National Library of Energy BETA

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  1. FRm : John A. Deny, DitiSion Of

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    to : lieads of Divisions am3 Man DAW.: December 6, 1954 FRm : John A. Deny, DitiSion Of SPNBOL : csm-R:AcB The attached tabulation of active AEC contracts over $l,ooO,Mx) haa been ,xepared as a result of recurring requests fcr infmmatirm cm ow larger contracts. It consists ox- Pa-t I - E+ime contracts and Pert II - Sub- ccdxacts, and lists the contracts alphabetically bq Operations Office to shar; (1) tne of work being prformed by the contractcr; (2) contract rmter; (3).ac&ated dollar

  2. MIS | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    MIS NNSA's G2 Management Information System Wins Association for Enterprise Information's (AFEI) "Excellence in Enterprise Information Award" The G2 team and the 2015 Association for Enterprise Information's (AFEI) Excellence in Enterprise Information Award. (WASHINGTON, D.C) - The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has received the 2015 Association for Enterprise Information's (AFEI) Excellence in Enterprise Information

  3. U. S. Attic Grsrgy 'bmiss~o3 U. S. Atomic lb-al-w CamLf3sion December 27, S.957

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    a . - 3 U. S. Attic Grsrgy 'bmiss~o3 U. S. Atomic lb-al-w CamLf3sion December 27, S.957

  4. Tran_Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acid media into a deep eutectic solvent using bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate Presented by: Kate Tran, Eastern Kentucky University Merinda Volia, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A&M University Dr. Evgeny Tereshatov, Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University Advisor: Dr. Charles Folden III, Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University Introduction * Chemical properties of superheavy elements (Z > 108) are relatively unknown, with exception of element 112 * Preliminary research

  5. Trans Tech Green Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trans Tech Green Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Trans Tech Green Power Place: India Sector: Biomass Product: Plans to develop biomass projects in Rajasthan. References:...

  6. THE WIRED SURVEY. IV. NEW DUST DISKS FROM THE McCOOK and SION WHITE DWARF CATALOG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoard, D. W.; Wachter, Stefanie; Debes, John H.; Leisawitz, David T.; Cohen, Martin

    2013-06-10

    We have compiled photometric data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer All Sky Survey and other archival sources for the more than 2200 objects in the original McCook and Sion Catalog of Spectroscopically Identified White Dwarfs. We applied color-selection criteria to identify 28 targets whose infrared spectral energy distributions depart from the expectation for the white dwarf (WD) photosphere alone. Seven of these are previously known WDs with circumstellar dust disks, five are known central stars of planetary nebulae, and six were excluded for being known binaries or having possible contamination of their infrared photometry. We fit WD models to the spectral energy distributions of the remaining ten targets, and find seven new candidates with infrared excess suggesting the presence of a circumstellar dust disk. We compare the model dust disk properties for these new candidates with a comprehensive compilation of previously published parameters for known WDs with dust disks. It is possible that the current census of WDs with dust disks that produce an excess detectable at K-band and shorter wavelengths is close to complete for the entire sample of known WDs to the detection limits of existing near-IR all-sky surveys. The WD dust disk candidates now being found using longer wavelength infrared data are drawn from a previously underrepresented region of parameter space, in which the dust disks are overall cooler, narrower in radial extent, and/or contain fewer emitting grains.

  7. WebTrans Update - August 31, 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Notice: WebTrans Update Posted Date: 8312015 BPAT is deploying a minor change to Production webTrans in...

  8. WebTrans Update - September 9, 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Notice: WebTrans Update Posted Date: 992015 BPAT is deploying a change to Production webTrans today...

  9. Trans India Acquisition Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Acquisition Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Trans-India Acquisition Corporation Place: Delaware Sector: Solar Product: Blank check company to be merged with...

  10. Hydrogen Transition (HyTRANS) Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    optimization of an objective function that reflects private costs and benefits. ... Platform, Requirements & Availability HyTRANS is a dynamic, non- linear optimization, ...

  11. TransWest Old | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Old Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: TransWest Old EIS NEPA name unknown General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type EIS Applicant Not Provided...

  12. IRAK4 Dimerization and Trans-Autophosphorylation Are Induced...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    IRAK4 Dimerization and Trans-Autophosphorylation Are Induced by Myddosome Assembly Citation Details In-Document Search Title: IRAK4 Dimerization and Trans-Autophosphorylation Are ...

  13. EIS-0139: Trans-Alaska Gas System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes the Yukon Pacific Corporation's proposed construction of the Trans-Alaska Gas System (TAGS), a 796.5-mile long, 36-inch diameter pipeline to transport high-pressured natural gas between Prudhoe Bay and a tidewater terminal and liquefied natural gas plant near Anderson Bay, Alaska.

  14. New England Hydro-Trans Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydro-Trans Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: New England Hydro-Trans Corp Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 Website: www.transcanada.comindex.html Twitter:...

  15. New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 860 729 9767 Website: www.nehydropower.com...

  16. Transmission line relay mis-operation detection based on time-synchronized field data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Esmaeilian, Ahad; Popovic, Tomo; Kezunovic, Mladen

    2015-05-04

    In this paper, a real-time tool to detect transmission line relay mis-operation is implemented. The tool uses time-synchronized measurements obtained from both ends of the line during disturbances. The proposed fault analysis tool comes into the picture only after the protective device has operated and tripped the line. The proposed methodology is able not only to detect, classify, and locate transmission line faults, but also to accurately confirm whether the line was tripped due to a mis-operation of protective relays. The analysis report includes either detailed description of the fault type and location or detection of relay mis-operation. As such,more » it can be a source of very useful information to support the system restoration. The focus of the paper is on the implementation requirements that allow practical application of the methodology, which is illustrated using the field data obtained the real power system. Testing and validation is done using the field data recorded by digital fault recorders and protective relays. The test data included several hundreds of event records corresponding to both relay mis-operations and actual faults. The discussion of results addresses various challenges encountered during the implementation and validation of the presented methodology.« less

  17. Transmission line relay mis-operation detection based on time-synchronized field data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esmaeilian, Ahad; Popovic, Tomo; Kezunovic, Mladen

    2015-05-04

    In this paper, a real-time tool to detect transmission line relay mis-operation is implemented. The tool uses time-synchronized measurements obtained from both ends of the line during disturbances. The proposed fault analysis tool comes into the picture only after the protective device has operated and tripped the line. The proposed methodology is able not only to detect, classify, and locate transmission line faults, but also to accurately confirm whether the line was tripped due to a mis-operation of protective relays. The analysis report includes either detailed description of the fault type and location or detection of relay mis-operation. As such, it can be a source of very useful information to support the system restoration. The focus of the paper is on the implementation requirements that allow practical application of the methodology, which is illustrated using the field data obtained the real power system. Testing and validation is done using the field data recorded by digital fault recorders and protective relays. The test data included several hundreds of event records corresponding to both relay mis-operations and actual faults. The discussion of results addresses various challenges encountered during the implementation and validation of the presented methodology.

  18. EA-262 TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262 TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262 TransCanada ...

  19. Fracture toughness testing of bi-material joints with high strength mis-match

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kocak, M.; Hornet, P.; Cornec, A.; Schwalbe, K.H.

    1995-12-31

    This paper deals with the influence of strength mis-match on CTOD ({delta}{sub 5}) R-curves obtained from homogeneous and electron beam (EB) welded bimaterial CT and SENB specimens of two aluminum alloys. The R-curves of metal-metal bimaterial specimens are compared with the R-curves of each alloy to determine the effect of strength mismatch on the locally measured CTOD ({delta}{sub 5}) fracture toughness properties. The homogeneous specimens of two different aluminum alloys, namely 2024-FC and 2024-T351 with yield strengths of 80 and 360 MPa respectively, as well as EB welded bi-material 5 mm thick CT and SENB specimens (a/W = 0.15 and 0.5) have been tested at room temperature. The local CTOD ({delta}{sub 5}) fracture toughness measurements on such composite specimen configurations produced generally strength mis-match and geometry independent R-curves.

  20. Microsoft Word - tran_abstract.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate K.A.Tran 1,2 , M.F. Volia 1,3 , E.E. Tereshatov 1 , and C.M. Folden 1 1 Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 USA 2 Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY 40475 USA 3 Department of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 USA The chemical properties of superheavy elements are relatively unknown due to their short half- lives and difficulty of production. In preparation for a future experiment

  1. Coway International TechTrans Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    company with experience in technology transfer in China, specialising in biotech, chemical, energy environment and CDM areas. References: Coway International TechTrans Co...

  2. Deseret Generation & Tran Coop (Colorado) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coop (Colorado) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Deseret Generation & Tran Coop Place: Colorado Website: www.deseretpower.com Outage Hotline: (801) 619-6500 References: EIA Form...

  3. EA-216-B TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    B TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc EA-216-B TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc Order authorizing TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc to export electric energy to Canada. ...

  4. EA-262-B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262-B ...

  5. EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262-A ...

  6. EA-216 TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc EA-216 TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc Order authorizing TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc to export electric energy to Canada. EA-216 ...

  7. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262-C ...

  8. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc. | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc. Order authorizing TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc to export electric energy to Canada. ...

  9. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Connecticut Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 Website: www.transcanada.compowermarke Twitter: @TransCanada Outage Hotline: 1-800-447-8066 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

  10. TransCanada Energy Marketing ULC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marketing ULC Jump to: navigation, search Name: TransCanada Energy Marketing ULC Place: California References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  11. Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Application from TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd (1.02 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd

  12. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. Order from TEMUS to export electric energy to Canada. EA-216-D TEMUS CN.pdf (762.11 KB) More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc

  13. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. | Department of Energy Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. Application from TEMUS to export electric energy to Canada. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Mktg (CN).pdf (449.47 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc. Application to

  14. Trans ecuadorian pipeline; Mountainous pipeline restoration a logistical masterpiece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, L. )

    1988-06-01

    The Trans Ecuadorian Pipeline pumped approximately 300,000 b/d of crude from fields in eastern Ecuador to an export terminal and refinery at Esmeraldas on the Pacific coast. The devastation resulting from an earthquake cut off the main portion of export income as well as domestic fuel supplies and propane gas. Approximately 25 km of the pipeline was destroyed. This article details how the pipeline was reconstructed, including both the construction of a temporary line and of permanent facilities.

  15. Categorical ExcluSIon Determination Forn1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    exercises and simulation I8lB 1.3 * Routine maintenance and custodial services DB 1,4 * Air conditioning installation for existing equipment DB 1.5 Cooling water system...

  16. Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using HyTrans |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using HyTrans Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using HyTrans Presentation by ORNL's David Greene at the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting on August 9 - 10, 2006 in Washington, D.C. greene_scenarios_hytrans.pdf (365.6 KB) More Documents & Publications Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Cost

  17. Trans-Americas leads the way into municipal textile recycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ridgley, H.

    1998-08-01

    Most textile waste in the US still goes to the landfill--an estimated 6.6 million tons each year. But thanks to the efforts of textile recycles--such as Trans-Americas Textile Recycling CO. (Brooklyn, NY)--another 1.25 million tons gets salvaged for reuse overseas or as a feedstock for the wiping and fiber industries, according to the Council for Textile Recycling. In an era where global population levels are increasing the demand for textile waste from the Western world and municipalities are struggling to reach their waste diversion goals, boosting textile recovery rates makes sense. And it`s a waste that can be easily incorporated into existing municipal curbside or drop-off recycling programs. Since 1942, when the company first opened its doors in Brooklyn, NY, it purchased textile discards from charities. While those discards still make up the majority of Trans-Americas` supply, in the last two years, the company also began purchasing post-consumer material from municipalities. Textiles are definitely going to be an increasingly important part of recycling, as states look to meet their mandates.

  18. The benzene metabolite trans,trans-muconaldehyde blocks gap junction intercellular communication by cross-linking connexin43

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivedal, Edgar Leithe, Edward

    2008-11-01

    Benzene is used at large volumes in many different human activities. Hematotoxicity and cancer-causation as a result of benzene exposure was recognized many years ago, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Aberrant regulation of gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) has been linked to both cancer induction and interference with normal hematopoietic development. We have previously suggested that inhibition of GJIC may play a role in benzene toxicity since benzene metabolites were found to block GJIC, the ring-opened trans,trans-muconaldehyde (MUC) being the most potent metabolite. In the present work we have studied the molecular mechanisms underlying the MUC-induced inhibition of gap junctional communication. We show that MUC induces cross-linking of the gap junction protein connexin43 and that this is likely to be responsible for the induced inhibition of GJIC, as well as the loss of connexin43 observed in Western blots. We also show that glutaraldehyde possesses similar effects as MUC, and we compare the effects to that of formaldehyde. The fact that glutaraldehyde and formaldehyde have been associated with induction of leukemia as well as disturbance of hematopoiesis, strengthens the possible link between the effect of MUC on gap junctions, and the toxic effects of benzene.

