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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Traumatic brain injury with particular reference to diffuse traumatic axonal injury subpopulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality within society. TBI may result in both focal and diffuse brain injury. Diffuse traumatic axonal injury (TAI) is an important pathological substrate of TBI, and can...

Al-Hasani, Omer Hussain

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in OEF/OIF Veterans : : A Combined Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Cortical Thickness Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

injury in mild traumatic brain injury: A diffusion tensoralteration after traumatic brain injury experienced duringE. (1999). Mild traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychological

Sorg, Scott Francis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Understanding Why Patients Return to the Emergency Department after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury within 72 hours of Discharge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

treatment for mild traumatic brain injury patients with EDResearch on Traumatic n (%) Brain Injury and Psychologicaltreatment of traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Quantitative Brain Electrical Activity in the Initial Screening of Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigation into mild brain injury and discriminantfrequency bands (32-64 Hz). Brain Inj. 24. Thakor NV, Tongfor accuracy traumatic brain injury. J Neuropsychiatry Clin

O'Neil, Brian; Prichep, Leslie S.; Naunheim, Roseanne; Chabot, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Traumatic Brain Injury Dr Seena Fazel & Prof. Huw Williams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traumatic Brain Injury and Crime Dr Seena Fazel & Prof. Huw Williams NHS Centre for Clinical Neuropsychological Research (CCNR) #12;Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Moderate-Severe TBI (e.g. 30 mins + LoC) ­ insult to the brain from an external mechanical force. ­ E.g. blow to the head - "fast- stop" in a crash

Mumby, Peter J.

6

Computational Simulation and Visualization of Traumatic Brain Injuries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

brain tissue oscillations shed new light on the mechanisms of Closed Head Injuries. Our results may helpComputational Simulation and Visualization of Traumatic Brain Injuries Martin Burtscher School the human brain dynamics in realistic 2D cross-sections during trau- matic scenarios corresponding

Burtscher, Martin

7

Neuropathology Following Repeated Traumatic Brain Injury and the Influence of Inflammatory Status on Injury Outcome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury."models of mTBI have reported changes in RD at 7 and 30 days following blast injury (

Donovan, Virginia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Routine Repeat Head CT may not be Indicated in Patients on Anticoagulant/Antiplatelet Therapy Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an intracranial bleed. J Trauma. brain injury deaths andFollowing Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Kevin C. McCammack,after mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) are controversial.

McCammack, Kevin C.; Sadler, Charlotte; Guo, Yueyang; Ramaswamy, Raja S; Farid, Nikdokht

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Material Modeling and Development of a Realistic Dummy Testing Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Material Modeling and Development of a Realistic Dummy Head for Testing Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury S. G. M. Hossain1, C. A. Nelson1, T. Boulet2, M. Arnoult2, L. Zhang2, A. Holmberg2, J. Hein occurrence rate of traumatic brain injury (TBI) ­ 1.4 million people in US per year ­ 50,000 deaths ­ 235

Farritor, Shane

10

Design of a composite combat helmet liner for prevention of blast-induced traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air blast-induced traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) represent a significant percentage of military personnel injuries observed in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Prevalence of blast-induced ...

Vechart, Andrew (Andrew Peter)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fluid-filled helmet liner concept for protection against blast-induced traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to changes in modem warfare threats, as well as advances in body armor, soldier survivability in combat has increased, but blast-induced Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has become a prevalent injury in the battlefield. ...

Yost, Allison L. (Allison Lynne)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

In Silico Investigation of Intracranial Blast Mitigation with Relevance to Military Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast-induced traumatic brain injury is the most prevalent military injury in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head, and still less is known about how personal ...

Nyein, Michelle K.

13

Transcranial LED therapy for cognitive dysfunction in chronic, mild traumatic brain injury: Two case reports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two chronic, traumatic brain injury (TBI) cases are presented, where cognitive function improved following treatment with transcranial light emitting diodes (LEDs). At age 59, P1 had closed-head injury from a motor vehicle ...

Hamblin, Michael R.

14

Technical Aspects of an Impact Acceleration Traumatic Brain Injury Rat Model with Potential Suitability for both Microdialysis and PtiO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

molecules are now conceivable to ameliorate severe head-injury treatment. Keywords: Traumatic Brain Injury of anaesthesia and/or neuroprotection, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) animal model, similar to human head injury1 Technical Aspects of an Impact Acceleration Traumatic Brain Injury Rat Model with Potential

Boyer, Edmond

15

Improved Cognitive Function After Transcranial, Light-Emitting Diode Treatments in Chronic, Traumatic Brain Injury: Two Case Reports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objective: Two chronic, traumatic brain injury (TBI) cases, where cognition improved following treatment with red and near-infrared light-emitting diodes (LEDs), applied transcranially to forehead and scalp areas, are ...

Naeser, Margaret A.

16

The changing landscape of traumatic brain injury research As thisissue of The Lancet Neurology went to press, the guidelines for the management of patients in different  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neurology went to press, the guidelines for the management of patients in different traumatic brain injury clinical Brain Injury Research(InTBIR).This initiative, whichwill trials. Hence, approaches to measure

17

Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...

Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute traumatic brain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wayne State University Collection: Physics 76 Documentation Guidelines for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Head injury or traumatic brain injury is considered a medical or...

19

Links between traumatic brain injury and ballistic pressure waves originating in the thoracic cavity and extremities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying patients at risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important because research suggests prophylactic treatments to reduce risk of long-term sequelae. Blast pressure waves can cause TBI without penetrating wounds or blunt force trauma. Similarly, bullet impacts distant from the brain can produce pressure waves sufficient to cause mild to moderate TBI. The fluid percussion model of TBI shows that pressure impulses of 15-30 psi cause mild to moderate TBI in laboratory animals. In pigs and dogs, bullet impacts to the thigh produce pressure waves in the brain of 18-45 psi and measurable injury to neurons and neuroglia. Analyses of research in goats and epidemiological data from shooting events involving humans show high correlations (r > 0.9) between rapid incapacitation and pressure wave magnitude in the thoracic cavity. A case study has documented epilepsy resulting from a pressure wave without the bullet directly hitting the brain. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that bullet imp...

Courtney, Amy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Thoracic Mechanism of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Due to Blast Pressure Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanisms by which blast pressure waves cause mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are an open question. Possibilities include acceleration of the head, direct passage of the blast wave via the cranium, and propagation of the blast wave to the brain via a thoracic mechanism. The hypothesis that the blast pressure wave reaches the brain via a thoracic mechanism is considered in light of ballistic and blast pressure wave research. Ballistic pressure waves, caused by penetrating ballistic projectiles or ballistic impacts to body armor, can only reach the brain via an internal mechanism and have been shown to cause cerebral effects. Similar effects have been documented when a blast pressure wave has been applied to the whole body or focused on the thorax in animal models. While vagotomy reduces apnea and bradycardia due to ballistic or blast pressure waves, it does not eliminate neural damage in the brain, suggesting that the pressure wave directly affects the brain cells via a thoracic mechanism. ...

Courtney, Amy; 10.1016/j.mehy.2008.08.015

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Reply to Moss et al.: Military and medically relevant models of blast-induced traumatic brain injury vs. ellipsoidal heads and helmets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moss et al. (1) acknowledge the second main conclusion of Nyein et al. (2): that a face shield may significantly mitigate blast-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, they obviate the first and most important ...

Nyein, Michelle K.

22

Use of diffusion tensor imaging to assess the impact of normobaric hyperoxia within at-risk pericontusional tissue after traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and ischaemic pathologies. Mol Cell Biochem 1997; 174: 189192. 30 Robertson CL. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to cell death following traumatic brain injury in adult and immature animals. J Bioenerg Biomembr 2004; 36: 363368. 31 Verweij BH, Muizelaar... and ischaemic pathologies. Mol Cell Biochem 1997; 174: 189192. 30 Robertson CL. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to cell death following traumatic brain injury in adult and immature animals. J Bioenerg Biomembr 2004; 36: 363368. 31 Verweij BH, Muizelaar...

Veenith, Tonny V.; Carter, Eleanor L.; Grossac, Julia; Newcombe, Virginia F.; Outtrim, Joanne G.; Nallapareddy, Sridhar; Lupson, Victoria; Correia, Marta M.; Mada, Marius M.; Williams, Guy B.; Menon, David K.; Coles, Jonathan P.

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

23

G. Christina Caballero 1 Ketamine Sedation in Traumatic Brain Injury: Friend or Foe?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pharmacotherapy Education and Research Center, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio September TBI related to secondary injury and evolves over hours to days following injury d. Improved outcomes MAP > 70 mmHg Systolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg Oxygenation The brain requires oxygen for glucose

Pillow, Jonathan

24

Distinguishing Realistic Military Blasts from Firecrackers in Mitigation Studies of Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In their Contributed Article, Nyein et al. (1,2) present numerical simulations of blast waves interacting with a helmeted head and conclude that a face shield may significantly mitigate blast induced traumatic brain injury (TBI). A face shield may indeed be important for future military helmets, but the authors derive their conclusions from a much smaller explosion than typically experienced on the battlefield. The blast from the 3.16 gm TNT charge of (1) has the following approximate peak overpressures, positive phase durations, and incident impulses (3): 10 atm, 0.25 ms, and 3.9 psi-ms at the front of the head (14 cm from charge), and 1.4 atm, 0.32 ms, and 1.7 psi-ms at the back of a typical 20 cm head (34 cm from charge). The peak pressure of the wave decreases by a factor of 7 as it traverses the head. The blast conditions are at the threshold for injury at the front of the head, but well below threshold at the back of the head (4). The blast traverses the head in 0.3 ms, roughly equal to the positive phase duration of the blast. Therefore, when the blast reaches the back of the head, near ambient conditions exist at the front. Because the headform is so close to the charge, it experiences a wave with significant curvature. By contrast, a realistic blast from a 2.2 kg TNT charge ({approx} an uncased 105 mm artillery round) is fatal at an overpressure of 10 atm (4). For an injury level (4) similar to (1), a 2.2 kg charge has the following approximate peak overpressures, positive phase durations, and incident impulses (3): 2.1 atm, 2.3 ms, and 18 psi-ms at the front of the head (250 cm from charge), and 1.8 atm, 2.5 ms, and 16.8 psi-ms at the back of the head (270 cm from charge). The peak pressure decreases by only a factor of 1.2 as it traverses the head. Because the 0.36 ms traversal time is much smaller than the positive phase duration, pressures on the head become relatively uniform when the blast reaches the back of the head. The larger standoff implies that the headform locally experiences a nearly planar blast wave. Also, the positive phase durations and blast impulses are much larger than those of (1). Consequently, the blast model used in (1) is spatially and temporally very different from a military blast. It would be useful to repeat the calculations using military blast parameters. Finally, (1) overlooks a significant part of (5). On page 1 and on page 3, (1) states that (5) did not consider helmet pads. But pages pages 3 and 4 of (5) present simulations of blast wave propagation across an ACH helmeted head form with and without pads. (5) states that when the pads are present, the 'underwash' of air under the helmet is blocked when compared to the case without. (1) reaches this same conclusion, but reports it as a new result rather than a confirmation of that already found in (5).

Moss, W C; King, M J; Blackman, E G

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Modeling and simulation of blast-induced, early-time intracranial wave physics leading to traumatic brain injury.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this modeling and simulation study was to establish the role of stress wave interactions in the genesis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) from exposure to explosive blast. A high resolution (1 mm{sup 3} voxels), 5 material model of the human head was created by segmentation of color cryosections from the Visible Human Female dataset. Tissue material properties were assigned from literature values. The model was inserted into the shock physics wave code, CTH, and subjected to a simulated blast wave of 1.3 MPa (13 bars) peak pressure from anterior, posterior and lateral directions. Three dimensional plots of maximum pressure, volumetric tension, and deviatoric (shear) stress demonstrated significant differences related to the incident blast geometry. In particular, the calculations revealed focal brain regions of elevated pressure and deviatoric (shear) stress within the first 2 milliseconds of blast exposure. Calculated maximum levels of 15 KPa deviatoric, 3.3 MPa pressure, and 0.8 MPa volumetric tension were observed before the onset of significant head accelerations. Over a 2 msec time course, the head model moved only 1 mm in response to the blast loading. Doubling the blast strength changed the resulting intracranial stress magnitudes but not their distribution. We conclude that stress localization, due to early time wave interactions, may contribute to the development of multifocal axonal injury underlying TBI. We propose that a contribution to traumatic brain injury from blast exposure, and most likely blunt impact, can occur on a time scale shorter than previous model predictions and before the onset of linear or rotational accelerations traditionally associated with the development of TBI.

Ford, Corey C. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Taylor, Paul Allen

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute post-traumatic brain Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pathways. Hyperexcitability and seizure Post-traumatic seizures that follow stroke and brain... of post- traumatic epilepsy include severity of head injury, occurrence of an...

27

Use of diffusion tensor imaging to assess the impact of normobaric hyperoxia within at-risk pericontusional tissue following traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and ischaemic pathologies. Mol Cell Biochem 1997; 174: 189192. 30 Robertson CL. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to cell death following traumatic brain injury in adult and immature animals. J Bioenerg Biomembr 2004; 36: 363368. 31 Verweij BH, Muizelaar...

Veenith, T.V.; Carter, E.L.; Grossac, J.; Newcombe, V.F.; Outtrim, J.G.; Nallapareddy, Sridhar; Lupson, Victoria; Correia, M.M.; Mada, Marius M.; Williams, Guy B.; Menon, David K.; Coles, J.P.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

28

Molecular mechanisms of traumatic brain injury; the missing link in management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

family of cysteine pro- teases [including interleukin-1? converting enzyme (ICE) and cpp32] and a family of genes that are homologous to the oncogene Bcl-2 that either promote or suppress cell death. The Bcl-2 gene family controls both caspase dependent... with wide-ranging implications in tissue kinetics. Br J Cancer 1972, 26(4):239-57. 25. Rink A, Fung KM, Trojanowski JQ, Lee VM, Neugebauer E, McIntosh TK: Evidence of apoptotic cell death after experimental trau- matic brain injury in the rat. Am J Pathol...

Veenith, Tonny; Goon, Serena H; Burnstein, Rowan M

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

29

N-3 FATTY ACIDS AND JUVENILE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: EFFECTS OF DIETARY N-3 FATTY ACID CONTENT, N-3 FATTY ACID STATUS, AND ORALLY DOSED FISH OIL ON SENSORIMOTOR AND BIOCHEMICAL OUTCOMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Children under five years of age are at high risk for sustaining traumatic brain injury (TBI) and tend to have poorer outcomes despite greater neuroplasticity in children. Hence, there is a great need to study TBI specifically ...

Russell, Kristin L.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

Trajectories of Life Satisfaction During the First 10 Years Following Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

included 7,813 participants (2,170 women, 5,643 men) who were included in the TBIMS database. Satisfaction with life across 10 years post-injury was measured by the Satisfaction with Life Scale administered at 1, 2, 5, and 10 years post...

Williamson, Meredith

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

31

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms as Predictors of Suicide Behavior Among Veterans with and without a History of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF LITERATURE.................................................................................5 2.1 General Information about Suicide.................................................5 2.2 Suicide & Military Personnel.............................................................7 2.3 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).........................................8 2.4 Prevalence of PTSD among Veterans...........................................10 2.5 PTSD & Suicide...

Villarreal, Edgar Javier

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

32

Traumatic brain injury and recovery mechanisms: peptide modulation of periventricular neurogenic regions by the choroid plexusCSF nexus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

re?ects trauma sequelae in brain. S100B has also been testedhyperthermia challenges to brain when delivered to CNS viaeffectively protects the brain against edema (Naka- machi et

Johanson, Conrad; Stopa, Edward; Baird, Andrew; Sharma, Hari

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Traumatic brain injury and recovery mechanisms: peptide modulation of periventricular neurogenic regions by the choroid plexusCSF nexus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model Baboon Lateral head movement acceleration (diffuse injury) Rat (male Wistar) Single blast,blast waves or other TBI-induc- tion procedures (Table 1). The diffuse injury model,

Johanson, Conrad; Stopa, Edward; Baird, Andrew; Sharma, Hari

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg22 eople suffering from brain diseases and conditions ranging from traumatic brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEALTH EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg22 P eople suffering from brain diseases and conditions ranging from traumatic brain injury to brain cancer to progressive brain disorders could be helped if therapeu- tic drugs could be easily delivered to the affected areas. The blood-brain barrier (BBB

Hone, James

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - artery injury model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering... RESEARCH INTERESTS Biomechanics of injury, particularly traumatic brain injury. Pediatric head ... Source: Bamberg, Stacy Morris - Department of Mechanical...

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - artery injury complicating Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering... RESEARCH INTERESTS Biomechanics of injury, particularly traumatic brain injury. Pediatric head ... Source: Bamberg, Stacy Morris - Department of Mechanical...

37

acute arterial injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acute kidney Bushman, Frederic 2 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Engineering Websites Summary: 6122013 1 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in...

38

acute glomerular injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acute kidney Bushman, Frederic 2 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Engineering Websites Summary: 6122013 1 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in...

39

acute radiation injuries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acute kidney Bushman, Frederic 2 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Engineering Websites Summary: 6122013 1 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in...

40

acute radiation injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acute kidney Bushman, Frederic 2 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Engineering Websites Summary: 6122013 1 Acute Injury Phase Clinical Trials in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Numerical Modeling of Brain Dynamics in Traumatic Situations -Impulsive Translations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S.A. Abstract We numerically model the brain dy- namics during and after impulsive head translations using brain injuries appear among boxers and shaken babies despite minimal rotations of their heads. Modeling head translations also helps understand the brain dynamics during head rotations about an arbitrary

Burtscher, Martin

42

Clinical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

total calories 40%-70% above basal needs Lipids 30%-40% of calories Lipid source best as MCT oil & -6

43

Skull Flexure from Blast Waves: A Mechanism for Brain Injury with Implications for Helmet Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traumatic brain injury [TBI] has become a signature injury of current military conflicts, with debilitating, costly, and long-lasting effects. Although mechanisms by which head impacts cause TBI have been well-researched, the mechanisms by which blasts cause TBI are not understood. From numerical hydrodynamic simulations, we have discovered that non-lethal blasts can induce sufficient skull flexure to generate potentially damaging loads in the brain, even without a head impact. The possibility that this mechanism may contribute to TBI has implications for injury diagnosis and armor design.

Moss, W C; King, M J; Blackman, E G

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

44

On Brain Oedema.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Traumatic brain injury and bacterial meningitis may at a glance appear as two different disease entities. The host reaction, however, to both trauma and infection (more)

Jungner, Mrten

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

E-Print Network 3.0 - acceleration head injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 2 Clinical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury Summary: -10% of patients with closed head injury (CHI) Cervical collar...

46

Woodpecker pecking: how woodpeckers avoid brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Woodpeckers are capable of repeated pecking on a tree at remarkably high decelerations (on the order of 10 000 m s?2 or 1000 g). In this paper, I re-examine previous studies of pecking and scaling effects in brain injury. ...

Gibson, Lorna

47

Skull flexure from blast waves: a mechanism for brain injury with implications for helmet design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traumatic brain injury [TBI] has become a signature injury of current military conflicts. The debilitating effects of TBI are long-lasting and costly. Although the mechanisms by which impacts cause TBI have been well researched, the mechanisms by which blasts cause TBI are not understood. Various possibilities have been investigated, but blast-induced deformation of the skull has been neglected. From numerical hydrodynamic simulations, we have discovered that nonlethal blasts can induce sufficient flexure of the skull to generate potentially damaging loads in the brain, even if no impact occurs. The possibility that this mechanism may contribute to TBI has implications for the diagnosis of soldiers and the design of protective equipment such as helmets.

Moss, W C; King, M J; Blackman, E G

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Investigation of Primary Blast Injury and Protection using Sagittal and Transverse Finite Element Head Models.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The prevalence of blast related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in recent military conflicts, attributed in part to an increased exposure to improvised explosive devices (more)

Singh, Dilaver

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdates byUser GuideHadoopUsing Wikipediafigures

50

Traumatic Brain Injury Protection: Blast Pressure Sensors in Helmets -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2Topo II:LIGHT-DUTYTransportationEffects forEnergy

51

Computational Modeling of Brain Dynamics during Repetitive Head Motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Modeling of Brain Dynamics during Repetitive Head Motions Igor Szczyrba School motions in traumatic scenarios that are as- sociated with severe brain injuries. Our results are based on the linear Kelvin-Voigt brain injury model, which treats the brain matter as a viscoelastic solid, and on our

Burtscher, Martin

52

Volume 10, No. 1 Decade of the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Winter 2014 Volume 10, No. 1 SHINING A LIGHT ON BRAIN INJURY Decade of the Brain #12;ALSO of traumatic brain injury in children 14 "Hypoxia in a box" may reveal hidden concussion damage 18 Diabetes Clark, MSN'11, builds hope and health in Uganda Decade of the BRAIN #12;From 1990 through 2000, the U

Dolbow, John

53

The Problem Montana ranks third in the nation for brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Problem Montana ranks third in the nation for brain injury fatalities, and is home to a large population of brain injury survivors suffering from the chronic effects of a these injuries. In addition, Montana has a high percentage of veterans, many returning home with TBIs. The most common causes for brain

Vonessen, Nikolaus

54

Rat injury model under controlled field-relevant primary blast conditions: Acute response to a wide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 Rat injury model under controlled field-relevant primary blast conditions: Acute response.edu Keywords: Traumatic Brain Injury, Primary Blast, Mortality, Cellular Membrane Permeability, Lung Injury the risk of sustaining blast induced injury by military personnel and civilians. The blast injury

Farritor, Shane

55

acquired brain injuries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acquired brain injuries First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Students requesting...

