shift

van Stokkum, Ivo

452

Quantification of reaction violence and combustion enthalpy of plastic bonded explosive 9501 under strong confinement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The confinement experienced by an explosive during thermal self-initiation can substantially affect performance in terms of deflagrationtodetonation characteristics and explosion/detonation violence. To this end we have developed an experiment to quantitatively observe enthalpy change and reaction violence in thermally initiated plastic bonded explosive (PBX) 9501. Traditionally researchers attempt to quantify violence using terminal observations of fragment size fragment velocity and through subjective observations. In the work presented here the explosive was loaded into a heated gun assembly where we subjected a 300 mg charge to a cook-off schedule and a range of static and inertial confinements. Static confinement was controlled using rupture disks calibrated at 34.5 and 138 MPa. The use of 3.15 and 6.3 g projectile masses provided a variation in inertial confinement. This was a regime of strong confinement; a significant fraction of the explosive energy was required to rupture the disk and the projectile mass was large compared to the charge mass. The state variables pressure and volume were measured in the breech. From these data we quantified both the reactionenthalpy change and energy release rate of the explosive on a microsecond time scale using a thermodynamic analyisis. We used these values to unambiguously quantify explosion violence as a function of confinement at a fixed cook-off schedule of 190 C for 1 h. P 2 ? a measure of critical shock energy required for shock ignition of an adjacent explosive was also computed. We found variations in this confinement regime to have a weak effect on enthalpy change power violence and shock energy. Violence was approximately 100 times lower than detonating trinitrotoluene but the measured shock energy approached the critical shock energy for initiating secondary high explosives.

W. Lee Perry; Peter M. Dickson; Gary R. Parker; B. W. Asay

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 September 28, 2011 Effective immediately, DOE N 470.5, Implementation of Section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, dated 8-12-09 is extended until 9-28-11 Effective immediately, DOE N 470.5, Implementation of Section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, dated 8-12-09 is extended until 9-28-11. Requirements in the Notice will be integrated into a new DOE Order, Personnel Security, which is currently under development. Direct inquiries concerning the extension to Stephanie Brewer, (202) 586-3249. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011

454

Ab initio valence-bond cluster model for ionic solids: Alkaline-earth oxides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A linear M-O-M (M=metal, O=oxygen) cluster embedded in a Madelung field, and also including the quantum effects of the neighboring ions, is used to represent the alkaline-earth oxides. For this model an ab initio wave function is constructed as a linear combination of Slater determinants written in an atomic orbital basis set, i.e., a valence-bond wave function. Each valence-bond determinant (or group of determinants) corresponds to a resonating valence-bond structure. We have obtained ab initio valence-bond cluster-model wave functions for the electronic ground state and the excited states involved in the optical-gap transitions. Numerical results are reasonably close to the experimental values. Moreover, the model contains the ionic model as a limiting case and can be readily extended and improved.

A. Lorda; F. Illas; J. Rubio; J. B. Torrance

1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Non-Destructive Inspection of Adhesive Bonds in Metal-Metal Joints...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm15moore.pdf More Documents & Publications NonDestructive Inspection of Adhesive Bonds...

456

Modeling of Covalent Bonding in Solids by Inversion of Cohesive Energy Curves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We provide a systematic test of empirical theories of covalent bonding in solids using an exact procedure to invert ab initio cohesive energy curves. By considering multiple structures of the same material, it is possible for the first time to test competing angular functions, expose inconsistencies in the basic assumption of a cluster expansion, and extract general features of covalent bonding. We test our methods on silicon, and provide direct evidence that the Tersoff-type bond-order formalism correctly describes coordination dependence. For bond-bending forces, we obtain skewed angular functions that favor small angles, unlike existing models. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, we derive a Si interatomic potential which exhibits comparable accuracy to existing models.

Martin Z. Bazant and Efthimios Kaxiras

1996-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

457

Partial-Transient-Liquid-Phase Bonding of Advanced Ceramics Using Surface-Modified Interlayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Thermal Residual Stresses in Joining Ceramics with ThinIn ceramic/metal/ceramic bonds that undergo thermal cycling,cooling or thermal cycling of the component. Ceramics are

Reynolds, Thomas Bither

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Periodic Hartree-Fock study of a weakly bonded layer structure: Brucite Mg(OH)2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The layered mineral brucite Mg(OH)2 is investigated theoretically using an ab initio all-electron linear combination of atomic orbitals Hartree-Fock (HF) approximation. At the HF level, the interlayer interaction is weak and the interlayer distance is larger than the experimental one. Bonding is discussed on the basis of density of states and charge-density maps. No hydrogen bond is characterized. A posteriori correction of the energy for the correlation error is performed by use of the functional approach. The three semilocal functional formulas used yield similar results. This brings in extra interlayer bonding interaction, and yields a calculated geometry in agreement with experiments. The analysis of the interlayer bondings shows that it is mainly of dispersion type, and that the used functionals account for dispersion, in particular at short interatomic distances.

