Sample records for tre nerc ercot

  1. ERCOT Demand Response Paul Wattles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    changes or incentives.' (FERC) · `Changes in electric use by demand-side resources from their normalERCOT Demand Response Paul Wattles Senior Analyst, Market Design & Development, ERCOT Whitacre thermostats -- Other DLC Possible triggers: Real-time prices, congestion management, 4CP response paid

  2. Property:EIA/861/NercErcot | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle JumpIsoNy

  3. ERCOT's Weather Sensitive Demand Response Pilot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ERCOT’s Weather Sensitive Demand Response Pilot CATEE 12-17-13 ESL-KT-13-12-21 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Disclaimer The information contained in this report has been obtained from... services along with other information about our business is available online at constellation.com. ESL-KT-13-12-21 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Demand Response in ERCOT CATEE 121313 - Tim Carter...

  4. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of...

  5. Analysis of Wind Power Ramping Behavior in ERCOT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Y. H.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report analyzes the wind power ramping behavior using 10-minute and hourly average wind power data from ERCOT and presents statistical properties of the large ramp events.

  6. ERCOT Wind Scraper | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2 Submit SoftwareEPB JumpEQUUS TotalERCOT

  7. ERCOT's Dynamic Model of Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Conto, J.; Donoho, K.

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By the end of 2003, the total installed wind farm capacity in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) system was approximately 1 gigawatt (GW) and the total in the United States was about 5 GW. As the number of wind turbines installed throughout the United States increases, there is a greater need for dynamic wind turbine generator models that can properly model entire power systems for different types of analysis. This paper describes the ERCOT dynamic models and simulations of a simple network with different types of wind turbine models currently available.

  8. Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

  9. USING NERC SCIENCE Welcome to the latest edition of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul

    /events/090424/. The application deadline is 15 April 2009. UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) One day event investigation of energy in the UK. NERC is a part funder of UKERC. For more information and to register, go to, atmospheric sciences, geo- and palaeochemistry, marine biogeochemistry, geophysics, ecology, solar

  10. Who we are NERC the Natural Environment Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    of research on your business NERC research enables safe and efficient access to the natural resources on which with business Improving competitiveness NERC climate science helps improve the catastrophe modelling all businesses depend. Our modelling of environmental hazards helps industry mitigate and adapt

  11. An Assessment of the Technical Feasibility of Cogenerator Participation in the ERCOT Broker and Economy Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bracheen, L.

    Utilities in Texas have several methods to exchange economy and emergency power under rules established by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). The power exchanges permit utilities with temporary surplus energy to supply power...

  12. Tre Easton | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z Site Map OrganizationFAQ » TravelingTre

  13. Property:EIA/861/NercFrcc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle JumpIsoNyNercFrcc

  14. Property:EIA/861/NercRfc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicleNercRfc Jump to:

  15. Property:EIA/861/NercSpp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicleNercRfc Jump

  16. Property:EIA/861/NercLocation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to: navigation,AltFuelVehicle2 Jump to:NercLocation

  17. Property:EIA/861/NercSerc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to: navigation,AltFuelVehicle2 JumpNercSerc Jump

  18. Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to: navigation,AltFuelVehicle2 JumpNercSerc

  19. Techno-economic Modeling of the Integration of 20% Wind and Large-scale Energy Storage in ERCOT by 2030

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross Baldick; Michael Webber; Carey King; Jared Garrison; Stuart Cohen; Duehee Lee

    2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This study�¢����s objective is to examine interrelated technical and economic avenues for the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) grid to incorporate up to and over 20% wind generation by 2030. Our specific interests are to look at the factors that will affect the implementation of both high level of wind power penetration (> 20% generation) and installation of large scale storage.

  20. A Methodology for Calculating Emissions Reductions from Renewable Energy Programs and its Application to the Wind Farms in the Texas ERCOT Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Subbarao, K.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -weather normalization procedure. The uncertainty analysis showed that the daily regression models are sufficiently reliable to allow for their use in projecting wind production into other weather base years. Energy Systems Laboratory 23 SUMMARYEMISSIONS REDUCTION...1 Energy Systems Laboratory 1 A METHODOLOGY FOR CALCULATING EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE WIND FARMS IN THE TEXAS ERCOT REGION Zi Liu, Jeff Haberl, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Kris Subbarao, Charles...

  1. NERC 101

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of FossilFoot) Year JanCubicXIV.Mr.NEMS

  2. A Methodology for Calculating Emissions Reductions from Renewable Energy Programs and its Application to the Wind Farms in the Texas ERCOT Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Subbarao, K.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    Farms in Texas Wind Projects Completed: ERCOT Region ? 2903 MW 1 Culberson, 35 MW, Texas Wind Power, 01/1995 2 Howard, 34 MW, Big Spring Wind Power, 02/1999 3 Howard, 6.6 MW, Big Spring Wind Power, 07/1999 4 Upton, 75 MW, Southwest Mesa Wind, 06/1999... 5 Culberson, 30 MW, Delaware Mountain , 06/1999 6 Pecos, 82.5 MW, Indian Mesa I, 06/2001 7 Pecos, 160 MW, Woodward Mountain, 07/2001 8 Nolan, 150 MW, Trent Mesa, 11/2001 9 Pecos, 160 MW, Desert Sky (Indian Mesa II), 12/2001 10 Upton, 278...

  3. www.planetearth.nerc.ac.uk Autumn 2014 Trout in hot water Biodiversity and big data Bioenergy's carbon footprint Sustainable drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    's carbon footprint · Sustainable drainage Intothe #12;Front cover image courtesy Ben Langford About us NERC to account ­ bioenergy's carbon footprint What's the true cost of growing our fuel? 22 The science

  4. Applicability of the “Gallet equation” to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkham, Harold

    2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    NERC has proposed a standard to use to specify clearances between vegetation and power lines. The purpose of the rule is to reduce the probability of flashover to a calculably low level. This report was commissioned by FERC’s Office of Electrical Reliability. The scope of the study was analysis of the mathematics and documentation of the technical justification behind the application of the Gallet equation and the assumptions used in the technical reference paper

  5. Reactive power interconnection requirements for PV and wind plants : recommendations to NERC.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDowell, Jason (General Electric, Schenectady, NY); Walling, Reigh (General Electric, Schenectady, NY); Peter, William (SunPower, Richmond, CA); Von Engeln, Edi (NV Energy, Reno, NV); Seymour, Eric (AEI, Fort Collins, CO); Nelson, Robert (Siemens Wind Turbines, Orlando, FL); Casey, Leo (Satcon, Boston, MA); Ellis, Abraham; Barker, Chris. (SunPower, Richmond, CA)

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Voltage on the North American bulk system is normally regulated by synchronous generators, which typically are provided with voltage schedules by transmission system operators. In the past, variable generation plants were considered very small relative to conventional generating units, and were characteristically either induction generator (wind) or line-commutated inverters (photovoltaic) that have no inherent voltage regulation capability. However, the growing level of penetration of non-traditional renewable generation - especially wind and solar - has led to the need for renewable generation to contribute more significantly to power system voltage control and reactive power capacity. Modern wind-turbine generators, and increasingly PV inverters as well, have considerable dynamic reactive power capability, which can be further enhanced with other reactive support equipment at the plant level to meet interconnection requirements. This report contains a set of recommendations to the North-America Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) as part of Task 1-3 (interconnection requirements) of the Integration of Variable Generation Task Force (IVGTF) work plan. The report discusses reactive capability of different generator technologies, reviews existing reactive power standards, and provides specific recommendations to improve existing interconnection standards.

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - NERC Reliability Standards and Mandatory Compliance Presentation to Hydro-Power Conference - June 2007.p

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand RetrievalsFinalModule8.pptStates A ComparisonMorgantown SiteNERC

  7. BAKERBOTTS.-.*

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ERCOT, which is the independent system operator for 90%o of Texas's electric load (an installed capacity of over 70,000 megawatts) and the NERC-approved Reliability...

  8. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cycle Water Consumption for WECC NERC Region ElectricityCycle Water Withdrawals for WECC NERC Region ElectricityTRE TS&D USDA USGS VC W WECC WSI International Organization

  9. NERC SERVICES ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    ) to manage. Research Ships, the aircraft facility (FAAM), and High Performance Computing are accountable

  10. MODEL OF PLASMA CURRENT IN TRE TOKAPOLE S.C. Prager, J.C. Sprott, T.R. Osborne and K. Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    MODEL OF PLASMA CURRENT IN TRE TOKAPOLE by S.C. Prager, J.C. Sprott, T.R. Osborne and K. Miller August 1978 Plasma Studies PLP 756 University of Wisconsin These PLP reports are preliminary and informal transmitted without consent of the authors. #12;-1- The magnitude of the toroidal plasma current

  11. Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    & Publications Recommended Practices Guide For Securing ZigBee Wireless Networks in Process Control System Environments Securing WLANs using 802.11i DOEOE National SCADA...

  12. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEnginesVacantmagneticDepartment of

  13. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter NewsletterGeneralof Energy

  14. Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S.Department of EnergyToday,January 2007

  15. Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric VehicleCenters | Department ofoftoMay 8,EnergyWinning2

  16. ERCOT Event on February 26, 2008: Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ela, E.; Kirby, B.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The event analyzed in this paper is of special interest, and was widely reported on in the press, because wind generation played a partial role in the event.

  17. ERCOT Nodal Protocols Section 2: Definitions and Acronyms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Exemption). Adjusted Static Models Load Profiles that are generated from statistical models that are based Metered Load (AML) Retail Load usage data that has been adjusted for Unaccounted for Energy (UFE on static historical Load data, and adjusted for conditions of the day (e.g., weather, Season, etc

  18. Property:EIA/861/IsoErcot | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle Jump to:IsoCa

  19. Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| Open JumpEcologyElInformationofElectricite

  20. Prepared Statement for Mr. Michael P. Mertz Director, NERC Regulatory...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cyber security training, with many receiving role based training such as the Control Systems Security training programs offered through the Department of Energy National SCADA...

  1. NERC Presentation: Accommodating High Levels of Variable Generation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of variable electricity eneration. Variable resources are types of electric power generation that rely on an uncontrolled, "variable" fuel (e.g. wind, sunlight, waves, tidal...

  2. Transmission Vegetation Management NERC Standard FAC-003-2 Technical...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    background to the requirements of the Standard. The intentions of the Standard Drafting Team in developing many key areas of this Revision are also explained in this document. The...

  3. NERC Peer Review College Members January 2014 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Allessandro Battaglia University of Leicester http://www2.meteo.uni-bonn.de/mitarbeiter/battaglia/ Mr Martin

  4. Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesville EnergyDepartment. CashDay-June 22, 2015

  5. Property:EIA/861/NercNpcc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle

  6. Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave the WhiteNational Broadband Plan byCommentsComments ofSmart Grid

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - SWL NERC status june 2009.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand RetrievalsFinalModule8.pptStatesEnergyAnStateProjectsof09

  8. Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to: navigation,AltFuelVehicle2 Jump

  9. Sandia Energy - North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementing Nonlinear757Kelley RuehlReport Posted North American Electric

  10. NERC Presentation: Accommodating High Levels of Variable Generation,

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked QuestionsDepartment of Energy 3ServicesNEET FY 12a-12Environmental Policy

  11. Transmission Vegetation Management NERC Standard FAC-003-2 Technical

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, Indiana (Utility Company) JumpTradeWindPrepared as Information

  12. NERC IVGTF Task 1-3 Section 3-1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTIONES2008-54174MoreMuseum|NEESReading Room |98

  13. PlanetEarthWinter2002--www.nerc.ac.uk PlanetEarthWinter2002--www.nerc.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

    to carry out visual surveys, pipeline construction and general maintenance. In the seas to the west work class ROVs designed and operated by Subsea 7, called Centurion 21 and 30. There are also two

  14. NERC Environmental Travel Policy 1. NERC recognises that, although travel is an essential part of our business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    be justified. Sharing a car with fellow travellers is also important as is selecting the most appropriate hire vehicle. · Private car ­ only when hire car option is not viable and share whenever possible · Air, rail and public transport ­ the preferred choice for essential medium to long journeys; · Hire car

  15. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cb2 SCE - ISM - I SCE - IR ERCOT - TOS - 4 ERCOT - P4 SCE-LA/Kern SPP - EHV ERCOT - TOS - 3 RMATS - 2 SCE - ISM - EDM2020H Tehachapi ERCOT - TOS - 2 EPTP - 1 SPP - OK - 2020N

  16. Estimation of Annual Reductions of NOx Emissions in ERCOT for the HB3693 Electricity Savings Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diem, Art; Mulholland, Denise; Yarbrough, James; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Im, Piljae; Haberl, Jeff

    .7029 15.1974 Bosque 0.002149 2064.419 0.013185 8986.465 0.000637 68.252 0.000135 20.210 11139.3454 5.5697 Brazoria 0.052595 50518.480 0.001053 717.602 0.000051 5.450 0.000068 10.223 51251.7555 25.6259 Brazos 0.002346 2252.898 0.010872 7409.883 0.000525 56... lla s De n t o n Ta rr an t Ellis Jo h n s o n Tra v is Ba s t r o p Ha ys Be x a r G u ad al up e At a s c o s a B o sque Br a z o s Ca m e ro n Ch er o k e e Ec t o r Fa y e t t e F r ees t o n e G o lia d Hen d e r s o n Hi da l g o Hoo d Ho wa r d...

  17. How Good are Supply Function Equilibrium Models: An Empirical Analysis of the ERCOT Balancing Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sioshansi, Ramteen; Oren, Shmuel S

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Guadalupe Power Partners Lamar Power Partners BrazosBastrop Energy Partners Lamar Power Partners Gregory PowerBrownsville Public Utility Board Lamar Power Partners Sweeny

  18. How good are supply function equilibrium models: an empirical analysis of the ERCOT balancing market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sioshansi, Ramteen; Oren, Shmuel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Guadalupe Power Partners Lamar Power Partners BrazosBastrop Energy Partners Lamar Power Partners Gregory PowerBrownsville Public Utility Board Lamar Power Partners Sweeny

  19. Review of the Recent Frequency Performance of the Eastern, Western and ERCOT Interconnections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacommare, Kristina S H

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    used 1-minute averages of SCADA frequency and ACE for 2002changed abruptly. When SCADA 1-minute averages of frequency

  20. Estimation of Annual Reductions of NOx Emissions in ERCOT for the HB3693 Electricity Savings Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diem, Art; Mulholland, Denise; Yarbrough, James; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Im, Piljae; Haberl, Jeff

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    avoided emission rate is approximately 0.51 pounds (lb) of NOx reduced per MWh of electricity savings. While House Bill 3693 is an Act related to energy and does not target emissions levels, the energy efficiency improvements would achieve air pollution...

  1. How good are supply function equilibrium models: an empirical analysis of the ERCOT balancing market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sioshansi, Ramteen; Oren, Shmuel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost for each plant based on its generating technology. Inmarginal generating cost of a fossil-fuel driven plant canplants in its generation portfolio are dispatched in economic merit order. Thus, a ?rm that is generating

  2. Stuart Michael Cohen The Implications of Flexible CO2 Capture on the ERCOT Electric Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochelle, Gary T.

    , and coal burning for electricity generation is responsible for 60% of America's power sector CO2 emissions Abstract The Implications of Flexible CO2 Capture on the Electric Grid by Stuart Michael Cohen, MSE- and grid-level implications of operating CO2 capture flexibly in response to electricity market conditions

  3. Economic Evaluation of Short-Term Wind Power Forecasts in ERCOT: Preliminary Results; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orwig, K.; Hodge, B. M.; Brinkman, G.; Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Banunarayanan, V.; Nasir, S.; Freedman, J.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historically, a number of wind energy integration studies have investigated the value of using day-ahead wind power forecasts for grid operational decisions. These studies have shown that there could be large cost savings gained by grid operators implementing the forecasts in their system operations. To date, none of these studies have investigated the value of shorter-term (0 to 6-hour-ahead) wind power forecasts. In 2010, the Department of Energy and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration partnered to fund improvements in short-term wind forecasts and to determine the economic value of these improvements to grid operators, hereafter referred to as the Wind Forecasting Improvement Project (WFIP). In this work, we discuss the preliminary results of the economic benefit analysis portion of the WFIP for the Electric Reliability Council of Texas. The improvements seen in the wind forecasts are examined, then the economic results of a production cost model simulation are analyzed.

  4. Etrejeun?/9-m 1-I tre jeune en Palestine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , bloqués par une jeep de soldats israéliens.Leurs cartesd'identité sont saisies,ils attendent sous le soldats: «Tu veux tirer, tire, mais moi je vais passer mes examens» et il leur tourne le dos pour entrer

  5. aquifer texas usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OF BULK POWER ERCOT (Texas) Physics Websites Summary: INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MARKETS ERCOT (Texas) November 1, 2000 The analyses and conclusions . . . . . . . . ....

  6. CALCULATING EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE WIND FARMS IN THE TEXAS ERCOT REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Chandrasekaran, V.

    In August 2008 the Texas State Legislature required adding 5,880 MW of generating capacity from renewable energy technologies by 2015, and 500 MW from non-wind renewables. This legislation also required the Public Utility Commission (PUC...

  7. CALCULATING EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE WIND FARMS IN THE TEXAS ERCOT REGION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Chandrasekaran, V.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In August 2008 the Texas State Legislature required adding 5,880 MW of generating capacity from renewable energy technologies by 2015, and 500 MW from non-wind renewables. This legislation also required the Public Utility Commission (PUC...

  8. EA-1750: Smart Grid, Center for Commercialization of Electric Technology, Technology Solutions for Wind Integration in ERCOT, Houston, Texas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of providing a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to the Center for Commercialization of Electric Technology to facilitate the development and demonstration of a multi-faceted, synergistic approach to managing fluctuations in wind power within the Electric Reliability Council of Texas transmission grid.

  9. Toward a Cyber-Physical Topology Language: Applications to NERC CIP Audit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, William H.

    . For example, the NISTIR Guidelines for Smart-Grid Cyber Security state that "increasing the complexity

  10. The Report of the 2005 Review of the NERC Directed Programme RAPID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    of the full array of standard project management tools, such as a formal work breakdown structure Officer (i.e. Chief Executive) and for Council that the science or service is managed well. This review the Principal Investigators and Swindon Office staff. 8. The team recommends that the RAPID Science Coordinators

  11. NERC Research Experience Placement Scheme Summer 2012 Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    to the natural environment where it is a potential tracer of this leakage. Uranium is relative mobile; exploration of other sample types (soils etc.); and/or calculation of the production rates of other rare

  12. Table of Contents Page 1 NERC 2007 Long-Term Reliability Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..........................................................................................................................................................................35 WECC

  13. PlanetEarthAutumn2005--www.nerc.ac.uk limate change and global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    traditional energy sources within the next few years. But if carbon dioxide can be separated off from power greenhouse gas emissions to 12.5% below 1990 levels by the year 2012. In the UK alone, carbon dioxide. Capturing and storing carbon dioxide is called sequestration. Carbon dioxide could be sequestered

  14. VACANCY NOTICE JRU 147/09 Research Council NERC Band 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that contributes to the development and validation of Earth-system models. The Facility supports a wide range

  15. Microsoft PowerPoint - SS2_8H_NERC_SANS_Final.ppt

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Set-Top BoxSS-2 SANS SCADA Summit September

  16. "Interconnection","NERC Regional Assesment Area"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data from03.4

  17. "Interconnection","NERC Regional Assesment Area","Summer"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data from03.4B Winter net2.

  18. "January","NERC Regional Assesment Area"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data from03.4B Winter net2.A.1.

  19. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO) PJM Interconnection, key players in the outage, the Task Force found multiple violations of NERC’s voluntary reliability

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - SS1_4H_NERC_Training_09_28_06.ppt

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Capability 7 SANS SCADA Security Summit II September 28, 29, 2006 Control Systems Multiple Vendor participation Fully functional SCADAEMS systems Fully functional DCS...

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - SS1_4H_NERC_Training_09_28_06.ppt

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Set-Top Box

  2. "Interconnection","NERC Regional Assesment Area","Net Internal Demand[1] -- Winter"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data from03.4B Winter net

  3. A Methodology for Calculating Emissions Reductions from Renewable Energy Programs and Its Application to the Wind Farms in the Texas ERCOT Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Subbarao, K.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Yazdani, B.

    ’s SIP credits. In the proposed method, the ASHRAE Inverse Model Toolkit (Kissock et al. 2003; Haberl et al. 2003) is used for weather normalization of the daily wind power generation to the base year selected by TCEQ (i.e., 1999). The US EPA...’s Emissions and Generations Resource Integrated Database (eGRID) is used for calculating annual and Ozone Season Day’s NOx emissions reductions from the wind energy programs 2 . METHODOLOGY To determine the performance of a wind farm in the 1999 base...

  4. A Methodology for Calculating Emissions Reductions from Renewable Energy Programs and Its Application to the Wind Farms in the Texas ERCOT Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Subbarao, K.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Yazdani, B.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently Texas Legislature required adding 5,880 MW of generating capacity from renewable energy technologies by 2015, and 500 MW from non-wind renewables. This legislation also required the Public Utility Commission (PUC) to establish a target...

  5. homologuer ces deux facteurs des mutants dj observs chez la Souris domestique. Le premier variant peut tre assimil chinchilla (cch) au locus albinos. Le second peut tre rapproch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    variant peut être assimilé à « chinchilla» (cch) au locus albinos. Le second peut être rapproché d litigieux à des homozygotes « chinchilla ') + +cc" Coh. Le nombre minimum de descendants ayant été fixé à

  6. EA-1750: Draft Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Smart Grid, Center for Commercialization of Electric Technology, Technology Solutions for Wind Integration in ERCOT, Houston, Texas

  7. Wind Power Forecasting Error Distributions over Multiple Timescales (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodge, B. M.; Milligan, M.

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation presents some statistical analysis of wind power forecast errors and error distributions, with examples using ERCOT data.

  8. Occitan : de l'importance d'tre une langue Patrick SAUZET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    local and feudal powers and interacted with them (receiving support from them and giving them prestige de poders locals e feudals divèrses, bèls e pichòts, e interagiguèt amb eles. Ne recebèt de sosten e

  9. Tre bud p nyskabelser, der vil gre vindmllerne endnu bedre i fremtiden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - nære personligheder samt en folkelig og poli- tisk opbakning er Danmark det land, der lig- ger inde med af vindmøller i Danmark på over 5000. Der er en installeret effekt på over 1500 MW, hvilket dækker ca og et hold videnskabs- mænd den første test- vindmølle i Danmark. Det var den spæde start til en

  10. Territoire, bien-tre et inclusion sociale, Confrences cadres DE LA PAUVRET (MULTIDIMENSIONNELLE) LA SANT.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    's. With this, we propose coming back on an experience managed in Britanny in 2004 which try matière de réflexion sur les territoires du soin hospitalier en Bretagne. Ensuite, dans une démarche

  11. LETTRE DE MOTIVATION Cette lettre d+it tre rdige dans la langue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    CItre établissement King's College London Study Abroad Offlrce (K0.60), King's College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2

  12. ausTralian cenTre for biosecuriTy and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    · Climate change Our Environmental Economics programs focus on natural-resource management economics and natural resource management. AC BEE maintains a central focus on engaging with, and assisting management · Species conservation · Agricultural productivity · Biodiversity · Soil and water management

  13. Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts on Regional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is equivalent to NERC’s definition of “Net Energy for Load”,their energy-efficiency savings projections, this definition

  14. Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts on Regional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PNM PSCO PSE PUC SDG&E SCE WECC average megawatts Britishwith appropriate NERC and WECC committees and subcommitteesconsistent across NERC, WECC and state/regional assessments

  15. Southwestern Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    POTC Home Courses Instructors NERC Continuing Education Power Operations Training Center Instructors All instructors at Southwestern's POTC are NERC-approved continuing education...

  16. Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title Grant Reference Stephanie Henson National Oceanography Centre SEASONAL VARIABILITY IN THE EFFICIENCY OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /1 Ciaran Beggan NERC British Geological Survey Geophysical Modelling of Geomagnetically Induced Currents

  17. Date: 12/6/2014 Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    activities by: 2.1. audit and assessment of buildings within NERC estate in order to provide Display EnergyNERC ISSUE: 6 Date: 12/6/2014 Page 1 of 2 NERC NERC Energy Policy Document Control Sheet Document Title Energy Policy Author(s) J Emmerson/J Eacott Document Status Original /agreed document Document

  18. Regulatory Policy and Markets for Energy Storage in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The last 5 years have been one of the most exciting times for the energy storage industry. We have seen significant advancements in the regulatory process to make accommodations for valuing and monetizing energy storage for what it provides to the grid. The most impactful regulatory decision for the energy storage industry has come from California, where the California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision that mandates procurement requirements of 1.325 GW for energy storage to 3 investor-own utilities in 4 stages: in 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020. Furthermore, at the Federal level, FERC’s Order 755, requires the transmission operators to develop pay for performance tariffs for ancillary services. This has had direct impact on the market design of US competitive wholesale markets and the monetization of fast responding grid assets. While this order is technology neutral, it clearly plays into the fast-responding capability of energy storage technologies. Today PJM, CAISO, MISO, NYISO, and NE-ISO have implemented Order 755 and offer new tariff for regulation services based on pay-for-performance principles. Furthermore, FERC Order 784, issued in July 2013 requires transmission providers to consider speed and accuracy in determining the requirements for ancillary services. In November 2013, FERC issued Order 972, which revises the small generator interconnection agreement which declares energy storage as a power source. This order puts energy storage on par with existing generators. This paper will discuss the implementation of FERC’s Pay for Performance Regulation order at all ISOs in the U.S. under FERC regulatory authority (this excludes ERCOT). Also discussed will be the market impacts and overall impacts on the NERC regulation performance indexes. The paper will end with a discussion on the California and Ontario, Canada procurement mandates and the opportunity that it may present to the energy storage industry.

