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1

Geochemistry of reversible hydratable tephra from the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of 27Al was recorded using a Varian 300 MHz spectrometer equipped with a 7 mm rotor...equilibria of pyroxenes at pressures 1 atmosphere. In C.T. Prewitt, Ed., Pyroxenes...nuclear magnetic resonance investigation in plasma-facilitated NOx reduction catalysts...

Liberto De Pablo; Mercedes Doval; Angel La Iglesia

2

Geochemistry of reversible hydratable tephra from the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recorded using a Varian 300 MHz spectrometer equipped with a...probe. Samples were spun at 6 KHz. Signals of 27Al were recorded...of pyroxenes at pressures 1 atmosphere. In C.T. Prewitt, Ed...magnetic resonance investigation in plasma-facilitated NOx reduction...

Liberto De Pablo; Mercedes Doval; Angel La Iglesia

3

The Cretaceous Okhotsk–Chukotka Volcanic Belt (NE Russia): Geology, geochronology, magma output rates, and implications on the genesis of silicic \\{LIPs\\}  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Cretaceous Okhotsk–Chukotka volcanic belt (OCVB) is a prominent subduction-related magmatic province, having the remarkably high proportion of silicic rocks (ca. 53% of the present-day crop area, and presumably over 70% of the total volcanic volume). Its estimated total extrusive volume ranges between 5.5 × 105 km3 (the most conservative estimate) and over 106 km3. This article presents a brief outline of the geology of OCVB, yet poorly described in international scientific literature, and results of a geochronological study on the northern part of the volcanic belt. On the base of new and published U–Pb and 40Ar/39Ar age determinations, a new chronological model is proposed. Our study indicates that the activity of the volcanic belt was highly discontinuous and comprised at least five main episodes at 106–98 Ma, 94–91 Ma, 89–87 Ma, 85.5–84 Ma, and 82–79 Ma. The new data allow a semi-quantitative estimate of the volcanic output rate for the observed part of the OCVB (area and volume approximately 105 km2 and 2.5 × 105 km3, respectively). The average extrusion rate for the entire lifetime of the volcanic belt ranges between 1.6 and 3.6 × 10? 5 km3yr? 1 km? 1, depending on the assumed average thickness of the volcanic pile; the optimal value is 2.6 × 10? 5 km3yr? 1 km? 1. Despite imprecise, such estimates infer the time-averaged volcanic productivity of the OCVB is similar to that of silicic \\{LIPs\\} and most active recent subduction-related volcanic areas of the Earth. However, the most extensive volcanic flare-ups at 89–87 and 85.5-84 Ma had higher rates of over 9.0 × 10? 5 km3yr? 1 km? 1. The main volumetric, temporal and compositional parameters of the OCVB are similar to those of silicic LIPs. This gives ground for discussion about the geodynamic setting of the latters, because the widely accepted definition of a LIP implies a strictly intraplate environment. Considering the genesis of the OCVB and other large provinces of silicic volcanism, we propose that residual thermal energy preserved in the continental crust after a previous major magmatic event may have been one of major reasons for high proportion of felsic rocks in a volcanic pile. In this scenario, underplating of mantle-derived basalts causes fast and extensive melting of still hot continental crust and generation of voluminous silicic magmas.

P.L. Tikhomirov; E.A. Kalinina; T. Moriguti; A. Makishima; K. Kobayashi; I.Yu. Cherepanova; E. Nakamura

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

E-Print Network 3.0 - algirdas smilgevicius zita Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

75 Geochemical Evidence for Slab Melting in theTrans-MexicanVolcanic Belt Summary: DECEMBER 26, 2006 Geochemical studies of Plio-Quaternary volcanic rocks from theValle de...

5

Journal of Mammalogy, 93(4):11781194, 2012 Out of the tropics: a phylogeographic history of the long-tailed weasel,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

belt, and 1 clade in South America. Unlike other Mustela in North America, long-tailed weasels appear in North America, 2 distinct lineages in Mexico and Central America separated by the trans-Mexican volcanic to have originated in the tropical areas of Mexico and Central America prior to dispersing 1st

6

A Statistics-Based Method For The Short-Wave Infrared Spectral Analysis Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Statistics-Based Method For The Short-Wave Infrared Spectral Analysis Of Statistics-Based Method For The Short-Wave Infrared Spectral Analysis Of Altered Rocks- An Example From The Acoculco Caldera, Eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Statistics-Based Method For The Short-Wave Infrared Spectral Analysis Of Altered Rocks- An Example From The Acoculco Caldera, Eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: We propose a simple graphic and statistical method for processing short-wave infrared (SWIR) reflectivity spectra of alteration minerals, which classifies spectra according to their shape and absorption features, thus obtaining groups of spectra equivalent to mineral assemblages. It also permits selection of fewer samples for further mineralogical verification.

7

Deconstructing the Conveyor Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...deepwater formation sites. This conveyor belt is assumed to operate...oceanographers have understood that the conveyor model grossly oversimplifies...overturning: No one expects a water parcel tagged at the surface in the...Atlantic to be swept along the conveyor belt unimpeded in its equatorward...

M. Susan Lozier

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

8

Reexamining the Cold Conveyor Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the popularity of the conveyor-belt model for portraying the airflow through midlatitude cyclones, questions arise as to the path of the cold conveyor belt, the lower-tropospheric airflow poleward of and underneath the warm front. Some ...

David M. Schultz

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

SLH Timing Belt Powertrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of this proposal was to develop and test a novel powertrain solution for the SLH hydroEngine?, a low-cost, efficient low-head hydropower technology. Nearly two-thirds of U.S. renewable electricity is produced by hydropower (EIA 2010). According to the U.S. Department of Energy; this amount could be increased by 50% with small hydropower plants, often using already-existing dams (Hall 2004). There are more than 80,000 existing dams, and of these, less than 4% generate power (Blankinship 2009). In addition, there are over 800 irrigation districts in the U.S., many with multiple, non-power, low-head drops. These existing, non-power dams and irrigation drops could be retrofitted to produce distributed, baseload, renewable energy with appropriate technology. The problem is that most existing dams are low-head, or less than 30 feet in height (Ragon 2009). Only about 2% of the available low-head hydropower resource in the U.S. has been developed, leaving more than 70 GW of annual mean potential low-head capacity untapped (Hall 2004). Natel Energy, Inc. is developing a low-head hydropower turbine that operates efficiently at heads less than 6 meters and is cost-effective for deployment across multiple low-head structures. Because of the unique racetrack-like path taken by the prime-movers in the SLH, a flexible powertrain is required. Historically, the only viable technological solution was roller chain. Despite the having the ability to easily attach blades, roller chain is characterized by significant drawbacks, including high cost, wear, and vibration from chordal action. Advanced carbon-#12;fiber-reinforced timing belts have been recently developed which, coupled with a novel belt attachment system developed by Natel Energy, result in a large reduction in moving parts, reduced mass and cost, and elimination of chordal action for increased fatigue life. The work done in this project affirmatively addressed each of the following 3 major uncertainties concerning a timing-belt based hydroEngine ?powertrain: 1. Can a belt handle the high torques and power loads demanded by the SLH? (Yes.) 2. Can the SLH blades be mounted to belt with a connection that can withstand the loads encountered in operation? (Yes.) 3. Can the belt, with blade attachments, live through the required cyclic loading? (Yes.) The research adds to the general understanding of sustainable small hydropower systems by using innovative system testing to develop and demonstrate performance of a novel powertrain solution, enabling a new type of hydroelectric turbine to be commercially developed. The technical effectiveness of the methods investigated has been shown to be positive through an extensive design and testing process accommodating many constraints and goals, with a major emphasis on high cycle fatigue life. Economic feasibility of the innovations has been demonstrated through many iterations of design for manufacturability and cost reduction. The project is of benefit to the public because it has helped to develop a solution to a major problem -- despite the large available potential for new low-head hydropower, high capital costs and high levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) continue to be major barriers to project development. The hydroEngine? represents a significant innovation, leveraging novel fluid mechanics and mechanical configuration to allow lower-cost turbine manufacture and development of low head hydropower resources.

Schneider, Abe

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

10

Replace V-Belts with Notched or Synchronous Belt Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Belt drives provide flexibility in the positioning of the motor relative to the load. Pulleys (sheaves) of varying diameters allow the speed of the driven equipment to be increased or decreased relative to the motor speed. A properly designed belt power-transmission system offers high efficiency and low noise, requires no lubrication, and presents low maintenance requirements. However, certain types of belts are more efficient than others, offering potential energy cost savings. This tip sheet provides example energy savings calculations and offers suggested actions.

11

Modeling volcanic ash dispersal  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Explosive volcanic eruptions inject into the atmosphere large amounts of volcanic material (ash, blocks and lapilli). Blocks and larger lapilli follow ballistic and non-ballistic trajectories and fall rapidly close to the volcano. In contrast, very fine ashes can remain entrapped in the atmosphere for months to years, and may affect the global climate in the case of large eruptions. Particles having sizes between these two end-members remain airborne from hours to days and can cover wide areas downwind. Such volcanic fallout entails a serious threat to aircraft safety and can create many undesirable effects to the communities located around the volcano. The assessment of volcanic fallout hazard is an important scientific, economic, and political issue, especially in densely populated areas. From a scientific point of view, considerable progress has been made during the last two decades through the use of increasingly powerful computational models and capabilities. Nowadays, models are used to quantify hazard scenarios and/or to give short-term forecasts during emergency situations. This talk will be focused on the main aspects related to modeling volcanic ash dispersal and fallout with application to the well known problem created by the Eyjafjöll volcano in Iceland. Moreover, a short description of the main volcanic monitoring techniques is presented.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

12

Jordan Creek Quadrangle Volcanics Ecoregion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jordan Creek Quadrangle Volcanics Ecoregion 10m30m 0-3 3-6 6-20 20-40 40-65 65-110 >110 No Data Percent Slope Jordan Creek Quadrangle Volcanics Ecoregion Coastal Lowlands Ecoregion Volcanics Ecoregion VINEMAPLE GREENLEAF GLENBROOK KELLY BUTTE PITTSBURGH TOLEDO NORTH JORDAN CREEK SUNSET SPRING WARNICKE CREEK

13

Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

checkpoints · Motorcycle helmet mandate · Graduated driver's licenses · Automated speed Belt Law 71% 73% 73% Sobriety Checkpoints 83% 82% 82% Motorcycle Helmet Belt Law 77% 77% 70% Sobriety Checkpoints 91% 91% 90% Motorcycle Helmet

Minnesota, University of

14

San Juan Montana Thrust Belt WY Thrust Belt Black Warrior  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San San Juan Montana Thrust Belt WY Thrust Belt Black Warrior Paradox - San Juan NW (2) Uinta- Piceance Paradox - San Juan SE (2) Florida Peninsula Appalachian- NY (1) Appalachian OH-PA (2) Appalachian Eastern PA (3) Appalachian Southern OH (4) Appalachian Eastern WV (5) Appalachian WV-VA (6) Appalachian TN-KY (7) Piceance Greater Green River Eastern OR-WA Ventura Williston Williston NE (2) Williston NW (1) Williston South (3) Eastern Great Basin Ventura West, Central, East Eastern OR-WA Eastern Great Basin Appalachian Denver Florida Peninsula Black Warrior W Y T h ru st B e lt Powder River Paradox- Uinta- Grtr Green River MT Thrust Belt Powder River North (1) Powder River South (2) Denver North (1) Denver South (3) Denver Middle (2) TX CA MT AZ ID NV NM CO IL OR UT KS WY IA NE SD MN ND OK FL WI MO AL WA GA AR LA MI IN PA NY NC MS TN KY VA OH SC

15

Synchronous and Cogged Fan Belt Performance Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The GSA Regional GPG Team commissioned the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to perform monitoring of cogged V-belts and synchronous belts on both a constant volume and a variable air volume fan at the Byron G. Rodgers Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Denver, Colorado. These motor/fan combinations were tested with their original, standard V-belts (appropriately tensioned by an operation and maintenance professional) to obtain a baseline for standard operation. They were then switched to the cogged V-belts, and finally to synchronous belts. The power consumption by the motor was normalized for both fan speed and air density changes. This was necessary to ensure that the power readings were not influenced by a change in rotational fan speed or by the power required to push denser air. Finally, energy savings and operation and maintenance savings were compiled into an economic life-cycle cost analysis of the different belt options.

Cutler, D.; Dean, J.; Acosta, J.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Volcanic studies at Katmai  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Continental Scientific Drilling Program (CSDP) is a national effort supported by the Department of Energy, the US Geological Survey, and the National Science Foundation. One of the projects proposed for the CSDP consists of drilling a series of holes in Katmai National Park in Alaska to give a third dimension to the model of the 1912 eruption of Novarupta, and to investigate the processes of explosive volcanism and hydrothermal transport of metals (Eichelberger et al., 1988). The proposal for research drilling at Katmai states that ``the size, youth, elevated temperature, and simplicity of the Novarupta vent make it a truly unique scientific target.`` The National Park Service (NPS), which has jurisdiction, is sympathetic to aims of the study. However, NPS wishes to know whether Katmai is indeed uniquely suited to the research, and has asked the Interagency Coordinating Group to support an independent assessment of this claim. NPS suggested the National Academy of Sciences as an appropriate organization to conduct the assessment. In response, the National Research Council -- the working arm of the Academy -- established, under the aegis of its US Geodynamics Committee, a panel whose specific charge states: ``The proposed investigation at Katmai has been extensively reviewed for scientific merit by the three sponsoring and participating agencies. Thus, the scientific merit of the proposed drilling at Katmai is not at issue. The panel will review the proposal for scientific drilling at Katmai and prepare a short report addressing the specific question of the degree to which it is essential that the drilling be conducted at Katmai as opposed to volcanic areas elsewhere in the world.``

Not Available

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Electric filter with movable belt electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for removing airborne contaminants entrained in a gas or airstream includes an electric filter characterized by a movable endless belt electrode, a grounded electrode, and a filter medium sandwiched there between. Inclusion of the movable, endless belt electrode provides the driving force for advancing the filter medium through the filter, and reduces frictional drag on the filter medium, thereby permitting a wide choice of filter medium materials. Additionally, the belt electrode includes a plurality of pleats in order to provide maximum surface area on which to collect airborne contaminants. 4 figs.

Bergman, W.

1983-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

SunBelt Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SunBelt Biofuels SunBelt Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SunBelt Biofuels Name SunBelt Biofuels Place Soperton, Georgia Zip 30457 Sector Biomass Product Freedom Giant Miscanthus Website http://www.sunbeltbiofuelsllc. Coordinates 32.3771182°, -82.5923554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.3771182,"lon":-82.5923554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

Congressional panel makes recommendations on belt safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006 (MINER Act) called for a Technical Study Panel to present a review and make recommendations on the use of belt air and the composition and fire retardant properties of belt materials in underground coal mining. In October 2007 the Panel released 20 recommendations publicly. These are presented in the article. Many recommendations encouraged the MSHA to enforce existing laws of maintenance and fire protection or example more vigorously. Maybe the biggest change recommended was that the industry should adopt the Belt Evaluation Laboratory Test (BELT) standard proposed in 1992. Another important recommendation was one that would help eliminate hazards associated with point feeding. 1 photo.

Fiscor, S.

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

Kepler and the Kuiper Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proposed field-of-view of the Kepler mission is at an ecliptic latitude of ~55 degrees, where the surface density of scattered Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) is a few percent that in the ecliptic plane. The rate of occultations of Kepler target stars by scattered KBOs with radii r>10km is ~10^-6 to 10^-4 per star per year, where the uncertainty reflects the current ignorance of the thickness of the scattered KBO disk and the faint-end slope of their magnitude distribution. These occultation events will last only ~0.1% of the planned t_exp=15 minute integration time, and thus will appear as single data points that deviate by tiny amounts. However, given the target photometric accuracy of Kepler, these deviations will nevertheless be highly significant, with typical signal-to-noise ratios of ~10. I estimate that 1-20 of the 10^5 main-sequence stars in Kepler's field-of-view will exhibit detectable occultations during its four-year mission. For unresolved events, the signal-to-noise of individual occultations scales as t_exp^{-1/2}, and the minimum detectable radius could be decreased by an order of magnitude to ~1 km by searching the individual 3-second readouts for occultations. I propose a number of methods by which occultation events may be differentiated from systematic effects. Kepler should measure or significantly constrain the frequency of highly-inclined, ~10 km-sized KBOs.

B. Scott Gaudi

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Property:VolcanicAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:VolcanicAge Jump to: navigation, search Property Name VolcanicAge Property Type String Description Describes the time of the most recent volcanism by epoch, era, or period per available data. Subproperties This property has the following 7 subproperties: E East Mesa Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area Soda Lake Geothermal Area Pages using the property "VolcanicAge" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + No volcanism + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + no volcanism + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + no volcanism + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + No volcanism +

22

DETECTING VOLCANISM ON EXTRASOLAR PLANETS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The search for extrasolar rocky planets has already found the first transiting rocky super-Earth, Corot 7b, with a surface temperature that allows for magma oceans. Here, we investigate whether we could distinguish rocky planets with recent major volcanism by remote observation. We develop a model for volcanic eruptions on an Earth-like exoplanet based on the present-day Earth and derive the observable features in emergent and transmission spectra for multiple scenarios of gas distribution and cloud cover. We calculate the observation time needed to detect explosive volcanism on exoplanets in primary as well as secondary eclipse and discuss the likelihood of observing volcanism on transiting Earth-sized to super-Earth-sized exoplanets. We find that sulfur dioxide from large explosive eruptions does present a spectral signal that is remotely detectable especially for secondary eclipse measurements around the closest stars and ground-based telescopes, and report the frequency and magnitude of the expected signatures. The transit probability of a planet in the habitable zone decreases with distance from the host star, making small, nearby host stars the best targets.

Kaltenegger, L.; Sasselov, D. D. [Harvard University, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Henning, W. G., E-mail: lkaltene@cfa.harvard.ed [Harvard University, EPS, 20 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Corn Belt Power Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corn Belt Power Coop Corn Belt Power Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 4363 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO Other Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Corn_Belt_Power_Coop&oldid=41053

24

Corn Belt Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corn Belt Energy Corporation Corn Belt Energy Corporation Place Illinois Utility Id 4362 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png INDUSTRIAL SUBSTATION RATE ("ISR") Industrial RATE 1 RESIDENTIAL & FARM SERVICE Residential RATE 10 ELECTRIC HEAT FOR RESIDENTIAL & FARM SERVICE Residential RATE 11 RESIDENTIAL & FARM SERVICE - INTERRUPTIBLE Residential RATE 12 RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICALLY HEATED APARTMENTS Residential

25

Los Alamos provides HOPE for radiation belt storm probes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HOPE for radiation belt storm probes HOPE for radiation belt storm probes Los Alamos provides HOPE for radiation belt storm probes The HOPE analyzer is one of a suite of instruments that was successfully launched as part of the Radiation Belt Storm Probe mission. August 30, 2012 Artist's rendering showing two spacecraft representing the not-yet-designed Radiation Belt Storm Probes that will study the sun and its effects on Earth. PHOTO CREDIT: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Artist's rendering showing two spacecraft representing the not-yet-designed Radiation Belt Storm Probes that will study the sun and its effects on Earth. PHOTO CREDIT: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Contact James E. Rickman Communications Office (505) 665-9203 Email "Today we are boldly going where no spacecraft ever wants to go."

26

New compounds will help coal operators comply with BELT standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

US coal producers will soon have a new set of conveyor belting standards, which are currently proposed as a rulemaking by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), to bring higher levels of resistance to propagation of fire by a secondary source. The new test being put into effect is known as a Belt Evaluation Laboratory Test (BELT). The article, submitted by Fenner Dunlop, discusses the company's testing procedures and the development of conveyors to comply with regulations. 2 photos.

NONE

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Magnetic refrigeration apparatus with belt of ferro or paramagnetic material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetic refrigerator operating in the 12 to 77 K range utilizes a belt which carries ferromagnetic or paramagnetic material and which is disposed in a loop which passes through the center of a solenoidal magnet to achieve cooling. The magnetic material carried by the belt, which can be blocks in frames of a linked belt, can be a mixture of substances with different Curie temperatures arranged such that the Curie temperatures progressively increase from one edge of the belt to the other. This magnetic refrigerator can be used to cool and liquefy hydrogen or other fluids.

Barclay, J.A.; Stewart, W.F.; Henke, M.D.; Kalash, K.E.

1986-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

28

1. THE RADIATION BELTS The outer zone radiation belts consist of energetic elec-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a variety of time scales. There is a noted association between solar wind speed and relativistic elec- tron and external processes. This paper reviews what is currently understood of the interactions between energetic, A Review of ULF Interactions with Radiation Belt Electrons Scot R. Elkington Laboratory for Atmospheric

Elkington, Scot R.

29

Investigation of the thermal regime and geologic history of the Cascade volcanic arc: First phase of a program for scientific drilling in the Cascade Range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phased, multihole drilling program with associated science is proposed as a means of furthering our understanding of the thermal regime and geologic history of the Cascade Range of Washington, Oregon, and northern California. The information obtained from drilling and ancillary geological and geophysical investigations will contribute to our knowledge in the following general areas: (1) the magnitude of the regional background heat flow of parts of the Quaternary volcanic belt dominated by the most abundant volcanic rock types, basalt and basaltic andesite; (2) the nature of the heat source responsible for the regional heat-flow anomaly; (3) the characteristics of the regional hydrothermal and cold-water circulation; the rates of volcanism for comparison with models for the rate and direction of plate convergence of the Cascades; (5) the history of deformation and volcanism in the volcanic arc that can be related to subduction; (6) the present-day stress regime of the volcanic arc and the relation of these stresses to plate interactions and possible large earthquakes; and the current geometry of the subducted oceanic plate below the Cascade Range and the relationship of the plate to the distribution of heat flow, Quaternary volcanism, and Quaternary deformation. Phase I research will be directed toward a detailed investigation of the Santiam Pass segment. In concert with the Santiam Pass research, a detailed study of the nearby Breitenbush Hot Springs area is also recommended as a component of Phase I. The object of the Breitenbush research is to study one of the hottest known Cascade hydrothermal systems, which coincidentally also has a good geological and geophysical data base. A coordinated program of drilling, sampling, subsurface measurements, and surface surveys will be associated with the drilling of several holes.

Priest, G.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Warm Conveyor Belts in Idealized Moist Baroclinic Wave Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This idealized modeling study of moist baroclinic waves addresses the formation of moist ascending airstreams, so-called warm conveyor belts (WCBs), their characteristics, and their significance for the downstream flow evolution. Baroclinic wave ...

Sebastian Schemm; Heini Wernli; Lukas Papritz

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

A 15-Year Climatology of Warm Conveyor Belts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents the first climatology of so-called warm conveyor belts (WCBs), strongly ascending moist airstreams in extratropical cyclones that, on the time scale of 2 days, rise from the boundary layer to the upper troposphere. The ...

Sabine Eckhardt; Andreas Stohl; Heini Wernli; Paul James; Caroline Forster; Nicole Spichtinger

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

TESTING MODELS FOR BASALTIC VOLCANISM: IMPLICATIONS FOR YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TESTING MODELS FOR BASALTIC VOLCANISM: IMPLICATIONS FOR YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Eugene Smith 1 The determination of volcanic risk to the proposed high- level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain requires, then volcanism in the future may not be a significant threat to Yucca Mountain. On the other hand, if melting

Conrad, Clint

33

The Utilisation of Volcanic Steam in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... exploitation of natural resources; and the welkin is still ringing with cries of “increase production,”“back to the land,” and “keep the home-fires burning.” Examples ... definite and successful effort been made in this direction, namely, by utilising the natural steam which emerges from the earth in volcanic districts. The jets of ...

1924-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

34

Angle stations in or for endless conveyor belts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an angle station for an endless conveyor belt, there are presented to each incoming run of the belt stationary curved guide members (18, 19) of the shape of a major segment of a right-circular cylinder and having in the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) thereof rectangular openings (15) arranged in parallel and helical paths and through which project small freely-rotatable rollers (14), the continuously-changing segments of the curved surfaces of which projecting through said openings (15) are in attitude to change the direction of travel of the belt (13) through 90.degree. during passage of the belt about the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) of the guide member (18 or 19). The rectangular openings (15) are arranged with their longer edges lengthwise of the diagonals representing the mean of the helix but with those of a plurality of the rows nearest to each end of the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) slightly out of axial symmetry with said diagonals, being slightly inclined in a direction about the intersections (40) of the diagonals of the main portion of the openings, to provide a "toe-in" attitude in relation to the line of run of the endless conveyor belt.

Steel, Alan (Glasgow, GB6)

1987-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volcanic eruptions can produce a wide range of hazards. Although phenomena such as pyroclastic flows and surges, sector collapses, lahars and ballistic blocks are the most destructive and dangerous, volcanic ash is by far the most widely distributed eruption product. Although ash falls rarely endanger human life directly, threats to public health and disruption to critical infrastructure services, aviation and primary production can lead to significant societal impacts. Even relatively small eruptions can cause widespread disruption, damage and economic loss. Volcanic eruptions are, in general, infrequent and somewhat exotic occurrences, and consequently in many parts of the world, the management of critical infrastructure during volcanic crises can be improved with greater knowledge of the likely impacts. This article presents an overview of volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure, other than aviation and fuel supply, illustrated by findings from impact assessment reconnaissance trips carried out to a wide range of locations worldwide by our international research group and local collaborators. ‘Critical infrastructure’ includes those assets, frequently taken for granted, which are essential for the functioning of a society and economy. Electricity networks are very vulnerable to disruption from volcanic ash falls. This is particularly the case when fine ash is erupted because it has a greater tendency to adhere to line and substation insulators, where it can cause flashover (unintended electrical discharge) which can in turn cause widespread and disruptive outages. Weather conditions are a major determinant of flashover risk. Dry ash is not conductive, and heavy rain will wash ash from insulators, but light rain/mist will mobilise readily-soluble salts on the surface of the ash grains and lower the ash layer’s resistivity. Wet ash is also heavier than dry ash, increasing the risk of line breakage or tower/pole collapse. Particular issues for water supply managers include: monitoring turbidity levels in raw water intakes, and if necessary increasing chlorination to compensate for higher turbidity; managing water demand; and communicating monitoring results with the public to allay fears of contamination. Ash can cause major damage to wastewater disposal systems. Ash deposited onto impervious surfaces such as roads and car parks is very easily washed into storm drains, where it can form intractable masses and lead to long-term flooding problems. It can also enter wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), both through sewer lines and by direct fallout. Damage to modern \\{WWTPs\\} can run into millions of dollars. Ash falls reduce visibility creating hazards for ground transportation. Dry ash is also readily remobilised by vehicle traffic and wind, and dry and wet ash deposits will reduce traction on paved surfaces, including airport runways. Ash cleanup from road and airports is commonly necessary, but the large volumes make it logistically challenging. Vehicles are vulnerable to ash; it will clog filters and brake systems and abrade moving parts within engines. Lastly, modern telecommunications networks appear to be relatively resilient to volcanic ash fall. Signal attenuation and interference during ash falls has not been reported in eruptions over the past 20 years, with the exception of interference from ash plume-generated lightning. However, some telecommunications equipment is vulnerable to airborne ash, in particular heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems which may become blocked from ash ingestion leading to overheating. This summary of volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure provides insight into the relative vulnerability of infrastructure under a range of different ashfall scenarios. Identifying and quantifying these impacts is an essential step in building resilience within these critical systems. We have attempted to consider interdependencies between sectors in a holistic way using systems thinking. As modern society becomes increasingly complex and interdependent this

Thomas M. Wilson; Carol Stewart; Victoria Sword-Daniels; Graham S. Leonard; David M. Johnston; Jim W. Cole; Johnny Wardman; Grant Wilson; Scott T. Barnard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Jasper Seamount: Seven million years of volcanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jasper Seamount is a young, mid-sized (690 km{sup 3}) oceanic intraplate volcano located about 500 km west-southwest of San Diego, California. Reliable {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar age data were obtained for several milligram-sized samples of 4 to 10 Ma plagioclase by using a defocused laser beam to clean the samples before fusion. Gee and Staudigel suggested that Jasper Seamount consists of a transitional to tholeiitic shield volcano formed by flank transitional series lavas, overlain by flank alkalic series lavas and summit alkalic series lavas. Twenty-nine individual {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar laser fusion analyses on nine samples confirm the stratigraphy: 10.3-10.0 Ma for the flank transitonal series, 8.7-7.5 Ma for the flank alkalic series, and 4.8-4.1 Ma for the summit alkalic series. The alkalinity of the lavas clearly increases with time, and there appear to be 1 to 3 m.y. hiatuses between each series. The age data are consistent with the complex magnetic anomaly of Jasper; however the dominant reversed polarity inferred from the anomaly suggests that most of the seamount formed at ca. 11 Ma, prior to the onset of Chron C5N. The duration of volcanism of Jasper Seamount is slightly longer than the duration of volcanism at Hawaiian volcanoes, suggesting that individual age data from seamounts may constrain the age of a seamount only to within about 7 m.y. unless the stage of volcanism can be unambiguously determined. Extrapolating from the results of our study, similar precision in age determinations should be possible on 50 mg of 1 Ma plagioclase from mid-ocean ridge basalt, opening new possibilities in the geochronology of young, low-potassium volcanic rocks.

Pringle, M.S. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California (USA)); Staudigel, H.; Gee, J. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, LaJolla, California (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois) Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Project: $0.06 per kWh reduced or 50% of project cost, up to $50,000 Program Info State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Cooled Unitary Packaged AC/Split Systems: $60 - $75/ton Air Source Heat Pumps: $60 - $75/ton Geothermal Heat Pumps: $60 - $75/ton Packaged Terminal Heat Pump: $50/ton Room A/C: $20 Air Economizer: $150 - $180 Night Covers: $6 Programmable Thermostat: $20 - $25

38

Wheat Belt Public Power Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belt Public Power Dist Belt Public Power Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 20509 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC/MRO NERC MRO Yes NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png DISTRIBUTION HEAVY INDUSTRIAL (E-2) Commercial GENERAL PURPOSE - LARGE COMMERCIAL Industrial GENERAL PURPOSE - LARGE COMMERCIAL Commercial GENERAL PURPOSE - SMALL Residential GENERAL PURPOSE - SMALL COMMERCIAL Commercial IRRIGATION Multi Phase Commercial LARGE POWER Industrial

39

The Linkage between the Warm and the Cold Conveyor Belts in an Idealized Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study continues the investigation of airstreams in idealized moist baroclinic waves and addresses the formation of the cold conveyor belt (CCB), its linkage to the warm conveyor belt (WCB), and their impact on the development of a midlatitude ...

Sebastian Schemm; Heini Wernli

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

E-Print Network 3.0 - allen radiation belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ALBEDO OF SMALL SOLAR SYSTEM BODIES. I. V. Moskalenko1,2 , T. A. Porter3 Summary: and ice in Main Belt asteroids and Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) using the Moon as a template. We...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volcanic National Park Geothermal Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area (1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area (1982) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Data Acquisition-Manipulation Activity Date 1982 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Develop parameters to identify geothermal region Notes Statistical methods are outlined to separate spatially, temporally, and magnitude-dependent portions of both the random and non-random components of the seismicity. The methodology employed compares the seismicity distributions with a generalized Poisson distribution. Temporally related

42

Mercury Vapor At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Varekamp...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Mercury Vapor At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) Exploration...

43

Temporal Relations of Volcanism and Hydrothermal Systems in Two...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with current hot-spring activity and the youngest pulses of volcanism. > Oxygen-isotope data from illitesmectite clays in the Cochiti district are zonally distributed and...

44

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caldera Geothermal Region Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHigh-ResolutionAeromagneticMappingOfVolcanicTerrain,YellowstoneNationalPark&oldid...

45

Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Thompson...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References J. Michael Thompson (1985) Chemistry Of Thermal And Nonthermal Springs In The Vicinity Of Lassen Volcanic National Park...

46

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References J. Michael Thompson (1985) Chemistry Of Thermal And Nonthermal Springs In The Vicinity Of Lassen Volcanic National Park...

47

A Miocene Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Shimane Peninsula, Sw Japan Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A...

48

Basaltic volcanic episodes of the Yucca Mountain region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to summarize briefly the distribution and geologic characteristics of basaltic volcanism in the Yucca Mountain region during the last 10--12 Ma. This interval largely postdates the major period of silicic volcanism and coincides with and postdates the timing of major extensional faulting in the region. Field and geochronologic data for the basaltic rocks define two distinct episodes. The patterns in the volume and spatial distribution of these basaltic volcanic episodes in the central and southern part of the SNVF are used as a basis for forecasting potential future volcanic activity in vicinity of Yucca Mountain. 33 refs., 2 figs.

Crowe, B.M.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A parametric study of the source rate for outer radiation belt electrons using a Kalman filter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parametric study of the source rate for outer radiation belt electrons using a Kalman filter Q), A parametric study of the source rate for outer radiation belt electrons using a Kalman filter, J. Geophys. Res increasingly popular to describe the outer radiation belt energetic electron environment. We use a Kalman

Li, Xinlin

50

Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document details progress on the project entitled ''Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity'' during the period from November 15, 2004 to May 14, 2004. Highlights include fabrication of an improved LED lightbar, fabrication of a line-scan sensor head for the Smart-Camera based prototype, and development of prototype vulcanized splice detection algorithms.

Chris Fromme

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Solar heating of swimming pools for the subtropical coastal belt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consideration is given to heating a swimming pool to obtain all-year-round use or alternatively to extend the use of the pool into the winter period. The report has been prepared for Durban and other parts of the subtropical Coastal Belt as a guide for advising those who may consider using solar energy for such an undertaking.

Forbes, J.; Dobson, D.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

POPULATION OF THE SCATTERED KUIPER BELT 1 Chadwick A. Trujillo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collected at Canada­France­Hawaii Telescope, which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada Belt, Oort Cloud --- solar system: formation #12; -- 3 -- 1. Introduction The outer solar system the formation era of the solar system and are composed of the oldest, least­modified materials in our solar

Jewitt, David C.

53

Flexible electrode belt for EIT using nanofiber web dry electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient connection of multiple electrodes to the body for impedance measurement and voltage monitoring applications is of critical importance to measurement quality and practicality. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) experiments have generally required a cumbersome procedure to attach the multiple electrodes needed in EIT. Once placed, these electrodes must then maintain good contact with the skin during measurements that may last several hours. There is usually also the need to manage the wires that run between the electrodes and the EIT system. These problems become more severe as the number of electrodes increases, and may limit the practicality and portability of this imaging method. There have been several trials describing human–electrode interfaces using configurations such as electrode belts, helmets or rings. In this paper, we describe an electrode belt we developed for long-term EIT monitoring of human lung ventilation. The belt included 16 embossed electrodes that were designed to make good contact with the skin. The electrodes were fabricated using an Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web and metallic threads. A large contact area and padding were used behind each electrode to improve subject comfort and reduce contact impedances. The electrodes were incorporated, equally spaced, into an elasticated fabric belt. We tested the electrode belt in conjunction with the KHU Mark1 multi-frequency EIT system, and demonstrate time-difference images of phantoms and human subjects during normal breathing and running. We found that the Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web electrodes were suitable for long-term measurement because of their flexibility and durability. Moreover, the contact impedance and stability of the Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web electrodes were found to be comparable to similarly tested Ag/AgCl electrodes.

Tong In Oh; Tae Eui Kim; Sun Yoon; Kap Jin Kim; Eung Je Woo; Rosalind J Sadleir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Break the Green Belt? The differences between green belt and its alternative green wedge: A comparative study of London and Stockholm.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The paper sets out to compare two widely applied planning strategies – green belt and green wedge – to understand if as an alternative, the green wedge… (more)

Kong, Luyao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

E-Print Network 3.0 - active volcanic features Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

enormous Jurassic--Cretaceous volcanic activity, CretaceousJurassicPermian andesite Permian metasediment... of Mesozoic volcanic rocks in the Songliao basin, NE China PU-JUN...

56

An energy appraisal of volcanic and hydrothermal phenomena (on the example of Kamchatka)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Such areas of active volcanicity may be regarded as positive geothermic anomalies on a planetary scale. This conclusion ... magmatism (volcanism), metamorphism and other « energy capacious » processes in various ...

B. G. Polak

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered volcanic ash Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: when hot ash flows enter the sea. Volcanic activity was practically absent on Gran Canaria between 9... expected the Slump scarp Subaerial volcanics Sealevel Distal...