Philippe DArco; Mauro Caus; Carla Roetti; Bernard Silvi

1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Environmental durability of FRP bond to concrete subjected to freeze-thaw action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed to determine the environmental durability of the adhesive bond between fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) and concrete. The study specifically focused on freeze-thaw cycling exposure of such ...

Dohnlek, Pavel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Financing and risk management of renewable energy projects with a hybrid bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although many incentive schemes and renewable energy policies, such as feed-in tariffs and tax credits, have been imposed to boost renewable energy investment, renewable energy investment still necessitates huge initial capital costs and involves numerous uncertainties. Unless the problems are well addressed, renewable energy developments are hindered. In this paper, we present a new financing instrument, called hybrid bond, to build renewable energy projects. The hybrid bond consists of a portfolio of renewable energy projects. It does not only financially support the initial capital costs, but also manages the risks associated with renewable energy investment. Key risks including market risks, credit risks, liquidity risks, operational risks and political risks are identified and managed. In the proposed framework, it reveals that the sale of a hybrid bond can finance a substantial share of upfront capital costs of renewable energy projects and the use of hybrid bond is able to manage major uncertainties.

Cheuk Wing Lee; Jin Zhong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "treasury bond rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Collective Hydrogen Bond Reorganization in Water Studied with Temperature-Dependent Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use temperature-dependent ultrafast infrared spectroscopy of dilute HOD in H2O to study the picosecond reorganization of the hydrogen bond network of liquid water. Temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared (2D IR), ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca A.

462

Computationally Useful Bridge Diagram Series. II. Diagrams in H-Bonds  

SciTech Connect

Equations for calculating accurate 4-point and 5-point bridge diagrams in terms of h-bonds have been presented and solved for various phase points of the Lennard-Jones fluid. A method of finding a self-consistent solution for the bridge function and the radial distribution function is demonstrated. The significance of this result over bridge diagrams expressed as f-bonds, in terms of its applicability to charged and dipolar models is discussed. Two very simple phenomenological bridge diagram forms for the bridge function for this model are examined and found to give results almost as accurate and in some cases more accurate than previous forms in the literature. This work represents the first use of directly calculated 5-point bridge diagrams in terms of h-bonds, and the many extra orders of f-bond diagrams which they include, in an integral equation result.

Perkyns, John S.; Dyer, Kippi M.; Pettitt, Bernard M.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Relation between the bond lengths in an O-HO bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The data in the literature on the bond lengths of O-HO bridges formed in organic and inorganic crystals have...r 1 ? r 0/b) + exp(?(r 2 ? r 0/b) = ...

G. V. Yukhnevich

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminide-bonded carbide ceramics Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R. Begleyw Summary: include TBCs on superalloys, EBCs on sili- con-based ceramics, or TiCNbN coatings on cemented carbide... with Diffusion Aluminide Bond Coatings,'' Mater....

465

Muon bonding versus muonium formation: Muon-Spin-Relaxation in ?-Al2O3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of Muon-Spin-Relaxation (?SR) experiments on well...2O3...) are reported. Major issue in this study is the controversy of muon bonding or muonium formation in insulators. Transverse ... applied field. The...

C. Boekema; K. C. Chan; R. L. Lichti; A. B. Denison; D. W. Cooke

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Distal hydrogen-bonding effects and cofacial bimetallic salen architectures for oxygen activation chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two distinct structural scaffolds elaborated from Schiff-base macrocycles were designed to study the proton-coupled electron transfer chemistry of 0-0 bond forming and activation chemistry. The "Hangman" architecture is ...

Yang, Jenny Yue-fon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Molecular-bond hardening and dynamics of molecular stabilization and trapping in intense laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stabilization and population trapping of high-lying vibrational states and chemical bond hardening are predicted for both continuous-wave (cw) lasers and short laser pulses. While the intensity dependences of the laser-induced stabilization are essentially...

Yao, Guanhua; Chu, Shih-I

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - azo covalent bond Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Materials Science ; Chemistry 76 1,4-Dimethyl-l,4,5,6-hexahydro-l,2,3,4-tetrazine. A Cyclic cis-2-Tetrazene Summary: the N2-C bond in position for a large interaction...