  19. A Methodology for Calculating Integrated NOx Emissions Reductions From Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs Across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.

    included: ? TEES/ESL, ? PUC, ? SECO, ? ERCOT/Wind ? Energy Systems Laboratory 2007 p. 5 ESL-Single Family (MWh/County) ESL-Multifamily (MWh/County) ESL-Commercial Buildings (MWh/County) Federal Buildings (MWh/County) Furnace Pilot Light...), Alfred Reyes (TCEQ), Akin Olubiyi (TCEQ), Warren Lasher (ERCOT), Dan Woodfin (ERCOT), and David Hitchcock (HARC), Art Diem (USEPA) , and Julie Rosenberg (USEPA). Acknowledgements ? Energy Systems Laboratory 2007 p. 3 41 Counties in Texas designated...

  20. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operations Impacts of Wind Generation Integration Study.Impacts of Integrating Wind Generation into Idaho Power's2008. Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOT Ancillary

  1. Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Impact of Wind Generation on System Frequency2008. Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOT Ancillarywith Increased Wind Generation. LBNL-XXXX. Berkeley:

  2. The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolosi, Marco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Austin. ERCOT (2010b): Wind generation and load in 2008,common to subtract wind generation from total demand to formquantity of additional wind generation to demonstrate how

  3. Comment on "Air Emissions Due to Wind and Solar Power" and Supporting Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consulting, Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOTE. ; O’Malley, M. Wind generation, power system operation,E. ; O’Malley, M. Wind generation, power system operation,

  4. Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Katie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008. Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOT Ancillarythe integration of wind generation. Analysis of Wind Powerwind is far more similar to load than to conventional generation

  5. Empirical Analysis of the Variability of Wind Generation in India: Implications for Grid Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sharing the load and wind generation data. We thank Sushil2008. “Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOT Ancillaryof the Variability of Wind Generation in India: Implications

  6. Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pricing on the Usage of Wind Generation. Power Systems, IEEE2008) Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOT Anclillaryto higher or lower wind generation than scheduled. To manage

  7. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

  8. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

  9. Review and Status of Wind Integration and Transmission in the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ERCOT Ancillary Services Requirements ..... 15 2.4.6 IEA Task 25: Design and Operation of Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind Power ......

  10. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-403 Frontera...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Intervene of Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Inc (ERCOT) Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-403 Frontera Marketing, LLC - Motion to Intervene of...

  11. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-318-B...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Application from AEP Energy Partners to export electric energy to Mexico. ERCOT Comments on AEP Export Permit 02 29 2012.pdf More Documents & Publications Application to Export...

  12. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-403 Frontera...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Marketing -Informational Filing.pdf More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-403 Frontera Marketing, LLC - Joint ERCOT and Frontera...

  13. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-403 Frontera...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Frontera Generation Limited Partnership Informational Filing Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-403 Frontera Marketing, LLC - Joint ERCOT and Frontera...

  14. Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cycle CFC Constant frequency control CPS Control Performance Standards DC Direct Current EI Eastern Interconnection EIA Energy Information Agency ERCOT Electric Reliability...

  15. ANGOLI DI EULERO Ogni trasformazione ortogonale \\Phi, di determinante 1, `e composizione di 3 rotazioni. I tre angoli di

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candilera, Maurizio

    i, oppure `e la composizione di una tale rotazione con un ribaltamento dell'asse e 3 . Altrimenti he 2 i che porta N su v 1 . Allora la trasformazione \\Phi si decompone in ffl rotazione di asse e 3 ed angolo /, seguita da ffl rotazione di asse N ed angolo #, seguita da ffl rotazione di asse v 3 ed angolo

  16. l'intervalle molculaire, peut tre employe avec avantage comme formule empirique pour relier la densit la constante dilec-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'un point lumineux ou l'écart angulaire de deux points; il exa- mine maintenant le cas où l'on observe une and available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jphystap:01892001008202 #12;83 ment la transformation d'une lunette

  17. To be published at the Montreal CIM Conference, May 2003 tre publi la conference ICM de Montral, mai 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    clarification from different untis of operation, and sludge produced from water treatment of various sources-grained mill tailings produced by the ore processing plant, mine dewatering and sediments produced by water is the result of the natural oxidation of sulphides exposed to air and water. When mining wastes have

  18. 2281 T. BONADONNA. -LA il BERGAMINE peuvent tre dcolors pat simple agitation avec de l'acide sulfu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , -, \\ " . \\ 1 - 2281 T. BONADONNA. - LA il BERGAMINE » ~1 , peuvent être décolorés pat simple des laiteries ont à leur disposition plusieurs- centrifuges Babcock; il convient den-modifier une pLn'est pas toujours visible, cela dépendra, de la salaison du beurre; il est généralement facile d'appr6cier

  19. Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wattles, P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability Paul Wattles Senior Analyst, Market Design & Development, ERCOT CATEE Conference, Galveston October 10, 2012 2 North American Bulk Power Grids CATEE Conference October 10, 2012 ? The ERCOT... adequacy ? ?Achieving more DR participation would . . . displace some generation investments, but would achieve the same level of reliability... ? ?Achieving this ideal requires widespread demand response and market structures that enable loads...

  20. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy in the United States: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kV JCSP 765 kV and 800 kV HVDC Southern California Edison (2 345 kV ERCOT - TOS - 3 345 kV and HVDC ERCOT - TOS - 4345 kV and HVDC Southwest Power Pool (SPP) SPP - 2 345 kV

  1. Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emisions Reduction Plan (TERP): Volume III- Technical Appendix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Lewis, C.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Gilman, D.; Degelman, L.; McKelvey, K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) All ERCOT ESL-Single Family ESL-Multifamily PUC (SB7) PUC (SB5 grant program) SECO Wind-ERCOT ESL-Commercial Federal Buildings Furnace Pilot Light Program SEER13-Single Family SEER13-Multifamily Figure 1: OSD NOx Emissions Reduction Projections... TABLE OF TABLES Table 1: List of Counties ................................................................................................................................ 9 Table 2: Simulation Results for Individual Single Family and Multi Family...

  2. Improving Large Scale Day-ahead Security Constrained Unit ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ychen

    2015-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmission line limit. Injection ... can Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) requirements. ... solve DC power flow to identify additional transmission viola-.

  3. Guide to Critical Infrastructure Protection Cyber Vulnerability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Infrastructure Protection Cyber Vulnerability Assessment More Documents & Publications Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection...

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - Sandia CREW 2012 Wind Plant Reliability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    data ORAP Transformed data Fault Event analysis Industry benchmarks IEC IEEE Availability reporting NERC GADS reporting Data Completeness and Quality...

  5. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    states and three NERC reliability regions. MISO is the firstmulti-reliability-region operation. Membership in the MISO-

  6. Resource Adequacyq y Advisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessments NERC Pilot Program WECC ­ Load and resource annual report ­ Compliance with NERC pilot program = expected amount of unserved load (MW-hours) 3. Normalized EUE 6 #12;12/5/2013 4 WECC Annual loads and adverse weather Calculates LOLH and EUE for NERC 7 WECC L&R Report 2013 "No Problem" Summer Normal

  7. Congestion Management Requirements, Methods and Performance Indices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.J.

    2002-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmission congestion occurs when there is insufficient transmission capacity to simultaneously accommodate all requests for transmission service within a region. Historically, vertically integrated utilities managed this condition by constraining the economic dispatch of generators with the objective of ensuring security and reliability of their own and/or neighboring systems. Electric power industry restructuring has moved generation investment and operations decisions into the competitive market but has left transmission as a communal resource in the regulated environment. This mixing of competitive generation and regulated transmission makes congestion management difficult. The difficulty is compounded by increases in the amount of congestion resulting from increased commercial transactions and the relative decline in the amount of transmission. Transmission capacity, relative to peak load, has been declining in all regions of the U.S. for over a decade. This decline is expected to continue. Congestion management schemes used today have negative impacts on energy markets, such as disruptions and monetary penalties, under some conditions. To mitigate these concerns various congestion management methods have been proposed, including redispatch and curtailment of scheduled energy transmission. In the restructured electric energy industry environment, new congestion management approaches are being developed that strive to achieve the desired degree of reliability while supporting competition in the bulk power market. This report first presents an overview and background on key issues and emerging approaches to congestion management. It goes on to identify and describe policies affecting congestion management that are favored and/or are now being considered by FERC, NERC, and one of the regional reliability councils (WSCC). It reviews the operational procedures in use or proposed by three of the leading independent system operators (ISOs) including ERCOT, California ISO, and PJM. Finally, it presents recommendations for evaluating the competing alternative approaches and developing metrics to use in such evaluations. As with any report concerning electricity restructuring, specific details quickly become dated. Individual utilities, states and regions will inevitably change rules and procedures even during the time it takes to publish a report. Hopefully, the general conclusions are more robust and this report will continue to have value even after some of the specific details have changed.

  8. 28/05/2009 16:23For the benefit of society? No, for the good of my family Page 1 of 1http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/news/story.aspx?id=434

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    created a computer model recreates the transmission of a common infectious agent in a population the parasite population. 'This way, we were able to analyse what happens at the individual, family using the 'tools' menu on the right. Your comments Post a comment There are no comments at this time

  9. 204 BULLETIN OF TRE UNITEII sfrxrnsFISTI coxaiissIoN. red flesh and are delicious eating. The growth of lhis ish in a place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    it passes from a weight of S gmms to S kilograms [$ ounce to 153 pouurls: about], jucreasing a tliousaucl Rhiiid carp and those of Montreuil-sur-lder are highly esteemccl, viliile those of the Lot River pass in big boxes for f'i.01~two to tliree weeks in running river mfer, so as to be rid of` the muddy taste

  10. sont ceux o la surface est tangente un cne au lieu d'tre tan-plan; ils sont disposs symtriquement deux par deux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'unité Siemens et l'unité britannique ou Ohm. L'unité Siemens est la résistance d'un prisme de mercure pur de i million d'Ohms. La conversion des unités Siemens en Ohnms, ou inversement, se fait en sachant que 1 Ohm - 1,0486 unités Siemens, i unité Siemens = o,9536 Ohm. L'étalon est construit en alliage de platine

  11. Cotutelles / crdit Doctorat Cette demande doit tre introduite avant le 1er fvrier. Veuillez lire attentivement le rglement avant de soumettre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerf, Nicolas

    /01/2013http://survey2.ulb.ac.be/limesurvey/admin/admin.php?action=showprintablesurvey&si... TEMPLATE #12/01/2013http://survey2.ulb.ac.be/limesurvey/admin/admin.php?action=showprintablesurvey&si... TEMPLATE #12 propositions suivantes : Cotutelle Crédit doctorat Page 1 sur 13LimeSurvey - Cotutelles / crédit Doctorat 7

  12. tre tlcharg partir de http://www.univ-orleans.fr/mapmo/soft/FullSWOF/. Le modle rsout le systme de SaintVenant. Les difficults numriques viennent des

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Carine - Le Laboratoire de Mathématiques

    models. Two physical models are often used to model overland flow: kinematic (KW) and diffusive wave (DW runoff Á Shallow water system Á Well-balanced scheme Á Hydrostatic reconstruction Á Finite volumes Á Dry be taken such as using grass strips. We have to know how the water is moving in order to put

  13. b120058 DPGF ESPCI -ramnagement de diffrents laboratoires et bureaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

    VENTILLATION CLIMATISATION ventilation double flux Conduits en PVC diamètre 120 mm Conduits en PVC diamètre 60 mm Conduite en PVC diamètre 100 mm PEINTURE ET REVETEMENT SOL Peinture mur Peinture Plafond

  14. Frequency Control Performance Measurement and Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illian, Howard F.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Team, August 24. [56] EPRI. 1992. Impacts of GovernorCPS DCM DCS DEM ECAR EMS EPRI ERCOT ERO FALs FERC FRLs FRMstandards is included in the EPRI Report Control Performance

  15. Topic A and B Awardee: Electric Reliability Council of Texas...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    land area. As the independent system operator for the region, ERCOT schedules power on an electric grid that connects 40,000 miles of transmission lines and more than 550...

  16. Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis. Presentation given to PJM Interconnection Markete.g. , ISO-NE, NYISO, PJM, MISO, ERCOT, and CAISO). Co-also elect to participate in PJM’s day-ahead and/or real-

  17. IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    : namely, CAISO, ERCOT, ISO-NE, MISO, NYISO, PJM, and SPP. Over the years, however, a variety definitions omit many services important for ensuring the efficient and reliable operation of power systems

  18. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. 12 11 10 19 22 21 20 15 14 9 13 7 5 6 1 2 3 4 16 17 8 18 1. ERCT ERCOT...

  19. Blackout Final Implementation Report

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Task Force: Final Report on Implementation of Recommendations G R23. Strengthen reactive power and voltage control practices in all NERC regions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 R24....

  20. Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AS CAISO CCGT CSP CT DA EUE LCOE LOLP LOLE NERC NREL O&M PHSthe levelized cost of energy (LCOE) or the cost of a power

  1. Voltage Control Technical Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intro Voltage Control Conference - BPA Active Power Control in Wind Parks - Siemens Interconnection Criteria for Frequency Response Requirements - NERC Model Validation...

  2. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to webTrans as well as modifying our internal reliability and commercial systems * Energy Product Codes registration and definition - Transferred from NERC to NAESB -...

  3. Transmission Constraints and Congestion in the Western and Eastern...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NERC Not available from all utilities Not available; in progress Not available Note: Cells highlighted in green denote a parameter and source for which information has been...

  4. Document 2006-17 September 19, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinating Council (WECC) is developing guidelines to recommend appropriate methodologies for assessing resource adequacy. Although the NERC and WECC efforts act as drivers, momentum is also building within

  5. Document 2006-22 November 15, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Warning Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinating Council (WECC) is developing guidelines to recommend appropriate methodologies for assessing resource adequacy. Although the NERC and WECC efforts act as drivers, momentum is also building within

  6. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Electricity and Renewable Fuel Tables (tables 73-120) Electric Power Projections for Electricity Market Module Regions - NERC Region Map Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Table...

  7. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Electricity and Renewable Fuel Tables (tables 73-120) Electric Power Projections for Electricity Market Module Regions (NERC Region Map) Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Table...

  8. EIA - Petroleum & Other Liquids Data

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and Renewable Fuel Tables (tables 73-120) Excel Gif Electric Power Projections for Electricity Market Module Regions (NERC Region Map) Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Excel...

  9. BPA Fact Sheet - Preparing for reliability entity registration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Western Electric Coordinating Council (WECC) fulfi lls this role in the Western interconnection and has asked entities within this area to register according to the NERC...

  10. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM Interconnection, Northwest,

  11. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyis planned for the Midwest, PJM Interconnection, Texas,

  12. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of building automation and control systems,” Design Test ofSystems Control. [Online]. Available: http://www.nerc.com [18] Apogee Building Automation [

  13. Recommended Practices Guide For Securing ZigBee Wireless Networks...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards WA04069EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf Securing WLANs using 802.11i...

  14. Supplemental Tables to the Annual Energy Outlook - Energy Information...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and Assumptions Acronyms NEMS: An Overview Assumptions report (2011) NERC Region map Levelized generation costs Capital cost for electricity plants About the National Energy...

  15. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not...

  16. Southwestern Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Courses Instructors NERC Continuing Education Power Operations Training Center You'll find the "Power" of learning at Southwestern's Power Operations Training Center (POTC). POTC's...

  17. Universit degli Studi di Udine Anno accademico 2013/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piazza, Carla

    biomedico: zero ammessi 8. Tecniche di radiologia medica, per immagini e radioterapia: tre ammessi I

  18. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Loss-of-Load Expectation (LOLE) work group to develop its planning standards. Unfortunately, NERC funding wasn't sufficient to sustain the work group and so, in 2012, the work group was subsumed an acceptable threshold for such a metric. Summaries, to date, show that seven of the eight NERC sub

  19. The Efficiency of Tesseral Arithmetic for 2.5D Image Manipulation on Serial Computers and Transputer Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, M.; Bell, S.; Stevens, A.; Freedman, I.; Dickman, P.W.

    Jackson,M. Bell,S. Stevens,A. Freedman,I. Dickman,P.W. In the proceedings of the Second Tesseral Workshop, Sept 1986. See Diaz, B. M., and Bell, S. B. M., editors, Spatial Data Processing Using Tesseral Methods (collected papers from Tesseral Workshops 1 and 2), NERC Unit for Thematic Information Systems, NERC, Swindon, UK Natural Environment Research Council

  20. Esame Scritto di Fisica 1 per Biotecnologie -25 Febbraio 2010 Il tempo a disposizione `e di tre ore. E' ammesso l'uso di calcolatrici. Non `e ammesso l'uso di appunti, libri, computer,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannozzi, Paolo

    = 4.5 Ã? 105 m/s, diretta lungo l'asse x, in una zona di spazio (x > 0) dove `e presente un campo- generati dalle due cariche. Prendiamo l'asse x lungo l'asse del dipolo, l'origine delle coordinate nel.88 Ã? 1011 NC-1 . Prendiamo il punto P sull'asse delle y, che prendiamo per comodit`a verticale. Nel punto P

  1. Le produit r a est, on le voit, loin d'tre constant ; il dcrot quand la temprature s'lve, et cela de 12 pour 100 de sa valeur,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'UN LIQUIDE; PAR M. E. BOUTY. [SUITE (1) ]. II. ---· MESURE ABSOLUE DU PHÉNOMÈNE DE PELTIER AU CONTACT D production du phénomène de Peltier, s'il existe ; enfin le dégagement de chaleur résultant d possible de celles de Inexpérience. . Pour réaliser cette étude préliminair e, j'entoure le réservoir du

  2. surface si faible qu'elle n'a pu encore tre apprcie. Il faut en conclure, dans l'hypothse de Volta, que le rayon de la sphrc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - cien de Bonn croie nécessaire, pour l'explication du phénomène de Peltier, qu'une fraction (en tout cas; PAR M. A. ROSENSTIEHL. La question qui doit être résolue dans cette Note est celle de savoir si le

  3. Art. 56 du rglement des examens et des jurys unique En cas de non disponibilit d'une note lors de la dlibration, l'valuation pourra tre neutralise par le

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerf, Nicolas

    .3.110) Mercredi 25/06/2014 9h00: BA Chimie ­ Polyvalent (salle Solvay) ­ Proclamation (Forum F) 10h00: MA Tourisme (IGEAT) 11h00: MA Chimie (salle Solvay) 14h00: BA Géologie (salle Solvay) - Proclamation (Forum F) 15h30: MA Géologie (salle Solvay) 16h00: MA Bioinformatique et modélisation + Année Préparatoire (NO906

  4. Post-doctorants IN Cette demande de crdits doit faire l'objet d'un avis/classement facultaire, et doit tre introduite avant le 1er fvrier.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerf, Nicolas

    /10/2012http://survey2.ulb.ac.be/limesurvey/admin/admin.php?action=showprintablesurvey&s... TEMPLATE #12LimeSurvey - Post-doctorants IN 08/10/2012http://survey2.ulb.ac.be/limesurvey/admin/admin.php?action=showprintablesurvey&s... TEMPLATE #12;Service Code postal intérieur Téléphone ULB Autre téléphone Courrier électronique 2 [pdi

  5. Rf. : FIC_STAGE_2012_06_hyperspectral Page : 1/1 Ce document est la proprit de Magellium. Il ne peut tre ni reproduit, ni communiqu sans autorisation crite pralable.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobigeon, Nicolas

    'HSI en cours de conception en interne (matlab), puis éventuellement portage en C++, dans une libraire de traitement d'images spatiales. - Portage en openCL (programmation sur Graphical Processing Unit (GPU)) d

  6. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Impacts on Emission Reductions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl,J; Bahman,Y.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RENEWABLES Wind Papalote Creek Wind Farm near Taft, TX. ESL-KT-14-11-43 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 p. 67 Completed, Announced, and Retired Wind Projects in Texas, as of Dec. 2013 WIND PROJECTS IN TEXAS (2013...) ESL-KT-14-11-43 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 p. 68 Completed, Announced, and Retired Wind Projects in Texas, as of Dec. 2013 WIND PROJECTS IN TEXAS (2013) Wind Farms in ERCOT ERCOT: Electric Reliability...

  7. UNIVERSIT DEGLI STUDI DI VERONA WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    intensive e lavoro a piccoli gruppi, per un impegno giornaliero di 8-9 ore. Inoltre, nei tre mesi successivi

  8. Ny ageNda for humaNioras fremtid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mere ... af helge hollesen hho@adm.au.dk Omkring tre ud af fire ansatte har nu afgivet deres vurdering

  9. Compositional and analytic applications of automated music notation via object-oriented programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, Jeffrey Robert

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    II p p Va. Vc. div. Cb. mp ppp C Camp. p Vl. I Vl. II mp Va.p C Pno. f tre corde Hp. ppp Clar. pp C G Pno. mp Hp. mf ppp C F f Pno. tre corde Hp. ppp pp Clar. G f Pno. p tre corde

  10. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    ) balancing market and the upcoming ERCOT "nodal"--that is, "locational marginal pricing," (LMP) market as in the Northeast U.S. restructured markets [2], competitive en- ergy prices must occasionally rise above the occasions of high competitive prices are also times when market participants have market power

  11. A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . To accommodate this amount of wind power into our grid, the infrastructure of the transmission grid must in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) control area [1]. The wind power plant is monitored during Power Plant for One Year of Observation Preprint E. Muljadi National Renewable Energy Laboratory Z

  12. Division of Economics and Business Working Paper Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data of wind generation and emissions from plants in ERCOT (Texas), CAISO (California), and MISO (UpperDivision of Economics and Business Working Paper Series Emissions savings from wind power generation: Evidence from Texas, California and the Upper Midwest Daniel T. Kaffine Brannin J. McBee Jozef

  13. REVISED March 31, 2008 Advanced Workshop in Regulation and Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Break 10:00 - 11:55 Concurrent Sessions Evergreen Ballroom PJM PERFORMANCE West Evergreen Chair: William of Market Power in PJM Energy Markets Andrew Kleit: Market Monitoring, ERCOT Style Gary Newell & Ransom E in Restructured Electricity Markets - Initial Results of PJM's New RPM TELECOMMUNICATIONS Central Evergreen Chair

  14. Abstract: The proliferation of transactions coupled with the unbundling of services has created a need to evaluate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    ) or in formation (Midwest, NYPP, INDEGO). A key function of an independent transmission system operator electricity supply industry or the various Independent System Operators already set up (ERCOT, California, PJM transmission system operator. Such a function is provided by the National Grid Company in the England and Wales

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, MAY 2000 631 A Physical-Flow-Based Approach to Allocating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    are bringing about the estab- lishment of an independent transmission system operator. Such a function Inde- pendent System Operators already set up (ERCOT, California, PJM) or in formation (Midwest, NYPP, INDEGO). A key func- tion of an independent transmission system operator is the pro- vision

  16. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. 2012 Summary Statistics (Connecticut) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 9,060 35 Electric Utilities 152 46...

  17. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. 2012 Summary statistics (Vermont) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 1,235 50 Electric Utilities 329 45...

  18. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2012 Summary statistics (Virginia) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFCSERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 24,849 16 Electric Utilities 20,626...

  19. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2012 Summary statistics (South Carolina) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 23,083 18 Electric Utilities 21,280...

  20. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Summary Statistics (Illinois) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRORFCSERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 45,146 5 Electric Utilities 5,274 34...

  1. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. 2012 Summary statistics (New Jersey) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 18,924 22 Electric Utilities 517 43...

  2. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2012 Summary statistics (New Hampshire) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 4,323 44 Electric Utilities 1,121 41...

  3. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

  4. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

  5. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IOU IRC ISO LMP LBNL LSE MISO MP MRO MWG M&V NERC OATT PUCrecommended a focus on what MISO refers to as DRR Type IIis consistent with trends in MISO and elsewhere and suggests

  6. Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration -- Phase 2 Findings from the Summer of 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EMRP HD IE MRTU NERC RAA RMSE SCADA SCE SDP VHF WAN WECC Airand Data Acquisition (SCADA) system to the BPL Global datais monitored by the SCE SCADA system, which is every eight

  7. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drinking Water: Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE).http://www.epa.gov/mtbe/water.htm (11/30/10), Chiu, Y. W. ;LCFS LCI LP LPG MED MRO MSF MTBE MWD MWDOC NAICS NERC NETL

  8. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Reduce demand for balancing servicesReduce demand for balancing services (GEN-3 of 6th Plan) Transmission interstate aspects of the electric power, natural gas, oil pipeline , and hydroelectric industries. NERC

  9. Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CEMS CSP CT DA EIA EPA EUE LCOE LOLP LOLE NERC NREL O&M PHSlevelized cost of energy (LCOE)). A missing part of simplethe levelized cost of energy (LCOE) or the cost of a power

  10. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    Transfer capability enhancement Locational marginal price Social welfare a b s t r a c t The principal marginal prices (LMPs) [8] (TLR) scheme used by NERC security coordinators [7] to the market-based methods using locational

  11. Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration -- Phase 2 Findings from the Summer of 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than required by NERC and WECC reliability rules. 2. TheRMSE SCADA SCE SDP VHF WAN WECC Air conditioning AutonomousElectric Coordinating Council (WECC) rules for contingency

  12. Commercial and Industrial Base Intermittent Resource Management Pilot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grid in accordance with WECC standards. Operating Reserves 5required to meet NERC and WECC reliability standards. Theseand Operator (CAISO 2010c). WECC Standard BAL-STD-002-0 –

  13. Developing fast and efficient climate models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Mark

    , based on the global model of Tim Lenton. The resulting package comprises an Earth System Model was closely integrated with the GENIE (Grid ENabled Integrated Earth system model) project, funded by the NERC

  14. 1992 system disturbances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When a utility experiences an electric system emergency that requires reporting to the DOE, the utility sends a copy of the report to its Regional Council, which then sends a copy to NERC. Canadian utilities often voluntarily file emergency reports to DOE and NERC as well. NERC's annual review of system disturbances begins in November when the Disturbance Analysis Working Group meets to discuss each disturbance reported to NERC so far that year. The Group then contacts the Regional Council or utility(ies) involved and requests a detailed report of each incident. The Group then summarizes the report for this Review and analyzes it using the NERC Operating Guides and Planning Policies and Guides as the analysis categories. The Commentary section includes the conclusions and recommendations that were formulated from the analyses in this report plus the general experiences of the Working Group through the years. In 1992, utilities reported 22 incidents of system disturbances, load reductions, or unusual occurrences. This is eight fewer than reported in 1991. These incidents are listed chronologically and categorized as: fourteen system interruptions that resulted in loss of customer service, eight unusual occurrences that did not cause a service interruption. No public appeals to reduce demand or voltage reductions occurred in 1992. This document contains reports of 11 incidents plus a summary of the damage from Hurricane Andrew. Each utility or Region approved its analysis in this report. Included is a table of Disturbances by Analysis Category that offers a quick review of the categories applicable to each incident.