56

acquired brain injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acquired brain injury First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Students requesting...

57

Computational modeling of primary blast effects on the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the beginning of the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, there have been over 250,000 diagnoses of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the U.S. military, with the majority of incidents caused by improvised explosive ...

Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures Emerald Article: A study of the blast-induced brain white-matter damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures Emerald Article: A study of the blast, (2012),"A study of the blast-induced brain white-matter damage and the associated diffuse axonal injury Abstract Purpose ­ Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of the current military

Grujicic, Mica

59

Modeling of Human Brain Tissues and Head Injuries Induced by Blast and Ballistic Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can result from direct impact on the skull, leading to skull fracture and subsequent damage to the brain tissue. Such injuries are penetrating TBIs, which are mainly caused by motor vehicle accidents, sports and work related accidents, and falls...

Kulkarni, Sahil G

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

60

The influence of heterogeneous meninges on the brain mechanics under primary blast loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/interphase C. Finite element analysis Blast wave a b s t r a c t In the modeling of brain mechanics subjected mismatch. ? 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Blast-related traumatic brain injury, 88% of those injuries were caused by expo- sure to blasts resulting from improvised explosive devices

Farritor, Shane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Devastating Brain Injuries: Assessment and Management, Part I: Overview of Brain Death  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

349:667-674. 11. Capron AM. Brain death well settled yetWijdicks EFM. The diagnosis of brain death. NEJM. 2001; 344:AA. Organ preservation in a brain dead patient: information

Dixon, Tara D; Malinoski, Darren

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Preventing Concussion A concussion is a brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. But sometimes concussion can lead to long- lasting problems. The best way to protect yourself and your family to reduce the chances that you or your family members will have a concussion or more serious brain injury: Wear a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle. Buckle your child in the car using

Devoto, Stephen H.

63

Facial protective devices for blast-induced traumatic brain injury mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of the work in this thesis was to develop a finite element model of a helmet with various additional protective devices and to investigate how the personal protective equipment system affects the mechanical ...

Jason, Amanda Marie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Glucose metabolism following human traumatic brain injury: methods of assessment and pathophysiological findings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with im- proved behavioural outcomes for N-acetylcysteine amide (NACA), apparently due to maintenance of mitochondrial glutathione and mitochondrial bioenergetics, and to reduction in oxidative damage (Pandya et al. 2014). These or other mitochondrial...

Jalloh, Ibrahim; Carpenter, Keri L. H.; Helmy, Adel; Carpenter, T. Adrian; Menon, David K.; Hutchinson, Peter J.

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

65

Baroreflex Sensitivity during Positional Changes in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCLA School of Nursing 700 Tiverton Avenue Los Angeles, CAUCLA School of Nursing 700 Tiverton Avenue Los Angeles, CAUCLA School of Nursing, 700 Tiverton Avenue, Los Angeles, CA

McNair, Norma Dianne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Increased Blood Glucose is Related to Disturbed Cerebrovascular Pressure Reactivity After Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joseph Donnelly Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Box 167, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom. United Kingdom Email: jd634@cam.ac.uk Phone: +44 (0) 1223 336946 0DQXVFULSW &OLFN#3... glucose concentration impairs endothelial, and smooth muscle cell responses both in the cerebral and peripheral vasculature. Clearly, further investigation on the link between glucose and pressure reactivity in the TBI population is warranted...

Donnelly, Joseph; Sudhan, Nazneen; Varsos, Georgios V.; Nasr, Nathalie; Jalloh, Ibrahim; Liu, Xiuyun; Dias, Celeste; Sekhon, Mypinder; Carpenter, Keri L. H.; Menon, David K.; Hutchinson, Peter J.; Smielewski, Peter; Czosnyka, Marek

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Baroreflex Sensitivity during Positional Changes in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heart rate. Use of the sphygmomanometer does not allow forprovided by the sphygmomanometer is useful in the day to dayheart rate) or using a sphygmomanometer or electronic non-

McNair, Norma Dianne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Computational Modeling and Optimization of a Novel Shock Tube to Study Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Various 2D models to simulate the shock wave propagation in a shock tube to see the effects of varying shock tube geometry and working fluid on the blast profiles were developed. Ranges of different parameters evaluated are: tube length - 5ft to 25ft; tube...

Anumolu, Pratima

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline chemical injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AcroleinProtein Adducts after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Summary: Accumulation of Acrolein-Protein Adducts after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Jian Luo,1 Koji Uchida......

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid chemical injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AcroleinProtein Adducts after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Summary: Accumulation of Acrolein-Protein Adducts after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Jian Luo,1 Koji Uchida......

71

Predicting Quality of Life Five Years Following Medical Discharge for a Traumatically-Acquired Spinal Cord Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation presents the prediction of quality of life (QoL), composed of by life satisfaction and self-perceived health status, across 5 years post a spinal cord injury (SCI) hospital discharge. Predictor variables of functional independence...

Erosa, Norma

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

72

Biomechanics of brain tissue Thibault P. Prevost a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, blast/shock wave prop- agation) leading to traumatic brain injury. ? 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published, viscoelastic constitutive model. Mixed gray and white matter samples excised from the superior cortex were model was developed to account for the essential features of the tissue response over the entire

Suresh, Subra

73

Reduction in radiation-induced brain injury by use of pentobarbital or lidocaine protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To determine if barbiturates would protect brain at high doses of radiation, survival rates in rats that received whole-brain x-irradiation during pentobarbital- or lidocaine-induced anesthesia were compared with those of control animals that received no medication and of animals anesthetized with ketamine. The animals were shielded so that respiratory and digestive tissues would not be damaged by the radiation. Survival rates in rats that received whole-brain irradiation as a single 7500-rad dose under pentobarbital- or lidocaine-induced anesthesia was increased from between from 0% and 20% to between 45% and 69% over the 40 days of observation compared with the other two groups (p less than 0.007). Ketamine anesthesia provided no protection. There were no notable differential effects upon non-neural tissues, suggesting that pentobarbital afforded protection through modulation of ambient neural activity during radiation exposure. Neural suppression during high-dose cranial irradiation protects brain from acute and early delayed radiation injury. Further development and application of this knowledge may reduce the incidence of radiation toxicity of the central nervous system (CNS) and may permit the safe use of otherwise unsafe doses of radiation in patients with CNS neoplasms.

Oldfield, E.H.; Friedman, R.; Kinsella, T.; Moquin, R.; Olson, J.J.; Orr, K.; DeLuca, A.M. (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenomyosis tissue injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

tissue after compression injury. An example of 24 h after injury was shown... -bound acrolein in the spinal cord tissue after traumatic injury. (a) Western blotting analysis of...

75

Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in OEF/OIF Veterans : : A Combined Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Cortical Thickness Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

them from the effects of the blast wave. For instance, in athe neurotraumatic effects of the primary blast wave isextent that blast waves do have a deleterious effect on the

Sorg, Scott Francis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Routine Repeat Head CT may not be Indicated in Patients on Anticoagulant/Antiplatelet Therapy Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therapy is frequently employed to treat or prevent vascularare separate units which both treat this patient population,

McCammack, Kevin C.; Sadler, Charlotte; Guo, Yueyang; Ramaswamy, Raja S; Farid, Nikdokht

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway after human traumatic brain injury: microdialysis studies using 1,2-13C2 glucose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to lactate, which recycles NADH (reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide) to NAD+, enabling further glucose molecules to be processed by glycolysis. The PPP, also termed the hexose monophosphate shunt, is a biosynthetic pathway that constitutes a... to hypoxia and/or mitochondrial dysfunction, though the exact nature of the latter remains unclear. In a combined positron emission tomography (PET) (oxygen-15 and fluorodeoxyglucose (18F)) and microdialysis study, Vespa et al. (2005) reported...

Jalloh, Ibrahim; Carpenter, Keri L. H.; Grice, Peter; Howe, Duncan J.; Mason, Andrew; Gallagher, Clare N.; Helmy, Adel; Murphy, Michael P.; Menon, David K.; Carpenter, T. Adrian; Pickard, John D.; Hutchinson, Peter J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute brain injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of Wisconsin at Madison Collection: Biology and Medicine 6 CT EXAMINATION HEAD, NECK and SPINE Summary: brain damage Hydrocephalus Intracranial Abscess Meningitis...

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenite-induced oxidative injury Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

INTRODUCTION Oxidative stress has been implicated in central... Accumulation of Acrolein-Protein Adducts after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Jian Luo,1 Koji Uchida......

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - anal sphincter injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Normal and Dysphagic Swallows Summary: with neurological impairment such as brain- stem stroke, headneck injuries, and spinal cord injury with ante- rior... and the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

In vitro models for injurious compression of bovine and human articular cartilage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patients who have sustained a traumatic joint injury, such as a ligament rupture or cartilage fracture, are known to have an increased risk for the development of osteoarthritis (OA) in that joint. This has motivated the ...

Patwari, Parth, 1972-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute thermal injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

In Adult Acute Care 30-31 Ventilator Paralysis Trial 32 Ventilation - Proning 33-34 Brain Injury - Brain... infarct Acute anisocoria Neuro deficits decline clinical...

83

Helmets Designed by Supercomputers Help Warfighters at Home  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These supercomputing applications are helping protect warfighters from the blast waves produced by explosions that cause traumatic brain injury (TBI).

84

The Inverting Effect of Curvature in Winter Terrain Park Jump Takeoffs J. A. McNeil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ackery, et al. [6] found evidence of an increasing incidence of traumatic brain injury and spinal cord

85

BIOSIGNAL 2004, extended abstract Complex Analysis of Intracranial Hypertension in Traumatic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOSIGNAL 2004, extended abstract Complex Analysis of Intracranial Hypertension in Traumatic Brain from a stable state of normal ICP (hypertension (ICH; ICP > 25 mm of intracranial hypertension: (1) the difference between the minimum value in the ICH region and the maximum value

86

HEAD INJURY ASSESSMENT IN JUVENILE CHINOOK USING THE ALPHA II-SPECTRIN BIOMARKER: EFFECTS OF PRESSURE CHANGES AND PASSAGE THROUGH A REMOVABLE SPILLWAY WEIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cytoskeletal protein alpha II-spectrin has specifi c neurodegenerative mechanisms that allow the necrotic (injury-induced) and apoptotic (non-injury-induced) pathways of proteolysis to be differentiated in an immunoblot. Consequently, ?II-spectrin breakdown products (SBDPs) are potential biomarkers for diagnosing traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of the following investigation, consisting of two studies, was to evaluate the utility of the spectrin biomarker in diagnosing TBI in fi sh that travel through hydroelectric dams in the Columbia and Snake Rivers. The fi rst study used hyperbaric pressure chambers to simulate the pressure changes that affect fi sh during passage through a Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) Kaplan turbine. The second study tested the effect of a removable spillway weir (RSW) on the passage of juvenile chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). This study was conducted in tandem with a balloon-tag study by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Brain samples from fi sh were collected and analyzed using an immunoblot for SBDPs, and imaging software was used to quantify the protein band density and determine the ratio of cleaved protein to total protein. The biomarker analyses found higher SBDP expression levels in fi sh that were exposed to lower pressure nadirs and fi sh that passed through the RSW at a deep orientation. In general, the incidence of injuries observed after treatment positively correlated with expression levels, suggesting that the biomarker method of analysis is comparable to traditional methods of injury assessment. It was also found that, for some treatments, the 110 kDa spectrin fragment (SBDP 110) correlated more strongly with necrotic head injury incidence and mortality rates than did the total cleaved protein or the 120 kDa fragment. These studies will be informative in future decisions regarding the design of turbines and fi sh passage structures in hydroelectric dams and will hopefully contribute to the development of faster and more accurate techniques for diagnosing TBI in fi sh.

Jonason, C.; Miracle, A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired developmental brain Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Psychology, Brain and Development Laboratory Collection: Biology and Medicine 45 Running head: DEVELOPMENT AND EARLY FOCAL BRAIN INJURY Linguistic, Cognitive and Affective...

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired brain damage Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain Injury, Seizures & Epilepsy Concussion A mild... The blood vessels in the brain may stretch and cranial nerves may be damaged - No bleeding, closed head... : two to...

89

Traumatic Inferior Gluteal Artery Pseudoaneurysm and Arteriovenous Fistula Managed with Emergency Transcatheter Embolization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a case of blunt trauma to the buttock resulting in an inferior gluteal artery pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula. The characteristic diagnostic features on CT angiography and digital subtraction angiography (DSA), along with the emergency percutaneous management of this traumatic vascular injury, are described. A review of the literature demonstrates inferior gluteal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare condition, while successful treatment with glue embolization is previously unreported.

Keeling, A. N. [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Academic Radiology (Ireland); Naughton, P. A.; Leahy, A. L. [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (Ireland); Lee, M. J., E-mail: mlee@rcsi.i [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Academic Radiology (Ireland)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

anticoagulation therapy mr-tomographische: Topics by E-print...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

be Indicated in Patients on AnticoagulantAntiplatelet Therapy Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: head injury and an...

91

anticoagulant therapy re-ly: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

be Indicated in Patients on AnticoagulantAntiplatelet Therapy Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: head injury and an...

92

antiplatelet therapy i prevention: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

be Indicated in Patients on AnticoagulantAntiplatelet Therapy Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: head injury and an...

93

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

Idoguchi, Koji, E-mail: idoguchi@ares.eonet.ne.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Nomura, Yoshikatsu [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Okita, Yutaka [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Covered Stent-Graft Treatment of Traumatic Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysms: A Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objective. To review the literature concerning the management with placement of covered stent-grafts of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) resulting from penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures. Method. We have reviewed, from the Medline database, all the published cases in the English literature since 1990 and we have added a new case. Results. We identified 20 patients with traumatic extracranial ICA pseudoaneurysms due to penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures who had been treated with covered stent-graft implantation. Many discrepancies have been ascertained regarding the anticoagulation therapy. In 3 patients the ICA was totally occluded in the follow-up period, giving an overall occlusion rate 15%. No serious complication was reported as a result of the endovascular procedure. Conclusion. Preliminary results suggest that placement of stent-grafts is a safe and effective method of treating ICA traumatic pseudoaneurysms resulting from penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures. The immediate results are satisfactory when the procedure takes place with appropriate anticoagulation therapy. The periprocedural morbidity and mortality and the early patency are also acceptable. A surveillance program with appropriate interventions to manage restenosis may improve the long-term patency.

Maras, Dimitrios; Lioupis, Christos [Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Department of Vascular Surgery (Greece)], E-mail: lioupisC@panafonet.gr; Magoufis, George; Tsamopoulos, Nikolaos [Henry Dynant Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology (Greece); Moulakakis, Konstantinos; Andrikopoulos, Vasilios [The Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Department of Vascular Surgery (Greece)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

, SEYMOUR AND MacGREGOR COGNlTlYb NEUROPSYCHOLOGY. IdyslexIa. Brain. 102. 4363.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.T. (1980) Word-form dyslexIa. Brain. 102. 4363. REFERENCENOTES On Reducing Language to Biology I. Holmes. J. M. (1973) Dyslexia: a lIeurolinguistic study 0/ traumatic and developmental disorders 0/ reading

Mehler, Jacques

96

Brain Imaging Findings in Neuropathic Pain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Imaging Findings in Neuropathic Pain Paul Y. Geha, MD and A. Vania Apkarian, PhD* Address (posther- petic neuralgia), then the spinal cord (postspinal cord injury pain), to the brain itself mechanisms; hence, they assume implicitly or explicitly that the rest of the brain passively responds

Apkarian, A. Vania

97

Material-modeling and structural-mechanics aspects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Material-modeling and structural-mechanics aspects of the traumatic brain injury problem M for causing traumatic brain injury. Design/methodology/approach ­ Two levels of blast peak overpressure were computational investigation of impact on a human skull/brain assembly. Keywords Brain, Injuries, Modeling

Grujicic, Mica

98

Intracranial Pressure Increases during Exposure to a Shock Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Afghanistan. The extent of a blast TBI, especially initially, is difficult to diagnose, as internal injuries pressure; overpressure; traumatic brain injury Introduction Blast traumatic brain injuries (blast TBI of the mechanism of injury of TBI after exposure to blast. Substantial resources have been spent on the IED problem

VandeVord, Pamela

99

Original Contrbution Induction of oxidative and nitrosative damage leads to cerebrovascular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inflammation in an animal model of mild traumatic brain injury induced by primary blast P.M. Abdul) causes the development of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) during a primary blast-wave spectrum.S. soldiers exposed to blast-wave pressure and combat experiences without any physical brain injury during

Farritor, Shane

100

www.elsevier.com/locate/jmbbm Available online at www.sciencedirect.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compression Solid­fluid interaction Extracellular fluid Models of injury Permeability Rat brain a b s t r a c in the initial cause of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Exposure to an external blast or to an impact may t The mechanical processes that underlie mild traumatic brain injury from physical insults are not well understood

Maryland at College Park, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Detection of Early Morning Daily Activities with Static Home and Wearable Wireless Nuri Firat Ince1, 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or a penetrating injury to the head. In general, the frontal part of the brain is damaged in TBI cases. The frontal monitoring system for assisting patients with cognitive impairments due to traumatic brain injury (TBI tasks respectively. Keywords: Traumatic Brain Injury, Cognitively Impaired, Wearable Sensors, Wireless

Minnesota, University of

102

Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES: Ankle injuries can be acute or chronic in nature. Inverting (turning in) of the ankle, accounts for most acute injuries. Damage occurs when ankle is twisted or moved beyond its normal range. Overuse of the ankle can cause tearing of the ligaments or strain tendon fibers

Virginia Tech

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-related brain damage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computational Studies of Strain Exposures in Neonate and Mature Rat Brains during Closed Head Impact ANNA... brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of death in childhood, and...

104

On the Role of a Nonlinear Stress-Strain Relation in Brain Trauma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Role of a Nonlinear Stress-Strain Relation in Brain Trauma Igor Szczyrba School-strain relation (that leads to a stiffening of the brain matter under strain) influences the brain dynamics head using our generalization of the viscoelastic Kelvin-Voigt brain injury model that includes

Burtscher, Martin

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - acutely injured patient Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TREE ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM A NEUROLOGICAL INTENSIVE Forecasting recovery after traumatic brain injury using intelligent data analysis Summary: adult head injured patients were...

106

Engineering in Action Engineering Challenge Camp  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cafeteria 9:00 a.m. Air Pressure Activity 211 ESB Dr. Fei Dai 10:00 a.m. Traumatic Brain Injury Detection G

Mohaghegh, Shahab

107

Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAPER Mechanics of blast loading on the head models in the study of traumatic brain injury using.1007/s10237-012-0421-8 Mechanics of blast loading on the head models in the study of traumatic brain. To understand the interactions of blast waves on the head and brain and to identify the mech- anisms of injury

Farritor, Shane

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - athletic injuries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the time of injury the following chain of command would be used... or is notified by the head athletic trainer of a ... Source: O'Toole, Alice J. - School of Behavioral and Brain...

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - athletic association injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the time of injury the following chain of command would be used... or is notified by the head athletic trainer of a ... Source: O'Toole, Alice J. - School of Behavioral and Brain...

110

Detrimental Effects of Uncontrollable Stimulation on Recovery After Spinal Cord Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using a spinal contusion surgery on rats to simulate spinal cord injury, and uncontrollable shock to act as pain signals from peripheral injury. Although it is known that the brain is necessary for this destructive effect to occur, it is not known...

Hudson, Kara

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

111

Brain Gym.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This study sought to determine the potential impact a program of exercises known as Brain Gym has on students' attention and ability to focus (more)

Ramsperger, Elizabeth Anne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

International Journal of Applied Mechanics Vol. 3, No. 4 (2011) 803823  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the blast-induced brain injury. Keywords: Brain; hyper-viscoelastic material model; high frequency; finite of the brain under blast loading conditions. An appropriate material model of the brain is essential to predict strain; blast wave. 1. Introduction Complete understanding of mild traumatic brain injuries (TBI) induced

Farritor, Shane

113

Development of a helmet liner for protection against blast induced trauma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traumatic brain injuries caused by shock waves have attracted increased medical and scientific attention due to the large percentage of combat troops that have sustained such injuries in recent conflict theatres. To this ...

Christou, George Alexander

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Brain-Computer Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I \\ November 16, 2008). CNN. Brain in a dish ?ies ?ightREFERENCES Adams, Ray. Brain Computer Interfaces: Psychologyaccessed Biever, Celeste. Brain cells in a dish ?y ?ghter

Aggarwal, Khushbu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Vortices in Brain waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003). Vortices in Brain Waves 62. M. E. Raichle, ScienceVORTICES IN BRAIN WAVES WALTER J. FREEMAN Department ofthat is recorded in brain waves (electroencephalogram, EEG).

Freeman, Walter J III; Vitiello, Giuseppe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Gene-supplemented collagen scaffolds for non-viral gene delivery for brain tissue engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent advances in tissue engineering, combining an extracellular matrix (ECM)-like vehicle with therapeutic molecules, cells and/or genes has yielded promising results for brain injury repair. The purpose of this thesis ...