58

Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic Tremor(Question) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic Tremor(Question) Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Despite several episodes of ground deformation and intense seismic activity starting in 1978, the Long Valley, California, volcanic area has not produced clearly recognized volcanic tremor. Instead, a variety of atypical microearthquakes have been recorded during these episodes, including events dominated by low-frequency (long-period) or mixed high and low-frequency (hybrid) signals. During a 1997 episode, a number of unusual microearthquakes occurred within a temporary 40-station

59

Diachroneity of Basin and Range Extension and Yellowstone Hotspot Volcanism  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diachroneity of Basin and Range Extension and Yellowstone Hotspot Volcanism Diachroneity of Basin and Range Extension and Yellowstone Hotspot Volcanism in Northwestern Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Diachroneity of Basin and Range Extension and Yellowstone Hotspot Volcanism in Northwestern Nevada Abstract Some of the earliest volcanic rocks attributed to the Yellowstone hotspot erupted from the McDermitt caldera and related volcanic centers in northwestern Nevada at 17-15 Ma. At that time, extensional faulting was ongoing to the south in central Nevada, leading some to suggest that the nascent hotspot caused or facilitated middle Miocene Basin and Range extension. Regional geologic relationships indicate that the total magnitude of extension in northwestern Nevada is low compared to the amount

60

A Distinction Technique Between Volcanic And Tectonic Depression Structures  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distinction Technique Between Volcanic And Tectonic Depression Structures Distinction Technique Between Volcanic And Tectonic Depression Structures Based On The Restoration Modeling Of Gravity Anomaly- A Case Study Of The Hohi Volcanic Zone, Central Kyushu, Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Distinction Technique Between Volcanic And Tectonic Depression Structures Based On The Restoration Modeling Of Gravity Anomaly- A Case Study Of The Hohi Volcanic Zone, Central Kyushu, Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In this study, we propose a numerical modeling technique which restores the gravity anomaly of tectonic origin and identifies the gravity low of caldera origin. The identification is performed just by comparing the restored gravity anomalies with the observed gravity anomalies, thus we

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Overview Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of Western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Overview Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of Western United States Details Activities (7) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A better understanding of active volcanic areas in the United States through electromagnetic geophysical studies received foundation from the many surveys done for geothermal exploration in the 1970's. Investigations by governmental, industrial, and academic agencies include (but are not limited to) mapping of the Cascades. Long Valley/Mono area, the Jemez volcanic field, Yellowstone Park, and an area in Colorado. For one example - Mt. Konocti in the Mayacamas Mountains, California - gravity,

62

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone National Park Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone National Park Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: High-resolution aeromagnetic data acquired over Yellowstone National Park (YNP) show contrasting patterns reflecting differences in rock composition, types and degree of alteration, and crustal structures that mirror the variable geology of the Yellowstone Plateau. The older, Eocene, Absaroka Volcanic Supergroup, a series of mostly altered, andesitic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks partially exposed in mountains on the eastern margin of YNP, produces high-amplitude, positive magnetic

63

Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Dictionary.png Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

64

On the 'Scattered' Inclinations in the Kuiper Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper shows that the inclinations of bodies captured into mean motion resonances in the Kuiper belt have remained very nearly unchanged, being only slightly increased from initial lower values by migration and/or by long-term planetary perturbations. Thus the observed maximum as high as ~ 30 deg of the i's of bodies in resonance must reflect either a broad initial range at least to that level for capturable bodies or an elevating process possibly exemplified by the sweeping of secular resonances. We have obtained capture probabilities for 2 well-populated resonances, showing reduced but finite values for i's up to 35 deg. Whatever led to the present distribution must have produced increases in i for some, but not for all, resonant bodies in the belt.

Franklin, Fred

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments;  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments; System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments; Multi-phase Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys in Overt and Subtle Volcanic Systems, Hawaii and Maui Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments; Multi-phase Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys in Overt and Subtle Volcanic Systems, Hawai'i and Maui Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The project will perform a suite of stepped geophysical and geochemical surveys and syntheses at both a known, active volcanic system at Puna, Hawai'i and a blind geothermal system in Maui, Hawai'i. Established geophysical and geochemical techniques for geothermal exploration including gravity, major cations/anions and gas analysis will be combined with atypical implementations of additional geophysics (aeromagnetics) and geochemistry (CO2 flux, 14C measurements, helium isotopes and imaging spectroscopy). Importantly, the combination of detailed CO2 flux, 14C measurements and helium isotopes will provide the ability to directly map geothermal fluid upflow as expressed at the surface. Advantageously, the similar though active volcanic and hydrothermal systems on the east flanks of Kilauea have historically been the subject of both proposed geophysical surveys and some geochemistry; the Puna Geothermal Field (Puna) (operated by Puna Geothermal Venture [PGV], an Ormat subsidiary) will be used as a standard by which to compare both geophysical and geochemical results.

66

Geothermal Literature Review At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Morgan,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morgan, Morgan, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Morgan, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Paul Morgan, Wendell Duffield, John Sass, Tracey Felger (2003) Searching For An Electrical-Grade Geothermal Resource In Northern Arizona To Help Geopower The West Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermal_Literature_Review_At_San_Francisco_Volcanic_Field_Area_(Morgan,_Et_Al.,_2003)&oldid=510822" Category: Exploration Activities What links here

67

Seat Belt Use Policy Outline the policy regarding use of seat belt in University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are as follows: a. All occupants in the front seat of the vehicle are required to wear a seat belt. b. Children according to U-M policies and Federal, State and local laws. Policy 1. Operators are required to wear a seat they are over 4'9" tall. c. Children who are 8 years old but less than 16 years old are required to wear a seat

Kirschner, Denise

68

Transition from alkaline to calc-alkaline volcanism during evolution of the Paleoproterozoic Francevillian basin of eastern Gabon (Western Central Africa)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We report new geochemical data for the volcanic and subvolcanic rocks associated with the evolution of the Francevillian basin of eastern Gabon during Paleoproterozoic times (c. 2.1–2 Ga). Filling of this basin has proceeded through four main sedimentary or volcano-sedimentary episodes, namely FA, FB, FC and FD. Volcanism started during the FB episode being present only in the northern part of the basin (Okondja sub-basin). This volcanism is ultramafic to trachytic in composition and displays a rather constant alkaline geochemical signature. This signature is typical of a within-plate environment, consistent with the rift-setting generally postulated for the Francevillian basin during the FB period. Following FB, the FC unit is 10–20 m-thick silicic horizon (jasper) attesting for a massive input of silica in the basin. Following FC, the FD unit is a c. 200–400 m-thick volcano-sedimentary sequence including felsic tuffs and epiclastic rocks. The geochemical signatures of these rocks are totally distinct from those of the FB alkaline lavas. High Th/Ta and La/Ta ratios attest for a calc-alkaline signature and slight fractionation between heavy rare-earth suggests melting at a rather low pressure. Such characteristics are comparable to those of felsic lavas associated with the Taupo zone of New Zealand, a modern ensialic back-arc basin. Following FD, the FE detrital unit is defined only in the Okondja region, probably associated with a late-stage collapse of the northern part of the basin. It is suggested that the alkaline to calc-alkaline volcanic transition reflects the evolution of the Francevillian basin from a diverging to a converging setting, in response to the onset of converging movements in the Eburnean Belt of Central Africa.

Denis Thiéblemont; Pascal Bouton; Alain Préat; Jean-Christian Goujou; Monique Tegyey; Francis Weber; Michel Ebang Obiang; Jean Louis Joron; Michel Treuil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

An Expert System For The Tectonic Characterization Of Ancient Volcanic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System For The Tectonic Characterization Of Ancient Volcanic System For The Tectonic Characterization Of Ancient Volcanic Rocks Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Expert System For The Tectonic Characterization Of Ancient Volcanic Rocks Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The expert system approach enables geochemical evidence to be integrated with geological, petrological and mineralogical evidence in identifying the eruptive setting of ancient volcanic rocks. This paper explains the development of ESCORT, an Expert System for Characterization of Rock Types. ESCORT uses as its knowledge base a set of dispersion matrices derived from a geochemical data bank of some 8000 immobile element analyses, together with tables of magma-type membership probabilities based

70

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Data Acquisition-Manipulation Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration data, geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify potential drilling targets and sites. Further work may occur in 2004 or 2005. References

71

Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Analyses of eight well samples taken consecutively during the flow test showed an inverse correlation between NH3 and Cl_ concentrations. The last sample taken had a pH of 8.35 and contained 2100 ppm Cl_ and 0.55 ppm NH3. Ratios of Na+/K+ and Na+/Cl_ remained nearly constant throughout the flow test. Cation geothermometers (with inherent uncertainties of at least

72

Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area (Redirected from Lassen Volcanic National Park Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (11) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: California Exploration Region: Cascades GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0

73

Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range, Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range, Inyo County, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Coso Range lies at the west edge of the Great Basin, adjacent to the southern part of the Sierra Nevada. A basement complex of pre-Cenozoic plutonic and metamorphic rocks is partly buried by approx.35 km^3 of late Cenozoic volcanic rocks that were erupted during two periods, as defined by K-Ar dating: (1) 4.0--2.5 m.y., approx.31 km^3 of basalt, rhyodacite, dacite, andesite, and rhyolite, in descending order of abundance, and (2) < or =1.1 m.y., nearly equal amounts of basalt and

74

A Volcanologist'S Review Of Atmospheric Hazards Of Volcanic Activity- Fuego  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volcanologist'S Review Of Atmospheric Hazards Of Volcanic Activity- Fuego Volcanologist'S Review Of Atmospheric Hazards Of Volcanic Activity- Fuego And Mount St Helens Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Volcanologist'S Review Of Atmospheric Hazards Of Volcanic Activity- Fuego And Mount St Helens Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The large amount of scientific data collected on the Mount St. Helens eruption has resulted in significant changes in thinking about the atmospheric hazards caused by explosive volcanic activity. The hazard posed by fine silicate ash with long residence time in the atmosphere is probably much less serious than previously thought. The Mount St. Helens eruption released much fine ash in the upper atmosphere. These silicates were removed very rapidly due to a process of particle aggregation (Sorem, 1982;

75

A Miocene Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Shimane Peninsula, Sw Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Miocene Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Shimane Peninsula, Sw Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Miocene volcanic complex of the Takashibiyama Formation consists largely of subalkali, subaqueous basalt to andesite lavas and andesite to dacite subaqueous volcaniclastic flow deposits. Most of subaqueous lavas are moderately to intensely brecciated with rugged rough surfaces and ramp structures similar to subaerial block lava. Volcaniclastic flow deposits commonly include basalt to andesite lava fragments and/or pyroclastic materials, and are similar in internal

76

Evidence For Gas And Magmatic Sources Beneath The Yellowstone Volcanic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evidence For Gas And Magmatic Sources Beneath The Yellowstone Volcanic Evidence For Gas And Magmatic Sources Beneath The Yellowstone Volcanic Field From Seismic Tomographic Imaging Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Evidence For Gas And Magmatic Sources Beneath The Yellowstone Volcanic Field From Seismic Tomographic Imaging Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The 3-D P-wave velocity and P- to S-wave velocity ratio structure of the Yellowstone volcanic field, Wyoming, has been determined from local earthquake tomography using new data from the permanent Yellowstone seismic network. We selected 3374 local earthquakes between 1995 and 2001 to invert for the 3-D P-wave velocity (Vp) and P-wave to S-wave velocity ratio (Vp/Vs) structure. Vp anomalies of small size (15_15 km) are reliably

77

San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area (Redirected from San Juan Volcanic Field Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (3) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Colorado Exploration Region: Rio Grande Rift GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0

78

Volcanism in the western San Juan Mountains, Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three major cycles of volcanism during the Miocene and Pliocene formed a layered succession of calc-alkaline eruptive materials in the western San Juan Mountains nearly 1.5 miles thick and having a volume grea...

R. G. Luedke; W. S. Burbank

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Palaeomagnetism of the Antrim Plateau Volcanics of Northern Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......just south of the Australian Bight from the Upper Carboniferous...1969. North Australian Plateau Volcanics...the Bonaparte Gulf Basin, Bur. Miner. Resour...palaeomagnetism of the Great Dyke of Southern...part of the Wiso Basin, Northern Territory......

M. W. McElbinny; G. R. Luck

1970-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Static Temperature Survey At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in volcanic rocks (Beall, 1981). Temperature-log profiles made 10 months after drilling completion show an abrupt temperature rise at 183 m, a maximum temperature of 176 degrees...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Surface Mercury Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure And Zones Of High Heat Flow In The Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes, Katmai National Park, Alaska Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

82

Applications of the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic Processes of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Applications Of The Vlf Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic Processes Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The very low-frequency (VLF) induction method has found exceptional utility in studying various volcanic processes of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii because: (1) significant anomalies result exclusively from ionically conductive magma or still-hot intrusions (> 800°C) and the attendant electrolytically conductive hot groundwater; (2) basalt flows forming the bulk of Kilauea have very high resistivities at shallow depths that result in low geologic noise levels and relatively deep depths of

83

A Distinction Technique Between Volcanic And Tectonic Depression...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling Of Gravity Anomaly- A Case Study Of The Hohi Volcanic Zone, Central Kyushu, Japan Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A...

84

Data From HANE-Generated Radiation Belts and the Origin of Diffusion Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this presentation we briefly review some of the published data regarding the artificial radiation belts produced by the Starfish and R2 high altitude nuclear explosions in 1962. The data showed slow temporal variations of the belts in altitude (L) and pitch angle ({alpha}) that could be modeled as a diffusion process. That early work formed the basis for more complex radiation belt diffusion models that are in use at present.

Winske, Dan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - altai metallogenic belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

occur primarily... the Magondi Mobile Belt. In contrast, the cratonic regions are highly anisotropic - evidence of strong lateral... Exploration. Clifford, T.N., 1966,...

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic seat belts Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the United States?: A Meta-analysis University... technology and by changing automobile driver behavior (Desai and You 1992). Seat belt laws are thought... to be the...

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - associations kaoko belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and the resulting burial... Petroleum Resources Project An Estimate of Recoverable Heavy Oil Resources of the Orinoco Oil Belt... barrels of technically recoverable heavy oil in...

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - asteroid belt analogs Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

these enhanced telescopes can achieve... the solar system. Figure 1 depicts the inner solar system, showing the main asteroid belt between the orbits... of Mars and Jupiter....

89

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian orogenic belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

All rights reserved. 0022-1376200711503-000415.00 Orogenic Belts and Orogenic Sediment Provenance Summary: rights reserved. 0022-1376200711503-000415.00 315 Orogenic...

90

Paleomagnetic and paleointensity study of Oligocene volcanic rocks from Chihuahua (northern Mexico)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed rock-magnetic, paleomagnetic and paleointensity study was carried out on Oligocene volcanic formations from Chihuahua (northern Mexico) in order to obtain some decisive constraints for the tectonic evolution of the southern Cordilleran Orogenic Belt of North America and for the geomagnetic field strength during Oligocene time. Age of the volcanic units lies between 33 and 25 Ma according to available radiometric data. Rock-magnetic experiments reveal that remanence is carried in most cases by Ti-poor titanomagnetite, resulting of oxy-exsolution of original titanomagnetite during the initial flow cooling. Unblocking temperature spectra and relatively high coercivities point to ‘small’ pseudo-single domain magnetic grains for these (titano)magnetites. Single-component, linear demagnetization plots were observed in most cases. Nine sites yield reverse polarity magnetization, three are normally magnetized and one unit shows intermediate polarity magnetization. An evidence of strong lightning-produced magnetization overprint was detected for one site. Combining all paleomagnetic data currently available for northern Mexico, we obtained a well-defined Eocene–Oligocene mean paleomagnetic direction with I=48.5°, D=337.1°, k=20, ?95=6.8°, N=24, which deviates counterclockwise from the expected direction estimated from the North American apparent polar wander path. This suggests a vertical-axis tectonic counterclockwise rotation of about 16° relative to stable North America. Transition from Laramide compression to Basin and Range extension occurred during Oligocene, around 32–30 Ma. Tectonic rotation may then reflect east–northeast extension in the mid- to late-Cenozoic. Twenty-three samples were pre-selected for Thellier palaeointensity experiments because of their low viscosity index, stable remanent magnetization and reasonably reversible continuous thermomagnetic curves. Only 12 samples, coming from three individual basaltic lava flows, yielded reliable paleointensity estimates with the flow-mean virtual dipole moments (VDM) ranging from 3.96 to 4.65×1022 Am2. Combination of Mexican data with the available comparable quality Oligocene paleointensity results yield a mean VDM of 4×1022 Am2, which is comparable or slightly higher than the mean \\{VDMs\\} calculated for the Mesozoic low field period, but significantly lower than present day value. This low intensity may correlate with the relatively high paleosecular variation rate invoked around 30 Ma by several authors.

A Goguitchaichvili; L.M Alva-Valdivia; J Urrutia-Fucugauchi; C Zesati; C Caballero

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 2750 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 27­50 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt, Graz, Austria b Mansoura University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, El Mansoura, Egypt c February 2003; accepted 3 September 2004 Abstract The Wadi Mubarak belt in Egypt strikes west­east (and

Fritz, Harald

92

Are energetic electrons in the solar wind the source of the outer radiation belt?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are energetic electrons in the solar wind the source of the outer radiation belt? Xinlin Li,1 D. N in the solar wind are the source of the outer rela- tivistic electron radiation belt. Though there is some the correlation of en- ergetic electrons in the 20-200 keV range in the solar wind and of high speed solar wind

Li, Xinlin

93

A Multi-camera Vision System for Real-Time Tracking of Parcels Moving on a Conveyor Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of designing a vision system for tracking parcels moving on a conveyor belt. After computing parcels dimensions, i.e., length, width and height, at the entrance of the conveyor belt using ...

Hüseyin N. Karaca; Cüneyt Ak?nlar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Green belts in the hands and minds of farmers: A socio-agronomical approach to farmers' practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Green belts in the hands and minds of farmers: A socio-agronomical approach to farmers' practices.alavoine-mornas@irstea.fr ; sabine.girard@irstea.fr Keywords: green belts - biodiversity ­ farmers practices ­ French Alps Abstract of intensive agriculture. In France, this topic is addressed by the "blue and green belts" measure, which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

95

Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, California- Evidence For Two Circulation Cells In The Hydrothermal System Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, California- Evidence For Two Circulation Cells In The Hydrothermal System Details Activities (7) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Seismic analysis and geochemical interpretations provide evidence that two separate hydrothermal cells circulate within the greater Lassen hydrothermal system. One cell originates south to SW of Lassen Peak and within the Brokeoff Volcano depression where it forms a reservoir of hot fluid (235-270°C) that boils to feed steam to the high-temperature

96

San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: San Juan Volcanic Field Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (3) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Colorado Exploration Region: Rio Grande Rift GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

97

Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (11) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: California Exploration Region: Cascades GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

98

San Francisco Volcanic Field Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Francisco Volcanic Field Geothermal Area San Francisco Volcanic Field Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: San Francisco Volcanic Field Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (6) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Arizona Exploration Region: Other GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

99

Palaeomagnetism and Potassium-Argon Ages of Volcanic Rocks of Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Volcanic Rocks of Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania* * Publication authorized by the Director...south-west wall of Ngorongoro caldera, Tanzania. The lowest three lavas are normally...Volcanic Rocks of Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania* C. S. Gromme, T. A. Reilly, A......

C. S. Grommé; T. A. Reilly; A. E. Mussett; R. L. Hay

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Geochronology of Gran Canaria, Canary Islands: Age of shield building volcanism and other magmatic phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forty-six new K-Ar age determinations are presented on whole rock samples and mineral separates from volcanic and subvolcanic rocks of Gran Canaria. The main subaerial shield building basaltic volcanism...3 was c...

I. McDougall; H. -U. Schmincke

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Palaeomagnetism of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T. A. Reilly P. K. S. Raja A. E...from the volcanic province of northern Tanzania, Nature Phys. Sci., 229, 19-20...Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T .A. Reilly Geological Survey of Ireland......

T. A. Reilly; P. K. S. Raja; A. E. Mussett; A. Brock

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Palaeomagnetism of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T. A. Reilly P. K. S. Raja A. E...from the volcanic province of northern Tanzania, Nature Phys. Sci., 229, 19-20...Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T. A. Reilly Geological Survey of Ireland......

T. A. Reilly; P. K. S. Raja; A. E. Mussett; A. Brock

1958-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Volcanism of the Kenya Rift Valley [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Volcanism of the Kenya Rift Valley [and Discussion] B. C. King G. R...Robson R. B. McConnell The Kenya rift valley is a sector of the rift system of eastern...distances of 200 km or more both to the west and east and is broadly centred on the...

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Hydroacoustic detection of volcanic ocean-island earthquakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The finite difference grid is 7 110 km with a mesh...significant seismic monitoring infrastructure to new onsets of volcanism...regional monitoring infrastructure. Acknowledgments...Acoustic Modelling on a Grid of Vertically Varying...Talandier J.,1998. Hybrid numerical modelling......

George Helffrich; Sandra I. N. Heleno; Bruno Faria; João F. B. D. Fonseca

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Account of a New Volcanic Island in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1886 research-article Account of a New Volcanic Island in the Pacific Ocean Wilfred Rowell The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. www.jstor.org

1886-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Visualizing the Aftermath of Volcanic Eruptions Tobias Gunther  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Magdeburg ABSTRACT Volcanic eruptions are not only hazardous in the vicinity of a vol- cano, but also affect to reconstruct and assess the movement of ash clouds. In particular, we shed light on the Gr´imsv¨otn, Puyehue or temperature. Combining individual satellite data into one visual- ization also allows to locate and judge

107

Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt, Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt, northwestern Utah and southern Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt, northwestern Utah and southern Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Cover rocks of the Raft River metamorphic core complex, located in the Sevier belt hinterland, preserve a structural and metamorphic history that predates the middle Tertiary extension of the region. In the eastern Raft River Mountains, Cambrian-Permian rocks form two allochthons that occur in the hanging wall of the mid-Miocene Raft River detachment fault. Dramatically attenuated, metamorphosed Cambrian-Pennsylvanian strata

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - abakaliki fold belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, British Columbia, Canada V8W 3P6 ABSTRACT--Two enigmas concerning the Cape Fold Belt (CFB), part... , and by convergence and the development of a foreland-verging fold and...

109

Measurements and Modelling in the Great Belt: a Unique Opportunity for Model Verification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental studies initiated in conjunction with construction of a bridge across the Great Belt will offer some remarkable opportunities for scientific investigations. In this paper we provide some backgrou...

David M. Farmer; Jacob Steen Møller

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The Electric Field and Waves Instruments on the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Electric Fields and Waves (EFW) Instruments on the two Radiation Belt Storm Probe (RBSP) spacecraft (recently renamed the Van Allen Probes) are designed to measure three dimensional quasi-static and low frequency ...

Wygant, J. R.

111

Distinguishing the Cold Conveyor Belt and Sting Jet Airstreams in an Intense Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strong winds equatorward and rearward of a cyclone core have often been associated with two phenomena: the cold conveyor belt (CCB) jet and sting jets. Here, detailed observations of the mesoscale structure in this region of an intense cyclone are ...

Oscar Martínez-Alvarado; Laura H. Baker; Suzanne L. Gray; John Methven; Robert S. Plant

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

On the Co-Occurrence of Warm Conveyor Belt Outflows and PV Streamers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The co-occurrence of warm conveyor belts (WCBs), strongly ascending moist airstreams in extratropical cyclones, and stratospheric potential vorticity (PV) streamers, indicators for breaking Rossby waves on the tropopause, is investigated for a 21-...

Erica Madonna; Sebastian Limbach; Christine Aebi; Hanna Joos; Heini Wernli; Olivia Martius

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Subaqueous calderas in the Archean Abitibi greenstone belt: An overview and W.U. Mueller a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, physical volcanology, dyke emplacement, and hydrothermal carbonate alteration. These subaqueous calderas-documented hydrothermal carbonate alteration isdiscussed and a newexploration model for calderas is presented Available online 6 January 2009 Keywords: Archean calderas VMS deposits Abitibi belt Volcanology Carbonate

Long, Bernard

114

VP 100: Brevini Wind Factory Helps Rust Belt Town's Economy | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VP 100: Brevini Wind Factory Helps Rust Belt Town's Economy VP 100: Brevini Wind Factory Helps Rust Belt Town's Economy VP 100: Brevini Wind Factory Helps Rust Belt Town's Economy October 5, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Brevini Wind is building a 127,000-square foot state-of-the-art factory in Muncie, Ind.| Photo courtesy of Brevini Wind Brevini Wind is building a 127,000-square foot state-of-the-art factory in Muncie, Ind.| Photo courtesy of Brevini Wind Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Brevini Wind awarded $12.8 million tax credit to build wind gear box plant Company will tap into manufacturing workforce, creating 450 jobs in next two years Faced with a recession and an auto industry that ran out gas, many manufacturing towns in the Rust Belt have reinvented themselves. Some found

115

Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Dictionary.png Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources. Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Sedimentary-hosted volcanic-related resources are special in that the

116

Planar resonant periodic orbits in Kuiper belt dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the planar restricted three body problem we study a considerable number of resonances associated to the Kuiper Belt dynamics and located between 30 and 48 a.u. Our study is based on the computation of resonant periodic orbits and their stability. Stable periodic orbits are surrounded by regular librations in phase space and in such domains the capture of trans-Neptunian object is possible. All the periodic orbits found are symmetric and there is evidence for the existence of asymmetric ones only in few cases. In the present work first, second and third order resonances are under consideration. In the planar circular case we found that most of the periodic orbits are stable. The families of periodic orbits are temporarily interrupted by collisions but they continue up to relatively large values of the Jacobi constant and highly eccentric regular motion exists for all cases. In the elliptic problem and for a particular eccentricity value of the primary bodies the periodic orbits are isolated. The corresponding families, where they belong to, bifurcate from specific periodic orbits of the circular problem and seem to continue up to the rectilinear problem. Both stable and unstable orbits are obtained for each case. In the elliptic problem the unstable orbits found are associated with narrow chaotic domains in phase space. The evolution of the orbits, which are located in such chaotic domains, seems to be practically regular and bounded for long time intervals.

George Voyatzis; Thomas Kotoulas

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Analyses of eight well samples taken consecutively during the flow test showed an inverse correlation between NH3 and Cl_ concentrations. The last sample taken had a pH of 8.35 and contained 2100 ppm Cl_ and 0.55 ppm NH3. Ratios of Na+/K+ and Na+/Cl_ remained nearly constant throughout the flow test. Cation geothermometers (with inherent uncertainties of at least

118

A Pliocene Shoaling Basaltic Seamount- Ba Volcanic Group At Rakiraki, Fiji  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pliocene Shoaling Basaltic Seamount- Ba Volcanic Group At Rakiraki, Fiji Pliocene Shoaling Basaltic Seamount- Ba Volcanic Group At Rakiraki, Fiji Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Pliocene Shoaling Basaltic Seamount- Ba Volcanic Group At Rakiraki, Fiji Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: At Rakiraki in northeastern Viti Levu, the Pliocene Ba Volcanic Group comprises gently dipping, pyroxene-phyric basaltic lavas, including pillow lava, and texturally diverse volcanic breccia interbedded with conglomerate and sandstone. Three main facies associations have been identified: (1) The primary volcanic facies association includes massive basalt (flows and sills), pillow lava and related in-situ breccia (pillow-fragment breccia, autobreccia, in-situ hyaloclastite, peperite).

119

Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown References Cathy J. Janik, Marcia K. McLaren (2010) Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, California- Evidence For Two Circulation Cells In The Hydrothermal System Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Teleseismic-Seismic_Monitoring_At_Lassen_Volcanic_National_Park_Area_(Janik_%26_Mclaren,_2010)&oldid=425654"

120

A Physical Model For The Origin Of Volcanism Of The Tyrrhenian Margin- The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Model For The Origin Of Volcanism Of The Tyrrhenian Margin- The Model For The Origin Of Volcanism Of The Tyrrhenian Margin- The Case Of Neapolitan Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Physical Model For The Origin Of Volcanism Of The Tyrrhenian Margin- The Case Of Neapolitan Area Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The onset of volcanism in the Neapolitan area and the tensile tectonics of the Tyrrhenian margin of the Apennine chain have been related to the opening of the Tyrrhenian Basin, which may have resulted in horizontal asthenosphere flows giving rise, in turn, to crustal distension, local mantle upwellings and ensuing volcanism. Geological and structural data were taken into consideration: the existence of a shallow crust-mantle discontinuity in the Neapolitan area, the onset of volcanism in a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik &  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Surface Gas Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Cathy J. Janik, Marcia K. McLaren (2010) Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, California- Evidence For Two

122

Volcanic, erosional, tectonic, and biogenic peaks on Guyot Summit Plains in the Louisville Seamount Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vol. 23, p. 125-138. Sinton, J.M. 2009. Volcanic Islands. inAustral-Cook Islands [Sinton, 2009]. While these features

Ebuna, Daniel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Political and scientific uncertainties in volcanic risk management: The yellow alert in Quito in October 1998  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volcanic risk management involves volcanologists, civil authorities and the ... 1998. It describes the scientific context, the political announcement and the decision-making process that...

Pascale Metzger; Robert D'Ercole; Alexis Sierra

124

NEP for a Kuiper Belt Object Rendezvous Mission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) are a recently-discovered set of solar system bodies which lie at about the orbit of Pluto (40 AU) out to about 100 astronomical units (AU). There are estimated to be about 100,000 KBOS with a diameter greater than 100 km. KBOS are postulated to be composed of the pristine material which formed our solar system and may even have organic materials in them. A detailed study of KBO size, orbit distribution, structure, and surface composition could shed light on the origins of the solar system and perhaps even on the origin of life in our solar system. A rendezvous mission including a lander would be needed to perform chemical analysis of the surface and sub-surface composition of KBOS. These requirements set the size of the science probe at around a ton. Mission analyses show that a fission-powered system with an electric thruster could rendezvous at 40 AU in about 13.0 years with a total {Delta}V of 46 krnk. It would deliver a 1000-kg science payload while providing ample onboard power for relaying data back to earth. The launch mass of the entire system (power, thrusters, propellant, navigation, communication, structure, science payload, etc.) would be 7984 kg if it were placed into an earth-escape trajectory (C=O). Alternatively, the system could be placed into a 700-km earth orbit with more propellant,yielding a total mass in LEO of 8618 kg, and then spiral out of earth orbit to arrive at the KBO in 14.3 years. To achieve this performance, a fission power system with 100 kW of electrical power and a total mass (reactor, shield, conversion, and radiator) of about 2350 kg. Three possible configurations are proposed: (1) a UZrH-fueled, NaK-cooled reactor with a steam Rankine conversion system, (2) a UN-fueled gas-cooled reactor with a recuperated Brayton conversion system, and (3) a UN-fueled heatpipe-cooled reactor with a recuperated Brayton conversion system. (Boiling and condensation in the Rankine system is a technical risk at present.) All three of these systems have the potential to meet the weight requirement for the trip and to be built in the near term.

HOUTS,MICHAEL G.; LENARD,ROGER X.; LIPINSKI,RONALD J.; PATTON,BRUCE; POSTON,DAVID I.; WRIGHT,STEVEN A.

1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

125

GIS methods applied to the degradation of monogenetic volcanic fields: A case study of the Holocene volcanism of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling of volcanic morphometry provides reliable measurements of parameters that assist in the determination of volcanic landform degradation. Variations of the original morphology enable the understanding of patterns affecting erosion and their development, facilitating the assessment of associated hazards. A total of 24 volcanic Holocene eruptions were identified in the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). 87% of these eruptions occurred in a wet environment while the rest happened in a dry environment. 45% of Holocene eruptions are located along short barrancos (S-type, less than 10 km in length), 20% along large barrancos (L-type, 10–17 km in length) and 35% along extra-large barrancos (XL-type, more than 17 km in length). The erosional history of Holocene volcanic edifices is in the first stage of degradation, with a geomorphic signature characterized by a fresh, young cone with a sharp profile and a pristine lava flow. After intensive field work, a careful palaeo-geomorphological reconstruction of the 24 Holocene eruptions of Gran Canaria was conducted in order to obtain the Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) of the pre- and post-eruption terrains. From the difference between these DTMs, the degradation volume and the incision rate were obtained. The denudation of volcanic cones and lava flows is relatively independent both their geographical location and the climatic environment. However, local factors, such as pre-eruption topography and ravine type, have the greatest influence on the erosion of Holocene volcanic materials in Gran Canaria. Although age is a key factor to help understand the morphological evolution of monogenetic volcanic fields, the Gran Canaria Holocene volcanism presented in this paper demonstrates that local and regional factors may determine the lack of correlation between morphometric parameters and age. Consequently, the degree of transformation of the volcanic edifices evolves, in many cases, independently of their age.

A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez; J.L. Fernandez-Turiel; F.J. Perez-Torrado; M. Aulinas; J.C. Carracedo; D. Gimeno; H. Guillou; R. Paris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Thyroid cancer incidence in relation to volcanic activity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental or genetic factors are sought to explain the high incidence of thyroid cancer in Iceland. At present, it is impossible to cite any environmental factor, particularly one related to the volcanic activity in the country, which could explain the high incidence of thyroid cancer in Iceland. However, the thyroid gland in Icelanders is very small due to the high intake of iodine from seafood. It is, therefore, easier for physicians to find thyroid tumors. Furthermore, genetic factors are very likely to be of great importance in the small, isolated island of Iceland.

Arnbjoernsson, E.A.; Arnbjoernsson, A.O.; Olafsson, A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A multi-camera vision system for real-time tracking of parcels moving on a conveyor belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of designing a vision system for tracking parcels moving on a conveyor belt. After computing parcels dimensions, i.e., length, width and height, at the entrance of the conveyor belt using a stereo camera pair, the vision system ...

Hüseyin N. Karaca; Cüneyt Ak?nlar

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Tellurides, selenides and Bi-mineral assemblages from the Río Narcea Gold Belt, Asturias, Spain: genetic implications in Cu–Au and Au skarns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gold ores in skarns from the Río Narcea Gold Belt are associated with Bi–Te(–Se)-bearing minerals. These mineral assemblages have been used to compare two different skarns from this belt, a Cu–Au skarn (calcic...

A. Cepedal; M. Fuertes-Fuente; A. Martín-Izard…

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Analysis and correlation of volcanic ash in marine sediments from the Peru Margin, Ocean Drilling Program Leg 201: explosive volcanic cycles of the north-central Andes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed investigation of cores from three Peru Margin sites drilled during Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 201 has been conducted to determine the occurrence of volcanic ash layers and ash accumulations within marine sediments along the Peru...

Hart, Shirley Dawn

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

There May Be More Than One Way To Make a Volcanic Lake a Killer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lacustrine environment Lake Nyos limnology Tanzania toxic materials volcanism West Africa...small lake nestled in a volcanic crater in Tanzania. Drawn to the spot from 8 kilometers...of the monsoon season that re-duces solar heating. "It seems like quite a coincidence...

RICHARD A. KERR

1986-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

131

Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period R (2006), Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period histories from ice coring of Greenland and Antarctica over the period 2 to 45 ka, using SO4 anomalies

Price, P. Buford

132

Ensemble Forecasting of Volcanic Sulfur Emissions in Hawai'i Andre Pattantyus and Steven Businger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Hawai'i. The probabilistic forecast products show uncertainty in pollutant concentrations of pollution known as "vog" after volcanic smog. Prevailing northeast trade winds in Hawaii advectEnsemble Forecasting of Volcanic Sulfur Emissions in Hawai'i Andre Pattantyus and Steven Businger

Businger, Steven

133

Submeter bathymetric mapping of volcanic and hydrothermal features on the East Pacific Rise crest at 9500  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of bathymetric changes associated with active volcanic, hydrothermal and tectonic processes. Components: 15Submeter bathymetric mapping of volcanic and hydrothermal features on the East Pacific Rise crest to produce submeter resolution bathymetric maps of five hydrothermal vent areas at the East Pacific Rise (EPR

Whitcomb, Louis L.

134

Explosive volcanic eruptions — IV. The control of magma properties and conduit geometry on eruption column behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......vents in the Sabaloka Couldron, Sudan, Geol. Mag., 108, 159-176...Volcanic eruption clouds and the thermal power output of explosive eruptions...vents in the Sabaloka Couldron, Sudan, Ceol. Mag., 108,159-176...Volcanic eruption clouds and the thermal power output of explosive eruptions......