  15. CENTRE DE RECHERCHES CRITIQUES SUR LE DROIT (CERCRID)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Saint Etienne GOUT Olivier, HDR Maître de Conférences, Université Jean Monnet de Saint Etienne MOUNCIF

  16. Trends in Rainfall and Runoff in the Blue Nile Basin: 1964-2003 Zelalem K. Tesemma1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    hydropower and irrigation development. To develop appropriate adaptation strategies to relay these concerns-Kendall and Sen's T test to detect tre

  17. MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE, DELL'UNIVERSIT E DELLA RICERCA DIPARTIMENTO PER LA PROGRAMMAZIONE IL COORDINAMENTO E GLI AFFARI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    ogni tre anni dalla I.U.P.A.P. per la termodinamica e la meccanica statistica) per i suoi contributi

  18. An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SAIDI SAIFI SERC SPP TRE WECC Alaska Systems CoordinatingElectricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Midwest ReliabilityCoordinating Council (WECC). Completeness of reported

  19. Qualit et Service informatique (d'un laboratoire) -JLA 1 Qualit et Service Informatique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    de connaître le contenu du standard ITIL ou de la norme ISO 20000 qui sont des références de bonnes

  20. Acknowledgments vii Introduction 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaus, Boris

    's The Grapes of Wrath, Félix-Antoine Savard's Menaud, maître-draveur, and Robert J. C. Stead's Grain 224 7

  1. Texas Bulk Power Study-- An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, B.

    be estimated and carefully ana1yzed in future research efforts. Theoretically, increased coordination through joint planning of the bu~k power transmission system can use resources located in some util ity systems to el iminate or defer the need for new... with ERCOT and individual utilities, should be directed to identifying the regions and facilities where potential transmission problems may arise. The potential need for the construction of additional or ~pgraded transmission facilities also raises...

  2. Development of a Web-based Emissions Reduction Calculator for Green Power Purchases from Texas Wind Energy Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Gilman, D.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that have been developed to calculate the emissions reductions from electricity provided by wind energy providers in the Texas ERCOT region, including an analysis of actual hourly wind power generated from a wind turbine in Randall County, Texas... development here. The capacity of installed wind turbines totals 1,407 MW as of April 2005 and the planned capacity for new projects 4 rises to 3,700 1 In the 2003 Texas State legislative session...

  3. Emissions Reduction Impact of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    p. 1 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 EMISSIONS REDUCTION IMPACT OF RENEWABLES October 2012 Jeff Haberl, Bahman Yazdani, Charles Culp Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University p. 2 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012... Do TCEQ: Vince Meiller, Bob Gifford ERCOT: Warren Lasher USEPA: Art Diem, Julie Rosenberg ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS p. 3 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 RENEWABLES Solar PV Solar Thermal Hydro Biomass Landfill Gas Geothermal p. 4...

  4. Quantification of Energy and Emissions Saved in Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mao, C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /PCA) PUC-SB5 (MWh/PCA) Wind-ERCOT (MWh/PCA) SECO (MWh/PCA) SEER13-Single Family (MWh/County) SEER13- Multifamily (MWh/County) INTEGRATED NOx SAVINGS: Process Flow Diagram of the NOx Emissions Reduction Calcs. p. 85 Energy Systems Laboratory © 2011... Laboratory © 2011 • Texas Emission Reduction Plan (TERP) – Emissions reductions in Texas counties – Energy efficiency codes support and training LEGISLATURE DIRECTED RESEARCH p. 13 Energy Systems Laboratory © 2011 Legislation passed to reduce energy...

  5. Wind Tunnel Building - 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Energy Systems Laboratory 1 A METHODOLOGY FOR CALCULATING EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE WIND FARMS IN THE TEXAS ERCOT REGION Zi Liu, Jeff Haberl, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Kris Subbarao, Charles... on Sweetwater I Wind Farm Capacity Factor Analysis Application to All Wind Farms Uncertainty Analysis Emissions Reduction Summary Energy Systems Laboratory 3 SUMMARYEMISSIONS REDUCTION UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS APPLICATIONMETHODOLOGYINTRODUCTION Background...

  6. Final Report: Northeastern Regional Center of the DOE's National Institute for Climatic Change Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Kenneth

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration of the NERC of NICCR began at Penn State in December of 2005 and ended in December of 2011. During that time, five requests for proposals were released and five rounds of proposals were reviewed, awarded and administered. Throughout this award, 203 pre-proposals have been received by the NERC in five RFPS and 110 full proposals invited. Of the 110 full proposals reviewed, 53 were funded (most in full, some partially) resulting in 51 subcontracts. These awards were distributed among 17 universities and 3 non-governmental research institutes. Full proposals have been received from 29 universities and 5 non-governmental research institutes. Research activities have now been completed.

  7. Generalized Spectral Decomposition for Stochastic Non Linear Problems 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .nouy@univ-nantes.fr (Anthony Nouy), olm@limsi.fr (Olivier P. Le Maître). URLs: http://www.univ-nantes.fr/nouy-a (Anthony Nouy), http://www.limsi.fr/Individu/olm (Olivier P. Le Maître). 1 This work is supported by the French

  8. Fonctions et passage de paramtre par rfrence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacroix, Mathieu

    de la variable locale dans la fonction appelée ne modifie la variable passée en paramètre, parce que rajouter le caractère & entre le type et le nom du paramètre. Ainsi, l'exécution du code : 1 void change

  9. Programme des 3mes Rencontres de l'ESS en Vaucluse le 18 octobre 2012 08h30 Accueil et visite des stands AT 04

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naud Frédéric

    Programme des 3èmes Rencontres de l'ESS en Vaucluse le 18 octobre 2012 du film sur l'ESS en Vaucluse dans l'amphithéâtre 09h00 Amphithéâtre AT 04 Lancement des 3èmes rencontres de l'ESS en présence de

  10. N d'ordre : 208 COLE CENTRALE DE LILLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Espanet Professeur UFC (FEMTO-ST) Examinateur R. Romary Professeur FSA (LSEE) Examinateur L. Vido Maître Lionel Vido, Maître de Conférences à l'�cole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, d'avoir accepté d'examiner ce

  11. Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Polytechnique de Toulouse, Rapporteur M. Jean-Marc MENAUD Maître Assistant à l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes. Merci également à M. Jean-Marc Menaud, maître assistant à l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes, pour avoir

  12. Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Polytechnique de Toulouse, Rapporteur M. Jean-Marc MENAUD Maître Assistant à l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes constructif. Merci également à M. Jean-Marc Menaud, maître assistant à l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes, pour avoir

  13. A Comparison of Extra-tropical Cyclones in Recent Re-analyses; ERA-INTERIM, NASA-MERRA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, Kevin

    separation of the identically same cyclones is typically less than 20 geodesic in both hemispheresA Comparison of Extra-tropical Cyclones in Recent Re-analyses; ERA-INTERIM, NASA-MERRA, NCEP Corresponding author: Kevin Hodges email: kih@mail.nerc-essc.ac.uk #12;Abstract Extra-tropical cyclones

  14. Power and Energy Engineering Workforce Collaborative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    needs and global concerns * Source: US Department of Energy, Annual Energy Outlook 2007 Early Release1 Power and Energy Engineering Workforce Collaborative NERC Webinar July 8, 2008 #12;22 Overview and Concerns · NSF Workforce Workshop and Recommendations · Shifting the Education Paradigm · Power and Energy

  15. Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joe

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CERTS CIEE DOE EIPP EMS EPG EPRI LBNL LMP LMTF MRTU NERC PDCVersion 2.1, User’s Manual, EPRI Research ProjectRP30400-01,Version 2.1, User’s Manual, EPRI Research ProjectRP30400-01,

  16. AQUIFER STORAGE SITE EVALUATION AND MONITORING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Mike

    CO2 AQUIFER STORAGE SITE EVALUATION AND MONITORING Edited and compiled by Martin Smith, David Campbell, Eric Mackay and Debbie Polson Understanding the challenges of CO2 storage: results of the CASSEM Project Im agecopyrightofNERC #12;#12;CO2 Aquifer storage site evaluation and monitoring EDITED

  17. Copyright 2009 No part of this presentation may be reproduced in any form without prior authorization.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    addiction to oil by transforming transportation ­ Electrifying Transportation: PlugIn Hybrid Electric(billion1999-$/ -$117 million/year Transmission investment ($) since 1975 Transmission capacity margin in every NERC region since 1982 Transmission investment lags load growth and will remain very difficult

  18. Meeting Name Score Rank Grant Reference Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title Call Panel A 10 1 NE/L011328/1 Christopher Davies University of Leeds A New Energy Budget for Earth's Core and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meeting Name Score Rank Grant Reference Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title Call Panel Rethinking carbonate diagenesis: clues to past carbon cycling from an overlooked carbon sink IRF OCT13 Panel of Criegee Biradical Chemistry IRF OCT13 Panel B 8 3 NE/L011166/1 James Brearley NERC British Antarctic

  19. Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title Grant Reference Peter Bernath University of York Satellite Observations of Halogen-Containing Molecules NE/I022663/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title Grant Reference Peter Bernath University of York, Ice and Super-cooled Water Particles. NE/I023058/1 Gareth Chisham NERC British Antarctic Survey The University of Manchester Effects of a warming climate on the key organic carbon cycle processes

  20. Grant Reference Lead / Sole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole Grant Grant Holder Research Organisation Project of Birmingham Controls on Soil Carbon Export revealed by Novel Tracers on multiple timescales (SCENT) Standard Grant DEC12 8 8 NE/K011871/1 N Melanie Leng NERC British Geological Survey A 500,000-year environmental

  1. Grant Reference Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title NE/I015299/1 Robert Upstill-Goddard Newcastle University Surfactant control of air-sea gas exchange in coastal waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant Reference Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title NE/I015299/1 Robert Upstill NE/I015361/1 Timothy Heaton NERC British Geological Survey The oxygen isotope composition's University of Belfast 14C as a tool to trace terrestrial carbon in a complex lake: implications for food

  2. Reference Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title NE/J005398/2 Professor Christopher Perry University of Exeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant Reference Grant Holder Research Organisation Project Title NE/J005398/2 Professor Christopher and resultant sediment records of the event. NE/J006122/1 Dr David Tappin NERC British Geological Survey Japan of severe wildfires on moorland carbon dynamics NE/J01141X/1 Dr Stephen G. Willis Durham University

  3. 4, 667695, 2008 SE Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Research Centre, Department of Geography, University College London, Pearson Building, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK 2 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham Discussion Abstract A detailed record of benthic foraminifera carbon isotopes from the South East Atlantic

  4. A new approach for modeling the peak utility impacts from a proposed CUAC standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris; Chan, Peter; Coughlin, Katie

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    47 6.5 The 11 Blocks that Represent the LDC in28 Figure 17. The LDC from 6x TSL 4 for ECAR Region in YearCUAC DOE EIA EMM GW kW LCC LDC LDSM MEF NEMS NERC NES PNNL

  5. FUNDED STANDARD GRANTS June 2010 REF PI HEI Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUNDED STANDARD GRANTS June 2010 PANEL A REF PI HEI Title NE/I010173/1 Jarvis NERC BAS Solar wind connection to regional climate NE/I01229X/1 Shrira Keele New kinetic equations and their modelling for wind/1 Mencuccini Edinburgh Perilous life at the xeric edge: drought-induced tree mortality in the Mediterranean NE

  6. R AdResource Adequacy Advisory CommitteeAdvisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Committee Meeting November 20, 2013 #12;General Topic OutlineGeneral Topic Outline Scope and Role: Power Division Director ­ Committee co-chairs: Council and BPA MembersMembers Utilities, commissionsNERC Definition of Adequacy Adequacy is the ability of the electricAdequacy is the ability of the electric system

  7. Risk Aware Robust Decision Making in Power Systems with Renewable Resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thatte, Anupam Ajit

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dispatch ISO Independent System Operator LMP Locational Marginal Price LORP Lack of Ramp Probability LP Linear Programming LSE Load Serving Entity MAE Mean Absolute Error MISO Midcontinent Independent System Operator MPC Model Predictive Control NERC North... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.2 Nordpool market timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 3.3 Electricity prices for scenario A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3.4 Results of deterministic optimization scenario A . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3...

  8. Grid Reliability- An Electric Utility Company's Perspective

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meeting—covers Southern Company's business continuity, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) cybersecurity, and homeland security as well as physical recovery after a major outage, and five questions to ask your local utility.

  9. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 13: Bonneville's Obligations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's balancing area. Its obligations to provide flexibility for wind-power balancing also are driven by its obligations under NERC standards as the host balancing authority for wind-power resources that are meeting of wind power that is located in Bonneville's balancing area whether to serve its customers, other

  10. Abstract--This paper proposes a reactive power dispatch model that takes into account both the technical and economical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    the reactive power and voltage control practices in all North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC and transformers taps deviations [12]. In the context of deregulated electricity markets, reactive power dispatch1 Abstract--This paper proposes a reactive power dispatch model that takes into account both

  11. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The Effects of Hard Spectra Solar Proton Events on1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    to deposit their energy28 in the mesosphere and stratosphere. Therefore Solar Proton Events provide a directJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The Effects of Hard Spectra Solar Helsinki, Finland. (annika.seppala@fmi.fi) M. A. Clilverd, Physical Sciences Division (NERC), British

  12. Canopy spectral invariants for remote sensing and model applications Dong Huang a,, Yuri Knyazikhin a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    probability; Radiative transfer 1. Introduction The solar energy that transits through the atmosphere, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland d NERC Centre for Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics and Department canopy to the incident solar radiation at the leaf and the canopy scale and allow for a simple

  13. SPACE WEATHER RISKS FROM AN INSURANCE PERSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    from, e.g., business interruptions. Hence, protection of the electric power supply is particularly Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act) In 2009 North-American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) has-weather-prone property and infrastructure includes: · satellites (e.g., solar panels & electronics: exposed to particle

  14. s e c t i o n Building the new grid | white Paper www.generAtinginsights.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smart grid means automation of the electric power grid, and automation often means computerization: In the event of a cyber security threat to the electric power system, what is at stake? The first risk is serious disruption to the electric grid, which the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC

  15. Je-S Guidance Notes for Applicants G22v4/ML/Je-SGuide February 2011 Page 1 of 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Technology Strategy Board (TSB) Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) Details of all the requirements for Applicants applying for funding Je-S web page: https://je-s.rcuk.ac.uk/ #12;Je-S Guidance Notes. Je-S is used by AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC and STFC as well as the Technology Strategy Board

  16. Complex Dynamics of Blackouts in Power Transmission Systems B. A. Carreras and V. E. Lynch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    growth of the country and to continuously increasing power demand. The evolution and reliability Electrical Reliability Council (NERC) data on blackouts of the North American power grid4 gave an average Individual blackouts are triggered by random events ranging from equipment failures and bad weather

  17. Eastern Frequency Response Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N.W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was specifically designed to investigate the frequency response of the Eastern Interconnection that results from large loss-of-generation events of the type targeted by the North American Electric Reliability Corp. Standard BAL-003 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting (NERC 2012a), under possible future system conditions with high levels of wind generation.

  18. The Prediction of Extratropical Storm Tracks by the ECMWF and NCEP Ensemble Prediction Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begstsson, Lennart

    The Prediction of Extratropical Storm Tracks by the ECMWF and NCEP Ensemble Prediction Systems Author: Email: lsrf@mail.nerc-essc.ac.uk #12;Abstract The prediction of extratropical cyclones Prediction (NCEP) Ensemble Prediction Systems (EPS) has been investigated using an objective feature tracking

  19. Rendezvous at The Voyages of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    fibre, carbon fibre, ceramics l Energy: Batteries, fuel cells, solar, biological l Robotics: Software range s3 - 4 kt speed sEnergy: Primary battery #12;NERC Autosub Science Missions programme 1999-2001 s and open water? sHow does the wind's energy couple into the sea surface? sWhat controls the deep flow from

  20. Multi-area network analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Liang

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    State Estimation????????? 22 3.3.3 System-wide State Estimation??????????. 23 3.4 Simulation Results????????????.????... 25 3.4.1 ERCOT 4520 Bus System???????????... 26 3.4.2 IEEE 118 Bus System?????????????. 31 3.4.3 Effect of Phasor... Problem..?????????..???????. 56 5.4.1 Integrated System AC TTC Problem Formulation ?? 56 5.4.2 Hierarchical TTC Problem Formulation??????. 57 5.4.3 Solution Algorithm??????????????.. 60 5.4.4 Numerical Simulation?????????????. 63 5.4.4.1 IEEE...

  1. Procedure to Calculate NOx Reductions Using the Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database (E-Grid) Spreadsheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Im, P.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Verdict, M.; Turner, W. D.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Renewable Energy projects (EE/RE) implemented in each Power Control Area (PCA) in the ERCOT region E-GRID is a comprehensive database of environmental attributes of electric power systems. E-GRID is based on available plant-specific data for all U... in Figure 9 that three counties (i.e., Ward, McLennan, and Mitchell) rise significantly in NOx reductions during peak days when compared to annual NOx reductions (Figure 5). Table 1. EPA's EGRID table: County-wide NOx Reductions in pounds per MWh for EE/RE...

  2. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles; Kintner-Meyer, Michael

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

  3. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

  4. A Methodology for Calculating Integrated Nox Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs Across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND RENEWABLE ENERGY (EE/RE) PROGRAMS ACROSS STATE AGENCIES IN TEXAS ESL-TR-12-02-03 Faculty & Staff: Bahman Yazdani, Charles Culp, Larry Degelman, Rose Sauser, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Jaya Mukhopadhyay, Hyojin Kim, Patrick Parker, Stephen O’Neal, and David... Claridge. Students: Sung Lok Do, Kee Han Kim, Chunliu Mao, and Georgina Davis State & Federal Agencies: Theresa Gross and Rebecca Reed (PUC), Stephen Ross and Dub Taylor (SECO), Vincent Meiller(TCEQ), Warren Lasher and Dan Woodfin (ERCOT), James...

  5. Statewide Air Emissions Calculations from Wind and Other Renewables. Summary Report. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J.S.; Baltazar, J.C.; Yazdani, B.; Claridge, D.; Do, S.L.; Oh, S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the developed method for those wind farms in the ERCOT region. The total measured wind power generation in 2013 is 32,638,270 MWh/yr., which is 14.12% higher than what the same wind farms would have produced in 2008. Figure 1-3 shows the same comparison... but for the Ozone Season Period. The measured wind power generation in the OSP of 2013 is 57,622 MWh/day, which is 3.41% higher than the 2008 OSP baseline wind production. For the analysis of this year, the measured 2013 wind power generation is fairly higher...

  6. Statewide Air Emissions Calculations from Wind and Other Renewable 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, Jeff; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Bahman, Yazdani; Claridge, David; Mao, Chunliu; Sandeep, Kota

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    generation in 2008 using the developed method for those wind farms in the ERCOT region. The total measured wind power generation in 2011 is 27,970,096 MWh/yr., which is 1.98% less than what the same wind farms would have produced in 2008. Figure 1-3 shows... the same comparison but for the Ozone Season Period. The measured wind power generation in the OSP of 2011 is 57,928 MWh/day, which is 15.65% higher than the 2008 OSP baseline wind production. Especially for wind farms named BUFF_GAP_UNIT2 and SWEETWN3...

  7. Statewide Air Emissions Calculations from Wind and Other Renewables, Summary Report: A Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality for the Period September 2007 - August 2008 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilman, D.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Subbarao, K.; Culp, C.; Liu, Z.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . According to the developed models, the total MWh savings in the base year 1999 for the wind farms within the ERCOT region are 6,919,352 MWh and 15,269 MWh/day in the Ozone Season Period. The total NOx emissions reductions across all the counties amount... amounts of degradation could be observed in the measured power from Texas wind farms. Currently, the TCEQ uses a very conservative 5% degradation per year for the power output from a wind farm when making future projections from existing wind farms...

  8. Statewide Air Emissions Calculations from Wind and Other Renewables. Summary Report.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J.S.; Baltazar, J.C.; Yazdani, B.; Claridge, D.; Do, S.L.; Oh, S.

    , the capacity of installed wind turbine totals was 12,372 MW with another 7,582 MW announced for new projects by 2016. Figure 1-1 shows the growth pattern of the installed wind power capacity in Texas and their power generation in the ERCOT region from...ESL-TR-14-07-01 STATEWIDE AIR EMISSIONS CALCULATIONS FROM WIND AND OTHER RENEWABLES SUMMARY REPORT A Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality For the Period January 2013 – December 2013 Jeff...

  9. Texas Air Quality and the Role of Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edlund, C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 Time of Day N O x E m is si on s (t on s) Coal Petroleum Coke Pipeline Natural Gas Powerpoint Templates Page 7 From: ?Demand Response in ERCOT Operations,? by Paul... (2009) and IPM (2010) (SO2, NOX); MATS rule modeling platform, based on inventory used for 2005 NATA (Hg); Inventory used for 2005 NATA (other toxics). Percent of units: EPA Base Case v. 4.10 PTR 50% Over 40% of coal-burning units do not have...

  10. Going nodal is proving neither cheap nor easy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The PJM Interconnection has been successfully using nodal pricing across its vast network to provide generators and customers with superior price signals. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has been encouraging other independent system operators to use it. In 2003, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) decided that it would be a good idea. But the effort to switch, scheduled for completion by the end of 2008, has turned out to be technically challenging and costly. Some officials believe that the nodal process is misguided.

  11. Some Considerations on the Probability of Nuclear Fission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vandenbosch, Robert; Seaborg, Glenn T.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    om THE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION Robert Vandenbosch andON TRE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION O E Contents Abstractf is the fission threshold, and the nuclear temperature T is

  12. Automazione I Alessandro De Luca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Luca, Alessandro

    fornire energia !processo di industrializzazione energia animaleenergia eolica 18 Automazione industriale considerato come un "processo di trasformazione" che utilizza energia informazione controllo ! energia processo di erogazione o manipolazione dei tre "ingredienti" base ! energia ! processo di trasformazione

  13. Rle du CNRST dans l'accompagnement des Projets de cration d'entreprises innovantes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , - Grille de calcul - Visioconférence, - Enseignement virtuel... MARWAN #12;Le Réseau Maroc Incubation Scientifique et Technique (maître d'oeuvre) ; PARTENAIRES DU RMIE #12;- Association R&D Maroc ; - Fondation

  14. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUEIV ColloqueC5,supplCmentau Journalde Physique111,Volume 4, mai 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    en particulier de resoudre les problemes, dont la complexit6 ne permet pas de realiser le descriptif caractere qui peut 6tre observe cornme un maximum energetique local du son dont la valeur est superieure a l

  15. [1978] Desingularization of two-dimensional schemes.pdf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The raison d'6tre of this paper must lie in its methods, which rely on homology ..... (1g) Uniformization of rank two valuations by blowing up and nor- malizing .

  16. www.VadoseZoneJournal.org Vadose Zone Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vrugt, Jasper A.

    , biofuels, sustainability, and nanotechnology. Since its inception, Vadose Zone Journal has grown tre, multicomponent (reactive) transport modeling, radionuclide transport, multiphase flow, recharge in arid transport, remote sensing of vadose zone properties, hillslope hydrology, gas diffusion, environmental

  17. fredag 4. jun 2004 Matematik er en smuk videnskab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Johan P.

    nogen anden videnskab. I dag gæster en af verdens førende matematikere, Isadore M. Singer, Danmark. Tre franskmanden Jean-Pierre Serre. Han besøgte Danmark sidste efterår i forbindelse med pristildelingen. I år

  18. PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5) :10 (1971). World Alternative Energy Strategies Project,01' resources, and alternative energy technologies 's1wh asmeaS1treS and alternative energy systems to indimduals,

  19. N d'ordre : 0099 Anne : 2008 Thse de Doctorat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . VIDO Maître de conférence à l'IUP GEII de Cergy Pontoise Jury P. BROCHET Professeur des universités à l

  20. Anisotropy and relaxation in nematic liquid crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segatti, Antonio

    in collaboration with Antonio di Carlo - Universit`a di Roma Tre Stefano Turzi - Politecnico di Milano Paolo their equilibrium values Paolo Biscari Pavia, Mar 2014 9/25 #12;Monte-Carlo simulations of intermolecular distance

  1. Annual Energy Outlook 2012

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. 1 2 3 4 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 6 7 1. ERCT TRE All...

  2. Superior reclama regime de exceo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    - tre as instituições de Ensino Superior e o Governo. Reito- res e presidentes de institu- tos de Estado respondeu afirmativamen- te, referindo que as contas seriam feitas e os orçamen- tos das

  3. Buzzz n 3 avril 2007 Campagne de sensibilisation sur la pollution automobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanjean, Louis

    Buzzz n° 3 avril 2007 Campagne de sensibilisation sur la pollution automobile A la Faculté des affiches et des tracts d'information sur la pollution automobile. "Sur le premier kilomètre, une voiture

  4. Sminaire Pcsi, novembre 2004, Montpellier, France 1 A. Richard, P. Caron, J.Y. Jamin, T. Ruf (diteurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    *, Mostafa ERRAHJ* *Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture, Meknès, Maroc **Cirad, Montpellier, France Résumé -- L'un périmètre irrigué au nord du Maroc que les schémas hydrauliques ont laissé en dehors des zones desservies éclairage, à travers l'étude de cas d'un périmètre irrigué en grande hydraulique au Maroc, sur les attitudes

  5. A New Arm of the GSC: the RCN4GSC and Curation of MIGS-compliant Data (GSC8 Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, Dawn [NERC; Sterk, Peter [NERC

    2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding Research Coordination Network from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Dawn Field of the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology briefly describes RCN4GSC and Peter Sterk of the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology follows with a talk on curation of MIGS-compliant data at the Genomic Standards Consortium 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 9, 2009.