Bolliet, Catherine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

neuroscience / brain & mind neuroscience / brain & mind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neuroscience / brain & mind #12;neuroscience / brain & mind Investment Construction of new Centre for Brain & Mind $3.6million External funding for researchers $60million Provincial investment in a 3T and one of three 7T MRI in the world $12million #12;neuroscience / brain & mind Recruitment and Building

Denham, Graham

118

Combat-related blast injuries : injury types and outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

blast and PTSD diagnosis as covariates. The interaction of PTSD and injury severity was initially assessed prior to model

Eskridge, Susan Lindsay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

D E P A R T M E N T O F M E C H A N I C A L E N G I N E E R I N G A . J A M E S C L A R K S C H O O L O F E N G I N E E R I N G  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEURO-IMAGING, MODELING, SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF BLAST RELATED TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.cecd.umd.edu #12;1 FOREWORD Blast-associated brain trauma is the signature injury of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars (TBI). The most common cause of these catastrophic injuries has been exposure to blasts associated

Maryland at College Park, University of

120

Vortices in Brain waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Burke and M. D. Holmes, Human Brain Mapping 19(4), 248 7. W.20. W. J. Freeman, How Brains Make Up Their Minds (Columbiaand K. Yasue, Quantum Brain Dynamics and Consciousness (John

Freeman, Walter J III; Vitiello, Giuseppe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Singing the Brain Electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Singing the Brain Electric Brain pacemakers, scientists have found, can treat depression by correcting neural circuitry gone haywire. This thesis examines how such technology - a technique known as deep-brain stimulation, ...

Chua, Grace (Grace W. J.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Assessing Visuospatial Neglect in Children with Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. While some individual adult tests have been modified for use with children, no standardized battery to assess VSN in young children currently exists. The present study investigated the reliability and validity of a five-task neuropsychological testing...

Wahlberg, Andrea Christine

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Gene expression abnormalities in the autistic brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 Early Brain Overgrowth13 Discontinuous brainpostmortem brain ______________________________________ 33

Chow, Maggie Lok Mun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Human Functional Brain Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human Functional Brain Imaging 1990­2009 September 2011 Portfolio Review Summary Brain Imaging #12 Dale ­ one of our first Trustees. Understanding the brain remains one of our key strategic aims today three-fold: · to identify the key landmarks and influences on the human functional brain imaging

Rambaut, Andrew

125

Study of an advanced helmet liner concept to reduce TBI : experiments & simulation using sandwich structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large percentage of combat troops suffered Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) due to Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in recent wars in the Middle East. The majority of TBIs were caused by exposure to blast waves. Use of ...

Goel, Rahul, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Radial Glial Cell Line C6-R Integrates Preferentially in Adult White Matter and Facilitates Migration of Coimplanted Neurons in Vivo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

larger volume than neurons alone or neurons coimplanted with fibro- blasts. In brains preinjured migration that may facilitate development of experimental models for neural trans- plantation cerebrovascular disease, degenerative dementias, cerebellar degeneration, and traumatic injuries of the head

Fischer, Itzhak

127

Porcine head response to blast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent studies have shown an increase in the frequency of traumatic brain injuries related to blast exposure. However, the mechanisms that cause blast neurotrauma are unknown. Blast neurotrauma research using computational ...

Nyein, Michelle K.

128

Zrich, den 31. Mai 2001 Bildungsdirektion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Zürich ,,The significance of Fas/Apo-1 in the pathophyisology of traumatic brain injury" Marti Lukas M-Rekonstruktion des Dickdarmes aus einem digitalen, anatomischen Datensatz" Peternac Daniel, von Neuhausen am

Zürich, Universität

129

Treatment of a Traumatic Celiac Trunk Detachment by Bridging with a Stent Graft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traumatic detachment of the celiac trunk from the abdominal aorta is a rare clinical situation, and proper treatment options have not been established. We report a patient with traumatic separation of the celiac trunk treated by bridging with a covered stent between the celiac trunk and abdominal aorta.

Choi, In Young; Chung, Hwan Hoon, E-mail: chungmic@korea.ac.kr; Lee, Seung Hwa, E-mail: yaaong@hitel.net; Cho, Sung Bum, E-mail: anglercho@gmail.com; Kim, Yun Hwan, E-mail: yhkku@korea.ac.kr; Seo, Bo Kyoung, E-mail: seoboky@korea.ac.kr; Seo, Hyung-Seok, E-mail: casebase@hanmail.net [Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Optogenetic Brain Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain is a large network of interconnected neurons where each cell functions as a nonlinear processing element. Unraveling the mysteries of information processing in the complex networks of the brain requires versatile ...

Pashaie, Ramin

131

Mechanisms of brain ventricle development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain ventricles are a conserved system of fluid-filled cavities within the brain that form during the earliest stages of brain development. Abnormal brain ventricle development has been correlated with neurodevelopmental ...

Lowery, Laura Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

NAVIGATING THE BRAIN'S MYSTERIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C C C A A A A G A G G D D D D D F D F F F H H H E E E E FHE E B B B C E B NAVIGATING THE BRAIN of the brain-- one that shows its complex trafficking across trillions of neuronal connections. Addressing: outlining "the next great American project," the BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative

133

I am John's Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain and its "agent" debate the provenance of thoughts in the charming language of an old Readers Digest article.

Clark, Andy

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Human Functional Brain Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human Functional Brain Imaging 1990­2009 September 2011 Portfolio Review #12;2 | Portfolio Review: Human Functional Brain ImagingThe Wellcome Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales, no's role in supporting human functional brain imaging and have informed `our' speculations for the future

Rambaut, Andrew

135

Blast-Induced Biomechanical Loading of the Rat: An Experimental and Anatomically Accurate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Blast Injury Model Aravind Sundaramurthy, Aaron Alai, Shailesh Ganpule, Aaron Holmberg, Erwan head injuries. This has led to an increased number of blast studies of animal models, head surrogates traumatic brain injury (TBI) in soldiers and civilians. In vivo animal models that use shock tubes

Farritor, Shane

136

Blast-induced phenotypic switching in cerebral vasospasm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the cerebrovasculature is a common manifestation of blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) reported among combat is not required for vasospasm in bTBI, which suggests that the unique mechanics of blast injury could potentiate. These results suggest that an acute, blast-like injury is sufficient to induce a hypercontraction

Parker, Kevin Kit

137

(This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An in vitro injury model for SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells: Effect of strain and strain rate Maciej Skotak, Fang injury model wherein a wide range of strain () and strain rate ( ) can be precisely and independently encounter during either blunt or blast impact-induced traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). In combination

Farritor, Shane

138

The Brain Basis of Emotions 1 BRAIN BASIS OF EMOTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Brain Basis of Emotions 1 BRAIN BASIS OF EMOTION The brain basis of emotion: A meta, Building 149 Charlestown, MA 02129 lindqukr@nmr.mgh.harvard.edu #12;The Brain Basis of Emotions 2 Abstract Researchers have wondered how the brain creates emotions since the early days of psychological science

Barrett, Lisa Feldman

139

A First-Order Mechanical Device to Model Traumatized Craniovascular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This secondary response, in turn, causes cell death and potentially permanent impairment, all of which is further exacerbated by au- toregulatory dysfunction. Recovery is unpredictable and most cognitive improvement comes, but the endpoint for partial or full recovery is unknown. Modeling of injury causation and the resulting

140

The Brain's Inner Workings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Architecture of the Brain ......................................................................... 18 Activity to one another. Even single-celled organisms can respond to envir They can also coordinate

Bandettini, Peter A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Adaptive Personalisation for Researcher-Independent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Personalisation for Researcher-Independent Brain-Body Interface Usage Abstract In this case study, we report what we believe to be the first prolonged in-situ use of a brain-body interface for rehabilitation of individuals with severe neurological impairment due to traumatic brain injury

Boetticher, Gary D.

142

International Human Capital Formation, Brain Drain and Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems, individuals' abilities, sunk educational investment costs, government grants, and expected capital formation, brain gain, brain drain, international migration, sunk costs, educational grants

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

RICE UNIVERSITY ACCIDENT/INJURY REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICE UNIVERSITY ACCIDENT/INJURY REPORT Please Print Section A: Details of incident Injury Work Exposure to radiation Mental stress factors Noise Insect/animal bite Vehicle accident Slip

Natelson, Douglas

144

Spatiotemporal brain imaging and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis integrates hardware development, data analysis, and mathematical modeling to facilitate our understanding of brain cognition. Exploration of these brain mechanisms requires both structural and functional knowledge ...

Lin, Fa-Hsuan, 1972-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Portable MRI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project proposes to: (1) provide the power of MRI to situations where it presently isn't available; (2) perform the engineering required to move from lab to a functional prototype; and (3) leverage significant existing infrastructure and capability in ultra-low field MRI. The reasons for doing this: (1) MRI is the most powerful tool for imaging soft-tissue (e.g. brain); (2) Billions don't have access due to cost or safety issues; (3) metal will heat/move in high magnetic fields; (4) Millions of cases of traumatic brain injury in US alone; (5) even more of non-traumatic brain injury; (6) (e.g. stroke, infection, chemical exposure); (7) Need for early diagnostic; (8) 'Signature' wound of recent conflicts; (9) 22% of injuries; (10) Implications for post-traumatic stress disorder; and (11) chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

Espy, Michelle A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

146

Refinery, petrochemical plant injuries decline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Petroleum Refiners Association (NPRA) reports a 7% reduction in workplace injury and illness incidence rates for refineries in 1993, and a 21% decrease for petrochemical plants. The report summarizes data from 135 of the 162 US member refineries, and 117 of the 172 US member petrochemical plants. This paper summarizes the report findings.

Not Available

1994-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

147

The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne Café Email list https://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe #12;The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday

Collar, Juan I.

148

Irradiation Alters MMP-2/TIMP-2 System and Collagen Type IV Degradation in Brain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption is one of the major consequences of radiation-induced normal tissue injury in the central nervous system. We examined the effects of whole-brain irradiation on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)/tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation in the brain. Methods and Materials: Animals received either whole-brain irradiation (a single dose of 10 Gy {gamma}-rays or a fractionated dose of 40 Gy {gamma}-rays, total) or sham-irradiation and were maintained for 4, 8, and 24 h following irradiation. mRNA expression levels of MMPs and TIMPs in the brain were analyzed by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The functional activity of MMPs was measured by in situ zymography, and degradation of ECM was visualized by collagen type IV immunofluorescent staining. Results: A significant increase in mRNA expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 was observed in irradiated brains compared to that in sham-irradiated controls. In situ zymography revealed a strong gelatinolytic activity in the brain 24 h postirradiation, and the enhanced gelatinolytic activity mediated by irradiation was significantly attenuated in the presence of anti-MMP-2 antibody. A significant reduction in collagen type IV immunoreactivity was also detected in the brain at 24 h after irradiation. In contrast, the levels of collagen type IV were not significantly changed at 4 and 8 h after irradiation compared with the sham-irradiated controls. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates for the first time that radiation induces an imbalance between MMP-2 and TIMP-2 levels and suggests that degradation of collagen type IV, a major ECM component of BBB basement membrane, may have a role in the pathogenesis of brain injury.

Lee, Won Hee [School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia (United States); Warrington, Junie P.; Sonntag, William E. [Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (United States); Lee, Yong Woo, E-mail: ywlee@vt.edu [School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia (United States); Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute colonic injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

after handling acutely toxic gases. Designated area Source: Collection: Chemistry 34 Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES Summary: Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES: Ankle...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute tracheobronchial injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

after handling acutely toxic gases. Designated area Source: Collection: Chemistry 26 Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES Summary: Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES: Ankle...

151

Children's Brain Development Benefits from Longer Gestation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping of the Human Brain. NeuroImage, Sendai, Japan.2005). Regional deficits in brain volume in schizophrenia: areso- nance imaging of brain development in premature and

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Genomic mosaicism in the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zlokovic BV (2008) The blood-brain barrier in health andmosaicism in the human brain . Chapter Threethe Alzheimers disease brain . Chapter Five DNA

Westra, Jurjen Willem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

MR imaging of the fetal brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development of the fetal brain by MRI. Semin Perinatol 33:determination in normal fetal brain: a prenatal MR imagingin intrauterine fetal brain development. In: Abstracts of

Glenn, Orit A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Brain Energy Metabolism During Experimental Neonatal Seizures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

premature or term neonate, brain ATP concentrations measuredreversible energy loss in the hypoxic immature rat brain.Brain Res Dev Brain Res 73(1):99105 20. King LJ, Lowry OH,

Wasterlain, Claude G.; Thompson, Kerry W.; Suchomelova, Lucie; Niquet, Jerome

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

for the brain SPRING 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-ins for the brain SPRING · 2012 NATURE'S SOLARCELLS Learning from diatoms · 28 HANNIBAL'S HEAD

Malinnikova, Eugenia

156

Complex Systems and Brain Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences Charles E. Schmidt College of Science www.ccs.fau.edu #12;Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences Our Mission The mission of the Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences is to understand the principles and mechanisms underlying complex behavior

Fernandez, Eduardo

157

aviation crash injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aircraft Accident," Crash Injury Res., Phoenix, Arizona (October 18, 1961). 4. Bruggink, G. M. eta., "Injury Reduction Trends in Agricultural Aviation," A m-MnM 35,...

158

Methods for assisting recovery of damaged brain and spinal cord using arrays of X-ray microplanar beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of assisting recovery of an injury site of brain or spinal cord injury includes providing a therapeutic dose of X-ray radiation to the injury site through an array of parallel microplanar beams. The dose at least temporarily removes regeneration inhibitors from the irradiated regions. Substantially unirradiated cells surviving between the microplanar beams migrate to the in-beam irradiated portion and assist in recovery. The dose may be administered in dose fractions over several sessions, separated in time, using angle-variable intersecting microbeam arrays (AVIMA). Additional doses may be administered by varying the orientation of the microplanar beams. The method may be enhanced by injecting stem cells into the injury site.

Dilmanian, F. Avraham; McDonald III, John W.

2007-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

159

Methods for assisting recovery of damaged brain and spinal cord using arrays of X-Ray microplanar beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of assisting recovery of an injury site of brain or spinal cord injury includes providing a therapeutic dose of X-ray radiation to the injury site through an array of parallel microplanar beams. The dose at least temporarily removes regeneration inhibitors from the irradiated regions. Substantially unirradiated cells surviving between the microplanar beams migrate to the in-beam irradiated portion and assist in recovery. The dose may be administered in dose fractions over several sessions, separated in time, using angle-variable intersecting microbeam arrays (AVIMA). Additional doses may be administered by varying the orientation of the microplanar beams. The method may be enhanced by injecting stem cells into the injury site.

Dilmanian, F. Avraham (Yaphank, NY); McDonald, III, John W. (Baltimore, MD)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

160

Long-term Neurological Outcomes in Adults with Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage Admitted to ICU versus Floor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mechanism of injury, initial ED GCS score, initial systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate, and respiratory rate, revised trauma score (physiological scoring system

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Problemstellung "Brain Drain" bzw. "Brain Gain" in der Region Niedersterreich-Mitte.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Die vorliegende Diplomarbeit befasst sich mit dem Thema des Brain Drain und Brain Gain in der Region Niedersterreich Mitte. Unter "Brain Drain" versteht man die (more)

Binder, Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Life Satisfaction Over the First Five Years Following Burn Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

participants had injury ratings of minor (17%; n = 43; injury rating of 1), critical (7%; n = 17; injury rating of 4), severe (3%; n = 7; injury rating of 5), and unsurvivable (> 1%; n = 1, injury rating of 6). 23 Participants were recruited as part of a... OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Timothy R. Elliott Committee Members, Oi-man Kwok Charles D. Phillips Kimberly Vannest Head of Department, Victor L. Willson August 2012 Major Subject: Counseling Psychology iii ABSTRACT Life...

Hoskins, Jessica Lynne

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

163

Interference Effects in the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference effects are the most spectacular manifestation of the wave nature of phenomena. This note proposes a systematic search for such effects in the brain.

Jerzy Szwed

2008-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

164

Metastasis Infiltration: An Investigation of the Postoperative Brain-Tumor Interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: This study aims to evaluate brain infiltration of metastatic tumor cells past the main tumor resection margin to assess the biological basis for the use of stereotactic radiosurgery treatment of the tumor resection cavity and visualized resection edge or clinical target volume. Methods and Materials: Resection margin tissue was obtained after gross total resection of a small group of metastatic lesions from a variety of primary sources. The tissue at the border of the tumor and brain tissue was carefully oriented and processed to evaluate the presence of tumor cells within brain tissue and their distance from the resection margin. Results: Microscopic assessment of the radially oriented tissue samples showed no tumor cells infiltrating the surrounding brain tissue. Among the positive findings were reactive astrocytosis observed on the brain tissue immediately adjacent to the tumor resection bed margin. Conclusions: The lack of evidence of metastatic tumor cell infiltration into surrounding brain suggests the need to target only a narrow depth of the resection cavity margin to minimize normal tissue injury and prevent treatment size-dependent stereotactic radiosurgery complications.

Raore, Bethwel [Department of Neurological Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Schniederjan, Matthew [Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Prabhu, Roshan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Brat, Daniel J. [Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Shu, Hui-Kuo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Olson, Jeffrey J., E-mail: jolson@emory.edu [Department of Neurological Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

brain control of coughing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is an overwhelming body of evidence to support the existence of higher brain circuitries involved in the sensory detection of airways irritation and the motor control of coughing. The concept that cough is purely a reflex response to airways irritation is now superseded by the recognition that perception of an urge-to-cough and altered behavioral modification of coughing are key elements of cough disorders associated with airways disease. Understanding the pathways by which airway sensory nerves ascend into the brain and the patterns of neural activation associated with airways irritation will undoubtedly provide new insights into disordered coughing. This brief review aims to explore our current understanding of higher order cough networks by summarizing data from recent neuroanatomical and functional studies in animals and humans. We provide evidence for the existence of distinct higher order network components involved in the discrimination of signals arising from the airways and the motor control of coughing. The identification of these network components provides a blueprint for future research and the development of targeted managements for cough and the urge-to-cough. John Widdicombe remembered In 2002, while holidaying in London, I (SBM) received a pleasant email invitation to join John and his wife

Stuart B Mazzone; Alice E Mcgovern; Seung-kwon Yang; Ariel Woo; Ayaka Ando; Jennifer Leech; Michael J Farrell

166

Vascular pathology in the aged human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vascular pathology, and the AD brain. Neurology 65: 259265brospinal ?uid from the rat brain. Acta Neuropathol (Berl)and Alzheimers disease in the brains of elderly individuals

Grinberg, Lea Tenenholz; Thal, Dietmar Rudolf

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Brain MRI Classification using the Expectation Maximization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain MRI Classification using the Expectation Maximization made a brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) classification algorithm that uses a twostage applied to a set of normal brain MR images for further testing. We accomplished a working

Chen, Tsuhan

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - ankle injuries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ankle injuries Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ankle Injury TYPES OF ANKLE INJURIES Summary:...

169

Risk factors for ankle sprain injury in male amateur soccer players: A prospective cohort study.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Background: Ankle sprain injuries account for around 20% of all soccer injuries and more than 80% of all ankle injuries. Seventy four percent of the (more)

Vereijken, A.J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print Wednesday, 28 January 2015 00:00 With an aging population in...

171

Rapid brain scanning radiopharmaceutical  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting the blood flow in animals, particularly in the brain, is provided wherein a detectable amount of a novel radioactive compound of the formula I is administered to one animal: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are independently alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms or benzyl; R.sub.3 is alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, benzyl, cyclopropylalkyl of 4 to 6 carbon atoms, or cyanoalkyl of 2 to 6 carbon atoms; R.sub.4 is hydrogen, benzyl or alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms; with the provisos that R.sub.4 is not isopropyl and when R.sub.4 is methyl, R.sub.3 is not benzyl; and X is a radioactive halogen.

Sargent, III, Thornton W. (Berkeley, CA); Shulgin, Alexander T. (Lafayette, CA); Mathis, Chester A. (Oakland, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Rapid brain scanning radiopharmaceutical  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting the blood flow in animals, particularly in the brain, is provided wherein a detectable amount of a novel radioactive compound of the formula 1 is administered to one animal: as given in figure in patent wherein R[sub 1] and R[sub 2] are independently alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms or benzyl; R[sub 3] is alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, benzyl, cyclopropylalkyl of 4 to 6 carbon atoms, or cyanoalkyl of 2 to 6 carbon atoms; R[sub 4] is hydrogen, benzyl or alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms; with the provisos that R[sub 4] is not isopropyl and when R[sub 4] is methyl, R[sub 3] is not benzyl; and X is a radioactive halogen. 2 figs.

Sargent, T.W. III; Shulgin, A.T.; Mathis, C.A.

1987-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

173

Injury experience in stone mining, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) informational report reviews in detail the occupational injury and illness experience of stone mining in the United States for 1992. Data reported by operators of mining establishments concerning work injuries are summarized by work location, accident classification, part of body injured, nature of injury, occupation, and principal type of mineral. Related information on employment, worktime, and operating activity also is presented. Data reported by independent contractors performing certain work at mining locations are depicted separately in this report. For ease of comparison with other metal and nonmetallic mineral mining industries and with coal mining, summary reference tabulations are included at the end of both the operator and the contractor sections of this report.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Type B Accident Investigation Board Report on the Head Injury...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on the Head Injury to a Miner at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, New Mexico - August 25, 2004 Type B Accident Investigation Board Report on the Head Injury to a Miner at...

175

Xenotransplantation of mitochondrial electron transfer enzyme, Ndi1, treats myocardial reperfusion injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transfer Enzyme, Ndi1, Treats Myocardial Reperfusion InjuryTransfer Enzyme, Ndi1, Treats Myocardial Reperfusion Injury

Perry, Cynthia Nicole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

February 8, 2006 Brain Science Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 8, 2006 Brain Science Institute Critical Period Mechanisms Research Group Laboratory the Brain Pliable Mammals have "pliable" brain functions such as "learning", "memory", "recognition", "emotion" and "decision-making". These higher-order brain functions are apparently maintained by means

Kazama, Hokto

177

BU BRAIN Self Service GRADING PROCEDURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 BU BRAIN Self Service GRADING PROCEDURES FOR FACULTY Updated May 2014/PD #12;2 Table of Contents BRAIN Self Service icon on left side of page: #12;4 Entering Grades: Once in BU BRAIN Self Service, go BRAIN Self Service; Registered ­ student registered through the department). Grade: Student's grade

Suzuki, Masatsugu

178

Whole-Brain Thinking in Systems Architecting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whole-Brain Thinking in Systems Architecting Tony Di Carlo,1, * Behrokh Khoshnevis,2 and Firdaus, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 WHOLE-BRAIN THINKING IN SYSTEMS ARCHITECTING paper explores the role of whole-brain thinking in the context of systems architecting. Brain research

Udwadia, Firdaus E.