  19. Kinetics of trans-cis isomerization in azobenzene dimers at an air-water interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Bharat; Suresh, K. A.

    2009-08-15

    We have studied the kinetics of trans to cis isomerization under the illumination of ultraviolet light, in the Langmuir monolayer of mesogenic azobenzene dimer, bis-[5-(4{sup '}-n-dodecyloxy benzoyloxy)-2-(4{sup ''}-methylphenylazo)phenyl] adipate, at an air-water interface. We find that the trans to cis isomerization reaction of the molecules in the monolayer shows deviation from the first-order kinetics unlike those reported on Langmuir monolayers of azobenzene molecules. We attribute the deviation from first-order kinetics to the simultaneous photoisomerization of trans isomers to form cis isomers and the reverse thermal isomerization of cis isomers to form trans isomers. Our analysis of the rate of change of mole fraction of trans isomers to form cis isomers indicates a first-order kinetics for trans to cis photoisomerization reaction and a second-order kinetics for cis to trans thermal isomerization reaction. This second-order kinetics mechanism is similar to the Lindemann-Hinshelwood mechanism for the unimolecular reactions at low concentration of reactants. The formation of the activated cis isomer by collisions is a slow process as compared to the decay of the activated cis isomer to trans isomer in the liquid expanded phase. This results in the second-order kinetics for the thermal isomerization of cis isomers.

  20. Trans beta substituted chlorins and methods of making and using the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Balasubramanian, Thiagarajan

    2003-05-06

    Trans beta substituted chlorins and methods of making the same are disclosed, along with polymers formed from or containing such trans beta substituted chlorins as one or more monomeric units therein, light harvesting rods formed from such polymers, and electrodes carrying such polymers.

  1. A note on trans-Planckian tail effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graef, L.L.; Brandenberger, R.

    2015-09-09

    We study the proposal by Mersini et al. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.64.043508 that the observed dark energy might be explained by the back-reaction of the set of tail modes in a theory with a dispersion relation in which the mode frequency decays exponentially in the trans-Planckian regime. The matter tail modes are frozen out, however they induce metric fluctuations. The energy-momentum tensor with which the tail modes effect the background geometry obtains contributions from both metric and matter fluctuations. We calculate the equation of state induced by the tail modes taking into account the gravitational contribution. We find that, in contrast to the case of frozen super-Hubble cosmological fluctuations, in this case the matter perturbations dominate, and they yield an equation of state which to leading order takes the form of a positive cosmological constant.

  2. Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future

  3. Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc: Federal Register Notice Volume 76, No. 14 - Jan. 21, 2011 | Department of Energy export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc: Federal Register Notice Volume 76, No. 14 - Jan. 21, 2011 Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc: Federal Register Notice Volume 76, No. 14 - Jan. 21, 2011 Application from TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc to export electric energy to

  4. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 64 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian M. Miller; Mitchell A. Plummer; Various Others

    2014-10-01

    In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they provide insight into how the coupling of the oceanatmosphere system is manifested in biotic and environmental records and how the biosphere responds to climate change. In 20102011, construction at Ziegler Reservoir near Snowmass Village, Colorado (USA) revealed a nearly continuous, lacustrine/wetland sedimentary sequence that preserved evidence of past plant communities between ~140 and 55 ka, including all of MIS 5. At an elevation of 2705 m, the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site also contained thousands of well-preserved bones of late Pleistocene megafauna, including mastodons, mammoths, ground sloths, horses, camels, deer, bison, black bear, coyotes, and bighorn sheep. In addition, the site contained more than 26,000 bones from at least 30 species of small animals including salamanders, otters, muskrats, minks, rabbits, beavers, frogs, lizards, snakes, fish, and birds. The combination of macro- and micro-vertebrates, invertebrates, terrestrial and aquatic plant macrofossils, a detailed pollen record, and a robust, directly dated stratigraphic framework shows that high-elevation ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado are climatically sensitive and varied dramatically throughout MIS 5

  5. BPAT webTrans Update to CDE Shared Path Summary - October 9,...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Notice: BPAT webTrans Update to CDE Shared Path Summary Posted Date: 1092015 BPAT is deploying a change to...

  6. BPAT webTrans Update to CDE Shared Path Summary - November 5...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Notice: BPAT webTrans Update to CDE Shared Path Summary Posted Date: 1152015 BPAT is deploying a change to...

  7. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd (New Hampshire) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 Website: www.transcanada.comindex.html Twitter: @TransCanada Outage Hotline: 1-800-447-8066 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  8. Regulatory Interactions in ProKaryotes from RegTransBase

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Dubchak, Inna; Gelfand, Mikhail

    RegTransBase, a manually curated database of regulatory interactions in prokaryotes, captures the knowledge in published scientific literature using a controlled vocabulary. RegTransBase describes a large number of regulatory interactions reported in many organisms and contains various types of experimental data, in particular: the activation or repression of transcription by an identified direct regulator determining the transcriptional regulatory function of a protein (or RNA) directly binding to DNA or RNA mapping or prediction of binding sites for a regulatory protein characterization of regulatory mutations Currently, the RegTransBase content is derived from about 3000 relevant articles describing over 7000 experiments in relation to 128 microbes. It contains data on the regulation of about 7500 genes and evidence for 6500 interactions with 650 regulators. RegTransBase also contains manually created position weight matrices (PWM) that can be used to identify candidate regulatory sites in over 60 species. (Specialized Interface)

  9. Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Presentation by Paul Leiby of Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis, May 8-9, 2007 deliv_analysis_leiby.pdf (740.06 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop Hydrogen Policy and Analyzing the Transition Hydrogen Transition Study

  10. Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using HyTrans

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Scenarios for 2010 Scenarios for 2010 - - 2025 & Beyond: 2025 & Beyond: Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using Technological Change Using HyTrans HyTrans David L. Greene, ORNL David L. Greene, ORNL Paul N. Leiby, ORNL Paul N. Leiby, ORNL David Bowman, David Bowman, Econotech Econotech Elzbieta Tworek, Strata Elzbieta Tworek, Strata - - G G 2010 2010 - - 2025 Scenario Analysis Workshop 2025 Scenario Analysis Workshop August 9

  11. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments | Department of Energy Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Protest of the Canadian Electricity Association and the Electric Power Supply Association to Sierra Club's Notice of Intervention and

  12. Infrared absorption of trans-1-chloromethylallyl and trans-1-methylallyl radicals produced in photochemical reactions of trans-1,3-butadiene and C Script-Small-L {sub 2} in solid para-hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahou, Mohammed; Wu, Jen-Yu; Tanaka, Keiichi; Lee, Yuan-Pern

    2012-08-28

    The reactions of chlorine and hydrogen atoms with trans-1,3-butadiene in solid para-hydrogen (p-H{sub 2}) were investigated with infrared (IR) absorption spectra. When a p-H{sub 2} matrix containing C Script-Small-L {sub 2} and trans-1,3-butadiene was irradiated with ultraviolet light at 365 nm, intense lines at 650.3, 809.0, 962.2, 1240.6 cm{sup -1}, and several weaker ones due to the trans-1-chloromethylallyl radical, Bullet (CH{sub 2}CHCH)CH{sub 2}C Script-Small-L , appeared. Observed wavenumbers and relative intensities agree with the anharmonic vibrational wavenumbers and IR intensities predicted with the B3PW91/6-311++g(2d, 2p) method. That the C Script-Small-L atom adds primarily to the terminal carbon atom of trans-1,3-butadiene is in agreement with the path of minimum energy predicted theoretically, but in contrast to the reaction of C Script-Small-L + propene in solid p-H{sub 2}[J. Amicangelo and Y.-P. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2956 (2010)] in which the addition of C Script-Small-L to the central C atom is favored, likely through steric effects in a p-H{sub 2} matrix. A second set of lines, intense at 781.6, 957.9, 1433.6, 2968.8, 3023.5, 3107.3 cm{sup -1}, were observed when the UV-irradiated C Script-Small-L {sub 2}/trans-1,3-butadiene/p-H{sub 2} matrix was further irradiated with IR light from a SiC source. These lines are assigned to the trans-1-methylallyl radical, Bullet (CH{sub 2}CHCH)CH{sub 3}, produced from reaction of 1,3-butadiene with a H atom resulted from the reaction of C Script-Small-L atoms with solid p-H{sub 2} exposed to IR radiation.

  13. Regulatory Interactions in ProKaryotes from RegTransBase

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Dubchak, Inna; Gelfand, Mikhail

    RegTransBase, a manually curated database of regulatory interactions in prokaryotes, captures the knowledge in published scientific literature using a controlled vocabulary. RegTransBase describes a large number of regulatory interactions reported in many organisms and contains various types of experimental data, in particular: the activation or repression of transcription by an identified direct regulator determining the transcriptional regulatory function of a protein (or RNA) directly binding to DNA or RNA mapping or prediction of binding sites for a regulatory protein characterization of regulatory mutations. RegTransBase also contains manually created position weight matrices (PWM) that can be used to identify candidate regulatory sites in over 60 species. (Specialized Interface)

  14. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc.: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 46 - March 9, 2016 | Department of Energy Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc.: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 46 - March 9, 2016 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc.: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 46 - March 9, 2016 Application from TEMUS to export electric energy to Canada. Federal Register

  15. Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Paul N. Leiby, David L. Greene and David Bowman Oak Ridge National Laboratory A presentation to the Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Delivery, Storage and Hydrogen Pathways Tech Teams May 8-9, 2007 Columbia, MD 2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Drawing from several other DOE models, HyTrans integrates supply and demand in a dynamic non-linear market model to 2050.

  16. Capacitance-voltage characteristics of (Al/Ti)/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/n-GaN MIS structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, P. A. Potapov, A. S.; Nikolaev, A. E.; Lundin, V. V.; Sakharov, A. V.; Tsatsulnikov, A. F.; Afanas’ev, A. V.; Romanov, A. A.; Osachev, E. V.

    2015-08-15

    The capacitance-voltage characteristics of (Al/Ti)/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/n-GaN metal—insulator-semiconductor (MIS) structures are measured and analyzed. n-Type GaN films are grown on sapphire (0001) substrates by the metal-organic chemical vapor deposition method. An aluminum-oxide layer with a thickness of 60 nm is deposited onto the surface of GaN by the method of atomic-layer deposition from the gas phase. Metallic contacts are deposited by the electron-beam evaporation of titanium and aluminum in vacuum. According to the measurement results, the breakdown-field strength of the oxide, its dielectric constant, and the integrated electron density of states at the oxide-semiconductor interface are 5 × 10{sup 6} V/cm, 7.5, and 3 × 10{sup 12} cm{sup −2}, respectively.

  17. TRANS4: a computer code calculation of solid fuel penetration of a concrete barrier. [LMFBR; GCFR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ono, C. M.; Kumar, R.; Fink, J. K.

    1980-07-01

    The computer code, TRANS4, models the melting and penetration of a solid barrier by a solid disc of fuel following a core disruptive accident. This computer code has been used to model fuel debris penetration of basalt, limestone concrete, basaltic concrete, and magnetite concrete. Sensitivity studies were performed to assess the importance of various properties on the rate of penetration. Comparisons were made with results from the GROWS II code.

  18. EIS-0450: TransWest Express Transmission Project; Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS, prepared jointly by DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management (Wyoming State Office), evaluates the potential environmental impacts of granting a right-of-way for the TransWest Express Transmission Project and amending a land use plan. The project consists of an overhead transmission line that would extend approximately 725 miles from south-central Wyoming, through Colorado and Utah. Western proposes to be a joint owner of the project.

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Transportation Energy Transition Modeling and Analysis: the LAVE-Trans Model

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the LAVE-Trans...

  20. Sion Power Corp formerly Moltech Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Vehicles Product: Tucson, Arizona-based privately held developer of thin-film lithium-sulfur rechargeable batteries for propelling vehicles and other high energy-density...

  1. CategorIcal ExcluSIon Determination 1,'orn1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Guidelines OA 14 - Approval of technical exchange arrangements OA 15 - International umbrella agreements for energy R&D Facility Operations DB 1.2 - Training exercises and...

  2. Categ orical ExcluSIon DetermInation Fornl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Guidelines OA 14 - Approval of technical exchange arrangements DAIS - International umbrella agreements for energy R&D Facility Operations DB 1.2 - Training exercises and...