Lionel Wilson; R. Stephen J. Sparks; George P. L. Walker

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

How will melting of ice affect volcanic hazards in the twenty-first century?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in press), as well as the processes...subglacial eruptions or geothermal activity (e.g...include volcanic/geothermal, glacier-permafrost...as Citlaltepetl, Mexico (lahars; Hubbard...that volcanic and geothermal activity is hastening...at Popocatepetl, Mexico, from 1994 to 2001...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Morphometric Analysis Of The Submarine Volcanic Ridge South-East Of Pico  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morphometric Analysis Of The Submarine Volcanic Ridge South-East Of Pico Morphometric Analysis Of The Submarine Volcanic Ridge South-East Of Pico Island, Azores Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Morphometric Analysis Of The Submarine Volcanic Ridge South-East Of Pico Island, Azores Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A region of crustal extension, the Azores Plateau contains excellent examples of submarine volcanic edifices constructed over a wide range of ocean depths along the Pico Ridge. Using bathymetric data and Towed Ocean Bottom Instrument (TOBI) side-scan sonar imagery, we measured the dimensions (diameter, height, slopes), shape, and texture of these volcanic edifices to further understanding of the geometric development of a submarine ridge. Our analysis and interpretation of the measurement and

137

Flow Test At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Flow Test At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Flow Test Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Water samples were collected during nitrogen-stimulated flow tests in 1978, but no information was provided on sampling conditions. The well was flowed again for the last time in 1982, but the flow test lasted only 1 h (Thompson, 1985). References Cathy J. Janik, Marcia K. McLaren (2010) Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, California- Evidence For Two

138

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Details Activities (5) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. The areas studied were: (1) Salton Trough, (2) The Geysers-Clear Lake, (3) Long Valley caldera, (4) Coso volcanic field, and (5) Medicine Lake volcano, all located in California and all selected on the basis of recent volcanic activity and published indications of crustal melt zones. 23 figs.

139

Modeling-Computer Simulations At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Clarkson &  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Clarkson & Modeling-Computer Simulations At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Clarkson & Reiter, 1987) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Clarkson & Reiter, 1987) Exploration Activity Details Location San Juan Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes In this study we combine thermal maturation models, based on the level of maturation of the Fruitland Formation coals, and time-dependet temperature models, based on heat-flow data in the San Juan region, to further investigate both the thermal history of the region and the nature of the influence of the San Juan volcanic field thermal source on the thermal

140

Isotopic Analysis At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Analysis At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) Isotopic Analysis At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis- Rock At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location San Juan Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Isotopic Analysis- Rock Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Oxygen isotopes. References Peter B. Larson, Hugh P. Taylor Jr (1986) An Oxygen Isotope Study Of Hydrothermal Alteration In The Lake City Caldera, San Juan Mountains, Colorado Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Isotopic_Analysis_At_San_Juan_Volcanic_Field_Area_(Larson_%26_Jr,_1986)&oldid=687474" Categories: Exploration Activities

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

High-temperature deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Ribeira belt, southeast Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-temperature deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Ribeira belt, southeast Brazil^ncias da Universidade de Sa~o Paulo, Rua do Lago 562, Cep: 05508-080, Sa~o Paulo, SP, Brazil b Laboratoire Geologia, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, 35400-000, Ouro Pre^to, MG, Brazil Received 5 April 2001

Bascou, Jérôme

142

Analysis of Heavy Oil Recovery by Thermal EOR in a Meander Belt: From Geological  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Heavy Oil Recovery by Thermal EOR in a Meander Belt: From Geological to Reservoir Energies nouvelles2 INTRODUCTION SAGD will become increasingly important for heavy oil recovery because assessment, well placement and production performance prediction. One of the most famous heavy oil provinces

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

AGRONOMIC ADVANCES IN THE AGRICULTURE OF THE CORN BELT AND THE GREAT PLAINS REGIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...THE AGRICULTURE OF THE CORN BELT AND THE GREAT PLAINS...to conduct the various milling and baking studies using...significant tie-up with the milling interests. In the spring...coopera-tion of the milling interests in the testing...Previous to the placing of corn improvement on a definite...

H. K. WILSON

1944-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

Pitch angle distribution analysis of radiation belt electrons based on Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pitch angle distribution analysis of radiation belt electrons based on Combined Release of pitch angle distributions (PADs) of energetic electrons is performed. The distributions are classified a is the local pitch angle, a profile of the parameter n versus L-shell is produced for local times corresponding

Li, Xinlin

145

Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

Hatzfeld, Denis

146

Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

COLLOQUIUM: Volcanism, Impacts and Mass Extinctions: Causes and Effects |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February 13, 2013, 4:15pm to 5:30pm February 13, 2013, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Volcanism, Impacts and Mass Extinctions: Causes and Effects Professor Gerta Keller Princeton University Presentation: WC13FEB2014_GKeller.pptx The nature and causes of mass extinctions in the geological past have remained topics of intense scientific debate for the past three decades. Central to this debate is the question of whether one, or several large bolide impacts, the eruption of large igneous provinces (LIP) or a combination of the two were the primary mechanisms driving the environmental changes that are universally regarded as the proximate causes for four of the five major Phanerozoic extinction events. Recent years have seen a revolution in our understanding of interplanetary

148

Characterization of Io's volcanic activity by infrared polarimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal emission from Io's volcanic hot spots is linearly polarized.Infrared measurements at 4.76 micrometers show disk-integrated polarization as large as 1.6 percent. The degree and position angle of linear polarization vary with Io's rotation in a manner characteristic of emission from a small number of hot spots. A model incorporating three hot spots best fits the data. The largest of these hot spots lies to the northeast of Loki Patera, as mapped from Voyager, and the other spot on the trailing hemisphere is near Ra Patera. The hot spot on the leading hemisphere corresponds to no named feature on the Voyager maps. The value determined for the index of refraction of the emitting surface is a lower bound; it is similar to that of terrestrial basalts and is somewhat less than that of sulfur. 25 references.

Goguen, J.D.; Sinton, W.M.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

An evaluation of a weight-lifting belt and back injury prevention training class for fleet service clerks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 3142 NS 0. 0323 0. 8390 NS 0. 1181 NS 0. 1606 NS 0. 4043 NS 0. 0703 NS ' Significant at pc0. 05. NS Non-Significant at pe0. 05 8: Belt Group 8&T: Belt & Training Group L: Line(inside/Outside Aircraft) BR: Bagroom C: Cabin Service M...AN EVALUATION OF A WEIGHT-LIFTING BELT AND BACK INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING CLASS FOR FLEET SERVICE CLERKS A Thesis by CHERYL RENEE REDDELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Reddell, Cheryl Renee?

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Warm Conveyor Belts in the ERA-Interim Dataset (1979–2010). Part II: Moisture Origin and Relevance for Precipitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The role of moisture for extratropical atmospheric dynamics is particularly pronounced within warm conveyor belts (WCBs), which are characterized by intense latent heat release and precipitation formation. Based on the WCB climatology for the ...

Stephan Pfahl; Erica Madonna; Maxi Boettcher; Hanna Joos; Heini Wernli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Mass movement-induced fold-and-thrust belt structures in unconsolidated sediments in Lake Lucerne (Switzerland)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass movement-induced fold-and-thrust belt structures in unconsolidated sediments in Lake Lucerne-lying, unconsolidated sediment at the foot of subaqueous slopes. These deformation structures appear beneath wedges

Gilli, Adrian

152

Dropouts of the outer electron radiation belt in response to solar wind stream interfaces: global positioning system observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...radiation belt in response to solar wind stream interfaces: global...Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada We present a statistical study...examined statistically for 67 solar wind stream interfaces (SIs...global positioning system|solar wind| 1. Introduction (a...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A study on the effects of seat belt posters on drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The primary aim of this study was to identify the effects of several posters designed to encourage the use of seat belts on drivers. Discovering the seat belt use habits of drivers and their reasons for failing to use them constitute the secondary aims of the study. In order to fulfill these aims, four different posters appealing to drivers’ safety and normative motivations were designed. The drivers were then asked to choose the poster that impressed them most. Half of the drivers chose the first poster, which drew a parallelism between the casualites of terrorism, earthquake and traffic, as most impressive. The second most impressive poster was the fourth one, which emphasized the link between traffic rules and morality. Female drivers found this poster with a moral message more impressive than males. Another finding of the study was that primary school and university graduates were more impressed by the posters appealing to normative motivation.

Oktay Akba?; Resul Güven; Gonca Cebeci; Seydi Battal Bertlek; Gül?ah Aldemir; Elif Bal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Main-belt comets as tracers of ice in the inner Solar system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a recently recognized class of objects exhibiting apparently cometary (sublimation-driven) activity yet orbiting completely within the main asteroid belt, main-belt comets (MBCs) have revealed the existence of present-day ice in small bodies in the inner solar system and offer an opportunity to better understand the thermal and compositional history of our solar system, and by extension, those of other planetary systems as well. Achieving these overall goals, however, will require meeting various intermediate research objectives, including discovering many more MBCs than the currently known seven objects in order to ascertain the population's true abundance and distribution, confirming that water ice sublimation is in fact the driver of activity in these objects, and improving our understanding of the physical, dynamical, and thermal evolutionary processes that have acted on this population over the age of the solar system.

Hsieh, Henry H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Online monitoring of a belt grinding process by using a light scattering method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Industrially ground surfaces often have a characteristic surface topography known as chatter marks. The surface finishing is mainly monitored by optical measurement techniques. In this work, the monitoring of an industrial belt grinding process with a light scattering sensor is presented. Although this technique is primarily applied for parametric surface roughness analysis, here it is shown that it enables also the measurement of the surface topography, i.e., the chatter marks occurring during the belt grinding process. In particular, it is proven that the light scattering method is appropriate to measure online the topography of chatter marks. Furthermore, the frequency analysis of the data reveals that the wavelength of chatter marks strongly depends on process parameters, such as the grinding speed.

Boehm, Johannes; Vernes, Andras; Vorlaufer, Georg; Vellekoop, Michael

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

156

Rock Sampling At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Sampling At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Rock Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration data, geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify potential drilling targets and sites. Further work may occur in 2004 or 2005. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J.

157

Isotopic Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Isotopic Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Both fluid and gas isotopic analysis. References Cathy J. Janik, Marcia K. McLaren (2010) Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park, California- Evidence For Two

158

Static Temperature Survey At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik &  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Static Temperature Survey At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Static Temperature Survey At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Static Temperature Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes In 1978, the Walker "O" No. 1 well at Terminal Geyser was drilled to 1222 m, all in volcanic rocks (Beall, 1981). Temperature-log profiles made 10

159

Alteration Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Central Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Alteration Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Central Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The volcanic rocks investigated in a cross-section between the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of Nicaragua - with the exception of Recent and some Pleistocene lavas - are incipiently to strongly altered. Alteration patterns on different scales can be discerned in the Tertiary sequences: (i) a regional burial diagenesis or very low-grade burial metamorphism at the low-temperature end of the zeolite facies (mordenite subfacies) with an inferred thermal gradient of < 50°C/km, grading into (ii) a geothermal

160

Formation of Mud-Volcanic Fluids in Taman (Russia) and Kakhetia (Georgia): Evidence from Boron Isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperatures of the formation of mud-volcanic waters are determined based on concentrations of some temperature-dependent components (Na–Li, Mg–Li). Estimates obtained for the Taman and Kakhetia regions are si...

V. Yu. Lavrushin; A. Kopf; A. Deyhle; M. I. Stepanets

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Deccan volcanism, the KT mass extinction and dinosaurs 709 J. Biosci. 34(5), November 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1988; Courtillot 1999). Over the past decade continental flood basalts (CFB) have been correlated be the general cause of mass extinctions. But acceptance of CFB volcanism as the likely catastrophe that led

Keller, Gerta

162

Mantle dynamics beneath the Pacific Northwest and the generation of voluminous back-arc volcanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Pacific Northwest (PNW) has a complex tectonic history and over the past ~17 Ma has played host to several major episodes of intraplate volcanism. These events include the Steens/Columbia River flood basalts (CRB) and ...

Long, Maureen D.

163

Center for Volcanic and Tectonic Studies: 1992--1993 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The annual report of the Center for Volcanic Studies (CVTS) contains a series of papers, reprints and a Master of Science thesis that review the progress made by the CVTS between October 1, 1992 and February 1, 1994. During this period CVTS staff focused on several topics that have direct relevance to volcanic hazards related to the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These topics include: (1) polygenetic/polycyclic volcanism in Crater Flat, Nevada; (2) the role of the mantle during crustal extension; (3) the detailed geology of Crater Flat, Nevada; (4) Pliocene volcanoes in the Reveille Range, south-central Nevada; (5) estimating the probability of disruption of the proposed repository by volcanic eruptions. This topic is being studied by Dr. C.H. Ho at UNLV. The report contains copies of these individual papers as they were presented in various conference proceedings.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

Models for Volcanic Processes in Long Valley California: Testing by Continental Drilling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The occurrence of a local magnitude ML...= 5. 8 earthquake on the Wheeler Crest fault on 4 October 1978 (Fig. 1) signaled the onset of significant seismic activity in the Long Valley, California, volcanic region.

John B. Rundle

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Quaternary Science Reviews 26 (2007) 15291546 Glacial and volcanic history of Icelandic table mountains from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Table mountains, also widely known as tuyas of these distinctive landforms in the Tuya Butte volcanic field in northwestern British Columbia were described

Licciardi, Joseph M.

166

Red Mountain is one of several hundred cinder cones within a swath of volcanic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time to expose their internal features. Although human quarrying creates frequently changing glimpses into a few of the cones in the volcanic field, quarries generally are unsafe for tourists and public access

Torgersen, Christian

167

Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Geothermal exploration in non-volcanic areas must above all rely on geophysical techniques to identify the reservoir, as it is unable to resort to volcanological methodologies. A brief description is therefore given of the contribution that can be obtained from certain types of geophysical prospectings. Author(s): Raffaello Nannini Published: Geothermics, 1986 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Source: View Original Journal Article Aerial Photography (Nannini, 1986) Aeromagnetic Survey (Nannini, 1986) Ground Gravity Survey (Nannini, 1986)

168

Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik &  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) (Redirected from Water-Gas Samples At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010)) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Lassen Volcanic National Park Area Exploration Technique Surface Gas Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Cathy J. Janik, Marcia K. McLaren (2010) Seismicity And Fluid

169

Petrology of clinopyroxene-amphibole inclusions from the roque nublo volcanics, gran canaria, canary islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inclusions consisting of clinopyroxene, amphibole, Fe-Ti oxides and apatitc are abundant in the Roque Nublo volcanics, a unit of Late Tertiary age that is widespread on Gran Canaria Island. The unit includes alka...

T. Frisch; H. U. Schmincke

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Factors Affecting Radiation Dose from a Hypothetical Extrusive Volcanic Event at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the factors that could affect doses to the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) as a result of a hypothetical extrusive igneous event at Yucca Mountain. Based on available information, there is no evidence that most of the spent fuel in waste packages intersected by a volcanic conduit would be reduced to fine-grained material and subsequently erupted as volcanic ash. (authors)

Weiner, R. [U. S. NRC Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste and Materials, Rockville, MD (United States); Coleman, N. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Growth, destruction and facies architecture of effusive and explosive volcanics in the Miocene Shama basin, southwest of Saudi Arabia: Subaqueous–subaerial volcanism in a lacustrine setting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Harrat Shama Volcanic Basin (HSVB) is a part of a small, well-exposed intra-continental extensional basin that formed during the opening of the Red Sea, containing 5 km of Miocene bimodal volcanics and volcaniclastic rocks. The Shama basin accumulated a thick fluvio-lacustrine fill in which two distinct volcanic sequences and their deposits can overlap with each other. In addition, complete facies architectures of the Shama volcanics have been recognized providing a complex mixed siliciclastic and volcaniclastic basin infill in the respective basin where volcanism took place. The lower sequence is composed of hyaloclastites, zeolite-bearing bedded tuffs, and bedded accretionary-lapilli-tuffs and an upper sequence, is made up of pumiceous lapilli-tuffs and peperitic breccias capped by basaltic lava flows. The former is interpreted to have been dominated by discrete, phreatomagmatic fall deposits, which are attributed to an overall high eruption rate in a lacustrine setting, followed by a dominantly subaerial pumiceous lapilli tuff deposits and volcaniclastic sediments sited in the upper part of the basin with paleosols and/or fluvial deposits in between the two sequences. These deposits could be related to polygenetic volcanoes and tectonic structures, such as faults and rift-zones. These two sequences display a complex succession of effusive and explosive volcanisms and their reworked deposits, with abundant evidences of magma–water interaction such as peperites for non-explosive magma–water interaction with the lacustrine water-saturated sediment and standing water body in a lake environment. The difference eruption dynamics and fragmentation mechanisms between the two sequences reflect progressive environmental changes from subaqueous or watery to subaerial or dry. Fluvial erosion and deposition completed the evolution of the emergent marginal part of the Shama basin. The Shama basin then experienced volcano growth and degradation that formed the two sequences; NW-SE-trending basement faulting triggered multiple flank collapses and volcanic debris avalanches, and voluminous pumiceous lapilli-tuff eruptions produced a caldera (upper sequence). Lacustrine conditions persisted during the destruction and post-destruction stages of the volcano's evolution, as evidenced by magma–water interactions. Shama basin is a small-volume volcano, similar to tuff rings; however, its magma compositions, complex eruption styles, and inter-eruptive breaks suggest, that it closely resembles a volcanic architecture commonly associated with large, composite volcanoes. The main cause of such complex eruptive behavior resides in the stratigraphic, structural, and hydrogeological characteristics of the substrate above which the volcanoes were emplaced, rather than on the compositional characteristics of the erupting magma, which do not show significant variation among the different deposits.

A. Abdel Motelib; E.A. Khalaf; H. Al-Marzouki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Geologic evolution of the Jemez Mountains and their potential for future volcanic activity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geophysical and geochemical data and the geologic history of the Rio Grande rift and the vicinity of the Jemez Mountains are summarized to determine the probability of future volcanic activity in the Los Alamos, New Mexico area. The apparent cyclic nature of volcanism in the Jemez Mountains may be related to intermittent thermal inputs into the volcanic system beneath the region. The Jemez lineament, an alignment of late Cenozoic volcanic centers that crosses the rift near Los Alamos, has played an important role in the volcanic evolution of the Jemez Mountains. Geophysical data suggest that there is no active shallow magma body beneath the Valles caldera, though magma probably exists at about 15 km beneath this portion of the rift. The rate of volcanism in the Jemez Mountains during the last 10 million years has been 5 x 10/sup -9//km/sup 2//y. Lava or ash flows overriding Laboratory radioactive waste disposal sites would have little potential to release radionuclides to the environment. The probability of a new volcano intruding close enough to a radioactive waste disposal site to effect radionuclide release is 2 x 10/sup -7//y.

Burton, B.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Revised age for Midway volcano, Hawaiian volcanic chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New conventional K-Ar,40Ar/39Ar, and petrochemical data on alkalic basalt pebbles from the basalt conglomerate overlying tholeiitic flows in the Midway drill hole show that Midway evolved past the tholeiitic shield-building stage and erupted lavas of the alkalic suite27.0 ± 0.6m.y. ago. The data also show that previously published conventional K-Ar ages on altered samples of tholeiite are too young by about 9 m.y. These results remove a significant anomaly in the age-distance relationships of the Hawaiian chain and obviate the need for large changes in either the rate of rotation of the Pacific plate about the Hawaiian pole or the motion of the plate relative to the Hawaiian hot spot since the time of formation of the Hawaiian-Emperor bend. All of the age data along the Hawaiian chain are now reasonably consistent with an average rate of volcanic propagation of 8.0 cm/yr and with 0.83°/m.y. of angular rotation about the Hawaiian pole.

G. Brent Dalrymple; David A. Clague; Marvin A. Lanphere

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Effects of Volcanism on Climate Paul Withers The effects of subaerial volcanism extend far from their source. Long-distance effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at ground level. Mafic volcanic gases can be roughly described as 80% H2O, 10% CO2, 5% SO2, and traces, 1980), El Chichon (Mexico, 1982), Mt. Hudson (Chile, 1991), and Mt. Pinatubo (Philippines, 1991 of the eruption column, having been transported less than 1000 km for any eruptions in the Holocene, or past 8000

Withers, Paul

175

Uranium mineralization in fluorine-enriched volcanic rocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several uranium and other lithophile element deposits are located within or adjacent to small middle to late Cenozoic, fluorine-rich rhyolitic dome complexes. Examples studied include Spor Mountain, Utah (Be-U-F), the Honeycomb Hills, Utah (Be-U), the Wah Wah Mountains, Utah (U-F), and the Black Range-Sierra Cuchillo, New Mexico (Sn-Be-W-F). The formation of these and similar deposits begins with the emplacement of a rhyolitic magma, enriched in lithophile metals and complexing fluorine, that rises to a shallow crustal level, where its roof zone may become further enriched in volatiles and the ore elements. During initial explosive volcanic activity, aprons of lithicrich tuffs are erupted around the vents. These early pyroclastic deposits commonly host the mineralization, due to their initial enrichment in the lithophile elements, their permeability, and the reactivity of their foreign lithic inclusions (particularly carbonate rocks). The pyroclastics are capped and preserved by thick topaz rhyolite domes and flows that can serve as a source of heat and of additional quantities of ore elements. Devitrification, vapor-phase crystallization, or fumarolic alteration may free the ore elements from the glassy matrix and place them in a form readily leached by percolating meteoric waters. Heat from the rhyolitic sheets drives such waters through the system, generally into and up the vents and out through the early tuffs. Secondary alteration zones (K-feldspar, sericite, silica, clays, fluorite, carbonate, and zeolites) and economic mineral concentrations may form in response to this low temperature (less than 200 C) circulation. After cooling, meteoric water continues to migrate through the system, modifying the distribution and concentration of the ore elements (especially uranium).

Burt, D.M.; Sheridan, M.F.; Bikun, J.; Christiansen, E.; Correa, B.; Murphy, B.; Self, S.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Jurassic arc volcanism on Crimea (Ukraine): Implications for the paleo-subduction zone configuration of the Black Sea region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jurassic arc volcanism on Crimea (Ukraine): Implications for the paleo-subduction zone margin. Crimea (Ukraine), a peninsula in the northern Black Sea, represents the northernmost region

Utrecht, Universiteit

177

THE CANADA-FRANCE ECLIPTIC PLANE SURVEY-FULL DATA RELEASE: THE ORBITAL STRUCTURE OF THE KUIPER BELT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the orbital distribution of the trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) discovered during the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey (CFEPS), whose discovery phase ran from early 2003 until early 2007. The follow-up observations started just after the first discoveries and extended until late 2009. We obtained characterized observations of 321 deg{sup 2} of sky to depths in the range g {approx} 23.5-24.4 AB mag. We provide a database of 169 TNOs with high-precision dynamical classification and known discovery efficiency. Using this database, we find that the classical belt is a complex region with sub-structures that go beyond the usual splitting of inner (interior to 3:2 mean-motion resonance [MMR]), main (between 3:2 and 2:1 MMR), and outer (exterior to 2:1 MMR). The main classical belt (a = 40-47 AU) needs to be modeled with at least three components: the 'hot' component with a wide inclination distribution and two 'cold' components (stirred and kernel) with much narrower inclination distributions. The hot component must have a significantly shallower absolute magnitude (H{sub g} ) distribution than the other two components. With 95% confidence, there are 8000{sup +1800}{sub -1600} objects in the main belt with H{sub g} {<=} 8.0, of which 50% are from the hot component, 40% from the stirred component, and 10% from the kernel; the hot component's fraction drops rapidly with increasing H{sub g} . Because of this, the apparent population fractions depend on the depth and ecliptic latitude of a trans-Neptunian survey. The stirred and kernel components are limited to only a portion of the main belt, while we find that the hot component is consistent with a smooth extension throughout the inner, main, and outer regions of the classical belt; in fact, the inner and outer belts are consistent with containing only hot-component objects. The H{sub g} {<=} 8.0 TNO population estimates are 400 for the inner belt and 10,000 for the outer belt to within a factor of two (95% confidence). We show how the CFEPS Survey Simulator can be used to compare a cosmogonic model for the orbital element distribution to the real Kuiper Belt.

Petit, J.-M.; Rousselot, P.; Mousis, O. [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Kavelaars, J. J. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Gladman, B. J.; Jones, R. L.; Van Laerhoven, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Parker, J. Wm.; Bieryla, A. [Planetary Science Directorate, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Nicholson, P. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Mars, G. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Marsden, B.; Ashby, M. L. N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Taylor, M.; Bernabeu, G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2 (Canada); Benavidez, P.; Campo Bagatin, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Ingenieria de Sistemas y Teoria de la Senal, E.P.S.A., Universidad de Alicante, Apartado de Correos 99, Alicante 03080 (Spain)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

The impact of main belt asteroids on infrared--submillimetre photometry and source counts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

> Among the components of the infrared and submillimetre sky background, the closest layer is the thermal emission of dust particles and minor bodies in the Solar System. This contribution is especially important for current and future infrared and submillimetre space instruments --like those of Spitzer, Akari and Herschel -- and must be characterised by a reliable statistical model. > We describe the impact of the thermal emission of main belt asteroids on the 5...1000um photometry and source counts, for the current and future spaceborne and ground-based instruments, in general, as well as for specific dates and sky positions. > We used the statistical asteroid model (SAM) to calculate the positions of main belt asteroids down to a size of 1km, and calculated their infrared and submillimetre brightness using the standard thermal model. Fluctuation powers, confusion noise values and number counts were derived from the fluxes of individual asteroids. > We have constructed a large database of infrared and submillimetre fluxes for SAM asteroids with a temporal resolution of 5 days, covering the time span January 1, 2000 -- December 31, 2012. Asteroid fluctuation powers and number counts derived from this database can be obtained for a specific observation setup via our public web-interface. > Current space instruments working in the mid-infrared regime (Akari and Spitzer Space Telescopes) are affected by asteroid confusion noise in some specific areas of the sky, while the photometry of space infrared and submillimetre instruments in the near future (e.g. Herschel and Planck Space Observatories) will not be affected by asteroids. Faint main belt asteroids might also be responsible for most of the zodiacal emission fluctuations near the ecliptic.

Cs. Kiss; A. Pal; Th. G. Mueller; P. Abraham

2007-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

179

Emplacement of the Moxa Arch and interaction with the Western Overthrust Belt, Wyoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, peeling back the mr? ~nnvc the Triassic detachment and thrust- ing them relatively east, along what we define here as the emergent ancestral Prospect thrust (PT). This geometry yields a locally balanced cross section. The 5. 3 km of shortening... of the section up to the Triassic detachment by the west-verging MT, is equalled by shortening of the rocks above the detachment by the east-verging PT. The PT moved an additional 2. 4 km when thrust belt deformation progressed eastward to the area...

Kraig, David Harry

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United States, I, Regional Variability And Magmatic Origin Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United States, I, Regional Variability And Magmatic Origin Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Helium isotope ratios in gases of thirty hot springs and geothermal wells and of five natural gas wells in the western United States show no relationship to regional conductive heat flow, but do show a correlation with magma-based thermal activity and reservoir fluid temperature (or total convective heat discharge). Gases from high-T (> 200°C) reservoirs have 3He/4He > 2 _ the atmospheric value, with high He

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181

Rock Sampling At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Rock Sampling At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Sampling At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Larson & Jr, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location San Juan Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Rock Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes More than 300 samples were collected from within and adjacent to the Lake City caldera. All specimens consist of single hand samples, approximately 1 kg in size. Care was taken to avoid oxidized or weathered rocks. Twenty

182

Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy In The Jemez Volcanic Field, New Mexico |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rock Geothermal Energy In The Jemez Volcanic Field, New Mexico Rock Geothermal Energy In The Jemez Volcanic Field, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy In The Jemez Volcanic Field, New Mexico Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Large, young calderas possess immense geothermal potential due to the size of shallow magma bodies that underlie them. Through the example of the Valles and Toledo calderas, New Mexico, and older, more deeply eroded and exposed calderas, it is possible to reconstruct a general view of geothermal environments associated with such magmatic systems. Although a zone of anomalous heat flow extends well beyond caldera margins, high- to moderate-temperature hydrothermal systems appear to be restricted to zones

183

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey Map of Part of the Southwest Nevada Volcanic Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-resolution aeromagnetic survey was recently flown to collect data for geologic investigations in the Southwest Nevada Volcanic Field. This survey represents a marked improvement over previous (1999) surveys. The survey includes over 860 km{sup 2} covered by nearly 16,000 km of flightline with 60-m spacing and an instrument altitude of 30 m above the ground surface. Features of interest visible in the dataset include magnetic banding in the volcanic tuffs that form the faulted terrain and sharp delineation of Quaternary basalt cinder cones and lava flows. This 1:100,000-scale map includes a shaded-relief map base and a semi-transparent overlay of the aeromagnetic data, with inset maps illustrating (1) comparisons of detail between the 1999 and 2004 datasets, (2) polarity reversal banding in the volcanic tuff ridges, (3) details of the morphology of Quaternary basalt centers enhanced by aeromagnetic data, and (4) use of GIS in planning the survey.

G. Keating; R. Prueitt; A. Cogbill

2004-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

184

Active System For Monitoring Volcanic Activity- A Case Study Of The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System For Monitoring Volcanic Activity- A Case Study Of The System For Monitoring Volcanic Activity- A Case Study Of The Izu-Oshima Volcano, Central Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Active System For Monitoring Volcanic Activity- A Case Study Of The Izu-Oshima Volcano, Central Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A system is proposed for the monitoring of changes in the underground structure of an active volcano over time by applying a transient electromagnetic method. The monitoring system is named ACTIVE, which stands for Array of Controlled Transient-electromagnetics for Imaging Volcano Edifice. The system consists of a transmitter dipole used to generate a controlled transient electromagnetic (EM) field and an array of receivers used to measure the vertical component of the transient magnetic

185

The Main-Belt Comets: The Pan-STARRS1 Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze 760475 observations of 333026 main-belt objects obtained by the Pan-STARRS1 (PS1) survey telescope between 2012 May 20 and 2013 November 9, a period during which PS1 discovered two main-belt comets, P/2012 T1 (PANSTARRS) and P/2013 R3 (Catalina-PANSTARRS). PS1 comet detection procedures currently consist of the comparison of the point spread functions (PSFs) of moving objects to those of reference stars, and the flagging of objects that show anomalously large radial PSF widths. Based on the number of missed discovery opportunities among comets discovered by other observers, we estimate an upper limit comet discovery efficiency rate of ~70% for PS1. Additional analyses that could improve comet discovery yields in future surveys include linear PSF analysis, modeling of trailed stellar PSFs for comparison to trailed moving object PSFs, searches for azimuthally localized activity, comparison of point-source-optimized photometry to extended-source-optimized photometry, searches for photometric excesses ...

Hsieh, Henry H; Wainscoat, Richard J; Schorghofer, Norbert; Bolin, Bryce; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Jedicke, Robert; Kleyna, Jan; Micheli, Marco; Veres, Peter; Kaiser, Nicholas; Chambers, Kenneth C; Burgett, William S; Flewelling, Heather; Hodapp, Klaus W; Magnier, Eugene A; Morgan, Jeffrey S; Price, Paul A; Tonry, John L; Waters, Christopher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Petroleum geochemistry of Texas and Oklahoma oils from the Marathon/Ouachita fold belt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Marathon uplift of west Texas and the Ouachita Mountains of Oklahoma and Arkansas comprise the surface expressions of a Paleozoic orogenic belt extending across the south-central United States. A century of petroleum exploration in the Marathon and Ouachita exposures has yielded several oil discoveries. In this study, detailed molecular, elemental, and isotopic data are presented for nine Texas oils, five Oklahoma oils, and four Oklahoma solid bitumens, all associated with thrust belt rocks of the Marathons and Ouachitas. Oil-oil and oil-solid bitumen correlations are proposed, and the character of the organic matter in the source rock(s) is deduced from the chemistry of the oils and solid bitumens. All 18 samples are sourced from the same (or very similar) organic matter. This indicates that they are probably cogenetic, despite geographic separations of hundreds of miles. Chemical differences in these samples derive from secondary effects, including biodegradation (e.g., solid bitumens) and differing levels of thermal maturity. The occurrence of unusual chemical compounds (certain bisnor- and trisnor-hopanes) in all samples probably indicates the presence of anaerobic bacteria in the depositional environment. Source deductions from oil chemistry suggest that an Ordovician unit is responsible for these oils and solid bitumens. This conclusion is consistent with previous literature suggesting an Upper Ordovician source for Oklahoma Ouachita oils and supports tectonic reconstructions of the region during Ordovician time.

Curiale, J.A. (Unocal, Inc., Brea, CA (United States))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

OBSERVATIONAL AND DYNAMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MAIN-BELT COMET P/2010 R2 (La Sagra)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present observations of the recently discovered comet-like main-belt object P/2010 R2 (La Sagra) obtained by Pan-STARRS1 and the Faulkes Telescope-North on Haleakala in Hawaii, the University of Hawaii 2.2 m, Gemini-North, and Keck I telescopes on Mauna Kea, the Danish 1.54 m telescope (operated by the MiNDSTEp consortium) at La Silla, and the Isaac Newton Telescope on La Palma. An antisolar dust tail is observed to be present from 2010 August through 2011 February, while a dust trail aligned with the object's orbit plane is also observed from 2010 December through 2011 August. Assuming typical phase darkening behavior, P/La Sagra is seen to increase in brightness by >1 mag between 2010 August and December, suggesting that dust production is ongoing over this period. These results strongly suggest that the observed activity is cometary in nature (i.e., driven by the sublimation of volatile material), and that P/La Sagra is therefore the most recent main-belt comet to be discovered. We find an approximate absolute magnitude for the nucleus of H{sub R} = 17.9 {+-} 0.2 mag, corresponding to a nucleus radius of {approx}0.7 km, assuming an albedo of p = 0.05. Comparing the observed scattering surface areas of the dust coma to that of the nucleus when P/La Sagra was active, we find dust-to-nucleus area ratios of A{sub d} /A{sub N} = 30-60, comparable to those computed for fellow main-belt comets 238P/Read and P/2008 R1 (Garradd), and one to two orders of magnitude larger than for two other main-belt comets (133P/Elst-Pizarro and 176P/LINEAR). Using optical spectroscopy to search for CN emission, we do not detect any conclusive evidence of sublimation products (i.e., gas emission), finding an upper limit CN production rate of Q{sub CN} < 6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} mol s{sup -1}, from which we infer an H{sub 2}O production rate of Q{sub H{sub 2O}} < 10{sup 26} mol s{sup -1}. Numerical simulations indicate that P/La Sagra is dynamically stable for >100 Myr, suggesting that it is likely native to its current location and that its composition is likely representative of other objects in the same region of the main belt, though the relatively close proximity of the 13:6 mean-motion resonance with Jupiter and the (3,-2,-1) three-body mean-motion resonance with Jupiter and Saturn mean that dynamical instability on larger timescales cannot be ruled out.

Hsieh, Henry H.; Yang Bin; Haghighipour, Nader; Jedicke, Robert; Wainscoat, Richard J.; Denneau, Larry; Kaluna, Heather M.; Kleyna, Jan [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu HI 96822 (United States); Novakovic, Bojan [Department of Astronomy, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Abe, Shinsuke; Chen Wenping; Ip, Wing; Kinoshita, Daisuke [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, 300 Jhongda Rd, Jhongli 32001, Taiwan (China); Fitzsimmons, Alan; Lacerda, Pedro [Astronomy Research Centre, Queens University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Granvik, Mikael [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Grav, Tommy [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Knight, Matthew M. [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Lisse, Carey M. [Planetary Exploration Group, Space Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD 20723 (United States); Maclennan, Eric, E-mail: hsieh@ifa.hawaii.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, 602 South Humphreys Street, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States); and others

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Quaternary volcanism, tectonics, and sedimentation in the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, we discuss the regional context and describe localities for a two-day field excursion in the vicinity of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). We address several geologic themes: (1) Late Cenozoic, bimodal volcanism of the Eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP), (2) the regional tectonics and structural geology of the Basin and Range province to the northwest of the ESRP, (3) fluvial, lacustrine, and aeolian sedimentation in the INEL area, and (4) the influence of Quaternary volcanism and tectonics on sedimentation near the INEL.

Hackett, W.R.; Smith, R.P.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Quaternary volcanism, tectonics, and sedimentation in the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, we discuss the regional context and describe localities for a two-day field excursion in the vicinity of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). We address several geologic themes: (1) Late Cenozoic, bimodal volcanism of the Eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP), (2) the regional tectonics and structural geology of the Basin and Range province to the northwest of the ESRP, (3) fluvial, lacustrine, and aeolian sedimentation in the INEL area, and (4) the influence of Quaternary volcanism and tectonics on sedimentation near the INEL.

Hackett, W.R.; Smith, R.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ground Magnetics At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warpinski, Et Al., Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration data, geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify potential drilling targets and sites. Further work may occur in 2004 or 2005. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J.