  6. A New Arm of the GSC: the RCN4GSC and Curation of MIGS-compliant Data (GSC8 Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Field, Dawn [NERC]; Sterk, Peter [NERC

    2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding Research Coordination Network from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Dawn Field of the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology briefly describes RCN4GSC and Peter Sterk of the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology follows with a talk on curation of MIGS-compliant data at the Genomic Standards Consortium 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 9, 2009.

  7. Electric power monthly, March 1998 with data for December 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

  8. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2004-2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Confidence Commitment Cooperation These are words that spring to mind regarding Southwestern Power Administration’s performance during fiscal years (FY) 2004-2006 By offering innovative, customer-oriented service, working to improve system reliability and efficiency, and partnering with customers and other Federal power stakeholders, Southwestern has certainly exhibited all three of these qualities during these challenging yet productive years In fact, our cooperative working relationships were critical to our success during the severe and widespread drought conditions which prevailed throughout Southwestern’s marketing area for much of 2005-2006 When we proposed a temporary energy deferral program, our customers came on board by voluntarily taking less Federal hydropower than they were entitled to, enabling us to preserve system storage and fulfill our contract obligations during the crucial summer months of 2006 The U S Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) also helped improve our drought situation by allowing Southwestern more operational flexibility on a regional level Despite the challenges this critical drought period presented, Southwestern remained committed to fulfilling our mission and strategic goals From FY 2004 through FY 2006, we marketed and delivered all available Federal hydropower while meeting and even exceeding the reliability standards of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Our Power Operations Training Center in Springfield, Missouri, was cited as an “Example of Excellence” during a NERC readiness audit in October 2006; and as we have every year since NERC began measuring, Southwestern far exceeded the accepted NERC compliance ratings for power system operations reliability Our commitment to excellence and accountability has kept our repayment goals on target as well Revenues were sufficient to repay all annual expenses and the required principal investment in the Federal hydropower facilities Furthermore, the original investment in the Blakely Mountain Dam project in Arkansas was fully repaid at the end of FY 2006, just in time for the dam’s 50th birthday

  9. Frequency Response Analysis Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Kosterev, Dmitry; Dai, T.

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Frequency response has received a lot of attention in recent years at the national level, which culminated in the development and approval of North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) BAL-003-1 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting Reliability Standard. This report is prepared to describe the details of the work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in collaboration with the Bonneville Power Administration and Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Joint Synchronized Information Subcommittee (JSIS) to develop a frequency response analysis tool (FRAT). The document provides the details on the methodology and main features of the FRAT. The tool manages the database of under-frequency events and calculates the frequency response baseline. Frequency response calculations are consistent with frequency response measure (FRM) in NERC BAL-003-1 for an interconnection and balancing authority. The FRAT can use both phasor measurement unit (PMU) data, where available, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) data. The tool is also capable of automatically generating NERC Frequency Response Survey (FRS) forms required by BAL-003-1 Standard.

  10. Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porter, K.

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO (NYISO)-were examined to determine the impact on intermittent renewable energy projects such as wind energy generators. Also, a more general look was taken at how biomass power may fare in RTOs, specifically whether these technologies can participate in ancillary service markets. Lastly, an assessment was made regarding the implications for renewable energy technologies of a Northeast-wide RTO that would combine the three existing Northeast ISOs (the aforementioned PJM and NYISOs, as well as ISO New England).

  11. L'hlium est donc beaucoup plus difficile liqufier que l'hydro-gne dont le point critique est d'environ -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    372 L'hélium est donc beaucoup plus difficile à liquéfier que l'hydro- gène dont le point critique près. L'auteur en conclut que le thermomètre à hydro- gène peut servir à déterminer les basses résistance servent à la détermination des températures, est enfermé dans le réservoir du thermomètre à hydro

  12. The effects of fall and spring burning on water quality and vegetative cover in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garza, Nick Ernest

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TRE EPFECTS OF FALL AND SPRING BURNING ON WATER QUALITY AND VEGETATIVE COVER IN TRE POST OAK SAVANNAH OF TEKAS A Thesis by NICK ERNEST GARZA Jr. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1983 Major Subject: Range Science THE EFFECTS OF FALL AND SPRING BURNING ON WATER QUALITY AND VEGETATIVE COVER IN THE POST OAK SAVANNAH OF TEXAS A Thesis by NICK ERNEST GARZA Jr. Approved as to style...

  13. Thtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperu gnral ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Théâtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperçu général �ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK Sorbonne Nouvelle ­ Paris 3, UMR 7528 « Mondes iranien et indien » L'Iran possède à la fois un théâtre rituel encore très vivace siècle, ne doit rien à l'Occident. La question de l'existence d'un théâtre indigène en Iran s

  14. Energy and water in the Western and Texas interconnects.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidwell, Vincent Carroll

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity has initiated a $60M program to assist the electric industry in interconnection-level analysis and planning. The objective of this effort is to facilitate the development or strengthening of capabilities in each of the three interconnections serving the lower 48 states of the United States, to prepare analyses of transmission requirements under a broad range of alternative futures and develop long-term interconnection-wide transmission expansion plans. The interconnections are the Western Interconnection, the Eastern Interconnection, and the Texas Interconnection. One element of this program address the support and development of an integrated energy-water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning (the Eastern Interconnection is not participating in this element). Specific objectives include: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between members of this proposal team and the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and ERCOT. The goals of this project are: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between Western Electricity Coordinating Council, Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Western Governors Association, and Western States Water Council. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water transmission planning scenarios.

  15. Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task One Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report for task one of the tail event analysis project for BPA. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, the imbalance between generation and load becomes very significant. This type of events occurs infrequently and appears on the tails of the distribution of system power imbalance; therefore, is referred to as tail events. This report analyzes what happened during the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) reliability event on February 26, 2008, which was widely reported because of the involvement of wind generation. The objective is to identify sources of the problem, solutions to it and potential improvements that can be made to the system. Lessons learned from the analysis include the following: (1) Large mismatch between generation and load can be caused by load forecast error, wind forecast error and generation scheduling control error on traditional generators, or a combination of all of the above; (2) The capability of system balancing resources should be evaluated both in capacity (MW) and in ramp rate (MW/min), and be procured accordingly to meet both requirements. The resources need to be able to cover a range corresponding to the variability of load and wind in the system, additional to other uncertainties; (3) Unexpected ramps caused by load and wind can both become the cause leading to serious issues; (4) A look-ahead tool evaluating system balancing requirement during real-time operations and comparing that with available system resources should be very helpful to system operators in predicting the forthcoming of similar events and planning ahead; and (5) Demand response (only load reduction in ERCOT event) can effectively reduce load-generation mismatch and terminate frequency deviation in an emergency situation.

  16. Electric power monthly, October 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

  17. Electric power monthly, May 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  18. Electric power monthly, February 1998 with data for November 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  19. Electric Power Monthly, September 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

  20. Electric power monthly, April 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  1. Impacts Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities and Regional US Power Grids: Part 1: Technical Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Schneider, Kevin P.; Pratt, Robert G.

    2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This initial paper estimates the regional percentages of the energy requirements for the U.S. light duty vehicle stock that could be supported by the existing grid, based on 12 NERC regions. This paper also discusses the impact of overall emissions of criteria gases and greenhouse gases as a result of shifting emission from millions of tailpipes to a relatively few power plants. The paper concludes with an outlook of the technology requirements necessary to manage the additional and potentially sizable new load to maintain grid reliability.

  2. Planning for Profitable Dairying.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, A. C.; Stone, B. H.; Leighton, R. E.; Carpenter, S. E.

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cow. I'llc amount of grazing furnished by oats-vetch itFt Tcxas varies with weather and fertilizer ites. Cooperating farmers averaged SO to 90 01 winter and spring grazing for one cow from rc of oats-vetch. I'licjc grazing yields were used... system and sufficient with 30 cows or less provided silage was not gronVn. bulk storage to hold 2 days production. The number Otherwise, 2-row tractors were the rule and nerc 1 I of milking units and the capacity of the bulk tank common for even...

  3. Electric power monthly, January 1991. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

  4. Property:EIA/861/OperatesGeneratingPlant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicleNercRfc

  5. Property:EIA/861/Ownership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicleNercRfcOwnership

  6. Property:Email | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid Jump to: navigation,AltFuelVehicle2 JumpNercSercProperty

  7. 1) Un'onda monocromatica polarizzata, con componenti del campo elettrico uguali a: Ex = (1/2)1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    ad angolo variabile e il secondo orientato a 45° rispetto all'asse x. Ricavare l'espressione dell orizzontale). Inseriamo tra i due polarizzatori due lamine a mezza onda, la prima con l'asse veloce ruotato di passa attraverso un sistema ottico costituito da tre elementi, nell'ordine: - una lamina a /2 con l'asse

  8. INNOVAZIONE E TRASFERIMENTO TECNOLOGICO Il 2006 ha visto una ridefinizione strategica e un potenziamento di obiettivi, strumenti, attivit e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    secondo tre assi principali: Asse 1 Realizzare il trasferimento e valorizzare economicamente i trovati e sovrintendono all'istruttoria delle iniziative. Asse 2 Stabilire relazioni con le realtà esterne, promuovendo progetti e conoscenze. Asse 3 Promuovere la capacità di sviluppare una conoscenza e una capacità

  9. Numerical Modeling of Hydro-acoustic Waves In Weakly Compressible Fluid Ali Abdolali1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    Numerical Modeling of Hydro-acoustic Waves In Weakly Compressible Fluid Ali Abdolali1,2 , James T of Civil Engineering, University of Roma Tre Low-frequency hydro-acoustic waves are precursors of tsunamis. Detection of hydro-acoustic waves generated due to the water column compression triggered by sudden seabed

  10. Cliff Hagan Baseball Stadium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    ) Shared Sidewalk (2.0 mi) Shared Use Trail (0.8 mi) Proposed Bicycle Lane (3.5 mi) Proposed Shared Use rospectAve Lyndhurst Pl Kalm ia Ave E M axwell St SunsetDr Galaxie Dr Uhlan Ct Fern Ave Elm Tre e Ln

  11. valseur absolue, quand l'intensit elle-mme est faible, que Iors-qu'elle est plus grande.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PELTIER; PAR M. E. BOUTY. Dans deux Mémoires antérieurs (1) j'ai établi : i° que les dépôts galvaniques de Peltier se produit à la surface de contact d'une électrode et d'un électrolyte. De nouvelles hauteur du liquide dans le vase est peu supérieure à celle du thermomè tre, de telle sorte que le cou

  12. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, .supple'ment au no 12, Tome 37, De'cembre 1976, page C6-401 MOSSBAUER LINE BROADENING IN HEXAGONAL 8-PHASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -401 MOSSBAUER LINE BROADENING IN HEXAGONAL 8-PHASE IRON ALLOYS J. M. WILLIAMS and D. I. C. PEARSON Department Mossbauer, qui, a hautes tempb ratures, peuvent 6tre tous caracterises par une interaction quadrupble seule with ruthenium or osmium have been studied by means of the Mossbauer effect in 57Fe. The hexagonal phase

  13. Centre de Recherches Critiques sur le Droit -CERCRID Unit associe au CNRS, rattache l'Universit Jean Monnet de Saint Etienne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    conférences, Université Jean Monnet. Olivier GOUT, Maître de conférences, Université Jean Monnet. Xavier, Gérard BLANC, Marianne COTTIN, Olivier GOUT, Xavier HAUBRY, Latékoué LAWSON-BODY, Jean-Louis POURRET

  14. Influence de la pression hydrostatique sur les spectres de diffusion Brillouin de la thioure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Brillouin ne subissent aucune modification lors du passage dans les zones où le paramètre 03B4 se bloque sur apparait une nouvelle phase (VI) qui correspond a la valeur 6 = 1/3, [6, 7J. La structure demeure donc

  15. On Routing Schemes for Switch-Based In-Vehicle Shuhui Yang, Wei Li, and Wei Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    electronic systems, communication in the system was performed by mechanical or hydraulic means. A modern-time communications in automotive systems. The "control-by-wire" feature [WNSS04] [Tre02] is being realized, and real-time constraints. We show that these conditions can be easily satisfied in existing systems. Hence

  16. ULTIMO CONCERTO STAGIONE SINFONICA 2010/2011 gioved 30 Giugno 2011 ore 21.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    si rivela un concerto d'uccelli (allegro) intonato da tre violini, il riposo del pastore con il suo cane (largo) e la danza finale (allegro). Il violino solista rappresenta un pastore addormentato, le da lontano nella calura estiva (allegro non molto allegro), quindi il pastore che si spaventa per l

  17. The AmAzing Journey of Columbia River Salmon B O N N E V I L

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 WAiTing To hATch 1 reneWing The cycLe 10 reTurn ing To spAWning grounds 9 cLimbing fish LAdders 8 sWimming upsTreAm 7 Living in The oceAn 6 yolk sac redd alevin 3 Five...

  18. CONVENZIONE TRA L'ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    CONVENZIONE TRA L'ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA E L'UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI, l'Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (di seguito "INGV") promuove e svolge attività di stata sottoscritta, per tre anni, una convenzione tra l'Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia e

  19. BEMS assisted tools adapted to BEMS assisted tools adapted to Initial and Continuous Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viaud, B.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Configuration OKD?faut R?ceptionEmission Transmission CPL Ma?tre Configuration R??metteurN?1 Etat des entr?es logiques / analogiques N?2N?3N?4 MCT 51034 N? de s?rie Adresse site 00 ou X Transmetteur CPL X2D PYRAM A30 ? Pour ventilo- convecteursPYRAM A11 ? Pour...

  20. Gene Expression Profiling of 3T3-L1 Adipocytes Expressing the Mitochondrial Uncoupling Protein 1 (UCP1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senocak, Fatih

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    of Microarray Data?????????? 8 Construction of RevTRE-UCP2 Vector?????????? 9 IV RESULTS??????????????????????.? 10 viii CHAPTER Page V CONCLUSIONS???????????????????? 12 REFERENCES??..??????????????????????? 13 APPENDIX..., understanding the biology of WAT is important for developing therapeutic strategies for obesity and related complications. In eukaryotic cells, mitochondria are considered to be the ?powerhouse of the cell? due to their ability to generate the majority...

  1. Istituzioni di Matematica C. d. L. in Biotecnologie 1. Un brodo di coltura `e infetto da N0 batteri. Le cellule dei batteri si dividono

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achilles, Rüdiger

    da N0 batteri. Le cellule dei batteri si dividono ogni tre ore. (a) Quanti batteri ci saranno nel brodo dopo 24 h? (b) Determinare il parametro (in h-1 ) in modo tale che il numero N dei batteri parametro µ (in h-1 ) in modo tale che il numero N dei batteri presenti dopo t ore possa essere approssimata

  2. SUIVI EXPERIMENTAL MULTI-PARAMETRES DE L'EFFONDREMENT D'UNE CAVITE SALINE SITE DE CERVILLE-BUISSONCOURT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    périmètre de la concession minière de Cerville-Buissoncourt appartenant à la société SOLVAY. La méthode d bassin salifère de Nancy (54, France), dans une concession propriété de Solvay. La géologie

  3. Romain DESCENDRE Ecole normale suprieure de Lyon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , continuò ad istigare un'energica politica antipapale. Questa si affermò principalmente mediante tre tipi di giurisdizionale. Sarpi vi svolse un ruolo decisivo, contribuendo a definire una vera e propria politica dell a collocare la guerra nel cuore della riflessione politica, riallacciandosi alla tradizione politica italiana

  4. Separating expansion from contraction: generalized TOV condition, LTB models with pressure and CDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , we adopt the Generalised Painlevé-Gullstrand (hereafter GPG) formalism used in Lasky & Lun [6], which TO LTB MODELS IN GPG SYSTEM We consider a spherically symmetric Generalised Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi metric to include pressure. Performing an ADM 3+1 splitting in the GPG coordinates [6] , the metric reads ds2 = -(t

  5. 1go.warwick.ac.uk/engineering ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    1go.warwick.ac.uk/engineering 2012-13 ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE BROCHURE #12;2 Engineering Prospectus 2012-13 "BECAUSE ENGINEERING IS INEXTRICABLY TIED TO PEOPLE, IT CANNOT BE JUST AN APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCE; IT IS ALSO AN APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCE. ... (THE ENGINEER'S)... RAISON D'Ã?TRE IS TO SERVE

  6. J Phys. III FYance 7 (1997) 387-404 FEBRUARY 1997, PAGE 387 Pr(diction des v)brations du stator d'une Inachine h r41uctance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Reluctance Motor ID-S-S R M.), different causes of vibrations are considered In this kind of machine and of static converter on vibration and acoustic noise emitted by the D-S-S-R M (*) Auteur auquel doit @tre) PACS.84.50.+d Electric motors PACS.85 70 Ay Magnetic device characterization, design, and modeling PACS

  7. Water Resources Water Quality and Water Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Water Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 2nd November, 2011 #12;OVERVIEW Water Quality WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TRE OVERVIEW OF THE LECTURE 1. Water Distribution Schemes Hand Pump

  8. waTer economics. environmenTand Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    41 cenTre for waTer economics. environmenTand Policy "Men and nature must work hand in hand and public policy insights for the supply, demand, management, and governance of water CWEEP pronounced `sweep' as in to survey so as to obtain a whole and continuous view of the world #12;42 waTer is a cri

  9. Student Research Abstract: Trustworthy Remote Entities in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Student Research Abstract: Trustworthy Remote Entities in the Smart Grid Andrew J. Paverd to enhance user privacy by introducing a novel element into the smart grid architecture. The Trustworthy a group of smart meters and the external smart grid entities. The TRE enhances user privacy by providing

  10. TREKiSM Issue 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kirk? Someon e ~ p lease t urn off the TV; I think I'm go ing to be sick G · STAR TRE~: The Comic Strip For those of . you who have · been searching unsUccessfully for the Sunday Star Trek comics, a newspaper has been found to v.rhich you can...

  11. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C10, suppl6ment au no12, Tome 46, decembre 1985 page C10-835

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    anc6tre comune entre l e s d6veloppments du l e groupe de True11 5 l a U n i v e r s i t i de Brown flaw scattering models t o deal with questions of probability o f flaw detection and ultrasonic NDE

  12. U ne rapide recension bibliographique sur la Tunisie et le Maroc laisse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    U ne rapide recension bibliographique sur la Tunisie et le Maroc laisse apparaître que tradition et. La France moderne serait là au secours d'une Tunisie et d'un Maroc traditionnels incapables de s) affirme par exemple qu'au Maroc, 1. Nombreux sont les auteurs qui convoquent l'une ou l'autre dans le

  13. Virginie DONIER 45 D Avenue de l'observatoire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanjean, Louis

    . Donier), L'Harmattan, collection Grale, 2012, 280 pages. Articles, contributions, notes de jurisprudence. Donier, à paraître, L'Harmattan, 2012, p 11-15. #12;3 « Le service public de la justice en proie à la

  14. Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

  15. CantoblancoNoticiasdelaUniversidadAutnomadeMadrid Nmero7Mayo1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    más interés suscitaron en- tre los participantes fueron el informe del Rector, la reforma de los proyecto de Comercio Justo, las encuestas al profesorado, la condena de ac- tos que atentan contra la de la comunidad universitaria el informe sobre las actividades y la gestión realizadas en la Autónoma

  16. Assessment of Potential Contribution of Woodland Creation to Mitigating the Impacts of Agriculture on Water Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PLANTS WATER TRE WATER QUALITY MONITORING NETWORK I Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) hasEF) promotes basin-wide pollution control strategies. It liaises with State Water Pollution Control BoardsWater Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute

  17. Anna Jensen, DTU Side 1 August 2004 ITRF, ETRS, EUREF89 og WGS84

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B.O. Jensen Informatik og Matematisk Modellering Danmarks Tekniske Universitet Til praktisk brug er Danmark. Det eksisterende System 34, fra 1930'erne, og ED50, fra 1950'erne, er i Danmark begge realiseret defineret i tre dimensioner. Dette behov var ikke kun tydeligt i Danmark, men også i resten af verden

  18. Religion det 21. rhundredes udfordring I det 20. rhundrede begyndte religion s smt at g af mode som forskningsfelt. Efter 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . De tre antologier er 'Gudstro i Danmark' (2005), 'Gudebilleder ­Ytringsfrihed og religion i en forskelligt. Forfatterne i 'Gudstro i Danmark' behandler, som titlen også antyder, danskernes forståelse af. Peter Lüchau leverer som den første i 'Gudstro i Danmark' et overbevisende argument

  19. 4 VIDEN SNDAG 26. JUNI 2011 POLITIKEN Udlndinge spillede for-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosegaard, Klaus

    hidtil antaget, da vikingekonger gjorde Danmark til en samlet stat i løbet af 900- og 1000-tallet. Det Tre markante vikingekonger Gorm den Gamle - formentlig Danmarks første egentlige konge. Harald Blåtand - samler Danmark, opfører en række borge. Svend Tveskæg - sætter for alvor gang i vikingetogterne. År 908

  20. Amerikanske Cynthia Selin har valgt at uddanne sig til forsker p Ris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    valgt at gennemføre en tre-årig forskerud- dannelse (ph.d.) i Danmark. "Derfor er der mindre interesse i Danmark i 1999, og begyndte på sit ph.d.-studie i april 2001. "I starten følte jeg mig mest som en stude

  1. Sensitivity Study of a Semi-automatic Supervised Classifier Applied to Minerals from X-Ray Mapping Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyngby, Denmark aa@imm.dtu.dk Harald Flesche Norsk Hydro Research Centre N-5020 Bergen, Norway Harald.Flesche@nho.hydro to a small area in order to allow for the estimation of a variance-covariance matrix. This expansion is presently used as a routine petrographi- cal analysis method at Norsk Hydro Research Cen- tre. 1

  2. PECO: une croissance expose En 2007, la croissance est reste dynamique en Europe de l'Est, dpassant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    plupart des Nouveaux pays membres (NPM), les perspec- tives de croissance restent favorables pour 2008 et * : ralentissement en douceur Dans la plupart des NPM, la croissance s'est maintenue à un très haut niveau en 2007, a fait renaître un risque inflationniste dans l'ensemble des NPM. Les pays baltes présentent ainsi d

  3. UNIVERSITE DE NICE-SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS ECOLE DOCTORALE MARCHES ET ORGANISATIONS : DROIT-ECONOMIE-GESTION (ED 244)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITE DE NICE-SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS ECOLE DOCTORALE MARCHES ET ORGANISATIONS : DROIT Laurence SAGLIETTO, Maître de Conférences (HDR), Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis Monsieur Jacques SPINDLER, Professeur des Universités, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis Rapporteurs Monsieur Gérald NARO

  4. D f c ^ o o o 0 g TD)TJ(^/m..

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nuclear Research Cen- tre, Atomic Energy of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt. ISBN 87-550-1102-0 ISSN 0106-2840 Grafisk Dilatometry (SID). Comparative measurements with these techniques showed that too high activation energies the controlling mechanism and its activation energy can be determined in a single exper-- (continued on next page

  5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS William Emanuel, Virginia Dale, and John Aber made helpful suggestions on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    * *oint. Decomposition and soil nitrogen availability are calculated from organic matter quantity is a function of leaf biomass of all taller tre* *es. Degree days and the availabilities of light and water and hence carbon a* *ccu- mulation in biomass. The probability of a tree's dying increases with age and s

  6. Intro d u ctio n 1. In tro d u ctio n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    `eme est au coe u r du programme international LO IC Z (Land O cean Interactions in th e C oastal Z one'´etu des actu ellement en d´eveloppement. Pou r prendre u n au tre ex emple malh eu reu sement bien connu

  7. ENSC-(n d'ordre) THESE DE DOCTORAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Encadrant A. MIRAOUI G. BARAKAT M. HECQUET S. MEZANI M. GABSI Y. AMARA L. VIDO Professeur des universités, et Lionel Vido, Maître de conférences à l'Université IUP GEII de Cergy Pontoise, pour les réflexions

  8. N d'ordre : 223 Prsente en vue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    conférences HDR, ENS Cachan Bretagne, SATIE Examinateur Lionel VIDO, Maître de conférences, Université de Universités de l'Université Lille 1 qui nous a fait l'honneur de présider la soutenance et, M. Lionel Vido

  9. A COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT FOR ACTORS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 A COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT FOR ACTORS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT �ve ROSS Maître de conférences facilitating a collaborative environment in the field of architecture and urban design. Desk research by way in an international effort. Keywords: Territorial intelligence, 3D virtual collaborative environment, sustainable

  10. Le Lait (1980), LX, 635-644 Recherche d'aflatoxine Ml dans les poudres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - cole analytique utilise 50 g de poudre de lactosérum, ce qui revient à effectuer l'examen sur environ - ondes longues 366 mm). Toute tache suspecte est repérée et dosée au fluorodensitomètre Vernon en se

  11. Prova scritta finale 19 giugno 2013 Istituzioni di Fisica della Materia Prof. Lorenzo Marrucci anno accademico 2012-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrucci, Lorenzo

    direzione positiva dell'asse x (siamo in 1D) in una regione in cui l'energia potenziale è nulla (regione I in tale regione. Lungo il suo percorso, l'elettrone trova a un certo punto una barriera di potenziale.3 nm). Determinare: (b) l'espressione della funzione d'onda nelle tre regioni I, II e III; (c) le

  12. THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1 sous le sceau de l'Universit Europenne de Bretagne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Sabatier, Toulouse Jean-Marc MENAUD / Examinateur Maître de Conférences, HDR, Ecole des Mines de Nantes at the COST Action IC804. I also thank Jean-Marc Menaud, Jean-Louis Pazat, and Michael Schöttner for taking

  13. THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1 sous le sceau de l'Universit Europenne de Bretagne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Louis PAZAT Professeur, INSA de Rennes Président Jean-Marc MENAUD Maître de conférence, Ecole des Mines de thank to reviewers, Dr. Jean-Marc Menaud and Prof. Philippe Collet for spending time to review my thesis

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 13411355, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/1341/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to rotational Raman scattering, includes a new cloud scheme, and uses the GOME measured effective albedo the WOUDC (World Ozone and UV Radiation Data Cen- tre) that collects total ozone measurements from a global net- work of stations covering all seasons. From the global vali- dation excellent agreement between

  15. Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

  16. Dynamic Line Rating Oncor Electric Delivery Smart Grid Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Justin; Smith, Cale; Young, Mike; Donohoo, Ken; Owen, Ross; Clark, Eddit; Espejo, Raul; Aivaliotis, Sandy; Stelmak, Ron; Mohr, Ron; Barba, Cristian; Gonzalez, Guillermo; Malkin, Stuart; Dimitrova, Vessela; Ragsdale, Gary; Mitchem, Sean; Jeirath, Nakul; Loomis, Joe; Trevino, Gerardo; Syracuse, Steve; Hurst, Neil; Mereness, Matt; Johnson, Chad; Bivens, Carrie

    2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric transmission lines are the lifeline of the electric utility industry, delivering its product from source to consumer. This critical infrastructure is often constrained such that there is inadequate capacity on existing transmission lines to efficiently deliver the power to meet demand in certain areas or to transport energy from high-generation areas to high-consumption regions. When this happens, the cost of the energy rises; more costly sources of power are used to meet the demand or the system operates less reliably. These economic impacts are known as congestion, and they can amount to substantial dollars for any time frame of reference: hour, day or year. There are several solutions to the transmission constraint problem, including: construction of new generation, construction of new transmission facilities, rebuilding and reconductoring of existing transmission assets, and Dynamic Line Rating (DLR). All of these options except DLR are capital intensive, have long lead times and often experience strong public and regulatory opposition. The Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP) project co-funded by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Oncor Electric Delivery Company developed and deployed the most extensive and advanced DLR installation to demonstrate that DLR technology is capable of resolving many transmission capacity constraint problems with a system that is reliable, safe and very cost competitive. The SGDP DLR deployment is the first application of DLR technology to feed transmission line real-time dynamic ratings directly into the system operation’s State Estimator and load dispatch program, which optimizes the matching of generation with load demand on a security, reliability and economic basis. The integrated Dynamic Line Rating (iDLR)1 collects transmission line parameters at remote locations on the lines, calculates the real-time line rating based on the equivalent conductor temperature, ambient temperature and influence of wind and solar radiation on the stringing section, transmits the data to the Transmission Energy Management System, validates its integrity and passes it on to Oncor and ERCOT (Electric Reliability Council of Texas) respective system operations. The iDLR system is automatic and transparent to ERCOT System Operations, i.e., it operates in parallel with all other system status telemetry collected through Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) employed across the company.