  3. CategorIcal ExcluSIon DetermInation Fornl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Guidelines OA I 4 - Approval of technical exchange arrangements DAIS - International umbrella agreements for energy R&D Facility Operations DB 1.2 - Training exercises and...

  4. Modifications to toxic CUG RNAs induce structural stability, rescue mis-splicing in a myotonic dystrophy cell model and reduce toxicity in a myotonic dystrophy zebrafish model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    deLorimier, Elaine; Coonrod, Leslie A.; Copperman, Jeremy; Taber, Alex; Reister, Emily E.; Sharma, Kush; Todd, Peter K.; Guenza, Marina G.; Berglund, J. Andrew

    2014-10-10

    In this study, CUG repeat expansions in the 3' UTR of dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) cause myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). As RNA, these repeats elicit toxicity by sequestering splicing proteins, such as MBNL1, into proteinRNA aggregates. Structural studies demonstrate that CUG repeats can form A-form helices, suggesting that repeat secondary structure could be important in pathogenicity. To evaluate this hypothesis, we utilized structure-stabilizing RNA modifications pseudouridine (?) and 2'-O-methylation to determine if stabilization of CUG helical conformations affected toxicity. CUG repeats modified with ? or 2'-O-methyl groups exhibited enhanced structural stability and reduced affinity for MBNL1. Molecular dynamics and X-ray crystallography suggest a potential water-bridging mechanism for ?-mediated CUG repeat stabilization. ? modification of CUG repeats rescued mis-splicing in a DM1 cell model and prevented CUG repeat toxicity in zebrafish embryos. This study indicates that the structure of toxic RNAs has a significant role in controlling the onset of neuromuscular diseases.

  5. Modifications to toxic CUG RNAs induce structural stability, rescue mis-splicing in a myotonic dystrophy cell model and reduce toxicity in a myotonic dystrophy zebrafish model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    deLorimier, Elaine; Coonrod, Leslie A.; Copperman, Jeremy; Taber, Alex; Reister, Emily E.; Sharma, Kush; Todd, Peter K.; Guenza, Marina G.; Berglund, J. Andrew

    2014-10-10

    In this study, CUG repeat expansions in the 3' UTR of dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) cause myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). As RNA, these repeats elicit toxicity by sequestering splicing proteins, such as MBNL1, into protein–RNA aggregates. Structural studies demonstrate that CUG repeats can form A-form helices, suggesting that repeat secondary structure could be important in pathogenicity. To evaluate this hypothesis, we utilized structure-stabilizing RNA modifications pseudouridine (Ψ) and 2'-O-methylation to determine if stabilization of CUG helical conformations affected toxicity. CUG repeats modified with Ψ or 2'-O-methyl groups exhibited enhanced structural stability and reduced affinity for MBNL1. Molecular dynamicsmore » and X-ray crystallography suggest a potential water-bridging mechanism for Ψ-mediated CUG repeat stabilization. Ψ modification of CUG repeats rescued mis-splicing in a DM1 cell model and prevented CUG repeat toxicity in zebrafish embryos. This study indicates that the structure of toxic RNAs has a significant role in controlling the onset of neuromuscular diseases.« less

  6. Adequacy of the regulatory oversight of the Trans-Alaska pipeline and terminal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-03-01

    The Exxon Valdez spill abruptly brought to the nation's attention the risks of transporting crude oil. While oil tanker transportation received many of the headlines, the safety of pipelines carrying oil and the terminals that store it have also been called into question. GAO testified on the adequacy of regulatory oversight of the 800-mile Trans-Alaska Pipeline System and the terminal at Valdez, Alaska. This paper reports increased and coordinated regulatory oversight as a major component of an effective operational and emergency response strategy for the pipeline. The current lack of comprehensive and systematic oversight is of particular concern because of recent revelations of significant corrosion problems in the pipeline.

  7. HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINO AND GAMMA-RAY TRANSIENTS FROM TRANS-RELATIVISTIC SUPERNOVA SHOCK BREAKOUTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kashiyama, Kazumi; Gao, Shan; Meszaros, Peter [Center for Particle and Gravitational Astrophysics, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Murase, Kohta; Horiuchi, Shunsaku, E-mail: kzk15@psu.edu [CCAPP and Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 W. Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

    2013-05-20

    Trans-relativistic shocks that accompany some supernovae (SNe) produce X-ray burst emissions as they break out in the dense circumstellar medium around the progenitors. This phenomenon is sometimes associated with peculiar low-luminosity gamma-ray bursts (LL GRBs). Here, we investigate the high-energy neutrino and gamma-ray counterparts of such a class of SNe. Just beyond the shock breakout radius, particle acceleration in the collisionless shock starts to operate in the presence of breakout photons. We show that protons may be accelerated to sufficiently high energies and produce high-energy neutrinos and gamma rays via the photomeson interaction. These neutrinos and gamma rays may be detectable from {approx}< 10 Mpc away by IceCube/KM3Net as multi-TeV transients almost simultaneously with the X-ray breakout, and even from {approx}< 100 Mpc away with follow-up observations by the Cherenkov Telescope Array using a wide-field sky monitor like Swift as a trigger. A statistical technique using a stacking approach could also be possible for the detection, with the aid of the SN optical/infrared counterparts. Such multi-messenger observations offer the possibility to probe the transition of trans-relativistic shocks from radiation-mediated to collisionless ones, and would also constrain the mechanisms of particle acceleration and emission in LL GRBs.

  8. Synthesis of 4-substituted-trans-1, 2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate metal chelating agents for the preparation of stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates for therapy and spect and pet imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, Ronnie C.; Mausner, Leonard F.; Srivastava, Suresh C.

    1994-01-01

    Cyclo agents useful in forming antibody-metal conjugates useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. New compounds and processes of forming these compounds are disclosed including 4-haloacetamido-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate and 4-isothiocyanato-trans-1,2-diamino cyclohexane-N,N,N',N'-tetra acetic acid.

  9. Synthesis of 4-substituted-trans-1, 2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate metal chelating agents for the preparation of stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates for therapy and SPECT and PET imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, R.C.; Mausner, L.F.; Srivastava, S.C.

    1994-03-08

    Cyclo agents are described which are useful in forming antibody-metal conjugates which are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. New compounds and processes of forming these compounds are disclosed including 4-haloacetamido-trans-1,2diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate and 4-isothiocyanato-trans-1,2diamino cyclohexane-N,N,N',N'-tetra acetic acid. No Drawings

  10. POTENTIAL EVIDENCE FOR THE ONSET OF ALFVÉNIC TURBULENCE IN TRANS-EQUATORIAL CORONAL LOOPS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Moortel, I.; Threlfall, J.; McIntosh, S. W.; Bethge, C.; Liu, J. E-mail: mscott@ucar.edu

    2014-02-20

    This study investigates Coronal Multi-channel Polarimeter Doppler-shift observations of a large, off-limb, trans-equatorial loop system observed on 2012 April 10-11. Doppler-shift oscillations with a broad range of frequencies are found to propagate along the loop with a speed of about 500 km s{sup –1}. The power spectrum of perturbations travelling up from both loop footpoints is remarkably symmetric, probably due to the almost perfect north-south alignment of the loop system. Compared to the power spectrum at the footpoints of the loop, the Fourier power at the apex appears to be higher in the high-frequency part of the spectrum than expected from theoretical models. We suggest this excess high-frequency power could be tentative evidence for the onset of a cascade of the low-to-mid frequency waves into (Alfvénic) turbulence.

  11. Application of the Hartmann-Tran profile to precise experimental data sets of C?H?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Forthomme, D.; Cich, M. J.; Twagirayezu, S.; Hall, G. E.; Sears, T. J.

    2015-06-25

    Self- and nitrogen-broadened line shape data for the Pe(11) line of the ?? + ?? band of acetylene, recorded using a frequency comb-stabilized laser spectrometer, have been analyzed using the HartmannTran profile (HTP) line shape model in a multispectrum fitting. In total, the data included measurements recorded at temperatures between 125 K and 296 K and at pressures between 4 and 760 Torr. New, sub-Doppler, frequency comb-referenced measurements of the positions of multiple underlying hot band lines have also been made. These underlying lines significantly affect the Pe(11) line profile at temperatures above 240 K and poorly known frequencies previouslymoreintroduced errors into the line shape analyses. The behavior of the HTP model was compared to the quadratic speed dependent Voigt profile (QSDVP) expressed in the frequency and time domains. A parameter uncertainty analysis was carried out using a Monte Carlo method based on the estimated pressure, transmittance and frequency measurement errors. From the analyses, the Pe(11) line strength was estimated to be 1.2014(50) 10-20 in cm.molecules? units at 296 K with the standard deviation in parenthesis. For analyzing these data, we found that a reduced form of the HTP, equivalent to the QSDVP, was most appropriate because the additional parameters included in the full HTP were not well determined. As a supplement to this work, expressions for analytic derivatives and a lineshape fitting code written in Matlab for the HTP are available.less

  12. UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION SAC200063~~0oooo Frank K. Pittman, Director, /Division of Waste Management and Trans-

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    SAC200063~~0oooo .- Frank K. Pittman, Director, /Division of Waste Management and Trans- portation, Headquarters CONTAMIWATRD EE-AEC-OWNED OR IEASED FACILITIES This memorandum responds to your TWX dated October 30, 1973, requesting certain information on the above subject. Unfortunately, some of the documentation necessary to answer your queries is no Longer available due to the records disposal program or the agreements pre- vailing at the time of release or transfer of the facilities. From

  13. Transformation of cis- and trans-2,3-dimethyloxiranes on a Pd/SiO{sub 2} catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fasi, A.; Notheisz, F.; Bartok, M.

    1997-04-01

    The transformation of cis- and trans-2,3-dimethyloxiranes on a Pd/SiO{sub 2} catalyst, leading to the formation of 2-butanone and 2-butanol, was studied in hydrogen and deuterium atmosphere. The effect of hydrogen and deuterium atmosphere. The effect of hydrogen pressure (1.3-100 kPa) and temperature (323-423 K) on the reaction rate was also measured. The transformation of the two stereoisomers involves different mechanisms. In the case of the cis-isomer, hydrogen participates in the cleavage of the C-O bond and different surface species belong to the two products. In the case of the trans-isomer, ring opening by hydrogen (the formation of 2-butanol) is less significant and the main reaction is intramolecular migration leading to the formation of 2-butanone. Considering the geometry of the adsorbed species, cis-2,3-dimethyloxirane is most probably adsorbed on the surface of the Pd catalyst in a planar manner, while the adsorption of the trans-isomer is intermediate between edgewise and planar adsorption model. 18 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  14. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc Sierra Club Withdrawal Motion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Withdrawal of Sierra Club motion to intervene on the application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C made by TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc.

  15. Operational Challenges in Gas-To-Liquid (GTL) Transportation Through Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godwin A. Chukwu; Santanu Khataniar; Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar

    2006-06-30

    Oil production from Alaskan North Slope oil fields has steadily declined. In the near future, ANS crude oil production will decline to such a level (200,000 to 400,000 bbl/day) that maintaining economic operation of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) will require pumping alternative products through the system. Heavy oil deposits in the West Sak and Ugnu formations are a potential resource, although transporting these products involves addressing important sedimentation issues. One possibility is the use of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) technology. Estimated recoverable gas reserves of 38 trillion cubic feet (TCF) on the North Slope of Alaska can be converted to liquid with GTL technology and combined with the heavy oils for a product suitable for pipeline transport. Issues that could affect transport of this such products through TAPS include pumpability of GTL and crude oil blends, cold restart of the pipeline following a prolonged winter shutdown, and solids deposition inside the pipeline. This study examined several key fluid properties of GTL, crude oil and four selected blends under TAPS operating conditions. Key measurements included Reid Vapor Pressure, density and viscosity, PVT properties, and solids deposition. Results showed that gel strength is not a significant factor for the ratios of GTL-crude oil blend mixtures (1:1; 1:2; 1:3; 1:4) tested under TAPS cold re-start conditions at temperatures above - 20 F, although Bingham fluid flow characteristics exhibited by the blends at low temperatures indicate high pumping power requirements following prolonged shutdown. Solids deposition is a major concern for all studied blends. For the commingled flow profile studied, decreased throughput can result in increased and more rapid solid deposition along the pipe wall, resulting in more frequent pigging of the pipeline or, if left unchecked, pipeline corrosion.

  16. Excited-state Raman spectroscopy with and without actinic excitation: S{sub 1} Raman spectra of trans-azobenzene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobryakov, A. L.; Quick, M.; Ioffe, I. N.; Granovsky, A. A.; Ernsting, N. P.; Kovalenko, S. A.