191

Explosive basaltic volcanism of the Chikurachki Volcano (Kurile arc, Russia): Insights on pre-eruptive magmatic conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explosive basaltic volcanism of the Chikurachki Volcano (Kurile arc, Russia): Insights on pre-Sakhalinsk, Russia d Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia e Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, 117975 Moscow, Russia Received 13 December

Belousov, Alexander

192

Exploring links between physical and probabilistic models of volcanic eruptions: The Soufrie`re Hills Volcano, Montserrat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] Probabilistic methods play an increasingly important role in volcanic hazards forecasts. Here we show stiffening and gas exsolution, and depressurization due to development of permeability and gas escape. Our experience with the Soufrie`re Hills Volcano eruption sequence suggests that volcanic eruption forecasts

Connor, Charles

193

Evidence for explosive silicic volcanism on the Moon from the extended distribution of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reconstruct the abundance of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex on the Moon, using data from the Lunar Prospector Gamma Ray Spectrometer. We enhance the resolution via a pixon image reconstruction technique, and find that the thorium is distributed over a larger (40 km $\\times$ 75 km) area than the (25 km $\\times$ 35 km) high albedo region normally associated with Compton-Belkovich. Our reconstructions show that inside this region, the thorium concentration is 15 - 33 ppm. We also find additional thorium, spread up to 300 km eastward of the complex at $\\sim$2 ppm. The thorium must have been deposited during the formation of the volcanic complex, because subsequent lateral transport mechanisms, such as small impacts, are unable to move sufficient material. The morphology of the feature is consistent with pyroclastic dispersal and we conclude that the present distribution of thorium was likely created by the explosive eruption of silicic magma.

Wilson, J T; Massey, R J; Elphic, R C; Jolliff, B L; Lawrence, D J; Llewellin, E W; McElwaine, J N; Teodoro, L F A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Application of magnetic amplitude inversion in exploration for natural gas in volcanics Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical, and Magnetic Studies, Colorado School of Mines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of magnetic amplitude inversion in exploration for natural gas in volcanics Yaoguo Li basins and have strong remanent magnetization. The appli- cation arises in exploration of natural gas identify the volcanic units at large depths. INTRODUCTION Exploration for natural gas hosted in volcanics

195

THE SIZE, DENSITY, AND FORMATION OF THE ORCUS-VANTH SYSTEM IN THE KUIPER BELT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Kuiper Belt object (KBO) Orcus and its satellite Vanth form an unusual system in the Kuiper Belt. While most large KBOs have small satellites in circular orbits and smaller KBOs and their satellites tend to be much closer in size, Orcus sits in between these two regimes. Orcus is among the largest objects known in the Kuiper Belt, but the relative size of Vanth is much larger than that of the tiny satellites of the other large objects. Here, we characterize the physical and orbital characteristics of the Orcus-Vanth system in an attempt to distinguish discuss possible formation scenarios. From Hubble Space Telescope observations, we find that Orcus and Vanth have different visible colors and that Vanth does not share the water ice absorption feature seen in the infrared spectrum of Orcus. We also find that Vanth has a nearly face-on circular orbit with a period of 9.5393 {+-} 0.0001 days and semimajor axis of 8980 {+-} 20 km, implying a system mass of (6.32 {+-} 0.01) x 10{sup 20} kg or 3.8% the mass of dwarf planet Eris. From Spitzer Space Telescope observations, we find that the thermal emission is consistent with a single body with diameter 940 {+-} 70 km and a geometric albedo of 0.28 {+-} 0.04. Assuming equal densities and albedos, this measurement implies sizes of Orcus and Vanth of 900 and 280 km, respectively, and a mass ratio of 33. Assuming a factor of 2 lower albedo for the non-icy Vanth, however, implies sizes of 860 km and 380 km and a mass ratio of 12. The measured density depends on the assumed albedo ratio of the two objects but is approximately 1.5 {+-} 0.3 g cm{sup -3}, midway between typical densities measured for larger and smaller objects. The orbit and mass ratio is consistent with formation from a giant impact and subsequent outward tidal evolution, and even consistent with the system having now achieved a double synchronous state. Because of the large angle between the plane of the heliocentric orbit of Orcus and the plane of the orbit of Vanth, the system can be equally well explained, however, by initial eccentric capture, Kozai cycling to increase the eccentricity and decrease the pericenter of the orbit of Vanth, and subsequent inward tidal evolution. We discuss implications of these formation mechanisms.

Brown, M. E.; Ragozzine, D.; Fraser, W. C. [Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Stansberry, J., E-mail: mbrown@caltech.ed [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 08544 (United States)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Discovery and Characteristics of the Rapidly Rotating Active Asteroid (62412) 2000 SY178 in the Main Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a new active asteroid in the main belt of asteroids between Mars and Jupiter. Object (62412) 2000 SY178 exhibited a tail in images collected during our survey for objects beyond the Kuiper Belt using the Dark Energy Camera (DECam) on the CTIO 4 meter telescope. We obtained broad-band colors of 62412 at the Magellan telescope, which along with 62412's low albedo suggest it is a C-type asteroid. 62412's orbital dynamics and color strongly correlate with the Hygiea family in the outer main belt, making it the first active asteroid known in this heavily populated family. We also find 62412 to have a very short rotation period of 3.33+-0.01 hours from a double-peaked light curve with a maximum peak-to-peak amplitude of 0.45+-0.01 magnitudes. We identify 62412 as the fastest known rotator of the Hygiea family and the nearby Themis family of similar composition, which contains several known main belt comets. The activity on 62412 was seen over 1 year after perihelion passage in its 5.6 year orbit. 62412 ha...

Sheppard, Scott

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

LANL LDRD-funded project: Test particle simulations of energetic ions in natural and artificial radiation belts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We summarize the scientific problem and work plan for the LANL LDRD-funded project to use a test particle code to study the sudden de-trapping of inner belt protons and possible cross-L transport of debris ions after a high altitude nuclear explosion (HANE). We also discuss future application of the code for other HANE-related problems.

Cowee, Misa [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liu, Kaijun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friedel, Reinhard H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reeves, Geoffrey D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Pacific Moisture Conveyor Belt and Its Relationship to a Significant Precipitation Event in the Semiarid Southwestern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study the term moisture conveyor belt (MCB) is defined as an elongated band of enhanced poleward water vapor fluxes (WVFs) above the PBL that is rooted in the Tropics. This new terminology is illustrated through an exemplary detailed case ...

Peter Knippertz; Jonathan E. Martin

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Warm Conveyor Belts in the ERA-Interim Dataset (1979–2010). Part I: Climatology and Potential Vorticity Evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A global climatology of warm conveyor belts (WCBs) is presented for the years 1979–2010, based on trajectories calculated with Interim ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) data. WCB trajectories are identified as strongly ascending air parcels (600 hPa ...

Erica Madonna; Heini Wernli; Hanna Joos; Olivia Martius

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

Elliott, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Magnetic storm acceleration of radiation belt electrons observed by the Scintillating Fibre Detector (SFD) onboard EQUATOR-S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the 500±67300 km, 4° inclination EQUATOR-S orbit show that the increase of the energetic electron ¯ux of electrons in the outer radiation belt has been attributed to Pc 5 band ULF waves excited by high speed solar wind ¯ow associated with magnetic storms (Rostoker et al., 1998). The main features

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGING BELOW A VOLCANIC CRATER FLOOR WITH COSMIC-RAY MUONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

horizontally-arriving cosmic ray muon with energy of 1 TeV can penetrate 2.6 km of water. Thus, cosmic-ray muon that uncertainty on the shape and amplitude of the energy spectrum of the muon source is within a few percentRADIOGRAPHIC IMAGING BELOW A VOLCANIC CRATER FLOOR WITH COSMIC-RAY MUONS HIROYUKI K.M. TANAKA

Aoki, Yosuke

203

Did the Toba volcanic eruption of $74 ka B.P. produce widespread glaciation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the Toba volcanic eruption, approximately 74 ka B.P., was responsible for the extended cooling period and ice sheet advance immediately following it, but previous climate model simulations, using 100 times a maximum global cooling of 10 K and ModelE runs produced 8­17 K of cooling within the first years

Robock, Alan

204

Resuspension of Relic Volcanic Ash and Dust from Katmai: Still an Aviation Hazard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Northwest winds were strong enough to continuously resuspend relic volcanic ash from the Katmai volcano cluster and the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes on 20–21 September 2003. The ash cloud reached over 1600 m and extended over 230 km into the ...

David Hadley; Gary L. Hufford; James J. Simpson

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Steam Explosions, Earthquakes, and Volcanic Eruptions--What's in Yellowstone's Future?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steam Explosions, Earthquakes, and Volcanic Eruptions-- What's in Yellowstone's Future? U. In the background, steam vigorously rises from the hot Each year, millions of visitors come to admire the hot, such as geysers. Steam and hot water carry huge quantities of thermal en- ergy to the surface from the magma cham

Torgersen, Christian

206

RESEARCH ARTICLE Apparent downwind depletion of volcanic SO2 flux--lessons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Volcano monitoring . FLYSPEC Introduction Volcanic gas emissions play an important role indicate that dry deposition of sulfur from the plume and conversion of SO2 to sulfate aerosols within 5km downwind, and is responsible for the apparent loss of SO2. Due to the importance of SO2 emission

Williams-Jones, Glyn

207

Modeling the Formation of Advanced Argillic Lithocaps: Volcanic Vapor Condensation Above Porphyry Intrusions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predominance boundaries for aqueous S species were converted to RH, using equation 15.6 of Giggenbach (1997): RH = 2.65-12776/T - 1/2 log f O2 , for T in Kelvin. All redox data for volcanic (dark blue) and plutonic (light blue) rocks are based...

Jeffrey W. Hedenquist; Yuri A. Taran

208

Journal of Geodynamics Offshore Oligo-Miocene volcanic fields within the Corsica-Liguria Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Journal of Geodynamics Offshore Oligo-Miocene volcanic fields within the Corsica-Liguria Basin Mediterranean) have been affected by a geochemically diverse igneous activity, offshore and onshore, since to our initial project. Key-Words: Mediterranean, Ligurian margins and Basin, Offshore Corsica, Miocene

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

Constraining Transient Climate Sensitivity Using Coupled Climate Model Simulations of Volcanic Eruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coupled climate model simulations of volcanic eruptions and abrupt changes in CO2 concentration are compared in multiple realizations of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Climate Model, version 2.1 (GFDL CM2.1). The change in global-mean ...

Timothy M. Merlis; Isaac M. Held; Georgiy L. Stenchikov; Fanrong Zeng; Larry W. Horowitz

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A.D. 536 dust veil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A.D. 536 dust veil L. B. Larsen,1 B. M. Vinther,1. [1] New and well-dated evidence of sulphate deposits in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores indicate a substantial and extensive atmospheric acidic dust veil at A.D. 533­534 ± 2 years. This was likely produced

Nicolussi, Kurt

211

Geochemistry of volcanic rocks from the Geysers geothermal area, California Coast Ranges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

source of geothermal energy, is ulti- 0024-4937/$ - see front matter D 2005 Published by Elsevier BGeochemistry of volcanic rocks from the Geysers geothermal area, California Coast Ranges Axel K Potsdam, Germany c Philippine Geothermal, Inc., Makati, Philippines Received 1 May 2004; accepted 25 May

212

Evaporation of Lava and its Condensation from the Vapour Phase in Terrestrial and Lunar Volcanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... appearance to the clouds of white steam from erupting geysers and from heated pools in geothermal areas. The resemblance between the steam clouds and the volcanic clouds is so pronounced ... is little doubt that they are formed by a similar mechanism. It appears that the hot lava has a high enough vapour pressure for appreciable quantities of it to evaporate. ...

BERNARD VONNEGUT; ROBERT K. MCCONNELL; RONALD V. ALLEN

1966-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

213

Using hydraulic equivalences to discriminate transport processes1 of volcanic flows1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico, to distinguish the various modes of transport at play in their genesis. Using the concept11, 1987). Despite the ubiquity of25 such deposits, we only have a crude understanding of their genesis Toluca Volcano, Mexico (Fig. 1).34 HYDRAULIC EQUIVALENCES35 Models of volcanic flows invoke several

Boyer, Edmond

214

Automated volcanic eruption detection using MODIS Robert Wright *, Luke Flynn, Harold Garbeil, Andrew Harris, Eric Pilger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated volcanic eruption detection using MODIS Robert Wright *, Luke Flynn, Harold Garbeil, Harris, & Wright, 2001). Initial research was concerned with the use of high-spatial-, low.g. Flynn Mouginis-Mark, & Horton, 1994; Wright, Flynn, & Harris, 2001), lava domes (e.g. Oppenheimer

Wright, Robert

215

Mechanisms of isostatic compensation of the Zimbabwe and Kaapvaal cratons, the Limpopo Belt and the Mozambique basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......with the values of 60 to >90 km obtained for cratonic areas in Sudan, Zaire and Congo (Ebinger et al. 1989). The Mozambique...Lebombo-Nuanetsi-Sabi volcanics.We would therefore expect a difference in thermal lithospheric structure between the Archaean cratons and the......

O. Gwavava; C. J. Swain; F. Podmore

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Instability of Oceanic Volcanic Edifices: Examples of Sector Collapse, Debris Avalanches, and Debris Flows from Gran Canaria (Canary Islands)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review different types of mass transfer (landslides, debris avalanches, debris flows, turbidites) generated throughout the evolution of a long-lived volcanic island (Gran Canaria) from its emergence at ca. 16 ...

Hans-Ulrich Schmincke; Mari Sumita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Geotechnical Features of the Volcanic Rocks Related to the Arteara Rock Avalanche in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Arteara rock avalanche is developed in the Fataga Group which is related to the first volcanic stage in the Gran Canaria Island (8.6–13.3 Ma)....

Martín Jesús Rodríguez-Peces; Jorge Yepes Temiño…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Mapping of volcanic apron and the upper crust between Gran Canaria and Tenerife (Canary Islands) with seismic reflection profiling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the Volcanic Island Clastic Apron Project (VICAP), south of the Canary Islands, a total of 700 line-km multichannel seismic profiles were acquired. Two prominent reflectors (A and C) were observed alter...

A. Geisslinger; H. B. Hirschleber; M. Schnaubelt; J. J. Dañobeitia…

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The channel between Gran Canaria and Tenerife: constructive processes and destructive events during the evolution of volcanic islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seismic, sidescan sonar, bathymetric multibeam and ODP (Ocean Drilling Program) data obtained in the submarine channel between the volcanic islands of Gran Canaria and Tenerife allow to identify constructive feat...

Sebastian Krastel; Hans-Ulrich Schmincke

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A Preparation Zone For Volcanic Explosions Beneath Naka-Dake Crater, Aso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » A Preparation Zone For Volcanic Explosions Beneath Naka-Dake Crater, Aso Volcano, As Inferred From Magnetotelluric Surveys Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Preparation Zone For Volcanic Explosions Beneath Naka-Dake Crater, Aso Volcano, As Inferred From Magnetotelluric Surveys Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The 1st crater of Naka-dake, Aso volcano, is one of the most active craters in Japan, and known to have a characteristic cycle of activity that consists of the formation of a crater lake, drying-up of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4) 4) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration data, geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify potential drilling targets and sites. Further work may occur in 2004 or 2005. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects

222

Field Mapping At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4) 4) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration data, geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify potential drilling targets and sites. Further work may occur in 2004 or 2005. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects

223

Surface Mercury Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Surface Mercury Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure And Zones Of High Heat Flow In The Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes, Katmai National Park, Alaska Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Surface Mercury Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure And Zones Of High Heat Flow In The Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes, Katmai National Park, Alaska Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A reconnaissance survey of Hg° was designed to model the 1912 Novarupta vent structure and delineate zones of near-surface high heat

224

Application of GIS Processing Techniques for Producing Mineral Prospectivity Maps—A Case Study: Mesothermal Au in the Swayze Greenstone Belt, Ontario, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Geographic Information System (GIS) is used to prepare and process digital ... a variety of ways for producing gold prospectivity maps of the Swayze greenstone belt, Ontario, Canada. Data used to produce these

J. R. Harris; L. Wilkinson; K. Heather; S. Fumerton…

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Synoptic Circulation and Land Surface Influences on Convection in the Midwest U.S. “Corn Belt” during the Summers of 1999 and 2000. Part I: Composite Synoptic Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Midwest U.S. Corn Belt, the 1999 and 2000 summer seasons (15 June–15 September) expressed contrasting spatial patterns and magnitudes of precipitation (1999: dry; 2000: normal to moist). Distinct from the numerical modeling approach often ...

Andrew M. Carleton; David L. Arnold; David J. Travis; Steve Curran; Jimmy O. Adegoke

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Weathering and genesis of volcanic ash-influenced vertisols and vertic-like soils of El Salvador  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weathered Vertisol. Many studies have been done on the clay mineralogy of volcanic ash-derived soils. These soils have considerable amounts of amorphous materials in the clay fraction resulting in properties different from other mineral soils. Literature... on the mineralogy of Vertisols derived from or influenced by pyroclastic deposits, however, remain sparse. The mineralogical composition of volcanic ash depends on the conditions existing at the time of eruptions, the stage of soil 13 formation, the thickness...

Yerima, Bernard Palmer Kfuban

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The Lathrop Wells volcanic center: Status of field and geochronology studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the status of field and geochronology studies of the Lathrop Wells volcanic center. Our perspective is that it is critical to assess all possible methods for obtaining cross-checking data to resolve chronology and field problems. It is equally important to consider application of the range of chronology methods available in Quaternary geologic research. Such an approach seeks to increase the confidence in data interpretations through obtaining convergence among separate isotopic, radiogenic, and age-correlated methods. Finally, the assumptions, strengths, and weaknesses of each dating method need to be carefully described to facilitate an impartial evaluation of results. The paper is divided into two parts. The first part describes the status of continuing field studies for the volcanic center for this area south of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The second part presents an overview of the preliminary results of ongoing chronology studies and their constraints on the age and stratigraphy of the Lathrop Wells volcanic center. Along with the chronology data, the assumptions, strengths, and limitations of each methods are discussed.

Crowe, B.; Morley, R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Wells, S. [California Univ., Riverside, CA (United States); Geissman, J.; McDonald, E.; McFadden, L.; Perry, F. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Murrell, M.; Poths, J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Forman, S. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Comparative analysis of core drilling and rotary drilling in volcanic terrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Initially, the goal of this report is to compare and contrast penetration rates of rotary-mud drilling and core drilling in young volcanic terranes. It is widely recognized that areas containing an abundance of recent volcanic rocks are excellent targets for geothermal resources. Exploration programs depend heavily upon reliable subsurface information, because surface geophysical methods may be ineffective, inconclusive, or both. Past exploration drilling programs have mainly relied upon rotary-mud rigs for virtually all drilling activity. Core-drilling became popular several years ago, because it could deal effectively with two major problems encountered in young volcanic terranes: very hard, abrasive rock and extreme difficulty in controlling loss of circulation. In addition to overcoming these difficulties, core-drilling produced subsurface samples (core) that defined lithostratigraphy, structure and fractures far better than drill-chips. It seemed that the only negative aspect of core drilling was cost. The cost-per-foot may be two to three times higher than an ''initial quote'' for rotary drilling. In addition, penetration rates for comparable rock-types are often much lower for coring operations. This report also seeks to identify the extent of wireline core drilling (core-drilling using wireline retrieval) as a geothermal exploration tool. 25 refs., 21 figs., 13 tabs.

Flynn, T.; Trexler, D.T.; Wallace, R.H. Jr. (ed.)

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Light Curves of Dwarf Plutonian Planets and other Large Kuiper Belt Objects: Their Rotations, Phase Functions and Absolute Magnitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Abridged) I report new light curves and determine the rotations and phase functions of several large Kuiper Belt objects, including the dwarf planet Eris (2003 UB313). (120348) 2004 TY364 shows a light curve which if double-peaked has a period of 11.70+-0.01 hours and peak-to-peak amplitude of 0.22+-0.02 magnitudes. (84922) 2003 VS2 has a well defined double-peaked light curve of 7.41+-0.02 hours with a 0.21+-0.02 magnitude range. (126154) 2001 YH140 shows variability of 0.21+-0.04 magnitudes with a possible 13.25+-0.2 hour single-peaked period. The seven new KBOs in the sample which show no discernible variations within the uncertainties on short rotational time scales are 2001 UQ18, (55565) 2002 AW197, (119979) 2002 WC19, (120132) 2003 FY128, (136108) Eris 2003 UB313, (90482) Orcus 2004 DW, and (90568) 2004 GV9. The three medium to large sized Kuiper Belt objects 2004 TY364, Orcus and 2004 GV9 show fairly steep linear phase curves (~0.18 to 0.26 mags per degree) between phase angles of 0.1 and 1.5 degrees. The extremely large dwarf planet Eris (2003 UB313) shows a shallower phase curve (0.09+-0.03 mags per degree) which is more similar to the other known dwarf planet Pluto. It appears the surface properties of the largest dwarf planets in the Kuiper Belt maybe different than the smaller Kuiper Belt objects. This may have to do with the larger objects ability to hold more volatile ices as well as sustain atmospheres. The absolute magnitudes obtained using the measured phase slopes are a few tenths of magnitudes different from those given by the MPC.

Scott S. Sheppard

2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

230

HIGH-ALBEDO C-COMPLEX ASTEROIDS IN THE OUTER MAIN BELT: THE NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Primitive, outer-belt asteroids are generally of low albedo, reflecting carbonaceous compositions like those of CI and CM meteorites. However, a few outer-belt asteroids having high albedos are known, suggesting the presence of unusually reflective surface minerals or, conceivably, even exposed water ice. Here, we present near-infrared (1.1-2.5 {mu}m) spectra of four outer-belt C-complex asteroids with albedos {>=}0.1. We find no absorption features characteristic of water ice (near 1.5 and 2.0 {mu}m) in the objects. Intimate mixture models set limits to the water ice by weight {<=}2%. Asteroids (723) Hammonia and (936) Kunigunde are featureless and have (60%-95%) amorphous Mg pyroxenes that might explain the high albedos. Asteroid (1276) Ucclia also shows a featureless reflection spectrum with (50%-60%) amorphous Mg pyroxenes. Asteroid (1576) Fabiola shows a possible weak, broad absorption band (1.5-2.1 {mu}m). The feature can be reproduced by (80%) amorphous Mg pyroxenes or orthopyroxene (crystalline silicate), either of which is likely to cause its high albedo. We discuss the origin of high-albedo components in primitive asteroids.

Kasuga, Toshihiro [Public Relations Center, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Usui, Fumihiko; Hasegawa, Sunao [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210 (Japan); Ootsubo, Takafumi [Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Kuroda, Daisuke, E-mail: toshi.kasuga@nao.ac.jp [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 3037-5 Honjo, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Twin-belt continuous caster with containment and cooling of the exiting cast product for enabling high-speed casting of molten-center product  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In continuously casting molten metal into cast product by a twin-belt machine, it is desirable to achieve dramatic increases in speed (linear feet per minute) at which cast product exits the machine, particularly in installations where steel cast product is intended to feed a downstream regular rolling mill (as distinct from a planetary mill) operating in tandem with the twin-belt caster. Such high-speed casting produces product with a relatively thin shell and molten interior, and the shell tends to bulge outwardly due to metallostatic head pressure of the molten center. A number of cooperative features enable high-speed, twin-belt casting: (1) Each casting belt is slidably supported adjacent to the caster exit pulley for bulge control and enhanced cooling of cast product. (2) Lateral skew steering of each belt provides an effective increase in moving mold length plus a continuity of heat transfer not obtained with prior art belt steering apparatus. (3) The exiting slab is contained and supported downstream from the casting machine to prevent bulging of the shell of the cast product, and (4) spray cooling is incorporated in the exit containment apparatus for secondary cooling of cast product.

Dykes, Charles D. (303 Shore Rd., Milton, VT); Daniel, Sabah S. (303 Shore Rd., Pittsburgh, PA); Wood, J. F. Barry (303 Shore Rd., Burlington, VT 05401)

1990-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

Physical and dynamical properties of the main belt triple asteroid (87) Sylvia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the analysis of high angular resolution observations of the triple Asteroid (87) Sylvia collected with three 8-10 m class telescopes (Keck, VLT, Gemini North) and the Hubble Space Telescope. The moons' mutual orbits were derived individually using a purely Keplerian model. We computed the position of Romulus, the outer moon of the system, at the epoch of a recent stellar occultation which was successfully observed at less than 15 km from our predicted position, within the uncertainty of our model. The occultation data revealed that the Moon, with a surface-area equivalent diameter Ds=23.1$\\pm$0.7km, is strongly elongated (axes ratio of 2.7$\\pm$0.32.7$\\pm$0.3), significantly more than single asteroids of similar size in the main-belt. We concluded that its shape is probably affected by the tides from the primary. A new shape model of the primary was calculated combining adaptive-optics observations with this occultation and 40 archived light-curves recorded since 1978. The difference between the J2=...

Berthier, J; Marchis, Franck; Durech, Josef; Carry, Benoit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Integration of upgrading in the production of extra heavy crudes from the orinoco belt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four heavy oil upgrading joint ventures with major oil players are currently being developed by Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA) affiliates. Their objective is to build integrated production-upgrading complexes to transform the low quality heavy oil from the Orinoco Belt into valuable synthetic crude oil (SCO). One of this joint ventures, a partnership between Corpoven, S.A. and ARCO International Oil and Gas Co., thoroughly evaluated the new HDH{trademark} hydroprocessing technology of Intevep, S.A. as an option to upgrade 99 API Hamaca extraheavy crude. This paper summarizes the characteristics and economics of an integrated worldscale production-upgrading complex based on the HDH{trademark} technology as compared to a similar complex based on the well known delayed coking process. It concludes that whenever high liquid yields and/or feedstock cost drives the process economics, HDH{trademark} can compite advantageously with these more conventional technologies. At present, Maraven, S.A., another PDVSA affiliate, is developing the first HDH{trademark} commercial unit, to be built in its Cardon Refinery. It is anticipated that the 100 m{sup 3}/h unit will be in operation by 1998, allowing the demonstration of the process, as well as further optimizations of the scheme, thereby improving its economic competitiveness. 2 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Solari, R.B.; Marzin, R. [INTEVEP, Caracas (Venezuela); Soler, L. [CORPOVEN, Caracas (Venezuela)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

Extreme wind characteristics over Singapore – an area in the equatorial belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Areas close to the equator, e.g. places like Singapore, are outside the belt of severe tropical cyclone. The monsoon winds over these regions are also mild. Thus, strong winds due to these weather systems are relatively less severe. On the other hand, equatorial regions have frequent tropical thunderstorms. Wind speeds of the gust fronts of these thunderstorms can be relatively high. As the wind characteristics for the thunderstorm (TS) wind and the non-thunderstorm (NTS) wind are expected to be different, it is important to understand their contributions and effects towards the wind loading design of structures. This paper looks at the extreme wind characteristics in Singapore. Extreme wind speeds during thunderstorms and non-thunderstorms are studied. The findings show that while extreme TS gust speeds are consistently higher than those of NTS. Extreme mean wind speeds for TS are smaller than those of NTS. It is also observed that gust factors for peak over 10-min mean as well as peak over hourly mean during thunderstorms are both higher than those for non-thunderstorms.

Edmund C.C Choi

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Time-Resolved Near-Infrared Photometry of Extreme Kuiper Belt Object Haumea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present time-resolved near-infrared (J and H) photometry of the extreme Kuiper belt object (136108) Haumea (formerly 2003 EL61) taken to further investigate rotational variability of this object. The new data show that the near-infrared peak-to-peak photometric range is similar to the value at visible wavelengths, \\Delta m_R = 0.30+/-0.02 mag. Detailed analysis of the new and previous data reveals subtle visible/near-infrared color variations across the surface of Haumea. The color variations are spatially correlated with a previously identified surface region, redder in B-R and darker than the mean surface. Our photometry indicates that the J-H colors of Haumea (J-H=-0.057+/-0.016 mag) and its brightest satellite Hi'iaka (J-H=-0.399+/-0.034 mag) are significantly (>9 sigma) different. The satellite Hi'iaka is unusually blue in J-H, consistent with strong 1.5 micron water-ice absorption. The phase coefficient of Haumea in the J-band is found to increase monotonically with wavelength in the range 0.4

Pedro Lacerda

2008-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

236

Fluvial dissection, isostatic uplift, and geomorphological evolution of volcanic islands (Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Digital analysis of torrential gullies (‘barrancos’) deeply incised into the volcanic Island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) allows us to extract the longitudinal profiles and pre-incision surfaces for individual basins, from which morphometric parameters (length, elevation, area, slope) have been calculated. Other derived parameters, such as ridgeline profiles, maximum incision values, volume removed by fluvial erosion, geophysical relief and isostatic uplift, have also been computed. Based on K/Ar ages for the island, well-constrained incision-uplift rates have been calculated by means of the combination of different methodological approaches commonly used in orogens and large mountain ranges. The geomorphological and morphometric analyses reveal that the island is clearly divided into four environmental quadrants determined by the combination of a couple of key-factors: the age of the volcanic surfaces and the climatic conditions. These factors determine a young sector covered with Plio-Quaternary platform-forming lavas (finished at 1.9–1.5 Ma) evolving under contrasting wet (NE) to dry (SE) climates, and an older sector, conserving the residual surfaces of the Miocene shield building (14.5–8.7 Ma) at the ridgelines, also subjected to wet (NW) and dry (SW) climates. Incision is related to the age zonation of the island. Maximum incisions (Gran Canaria. Additional sources of uplift, such as gravitational unloading, lithospheric flexure induced by adjacent islands, and/or volcanic underplating, are required. The theoretical onset of lithospheric bulging beneath Gran Canaria, as exerted by Tenerife, promoted a broad westwards tilting of the former from 3.8–3.5 Ma ago. This overall tilting accelerated fluvial incision, erosional unloading, and, therefore, the sustained differential uplift on the Eastern slope of the island over its last erosional stage. Considering mean uplift rates for the East and West sectors, Eastern values (0.024 mm/yr) are double than those in the West (0.011 mm/yr), supporting the role of lithospheric flexure of adjacent islands as an additional source of uplift. Complex feedback between fluvial unloading, differential uplift, orographic effect, lithospheric flexure, and volcanic underplating, seems to control the geomorphological development of hot-spot volcanic islands, after the gravitational collapse of stratovolcanos during their rejuvenation stage.

Inmaculada Menéndez; Pablo G. Silva; Moises Martín-Betancor; Francisco José Pérez-Torrado; Hervé Guillou; S. Scaillet

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Los Azufres Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(0) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Michoaciin, Mexico Exploration Region: Transmexican Volcanic Belt GEA Development Phase: Coordinates:...

238

Du volcan au sédiment: la dynamique du talus volcanoclastique sous-marin de Gran Canaria, canaries (Atlantique oriental, Leg ODP 157)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Four sites have been drilled in the submarine volcaniclastic apron of the volcanic island of Gran Canaria during the ODP Leg 157. The volcaniclastic submarine apron reflects the volcanological evolution of the island. The main volcanic phases are recorded in the sedimentation by an important contemporaneous clastic influx on the apron. However, periods of volcanic quiescence are characterized by very weak sedimentation rates. Consequently, it is possible to establish a volcanostratigraphy from the sedimentary record of the apron.

Jean-Luc Schneider; Martine Gérard; Hans-Ulrich Schmincke; Philip P.E. Weaver; John Firth; Jesus Baraza; James F. Bristow; Charlotte Brunner; Steven N. Carey; Bernard Coakley; Michael Fuller; Thomas Funck; Patrick Goldstrand; Bernhart Herr; Julie Hood; Richard Howe; Ian Jarvis; Susana Lebreiro; Sten Lindblom; Holger Lykke-Andersen; Rosanna Maniscalco; Guy Rothwell; Joanne Sblendorio-Levy; Mari Sumita; Hidetsugu Taniguchi; Penny Tu; Paul Wallace

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Pesticide use and risk perceptions among farmers in the cotton belt of Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to evaluate pesticide use in rural populations, particularly in developing countries, is urgent. Pesticide use and related risk perceptions were studied among 318 randomly selected farmers from two areas of the cotton belt of Punjab, Pakistan. A total amount of 4875 kg of pesticide active ingredients was reported to be applied by the farmers per annum and most of these active ingredients were classified as moderately hazardous (55%) or highly hazardous (23%) according to WHO classification. The number of pesticide applications per growing season ranged from 6 to 16, with an average of 10 or 11 applications, depending on district. Better-educated farmers were found to spray less. Most farmers (52%) considered the risk from pesticide use to be low, whereas a solid fraction (12%) considered there was no risk at all. To model farmers' behavior on pesticide overuse, a binary probit regression model was used expressing behavior as a function of age, education, level of risk perception, health effects, pesticide toxicity class, and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) training. Irrespective of age, there was a clear tendency towards pesticide overuse, but the probability decreased with IPM training, a high level of education, and use of highly toxic pesticides. Awareness of the high toxicity of a pesticide product tended to discourage overuse. On the contrary, neither the experience of health effects nor the levels of risk perception affected overuse. Farmers were not well informed about correct application practices and safe handling of pesticides. Overall, findings affirm an urgent need for training programs on pesticide use in the study area with the aim of conveying more specific information on health hazards from pesticides that will avert hazardous behaviors of farmers derived from misleading beliefs about pesticide use.

Muhammad Khan; Hafiz Zahid Mahmood; Christos A. Damalas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Origin and formation of neck in a basin landform: Examples from the Camargo volcanic field, Chihuahua (México)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term “neck in a basin” (NIB) landform is proposed for volcanic structures characterized by nearly circular to elliptical open basins, located near the headwater of small streams or drainages, which contain small volcanic necks and/or erosion remnants of one (or more) cinder cones. NIB landforms are typically 400-1000 m in diameter and 30-100 m deep and are invariably surrounded by steep walls cut into one or more basaltic lava flows. NIB landforms lack evidence for a primary volcanogenic origin through either collapse or youthful eruptive activity. In the Pliocene portion (4 – 2 Ma) of the Plio-Quaternary Camargo volcanic field of Chihuahua (México), they are relatively numerous and are best developed at the margins of a gently sloping (3-5°) basaltic lava plateau and near major fault scarps. Mature NIB landforms have ring-like circular drainage patterns and central elevations marked by small volcanic necks and associated radial dikes intruded into basaltic scoria-fall and /or agglutinate deposits. We interpret NIB landforms to be erosional in origin. They develop where a cinder cone is surrounded by one or more sheet-like lava flows from one or more separate subsequent vents. Once eruptive activity ceases at the younger volcano(es), fluvial erosion gradually produces a ring-like drainage pattern along the contact between the lava and the older cinder cone. As a response to a marked contrast in resistance to erosion between lava flows and unconsolidated or poorly lithified pyroclastic deposits, the older cinder cone is preferentially eroded. In this manner, a ring-shaped, steep sided erosional basin, preformed by the scoria cone, is produced; eventually fluvial erosion exposes the central neck and dikes. The volume, relief, and age of the volcanic field are key factors in the formation and preservation of a NIB landform. They form in volcanic fields where lava emissions are sufficiently vigorous to engulf earlier cinder cones. Relief and associated high rates of fluvial erosion play an important role in NIB development, as demonstrated by their locations in the Camargo volcanic field. Fully developed NIB landforms are not found in Quaternary volcanic fields, probably because erosion has not had sufficient time to generate their characteristics features. NIB landforms are also absent in Miocene fields, because erosion has proceeded too far, and thus has completely removed any NIB landform that may once have existed. The Camargo volcanic field is the only major area of Pliocene intraplate eruptive activity in northern México, and the only place where NIB landforms are relatively abundant.

José Jorge Aranda-Gómez; Todd B. Housh; James F. Luhr; Cristina Noyola-Medrano; Marco Antonio Rojas-Beltrán

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

TECTONIC VERSUS VOLCANIC ORIGIN OF THE SUMMIT DEPRESSION AT MEDICINE LAKE VOLCANO, CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Medicine Lake Volcano is a Quaternary shield volcano located in a tectonically complex and active zone at the transition between the Basin and Range Province and the Cascade Range of the Pacific Province. The volcano is topped by a 7x12 km elliptical depression surrounded by a discontinuous constructional ring of basaltic to rhyolitic lava flows. This thesis explores the possibility that the depression may have formed due to regional extension (rift basin) or dextral shear (pull-apart basin) rather than through caldera collapse and examines the relationship between regional tectonics and localized volcanism. Existing data consisting of temperature and magnetotelluric surveys, alteration mineral studies, and core logging were compiled and supplemented with additional core logging, field observations, and fault striae studies in paleomagnetically oriented core samples. These results were then synthesized with regional fault data from existing maps and databases. Faulting patterns near the caldera, extension directions derived from fault striae P and T axes, and three-dimensional temperature and alteration mineral models are consistent with slip across arcuate ring faults related to magma chamber deflation during flank eruptions and/or a pyroclastic eruption at about 180 ka. These results are not consistent with a rift or pull-apart basin. Limited subsidence can be attributed to the relatively small volume of ash-flow tuff released by the only known major pyroclastic eruption and is inconsistent with the observed topographic relief. The additional relief can be explained by constructional volcanism. Striae from unoriented and oriented core, augmented by striae measurements in outcrop suggest that Walker Lane dextral shear, which can be reasonably projected from the southeast, has probably propagated into the Medicine Lake area. Most volcanic vents across Medicine Lake Volcano strike north-south, suggesting they are controlled by crustal weakness related to Basin and Range extension. Interaction of dextral shear, Basin and Range extension, and the zone of crustal weakness expressed as the Mount Shasta-Medicine Lake volcanic highland controlled the location and initiation of Medicine Lake Volcano at about 500 ka.

