National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for traverse bay band

  1. Grand Traverse Band Renewable Energy Feasibility Study in Wind, Biomass and Solar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzanne McSawby, Project Director Steve Smiley, Principle Investigator Grand Traverse Resort, Cost Sharing Partner

    2008-12-31

    Renewable Energy Feasibility Study for wind, biomass, solar on the Grand Traverse Band tribal lands from 2005 - 2008

  2. Apparatus for obstacle traversion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Johann

    2004-08-10

    An apparatus for traversing obstacles having an elongated, round, flexible body that includes a plurality of drive track assemblies. The plurality of drive track assemblies cooperate to provide forward propulsion wherever a propulsion member is in contact with any feature of the environment, regardless of how many or which ones of the plurality of drive track assemblies make contact with such environmental feature.

  3. Traversable wormholes: Some simple examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Building on the work of Morris, Thorne, and Yurtsever, some particularly simple examples of traversable wormholes are exhibited. These examples are notable both because the analysis is not limited to spherically symmetric cases, and because it is possible to in some sense minimize the use of exotic matter. In particular, it is possible for a traveller to traverse such a wormhole without passing through a region of exotic matter. As in previous analyses, the weak energy condition is violated in these traversable wormholes.

  4. Traversable wormholes: Some simple examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matt Visser

    2008-09-04

    Building on the work of Morris, Thorne, and Yurtsever, some particularly simple examples of traversable wormholes are exhibited. These examples are notable both because the analysis is not limited to spherically symmetric cases, and because it is possible to in some sense minimize the use of exotic matter. In particular, it is possible for a traveller to traverse such a wormhole without passing through a region of exotic matter. As in previous analyses, the weak energy condition is violated in these traversable wormholes.

  5. An Investigation of the Laws of Traversals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaskelioff, Mauro; 10.4204/EPTCS.76.5

    2012-01-01

    Traversals of data structures are ubiquitous in programming. Consequently, it is important to be able to characterise those structures that are traversable and understand their algebraic properties. Traversable functors have been characterised by McBride and Paterson as those equipped with a distributive law over arbitrary applicative functors; however, laws that fully capture the intuition behind traversals are missing. This article is an attempt to remedy this situation by proposing laws for characterising traversals that capture the intuition behind them. To support our claims, we prove that finitary containers are traversable in our sense and argue that elements in a traversable structure are visited exactly once.

  6. Message passing with parallel queue traversal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Underwood, Keith D. (Albuquerque, NM); Brightwell, Ronald B. (Albuquerque, NM); Hemmert, K. Scott (Albuquerque, NM)

    2012-05-01

    In message passing implementations, associative matching structures are used to permit list entries to be searched in parallel fashion, thereby avoiding the delay of linear list traversal. List management capabilities are provided to support list entry turnover semantics and priority ordering semantics.

  7. INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 7 ADVANCED SYSTEMS TRAVERSE RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    #12;INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 7 ADVANCED SYSTEMS TRAVERSE RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT By G. E Page 13 #12;ADVANCED SYSTEMS TRAVERSE RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT by G. E. Ulrich ABSTRACT This report

  8. ACCELERATORS: ENGINES FOR TRAVERSING A LARGE AND OFTEN DIFFICULT LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sessler, Andrew M.

    2014-01-01

    California. ACCELERATORS: ENGINES FOR TRAVERSING A LARGE ANDthat go with them, are from: “Engines of Discovery: Particle

  9. Traversable wormholes from surgically modified Schwarzschild spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    2008-01-01

    In this paper I present a new class of traversable wormholes. This is done by surgically grafting two Schwarzschild spacetimes together in such a way that no event horizon is permitted to form. This surgery concentrates a non--zero stress--energy on the boundary layer between the two asymptotically flat regions. I shall investigate this stress--energy in detail using the "junction condition" formalism. A feature of the present analysis is that this class of traversable wormholes is sufficiently simple for a (partial) dynamical stability analysis to be carried out. The stability analysis places constraints on the equation of state of the exotic matter that comprises the throat of the wormhole.

  10. Traversable wormholes from surgically modified Schwarzschild spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matt Visser

    2008-09-04

    In this paper I present a new class of traversable wormholes. This is done by surgically grafting two Schwarzschild spacetimes together in such a way that no event horizon is permitted to form. This surgery concentrates a non--zero stress--energy on the boundary layer between the two asymptotically flat regions. I shall investigate this stress--energy in detail using the "junction condition" formalism. A feature of the present analysis is that this class of traversable wormholes is sufficiently simple for a (partial) dynamical stability analysis to be carried out. The stability analysis places constraints on the equation of state of the exotic matter that comprises the throat of the wormhole.

  11. Gravitinos Tunneling From Traversable Lorentzian Wormholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakalli, I

    2015-01-01

    Recent research shows that Hawking radiation (HR) is also possible around the trapping horizon of a wormhole. In this article, we show that the HR of gravitino (spin-$3/2$) particles from the traversable Lorentzian wormholes (TLWH) reveals a negative Hawking temperature (HT). We first introduce the TLWH in the past outer trapping horizon geometry (POTHG). Next, we derive the Rarita-Schwinger equations (RSEs) for that geometry. Then, using both the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) ans\\"{a}tz and the WKB approximation in the quantum tunneling method, we obtain the probabilities of the emission/absorption modes. Finally, we derive the tunneling rate of the emitted gravitino particles, and succeed to read the HT of the TLWH.

  12. Gravitinos Tunneling From Traversable Lorentzian Wormholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Sakalli; A. Ovgun

    2015-08-12

    Recent research shows that Hawking radiation (HR) is also possible around the trapping horizon of a wormhole. In this article, we show that the HR of gravitino (spin-$3/2$) particles from the traversable Lorentzian wormholes (TLWH) reveals a negative Hawking temperature (HT). We first introduce the TLWH in the past outer trapping horizon geometry (POTHG). Next, we derive the Rarita-Schwinger equations (RSEs) for that geometry. Then, using both the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) ans\\"{a}tz and the WKB approximation in the quantum tunneling method, we obtain the probabilities of the emission/absorption modes. Finally, we derive the tunneling rate of the emitted gravitino particles, and succeed to read the HT of the TLWH.

  13. An Integrated Traverse Planner and Analysis Tool for Planetary Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Aaron William

    Future planetary explorations will require surface traverses of unprecedented frequency, length, and duration. As a result, there is need for exploration support tools to maximize productivity, scientific return, and safety. ...

  14. Posterior Probability Estimation Techniques Embedded in a Bayes Filter for Vibration-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zell, Andreas

    Posterior Probability Estimation Techniques Embedded in a Bayes Filter for Vibration-based Terrain Classification Philippe Komma and Andreas Zell Abstract Vibration signals acquired during robot traversal provide] or ladar sensors [15, 10] can be employed. Recently, several researchers considered vehicle vibrations

  15. Traversal, Case Analysis, and Lowering for C++ Program Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Luke A.

    2010-01-14

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 II TUTORIAL : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 13 A. Motivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 B. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 C. \\Hello, Unit... are and leaves the why for the discussion in Chapter III. Also, these goals are introduced by metaphor and example, saving their realization in the Filter library for the tutorial in Chapter II. 1. Traversal and case analysis The rst functional goal...

  16. GPU Accelerated Voxel Traversal using the Prediction Buffer Colin Braley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    GPU Accelerated Voxel Traversal using the Prediction Buffer Colin Braley Virginia Tech Robert Hagan Virginia Tech Yong Cao Virginia Tech Denis Gracanin Virginia Tech Figure 1: The rendered iso size of data sets for scientific and medical vi- sualization demands new isosurface volume rendering

  17. Biomaterials October 3rd & 4th, 2013 Traverse City, Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan Biomaterials Conference October 3rd & 4th, 2013 Traverse City, Michigan ConferenceGuide #12;Michigan Biomaterials Initiative: The Role of Education, Research, & Technology Hosted by and assignments for moving forward #12; 4 "Biomaterials" & Issues "Biomaterials" is used to describe any organic

  18. Footprint traversal by ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashok Garai; Jesrael Mani; Debashish Chowdhury

    2012-03-14

    ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes (CRE) are bio-molecular motors in eukaryotic cells. These are driven by a chemical fuel, namely, adenosine triphosphate (ATP). CREs actively participate in many cellular processes that require accessibility of specific segments of DNA which are packaged as chromatin. The basic unit of chromatin is a nucleosome where 146 bp $\\sim$ 50 nm of a double stranded DNA (dsDNA) is wrapped around a spool formed by histone proteins. The helical path of histone-DNA contact on a nucleosome is also called "footprint". We investigate the mechanism of footprint traversal by a CRE that translocates along the dsDNA. Our two-state model of a CRE captures effectively two distinct chemical (or conformational) states in the mechano-chemical cycle of each ATP-dependent CRE. We calculate the mean time of traversal. Our predictions on the ATP-dependence of the mean traversal time can be tested by carrying out {\\it in-vitro} experiments on mono-nucleosomes.

  19. Grand Traverse County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlantMagma EnergyGoogle lendsCouleeII WindTraverse

  20. Empirical Bayes Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Empirical Bayes Will Penny Linear Models fMRI analysis Gradient Ascent Online learning Delta Rule Maximum Likelihood Augmented Form ReML Objective Function References Empirical Bayes Will Penny 3rd March 2011 #12;Empirical Bayes Will Penny Linear Models fMRI analysis Gradient Ascent Online learning Delta

  1. San Diego Bay Bibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brueggeman, Peter

    1994-01-01

    A in: Final EIR, Proposed Shipyard Expansion Project forfrom Southwest Marine Shipyard #4 in San Diego Bay. Toxscan,Florida. Final EIR, Proposed Shipyard Expansion Project for

  2. Bayesian Model Bayes rule for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Bayesian Model Comparison Will Penny Bayes rule for models Bayes factors Nonlinear Models Model Comparison Will Penny June 2nd 2011 #12;Bayesian Model Comparison Will Penny Bayes rule for models and the denominator is given by p(y) = m p(y|m )p(m ) #12;Bayesian Model Comparison Will Penny Bayes rule for models

  3. An integrated traverse planner and analysis tool for future lunar surface exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Aaron William

    2010-01-01

    This thesis discusses the Surface Exploration Traverse Analysis and Navigation Tool (SEXTANT), a system designed to help maximize productivity, scientific return, and safety on future lunar and planetary explorations,. The ...

  4. San Diego Bay Bibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brueggeman, Peter

    1994-01-01

    South Bay Power Plant, San Diego, California. Woodward-Station B Power Plant in San Diego, California, operated byPower Plant Receiving Water Monitoring Program. Prepared for the California

  5. Elliott Bay Scholarship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    A SIMULATION MODEL OF BROWN SHRIMP (Penaeus aztecus Ives) GROWTH, MOVEMENT, AND SURVIVAL IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by LEROY CONRAD GEORGE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1981 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences A SINOIAFION NODHD OF BROHH SHRINP IP* I* I ) GROWTH, MOVEMENT, AND SURVIVAL IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by LEROY CONRAD GEORGE...

  6. Module bay with directed flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torczynski, John R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-02-27

    A module bay requires less cleanroom airflow. A shaped gas inlet passage can allow cleanroom air into the module bay with flow velocity preferentially directed toward contaminant rich portions of a processing module in the module bay. Preferential gas flow direction can more efficiently purge contaminants from appropriate portions of the module bay, allowing a reduced cleanroom air flow rate for contaminant removal. A shelf extending from an air inlet slit in one wall of a module bay can direct air flowing therethrough toward contaminant-rich portions of the module bay, such as a junction between a lid and base of a processing module.

  7. Exploring Hydrodynamic Modeling of Texas Bays With focus on Corpus Christi Bay & Lavaca Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furnans, Jordan

    2004-01-01

    , although likely affected by tides, is from Oso Bay into Corpus Christi Bay. This is because of the power plant located inbetween Oso Bay and Laguna Madre. This plant withdraws cooling water from Laguna Madre in discharges it into Oso Bay. This water... leading to the hypoxia. In order to develop such a model, much environmental and spatial data needed to be collected. This data includes information on regional wind patterns, tidal data, river inflow data, and weather data. It also was necessary...

  8. Empirical Bayes Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    , Sw ) S-1 w = XT C-1 y X + C-1 w mw = Sw (XT C-1 y y + C-1 w µw ) #12;Empirical Bayes Will Penny | |Sw | where is a vector of hyperparameters that parameterise the covariances Cw and Cy

  9. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics An Integrated Traverse Planner and Analysis Tool for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Dava J.

    to compute the thermal load on suited astronauts and the solar power generation capacity of rovers over. After a traverse has been planned, SEXTANT is capable of computing the most efficient path back home and Astronautics 2 ! ASA = rover solar array area ! Asuit = surface area of the space suit ! C = conductance

  10. Efficient traversal of beta-sheet protein folding pathways using ensemble models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devadas, Srinivas

    Efficient traversal of beta-sheet protein folding pathways using ensemble models Solomon Shenker1. Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations can now predict ms- timescale folding processes of small proteins peptides with few long-range interactions. Larger and slower- folding proteins, such as many with extended

  11. Mercury bioaccumulation in Lavaca Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Sally Jo

    1992-01-01

    estuary, Keller Bay. The rate of Hg accumulation in shrimp, Penaeus sp. , blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, and oysters, Crassostrea virginica and the Hg depuration rate in C. virginica were examined by performing caging experiments.... For the accumulation experiment shrimp from Matagorda Bay, blue crabs from Keller Bay, and oysters from Carancahua Reef in Carancahua Bay were collected and placed in ambient water and sediment of Lavaca and Keller Bays. Oysters were collected in North Lavaca Bay...

  12. Sonar imaging of bay bottom sediments and anthropogenic impacts in Galveston Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, Donald Shea

    2007-04-25

    Knowledge of surface sediment distribution in Galveston Bay is important because it allows us to better understand how the bay works and how human activities impact the bay and its ecosystems. In this project, six areas ...

  13. Macroscopic traversable wormholes with zero tidal forces inspired by noncommutative geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter K. F. Kuhfittig

    2015-01-08

    This paper addresses the following issues: (1) the possible existence of macroscopic traversable wormholes, given a noncommutative-geometry background, and (2) the possibility of allowing zero tidal forces, given a known density. It is shown that whenever the energy density describes a classical wormhole, the resulting solution is incompatible with quantum field theory. If the energy density originates from noncommutative geometry, then zero tidal forces are allowed. Also attributable to the noncommutative geometry is the violation of the null energy condition. The wormhole geometry satisfies the usual requirements, including asymptotic flatness.

  14. Traversable wormholes satisfying the weak energy condition in third-order Lovelock gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdi Kord Zangeneh; Francisco S. N. Lobo; Mohammad Hossein Dehghani

    2015-10-23

    In this paper, we consider third order Lovelock gravity with a cosmological constant term in an n-dimensional spacetime $\\mathcal{M}^{4}\\times \\mathcal{K}^{n-4}$, where $\\mathcal{K}^{n-4} $ is a constant curvature space. We decompose the equations of motion to four and higher dimensional ones and find wormhole solutions by considering a vacuum $\\mathcal{K}^{n-4} $ space. Applying the latter constraint, we determine the second and third order Lovelock coefficients and the cosmological constant in terms of specific parameters of the model, such as the size of the extra dimensions. Using the obtained Lovelock coefficients and $\\Lambda$, we obtain the 4-dimensional matter distribution threading the wormhole. Furthermore, by considering the zero tidal force case and a specific equation of state, given by $\\rho =(\\gamma p-\\tau )/[\\omega (1+\\gamma )]$, we find the exact solution for the shape function which represents both asymptotically flat and non-flat wormhole solutions. We show explicitly that these wormhole solutions in addition to traversibility satisfy the energy conditions for suitable choices of parameters and that the existence of a limited spherically symmetric traversable wormhole with normal matter in a 4-dimensional spacetime, implies a negative effective cosmological constant.

  15. Chesapeake Bay Approaches to Baltimore Harbor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chesapeake Bay Approaches to Baltimore Harbor Chart 12278 BookletChart Commemorative Edition ­ June;United States ­ East Coast MARYLAND CHESAPEAKE BAY APPROACHES TO BALTIMORE HARBOR The chart on the cover forces on the Chesapeake Bay, and defending Baltimore itself. Privateering With peacetime commerce

  16. Meet the Bay Biscayne Bay is a subtropical marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . It is bordered on the west by Miami-Dade County and on the east side by 2 islands (Miami Beach and Fisher Island meters). Most Miami Heat players could comfortably stand in the Bay and still breathe. Text: Erica Van

  17. Acoustic characteristics of bay bottom sediments in Lavaca Bay, TX 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patch, Mary Catherine

    2005-08-29

    . The Lavaca Bay estuary is a drowned river valley containing a history of estuary development in the late Pleistocene and Holocene. We used a chirp sonar to gather acoustic reflection profiles, which were classified to categorize and trace reflectors. The data...

  18. Subcellular Spatial Correlation of Particle Traversal and Biological Response in Clinical Ion Beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niklas, Martin; Abdollahi, Amir; Akselrod, Mark S.; Debus, Jürgen; Jäkel, Oliver; and others

    2013-12-01

    Purpose: To report on the spatial correlation of physical track information (fluorescent nuclear track detectors, FNTDs) and cellular DNA damage response by using a novel hybrid detector (Cell-Fit-HD). Methods and Materials: The FNTDs were coated with a monolayer of human non-small cell lung carcinoma (A549) cells and irradiated with carbon ions (270.55 MeV u{sup ?1}, rising flank of the Bragg peak). Phosphorylated histone variant H2AX accumulating at the irradiation-induced double-strand break site was labeled (RIF). The position and direction of ion tracks in the FNTD were registered with the location of the RIF sequence as an ion track surrogate in the cell layer. Results: All RIF sequences could be related to their corresponding ion tracks, with mean deviations of 1.09 ?m and ?1.72 ?m in position and of 2.38° in slope. The mean perpendicular between ion track and RIF sequence was 1.58 ?m. The mean spacing of neighboring RIFs exhibited a regular rather than random spacing. Conclusions: Cell-Fit-HD allows for unambiguous spatial correlation studies of cell damage with respect to the intracellular ion traversal under therapeutic beam conditions.

  19. Planning For Jamaica Bay's Future: Final Recommendations on the Jamaica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Planning For Jamaica Bay's Future: Final Recommendations on the Jamaica Bay Watershed Protection Plan Submitted by the Jamaica Bay Watershed Protection Plan Advisory Committee June 1, 2007 #12;Photo. The Jamaica Bay watershed protection plan. Presentation at York College, Queens. #12;PLANNING FOR JAMAICA BAY

  20. The Pennsylvania State University Marching Blue Band Blue Band Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    The Pennsylvania State University Marching Blue Band Press Kit Blue Band Office 101 Blue Band Director vcc2@psu.edu orb1@psu.edu gad157@psu.edu (814) 865 - 3982 #12;History of the Blue Band The Marching Blue Band numbers 310 members which includes: 260 instrumentalists, 34 silks, 14 Touch of Blue

  1. NAME: Habitat Restoration in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii LOCATION: Kaneohe Bay, County of Honolulu, Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    NAME: Habitat Restoration in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii LOCATION: Kaneohe Bay, County of Honolulu, Hawaii ACRES: 13 acres coral reef NON-FEDERAL SPONSOR: State of Hawaii: Department of Land and Natural

  2. EA-389 Greay Bay Energy VI, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bay Energy VI, LLC Order authorizing Great Bay Energy to export electric energy to Canada. EA-389 Great Bay Energy (CN).pdf More Documents & Publications Application to Export...

  3. Tidal Marsh Vegetation of China Camp, San Pablo Bay, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baye, Peter R.

    2012-01-01

    Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board. p 33–48.Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board. p 9–32.Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board. p 332–

  4. RISK ANALYSIS REPORT FOR THE BAY PARK SEWAGE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Minghua

    RISK ANALYSIS REPORT FOR THE BAY PARK SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT (STP) TR-0 analyzes the flooding risks of the Bay Park Sewage Treatment Plant (STP

  5. San Francisco Bay Nutrient Management Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUMBER 733 DEC 2014 San Francisco Bay Nutrient Management Strategy: Detailed Modeling Workplan-746-7334 (SFEI) · f: 510-746-7300 · www.sfei.org #12;THIS REPORT SHOULD BE CITED AS: SFEI (2014). San Francisco Bay Nutrient Management Strategy: Detailed Modeling Workplan for FY15-FY21. San Francisco Estuary

  6. New and Underutilized Technology: High Bay LED Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The following information outlines key deployment considerations for high bay LED lighting within the Federal sector.

  7. Planning For Jamaica Bay's Future: Preliminary Recommendations on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Planning For Jamaica Bay's Future: Preliminary Recommendations on the Jamaica Bay Watershed Protection Plan Submitted by the Jamaica Bay Watershed Protection Plan Advisory Committee June 29, 2006 #12, February 9. The Jamaica Bay watershed protection plan. Presentation at York College, Queens. #12;PLANNING

  8. Banded electromagnetic stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

    1994-04-05

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

  9. Banded electromagnetic stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

  10. Banded electromagnetic stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

  11. Keweenaw Bay Indian Community- 2010 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC) is committed to preserving our natural environment and reducing the amount of fossil fuels consumed while developing "green" business manufacturing jobs on tribal lands.

  12. Gradient Analysis and Classification of Carolina Bay Vegetation: A Framework for Bay Wetlands Conservation and Restoration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diane De Steven,Ph.D.; Maureen Tone,PhD.

    1997-10-01

    This report address four project objectives: (1) Gradient model of Carolina bay vegetation on the SRS--The authors use ordination analyses to identify environmental and landscape factors that are correlated with vegetation composition. Significant factors can provide a framework for site-based conservation of existing diversity, and they may also be useful site predictors for potential vegetation in bay restorations. (2) Regional analysis of Carolina bay vegetation diversity--They expand the ordination analyses to assess the degree to which SRS bays encompass the range of vegetation diversity found in the regional landscape of South Carolina's western Upper Coastal Plain. Such comparisons can indicate floristic status relative to regional potentials and identify missing species or community elements that might be re-introduced or restored. (3) Classification of vegetation communities in Upper Coastal Plain bays--They use cluster analysis to identify plant community-types at the regional scale, and explore how this classification may be functional with respect to significant environmental and landscape factors. An environmentally-based classification at the whole-bay level can provide a system of templates for managing bays as individual units and for restoring bays to desired plant communities. (4) Qualitative model for bay vegetation dynamics--They analyze present-day vegetation in relation to historic land uses and disturbances. The distinctive history of SRS bays provides the possibility of assessing pathways of post-disturbance succession. They attempt to develop a coarse-scale model of vegetation shifts in response to changing site factors; such qualitative models can provide a basis for suggesting management interventions that may be needed to maintain desired vegetation in protected or restored bays.

  13. Apparatus for producing a thin sample band in a microchannel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Stewart K. (Livermore, CA; , Nilson, Robert H. (Cardiff, CA)

    2008-05-13

    The present invention improves the performance of microchannel systems for chemical and biological synthesis and analysis by providing a method and apparatus for producing a thin band of a species sample. Thin sample bands improve the resolution of microchannel separation processes, as well as many other processes requiring precise control of sample size and volume. The new method comprises a series of steps in which a species sample is manipulated by controlled transport through a junction formed at the intersection of four or more channels. A sample is first inserted into the end of one of these channels in the vicinity of the junction. Next, this sample is thinned by transport across the junction one or more times. During these thinning steps, flow enters the junction through one of the channels and exists through those remaining, providing a divergent flow field that progressively stretches and thins the band with each traverse of the junction. The thickness of the resulting sample band may be smaller than the channel width. Moreover, the thickness of the band may be varied and controlled by altering the method alone, without modification to the channel or junction geometries. The invention is applicable to both electroosmotic and electrophoretic transport, to combined electrokinetic transport, and to some special cases in which bulk fluid transport is driven by pressure gradients. It is further applicable to channels that are open, filled with a gel or filled with a porous or granular material.

  14. Atmospheric influences on Gulf Stream fluctuations off Onslow Bay, North Carolina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Robert Lester

    1981-01-01

    . Brooks The subtidal frequency response of currents to the wind stress and wind stress curl and divergence in the coastal region off Onslow Bay, North Carolina was investigated for two 4-month mooring periods: January-May, 1979 and August...-November, 1979. In the winter only, the atmosphere and the Gulf Stream were marginally coupled in a 2-4 day period band. The longshore wind stress was coherent with nearer shore current fluctuations at a 2. 7-day period. The offshore wind stress com- ponent...

  15. South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project SYNTHESES OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project SYNTHESES OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE for Maintaining and Improving Functioning of the South Bay Ecosystem and Restoring Tidal Salt Marsh and Associated Habitats over) Maintaining and Improving Functioning of the South Bay Ecosystem and (2) Restoring tidal salt marsh

  16. Sedimentary parameters of upper Barataria Bay, Louisiana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegert, Rudolf B

    1961-01-01

    SEDIMENTARY PARAMETERS OF UPPER BARATARIA BAY, LOUISIANA A Thesis Rudolf Bernhardt Siegert Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural snd Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the reGulremente for the d. agree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1961 Ma)or Sub)ect GeologP SEDYIKNTARY PARAI'ZTEHS OF DT'PBR BARATARIA BAY, LOUISIANA A Thesis By Rudolf Bernhardt Siegert Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of C 'tice Bea of Department or Student Advisor...

  17. Band anticrossing in dilute nitrides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shan, W.; Yu, K.M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Wu, J.; Ager III, J.W.; Haller, E.E.

    2003-12-23

    Alloying III-V compounds with small amounts of nitrogen leads to dramatic reduction of the fundamental band-gap energy in the resulting dilute nitride alloys. The effect originates from an anti-crossing interaction between the extended conduction-band states and localized N states. The interaction splits the conduction band into two nonparabolic subbands. The downward shift of the lower conduction subband edge is responsible for the N-induced reduction of the fundamental band-gap energy. The changes in the conduction band structure result in significant increase in electron effective mass and decrease in the electron mobility, and lead to a large enhance of the maximum doping level in GaInNAs doped with group VI donors. In addition, a striking asymmetry in the electrical activation of group IV and group VI donors can be attributed to mutual passivation process through formation of the nearest neighbor group-IV donor nitrogen pairs.

  18. Reconnaissance survey of eight bays in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strand, J.A.; Crecelius, E.A.; Pearson, W.H.; Fellingham, G.W.; Elston, R.E.

    1988-03-01

    From 1983 to 1985, Battelle/Marine Research Laboratory conducted reconnaissance-level field and laboratory studies to better characterize toxic contamination problems occurring in selected urban-industrialized bays (Bellingham Bay, Port Gardner - Everett Harbor, Fourmile Rock - Elliot Bay dump site vicinity, Sinclair Inlet) of Puget Sound. It was envisioned that this goal was best achieved by simultaneously determining levels of contamination in selected baseline or 'reference bays' (Samish Bay, Case Inlet, Dabob Bay, Sequim Bay). Two major tasks composed this effort. The first was conducted in 1983 and consisted of preliminary or screening surveys to collect and analyze sediment samples from 101 stations distributed in the four urban-industrialized bays (Figure 1), and at 80 stations distributed in the four baseline bays (Figure 2). The second task was undertaken in 1984 and involved detailed surveys and analyses of the same bays, but at a limited number of stations (32 in urban embayments, 16 in baseline bays). The stations to be resampled in 1984 were the ''cleanest'' of the clean and the ''dirtiest'' of the dirty as determined by the 1983 sediment chemical analyses, and within restrictions imposed by sediment type.

  19. Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual Intelligence Techniques, Stage One: Neural total field oil production by optimizing the gas discharge rates and pressures at the separation handling capacity and subsequent oil production. 10 YEAR AVERAGE AMBIENT 1990-2000 & 2001, 2002 Averages

  20. Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity Binder Index Background 2 Hardware, Software Report, configuration notes American Samoa Spatial Data Infrastructure Maps GIS Data CDs Operating System) #12;Compiled by Allison Graves, Nuna Technologies 2002. 2 Background A GIS presence was established

  1. Fuzzy decision and control, the Bayes context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1993-12-15

    This paper shows how it is that fuzzy control may be viewed as a particular kind of stochastic (Bayesian) control. With the Bayes approach, fuzzy control may be viewed as an ensembled-average control, where the average is taken over a set...

  2. Cape Bowling Green Green BayBowling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    KIRWAN AL CLUDEN AL DEERAGUN AL PALLARENDA AL NORTH WARD AL MT MARGARET AL CASTLE HILL AL THE PINNACLES Dotswood Home Hill Townsville Rollingstone Fletcher Vale Burdekin Downs Alligator Creek Charters Towners YABULU MINGELA AL/MAN BAMBAROO LANSDOWN CLARE MUTARNEE NELLY BAY HOME HILL GIRU NORTH RAVENSWOOD

  3. Control of hardwood regeneration in restored carolina bay depression wetlands.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moser, Lee, J.; Barton, Christopher, D.; Blake, John, I.

    2012-06-01

    Carolina bays are depression wetlands located in the coastal plain region of the eastern United States. Disturbance of this wetland type has been widespread, and many sites contain one or more drainage ditches. Restoration of bays is of interest because they are important habitats for rare flora and fauna. Previous bay restoration projects have identified flood-tolerant woody competitors in the seedbank and re-sprouting as impediments to the establishment of desired herbaceous wetland vegetation communities. We restored 3 bays on the Savannah River Site, South Carolina, by plugging drainage ditches, harvesting residual pine/hardwood stands within the bays, and monitoring the vegetative response of the seedbank to the hydrologic change. We applied a foliar herbicide on one-half of each bay to control red maple (Acerrubrum), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and water oak (Quercus nigra) sprouting, and we tested its effectiveness across a hydrologic gradient in each bay. Hardwood regeneration was partially controlled by flooding in bays that exhibited long growing season hydroperiods. The findings also indicated that herbicide application was an effective means for managing hardwood regeneration and re-sprouting in areas where hydrologic control was ineffective. Herbicide use had no effect on species richness in the emerging vegetation community. In late-season drawdown periods, or in bays where hydroperiods are short, more than one herbicide application may be necessary.

  4. Promising Technology: High Bay Light-Emitting Diodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    High bay LEDs offer several advantages over conventional high intensity discharge (HID) luminaires including longer lifetimes, reduced maintenance costs, and lower energy consumption.