    2014-05-14

    We show that femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy can record excited-state spectra in the absence of actinic excitation, if the Raman pump is in resonance with an electronic transition. The approach is illustrated by recording S{sub 1} and S{sub 0} spectra of trans-azobenzene in n-hexane. The S{sub 1} spectra were also measured conventionally, upon nπ* (S{sub 0} → S{sub 1}) actinic excitation. The results are discussed and compared to earlier reports.

  17. Interfacing the Ab initio multiple spawning method with electronic structure methods in GAMESS: Photodecay of trans-Azomethane

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gaenko, Alexander; DeFusco, Albert; Varganov, Sergey A.; Martínez, Todd J.; Gordon, Mark S.

    2014-10-20

    This work presents a nonadiabatic molecular dynamics study of the nonradiative decay of photoexcited trans-azomethane, using the ab initio multiple spawning (AIMS) program that has been interfaced with the General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System (GAMESS) quantum chemistry package for on-the-fly electronic structure evaluation. The interface strategy is discussed, and the capabilities of the combined programs are demonstrated with a nonadiabatic molecular dynamics study of the nonradiative decay of photoexcited trans-azomethane. Energies, gradients, and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements were obtained with the state-averaged complete active space self-consistent field method, as implemented in GAMESS. The influence of initial vibrational excitationmore » on the outcome of the photoinduced isomerization is explored. Increased vibrational excitation in the CNNC torsional mode shortens the excited state lifetime. Depending on the degree of vibrational excitation, the excited state lifetime varies from ~60–200 fs. As a result, these short lifetimes are in agreement with time-resolved photoionization mass spectroscopy experiments.« less

  18. Synthesis of 4-substituted-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate metal chelating agents for the preparation of stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates for therapy and spect and pet imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, Ronnie C.; Kolsky, Kathryn L.; Mausner, Leonard F.; Srivastava, Suresh C.

    1997-06-03

    Cyclohexyl chelating agents useful in forming antibody-metal conjugates useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. New compounds and processes of forming these compounds are disclosed including 4-haloacetamido-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate and 4-isothiocyanato-trans-1,2-diamino cyclohexane-N, N, N', N'-tetra acetic acid.

  19. Synthesis of 4-substituted-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate metal chelating agents for the preparation of stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates for therapy and SPECT and PET imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, R.C.; Kolsky, K.L.; Mausner, L.F.; Srivastava, S.C.

    1997-06-03

    Cyclohexyl chelating agents useful in forming antibody-metal conjugates which are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes are synthesized. New compounds and processes of forming these compounds are disclosed including 4-haloacetamido-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate and 4-isothiocyanato-trans-1,2-diamino cyclohexane-N,N,N{prime},N{prime}-tetra acetic acid.

  20. West Texas geothermal resource assessment. Part II. Preliminary utilization assessment of the Trans-Pecos geothermal resource. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilliland, M.W.; Fenner, L.B.

    1980-01-01

    The utilization potential of geothermal resources in Trans-Pecos, Texas was assessed. The potential for both direct use and electric power generation were examined. As with the resource assessment work, the focus was on the Hueco Tanks area in northeastern El Paso County and the Presidio Bolson area in Presidio County. Suitable users of the Hueco Tanks and Presidio Bolson resource areas were identified by matching postulated temperature characteristics of the geothermal resource to the need characteristics of existing users in each resource area. The amount of geothermal energy required and the amount of fossil fuel that geothermal energy would replace were calculated for each of the users identified as suitable. Current data indicate that temperatures in the Hueco Tanks resource area are not high enough for electric power generation, but in at least part of the Presidio Bolson resource area, they may be high enough for electric power generation.

  1. Electron diffraction study of 1M illites with interstratified trans- and cis-vacant 2 : 1 layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhukhlistov, A. P. Vikent'ev, I. V.; Rusinova, O. V.

    2012-03-15

    Illites from the volcanogenic Zn-Au-Ag sulfide deposit Galkinskoe (Northern Urals) have been investigated using oblique-texture electron diffraction patterns in combination with the simulation of diffraction effects. Along with single-phase tv/cv1M illites, the structures of which are formed by statistically interstratified dioctahedral 2: 1 layers with vacant trans- or cis-octahedra, illites in the form of a mixture of two interstratified tv/cv1M phases, with the dominance of tv- or cv layers, are identified. It is shown that in the latter case the diffraction pattern can also be interpreted within the single-phase tv/cv model, provided that the tv- and cv layers are distributed with some tendency to segregate. The structural features indicating the preference of the two-phase model are analyzed.

  2. Vibrational quasi-degenerate perturbation theory with optimized coordinates: Applications to ethylene and trans-1,3-butadiene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yagi, Kiyoshi Otaki, Hiroki

    2014-02-28

    A perturbative extension to optimized coordinate vibrational self-consistent field (oc-VSCF) is proposed based on the quasi-degenerate perturbation theory (QDPT). A scheme to construct the degenerate space (P space) is developed, which incorporates degenerate configurations and alleviates the divergence of perturbative expansion due to localized coordinates in oc-VSCF (e.g., local O–H stretching modes of water). An efficient configuration selection scheme is also implemented, which screens out the Hamiltonian matrix element between the P space configuration (p) and the complementary Q space configuration (q) based on a difference in their quantum numbers (λ{sub pq} = ∑{sub s}|p{sub s} − q{sub s}|). It is demonstrated that the second-order vibrational QDPT based on optimized coordinates (oc-VQDPT2) smoothly converges with respect to the order of the mode coupling, and outperforms the conventional one based on normal coordinates. Furthermore, an improved, fast algorithm is developed for optimizing the coordinates. First, the minimization of the VSCF energy is conducted in a restricted parameter space, in which only a portion of pairs of coordinates is selectively transformed. A rational index is devised for this purpose, which identifies the important coordinate pairs to mix from others that may remain unchanged based on the magnitude of harmonic coupling induced by the transformation. Second, a cubic force field (CFF) is employed in place of a quartic force field, which bypasses intensive procedures that arise due to the presence of the fourth-order force constants. It is found that oc-VSCF based on CFF together with the pair selection scheme yields the coordinates similar in character to the conventional ones such that the final vibrational energy is affected very little while gaining an order of magnitude acceleration. The proposed method is applied to ethylene and trans-1,3-butadiene. An accurate, multi-resolution potential, which combines the MP2 and

  3. MIS-based sensors with hydrogen selectivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li; ,Dongmei; Medlin, J. William; McDaniel, Anthony H.; Bastasz, Robert J.

    2008-03-11

    The invention provides hydrogen selective metal-insulator-semiconductor sensors which include a layer of hydrogen selective material. The hydrogen selective material can be polyimide layer having a thickness between 200 and 800 nm. Suitable polyimide materials include reaction products of benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride 4,4-oxydianiline m-phenylene diamine and other structurally similar materials.

  4. Stereochemical effects in the gas-phase pinacol rearrangement. 2. Ring contraction versus methyl migration in cis- and trans-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane-1,2-diol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Petris, G.; Giacomello, P.; Pizzabiocca, A.; Renzi, G.; Speranza, M.

    1988-02-17

    The gas-phase pinacol rearrangement of cis- and trans-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane-1,2-diols, promoted by D/sub 3//sup +/, CH/sub 5//sup +//C/sub 2/H/sub 5//sup +/ and t-C/sub 4/H/sub 9//sup +/ ions, was studied by mass spectrometric and radiolytic methods in the pressure range 0.5-760 Torr. When product isomerization is inhibited, by using N(CH/sub 3/)/sub 3/ as a trapping reagent at high pressure, mixtures of 2,2-dimethylcyclohexanone and 1-acetyl-1-methylcyclopentane were recovered from the reaction. In methane, the trend of the measured relative rates for ring contraction (k/sub 5/), methyl or hydroxyl group migration (k/sub 6/) versus the rearrangement rate of pincaol itself (k/sub p/), is k/sub 6/(trans) approx. k/sub 5/(trans) greater than or equal to k/sub 5/(cis) > k/sub 6/(cis) greater than or equal to k/sub p/. No evidence for the formation of an intermediate carbenium ion was found. Stereochemical aspects of the mechanism are discussed and compared with solution data.

  5. THE PECULIAR PHOTOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF 2010 WG9: A SLOWLY ROTATING TRANS-NEPTUNIAN OBJECT FROM THE OORT CLOUD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rabinowitz, David; Schwamb, Megan E.; Hadjiyska, Elena; Tourtellotte, Suzanne; Rojo, Patricio

    2013-07-01

    We present long-term BVRI observations of 2010 WG9, an {approx}100 km diameter trans-Neptunian object (TNO) with an extremely high inclination of 70 Degree-Sign discovered by the La Silla-QUEST southern sky survey. Most of the observations were obtained with ANDICAM on the SMARTS 1.3 m at Cerro Tololo, Chile from 2010 December to 2012 November. Additional observations were made with EFOSC2 on the 3.5 m NTT telescope of the European Southern Observatory at La Silla, Chile in 2011 February. The observations reveal a sinusoidal light curve with amplitude 0.14 mag and period 5.4955 {+-} 0.0025 days, which is likely half the true rotation period. Such long rotation periods have previously been observed only for tidally evolved binary TNOs, suggesting that 2010 WG9 may be such a system. We predict a nominal separation of at least 790 km, resolvable with the Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based systems. We measure B - R = 1.318 {+-} 0.029 and V - R = 0.520 {+-} 0.018, consistent with the colors of modestly red Centaurs and Damocloids. At I-band wavelengths, we observe an unusually large variation of color with rotational phase, with R - I ranging from 0.394 {+-} 0.025 to 0.571 {+-} 0.044. We also measure an absolute R-band absolute magnitude of 7.93 {+-} 0.05 and solar phase coefficient of 0.049 {+-} 0.019 mag deg{sup -1}.

  6. Application of the Hartmann–Tran profile to precise experimental data sets of 12C2H2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Forthomme, D.; Cich, M. J.; Twagirayezu, S.; Hall, G. E.; Sears, T. J.

    2015-06-25

    Self- and nitrogen-broadened line shape data for the Pe(11) line of the ν₁ + ν₃ band of acetylene, recorded using a frequency comb-stabilized laser spectrometer, have been analyzed using the Hartmann–Tran profile (HTP) line shape model in a multispectrum fitting. In total, the data included measurements recorded at temperatures between 125 K and 296 K and at pressures between 4 and 760 Torr. New, sub-Doppler, frequency comb-referenced measurements of the positions of multiple underlying hot band lines have also been made. These underlying lines significantly affect the Pe(11) line profile at temperatures above 240 K and poorly known frequencies previouslymore » introduced errors into the line shape analyses. Thus, the behavior of the HTP model was compared to the quadratic speed dependent Voigt profile (QSDVP) expressed in the frequency and time domains. A parameter uncertainty analysis was carried out using a Monte Carlo method based on the estimated pressure, transmittance and frequency measurement errors. From the analyses, the Pe(11) line strength was estimated to be 1.2014(50) × 10-20 in cm.molecules⁻¹ units at 296 K with the standard deviation in parenthesis. For analyzing these data, we found that a reduced form of the HTP, equivalent to the QSDVP, was most appropriate because the additional parameters included in the full HTP were not well determined. As a supplement to this work, expressions for analytic derivatives and a lineshape fitting code written in Matlab for the HTP are available.« less

  7. Phanerozoic tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the Trans-Pecos and Permian basin regions (Mexico, Texas, New Mexico) using Landsat imagery, subsurface and outcrop data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Sarg, J.F.

    1996-08-01

    Integrating regional Landsat imagery, outcrop field studies, and subsurface data has resulted in a more comprehensive understanding and delineation of the tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the Trans-Pecos region. Landsat imagery were acquired and registered to the existing 1:25000 scale maps and mosaiced to create a regional view of the Trans-Pecos and Permian basin region. The imagery were used to extrapolate and map key stratigraphic and tectonic elements after calibration from documented outcrop and subsurface data. The interpretations aided in the extrapolation of scattered control information and were critical in the complete reconstruction of the geologic history of the area. The Trans-Pecos Phanerozoic history comprises five tectono-depositional phases, and these have controlled the shape of the modem landscape: (1) Late Proterozoic rifting (Gondwana from Laurentia), and development of the Early-Middle Paleozoic Tobosa basin; (2) Pennsylvanian collision (South and North Americas), and differentiation of the Tobosa basin into the Midland, Delaware, Orogrande, and Pedregosa basins separated by basement blocks: Central Basin Platform, Diablo Platform, Burro-Florida Platform; (3) Middle Mesozoic transtensional rifting (Mexico from North America), and Late Jurassic failed rifting of the Mexican Chihuahua and Coahuila Troughs west and south of the Diablo Platform; (4) Late Mesozoic Laramide collision (Mexico and Texas), and development of the Chihuahua fold/thrust belt limited by the western margin of the Diablo Platform; (5) Late Cenozoic North American basin and Range rifting, and development of Rio Grande grabens, block-faulted mountains, and volcanics. The Tobosa basin was a passive-margin interior sag; its continental margin was south of the Marathons.