179

Brain imaging methods used in experimental brain research such as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Functional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Brain imaging methods used in experimental brain research such as Positron Emission and are best understood in the context of the underlying 3D brain anatomy. In this paper, we present a novel Brain Mapping, Functional Imaging 1 INTRODUCTION Although the human brain is no longer the black box

Mueller, Klaus

180

BrainPrint : Identifying Subjects by their Brain Christian Wachinger1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BrainPrint : Identifying Subjects by their Brain Christian Wachinger1,2 , Polina Golland1 , Martin, Harvard Medical School Abstract. Introducing BrainPrint, a compact and discriminative rep- resentation of anatomical structures in the brain. BrainPrint captures shape information of an ensemble of cortical

Golland, Polina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A Brain-to-Brain Interface for Real-Time Sharing of Sensorimotor Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Brain-to-Brain Interface for Real-Time Sharing of Sensorimotor Information Miguel Pais-Vieira1 Safra International Institute for Neuroscience of Natal (ELS-IINN), RN 59066-060, Natal, Brazil. A brain-to-brain the brains of two rats. In this BTBI, an ``encoder'' rat performed sensorimotor tasks that required

Indiana University

182

5 Minute Brain Teaser Old vs. New Thinking Regarding the Human Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 Minute Brain Teaser Old vs. New Thinking Regarding the Human Brain Please circle the statement out of each pair that reflects the most current thinking regarding the human brain. # Statement 1. A. How a brain develops depends solely on the genes you are born with. B. Brain development depends

183

Methods for functional brain imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has demonstrated the potential for non-invasive mapping of structure and function (fMRI) in the human brain. In this thesis, we propose a series of methodological developments towards ...

Witzel, Thomas, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Ankle Injuries Approved by the UHS Patient Education Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ankle Injuries Approved by the UHS Patient Education Committee Revised 01/11/12 Page 1 of 2 There are several types of ankle injuries, some serious enough to require many months of healing and others that can heal within a few weeks. Types of Ankle Injuries Ankle Sprain: Caused by stretching or tearing of one

185

Ankle Injuries Approved by the UHS Patient Education Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ankle Injuries Approved by the UHS Patient Education Committee Revised 02/12/14 Page 1 of 2 There are several types of ankle injuries, some serious enough to require many months of healing and others that can heal within a few weeks. Types of Ankle Injuries Ankle Sprain: Caused by stretching or tearing of one

Yener, Aylin

186

To: Supervisors and Managers Subject: Computer-Related Ergonomic Injuries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To: Supervisors and Managers Subject: Computer-Related Ergonomic Injuries Date: March 14, 2007 The statistics we have collected at the Lab this year are disturbing to me in the area of ergonomic injuries from-blown injuries. Over the next seven days, all supervisors must meet with their employees, discuss good ergonomic

Knowles, David William

187

Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan Environmental Health, Safety of accidents/injuries at Stephen F. Austin State University (SFASU) and provides basic first aid practices. It is designed to help reduce injuries by reducing unsafe or hazardous conditions and discouraging accident

Long, Nicholas

188

Diffuse optical monitoring of hemodynamic changes in piglet brain with closed head injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Astronomy and Department of Radiology 209 South 33rd Street Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 and ICFO corraborates potential of the optical methods for bedside monitoring of pediatric and adult human patients

Yodh, Arjun G.

189

Functional, perfusion and diffusion MRI of acute focal ischemic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a temporal resolution of 30 mins was performed on permanent. With permanent ischemia (n ¼ 11), forepaw stimulation fMRI response in the primary somatosensory cortices was lost, although vascular coupling (CO2 response) was intact in some animals. Control experiments

Duong, Timothy Q.

190

Classification of brain compartments and head injury lesions by neural networks applied to magnetic resonance images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the limitation that they carry no infor- mation regarding the relative position of pixels with respect to each other [14] . The gray-level co-occurrence matrices (GLCM) method is a "direct approach" to texture analysis using low-level features of the image... by matrices [20]. The transformation matrices are based on the training samples and then applied to the testing samples. Given an original feature vector, x, and an f x f transformation matrix, A, the transformed vector, y, is given by [20]: ~A. E, (13...

Kischell, Eric Robert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Fatal injuries among Hispanic construction workers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Hispanic counterparts. Data was obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Texas Workforce Commission, and the United States Census Bureau on the number of Hispanics and non-Hispanics employed for Texas and the United States, the number of fatal injuries...

Bryson, Elizabeth Anne

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Injury / Incident Report INSTRUCTIONS ON REVERSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF INJURY NONE EMPLOYER PHYSICIAN EMERGENCY FAMILY PHYSICIAN OTHER PHYSICIAN / SPECIALIST TO YOUR. _________________________________________ Room #___________________ STATE EXACTLY - THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE INCIDENT, WHERE TO USE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE DEVICES 8 NOT GUARDED OR IMPROPERLY GUARDED 9 INADEQUATE ILLUMINATION 10

Hitchcock, Adam P.

193

Lung injury in dimethyl sulfate poisoning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two manual laborers were exposed to dimethyl sulfate during work and sustained mucosal injury to the eyes and respiratory tract. In one of them, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema occurred and improved with high-dose methylprednisolone. On follow-up for 10 months, this patient developed persistent productive cough with no evidence of bronchiectasis or bronchial hyperreactivity.

Ip, M.; Wong, K.L.; Wong, K.F.; So, S.Y.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

How brain images reveal cognition : an ethnographic study of meaning-making in brain mapping practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cortical surface, Human Brain Mapping, Volume 8, pp. 272-attention affects brain activity in Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci, USA,Atlas of the Human Brain, Stuttgart: Thieme. TOOTELL,

Ala?, Morana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Brain Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography: Quantification and Biomedical Applications in Alzheimer's Disease and Brain Tumors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AB, Elson LM. The human brain coloring book. 1st ed. New21. Toga AW, Mazziotta JC. Brain mapping : the systems. SanSR, Phelps ME. Imaging Brain Function with Positron Emission

Wardak, Mirwais

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Radiation Dose-Volume Effects in the Brain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have reviewed the published data regarding radiotherapy (RT)-induced brain injury. Radiation necrosis appears a median of 1-2 years after RT; however, cognitive decline develops over many years. The incidence and severity is dose and volume dependent and can also be increased by chemotherapy, age, diabetes, and spatial factors. For fractionated RT with a fraction size of <2.5 Gy, an incidence of radiation necrosis of 5% and 10% is predicted to occur at a biologically effective dose of 120 Gy (range, 100-140) and 150 Gy (range, 140-170), respectively. For twice-daily fractionation, a steep increase in toxicity appears to occur when the biologically effective dose is >80 Gy. For large fraction sizes (>=2.5 Gy), the incidence and severity of toxicity is unpredictable. For single fraction radiosurgery, a clear correlation has been demonstrated between the target size and the risk of adverse events. Substantial variation among different centers' reported outcomes have prevented us from making toxicity-risk predictions. Cognitive dysfunction in children is largely seen for whole brain doses of >=18 Gy. No substantial evidence has shown that RT induces irreversible cognitive decline in adults within 4 years of RT.

Lawrence, Yaacov Richard, E-mail: richard.lawrence@jefferson.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Li, X. Allen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); El Naqa, Issam [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO (United States); Hahn, Carol A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Marks, Lawrence B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Merchant, Thomas E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Dicker, Adam P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Role of blood-brain barrier leakage during stroke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

injury during ischemia. Stroke, 2010. Permission wasand surrounding tissue injury. Stroke. 2009 Dec;40(12):e666-surrounding tissue injury. Stroke. 2009;40:e666-674 Lo EH. A

Chen, Bo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Microglial and neuronal abnormalities in the autistic brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. , Dager, S. R. , 2002. Brain sructural abnormalities inwith autistic behavior. Brain Behav Immun 7, 97- Sparks, B.G. , Dager, S. R. , 2002. Brain sructural abnormalities in

Morgan, John T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Shock Waves (2012) 22:403415 DOI 10.1007/s00193-012-0399-2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wave profiles in simulated air blasts: experiment and computational modeling N. Chandra · S. Ganpule-Verlag 2012 Abstract Shock tubes have been extensively used in the study of blast traumatic brain injury dueShock Waves (2012) 22:403­415 DOI 10.1007/s00193-012-0399-2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Evolution of blast

Farritor, Shane

200

Continuum modeling of a neuronal cell under blast loading Antoine Jrusalem a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012 Keywords: Continuum model Neuron Blast Cell damage Traumatic brain injury a b s t r a cContinuum modeling of a neuronal cell under blast loading Antoine Jérusalem a, , Ming Dao b by proposing a continuum model of a neuronal cell submitted to blast loading. In this approach, the cytoplasm

Suresh, Subra

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

LIGHTWEIGHT Trauma MechanlC$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and human models to see how they reacted during the blast And students analyze video of the test, taken and Afghanistan returned with traumatic brain injuries, many of which were the result of improvised explosive Chandra's lab at the Univer sity of Nebraska simulate actual blasts with a piston driven by compressed

Farritor, Shane

202

Molecular-level computational investigation of shock-wave mitigation capability of polyurea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., those generated as a result of blast-wave impact). By analyzing molecular- level interactions-level material models). Extension of these relations into the ``weak-shock'' regime of interest from the traumatic brain injury prevention point of view is also discussed. Introduction Within this study, advanced

Grujicic, Mica

203

NUVABAT: Northeastern University Virtual Ankle and Balance Trainer Ye Ding1, Mark Sivak1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUVABAT: Northeastern University Virtual Ankle and Balance Trainer Ye Ding1, Mark Sivak1 , Brian-373-5274. ABSTRACT The ability to control the ankle muscles and produce adequate range ofmotion in the ankle joints, such as stroke or traumatic brain injury, frequently lose gait and balance function due in part to loss of ankle

Mavroidis, Constantinos

204

1 USNCTAM 2010 16th US National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effectiveness of helmet in mitigating early time blast induced mild traumatic brain injury. METHODOLOGY Two effectiveness of helmet. Figure 1 shows the configuration of setup. Figure 1 : Simulation setup. Frontal blast mismatch. Figure 3: Blast pressure Figure 4: Uderwash effect at air skull interface of the helmet Figure 4

Farritor, Shane

205

The estimation and use of predictions for the assessment of model performance using large samples with multiply imputed data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outcome after traumatic brain injury: Development and international validation of prognostic scores based on admission characteristics. PLoS Medicine, 5, 12511261. Vergouw, D., Heymans, M.W., Peat, G.M., Kuijpers, T., Croft, P.R., de Vet, H.C.W., et...

Wood, Angela M.; Royston, Patrick; White, Ian R.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Potential Improvements in Shock-Mitigation Efficacy of a Polyurea-Augmented Advanced Combat Helmet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polyurea internal lining/external coating to the ACH shell. Effectiveness of different ACH designsTBI. Keywords Advanced Combat Helmet, internal lining/external coating, traumatic brain injury 1. Introduction that as advanced body armor and head protection gear have greatly reduced soldier fatalities from explosion

Grujicic, Mica

207

A Note on Boltzmann Brains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the observed arrow of time is equivalent, under general assumptions, to explaining why Boltzmann brains do not overwhelm ordinary observers. It is usually thought that this provides a condition on the decay rate of every cosmologically accessible de Sitter vacuum, and that this condition is determined by the production rate of Boltzmann brains calculated using semiclassical theory built on each such vacuum. We argue, based on a recently developed picture of microscopic quantum gravitational degrees of freedom, that this thinking needs to be modified. In particular, depending on the structure of the fundamental theory, the decay rate of a de Sitter vacuum may not have to satisfy any condition except for the one imposed by the Poincare recurrence. The framework discussed here also addresses the question of whether a Minkowski vacuum may produce Boltzmann brains.

Yasunori Nomura

2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

208

BrainMap `95 workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fourth annual BrainMap workshop was held at La Mansion del Rio Hotel in San Antonio December 3--4, 1995. The conference title was ``Human Brain Mapping and Modeling.`` The meeting was attended by 137 registered participants and 30 observers from 82 institutions representing 12 countries. The meeting focused on the technical issues associated with brain mapping and modeling. A total of 23 papers were presented covering the following topics: spatial normalization and registration; functional image analysis; metanalysis and modeling; and new horizons in biological databases. The full program with abstracts was available on the Research Imaging Center`s web site. A book will be published by John Wiley and Sons prior to the end of 1998.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

209

A Note on Boltzmann Brains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the observed arrow of time is equivalent, under general assumptions, to explaining why Boltzmann brains do not overwhelm ordinary observers. It is usually thought that this provides a condition on the decay rate of every cosmologically accessible de Sitter vacuum, and that this condition is determined by the production rate of Boltzmann brains calculated using semiclassical theory built on each such vacuum. We argue, based on a recently developed picture of microscopic quantum gravitational degrees of freedom, that this thinking needs to be modified. In particular, depending on the structure of the fundamental theory, the decay rate of a de Sitter vacuum may not have to satisfy any condition except possibly the one imposed by the Poincare recurrence. The framework discussed here also addresses the question of whether a Minkowski vacuum may produce Boltzmann brains.

Yasunori Nomura

2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

210

Overcoming the blood-brain barrier to taxane delivery for brain tumors and neurodegenerative diseases and brain tumors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vessels. After the perfusion, the rat was decapitated and the brain removed for sampling of various regions. The brain tissue was digested in Solvable for 24 hrs and the radioactivity quantified via liquid scintillation spectrometry. The capillary...

Rice, Antonie; Michaelis, Mary L.; Georg, Gunda I.; Liu, Yanbin; Turunen, Brandon; Audus, Kenneth L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Chilling injury in selected cucumber cultivars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the post-harvest handling of cucumber (Cucumis sativis L. ) fruit. A seri es of experiments was performed to investigate the relative chilling sensitivity of several cucumber varieties. An initial experiment was used to select for sensitive and tolerant... varieties. Fruit treated 0 at 2 C were evaluated for water-soaking of internal tissue (WS), a subjective index of chilling injury (CI), and ethylene evolution was measured after a post-treatment warming period. Variety and duration of chilling were...

Kent, Matthew Wayne

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Mind, Brain and Education as a Framework for Curricular Reform /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eds. ). (2008). The educated brain. Cambridge: CambridgeM. M. & Gentile, D. A. (2011). Brains on video games. NatureA first course in mind, brain, and education. Mind, Brain, &

Larrison, Abigail L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Brain Research and DLM: An overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Research and DLM: An Overview Beverly J. Irby, Ed.D. Professor and Chair Sam Houston State University Rafael Lara-Alecio, Ph.D. Professor and Director Texas A&M University November 4, 2005 Basic Brain Information ? The brain research... us to ?see how mental functions map onto the brain structures? (Bruer, 1997, p. 4). Neuro- science and Education ? There are three well-established findings in developmental neurobiology: ? 1. Starting at infancy and continuing into later...

Irby, Beverly J.; Lara-Alecio, Rafael

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

214

Brain-shift aware risk map for Deep Brain Stimulation Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain-shift aware risk map for Deep Brain Stimulation Planning Bilger Alexandre 1 , Essert Caroline / Université de Strasbourg, FRANCE Abstract. In Deep Brain Stimulation surgery, the eciency of the pro- cedure of the placement is dicult due to brain shifts occurring during and after the procedure. We propose an approach

Boyer, Edmond

215

Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface Passive brain-computer interfaces are designed to use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface Abstract Passive brain-computer interfaces are designed to use brain activity as an additional input, allowing the adaptation of the interface in real time according to the user's mental state. While most current brain computer interface research (BCI) is designed for direct

Boetticher, Gary D.

216

Brain imaging methods used in experimental brain research such as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Functional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Brain imaging methods used in experimental brain research such as Positron Emission of methods create statistical parametric maps (SPMs) of the brain on a voxel- basis. In our approach, they are best understood in the context of the underly- ing 3-D brain anatomy. However, despite the power

Mueller, Klaus

217

Playing with Your Brain: Brain-Computer Interfaces and Anton Nijholt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Playing with Your Brain: Brain-Computer Interfaces and Games Anton Nijholt University of Twente role of brain-computer interaction in computer games and entertainment computing. The assumption is that brain activity, whether it is consciously controlled and directed by the user or just recorded in order

Rajamani, Sriram K.

218

Neural Plasticity in Human Brain Connectivity: The Effects of Long Term Deep Brain Stimulation of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural Plasticity in Human Brain Connectivity: The Effects of Long Term Deep Brain Stimulation of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, 3 Center of Brain and Cognition, Theoretical and Computational are now well established for deep brain stimulation, but little is known about the effects of long

Deco, Gustavo

219

Interspecies Avian Brain Chimeras Reveal That Large Brain Size Differences Are Influenced by Cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interspecies Avian Brain Chimeras Reveal That Large Brain Size Differences Are Influenced by Cell), and harvested the chimeras at later embryonic stages (between 9­12 days of incubation). The donor and host-C, Balaban E, Jarvis ED (2012) Interspecies Avian Brain Chimeras Reveal That Large Brain Size Differences

Jarvis, Erich D.

220

Words in the brain: lexical determinants of word-induced brain activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Words in the brain: lexical determinants of word-induced brain activity Lee Osterhout*, Mark Allen Abstract Many studies have shown that open- and closed-class words elicit different patterns of brain. Introduction Is the brain response to words determined primarily by their linguistic functions

Coulson, Seana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Guest Editorial: Brain/Neuronal-Computer Game Interfaces and Interaction 1. Brain-Computer Games Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guest Editorial: Brain/Neuronal-Computer Game Interfaces and Interaction 1. Brain-Computer Games are controlled through brain-computer interface (BCI) technology which requires sophisticated signal processing is a challenge being addressed by many researchers. Producing paradigms for training users to produce brain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

222

Using Brain Weight to Predict Gestation in Mammals Bivariate Fit of Gestation By Brain Weight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using Brain Weight to Predict Gestation in Mammals Bivariate Fit of Gestation By Brain Weight 0 100 200 300 400 500 Gestation 0 500 1000 1500 BrainWgt Linear Fit (All 50 mammals) Predicted Gestation = 85.248543 + 0.299867 Brain Weight Summary of Fit RSquare 0.372483 RSquare Adj 0.35941 Root Mean

Carriquiry, Alicia

223

5 Minute Brain Teaser Old vs. New Thinking Regarding the Human Brain*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 Minute Brain Teaser Old vs. New Thinking Regarding the Human Brain* Answer Key Answer Statement 1-B Brain development depends on the interplay between the genes you are born with and the experiences of the effects of genes and experiences on brain development. Is it the genetic make-up (nature) of a human

224

CORTICAL BRAIN SURFACE MAPPING FOR STUDYING PARTIAL VOLUME EFFECTS IN BRAIN FDG PET IMAGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORTICAL BRAIN SURFACE MAPPING FOR STUDYING PARTIAL VOLUME EFFECTS IN BRAIN FDG PET IMAGES Hillary PET images is confounded by tissue atrophy and partial volume effects, especially in patients-based cortical brain surface mapping technique to account for partial volume effects on brain FDG PET images

Thompson, Paul

225

Decision-support for the management of traumatically injured limb A project funded by under EPSRC's KTA Scheme ImpactQM, Sept 2010-Aug 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of limb injuries due to the nature of contemporary blast munitions, plus paradoxical improvements where the injury pattern falls to one extreme (mild limb injury, no case for amputation) or the other (severe injury, no choice BUT amputation). However, in other situations, the injured limb falls

Roelleke, Thomas

226

Children's Conceptions of the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present study explored childrens developing conceptions of the brain in order to enhance previous research and to contribute to debates regarding the nature of childrens nave biological theories. 56 participants aged 5, 7 and 9-years-old were...