  5. The Detector System of The Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. P. An; J. Z. Bai; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; D. Beavis; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; R. L. Brown; I. Butorov; D. Cao; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; R. Carr; W. R. Cen; W. T. Chan; Y. L. Chan; J. F. Chang; L. C. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. Y. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. J. Chen; Q. Y. Chen; S. J. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. C. Chen; X. H. Chen; X. S. Chen; Y. X. Chen; Y. Chen; J. H. Cheng; J. Cheng; Y. P. Cheng; J. J. Cherwinka; S. Chidzik; K. Chow; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; J. de Arcos; Z. Y. Deng; X. F. Ding; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; L. Dong; J. Dove; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; S. D. Fang; J. Y. Fu; Z. W. Fu; L. Q. Ge; V. Ghazikhanian; R. Gill; J. Goett; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; Y. A. Gornushkin; M. Grassi; L. S. Greenler; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; R. P. Guo; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; R. L. Hahn; R. Han; S. Hans; M. He; Q. He; W. S. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; A. Higuera; P. Hinrichs; T. H. Ho; M. Hoff; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; L. M. Hu; L. J. Hu; T. Hu; W. Hu; E. C. Huang; H. Z. Huang; H. X. Huang; P. W. Huang; X. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; G. Hussain; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; P. Jaffke; K. L. Jen; S. Jetter; X. P. Ji; X. L. Ji; H. J. Jiang; W. Q. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; J. Joseph; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; S. Kohn; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; C. Y. Lai; W. C. Lai; W. H. Lai; T. J. Langford; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; M. K. P. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; J. K. C. Leung; K. Y. Leung; C. A. Lewis; B. Li; C. Li; D. J. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; J. Li; N. Y. Li; Q. J. Li; S. F. Li; S. C. Li; W. D. Li; X. B. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. Li; Y. F. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; J. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; P. Y. Lin; S. X. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; B. J. Liu; C. Liu; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. L. Liu; J. C. Liu; S. Liu; S. S. Liu; X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; J. S. Lu; A. Luk; K. B. Luk; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; L. H. Ma; Q. M. Ma; X. Y. Ma; X. B. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; B. Mayes; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; I. Mitchell; D. Mohapatra; J. Monari Kebwaro; J. E. Morgan; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; E. Naumova; C. Newsom; H. Y. Ngai; W. K. Ngai; Y. B. Nie; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevskiy; A. Pagac; H. -R. Pan; S. Patton; C. Pearson; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; B. Ren; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; W. R. Sands III; B. Seilhan; B. B. Shao; K. Shih; W. Y. Song; H. Steiner; P. Stoler; M. Stuart; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; N. Tagg; Y. H. Tam; H. K. Tanaka; W. Tang; X. Tang; D. Taychenachev; H. Themann; Y. Torun; S. Trentalange; O. Tsai; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; N. Viaux; B. Viren; S. Virostek; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; L. Z. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; T. Wang; W. Wang; W. W. Wang; X. T. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Y. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; D. L. Wenman; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; C. A. Whitten Jr.; J. Wilhelmi; T. Wise; H. C. Wong; H. L. H. Wong; J. Wong; S. C. F. Wong; E. Worcester; F. F. Wu; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; J. K. Xia; S. T. Xiang; Q. Xiao; Z. Z. Xing; G. Xu; J. Y. Xu; J. L. Xu; J. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; J. Yan; C. G. Yang; L. Yang; M. S. Yang; M. T. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; K. Yip; B. L. Young; G. Y. Yu; Z. Y. Yu; S. Zeng; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; H. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; K. Zhang; Q. X. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; X. T. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. F. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; N. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; S. Zimmerman; J. H. Zou

    2015-08-17

    The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of $\\bar{\

  6. Supplement to Chrisman, Langley, Bay, and Pohorille, \\Incorporating Biological Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chrisman, Lonnie

    Supplement to Chrisman, Langley, Bay, and Pohorille, \\Incorporating Biological Knowledge This supplement contains some of the detailed technical details of the proba- bilistic model, algorithm

  7. NOAA Selects Alaska's Kachemak Bay as New Habitat Focus Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Resilient coastal communities · Increased coastal/marine tourism, access, and recreation Alaska is also fishing, marine transportation, tourism. A Marine Researcher's Paradise Although Kachemak Bay has amazing

  8. The Making of a Modern Market: eBay.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kashkool, Keyvan

    2010-01-01

    political coalitions shift market design and influence theeBay and The Politics of Market Design and Management Thejustification for the market design as a level playing field

  9. The Detector System of The Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An, F P; Balantekin, A B; Band, H R; Beavis, D; Beriguete, W; Bishai, M; Blyth, S; Brown, R L; Butorov, I; Cao, D; Cao, G F; Cao, J; Carr, R; Cen, W R; Chan, W T; Chan, Y L; Chang, J F; Chang, L C; Chang, Y; Chasman, C; Chen, H Y; Chen, H S; Chen, M J; Chen, Q Y; Chen, S J; Chen, S M; Chen, X C; Chen, X H; Chen, X S; Chen, Y X; Chen, Y; Cheng, J H; Cheng, J; Cheng, Y P; Cherwinka, J J; Chidzik, S; Chow, K; Chu, M C; Cummings, J P; de Arcos, J; Deng, Z Y; Ding, X F; Ding, Y Y; Diwan, M V; Dong, L; Dove, J; Draeger, E; Du, X F; Dwyer, D A; Edwards, W R; Ely, S R; Fang, S D; Fu, J Y; Fu, Z W; Ge, L Q; Ghazikhanian, V; Gill, R; Goett, J; Gonchar, M; Gong, G H; Gong, H; Gornushkin, Y A; Grassi, M; Greenler, L S; Gu, W Q; Guan, M Y; Guo, R P; Guo, X H; Hackenburg, R W; Hahn, R L; Han, R; Hans, S; He, M; He, Q; He, W S; Heeger, K M; Heng, Y K; Higuera, A; Hinrichs, P; Ho, T H; Hoff, M; Hor, Y K; Hsiung, Y B; Hu, B Z; Hu, L M; Hu, L J; Hu, T; Hu, W; Huang, E C; Huang, H Z; Huang, H X; Huang, P W; Huang, X; Huang, X T; Huber, P; Hussain, G; Isvan, Z; Jaffe, D E; Jaffke, P; Jen, K L; Jetter, S; Ji, X P; Ji, X L; Jiang, H J; Jiang, W Q; Jiao, J B; Johnson, R A; Joseph, J; Kang, L; Kettell, S H; Kohn, S; Kramer, M; Kwan, K K; Kwok, M W; Kwok, T; Lai, C Y; Lai, W C; Lai, W H; Langford, T J; Lau, K; Lebanowski, L; Lee, J; Lee, M K P; Lei, R T; Leitner, R; Leung, J K C; Leung, K Y; Lewis, C A; Li, B; Li, C; Li, D J; Li, F; Li, G S; Li, J; Li, N Y; Li, Q J; Li, S F; Li, S C; Li, W D; Li, X B; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Y; Li, Y F; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, J; Lin, C J; Lin, G L; Lin, P Y; Lin, S X; Lin, S K; Lin, Y C; Ling, J J; Link, J M; Littenberg, L; Littlejohn, B R; Liu, B J; Liu, C; Liu, D W; Liu, H; Liu, J L; Liu, J C; Liu, S; Liu, S S; Liu, X; Liu, Y B; Lu, C; Lu, H Q; Lu, J S; Luk, A; Luk, K B; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Ma, L H; Ma, Q M; Ma, X Y; Ma, X B; Ma, Y Q; Mayes, B; McDonald, K T; McFarlane, M C; McKeown, R D; Meng, Y; Mitchell, I; Mohapatra, D; Kebwaro, J Monari; Morgan, J E; Nakajima, Y; Napolitano, J; Naumov, D; Naumova, E; Newsom, C; Ngai, H Y; Ngai, W K; Nie, Y B; Ning, Z; Ochoa-Ricoux, J P; Olshevskiy, A; Pagac, A; Pan, H -R; Patton, S; Pearson, C; Pec, V; Peng, J C; Piilonen, L E; Pinsky, L; Pun, C S J; Qi, F Z; Qi, M; Qian, X; Raper, N; Ren, B; Ren, J; Rosero, R; Roskovec, B; Ruan, X C; Sands, W R; Seilhan, B; Shao, B B; Shih, K; Song, W Y; Steiner, H; Stoler, P; Stuart, M; Sun, G X; Sun, J L; Tagg, N; Tam, Y H; Tanaka, H K; Tang, W; Tang, X; Taychenachev, D; Themann, H; Torun, Y; Trentalange, S; Tsai, O; Tsang, K V; Tsang, R H M; Tull, C E; Tung, Y C; Viaux, N; Viren, B; Virostek, S; Vorobel, V; Wang, C H; Wang, L S; Wang, L Y; Wang, L Z; Wang, M; Wang, N Y; Wang, R G; Wang, T; Wang, W; Wang, W W; Wang, X T; Wang, X; Wang, Y F; Wang, Z; Wang, Z M; Webber, D M; Wei, H Y; Wei, Y D; Wen, L J; Wenman, D L; Whisnant, K; White, C G; Whitehead, L; Whitten, C A; Wilhelmi, J; Wise, T; Wong, H C; Wong, H L H; Wong, J; Wong, S C F; Worcester, E; Wu, F F; Wu, Q; Xia, D M; Xia, J K; Xiang, S T; Xiao, Q; Xing, Z Z; Xu, G; Xu, J Y; Xu, J L; Xu, J; Xu, W; Xu, Y; Xue, T; Yan, J; Yang, C G; Yang, L; Yang, M S; Yang, M T; Ye, M; Yeh, M; Yeh, Y S; Yip, K; Young, B L; Yu, G Y; Yu, Z Y; Zeng, S; Zhan, L; Zhang, C; Zhang, F H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, J W; Zhang, K; Zhang, Q X; Zhang, Q M; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X T; Zhang, Y C; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y M; Zhang, Y X; Zhang, Z J; Zhang, Z Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, Y F; Zhao, Y B; Zheng, L; Zhong, W L; Zhou, L; Zhou, N; Zhou, Z Y; Zhuang, H L; Zimmerman, S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of $\\bar{\

  10. Modeling nitrogen cycling in forested watersheds of Chesapeake Bay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunsaker, C.T.; Garten, C.T.; Mulholland, P.J.

    1995-03-01

    The Chesapeake Bay Agreement calls for a 40% reduction of controllable phosphorus and nitrogen to the tidal Bay by the year 2000. To accomplish this goal the Chesapeake Bay Program needs accurate estimates of nutrient loadings, including atmospheric deposition, from various land uses. The literature was reviewed on forest nitrogen pools and fluxes, and nitrogen data from research catchments in the Chesapeake Basin were identified. The structure of a nitrogen module for forests is recommended for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Model along with the possible functional forms for fluxes.

  11. Current Perspectives on the Physical and Biological Processes of Humboldt Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, S. C.; Rasmussen, R.

    2007-01-01

    and licensing of bar pilots, assisting in the research of navigation and safety improvements for Humboldt Bay, coordinating the Humboldt Bay Oil

  12. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment...

  13. Shear Banding of Complex Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibaut Divoux; Marc A. Fardin; Sébastien Manneville; Sandra Lerouge

    2015-03-13

    Even in simple geometries many complex fluids display non-trivial flow fields, with regions where shear is concentrated. The possibility for such shear banding has been known since several decades, but the recent years have seen an upsurge of studies offering an ever more precise understanding of the phenomenon. The development of new techniques to probe the flow on multiple scales and with increasing spatial and temporal resolution has opened the possibility for a synthesis of the many phenomena that could only have been thought of separately before. In this review, we bring together recent research on shear banding in polymeric and on soft glassy materials, and highlight their similarities and disparities.

  14. Broad-band beam buncher

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, David A. (Walnut Creek, CA); Flood, William S. (Berkeley, CA); Arthur, Allan A. (Martinez, CA); Voelker, Ferdinand (Orinda, CA)

    1986-01-01

    A broad-band beam buncher is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-band response and the device as a whole designed to effect broad-band beam coupling, so as to minimize variations of the output across the response band.

  15. Willapa Bay Marine Ecology Research 1 Willapa Bay Marine Ecology Research: 2003 Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruesink, Jennifer

    for us ­ and, as you may have noticed, a "tent city" that periodically sprang up around our house, on average, by four days each decade since 1936, and the frequency of commercial sets is more common found for the last few years ­ but a little sooner, probably from the warm bay water conditions. Third

  16. Chesapeake Bay Chart 12254 Cape Henry to Thimble Shoal Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chesapeake Bay Chart 12254 ­ Cape Henry to Thimble Shoal Light BookletChart Commemorative Edition chart for navigation. · Complete, reduced scale nautical chart · Print at home for free · Convenient LIGHT The chart on the cover is Coast Chart No. 31, Chesapeake Bay­York River, Hampton Roads, Chesapeake

  17. Identifying Sources of Nitrogen to Hanalei Bay, Kauai, Utilizing the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    Identifying Sources of Nitrogen to Hanalei Bay, Kauai, Utilizing the Nitrogen Isotope Signature, Menlo Park, California 94025, and P.O. Box 681, Kilauea, Hawaii 96754 Sewage effluent, storm runoff of land derived nutrients into Hanalei Bay, Kauai. We determined the nitrogen isotopic signatures (15N

  18. Modeling the Circulation in Penobscot Bay, Maine Huijie Xue1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiu, Peng

    Xue et al1 Modeling the Circulation in Penobscot Bay, Maine Huijie Xue1 , Yu Xu1 , David Brooks2 , Neal Pettigrew1 , John Wallinga1 1. School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469 Penobscot Bay, with approximate dimensions 50 x 100 km, is the largest estuarine embayment along the Maine

  19. Neutron calibration sources in the Daya Bay experiment

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, J.; Carr, R.; Dwyer, D. A.; Gu, W. Q.; Li, G. S.; McKeown, R. D.; Qian, X.; Tsang, R. H. M.; Wu, F. F.; Zhang, C.

    2015-07-09

    We describe the design and construction of the low rate neutron calibration sources used in the Daya Bay Reactor Anti-neutrino Experiment. Such sources are free of correlated gamma-neutron emission, which is essential in minimizing induced background in the anti-neutrino detector. Thus, the design characteristics have been validated in the Daya Bay anti-neutrino detector.

  20. OFFSHORE FISHING IN BRISTOL BAY AND BERING SEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OFFSHORE FISHING IN BRISTOL BAY AND BERING SEA Marine Biological Laboratory DEC 19 1952 WOODS HOLE AND WILDLIFE SERVICE #12;#12;OFFSHORE FISHING IN BRISTOL BAY AND BERING SEA Marine Biological Laboratory DEC 19 governing the fishery 3 Experimental offshore fishing 5 Operations in 1939 6 Summary of 1939 operations , 13

  1. BayWa Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy ResourcesPoint,View,BayWa Group

  2. Hooper Bay Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea,Magazine Jump to: navigation,(SREP)Hooper Bay

  3. Bristol Bay Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformation Forest ServiceBridgewater2Bristol Bay

  4. Cleveland Bay Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clear PowerCleveland Bay Wind

  5. Band-to-band tunneling in silicon diodes and tunnel transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teherani, James Towfik

    2010-01-01

    This work studies the effect of mechanically applied uniaxial strain on reverse-bias band-to-band tunneling current in n+/p+ vertical silicon diodes fabricated on {100} and {110} substrate orientations. The Band Structure ...

  6. CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY OF FLORIDA BAY MACROPHYTES: 1995 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durako, Michael J.

    CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY OF FLORIDA BAY MACROPHYTES: 1995 ­ 2004 J. Brooke Landry................................................................................xiii BASIN-SCALE CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY OF FLORIDA BAY MACROPHYTES: 1995 ­ 2004............................................................................194 BAY-SCALE CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY OF FLORIDA BAY MACROPHYTES: 1995 ­ 2004

  7. Annual Banding Summary Rio Mesa Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    , 2014. Head bander: Laura Doll. Banding volunteers: Jason Socci, Christopher Henderson and Jenna Mc ­ October 9th , 2014. Head bander: Laura Doll. Banding volunteers: Alan Moss and Kaitlin Harrigan. Sixteen

  8. Banding in single crystals during plastic deformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Sivasambu

    Banding in single crystals during plastic deformation M. Arul Kumar a Sivasambu Mahesh a,b a. India. Abstract A rigid-plastic rate-independent crystal plasticity model capable of capturing band- ing such as dense dislocation walls. Key words: crystal plasticity, single crystal, macroscopic shear band, regular

  9. Low band gap polymers Organic Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low band gap polymers for Organic Photovoltaics Eva Bundgaard Ph.D. Dissertation Risř National Bundgaard Title: Low band gap polymers for Organic photovoltaics Department: The polymer department Report the area of organic photovoltaics are focusing on low band gap polymers, a type of polymer which absorbs

  10. Bayes Empirical Bayes Inference of Amino Acid Sites Under Positive Selection Ziheng Yang,* Wendy S.W. Wong, and Rasmus Nielsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    . In this paper, we develop a Bayes empirical Bayes (BEB) approach to the problem, which assigns a prior and simulated data sets. The results suggest that in small data sets the new BEB method does not generate false

  11. Muon Simulation at the Daya Bay SIte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mengyun, Guan; Jun, Cao; Changgen, Yang; Yaxuan, Sun; Luk, Kam-Biu

    2006-05-23

    With a pretty good-resolution mountain profile, we simulated the underground muon background at the Daya Bay site. To get the sea-level muon flux parameterization, a modification to the standard Gaisser's formula was introduced according to the world muon data. MUSIC code was used to transport muon through the mountain rock. To deploy the simulation, first we generate a statistic sample of sea-level muon events according to the sea-level muon flux distribution formula; then calculate the slant depth of muon passing through the mountain using an interpolation method based on the digitized data of the mountain; finally transport muons through rock to get underground muon sample, from which we can get results of muon flux, mean energy, energy distribution and angular distribution.

  12. Studies on the anatomy and ecological distribution of Dentalium texasianum Philippi 1848 in West Bay of the Galveston Bay complex (Mollusca: scaphopoda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Larry Randal

    1972-01-01

    STUDIES ON THE ANATOMY AND ECOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION OF DENTALIUM TEXASIANUM PHILIPPI 1848 IN WEST BAY OF THE GALVESTON BAY COMPLEX (MOLLUSCA:SCAPHOPODA) A Thesis by LARRY RANDAL PETERSEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1972 Major Subject: Biology STUDIES ON THE ANATOMY AND ECOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION OF DENTALIUM TEXASIANUM PHILIPPI 1848 IN WEST BAY OF THE GALVESTON BAY...

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Broad-band versus narrow-band irradiance for estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klimley, A. Peter

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Broad-band versus narrow-band irradiance for estimating latitude by archival tags of irradiance to estimate the latitude of archival tags was evaluated. These tags are placed on fishes in order irradiance with and without a cosine collector and narrow-band irradiance of seven narrow bands with 50

  14. Bayesian fusion of multi-band image fusion Bayesian fusion of multi-band image fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tourneret, Jean-Yves

    Bayesian fusion of multi-band image fusion Bayesian fusion of multi-band image fusion Beyond for Latent Variables", Feb. 2-4 2015 1 / 64 #12;Bayesian fusion of multi-band image fusion Context Multi School "Search for Latent Variables", Feb. 2-4 2015 2 / 64 #12;Bayesian fusion of multi-band image fusion

  15. Seagrass habitat utilization by fishes in Christmas Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crotwell, Patricia Lynn

    1997-01-01

    Fishes in Christmas Bay, TX were collected during April 1994 through March 1995 to: 1) assess temporal variability in their density, biomass, and diversity; 2) define the relationship between variability in fish population parameters...

  16. Manganese Oxidation In A Natural Marine Environment- San Antonio Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neyin, Rosemary Ogheneochuko

    2013-04-12

    the San Antonio Bay. In this study area, the formaldoxime assay was utilized to determine that manganese oxidation is catalyzed via multiple pathways utilizing various catalysts and proximal oxidants. The contribution of catalysts such as colloidal matter...

  17. Thermal Waters Along The Konocti Bay Fault Zone, Lake County...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thermal Waters Along The Konocti Bay Fault Zone, Lake County, California- A Re-Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article:...

  18. Assembly and Installation of the Daya Bay Antineutrino Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. R. Band; R. L. Brown; R. Carr; X. C. Chen; X. H. Chen; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; E. Draeger; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; R. Gill; J. Goett; L. S. Greenler; W. Q. Gu; W. S. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; T. H. Ho; M. Hoff; Y. B. Hsiung; Y. Jin; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; C. A. Lewis; G. S. Li; N. Li; S. F. Li; X. N. Li; C. J. Lin; B. R. Littlejohn; J. L. Liu; K. B. Luk; X. L. Luo; X. Y. Ma; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Nakajima; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Pagac; X. Qian; B. Seilhan; K. Shih; H. Steiner; X. Tang; H. Themann; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; S. Virostek; L. Wang; W. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; D. L. Wenman; J. Wilhelmi; M. Wingert; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; F. F. Wu; Q. Xiao; L. Yang; Z. J. Zhang; W. L. Zhong; H. L. Zhuang

    2013-09-06

    The Daya Bay reactor antineutrino experiment is designed to make a precision measurement of the neutrino mixing angle theta13, and recently made the definitive discovery of its nonzero value. It utilizes a set of eight, functionally identical antineutrino detectors to measure the reactor flux and spectrum at baselines of 300 - 2000m from the Daya Bay and Ling Ao Nuclear Power Plants. The Daya Bay antineutrino detectors were built in an above-ground facility and deployed side-by-side at three underground experimental sites near and far from the nuclear reactors. This configuration allows the experiment to make a precision measurement of reactor antineutrino disappearance over km-long baselines and reduces relative systematic uncertainties between detectors and nuclear reactors. This paper describes the assembly and installation of the Daya Bay antineutrino detectors.

  19. Project Reports for Keweenaw Bay Indian Community- 2010 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC) is committed to preserving our natural environment and reducing the amount of fossil fuels consumed while developing "green" business manufacturing jobs on tribal lands.

  20. JAMAICA BAY TASK FORCE MEETING Tuesday April 6, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Len Houston, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) 7:30 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Update Dan Mundy Jr., Jamaica Bay EcoWatchers 7:50 Recent Nitrogen Agreement with NYC Brad Sewell, Natural Resources Defense

  1. Cross-media approach to saving the Chesapeake Bay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Appleton, E.L.

    1995-12-01

    A project EPA began in August will investigate the possibility of cross-media emissions trading as a new approach to reducing nitrogen loadings to the Chesapeake Bay. Working with the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), the Agency hopes to device a NO{sub x} trading framework along the lines of existing sulfur dioxide trading plans to control acid rain. The Chesapeake Air Project will examine the feasibility of using emissions trading between and water sources, including trading credits between power plants and mobile sources, to reduce the atmospheric deposition of nitrogen to the bay. The progress of the Bay Program nutrient reduction goals is up for reevaluation in 1997, and Knopes and EDF economist Brian Morton have high hopes that the trading plan, which would place a cap on the mass of emissions and rate of deposition allowed by all sources, will become the atmospheric deposition portion of the Chesapeake Bay Program`s Nutrient Reduction Strategy. 6 refs.

  2. Project Reports for Keweenaw Bay Indian Community- 2010 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The goal of the project is to build the staff capacity to enable the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC) to establish a tribal weatherization program that promotes energy sufficiency throughout the tribal community.

  3. Fish assemblages on coral reefs in Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahendran, Christopher Kandiah

    1999-01-01

    Species composition and relative abundance of ichthyofaunal assemblages on reefs surrounding Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras were censused from June through December 1996. Transect and random swim surveys were used to characterize community structure...

  4. Preliminary Investigation of Tracer Gas Reaeration Method for Shallow Bays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Sarah H.; Holley, Edward R.

    1987-01-01

    Accurate estimates of surface exchange rates for volatile pollutants in bays are needed to allow predictions of pollutant movement and retention time. The same types of estimates can be used to calculate reaeration rates. The tracer gas technique...

  5. Geological oceanography of the Atchafalaya Bay area, Louisiana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Warren Charles

    1953-01-01

    GEOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE ATCHAFALAYA BAY AREA, LOUISIANA A Dissertation By WARREN CHARLES THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: t/yu*-. W. Armstrong Price,' Chairman of Committee Dale F. Leipper, Head of May 1953 GEOLOGICAL... OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE ATCHAFALAYA BAY AREA, LOUISIANA By WARREN CHARLES THOMPSON111 A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

  6. On the circulation and tidal flushing of Mobile Bay, Alabama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, George Belden

    1953-01-01

    of Symbols, Tables ~ . . . I, INTRODUCTION Historical B. Classification of Estuaries C. Ob]ectives II. GENERAL DISCUSSION OF NOBILE BAY A. Geomorphological B. Geological C. Biological iii ~ ~ vi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o sic.... Collection of Data 27 2B V, ANALYSIS OF THE DATA A. Methods B. Distribution of Temperature, Salinity, and Fresh Water Page 30 30 C. Circulation D. Mass Transport . E. Tidal Flushing of Mobile Bay . VI ~ SUMMAHY AND CONCLUSIONS VII, BIBLIOGRAPHY...

  7. Subenvironments of deposition in San Antonio Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Gary Lynn

    1973-01-01

    SUBENVIRONMENTS OF DEPOSITION IN SAN ANTONIO BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by GARY LYNN HALL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major... Subject: Oceanography SUBENVIRONMENTS OF DEPOSITION IN SAN ANTONIO BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by GARY LYNN HALL Approved as to style and content by: hairman o ommi ttee Head of epartme, Mem er Mem e er December 1973 ABSTRACT Subenvironments...

  8. Bay Alarm Contract: Campus Notification Purchasing has established a 3 year master agreement with Bay Alarm for burglary monitoring services,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bay Alarm Contract: Campus Notification Purchasing has established a 3 year master agreement verification fees, as I will pay those if you use the negotiated agreement. As long as you have existing phone

  9. Photonic band gap structure simulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Chiping; Shapiro, Michael A.; Smirnova, Evgenya I.; Temkin, Richard J.; Sirigiri, Jagadishwar R.

    2006-10-03

    A system and method for designing photonic band gap structures. The system and method provide a user with the capability to produce a model of a two-dimensional array of conductors corresponding to a unit cell. The model involves a linear equation. Boundary conditions representative of conditions at the boundary of the unit cell are applied to a solution of the Helmholtz equation defined for the unit cell. The linear equation can be approximated by a Hermitian matrix. An eigenvalue of the Helmholtz equation is calculated. One computation approach involves calculating finite differences. The model can include a symmetry element, such as a center of inversion, a rotation axis, and a mirror plane. A graphical user interface is provided for the user's convenience. A display is provided to display to a user the calculated eigenvalue, corresponding to a photonic energy level in the Brilloin zone of the unit cell.

  10. The Cost of the Technological Sublime: Daring Ingenuity and the new San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frick, Karen Trapenberg

    2008-01-01

    Cruz. ‘Unity Towers East Bay Bridge‘, New East Span ProposalSubmitted to MTC Bay Bridge Design Task Force, 6 May.Francisco- Oakland Bay Bridge, T.Y. Lin International and

  11. Engineering Dilute Nitride Semiconductor Alloys for Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luce, Alexander Vallejo

    2015-01-01

    Shockley-Queisser limit 2 Intermediate band solar cells 2.1for viable intermediate band solar cells . . . . 2.6for intermediate band solar cell. (a) Schematic band diagram

  12. X-BAND KLYSTRON DEVELOPMENT AT SLAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vlieks, Arnold E.; /SLAC

    2009-08-03

    The development of X-band klystrons at SLAC originated with the idea of building an X-band Linear Collider in the late 1980's. Since then much effort has been expended in developing a reliable X-band Power source capable of delivering >50 MW RF power in pulse widths >1.5 {micro}s. I will report on some of the technical issues and design strategies which have led to the current SLAC klystron designs.

  13. Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians- 2011 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians would like to begin to focus on renewable sources for electricity and to actively target lowering the energy usage of the community.

  14. Multi-band high efficiency power amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besprozvanny, Randy-Alexander Randolph

    2011-01-01

    power levels associated with the design objective. There are two switchingPower Gain and PAE CHAPTER 8 Multi-Band Shunt Switching Networks The previous design

  15. Proceedings of the Symposium: Current Perspectives on the Physical and Biological Processes of Humboldt Bay, March 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, S. C.

    2007-01-01

    and licensing of bar pilots, assisting in the research of navigation and safety improvements for Humboldt Bay, coordinating the Humboldt Bay Oil

  16. Cathodic Protection of the Yaquina Bay Bridge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bullard, Sophie J.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Russell, James H.; Laylor, H.M.; Cryer, C.B.

    2001-02-01

    The Yaquina Bay Bridge in Newport, Oregon, was designed by Conde B. McCullough and built in 1936. The 3,223-foot (982 m) structure is a combination of concrete arch approach spans and a steel through arch over the shipping channel. Cathodic protection is used to prevent corrosion damage to the concrete arches. The Oregon Department of Transportation (Oregon DOT) installed a carbon anode coating (DAC-85) on two of the north approach spans in 1985. This anode was operated at a current density of 6.6 mA/m2(0.6 mA/ft2). No failure of the conductive anode was observed in 1990, five years after application, or in 2000, 15 years after application. Thermal-sprayed zinc anodes 20 mils (0.5 mm) thick were applied to half the south approach spans beginning in 1990. Thermal-sprayed zinc anodes 15 mils (0.4 mm) thick were applied to the remaining spans in 1996. These anodes were operated at a current density of 2.2 mA/m2(0.2 mA/ft2). In 1999, four zones on the approach spans were included in a two-year field trial of humectants to improve zinc anode performance. The humectants LiNO3 and LiBr were applied to two zones; the two adjacent zones were left untreated as controls. The humectants substantially reduced circuit resistance compared to the controls.

  17. Broad-band beam buncher

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, D.A.; Flood, W.S.; Arthur, A.A.; Voelker, F.

    1984-03-20

    A broad-band beam bunther is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-

  18. Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to Bay Area to Highlight...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to Bay Area to Highlight State of the Union Address, Commitment to Clean Energy Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to Bay Area to Highlight...

  19. Natural geological responses to anthropogenic alterations of the naples bay estuarine system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fielder, Bryan Robert

    2009-05-15

    .1 Regional Geologic Setting....................................................................... 4 2.2 Environmental Setting ............................................................................. 5 2.3 Historical Anthropogenic Alterations... ............................................................... 19 4.2.2 Southern Naples Bay ............................................................... 20 4.2.3 Dollar Bay ............................................................................... 22 5. DISCUSSION...

  20. Hydro INTERNATIONAL | OCTOBER 2015 | 21 Figure 1: Bechevin Bay Inlet System.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Hydro INTERNATIONAL | OCTOBER 2015 | 21 FEATURE | Figure 1: Bechevin Bay Inlet System. Bechevin Bay, the derived bathymetry was limited to very shallow depths because of the sediment #12;| OCTOBER 2015 | Hydro

  1. FISHES, MACROINVERTEBRATES, AND HYDROLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF UPLAND CANALS IN TAMPA BAY, FLORIDA'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the estuary. Shortly after draglines removed earth plugs between the excavated canal system and the bay

  2. Education Program for Improved Water Quality in Copano Bay Final Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthold, A.; Moench, E.; Wagner, K.; Paschal, J.

    2012-05-17

    delivered educational programs to landowners throughout the watershed. Result demonstrations, county programs, one-on-one landowner assistance, BMP exhibits, Ag Tours, publications and other educational meetings have been used to reach the widest array... in Copano Bay to assess any potential trends or changes that have occurred. Summary of Task 2 Report Copano Bay is a 65-square-mile estuary located northeast of Corpus Christi, Texas. Port Bay, Mission Bay, the Aransas River arm, and the eastern...

  3. Anthropogenic Influence on Recent Bathymetric Change in West-Central San Francisco Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Patrick; Kvitek, Rikk

    2010-01-01

    Bay coastal system. Sedimentology, In: Li M, Sherwood C,Publication Book on Shelf Sedimentology. 33 p. Fregoso TA,

  4. Apparatus for loading a band saw blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reeves, S.R.

    1990-03-20

    A band saw blade is loaded between pairs of guide wheels upon tensioning the blade by guiding the blade between pairs of spaced guide plates which define converging slots that converge toward the guide wheels. The approach is particularly useful in loading blades on underwater band saw machines used to cut radioactive materials. 2 figs.

  5. Apparatus for loading a band saw blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reeves, Steven R. (49 Williams Ave., West Valley, NY 14171)

    1990-01-01

    A band saw blade is loaded between pairs of guide wheels upon tensioning the blade by guiding the blade between pairs of spaced guide plates which define converging slots that converge toward the guide wheels. The approach is particularly useful in loading blades on underwater band saw machines used to cut radioactive materials.

  6. Narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Madan, A.; Mahan, A.H.

    1985-01-10

    Disclosed is a narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprising an alloy of amorphous silicon and a band gap narrowing element selected from the group consisting of Sn, Ge, and Pb, with an electron donor dopant selected from the group consisting of P, As, Sb, Bi and N. The process for producing the narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprises the steps of forming an alloy comprising amorphous silicon and at least one of the aforesaid band gap narrowing elements in amount sufficient to narrow the band gap of the silicon semiconductor alloy below that of amorphous silicon, and also utilizing sufficient amounts of the aforesaid electron donor dopant to maintain the amorphous silicon alloy as an n-type semiconductor.

  7. A regional numerical ocean model of the circulation in the Bay of Biscay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drijfhout, Sybren

    A regional numerical ocean model of the circulation in the Bay of Biscay Y. Friocourt,1,2,3 B Peninsula and in the Bay of Biscay is investigated by means of a regional ocean model. In particular numerical ocean model of the circulation in the Bay of Biscay, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C09008, doi:10

  8. Sedimentary environments and processes in a shallow, Gulf Coast Estuary-Lavaca Bay, Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bronikowski, Jason Lee

    2004-11-15

    Sedimentation rates in sediment cores from Lavaca Bay have been high within the last 1-2 decays within the central portion of the bay, with small fluctuations from river input. Lavaca Bay is a broad, flat, and shallow (<3 m) microtidal estuary...

  9. Naval submarine base Kings Bay and Bangor soil evaluations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcomb, David Joseph; Patteson, Raymond; Wesenberg, Donald L.; Attaway, Stephen W.

    2004-08-01

    This report provides soil evaluation and characterization testing for the submarine bases at Kings Bay, Georgia, and Bangor, Washington, using triaxial testing at high confining pressures with different moisture contents. In general, the samples from the Bangor and Kings Bay sites appeared to be stronger than a previously used reference soil. Assuming the samples of the material were representative of the material found at the sites, they should be adequate for use in the planned construction. Since soils can vary greatly over even a small site, a soil specification for the construction contractor would be needed to insure that soil variations found at the site would meet or exceed the requirements. A suggested specification for the Bangor and Kings Bay soils was presented based on information gathered from references plus data obtained from this study, which could be used as a basis for design by the construction contractor.

  10. Recent marine podocopid Ostracoda of Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, R. B.

    1966-11-23

    major factors: ( I) inadequate collecting station location density; (2) lack of en- vironmental data obtained at time of sampling; and (3), loss of portions of the sample attributable to leakage of the sampling apparatus. It may be that the third factor... ni. FM 6. Propontocypris edwardsi ( CusHmAN), a-c, RV int., LV hinge, both valves dorsal, X 90. Williams-Podocopid Ostracoda of Narragansett Bay 13 Material.-Specimens 34, of which 29 were articulated. Distribution.-Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island...

  11. AGE, GROWTH, SEX RATIO, AND MATURITY OF THE WHITEFISH IN CENTRAL GREEN BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS OF LAKE MICHIGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lighter than those from Green Bay. Weight increased to the 3.386 power of length in Green Bay (combinedAGE, GROWTH, SEX RATIO, AND MATURITY OF THE WHITEFISH IN CENTRAL GREEN BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS from five localities In central Green Bay in 1948-49 and 1951-52 and 204 in a single 1948 collection

  12. Inventory and analysis of bay management structure for the Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary Program study area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard, B.; Bacon, E.; Dietz, R.; DeMoors, K.; Needham, K.

    1996-02-01

    This report characterizes the existing resource management framework for the Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary Program (CCBNEP) study area. Historical and current regulatory and non-regulatory approaches to resource management were examined, and an identification made of the significant gaps or overlaps in organizational roles and authorities. Efforts were taken to coordinate the Base Program Analysis with that for the Galveston Bay NEP, the Texas Coastal Management Program, and other similar projects, to both build upon and ensure that efforts are not duplicated.

  13. Bayes Estimation for the Marshall-Olkin Bivariate Weibull Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Debasis

    Bayes Estimation for the Marshall-Olkin Bivariate Weibull Distribution Debasis Kundu1 & Arjun K distribution. It is a singular distribution whose marginals are Weibull dis- tributions with respect to the squared error loss function and the prior distributions allow for prior dependence among

  14. Covered Product Category: Industrial Luminaires (High/Low Bay)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements for Industrial Luminaires (High/Low Bay). Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  15. UMCESUNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND CENTER for ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CHESAPEAKE BAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    : Utility of ConMon Data for Assessing Shallow Water Habitats 2-1 Community Metabolism: Use of ConMon Data on ConMon data collected along a eutrophication gradient from the Maryland Coastal Bays (A) Bishopville versus daily DO range (max DO ­ min DO) based on ConMon data collected along a eutrophication gradient

  16. Water Recycling Becomes Reality In the South Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Recycling Becomes Reality In the South Bay 12th Biennial State of the San Francisco Estuary Conference Friday September 18, 2015 #12;2 Presentation will cover: Santa Clara Valley Water District and Water Supply Picture Silicon Valley Advanced Water Purification Center Recycled Water Expansion- Potable

  17. Predicting Customer Behavior using Naive Bayes and Maximum Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keysers, Daniel

    of returned goods, we additionally generated two binary features for zero and missing values. The remaining Naive Bayes, Maximum Entropy, Neural Networks and Logistic Regression for classification of cus- tomer classifiers won the Data-Mining-Cup in 2004. Combining Logistic Regression, Neural Networks, and Maximum

  18. AT GUANTANAMO BAY: A HYBRID WIND-DIESEL SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND POWER AT GUANTANAMO BAY: A HYBRID WIND-DIESEL SYSTEM FOR THE US NAVY AT GUANTANAMO NAVAL BASE Laboratory and are actively developing what will be the world's largest wind-diesel hybrid electric plant. The pending installation of four 950-kW wind turbines to supplement the 22.8 MW diesel electricity plant

  19. Observations of remote and local forcing in Galveston Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guannel, Gregory

    2001-01-01

    . The observations show that the subtidal water surface energy increases with decreasing frequency, and that amount of energy increases with distance towards the end of the estuary. The surface setup and the water elevation at the entrance of the bay are asymmetric...

  20. Manufacturing Facility/ Bay Library Information Introduction what is BREEAM?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Manufacturing Facility/ Bay Library Information Introduction ­ what is BREEAM? BREEAM is one Trust. For further information on the BRE Trust please refer to their website www.bre.co.uk BREEAM that the building can be simply identified. BREEAM Rating and score Targeting BREEAM `Excellent' 70.0% BREEAM

  1. Risk assessment for produced water discharges to Louisiana Open Bays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meinhold, A.F.; DePhillips, M.P.; Holtzman, S.