  8. Interfacing the Ab initio multiple spawning method with electronic structure methods in GAMESS: Photodecay of trans-Azomethane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaenko, Alexander; DeFusco, Albert; Varganov, Sergey A.; Martnez, Todd J.; Gordon, Mark S.

    2014-10-20

    This work presents a nonadiabatic molecular dynamics study of the nonradiative decay of photoexcited trans-azomethane, using the ab initio multiple spawning (AIMS) program that has been interfaced with the General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System (GAMESS) quantum chemistry package for on-the-fly electronic structure evaluation. The interface strategy is discussed, and the capabilities of the combined programs are demonstrated with a nonadiabatic molecular dynamics study of the nonradiative decay of photoexcited trans-azomethane. Energies, gradients, and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements were obtained with the state-averaged complete active space self-consistent field method, as implemented in GAMESS. The influence of initial vibrational excitation on the outcome of the photoinduced isomerization is explored. Increased vibrational excitation in the CNNC torsional mode shortens the excited state lifetime. Depending on the degree of vibrational excitation, the excited state lifetime varies from ~60200 fs. As a result, these short lifetimes are in agreement with time-resolved photoionization mass spectroscopy experiments.

  9. Structure of a putative trans-editing enzyme for prolyl-tRNA synthetase from Aeropyrum pernix K1 at 1.7 Å resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murayama, Kazutaka; Kato-Murayama, Miyuki; Katsura, Kazushige; Uchikubo-Kamo, Tomomi; Yamaguchi-Hirafuji, Machiko; Kawazoe, Masahito; Akasaka, Ryogo; Hanawa-Suetsugu, Kyoko; Hori-Takemoto, Chie; Terada, Takaho; Shirouzu, Mikako; Yokoyama, Shigeyuki

    2005-01-01

    The three-dimensional structure of the APE2540 protein from A. pernix K1 has been determined by the multiple anomalous dispersion method at 1.7 Å resolution. The structure includes two monomers in the asymmetric unit and shares structural similarity with the YbaK protein or cysteinyl-tRNA{sup Pro} deacylase from H. influenzae. The crystal structure of APE2540, the putative trans-editing enzyme ProX from Aeropyrum pernix K1, was determined in a high-throughput manner. The crystal belongs to the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 47.4, b = 58.9, c = 53.6 Å, β = 106.8°. The structure was solved by the multiwavelength anomalous dispersion method at 1.7 Å and refined to an R factor of 16.8% (R{sub free} = 20.5%). The crystal structure includes two protein molecules in the asymmetric unit. Each monomer consists of eight β-strands and seven α-helices. A structure-homology search revealed similarity between the trans-editing enzyme YbaK (or cysteinyl-tRNA{sup Pro} deacylase) from Haemophilus influenzae (HI1434; 22% sequence identity) and putative ProX proteins from Caulobacter crescentus (16%) and Agrobacterium tumefaciens (21%)

  10. Electronic properties of III-nitride semiconductors: A first-principles investigation using the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araujo, Rafael B. Almeida, J. S. de Ferreira da Silva, A.

    2013-11-14

    In this work, we use density functional theory to investigate the influence of semilocal exchange and correlation effects on the electronic properties of III-nitride semiconductors considering zinc-blende and wurtzite crystal structures. We find that the inclusion of such effects through the use of the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential yields an excellent description of the electronic structures of these materials giving energy band gaps which are systematically larger than the ones obtained with standard functionals such as the generalized gradient approximation. The discrepancy between the experimental and theoretical band gaps is then significantly reduced with semilocal exchange and correlation effects. However, the effective masses are overestimated in the zinc-blende nitrides, but no systematic trend is found in the wurtzite compounds. New results for energy band gaps and effective masses of zinc-blende and wurtzite indium nitrides are presented.

  11. A reevaluation of the assignment of the vibrational fundamentals and the rotational analysis of bands in the high-resolution infrared spectra of trans- and cis- 1,3,5-hexatriene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig, Norman C.; Leyden, Matthew C.; Moore, Michael C.; Patchen, Amie K.; van den Heuvel, Titus; Blake, Thomas A.; Masiello, Tony; Sams, Robert L.

    2010-07-01

    Assignments of the vibrational fundamentals of cis- and trans-1,3,5-hexatriene are reevaluated with new infrared and Raman spectra and with quantum chemical predictions of intensities and anharmonic frequencies. The rotational structure is analyzed in the high-resolution (0.0013-0.0018 cm -1) infrared spectra of three C-type bands of the trans isomer and two C-type bands of the cis isomer. The bands for the trans isomer are at 1010.96 cm-1 (v14), 900.908 cm-1 (v16), and 683.46 cm-1 (v17). Ground state (GS) rotational constants have been fitted to the combined ground state combination differences (GSCDs) for the three bands of the trans isomer. The bands for the cis isomer are at 907.70 cm-1 (v33) and 587.89 cm-1 (v35). GS rotational constants have been fitted to the combined GSCDs for the two bands of the cis isomer and compared with those obtained from microwave spectroscopy. Small inertial defects in the GSs confirm that both molecules are planar. Upper state rotational constants were fitted for all five bands.

  12. Analysis of the rotational structure in the high-resolution infrared spectra of trans-hexatriene-2-d1 and -3-d1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig, Norman C.; Chen, Yihui; van Besien, Herman; Blake, Thomas A.

    2014-09-01

    The 2-d1 and 3-d1 isotopologues of trans-hexatriene have been synthesized, and their high-resolution (0.0015 cm-1) IR spectra have been recorded. For each of the isotopologues the rotational structure in four C-type bands for out-of-plane vibrational modes has been analyzed, and the ground state combination differences (GSCDs) have been pooled. Ground state rotational constants have been fitted to the GSCDs. For the 2-d species, A0, B0, and C0 values of 0.7837254(5), 0.0442806(3), and 0.0419299(2) cm-1 were fitted to 2450 GSCDs. For the 3-d species, A0, B0, and C0 values of 0.7952226(8), 0.0446149(7), and 0.0422661(4) cm-1 were fitted to 2234 GSCDs. For the eleven out-of-plane modes of the two isotopologues, predictions of anharmonic wavenumbers and harmonic intensities have been computed and compared with experiment where possible.

  13. Dynamics of the time-resolved stimulated Raman scattering spectrum in presence of transient vibronic inversion of population on the example of optically excited trans-β-apo-8{sup ′}-carotenal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kardaś, T. M. Ratajska-Gadomska, B.; Gadomski, W.; Lapini, A.; Righini, R.; Di Donato, M.; Ragnoni, E.; Foggi, P.

    2014-05-28

    We have studied the effect of transient vibrational inversion of population in trans-β-apo-8{sup ′}-carotenal on the time-resolved femtosecond stimulated Raman scattering (TR-FSRS) signal. The experimental data are interpreted by applying a quantum mechanical approach, using the formalism of projection operators for constructing the theoretical model of TR-FSRS. Within this theoretical frame we explain the presence of transient Raman losses on the Stokes side of the TR-FSRS spectrum as the effect of vibrational inversion of population. In view of the obtained experimental and theoretical results, we conclude that the excited S{sub 2} electronic level of trans-β-apo-8{sup ′}-carotenal relaxes towards the S{sub 0} ground state through a set of four vibrational sublevels of S{sub 1} state.

  14. LANSCE Focus

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Focus Nuclear science observations and opportunities at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center Colleagues, This special Focus issue highlights a set of nuclear physics capabilities at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) serving Los Alamos National Laboratory's national security mis- sion and the global scientific user community. With a total of 10 flight paths, LANSCE pro- vides the opportunity to perform experiments with low- to high-energy neutron sources and high-energy proton

  15. REPORT ON THE MODELING OF THE LARGE MIS CANS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. MOODY; J. LYMAN; K. VEIRS

    2000-12-01

    Changes in gas composition and gas pressure for closed systems containing plutonium dioxide and water are studied using a model that incorporates both radiolysis and chemical reactions. The model is used to investigate the behavior of material stored in storage containers conforming to DOE-STD-3013-99 storage standard. Scaling of the container to allow use of smaller amounts of nuclear material in experiments designed to bound the behavior of all material destined for long-term storage is studied. It is found that the container volume must be scaled along with the amount of material to achieve applicable results.

  16. TDR-MIS-CRW-00000X REV 00

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... process will recommend that any new facilities be constructed to meet the silver-rating criterion of the U.S. Green Building Council Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. ...

  17. Thermodynamic properties and ideal-gas enthalpies of formation for butyl vinyl ether, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, methyl glycolate, bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, 5-vinylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, trans-azobenzene, butyl acrylate, di-tert-butyl ether, and hexane-1,6-diol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K.

    1996-11-01

    Ideal-gas enthalpies of formation of butyl vinyl ether, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, methyl glycolate, bicyclo-[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, 5-vinylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, trans-azobenzene, butyl acrylate, di-tert-butyl ether, and hexane-1,6-diol are reported. Enthalpies of fusion were determined for bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene and trans-azobenzene. Two-phase (solid + vapor) or (liquid + vapor) heat capacities were determined from 300 K to the critical region or earlier decomposition temperature for each compound studied. Liquid-phase densities along the saturation line were measured for bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene. For butyl vinyl ether and 1,2-dimethoxyethane, critical temperatures and critical densities were determined from the dsc results and corresponding critical pressures derived from the fitting procedures. Fitting procedures were used to derive critical temperatures, critical pressures, and critical densities for bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, 5-vinylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, trans-azobenzene, butyl acrylate, and di-tert-butyl ether. Group-additivity parameters or ring-correction terms useful in the application of the Benson group-contribution correlations were derived.

  18. Massachusetts Bay Trans Auth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NPCC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes This...

  19. TransWest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type EIS Applicant Western Power Administration Transmission Type 600kV Project Area Wyoming Time Frame (days) Participating...

  20. 112609-Interconnection_Trans_Plan.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    INSPECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY' S CONFERENCE POLICIES AND PRACTICES DECEMBER 1998 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS INSPECTION REPORT DOE/IG-0433 December 3, 1998 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Inspection of Department of Energy' s Conference Policies and Practices" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy (Department) is a recognized world leader in technological

  1. Deseret Generation & Tran Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility...

  2. TransAtlantic Petroleum | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area Product: acquisition, development, exploration, and production of crude oil and natural gas. Year Founded: 1985 Phone Number: 214-220-4323 Website: www.transatlanticpetro...

  3. TransAtlas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Fueling Stations (E85, CNG, Biodiesel and more) Hybrid, Diesel, and Flex-Fuel vehicle densities Biodiesel and Ethanol Production Facilities Congressional Districts...

  4. SensorTran | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (DTS) systems and solutions for the energy industry, with applications in asset and environmental monitoring. Coordinates: 30.267605, -97.742984 Show Map Loading map......

  5. TransForum Volume 14, Issue 2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Systems division, Larry Johnson and Ted Bohn, during DOE's 2014 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meetings held June 16-20, 2014, in Washington, D.C. Larry...