McColl, Judith

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

227

Bernard J. Baars How Brain Reveals Mind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bernard J. Baars How Brain Reveals Mind Neural Studies Support the Fundamental Role of Conscious Experience Abstract: In the last decade, careful studies of the living brain have opened the way for human by seven cases: (1) the discovery of widespread brain activation during conscious perception; (2) high

Memphis, University of

228

1. Brain vs Computer Brian Whitworth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gates (McCulloch & Pitts, 1943) The brain has input/output 1012+ (thousand billion) neurons per head7/12/2011 1 1. Brain vs Computer Brian Whitworth An Overview http://brianwhitworth.com 2 Aim Compare how computers process information vs how the brain process the senses? Define the main differences

Whitworth, Brian

229

Cognitive and Brain Health Beckman Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive and Brain Health Beckman Institute FOR ADVANCED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY #12;T he factors involved in cognition and brain health are many. Beckman Institute researchers have demonstrated the links between cognitive and brain health and lifestyle choices such as exercise and social and intellectual

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

230

Brain Evolution Relevant to P. Thomas Schoenemann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Evolution Relevant to Language P. Thomas Schoenemann James Madison University 1. Introduction The evolution of language obviously presupposes a brain that made language possible. At the same time, given of the human brain must have been language. Given that language is at least as much a cultural

Schoenemann, P. Thomas

231

THE ROLE OF IMAGE REGISTRATION BRAIN MAPPING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE ROLE OF IMAGE REGISTRATION IN BRAIN MAPPING Arthur W. Toga and Paul Thompson Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Dept. of Neurology, Division of Brain Mapping, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA-5518 E-mail: thompson@loni.ucla.edu #12;2 THE ROLE OF IMAGE REGISTRATION IN BRAIN MAPPING Arthur W. Toga

Thompson, Paul

232

Brain Organization and Computation Andreas Schierwagen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Organization and Computation Andreas Schierwagen Institute for Computer Science, Intelligent://www.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/~schierwa Abstract. Theories of how the brain computes can be differentiated in three general conceptions systems approach. The discussion of key features of brain organization (i.e. structure with function

Schierwagen, Andreas

233

Understanding complexity in the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding complexity in the human brain Danielle S. Bassett1 and Michael S. Gazzaniga2 1 the ultimate aim of neuroscientific enquiry is to gain an understanding of the brain and how its work- ings of mind­brain mechanisms if the cumulative findings from these neu- roscientific studies are coupled

Gazzaniga, Michael

234

VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3 and Brain Research Institute, UCLA School of Medicine 4 Department of Mathematics, Harvard University. In this paper, we apply these two techniques to brain mapping problem. We use a tetrahedral mesh to represent

235

PUZZLING SYMPTOMS: EATING DISORDERS AND THE BRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PUZZLING SYMPTOMS: EATING DISORDERS AND THE BRAIN A FAMILY GUIDE TO THE NEUROBIOLOGY OF EATING TO DO WITH THE BRAIN? Although people with eating disorders struggle to eat normally, this is only now believe that part of the problem has to do with how our brains process information about

Squire, Larry R.

236

Brain dynamics promotes function Carlos Lourenco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain dynamics promotes function Carlos Louren¸co 1 Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon, 1049-001 Lisboa - Portugal Abstract. Dynamical structure in the brain promotes biological func- tion. Computational scientists have new opportunities to receive 'algorithmic' inspiration from brain processes

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

237

Brain Surface Conformal Parameterization with Algebraic Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Surface Conformal Parameterization with Algebraic Functions Yalin Wang1,2 , Xianfeng Gu3 a brain surface to a multi-hole disk. The re- sulting parameterizations do not have any singularities of anatomical surfaces in MRI scans of the brain, in- cluding the hippocampi and the cerebral cortices

Wang, Yalin

238

2010 Hanford Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

239

2007 Idaho National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

240

2006 Pantex Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

2007 Hanford Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

242

2007 Pantex Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

2010 Pantex Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

244

2010 Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

245

2010 Savannah River Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

246

2010 Argonne National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

247

2006 Savannah River Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

2010 Sandia National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

249

2006 Kansas City Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

250

2006 Hanford Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

2006 Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

252

2007 Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

253

2010 Idaho National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

254

2006 Nevada Test Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

255

2010 Kansas City Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

Type B Accident Investigation of the Subcontractor Employee Injuries...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Type B Accident Investigation of the Subcontractor Employee Injuries from a November 15, 2000, Fall Accident at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Type B Accident Investigation of...

257

Brain Prostheses as a Dynamic System (Immortalizing the Human Brain?)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interest in development of brain prostheses, which might be proposed to recover mental functions lost due to neuron-degenerative disease or trauma, requires new methods in molecular engineering and nanotechnology to build artificial brain tissues. We develop a Dynamic Core model to analyze complexity of damaged biological neural network as well as transition and recovery of the system functionality due to changes in the system environment. We provide a method to model complexity of physical systems which might be proposed as an artificial tissue or prosthesis. Delocalization of Dynamic Core model is developed to analyze migration of mental functions in dynamic bio-systems which undergo architecture transition induced by trauma. Term Dynamic Core is used to define a set of causally related functions and Delocalization is used to describe the process of migration. Information geometry and topological formalisms are proposed to analyze information processes. A holographic model is proposed to construct dynamic environment with self-poetic Dynamic Core which preserve functional properties under transition from one host to another. We found statistical constraints for complex systems which conserve a Dynamic Core under environment transition. Also we suggest those constraints might provide recommendations for nanotechnologies and tissue engineering used in development of an artificial brain tissue.

Vadim Astakhov; Tamara Astakhova

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

258

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuate organ injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that could effectively curtail oxida- tive injury. Hence, further... The Role of Acrolein in Spinal Cord Injury RIYI SHI, MD, PHD, is associate professor in the Department...

259

Type A Investigation of the Electrical Arc Injury at the Stanford...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of the Electrical Arc Injury at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Complex on October 11, 2004 Type A Investigation of the Electrical Arc Injury at the Stanford Linear Accelerator...

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute hepatic injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: acute liver injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. During...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Plasma Proteome Response to Severe Burn Injury Revealed by 18O...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plasma Proteome Response to Severe Burn Injury Revealed by 18O-Labeled Universal Reference-based Quantitative Proteomics. Plasma Proteome Response to Severe Burn Injury...

262

Brain-compatible research: using brain-based techniques to positively impact student learning.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis discusses brain-based methodology and how educators can use brain-based techniques to impact, support, and advance cognitive growth. Current research on learning and memory (more)

Herson, Laurie A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Center for BrainHealtH Scientific exploration at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center for BrainHealtH #12;#12;Scientific exploration at BrainHealth is leading edge, innovative and transformative. leading tHe way in tHiS century'S greateSt ScientiFic cauSe The Center for Brain significant cause of the century: To understand, protect and heal the brain. Scientific exploration at Brain

O'Toole, Alice J.

264

Labeling the Brain Surface Using a Deformable Multiresolution Mesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Labeling the Brain Surface Using a Deformable Multiresolution Mesh Sylvain Jaume1 , Beno^it Macq2 Abstract. We propose to match a labeled mesh onto the patient brain surface in a multiresolution way for labeling the patient brain. Labeling the patient brain surface provides a map of the brain folds where

Desbrun, Mathieu

265

Brain Mapping Using Topology Graphs Obtained by Surface Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Mapping Using Topology Graphs Obtained by Surface Segmentation Fabien Vivodtzev1 , Lars@ucdavis.edu Summary. Brain mapping is a technique used to alleviate the tedious and time- consuming process of annotating brains by mapping existing annotations from brain atlases to individual brains. We introduce

Linsen, Lars

266

Mapping genetic in uences on human brain Paul Thompson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping genetic in uences on human brain structure Paul Thompson 1 , Tyrone D Cannon 2 and Arthur W Toga 1 Recent advances in brain imaging and genetics haveRecent advances in brain imaging and genetics and environmental in¯uences on the human brain. These techniques shed lightin¯uences on the human brain

Thompson, Paul

267

Stanching the Brain Drain: Merit Scholarships and Post-Baccalaureate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanching the Brain Drain: Merit Scholarships and Post-Baccalaureate Migration Patterns Donald E of Brain DrainThe Issue of Brain Drain OutOut--migration of educated youngmigration of educated young is brain drain an issue?Where is brain drain an issue? #12;© 2004, D.E. Heller & K.R. Rogers© 2004, D

Heller, Don

268

BEaST: Brain extraction using multiresolution nonlocal segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEaST: Brain extraction using multiresolution nonlocal segmentation Simon F. Eskildsen1 ?stergaard2 , D. Louis Collins1 , and the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 1 McConnell Brain. Brain extraction is an important step in the analysis of brain images. Variability in brain morphology

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

269

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print With an aging population in America, it is more important than ever to discover ways to treat or prevent diseases...

270

"Artificial" brains, electrical grids, and disease modeling:...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science discoveries unveiled "Artificial" brains, electrical grids, and disease modeling: Los Alamos science discoveries unveiled September 15 The event is an opportunity for...

271

Imaging - Clearer brain scans ... | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Imaging - Clearer brain scans ... A clever signal noise reduction strategy developed by a team that includes Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Ben Lawrie could dramatically improve...

272

Ultrasound-Enhanced Drug Transport and Distribution in the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enhanced taxol delivery in brain tumor patients usingopening of the bloodbrain barrier in rabbits. Radiology.and Distribution in the Brain Ying Liu, 1 Sumit Paliwal, 2

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

On Reverse Engineering in the Cognitive and Brain Andreas Schierwagen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Reverse Engineering in the Cognitive and Brain Sciences Andreas Schierwagen Institute #12;On Reverse Engineering in the Cognitive and Brain Sciences Andreas Schierwagen Institute research initiatives try to utilize the operational principles of organisms and brains to develop

Schierwagen, Andreas

274

Local drug delivery for treatment of brain tumor associated edema  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain tumor associated edema, a common feature of malignant brain neoplasms, is a significant cause of morbidity from brain tumor. Systemic administration of corticosteroids, the standard of care, is highly effective but ...

Ong, Qunya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Wakate-Initiative Seminar Memory formation in the fly brain!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wakate-Initiative Seminar Memory formation in the fly brain! Dr. Hiromu Tanimoto Head is synthesized in ~280 neurons in the fly brain and involved also in other brain functions, it is important

Ejiri, Shinji

276

A PROPOSITIONAL REPRESENTATION MODEL OF ANATOMICAL AND FUNCTIONAL BRAIN DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PROPOSITIONAL REPRESENTATION MODEL OF ANATOMICAL AND FUNCTIONAL BRAIN DATA Pablo MATURANA as a methodological tool to examine brain network organization, topology and complex dynamics, as well brain data and neuropsychological assessments linked to the functions explored in these assessments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Intraoperative Brain Tumor Resection Cavity Characterization with Conoscopic Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intraoperative Brain Tumor Resection Cavity Characterization with Conoscopic Holography Amber L ABSTRACT Brain shift compromises the accuracy of neurosurgical image-guided interventions if not corrected approach to correcting for brain shift. Laser range scan, instrument swabbing, and conoscopic holography

Webster III, Robert James

278

ay 1 Mysteries of Brain : Come and `learn about the brain'. Have you wondered, "What is our brain like?" "How do we sense things around us?" and "How do we react to our environment?"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Brain : Come and `learn about the brain'. Have you wondered, "What is our brain like?" "How do we sense about `neuron' as a basic unit of the brain, structure of the brain, functions closely associated with brain lobes and hemispheres and understanding the nervous system Special Focus: Brain Hemispheres

Narayanan, H.

279

STOCHASTIC GENERATION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACCURATE BRAIN NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STOCHASTIC GENERATION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACCURATE BRAIN NETWORKS A Thesis by ARAVIND ALURI Submitted OF BIOLOGICALLY ACCURATE BRAIN NETWORKS A Thesis by ARAVIND ALURI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Head of Department, Valerie Taylor December 2005 Major Subject: Computer Science #12;iii ABSTRACT

280

Shoulder injury reduction with post-offer testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objective: This study is an interventional evaluation of a post-offer employment testing. The study is designed to determine if shoulder injury rates are lowered when employees are placed at jobs they demonstrate the ...

Harbina, Gary L.; Shenoy, Catherine; Garcia, Amy; Olson, John C.

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Type B Accident Investigation Of The February 25, 2009 Injury...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

To A Passenger In An Electric Cart At The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, New Mexico Type B Accident Investigation Of The February 25, 2009 Injury To A Passenger In An...

282

From blood to the brain: can systemically transplanted mesenchymal stem cells cross the blood-brain barrier?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and function of the blood-brain barrier, Neurobiology ofV. Zlokovic, The blood-brain barrier in health and chroniccell biology of the blood- brain barrier, Annual Review of

Liu, Linan; Eckert, Mark A; Riazifar, Hamidreza; Kang, Dong-Ku; Agalliu, Dritan; Zhao, Weian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

abdominal injuries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

activity in the ADRIA project concerns the performance of numerical simulations of the brain response to human head loading during car Verhoeve Bovendeerd Wismans 30 Depression...

284

actute kidney injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

activity in the ADRIA project concerns the performance of numerical simulations of the brain response to human head loading during car Verhoeve Bovendeerd Wismans 62...

285

airway injury effects: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

activity in the ADRIA project concerns the performance of numerical simulations of the brain response to human head loading during car Verhoeve Bovendeerd Wismans 137 Etiology...

286

ameliorates reperfusion injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

activity in the ADRIA project concerns the performance of numerical simulations of the brain response to human head loading during car Verhoeve Bovendeerd Wismans 65...

287

abdominal organ injury: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

activity in the ADRIA project concerns the performance of numerical simulations of the brain response to human head loading during car Verhoeve Bovendeerd Wismans 36 Depression...

288

Characterization of the Mouse Brain Proteome Using Global Proteomic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Mouse Brain Proteome Using Global Proteomic Analysis Complemented with Cysteinyl-Peptide Enrichment. Characterization of the Mouse Brain Proteome Using Global Proteomic...

289

Brain insulin lowers circulating BCAA levels by inducing hepatic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain insulin lowers circulating BCAA levels by inducing hepatic BCAA catabolism. Brain insulin lowers circulating BCAA levels by inducing hepatic BCAA catabolism. Abstract:...

290

Mapping protein abundance patterns in the brain using voxelation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

protein abundance patterns in the brain using voxelation combined with liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Mapping protein abundance patterns in the brain using voxelation...

291

2009 Hanford Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

2007 Kansas City Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

293

2008 Sandia National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

294

2008 Nevada Test Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

295

2009 Argonne National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

296

2008 Kansas City Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

297

2008 Idaho National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

298

2009 Pantex Plant Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

2007 Sandia National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

300

2008 Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

2009 Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

302

2008 Savannah River Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

303

2007 Savannah River Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

304

2007 Nevada Test Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

305

Protease Nexin-1 and Thrombin Modulate Neuronal Ca*+ Homeostasis and Sensitivity to Glucose Deprivation-Induced Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protease nexin-I (PN-1) is a 44 kDa serine proteinase inhibitor that rapidly inhibits thrombin by forming SDS stable complexes with serine at the catalytic site of the protease. Levels of both PN-1 and thrombin are increased in the brain in response to insults such as ischemia, suggesting roles in neural injury and repair processes. We now report that PN-l-protected cultured rat hippocampal neurons against glucose deprivation- induced damage (GDID), and the protection was abolished by equimolar thrombin. PN-1 reduced resting intracellular free calcium levels ([Ca*+]J and attenuated the elevation of [Ca2+], normally associated with GDID. Thrombin reduced neuronal survival and caused a significant increase in [Ca], Submaximally toxic levels of thrombin exacerbated GDID. Calcium responses to thrombin were attenuated in neurons contacting PN-1 immunoreactive astrocytes. These findings suggest that PN-1 and thrombin play important roles in modulating neuronal calcium responses, and vulnerability, to metabolic/excitotoxic insults.

Virginia L. Smith-swintosky; Stephen Zimmer; John W. Fenton L; Mark P. Mattson

306

Understanding Alterations in Brain Connectivity in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMMENTARY Understanding Alterations in Brain Connectivity in Attention of neural systems and brain connections is an important new area of research to understand both normal brain connectivity and alterations in brain connectivity in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study of brain

307

The role of whole brain radiation therapy in the management of newly diagnosed brain metastases: a systematic review and evidence-based clinical practice guideline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANUSCRIPT The role of whole brain radiation therapy in themanagement of newly diagnosed brain metastases: a systematicNeurosurgery, Iowa Spine and Brain Institute, Iowa City, IA,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Neuronal and network computation in the brain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concepts and methods of non-linear dynamics have been a powerful tool for studying some gamow aspects of brain dynamics. In this paper we show how, from time series analysis of electroencepholograms in sick and healthy subjects, chaotic nature of brain activity could be unveiled. This finding gave rise to the concept of spatiotemporal cortical chaotic networks which in turn was the foundation for a simple brain-like device which is able to become attentive, perform pattern recognition and motion detection. A new method of time series analysis is also proposed which demonstrates for the first time the existence of neuronal code in interspike intervals of coclear cells.

Babloyantz, A. [Center for Study of Non-linear Systems, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 231, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry, ULB-Campus Plaine-CP 231, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

1999-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

309

Norme Attuative della Cognitive and Brain Sciences Doctoral School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Norme Attuative della Cognitive and Brain Sciences Doctoral School Executive Regulations of the Cognitive and Brain Sciences Doctoral School Norme Attuative della Scuola di Dottorato in Cognitive and Brain Sciences Executive Regulations of the Cognitive and Brain Sciences Doctoral School Approvate nella

310

An MRI Segmentation Framework for Brains with Anatomical Marcelinus Prastawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An MRI Segmentation Framework for Brains with Anatomical Deviations Marcelinus Prastawa;ABSTRACT MARCELINUS PRASTAWA: An MRI Segmentation Framework for Brains with Anatomical Deviations (Under the direction of Guido Gerig, Ph.D.) The segmentation of brain Magnetic Resonance (MR) images, where the brain

Whitton, Mary C.

311

Introduction Welcome. Brain Basics provides information on how the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Introduction Welcome. Brain Basics provides information on how the brain works, how mental illnesses are disorders of the brain, and ongoing research that helps us better understand and treat be moderate, or serious and cause severe disability. Through research, we know that mental disorders are brain

Bandettini, Peter A.

312

Modelling of Brain Consciousness based on Collaborative Adaptive Filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling of Brain Consciousness based on Collaborative Adaptive Filters Ling Lia, , Yili Xiaa of Technology, Japan c Laboratory for Advanced Brain Signal Processing, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Saitama method for the discrimination between discrete states of brain con- sciousness is proposed, achieved

Kent, University of

313

The brain: What is critical about it? Dante R. Chialvo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain: What is critical about it? Dante R. Chialvo , Pablo Balenzuela and Daniel Fraiman the recent proposal that the most fascinating brain properties are related to the fact that it always stays results, as well as further implications of this view of the functioning brain. Keywords: Brain, critical

Chialvo, Dante R.

314

Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

01-19-09 Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to research. Brain donations 200 brain tissue samples to researchers. Some of the major findings that came about through utilization of this precious gift include: In 2006, Todd Preuss and his team showed that certain brain

Contractor, Anis

315

Early developmental patterning sets the stage for brain evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early developmental patterning sets the stage for brain evolution Hans A. Hofmann1 Section of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 T he evolution of brain structure and function has long fascinated biologists of the brain--or brain region--and body size across a wide range of vertebrates (1). Besides random drift, two

Hofmann, Hans A.

316

Neuronal computing or computational neuroscience: brains vs. computers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neuronal computing or computational neuroscience: brains vs. computers Leslie S. Smith, Department it matters · Brains and computers: ­ Historical analogies ­ Levels in computers and brains · Mixing levels brains for robot rats! · (Chant of the Neuromorphic Engineers, Telluride, c 1998). · Hardware oriented

Smith, Leslie S.

317

The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function Edmund T. Rolls Oxford Centre random spiking times of individual neurons produce a source of noise in the brain. The aim of this book is to consider the effects of this and other noise on brain pro- cessing. We show that in cortical networks

Rolls, Edmund T.

318

Random Forest Classification for Training a Brain Computer Interface (BCI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Random Forest Classification for Training a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) Abstract1 Brain brain activity. Most3 existing BCIs detect specific mental activity in a so-called synchronous4 paradigm extraction7 followed by a classification scheme to detect intentions from the brain8 signal. In this paper

de Freitas, Nando

319

Learning Brain Connectivity of Alzheimer's Disease from Neuroimaging Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Brain Connectivity of Alzheimer's Disease from Neuroimaging Data Shui Huang2 , Jing Li2 to alternation in the functional brain network, i.e., the functional connectivity among different brain regions. In this paper, we consider the problem of learning functional brain connectivity from neuroimaging, which holds

Li, Jing

320

A Brain-Switch using Riemannian Geometry A. Barachant1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Brain-Switch using Riemannian Geometry A. Barachant1 , S. Bonnet1 , M. Congedo2 , C. Jutten2 1 the issue of asynchronous brain-switch. The detection of a specific brain pattern from the ongoing EEG-time EEG segments contain all the desired information. Such a brain-switch is valuable as it is easy to set

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Zo Rebecca Hunter Plasticity of the adult human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zoë Rebecca Hunter Plasticity of the adult human brain and motor recovery after stroke PICS © Institute of Cognitive Science #12;1 Bachelor's Thesis Plasticity of the adult human brain and motor brain and motor recovery after stroke 2 Abstract Stroke may cause a major destruction of brain tissue

Kallenrode, May-Britt

322

Doppler Ultrasound Driven Biomechanical Model of the Brain for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Doppler Ultrasound Driven Biomechanical Model of the Brain for Intraoperative Brain of the target is essential to reduce mor- bidity during brain tumor removal interventions. Yet, image-guided neu- rosurgery faces an important issue for large skull openings where brain soft-tissues can exhibit large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

323

Auditory Brain Stem Response to Complex Sounds: Erika Skoe1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Williston 1971; Moushegian et al. 1973), auditory brain stem responses (ABRs) can be measured using scalp

324

Scientists examine proton radiography of brain mockup  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scientists examine proton radiography of brain mockup The use of such a high-energy proton beam is ideal for imaging small tumors within patients for targeted proton therapy. March...

325

NATIONAL BRAIN RESEARCH CENTRE ANNUAL REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, assimilate, publish and disseminate data and information on aspects relevant to neuroscience in the field of brain and neurosciences research. · To establish one or more satellite centers to serve

Dhingra, Narender K.

326

Math Currents in the Brain. Misha Gromov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electrochemical signals that the brain receives. There is further evidence in favour of such "systems"; yet and opportunities tinkering with our genomes than with genomes of insects.6 ) Solution. Ants mark their trails

Gromov, Misha

327

Applications How to build a brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications How to build a brain Chris & Terry Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience University y z A B T #12;Learning results #12;Rule (R) (Language Areas) Context (VMPFC) Right Inferior Frontal

Anderson, Charles H.