  17. Colloque INRP 12, 13, et 14 mars 2008 l'INRP Lyon Communication J.C. Chabanne Enseigner des `attitudes' ? Une notion omniprsente

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    et artistiques « La culture humaniste contribue à la formation du jugement, du gout et de la jugement, du gout et de la sensibilité. Elle enrichit la perception du réel, ouvre l'esprit à la diversité administratifs n° 100, du 6-12-1990 : graphies de maitre, connaître, gout... #12;Colloque INRP 12, 13, et 14 mars

  18. The female protagonists in the novels of Romulo Gallegos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Susan Elizabeth

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reoeived critical acolaim. Out of his nine novels six of them contain strong female protagonists. They are Reinaldo Solar (1913), Za tre Cora (1925), Delta SCrbara (1929), ~Pobre ne o (1957), Sabre la atelea t1erla (1945), ann a brtena de a en el... ' REINALDO SOLAR ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ . . 16 Roeaura Nendeville . . . . . . . . . 16 IV. LA TREPADORA . ~ . ~ . ~ Adelsida Ssloede de Guanipa Viotoria Guanipa V. DONA BARBARA DcHa Barbara Narisela Barquero VI. POBRE NEGRO Luisana Alcorta ~ 27 27 57...

  19. A study of cytological and morphological segregation in "F 1" three-species hybrids derived from hexaploid X diploid crosses of Gossypium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memon, Abdul Rahman M.

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (b). Cytological segregation, . . . . . 69 E. Cytology of Three-Species hybrids . . . . 71 (a). Formation of excess multivalents. . . 79 (b). Cytological segregation........... .. 87 V. DISCUSSION....................................91 VI...]^^^ 29 IV. Percentage of Abnormal Pollen in G. hirsutum, arboreum, Triploids (AD)A2, Hexaploids 2(AD)]_A2 and Three-Species Hybrids AR/lTRE/E EX V. Comparison of Self- and Cross-Fertilization Tests in Hexaploids......................32 VI...

  20. Gamma ray bursts may be blueshifted bundles of the relic radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Krasi?ski

    2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A hypothesis is proposed that the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may arise by blueshifting the emission radiation of hydrogen and helium generated during the last scattering epoch. The blueshift mechanism is provided by such a Lema\\^{\\i}tre -- Tolman (L--T) model, in which the bang-time function $t_B(r)$ is not everywhere constant. Blueshift arises on \\textit{radial} rays that are emitted over regions where $\\dril{t_B} r \

  1. Gamma ray bursts may be blueshifted bundles of the relic radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krasi?ski, Andrzej

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A hypothesis is proposed that the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may arise by blueshifting the emission radiation of hydrogen and helium generated during the last scattering epoch. The blueshift mechanism is provided by such a Lema\\^{\\i}tre -- Tolman (L--T) model, in which the bang-time function $t_B(r)$ is not everywhere constant. Blueshift arises on \\textit{radial} rays that are emitted over regions where $\\dril{t_B} r \

  2. Supplementary Figure 1: ChR2-EYFP expression after fear conditioning recapitulates endogenous c-fos expression.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnitzer, Mark

    -fos expression. The c-fos-tTA mice were injected with AAV9-TRE-ChR2-EYFP targeting the DG and kept on Dox for a month prior to training. Then, they were taken off Dox for two days to open a window of activity­positive cells do not overlap. (a) DG from experimental mice kept off Dox for two days and then subjected to fear

  3. Gravitational Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Moffat

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The spontaneous violation of Lorentz and diffeomorphism invariance in a phase near the big bang lowers the entropy, allowing for an arrow of time and the second law of thermodynamics. The spontaneous symmetry breaking leads to $O(3,1)\\rightarrow O(3)\\times R$, where $O(3)$ is the rotational symmetry of the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetime. The Weyl curvature tensor $C_{\\mu\

  4. INFORMALITS NORMALISES : FACTEURS D'INTEGRATION CONOMIQUE ET SOCIALE DES BRSILIENNES EN GUYANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    'Africains échappés du Surinam (1880), forment des villages le long du fleuve Maroni. Les descendants de ces populations d'origine africaines seront les « Criollos », desquels vont naître la culture créole et l se poursuit, dans les années 1980, jusqu'en 1990, avec l'arrivée de population haïtienne, associée à

  5. Banatrace, un systme d'information gographique multi-acteurs pour la gestion et la traabilit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -1 du code rural, et établit : · des obligations de déclaration pré et post traitement, · les limites de'arrêté du 5 mars 2004 sont les habitations et jardins ; les bâtiments et parcs où des animaux sont présents'eau douce ou saumâtre ; les ruches et ruchers déclarés ; les parcs d'élevage de gibier, parcs nationaux

  6. Louvain-la-Neuve, lundi 5 mai 2013 Recherche UCL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    biomédicale. Parce qu'il avait du temps libre et que le laboratoire de physiologie se trouvait en face de son'essentiel : la structure ADN, le code génétique, ce qui est commun à tous les êtres vivants. Pour ceux qui ont », « parce que nous voulions mieux nous faire connaître et que le nom du professeur de Duve fait

  7. Journes Nationales des IAE 3 & 4 avril 2006 Montpellier Congrs du Cinquantenaire : Les Sciences de Gestion, acquis et perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Parcs Industriels Fournisseurs : des Communautés de Pratique qui signorent ? Sonia ADAM-LEDUNOIS Maître.38.49.48.68 ­ Fax : 02.38.49.48.16 ­ Email : sophie.renault@univ-orleans.fr Résumé : Cet article étudie les Parcs de proximité observés, lémergence de codes, de conventions, la conscience de lobjectif commun se

  8. PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08 Version : 00 TECHNICIEN AM�NAGEMENT INT�RIEUR Date : 01). Compétences Connaître le parc machines atelier et les matériaux utilisés ; Avoir des notions de base ; Appliquer les règles de sécurité ; #12;PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08 Version : 00 TECHNICIEN

  9. Le Mcanisme pour un Dveloppement Propre : esquisse go-environnementale de la participation du Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Canada Moïse TSAYEM DEMAZE Maître de conférences en géographie à l'Université du Maine UMR CNRS 6590 Canada associé aux pays en développement. Les données utilisées montrent qu'en janvier 2011, la Chine, l Japon et les Pays-Bas, sont les principaux pays investisseurs. La participation du Canada est quasi

  10. Myriam Catusse Les rinventions du social dans le Maroc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Myriam Catusse Les réinventions du social dans le Maroc "ajusté" Revue des mondes musulmans et de of depoliticization. Résumé : Le Maroc de l'ajustement structurel et de la libéralisation économique est le théâtre d, publiait un article intitulé «La trajectoire du Maroc indépendant : une panne de l'ascenseur social

  11. Economies d'eau en Systmes IRrigus au Maghreb. Deuxime atelier rgional du projet Sirma, Marrakech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Marrakech, Maroc, 29-31 mai 2006. Exploitation des eaux souterraines dans le périmètre irrigué de Tadla (Maroc) Etat des lieux et éléments de méthodologie pour contribuer à une réflexion sur une gestion(4) (1) IAV Hassan II, Rabat, Maroc (2) Cirad/IAV, Rabat, Maroc (3) ENA Meknes, Meknes, Maroc (4

  12. Serge Marlet et Pierre Ruelle (diteurs scientifiques), 2002. Vers une matrise des impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    souterraines et des sols dans le périmètre irrigué du Tadla, au Maroc Aziz BELLOUTI*, Fatima CHERKAOUI valeur agricole du Tadla, BP 244, Fquih Ben Salah, Maroc ** Ecole nationale d'agriculture de Meknès, BP S/40, rue Haj Kadour, Meknès, Maroc *** Institut agronomique et vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat, Maroc

  13. The female protagonists in the novels of Romulo Gallegos 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Susan Elizabeth

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reoeived critical acolaim. Out of his nine novels six of them contain strong female protagonists. They are Reinaldo Solar (1913), Za tre Cora (1925), Delta SCrbara (1929), ~Pobre ne o (1957), Sabre la atelea t1erla (1945), ann a brtena de a en el... ' REINALDO SOLAR ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ . . 16 Roeaura Nendeville . . . . . . . . . 16 IV. LA TREPADORA . ~ . ~ . ~ Adelsida Ssloede de Guanipa Viotoria Guanipa V. DONA BARBARA DcHa Barbara Narisela Barquero VI. POBRE NEGRO Luisana Alcorta ~ 27 27 57...

  14. L'URANIUM ET LES ARMES L'URANIUM APPAUVRI. Pierre Roussel*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    L'URANIUM ET LES ARMES � L'URANIUM APPAUVRI. Pierre Roussel* Institut de Physique Nucléaire, CNRS massivement dans la guerre du Golfe, des obus anti- chars ont été utilisés, avec des "charges d'uranium, avec une charge de 300 g d'uranium et tiré par des avions, l'autre de 120 mm de diamètre avec une

  15. Esercizi di Matematica Discreta --CdS in Informatica, a.a.2003-2004 Funzioni composte e funzioni invertibili

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Esercizi di Matematica Discreta -- CdS in Informatica, a.a.2003-2004 Funzioni composte e funzioni´e dominio e codominio delle tre funzioni sono uguali, si possono costruire 6 funzioni composte, hanno tutte(h(x)) = h(-x) = x. Solo le due funzioni composte h f e f h sono uguali. 5 #12;Es.3 g f : Z � Z Z � Z `e

  16. DETTE,STRATEGIES MATRIMONIALES ET INSTITUTION D'HERITIER :SUR L'ELITE PAYSANNE LOMBARDE AU IXe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    aboutissent à restreindre l'autonomie de la paysannerie, voire, dans certains cas, à la faire disparaître détenteurs de terre. Cela n'avait pas été le cas jusqu'alors, sauf dans les régions d'implantation massive du grand domaine, c'est-à-dire essentiellement en Gaule du Nord. Pour illustrer ces propos, je me propose

  17. Evaluating recreational fisheries for an endangered species: a case study of taimen,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vander Zanden, Jake

    dans les pe^ches sportives lors- qu'il y a peu de donne´es, ce qui est tre`s souvent le cas, me^me dans´e, les enjeux sont plus importants et les ressources de gestion moindres. Nous combinons une expe, Hucho taimen), une espe`ce menace´e, dans le nord de la Mongolie. Le mode`le nous permet d'e´valuer l

  18. Project PROCEED and Continuous Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, K. C.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ (I.a.'I To opU.i.. ? d.orpUon b.d cycl. tl..... 1'.2.101 fa opUni.. hut tre.t1ng cyela ti..... ~ ?? 2.111 To .11.1n.t. dOllllla proc???ln., 1n he.t tr??tln.,. 11.2.121 To d.v.lop .tr.t'91?? tor efficient .chedllUn9 .hutdovn ln b...

  19. Version finale avant publication. Publie in Weller Jean-Marc, Comment ranger son bureau ? Le fonctionnaire, l'agriculteur, le droit et l'argent , Rseaux, 2012/1 n 171, p. 67-101. DOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , croulant sous d'improbables piles de papiers mais jurant qu'il ne faut rien toucher à ce désordre, sous prétexte qu'il dissimulerait, en vérité, un ordonnancement délicat ? La question du rangement peut paraître incroyable phénomène qu'est l'invention du « bureau moderne ». Né au tournant du siècle dernier, il s

  20. Informations sur le(s) auteur(s) Prnom, NOM et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ici comment il a envisagé les différentes études à mener autour du compositeur Louis Grénon (1734 Grénon (1734-1769). Originaire de Saintes, il occupa successivement plusieurs postes, comme beaucoup de musiciens de son temps. Maître de chapelle aux cathédrales du Puy-en-Velay puis de Clermont, il regagna

  1. la cellule en cuivre en contact avec l'hydrogne liquide (fig. 3). La liaison entre la cellule et le rservoir tritium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    et le réservoir tritium gazeux est un tube d'acier inoxydable de 2 mm de diamètre. Les essais au tritium, dont le point triple est de 20,3 ~K (communiqué par J. K. Seagrave). Afin d'éviter une solidification dangereuse du tritium, une pressurisation de 0 à 100 g~cm2 environ est prévue sur le cryostat à

  2. Wood Burning Combined Cycle Power Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culley, J. W.; Bourgeois, H. S.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Portland General Electric ~f Portland, Oregon was sponsored to perform the design study with project management provided by F. W. Braun Engineers of Hillsboro, Oregon. rpe Fern Engineering Division of Thomassen U.S. of Bourne, Massachusetts provided... the gas turbin~, process evaluation and control support. Hauge International of Portland, Maine provided tre design input for the ceramic heat exchanger. 782 ESL-IE-84-04-136 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference...

  3. Exploration of Novel Fuels for Gas Turbine (ENV-406) Modeling of T60 Test Rig with Diesel & Biodiesel Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Biodiesel Fuels Mémoire Mina Youssef Maîtrise en génie mécanique Maître ès sciences (M.Sc.) Québec, Canada de biodiesel B20. La matrice de test numérique constitue de quatre cas d'écoulement réactifs c to simulate the liquid combustion of conventional and non- conventional biodiesel fuels, in particularly the B

  4. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 187 90s-AN ACT T O P R O H I B I T PIRHZS\\'61 BY STEAM VESSELS WIT'R

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BY STEAM VESSELS WIT'R WEIRRED O R PURSE CJEINES IN ANY O F THE WAWERS WITHIN THE JURISDICTION O F TRE, That it shall not be lawfuI for any person with steam ves- sels to take with purse or shirred nets any menhaden directed by scction four of this act j and the said steam vessel used and employed in the conmission

  5. Prova scritta finale 19 giugno 2009 Istituzioni di Fisica della Materia Prof. Lorenzo Marrucci anno accademico 2008-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrucci, Lorenzo

    direzione positiva dell'asse x (siamo in 1D) in una regione in cui l'energia potenziale è nulla (regione I in tale regione. Ad un certo istante l'elettrone emette un fotone e "salta" ad un'energia E = 0. Calcolare. Determinare (c) l'espressione della funzione d'onda nelle tre regioni I, II e III, esprimendola in termini di

  6. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    “Renewable energy” isn’t just a catchphrase at Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern). It describes the hydroelectric energy we market, and the energy that Southwestern’s employees bring to work every day, constantly challenging themselves to become more eff ective and effi cient in providing aff ordable, environmentally clean power to the American people. As Southwestern’s new Administrator, I have had the opportunity to view our operations from a fresh perspective, and I’m proud to share with you how a focus on continual improvement has been evident in accomplishments throughout the agency during fi scal year (FY) 2007. When the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) implemented new reliability standards, we met applicable implementation dates and exceeded NERC’s control performance standards throughout the year. When tasked with reducing the agency’s carbon footprint, we found ways to achieve an 8.7% reduction in energy intensity from last year without impacting our operational capabilities. And when faced with record-breaking infl ows into the reservoir projects from which we market power, we capitalized on the opportunity to provide customers with signifi cant quantities of supplemental energy. Our supplemental sales this year not only saved customers over $122 million, but increased Southwestern’s revenues -- a huge win-win for Southwestern’s ratepayers and the Nation’s taxpayers alike. Southwestern is proud of its role in protecting National and economic security by contributing to the diverse supply of domestically produced energy, operating and maintaining a safe and reliable transmission system, and ensuring good stewardship of our Nation’s water resources and environment. In FY 2007, Southwestern continued to repay all power costs to the American taxpayers by marketing and delivering approximately 5.6 billion kilowatthours of hydropower at cost-based rates to customers in our six-state region. This energy was generated from the 24 Federal hydroelectric projects in our marketing region, producing annual revenues of $161 million. In this time of rising energy costs, the Nation’s need for renewable energy has never been greater. Hydropower – and the people of Southwestern – stand ready to help meet that need.

  7. Spinning Reserve from Pump Load: A Technical Findings Report to the California Department of Water Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, BJ

    2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), at the request of the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy, is investigating opportunities for electrical load to provide the ancillary service of spinning reserve to the electric grid. The load would provide this service by stopping for a short time when there is a contingency on the grid such as a transmission line or generator outage. There is a possibility that a significant portion of the California Independent System Operator's (CAISO's) spinning reserve requirement could be supplied from the California Department of Water Resources (CDWR) pumping load. Spinning reserve has never been supplied from load before, and rule changes would be needed to allow it. In this report, we are presenting technical findings on the possibility of supplying spinning reserve from pumping system load. In parallel, we are pursuing the needed rule changes with the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), and the CAISO. NERC and FERC have agreed that they have no prohibition against supplying spinning reserve from load. The WECC Minimum Operability Reliability Criteria working group has agreed that the concept should be considered, and they are presently discussing the needed tariff and rule changes. Presently, spinning reserve is provided by generation that is actually spinning but is operating at low power levels and can be ramped up quickly to provide reserve power. In a sense, this is an inefficient and environmentally unfriendly way of providing reserves because it requires the generator to operate at a low power level that may be inefficient and may discharge more pollutants per kW than operating at rated power. It would be better if this generation capacity were in a position to bid into the energy market. Providing an additional supply of spinning reserve would tend to reduce prices for both reserves and the regular electric energy market. The CAISO is presently in the process of redesigning its market rules for ancillary services. The time is right to pursue this opportunity to supply spinning reserve from load. It is our hope that the CDWR will endorse this recommendation. ORNL will then work with FERC, NERC, WECC, and the CAISO to obtain the needed rule changes. This project would provide the CDWR with another option in the complex process of obtaining its energy at the lowest possible cost, while at the same time providing more flexibility to the ISO and relief to the energy market. After this project is implemented in California, we hope that the practice spreads across the nation, allowing much more flexibility in energy markets and increasing the availability of reserve services.

  8. Short run effects of a price on carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. electric generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Newcomer; Seth A. Blumsack; Jay Apt; Lester B. Lave; M. Granger Morgan [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The price of delivered electricity will rise if generators have to pay for carbon dioxide emissions through an implicit or explicit mechanism. There are two main effects that a substantial price on CO{sub 2} emissions would have in the short run (before the generation fleet changes significantly). First, consumers would react to increased price by buying less, described by their price elasticity of demand. Second, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions would change the order in which existing generators are economically dispatched, depending on their carbon dioxide emissions and marginal fuel prices. Both the price increase and dispatch changes depend on the mix of generation technologies and fuels in the region available for dispatch, although the consumer response to higher prices is the dominant effect. We estimate that the instantaneous imposition of a price of $35 per metric ton on CO{sub 2} emissions would lead to a 10% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in PJM and MISO at a price elasticity of -0.1. Reductions in ERCOT would be about one-third as large. Thus, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions that has been shown in earlier work to stimulate investment in new generation technology also provides significant CO{sub 2} reductions before new technology is deployed at large scale. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. RTO Briefing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steve Wiese

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 Transmission Updates The summary of this report is: (1) Small generators are not happy with FERC's Small Generator Interconnection NOPR, saying the proposed rule ignores much of the consensus developed between small generators and transmission owners during the ANOPR process. California wind generators seek clarification that repowering an existing facility or changing contract terms would not trigger a reevaluation of the interconnection. (2) The choices of former Alliance companies about which RTO to join, MISO or PJM, and whether they can obtain approval from states to do so, has created such a tangle that FERC held two days of hearings at the end of September on the issues and options for resolving them. But in addition to some constructive input, the hearings produced even more uncertainty, with transmission companies announcing their need to reassess their own RTO commitments depending on the decisions of others. (3) In the West, the Seams Steering Group--Western Interconnection (SSG-WI) completed a west-wide transmission study with a renewable energy scenario, the California ISO received FERC's approval on its market redesign proposal, and RTO West worked toward finalizing high-level consensus documents describing Day 1 implementation of the proposed RTO. (4) In Texas, ERCOT began $157 million in upgrades to the transmission system around McCamey--increasing capacity in and out of the area enough to handle existing wind projects there.

  10. The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicolosi, Marco; Mills, Andrew D; Wiser, Ryan H

    2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditionally, modeling investment and dispatch problems in electricity economics has been limited by computation power. Due to this limitation, simplifications are applied. One common practice, for example, is to reduce the temporal resolution of the dispatch by clustering similar load levels. The increase of intermittent electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) changes the validity of this assumption. RES-E already cover a certain amount of the total demand. This leaves an increasingly volatile residual demand to be matched by the conventional power market. This paper quantifies differences in investment decisions by applying three different time-resolution residual load patterns in an investment and dispatch power system model. The model optimizes investment decisions in five year steps between today and 2030 with residual load levels for 8760, 288 and 16 time slices per year. The market under consideration is the four zone ERCOT market in Texas. The results show that investment decisions significantly differ across the three scenarios. In particular, investments into base-load technologies are substantially reduced in the high resolution scenario (8760 residual load levels) relative to the scenarios with lower temporal resolution. Additionally, the amount of RES-E curtailment and the market value of RES-E exhibit noteworthy differences.

  11. Assessment of Wind/Solar Co-located Generation in Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven M. Wiese

    2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper evaluates the opportunity to load co-located wind and solar generation capacity onto a constrained transmission system while engendering only minimal losses. It quantifies the economic and energy opportunities and costs associated with pursuing this strategy in two Texas locations �¢���� one in west Texas and the other in south Texas. The study builds upon previous work published by the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) which illuminated the potential benefits of negative correlation of wind and solar generation in some locations by quantifying the economic and energy losses which would arise from deployment of solar generation in areas with existing wind generation and constrained transmission capacity. Clean Energy Associates (CEA) obtained and incorporated wind and solar resource data and the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT)) load and price data into a model which evaluates varying levels of solar thermal, solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind capacity against an assumed transmission capacity limit at each of the two locations.

  12. Ramp Forecasting Performance from Improved Short-Term Wind Power Forecasting: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J.; Florita, A.; Hodge, B. M.; Freedman, J.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The variable and uncertain nature of wind generation presents a new concern to power system operators. One of the biggest concerns associated with integrating a large amount of wind power into the grid is the ability to handle large ramps in wind power output. Large ramps can significantly influence system economics and reliability, on which power system operators place primary emphasis. The Wind Forecasting Improvement Project (WFIP) was performed to improve wind power forecasts and determine the value of these improvements to grid operators. This paper evaluates the performance of improved short-term wind power ramp forecasting. The study is performed for the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) by comparing the experimental WFIP forecast to the current short-term wind power forecast (STWPF). Four types of significant wind power ramps are employed in the study; these are based on the power change magnitude, direction, and duration. The swinging door algorithm is adopted to extract ramp events from actual and forecasted wind power time series. The results show that the experimental short-term wind power forecasts improve the accuracy of the wind power ramp forecasting, especially during the summer.

