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1

WECC and Peak Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WECC and Peak Update Transmission B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Pre-decisional. For Discussion Purposes Only. WECC and Peak Background In the...

2

WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This planning reference book is a document reflecting a Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) effort to put together multiple sources of information and provide a clear, systemic, comprehensive outline of the problems, both existing and anticipated; their impacts on the system; currently used and proposed solutions by the industry and research community; planning practices; new technologies, equipment, and standards; and expected future trends. This living (periodically updated) document could help WECC and other practicing engineers, especially the younger generation of engineers joining the workforce, to get familiar with a large variety of information related to the integration of variable resources into the WECC system, bypassing in part the need for time-consuming information gathering and learning processes from more experienced engineers or from the literature.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Vyakaranam, Bharat

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

3

WECC Report 1/98 An Integrated Criterion for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WECC Report 1/98 An Integrated Criterion for the Persistence of Organic Chemicals Based on Model Science Department of the Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A. WECC Wania Environmental-416-977-4953, E-mail: frank.wania@utoronto.ca #12;WECC Report 1/98 2 Table of Contents Some Introductory Thoughts

Wania, Frank

4

WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book: Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document titled ďWECC Variable Generation Planning Reference BookĒ. This book is divided into two volumes; one is the main document (volume 1)and the other is appendices (volume 2). The main document is a collection of the best practices and the information regarding the application and impact of variables generation on power system planning. This volume (appendices) has additional information on the following topics: Probabilistic load flow problems. 2. Additional useful indices. 3. high-impact low-frequency (HILF) events. 4. Examples of wide-area nomograms. 5. Transmission line ratings, types of dynamic rating methods. 6. Relative costs per MW-km of different electric power transmission technologies. 7. Ultra-high voltage (UHV) transmission. 8.High voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC). 9. HVDC. 10. Rewiring of existing transmission lines. 11. High-temperature low sag (HTLS) conductors. 12. The direct method and energy functions for transient stability analysis in power systems. 13.Blackouts caused by voltage instability. 14. Algorithm for parameter continuation predictor-corrector methods. 15. Approximation techniques available for security regions. 16. Impacts of wind power on power system small signals stability. 17. FIDVR. 18. FACTS. 19. European planning standard and practices. 20. International experience in wind and solar energy sources. 21. Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ). 22. various energy storage technologies. 23. demand response. 24. BA consolidation and cooperation options. 25. generator power management requirements and 26. European planning guidelines.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Vyakaranam, Bharat

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

5

WECC releases its first-ever transmission plan for the Western Interconnection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) announced the release of its first 10-Year Regional Transmission Plan (Plan) for the Western Interconnection.

6

Estimation of the WECC System Inertia Using Observed Frequency Transients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer models being developed to understand the interaction between demand-response technology, power system deregulation and market transformation depend in part on understanding the relationship between system frequency and load-control. Frequency, load, and plant outage events data collected over the last several years have permitted analysis to determine the Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) system's inertia during each event. This data was used to evaluate the relationship of system inertia to total load, which is used to model system response to load curtailment programs in next generation power system simulations.

David P. Chassin; Zhenyu Huang; Matthew K. Donnelly; Candee Hassler; Enrique Ramirez; Cody Ray

2004-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

7

Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc Jump to:

8

Energy-water analysis of the 10-year WECC transmission planning study cases.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2011 the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity embarked on a comprehensive program to assist our Nation's three primary electric interconnections with long term transmission planning. Given the growing concern over water resources in the western U.S. the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) requested assistance with integrating water resource considerations into their broader electric transmission planning. The result is a project with three overarching objectives: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western Interconnection to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Western States Water Council (WSWC) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and WSWC. The foundation for the Energy-Water DSS is Sandia National Laboratories Energy-Power-Water Simulation (EPWSim) model (Tidwell et al. 2009). The modeling framework targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. This framework provides an interactive environment to explore trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., state, county, watershed, interconnection). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. The framework currently supports modules for calculating water withdrawal and consumption for current and planned electric power generation; projected water demand from competing use sectors; and, surface and groundwater availability. WECC's long range planning is organized according to two target planning horizons, a 10-year and a 20-year. This study supports WECC in the 10-year planning endeavor. In this case the water implications associated with four of WECC's alternative future study cases (described below) are calculated and reported. In future phases of planning we will work with WECC to craft study cases that aim to reduce the thermoelectric footprint of the interconnection and/or limit production in the most water stressed regions of the West.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Passell, Howard David; Castillo, Cesar; Moreland, Barbara

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

SAS Output  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

B. U.S. Transformer Outages by Type and NERC region, 2012 Outage Type Eastern Interconnection TRE WECC Contiguous U.S. Circuit Outage Counts Automatic Outages (Sustained) 16.00 --...

10

Analysis of the Impact of Balancing Area Cooperation on the Operation of WECC and the Compounding Effect of Wind and Solar Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is the intent of this analysis to examine the operational benefits of increased cooperation between a large number of WECC operating regions.

Jordan, G.; Piwko, D.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAIDI SAIFI SERC SPP TRE WECC Alaska Systems CoordinatingElectricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Midwest ReliabilityCoordinating Council (WECC). Completeness of reported

Eto, Joseph H.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Use of the WECC WAMS in Wide Area Probing Tests for Validation of System Performance & Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During 2005 and 2006 the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) performed three major tests of western system dynamics. These tests used a Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS) based primarily on Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) to determine response to events including the insertion of the 1400-MW Chief Joseph braking resistor, probing signals, and ambient events. Test security was reinforced through real-time analysis of wide area effects, and high-quality data provided dynamic profiles for interarea modes across the entire western interconnection. The tests established that low-level optimized pseudo-random Ī20-MW probing with the Pacific DC Intertie (PDCI) roughly doubles the apparent noise that is natural to the power system, providing sharp dynamic information with negligible interference to system operations. Such probing is an effective alternative to use of the 1400-MW Chief Joseph dynamic brake, and it is under consideration as a standard means for assessing dynamic security.

Hauer, John F.; Mittelstadt, William; Martin, Kenneth E.; Burns, J. W.; Lee, Harry; Pierre, John W.; Trudnowski, Daniel

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Review of the WECC EDT phase 2 EIM benefits analysis and results report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A region-wide Energy Imbalance Market (EIM) was recently proposed by the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). In order for the Western Area Power Administration (Western) to make more informed decisions regarding its involvement in the EIM, Western asked Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to review the EIM benefits study (the October 2011 revision) performed by Energy and Environmental Economics, Inc. (E3). Key components of the E3 analysis made use of results from a study conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); therefore, we also reviewed the NREL work. This report examines E3 and NREL methods and models used in the EIM study. Estimating EIM benefits is very challenging because of the complex nature of the Western Interconnection (WI), the variability and uncertainty of renewable energy resources, and the complex decisions and potentially strategic bidding of market participants. Furthermore, methodologies used for some of the more challenging aspects of the EIM have not yet matured. This review is complimentary of several components of the EIM study. Analysts and modelers clearly took great care when conducting detailed simulations of the WI using well-established industry tools under stringent time and budget constraints. However, it is our opinion that the following aspects of the study and the interpretation of model results could be improved upon in future analyses. The hurdle rate methodology used to estimate current market inefficiencies does not directly model the underlying causes of sub-optimal dispatch and power flows. It assumes that differences between historical flows and modeled flows can be attributed solely to market inefficiencies. However, flow differences between model results and historical data can be attributed to numerous simplifying assumptions used in the model and in the input data. We suggest that alternative approaches be explored in order to better estimate the benefits of introducing market structures like the EIM. In addition to more efficient energy transactions in the WI, the EIM would reduce the amount of flexibility reserves needed to accommodate forecast errors associated with variable production from wind and solar energy resources. The modeling approach takes full advantage of variable resource diversity over the entire market footprint, but the projected reduction in flexibility reserves may be overly optimistic. While some reduction would undoubtedly occur, the EIM is only an energy market and would therefore not realize the same reduction in reserves as an ancillary services market. In our opinion the methodology does not adequately capture the impact of transmission constraints on the deployment of flexibility reserves. Estimates of flexibility reserves assume that forecast errors follow a normal distribution. Improved estimates could be obtained by using other probability distributions to estimate up and down reserves to capture the underlying uncertainty of these resources under specific operating conditions. Also, the use of a persistence forecast method for solar is questionable, because solar insolation follows a deterministic pattern dictated by the sun's path through the sky. We suggest a more rigorous method for forecasting solar insolation using the sun's relatively predictable daily pattern at specific locations. The EIM study considered only one scenario for hydropower resources. While this scenario is within the normal range over the WI footprint, it represents a severe drought condition in the Colorado River Basin from which Western schedules power. Given hydropower's prominent role in the WI, we recommend simulating a range of hydropower conditions since the relationship between water availability and WI dispatch costs is nonlinear. Also, the representation of specific operational constraints faced by hydropower operators in the WI needs improvements. The model used in the study cannot fully capture all of the EIM impacts and complexities of power system operations. In particular, a primary benefit of the EIM is a shorter dispa

Veselka, T.D.; Poch, L.A.; Botterud, A. (Decision and Information Sciences)

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

14

Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cycle Water Consumption for WECC NERC Region ElectricityCycle Water Withdrawals for WECC NERC Region ElectricityTRE TS&D USDA USGS VC W WECC WSI International Organization

Scown, Corinne Donahue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on High-Stability-Low-Cost Supports Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on...

16

START Program: 48 Contiguous States  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Overview fact sheet on the selected DOE Office of Indian Energy Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) projects in the 48 contiguous states.

17

Table of Contents Page 1 NERC 2007 Long-Term Reliability Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..........................................................................................................................................................................35 WECC

18

Task mapping for non-contiguous allocations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines task mapping algorithms for non-contiguously allocated parallel jobs. Several studies have shown that task placement affects job running time for both contiguously and non-contiguously allocated jobs. Traditionally, work on task mapping either uses a very general model where the job has an arbitrary communication pattern or assumes that jobs are allocated contiguously, making them completely isolated from each other. A middle ground between these two cases is the mapping problem for non-contiguous jobs having a specific communication pattern. We propose several task mapping algorithms for jobs with a stencil communication pattern and evaluate them using experiments and simulations. Our strategies improve the running time of a MiniApp by as much as 30% over a baseline strategy. Furthermore, this improvement increases markedly with the job size, demonstrating the importance of task mapping as systems grow toward exascale.

Leung, Vitus Joseph; Bunde, David P. [Knox College, Galesburg, IL; Ebbers, Johnathan [Knox College, Galesburg, IL; Price, Nicholas W. [Knox College, Galesburg, IL; Swank, Matthew [Knox College, Galesburg, IL; Feer, Stefan P. [3M Health Information Systems, Inc., Wallingford, CT; Rhodes, Zachary D. [Allstate Corporation, Northbrook, IL

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

WECC 10-Year Plan general presentation  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012NuclearBradley Nickell Director of Transmission Planning -

20

WECC Response to DOE Quadrennial Energy Review  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012NuclearBradley Nickell Director of Transmission Planning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

MODEL OF PLASMA CURRENT IN TRE TOKAPOLE S.C. Prager, J.C. Sprott, T.R. Osborne and K. Miller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODEL OF PLASMA CURRENT IN TRE TOKAPOLE by S.C. Prager, J.C. Sprott, T.R. Osborne and K. Miller August 1978 Plasma Studies PLP 756 University of Wisconsin These PLP reports are preliminary and informal transmitted without consent of the authors. #12;-1- The magnitude of the toroidal plasma current

Sprott, Julien Clinton

22

THE FREQUENCY OF LARGE HAIL OVER THE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center (SPC) has taken a more traditional approach to exploring the pattern and frequency of large hail. The SPC maintains a database of reported severe thunderstorm events over the contiguous United States agreement between the SPC data and the entries in the NCDC publication Storm Data. Prior to that, data were

23

Method for prefetching non-contiguous data structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low latency memory system access is provided in association with a weakly-ordered multiprocessor system. Each processor in the multiprocessor shares resources, and each shared resource has an associated lock within a locking device that provides support for synchronization between the multiple processors in the multiprocessor and the orderly sharing of the resources. A processor only has permission to access a resource when it owns the lock associated with that resource, and an attempt by a processor to own a lock requires only a single load operation, rather than a traditional atomic load followed by store, such that the processor only performs a read operation and the hardware locking device performs a subsequent write operation rather than the processor. A simple perfecting for non-contiguous data structures is also disclosed. A memory line is redefined so that in addition to the normal physical memory data, every line includes a pointer that is large enough to point to any other line in the memory, wherein the pointers to determine which memory line to prefect rather than some other predictive algorithm. This enables hardware to effectively prefect memory access patterns that are non-contiguous, but repetitive.

Blumrich, Matthias A [Ridgefield, CT; Chen, Dong [Croton On Hudson, NY; Coteus, Paul W [Yorktown Heights, NY; Gara, Alan G [Mount Kisco, NY; Giampapa, Mark E [Irvington, NY; Heidelberger, Philip [Cortlandt Manor, NY; Hoenicke, Dirk [Ossining, NY; Ohmacht, Martin [Brewster, NY; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D [Mount Kisco, NY; Takken, Todd E [Mount Kisco, NY; Vranas, Pavlos M [Bedford Hills, NY

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

24

Estimation of WECC System Inertia Using Observed Frequency Transients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As demand for electricity in the western United States increases, stresses upon the aging power grid are intensifying. Computer models based on complex mathematical relationships are being developed to assist in understanding the impact of deregulation and market transformation. Frequency, load, and plant outage events data collected over the last several years. Analysis of these events was performed to determine frequency deviation and the systems inertial constant (M) during each event. Utilizing a theoretical relationship that relates system inertia to power loss, M was calculated for 157 events. The relationship of M to system wide load was then examined.

Chassin, David P.; Huang, Zhenyu; Donnelly, Matt K.; Hassler, Candee A.; Ramirez, Enrique; Ray, Cody W.

2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

25

SWITCH-WECC Data, Assumptions, and Model Formulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................... 22 2.9.2 Existing Hydroelectric and Pumped Hydroelectric Plants

Kammen, Daniel M.

26

SWITCH-WECC http://rael.berkeley.edu/switch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-synchronized demand, wind output, and solar output data per investment period ∑ Linearized unit-commitment #12; and solar power in California. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, Energy and Resources., 2013. SunShot solar power reduces costs and uncertainty in future low-carbon electricity systems

Kammen, Daniel M.

27

Non-contiguous SCHEMA protein recombination Matthew A. Smith and Frances H. Arnold*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Non-contiguous SCHEMA protein recombination Matthew A. Smith and Frances H. Arnold* Division downloaded and unpacked. This is available from: http://cheme.che.caltech.edu/groups/fha/media/ncr.zip 3

Arnold, Frances H.

28

Error growth in poor ECMWF forecasts over the contiguous United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Successive improvements to the European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasting model have resulted in improved forecast performance over the Contiguous United States (CONUS). While the overall performance of the model in this region was found...

Modlin, Norman Ray

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Predictability of ECMWF 5-day forecasts over the contiguous United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PREDICTABILITY OF ECMWF 5-DAY FORECASTS OVER THE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES A Thesis by LEE SAMUEL NETTERVILLE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AaM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Meteorology PREDICTABILITY OF ECMWF 5-DAY FORECASTS OVER THE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES A Thesis by LEE SAMUEL NETTERVILLE Approved as to style and content by: Duson Djuric (Chair of Committee) pw...

Netterville, Lee Samuel

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Bell-Plesset effects for an accelerating interface with contiguous density gradients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Plesset-type treatment [J. Appl. Phys. 25, 96 (1954)] is used to assess the effects of contiguous density gradients at an accelerating spherical classical interface on Rayleigh-Taylor and Bell-Plesset perturbation growth. Analytic expressions are obtained that describe enhanced Rayleigh-Taylor instability growth from contiguous density gradients aligned with the acceleration and which increase the effective Atwood number of the perturbed interface. A new pathway for geometric amplification of surface perturbations on an accelerating interface with contiguous density gradients is identified. A resonance condition between the density-gradient scalelength and the radius of the interface is also predicted based on a linearized analysis of Bernoulli's equation, potentially leading to enhanced perturbation growth. Comparison of the analytic treatment with detailed two-dimensional single-mode growth-factor simulations shows good agreement for low-mode numbers where the effects of spherical geometry are most manifested.

Amendt, P

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

31

Preamble Design for Non-contiguous Spectrum Usage in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preamble Design for Non-contiguous Spectrum Usage in Cognitive Radio Networks Shulan Feng1 , Heather Zheng2 , Haiguang Wang1 , Jinnan Liu1 , Philipp Zhang1 Hisilicon Technologies, Beijing, China1 can synchronize on their spectrum usage patterns. However, this approach can suffer from high cost

Almeroth, Kevin C.

32

Mitotic chromosomes are chromatin networks without a mechanically contiguous protein scaffold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mitotic chromosomes are chromatin networks without a mechanically contiguous protein scaffold in the electron micro- scope by histone-depleting chromosomes; the resulting micro- graphs show 40-kb DNA loops chromosomes and was essentially a fibrous network of nonhistone proteins (3), which could be isolated

Poirier, Michael

33

Effects of Bit Allocation on Non-contiguous Multicarrier-based Cognitive Radio Transceivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the licensed spectrum is relatively un- used across time and frequency [1]. Nevertheless, current regu- latory flexibility and access to spectrum. To exploit the advantages of cognitive radio transceivers and enableEffects of Bit Allocation on Non-contiguous Multicarrier-based Cognitive Radio Transceivers

Kansas, University of

34

A monthly climatological study of cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics throughout the contiguous United States: 1989-1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as measure their polarity, peak current, and multiplicity. A monthly climatology for the contiguous United States was created for the six years of data to establish an "average year". Analysis was completed for the mean values and interannual variability...

Silver, Alan Corey

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

(Nearly-)Tight Bounds on the Linearity and Contiguity of Christophe Crespelle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop France (2012)" #12;Lemma 1 For a rooted complete binary tree T, rank(T) = ph(T) = h(T). Theorem 2 For any rooted tree T, we have rank(T) = ph(T). Upper bounds for contiguity and linearity of cographs. We by their cotree, a rooted tree with two kinds of nodes labeled by P and S, giving a tight upper bound

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

Electric power supply and demand for the contiguous United States, 1980-1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A limited review is presented of the outlook for the electric power supply and demand during the period 1980 to 1989. Only the adequacy and reliability aspects of bulk electric power supply in the contiguous US are considered. The economic, financial and environmental aspects of electric power system planning and the distribution of electricity (below the transmission level) are topics of prime importance, but they are outside the scope of this report.

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Coal dust contiguity-induced changes in the concentration of TNF- and NF- B p65 on the ocular surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To observe the influence of coal dust on ocular surface of coal miners and rabbits with coal dust contiguity on expression TNF- and NF- Bp65 and dry eye occurrence. Expression TNF- and NF- Bp65 in ocular surface were determined. Results showed tear production, BUT and lysozyme decreased for coal miners and rabbits with coal dust contiguity. Coal dust exposure was linked to development of xerophthalmia, and induced a higher expression of NF- B p65 and TNF- perhaps as a mechanism to resist coal dust ocular surface injury.

Sun, Z.Y.; Hong, J.; Liu, Z.Y.; Jin, X.D.; Gu, C.H. [China Medical University, Shenyang (China)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The maximum potential to generate wind power in the contiguous United States is more than three times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The maximum potential to generate wind power in the contiguous United States is more than three) study. The new analysis is based on the latest computer models and examines the wind potential at wind responsible for the increased wind potential in the study. Developed in collaboration with renewable energy

39

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). WECC has been relatively successful in developing 10 (and soon 20

40

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory, private communi- cation, March 12, 2004. WECC, "WECC 2006 Power Supply Assessment," Western Electricity

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Renewable portfolio standards, Greenhouse gas reduction, and Long-Line transmission investments in the WECC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New, long-distance transmission lines to remote areas with concentrations of high-quality renewable resources can help western states meet the challenges of increasing renewable energy procurement and reducing greenhouse gas emissions more cost-effectively than reliance on local resources alone. The approach applied here to the Western Electricity Coordinating Council is useful for an initial determination of the net benefits of long-line transmission between regions with heterogeneous resource quality. (author)

Olson, Arne; Orans, Ren; Allen, Doug; Moore, Jack; Woo, C.K.

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Development and Validation of WECC Variable Speed Wind Turbine Dynamic Models for Grid Integration Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes reduced-order, simplified wind turbine models for analyzing the stability impact of large arrays of wind turbines with a single point of network interconnection.

Behnke, M.; Ellis, A.; Kazachkov, Y.; McCoy, T.; Muljadi, E.; Price, W.; Sanchez-Gasca, J.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

National Assessment of Energy Storage for Grid Balancing and Arbitrage: Phase 1, WECC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To examine the role that energy storage could play in mitigating the impacts of the stochastic variability of wind generation on regional grid operation, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) examined a hypothetical 2020 grid scenario in which additional wind generation capacity is built to meet renewable portfolio standard targets in the Western Interconnection. PNNL developed a stochastic model for estimating the balancing requirements using historical wind statistics and forecasting error, a detailed engineering model to analyze the dispatch of energy storage and fast-ramping generation devices for estimating size requirements of energy storage and generation systems for meeting new balancing requirements, and financial models for estimating the life-cycle cost of storage and generation systems in addressing the future balancing requirements for sub-regions in the Western Interconnection. Evaluated technologies include combustion turbines, sodium sulfur (Na-S) batteries, lithium ion batteries, pumped-hydro energy storage, compressed air energy storage, flywheels, redox flow batteries, and demand response. Distinct power and energy capacity requirements were estimated for each technology option, and battery size was optimized to minimize costs. Modeling results indicate that in a future power grid with high-penetration of renewables, the most cost competitive technologies for meeting balancing requirements include Na-S batteries and flywheels.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Balducci, Patrick J.; Colella, Whitney G.; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Jin, Chunlian; Nguyen, Tony B.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Zhang, Yu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

An assessment of the available windy land area and wind energy potential in the contiguous United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Estimates of land areas with various levels of wind energy resource and resultant wind energy potential have been developed for each state in the contiguous United States. The estimates are based on published wind resource data and account for the exclusion of some windy lands as a result of environmental and land-use considerations. Despite these exclusions, the amount of wind resource estimated over the contiguous United States is surprisingly large and has the potential to supply a substantial fraction of the nation's energy needs, even with the use of today's wind turbine technology. Although this study shows that, after exclusions, only about 0.6% of the land area in the contiguous United States is characterized by high wind resource (comparable to that found in windy areas of California where wind energy is being cost-effectively developed), the wind electric potential that could be extracted with today's technology from these areas across the United States is equivalent to about 20% of the current US electric consumption. Future advances in wind turbine technology will further enhance the potential of wind energy. As advances in turbine technology allow areas of moderate wind resource to be developed, more than a tenfold increase in the wind energy potential is possible. These areas, which cover large sections of the Great Plains and are widely distributed throughout many other sections of the country, have the potential of producing more than three times the nation's current electric consumption. 9 refs., 12 figs., 13 tabs.

Elliott, D.L.; Wendell, L.L.; Gower, G.L.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Estimated winter 1980-1981 electric demand and supply, contiguous United States. Staff report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the most recent data available concerning projected electrical peak demands and available power resouces for the 1980-1981 winter peak period, as reported by electric utilities in the contiguous United States. The data, grouped by Regional Reliability Council areas and by Electrical Regions within the Council areas, was obtained from the Form 12E-2 reports filed by utilities with the Department of Energy on October 15, 1980 (data as of September 30). In some instances the data were revised or verified by telephone. Considerations affecting reliability, arising from Nuclear Regulatory Commission actions based on lessons learned from the forced outage of Three Mile Island Nuclear Unit No. 2, were factored into the report. No widespread large-scale reliability problems are foreseen for electric power supply this winter, on the basis of the supply and demand projections furnished by the electric utilities. Reserve margins could drop in some electric regions to levels considered inadequate for reliable service, if historical forced-outage magnitudes recur.

None

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC). 2010. Scope of the EfficientCoordinating Council (WECC) authorized a cost benefitthe Western Interconnection (WECC 2010). Some utilities are

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Western Electricity Coordinat- ing Council (WECC).The WECC is the organization responsible for coordinatingof these regions. First The WECC periodically reports on the

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

publications.html PG&E. 2007a. WECC Regional PlanningCalifornia Electric: WECC Regional Planning Project,Presentation January 23,2008 WECC Regional Planning Review

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8.1.1 The WECC Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Generation mix of the WECC model . . . . . . . . . . . .Net load of WECC for each day type (not including wind power

Papavasiliou, Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2012. Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC).2011. WECC Efficient Dispatch Toolkit Cost-Benefit Analysis.Coordinating Council (WECC). 2010. Scope of the Efficient

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource Plans in the Western United States and Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC) (2005). Hourly Demands 1998-Coordinating Council (WECC, 2005). 3 To compare utilitiesíone to three years. The WECC control area roughly includes

Hopper, Nichole

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1: Spectral content of WECC data Arnold SchwarzeneggerCoordinating†Council†(WECC)†utility† transmission†Coordinating†Council†(WECC)† coordination,†and†North†

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC) region with increasedgeneration in the wider WECC region, at least partially.the region of study were WECC, geographic diversity of solar

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Coordinating Council (WECC), the National RenewableSubstations Recommendations For WECC Transmission Expansioncoordinated with the CAISO and WECC. OTHER The target budget

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AD? OpenDocument WECC 2005, Frequency Response Standard,30-minute response. Finally, a WECC proposes a reduction ineach Balancing Area to a single WECC wide spinning reserve

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cohen (DOE), Todd Conkey (WECC), Neely Crane-Smit (MNCEE),Diamond (LBNL), George Edgar (WECC), Lara Ettenson & team (Assistance Program WECC Ė Wisconsin Energy Conservation

Zimring, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Understanding Bulk Power Reliability: The Importance of Good Data and A Critical Review of Existing Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

separation ConEd NY - Terrorist Attack WECC- AZNMSNVcontractor accident WECC- NWPP severe weather Date #Rain TransEnergie short circuit WECC line fault Jacksonville

Fisher, Emily

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air†Conditioner†Testing†in†WECC,Ē†IEEE†Power† Engineering†Air†Conditioner†Modeling,†WECC†Load†Modeling†Task† Force†in†power†system†studies:†WECC†progress†update,?†Power†and†

Lesieutre, Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Coordinating Council (WECC); Fred LeBlanc, WesternAdministration (WAPA) and WECC; and Dorris Lam, Californiaon System Stability. WECC system stability is enhanced when

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Financial Analysis of Incentive Mechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of a Prototypical Southwest Utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Corporation (WECC) 1993. ďEvaluation of DSMnumber of future years (WECC 1993). Disallowance of theseutilityís financial strength (WECC 1993). Utilities focused

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts on Regional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNM PSCO PSE PUC SDG&E SCE WECC average megawatts Britishwith appropriate NERC and WECC committees and subcommitteesconsistent across NERC, WECC and state/regional assessments

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Frequency Control Performance Measurement and Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standard Drafting Team, September 30. [81] WECC Tutorial onSpeed Governors, WECC Control Work Group, February 1998,http://www.wecc.biz/library/WECC%20Documents/Documents%

Illian, Howard F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBJECT: WECC Reorganization The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) is one of nine regional electric reliability councils. The WECC region encompasses the entire Western Interconnection, including (FERC) issued a joint report identifying deficiencies in WECC's management of its reliability

64

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PV REC RPS RT SAM T&D TES WECC WREZ WWSIS VG VOLL AncillaryCoordinating Council (WECC). http://www.wecc.biz/committees/Coordinating Council (WECC). TEPPC TAS 2020 Dataset

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Dynamic Simulation Studies of the Frequency Response of the Three U.S. Interconnections with Increased Wind Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on work performed by the WECC Wind Generator Modeling GroupModeling Approach in the WECC. Ē IEEE Transactions on PowerNational Laboratory. 11. WECC. 2008. WECC Standard BAL-002-

Mackin, Peter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Responsive Reserve Report. WECC Frequency Responsive Reserve=&View={BB5A76DA-21C8-48FC-9468-F82B395DF8F9} WECC.2008. WECC Standard BAL-002-WECC-1 - Contingency Reserves.