469

Commercialization of low temperature copper thermocompression bonding for 3D integrated circuits .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wafer bonding is a key process and enabling technology for realization of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3DIC) with reduced interconnect delay and correspondingly increased circuit speed (more)

Nagarajan, Raghavan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Commercialization of low temperature copper thermocompression bonding for 3D integrated circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wafer bonding is a key process and enabling technology for realization of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3DIC) with reduced interconnect delay and correspondingly increased circuit speed and decreased power ...

Nagarajan, Raghavan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Hydrogen Bond Rearrangements in Water Probed with Temperature-Dependent 2D IR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) of dilute HOD in H2O to investigate hydrogen bond rearrangements in water. The OD stretching frequency is sensitive to its environment, and loss ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca A.

472

Hydrogen bonds of DsrD protein revealed by neutron crystallography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen bonds of DNA-binding protein DsrD have been determined by neutron diffraction. In terms of proton donors and acceptors, DsrD protein shows striking differences from other proteins.

Chatake, T.

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

473

Tests of concrete beams with externally-bonded glass-fiber fabric web reinforcement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of strengthening techniques used for rehabilitation of concrete structures is the method of using thin glass and carbon fiber fabrics, which are bonded externally to the surface of concrete. The study is focused on investigating the feasibility of using fabrics...

Dabholkar, Niranjan Shamsunder

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Recognizing molecular patterns by machine learning: an agnostic structural definition of the hydrogen bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of chemical bonding can ultimately be seen as a rationalization of the recurring structural patterns observed in molecules and solids. Chemical intuition is nothing but the ability to recognize and predict such patterns, and how they transform into one another. Here we discuss how to use a computer to identify atomic patterns automatically, so as to provide an algorithmic definition of a bond based solely on structural information. We concentrate in particular on hydrogen bonding -- a central concept to our understanding of the physical chemistry of water, biological systems and many technologically important materials. Since the hydrogen bond is a somewhat fuzzy entity that covers a broad range of energies and distances, many different criteria have been proposed and used over the years, based either on sophisticate electronic structure calculations followed by an energy decomposition analysis, or on somewhat arbitrary choices of a range of structural parameters that is deemed to correspond to a ...

Gasparotto, Piero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Universality aspects of the d = 3 random-bond Blume-Capel model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of bond randomness on the universality aspects of the simple cubic lattice ferromagnetic Blume-Capel model are discussed. The system is studied numerically in both its first- and second-order phase transition ...

Malakis, A.

476

Explicit renormalization-group analysis of the D=2 random-bond Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown by an explicit momentum-space renormalization-group analysis that the true renormalization-group equations for the D=2 random-bond Ising model agree with the equations obtained using the replica trick.

Ganpathy Murthy

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Hydrogen-bonded complexes of serotonin with methanol and ethanol: a DFT study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density functional theoretical studies on hydrogen-bonded complexes of serotonin with methanol/ethanol have been carried out in a systematic ... -hydroxyl group. Serotonin-molecules strongly bind with ethanol tha...

A. Mano Priya; L. Senthilkumar; P. Kolandaivel

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Experimental and Theoretical Examination of C-CN Bond Activation of Benzonitrile Using Zerovalent Nickel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are important in industrial petroleum refining.1 The transition metal catalyzed activation of C-C bonds has been used in organic synthesis, for which the beneficial features of atom economy and chemoselectivity have

Jones, William D.

479

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex With a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51--1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species (v{sub FeN}=1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}{triple_bond}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater ? basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde, J.-U.; Betley, T.A.; Jackson, T.A.; Saouma, C.T.; Peters, J.C.; Que, L.; Jr.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

480

Electronic structure of dimetal bonded systems: ditungsten, dimolybdenum and diruthenium systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a 0.05 contour surface. The z axis is taken to be perpendicular to the plane defined by the tungsten atoms and ? -CO ligands.......24 5 Orbital correlation diagram for 1 illustrating the changes in energy of the four highest occupied (dashed... Page 1 Crystallographic Data for Tungsten Formamidinate Compounds................. 9 2 Bond Parameters (? or deg) for 1................................................................. 11 3 Bond Parameters (? or deg) for 2...

