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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

New coke-sorting system at OAO Koks  

SciTech Connect

A new coke-sorting system has been introduced at OAO Koks. It differs from the existing system in that it has no bunkers for all-purpose coke but only bunkers for commercial coke. In using this system with coke from battery 4, the crushing of the coke on conveyer belts, at roller screens, and in the commercial-coke bunkers is studied. After installing braking elements in the coke path, their effectiveness in reducing coke disintegration and improving coke screening is investigated. The granulometric composition and strength of the commercial coke from coke battery 3, with the new coke-sorting system, is evaluated.

B.Kh. Bulaevskii; V.S. Shved; Yu.V. Kalimin; S.D. Filippov [OAO Koks, Kemerovo (Russian Federation)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

New designs in the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent Giprokoks designs for the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems, high-productivity vibrational-inertial screens have been employed. This permits single-stage screening and reduction in capital and especially operating expenditures, without loss of coke quality. In two-stage screening, >80 mm coke (for foundry needs) is additionally separated, with significant improvement in quality of the metallurgical coke (25-80 mm). New designs for the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems employ mechanical treatment of the coke outside the furnace, which offers new scope for stabilization of coke quality and permits considerable improvement in mechanical strength and granulometric composition of the coke by mechanical crushing.

A.S. Larin; V.V. Demenko; V.L. Voitanik [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Problem of improving coke oven gas purification systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A discussion of the problems of improving desulfurization processes of coke oven gas was presented. Of particular interest were control systems and increasing capacity of the coke ovens. Included in the discussion were the vacuum-carbonate and arsenic-soda sulfur removal systems. Problems involved with these systems were the number of treatment operations, the volume of the reagents used, and the operation of equipment for naphthalene and cyanide removal.

Goldin, I.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

Not Available

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

5

Dale Coke: Coke Farm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dale Coke Photo by Benjamin J. Myers.2009. Coke FarmDale Coke grew up on an apricot orchard in California’s

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Dry purification of aspirational air in coke-sorting systems with wet slaking of coke  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coke transportation after wet slaking is accompanied by the release of dust in the production building and in the surrounding atmosphere. Wet methods are traditionally used to purify very humid air. Giprokoks has developed designs for highly efficient dry dust-removal methods in such conditions.

T.F. Trembach; A.G. Klimenko [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

Not Available

1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

8

Short Survey: Intelligent switching expert system for delayed coking unit based on iterative learning strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delayed coking is the most effective process to decarbonize and demetallize heavy petroleum residues. However, it relies much on the field engineers' experiences and expertise in practice for operating the controllers effectively and compatibly in delayed ... Keywords: Delayed coking, Expert system, Intelligent control, Iterative learning

Xiaodong Yu; Yujie Wei; Dexian Huang; Yongheng Jiang; Bo Liu; Yihui Jin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Development of an impedance-based sensor for the detection of catalyst coking in fuel-reforming systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel sensor for detecting the early stages of catalyst coking in fuel reforming systems has been developed. The sensor was manufactured by inkjet printing… (more)

Wheeler, Jeffrey L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Design and construction of coke battery 1A at Radlin coke plant, Poland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the design and construction of coke battery 1A at Radlin coke plant (Poland), coking of rammed coke with a stationary system was employed for the first time. The coke batteries are grouped in blocks. Safety railings are provided on the coke and machine sides of the maintenance areas.

A.M. Kravchenko; D.P. Yarmoshik; V.B. Kamenyuka; G.E. Kos'kova; N.I. Shkol'naya; V.V. Derevich; A.S. Grankin [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Down hole transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transmission system in a downhole component comprises a data transmission element in both ends of the downhole component. Each data transmission element houses an electrically conducting coil in a MCEI circular trough. The electrically conducting coil comprises at least two generally fractional loops. In the preferred embodiment, the transmission elements are connected by an electrical conductor. Preferably, the electrical conductor is a coaxial cable. Preferably, the MCEI trough comprises ferrite. In the preferred embodiment, the fractional loops are connected by a connecting cable. In one aspect of the present invention, the connecting cable is a pair of twisted wires. In one embodiment the connecting cable is a shielded pair of twisted wires. In another aspect of the present invention, the connecting cable is a coaxial cable. The connecting cable may be disposed outside of the MCEI circular trough.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT)

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

12

Downhole transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transmission system in a downhole component comprises a data transmission element in both ends of the downhole component. Each data transmission element houses an electrically conducting coil in a MCEI circular trough. An electrical conductor connects both the transmission elements. The electrical conductor comprises at least three electrically conductive elements insulated from each other. In the preferred embodiment the electrical conductor comprises an electrically conducting outer shield, an electrically conducting inner shield and an electrical conducting core. In some embodiments of the present invention, the electrical conductor comprises an electrically insulating jacket. In other embodiments, the electrical conductor comprises a pair of twisted wires. In some embodiments, the electrical conductor comprises semi-conductive material.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Electric Transmission System Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lauren Azar Lauren Azar Senior Advisor to Secretary Chu November 2, 2012 Electric Transmission System Workshop We all have "visions," in one form or another: * Corporations call them strategic plans * RTOs ... transmission expansion plans or Order 1000 plans * State PUCs ... integrated resource plans * Employees ... career goals Visions for the Future Artist: Paolo Frattesi Artist: Paolo Frattesi Uncertainty = changing industry Changes in technology, threats and policies Can we make decisions in the face of change? .......How can we not? Can we agree on several key design attributes for the future grid? Taking Action in the Face of Uncertainty Step 1: Establish common ground on key design attributes GTT's Proposed Key Design Attributes:

14

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Volume 1, Public design report  

SciTech Connect

This Public Design Report provides, in a single document, available nonproprietary design -information for the ``Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit Applications`` Demonstration Project at Bethlehem Steel Corporation`s Sparrows Point, Maryland coke oven by-product facilities. This project demonstrates, for the first time in the United States, the feasibility of integrating four commercially available technologies (processes) for cleaning coke oven gas. The four technologies are: Secondary Gas Cooling, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Removal, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Recovery, and Ammonia Destruction and Sulfur Recovery. In addition to the design aspects, the history of the project and the role of the US Department of,Energy are briefly discussed. Actual plant capital and projected operating costs are also presented. An overview of the integration (retrofit) of the processes into the existing plant is presented and is followed by detailed non-proprietary descriptions of the four technologies and their overall effect on reducing the emissions of ammonia, sulfur, and other pollutants from coke oven gas. Narrative process descriptions, simplified process flow diagrams, input/output stream data, operating conditions, catalyst and chemical requirements, and utility requirements are given for each unit. Plant startup provisions, environmental considerations and control monitoring, and safety considerations are also addressed for each process.

Not Available

1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

15

Choosing a coke-oven gas desulfurization system: a review of current technology  

SciTech Connect

Installation of coke-oven gas desulphurizing systems is primarily the result of air pollution control regulations. Although not currently profitable, operating costs can be minimized by choosing the technology most suited to the particular application. The Stretford Holmes, Takahax/Hirohax, Koppers Vacuum Carbonate, Sulfiban and Dravo/Still processes are discussed, together with criteria for economic analysis based on technical and by-product market evaluations.

Lynch, P.A.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A PRECISION ANALOG FIBER OPTIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Fibers for Transmission, John Wiley and Sons, 9.Laboratories, Transmission Systems for Communications, BellANALOG FIBER OPTIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM G. Stover M.S. Thesis

Stover, G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Proposal of a novel multifunctional energy system for cogeneration of coke, hydrogen, and power - article no. 052001  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes a novel multifunctional energy system (MES), which cogenerates coke, hydrogen, and power, through the use of coal and coke oven gas (COG). In this system, a new type of coke oven, firing coal instead of COG as heating resource for coking, is adopted. The COG rich in H{sub 2} is sent to a pressure swing adsorption (PSA) unit to separate about 80% of hydrogen first, and then the PSA purge gas is fed to a combined cycle as fuel. The new system combines the chemical processes and power generation system, along with the integration of chemical conversion and thermal energy utilization. In this manner, both the chemical energy of fuel and thermal energy can be used more effectively. With the same inputs of fuel and the same output of coking heat, the new system can produce about 65% more hydrogen than that of individual systems. As a result, the thermal efficiency of the new system is about 70%, and the exergy efficiency is about 66%. Compared with individual systems, the primary energy saving ratio can reach as high as 12.5%. Based on the graphical exergy analyses, we disclose that the integration of synthetic utilization of COG and coal plays a significant role in decreasing the exergy destruction of the MES system. The promising results obtained may lead to a clean coal technology that will utilize COG and coal more efficiently and economically.

Jin, H.G.; Sun, S.; Han, W.; Gao, L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

New packing in absorption systems for trapping benzene from coke-oven gas  

SciTech Connect

The efficiency of benzene removal from coke-oven gas in absorption units OAO Alchevskkoks with new packing is assessed.

V.V. Grabko; V.M. Li; T.A. Shevchenko; M.A. Solov'ev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Problem of sludge formation in benzol division solar oil and ''carbonization'' in coke oven gas compressor systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A discussion is presented on the problem and possible causes of sludge formation in the return solar oil in benzene recovery units and on the problem of deposits in the pipe systems after coke oven gas compressors. The possible entrainment of fine particles of coal charge in the solar oil was also discussed. Sedimentation of the sludge was recommended with daily removal of the settled sludge. A chemical analysis of the deposits in the piping system of the coke oven gas and the coal charge revealed that the deposits were not caused by entrained coal particles. (JMT)

Rezunenko, Y.I.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission System Vegetation Management Program June 23, 2000 EIS-0285: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Transmission System Vegetation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book covers all stages of cable system design and operation, from initial planning studies to failure analysis. It contains contributions from many of the industry's experts and represents practices from all parts of the United States.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Downhole Data Transmission System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for transmitting data through a string of down-hole components. In accordance with one aspect, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. Each downhole component includes a pin end and a box end, with the pin end of one downhole component being adapted to be connected to the box end of another. Each pin end includes external threads and an internal pin face distal to the external threads. Each box end includes an internal shoulder face with internal threads distal to the internal shoulder face. The internal pin face and the internal shoulder face are aligned with and proximate each other when the pin end of the one component is threaded into a box end of the other component.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2004-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

23

Downhole Data Transmission System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for transmitting data through a string of downhole components. In one aspect, the system includes first and second magnetically conductive, electrically insulating elements at both ends of the component. Each element includes a first U-shaped trough with a bottom, first and second sides and an opening between the two sides. Electrically conducting coils are located in each trough. An electrical conductor connects the coils in each component. In operation, a varying current applied to a first coil in one component generates a varying magnetic field in the first magnetically conductive, electrically insulating element, which varying magnetic field is conducted to and thereby produces a varying magnetic field in the second magnetically conductive, electrically insulating element of a connected component, which magnetic field thereby generates a varying electrical current in the second coil in the connected component.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

DOE Transmission System Integration Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heyeck, AEP, Sr. Vice President, Transmission Heyeck, AEP, Sr. Vice President, Transmission and Chair, EPRI Power Delivery & Utilization Sector Council November 01-02, 2012 DoubleTree Hotel, Crystal City Washington D.C. DOE Transmission System Integration Workshop 2 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Near-Zero Emissions Long-Term Operations Renewable Integration Water Management Electric Vehicles Demand Response & Efficiency Renewable Energy Energy Storage Sensors & Control Cyber Security Supply = Demand The Power System Supply to Demand Requires a full portfolio of innovative technologies. Tomorrow's Power System One size does not fit all 3 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Grid Transformation to Ensure Reliability, Efficiency, Resiliency and Security

25

Trends in the automation of coke production  

SciTech Connect

Up-to-date mathematical methods, such as correlation analysis and expert systems, are employed in creating a model of the coking process. Automatic coking-control systems developed by Giprokoks rule out human error. At an existing coke battery, after introducing automatic control, the heating-gas consumption is reduced by {>=}5%.

R.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; K.G. Lavrov [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Transmission System SQRA Assessment Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Market conditions and increasingly stringent regulatory requirements have focused attention on metrics that quantify the Security, Quality, Reliability, and Availability (SQRA) of transmission systems. This report summarizes the state-of-the-art in performance metrics, provides four case studies of their use, and discusses future trends in reliability metrics, congestion metrics, and benchmarking.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

American Transmission Systems Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Transmission Systems Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 56162 Utility Location Yes Ownership T NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA...

28

Ultra-Long-Haul WDM transmission systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the key transmission issues and design considerations for ultra-long-haul WDM systems. The key enabling technologies for the current generation of ultra-long-haul WDM transmission are described. Noise analysis and transmission modelling ...

Y. R. Zhou; A. Lord; S. R. Sikora

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

DOE Electricity Transmission System Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRANSMISSION SYSTEM WORKSHOP TRANSMISSION SYSTEM WORKSHOP Mapping Challenges and Opportunities to Help Guide DOE R&D Investments over the Next Five Years DoubleTree Crystal City, 300 Army Navy Drive, Arlington, VA November 1-2, 2012 AGENDA Thursday, November 1, 2012 8:00-8:10 Welcome and Kickoff David Sandalow, Acting Undersecretary of Energy 8:10-8:30 Introduction to the Grid Tech Team (GTT), Vision, and Framework Distribution Workshop Summary Dr. Anjan Bose, Grid Tech Team Lead 8:30-8:50 OE Vision, Activities, and Issues Patricia A. Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) 8:50-9:10 EERE Vision, Activities, and Issues Dr. David Danielson, Assistant Secretary for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

30

The Development of HVDC Transmission System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever increasing process of high-voltage high-power fully controlled semiconductor technology has promoted the flexible ac transmission systems ahead significantly. Developments advance both the HVDC power transmission and the flexible ac transmission ... Keywords: converters station, HVDC transmission systems, power electronics

Yang Zhou; Dao Zhuojiang; Yu Fenwang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Transmission System Reliability Performance Metrics Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission availability has become the significant indicator of overall transmission system operational health, due to increased utilization of the transmission system, growth of deregulated energy wholesale markets, and decreased investment in new transmission assets. Availability trends reflect the increasing dependence upon transmission assets from a technical and market perspective. Presently availability metrics lack comparability due to the non-standardization of underlying data collection method...

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

32

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Environmental Monitoring program. Volume 1 - sampling progrom report. Baseline Sampling Program report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This innovative coke oven gas cleaning system combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE provided cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct and Environmental Monitoring Plan for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. It also requires the preparation of a final report on the results of the Baseline Compliance and Supplemental Sampling Programs that are part of the EMP and which were conducted prior to the startup of the innovative coke oven gas cleaning system. This report is the Baseline Sampling Program report.

Stuart, L.M.

1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

33

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 1, January 1, 1991--June 30, 1991  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

Not Available

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

34

Petroleum Coke VBD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2011 ... Electrode Technology for Aluminium Production: Petroleum Coke VBD ... of Calcined Petroleum Coke: Jignesh Panchal1; Mark Wyborney1; ...

35

Low cost Image Transmission System  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the Department of Energy (DOE) complex, sites protect themselves with intrusion detection systems. Some of these systems have sensors in remote areas. These sensors frequently alarm -- not because they have detected a terrorist skulking around the area, but because they have detected a horse, or a dog, or a bush moving in the breeze. Even though the local security force is 99% sure there is no real threat, they must assess each of these nuisance or false alarms. Generally, the procedure consists of dispatching an inspector to drive to the area and make an assessment. This is expensive in terms of manpower and the assessment is not timely. Often, by the time the inspector arrives, the cause of the alarm has vanished. A television camera placed to view the area protected by the sensor could be used to help in this assessment, but this requires the installation of high-quality cable, optical fiber, or a microwave link. Further, to be of use at the present time, the site must have had the foresight to have installed these facilities in the past and have them ready for use now. What is needed is a device to place between the television camera and a modem connecting to a low-bandwidth channel such as radio or a telephone line. This paper discusses the development of such a device: an Image Transmission System, or ITS.

Skogmo, D.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

DOE Electricity Transmission System Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(including regional diversity, AC-DC transmission and distribution solutions, microgrids, energy storage, and centralized-decentralized control) * Accommodates two-way flows...

37

Coke briquettes  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a briquette suitable for use as an auxiliary fuel in a shaft furnace for melting of mineral in the manufacture of mineral wool which comprises: 30-75% by weight, based on the dry weight of the briquettes, of particles of coke fines or coal fines or both, the fines consisting essentially of particles having a particle size of from 2 to 25 mm; at least 7% by weight, based on the dry weight of the briquette, of a hydraulic binder; and at least 15% by weight, based on the dry weight of the briquette, of a fine grain oxidic mineral component selected from the group consisting of sand, slag, stone powder, fly ash, limestone powder, dolomite powder, silicon dioxide, and waste material from mineral wool manufacturer, the fine grain oxidic mineral component having a particle size of less than 2 mm.

Anderson, D.B.; Juhlin, N.J.W.; Gillenium, C.I.; Kjell-Berger, O.; Brinck, O.R.

1987-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

38

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Place Carmel, IN References SGIC1 No information has been entered for this organization. Add Organization This article is a...

39

Transmission System: Loss Reduction and Utilization Enhancement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI R&D program 172Efficient Transmission Systems for a Carbon-Constrained Worldcomprises base research activities and a series of demonstration projects under the collaborative efforts led by EPRI, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and the transmission industry. The program's goal is to understand, through real-life examples, designs that can help build a more efficient transmission system. Base research and development activities under program P172 have set the foundation for the demons...

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

Methods, apparatus, and systems for monitoring transmission systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensing platform for monitoring a transmission system, and method therefor, may include a sensor that senses one or more conditions relating to a condition of the transmission system and/or the condition of an environment around the transmission system. A control system operatively associated with the sensor produces output data based on an output signal produced by the sensor. A transmitter operatively associated with the control system transmits the output data from the control system.

Polk, Robert E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); West, Phillip B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Heath, Gail L. (Iona, ID); Scott, Clark L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Reducing dust emissions at OAO Alchevskkoks coke battery 10A  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coke battery 10A with rammed batch is under construction at OAO Alchevskkoks. The design documentation developed by Giprokoks includes measures for reducing dust emissions to the atmosphere. Aspiration systems with dry dust trapping are employed in the new components of coke battery 10A and in the existing coke-sorting equipment. Two-stage purification of dusty air in cyclones and bag filters is employed for the coke-sorting equipment. This system considerably reduces coke-dust emissions to the atmosphere.

T.F. Trembach; E.N. Lanina [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Green Island Power Authority Transmission Voltage Support System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Island Power Authority Transmission Voltage Support System Project Green Island Power Authority Transmission Voltage Support System Project Power point presentation...

43

Hydraulic system for a ratio change transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a drive assembly (10) for an electrically powered vehicle (12). The assembly includes a transaxle (16) having a two-speed transmission (40) and a drive axle differential (46) disposed in a unitary housing assembly (38), an oil-cooled prime mover or electric motor (14) for driving the transmission input shaft (42), an adapter assembly (24) for supporting the prime mover on the transaxle housing assembly, and a hydraulic system (172) providing pressurized oil flow for cooling and lubricating the electric motor and transaxle and for operating a clutch (84) and a brake (86) in the transmission to shift between the two-speed ratios of the transmission. The adapter assembly allows the prime mover to be supported in several positions on the transaxle housing. The brake is spring-applied and locks the transmission in its low-speed ratio should the hydraulic system fail. The hydraulic system pump is driven by an electric motor (212) independent of the prime mover and transaxle.

Kalns, Ilmars (Northville, MI)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Giprokoks proposals for improvement in air quality at coke battery 1A of Radlin coke plant  

SciTech Connect

Coke battery 1A, which uses rammed batch, has gone into production at Radlin coke plant (Poland), on the basis of Giprokoks designs. Up-to-date dust-trapping methods are used for the first time within the aspiration systems in the coal-preparation shop and in improving dust collection within the production buildings.

T.F. Trembach; A.G. Klimenko [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Reassessment of Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) Transmission System Benefits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report reassesses the benefits of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) for enhancing transmission system performance.

2002-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

46

Economical Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Economical Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke ... " Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke Beyond 1600'C" by Christopher A. Paul of Great Lakes ...

47

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications: Environmental Monitoring Program. Volume 3, Appendix sections 8--14: Baseline Sampling Program report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains no text. It consists entirely of numerical data: Coke oven wastewater treatment performance; Ammonia still effluents to equalization tank; Stack gas analysis of coke oven batteries; CoaL consumption; Coke production; Supplemental OSHA employee exposure monitoring(hydrocarbons,ammonia, hydrogen sulfide); operating data; chemical products and coke oven gas production.

Stuart, L.M.

1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

48

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 19, 2002 July 19, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-96: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program, Snohomish District Substations July 19, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-70: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 9, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-81: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 1, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-84: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 1, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-80: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 1, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-78: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program June 21, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-75: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program May 31, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-58: Supplement Analysis

49

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 20, 2003 February 20, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-123: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 19, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-126: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 18, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-125: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 18, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-124: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 12, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-121: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 10, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-120: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program, Benton County, Washington January 16, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-117: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program December 24, 2002

50

Electrical Safety Practices in Underground Transmission Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses utility safety practices relating to underground transmission cables and provides analytical approaches and worked examples for induced voltages and currents for several scenarios that may be encountered by utilities.BackgroundSafety is of paramount importance in all areas of utility system operations. All utilities have safety practices and procedures in place to protect their workers and the public ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

51

Coke Gasification - A Solution to Excess Coke Capacity and High Energy Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

United States crude slate is becoming heavier and generally higher in sulfur. At the same time demand of distillate products is increasing. Refiners are reworking their plans to include resid conversion via coking and approximately 230,000 BPD of new coking capacity is either under construction or announced. Even if 50 percent of the coke produced is exported, there will be an excess capacity of coke selling at less than $30/ton depending upon the sulfur content. This coke can be gasified effectively to produce medium-Btu (300 Btu/scf) gas which, in turn, can fuel the refinery furnaces to replace natural gas. Coke gasification should prove economical with natural gas price decontrol and the average price projected to rise to over $14.0 per million Btu in 1990. The paper will discuss three gasifiers - Gesellschaft fur Kohle-Technologie Gmbh (GKT), Texaco and Westinghouse which may be used for the production of medium-Btu gas from coke. The design parameters, which for coke gasification may be different from coal gasification because of the difference in physical and chemical characteristics of coke and coal, will be evaluated. Conceptual design will be performed based upon normal fuel requirements of about 20 billion Btu per day for a typical 50,000 BPD refinery. Adaptability of coke derived gas to refinery fuel systems will be discussed in terms of flame temperatures, flue gas volumes, derating and required furnace modifications. Estimates of capital and operating costs will be obtained to calculate the gas cost using the new tax laws. Finally, the GKT gasifier will be compared to the developing Texaco and Westinghouse gasifiers to assess the effect of second generation gasifiers on the economics of coke gasification.

Patel, S. S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Single transmission line data acquisition system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single transmission line interrogated multiple channel data acquisition system is provided in which a plurality of remote station/sensors monitor specific process variables and transmit measurement values over the single transmission line to a master station when addressed by the master station. Power for all remote stations (up to 980) is provided by driving the line with constant voltage supplied from the master station and automatically maintained independent of the number of remote stations directly connected to the line. The transmission line can be an RG-62 coaxial cable with lengths up to about 10,000 feet with branches up to 500 feet. The remote stations can be attached randomly along the line. The remote stations can be scanned at rates up to 980 channels/second.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Data transmission system with distributed microprocessors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A data transmission system having a common request line and a special request line in addition to a transmission line. The special request line has priority over the common request line. A plurality of node stations are multi-drop connected to the transmission line. Among the node stations, a supervising station is connected to the special request line and takes precedence over other slave stations to become a master station. The master station collects data from the slave stations. The station connected to the common request line can assign a master control function to any station requesting to be assigned the master control function within a short period of time. Each station has an auto response control circuit. The master station automatically collects data by the auto response controlling circuit independently of the microprocessors of the slave stations.

Nambu, Shigeo (Fuchu, JP)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Transmission System Efficiency Technology and Methodology Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing the carbon footprint of the electric power industry and increasing the role of renewable energy are crucial parts of a strategy for the greening of electric energy supply. This work describes the technological options available to reduce losses in transmission systems. It presents a comprehensive framework that can be applied consistently and uniformly to all energy efficiency demonstration projects to identify and quantify the various types of benefits in a standardized manner. The framework id...

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Electrical Safety Practices of Underground Transmission Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety is of paramount importance in all areas of utility system operations. All utilities have safety practices and procedures in place to protect their workers and the public and are diligent about monitoring compliance. However, underground transmission cables present unique requirements that might not be covered in existing utility safety practices. This report addresses the grounding requirements and induced voltage calculation procedures that should be considered when performing operation, mainten...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

Transmission System Performance Analysis for High-Penetration Photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study is an assessment of the potential impact of high levels of penetration of photovoltaic (PV) generation on transmission systems. The effort used stability simulations of a transmission system with different levels of PV generation and load.

Achilles, S.; Schramm, S.; Bebic, J.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Multi-transmission-line-beam interactive system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct here a Lagrangian field formulation for a system consisting of an electron beam interacting with a slow-wave structure modeled by a possibly non-uniform multiple transmission line (MTL). In the case of a single line we recover the linear model of a traveling wave tube (TWT) due to J.R. Pierce. Since a properly chosen MTL can approximate a real waveguide structure with any desired accuracy, the proposed model can be used in particular for design optimization. Furthermore, the Lagrangian formulation provides for: (i) a clear identification of the mathematical source of amplification, (ii) exact expressions for the conserved energy and its flux distributions obtained from the Noether theorem. In the case of uniform MTLs we carry out an exhaustive analysis of eigenmodes and find sharp conditions on the parameters of the system to provide for amplifying regimes.

Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

58

DOE Action Plan Addressing the Electricity Transmission System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ACTION PLAN ADDRESSING THE ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION SYSTEM ~DRAFT~ DOE Action Plan Addressing the Electricity Transmission System 1 Table of Contents * INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 2 The Grid Tech Team ...................................................................................................... 2 Focus on Transmission .................................................................................................. 3 Roadmap Goals ............................................................................................................. 4 * PROCESS OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................... 5

59

Definition: Coke | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coke A solid carbonaceous residue derived from low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal; used as a fuel and a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. Coke from...

60

Met coke world summit 2005  

SciTech Connect

Papers are presented under the following session headings: industry overview and market outlook; coke in the Americas; the global coke industry; and new developments. All the papers (except one) only consist of a copy of the overheads/viewgraphs.

NONE

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Category:Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transmission Systems category. Transmission Systems category. Pages in category "Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems" The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. A American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project D Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC Smart Grid Project E Entergy Services, Inc. Smart Grid Project I ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project M Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project N New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project P PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project W Western Electricity Coordinating Council Smart Grid Project Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Smart_Grid_Projects_-_Electric_Transmission_Systems&oldid=214227

62

CARBON TECHNOLOGY: I: Petroleum Coke  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CARBON TECHNOLOGY: Session I: Petroleum Coke. Sponsored by: LMD Aluminum Committee Program Organizer: Jean-Claude Thomas , Aluminium ...

63

Coking and gasification process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved coking process for normally solid carbonaceous materials wherein the yield of liquid product from the coker is increased by adding ammonia or an ammonia precursor to the coker. The invention is particularly useful in a process wherein coal liquefaction bottoms are coked to produce both a liquid and a gaseous product. Broadly, ammonia or an ammonia precursor is added to the coker ranging from about 1 to about 60 weight percent based on normally solid carbonaceous material and is preferably added in an amount from about 2 to about 15 weight percent.

Billimoria, Rustom M. (Houston, TX); Tao, Frank F. (Baytown, TX)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

THE PUSH TOWARD GRID REGIONALIZATION IN OPEN ACCESS TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the establishment of open access transmission in the US, while the Electricity Directive 96/92 of the European Union robust competition in wholesale electricity markets and mandate transmission-owning utilities to provideTHE PUSH TOWARD GRID REGIONALIZATION IN OPEN ACCESS TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS ProfessorGeorge Gross

Gross, George

65

Computer aided design of long-haul optical transmission systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a general overview of the role of computer models in the design and optimization of commercial optical transmission systems. Specifically, we discuss (1) the role of modeling in a commercial setting, (2) achieving the proper balance between ... Keywords: Long-Haul (LH) transmission, Ultra-Long Haul (ULH) transmission, optical communication, optical modeling

James G. Maloney; Brian E. Brewington; Curtis R. Menyuk

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) Energy Storage Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a nonprofit member-based organization regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). As a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO), MISO provides electricity consumers in 13 states with regional grid management and open access to transmission facilities at a tariff closely regulated by FERC. MISO follows a cycle known as the MISO Transmission Expansion Plan (MTEP) that results in annual recommendations to proceed with expansion pro...

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

67

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 3, January 1, 1991--December 31, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

Not Available

1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

68

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOEEIS-0285SA-21) Joe Johnson - TFSKalispell - Natural Resource...

69

Definition: Transmission Line Monitoring System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Monitoring System Monitoring System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Line Monitoring System Hardware, software, including sensors for voltage, current, temperature, mechanical load, wind speed, or other electrical or environmental parameters, including synchrophasors. These systems are designed to provide precise information that determine the operating conditions and ratings of transmission lines. Such a system can monitor line conditions and alert grid operators of trouble.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/transmission_line_monitoring_system [[Ca LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. tegory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid,

70

Water protection in coke-plant design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wastewater generation, water consumption, and water management at coke plants are considered. Measures to create runoff-free water-supply and sewer systems are discussed. Filters for water purification, corrosion inhibitors, and biocides are described. An integrated single-phase technology for the removal of phenols, thiocyanides, and ammoniacal nitrogen is outlined.

G.I. Alekseev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Radio frequency communication system utilizing radiating transmission lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radio communication system for use in tunnels, mines, buildings or other shielded locations in which a pair of radiating transmission lines (30), (31) extend through such location in spaced coextensive relation to each other. Each transmission line (30), (31) has at least one unidirectional amplifier (32), (33) interposed therein with the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (32) of one transmission line (30) being opposite to the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (33) of the other transmission line (31). Each of the amplifiers (32), (33) has a gain which is less than the coupling loss between the transmission lines (30), (31). Two or more mobile transceivers (35) in the location served by the system are coupled to the transmission lines (30), (31) by electromagnetic wave propagation in space in order to communicate directly with each other at a given radio frequency within the frequency range of the system.