Eto, Joseph H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Interactions between Energy Efficiency Programs funded under the Recovery Act and Utility Customer-Funded Energy Efficiency Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minnesota OES), Sue Hason (WECC), Alan Hee, Robert Jackson (Power), Kathy Kuntz (WECC), Thad Kurowski (Colorado GEO),

Goldman, Charles A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Quantifying the relative contribution of the climate and direct human impacts on mean annual streamflow in the contiguous United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Climate change and human activities are known to have induced changes to hydrology. Quantifying the relative contribution of the impact of each factor on the hydrologic response of watersheds requires the use of some type of model. In this paper, a decomposition method based on the Budyko model is used to divide the relative contribution of climate and human on mean annual streamflow for 413 watersheds in the contiguous United States. The data of annual precipitation, runoff and potential evaporation of each of the watersheds are obtained from the international Model Parameter Estimation Project (MOPEX), which is often assumed to only include gages unaffected by human activities. The data is split in to two periods (1948-1970 and 1971-2003). The relative contributions of climate change and human activities to the observed change in mean annual streamflow between the two periods are estimated. Although climate change is found to impact annual streamflow more than human activities, the results show that assuming the dataset is unaffected by human activities is far unrealistic. Also climate and human induced changes are more stringent in arid regions where water is limited. The results are compared using four single-parameter functional forms and with previously published data.

Wang, Dingbao; Hejazi, Mohamad I.

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

69

Transmission Planning Process and Opportunities for Utility-Scale Solar Engagement within the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. Market barriers unrelated to technology often limit the expansion of utility-scale solar power, even in areas with exceptional resource potential. Many of these non-technical barriers have to do with policy, regulation, and planning, and hardly ever do they resolve themselves in a timely fashion. In most cases, pre-emptive intervention by interested stakeholders is the easiest way to remove/address such barriers, but it requires knowing how to navigate the institutional waters of the relevant agencies and boards. This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. It focuses on the Western Interconnection (WI), primarily because the quality of solar resources in the Southwest makes utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaics (PV) economically feasible, and because the relevant institutions have evolved in a way that has opened up opportunities for removing non-technical market barriers. Developers will find in this report a high-level field manual to identify the venues for mitigating and possibly eliminating systemic market obstacles and ensuring that the economic playing field is reasonably level. Project-specific issues such as siting for transmission and generation resources are beyond the scope of this report. Instead, the aim is to examine issues that pervasively affect all utility-scale PV and CSP in the region regardless of where the project may be. While the focus is on the WI, many of the institutions described here also have their counterparts in the Eastern and the Texas interconnections. Specifically, this report suggests a number of critical engagement points relating to generation and transmission planning.

Hein, J.; Hurlbut, D.; Milligan, M.; Coles, L.; Green, B.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

≠ Western Interconnection (WECC) 5 WECC 10 and 20 Year Plans ß In 2007, WECC's Transmission Expansion, WECC expanded this effort under the Regional Transmission Expansion Project (RTEP) project and agreed to develop "Transmission Plans" in 2011 and 2013 #12;7/26/2012 4 WECC 10 and 20 Year Plans The first 10 year

71

Joseph MORSEL COMMENT PEUT-ON TRE PARISIEN ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

appartenance. Bref, derrière le pastiche de la question posée au Persan Rica, il faut voir une remise en cause

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

TRE AT I s E - Department of Mathematics, Purdue University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mnr?m in Demmrk-?reet, 3'. link at King l Edward's ... and UfeliulJScience, wherein the Safety, Wealth and Glory .... all,I anti belt known by thol'e of the No-. \\-

73

Int. J. Critical Infrastructures, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2007 235 Copyright 2007 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Council (WECC). We present simulations to show the change in the WECC system over 20 years. We explain-term model. The usefulness of the model is illustrated by showing simulated impacts on the WECC system due

Ford, Andrew

74

Distributed Energy Resource Optimization Using a Software as Service (SaaS) Approach at the University of California, Davis Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SaaS TCF TOU UCD USDOE WAPA WECC Building Automation SystemCoordinating Council (WECC), and the emissions represent theother words, electricity in WECC is assumed fully fungible

Michael, Stadler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PUC PV REC RPS SEP TWh WECC WREGIS alternative complianceoriginating within M-RETS; OR: WECC for unbundled RECs, U.S.portion of WECC and delivered to LSE for renewable

Wiser, Ryan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D.C. E-Three (2011) WECC EDT Phase 2 EIM Benefits Analysis &2011. 23 pages. NREL/TP-5500-49218. WECC (2010) ProposedConcepts For the WECC Efficient Dispatch Toolkit Energy

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Physical Impacts of Climate Change on the Western US Electricity System: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lett. 34:L19703. [46] WECC 2005. Power Supply Assessment.=index&req=getit&lid [56] WECC Planning Data White Paper,Coordinating Council (WECC) [46, 55, 56], while our

Coughlin, Katie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investments in the WECC. Ē The Electricity Journal 22(9):Coordinating Council (WECC). In Section 3 we examine theannual energy demand in the WECC with new RE for a target

Mills, Andrew D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration -- Phase 2 Findings from the Summer of 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than required by NERC and WECC reliability rules. 2. TheRMSE SCADA SCE SDP VHF WAN WECC Air conditioning AutonomousElectric Coordinating Council (WECC) rules for contingency

Eto, Joseph H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Commercial and Industrial Base Intermittent Resource Management Pilot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid in accordance with WECC standards. Operating Reserves 5required to meet NERC and WECC reliability standards. Theseand Operator (CAISO 2010c). WECC Standard BAL-STD-002-0 Ė

Kiliccote, Sila

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Implementation of California AB 32 and its Impact on Wholesale Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the dirtiest plants in the WECC fall into two categories,Capacity factors of non-Cal WECC plants (> 75 MW) with CO2consumed elsewhere in the WECC. If those regions are not

Bushnell, Jim B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.4 Case Study: WECC 225-Bus2.4.1 Characteristics of the WECC 225-Bus3.2.1 Characteristics of the WECC 225-Bus System . . . . . .

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investments in the WECC. Ē The Electricity Journal 22(9):when unbundled RECs are allowed on a WECC-wide basis.renewable energy costs WECC-wide by using RECs is found to

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System Operator. WECC (2006) Information Summary, Westernx SDG&E SMR SMUD TID v VMT WECC San Diego Gas & ElectricCoordinating Council (WECC) differ somewhat from the CEC and

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A Regional Approach to Market Monitoring in the West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RTO SMUD SCED SCUC SSG-WI WAPA WECC Arizona Public Serviceaggregated form. For example, WECC publishes a daily reportfor three sub-regions of WECC, but the report does not

Barmack, Matthew; Kahn, Edward; Tierney, Susan; Goldman, Charles

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be Incorporated into the WECC Phasor Network PMU Locationand Validation in the WECC. Ē IEEE Transactions on PowerkV line in the Portland area. WECC system was separated into

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

California's Greenhouse Gas Policies: Local Solutions to a Global Problem?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RPS programs of states in the WECC is from The Database forRenewables Natural Gas Oil Coal AZ-NM OR-WA Rest of WECCTotal WECC % Total WECC Source: Plattís Powerdat database.

Bushnell, Jim B; Peterman, Carla Joy; Wolfram, Catherine D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements: Motivating residential customers to invest in comprehensive upgrades that eliminate energy waste, avoid high utility bills, and spur the economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Corporation (WECC). The projectĎs goal was toConservation Corporation (WECC was contracted to support theRESNET RFP RPV SMUD VCEM WECC ZIP Baltimore Neighborhood

Fuller, Merrian C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.....................................................6 1.1.1 Summary of Recommendations by WECC.....................................................6 1.1.2 WECC Voltage Stability Criteria ....................................................................9 1

90

Document 2006-17 September 19, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC) is developing guidelines to recommend appropriate methodologies for assessing resource adequacy. Although the NERC and WECC efforts act as drivers, momentum is also building within

91

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nameplate White Book Winter WECC Winter WECC Summer EIA Winter EIA Summer Beaver 1-7 521 586.2 521 497 470

92

Document 2006-22 November 15, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Warning Implementation Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC) is developing guidelines to recommend appropriate methodologies for assessing resource adequacy. Although the NERC and WECC efforts act as drivers, momentum is also building within

93

Strategic Planning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a single BPA data repository * Data quality improvements * Improve model alignment with WECC planning data * Improve WECC base case coordination * Align the BPA data model with...

94

Keep in mind, that with formality, often comes more of a standing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advisor, Department of Energy (confirmed) Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) RTEP Status Update Byron Woertz, Senior Project Manager, WECC (confirmed) Western...

95

Sandia National Laboratories: Transmission Grid Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grid Integration, Wind Energy Sandia finalized and submitted the updated "WECC Wind Power Plant Dynamic Model-ing Guide" and the "WECC PV Power Plant Dynamic Modeling...

96

Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling & Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grid Integration, Wind Energy Sandia finalized and submitted the updated "WECC Wind Power Plant Dynamic Model-ing Guide" and the "WECC PV Power Plant Dynamic Modeling...

97

Attachment B Applicants must submit properly completed 1(A/B), S1(A/B), and S5(A/B) forms to certify or precertify  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Authority ∑ WECC interconnection substation location ∑ Commercial Operations Date (date the facility began

98

Transmission Design at the National Level: Benefits, Risks and Possible Paths Forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Dale Osborn, Consulting Advisor, Transmission Management, Midwest

99

DRAFT Released for Public Comment February 14, 2008 W. Bill Booth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC) for consideration in its assessment of West-wide resource adequacy. The term

100

Arnold Schwarzenegger INTERMITTENCY ANALYSIS PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Tehachapi, Imperial, Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) and Frontier Line working groups

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

21 a 25 de maio de 2006 May 21rst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently, studies of the WECC power systems, which spans the western US, have identified load modelling

102

DATE Apr 26 2011 RECD. Apr 26 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC). The proposed changes include new Conditions of Certification for the gas turbine

103

Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................. 1 1.0 Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) WAMS (Wide Area Measurement System

104

Energy Optimization (Electric)- Residential Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Optimization Programs, administered by WECC, provides residential electric incentives for the following Michigan utilities:

105

Energy Optimization (Electric)- Commercial Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Optimization Programs, administered by WECC, provides commercial electric incentives for the following Michigan utilities:

106

Territoire, bien-tre et inclusion sociale, Confrences cadres LE SYSTEME REGIONAL D'INNOVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Territoire, bien-être et inclusion sociale, Conférences cadres 26 LE SYSTEME REGIONAL D'INNOVATION la période fordiste, l'innovation y est analysée comme le résultat d'un produit social et)" #12;Territoire, bien-être et inclusion sociale, Conférences cadres 27 Le système régional d'innovation

Boyer, Edmond

107

Formation l'tranger, fuite des cerveaux et bien-tre national  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of university systems, individuals' abilities, sunk costs of education, as well as labour market conditions gain, international migration, sunk costs, educational grants JEL classification codes: F22, F15 hal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

Comunicato stampa Uno sguardo in anteprima sulla tre giorni pi attesa dal mondo ICT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'unico nodo in tutta l'Europa meridionale, perché gli altri si trovano a Berlino, Parigi, Stoccolma, Helsinki

109

ausTralian cenTre for biosecuriTy and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Climate change Our Environmental Economics programs focus on natural-resource management economics and natural resource management. AC BEE maintains a central focus on engaging with, and assisting management · Species conservation · Agricultural productivity · Biodiversity · Soil and water management

Botea, Adi

110

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using the standard planning models of WECC, the model showed the system to be operating normally while independently at BPA, Powertech and WSU, respectively, giving solidity to the conclusions. Of the two WECC

111

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to refine and revise standards to reflect improved methods and changing conditions ∑ Work with WECC adequacy;Northwest Power and Conservation Council Transmission ∑ Participate in WECC activities and assessment ≠ Wind

112

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the nation's power supplies. We expect that the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC adequacy assessment for the Pacific Northwest power supply will aid WECC's efforts. ∑ The Bonneville Power

113

"This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible."  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as in the Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) system. The interconnection of different control areas can of the whole system. The two famous WECC cases in the summers of 1996 and 2000 were both associated with poorly

114

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the nation's power supplies. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) is in the process for the Northwest and the corresponding adequacy assessments will aid in WECC's efforts. The Bonneville Power

115

Customer Forum 34 Agenda  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- 1:00 Lunch 1:00 - 1:30 Mid-C Topics Update on regional Mid-C discussions 1:30 - 2:00 WECC Operating Reserve Requirement Describe ongoing efforts to implement WECC BAL-002- 02...

116

W. Bill Booth Bruce A. Measure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the nation's power supplies. We expect that the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC adequacy assessment for the Pacific Northwest power supply will aid WECC's efforts. ∑ The Bonneville Power

117

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 7: Transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, there has been significant progress in both areas. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) has and significant progress in the last five years. Both regional and WECC-wide organizations have been created

118

A Smart Grid Vulnerability Analysis Framework for Coordinated Variable Structure Switching Attacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the approach. Moreover the insights gained from the vulnerability analysis of the WECC system are consistent approach is detailed in Section III along with an illustration of the procedure on the WECC 3-machine, 9

Kundur, Deepa

119

Abstract--The California Independent System Operator Corporation (CAISO) is in charge of managing the electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the entire WECC network and consists of the detailed representation of the CAISO control grid and a simplified representation of the WECC (Western Electricity Coordinating Council) bulk power system. Creating

McCalley, James D.

120

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) has done a study, which is now being reviewed by BPA studied by WECC. The committee also had a report on the Regional Technical Forum's Policy Advisory

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121

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.........................................................................................................3 1.2. Overview of WECC-CA ISO Phasor Network ................................................................................................................21 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1: Current and Future WECC-California ISO Phasor Data Communication Network

122

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 Figure 1-4 Four-Node Example Based on the WECC6 Figure 1-5 Four-Node Example Based on the WECCPAE PBA RA RON SERC TWh WECC Annual Energy Outlook U.S.

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that this interim regional standard be submitted to the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) in order to inform WECC's ongoing process to develop West- wide adequacy standards. The term "standard

124

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) is the sub-regional entity responsible for coordinating-regions are using probabilistic methods to assess adequacy (the lone exception is WECC, which is planning to move

125

Sandia National Laboratories: Electric Power Generation and Water...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

data can be accessed in two different ways: ArcGIS Online: interact with data in a geospatial context, Excel Spreadsheet: download raw data. WECC Data and WECC Visualization...

126

Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth CodestheatforContacts Contacts ContactContaminants

127

Ravi Aggarwal 11:52 AM 10/12/2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adequacy Forum (I put the regional forum. Do we need to include Resource Adequacy Workgroup under WECC

128

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standard for the region. Adopting a regional standard would be a first step in providing input to WECC

129

CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the WECC transmission system specified by the IOU in its power purchase contract with the facility. Filing

130

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

submitting study requests to WECC for the 2014 transmission case, Yost stated. We have also asked staff

131

Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 225bus WECC model. ∑ The Project Advisory Committee (PAC) for its candid and insightful input

132

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and talked about submitting study requests to WECC for the 2014 transmission case, Yost stated. We have also

133

Power and Frequency Control as it Relates to Wind-Powered Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20. Typical simulated response of WECC system frequencies to38. Sample A Ė Response of WECC system frequency to loss ofP-C2A P-C2B RES1 RES2 VLD WECC Balancing area 1 Area Control

Lacommare, Kristina S H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) has recently finished. That will be followed by presentations Group (NTTG). In this context, they are called "subregional" planning groups, where WECC is the "regionGrid and NTTG, and west-wide through WECC. The coordination efforts of transmission providers are required

135

Resource Adequacyq y Advisory Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessments NERC Pilot Program WECC ≠ Load and resource annual report ≠ Compliance with NERC pilot program = expected amount of unserved load (MW-hours) 3. Normalized EUE 6 #12;12/5/2013 4 WECC Annual loads and adverse weather Calculates LOLH and EUE for NERC 7 WECC L&R Report 2013 "No Problem" Summer Normal

136

Simulating the Impact of a Carbon Market Electricity System in the Western U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and engineering methods. This approach has been implemented in a model of the WECC, the Western Electricity Coordinating Council. The methods and assumptions of the WECC model are explained in the appendicies Act C. Electricity Generation 4. Could We See Similar Results in the WECC? D. Wholesale and Retail

Ford, Andrew

137

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planning in the region and in WECC. This has become more complex over the past year with DOE having awarded substantial funding to WECC and the states, acting through the Western Governors' Association and the Western construction but siting difficulties are showing up ∑ New overall WECC-wide planning process ≠ DOE funding

138

Progress Report on Power Division Work Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies ∑ Data development for the WECC/TEPPC 2020 transmission assessment 7 #12;Bonneville ∑ Resource of adequacy methodology ∑ Work with WECC and NERC on assessments 9 #12;Demand Response & Smart Grid ∑ Review ∑ Participation in WECC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee (TEPPC) ≠ Provided PNW load forecast

139

tre calcule au voisinage d'un point critique de la densit de phonons en supposant un double gap.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dans un supraconducteur au- dessus de Tc dans le cas de la limite sale. Les solutions sont utilisées auL + eV. Donc pour établir et résoudre les équations de Dyson pour les propagateurs renor- malisés à un

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

140

clut que ces dterminations doivent tre reprises et se d'entreprendre lui-mme ce travail. R. BLONDLOT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sulfo-antin10- niure d'argent ; 3¬į sur diff√©rentes faces naturelles de platinocya- nure de magn√©sium. Si

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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141

2281 T. BONADONNA. -LA il BERGAMINE peuvent tre dcolors pat simple agitation avec de l'acide sulfu-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, -, \\ " . \\ 1 - 2281 T. BONADONNA. - LA il BERGAMINE ¬Ľ ~1 , peuvent √™tre d√©color√©s pat simple des laiteries ont √† leur disposition plusieurs- centrifuges Babcock; il convient den-modifier une pLn'est pas toujours visible, cela d√©pendra, de la salaison du beurre; il est g√©n√©ralement facile d'appr6cier

Boyer, Edmond

142

Variations of methane emissionswithin and between threehydroelectric reservoirs in Brazil; Variationen av metanemissioner inom ochmellan tre hydroelektriska vattendammar.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Hydroelectricity is an energy resource which for a long time has been consideredenvironmentally neutral regarding greenhouse gas emission. During the last years this viewhasÖ (more)

Grandin, Karin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Comunicato stampa A Povo dal 18 al 20 aprile: anteprima sulla tre giorni pi attesa dal mondo ICT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'Europa meridionale, perché gli altri si trovano a Berlino, Parigi, Stoccolma, Helsinki ed Eindhoven. Il secondo

144

This research has been carried out for the Chlorine Chemistry Council under contracts number 9461 and 9462.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 9462. WECC Wania Environmental Chemists Corp. 27 Wells Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5R 1P1 Tel. +1-416-516-6542, Fax. +1-416-516-7355, E-mail: frank.wania@utoronto.ca WECC Report 2/2000 A Comparison of Overall and Discussion of Paths Forward 36 Acknowledgements 37 References 38 List of Project Participants 41 #12;WECC

Wania, Frank

145

Combining Balancing Areas' Variability: Impacts on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the potential impact of balancing area cooperation on a large-scale in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC).

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Beuning, S.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

BPA Transmission Commercial Project Roadmap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Project Roadmap 15-Minute Scheduling Dynamic Transfer Program NT Redispatch WECC-Bal- 002 ST Comp & Preemption ST ATC Method. PCM Monthlyweekly Implementation PCM...

147

Topic A Awardee: Western Electricity Coordinating Council | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

transmission plans for the Eastern and Western Interconnections, and for ERCOT. WECC received notification from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) on December 18, 2009...

148

ST ATC Methodology Automation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

For Discussion Purposes Only. Transition Following coordination with WECC, BPA has recently determined that flow-based ETC calculations may be performed under...

149

Optimization Online - Toward Scalable Stochastic Unit Commitment ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 16, 2014 ... Using a variant of the WECC-240 test case with 85 thermalgeneration units, we demonstrate the ability of our approach to solve realistic,†...

Kwok Cheung

2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

Billing Factors for Operating Reserves September 30, 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are effective on October 1, 2014. This implements the FERC approved standard BAL-002-WECC-2. Operating Reserve - Spinning Reserve: The Billing Factor for the rates specified in...

151

Available Alarms in CDE for Next-Day Generation Estimates - March...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

submit Generation Estimates through the Customer Data Entry (CDE) in web Trans or the WECC Electronic Industrial Data Exchange (EIDE) as described in BPAT's Business Practices....

152

Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Variable Generation Subcommittee at the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) has been investigating the benefits of cooperation between Balancing Authorities (BAs)...

153

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Executive Summary,...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

any power purchase agreements, including those for renewables 2 . * Except for California and Alberta, transmission in WECC is primarily contractually obligated and utilized....

154

Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North America Dynamic Wind Generator Modeling Update, Basedperformed by the WECC Wind Generator Modeling Group and theand in particular, wind generators are the primary resources

Eto, Joseph H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Dynamic Simulation Studies of the Frequency Response of the Three U.S. Interconnections with Increased Wind Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North America Dynamic Wind Generator Modeling Update, Basedperformed by the WECC Wind Generator Modeling Group and theTo model the interactions between wind generators and the

Mackin, Peter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Case Study - Western Electricity Coordinating Council  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Smart Grid Strategy for Assuring Reliability of the Western Grid The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) is the Regional Entity responsible for coordinating and...

157

FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 † 1.2.1. † Air†Conditioner†Testing†and†16 † 2.0 † Air†Conditioner†Results†of†Residential†Air†Conditioner†Testing†in†WECC,Ē†

Lesieutre, Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Platinum-Based Electrocatalysts Synthesized by Depositing a Contiguous...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

inventive catalysts. Applications and Industries Supercapacitors, batteries, fuel cells; oxygen-reduction; heterogeneous catalysis Technology Status Technology ID Development...

159

C:\\Backup\\Plan 5\\Portfolio Work\\Olivia\\SAAC 2010\\110202 SAAC Meeting\\Notes\\110202 SAAC minutes 110520.docx Page 1 110202 SAAC minutes 110520.docx  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a few subtleties. Models that represent the region as part of a larger system, such as the WECC, may. It was mentioned in the meeting that just as WECC RPM results are difficult to interpret vis-ŗ-vis the "region" so

160

tre tlcharg partir de http://www.univ-orleans.fr/mapmo/soft/FullSWOF/. Le modle rsout le systme de SaintVenant. Les difficults numriques viennent des  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

models. Two physical models are often used to model overland flow: kinematic (KW) and diffusive wave (DW runoff √Ā Shallow water system √Ā Well-balanced scheme √Ā Hydrostatic reconstruction √Ā Finite volumes √Ā Dry be taken such as using grass strips. We have to know how the water is moving in order to put

Lucas, Carine - Le Laboratoire de Mathématiques

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

sont ceux o la surface est tangente un cne au lieu d'tre tan-plan; ils sont disposs symtriquement deux par deux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'unitť Siemens et l'unitť britannique ou Ohm. L'unitť Siemens est la rťsistance d'un prisme de mercure pur de i million d'Ohms. La conversion des unitťs Siemens en Ohnms, ou inversement, se fait en sachant que 1 Ohm - 1,0486 unitťs Siemens, i unitť Siemens = o,9536 Ohm. L'ťtalon est construit en alliage de platine

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

162

dases de la salive d'abeille. La structure de L1 et de L2 n'a pas pu tre dtermine si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) The pollution of honeys from the uranium mining area in Thuringia with the natural radionuclides 235U, 238U, 226. The pollution of honey with natural radionuclides in the area of former ura- nium mines in Thuringia (Wismut the mining area is not dangerous for humans. Contamination du miel par des radionu- cléides naturels dans l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

204 BULLETIN OF TRE UNITEII sfrxrnsFISTI coxaiissIoN. red flesh and are delicious eating. The growth of lhis ish in a place  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it passes from a weight of S gmms to S kilograms [$ ounce to 153 pouurls: about], jucreasing a tliousaucl Rhiiid carp and those of Montreuil-sur-lder are highly esteemccl, viliile those of the Lot River pass in big boxes for f'i.01~two to tliree weeks in running river mfer, so as to be rid of` the muddy taste

164

b120058 DPGF ESPCI -ramnagement de diffrents laboratoires et bureaux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VENTILLATION CLIMATISATION ventilation double flux Conduits en PVC diamètre 120 mm Conduits en PVC diamètre 60 mm Conduite en PVC diamètre 100 mm PEINTURE ET REVETEMENT SOL Peinture mur Peinture Plafond

Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

165

Operating Reserves: Billing Implementation Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

D M I N I S T R A T I O N 2 Overview Explain the billing delay in implementing new WECC OR standards Customer outreach New project schedule Review new OR billing...

166

The Daily ER Retro Report 06-09-11.xls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

non- firm) capacity of the other COB and NOB path owners. The maximum limit used is the WECC path rating, which may include capacity that may not be available for scheduling due to...

167

The Daily ER Retro Report 06-08-11.xls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

non-firm) capacity of the other COB and NOB path owners. The maximum limit used is the WECC path rating, which may include capacity that may not be available for scheduling due to...

168

SWITCH Model Capability Overview Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory http://rael.berkeley.edu/switch November 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the investment framework captures aspects of wind and solar variability and mitigation measures the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC): California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Utah generation infrastructure Install and operate conventional and renewable generation capacity using projected

Kammen, Daniel M.

169

SCENARIOS FOR MEETING CALIFORNIA'S 2050 CLIMATE GOALS California's Carbon Challenge Phase II Volume I: Non-Electricity Sectors and Overall Scenario Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Investment in Wind and Solar Power in Californiagigawatts (GW) of wind and solar power capacity in the WECC,Load Areas in 2050 Wind and solar power are key elements in

Wei, Max

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Evaluation of Production Cost Savings from Consolidation of Balancing Authorities in the US Western Interconnection under High Wind and Solar Penetration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces a comprehensive analysis to quantify the potential savings in production cost due to consolidation of 32 US western interconnection Balancing Authorities (BAs). Three simulation scenarios are developed: current Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) BAs structure, full copper-sheet consolidation, and full consolidation with transmission congestion considered. The study uses WECC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee (TEPPC) model that was developed for the year 2020. The model assumes 8% wind and 3% solar energy penetration as percentage of total WECC demand in 2020. Sensitivity analyses are carried out to assess the impact of transmission hurdle rates between WECC BAs on potential benefits. The study shows savings that ranges from $400 Million (2.4% of total one year production cost) to $600 Million (3.2%) per year in thermal units production cost due to consolidation can be achieved. The copper sheet consolidation scenario shows an extra savings of $240 Million (1.4%) per year.

Nguyen, Tony B.; Samaan, Nader A.; Jin, Chunlian

2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

171

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

zone in the Base case, the HVDC Long Lines case, and the RECselection to meet 33% RE WECC-wide in the HVDC Long LinesREC Base Case Short Line HVDC Long Lines Equal Solar Finance

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Value of Wind Power Forecasting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study, building on the extensive models developed for the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), uses these WECC models to evaluate the operating cost impacts of improved day-ahead wind forecasts.