328

Where Brain, Body and World Collide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain fascinates because it is the biological organ of mindfulness itself. It is the inner engine that drives intelligent behavior. Such a depiction provides a worthy antidote to the once-popular vision of the mind as ...

Clark, Andy

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Nanotools for Neuroscience and Brain Activity Mapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neuroscience is at a crossroads. Great effort is being invested into deciphering specific neural interactions and circuits. At the same time, there exist few general theories or principles that explain brain function. We ...

Alivisatos, A. Paul

330

Network induces burst synchronisation in cat brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain of mammals are divided into different cortical areas that are anatomically connected forming larger networks which perform cognitive tasks. The cat cerebral cortex is composed of 65 areas organised into the visual, auditory, somatosensory-motor and frontolimbic cognitive regions. We have built a network of networks, in which networks are connected among themselves according to the connections observed in the cat cortical areas aiming to study how inputs drive the synchronous behaviour in this cat brain-like network. We show that without external perturbations it is possible to observe high level of bursting synchronisation between neurons within almost all areas, except for the auditory area. Bursting synchronisation appears between neurons in the auditory region when an external perturbation is applied in another cognitive area. This is a clear evidence that pattern formation and collective behaviour in the brain might be a process mediated by other brain areas under stimulation.

Ewandson L. Lameu; Fernando S. Borges; Rafael R. Borges; Antonio M. Batista; Murilo S. Baptista; Ricardo L. Viana

2015-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

Stochastic generation of biologically accurate brain networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2. Synapses in NeuroConstruct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 D. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 V LATTICE/GROUP : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 35 A. Introduction... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 B. Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 1. Lattice geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2. Examples of lattice geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 C. Lattice structures in the brain...

Aluri, Aravind

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

332

Brain Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography: Quantification and Biomedical Applications in Alzheimer's Disease and Brain Tumors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diseases of the brain can result from errors introduced into its chemical systems by viruses, bacteria, genetic abnormalities, drugs, trauma, environmental

Wardak, Mirwais

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Aging and functional brain networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aging is associated with changes in human brain anatomy and function and cognitive decline. Recent studies suggest the aging decline of major functional connectivity hubs in the 'default-mode' network (DMN). Aging effects on other networks, however, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that aging would be associated with a decline of short- and long-range functional connectivity density (FCD) hubs in the DMN. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated resting-state data sets corresponding to 913 healthy subjects from a public magnetic resonance imaging database using functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM), a voxelwise and data-driven approach, together with parallel computing. Aging was associated with pronounced long-range FCD decreases in DMN and dorsal attention network (DAN) and with increases in somatosensory and subcortical networks. Aging effects in these networks were stronger for long-range than for short-range FCD and were also detected at the level of the main functional hubs. Females had higher short- and long-range FCD in DMN and lower FCD in the somatosensory network than males, but the gender by age interaction effects were not significant for any of the networks or hubs. These findings suggest that long-range connections may be more vulnerable to aging effects than short-range connections and that, in addition to the DMN, the DAN is also sensitive to aging effects, which could underlie the deterioration of attention processes that occurs with aging.

Tomasi D.; Tomasi, D.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

334

Abstract--Recent brain imaging studies on primates revealed that a network of brain areas is activated both during  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Abstract-- Recent brain imaging studies on primates revealed that a network of brain areas and constitutes an efficient behavior of mammals. Recent brain imaging studies investigate where and how observed to this direction [23]. Additional studies [10],[16] indicate the existence of a much wider network of brain areas

Trahanias, Panos

335

Abstract -Other researchers have proposed that the brain parenchymal fraction (or brain atrophy) may be a good surrogate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract - Other researchers have proposed that the brain parenchymal fraction (or brain atrophy. This paper considers various factors influencing the measure of the brain parenchymal fraction obtained from head MRI scans. An automatic segmentation method for the brain and for the cerebral spinal fluid

Orchard, Jeffery J.

336

Brain Cluster Leiden -InventoryBrain Cluster Leiden -Inventory Inventory of organizations working inInventory of organizations working in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain Cluster Leiden - InventoryBrain Cluster Leiden - Inventory Inventory of organizations working brain Annelieke Hoenderkamp Leiden Bio Science Park foundation in assignment of Municipality of Leiden November 2011 #12;IntroductionIntroduction · The brain is the most complex organ in the human body. Its

Galis, Frietson

337

Plasticity of the human brain " We never use the same brain twice" Arno Villringer and Burkhard Pleger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of the human brain " We never use the same brain twice" Arno Villringer and Burkhard Pleger Max Planck Institute for Human Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Leipzig Summary With the advent of noninvasive neuroimaging the human brain has become accessible for invivo

338

Near to the Brain: Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy as a Lightweight Brain Imaging Technique for Visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near to the Brain: Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy as a Lightweight Brain Imaging Technique the use of cumbersome or expensive brain imaging equipment. In recent years, functional near-infrared near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging technology for brain imaging being developed

Tomkins, Andrew

339

Injury experience in stone mining, 1991. Information report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) informational report reviews in detail the occupational injury and illness experience of stone mining in the united States for 1991. Data reported by operators of mining establishments concerning work injuries are summarized by work location, accident classification, part of body injured, nature of injury, occupation, and principal type of mineral. Related information on employment, worktime, and operating activity also is presented. Data reported by independent contractors performing certain work at mining locations are depicted separately in this report. For ease of comparison with other metal and nonmetallic mineral mining industries and with coal mining, summary reference tabulations are included at the end of both the operator and the contractor sections of this report.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Microglial activation induced by brain trauma is suppressed by post-injury treatment with a PARP inhibitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Z, Plotkine M, Szabo C, Marchand-Verrecchia C: BeneficialM, Gillet B, Meric P, Marchand-Leroux C: Effect of acute

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

e-Infrastructures Fostering Multi-Centre Collaborative Research into the Intensive Care Management of Patients with Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sinnott,R.O. Piper,I. Handbook of Research on Computational Grid Technologies for Life Sciences, Biomedicine and Healthcare, IGI Press, November 2008

Sinnott, R.O.

342

Type XVIII collagen is essential for survival during acute liver injury in mice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The regenerative response to drug- and toxin-induced liver injury induces changes to the hepatic stroma, including the extracellular matrix. Although the extracellular matrix is known to undergo changes during the injury ...

Duncan, Michael B.

343

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute myocardial injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 High-Resolution Imaging with 99mTc-Glucarate for Assessing Myocardial Injury in Rat Heart Summary: High-Resolution Imaging with 99mTc-Glucarate for Assessing Myocardial Injury...

344

Moderators of the Safety Climate-Injury Relationship: A Meta-Analytic Examination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined the variability in the observed relationship between safety climate and injuries in the extant literature by meta-analytically examining possible moderators of the safety climate-injury relationship at both the individual...

Beus, Jeremy M.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

345

Understanding human-space suit interaction to prevent injury during extravehicular activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extravehicular Activity (EVA) is a critical component of human spaceflight. Working in gas-pressurized space suits, however, causes fatigue, unnecessary energy expenditure, and injury. The problem of injury is particularly ...

Anderson, Allison P. (Allison Paige)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Effects of Surgical Repair or Reconstruction on Radiocarpal Mechanics from Wrists with Scapholunate Ligament Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Osteoarthritis as a result of injury/trauma is a significant problem, and there is still a need to develop tools for evaluating joint injuries and the effectiveness of surgical treatments. For the wrist in particular, ...

Johnson, Joshua

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

347

BRAIN, BEHAVIOUR AND NEUROIMAGING A seminar to create awareness about the mysteries of the brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BRAIN, BEHAVIOUR AND NEUROIMAGING A seminar to create awareness about the mysteries of the brain Srinivasan Professor & Head, Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad.D. Head of Department, Physiology, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur Psychology and Police investigations Mr

Narayanan, H.

348

MAPPING THE ANKLE JOINTS PASSIVE MOTION AND MEASURING THE EFFECT OF INJURY ON LIGAMENT CONSTRAINT AT THE ANKLE JOINT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lateral ankle sprain is one of the most common sports injuries, and having a better understanding of how ligament constraint changes after injury can assist (more)

West III, James E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

User adaptation to injury protection systems: its effect on fatalities, and possible causes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Morgan, D . (1987). Motorcycle and bicycle protectivepreventing injury i n motorcycle riders. Cochrane Databaseimpact improvements and motorcycle helmets Perceptibility

Grembek, Offer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

User adaptation to injury protection systems: its effect on fatalities, and possible causes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impact improvements and motorcycle helmets . . . . . . . . .and Morgan, D. (1987). Motorcycle and bicycle protectivepreventing injury in motorcycle riders. Cochrane Database of

Grembek, Offer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute brain ischemia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brain... models of cerebral ischemia. While studies have demonstrated increases in acrolein in the brain... j in rat brain after forebrain ischemia 80 ... Source: Kalil,...

352

"Improving the quality of life through the mitigation and prevention of injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of pedestrian accidents using Madymo models and Optimization Techniques. Crash Investigations The Crash Injury trauma to ballistics and blast. Our unique skills allow us to examine and prevent injuries from"Improving the quality of life through the mitigation and prevention of injury made possible

Acton, Scott

353

Safety Shower/Eye wash They minimize injuries by four  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Safety ­ Shower/Eye wash They minimize injuries by four methods. · Dilution;2 Using a safety shower: · Know exactly where the shower's water shut-off valve is located. If the unit. · Continue under the shower for 15 minutes before seeking medical attention. Safety ­ Shower #12;Safety ­ Eye

Cohen, Robert E.

354

Statins Reduce Neurologic Injury in Asymptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Patients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stenosis scheduled for elective CEA consented to participate in this observational study of perioperative neurologic injury. Results--Patients taking statins had a lower incidence of clinical stroke (0.0% vs. 3.1%, P=0.02) and cognitive dysfunction (11.0% vs. 20.2%, P=0.03). In a multivariate regression model

355

RESEARCH Open Access First evidence of subclinical renal tubular injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH Open Access First evidence of subclinical renal tubular injury during sickle-cell crisis classically involved in sickle-cell nephropathy include endothelial dysfunction and vascular occlusion during VOC. Background Sickle-cell nephropathy (SCN), a major mortality risk factor in sickle-cell

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Tsunami-related injury in Aceh Province, Indonesia * C. Robinsona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tsunami-related injury in Aceh Province, Indonesia S. Doocya * C. Robinsona , C. Moodieb and G; Indonesia Introduction The 2004 Asian tsunami resulted in over 175,000 deaths, nearly 50,000 missing, and over 1.7 million people displaced in the Indian Ocean region (USAID 2005). Indonesia's Aceh Province

Scharfstein, Daniel

357

REGULAR ARTICLE European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGULAR ARTICLE European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon and nitrogen in corn tissues herbivores often stimulate lignin deposition in injured plant tissue, but it is not known whether corn (Zea (Bacillus thuringiensis) genetic modifica- tion is also reported to affect lignin in corn. This study

Beaudoin, Georges

358

Risk factors for injury accidents among moped and motorcycle riders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risk factors for injury accidents among moped and motorcycle riders Aurélie Moskal a , Jean on the vehicle. Moped and motorcycle riders are analyzed separately, adjusting for the main characteristics of the accident. Results: for both moped and motorcycle riders, being male, not wearing a helmet, exceeding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

miRNAs in brain development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. In the brain, a large number of miRNAs are expressed and there is a growing body of evidence demonstrating that miRNAs are essential for brain development and neuronal function. Conditional knockout studies of the core components in the miRNA biogenesis pathway, such as Dicer and DGCR8, have demonstrated a crucial role for miRNAs during the development of the central nervous system. Furthermore, mice deleted for specific miRNAs and miRNA-clusters demonstrate diverse functional roles for different miRNAs during the development of different brain structures. miRNAs have been proposed to regulate cellular functions such as differentiation, proliferation and fate-determination of neural progenitors. In this review we summarise the findings from recent studies that highlight the importance of miRNAs in brain development with a focus on the mouse model. We also discuss the technical limitations of current miRNA studies that still limit our understanding of this family of non-coding RNAs and propose the use of novel and refined technologies that are needed in order to fully determine the impact of specific miRNAs in brain development. - Highlights: miRNAs are essential for brain development and neuronal function. KO of Dicer is embryonically lethal. Conditional Dicer KO results in defective proliferation or increased apoptosis. KO of individual miRNAs or miRNA families is necessary to determine function.

Petri, Rebecca; Malmevik, Josephine; Fasching, Liana; kerblom, Malin; Jakobsson, Johan, E-mail: johan.jakobsson@med.lu.se

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers ApplyResistant: A ComparisonBrain ReceptorBrain

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

INJURY AND ILLNESS PREVENTION PROGRAM This Injury and Illness Prevention Program has been prepared by the University of California,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods: Standard Operating Procedures Manual (laboratory specific and available on SmartSite) Safety Data with University Policy (UCD Policy & Procedure Manual Section 290-15: Safety Management Program) and California for the implementation and maintenance of the Injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP) is in accordance

Guo, Ting

362

An Examination of Music Therapy with Adolescent Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

who shared their knowledge and supported me throughout my studies. Special thanks to Dr. Colwell who patiently worked with me on this thesis and worked hard to help me finish it up this semester. Thank you to my Mom, Dad, and sister for all..., and traumatic brain injury. Juvenile delinquents, pregnant teens, abused adolescents and grieving adolescents have also received music therapy services. See Appendix A for article citations. This same review of music therapy journal articles revealed...

Seagren, Stephanie

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The formation and function of the brain ventricular system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain ventricular system is composed of a highly conserved set of cavities that contain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a protein-rich fluid essential for brain function. However, little is known about the function of ...

Chang, Jessica T. (Jessica Tzung-Min)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Classification of whole brain fMRI activation patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is an imaging technology which is primarily used to perform brain activation studies by measuring neural activity in the brain. It is an interesting question whether patterns ...

Balc?, Serdar Kemal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Developmental, Genetic, and Cognitive Correlates of Structural Brain Connectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain network local interconnectivity loss in aging APOE-4decline of measures of interconnectivity with age. As will

Dennis, Emily

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

An analysis of injuries to determine the effect of wage incentives on safety performance of production workers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Krcehler Nanuf act uring Company . Injuries Pez' Source of Injury Classification. ABCO Manufacturing Company. A. Brendt Nanufacturing Company ~ Kroehlez Manufacturing Compaxed'. Injuries Per Accident Type Classification ~ ABCO Nanufacturing Company. A... of Accident Classification. ABCO Manufacturing Company. A. Bxsndt Nanufacturing Company . Kroehler Nanufacturing Company. Injuries Per Agency of Accident Part. Classification ABCO Manufacturing Company. A. Brendt Mazzofacturing Company . Kroehler...

Brock, Kennith Douglas

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

NEW INSIGHTS INTO BRAIN SWELLING AFTER STROKE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW INSIGHTS INTO BRAIN SWELLING AFTER STROKE W Taylor Kimberly MD PhD 6 May 2013 #12;OBJECTIVES · Background: introduction to stroke · Mechanism: types of cerebral edema · Specific target: preclinical data-Pilot imaging and plasma biomarkers · Next steps: GAMES-RP #12;BACKGROUND · 800,000 strokes occur each year · 4

Sabatini, David M.

368

Von Economo Neurons in the Elephant Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Von Economo Neurons in the Elephant Brain ATIYA Y. HAKEEM,1 * CHET C. SHERWOOD,2 CHRISTOPHER J elephants. The VENs in the elephant are primarily found in similar locations to those in the other species- nids, cetaceans, and elephants, and may reflect a specialization for the rapid transmission of crucial

Allman, John M.

369

ANNUAL REPORT National Brain Research Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ANNUAL REPORT 2003-2004 National Brain Research Centre Manesar, India #12;2 Table of Contents in neuroscience. Promoting neuroscience in India through networking among institutions across the country. If we can fathom how children learn, our education policy could be strengthened with a new understanding

Dhingra, Narender K.

370

Possible new wave phenomena in the brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to search for new wave phenomena in the brain by using interference effects in analogy to the well-known double slit (Young) experiment. This method is able to extend the range of oscillation frequencies to much higher values than currently accessible. It is argued that such experiments may test the hypothesis of the wave nature of information coding.

Jerzy Szwed

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

371

BDP: BrainSuite Diffusion Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BDP: BrainSuite Diffusion Pipeline Chitresh Bhushan #12; Quantify microstructural tissue ROI Connectivity ROI Statistics MPRAGE Diffusion #12;Diffusion Pipeline Dicom to NIfTI Co ROIs Custom ROIs #12;Diffusion Pipeline Dicom to NIfTI Co-registration Diffusion Modeling Tractography

Leahy, Richard M.

372

The Ballistic Pressure Wave Theory of Handgun Bullet Incapacitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a summary of seven distinct chains of evidence, which, taken together, provide compelling support for the theory that a ballistic pressure wave radiating outward from the penetrating projectile can contribute to wounding and incapacitating effects of handgun bullets. These chains of evidence include the fluid percussion model of traumatic brain injury, observations of remote ballistic pressure wave injury in animal models, observations of rapid incapacitation highly correlated with pressure magnitude in animal models, epidemiological data from human shootings showing that the probability of incapacitation increases with peak pressure magnitude, case studies in humans showing remote pressure wave damage in the brain and spinal cord, and observations of blast waves causing remote brain injury.

Courtney, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Probing the brains white matter with diffusion MRI and a tissue dependent diffusion model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While diffusion MRI promises an insight into white matter microstructure in vivo, the axonal pathways that connect different brain regions together can only partially be segmented using current methods. Here we present ...

Piatkowski, Jakub Przemyslaw

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

XRDS summer 2010 Vol .16 No.442 From Brains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XRDS summer 2010 Vol .16 No.442 From Brains to Bytes Although most people are likely all-powerful, BCI research. In the past year, University of Wisconsin-Madison's Brain-Twitter in- terface received Time Magazine's honor as the no. 9 invention of the year. Fur- thermore, as brain

Jacob, Robert J.K.

375

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism Associated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism Associated With an Increase in Cortical Surface, PhD; Chad Chappell, MA; Rachel Gimpel Smith, BA; Clement Vachet, MS; Joseph Piven, MD Context: Brain. Objective: To investigate early growth trajectories in brain volume and cortical thickness. Design

Utah, University of

376

adult rodent brain: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adult rodent brain First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 RODENT BRAIN NAVIGATOR :RODENT BRAIN...

377

Intra-operative Registration for Deep Brain Stimulation Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intra-operative Registration for Deep Brain Stimulation Procedures based on a Full Physics Head´e Rennes I Abstract. Brain deformation is a factor of inaccuracy during stereo- tactic neurosurgeries to update the pre-operative planning based on a physical simulation of the brain shift. A minimization

Boyer, Edmond

378

The Dynamics of Brain-Body-Environment Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Dynamics of Brain-Body-Environment Systems in Behavior and Cognition An NSF IGERT Training Program Environment BodyAgent Agent Graduate Traineeships Available in Research Themes * Brain Dynamics the dynamical interaction of brains with bodies, agents with their environments, and agents with other agents

Menczer, Filippo

379

UNSUPERVISED SEGMENTATION FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF BRAIN TUMORS IN MRI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNSUPERVISED SEGMENTATION FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF BRAIN TUMORS IN MRI A.S. Capelle, O. Alata, C- thod for magnetic resonance images. The aim of this seg- mentation is to divide the brain a pre-segmentation to ex- tract the brain from the head. Then, a second segmentation is done inside

Lefèvre, Sébastien

380

Construction of Anatomically Correct Models of Mouse Brain Networks 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction of Anatomically Correct Models of Mouse Brain Networks 1 B. H. McCormick a, W. Koh a Y and Public Health, Texas A&M University, 4458 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4458 Abstract The Mouse Brain Web, a federated database, provides for the construction of anatomically correct models of mouse brain

Keyser, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Brief Communications Why Sex Matters: Brain Size Independent Differences in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brief Communications Why Sex Matters: Brain Size Independent Differences in Gray Matter, Germany The different brain anatomy of men and women is both a classic and continuing topic of major interest. Among the most replicated and robust sex differences are larger overall brain dimensions in men

Gaser, Christian

382

Functional Geometry Alignment and Localization of Brain Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional Geometry Alignment and Localization of Brain Areas Georg Langs, Polina Golland Computer@bwh.harvard.edu, lrigolo@bwh.harvard.edu agolby@bwh.harvard.edu Abstract Matching functional brain regions across. It is particularly difficult, but highly relevant, for patients with pathologies such as brain tumors, which can

Golland, Polina

383

Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

01-19-09 Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to research. As researchers work to better understand disorders that affect mental function with aging, brain donations are essential to their progress. By studying the anatomy, pathology, and chemistry of the brains of people with memory problems

Contractor, Anis

384

COMPARING THE EMOTIONAL BRAINS OF HUMANS AND OTHER ANIMALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 3 COMPARING THE EMOTIONAL BRAINS OF HUMANS AND OTHER ANIMALS Kent C. Berridge How is emotion embodied in the brain? That is the ques- tion posed by affective neuroscience (Cacioppo & Gardner, 1999 and emotion at both psychological and neurobiological levels. Evidence regarding the brain substrates

Berridge, Kent

385

Introduction The vertebrate brain has a characteristic and complex three-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2057 Introduction The vertebrate brain has a characteristic and complex three- dimensional structure, the development of which is not well understood. Brain morphogenesis begins during, and continues subsequent to, neural tube closure. One aspect of brain structure that is highly conserved throughout

Lowery, Laura Anne

386

A conserved pattern of brain scaling from sharks to primates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A conserved pattern of brain scaling from sharks to primates Kara E. Yopaka,b,1 , Thomas J. Lisneyc June 4, 2010 (received for review February 23, 2010) Several patterns of brain allometry previously. In each clade, the relative size of brain parts, with the notable exception of the olfactory bulbs

Finlay, Barbara L.