Mark Leon Gwynn

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Tectonic versus volcanic origin of the summit depression at Medicine Lake Volcano, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Medicine Lake Volcano is a Quaternary shield volcano located in a tectonically complex and active zone at the transition between the Basin and Range Province and the Cascade Range of the Pacific Province. The volcano is topped by a 7x12 km elliptical depression surrounded by a discontinuous constructional ring of basaltic to rhyolitic lava flows. This thesis explores the possibility that the depression may have formed due to regional extension (rift basin) or dextral shear (pull-apart basin) rather than through caldera collapse and examines the relationship between regional tectonics and localized volcanism. Existing data consisting of temperature and magnetotelluric surveys, alteration mineral studies, and core logging were compiled and supplemented with additional core logging, field observations, and fault striae studies in paleomagnetically oriented core samples. These results were then synthesized with regional fault data from existing maps and databases. Faulting patterns near the caldera, extension directions derived from fault striae P and T axes, and three-dimensional temperature and alteration mineral models are consistent with slip across arcuate ring faults related to magma chamber deflation during flank eruptions and/or a pyroclastic eruption at about 180 ka. These results are not consistent with a rift or pull-apart basin. Limited subsidence can be attributed to the relatively small volume of ash-flow tuff released by the only known major pyroclastic eruption and is inconsistent with the observed topographic relief. The additional relief can be explained by constructional volcanism. Striae from unoriented and oriented core, augmented by striae measurements in outcrop suggest that Walker Lane dextral shear, which can be reasonably projected from the southeast, has probably propagated into the Medicine Lake area. Most volcanic vents across Medicine Lake Volcano strike north-south, suggesting they are controlled by crustal weakness related to Basin and Range extension. Interaction of dextral shear, Basin and Range extension, and the zone of crustal weakness expressed as the Mount Shasta-Medicine Lake volcanic highland controlled the location and initiation of Medicine Lake Volcano at about 500 ka.

Mark Leon Gwynn

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Volcanic ash in feed coal and its influence on coal combustion products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Geological Survey and the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research are collaborating with an Indiana Utility to determine the physical and chemical properties of feed coal and coal combustion products (CCPs) from a coal-fired power plant. The plant utilizes a low-sulfur (.23--.47 weight percent S) coal from the Powder River Basin, Wyoming. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of feed coal samples identified two mineral suites. A primary suite (not authigenic) consisting of quartz (detrital and volcanic beta-form grains), biotite, and minor zircon and a secondary authigenic mineral suite containing calcite, alumino-phosphates (crandallite and gorceixite), kaolinite, quartz, anatase, barite, and pyrite. The authigenic minerals are attributed to air-fall and reworked volcanic ash that was deposited in peat-forming mires. The Powder River Basin feed coals contain higher amounts of Ba, Ca, Mg, Na, Sr, and P compared to other analyzed eastern coals. These elements are associated with alumino-phosphate, biotite, calcite, and clay minerals. The element associations are indicative of coal that incorporated volcanic ash during deposition. XRD analysis of CCPs revealed a predominance of glass, perovskite, lime, gehlenite, quartz, and phosphates with minor amounts of periclase, anhydrite, hematite, and spinel group minerals in the fly ash; and quartz, plagioclase (albite and anorthite), pyroxene (augite and fassaite), rhodonite, and akermanite in the bottom ash. Microprobe and SEM analysis of fly ash samples revealed quartz, zircon, monazite, euhedral laths of corundum with merrillite, hematite, dendritic spinels/ferrites, and rounded grains of wollastonite with periclase. The abundant Ca and Mg mineral phases in the fly ashes are related to the presence of carbonate, clay, and phosphate minerals in the feed coal. The Ca- and Mg-rich mineral phases in the CCPs can be attributed to volcanic minerals deposited in the peat-forming mire. Dissolution and alteration of these minerals occurred either in the peat-forming sate or during coalification/diagenesis contributing to the authigenic mineral suite. Additionally, detrital mineral input and epigenetic ground-water flow may have affected the geochemistry of the feed coal.

Brownfield, M.E.; Affolter, R.H.; Cathcart, J.D.; Brownfield, I.K.; Hower, J.C.; Stricker, G.D.; O'Connor, J.T.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Detecting volcanic resurfacing of heavily cratered terrain: Flooding simulations on the Moon using Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Early extrusive volcanism from mantle melting marks the transition from primary to secondary crust formation. Detection of secondary crust is often obscured by the high impact flux early in solar system history. To recognize the relationship between heavily cratered terrain and volcanic resurfacing, this study documents how volcanic resurfacing alters the impact cratering record and models the thickness, area, and volume of volcanic flood deposits. Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) data are used to analyze three different regions of the lunar highlands: the Hertzsprung basin; a farside heavily cratered region; and the central highlands. Lunar mare emplacement style is assumed to be similar to that of terrestrial flood basalts, involving large volumes of material extruded from dike-fed fissures over relatively short periods of time. Thus, each region was flooded at 0.5 km elevation intervals to simulate such volcanic flooding and to assess areal patterns, thickness, volumes, and emplacement history. These simulations show three primary stages of volcanic flooding: (1) Initial flooding is largely confined to individual craters and deposits are thick and localized; (2) basalt flows breach crater rim crests and are emplaced laterally between larger craters as thin widespread deposits; and (3) lateral spreading decreases in response to regional topographic variations and the deposits thicken and bury intermediate-sized and larger craters. Application of these techniques to the South Pole-Aitken basin shows that emplacement of ?1?2 km of cryptomaria can potentially explain the paucity of craters 20–64 km in diameter on the floor of the basin relative to the distribution in the surrounding highlands.

Jennifer L. Whitten; James W. Head III

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION OF TEPHRA FROM A POTENTIAL VOLCANIC ERUPTION AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model report is to provide documentation of the conceptual and mathematical model (Ashplume) for atmospheric dispersal and subsequent deposition of ash on the land surface from a potential volcanic eruption at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This report also documents the ash (tephra) redistribution conceptual model. These aspects of volcanism-related dose calculation are described in the context of the entire igneous disruptive events conceptual model in ''Characterize Framework for Igneous Activity'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169989], Section 6.1.1). The Ashplume conceptual model accounts for incorporation and entrainment of waste fuel particles associated with a hypothetical volcanic eruption through the Yucca Mountain repository and downwind transport of contaminated tephra. The Ashplume mathematical model describes the conceptual model in mathematical terms to allow for prediction of radioactive waste/ash deposition on the ground surface given that the hypothetical eruptive event occurs. This model report also describes the conceptual model for tephra redistribution from a basaltic cinder cone. Sensitivity analyses and model validation activities for the ash dispersal and redistribution models are also presented. Analyses documented in this model report update the previous documentation of the Ashplume mathematical model and its application to the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the License Application (TSPA-LA) igneous scenarios. This model report also documents the redistribution model product outputs based on analyses to support the conceptual model. In this report, ''Ashplume'' is used when referring to the atmospheric dispersal model and ''ASHPLUME'' is used when referencing the code of that model. Two analysis and model reports provide direct inputs to this model report, namely ''Characterize Eruptive Processes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada and Number of Waste Packages Hit by Igneous Intrusion''. This model report provides direct inputs to the TSPA, which uses the ASHPLUME software described and used in this model report. Thus, ASHPLUME software inputs are inputs to this model report for ASHPLUME runs in this model report. However, ASHPLUME software inputs are outputs of this model report for ASHPLUME runs by TSPA.

C. Harrington

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

246

NAME M/YEAR MASTERS THESES TITLES SCOPEL, ROBERT B Jun49 The Volcanic History of Jackson Hole, Wyoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Park County, Wyoming GOSSER, CHARLES F. Jun60 Petrography and Metamorphism of the Star Lake Area of the Keewatin Province, Ontario RUBEL, DANIEL N Apr59 Tertiary volcanic rocks of the Cooke city - pilot peak, Montana BRUEHL, DONALD H. Jun61 The Petrography and Structure of an area North of Cooke City, Montana #12

Baskaran, Mark

247

Lithospheric response to volcanic loading by the Canary Islands: constraints from seismic reflection data in their flexural moat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithospheric response to volcanic loading by the Canary Islands: constraints from seismic reflection data in their flexural moat J. S. Collier1 and A. B. Watts2 1 Department of Earth Sciences suggesting they are the consequence of sediment loading at the Moroccan continental margin. Units III, IV

Watts, A. B. "Tony"

248

On the origin of graben and ridges within and near volcanically buried craters and basins in Mercury's northern plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Mercury's northern plains Andrew M. Freed,1 David M. Blair,1 Thomas R. Watters,2 Christian Klimczak,3 Paul volcanic plains taken by the MESSENGER spacecraft reveal a large number of buried impact craters and basins pooled lavas were thickest, and no graben are predicted within generally thinner plains outside of major

Zuber, Maria

249

Improving clay content measurement in oxidic and volcanic ash soils of Hawaii by increasing dispersant concentration and ultrasonic energy levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Quantifying clay content is a fundamental step in predicting and managing soil behaviors such as nutrient and water retention. However, clay measurements are underestimated when using standard methods of dispersion in soils rich in oxides and volcanic ash-derived non-crystalline minerals. Increasing levels of the chemical dispersant and ultrasonic energy are two simple techniques found to increase dispersion and clay measurements in temperate soils, but their effects are less known for oxidic and volcanic ash soils. In this study we investigated the effects of increasing dispersion concentration and ultrasonic energy on clay measurements for a range of oxidic and volcanic ash soils from Hawaii. While doubling and tripling the standard sodium hexametaphosphate concentration of 0.441 g L? 1 did not increase estimates of clay content, increasing levels of ultrasonic energy up to 1600 J mL? 1 significantly increased measured clay content for all oxide and volcanic ash soils. The response to ultrasonication was dependent on soil carbon, oxide content, and surface charge, with more energy needed to disperse soils higher in carbon, oxides, and positive charge. Scanning electron microscopy revealed damage to the sand fraction in some soils when ultrasonicated, but the extent of this damage was viewed as negligible. Porous sand-sized particles resembling pumice grains were also observed in some soils, suggesting that conventional particle size analysis and clay interpretations may not adequately describe surface related behaviors.

Joshua H.S. Silva; Jonathan L. Deenik; Russell S. Yost; Gregory L. Bruland; Susan E. Crow

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Crustal structure of the rifted volcanic margins and uplifted plateau of Western Yemen from receiver function analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Besse J. On causal links between flood basalts and continental breakup. Earth...Ebinger C.J., Baker J., eds. (2002) Boulder, CO. 1-14. Vol 362. Milkereit B...chrono-stratigraphy of pre- and syn-rift bimodal flood volcanism in Ethiopia and Yemen. Earth......

Abdulhakim Ahmed; Christel Tiberi; Sylvie Leroy; Graham W. Stuart; Derek Keir; Jamal Sholan; Khaled Khanbari; Ismael Al-Ganad; Clémence Basuyau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

International Polar Year (IPY) Student Traineeships: Investigation of the impact of western arctic volcanic eruption on weather and climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

if the eruptions are not very large. Four aspects of volcanic eruptions on local weather were explored: 1) heat of the four aspects has the greatest impact on local weather during an eruption. Evaluation with observational data was performed to assess whether routine Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model data can

Moelders, Nicole

252

ELSEVIER Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 152 (1999) 283303 Sedimentary cycles and volcanic ash beds in the Lower Pliocene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract A high-resolution cyclostratigraphy for the rhythmically bedded lignite­marl sequences volcanic ash beds. Detailed field reconnaissance in three open-pit lignite mines reveals three end-member sediment types: lignites, composed primarily of organic material; grey marls, a mixture of carbonate

Utrecht, Universiteit

253

Source of the great A.D. 1257 mystery eruption unveiled, Samalas volcano, Rinjani Volcanic Complex, Indonesia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...volume of the mapped deposit, as well as an estimation (by extrapolation to...history of El Chichon Volcano, Mexico . Geofis Int 48 ( 1 ): 97...volcanics as a heat sources of geothermal prospects fron eastern Lombok...includes counting uncertainty as well as the scatter of standards and...

Franck Lavigne; Jean-Philippe Degeai; Jean-Christophe Komorowski; Sébastien Guillet; Vincent Robert; Pierre Lahitte; Clive Oppenheimer; Markus Stoffel; Céline M. Vidal; Surono; Indyo Pratomo; Patrick Wassmer; Irka Hajdas; Danang Sri Hadmoko; Edouard de Belizal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Hydrochemical features of a geothermal test well iin a volcanic caldera, MT. Pinatubo, Phillipines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mt. Pinatubo is one of several recent-age volcanoes along the west Luzon volcanic arc. A fumarole near the suminit emits gases with magmatic characteristics. Several thermal springs on the east and west flanks yield various fluid typos, including neutral chloride and bicarbonate. Three wellbores probed the Mt. Pinatubo caldera from elevations of +1230 through -1600 mRSL. Trajectories may be described as: central, crossing a boundary wall from the inside, and skirting a wall [probably] on the inside. Brine discharges indicate severe evapo-concentration effects accompanied by other phenomena. Severity of evapo-concentration indicates low fluid mobility near the wellbores. Large variations for ratios of component concentrations were observed, indicating negligible natural circulation (mixing). Implications about fluid movements and heat transfer processes are explored. Three components of steam can be quantified and all are significant: separate entry, adiabatic boiling, and boiling by rock heat.

Michels, D.E.; Clemente, V.C.; Ramos, M.N.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Long-term desorption behavior of uranium and neptunium in heterogeneous volcanic tuff materials /  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium and neptunium desorption were studied in long-term laboratory experiments using four well-characterized volcanic tuff cores collected from southeast of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The objectives of the experiments were to 1. Demonstrate a methodology aimed at characterizing distributions of sorption parameters (attributes of multiple sorption sites) that can be applied to moderately-sorbing species in heterogeneous systems to provide more realistic reactive transport parameters and a more realistic approach to modeling transport in heterogeneous systems. 2. Focus on uranium and neptunium because of their high solubility, relatively weak sorption, and high contributions to predicted dose in Yucca Mountain performance assessments. Also, uranium is a contaminant of concern at many DOE legacy sites and uranium mining sites.

Dean, Cynthia A.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

As May approaches, cotton planting is generally 25% com-plete across the Belt. California and Arizona lead the way as  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As May approaches, cotton planting is generally 25% com- plete across the Belt. California.do?documentID=1048. Cotton planting in Texas will range from as early to as late as any other state in the nation the planters in the field. Extension Cotton Specialists preach that planting early does not neces- sarily

Mukhtar, Saqib

257

Reproducing MEES Is Strictly Prohibited MEES 47:11 15 March 2004 The Value Of Extra-Heavy Crude Oil From The Orinoco Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Petrolífera del Orinoco) began in 1920 but with disappointing re- sults: the oil discovered was too heavy was made in 1956-57, which led to up to 20,000 b/d of heavy oil put into production, and at this point conjectures, explorations revealed that the Belt mainly contained `heavy' oil ­ according to the present day

O'Donnell, Tom

258

Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions Tim Griffis1, Xuhui Lee2, John Baker3, Peter, but mitigation strategies have been limited by the large uncertainties in both direct and indirect emission

Minnesota, University of

259

Seismic data, geometry, evolution, and shortening in the active Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt of Pakistan, southwest of the Himalayas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite its long history of exploration, the Sulaiman fold and thrust belt is a poorly known structure and detailed structural and geochemical investigations are vital for the successful exploration, evaluation and exploitation of any hydrocarbons. Recent nappe and duplex structural models provide a framework for exploration. Surface and subsurface data from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt are integrated to analyze the deep structure, tectonic, shortening, and kinematics of the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt at the western margin of the Indian subcontinent. Seismic reflection data show that nearly all the 10-km-thick sequence of dominantly platform (>7 km) and molasse strata is detached at the deformation front. The strata thicken tectonically to about 20 km in the hinterland without significant thrust faults in the foreland. A balanced structural cross-section suggests that structural uplift in the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt is a result of a thin-skinned, passive-roof duplex style of deformation. Sequential restoration of the balanced section reveals a series of structural and geometrical features including: (1) development of low-amplitude, broad concentric folds at the tip of the decollement; (2) increase in amplitude of a detachment fold to a critical level for development of ramp and duplex structures; and (3) out-of-sequence thrusting to create required critical taper for an outward translation of the foreland fold-and-thrust belt. A balanced structural cross-section 349 km long from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt restores to an original length of 727 km, suggesting a maximum of 378 km of shortening since 21 Ma in the cover strata of the Indian subcontinent. Calculation of displacement rates over the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt (18 mm/yr) added to the resolved rate of the Chaman fault vector for the component parallel to the plate convergence direction (15 mm/yr) are close to the current India-Asia plate convergence rate (37 mm/yr). 68 refs., 13 figs.

Jadoon, I.A.K. (Quaid-i-Azam Univ., Islamabad (Panama)); Lawrence, R.D.; Lillie, R.J. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Petroleum geochemistry of Texas and Oklahoma oils along the Marathon—Ouachita fold-thrust belt, south-central U.S.A.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Marathon uplifit of west Texas and the Ouachita Mountains of Oklahoma and Arkansas comprise the surface expressions of a Paleozoic orogenic belt extending across the south-central U.S.A. A century of petroleum exploration in the Marathons and Ouachitas has yielded several oil discoveries. In this study, detailed molecular, elemental and isotopic data are presented for 9 Texas oils, 5 Oklahoma oils and 4 Oklahoma solid bitumens, all associated with thrust belt rocks of west Texas and southeast Oklahoma. Oil-oil correlations are proposed, and the character of the organic matter in the source rock(s) is inferred from knowledge of the oil chemistry. At least 16 of the 18 Marathon-Ouachita fold-thrust belt oils/solid bitumens originate from the same (or very similar) organic facies, despite a geographic separation along the fold-thrust belt of > 700 mi (? 1125 km). Many of the chemical differences in these samples derive from secondary effects, including biodegradation (e.g., solid bitumens) and differing levels of thermal maturity. The occurrence of unusual chemical compounds (e.g., 25,28,30-trisnorhopane) in some samples indicates the presence of anaerobic bacteria in isolated locales during deposition. Isotopic variability, when interpreted in light of near-constant molecular composition in the oils and an extensive period of early Paleozoic “starved trough” source-rock deposition, implies that these oils originate from rocks of similar organic facies, with source-rock ages ranging from Devonian through Ordovician. Previous literature suggests either a Devonian or an Ordovician source for these oils; molecular and isotopic data of the present study do not allow a distinction to be made. These results, when interpreted in terms of depositional patterns during early Paleozoic time, suggest that oil source rocks and the Marathon-Ouachita fold-thrust belt oil type may be present in the subsurface of central and east-central Texas.

Joseph A. Curiale

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Effects of Volcanism, Crustal Thickness, and Large Scale Faulting on the Development and Evolution of Geothermal Systems: Collaborative Project in Chile  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Effects of Volcanism, Crustal Thickness, and Large Scale Faulting on the Development and Evolution of Geothermal Systems: Collaborative Project in Chile presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

262

Center for volcanic and tectonic studies, Department of Geoscience, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV. Annual report No. 69, October 1, 1991--September 30, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The annual report of the Center for Volcanic and Tectonic Studies (CVTS) contains a series of papers, maps, and reprints that review the progress made by the CVTS between October 1, 1991 and December 31, 1992. During this period CVTS staff focused on several topics that had direct relevance to volcanic hazards related to the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These topics included: (1) The role of the mantle during regional extension. (2) The structural controls and emplacement mechanisms of Pliocene/Quaternary basaltic centers and dikes. (3) The detailed geochemistry of individual volcanic centers in Crater Flat, Nevada. (4) Estimating the probability of disruption of the proposed repository by volcanic eruption (this topic is being studied by Dr. C-H. Ho at UNLV).

Smith, E.I.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

P-Wave Residual Differences and Inferences on an Upper Mantle Source for the Silent Canyon Volcanic Centre, Southern Great Basin, Nevada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Canyon volcanic centre of the Nevada Test Site have been reduced by corresponding...1968. Geologic setting of Nevada Test Site and Neliis Air Force Range...comparison of the Lake Superior and Nevada Test Site source regions, Seism. Data......

William Spence

1974-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Naturally occurring heavy radioactive elements in the geothermal microcosm of the Los Azufres (Mexico) volcanic complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Los Azufres geothermal complex of central Mexico is characterized by fumaroles and boiling hot-springs. The fumaroles form habitats for extremophilic mosses and ferns. Physico-chemical measurements of two relatively pristine fumarolic microcosms point to their resemblance with the paleo-environment of earth during the Ordovician and Devonian periods. These geothermal habitats were analysed for the distribution of elemental mass fractions in the rhizospheric soil (RS), the native volcanic substrate (VS) and the sediments (S), using the new high-sensitivity technique of polarized x-ray energy dispersive fluorescence spectrometry (PEDXRF) as well as instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) for selected elements. This work presents the results for the naturally occurring heavy radioactive elements (NOHRE) Bi, Th and U but principally the latter two. For the RS, the density was found to be the least and the total organic matter content the most. Bi was found to be negligibly present in all substrate types. The average Th and U mass fractions in the RS were higher than in the VS and about equal to their average mass fractions in the S. The VS mass fraction of Th was higher, and of U lower, than the mass fractions in the earth's crust. In fact for the fumaroles of one site, the average RS mass fractions of these elements were higher than the averaged values for S (without considering the statistical dispersion). The immobilization of the NOHRE in the RS is brought about by the bio-geochemical processes specific to these extremophiles. Its effectiveness is such that despite the small masses of these plants, it compares with, or may sometimes exceed, the immobilization of the NOHRE in the S by the abiotic and aggressive chemical action of the hot-springs. These results indicate that the fumarolic plants are able to transform the volcanic substrate to soil and to affect the NOHRE mass fractions even though these elements are not plant nutrients. Mirrored back to the paleo times when such plant types were ubiquitous, it would mean that the first plants contributed significantly to pedogenesis and the biogeochemical recycling of even the heaviest and radioactive elements. Such plants may potentially be useful for the phytostabilisation of soil moderately contaminated by the NOHRE. Furthermore where applicable, geochronology may require taking into account the influence of the early plants on the NOHRE distributions.

W.A. Abuhani; N. Dasgupta-Schubert; L.M. Villaseñor; D. García Avila; L. Suárez; C. Johnston; S.E. Borjas; S.A. Alexander; S. Landsberger; M.C. Suárez

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Factors controlling the morphology of monogenetic basaltic volcanoes: The Holocene volcanism of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed morphometric analysis was performed on the 24 Holocene eruptions of Gran Canaria, a nearly circular island located at the centre of the Canary Islands (Spain), developed as result of the eastward movement of the African plate over a mantle hotspot. Rigorous field work was carried out to generate a palaeogeomorphological reconstruction of the Holocene eruptions of Gran Canaria to obtain pre- and post-eruption digital terrain models (DTMs). These eruptions were of Strombolian monogenetic basaltic volcanism style. With respect to the cones, feeder fissures determine their location and some morphological features as crater openings which are usually perpendicular to the slope direction. In addition, the trade winds influence the final volcanic edifice shape and the extent of the pyroclastic sheet-like fall deposits. For the lava flows, the most significant controls are the eruption rate, affecting the maximum distance travelled, and the gully slope and shape that condition their flow path. Concerning volcanic hazard and risk assessment, the applied methodology has led to a better understanding of the recent eruptions and foresees the location and nature of future eruptions.

A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez; J.L. Fernandez-Turiel; F.J. Perez-Torrado; R. Paris; D. Gimeno; J.C. Carracedo; M. Aulinas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Late Jurassic extension in the Bisbee basin: Marine and volcanic strata of the Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Upper Jurassic strata in the northeastern Chiricahua Mountains provide unambiguous stratigraphic and geographic links between the Chihuahua trough of north-central Mexico and the Bisbee basin of southeastern Arizona. Approximately 1,800 m of limestone, shale, and mafic volcanic rocks overlie the Glance Conglomerate and underlie fluvial redbeds of the Lower Cretaceous Morita Formation. Basal strata are alluvial-fan and sabkha deposits. A thick (150 m), ammonite-bearing black shale interval above the sabkha deposits indicates an abrupt increase of water depths; deepening was accompanied initially by emplacement of subaerial basalt flows and subsequently by deposition of basaltic tuff and pillow lava. Ammonites are present both below and above the tuff and indicate its exclusively subaqueous origin. Arkosic deltaic deposits above the tuff were derived from Precambrian rocks of the footwall block to the northeast. At least 200 m of mafic subaerial flows, previously regarded as mid-Tertiary, overlie the deltaic deposits. The existence of a depleted mantle source beneath the Bisbee basin at 150 Ma suggests a unique tectonic setting that combined backarc and Gulf of Mexico extension.

Lawton, T.F.; McMillan, N.J. (New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)); Cameron, K.L. (Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Earth Sciences Board)

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Analysis of fractures in volcanic cores from Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS), located in Nye County, southern Nevada, was the location of 828 announced underground nuclear tests, conducted between 1951 and 1992. Approximately one-third of these tests were detonated near or below the water table. An unavoidable consequence of these testing activities was introducing radionuclides into the subsurface environment, impacting groundwater. Groundwater flows beneath the NTS almost exclusively through interconnected natural fractures in carbonate and volcanic rocks. Information about these fractures is necessary to determine hydrologic parameters for future Corrective Action Unit (CAU)-specific flow and transport models which will be used to support risk assessment calculations for the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) Underground Test Area (UGTA) remedial investigation. Fracture data are critical in reducing the uncertainty of the predictive capabilities of CAU-specific models because of their usefulness in generating hydraulic conductivity values and dispersion characteristics used in transport modeling. Specifically, fracture aperture and density (spacing) are needed to calculate the permeability anisotropy of the formations. Fracture mineralogy information is used qualitatively to evaluate diffusion and radionuclide retardation potential in transport modeling. All these data can best be collected through examination of core samples.

Drellack, S.L. Jr.; Prothro, L.B.; Roberson, K.E. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Predicting and validating the tracking of a Volcanic Ash Cloud during the 2006 Eruption of Mt. Augustine Volcano  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On 11 January 2006, Mount Augustine volcano in southern Alaska began erupting after 20-year repose. The Anchorage Forecast Office of the National Weather Service (NWS) issued an advisory on 28 January for Kodiak City. On 31 January, Alaska Airlines cancelled all flights to and from Anchorage after multiple advisories from the NWS for Anchorage and the surrounding region. The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) had reported the onset of the continuous eruption. AVO monitors the approximately 100 active volcanoes in the Northern Pacific. Ash clouds from these volcanoes can cause serious damage to an aircraft and pose a serious threat to the local communities, and to transcontinental air traffic throughout the Arctic and sub-Arctic region. Within AVO, a dispersion model has been developed to track the dispersion of volcanic ash clouds. The model, Puff, was used operational by AVO during the Augustine eruptive period. Here, we examine the dispersion of a volcanic ash cloud from Mount Augustine across Alaska from 29 January through the 2 February 2006. We present the synoptic meteorology, the Puff predictions, and measurements from aerosol samplers, laser radar (or lidar) systems, and satellites. UAF aerosol samplers revealed the presence of volcanic aerosols at the surface at sites where Puff predicted the ash clouds movement. Remote sensing satellite data showed the development of the ash cloud in close proximity to the volcano and a sulfur-dioxide cloud further from the volcano consistent with the Puff predictions. Lidars showed the presence of volcanic aerosol with consistent characteristics aloft over Alaska and were capable of detecting the aerosol, even in the presence of scattered clouds and where the cloud is too thin/disperse to be detected by remote sensing satellite data. The lidar measurements revealed the different trajectories of ash consistent with the Puff predictions. Dispersion models provide a forecast of volcanic ash cloud movement that might be undetectable by any other means but are still a significant hazard. Validation is the key to assessing the accuracy of any future predictions. The study highlights the use of multiple and complementary observations used in detecting the trajectory ash cloud, both at the surface and aloft within the atmosphere.

Webley, Peter W.; Atkinson, D.; Collins, Richard L.; Dean, K.; Fochesatto, J.; Sassen, Kenneth; Cahill, Catherine F.; Prata, A.; Flynn, Connor J.; Mizutani, K.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF WISE/NEOWISE 3-BAND CRYOGENIC AND POST-CRYOGENIC OBSERVATIONS OF MAIN BELT ASTEROIDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present preliminary diameters and albedos for 13511 Main Belt asteroids (MBAs) that were observed during the 3-Band Cryo phase of the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE; after the outer cryogen tank was exhausted) and as part of the NEOWISE Post-Cryo Survey (after the inner cryogen tank was exhausted). With a reduced or complete loss of sensitivity in the two long wavelength channels of WISE, the uncertainty in our fitted diameters and albedos is increased to {approx}20% for diameter and {approx}40% for albedo. Diameter fits using only the 3.4 and 4.6 {mu}m channels are shown to be dependent on the literature optical H absolute magnitudes. These data allow us to increase the number of size estimates for large MBAs which have been identified as members of dynamical families. We present thermal fits for 14 asteroids previously identified as the parents of a dynamical family that were not observed during the fully cryogenic mission.

Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Bauer, J. M.; Cabrera, M. S. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., MS 321-520, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Grav, T. [Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Cutri, R. M. [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Nugent, C., E-mail: Joseph.Masiero@jpl.nasa.gov [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

DETERMINATION OF AN UPPER LIMIT FOR THE WATER OUTGASSING RATE OF MAIN-BELT COMET P/2012 T1 (PANSTARRS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new Main-Belt Comet (MBC) P/2012 T1 (PANSTARRS) was discovered on 2012 October 6, approximately one month after its perihelion, by the Pan-STARRS1 survey based in Hawaii. It displayed cometary activity upon its discovery with one hypothesis being that the activity was driven by sublimation of ices; as a result, we searched for emission assumed to be driven by the sublimation of subsurface ices. Our search was of the H{sub 2}O 1{sub 10}-1{sub 01} ground state rotational line at 557 GHz from P/2012 T1 (PANSTARRS) with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared on board the Herschel Space Observatory on 2013 January 16, when the object was at a heliocentric distance of 2.504 AU and a geocentric distance of 2.064 AU. Perihelion was in early 2012 September at a distance of 2.411 AU. While no H{sub 2}O line emission was detected in our observations, we were able to derive sensitive 3{sigma} upper limits for the water production rate and column density of <7.63 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 25} molecules s{sup -1} and of <1.61 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} cm{sup -2}, respectively. An observation taken on 2013 January 15 using the Very Large Telescope found the MBC to be active during the Herschel observation, suggesting that any ongoing sublimation due to subsurface ice was lower than our upper limit.

O'Rourke, L.; Teyssier, D.; Kueppers, M. [European Space Astronomy Centre, ESAC, Villanueva de la Canada, E-28691 Madrid (Spain); Snodgrass, C.; De Val-Borro, M.; Hartogh, P. [Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max-Planck-Str. 2, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Biver, N.; Bockelee-Morvan, D. [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Universite Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon (France); Hsieh, H.; Micheli, M. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Fernandez, Y., E-mail: lorourke@esa.int [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Geology, geochemistry, and geochronology of volcanic rocks between Cuauhtemoc and La Junta, central Chihuahua, Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1200 km/sup 2/ area of this study straddles the boundary between the Sierra Madre Occidental and Basin and Range physiographic provinces and contains three north-northwest trending, block-faulted mountain ranges. The stratigraphy includes a 200 m thick sequence of ash-flow tuffs with subordinate mafic flows that either overlie or are interlayered with the ash-flow tuffs. This sequence overlies an approximately equal thickness of rhyolitic to dacitic flows and tuffs. At the base of the section occurs a distinctly different and thinner (about 50 m thick) sequence of flows, tuffs, and volcaniclastic sediments that is more nearly intermediate in average composition. The volcanic rocks of this study are primarily mafic and felsic with a bimodal distribution of Rb, Sr, and SiO/sub 2/ concentrations and other chemical parameters. The two modes have similar and overlapping ranges of initial /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios. Trace-element and major-element data generally support magmatic fractional crystallization as an important mechanism within each mode. Chemical trends within mafic rocks can be generated by 20 to 40% fractional crystallization of plagioclase and clinopyroxene (70:30 mixture). However, the formation of rhyolite or dacite from mafic rock requires implausible amounts of fractional crystallization of any proposed phenocryst assemblage, and thus the felsic rocks do not appear to be related to the mafic rocks by this mechanism. Most rhyolites of this study can form from dacitic liquid by 10 to 40% fractional crystallization of plagioclase and alkali feldspar (60:40 mixture).

Duex, T.W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The Plio–Quaternary volcanic evolution of Gran Canaria based on new K–Ar ages and magnetostratigraphy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combined use of radiometric dating (51 new unspiked K–Ar ages), magnetostratigraphy and field geology establishes a new time framework for the last two stages of the volcanic evolution of Gran Canaria. Most of the dated samples have ages coherent with their stratigraphic positions and magnetic polarities. Our new set of data extends the end of the Roque Nublo (RN) group, one of the main posterosive stages of Gran Canaria which started about 4.9 Ma ago, to ages as young as 2.87 Ma. This is about 0.7 Ma younger than previously thought. Moreover, the dating of samples collected in well-defined stratigraphic sequences supports the contemporaneity of the early stages of the post-Roque Nublo group and the vanishing activity of the Roque Nublo stratovolcano between 3.7 and 2.9 Ma. The multiple lateral collapses of the Roque Nublo stratovolcano occurred during this period between 3.5 and 3.1 Ma which corresponds to a main period of volcanic quiescence. After 2.9 Ma, the effusive activity propagated along a well-defined NW–SE rift until about 1.5 Ma, shifting progressively from a rifting propagation to platform-forming lavas. Thereafter, the activity is very disperse and belongs to the Brunhes period, with most of it before 500 ka.

Hervé Guillou; Francisco José Perez Torrado; Alex R Hansen Machin; Juan Carlos Carracedo; Domingo Gimeno

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

LANL* V1.0: a radiation belt drift shell model suitable for real-time and reanalysis applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Space weather modeling, forecasts, and predictions, especially for the radiation belts in the inner magnetosphere, require detailed information about the Earth's magnetic field. Results depend on the magnetic field model and the L* (pron. L-star) values which are used to describe particle drift shells. Space wather models require integrating particle motions along trajectories that encircle the Earth. Numerical integration typically takes on the order of 10{sup 5} calls to a magnetic field model which makes the L* calculations very slow, in particular when using a dynamic and more accurate magnetic field model. Researchers currently tend to pick simplistic models over more accurate ones but also risking large inaccuracies and even wrong conclusions. For example, magnetic field models affect the calculation of electron phase space density by applying adiabatic invariants including the drift shell value L*. We present here a new method using a surrogate model based on a neural network technique to replace the time consuming L* calculations made with modern magnetic field models. The advantage of surrogate models (or meta-models) is that they can compute the same output in a fraction of the time while adding only a marginal error. Our drift shell model LANL* (Los Alamos National Lab L-star) is based on L* calculation using the TSK03 model. The surrogate model has currently been tested and validated only for geosynchronous regions but the method is generally applicable to any satellite orbit. Computations with the new model are several million times faster compared to the standard integration method while adding less than 1% error. Currently, real-time applications for forecasting and even nowcasting inner magnetospheric space weather is limited partly due to the long computing time of accurate L* values. Without them, real-time applications are limited in accuracy. Reanalysis application of past conditions in the inner magnetosphere are used to understand physical processes and their effect. Without sufficiently accurate L* values, the interpretation of reanalysis results becomes difficult and uncertain. However, with a method that can calculate accurate L* values orders of magnitude faster, analyzing whole solar cycles worth of data suddenly becomes feasible.

Koller, Josep [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friedel, Reiner H W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Terracing of Bajada Belts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...characteristic desert features known as plateau-plains. In their last stage the isolated T6wa-yal-lane, Acoma and Chupadera mesas, of New Mexico, are conspicuous illustrations. To this phase of the problem attention is later turned. The feature...

Charles Keyes

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Deconstructing the Conveyor Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Atlantic, spread to other ocean basins, with a concomitant surface...meridional heat transport from one basin to the next can no longer be assumed...Slope in the Mid-Atlantic Bight (Elsevier, Amsterdam...heat transport in a convective basin . J. Phys. Oceanogr. 36...