Lew, D.; Milligan, M.; Jordan, G.; Piwko, R.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based†on†real?time†PMU†data† by†observing†the†differences†as† analysis†of†WECC†PMU†data. †The†recommended†analysis†approach. † V (pu) P-V curve PMU data P (pu) P-V curve PMU

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration. 2005a. Annual Energy Outlook 2005. EIA/DOE.RON SERC TWh WECC Annual Energy Outlook U.S. Department ofAccording to the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2004 Reference

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Korarchael Genome Reveals Insights into the Evolution of the Archaea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POP4 RpsQ GcvT GlcD GlpC WecC RPS17A DnaG PelA MesJ ProSGlmS PorA PorB PorG GlpG AraD WecC IspA ArsB GckA J J J J J

Elkins, James G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Analysis of Potential Energy Corridors Proposed by the Western Electricity Coordinating Council  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, Analysis of Potential Energy Corridors Proposed by the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), was prepared by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne). The intent of WECCís work was to identify planning-level energy corridors that the Department of Energy (DOE) and its affiliates could study in greater detail. Argonne was tasked by DOE to analyze the WECC Proposed Energy Corridors in five topic areas for use in reviewing and revising existing corridors, as well as designating additional energy corridors in the 11 western states. In compliance with Section 368 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct), the Secretaries of Energy, Agriculture, and the Interior (Secretaries) published a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement in 2008 to address the proposed designation of energy transport corridors on federal lands in the 11 western states. Subsequently, Records of Decision designating the corridors were issued in 2009 by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the U.S. Forest Service (USFS). The 2012 settlement of a lawsuit, brought by The Wilderness Society and others against the United States, which identified environmental concerns for many of the corridors requires, among other things, periodic reviews of the corridors to assess the need for revisions, deletions, or additions. A 2013 Presidential Memorandum requires the Secretaries to undertake a continuing effort to identify and designate energy corridors. The WECC Proposed Energy Corridors and their analyses in this report provide key information for reviewing and revising existing corridors, as well as designating additional energy corridors in the 11 western states. Load centers and generation hubs identified in the WECC analysis, particularly as they reflect renewable energy development, would be useful in reviewing and potentially updating the designated Section 368 corridor network. Argonne used Geographic Information System (GIS) technology to analyze the proposed energy corridors in the WECC report in five topic areas: ? Federal land jurisdiction, ? Existing Section 368 corridors, ? Existing transmission lines, ? Previously studied corridor locations, and ? Protected areas. Analysis methods are explained and tables and maps are provided to describe the results of the analyses in all five topic areas. WECC used a rational approach to connecting the hubs it identified, although there may be opportunities for adapting some of the proposed WECC routes to previously designated Section 368 corridors, for example: ? The WECC proposed energy corridors are in fact centerlines of proposed routes connecting hubs of various descriptions related to electric energy transmission. Although the centerlines were sited to avoid sensitive areas, infrastructure proposed within actual pathways or corridors defined by the centerlines would sometimes affect lands where such development would not normally be allowed, such as National Parks and Monuments, National Wildlife Refuges, and Wilderness Areas. ? Many WECC proposed energy corridors are sited along centerlines of existing roads, including Interstate Highways, where in some cases additional width to accommodate energy transmission infrastructure may not be available. Examples include the WECC Proposed Corridor along Interstate 70 through Glenwood Canyon in Colorado, and along U.S. Highway 89 across Glen Canyon Dam in Arizona. ? Several WECC proposed energy corridors are parallel to designated Section 368 corridors that have already cleared the preliminary steps to right-of-way approval. In many of these cases, the WECC hub connection objectives can be met more efficiently by routing on the designated Section 368 corridors.

Kuiper, James A.; Cantwell, Brian J.; Hlava, Kevin J.; Moore, H Robert; Orr, Andrew B.; Zvolanek, Emily A.

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - algorithm-based automatic contiguation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Visa... .doc (cherry) revised 542011lv Automatic Extension of Visa Validity For Aliens in F and J Status "Automatic... Extension" is also known as "Automatic Revalidation."...

178

Project: Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on High-Stability-Low-Cost Supports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Horn Massachusetts Institute of Technology Rachel O'Malley, David Thompsett, Sarah Ball, Graham Hard Johnson Matthey metal loading: 0.2 mgPGM /cm2 (cathode) ( 0.3 mgPGM /cm2 both electrodes) Activity (PGM catalysts): 0 - Method for depositing smooth, uniform Pt MLs Intensity profiles from the scan lines in (a) and (b) (open

179

A National Assessment of Stressors to Estuarine Fish Habitats in the Contiguous USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) eutrophication. These datasets were combined using a multiscale hierarchical spatial framework to provide, and land use all showed strong correlations with eutrophication mea- sured within estuaries. Our approach . Pollution . Eutrophication . Land cover Introduction Estuaries are critically important biological, cultural

180

Platinum-based electrocatalysts synthesized by depositing contiguous adlayers on carbon nanostructures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High-surface-area carbon nanostructures coated with a smooth and conformal submonolayer-to-multilayer thin metal films and their method of manufacture are described. The preferred manufacturing process involves the initial oxidation of the carbon nanostructures followed by immersion in a solution with the desired pH to create negative surface dipoles. The nanostructures are subsequently immersed in an alkaline solution containing non-noble metal ions which adsorb at surface reaction sites. The metal ions are then reduced via chemical or electrical means and the nanostructures are exposed to a solution containing a salt of one or more noble metals which replace adsorbed non-noble surface metal atoms by galvanic displacement. Subsequent film growth may be performed via the initial quasi-underpotential deposition of a non-noble metal followed by immersion in a solution comprising a more noble metal. The resulting coated nanostructures may be used, for example, as high-performance electrodes in supercapacitors, batteries, or other electric storage devices.

Adzic, Radoslav; Harris, Alexander

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

SEU response of an entire SRAM cell simulated as one contiguous three dimensional device domain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first SEU response of a complete 3-D SRAM cell is presented. This simulation method allows to verify the accuracy of the commonly used mixed-mode technique and to study coupling effects between different junctions of the cell.

Roche, P.; Palau, J.M.; Bruguier, G.; Gasiot, J. [Univ. Montpellier II (France)] [Univ. Montpellier II (France); Belhaddad, K. [ISE France, Seyssinet (France)] [ISE France, Seyssinet (France); Ecoffet, R. [CNES, Toulouse (France)] [CNES, Toulouse (France)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Measured severe wind gust climatology of thunderstorms for the contiguous United States, 2003-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2009 Bryan T. Smith 1 , Andrew C. Winters 2, 3 , Corey M. Mead 1 , Andrew R. Dean 1 , and Tomas E. Castellanos 4 1 NOAA/NWS/NCEP/Storm Prediction Center, Norman, Oklahoma 2 National Weather Center Research

183

A contiguity-enhanced k-means clustering algorithm for unsupervised multispectral image segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonproliferation and International Security Division, MS-D436 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 for remote sensing applications ranging from environmental and agricultural to national security interests of the earth and of other planets by orbiting satellites, and in observational astronomy, image data

Theiler, James

184

Tornado Climatology of the Contiguous United States (NURG/CR-4461). Wind and  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Reviewwill help prepareA Review ofGeographictoSeismicity of0

185

Tornado Climatology of the Contiguous United States (NURG/CR-4461). Wind and  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Reviewwill help prepareA Review ofGeographictoSeismicity

186

Optimizing TLB entries for mixed page size storage in contiguous memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for accessing memory are provided. The system comprises a lookup buffer for storing one or more page table entries, wherein each of the one or more page table entries comprises at least a virtual page number and a physical page number; a logic circuit for receiving a virtual address from said processor, said logic circuit for matching the virtual address to the virtual page number in one of the page table entries to select the physical page number in the same page table entry, said page table entry having one or more bits set to exclude a memory range from a page.

Chen, Dong; Gara, Alan; Giampapa, Mark E.; Heidelberger, Philip; Kriegel, Jon K.; Ohmacht, Martin; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

188

Art. 56 du rglement des examens et des jurys unique En cas de non disponibilit d'une note lors de la dlibration, l'valuation pourra tre neutralise par le  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3.110) Mercredi 25/06/2014 9h00: BA Chimie ­ Polyvalent (salle Solvay) ­ Proclamation (Forum F) 10h00: MA Tourisme (IGEAT) 11h00: MA Chimie (salle Solvay) 14h00: BA Géologie (salle Solvay) - Proclamation (Forum F) 15h30: MA Géologie (salle Solvay) 16h00: MA Bioinformatique et modélisation + Année Préparatoire (NO906

Cerf, Nicolas

189

La vita d'Etienne d'Obazine ( 1159), une aventure alimentaire Etienne d'Obazine ne devait pas tre un homme commode. Abb intransigeant et craint, ses colres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sa figure une ¬ę terre aride ¬Ľ (arida tellus), creus√©e par les rides comme des sillons de labour, o√Ļ

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

190

1197 South Lumpkin Street Athens Georgia 30602-3603 weddings@georgiacenter.uga.edu 706.542.2654 each enTre includes a Beverage and your choice oF a desserT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Thousand Island, Basil Vinaigrette, Bleu Cheese, or Ranch Dressing. Served with Luncheon Rolls and Crackers Salad Dressings: Low-Calorie Italian, Honey-French, Vidalia Onion, Low-Fat Raspberry Vinaigrette Lettuce, Sliced Tomato, and Tangy Dressing. Served on Focaccia and Accompanied by Pasta Salad and a Dill

Arnold, Jonathan

191

Le produit r a est, on le voit, loin d'tre constant ; il dcrot quand la temprature s'lve, et cela de 12 pour 100 de sa valeur,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'UN LIQUIDE; PAR M. E. BOUTY. [SUITE (1) ]. II. ---∑ MESURE ABSOLUE DU PH…NOM»NE DE PELTIER AU CONTACT D production du phťnomŤne de Peltier, s'il existe ; enfin le dťgagement de chaleur rťsultant d possible de celles de Inexpťrience. . Pour rťaliser cette ťtude prťliminair e, j'entoure le rťservoir du

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

192

surface si faible qu'elle n'a pu encore tre apprcie. Il faut en conclure, dans l'hypothse de Volta, que le rayon de la sphrc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- cien de Bonn croie nťcessaire, pour l'explication du phťnomŤne de Peltier, qu'une fraction (en tout cas; PAR M. A. ROSENSTIEHL. La question qui doit Ítre rťsolue dans cette Note est celle de savoir si le

Boyer, Edmond

193

Voici donc le dernier numro de Gosciences-Infos avant l't. Un t sans rapport AERES rdiger... Mais avec quelques devoirs de vacances tout de mme, de faon tre tout--fait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

édito Voici donc le dernier numéro de Géosciences-Infos avant l'été. Un été sans rapport AERES à

Demouchy, Sylvie

194

Probabilistic Vulnerability Assessment Based on Power Flow and Voltage Distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Risk assessment of large scale power systems has been an important problem in power system reliability study. Probabilistic technique provides a powerful tool to solve the task. In this paper, we present the results of a study on probabilistic vulnerability assessment on WECC system. Cumulant based expansion method is applied to obtain the probabilistic distribution function (PDF) and cumulative distribution function (CDF) of power flows on transmission lines and voltage. Overall risk index based on the system vulnerability analysis is calculated using the WECC system. The simulation results based on WECC system is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. The methodology can be applied to the risk analysis on large scale power systems.

Ma, Jian; Huang, Zhenyu; Wong, Pak C.; Ferryman, Thomas A.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

ALIMENTS COMPLETS AGGLOMRS A BASE DE PAILLE ET DE CRALES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

par le diamètre des agglomérés (filière de io ou de 18 mm de diamètre ; aliments FIp et F18). La

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

196

Ny ageNda for humaNioras fremtid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mere ... af helge hollesen hho@adm.au.dk Omkring tre ud af fire ansatte har nu afgivet deres vurdering

197

Higher and more variable methylmercury biomagnification factors for floodplain than the contiguous river (South River, Virginia USA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in floodplain food webs at two more locations (North Park and Grand Cavern). Four of five models built to date and Grand Cavern locations were 17.4 (95% CI of 9.5­31.6) and 6.2 (95% CI of 3.5­11.0) respectively. FWMF

Newman, Michael C.

198

Measured Severe Convective Wind Climatology and Associated Convective Modes of Thunderstorms in the Contiguous United States, 200309  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Wisconsin--Madison, Madison, Wisconsin COREY M. MEAD, ANDREW R. DEAN, AND RICHARD L. THOMPSON NOAA

199

Climatology of near-storm environments with convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. (1993), Rasmussen and Blanchard (1998; hereafter RB98), Rasmussen (2003), and Craven and Brooks (2004; hereafter CB04). These studies either relied on implicit assumptions (e.g., supercells produced type (CB04). More recent work by Thompson et al. (2003; hereafter T03), Thompson et al. (2007

200

Operating Reserves Billing Rules  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N * The FERC approved standard BAL-002-WECC-2 for Contingency Reserves was effective on 10114. * Rules for assigning...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Compression station key to Texas pipeline project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This was probably the largest pipeline project in the US last year, and the largest in Texas in the last decade. The new compressor station is a key element in this project. TECO, its servicing dealer, and compression packager worked closely throughout the planning and installation stages of the project. To handle the amount of gas required, TECO selected the GEMINI F604-1 compressor, a four-throw, single-stage unit with a six-inch stroke manufactured by Weatherford Enterra Compression Co. (WECC) in Corpus Christi, TX. TECO also chose WECC to package the compressors. Responsibility for ongoing support of the units will be shared among TECO, the service dealer and the packager. TECO is sending people to be trained by WECC, and because the G3600 family of engines is still relatively new, both the Caterpillar dealer and WECC sent people for advanced training at Caterpillar facilities in Peoria, IL. As part of its service commitment to TECO, the servicing dealer drew up a detailed product support plan, encompassing these five concerns: Training, tooling; parts support; service support; and commissioning.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Strategic Planning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BAL-002-WECC-2 Operating Reserves May 6, 2014 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N 2 Presentation Objectives Provide customers with information regarding...

203

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Board, sponsored a high-level, westwide benefit/cost study of the proposal, which WECC Board an overview of the proposed Energy Imbalance Market (EIM) and will review the conclusions of the benefit/cost through the Western Interstate Energy Board, has benefit/cost study of the proposal, which was presented

204

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groups · Environmental Advocates · Technology Advocates · Tribal Representatives · Federal Agencies 2013 system to meet load as well as policy requirements, such as renewable portfolio standards. WECC's most development of Demand- Side Management, Distributed Generation and Energy Efficiency resources. There was also

205

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assessment concluded that the Loss of Load Hours (LOLH) and Expected Unserved Energy #12;851 S.W. Sixth, the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) develops a transmission expansion plan, a reliability participating utilities. Individual utilities also conduct their own transmission system expansion planning

206

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

§ Updates to the model inputs include: ­ Demand Forecast ­ Natural Gas Price Forecast ­ A comprehensive Since the 6th Plan, the demand forecast has dropped ­ both WECC wide and to a lesser extent, the Pacific 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 AveMW Demand Forecast 2012 Update System Wide 6th Plan System Wide -140

207

SCENARIO ANALYSES OF CALIFORNIA'S ELECTRICITY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¬ģ ................................................................................................. H-1 H-2. Comparison of Natural Gas Forecasts and Their Methodologies -U.S. Energy Information........................... H-14 H-3. The High Gas Forecast Scenario for Sustained Natural Gas Scarcity-of-WECC Scorecards for Base, High, and Low Gas Cases

208

N d'ordre : 2011-19 Thse de l'Universit de Lyon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bertrand professeur ICTT ECL Nbre ICTT 1 CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

N D'ORDRE : ECL 2011-22 Anne 2011 Prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICTT 1 CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET

Boyer, Edmond

210

pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Ecole Centrale de Lyon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICTT ECL CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

211

N d'ordre : ECL 201105 Anne 2011 prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL tel-00627875,version1-29Sep2011 #12;2 GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Nr d'ordre : 2010-32 ECOLE CENTRALE DE LYON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECL Nbre ICTT 1 CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

Numro d'ordre : Anne 2009 prsente devant l'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-S√©gol√®ne Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric Professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel Directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel Directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve Directeur de recherche INL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

214

No d'ordre : ECL 2010 -22 Anne 2010 prsente  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL (&2 professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve directeur de recherche INL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

215

N D'ORDRE : ECL 2011 04 ANNEE 2011 prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

216

Qualit et Service informatique (d'un laboratoire) -JLA 1 Qualit et Service Informatique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de conna√ģtre le contenu du standard ITIL ou de la norme ISO 20000 qui sont des r√©f√©rences de bonnes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

D f c ^ o o o 0 g TD)TJ(^/m..  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Nuclear Research Cen- tre, Atomic Energy of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt. ISBN 87-550-1102-0 ISSN 0106-2840 Grafisk

218

Demokratisering i Egypt : En studie av prosesser og argumenter pŚ veien mot demokrati.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Utgangspunktet for denne oppgaven er demokratisering i Egypt. Ved Ś studere aktuelle demokratiseringsprosesser i Egypt sÝker oppgaven Ś belyse holdbarheten til tre nyere demokratiseringsteser: detÖ (more)

ōien, Sofie BjÝrlo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

CENTRE DE RECHERCHES CRITIQUES SUR LE DROIT (CERCRID)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saint Etienne GOUT Olivier, HDR Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences, Universit√© Jean Monnet de Saint Etienne MOUNCIF

Boyer, Edmond

220

Acknowledgments vii Introduction 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's The Grapes of Wrath, F√©lix-Antoine Savard's Menaud, ma√ģtre-draveur, and Robert J. C. Stead's Grain 224 7

Kaus, Boris

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Initial Studies on Actionable Control for Improving Small Signal Stability in Interconnected Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power consumption and demand continues to grow around the world. As the electric power grid continues to be put under more stress, the conditions of instability are more likely to occur. One cause of such instabilities is intearea oscillations, such as the oscillation that resulted in the August 10, 1996 blackout of the WECC. This paper explores different potential operations of different devices on the power system to improve the damping of these interarea oscillations using two different simulation models

Tuffner, Francis K.; Huang, Zhenyu; Zhou, Ning; Guttromson, Ross T.; Jayantilal, Avnaesh

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

222

Effects of pesticides on black-tailed jackrabbits in the Presidio Basin, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& rsms snd non?o & jlo I ca i &5 wecc. 'sc . 7\\ded. 'fhis &vas also the mon 6 ?her& no pz'e ' . u icz we'"c ' ?corded, ih s?wed g'& ts are &sn a &nc&. ion oF lumnol -&ze . o, ~ =- young anic&als w& re a&i &ed& co Lh "y?lrling" &! ss in the &. pl &ng...

Hanselka, C. Wayne

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Looking past the first year: Do the savings last  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation (WECC) conducted a Study of the Persistence of Energy Savings in Low-Income Wisconsin Residences for the Department of Energy's (DOE) Existing Buildings Efficiency Program. The study assessed the persistence of energy savings resulting from participation in the Wisconsin Utility Weatherization Assistance Program (UWAP). The study assessed the impact of weatherization and heating system measures up to eight years after the installation of energy conservation measures (ECMS) in low-income, gas-heated residences, the majority of which are 1- and 2-unit buildings. Primary data for the study came from two utilities, Wisconsin Gas Company and Madison Gas Electric Company. Both utilities provided WECC with their weatherization program databases, which contained participant information back to 1982. WECC also obtained fuel consumption information for the program participants from each utility. The consumption histories spanned a 6-year period from March 1985 through May 1991 for Wisconsin Gas Company participants, and a 5-year period from October 1986 through August 1991 for Madison Gas Electric Company participants. After attrition, the study included 5,129 customers from the Wisconsin Gas Company program and 1,553 customers from the Madison Gas Electric Company program.

Narum, D.; Pigg, S.; Schlegel, J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Looking past the first year: Do the savings last?. A study of the persistence of energy savings in low-income Wisconsin residences, final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation (WECC) conducted a Study of the Persistence of Energy Savings in Low-Income Wisconsin Residences for the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Existing Buildings Efficiency Program. The study assessed the persistence of energy savings resulting from participation in the Wisconsin Utility Weatherization Assistance Program (UWAP). The study assessed the impact of weatherization and heating system measures up to eight years after the installation of energy conservation measures (ECMS) in low-income, gas-heated residences, the majority of which are 1- and 2-unit buildings. Primary data for the study came from two utilities, Wisconsin Gas Company and Madison Gas & Electric Company. Both utilities provided WECC with their weatherization program databases, which contained participant information back to 1982. WECC also obtained fuel consumption information for the program participants from each utility. The consumption histories spanned a 6-year period from March 1985 through May 1991 for Wisconsin Gas Company participants, and a 5-year period from October 1986 through August 1991 for Madison Gas & Electric Company participants. After attrition, the study included 5,129 customers from the Wisconsin Gas Company program and 1,553 customers from the Madison Gas & Electric Company program.

Narum, D.; Pigg, S.; Schlegel, J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Fonctions et passage de paramtre par rfrence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de la variable locale dans la fonction appelée ne modifie la variable passée en paramètre, parce que rajouter le caractère & entre le type et le nom du paramètre. Ainsi, l'exécution du code : 1 void change

Lacroix, Mathieu

226

d'ordre : 1 1 1 COLE CENTRALE DE LILLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Herv√© CAMUS Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences √† l'√?cole Centrale de Lille Invit√© Olivier BERUT Directeur gratitude aux directeurs de cette th√®se le Professeur Pascal YIM et √† Herv√© CAMUS, Ma√ģtre de Con- f√©rences

Boyer, Edmond

227

N d'ordre : 151 Ecole Doctorale SPI 072 (EC Lille)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EC Lille Directeur de th√®se Mohamed BENREJEB Professeur √† lENIT Co-encadrant Herv√© CAMUS Ma√ģtre de reconnaissance √† Monsieur Etienne CRAYE, Directeur de lEC-Lille, √† Monsieur Herv√© CAMUS, Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences √†

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

228

Generalized Spectral Decomposition for Stochastic Non Linear Problems 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.nouy@univ-nantes.fr (Anthony Nouy), olm@limsi.fr (Olivier P. Le Ma√ģtre). URLs: http://www.univ-nantes.fr/nouy-a (Anthony Nouy), http://www.limsi.fr/Individu/olm (Olivier P. Le Ma√ģtre). 1 This work is supported by the French

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

Programme des 3mes Rencontres de l'ESS en Vaucluse le 18 octobre 2012 08h30 Accueil et visite des stands AT 04  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programme des 3√®mes Rencontres de l'ESS en Vaucluse le 18 octobre 2012 du film sur l'ESS en Vaucluse dans l'amphith√©√Ętre 09h00 Amphith√©√Ętre AT 04 Lancement des 3√®mes rencontres de l'ESS en pr√©sence de

Naud Frédéric

230

N d'ordre : 208 COLE CENTRALE DE LILLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Espanet Professeur UFC (FEMTO-ST) Examinateur R. Romary Professeur FSA (LSEE) Examinateur L. Vido Ma√ģtre Lionel Vido, Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences √† l'√?cole Normale Sup√©rieure de Cachan, d'avoir accept√© d'examiner ce

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polytechnique de Toulouse, Rapporteur M. Jean-Marc MENAUD Ma√ģtre Assistant √† l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes. Merci √©galement √† M. Jean-Marc Menaud, ma√ģtre assistant √† l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes, pour avoir

Boyer, Edmond

232

Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polytechnique de Toulouse, Rapporteur M. Jean-Marc MENAUD Ma√ģtre Assistant √† l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes constructif. Merci √©galement √† M. Jean-Marc Menaud, ma√ģtre assistant √† l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes, pour avoir

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Renewable source controls for grid stability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to evaluate the small signal and transient stability of the Western Electric- ity Coordinating Council (WECC) under high penetrations of renewable energy, and to identify control technologies that would improve the system performance. The WECC is the regional entity responsible for coordinating and promoting bulk electric system reliability in the Western Interconnection. Transient stability is the ability of the power system to maintain synchronism after a large disturbance while small signal stability is the ability of the power system to maintain synchronism after a small disturbance. Tran- sient stability analysis usually focuses on the relative rotor angle between synchronous machines compared to some stability margin. For this study we employed generator speed relative to system speed as a metric for assessing transient stability. In addition, we evaluated the system transient response using the system frequency nadir, which provides an assessment of the adequacy of the primary frequency control reserves. Small signal stability analysis typically identi es the eigenvalues or modes of the system in response to a disturbance. For this study we developed mode shape maps for the di erent scenarios. Prony analysis was applied to generator speed after a 1.4 GW, 0.5 second, brake insertion at various locations. Six di erent WECC base cases were analyzed, including the 2022 light spring case which meets the renewable portfolio standards. Because of the di culty in identifying the cause and e ect relationship in large power system models with di erent scenarios, several simulations were run on a 7-bus, 5-generator system to isolate the e ects of di erent con gurations. Based on the results of the study, for a large power system like the WECC, incorporating frequency droop into wind/solar systems provides a larger bene t to system transient response than replacing the lost inertia with synthetic inertia. From a small signal stability perspective, the increase in renewable penetration results in subtle changes to the system modes. In gen- eral, mode frequencies increase slightly, and mode shapes remain similar. The system frequency nadir for the 2022 light spring case was slightly lower than the other cases, largely because of the reduced system inertia. However, the nadir is still well above the minimum load shedding frequency of 59.5 Hz. Finally, several discrepancies were identi ed between actual and reported wind penetration, and additional work on wind/solar modeling is required to increase the delity of the WECC models.

Byrne, Raymond Harry; Elliott, Ryan Thomas; Neely, Jason C.; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Schoenwald, David Alan; Grant, Lisa

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5) :10 (1971). World Alternative Energy Strategies Project,01' resources, and alternative energy technologies 's1wh asmeaS1treS and alternative energy systems to indimduals,

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Rle du CNRST dans l'accompagnement des Projets de cration d'entreprises innovantes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, - Grille de calcul - Visioconf√©rence, - Enseignement virtuel... MARWAN #12;Le R√©seau Maroc Incubation Scientifique et Technique (ma√ģtre d'oeuvre) ; PARTENAIRES DU RMIE #12;- Association R&D Maroc ; - Fondation

236

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUEIV ColloqueC5,supplCmentau Journalde Physique111,Volume 4, mai 1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

en particulier de resoudre les problemes, dont la complexit6 ne permet pas de realiser le descriptif caractere qui peut 6tre observe cornme un maximum energetique local du son dont la valeur est superieure a l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

Sensibilisa)on au CMMI 21/12/2013 v7 CAPJAYA 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'autre r√©f√©ren)els (ISO, ITIL, COBIT, ...) ! Conna√ģtre la port√©e du CMMI et iden COBIT ISO CMMI SVC CMMI ACQ ITIL AGILE LEAN TOC 6 SIGMA KAIZEN QC

Grigoras, .Romulus

238

Performed Embodiment, Sacred Eroticism, and Voice in Devotions by Early Seventeenth-Century Italian Nuns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

poi detta Suor Paola Iustina stia priuata di scriuer ne farSuor Angelina Serafina stia per tre mesi senza il uelo. Siaanni. Líarpicordo grande non stia in camera sua, ma altroue

Johnson, Lindsay Maureen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

[1978] Desingularization of two-dimensional schemes.pdf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The raison d'6tre of this paper must lie in its methods, which rely on homology ..... (1g) Uniformization of rank two valuations by blowing up and nor- malizing .

2011-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

240

ENTELLA: LE NECROPOLI Ad Entella le indagini archeologiche si sono concentra-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ed occupa una vasta zona sul versante Nord della rocca, dove sono state individuate alcune tombe, in tre casi poste nella mano sini- stra del defunto quale viatico per l'aldilà. Ad epoca

Abbondandolo, Alberto

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

DOI: 10.1126/science.1141506 , 95 (2007);318Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stein A. Sæther,1,2,3 * Glenn-Peter Sætre,3 Thomas Borge,2,3 Chris Wiley,4,5 Nina Svedin,4 Gunilla

Nachman, Michael

242

Stre^citeco inter planlingvo kaj ^ciutaga Spertoj el la Sekcio pri faka lingvo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

restus tre limigita space kaj tempe. Bo Utas (2009:142) nomas "altaj lingvoj" la malnovan persan, la ar^sakan pahlavan, la mezan persan kaj la novan persan, kio signifas ke ili estas kultivitaj, normigitaj kaj uzataj

Kiselman, Christer

243

Buzzz n 3 avril 2007 Campagne de sensibilisation sur la pollution automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Buzzz n¬į 3 avril 2007 Campagne de sensibilisation sur la pollution automobile A la Facult√© des affiches et des tracts d'information sur la pollution automobile. "Sur le premier kilom√®tre, une voiture

Jeanjean, Louis

244

Scritto di Calcolo Numerico del 5/2/1996 1. Effettuare, dove possibile, la fattorizzazione di Cholesky delle seguenti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scritto di Calcolo Numerico del 5/2/1996 1. Effettuare, dove possibile, la fattorizzazione di le condizioni di applicabilit`a, effettuare tre itera- zioni del metodo regula falsi per approssimare

Russo, Giovanni

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - amoeba difflugia corona Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TO THE BIOLOGY OF THE GREAT LAlES. A REPORT OF WORK ON TRE PROTOZOA OF LAKE ERIE, WITH ESPECIAL Summary: -in Bay Harbor, Lake Erie; also from East Swamp on South Bass...