  6. Two natural products, trans-phytol and (22E)-ergosta-6,9,22-triene-3β,5α,8α-triol, inhibit the biosynthesis of estrogen in human ovarian granulosa cells by aromatase (CYP19)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Jiajia; Yuan, Yun; Lu, Danfeng; Du, Baowen; Xiong, Liang; Shi, Jiangong; Yang, Lijuan; Liu, Wanli; Yuan, Xiaohong; Zhang, Guolin; Wang, Fei

    2014-08-15

    Aromatase is the only enzyme in vertebrates to catalyze the biosynthesis of estrogens. Although inhibitors of aromatase have been developed for the treatment of estrogen-dependent breast cancer, the whole-body inhibition of aromatase causes severe adverse effects. Thus, tissue-selective aromatase inhibitors are important for the treatment of estrogen-dependent cancers. In this study, 63 natural products with diverse structures were examined for their effects on estrogen biosynthesis in human ovarian granulosa-like KGN cells. Two compounds—trans-phytol (SA-20) and (22E)-ergosta-6,9,22-triene-3β,5α,8α-triol (SA-48)—were found to potently inhibit estrogen biosynthesis (IC{sub 50}: 1 μM and 0.5 μM, respectively). Both compounds decreased aromatase mRNA and protein expression levels in KGN cells, but had no effect on the aromatase catalytic activity in aromatase-overexpressing HEK293A cells and recombinant expressed aromatase. The two compounds decreased the expression of aromatase promoter I.3/II. Neither compound affected intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels, but they inhibited the phosphorylation or protein expression of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB). The effects of these two compounds on extracellular regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and AKT/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway were examined. Inhibition of p38 MAPK could be the mechanism underpinning the actions of these compounds. Our results suggests that natural products structurally similar to SA-20 and SA-48 may be a new source of tissue-selective aromatase modulators, and that p38 MAPK is important in the basal control of aromatase in ovarian granulosa cells. SA-20 and SA-48 warrant further investigation as new pharmaceutical tools for the prevention and treatment of estrogen-dependent cancers. - Highlights: • Two natural products inhibited estrogen biosynthesis in human ovarian granulosa cells. • They

  7. THE SEARCH FOR A COMPLEX MOLECULE IN A SELECTED HOT CORE REGION: A RIGOROUS ATTEMPT TO CONFIRM TRANS-ETHYL METHYL ETHER TOWARD W51 e1/e2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, P. Brandon; McGuire, Brett A.; Blake, Geoffrey A.; Apponi, A. J.; Ziurys, L. M.; Remijan, Anthony

    2015-01-20

    An extensive search has been conducted to confirm transitions of trans-ethyl methyl ether (tEME, C{sub 2}H{sub 5}OCH{sub 3}), toward the high-mass star forming region W51 e1/e2 using the 12 m Telescope of the Arizona Radio Observatory at wavelengths from 2 mm and 3 mm. In short, we cannot confirm the detection of tEME toward W51 e1/e2 and our results call into question the initial identification of this species by Fuchs et al. Additionally, re-evaluation of the data from the original detection indicates that tEME is not present toward W51 e1/e2 in the abundance reported by Fuchs and colleagues. Typical peak-to-peak noise levels for the present observations of W51 e1/e2 were between 10 and 30 mK, yielding an upper limit of the tEME column density of ≤1.5 × 10{sup 15} cm{sup –2}. This would make tEME at least a factor of two times less abundant than dimethyl ether (CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}) toward W51 e1/e2. We also performed an extensive search for this species toward the high-mass star forming region Sgr B2(N-LMH) with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory 100 m Green Bank Telescope. No transitions of tEME were detected and we were able to set an upper limit to the tEME column density of ≤4 × 10{sup 14} cm{sup –2} toward this source. Thus, we are able to show that tEME is not a new molecular component of the interstellar medium and that an exacting assessment must be carried out when assigning transitions of new molecular species to astronomical spectra to support the identification of large organic interstellar molecules.

  8. Replication Bypass of the trans-4-Hydroxynonenal-Derived (6S,8R,11S)-1,N[superscript 2]-Deoxyguanosine DNA Adduct by the Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA Polymerase IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banerjee, Surajit; Christov, Plamen P.; Kozekova, Albena; Rizzo, Carmelo J.; Egli, Martin; Stone, Michael P.

    2014-10-02

    trans-4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is the major peroxidation product of {omega}-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in vivo. Michael addition of the N{sub 2}-amino group of dGuo to HNE followed by ring closure of N1 onto the aldehyde results in four diastereomeric 1,N{sub 2}-dGuo (1,N{sub 2}-HNE-dGuo) adducts. The (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct was incorporated into the 18-mer templates 5'-d(TCATXGAATCCTTCCCCC)-3' and d(TCACXGAATCCTTCCCCC)-3', where X = (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct. These differed in the identity of the template 5'-neighbor base, which was either Thy or Cyt, respectively. Each of these templates was annealed with either a 13-mer primer 5'-d(GGGGGAAGGATTC)-3' or a 14-mer primer 5'-d(GGGGGAAGGATTCC)-3'. The addition of dNTPs to the 13-mer primer allowed analysis of dNTP insertion opposite to the (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct, whereas the 14-mer primer allowed analysis of dNTP extension past a primed (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo:dCyd pair. The Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4) belongs to the Y-family of error-prone polymerases. Replication bypass studies in vitro reveal that this polymerase inserted dNTPs opposite the (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct in a sequence-specific manner. If the template 5'-neighbor base was dCyt, the polymerase inserted primarily dGTP, whereas if the template 5'-neighbor base was dThy, the polymerase inserted primarily dATP. The latter event would predict low levels of Gua {yields} Thy mutations during replication bypass when the template 5'-neighbor base is dThy. When presented with a primed (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo:dCyd pair, the polymerase conducted full-length primer extension. Structures for ternary (Dpo4-DNA-dNTP) complexes with all four template-primers were obtained. For the 18-mer:13-mer template-primers in which the polymerase was confronted with the (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct, the (6S,8R,11S)-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo lesion remained in the ring

  9. Synthesis of the Stereoisomeric Clusters 1,2-Os3(CO)10(trans-dpmn) and 1,2-Os3(CO)10(cis-dpmn) [where dpmn = 2,3-bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)-5-norbornene]: DFT Evaluation of the Isomeric Clusters 1,2-Os3(CO)10(dpmn) and Isomer-Dependent Diphosphine Ligand Activation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yang, Li; Nesterov, Vladimir N.; Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.

    2014-07-23

    The bicyclic diphosphines trans- and cis-2,3-bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)-5-norbornene (dpmn) react with 1,2-Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2 (1) to furnish the corresponding ligand-bridged clusters Os3(CO)10(trans-dpmn) (2) and Os3(CO)10(cis-dpmn) (3). Both new products have been isolated and the molecular structures established by X-ray diffraction analyses. The dihydroxyl-bridged cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)8(μ-OH)2(cis-dpmn) (4), which accompanied the formation of 3 in one reaction, has been isolated and characterized by mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography. Whereas cluster 2 is stable in toluene at 373 K, 3 is thermally sensitive under identical conditions and undergoes loss of CO (2 equiv), coupled with the activation of three norbornene C-H bonds and one P-C(phenyl) bond, tomore » furnish the dihydride cluster H2Os3(CO)8[μ3-2-PhPC-3-endo-Ph2PCH2(C7H7)] (5). The solid-state structure of 5 confirms the multiple activation of the cis-dpmn ligand and accompanying formation of the face-capping 2-PhPC-3-endo-Ph2PCH2(C7H7) moiety in the product. DFT calculations on 2 and 3 indicate that the former cluster is the thermodynamically more stable isomer, and the conversion of 3→ 5 + 2CO + benzene is computed to be exergonic by 12.7 kcal/mol and is entropically favored due to the release of the CO and benzene by-products.« less

  10. VTA, SamTrans Look into Future with Bus Demo

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    induction motor for propulsion. Although there are several fuel cell chemistries and configura- tions, PEM is generally recog- nized as the best combination of electrochemistry, operating temperature, and weight for transportation applications. The fuel cell supplies electric current via an inverter to the propulsion motor, which is a proprietary design. This chassis- mounted, three-phase, induction motor is rated at 225 kW (369 horsepower). Hydrogen is stored onboard in eleven 5,000-psi

  11. Meeting Book - Software Framework Trans Energy July 23-24

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... George S. Dively Conference Center Case Western ... VOLTTRON is equipped to communicate with building systems ... A technology community is a voluntary association of skilled ...

  12. Meeting Book - Software Framework Trans Energy July 23-24

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Western Reserve University, Room 202, Dively Conference Center 11240 Bellflower Road, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 Meeting on the Software Framework for Transactive Energy T h e D e p a r t m e n t o f E n e r g y O f f i c e o f E n e r g y E f f i c i e n c y a n d R e n e w a b l e E n e r g y B U I L D I N G T E C H N O L O G I E S O F F I C E 1 2 July 23-24 [SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK FOR TRANSACTIVE ENERGY] Welcome The Department of Energy Building Technologies Program and Case Western Reserve University

  13. PP-398 Great Northern Trans Line Amended App.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  14. VTA, SamTrans Look into Future with Bus Demo

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fact sheet describes the study being conducted on three fuel cell buses at the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and the San Mateo County Transit District.

  15. Microsoft Word - Clean Combined CPLX TRANS Solicitation Final...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... All capitalized terms defined 4 herein shall have the ... Under Section 1705(e) of Title XVII, the authority to enter ... not have a DUNS you can search for it or request one at ...

  16. TransForum News from Argonne's Transportation Research Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the development of heat transfer fluids with enhanced thermo- physical properties for concentrated solar power (CSP), power plant cooling and power electronics applications. In...

  17. Using HyTrans to Study H2 Transition Scenarios

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Delivery Services with United Parcel Service | Department of Energy Department of Energy (DOE) is participating as an authorized user of the second generation General Services Administration (GSA) Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) GS-33F-BQV08 for Express and Ground Domestic Delivery Services (DDS2) in the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. DDS2 is a full service Federal Strategic Sourcing Initiative (FSSI) solution providing agencies with a range of delivery options

  18. TransForum - Volume 10, No. 3 - Winter 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the article at http:green.autoblog.com20100726study-argonne- makes-the-case-for-a-propane-powered-automotive-f The Argonne report, "U.S. Well-to-Wheels Analysis of...

  19. TransForum 15-2 Special Issue

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the vulnerabilities facing infrastructure components such as the electric grid, natural gas distribution and petroleum pipelines. "A variety of factors can impact a...

  20. TransForum - Volume 10, No. 2 - Summer 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Projects to Improve Fuel Efficiency 6 Argonne's Integrated Approach to Developing Biofuels and Engines 9 Facility Spotlight: MATT 10 Modeling PHEV Thermal Effects on Engine...

  1. TransForum Volume 10, No. 1 - Spring 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are that your batteries won't be recharged with solar or wind energy. In most places, grid power will come from the burning of fossil fuels, which generate their own emissions....

  2. TransForum - Special Issue: Batteries - August 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    greater than conventional capacitors and a power density hundreds of times greater than lithium-ion batteries. "Ultracapacitors give an electric vehicle the initial boost it...

  3. Routes to trans A,B-substituted bacteriochlorins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Mass, Olga

    2016-06-14

    Bacteriochlorin of Formula I: wherein R is H or silyl are described, along with compositions containing the same and methods of making and using the same. ##STR00001##

  4. EIS-0450: TransWest Express Transmission Project; Wyoming, Colorado...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management (Wyoming State Office), evaluates the potential environmental impacts of...

  5. Synthesis of the Stereoisomeric Clusters 1,2-Os3(CO)10(trans-dpmn) and 1,2-Os3(CO)10(cis-dpmn) [where dpmn = 2,3-bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)-5-norbornene]: DFT Evaluation of the Isomeric Clusters 1,2-Os3(CO)10(dpmn) and Isomer-Dependent Diphosphine Ligand Activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Li; Nesterov, Vladimir N.; Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.

    2014-07-23

    The bicyclic diphosphines trans- and cis-2,3-bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)-5-norbornene (dpmn) react with 1,2-Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2 (1) to furnish the corresponding ligand-bridged clusters Os3(CO)10(trans-dpmn) (2) and Os3(CO)10(cis-dpmn) (3). Both new products have been isolated and the molecular structures established by X-ray diffraction analyses. The dihydroxyl-bridged cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)8(μ-OH)2(cis-dpmn) (4), which accompanied the formation of 3 in one reaction, has been isolated and characterized by mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography. Whereas cluster 2 is stable in toluene at 373 K, 3 is thermally sensitive under identical conditions and undergoes loss of CO (2 equiv), coupled with the activation of three norbornene C-H bonds and one P-C(phenyl) bond, to furnish the dihydride cluster H2Os3(CO)83-2-PhPC-3-endo-Ph2PCH2(C7H7)] (5). The solid-state structure of 5 confirms the multiple activation of the cis-dpmn ligand and accompanying formation of the face-capping 2-PhPC-3-endo-Ph2PCH2(C7H7) moiety in the product. DFT calculations on 2 and 3 indicate that the former cluster is the thermodynamically more stable isomer, and the conversion of 3→ 5 + 2CO + benzene is computed to be exergonic by 12.7 kcal/mol and is entropically favored due to the release of the CO and benzene by-products.

  6. The analysis of leakage current in MIS Au/SiO{sub 2}/n-GaAs at room temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altuntas, H.; Ozcelik, S.