  13. Near-term implications of a ban on new coal-fired power plants in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Newcomer; Jay Apt [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Large numbers of proposed new coal power generators in the United States have been cancelled, and some states have prohibited new coal power generators. We examine the effects on the U.S. electric power system of banning the construction of coal-fired electricity generators, which has been proposed as a means to reduce U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions. The model simulates load growth, resource planning, and economic dispatch of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (ISO), Inc., Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and PJM under a ban on new coal generation and uses an economic dispatch model to calculate the resulting changes in dispatch order, CO{sub 2} emissions, and fuel use under three near-term (until 2030) future electric power sector scenarios. A national ban on new coal-fired power plants does not lead to CO{sub 2} reductions of the scale required under proposed federal legislation such as Lieberman-Warner but would greatly increase the fraction of time when natural gas sets the price of electricity, even with aggressive wind and demand response policies. 50 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  14. Electric power monthly, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the U.S., Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. This April 1994 issue contains 1993 year-end data and data through January 1994.

  15. Electric power monthly, May 1998, with data for February 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974. The EPM provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 30 refs., 58 tabs.

  16. Electric power monthly, August 1998, with data for May 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 9 refs., 57 tabs.

  17. Electric power monthly, December 1996 with data for September 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  18. Electric power monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 68 tabs.

  19. Electric power monthly, June 1998, with data for March 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and Us levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 5 refs., 57 tabs.

  20. Electric power monthly with data for January 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  1. Electric power monthly: April 1996, with data for January 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 64 tabs.

  2. Electric power monthly, August 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  3. Electric power monthly, March 1999 with data for December 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be sued in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

  4. Electric power monthly, September 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  5. Electric power monthly, September 1996, with data for June 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  6. Electric Power Monthly, September 1995: With data for June 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  7. Electric power monthly with data for December 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  8. Electric power monthly, July 1999, with data for April 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM). This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 1 fig., 64 tabs.

  9. Electric power monthly, December 1997 with data for September 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  10. Electric power monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

  11. Electric power monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

  12. Electric power monthly with data for October 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  13. Electric power monthly, May 1995 with data for February 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisiommakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuel, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  14. The Genomes and Metagenomes (GEM) Catalogue (first presentation) and The ISA-GCDML Workshop (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, Dawn [NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology; Sansone, Susanna [EBI

    2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding ''Research Coordination Network'' from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Dawn Field of the NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology briefly introduces the GEM Catalogue, followed by Susanna Sansone of the European Bioinformatics Institute who talks about the ISA-GCDML workshop at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 9, 2009.

  15. Improving Dynamic Load and Generator Response PerformanceTools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a scoping study to examine research opportunities to improve the accuracy of the system dynamic load and generator models, data and performance assessment tools used by CAISO operations engineers and planning engineers, as well as those used by their counterparts at the California utilities, to establish safe operating margins. Model-based simulations are commonly used to assess the impact of credible contingencies in order to determine system operating limits (path ratings, etc.) to ensure compliance with NERC and WECC reliability requirements. Improved models and a better understanding of the impact of uncertainties in these models will increase the reliability of grid operations by allowing operators to more accurately study system voltage problems and the dynamic stability response of the system to disturbances.

  16. Performance Evaluation of Phasor Measurement Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Zhenyu; Kasztenny, Bogdan; Madani, Vahid; Martin, Kenneth E.; Meliopoulos, Sakis; Novosel, Damir; Stenbakken, Jerry

    2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    After two decades of phasor network deployment, phasor measurements are now available at many major substations and power plants. The North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI), supported by both the US Department of Energy and the North American Electricity Reliability Council (NERC), provides a forum to facilitate the efforts in phasor technology in North America. Phasor applications have been explored and some are in today’s utility practice. IEEE C37.118 Standard is a milestone in standardizing phasor measurements and defining performance requirements. To comply with IEEE C37.118 and to better understand the impact of phasor quality on applications, the NASPI Performance and Standards Task Team (PSTT) initiated and accomplished the development of two important documents to address characterization of PMUs and instrumentation channels, which leverage prior work (esp. in WECC) and international experience. This paper summarizes the accomplished PSTT work and presents the methods for phasor measurement evaluation.

  17. Generic solar photovoltaic system dynamic simulation model specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, Abraham; Behnke, Michael Robert; Elliott, Ryan Thomas

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is intended to serve as a specification for generic solar photovoltaic (PV) system positive-sequence dynamic models to be implemented by software developers and approved by the WECC MVWG for use in bulk system dynamic simulations in accordance with NERC MOD standards. Two specific dynamic models are included in the scope of this document. The first, a Central Station PV System model, is intended to capture the most important dynamic characteristics of large scale (> 10 MW) PV systems with a central Point of Interconnection (POI) at the transmission level. The second, a Distributed PV System model, is intended to represent an aggregation of smaller, distribution-connected systems that comprise a portion of a composite load that might be modeled at a transmission load bus.

  18. The Genomes and Metagenomes (GEM) Catalogue (first presentation) and The ISA-GCDML Workshop (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Field, Dawn [NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology]; Sansone, Susanna [EBI

    2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding ''Research Coordination Network'' from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Dawn Field of the NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology briefly introduces the GEM Catalogue, followed by Susanna Sansone of the European Bioinformatics Institute who talks about the ISA-GCDML workshop at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 9, 2009.

  19. Epigenetic involvement of Alien/ESET complex in thyroid hormone-mediated repression of E2F1 gene expression and cell proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Wei, E-mail: hongwei@tijmu.edu.cn [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China) [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); College of Basic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); Li, Jinru; Wang, Bo [College of Basic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China)] [College of Basic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); Chen, Linfeng [Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, 02115 MA (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, 02115 MA (United States); Niu, Wenyan; Yao, Zhi [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China)] [Department of Immunology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin (China); Baniahmad, Aria, E-mail: aban@mti.uni-jena.de [Institute for Human Genetics, Jena University Hospital, 07740 Jena (Germany)] [Institute for Human Genetics, Jena University Hospital, 07740 Jena (Germany)

    2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Corepressor Alien interacts with histone methyltransferase ESET in vivo. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Alien/ESET complex is recruited to nTRE of T3-responsive gene by liganded TR{beta}1. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ESET-mediated H3K9 methylation is required for liganded TR{beta}1-repressed transcription. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ESET is involved in T3-repressed G1/S phase transition and proliferation. -- Abstract: The ligand-bound thyroid hormone receptor (TR) is known to repress via a negative TRE (nTRE) the expression of E2F1, a key transcription factor that controls the G1/S phase transition. Alien has been identified as a novel interacting factor of E2F1 and acts as a corepressor of E2F1. The detailed molecular mechanism by which Alien inhibits E2F1 gene expression remains unclear. Here, we report that the histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methyltransferase (HMT) ESET is an integral component of the corepressor Alien complex and the Alien/ESET complex is recruited to both sites, the E2F1 and the nTRE site of the E2F1 gene while the recruitment to the negative thyroid hormone response element (nTRE) is induced by the ligand-bound TR{beta}1 within the E2F1 gene promoter. We show that, overexpression of ESET promotes, whereas knockdown of ESET releases, the inhibition of TR{beta}1-regulated gene transcription upon T3 stimulation; and H3K9 methylation is required for TR{beta}1-repressed transcription. Furthermore, depletion of ESET impairs thyroid hormone-repressed proliferation as well as the G1/S transition of the cell cycle. Taken together, our data indicate that ESET is involved in TR{beta}1-mediated transcription repression and provide a molecular basis of thyroid hormone-induced repression of proliferation.

  20. The effect of strip-mining and reclamation on small mammal communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waggoner, Kenneth Van

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TRE EFFECT OF STRIP-MINING AND RECLAMATION ON SMALL ~L CO?iUITIES A Thesis Kenneth Van Waggoner Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December...!lvisory Com?d?tee: Dr. Devi!J J. Schmidly ~our 1!abitats on snd. around a strip ? mine Jn East-central Texas vere sam?pl d foz sma'll mammals by a mar1!-recapture grid study Lo deter?ine the effccn of strip-m~zing operation= on te. restria1 ecosystems...

  1. An analysis of attitudes of teachers in selected Texas public schools toward the Negro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Jennie Russell

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ifferonces in social groups. perdiasnd Toonnies, sa early Qernsn analytical sociologist, said that sll social relations I Robia M. Willi~, dr. , kne icea gociet, Alfred k. Kaofp, Nsw Tork, lggg, p. 28S. are creations of hmaa will, of which there are two... OF SCIE?CE August 1966 Ma)or Sub)act: Sociology AM AMALYSIS OP ATTITUDES OF TEACHERS IE SELECTED TEIAS PURLXC SCMOOLS 'XCMARD TRE MECRO Jeanie Rossell Welsh Approved as to style end eoeteat by: Q?, Q / p. (Road of Doper t) er) (Mseber) (Moebor...

  2. Comprehension and abridgement of English prose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Betty Marie Cummings

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prose passages, agan Francisco" and uBuena-I and Ralo, " were employed in this study. The frequency of every word in each passage was detersnined by an IBM 360/65 computer using a computer program written in Fortran IV-G language. The resulting data... ] angl hwisc. ac:ross standard (8-1/2" x 11") paper. The boxes in each row were numbered from 1 to 40. In the third phase of the experiment, materials consist ed of t!re traditional (T) plus eight telegraphic versions of "Buena-I and Ralo" (Martin...

  3. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C3, supplkment au n09, Tome 48, septembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    law of s c a t t e r i n g function, t h e spinodal theory and the dynamic scaling law. Article n ~ ) / i ) range (0.06rqr6 nm-1) w i t h tRe pulsed c o l d neutron small anqle scatterinq u n c t i o n p t t h e high $ side iin o t o i i y proportional t o q-2, q-4 an! 4-6.but i t obeys

  4. Hog Fuel Drying Using Vapour Recompression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azarniouch, M. K.; MacEachen, I.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    complicated and capital intensive drying process, yields a product of approximately 15% moisture, which due to its particle size, may only be burnt in suspension. iii) From an energy standpotnt the processes are inefficient as only a fractton... fuel. TR.e evaporated moisture is sep rated from the dried hog fuel-oil slurry n 768 ESL-IE-84-04-133 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference Volume II, Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 l'ltlwr d separate vessel...

  5. Laboratoire d'Identifi-cation et de modlisa-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Génie minéral, �cole Mohammadia d'ingénieurs, BP 765, Rabat-Agdal, MAROC Mohamed Faouzi et Abdelkader nappe phréatique des Beni-Amir (Tadla, Maroc) Les contacts IngénieriesN°27­p.23à36 Septembre2001 L e périmètre des Béni-Amir (Tadla) est l'un des plus anciens périmètres irrigués du Maroc. Sa première mise en

  6. MAT 2717 -Processus stochastiques Chapitre 2 Partie 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessard, Sabin

    Pii Pii 1 - Pii autre état que i temps n 0 Figure 28: Temps de séjour à un état i d'une chaîne de) = Pk-1 ii (1 - Pii), et par conséquent Pr(Si > l) = kl+1 Pr(Si = k) = Pl ii, pour tout l 0. · Le temps de séjour Si est donc une variable aléatoire discrète qui suit une loi géométrique de paramètre 1-Pii

  7. A study of the distribution of fatty acids in the system: cottonseed oil-oleic acid-isopropanol-water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamb, Frank E

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF THE DISTHIBUTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN THE SYSTEM: COTTONSEED OIL - OLEIC ACID - ISOFHOPANOL - WATER A Thesis By Frank E. Lamb January 1948 A STUDY QF TNE DISTRIBUTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN TRE SYSTEM: COTTONSEED OII, - OIEIC ACID - ISOPROPANOL...A STDDY OF THI' DISTBIRliTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN THE SYSTEM: COTTONSFED OIL - OLEIC ACID - ISOPBOPANOL - YlATEB A Thesis Frank E. Lomb January 1948 Approval as to style and content recommended: Head ' t Te epartm nt of hem cal Engineer ng A...

  8. RECONSTRUCTION POST-CONFLIT VIOLENCE ET POLITIQUE EN COTE D'IVOIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    RECONSTRUCTION « POST-CONFLIT » VIOLENCE ET POLITIQUE EN COTE D'IVOIRE Richard Banégas* Marquée par plus 10 années de crise politico-militaire, la Côte d'Ivoire semble aujourd'hui renaître de ses cendres redéploiement de l'administration dans les régions du nord jusqu'alors sous contrôle des insurgés va bon train

  9. Expected accuracy in a measurement of the CKM angle alpha using a Dalitz plot analysis of B0 ---> rho pi decays in the BTeV project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shestermanov, K.E.; Vasiliev, A.N; /Serpukhov, IHEP; Butler, J.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Kasper, P.; Kiselev, V.V.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Kubota, Y.; Kutschke, R.; Matulenko, Y.A.; Minaev, N.G.; /Serpukhov, IHEP /Fermilab /Minnesota U. /Syracuse U. /INFN, Milan

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A precise measurement of the angle {alpha} in the CKM triangle is very important for a complete test of Standard Model. A theoretically clean method to extract {alpha} is provided by B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{pi} decays. Monte Carlo simulations to obtain the BTeV reconstruction efficiency and to estimate the signal to background ratio for these decays were performed. Finally the time-dependent Dalitz plot analysis, using the isospin amplitude formalism for tre and penguin contributions, was carried out. It was shown that in one year of data taking BTeV could achieve an accuracy on {alpha} better than 5{sup o}.

  10. contre sel et eau De nombreux deltas jalonnent les rivages de la Mditerrane.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plus importants, celui du Nil, du Rhône, du Pô et de l'�bre. Ils subissent naturellement des phénomènes de crue (eau douce ou salée) et d'assèchement sur des périodes plus longues que dans les plaines artificiel Pour cultiver les sols, il a d'abord été nécessaire d'évacuer l'eau saumâtre de ces milieux

  11. Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coughlin, Katie; Eto, J.H.

    2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study we develop and apply new methods of data analysis for high resolution wind power and system load time series, to improve our understanding of how to characterize highly variable wind power output and the correlations between wind power and load. These methods are applied to wind and load data from the ERCOT region, and wind power output from the PJM and NYISO areas. We use a wavelet transform to apply mathematically well-defined operations of smoothing and differencing to the time series data. This approach produces a set of time series of the changes in wind power and load (or ?deltas?), over a range of times scales from a few seconds to approximately one hour. A number of statistical measures of these time series are calculated. We present sample distributions, and devise a method for fitting the empirical distribution shape in the tails. We also evaluate the degree of serial correlation, and linear correlation between wind and load. Our examination of the data shows clearly that the deltas do not follow a Gaussian shape; the distribution is exponential near the center and appears to follow a power law for larger fluctuations. Gaussian distributions are frequently used in modeling studies. These are likely to over-estimate the probability of small to moderate deviations. This in turn may lead to an over-estimation of the additional reserve requirement (hence the cost) for high penetration of wind. The Gaussian assumption provides no meaningful information about the real likelihood of large fluctuations. The possibility of a power law distribution is interesting because it suggests that the distribution shape for of wind power fluctuations may become independent of system size for large enough systems.

  12. Enabling Technologies for High Penetration of Wind and Solar Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High penetration of variable wind and solar electricity generation will require modifications to the electric power system. This work examines the impacts of variable generation, including uncertainty, ramp rate, ramp range, and potentially excess generation. Time-series simulations were performed in the Texas (ERCOT) grid where different mixes of wind, solar photovoltaic and concentrating solar power provide up to 80% of the electric demand. Different enabling technologies were examined, including conventional generator flexibility, demand response, load shifting, and energy storage. A variety of combinations of these technologies enabled low levels of surplus or curtailed wind and solar generation depending on the desired penetration of renewable sources. At lower levels of penetration (up to about 30% on an energy basis) increasing flexible generation, combined with demand response may be sufficient to accommodate variability and uncertainty. Introduction of load-shifting through real-time pricing or other market mechanisms further increases the penetration of variable generation. The limited time coincidence of wind and solar generation presents increasing challenges as these sources provide greater than 50% of total demand. System flexibility must be increased to the point of virtually eliminating must-run baseload generators during periods of high wind and solar generation. Energy storage also becomes increasingly important as lower cost flexibility options are exhausted. The study examines three classes of energy storage - electricity storage, including batteries and pumped hydro, hybrid storage (compressed-air energy storage), and thermal energy storage. Ignoring long-distance transmission options, a combination of load shifting and storage equal to about 12 hours of average demand may keep renewable energy curtailment below 10% in the simulated system.

  13. Assessing the Value of Regulation Resources Based on Their Time Response Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai; Ma, Jian; Nguyen, Tony B.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fast responsive regulation resources are potentially more valuable as a power system regulation resource (more efficient) because they allow applying controls at the exact moment and in the exact amount as needed. Faster control is desirable because it facilitates more reliable compliance with the NERC Control Performance Standards at relatively lesser regulation capacity procurements. The current California ISO practices and markets do not provide a differentiation among the regulation resources based on their speed of response (with the exception of some minimum ramping capabilities). Some demand response technologies, including some generation and energy storage resources, can provide quicker control actions. California ISO practices and markets could be updated to welcome more fast regulation resources into the California ISO service area. The project work reported in this work was pursuing the following objectives: • Develop methodology to assess the relative value of generation resources used for regulation and load following California ISO functions • This assessment should be done based on physical characteristics including the ability to quickly change their output following California ISO signals • Evaluate what power is worth on different time scales • Analyze the benefits of new regulation resources to provide effective compliance with the mandatory NERC Control Performance Standards • Evaluate impacts of the newly proposed BAAL and FRR standards on the potential value of fast regulation and distributed regulation resources • Develop a scope for the follow-up projects to pave a road for the new efficient types of balancing resources in California. The work included the following studies: • Analysis of California ISO regulating units characteristics • California ISO automatic generation system (AGC) analysis • California ISO regulation procurement and market analysis • Fast regulation efficiency analysis • Projection of the California ISO load following and regulation requirements into the future • Value of fast responsive resources depending on their ramping capability • Potential impacts of the balancing authority area control error limit (BAAL), which is a part of the newly proposed NERC standard “Balancing Resources and Demand” • Potential impacts of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) frequency responsive reserve (FRR) standard • Recommendations for the next phase of the project. The following main conclusions and suggestions for the future have been made: • The analysis of regulation ramping requirements shows that the regulation system should be able to provide ramps of at least 40-60 MW per minute for a period up to 6 minutes. • Evaluate if changes are needed in the California ISO AGC system to effectively accommodate new types of fast regulation resources and minimize the California ISO regulation procurement. • California ISO may consider creating better market opportunities for and incentives for fast responsive resources. • An additional study of low probability high ramp events can be recommended to the California ISO. • The California ISO may be willing to consider establishing a more relaxed target CPS2 compliance level. • A BAAL-related study can be recommended for the California ISO as soon as more clarity is achieved concerning the actual enforcement of the BAAL standard and its numerical values for the California ISO. The study may involve an assessment of advantages of the distributed frequency-based control for the California ISO system. The market-related issues that arise in this connection can be also investigated. • A FRR-related study can be recommended for the California ISO as soon as more clarity is achieved concerning the actual enforcement of the FRR standard and its numerical values for the California ISO.

  14. Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts onRegional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the aftermath of the consumer price shocks and short-term power shortages of the 2000-01 electricity crisis, policymakers and regulators in Western states are placing increased emphasis on integrated resource planning (IRP), resource adequacy and assessment and a diversified portfolio of resources to meet the needs of electricity consumers. In some states, this has led to a resurgence in state and utility commitments to energy efficiency. Increasing interest in acquiring energy efficiency as a power-system resource is also driven by the desire to dampen high growth rates in electricity demand in some Western states, rapid increases in natural gas prices, concerns about the environmental impacts of electricity generation (e.g. water consumption by power plants, air quality), and the potential of energy efficiency to provide utility bill savings for households and businesses (WGA CDEAC 2006). Recognizing the cost-competitiveness and environmental benefits of energy efficiency, the Western Governor's Association (WGA) has set a high priority for energy efficiency, establishing a goal of reducing projected electricity demand by 20% across the West by 2020 in a policy resolution on Clean and Diversified Energy for the West (WGA 2004). Nationally, the need for improved tracking of demand-side resources in load forecasting is formalized in the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC)'s recently adopted reliability standards, which utilities and regional reliability organizations will need to comply with (NERC 2005a and 2005b). In this study, we examine the treatment of energy efficiency in recent resource plans issued by fourteen investor-owned utilities (IOUs) in the Western United States and Canada. The goals of this study are to: (1) summarize energy-efficiency resources as represented in a large sample of recent resource plans prepared by Western utilities and identify key issues; (2) evaluate the extent to which the information provided in current resource plans can be used to support region-wide resource assessment and tracking of state/utility progress in meeting the WGA's energy-efficiency goals (WGA 2004); and (3) offer recommendations on information and documentation of energy-efficiency resources that should be included in future resource plans to facilitate comparative review and regional coordination. The scope of this report covers projected electric end-use efficiency investments reported in all Western utility resource plans that were publicly available as of February 2006. While a few utilities included additional demand-side resources, such as demand response, in their plans, we do not report that information. However, many of the issues and recommendations in reference to energy efficiency in this report are relevant to other demand-side resources as well. This report is organized as follows. Section 2 outlines the data sources and approach used in this study and conceptualizes methods and metrics for tracking energy-efficiency resources over time. Section 3 presents results from the review of the utility resource plans. Important issues encountered in reviewing the resource plans are discussed in section 4. Finally, section 5 concludes with recommendations for improving the tracking and reporting of energy efficiency in forthcoming resource plans.

  15. Price Differences in a Durable Products Secondary Market: A Hedonic Price Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fumasi, Roland J

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    DiJYodddhvbFi,tre thDiJorseodddhfiJJ tDurL,tbDH,tre thDiJ o OtusNoFiN FU toFU orMruLrOuLuFaoiSoFUibyrseyoiSoby eoM UuDL yoStiJo M taoDits toiSoFU o DibsFtahoofisybJ tyort osioLisN toDisSus eoFioLuJuFusNoFU utoy rtDUoDiyFyoOaoyFrausNo c LiDrLYoryoFU ao...FurLoy rtDUoDiyFyoO Fd sos dorseoby eoJrtH FyonfL Jisyo ForLoxggxRhookUuL o FUuyoDibLeomiF sFurLLaoyUuSFoyiJ oOba tyYoe m seusNoisomt S t sD yYordraoStiJoFU os do JrtH ForseousFioFU oby eYouFoyrayosiFUusNorOibFoNrususNoJrtH Fomid towithinoFU oby eo Jrt...

  16. Electric power monthly, October 1998, with data for July 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  17. Electric power monthly: October 1996, with data for July 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. This report contains approximately 60 tables.

  18. Electric power monthly: October 1995, with data for July 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  19. Electric power monthly, October 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  20. Electric power monthly, June 1999, with data for March 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  1. Electric power monthly, November 1998, with data for August 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  2. Electric Power Monthly, July 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost in fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 12 refs., 4 figs., 48 tabs.

  3. Electric power monthly, May 1999, with data for February 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 64 tabs.

  4. Electric power monthly, January 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  5. Electric power monthly, February 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EMP) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  6. Electric power monthly, April 1999 with data for January 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  7. Electric power monthly, September 1998, with data for June 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  8. Initial Studies Toward Real-Time Transmission Path Rating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Ruchi; Diao, Ruisheng; Cai, Niannian; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuck, Brian; Guo, Xinxin

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand continues to increase while transmission line construction is being constrained by multiple factors— economic, environmental, and political. Effective and efficient utilization of transmission lines is thus of great importance in an open access environment. Large blocks of power are transferred from areas with inexpensive generation to heavy load demand areas or areas with high generation costs. This results in some transmission paths being loaded closer to their path ratings, which limits further power transfer between areas. Traditionally, rating of important paths was determined off line by assuming the worst-case study scenario; once determined, it could be used for years. With increasing uncertainty arising from rapid growth of renewable energy and smart technologies, path rating studies are needed in near-real time to account for the latest system status and support a reliable and economic power grid. This paper adopts a simplified procedure based on standards of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to determine total transfer capability (TTC) or transfer limit for the purpose of demonstrating the benefits and necessity of real-time path rating. Initial studies are conducted to compute TTC of a two-area test system and a 39-bus test system. Results indicate that path rating can be significantly affected by loading conditions, generator schedules, system topology and other factors.

  9. Documentation, User Support, and Verification of Wind Turbine and Plant Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Zavadil; Vadim Zheglov; Yuriy Kazachkov; Bo Gong; Juan Sanchez; Jun Li

    2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Utility Wind Energy Integration Group (UWIG) and EnerNex's Wind Turbine Modeling Project, EnerNex has received ARRA (federal stimulus) funding through the Department of Energy (DOE) to further the progress of wind turbine and wind plant models. Despite the large existing and planned wind generation deployment, industry-standard models for wind generation have not been formally adopted. Models commonly provided for interconnection studies are not adequate for use in general transmission planning studies, where public, non-proprietary, documented and validated models are needed. NERC MOD (North American Electric Reliability Corporation) reliability standards require that power flow and dynamics models be provided, in accordance with regional requirements and procedures. The goal of this project is to accelerate the appropriate use of generic wind turbine models for transmission network analysis by: (1) Defining proposed enhancements to the generic wind turbine model structures that would allow representation of more advanced; (2) Comparative testing of the generic models against more detailed (and sometimes proprietary) versions developed by turbine vendors; (3) Developing recommended parameters for the generic models to best mimic the performance of specific commercial wind turbines; (4) Documenting results of the comparative simulations in an application guide for users; (5) Conducting technology transfer activities in regional workshops for dissemination of knowledge and information gained, and to engage electric power and wind industry personnel in the project while underway; (6) Designing of a "living" homepage to establish an online resource for transmission planners.