    1995-06-23

    Data were collected prior to termination of discharge at three sites (including two open bay sites at Delacroix Island and Bay De Chene) for the risk assessments. The Delacroix Island Oil and Gas Field has been in production since the first well drilling in 1940; the Bay De Chene Field, since 1942. Concentrations of 226Ra, 228Ra, 210Po, and 228Th were measured in discharges. Radium conc. were measured in fish and shellfish tissues. Sediment PAH and metal conc. were also available. Benthos sampling was conducted. A survey of fishermen was conducted. The tiered risk assessment showed that human health risks from radium in produced water appear to be small; ecological risk from radium and other radionuclides in produced water also appear small. Many of the chemical contaminants discharged to open Louisiana bays appear to present little human health or ecological risk. A conservative screening analysis suggested potential risks to human health from Hg and Pb and a potential risk to ecological receptors from total effluent, Sb, Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni, Ag, Zn, and phenol in the water column and PAHs in sediment; quantitiative risk assessments are being done for these contaminants.

  2. Control Banding and Nanotechnology Synergist

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zalk, D; Paik, S

    2009-12-15

    The average Industrial Hygienist (IH) loves a challenge, right? Okay, well here is one with more than a few twists. We start by going through the basics of a risk assessment. You have some chemical agents, a few workers, and the makings of your basic exposure characterization. However, you have no occupational exposure limit (OEL), essentially no toxicological basis, and no epidemiology. Now the real handicap is that you cannot use sampling pumps, cassettes, tubes, or any of the media in your toolbox, and the whole concept of mass-to-dose is out the window, even at high exposure levels. Of course, by the title, you knew we were talking about nanomaterials (NM). However, we wonder how many IHs know that this topic takes everything you know about your profession and turns it upside down. It takes the very foundations that you worked so hard in college and in the field to master and pulls it out from underneath you. It even takes the gold standard of our profession, the quantitative science of exposure assessment, and makes it look pretty darn rusty. Now with NM there is the potential to get some aspect of quantitative measurements, but the instruments are generally very expensive and getting an appropriate workplace personal exposure measurement can be very difficult if not impossible. The potential for workers getting exposures, however, is very real, as evidenced by a recent publication reporting worker exposures to polyacrylate nanoparticles in a Chinese factory (Song et al. 2009). With something this complex and challenging, how does a concept as simple as Control Banding (CB) save the day? Although many IHs have heard of CB, most of their knowledge comes from its application in the COSHH Essentials toolkit. While there is conflicting published research on COSHH Essentials and its value for risk assessments, almost all of the experts agree that it can be useful when no OELs are available (Zalk and Nelson 2008). It is this aspect of CB, its utility with uncertainty, that attracted international NM experts to recommend this qualitative risk assessment approach for NM. However, since their CB recommendation was only in theory, we took on the challenge of developing a working toolkit, the CB Nanotool (see Zalk et al. 2009 and Paik et al. 2008), as a means to perform a risk assessment and protect researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While it's been acknowledged that engineered NM have potentially endless benefits for society, it became clear to us that the very properties that make nanotechnology so useful to industry could also make them dangerous to humans and the environment. Among the uncertainties and unknowns with NM are: the contribution of their physical structure to their toxicity, significant differences in their deposition and clearance in the lungs when compared to their parent material (PM), a lack of agreement on the appropriate indices for exposure to NM, and very little background information on exposure scenarios or populations at risk. Part of this lack of background information can be traced to the lack of risk assessments historically performed in the industry, with a recent survey indicating that 65% of companies working with NM are not doing any kind of NM-specific risk assessment as they focus on traditional PM methods for IH (Helland et al. 2009). The good news is that the amount of peer-reviewed publications that address environmental, health and safety aspects of NM has been increasing over the last few years; however, the percentage of these that address practical methods to reduce exposure and protect workers is orders of magnitude lower. Our intent in developing the CB Nanotool was to create a simplified approach that would protect workers while unraveling the mysteries of NM for experts and non-experts alike. Since such a large part of the toxicological effects of both the physical and chemical properties of NM were unknown, not to mention changing logarithmically as new NM research continues growing, we needed to account for this lack of information as part of the CB Nano

  3. The Carolina Bay Restoration Project - Final Report 2000-2006.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, Christopher

    2007-12-15

    A Wetlands Mitigation Bank was established at SRS in 1997 as a compensatory alternative for unavoidable wetland losses. Prior to restoration activities, 16 sites included in the project were surveyed for the SRS Site Use system to serve as a protective covenant. Pre-restoration monitoring ended in Fall 2000, and post restoration monitoring began in the Winter/Spring of 2001. The total interior harvest in the 16 bays after harvesting the trees was 19.6 ha. The margins in the opencanopy, pine savanna margin treatments were thinned. Margins containing areas with immature forested stands (bay 5184 and portions of bay 5011) were thinned using a mechanical shredder in November 2001. Over 126 hectares were included in the study areas (interior + margin). Planting of two tree species and the transplanting of wetland grass species was successful. From field surveys, it was estimated that approximately 2700 Nyssa sylvatica and 1900 Taxodium distichum seedlings were planted in the eight forested bays resulting in an average planting density of ? 490 stems ha-1. One hundred seedlings of each species per bay (where available) were marked to evaluate survivability and growth. Wetland grass species were transplanted from donor sites on SRS to plots that ranged in size from 100 – 300 m2, depending on wetland size. On 0.75 and 0.6 meter centers, respectively, 2198 plugs of Panicum hemitomon and 3021 plugs Leersia hexandra were transplanted. New shoots originating from the stumps were treated with a foliar herbicide (Garlon® 4) during the summer of 2001 using backpack sprayers. Preliminary information from 2000-2004 regarding the hydrologic, vegetation and faunal response to restoration is presented in this status report.

  4. ormon crickets and juvenile locusts form huge migratory bands --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynne, Darryl T.

    radiotelemetrytoovercometheseproblems. The mormon cricket, Anabrus simplex, is a flightless katydid6 , native to western North America migratory bands with that of individuals transplanted from the band to nearby sites; mormon- cricket bands

  5. ISM band to U-NII band frequency transverter and method of frequency transversion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stepp, Jeffrey David (Grandview, MO); Hensley, Dale (Grandview, MO)

    2006-09-12

    A frequency transverter (10) and method for enabling bi-frequency dual-directional transfer of digitally encoded data on an RF carrier by translating between a crowded or otherwise undesirable first frequency band, such as the 2.4 GHz ISM band, and a less-crowded or otherwise desirable second frequency band, such as the 5.0 GHz 6.0 GHz U-NII band. In a preferred embodiment, the transverter (10) connects between an existing data radio (11) and its existing antenna (30), and comprises a bandswitch (12); an input RF isolating device (14); a transmuter (16); a converter (18); a dual output local oscillator (20); an output RF isolating device (22); and an antenna (24) tuned to the second frequency band. The bandswitch (12) allows for bypassing the transverter (10), thereby facilitating its use with legacy systems. The transmuter (14) and converter (16) are adapted to convert to and from, respectively, the second frequency band.

  6. ISM band to U-NII band frequency transverter and method of frequency transversion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stepp, Jeffrey David (Grandview, MO); Hensley, Dale (Grandview, MO)

    2006-04-04

    A frequency transverter (10) and method for enabling bi-frequency dual-directional transfer of digitally encoded data on an RF carrier by translating between a crowded or otherwise undesirable first frequency band, such as the 2.4 GHz ISM band, and a less-crowded or otherwise desirable second frequency band, such as the 5.0 GHz-6.0 GHz U-NII band. In a preferred embodiment, the transverter (10) connects between an existing data radio (11) and its existing antenna (30), and comprises a bandswitch (12); an input RF isolating device (14); a transmuter (16); a converter (18); a dual output local oscillator (20); an output RF isolating device (22); and an antenna (24) tuned to the second frequency band. The bandswitch (12) allows for bypassing the transverter (10), thereby facilitating its use with legacy systems. The transmuter (14) and converter (16) are adapted to convert to and from, respectively, the second frequency band.

  7. Modeling fluid flow in deformation bands with stabilized localization...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Modeling fluid flow in deformation bands with stabilized localization mixed finite elements. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Modeling fluid flow in deformation bands...

  8. Problem set 2: Constructing a nutrient budget for Bellingham Bay In recent years the concentration of dissolved oxygen in bottom water in Bellingham Bay has been

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, David H.

    (NO3 ) was highest in the deep water entering Bellingham Bay from the Strait of Georgia. Ammonium was slightly lower than that in deep water (Table 1). However, in much of the surface water in Bellingham Bay Nooksack River water and deep water (Fig.2). Nitrite concentrations (NO2 ) were generally low. Water

  9. SODAR DATA FROM OYSTER BAY AT WINYAH BAY NATIONAL ESTUARINE RESEARCH RESERVE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, R.; Kohn, J.; Rigas, N.; Boessneck, E.; Kress, E.; Gayes, P.

    2013-04-29

    The SecondWind Triton® is a SODAR (SOnic Detection And Ranging) sonic wind profiler (Triton® sodar) system capable of profiling the wind characteristics up to 200m above the instrument. SODAR systems transmit acoustic chirps into the atmosphere and measure the backscattered signal returned to the device. The primary source of acoustic scattering is variations in air temperature, which cause changes in the refractive index of sound. By measuring the Doppler?shifted frequency of these returned signals, the Triton® can calculate the wind’s speed and direction for the volume of air above the instrument, measured at ten fixed heights, known as station heights. The Triton® is specifically designed for the purpose of wind energy resource assessment as it can remotely capture wind data at heights above ground where wind turbine rotors operate. The measurements made include horizontal wind speed and direction, vertical wind speed, and turbulence. Other integrated sensors provide time and location via GPS, barometric pressure, humidity, and the tilt of the instrument. The study area is located east of Georgetown, South Carolina in North Inlet ? Winyah Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. The monitoring period for data in this report begins 5/14/2009 9:30:00 AM EST and ends 8/2/2010 11:40:00 AM EST.

  10. Energy Band Model Based on Effective Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viktor Ariel

    2012-09-06

    In this work, we demonstrate an alternative method of deriving an isotropic energy band model using a one-dimensional definition of the effective mass and experimentally observed dependence of mass on energy. We extend the effective mass definition to anti-particles and particles with zero rest mass. We assume an often observed linear dependence of mass on energy and derive a generalized non-parabolic energy-momentum relation. The resulting non-parabolicity leads to velocity saturation at high particle energies. We apply the energy band model to free relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials and obtain commonly used dispersion relations and experimentally confirmed effective masses. We apply the model to zero rest mass particles in graphene and propose using the effective mass for photons. Therefore, it appears that the new energy band model based on the effective mass can be applied to relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials.

  11. High power W-band klystrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caryotakis, George; Scheitrum, Glenn; Jongewaard, Erik; Vlieks, Arnold; Fowkes, Randy [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Li, Jeff [University of California Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

    1999-05-01

    The development of W-band klystrons is discussed. Modeling of the klystron performance predicts 100 kW output power from a single klystron. The permanent magnet focusing and small size of the circuit permit combination of multiple klystrons in a module. A six-klystron module in a single vacuum envelope is expected to produce 500 kW peak power and up to 5 kW average power. The critical issues in the W-band klystron development are the electron beam transport and the fabrication of the klystron circuit. Two microfabrication techniques, EDM and LIGA, are being evaluated to produce the W-band circuit. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. Runaway Bay, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan:Roxbury, Vermont:(RedirectedEasements ||Runaway Bay,

  13. South Bay, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSiliciumEnergy IncAshburnham, Massachusetts:Barrington,Bay,

  14. An ecological study of the benthic macrofauna of Matagorda Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marland, Frederick C

    1958-01-01

    . Mitchell's vork iu Nategorda Bay is of such interest that it vill be discussed Lu a later section, Iu 1905~ Moors (1907) studied the oyster bcttons of Natagorda Bay ? partieularIy Halfssen Beef. Tbs purpose of this and other Lurestlgations that followed... vas an attsupt tc inorease the produotion of oysters in the Texas bays. A fev years later, Rxee and Dauglade (1915) ascertained ths character of the oyster bede@ ecologioal factors, eneniss aui pestsy and usda suggestions to benefit the oyster...

  15. Spectral measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation amplitude and frequency at Daya Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daya Bay Collaboration; F. P. An; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; R. L. Brown; I. Butorov; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; R. Carr; Y. L. Chan; J. F. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. S. Chen; H. Y. Chen; S. J. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. C. Chen; X. H. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. X. Chen; Y. P. Cheng; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; J. de Arcos; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; J. Y. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; Y. A. Gornushkin; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; R. L. Hahn; G. H. Han; S. Hans; M. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; yk. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; L. J. Hu; L. M. Hu; T. Hu; W. Hu; E. C. Huang; H. X. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; G. Hussain; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; P. Jaffke; S. Jetter; X. L. Ji; X. P. Ji; H. J. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; W. C. Lai; W. H. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; A. Leung; J. K. C. Leung; C. A. Lewis; D. J. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; Q. J. Li; W. D. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. F. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. C. Liu; J. L. Liu; S. S. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; K. B. Luk; Q. M. Ma; X. B. Ma; X. Y. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; I. Mitchell; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; E. Naumova; I. Nemchenok; H. Y. Ngai; W. K. Ngai; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; B. Ren; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. B. Shao; H. Steiner; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; H. K. Tanaka; X. Tang; H. Themann; S. Trentalange; O. Tsai; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; L. Z. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; W. W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; S. C. F. Wong; E. Worcester; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; J. K. Xia; X. Xia; Z. Z. Xing; J. Xu; J. L. Xu; J. Y. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; J. Yan; C. G. Yang; L. Yang; M. S. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; G. Y. Yu; J. Y. Yu; Z. Y. Yu; S. L. Zang; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

    2014-01-15

    A measurement of the energy dependence of antineutrino disappearance at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is reported. Electron antineutrinos ($\\overline{\

  16. The hunt for theta13 at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei Wang; for the Daya Bay collaboration

    2009-10-23

    The Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is located at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant in Shenzhen, China. The experiment deploys eight "identical" antineutrino detectors to measure antineutrino fluxes from six 2.9 GW_{th} reactor cores in three underground experimental halls at different distances. The target zone of the Daya Bay detector is filled with 20 t 0.1% Gd doped LAB liquid scintillator. The baseline uncorrelated detector uncertainty is ~0.38% using current experimental techniques. Daya Bay can reach a sensitivity of <0.01 to $sin^2 2theta_{13}$ with baseline uncertainties after 3 years of data taking.

  17. The hunt for theta13 at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei

    2009-01-01

    The Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is located at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant in Shenzhen, China. The experiment deploys eight "identical" antineutrino detectors to measure antineutrino fluxes from six 2.9 GW_{th} reactor cores in three underground experimental halls at different distances. The target zone of the Daya Bay detector is filled with 20 t 0.1% Gd doped LAB liquid scintillator. The baseline uncorrelated detector uncertainty is ~0.38% using current experimental techniques. Daya Bay can reach a sensitivity of <0.01 to $sin^2 2theta_{13}$ with baseline uncertainties after 3 years of data taking.

  18. Sandia Energy - Bay-Area National Labs Team to Tackle Long-Standing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bay-Area National Labs Team to Tackle Long-Standing Automotive Hydrogen-Storage Challenge Home Energy Transportation Energy Facilities Capabilities News News & Events Research &...

  19. High-resolution pollutant transport in the San Pedro Bay of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohan, Alexander; Wu, Jun; Dabdub, Donald

    2011-01-01

    pollutant transport in the San Pedro Bay   of California California Institute of Technology (UCI–CIT) three– dimensional  atmospheric  chemical  transport 

  20. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians- 2011 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Cabazon Band of Mission Indians' long-range goals are to become energy self-sufficient, foster economic diversity, grow jobs, and improve the well-being of members of the tribe as well as those in its region of Southern California.

  1. Optimizing Energy Consumption in Terahertz Band Nanonetworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weigle, Michele

    1 Optimizing Energy Consumption in Terahertz Band Nanonetworks Shahram Mohrehkesh, IEEE Student the maximum utilization of harvested energy in perpetual wireless nanonetworks, where nanonodes communicate of energy. Compounding the problem, the arrival of energy is not constant, but follows a stochastic process

  2. X-Band Photoinjector Beam Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Feng; Adolphsen, Chris; Ding, Yuantao; Li, Zenghai; Vlieks, Arnold; /SLAC

    2011-12-13

    SLAC is studying the feasibility of using an X-band RF photocathode gun to produce low emittance bunches for applications such as a mono-energetic MeV {gamma} ray source (in collaboration with LLNL) and a photoinjector for a compact FEL. Beam dynamics studies are being done for a configuration consisting of a 5.5-cell X-band gun followed by several 53-cell high-gradient X-band accelerator structures. A fully 3D program, ImpactT, is used to track particles taking into account space charge forces, short-range longitudinal and transverse wakefields, and the 3D rf fields in the structures, including the quadrupole component of the couplers. The effect of misalignments of the various elements, including the drive-laser, gun, solenoid and accelerator structures, are evaluated. This paper presents these results and estimates of the expected bunch emittance vs cathode gradient, and the effects of mixing between the fundamental and off-frequency longitudinal modes. An X-band gun at SLAC has been shown to operate reliably with a 200 MV/m acceleration gradient at the cathode, which is nearly twice the 115 MV/m acceleration gradient in the LCLS gun. The higher gradient should roughly balance the space charge related transverse emittance growth for the same bunch charge but provide a 3-4 times shorter bunch length. The shorter length would make the subsequent bunch compression easier and allow for a more effective use of emittance exchange. Such a gun can also be used with an X-band linac to produce a compact FEL or g ray source that would require rf sources of only one frequency for beam generation and acceleration. The feasibility of using an X-band rf photocathode gun and accelerator structures to generate high quality electron beams for compact FELs and g ray sources is being studied at SLAC. Results from the X-band photoinjector beam dynamics studies are reported in this paper.

  3. Avian Communities in Tidal Salt Marshes of San Francisco Bay: A Review of Functional Groups by Foraging Guild and Habitat Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    report on the Cargill Salt Ponds. Senate select committee onartificial salt evaporation ponds of the San Francisco BayMA. 2005. South Bay salt ponds restoration project short-

  4. Ecosystem under Pressure: Examining the Phytoplankton Community in the High Ballast Water Discharge Environment of Galveston Bay, Texas (USA) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steichen, Jamie L

    2013-01-15

    . Dinoflagellates, capable of forming harmful algal blooms leading to fish and shellfish kills, are being transported to Galveston Bay via ballast water. Our results suggest that Galveston Bay is at risk for invasive species introductions via ballast water...

  5. Late Holocene Stratigraphy, Humboldt Bay, California: Evidence for Late Holocene Paleoseismicity of the Southern Cascadia Subduction Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valentine, David Wade

    1992-01-01

    the formation of the stratigraphy found in Humboldt Bay. .Discussion i ii iii iv y vi Stratigraphy . Mad River Slough—for the formation of the Stratigraphy found in Humboldt Bay.

  6. X-Band RF Gun Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vlieks, Arnold; Dolgashev, Valery; Tantawi, Sami; Anderson, Scott; Hartemann, Fred; Marsh, Roark; /LLNL, Livermore

    2012-06-22

    In support of the MEGa-ray program at LLNL and the High Gradient research program at SLAC, a new X-band multi-cell RF gun is being developed. This gun, similar to earlier guns developed at SLAC for Compton X-ray source program, will be a standing wave structure made of 5.5 cells operating in the pi mode with copper cathode. This gun was designed following criteria used to build SLAC X-band high gradient accelerating structures. It is anticipated that this gun will operate with surface electric fields on the cathode of 200 MeV/m with low breakdown rate. RF will be coupled into the structure through a final cell with symmetric duel feeds and with a shape optimized to minimize quadrupole field components. In addition, geometry changes to the original gun, operated with Compton X-ray source, will include a wider RF mode separation, reduced surface electric and magnetic fields.

  7. S-Band Loads for SLAC Linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasnykh, A.; Decker, F.-J.; /SLAC; LeClair, R.; /INTA Technologies, Santa Clara

    2012-08-28

    The S-Band loads on the current SLAC linac RF system were designed, in some cases, 40+ years ago to terminate 2-3 MW peak power into a thin layer of coated Kanthal material as the high power absorber [1]. The technology of the load design was based on a flame-sprayed Kanthal wire method onto a base material. During SLAC linac upgrades, the 24 MW peak klystrons were replaced by 5045 klystrons with 65+ MW peak output power. Additionally, SLED cavities were introduced and as a result, the peak power in the current RF setup has increased up to 240 MW peak. The problem of reliable RF peak power termination and RF load lifetime required a careful study and adequate solution. Results of our studies and three designs of S-Band RF load for the present SLAC RF linac system is discussed. These designs are based on the use of low conductivity materials.

  8. Ecosystem-scale Selenium Model for the San Francisco Bay-Delta Regional Ecosystem Restoration Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presser, Theresa S.; Luoma, Samuel N.

    2013-01-01

    experimental ponds. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 62(1–2):Pollution [SFBRWQCB] California San Francisco Bay Regional Water

  9. Permanent magnet focused X-band photoinjector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Rosenzweig, James (Los Angeles, CA)

    2002-09-10

    A compact high energy photoelectron injector integrates the photocathode directly into a multicell linear accelerator with no drift space between the injection and the linac. High electron beam brightness is achieved by accelerating a tightly focused electron beam in an integrated, multi-cell, X-band rf linear accelerator (linac). The photoelectron linac employs a Plane-Wave-Transformer (PWT) design which provides strong cell-to-cell coupling, easing manufacturing tolerances and costs.

  10. The Negative Parity Bands in $^{156}$Gd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jentschel, Michael; Curien, Dominique; Dudek, Jerzy; Haas, Florent

    2014-01-01

    The high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin is the world most intense neutron source for research. Using the ultra high-resolution crystal spectrometers GAMS installed at the in-pile target position H6/H7 it is possible to measure nuclear state lifetimes using the Gamma Ray Induced Recoil (GRID) technique. In bent crystal mode, the spectrometers allow to perform spectroscopy with a dynamic range of up to six orders magnitude. At a very well collimated external neutron beam it is possible to install a highly efficient germanium detector array to obtain coincidences and angular correlations. The mentioned techniques were used to study the first two negative parity bands in $^{156}$Gd. These bands have been in the focus of interest since they seem to show signatures of a tetrahedral symmetry. A surprisingly high B(E2) value of about 1000 W.u. for the $4^- \\rightarrow 2^-$ transition was discovered. It indicates that the two first negative parity bands cannot be considered to be signature partners.

  11. Broad Band Photon Harvesting Biomolecules for Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Meredith; B. J. Powell; J. Riesz; R. Vogel; D. Blake; I. Kartini; G. Will; S. Subianto

    2004-06-04

    We discuss the key principles of artificial photosynthesis for photovoltaic energy conversion. We demonstrate these principles by examining the operation of the so-called "dye sensitized solar cell" (DSSC) - a photoelectrochemical device which simulates the charge separation process across a nano-structured membrane that is characteristic of natural systems. These type of devices have great potential to challenge silicon semiconductor technology in the low cost, medium efficiency segment of the PV market. Ruthenium charge transfer complexes are currently used as the photon harvesting components in DSSCs. They produce a relatively broad band UV and visible response, but have long term stability problems and are expensive to manufacture. We suggest that a class of biological macromolecules called the melanins may be suitable replacements for the ruthenium complexes. They have strong, broad band absorption, are chemically and photochemically very stable, can be cheaply and easily synthesized, and are also bio-available and bio-compatible. We demonstrate a melanin-based regenerative solar cell, and discuss the key properties that are necessary for an effective broad band photon harvesting system.

  12. W-Band Sheet Beam Klystron Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colby, E.R.; Caryotakis, G.; Fowkes, W.R.; /SLAC; Smithe, D.N.; /Mission Res., Newington

    2005-09-12

    With the development of ever higher energy particle accelerators comes the need for compactness and high gradient, which in turn require very high frequency high power rf sources. Recent development work in W-band accelerating techniques has spurred the development of a high-power W-band source. Axisymmetric sources suffer from fundamental power output limitations (P{sub sat} {approx} {lambda}{sup 2}) brought on by the conflicting requirements of small beam sizes and high beam current. The sheet beam klystron allows for an increase in beam current without substantial increase in the beam current density, allowing for reduced cathode current densities and focusing field strengths. Initial simulations of a 20:1 aspect ratio sheet beam/cavity interaction using the 3 dimensional particle-in-cell code Magic3D have demonstrated a 35% beam-power to RF power extraction efficiency. Calculational work and numerical simulations leading to a prototype W-band sheet beam klystron will be presented, together with preliminary cold test structure studies of a proposed RF cavity geometry.

  13. W-band sheet beam klystron simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colby, E.R.; Caryotakis, G.; Fowkes, W.R. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Smithe, D.N. [Mission Research Corporation, 8560 Cinderbed Road, Ste. 700, Newington, Virginia 22122 (United States)

    1999-05-01

    With the development of ever higher energy particle accelerators comes the need for compactness and high gradient, which in turn require very high frequency high power rf sources. Recent development work in W-band accelerating techniques has spurred the development of a high-power W-band source. Axisymmetric sources suffer from fundamental power output limitations (P{sub sat}{approximately}{lambda}{sup 2}) brought on by the conflicting requirements of small beam sizes and high beam current. The sheet beam klystron allows for an increase in beam current without substantial increase in the beam current density, allowing for reduced cathode current densities and focussing field strengths. Initial simulations of a 20:1 aspect ratio sheet beam/cavity interaction using the 3 dimensional particle-in-cell code Magic3D have demonstrated a 35{percent} beam-power to RF power extraction efficiency. Calculational work and numerical simulations leading to a prototype W-band sheet beam klystron will be presented, together with preliminary cold test structure studies of a proposed RF cavity geometry. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  14. Identification of more interstellar C60+ bands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Gordon; Maier, John; Campbell, Ewen

    2015-01-01

    Based on gas-phase laboratory spectra at 6 K, Campbell et al. (2015) confirmed that the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 9632.7 and 9577.5A are due to absorption by the fullerene ion C60+. They also reported the detection of two other, weaker bands at 9428.5 and 9365.9A. These lie in spectral regions heavily contaminated by telluric water vapour lines. We acquired CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra of HD183143 close to the zenith and chopped with a nearby standard to correct for the telluric line absorption which enabled us to detect a DIB at 9365.9A of relative width and strength comparable to the laboratory absorption. There is a DIB of similar strength and FWHM at 9362.5A. A stellar emission feature at 9429A prevented detection of the 9428.5A band. However, a CFHT archival spectrum of HD169454, where emission is absent at 9429A, clearly shows the 9428.5A DIB with the expected strength and width. These results further confirm C60+ as a DIB carrier.

  15. Modeling Bed-Load Transport of Coarse Sediments in the Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling Bed-Load Transport of Coarse Sediments in the Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire. A. Bilgili Hanover, NH 03755, U.S.A. 2 University of New Hampshire Ocean and Mechanical Engineering Departments River section of the Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire, USA.- a well-mixed and geometrically complex

  16. Wastewater Discharge, Nutrient Loading, and Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics in a Shallow Texas Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroer, Lee Allen

    2014-05-07

    In Oso Bay, a wastewater treatment plant acts as a source of eutrophication and may have measureable impact on the health of the bay. The objectives of this study were to create a model for modeling dissolved oxygen concentrations over time...

  17. Environmental Research 105 (2007) 87100 The slow recovery of San Francisco Bay from the legacy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    , Livermore, CA 94551, USA c Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco Bay Region, 1515 Clay St of the Bay from these inputs and predict its future improvement. Legacy pesticides enter the water contaminated sediment deposits, and dredging and disposal of dredged material. Runoff from small

  18. THE SPAWNING CYCLE OF SOFT-SHELL CLAM, MYA ARENARIA, IN SAN FRANCISCO BAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to determine the spawning cycle. The spawning cycle was well synchronized among the four populations at this potential. Recently (1982), the digging of clams in San Fran- cisco Bay received official clearance harvesting. Prepared for the Association of Bay Area Governments, 171 p. ·Champion. D. 1982. Clam digging OK

  19. Time Series Measurements of Temperature, Current Velocity, and Sediment Resuspension in Saginaw Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Time Series Measurements of Temperature, Current Velocity, and Sediment Resuspension in Saginaw Bay and verification. These measurements will be made as part of this project. Measurements of sediment resuspension sediment resuspension in the bay during the spring. Measurements of sediment resuspension are important

  20. THE ECOLOGICAL BOUNDARIES OF SIX CAROLINA BAYS: COMMUNITY COMPOSITION AND ECOTONE DISTRIBUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchens, John

    of Biology P.O. Box 261954 Coastal Carolina University Conway, South Carolina, USA 29528-6054 E-mail: Joluken rims of each of six Carolina bays in northeastern South Carolina to characterize the community gradientTHE ECOLOGICAL BOUNDARIES OF SIX CAROLINA BAYS: COMMUNITY COMPOSITION AND ECOTONE DISTRIBUTION

  1. Optimal Pollution Mitigation in Monterey Bay Based on Coastal Radar Data and Nonlinear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsden, Jerrold

    Optimal Pollution Mitigation in Monterey Bay Based on Coastal Radar Data and Nonlinear Dynamics run-off which is a typical source of pollution in the bay. We show that a HF radar-based pollution release scheme using this flow structure reduces the impact of pollution on the coastal envi- ronment

  2. Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual intelligence Techniques, Stage One: Neural Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 77659 Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual intelligence Techniques, Stage One, TX 75083-3836, U.S.A., fax 01-972-952-9435. Abstract Field data from the Prudhoe Bay oil field.998 respectively. This is the first phase in the development of a tool to maximize total field oil production

  3. Chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and dioxins in colonial nesting waterbirds of Galveston Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Donell Suzette

    1999-01-01

    the Houston Ship Channel, including control areas outside the bay. PCB 126 was highest in eggs of geotropic cormorants from Vingt-et-un and Smith Point Islands within Galveston Bay. 2,3,7,8 TCDD was the only dioxin detected in eggs from all locations within...

  4. Word Classification: An Experimental Approach with Nave Bayes ding@cs.umb.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Word Classification: An Experimental Approach with Naďve Bayes Wei Ding ding@cs.umb.edu University 77058 USA Abstract Word classification is of significant interest in the domain of natural language presents an experimental method using Naďve Bayes for word classification. The method is based on combing

  5. Bay Area Transit Agencies Propel Fuel Cell Buses Toward Commercialization (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-07-01

    This fact sheet describes the Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) demonstration of the next generation of fuel cells buses. Several transit agencies in the San Francisco Bay Area are participating in demonstrating the largest single fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States.

  6. New York Harbor Chart 12334 New York Harbor Upper Bay and Narrows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York Harbor Chart 12334 ­ New York Harbor Upper Bay and Narrows Anchorage Chart Booklet, the nation's chartmaker #12;United States ­ East Coast NEW YORK ­ NEW JERSEY NEW YORK HARBOR UPPER BAY.noaa.gov/WarOf1812. #12;Because of its importance as a hub of international commerce, New York City served several

  7. SEISMIC PERFORMANCE LIMITS OF THE SKYWAY PIERS FOR THE NEW EAST BAY SPANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hines, Eric

    -based criteria both for a functional evaluation earthquake (FEE) and for a safety evaluation earthquake (SEE) [2 conducted both to verify immediately the safety of the existing Skyway design and to sharpen the fundamental]. The new San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (SFOBB) East Bay Spans were designed according to performance

  8. West Bay Shore, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia: Energy Resources Jump to:SearchWesley Hills, NewBabylon, NewBay

  9. The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daya Bay Collaboration

    2014-11-28

    The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described.

  10. The Muon System of the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    An, F. P.; Hackenburg, R. W.; Brown, R. E.; Chasman, C.; Dale, E.; Diwan, M. V.; Gill, R.; Hans, S.; Isvan, Z.; Jaffe, D. E.; Kettell, S. H.; Littenberg, L.; Pearson, C. E.; Qian, X.; Theman, H.; Viren, B.; Worcester, E.; Yeh, M.; Zhang, C.

    2015-02-01

    The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described. (auth)

  11. The Muon System of the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    An, F. P.; Hackenburg, R. W.; Brown, R. E.; Chasman, C.; Dale, E.; Diwan, M. V.; Gill, R.; Hans, S.; Isvan, Z.; Jaffe, D. E.; et al

    2014-10-05

    The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described. (auth)

  12. Huntington Bay, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas: EnergyHunterdon County, NewHunting Valley,Bay, New

  13. Hampton Bays, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynnMassachusetts: Energy Resources Jump to:Maine:Hampton Bays, New York:

  14. Mission Bay, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005Minnehaha County,EnergyII Geothermal1980)Bay, Florida:

  15. Palmetto Bay, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages Recent ChangesEtPalmer, Massachusetts:Bay,

  16. East Bay Municipal Util Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the NationalDynetek EuropeEPG| OpenEXLEasley CombinedBay

  17. City of Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,Kansas (Utility Company) JumpBay, Wisconsin

  18. Tampa Bay Area Ethanol Consortium | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ Automation Jump to: navigation, searchTalty, Texas: EnergyIncBay

  19. Bay County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy Resources JumpBay

  20. Bay Harbor Islands, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy Resources JumpBayHarbor Islands,

  1. Bay Head, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy Resources JumpBayHarbor

  2. Bay Hill, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy Resources JumpBayHarborHill,

  3. Coos Bay, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans, EtInformationRoofCooperCoopersville,theBay,

  4. Cutler Bay, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation, searchCut and Shoot, Texas:Bay,

  5. Morro Bay, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource History ViewMoeOhio:LightNew Jersey:Morro Bay,

  6. BayWa Sunways JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSAEngineering LLCBarner InvestmentBayWa

  7. Direct band gap narrowing in highly doped Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Zhaohong

    Direct band gap narrowing in highly doped n-type Ge is observed through photoluminescence measurements by determining the spectrum peak shift. A linear relationship between the direct band gap emission and carrier concentration ...

  8. Project Reports for Campo Band of Mission Indians- 2010 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Campo Band of Mission Indians ("Band") goal is to develop a 300 MW wind energy project ("Kumeyaay Wind II") in two phases over the next two to five years.

  9. Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in a significant band gap, 0.26 electron volts (eV), an important step toward making graphene useful as a semiconductor. Left: In graphene's electronic band structure, the...

  10. Engineering Dilute Nitride Semiconductor Alloys for Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luce, Alexander Vallejo

    2015-01-01

    Shockley-Queisser limit 2 Intermediate band solar cells 2.1with a realistic solar spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3for viable intermediate band solar cells . . . . 2.6

  11. Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Wednesday, 26 March 2008 00:00 Prospective challengers to...

  12. Inter-band optoelectronic properties in quantum dot structure of low band gap III-V semiconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dey, Anup; Maiti, Biswajit; Chanda, Debasree

    2014-04-14

    A generalized theory is developed to study inter-band optical absorption coefficient (IOAC) and material gain (MG) in quantum dot structures of narrow gap III-V compound semiconductor considering the wave-vector (k{sup ?}) dependence of the optical transition matrix element. The band structures of these low band gap semiconducting materials with sufficiently separated split-off valance band are frequently described by the three energy band model of Kane. This has been adopted for analysis of the IOAC and MG taking InAs, InSb, Hg{sub 1?x}Cd{sub x}Te, and In{sub 1?x}Ga{sub x}As{sub y}P{sub 1?y} lattice matched to InP, as example of III–V compound semiconductors, having varied split-off energy band compared to their bulk band gap energy. It has been found that magnitude of the IOAC for quantum dots increases with increasing incident photon energy and the lines of absorption are more closely spaced in the three band model of Kane than those with parabolic energy band approximations reflecting the direct the influence of energy band parameters. The results show a significant deviation to the MG spectrum of narrow-gap materials having band nonparabolicity compared to the parabolic band model approximations. The results reflect the important role of valence band split-off energies in these narrow gap semiconductors.