    2013-10-15

    The aim of this study is to determine the reverse-bias leakage current conduction mechanisms in Au/SiO{sub 2}/n-GaAs metal-insulator-semiconductor type Schottky contacts. Reverse-bias current-voltage measurements (I-V) were performed at room temperature. The using of leakage current values in SiO{sub 2} at electric fields of 1.46-3.53 MV/cm, ln(J/E) vs. {radical}E graph showed good linearity. Rom this plot, dielectric constant of SiO{sub 2} was calculated as 3.7 and this value is perfect agreement with 3.9 which is value of SiO{sub 2} dielectric constant. This indicates, Poole-Frenkel type emission mechanism is dominant in this field region. On the other hand, electric fields between 0.06-0.73 and 0.79-1.45 MV/cm, dominant leakage current mechanisms were found as ohmic type conduction and space charge limited conduction, respectively.

  7. Geometrical properties of the trans-spherical solutions in higher dimensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Gungwon; Kim, Hyeong-Chan; Lee, Jungjai

    2009-06-15

    We investigate the geometrical properties of static vacuum p-brane solutions of Einstein gravity in D=n+p+3 dimensions, which have spherical symmetry of S{sup n+1} orthogonal to the p directions and which are invariant under the translation along them. The solutions are characterized by the mass density and p number of tension densities. The causal structure of the higher-dimensional solutions is essentially the same as that of the five-dimensional ones. Namely, a naked singularity appears for most solutions except for the Schwarzschild black p-brane and the Kaluza-Klein bubble. We show that some important geometric properties such as the area of S{sup n+1} and the total spatial volume are characterized only by the three parameters (the mass density, the sum of tension densities, and the sum of tension density squares), rather than individual tension densities. These geometric properties are analyzed in detail in this parameter space and are compared with those of the five-dimensional case.

  8. Induced core formation time in subcritical magnetic clouds by large-scale trans-Alfvnic flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudoh, Takahiro; Basu, Shantanu E-mail: basu@uwo.ca

    2014-10-20

    We clarify the mechanism of accelerated core formation by large-scale nonlinear flows in subcritical magnetic clouds by finding a semi-analytical formula for the core formation time and describing the physical processes that lead to them. Recent numerical simulations show that nonlinear flows induce rapid ambipolar diffusion that leads to localized supercritical regions that can collapse. Here, we employ non-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations including ambipolar diffusion for gravitationally stratified sheets threaded by vertical magnetic fields. One of the horizontal dimensions is eliminated, resulting in a simpler two-dimensional simulation that can clarify the basic process of accelerated core formation. A parameter study of simulations shows that the core formation time is inversely proportional to the square of the flow speed when the flow speed is greater than the Alfvn speed. We find a semi-analytical formula that explains this numerical result. The formula also predicts that the core formation time is about three times shorter than that with no turbulence, when the turbulent speed is comparable to the Alfvn speed.

  9. Communication: One-photon phase control of cis-trans isomerization in retinal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arango, Carlos A.; Brumer, Paul

    2013-02-21

    We computationally demonstrate the one-photon phase control of retinal isomerization under conditions of low laser intensity. The calculations, utilizing the multiconfigurational time dependent Hartree method, include coupling between the two modes that are active in isomerization and the background molecular vibrational environment. Noting previously unsuccessful computations highlights the significance of this result.

  10. Radiation transport algorithms on trans-petaflops supercomputers of different architectures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher, Thomas Woods

    2003-08-01

    We seek to understand which supercomputer architecture will be best for supercomputers at the Petaflops scale and beyond. The process we use is to predict the cost and performance of several leading architectures at various years in the future. The basis for predicting the future is an expanded version of Moore's Law called the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). We abstract leading supercomputer architectures into chips connected by wires, where the chips and wires have electrical parameters predicted by the ITRS. We then compute the cost of a supercomputer system and the run time on a key problem of interest to the DOE (radiation transport). These calculations are parameterized by the time into the future and the technology expected to be available at that point. We find the new advanced architectures have substantial performance advantages but conventional designs are likely to be less expensive (due to economies of scale). We do not find a universal ''winner'', but instead the right architectural choice is likely to involve non-technical factors such as the availability of capital and how long people are willing to wait for results.

  11. TransCom model simulations of CH4 and related species: Linking...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Patra, P K ; Houweling, S ; Krol, M ; Bousquet, P ; Belikov, D ; Bergmann, D ; Bian, H ; Cameron-Smith, P ; Fortems-Cheiny, A ; Chipperfield, M ; Corbin, K ; Fraser, A ; ...

  12. New counterterms induced by trans-Planckian physics in semiclassical gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nacir, D. Lopez; Mazzitelli, F. D.

    2008-08-15

    We consider free and self-interacting quantum scalar fields satisfying modified dispersion relations in the framework of Einstein-Aether theory. Using adiabatic regularization, we study the renormalization of the equation for the mean value of the field in the self-interacting case, and the renormalization of the semiclassical Einstein-Aether equations for free fields. In both cases we consider Bianchi type I background spacetimes. Contrary to what happens for free fields in flat Robertson-Walker spacetimes, the self-interaction and/or the anisotropy produce nonpurely geometric terms in the adiabatic expansion, i.e. terms that involve both the metric g{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}} and the aether field u{sub {mu}}. We argue that, in a general spacetime, the renormalization of the theory would involve new counterterms constructed with g{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}} and u{sub {mu}}, generating a fine-tuning problem for the Einstein-Aether theory.

  13. Back-reaction and the trans-Planckian problem of inflation reexamined

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Robert H.; Martin, Jerome

    2005-01-15

    It has recently been suggested that Planck scale physics may effect the evolution of cosmological fluctuations in the early stages of cosmological inflation in a nontrivial way, leading to an excited state for modes whose wavelength is super-Planck but sub-Hubble. In this case, the issue of how this excited state back-reacts on the background space-time arises. In fact, it has been suggested that such back-reaction effects may lead to tight constraints on the magnitude of possible deviations from the usual predictions of inflation. In this note we discuss some subtle aspects of this back-reaction issue and point out that rather than preventing inflation, the back-reaction of ultraviolet fluctuations may simply lead to a renormalization of the cosmological constant driving inflation.

  14. Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Materials and Alternatives for Storage Batteries Session C: Strategies and Research for ... of Science and Technology, Material Flow Analysis Session D: Opportunities for ...

  15. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    York Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 or 1.403.920.2000 Website: www.transcanada.com4779.html Outage Hotline: 1.800.661.3805 or 1.403.920.2000 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  16. TransForu Winter Vol 13.1 Online spreads version

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in JCESR include national laboratories Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories and SLAC National Accelerator...

  17. Regulatory Interactions in ProKaryotes from RegTransBase () ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of transcription by an identified direct regulator determining the transcriptional ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC); Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Russian ...

  18. TransForum News from Argonne's Transportation Technology R&D...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electricity or alternative fuels, while lowering costs and reducing impacts on the environment. New developments in electric vehicle systems, combustion, battery chemistries,...

  19. Microsoft Word - Tran Waste final report 2-8-05.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Transuranic Waste Management at Los Alamos National Laboratory DOE/IG-0673 February 2005 REPORT ON TRANSURANIC WASTE MANAGEMENT AT LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY TABLE OF CONTENTS Legacy Transuranic Waste Disposal Details of Finding 1 Recommendations and Comments 4 Appendices 1. Objective, Scope, and Methodology 6 2. Transuranic Waste Storage 8 3. Prior Audit Reports 10 4. Management Comments 11 Legacy Transuranic Waste Disposal Page 1 Details of Finding Background Los Alamos National Laboratory

  20. TransForum News from Argonne's Transportation Technology R&D...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on power electronics, such as those used in hybrid vehicles. 14 Electric Vehicle-Smart Grid Interoperability Center Established at Argonne Argonne is the home of a new Electric...

  1. Inflation by alignment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burgess, C.P.; Roest, Diederik

    2015-06-08

    Pseudo-Goldstone bosons (pGBs) can provide technically natural inflatons, as has been comparatively well-explored in the simplest axion examples. Although inflationary success requires trans-Planckian decay constants, f≳M{sub p}, several mechanisms have been proposed to obtain this, relying on (mis-)alignments between potential and kinetic energies in multiple-field models. We extend these mechanisms to a broader class of inflationary models, including in particular the exponential potentials that arise for pGB potentials based on noncompact groups (and so which might apply to moduli in an extra-dimensional setting). The resulting potentials provide natural large-field inflationary models and can predict a larger primordial tensor signal than is true for simpler single-field versions of these models. In so doing we provide a unified treatment of several alignment mechanisms, showing how each emerges as a limit of the more general setup.

  2. Requesting a Digital ID | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    S puzzle1.jpg tep One - Registering with the DOE's Management Information System (MIS) ... Note: Please establish security questions as soon as you receive your MIS login ...

  3. Property:NumberOfLowEmissionDevelopmentStrategiesExamples | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    sionDevelopmentStrategiesExamples Property Type Number Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:NumberOfLowEmissionDevelopmentStrategiesExamples&oldid323715...

  4. Yiii%sz Rockwell

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    these activities we were known as the Atomics International Divi- sion of North American Aviation, Inc. In September 1962 we shipped 409 kilograms of uranium enriched to...

  5. Hydropower Vision Chapter 1: Introducing the Hydropower Vision

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... valuation of system-wide grid reliability and stability services; and recognition and valuation of societal benefits from avoided power-sector air pollution and GHG emis- sions. ...

  6. Structure of trans-methyl 2-phenylhexahydro-2H-isoxazolo (2,3-a)-pyridine-3-carboxylate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ul-Haque, M.; Horne, W.; Ali, S.A. )

    1993-02-01

    The title compound, a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition product, crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2[sub 1]/c, with a = 8.199(3), b = 16.908(1), c = 10.248(2) [angstrom],[beta] = 93.58(2)[degrees] and Z = 4. The structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full matrix least squares methods to R = 0.038 for 1687 observed reflections. The stereochemistry of this compound was found to have the [open quotes]ee[close quotes] conformation in the solid state as well as in solution. The piperidine ring in the molecule is in the chair form and the isoxazolidine ring adopts an envelope conformation.

  7. Sterol-dependent nuclear import of ORP1S promotes LXR regulated trans-activation of apoE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Sungsoo; Wang, Ping-Yuan; Jeong, Yangsik; Mangelsdorf, David J.; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9041 ; Anderson, Richard G.W.; Michaely, Peter

    2012-10-01

    Oxysterol binding protein related protein 1S (ORP1S) is a member of a family of sterol transport proteins. Here we present evidence that ORP1S translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in response to sterol binding. The sterols that best promote nuclear import of ORP1S also activate the liver X receptor (LXR) transcription factors and we show that ORP1S binds to LXRs, promotes binding of LXRs to LXR response elements (LXREs) and specifically enhances LXR-dependent transcription via the ME.1 and ME.2 enhancer elements of the apoE gene. We propose that ORP1S is a cytoplasmic sterol sensor, which transports sterols to the nucleus and promotes LXR-dependent gene transcription through select enhancer elements. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ORP1S translocates to the nucleus in response to sterol binding. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The sterols that best promote nuclear import of ORP1S are LXR agonists. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ORP1S binds to LXRs, enhances binding of LXRs to LXREs and promotes LXR-dependent transcription of apoE.

  8. A trans-outer membrane porin-cytochrome protein complex for extracellular electron transfer by Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Yimo; Wang, Zheming; Liu, Juan; Levar, Caleb; Edwards, Marcus; Babauta, Jerome T.; Kennedy, David W.; Shi, Zhi; Beyenal, Haluk; Bond, Daniel R.; et al

    2014-09-24

    The multiheme, outer membrane c-type cytochrome (c-Cyt) OmcB of Geobacter sulfurreducens was previously proposed to mediate electron transfer across the outer membrane. However, the underlying mechanism has remained uncharacterized. In G. sulfurreducens, the omcB gene is part of two tandem four-gene clusters, each is predicted to encode a transcriptional factor (OrfR/OrfS), a porin-like outer membrane protein (OmbB/OmbC), a periplasmic c-type cytochrome (OmaB/OmaC), and an outer membrane c-Cyt (OmcB/OmcC), respectively. Here we showed that OmbB/OmbC, OmaB/OmaC and OmcB/OmcC of G. sulfurreducens PCA formed the porin-cytochrome (Pcc) protein complexes, which were involved in transferring electrons across the outer membrane. The isolated Pccmore » protein complexes reconstituted in proteoliposomes transferred electrons from reduced methyl viologen across the lipid bilayer of liposomes to Fe(III)-citrate and ferrihydrite. The pcc clusters were found in all eight sequenced Geobacter and 11 other bacterial genomes from six different phyla, demonstrating a widespread distribution of Pcc protein complexes in phylogenetically diverse bacteria. Deletion of ombB-omaB-omcB-orfS-ombC-omaC-omcC gene clusters had no impact on the growth of G. sulfurreducens PCA with fumarate, but diminished the ability of G. sulfurreducens PCA to reduce Fe(III)-citrate and ferrihydrite. Finally, complementation with the ombB-omaB-omcB gene cluster restored the ability of G. sulfurreducens PCA to reduce Fe(III)-citrate and ferrihydrite.« less

  9. trans-K3[TcO2(CN)4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatterjee, Sayandev; Del Negro, Andrew S; Edwards, Matthew K; Twamley, Brendan; Krause, Jeanette A; Bryan, Samuel A

    2010-07-14

    The dioxotetracyanotechnetate anion, [TcO2(CN)4]3-, of the title complex has octahedral symmetry. The technetium is located on a center of inversion and is bound by two oxygen atoms and four cyano ligands. The Tc=O bond distance of 1.7721 (12) Å is consistent with double bond character. The potassium cations [located on special (1/2,0,1) and general positions] reside in octahedral or tetrahedral environments; interionic K···O and K···N interactions occur in the 2.7877 (19)-2.8598 (15) Å range.