246

Consistent metric combinations in cosmology of massive bigravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive bigravity models are interesting alternatives to standard cosmology. In most cases however these models have been studied for a simplified scenario in which both metrics take homogeneous and isotropic forms (Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker; FLRW) with the same spatial curvatures. The interest to consider more general geometries arises in particular in view of the difficulty so far encountered in building stable cosmological solutions with homogeneous and isotropic metrics. Here we consider a number of cases in which the two metrics take more general forms, namely FLRW with different spatial curvatures, Lema\\^{i}tre, Lema\\^{i}tre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB), and Bianchi I, as well as cases where only one metric is linearly perturbed. We discuss possible consistent combinations and find that only some special cases of FLRW-Lema\\^{i}tre, LTB-LTB and FLRW-Bianchi I combinations give consistent, non-trivial solutions.

Henrik Nersisyan; Yashar Akrami; Luca Amendola

2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

247

N d'ordre : 0099 Anne : 2008 Thse de Doctorat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. VIDO Ma√ģtre de conf√©rence √† l'IUP GEII de Cergy Pontoise Jury P. BROCHET Professeur des universit√©s √† l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

248

Anisotropy and relaxation in nematic liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in collaboration with Antonio di Carlo - Universit`a di Roma Tre Stefano Turzi - Politecnico di Milano Paolo their equilibrium values Paolo Biscari Pavia, Mar 2014 9/25 #12;Monte-Carlo simulations of intermolecular distance

Segatti, Antonio

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - avenir pour les Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Biology and Medicine 2 Tables des principaux minerais d'uranium et de thorium Summary: tre complte ni les indi- cations dtailles. Elle n'a pour but actuel...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - af resistente bakterier Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

med... frem? Det sttes der fokus p i dette nummer af RisNyt. Bliv klogere p forskningens rolle i... - ledelse var de tre ngleord for et nyt kursus, "Ledelse af...

251

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. 1 2 3 4 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 6 7 1. ERCT TRE All...

252

S?paration, Relaxation, Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

car canoniques, en motivant nos mod?les ( d?faut de nos lecteurs) par des pro-. bl?matiques industrielles, en tentant de faire transpara tre tant les contraintes†...

253

Property:Email | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc Jump

254

Property:EnergyPurchaser | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc

255

Sminaire Pcsi, novembre 2004, Montpellier, France 1 A. Richard, P. Caron, J.Y. Jamin, T. Ruf (diteurs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

*, Mostafa ERRAHJ* *Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture, Meknès, Maroc **Cirad, Montpellier, France Résumé -- L'un périmètre irrigué au nord du Maroc que les schémas hydrauliques ont laissé en dehors des zones desservies éclairage, à travers l'étude de cas d'un périmètre irrigué en grande hydraulique au Maroc, sur les attitudes

Boyer, Edmond

256

No d'ordre 2009-25 Anne 2009 pour obtenir le grade de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL) - CNRS UMR 5270 tel-00558357,version1-21Jan2011 #12;2 tel-00558357,version1-21Jan ECL CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL CAMBON Claude Directeur de recherche LMFA CNRS-Claude Professeur √©m√©rite LMFA ECL CHEN Liming Professeur LIRIS ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL

Boyer, Edmond

257

Numro d'ordre : 2012 -08 Anne 2012 THSE DE DOCTORAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

professeur INL ECL C Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL G Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL G Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL G Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL G Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL G Genevi√®ve directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL H Guy directeur de recherche INL CNRS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

d'ordre : 2013-03 ANNE 2013 THSE DE DOCTORAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric Professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel Directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel Directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve Directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL HOLLINGER Guy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

Numro d'ordre : 2011-47 Anne 2011 prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DAVID Bertrand Professeur ictt ecl Total 1 CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne Professeur inl ecl CLOAREC Jean-Pierre Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences inl ecl GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric Professeur inl ecl GAGNAIRE Alain Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences inl ecl GARRIGUES Michel Directeur de Recherche inl cnrs/ecl GENDRY Michel Directeur de Recherche inl

Boyer, Edmond

260

N d'ordre 2011-15 Anne 2011 prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL 3 tel-00670454,version1-15Feb2012 #12;GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

N d'ordre : ECL 2011-23 Anne 2011 prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conf√©rences INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL tel-00669687,version1-13Feb2012 #12;3 GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

262

N d'ordre : 2011-21 Prsente devant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECL Nbre ICTT 1 CALLARD Anne-S√©gol√®ne professeur INL ECL CLOAREC Jean-Pierre ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GAFFIOT Fr√©d√©ric professeur INL ECL GAGNAIRE Alain ma√ģtre de conf√©rences INL ECL GARRIGUES Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GENDRY Michel directeur de recherche INL CNRS/ECL GRENET Genevi√®ve

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

MANOMTRE A PISTON LIBRE POUR LA MESURE ABSOLUE DES HAUTES PRESSIONS JUSQU'A 10000 kg cm2 ET DISPOSITIFS SECONDAIRES ASSOCIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

57 MANOM√?TRE A PISTON LIBRE POUR LA MESURE ABSOLUE DES HAUTES PRESSIONS JUSQU'A 10000 kg cm2 ET manom√®tre absolu de laboratoire, √† piston libre, a √©t√© r√©alis√© avec deux √©quipages interchangeables d'entra√ģnement du piston permettant soit un mouvement d'oscillation, soit un mou- vement de rotation continue du

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

Estimated monthly emissions of sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, and volatile organic compounds for the 48 contiguous states, 1985-1986: Volume 2, Sectoral emissions by month for states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A listing by source of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds emitted in 48 states of the US is provided. (CBS)

Kohout, E.J.; Knudson, D.A.; Saricks, C.L.; Miller, D.J.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

,"Month","Year","Contiguous U.S.","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"ShaleCoalbedShale Proved Reserves (Billion

266

,"Month","Year","Contiguous U.S.","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"ShaleCoalbedShale Proved Reserves (Billion"

267

,"Net Energy For Load (Annual)",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"ShaleCoalbedShale Proved+NetNonassociatedb.

268

,"Net Energy For Load (Annual)",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"ShaleCoalbedShale Proved+NetNonassociatedb.7,

269

,"Projected Monthly Base","Year","Contiguous U.S.","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"NigeriaThe UnitedMexico

270

,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars per ThousandPrice Sold to ElectricSulfur Content,e.

271

,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars per ThousandPrice Sold to ElectricSulfur Content,e.7,

272

,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"BruneiReserves inDry Natural GasPlant Liquids,Shale Provedf. Historical

273

,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"BruneiReserves inDry Natural GasPlant Liquids,Shale Provedf. Historicald.

274

Proposed changes to generating capacity 1980-1989 for the contiguous United States: as projected by the Regional Electric Reliability Councils in their April 1, 1980 long-range coordinated planning reports to the Department of Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The changes in generating capacity projected for 1980 to 1989 are summarized. Tabulated data provide summaries to the information on projected generating unit construction, retirements, and changes, in several different categories and groupings. The new generating units to be completed by the end of 1989 total 699, representing 259,490 megawatts. This total includes 10 wind power and one fuel cell installations totaling 48.5 MW to be completed by the end of 1989. There are 321 units totaling 13,222 MW to be retired. There are capacity changes due to upratings and deratings. Summary data are presented for: total requirement for electric energy generation for 1985; hydroelectric energy production for 1985; nuclear energy production for 1985; geothermal and other energy production for 1985; approximate non-fossil generation for 1985; range of fossil energy requirements for 1985; actual fossil energy sources 1974 to 1979; estimated range of fossil fuel requirements for 1985; coal capacity available in 1985; and computation of fuel use in 1985. Power plant capacity factors are presented. Extensive data on proposed generating capacity changes by individual units in the 9 Regional Electric Reliability Councils are presented.

None

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Mode Shape Estimation Algorithms Under Ambient Conditions: A Comparative Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractóThis paper provides a comparative review of five existing ambient electromechanical mode shape estimation algorithms, i.e., the Transfer Function (TF), Spectral, Frequency Domain Decomposition (FDD), Channel Matching, and Subspace Methods. It is also shown that the TF Method is a general approach to estimating mode shape and that the Spectral, FDD, and Channel Matching Methods are actually special cases of it. Additionally, some of the variations of the Subspace Method are reviewed and the Numerical algorithm for Subspace State Space System IDentification (N4SID) is implemented. The five algorithms are then compared using data simulated from a 17-machine model of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) under ambient conditions with both low and high damping, as well as during the case where ambient data is disrupted by an oscillatory ringdown. The performance of the algorithms is compared using the statistics from Monte Carlo Simulations and results from measured WECC data, and a discussion of the practical issues surrounding their implementation, including cases where power system probing is an option, is provided. The paper concludes with some recommendations as to the appropriate use of the various techniques. Index TermsóElectromechanical mode shape, small-signal stability, phasor measurement units (PMU), system identification, N4SID, subspace.

Dosiek, Luke; Zhou, Ning; Pierre, John W.; Huang, Zhenyu; Trudnowski, Daniel J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Contingency Visualization for Real-Time Decision Support in Grid Operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contingency analysis is a key function in control centers to assess the impact of various combinations of power system component failures based on state estimates. Today's practice analyzes only a limited set of contingency cases and lacks of capabilities in presenting the results in a way that is easy to be understood by grid operators in a short time frame of seconds to minutes. This limits the ability to operate the power grid for better reliability and efficiency. Faster analysis of more cases is required to safely and reliably operate today's power grids which have a less margin and more intermittent renewable energy sources. This paper explores the advancements in high performance computing and visual analytics for improving the computational speed and the information representation in contingency analysis. A framework of advanced contingency analysis is proposed. Case studies using the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed framework. Comparative assessment by real power grid operators has been performed as part of a WECC operator training class. The assessment results demonstrate the validity of the proposed contingency analysis and visualization approach.

Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu; Greitzer, Frank L.; Eubank, Robert

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Influence of Topology Changes on Inter-area Oscillation Modes and Mode Shapes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The topology of a power grid network is a piece of critical information for power grid operations. Different power grid topologies can change grid characteristics, inter-area oscillation modes, mode shapes, and even the robustness of the power system. This paper presents some preliminary study results, based on an approved WECC operating case and a modified low damping WECC system, to show the impact of topology changes resulting from N-1 contingencies on power system modes and mode shapes. The results show that topology changes can have very different impact on modal properties in a power system: some result in unstable situation, while others can improve small signal stability. For the former, the studies show about 4.5% damping reduction, so 5% damping margin would be required to ensure the system can sustain the contingencies. For the latter, those topology changes could be used as a control method to improve small signal stability. Mode shapes normally do not change when there is an N-1 topology change. These observations suggest that the inclusion of topological information is useful for improving the accuracy and effectiveness of power system control schemes.

Chen, Yousu; Fuller, Jason C.; Diao, Ruisheng; Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuffner, Francis K.

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

Composite Load Model Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The WECC load modeling task force has dedicated its effort in the past few years to develop a composite load model that can represent behaviors of different end-user components. The modeling structure of the composite load model is recommended by the WECC load modeling task force. GE Energy has implemented this composite load model with a new function CMPLDW in its power system simulation software package, PSLF. For the last several years, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has taken the lead and collaborated with GE Energy to develop the new composite load model. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and BPA joint force and conducted the evaluation of the CMPLDW and test its parameter settings to make sure that: ē the model initializes properly, ē all the parameter settings are functioning, and ē the simulation results are as expected. The PNNL effort focused on testing the CMPLDW in a 4-bus system. An exhaustive testing on each parameter setting has been performed to guarantee each setting works. This report is a summary of the PNNL testing results and conclusions.

Lu, Ning; Qiao, Hong (Amy)

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

279

Western Region Renewable Energy Markets: Implications for the Bureau of Land Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to provide the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) with an overview of renewable energy (RE) generation markets, transmission planning efforts, and the ongoing role of the BLM RE projects in the electricity markets of the 11 states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) that comprise the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Region. This analysis focuses on the status of, and projections for, likely development of non-hydroelectric renewable electricity from solar (including photovoltaic [PV] and concentrating solar power [CSP]), wind, biomass and geothermal resources in these states. Absent new policy drivers and without the extension of the DOE loan guarantee program and Treasury's 1603 program, state RPS requirements are likely to remain a primary driver for new RE deployment in the western United States. Assuming no additional policy incentives are implemented, projected RE demand for the WECC states by 2020 is 134,000 GWh. Installed capacity to meet that demand will need to be within the range of 28,000-46,000 MW.

Haase, S.; Billman, L.; Gelman, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Power systems simulations of the western United States region.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents a part of a broad assessment of energy-water-related issues in the western United States. The full analysis involved three Department of Energy national laboratories: Argonne National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. Argonne's objective in the overall project was to develop a regional power sector expansion forecast and a detailed unit-level operational (dispatch) analysis. With these two major analysis components, Argonne estimated current and future freshwater withdrawals and consumption related to the operation of U.S. thermal-electric power plants in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) region for the period 2005-2025. Water is withdrawn and used primarily for cooling but also for environmental control, such as sulfur scrubbers. The current scope of the analysis included three scenarios: (1) Baseline scenario as a benchmark for assessing the adequacy and cost-effectiveness of water conservation options and strategies, (2) High nuclear scenario, and (3) High renewables scenario. Baseline projections are consistent with forecasts made by the WECC and the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in its Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) (EIA 2006a). Water conservation scenarios are currently limited to two development alternatives that focus heavily on constructing new generating facilities with zero water consumption. These technologies include wind farms and nuclear power plants with dry cooling. Additional water conservation scenarios and estimates of water use associated with fuel or resource extraction and processing will be developed in follow-on analyses.

Conzelmann, G.; Koritarov, V.; Poch, L.; Thimmapuram, P.; Veselka, T.; Decision and Information Sciences

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Independent Scientific Review Panel for the Northwest Power & Conservation Council  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of particular habitats, contiguity to other protected habitat, role of the parcel in the lifecycle of a species

282

Analysis of Benefits of an Energy Imbalance Market in the NWPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Pool (NWPP) Market Assessment Committee (MC) Initiative, which was officially launched on March 19, 2012, set out to explore a range of alternatives that could help the Balancing Authorities and scheduling utilities in the NWPP area address growing operational and commercial challenges affecting the regional power system. The MC formed an Analytical Team with technical representatives from each of the member Balancing Areas in the NWPP and with staff of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). This Analytical Team was instructed to conduct extensive studies of intra-hour operation of the NWPP system in the year 2020 and of the NWPP region with 14,671 MW of wind penetration. The effort utilized a sub-hourly production cost model (the PLEXOSģ computer model) that inputs data from the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)-wide Production Cost Model (PCM) to evaluate potential production cost savings. The Analytical Team was given two general options to evaluate: ēEnergy Imbalance Market (EIM): establishment of an automated, organized NWPP area market for economically supplying energy imbalance within the hour. ēEnhanced Market-Operational Tools (EMT) that might augment or replace an EIM. The Analytical The Analytical Team built on the WECC-wide PCM data from prior work done in the WECC and carried forward the evolution of the original WECC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee (TEPPC) 2020 PC0 data base. A large number of modifications and improvements were made to this case and the data were subjected to extensive review by the team members to improve the model representation of the Northwest (NW). MC meetings that were open to the public were held for interested parties to review and provide input to the study. Results for the test, base, and sensitivity case studies performed by the MC Initiative Analytical Team indicate that there are a wide range of benefits that could be obtained from the operation of an EIM in the NWPP depending on what assumptions are made. The instructions from the MC were to determine a "minimum high confidence" range of potential benefits. The results for the Base Case indicate that the EIM benefits ranged from approximately $40 million to $70 million in annual savings from the operation of an EIM in the NWPP footprint. A number of additional relevant sensitivity cases were performed, including low and high water conditions, low and high natural gas prices, and various flex reserve requirements, resource operations, and amounts of resource capability held back during the preschedule period. Along with the results for the Base Case, the results for these studies yielded EIM benefits that clustered within the range of $70 to $80 million dollars per year with potential benefits ranging from approximately $125 million to as little as $17 million per year. Because the design and operation of an EIM could enable participating Balancing Authorities (BAs) to collectively lower the quantity of resources they must carry to meet within-hour balancing needs, a sensitivity case was also performed to analyze the impact that such reductions might have on the benefits from an EIM. The results for this sensitivity case indicate that such reductions could increase the benefits from the operation of an EIM in the NWPP into the range of approximately $130 million to $160 million per year. Also, a sensitivity case for a WECC-wide EIM was performed with the results indicating that the potential benefits to the NWPP could increase into the range of $197 million to $233 million per year. While there may be potential reliability benefits from the coordinated dispatch process underlying the operation of an EIM, reliability benefits from an EIM were out of the scope of this study. The EIM benefit analyses that were performed by the Analytical Team are provided in this report.

Samaan, Nader A.; Bayless, Rich; Symonds, Mark; Nguyen, Tony B.; Jin, Chunlian; Wu, Di; Diao, Ruisheng; Makarov, Yuri V.; Kannberg, Landis D.; Guo, Tao; Dennison-Leonard , Sarah; Goodenough, Mike; Schellberg, Ron; Conger, Sid; Harris, Kevin; Rarity, Matt; Wallace, Steven; Austin, Jamie; Noteboom, Rod; Van Blaricom , Tim; McRunnel, Kim; Apperson, John; Empey, Marshall; Etingov, Pavel V.; Warady, Debra; Brush, Ray; Newkirk, Joshua; Williams, Peter; Landauer, Marv; Owen, Hugh; Morter, Wayne; Haraguchi, Keli; Portouw, Jim; Downey, kathryn; Sorey, Steve; Williams, Stan; Gossa, Teyent; Kalich, Clint; Damiano, Patrick; Macarthur, Clay; Martin, Tom; Hoerner, Joe; Knudsen, Steve; Johnson, Anders; Link, Rick; Holcomb, Dennis

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

283

Spinning Reserve from Pump Load: A Technical Findings Report to the California Department of Water Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), at the request of the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy, is investigating opportunities for electrical load to provide the ancillary service of spinning reserve to the electric grid. The load would provide this service by stopping for a short time when there is a contingency on the grid such as a transmission line or generator outage. There is a possibility that a significant portion of the California Independent System Operator's (CAISO's) spinning reserve requirement could be supplied from the California Department of Water Resources (CDWR) pumping load. Spinning reserve has never been supplied from load before, and rule changes would be needed to allow it. In this report, we are presenting technical findings on the possibility of supplying spinning reserve from pumping system load. In parallel, we are pursuing the needed rule changes with the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), and the CAISO. NERC and FERC have agreed that they have no prohibition against supplying spinning reserve from load. The WECC Minimum Operability Reliability Criteria working group has agreed that the concept should be considered, and they are presently discussing the needed tariff and rule changes. Presently, spinning reserve is provided by generation that is actually spinning but is operating at low power levels and can be ramped up quickly to provide reserve power. In a sense, this is an inefficient and environmentally unfriendly way of providing reserves because it requires the generator to operate at a low power level that may be inefficient and may discharge more pollutants per kW than operating at rated power. It would be better if this generation capacity were in a position to bid into the energy market. Providing an additional supply of spinning reserve would tend to reduce prices for both reserves and the regular electric energy market. The CAISO is presently in the process of redesigning its market rules for ancillary services. The time is right to pursue this opportunity to supply spinning reserve from load. It is our hope that the CDWR will endorse this recommendation. ORNL will then work with FERC, NERC, WECC, and the CAISO to obtain the needed rule changes. This project would provide the CDWR with another option in the complex process of obtaining its energy at the lowest possible cost, while at the same time providing more flexibility to the ISO and relief to the energy market. After this project is implemented in California, we hope that the practice spreads across the nation, allowing much more flexibility in energy markets and increasing the availability of reserve services.

Kirby, BJ

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

284

L'hlium est donc beaucoup plus difficile liqufier que l'hydro-gne dont le point critique est d'environ -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

372 L'hélium est donc beaucoup plus difficile à liquéfier que l'hydro- gène dont le point critique près. L'auteur en conclut que le thermomètre à hydro- gène peut servir à déterminer les basses résistance servent à la détermination des températures, est enfermé dans le réservoir du thermomètre à hydro

Boyer, Edmond

285

www.cnrs.fr Hello jQuery !  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.cnrs.fr Hello jQuery ! par Daric Vladimir @IGM #12;JavaScript ?JavaScript ? ¬∑ Mauvais choix appara√ģtre ...Firefox 1.0.x, quelques probl√®mes peuvent appara√ģtre ... #12;Hello jQyeryHello jQyery Demo Demo. #12;¬ę Hello jQuery ¬Ľ d√©cortiqu√©¬ę Hello jQuery ¬Ľ d√©cortiqu√© ¬∑ Step 1 : t√©l√©charger jQueryStep 1

van Tiggelen, Bart

286

Thtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperu gnral ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Th√©√Ętres de Perse et d'Iran : aper√ßu g√©n√©ral √?ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK Sorbonne Nouvelle ¬≠ Paris 3, UMR 7528 ¬ę Mondes iranien et indien ¬Ľ L'Iran poss√®de √† la fois un th√©√Ętre rituel encore tr√®s vivace si√®cle, ne doit rien √† l'Occident. La question de l'existence d'un th√©√Ętre indig√®ne en Iran s

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

Load Component Database of Household Appliances and Small Office Equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of a load component database for household appliances and office equipment. To develop more accurate load models at both transmission and distribution level, a better understanding on the individual behaviors of home appliances and office equipment under power system voltage and frequency variations becomes more and more critical. Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has begun a series of voltage and frequency tests against home appliances and office equipments since 2005. Since 2006, Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has collaborated with BPA personnel and developed a load component database based on these appliance testing results to facilitate the load model validation work for the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). In this paper, the testing procedure and testing results are first presented. The load model parameters are then derived and grouped. Recommendations are given for aggregating the individual appliance models to feeder level, the models of which are used for distribution and transmission level studies.

Lu, Ning; Xie, YuLong; Huang, Zhenyu; Puyleart, Francis; Yang, Steve

2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

288

On the Configuration of the US Western Interconnection Voltage Stability Boundary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractóStability limits are considered in power system planning and operations to estimate the available stability margins and, if possible, to maximize the utilization of transmission facilities. These important tasks are influenced by configuration of the stability boundary. The paper introduces a new fast approach to explore the voltage stability boundary of a large system and reveal its detailed multidimensional structure. The 17939-bus U.S. Western Interconnection planning model was used to illustrate the method. Significant peculiarities of the boundaryís configuration were identified, including its nonconvexity, discontinuity, branching and internal singularities (ďholesĒ) that were not known before and could not been found by traditional methods. Experiments using WECC system are performed to evaluate the computation time using different methods. Our results show that the proposed methods are very promising in reducing calculation time and complexity

Makarov, Yuri V.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Elbert, Stephen T.; Huang, Zhenyu

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Characteristic Ellipsoid Methodology and Its Application in Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characteristic ellipsoid (CELL) method to monitor dynamic behaviors of a power system is proposed. Multidimensional minimum-volume-enclosing characteristic ellipsoids are built using synchronized phasor measurements. System dynamic behaviors are identified by tracking the change rate of the CELLís characteristic indices. Decision tree techniques are used to link the CELLís characteristic indices and the systemís dynamic behaviors and to determine types, locations and related information about the dynamic behaviors. The knowledge base of representative transient events is created by offline simulations based on the full Western Electric Coordinating Council (WECC) model. Two case studies demonstrate that the CELL method combined with the decision trees can detect transient events and their features with good accuracy.

Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Diao, Ruisheng; Etingov, Pavel V.; Dagle, Jeffery E.; De Tuglie, Enrico E.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Model Validation with Hybrid Dynamic Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractóModel validation has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent actual behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements or known benchmark behavior. System-wide model simulation results can be compared with actual recordings. However, it is difficult to construct a simulation case for a large power system such as the WECC system and to narrow down to problematic models in a large system. Hybrid dynamic simulation with its capability of injecting external signals into dynamic simulation enables rigorous comparison of measurements and simulation in a small subsystem of interest. This paper presents such a model validation methodology with hybrid dynamic simulation. Two application examples on generator and load model validation are presented to show the validity of this model validation methodology. This methodology is further extended for automatic model validation and dichotomous subsystem model validation.

Huang, Zhenyu; Kosterev, Dmitry; Guttromson, Ross T.; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

291

Evaluation of PMU Dynamic Performance in Both Lab Environments and under Field Operating Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractóCapturing system dynamics is one important feature of phasor measurements. To ensure PMU accurately reflect system dynamic behavior, one must evaluate the dynamic performance of a PMU. PMU dynamic performance evaluation includes three aspects: PMU modeling studies, laboratory testing and field evaluation. This paper briefly reviews the general PMU model structure, and then continues on PMU dynamic performance evaluation from actual field measurements. Reasons for field evaluation include: 1) inappropriate field settings of a PMU would generate unexpected phasor measurements; and 2) many conditions can not be easily produced in a lab environment. PMU field evaluation includes aspects like time synchronization, timing inconsistency due to filtering, frequency calculation issues, parasitic oscillations/processing artifacts, etc. Actual WECC measurement examples will be presented. Dynamic PMU testing in a lab environment is explored with a special focus on PMU filtering characteristics. How the phasor quality would impact derived system dynamic characteristics is addressed in the later part of this paper.

Huang, Zhenyu; Hauer, John F.; Martin, Kenneth E.

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

292

Deriving Optimal Operational Rules for Mitigating Inter-area Oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method to mitigate inter-area oscillations of a large scale interconnected power system by means of generation re-dispatch. The optimal operational control procedures are derived as the shortest distance from the current operating condition to a desired damping ratio of the oscillation mode by adjusting generator outputs. A sensitivity based method is used to select the most effective generators for generation re-dispatch and decision tree is trained to approximate the security boundary in a space characterized by the selected generators. The optimal operational rules can be found by solving an optimization problem where the boundary constraints are provided by the decision tree rules. This method is tested on a Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) 179-bus simplified network model and simulation results have demonstrated the proof of concept and shown promising application in real time operation.

Diao, Ruisheng; Huang, Zhenyu; Zhou, Ning; Chen, Yousu; Tuffner, Francis K.; Fuller, Jason C.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Dagle, Jeffery E.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

293

Model Calibration of Exciter and PSS Using Extended Kalman Filter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power system modeling and controls continue to become more complex with the advent of smart grid technologies and large-scale deployment of renewable energy resources. As demonstrated in recent studies, inaccurate system models could lead to large-scale blackouts, thereby motivating the need for model calibration. Current methods of model calibration rely on manual tuning based on engineering experience, are time consuming and could yield inaccurate parameter estimates. In this paper, the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is used as a tool to calibrate exciter and Power System Stabilizer (PSS) models of a particular type of machine in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). The EKF-based parameter estimation is a recursive prediction-correction process which uses the mismatch between simulation and measurement to adjust the model parameters at every time step. Numerical simulations using actual field test data demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in calibrating the parameters.

Kalsi, Karanjit; Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

294

Design Considerations for Frequency Responsive Grid Friendly Appliances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper addresses design considerations for frequency responsive Grid FriendlyTM appliances (FR-GFAs). Case studies have been done based on the frequency data collected in 2003 in Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) systems. An FR-GFA can turn on/off based on frequency signals and make selective low-frequency load shedding possible at appliance level. FR-GFAs can also be treated as an spinning reserve to maintain a load-to-generation balance under power system normal operation states. The triggering frequency and duration of the FR-GFA device with different frequency setting schemes are simulated. Design considerations of the FR-GFA are then discussed based on simulation results.

Lu, Ning; Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

295

Performance Evaluation of Phasor Measurement Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After two decades of phasor network deployment, phasor measurements are now available at many major substations and power plants. The North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI), supported by both the US Department of Energy and the North American Electricity Reliability Council (NERC), provides a forum to facilitate the efforts in phasor technology in North America. Phasor applications have been explored and some are in todayís utility practice. IEEE C37.118 Standard is a milestone in standardizing phasor measurements and defining performance requirements. To comply with IEEE C37.118 and to better understand the impact of phasor quality on applications, the NASPI Performance and Standards Task Team (PSTT) initiated and accomplished the development of two important documents to address characterization of PMUs and instrumentation channels, which leverage prior work (esp. in WECC) and international experience. This paper summarizes the accomplished PSTT work and presents the methods for phasor measurement evaluation.