Struven, Warren C. (San Carlos, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Coke | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

18 18 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278418 Varnish cache server Coke Dataset Summary Description UK National coal (and solid fuels and gases derived from processing coal) are published in Chapter 2 (Solid Fuels and Derived Gases) of the Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES). Included here are the datasets for commodity balances (1998 - 2009); supply and consumption (2005 - 2009) of coal and other fuels (e.g. coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, benzole and tars, etc). Chapter 2 of the report is available: http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/Statistics/publications/dukes/308-dukes-2010-ch2.pdf Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)

73

Influence of Coke Calcining Parameters on Petroleum Coke ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 1, 1985 ... TMS Student Member price: 0.00. Product In Stock. Description All physical and chemical properties of petroleum coke are determined by three ...

74

Coke battery with 51-m{sup 3} furnace chambers and lateral supply of mixed gas  

SciTech Connect

The basic approaches employed in the construction of coke battery 11A at OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat are outlined. This battery includes 51.0-m{sup 3} furnaces and a dust-free coke-supply system designed by Giprokoks with lateral gas supply; it is heated exclusively by low-calorific mixed gas consisting of blast-furnace gas with added coke-oven gas. The 82 furnaces in the coke battery are divided into two blocks of 41. The gross coke output of the battery (6% moisture content) is 1140000 t/yr.

V.I. Rudyka; N.Y. Chebotarev; O.N. Surenskii; V.V. Derevich [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Underground Transmission Cable System Installation and Construction Practices Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Installation and construction remain the most expensive implementation components of underground transmission cable systems. Recent advancements in underground transmission have led to more demand for best practices and innovative ways to reduce installation and construction costs in a cable project. EPRI has funded many projects over the years to improve the efficiency and reduce the cost of underground transmission cable installation. Other organizations such as Association of Edison Illuminating Compa...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

76

Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System Application Guidelines and Operating Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of this project are twofold: to develop flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) application guidelines and operating strategies and to provide a technology roadmap for the renewed value proposition of FACTS devices with increased penetration of renewable energy resources, the need for power flow control over existing transmission lines, and tighter voltage regulation at transmission buses. This project focuses on developing technical and economic guidelines for ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

77

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program 285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program SUMMARY Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations. This electric transmission system operates in seven states of the Pacific Northwest. (See Figure I-1). The seven states offer a great diversity of vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and neighboring members of the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to keep vegetation a safe distance away from our electric power facilities and control noxious weeds at our

78

Termination for superconducting power transmission systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to a cold, electrical gradient, terminal section for a superconducting cable for alternating current power transmission. A cold electrical gradient section filled with a gaseous coolant acting as an insulator is provided in series with a separate thermal gradient section. (auth)

Forsyth, E.B.; Jensen, J.E.

1975-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

79

Safety of Gas Transmission and Distribution Systems (Maine) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety of Gas Transmission and Distribution Systems (Maine) Safety of Gas Transmission and Distribution Systems (Maine) Safety of Gas Transmission and Distribution Systems (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Maine Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Public Utilities Commission These regulations describe requirements for the participation of natural gas utilities in the Underground Utility Damage Prevention Program,

80

Factors influencing coke gasification with carbon dioxide.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Of all coke properties the influence of the catalytic mineral matter on reactivity of metallurgical cokes is least understood. There is limited information about the… (more)

Grigore, Mihaela

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

New process for coke-oven gas desulfurization  

SciTech Connect

With the EPA reclassifying spent iron oxide as a hazardous waste material in 1990, an alternative technology was sought for desulfurizing coke-oven gas. Vacasulf technology was adopted for reasons that included: producing of coke battery heating gas without further polishing and high-quality elemental sulfur; lowest operating cost in comparison with other methods; no waste products; and integrates with existing ammonia destruction facility. Vacasulf requires a single purchased material, potassium hydroxide, that reacts with carbon dioxide in coke-oven gas to form potassium carbonate which, in turn, absorbs hydrogen sulfide. Operation of the system has been successful following the resolution of relatively minor start-up problems.

Currey, J.H. [Citizens Gas and Coke Utility, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Power electronics in electric utilities: HVDC power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) power transmission systems constitute an important application of power electronics technology. This paper reviews salient aspects of this growing industry. The paper summarizes the history of HVDC transmission and discusses the economic and technical reasons responsible for development of HVDC systems. The paper also describes terminal design and basic configurations of HVDC systems, as well as major equipments of HVDC transmission system. In this regard, the state-of-the-art technology in the equipments constructions are discussed. Finally, the paper reviews future developments in the HVDC transmission systems, including promising technologies, such as multiterminal configurations, Gate Turn-Off (GTO) devices, forced commutation converters, and new advances in control electronics.

Nozari, F.; Patel, H.S.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Coke from coal and petroleum  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A carbonaceous coke is manufactured by the delayed coking of a slurry mixture of from about 10 to about 30 weight percent of caking or non-caking coal and the remainder a petroleum resid blended at below 50.degree. C.

Wynne, Jr., Francis E. (Allison Park, PA); Lopez, Jaime (Pittsburgh, PA); Zaborowsky, Edward J. (Harwick, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Supplemental Comments of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Supplemental comments of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operaton on the application from International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission...

85

Definition: Petroleum coke | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

coke coke Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Petroleum coke A residue high in carbon content and low in hydrogen that is the final product of thermal decomposition in the condensation process in cracking (breaking of carbon-carbon bonds). This product is reported as marketable coke or catalyst coke.Coke from petroleum has a heating value of 6.024 million Btu per barrel.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Petroleum coke (often abbreviated Pet coke or petcoke) is a carbonaceous solid derived from oil refinery coker units or other cracking processes. Other coke has traditionally been derived from coal. This coke can either be fuel grade (high in sulphur and metals) or anode grade (low in sulphur and metals). The raw coke directly out of the coker is often

86

Converting Petroleum Coke to Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in oil refining technology and economics are driving refiners to utilize thermal processes to maximize the conversion of heavy crude oil components to clean products. Since the primary unit operation to accomplish this objective is the coking unit, more cokers are being built, and existing cokers are being operated to maximum capacity utilization. SRI recently completed an assignment for a refiner interested in converting the by-product fluid coke from his unit to electricity. This paper presents the operating history of US based plants converting petroleum coke to electricity, and presents generic economics for the conversion process utilizing three primary technologies available: conventional pulverized coke combustion, atmospheric fluidized bed combustion, and coke gasification combined cycle power production.

Pavone, A.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

AC transmission system planning choosing lines from a discrete set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission system planning (TSP) is a difficult nonlinear optimization problem involving non-convex quadratic terms, as well as discrete variables. We extend prior results for linear relaxations, drawing on a preliminary ...

Gilbertson, Eric W.

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

88

///COUNTER : an artistic system for the transmission of cultural energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My thesis introduces ///COUNTER as an artistic system for the transmission of cultural energy. The underlying concepts of ///COUNTER are derived directly from my work on energy access as developed through the eWheel and ...

Vincent de Paul, Jegan Joyston

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Investigation of Multi-Frequency Power Transmission and System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents a new power system transmission concept based on frequency selectivity named Multi-Frequency Power System (MFPS). This system allows for selective power transmission among terminals in an interconnected system, and is enabled by power electronic technology. The dissertation starts with a presentation of some of the challenges faced by modern power systems, and includes a description of various power system technologies developed in an attempt to solve them. Then, our proposed solution is presented as an alternative to electric power transmission, and the fundamental concepts are explained. A version of the MFPS is developed, which has relevance to the problem of renewable sources integration. This AC DC Power System is further explored, and the topology of the system and the converters is presented, as well as the control techniques used in its operation. The dissertation also presents a performance study of the AC DC system, which was done in Simulink, and it demonstrates the robustness of the system under various dynamic and fault conditions. Finally, a summary of the work is given in the last section of the dissertation. The contributions of our research to the state of technology are discussed. These contributions include: the demonstration of power selectivity based on frequency identification, the development of a novel transmission system and a AC DC integrated implementation of it, and the development of a control and converter that enables selective power transmission. Also, some of the most relevant future research initiatives related to this topic are presented.

Barazarte Conte, Ronald

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Single photon reflection and transmission in optomechanical system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavity Optomechanical system is speedily approaching the regime where the radiation pressure of a single photon displaces the moving mirror. In this paper, we consider a cavity optomechanical system where the cavity field is driven by an external field. In the limit of weak mirror-cavity couplings, we calculate analytically the reflection and transmission rates for cavity field and discuss the effects of mirror-cavity coupling on the reflection and transmission.

M. A. Khan; S. C. Hou; K. Farooq; X. X. Yi

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

91

Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Transmission ,... ,...vc- "' ""'\ S I r;. Dr. Jerry Pell, CCM Principal NEP A Document Manager Permitting, Siting, and Analysis (OE-20) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy 1 000 Independence A venue SW Washington, D.C. 20585-0001 Subject: Champlain Hudson Power Express Project Submittal of Amendment Application Dear Dr. Pell: February 28, 2012 On January 25, 2010, Transmission Developers, Inc. ("TDI") submitted on behalf of Champlain Hudson Power Express, Inc. ("CHPEI") an application to the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") for a Presidential Permit ("Application) in connection with the Champlain Hudson Power Express project ("Project"). The Application proposed to connect clean sources

92

Registration Contact List: Electricity Transmission System Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11/2/2012 11/2/2012 First Name Last Name Title Company Address1 Address2 City State/Province Zip Country Work Phone Sandy Aivaliotis , Valley Group, a Nexans 3A Trowbridge Drive Bethel CT 6801 United States 416-648-4382 Robert Anders Management U.S. Department of Energy / EERE Rm 6A-067 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington DC 20585 United States 202-586-4716 Phillip Anderson g g Project Leader Idaho Power 1221 W. Idaho St. Boise ID 83702 United States 208-484-2024 Mihai Anitescu Dr. Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S Cas Avenue Argonne IL 60439 United States 16302524172 Sam Baldwin Officer USDOE/EERE 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington DC 20585 United States 202-586-0927 Thomas Baldwin Energy Lead Idaho National Laboratory P.O. Box 1655 Idaho Falls ID 83415-3810 United States 208-526-1864 Venkat Banunarayanan g Transmission Department of Energy

93

Georgia Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Georgia Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

94

Minnesota Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Minnesota Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

95

Transmission INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission INTRODUCTION An electrical power system requires constant, second by second, balancing to maintain control over the transmission system can result in failure of the entire electrical system of supply, demand, and transmission capability. Transmission system operators are primarily responsible

96

Underground Transmission Cable System Construction and Installation Practices Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reliable underground transmission line depends on reliable cable system manufacturing, design, construction, installation, and operation and maintenance. Construction and installation remain the most expensive component to implement. Recent advances in underground transmission have led to more demand for best practices and innovative ways to reduce construction and installation costs in a cable project. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has funded many projects over the years to improve the ...

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

97

Large hydrofoil transmission system study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study to determine the performance and physical characteristics of an ac electrical system intended for use as the propulsion system of large hydrofoils. Section I provides a technical description of the system in terms of performance, weight and component characteristics. Section II describes anticipated problems associated with development of the system and its components, and includes activities through design and fabrication, and qualification of an integrated system. Two system configurations are considereed in this study. Configuration I which is the preferred one, consists of two direct-turbine-driven ac generators supplying electrical power to either foilborne or hullborne propeller induction drive motors. Conventional switchgear is used for connecting the generator to either the foil or hull drive motors. Each induction motor supplies power to a fixed pitch propeller via a planetary type gearbox. Speed and power output of each induction motor is controlled by fuel to the turbine. Configuration II consists of independent foilborne and hullborne propulsion systems. For takeoff and foilborne operation, two direct LM2500 turbine-drive ac generators supply electrical power to the foil propeller induction motors. Operation in this mode is identical to Configuration I. Configuration II provides a trade off between greater system weight, against a lower hullborne fuel consumption rate obtained by operating smaller turbines in hullborne mode. This provides, potentially, a greater hullborne range.

1977-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

98

Coping with the Decline in Coke Quality – Using Onsite Blending ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... coke (CPC), the blending of non-traditional cokes (NTAC's) has increased. ... Prebaked Anode from Coal - Utilization of Coal Extract as a Coke Feedstock-.

99

Experimental study of elastoplastic mechanical properties of coke drum materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coke drums are vertical pressure vessels used in the delayed coking process in petroleum refineries. Significant temperature variation during the delayed coking process causes the… (more)

Chen, Jie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Estimating Coke and Pepsi's Price and Advertising Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategy Distributions for Coke (First Quarter 1977) a)Paper No. 789 ESTIMATING COKE AND PEPSI'S PRICE ADVERTISINGEconomics July, 1998 Estimating Coke and Pepsi’s Price and

Golan, Amos; Karp, Larry S.; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Prediction of Calcined Coke Bulk Density - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to changing green coke quality, a reliable forecast of the calcined coke VBD from small green coke samples is required. The VBD can be predicted from ...

102

Recent progress on system studies for long distance power transmission  

SciTech Connect

Two possible applications of helium-cooled underground cables for power transmission were studied to determine network characteristics and estimated costs. The first involved power transmission at 345 kV from a Long Island nuclear power plant to a substation 43 miles away. The second appication examined the feasibility of a 350 mi-long 550 kV transmission line from Western Pennsylvania to Allentown and Philadelphia. For both systems computer simulations were used to study operating characteristics. A detailed cost analysis was made. The Long Island study concluded that helium-cooled cables were well suited for high-power transmission in a suburban area, that such a system using two trenches and separate refrigerator stations would be more reliable than a single trench system, and that cost could be optimized by using a less expensive cryogenic envelope. The Pennsylvania study showed that the helium-cooled cable was technically capable of performing as well as overhead power lines, but the cost of the underground cryogenic system is so much greater that such a system could not be economically justified for long distance transmission across open country-side. (LCL)

Forsyth, E B

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies and Technologies and Systems Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Strategic Initiatives for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7- 8, 2003 U.S. Department of Energy â–  Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Design & Operation Standards Relevant Design and Operating Standards ANSI/ASME B31.8 49 CFR 192 CGA H 2 Pipeline Standard (in development) Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 3 Copyright: Future H 2 Infrastructure Wind Powered Electrolytic Separation Local Reformers Users Stationary Power Sources Vehicle Fueling Stations Distance from Source to User (Miles) <500 0-5 <2,000 <50 Off-peak Hydroelectric Powered Electrolytic Separation Large Reformers (scale economies) Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen

104

Single transmission line interrogated multiple channel data acquisition system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single transmission line interrogated multiple channel data acquisition system is provided in which a plurality of remote station/sensor circuits each monitors a specific process variable and each transmits measurement values over a single transmission line to a master interrogating station when addressed by said master interrogating station. Typically, as many as 330 remote stations may be parallel connected to the transmission line which may exceed 7,000 feet. The interrogation rate is typically 330 stations/second. The master interrogating station samples each station according to a shared, charging transmit-receive cycle. All remote station address signals, all data signals from the remote stations/sensors and all power for all of the remote station/sensors are transmitted via a single continuous terminated coaxial cable. A means is provided for periodically and remotely calibrating all remote sensors for zero and span. A provision is available to remotely disconnect any selected sensor station from the main transmission line.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Keech, Jr., Thomas W. (Morgantown, WV)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Data Transmission System For A Downhole Component  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a system for transmitting data through a string of downhole components. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. Each component has a first and second end, with a first communication element located at the first end and a second communication element located at the second end. Each communication element includes a first contact and a second contact. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second communication elements, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The system also includes a first and second connector for connecting the first and second communication elements respectively to the coaxial cable. Each connector includes a conductive sleeve, lying concentrically within the conductive tube, which fits around and makes electrical contact with the conductive core. The conductive sleeve is electrically isolated from the conductive tube. The conductive sleeve of the first connector is in electrical contact with the first contact of the first communication element, the conductive sleeve of the second connector is in electrical contact with the first contact of the second communication element, and the conductive tube is in electrical contact with both the second contact of the first communication element and the second contact of the second communication element.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

106

Electricity Transmission System Workshop: EERE Issues and Opportunities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Transmission System Electricity Transmission System Workshop: EERE Issues and Opportunities November 1, 2012 Dr. David Danielson Assistant Secretary for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov "If you can't solve a problem, expand it." - Dwight D. Eisenhower eere.energy.gov eere.energy.gov Stationary Energy Demand Transport Energy Supply Deploy Clean Electricity Deploy Alternative Hydrocarbon Fuels Modernize the Grid Electrify the Fleet Increase Building and Industrial Efficiency Increase Vehicle Efficiency Source: DOE ,Quadrennial Technology Review, September 2011 eere.energy.gov Rapid Growth in Renewable Electricity Since 2008, the U.S. has doubled renewable energy generation from wind, solar, and

107

Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands This report describes one area in which islands may lead: integrating a high percentage of renewable energy resources into an isolated grid. In addition, it explores the challenges, feasibility, and potential benefits of interconnecting the USVI grids with the much larger Puerto Rican grid. 51294.pdf More Documents & Publications USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future (Brochure), EDIN (Energy Development in Island Nations), U.S. Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Road Map: Analysis Waste-to-Energy Evaluation: U.S. Virgin Islands

108

Single-Point Vulnerabilities in a Transmission and Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) tools and modeling techniques can be used to evaluate a variety of complex systems and facilities. This report presents an application of PRA techniques to an electric transmission and distribution (TD) system. The work focuses on the reliability of a small utility system providing electric power to approximately 100,000 customers. It examines the probability of loss of systemwide service as well as loss of power to critical facilities (for example, hospitals). The eva...

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

109

Coke gasification costs, economics, and commercial applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The disposition of petroleum coke remains a problem for modern high conversion refineries. Market uncertainty and the price for coke can prevent the implementation of otherwise attractive projects. The commercially proven Texaco Gasification Process remains an excellent option for clean, cost effective coke disposition as demonstrated by the new coke gasification units coming on-line and under design. Previous papers, have discussed the coke market and general economics of coke gasification. This paper updates the current market situation and economics, and provide more details on cost and performance based on recent studies for commercial plants.

Jahnke, F.C.; Falsetti, J.S.; Wilson, R.F. [Texaco, Inc., White Plains, NY (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

U.S. Imports of Petroleum Coke Marketable (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Marketable Petroleum Coke Supply and Disposition; Petroleum Coke Imports from All Countries; U.S. Imports from All Countries ...

111

EPRI Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book (Green Book)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an updated edition of the Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book, which was originally published in 1992. Published in the first edition with a green cover, the book has become commonly known throughout the industry as the Green Book. The book provides a desk and field compendium on the general principles involved in the planning, design, manufacture, installation design, installation, testing, operation, and maintenance of underground cable systems.

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

112

Advanced Green Petroleum Coke Calcination In Electrothermal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Fluidization Technologies for the Mineral, Materials, and Energy Industries. Presentation Title, Advanced Green Petroleum Coke Calcination In ...

113

Bethlehem Steel announces plans to control coke oven air and water pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation and the Maryland Department of the Environment have announced an agreement under which Bethlehem will spend an estimated $92-million at its Sparrows Points, Md., plant for technologically-advanced controls to further reduce air and water pollution, mainly from the plant's coke ovens. The two major systems include one to treat by-product coke oven gas and chemicals, and another to upgrade existing pushing emission controls on two older coke oven batteries. One of the new systems will replace most of the existing equipment that cleans gas and treats chemicals created by the coking process at the plant's three coke oven batteries. Because this system has the potential to greatly reduce sulfur dioxide and other pollutants, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) in September announced that its installation qualified for funding as part of the nationwide Innovative Clean Coal Technology Program.

Not Available

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operator Smart Grid Project Operator Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Country United States Headquarters Location Carmel, Indiana Additional Benefit Places Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Wisconsin Recovery Act Funding $17,271,738.00 Total Project Value $34,543,476.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project Coordinates 39.978371°, -86.1180435° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

115

Fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system s described wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source. The transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber.

Nelson, Melvin A. (Santa Barbara, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Updating the EPRI Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI is sponsoring the development of a new updated edition of the Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book (EPRI report TR-101670), which was originally published in 1992. Published in the first edition with a green cover, the book has become commonly known throughout the industry as the Green Book. Since publication of the first edition, there have been significant changes in both technology and the needs of utilities. This project will compile the most up-to-date technical information on underg...

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Power System Transmission Protection: Proposed R&D Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S.-Canada task force on the August 14, 2003 power system outage that affected 50 million people concluded that inappropriate and uncoordinated relay protection settings were one of the three principal reasons that the cascade outage spread beyond Ohio and caused the widespread blackout. Based on input from utilities and other stakeholders at a recent protection workshop, this report proposes four R&D project to help meet needs in the transmission protection area.

2005-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission systems described wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source. The transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber. 3 figs.

Nelson, M.A.

1992-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

119

Field Guide: Inspection of Transmission Line Grounding Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI report, one in a series of practical guides designed as reference aids for utility personnel working in the field, visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line grounding systems. It presents photographs and short written descriptions of the conditions and lists associated causes, failure modes, and impacts.The downloadable PDF for this product is optimized for viewing on electronic devices such as tablets. For Android devices, Adobe ...

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

120

Field Guide: Inspection of Transmission Line Grounding Systems (Standard PDF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI report, one in a series of practical guides designed as reference aids for utility personnel working in the field, visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line grounding systems. It presents photographs and short written descriptions of the conditions and lists associated causes, failure modes, and impacts. The guide is printed in color on high-quality paper and is ring-bound. It is therefore recommended that members order printed copies rather than ...

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is, an object of this invention to provide a fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source, the transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber.

Nelson, M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is, an object of this invention to provide a fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source, the transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber.

Nelson, M.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Electrical Safety Practices of Underground Transmission Systems--2011 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety is of paramount importance in all areas of utility system operations. All utilities have safety practices and procedures in place to protect their workers and the public and are diligent about monitoring compliance. However, underground transmission cables present unique requirements that might not be covered in existing utility safety practices. This report addresses the grounding requirements and induced voltage calculation procedures that should be considered when performing operation, maintena...

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

124

Clean Production of Coke from Carbonaceous Fines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to produce steel (a necessary commodity in developed nations) using conventional technologies, you must have metallurgical coke. Current coke-making technology pyrolyzes high-quality coking coals in a slot oven, but prime coking coals are becoming more expensive and slot ovens are being shut-down because of age and environmental problems. The United States typically imports about 4 million tons of coke per year, but because of a world-wide coke scarcity, metallurgical coke costs have risen from about $77 per tonne to more than $225. This coke shortage is a long-term challenge driving up the price of steel and is forcing steel makers to search for alternatives. Combustion Resources (CR) has developed a technology to produce metallurgical coke from alternative feedstocks in an environmentally clean manner. The purpose of the current project was to refine material and process requirements in order to achieve improved economic benefits and to expand upon prior work on the proposed technology through successful prototype testing of coke products. The ultimate objective of this project is commercialization of the proposed technology. During this project period, CR developed coke from over thirty different formulations that meet the strength and reactivity requirements for use as metallurgical coke. The technology has been termed CR Clean Coke because it utilizes waste materials as feedstocks and is produced in a continuous process where pollutant emissions can be significantly reduced compared to current practice. The proposed feed material and operating costs for a CR Clean Coke plant are significantly less than conventional coke plants. Even the capital costs for the proposed coke plant are about half that of current plants. The remaining barrier for CR Clean Coke to overcome prior to commercialization is full-scale testing in a blast furnace. These tests will require a significant quantity of product (tens of thousands of tons) necessitating the construction of a demonstration facility. Talks are currently underway with potential partners and investors to build a demonstration facility that will generate enough coke for meaningful blast furnace evaluation tests. If the testing is successful, CR Clean Coke could potentially eliminate the need for the United States to import any coke, effectively decreasing US Steel industry dependence on foreign nations and reducing the price of domestic steel.

Craig N. Eatough

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

125

STEPS TO ESTABLISH A REAL-TIME TRANSMISSION MONITORING SYSTEM FOR TRANSMISSION OWNERS AND OPERATORS WITHIN THE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STEPS TO ESTABLISH A REAL-TIME TRANSMISSION MONITORING STEPS TO ESTABLISH A REAL-TIME TRANSMISSION MONITORING SYSTEM FOR TRANSMISSION OWNERS AND OPERATORS WITHIN THE EASTERN AND WESTERN INTERCONNECTIONS A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1839 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 Prepared by United States Department of Energy & Federal Energy Regulatory Commission February 3, 2006 Report to Congress Joint Report by the Department of Energy and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System for Transmission Owners and Operators within the Eastern and Western Interconnections February 2006 Executive Summary In August 2003, an electrical outage in one state precipitated a cascading blackout across seven other states and as far north as a province in Canada, leaving more than 50 million

126

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Reference Case Overall Transmission Lines Usage in 2025a load center via a DC transmission line such that flows onand interregional transmission lines are built which make up

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Analysis of the ITER LFS Reflectometer Transmission Line System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A critical issue in the design of the ITER Low Field Side (LFS) reflectometer is the transmission line (TL) system. A TL connects each launcher to a diagnostic instrument. Each TL will typically consist of ~42 m of corrugated waveguide and up to 10 miter bends. Important issues for the performance of the TL system are mode conversion and reflections. Minimizing mode conversion and reflections in the waveguide are critical to minimizing standing waves and phase errors in the reflectometer-measured phase. The performance of the corrugated waveguide and miter bends is analyzed and recommendations given.

Hanson, Gregory R [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL; Diem, Stephanie J [ORNL; Biewer, Theodore M [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Steady state modelling and analysis of flexible AC transmission systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As electric utilities move into more competitive generation supply regimes, with limited scope to expand transmission facilities, the optimisation of existing transmission corridors for power… (more)

Fuerte Esquivel, Claudio Rubén

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Carrier sense data highway system. [Patent for a two-way Data Transmission System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A data transmission system is disclosed which includes a transmission medium which has a certain propagation delay time over its length. A number of data stations are successively coupled to the transmission medium for communicating with one another. Each of the data stations includes a transmitter for originating signals, each signal beginning with a carrier of a duration which is at least the propagation delay time of the transmission medium. Each data station also includes a receiver which receives other signals from other data stations and inhibits operation of the transmitter at the same data station when a carrier of another signal is received.

Frankel, R.

1981-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

130

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American_Transmission_Company_LLC_II_Smart_Grid_Project\" American_Transmission_Company_LLC_II_Smart_Grid_Project\" title=\"American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project\">American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project","title":"American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project","link":null,"lat":43.0116784,"lon":-88.2314813,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""},{"text":"Transmission_Company_LLC_Smart_Grid_Project\" title=\"American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project\">American

131

Distributed Resource Cost Impacts on Transmission and Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines distributed resource (DR) cost impacts on transmission and distribution (T&D) systems. It reviews and documents the cost structure of traditional T&D infrastructure and of DR technologies. It also shows economic analyses using the above costs for cases where DR is applied to solve T&D infrastructure problems and discusses the potential for DR to strand existing T&D investment. Finally, the report provides informative and interesting studies of cases in which utilities have used DR to...

2001-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

132

Study of Modified Semi-Coke on the Advanced Treatment of Coking ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mass of absorbent and absorption time had put much on the removal rate of oil in coke wastewater. The removal rate of oil in coke wastewater could be above ...

133

Selecting the optimum coke pushing sequence  

SciTech Connect

The sequence of pushing coke ovens is one of the most important aspects of battery operation. The sequence must satisfy a number of technical and process conditions: (1) achieve maximum heating-wall life by avoiding destructive expansion pressure in freshly charged ovens and during pushing of the finished coke; (2) ensure uniform brickwork temperature and prevent overheating by compensating for the high thermal flux in freshly charged ovens due to accumulated heat in adjacent ovens that are in the second half of the coking cycle; (3) ensure the most favorable working conditions and safety for operating personnel; (4) provide additional opportunities for repair personnel to perform various types of work, such as replacing coke-machine rails, without interrupting coal production; (5) perform the maximum number of coke-machine operations simultaneously: pushing, charging, and cleaning doors, frames, and standpipe elbows; and (6) reduce electricity consumption by minimizing idle travel of coke machines.

V.T. Krivoshein; A.V. Makarov [ZAO Trest Koksokhimmontazh (Russian Federation)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System for Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System for Transmission Owners and Operators within the Eastern and Western Interconnections Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System for Transmission Owners and Operators within the Eastern and Western Interconnections Steps to establish a real-time transmission monitoring system for transmission owners and operators within the Eastern and Western interconnections: a report to congress pursuant to section 1839 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1839 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) directs the Secretary of Energy (DOE) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission) to study and report to Congress on the steps that must be taken to establish a system to make available to all transmission owners

135

The Electricity Transmission System Future Vision & Grid Challenges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Future Vision & Grid Challenges Future Vision & Grid Challenges Summary Results of Breakout Group Discussions Electricity Transmission Workshop Double Tree Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia November 1, 2012 Breakout Group Discussion Overview Future Vision and Grid Challenges Each of the four breakout groups identified the key challenges facing the grid as it integrates all of the various technologies that are (or will be) deployed while ensuring a safe, reliable, and cost-effective system as described in the Future Vision. Utilizing the Grid Tech Team framework, each group identified integration challenges through a systems-based discussion that addressed all of the following topics: * Grid Visibility What challenges in the informational domain (sensors and relays, AMIs, PMUs, end-use energy

136

Entrained Flow Gasification of Oil Sand Coke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effect of blending woody biomass material with fluid coke and coal on the co-pyrolysis process was investigated in an entrained flow gasifier. The SEM… (more)

Vejahati, Farshid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Characterization of Packing Ability of Coke Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VBD is conventionally used in anode industry to determine the required amount of pitch and fine coke. VBD may be achieved by dense particles while they do ...