387

Brains, maturation times, and parenting John Allman*, Andrea Hasenstaub  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commentary Brains, maturation times, and parenting John Allman*, Andrea Hasenstaub Division have favored the evolution of genes that retard brain senescence, specifically recently evolved, and the influence of this slow development on parental dependence and patterns of survival. Large brains are ex

Allman, John M.

388

Automatic Segmentation of Neonatal Brain MRI Marcel Prastawa, 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Segmentation of Neonatal Brain MRI 1 Marcel Prastawa, 2 John Gilmore, 3 Weili Lin, and 1 segmentation method for neonatal MRI. The analysis and study of neonatal brain MRI is of great interest due probabilistic brain atlas to select training samples and to be used as a spatial prior. The method first uses

Prastawa, Marcel

389

STOCKER FLY BRAIN IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE PROTOCOL January 8, 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STOCKER FLY BRAIN IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE PROTOCOL January 8, 2001 Vosshall Lab 1. Anesthetize flies the brain, starting with the removal of the proboscis. Gently peel away the cuticle at the back of the fly the esophagus (hole in brain). Once all the cuticle has been removed, gently remove the fat body and trachea

390

New Approaches in Brain-Computer Music Interfacing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Approaches in Brain-Computer Music Interfacing Mapping EEG for Real-Time Musical Control Eaton-going research into the creation of performance and compositional tools using a Brain- Computer Music Interface) for performance, and highlights the need for further practice-led research in this field. Keywords- brain, music

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

391

The brain near the edge Dante R. Chialvo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain near the edge Dante R. Chialvo Department of Physiology, Feinberg Medical School grain, the brain seems a relatively small dynamical system composed by a few dozen interacting areas that some of the most fundamental properties of the functioning brain are possible because

Chialvo, Dante R.

392

and the Brain Sound may seem a straightforward physical phenom-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hearing and the Brain Sound may seem a straightforward physical phenom- enon, whose waves can be recorded, charted and parsed. But no machines can do what the human brain does--understand a wide variety of electrical and computer engineering and member of the Institute for Systems Research, studies how the brain

Hill, Wendell T.

393

DISCOVERING BRAIN MECHANISMS AND THE RULES OF MOLECULAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISCOVERING BRAIN MECHANISMS AND THE RULES OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Paul Shapshak, PhD*1 and Robert-324-2723 ABSTRACT The human genome has approximately 30,000 genes. Brain cells express at least 15,000. The human brain is subject to many acute and chronic diseases including viral encephalitis, AIDS/HIV Associated

Stengel, Robert F.

394

POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Spatiotemporal dynamics in the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Spatiotemporal dynamics in the human brain during rest: a virtual brain study Andreas Spiegler* , Enrique Hansen, Viktor K Jirsa From Twenty Second Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2013 Paris, France. 13-18 July 2013 Over the past years the ongoing human brain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Scale-Free Brain Functional Networks Victor M. Eguiluz,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale-Free Brain Functional Networks Victor M. Egui´luz,1 Dante R. Chialvo,2 Guillermo A. Cecchi,3 is used to extract functional networks connecting correlated human brain sites. Analysis of the resulting-world networks, reflect important functional information about brain states. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.94

Oro, Daniel

396

BRAIN ATLASES AND REGISTRATION Arthur W. Toga and Paul Thompson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 BRAIN ATLASES AND REGISTRATION Arthur W. Toga and Paul Thompson Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Dept. of Neurology, Division of Brain Mapping, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA A Book Chapter for: Handbook and Stroke and the National Institute of Mental Health (NINDS/NIMH NS38753), and by a Human Brain Project

Thompson, Paul

397

Development of an Interhemispheric Symmetry Measurement in the Neonatal Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of an Interhemispheric Symmetry Measurement in the Neonatal Brain Ninah Koolen1.dereymaeker, katrien.jansen, jan.vervisch, gunnar.naulaers}@uzleuven.be Keywords: Preterm Brain, Symmetry, Channel of different brain regions will allow detecting physiologic asymmetry versus pathologic asymmetry. This can

398

BRAIN AND SURFACE WARPING VIA MINIMIZING LIPSCHITZ EXTENSIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BRAIN AND SURFACE WARPING VIA MINIMIZING LIPSCHITZ EXTENSIONS By Facundo M´emoli Guillermo Sapiro­0436 Phone: 612/624-6066 Fax: 612/626-7370 URL: http://www.ima.umn.edu #12;Brain and Surface Warping via connection with the infinity Laplacian, a computational framework for surface warping and in particular brain

399

Brain (1999), 122, 839854 Electrophysiological manifestations of open-and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain (1999), 122, 839­854 Electrophysiological manifestations of open- and closed-class words in patients with Broca's aphasia with agrammatic comprehension An event-related brain potential study Mariken-related brain potentials were recorded from the scalp when Broca patients and non- aphasic control subjects were

Coulson, Seana

400

COMBINATION OF BRAIN CONFORMAL MAPPING AND LANDMARKS: A VARIATIONAL APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMBINATION OF BRAIN CONFORMAL MAPPING AND LANDMARKS: A VARIATIONAL APPROACH Yalin Wang Mathematics brain data, data from multiple subjects are typically mapped into a canonical space. One method to do be mapped conformally to a sphere. Since the cortical surface of the brain is a genus zero surface, con

Wang, Yalin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Human brain cancer studied by resonance Raman spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human brain cancer studied by resonance Raman spectroscopy Yan Zhou Cheng-Hui Liu Yi Sun Yang Pu://biomedicaloptics.spiedigitallibrary.org/ on 11/16/2012 Terms of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms #12;Human brain cancer studied by resonance Raman of human brain tissues are examined using a confocal micro-Raman system with 532-nm excitation in vitro

Sun, Yi

402

Analyzing 3D Images of the Brain NICHOLAS AYACHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing 3D Images of the Brain NICHOLAS AYACHE OVERVIEW During the past 5 years, there has been research. Along these lines, and focusing on 3D images of the brain obtained with CT, MRI, SPECT, and PET for an objective analysis of 3D images of the brain. Such methods include segmentation, shape analysis, rigid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

403

Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy Conor L. Evans1§ , Xiaoyin Xu anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy to image brain structure and pathology ex vivo. Although. Definitive diagnosis still requires brain biopsy in a significant number of cases. CARS microscopy

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

404

ELSEVIER Brain Research 712 (1996) 293-298 Research report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BRAIN RESEARCH ELSEVIER Brain Research 712 (1996) 293-298 Research report Local infusion of brain examined the effects of local infusion of BDNF on the electrophysioiogical activity of serotonergic neurons in the rat dorsal raph6 nucleus with extracellular single unit recording in vivo. Compared with vehicle-infused

Tepper, James M.

405

1/12/11 1:51 PMComputer-Aided Brains: Scientific American Page 1 of 3http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=computer-aided-brains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scientific American Mind October 2005 Head Lines | Mind & Brain Computer-Aided Brains By Brad Stenger1/12/11 1:51 PMComputer-Aided Brains: Scientific American Page 1 of 3http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=computer-aided-brains Image: For years, innovators have tried to devise computerized gadgetry to aid the brain. Advances have

Salvucci, Dario D.

406

In: Proceedings of SPIE Conference on Medical Imaging (4684), pp. 201-205, Feb. 2002. Robustness of the Brain Parenchymal Fraction for Measuring Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Brain Parenchymal Fraction for Measuring Brain Atrophy M. Stella Atkins, Jeff J. Orchard, Ben Law ABSTRACT Other researchers have proposed that the brain parenchymal fraction (or brain atrophy) may considers various factors influencing the measure of the brain parenchymal fraction obtained from dual spin

Orchard, Jeffery J.

407

ScaleScale--free Brain Functional Networksfree Brain Functional Networks victor@imedea.uib.es www.imedea.uib.es/~victor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ScaleScale--free Brain Functional Networksfree Brain Functional Networks victor@imedea.uib.es wwwPlan Motivation: Networks & Brain How to get functional networks from fMRI Characterization of brain functional) Co-authorship of scientific papers #12;...... and the brainand the brain #12;""In catalogue" cortical

Oro, Daniel

408

Brain-Computer Interfaces and Quantum Robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The actual (classical) Brain-Computer Interface attempts to use brain signals to drive suitable actuators performing the actions corresponding to subject's intention. However this goal is not fully reached, and when BCI works, it does only in particular situations. The reason of this unsatisfactory result is that intention cannot be conceived simply as a set of classical input-output relationships. It is therefore necessary to resort to quantum theory, allowing the occurrence of stable coherence phenomena, in turn underlying high-level mental processes such as intentions and strategies. More precisely, within the context of a dissipative Quantum Field Theory of brain operation it is possible to introduce generalized coherent states associated, within the framework of logic, to the assertions of a quantum metalanguage. The latter controls the quantum-mechanical computing corresponding to standard mental operation. It thus become possible to conceive a Quantum Cyborg in which a human mind controls, through a quantum metalanguage, the operation of an artificial quantum computer.

Eliano Pessa; Paola zizzi

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

409

2006 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

410

2007 East Tennessee Technology Park Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

411

2010 Y-12 National Security Complex Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

2006 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

413

2004 Hanford Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report, Revised October 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Program for 2004 for the Hanford site. The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of epidemiologic surveillance activities that provide an early warning system for health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence of workdays, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

414

2007 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

2010 East Tennessee Technology Park Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

416

2010 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

417

2006 Sandia National Laboratories--Albuquerque Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

2006 Y-12 National Security Complex Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2008-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

419

2010 Nevada National Security Site Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

420

2010 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Annual Illness and Injury Surveillance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) commitment to assuring the health and safety of its workers includes the conduct of illness and injury surveillance activities that provide an early warning system to detect health problems among workers. The Illness and Injury Surveillance Program monitors illnesses and health conditions that result in an absence, occupational injuries and illnesses, and disabilities and deaths among current workers.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Health, Office of Health and Safety, Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidental macular injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science 67 SAFETY PROCEDURE ACCIDENTINCIDENT INVESTIGATION Summary: in Health Care or Lost Time. An Employees Report of Accidental Injury or Industrial Disease (FORM 7) must......

422

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates renal injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of acute renal injury (bilateral ischemia) to show that vimentin reexpression favors... (Vim mice) and an experimental model of ... Source: Federici, Pierre - Laboratoire...

423

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorates renal injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of acute renal injury (bilateral ischemia) to show that vimentin reexpression favors... (Vim mice) and an experimental model of ... Source: Federici, Pierre - Laboratoire...

424

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute phase injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rutgers University, Rutgers Center for Operations Research Collection: Engineering 26 Acrolein-Mediated Mechanisms of Neuronal Death Summary: injury to the CNS can be considered to...

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates oxidant injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AI. Mitochondrial catalase and oxidative injury. Biol Signals... than ROS.13 Thus, acrolein may be a key factor in perpetuat- ing ... Source: Shi, Riyi - Weldon School of...

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute knee injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

planting and cutting, straight knee landings, and rapid, 1-step stops (Mc... and ankle. Lower extremity positioning at the time of injury often includes relatively low hip...

427

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspirin-induced gastric injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mucosa during angiogenic response to ethanol injury', Am. J... stages of gastric cancer Le Lu, Yanda Li and Shao Li* MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinformatics... in different...

428

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced liver injury Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

429

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorates organ injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

430

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorates hepatocellular injury Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

431

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-induced liver injury Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

432

E-Print Network 3.0 - abrogating liver injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

433

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced cell injury Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

434

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates hepatocellular injury Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates liver injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute liver injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic liver injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: of a variety of liver disorders,16 including viral...

438

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing occupational injuries Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratory's occupational medicine office are analyzed to reduce and... injuries. Ergonomics--The Science of Fitting the Job to the Worker From the work bench to the garden......

439

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-related injury risk Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences ; Engineering 39 Risk factors for injury accidents among moped and motorcycle riders Summary: of alcohol-related risk. To avoid this, our responsibility analysis...

440

Shorter-Course Whole-Brain Radiotherapy for Brain Metastases in Elderly Patients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Many patients with brain metastases receive whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) alone. Using 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy in 2 weeks is the standard regimen in most centers. Regarding the extraordinarily poor survival prognosis of elderly patients with multiple brain metastases, a shorter WBRT regimen would be preferable. This study compared 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy with 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy in elderly patients ({>=}65 years). Methods and Materials: Data from 455 elderly patients who received WBRT alone for brain metastases were retrospectively analyzed. Survival and local (= intracerebral) control of 293 patients receiving 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy were compared with 162 patients receiving 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy. Eight additional potential prognostic factors were investigated including age, gender, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), primary tumor, number of brain metastases, interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT, extracerebral metastases, and recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class. Results: The 6-month overall survival rates were 29% after 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy and 21% after 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy (p = 0.020). The 6-month local control rates were 12% and 10%, respectively (p = 0.32). On multivariate analysis, improved overall survival was associated with KPS {>=} 70 (p < 0.001), only one to three brain metastases (p = 0.029), no extracerebral metastasis (p = 0.012), and lower RPA class (p < 0.001). Improved local control was associated with KPS {>=} 70 (p < 0.001), breast cancer (p = 0.029), and lower RPA class (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Shorter-course WBRT with 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy was not inferior to 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy with respect to overall survival or local control in elderly patients. 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy appears preferable for the majority of these patients.

Rades, Dirk, E-mail: rades.dirk@gmx.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Lubeck (Germany); Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany); Evers, Jasmin N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Lubeck (Germany); Veninga, Theo [Department of Radiotherapy, Dr. Bernard Verbeeten Institute, Tilburg (Netherlands); Stalpers, Lukas J.A. [Department of Radiotherapy, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Lohynska, Radka [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital, Prague (Czech Republic); Schild, Steven E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Arizona (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Memory Function Before and After Whole Brain Radiotherapy in Patients With and Without Brain Metastases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To prospectively compare the effect of prophylactic and therapeutic whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) on memory function in patients with and without brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Adult patients with and without brain metastases (n = 44) were prospectively evaluated with serial cognitive testing, before RT (T0), after starting RT (T1), at the end of RT (T2), and 6-8 weeks (T3) after RT completion. Data were obtained from small-cell lung cancer patients treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation, patients with brain metastases treated with therapeutic cranial irradiation (TCI), and breast cancer patients treated with RT to the breast. Results: Before therapy, prophylactic cranial irradiation patients performed worse than TCI patients or than controls on most test scores. During and after WBRT, verbal memory function was influenced by pretreatment cognitive status (p < 0.001) and to a lesser extent by WBRT. Acute (T1) radiation effects on verbal memory function were only observed in TCI patients (p = 0.031). Subacute (T3) radiation effects on verbal memory function were observed in both TCI and prophylactic cranial irradiation patients (p = 0.006). These effects were more pronounced in patients with above-average performance at baseline. Visual memory and attention were not influenced by WBRT. Conclusions: The results of our study have shown that WBRT causes cognitive dysfunction immediately after the beginning of RT in patients with brain metastases only. At 6-8 weeks after the end of WBRT, cognitive dysfunction was seen in patients with and without brain metastases. Because cognitive dysfunction after WBRT is restricted to verbal memory, patients should not avoid WBRT because of a fear of neurocognitive side effects.

Welzel, Grit [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany)], E-mail: grit.welzel@radonk.ma.uni-heidelberg.de; Fleckenstein, Katharina [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany); Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Schaefer, Joerg; Hermann, Brigitte; Kraus-Tiefenbacher, Uta; Mai, Sabine K.; Wenz, Frederik [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

PIA - Richland Occupational Injury and Illness | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002OpticsPeriodical: VolumeIComplaintsRadioactiveInjury and

443

Injury and Illness Reporting Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorge WaldmannHow- January 2012Officer (ISSO)Initial Comments of theInjury

444

Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases From Primary Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The relative roles of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) vs. whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in the treatment of patients with brain metastases from breast cancer remain undefined. In this study, we reviewed our experience with these patients. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated between 1991 and 2005 with Gamma Knife SRS for brain metastases from breast cancer. The actuarial survival and freedom from progression endpoints were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Between 1991 and 2005, 176 patients underwent SRS for brain metastases from breast cancer. The median survival time was 16.0 months for 95 newly diagnosed patients and 11.7 months for 81 patients with recurrent brain metastases. In the newly diagnosed patients, omission of upfront WBRT did not significantly affect the MST (p = .20), brain freedom from progression (p = .75), or freedom from new brain metastases (p = .83). Longer survival was associated with age <50 years, Karnofsky performance score >=70, primary tumor control, estrogen receptor positivity, and Her2/neu overexpression. No association was found between the number of treated brain metastases and the survival time. Conclusion: We have described prognostic factors for breast cancer patients treated with SRS for newly diagnosed or recurrent brain metastases. Most patient subsets had a median survival time of >=11 months. Unexpectedly, upfront WBRT did not appear to improve brain freedom from progression, and a larger number of brain metastases was not associated with a shorter survival time. Breast cancer might be distinct from other primary sites in terms of prognostic factors and the roles of WBRT and SRS for brain metastases.

Kased, Norbert, E-mail: Norbert.Kased@ucsf.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Binder, Devin K. [Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); McDermott, Michael W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Nakamura, Jean L.; Huang, Kim [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Berger, Mitchel S. [Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Wara, William M.; Sneed, Penny K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Automatic Scan Prescription for Brain MRI T. Ernst, L. Itti, L. Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Scan Prescription for Brain MRI T. Ernst, L. Itti, L. Chang Harbor-UCLA Medical Center that allows the automatic prescription of brain MRI scans. This involves determination of the orientation of the current patient's brain, by matching his/her brain surface with a template brain surface. A desired

Itti, Laurent

446

Study of the brain connectivity in an Immersive Space Anne-Charlotte Philippe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study of the brain connectivity in an Immersive Space Anne-Charlotte Philippe ATHENA/INRIA Sophia of the brain connectivity. Both anatomical and functional data are attached to a mesh representing the brain the experience of the visualization of brain meshes in an immersive space for the specific study of brain con

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Brain-Computer Interface Control of an Anthropomorphic Robotic Arm.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis describes a brain-computer interface (BCI) system that was developed to allow direct cortical control of 7 active degrees of freedom in a robotic (more)

Clanton, Samuel T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Complex Networks - A Key to Understanding Brain Function  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The brain is a complex network of neurons, engaging in spontaneous and evoked activity that is thought to be the main substrate of mental life. How this complex system works together to process information and generate coherent cognitive states, even consciousness, is not yet well understood. In my talk I will review recent studies that have revealed characteristic structural and functional attributes of brain networks, and discuss efforts to build computational models of the brain that are informed by our growing knowledge of brain anatomy and physiology.

Olaf Sporns

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

449

Complex Networks - A Key to Understanding Brain Function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The brain is a complex network of neurons, engaging in spontaneous and evoked activity that is thought to be the main substrate of mental life. How this complex system works together to process information and generate coherent cognitive states, even consciousness, is not yet well understood. In my talk I will review recent studies that have revealed characteristic structural and functional attributes of brain networks, and discuss efforts to build computational models of the brain that are informed by our growing knowledge of brain anatomy and physiology.

Olaf Sporns

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Algorithms for enhanced spatiotemporal imaging of human brain function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of human brain function require technologies to non-invasively image neuronal dynamics with high spatiotemporal resolution. The electroencephalogram (EEG) and magnetoencephalogram (MEG) measure neuronal activity ...

Krishnaswamy, Pavitra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Chaotic physics in ferroelectrics hints at brain-like computing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory 865-574-7308 Chaotic physics in ferroelectrics hints at brain-like computing Unexpected behavior in ferroelectric materials explored by researchers...

452

Brain-Based Learning Theory: An Online Course Design Model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstract Abreena W. Tompkins. BRAIN-BASED LEARNING THEORY: AN ONLINE COURSE DESIGN MODEL (Under the direction of Dr. Steven Deckard) School of Education, February, 2006. The (more)

Tompkins, Abreena Walker

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Methodology and Techniques for Building Modular Brain-Computer Interfaces.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Commodity brain-computer interfaces (BCI) are beginning to accompany everything from toys and games to sophisticated health care devices. These contemporary interfaces allow for varying levels (more)

Cummer, Jason

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Quantum features of consciousness, computers and brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many people believe that mysterious phenomenon of consciousness may be connected with quantum features of our world. The present author proposed so-called Extended Everett's Concept (EEC) that allowed to explain consciousness and super-consciousness (intuitive knowledge). Brain, according to EEC, is an interface between consciousness and super-consciousness on the one part and body on the other part. Relations between all these components of the human cognitive system are analyzed in the framework of EEC. It is concluded that technical devices improving usage of super-consciousness (intuition) may exist.