Huang, Zhenyu; Kasztenny, Bogdan; Madani, Vahid; Martin, Kenneth E.; Meliopoulos, Sakis; Novosel, Damir; Stenbakken, Jerry

2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

296

Improving Dynamic Load and Generator Response PerformanceTools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a scoping study to examine research opportunities to improve the accuracy of the system dynamic load and generator models, data and performance assessment tools used by CAISO operations engineers and planning engineers, as well as those used by their counterparts at the California utilities, to establish safe operating margins. Model-based simulations are commonly used to assess the impact of credible contingencies in order to determine system operating limits (path ratings, etc.) to ensure compliance with NERC and WECC reliability requirements. Improved models and a better understanding of the impact of uncertainties in these models will increase the reliability of grid operations by allowing operators to more accurately study system voltage problems and the dynamic stability response of the system to disturbances.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Generic solar photovoltaic system dynamic simulation model specification.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is intended to serve as a specification for generic solar photovoltaic (PV) system positive-sequence dynamic models to be implemented by software developers and approved by the WECC MVWG for use in bulk system dynamic simulations in accordance with NERC MOD standards. Two specific dynamic models are included in the scope of this document. The first, a Central Station PV System model, is intended to capture the most important dynamic characteristics of large scale (> 10 MW) PV systems with a central Point of Interconnection (POI) at the transmission level. The second, a Distributed PV System model, is intended to represent an aggregation of smaller, distribution-connected systems that comprise a portion of a composite load that might be modeled at a transmission load bus.

Ellis, Abraham; Behnke, Michael Robert; Elliott, Ryan Thomas

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Algorithm Summary and Evaluation: Automatic Implementation of Ringdown Analysis for Electromechanical Mode Identification from Phasor Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small signal stability problems are one of the major threats to grid stability and reliability. Prony analysis has been successfully applied on ringdown data to monitor electromechanical modes of a power system using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. To facilitate an on-line application of mode estimation, this paper develops a recursive algorithm for implementing Prony analysis and proposed an oscillation detection method to detect ringdown data in real time. By automatically detecting ringdown data, the proposed method helps guarantee that Prony analysis is applied properly and timely on the ringdown data. Thus, the mode estimation results can be performed reliably and timely. The proposed method is tested using Monte Carlo simulations based on a 17-machine model and is shown to be able to properly identify the oscillation data for on-line application of Prony analysis. In addition, the proposed method is applied to field measurement data from WECC to show the performance of the proposed algorithm.

Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuffner, Francis K.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Lin, Jenglung; Hauer, Matthew L.

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

POWER GRID DYNAMICS: ENHANCING POWER SYSTEM OPERATION THROUGH PRONY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prony Analysis is a technique used to decompose a signal into a series consisting of weighted complex exponentials and promises to be an effi cient way of recognizing sensitive lines during faults in power systems such as the U.S. Power grid. Positive Sequence Load Flow (PSLF) was used to simulate the performance of a simple two-area-four-generator system and the reaction of the system during a line fault. The Dynamic System Identifi cation (DSI) Toolbox was used to perform Prony analysis and use modal information to identify key transmission lines for power fl ow adjustment to improve system damping. The success of the application of Prony analysis methods to the data obtained from PSLF is reported, and the key transmission line for adjustment is identifi ed. Future work will focus on larger systems and improving the current algorithms to deal with networks such as large portions of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) power grid.

Ray, C.; Huang, Z.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy and water in the Western and Texas interconnects.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity has initiated a $60M program to assist the electric industry in interconnection-level analysis and planning. The objective of this effort is to facilitate the development or strengthening of capabilities in each of the three interconnections serving the lower 48 states of the United States, to prepare analyses of transmission requirements under a broad range of alternative futures and develop long-term interconnection-wide transmission expansion plans. The interconnections are the Western Interconnection, the Eastern Interconnection, and the Texas Interconnection. One element of this program address the support and development of an integrated energy-water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning (the Eastern Interconnection is not participating in this element). Specific objectives include: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between members of this proposal team and the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and ERCOT. The goals of this project are: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between Western Electricity Coordinating Council, Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Western Governors Association, and Western States Water Council. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water transmission planning scenarios.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On the theory of type-I superconductor surface tension and twinning-plane-superconductivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

447 On the theory of type-I superconductor surface tension and twinning-plane-superconductivity T du paramètre de Landau-Ginsburg 03BA est trouvée pour la tension de surface des supraconducteurs de. Abstract. 2014 A correction is found to the surface tension in type-I superconductors which is proportional

Boyer, Edmond

302

VOLUME 77, NUMBER 24 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 9 DECEMBER 1996 Observing the Progressive Decoherence of the "Meter" in a Quantum Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Progressive Decoherence of the "Meter" in a Quantum Measurement M. Brune, E. Hagley, J. Dreyer, X. Mai^tre, A. The mesoscopic superposition was the equivalent of an "atom 1 measuring apparatus" system in which the "meter a macroscopic apparatus ("meter") and a microscopic system ("atom") results in their entangle- ment and produces

Wunderlich, Christof

303

UNIVERSITE DE PROVENCE AIX-MARSEILLE I U.F.R. de Psychologie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

l√† aujourd'hui si je n'avais pas eu la chance d'avoir comme enseignant Jean- Fran√ßois Camus, ¬ę Jeff ¬Ľ. Mr Camus a su faire na√ģtre en moi la curiosit√© pour les sciences cognitives, int√©r√™t qui n'a cess√©

Boyer, Edmond

304

Effektiv brug af grnne afgifter i kraft-og varmesektoren  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gennem tilskyndelse til et lavere energiforbrug og en mere milj√łvenlig energiproduktion fx ved en √łget energiproduktion. Det drejer sig prim√¶rt om tre styringsmidler: 1. Gr√łnne og ikke s√• gr√łnne afgifter 2

305

U ne rapide recension bibliographique sur la Tunisie et le Maroc laisse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U ne rapide recension bibliographique sur la Tunisie et le Maroc laisse appara√ģtre que tradition et. La France moderne serait l√† au secours d'une Tunisie et d'un Maroc traditionnels incapables de s) affirme par exemple qu'au Maroc, 1. Nombreux sont les auteurs qui convoquent l'une ou l'autre dans le

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

306

Virginie DONIER 45 D Avenue de l'observatoire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Donier), L'Harmattan, collection Grale, 2012, 280 pages. Articles, contributions, notes de jurisprudence. Donier, √† para√ģtre, L'Harmattan, 2012, p 11-15. #12;3 ¬ę Le service public de la justice en proie √† la

Jeanjean, Louis

307

CantoblancoNoticiasdelaUniversidadAutnomadeMadrid Nmero7Mayo1999  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mŠs interťs suscitaron en- tre los participantes fueron el informe del Rector, la reforma de los proyecto de Comercio Justo, las encuestas al profesorado, la condena de ac- tos que atentan contra la de la comunidad universitaria el informe sobre las actividades y la gestiůn realizadas en la Autůnoma

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

308

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS William Emanuel, Virginia Dale, and John Aber made helpful suggestions on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* *oint. Decomposition and soil nitrogen availability are calculated from organic matter quantity is a function of leaf biomass of all taller tre* *es. Degree days and the availabilities of light and water and hence carbon a* *ccu- mulation in biomass. The probability of a tree's dying increases with age and s

Post, Wilfred M.

309

MODIFICATION DE LA CHAMBRE DE COMPENSATION D'UN RESPIROMTRE A PRESSION CONSTANTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODIFICATION OF THE COMPENSATION CHAMBER OF A CONSTANT PRESSURE RESPIROMETER A change was madeNOTE MODIFICATION DE LA CHAMBRE DE COMPENSATION D'UN RESPIROM√?TRE A PRESSION CONSTANTE Andr√©e PIHET compensation (appel√©e aussi fiole de r√©f√©rence) qui √©limine les effets des changements barom√©triques et

Boyer, Edmond

310

Intro d u ctio n 1. In tro d u ctio n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`eme est au coe u r du programme international LO IC Z (Land O cean Interactions in th e C oastal Z one'īetu des actu ellement en dīeveloppement. Pou r prendre u n au tre ex emple malh eu reu sement bien connu

311

Composition of Ge,,Si... islands in the growth of Ge on Si,,111... by x-ray spectromicroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dipartimento di Fisica and Unità Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia (INFM), Università di Roma II, Via della Ricerca Scientifica n.1, 00133 Roma, Italy Nunzio Motta Dipartimento di Fisica and Unità Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia (INFM), Università di Roma TRE, Via della Vasca Navale 84

312

GeSi intermixing in Ge quantum dots on Si,,001... and Si,,111... F. Boscherinia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fisica della Materia, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita` di Bologna, Viale C. Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna, Italy G. Capellini and L. Di Gaspare Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita` di Roma Tre, via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma, Italy F. Roseib) and N

313

Mise en oeuvre du contrle de qualit d'une camra TEMP-TDM Quality control of hybrid SPECT-TDM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

qualité, activimètre, dosimétrie Abstract : Like many nuclear medicine center, the decision of November 25, and even in some cases nothing was done. Our experience in quality control in nuclear medicine these controls. Key words : SPECT-CT, gamma camera, quality control, dose calibrator, dosimetry hal-00458358

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

314

Assessment of Potential Contribution of Woodland Creation to Mitigating the Impacts of Agriculture on Water Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANTS WATER TRE WATER QUALITY MONITORING NETWORK I Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) hasEF) promotes basin-wide pollution control strategies. It liaises with State Water Pollution Control BoardsWater Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute

315

Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Accordingly, efforts aimed at ensuring the replacement of internal combustion engines with electric motors of Technology, (Rapporteur) M. Bernard LESTRIEZ Ma√ģtre de conf√©rence √† l'Universit√© de Nantes, (Rapporteur) M-00998372,version1-2Jun2014 #12;tel-00998372,version1-2Jun2014 #12;1 Table of contents Introduction 3 I

Boyer, Edmond

316

PECO: une croissance expose En 2007, la croissance est reste dynamique en Europe de l'Est, dpassant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plupart des Nouveaux pays membres (NPM), les perspec- tives de croissance restent favorables pour 2008 et * : ralentissement en douceur Dans la plupart des NPM, la croissance s'est maintenue √† un tr√®s haut niveau en 2007, a fait rena√ģtre un risque inflationniste dans l'ensemble des NPM. Les pays baltes pr√©sentent ainsi d

Boyer, Edmond

317

Systematics of the Giant Monopole Resonance from Inelastic Alpha Scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-square d ' tre eviation and, hence do n ot ground. The in ies in the choice of back- uncertainties in the absolut sections are quit l cui e arge because of unc in background and eak d certainties an pea decomposition. As pointed 12000 4500? 208pb...

Youngblood, David H.; Bogucki, P.; Bronson, J. D.; Garg, U.; Lui, YW; Rozsa, C. M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Superior reclama regime de exceo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tre as instituiÁűes de Ensino Superior e o Governo. Reito- res e presidentes de institu- tos n„o recebeu qualquer respos- ta do Governo. JŠ o Conselho de Reitores analisou a portaria na reu- ni„o instituiÁűes POLIT…CNICOS ENVIARAM OFICIO HŃ UM M S, MAS AINDA N√O HŃ RESPOS- TA DO GOVERNO #12;

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

319

UNIVERSITE DE NICE-SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS ECOLE DOCTORALE MARCHES ET ORGANISATIONS : DROIT-ECONOMIE-GESTION (ED 244)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITE DE NICE-SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS ECOLE DOCTORALE MARCHES ET ORGANISATIONS : DROIT Laurence SAGLIETTO, Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences (HDR), Universit√© de Nice-Sophia Antipolis Monsieur Jacques SPINDLER, Professeur des Universit√©s, Universit√© de Nice-Sophia Antipolis Rapporteurs Monsieur G√©rald NARO

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

320

PROVA PRATICA di CALCOLO NUMERICO per Matematica Applicata e Informatica Multimediale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROVA PRATICA di CALCOLO NUMERICO per Matematica Applicata e Informatica Multimediale Prof. Stefano, usando il metodo di bisezione con un numero massimo di tre e quattro iterazioni, rispettivamente. (c metodo di Newton e, a partire da quel punto iniziale, si approssimi lo zero con il metodo di Newton con

Caliari, Marco

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321

MINISTRE DE LA JEUNESSE, DE L'DUCATION ET DE LA RECHERCHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. CANET Jean Fran√ßois IA-IPR Vice-pr√©sident Montpellier M. CORI Ren√© Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences Besan√ßon M. AGUER Bernard IA-IPR Amiens M. ALESSANDRONI Philippe IA-IPR Nancy-Metz Mme AMIOT

Menichi, Luc

322

Gene Expression Profiling of 3T3-L1 Adipocytes Expressing the Mitochondrial Uncoupling Protein 1 (UCP1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Microarray Data?????????? 8 Construction of RevTRE-UCP2 Vector?????????? 9 IV RESULTS??????????????????????.? 10 viii CHAPTER Page V CONCLUSIONS???????????????????? 12 REFERENCES??..??????????????????????? 13 APPENDIX..., understanding the biology of WAT is important for developing therapeutic strategies for obesity and related complications. In eukaryotic cells, mitochondria are considered to be the ?powerhouse of the cell? due to their ability to generate the majority...

Senocak, Fatih

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

323

Priorit scientifique et technique Usages -Sant Confort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

obligatoirement faire apparaitre la r√©f√©rence de ce document sous la forme : KIRCHNER S. (coord.), Priorit√© pr√©rogatives issues des exceptions et limitations aux droits exclusifs ou fair use ; Les droits moraux de l oeuvre, vous devez faire appara√ģtre clairement au public la licence selon laquelle elle est mise √†

Boyer, Edmond

324

1go.warwick.ac.uk/engineering ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1go.warwick.ac.uk/engineering 2012-13 ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE BROCHURE #12;2 Engineering Prospectus 2012-13 "BECAUSE ENGINEERING IS INEXTRICABLY TIED TO PEOPLE, IT CANNOT BE JUST AN APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCE; IT IS ALSO AN APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCE. ... (THE ENGINEER'S)... RAISON D'√?TRE IS TO SERVE

Davies, Christopher

325

EXPERIENCE WITH THE OAK RIDGE AUTOMATIC THREE-CIRCLE NEUTRON DIFFRACTOMETER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

495. EXPERIENCE WITH THE OAK RIDGE AUTOMATIC THREE-CIRCLE NEUTRON DIFFRACTOMETER By W. R. BUSING, H. G. SMITH, S. W. PETERSON (1) and H. A. LEVY, Chemistry Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (2), Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U. S. A. Resume. - Le diffractom√®tre automatique √† neutrons ¬ę trois cercles ¬Ľ d'Oak

Boyer, Edmond

326

RECENT CRYSTAL STRUCTURE DETERMINATIONS BY NEUTRON DIFFRACTION AT OAK RIDGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

469. RECENT CRYSTAL STRUCTURE DETERMINATIONS BY NEUTRON DIFFRACTION AT OAK RIDGE By GEORGE M. BROWN and HENRI A. LEVY, Chemistry Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1), Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U. S. A ont été relevées grace au diffractomètre à neutrons d'Oak Ridge position- nant automatiquement les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

Le Camp Massawippi du Centre de radaptation MAB-Mackay est un camp de vacances bilingue qui reoit des campeurs gs entre 6 et 30 ans, qui vivent avec une dficience motrice, auditive, ou visuelle. Le  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

des campeurs √Ęg√©s entre 6 et 30 ans, qui vivent avec une d√©ficience motrice, auditive, ou visuelle. Le-√™tre; Conna√ģtre les besoins des personnes vivant avec une d√©ficience motrice, auditive, visuelle ou du langage, un

328

Universit Paris-Est Crteil (UPEC) cole Doctorale Organisations, Marchs, Institutions (OMI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

la formation de la nouvelle √©lite palestinienne Th√®se dirig√©e par M. Yves PALAU Soutenue le 4 Andr√© MOISAN, rapporteur Monsieur Pierre VERCAUTEREN, examinateur Monsieur Yves PALAU, directeur tel2014 #12;5 Remerciements: Je tiens √† remercier en premier lieu Monsieur Yves Palau, ma√ģtre de

329

ENSC-(n d'ordre) THESE DE DOCTORAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Encadrant A. MIRAOUI G. BARAKAT M. HECQUET S. MEZANI M. GABSI Y. AMARA L. VIDO Professeur des universit√©s, et Lionel Vido, Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences √† l'Universit√© IUP GEII de Cergy Pontoise, pour les r√©flexions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

N d'ordre : 223 Prsente en vue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conf√©rences HDR, ENS Cachan Bretagne, SATIE Examinateur Lionel VIDO, Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences, Universit√© de Universit√©s de l'Universit√© Lille 1 qui nous a fait l'honneur de pr√©sider la soutenance et, M. Lionel Vido

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

A COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT FOR ACTORS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT FOR ACTORS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT √?ve ROSS Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences facilitating a collaborative environment in the field of architecture and urban design. Desk research by way in an international effort. Keywords: Territorial intelligence, 3D virtual collaborative environment, sustainable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

332

{REG-3-1010-5} Sun Oct 10 01:43:54 2004 Genova. Bioingegnere, diret-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Lab al dipartimento di Informatica, si- stemistica e telematica dell'Uni- versità, docente di Robotica an delle tre piattaforme di ricerca del- l'Iit è dedicata alla robotica e all'automazione. Scelta strate in cui la robotica si interfaccia con le altre due piattaforme: le neuroscienze e le nanotecnolo- gie. Le

Sandini, Giulio

333

SUR UN NOUVEAU DISPOSITIF DE MESURES ELECTROMETRIQUES PAR LA METHODE DU QUARTZ PIEZO ELECTRIQUE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUR UN NOUVEAU DISPOSITIF DE MESURES ELECTROMETRIQUES PAR LA METHODE DU QUARTZ PIEZO ELECTRIQUE Par système isolé. --- Nous avons groupé borne à borne les appareil suivants : Elect-romètre, quartz piézo

Boyer, Edmond

334

Influence de la pression hydrostatique sur les spectres de diffusion Brillouin de la thioure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brillouin ne subissent aucune modification lors du passage dans les zones o√Ļ le param√®tre 03B4 se bloque sur apparait une nouvelle phase (VI) qui correspond a la valeur 6 = 1/3, [6, 7J. La structure demeure donc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

SUR L'EMPLOI DE LA MTHODE D'AMORTISSEMENT POUR DTERMINER LA VALEUR DE L'OHM;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H la composante horizontale du champ terrestre, 1 l'in- tensit√© du courant induit √† l'√©poque t, x la conditions que, pour t == u, on ait Cette derni√®re condition peut para√ģtre douteuse, puisque l'extra- courant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

Le Lait (1980), LX, 635-644 Recherche d'aflatoxine Ml dans les poudres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- cole analytique utilise 50 g de poudre de lactosérum, ce qui revient à effectuer l'examen sur environ - ondes longues 366 mm). Toute tache suspecte est repérée et dosée au fluorodensitomètre Vernon en se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

Sensitivity Study of a Semi-automatic Supervised Classifier Applied to Minerals from X-Ray Mapping Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lyngby, Denmark aa@imm.dtu.dk Harald Flesche Norsk Hydro Research Centre N-5020 Bergen, Norway Harald.Flesche@nho.hydro to a small area in order to allow for the estimation of a variance-covariance matrix. This expansion is presently used as a routine petrographi- cal analysis method at Norsk Hydro Research Cen- tre. 1

338

Numerical Modeling of Hydro-acoustic Waves In Weakly Compressible Fluid Ali Abdolali1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Modeling of Hydro-acoustic Waves In Weakly Compressible Fluid Ali Abdolali1,2 , James T of Civil Engineering, University of Roma Tre Low-frequency hydro-acoustic waves are precursors of tsunamis. Detection of hydro-acoustic waves generated due to the water column compression triggered by sudden seabed

Kirby, James T.

339

valseur absolue, quand l'intensit elle-mme est faible, que Iors-qu'elle est plus grande.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PELTIER; PAR M. E. BOUTY. Dans deux Mťmoires antťrieurs (1) j'ai ťtabli : iį que les dťpŰts galvaniques de Peltier se produit ŗ la surface de contact d'une ťlectrode et d'un ťlectrolyte. De nouvelles hauteur du liquide dans le vase est peu supťrieure ŗ celle du thermomŤ tre, de telle sorte que le cou

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

340

Water Resources Water Quality and Water Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 2nd November, 2011 #12;OVERVIEW Water Quality WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TRE OVERVIEW OF THE LECTURE 1. Water Distribution Schemes Hand Pump

Sohoni, Milind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

waTer economics. environmenTand Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

41 cenTre for waTer economics. environmenTand Policy "Men and nature must work hand in hand and public policy insights for the supply, demand, management, and governance of water CWEEP pronounced `sweep' as in to survey so as to obtain a whole and continuous view of the world #12;42 waTer is a cri

Botea, Adi

342

Centre de Recherches Critiques sur le Droit -CERCRID Unit associe au CNRS, rattache l'Universit Jean Monnet de Saint Etienne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conf√©rences, Universit√© Jean Monnet. Olivier GOUT, Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences, Universit√© Jean Monnet. Xavier, G√©rard BLANC, Marianne COTTIN, Olivier GOUT, Xavier HAUBRY, Lat√©kou√© LAWSON-BODY, Jean-Louis POURRET

Boyer, Edmond

343

Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

344

Student Research Abstract: Trustworthy Remote Entities in the Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Research Abstract: Trustworthy Remote Entities in the Smart Grid Andrew J. Paverd to enhance user privacy by introducing a novel element into the smart grid architecture. The Trustworthy a group of smart meters and the external smart grid entities. The TRE enhances user privacy by providing

Oxford, University of

345

ULTIMO CONCERTO STAGIONE SINFONICA 2010/2011 gioved 30 Giugno 2011 ore 21.00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

si rivela un concerto d'uccelli (allegro) intonato da tre violini, il riposo del pastore con il suo cane (largo) e la danza finale (allegro). Il violino solista rappresenta un pastore addormentato, le da lontano nella calura estiva (allegro non molto allegro), quindi il pastore che si spaventa per l

De Cindio, Fiorella

346

UFFICIO STAMPA Ufficio Stampa -Universit degli Studi di Trento  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.stampa@unitn.it Archivio comunicati: www.unitn.it/comunicati-stampa Comunicato stampa Firmato a Parigi l'accordo con il a Parigi presso la sede storica del Collège in Place Berthelot dal direttore Pierre Corvol e dal rettore Universitario Internazionale di Parigi. Altrettanto farà l'Ateneo trentino accogliendo fino a tre dottorandi o

347

The AmAzing Journey of Columbia River Salmon B O N N E V I L  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 WAiTing To hATch 1 reneWing The cycLe 10 reTurn ing To spAWning grounds 9 cLimbing fish LAdders 8 sWimming upsTreAm 7 Living in The oceAn 6 yolk sac redd alevin 3 Five...

348

Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Presidenza I Facolt Medicina e Chirurgia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Presidenza I Facoltà Medicina e Chirurgia Segreteria I Facoltà di Medicina intende conferire tre incarichi per lo svolgimento dell' attività di E LUOGO: Roma, Presidenza I facoltà di Medicina , 12 mesi PUBBLICAZIONE: Il presente avviso sarà

Guidoni, Leonardo

349

DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA SPERIMENTALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA SPERIMENTALE Rep. 19/2014 AVVISO DI CONFERIMENTO DI COLLABORAZIONE Visto l Medicina Sperimentale intende conferire n¬į 1 (uno ) incarico per lo svolgimento di una collaborazione di periferico. DURATA E LUOGO: mesi 3 (tre) presso il Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale ¬≠ Sezione di

Di Pillo, Gianni

350

Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Dipartimento Medicina Sperimentale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Universit√† degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Dipartimento Medicina Sperimentale Viale Regina Elena, 324, 000161 ROMA C.F.80209930587 ¬≠ P.IVA 02133771002 DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA SPERIMENTALE Rep. 9 che il Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale intende conferire n¬į3 (tre) incarichi per lo svolgimento

Guidoni, Leonardo

351

COMUNICATO STAMPA Le borse per Scuole di Specializzazione di Medicina di Unisa passano da 2 a 18  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMUNICATO STAMPA Le borse per Scuole di Specializzazione di Medicina di Unisa passano da 2 a 18 In merito alle tre scuole di specializzazione in Medicina e Chirurgia assegnate per la prima volta all specializzazione in Medicina e Chirurgia, tenendo fede all'impegno che lo stesso Ministro prese in occasione della

Costagliola, Gennaro

352

Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Dipartimento Medicina Sperimentale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Dipartimento Medicina Sperimentale Viale Regina Elena, 324, 000161 ROMA C.F.80209930587 ­ P.IVA 02133771002 DIPARTIMENT0 DI MEDICINA SPERIMENTALE AVVISO DI il Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale intende conferire tre incarichi per lo svolgimento dell

Guidoni, Leonardo

353

J Phys. III FYance 7 (1997) 387-404 FEBRUARY 1997, PAGE 387 Pr(diction des v)brations du stator d'une Inachine h r41uctance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reluctance Motor ID-S-S R M.), different causes of vibrations are considered In this kind of machine and of static converter on vibration and acoustic noise emitted by the D-S-S-R M (*) Auteur auquel doit @tre) PACS.84.50.+d Electric motors PACS.85 70 Ay Magnetic device characterization, design, and modeling PACS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

30/11/08 7:32 PMScienceDirect -Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transport...sportation networks: An evolutionary variational inequality formulation Page 1 of 28http://www.sciencedirect.com.subzero.lib.uoguelph.ca/science?_ob=..._userid=106721  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the unification of evolutionary variational inequalities and projected dynamical systems. Keywords: Electric power.1016/j.tre.2006.03.002 Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Dynamic electric power supply In this paper, we develop a static electric power supply chain network equilibrium model with known demands

Cojocaru, Monica

355

Mesurer l'efficacit des dputs au sein du Parlement franais  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fronti√®res non-param√©triques Julien Navarro* Nicolas Vaillant** Fran√ßois-Charles Wolff *** 2012 Navarro, Nicolas G√©rard Vaillant, Fran√ßois-Charles Wolff Juillet 2012 Julien Navarro est ma√ģtre de, la sociologie du personnel politique et l'Union europ√©enne. (julien.navarro@icl-lille.fr) Nicolas

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1 sous le sceau de l'Universit Europenne de Bretagne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sabatier, Toulouse Jean-Marc MENAUD / Examinateur Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences, HDR, Ecole des Mines de Nantes at the COST Action IC804. I also thank Jean-Marc Menaud, Jean-Louis Pazat, and Michael Sch√∂ttner for taking

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

357

THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1 sous le sceau de l'Universit Europenne de Bretagne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Louis PAZAT Professeur, INSA de Rennes Pr√©sident Jean-Marc MENAUD Ma√ģtre de conf√©rence, Ecole des Mines de thank to reviewers, Dr. Jean-Marc Menaud and Prof. Philippe Collet for spending time to review my thesis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

Massachusetts Clean Air Act (Massachusetts)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Act contains regulations to prevent the pollution and contamination of the atmosphere. The Act establishes a contiguous metropolitan pollution control district, comprised of towns in the...

360

Durable Catalysts for Fuel Cell Protection during Transient Conditions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Group Meeting: June 2014 DOE's Fuel Cell Catalyst R&D Activities Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on High-Stability-Low-Cost Supports...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States This report summarizes the offshore wind resource potential for the contiguous United States and Hawaii as of May 2009. The...

362

ALUMINUM READINESS EVALUATION FOR ALUMINUM REMOVAL AND SODIUM HYDROXIDE REGENRATION FROM HANFORD TANK WASTE BY LITHIUM HYDROTALCITE PRECIPITATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Technology Readiness Evaluation (TRE) performed by AREV A Federal Services, LLC (AFS) for Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) shows the lithium hydrotalcite (LiHT) process invented and patented (pending) by AFS has reached an overall Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 3. The LiHT process removes aluminum and regenerates sodium hydroxide. The evaluation used test results obtained with a 2-L laboratory-scale system to validate the process and its critical technology elements (CTEs) on Hanford tank waste simulants. The testing included detailed definition and evaluation for parameters of interest and validation by comparison to analytical predictions and data quality objectives for critical subsystems. The results of the TRE would support the development of strategies to further mature the design and implementation of the LiHT process as a supplemental pretreatment option for Hanford tank waste.