  13. Larry Band Voit Gilmore Distinguished Professor in Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    Larry Band Voit Gilmore Distinguished Professor in Geography Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources to improve the process

  14. Excitation of Banded Whistler Waves in the Magnetosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, S. Peter; Liu, Kaijun; Winske, Dan

    2012-07-13

    Banded whistler waves can be generated by the whistler anisotropy instability driven by two bi-Maxwellian electron components with T{sub {perpendicular}}/T{sub {parallel}} > 1 at different T{sub {parallel}} For typical magnetospheric condition of 1 < {omega}{sub e}/{Omega}{sub e} < 5 in regions associated with strong chorus, upper-band waves can be excited by anisotropic electrons below {approx} 1 keV, while lower-band waves are excited by anisotropic electrons above {approx} 10 keV. Lower-band waves are generally field-aligned and substantially electromagnetic, while upper-band waves propagate obliquely and have quasi-electrostatic fluctuating electric fields. The quasi-electrostatic feature of upper-band waves suggests that they may be more easily identified in electric field observations than in magnetic field observations. Upper-band waves are liable to Landau damping and the saturation level of upperband waves is lower than lower-band waves, consistent with observations that lower-band waves are stronger than upper-band waves on average. The oblique propagation, the lower saturation level, and the more severe Landau damping together would make upper-band waves more tightly confined to the geomagnetic equator (|{lambda}{sub m}| < {approx}10{sup o}) than lower-band waves.

  15. Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    pinning in multi-band superconductors 2 1. Introduction The multi-band nature of superconductivity in iron the anisotropy of superconducting parameters in the iron-based superconductors. In particular, Kidzun et al. [23Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors C.J. van der Beek, M. Konczykowski

  16. User's guide for BAYES: a general-purpose computer code for fitting a functional form to experimental data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larson, N M

    1982-08-01

    This report is intended as a user's manual for a general-purpose computer program BAYES to solve Bayes equations for updating parameter values, uncertainties, and correlations. Bayes equations are derived from Bayes theorem, using linearity and normality assumptions. The method of solution is described, and details are given for adapting the code for a specific purpose. Numerous examples are given, including problem description and solution method, FORTRAN coding, and sample input and output. A companion code LEAST, which solves the usual least-squares equations rather than Bayes equations but which encourages nondiagonal data weighting, is also described.

  17. An Improved Measurement of Electron Antineutrino Disappearance at Daya Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David M. Webber; for the Daya Bay Collaboration

    2012-11-07

    The theory of neutrino oscillations explains changes in neutrino flavor, count rates, and spectra from solar, atmospheric, accelerator, and reactor neutrinos. These oscillations are characterized by three mixing angles and two mass-squared differences. The solar mixing angle, {\\theta}_12, and the atmospheric mixing angle, {\\theta}_23, have been well measured, but until recently the neutrino mixing angle {\\theta}_13 was not well known. The Daya Bay experiment, located northeast of Hong Kong at the Guangdong Nuclear Power Complex in China, has made a precise measurement of electron antineutrino disappearance using six functionally-identical gadolinium-doped liquid scintillator-based detectors at three sites with distances between 364 and 1900 meters from six reactor cores. This proceeding describes the Daya Bay updated result, using 127 days of good run time collected between December 24, 2011 and May 11, 2012. For the far site, the ratio of the observed number of events to the expected number of events assuming no neutrino oscillation is 0.944 +/- 0.007(stat) +/- 0.003(syst). A fit for {\\theta}_13 in the three-neutrino framework yields sin^2 2{\\theta}_13 = 0.089 +/- 0.010(stat) +/- 0.005(syst).

  18. An X-band overmoded relativistic klystron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Renzhen; Chen, Changhua; Li, Jiawei; Bai, Xianchen [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Deng, Yuqun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2014-11-15

    An X-band overmoded relativistic klystron is proposed, the operation mode of which is the TM{sub 02} mode. The drift tube could not cut off the TM{sub 01} mode; isolating the buncher cavity from the input cavity is achieved by introducing a sectional RF lossy material. Microwaves are extracted from the modulated electron beam using a cylindrical waveguide, rather than a coaxial waveguide; thereby, the output structure is significantly simplified. Particle-in-cell simulations show that microwaves with power of 1.28?GW and frequency of 9.30?GHz can be obtained, corresponding to an efficiency of 32% and relative bandwidth of about 8%.

  19. W-Band Sheet Beam Klystron Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheitrum, G.; Caryotakis, G.; Burke, A.; Jensen, A.; Jongewaard, E.a Krasnykh, A.; Neubauer, M.; Phillips, R.; Rauenbuehler, K.; /SLAC

    2011-11-11

    Sheet beam devices provide important advantages for very high power, narrow bandwidth RF sources like accelerator klystrons [1]. Reduced current density and increased surface area result in increased power capabi1ity, reduced magnetic fields for focusing and reduced cathode loading. These advantages are offset by increased complexity, beam formation and transport issues and potential for mode competition in the ovennoded cavities and drift tube. This paper will describe the design issues encountered in developing a 100 kW peak and 2 kW average power sheet beam k1ystron at W-band including beam formation, beam transport, circuit design, circuit fabrication and mode competition.

  20. Universal EUV in-band intensity detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berger, Kurt W.

    2004-08-24

    Extreme ultraviolet light is detected using a universal in-band detector for detecting extreme ultraviolet radiation that includes: (a) an EUV sensitive photodiode having a diode active area that generates a current responsive to EUV radiation; (b) one or more mirrors that reflects EUV radiation having a defined wavelength(s) to the diode active area; and (c) a mask defining a pinhole that is positioned above the diode active area, wherein EUV radiation passing through the pinhole is restricted substantially to illuminating the diode active area.

  1. Simplicial cohomology of band semigroup algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Yemon; White, Michael C

    2010-01-01

    We establish simplicial triviality of the convolution algebra $\\ell^1(S)$, where $S$ is a band semigroup. This generalizes results of the first author [Glasgow Math. J. 2005, Houston J. Math. 2010]. To do so, we show that the cyclic cohomology of this algebra vanishes in all odd degrees, and is isomorphic in even degrees to the space of continuous traces on $\\ell^1(S)$. Crucial to our approach is the use of the structure semilattice of $S$, and the associated grading of $S$, together with an inductive normalization procedure in cyclic cohomology; the latter technique appears to be new, and its underlying strategy may be applicable to other convolution algebras of interest.

  2. Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners * Impacts on GlobalRachel Ruggirello RachelRadiationRadiative Bands

  3. W-band free-electron masers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freund, H. P. [Science Applications International Corp., McLean, Virginia 22102 (United States); Jackson, R. H.; Danly, B. G.; Levush, B. [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia 20375 (United States)

    1999-05-07

    Theoretical analyses of high power W-band (i.e., {approx_equal}94 GHz) free-electron maser amplifiers are presented for a helical wiggler/cylindrical waveguide configuration using the three-dimensional slow-time-scale ARACHNE simulation code [9]. The geometry treated by ARACHNE is that of an electron beam propagating through the cylindrical waveguide subject to a helical wiggler and an axial guide magnetic field. Two configurations are discussed. The first is the case of a reversed-guide field geometry where the guide field is oriented antiparallel to the helicity of the wiggler field. Using a 330 kV/20 A electron beam, efficiencies of the order of 7% are calculated with a bandwidth (FWHM) of 5 GHz. The second example employs a strong guide field of 20 kG oriented parallel to the helicity of the wiggler. Here, efficiencies of greater than 8% are possible with a FWHM bandwidth of 4.5 GHz using a 300 kV/20 A electron beam. A normalized emittance of 95 mm-mrad is assumed in both cases, and no beam losses are observed for either case. Both cases assume interaction with the fundamental TE{sub 11} mode, which has acceptably low losses in the W-band.

  4. Puzzling Phenomenon of Diffuse Interstellar Bands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Wszolek

    2007-12-10

    The discovery of the first diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) dates back to the pioneering years of stellar spectroscopy. Today, we know about 300 absorption structures of this kind. There exists a great variety of the profiles and intensities of DIBs, so they can not be readily described, classified or characterized. To the present day no reliable identification of the DIBs' carriers has been found. Many carriers of DIBs have been proposed over the years. They ranged from dust grains to free molecules of different kinds, and to more exotic specimens, like hydrogen negative ion. Unfortunately, none of them is responsible for observed DIBs. Furthermore, it was shown that a single carrier cannot be responsible for all known DIBs. It is hard to estimate how many carriers can participate in producing these bands. The problem is further complicated by the fact that to this day it is still impossible to find any laboratory spectrum of any substance which would match the astrophysical spectra. Here, a historical outline concerning DIBs is followed by a brief description of their whole population. Then, a special attention is focused on the procedures trying to extract spectroscopic families within the set of all known DIBs.

  5. Spatially-resolved microstructure in shear banding wormlike micellar solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helgeson, Matthew E.; Reichert, Matthew D.; Wagner, Norman J.; Kaler, Eric W. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)

    2008-07-07

    Recently proposed theories for shear banding in wormlike micellar solutions (WLMs) rely on a shear-induced isotropic-nematic (I-N) phase separation as the mechanism for banding. Critical tests of such theories require spatially-resolved measurements of flow-kinematics and local mesoscale microstructure within the shear bands. We have recently developed such capabilities using a short gap Couette cell for flow-small angle neutron scattering (flow-SANS) measurements in the 1-2 plane of shear with collaborators at the NIST Center for Neutron Research. This work combines flow-SANS measurements with rheology, rheo-optics and velocimetry measurements to present the first complete spatially-resolved study of WLMs through the shear banding transition for a model shear banding WLM solution near the I-N phase boundary. The shear rheology is well-modeled by the Giesekus constitutive equation, with incorporated stress diffusion to predict shear banding. By fitting the stress diffusivity at the onset of banding, the model enables prediction of velocity profiles in the shear banded state which are in quantitative agreement with measured flow-kinematics. Quantitative analysis of the flow-SANS measurements shows a critical segmental alignment for banding and validates the Giesekus model predictions, linking segmental orientation to shear banding and providing the first rigorous evidence for the shear-induced I-N transition mechanism for shear banding.

  6. Development of a Hydrodynamic and Transport model of Bellingham Bay in Support of Nearshore Habitat Restoration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Taiping; Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang

    2010-04-22

    In this study, a hydrodynamic model based on the unstructured-grid finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM) was developed for Bellingham Bay, Washington. The model simulates water surface elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity in a three-dimensional domain that covers the entire Bellingham Bay and adjacent water bodies, including Lummi Bay, Samish Bay, Padilla Bay, and Rosario Strait. The model was developed using Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s high-resolution Puget Sound and Northwest Straits circulation and transport model. A sub-model grid for Bellingham Bay and adjacent coastal waters was extracted from the Puget Sound model and refined in Bellingham Bay using bathymetric light detection and ranging (LIDAR) and river channel cross-section data. The model uses tides, river inflows, and meteorological inputs to predict water surface elevations, currents, salinity, and temperature. A tidal open boundary condition was specified using standard National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predictions. Temperature and salinity open boundary conditions were specified based on observed data. Meteorological forcing (wind, solar radiation, and net surface heat flux) was obtained from NOAA real observations and National Center for Environmental Prediction North American Regional Analysis outputs. The model was run in parallel with 48 cores using a time step of 2.5 seconds. It took 18 hours of cpu time to complete 26 days of simulation. The model was calibrated with oceanographic field data for the period of 6/1/2009 to 6/26/2009. These data were collected specifically for the purpose of model development and calibration. They include time series of water-surface elevation, currents, temperature, and salinity as well as temperature and salinity profiles during instrument deployment and retrieval. Comparisons between model predictions and field observations show an overall reasonable agreement in both temporal and spatial scales. Comparisons of root mean square error values for surface elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity time series are 0.11 m, 0.10 m/s, 1.28oC, and 1.91 ppt, respectively. The model was able to reproduce the salinity and temperature stratifications inside Bellingham Bay. Wetting and drying processes in tidal flats in Bellingham Bay, Samish Bay, and Padilla Bay were also successfully simulated. Both model results and observed data indicated that water surface elevations inside Bellingham Bay are highly correlated to tides. Circulation inside the bay is weak and complex and is affected by various forcing mechanisms, including tides, winds, freshwater inflows, and other local forcing factors. The Bellingham Bay model solution was successfully linked to the NOAA oil spill trajectory simulation model “General NOAA Operational Modeling Environment (GNOME).” Overall, the Bellingham Bay model has been calibrated reasonably well and can be used to provide detailed hydrodynamic information in the bay and adjacent water bodies. While there is room for further improvement with more available data, the calibrated hydrodynamic model provides useful hydrodynamic information in Bellingham Bay and can be used to support sediment transport and water quality modeling as well as assist in the design of nearshore restoration scenarios.

  7. Audio-band frequency-dependent squeezing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oelker, Eric; Miller, John; Tse, Maggie; Barsotti, Lisa; Mavalvala, Nergis; Evans, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Quantum vacuum fluctuations impose strict limits on precision displacement measurements, those of interferometric gravitational-wave detectors among them. Introducing squeezed states into an interferometer's readout port can improve the sensitivity of the instrument, leading to richer astrophysical observations. However, optomechanical interactions dictate that the vacuum's squeezed quadrature must rotate by 90 degrees around 50Hz. Here we use a 2-m-long, high-finesse optical resonator to produce frequency-dependent rotation around 1.2kHz. This demonstration of audio-band frequency-dependent squeezing uses technology and methods that are scalable to the required rotation frequency, heralding application of the technique in future gravitational-wave detectors.

  8. Broad-band acoustic hyperbolic metamaterial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Chen; Sui, Ni; Wang, Wenqi; Cummer, Steven A; Jing, Yun

    2015-01-01

    Acoustic metamaterials (AMMs) are engineered materials, made from subwavelength structures, that exhibit useful or unusual constitutive properties. There has been intense research interest in AMMs since its first realization in 2000 by Liu et al. A number of functionalities and applications have been proposed and achieved using AMMs. Hyperbolic metamaterials are one of the most important types of metamaterials due to their extreme anisotropy and numerous possible applications, including negative refraction, backward waves, spatial filtering, and subwavelength imaging. Although the importance of acoustic hyperbolic metamaterials (AHMMs) as a tool for achieving full control of acoustic waves is substantial, the realization of a broad-band and truly hyperbolic AMM has not been reported so far. Here, we demonstrate the design and experimental characterization of a broadband AHMM that operates between 1.0 kHz and 2.5 kHz.

  9. Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

    2009-01-30

    The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

  10. Wide band stepped frequency ground penetrating radar

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bashforth, M.B.; Gardner, D.; Patrick, D.; Lewallen, T.A.; Nammath, S.R.; Painter, K.D.; Vadnais, K.G.

    1996-03-12

    A wide band ground penetrating radar system is described embodying a method wherein a series of radio frequency signals is produced by a single radio frequency source and provided to a transmit antenna for transmission to a target and reflection therefrom to a receive antenna. A phase modulator modulates those portions of the radio frequency signals to be transmitted and the reflected modulated signal is combined in a mixer with the original radio frequency signal to produce a resultant signal which is demodulated to produce a series of direct current voltage signals, the envelope of which forms a cosine wave shaped plot which is processed by a Fast Fourier Transform Unit 44 into frequency domain data wherein the position of a preponderant frequency is indicative of distance to the target and magnitude is indicative of the signature of the target. 6 figs.

  11. Wide band stepped frequency ground penetrating radar

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bashforth, Michael B. (Buellton, CA); Gardner, Duane (Santa Maria, CA); Patrick, Douglas (Santa Maria, CA); Lewallen, Tricia A. (Ventura, CA); Nammath, Sharyn R. (Santa Barbara, CA); Painter, Kelly D. (Goleta, CA); Vadnais, Kenneth G. (Alexandria, VA)

    1996-01-01

    A wide band ground penetrating radar system (10) embodying a method wherein a series of radio frequency signals (60) is produced by a single radio frequency source (16) and provided to a transmit antenna (26) for transmission to a target (54) and reflection therefrom to a receive antenna (28). A phase modulator (18) modulates those portion of the radio frequency signals (62) to be transmitted and the reflected modulated signal (62) is combined in a mixer (34) with the original radio frequency signal (60) to produce a resultant signal (53) which is demodulated to produce a series of direct current voltage signals (66) the envelope of which forms a cosine wave shaped plot (68) which is processed by a Fast Fourier Transform unit 44 into frequency domain data (70) wherein the position of a preponderant frequency is indicative of distance to the target (54) and magnitude is indicative of the signature of the target (54).

  12. Nature, Science, Bayes' Theorem, and the Whole of Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexanian, Moorad

    2015-01-01

    A fundamental problem in science is how to make logical inferences from scientific data. Mere data does not suffice since additional information is necessary to select a domain of models or hypotheses and thus determine the likelihood of each model or hypothesis. Thomas Bayes' Theorem relates the data and prior information to posterior probabilities associated with differing models or hypotheses and thus is useful in identifying the roles played by the known data and the assumed prior information when making inferences. Scientists, philosophers, and theologians accumulate knowledge when analyzing different aspects of reality and search for particular hypotheses or models to fit their respective subject matters. Of course, a main goal is then to integrate all kinds of knowledge into an all-encompassing worldview that would describe the whole of reality.

  13. Observation of electron-antineutrino disappearance at Daya Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. P. An; J. Z. Bai; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; D. Beavis; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; K. Boddy; R. L. Brown; B. Cai; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; R. Carr; W. T. Chan; J. F. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. S. Chen; H. Y. Chen; S. J. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. C. Chen; X. H. Chen; X. S. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. X. Chen; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; L. Dong; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; S. D. Fang; J. Y. Fu; Z. W. Fu; L. Q. Ge; V. Ghazikhanian; R. L. Gill; J. Goett; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; Y. A. Gornushkin; L. S. Greenler; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; R. L. Hahn; S. Hans; M. He; Q. He; W. S. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; T. H. Ho; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; T. Hu; T. Hu; H. X. Huang; H. Z. Huang; P. W. Huang; X. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; S. Jetter; X. L. Ji; X. P. Ji; H. J. Jiang; W. Q. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; C. Y. Lai; W. C. Lai; W. H. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; M. K. P. Lee; R. Leitner; J. K. C. Leung; K. Y. Leung; C. A. Lewis; B. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; J. Li; Q. J. Li; S. F. Li; W. D. Li; X. B. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; J. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; S. K. Lin; S. X. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; B. J. Liu; C. Liu; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. C. Liu; J. L. Liu; S. Liu; X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; A. Luk; K. B. Luk; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; L. H. Ma; Q. M. Ma; X. B. Ma; X. Y. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; B. Mayes; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; D. Mohapatra; J. E. Morgan; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; I. Nemchenok; C. Newsom; H. Y. Ngai; W. K. Ngai; Y. B. Nie; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; D. Oh; A. Olshevski; A. Pagac; S. Patton; C. Pearson; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. Seilhan; B. B. Shao; K. Shih; H. Steiner; P. Stoler; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; H. K. Tanaka; X. Tang; H. Themann; Y. Torun; S. Trentalange; O. Tsai; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. Tull; B. Viren; S. Virostek; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; L. Z. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; T. Wang; W. Wang; X. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; D. L. Wenman; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; C. A. Whitten Jr.; J. Wilhelmi; T. Wise; H. C. Wong; H. L. H. Wong; J. Wong; E. T. Worcester; F. F. Wu; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; S. T. Xiang; Q. Xiao; Z. Z. Xing; G. Xu; J. Xu; J. Xu; J. L. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; C. G. Yang; L. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; K. Yip; B. L. Young; Z. Y. Yu; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; K. Zhang; Q. X. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

    2012-04-02

    The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment has measured a non-zero value for the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ with a significance of 5.2 standard deviations. Antineutrinos from six 2.9 GW$_{\\rm th}$ reactors were detected in six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (flux-weighted baseline 470 m and 576 m) and one far (1648 m) underground experimental halls. With a 43,000 ton-GW_{\\rm th}-day livetime exposure in 55 days, 10416 (80376) electron antineutrino candidates were detected at the far hall (near halls). The ratio of the observed to expected number of antineutrinos at the far hall is $R=0.940\\pm 0.011({\\rm stat}) \\pm 0.004({\\rm syst})$. A rate-only analysis finds $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}=0.092\\pm 0.016({\\rm stat})\\pm0.005({\\rm syst})$ in a three-neutrino framework.

  14. Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. P. An; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; I. Butorov; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; Y. L. Chan; J. F. Chang; L. C. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. Chen; Q. Y. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. Chen; X. Chen; Y. X. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. P. Cheng; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; J. de Arcos; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; J. Y. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; M. Grassi; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; G. H. Han; S. Hans; M. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; L. M. Hu; L. J. Hu; T. Hu; W. Hu; E. C. Huang; H. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; G. Hussain; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; P. Jaffke; K. L. Jen; S. Jetter; X. P. Ji; X. L. Ji; H. J. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; W. C. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; A. Leung; J. K. C. Leung; C. A. Lewis; D. J. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; Q. J. Li; W. D. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. F. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; P. Y. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. L. Liu; J. C. Liu; S. S. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; K. B. Luk; Q. M. Ma; X. Y. Ma; X. B. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; I. Mitchell; J. Monari Kebwaro; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; E. Naumova; I. Nemchenok; H. Y. Ngai; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; B. Ren; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. B. Shao; H. Steiner; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; X. Tang; H. Themann; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; W. W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Y. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; S. C. F. Wong; E. Worcester; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; J. K. Xia; X. Xia; Z. Z. Xing; J. Y. Xu; J. L. Xu; J. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; J. Yan; C. C. Yang; L. Yang; M. S. Yang; M. T. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; G. Y. Yu; J. Y. Yu; Z. Y. Yu; S. L. Zang; B. Zeng; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; Q. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

    2014-10-08

    A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9~GW$_{\\rm th}$ nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1579~m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the $10^{\\rm -3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} < |\\Delta m_{41}^{2}| < 0.3~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ range. The relative spectral distortion due to electron antineutrino disappearance was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on $\\sin^22\\theta_{14}$ cover the $10^{-3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} \\lesssim |\\Delta m^{2}_{41}| \\lesssim 0.1~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ region, which was largely unexplored.

  15. Carsharing Parking Policy: A Review of North American Practices and San Francisco Bay Area Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan; Cohen, Adam P.; Martin, Elliot

    2010-01-01

    Salt Lake City. Free Metered Parking for “Green Vehicles. ”www.slcgov.com/Transportation/Parking/green.htm AccessedAccessed June 24, 2009. 27. Parking. San Francisco Bay Area

  16. Topographic and Base-level Control on Back-Barrier Lagoon Evolution: West Galveston Bay, TX 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laverty, Paul H

    2014-12-02

    that flow into Chocolate Bay, and formed the basal surface of the accommodation available for Holocene infill. Radiocarbon dating of salient lithologic and seismic transitions in a few key cores revealed that several flooding events related to Holocene sea...

  17. Ground penetrating radar characterization of wood piles and the water table in Back Bay, Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeFrançois, Suzanne O'Neil, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    Ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys are performed to determine the depth to the water table and the tops of wood piles beneath a residential structure at 122 Beacon Street in Back Bay, Boston. The area of Boston known ...

  18. Review: Logistic regression, Gaussian nave Bayes, linear regression, and their connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Tom

    Review: Logistic regression, Gaussian naďve Bayes, linear regression, and their connections Yi, and feature selection #12;Outline Logistic regression Decision surface (boundary) of classifiers Generative vs. discriminative classifiers Linear regression Bias-variance decomposition and tradeoff

  19. Antecedent Geologic Controls on the Distribution of Oyster Reefs in Copano Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piper, Erin Alynn

    2011-08-08

    in June and July 2007. Surficial sediment analysis confirms that the recent sedimentation in Copano Bay is comprised of mostly estuarine mud with little sand or shell, large extents of oyster reefs and smaller areas of sand. Seismic stratigraphy analyses...

  20. Organic Matter Analysis of Sediments from Simpson Bay, Alaska using Elemental, Stable Isotopic, and Molecular Signatures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pondell, Christina

    2008-08-19

    Sediment samples from Simpson Bay, Alaska were analyzed to determine the influence of earthquake events on the accumulated organic matter. Radiochemical analysis of 210Pb activity in the sediment dated the cores and determined the depths...

  1. Spatial trends in community and health-related characteristics of Galveston Bay oyster reefs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Junggeun

    1994-01-01

    The spatial trends in the oyster community and healthrelated variables for Galveston Bay oyster reefs indicated that some other factors in addition to salinity are major structuring forces. Three different directional trends were found including one...

  2. iSAM2: Incremental smoothing and mapping using the Bayes tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaess, Michael

    We present a novel data structure, the Bayes tree, that provides an algorithmic foundation enabling a better understanding of existing graphical model inference algorithms and their connection to sparse matrix factorization ...

  3. Age and growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) from Matagorda Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stunz, Gregory Wayne

    1995-01-01

    Estimates of age and growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) from Matagorda Bay, Texas were made by analyzing thin sections of otoliths (sagittae) from 892 specimens collected along the Texas coast from May 1992 to January 1995...

  4. Phosphorus Cycling in the Red Tide Incubator Region of Monterey Bay in Response to Upwelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackey, Katherine R. M; Mioni, Cecile E; Ryan, John P; Paytan, Adina

    2012-01-01

    of C. balechii from the RTI region of Monterey Bay differsThe red tide incubator (RTI) is a persistent feature ofspecies that incubate in the RTI may cause harmful effects

  5. Successful Application of Heat Pumps to a DHC System in the Tokyo Bay Area 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanagihara, R.; Okagaki, A.

    2006-01-01

    The Harumi-Island District Heating & Cooling (DHC), which is located in the Tokyo Bay area, introduced the heat pump and thermal storage system with the aim of achieving minimum energy consumption, minimum environmental load, and maximum economical...

  6. Guidelines for left-turn bays at unsignalized access locations on arterial roadways 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawley, Patrick Emmett

    1994-01-01

    It has long been recognized that effective access management along arterial streets can alleviate traffic congestion. A major goal within access management is to limit the speed differential between turning and through vehicles. Left-turn bays...

  7. Vegetation and sediment characteristics of created and natural Spartina alterniflora marshes in Lower Galveston Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albertson, Andrea Kai

    1998-01-01

    Five natural and ten created Spartina altemiflora marshes in the Lower Galveston Bay System, Texas, were compared to determine if there were significantly different vegetative and sediment characteristics associated with ...

  8. Current Perspectives on the Physical and Biological Processes of Humboldt Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, S. C.; Rasmussen, R.

    2007-01-01

    Spit, which had absorbed much of the wave energy. Once theseharbor entrance deepened, wave energy came into the bay andand refocusing wave energy that, in turn, increases risk to

  9. Increase in the Intensity of Postmonsoon Bay of Bengal Tropical Cyclones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balaguru, Karthik; Taraphdar, Sourav; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Foltz, Gregory R.

    2014-05-28

    The post-monsoon (October-November) tropical cyclone (TC) season in the Bay of Bengal has spawned many of the deadliest storms in recorded history. Here it is shown that the intensity of post-monsoon Bay of Bengal TCs, and the contribution of major TCs to total TC power, increased during 1981-2010. It is found that changes in environmental parameters are responsible for the observed increases in TC intensity. Increases in sea surface temperature and upper ocean heat content made the ocean more conducive to TC development, while enhanced convective instability made the atmosphere more favorable for the growth of TCs. The largest changes in the atmosphere and ocean occurred in the eastern Bay of Bengal, where nearly all major TCs form. These changes are part of positive linear trends, suggesting that the intensity of post-monsoon Bay of Bengal TCs may continue to increase in the future.

  10. Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the Chesapeake Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the Chesapeake Bay. The consequences for both the hydrology and 41 #12;42 HYDRO-ECOLOGIC RESPONSES TO LAND USE IN SMALL URBANIZING

  11. Habitat associations and photo-identification of sea otters in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilkinson, Andrea Karin

    2006-04-12

    Habitat associations of sea otters during resting and feeding were investigated in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska during the summer months of 2001-2003. Sea otter locations collected during boat surveys were overlaid on bathymetry...

  12. The Association of Virulent Vibrio Spp. Bacteria on Gafftopsail and Hardhead Catfish in Galveston Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Leslie Deanne

    2011-10-21

    Vibrio vulnificus (Vv) and V. parahaemolyticus (Vp) are gram negative, halophilic bacteria that occur naturally in estuarine waters of Galveston Bay. Both bacteria have the potential to cause infections in humans either via consumption or direct...

  13. 13 OctOber 2013 Mission Bay Conference Center, San Francisco, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    1­3 OctOber 2013 Mission Bay Conference Center, San Francisco, USA www.beyond-the-genome.com Beyond the Genome 2013 #12;2 1­3 OctOber 2013 Mission Bay Conference Center, San Francisco, USA www.beyond-the-genome.com Beyond the Genome 2013 Exhibition and sponsorship Nick Moss BioMed Central T: +44 (0)20 3192 2723 E: nick

  14. An ecological study of an oyster population, including selected associated organisms in West Bay, Galveston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillard, Robert Moore

    1969-01-01

    AN ECOLOGICAL STUDY OF AN OYSTER POPULATION, INCLUDING SELECTED ASSOCIATED ORGANISMS IN WEST BAY, GALVESTON, TEXAS A Thesis ROBERT MOORE GILLARD Subri t ted to the Graduate College o f Texas ASM University in partia3 fulfillment... of the requiresent for the deBree c f MASTER OF SCIENCL' May 1969 Major Szhject: Ma iac Bio' ogy AN ECOLOGICAL STUDY OF AN OYSTER POPULATION, INCLUDING SELECTED ASSOCIATED ORGANISMS IN WEST BAY, GALVESTON, TEXAS A Thesis by ROBERT MOORE GILLARD Approved...

  15. BayeSED: A GENERAL APPROACH TO FITTING THE SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTION OF GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Yunkun; Han, Zhanwen, E-mail: hanyk@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: zhanwenhan@ynao.ac.cn [Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650011 (China)

    2014-11-01

    We present a newly developed version of BayeSED, a general Bayesian approach to the spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting of galaxies. The new BayeSED code has been systematically tested on a mock sample of galaxies. The comparison between the estimated and input values of the parameters shows that BayeSED can recover the physical parameters of galaxies reasonably well. We then applied BayeSED to interpret the SEDs of a large K{sub s} -selected sample of galaxies in the COSMOS/UltraVISTA field with stellar population synthesis models. Using the new BayeSED code, a Bayesian model comparison of stellar population synthesis models has been performed for the first time. We found that the 2003 model by Bruzual and Charlot, statistically speaking, has greater Bayesian evidence than the 2005 model by Maraston for the K{sub s} -selected sample. In addition, while setting the stellar metallicity as a free parameter obviously increases the Bayesian evidence of both models, varying the initial mass function has a notable effect only on the Maraston model. Meanwhile, the physical parameters estimated with BayeSED are found to be generally consistent with those obtained using the popular grid-based FAST code, while the former parameters exhibit more natural distributions. Based on the estimated physical parameters of the galaxies in the sample, we qualitatively classified the galaxies in the sample into five populations that may represent galaxies at different evolution stages or in different environments. We conclude that BayeSED could be a reliable and powerful tool for investigating the formation and evolution of galaxies from the rich multi-wavelength observations currently available. A binary version of the BayeSED code parallelized with Message Passing Interface is publicly available at https://bitbucket.org/hanyk/bayesed.

  16. Unusual sedimentation of a Galveston Bay wetland at Pine Gully, Seabrook, Texas: implications for beach renourishment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culver, Wesley Richard

    2009-06-02

    OF A GALVESTON BAY WETLAND AT PINE GULLY, SEABROOK, TEXAS: IMPLICATIONS FOR BEACH RENOURISHMENT A Thesis by WESLEY RICHARD CULVER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2007 Major Subject: Geology UNUSUAL SEDIMENTATION OF A GALVESTON BAY WETLAND AT PINE GULLY, SEABROOK, TEXAS: IMPLICATIONS FOR BEACH RENOURISHMENT A Thesis by WESLEY RICHARD CULVER...

  17. An internship with the Galveston Bay Foundation emphasizing Coastal Marsh Restoration with Spartina alterniflora 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmoud, Joey

    1996-01-01

    Record of Study An Internship with the Galveston Bay Foundation Emphasizing Coastal Marsh Restoration with Spartina alterrsiflora A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Joey Mahmoud Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas ASM University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE May 1996 Rangeland Ecology and Management An Internship with the Galveston Bay Foundation Emphasizing Coastal Marsh Restoration with Spartina alterniflora A PROFESSIONAL PAPER...

  18. Highly dispersive photonic band-gap-edge optofluidic biosensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, S; Xiao, Sanshui; Mortensen, Niels Asger

    2006-01-01

    Highly dispersive photonic band-gap-edge optofluidic biosensors are studied theoretically. We demonstrate that these structures are strongly sensitive to the refractive index of the liquid, which is used to tune dispersion of the photonic crystal. The upper frequency band-gap edge shifts about 1.8 nm for dn=0.002, which is quite sensitive. Results from transmission spectra agree well with those obtained from the band structure theory.

  19. SOME DIFFUSE INTERSTELLAR BANDS RELATED TO INTERSTELLAR C2 MOLECULES1 J. A. Thorburn,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oka, Takeshi

    previously detected. The 4963 band is generally the strongest of the 18 C2 DIBs, while the 4734 band shows

  20. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians- 2010 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians (ACBCI) will conduct a feasibility and predevelopment study of potential solar projects on its lands in southern California.

  1. Engineering the Electronic Band Structure for Multiband Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez, N.; Reichertz, L.A.; Yu, K.M.; Campman, K.; Walukiewicz, W.

    2010-07-12

    Using the unique features of the electronic band structure of GaNxAs1-x alloys, we have designed, fabricated and tested a multiband photovoltaic device. The device demonstrates an optical activity of three energy bands that absorb, and convert into electrical current, the crucial part of the solar spectrum. The performance of the device and measurements of electroluminescence, quantum efficiency and photomodulated reflectivity are analyzed in terms of the Band Anticrossing model of the electronic structure of highly mismatched alloys. The results demonstrate the feasibility of using highly mismatched alloys to engineer the semiconductor energy band structure for specific device applications.

  2. Project Reports for Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians- 2011 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians would like to begin to focus on renewable sources for electricity and to actively target lowering the energy usage of the community.

  3. InfiniBand-Connected LNET Routers Wheaton College Georgia Institute...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scalability of InfiniBand-Connected LNET Routers Wheaton College Georgia Institute of Technology New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Susan Coulter David Bonnie...