Michael B. Mensky

2009-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

455

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M.ExtracellularBradbury Science MuseumBrain Receptor

456

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers ApplyResistant: A ComparisonBrain Receptor Structures

457

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers ApplyResistant: A ComparisonBrain Receptor

458

Whole Brain Irradiation With Hippocampal Sparing and Dose Escalation on Multiple Brain Metastases: A Planning Study on Treatment Concepts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To develop a new treatment planning strategy in patients with multiple brain metastases. The goal was to perform whole brain irradiation (WBI) with hippocampal sparing and dose escalation on multiple brain metastases. Two treatment concepts were investigated: simultaneously integrated boost (SIB) and WBI followed by stereotactic fractionated radiation therapy sequential concept (SC). Methods and Materials: Treatment plans for both concepts were calculated for 10 patients with 2-8 brain metastases using volumetric modulated arc therapy. In the SIB concept, the prescribed dose was 30 Gy in 12 fractions to the whole brain and 51 Gy in 12 fractions to individual brain metastases. In the SC concept, the prescription was 30 Gy in 12 fractions to the whole brain followed by 18 Gy in 2 fractions to brain metastases. All plans were optimized for dose coverage of whole brain and lesions, simultaneously minimizing dose to the hippocampus. The treatment plans were evaluated on target coverage, homogeneity, and minimal dose to the hippocampus and organs at risk. Results: The SIB concept enabled more successful sparing of the hippocampus; the mean dose to the hippocampus was 7.55 {+-} 0.62 Gy and 6.29 {+-} 0.62 Gy, respectively, when 5-mm and 10-mm avoidance regions around the hippocampus were used, normalized to 2-Gy fractions. In the SC concept, the mean dose to hippocampus was 9.8 {+-} 1.75 Gy. The mean dose to the whole brain (excluding metastases) was 33.2 {+-} 0.7 Gy and 32.7 {+-} 0.96 Gy, respectively, in the SIB concept, for 5-mm and 10-mm hippocampus avoidance regions, and 37.23 {+-} 1.42 Gy in SC. Conclusions: Both concepts, SIB and SC, were able to achieve adequate whole brain coverage and radiosurgery-equivalent dose distributions to individual brain metastases. The SIB technique achieved better sparing of the hippocampus, especially when a10-mm hippocampal avoidance region was used.

Prokic, Vesna, E-mail: vesna.prokic@uniklinik-freiburg.de [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany); Wiedenmann, Nicole; Fels, Franziska; Schmucker, Marianne [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany); Nieder, Carsten [Department of Oncology and Palliative Medicine, Nordland Hospital, Bodo (Norway) [Department of Oncology and Palliative Medicine, Nordland Hospital, Bodo (Norway); Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromso, Tromso (Norway); Grosu, Anca-Ligia [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Regulation of brain copper homeostasis by the brain barrier systems: Effects of Fe-overload and Fe-deficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Maintaining brain Cu homeostasis is vital for normal brain function. The role of systemic Fe deficiency (FeD) or overload (FeO) due to metabolic diseases or environmental insults in Cu homeostasis in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain tissues remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate how blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-SCF barrier (BCB) regulated Cu transport and how FeO or FeD altered brain Cu homeostasis. Rats received an Fe-enriched or Fe-depleted diet for 4 weeks. FeD and FeO treatment resulted in a significant increase (+ 55%) and decrease (- 56%) in CSF Cu levels (p < 0.05), respectively; however, neither treatment had any effect on CSF Fe levels. The FeD, but not FeO, led to significant increases in Cu levels in brain parenchyma and the choroid plexus. In situ brain perfusion studies demonstrated that the rate of Cu transport into the brain parenchyma was significantly faster in FeD rats (+ 92%) and significantly slower (- 53%) in FeO rats than in controls. In vitro two chamber Transwell transepithelial transport studies using primary choroidal epithelial cells revealed a predominant efflux of Cu from the CSF to blood compartment by the BCB. Further ventriculo-cisternal perfusion studies showed that Cu clearance by the choroid plexus in FeD animals was significantly greater than control (p < 0.05). Taken together, our results demonstrate that both the BBB and BCB contribute to maintain a stable Cu homeostasis in the brain and CSF. Cu appears to enter the brain primarily via the BBB and is subsequently removed from the CSF by the BCB. FeD has a more profound effect on brain Cu levels than FeO. FeD increases Cu transport at the brain barriers and prompts Cu overload in the CNS. The BCB plays a key role in removing the excess Cu from the CSF.

Monnot, Andrew D.; Behl, Mamta; Ho, Sanna; Zheng, Wei, E-mail: wzheng@purdue.edu

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

The new trend in back injury prevention programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reduction in Worker`s Compensation costs through lumbar strengthening programs is now a proven approach. This is the beginning of a new era in injury prevention. Imagine a test for muscle imbalance along with the strength of all the major muscle groups of every person on the mine site. Occupations, such as roof bolters, and operators of haul trucks, dozers, scrapers, continuous miners and shuttle cars could be tested for musculoskeletal strength of the spine and extremities. With this test data you could then compare your findings to the strength norms necessary for that person to perform his/her job task safely. Armed with this information, you could drastically reduce Workers` Compensation costs due to strains and sprains. Earl Hoerner, M.D. and Robert Wainwright, P.T. have consolidated these cutting-edge technologies that will produce the benchmark for industrial injury prevention for the next century. These technologies are available today, waiting to be used in an industrial setting by a management team with vision.

Rummerfield, P.D.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

An analysis of injury claims from low-seam coal mines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The restricted workspace present in low-seam coal mines forces workers to adopt awkward working postures (kneeling and stooping), which place high physical demands on the knee and lower back. This article provides an analysis of injury claims for eight mining companies operating low-seam coal mines during calendar years 1996-2008. All cost data were normalized using data on the cost of medical care (MPI) as provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Results of the analysis indicate that the knee was the body part that led in terms of claim cost ($4.2 million), followed by injuries to the lower back ($2.7 million). While the average cost per injury for these body parts was $13,100 and $14,400, respectively (close to the average cost of an injury overall), the high frequency of these injuries resulted in their pre-eminence in terms of cost. Analysis of data from individual mining companies suggest that knee and lower back injuries were a consistent problem across companies, as these injuries were each among the top five most costly part of body for seven out of eight companies studied. Results of this investigation suggest that efforts to reduce the frequency of knee and low back injuries in low-seam mines have the potential to create substantial cost savings.

Gallagher, S.; Moore, S.; Dempsey, P.G. [NIOSH, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Off-the-Job Injuries are on the Rise- and Costly  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Do you have an off-the-job safety program? Should you? The findings from a National Safety Council survey suggest that off-the-job injuries cost companies and society in general as much, if not more than on-the-job injuries!

463

Most Workers Who Suffer Head Injuries- Were Not Wearing Head Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A survey by the U.S. Department of Labors Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of accidents and injuries noted that most workers who suffered impact injuries to the head were not wearing head protection. In addition, the same survey showed that the majority of workers were injured while performing their normal jobs at their regular worksites.

464

RESEARCH FOUNDATION -STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK REPORT OF ACCIDENT OR INJURY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH FOUNDATION - STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK REPORT OF ACCIDENT OR INJURY (OTHER THAN A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT) Revised: July 2008 1. Date and T ime of accident: Date: T ime: 2. Date of Report: 3. T o be completed by Safety Supervisor: YEAR: NO.: SEQUENCE: FILE ID: 4. Did accident involve personal injury? Yes

Suzuki, Masatsugu

465

Citrobacter rodentium induced liver changes in C57BL/6 mice : animal model of acute inflammatory stress and injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The activation of inflammatory responses, while critical for host defense, contributes to hepatic injury in numerous acute and chronic liver disease states as well as drug-induced liver injury (DILI). The interactions that ...

Raczynski, Arkadiusz R. (Arkadiusz Roland)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

MAPPING THE ANKLE JOINTS PASSIVE MOTION AND MEASURING THE EFFECT OF INJURY ON LIGAMENT CONSTRAINT AT THE ANKLE JOINT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lateral ankle sprain is one of the most common sports injuries, and having a better understanding of how ligament constraint changes after injury can assist in accurately diagnosing ankle laxity, prevention, and recovery. The objective was to map...

West III, James E.

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

467

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Injuries in Agriculture: Recognizing and Preventing the Industry's Most Widespread Health and Safety Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Injuries in Agriculture: Recognizing and Preventing the Industry demonstrated that these potentially permanently disabling injuries are readily prevented using ergonomics that agricultural work is diverse and so agricultural ergonomics must bridge many specific problems with a flexible

Leistikow, Bruce N.

468

Incidence of Leukoencephalopathy After Whole-Brain Radiation Therapy for Brain Metastases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of leukoencephalopathy after whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) in patients with brain metastases. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed 111 patients who underwent WBRT for brain metastases from April 2001 through March 2008 and had evaluable computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at least 1 month after completion of WBRT. We evaluated the leukoencephalopathy according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0. The patients who had brain tumor recurrence after WBRT were censored at the last follow-up CT or MRI without recurrence. To evaluate the risk factors for leukoencephalopathy, bivariate analysis was performed using a logistic regression analysis adjusted for follow-up time. Factors included in the analysis were age, gender, dose fractionation, 5-fluorouracil, methotrexate, cisplatin, and other chemotherapeutic agents. Results: The median age of the 111 patients was 60.0 years (range, 23-89 years). The median follow-up was 3.8 months (range, 1.0-38.1 months). Leukoencephalopathy developed in 23 of the 111 patients. Grades 1, 2, and 3 were observed in 8, 7, and 8 patients, respectively. The incidence was 34.4% (11 of 32), 42.9% (6 of 14), 66.7% (2 of 3), and 100% (2 of 2) of the patients who were followed up for ?6, ?12, ?24, and ?36 months, respectively. In the bivariate analysis, older age (?65 years) was significantly correlated with higher risk of leukoencephalopathy (odds ratio 3.31; 95% confidence interval 1.15-9.50; P=.03). Conclusions: The incidence of leukoencephalopathy after WBRT was 34.4% with ?6 months follow-up, and increased with longer follow-up. Older age was a significant risk factor. The schedule of WBRT for patients with brain metastases should be carefully determined, especially for favorable patients.

Ebi, Junko, E-mail: junkoe@fmu.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan)] [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan); Sato, Hisashi; Nakajima, Masaru; Shishido, Fumio [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan)] [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Brief Introduction to BrainSpace V2.1 BrainSpace V2.1: Geometric mapping and diffusion-based software for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Brief Introduction to BrainSpace V2.1 BrainSpace V2.1: Geometric mapping and diffusion-based software for cross-subject multimodality brain imaging informatics Graphics and Imaging Laboratory Wayne for advanced and integrated analysis of brain imaging data. It is expected that the developed, advanced

Hua, Jing

470

Train Your Brain Math Club Train Your Brain Math Club meets on Fridays at 4:20-5:20pm. The aim is to teach high  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Train Your Brain Math Club Train Your Brain Math Club meets on Fridays at 4:20-5:20pm. The aim in joining Train Your Brain Math Club should call UAB Special Studies at (205)934-8263 and mention Train Your Brain Math Club. Contact information: Dr A. Blokh, Coordinator of Outreach Program Department

Blokh, Alexander

471

Right Brain/Left Brain Dominance Are you a global thinker or an analytical thinker? Identify which of the following traits you  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Right Brain/Left Brain Dominance Are you a global thinker or an analytical thinker? Identify track of your answers. Right Brain Dominant __ When given a task or assignment, you want to know why it if you mean to be. Left Brain Dominant __ When given a task or assignment, you don't always need to know

Westfall, Peter H.

472

Brain as quantum-like computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a contextualist statistical realistic model for quantum-like representations in physics, cognitive science and psychology. We apply this model to describe cognitive experiments to check quantum-like structures of mental processes. The crucial role is played by interference of probabilities for mental observables. Recently one of such experiments based on recognition of images was performed. This experiment confirmed our prediction on quantum-like behaviour of mind. In our approach ``quantumness of mind'' has no direct relation to the fact that the brain (as any physical body) is composed of quantum particles. We invented a new terminology ``quantum-like (QL) mind.'' Cognitive QL-behaviour is characterized by nonzero coefficient of interference $\\lambda.$ This coefficient can be found on the basis of statistical data. There is predicted not only $\\cos \\theta$-interference of probabilities, but also hyperbolic $\\cosh \\theta$-interference. This interference was never observed for physical systems, but we could not exclude this possibility for cognitive systems. We propose a model of brain functioning as QL-computer (there is discussed difference between quantum and QL computers).

Andrei Khrennikov

2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

473

Silibinin, dexamethasone, and doxycycline as potential therapeutic agents for treating vesicant-inflicted ocular injuries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are no effective and approved therapies against devastating ocular injuries caused by vesicating chemical agents sulfur mustard (SM) and nitrogen mustard (NM). Herein, studies were carried out in rabbit corneal cultures to establish relevant ocular injury biomarkers with NM for screening potential efficacious agents in laboratory settings. NM (100 nmol) exposure of the corneas for 2 h (cultured for 24 h), showed increases in epithelial thickness, ulceration, apoptotic cell death, epithelial detachment microbullae formation, and the levels of VEGF, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Employing these biomarkers, efficacy studies were performed with agent treatments 2 h and every 4 h thereafter, for 24 h following NM exposure. Three agents were evaluated, including prescription drugs dexamethasone (0.1%; anti-inflammatory steroid) and doxycycline (100 nmol; antibiotic and MMP inhibitor) that have been studied earlier for treating vesicant-induced eye injuries. We also examined silibinin (100 ?g), a non-toxic natural flavanone found to be effective in treating SM analog-induced skin injuries in our earlier studies. Treatments of doxycycline + dexamethasone, and silibinin were more effective than doxycycline or dexamethasone alone in reversing NM-induced epithelial thickening, microbullae formation, apoptotic cell death, and MMP-9 elevation. However, dexamethasone and silibinin alone were more effective in reversing NM-induced VEGF levels. Doxycycline, dexamethasone and silibinin were all effective in reversing NM-induced COX-2 levels. Apart from therapeutic efficacy of doxycycline and dexamethasone, these results show strong multifunctional efficacy of silibinin in reversing NM-induced ocular injuries, which could help develop effective and safe therapeutics against ocular injuries by vesicants. -- Highlights: ? Established injury biomarkers in rabbit corneal culture with nitrogen mustard (NM) ? This NM model is a cost effective system to evaluate and optimize therapeutics. ? Show that doxycycline and dexamethasone reduce NM-caused ocular injuries ? Demonstrate that silibinin effectively reverses NM-caused ocular injury endpoints ? Suggest optimization of identified agents against ocular injuries by vesicants.

Tewari-Singh, Neera, E-mail: Neera.Tewari-Singh@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Jain, Anil K., E-mail: Anil.Jain@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Inturi, Swetha, E-mail: Swetha.Inturi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Ammar, David A., E-mail: David.Ammar@ucdenver.edu [Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Agarwal, Chapla, E-mail: Chapla.Agarwal@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Tyagi, Puneet, E-mail: Puneet.Tyagi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Kompella, Uday B., E-mail: Uday.Kompella@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Enzenauer, Robert W., E-mail: Robert.Enzenauer@ucdenver.edu [Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Petrash, J. Mark, E-mail: Mark.Petrash@ucdenver.edu [Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States); Agarwal, Rajesh, E-mail: Rajesh.Agarwal@ucdenver.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Global Brain Gene Expression Analysis Links Glutamatergic and GABAergic Alterations to Suicide and Major Depression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SJ, Horton RW (1988) Brain GABAA/benzodiazepine bindingin depressed suicide victims. Brain Res 460: 114123. 18.labelled with [3H]MK-801, in brain samples from drug-free

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Memory, brain and aging: The good, the bad and the promising  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the healthy aging brain. Neu- ropsychology 23(5):54150.Development in the Adult Brain. New York, NY: Oxford Univinfluences on cognitive and brain plasticity during aging. J

Ober, Beth A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The Brain, Seizures and Epilepsy Throughout Life: Understanding a Moving Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SL. Why is the developing brain more susceptible to statusand relationship to epilepsy. Brain Dev 2009;31:366371. 46.child, adult, and aging brain is crucial for optimal

Baram, Tallie Z.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Nonlinear brain dynamics as macroscopic manifestation of underlying many-body field dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and should be done next. Brain dynamics and many-body fielddissipative quantum model of brain. Int J Mod Phys B14: 853-Neurotransmission and Late Brain Reorganization. New York:

Freeman, Walter J III; Vitiello, G

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Growth hormone responsive neural precursor cells reside within the adult mammalian brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

within the adult mammalian brain. Sci. Rep. 2, 250; DOI:of neurons from adult brain stem cells during recovery afterin the adult mammalian brain. J Neurosci 17, 50465061 (

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Brain-computer interface controlled functional electrical stimulation system for ankle movement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N: Breaking the silence: Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) forsignal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans.E: A novel P300-based brain- computer interface stimulus

Do, An H; Wang, Po T; King, Christine E; Abiri, Ahmad; Nenadic, Zoran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

E-Print Network 3.0 - auditory brain-stem response Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brain-stem response Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: auditory brain-stem response Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain Stem Response to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "traumatic brain injury" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

E-Print Network 3.0 - amusic brain lost Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

amusic brain lost Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: amusic brain lost Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Amusic Brain: Lost in Music,...

482

How Does the Brain Learn to Read? Guest Lecture by James R. Booth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Does the Brain Learn to Read? Guest Lecture by James R that general principles of brain development are key to reaching a deeper understanding) the specialization of brain regions for different computations and (2) the interaction between

Loudon, Catherine

483

Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior bertrand.thirion@inria.fr Abstract Spontaneous brain activity, as observed in functional neuroimaging, has been shown to display reproducible structure that expresses brain architecture and car- ries markers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

Characterization of a plasma membrane zinc transporter in rat brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ireland Ltd. Keywords: Ion transport; Membrane vesicles; Excitotoxicity; Zinc homeostasis; TransitionCharacterization of a plasma membrane zinc transporter in rat brain Robert A. Colvin* Department transport in the brain. This report provides convincing evidence of a zinc transporter in plasma membrane

485

DISTRIBUTED, WEB-BASED MICROSTRUCTURE DATABASE FOR BRAIN TISSUE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRIBUTED, WEB-BASED MICROSTRUCTURE DATABASE FOR BRAIN TISSUE A Thesis by WONRYULL KOH Submitted-BASED MICROSTRUCTURE DATABASE FOR BRAIN TISSUE A Thesis by WONRYULL KOH Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial) __________________________ Ian S. Russell (Member) __________________________ Wei Zhao (Head of Department

486

COMPUTATIONAL ROLE OF DISINHIBITION IN BRAIN FUNCTION A Dissertation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTATIONAL ROLE OF DISINHIBITION IN BRAIN FUNCTION A Dissertation by YINGWEI YU Submitted OF DISINHIBITION IN BRAIN FUNCTION A Dissertation by YINGWEI YU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Takashi Yamauchi Head of Department, Valerie E. Taylor August 2006 Major Subject: Computer Science #12;iii

Choe, Yoonsuck

487

auditory brain stem implantation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

auditory brain stem implantation First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Auditory Brain Stem...

488

alzheimer disease brain: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alzheimer disease brain First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Brain MRI segmentation for the...

489

adult brain tumor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brain tumor First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Transcriptional signature of an adult brain...

490

auditory brain stem implants: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brain stem implants First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Auditory Brain Stem Response to...

491

Brain of the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana): Neuroanatomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain of the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana): Neuroanatomy From Magnetic Resonance Images images of the brain of an adult Afri- can elephant, Loxodonta africana, in the axial and parasagittal ) and of the neocortical and cerebellar gray and white matter. The white matter-to-gray matter ratio in the elephant neo

Allman, John M.

492

Monte Carlo simulation of quantum Zeno effect in the brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental decoherence appears to be the biggest obstacle for successful construction of quantum mind theories. Nevertheless, the quantum physicist Henry Stapp promoted the view that the mind could utilize quantum Zeno effect to influence brain dynamics and that the efficacy of such mental efforts would not be undermined by environmental decoherence of the brain. To address the physical plausibility of Stapp's claim, we modeled the brain using quantum tunneling of an electron in a multiple-well structure such as the voltage sensor in neuronal ion channels and performed Monte Carlo simulations of quantum Zeno effect exerted by the mind upon the brain in the presence or absence of environmental decoherence. The simulations unambiguously showed that the quantum Zeno effect breaks down for timescales greater than the brain decoherence time. To generalize the Monte Carlo simulation results for any n-level quantum system, we further analyzed the change of brain entropy due to the mind probing actions and proved a theorem according to which local projections cannot decrease the von Neumann entropy of the unconditional brain density matrix. The latter theorem establishes that Stapp's model is physically implausible but leaves a door open for future development of quantum mind theories provided the brain has a decoherence-free subspace.

Danko Georgiev

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

493

Discriminative, Semantic Segmentation of Brain Tissue in MR Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discriminative, Semantic Segmentation of Brain Tissue in MR Images Zhao Yi1 , Antonio Criminisi2 , Jamie Shotton2 , and Andrew Blake2 1 University of California, Los Angeles, USA. zyi@ucla.edu. 2 is presented for the automatic segmentation and classification of brain tissue from 3D MR scans. It uses

Soatto, Stefano

494

Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources Heleen A. Slagter1 , Antoine Lutz1 is believed to result from competition between the two targets for limited attentional resources. Here we show, or mental training, affects the distribution of limited brain resources. Three months of intensive mental

Nieuwenhuis, Sander

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - artery simulating brain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

study describes a theoretical model of brain cooling by intracarotid cold saline infusion which takes into Summary: of the brain through the anterior communicating artery, or...

496

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic brain tumor Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modification of Atlas Priors 1 Marcel... (919) 962-1836 prastawa@cs.unc.edu Running head: AUTOMATIC BRAIN TUMOR SEGMENTATION Academic Radiology... ;Automatic Brain and ......

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - abnormal brain connection Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: abnormal brain connection Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 White Matter Abnormalities in Whole Brain and its Regional Specificity in Chronic...

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach demonstrates brain Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Detection of Regional Protein Changes in Rat Brain Sections Using Computer-assisted Image Analysis... concentrationwas also varied in tissue discsmade frommixingrat brain ......

499

Towards the study of functional brain development in depression: An Interactive Specialization approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University in St. Louis, Saint Louis, MO, USA c The Edward Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington: Depression Brain Brain development Interactive Specialization Preschool depression Pediatric depression

Wang, Yan Mei

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - abnormal brain morphology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the warped versions of the brain with different ... Source: Columbia University, Pediatric Brain Imaging Laboratory; Shen, Dinggang - Biomedical Research Imaging Center &...