M. Susan Lozier

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

276

Disturbing the radiation belts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the electric impulse from a lightning flash and much of its energy is in the audio frequency range. It travels up through the ionosphere into the magnetosphere and is guided ... the high frequencies arrive first. Thus, when received on an aerial connected to an audio amplifier, it is heard as a whistle falling in pitch. Later work showed that ...

Kenneth G. Budden

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Los Humeros Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(0) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Chignautla, Puebla, Mexico Exploration Region: Transmexican Volcanic Belt GEA Development Phase: Phase IV -...

278

Energetics of gas-driven limnic and volcanic eruptions Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1063, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetics of gas-driven limnic and volcanic eruptions Y. Zhang* Department of Geological Sciences for the rigorous treatment of the energetics of gas exsolution from a gas-containing liquid, which powers gas) are discussed, and the maximum amount of kinetic energy derivable from a reversible gas exsolution process

Zhang, Youxue

279

Review of Evidence on the Potential for Major Earthquakes and Volcanism in the Long Valley-Mono Craters-White Mountains Regions of Eastern California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Long Valley-Mono Craters region of eastern California lies ... volcanic centers of late-Quaternary age. The Long Valley-Mono Craters region stands out in this...M...6.8 to 8.0) have occurred along the eastern...

David P. Hill; Robert E. Wallace…

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Volcanic stratigraphy and a kinematic analysis of NE-trending faults of Allens Ranch 7.5' quadrangle, Utah County, Utah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) differential shortening during progressive orocline development, (2) the pre-deformational Pennsylvanian. Conversely, mixed paleostress directions for the north-trending Tintic Davis Canyon fault show it is a Basin cutting Lake Bonneville deposits. An Oligocene to Miocene suite of extrusive volcanic units

Seamons, Kent E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

THE HERSCHEL AND JCMT GOULD BELT SURVEYS: CONSTRAINING DUST PROPERTIES IN THE PERSEUS B1 CLUMP WITH PACS, SPIRE, AND SCUBA-2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present Herschel observations from the Herschel Gould Belt Survey and SCUBA-2 science verification observations from the JCMT Gould Belt Survey of the B1 clump in the Perseus molecular cloud. We determined the dust emissivity index using four different techniques to combine the Herschel PACS+SPIRE data at 160-500 {mu}m with the SCUBA-2 data at 450 {mu}m and 850 {mu}m. Of our four techniques, we found that the most robust method was filtering out the large-scale emission in the Herschel bands to match the spatial scales recovered by the SCUBA-2 reduction pipeline. Using this method, we find {beta} Almost-Equal-To 2 toward the filament region and moderately dense material and lower {beta} values ({beta} {approx}> 1.6) toward the dense protostellar cores, possibly due to dust grain growth. We find that {beta} and temperature are more robust with the inclusion of the SCUBA-2 data, improving estimates from Herschel data alone by factors of {approx}2 for {beta} and by {approx}40% for temperature. Furthermore, we find core mass differences of {approx}< 30% compared to Herschel-only estimates with an adopted {beta} = 2, highlighting the necessity of long-wavelength submillimeter data for deriving accurate masses of prestellar and protostellar cores.

Sadavoy, S. I.; Di Francesco, J.; Johnstone, D.; Fallscheer, C.; Matthews, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 355, STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Currie, M. J.; Jenness, T. [Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 N. A'ohoku Place, University Park, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Drabek, E.; Hatchell, J. [School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL (United Kingdom); Nutter, D. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queen's Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Andre, Ph.; Hennemann, M.; Hill, T.; Koenyves, V. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique, Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Arzoumanian, D. [IAS, CNRS (UMR 8617), Universite Paris-Sud 11, Batiment 121, F-91400 Orsay (France); Benedettini, M. [Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Bernard, J.-P. [CNRS, IRAP, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, F-31028 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France); Duarte-Cabral, A. [Universite de Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac (France); Friesen, R. [Dunlap Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada); Greaves, J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St. Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Collaboration: JCMT and Herschel Gould Belt Survey teams; and others

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

282

Offering Songs, Festive Songs, Processional Songs mGar-gLu, Khro-Glu, Phebsnga: Khang Lhamo, Yandol & Pema Dolma Music: Li phur ma laten pa’i, 'The belt on the boots'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phur ma laten pa’i Translation of title The belt on the boots Description (to be used in archive entry) Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) ‘khro glu (festive song) Medium (i.e. reel to reel, web-based file, DVD) Digital Recording Related... access (fully closed, fully open) Fully open for web streaming Notes and context (include reference to any related documentation, such as photographs) "This belt is really long on the boots. If we use it on the waist it's short. You can use...

Blumenthal, Katey

283

Offering Songs, Festive Songs, Processional Songs mGar-gLu, Khro-Glu, Phebsnga: Khang Lhamo, Yandol & Pema Dolma Music: Ri di ngak me ri la, 'The belt on the boots'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

di ngak me ri la Translation of title The belt on the boots Description (to be used in archive entry) A song about festive dress and customs. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) ‘khro glu (festive song) Medium (i.e. reel to reel, web... objects used in performance Level of public access (fully closed, fully open) Fully open for web streaming Notes and context (include reference to any related documentation, such as photographs) "This belt is really long on the boots. If we use...

Blumenthal, Katey

284

Geology and hydrogeochemistry of the Jungapeo CO2-rich thermal springs, State of Michoacán, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the first geothermal assessment of the Jungapeo CO2-rich mineral springs, which are located in the eastern part of Michoacán State (central Mexico) at the southern limit of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. All but one of the > 10 springs occur at the lower contact of the distal olivine-bearing basaltic andesite lavas of the Tuxpan shield, a 0.49- to 0.60-Ma-old cluster of monogenetic scoria cones and lava flows. The Tuxpan shield has a maximum radius of 6 km and was constructed on top of a folded and faulted Cretaceous basement consisting largely of marine limestones, marls, and shales. The mineral waters are characterized by moderate temperatures (28 to 32 °C), mild acidity (pH from 5.5 to 6.5), relatively high discharge rates, effervescence of CO2 gas, clarity at emergence and abundant subsequent precipitation of hydrous iron, silica oxides, and carbonates around pool margins and issuing streamlets. Chemical and isotopic (deuterium, oxygen, and tritium) analyses of water and gas samples obtained during the period 1991–1997 indicate that the springs are largely composed of meteoric water from a local source with relatively short residence times (water ages of 7 to 25 years). Spring waters are chemically characterized by moderate SiO2, Ca + Mg nearly equal to Na + K, high HCO3, moderate to low Cl, low F and SO4, high B, moderate Li, while Br and As are low. In contrast, Fe + Mn is exceptionally high. Thus, the Jungapeo waters cannot be regarded as high-temperature geothermal fluids. Instead, they resemble soda spring waters similar to other low-to-medium temperature soda waters in the world. Gas samples are extremely rich in CO2 with no detectable geothermal H2S or H2 and very low contents of CH4 and NH3, indicating the gases are not derived from a high-temperature resource. Carbon-13 analyses of CO2 show a narrow range (? 6.7‰ and ? 7.2‰) that falls within the range for MORB CO2. Thus, most CO2 seems to originate from the mantle but some CO2 could originate from thermal degradation of organic remains in underlying Cretaceous rocks. 3/4He ratios range from about 2 to 3 Rc/Ra, indicating that a small mantle/magmatic He component is present in the gases. In conclusion, the mineral waters are the surface expression of a low-temperature geothermal system of limited size that originates from the combined effects of a high regional heat flow and (possibly) the remnant heat released from subjacent basaltic andesite magma bodies that constitute the root zone of the Tuxpan shield.

Claus Siebe; Fraser Goff; María Aurora Armienta; Dale Counce; Robert Poreda; Steve Chipera

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Implications of a 3.472–3.333?Gyr-old subaerial microbial mat from the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa for the UV environmental conditions on the early Earth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...atmosphere, including solar luminosity, planet...flux of higher energy radiation to the...Barberton, East South Africa, occur in shallow...M2005Evolution of the solar activity over...atmospheres. I. High energy irradiances...G1982The evolution of solar ultraviolet luminosity...greenstone belt, South Africa for the UV environmental...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 7): Oronogo-Duenweg Mining Belt Site, Operable Unit 4, Jasper County, MO, July 29, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has prepared this decision document to present the selected remedial action for ground water at the Oronogo/Duenweg Mining Belt Site located in Jasper County, Missouri. This selected remedy deals with providing safe drinking water supplies to residents currently consuming ground water contaminated with metals. The major components of selected remedy are: Support to Public Water Supply District No. 3 in the Oronogo/Duenweg Designated Area (DA); Extension of existing public water lines in the Oronogo/Duenweg DA; Extension of existing public water lines in the Irons Gates Extension DA; Installation of point-of-use treatment units to homes not accessible to public water; A maintenance program for the point-of-use treatment units; A monitoring program for threatened homes and the point-of-use treatment units; and Institutional controls to regulate future uses of the contaminated shallow aquifer.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Sulfur Emissions from Volcanic A c t i v i t y i n 1985 and 1990 Carmen M. Benkovitz and M. A l t a f Mubaraki  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPENDIX C Sulfur Emissions from Volcanic A c t i v i t y i n 1985 and 1990 Carmen M. Benkovitz). Global estimates o f anthropogenic emissions o f sulfur f o r 1985 are approximately 65 Tg S y-l (Benkovi Anthropogenic Sulfur Emissions f o r 1985 and 1990 i n t h i s report). Sulfur from biogenic sources i s emitted

288

The fault-controlled skarn W–Mo polymetallic mineralization during the main India–Eurasia collision: Example from Hahaigang deposit of Gangdese metallogenic belt of Tibet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Hahaigang W–Mo polymetallic skarn deposit is located in the central-eastern part of Gangdese tectono-magmatic belt in Lhasa terrane, Tibet. The deposit was discovered in 2007 with currently proven 46 million tons of WO3 ores, 12 million tons of Mo ores, and 1.31 million tons of combined Cu–Pb–Zn ores, at an average grade of 0.20% WO3, 0.07% Mo, 0.026% Cu, 0.49% Pb, and 3.1% Zn. Ore bodies occur in veins or disseminations, and are confined within the NE-striking Dalong fault zone which is hosted by the Lower-Permian Pangna Group of dominantly quartz sandstone and slate. Several granitic plutons are exposed in the area or known from drill-holes. Ages of these granitic plutons are determined by using zircon U–Pb LA–ICP–MS method. For example, the biotite monzogranite yields a 206Pb/238U–207Pb/238U concordia age of 58.66 ± 0.90 Ma and a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 57.02 ± 0.42 Ma. The granite porphyry yields a 206Pb/238U–207Pb/238U concordia age of 109.1 ± 8.9 Ma and a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 114.0 ± 2.6 Ma. The biotite monzogranite yields a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 56.1 ± 1.1 Ma. Re–Os isochron age of 63.2 ± 3.2 Ma from 5 molybdenite samples collected from the W–Mo skarn ores is also obtained in this study. The zircon U–Pb and molybdenite Re–Os geochronological data suggest that the W–Mo mineralization was not temporally associated with any of the dated igneous plutons. However, the molybdenite Re–Os age of 63.2 ± 3.2 Ma indicates that the W–Mo mineralization might have occurred during the main India–Eurasia collision that was initiated around 65 Ma. Microprobe analysis of ilvaite that occurs in two generations in the W–Mo skarn ores reveals a close relationship to Ca–Fe–F-rich hydrothermal fluids, which were probably derived from deeply-seated magmas. We suggest that ascent of the fluids was strictly controlled by the ore-controlling Dalong fault zone, and that chemical interaction and metasomatism between the fluids and the Lower-Permian Pangna quartz-feldspathic host rocks produced the ilvaite and the W–Mo polymetallic skarn deposit during the main India–Eurasia collision. Although the majority of the polymetallic deposits in the Gangdese belt are reported to be either pre- or post-main collision, it is evident from this study that the main collision also produced W–Mo polymetallic mineralization within the belt.

Xiaofeng Li; Chunzeng Wang; Wei Mao; Qinghong Xu; Yaohui Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Interaction between mantle-derived and crustal calc-alkaline magmas in the petrogenesis of the Paleocene Sifton Range volcanic complex, Yukon, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The uplifted plutons of the eastern Coast Plutonic Complex (CPC) of the northern Canadian Cordillera are in contact with coeval volcanic suites of the early Tertiary Sloko-Skukum Group, offering a unique opportunity to address the relationship between subduction-related, continental calc-alkaline volcanic sequences and their coeval granitoid suites. The Sifton Range volcanic complex (SRVC) of southwestern Yukon is intruded by CPC granites and displays a subduction-related geochemical signature with depletions in HFSE relative to LILE. The volcanic rocks range between medium- and high-K orogenic suites, and define a calc-alkaline fractionation trend. The epizonal potassium–feldspar granites are chemically similar to the SRVC rhyolites, and are characterized by highly fractionated LREE (LaN / SmN = 5–11), enrichments in LILE and Th (12–18 ppm). The SRVC exhibits a striking relationship between rock composition and style of eruption, with a reduction in abundance of lavas with increasing SiO2 being correlated with the appearance of felsic pyroclastic rocks and granitic plutonism. Thermodynamic crystal fractionation models of the compositional interval between basaltic and dacitic andesite (52–61 wt.% SiO2) are consistent with evolution at moderately hydrous (1.5 wt.% H2O), upper crustal (1.5 kbar) conditions, and fO2 close to the QFM buffer. Neither assimilation-fractional crystallization (AFC), nor binary magma mixing models are capable of explaining the anomalously elevated Th contents in the SRVC felsic lavas and granites. Furthermore, unrealistically high contamination factors (r > 2.5) are required in AFC models to attain the incompatible-element concentrations of the SRVC granite and rhyolites, suggesting they represent distinct melts derived by anatexis of enriched upper crust, rather than the evolved products of the mafic SRVC magma. Changes in crystallinity during evolution of the SRVC magmas imply an abrupt rise in effective viscosity (from 106 to 1010 Pa s) near the andesite–dacite transition as a result of the flocculation of plagioclase phenocrysts. The resultant increase in shear strength impeded crystal fractionation and eruption of lavas, and may account for the decrease in the abundance of flows with more than 62 wt.% SiO2. The onset of explosive volcanism at c.a. 68 wt.% SiO2 approximately coincides with the calculated saturation point of H2O at 1.5 kbar in the hybridized dacite magmas. Alternating mafic and felsic volcanic stratigraphy along with the presence of compositionally bimodal pyroclastics and mixed phenocrysts in the SRVC dacites suggest that mantle-derived magmas and crustal melts coexisted in a zoned magmatic column undergoing episodic injection of juvenile melts. Sudden release of volatiles from the hybrid dacitic magmas along the interface with the overlying anatectic crystal mush may have triggered the cycle of explosive eruptions of dominantly rhyolitic ejecta. The consequent loss of volatiles further promoted feldspar crystallization eventually favouring magma stagnation and plutonism.

Aleksandar Miškovi?; Don Francis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Electricity in Volcanic Clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...jets was often about 150 m/sec. From aerial views of the crater we have estimated...from Bjornsson's observations, so the aerial and surface observations immediately downwind...1958); T. Nagata, K. Hirao, N. Fukushima, T. Takashima, Bull. EarthquakeRes...

Robert Anderson; Stuart Gathman; James Hughes; Sveinbjörn Björnsson; Sigurgeir Jónasson; Duncan C. Blanchard; Charles B. Moore; Henry J. Survilas; Bernard Vonnegut

1965-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

291

Electricity in Volcanic Clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the solid material ejected was still airborne and while much of it was moving upward...greater than 10 m3/ sec and a small fraction of that esti-mated from the growth...average thunder-storm the rate of energy release from the heat of the condensing water...

Robert Anderson; Stuart Gathman; James Hughes; Sveinbjörn Björnsson; Sigurgeir Jónasson; Duncan C. Blanchard; Charles B. Moore; Henry J. Survilas; Bernard Vonnegut

1965-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

292

ELECTRON IRRADIATION OF KUIPER BELT SURFACE ICES: TERNARY N{sub 2}-CH{sub 4}-CO MIXTURES AS A CASE STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The space weathering of icy Kuiper Belt Objects was investigated in this case study by exposing methane (CH{sub 4}) and carbon monoxide (CO) doped nitrogen (N{sub 2}) ices at 10 K to ionizing radiation in the form of energetic electrons. Online and in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was utilized to monitor the radiation-induced chemical processing of these ices. Along with isocyanic acid (HNCO), the products could be mainly derived from those formed in irradiated binary ices of the N{sub 2}-CH{sub 4} and CO-CH{sub 4} systems: nitrogen-bearing products were found in the form of hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen isocyanide (HNC), diazomethane (CH{sub 2}N{sub 2}), and its radical fragment (HCN{sub 2}); oxygen-bearing products were of acetaldehyde (CH{sub 3}CHO), formyl radical (HCO), and formaldehyde (H{sub 2}CO). As in the pure ices, the methyl radical (CH{sub 3}) and ethane (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}) were also detected, as were carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and the azide radical (N{sub 3}). Based on the temporal evolution of the newly formed products, kinetic reaction schemes were then developed to fit the temporal profiles of the newly formed species, resulting in numerical sets of rate constants. The current study highlights important constraints on the preferential formation of isocyanic acid (HNCO) over hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and hydrogen isocyanide (HNC), thus guiding the astrobiological and chemical evolution of those distant bodies.

Kim, Y. S.; Kaiser, R. I., E-mail: ralfk@hawaii.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

293

Origin of the ore-forming fluids of the Tongchang porphyry Cu–Mo deposit in the Jinshajiang–Red River alkaline igneous belt, SW China: Constraints from He, Ar and S isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Jinshajiang–Red River alkaline igneous belt with abundant Cu–Mo–Au mineralization, in the eastern Indian–Asian collision zone, is an important Cenozoic magmatic belt formed under an intra-continental strike-slip system in southwestern (SW) China. The Tongchang deposit is a representative porphyry Cu–Mo deposit in southern segment of the Jinshajiang–Red River alkaline igneous belt, with 8621 t Cu @ 1.24 wt.% and 17,060 t Mo @ 0.218 wt.%. In this study, He, Ar and S isotopic compositions of the Tongchang deposit were determined. He and Ar isotopic compositions suggest that the ore-forming fluids, with 3He/4He ratios varying from 0.17 to 1.50 Ra and 40Ar/36Ar ratios from 299.1 to 347.3 for the deposit, are a mixture between a crust-derived fluid (MASW) with near atmospheric Ar and crustal He, and a mantle-derived fluid. However, the ?34S values of the hydrothermal pyrite samples ranging from 1.0‰ to 1.5‰ with an average of 1.2‰, indicate that the sulfur in the ore-forming fluids of the Tongchang deposit was primarily derived from the magma or indirectly mantle-derived without assimilation of crustal sulfur. In combination with previously published He and Ar isotopic data of the Yulong and Machangqing deposits in northern and central segments of the Jinshajiang–Red River alkaline igneous belt, respectively, the ore-forming fluids of the Yulong and Machangqing deposits are obviously richer in 3He and 40Ar, and poorer in 36Ar in comparison with the Tongchang deposit, implying that more mantle-derived fluids were involved in the ore-forming fluids of the Yulong and Machangqing deposits than those for the Tongchang deposit. This might be one of the most important factors producing larger scales of mineralization in the Yulong and Machangqing deposits than the Tongchang deposit.

Leiluo Xu; Xianwu Bi; Ruizhong Hu; Yongyong Tang; Guohao Jiang; Youqiang Qi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

09/02/2011 16:08Ground-based estimates of outer radiation belt energetic electron precipitation fluxes into the atmosphere Page 1 of 2http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language=English&verbo...2%2054369834%20%2fdata2%2fepubs%2fwais%2fdata%2ffm10%2f  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%2054369834%20%2fdata2%2fepubs%2fwais%2fdata%2ffm10%2ffm10.txt 2010 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author is termed AARDDVARK (Antarctic-Arctic Radiation-belt (Dynamic) Deposition - VLF Atmospheric Research fluxes from the observations of this network, which is termed AARDDVARK (Antarctic-Arctic Radiation

Ulich, Thomas

295

Geochronological, geochemical and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic constraints on the origin of the Cretaceous intraplate volcanism in West Qinling, Central China: Implications for asthenosphere–lithosphere interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reports new zircon LA-ICP-MS \\{UPb\\} age and Lu-Hf isotopes, laser-fusion 40Ar/39Ar age, mineral chemistry, bulk-rock major and trace element, and SrNd isotope data from intraplate volcanic rocks in the Duofuntun Area, West Qinling. It was dated at 105.8 ± 0.9 Ma (UPb Zircon) and 103 ± 2 Ma (matrix glass laser-fusion 40Ar/39Ar dating). The Duofuntun Volcanic Rocks (DVR) are dominantly composed of alkali basalts with minor basanites and basaltic andesites. Some evolved samples of the DVR underwent a variable fractionation of olivine, clinopyroxene, plagioclase, FeTi oxide, Cr-rich spinel and apatite. Chondrite-normalized rare earth element and primitive mantle-normalized trace element patterns of the DVR remarkably resemble those of oceanic island basalts (OIB). Nearly all the alkali basalts show positive Nb, Ta and Ti anomalies and negative Rb, Th and P anomalies, whereas basanites do not display positive Ti anomalies. Nearly all the samples show marked negative Rb and K anomalies relative to their neighbouring elements on a primitive mantle normalized trace element diagram. 87Sr/86Sr(i) and 143Nd/144Nd(i) ratios for all the mafic samples also show an OIB affinity, covering a range of 0.703264–0.705032 and 0.512718–0.512873, respectively. Several lines of evidence indicate that both garnet and amphibole play a key role for the genesis of the DVR. The melt segregation PT conditions in the source region, around 1371 °C at 1.98–3.25 GPa, combined with trace element collectively suggest a polybaric melting process during the formation of the DVR. The non-modal batch partial melting modelling result indicates the DVR were generated by small-degree polybaric partial melting of amphibole-bearing spinel peridotites (ca. 4%) and amphibole-bearing garnet peridotites (ca. 0.7%). We suggest the DVR were not formed in a plume. Rather, they originated by the interaction between the upwelling asthenosphere, which might provide both materials and heat flux, and hydrous mineral-bearing (amphibole) lithosphere during lithospheric extension.

Xiao-Wei Li; Xuan-Xue Mo; Xue-Hui Yu; Yi Ding; Xiong-Fei Huang; Ping Wei; Wen-Yan He

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Pollen Influx and Volcanic Ash  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Artemisia) blooms in the fall and a dis-proportionate percentage...were recorded. The five pollen groups plotted in Fig. 5 were selected...expected to occur during the fall and perhaps winter months...probability of an initial ash-fall in late summer. Certain acid-resist-ant...

Peter J. Mehringer Jr.; Eric Blinman; Kenneth L. Petersen

1977-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

297

Mann, C.P., Stix, J., Vallance, J.W., and Richer, M., 2004, Subaqueous intracaldera volcanism, Ilopango Caldera, El Salvador, Central America, in Rose, W.I., Bommer, J.J., Lpez, D.L., Carr, M.J., and Major, J.J., eds., Natural hazards in El Salvador: Boul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ilopango Caldera, El Salvador, Central America, in Rose, W.I., Bommer, J.J., López, D.L., Carr, M.J., and Major, J.J., eds., Natural hazards in El Salvador: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America of America Special Paper 375 2004 Subaqueous intracaldera volcanism, Ilopango Caldera, El Salvador, Central

Long, Bernard

298

Organic Farming in the Corn Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Senior agricultural scientist, Northeast Solar Energy Center, Boston, Massachusetts...senior agricultural scientist, Northeast Solar Energy Center, Boston, Massachu-setts...cotton, sisal, coffee, and cashews in Tanzania all provide examples of stag-nancy or...

William Lockeretz; Georgia Shearer; Daniel H. Kohl

1981-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

299

EVIDENCE FOR A COMET BELT BEYOND NEPTUNE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...OBSERVATORY, CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS HARVARD COLLEGE OBSERVATORY, CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS EVIDENCE FOR A COMET...OBSERVATORY, CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS. | Journal Article Proceedings...the outskirts of the solar system." I concur with...

Fred L. Whipple

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

CD-2: Orogenic Belt | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Permeability Sedimentary Aquifers Dominant Heat Transport Mechanism - FaultFracture Controlled, LithoBiofacies Controlled Examples Want to add an example to this list?...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Creating Artificial Radiation Belts in the Lab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. (Garnier, DPP, 2005) #12;Acknowledgments Dmitry Harry Austin Eugenio Ishtak Alex Jen Scott Ben Brian Matt + . . . Axisymmetric Nakada and Mead, JGR (1965) T. Birmingham, JGR (1969) A Axisymmetric L 4 Re Rm 3 - 4 30 L2 Re Re

Mauel, Michael E.

302

Global Increase in Quaternary Explosive Volcanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...African rift val-ley, for more than 1500 km from Ethiopia to Tanzania (46, 47). At least in southern Ethiopia, this was preceded...arguments exist to show that eruptions may be triggered and solar tidal stress (67, 68) some workers have considered relations...

James P. Kennett; Robert C. Thunell

1975-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

Trachyandesitic volcanism in the early Solar System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...October 7, 2008, in the Nubian Desert, Sudan, containing various ureilitic and ureilite-related fragments...UPB cannot be directly estimated, the thermal history of the ureilites indicates that their...Wilson L Goodrich CA Van Orman JA ( 2008 ) Thermal evolution and physics of melt extraction...

Addi Bischoff; Marian Horstmann; Jean-Alix Barrat; Marc Chaussidon; Andreas Pack; Daniel Herwartz; Dustin Ward; Christian Vollmer; Stephan Decker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Mantle updrafts and mechanisms of oceanic volcanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...internal heating and variable surface insulation. Internal boundary layers are the results...tectonic processes such as large-plate insulation and slab cooling and is enough to cause shallow...some olivine literally crystallized in foam (12). Recently, segregation of sulphides...

Don L. Anderson; James H. Natland

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Volcanism in Mexico and Central America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...developments and future prospects of geothermal power in this region. R. W. DEcKER...tissues and micro-organisms without heating, without ionization and without high...Sewickley, Pa. 15143 (Pittsburgh District).-MMMWA%h 1*4%0. I k-1 (

R. W. Decker

1973-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

New geochemical insights into volcanic degassing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...It is clear that, as well as measuring gas emissions...Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Scientific...eruptions. J. Volcanol. Geothermal Res. 134, 77-107...Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico, from olivine-hosted...analysis. J. Volcanol. Geothermal Res. 108, 11-31...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Geologic factors controlling patterns of small-volume basaltic volcanism: Application to a volcanic hazards assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hazards assessment at Yucca Mountain, Nevada Charles B. Connor,1 John A. Stamatakos,1 David A. Ferrill,1 are often required for facilities, such as nuclear power plants and high-level radioactive waste ­105 years [e.g., Krauskopf, 1988; U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, 1994; U.S. National

Connor, Charles

308

Do two-temperature debris discs have multiple belts?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......discs around Sun-like stars...range of grain temperatures across the size distribution is then smaller...A-type and Sun-like stars. For Sun-like stars...relatively flat size distributions, can produce two-temperature discs, and......

G. M. Kennedy; M. C. Wyatt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

KEPLER AND THE KUIPER BELT B. Scott Gaudi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with eccentricities eP0:3 and i P5 . Resonant KBOs are in mean motion resonances with Neptune and were likely trapped there and subsequently excited to high i and e by the outward mi- gration of Neptune (Malhotra 1995). Scattered KBOs have very broad e and i distributions and have probably been ex- cited by some as-yet-unknown process

Gaudi, B. Scott

310

Belt Tightening in the Office of Space Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A YEAR ago, NASA's Office of Space ... of Space Science and Applications was divested of its responsibilities for communications and Earth observation programmes and renamed ...

Our Washington Correspondent

1972-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

Gravity interpretation of the northern Overthrust Belt, Idaho and Wyoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sequence thickness westward from about 15 miles (2a. l km) east of the Idaho-Wyoming State line, to a site of maximum deposition somewhere in the west (Armstrong and Oriel, 1965). In western Wyoming, Drdovic-ian rocks are represented by the Upper... 1n southeastern Idaho by the Laketown Dolomite. The lim1ted geoqraph1c extent of the Silurian is considered to be the result of subsequent erosion rather than non-deposition (Armstrong and Oriel, 1965). In western Wyoming, the Devonian age rocks...

Silver, Wendy Ilene

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Geologic Setting of the Central Alaskan Hot Springs Belt: Implications...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from magmatic ordeep crustal sources, which have higher reservoir temperatures and larger spatial extent).In this context, the individual capacity of several CAHSB resources close...

313

Modeling of the radiation belt megnetosphere in decisional timeframes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for calculating L* in the magnetosphere with essentially the same accuracy as with a physics based model at many times the speed by developing a surrogate trained to be a surrogate for the physics-based model. The trained model can then beneficially process input data falling within the training range of the surrogate model. The surrogate model can be a feedforward neural network and the physics-based model can be the TSK03 model. Operatively, the surrogate model can use parameters on which the physics-based model was based, and/or spatial data for the location where L* is to be calculated. Surrogate models should be provided for each of a plurality of pitch angles. Accordingly, a surrogate model having a closed drift shell can be used from the plurality of models. The feedforward neural network can have a plurality of input-layer units, there being at least one input-layer unit for each physics-based model parameter, a plurality of hidden layer units and at least one output unit for the value of L*.

Koller, Josef; Reeves, Geoffrey D; Friedel, Reiner H.W.

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Global Conveyor Belt from a Southern Ocean Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent studies have proposed the Southern Ocean as the site of large water-mass transformations; other studies propose that this basin is among the main drivers for North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) circulation. A modeling contribution toward ...

Daniele Iudicone; Sabrina Speich; Gurvan Madec; Bruno Blanke

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

February 2002 Modelling The Conveyor Belt Circulation using MICOM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thknss. consistent with cooling #12;Large heat loss in Antarctic winter ameliorated (Too much?) #12;Grid Project · Oceans transport about half the heat from Tropics to Polar Regions · Wind Driven ocean/Xie-Arkin: Precipitation · Model SST + Bulk Forcing (Large et al.) Surface Flux of Heat and Freshwater #12;· NO RESTORING

Nadiga, Balasubramanya T. "Balu"

316

3-D seismic tomography of the Adelaide fold belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the major factor. Temperature-induced P-wave...which smoothes the temperature contrast, resulting...structure of the eastern Snake River Plain and its...1996. Upper mantle temperatures from teleseismic tomography...implications for regolith development, 3rd Australian Regolith......

Peter Clifford; Stewart Greenhalgh; Greg Houseman; Frank Graeber

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Investigation of the geothermal potential of the UK. A preliminary assessment. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geologically, Britain is an extremely stable area without active volcanism. In this situation the development of geothermal resources depends upon the occurrence of permeable rocks in deep sedimentary basins or the successful development of the hot dry rock concept. The average geothermal gradient is about 25C/km, but two belts of above average heat flow extend across northern and south-western England. In these areas the gradient can be 30C/km or more. The principal aquifers occur in the Mesozoic and the greatest geothermal potential is in sandstones of the Permo-Triassic where their occurrence at depth coincides with the high heat flow belts.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

An Archean Oceanic Felsic Dyke Swarm In A Nascent Arc- The Hunter Mine  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oceanic Felsic Dyke Swarm In A Nascent Arc- The Hunter Mine Oceanic Felsic Dyke Swarm In A Nascent Arc- The Hunter Mine Group, Abitibi Greenstone Belt, Canada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Archean Oceanic Felsic Dyke Swarm In A Nascent Arc- The Hunter Mine Group, Abitibi Greenstone Belt, Canada Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The 2730-Ma-old Hunter Mine Group (HMG), a dominantly felsic subaqueous volcanic sequence, was formed during early arc construction in the Abitibi greenstone belt (Quebec, Canada). The western part of the HMG contains a felsic dyke swarm up to 1.5 km wide and traceable up-section for 2.5 km. Five distinct generations were identified: (1) aphanitic to feldspar-phyric dykes; (2) quartz-feldspar-phyric dykes with < 5% quartz

319

Viscosity Control of the Composition of Ocean Floor Volcanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

4 February 1971 research-article Viscosity Control of the Composition of Ocean Floor...environment. Instead it is postulated that the viscosity exercises a control by limiting the range...magmas (to those with a sufficiently low viscosity) which is capable of penetrating the...

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The effects and consequences of very large explosive volcanic eruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...while ash still airborne (days to ?weeks); problems with landing and take-off until airports cleared. power generation-effects...doi:10.1038/373399a0 . Morrison, D 2006Asteroid and comet impacts: the ultimate environmental catastrophe. Phil. Trans...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Carmichael, I.S.E. Landmark Papers: Volcanic Petrology.:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in any discussion of igneous or crystalline basement rocks. Nick Petford's excellent paper examines the controls on the development...between earth and life can be properly understood. G. M. GADD Merritt, J.W., Auton, C.A., Connell, E.R., Hall, A...

A. C. Kerr

322

Seismic and infrasonic source processes in volcanic fluid systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the crater. Figure 4.4b is a FLIR infrared image of the 16-is estimated at 300-400 m. (b) FLIR infrared image of 16-17

Matoza, Robin S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Geothermometry At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

but are within the 220-240 degrees C range calculated using cation, sulfate-water isotope, and mixing model geothermometers (Muffler et al., 1982). References (Unknown)...

324

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

but are within the 220-240 degrees C range calculated using cation, sulfate-water isotope, and mixing model geothermometers (Muffler et al., 1982). In Table 1,we include many...

325

Ophiolite and island-arc volcanism in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Apartado Postal 35, Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, Costa Rica The Pacific margin...Apartado Postal 35, Ciudad Universitaria "Rodrigo Facio," Costa Rica ABSTRACT The Pacific...Distrito de Tonos , Provincia de Los Santos, Panam [Licenciado thesis]: San Jos...

326

Overview Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

areas in the United States through electromagnetic geophysical studies received foundation from the many surveys done for geothermal exploration in the 1970's. Investigations...

327

Saturated Zone Plumes in Volcanic Rock: Implications for Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a literature survey of the occurrences of radionuclide plumes in saturated, fractured rocks. Three sites, Idaho National laboratory, Hanford, and Oak Ridge are discussed in detail. Results of a modeling study are also presented showing that the length to width ratio of a plume starting within the repository footprint at the Yucca Mountain Project site, decreases from about 20:1 for the base case to about 4:1 for a higher value of transverse dispersivity, indicating enhanced lateral spreading of the plume. Due to the definition of regulatory requirements, this lateral spreading does not directly impact breakthrough curves at the 18 km compliance boundary, however it increases the potential that a plume will encounter reducing conditions, thus significantly retarding the transport of sorbing radionuclides.

S. Kelkar; R. Roback; B. Robinson; G. Srinivasan; C. Jones; P. Reimus

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

328

Volcanic source for fixed nitrogen in the early Earth's atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for CO2 mol fractions of 40. In contrast...Archean would release thermal energy...by extensive fire fountaining at...J., 1991, Airborne measurements...responsible for a small fraction of current production...Archean would release thermal energy...by extensive fire foun-taining...

329

The effects and consequences of very large explosive volcanic eruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...than one per 10000 years for the upper end (figure 3). Global average frequencies...atmosphere (McCormick et al. 1995). By the end of 1991, spreading polewards, the aerosol...3) are almost entirely detrimental to humankind in the short term. These range from roof...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Volcanic eruption through a geothermal borehole at Námafjall, Iceland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE eruption on 8 September 1977 in the Nmaf jail geothermal field was a part of a rifting event that took place during that day, ... the main rifting took place south of the caldera, just north of the Nmaf jail geothermal field. We give here a short account of this event and the borehole eruption. ...

Gudrún Larsen; Karl Grönvold; Sigurdur Thorarinsson

1979-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Palaeomagnetism of the Antrim Plateau Volcanics of Northern Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......unchanged position just south of the Australian Bight from the Upper Carboniferous to the mid-Cretaceous...the southern part of the Bonaparte Gulf Basin, Bur. Miner. Resour. Geol. Geophys...geology of the northern part of the Wiso Basin, Northern Territory, Bull. Bur. Miner......

M. W. McElbinny; G. R. Luck

1970-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Morphometric Analysis Of The Submarine Volcanic Ridge South...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

constructed over a wide range of ocean depths along the Pico Ridge. Using bathymetric data and Towed Ocean Bottom Instrument (TOBI) side-scan sonar imagery, we measured the...

333

Active System For Monitoring Volcanic Activity- A Case Study...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

andor the electronic circuits have also been solved during this field experiment. For data interpretation, a three-dimensional (3-D) forward modeling code was built to...

334

Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by various geophysical anomalies that are evidently related to an active hot-water geothermal system. This system apparently is heated by a reservoir of silicic magma...