138

Estimating Coke and Pepsi's price and advertising strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Working Paper No. 789 ESTIMATING COKE AND PEPSI’ PRICE S ANDand Advertising Strategies: Coke and Pepsi) by Amos Golan,Revised, March 1999 Estimating Coke and Pepsi’s Price and

Golan, Amos; Karp, Larry; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

AN INFINITE DIMENSIONAL DESCRIPTOR SYSTEM MODEL FOR ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS WITH TRANSMISSION LINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INFINITE DIMENSIONAL DESCRIPTOR SYSTEM MODEL FOR ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS WITH TRANSMISSION LINES TIMO REIS Abstract. In this paper a model of linear electrical circuits with transmission lines is de-coupled with the telegraph equations who describe the behavior of the transmission lines. The resulting system of equations

Reis, Timo

140

Evolution of Anode Grade Calcined Coke - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The term "anode grade coke" has been used as a broad definition to describe delayed coke with a sponge structure containing relatively low levels of trace ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Strength of the coke fillers of carbon materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships between the ultimate compression strengths of coke fillers for carbon materials determined by various techniques and structures, final coke treatment temperatures, etc., are considered.

V.S. Ostrovskii [Research Institute of Structural Graphite Materials, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Effect of Coke Particle Size on Sinter Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The effect of different Coke particle size on sinter quality has been investigated. Eight different coke particle sizes were chosen and sinter ...

143

Improving the Precision and Productivity of Green Coke VCM Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green cokes with high VCM (>12%) are more difficult to calcine and result in a higher porosity and lower bulk density in calcined coke. The paper will review ...

144

Observations on the Coke Air Reactivity Test - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coke air reactivities are strongly dependent on coke calcination levels and it is possible to drive air reactivities lower by increasing calcining temperatures.

145

Fuel gas main replacement at Acme Steel's coke plant  

SciTech Connect

ACME Steel's Chicago coke plant consists of two 4-meter, 50-oven Wilputte underjet coke-oven batteries. These batteries were constructed in 1956--1957. The use of blast furnace gas was discontinued in the late 1960's. In 1977--1978, the oven walls in both batteries were reconstructed. Reconstruction of the underfire system was limited to rebuilding the coke-oven gas reversing cocks and meter in orifices. By the early 1980's, the 24-in. diameter underfire fuel gas mains of both batteries developed leaks at the Dresser expansion joints. These leaks were a result of pipe loss due to corrosion. Leaks also developed along the bottoms and sides of both mains. A method is described that permitted pushing temperatures to be maintained during replacement of underfire fuel gas mains. Each of Acme's two, 50-oven, 4-metric Wilputte coke-oven, gas-fired batteries were heated by converting 10-in. diameter decarbonizing air mains into temporary fuel gas mains. Replacement was made one battery at a time, with the temporary 10-in. mains in service for five to eight weeks.

Trevino, O. (Acme Steel Co., Chicago, IL (United States). Chicago Coke Plant)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A WWW interactive progressive local image transmission system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a JAVA-based Interactive Progressive Local Image Transmission (IPLIT) system for viewing large images over the bandwidth-limited World Wide Web (WWW) in "reasonable (i.e. usable) time". One motivation behind this research is the need for medical specialists to remotely view medical images, in reasonable time, over the WWW. In our IPLIT system, the user employs a JAVA-enabled Internet browser to view and browse a low resolution image. The identification of features or regions of interest before observing those regions in detail is performed by either selecting a particular region manually via mouse or by utilizing an automatic feature-detection mode. The automatic feature-detection displays high-resolution subimages along a trajectory determined by the user-specified feature of interest. Our program handles 3D image data as a sequence of 2D images. Our IPLIT system is tested on actual MRI, CT and Ultrasound medical images obtained from the Robarts Research Institute at the Un...

Tiffany-Emil Liptay John; John L. Barron; Irene Gargantini

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Integrated Decision Algorithms for Auto-steered Electric Transmission System Asset Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric power transmission systems are comprised of a large number of physical assets, including transmission lines, power transformers, and circuit breakers, that are capital-intensive, highly distributed, and may fail. Managing these assets under ... Keywords: Benders decomposition, asset management, condition monitoring, decision algorithms, electric transmission, optimization, service-oriented architecture, software-hardware

James Mccalley; Vasant Honavar; Sarah Ryan; William Meeker; Daji Qiao; Ron Roberts; Yuan Li; Jyotishman Pathak; Mujing Ye; Yili Hong

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Application of Storage Technology for Transmission System Support: Interim Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research in 2011 explored the potential use of battery storage to increase transmission capability in thermal limited transmission paths, an application of energy storage technology that has not been investigated in detail in prior research (see EPRI report 1024586). Researchers performed a conceptual analysis of how batteries connected at either the sending or the receiving end of a congested corridor can be used to increase the transmission capability ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22 3.4 No Coal25 3.4.1 Coal Supply Regions and Electricity Market24 Figure 3-14 Economic Transmission in No Coal

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Green Island Power Authority Transmission Voltage Support System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(2009?) Potential 2nd generation HTSC link to 100 MW hydro Control and quality Industrial load expansion requires high power quality Emergency islanding capability Transmission...

151

Loaded Transmission Error Measurement System for Spur and Helical Gears.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The majority of loaded static transmission error test stands developed in the past had little success generating accurate results versus analytical predictions for parallel-axis gearing.… (more)

Wright, Zachary Harrison

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Simulation Research of Tap Change Control of Converter Transformers for HVDC Transmission System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High voltage direct current(HVDC) control system plays an important role for the safety of HVDC transmission system. Converter transformer tap changes control is core component of HVDC control system. Stability of HVDC transmission system operation is ... Keywords: HVDC, simulation, converter transformer, tap change control, steady process

Wang Ying; Ma Cong; Wei Wen-hui; Wang Qing-ping

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Transmission and Grid Integration: Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Factsheet developed to describe the activites of the Transmission and Grid Integration Group within NREL's Electricity, Resources, and Buildings Systems Integration center.

Not Available

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Control system and method for a power delivery system having a continuously variable ratio transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system and method for a power delivery system, such as in an automotive vehicle, having an engine coupled to a continuously variable ratio transmission (CVT). Totally independent control of engine and transmission enable the engine to precisely follow a desired operating characteristic, such as the ideal operating line for minimum fuel consumption. CVT ratio is controlled as a function of commanded power or torque and measured load, while engine fuel requirements (e.g., throttle position) are strictly a function of measured engine speed. Fuel requirements are therefore precisely adjusted in accordance with the ideal characteristic for any load placed on the engine. 4 figs.

Frank, A.A.

1984-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

155

Control system and method for a power delivery system having a continuously variable ratio transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system and method for a power delivery system, such as in an automotive vehicle, having an engine coupled to a continuously variable ratio transmission (CVT). Totally independent control of engine and transmission enable the engine to precisely follow a desired operating characteristic, such as the ideal operating line for minimum fuel consumption. CVT ratio is controlled as a function of commanded power or torque and measured load, while engine fuel requirements (e.g., throttle position) are strictly a function of measured engine speed. Fuel requirements are therefore precisely adjusted in accordance with the ideal characteristic for any load placed on the engine.

Frank, Andrew A. (1034 Hillside Ave., Madison, WI 53705)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Colorado Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity as ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Colorado Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

157

Determination of electrical resistivity of dry coke beds  

SciTech Connect

The electrical resistivity of the coke bed is of great importance when producing FeMn, SiMn, and FeCr in a submerged arc furnace. In these processes, a coke bed is situated below and around the electrode tip and consists of metallurgical coke, slag, gas, and metal droplets. Since the basic mechanisms determining the electrical resistivity of a coke bed is not yet fully understood, this investigation is focused on the resistivity of dry coke beds consisting of different carbonaceous materials, i.e., coke beds containing no slag or metal. A method that reliably compares the electrical bulk resistivity of different metallurgical cokes at 1500{sup o} C to 1600{sup o}C is developed. The apparatus is dimensioned for industrial sized materials, and the electrical resistivity of anthracite, charcoal, petroleum coke, and metallurgical coke has been measured. The resistivity at high temperatures of the Magnitogorsk coke, which has the highest resistivity of the metallurgical cokes investigated, is twice the resistivity of the Corus coke, which has the lowest electrical resistivity. Zdzieszowice and SSAB coke sort in between with decreasing resistivities in the respective order. The electrical resistivity of anthracite, charcoal, and petroleum coke is generally higher than the resistivity of the metallurgical cokes, ranging from about two to about eight times the resistivity of the Corus coke at 1450{sup o}C. The general trend is that the bulk resistivity of carbon materials decreases with increasing temperature and increasing particle size.

Eidem, P.A.; Tangstad, M.; Bakken, J.A. [NTNU, Trondheim (Norway)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

Polar On-Line Acquisition Relay and Transmission System (POLARATS)  

SciTech Connect

POLARATS (Polar On-Line Acquisition Relay And Transmission System) is being developed by YAHSGS LLC (YAHSGS) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to provide remote, unattended monitoring of environmental parameters under harsh environmental conditions. In particular, instrumental design and engineering is oriented towards protection of human health in the Arctic, and with the additional goal of advancing Arctic education and research. POLARATS will obtain and transmit environmental data from hardened monitoring devices deployed in locations important to understanding atmospheric and aquatic pollutant migration as it is biomagnified in Arctic food chains. An Internet- and personal computer (PC)-based educational module will provide real time sensor data, on-line educational content, and will be integrated with workbooks and textbooks for use in middle and high school science programs. The educational elements of POLARATS include an Internet-based educational module that will instruct students in the use of the data and how those data fit into changing Arctic environments and food chains. POLARATS will: (1) Enable students, members of the community, and scientific researchers to monitor local environmental conditions in real time over the Internet; and (2) Provide additional educational benefits through integration with middle- and high-school science curricula. Information will be relayed from POLARATS devices to classrooms and libraries along with custom-designed POLARATS teaching materials that will be integrated into existing curricula to enhance the educational benefits realized from the information obtained.

Yuracko, K.

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Petroleum Coke: A Viable Fuel for Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum coke is a by-product of the coking process which upgrades (converts) low-valued residual oils into higher-valued transportation, heating and industrial fuels. Pace forecasts that by the year 2000 petroleum coke production will increase from 36 million to 47 million short tons/year. Because the crude pool will continue to become more sour and refiners treat the coker as the "garbage can" the quality of the petroleum cokes will generally degrade- contain higher sulfur and trace metal levels. The U.S. produces nearly 70% of the total and is expected to maintain this share. Domestic markets consumed less than half of the U.S. production; 80% of the high sulfur fuel grade production from the Gulf coast is exported to Japan or Europe. Increasing environmental concerns could disrupt historic markets and threaten coker operations. This would create opportunities for alternate end-uses such as cogeneration projects. The Pace Consultants Inc. continuously monitors and reports on the petroleum coke industry-production and markets-in its multi-client publication The Pace Petroleum Coke Ouarterly. The information presented in this paper is based on this involvement and Pace's experience in single and multi client consulting activities related to the petroleum refining and petroleum coke industries. The purpose is to provide a review of the existing world petroleum coke industry with particular emphasis on the U.S. production and markets. Forecasted production levels and critical factors which could alter the historic market disposition of petroleum coke are addressed.

Dymond, R. E.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Method for the wet quenching of coke  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for the wet quenching of coke is disclosed wherein hot coke is sprayed from above with quenching water, the steam generated by the heat of the coke is condensed by a spray of condensation water from the top of the quenching tower, and the hot condensate-water mixture is collected at the bottom of the quenching tower and recirculated to the top of the tower where it is sprayed between quenching operations to be cooled by a counterflowing stream of air. The cooled condensate water mixture is suitable for reuse as the condensation spray water.

Blase, M.; Flockenhaus, C.; Wagener, D.

1982-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Heteroatom incorporated coke for electrochemical cell electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an electrode for a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) calcined coke particles: (i) that contain at least 0.5 weight percent of nitrogen heteroatoms and at least 1.0 weight percent sulfur heteroatoms, and (ii) that have an average particle size from 2 microns to 40 microns with essentially no particles being greater than 50 microns. (b) a binder This invention also relates to a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrically conductive salt, and (c) a counterelectrode.

Lewis, Irwin Charles (Strongsville, OH); Greinke, Ronald Alfred (Medina, OH)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Heteroatom incorporated coke for electrochemical cell electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an electrode for a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) calcined coke particles: (1) that contain at least 0.5 weight percent of nitrogen heteroatoms and at least 1.0 weight percent sulfur heteroatoms, and (2) that have an average particle size from 2 microns to 40 microns with essentially no particles being greater than 50 microns and (b) a binder. This invention also relates to a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrically conductive salt, and (c) a counterelectrode. 5 figs.

Lewis, I.C.; Greinke, R.A.

1997-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

163

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are discussed below. Planning Steps: 1. Identify facility and the vegetation management need. Work will take place along Custer-Intalco 1 230 kV transmission line. The...

164

Spatial variation of coke quality in the non-recovery beehive coke ovens.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??More than 50% of hot metal production worldwide takes place in blast furnaces. Coke is the most expensive raw material in the blast furnace. It… (more)

Segers, Magrieta

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project 4: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington, Idaho, and Montana EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington, Idaho, and Montana SUMMARY This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to replace roughly 12 miles of transmission line on the Taft-Dworshak 500-kV transmission line, install new series capacitors on the Garrison-Taft 500-kV transmission line, and perform various upgrades to Bell, Hatwai, Dworshak, Garrison, and Hot Springs substations. The project website is http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/M2W/. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVALABLE FOR DOWNLOAD May 3, 2012 EIS-0484: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement

166

Réactivité de l'anode et désulfuration : effet du niveau de calcination du coke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Les propriétés du coke et la performance des anodes sont affectées par le niveau de calcination du coke. Une densité de coke (VBD) élevée implique… (more)

Bergeron-Lagacé, Charles-Luc

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Fundamentals of Delayed Coking Joint Industry Project  

SciTech Connect

Delayed coking evolved steadily over the early to mid 1900s to enable refiners to convert high boiling, residual petroleum fractions to light products such as gasoline. Pound for pound, coking is the most energy intensive of any operation in a modern refinery. Large amounts of energy are required to heat the thick, poor-quality petroleum residuum to the 900 to 950 degrees F required to crack the heavy hydrocarbon molecules into lighter, more valuable products. One common misconception of delayed coking is that the product coke is a disadvantage. Although coke is a low valued (near zero economic value) byproduct, compared to transportation fuels, there is a significant worldwide trade and demand for coke as it is an economical fuel. Coke production has increased steadily over the last ten years, with further increases forecast for the foreseeable future. Current domestic production is near 111,000 tons per day. A major driving force behind this increase is the steady decline in crude quality available to refiners. Crude slates are expected to grow heavier with higher sulfur contents while environmental restrictions are expected to significantly reduce the demand for high-sulfur residual fuel oil. Light sweet crudes will continue to be available and in even greater demand than they are today. Refiners will be faced with the choice of purchasing light sweet crudes at a premium price, or adding bottom of the barrel upgrading capability, through additional new investments, to reduce the production of high-sulfur residual fuel oil and increase the production of low-sulfur distillate fuels. A second disadvantage is that liquid products from cokers frequently are unstable, i.e., they rapidly form gum and sediments. Because of intermediate investment and operating costs, delayed coking has increased in popularity among refiners worldwide. Based on the 2000 Worldwide Refining Survey published in the Oil and Gas, the delayed coking capacity for 101 refineries around the world is 2,937,439 barrels/calendar day. These cokers produce 154,607 tons of coke per day and delayed coking accounts for 88% of the world capacity. The delayed coking charge capacity in the United States is 1,787,860 b/cd. Despite its wide commercial use, only relatively few contractors and refiners are truly knowledgeable in delayed-coking design, so that this process carries with it a ''black art'' connotation. Until recently, the expected yield from cokers was determined by a simple laboratory test on the feedstock. As a result of Tulsa University's prior related research, a process model was developed that with additional work could be used to optimize existing delayed cokers over a wide range of potential feedstocks and operating conditions. The objectives of this research program are to: utilize the current micro, batch and pilot unit facilities at The University of Tulsa to enhance the understanding of the coking process; conduct additional micro and pilot unit tests with new and in-house resids and recycles to make current optimization models more robust; conduct focused kinetic experiments to enhance the furnace tube model and to enhance liquid production while minimizing sulfur in the products; conduct detailed foaming studies to optimize the process and minimize process upsets; quantify the parameters that affect coke morphology; and to utilize the knowledge gained from the experimental and modeling studies to enhance the computer programs developed in the previous JIP for optimization of the coking process. These refined computer models will then be tested against refinery data provided by the member companies. Novel concepts will also be explored for hydrogen sulfide removal of furnace gases as well as gas injection studies to reduce over-cracking.

Michael Volk; Keith Wisecarver

2004-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

168

Fundamentals of Delayed Coking Joint Industry Project  

SciTech Connect

Delayed coking evolved steadily over the early to mid 1900s to enable refiners to convert high boiling, residual petroleum fractions to light products such as gasoline. Pound for pound, coking is the most energy intensive of any operation in a modern refinery. Large amounts of energy are required to heat the thick, poor-quality petroleum residuum to the 900 to 950 degrees F required to crack the heavy hydrocarbon molecules into lighter, more valuable products. One common misconception of delayed coking is that the product coke is a disadvantage. Although coke is a low valued (near zero economic value) byproduct, compared to transportation fuels, there is a significant worldwide trade and demand for coke as it is an economical fuel. Coke production has increased steadily over the last ten years, with further increases forecast for the foreseeable future. Current domestic production is near 111,000 tons per day. A major driving force behind this increase is the steady decline in crude quality available to refiners. Crude slates are expected to grow heavier with higher sulfur contents while environmental restrictions are expected to significantly reduce the demand for high-sulfur residual fuel oil. Light sweet crudes will continue to be available and in even greater demand than they are today. Refiners will be faced with the choice of purchasing light sweet crudes at a premium price, or adding bottom of the barrel upgrading capability, through additional new investments, to reduce the production of high-sulfur residual fuel oil and increase the production of low-sulfur distillate fuels. A second disadvantage is that liquid products from cokers frequently are unstable, i.e., they rapidly form gum and sediments. Because of intermediate investment and operating costs, delayed coking has increased in popularity among refiners worldwide. Based on the 2000 Worldwide Refining Survey published in the Oil and Gas, the delayed coking capacity for 101 refineries around the world is 2,937,439 barrels/calendar day. These cokers produce 154,607 tons of coke per day and delayed coking accounts for 88% of the world capacity. The delayed coking charge capacity in the United States is 1,787,860 b/cd. Despite its wide commercial use, only relatively few contractors and refiners are truly knowledgeable in delayed-coking design, so that this process carries with it a ''black art'' connotation. Until recently, the expected yield from cokers was determined by a simple laboratory test on the feedstock. As a result of Tulsa University's prior related research, a process model was developed that with additional work could be used to optimize existing delayed cokers over a wide range of potential feedstocks and operating conditions. The objectives of this research program are to: utilize the current micro, batch and pilot unit facilities at The University of Tulsa to enhance the understanding of the coking process; conduct additional micro and pilot unit tests with new and in-house resids and recycles to make current optimization models more robust; conduct focused kinetic experiments to enhance the furnace tube model and to enhance liquid production while minimizing sulfur in the products; conduct detailed foaming studies to optimize the process and minimize process upsets; quantify the parameters that affect coke morphology; and to utilize the knowledge gained from the experimental and modeling studies to enhance the computer programs developed in the previous JIP for optimization of the coking process. These refined computer models will then be tested against refinery data provided by the member companies. Novel concepts will also be explored for hydrogen sulfide removal of furnace gases as well as gas injection studies to reduce over-cracking.

Michael Volk; Keith Wisecarver

2003-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

169

Mozambique becomes a major coking coal exporter?  

SciTech Connect

In addition to its potential role as a major international supplier of coking coal, Mozambique will also become a major source of power generation for southern Africa. 3 figs.

Ruffini, A.

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

New and revised standards for coke production  

SciTech Connect

The need for new and revised standards for coke production in Ukraine and Russia is outlined. Such standards should address improvements in plant operation, working conditions, environmental protection, energy conservation, fire and explosion safety, and economic indices.

G.A. Kotsyuba; M.I. Alpatov; Y.G. Shapoval [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Method for processing coke oven gas  

SciTech Connect

Coke oven gas is subjected, immediately after the discharge thereof from coke ovens, and without any preliminary cooling operation or any purification operation other than desulfurization, to a catalytic cracking operation to form a hot cracked gas which is rich in hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The catalytic cracking reaction is carried out in the presence of a hydrogen-containing and/or CO2-containing gas, with a steam reforming catalyst.

Flockenhaus, C.; Meckel, J.F.; Wagener, D.

1980-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Final environmental information volume for the coke oven gas cleaning project at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation Sparrows Point Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethelehem Steel Corporation (BSC) is planning to conduct a demonstration project involving an integrated system that can be retrofitted into coke oven gas handling systems to address a variety of environmental and operational factors in a more cost-effective manner. Successful application of this technology to existing US coke plants could: (1) reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide, cyanide, and volatile organic compounds (including benzene) (2) reduce the cost and handling of processing feed chemicals, (3) disposal costs of nuisance by-products and (4) increase reliability and reduce operation/maintenance requirements for coke oven gas desulfurization systems. The proposed system will remove sulfur from the coke oven gas in the form of hydrogen sulfide using the ammonia indigenous to the gas as the primary reactive chemical. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide are also removed in this process. The hydrogen sulfide removed from the coke oven gas in routed to a modified Claus plant for conversion to a saleable sulfur by-product. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide will be catalytically converted to hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. The tail gas from the sulfur recovery unit is recycled to the coke oven gas stream, upstream of the new gas cleaning system. The proposed demonstration project will be installed at the existing coke oven facilities at BSC's Sparrows Point Plant. This volume describes the proposed actions and the resulting environmental impacts. 21 refs., 19 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1990-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

173

Initial assessment: electromagnetic compatibility aspects of proposed SPS Microwave Power Transmission System (MPTS) operations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An analysis of major concerns with regard to the effects on radio and electronic systems by the proposed Microwave Power Transmission System for transmitting power from a satellite solar power station to earth is presented. (LCL)

Not Available

1978-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Virtual Pipeline System Testbed to Optimize the U.S. Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline System  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to develop a Virtual Pipeline System Testbed (VPST) for natural gas transmission. This study uses a fully implicit finite difference method to analyze transient, nonisothermal compressible gas flow through a gas pipeline system. The inertia term of the momentum equation is included in the analysis. The testbed simulate compressor stations, the pipe that connects these compressor stations, the supply sources, and the end-user demand markets. The compressor station is described by identifying the make, model, and number of engines, gas turbines, and compressors. System operators and engineers can analyze the impact of system changes on the dynamic deliverability of gas and on the environment.

Kirby S. Chapman; Prakash Krishniswami; Virg Wallentine; Mohammed Abbaspour; Revathi Ranganathan; Ravi Addanki; Jeet Sengupta; Liubo Chen

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Sensor Technologies for a Smart Transmission System An EPRI White Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensor Technologies for a Smart Transmission System Sensor Technologies for a Smart Transmission System An EPRI White Paper December 2009 December 2009 Page 2 An EPRI White Paper Sensor Technologies for a Smart Transmission System Aging equipment and tight O&M budgets are putting the squeeze on transmission line and substation managers. A new gen- eration of low-cost sensors can help diag- nose equipment health to optimize mainte- nance and prevent catastrophic failures. Power delivery systems are among the largest and most diverse, remotely located investments. There are a num- ber of challenges that utilities face with their transmis- sion line and substation assets: * Existing transmission lines and substations are aging while the required reliability is increasing and the availability of clearance to perform maintenance is

176

Today's electrical transmission system delivers high levels of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for electricity demand that reliability be maintained as we transition to clean electricity generation- ated and delivered to electric loads. Clean Energy Transmission and Reliability Energy Storage Smart a smarter, mod- ern grid. Through the Distrib- uted Energy Communication & Control (DECC) facility, re

177

System for computer controlled shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determine from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.

Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Application of EPRI's Transmission Reliability Evaluation for Large-Scale Systems (TRELSS) Program to Bonneville Power Administration System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delivering power at the lowest cost while maintaining an acceptable level of reliability requires careful transmission planning. EPRI's Transmission Reliability Evaluation for Large-Scale Systems (TRELSS) can be used to analyze and quantify the reliability of bulk power systems to help determine the need for new transmission facilities. This report presents the results of reliability analyses for Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) using the TRELSS program.

1997-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

179

Investigation of bonding mechanism of coking on semi-coke from lignite with pitch and tar  

SciTech Connect

In coking, the bonding ability of inert macerals by reactive macerals is dependent on various parameters and also is related to the wettability of the inert macerals. In this study, the effect of carbonization temperature on the wettability of semi-cokes produced at various temperatures has been investigated. Soma and Yatagan semicokes represent inert macerals, and pitch was used as a reactive structure in the experiments. The briquetted pitch blocks were located on the semi-cokes and heated from the softening temperature of pitch (60{sup o}C) to 140{sup o}C to observe the wettability. In addition, liquid tar was also used to determine the wettability of semi-cokes. From the standpoint of wettability, the temperature of 900{sup o}C was determined to be the critical point for coke produced from sub-bituminous coals. 15 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Vedat Arslan [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Engineering Faculty

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Transmission needs across a fully renewable European power system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The residual load and excess power generation of 27 European countries with a 100% penetration of variable renewable energy sources are explored in order to quantify the benefit of power transmission between countries. Estimates are based on extensive weather data, which allows for modelling of hourly mismatches between the demand and renewable generation from wind and solar photovoltaics. For separated countries, balancing is required to cover around 24% of the total annual energy consumption. This number can be reduced down to 15% once all countries are networked together with uncon- strained interconnectors. The reduction represents the maximum possible benefit of transmission for the countries. The total Net Transfer Capacity of the unconstrained interconnectors is roughly twelve times larger than current values. However, constrained interconnector capacities six times larger than the current values are found to provide 97% of the maximum possible benefit of cooperation. This motivates a detailed investig...

Rodriguez, Rolando A; Andresen, Gorm B; Heide, Dominik; Greiner, Martin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Research of Speed Ratio Matching Strategies of Hydro-Mechanical Continuously Variable Transmission System for Tractor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To realize the optimal power and best fuel economy performance of engine, the speed ratio matching strategies of tractor with hydro-mechanical continuously variable transmission (HMCVT) system are studied. The engine output torque model and fuel consumption ... Keywords: Tractor, Hydro-mechanical continuously variable transmission, Speed ratio, Matching strategies

Liyou Xu; Zhili Zhou; Fuyi Cao; Mingzhu Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Underground Transmission Cable System Construction and Installation Practices Manual — 2012 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reliable underground transmission line depends on acceptable cable system manufacturing, design, construction, installation, operation, and maintenance. Within implementation, construction and installation remain the most expensive processes. Recent advances in underground transmission have led to more demand for best practices and innovative ways to reduce construction and installation costs in a cable project. Background ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

183

The integration of renewable energy sources into electric power transmission systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Renewable energy technologies such as photovoltaics, solar thermal power plants, and wind turbines are nonconventional, environmentally attractive sources of energy that can be considered for electric power generation. Many of the areas with abundant renewable energy resources (very sunny or windy areas) are far removed from major load centers. Although electrical power can be transmitted over long distances of many hundreds of miles through high-voltage transmission lines, power transmission systems often operate near their limits with little excess capacity for new generation sources. This study assesses the available capacity of transmission systems in designated abundant renewable energy resource regions and identifies the requirements for high-capacity plant integration in selected cases. In general, about 50 MW of power from renewable sources can be integrated into existing transmission systems to supply local loads without transmission upgrades beyond the construction of a substation to connect to the grid. Except in the Southwest, significant investment to strengthen transmission systems will be required to support the development of high-capacity renewable sources of 1000 MW or greater in areas remote from major load centers. Cost estimates for new transmission facilities to integrate and dispatch some of these high-capacity renewable sources ranged from several million dollars to approximately one billion dollars, with the latter figure an increase in total investment of 35%, assuming that the renewable source is the only user of the transmission facility.

Barnes, P.R.; Dykas, W.P.; Kirby, B.J.; Purucker, S.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lawler, J.S. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Transmission System Efficiency and Utilization Improvement: Summary of R&D Activity and Demonstration Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

  This report compiles and summarizes the activities, findings, and main conclusions derived from the development of EPRI R&D Program 172 - Efficient Transmission Systems for a Carbon-Constrained World.BackgroundEPRI R&D Program 172, Efficient Transmission Systems for a Carbon-Constrained World, was initiated in 2008 and finalized in 2012. The main objective of the program was to assist utilities to prepare for operating a power-delivery system ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Abstract--Three known use-based allocation methods for payments of electricity transmission systems are compared.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- Three known use-based allocation methods for payments of electricity transmission of the electricity markets. Electricity transmission has economies of scale and scope, making the transmission sector in identifying the transmission lines used by each agent of the system. Electricity flows in accordance

Rudnick, Hugh

186

Feedback assisted transmission subspace tracking for MIMO systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in frequency-division duplex (FDD) systems. Those works havesubspace tracking in a FDD system. The objective complex

Banister, B C; Zeidler, J R

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research/Energy System Integration -- Transmission-Planning Research & Development Scoping Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Research/ Energy System Integration Transmission-Research Program Energy System Integration Public InterestCommission’s PIER Energy Systems Integration program for

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard; Widergren, Steven

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The Electricity Transmission System Opportunities to Overcome Key Challenges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opportunities to Overcome Key Challenges Opportunities to Overcome Key Challenges Summary Results of Breakout Group Discussions Electricity Transmission Workshop Double Tree Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia November 2, 2012 Breakout Group Discussion Overview Opportunities to Overcome Key Challenges Each of the four breakout groups prioritized the critical issues facing the grid from the list of synthesized challenges identified in the first breakout session of the workshop. Focusing on these top priorities, each group proposed specific R&D activities and initiatives that DOE can pursue to overcome these challenges and address existing gaps. Summary of Synthesized Challenges A. Need improved understanding of the availability, utility, maintenance, exchange, and security of data and associated requirements.

189

Development of coke strength after reaction (CSR) at Dofasco  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to prevent coke degradation without detrimentally affecting blast furnace service life, Dofasco initiated a project to improve coke strength after reaction. The results of the program and Dofasco's prediction model are presented. 9 refs., 12 figs., 9 tabs.