  10. State power plant productivity programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings of a working group formed to review the status of efforts by utilities and utility regulators to increase the availability and reliability of generating units are presented. Representatives from nine state regulatory agencies, NRRI, and DOE, participated on the Working Group. The Federal government has been working cooperatively with utilities, utility organizations, and with regulators to encourage and facilitate improvements in power plant productivity. Cooperative projects undertaken with regulatory and energy commissions in California, Illinois, New York, Ohio, Texas, North Carolina and Mighigan are described. Following initiation of these cooperative projects, DOE funded a survey to determine which states were explicitly addressing power plant productivity through the regulatory process. The Working Group was formed following completion of this survey. The Working Group emphasized the need for those power plant productivity improvements which are cost effective. The cost effectiveness of proposed availability improvement projects should be determined within the context of opportunities for operating and capital improvements available to an entire utility. The Working Group also identified the need for: allowing for plant designs that have a higher construction cost, but are also more reliable; allowing for recovery and reducing recovery lags for productivity-related capital expenditures; identifying and reducing disincentives in the regulatory process; ascertaining that utilities have sufficient money available to undertake timely maintenance; and support of EPRI and NERC to develop a relevant and accurate national data base. The DOE views these as extremely important aspects of any regulatory program to improve power plant productivity.

  11. Decision support for integrated water-energy planning.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Kobos, Peter Holmes; Castillo, Cesar; Hart, William Eugene; Klise, Geoffrey T.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, electrical power generation uses about 140 billion gallons of water per day accounting for over 39% of all freshwater withdrawals thus competing with irrigated agriculture as the leading user of water. Coupled to this water use is the required pumping, conveyance, treatment, storage and distribution of the water which requires on average 3% of all electric power generated. While water and energy use are tightly coupled, planning and management of these fundamental resources are rarely treated in an integrated fashion. Toward this need, a decision support framework has been developed that targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. The framework integrates analysis and optimization capabilities to identify trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., national, state, county, watershed, NERC region). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. Ultimately, this open and interactive modeling framework provides a tool for evaluating competing policy and technical options relevant to the energy-water nexus.

  12. Electric Power Monthly, June 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The EPM is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 40 tabs.

  13. The servant as comic relief: a key to suspense in the novels of Ann Radcliffe.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan, Elaine Lloyd

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    quiet gnawing at tl"e buck of' tne mind. where is Theresa? Mi;en will she erter tre story again? Surely he will or t!ner'e ?ould be n reason rc introduce her, or would th re? Is she rierely a tricl? In Ciiapter Sixteen 31 (of f if i'-sigh ) she... of the story (Chapter Fifty) when Zmily returns to La V" llee and f'irds Theresa there in sos. e comfort, tharks to an unknown helper wi!o has asked t'nat his !tame be wit'nl!eld. Wno can this pi!ila!. thropist be but the hero of' the story who loves Zmily...

  14. The use of 2,4-DB as a selective herbicide for broadleaf weed control in peanuts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketchersid, Mary Lou

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LW ? 2, 4-DB ~ ~ ~ ? - ? ~ LW ? 2, 4-D ce 0 0? 0 4 5 C 7 H 100? 50- io 2, 4- DB 2& 4-D o 4 5' F& %coke after Tr eirtrce. t. Fi ocr e 5. Patter a of !"ct"' o I! ie 2, 4 ? D bu. 'ic. roc i ~ 1oef;. ae!! (LW) ead tre rted 1 eef (T' ) e... An analytical procedur e wes developed to analyze fre h plant material and nuts for 2, 4-DB (4-(2, 4-dich) oropher oxy)butyr'c acid) and its metabolite 2, 4-D ((2, t-dxchlorophenoxy)acetic acid. ':. Wh. Ppl 5 t-"r. s . d e pr . st. a, A h ~t: . , I, . i t. 6...

  15. STAG UK Newsletter Issue 27 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    11h80 has been a vory activo member of STl:.G since the present cornmittu8 took OVGr in Ootobur 1975. }{(, han boun our offioial 'translator! ancl has trans lated meny Gvrmru1 articles for momburs. Theo has beon Vii th STi,G since the first year....mericianization? - 1'he treatment of Women - The Captain - etc. 4/ The Ideals of star 'l'rok: - The obvious ideals - whore the conception breaks down - D'lC:u it ';ibrk? - HO',"T - IL;,s it bc;comc ;l, rnl:Lgion? - ; he: f;_1t18 'of" St,,\\I' TreE, 5/ 't'h" Vulcan...

  16. On the geometry of cosmological model building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erhard Scholz

    2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This article analyzes the present anomalies of cosmology from the point of view of integrable Weyl geometry. It uses P.A.M. Dirac's proposal for a weak extension of general relativity, with some small adaptations. Simple models with interesting geometrical and physical properties, not belonging to the Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre class, are studied in this frame. Those with positive spatial curvature (Einstein-Weyl universes) go well together with observed mass density $\\Omega_m$, CMB, supernovae Ia data, and quasar frequencies. They suggest a physical role for an equilibrium state of the Maxwell field proposed by I.E. Segal in the 1980s (Segal background) and for a time invariant balancing condition of vacuum energy density. The latter leads to a surprising agreement with the BF-theoretical calculation proposed by C. Castro (2002).

  17. Can a void mimic the $\\Lambda$ in $\\Lambda$CDM?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundell, Peter; Vilja, Iiro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the Lema\\^{i}tre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) models, whose early time evolution and bang time are homogeneous and the distance - redshift relation and local Hubble parameter are inherited from the $\\Lambda$CDM model. We show that the obtained LTB models and the $\\Lambda$CDM model predict different relative local expansion rates and that the Hubble functions of the models diverge increasingly with redshift. The LTB models show tension between baryon acoustic oscillation and supernova observations and including cosmic microwave background observations only accentuates the better fit of the $\\Lambda$CDM model compared to the LTB model. The result indicates that additional degrees of freedom are needed to explain the observations, for example by renouncing spherical symmetry, homogeneous bang time, or the early time homogeneity assumption.

  18. The silicate absorption profile in the ISM towards the heavily obscured nucleus of NGC 4418

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roche, P F; Gonzalez-Martin, O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 9.7-micron silicate absorption profile in the interstellar medium provides important information on the physical and chemical composition of interstellar dust grains. Measurements in the Milky Way have shown that the profile in the diffuse interstellar medium is very similar to the amorphous silicate profiles found in circumstellar dust shells around late M stars, and narrower than the silicate profile in denser star-forming regions. Here, we investigate the silicate absorption profile towards the very heavily obscured nucleus of NGC 4418, the galaxy with the deepest known silicate absorption feature, and compare it to the profiles seen in the Milky Way. Comparison between the 8-13 micron spectrum obtained with TReCS on Gemini and the larger aperture spectrum obtained from the Spitzer archive indicates that the former isolates the nuclear emission, while Spitzer detects low surface brightness circumnuclear diffuse emission in addition. The silicate absorption profile towards the nucleus is very similar to...

  19. The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} mid year report, fiscal year 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is a collaborative research and development program among the US Integrated Textile Complex (ITC), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the DOE national laboratories, other federal agencies and laboratories, and universities. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry, thereby preserving and creating US jobs. Three AMTEX projects funded in FY 1997 are Diamond Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA), Computer-Aided Fabric Evaluation (CAFE), and Textile Resource Conservation (TReC). The five sites involved in AMTEX work are Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) (the latter is funded through Y-12).

  20. Muckraking elements in Frank Norris's "The Octopus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leitz, Robert Charles

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~. eauirement f' or tne o-gree oi' l'?SASH OZ J~DTS liUCiQiriKIRG 'LEREi&TS IiV EH. INK IlGRRIS' S TRE GCT01?US A Thesis by RGBERT CEP. RLES LEITZ & III Approved as to sty1e and content by: ~Vir, "i r. 'roan o~ Coizraitte' q ( r Read. . Depanl, !a nt... prooi or examples to support his statement. He says: "I y~ks Qoto s, y'o or tl d J Valley, Norri. s became quit;= emphatically, a. muck-raker, a commentator in fictional form on the "cts of the Southern pacific Railroad which w re so to arouse...

  1. Thyroid hormone receptor inhibits hepatoma cell migration through transcriptional activation of Dickkopf 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chi, Hsiang-Cheng; Liao, Chen-Hsin [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Huang, Ya-Hui [Medical Research Central, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Medical Research Central, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Wu, Sheng-Ming; Tsai, Chung-Ying; Liao, Chia-Jung; Tseng, Yi-Hsin; Lin, Yang-Hsiang; Chen, Cheng-Yi; Chung, I-Hsiao; Wu, Tzu-I [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Chen, Wei-Jan [First Cardiovascular Division, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [First Cardiovascular Division, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Lin, Kwang-Huei, E-mail: khlin@mail.cgu.edu.tw [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China)

    2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •T{sub 3} affects DKK4 mRNA and protein expression in HepG2-TR cells. •Regulation of DKK4 by T{sub 3} is at transcriptional level. •DKK4 overexpression suppresses hepatoma cell metastasis. -- Abstract: Triiodothyronine (T{sub 3}) is a potent form of thyroid hormone mediates several physiological processes including cellular growth, development, and differentiation via binding to the nuclear thyroid hormone receptor (TR). Recent studies have demonstrated critical roles of T{sub 3}/TR in tumor progression. Moreover, long-term hypothyroidism appears to be associated with the incidence of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), independent of other major HCC risk factors. Dickkopf (DKK) 4, a secreted protein that antagonizes the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, is induced by T{sub 3} at both mRNA and protein levels in HCC cell lines. However, the mechanism underlying T{sub 3}-mediated regulation of DKK4 remains unknown. In the present study, the 5? promoter region of DKK4 was serially deleted, and the reporter assay performed to localize the T{sub 3} response element (TRE). Consequently, we identified an atypical direct repeat TRE between nucleotides ?1645 and ?1629 conferring T{sub 3} responsiveness to the DKK4 gene. This region was further validated using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Stable DKK4 overexpression in SK-Hep-1 cells suppressed cell invasion and metastatic potential, both in vivo andin vitro, via reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression. Our findings collectively suggest that DKK4 upregulated by T{sub 3}/TR antagonizes the Wnt signal pathway to suppress tumor cell progression, thus providing new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying thyroid hormone activity in HCC.

  2. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dear Secretary Chu, I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008. In FY 2008, Southwestern delivered over 7.3 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers – nearly 31% more than average due to numerous record rainfall amounts in the southwest region. These record amounts produced revenues which exceeded the average annual revenue requirement by nearly $20 million and resulted in over $200 million in economic benefits to the region. Yet even as Southwestern exceeded its goals of marketing and delivering Federal hydroelectric power to our customers, we stayed focused on safety, security, and reliability. For example, we maintained our nearly 1,400 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites while achieving a Recordable Accident Frequency Rate of 0.0, a record that reflects Southwestern’s safety achievement of no recordable injuries for every 200,000 hours worked. We kept our rights-of-way secure from vegetation and other obstacles, work that not only supports our mission but also promotes reliability of the regional and National grid. We exceeded all North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Control Performance Standards (CPS- 1 and CPS-2), and maintained regulation and reserve obligations and reactive reserve margins to ensure the reliability of the bulk electric system, even during extended periods of restricted hydro operations due to unusually high project inflows. Finally, we continued our partnerships with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, our customers, and other Federal power stakeholders, partnerships that are vital to our continued success in marketing and delivering carbon-free, renewable, and domestically produced energy to our customers and to the Nation. Sincerely, Jon Worthington Administrator

  3. Southeastern Power Administration 2008 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administration’s (Southeastern’s) fiscal year (FY) 2008 Annual Report for your review. The information included in this document reflects our agency’s programs, accomplishments, operational and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2007 and ending September 30, 2008. Southeastern marketed more than 4.5 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 491 wholesale customers in ten southeastern states this past year. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled approximately $263 million. Drought conditions persisted in the southeastern region of the United States during FY 2008 placing strains on our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2008 totaled $91 million. Approximately $44 million of this amount was for replacement power which is paid only during adverse water conditions in order to meet our customers’ contract requirements. With the continued financial assistance and support of our Federal power customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ (Corps) hydroelectric projects provided much needed repairs and maintenance for these aging facilities. Southeastern’s cyber and physical security programs continued to be reviewed and updated to meet Department of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security, and North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) standards and requirements. In the coming year, Southeastern will continue open communication and cooperation with DOE, the Federal power customers, and the Corps to maximize the benefits of our region’s water resources. Although competing uses of water and the prolonged drought conditions will present another challenging year for our agency, Southeastern’s employees will meet these challenges and continue to provide reliable hydroelectric power to the people in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E.Legg Administrator

  4. Electric power monthly, July 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels. Data on quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels lag data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the US, Census division, and State level tables. However, for purposes of comparison, plant-level data are presented for the earlier month.

  5. Calibration of time-of-flight cameras for accurate intraoperative surface reconstruction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mersmann, Sven; Seitel, Alexander; Maier-Hein, Lena [Division of Medical and Biological Informatics, Junior Group Computer-assisted Interventions, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg 69120 (Germany)] [Division of Medical and Biological Informatics, Junior Group Computer-assisted Interventions, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg 69120 (Germany); Erz, Michael; Jähne, Bernd [Heidelberg Collaboratory for Image Processing (HCI), University of Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg 69115 (Germany)] [Heidelberg Collaboratory for Image Processing (HCI), University of Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg 69115 (Germany); Nickel, Felix; Mieth, Markus; Mehrabi, Arianeb [Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg 69120 (Germany)] [Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg 69120 (Germany)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: In image-guided surgery (IGS) intraoperative image acquisition of tissue shape, motion, and morphology is one of the main challenges. Recently, time-of-flight (ToF) cameras have emerged as a new means for fast range image acquisition that can be used for multimodal registration of the patient anatomy during surgery. The major drawbacks of ToF cameras are systematic errors in the image acquisition technique that compromise the quality of the measured range images. In this paper, we propose a calibration concept that, for the first time, accounts for all known systematic errors affecting the quality of ToF range images. Laboratory and in vitro experiments assess its performance in the context of IGS.Methods: For calibration the camera-related error sources depending on the sensor, the sensor temperature and the set integration time are corrected first, followed by the scene-specific errors, which are modeled as function of the measured distance, the amplitude and the radial distance to the principal point of the camera. Accounting for the high accuracy demands in IGS, we use a custom-made calibration device to provide reference distance data, the cameras are calibrated too. To evaluate the mitigation of the error, the remaining residual error after ToF depth calibration was compared with that arising from using the manufacturer routines for several state-of-the-art ToF cameras. The accuracy of reconstructed ToF surfaces was investigated after multimodal registration with computed tomography (CT) data of liver models by assessment of the target registration error (TRE) of markers introduced in the livers.Results: For the inspected distance range of up to 2 m, our calibration approach yielded a mean residual error to reference data ranging from 1.5 ± 4.3 mm for the best camera to 7.2 ± 11.0 mm. When compared to the data obtained from the manufacturer routines, the residual error was reduced by at least 78% from worst calibration result to most accurate manufacturer data. After registration of the CT data with the ToF data, the mean TRE ranged from 3.7 ± 2.1 mm for point-based and 5.7 ± 1.9 mm for surface-based registration for the best camera to 6.2 ± 3.4 and 11.1 ± 2.8 mm, respectively. Compared to data provided by the manufacturer, the mean TRE decreased by 8%–60% for point-based and by 18%–74% for surface-based registration.Conclusions: Using the proposed calibration approach improved the measurement accuracy of all investigated ToF cameras. Although evaluated in the context of intraoperative image acquisition, the proposed calibration procedure can easily be applied to other medical applications using ToF cameras, such as patient positioning or respiratory motion tracking in radiotherapy.

  6. Analysis of drought impacts on electricity production in the Western and Texas interconnections of the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harto, C. B.; Yan, Y. E.; Demissie, Y. K.; Elcock, D.; Tidwell, V. C.; Hallett, K.; Macknick, J.; Wigmosta, M. S.; Tesfa, T. K. (Environmental Science Division); (Sandia National Laboratory); (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

    2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity generation relies heavily on water resources and their availability. To examine the interdependence of energy and water in the electricity context, the impacts of a severe drought to assess the risk posed by drought to electricity generation within the western and Texas interconnections has been examined. The historical drought patterns in the western United States were analyzed, and the risk posed by drought to electricity generation within the region was evaluated. The results of this effort will be used to develop scenarios for medium- and long-term transmission modeling and planning efforts by the Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) and the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). The study was performed in response to a request developed by the Western Governors Association in conjunction with the transmission modeling teams at the participating interconnections. It is part of a U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored, national laboratory-led research effort to develop tools related to the interdependency of energy and water as part of a larger interconnection-wide transmission planning project funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This study accomplished three main objectives. It provided a thorough literature review of recent studies of drought and the potential implications for electricity generation. It analyzed historical drought patterns in the western United States and used the results to develop three design drought scenarios. Finally, it quantified the risk to electricity generation for each of eight basins for each of the three drought scenarios and considered the implications for transmission planning. Literature on drought impacts on electricity generation describes a number of examples where hydroelectric generation capacity has been limited because of drought but only a few examples of impact on thermoelectric generation. In all documented cases, shortfalls of generation were met by purchasing power from the market, albeit at higher prices. However, sufficient excess generation and transmission must be available for this strategy to work. Although power purchase was the most commonly discussed drought mitigation strategy, a total of 12 response strategies were identified in the literature, falling into four main categories: electricity supply, electricity demand response, alternative water supplies, and water demand response. Three hydrological drought scenarios were developed based on a literature review and historical data analysis. The literature review helped to identify key drought parameters and data on drought frequency and severity. Historical hydrological drought data were analyzed for the western United States to identify potential drought correlations and estimate drought parameters. The first scenario was a West-wide drought occurring in 1977; it represented a severe drought in five of the eight basins in the study area. A second drought scenario was artificially defined by selecting the conditions from the 10th-percentile drought year for each individual basin; this drought was defined in this way to allow more consistent analysis of risk to electricity generation in each basin. The final scenario was based upon the current low-flow hydro modeling scenario defined by WECC, which uses conditions from the year 2001. These scenarios were then used to quantify the risk to electricity generation in each basin. The risk calculations represent a first-order estimate of the maximum amount of electricity generation that might be lost from both hydroelectric and thermoelectric sources under a worst-case scenario. Even with the conservative methodology used, the majority of basins showed a limited amount of risk under most scenarios. The level of risk in these basins is likely to be amenable to mitigation by known strategies, combined with existing reserve generation and transmission capacity. However, the risks to the Pacific Northwest and Texas Basins require further study. The Pacific Northwest is vulnerable because of its heavy reliance on hydroelectri

  7. Interactive initialization of 2D/3D rigid registration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong, Ren Hui; Güler, Özgür [The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States)] [The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Kürklüoglu, Mustafa [Department of Cardiac Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States)] [Department of Cardiac Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Lovejoy, John [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States)] [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Yaniv, Ziv, E-mail: ZYaniv@childrensnational.org [The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 and Departments of Pediatrics and Radiology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037 (United States)] [The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 and Departments of Pediatrics and Radiology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037 (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Registration is one of the key technical components in an image-guided navigation system. A large number of 2D/3D registration algorithms have been previously proposed, but have not been able to transition into clinical practice. The authors identify the primary reason for the lack of adoption with the prerequisite for a sufficiently accurate initial transformation, mean target registration error of about 10 mm or less. In this paper, the authors present two interactive initialization approaches that provide the desired accuracy for x-ray/MR and x-ray/CT registration in the operating room setting. Methods: The authors have developed two interactive registration methods based on visual alignment of a preoperative image, MR, or CT to intraoperative x-rays. In the first approach, the operator uses a gesture based interface to align a volume rendering of the preoperative image to multiple x-rays. The second approach uses a tracked tool available as part of a navigation system. Preoperatively, a virtual replica of the tool is positioned next to the anatomical structures visible in the volumetric data. Intraoperatively, the physical tool is positioned in a similar manner and subsequently used to align a volume rendering to the x-ray images using an augmented reality (AR) approach. Both methods were assessed using three publicly available reference data sets for 2D/3D registration evaluation. Results: In the authors' experiments, the authors show that for x-ray/MR registration, the gesture based method resulted in a mean target registration error (mTRE) of 9.3 ± 5.0 mm with an average interaction time of 146.3 ± 73.0 s, and the AR-based method had mTREs of 7.2 ± 3.2 mm with interaction times of 44 ± 32 s. For x-ray/CT registration, the gesture based method resulted in a mTRE of 7.4 ± 5.0 mm with an average interaction time of 132.1 ± 66.4 s, and the AR-based method had mTREs of 8.3 ± 5.0 mm with interaction times of 58 ± 52 s. Conclusions: Based on the authors' evaluation, the authors conclude that the registration approaches are sufficiently accurate for initializing 2D/3D registration in the OR setting, both when a tracking system is not in use (gesture based approach), and when a tracking system is already in use (AR based approach)

  8. Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration -- Phase 2 Findings from the Summer of 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Nelson-Hoffman, Janine; Parker, Eric; Bernier, Clark; Young, Paul; Sheehan, Dave; Kueck, John; Kirby, Brendan

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Demand Response Spinning Reserve project is a pioneering demonstration showing that existing utility load-management assets can provide an important electricity system reliability resource known as spinning reserve. Using aggregated demand-side resources to provide spinning reserve as demonstrated in this project will give grid operators at the California Independent System Operator (CA ISO) and Southern California Edison (SCE) a powerful new tool to improve reliability, prevent rolling blackouts, and lower grid operating costs.In the first phase of this demonstration project, we target marketed SCE?s air-conditioning (AC) load-cycling program, called the Summer Discount Plan (SDP), to customers on a single SCE distribution feederand developed an external website with real-time telemetry for the aggregated loads on this feeder and conducted a large number of short-duration curtailments of participating customers? air-conditioning units to simulate provision of spinning reserve. In this second phase of the demonstration project, we explored four major elements that would be critical for this demonstration to make the transition to a commercial activity:1. We conducted load curtailments within four geographically distinct feeders to determine the transferability of target marketing approaches and better understand the performance of SCE?s load management dispatch system as well as variations in the AC use of SCE?s participating customers;2. We deployed specialized, near-real-time AC monitoring devices to improve our understanding of the aggregated load curtailments we observe on the feeders;3. We integrated information provided by the AC monitoring devices with information from SCE?s load management dispatch system to measure the time required for each step in the curtailment process; and4. We established connectivity with the CA ISO to explore the steps involved in responding to CA ISO-initiated requests for dispatch of spinning reserve.The major findings from the second phase of this demonstration are:1. Demand-response resources can provide full response significantly faster than required by NERC and WECC reliability rules.2. The aggregate impact of demand response from many small, individual sources can be estimated with varying degrees of reliability through analysis of distribution feeder loads.3. Monitoring individual AC units helps to evaluate the efficacy of the SCE load management dispatch system and better understand AC energy use by participating customers.4. Monitoring individual AC units provides an independent data source to corroborate the estimates of the magnitude of aggregate load curtailments and gives insight into results from estimation methods that rely solely on distribution feeder data.

  9. Cosmological black holes: the spherical perfect fluid collapse with pressure in a FRW background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moradi, Rahim; Mansouri, Reza

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have constructed a spherically symmetric structure model in a cosmological background filled with perfect fluid with non-vanishing pressure as an exact solution of Einstein equations using the Lema\\^{i}tre solution. To study its local and quasi-local characteristics including the novel features of its central black hole, we have suggested an algorithm to integrate the equations numerically. The result shows intriguing effects of the pressure inside the structure. The evolution of the central black hole within the FRW universe, its decoupling from the expanding parts of the model, the structure of its space-like apparent horizon, the limiting case of the dynamical horizon tending to a slowly evolving horizon, and the decreasing mass in-fall to the black hole is also studied. We have also calculated the redshift of a light emitted from nearby the cosmological structure to an observer in the FRW background and have shown that it contains both the local gravitational and the cosmological redshift with some obs...

  10. A Quantum Cosmology: No Dark Matter, Dark Energy nor Accelerating Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reginald T Cahill

    2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that modelling the universe as a pre-geometric system with emergent quantum modes, and then constructing the classical limit, we obtain a new account of space and gravity that goes beyond Newtonian gravity even in the non-relativistic limit. This account does not require dark matter to explain the spiral galaxy rotation curves, and explains as well the observed systematics of black hole masses in spherical star systems, the bore hole $g$ anomalies, gravitational lensing and so on. As well the dynamics has a Hubble expanding universe solution that gives an excellent parameter-free account of the supernovae and gamma-ray-burst red-shift data, without dark energy or dark matter. The Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) metric is derived from this dynamics, but is shown not satisfy the General Relativity based Friedmann equations. It is noted that General Relativity dynamics only permits an expanding flat 3-space solution if the energy density in the pressure-less dust approximation is non-zero. As a consequence dark energy and dark matter are required in this cosmological model, and as well the prediction of a future exponential accelerating Hubble expansion. The FLRW $\\Lambda$CDM model data-based parameter values, $\\Omega_\\Lambda=0.73$, $\\Omega_{DM}=0.27$, are derived within the quantum cosmology model, but are shown to be merely artifacts of using the Friedmann equations in fitting the red-shift data.

  11. Late-time Inhomogeneity and the Acceleration of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Moffat

    2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The inhomogeneous distribution of matter in the non-linear regime of galaxies, clusters of galaxies and voids is described by an exact, spherically symmetric inhomogeneous solution of Einstein's gravitational field equations, corresponding to an under-dense void. The solution becomes the homogeneous and isotropic Einstein-de Sitter solution for a red shift $z > 10-20$, which describes the matter dominated CMB data with small inhomogeneities. A spatial volume averaging of physical quantities is introduced and the averaged time evolution expansion parameter $\\theta$ can give rise in the late-time universe to a volume averaged deceleration parameter $$ that is negative for a positive matter density. This allows for a region of accelerated expansion which does not require a cosmological constant. A negative deceleration parameter can be derived by this volume averaging procedure from the Lema\\^{i}tre-Tolman-Bondi open void solution, which describes the late-time non-linear regime associated with galaxies and under-dense voids and solves the ``coincidence'' problem.