Villagran Martinez, Dino

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Fatigue life evaluation of wire bonds in LED packages using numerical analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Reliability of LED packages is evaluated using several tests. When a thermal shock test, which is one of the reliability tests, is conducted, the most common failure mode is wire neck breakage. In order to evaluate the wire bonding reliability of LED packages, performing the thermal shock test is time-consuming. In this paper the wire bonding reliability for LED packages is evaluated by using numerical analysis. A wire bonding lifetime model for the thermal shock test was developed, which is based on Coffin-Manson fatigue law. The model was calibrated from fatigue data of thermal shock tests and volume averaging accumulated plastic strains. The accumulated plastic strains were calculated by using finite element analysis corresponding to the test conditions. The test conditions were changed by silicones, package sizes, wire bonding diameters, heights, and lengths. The calibrated model was used to estimate the number cycle to failure so that the wire bonding reliability for the thermal shock test was evaluated by performing the numerical analysis. Furthermore, we used a response surface methodology to study the relationship between the wire loop and the accumulated plastic strain to determine the optimal wire loop. The plastic strain was a function of diameter, height and length. At the optimal point, the number of cycle to failure for the thermal shock test was suggested using the wire bonding lifetime model.

Sung-Uk Zhang; Bang Weon Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Modeling and numerical analysis of the bond behavior of masonry elements strengthened with SRP/SRG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Steel Reinforced Polymers (SRPs) and Steel Reinforced Grout (SRG) strengthening systems have been recently introduced as an alternative solution to the traditional systems based on the use of fiber reinforced polymers materials (FRPs). Few studies on SRP/SRG are available in the current literature and all have shown the potentialities of SRP/SRG in improving structural performances of masonry and concrete elements and, at the same time, their difference with respect to \\{FRPs\\} particularly in terms of bond behavior. Aim of the present paper is to propose a simple approach devoted to study the bond behavior of masonry structures strengthened with SRP/SRG systems. The approach, based on experimental evidences and theoretical considerations mainly consists of deriving approximate bond stress-slip laws for the strengthening/support interface layer, able to reproduce the local bond stresses transferring mechanism. Finite Element (FE) analyses are then developed with reference to the experimental tests available in the current literature by adopting the bond stress-slip laws obtained through the proposed approach. The deduced results show the reliability of the proposed approach in simulating the bond behavior of masonry elements strengthened with SRP/SRG and the possibility to investigate further peculiarities characterizing this kind of strengthening systems.

Ernesto Grande; Maura Imbimbo; Elio Sacco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Wafer Bonding and Layer Transfer Processes for High Efficiency Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

A wafer-bonded four-junction cell design consisting of InGaAs, InGaAsP, GaAs, and Ga0.5In0.5P subcells that could reach one-sun AM0 efficiencies of 35.4% is described. The design relies on wafer-bonding and layer transfer for integration of non-lattice-matched subcells. Wafer bonding and layer transfer processes have shown promise in the fabrication of InP/Si epitaxial templates for growth of the bottom InGaAs and InGaAsP subcells on a Si support substrate. Subsequent wafer bonding and layer transfer of a thin Ge layer onto the lower subcell stack can serve as an epitaxial template for GaAs and Ga0.5In0.5P subcells. Additionally, wafer bonded Ge/Si substrates offer the possibility to improve the mechanical performance of existing triple-junction solar cell designs, while simultaneously reducing their cost. Present results indicate that optically active III/V compound semiconductors can be grown on both Ge/Si and InP/Si heterostructures. Current-voltage electrical characterization of the interfaces of these structures indicates that both InP/Si and Ge/Si interfaces have specific resistances lower than 0.1 W?cm2 for heavily doped wafer bonded interfaces, enabling back surface power extraction from the finished cell structure.

Zahler, J. M.; Fontcuberta i Morral, A.; Ahn, C. G.; Atwater, H. A.; Wanlass, M. W.; Chu, C.; Iles, P. A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and antifouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer, preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine)dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy)silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and anti-fouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine) dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy) silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Mechanism and Site Requirements for Activation and Chemical Conversion of Methane on Supported Pt Clusters and Turnover Rate Comparisons among Noble Metals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decomposition, and water-gas shift reactions. Reforming rates are exclusively limited by C-H bond activation, indicating that CO2 activation is quasi-equilibrated and kinetically irrelevant. Binomial water, 2003; In Final Form: January 21, 2004 Isotopic tracer and kinetic studies are used to probe

Iglesia, Enrique

487

Form W-7(Rev. January 2012) Department of the Treasury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the exceptions (see instructions). a Nonresident alien required to get ITIN to claim tax treaty benefit b Nonresident alien filing a U.S. tax return c U.S. resident alien (based on days present in the United States) filing a U.S. tax return d Dependent of U.S. citizen/resident alien e Spouse of U.S. citizen