  4. Experimental reconstruction of Wilson lines in Bloch bands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy Li; Lucia Duca; Martin Reitter; Fabian Grusdt; Eugene Demler; Manuel Endres; Monika Schleier-Smith; Immanuel Bloch; Ulrich Schneider

    2015-09-07

    Topology and geometry are essential to our understanding of modern physics, underlying many foundational concepts from a variety of fields. In condensed matter systems, the electronic properties of a solid are determined not only by the scalar dispersion of the bands, but also by the geometry of the band eigenstates. While this information is encoded in the Berry connection and the corresponding Berry phase in the specific case of a single band, the geometry of general multi-band systems is described by the matrix-valued Wilczek-Zee connection and the corresponding Wilson lines. Whereas Berry phases have been directly observed in Bloch bands, Wilson lines have solely been employed as a theoretical construct. Here, we report on the realization of strong-force dynamics in Bloch bands that are described by Wilson lines. The resulting evolution of band populations is purely geometric in origin and can directly reveal both the geometric structure and dispersion of the bands. Our techniques enable a full determination of band eigenstates, Berry curvature, and topological invariants, including Chern and $Z_2$ numbers.

  5. Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic...

  6. Germanium blocked impurity band infrared detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rossington, C.S.; Haller, E.E.

    1988-08-01

    Germanium blocked impurity band (BIB) photoconductors have been fabricated and characterized for responsivity, dark current, and noise equivalent power. BIB photoconductors theoretically provide an extension of the spectral response, a reduction in sensitivity to cosmic radiation and a reduction in noise characteristics compared with conventional photoconductors. Silicon BIB detectors have been successfully developed by researchers at Rockwell International, which do indeed meet their theoretical potential. In the proper configuration, these same Si BIB detectors are capable of continuous detection of individual photons in the wavelength range from 0.4 to 28 ..mu..m. Until the BIB concept was developed, detection of individual photons was only possible with photomultiplier tubes which detected visible light. Due to the successes of the Si BIB detectors, it seemed natural to extend this concept to Ge detectors, which would then allow an extension of the spectral response over conventional Ge detectors from /approximately/100 ..mu..m to /approximately/200 ..mu..m. 8 refs., 2 figs.

  7. Sources and sinks of [sup 210]Pb in Concepcion Bay, Chile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salamanca, Orrego, M.A.

    1993-01-01

    The sources and sinks of [sup 210]Pb to Concepcion Bay waters were evaluated to discern the relative importance of the main removal and supply mechanisms of this radionuclide to the waters of Concepcion Bay. The main inputs of [sup 210]Pb are the atmospheric supply and the advection of offshore upwelling waters. The atmospheric input was measured in precipitation using a collector and inventories of excess [sup 210]Pb in Rocuant and Raqui marsh sediments. The average atmospheric supply of [sup 210]Pb for Concepcion area is about 0.3 dpm cm[sup [minus]2] yr[sup [minus]1]. The advective input from upwelling varies from 0.6 [+-] 1.3 to 2.1 [+-] 2.0 dpm cm[sup [minus]2] yr[sup [minus]1]. [sup 210]Pb is removed efficiently from the water column as shelf water with high [sup 210]Pb content crosses the continental shelf off Concepcion Bay, with [sup 210]Pb/[sup 226]Ra activity ratios decreasing by a factor of 3 to 4 before reaching the interior of the bay. This is coincident with an increase of suspended matter concentration towards inside the bay. The main removal of [sup 210]Pb from Concepcion Bay waters is deposition in sediments. There is an increase of the [sup 210]Pb inventories toward the bay entrance excess (by a factor of 2) and outside the bay sediments (by a factor of 7). This pattern can be explained by an increase of mixing of sediments by the benthic infauna and enhanced removal of [sup 210]Pb from the water column by particles near the bay mouth. Mass balance calculations are included. The residence time of [sup 210]Pb with respect to removal from water column is estimated to be 17 to 43 days. The results of this research indicate that [sup 210]Pb and probably other similar particle-reactive contaminants (such as heavy metals) are retained and redistributed inside the bay by circulation, resuspension and biological mixing.

  8. Monitoring and Modeling Non-Point Source Contributions of Host-Specific Fecal Contamination in San Pablo Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wuertz, Stefan; Bombardelli, Fabian A; Sirikanchana, Kwanrawee; Wang, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Host-Specific Fecal Contamination in San Pablo Bay Principlelivestock sources of fecal contamination in Kenya with host-Huang. Abstract Fecal contamination from non-point sources

  9. Automatically Detecting Members and Instrumentation of Music Bands via Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widmer, Gerhard

    as new or modi- fied web pages incorporating the changes become available. Deriving (member, instrumentAutomatically Detecting Members and Instrumentation of Music Bands via Web Content Mining Markus to automatically de- tecting music band members and instrumentation using web content min- ing techniques

  10. Band excitation method applicable to scanning probe microscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jesse, Stephen; Kalinin, Sergei V

    2013-05-28

    Methods and apparatus are described for scanning probe microscopy. A method includes generating a band excitation (BE) signal having finite and predefined amplitude and phase spectrum in at least a first predefined frequency band; exciting a probe using the band excitation signal; obtaining data by measuring a response of the probe in at least a second predefined frequency band; and extracting at least one relevant dynamic parameter of the response of the probe in a predefined range including analyzing the obtained data. The BE signal can be synthesized prior to imaging (static band excitation), or adjusted at each pixel or spectroscopy step to accommodate changes in sample properties (adaptive band excitation). An apparatus includes a band excitation signal generator; a probe coupled to the band excitation signal generator; a detector coupled to the probe; and a relevant dynamic parameter extractor component coupled to the detector, the relevant dynamic parameter extractor including a processor that performs a mathematical transform selected from the group consisting of an integral transform and a discrete transform.

  11. Band excitation method applicable to scanning probe microscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jesse, Stephen (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Kalinin, Sergei V. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN

    2010-08-17

    Methods and apparatus are described for scanning probe microscopy. A method includes generating a band excitation (BE) signal having finite and predefined amplitude and phase spectrum in at least a first predefined frequency band; exciting a probe using the band excitation signal; obtaining data by measuring a response of the probe in at least a second predefined frequency band; and extracting at least one relevant dynamic parameter of the response of the probe in a predefined range including analyzing the obtained data. The BE signal can be synthesized prior to imaging (static band excitation), or adjusted at each pixel or spectroscopy step to accommodate changes in sample properties (adaptive band excitation). An apparatus includes a band excitation signal generator; a probe coupled to the band excitation signal generator; a detector coupled to the probe; and a relevant dynamic parameter extractor component coupled to the detector, the relevant dynamic parameter extractor including a processor that performs a mathematical transform selected from the group consisting of an integral transform and a discrete transform.

  12. Italian Science Case for ALMA Band 2+3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beltran, M T; Brand, J; Casasola, V; Cesaroni, R; Codella, C; Fontani, F; Gregorini, L; Guidi, G; Hunt, L; Liuzzo, E; Marconi, A; Massardi, M; Moscadelli, L; Paladini, R; Podio, L; Prandoni, I; Rygl, K L J; Rivilla, V; .,; Testi, L

    2015-01-01

    The Premiale Project "Science and Technology in Italy for the upgraded ALMA Observatory - iALMA" has the goal of strengthening the scientific, technological and industrial Italian contribution to the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the largest ground based international infrastructure for the study of the Universe in the microwave. One of the main objectives of the Science Working Group (SWG) inside iALMA, the Work Package 1, is to develop the Italian contribution to the Science Case for the ALMA Band 2 or Band 2+3 receiver. ALMA Band 2 receiver spans from ~67 GHz (bounded by an opaque line complex of ozone lines) up to 90 GHz which overlaps with the lower frequency end of ALMA Band 3. Receiver technology has advanced since the original definition of the ALMA frequency bands. It is now feasible to produce a single receiver which could cover the whole frequency range from 67 GHz to 116 GHz, encompassing Band 2 and Band 3 in a single receiver cartridge, a so called Band 2+3 system. In addit...

  13. The electronic structure of heavy fermions: Narrow temperature independent bands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arko, A.J.; Joyce, J.J.; Smith, J.L.; Andrews, A.B.

    1996-08-01

    The electronic structure of both Ce and U heavy fermions appears to consist of extremely narrow temperature independent bands. There is no evidence from photoemission for a collective phenomenon normally referred to as the Kondo resonance. In uranium compounds a small dispersion of the bands is easily measurable.

  14. SEMIEMPIRICAL MOLECULAR ORBITAL CALCULATIONS OF BAND GAPS OF CONJUGATED POLYMERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    SEMI­EMPIRICAL MOLECULAR ORBITAL CALCULATIONS OF BAND GAPS OF CONJUGATED POLYMERS Tahir Cagin Research and Development Center, Materials Labarotory, Polymer Branch, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 geometries and energy band gaps of conjugated polymers. In this study, we used a modified version of semi

  15. Highly Mismatched Alloys for Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walukiewicz, W.; Yu, K.M.; Wu, J.; Ager III, J.W.; Shan, W.; Scrapulla, M.A.; Dubon, O.D.; Becla, P.

    2005-03-21

    It has long been recognized that the introduction of a narrow band of states in a semiconductor band gap could be used to achieve improved power conversion efficiency in semiconductor-based solar cells. The intermediate band would serve as a ''stepping stone'' for photons of different energy to excite electrons from the valence to the conduction band. An important advantage of this design is that it requires formation of only a single p-n junction, which is a crucial simplification in comparison to multijunction solar cells. A detailed balance analysis predicts a limiting efficiency of more than 50% for an optimized, single intermediate band solar cell. This is higher than the efficiency of an optimized two junction solar cell. Using ion beam implantation and pulsed laser melting we have synthesized Zn{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}O{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloys with x<0.03. These highly mismatched alloys have a unique electronic structure with a narrow oxygen-derived intermediate band. The width and the location of the band is described by the Band Anticrossing model and can be varied by controlling the oxygen content. This provides a unique opportunity to optimize the absorption of solar photons for best solar cell performance. We have carried out systematic studies of the effects of the intermediate band on the optical and electrical properties of Zn{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}O{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloys. We observe an extension of the photovoltaic response towards lower photon energies, which is a clear indication of optical transitions from the valence to the intermediate band.

  16. HOOPER BAY HOUSING ANALYSIS AND ENERGY FEASIBILITY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SEA LION CORPORATION; COLD CLIMATE HOUSING RESEARCH CENTER; SOLUTIONS FOR HEALTHY BREATHING; WHITNEY CONSTRUCTION

    2012-12-30

    Sea Lion applied for and received a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) towards this end titled â??Energy Efficiency Development and Deployment in Indian Countryâ?ť. The initial objectives of the Hooper Bay Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study were to demonstrate a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the Tribe through: (1) partnering with Whitney Construction and Solutions for Healthy Breathing in the training and hire of 2 local energy assessors to conduct energy audits of 9 representative housing models and 2 commercial units in the community. These homes are representative of 52 homes constructed across different eras. (2) partnering with Cold Climate Housing Research Center to document current electrical and heating energy consumption and analyze data for a final feasibility report (3) assessing the economics of electricity & heating fuel usage; (4) projecting energy savings or fossil fuel reduction by modeling of improvement scenarios and cost feasibility The following two objectives will be completed after the publication of this report: (5) the development of materials lists for energy efficiency improvements (6) identifying financing options for the follow-up energy efficiency implementation phase.

  17. Improved Measurement of Electron Antineutrino Disappearance at Daya Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daya Bay Collaboration; F. P. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; R. L. Brown; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; R. Carr; W. T. Chan; J. F. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. S. Chen; H. Y. Chen; S. J. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. C. Chen; X. H. Chen; X. S. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. X. Chen; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; S. D. Fang; J. Y. Fu; Z. W. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. L. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; Y. A. Gornushkin; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; R. L. Hahn; S. Hans; H. F. Hao; M. He; Q. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; T. Hu; H. X. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; V. Issakov; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; S. Jetter; X. L. Ji; X. P. Ji; H. J. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; C. Y. Lai; W. C. Lai; W. H. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; J. K. C. Leung; K. Y. Leung; C. A. Lewis; F. Li; G. S. Li; Q. J. Li; W. D. Li; X. B. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; D. W. Liu; J. C. Liu; J. L. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; A. Luk; K. B. Luk; Q. M. Ma; X. B. Ma; X. Y. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; D. Mohapatra; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; I. Nemchenok; H. Y. Ngai; W. K. Ngai; Y. B. Nie; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. B. Shao; K. Shih; H. Steiner; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; N. Tagg; Y. H. Tam; H. K. Tanaka; X. Tang; H. Themann; Y. Torun; S. Trentalange; O. Tsai; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; L. Z. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Y. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; Y. Williamson; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; E. T. Worcester; F. F. Wu; Q. Wu; J. B. Xi; D. M. Xia; Z. Z. Xing; J. Xu; J. Xu; J. L. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; C. G. Yang; L. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; Z. Y. Yu; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

    2012-11-17

    We report an improved measurement of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ from the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. We exclude a zero value for $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ with a significance of 7.7 standard deviations. Electron antineutrinos from six reactors of 2.9 GW$_{\\rm th}$ were detected in six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (flux-weighted baselines of 470 m and 576 m) and one far (1648 m) underground experimental halls. Using 139 days of data, 28909 (205308) electron antineutrino candidates were detected at the far hall (near halls). The ratio of the observed to the expected number of antineutrinos assuming no oscillations at the far hall is $0.944\\pm 0.007({\\rm stat.}) \\pm 0.003({\\rm syst.})$. An analysis of the relative rates in six detectors finds $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}=0.089\\pm 0.010({\\rm stat.})\\pm0.005({\\rm syst.})$ in a three-neutrino framework.

  18. Deep porosity preservation in the Norphlet Formation, Mobil Bay, Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ajdukiewicz, J.M.; Paxton, S.T.; Szabvo, J.O. )

    1991-03-01

    Compaction and pressure solution have commonly been assumed to destroy primary intergranular porosity in deeply buried sandstones. However, primary porosities of up to 20% are preserved at depths greater than 20,000 feet in the Norphlet Formation of Mobile Bay. Previous workers have called upon a number of mechanisms to preserve these high porosities in the Norphlet, specifically chlorite rim cements, gas emplacement, overpressuring, and decementation. In contrast, our study of data from 23 Norphlet wells, including 450 thin sections, indicates that these suggested mechanisms are not the primary cause of porosity preservation in the Norphlet. The authors propose an alternative interpretation: that in the Norphlet, as in other well-sorted, ductile-grain-poor sandstones, porosity loss from compaction did not go to completion under reservoir (premetamorphic) conditions, but stabilized at depths of about 5,000-8,000 feet and porosity values of about 26%. Porosity loss below these values is due to cementation. For cementation to occur, both an adequate source of cement and geochemical conditions favoring cement precipitation must be present. Computer simulations of Norphlet burial history, including post-depositional fluid-flow patterns, suggest that conditions favorable to quartz cementation never occurred in the bulk of the Norphlet because of the formation's stratigraphic position and isolation from a basinward source of silica-saturated fluids.

  19. Many people and organizations are working together to ensure the Morro Bay ecosystem remains healthy: the San Luis Obispo Science and Ecosystem Alliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilderbrand, Robert H.

    healthy: the San Luis Obispo Science and Ecosystem Alliance (SLOSEA), the Morro Bay National Estuary were developed by members of the San Luis Obispo Science and Ecosystem Alliance, the Morro Bay National

  20. Physical properties and analytical models of band-to-band tunneling in low-bandgap semiconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shih, Chun-Hsing Dang Chien, Nguyen

    2014-01-28

    Low-bandgap semiconductors, such as InAs and InSb, are widely considered to be ideal for use in tunnel field-effect transistors to ensure sufficient on-current boosting at low voltages. This work elucidates the physical and mathematical considerations of applying conventional band-to-band tunneling models in low-bandgap semiconductors, and presents a new analytical alternative for practical use. The high-bandgap tunneling generates most at maximum field region with shortest tunnel path, whereas the low-bandgap generations occur dispersedly because of narrow tunnel barrier. The local electrical field associated with tunneling-electron numbers dominates in low-bandgap materials. This work proposes decoupled electric-field terms in the pre-exponential factor and exponential function of generation-rate expressions. Without fitting, the analytical results and approximated forms exhibit great agreements with the sophisticated forms both in high- and low-bandgap semiconductors. Neither nonlocal nor local field is appropriate to be used in numerical simulations for predicting the tunneling generations in a variety of low- and high-bandgap semiconductors.

  1. EA-1992: Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for the WindFloat Pacific Offshore Wind Demonstration Project, offshore of Coos Bay, Oregon

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for the WindFloat Pacific Offshore Wind Demonstration Project, offshore of Coos Bay, Oregon

  2. USDA Forest Service Gen.Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-187. 2003. 249 VI. The Association of Bay Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of leaders in the high-tech industry, in writing a report designed to address the problem of housingUSDA Forest Service Gen.Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-187. 2003. 249 VI. The Association of Bay Area in the region. #12;USDA Forest Service Gen.Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-187. 2003. SectionVI 250 THE ASSOCIATION OF BAY

  3. Seasonal dynamics of bacterial biomass and production in a coastal arctic ecosystem: Franklin Bay, western Canadian Arctic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Warwick F.

    Seasonal dynamics of bacterial biomass and production in a coastal arctic ecosystem: Franklin Bay 2008. [1] The Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study (CASES) included the overwintering deployment biomass and production in a coastal arctic ecosystem: Franklin Bay, western Canadian Arctic, J. Geophys

  4. Impacts of Radioactive 137Cs on Marine Bacterioplankton: Effects of the Fukushima Disaster on Hawaii's Kaneohe Bay Bacterial Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Paul

    Impacts of Radioactive 137Cs on Marine Bacterioplankton: Effects of the Fukushima Disaster such catastrophe, a tsunami off the coast of Japan, occurred on March 11, 2011. The tsunami caused the Fukushima on the bacterioplankton community of Kaneohe Bay in Oahu, Hawaii. The bay is in the direct path of Fukushima's radioactive

  5. Sediment accumulation in San Leandro Bay, Alameda County, California, during the 20th century - A preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, K.M.; Fuller, C.C.

    1986-01-01

    Major changes made in the configuration of San Leandro Bay, Alameda County, California, during the 20th century have caused rapid sedimentation within parts of the Bay. Comparison of bathymetric surveys indicates that sedimentation in the vicinity of the San Leandro Bay channel averaged 0.7 cm/annum between 1856 and 1984. Lead-210 data collected at four shallow water sites east of the San Leandro Bay channel indicated that sedimentation rates have averaged between 0.06 and 0.28 cm/annum. Because bioturbation of bottom sediments cannot be discounted, better definition of this range in sedimentation rates would require measuring the activity of lead-210 on incoming sediments. In addition to sediment deposited in the vicinity of the San Leandro Bay channel and open, shallow areas to the east, 850,740 cu m of sediment was deposited between 1948 and 1983 in an area dredged at the mouth of San Leandro Creek. All available data indicate that between 1,213,000 and 1,364,000 cu m of sediment was deposited in San Leandro Bay between 1948 and 1983. Sediment yield data from an adjacent drainage basin, when combined with inventories of lead-210 and cesium-137, indicate that most of the sediment deposited in San Leandro Bay is coming from resuspension of bottom sediments or from erosion of marshes or shorelines of San Leandro or San Francisco Bay. 31 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

  6. Cultural contributions to the island of St. John, United States Virgin Islands: underwater historical archaeology at Cruz Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marquez, Carmen M

    1995-01-01

    on the eastern side of St. John. Coral Bay was the principal port of St. John until 1733, when a major slave insurrection occurred, and the population moved west toward Cruz Bay, a primary anchorage for interisland and transoceanic vessels during the 18th and 19...

  7. Sanders, J. E.; Merguerian, Charles; and Okulewicz, S. C., 1995b, Recumbent fold in displaced slab of Upper Cretaceous sediments, Princes Bay, Staten Island, New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merguerian, Charles

    of Upper Cretaceous sediments, Princes Bay, Staten Island, New York: further evidence that ice flowing Program with Abstracts, 135 p. RECUMBENT FOLD IN DISPLACED SLAB OF UPPER CRETACEOUS SEDIMENTS, PRINCES BAY the navigation tower along the shores of Princes Bay, Staten Island, [UTM grid coordinates 566.70E, 4484.20N

  8. First principles investigation of scaling trends of zirconium silicate interface band offsets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutton, Robert W.

    First principles investigation of scaling trends of zirconium silicate interface band offsets out to investigate the scaling trends of band offsets at model silicon/zirconium silicate interfaces. Owing to the d character of zirconium silicate conduction bands, the band gap and band offset are shown

  9. Independent measurement of the neutrino mixing angle ?13 via neutron capture on hydrogen at Daya Bay

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jaffe, D. E.

    2014-10-03

    A new measurement of the ?13 mixing angle has been obtained at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment via the detection of inverse beta decays tagged by neutron capture on hydrogen. The antineutrino events for hydrogen capture are distinct from those for gadolinium capture with largely different systematic uncertainties, allowing a determination independent of the gadolinium-capture result and an improvement on the precision of the ?13 measurement. With a 217-day antineutrino data set obtained with six antineutrino detectors and from six 2.9 GWth reactors, the rate deficit observed at the far hall is interpreted as sin22?13=0.083±0.018 in the three-flavor oscillationmore »model. When combined with the gadolinium-capture result from Daya Bay, we obtain sin22?13=0.089±0.008 as the final result for the six-antineutrino-detector configuration of the Daya Bay experiment.« less

  10. Design considerations for band-pass sigma-delta modulators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Pavan Kumar

    2001-01-01

    Traditionally, the design of band-pass sigma-delta modulators is composed of two steps, the first at the system level and the second at the transistor level. The transition from the system level to the transistor level ...

  11. Synthesis of electromagnetic modes in photonic band gap fibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Qichao

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we report on the successful synthesis of three individual modes, HE11, TEo0, and TE02 for transmission in photonic band gap fibers at near infrared wavelengths. We measure the propagation losses of the HE11 ...

  12. Substrate-induced band gap opening in epitaxial graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    H.A. Electronic states of graphene nanoribbons studied withS.G. Louie. Energy gaps in graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.band-gap engineering of graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.

  13. Band Gap Engineering of Poly(p-phenyleneethynylene)s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myrick, Michael Lenn

    Band Gap Engineering of Poly(p-phenyleneethynylene)s: Cross-Conjugated PPE-PPV Hybrids James N. Reaction of 2 with the aldehydes 3a-f in the presence of sodium hydride in THF furnishes the diiodides 4

  14. Band Alignment Engineering in Highly Efficient Planar Perovskite...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Band Alignment Engineering in Highly Efficient Planar Perovskite Solar Cells September 22, 2015 at 4:30 pm36-428 Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena COLE POLYTECHNIQUE FDRALE DE...

  15. An X-Band Gun Test Area at SLAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Limborg-Deprey, C.; Adolphsen, C.; Chu, T.S.; Dunning, M.P.; Jobe, R.K.; Jongewaard, E.N.; Hast, C.; Vlieks, A.E.; Wang, F.; Walz, D.R.; Marsh, R.A.; Anderson, S.G.; Hartemann, F.V.; Houck, T.L.; /LLNL, Livermore

    2012-09-07

    The X-Band Test Area (XTA) is being assembled in the NLCTA tunnel at SLAC to serve as a test facility for new RF guns. The first gun to be tested will be an upgraded version of the 5.6 cell, 200 MV/m peak field X-band gun designed at SLAC in 2003 for the Compton Scattering experiment run in ASTA. This new version includes some features implemented in 2006 on the LCLS gun such as racetrack couplers, increased mode separation and elliptical irises. These upgrades were developed in collaboration with LLNL since the same gun will be used in an injector for a LLNL Gamma-ray Source. Our beamline includes an X-band acceleration section which takes the electron beam up to 100 MeV and an electron beam measurement station. Other X-Band guns such as the UCLA Hybrid gun will be characterized at our facility.

  16. Band gap engineering strategy via polarization rotation in perovskite ferroelectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Fenggong Grinberg, Ilya; Rappe, Andrew M.

    2014-04-14

    We propose a strategy to engineer the band gaps of perovskite oxide ferroelectrics, supported by first principles calculations. We find that the band gaps of perovskites can be substantially reduced by as much as 1.2?eV through local rhombohedral-to-tetragonal structural transition. Furthermore, the strong polarization of the rhombohedral perovskite is largely preserved by its tetragonal counterpart. The B-cation off-center displacements and the resulting enhancement of the antibonding character in the conduction band give rise to the wider band gaps of the rhombohedral perovskites. The correlation between the structure, polarization orientation, and electronic structure lays a good foundation for understanding the physics of more complex perovskite solid solutions and provides a route for the design of photovoltaic perovskite ferroelectrics.

  17. Wide band-gap nanowires for light emitting diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chesin, Jordan (Jordan Paul)

    2015-01-01

    Wide band-gap nanowires composed of GaN and ZnO are promising materials for unique designs and potential efficiency improvement of light emitting diodes (LEDs) for solid state lighting. The large surface-to-volume ratio ...

  18. Direct observation of a dispersionless impurity band in hydrogenated graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberer, D.

    We show with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy that a new energy band appears in the electronic structure of electron-doped hydrogenated monolayer graphene (H-graphene). Its occupation can be controlled with the ...

  19. Little River Band of Ottawa Indians- 2011 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    he main purpose of this project is to increase human capacity of the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI) to understand the components of renewable energy and the importance of energy efficiency.

  20. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians- 2012 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians (ACBCI) plans to complete a feasibility study to evaluate a combined wind/solar power generation project on its Whitewater Ranch trust lands in southern California.

  1. Photonic-Band-Gap Traveling-Wave Gyrotron Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanni, Emilio Alessandro

    We report the experimental demonstration of a gyrotron traveling-wave-tube amplifier at 250 GHz that uses a photonic band gap (PBG) interaction circuit. The gyrotron amplifier achieved a peak small signal gain of 38 dB and ...

  2. Linear Scaling of the Exciton Binding Energy versus the Band...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Linear Scaling of the Exciton Binding Energy versus the Band Gap of Two-Dimensional Materials This content will become publicly available on August 6, 2016 Prev Next Title:...

  3. Comparative cytotaxonomy in the tribe Bovini studied by banding techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rich, Donna Carol

    1986-01-01

    Committee: Dr. James E. Womack Chromosomes of eight species of the tribe Bovini were studied by G ? banding, C ? banding and silver staining techniques. The results of this comparative cytogenetic study support the theory that Robertsonian fusion... in the tribe Bovini whose species appear to differ by a series of centromeric fusions. The phylogenetic tree derived from the cytogenetic data of this study is not consistent with morphological and behavioral trees previously described for the tribe Bovini...

  4. Ann bay lodyans 1 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 1 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 1 Se Bryant Freeman...

  5. A study of the foraminifera and sediments of Matagorda Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenton, Edward Heriot

    1957-01-01

    A STUDY OF THE FORAMINIFERA AND SEDIMENTS OF MATAGORDA BAY& TEXAS ahg C0 L ( /SF OP FF QS A Thesis By Edward Heriot Shenton Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfilhaent... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1957 MaJor SubJect: Oceanography A STUDY OF THE FORAMINIFEBA AND SEDIMEETS OF MATAGOBDA BAY, TEXAS A Thesis By Edward Heriot Shenton Approved as to style and content by; Chairman of Couu~it e Head...

  6. Abundance and distribution of the western Gulf stone crab (Menippe adina) in Galveston Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boslet, Jane Murray

    1989-01-01

    I BUNDANCE AND DI STRISUT . ON OF THE WESTERN GULF STOiuE CRAB LilFNIL'PC l', Diijil) IN GALVESTON BAY TEXAS Thesis JALXE iiURRAY HOSLET SuL&mitted to th= Office of Graduate Studies of Texa Aai1 University in :. a- Dial fulfullment... of the requirements for the deqree of MAS'I ~ R OI" SCIENCE May 19B9 Major subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences ABUNDANCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE WESTERN GULF STONE CRAB (NENIPPE ADINA) IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by JANE MURRAY BOSLET Approved...

  7. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.; Walker, A.; Roberts, J.; Falcey, J.

    2011-11-01

    DOD's U.S. Pacific Command has partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency in Hawaii installations. NREL selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric vehicle integration. This report summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations.

  8. MHK Projects/Kachemak Bay Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos Bay OPTHalf Moon CoveHydroKachemak Bay

  9. AN H-BAND SPECTROSCOPIC METALLICITY CALIBRATION FOR M DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terrien, Ryan C.; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Bender, Chad F.; Deshpande, Rohit; Ramsey, Lawrence W.; Bochanski, John J., E-mail: rct151@psu.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2012-03-10

    We present an empirical near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic method for estimating M dwarf metallicities, based on features in the H band, as well as an implementation of a similar published method in the K band. We obtained R {approx} 2000 NIR spectra of a sample of M dwarfs using the NASA IRTF-SpeX spectrograph, including 22 M dwarf metallicity calibration targets that have FGK companions with known metallicities. The H-band and K-band calibrations provide equivalent fits to the metallicities of these binaries, with an accuracy of {+-}0.12 dex. We derive the first empirically calibrated spectroscopic metallicity estimate for the giant planet-hosting M dwarf GJ 317, confirming its supersolar metallicity. Combining this result with observations of eight other M dwarf planet hosts, we find that M dwarfs with giant planets are preferentially metal-rich compared to those that host less massive planets. Our H-band calibration relies on strongly metallicity-dependent features in the H band, which will be useful in compositional studies using mid- to high-resolution NIR M dwarf spectra, such as those produced by multiplexed surveys like SDSS-III APOGEE. These results will also be immediately useful for ongoing spectroscopic surveys of M dwarfs.

  10. Fond du Lac Band Leads Climate Resilience Efforts on Lake Superior...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Fond du Lac Band Leads Climate Resilience Efforts on Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Reservation Fond du Lac Band Leads Climate Resilience Efforts on Lake Superior Chippewa Indian...

  11. Glacial and nonglacial events in the eastern James Bay lowlands, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and dating nonglacial deposits in sedimentary sequences east of James Bay. Our investigations indicate that the regional stratigraphy comprises at least five distinct tills and an important unit of glaciola- custrine rhythmites. This glacial sequence lies on massive lacustrine clay and fluvial sand containing abundant

  12. Simulation of Estuarine Flooding and Dewatering with Application to Great Bay, New Hampshire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulation of Estuarine Flooding and Dewatering with Application to Great Bay, New Hampshire Justin T. C. Ip, Daniel R. Lynch Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 03755, U.S.A. Carl T, New Hamp­ shire estuary system are presented. The model incorporate two­dimensional kinematic wave

  13. Modeling tidal flow in the Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire, using a depth averaged

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling tidal flow in the Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire, using a depth averaged flooding, University of New Hampshire, USA. 2 Numerical Methods Lab., Dartmouth College, USA. 3 Ocean Process Analysis Lab., University of New Hampshire, USA. Abstract Current, sea level and bed load transport

  14. Simulation of the Great Bay Estuarine System: Tides with Tidal Flats Wetting and Drying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , S.N. Erturk, M.R. Swift, W.S. Brown, B. Celikkol University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 03824, U.S.A. J.T.C. Ip, D.R. Lynch Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 03755, U.S.A. January 2 2 tide, Great Bay Estuarine System, New Hampshire coast. #12; 2 Simulation of the GBES 1

  15. Simulation of the Great Bay Estuarine System: Tides with Tidal Flats Wetting and Drying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , A. Bilgili , M.R. Swift, W.S. Brown, B. Celikkol University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 03824, U.S.A. J.T.C. Ip, D.R. Lynch Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 03755, U.S.A. February 27 2 tide, Great Bay Estuarine System, New Hampshire coast. #12; 2 Simulation of the GBES 1

  16. Bayes Linear Uncertainty Analysis for Oil Reservoirs Based on Multiscale Computer Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    of the input parameters for a reservoir model. Therefore, an uncertainty analysis for the model often proceedsBayes Linear Uncertainty Analysis for Oil Reservoirs Based on Multiscale Computer Experiments for the efficient management of the reservoir. In a Bayesian analysis, all of our uncertainties are incorporated

  17. Spatial analysis of air pollution and cancer incidence rates in Haifa Bay, Israel Ori Eitan a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatial analysis of air pollution and cancer incidence rates in Haifa Bay, Israel Ori Eitan with historically high air pollution levels. This work tests whether persistent spatial patterns of metrics of chronic exposure to air pollutants are associated with the observed patterns of cancer incidence rates

  18. Are You Polluting Our Lakes and Streams and the Chesapeake Bay?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    1 Are You Polluting Our Lakes and Streams and the Chesapeake Bay? Pet waste left to decay, and rivers. They include the following: · Pesticides · Household chemicals · Fertilizers · Oil and antifreeze · Pet waste When pet waste is washed into lakes or streams, the waste decays, using up oxygen

  19. Attachment B: Jamaica Bay Watershed Protection Plan Update 1. WATER QUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Bay. Ongoing NYCDEP continues to limit shipments. NA NA DEP See attached status report. Upgrade will accommodate daily transshipments instead of a few times a week to ensure all Jamaica sludge is treated via excess algae and sea lettuce to reduce nitrogen and produce biodiesel fuels. Design anticipated to begin

  20. Nekton of New Seagrass Habitats Colonizing a Subsided Salt Marsh in Galveston Bay, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nekton of New Seagrass Habitats Colonizing a Subsided Salt Marsh in Galveston Bay, Texas SETH P Delwood Beach Road, Panama City, Florida 32408 ABSTRACT: Subsidence and erosion of intertidal salt marsh on this system is the extrac- tion of subsurface oil, gas, and water resources that has caused land subsidence

  1. Space Use by Forster's Terns Breeding in South San Francisco Bay JILL BLUSO-DEMERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colwell, Mark

    , sex- specific foraging behaviors among seabirds with negligible sexual size dimorphism (i that differ- ences reported in sexually dimorphic species are not mediated exclusively by differences in body 95616 4 Current address: San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory, 524 Valley Way, Milpitas, CA 95035 Internet

  2. Offshore wind resources from satellite SAR Charlotte Bay Hasager, Merete Bruun Christiansen, Morten Nielsen,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offshore wind resources from satellite SAR Charlotte Bay Hasager, Merete Bruun Christiansen, Morten Nielsen, Risoe National Laboratory, Wind Energy Department, DTU, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde-real-time calculated to wind maps using CMOD functions using the ANSWRS software from the Johns Hopkins University

  3. Coastal Wind Mapping from Satellite SAR: Possibilities and Limitations Charlotte Bay Hasager and Merete Bruun Christiansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 21 - Coastal Wind Mapping from Satellite SAR: Possibilities and Limitations Charlotte Bay Hasager and Merete Bruun Christiansen Risř National Laboratory, Wind Energy Department, Meteorology Program, VEA-118 Abstract Satellite remote sensing of ocean wind fields from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) observations

  4. Impact of tropical cyclones on the ocean heat budget in the Bay of Bengal during 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    ­November in 1999 on the Bay of Bengal (BoB) heat budget are examined using the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model estimates using previously published methods based on surface observations. The relatively weak heat pumping pumping (DOHP) by tropical cyclones (TCs), which mea- sures the amount of heat that is pumped down from

  5. Measuring Sin^22?_13 with the Daya Bay Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yifang Wang

    2006-10-09

    Angle \\theta_13 is one of the two unknown neutrino mixing parameters to be determined. Its value may determine the future trend of the neutrino physics. We propose to measure sin^22\\theta_13 with a sensitivity better than 0.01 (90% C.L) at the Daya Bay reactor power plant.