SAMS TL; MASSIE HL

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

363

Banatrace, un systme d'information gographique multi-acteurs pour la gestion et la traabilit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1 du code rural, et √©tablit : ¬∑ des obligations de d√©claration pr√© et post traitement, ¬∑ les limites de'arr√™t√© du 5 mars 2004 sont les habitations et jardins ; les b√Ętiments et parcs o√Ļ des animaux sont pr√©sents'eau douce ou saum√Ętre ; les ruches et ruchers d√©clar√©s ; les parcs d'√©levage de gibier, parcs nationaux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

364

Louvain-la-Neuve, lundi 5 mai 2013 Recherche UCL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biom√©dicale. Parce qu'il avait du temps libre et que le laboratoire de physiologie se trouvait en face de son'essentiel : la structure ADN, le code g√©n√©tique, ce qui est commun √† tous les √™tres vivants. Pour ceux qui ont ¬Ľ, ¬ę parce que nous voulions mieux nous faire conna√ģtre et que le nom du professeur de Duve fait

Nesterov, Yurii

365

Journes Nationales des IAE 3 & 4 avril 2006 Montpellier Congrs du Cinquantenaire : Les Sciences de Gestion, acquis et perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parcs Industriels Fournisseurs : des Communaut√©s de Pratique qui signorent ? Sonia ADAM-LEDUNOIS Ma√ģtre.38.49.48.68 ¬≠ Fax : 02.38.49.48.16 ¬≠ Email : sophie.renault@univ-orleans.fr R√©sum√© : Cet article √©tudie les Parcs de proximit√© observ√©s, l√©mergence de codes, de conventions, la conscience de lobjectif commun se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

366

PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08 Version : 00 TECHNICIEN AM√?NAGEMENT INT√?RIEUR Date : 01). Comp√©tences Conna√ģtre le parc machines atelier et les mat√©riaux utilis√©s ; Avoir des notions de base ; Appliquer les r√®gles de s√©curit√© ; #12;PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08 Version : 00 TECHNICIEN

van Tiggelen, Bart

367

dpasser les frontires d'AlAn Turing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

premi√®re pierre de notre monde num√©rique. Dix ans plus tard, le m√™me Alan Turing par- ticipe d puisse para√ģtre, les contributions d'Alan Turing ne s'arr√™tent pas l√†. Il a particip√©, pen- dantla, math√©matiques, informatique, biologie : Alan Turing est le symbole √©clatant de l'art de faire dialoguer les

van Tiggelen, Bart

368

Le Mcanisme pour un Dveloppement Propre : esquisse go-environnementale de la participation du Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canada Mo√Įse TSAYEM DEMAZE Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences en g√©ographie √† l'Universit√© du Maine UMR CNRS 6590 Canada associ√© aux pays en d√©veloppement. Les donn√©es utilis√©es montrent qu'en janvier 2011, la Chine, l Japon et les Pays-Bas, sont les principaux pays investisseurs. La participation du Canada est quasi

Boyer, Edmond

369

Esercizi di Matematica Discreta --CdS in Informatica, a.a.2003-2004 Funzioni composte e funzioni invertibili  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Esercizi di Matematica Discreta -- CdS in Informatica, a.a.2003-2004 Funzioni composte e funzioni¬īe dominio e codominio delle tre funzioni sono uguali, si possono costruire 6 funzioni composte, hanno tutte(h(x)) = h(-x) = x. Solo le due funzioni composte h f e f h sono uguali. 5 #12;Es.3 g f : Z √? Z Z √? Z `e

Robbiano, Lorenzo

370

Communiqu : Inauguration du btiment 11 E, un quipement de recherche ddi aux nanosciences sur le campus de Beaulieu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Communiqu√© : Inauguration du b√Ętiment 11 E, un √©quipement de recherche d√©di√© aux nanosciences campus de Beaulieu. D√©di√© aux nanosciences, cet √©quipement de recherche, financ√© dans le cadre d auto-assemblages bio-inspir√©s. Les nanosciences sont l'√©tude de la mati√®re √† l'√©chelle du nanom√®tre

Rennes, Université de

371

Myriam Catusse Les rinventions du social dans le Maroc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Myriam Catusse Les r√©inventions du social dans le Maroc "ajust√©" Revue des mondes musulmans et de of depoliticization. R√©sum√© : Le Maroc de l'ajustement structurel et de la lib√©ralisation √©conomique est le th√©√Ętre d, publiait un article intitul√© ¬ęLa trajectoire du Maroc ind√©pendant : une panne de l'ascenseur social

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Economies d'eau en Systmes IRrigus au Maghreb. Deuxime atelier rgional du projet Sirma, Marrakech,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Marrakech, Maroc, 29-31 mai 2006. Exploitation des eaux souterraines dans le périmètre irrigué de Tadla (Maroc) Etat des lieux et éléments de méthodologie pour contribuer à une réflexion sur une gestion(4) (1) IAV Hassan II, Rabat, Maroc (2) Cirad/IAV, Rabat, Maroc (3) ENA Meknes, Meknes, Maroc (4

Boyer, Edmond

373

Serge Marlet et Pierre Ruelle (diteurs scientifiques), 2002. Vers une matrise des impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

souterraines et des sols dans le périmètre irrigué du Tadla, au Maroc Aziz BELLOUTI*, Fatima CHERKAOUI valeur agricole du Tadla, BP 244, Fquih Ben Salah, Maroc ** Ecole nationale d'agriculture de Meknès, BP S/40, rue Haj Kadour, Meknès, Maroc *** Institut agronomique et vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat, Maroc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

Siljansfors frskspark Hyggesfritt,bldning,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

det i våra vanligaste skogstyper? Vem vill ha det? Den 15-17 september reder vi ut be- greppen med tre exkursion till försöksytor i skiktade skogar av tall och gran. 16 september kl. 8:30-16: Internationell gran och fröträdsställning av tall. Europeiska jordbruksfonden för landsbygdsutveckling: Europa

375

Examen de mathmatiques 2009 Dure : 45 minutes. Je souhaite voir apparatre les calculs sur les copies. Tout rsultat livr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STIA3 Examen de math√©matiques 2009 Dur√©e : 45 minutes. Je souhaite voir appara√ģtre les calculs sur la solution g√©n√©rale de l'√©quation di¬§√©rentielle : y0 + y = 3x2 + 7: #12;STIA3 Examen de condition initiale y (0) = 1: #12;STIA 3 / Ann√©e 2011 Mise a niveau Math Dur√©e 45 minutes Exercice 1

Mas, André

376

L'Asie Orientale sur la voie d'une reconnexion rgionalise ? C. FIGUIERE (MCF), L. GUILHOT (Doctorante), JC. SIMON (CR IRD)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1997. En effet, le cadre de lASEAN+3, b√©n√©ficiant dun renforcement des flux intra-r√©gionaux, initie une. It considers this reconnection as more-region based since the 1997 Asian crisis. The ASEAN+3, with increased analyse porte sur le p√©rim√®tre g√©ographique ASEAN +32 , qui rassemble des ¬ę nations g√©ographiquement

Boyer, Edmond

377

DETTE,STRATEGIES MATRIMONIALES ET INSTITUTION D'HERITIER :SUR L'ELITE PAYSANNE LOMBARDE AU IXe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aboutissent √† restreindre l'autonomie de la paysannerie, voire, dans certains cas, √† la faire dispara√ģtre d√©tenteurs de terre. Cela n'avait pas √©t√© le cas jusqu'alors, sauf dans les r√©gions d'implantation massive du grand domaine, c'est-√†-dire essentiellement en Gaule du Nord. Pour illustrer ces propos, je me propose

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

378

Evaluating recreational fisheries for an endangered species: a case study of taimen,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dans les pe^ches sportives lors- qu'il y a peu de donne¬īes, ce qui est tre`s souvent le cas, me^me dans¬īe, les enjeux sont plus importants et les ressources de gestion moindres. Nous combinons une expe, Hucho taimen), une espe`ce menace¬īe, dans le nord de la Mongolie. Le mode`le nous permet d'e¬īvaluer l

Vander Zanden, Jake

379

Beyond the Thin Lens Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain analytic formulae for the null geodesics of Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetimes with scalar perturbations in the longitudinal gauge. We use these to provide a rigorous derivation of the cosmological lens equation. We obtain an expression for the magnification of a bundle of light rays in these spacetimes without restriction to static or thin lens scenarios. We show how the usual magnification matrix naturally emerges in the appropriate limits.

Ted Pyne; Mark Birkinshaw

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

380

Beyond the Thin Lens Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain analytic formulae for the null geodesics of Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetimes with scalar perturbations in the longitudinal gauge. From these we provide a rigorous derivation of the cosmological lens equation, and obtain an expression for the magnification of a bundle of light rays without restriction to static or thin lens scenarios. We show how the usual magnification matrix naturally emerges in the appropriate limits.

Ted Pyne; Mark Birkinshaw

1995-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Development and validation of transgene constructs in order to generate bi-transgenic mice models for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-polyA signal ....................... 36 Figure 14: CNPase-rtTA pUC57 confirmation digest ...................................................... 37 Figure 15: pTRE-Tight-Bi-AcGFP1-DN-ErbB4 cloning ................................................ 38 Figure 16...: GFP expression by the DN-ErbB4 construct .................................................. 39 Figure 17: Dn-ErbB4 immunoblot analysis ...................................................................... 41 Figure 18: CNPase-rtTA digestion...

Nair, Lakshmy

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

382

ECOLE PRATIQUE DES HAUTES ETUDES Mention Histoire, textes et documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Etude diachronique du syst√®me verbal persan (Xe -XVIe si√®cles) : d'un √©quilibre √† l'autre ? Agn√®s changements morphologiques et syntaxiques du syst√®me verbal persan entre les Xe et XVIe si√®cles. Dix textes en prose repr√©sentatifs (r√©gions et dialectes, jud√©o-persan compris) ont pu faire appara√ģtre les √©volutions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

L'URANIUM ET LES ARMES L'URANIUM APPAUVRI. Pierre Roussel*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L'URANIUM ET LES ARMES √? L'URANIUM APPAUVRI. Pierre Roussel* Institut de Physique Nucl√©aire, CNRS massivement dans la guerre du Golfe, des obus anti- chars ont √©t√© utilis√©s, avec des "charges d'uranium, avec une charge de 300 g d'uranium et tir√© par des avions, l'autre de 120 mm de diam√®tre avec une

Boyer, Edmond

384

Ministre de l'ducation nationale, de l'enseignement suprieur et de la recherche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sup√©rieure MONTPELLIER AUDOUIN Marie-Claude IA-IPR VERSAILLES BARBOLOSI Dominique Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences AIX-MARSEILLE III BENNEQUIN Daniel Professeur des universit√©s PARIS VII CESARO Joseph IA-IPR NICE CHMURA R√©mi de chaire sup√©rieure lyc√©e F. Mistral AVIGNON COURBON Denise IA-IPR LYON DEGUEN Eliane IA-IPR RENNES

Champion, Thierry

385

MINISTRE DE L'DUCATION NATIONALE, DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT SUPERIEUR ET DE LA RECHERCHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ALESSANDRONI Philippe IA-IPR NANCY METZ Mme AMIOT Martine IA-IPR CRETEIL M. ANDRIEUX Jean-Claude Professeur Agr√©g√© DIJON M. AUBRY Pierre-Jean Professeur Agr√©g√© CRETEIL Mme AUDOUIN Marie-Claude IA-IPR VERSAILLES Mme AYAX Sylvie Professeur Agr√©g√© VERSAILLES M. AYMES Jean IA-IPR TOULOUSE M. BADRA Abdallah Ma√ģtre de

Menichi, Luc

386

Paris, le 6 janvier 2014 Des rductions rgionales importantes de biomasse dans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1/2 Paris, le 6 janvier 2014 Des r√©ductions r√©gionales importantes de biomasse dans l'oc√©an profond futures r√©ductions r√©gionales de biomasse dans l'oc√©an profond √† l'aide de mod√®les du climat de derni√®re pas √† l'abri des impacts du changement climatique et que leur biomasse devrait conna√ģtre une forte

Canet, Léonie

387

Tides Of Time Issue 8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fiiijiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiil consI:mtJy n.-",rile the show, bciIl; cri'ii., For c:xampk I did tic Frv.: able to dmw tre n . Sane i

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

La lecture au dfi du virtuel Christian Vandendorpe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

autot√©lique, qui trouve en soi sa pro- pre finalit√©. Ce faisant, le roman nous a aussi appris comment lire les fait que, historiquement, le roman a √©t√© notre ma√ģtre de lecture et a fait de celle-ci une activit√©. C'est la diffusion massive du roman √† la fin du XVIe si√®cle, suivant de peu l'essor de l

Boyer, Edmond

389

Gravitational Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spontaneous violation of Lorentz and diffeomorphism invariance in a phase near the big bang lowers the entropy, allowing for an arrow of time and the second law of thermodynamics. The spontaneous symmetry breaking leads to $O(3,1)\\rightarrow O(3)\\times R$, where $O(3)$ is the rotational symmetry of the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetime. The Weyl curvature tensor $C_{\\mu\

Moffat, J W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Emploi du temps L1-S1 anne 2013-2014 Version dfinitive (1) 8h 10h 10h15 12h15 13h30 15h30 15h45 17h45 18h30 20h30  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 - Aquaboulevard U Amphith√©√Ętre - S 2, 4, 6, 8 et 10 dont 2h PRL UE 11 TD Conduite motrice UE 13. Rythmique UE 13 Pratique Boxe UE 13 Pratique Boxe UE 11 TD Conduite motrice G1 - Gymn. Deleplace G1a : 10 raquette UE 11 CM Gr2 - Conduite motrice A UE 11 TD Conduite motrice UE 13 Pratique Rugby UE 13 Pratique

Pellier, Damien

391

Version finale avant publication. Publie in Weller Jean-Marc, Comment ranger son bureau ? Le fonctionnaire, l'agriculteur, le droit et l'argent , Rseaux, 2012/1 n 171, p. 67-101. DOI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, croulant sous d'improbables piles de papiers mais jurant qu'il ne faut rien toucher √† ce d√©sordre, sous pr√©texte qu'il dissimulerait, en v√©rit√©, un ordonnancement d√©licat ? La question du rangement peut para√ģtre incroyable ph√©nom√®ne qu'est l'invention du ¬ę bureau moderne ¬Ľ. N√© au tournant du si√®cle dernier, il s

Boyer, Edmond

392

Informations sur le(s) auteur(s) Prnom, NOM et  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ici comment il a envisag√© les diff√©rentes √©tudes √† mener autour du compositeur Louis Gr√©non (1734 Gr√©non (1734-1769). Originaire de Saintes, il occupa successivement plusieurs postes, comme beaucoup de musiciens de son temps. Ma√ģtre de chapelle aux cath√©drales du Puy-en-Velay puis de Clermont, il regagna

Boyer, Edmond

393

la cellule en cuivre en contact avec l'hydrogne liquide (fig. 3). La liaison entre la cellule et le rservoir tritium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et le réservoir tritium gazeux est un tube d'acier inoxydable de 2 mm de diamètre. Les essais au tritium, dont le point triple est de 20,3 ~K (communiqué par J. K. Seagrave). Afin d'éviter une solidification dangereuse du tritium, une pressurisation de 0 à 100 g~cm2 environ est prévue sur le cryostat à

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

394

The female protagonists in the novels of Romulo Gallegos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reoeived critical acolaim. Out of his nine novels six of them contain strong female protagonists. They are Reinaldo Solar (1913), Za tre Cora (1925), Delta SCrbara (1929), ~Pobre ne o (1957), Sabre la atelea t1erla (1945), ann a brtena de a en el... ' REINALDO SOLAR ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ . . 16 Roeaura Nendeville . . . . . . . . . 16 IV. LA TREPADORA . ~ . ~ . ~ Adelsida Ssloede de Guanipa Viotoria Guanipa V. DONA BARBARA DcHa Barbara Narisela Barquero VI. POBRE NEGRO Luisana Alcorta ~ 27 27 57...

Pierce, Susan Elizabeth

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

A study of cytological and morphological segregation in "F 1" three-species hybrids derived from hexaploid X diploid crosses of Gossypium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(b). Cytological segregation, . . . . . 69 E. Cytology of Three-Species hybrids . . . . 71 (a). Formation of excess multivalents. . . 79 (b). Cytological segregation........... .. 87 V. DISCUSSION....................................91 VI...]^^^ 29 IV. Percentage of Abnormal Pollen in G. hirsutum, arboreum, Triploids (AD)A2, Hexaploids 2(AD)]_A2 and Three-Species Hybrids AR/lTRE/E EX V. Comparison of Self- and Cross-Fertilization Tests in Hexaploids......................32 VI...

Memon, Abdul Rahman M.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

CONTRIBUTION A L'TUDE DES SOURCES DE THORIUM C ET DE THORIUM C'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

583 CONTRIBUTION A L'√?TUDE DES SOURCES DE THORIUM C ET DE THORIUM C' Par Marie ADER, Physique atomique, Coll√®ge de France. Un d√©p√īt actif de thorium sur disque d'argent de 3 mm de diam√®tre, constitue plaques impressionn√©es par une solution de nitrate de thorium par la m√©thode de contact et la m√©thode des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

397

Politique, Pouvoir, Organisation Comits de visite de l'AERES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Section 40 Politique, Pouvoir, Organisation Motion Comités de visite de l'AERES Problèmes posés par l'AERES dans l'organisation des Comités de visite des laboratoires. La section 40 du comité national'elle intervienne auprès de l'AERES pour éviter que des Comités de visite de laboratoire relevant de son périmètre

van Tiggelen, Bart

398

Shear Connections for the Development of a Full-Depth Precast Concrete Deck System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Institute of Steel Construction BC Bolt with coupler shear connection CCD Concrete capacity design CIP Cast-in-place KB Kwik-bolt mechanical anchor shear connection LRFD Load and resistance factor design LVDT Linear variable differential... transducer NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NS Nelson stud R R-bar shear connection within a pocket system SIP Stay-in-place TR Threaded rod shear connection TRC Threaded rod with coupler shear connection TRE Threaded rod post...

Henley, Matthew D.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

399

Wood Burning Combined Cycle Power Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Portland General Electric ~f Portland, Oregon was sponsored to perform the design study with project management provided by F. W. Braun Engineers of Hillsboro, Oregon. rpe Fern Engineering Division of Thomassen U.S. of Bourne, Massachusetts provided... the gas turbin~, process evaluation and control support. Hauge International of Portland, Maine provided tre design input for the ceramic heat exchanger. 782 ESL-IE-84-04-136 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference...

Culley, J. W.; Bourgeois, H. S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Exploration of Novel Fuels for Gas Turbine (ENV-406) Modeling of T60 Test Rig with Diesel & Biodiesel Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Biodiesel Fuels M√©moire Mina Youssef Ma√ģtrise en g√©nie m√©canique Ma√ģtre √®s sciences (M.Sc.) Qu√©bec, Canada de biodiesel B20. La matrice de test num√©rique constitue de quatre cas d'√©coulement r√©actifs c to simulate the liquid combustion of conventional and non- conventional biodiesel fuels, in particularly the B

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

MANAGEMENT DE TRANSITION : ANALYSE D'UNE PRATIQUE EN EMERGENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANAGEMENT DE TRANSITION : ANALYSE D'UNE PRATIQUE EN EMERGENCE Karima LAHMOUZ, Ma√ģtre de, portable : 06 73 93 49 48, fax : + 33 (0)3 89 33 74 55. R√©sum√© : Le management de transition est apparu en pratiques du management de transition ¬Ľ au sein de l'Acad√©mie des Sciences Comptables et Financi√®res ont

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

Gamma ray bursts may be blueshifted bundles of the relic radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hypothesis is proposed that the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may arise by blueshifting the emission radiation of hydrogen and helium generated during the last scattering epoch. The blueshift mechanism is provided by such a Lema\\^{\\i}tre -- Tolman (L--T) model, in which the bang-time function $t_B(r)$ is not everywhere constant. Blueshift arises on \\textit{radial} rays that are emitted over regions where $\\dril{t_B} r \

Krasi?ski, Andrzej

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Gamma ray bursts may be blueshifted bundles of the relic radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hypothesis is proposed that the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may arise by blueshifting the emission radiation of hydrogen and helium generated during the last scattering epoch. The blueshift mechanism is provided by such a Lema\\^{\\i}tre -- Tolman (L--T) model, in which the bang-time function $t_B(r)$ is not everywhere constant. Blueshift arises on \\textit{radial} rays that are emitted over regions where $\\dril{t_B} r \

Andrzej Krasi?ski

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

404

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 187 90s-AN ACT T O P R O H I B I T PIRHZS\\'61 BY STEAM VESSELS WIT'R  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BY STEAM VESSELS WIT'R WEIRRED O R PURSE CJEINES IN ANY O F THE WAWERS WITHIN THE JURISDICTION O F TRE, That it shall not be lawfuI for any person with steam ves- sels to take with purse or shirred nets any menhaden directed by scction four of this act j and the said steam vessel used and employed in the conmission

405

Theatre Seasons, Reports & News Briefs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negr a Te jur o Juan a qu e teng o gana s Co n l a frent e e n e l polv o La mordid a Cinc o bikini s par a u n sord o Traspas o marid o Tre s e n Josefa t Nil o m i hij o La rond a d e la hechizad a Bab y Shower , un a fiesta embarazos a...

Editors

1968-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Epigenetic involvement of Alien/ESET complex in thyroid hormone-mediated repression of E2F1 gene expression and cell proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Corepressor Alien interacts with histone methyltransferase ESET in vivo. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Alien/ESET complex is recruited to nTRE of T3-responsive gene by liganded TR{beta}1. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ESET-mediated H3K9 methylation is required for liganded TR{beta}1-repressed transcription. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ESET is involved in T3-repressed G1/S phase transition and proliferation. -- Abstract: The ligand-bound thyroid hormone receptor (TR) is known to repress via a negative TRE (nTRE) the expression of E2F1, a key transcription factor that controls the G1/S phase transition. Alien has been identified as a novel interacting factor of E2F1 and acts as a corepressor of E2F1. The detailed molecular mechanism by which Alien inhibits E2F1 gene expression remains unclear. Here, we report that the histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methyltransferase (HMT) ESET is an integral component of the corepressor Alien complex and the Alien/ESET complex is recruited to both sites, the E2F1 and the nTRE site of the E2F1 gene while the recruitment to the negative thyroid hormone response element (nTRE) is induced by the ligand-bound TR{beta}1 within the E2F1 gene promoter. We show that, overexpression of ESET promotes, whereas knockdown of ESET releases, the inhibition of TR{beta}1-regulated gene transcription upon T3 stimulation; and H3K9 methylation is required for TR{beta}1-repressed transcription. Furthermore, depletion of ESET impairs thyroid hormone-repressed proliferation as well as the G1/S transition of the cell cycle. Taken together, our data indicate that ESET is involved in TR{beta}1-mediated transcription repression and provide a molecular basis of thyroid hormone-induced repression of proliferation.

Hong, Wei, E-mail: hongwei@tijmu.edu.cn [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China) [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); College of Basic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); Li, Jinru; Wang, Bo [College of Basic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China)] [College of Basic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); Chen, Linfeng [Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, 02115 MA (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, 02115 MA (United States); Niu, Wenyan; Yao, Zhi [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China)] [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); Baniahmad, Aria, E-mail: aban@mti.uni-jena.de [Institute for Human Genetics, Jena University Hospital, 07740 Jena (Germany)] [Institute for Human Genetics, Jena University Hospital, 07740 Jena (Germany)

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

Probing Signal Design for Power System Identification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the design of effective input signals for low-level probing of power systems. In 2005, 2006, and 2008 the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) conducted four large-scale system wide tests of the western interconnected power system where probing signals were injected by modulating the control signal at the Celilo end of the Pacific DC intertie. A major objective of these tests is the accurate estimation of the inter-area electromechanical modes. A key aspect of any such test is the design of an effective probing signal that leads to measured outputs rich in information about the modes. This paper specifically studies low-level probing signal design for power-system identification. The paper describes the design methodology and the advantages of this new probing signal which was successfully applied during these tests. This probing input is a multi-sine signal with its frequency content focused in the range of the inter-area modes. The period of the signal is over two minutes providing high-frequency resolution. Up to 15 cycles of the signal are injected resulting in a processing gain of 15. The resulting system response is studied in the time and frequency domains. Because of the new probing signal characteristics, these results show significant improvement in the output SNR compared to previous tests.

Pierre, John W.; Zhou, Ning; Tuffner, Francis K.; Hauer, John F.; Trudnowski, Daniel J.; Mittelstadt, William

2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

SynchroPhasor Measurements: System Architecture and Performance Evaluation in Supporting Wide-Area Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The infrastructure of phasor measurements have evolved over the last two decades from isolated measurement units to networked measurement systems with footprints beyond individual utility companies. This is, to a great extent, a bottom-up self-evolving process except some local systems built by design. Given the number of phasor measurement units (PMUs) in the system is small (currently 70 each in western and eastern interconnections), current phasor network architecture works just fine. However, the architecture will become a bottleneck when large number of PMUs are installed (e.g. >1000~10000). The need for phasor architecture design has yet to be addressed. This paper reviews the current phasor networks and investigates future architectures, as related to the efforts undertaken by the North America SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI). Then it continues to present staged system tests to evaluate the performance of phasor networks, which is a common practice in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system. This is followed by field measurement evaluation and the implication of phasor quality issues on phasor applications.

Huang, Zhenyu; Dagle, Jeffery E.

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

409

Benchmarking of Planning Models Using Recorded Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power system planning extensively uses model simulation to understand the dynamic behaviors and determine the operating limits of a power system. Model quality is key to the safety and reliability of electricity delivery. Planning model benchmarking, or model validation, has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent dynamic behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements. The development of phasor technology provides such measurements and represents a new opportunity for model validation as phasor measurements can capture power system dynamics with high-speed, time-synchronized data. Previously, methods for rigorous comparison of model simulation and recorded dynamics have been developed and applied to quantify model quality of power plants in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). These methods can locate model components which need improvement. Recent work continues this effort and focuses on how model parameters may be calibrated to match recorded dynamics after the problematic model components are identified. A calibration method using Extended Kalman Filter technique is being developed. This paper provides an overview of prior work on model validation and presents new development on the calibration method and initial results of model parameter calibration.

Huang, Zhenyu; Yang, Bo; Kosterev, Dmitry

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Current Status and Experience of WAMS Implementation in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 15 years of successful implementation of Wide-Area Measurement Systems (WAMS) in the WECC power grid have shown significant value of WAMS data in system dynamic modeling and validation, FACTS control validation and pilot implementations of wide area protection schemes. The August 14 2003 blackout in the eastern interconnection of the North America revealed the urgent need for wide-area information acquisition for better power grid operations. The Eastern Interconnection Phasor Project (EIPP) was launched in 2003 to deploy a WAMS system in the eastern interconnection. Development of IEEE C37.118, a standard for phasor data acquisition and transmission, will aid in deployment of phasor measurement systems for WAMS applications. Technologies of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) with high precision time synchronization and Phasor Data Concentrators (PDCs) for phasor data aggregation and event recording are key to the success of WAMS implementation. This paper reviews the WAMS development in the North America and presents current and potential WAMS applications including dynamic modeling and validation and wide-area control. Past experience shows a promising future of WAMS in improving power system planning, operation and control. However, there remain challenges to make phasor measurement consistent and to meet both slow and fast data application needs.

Cai, Jim Y.; Huang, Zhenyu; Hauer, John F.; Martin, Kenneth E.

2005-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

411

Advanced Computational Methods for Security Constrained Financial Transmission Rights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Financial Transmission Rights (FTRs) are financial insurance tools to help power market participants reduce price risks associated with transmission congestion. FTRs are issued based on a process of solving a constrained optimization problem with the objective to maximize the FTR social welfare under power flow security constraints. Security constraints for different FTR categories (monthly, seasonal or annual) are usually coupled and the number of constraints increases exponentially with the number of categories. Commercial software for FTR calculation can only provide limited categories of FTRs due to the inherent computational challenges mentioned above. In this paper, first an innovative mathematical reformulation of the FTR problem is presented which dramatically improves the computational efficiency of optimization problem. After having re-formulated the problem, a novel non-linear dynamic system (NDS) approach is proposed to solve the optimization problem. The new formulation and performance of the NDS solver is benchmarked against widely used linear programming (LP) solvers like CPLEXô and tested on both standard IEEE test systems and large-scale systems using data from the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). The performance of the NDS is demonstrated to be comparable and in some cases is shown to outperform the widely used CPLEX algorithms. The proposed formulation and NDS based solver is also easily parallelizable enabling further computational improvement.