335

Seismic tomography of the Tongariro Volcanic Centre, New Zealand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the east due to the prevailing westerly wind direction. This probably occurs in conjunction...Maori iwi, Rangipo Prison and several farm owners. This paper benefitted from helpful...in north Chile: a combined onshore and offshore study, J. geophys. Res.,105,28......

D. P. Rowlands; R. S. White; A. J. Haines

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Seismic and infrasonic source processes in volcanic fluid systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A broadband seismic and infrasound array deployment at MountNumerical experiments . . . . . . . .1. Seismic- acousticFigure 3.2: Infrasonic and seismic waveforms at CDWR for an

Matoza, Robin S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Petrological and rheological controls on volcanism to terrestrial planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Through experimental petrology and geodynamic modeling, processes of melting under thick lithospheres on the Earth and the moon are investigated. Phase equilibrium experiments were carried out on Apollo 14B and 15C picritic ...

Elkins Tanton, Linda Tarbox, 1965-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Effects of Lake Fertilization by Volcanic Activity on Abundance of ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fish and Wildlife Service. Woods IIole ... in other regions. The fine material is carried by the wind for ... in 1883 and depending on the wind direction probably ...

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

339

Thursday, March 26, 2009 POSTER SESSION II: MARS: VOLCANISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

complexes on Mars. We propose that they were formed by hydrothermal venting processes similar. Lanz J. K. Saric M. B. Possible Traces of Hydrothermal Venting in Aeolis Planum, Mars [#1014] We have to hydrothermal vent complexes on Earth. Kerber L. Head J. W. Madeleine J. B. Forget F. Wilson L. The Dispersal

Rathbun, Julie A.

340

San Francisco Volcanic Field Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Date: Well Name: Location: Depth: Initial Flow Rate: "c" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. The given value was not understood. Flow Test...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The Eyjafjallajökull volcanic system, Iceland: insights from electromagnetic measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Proceedings of the 67th Ann. Internat. Mtg. Soc. of Expl. Geophys. (1997) 382-385...Saemundsson K. Heat flow and geothermal processes in Iceland. Tectonophysics (1993) 225...technique. Proceedings of the 54th Ann. Mtg. Soc. of Expl. Geophys. (1984) Atlanta......

Marion P. Miensopust; Alan G. Jones; Gylfi Páll Hersir; Arnar M. Vilhjálmsson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Stratigraphic Nomenclature of Volcanic Rocks in the Jemez Mountains...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the formations are refined by radiometric dating. Authors Roy A. Bailey, Robert Leland Smith and Clarence Samuel Ross Published U.S. Geological Survey, 1969 DOI Not Provided Check...

343

Collection and Analysis of Geothermal and Volcanic Water and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and R.L. Goguel Published Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Chemistry Division, 1989 Report Number CD 2401 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability:...

344

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At San Francisco Volcanic Field...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

345

Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

346

Field Mapping At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

347

Rock Sampling At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

348

Ground Magnetics At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

349

Galápagos Flora: Fernandina (Narborough) Caldera before Recent Volcanic Event  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stellerite (0.25 by 0.25 by 0.6 mm) was selected from a purified sample collected at a new occurrence near Chena Hot Springs, Alaska. The chemical analysis of the sample from which the crystal was selected indicates a composition near the...

Paul A. Colinvaux; Eileen K. Schofield; Ira L. Wiggins

1968-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

350

A Volcanologist'S Review Of Atmospheric Hazards Of Volcanic Activity...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

evidence to suggest that particle aggregation is particularly successful in removing glass shards with high surface areasmass ratios. The primary atmospheric hazard of...

351

CV-2b: Plutonic - Inactive Volcanism | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making. In: Proceedings. Thirty-Ninth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering; 20140224; Stanford, California. Stanford, California: Stanford University; p. 8 Inga...

352

Heterogeneous Structure Around the Jemez Volcanic Field, New...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Abstract We analyse active-experiment seismic data obtained by the 1993 Jemez Tomography Experiment (JTEX) programme to elucidate the heterogeneous structure of the Jemez...

353

Geomorphic assessment of late Quaternary volcanism in the Yucca  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...volcanology waste disposal Yucca Mountain GeoRef, Copyright...investigations within the Yucca Mountain area, adjacent...the area for disposal of high-level...ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Funding for the Nevada...and by the Yucca Mountain Project Office...

354

Volcanism and the atmosphere: the potential role of the atmosphere in unlocking the reactivity of volcanic emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...destruction (and BrO generation) is only limited...occurring in the gas phase with light...atmospheric gases, even passively...large coal-fired power plants (Stith...from coal-fired electric power plants and their...Eltgroth1982Particles and gases in the emissions...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Structural style and tectonic evolution of the marathon thrust belt, west Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A balanced cross section indicates that the basal Dugout Creek thrust is strongly folded and that the Marathon facies rocks overlie a folded and thrusted sequence of late Paleozoic strata. Shortening in the allochthonous sequence is >80%. Extreme shortening across anticlinoria requires upper level detachments. These appear to have been duplex zones connected to the basal fault by steep imbricates. Progressive deformation folded the imbricates and the roof thrusts of these zones. Individual units have distinct deformational styles. Folds in the Caballos Fm. are tight, high-amplitude concentric folds with wave-lengths of 0.5 to 1.7 km. Pre-Caballos units are characterized by smaller wavelength box and chevron folds and imbricate faults. The overlying Tesnus Fm. is exposed in broad synclines. High strain within the cores of the synclines was accommodated by development of cleavage and axial-parallel pencil lineation. The pre-Mississippian part of the Marathon sequence represents slope deposits developed along a divergent continental margin. The Mississippian was marked by flysch sedimentation (Tesnus Fm.) which heralded the beginning of collision of Gondwanaland. Much of this sediment was derived from Devonian and older strata of Gondwanaland. The Tesnus Fm. was deposited on the slope sequence and is entirely allochthonous. By Atokan-Virgilian times, the slope/Tesnus sequence overrode the miogeoclinal sequence of North America. Permian foreland and taphrogenic basins formed within shelf areas north of the Marathon region during continued compression. Deformation progressed from SE to NW during a period of about 70 million years.

Hickman, R.G.; Varga, R.J.; Altany, R.M.; Witmer, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Lithoprobe southern Canadian Cordilleran transect: Rocky Mountain thrust belt to Valhalla gneiss complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1985. Regional structures, the Atlantic Rich field-Marathon Oil No. 1 Gibbs borehole, and hydrocarbon resource potential...1985. Regional structures,the Atlantic Richfield-Marathon Oil No. 1 Gibbs borehole, and hydrocarbon resource potential......

F.A. Cook; P.S. Simony; K.C. Coflin; A.G. Green; B. Milkereit; R.A. Price; R. Parrish; C. Patenaude; P.L. Gordy; R.L. Brown

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Thermal and Structural Constraints on the Tectonic Evolution of the Idaho-Wyoming-Utah Thrust Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperature of 240?C ?20 (Brandon et al., 1998). Similar to apatite the amount of annealing depends on the time-temperature history of the crystal. The temperatures that zircon anneals is variable based on fission damage dosage which is a function of its... age and U concentration. Zircons with significant amounts of radiation damage anneal more quickly and have a lower annealing temperature than those that do not (Brandon et al., 1998) (Fig. 10). Generally the older the zircon grain the more likely...

Chapman, Shay Michael

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

358

Verifiable Metamodels for Nitrate Losses to Drains and Groundwater in the Corn Belt, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil hydraulic parameters, N inputs, irrigation, and climatic variables were systematically varied by the SENSAN utility in PEST parameter estimation software. ... The wells were identified through classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and represented recently recharged groundwater in intensively cropped areas (see the SI). ...

Bernard T. Nolan; Robert W. Malone; Jo Ann Gronberg; Kelly R. Thorp; Liwang Ma

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

359

Tightening the belt: Constraining the mass and evolution in SDC335  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent ALMA observations identified one of the most massive star-forming cores yet observed in the Milky Way; SDC335-MM1, within the infrared dark cloud SDC335.579-0.292. Along with an accompanying core MM2, SDC335 appears to be in the early stages of its star formation process. In this paper we aim to constrain the properties of the stars forming within these two massive millimetre sources. Observations of SDC335 at 6, 8, 23 and 25GHz were made with the ATCA. We report the results of these continuum measurements, which combined with archival data, allow us to build and analyse the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of the compact sources in SDC335. Three HCHII regions within SDC335 are identified, two within the MM1 core. For each HCHII region, a free-free emission curve is fit to the data allowing the derivation of the sources' emission measure, ionising photon flux and electron density. Using these physical properties we assign each HCHII region a ZAMS spectral type, finding two protostars with character...

Avison, A; Fuller, G A; Duarte-Cabral, A; Traficante, A; Pineda, J E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Preservation of a subcritical wedge in the south Urals foreland thrust and fold belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...274 , 224-226. Elliot, D. 1976. Energy balance and deformation mechanisms of thrust sheets. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal...Stuttgart. Mitra, G. & Boyer, S. 1985. Energy blance and deformation mechanisms of duplexes...

D. BROWN; J. ALVAREZ-MARRÓN; A. PÉREZ-ESTAÚN

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Structural analysis of the perdido fold belt: timing, evolution, and structural style  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the upper portion consist of fine grained and muddy siliciclastics which are typical of turbidite and other typical deep water deposits. 2-D, prestacked, depth-migrated seismic data (TGS Phase 45) was interpreted in conjunction with Hess Corporation...

Waller, Troy Dale, II

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

362

Structure and evolution of the active fold and thrust belt of southwestern Taiwan using GPS geodesy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the westernmost exposed thrusts in this area (Figs. 3 and 4). The Chukou fault terminates to the north at the Chuchi uunsverse fault, and to the south is inferred to merge, and transfer displacement with, the Lunhou fault (Lin, 1996) just east of the Nanliao... surveys were then conducted in early 1996 and 1997 across the island using both these new monuments and pre-existing ones. These surveys were conducted with survey-grade GPS receivers on 4 to 12 sites simultaneously, with an average site occupation time...

Hickman, John Bibb

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

E-Print Network 3.0 - abitibi greenstone belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S. F. - Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, State University of New York at Albany Collection: Geosciences 13 Precambrian Research 104 (2104) 187206 2.83.0 Ga plutonism...

364

Abstract.-Submersible belt-tran-sect surveys along a rocky bottom were  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Johnson Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621, Portland. Oregon 97208 William H. Barss Oregon

365

The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is powered by a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). The top level goals of the New Horizons science

Stern, S. Alan

366

E-Print Network 3.0 - african middle belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of Texas at Dallas Collection: Geosciences 2 B. M. EGLINGTON AND R. A. ARMSTRONG SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, 2004, VOLUME 107, PAGE 13-32 Summary: exposures on...

367

THE GOULD's BELT VERY LARGE ARRAY SURVEY. I. THE OPHIUCHUS COMPLEX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present large-scale (?2000 arcmin{sup 2}), deep (?20 ?Jy), high-resolution (?1'') radio observations of the Ophiuchus star-forming complex obtained with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array at ? = 4 and 6 cm. In total, 189 sources were detected, 56 of them associated with known young stellar sources, and 4 with known extragalactic objects; the other 129 remain unclassified, but most of them are most probably background quasars. The vast majority of the young stars detected at radio wavelengths have spectral types K or M, although we also detect four objects of A/F/B types and two brown dwarf candidates. At least half of these young stars are non-thermal (gyrosynchrotron) sources, with active coronas characterized by high levels of variability, negative spectral indices, and (in some cases) significant circular polarization. As expected, there is a clear tendency for the fraction of non-thermal sources to increase from the younger (Class 0/I or flat spectrum) to the more evolved (Class III or weak line T Tauri) stars. The young stars detected both in X-rays and at radio wavelengths broadly follow a Güdel-Benz relation, but with a different normalization than the most radioactive types of stars. Finally, we detect a ?70 mJy compact extragalactic source near the center of the Ophiuchus core, which should be used as gain calibrator for any future radio observations of this region.

Dzib, Sergio A.; Loinard, Laurent; Rodríguez, Luis F.; Ortiz-León, Gisela N.; Pech, Gerardo; Rivera, Juana L. [Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Apartado Postal 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacán (Mexico); Mioduszewski, Amy J. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Domenici Science Operations Center, 1003 Lopezville Road, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Torres, Rosa M. [Paul Harris 9065, Las Condes, Santiago (Chile); Boden, Andrew F. [Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Hartmann, Lee [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (United States); Evans, Neal J. II [Department of Astronomy, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Briceño, Cesar [Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía, Mérida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Tobin, John, E-mail: s.dzib@crya.unam.mx [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

368

Investigation of Climate Forcing Agents on Tropical Belt Width Through the 21st Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

represents BC forcing (top), GHG forcing (middle) and SO 2forced by greenhouse gases (GHG’s) produce this expansion,14 +/- .03º decade -1 for GHG and SO 2 forcings respectively

Ajoku, Osinachi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The secular evolution of the Kuiper belt after a close stellar encounter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Spurzem R., Wang L. 3rd Int. Conf. on High Performance Computing, HPC-UA 2013, Up to 700k GPU Cores, Kepler...proceedings/ . Berczik P. , et al. Int. Conf. on High Performance Computing, HPC-UA 2011, High Performance Massively......

D. Punzo; R. Capuzzo-Dolcetta; S. Portegies Zwart

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Zagros folded belt (Fars, Iran): constraints from topography and critical wedge modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Asmari Formation, which is one of the main oil reservoirs in the Zagros. The folded Meso-Cenozoic...neglect the contribution of radiogenic heating in the upper crust but which is consistent...A. , Connors C., Dahlen F.A., Price E.J., Suppe J.,1994. Effect of......

F. Mouthereau; O. Lacombe; B. Meyer

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Friday, 06 August, 2010 Radiation belt electron precipitation due to geomagnetic storms: significance to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this particular period of electron precipitation to neutral atmospheric chemistry. Building on an earlier study. Through application of the Sodankylä Ion and Neutral Chemistry model, we examine the significance-varying energy spectrum determined from the DEMETER satellite. We show that the large increases in odd nitrogen

Otago, University of

372

Seismic signatures of the Lodgepole fractured reservoir in Utah-Wyoming overthrust belt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In low porosity, low permeability zones, natural fractures are the primary source of permeability which affect both production and injection of fluids. The open fractures do not contribute much to porosity, but they provide an increased drainage network to any porosity. An important approach to characterizing the fracture orientation and fracture permeability of reservoir formations is one based upon the effects of such conditions on the propagation of acoustic and seismic waves in the rock. We present the feasibility of using seismic measurement techniques to map the fracture zones between wells spaced 2400 ft at depths of about 1000 ft. For this purpose we constructed computer models (which include azimuthal anisotropy) using Lodgepole reservoir parameters to predict seismic signatures recorded at the borehole scale, crosswell scale, and 3 D seismic scale. We have integrated well logs with existing 2D surfaces seismic to produce petrophysical and geological cross sections to determine the reservoir parameters and geometry for the computer models. In particular, the model responses are used to evaluate if surface seismic and crosswell seismic measurements can capture the anisotropy due to vertical fractures. Preliminary results suggested that seismic waves transmitted between two wells will propagate in carbonate fracture reservoirs, and the signal can be received above the noise level at the distance of 2400 ft. In addition, the large velocities contrast between the main fracture zone and the underlying unfractured Boundary Ridge Member, suggested that borehole reflection imaging may be appropriate to map and fracture zone thickness variation and fracture distributions in the reservoir.

Parra, J.; Collier, H.; Angstman, B.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

USING GIS TO DELINEATE HEADWATER STREAM ORIGINS IN THE APPALACHIAN COAL-BELT REGION OF KENTUCKY.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Human activity such as surface mining can have substantial impacts on the natural environment. Performing a Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment (CHIA) of such impacts on… (more)

Villines, Jonathan A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Ralph: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CO 80301 5 SSG Precision Optronics, 65 Jonspin Rd., Wilmington MA, 01887 6 NASA/Ames Research Center

Stern, S. Alan

375

Mechanical characteristics of folds in Upper Cretaceous strata in the Disturbed Belt of northwestern Montana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jurassic when the basin became filled with a thi. n sequence of sandstones and shales. Non-marine shale, sandstone, conglomerate, and fresh- water limestone were deposited during Late Jurassic and very Early Cretaceous. A sea from the north invaded... limestone and dolomite units. The Mississippian is directly overlain by a thin sequence of Jurassi. c clastic rocks. Above the Jut'assic lies the thick conformable sequence of alternating shales and sandstones of Cretaceous age. Together, the Jurassic...

Gilbert, Pat Kader

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Tectonics of the Intermountain Seismic Belt, Western United States: Microearthquake Seismicity and Composite Fault Plane Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ticular case, changes in the angles...which would change their radial...would only change the dip angles...from generally north to west-northwest-trending...Map of Idaho (Ross and Forrester...Gunnison the name Thousand Lake...study (Fig. 2), and some...dessication of Lake Bonneville, which at its...

377

An experimental investigation of microalgal dewatering efficiency of a belt filter system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of algae and nutrient removal in a waste heat utilization process. J. Appl. Phycol., 3, 159-167. Williams, P.J.l.B., Laurens, L.M. 2010. Microalgae as biodiesel & biomass feedstocks: Review & analysis of the biochemistry, energetics & economics. Energy...

Sandip, Anjali

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Ediacarian fossils from the Carolina slate belt, Stanly County, North Carolina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Precambrian Research Unit, Bulletin 12, 250 p. Glaessner, M. F., and Wade, M., 1966, The late Precambrian fossils from Edia- cara, South Australia: Palaeontology, v. 9, p. 599-628. Harris, C. W., and Glover, L., Ill, 1983, An unconformity...

379

Investigation of Climate Forcing Agents on Tropical Belt Width Through the 21st Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004). “Changes in the tropical Hadley cell since 1950. ”The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past, and Future, 85-120.poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation since 1979. ”

Ajoku, Osinachi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Magnetometer array studies and deep Schlumberger soundings in the Damara orogenic belt, South West Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of the amplitude data to nanotesla values, storing on disc storage and plotting of magnetograms were performed by a second desk-top...the geometric mean resistivity of 153 ocean crust basalts, seawater saturated, at 22" C and at atmospheric pressure is 190fLm......

J. H. de Beer; R. M. J. Huyssen; S. J. Joubert; J. S. V. van Zijl

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

E-Print Network 3.0 - altay orogenic belt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Washington at Seattle Collection: Geosciences 19 Trans-Hudson orogen and Williston basin in Montana and North Dakota: New COCORP deep-profiling results Summary:...

382

An economic analysis of sprinkler irrigation technology in the Texas Rice Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

major and necessary prcduction expense. Irrigation water must be pumped from the ground, purchased as surface water from canal companies, or pumped directly from surface water sources. Rising energy and irrigation water well related costs have... increased the total cost of obtaining groundwater. Producers are indirectly affected when purchasing surface water; rising costs experienced by canal companies are reflected in the price producers must pay to purchase the surface water necessary for crop...

Parker, Michael R

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

383

Thrust belt architecture of the central and southern Western Foothills of Taiwan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an inverted basin. Most of the faults of the Western Foothills started their activity before the deposition of the Cholan Fm (~3.5 Ma). There is not a strict forward-breaking thrust sequence in Taiwan. Out-of-sequence faulting may be due to localized erosion...

Rodriguez-Roa, Fernando Antonio

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Growth of the Storm-Time Radiation Belt and the Magnetospheric Substorm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......phase does not result from a direct conversion of the solar wind energy. For example, if the main phase would result from...crucial in the development of the main phase; the solar wind energy is first converted into the magnetic field energy......

Syun-Tchi Akasofu

1968-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Ceramics of Kichpanha, Northern Belize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the pre-Paleozoic age; the limestone plateau of the Yucatan peninsula of the Tertiary period; the volcanic belt of southern Guatemala; and the central lowlands and the Tabasco ~ 0' Da lhl lc ha h eo Z Z 0 15 i 5 CA I E K lo Nen 50 15 100 l15.... Triassic shales and other sedimentary rocks form the southern Peten, the Alta Verapaz and the foothills of the Maya Mountains. Strips of recent alluvial deposits form both the Caribbean and Pacific coastlines of the Maya area as well as the Tabasco...

Reese, Kathryn Victoria

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A Resurgent Cauldron In The Early Paleozoic Of Wales, Uk | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resurgent Cauldron In The Early Paleozoic Of Wales, Uk Resurgent Cauldron In The Early Paleozoic Of Wales, Uk Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Resurgent Cauldron In The Early Paleozoic Of Wales, Uk Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The paper presents a controversial interpretation of a mid-Ordovician volcano-sedimentary complex. It deals with the cyclic interdependence of intrusive, volcanic, and sedimentary processes, due to the development of a nearshore resurgent cauldron in the Caledonian fold belt of North Wales. Deformed volcanotectonic features include a resurgent dome and apical graben, surrounded by a moat and peripheral crescentic ring-fault, constituting a caldera 20 km in diameter. The resurgent Snowdon caldera developed through three cycles of ash-flow volcanism resulting from

387

Stress and volcanism in the northern Mogollon-Datil volcanic field, New Mexico: Effects of the post-Laramide tectonic transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...below the 32.0 Ma Hells Mesa Tuff. Measurement...Lemitar Mountains; C, Chupadera Mountains; M, Magdalena...the Lemitar Mountains, Chupadera Mountains, southern...the base of the Hells Mesa Tuff ( ^ A r / ^ A r...32 30 28 26 H e l l s Mesa Tuff 1 r 1 1 1 n 1 t...

388

Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments; Multi-phase Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys in Overt & Subtle Volcanic Systems, Hawaii & Maui  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE Geothermal Technologies Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project Objective: To use a combination of traditional geophysical and geochemical tools with exploration suites not typically used in geothermal exploration.

389

Magnetostratigraphy of the lower Triassic volcanics from deep drill SG6 in western Siberia: evidence for long-lasting Permo–Triassic volcanic activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for gas and oil production previous polarity...alternating fields. The samples...We traced the cumulative curves of the...with new field and geochemical...four the peak production of dust, toxic...Results of new field and from central......

Michel Westphal; Evgueni L. Gurevitch; Boris V. Samsonov; Hugues Feinberg; Jean Pierre Pozzi

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Natural sources of mercury in arid and semiarid landscapes of western North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mercury is enriched naturally in three global belts associated with areas in which Tertiary and Quaternary volcanism occurred. one belt, which occurs along the western margin of North America, contains concentrated and disseminated mercury occurrences in semiarid and arid biomes. Mercury enters the atmosphere from these landscapes through three processes: volatilization from enriched substrate, venting of geothermal systems, and resuspension. It is expected that the component of Hg deposited to arid landscapes through wet and dry deposition is negligible. Mercury fluxes to the atmosphere from arid and semiarid landscapes will be greater than that in more mesic environments because of the aridity and the daily amplitude in air temperatures. Resuspension may contribute significantly to the atmospheric burden of Hg due to eolian dispersal and subsequent evasion. To calculate the Hg flux from naturally enriched areas, the concentration, chemical form, and distribution of the Hg must be known. An understanding of the magnitude of natural Hg enrichment in global mercuriferous belts is important because the baseline for addressing human health and ecological risk is likely to be higher in these landscapes.

Gustin, M.S.; Taylor, G.E. Jr. [Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Environmental and Resource Sciences

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

391

A New Multidisciplinary Marine Monitoring System for the Surveillance of Volcanic and Seismic Areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...relate to the need for the huge investment of funds, high management...elements-including ships, submersible vehicles, and specialized...sphere with an auto-leveling platform; a low-frequency hydrophone...Buoy The surface buoy is a semi-rigid structure with a metal...

Giovanni Iannaccone; Sergio Guardato; Maurizio Vassallo; Luca Elia; Laura Beranzoli

392

A 3-D gravity model for a volcanic crater in Terceira Island (Azores)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Guedes J.H.C., Lucas A., 1997. Registos obtidos na rede acelerometrica dos Acores durante a crise sismica de Junho-Outubro...Sao Jorge iniciada com o sismo de 9 de Julho de 1998 vista na rede acelerografica dos Acores, Proc. 1st Simposio de Meteorologia......

F. G. Montesinos; A. G. Camacho; J. C. Nunes; C. S. Oliveira; R. Vieira

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Double trouble: Paired ignimbrite eruptions and collateral subsidence in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...version: In this window In a new window Figure 8. Oblique aerial view looking north-northeast along the line of the Horohoro fault...Kobayashi, T., Ishihara, K., Suzuki-Kamata, K., and Fukushima, D., 2003, Sakurajima volcano and pyroclastic deposits...

D.M. Gravley; C.J.N. Wilson; G.S. Leonard; J.W. Cole

394

Northern Hemispheric cryosphere response to volcanic eruptions in the Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project 3 last  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PMIP3) project to determine whether current state-of-the-art models produce sudden changes it is not sustained beyond a decade. Sea ice expansion in the North Atlantic is seen in some PMIP3 models after large eruptions, although none of these models produce significant centennial-scale effects. Warm Baffin Island

Robock, Alan

395

Absorption of Visible Radiation by Aerosols in the Volcanic Plume of Mount St. Helens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extent absorption of solar radia-tion might reduce...front of an opal glass slab, which acts as a Lambert...surface as both particle collector and optical integrator...micro-scopic analyses of the collectors, which for the 19 May...a single pass of the solar beam through an optically...

J. A. OGREN; R. J. CHARLSON; L. F. RADKE; S. K. DOMONKOS

1981-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

396

Laboratory investigation of constitutive property up-scaling in volcanic tuffs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the critical issues facing the Yucca Mountain site characterization and performance assessment programs is the manner in which property up-scaling is addressed. Property up-scaling becomes an issue whenever heterogeneous media properties are measured at one scale but applied at another. A research program has been established to challenge current understanding of property up-scaling with the aim of developing and testing improved models that describe up-scaling behavior in a quantitative manner. Up-scaling of constitutive rock properties is investigated through physical experimentation involving the collection of suites of gas-permeability data measured over a range of discrete scales. To date, up-scaling studies have been performed on a series of tuff and sandstone (used as experimental controls) blocks. Samples include a welded, anisotropic tuff (Tiva Canyon Member of the Paintbrush Tuff, upper cliff microstratigraphic unit), and a moderately welded tuff (Tiva Canyon Member of the Paintbrush Tuff, Caprock microstratigraphic unit). A massive fluvial sandstone (Berea Sandstone) was also investigated as a means of evaluating the experimental program and to provide a point of comparison for the tuff data. Because unsaturated flow is of prime interest to the Yucca Mountain Program, scoping studies aimed at investigating the up-scaling of hydraulic properties under various saturated conditions were performed to compliment these studies of intrinsic permeability. These studies focused on matrix sorptivity, a constitutive property quantifying the capillarity of a porous medium. 113 refs.

Tidwell, V.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geohydrology Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

From volcanic origins of chemoautotrophic life to Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...have involved all chromosomes. Initiating nicks would have occurred indiscriminately in...for ring formation. Relaxation by the nicks would have obviated helicase and topoisomerase...assumptions and therefore it is without empirical merit. Let me briefly state the reasons...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

The Dundonald deposit; an example of volcanic-type nickel-sulfide mineralization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...197I): Archeannickel sulphide depositsin Canada: their classification, geologicalsetting and genesiswith somesugggs-iions as to exploration./n Symposium on Ar-cheanRocks(J.E. Glover, ed.), Geol,Soc,Aust. Spec,Publ. g, 2AL'226...

J. E. Muir; C. D. A. Comba

399

CLIMATIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE MASSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTION OF 1258  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the source volcano for the 13th century aerial fal- lout remains unknown. A Madinah, Saudi Arabia, eruption in 1256 (Camp et al., Climatic Change 45: 361­374, 2000. © 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed

400

Hydrogen Isotopes in Lunar Volcanic Glasses and Melt Inclusions Reveal a Carbonaceous Chondrite Heritage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2), and that the water was not completely lost...evidence that Earth’s water budget and isotopic...high-temperature convective atmospheric envelope surrounding...and simply inherited water from the proto-Earth...observations by the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory...

Alberto E. Saal; Erik H. Hauri; James A. Van Orman; Malcolm J. Rutherford

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Elemental and gamma-ray surveys in the volcanic soils of Ischia Island, Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...M.G., The distribution of Uranium over Europe: geological and...Epidemiologia e Prevenzione Extract from Cancer Report Atlas of Cancer Mortality in the Campania Region...Belkin, H. E., Occurrence of Uranium, Thorium and REE bearing minerals...

P. Frattini; B. De Vivo; A. Lima; D. Cicchella

402

Magnitude scale for LP events: a quantification scheme for volcanic quakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......proportionality between the energy and the coda duration cannot...extended to VLP events. The energy associated with a tremor...complex, Southern Andes, Argentina. J. Volc. Geotherm. Res...284-294. Kanamori H. Energy Release in great earthquakes......

E. Del Pezzo; F. Bianco; I. Borgna

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Characterization of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash particles and a protocol for rapid risk assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with significant loss of life during the Laki eruption...the supernatant. The remaining solids were dried for a day in a glove box...1938 ) Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers . J Am...21 Soares C ( 2007 ) Gas Turbines: A Handbook of Air...

S. R. Gislason; T. Hassenkam; S. Nedel; N. Bovet; E. S. Eiriksdottir; H. A. Alfredsson; C. P. Hem; Z. I. Balogh; K. Dideriksen; N. Oskarsson; B. Sigfusson; G. Larsen; S. L. S. Stipp

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Integrating retrievals of volcanic cloud characteristics from satellite remote sensors: a summary  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pressure using the Ca, H and K lines in the solar spectrum. Future designs of TOMS instruments...and Colima volcanoes, Costa Rica and Mexico: February 1982. J. Geophys. Res...eruptions of El Chichon Volcano (Chiapas, Mexico): character of the eruptions, ashfall...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Characterization of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash particles and a protocol for rapid risk assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...than if they remain airborne, but not all volatiles...stirring in water, so airborne particles...250-{mu}m fraction was sieved and the ? 250-{mu}m fraction was measured using laser absorption...SR ( 2008 ) Rapid releases of metal salts and...Kunz K ( 1998 ) Fires of the Earth, The...

S. R. Gislason; T. Hassenkam; S. Nedel; N. Bovet; E. S. Eiriksdottir; H. A. Alfredsson; C. P. Hem; Z. I. Balogh; K. Dideriksen; N. Oskarsson; B. Sigfusson; G. Larsen; S. L. S. Stipp

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Characterization of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash particles and a protocol for rapid risk assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...they remain airborne, but not all...water, so airborne particles...mu}m fraction was sieved...mu}m fraction was measured...day in a glove box (98% N 2...2008 ) Rapid releases of metal salts...1998 ) Fires of the Earth...

S. R. Gislason; T. Hassenkam; S. Nedel; N. Bovet; E. S. Eiriksdottir; H. A. Alfredsson; C. P. Hem; Z. I. Balogh; K. Dideriksen; N. Oskarsson; B. Sigfusson; G. Larsen; S. L. S. Stipp

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Modelling risk and risking models: the diffusive boundary between science and policy in volcanic risk assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the appreciation that the eruptions may continue for 282 decades and should be regarded as a “chronic” problem for planning purposes (Donovan and 283 Oppenheimer, 2014). Managing this transition has required consistent yet innovative 284 approaches to scientific... to their advice. 524 There is abundant evidence of the political challenges of risk assessment and management on 525 Montserrat, and the complex boundaries and connectivities involved (Aspinall et al., 2002; 526 Haynes et al., 2007; Donovan and Oppenheimer...

Donovan, Amy R.; Oppenheimer, Clive

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

408

40Ar/39Ar Age of the Lathrop Wells Volcanic Center, Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are from the total fusion ofindivid-ual whole-rock...automated 40Ar/39Ar laser fusion-microextraction...solution and a 5% HF SCIENCE, VOL. 253...Ar-extraction system. Fusion was induced by a 6-W continuous Ar-ion laser beam focused to a...

BRENT D. TURRIN; DUANE CHAMPION; ROBERT J. FLECK

1991-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

409

Processes controlling porosity and permeability in volcanic reservoirs from the Austral and Neuquén basins, Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Philippines, based on continuous and spot core measurement: Geothermic, v.-33, p.-87-107. Storey, B.-C., T. Alabaster...georef;2007010845 2007-010845 Economic geology, geology of energy sources American Association of Petroleum Geologists Tulsa...

Patricia Sruoga; Nora Rubinstein

410

Exploration of volcanic geothermal energy resources based on rheological techniques. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tidal strain and tilt field observations were carried out during the period February 1978 to December 1979 at the Klamath Graben and Newberry Caldera in Oregon and at Krafla in Northern Iceland. Moreover, tilt observations were made at Mt. St. Helens, Washington, during the summer of 1980. Two strainmeters of the same type as now in use by the US Geological Survey were applied in the strain work. Tilts were measured by two Kinemetrics model TM-1B biaxial tilt meters. The instruments were placed at depths of approximately one to two meters below the ground surface. Both strain and tilt fields turn out to be heavily contaminated by noise that is mostly of thermoelastic origin. In spite of considerable efforts, it has not been possible to process the strain field data to obtain sufficiently clear tidal signals. The tilt data are less contaminated and rather clear tidal signals were observed at Newberry in Oregon and Krafla in Iceland. A local magnification by a factor of about 3 of the EW component of the theoretical solid earth and ocean load tilt was observed at one station at Krafla. Moreover, the tidal tilt component across the ring fault at Newberry appears to be magnified by a factor of 1.4 to 1.9. The phenomena at the Krafla may possibly be due to a local magma chamber. These results are a clear indication of a tilt field modification by local structure and indicate the possibility of using tilt data to locate subsurface magma bodies.

Bodvarsson, G.; Axelsson, G.; Johnson, A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Mantle updrafts and mechanisms of oceanic volcanism Don L. Andersona,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, than inferred from tomographic and tectonic features and mass balance calculations. That such narrow

Low, Steven H.

412

Faunas and Cambrian Volcanism on the Avalonian Marginal Platform, Southern New Brunswick  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Material examined Fragmentary cranidia (NBMG 12776, 12779, 12784, 12785, 12790), incomplete...16, incomplete cranidium, dorsal view, NBMG 12776, cranidium, dorsal view, NBMG 12776, 17, incomplete cranidium NBMG 12779, 3.6...

Ed Landing; Susan C. Johnson; Gerd Geyer

413

Northern lowlands of Mars: Evidence for widespread volcanic flooding and tectonic deformation in the Hesperian Period  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

age; (3) this unit is laterally contiguous with Early Hesperian-aged ridged plains in the southern Borealis Formation is a thin sedimentary unit superposed on regional ridged plains (Hr) and that its formed by this time; (4) Amazonian-aged smooth plains units, particularly in Amazonis Planitia, further

Head III, James William

414

Volcanic hot spot detection from optical multispectral remote sensing data using artificial neural networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......then filtered through a linear threshold gate. The output signal is forwarded to another...right: 2006 August 31, 20:39 UTC. In red, lava pixels. In yellow, colour saturated...Books. Rothery D.A. , Francis P.W., Wood C.A. Volcano monitoring using short......

Alessandro Piscini; Valerio Lombardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Tephrochronology and Stratigraphy of Eocene and Oligocene Volcanic Ashes of East and Central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using neutron activation analysis (NAA) of bulk ash and glass shards, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) of bulk ash, and electron microprobe analysis of both apatite phenocrysts and glass shards to characterize their geochemistry...

Heintz, Mindi

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

Eruptive history and geochronology of the Mount Baker volcanic field, Washington  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...heterogeneous intrusive locus (Fig. 5; unit aoc). Along the 400-m-long west face...is the Ochotona intrusive complex (unit aoc; Figs. 5, 10) south of Table Mountain...appropriate age is the Ochotona complex (unit aoc), some components of which are petrographically...

417

A New Multidisciplinary Marine Monitoring System for the Surveillance of Volcanic and Seismic Areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...logistical elements-including ships, submersible vehicles, and specialized teams of operators-are...glass sphere with an auto-leveling platform; a low-frequency hydrophone (0...The Surface Buoy The surface buoy is a semi-rigid structure with a metal pole 20...