T.W. Todoschuk; J.P. Price; J.F. Gransden

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Evaluation of power system security and development of transmission pricing method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric power utility industry is presently undergoing a change towards the deregulated environment. This has resulted in unbundling of generation, transmission and distribution services. The introduction of competition into unbundled electricity services may lead system operation closer to its security boundaries resulting in smaller operating safety margins. The competitive environment is expected to lead to lower price rates for customers and higher efficiency for power suppliers in the long run. Under this deregulated environment, security assessment and pricing of transmission services have become important issues in power systems. This dissertation provides new methods for power system security assessment and transmission pricing. In power system security assessment, the following issues are discussed 1) The description of probabilistic methods for power system security assessment 2) The computation time of simulation methods 3) on-line security assessment for operation. A probabilistic method using Monte-Carlo simulation is proposed for power system security assessment. This method takes into account dynamic and static effects corresponding to contingencies. Two different Kohonen networks, Self-Organizing Maps and Learning Vector Quantization, are employed to speed up the probabilistic method. The combination of Kohonen networks and Monte-Carlo simulation can reduce computation time in comparison with straight Monte-Carlo simulation. A technique for security assessment employing Bayes classifier is also proposed. This method can be useful for system operators to make security decisions during on-line power system operation. This dissertation also suggests an approach for allocating transmission transaction costs based on reliability benefits in transmission services. The proposed method shows the transmission transaction cost of reliability benefits when transmission line capacities are considered. The ratio between allocation by transmission line capacity-use and allocation by reliability benefits is computed using the probability of system failure.

Kim, Hyungchul

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

100 Meter Time of Flight System for Transmission Experiments Michael Rapp, Yaron Danon, Robert Block  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

100 Meter Time of Flight System for Transmission Experiments Michael Rapp, Yaron Danon, Robert of the detectors was chosen to take advantage of the neutron beam geometry at the detector location, 100 meters

Danon, Yaron

192

Adaptive neurofuzzy inference system-based pollution severity prediction of polymeric insulators in power transmission lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the prediction of pollution severity of the polymeric insulators used in power transmission lines using adaptive neurofuzzy inference system (ANFIS) model. In this work, laboratory-based pollution performance tests were carried out ...

C. Muniraj; S. Chandraseka

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Characterization of Petroleum Coke and Butts Used in Anode ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Particulate Composites. Presentation Title, Characterization of Petroleum Coke ...

194

U.S. Refinery Thermal Cracking, Fluid Coking Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Thermal Cracking, Fluid Coking Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

195

U.S. Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity as ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Marketable Petroleum Coke Production Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

196

Effect of Coke particle size on sinter quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, EMPMD Technical Division Student Poster Contest. Presentation Title, Effect of Coke particle size ...

197

Low pressure electrospray ionization system and process for effective transmission of ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems and methods that provide up to complete transmission of ions between coupled stages with low effective ion losses. An "interfaceless" electrospray ionization system is further described that operates an electrospray at a reduced pressure such that standard electrospray sample solutions can be directly sprayed into an electrodynamic ion funnel which provides ion focusing and transmission of ions into a mass analyzer. Furthermore, chambers maintained at different pressures can allow for more optimal operating conditions for an electrospray emitter and an ion guide.

Tang, Keqi (Richland, WA); Page, Jason S (Kennewick, WA); Kelly, Ryan T (West Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D (Richland, WA)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

198

Coke oven gas desulfurization: at Republic Steel's New Coking Facility, Warren, OH  

SciTech Connect

Our performance test indicates that the Sulfiban process is an effective method for removing H/sub 2/S from coke-oven gas. The process is able to handle variations in coke-oven gas flow and composition. Continuing efforts are underway to maintain optimum desulfurization conditions while trying to reduce waste production and MEA consumption. The problems which have prevented us from operating continuously have given us a better understanding of the process. This has contributed to better plant operations and greater equipment reliability for us to obtain continuous coke-oven gas desulfurization. 2 figures, 1 table.

Boak, S.C.; Prucha, D.G.; Turic, H.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Effect of Trace Elements on Anaerobic Digestion of Coking Wastewater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pretreatment of coking wastewater using ASBR was conducted at 35? in this paper. The addition of trace elements to the anaerobic reactor has positive effect on the anaerobic treatment of coking wastewater, but too much or too little of it will ... Keywords: trace elements, anaerobic digestion, coking wastewater

Yu-ying Li; Bing Li

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Financial Analysis for Developing CDM Project in the Coke Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the coke plant, the traditional coke wet quenching method is to be used to cool down the red hot coke and waste heat is released to the atmosphere in China. There are a lot of smog, particles, cyanide, sulphide and etc. mixtures within the waste heat. ... Keywords: CDQ technology, CO2 emission reductions, financial analysis, potential calculation, recycle sustainable development

Ma Xiuqin; Huang Chao; Wu Guoning

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Kansas refinery starts up coke gasification unit  

SciTech Connect

Texaco Refining and Marketing Inc. has started up a gasification unit at its El Dorado, Kan., refinery. The unit gasifies delayed coke and other refinery waste products. This is the first refinery to install a coke-fueled gasification unit for power generation. Start-up of the $80-million gasification-based power plant was completed in mid-June. The gasifier produces syngas which, along with natural gas, fuels a combustion turbine. The turbine produces virtually 100% of the refinery`s electricity needs and enough heat to generate 40% of its steam requirements.

Rhodes, A.K.

1996-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

Fundamentals of Delayed Coking Joint Industry Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coking test facilities include three reactors (or cokers) and ten utilities. Experiments were conducted using the micro-coker, pilot-coker, and stirred-batch coker. Gas products were analyzed using an on-line gas chromatograph. Liquid properties were analyzed in-house using simulated distillation (HP 5880a), high temperature gas chromatography (6890a), detailed hydrocarbon analysis, and ASTM fractionation. Coke analyses as well as feedstock analyses and some additional liquid analyses (including elemental analyses) were done off-site.

Volk Jr., Michael; Wisecarver, Keith D.; Sheppard, Charles M.

2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

July 31 Webinar to Provide Guidance on Transmission Feasibility and System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 31 Webinar to Provide Guidance on Transmission Feasibility and July 31 Webinar to Provide Guidance on Transmission Feasibility and System Impact Studies July 31 Webinar to Provide Guidance on Transmission Feasibility and System Impact Studies July 24, 2013 - 10:32am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, "Conducting Transmission Feasibility and System Impact Studies," on Wednesday, July 31, 2013, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The development of more renewable energy resources raises challenges and opportunities for the electric grid relating to upgrades and potential new construction. Likewise, commercial-scale renewable energy development

204

Design, construction and start-up of a modern coke plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The planning and design of a 60-oven, 6m replacement coke battery and associated by-products plant for Republic Steel Corp, Chicago, are described together with the constructional methods used and problems experienced through start-up of the facility. Pushing emission control is achieved with a Mitsubishi-type land-based system and changing emission control with a Nippon Steel combination car and land-based system. A Takahax-Hirohax coke-oven gas desulphurization unit is included in the by-product plant. Construction began in March 1979 with the first push in December 1981.

Williams, A.E.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Electrical Collection and Transmission Systems for Offshore Wind Power: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The electrical systems needed for offshore wind farms to collect power from wind turbines--and transmit it to shore--will be a significant cost element of these systems. This paper describes the development of a simplified model of the cost and performance of such systems.

Green, J.; Bowen, A.; Fingersh, L.J.; Wan, Y.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Valley Group, Inc. CAT-1 TM Transmission Line Monitoring Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We wish to commend the CEC on its leadership role in exploring all facets of renewable energy, especially wind resource development and related transmission system issues. The Valley Group has been involved with numerous studies relating to wind farm transmission access, and is directly involved with several IEEE and CIGRE task force initiatives related to wind as it specifically relates to transmission line capacity. We are pleased to have this opportunity to share our findings with the commission. With regard to the workshop questions posed on physical limits of existing transmission facilities and methods to facilitate access to renewable resources, we wish to call your attention to some actual results observed at a utility in the southwest U.S. using Dynamic Line Rating technology to optimize access to wind farm energy production while ensuring transmission grid reliability, all at minimal cost to the utility and its ratepayers. The bottom line is that Dynamic Line Rating technology enables transmission system operators to utilize the natural correlation that exists between wind farm output and real (not assumed) transmission line capacity. This is not theorized, but rather has been proven and successfully implemented. We strongly recommend that CEC and CPUC take the time to fully understand Dynamic Line Rating

Commissioner John; L. Geesman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Guide for Economic Evaluation of Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) in Open Access Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The onset of deregulation in the electric power industry may have a chilling effect on a utility's willingness to upgrade its power delivery system because of perceived economic or environmental risks. This report provides a guide for utilities when undertaking evaluation and planning for the use of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) technology as cost-effective devices for power delivery system enhancements.

1997-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

208

Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A particle trap is provided for gas insulated transmission lines having a central high voltage conductor supported within an outer coaxial conductive sheath by a dielectric support member. A cavity between the inner conductor and outer sheath is filled with a dielectric insulating gas. A cone-like particle deflector, mounted to the inner conductor, deflects moving particles away from the support member, to radially outer portions of the cavity. A conductive shield is disposed adjacent the outer sheath to form a field-free region in radially outer portions of the cavity, between the shield and the sheath. Particles traveling along the cavity are deflected by the cone-like deflector into the field-free region where they are held immobile. In a vertical embodiment, particles enter the field-free region through an upper end of a gap formed between shield and sheath members. In a horizontal embodiment, the deflector cone has a base which is terminated radially internally of the shield. Apertures in the shield located adjacent the deflector allow passage of deflected particles into the field-free region. The dielectric support member is thereby protected from contaminating particles that may otherwise come to rest thereon.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A particle trap is provided for gas insulated transmission lines having a central high voltage conductor supported within an outer coaxial conductive sheath by a dielectric support member. A cavity between the inner conductor and outer sheath is filled with a dielectric insulating gas. A cone-like particle deflector, mounted to the inner conductor, deflects moving particles away from the support member, to radially outer portions of the cavity. A conductive shield is disposed adjacent the outer sheath to form a field-free region in radially outer portions of the cavity, between the shield and the sheath. Particles traveling along the cavity are deflected by the cone-like deflector into the field-free region where they are held immobile. In a vertical embodiment, particles enter the field-free region through an upper end of a gap formed between shield and sheath members. In a horizontal embodiment, the deflector cone has a base which is terminated radially internally of the shield. Apertures in the shield located adjacent the deflector allow passage of deflected particles into the field-free region. The dielectric support member is thereby protected from contaminating particles that may otherwise come to rest thereon.

Cookson, A.H.

1984-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

210

Combined transmission distribution load flow model employing system reduction and voltage variable load representation  

SciTech Connect

In the few decades since its introduction the digital computer has found widespread application within the electric power industry. One of the more fruitful areas for its utilization has been in the determination of the steady-state voltage conditions throughout the system. A power system naturally breaks down into two very distinct parts: transmission and distribution, and traditionally, the voltage problem has been separated the same way. In the transmission system it is referred to as a load flow problem, and in the distribution part it is called a voltage profile. In addition, the loads are often treated differently. Transmission loads are usually considered to be constant power, and the equations that result are therefore nonlinear. In the distribution portion the loads, though specified in terms of power, are sometimes handled as constant impedances, with linear equations. This work produced a new model wherein a mesh transmission system is combined with a radial distribution system and they are solved simultaneously. A system reduction technique is used to eliminate part of the transmission system from consideration, and thereby keep the problem at a manageable size. The solution algorithm incorporates a voltage variable load model which approximates the behavior of real loads more nearly than the common representations.

Enouen, P.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Electric power transmission and distribution systems: costs and their allocation. Research report  

SciTech Connect

Transmission and distribution costs contribute significantly to the total costs of providing electrical service. The costs derived from the transmission and distribution (TandD) system have historically comprised about 2/3 the costs of producing and delivering electricity to residential-commercial customers, and over 1/3 the total costs supplying electricity to large industrial customers. This report: (1) estimates the differences in transmission and distribution equipment required to serve industrial and residential-commercial customers and allocates to the above two customer classes the average costs of installing this equipment; (2) estimates the costs of operation and maintenance of the transmission and distribution system, and allocates these costs to the customer classes; and (3) calculates the TandD derived average costs for the two customer classes. (GRA)

Baughman, M.L.; Bottaro, D.J.

1975-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Fundamentals of Delayed Coking Joint Industry Project  

SciTech Connect

Delayed coking evolved steadily over the early to mid 1900s to enable refiners to convert high boiling, residual petroleum fractions to light products such as gasoline. Pound for pound, coking is the most energy intensive of any operation in a modern refinery. Large amounts of energy are required to heat the thick, poor-quality petroleum residuum to the 900 to 950 degrees F required to crack the heavy hydrocarbon molecules into lighter, more valuable products. One common misconception of delayed coking is that the product coke is a disadvantage. Although coke is a low valued (near zero economic value) byproduct, compared to transportation fuels, there is a significant worldwide trade and demand for coke as it is an economical fuel. Coke production has increased steadily over the last ten years, with further increases forecast for the foreseeable future. Current domestic production is near 111,000 tons per day. A major driving force behind this increase is the steady decline in crude quality available to refiners. Crude slates are expected to grow heavier with higher sulfur contents while environmental restrictions are expected to significantly reduce the demand for high-sulfur residual fuel oil. Light sweet crudes will continue to be available and in even greater demand than they are today. Refiners will be faced with the choice of purchasing light sweet crudes at a premium price, or adding bottom of the barrel upgrading capability, through additional new investments, to reduce the production of high-sulfur residual fuel oil and increase the production of low-sulfur distillate fuels. A second disadvantage is that liquid products from cokers frequently are unstable, i.e., they rapidly form gum and sediments. Because of intermediate investment and operating costs, delayed coking has increased in popularity among refiners worldwide. Based on the 2000 Worldwide Refining Survey published in the Oil and Gas, the delayed coking capacity for 101 refineries around the world is 2,937,439 barrels/calendar day. These cokers produce 154,607 tons of coke per day and delayed coking accounts for 88% of the world capacity. The delayed coking charge capacity in the United States is 1,787,860 b/cd. Despite its wide commercial use, only relatively few contractors and refiners are truly knowledgeable in delayed-coking design, so that this process carries with it a ''black art'' connotation. Until recently, the expected yield from cokers was determined by a simple laboratory test on the feedstock. As a result of Tulsa University's prior related research, a process model was developed that with additional work could be used to optimize existing delayed cokers over a wide range of potential feedstocks and operating conditions. The objectives of this research program are to: utilize the current micro, batch and pilot unit facilities at The University of Tulsa to enhance the understanding of the coking process; conduct additional micro and pilot unit tests with new and in-house resids and recycles to make current optimization models more robust; conduct focused kinetic experiments to enhance the furnace tube model and to enhance liquid production while minimizing sulfur in the products; conduct detailed foaming studies to optimize the process and minimize process upsets; quantify the parameters that affect coke morphology; and to utilize the knowledge gained from the experimental and modeling studies to enhance the computer programs developed in the previous JIP for optimization of the coking process. These refined computer models will then be tested against refinery data provided by the member companies. Novel concepts will also be explored for hydrogen sulfide removal of furnace gases as well as gas injection studies to reduce over-cracking. The following deliverables are scheduled from the two projects of the three-year JIP: (1) A novel method for enhancing liquid yields from delayed cokers and data that provide insight as to the optimum temperature to remove hydrogen sulfide from furnace gases. (2) An understanding of what causes foaming in c

Michael Volk Jr; Keith Wisecarver

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Proceedings: EPRI 2009 HVDC and Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2009 EPRI HVDC and FACTS Conference was held November 5-6, 2009, at the headquarters of Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, Inc. in Westminster, Colorado. The conference brought together utilities, researchers, and equipment suppliers to discuss the current state of research and development in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) and flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) technologies. The presentations and session discussions covered a broad range of initiatives under way in North Ame...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

214

Precision-analog fiber-optic transmission system  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the design, experimental development, and construction of a DC-coupled precision analog fiber optic link. Topics to be covered include overall electrical and mechanical system parameters, basic circuit organization, modulation format, optical system design, optical receiver circuit analysis, and the experimental verification of the major design parameters.

Stover, G.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Condition Assessment Techniques for Laminar Dielectric Transmission Cable Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As aging and higher circuit loadings lead to increased failures of pipe-type cable systems, utilities need effective techniques for assessing the key components of these systems. Many off-line and on-line diagnostic and assessment techniques are in use to inspect the condition of laminar dielectric cable systems. However, because of the high labor costs and required circuit outage of off-line testing, much of the current research and development focuses on methods of on-line monitoring. A number of mecha...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

216

REDUCING POWER PRODUCTION COSTS BY UTILIZING PETROLEUM COKE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Petroleum coke, a byproduct of the petroleum-refining process, is an attractive primary or supplemental fuel for power production primarily because of a progressive and predictable increase in the production volumes of petroleum coke (1, 2). Petroleum coke is most commonly blended with coal in proportions suitable to meet sulfur emission compliance. Petroleum coke is generally less reactive than coal; therefore, the cofiring of petroleum coke with coal typically improves ignition, flame stability, and carbon loss relative to the combustion of petroleum coke alone. Although petroleum coke is a desirable fuel for producing relatively inexpensive electrical power, concerns about the effects of petroleum coke blending on combustion and pollution control processes exist in the coal-fired utility industry (3). The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) completed a 2-year technical assessment of petroleum coke as a supplemental fuel. A survey questionnaire was sent to seven electric utility companies that are currently cofiring coal and petroleum coke in an effort to solicit specific suggestions on research needs and fuel selections. An example of the letter and survey questionnaire is presented in Appendix A. Interest was expressed by most utilities in evaluating the effects of petroleum coke blending on grindability, combustion reactivity, fouling, slagging, and fly ash emissions control. Unexpectedly, concern over corrosion was not expressed by the utilities contacted. Although all seven utilities responded to the question, only two utilities, Northern States Power Company (NSP) and Ameren, sent fuels to the EERC for evaluation. Both utilities sent subbituminous coals from the Power River Basin and petroleum shot coke samples. Petroleum shot coke is produced unintentionally during operational upsets in the petroleum refining process. This report evaluates the effects of petroleum shot coke blending on grindability, fuel reactivity, fouling/slagging, and electrostatic precipitator (ESP) fly ash collection efficiency.

Kevin C. Galbreath; Donald L. Toman; Christopher J. Zygarlicke

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The Reliability Investigation on ACSR Splice Connector Systems Used in Overhead Power transmission Lines  

SciTech Connect

Due to material discontinuity and inherited forming mechanism from a crimped-type splice connector, the associated conductor-connector system is highly sensitive to system components aging, especially during high-temperature operations. Furthermore, due to the increase in power demand and limited investment in new infrastructure, existing overhead power transmission lines often need to operate at temperatures higher than the original designed values. This has led to the accelerated aging and degradation of conductor-connector systems. The implications of connector aging are two-fold: (1) significant increase in resistivity of the splice connector and (2) significant reduction in the connector clamping strength. Therefore, splice connectors are one of the weakest links in the electric power transmission infrastructure. In this paper we will discuss the reliability of splice connector systems, including both single stage and two stage splice connectors, used in ACSR conductor of transmission lines under high temperature operations.

Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Jiang, Hao [ORNL; Ren, Fei [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Stabilizing control of parallel AC-DC power transmission systems by approximate switching curve  

SciTech Connect

A method to improve the transient stability of bulk power transmission system is presented. The method stabilizes the control of parallel ac-dc transmission systems using an approximate switching curve. The optimal switching curve is approximated by a power series and the resulting switching curve is determined independent of type and duration of faults that occur to the system. In addition, coefficients of the switching curve can be calculated on a off-line basis which allows use of simple on-line algebraic calculations in emergency conditions.

Ichiyanagi, K.; Kobayashi, H.; Kakehu, H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-35)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14, 2001 14, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-35) James Jellison - TFO/Olympia Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Chehalis-Mayfield No. 1 230 kV Transmission Line ROW and the Mossy Rock-Chehalis Transmission Line ROW, between 7/1 to 27/10. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with an average corridor width of 162 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Lewis County, WA, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

220

Performance evaluation of spatially multiplexed MIMO systems with subset antenna transmission in interference limited environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmit antenna selection in spatially multiplexed multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems is a low complexity low-rate feedback technique, which involves transmission of a reduced number of streams from the maximum possible to improve the error ... Keywords: Co-channel interference, MIMO systems, Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, Transmit antenna selection

Shreeram Sigdel; Witold A. Krzymie?

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Simulation of atmospheric overvoltages on 400kV power lines in transmission system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

External overvoltages are unambiguously caused by atmospheric overvoltages on overhead lines an emerges during storms. The paper presents simulation results of atmospheric overvoltages in slovak transmission system, which were realized in purpose of ... Keywords: overhead power lines, overvoltages, power system, surge arrester

Martin Mucha; Žaneta Eleschová; Anton Belá?; František Janí?ek; Peter Szathmáry

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Sensor, method and system of monitoring transmission lines  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus, method, and system for measuring the magnetic field produced by phase conductors in multi-phase power lines. The magnetic field measurements are used to determine the current load on the conductors. The magnetic fields are sensed by coils placed sufficiently proximate the lines to measure the voltage induced in the coils by the field without touching the lines. The x and y components of the magnetic fields are used to calculate the conductor sag, and then the sag data, along with the field strength data, can be used to calculate the current load on the line and the phase of the current. The sag calculations of this invention are independent of line voltage and line current measurements. The system applies a computerized fitter routine to measured and sampled voltages on the coils to accurately determine the values of parameters associated with the overhead phase conductors.

Syracuse, Steven J.; Clark, Roy; Halverson, Peter G.; Tesche, Frederick M.; Barlow, Charles V.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

223

Impacts of Extreme Weather Events on Transmission and Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme weather encompasses weather phenomena that are especially severe, unseasonal, or at the extremes of historical distributions. Extreme weather events, such as Hurricane Katrina, for example, have resulted in widespread damage to the power infrastructure and caused severe outages, which affected millions of customers. This report discusses the impacts of extreme weather events on power systems and synthesizes utility experiences, lessons learned from different storms occurring around the globe, and...

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

224

The Communication Networks Guidebook for Intelligent Transmission Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Smart Grid will provide a wide-area view of system performance and health and anticipate events and take action to avoid disruptions or minimize their impact. With these capabilities, utilities can improve reliability and optimize utilization of assets. Robust and highly integrated communications and distributed computing infrastructures will be needed to create a Smart Grid. However, there are numerous communication technologies; and identifying, analyzing, and selecting the right networks to support ...

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mechanical Effects on Extruded Dielectric Cables and Joints Installed in Underground Transmission Systems in North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In other parts of the world, cable is directly buried or installed in tunnels; but underground cable systems in North America have traditionally been installed in duct/manhole systems or in pipes. In these settings, cables expand and contract during load cycling; and the resulting mechanical stresses can have an impact on the reliable performance of the cable system. With the increased use of extruded dielectric transmission cable systems, EPRI member utilities are faced with the challenge of evaluating ...

2004-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

226

Abstract--Improvements in transmission and distribution networks can be noticed in most countries that had their system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the National Electricity Regulatory Agency has established that the monthly amount of transmission system usage1 Abstract--Improvements in transmission and distribution networks can be noticed in most one of the biggest challenges is the transmission and distribution open access. In Brazil

Morton, David

227

Price of dwindling supply of better-quality coke will trend upward during this decade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the markets for petroleum coke with particular emphasis on the USA. The factors affecting the price of Green Coke are examined. It is considered that the price of any coke is set by the mix of markets available to the market based on demand. However, refiners producing similar quality cokes, will not necessarily receive the same netback price even if their cokes are sold to the same mix of markets. Calcined coke is used almost exclusively by the Aluminium industry thus green coke prices are indirectly tied to those of Aluminium as green coke is the primary carbon source for the calcined coke market.

Fasullo, P.; Tarrillion, T.; Matson, J.

1982-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

228

REDUCING POWER PRODUCTION COSTS BY UTILIZING PETROLEUM COKE  

SciTech Connect

A Powder River Basin subbituminous coal from the North Antelope mine and a petroleum shot coke were received from Northern States Power Company (NSP) for testing the effects of parent fuel properties on coal-coke blend grindability and evaluating the utility of petroleum coke blending as a strategy for improving electrostatic precipitator (ESP) particulate collection efficiency. Petroleum cokes are generally harder than coals, as indicated by Hardgrove grindability tests. Therefore, the weaker coal component may concentrate in the finer size fractions during the pulverizing of coal-coke blends. The possibility of a coal-coke size fractionation effect is being investigated because it may adversely affect combustion performance. Although the blending of petroleum coke with coal may adversely affect combustion performance, it may enhance ESP particulate collection efficiency. Petroleum cokes contain much higher concentrations of V relative to coals. Consequently, coke blending can significantly increase the V content of fly ash resulting from coal-coke combustion. Pentavalent vanadium oxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) is a known catalyst for transforming gaseous sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}[g]) to gaseous sulfur trioxide (SO{sub 3}[g]). The presence of SO{sub 3}(g) strongly affects fly ash resistivity and, thus, ESP performance.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Functional requirements for a collaborative platform for power transmission system operators: the case of South Eastern Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic development and the use of technology have led the developed and developing countries to an increasing demand for electrical power to fuel their activities. To respond in that challenge, transmission system operators should be provided with ... Keywords: distribution management system, electrical market management system, energy management system, supervisory control and data acquisition, transmission grids

P. Krommydakis; P. Karampelas; K. Xilogiannopoulos; L. Ekonomou

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Study of transmission and protection elements for wind energy generating systems. Volume 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results are reported of a study at Cornell University on transmission, distribution, and protection systems for large wind-energy generators (WEG) connected to an electric utility grid. Configurations for wind farms on flat terrain, mountain-peak clusters, and installations along a ridge were examined. Computer studies of load-flow and short-circuit behavior confirmed the technical feasibility of the proposed systems. Realistic unit costs for the projected transmission and protection schemes range from $109 to $317 per Kw, depending upon choice of configuration and distance from the grid. Cost of protective equipment is found to be a major factor in most cases, tending to be equal or greater than transmission line costs when the WEG units are located five miles or less from the grid. Several alternatives are suggested for future study.

Linke, S; Teshome, A; Yehsakul, P D

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A test of a 2 Tesla superconducting transmission line magnet system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superconducting transmission line magnet test system for an injector accelerator of a staged VLHC proton-proton colliding beam accelerator has been built and operated at Fermilab. The 1.5 m long, twin-aperture, combined function dipole magnet of 2 Tesla field is excited by a single turn 100 kA transmission line superconductor. The 100 kA dc current is generated using dc-dc switching converters powered by a bulk 240 kW supply. A pair of horizontally placed conventional leads facilitates transfer of this current to the magnet transmission line superconductor operating at liquid helium temperature. Fabrication of magnet components and magnet assembly work are described. The magnet test system and its operation are presented, and the performance is summarized.

Piekarz, Henryk; Carcagno, Ruben; Claypool, Brad; Foster, George W.; Hays, Steven L.; Huang, Yuenian; Kashikhin, Vladimir; Malamud, Ernest; Mazur, Peter O.; Nehring, Roger; Oleck, Andrew; Rabehl, Roger; Schlabach, Phil; Sylvester, Cosmore; Velev, Gueorgui; Volk, James; /Fermilab; Wake, Masayoshi; /KEK, Tsukuba

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Method for reducing coke oven carbonization pressure  

SciTech Connect

A method of reducing the carbonization pressure in the coking of coal is provided which comprises randomly dispersing flakes through the coal, said flakes formed of a material that does not pass through a plastic phase such as pressed sawdust wherein the flakes have a thickness of between about 1/8 '' and about 3/4 '' and a length and width of between about 1'' and about 5''.

Perch, M.

1981-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

233

Transmission Reliability Evaluation of Large Scale System (TRELSS) Software, Version 6.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TRELSS, Version 6.0 has been upgraded recently. The TRELSS code simulates power transmission systems and allows the reliability of the modeled system to be accurately estimated. TRELSS computes reliability indices using a contingency enumeration approach, which involves selection and evaluation of contingencies, classification of each contingency according to specified failure criteria, and accumulation of reliability indices. Two methods of reliability assessment are used: the System Problem Approach (w...

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

234

Table 16. U.S. Coke Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Coke Exports U.S. Coke Exports (short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 16. U.S. Coke Exports (short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 162,796 79,217 201,795 242,013 340,944 -29.0 Canada* 73,859 17,837 112,348 91,696 161,596 -43.3 Mexico 88,535 60,517 86,721 149,052 176,163 -15.4 Other** 402 863 2,726 1,265 3,185 -60.3 South America Total 223 217 591 440 1,158 -62.0 Other** 223 217 591 440 1,158 -62.0 Europe Total 48,972 59,197 - 108,169 6 NM Other** 347 11,743 - 12,090 - - United Kingdom 48,625 47,454 - 96,079 6 NM Asia Total 317 553 633 870 4,778

235

Table 21. U.S. Coke Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Coke Imports U.S. Coke Imports (short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 21. U.S. Coke Imports (short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 10,284 2,293 159,462 12,577 183,712 -93.2 Canada 3,009 2,293 159,462 5,302 183,712 -97.1 Panama 7,275 - - 7,275 - - South America Total 25,267 13,030 88,424 38,297 106,612 -64.1 Brazil - - 78,595 - 78,595 - Colombia 25,267 13,030 9,829 38,297 28,017 36.7 Europe Total 6,044 40,281 165,027 46,325 485,791 -90.5 Czech Republic - 170 - 170 - - Spain 363 - - 363 - - Ukraine 5,681 40,111 5,047 45,792 53,543 -14.5 United Kingdom

236

Reducing Power Production Costs by Utilizing Petroleum Coke  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Petroleum coke, a byproduct of the petroleum-refining process, is an attractive primary or supplemental fuel for power production primarily because of a progressive and predictable increase in the production volumes of petroleum coke. It is most commonly blended with coal in proportions suitable to meet sulfur emission compliance, and is generally less reactive than coal. Therefore, the cofiring of petroleum coke with coal typically improves ignition, flame stability, and carbon loss relative to the comb...