488

Form W-7(Rev. January 2005) Department of the Treasury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/resident alien Spouse of U.S. citizen/resident alien U.S. resident alien (based on days present in the United States) filing a U.S. tax return and not eligible for an SSN Nonresident alien filing a U.S. tax return and not eligible for an SSN Enter name and SSN/ITIN of U.S. citizen/resident alien (see instructions) b c d e (see

Li, Mo

489

Treasury, Energy Announce $500 Million in Awards for Clean Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the world in creating the clean energy economy of the future." Created under Section 1603 of the Recovery Act, the program is expected to provide more than 3 billion in...

490

Treasury, Energy Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Geithner and Chu announced 550 million in new awards through the Recovery Act's 1603 program, bringing the total to more than 1 billion awarded to date to companies...

491

Treasury, Energy Surpass $1 Billion Milestone in Recovery Act...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Secretary Steven Chu hosted a group of clean energy developers and manufacturers at the White House to discuss how the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) is...

492

Treasury, Energy Announce More Than $2 Billion in Recovery Act...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Recovery Act to increase US manufacturing output, improve energy efficiency, and develop alternative sources of energy." The Recovery Act created a new tax credit program by...

493

Treasury, Energy Departments Release New Advanced Coal Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of energy and industrial feedstock sources that will not significantly contribute to air pollution. Media contact(s): Megan Barnett, Energy Dept. (202) 586-4940 Andrew...

494

Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

technological innovation, speed to project completion, and potential for reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. The Department of Energy will also consider...

495

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 13 pages using this property. 4 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 +, 6 +, 3 +, ... 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 3 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 7 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 8 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + E E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate&oldid=53975

496

Advertising Rates from May 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advertising Rates from May 2012 Abitrich INSIDE: NEW LIFTOUT Isausedluxurycar worththerisk? Page8 May 5, 2012 #12;1 MODULE WIDE DRIVE TABLOID ADVERTISING SIZES VALID FROM MAY 2012 2 MODULES WIDE 8 3pm Thursday Display Phoned Bookings and AdOnline Noon Thursday Noon Thursday Display Advertising

Peters, Richard

497

1993 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules.  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration 1993 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and 1993 Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions, contained herein, were approved on an interim basis effective October 1, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions were approved by the Federal Energy Commission, United States Department of Energy, in September, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions supersede the Administration`s Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions effective October 1, 1991.

US Bonneville Power Administration

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Essays in asset pricing and portfolio choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ?rst part earns a risk premium. All nominal Treasury bonds, including the nominal money-market account, are equally exposed to the residual part except in?ation-protected Treasury bonds, which provide a means to hedge it. Every investor should put 100...

Illeditsch, Philipp Karl

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex with a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51-1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species ({nu}{sub FeN} = 1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater {pi} basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde,J.; Betley, T.; Jackson, T.; Saouma, C.; Peters, J.; Que, Jr., L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Microstructural Examination to Aid in Understanding Friction Bonding Fabrication Technique for Monolithic Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect

Monolithic nuclear fuel is currently being developed for use in research reactors, and friction bonding (FB) is a technique being developed to help in this fuels fabrication. Since both FB and monolithic fuel are new concepts, research is needed to understand the impact of varying FB fabrication parameters on fuel plate characteristics. This thesis research provides insight into the FB process and its application to the monolithic fuel design by recognizing and understanding the microstructural effects of varying fabrication parameters (a) FB tool load, and (b) FB tool face alloy. These two fabrication parameters help drive material temperature during fabrication, and thus the material properties, bond strength, and possible formation of interface reaction layers. This study analyzed temperatures and tool loads measured during those FB processes and examined microstructural characteristics of materials and bonds in samples taken from the resulting fuel plates. This study shows that higher tool load increases aluminum plasticization and forging during FB, and that the tool face alloy helps determine the tools heat extraction efficacy. The study concludes that successful aluminum bonds can be attained in fuel plates using a wide range of FB tool loads. The range of tool loads yielding successful uranium-aluminum bonding was not established, but it was demonstrated that such bonding can be attained with FB tool load of 48,900 N (11,000 lbf) when using a FB tool faced with a tungsten alloy. This tool successfully performed FB, and with better results than tools faced with other materials. Results of this study correlate well with results reported for similar aluminum bonding techniques. This studys results also provide support and validation for other nuclear fuel development studies and conclusions. Recommendations are offered for further research.

Karen L. Shropshire

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z