  12. TBC-Domain GAPs for Rab GTPases Accelerate GTP Hydrolysis by a Dual-Finger Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan,X.; Eathiraj, S.; Lambright, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rab GTPases regulate membrane trafficking by cycling between inactive (GDP-bound) and active (GTP-bound) conformations. The duration of the active state is limited by GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), which accelerate the slow intrinsic rate of GTP hydrolysis. Proteins containing TBC (Tre-2, Bub2 and Cdc16) domains are broadly conserved in eukaryotic organisms and function as GAPs for Rab GTPases as well as GTPases that control cytokinesis. An exposed arginine residue is a critical determinant of GAP activity in vitro and in vivo. It has been expected that the catalytic mechanism of TBC domains would parallel that of Ras and Rho family GAPs. Here we report crystallographic, mutational and functional analyses of complexes between Rab GTPases and the TBC domain of Gyp1p. In the crystal structure of a TBC-domain-Rab-GTPase-aluminium fluoride complex, which approximates the transition-state intermediate for GTP hydrolysis, the TBC domain supplies two catalytic residues in trans, an arginine finger analogous to Ras/Rho family GAPs and a glutamine finger that substitutes for the glutamine in the DxxGQ motif of the GTPase. The glutamine from the Rab GTPase does not stabilize the transition state as expected but instead interacts with the TBC domain. Strong conservation of both catalytic fingers indicates that most TBC-domain GAPs may accelerate GTP hydrolysis by a similar dual-finger mechanism.

  13. Modeling multi-stream flow in collisionless matter: approximations for large-scale structure beyond shell-crossing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez

    1998-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The generally held view that a model of large-scale structure, formed by collisionless matter in the Universe, can be based on the matter model ``dust'' fails in the presence of multi-stream flow, i.e., velocity dispersion. We argue that models for large-scale structure should rather be constructed for a flow which describes the average motion of a multi-stream system. We present a clearcut reasoning how to approach the problem and derive an evolution equation for the mean peculiar-velocity relative to background solutions of Friedmann-Lema\\^\\i tre type. We consider restrictions of the nonlinear problem and show that the effect of velocity dispersion gives rise to an effective viscosity of non-dissipative gravitational origin. We discuss subcases which arise naturally from this approach: the ``sticky particle model'' and the ``adhesion approximation''. We also construct a novel approximation that features adhesive action in the multi-stream regime while conserving momentum, which was considered a drawback of the standard approximation based on Burger's equation. We finally argue that the assumptions made to obtain these models should be relaxed and we discuss how this can be achieved.

  14. Noncommutative minisuperspace, gravity-driven acceleration and kinetic inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. M. Rasouli; Paulo Vargas Moniz

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we introduce a noncommutative version of the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory and obtain the Hamiltonian equations of motion for a spatially flat Friedmann--Lema\\^{\\i}tre--Robertson--Walker universe filled with a perfect fluid. We focus on the case where the scalar potential as well as the ordinary matter sector are absent. Then, we investigate gravity-driven acceleration and kinetic inflation in this noncommutative BD cosmology. In contrast to the commutative case, in which the scale factor and BD scalar field are in a power-law form, in the noncommutative case the power-law scalar factor is multiplied by a dynamical exponential warp factor. This warp factor depends on the noncommutative parameter as well as the momentum conjugate associated to the BD scalar field. We show that the BD scalar field and the scale factor effectively depend on the noncommutative parameter. For very small values of this parameter, we obtain an appropriate inflationary solution, which can overcome problems within BD standard cosmology in a more efficient manner. Furthermore, a graceful exit from an early acceleration epoch towards a decelerating radiation epoch is provided. For late times, due to the presence of the noncommutative parameter, we obtain a zero acceleration epoch, which can be interpreted as the coarse-grained explanation.

  15. A NOVEL VAPOR-PHASE PROCESS FOR DEEP DESULFURIZATION OF NAPHTHA/DIESEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.S. Turk; R.P. Gupta; S.K. Gangwal

    2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Tier 2 regulations issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) require a substantial reduction in the sulfur content of gasoline. Similar regulations have been enacted for the sulfur level in on-road diesel and recently off-road diesel. The removal of this sulfur with existing and installed technology faces technical and economic challenges. These challenges created the opportunity for new emerging technologies. Research Triangle Institute (RTI) with subcontract support from Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc., (KBR) used this opportunity to develop RTI's transport reactor naphtha desulfurization (TReND) process. Starting with a simple conceptual process design and some laboratory results that showed promise, RTI initiated an accelerated research program for sorbent development, process development, and marketing and commercialization. Sorbent development has resulted in the identification of an active and attrition resistant sorbent that has been prepared in commercial equipment in 100 lb batches. Process development has demonstrated both the sulfur removal performance and regeneration potential of this sorbent. Process development has scaled up testing from small laboratory to pilot plant transport reactor testing. Testing in the transport reactor pilot plant has demonstrated the attrition resistance, selective sulfur removal activity, and regeneration activity of this sorbent material. Marketing and commercialization activities have shown with the existing information that the process has significant capital and operating cost benefits over existing and other emerging technologies. The market assessment and analysis provided valuable feedback about the testing and performance requirements for the technical development program. This market analysis also provided a list of potential candidates for hosting a demonstration unit. Although the narrow window of opportunity generated by the new sulfur regulations and the conservative nature of the refining industry slowed progress of the demonstration unit, negotiations with potential partners are proceeding for commercialization of this process.

  16. Fast time-of-flight camera based surface registration for radiotherapy patient positioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Placht, Simon; Stancanello, Joseph; Schaller, Christian; Balda, Michael; Angelopoulou, Elli [Metrilus GmbH, Henkestr. 91, 91052 Erlangen (Germany) and Pattern Recognition Lab, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Martensstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); German Research Cancer Centre, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Metrilus GmbH, Henkestr. 91, 91052 Erlangen (Germany); Pattern Recognition Lab, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Martensstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: This work introduces a rigid registration framework for patient positioning in radiotherapy, based on real-time surface acquisition by a time-of-flight (ToF) camera. Dynamic properties of the system are also investigated for future gating/tracking strategies. Methods: A novel preregistration algorithm, based on translation and rotation-invariant features representing surface structures, was developed. Using these features, corresponding three-dimensional points were computed in order to determine initial registration parameters. These parameters became a robust input to an accelerated version of the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm for the fine-tuning of the registration result. Distance calibration and Kalman filtering were used to compensate for ToF-camera dependent noise. Additionally, the advantage of using the feature based preregistration over an ''ICP only'' strategy was evaluated, as well as the robustness of the rigid-transformation-based method to deformation. Results: The proposed surface registration method was validated using phantom data. A mean target registration error (TRE) for translations and rotations of 1.62 {+-} 1.08 mm and 0.07 deg. {+-} 0.05 deg., respectively, was achieved. There was a temporal delay of about 65 ms in the registration output, which can be seen as negligible considering the dynamics of biological systems. Feature based preregistration allowed for accurate and robust registrations even at very large initial displacements. Deformations affected the accuracy of the results, necessitating particular care in cases of deformed surfaces. Conclusions: The proposed solution is able to solve surface registration problems with an accuracy suitable for radiotherapy cases where external surfaces offer primary or complementary information to patient positioning. The system shows promising dynamic properties for its use in gating/tracking applications. The overall system is competitive with commonly-used surface registration technologies. Its main benefit is the usage of a cost-effective off-the-shelf technology for surface acquisition. Further strategies to improve the registration accuracy are under development.

  17. Mimicking acceleration in the constant-bang-time Lemaître -- Tolman model: Shell crossings, density distributions and light cones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Krasi?ski

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lema\\^{\\i}tre -- Tolman model with $\\Lambda = 0$ and constant bang time that imitates the luminosity distance -- redshift relation of the $\\Lambda$CDM model using the energy function $E$ alone contains shell crossings. In this paper, the location in spacetime and the consequences of existence of the shell-crossing set (SCS) are investigated. The SCS would come into view of the central observer only at $t \\approx 1064 T$ to the future from now, where $T$ is the present age of the Universe, but would not leave any recognizable trace in her observations. Light rays emitted near to the SCS are blueshifted at the initial points, but the blueshift is finite, and is overcompensated by later-induced redshifts if the observer is sufficiently far. The local blueshifts cause that $z$ along a light ray is not a monotonic function of the comoving radial coordinate $r$. As a consequence, the angular diameter distance $D_A$ and the luminosity distance $D_L$ from the central observer fail to be functions of $z$; the relations $D_A(z)$ and $D_L(z)$ are multiple-valued in a vicinity of the SCS. The following quantities are calculated and displayed: (1) The distribution of mass density on a few characteristic hypersurfaces of constant time; some of them intersect the SCS. (2) The distribution of density along the past light cone of the present central observer. (3) A few light cones intersecting the SCS at characteristic instants. (4) The redshift profiles along several light cones. (5) The extremum-redshift hypersurface. (6) The $D_A(z)$ and $D_L(z)$ relations. (7) The last scattering time and its comparison with the $\\Lambda$CDM last scattering epoch.

  18. Electric Utility Transmission and Distribution Line Engineering Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter McKenny

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic development in the United States depends on a reliable and affordable power supply. The nation will need well educated engineers to design a modern, safe, secure, and reliable power grid for our future needs. An anticipated shortage of qualified engineers has caused considerable concern in many professional circles, and various steps are being taken nationwide to alleviate the potential shortage and ensure the North American power system's reliability, and our world-wide economic competitiveness. To help provide a well-educated and trained workforce which can sustain and modernize the nation's power grid, Gonzaga University's School of Engineering and Applied Science has established a five-course (15-credit hour) Certificate Program in Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Engineering. The program has been specifically designed to provide working utility engineering professionals with on-line access to advanced engineering courses which cover modern design practice with an industry-focused theoretical foundation. A total of twelve courses have been developed to-date and students may select any five in their area of interest for the T&D Certificate. As each course is developed and taught by a team of experienced engineers (from public and private utilities, consultants, and industry suppliers), students are provided a unique opportunity to interact directly with different industry experts over the eight weeks of each course. Course material incorporates advanced aspects of civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering disciplines that apply to power system design and are appropriate for graduate engineers. As such, target students for the certificate program include: (1) recent graduates with a Bachelor of Science Degree in an engineering field (civil, mechanical, electrical, etc.); (2) senior engineers moving from other fields to the utility industry (i.e. paper industry to utility engineering or project management positions); and (3) regular working professionals wishing to update their skills or increase their knowledge of utility engineering design practices and procedures. By providing graduate educational opportunities for the above groups, the T&D Program will help serve a strong industry need for training the next generation of engineers in the cost-effective design, construction, operation, and maintenance of modern electrical transmission and distribution systems. In addition to developing the on-line engineering courses described above, the T&D Program also focused significant efforts towards enhancing the training opportunities available to power system operators in the northwest. These efforts have included working with outside vendors to provide NERC-approved training courses in Gonzaga University's (GU) system operator training facility, support for an accurate system model which can be used in regional blackstart exercises, and the identification of a retired system operator who could provide actual regional training courses. The GU system operator training facility is also being used to recruit young workers, veterans, and various under-represented groups to the utility industry. Over the past three years students from Columbia Gorge Community College, Spokane Falls Community College, Walla Walla Community College, Central Washington University, Eastern Washington University, Gonzaga University, and various local high schools have attended short (one-day) system operator training courses free of charge. These collaboration efforts has been extremely well received by both students and industry, and meet T&D Program objectives of strengthening the power industry workforce while bridging the knowledge base across power worker categories, and recruiting new workers to replace a predominantly retirement age workforce. In the past three years the T&D Program has provided over 170 utility engineers with access to advanced engineering courses, been involved in training more than 300 power system operators, and provided well over 500 college and high school students with an experienc

  19. Spinning Reserve From Responsive Loads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.J.

    2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Responsive load is the most underutilized reliability resource available to the power system today. It is currently not used at all to provide spinning reserve. Historically there were good reasons for this, but recent technological advances in communications and controls have provided new capabilities and eliminated many of the old obstacles. North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC), New York State Reliability Council (NYSRC), and New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) rules are beginning to recognize these changes and are starting to encourage responsive load provision of reliability services. The Carrier ComfortChoice responsive thermostats provide an example of these technological advances. This is a technology aimed at reducing summer peak demand through central control of residential and small commercial air-conditioning loads. It is being utilized by Long Island Power Authority (LIPA), Consolidated Edison (ConEd), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E). The technology is capable of delivering even greater response in the faster spinning reserve time frame (while still providing peak reduction). Analysis of demand reduction testing results from LIPA during the summer of 2002 provides evidence to back up this claim. It also demonstrates that loads are different from generators and that the conventional wisdom, which advocates for starting with large loads as better ancillary service providers, is flawed. The tempting approach of incrementally adapting ancillary service requirements, which were established when generators were the only available resources, will not work. While it is easier for most generators to provide replacement power and non-spinning reserve (the slower response services) than it is to supply spinning reserve (the fastest service), the opposite is true for many loads. Also, there is more financial reward for supplying spinning reserve than for supplying the other reserve services as a result of the higher spinning reserve prices. The LIPAedge program (LIPA's demand reduction program using Carrier ComfortChoice thermostats) provides an opportunity to test the use of responsive load for spinning reserve. With potentially 75 MW of spinning reserve capability already installed, this test program can also make an important contribution to the capacity needs of Long Island during the summer of 2003. Testing could also be done at ConEd ({approx}30 MW), SCE ({approx}15 MW), and/or SDG&E ({approx}15 MW). This paper is divided into six chapters. Chapter 2 discusses the contingency reserve ancillary services, their functions in supporting power system reliability, and their technical requirements. It also discusses the policy and tariff requirements and attempts to distinguish between ones that are genuinely necessary and ones that are artifacts of the technologies that were historically used to provide the services. Chapter 3 discusses how responsive load could provide contingency reserves (especially spinning reserve) for the power system. Chapter 4 specifically discusses the Carrier ComfortChoice responsive thermostat technology, the LIPAedge experience with that technology, and how the technology could be used to supply spinning reserve. Chapter 5 discusses a number of unresolved issues and suggests areas for further research. Chapter 6 offers conclusions and recommendations.

  20. Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Tsvetkova, Alexandra A [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world, with much work aiming to optimize engine and battery for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, the general expectation has been that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of PHEVs because the recharging will occur during off-peak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough so that capacity planning will respond adequately. This expectation does not consider that drivers will control the timing of recharging, and their inclination will be to plug in when convenient, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of adding load from PHEVs onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require the addition of new electric capacity and increase the utilization of existing capacity. Usage patterns of local distribution grids will change, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to meet the demand for recharging PHEVs will depend on the region of the country and the timing of recharging. This paper analyzes the potential impacts of PHEVs on electricity demand, supply, generation structure, prices, and associated emission levels in 2020 and 2030 in 13 regions specified by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA), and on which the data and analysis in EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2007 are based (Figure ES-1). The estimates of power plant supplies and regional hourly electricity demand come from publicly available sources from EIA and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Electricity requirements for PHEVs are based on analysis from the Electric Power Research Institute, with an optimistic projection of 25% market penetration by 2020, involving a mixture of sedans and sport utility vehicles. The calculations were done using the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model, a model developed over the past 12 years to evaluate a wide variety of critical electricity sector issues. Seven scenarios were run for each region for 2020 and 2030, for a total of 182 scenarios. In addition to a base scenario of no PHEVs, the authors modeled scenarios assuming that vehicles were either plugged in starting at 5:00 p.m. (evening) or at 10:00 p.m.(night) and left until fully charged. Three charging rates were examined: 120V/15A (1.4 kW), 120V/20A (2 kW), and 220V/30A (6 kW). Most regions will need to build additional capacity or utilize demand response to meet the added demand from PHEVs in the evening charging scenarios, especially by 2030 when PHEVs have a larger share of the installed vehicle base and make a larger demand on the system. The added demands of evening charging, especially at high power levels, can impact the overall demand peaks and reduce the reserve margins for a region's system. Night recharging has little potential to influence peak loads, but will still influence the amount and type of generation.

  1. Influence of oxide impurities on the chemical tuning of the thermoelectric properties of substitution derivatives of RuIn{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner-Reetz, Maik, E-mail: Maik.Wagner@cpfs.mpg.de; Cardoso-Gil, Raul; Schmidt, Marcus; Grin, Yuri, E-mail: Juri.Grin@cpfs.mpg.de

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A systematic investigation on tuning the charge carrier concentration by substitution of the Ru position in RuIn{sub 3} is performed. Samples with nominal composition Ru{sub 0.95}T{sub 0.05}In{sub 3} (T=Re, Rh, Ir) were synthesized via liquid–solid-reaction and subsequent spark plasma sintering treatment. The chemical composition was characterized by X-ray, metallographic and microstructure analysis revealing solid solutions in the samples with Rh and Ir, whereas Re cannot be incorporated in RuIn{sub 3}. Minor oxide impurities in the commercially available starting elements, the homogeneity range of RuIn{sub 3} and the redox potentials of the participating elements are the key for interpreting the observed lattice parameters and the corresponding composition. Both, substitutions with Rh or Ir and Re inclusions in RuIn{sub 3} lead independently to a significant decrease of the total thermal conductivity down to approximately one half of the value observed for binary RuIn{sub 3}, prepared with commercially available starting materials. The electrical resistivity was reduced by substitution and the temperature dependence changes from semiconductor-like, for RuIn{sub 3}, to metal-like in the substitution derivatives. At the same time the sign change in the thermopower at high temperatures, characteristic for binary RuIn{sub 3}, is suppressed, attaining only electrons as majority carriers. - Graphical abstract: Microstructure (perpendicular to the pressure axis; polarized light) of polycrystalline Ru{sub 0.95}Rh{sub 0.05}In{sub 3} (a), Ru{sub 0.95}Ir{sub 0.05}In{sub 3} (b) and Ru{sub 0.95}Re{sub 0.05}In{sub 3} (c) samples after SPS treatment. - Highlights: • Substitution solid solutions of RuIn{sub 3} were prepared via liquid–solid-reaction. • Chemistry of oxide impurities is crucial for explanation of experimental results. • Thermodynamic calculations support the observation of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} or ZnO as impurities. • Electrical resistivity is reduced by substitution. • Temperature dependence of resistivity changes from semiconductor- to metal-like.

  2. Photovoltaics on Landfills in Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for a feasibility study of m0treAlables on several brownfield sites. The EPA defines a brownfield as 'a property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.' All of the brownfields in this study are landfill sites. Citizens of Puerto Rico, city planners, and site managers are interested in redevelopment uses for landfills in Puerto Rico, which are particularly well suited for solar photovoltaic (PV) installation. The purpose of this report is to assess the landfills with the highest potential for possible solar PV installation and estimate cost, performance, and site impacts of three different PV options: crystalline silicon (fixed-tilt), crystalline silicon (single-axis tracking), and thin film (fixed-tilt). Each option represents a standalone system that can be sized to use an entire available site area. In addition, the report outlines financing options that could assist in the implementation of a system. The feasibility of PV systems installed on landfills is highly impacted by the available area for an array, solar resource, operating status, landfill cap status, distance to transmission lines, and distance to major roads. All of the landfills in Puerto Rico were screened according to these criteria in order to determine the sites with the greatest potential. Eight landfills were chosen for site visits based on the screening criteria and location. Because of time constraints and the fact that Puerto Rico is a relatively large island, the eight landfills for this visit were all located in the eastern half of the island. The findings from this report can be applied to landfills in the western half of the island. The economics of a potential PV system on landfills in Puerto Rico depend greatly on the cost of electricity. Currently, PREPA has an average electric rate of $0.119/kWh. Based on past electric rate increases in Puerto Rico and other islands in the Caribbean, this rate could increase to $0.15/kWh or higher in a relatively short amount of time. In the coming years, increasing electrical rates and increased necessity for clean power will continue to improve the feasibility of implementing solar PV systems at these sites.

  3. QER- Comment of Industrial Energy Consumer Group

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Thanks Tony. We'll be announcing dates for a number of other meetings in the next few days so hopefully you'll be able to participate in one of those, or have some of your member companies join. Regards, Karen Karen G. Wayland, Ph.D. Deputy Director for State, Local and Tribal Cooperation Energy Policy and Systems Analysis U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20585 Phone: +1 (202) 586-1347 Cell: +1 (240) 751-8483 From: Buxton, Anthony W. Sent: Thursday, June 12, 2014 11:44 AM To: Wayland, Karen Subject: Re: Save the Date: June 19 QER meeting on Water-Energy Nexus Thank you, Karen. Our participation in the Providence hearing was a very positive and useful experience. IECG will be unable to attend the San Francisco hearing for obvious reasons, though it is always a temptation. IECG appreciates the effort going into and the significance of the Review and will continue to observe and comment as appropriate. We have become increasingly concerned recently about whether the Federal Power Act and related statutes provide adequate authority for the federal government and related energy institutions ( NERC) to take the actions necessary to ensure the supply of energy to America on a reliable and low cost basis. The decision of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals invalidating FERC's Order 750 and the consequent challenges to Order 1000 on the same basis exemplify this difficulty. The states are generally without adequate powers and legal authority as well, save for several large states. The RTOs are an ongoing answer from FERC, but they also are limited by the Federal Power Act. We urge attention to this important issue. Thank you again for your New England hearings and for your excellent work. Tony Buxton Counsel to Industrial Energy Consumer Group. From: Wayland, Karen [mailto:Karen.Wayland@Hq.Doe.Gov] Sent: Thursday, June 12, 2014 11:22 AM Eastern Standard Time To: Wayland, Karen Subject: Save the Date: June 19 QER meeting on Water-Energy Nexus Thank you for your interest in the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER), and apologies for any duplicate emails. The next stakeholders meeting for the QER will focus on the Water-Energy Nexus. The meeting will be held at the San Francisco City Hall on June 19 at 9 am. Doors open at 8 am. We will be posting an agenda and background memo on the QER website over the next week at http://www.energy.gov/epsa/events/qer-public-meeting-water-energy-nexus, so check back regularly. We encourage you to attend and participate, and to share the meeting information with your lists. Please note that we are extending the comment period for stakeholders during the open mic session from 3 minutes (as described in the Federal Register notice) to 5 minutes to give stakeholders adequate time to make substantive statements. We look forward to hearing from you! Information on past meetings, including panelists' statements and summaries of discussions, as well the list of upcoming meetings, can be found at www.energy.gov/qer. Regards, Karen Wayland Karen G. Wayland, Ph.D. Deputy Director for State, Local and Tribal Cooperation Energy Policy and Systems Analysis U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20585 In accordance with Internal Revenue Service Circular 230, we hereby advise you that if this E-mail or any attachment hereto contains any tax advice, such tax advice was not intended or written to be used, and it cannot be used, by any taxpayer for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed on the taxpayer by the Internal Revenue Service. This E-Mail may contain information that is privileged, confidential and / or exempt from discovery or disclosure under applicable law. Unintended transmission shall not constitute waiver of the attorney-client or any other privilege. If you are not the intended recipient of this communication, and have received it in error, please do not distribute it and notify me immediately by E-mail at abuxton@preti.com or via telephone at 207.791.3000 and delete the original message. Unless expressly stated in this e-mail, noth

  4. Integrating Solar PV in Utility System Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, A.; Botterud, A.; Wu, J.; Zhou, Z.; Hodge, B-M.; Heany, M.

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study develops a systematic framework for estimating the increase in operating costs due to uncertainty and variability in renewable resources, uses the framework to quantify the integration costs associated with sub-hourly solar power variability and uncertainty, and shows how changes in system operations may affect these costs. Toward this end, we present a statistical method for estimating the required balancing reserves to maintain system reliability along with a model for commitment and dispatch of the portfolio of thermal and renewable resources at different stages of system operations. We estimate the costs of sub-hourly solar variability, short-term forecast errors, and day-ahead (DA) forecast errors as the difference in production costs between a case with “realistic” PV (i.e., subhourly solar variability and uncertainty are fully included in the modeling) and a case with “well behaved” PV (i.e., PV is assumed to have no sub-hourly variability and can be perfectly forecasted). In addition, we highlight current practices that allow utilities to compensate for the issues encountered at the sub-hourly time frame with increased levels of PV penetration. In this analysis we use the analytical framework to simulate utility operations with increasing deployment of PV in a case study of Arizona Public Service Company (APS), a utility in the southwestern United States. In our analysis, we focus on three processes that are important in understanding the management of PV variability and uncertainty in power system operations. First, we represent the decisions made the day before the operating day through a DA commitment model that relies on imperfect DA forecasts of load and wind as well as PV generation. Second, we represent the decisions made by schedulers in the operating day through hour-ahead (HA) scheduling. Peaking units can be committed or decommitted in the HA schedules and online units can be redispatched using forecasts that are improved relative to DA forecasts, but still imperfect. Finally, we represent decisions within the operating hour by schedulers and transmission system operators as real-time (RT) balancing. We simulate the DA and HA scheduling processes with a detailed unit-commitment (UC) and economic dispatch (ED) optimization model. This model creates a least-cost dispatch and commitment plan for the conventional generating units using forecasts and reserve requirements as inputs. We consider only the generation units and load of the utility in this analysis; we do not consider opportunities to trade power with neighboring utilities. We also do not consider provision of reserves from renewables or from demand-side options. We estimate dynamic reserve requirements in order to meet reliability requirements in the RT operations, considering the uncertainty and variability in load, solar PV, and wind resources. Balancing reserve requirements are based on the 2.5th and 97.5th percentile of 1-min deviations from the HA schedule in a previous year. We then simulate RT deployment of balancing reserves using a separate minute-by-minute simulation of deviations from the HA schedules in the operating year. In the simulations we assume that balancing reserves can be fully deployed in 10 min. The minute-by-minute deviations account for HA forecasting errors and the actual variability of the load, wind, and solar generation. Using these minute-by-minute deviations and deployment of balancing reserves, we evaluate the impact of PV on system reliability through the calculation of the standard reliability metric called Control Performance Standard 2 (CPS2). Broadly speaking, the CPS2 score measures the percentage of 10-min periods in which a balancing area is able to balance supply and demand within a specific threshold. Compliance with the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) reliability standards requires that the CPS2 score must exceed 90% (i.e., the balancing area must maintain adequate balance for 90% of the 10-min periods). The combination of representing DA forecast errors in the