2000-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

237

Design and economics for low pressure delayed coking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current refining trend is to run heavier crudes with a growing emphasis on bottom of the barrel resid upgrading. In general, a reduction in light crude availability and a corresponding increase in the price differential between light and heavy crudes makes the processing of heavier crudes highly attractive. US Department of Energy data indicate that between 1985 and 1989 the average API gravity of crude being processed in the US dropped from 32.46 to 32.14 degrees while the average sulfur content increased 0.15 wt%. As crudes get heavier and the demand for light, clean fuels increases, expanded resid upgrading capacity is rapidly becoming a necessity for most refiners. The coking process has existed since the early 1900's, and delayed coking is still favored as a relatively low cost resid upgrading option. Consistent with the objective of maximizing resid conversion, recent trends in delayed coking include maximizing liquid yields and reducing the production of petroleum coke by operating coke drums at lower pressures. Typically, the incremental liquid gained at lower pressures is worth significantly more than coke and can be further upgraded to lighter products. In addition, the driving force to minimize coke make has been accelerated by the worsening quality of crude oils. As vacuum resid feedstocks become heavier, contaminants in coke such as sulfur and metals are increased, making the coke less marketable. In the case of an existing coker which is capacity limited by coke make, a reduction in coke yield can be quite valuable. This paper discusses the design features and presents the economics associated with building a low pressure delayed coker with a 15 psig coke drum operating pressure versus a more conventional 25 psig design.

Bansal, B.B.; Moretta, J.C.; Gentry, A.R. (M.W. Kellogg Co., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Current trends in transmission system planning needed in competitive and deregulated environment using artificial intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper picturesquely depicts the changing trends and values under new circumstances which are developed in the sector of electric power system i.e. generation side and partly on the way in transmission and distribution network. A very clear advocacy ... Keywords: competitive, congestion, deregulation, market dynamic, monitoring, restructuring

Aamir Mahboob Ilahi; Suhail Aftab Qureshi

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Field Partial Discharge Measurements on Extruded Dielectric Transmission Cable Systems - State of the Art  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a review of technical literature, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) technical reports, and industry guides to determine the current state of the art for field partial discharge (PD) measurements on extruded dielectric transmission cable systems. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of field PD measurement test results.

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

240

Z .Decision Support Systems 24 1999 297310 A transmission-constrained unit commitment method in power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ã?ersity of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA b Pacific Gas Electric Company, San Francisco, CA 94177, USA Abstract. The transmission constraints, as well as the demand and spinning reserve constraints, are relaxed by attaching generating units over a short-term planning horizon subject to the satisfaction of demand and other system

Oren, Shmuel S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Service-Oriented Architecture for Electric Power Transmission System Asset Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern electric power systems comprising of power transmission and distribution grids consist of a large in operating modern high-voltage electric power sys- tems. The proposed framework integrates real-time data of equipment. The failure of critical equipment can adversely impact the entire distribution grid and increase

Honavar, Vasant

242

Vibrated Bulk Density (VBD) of Calcined Petroleum Coke and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Vibrated bulk density (VBD) is a quantitative measurement used in the aluminum industry to evaluate the density of calcined petroleum coke.

243

Impurity Removal from Petroleum Coke - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Impurity Removal from Petroleum Coke. Author(s), Alexandre Gagnon, Hans Darmstadt, Nigel Backhouse, Esme Ryan, Laurence Dyer, David ...

244

Vibrated Bulk Density (VBD) of Calcined Petroleum Coke and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Vibrated Bulk Density (VBD) of Calcined Petroleum Coke and Implications of Changes in the ASTM Method D4292. Author(s), Bill Spencer, ...

245

Coking is a refinery process that produces 19% of finished ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Financial market analysis and financial data ... hydraulically cutting the coke using water. ... to a heater as a fluidized solid where some of it is ...

246

Influence of Petroleum Coke Sulphur Content on the Sodium ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 1993 ... Influence of Petroleum Coke Sulphur Content on the Sodium Sensitivity of Carbon Anodes by S.M. Hume ... TMS Student Member price: 0.00.

247

Determination of Coke Calcination Level and Anode Baking Level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Determination of Coke Calcination Level and Anode Baking Level – Application and Reproducibility of Lc Based Methods. Author(s), Stein ...

248

Use of Coal Tar Pitch Coke for Producing Prebaked Electrodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study was conducted in order to (1) find an alternative material to petroleum coke due to its high cost and deteriorating properties, and (2) determine the ...

249

Modélisation thermomécanique d'un piédroit de four à coke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Inscrite dans le cadre du projet européen Coke Oven Operating Limits, cette thèse porte sur la modélisation thermomécanique d'un piédroit de cokerie. Le piédroit est… (more)

Landreau, Matthieu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Discrete Element Method Applied to the Vibration Process of Coke ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, effects of particle shape and size distribution on vibrated bulk density (VBD) of dry coke samples have been investigated. Discrete Element ...

251

Increasing Coke Impurities – Is this Really a Problem for Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Increases in the Vanadium and Nickel content of anode grade coke in recent years have predictably affected smelter metal quality. This has now ...

252

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-40)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2002 9, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-40) William T. Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Allston-Keeler 500 kV Transmission Line ROW exclusive to BLM lands between 8/4 through 27/4. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with an average corridor width of 150 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Washington and Columbia County, in the State of Oregon, Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

253

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-11)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-10)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-13)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

256

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-12)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-06)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to apply selected herbicides to control annual weeds that are competing with native grasses that were seeded two years ago. Herbicides will also be applied at the base of the existing wooden transmission line poles located in the pasture area. BPA would conduct the vegetation control with the goal of promoting native grass growth and to provide fire protection for the wooden transmission line poles. The pasture area is, for the most part, flat with elevation increasing towards the northwest corner. Slopes are not steep in that area. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

258

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-07)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vegetation Management on section of three ROWs. The ROWs include selected sections of the McNary Powerhouse, the present and proposed new sections of the McNary-Roundup and the McNary Switchyard South Transmission lines. BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for pertinent information on each section of referenced transmission line. BPA would conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way and to clear vegetation from new rights-of-way corridors. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

259

Corrosion of Buried Steel Pipes Used With Transmission Pipe-Type Cable Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although pipe-type underground transmission cables were designed with a life expectancy of 40 years, many of these cables have reached this threshold and are still performing satisfactorily. The buried steel pipes that surround the cables are protected by coatings and cathodic-protection systems. These protective systems need to be routinely inspected and maintained in order to extend their own life expectancy and thereby protect the cables within the steel pipes. This report provides research results an...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

260

Adsorptive removal of nitrogen from coal-based needle coke feedstocks using activated carbon.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A low percentage of nitrogen in needle coke feedstocks is desired for the reduction of puffing during the process of graphitization of needle coke. The… (more)

Madala, Sreeja.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Prediction of Coke Quality in Ironmaking Process: A Data Mining Approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coke is an indispensable material in Ironmaking process by blast furnace. To provide good and constant quality coke for stable and efficient blast furance operation… (more)

Hsieh, Hsu-huang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The design of high-speed data transmission method for a small nuclear physics DAQ system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large number of data need to be transmitted in high-speed between Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and Advanced RISC Machines 11 micro-controller (ARM11) when we design a small data acquisition (DAQ) system for nuclear experiments. However, it is a complex problem to beat the target. In this paper, we will introduce a method which can realize the high-speed data transmission. By this way, FPGA is designed to acquire massive data from Front-end electronics (FEE) and send it to ARM11, which will transmit the data to other computer through the TCP/IP protocol. This paper mainly introduces the interface design of the high-speed transmission between FPGA and ARM11, the transmission logic of FPGA and the driver program of ARM11. The research shows that the maximal transmission speed between FPGA and ARM11 by this way can reach 50MB/s theoretically, while in nuclear physics experiment, the system can acquire data with the speed of 2.2MB/s.

Zhou, Wenxiong; Nan, Gangyang; Zhang, Jianchuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The electric delivery system-a complex network of transmission and distribu  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

electric delivery system-a complex network of transmission and distribu- electric delivery system-a complex network of transmission and distribu- tion lines, substations, and electrical components-is aging. To deliver more electricity and ensure reliability, the grid needs to be modernized. As the grid is being upgraded, it is also being challenged by increased needs to integrate variable renewable energy resources such as solar and wind, the potential growth of electric vehicles and related charging infrastructure, and the potential development of new electricity market designs and operating practices. To help decision makers better understand how these changes and challenges are shaping electricity delivery systems, as well as provide the industry with the tools necessary to cope with the new designs, the Reliability and Markets activ-

264

Transmission Line Inspires A New Distributed Algorithm to Solve the Nonlinear Dynamical System of Physical Circuit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As known, physical circuits, e.g. integrated circuits or power system, work in a distributed manner, but these circuits could not be easily simulated in a distributed way. This is mainly because that the dynamical system of physical circuits is nonlinear and the linearized system of physical circuits is non-symmetrical. This paper proposes a simple and natural strategy to simulate the physical circuit in parallel, by mimicking the internal wires or interconnects inside the circuits by distributed numerical algorithm. Mimic Transmission Method (MTM) is a new distributed numerical algorithm to solve the nonlinear ordinary differential equations extracted from physical circuits. It maps the transmission delay of interconnects between subcircuits to the communication delay of digital data link between processors. MTM is not a global iterative algorithm, and it does only one distributed computation at each time window to obtain accurate result, so unconvergence issues do not need to be worried about.

Wei, Fei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Bonneville Project Act, Federal Columbia River Transmission System Act and Other Related Legislation.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Legislative texts are provided for: Bonneville Project Act which authorizes the completion, maintenance, and operation of Bonneville project for navigation, and for other purposes; Federal Columbia River Transmission system Act which enables the Secretary of the Interior to provide for operation, maintenance, and continued construction of the Federal transmission system in the Pacific Northwest by use of the revenues of the Federal Columbia River Power System and the proceeds of revenue bonds, and for other purposes; public law 88--552 which guarantees electric consumers of the Pacific Northwest first call on electric energy generated at Federal hydroelectric plants in that regions and reciprocal priority, and for other purposes; and public law 78--329 which provides for the partial construction of the Hungary Horse Dam on the South Fork of the Flathead River in the state of Montana, and for other purposes

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Transmission | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Transmission Transmission Below are resources for Tribes on transmission. Transmission 101 Presentation from the National Council on Electricity Policy's Transmissions Technologies workshop. Includes information on transmission technology, costs, and how to plan the system. Transmission on Tribal Land Basics The Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse provides resources for development on tribal lands. Topics covered include transmission technology basics, potential impacts, law and regulations, and tribal incentives. Transmission Pre-Feasibility Study for Tribes Presentation on the components of a pre-feasibility study including generation location, sizing, and desirability, ability and cost to deliver, capacity versus energy, time of delivery versus peak, request for

267

Impact of Transmission on Resource Adequacy in Systems with Wind and Solar Power: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Variable generation is on track to become a significant contributor to electric power systems worldwide. Thus, it is important to analyze the effect that renewables will have on the reliability of systems. In this paper we present a new tool being implemented at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which allows the inclusion of variable generation in the power system resource adequacy. The tool is used to quantify the potential contribution of transmission to reliability in highly interconnected systems and an example is provided using the Western Interconnection footprint.

Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Model documentation: Natural gas transmission and distribution model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS was developed in the Office of integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy information Administration (EIA). NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the EIA and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. The NGTDM is the model within the NEMS that represents the transmission, distribution, and pricing of natural gas. The model also includes representations of the end-use demand for natural gas, the production of domestic natural gas, and the availability of natural gas traded on the international market based on information received from other NEMS models. The NGTDM determines the flow of natural gas in an aggregate, domestic pipeline network, connecting domestic and foreign supply regions with 12 demand regions. The methodology employed allows the analysis of impacts of regional capacity constraints in the interstate natural gas pipeline network and the identification of pipeline capacity expansion requirements. There is an explicit representation of core and noncore markets for natural gas transmission and distribution services, and the key components of pipeline tariffs are represented in a pricing algorithm. Natural gas pricing and flow patterns are derived by obtaining a market equilibrium across the three main elements of the natural gas market: the supply element, the demand element, and the transmission and distribution network that links them. The NGTDM consists of four modules: the Annual Flow Module, the Capacity F-expansion Module, the Pipeline Tariff Module, and the Distributor Tariff Module. A model abstract is provided in Appendix A.

NONE

1995-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

269

An Exact Combinatorial Analysis for the Performance Evaluation of Framed Slotted Aloha Systems with Diversity Transmission Over Erasable Wireless Channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Framed Slotted Aloha (FSA) protocols are widely used in various communication systems. This paper investigates the performance of FSA systems that employ diversity transmission (DT) techniques over erasable wireless channels. Two DT schemes, DT-SWIR ... Keywords: Activity factor, Diversity transmission, Erasable channels, Framed slotted Aloha, Sampling with/without replacement

In-Hang Chung; Ming-Ching Yen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the NationalEnergy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

Congestion analysis using National Energy Modeling National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) or NEMS-derivatives, such as LBNL-NEMS, is subject to significant caveats because the generation logic inherent in NEMS limits the extent to which interregional transmission can be utilized and intraregional transmission is not represented at all. The EMM is designed primarily to represent national energy markets therefore regional effects may be simplified in ways that make congestion analysis harder. Two ways in particular come to mind. First, NEMS underutilizes the capability of the traditional electric grid as it builds the dedicated and detached grid. Second, it also undervalues the costs of congestion by allowing more transmission than it should, due to its use of a transportation model rather than a transmission model. In order to evaluate benefits of reduced congestion using LBNL-NEMS, Berkeley Lab identified three possible solutions: (1) implement true simultaneous power flow, (2) always build new plants within EMM regions even to serve remote load, and (3) the dedicated and detached grid should be part of the known grid. Based on these findings, Berkeley Lab recommends the following next steps: (1) Change the build logic that always places new capacity where it is needed and allow the transmission grid to be expanded dynamically. (2) The dedicated and detached grid should be combined with the traditional grid. (3) Remove the bias towards gas fired combine cycle and coal generation, which are the only types of generation currently allowed out of region. (4) A power flow layer should be embedded in LBNL-NEMS to appropriately model and limit transmission.

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

271

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

272

Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands Kari Burman, Dan Olis, Vahan Gevorgian, Adam Warren, and Robert Butt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Peter Lilienthal and John Glassmire HOMER Energy LLC Technical Report NREL/TP-7A20-51294 September 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Technical Report NREL/TP-7A20-51294 September 2011 Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the

273

Conceptual design of air-core superconducting power transformer for cable transmission system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The air-core superconducting transformer, which has a large magnetizing current, has been proposed as a power transformer that has the function as a shunt reactor. In this paper, the basic design procedure for the air-core superconducting transformer is presented. By using this procedure, 500/{radical}(3kV)--66/{radical}(3kV)--300 MVA single phase air-core transformer is designed for a model cable transmission system. Then, the performance of this transformer in the model cable transmission system is analyzed, and it is confirmed that the air-core superconducting transformer can function as a shunt reactor in addition to the principal as a power transformer.

Yamaguchi, Hiroshi; Sato, Yukihiko; Kataoka, Teruo [Tokyo Inst. of Tech. (Japan). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) with CO2 as Heat Transmission Fluid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with CO2 as Heat Transmission Fluid with CO2 as Heat Transmission Fluid Geothermal Lab Call Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) with CO2 as Heat Transmission Fluid Project Type / Topic 1 Laboratory Call for Submission of Applications for Research, Development and Analysis of Geothermal Technologies Project Type / Topic 2 Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Reservoir Rock Chemical Interactions Project Description Previous and current attempts to develop EGS in the U.S., Japan, Europe and Australia have all employed water as a heat transmission fluid. Water has many properties that make it a favorable medium for heat extraction, but it also has serious drawbacks. The use of supercritical CO2 (scCO2) instead of water as heat extraction fluid was suggested by Donald Brown of Los Alamos National Laboratory as a "game changing" alternative that can avoid the problems of aqueous fluids, make heretofore inaccessible energy resources available for human use, and provide ancillary benefits by using and storing CO2.

275

Pulse-excited, auto-zeroing multiple channel data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple channel data transmission system is provided in which signals from a plurality of pulse operated transducers and a corresponding plurality of pulse operated signal processor channels are multiplexed for single channel FM transmission to a receiving station. The transducers and corresponding channel amplifiers are powered by pulsing the dc battery power to these devices to conserve energy and battery size for long-term data transmission from remote or inaccessible locations. Auto zeroing of the signal channel amplifiers to compensate for drift associated with temperature changes, battery decay, component aging, etc., in each channel is accomplished by means of a unique auto zero feature which between signal pulses holds a zero correction voltage on an integrating capacitor coupled to the corresponding channel amplifier output. Pseudo-continuous outputs for each channel are achieved by pulsed sample-and-hold circuits which are updated at the pulsed operation rate. The sample-and-hold outputs are multiplexed into an FM/FM transmitter for transmission to an FM receiver station for demultiplexing and storage in separate channel recorders.

Fasching, G.E.

1985-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

276

Pulse-excited, auto-zeroing multiple channel data transmission system  

SciTech Connect

A multiple channel data transmission system is provided in which signals from a plurality of pulse operated transducers and a corresponding plurality of pulse operated signal processor channels are multiplexed for single channel FM transmission to a receiving station. The transducers and corresponding channel amplifiers are powered by pulsing the dc battery power to these devices to conserve energy and battery size for long-term data transmission from remote or inaccessible locations. Auto zeroing of the signal channel amplifiers to compensate for drift associated with temperature changes, battery decay, component aging, etc., in each channel is accomplished by means of a unique auto zero feature which between signal pulses holds a zero correction voltage on an integrating capacitor coupled to the corresponding channel amplifier output. Pseudo-continuous outputs for each channel are achieved by pulsed sample-and-hold circuits which are updated at the pulsed operation rate. The sample-and-hold outputs are multiplexed into an FM/FM transmitter for transmission to an FM receiver station for demultiplexing and storage in separate channel recorders.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Energy efficiency of alternative coke-free metallurgical technologies  

SciTech Connect

Energy analysis is undertaken for the blast-furnace process, for liquid-phase processes (Corex, Hismelt, Romelt), for solid-phase pellet reduction (Midrex, HYL III, LP-V in a shaft furnace), for steel production in systems consisting of a blast furnace and a converter, a Midrex unit and an arc furnace, or a Romelt unit and an arc furnace, and for scrap processing in an arc furnace or in an LP-V shaft furnace. Three blast-furnace processes with sinter and coke are adopted as the basis of comparison, as in: the standard blast-furnace process used in Russia; the improved blast-furnace process with coal-dust injection; and the production of vanadium hot metal from vanadium-bearing titanomagnetite ore (with a subsequent duplex process, ferrovanadium production, and its use in the arc furnace).

V.G. Lisienko; A.V. Lapteva; A.E. Paren'kov [Ural State Technical University - Ural Polytechnic Institute, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Stress transmission and isostatic states of non-rigid particulate systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The isostaticity theory for stress transmission in macroscopic planar particulate assemblies is extended here to non-rigid particles. It is shown that, provided that the mean coordination number in $d$ dimensions is $d+1$, macroscopic systems can be mapped onto equivalent assemblies of perectly rigid particles that support the same stress field. The error in the stress field that the compliance introduces for finite systems is shown to decay with size as a power law. This leads to the conclusion that the isostatic state is not limited to infinitely rigid particles both in two and in three dimensions, and paves the way to an application of isostaticity theory to more general systems.

Raphael Blumenfeld

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

279

Field Guide: Inspection of Transmission Line Grounding Systems (Optimized for Electronic Viewing)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI report, one in a series of practical guides designed as reference aids for utility personnel working in the field, visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line grounding systems. It presents photographs and short written descriptions of the conditions and lists associated causes, failure modes, and impacts. This field guide has been optimized for viewing on electronic devices. For a standard PDF or copy of this product printed on high-quality paper ...

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

280

Electricity Transmission, A Primer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission, A Primer Electricity Transmission, A Primer This primer on electric transmission is intended to help policymakers understand the physics of the transmission system,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

282

Natural gas transmission and distribution model of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS was developed in the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the EIA and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. From 1982 through 1993, the Intermediate Future Forecasting System (IFFS) was used by the EIA for its analyses, and the Gas Analysis Modeling System (GAMS) was used within IFFS to represent natural gas markets. Prior to 1982, the Midterm Energy Forecasting System (MEFS), also referred to as the Project Independence Evaluation System (PIES), was employed. NEMS was developed to enhance and update EIA`s modeling capability by internally incorporating models of energy markets that had previously been analyzed off-line. In addition, greater structural detail in NEMS permits the analysis of a broader range of energy issues. The time horizon of NEMS is the midterm period (i.e., through 2015). In order to represent the regional differences in energy markets, the component models of NEMS function at regional levels appropriate for the markets represented, with subsequent aggregation/disaggregation to the Census Division level for reporting purposes.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Independent transmission system operators and their role in maintaining reliability in a restructured electric power industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the current status of proposals to form Independent System Operators (ISOs) to operate high-voltage transmission systems in the United States and reviews their potential role in maintaining bulk power system reliability. As background information, the likely new industry structure, nature of deregulated markets, and institutional framework for bulk power system reliability are reviewed. The report identifies issues related to the formation of ISOs and their roles in markets and in reliability, and describes potential policy directions for encouraging the formation of effective ISOs and ensuring bulk system reliability. Two appendices are provided, which address: (1) system operation arrangements in other countries, and (2) summaries of regional U.S. ISO proposals.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Bang-bang-type optimal constant current control of parallel ac-dc power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

The transient stability of an ac-dc hybrid system can be improved greatly by controlling the power flow of the dc transmission line. In this study the optimal changeover curve of dc current setting value on the phase plane with a quadratic curve are approximated. The coefficients of this curve are calculated in advance taking into account the loading condition of the power system and hence the proposed control scheme can be used for emergency control of the power system. The main conclusions from this study were that: to facilitate transient stability analysis, the dc transmission line is represented by equivalent load admittances, which vary every second with the operating condition of the transmission line; the action of the speed governor increases the damping coefficient of the power system and reduces the control time which means that the admissible range of the dc current setting value can be reduced by increasing the governor gain; and the optimal change-over curve of the dc current setting value is approximated by a quadratic curve, whose coefficients can be calculated in advance taking into account the loading condition of the power system. The suboptimal changeover curve thus obtained makes it possible to change the setting value of dc current without time delay in emergency condition. While the case of three-phase short-circuit fault was specifically discussed, it is possible to extend the results obtained to the case of successful or unsuccessful reclosing. The proposed method could also be applied to multimachine systems by using equivalent network reduction methods.

Kobayashi, H.; Ichiyanagi, K.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. The NGTDM is the model within the NEMS that represents the transmission, distribution, and pricing of natural gas. The model also includes representations of the end-use demand for natural gas, the production of domestic natural gas, and the availability of natural gas traded on the international market based on information received from other NEMS models. The NGTDM determines the flow of natural gas in an aggregate, domestic pipeline network, connecting domestic and foreign supply regions with 12 demand regions. The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. Subsequent chapters of this report provide: an overview of NGTDM; a description of the interface between the NEMS and NGTDM; an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM; the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module; the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module; the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module; the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module; and a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-37): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 1/17/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

17, 2002 17, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Covington SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-37) Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Bob Sweet - TFNF/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Monroe-Custer No.1 Transmission Line ROW from 29/1+915 to 45/4+975. The transmission line is 500 kV single circuit transmission line. Project includes adjacent Monroe-Custer No.2 and Arlington-Bellingham single circuit transmission lines having a combined ROW width of 421.5 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in Snohomish and Skagit Counties, WA. Proposed by: Snohomish Regional Headquarters, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

287

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-37): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 1/17/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

17, 2002 17, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Covington SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-37) Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Bob Sweet - TFNF/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Monroe-Custer No.1 Transmission Line ROW from 29/1+915 to 45/4+975. The transmission line is 500 kV single circuit transmission line. Project includes adjacent Monroe-Custer No.2 and Arlington-Bellingham single circuit transmission lines having a combined ROW width of 421.5 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in Snohomish and Skagit Counties, WA. Proposed by: Snohomish Regional Headquarters, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

288

Analysis of operations and cyber security policies for a system of cooperating Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices.  

SciTech Connect

Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices are installed on electric power transmission lines to stabilize and regulate power flow. Power lines protected by FACTS devices can increase power flow and better respond to contingencies. The University of Missouri Rolla (UMR) is currently working on a multi-year project to examine the potential use of multiple FACTS devices distributed over a large power system region in a cooperative arrangement in which the FACTS devices work together to optimize and stabilize the regional power system. The report describes operational and security challenges that need to be addressed to employ FACTS devices in this way and recommends references, processes, technologies, and policies to address these challenges.

Phillips, Laurence R.; Tejani, Bankim; Margulies, Jonathan; Hills, Jason L.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Baca, Micheal J.; Weiland, Laura

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-70)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(8-89) memorandum DATE: 7/19/02 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-70) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist TO: Proposed Action: Vegetation Management on sections of the McNary-Ross, McNary-Horse Heaven, Horse Heaven-Harvarlum, Harvarlum-Big Eddy, and Hanford-John Day Transmission lines. The treatment areas are identified in Step 1 of the Planning Steps shown below. The work will involve the control of noxious weeds in the subject rights-of-ways (ROWs). Location: The ROWs are located in Umatilla and Sherman Counties, Oregon and Benton and Klickitat Counties, Washington, all being in the Walla Walla and Redmond Regions.

290

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-42)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2002 5, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-42) Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Bob Sweet - TFNF/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Snohomish - Murray #1 from str 1\4 to str 18\5. The proposed work will be to remove both danger and reclaim trees outside and inside the right-of-way, respectively. Right-of-way width varies from 125 to 300 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Snohomish County, WA, being in the Snohomish Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to remove both reclaim and danger trees inside and outside the transmission line right of way. BPA crews or contract crews will cut only trees that have

291

Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrating Renewable Energy Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands Kari Burman, Dan Olis, Vahan Gevorgian, Adam Warren, and Robert Butt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Peter Lilienthal and John Glassmire HOMER Energy LLC Technical Report NREL/TP-7A20-51294 September 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Technical Report NREL/TP-7A20-51294 September 2011 Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and

292

Competitive Ratio Analysis of Online Algorithms to Minimize Data Transmission Time in Energy Harvesting Communication System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the optimal online packet scheduling problem in a single-user energy harvesting wireless communication system, where energy is harvested from natural renewable sources, making future energy arrivals instants and amounts random in nature. The most general case of arbitrary energy arrivals is considered where neither the future energy arrival instants or amount, nor their distribution is known. The problem considered is to adaptively change the transmission rate according to the causal energy arrival information, such that the time by which all packets are delivered is minimized. We assume that all bits have arrived and are ready at the source before the transmission begins. For a minimization problem, the utility of an online algorithm is tested by finding its competitive ratio or competitiveness that is defined to be the maximum of the ratio of the gain of the online algorithm with the optimal offline algorithm over all input sequences. We derive a lower and upper bound on the competitive ratio of...

Vaze, Rahul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

STATE RESEARCH, OUTREACH AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO IMPROVE THE NATION’S TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the project 'State Research, Outreach and Technical Assistance to Improve the Nation's Transmission and Distribution Systems' was for the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) to partner with the National Governors Association (NGA) Center for Best Practices, the National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL), and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to assist DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) in its effort to modernize and expand America's electric delivery system. NASEO focused on key transmission and distribution issues where coordination between the federal and state governments was critical. Throughout the duration of this program, NASEO engaged in monthly coordination - occasionally more often - with NGA, NCSL and NARUC. NASEO staff and General Counsel Jeff Genzer also had regular face-to-face meetings, phone calls and emails with OE staff to learn from DOE and share information and feedback from the state energy offices on transmission and distribution. To commence work on this project, NASEO met with OE, NGA, NCSL and NARUC in January 2005 and remained committed to regular communications with all involved entities throughout the duration of this project. NASEO provided comments and analysis to the other partners on deliverable reports under this award. This award provided support to NASEO's Energy Production Committee (chaired by Dub Taylor of Texas, followed by Tom Fuller of Wyoming) to plan and host sessions at NASEO's Annual Meeting and Energy Outlook Conferences. Sessions included presentations from state, DOE, national laboratory and private sector experts on transmission, distribution, distributed energy resources, integrating renewable resources into the electricity grid. NASEO disseminated information to its members through emails and its website on transmission and distribution technology and policy. NASEO was an active member of the National Council on Electricity Policy as part of its transmission and distribution work. The National Council on Electricity Policy (National Council) is a venture between NASEO, NARUC, NCSL, National Association of Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) and the National Governors Association (NGA). The National Council also includes several federal members including FERC, DOE, and the U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA). NASEO members serve on the policy committee and NASEO General Council Jeff Genzer is a member of the National Council's Executive Committee. NASEO staff participated on regularly scheduled policy committee and executive committee calls and helped to plan agendas and publications for various state decision-makers. Specifically, NASEO organized state energy officials and participating in formulating the agenda for meetings, including the Mid-Atlantic Distributed Generation Workshop in New Jersey in September 2007. NASEO shared the results of these meetings through its website, email communications and direct conversations with state energy officials. NASEO participated as a member of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE) Leadership Committee, representing the interests and expertise of the state energy offices. In addition, NASEO was part of the Long-Term Vision Committee. NASEO members also participated in these activities and NASEO has encouraged further efforts of its membership with regards to NAPEE. NASEO has worked to ensure that its membership has the most timely and accurate information about transmission and distribution technology and policy. Its work with other associations has facilitated greater partnerships to enhance activities across the nation and encourage state energy offices to collaborate with public utility commissions, legislatures and executives to improve modern transmission and distribution. NASEO has identified transmission and distribution as a key area for further action.

David Terry; Ben Deitchman; Shemika Spencer

2009-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

294

U.S. Exports to Saudi Arabia of Petroleum Coke (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Coke Exports by Destination; Saudi Arabia Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination ...

295

U.S. Exports to South Africa of Petroleum Coke (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Coke Exports by Destination; South Africa Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination ...