  6. The Circulation of Tampa Bay Driven by Buoyancy, Tides and Winds, as Simulated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    1 The Circulation of Tampa Bay Driven by Buoyancy, Tides and Winds, as Simulated using a Finite by rivers, tides and winds. Because of a mean wind velocity vector directed down the estuary axis we ran a parallel model experiment without winds to distinguish the estuarine circulation by gravitational

  7. Using A Bayes Classifier to Draw the First Down Line on a Football Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Eric M.

    Using A Bayes Classifier to Draw the First Down Line on a Football Field Jeremy Anderson, Dr a line on an image of a football field without marking on the players. This project was motivated by Sport Vision, developers of the first down indicator used for television broadcasts of football games

  8. Composition of Fish Communities in a European Macrotidal Salt Marsh (the Mont Saint-Michel Bay,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Composition of Fish Communities in a European Macrotidal Salt Marsh (the Mont Saint-Michel Bay At least 100 fish species are known to be present in the intertidal areas (estuaries, mudflats and salt, such as estuaries and lagoons, play a nursery role for many fish species. However, in Europe little attention has

  9. Heavy Metals contamination in two bioluminescent bays of Puerto Rico Yadira Soto Viruet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 Heavy Metals contamination in two bioluminescent bays of Puerto Rico Yadira Soto Viruet #802 characteristics. The main purpose of this research was to evaluate the presence of heavy metals of pesticides for agriculture, untreated wastewater and variety of industrial activities (power plants, oil

  10. Bayes and Big Data: The Consensus Monte Carlo Algorithm Steven L. Scott1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Bayes and Big Data: The Consensus Monte Carlo Algorithm Steven L. Scott1 , Alexander W. Blocker1 of Business October 31, 2013 Abstract A useful definition of "big data" is data that is too big to comfortably by splitting data across multiple machines. Communication between large numbers of machines is expensive

  11. Recipes from the Secret Book of Artephius San Francisco Bay Area, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, John

    Recipes from the Secret Book of Artephius Gold Team San Francisco Bay Area, California The Codex Leicester Introduction We seek the recipes contained in The Secret Book of Artephius, a text first. While in the possession of the Vatican, the recipes contained in the text were sold twice during

  12. A numerical study of circulation and mixing in a macrotidal estuary: Cobscook Bay, Maine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baca, Michael William

    1998-01-01

    A numerical, three-dimensional coastal ocean model was ics. used to study the circulation and subsequent mixing of Cobscook Bay by the lunar semi-diurnal tide. The results showed strong ebbing and flooding currents along a main channel connected...

  13. EIS-0296: South Oregon Coast Reinforcement Project, Coos Bay/North Bend, Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes BPA's proposed action to build a 500- kilovolt (kV) transmission line and new substation to reinforce electrical service to the southern coast of the state of Oregon. Nucor Steel, a division of Nucor Corporation, may build a new steel mill in the Coos Bay/North Bend, Oregon, area.

  14. EIS-0296: South Oregon Coast Reinforcement Project, Coos Bay/North Bend, Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bonneville Power Administration proposes to build a 500- kilovolt (kV) transmission line and new substation to reinforce electrical service to the southern coast of the state of Oregon. Nucor Steel, a division of Nucor Corporation, may build a new steel mill in the Coos Bay/North Bend, Oregon, area.

  15. Incorporating Optics into a Coupled Physical-Biological Forecasting System in the Monterey Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boss, Emmanuel S.

    Incorporating Optics into a Coupled Physical-Biological Forecasting System in the Monterey Bay Fei://www.marine.maine.edu/~eboss/index.html http://ourocean.jpl.nasa.gov/ LONG-TERM GOALS Modeling and predicting ocean optical properties for coastal waters requires linking optical properties with the physical, chemical, and biological processes

  16. Systems Performance Analyses of Alaska Wind-Diesel Projects; Toksook Bay, Alaska (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.

    2009-04-01

    This fact sheet summarizes a systems performance analysis of the wind-diesel project in Toksook Bay, Alaska. Data provided for this project include community load data, average wind turbine output, average diesel plant output, thermal load data, average net capacity factor, optimal net capacity factor based on Alaska Energy Authority wind data, average net wind penetration, estimated fuel savings, and wind system availability.

  17. On the fluctuations and vertical structure of the shelf circulation off Walvis Bay, Namibia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohrholz, Volker

    20nm off Walvis Bay, Namibia. Spatial and temporal variations of the wind field in the South East Atlantic were investigated by 3-day averaged wind fields measured by the QuikSCAT satellite. The local wind was provided by a time series of hourly wind vectors measured on a moored buoy off Swakopmund. The significant

  18. Chapter 24: Variational Bayes W. Penny, S. Kiebel and K. Friston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Chapter 24: Variational Bayes W. Penny, S. Kiebel and K. Friston May 9, 2006 Introduction Bayesian and Bishop 2005]. It is now also widely used in the analysis of neuroimag- ing data [Penny et al. 2003, Woolrich 2004, Sato et al. 2004, Sahani and Nagarajan 2004, Penny et al. 2005, Friston et al. 2006

  19. Sand and mud deposited by Hurricane Katrina on Deer Island, Biloxi Bay, Mississippi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winglee, Robert M.

    Sand and mud deposited by Hurricane Katrina on Deer Island, Biloxi Bay, Mississippi Annaliese A University of Washington Department of Earth and Space Sciences #12;Sand and mud deposited by Hurricane ................................................................................................................. 14 ABSTRACT Hurricane Katrina overwash berms on both sides of Deer Island, Mississippi, include sub

  20. TRAVERSE GRAVIMETER EXPERIMENT CRITICAL DESIGN REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    /RQA/GE MIT/DL NASA/MSC - CPD - Crew Procedures Engineer NASA/MSC/ASPO Arthur D. Little Inc. Arthur D. Little Vernon Shi.elds Max D. Holley Stan Bachman P. R. Maloney R. Parker J. Fitzgerald Paul J. Hickson Mamik. Toth P. V. Mason D. G. Hoag R. R. Ragan L. Schnee Dick Lopez Bob Maselek Dan Bland D. T. Lockard Daniel

  1. Thermal radiation from Lorentzian traversable wormholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prado Martin-Moruno; Pedro F. Gonzalez-Diaz

    2009-07-23

    In this paper we show that, analogously to as it occurs for black holes, there exist three well-defined laws for Lorentzian wormhole thermodynamics and that these laws are related with a thermal phantom-like radiation process coming from the wormhole throat. It is argued that the existence of wormholes could be manifested by means such a radiation. These results are obtained by analyzing the Hayward formalism of spherically symmetric solutions containing trapping horizons, the phenomenon of phantom accretion onto wormholes and the development of phantom thermodynamics.

  2. Traverse Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown ofTransportToolkit Prototype

  3. Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study and Resulting Plan for the Bay Mills Indian Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kushman, Chris

    2014-02-03

    In 2011 the Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan, Inc. was awarded an Energy Efficiency Development and Deployment in Indian Country grant from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Tribal Energy Program. This grant aimed to study select Bay Mills Indian Community community/government buildings to determine what is required to reduce each building’s energy consumption by 30%. The Bay Mills Indian Community (BMIC) buildings with the largest expected energy use were selected for this study and included the Bay Mills Ellen Marshall Health Center building, Bay Mills Indian Community Administration Building, Bay Mills Community College main campus, Bay Mills Charter School and the Waishkey Community Center buildings. These five sites are the largest energy consuming Community buildings and comprised the study area of this project titled “Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study and Resulting Plan for the Bay Mills Indian Community”. The end objective of this study, plan and the Tribe is to reduce the energy consumption at the Community’s most energy intensive buildings that will, in turn, reduce emissions at the source of energy production, reduce energy expenditures, create long lasting energy conscious practices and positively affect the quality of the natural environment. This project’s feasibility study and resulting plan is intended to act as a guide to the Community’s first step towards planned energy management within its buildings/facilities. It aims to reduce energy consumption by 30% or greater within the subject facilities with an emphasis on energy conservation and efficiency. The energy audits and related power consumption analyses conducted for this study revealed numerous significant energy conservation and efficiency opportunities for all of the subject sites/buildings. In addition, many of the energy conservation measures require no cost and serve to help balance other measures requiring capital investment. Reoccurring deficiencies relating to heating, cooling, thermostat setting inefficiencies, powering computers, lighting, items linked to weatherization and numerous other items were encountered that can be mitigated with the energy conservation measures developed and specified during the course of this project.

  4. Reducing methylmercury accumulation in the food webs of San Francisco Bay and its local watersheds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J.A., E-mail: jay@sfei.org [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Looker, R.E. [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States)] [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States); Yee, D. [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States)] [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Marvin-Di Pasquale, M. [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division/MS 480, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)] [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division/MS 480, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Grenier, J.L. [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States)] [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Austin, C.M. [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States)] [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States); McKee, L.J.; Greenfield, B.K. [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States)] [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Brodberg, R. [California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency, 1001 I Street, Sacramento, CA 95812 (United States)] [California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency, 1001 I Street, Sacramento, CA 95812 (United States); Blum, J.D. [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1100 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1100 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

    2012-11-15

    San Francisco Bay (California, USA) and its local watersheds present an interesting case study in estuarine mercury (Hg) contamination. This review focuses on the most promising avenues for attempting to reduce methylmercury (MeHg) contamination in Bay Area aquatic food webs and identifying the scientific information that is most urgently needed to support these efforts. Concern for human exposure to MeHg in the region has led to advisories for consumption of sport fish. Striped bass from the Bay have the highest average Hg concentration measured for this species in USA estuaries, and this degree of contamination has been constant for the past 40 years. Similarly, largemouth bass in some Bay Area reservoirs have some of the highest Hg concentrations observed in the entire US. Bay Area wildlife, particularly birds, face potential impacts to reproduction based on Hg concentrations in the tissues of several Bay species. Source control of Hg is one of the primary possible approaches for reducing MeHg accumulation in Bay Area aquatic food webs. Recent findings (particularly Hg isotope measurements) indicate that the decades-long residence time of particle-associated Hg in the Bay is sufficient to allow significant conversion of even the insoluble forms of Hg into MeHg. Past inputs have been thoroughly mixed throughout this shallow and dynamic estuary. The large pool of Hg already present in the ecosystem dominates the fraction converted to MeHg and accumulating in the food web. Consequently, decreasing external Hg inputs can be expected to reduce MeHg in the food web, but it will likely take many decades to centuries before those reductions are achieved. Extensive efforts to reduce loads from the largest Hg mining source (the historic New Almaden mining district) are underway. Hg is spread widely across the urban landscape, but there are a number of key sources, source areas, and pathways that provide opportunities to capture larger quantities of Hg and reduce loads from urban runoff. Atmospheric deposition is a lower priority for source control in the Bay Area due to a combination of a lack of major local sources. Internal net production of MeHg is the dominant source of MeHg that enters the food web. Controlling internal net production is the second primary management approach, and has the potential to reduce food web MeHg in some habitats more effectively and within a much shorter time-frame. Controlling net MeHg production and accumulation in the food web of upstream reservoirs and ponds is very promising due to the many features of these ecosystems that can be manipulated. The most feasible control options in tidal marshes relate to the design of flow patterns and subhabitats in restoration projects. Options for controlling MeHg production in open Bay habitat are limited due primarily to the highly dispersed distribution of Hg throughout the ecosystem. Other changes in these habitats may also have a large influence on food web MeHg, including temperature changes due to global warming, sea level rise, food web alterations due to introduced species and other causes, and changes in sediment supply. Other options for reducing or mitigating exposure and risk include controlling bioaccumulation, cleanup of contaminated sites, and reducing other factors (e.g., habitat availability) that limit at-risk wildlife populations.

  5. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    This paper summarizes the results of an NREL assessment of Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to appraise the potential of achieving net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense's U.S. Pacific Command partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency at Hawaii military installations. DOE selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay, to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. This paper summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. The analysis shows that MCBH Kaneohe Bay has the potential to make significant progress toward becoming a net zero installation. Wind, solar photovoltaics, solar hot water, and hydrogen production were assessed, as well as energy efficiency technologies. Deploying wind turbines is the most cost-effective energy production measure. If the identified energy projects and savings measures are implemented, the base will achieve a 96% site Btu reduction and a 99% source Btu reduction. Using excess wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen for a fleet and fuel cells could significantly reduce energy use and potentially bring MCBH Kaneohe Bay to net zero. Further analysis with an environmental impact and interconnection study will need to be completed. By achieving net zero status, the base will set an example for other military installations, provide environmental benefits, reduce costs, increase energy security, and exceed its energy goals and mandates.

  6. Robotic end gripper with a band member to engage object

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pollard, R.E.; Robinson, S.C.; Thompson, W.F.; Couture, S.A.; Sutton, B.J.

    1994-05-10

    An end effector for use with robotic arms and like devices is described that utilizes a flexible band to draw an object against an anvil having a concave surface. One typical convex surface is created by a V-block, with an apex of the V being centrally located. If an object to be grasped is fragile, the contour of the concave surface closely matches the surface of the object. Typically the movement of the band is effected by a linear actuator, with the anvil remaining fixed relative to a support base. Several embodiments are described that utilize variations in drawing the band toward the anvil, with one of these embodiments described in detail in the form of a fabricated unit. One embodiment includes a cover element that can be moved over an object after the grasping thereof, with this cover potentially serving various functions. Movement of the cover can be effected with a second linear actuator. 8 figures.

  7. Robotic end gripper with a band member to engage object

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pollard, Roy E. (Maryville, TN); Robinson, Samuel C. (Knoxville, TN); Thompson, William F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Couture, Scott A. (Knoxville, TN); Sutton, Bill J. (Powell, TN)

    1994-01-01

    An end effector for use with robotic arms and like devices that utilizes a flexible band to draw an object against an anvil having a concave surface. One typical convex surface is created by a V-block, with an apex of the V being centrally located. If an object to be grasped is fragile, the contour of the concave surface closely matches the surface of the object. Typically the movement of the band is effected by a linear actuator, with the anvil remaining fixed relative to a support base. Several embodiments are described that utilize variations in drawing the band toward the anvil, with one of these embodiments described in detail in the form of a fabricated unit. One embodiment includes a cover element that can be moved over an object after the grasping thereof, with this cover potentially serving various functions. Movement of the cover can be effected with a second linear actuator.

  8. Two-Dimensional Ferroelectric Photonic Crystals: Optics and Band Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simsek, Sevket; Ozbay, Ekmel

    2013-01-01

    In this report we present an investigation of the optical properties and band structure calculations for the photonic structures based on the functional materials- ferroelectrics. A theoretical approach to the optical properties of the 2D and 3D photonic crystals which yields further insight in the phenomenon of the reflection from different families of lattice planes in relation to the presence of photonic gaps or photonic bands. We calculate the photonic bands and optical properties of LiNbO3 based photonic crystals. Calculations of reflection and transmission spectra show the features correspond to the onset of diffraction, as well as to additional reflectance structures at large values of the angle of incidence.

  9. Blocked impurity band hybrid infrared focal plane arrays for astronomy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, D.B.; Seib, D.H.; Stetson, S.B.; Herter, T.; Rowlands, N.; Schoenwald, J.

    1989-02-01

    High-performance infrared hybrid focal plane arrays using 10 x 50 element Si:As Blocked-Impurity-Band (BIB) detectors (cut-off wavelength = 28 ..mu..m) and matching switched MOSFET multiplexers have been developed and characterized for space astronomy. Use of impurity band conduction technology provides detectors which are nuclear radiation hard and free of the many anomalies associated with conventional silicon photoconductive detectors. Emphasis in this paper is on recent advances in detector material quality which have led to significantly improved detector and hybrid characteristics. Results demonstrating increase quantum efficiency (particular at short wavelength infrared), obtained by varying the Blocked-Impurity-Band detector properties (infrared active layer thickness and arsenic doping profile), are summarized. Read noise and dark current for different temperatures have been measured and are also described. The hybrid array performance achieved clearly demonstrates that BIB detectors are well suited for use in astronomical instrumentation.

  10. Prediction of a low band gap oxide ferroelectric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Bo [National University of Singapore; Singh, David J [ORNL; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL; Feng, Yuan Ping [National University of Singapore

    2011-01-01

    A strategy for obtaining low band gap oxide ferroelectrics based on charge imbalance is described and illustrated by first-principles studies of the hypothetical compound Bi{sub 6}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 17}, which is an alternate stacking of the ferroelectric Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}. We find that this compound is ferroelectric, similar to Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} although with a reduced polarization. Importantly, calculations of the electronic structure with the recently developed functional of Tran and Blaha yield a much reduced band gap of 1.83 eV for this material compared to Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}. Therefore, Bi{sub 6}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 17} is predicted to be a low band gap ferroelectric material.

  11. Numerical method for shear bands in ductile metal with inclusions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plohr, Jee Yeon N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Bradley J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    A numerical method for mesoscale simulation of high strain-rate loading of ductile metal containing inclusions is described. Because of small-scale inhomogeneities, such a composite material is prone to localized shear deformation (adiabatic shear bands). The modeling framework is the Generalized Method of Cells of Paley and Aboudi [Mech. Materials, vol. 14, pp. /27-139, 1992], which ensures that the micromechanical response of the material is reflected in the behavior of the composite at the mesoscale. To calculate the effective plastic strain rate when shear bands are present, the analytic and numerical analysis of shear bands by Glimm, Plohr, and Sharp [Mech. Materials, vol. 24, pp. 31-41, 1996] is adapted and extended.

  12. Physical origin of shear-banding in jammed systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippe Coussot; Guillaume Ovarlez

    2010-07-30

    Jammed systems all have a yield stress. Among these materials some have been shown to shear-band but it is as yet unclear why some materials develop shear-band and some others do not. In order to rationalize existing data concerning the flow characteristics of jammed systems and in particular understand the physical origin of such a difference we propose a simple approach for describing the steady flow behaviour of yield stress fluids, which retains only basic physical ingredients. Within this frame we show that in the liquid regime the behaviour of jammed systems turns from that of a simple yield stress fluid (exhibiting homogeneous flows) to a shear-banding material when the ratio of a characteristic relaxation time of the system to a restructuring time becomes smaller than 1, thus suggesting a possible physical origin of these trends.

  13. Special purpose modes in photonic band gap fibers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spencer, James; Noble, Robert; Campbell, Sara

    2013-04-02

    Photonic band gap fibers are described having one or more defects suitable for the acceleration of electrons or other charged particles. Methods and devices are described for exciting special purpose modes in the defects including laser coupling schemes as well as various fiber designs and components for facilitating excitation of desired modes. Results are also presented showing effects on modes due to modes in other defects within the fiber and due to the proximity of defects to the fiber edge. Techniques and devices are described for controlling electrons within the defect(s). Various applications for electrons or other energetic charged particles produced by such photonic band gap fibers are also described.

  14. Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Tuong, Viet (Seaford, VA); Dylla, III, Henry Frederick (Yorktown, VA)

    1997-01-01

    An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost.

  15. Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Tuong, V.; Dylla, H.F. III

    1997-11-04

    An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost. 5 figs.

  16. Steering with Eyes Closed: mm-Wave Beam Steering without In-Band Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knightly, Edward W.

    Steering with Eyes Closed: mm-Wave Beam Steering without In-Band Measurement Thomas Nitsche that removes in-band overhead for directional mm-Wave link establishment. Our sys- tem architecture couples mm-Wave and legacy 2.4/5 GHz bands using out-of-band direction inference to establish (overhead-free) multi-Gbps mm

  17. An efficient atomistic quantum mechanical simulation on InAs band-to-band tunneling field-effect transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Zhi [State Key Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China); Jiang, Xiang-Wei; Li, Shu-Shen [State Key Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China); Synergetic Innovation Center of Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Wang, Lin-Wang, E-mail: lwwang@lbl.gov [Material Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    2014-03-24

    We have presented a fully atomistic quantum mechanical simulation method on band-to-band tunneling (BTBT) field-effect transistors (FETs). Our simulation approach is based on the linear combination of bulk band method with empirical pseudopotentials, which is an atomist method beyond the effective-mass approximation or k.p perturbation method, and can be used to simulate real-size devices (?10{sup 5} atoms) efficiently (?5 h on a few computational cores). Using this approach, we studied the InAs dual-gate BTBT FETs. The I-V characteristics from our approach agree very well with the tight-binding non-equilibrium Green's function results, yet our method costs much less computationally. In addition, we have studied ways to increase the tunneling current and analyzed the effects of different mechanisms for that purpose.

  18. Evidence for hybrid surface metallic band in (4?×?4) silicene on Ag(111)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsoutsou, D. Xenogiannopoulou, E.; Golias, E.; Tsipas, P.; Dimoulas, A.

    2013-12-02

    The electronic band structure of monolayer (4?×?4) silicene on Ag(111) is imaged by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. A dominant hybrid surface metallic band is observed to be located near the bulk Ag sp-band which is also faintly visible. The two-dimensional character of the hybrid band has been distinguished against the bulk character of the Ag(111) sp-band by means of photon energy dependence experiments. The surface band exhibits a steep linear dispersion around the K{sup Ż}{sub Ag} point and has a saddle point near the M{sup Ż}{sub Ag} point of Ag(111) resembling the ?-band dispersion in graphene.

  19. The readers point vessel: hull analysis of an eighteenth century merchant sloop excavated in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Gregory D.

    1997-01-01

    's Bay, Jamaica in 1994. Excavators removed overburden and the ballast pile, recovering over 600 artifacts associated with the vessel-After exposing well-preserved hull remains, divers recorded the ship's structure. The vessel is preserved from the base...

  20. Development of a decadal-scale estuarine geomorphic model for Suisun Bay, California: calibration, validation, and idealized time-stepping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganju, Neil K; Schoellhamer, David H; Younis, Bassam A

    2006-01-01

    summer cause wind-wave resuspension of bottom sediment inflow, tidal energy, wind-wave resuspension in San Pablo Bay.flow and wind-wave resuspension was superimposed on a

  1. The effect of anthropogenic development on sediment loading to bays on St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCreery, Helen F

    2007-01-01

    In order to assess the impact of anthropogenic development on sediment delivery rates to bays on St. John, U.S.V.I., I developed a sediment loading prediction model. Based on the modified universal soil loss equation, this ...

  2. Wind, sea ice, inertial oscillations and upper ocean mixing in Marguerite Bay, Western Antarctic Peninsula : observations and modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyatt, Jason

    2006-01-01

    Two years of moored oceanographic and automatic weather station data which span the winter ice seasons of 2001-2003 within Marguerite Bay on the western Antarctic Peninsula (wAP) shelf were collected as part of the Southern ...

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF A COASTAL MARGIN OBSERVATION AND ASSESSMENT SYSTEM (CMOAS) TO CAPTURE THE EPISODIC EVENTS IN A SHALLOW BAY 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Mohammad S.

    2010-07-14

    in real-time monitoring of hydrodynamic, meteorological and water quality parameters in the bay. Three different platform types used for the installation of sensor systems are: 1) Fixed Robotic, 2) Mobile, and 3) Remote. An automated profiler system...

  4. Turbulence Mixing and Transport Mechanisms in a Coastal Ecosystem: Bay of La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettijohn, Burkely Ashton

    2014-02-10

    ABSTRACT Turbulence Mixing and Transport Mechanisms in a Coastal Ecosystem: Bay of La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. (May 2014) Burkely Ashton Pettijohn Department of Marine Sciences Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Ayal Anis...

  5. Seasonal variation of diatoms and dinoflagellates in Monterey Bay, CA determined by Chemtax alanysis of HPLC pigment data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keating, Kelene

    2013-01-01

    and Benguela), Vol. 1. Garrison, D.L. (1976). ContributionFishery Bulletin 74,183-194. Garrison, D.L. (1979). MontereyResearch 1, 241–265. Garrison, D.L. (1981). Monterey Bay

  6. Nitrification in the euphotic zone as evidenced by nitrate dual isotopic composition: Observations from Monterey Bay, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennington, J. Timothy

    from Monterey Bay, California Scott D. Wankel,1,2,3 Carol Kendall,4 J. Timothy Pennington,5 Francisco P, and NO3 Ŕ assimilation in marine environments. Citation: Wankel, S. D., C. Kendall, J. T. Pennington, F

  7. COMPARISON OF THE FATE OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER IN TWO COASTAL SYSTEMS: HOG ISLAND BAY, VA (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    COMPARISON OF THE FATE OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER IN TWO COASTAL SYSTEMS: HOG ISLAND BAY, VA (USA) AND PLUM ISLAND SOUND, MA (USA) A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science............................... 55 DISCUSSION ................................................................... 57 Plum Island

  8. Band-engineered Ge-on-Si lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jifeng

    We report optically-pumped Ge-on-Si lasers with direct gap emission near 1600 nm at room temperature. The Ge-on-Si material was band-engineered by tensile strain and n-type doping to compensate the energy difference between ...

  9. Wide-band negative permeability of nonlinear metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wide-band negative permeability of nonlinear metamaterials Mikhail Lapine1 , Ilya Shadrivov2 & Yuri frequency range where metamaterial possesses negative effective permeability. This can be achieved by employing a nonlinear response of metamaterials. We demonstrate that, with an appropriate design

  10. Cooperative Infrared and Visible Band Tracking V. Deodeshmukh1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumantra Dutta

    of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 {vivek@cc, sc@ee, sumantra@ee}.iitb.ac.in Abstract Trackers based on cameras images. We further discuss how to map the motion window from IR image to visible band image and vice

  11. CIRCULARLY POLARIZED ANTENNA ON SOI FOR THE 60 GHZ BAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the primary criteria for evaluating the quality of the antenna; Improper feed, higher order band radiation integrated on SOI. In the first part, we describe the spiral antenna theory in order to have good radiation. The feeding structure is composed of a transition between radiofrequency coplanar waveguide feed, coplanar

  12. SCENT DISCRIMINATION BY INFANT NINE-BANDED ARMADILLOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loughry, Jim

    SCENT DISCRIMINATION BY INFANT NINE-BANDED ARMADILLOS W. J. LOUGHRY AND COLLEEN M. MCDONOUGH Biology Department, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA 31698-0015 We tested the scent-discrimination for discrimination of kin in this species and further suggest that the odors used in discrimination may

  13. Project Reports for Cabazon Band of Mission Indians- 2011 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Cabazon Band of Mission Indians' long-range goals are to become energy self-sufficient, foster economic diversity, grow jobs, and improve the well-being of members of the tribe as well as those in its region of Southern California.

  14. Banded Matrix Fraction Representation of Triangular Input Normal Pairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banded Matrix Fraction Representation of Triangular Input Normal Pairs Andrew P. Mullhaupt #3 if and only if A is triangular and AA #3; + BB #3; = I n , where I n is the identity matrix. Input normal and A is a matrix fraction, A = M 1 N , where M and N are triangular matrices of low bandwidth. For single input

  15. EBRP: Energy Band based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durresi, Arjan

    EBRP: Energy Band based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Sasanka Madiraju Cariappa in an intelligent manner. We study the concept of energy fairness in routing in Sensor Networks so as to increase to route data based on the residual energy of the nodes. This algorithm divides the network into different

  16. Intermediate Band Properties of Femtosecond-Laser Hyperdoped Silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Eric

    -dependent electronic transport measurements. The measurement data indicate that these samples form a localized IB solubility. Hy- perdoped silicon is promising for improving efficiencies of solar cells: the material exhibits broad-band light absorption to wavelengths deep below the corresponding bandgap energy of silicon

  17. A study of the Texas hard clam: distribution and growth of Mercenaria mercenaria texana in Texas bays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig, M. Alison

    1985-01-01

    A STUDY OF THE TEXAS HARD CLAM: DISTRIBUTION AND GROWTH OF MERCENARIA MERCENARIA TEXANA IN TEXAS BAYS A Thesis by MARGARET ALISON CRAIG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A6M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Oceanography A STUDY OF THE TEXAS HARD CLAN: DISTRIBUTION AND GROWTH OF NERCENARIA NERCENARIA TEXANA IN TEXAS BAYS? A Thesis by MARGARET ALISON CRAIG Approved as to style and content by...

  18. Fish condition as an indicator of water quality in upper Galveston Bay system, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matlock, Gary C

    1972-01-01

    Conversion Equaoion Hyd!oiogical Nlothods SVater Temperature D is so lvecl 0 xygen 4 3 Conductivity (Salinity) /I 6 Hy!1! ogen-Ion ConcentraUon (pH) Turoldity TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) ~Pa e LIFE HISTORy 47 Anchoa mitchilli R I' 2t...!ocembcr 1971 (sec '1'abl, 8, p ges 6Z nnd 63 for ex;&h&nation of hearlincs a!'d vn! bols) 65 RankI!&g of yca! s for: ach an. ". 1 (T:!bj&s Bay, Cedar B!'" u, und T;ini ~y Bay) r!n L!! . b!'!'s o( co!!dlt'on 7' LIST QF TABLE:S (continued) Table of anchovy...

  19. Recent applications of coiled tubing in remedial wellwork at Prudhoe Bay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loveland, K.R.; Bond, A.J.

    1996-12-31

    The vast number of wells and unique operating conditions in Alaska`s Prudhoe Bay field have presented many opportunities for those involved in remedial wellwork. Among the technologies that have either been pioneered, tested, or applied there, coiled tubing (CT) ranks as one of the most long lasting and widely used. This paper highlights the more recent applications of CT in the field. The paper begins with a brief overview of the Prudhoe Bay Unit`s (PBU) CT wellwork program and then follows with discussions on eight CT applications that have been developed or expanded in the last two years. Some are new technology and others are old techniques with a new design. Descriptions and procedures are given for each in addition to performance results thus far.

  20. Evaluation of CALPUFF nitrogen deposition modeling in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Area using NADP data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, M.; Mayes, P.; Sherwell, J.

    1998-12-31

    The CALMET/CALPUFF modeling system has been used to estimate nitrogen deposition in an area surrounding Baltimore and the northern portion of the Chesapeake Bay. Comprehensive NO{sub x} emissions inventories and meteorological data bases have been developed to conduct the modeling. This paper discusses the results of an evaluation of predicted nitrogen wet deposition rates compared to measured rates at two NADP/NTN sites in Maryland, Wye and White Rock. Underprediction of wet deposition rates is investigated through the use of sensitivity and diagnostic evaluations of model performance. A suggested change to the calculation of NO{sub x} transformation rates involving an alternative specification of minimum NO{sub x} concentrations was made to CALPUFF and the performance evaluation was re-done. Results of the new evaluation show significantly improved model performance, and therefore the modification is tentatively proposed for use in further applications of CALPUFF to the assessment of nitrogen deposition in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  1. Improved coiled-tubing squeeze-cementing techniques at Prudhoe Bay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hornbrook, P.R.; Mason, C.M. )

    1991-04-01

    This paper presents major changes in coiled-tubing squeeze-cementing techniques used in the Prudhoe Bay Unit Western Operating Area (PBUWOA). Changes include introduction of a polymer diluent to replace borax contamination, increased differential pressures placed on squeeze and coil, reduced cement volumes, and incorporation of an inflow test and resqueeze procedure. These changes resulted in increased squeeze effectiveness by reducing equipment and engineering time requirements and by shortening well shut-in time after the workover.

  2. Observations of Fallout from the Fukushima Reactor Accident in San Francisco Bay Area Rainwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric B. Norman; Christopher T. Angell; Perry A. Chodash

    2011-03-30

    We have observed fallout from the recent Fukushima Dai-ichi reactor accident in samples of rainwater collected in the San Francisco Bay area. Gamma ray spectra measured from these samples show clear evidence of fission products - 131,132I, 132Te, and 134,137Cs. The activity levels we have measured for these isotopes are very low and pose no health risk to the public.

  3. A geographic information system (GIS) based determination of estuarine and marine wetland and shoreline changes in the Galveston Bay estuary from 1995 to 2002 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Christina Claudette

    2008-10-10

    for each of the quads (ex. Cove_95). The projection and coordinate system for a layer image were set during layer creation. A habitat field was added to the attribute table of each quad layer to allow classification by habitat based on the Cowardin...………………………... ..................................................... 25 6 Changes in the Trinity Bay portion of Galveston Bay Estuary (Highlands, Cove, Anahuac, Laporte, Morgans Point, Umbrella Point, and Oak Island) of the Galveston Bay System from 1995-2002............. 28 7 Map of the changes...

  4. Taxonomy of Clifford Cl_{3,0} subgroups: Choir and band groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quirino M. Sugon Jr.; Daniel J. McNamara

    2008-09-02

    We list the subgroups of the basis set of Cl_{3,0} and classify them according to three criteria for construction of universal Clifford algebras: (1) each generator squares to +1 or -1, (2) the generators within the group anticommute, and (3) the order of the resulting group is 2^{n+1}, where n is the number of nontrivial generators. Obedient groups we call choirs; disobedient groups, bands. We classify choirs by modes and bands by rhythms, based on canonical equality. Each band generator has a transposition (number of other generators it commutes with). The band's transposition signature is the band's chord. The sum of transpositions divided by twice the number of generator pair combinations is the band's beat. The band's order deviation is the band's disorder. For n less than or equal 3, we show that the Cl_{3,0} basis set has 21 non-isomorphic subgroups consisting of 9 choirs and 12 bands.

  5. Target Mass Monitoring and Instrumentation in the Daya Bay Antineutrino Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry R. Band; Jeffrey J. Cherwinka; Lee S. Greenler; Karsten M. Heeger; Paul Hinrichs; Li Kang; Christine A. Lewis; Shanfeng Li; Shengxin Lin; Michael C. McFarlane; Wei Wang; David M. Webber; Yadong Wei; Thomas S. Wise; Qiang Xiao; Li Yang; Zhijian Zhang

    2013-03-05

    The Daya Bay experiment measures sin^2 2{\\theta}_13 using functionally identical antineutrino detectors located at distances of 300 to 2000 meters from the Daya Bay nuclear power complex. Each detector consists of three nested fluid volumes surrounded by photomultiplier tubes. These volumes are coupled to overflow tanks on top of the detector to allow for thermal expansion of the liquid. Antineutrinos are detected through the inverse beta decay reaction on the proton-rich scintillator target. A precise and continuous measurement of the detector's central target mass is achieved by monitoring the the fluid level in the overflow tanks with cameras and ultrasonic and capacitive sensors. In addition, the monitoring system records detector temperature and levelness at multiple positions. This monitoring information allows the precise determination of the detectors' effective number of target protons during data taking. We present the design, calibration, installation and in-situ tests of the Daya Bay real-time antineutrino detector monitoring sensors and readout electronics.