Giovanni Iannaccone; Sergio Guardato; Maurizio Vassallo; Luca Elia; Laura Beranzoli

418

The sulfur content of volcanic gases on Mars Fabrice Gaillard, a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principles, we model here the likely sulfur contents of (1) the martian and terrestrial mantles and (2 a denser atmosphere are shown to be dominated by CO ± CO2 and H2 ± H2O species, depending on fO2, sulfur by H2S, which should have favored the acidification of any persistent water layer. The calculated

Boyer, Edmond

419

Late Tertiary/Quaternary volcanics of southern Costa Rica and northern Panama  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent tectonic evolution of the Isthmus of Panama is marked by a complexity imparted by a subduction zone - magmatic arc, a transform plate boundary, and the attempted subduction of an aseismic ridge. In northern Panama andesites form the morphologically young Chiriqui stratovolcano, while in southern Costa Rica they are found interbedded with thick lahars. Two groups of andesites occur in the region. One is low in Si and K (Group I); the other high in Si and K (Group II). The Panamanian andesites belong to both the groups, while Costa Rican andesites are restricted to Group II. Group I andesites are glassy, plagioclase-phyric (An45 rims), and contain abundant augite (Wo46En46Fs8) and magnetite. Rare, resorbed olivine (Fo82) and amphibole are occasionally observed. The Group II andesites have similar mineralogy but also contain abundant pargasitic hornblende and minor orthopyroxene or pigeonite. Xenoliths are common in the Group II andesites of Chiriqui Volcano. Two types of xenoliths are recognized. Cumulate-textured, hornblende gabbro xenoliths vary from nearly pure plagioclase to nearly pure amphibole. These gabbroic xenoliths contain plagioclase (An90 cores to An53 rims), augite, and pargasitic hornblende often displaying the same reaction products as found in the andesites. These xenoliths are interpreted as cognate. These andesites are all characterized by high alkalis and alkali earths; Group II have over 1500 ppm Ba and 1000 ppm Sr. They are apparently produced by partial melting of a highly metasomatised mantle followed by high-pressure fractionation dominated by hornblende.

Roy, A.; Byerly, G.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A 7000 yr perspective on volcanic ash clouds affecting northern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Daniell, J.R.G., Hunt, J.B., Molloy, K., and O Connell, M., 2004, Tephrostratigraphy of An Loch Mor, Inis Oirr, western Ireland: Implications for Holocene tephrochronology in the northeastern Atlantic region: The Holocene, v...

Graeme T. Swindles; Ian T. Lawson; Ivan P. Savov; Charles B. Connor; Gill Plunkett

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Spherical and ellipsoidal volcanic sources at Long Valley caldera, California, using a genetic algorithm inversion technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We model the second inflation period at Long Valley caldera, California using a genetic algorithm technique and high quality geodetic measurements of elevation changes and baseline extensions. We compare two source inversions for both spherical Mogi point sources and the finite prolate ellipsoid of Yang and Davis. A sensitivity analysis for the genetic algorithm is performed based upon synthetic data set inversions on similar sources in order to better constrain the areal location, orientation, and volume of the potential sources. The spherical sources are well constrained, the larger located at 9.9 km beneath the resurgent dome, with a volume of 0.036 km3, while the second, at only 0.008 km3, is located at a depth of 7.3 km beneath the south moat. The depths to the ellipsoidal sources are switched, with the larger source at a depth of 9.6 km and the smaller at 11.8 km, with volumes of 0.037 and 0.002 km3, respectively.

K.F Tiampo; J.B Rundle; J Fernandez; J.O Langbein

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A Physical Model For The Origin Of Volcanism Of The Tyrrhenian...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with processes of crustal deformation associated with "hot masses" as well as fracture systems along three branches, often separated by a 120 angle. Such fracture...

423

Dating the onset of volcanism at the Rum Igneous Centre, NW Scotland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...laser at the maximum power range. Irradiations were carried out in the 5 MW research reactor at the GKSS Research Centre (Geesthacht, Germany), with crystals in aluminium trays and cans (no Cd liner). The 40Ar/39Ar laser analyses were performed at...

VALENTIN R. TROLL; GRAEME R. NICOLL; COLIN H. DONALDSON; HENRY C. EMELEUS

424

Layered Hydrothermal Barite-Sulfide Mound Field, East Diamante Caldera, Mariana Volcanic Arc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...For samples with high Ba, Zn, Cu, or...total S by induction furnace/infrared spectrophotometry...elemental S by leach/furnace/IR. Duplicate...an index of the efficiency of a reduced set...in a well-type, high-resolution gammaray...Low-temperature, focused venting of hydrothermal fluids...

James R. Hein; Cornel E.J. de Ronde; Randolph A. Koski; Robert G. Ditchburn; Kira Mizell; Yoshihiko Tamura; Robert J. Stern; Tracey A. Conrad; Osamu Ishizuka; Matthew I. Leybourne

425

Non-equilibrium degassing and a primordial source for helium in ocean-island volcanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Helge M. Gonnermann1 { & Sujoy Mukhopadhyay1 Radioactive decay of uranium and thorium produces 4 He in conjunction with radiogenic ingrowth of 4 He, which has led to a volatile-depleted upper mantle (MORB source

Mukhopadhyay, Sujoy

426

Asphalt Volcanism and Chemosynthetic Life in the Campeche Knolls, Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sciences Department, Texas A & M University-Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA. imacdonald@falcon.tamucc...Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | 0 Gases 0 Hydrocarbons 0 Petroleum 8052-42-4 asphalt...

I. R. MacDonald; G. Bohrmann; E. Escobar; F. Abegg; P. Blanchon; V. Blinova; W. Brückmann; M. Drews; A. Eisenhauer; X. Han; K. Heeschen; F. Meier; C. Mortera; T. Naehr; B. Orcutt; B. Bernard; J. Brooks; M. de Faragó

2004-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

427

Volcanic inflation measured in the caldera of Axial Seamount: Implications for magma supply and future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.W.Chadwick@noaa.gov) [1] Since 2000, ambient seawater pressure has been precisely measured at five seafloor benchmarks vehicle to deploy a mobile pressure recorder (MPR) in campaign-style surveys. Additionally, seawater with magma storage in a shallow reservoir underlying the caldera at a depth of $3.5 km, and the current

Nooner, Scott

428

Response of a bubble bearing viscoelastic fluid to rapid decompression: Implications for explosive volcanic eruptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response of a bubble bearing viscoelastic fluid to rapid decompression: Implications for explosive Abstract We conducted rapid decompression experiments using bubble-bearing viscoelastic fluid in a vertical of the bubbles, DP=Pg Ã?Po, to understand the behavior of bubbly-magmas under rapid decompression. We find

Manga, Michael

429

Palaeomagnetism and the age of the Cracow volcanic rocks (S Poland)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......related to the collision of Baltica with Kazakhstan as suggested by Mattern (2001). Figure...directions of Palaeo-Tethys subduction, and Kazakhstan plate collision are also marked. (b...Seghedi A., Oaile G., Gradinaru E., Radon S., 1995. Central and North Dobrogea......

J. Nawrocki; M. Fanning; A. Lewandowska; O. Polecho?ska; T. Werner

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Surface subsidence caused by mantle plumes and volcanic loading in large igneous provinces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Shijie Zhong Department of Physics University of Colorado at Boulder, CO 80309, USA a b s t r a c ta r surface uplifts subsidence mantle plume loading Large igneous provinces form with massive flood basalts geological observations indicate surface subsidence in the central region before or during flood basalt

Zhong, Shijie

431

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1002/, Investigating Dunedin Whistlers using Volcanic Lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Aleutian Islands, a region populated with active volcanoes. Their presence has allowed us to per- form- tosphere at a field-aligned plasma density irregularity, it will be closely guided along the magnetic fieldUniversity of Cape Town, Cape Town, 7701, South Africa 2Exegetic Analytics, Durban, 4001, South Africa 3

Otago, University of

432

Using TDR and Inverse Modeling to Characterize Solute Transport in a Layered Agricultural Volcanic Soil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ranges from 7 to 9 depending on the composition and degree of crystallinity (van Olphen...Assessing temporal variations in soil water composition with time domain reflectometry. Soil...mathematical model for simulating water and agrochemicals in the soil and vadose environment...

A. Ritter; R. Muñoz-Carpena; C. M. Regalado; M. Javaux; M. Vanclooster

433

Ar geochronology of magmatic activity, magma ux and hazards at Ruapehu volcano, Taupo Volcanic Zone,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Auckland, New Zealand e New Mexico Geochronological Research Laboratory, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM, USA f New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Exploration, Socorro, NM, USA Received ka includes an entire s 300-m section of lavas in Whangaehu gorge as well as some lavas in Ohinepango

Dunbar, Nelia W.

434

CV-2a: Plutonic - Recent or Active Volcanism | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making. In: Proceedings. Thirty-Ninth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering; 20140224; Stanford, California. Stanford, California: Stanford University; p. 8 Inga...

435

Groundwater flow in a volcanic–sedimentary coastal aquifer: Telde area, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Groundwater conditions in a 75- km2...coastal area around the town of Telde in eastern Gran Canaria island have been studied. Pliocene to Recent...2 day?1; 5 and 0.5 m day?1, respectively). These two formations a...

M. C. Cabrera; E. Custodio

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Electron Acceleration and Loss in the Earth'sElectron Acceleration and Loss in the Earth's Radiation Belts: The Contribution of WaveRadiation Belts: The Contribution of Wave--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is controversial ·· US National Security Space Architect:US National Security Space Architect: ­­ 13 satellitesLimits lifetime ·· ESA study 2001ESA study 2001 ­­ 3 out of 4 satellite designers said that3 out of 4 satellite;Satellite LossesSatellite Losses ·· Internal charging and ESD is related toInternal charging and ESD

Chan, Anthony Arthur

437

Studies of the Idaho black shale belt: Stratigraphy, depositional environment, and economic geology of the Permian Dollarhide Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...similar to the upper member rocks in the Panther Gulch area (Fig. 2). Synge- neic...contact of the middle and upper members near Panther Gulch and on the North Fork of Deer Creek...Similarly, micaceous quartzites in and near Panther Gulch (Fig. 2) also contain apatite...

438

Rock-water interaction and evolution of sulphide ores in the late Archaean Chitradurga greenstone belt of southern India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sulphide ore mineralization developed in proximity to iron formations in a cyclic volcano-sedimentary sequence that forms the offshore part of the late Archaean intracratonic basin of the Chitradurga greenston...

H. N. Bhattacharyay; A. D. Mukherjee; P. K. Bhattacharyay

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Laboratory measurements of elastic anisotropy parameters for the exposed crustal rocks from the Hidaka Metamorphic Belt, Central Hokkaido, Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......microstructures and obtain Tsvankin's anisotropic parameters (an extension...phase velocity surfaces in anisotropic media sometimes deviate considerably...The elastic constants of anisotropic materials II, Adv. Phys...of indurated anistotropic shales, Surv. Geophys, 15, 481-494......

M. Takanashi; O. Nishizawa; K. Kanagawa; K. Yasunaga

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Timing of uplift in the Zagros belt/Iranian plateau and accommodation of late Cenozoic Arabia–Eurasia convergence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...likely related to the obducted mantle sheet. The predicted initial crustal thickness...necessary to balance the increase of potential energy associated with plateau growth led to...Geological Society, London 139 , 605-14. BlancE. J.-P., AllenM. B., IngerS...

F. MOUTHEREAU

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Local perturbations of the Earth’s radiation belt during the seismic event development in Japan on March 11, 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energetic electron bursts detected in the ARINA satellite experiment during the development of the catastrophic seismic event in Japan on March 11, 2011 are analyzed. Time profiles of the daily number of parti...

A. M. Galper; S. V. Koldashov; A. A. Ulitin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The sedimentological and geotechnical characteristics of the lower continental slope and rise of the Mississippi Fan fold belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study is based on geological and geotechnical laboratory testing data of 70 three inch diameter piston cores. Concentration is along the Sigsbee Escarpment in a grid area between 90? and 91?W and 26.7? and 27.3?N. Water depth ranges from 1...

Ramazanova, Rahila

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

Sedimentation and basin-fill history of the Neogene clastic succession exposed in the southeastern fold belt of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-water base-of-slope clastics overlain by thick slope mud that passes upward into shallow marine and nearshore at Dallas, 2601 North Floyd Road, Richardson, TX 75038-0688, USA. www.elsevier.com/locate/sedgeo Sedimentary and exploitation strategy for hydrocarbon plays that may prove vital to the oil companies engaged in exploration

Kulp, Mark

444

Identification of chemical sedimentary protoliths using iron isotopes in the N3750 Ma Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal belt, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identification of chemical sedimentary protoliths using iron isotopes in the N3750 Ma Nuvvuagittuq partly homogenized Fe isotopes. Variable Fe isotope compositions of bulk quartz­magnetite rocks

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

445

HEPPA 2011 Session 3. 3.6 Radiation belt electron precipitation due to geomagnetic storms: significance to middle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the significance of this particular period of electron precipitation to neutral atmospheric chemistry. Building in September 2005. Through application of the Sodankyl¨a Ion and Neutral Chemistry model, we examine by using a time-varying energy spectrum determined from the DEMETER satellite. We show that the large

Ulich, Thomas

446

Research for ANSI accredited “Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certificate Program” in Packaging Science for Undergraduate Students.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research project is a result of a problem-solving proposal that was submitted to Program Chair Dr. Daniel Goodwin on June 28, 2010. The proposal… (more)

Sharma, Ankush

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Dropouts of the outer electron radiation belt in response to solar wind stream interfaces: global positioning system observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...epoch plots of both solar wind and magnetospheric...67 SIs. In each panel the superposed epoch...The lower three panels give the solar wind radial velocity...Superposed epoch plots of solar wind and magnetospheric...table-2. In each panel the superposed epoch...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Diagnosing and Picturing the North Atlantic Segment of the Global Conveyor Belt by Means of an Ocean General Circulation Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The monthly mean velocity, salinity, and temperature fields of a numerical simulation of the World Ocean climatological circulation are used to study the intensity and pathways associated with the meridional overturning in the North Atlantic. ...

Bruno Blanke; Michel Arhan; Sabrina Speich; Karine Pailler

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Role of the Bering Strait on the hysteresis of the ocean conveyor belt circulation and glacial climate stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...takes place over 500 model years. Studies based on earth system models of intermediate complexity (EMICs) and a coarse...differ from the AMOC hysteresis simulations using earth system models of intermediate complexity (EMICs...

Aixue Hu; Gerald A. Meehl; Weiqing Han; Axel Timmermann; Bette Otto-Bliesner; Zhengyu Liu; Warren M. Washington; William Large; Ayako Abe-Ouchi; Masahide Kimoto; Kurt Lambeck; Bingyi Wu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Heterogeneous deformation in a ductile fold-thrust belt: The Proterozoic structural history of the Tusas Mountains, New Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and mica "fish" in mylonitic quartz- ite of the Taos and Cimmaron Ranges (Gram- bling and others, 1989; J. A. Grambling...sional tectonic event such as that proposed for the Taos and Cimmaron Ranges (Grambling and others, 1989). Grambling and others...

451

110101BenefitsNuclearFission.ppt [Read-Only]  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Benefits of Nuclear Fission to Benefits of Nuclear Fission to the Civilian Space Program Gary Langford Fission Project Manager NASA MSFC NERAC Nov. 6, 2001 2 * Outer solar system exploration. * Planetary or lunar surface missions (robotic or human). * High-performance propulsion for human missions. * Advanced applications. Uses of Nuclear Fission in the Civilian Space Program Highly advanced propulsion, extremely high power surface applications. 3 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 Phase 1 * 10-500 kW NEP * 10-500 kW spacecraft & surface powerplants Phase 3 * 10-1000 MW, 0.1-1 kg/kW NEP * >2000 s Isp gas/plasma-based NTR Phase 2 * 1-100 MW, 1-10 kg/kW NEP * 900-1000 s Isp solid- core NTR * Multi-MW space & surface powerplants Kuiper Belt Exploration Triton Lander Europa Ocean Science Station Pluto Orbiter Large Asteroids Io Volcanic Observer

452

Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate Geothermal Gradients From Measurements In Deep Boreholes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate Geothermal Gradients From Measurements In Deep Boreholes Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: This paper presents estimates of the undisturbed formation temperatures in a geothermal exploration well drilled in the Ceboruco area in the western part of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. The method used assumes

453

Over the past few years, a lot of research has been done on volcanic lakes. Research on this subject is important, as the chemical composition of volcanic lakes can clearly reflect upcoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the hydrothermal system of such a lake. By having knowledge over such systems, eruptions may be predicted better functionalities for safely processing the data has been created. The system makes use of various methods to insure hydrothermal system. Other then heat, the rising water can also bring along dissolved minerals, changing

Emmerich, Michael

454

Deposits, character and timing of recent eruptions and gravitational collapses in Tatun Volcanic Group, Northern Taiwan: Hazard-related issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as well as two nuclear power plants built directly near the foot of the volcanoes. The TVG itself includes Taiwan Taipei City, with a population of around 8 million, as well as two nuclear power plants is located of the nuclear power plants may have a global impact. The potential for renewed activity of the TVG has been

Belousov, Alexander

455

Origin of geochemical heterogeneity in the mantle : constraints from volcanism associated with Hawaiian and Kerguelen mantle plumes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lavas derived from long-lived mantle plumes provide important information of mantle compositions and the processes that created the geochemical heterogeneity within the mantle. Kerguelen and Hawaii are two long-lived mantle ...

Xu, Guangping

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Cryospheric Response to Volcanic Eruptions in the1 Paleoclimate Model Intercomparison Project 3 Last Millennium Simulations2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) project to determine whether current state-of-the-art50 models produce sudden changes and persistence beyond a decade. Sea ice54 expansion in the North Atlantic is seen in some PMIP3 models after large eruptions, although55 none of these models produce significant centennial-scale effects. Warm biases

Robock, Alan

457

Magmatism, ash-flow tuffs, and calderas of the ignimbrite flareup in the western Nevada volcanic field, Great Basin, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with many geologists, especially Joe Colgan, Jim Faulds, Nick Hinz, Myron Best, Mark Hudson, Eric Christiansen, Brian...R.F., Andriessen, P.A.M., Mehnert, H.H., and Merritt, V.M., 1986, Ages of igneous and hydrothermal events in...

Christopher D. Henry; David A. John

458

Absence of Cocos plate subduction-related basic volcanism in southern Mexico: A unique case on Earth?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...included is composition of subducted Cocos plate (Verma, 2001; AOC-altered oceanic crust); basic rocks from rifts are shown...included is composition of subducted Cocos plate (Verma, 2001; AOC--altered oceanic crust); basic rocks from rifts are shown...

459

Ambient Airborne Solids Concentrations Including Volcanic Ash at Hanford, Washington Sampling Sites Subsequent to the Mount St. Helens Eruption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major eruption of Mount St. Helens occurred on May 18, 1980. Subsequently, airborne solid concentrations were measured as a function of time at two sites within the southern edge of the fallout plume about 211 km east of Mount St. Helens. This ash was a source for investigating area-wide resuspension. Rain had a variable effect on decreasing airborne concentrations from resuspension. From 0.5 to 1.5 cm of rain were required to significantly reduce airborne solid concentrations through July. For a more aged resuspension source in September, a rain of 2.0 cm had a negligible effect. A monthly average threshold-wind speed for resuspension was defined as 3.6 m/s. For monthly-average wind speeds less than the threshold wind speed, monthly-average airborne concentrations tended to decrease with time. A decrease was recorded between September and October. For this 4-month time period, the half-life was on the order of 50 days, corresponding to a weathering rate of 5.1 year/sup -1/.

Sehmel, G.A.

1982-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

460

Stratospheric Loading of Sulfur from Explosive Volcanic Eruptions1 Gregg J. S. Bluth, William I. Rose, Ian E. Sprod,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Rose, Ian E. Sprod,2 and Arlin J. Krueger3 Department of Geological Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931 A B S T R A C T This paper is an attempt to measure our the solar energy reaching the earth's surface. The sulfate aerosols stratosphere, roughly 1% of man

Rose, William I.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A detailed study of the site effects in the volcanic area of Campi Flegrei using empirical approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......To obtain a detailed site-effect estimation of the Campi Flegrei...data set used for this site-effect evaluation in the Campi Flegrei...2005). For two weeks, the ship Le Nadir produced source shots...behaviour suggests a topographical effect. These observations agree with......

Anna Tramelli; Danilo Galluzzo; Edoardo Del Pezzo; Mauro A. Di Vito

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Magmatism at the west Iberia non-volcanic rifted continental margin: evidence from analyses of magnetic anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......recorded on land in the Lusitanian Basin (Ribeiro et al. 1979; Martins...tectonics in the Jeanne d'Arc Basin, offshore Newfoundland: implications...Australia: Great Australian Bight and western sections, Geol...in the Australian-Antarctic Basin: are they isochrons?, J......

S. M. Russell; R. B. Whitmarsh

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Magmatism at the west Iberia non-volcanic rifted continental margin: evidence from analyses of magnetic anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the production of greater volumes of melt leads...the Jeanne d'Arc Basin, offshore Newfoundland...margin of Australia: Great Australian Bight and western sections...magnetic anomalies in the Australian-Antarctic Basin: are they isochrons......

S. M. Russell; R. B. Whitmarsh

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Time-varying autoregressive model for spectral analysis of microseismic experiments and long-period volcanic events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......parts of the signal. The study of long-term phenomena, such as resonance...operations, carbon capture and storage and waste water disposal, suffers from...experiments, or CO2 injection and storage. Likewise, a better time-frequency......

J. B. Tary; R. H. Herrera; M. van der Baan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

IGNEOUS, METAMORPHIC AND VOLCANIC STUDIES Mike Bickle, Dan McKenzie, Andy Woods, Marie Edmonds, Albert Galy, Sally Gibson,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Hydrothermal processes We are studying magmatic and hydrothermal processes at mid-ocean ridges and ophiolites as well as using hydrothermal minerals compositions as a constraint on the chemical composition of past ocean waters. Carbon sequestration We are studying the field geology, petrology and geochemistry

Cambridge, University of

466

Atmospheric chemistry of a 3334 hour old volcanic cloud from Hekla Volcano (Iceland): Insights from direct sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trihydrate (NAT), sulfuric acid tetrahydrate (SAT), and liquid ternary solution H2SO4/H2O/HNO3 (STS period of daylight, consistent with the very low levels of ozone observed. This combination

Rose, William I.

467

Upper-mantle anisotropy beneath the Cameroon Volcanic Line and Congo Craton from shear wave splitting measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......material from a large rising thermal anomaly beneath southern Ethiopia...Central Africa from Angola to Sudan. In the Archaean, the Gabon-Cameroon...attributed to convection driven by thermal gradients between the asthenosphere...upper-mantle LPO due to the thermal gradient at the edge of the......

Franklin W. Koch; Douglas A. Wiens; Andrew A. Nyblade; Patrick J. Shore; Rigobert Tibi; B. Ateba; C.T. Tabod; J. M. Nnange

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

NAME M/YEAR MASTERS THESES TITLES COMMENTS SCOPEL, ROBERT B Jun-49 The Volcanic History of Jackson Hole, Wyoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Coldwater Formation in the Area of the Allegan Area of Southwestern Michigan ROWE, DEAN E Aug-51 Hole, Wyoming SIMONS, MERTON E Aug-49 Insoluble Residues of the Traverse Group in the Petoskey Area. Jun-50 Geology of an Area North of Gardener, Montana MORDEN, AUDLEY D., JR Jun-50 Stratigraphy

Berdichevsky, Victor

469

Study of Volcanic Sources at Long Valley Caldera, California, Using Gravity Data and a Genetic Algorithm Inversion Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We model the source inflation of the Long Valley Caldera, California, using a genetic algorithm ... numerous attempts to model the magma injection at Long Valley Caldera from deformation data, this has proven...

M. Charco; J. Fernández; K. Tiampo…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Study of Volcanic Sources at Long Valley Caldera, California, Using Gravity Data and a Genetic Algorithm Inversion Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We model the source inflation of the Long Valley Caldera, California, using a genetic algorithm ... numerous attempts to model the magma injection at Long Valley Caldera from deformation data, this has proven...

M. Charco; J. Fernández; K. Tiampo; M. Battaglia; L. Kellogg…

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Monitoring unrest in a large silicic caldera, the long Valley-inyo craters volcanic complex in east-central California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent patterns of geologic unrest in long Valley caldera in east-central California emphasize that...

D. P. Hill

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Potential impact on water resources from future volcanic eruptions at Long Valley, Mono County, California, U.S.A.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earthquakes, ground deformation, and increased geothermal activity at Long Valley caldera after mid-1980 suggest the possibility ... Mono Basin plus surface and groundwater in Owens Valley accounts for about 80 p...

R. Forrest Hopson

473

Time-varying autoregressive model for spectral analysis of microseismic experiments and long-period volcanic events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......than the brittle failure energy corresponding to the...a part of the missing energy. Fluid injection monitoring...applications, such as geothermal operations, carbon capture...limitation. As the needs in energy are growing and climate...and their computational cost. 2 METHODS 2.1 Short-time......

J. B. Tary; R. H. Herrera; M. van der Baan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Source of the great A.D. 1257 mystery eruption unveiled, Samalas volcano, Rinjani Volcanic Complex, Indonesia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cold summer with incessant rains, associated with devastating floods and poor harvests (10). The interhemispheric transport of tephra and sulfate suggests...shook the Earth, stranded in Leneng (Lenek), dragged by the boulder flows, People escaped and some of them climbed the hills...

Franck Lavigne; Jean-Philippe Degeai; Jean-Christophe Komorowski; Sébastien Guillet; Vincent Robert; Pierre Lahitte; Clive Oppenheimer; Markus Stoffel; Céline M. Vidal; Surono; Indyo Pratomo; Patrick Wassmer; Irka Hajdas; Danang Sri Hadmoko; Edouard de Belizal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

40Ar/39Ar geochronology, paleomagnetism, and evolution of the Boring volcanic field, Oregon and Washington, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...at each site using a portable gasoline-powered drill, and were oriented...Portland Basin-A (big) river runs through it: GSA Today, v...Burns, S., 2011, A tunnel runs through it-An inside view...Least squares fitting of a straight line with correlated errors...

Robert J. Fleck; Jonathan T. Hagstrum; Andrew T. Calvert; Russell C. Evarts; Richard M. Conrey

476

Behaviour of a small sedimentary volcanic aquifer receiving irrigation return flows: La Aldea, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain)  

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In many arid and semi-arid areas, intensive cultivation is practiced despite water commonly being a limiting factor. Often, irrigation water is from local aquifers or imported from out-of-area aquifers and surfac...

T. Cruz-Fuentes; J. Heredia; M. C. Cabrera; E. Custodio

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Origin and diagenesis of the Roque Nublo breccia, Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) — Petrology of roque nublo volcanics, II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Pliocene Roque Nublo Series, the second of three major magmatic series on Gran Canaria (Canary Islands), consists of a lower...

G. Brey; H. U. Schmincke

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Plutonic rocks of intermediate composition on Gran Canaria: the missing link of the bimodal volcanic rock suite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analysis of abundant plutonic fragments in the voluminous Miocene rhyolitic–basaltic composite ignimbrite P1, the initial felsic cooling unit overlying the basaltic shield on Gran Canaria, helps to solve the prob...

B. Freundt-Malecha

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Late Cenozoic structure and stratigraphy of south-central Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural framework of the Columbia Basin began developing before Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) volcanism. Prior to 17.5 Ma, the eastern part of the basin was a relatively stable area, with a basement of Paleozoic and older crystalline rock. The western part was an area of subsidence in which large volumes of sediment and volcanic rocks accumulated. Concurrent with eruption of the CRBG, anticlinal ridges of the Yakima Fold Belt (YFB) were growing under north-south compression. Topographic expression of these features was later masked by the large volume of CRBG basalt flowing west from fissures in the eastern Columbia Basin. The folds continued to develop after cessation of volcanism, leading to as much as 1,000 m of structural relief in the past 10 million years. Post-CRBG evolution of the Columbia Basin is recorded principally in folding and faulting in the YFB and sediments deposited in the basins. The accompanying tectonism resulted in lateral migration of major depositional systems into subsiding structural lows. Although known late Cenozoic faults are on anticlinal ridges, earthquake focal mechanisms and contemporary strain measurements indicate most stress release is occurring in the synclinal areas under north-south compression. There is no obvious correlation between focal mechanisms for earthquakes whose foci are in the CRBG and the location of known faults. High in situ stress values help to explain the occurrence of microseismicity in the Columbia Basin but not the pattern. Microseismicity appears to occur in unaltered fresh basalt. Faulted basalt associated with the YFB is highly brecciated and commonly altered to clay. The high stress, abundance of ground water in confined aquifers of the CRBG, and altered basalt in fault zones suggest that the frontal faults on the anticlinal ridges probably have some aseismic deformation. 85 refs.

Reidel, S.P. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)]|[Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Dept. of Geology; Campbell, N.P. [Yakima Valley Coll., WA (United States); Fecht, K.R.; Lindsey, K.A. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The political economy of conflict between indigenous communities and dominant societies: adivasis, Maoist insurgents and the state in the central Indian tribal belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ha gått fra vettet. My parents – Alison and David Kennedy – have been very supportive of my decision to become a seemingly perpetual student and I am very grateful to them for that. And I would also like to thank my grandparents. Growing up, I have... ! CONTENTS Acknowledgements i Contents iii List of tables iv List of figures v Abbreviations vi District-wise map of India vii Introduction 1 1. Literature review 10 2. Methodology...

Kennedy, Jonathan

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trans-mexican volcanic belt" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Purdue Improved Cowpea StoragePurdue Improved Cowpea StoragePurdue Improved Cowpea Storage Train-the-Trainer Extension Workshops in the Middle Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purdue Improved Cowpea StoragePurdue Improved Cowpea StoragePurdue Improved Cowpea Storage Train, Jim Murren, traveled to Nigeria from August 5- 21, 2009 to assist in conducting a "Train and central Nigeria to carry out more than 23 training workshops in state capitals and surrounding villages

482

Parameterization of meander-belt elements in high-resolution three-dimensional seismic data using the GeoTime cube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

study of a fluvio-estuarine reservoir from Suriname demonstrates how fluvial point bars, channel fills

van Vliet, Lucas J.

483

Differential Virulence of Clinical and Bovine-Biased Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 Genotypes in Piglet and Dutch Belted Rabbit Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and RAJ) were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variation...sham-inoculated rabbits. The Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's multiple comparison...Mann-Whitney two-tailed test and Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's multiple comparison...

Smriti Shringi; Alexis García; Kevin K. Lahmers; Kathleen A. Potter; Sureshkumar Muthupalani; Alton G. Swennes; Carolyn J. Hovde; Douglas R. Call; James G. Fox; Thomas E. Besser

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

484

Studies on fish waste management practices in Aroor Seafood Industrial Belt, Kerala and conversion of seafood waste into a liquid plant growth supplement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study was materialized to analyze the management issues regarding the seafood processing waste generated including its impact on the coastal community in one of… (more)

Abhilash, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Nevoria gold skarn deposit in Archean iron-formation, Southern Cross greenstone belt, Western Australia; I, Tectonic setting, petrography, and classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pyrrhotitedominatespyriteataratioofabout20:1.Pyrrhotite formsmicron-sizedblebsenclosedinhedenbergiteandferro...ZONED6ROS-OlOPANO 8LASTOSEHEOA6 REBATES ITH010P-HBL VEINS SELVAGES...vallandfoot vallcontactsofBIF-1.Thehigh-gradecontactskarnsgive...skarns: temperatures(500 -650 C,Table5). 1. The regionalsettingof...

Andreas G. Mueller

486

A new stratigraphic framework for the Gaspé Belt in southern Quebec: implications for the pre-Acadian Appalachians of eastern Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Natural Resources and Energy, 26th Annual review...Natural Resources and Energy, Minerals and Energy Division, Mineral Resources...laterally equivalent. Independant evidence supports the...Resources Canada Quebec City, QC Canada Malo Michel...

Denis Lavoie; Esther Asselin

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - asteroids Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a Quick & Easy Asteroid Belt Tactile Graphic to use with VI Individuals for Vesta Fiesta Activities Summary: Creating a Quick & Easy Asteroid Belt Tactile Graphic to use...

488

US Continental Interior Precambrian-Paleozoic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= Reelfoot Rift, LD = La Salle deformation belt, WB = Williston Basin, IB = Illinois Basin, MB = Michigan

489

Boron and lead isotope signatures of subduction-zone mlange formation: Hybridization and fractionation along the slab-mantle interface beneath volcanic arcs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Boron and lead isotope signatures of subduction-zone mélange formation: Hybridization and Pb isotope determinations for the mélange matrix of the Catalina Schist, CA. Within the Catalina. The B and Pb isotope systems are widely applied tracers of recycling processes occurring during

490

Normal thickness of the upper mantle transition zone in NE Brazil does not favour mantle plumes as origin for intraplate Cenozoic volcanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Province (Fig.-1). The permanent stations belong to the Rede Sismografica do Nordeste (RSISNE) monitoring network, which...Seismographic Network RCBR 5.83 35.90 134 430 3 671 6 241 7 Rede Sismografica do Nordeste NBAN 9.67 36.28 33 410 4 650 9 241......

A. G. Pinheiro; J. Julià

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Tertiary Volcanic Rocks, Mogollon-Datil Province, New Mexico, and Surrounding Region: K-Ar Dates, Patterns of Eruption, and Periods of Mineralization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...poor run. Intrudes Spears and Hells Mesa Formations (nos. 2, 3, 4, 5...Correlation uncertain Caps Hells Mesa and younger rocks in type section...Los Pi os Mountains, and North Chupadera Mesa, Valencia, Torrance, and Socorro...

492

Decarbonation and thermal microcracking under magmatic P-T-f CO2 conditions: the role of skarn substrata in promoting volcanic instability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Decarbonation experiments Both atmospheric (P c-=-0.1 MPa...function/waveform generator and two broad-band...the triple-weight water saturation method...recombination of CaO with atmospheric water vapour (e.g. Mollo......

S. Mollo; M. J. Heap; D. B. Dingwell; K.-U. Hess; G. Iezzi; M. Masotta; P. Scarlato; S. Vinciguerra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF SILICATE GLASSES: APPLICATIONS TO REMOTE SENSING OF VOLCANIC SURFACE UNITS ON EARTH AND MARS. Jeffrey M. Byrnes1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such type of remotely sensed data set that has been collected for Earth and Mars. TIR data has been used powder (typically 20- P#12; 3RZGHUHG HQG-members or mixtures were dried at 100ºC and then melted acquired for the preliminary suite of glasses using an FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) spectrometer

Ramsey, Michael

494

High-volume natural volcanic pozzolan and limestone powder as partial replacements for portland cement in self-compacting and sustainable concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the resulting self-compacting concrete (SCC). Petrographicity, which satisfy self-compacting concrete criteria withoutcement in self-compacting and sustainable concrete K. Celik

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

The Scuddles volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposit, Western Australia; geochemistry of the host rocks and evaluation of lithogeochemistry for exploration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ce Nd SmEuGd Dy Er Yb Ce Nd SmEuGd Dy Er Yb HANGING WALL MINERALIZED HORIZON FOOTWALL ]O.6. Stratigraphicvariatio o[c o Srite- ormalize8r ree rt elementabutSaucepatterns Scuddies. clearestmanifestationbeingthegeneraldepletionin Na, Ca,andSr(Table3...

David J. Whitford; P. M. Ashley

496

Fire and the persistence and decline of montane chaparral in mixed conifer forests in the southern Cascades, Lassen Volcanic National Park, CA.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Stands of montane chaparral are an integral component of the mixed conifer forest in the Cascade Mountains of northern California. In this region, chaparral stands… (more)

Airey, Catherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

This reference list is organized by metadata section. The reference lists for the various volcanic areas include both references cited in the text and other relevant references.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Analyses of gas samples from the summit crater in Lipman, P.W., and Mullineaux, D.R., eds., The 1980.R., 1994, Hydrothermal systems of the Cascade Range, north-central Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey of electrical conductivity calculation methods for natural waters: Limnology and Oceanography: Methods: v. 10, p

498

40Ar/39Ar ages and palaeomagnetism of transitionally magnetized volcanic rocks in the Society Islands, French Polynesia: Raiatea excursion in the upper-Gauss Chron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Experiment and data analysis Age determination...irradiated at the JMTR reactor with fast neutron...air. The blank analysis was conducted after...MP01 fulfilled the reliability criteria, respectively...laser-heating 40Ar/39Ar analysis: case study for...facility of the JMTR reactor, Japan, Geochem......

Y. Yamamoto; O. Ishizuka; M. Sudo; K. Uto

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Three-dimensional seismic structure and moment tensors of non-double-couple earthquakes at the Hengill–Grensdalur volcanic complex, Iceland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......as hot but solidified intrusions that fuel the geothermal area above. The currently...disks. Power was provided by lead-acid batteries. Two triggering digital stations of the...walked 1700km, many of them carrying 25kg batteries in addition to disks and spares. Figure......

A. D. Miller; B. R. Julian; G. R. Foulger

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Determination of flow directions by combining AMS and thin-section analyses: implications for Oligocene volcanism in the Kerguelen Archipelago (southern Indian Ocean)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......namely across Sections 1 (Port Christmas: 16 flows), 2 (Mont des...sampled sections: (1) Port Christmas: 16 flows, (2) Mont des...d) Associated reflected light microphotographs using an oil immersion lens: (c) natural light with different orientations......

G. Plenier; P. Camps; B. Henry; B. Ildefonse

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z