296

Coke profile and effect on methane/ethylene conversion process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to investigate the coke profile with respect to time on stream and the change of product distribution due to catalyst deactivation. A fixed bed reactor was used to conduct this investigation. A series of runs were conducted using the Engelhard catalyst with fixed operating conditions. The only variable was the time on stream of each run. Six experiments were conducted starting with one hour time on stream up to six hours with an increment of one hour. In each experiment data on product flow rate, reactor temperature, and product distribution were collected. And at the end of each run, the amount of coke deposited on the catalyst was measured. Hydrogen concentration in the product distribution decreased as a function of time on stream. On the other hand, low and high end hydrocarbons increased with time on stream. The coke deposition kinetics for the catalyst at the process operating conditions can be estimated using Voorhies' empirical formula. The coke profile inside the reactor showed that the coke reaction follows a parallel mechanism to the main reaction. Ethylene was found to be the main coke precursor; however, the participation of methane in the coke reaction could not be neglected.

Al-Solami, Bandar

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Coke mineral transformations in the experimental blast furnace  

SciTech Connect

Blast furnace efficiency may be improved by optimizing coke reactivity. Some but not all forms of mineral matter in the coke modify its reactivity, but changes in mineral matter that occur within coke while in the blast furnace have not been fully quantified. To determine changes in mineral matter forms in the blast furnace, coke samples from a dissection study in the LKAB experimental blast furnace (EBF) were characterized using SEM/EDS analysis, EPMA (microprobe), and low-temperature ashing/quantitative XRD analysis. Variations in alkali concentration, particularly potassium, dominated the compositional changes. At high concentrations of potassium, the mineral matter was largely potassium-bearing but even more potassium was diffused throughout the coke and not associated with mineral matter. There was little difference in potassium concentration between the core and surface of the coke pieces, suggesting that potassium diffused rapidly through the whole coke. Iron, calcium, silicon, and aluminum concentrations were relatively constant in comparison, although the mineralogy of all elements changed significantly with changing temperature. 23 refs., 20 figs., 9 tabs.

Kelli Kazuberns; Sushil Gupta; Mihaela Grigore; David French; Richard Sakurovs; Mats Hallin; Bo Lindblom; Veena Sahajwalla [University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia). Cooperative Research Centre for Coal in Sustainable Development (CCSD)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP) interaction with power transmission and distribution systems  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the effects of the late-time high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electrical transmission and distribution (T D) systems. This environment, known as the magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP), is a very slowly varying electric field induced in the earth's surface, similar to the field induced by a geomagnetic storm. It can result in the flow of a quasi-dc current in grounded power lines and in the subsequent magnetic saturation of transformers. This saturation, in turn, causes 6-Hz harmonic distortion and an increase in the reactive power required by generation facilities. This report analyzes and discusses these phenomena. The MHD-EMP environment is briefly discussed, and a simplified form of the earth-induced electric field is developed for use in a parametric study of transmission line responses. Various field coupling models are described, and calculated results for the responses of both transmission- and distribution-class power lines are presented. These calculated responses are compared with measurements of transformer operation under dc excitation to infer the MHD-EMP response of these power system components. It is found that the MHD-EMP environment would have a marked effect on a power system by inducing up to several hundreds of amperes of quasi-dc current on power lines. These currents will cause transformers to saturate which could result in excessive harmonic generation, voltage swings, and voltage suppression. The design of critical facilities which are required to operate during and after MHD-EMP events will have to be modified in order to mitigate the effects of these abnormal power system conditions.

Tesche, F.M. (Tesche (F.M.), Dallas, TX (United States)) [Tesche (F.M.), Dallas, TX (United States); Barnes, P.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)) [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering) [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP) interaction with power transmission and distribution systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the effects of the late-time high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electrical transmission and distribution (T&D) systems. This environment, known as the magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP), is a very slowly varying electric field induced in the earth`s surface, similar to the field induced by a geomagnetic storm. It can result in the flow of a quasi-dc current in grounded power lines and in the subsequent magnetic saturation of transformers. This saturation, in turn, causes 6-Hz harmonic distortion and an increase in the reactive power required by generation facilities. This report analyzes and discusses these phenomena. The MHD-EMP environment is briefly discussed, and a simplified form of the earth-induced electric field is developed for use in a parametric study of transmission line responses. Various field coupling models are described, and calculated results for the responses of both transmission- and distribution-class power lines are presented. These calculated responses are compared with measurements of transformer operation under dc excitation to infer the MHD-EMP response of these power system components. It is found that the MHD-EMP environment would have a marked effect on a power system by inducing up to several hundreds of amperes of quasi-dc current on power lines. These currents will cause transformers to saturate which could result in excessive harmonic generation, voltage swings, and voltage suppression. The design of critical facilities which are required to operate during and after MHD-EMP events will have to be modified in order to mitigate the effects of these abnormal power system conditions.

Tesche, F.M. [Tesche (F.M.), Dallas, TX (United States); Barnes, P.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meliopoulos, A.P.S. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Variation in coke properties within the blast-furnace shop  

SciTech Connect

In active production at OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat (MMK), samples of melt materials were taken during shutdown and during planned repairs at furnaces 1 and 8. In particular, coke was taken from the tuyere zone at different distances from the tuyere tip. The mass of the point samples was 2-15 kg, depending on the sampling zone. The material extracted from each zone underwent magnetic separation and screening by size class. The resulting coke sample was averaged out and divided into parts: one for determining the granulometric composition and mechanical strength; and the other for technical analysis and determination of the physicochemical properties of the coke.

E.N. Stepanov; I.I. Mel'nikov; V.P. Gridasov; A.A. Stepanova [OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat (MMK), Magnitogorsk, (Russian Federation)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Clock division as a power saving strategy in a system constrained by high transmission frequency and low data rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems are often restricted to have higher transmission frequency than required by their data rates. Possible constraints include channel attenuation, power requirements, and backward compatibility. As a result these ...

Selbst, Andrew D. (Andrew David)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Catalyst Petroleum Coke Consumed at ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Catalyst Petroleum Coke Consumed at Refineries (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 ...

303

Comprehensive Effect of Coke Breeze and Limestone Particle Size ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical Enrichment of Precious Metals in Iron Sulfides Using Microwave Energy · Chloridizing ... Co-Gasification Behavior of Metallurgical Coke with High and Low Reactivity .... Thermal Plasma Torches for Metallurgical Applications.

304

Table 38. Coal Stocks at Coke Plants by Census Division  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coal Stocks at Coke Plants by Census Division Coal Stocks at Coke Plants by Census Division (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 38. Coal Stocks at Coke Plants by Census Division (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Census Division June 30, 2013 March 31, 2013 June 30, 2012 Percent Change (June 30) 2013 versus 2012 Middle Atlantic w w w w East North Central 1,313 1,177 1,326 -1.0 South Atlantic w w w w East South Central w w w w U.S. Total 2,500 2,207 2,295 8.9 w = Data withheld to avoid disclosure. Note: Total may not equal sum of components because of independent rounding. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-5, 'Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality Report - Coke Plants.'

305

U.S. Ending Stocks of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Ending Stocks of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 4,502: ...

306

U.S. Exports of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 50,292: ...

307

U.S. Petroleum Coke Consumed at Refineries (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Petroleum Coke Consumed at Refineries (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: ...

308

U.S. Exports of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1981: 2,754: 4,394: 3,722: 3,995: 5,211: ...

309

U.S. Petroleum Coke Stocks at Refineries (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Petroleum Coke Stocks at Refineries (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 10,747: 11,072: 11,444: ...

310

Nippon Coke and Engineering Sumitomo Corp JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Engineering Sumitomo Corp JV Jump to: navigation, search Name Nippon Coke and Engineering & Sumitomo Corp JV Place Tokyo, Japan Zip 135-6007 Product Japan-based natural...

311

Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U. S. Virgin Islands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report focuses on the economic and technical feasibility of integrating renewable energy technologies into the U.S. Virgin Islands transmission and distribution systems. The report includes three main areas of analysis: 1) the economics of deploying utility-scale renewable energy technologies on St. Thomas/St. John and St. Croix; 2) potential sites for installing roof- and ground-mount PV systems and wind turbines and the impact renewable generation will have on the electrical subtransmission and distribution infrastructure, and 3) the feasibility of a 100- to 200-megawatt power interconnection of the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA), Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority (WAPA), and British Virgin Islands (BVI) grids via a submarine cable system.

Burman, K.; Olis, D.; Gevorgian, V.; Warren, A.; Butt, R.; Lilienthal, P.; Glassmire, J.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

(DOE/EIS-0285-SA-100): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 8/15/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 5, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-100) Joe Johnson Natural Resource Specialist TFS/Kalispell Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Libby-Conkelly, 1/2 to 26/4 Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 230kV Double Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 125 feet to 250 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in both Lincoln and Flathead County, MT, being in the Spokane Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. All work will be in

313

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-34) (12/3/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2001 3, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/Z992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-34) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the McNary-Ross Transmission Line ROW between 152/3+2120 to 153/4. The line is 345 kV Single Circuit Transmission Line (project includes adjacent N. Bonneville-Ross 230 kV Single Circuit Transmission Line) having a combined easement width of 300 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in Skamania County, WA, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

314

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA 150 East Ellensburg Tap  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2003 5, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA 150 East Ellensburg Tap Tom Murphy Natural Resource Specialist - TFS/Bell-1 Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the East Ellensburg Tap, 1/6 to 3/19 Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 115 kV Single Circuit Transmission Line with no easement width. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in Kittatas County, WA being in the Spokane Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around transmission line structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the

315

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-127): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 2/19/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEP/4 KEP/4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-127- Eugene-Alvey#2 Benjamin Tilley - TFE/Alvey Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Eugene-Alvey 115 kV transmission line from structure 7/1 through structure 12/2m, and along portions of the following adjacent transmission lines: Hawkins-Alvey 115KV and Alvey-Lane 115KV. Location: The project is located in the BPA Eugene Region in Lane County, Oregon. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of- way, access roads, and around tower structures of the subject transmission line corridor that may impede the operation and maintenance of the identified transmission lines. BPA plans to

316

Priorities in the design of chemical shops at coke plants  

SciTech Connect

Recent trends in the design of chemical equipment at coke plants are described, through the lens of experience at Giprokoks. The main priorities were to improve the removal of impurities from coke oven gas; to improve equipment design on the basis of new materials; to reduce reagent consumption; to reduce the materials and energy consumed in the construction of new equipment; and to minimize impacts on the environment and worker health. Some technological equipment is briefly characterized.

V.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; V.V. Grabko; L.A. Kazak [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

California's electricity system of the future scenario analysis in support of public-interest transmission system R&D planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The California Energy Commission directed the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions to analyze possible future scenarios for the California electricity system and assess transmission research and development (R&D) needs, with special emphasis on prioritizing public-interest R&D needs, using criteria developed by the Energy Commission. The scenarios analyzed in this report are not predictions, nor do they express policy preferences of the project participants or the Energy Commission. The public-interest R&D needs that are identified as a result of the analysis are one input that will be considered by the Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research staff in preparing a transmission R&D plan.

Eto, Joseph; Stovall, John P.

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Closed loop chemical systems for energy storage and transmission (chemical heat pipe). Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work documents the anlaysis of closed loop chemical systems for energy storage and transmission, commonly referred to as the Chemical Heat Pipe (CHP). Among the various chemical reaction systems and sources investigated, the two best systems were determined to be the high temperature methane/steam reforming reaction (HTCHP) coupled to a Very High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (VHTR) and the lower temperature, cyclohexane dehydrogenation reaction (LTCHP) coupled to existing sources such as coal or light water reactors. Solar and other developing technologies can best be coupled to the LTCHP. The preliminary economic and technical analyses show that both systems could transport heat at an incremental cost of approximately $1.50/GJ/160 km (in excess of the primary heat cost of $2.50/GJ), at system efficiencies above 80%. Solar heat can be transported at an incremental cost of $3/GJ/160 km. The use of the mixed feed evaporator concept developed in this work contributes significantly to reducing the transportation cost and increasing the efficiency of the system. The LTCHP shows the most promise of the two systems if the technical feasibility of the cyclic closed loop chemical reaction system can be established. An experimental program for establishing this feasibility is recommended. Since the VHTR is several years away from commercial demonstration and the HTCHP chemical technology is well developed, future HTCHP programs should be aimed at VHTR and interface problems.

Vakil, H.B.; Flock, J.W.

1978-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

On adaptive transmission, signal detection and channel estimation for multiple antenna systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research concerns analysis of system capacity, development of adaptive transmission schemes with known channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) and design of new signal detection and channel estimation schemes with low complexity in some multiple antenna systems. We first analyze the sum-rate capacity of the downlink of a cellular system with multiple transmit antennas and multiple receive antennas assuming perfect CSIT. We evaluate the ergodic sum-rate capacity and show how the sum-rate capacity increases as the number of users and the number of receive antennas increases. We develop upper and lower bounds on the sum-rate capacity and study various adaptive MIMO schemes to achieve, or approach, the sum-rate capacity. Next, we study the minimum outage probability transmission schemes in a multiple-input-single-output (MISO) flat fading channel assuming partial CSIT. Considering two special cases: the mean feedback and the covariance feedback, we derive the optimum spatial transmission directions and show that the associated optimum power allocation scheme, which minimizes the outage probability, is closely related to the target rate and the accuracy of the CSIT. Since CSIT is obtained at the cost of feedback bandwidth, we also consider optimal allocation of bandwidth between the data channel and the feedback channel in order to maximize the average throughput of the data channel in MISO, flat fading, frequency division duplex (FDD) systems. We show that beamforming based on feedback CSI can achieve an average rate larger than the capacity without CSIT under a wide range of mobility conditions. We next study a SAGE-aided List-BLAST detection scheme for MIMO systems which can achieve performance close to that of the maximum-likelihood detector with low complexity. Finally, we apply the EM and SAGE algorithms in channel estimation for OFDM systems with multiple transmit antennas and compare them with a recently proposed least-squares based estimation algorithm. The EM and SAGE algorithms partition the problem of estimating a multi-input channel into independent channel estimation for each transmit-receive antenna pair, therefore avoiding the matrix inversion encountered in the joint least-squares estimation.

Xie, Yongzhe

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

UNDERSTANDING METHANE EMISSIONS SOURCES AND VIABLE MITIGATION MEASURES IN THE NATURAL GAS TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS: RUSSIAN AND U.S. EXPERIENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article will compare the natural gas transmission systems in the U.S. and Russia and review experience with methane mitigation technologies in the two countries. Russia and the United States (U.S.) are the world's largest consumers and producers of natural gas, and consequently, have some of the largest natural gas infrastructure. This paper compares the natural gas transmission systems in Russia and the U.S., their methane emissions and experiences in implementing methane mitigation technologies. Given the scale of the two systems, many international oil and natural gas companies have expressed interest in better understanding the methane emission volumes and trends as well as the methane mitigation options. This paper compares the two transmission systems and documents experiences in Russia and the U.S. in implementing technologies and programs for methane mitigation. The systems are inherently different. For instance, while the U.S. natural gas transmission system is represented by many companies, which operate pipelines with various characteristics, in Russia predominately one company, Gazprom, operates the gas transmission system. However, companies in both countries found that reducing methane emissions can be feasible and profitable. Examples of technologies in use include replacing wet seals with dry seals, implementing Directed Inspection and Maintenance (DI&M) programs, performing pipeline pump-down, applying composite wrap for non-leaking pipeline defects and installing low-bleed pneumatics. The research methodology for this paper involved a review of information on methane emissions trends and mitigation measures, analytical and statistical data collection; accumulation and analysis of operational data on compressor seals and other emission sources; and analysis of technologies used in both countries to mitigate methane emissions in the transmission sector. Operators of natural gas transmission systems have many options to reduce natural gas losses. Depending on the value of gas, simple, low-cost measures, such as adjusting leaking equipment components, or larger-scale measures, such as installing dry seals on compressors, can be applied.

Ishkov, A.; Akopova, Gretta; Evans, Meredydd; Yulkin, Grigory; Roshchanka, Volha; Waltzer, Suzie; Romanov, K.; Picard, David; Stepanenko, O.; Neretin, D.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 4: Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bulk Electric Power Systems: Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission Planning Volume 4 of 4 Volume 2 PDF Volume 3 PDF Volume 1 PDF Volume 4 PDF NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Baldwin, S. U.S. Department of Energy DeMeo, E. Renewable Energy Consulting Services, Inc. Reilly, J.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mai, T. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Arent, D. Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis Porro, G. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Meshek, M. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sandor, D. National Renewable

322

Record of Decision for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program (DOE/EIS-0285) (07/00)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SYSTEM VEGETATION SYSTEM VEGETATION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Record of Decision DOE/EIS-0285 Cooperating Agencies J U L Y 2 0 0 0 Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Record of Decision Table of Contents Summary of Decision .................................................................................................................................... 1 For Further Information .............................................................................................................................. 2 Background ................................................................................................................................................... 3 Decisions ........................................................................................................................................................

323

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-41): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 2/27/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 27, 2002 February 27, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-41) William Erickson - TPF/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management around wood poles in Transmission Line ROW's in the Walla Walla Region (see attached checklist for identification). The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridors with the easement width ranging from 0 to 200 feet. Location: The ROWs are located in Walla Walla Region (see checklist). Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation around

324

Model documentation: Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System; Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is a component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. This report documents the archived version of NGTDM that was used to produce the natural gas forecasts used in support of the Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0383(94). The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. It is intended to fulfill the legal obligation of the EIA to provide adequate documentation in support of its models (Public Law 94-385, Section 57.b.2). This report represents Volume 1 of a two-volume set. (Volume 2 will report on model performance, detailing convergence criteria and properties, results of sensitivity testing, comparison of model outputs with the literature and/or other model results, and major unresolved issues.) Subsequent chapters of this report provide: (1) an overview of the NGTDM (Chapter 2); (2) a description of the interface between the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and the NGTDM (Chapter 3); (3) an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM (Chapter 4); (4) the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module (Chapter 5); (5) the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module (Chapter 6); (6) the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module (Chapter 7); (7) the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module (Chapter 8); and (8) a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs (Chapter 9).

NONE

1994-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

325

Design and operation of the coke-oven gas sulfur removal facility at Geneva Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coke-oven gas sulfur removal facility at Geneva Steel utilizes a combination of two technologies which had never been used together. These two technologies had proven effective separately and now in combination. However, it brought unique operational considerations which has never been considered previously. The front end of the facility is a Sulfiban process. This monoethanolamine (MEA) process effectively absorbs hydrogen sulfide and other acid gases from coke-oven gas. The final step in sulfur removal uses a Lo-Cat II. The Lo-Cat process absorbs and subsequently oxidizes H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur. These two processes have been effective in reducing sulfur dioxide emissions from coke-oven gas by 95%. Since the end of the start-up and optimization phase, emission rate has stayed below the 104.5 lb/hr limit of equivalent SO{sub 2} (based on a 24-hr average). In Jan. 1995, the emission rate from the sulfur removal facility averaged 86.7 lb/hr with less than 20 lb/hr from the Econobator exhaust. The challenges yet to be met are decreasing the operating expenses of the sulfur removal facility, notably chemical costs, and minimizing the impact of the heating system on unit reliability.

Havili, M.U.; Fraser-Smyth, L.L.; Wood, B.W. [Geneva Steel, Provo, UT (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Use of Large Scale Energy Storage for Transmission System Support: Energy Storage as Black-Start Resource  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is a continuation of work conducted during 2011 and 2012 that examined the technical feasibility and assessed the potential benefits of the use of storage technologies--in particular, large battery systems--to increase transmission capability of transmission networks. Included in this effort was an analysis of the feasibility and potential benefits of using the same battery installation for multiple purposes, including overload relief, voltage control, stability improvement, and ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington, Idaho, and Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to replace roughly 12 miles of transmission line on the Taft-Dworshak 500-kV transmission line, install new series capacitors on the Garrison-Taft 500-kV transmission line, and perform various upgrades to Bell, Hatwai, Dworshak, Garrison, and Hot Springs substations.

328

The Application Research of AC Frequency Conversion Technique in Transmission Control System of Oil Rig  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper mainly introduced the basic structure and work principle of transmission agent on electric drilling rig, meanwhile the frequency control and parallel operation of motors used in the transmission agent were analyzed and designed. Using parallel ... Keywords: Rig, Transmission, Frequency control, Parallel Operation Control

Ruifan Yang; Yong Peng

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Probabilistic Approach to Quantifying the Contribution of Variable Generation and Transmission to System Reliability: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The increasing electrical load served by variable generation (VG), such as wind and solar energy, in the United States and many other countries has stimulated an interesting line of research to better quantify the capacity value of these resources. Methods applied traditionally to thermal units based on their average outage rates do not apply to VG because of their uncertain and non-dispatchable nature. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation's Integration of Variable Generation Task Force recently released a report that highlighted the need to develop and benchmark underlying loss-of-load expectation and related metrics that reasonably and fairly calculate the contribution to planning reserves, or capacity value, of solar and wind power. As the fraction of generation coming from VG becomes more significant, their estimated capacity value will have a larger impact on system planning. In this paper, we provide a method to include VG in traditional probabilistic-based adequacy methods. This method has been implemented in the Renewable Energy Probabilistic Resource Assessment tool developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Through an example based on the U.S. Western Interconnection, this method is applied to assess the effect that transmission can have on resource adequacy. We also analyze the interactions between available transmission and capacity value for VG.

Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS DOE/EIS-0285/SA-08  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clearing C-trees along the south side of the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The project involves controlling all tall growing trees (C-Trees) within the right-of-way. All work is to be done on the south side of centerline. Target vegetation is the tall growing Firs along the edge of the ROW, all of which is located within the back yards of the property owners along the right-of-way. The density of vegetation is low and consists of C-Trees located within backyards, with the branches growing towards the lines. Due to lack of access and past verbal agreements with the landowners, permission/agreement has been difficult to obtain from the property owners. Permission has now been obtained to remove the C-Trees within their back yards which, will soon be a hazard to our transmission line facility. We are working with the landowners to get them to plant low growing scrubs and ornamentals within the right-of-way and adjacent to the right-of-way. A follow up herbicide treatment is not planned because the trees being cut will not re-sprout. This right-of-way or project area is on a three to four year maintenance schedule. Little or no treatment should be required in the immediate future.

N /A

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

331

Probabilistic Approach to Quantifying the Contribution of Variable Generation and Transmission to System Reliability: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The increasing electrical load served by variable generation (VG), such as wind and solar energy, in the United States and many other countries has stimulated an interesting line of research to better quantify the capacity value of these resources. Methods applied traditionally to thermal units based on their average outage rates do not apply to VG because of their uncertain and non-dispatchable nature. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation's Integration of Variable Generation Task Force recently released a report that highlighted the need to develop and benchmark underlying loss-of-load expectation and related metrics that reasonably and fairly calculate the contribution to planning reserves, or capacity value, of solar and wind power. As the fraction of generation coming from VG becomes more significant, their estimated capacity value will have a larger impact on system planning. In this paper, we provide a method to include VG in traditional probabilistic-based adequacy methods. This method has been implemented in the Renewable Energy Probabilistic Resource Assessment tool developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Through an example based on the U.S. Western Interconnection, this method is applied to assess the effect that transmission can have on resource adequacy. We also analyze the interactions between available transmission and capacity value for VG.

Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Prediction of metallurgical coke strength from the petrographic composition of coal blends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey, especially Zonguldak on the West Coast of Black Sea region, has large reserves of bituminous coal that can be used either directly or in blends with other coals for metallurgical coke production. It is possible to predict the coking properties of these coals by petrographic analysis. In this study, semi- and non-coking coals were blended with coking bituminous coals in varying proportions and an estimation was made as to their stability factors through petrographic techniques. It was established that semi- and non-coking bituminous coals could be used in the production of metallurgical coke.

Sutcu, H.; Toroglu, I.; Piskin, S. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage performance on the Bonneville Power Administration utility transmission system*  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 30 MJ, 10 MW superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system was devised to interact in the Western U.S. Power System as an alternate means to damp unstable oscillations at 0.35 Hz on the Pacific HVAC Intertie. The SMES unit was installed at the Tacoma Substation of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The operating limits of the 30 MJ SMES unit were established, and different means of controlling real and reactive power were tested. The unit can follow a sinusoidal power demand signal with an amplitude of up to 8.6 MW with the converter working in a 12 pulse mode. When the converter operates in the constant VAR mode, a time varying real power demand signal of up to 5 MW can be met. Experiments showed that the Pacific AC Intertie has current and reactive power variations of the same frequency as the modulating frequency of the SMES device. Endurance tests were run to assess the reliability of the SMES subsystems with a narrow band noise input, which is characteristic of the modulation signal for stabilizer operation. In this mode, the energy of the power spectrum is not concentrated at one frequency to avoid exciting a resonance frequency of the ac transmission system. During the endurance tests, parameters of the ac power system were determined. Accurate power system data are necessary for tuning the control algorithm so that the SMES unit can operate in the closed loop stabilizer mode.

Rogers, J.D.; Boenig, H.J.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Model documentation Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) of the National Energy Modeling System is developed and maintained by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting. This report documents the archived version of the NGTDM that was used to produce the natural gas forecasts presented in the Annual Energy Outlook 1996, (DOE/EIA-0383(96)). The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic approach, and provides detail on the methodology employed. Previously this report represented Volume I of a two-volume set. Volume II reported on model performance, detailing convergence criteria and properties, results of sensitivity testing, comparison of model outputs with the literature and/or other model results, and major unresolved issues.

NONE

1996-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-105): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (08/22/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA 105 Elbe Tap to Alder-LaGrande No. 1 James Jellison - TFO/Olympia Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Elbe Tap to Alder-LaGrande No.1 and 115kV transmission line from structure 1/1 through structure 7/17. Corridor width varies. The project area is located within Whatcom County, Washington. Location: Transmission line is located at and west of Elbe, Pierce County Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of-way, access roads and around tower structures along the subject transmission line corridor. The right-of-way will be treated using selective and non-selective methods that include hand cutting, mowing

336

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-120): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEISq 2/10/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2003 0, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-120 Hanford-Ostrander Corridor Maintenance William Erickson TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Hanford-Ostrander Transmission Line Corridor from Tower 10/4 to Tower 17/2 + 770. The line is a 500kV Single Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 300 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor as referenced on the attached checklist. Location: The subject right-of-way is located in Benton County, WA. In the Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

337

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-119): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 1/29/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2003 9, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-119 Snohomish-Murray No. 1 Transmission Line Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Snohomish-Murray No. 1 Transmission Line from structure 2/6 through structure 18/6. Right of way width is 95 feet. Location: The project area is located within Snohomish County, Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of- way, access roads and around tower structures along the subject transmission line corridor. Total right-of-way acreage is approximately 182.8 acres. Approximately 17 miles of access roads will

338

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-122): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 2/19/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CSB-2 CSB-2 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-122- Bonneville-Alcoa Ed Tompkins, TFO/LMT Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Bonneville-Alcoa 115kV transmission line Location: The project is located in the BPA Olympia Region in Skamania and Clark Counties, Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of- way, along access roads and around tower structures along the subject transmission line corridor that may impede the operation and maintenance of the identified transmission lines. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans

339

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA=32): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (11/15/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 15, 2001 November 15, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285-SA-32) Bill Erickson - TPF/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Re-vegetation Plot Study along the Lower Monumental-McNary Transmission Line ROW. The study area sections are located near structures 38/4 and 39/3. The line is a 500kV Single Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 165 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor as indicated on the attached checklist. Location: The ROW is located in Walla Walla County, WA being in the Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

340

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-57): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/10/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2002 0, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/Z992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-57) Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Trojan-Allston Transmission Lines 1 & 2 ROW between 1/1 and 9/1. The lines are 230 kV Single Circuit Transmission Lines having an easement width of 125 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in Columbia County, OR, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of- ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-20)(8/2/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2001 2, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-20) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla - Natural Resource Specialist Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia - Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the McNary-Ross 161/1 to 166/5+346 Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 345kV Single Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 175 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in Clark County, WA, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

342

DOE/EIS-0285-SA-62: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (4/16/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DATE April 16, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Covington SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-62) Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Rocky Reach - Maple Valley No. 1 Transmission Line ROW from structure 98/2 to structure 110/1. The transmission line is a 500 kV line. Location: The ROW is located King County, WA. Proposed by: Snohomish Regional Headquarters, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear targeted vegetation along access roads and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. BPA plans to conduct vegetation management along existing access road and

343

(DOE/EIS-0285-126): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program 2/19/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEP-4 KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-126- Alvey Fairview Benjamin Tilley - TFE/Alvey Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Alvey Fairview 230kV transmission line from structure 1/1 through structure 64/7. Location: The project is located in the BPA Eugene Region in Coos, Douglas, and Lane Counties, Oregon. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of- way, along access roads and around tower structures along the subject transmission line corridor that may impede the operation and maintenance of the identified transmission lines. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently

344

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285-SA-33)(11/27/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 27, 2001 November 27, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/Z992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS- 0285/SA-33) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the St Helens-Allston Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 115 kV Single Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 100 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Columbia County, OR, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear danger trees from varying widths of the indicated transmission line right-of-way that are approaching electrical clearance zones in accordance

345

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-55): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/12/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2002 2, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Covington SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-55) Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Raver - Paul No. 1 Transmission Line ROW from structure 15/5 to 29/3. The transmission line is a 500 kV line. Location: The ROW is located Pierce County, WA. Proposed by: Snohomish Regional Headquarters, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of- ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line, including both Reclaim and Danger Trees. Also, access road clearing will be

346

Analysis and minimization of power-transmission loss in locally daisy-chained systems by local energy buffering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power-transmission loss can be a severe problem for low-power embedded systems organized in a daisy-chain topology. The loss can be so high that it can result in failure to power the load in the first place. The first contribution of this article is ... Keywords: Power distribution, daisy-chaining, embedded systems, energy storage, power management, sensors

Sehwan Kim; Pai H. Chou

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Hydrodesulfurization of Fluid Catalytic Cracking Decant Oils for the Production of Low-sulfur Needle Coke Feedstocks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Needle coke, produced by the delayed coking of fluid catalytic cracking decant oils, is the primary filler used in the production of graphite electrodes. The… (more)

Wincek, Ronald

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

NDN, volume transmission, and self-organization in brain dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NDN, VOLUME TRANSMISSION, AND SELF- ORGANIZATION IN BRAINThese systems instantiate volume transmission bynonsynaptic diffusion transmission, in concert with the

Freeman, Walter J III

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cable transmission systems:5 two 500 kV circuits, a high-voltage direct current (HVDC) system and two to serve VI and the HVDC link is expected to be completely retired in 2007. This erosion in transmission / replacement of the HVDC cables (at a cost of $230 million), as well as transmission upgrades on the mainland

350

Bulk Electricity System Impacts of Distributed and Transmission System Connected Solar PV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes research examining how increased levels of photovoltaic (PV) can impact the bulk electricity system. Previous modeling of both bulk and distributed systems was extended to include more realistic assumptions, further sensitivities, and greater explanation of results. It was shown that high penetrations of distributed PV without low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) will increase voltage recovery time after a fault. The impact is exacerbated when the potential for residential ac ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene in nonsmokers: a biomarker for coke smoke exposure and general urban PAH exposure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation research examined the validity of urinary 1-OHP as a biomarker of PAH for coke production workers and non-coke oven workers in Anshan City,… (more)

Han, In-Kyu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

DOE/EIS-0285; Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (May 2000)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement Statement DOE/EIS-0285 Arrow-leaf Balsamroot Cooperating Agencies Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0285) Responsible Agency: Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville), U.S. Department of Energy Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Forest Service (FS), U.S. Department of Agriculture; Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Department of Interior Title of Proposed Action: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program States Involved: California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming Abstract: Bonneville is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations in a region of diverse vegetation.