  6. Manilla Bay 1, 1A, 1A sidetrack; success against all odds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durkee, E.F.; Rillera, F.G. )

    1996-01-01

    The discovery of gas in Manila Bay is one of the more significant exploration discoveries in the Western Pacific in recent years. Within the Philippine Archipelago there is no better geographic or economic location to discover gas than at Manila Bay. Geologically, the well has proven that new concepts applied to old areas, in opposition to past beliefs and dogmas is still a valid way to find hydrocarbons. This is especially true re the western margin of the Central Valley of Luzon. New Venture reviewers (more than 100) were generally negative about the possibility of limestone objectives at this setting. The operators eventually drilled the prospect by themselves. The Manila Bay discovery well is on a large basement uplift with more than 2000 feet of vertical closure and 8,000 acres of areal closure at Miocene levels. The geological surprise was that the well drilled through a Pliocene Limestone (700 feet) charged with gas. An estimated in place resource of up to 2 TCF is possible. This is economically very significant for the Philippines as it is only 30 km from downtown Manila, a city of some 10 million people without any indigenous energy supply. Over-pressured fresh water sands induced drilling problems in the initial well MB-1AST and the deeper primary objectives in Middle to Lower Miocene, also predicted to be carbonates, were not reached. A second well to appraise the Pliocene and explore the deep zones will be drilled in early 1996.

  7. Manilla Bay 1, 1A, 1A sidetrack; success against all odds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durkee, E.F.; Rillera, F.G.

    1996-12-31

    The discovery of gas in Manila Bay is one of the more significant exploration discoveries in the Western Pacific in recent years. Within the Philippine Archipelago there is no better geographic or economic location to discover gas than at Manila Bay. Geologically, the well has proven that new concepts applied to old areas, in opposition to past beliefs and dogmas is still a valid way to find hydrocarbons. This is especially true re the western margin of the Central Valley of Luzon. New Venture reviewers (more than 100) were generally negative about the possibility of limestone objectives at this setting. The operators eventually drilled the prospect by themselves. The Manila Bay discovery well is on a large basement uplift with more than 2000 feet of vertical closure and 8,000 acres of areal closure at Miocene levels. The geological surprise was that the well drilled through a Pliocene Limestone (700 feet) charged with gas. An estimated in place resource of up to 2 TCF is possible. This is economically very significant for the Philippines as it is only 30 km from downtown Manila, a city of some 10 million people without any indigenous energy supply. Over-pressured fresh water sands induced drilling problems in the initial well MB-1AST and the deeper primary objectives in Middle to Lower Miocene, also predicted to be carbonates, were not reached. A second well to appraise the Pliocene and explore the deep zones will be drilled in early 1996.

  8. Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed-Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyons, J.; Moore, M.; Thompson, M.

    2013-08-01

    Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a 'base scope' retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a 'DER scope' which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

  9. Ecological Forecasting in Chesapeake Bay: Using a Mechanistic-Empirical Modelling Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, C. W.; Hood, Raleigh R.; Long, Wen; Jacobs, John M.; Ramers, D. L.; Wazniak, C.; Wiggert, J. D.; Wood, R.; Xu, J.

    2013-09-01

    The Chesapeake Bay Ecological Prediction System (CBEPS) automatically generates daily nowcasts and three-day forecasts of several environmental variables, such as sea-surface temperature and salinity, the concentrations of chlorophyll, nitrate, and dissolved oxygen, and the likelihood of encountering several noxious species, including harmful algal blooms and water-borne pathogens, for the purpose of monitoring the Bay's ecosystem. While the physical and biogeochemical variables are forecast mechanistically using the Regional Ocean Modeling System configured for the Chesapeake Bay, the species predictions are generated using a novel mechanistic empirical approach, whereby real-time output from the coupled physical biogeochemical model drives multivariate empirical habitat models of the target species. The predictions, in the form of digital images, are available via the World Wide Web to interested groups to guide recreational, management, and research activities. Though full validation of the integrated forecasts for all species is still a work in progress, we argue that the mechanistic–empirical approach can be used to generate a wide variety of short-term ecological forecasts, and that it can be applied in any marine system where sufficient data exist to develop empirical habitat models. This paper provides an overview of this system, its predictions, and the approach taken.

  10. Proposal for the award of a contract, without competitive tendering, for the design and construction of a new 400 kV transmission feeder bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Proposal for the award of a contract, without competitive tendering, for the design and construction of a new 400 kV transmission feeder bay

  11. Avian Communities in Tidal Salt Marshes of San Francisco Bay: A Review of Functional Groups by Foraging Guild and Habitat Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    2006). San Francisco Bay song spar- rows are adapted to highswallows (Hirundinidae), savannah spar- rows (Passerculussurvival in tidal-marsh song spar- rows was maximized when

  12. Visualizing microbial pollution in Santa Monica Bay with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and through field-testing a rapid, robust, field-portable water detection sensing system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    Abstract: Chronic water pollution plague southern Californiaand understanding of water pollution as well as assist inreflecting extent of water pollution in Santa Monica Bay

  13. Climate Change and Water Resources in California: The Cost of Conservation versus Supply Augmentation for the East Bay Municipal Utility District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mourad, Bessma

    2009-01-01

    Gammon, Rovert. 2009. Sierra Water Grab. East Bay Express,www.eastbayexpress.com/news/sierra_water_grab/Content? oid=UCB: 1070. Maddaus Water Management.   Conservation

  14. Chiral CP^2 skyrmions in three-band superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien Garaud; Johan Carlstrom; Egor Babaev; Martin Speight

    2013-01-14

    It is shown that under certain conditions, three-component superconductors (and in particular three-band systems) allow stable topological defects different from vortices. We demonstrate the existence of these excitations, characterized by a $CP^2$ topological invariant, in models for three-component superconductors with broken time reversal symmetry. We term these topological defects "chiral $GL^{(3)}$ skyrmions", where "chiral" refers to the fact that due to broken time reversal symmetry, these defects come in inequivalent left- and right-handed versions. In certain cases these objects are energetically cheaper than vortices and should be induced by an applied magnetic field. In other situations these skyrmions are metastable states, which can be produced by a quench. Observation of these defects can signal broken time reversal symmetry in three-band superconductors or in Josephson-coupled bilayers of $s_\\pm$ and s-wave superconductors.

  15. RF modulation studies on the S band pulse compressor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, G; Pei, S; Xiao, O

    2015-01-01

    An S band SLED-type pulse compressor has been manufactured by IHEP to challenge the 100 MW maximum input power, which means the output peak power is about 500 MW at the phase reversal time. In order to deal with the RF breakdown problem, the dual side-wall coupling irises model was used. To further improve the reliability at very high power, amplitude modulation and phase modulation with flat-top output were taken into account. The RF modulation studies on an S-band SLED are presented in this paper. Furthermore, a method is developed by using the CST Microwave Studio transient solver to simulate the time response of the pulse compressor, which can be a verification of the modulate theory. In addition, the experimental setup was constructed and the flat-top output is obtained in the low power tests.

  16. RF modulation studies on the S band pulse compressor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Shu; F. Zhao; S. Pei; O. Xiao

    2015-05-28

    An S band SLED-type pulse compressor has been manufactured by IHEP to challenge the 100 MW maximum input power, which means the output peak power is about 500 MW at the phase reversal time. In order to deal with the RF breakdown problem, the dual side-wall coupling irises model was used. To further improve the reliability at very high power, amplitude modulation and phase modulation with flat-top output were taken into account. The RF modulation studies on an S-band SLED are presented in this paper. Furthermore, a method is developed by using the CST Microwave Studio transient solver to simulate the time response of the pulse compressor, which can be a verification of the modulate theory. In addition, the experimental setup was constructed and the flat-top output is obtained in the low power tests.

  17. Dissipationless Directed Transport in Rocked Single-Band Quantum Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiangbin Gong; Dario Poletti; Peter Hanggi

    2007-02-28

    Using matter waves that are trapped in a deep optical lattice, dissipationless directed transport is demonstrated to occur if the single-band quantum dynamics is periodically tilted on one half of the lattice by a monochromatic field. Most importantly, the directed transport can exist for almost all system parameters, even after averaged over a broad range of single-band initial states. The directed transport is theoretically explained within ac-scattering theory. Total reflection phenomena associated with the matter waves travelling from a tilting-free region to a tilted region are emphasized. The results are of relevance to ultracold physics and solid-state physics, and may lead to powerful means of selective, coherent, and directed transport of cold particles in optical lattices.

  18. Band Tunneling through Double Barrier in Bilayer Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasan A. Alshehab; Hocine Bahlouli; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Ahmed Jellal

    2014-01-20

    By taking into account the full four band energy spectrum, we calculate the transmission probability and conductance of electrons across symmetric and asymmetric double potential barrier with a confined interlayer potential difference in bilayer graphene. For energies less than the interlayer coupling \\gamma_{1}, E \\gamma_{1}, we obtain four possible ways for transmission resulting from the two propagating modes. We compute the associated transmission probabilities as well as their contribution to the conductance, study the effect of the double barrier geometry.

  19. Wide band focusing x-ray spectrograph with spatial resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pikuz, S. A.; Douglass, J. D.; Shelkovenko, T. A.; Sinars, D. B.; Hammer, D. A.

    2008-01-15

    A new, wide spectral bandwidth x-ray spectrograph, the wide-bandwidth focusing spectrograph with spatial resolution (WB-FSSR), based on spherically bent mica crystals, is described. The wide bandwidth is achieved by combining three crystals to form a large aperture dispersive element. Since the WB-FSSR covers a wide spectral band, it is very convenient for application as a routine diagnostic tool in experiments in which the desired spectral coverage is different from one test to the next. The WB-FSSR has been tested in imploding wire-array experiments on a 1 MA pulsed power machine, and x-ray spectra were recorded in the 1-20 A spectral band using different orders of mica crystal reflection. Using a two mirror-symmetrically placed WB-FSSR configuration, it was also possible to distinguish between a real spectral shift and a shift of recorded spectral lines caused by the spatial distribution of the radiating plasma. A spectral resolution of about 2000 was demonstrated and a spatial resolution of {approx}100 {mu}m was achieved in the spectral band of 5-10 A in second order of mica reflection. A simple method of numerical analysis of spectrograph capability is proposed.

  20. X-band photoinjector for a chirped-pulse FEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landahl, E. C.; Alvis, R. M.; Troha, A. L.; Hartemann, F. V.; Baldis, H. A. [Applied Science Department, University of California, Davis California 95616 (United States); Institute for Laser Science and Applications, LLNL, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Le Sage, G. P.; White, W. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Bennett, C. V. [Electrical Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024 (United States); Li, K.; Heritage, J. P. [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California, Davis, California (United States); Ho, C. H. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan (China); Luhmann, N. C. Jr. [Applied Science Department, University of California, Davis California 95616 (United States)

    1999-05-07

    The phase noise and jitter characteristics of the laser and rf systems of a high gradient X-band photoinjector have been measured experimentally. The laser oscillator is a self-modelocked Titanium:Sapphire system operating at the 108th subharmonic of the rf gun. The X-band signal is produced from the laser by a phase-locked dielectric resonance oscillator, and amplified by a pulsed TWT and klystron. A comparison between the klystron and TWT amplifier phase noise and the fields excited in the rf gun demonstrates the filtering effect of the high Q structure, thus indicating that the rf gun can be used as a master oscillator, and could be energized by either a rf oscillator such as a magnetron or a compact source such as a cross-field amplifier. In particular, the rf gun can play the role of a pulsed rf clock to synchronize the photocathode laser system: direct drive of a synchronously modelocked AlGaAs quantum well laser has been achieved using the X-band gun rf fields. This novel, GHz repetition rate, laser system is being developed to replace the more conventional femtosecond Ti:Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} system. Some advantages include pumping this laser with a stabilized current source instead of a costly, low efficiency pump laser. Finally, dark current measurements and initial photoelectron measurements are reported.

  1. X-band photoinjector for a chirped-pulse FEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landahl, E.C.; Alvis, R.M.; Troha, A.L.; Hartemann, F.V.; Baldis, H.A.; Luhmann, N.C. Jr. [Applied Science Department, University of California, Davis , California 95616 (United States); Landahl, E.C.; Alvis, R.M.; Troha, A.L.; Hartemann, F.V.; Baldis, H.A. [Institute for Laser Science and Applications, LLNL, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Le Sage, G.P.; White, W.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Bennett, C.V. [Electrical Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024 (United States); Li, K.; Heritage, J.P. [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California, Davis, California (United States); Ho, C.H. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (Taiwan)

    1999-05-01

    The phase noise and jitter characteristics of the laser and rf systems of a high gradient X-band photoinjector have been measured experimentally. The laser oscillator is a self-modelocked Titanium:Sapphire system operating at the 108th subharmonic of the rf gun. The X-band signal is produced from the laser by a phase-locked dielectric resonance oscillator, and amplified by a pulsed TWT and klystron. A comparison between the klystron and TWT amplifier phase noise and the fields excited in the rf gun demonstrates the filtering effect of the high Q structure, thus indicating that the rf gun can be used as a master oscillator, and could be energized by either a rf oscillator such as a magnetron or a compact source such as a cross-field amplifier. In particular, the rf gun can play the role of a pulsed rf clock to synchronize the photocathode laser system: direct drive of a synchronously modelocked AlGaAs quantum well laser has been achieved using the X-band gun rf fields. This novel, GHz repetition rate, laser system is being developed to replace the more conventional femtosecond Ti:Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} system. Some advantages include pumping this laser with a stabilized current source instead of a costly, low efficiency pump laser. Finally, dark current measurements and initial photoelectron measurements are reported. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. Multi-band optical variability studies of BL Lacertae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Aditi

    2015-01-01

    We monitored BL Lacertae for 13 nights in optical B, V, R, and I bands during October and November 2014 including quasi-simultaneous observations in V and R bands using two optical telescopes in India. We have studied multi-band optical flux variations, colour variation and spectral changes in this blazar. Source was found to be active during the whole monitoring period and showed significant intraday variability on 3 nights in V and R filters while displayed hints of variability on 6 other dates in R passband and on 2 nights in V filter. From the colour-magnitude analysis of the source we found that the spectra of the target gets flatter as it becomes brighter on intra-night timescale. Using discrete correlation technique, we found that intraday light curves in both V and R filters are almost consistent and well correlated with each other. We also generated spectral energy distribution (SED) of the target using the B, V, R, and I data sets for all 13 nights which could help us investigate the physical proces...

  3. Linearly scaling direct method for accurately inverting sparse banded matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Echenique, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    In many problems in Computational Physics and Chemistry, one finds a special kind of sparse matrices, termed "banded matrices". These matrices, which are defined as having non-zero entries only within a given distance from the main diagonal, need often to be inverted in order to solve the associated linear system of equations. In this work, we introduce a new O(n) algorithm for solving such a system, being n X n the size of the matrix. We produce the analytical recursive expressions that allow to directly obtain the solution, as well as the pseudocode for its computer implementation. Moreover, we review the different options for possibly parallelizing the method, we describe the extension to deal with matrices that are banded plus a small number of non-zero entries outside the band, and we use the same ideas to produce a method for obtaining the full inverse matrix. Finally, we show that the New Algorithm is competitive, both in accuracy and in numerical efficiency, when compared to a standard method based in...

  4. Continuous-band Nitinol heat engine. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, A.D.

    1980-09-01

    The goals of the research can be summarized thus: to demonstrate feasibility of increasing power output from the continuous-band Nitinol engine by installing multiple wire loops in parallel; to operate this engine in steady-state conditions so that power output could be measured; and to develop a technique for making wires which do not suffer the failure mode of previous welded wires. A fully-instrumented training engine was developed for preconditioning the wires to be used in the multiple-band engine. A specialized wire-rolling mill was built with which a few continuous loops were fabricated starting with annular rings cut from Nitinol plate. Apparatus for measuring the stress-strain-temperature characteristics of naive and trained Nitinol wire was modified to accommodate continuous loops. Torque versus speed curves were measured on the single-wire engine. Internal forces and torques were recorded as naive wires were trained. In conjunction with state-surface measurements (stress, strain, temperature cycles), these measurements reveal how the wires adapt to certain conditions so that power output may increase or decrease as the condition of the Nitinol wire changes due to cycling, and thus change their match to the engine design. Fatigue experiments were run on several wires. Performance of a multiple-band Nitinol engine is documented. A method of fabricating Nitinol wires (which are truly continuous throughout) was demonstrated, and several wires made. (WHK)

  5. A Multiple-Channel Sub-Band Transient Detection System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David A. Smith

    1998-11-01

    We have developed a unique multiple-channel sub-band transient detection system to record transient electromagnetic signals in carrier-dominated radio environments; the system has been used to make unique observations of weak, transient HF signals. The detection system has made these observations possible through improved sensitivity compared to conventional broadband transient detection systems; the sensitivity improvement is estimated to be at least 20 dB. The increase in sensitivity has been achieved through subdivision of the band of interest (an 18 MHz tunable bandwidth) into eight sub-band independent detection channels, each with a 400 kHz bandwidth and its own criteria. The system generates a system trigger signal when a predetermined number of channels (typically five) trigger within a predetermined window of time (typically 100 ~s). Events are recorded with a broadband data acquisition system sampling at 50 or 100 Msample/s, so despite the fact that the detection system operates on portions of the signal confined to narrow bands, data acquisition is broadband. Between May and September of 1994, the system was used to detect and record over six thousand transient events in the frequency band from 3 to 30 MHz. Approximately 500 of the events have been characterized as paired bursts of radio noise with individual durations of 2 to 10 ps and separations between the bursts of 5 to 160 ps. The paired transients are typically 5 to 40 dB brighter than the background electromagnetic spectrum between carrier signals. We have termed these events SubIonospheric Pulse Pairs (SIPPS) and presently have no explanation as to their source. Our observations of SIPPS resemble observations of TransIonospheric Pulse Pairs (TIPPs) recorded by the Blackboard instrument on the ALEXIS satellite; the source of TIPP events is also unknown. Most of the recorded SIPP events do not exhibit frequency dispersion, implying propagation along a line-of-sight (groundwave) path; but seven of the pairs exhibit dispersion characteristic of skywave propagation via refraction from the ionosphere. The maximum line-of-sight observation range for radio propagation extends as far as 300 km for a source at an altitude of 5 km, and 520 km for a source at 15 km. Refraction from the ionosphere, however, may allow HF radiation to propagate around the globe. Information about the times and locations of sources, in conjunction with regional, weather maps and computer models of ionospheric propagation, suggest that some SIPP events originate in the vicinity of large-scale thunderstorm complexes.

  6. Electrically detected magnetic resonance in a W-band microwave cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, V.

    2012-01-01

    resonance in a W-band microwave cavity V. Lang, 1, ? C. C.resonant W-band (94 GHz) microwave cavity. The advantages ofmagnetic ?elds and high microwave frequencies is therefore a

  7. Rock Bands/Rock Brands: Mediation and Musical Performance in Post-liberalization Bangalore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coventry, Chloe Louise

    2013-01-01

    Youth and Gender in Kerala, India. ” Journal of Socialin seventeenth- century Kerala and Beatles cover bands inMalayali folk band from Kerala, it’s all good – I’m looking

  8. Ultrafast optical switching of three-dimensional Si inverse opal photonic band gap crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vos, Willem L.

    Ultrafast optical switching of three-dimensional Si inverse opal photonic band gap crystals Tijmen on three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals. Switching the Si inverse opal is achieved by optically

  9. Factors controlling permeability of cataclastic deformation bands and faults in porous sandstone reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    Factors controlling permeability of cataclastic deformation bands and faults in porous sandstone March 2015 Available online 18 April 2015 Keywords: Cataclastic band Permeability Porous sandstone Fluid and their petrophysical properties is essential for realistic characterization of deformed sandstone reservoirs

  10. Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

    1994-01-01

    A single-junction solar cell having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of "pinning" the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14.+-.0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap.

  11. Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botti, Silvana

    Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Kohn-Sham scheme, band structure and optical spectra Silvana Botti European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF, Belfast Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical

  12. Anim. Behav., 1997, 54, 13831392 Ultraviolet vision and band-colour preferences in female zebra finches,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaddle, John

    making (Cuthill & Bennett 1993; Bennett et al. 1994). Zebra finches are monogamous, sexually dimorphic leg bands to orange-banded and unbanded birds and rejected light green-banded males. In other studies appearance of the bird, rather than the change in appearance of the rings themselves. This work highlights

  13. The PortevinLe Chatelier (PLC) effect and shear band formation in an AA5754 alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niewczas, Marek

    The Portevin­Le Chatelier (PLC) effect and shear band formation in an AA5754 alloy Herdawandi Halim in order to observe Portevin­Le Chatelier (PLC) band behaviour during tensile deformation of AA5754 sheet and subsequently to measure the level of incre- mental plastic strain carried within the bands. In addition, PLC

  14. Semiconductor band switching by charging a small grain with a single electron J. W. G. Wildoer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . In this paper we present STM measurements showing abrupt changes in the band bending, caused by charging a small quantization on the grain, which acts as a single-electron gate electrode. The band bending at the surface- croscope STM gives the opportunity to study spatially re- solved effects in the band bending, associated

  15. 2015 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University ENTO-133NP Banded Ash Borer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    2015 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University ENTO-133NP Banded Ash Borer Coleoptera Description Adult banded ash borers have somewhat cylindrical, elongated bodies ranging from 8­18 mm (0 unless infested wood is being split. Banded ash borer belongs to the cerambycid family of beetles. Adult

  16. Shear band in sand with spatially varying density Ronaldo I. Borja a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borja, Ronaldo I.

    Shear band in sand with spatially varying density Ronaldo I. Borja a,n , Xiaoyu Song a , Amy L Keywords: Bifurcation Digital Image Correlation Heterogeneous sand Shear band Strain localization a b s t r for the selection of the persistent shear band in a symmetrically loaded localizing sand body. We combine

  17. Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pelinovsky, Dmitry

    Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky We in this context. These bifurcations generate loops in the energy bands of the Bloch waves near the ends is the possibility of loops in the energy bands associated with the nonlinear Bloch waves. This possibility was first

  18. Acoustic emission and velocities associated with the formation of compaction bands in sandstone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortin, Jérôme

    Acoustic emission and velocities associated with the formation of compaction bands in sandstone Je the development of compaction bands in Bleurswiller sandstone, which has a porosity of 25%. Results were obtained of compaction bands in sandstone, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B10203, doi:10.1029/2005JB003854. 1. Introduction [2

  19. The energy band gap of a semiconductor material critically influences the operating wavelength in an optoelectronic device. Realization of any desired band gap, or even spatially graded band gaps, is important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :00 PM; ERC 490 School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy #12;The energy band gap of a semiconductor material critically influences the operating wavelength for applications such as lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells, and detectors. New band gaps can

  20. A Generalized {ital K} Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing {ital R}-band Photometry Beyond {ital z=9.2} with B,V, and {ital R}-band Nearby Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodbar, Ariel

    2008-01-01

    Supernovae: Comparing R-band Photometry Beyond z = 0.2 withB, V, and R-band Nearby Photometry Alex Kim, Ariel Goobar,Supernovae: Comparing R-band Photometry Beyond z =0.2 with

  1. Deep z-band observations of the coolest Y dwarf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kopytova, Taisiya G.; Crossfield, Ian J. M.; Deacon, Niall R.; Brandner, Wolfgang; Buenzli, Esther; Bayo, Amelia; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Manjavacas, Elena; Kopon, Derek; Biller, Beth A.

    2014-12-10

    WISE J085510.83-071442.5 (hereafter, WISE 0855-07) is the coolest Y dwarf known to date and is located at a distance of 2.31 ± 0.08 pc, giving it the fourth largest parallax of any known star or brown dwarf system. We report deep z-band observations of WISE 0855-07 using FORS2 on UT1/Very Large Telescope. We do not detect any counterpart to WISE 0855-07 in our z-band images and estimate a brightness upper limit of AB mag > 24.8 (F {sub ?} < 0.45 ?Jy) at 910 ± 65 nm with 3? confidence. We combine our z-band upper limit with previous near- and mid-infrared photometry to place constraints on the atmospheric properties of WISE 0855-07 via comparison to models which implement water clouds in the atmospheres of T {sub eff} < 300 K substellar objects. We find that none of the available models that implement water clouds can completely reproduce the observed spectral energy distribution of WISE 0855-07. Every model significantly disagrees with the (3.6 ?m/4.5 ?m) flux ratio and at least one other bandpass. Since methane is predicted to be the dominant absorber at 3-4 ?m, these mismatches might point to an incorrect or incomplete treatment of methane in current models. We conclude that (a) WISE0855-07 has T {sub eff} ? 200-250 K, (b) <80% of its surface is covered by clouds, and (c) deeper observations, and improved models of substellar evolution, atmospheres, clouds, and opacities will be necessary to better characterize this object.

  2. Using Narrow Band Photometry to Classify Stars and Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Mainzer; Ian S. McLean; J. L. Sievers; E. T. Young

    2003-12-05

    We present a new system of narrow band filters in the near infrared that can be used to classify stars and brown dwarfs. This set of four filters, spanning the H band, can be used to identify molecular features unique to brown dwarfs, such as H2O and CH4. The four filters are centered at 1.495 um (H2O), 1.595 um (continuum), 1.66 um (CH4), and 1.75 um (H2O). Using two H2O filters allows us to solve for individual objects' reddenings. This can be accomplished by constructing a color-color-color cube and rotating it until the reddening vector disappears. We created a model of predicted color-color-color values for different spectral types by integrating filter bandpass data with spectra of known stars and brown dwarfs. We validated this model by making photometric measurements of seven known L and T dwarfs, ranging from L1 - T7.5. The photometric measurements agree with the model to within +/-0.1 mag, allowing us to create spectral indices for different spectral types. We can classify A through early M stars to within +/-2 spectral types, late-type M and L dwarfs to within +/-0.3 spectral types and T dwarfs to within +/-0.1 spectral types 1-sigma. Thus, we can distinguish between a T1 and a T3 dwarf. The four physical bands can be converted into two reddening-free indices, mu1 and mu2, and an extinction, AV, for the individual object. This technique, which is equivalent to extremely low resolution spectroscopy, can be used to survey large areas to provide rough spectral classifications for all the stars in the area, ranging down to the coolest brown dwarfs. It should prove particularly useful in young clusters where reddening can be high.

  3. X-band photoinjector for a chirped-pulse FEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luhmann, Jr., N. C.; Alvis, R. M.; Baldis, H. A.; Hartemann, F. V; Heritage, J. P.; Ho, C. H.; Landahl, E. C.; Li, K.; Troha,A. L.; White, W. E.

    1998-12-15

    The phase noise and jitter characteristics of the laser and rf systems of a high gradient X-band photoinjector have been measured experimentally. When > 100 coherently phased 5 MeV electron bunches are produced in bursts, the photoinjector should be an ideal electron source for a pulsed, pre-bunched free-electron laser (FEL) operating at 100 GHz. The laser oscillator is a self-modelocked Titanium:Sapphire system operating at the 108th subharmonic of the rf gun. The X-band signal is produced from the laser by a phase-locked dielectric resonance oscillator, and amplified by a pulsed TWT and klystron. A comparison between the klystron and TWT amplifier phase noise and the fields excited in the rf gun demonstrates the filtering effect of the high Q structure, thus indicating that the rf gun can be used as a master oscillator, and could be energized by either a rf oscillator such as a magnetron or a compact source such as a cross-field amplifier. In particular, the rf gun can play the role of a pulsed rf clock to synchronize the photocathode laser system: direct drive of a synchronously mode-locked AlGaAs quantum well laser has been achieved using the X0-band gun rf fields. This novel, GHz repetition rate, sub-picosecond laser system is being developed to replace the more conventional femtosecond Ti: Al2O3 system. Some advantages include pumping this laser with a stabilized current source instead of a costly, low efficiency pump laser. Finally, dark current measurements and initial photoelectron measurements are reported.

  4. History and Evolution of Control Banding: A Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zalk, D; Nelson, D

    2006-07-19

    Control Banding (CB) strategies offer simplified solutions for controlling worker exposures to constituents often encountered in the workplace. The original CB model was developed within the pharmaceutical industry; however, the modern movement involves models developed for non-experts to input hazard and exposure potential information for bulk chemical processes, receiving control advice as a result. The CB approach utilizes these models for the dissemination of qualitative and semi-quantitative risk assessment tools being developed to complement the traditional industrial hygiene model of air sampling and analysis. It is being applied and tested in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) within developed countries and industrially developing countries; however, large enterprises (LEs) have also incorporated these strategies within chemical safety programs. Existing research of the components of the most available CB model, the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Essentials, has shown that exposure bands do not always provide adequate margins of safety, that there is a high rate of under-control errors, that it works better with dusts than with vapors, that there is an inherent inaccuracy in estimating variability, and that when taken together the outcomes of this model may lead to potentially inappropriate workplace confidence in chemical exposure reduction in some operations. Alternatively, large-scale comparisons of industry exposure data to this CB model's outcomes have indicated more promising results with a high correlation seen internationally. With the accuracy of the toxicological ratings and hazard band classification currently in question, their proper reevaluation will be of great benefit to the reliability of existing and future CB models. The need for a more complete analysis of CB model components and, most importantly, a more comprehensive prospective research process remains and will be important in understanding implications of the model's overall effectiveness. Since the CB approach is now being used worldwide with an even broader implementation in progress, further research toward understanding its strengths and weaknesses will assist in its further refinement and confidence in its ongoing utility.

  5. Development of a neural network model to nowcast/forecast the coastal water level anomalies on the entrance to Galveston Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Young Joo

    2002-01-01

    observations for a total of 375 days during the winter season from 1998 to 2000 were used to quantify the relative importance of the remote and local forcing in Galveston Bay and Corpus Christi Bay, Texas. For both locations, the analysis showed that the water...

  6. Bio-Optical Variability in Mayaguez Bay during the Rainy Season Joel A. Quiones Rivera, ja23_degrees@hotmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Bio-Optical Variability in Mayaguez Bay during the Rainy Season Joel A. Quińones Rivera, ja23 by suspending particles in the water that affects light penetration. This is critical for the bio-optical from different stations collected with an bio-optical rosette along the Mayagüez Bay and considering

  7. VIMOS total transmission profiles for broad-band filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Mieske; M. Rejkuba; S. Bagnulo; C. Izzo; G. Marconi

    2007-04-13

    VIMOS is a wide-field imager and spectrograph mounted on UT3 at the VLT, whose FOV consists of four 7'x8' quadrants. Here we present the measurements of total transmission profiles -- i.e. the throughput of telescope + instrument -- for the broad band filters U, B, V, R, I, and z for each of its four quadrants. Those measurements can also be downloaded from the public VIMOS web-page. The transmission profiles are compared with previous estimates from the VIMOS consortium.

  8. Narrow-band optical transmission of metallic nanoslit arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun Zhijun; Yang Ying; Zuo Xiaoliu

    2012-10-22

    Metallic nanoslit arrays usually demonstrate wide transmission bands for transverse-magnetic-polarized incidence light. Here, we show that by introducing multi-dielectric layers underneath the metallic structure layer on the substrate, a narrow peak is formed, whose bandwidth can be down to a few nanometers. Three types of resonance modes in the region under the metal layer are identified responsible for the formation of the peak, i.e., a two-dimensional cavity resonance mode, which supports optical transmission, and two in-plane hybrid surface plasmon resonance modes locating on both sides of the peak that suppresses the transmission. Such structures can be applied in advanced photonic devices.

  9. Ka-Band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Instrument Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N; Johnson, K

    2012-03-06

    The Ka-band ARM zenith radar (KAZR) is a zenith-pointing Doppler cloud radar operating at approximately 35 GHz. The KAZR is an evolutionary follow-on radar to ARM's widely successful millimeter-wavelength cloud radar (MMCR). The main purpose of the KAZR is to provide vertical profiles of clouds by measuring the first three Doppler moments: reflectivity, radial Doppler velocity, and spectra width. At the sites where the dual-polarization measurements are made, the Doppler moments for the cross-polarization channel are also available. In addition to the moments, velocity spectra are also continuously recorded for each range gate.

  10. Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campisi, Isidoro E. (Newport News, VA)

    1992-01-01

    An absorber wave guide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the wave guide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the wave guide.

  11. Megawatt-klystron amplifiers in L-band

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaffer, G.

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of this note is to serve as a short guide for the SSC-Linac Injector Workshop. It contains a general overview of historical development and of modern design of L-band klystron amplifiers in the range of about 1 to 30 Megawatt output (CW or pulse). Absolute power limits, efficiency, modulation characteristics, protection devices and typical application examples are briefly considered. It should be mentioned that this overview is not restricted to specific needs of the SSC-Injector Linac. 14 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Multivariate side-band subtraction using probabilistic event weights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Williams; M. Bellis; C. A. Meyer

    2009-09-29

    A common situation in experimental physics is to have a signal which can not be separated from a non-interfering background through the use of any cut. In this paper, we describe a procedure for determining, on an event-by-event basis, a quality factor ($Q$-factor) that a given event originated from the signal distribution. This procedure generalizes the "side-band" subtraction method to higher dimensions without requiring the data to be divided into bins. The $Q$-factors can then be used as event weights in subsequent analysis procedures, allowing one to more directly access the true spectrum of the signal.

  13. Yield stress and shear-banding in granular suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdoulaye Fall; Francois Bertrand; Guillaume Ovarlez; Daniel Bonn

    2009-07-13

    We study the emergence of a yield stress in dense suspensions of non-Brownian particles, by combining local velocity and concentration measurements using Magnetic Resonance Imaging with macroscopic rheometric experiments. We show that the competition between gravity and viscous stresses is at the origin of the development of a yield stress in these systems at relatively low volume fractions. Moreover, it is accompanied by a shear banding phenomenon that is the signature of this competition. However, if the system is carefully density matched, no yield stress is encountered until a volume fraction of 62.7 0.3%.

  14. Center for Inverse Design: Modality 1 - Inverse Band Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReportsDeterminatIonFornl71: Inverse Band Structure Modality 1

  15. Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect PhotovoltaicsStructureInnovation PortalSubstrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening

  16. Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect PhotovoltaicsStructureInnovation PortalSubstrate-Induced Band-Gap

  17. User's guide for SAMMY: a computer model for multilevel r-matrix fits to neutron data using Bayes' equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larson, N. M.; Perey, F. G.

    1980-11-01

    A method is described for determining the parameters of a model from experimental data based upon the utilization of Bayes' theorem. This method has several advantages over the least-squares method as it is commonly used; one important advantage is that the assumptions under which the parameter values have been determined are more clearly evident than in many results based upon least squares. Bayes' method has been used to develop a computer code which can be utilized to analyze neutron cross-section data by means of the R-matrix theory. The required formulae from the R-matrix theory are presented, and the computer implementation of both Bayes' equations and R-matrix theory is described. Details about the computer code and compelte input/output information are given.

  18. Final Project Report, Bristol Bay Native Corporation Wind and Hydroelectric Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaught, Douglas J.