Kalsi, Karanjit; Elbert, Stephen T.; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

412

Model Validation with Hybrid Dynamic Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractóModel validation has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent actual behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements or known benchmark behavior. System-wide model simulation results can be compared with actual recordings. However, it is difficult to construct a simulation case for a large power system such as the WECC system and to narrow down to problematic models in a large system. Hybrid dynamic simulation with its capability of injecting external signals into dynamic simulation enables rigorous comparison of measurements and simulation in a small subsystem of interest. This paper presents such a model validation methodology with hybrid dynamic simulation. Two application examples on generator and load model validation are presented to show the validity of this model validation methodology. This methodology is further extended for automatic model validation and dichotomous subsystem model validation. A few methods to define model quality indices have been proposed to quantify model error for model validation criteria development.

Huang, Zhenyu; Kosterev, Dmitry; Guttromson, Ross T.; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

413

Advanced Computational Methods for Security Constrained Financial Transmission Rights: Structure and Parallelism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Financial Transmission Rights (FTRs) help power market participants reduce price risks associated with transmission congestion. FTRs are issued based on a process of solving a constrained optimization problem with the objective to maximize the FTR social welfare under power flow security constraints. Security constraints for different FTR categories (monthly, seasonal or annual) are usually coupled and the number of constraints increases exponentially with the number of categories. Commercial software for FTR calculation can only provide limited categories of FTRs due to the inherent computational challenges mentioned above. In this paper, a novel non-linear dynamical system (NDS) approach is proposed to solve the optimization problem. The new formulation and performance of the NDS solver is benchmarked against widely used linear programming (LP) solvers like CPLEXô and tested on large-scale systems using data from the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). The NDS is demonstrated to outperform the widely used CPLEX algorithms while exhibiting superior scalability. Furthermore, the NDS based solver can be easily parallelized which results in significant computational improvement.

Elbert, Stephen T.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Rice, Mark J.; Glaesemann, Kurt R.; Zhou, Ning

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

414

Frequency Response Analysis Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Frequency response has received a lot of attention in recent years at the national level, which culminated in the development and approval of North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) BAL-003-1 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting Reliability Standard. This report is prepared to describe the details of the work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in collaboration with the Bonneville Power Administration and Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Joint Synchronized Information Subcommittee (JSIS) to develop a frequency response analysis tool (FRAT). The document provides the details on the methodology and main features of the FRAT. The tool manages the database of under-frequency events and calculates the frequency response baseline. Frequency response calculations are consistent with frequency response measure (FRM) in NERC BAL-003-1 for an interconnection and balancing authority. The FRAT can use both phasor measurement unit (PMU) data, where available, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) data. The tool is also capable of automatically generating NERC Frequency Response Survey (FRS) forms required by BAL-003-1 Standard.

Etingov, Pavel V.; Kosterev, Dmitry; Dai, T.

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Camas Creek.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

would connect two separate protect- ed areas owned by the Idaho Department of Fish and Game, creating a contiguous wildlife area of almost 5,000 acres. Camas Creek and...

416

?-Lactones as Key Building Blocks: Synthetic Applications to Diverse Natural Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cyclopentanes an organocatalyzed tandem Michael aldol-lactonization process is reported. Subsequently revealing conditions for an enantioselective variant generating two C-C bonds, one C-O bond, two rings, and up to three contiguous stereocenters from simple...

Shirley, Morgan

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

417

Influence of surface roughness and waviness upon thermal contact resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work deals with the phenomenon of thermal resistance between contacting solids. Attention is directed towards contiguous solids possessing both surface roughness and waviness. When two such surfaces are brought together ...

Yovanovich, M. Michael

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

E-Print Network 3.0 - alien tree schinus Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The outcome of alien tree invasions in Puerto Rico. Front Ecol Environ 22: 265-73. Martin PH... of an essentially contiguous canopy of tree foliage. We begin by evaluating the...

419

Economic feasibility and risk of using prescribed extreme fire as an invasive brush management tool in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

four contiguous counties in each of three eco-regions in Texas: Rolling Plains, Edwards Plateau, and the South Texas Plains. Focus group meetings with landowners and NRCS/Extension personnel were held in each region to obtain preliminary information...

Van Liew, Dustin Bruce

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Renewable Electricity Futures: Exploration of Up to 80% Renewable Electricity Penetration in the United States (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Hand, M.; DeMeo, E.; Hostick, D.; Mai, T.; Schlosser, C. A.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Hand, M. M.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

PEM/SPE fuel cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PEM/SPE fuel cell is described including a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) having a plurality of oriented filament embedded the face thereof for supporting the MEA and conducting current therefrom to contiguous electrode plates. 4 figs.

Grot, S.A.

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

426

PEM/SPE fuel cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PEM/SPE fuel cell including a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) having a plurality of oriented filament embedded the face thereof for supporting the MEA and conducting current therefrom to contiguous electrode plates.

Grot, Stephen Andreas (Henrietta, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This permit is required whenever a project proposes to disturb more than 100,000 square feet of contiguous terrain (50,000 square feet if any portion of project is within protected shoreland), or...

428

Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cities, counties, or several contiguous counties in Oregon can set up Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones. The zone can only cover territory outside of the urban growth boundary of any large...

429

Environmental State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biology Water Science Nursery Management Plant Breeding Biofuel Feedstocks OUR DEPARTMENT The PLANT specialties, including plant breeding, genetic engineering, sustainable agriculture, ornamental production State University is the only land-grant, Hispanic serving university in the contiguous United States

430

Urban influence on diversity of avifauna in the Edwards Plateau of Texas: effect of property sizes on rural landscape structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculated for 31 North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) transects, 12 located within the Edwards Plateau ecoregion and 18 in contiguous ecoregions. Spatial correlations were calculated between each pair of these indices. The spatial analysis identified...

Gonzalez Afanador, Edith

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

A study of diurnal pressure and temperature oscillations in the atmosphere between 500 MB and 50 MB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF DIURNAL PRESSURE AND 'IEMPERATURE OSCILLATIONS IN TRE ATMOSPMSRE BETWEEN 500 MB AND 50 MB A Thesis By Victor Shelby Whitehead Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of January l960 IlaJor subJect - Meteorology A STUDY OP DIURNAL PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE OSCILLATIONS IN THE ATII)SPHERE BETWEEN 500 MB AND 50 MB A Thesis By Victor Shelby Whitehead Approved as to style...

Whitehead, Victor Shelby

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Laboratoire d'Identifi-cation et de modlisa-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G√©nie min√©ral, √?cole Mohammadia d'ing√©nieurs, BP 765, Rabat-Agdal, MAROC Mohamed Faouzi et Abdelkader nappe phr√©atique des Beni-Amir (Tadla, Maroc) Les contacts Ing√©nieriesN¬į27¬≠p.23√†36 Septembre2001 L e p√©rim√®tre des B√©ni-Amir (Tadla) est l'un des plus anciens p√©rim√®tres irrigu√©s du Maroc. Sa premi√®re mise en

Boyer, Edmond

433

MAT 2717 -Processus stochastiques Chapitre 2 Partie 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pii Pii 1 - Pii autre √©tat que i temps n 0 Figure 28: Temps de s√©jour √† un √©tat i d'une cha√ģne de) = Pk-1 ii (1 - Pii), et par cons√©quent Pr(Si > l) = kl+1 Pr(Si = k) = Pl ii, pour tout l 0. ¬∑ Le temps de s√©jour Si est donc une variable al√©atoire discr√®te qui suit une loi g√©om√©trique de param√®tre 1-Pii

Lessard, Sabin

434

RECONSTRUCTION POST-CONFLIT VIOLENCE ET POLITIQUE EN COTE D'IVOIRE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECONSTRUCTION ¬ę POST-CONFLIT ¬Ľ VIOLENCE ET POLITIQUE EN COTE D'IVOIRE Richard Ban√©gas* Marqu√©e par plus 10 ann√©es de crise politico-militaire, la C√īte d'Ivoire semble aujourd'hui rena√ģtre de ses cendres red√©ploiement de l'administration dans les r√©gions du nord jusqu'alors sous contr√īle des insurg√©s va bon train

Boyer, Edmond

435

A LA CROISEE DES VOIES CELESTES FAXR AL-DIN `ERAQI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, m√©taphysicien et ma√ģtre spirituel, ,,Er√Ęqi est un auteur mystique persan du XIIIe si√®cle √† la pens√©e riche en exemplaires, et repr√©sentatives de toute la po√©sie classique persane. Peu d√©tudes analytiques ont √©t√© jusquici consacr√©es √† loeuvre et √† la pens√©e des po√®tes mystiques persans. Le soufisme classique et le soufisme

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

436

N d'ordre 2012-58 COLE CENTRALE DE LYON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ge/SrTiO3 Th√®se pr√©par√©e √† l'INL - √?cole Centrale de Lyon sous la direction de Guillaume Saint-Girons Charg√© de recherche, INL, Ecully Directeur de th√®se M. J. Penuelas Ma√ģtre de conf√©rence, ECL, Ecully Co Sirotti mais aussi Mario El-Kazzi. Merci √† tous mes coll√®gues de l'INL et en particulier toute l'√©quipe du

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

Synchronicity: Nature and Psyche in an Interconnected Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, calling it the ?biggest blunder? of his life. I will give a few details of the controversies in cosmology from 1922 through the 1950s (for a detailed study see Big Bang by Simon Singh, 2004), which would include the time frame for Jung?s formula- tions... In sketching out details as he understood them, Lema?tre gave the first scientific description ( 1??) Chapter 1 of what would become the Big Bang model in 1927 at the Solvay con- ference. According to Singh, Einstein informed him of Friedmann?s work while...

Cambray, Joseph

2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

438

contre sel et eau De nombreux deltas jalonnent les rivages de la Mditerrane.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plus importants, celui du Nil, du Rh√īne, du P√ī et de l'√?bre. Ils subissent naturellement des ph√©nom√®nes de crue (eau douce ou sal√©e) et d'ass√®chement sur des p√©riodes plus longues que dans les plaines artificiel Pour cultiver les sols, il a d'abord √©t√© n√©cessaire d'√©vacuer l'eau saum√Ętre de ces milieux

439

An analysis of attitudes of teachers in selected Texas public schools toward the Negro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ifferonces in social groups. perdiasnd Toonnies, sa early Qernsn analytical sociologist, said that sll social relations I Robia M. Willi~, dr. , kne icea gociet, Alfred k. Kaofp, Nsw Tork, lggg, p. 28S. are creations of hmaa will, of which there are two... OF SCIE?CE August 1966 Ma)or Sub)act: Sociology AM AMALYSIS OP ATTITUDES OF TEACHERS IE SELECTED TEIAS PURLXC SCMOOLS 'XCMARD TRE MECRO Jeanie Rossell Welsh Approved as to style end eoeteat by: Q?, Q / p. (Road of Doper t) er) (Mseber) (Moebor...

Walsh, Jennie Russell

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

The life cycles of Damalinia limbata (Gervais), order Mallophaga and Linognathus stenopsis (Burmeister), order Anoplura  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. '7 I Fr 8'!GE TAP-0 TO O: F. t. ". !0 ~ Ti!O 8 I ZCC OF 7 US I NQ rl. ' E 0 "f 0 AB 1 'rl" 0 I ZC &F 1 'F If& I 8 Ai EA 'll f TH I 'I T'll i!RA!10 Wf&r' NOT 0" t FORII ~ THE I NB I DE nl A IF'TER OF Tr!E Tr . I'!0 UAB D, E 8 '0 OltC EIGt&TH A 0 ONE...

White, Howard Wayne

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Five dimensional cosmological traversable wormhole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a traversable wormhole in the Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) model with one extra spacelike compact dimension is studied. We have chosen dynamical compactification as the evolution of the fifth dimension. In this respect, we study how the existence of the extra dimension, affect the behavior of the energy density, the shape function and the scale factor. It is shown that the total matter can be non-exotic and the violation of the weak energy condition can be avoided.

Najafi, S; Jalalzadeh, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Observations concerning the life cycle and biology of Myobia musculi (Schrank) and Myocoptes musculinus (Koch)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OHSRRVATTGRS CGRCERR1RC TRE I IPP. CYCLE ARU R'OLO(:Y OP MYOBIA RUSCIII. T (SC!!ge IK) Allg NYOCO"!'RS ?USCUI, IRUS (!IGCII) A Thcaiu Robert Nalco)m L. tachcr Submit ten to the Craouate College of Texas A 6 I' University in partial fulfillment... oi the requirement for the degree o PASTER OP SCLRRCR January (mo n t' h ) x'~n (y ar) Najor Subject Laboratory Anie!. i R clicine G?SL'm'ATtGNS CGNCLR11NC TU! 1ZRS CVCLR AND HTGLG;. y Gi YYCBTA ~tUSCIJl, J (SCHRANR) AN. ) 1'. ". YGCGPl'1...

Letscher, Robert Malcolm

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Tracking of the advance of the coagulation front in a laser irradiated tissue using ultrasound imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, perpendicular to the axis of rotation. T;"re signal bounced off jrcficcted from) the object, a piece of beef. This rcfiection ivas received by the transducer. The trarrsducer rvas operated on a B-Scan mode. Using this scanner the images v crc. obtained...?b('ca(is&. of he in!i&i'i'eiii, iioisc that ii as f)resent, iii th('. u!1 rasoiuid 'iiiage du(' to sl)(ck!e. Various cuive fitting pr&)(cdures like iaol&nomial curve. Gaiissian ciirve, e!liptical curve fitting etc. were examined. The data ivas analyzed hy thi...

Jagathesan, Shoban Srikrishna

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

A study of the distribution of fatty acids in the system: cottonseed oil-oleic acid-isopropanol-water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF THE DISTHIBUTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN THE SYSTEM: COTTONSEED OIL - OLEIC ACID - ISOFHOPANOL - WATER A Thesis By Frank E. Lamb January 1948 A STUDY QF TNE DISTRIBUTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN TRE SYSTEM: COTTONSEED OII, - OIEIC ACID - ISOPROPANOL...A STDDY OF THI' DISTBIRliTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN THE SYSTEM: COTTONSFED OIL - OLEIC ACID - ISOPBOPANOL - YlATEB A Thesis Frank E. Lomb January 1948 Approval as to style and content recommended: Head ' t Te epartm nt of hem cal Engineer ng A...

Lamb, Frank E

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C3, supplkment au n09, Tome 48, septembre 1987  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

law of s c a t t e r i n g function, t h e spinodal theory and the dynamic scaling law. Article n ~ ) / i ) range (0.06rqr6 nm-1) w i t h tRe pulsed c o l d neutron small anqle scatterinq u n c t i o n p t t h e high $ side iin o t o i i y proportional t o q-2, q-4 an! 4-6.but i t obeys

Boyer, Edmond

446

Strategies for Voltage Control and Transient Stability Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As wind generation grows, its influence on power system performance will becoming increasingly noticeable. Wind generation di#11;ffers from traditional forms of generation in numerous ways though, motivating the need to reconsider the usual approaches to power system assessment and performance enhancement. The project has investigated the impact of wind generation on transient stability and voltage control, identifying and addressing issues at three distinct levels of the power system: 1) at the device level, the physical characteristics of wind turbine generators (WTGs) are quite unlike those of synchronous machines, 2) at the wind-farm level, the provision of reactive support is achieved through coordination of numerous dissimilar devices, rather than straightforward generator control, and 3) from a systems perspective, the location of wind-farms on the sub-transmission network, coupled with the variability inherent in their power output, can cause complex voltage control issues. The project has sought to develop a thorough understanding of the dynamic behaviour of type-3 WTGs, and in particular the WECC generic model. The behaviour of such models is governed by interactions between the continuous dynamics of state variables and discrete events associated with limits. It was shown that these interactions can be quite complex, and may lead to switching deadlock that prevents continuation of the trajectory. Switching hysteresis was proposed for eliminating deadlock situations. Various type-3 WTG models include control blocks that duplicate integrators. It was shown that this leads to non-uniqueness in the conditions governing steady-state, and may result in pre- and post-disturbance equilibria not coinciding. It also gives rise to a zero eigenvalue in the linearized WTG model. In order to eliminate the anomalous behaviour revealed through this investigation, WECC has now released a new generic model for type-3 WTGs. Wind-farms typically incorporate a variety of voltage control equipment including tapchanging transformers, switched capacitors, SVCs, STATCOMs and the WTGs themselves. The project has considered the coordinated control of this equipment, and has addressed a range of issues that arise in wind-farm operation. The #12;first concerns the ability of WTGs to meet reactive power requirements when voltage saturation in the collector network restricts the reactive power availability of individual generators. Secondly, dynamic interactions between voltage regulating devices have been investigated. It was found that under certain realistic conditions, tap-changing transformers may exhibit instability. In order to meet cost, maintenance, fault tolerance and other requirements, it is desirable for voltage control equipment to be treated as an integrated system rather than as independent devices. The resulting high-level scheduling of wind-farm reactive support has been investigated. In addressing this control problem, several forms of future information were considered, including exact future knowledge and stochastic predictions. Deterministic and Stochastic Dynamic Programming techniques were used in the development of control algorithms. The results demonstrated that while exact future knowledge is very useful, simple prediction methods yield little bene#12;fit. The integration of inherently variable wind generation into weak grids, particularly subtransmission networks that are characterized by low X=R ratios, aff#11;ects bus voltages, regulating devices and line flows. The meshed structure of these networks adds to the complexity, especially when wind generation is distributed across multiple nodes. A range of techniques have been considered for analyzing the impact of wind variability on weak grids. Sensitivity analysis, based on the power-flow Jacobian, was used to highlight sections of a system that are most severely a#11;ffected by wind-power variations. A continuation power flow was used to determine parameter changes that reduce the impact of wind-power variability. It was also used to explore interactions betw

Hiskens, Ian A.

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

447

US DOE EECBG BBNP REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Wisconsin Energy Efficiency (WE2) Program delivered residential and commercial programming for the City of Milwaukee (Me2) and the City of Madison (Green Madison) as well as commercial only programming for the City of Racine (Re2). Direct incentives and loan products for homeowners and business owners were offered, with the goal to achieve at least 15 percent in energy savings. At the time of this report, there were more than 2,000 residential energy efficiency upgrades completed and more than 300 commercial energy efficiency upgrades completed. The average energy savings for the WE2 Programís portfolio of residential and commercial projects exceeds 15 percent and is closer to 30 percent energy savings. Combined energy savings of both residential and commercial activities were: 20,937,369 kWh; 1,018,907 Therms; and 31,655 gallons of heating oil; or at least 332,788 MMBTUs; or at least $3,444,828 in estimated energy costs saved. Conservative economic impact estimates include the employment of more than 100 residential auditors and contractors, more than 90 commercial contractors, and more than $41 million in total project costs expended in the targeted communities. WECC, along with the Partner Cities, attempted to create energy efficiency programming that helped to increase economic activity, increase workforce opportunities, and save energy in three of the largest communities in Wisconsin. Homeowners were assisted through the residential process by Energy Advocates, consultants, and contractors. Business owners were assisted through the commercial process by Program Advocates, contractors and trade allies. Contractors in both the residential and commercial programs were educated and trained by the many offerings provided by WECC. Together, all parties involved made the WE2 Program successful. The most prominent innovative approaches employed in the Me2 and Green Madison programs for residential retrofits were: use of a loan loss reserve approach to improve access to lower cost financing; a primary focus on ďcommunity-basedĒ marketing and outreach through local organizations to attract program participants; use of Energy Advocates to facilitate homeowner understanding during participation of the retrofit process; increase in financial incentives, especially to achieve higher project savings; and additional building science and sales training for participating contractors, as well as the use of a Community Workforce Agreement (CWA). The most prominent innovative approaches used in the commercial building retrofit programs for the Me2, Green Madison and Re2 programs were: development and use of innovative customer financing through loan-loss reserves for small commercial building retrofits; cash collateral advance account for larger projects which mitigated the financial risk of lenders; and the ultimate development of a Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) program in the City of Milwaukee. Other approaches included: increased customer financial incentives, especially for small commercial projects, in excess of the incentives available from the Focus on Energy program. Each Partner Cityís commercial program was built on existing Focus on Energy programming, which allowed the WE2 Program to leverage experience from Focus on Energy personnel to help promote participation, and encourage more extensive retrofits. Several legacy items will continue into the future, while there will be ongoing attempts to create a sustainable program. In the future, homeowners in Milwaukee and Madison will continue to have opportunities for incentives through the Focus on Energy program, as well as loan products being offered through Me2 and Green Madison. Similarly, business owners will continue to benefit from incentives through the Focus on Energy program, as well as loan products being offered through Me2 and Green Madison. Finally, the most recent development and implementation of C-PACE for large commercial building owners or business owners in Milwaukee may have substantial economic impacts. C-PACE may have simila

Driscoll, Brian; Conkey, Todd; Edgar, George; Fox, Lisa; Kahl, Shannon; Lightbourn, Steve; Moubry, Cindy; Nettleton, Greg; Plunkett, Mike; Smith, Paul; Thibert-Blank, Jackie; Wollin, Amanda

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Analysis of drought impacts on electricity production in the Western and Texas interconnections of the United States.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electricity generation relies heavily on water resources and their availability. To examine the interdependence of energy and water in the electricity context, the impacts of a severe drought to assess the risk posed by drought to electricity generation within the western and Texas interconnections has been examined. The historical drought patterns in the western United States were analyzed, and the risk posed by drought to electricity generation within the region was evaluated. The results of this effort will be used to develop scenarios for medium- and long-term transmission modeling and planning efforts by the Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) and the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). The study was performed in response to a request developed by the Western Governors Association in conjunction with the transmission modeling teams at the participating interconnections. It is part of a U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored, national laboratory-led research effort to develop tools related to the interdependency of energy and water as part of a larger interconnection-wide transmission planning project funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This study accomplished three main objectives. It provided a thorough literature review of recent studies of drought and the potential implications for electricity generation. It analyzed historical drought patterns in the western United States and used the results to develop three design drought scenarios. Finally, it quantified the risk to electricity generation for each of eight basins for each of the three drought scenarios and considered the implications for transmission planning. Literature on drought impacts on electricity generation describes a number of examples where hydroelectric generation capacity has been limited because of drought but only a few examples of impact on thermoelectric generation. In all documented cases, shortfalls of generation were met by purchasing power from the market, albeit at higher prices. However, sufficient excess generation and transmission must be available for this strategy to work. Although power purchase was the most commonly discussed drought mitigation strategy, a total of 12 response strategies were identified in the literature, falling into four main categories: electricity supply, electricity demand response, alternative water supplies, and water demand response. Three hydrological drought scenarios were developed based on a literature review and historical data analysis. The literature review helped to identify key drought parameters and data on drought frequency and severity. Historical hydrological drought data were analyzed for the western United States to identify potential drought correlations and estimate drought parameters. The first scenario was a West-wide drought occurring in 1977; it represented a severe drought in five of the eight basins in the study area. A second drought scenario was artificially defined by selecting the conditions from the 10th-percentile drought year for each individual basin; this drought was defined in this way to allow more consistent analysis of risk to electricity generation in each basin. The final scenario was based upon the current low-flow hydro modeling scenario defined by WECC, which uses conditions from the year 2001. These scenarios were then used to quantify the risk to electricity generation in each basin. The risk calculations represent a first-order estimate of the maximum amount of electricity generation that might be lost from both hydroelectric and thermoelectric sources under a worst-case scenario. Even with the conservative methodology used, the majority of basins showed a limited amount of risk under most scenarios. The level of risk in these basins is likely to be amenable to mitigation by known strategies, combined with existing reserve generation and transmission capacity. However, the risks to the Pacific Northwest and Texas Basins require further study. The Pacific Northwest is vulnerable because of its heavy reliance on hydroelectri

Harto, C. B.; Yan, Y. E.; Demissie, Y. K.; Elcock, D.; Tidwell, V. C.; Hallett, K.; Macknick, J.; Wigmosta, M. S.; Tesfa, T. K. (Environmental Science Division); (Sandia National Laboratory); (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

449

Benefit of Regional Energy Balancing Service on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection of the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in various wide-area balancing schemes to help integrate wind have generated significant interest. As we have shown in past work, large balancing areas not only help with wind integration, but can also increase the efficiency of operations in systems without wind. Recent work on the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) has found that combining balancing over the WestConnect footprint will increase the efficiency of commitment and dispatch at wind penetrations ranging from 10-20% of annual electricity demand, and will be essential for high penetrations and small balancing areas. In addition the Northwest Wind Integration Action Plan recommended balancing area cooperation as a method to help integrate the large potential wind development. In this paper we investigate the potential impact of a proposed Energy Imbalance Service on the ability of the non-market portions of Western Electricity Coordinating Councils (WECC) United States footprint to integrate wind energy. We will utilize data adapted from the WWSIS for the Western Interconnection. The analysis uses time-synchronized wind and load data to evaluate the potential for ramp requirement reduction that could be achieved with combined operation. Chronological analysis and ramp duration analysis quantify the benefit in terms of not only the ramp sizes, but the frequency of the potentially avoided ramps that must be managed by the non-wind generation fleet. Multiple approaches that can be used to achieve these benefits will also be suggested in the paper. We also suggest other approaches that can help achieve much of the benefit of full consolidation without requiring the physical consolidation of balancing areas.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.; Beuning, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Wide Area Security Region Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report develops innovative and efficient methodologies and practical procedures to determine the wide-area security region of a power system, which take into consideration all types of system constraints including thermal, voltage, voltage stability, transient and potentially oscillatory stability limits in the system. The approach expands the idea of transmission system nomograms to a multidimensional case, involving multiple system limits and parameters such as transmission path constraints, zonal generation or load, etc., considered concurrently. The security region boundary is represented using its piecewise approximation with the help of linear inequalities (so called hyperplanes) in a multi-dimensional space, consisting of system parameters that are critical for security analyses. The goal of this approximation is to find a minimum set of hyperplanes that describe the boundary with a given accuracy. Methodologies are also developed to use the security hyperplanes, pre-calculated offline, to determine system security margins in real-time system operations, to identify weak elements in the system, and to calculate key contributing factors and sensitivities to determine the best system controls in real time and to assist in developing remedial actions and transmission system enhancements offline . A prototype program that automates the simulation procedures used to build the set of security hyperplanes has also been developed. The program makes it convenient to update the set of security hyperplanes necessitated by changes in system configurations. A prototype operational tool that uses the security hyperplanes to assess security margins and to calculate optimal control directions in real time has been built to demonstrate the project success. Numerical simulations have been conducted using the full-size Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system model, and they clearly demonstrated the feasibility and the effectiveness of the developed technology. Recommendations for the future work have also been formulated.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai; Guo, Xinxin; Gronquist, James; Du, Pengwei; Nguyen, Tony B.; Burns, J. W.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Air Conditioner Compressor Performance Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past three years, the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Load Modeling Task Force (LMTF) has led the effort to develop the new modeling approach. As part of this effort, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Southern California Edison (SCE), and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Solutions tested 27 residential air-conditioning units to assess their response to delayed voltage recovery transients. After completing these tests, different modeling approaches were proposed, among them a performance modeling approach that proved to be one of the three favored for its simplicity and ability to recreate different SVR events satisfactorily. Funded by the California Energy Commission (CEC) under its load modeling project, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) led the follow-on task to analyze the motor testing data to derive the parameters needed to develop a performance models for the single-phase air-conditioning (SPAC) unit. To derive the performance model, PNNL researchers first used the motor voltage and frequency ramping test data to obtain the real (P) and reactive (Q) power versus voltage (V) and frequency (f) curves. Then, curve fitting was used to develop the P-V, Q-V, P-f, and Q-f relationships for motor running and stalling states. The resulting performance model ignores the dynamic response of the air-conditioning motor. Because the inertia of the air-conditioning motor is very small (H<0.05), the motor reaches from one steady state to another in a few cycles. So, the performance model is a fair representation of the motor behaviors in both running and stalling states.