353

The Iron Age & Coal-based Coke: A Neglected Case of Fossil-fuel Dependence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Iron Age & Coal-based Coke: A Neglected Case of Fossil-fuel Dependence by Vaclav Smil September share of their primary energies from renewable sources. Steel & Coal-Derived Coke Here is another important: steel's fundamental dependence on coal-derived coke with no practical substitutes on any rational

Smil, Vaclav

354

Co-combustion Character of Oil Shale and Its Semi-coke on CFB Bench  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semi-coke is by-product from oil shale retorts and it is important to burn it in CFB furnace. But limited to the inflammable combustion traits, co-combustion of semi-coke with raw oil shale would be meaningful. Experimental research on co-combustion ... Keywords: combustion, distribution, semi-coke, temperature

Sun Baizhong; Huang Zhirong

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Miniaturized Fiber-Optic Transmission System for MRI Omer Gokalp Memis,1 Yigitcan Eryaman,1 Orhan Aytur,1 and Ergin Atalar1,2*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Miniaturized Fiber-Optic Transmission System for MRI Signals Omer Gokalp Memis,1 Yigitcan Eryaman,1 to a photodetector with fiber-optic cabling. The overall noise figure of the system is lower than 1 dB. Total power for such a small- sized fiber-optic transmission system is the minimization of cabling problems in phased array

Atalar, Ergin

356

California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research/Energy System Integration -- Transmission-Planning Research & Development Scoping Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project” Presented at Transmission Line Siting Models.last major interregional transmission line to California wasowner. It has built transmission lines across California to

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard; Widergren, Steven

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

National Transmission Grid Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Study Grid Study U.S. Department of Energy The Honorable Spencer Abraham Secretary of Energy May 2002 ii National Transmission Grid Study National Transmission Grid Study i ii National Transmission Grid Study National Transmission Grid Study iii How This Study Was Conducted The National Energy Policy Plan directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study to examine the benefits of establishing a national electricity transmission grid and to identify transmission bottlenecks and measures to address them. DOE began by conducting an independent analysis of U.S. electricity markets and identifying transmission system bottlenecks using DOE's Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS). DOE's analysis, presented in Section 2, confirms the central role of the nation's transmission

358

Theoretical and experimental foundations for preparing coke for blast-furnace smelting  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the preparation of coke for blast-furnace smelting by a method that most fully meets the requirements of blast-furnace technology: screening of the -36 mm fraction, the separation of nut coke of the 15-36 mm fraction, and its charging into the furnace in a mixture with the iron-ore-bearing charge components. An analysis is made of trial use of coke of the Premium class on blast furnace No. 5 at the Enakievo Metallurgical Plant. Use of this coke makes it possible to reduce the consumption of skip coke by 3.2-4.1%.

A.L. Podkorytov; A.M. Kuznetsov; E.N. Dymchenko; V.P. Padalka; S.L. Yaroshevskii; A.V. Kuzin [Enakievo Metallurgical Plant, Enakievo (Ukraine)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Form EIA-5 Users Manual Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality - Coke Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Users Manual Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality - Coke Plants Document Number: 001 Version: 2.0 June 2011 i June 2011 Document History Number Date Section Description 1 2 June 2011 June 2011 Document initiation Revised screen shots and remove external user references. Primary POC: Tejasvi Raghuveer Phone: (202) 586-8926 Email: Tejasvi.Raghuveer@eia.gov Document Changes/Maintenance POC: Primary POC: Tejasvi Raghuveer Phone: (202) 586-8926 Email: Tejasvi.Raghuveer@eia.gov Project References: Coal Internet Data Collection (CIDC) User's Manual, September 2007 ii June 2011 Content 1. General System Overview ................................................................................. 1

360

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-59): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/19/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 19, 2002 April 19, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-59) James Jellison - TFO/Olympia Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Chehalis Covington/ Raver Paul / Paul Alston 230 and 500 kV Transmission line Corridor ROW 48/2 to 70/6 and 1/1 to 13/4. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with a corridor width of 250 to 442 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Thurston County, WA, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-02): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 3/9/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3/09/01 3/09/01 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-02) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Danger tree clearing on nine ROWs. Locations are: the Franklin-Badger Canyon #2; Hedges Tap; White Bluffs-Richland; Grandview-Richland; Badger Canyon-Richland; Franklin- Riverview; Taylor Flats Tap; Walla Walla-Pendleton; and McNary-Slatt Transmission lines. Location: All ROWs are located in the Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear danger trees from varying widths of the indicated transmission line rights-of way that are approaching electrical clearance zones in

362

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-22)(8/17/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 17, 2001 August 17, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-22) Donald F. Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Chief Joseph - Snohomish No.3 and 4 Transmission Line ROW. From STR 94/1 to STR 113/1 Location: The ROW is located in King and Snohomish Counties, WA, in the Snohomish Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is

363

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-23)(8/17/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DATE: August 17, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-23) Donald F. Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Schultz - Raver No.1 and 2 from 60/3 to 75/5 and the Olympia - Grand Coulee from 70/2 to 70/5 Transmission Line ROW's. Location: The ROW is located in King County, WA, in the Snohomish Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways, around tower structures, and along access roads that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. All work will be executed in accordance with the National Electrical Safety

364

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-26)(9/11/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11, 2001 11, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-26) Ben Tilley - TFE/Alvey Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management on Reedsport-Fairview #1 Transmission Line Structure 1/5 to 39/4. Location: All ROW are located in Coos and Douglas Counties, OR, all being in the Eugene Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Eugene Region. Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently

365

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-17)(7/24/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DATE: July 24, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-17) Donald F. Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along selected sections of the Schulz - Raver No.1, 2, 3 & 4, Olymplia - Grand Coulee NO. 1 Transmission Line ROW's. Location: The ROW's are located in Pierce and King Counties, WA, in the Snohomish Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. All work will be executed in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA

366

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-36): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (01/22/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

24, 2002 24, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-38) Benjamin J. Tilley - TFE/Alvey Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Wendson-Tahkenith #1 & #2 1/1-20/4, Tahkenitch-Gardiner #1/1-2/3 and Tahkenitch-Reedsport #1/1-4/2 Transmission Line ROW's. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with and average corridor width of 100 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Douglas and Lane County, OR, being in the Eugene Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

367

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-43): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 2/27/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 27, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-43) William T. Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Lower Monumental - McNary 57/2 to 63/5, and Radar Tap 0/4 to 0/10 Transmission Line ROW's. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with and average corridor width of 165 and 80 feet respectively. Location: The ROW is located in Umatilla and Franklin County, OR, being in the Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

368

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-28)(9/5/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 5, 2001 September 5, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-28) James Jellison - TFO/Olympia Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Port Angeles - Sappo No.1 Transmission Line ROW, from struture 1/1 to structure 42/10. Location: The ROW is located in Clallum County, WA, all in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Olympia Region. Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is

369

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-75): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (06/21/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June June 21, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/Z-992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA- 75-Ross-Lexington. Jim Jellison -- - TFO/Olympia Ed Tompkins -- - TFO/Ross Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Ross Lexington Transmission Line. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove danger trees as well as unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways, along access roads and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. See Section 1.4 of the attached checklist for a complete description of the proposed action. Analysis: Please see the attached checklist for the resources present. Applicable findings and mitigation measures are discussed below. Planning Steps: 1. Identify facility and

370

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-103): Supplemental Analysis for Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (August 12, 2002)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/Z992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-103-Keeler-Pennwalt). Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia Ed Tompkins - TFO/Ross Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Keeler-Pennwalt transmission line and parts of the St. John-Keeler, Rivergate-Keeler, Keeler-Oregon City, & St. John-St. Helens lines. Location: Washington and Multnomah Counties, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to clear targeted vegetation within the Right-of-Ways along access roads and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. See Section 1.4 of the attached checklist for a complete description of the proposed action. Analysis: See the attached checklist for the

371

Transmission Investment Incentives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the use of agent-based simulation as a tool for studying transmission investment incentives, and it is meant to illuminate what accounts for the difficulties in aligning incentives for enhancing the transmission system. The report suggests that a new method of calculation for bid optimization be applied to the economic analysis of long-term incentives for transmission investment. This technology can be broadly applied to help negotiators in transmission planning quantify their count...

2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

372

Table 33. Coal Carbonized at Coke Plants by Census Division  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coal Carbonized at Coke Plants by Census Division Coal Carbonized at Coke Plants by Census Division (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 33. Coal Carbonized at Coke Plants by Census Division (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Census Division April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change Middle Atlantic w w w w w w East North Central 3,051 2,997 3,092 6,048 6,156 -1.8 South Atlantic w w w w w w East South Central w w w w w w U.S. Total 5,471 5,280 5,296 10,751 10,579 1.6 w = Data withheld to avoid disclosure. Note: Total may not equal sum of components because of independent rounding. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-5, 'Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality Report - Coke Plants

373

Process for converting coal into liquid fuel and metallurgical coke  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of recovering coal liquids and producing metallurgical coke utilizes low ash, low sulfur coal as a parent for a coal char formed by pyrolysis with a volatile content of less than 8%. The char is briquetted and heated in an inert gas over a prescribed heat history to yield a high strength briquette with less than 2% volatile content.

Wolfe, Richard A. (Abingdon, VA); Im, Chang J. (Abingdon, VA); Wright, Robert E. (Bristol, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Table 23. Coal Receipts at Coke Plants by Census Division  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Receipts at Coke Plants by Census Division Receipts at Coke Plants by Census Division (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 23. Coal Receipts at Coke Plants by Census Division (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Census Division April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change Middle Atlantic w w w w w w East North Central 3,189 2,679 3,225 5,867 5,993 -2.1 South Atlantic w w w w w w East South Central w w w w w w U.S. Total 5,770 4,962 5,370 10,732 10,440 2.8 w = Data withheld to avoid disclosure. Note: Total may not equal sum of components because of independent rounding. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-5, 'Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality Report - Coke Plants

375

Coke quality for blast furnaces with coal-dust fuel  

SciTech Connect

Recently, plans have been developed for the introduction of pulverized coal injection (PCI) at various Russian metallurgical enterprises. The main incentive for switching to PCI is the recent price rises for Russian natural gas. The paper discusses the quality of coke for PCI into blast furnaces.

Y.A. Zolotukhin; N.S. Andreichikov [Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The development of coke smelting and the industrial revolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abraham Darby and the origins of the industrial revolution in Britain. Alan Macfarlane talks to John about the reasons for the area near Birmingham becoming the epi-centre of the industrial development, and the development of coke furnaces and iron...

Macfarlane, Alan

2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

377

U.S. Refinery Yield of Petroleum Coke (Percent)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Yield of Petroleum Coke (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 4.3: 4.3: 4.3: ...

378

U.S. Refinery Yield of Petroleum Coke (Percent)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Yield of Petroleum Coke (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 4.4: 4.6: 4.5: 4.3: 4.1: 4.2: 4.4: 4.3: ...

379

Use of superconductive technology for energy storage and power transmission for large power systems: power parks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A general review and technology assessment of superconducting magnets for energy storage and superconducting cables for power transmission are presented. It is concluded that the technology is now available for applying superconductivity in the power industry. (TFD)

Keller, W.E.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

State Research, Outreach, and Technical Assistance to Imrove the Nation's Transmission & Distribution System  

SciTech Connect

The broad purpose of this project was to work cooperatively with the DOE to explore technology nad policy issues associated with more efficient, reliable, and affordable electric transmission and distribution use.

J. Fox; M. Keogh; A. Spahn

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

State Research, Outreach, and Technical Assistance to Imrove the Nation's Transmission & Distribution System  

SciTech Connect

The broad purpose of this project was to work cooperatively with the DOE to explore technology nad policy issues associated with more efficient, reliable, and affordable electric transmission and distribution use.

J. Fox; M. Keogh; A. Spahn

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

382

A high speed image transmission system for ultra-wideband wireless links  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra-wideband (UWB) communication is an emerging technology that offers short range, high data rate wireless transmission, with low power consumption and low consumer cost. Operating in the 3.1 GHz - 10.6 GHz frequency ...

Liang, Helen He

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Definition: Transmission Reliability | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to ensure reliable system operation as system conditions change.1 Related Terms transmission lines, transfer capability, system, transmission line References Glossary...

384

Definition: Transmission Reliability Margin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

system operation as system conditions change.1 Related Terms transfer capability, transmission lines, system, transmission line References Glossary of Terms Used in...

385

Number of lightning discharges causing damage to lightning arrester cables for aerial transmission lines in power systems  

SciTech Connect

Damage by lightning discharges to lightning arrester cables for 110-175 kV aerial transmission lines is analyzed using data from power systems on incidents with aerial transmission lines over a ten year operating period (1997-2006). It is found that failures of lightning arrester cables occur when a tensile force acts on a cable heated to the melting point by a lightning current. The lightning currents required to heat a cable to this extent are greater for larger cable cross sections. The probability that a lightning discharge will develop decreases as the amplitude of the lightning current increases, which greatly reduces the number of lightning discharges which damage TK-70 cables compared to TK-50 cables. In order to increase the reliability of lightning arrester cables for 110 kV aerial transmission lines, TK-70 cables should be used in place of TK-50 cables. The number of lightning discharges per year which damage lightning arrester cables is lowered when the density of aerial transmission lines is reduced within the territory of electrical power systems. An approximate relationship between these two parameters is obtained.

Nikiforov, E. P. [Electric Power Scientific Research Institute (VNIIE), branch of OAO 'NTTs Elektroenergetika' (Russian Federation)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Transmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gateway Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Transmission (Redirected from Transmission) Jump to: navigation, search Transmission header.png Transmission Dashboard Permitting Atlas Compare States Arizona California Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Resource Library NEPA Database Transmission Lattice.jpg High-voltage transmission lines form the backbone of electricity systems. Transmission lines are designed to carry large amounts of electricity at high voltages, typically 115 to 500 kilovolts (kV), across long distances. Networks of transmission lines transfer electricity from power plants or other interconnections to substations. At substations, the high-voltage electricity is "stepped down" to a lower voltage, which can be carried

387

Energy-Efficient Delay-Constrained Transmission and Sensing for Cognitive Radio Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we study energy-efficient transmission for Cognitive Radio (CR) which opportunistically operates on Primary User's (PU's) channel through spectrum sensing. Spectrum sensing and compulsory idling (for incumbent protection) introduce energy-overheads for Secondary User's (SU's) operations, and thus an appropriate balance between energy consumption in data transmission and energy-overheads is required. We formulate this problem as a discrete-time Markov Decision Process (MDP) in which the SU aims at minimizing its average cost (including both energy consumption and delay cost) to finish a target traffic payload through an appropriate rate allocation. Based on Certainty Equivalent Control, we propose a low-complexity rate-adaptation policy that achieves comparable performance as the optimal policy. With the low-complexity policy, we quantify the impact of energy-overheads (including the power consumption for spectrum sensing and compulsory idling) on the SU transmission strategy. Specifically, the SU...

Wu, Yuan; Tsang, Danny H K; Qian, Liping

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-08): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/23/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23, 2001 23, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS DOE/EIS-0285/SA-08 Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Clearing C-trees along the south side of the right-of-way. Location: Raver - Covington Line 1, between towers 6/5 and 7/2. Work will be performed in the State of Washington. Proposed by: BPA Snohomish Region. Analysis: This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). Planning Steps 1. Identify facility and the vegetation management need. The project involves controlling all tall growing trees (C-Trees) within the right-of-way. All

389

DOE/EIS-0285; Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (May 2000)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purpose, Need and Issues Purpose, Need and Issues S-1 Summary In this summary: ΠPurpose, Need, and Issues ΠMethods and Their Impacts ΠPlanning Steps ΠProgram Alternatives and Their Impacts Purpose, Need and Issues Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is responsible for maintaining a network of 15,000 miles of electric transmission lines and 350 substations. This electric transmission system operates in seven states of the Pacific Northwest. (See Figure S-1.) Those states offer a great diversity of vegetation (from trees to brush to grasses), which can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and neighboring members of the public, or interfere with our ability to maintain our system. We need to keep vegetation a safe distance away from our electric power facilities and control

390

Scoping Study for Identifying the Need for New Tools for the Planning of Transmission and Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This scoping study was performed for the Intelligrid program and presents a qualitative analysis of the industry with respect to transmission and distribution planning. The aim of the Intelligrid program is to create the technical foundation for a smart power grid that links electricity with communications and computer control to achieve tremendous gains in reliability, capacity, and customer services. This study assesses the capabilities of tools currently used towards this system enhancement, identifie...

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

Transmission Pricing of Distributed Multilateral Energy Transactions to Ensure System Security and Guide Economic Dispatch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] Alvarado, F and R. Rajamaran Inefficienceis of NERC’s Transmission Loading Relief Procedures Electricity Journal, v. 11 no. 8, Oct. 1998. [2] Hogan, W. Getting the Prices Right in PJM; What the Data Teaches Us Electricity Journal, v.11 no. 7, Aug. 1998. [3...

Ilic, Marija; Hsieh, Eric; Remanan, Prasad

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

392

Interdependencies of Electricity Markets with Gas Markets A Case Study of Transmission System Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

amount of LNG imported will depend crucially on the development of the natural gas reserves in the region distribution companies, transmission companies, liquefied natural gas importers, and associate member companies and the Natural Gas markets and the conditions and influences on both markets. Load-growth influences the need

Rudnick, Hugh

393

Study on Matching Strategies and Simulation of Hydro-mechanical Continuously Variable Transmission System of Tractor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the engine output torque model and fuel consumption model are established based on engine test results. The engine rotary speed feature denotes the relationship between the engine rotary speed and the throttle opening when engine works ... Keywords: Tractor, Hydro-mechanical continuously variable transmission, Matching strategies, Simulation

Xu Liyou; Zhou Zhili; Cao Qingmei; Zhang Mingzhu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

California's electricity system of the future scenario analysis in support of public-interest transmission system R&D planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

role for industry-led R&D activities. Note that thisAnalysis for PIER Transmission R&D Planning The highestfor public-interest R&D – i.e. , those that emerge as

Eto, Joseph; Stovall, John P.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Coke County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coke County, Texas: Energy Resources Coke County, Texas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 31.8277663°, -100.5296115° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.8277663,"lon":-100.5296115,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

396

Coke oven gas desulphurization by the Carl Still process  

SciTech Connect

The Steubenville East Coke Plant need a desulfurization process that would desulfurize an eventual 95 million standard cubic feet per day of coke oven gas from an inlet of 450 gr/DSCF to an outlet of 45 gr/DSCF of hydrogen sulfide. The Dravo/Still plant process was selected, due to the use of ammonia which was available in the gas, as the absorbing agent. It was also a proven process. Dravo/Still also was capable of building a sulfuric acid plant. The desulfurization efficiency of the plant has consistently provided an average final gas sulfur loading below the guaranteed 45 gr/DSCF. This removal efficiency has enabled production of an average of 4615 tons per day of 66/sup 0/Be acid. Also SO/sub 2/ to SO/sub 3/ conversion has averaged 98%. 3 figures. (DP)

Knight, R.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel from a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products, removing at least some coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. The process provides a useful method of mass producing these products from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands. 1 fig.

Shang, Jer Yu.

1989-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

398

Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel m a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products removing at least one coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. the process provides a useful method of mass producing and jet fuels from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands.

Shang, Jer Y. (McLean, VA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Development of Load Tap Changer Monitoring Technique: Mechanism of Coking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Load tap changers (LTCs) play a major role in the reliable delivery of electric power. They are the single biggest contributors to transformer outages. To improve reliability and extend their service interval, utilities are adopting proactive maintenance practices using monitoring devices and seeking new diagnostic techniques. As part of an ongoing EPRI project, EPRI and cosponsor Consolidated Edison Co. of New York, Inc. engaged in a study of contact coking, one of the biggest problems in LTCs. This EPR...

2001-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

400

New environmental concepts in the chemical and coke industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We know that environmentally pure technologies do not exist. Coke production is no exception to the rule. The article considers the logic of environmental decision making. Attention focuses on a new bank of ecologically appropriate materials whose release to the biosphere must be considered solely in quantititative terms. Qualitativily all these materials are familiar; they are assimilated by populations of microorganisms and tar thus compatible with the biosphere.

A.Yu. Naletov; V.A. Naletov [Mendeleev Russian Chemical-Engineering University (Russian Federation)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Transmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Transmission Jump to: navigation, search Transmission header.png Transmission Dashboard Permitting Atlas Compare States Arizona California Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Resource Library NEPA Database Transmission Lattice.jpg High-voltage transmission lines form the backbone of electricity systems. Transmission lines are designed to carry large amounts of electricity at high voltages, typically 115 to 500 kilovolts (kV), across long distances. Networks of transmission lines transfer electricity from power plants or other interconnections to substations. At substations, the high-voltage

402

Definition: Transmission Constraint | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that may be reached during normal or contingency system operations.1 Related Terms transmission lines, system, contingency, transmission line, element References ...

403

Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 240.59 241.38 218.40 240.85 225.80 6.7 Canada* 147.49 330.47 243.04 183.08 286.56 -36.1 Mexico 316.57 211.63 189.12 273.97 171.71 59.6 Other** 612.42 485.63 134.48 525.92 135.04 289.5 South America Total 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Other** 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Europe Total 259.26 255.24 - 257.06 427.83 -39.9 Other**

404

Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 263.21 252.66 353.05 261.29 356.01 -26.6 Canada 263.51 252.66 353.05 258.82 356.01 -27.3 Panama 263.09 - - 263.09 - - South America Total 196.86 194.14 175.88 195.94 181.01 8.2 Brazil - - 157.60 - 157.60 - Colombia 196.86 194.14 322.06 195.94 246.68 -20.6 Europe Total 181.55 232.13 385.65 225.53 384.96 -41.4 Czech Republic - 475.91 - 475.91 - - Spain 360.51

405

Ensuring Social Sustainability: Can Bhutan's Education System Ensure Intergenerational Transmission of Values?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

become materialistic and think that material acquisition can increase happiness just as the couple in the TV advertisement seem to be filled with happiness with the purchase of a new gas stove. The insatiable appetite for material acquisition in turn... the frequency of Dzongkha usage. In addition, the acceptance of English for official correspondence in the bureaucracy and businesses also displace the need for Dzongkha. Transmission of Values 125 One of the other factors contributing to a relatively week...

Wangyal, Tashi

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Manaement Program FEIS 6/19/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Government Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration DATE: June 19, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15) Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation management on selected sections of ROWs in the Ross-St. John and Ross-Carborundum transmission line ROWs. The ROWs include sections of the Ross-St. John 230Kv line; the Ross-Rivergate 230Kv line; the Ross-Alcoa 115Kv line; the Ross-Carborundum 115Kv line and the Clark PUD 115Kv line. Location: The ROWs span sections of Vancouver Washington and Portland Oregon and are all

407

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-07): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/18/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18, 2001 18, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-07) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management on section of three ROWs. The ROWs include selected sections of the McNary Powerhouse, the present and proposed new sections of the McNary-Roundup and the McNary Switchyard South Transmission lines. Location: All ROW are located east Umatilla, OR., all being in the Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of- ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject

408

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-25)(9/5/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2001 5, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/Z992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-25) Elizabeth Johnson - TFR/The Dalles Jim Jellison - TFO/Olympia Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along selected ROW sections of the Ostrander-Pearl transmission line. The ROWs include sections of the Ostrander-Pearl 500 kV line; the Ostrander-McLoughlin 500 kV line; the Big Eddy-Chemawa 230 kV line and the Big Eddy- McLoughlin 230 kV line. Location: The ROW is located in Clackamas County, Oregon, within the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights- of-way and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the

409

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-04): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 3/27/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 27, 2001 March 27, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-04) Elizabeth Johnson - TFR/The Dalles Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management on Ponderosa - Pilot Butte 18/2 to 18/4 Relocation Location: The project area is in the City of Bend, OR, in Deschutes County. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation from a section of BPA's Ponderosa - Pilot Butte Transmission Line Right-of-way to facilitate relocation of structure 18/3. Work would begin in mid-March and end in April, 2001. Analysis: 1. Description of right-of-way and vegetation management needed: The project involves

410

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-52): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (03/22/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2002 22, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-52) Elizabeth Johnson - TFR/The Dalles Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management on the Ashe-Marion #2 (138/1-150/2), Buckley- Marion (12/1-24/2), McNary-Santiam (109/1-119/3), and John Day-Marion (49/4-50/5) Transmission Line Corridors. Location: The project area lies between Maupin and Pine Grove Oregon, and is in the Redmond Region. The project area begins at on the Ashe-Marion at structure 138/1 and terminates at Wapinitia Road, Pine Grove. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration. Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation from the

411

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-123): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 2/20/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20, 2003 20, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-123 Malin-Hilltop Elizabeth Johnson - TFR/The Dalles Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management on Malin-Hilltop (Structures 20/5-29/1). Location: The project area lies to the southeast of Klamath Falls, OR, and is located in Modoc County, California. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administrationn (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: Trees are located under and adjacent to conductors. Should a fire occur, these trees are a hazard to the line and could cause serious damage to the conductors, resulting in significant problems for the transmission grid. BPA plans on

412

Transmission Planning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

that will improve advanced system monitoring, visualization, control, operations, and market structure will ultimately modernize the electricity transmission infrastructure to...

413

Automated manual transmission controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Reed, Jr., Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Bernier, David R. (Rochester Hills, MI)

1999-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

414

Integration of stripping of fines slurry in a coking and gasification process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an integrated fluid coking and gasification process wherein a stream of fluidized solids is passed from a fluidized bed coking zone to a second fluidized bed and wherein entrained solid fines are recovered by a wet scrubbing process and wherein the resulting solids-liquid slurry is stripped to remove acidic gases, the stripped vapors of the stripping zone are sent to the gas cleanup stage of the gasification product gas. The improved stripping integration is particularly useful in the combination coal liquefaction process, fluid coking of bottoms of the coal liquefaction zone and gasification of the product coke.

DeGeorge, Charles W. (Chester, NJ)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The Vertical Ball Mill for the Grinding of Calcined Petroleum Coke to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new vertical ball ring mill concept has been developed based on the results of research on the grinding of calcined petroleum coke. Industrial vertical mills are ...

416

Investigating factors that influence carbon dissolution from Coke into Molten iron.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The need for more efficient blast furnaces is even greater now that there are stricter environmental regulations on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Coke within the… (more)

Cham, S. Tsuey

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Development Of Reclamation Substrates For Alberta Oil Sands Using Mature Fine Tailings And Coke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mature fine tailings and coke are waste products of the oil sands industry with potential for reclamation. A greenhouse study assessed whether substrates of various… (more)

Luna-Wolter, Gabriela L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Preparation of Activated Carbon from Oil Sands Coke by Chemical and Physical Activation Techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Oil sands coke is a by-product resulting from the upgrading of heavy crude bitumen to light synthetic oil. This research investigates the preparation of activated… (more)

Morshed, Golam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Simulation of Combustion and Thermal-flow Inside a Petroleum Coke Rotary Calcining Kiln.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Calcined coke is the best material for making carbon anodes for smelting of alumina to aluminum. Calcining is an energy intensive industry and a significant… (more)

Zhang, Zexuan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Lignin as Both Fuel and Fusing Binder in Briquetted Anthracite Fines for Foundry Coke Substitute.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lignin that had been extracted from Kraft black liquor was investigated as a fusing binder in briquetted anthracite fines for a foundry coke substitute. Cupola… (more)

Lumadue, Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Coke yield and transport processes in agglomerates of bitumen and solids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Agglomerate formation is a common phenomenon that can cause operating problems in the fluid coking reactor. When agglomerates form they provide longer diffusion paths of… (more)

Ali, Mohamed Ali Hassan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The Effect of Coke Particle Size on Thermal Profile of Sintering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baking process and sinter production was performed for different ranges of coke particle size while other parameter like, iron ore, lime and sintering mixture ...

423

MOLECULAR COMPOSITION OF NEEDLE COKE FEEDSTOCKS AND MESOPHASE DEVELOPMENT DURING CARBONIZATION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the molecular composition of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) decant oil and its derivatives that are used as feedstocks for delayed coking to… (more)

Wang, Guohua

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

U.S. Exports to Belarus of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Belarus of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2004: 17

425

Effect of Blending HDPE with Coke on the Reduction Behavior of a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This has led to the exploration of the possibility of using polymer/coke blends in the production of ferro-alloys, particularly High Carbon Ferromanganese (HC ...