    2007-03-31

    The Bristol Bay Native Corporation (BBNC) grant project focused on conducting nine wind resource studies in eight communities in the Bristol Bay region of southwest Alaska and was administered as a collaborative effort between BBNC, the Alaska Energy Authority, Alaska Village Electric Cooperative, Nushagak Electric Cooperative (NEC), Naknek Electric Association (NEA), and several individual village utilities in the region. BBNC’s technical contact and the project manager for this study was Douglas Vaught, P.E., of V3 Energy, LLC, in Eagle River, Alaska. The Bristol Bay region of Alaska is comprised of 29 communities ranging in size from the hub community of Dillingham with a population of approximately 3,000 people, to a few Native Alaska villages that have a few tens of residents. Communities chosen for inclusion in this project were Dillingham, Naknek, Togiak, New Stuyahok, Kokhanok, Perryville, Clark’s Point, and Koliganek. Selection criteria for conduction of wind resource assessments in these communities included population and commercial activity, utility interest, predicted Class 3 or better wind resource, absence of other sources of renewable energy, and geographical coverage of the region. Beginning with the first meteorological tower installation in October 2003, wind resource studies were completed at all sites with at least one year, and as much as two and a half years, of data. In general, the study results are very promising for wind power development in the region with Class 6 winds measured in Kokhanok; Class 4 winds in New Stuyahok, Clark’s Point, and Koliganek; Class 3 winds in Dillingham, Naknek, and Togiak; and Class 2 winds in Perryville. Measured annual average wind speeds and wind power densities at the 30 meter level varied from a high of 7.87 meters per second and 702 watts per square meter in Kokhanok (Class 6 winds), to a low of 4.60 meters per second and 185 watts per square meter in Perryville (Class 2 winds).

  19. A side-by-side comparison of Daya Bay antineutrino detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daya Bay Collaboration; F. P. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; R. L. Brown; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; R. Carr; J. F. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. S. Chen; S. J. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. C. Chen; X. H. Chen; X. S. Chen; Y. Chen; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; S. D. Fang; J. Y. Fu; Z. W. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. L. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; Y. A. Gornushkin; L. S. Greenler; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; R. L. Hahn; S. Hans; H. F. Hao; M. He; Q. He; W. S. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; T. H. Ho; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; T. Hu; T. Hu; H. X. Huang; H. Z. Huang; P. W. Huang; X. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; D. E. Jaffe; S. Jetter; X. L. Ji; X. P. Ji; H. J. Jiang; W. Q. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; C. Y. Lai; W. C. Lai; W. H. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; M. K. P. Lee; R. Leitner; J. K. C. Leung; K. Y. Leung; C. A. Lewis; F. Li; G. S. Li; J. Li; Q. J. Li; S. F. Li; W. D. Li; X. B. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; S. K. Lin; S. X. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; B. J. Liu; D. W. Liu; J. C. Liu; J. L. Liu; S. Liu; X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; A. Luk; K. B. Luk; X. L. Luo; L. H. Ma; Q. M. Ma; X. Y. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; B. Mayes; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; D. Mohapatra; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; I. Nemchenok; C. Newsom; H. Y. Ngai; W. K. Ngai; Y. B. Nie; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; A. Pagac; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. Seilhan; B. B. Shao; K. Shih; H. Steiner; P. Stoler; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; H. K. Tanaka; X. Tang; Y. Torun; S. Trentalange; O. Tsai; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. Tull; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; D. L. Wenman; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; J. Wilhelmi; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; J. Wong; F. F. Wu; Q. Wu; J. B. Xi; D. M. Xia; Q. Xiao; Z. Z. Xing; G. Xu; J. Xu; J. Xu; J. L. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; C. G. Yang; L. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; Z. Y. Yu; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; H. Zhao; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Y. Z. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

    2012-02-28

    The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is designed to determine precisely the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ with a sensitivity better than 0.01 in the parameter sin$^22\\theta_{13}$ at the 90% confidence level. To achieve this goal, the collaboration will build eight functionally identical antineutrino detectors. The first two detectors have been constructed, installed and commissioned in Experimental Hall 1, with steady data-taking beginning September 23, 2011. A comparison of the data collected over the subsequent three months indicates that the detectors are functionally identical, and that detector-related systematic uncertainties exceed requirements.

  20. Preparation for the Recovery of Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) at Andreeva Bay, North West Russia - 13309

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, D.; McAtamney, N. [Nuvia Limited (United Kingdom)] [Nuvia Limited (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01

    Andreeva Bay is located near Murmansk in the Russian Federation close to the Norwegian border. The ex-naval site was used to de-fuel nuclear-powered submarines and icebreakers during the Cold War. Approximately 22,000 fuel assemblies remain in three Dry Storage Units (DSUs) which means that Andreeva Bay has one of the largest stockpiles of highly enriched spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in the world. The high contamination and deteriorating condition of the SNF canisters has made improvements to the management of the SNF a high priority for the international community for safety, security and environmental reasons. International Donors have, since 2002, provided support to projects at Andreeva concerned with improving the management of the SNF. This long-term programme of work has been coordinated between the International Donors and responsible bodies within the Russian Federation. Options for the safe and secure management of SNF at Andreeva Bay were considered in 2004 and developed by a number of Russian Institutes with international participation. This consisted of site investigations, surveys and studies to understand the technical challenges. A principal agreement was reached that the SNF would be removed from the site altogether and transported to Russia's reprocessing facility at Mayak in the Urals. The analytical studies provided the information necessary to develop the construction plan for the site. Following design and regulatory processes, stakeholders endorsed the technical solution in April 2007. This detailed the processes, facilities and equipment required to safely remove the SNF and identified other site services and support facilities required on the site. Implementation of this strategy is now well underway with the facilities in various states of construction. Physical works have been performed to address the most urgent tasks including weather protection over one of the DSUs, installation of shielding over the cells, provision of radiation protection infrastructure and general preparation of the site for construction of the facilities for the removal of the SNF. This paper describes the development and implementation of the strategy and work to improve the safe and secure management of SNF, preparing it for retrieval and removal from Andreeva Bay. (authors)

  1. Ann bay lodyans 10 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 10 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml Tl CHENN LO A Te gen yon nonm ki te...

  2. Ann bay lodyans 12 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 12 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml EPI BONDYE KREYE PREMYE FS A Nan...

  3. Ann bay lodyans 4 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 4 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml Tl CHAT: PI PITI PI RED Vwala se te...

  4. Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration: First Results Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

    2011-08-01

    This report documents the early implementation experience for the Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Demonstration, the largest fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States. The ZEBA Demonstration group includes five participating transit agencies: AC Transit (lead transit agency), Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA), Golden Gate Transit (GGT), San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans), and San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni). The ZEBA partners are collaborating with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to evaluate the buses in revenue service.

  5. Ann bay lodyans 11 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 11 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben...") ki pare ti liv sa a. AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN PM 7854 .H39 A56 2000 PM Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 1997 YON PWASON KI RELE TEZEN Vwala se yon jennfi yo rele Wozilya ak yon jennjan yo rele Tezen ki...

  6. Ann bay lodyans 15 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS15 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben...") ki pare ti liv sa a. H ^ AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN 2 0 0 0 Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 2000 PM 7854 .H39 A56 2000 v. 15 YON KONTRA AK LEDJAB Vwala te gen yon malerez ki te deja gen douz pitit, e...

  7. Ann bay lodyans 5 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 5 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben.... Tijo we yon tig ki te tonbe nan yon gwo twou. Li pa t kapab soti paske twou a fon. Kounye a tig la prizonye. Li di Tijo: "Ou se yon bon ti gason, ede m soti, souple." Tijo reponn: "Si mwen retire ou nan twou a, ou ap manje m." Tig la di: "O non...

  8. Ann bay lodyans 14 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml fcjNlVfcHto" r ' K A N S A S L lBf iAH.r ANN BAY... LODYANS1 4 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a. A 51* AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN PM 7854 .H39 A56 2000 v. 14 Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 2000 YON TI PYE ZORANJ Se istwa yon ti fi ki...

  9. Ann bay lodyans 3 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvčl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwčs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 3 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben...") ki pare ti liv sa a. AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 2000 PM 7854 • H39 A56 KUAN POU M JWENN KOB? Vwala te gen yon zarenyen ki te raze net. Li di nan tet li: "M bezwen jwenn kob...

  10. Ann bay lodyans 16 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    ofisye yo. Genyen yon gwo pyano pou nou pote nan sal la." Pye Wolen, Senlwidino TET DESALIN Yon blan rantre an Ayiti. Li mande yon neg: "Fe m jwenn tet Jan Jak Desalin, pou souvni." Neg la, sa li gen pou fe, li rantre nan yon simitye, li pran yon... tet byen vit. Li pote I bay blan an. Blan an di konsa: "Sa a pa tet Desalin. Tet Desalin pa kapab piti konsa." Neg la di: "Sa a se tet Desalin le I te timoun!" 8 MANGO A Ml Se Bouki ak Malis ki t ap pwonmennen. Bouki di Malis: "Men yon pye mango...

  11. Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Results. Fourth Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eudy, Leslie; Post, Matthew

    2015-07-02

    This report presents results of a demonstration of fuel cell electric buses (FCEB) operating in Oakland, California. Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) leads the Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) demonstration, which includes 12 advanced-design fuel cell buses and two hydrogen fueling stations. The FCEBs in service at AC Transit are 40-foot, low-floor buses built by Van Hool with a hybrid electric propulsion system that includes a US Hybrid fuel cell power system and EnerDel lithium-based energy storage system. The buses began revenue service in May 2010.

  12. MHK Projects/OpenHydro Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia CA | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5 < MHK ProjectsHawaiiInformation Bay of Fundy

  13. Bay County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy Resources JumpBay County,

  14. MHK Projects/Coos Bay OPT Wave Park | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos Bay OPT Wave Park < MHK Projects Jump

  15. MHK Projects/General Sullivan and Little Bay BRI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos Bay OPT WaveFishers IslandShelterSullivan

  16. MHK Projects/Makah Bay Offshore Wave Pilot Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos Bay OPTHalf| Open EnergyMaine 1

  17. MHK Projects/Ocean Energy Galway Bay IE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos Bay OPTHalf|Myette

  18. MHK Projects/San Francisco Bay Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos BayOysterReliance LightSalem

  19. MHK Projects/Willapa Bay Tidal Power Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoosSlough BendVidal IslandWestWaveWillapa Bay

  20. One-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structures formed by discharge plasmas in a waveguide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arkhipenko, V. I.; Simonchik, L. V., E-mail: l.simonchik@dragon.bas-net.by; Usachonak, M. S. [B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics of the NAS of Belarus, Ave. Nezavisimostsi 68, 220072 Minsk (Belarus); Callegari, Th.; Sokoloff, J. [Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE, Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France)

    2014-09-28

    We demonstrate the ability to develop one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure in X-band waveguide solely by using the positive columns of glow discharges in neon at the middle pressure. Plasma inhomogeneities are distributed uniformly along a typical X-band waveguide with cross section of 23×10 mm˛. It is shown that electron densities larger than 10ą? cm ?ł are needed in order to create an effective one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure. Some applications for using the one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure in waveguide as a control of microwave (broadband filter and device for variation of pulse duration) are demonstrated.

  1. Triaxial strongly deformed bands in {sup 164}Hf and the effect of elevated yrast line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma Wenchao

    2012-10-20

    Two exotic rotational bands have been identified in {sup 164}Hf and linked to known states. They are interpreted as being associated with the calculated triaxial strongly deformed (TSD) potential energy minimum. The bands are substantially stronger and are located at much lower spins than the previously discovered TSD bands in {sup 168}Hf. In addition to the proton and neutron shell gaps at large trixiality, it was proposed that the relative excitation energy of TSD bands above the yrast line plays an important role in the population of TSD bands.

  2. Probing the Local Bubble with Diffuse Interstellar Bands (DIBs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Loon, Jacco Th; Javadi, Atefeh; Bailey, Mandy; Khosroshahi, Habib

    2015-01-01

    The Sun lies in the middle of an enormous cavity of a million degree gas, known as the Local Bubble. The Local Bubble is surrounded by a wall of denser neutral and ionized gas. The Local Bubble extends around 100 pc in the plane of Galaxy and hundreds of parsecs vertically, but absorption-line surveys of neutral sodium and singly-ionized calcium have revealed a highly irregular structure and the presence of neutral clouds within an otherwise tenuous and hot gas. We have undertaken an all-sky, European-Iranian survey of the Local Bubble in the absorption of a number of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) to offer a novel view of our neighbourhood. Our dedicated campaigns with ESO's New Technology Telescope and the ING's Isaac Newton Telescope comprise high signal-to-noise, medium-resolution spectra, concentrating on the 5780 and 5797 \\AA\\ bands which trace ionized/irradiated and neutral/shielded environments, respectively; their carriers are unknown but likely to be large carbonaceous molecules. With about 660 s...

  3. Transistor roadmap projection using predictive full-band atomistic modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salmani-Jelodar, M., E-mail: m.salmani@gmail.com; Klimeck, G. [Network for Computational Nanotechnology and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Kim, S. [Intel Corporation, 2501 Northwest 229th Avenue, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States); Ng, K. [Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), 1101 Slater Rd, Durham, North Carolina 27703 (United States)

    2014-08-25

    In this letter, a full band atomistic quantum transport tool is used to predict the performance of double gate metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) over the next 15?years for International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). As MOSFET channel lengths scale below 20?nm, the number of atoms in the device cross-sections becomes finite. At this scale, quantum mechanical effects play an important role in determining the device characteristics. These quantum effects can be captured with the quantum transport tool. Critical results show the ON-current degradation as a result of geometry scaling, which is in contrast to previous ITRS compact model calculations. Geometric scaling has significant effects on the ON-current by increasing source-to-drain (S/D) tunneling and altering the electronic band structure. By shortening the device gate length from 20?nm to 5.1?nm, the ratio of S/D tunneling current to the overall subthreshold OFF-current increases from 18% to 98%. Despite this ON-current degradation by scaling, the intrinsic device speed is projected to increase at a rate of at least 8% per year as a result of the reduction of the quantum capacitance.

  4. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit, Annapolis, Maryland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    Under this project, the BA-PIRC research team evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place deep energy retrofit at the Bay Ridge multifamily development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This case study summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete.

  5. The Golden Gate Textile Barrier: Preserving California Bay of San Francisco from a Rising North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richart B. Cathcart; Alexander A. Bolonkin

    2007-02-04

    Climate change in California may require construction of a barrier separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento River-San Joaquin River Delta simply because Southern California is remarkably dependent on freshwater exported from the Delta. We offer a new kind of salt barrier, a macroproject built of impermeable textile materials stretched across the Golden Gate beneath the famous bridge. We anticipate it might eventually substitute for a recently proposed San Francisco In-Stream Tidal Power Plant harnessing a 1.7 m tide at the Bay entrance if future climate conditions Statewide is conducive. First-glance physics underpin our macroproject.

  6. The Golden Gate Textile Barrier: Preserving California Bay of San Francisco from a Rising North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cathcart, R B; Bolonkin, Alexander A.; Cathcart, Richart B.

    2007-01-01

    Climate change in California may require construction of a barrier separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento River-San Joaquin River Delta simply because Southern California is remarkably dependent on freshwater exported from the Delta. We offer a new kind of salt barrier, a macroproject built of impermeable textile materials stretched across the Golden Gate beneath the famous bridge. We anticipate it might eventually substitute for a recently proposed San Francisco In-Stream Tidal Power Plant harnessing a 1.7 m tide at the Bay entrance if future climate conditions Statewide is conducive. First-glance physics underpin our macroproject.

  7. /sup 210/Pb dating and the recent geologic history of Crystal Bay, Lake Minnetonka, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murchie, S.L.

    1985-11-01

    /sup 210/Pb dating of five cores from Crystal Bay, Lake Minnetonka, was used to examine the geologic history of the basin during the last century. A lakewide /sup 210/Pb budget and the basinwide average cumulative activities of /sup 210/Pb within time-stratigraphic units were estimated from multiple cores. Ages of time-stratigraphic markers and sediment accumulation rates of time-stratigraphic units were calculated from a constant-flux /sup 210/Pb-dating model. The basinwide bulk-sediment accumulation rate was found to have increased from 0.003 g cm/sup -2/ yr/sup -1/ before settlement to 0.07 g cm/sup -2/ yr/sup -1/ for the period from 1962 to 1983. Since settlement of the surrounding area, profundal sediment became highly calcareous and accumulation of littoral marl began. Intensity of focusing of sediment to the center of Crystal Bay decreased as basinwide sediment accumulation rates increased. Light organic sediment was also found to be more intensely focused than heavier siliceous or calcareous sediment. Accumulation of sediment spread to regions shallower than 5 m as the rate of sedimentation exceeded the rate of sediment resuspension at the depth, about 4 mm yr/sup -1/.

  8. Top-down methane emissions estimates for the San Francisco Bay Area from 1990 to 2012

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fairley, David; Fischer, Marc L.

    2015-01-30

    Methane is a potent greenhouse gas (GHG) that is now included in both California State and San Francisco Bay Area (SFBA) bottom-up emission inventories as part of California's effort to reduce anthropogenic GHG emissions. Here we provide a top-down estimate of methane (CH4) emissions from the SFBA by combining atmospheric measurements with the comparatively better estimated emission inventory for carbon monoxide (CO). Local enhancements of CH4 and CO are estimated using measurements from 14 air quality sites in the SFBA combined together with global background measurements. Mean annual CH4 emissions are estimated from the product of Bay Area Air Qualitymore »Management District (BAAQMD) emission inventory CO and the slope of ambient local CH4 to CO. The resulting top-down estimates of CH4 emissions are found to decrease slightly from 1990 to 2012, with a mean value of 240 ± 60 GgCH4 yr?ą (at 95% confidence) in the most recent (2009–2012) period, and correspond to reasonably a constant factor of 1.5–2.0 (at 95% confidence) times larger than the BAAQMD CH4 emission inventory. However, we note that uncertainty in these emission estimates is dominated by the variation in CH4:CO enhancement ratios across the observing sites and we expect the estimates could represent a lower-limit on CH4 emissions because BAAQMD monitoring sites focus on urban air quality and may be biased toward CO rather than CH4 sources.« less

  9. Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyons, James; Moore, Mike; Thompson, Margo

    2013-08-01

    Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place deep energy retrofit (DER) at the Bay Ridge multifamily development in Annapolis, Maryland. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a "base scope" retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a "DER scope" which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

  10. Extensive near-infrared (H-band) photometry in Coma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Andreon; R. Pello; E. Davoust; R. Dominguez; P. Poulain

    1999-10-14

    We present extensive and accurate photometry in the near-infrared H band of a complete sample of objects in an area of about 400 arcmin2 toward the Coma cluster of galaxies. The sample, including about 300 objects, is complete down to H~17 mag, the exact value depending on the type of magnitude (isophotal, aperture, Kron) and the particular region studied. This is six magnitudes below the characteristic magnitude of galaxies, well into the dwarfs' regime at the distance of the Coma cluster. For each object (star or galaxy) we provide aperture magnitudes computed within five different apertures, the magnitude within the 22 mag arcsec2 isophote, the Kron magnitude and radius, magnitude errors, as well as the coordinates, the isophotal area, and a stellarity index. Photometric errors are 0.2 mag at the completness limit. This sample is meant to be the zero-redshift reference for evolutionary studies of galaxies.

  11. Ultra Wide Band RFID Neutron Tags for Nuclear Materials Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nekoogar, F; Dowla, F; Wang, T

    2010-01-27

    Recent advancements in the ultra-wide band Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and solid state pillar type neutron detectors have enabled us to move forward in combining both technologies for advanced neutron monitoring. The LLNL RFID tag is totally passive and will operate indefinitely without the need for batteries. The tag is compact, can be directly mounted on metal, and has high performance in dense and cluttered environments. The LLNL coin-sized pillar solid state neutron detector has achieved a thermal neutron detection efficiency of 20% and neutron/gamma discrimination of 1E5. These performance values are comparable to a fieldable {sup 3}He based detector. In this paper we will discuss features about the two technologies and some potential applications for the advanced safeguarding of nuclear materials.

  12. Initial assessment of an airborne Ku-band polarimetric SAR.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

    2013-02-01

    Polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has been used for a variety of dual-use research applications since the 1940's. By measuring the direction of the electric field vector from radar echoes, polarimetry may enhance an analyst's understanding of scattering effects for both earth monitoring and tactical surveillance missions. Polarimetry may provide insight into surface types, materials, or orientations for natural and man-made targets. Polarimetric measurements may also be used to enhance the contrast between scattering surfaces such as man-made objects and their surroundings. This report represents an initial assessment of the utility of, and applications for, polarimetric SAR at Ku-band for airborne or unmanned aerial systems.

  13. Voltage-matched, monolithic, multi-band-gap devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W.; Mascarenhas, Angelo

    2006-08-22

    Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a sting of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.

  14. G-Band Vapor Radiometer Profiler (GVRP) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caddeau, MP

    2010-06-23

    The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Profiler (GVRP) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from 15 channels between 170 and 183.310 GHz. Atmospheric emission in this spectral region is primarily due to water vapor, with some influence from liquid water. Channels between 170.0 and 176.0 GHz are particularly sensitive to the presence of liquid water. The sensitivity to water vapor of the 183.31-GHz line is approximately 30 times higher than at the frequencies of the two-channel microwave radiometer (MWR) for a precipitable water vapor (PWV) amount of less than 2.5 mm. Measurements from the GVRP instrument are therefore especially useful during low-humidity conditions (PWV < 5 mm). In addition to integrated water vapor and liquid water, the GVRP can provide low-resolution vertical profiles of water vapor in very dry conditions.

  15. Engineering integrated pure narrow-band photon sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrico Pomarico; Bruno Sanguinetti; Clara I. Osorio; Harald Herrmann; Rob Thew

    2011-08-29

    Engineering and controlling well defined states of light for quantum information applications is of increasing importance as the complexity of quantum systems grows. For example, in quantum networks high multi-photon interference visibility requires properly devised single mode sources. In this paper we propose a spontaneous parametric down conversion source based on an integrated cavity-waveguide, where single narrow-band, possibly distinct, spectral modes for the idler and the signal fields can be generated. This mode selection takes advantage of the clustering effect, due to the intrinsic dispersion of the nonlinear material. In combination with a CW laser and fast detection, our approach provides a means to engineer a source that can efficiently generate pure photons, without filtering, that is compatible with long distance quantum communication. Furthermore, it is extremely flexible and could easily be adapted to a wide variety of wavelengths and applications.

  16. Out of band radiation effects on resist patterning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, Simi A .; Naulleau, Patrick P.

    2011-03-11

    Our previous work estimated the expected out-of-band (OOB) flare contribution at the wafer level assuming that there is a given amount of OOB at the collector focus. We found that the OOB effects are wavelength, resist, and pattern dependent. In this paper, results from rigorous patterning evaluation of multiple OOB-exposed resists using the SEMATECH Berkeley 0.3-NA MET are presented. A controlled amount of OOB is applied to the resist films before patterning is completed with the MET. LER and process performance above the resolution limit and at the resolution limits are evaluated and presented. The results typically show a negative impact on LER and process performance after the OOB exposures except in the case of single resist formulation, where resolution and performance improvement was observed.

  17. Voltage-Matched, Monolithic, Multi-Band-Gap Devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, M. W.; Mascarenhas, A.

    2006-08-22

    Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a string of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.

  18. CS364B: Frontiers in Mechanism Design Lecture #15: The Price of Anarchy of Bayes-Nash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughgarden, Tim

    CS364B: Frontiers in Mechanism Design Lecture #15: The Price of Anarchy of Bayes-Nash Equilibria.1 Suppose that: 1. Every bidder i has a submodular (or even XOS1 ) valuation; 2. b is a pure Nash with arbitrarily low welfare. 1.2 Recap: Extension Theorems Theorem 1.1 is only about pure Nash equilibria, which

  19. An Archaeological Survey of the 85 Acre Bay City High School Site in Central Matagorda County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-10

    Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) conducted a 100% pedestrian survey of an 85 acre tract of land, the site of the proposed Bay City Independent School District High School in north-central Matagorda County, Texas on May 23-24, 1999...

  20. Blue crabs are a valuable economic species in Biscayne Bay. The blue crabs Latin name translates as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blue crabs are a valuable economic species in Biscayne Bay. The blue crabs Latin name translates as beautiful swimmer that is savory. They are from the Phylum Arthropoda (animals with jointed legs). Blue. Blue crabs can walk very quickly across the ocean floor. The females have been known to swim 500 miles

  1. Impact of fair-weather cumulus clouds and the Chesapeake Bay breeze on pollutant transport and transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    evolve in the atmosphere, to forecast air quality and climate impacts of pollutants, and to help evaluate air pollution and climate change mitigation plans. Fine scale weather structures, such as fairImpact of fair-weather cumulus clouds and the Chesapeake Bay breeze on pollutant transport

  2. Impact of fair-weather cumulus clouds and the Chesapeake Bay breeze on pollutant transport and transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Da-Lin

    to investigate how pollutants evolve in the atmosphere, to forecast air quality and climate impacts of pollutants, and to help evaluate air pollution and climate change mitigation plans. Fine scale weather structuresImpact of fair-weather cumulus clouds and the Chesapeake Bay breeze on pollutant transport

  3. EA-1916: Ocean Renewable Power Company Maine, LLC Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Pilot Project, Cobscook in Washington County, Maine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Draft Environmental AssessmentThis EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a project that would use the tidal currents of Cobscook Bay to generate electricity via cross-flow Kinetic System turbine generator units (TGU) mounted on the seafloor. The TGUs would capture energy from the flow in both ebb and flood directions.

  4. Phy Sci 110, Spring 2004 Lab Week 8 May 18-19, 2004 Environmental History of the Chesapeake Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , political & economic significance. The big issues are: 1. What factor or factors have driven this change1 Phy Sci 110, Spring 2004 Lab Week 8 May 18-19, 2004 Environmental History of the Chesapeake Bay the oyster industry, Maryland & Virginia environmental managers are now considering introducing a new alien

  5. Environmental links to interannual variability in shellfish toxicity in Cobscook Bay and eastern Maine, a strongly tidally mixed coastal region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    Maine, a strongly tidally mixed coastal region Hannah M. Horecka, Andrew C. Thomas n , Ryan A. Weatherbee School of Marine Sciences, 5706 Aubert Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Harmful algal blooms Gulf of Maine Cobscook Bay Shellfish toxicity a b s t r a c

  6. Development of a mass balance model for estimating PCB export from the lower Fox River to Green Bay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velleux, M.; Endicott, D.

    1994-01-01

    A mass balance approach was used to model contaminant cycling in the lower Fox River from the DePere Dam to Green Bay. The objectives of this research were (1) to estimate present contaminant export from the Fox River to Green Bay, and (2) to quantify contaminant transport and fate pathways in the lower river for the study period. Specifically, a model describing the transport, fate, and export of chlorides, total suspended solids, total PCBs, and six PCB congeners for the lower Fox River was developed. Field data collected as part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Green Bay Mass Balance Study were used to calibrate the model. Model results suggest that the transport of inplace pollutants significantly contributed to the cumulative export of total PCBs over this period. Estimated total PCB transport in the Fox River during 1989 increased 60% between the dam and river mouth due to the resuspension of lower river sediments. Total suspended solids and PCB predictions are most sensitive to particle transport parameters, particularly the settling and resuspension velocities. The significant components of the total PCB mass balance are import (loading over the DePere Dam), settling, resuspension, and export to Green Bay. Volatilization, porewater transport, and point source input were not significant to the mass balance. Present point source discharges to the river are not significant total PCB sources, collectively contributing less than 6 kg of PCB to the river during the mass balance period.

  7. 3D architecture of a complex transcurrent rift system: The example of the Bay of BiscayWestern Pyrenees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    inversion Seismic interpretation Bay of Biscay Western Pyrenees The Parentis and Arzacq­Mauléon basins observations and the interpretation of seismic data. We compare these results with those obtained from two, based on seismic data and gravimetric inversion methods, a decrease in extension from west to east

  8. Geological, geochemical, and geophysical survey of the geothermal resources at Hot Springs Bay Valley, Akutan Island, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motyka, R.J.; Wescott, E.M.; Turner, D.L.; Swanson, S.E.; Romick, J.D.; Moorman, M.A.; Poreda, R.J.; Witte, W.; Petzinger, B.; Allely, R.D.

    1985-01-01

    An extensive survey was conducted of the geothermal resource potential of Hot Springs Bay Valley on Akutan Island. A topographic base map was constructed, geologic mapping, geophysical and geochemical surveys were conducted, and the thermal waters and fumarolic gases were analyzed for major and minor element species and stable isotope composition. (ACR)

  9. Higher surface ozone concentrations over the Chesapeake Bay than over the adjacent land: Observations and models from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    , in high enough concentrations, is a hazardous secondary air pollutant regulated by the United States t s Observations of ozone are higher over the Chesapeake Bay than areas upwind on land. Dry deposition rates, slower dry deposition rates, and other lesser mechanisms, contribute to the local maximum of ozone over

  10. Distribution and Status of the Guiana Dolphin Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea, Delphinidae) Population in Babitonga Bay, Southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simőes-Lopes, Paulo César

    in Babitonga Bay, Southern Brazil Marta J. Cremer1,2, *, Fernando A.S. Hardt1 , Antonio J. Tonello Jr1 Regiăo de Joinville, Caixa Postal 110, Cep 89240-000, Săo Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil 2 Programa de Pós-Graduaçăo em Cięncias Biológicas ­ Zoologia, Univ. Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil 3

  11. On the bluffs overlooking Monterey Bay, the Seymour Marine Discovery Center is dedicated to educating people about the role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    On the bluffs overlooking Monterey Bay, the Seymour Marine Discovery Center is dedicated · theadjacentYoungerLagoonNaturalReserve The Seymour Center is a self-funded program of the University of California,SantaCruz. seymour marine Discovery center at Long marine Laboratory university of California

  12. On the bluffs overlooking Monterey Bay, the Seymour Marine Discovery Center is dedicated to educating people about the role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    On the bluffs overlooking Monterey Bay, the Seymour Marine Discovery Center is dedicated's oceans. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Laboratory Participate through inquiry · theadjacentYoungerLagoonNaturalReserve Located at Long Marine Laboratory, the Seymour Center is a self

  13. Journal ofMurirzr Research, 53, 799-8 19, 1995 Carbon cycling in mesohaline ChesapeakeBay sediments 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Journal ofMurirzr Research, 53, 799-8 19, 1995 Carbon cycling in mesohaline ChesapeakeBay sedimentsChesapeake Baywas analyzed using available data on sediment sulfate reduction, sediment oxygen consumption of integrated sediment metabolism and POC burial compared well with direct estimates derived from chlorophyll

  14. Preliminary conceptual study on impact of land reclamation on groundwater flow and contaminant migration in Penny's Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    of the contaminated groundwater due to Cheoy Lee Shipyard, which was located on the north and eastern shores of Penny Shipyard is not removed, the contaminated groundwater will not spread out much within Penny's Bay sand and silt which forms the Chek Lap Kok Formation. A former shipyard called Cheoy Lee Shipyard (CLS

  15. Propagating compaction bands in confined compression of snow: Experiment and Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. W. Barraclough; J. R. Blackford; S. Liebenstein; S. Sandfeld; T. J. Stratford; G. Weinländer; M. Zaiser

    2014-12-16

    We show that the plastic deformation of snow under uniaxial compression is characterized by complex spatio-temporal strain localization phenomena. Deformation is characterized by repeated nucleation and propagation of compaction bands. Compaction bands are also observed during the very first stage of compression of solid foams where a single band moves across the sample at approximately constant stress. However, snow differs from these materials as repeated nucleation and propagation of bands occurs throughout the subsequent hardening stage until the end of the deformation experiment. Band nucleation and/or reflection of bands at the sample boundaries are accompanied by stress drops which punctuate the stress strain curve. A constitutive model is proposed which quantitatively reproduces all features of this oscillatory deformation mode. To this end, a well-established compressive plasticity framework for solid foams is generalized to account for shear softening behavior, time dependence of microstructure (`rapid sintering') and non-locality of damage processes in snow.

  16. Band-Gap Engineering at a Semiconductor-Crystalline Oxide Interface

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jahangir-Moghadam, Mohammadreza; Ahmadi-Majlan, Kamyar; Shen, Xuan; Droubay, Timothy; Bowden, Mark; Chrysler, Matthew; Su, Dong; Chambers, Scott A.; Ngai, Joseph H.

    2015-02-09

    The epitaxial growth of crystalline oxides on semiconductors provides a pathway to introduce new functionalities to semiconductor devices. Key to integrating the functionalities of oxides onto semiconductors is controlling the band alignment at interfaces between the two materials. Here we apply principles of band gap engineering traditionally used at heterojunctions between conventional semiconductors to control the band offset between a single crystalline oxide and a semiconductor. Reactive molecular beam epitaxy is used to realize atomically abrupt and structurally coherent interfaces between SrZrxTi1-xO? and Ge, in which the band gap of the former is enhanced with Zr content x. We presentmore »structural and electrical characterization of SrZrxTi1-xO?-Ge heterojunctions and demonstrate a type-I band offset can be achieved. These results demonstrate that band gap engineering can be exploited to realize functional semiconductor crystalline oxide heterojunctions.« less

  17. Daya Bay

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet HanfordDOEDaniel ShechtmanDepartmentSecurityDavid1 at

  18. Bay Area

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia National 1 PAGE 1 OF2Guidance to the RevisedEISI 1

  19. African Francophone Bandes Dessinées: Graphic Autobiographies and Illustrated Testimonies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumatay, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    1989. Baetens, Jan. “Autobiographies et bandes dessinées. ”Critical Essays on Autobiography and Graphic Novels.Abyme of Graphic Novel Autobiography. ” College Literature

  20. The mechanism and realization of a band-agile coaxial relativistic backward-wave oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ge, Xingjun; Zhang, Jun; Zhong, Huihuang; Qian, Baoliang; Wang, Haitao [College of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

    2014-11-03

    The mechanism and realization of a band-agile coaxial relativistic backward-wave oscillator (RBWO) are presented. The operation frequency tuning can be easily achieved by merely altering the inner-conductor length. The key effects of the inner-conductor length contributing to the mechanical frequency tunability are investigated theoretically and experimentally. There is a specific inner-conductor length where the operation frequency can jump from one mode to another mode, which belongs to a different operation band. In addition, the operation frequency is tunable within each operation band. During simulation, the L-band microwave with a frequency of 1.61 GHz is radiated when the inner-conductor length is 39?cm. Meanwhile, the S-band microwave with a frequency of 2.32 GHz is radiated when the inner-conductor length is 5?cm. The frequency adjustment bandwidths of L-band and S-band are about 8.5% and 2%, respectively. Moreover, the online mechanical tunability process is described in detail. In the initial experiment, the generated microwave frequencies remain approximately 1.59 GHz and 2.35?GHz when the inner-conductor lengths are 39?cm and 5?cm. In brief, this technical route of the band-agile coaxial RBWO is feasible and provides a guide to design other types of band-agile high power microwaves sources.