Lu, Ning; Xie, YuLong; Huang, Zhenyu

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

452

SCENARIOS FOR MEETING CALIFORNIA'S 2050 CLIMATE GOALS California's Carbon Challenge Phase II Volume I: Non-Electricity Sectors and Overall Scenario Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study provides an updated analysis of long-term energy system scenarios for California consistent with the State meeting its 2050 climate goal, including detailed analysis and assessment of electricity system build-out, operation, and costs across the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) region. Four key elements are found to be critical for the State to achieve its 2050 goal of 80 percent greenhouse (GHG) reductions from the 1990 level: aggressive energy efficiency; clean electricity; widespread electrification of passenger vehicles, building heating, and industry heating; and large-scale production of low-carbon footprint biofuels to largely replace petroleum-based liquid fuels. The approach taken here is that technically achievable energy efficiency measures are assumed to be achieved by 2050 and aggregated with the other key elements mentioned above to estimate resultant emissions in 2050. The energy and non-energy sectors are each assumed to have the objective of meeting an 80 percent reduction from their respective 1990 GHG levels for the purposes of analysis. A different partitioning of energy and non-energy sector GHG greenhouse reductions is allowed if emission reductions in one sector are more economic or technically achievable than in the other. Similarly, within the energy or non-energy sectors, greater or less than 80 percent reduction from 1990 is allowed for sub-sectors within the energy or non-energy sectors as long as the overall target is achieved. Overall emissions for the key economy-wide scenarios are considered in this report. All scenarios are compliant or nearly compliant with the 2050 goal. This finding suggests that multiple technical pathways exist to achieve the target with aggressive policy support and continued technology development of largely existing technologies.

Wei, Max; Greenblatt, Jeffrey; Donovan, Sally; Nelson, James; Mileva, Ana; Johnston, Josiah; Kammen, Daniel

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electricity production--comprising all 16,891 electric- ity generators in the contiguous U.S.--in a multi-and-trade allowance allocation designs in a model of the U.S. economy where price-regulated electric utilities generate 30% of total CO2 emissions. Our empir- ical model embeds a generator-level description

454

208 BULLETIN OF TI-IE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISBION. RECOMXENDATIONS.-M~invedigations proved that the best place  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-grass. Through this marsh a narrow ditch has been cut to drain a contiguous cranberry bog. The ditch has of late comes principally from the cranberry bogs. A thick black mud lies on the bottom. As I passed the plank I

455

Assessment of seismic risk for subsea production systems in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waters in Contiguous United States (API 2000 a,b)..........................................................................................................42 3.2. Recorded Earthquakes in GOM Region and Bay of Campeche Region (Latitude Range 18į - 32... in Bay of Campeche Region (Latitude Range 18į to 20į and Longitude Range -98į to -90į ) (USGS 2003)........................................44 4.1. Dimensions and Weights of Modules (Goodfellow Associates 1990) .................... 53...

Brown, Laura Ann

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

030112.954 030112.391 091313.625 140521.416 140518.836 140518.912 040522.666 080105*500 130103*172  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, are characterized by containing a com- mon calcium-binding motif composed of a loop of 12 contiguous residues*172 Differential expression of the EF-hand calcium-binding protein calsensin in the central nervous system and developmental expression of the small EF-hand calcium- binding protein calsensin in the peripheral (PNS

Johansen, Jorgen

457

EnKF assimilation of high-resolution, mobile Doppler radar data of the 4 May 20071 Greensburg, Kansas supercell into a numerical cloud model2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and low-level vortex strength and20 longevity.21 22 #12;2 1. Introduction1 Radar is one of few atmospheric routinely collected9 across most of the contiguous United States. The two measured radar variables mostEnKF assimilation of high-resolution, mobile Doppler radar data of the 4 May 20071 Greensburg

Xue, Ming

458

Electrophoretic detection and separation of mutant DNA using replaceable polymer matrices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a method for resolving double-stranded DNA species differing by at least one base pair. Each of the species is characterized by an iso-melting domain with a unique melting temperature contiguous with a melting domain of higher thermal stability. 18 figs.

Karger, B.L.; Thilly, W.G.; Foret, F.; Khrapko, K.; Koehavong, P.; Cohen, A.S.; Giese, R.W.

1997-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

459

Title Gated Communities, Homogeneity and Social Distance in Las Vegas and Phoenix.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and age. The authors apply an index of local social distance, based on multivariate factor analysis spaces compared to the surrounding neighborhoods. The research contributes to a well established line significant level of dissimilarity between two contiguous census areas. Based on the analysis of discontinuity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Evaluating the Effects of Spatial Resolution on Hyperspectral Fire Detection and Temperature Retrieval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and background land cover. Previous work has used hyperspectral data acquired from airborne platforms, limiting (Ria√Īo et al., 2002). Hyperspectral sensors utilize a large number of contiguous bands, each, like all airborne sensors, faces issues of varying spatial resolutions and has limited spatial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

PELLET COUNT INDICES COMPARED TO MARKRECAPTURE ESTIMATES FOR EVALUATING SNOWSHOE HARE DENSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PELLET COUNT INDICES COMPARED TO MARK­RECAPTURE ESTIMATES FOR EVALUATING SNOWSHOE HARE DENSITY L in the contiguous United States. Efforts to evalu- ate hare densities using pellets have traditionally been based there was concordance between pellet-based predictions and mark­recapture density estimates of hares. We developed local

462

Master Thesis IMIT/LECS/ 2004 -22 A Study on Power Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction does not compensate this overhead, while the error protection mechanism has some overheads Network Master of Science Thesis In Electronic System Design by Arseni Vitkovski Stockholm, April 2004 of physical and architectural levels of system design. In the NoC, a chip consists of contiguous areas called

Jantsch, Axel

463

Neutron economic reactivity control system for light water reactors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron reactivity control system for a LWBR incorporating a stationary seed-blanket core arrangement. The core arrangement includes a plurality of contiguous hexagonal shaped regions. Each region has a central and a peripheral blanket area juxapositioned an annular seed area. The blanket areas contain thoria fuel rods while the annular seed area includes seed fuel rods and movable thoria shim control rods.

Luce, Robert G. (Glenville, NY); McCoy, Daniel F. (Latham, NY); Merriman, Floyd C. (Rotterdam, NY); Gregurech, Steve (Scotia, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The evolution of LOL, the secondary metabolite gene cluster for insecticidal loline alkaloids in fungal endophytes of grasses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................... 24 3 Determination of repetitive DNA content for the E. festucae BAC library ........................................................ 26 4 A set of contiguous BAC clones associated with the odc probe....... 29 5 Microsynteny... and sequencing............................................. 43 4 Species binomen and accession numbers for taxa in Cys/Met Metab PP gene family trees............................................... 66 5 Species binomen and accession numbers for taxa...

Kutil, Brandi Lynn

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Derivatized versions of ligase enzymes for constructing DNA sequences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of making very long, double-stranded synthetic poly-nucleotides. A multiplicity of short oligonucleotides is provided. The short oligonucleotides are sequentially hybridized to each other. Enzymatic ligation of the oligonucleotides provides a contiguous piece of PCR-ready DNA of predetermined sequence.

Mariella, Jr., Raymond P. (Danville, CA); Christian, Allen T. (Tracy, CA); Tucker, James D. (Novi, MN); Dzenitis, John M. (Livermore, CA); Papavasiliou, Alexandros P. (Oakland, CA)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Characterization of Pt/SiO2 Model Catalysts at UHV and Near Atmospheric Pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

catalyst samples, prepared under UHV conditions in a contiguous high pressure reactor cell surface analysis with measurements on a Pt(110) single crystal for direct com- parison. CO desorption measurements and STM measure, turnover frequency (TOF, product molecules produced/site/s) is a standard metric used for comparison

Goodman, Wayne

467

CO Oxidation on Rh/SiO2/Mo(112) Model Catalysts at Elevated Pressures Sean M. McClure, M. Lundwall, F. Yang, Z. Zhou, and D. W. Goodman*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) substrate under UHV conditions, in a contiguous high-pressure reactor cell-UHV surface analysis chamber. CO) and Rh coverage (Rh ) 0.25-10 ML), along with measurements on a Rh(111) single crystal for direct comparison. CO desorption measurements on the Rh/SiO2 films and STM measurements of Rh particles on ultrathin

Goodman, Wayne

468

Method of inhibiting dislocation generation in silicon dendritic webs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of tailoring the heat balance of the outer edge of the dendrites adjacent the meniscus to produce thinner, smoother dendrites, which have substantially less dislocation sources contiguous with the dendrites, by changing the view factor to reduce radiation cooling or by irradiating the dendrites with light from a quartz lamp or a laser to raise the temperature of the dendrites.

Spitznagel, John A. (Export, PA); Seidensticker, Raymond G. (Forest Hills, PA); McHugh, James P. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA)

1990-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

469

Researchers discover key to spurring methane conversion By Paula Hartman Cohen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of methane when exploring for oil. These natural gas pockets generally are contiguous to oil reserves, where- teria living just below the earth's surface can be coaxed to rapidly convert oil to methane gas in oil they can pose serious fire and explosion hazards for oil explorers. According to Lovley, specialized

Lovley, Derek

470

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It is being presented at the Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group Fall Technical Workshop on October 24, 2012.

Hand, M.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in a Power Systems Engineering Research Center webinar on September 4, 2012.

Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in an Union of Concerned Scientists webinar on June 12, 2012.

Hand, M.; Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in a webinar given by the California Energy Commission.

Hand, M. M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. This presentation was presented in a Wind Powering America webinar on August 15, 2012 and is now available through the Wind Powering America website.

Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Evaluation of non-cubic processor allocation in hybercubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as some actual applications loaded in non-contiguous cubic and random fashion on a 32 node subcube of a Ncube system. The communication time for these applications are measured under varying amount of system load and with varying message sizes. The effects...

Shah, Kuntal

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Causation, Regularities, and Time: Hume's Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that there is more to causation than regularity, contiguity, and time order. Hume claims to clarify the content of our "ideas" (mental contents) and of the relations among them, and he does not clearly demarcate that nonlogical terms have meaning only if one can tell by observation whether they apply to things

Fitelson, Branden

477

Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12.1 File-System Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Wiseman12.5 Linked Allocation Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12.1 File allocation Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12.2 Contiguous

Wiseman, Yair

478

Electrophoretic detection and separation of mutant DNA using replaceable polymer matrices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a method for resolving double-stranded DNA species differing by at least one base pair. Each of the species is characterized by an iso-melting domain with a unique melting temperature contiguous with a melting domain of higher thermal stability.

Karger, Barry L. (Newton, MA); Thilly, William G. (Winchester, MA); Foret, Frantisek (Malden, MA); Khrapko, Konstaintin (Brookline, MA); Koehavong, Phouthone (Pittsburgh, PA); Cohen, Aharon S. (Newton, MA); Giese, Roger W. (Quincy, MA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Mechanical properties of WC10Co cemented carbides sintered from nanocrystalline spray conversion processed powders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical properties of WC¬Ī10Co cemented carbides sintered from nanocrystalline spray conversion as the spray conversion process [2]. The WC particle sizes in powders fabricated by the spray conversion: microstructural parameters such as WC grain size, Co mean free path and WC/WC contiguity; chemical factors

Hong, Soon Hyung

480

This is the authors' version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use only. Not for redistribution. The definitive version is accepted for publication in the European Wireless 2014, Barcelona, Spain, May 2014.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Spain, May 2014. Distributed Spectrum Allocation for Autonomous Cognitive Radio Networks Anatolij Zubow usage of non-occupied spectrum licensed to Pri- mary Users (PU). With the Non-Contiguous OFDM of available spectrum. A promising solution to achieve this goal is the Cognitive Radio (CR) approach

Wichmann, Felix

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tre wecc contiguous" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Method of doping organic semiconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method includes the steps of forming a contiguous semiconducting region and heating the region. The semiconducting region includes polyaromatic molecules. The heating raises the semiconducting region to a temperature above room temperature. The heating is performed in the presence of a dopant gas and the absence of light to form a doped organic semiconducting region.

Kloc, Christian Leo (Constance, DE); Ramirez, Arthur Penn (Summit, NJ); So, Woo-Young (New Providence, NJ)

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

482

Tree-ring indicators of German summer drought over the last millennium Ulf Buntgen a,b,*, Valerie Trouet a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) data from the contiguous United States of America (Cook et al., 2004) allowed hydro-climatic blueprints of the hydrological cycle, charac- terized by mid-latitudinal precipitation increases and subtropical drought (Cook et al., 2007; Huntington, 2006). While the MCA was most likely attributed to increased solar irradiance

Esper, Jan

483

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST2004 3(3):531544 Clonal Differences in Phragmites australis from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST2004 3(3):531­544 Clonal Differences in Phragmites australis from delta of the Mississippi River, Phragmites australis occurs in large contiguous stands of predominantly of its economic importance and dominance in wetlands, the clonal plant Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin

Hood, Craig

484

A high efficiency even order frequency multiplier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

", ' flliuert of tRe requlremeucs t~r t, oe de Cree MASTER OF SClENCE 1BSB hIa?'or S~ 5?'ect: i, lac Lr' ce. . Ett:, ici ef t. ; A H ZH EI FZCZZ H(" ! VE'. , ' OHDEH FR= ~& "r, '. , '"Y I'. 'L. lr L!E A 'Zh. e el s -. 'AHDLD:EDGED HaHHZ~ A H&! oved as r o... that of the to; portion of a sine squared v&a"e. This r&on-linearity does not in any vay invalidate the desi-n, since a hi, hly oscilla- tory tank circuit, is placed iz. the plate ciz cuit so !hat cnly a sz!!alI amount of energy is supplied fr om the tube...

Harris, Harold Floyd

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

An assessment of derived flood frequency distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)exp(-), t -o)I'(v+1)u ? oS0. 4416tt &. 44I6I (6Q) . j -0. 44l6lexp(-1. 39Q47)3~80 4416)I %. 44161 j 0. 55839) j I ) Q Watershed Response Models A watershed response model allows the peak direct runoff ~ to be calculated for a given excess rainfall... the region of the i~, t plane where the peak discharge is less than or equal to that particular value of QD. In other words, it is the integration area for evaluating the CDF of QD. Ft2 (QD)= I-exp(-o)F(o+1)o o+ J [ f fi T (i, +dtJdi 0 0 ~ tre* + J[ J...

Raines, Timothy Howard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Can a void mimic the $\\Lambda$ in $\\Lambda$CDM?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the Lema\\^{i}tre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) models, whose early time evolution and bang time are homogeneous and the distance - redshift relation and local Hubble parameter are inherited from the $\\Lambda$CDM model. We show that the obtained LTB models and the $\\Lambda$CDM model predict different relative local expansion rates and that the Hubble functions of the models diverge increasingly with redshift. The LTB models show tension between baryon acoustic oscillation and supernova observations and including cosmic microwave background observations only accentuates the better fit of the $\\Lambda$CDM model compared to the LTB model. The result indicates that additional degrees of freedom are needed to explain the observations, for example by renouncing spherical symmetry, homogeneous bang time, or the early time homogeneity assumption.

Sundell, Peter; Vilja, Iiro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

House of Mirrored Faces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ce"ary * P*"?teCt mySe,f a9a1nst *?? onslaught of to m&JSSSl Tre'alVZan fiJlS'thS/T^STS 27*7 1n0rd1nate OTOUnt ?f t^"* y*.t deal of light on^/o^-ac^S^^^aJf^rvVnt '^o^-he^s^eclls* ISt^ -11- I can still feel her anger, simmering slowly now like a neglected... T'Pau and were promised in the ancient way. Or so it appeared. When he touched me, he did not touch my mind, and when I confided this to Amanda, she only smiled her secretive smile and said, "Wait; it will come. It was the same for me. You have...

Carraher, Lynda

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} mid year report, fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is a collaborative research and development program among the US Integrated Textile Complex (ITC), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the DOE national laboratories, other federal agencies and laboratories, and universities. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry, thereby preserving and creating US jobs. Three AMTEX projects funded in FY 1997 are Diamond Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA), Computer-Aided Fabric Evaluation (CAFE), and Textile Resource Conservation (TReC). The five sites involved in AMTEX work are Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) (the latter is funded through Y-12).

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

On the geometry of cosmological model building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article analyzes the present anomalies of cosmology from the point of view of integrable Weyl geometry. It uses P.A.M. Dirac's proposal for a weak extension of general relativity, with some small adaptations. Simple models with interesting geometrical and physical properties, not belonging to the Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre class, are studied in this frame. Those with positive spatial curvature (Einstein-Weyl universes) go well together with observed mass density $\\Omega_m$, CMB, supernovae Ia data, and quasar frequencies. They suggest a physical role for an equilibrium state of the Maxwell field proposed by I.E. Segal in the 1980s (Segal background) and for a time invariant balancing condition of vacuum energy density. The latter leads to a surprising agreement with the BF-theoretical calculation proposed by C. Castro (2002).

Erhard Scholz

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

490

The silicate absorption profile in the ISM towards the heavily obscured nucleus of NGC 4418  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 9.7-micron silicate absorption profile in the interstellar medium provides important information on the physical and chemical composition of interstellar dust grains. Measurements in the Milky Way have shown that the profile in the diffuse interstellar medium is very similar to the amorphous silicate profiles found in circumstellar dust shells around late M stars, and narrower than the silicate profile in denser star-forming regions. Here, we investigate the silicate absorption profile towards the very heavily obscured nucleus of NGC 4418, the galaxy with the deepest known silicate absorption feature, and compare it to the profiles seen in the Milky Way. Comparison between the 8-13 micron spectrum obtained with TReCS on Gemini and the larger aperture spectrum obtained from the Spitzer archive indicates that the former isolates the nuclear emission, while Spitzer detects low surface brightness circumnuclear diffuse emission in addition. The silicate absorption profile towards the nucleus is very similar to...

Roche, P F; Gonzalez-Martin, O

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Regmi Research Series ,Year 6, December 1, 1974  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

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Regmi, Mahesh C

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration -- Phase 2 Findings from the Summer of 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Demand Response Spinning Reserve project is a pioneering demonstration showing that existing utility load-management assets can provide an important electricity system reliability resource known as spinning reserve. Using aggregated demand-side resources to provide spinning reserve as demonstrated in this project will give grid operators at the California Independent System Operator (CA ISO) and Southern California Edison (SCE) a powerful new tool to improve reliability, prevent rolling blackouts, and lower grid operating costs.In the first phase of this demonstration project, we target marketed SCE?s air-conditioning (AC) load-cycling program, called the Summer Discount Plan (SDP), to customers on a single SCE distribution feederand developed an external website with real-time telemetry for the aggregated loads on this feeder and conducted a large number of short-duration curtailments of participating customers? air-conditioning units to simulate provision of spinning reserve. In this second phase of the demonstration project, we explored four major elements that would be critical for this demonstration to make the transition to a commercial activity:1. We conducted load curtailments within four geographically distinct feeders to determine the transferability of target marketing approaches and better understand the performance of SCE?s load management dispatch system as well as variations in the AC use of SCE?s participating customers;2. We deployed specialized, near-real-time AC monitoring devices to improve our understanding of the aggregated load curtailments we observe on the feeders;3. We integrated information provided by the AC monitoring devices with information from SCE?s load management dispatch system to measure the time required for each step in the curtailment process; and4. We established connectivity with the CA ISO to explore the steps involved in responding to CA ISO-initiated requests for dispatch of spinning reserve.The major findings from the second phase of this demonstration are:1. Demand-response resources can provide full response significantly faster than required by NERC and WECC reliability rules.2. The aggregate impact of demand response from many small, individual sources can be estimated with varying degrees of reliability through analysis of distribution feeder loads.3. Monitoring individual AC units helps to evaluate the efficacy of the SCE load management dispatch system and better understand AC energy use by participating customers.4. Monitoring individual AC units provides an independent data source to corroborate the estimates of the magnitude of aggregate load curtailments and gives insight into results from estimation methods that rely solely on distribution feeder data.

Eto, Joseph H.; Nelson-Hoffman, Janine; Parker, Eric; Bernier, Clark; Young, Paul; Sheehan, Dave; Kueck, John; Kirby, Brendan

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

Cone-beam Computed Tomography-guided Stereotactic Liver Punctures: A Phantom Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Images from computed tomography (CT), combined with navigation systems, improve the outcomes of local thermal therapies that are dependent on accurate probe placement. Although the usage of CT is desired, its availability for time-consuming radiological interventions is limited. Alternatively, three-dimensional images from C-arm cone-beam CT (CBCT) can be used. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of navigated CBCT-guided needle punctures, controlled with CT scans. Methods: Five series of five navigated punctures were performed on a nonrigid phantom using a liver specific navigation system and CBCT volumetric dataset for planning and navigation. To mimic targets, five titanium screws were fixed to the phantom. Target positioning accuracy (TPE{sub CBCT}) was computed from control CT scans and divided into lateral and longitudinal components. Additionally, CBCT-CT guidance accuracy was deducted by performing CBCT-to-CT image coregistration and measuring TPE{sub CBCT-CT} from fused datasets. Image coregistration was evaluated using fiducial registration error (FRE{sub CBCT-CT}) and target registration error (TRE{sub CBCT-CT}). Results: Positioning accuracies in lateral directions pertaining to CBCT (TPE{sub CBCT} = 2.1 {+-} 1.0 mm) were found to be better to those achieved from previous study using CT (TPE{sub CT} = 2.3 {+-} 1.3 mm). Image coregistration error was 0.3 {+-} 0.1 mm, resulting in an average TRE of 2.1 {+-} 0.7 mm (N = 5 targets) and average Euclidean TPE{sub CBCT-CT} of 3.1 {+-} 1.3 mm. Conclusions: Stereotactic needle punctures might be planned and performed on volumetric CBCT images and controlled with multidetector CT with positioning accuracy higher or similar to those performed using CT scanners.

Toporek, Grzegorz, E-mail: grzegorz.toporek@artorg.unibe.ch; Wallach, Daphne, E-mail: daphne.wallach@artorg.unibe.ch; Weber, Stefan [ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern (Switzerland)] [ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern (Switzerland); Bale, Reto; Widmann, Gerlig [Innsbruck Medical University, Section of Microinvasive Therapy, Department of Radiology (Austria)] [Innsbruck Medical University, Section of Microinvasive Therapy, Department of Radiology (Austria)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Thyroid hormone receptor inhibits hepatoma cell migration through transcriptional activation of Dickkopf 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ēT{sub 3} affects DKK4 mRNA and protein expression in HepG2-TR cells. ēRegulation of DKK4 by T{sub 3} is at transcriptional level. ēDKK4 overexpression suppresses hepatoma cell metastasis. -- Abstract: Triiodothyronine (T{sub 3}) is a potent form of thyroid hormone mediates several physiological processes including cellular growth, development, and differentiation via binding to the nuclear thyroid hormone receptor (TR). Recent studies have demonstrated critical roles of T{sub 3}/TR in tumor progression. Moreover, long-term hypothyroidism appears to be associated with the incidence of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), independent of other major HCC risk factors. Dickkopf (DKK) 4, a secreted protein that antagonizes the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, is induced by T{sub 3} at both mRNA and protein levels in HCC cell lines. However, the mechanism underlying T{sub 3}-mediated regulation of DKK4 remains unknown. In the present study, the 5? promoter region of DKK4 was serially deleted, and the reporter assay performed to localize the T{sub 3} response element (TRE). Consequently, we identified an atypical direct repeat TRE between nucleotides ?1645 and ?1629 conferring T{sub 3} responsiveness to the DKK4 gene. This region was further validated using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Stable DKK4 overexpression in SK-Hep-1 cells suppressed cell invasion and metastatic potential, both in vivo andin vitro, via reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression. Our findings collectively suggest that DKK4 upregulated by T{sub 3}/TR antagonizes the Wnt signal pathway to suppress tumor cell progression, thus providing new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying thyroid hormone activity in HCC.

Chi, Hsiang-Cheng; Liao, Chen-Hsin [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Huang, Ya-Hui [Medical Research Central, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Medical Research Central, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Wu, Sheng-Ming; Tsai, Chung-Ying; Liao, Chia-Jung; Tseng, Yi-Hsin; Lin, Yang-Hsiang; Chen, Cheng-Yi; Chung, I-Hsiao; Wu, Tzu-I [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Chen, Wei-Jan [First Cardiovascular Division, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [First Cardiovascular Division, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Lin, Kwang-Huei, E-mail: khlin@mail.cgu.edu.tw [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

495

Gas-tungsten arc welding of aluminum alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas-tungsten arc welding method for joining together structures formed of aluminum alloy with these structures disposed contiguously to a heat-damagable substrate of a metal dissimilar to the aluminum alloy. The method of the present invention is practiced by diamond machining the fay surfaces of the aluminum alloy structures to provide a mirror finish thereon having a surface roughness in the order of about one microinch. The fay surfaces are aligned and heated sufficiently by the tungsten electrode to fuse the aluminum alloy contiguous to the fay surfaces to effect the weld joint. The heat input used to provide an oxide-free weld is significantly less than that required if the fay surfaces were prepared by using conventional chemical and mechanical practices.

Frye, Lowell D. (Kingston, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Castable plastic mold with electroplatable base  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sacrificial plastic mold having an electroplatable backing is provided as are methods of making such a mold via the infusion of a castable liquid formulation through a porous metal substrate (sheet, screen, mesh or foam) and into the features of a micro-scale master mold. Upon casting and demolding, the porous metal substrate is embedded within the cast formulation and projects a plastic structure with features determined by the mold tool. The plastic structure provides a sacrificial plastic mold mechanically bonded to the porous metal substrate, which provides a conducting support suitable for electroplating either contiguous or non-contiguous metal replicates. After electroplating and lapping, the sacrificial plastic can be dissolved, leaving the desired metal structure bonded to the porous metal substrate. Optionally, the electroplated structures may be debonded from the porous substrate by selective dissolution of the porous substrate or a coating thereon.

Domeier, Linda A.; Morales, Alfredo M.; Gonzales, Marcela G.; Keifer, Patrick M.

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

497

Sacrificial plastic mold with electroplatable base  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sacrificial plastic mold having an electroplatable backing is provided. One embodiment consists of the infusion of a softened or molten thermoplastic through a porous metal substrate (sheet, screen, mesh or foam) and into the features of a micro-scale molding tool contacting the porous metal substrate. Upon demolding, the porous metal substrate will be embedded within the thermoplastic and will project a plastic structure with features determined by the mold tool. This plastic structure, in turn, provides a sacrificial plastic mold mechanically bonded to the porous metal substrate which provides a conducting support suitable for electroplating either contiguous or non-contiguous metal replicates. After electroplating and lapping, the sacrificial plastic can be dissolved to leave the desired metal structure bonded to the porous metal substrate. Optionally, the electroplated structures may be debonded from the porous substrate by selective dissolution of the porous substrate or a coating thereon.

Domeier, Linda A. (Danville, CA); Hruby, Jill M. (Livermore, CA); Morales, Alfredo M. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Sacrificial Plastic Mold With Electroplatable Base  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sacrificial plastic mold having an electroplatable backing is provided. One embodiment consists of the infusion of a softened or molten thermoplastic through a porous metal substrate (sheet, screen, mesh or foam) and into the features of a micro-scale molding tool contacting the porous metal substrate. Upon demolding, the porous metal substrate will be embedded within the thermoplastic and will project a plastic structure with features determined by the mold tool. This plastic structure, in turn, provides a sacrificial plastic mold mechanically bonded to the porous metal substrate which provides a conducting support suitable for electroplating either contiguous or non-contiguous metal replicates. After electroplating and lapping, the sacrificial plastic can be dissolved to leave the desired metal structure bonded to the porous metal substrate. Optionally, the electroplated structures may be debonded from the porous substrate by selective dissolution of the porous substrate or a coating thereon.

Domeier, Linda A. (Danville, CA); Hruby, Jill M. (Livermore, CA); Morales, Alfredo M. (Livermore, CA)

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

499

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module.

Prueitt, Melvin L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module. 4 figures.

Prueitt, M.L.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z