426

Co-gasification of biomass with coal and oil sands coke in a drop tube furnace.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chars were obtained from individual fuels and blends with different blend ratios of coal, coke and biomass in Drop Tube Furnace at different temperatures. Based… (more)

Gao, Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The effect of diabietic acid on the coking of oxidised solvent-extracted coal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Refcoal is a refined carbon source obtained by extraction of coal with dimethylformamide (DMF). During the coking process, Refcoal goes through a mesophase (fluid) stage… (more)

Ludere, Margaret Tshimangadzo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Pyrolysis behavior of coal and petroleum coke at high temperature and high pressure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??While pyrolysis of coal is a well-studied thermal process, little is known about pressurized pyrolysis of coal and petroleum coke. This study aims to interpret… (more)

Wagner, David Ray

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Detecting internal corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines: field tests of probes and systems for real-time corrosion measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field study was conducted to evaluate the use of automated, multi-technique electrochemical corrosion-rate monitoring devices and probes for detecting corrosion in environments similar to those found in natural gas transmission pipelines. It involved measurement of real-time corrosion signals from operating pipelines. Results and interpretation were reported from four different field test locations. Standard flush-mount and custom flange probes were used in four different environments at a gas-gathering site and one environment but two different probe orientations at a natural gas site. These sites were selected to represent normal and upset conditions common in gas transmission pipelines. The environments consisted of two different levels of humidified natural gas, liquid hydrocarbon, and water from natural gas. Probe locations included the 6 and 12 o?clock positions of a natural gas pipeline carrying 2-phase gas/liquid flow. The probe data was monitored using completely remote solar powered systems that provided real-time data transmission via wireless back to a pipeline control station. Data are also presented comparing the ECR probe data to that for coupons used to determine corrosion rate and to detect the presence of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC).

Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Bullard, Sophie J.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Kane, R.D. (InterCorr International); Meidinger, B. (Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A lossy transmission line as a quantum open system in the standard quantum limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We systematically investigate how to quantize a transmission line resonator (TLR) in a mesoscopic electrical circuits in the presence of the resistance and the conductance of the dielectric media. Developed from the quantum bath based effective Hamiltonian method for single mode harmonic oscillator, the approach we presented in this article is a microscopic theory integrating quantum fluctuation-dissipation relation. To qualitatively check the condition under which the TLR can behave as a quantum object we study the classical-quantum boundary characterized by the standard quantum limit.

Y. D. Wang; C. P. Sun

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

431

NREL: Energy Analysis: Transmission Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission Infrastructure Transmission Infrastructure Grid expansion and planning to allow large scale deployment of renewable generation Large scale deployment of renewable electricity generation will require additional transmission to connect renewable resources, which are wide-spread across the US, but regionally-constrained, to load centers. Long-term transmission planning, based on potential future growth in electric loads and generation resource expansion options, is critical to maintaining the necessary flexibility required for a reliable and robust transmission system. NREL's analyses support transmission infrastructure planning and expansion to enable large-scale deployment of renewable energy in the future. NREL's transmission infrastructure expansion and planning analyses show

432

Overhead electric power transmission line jumpering system for bundles of five or more subconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Jumpering of electric power transmission lines at a dead end tower. Two transmission line conductor bundles each contain five or more spaced apart subconductors (5) arranged in the shape of a cylinder having a circular cross section. The ends of each bundle of subconductors are attached with insulators to a dead end tower (1). Jumpering allows the electric current to flow between the two bundles of subconductors using jumper buses, internal jumper conductors, and external jumper conductors. One or more current collecting jumper buses (37) are located inside each bundle of subconductors with each jumper bus being attached to the end of a subconductor. Small-diameter internal jumper conductors (33) are located in the inherently electrically shielded area inside each bundle of subconductors with each subconductor (except ones having an attached jumper bus) having one internal jumper conductor connected between that subconductor's end and a jumper bus. Large-diameter external jumper conductors (9) are located outside each bundle of subconductors with one or more external jumper conductors being connected between the jumper buses in one bundle of subconductors and the jumper buses in the other bundle.

Winkelman, Paul F. (Beaverton, OR)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

MAP 5.50: PJM Service Area in Virginia PJM operates the electric transmission system in Virginia served by Allegheny Power (AP), American  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(DOM), as shown on MAP 5.50. The transmission system in Virginia delivers power to customers from native generation resources and power transfers across tie-line facilities with the rest of the PJM and other adjoining systems to the west and south. Critical RTEP Issues in Virginia PJM continues to address a number of issues with a bearing on reliability in Virginia and the regional transmission expansion plans required to maintain it: A new 502 Junction-Mt. Storm-Meadowbrook-Loudoun 500kV transmission line is needed to avoid reliability criteria violations in 2011 and maintain power transfers to serve northern

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Developing indicators for the assessment and proper management of the different levels of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)s generally associated with coke-oven workers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coke ovens may occur in the aluminium, steel, graphite, electrical, and construction industries. In the work area coke-oven workers may be exposed to various chemical… (more)

Wang, Tianyuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

CHARACTERIZATION OF COAL- AND PETROLEUM-DERIVED BINDER PITCHES AND THE INTERACTION OF PITCH/COKE MIXTURES IN PRE-BAKED CARBON ANODES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon anodes are manufactured from calcined petroleum coke (i.e. sponge coke) and recycled anode butts as fillers, and coal tar pitch (SCTP) as the binder.… (more)

Suriyapraphadilok, Uthaiporn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

DOE/EIS-0285; Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (May 2000)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement - Appendices Statement - Appendices DOE/EIS-0285 Arrow-leaf Balsamroot Cooperating Agencies Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0285 APPENDICES May 2000 Table of Contents Appendix A - Public Involvement: Publications Appendix B - Biological Weed Control Agents Appendix C - Bonneville Pesticide Applicator Certification Plan Appendix D - Sample Educational Information Appendix E - Clearance Criteria Appendix F - FS Mitigation Measures and Background Appendix G - BLM Mitigation Measures and Background Appendix H - Herbicide Fact Sheets 2,4-D Azafenidin Bromacil Chlorsulfuron Clopyralid Dicamba Dichlobenil Diuron Fosamine Ammonium Glyphosate Halosulfuron-methyl Hexazinone Imazapyr Isoxaben Mefluidide Metsulfuron-methyl

437

Studying Fischer-Tropsch catalysts using transmission electron microscopy and model systems of nanoparticles on planar supports.  

SciTech Connect

Nanoparticle model systems on planar supports form a versatile platform for studying morphological and compositional changes of catalysts due to exposure to realistic reaction conditions. We review examples from our work on iron and cobalt catalysts, which can undergo significant rearrangement in the reactive environment of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The use of specially designed, silicon based supports with thin film SiO{sub 2} enables the application of transmission electron microscopy, which has furnished important insight into e.g. the mechanisms of catalyst regeneration.

Thune, P. C.; Weststrate, C. J.; Moodley, P.; Saib, A. M.; van de Loosdrecht, J.; Miller, J. T.; Niemantsverdriet, J. W. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); (Eindhoven Univ. of Technology); (Sasol Technology)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The effects of petroleum coke amendments on macrophytes and aquatic invertebrates in northern Alberta, Canada constructed wetlands.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Oil-sands operators of Fort McMurray, Alberta produce six million t/y of petroleum coke. The use of coke to stabilize clay-dominated mine tailings in constructed wetlands… (more)

Baker, Leanne F.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

DOE/EIS-0285/SA-134: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (Bandon-Rogue-GoldBeach)(3/24/03)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2003 4, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-134-Bandon-Rogue-GoldBeach) Ben Tilley Natural Resource Specialist - TFE/Alvey Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the Bandon-Rogue-Gold Beach transmission line corridor. This corridor includes the Bandon-Rogue #1 115 kV transmission line from Bandon Substation to Rogue Substation and the Rogue-Gold Beach #1 and #2 115kV transmission lines, starting at Rogue Substation and ending at Gold Beach Substation. In addition the project includes adjacent portions of the Fairview-Rogue #1 230 kV Transmission Line. Location: The project is located in the BPA Eugene Region, Coos and Curry Counties, Oregon.

440

Integrated Control of Active and Reactive Power Flow Controllers to Optimize Transmission System Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimized power system control requires oversight of numerous control elements to efficiently and reliably transfer power across the system. The objective of this project was to minimize losses in the Consolidated Edison Electric power system via modification of control variables available to the system operator. These variables include generator voltages, transformer voltage/phase angle tap set points, and switched shunt status. System constraints include bus voltages, branch/interface flow limits, ...

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "transmission system coke" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Transmission Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning Transmission Planning We accept requests from electric utilities, firm-power customers, private power developers, and independent power generators to interconnect...

442

Takahax-Hirohax process for coke oven gas desulfurization  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Takahax-Hirohax process to desulfurize coke oven gas and to produce an ammonium sulfate end product. A review is also made of current operating experience and recent technical developments. The Takahax-Hirohax process is extremely useful when the COG contains a suitable ammonia to sulfur ratio and when ammonium sulfate is a desirable end product. No contaminated effluent streams are emitted from the process. The process is simple, reliable, flexible, and responds easily to COG variations. 4 figures, 3 tables. (DP)

Gastwirth, H.; Miner, R.; Stengle, W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Study on Further Treatment of Coal Coking Wastewater by Ultrasound Wave, Fenton's Reagent and Coagulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study on further treatment of coal coking wastewater by ultrasound wave, Fenton's reagent and coagulation was carried out in this paper at the first time, Furthermore, this paper discussed the optimum cooperative reaction condition of their combined ... Keywords: ultrasound wave, coke plant wastewater, Fenton reagent, coagulation

Jun Shi; Liangbo Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Organic Sulphur Transfers in Coke Oven Gas via Noncatalytic Partial Oxidation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The organic sulfur transformation was studied during coke oven gas to produce syngas via noncatalytic partial oxidation. The concentration of CS2 and thiophene was examined in syngas by sulfide detector. For comparison, the sulfur transfer was also studied ... Keywords: Organic sulfur transfer, Coke oven gas, CS2, thiophene

Guojie Zhang; Yongfa Zhang; Xianglan Li; Hongcheng Cao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Analytical input-output and supply chain study of China's coke and steel sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I design an input-output model to investigate the energy supply chain of coal-coke-steel in China. To study the demand, supply, and energy-intensity issues for coal and coke from a macroeconomic perspective, I apply the ...

Li, Yu, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Influence of coal on coke properties and blast-furnace operation  

SciTech Connect

With unstable coal supplies and properties and a fluctuating content of coking coal in the batch at OAO Zapadno-Sibirskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat (ZSMK) and of bituminous coal at Kuznetskaya enrichment facility, it is important to optimize the rank composition of the batch for coke production.

G.R. Gainieva; L.D. Nikitin [OAO Zapadno-Sibirskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat (Russian Federation)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Analytical input-output and supply chain study of China's coke and steel sectors; Analytical I/O and supply chain study of China's coke and steel sectors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I design an input-output model to investigate the energy supply chain of coal-coke-steel in China. To study the demand, supply, and energy-intensity issues for coal… (more)

Li, Yu, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

FOR ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A contract network extends the concept of a contract path to address the problem of loop flow and congestion in electric power transmission systems. A contract network option provides a well defined, internally consistent framework for assigning long-term capacity rights to a complicated electric transmission network. The contract network respects the special conditions induced by Kirchoff's Laws; accommodates thermal, voltage and contingency constraints on transmission capacity; and can be adopted without disturbing existing methods for achieving an economic power dispatch subject to these constraints. By design, a contract network would maintain short-run efficiency through optimal spot price determination of transmission prices. Through payment of congestion rentals, the contract network makes a long-term capacityright holder indifferent between delivery of the power or receipt of payments in a settlement system. And the contract network framework can support allocation of transmission capacity rights through a competitive bidding process. CONTRACT NETWORKS

William W. Hogan; William W. Hogan

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-14): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 6/6/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4) 4) Bill Erickson - TFP/ Walla Walla Region Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management at the Teakean Butte Microwave site. Location: Clearwater County, ID, Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to remove 28 danger trees and dense brush from the microwave site in order to provide a 75 -80 foot safety buffer for fire control and Microwave Beam path. The work will protect BPA's investment at the site and provide system reliability. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. Analysis: This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision

450

A Review of the . . . : The Possible Roles of TSOs in Monitoring for Market Power Issues in Congested Transmission Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper surveys the literature and publicly available information on market power monitoring in electricity wholesale markets. After briefly reviewing definitions, strategies and methods of mitigating market power we examine the various methods of detecting market power that have been employed by academics and market monitors/regulators. These techniques include structural and behavioural indices and analysis as well as various simulation approaches. The applications of these tools range from spot market mitigation and congestion management through to long-term market design assessment and merger decisions. Various market-power monitoring units already track market behaviour and produce indices. Our survey shows that these units collect a large amount of data from various market participants and we identify the crucial role of the transmission system operators with their access to dispatch and system information. Easily accessible and comprehensive data supports effective market power monitoring and facilitates market design evaluation. The discretion required for effective market monitoring is facilitated by institutional independence.

Paul Twomey; Richard Green; Karsten Neuhoff; David Newbery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Development of Path 15 Software: Managing Power Transfer Constraints on a Major Transmission Interface: Path 15 of the California Transmission System with EPRI's DTCR Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a previous research project, a dynamic thermal software model was developed and tested for the California Path 15 power transmission interface. A summary of that work is included in this report. The dynamic thermal model used real-time data from tension monitors on the critical Gates Panoche 230-kV lines. It also used continual updates of an automatic load and generation reduction scheme to calculate the post-contingency Path 15 power flow resulting from the loss of two 500-kV lines (double line outag...

2003-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

452

SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission Grid Integration to Transmission Grid Integration to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Transmission Grid Integration on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Systems Integration Research, Development, & Demonstration Distribution Grid Integration Transmission Grid Integration Solar Resource Assessment Technology Validation Power Electronics & Balance of System Hardware Technologies Competitive Awards

453

California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research/Energy System Integration -- Transmission-Planning Research & Development Scoping Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

availability and demand needs are incorporated into models to quantify the benefits of new transmission.Availability and use of a common database (consisting of other expected new generation and transmission

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard; Widergren, Steven

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Desulphurization of coke oven gas by the Stretford Process  

SciTech Connect

The Stretford process is probably the most effective means available for removing hydrogen sulphide from gas streams. For streams which do not contain hydrogen cyanide or excessive oxygen it should be nearly ideal. However, the large volume of waste liquor generated by fixation of hydrogen cyanide has prevented its widespread adoption for coke oven gas treatment. Investigations of various proposals for treating the waste liquor indicate that the only practicable way of dealing with it is by reductive incineration. Although attempts to apply the Peabody-Holmes reductive incineration process have been disappointing, significant progress in overcoming some of its deficiencies has been made. The Zimpro wet oxidation process will provide a convenient method of treating the HCN scrubber effluent at No. 1 Plant. However, it will not treat the sodium based liquor from the Stretford plant. Its application to Stretford waste treatment is limited to situations where ammonium liquors and ammonium sulphate recovery facilities are available. Commissioning of this plant has been delayed while a defect in the air compressor supplied for the plant is being remedied. When the problem of liquid effluent disposal has been overcome, and if reagent chemicals continue to be available at reasonable prices, the Stretford process will be a good choice for coke oven gas desulphurization. 8 figures.

Plenderleith, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Design and analysis of transmission-level power system stability control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??After the August 14, 2003 blackout, power system stability probelm has received a great deal of attention. This project is focused on the analysis of… (more)

Phan, Tu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

1394 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 22, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2007 Economic Criteria for Planning Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Planning Transmission Investment in Restructured Electricity Markets Enzo E. Sauma, Member, IEEE. In reality, however, since the impacts of an electricity transmission project on different players may vary that should be considered when planning electricity transmission investments. We propose an electricity

Oren, Shmuel S.

457

Laboratory Evaluation of an Electrochemical Noise System for Detection of Localized and General Corrosion of Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines  

SciTech Connect

Gas transmission pipelines are susceptible to both internal (gas side) and external (soil side) corrosion attack. Internal corrosion is caused by the presence of salt laden moisture, CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}S, and perhaps O{sub 2} in the natural gas. Internal corrosion usually manifests itself as general corrosion. However, the presence of chlorides in entrained water also can lead to pitting corrosion damage. The electrochemical noise technique can differentiate general from localized corrosion and provide estimates of corrosion rates without external perturbation of the corroding system. It is increasingly being applied to field and industrial installations for in situ corrosion monitoring. It has been used here to determine its suitability for monitoring internal and external corrosion damage on gas transmission pipelines. Corrosion measurements were made in three types of environments: (1) aqueous solutions typical of those found within gas pipelines in equilibrium with th e corrosive components of natural gas; (2) biologically-active soils typical of wetlands; and (3) a simulated, unpressurized, internal gas/liquid gas pipeline environment. Multiple sensor designs were evaluated in the simulated pipe environment. Gravimetric measurements were conducted in parallel with the electrochemical noise measurements to validate the results.

Bullard, S.J.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Russell, J.H.; Holcomb, G.R.; Cramer, S.D.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Eden, D.

2003-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

458

Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program - Final Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations in a region of diverse vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to (1) keep vegetation away from our electric facilities; (2) increase our program efficiency and consistency; (3) review herbicide use (under increased public scrutiny); and (4) maximize the range of tools we can use while minimizing environmental impact (Integrated Vegetation Management). This Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) establishes Planning Steps for managing vegetation for specific projects (to be tiered to this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)). In addition to No Action (current practice), alternatives are presented for Rights-of-way, Electric Yards, and Non-electric Facilities (landscaping, work yards). Four vegetation control methods are analyzed manual, mechanical, herbicide, and biological. Also evaluated are 23 herbicide active ingredients and 4 herbicide application techniques (spot, localized, broadcast, and aerial). For rights-of-way, we consider three sets of alternatives: alternative management approaches (time-driven or establishing low-growing plant communities); alternative method packages; and, if herbicides are in a methods package, alternative vegetation selections (noxious weeds, deciduous, or any vegetation). For electric yards, one herbicide-use alternative is considered. For non-electric facilities, two method package alternatives are considered. For rights-of-way, the environmentally preferred alternative(s) would use manual, mechanical, and biological control methods, as well as spot and localized herbicide applications for noxious and deciduous plant species; the BPA-preferred alternative(s) would add broadcast and aerial herbicide applications, and would use herbicides on any vegetation. Both would favor a management approach that fosters low-growing plant communities.

N /A

2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

459

Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bonneville is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations in a region of diverse vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to (1) keep vegetation away from the electric facilities; (2) increase the program efficiency and consistency; (3) review herbicide use (under increased public scrutiny); and (4) maximize the range of tools we can use while minimizing environmental impact (Integrated Vegetation Management). This DEIS establishes Planning Steps for managing vegetation for specific projects (to be tiered to this EIS). In addition to No Action (current practice), alternatives are presented for Rights-of-way, Electric Yards, and Non-electric Facilities (landscaping, work yards). Four vegetation control methods are analyzed: manual, mechanical, herbicide, and biological. Also evaluated are 24 herbicide active ingredients and 4 herbicide application techniques (spot, localized, broadcast, and aerial). For rights-of-way, they consider three sets of alternatives: alternative management approaches (time-driven or establishing low-growing plant communities); alternative method packages; and, if herbicides are in a methods package, alternative vegetation selections (noxious weeds, deciduous, or any vegetation). For electric yards, one herbicide-use alternative is considered. For non-electric facilities, two method package alternatives are considered. For rights-of-way, the environmentally preferred alternative(s) would use manual, mechanical, and biological control methods, as well as spot and localized herbicide applications for noxious and deciduous plant species; the BPA-preferred alternative(s) would add broadcast and aerial herbicide applications, and would use herbicides on any vegetation. Both would factor a management approach that fosters low-growing plant communities.

N /A

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

460

Abstract--This paper investigates new applications in transmission system operation, protection and maintenance and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSerc). Project No: T-39. Y. Dong and M. Kezunovic are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843- 3128, USA affect system reliability; and 3) monitoring technologies presently exist within substations. Three steps

Kezunovic, Mladen

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461

Development of control system for automatic mechanical transmission of battery electric bus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the advantages of high efficiency, zero emission and good drivability, the battery electric vehicles (BEVs) promise to be one of the best choices to replace the oil fueled vehicle. In this paper a solution for the development of a control system ... Keywords: AMT, battery electric vehicle, control system, layered architecture, modular design

Hong-bo Liu; Yu-long Lei; Yu Zhang; Xiao-lin Zhang; You-de Li

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

TVA Tracks Bulk Power Transfers with TagNet to Improve Transmission System Reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bubble diagram is especially useful. In the world of real-time operations, a picture is worth a thousand words. TagNet provides TVA with The ability to identify root causes for real-time system behavior Data for future reliability models for approximation of transfer biases A mechanism to monitor system conditions using a graphical toolset. 8212Armando Rodriguez, TVA.

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Condition Assessment Techniques for Laminar Dielectric Transmission Cable Systems--2012 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As aging and higher circuit loadings lead to increased failures of pipe-type cable systems, utilities need effective techniques for assessing the key components of these systems. Many off-line and on-line diagnostic and assessment techniques are in use to inspect the condition of laminar dielectric cable systems. Because of the high labor costs and required circuit outage of off-line testing, current research and development also focuses on methods of on-line monitoring.A number of ...

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

464

DOE Transmission Capacity Report | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Capacity Report Transmission Capacity Report DOE Transmission Capacity Report DOE Transmission Capacity Report: Transmission lines, substations, circuit breakers, capacitors, and other equipment provide more than just a highway to deliver energy and power from generating units to distribution systems. Transmission systems both complement and substitute for generation. Transmission generally enhances reliability; lowers the cost of electricity delivered to consumers; limits the ability of generators to exercise market power; and provides flexibility to protect against uncertainties about future fuel prices, load growth, generator construction, and other factors affecting the electric system. DOE Transmission Capacity Report More Documents & Publications Report to Congress:Impacts of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's

465

DC powerline communication system using a transmission line transformer for high degree of freedom applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new type of powerline communication is developed to reduce cable requirements for robotic, electromechanical, and vehicular systems. A DC power bus line connecting a DC power supply to motor drives and sensor units is ...

Wade, Eric R. (Eric Randolph), 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Transmission Workshop | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Grid Tech Team » Activities/Outreach » GTT DOE Grid Tech Team » Activities/Outreach » GTT Activities » Transmission Workshop Transmission Workshop Transmission Workshop GTT Transmission Workshop - November 1-2, 2012 On November 1-2, 2012, the GTT presented a workshop on grid integration on the transmission system at the DoubleTree Crystal City near Washington, DC. A draft of the DOE Action Plan Addressing the Electricity Transmission System was discussed during the workshop, which addressed the challenges and opportunities presented by the integration of 21st century energy technologies into the electricity transmission system. Parallel sessions addressed the challenges and opportunities of modernizing the grid and drilled down into key technology areas associated with each of these: System visibility: what advances are needed to "see" the state of

467

Annual book of ASTM Standards 2008. Section Five. Petroleum products, lubricants, and fossil fuels. Volume 05.06. Gaseous fuels; coal and coke  

SciTech Connect

The first part covers standards for gaseous fuels. The second part covers standards on coal and coke including the classification of coals, determination of major elements in coal ash and trace elements in coal, metallurgical properties of coal and coke, methods of analysis of coal and coke, petrogrpahic analysis of coal and coke, physical characteristics of coal, quality assurance and sampling.

NONE

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-56): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/9/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09, 2002 09, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-56) 2ULRQ $OEUR 2O\PSLD 5HJLRQDO 0DQDJHU Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the following electric yards located in the Ross District: Cape Horn North Bonneville Stevenson Carson Underwood Troutdale Cascade Locks Acton Ross 345kV and J.D. Alcoa Sifton St. Johns Ostrander McLoughlin Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to maintain a weed-free environment in the electrical substations located within the Olympia Region's Ross District. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical

469

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-58) 5/31/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31, 2002 31, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-58) Bill Erickson - TPF/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management at the Lines Creek Microwave site. The proposed work will be accomplished within the fenced area of the facility. Location: The Lines Creek Microwave site is located at SWSW Section 33 T44N R2E within Shoshone County, Idaho, Walla Walla Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes bare ground vegetation management at the microwave site. Bare ground management is needed to prevent fire damage and maintain a vegetation free environment on the site.

470

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-64): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/26/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2002 6, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-64) Truman Conn - TFP Regional Manager, Walla Walla Region Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for Substations and Non-Electric Facilities in the Walla Walla Region (See Attachment A for a complete list of facilities) Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical substations and associated facilities. Vegetation management within the substation shall include the bare ground management of all graveled areas. These areas shall primarily be maintained with the use of herbicides. The management of vegetation outside the substation and associated facilities

471

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-06): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 4/13/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4/13/01 4/13/01 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-06) Bill Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management of annual weeds on seven acres of Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) owned pastureland at the Walla Walla Substation. Location: The pastureland is adjacent to the Walla Walla Substation and is located east and north of the fenced substation, all within the BPA property boundary. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration. Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to apply selected herbicides to control annual weeds that are competing with native grasses that were seeded two years ago. Herbicides will also

472

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-81): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 7/9/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 9,2002 July 9,2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-81) Randy Melzer Redmond Deputy Regional Manager - TFR/REDMOND Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for fifteen Substations in The Dalles District. (See list of facilities under planning step 1). Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bare ground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within The Dalles District of the Redmond Region. Analysis: The attached checklist shows the resources that were found during this analysis and what

473

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-74): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 7/1/02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2002 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-74) Randy Melzer Redmond Deputy Regional Manager - TFR/REDMOND Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for five Substations in the Malin District. (See list of facilities under planning step 1). Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bare ground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Malin District of the Redmond Region. Analysis: The attached checklist shows the resources that were found during this analysis and what mitigation measures are required to protect those resources. In addition,

474

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-82): Supplemental Analysis for Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (August 13, 2002)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3,2002 3,2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-82 Jeffrey Hathhorn Redmond Deputy Regional Manager - TFI/IDAHO FALLS Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for twenty-four Substations in the Burley District. See list of facilities under planning step 1). Location: See list of facilities under Planning Step 1. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bare ground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Burley District of the Idaho Falls Region. Analysis: The attached checklist shows the resources that were found during this analysis and what

475

Tests with a line-commutated converter as a variable inductive load on the Bonneville Power Administration transmission system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A twelve-pulse, line-commutated converter, with a steady-state rating of 2.5 kV and 5.5 kA, formerly used for charging and discharging a superconducting magnet, was reconfigured as a static reactive power load. Tests staged at the Tacoma, WA, substation of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) revealed that the converter could be used as a variable inductive load, provided a stable current controller was installed. The unit was modulated as a variable VAR load following a sinusoidal VAR demand signal with an amplitude up to 14.8 MVAR. The total losses at maximum VAR output were 370 kW. This paper explains the necessary modifications of the converter to operate as a variable reactive load. Measured current waveshapes are analyzed. The effects of such a load on the BPA transmission system are presented.

Boenig, H.J.; Hauer, J.F.; Nielsen, R.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-78): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (07/01/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-78) Randy Melzer Redmond Deputy Regional Manager - TFR/REDMOND Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for ten Substations in the Redmond District. (See list of facilities listed under planning step 1). Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bare ground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Redmond District of the Redmond Region. Analysis: The attached checklist shows the resources that were found during this analysis and what mitigation measures are required to protect those resources. In

477

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-27): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 10/22/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 22, 2001 October 22, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-27) Ben Tilley - TFE/Alvey Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Marion-Alvey #1 from structure 14/5 to 64/3 and the Marion-Lane #1 from structure 14/5 to 70/2. Both lines describe the same segment of ROW between structures 14/5 and 45/2. Location: All ROW are located in Marion, Linn, and Lane Counties, OR, all being in the Eugene Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Eugene Region. Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of- ways, around tower structures, and associated access roads that may impede the operation and

478

30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage system for electric utility transmission stabilization  

SciTech Connect

A superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system has been built to damp power oscillations on the Western U.S. Power System, particularly on the Pacific AC Intertie that is used to transmit power from the Northwest to southern California. The 30-MJ superconducting inductor that stores energy for this purpose is contained in a nonconducting dewar and is supported by a helium refrigerator and a gas-handling system mounted on trailers. Energy flows in and out of the inductor at frequencies from 0.1 to 1.0 Hz with power amplitudes up to 11 MW. The principal oscillation to be damped has a characteristic frequency of 0.35 Hz. The superconducting coil maximum current is 5 kA with terminal voltages up to 2.2 kV. The coil interfaces with the Bonneville Power Administration 13.8-kV bus at the Tacoma Substation through a converter and transformers. The system can be operated with the converter either in parallel-bridge mode or for constant VAR control with the bridges in buck-boost mode. The program for the design, fabrication, installation, and the preliminary experimental operation of the system is reviewed.

Rogers, J.D.; Hauer, J.F.; Miller, B.L.; Schermer, R.J.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Laser ultrasonic furnace tube coke monitor. Quarterly technical progress report No. 1, May 1--August 1, 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall aim of the project is to demonstrate the performance and practical use of a laser ultrasonic probe for measuring the thickness of coke deposits located within the high temperature tubes of a thermal cracking furnace. This aim will be met by constructing an optical probe that will be tested using simulated coke deposits that are positioned inside of a bench-scale furnace. Successful development of the optical coke detector will provide industry with the only available method for on-line measurement of coke deposits. The optical coke detector will have numerous uses in the refining and petrochemical sectors including monitoring of visbreakers, hydrotreaters, delayed coking units, vacuum tower heaters, and various other heavy oil heating applications where coke formation is a problem. The coke detector will particularly benefit the olefins industry where high temperature thermal crackers are used to produce ethylene, propylene, butylene and other important olefin intermediates. The ethylene industry requires development of an on-line method for gauging the thickness of coke deposits in cracking furnaces because the current lack of detailed knowledge of coke deposition profiles introduces the single greatest uncertainty in the simulation and control of modern cracking furnaces. The laser ultrasonic coke detector will provide operators with valuable new information allowing them to better optimize the decoking turnaround schedule and therefore maximize production capacity.

NONE

1998-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications  

SciTech Connect

The EMP consists of a Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program and a Supplemental monitoring Sampling Program. The Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program will be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Project and during a summer and a winter period following the successful Startup and Operational phase of the completed Project. compliance monitoring consist of conducting all the sampling and observation programs associated with existing required Federal, State, and Local Regulations, Permits and Orders. These include air, water, and waste monitoring and OSHA and NESHAP monitoring. The Supplemental Monitoring Program will also be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction pha