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Transportation Energy Transition Modeling and Analysis: the LAVE-Trans Model

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about transportation...

  11. Improved DC Gun Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sah, R.; Dudas, A.; Neubauer, M. L.; Poelker, M.; Surles-Law, K. E.L.

    2010-05-23

    Many user fa­cil­i­ties such as syn­chrotron ra­di­a­tion light sources and free elec­tron lasers re­quire ac­cel­er­at­ing struc­tures that sup­port elec­tric fields of 10-100 MV/m, es­pe­cial­ly at the start of the ac­cel­er­a­tor chain where ce­ram­ic in­su­la­tors are used for very high gra­di­ent DC guns. These in­su­la­tors are dif­fi­cult to man­u­fac­ture, re­quire long com­mis­sion­ing times, and often ex­hib­it poor re­li­a­bil­i­ty. Two tech­ni­cal ap­proach­es to solv­ing this prob­lem will be in­ves­ti­gat­ed. First­ly, in­vert­ed ce­ram­ics offer so­lu­tions for re­duced gra­di­ents be­tween the elec­trodes and ground. An in­vert­ed de­sign will be pre­sent­ed for 350 kV, with max­i­mum gra­di­ents in the range of 5-10 MV/m. Sec­ond­ly, novel ce­ram­ic man­u­fac­tur­ing pro­cess­es will be stud­ied, in order to pro­tect triple junc­tion lo­ca­tions from emis­sion, by ap­ply­ing a coat­ing with a bulk re­sis­tiv­i­ty. The pro­cess­es for cre­at­ing this coat­ing will be op­ti­mized to pro­vide pro­tec­tion as well as be used to coat a ce­ram­ic with an ap­pro­pri­ate gra­di­ent in bulk re­sis­tiv­i­ty from the vac­u­um side to the air side of an HV stand­off ce­ram­ic cylin­der. Ex­am­ple in­su­la­tor de­signs are being com­put­er mod­elled, and in­su­la­tor sam­ples are being man­u­fac­tured and test­ed

  12. Can We Predict Plan Quality for External Beam Partial Breast Irradiation: Results of a Multicenter Feasibility Study (Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group Study 06.02)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kron, Tomas; Willis, David; Link, Emma; Lehman, Margot; Campbell, Gillian; O'Brien, Peter; Chua, Boon

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: Partial breast irradiation (PBI) after lumpectomy may be an option for selected patients with early breast cancer. A feasibility study of accelerated PBI delivered using external beam 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (RT) was undertaken at 8 Australasian centers. The present study evaluated the impact of patient, tumor, and RT technique-related factors on the quality of RT plans as determined by the dosevolume parameters of organs at risk. Methods and Materials: Forty-eight patients were enrolled in the study. All RT plans were centrally reviewed using predefined dosimetric criteria before commencement and after completion of protocol therapy. The RT plans of 47 patients met the dosevolume constraints, and all 47 patients received PBI to a prescribed dose of 38.5 Gy in 10 fractions. The RT plan quality was determined by volumes of the ipsilateral whole breast, lung, and heart that received 50% and 95%; 30%; and 5% of the prescribed dose, respectively. Patient, tumor, and RT technique-related factors were investigated for association with the parameters of RT plan quality. Results: The ratio of the planning target volume to the ipsilateral whole-breast volume was significantly associated with the ipsilateral breast doses on multiple variable analyses. The distance of the postlumpectomy surgical cavity from the heart and lung were predictive for heart and lung doses, respectively. A distance between surgical cavity and heart of >4 cm typically resulted in <1% of the heart volume receiving 5 Gy or less. It was more difficult to meet the heart dose constraint for left-sided and medially located tumors. Conclusions: Partial breast irradiation using 3-dimensional conformal RT was feasible within the study constraints. The ratio of planning target volume to ipsilateral whole-breast volume and the distance of surgical cavity from the heart were significant predictors of the quality of treatment plan for external beam PBI.

  13. TransAtlas: A U.S. Map of Fuels and Vehicles Data from the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles (AFDC)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Data stored in the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) can provide insight to policymakers, entrepreneurs, fuel users, and other parties interested in reducing petroleum consumption. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory analyzes transportation-related data and identifies trends related to alternative fuels and vehicles. These analyses are posted in the AFDC as technical reports and Excel spreadsheets that can be manipulated by outside users. To provide the most robust collection of information possible, this section also includes links to data analyses from outside the AFDC. These sources are noted in each file. There are also interactive map applications and some PDF documents.

  14. SECURING HARDWARE, SOFTWARE AND DATA

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    wish to thank Joree O'Neal and Rachel Smith for all their help and support with ... Lab; sion@cs.stonybrook.edu Smith, Sean; Dartmouth College; sws@cs.dartmouth.edu St. ...

  15. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... to model the effects of fast-neutron pulses on the gain ... sion's Office of New Reactors in performing license ... Tech Area 5 with a Sodium Reactor Fuel Debris ...

  16. LBL--29472 DE91

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This work supported by the Director, Office 11 of Energy Research, Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Science Divi- sion, U. S. Department of Energy under con- ...

  17. Use Vapor Recompression to Recover Low-Pressure Waste Steam,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Conduct a Pinch Analysis Based on the actual application, there may be other options to vapor recompres- sion. The industry best practice is to conduct a pinch analysis on the ...

  18. SLA-74.0103 No For(:iqri

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Antia ,craft b1issiJ.e (SIAM). A description of the optical system is included, and models of target radiant intensity, atmospheric transmis- sion, and background radiance...

  19. TRUTeamWorks 08-05-04

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Waste Isolation Pilot Plant team Transportation and disposal ... engineer in the U.S. Naval Nuclear Propul- sion Program. ... To everyone else, thank you. John Gran The Safety Awareness ...

  20. X&h

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 1945, effective as of the 1st day of Ray 1343, the partics hereto entered into ... JRZPRAS, said contract was tmnsferred to the Vnitcd States Atomic Energy Conn&sion ...

  1. Compliance, HQ GILMAD J&ILL STUDY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    associated with the Ilanhattan Project andor early Atomic Energy Coaik5sion activities. ... Barium x-rays were pronounced in the corresponding x-ray spectra taken with the FIDLER ...

  2. Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Application from TransCanada Power ...

  3. Microsoft Word - 01_Final Draft PA.doc

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on April 19, 2006, the DOS received an application for a Presidential Permit from TransCanada Keystone Pipeline, L.P. (TransCanada) for the TransCanada Keystone Pipeline Project ...

  4. EO 12866 meeting materials from 2/8 - DOE Distrubtion Transformers...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    PDF icon DOE Dist Trans NOPR ComEd Comments Apr 2012.pdf PDF icon DOE Dist Trans NOPR SA Com Ed Comments Jun 2012.pdf PDF icon DOE Dist Trans Prelim Analysis ComEd Comments ...

  5. EA-307 Silverhill Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PDF icon EA-307 Silverhill Ltd More Documents & Publications EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-B TransCanada Power Marketing ...

  6. Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Presentation by Paul Leiby of Oak ...

  7. Uncertainty quantification methodologies development for storage...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and trans- portation of used nuclear fuel: Pilot study on stress corrosion cracking ... and trans- portation of used nuclear fuel: Pilot study on stress corrosion cracking ...

  8. St. Clair County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Missouri Gerster, Missouri Lowry City, Missouri Osceola, Missouri Roscoe, Missouri Vista, Missouri Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSt.ClairCounty,Mis...

  9. EERE Program Management Guide - Appendix E

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... http:eere-intranet.ee.doe.gov Employee Self Service: https:mis.doe.govess ...eere-intranet.ee.doe.govconference Search Portal of Technology: http:...

  10. 2010 - 07 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JLab Senior Leadership Search Committee Thu, 07222010 - 3:00pm MIS Applications Outage Friday Evening Thu, 07152010 - 3:00pm TEDF Groundbreaking Sept. 1 - Invitation...

  11. Lowndes County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mississippi Columbus AFB, Mississippi Columbus, Mississippi Crawford, Mississippi New Hope, Mississippi Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLowndesCounty,Mis...

  12. Special Report: IG-0900 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Department's Management Information System (MIS) ... (DOEInfo) database. Because of the importance of ensuring the security of the Department's systems and sensitive ...

  13. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they...

  14. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A. Plummer ; Various Others In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they...

  15. National Service Activation Checklist

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    You need to keep the ESS web address handy: http:mis.doe.govess with your password. 4. Have you notified your supervisor and administrative officer? Supervisor: Name: ...

  16. Requesting A Token | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RSASecurIDSID800.jpg Step One - Registering with the DOE's Management Information System ... Note: Please establish security questions as soon as you receive your MIS login ...

  17. Coahoma County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coahoma, Mississippi Friars Point, Mississippi Jonestown, Mississippi Lula, Mississippi Lyon, Mississippi Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCoahomaCounty,Mis...

  18. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Others In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they provide insight into how...

  19. Numerical simulation of drift response in rock salt resulting from the emplacement of RH-TRU (Remote Handled TRansUranic) waste in an array of horizontal long boreholes in a separate panel at the WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argueello, J.G.; Beraun, R.

    1987-01-01

    A series of thermal/structural analyses were performed to assess the feasibility of the Horizontal Long Borehole Concept for the emplacement of Remote Handled Transuranic waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Results from the study indicate a strong sensitivity to power output per canister and to borehole spacing. This suggests that the feasibility of implementing the concept at the site will be highly dependent on the maximum power output per canister and on the spacing at which the boreholes containing these canisters might be placed. 8 refs., 6 figs.

  20. A Linear trans -Bis(imido) Neptunium(V) Actinyl Analog: NpV (NDipp)2 ( tBu2 bipy)2Cl (Dipp = 2,6- i Pr2C6H3)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brown, Jessie L.; Batista, Enrique R.; Boncella, James M.; Gaunt, Andrew J.; Reilly, Sean D.; Scott, Brian L.; Tomson, Neil C.

    2015-07-22

    We present the discovery that imido analogs of actinyl dioxo cations can be extended beyond uranium into the transuranic elements. Synthesis of the Np(V) complex, Np(NDipp)2(tBu2bipy)2Cl (1), is achieved through treatment of a Np(IV) precursor with a bipyridine co-ligand and lithium-amide reagent. Complex 1 has been structurally characterized, analyzed by 1H NMR and UV/vis/NIR spectroscopies, and the electronic structure evaluated by DFT calculations.

  1. Phase 3 Trial of Domiciliary Humidification to Mitigate Acute Mucosal Toxicity During Radiation Therapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer: First Report of Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) 07.03 RadioHUM Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macann, Andrew; Fua, Tsien; Milross, Chris G.; Porceddu, Sandro V.; Penniment, Michael; Wratten, Chris; Krawitz, Hedley; Poulsen, Michael; Tang, Colin I.; Morton, Randall P.; Hay, K. David; Thomson, Vicki; Bell, Melanie L.; King, Madeleine T.; Fraser-Browne, Carol L.; Hockey, Hans-Ulrich P.

    2014-03-01

    Purpose: To assess the impact of domicile-based humidification on symptom burden during radiation therapy (RT) for head-and-neck (H and N) cancer. Methods and Materials: From June 2007 through June 2011, 210 patients with H and N cancer receiving RT were randomized to either a control arm or to receive humidification using the Fisher and Paykel Healthcare MR880 humidifier. Humidification commenced on day 1 of RT and continued until Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0, clinical mucositis (CMuc) grade ≤1 occurred. Forty-three patients (42%) met a defined benchmark for humidification compliance and contributed to per protocol (PP) analysis. Acute toxicities, hospitalizations, and feeding tube events were recorded prospectively. The McMaster University Head and Neck Radiotherapy Questionnaire (HNRQ) was used for patient-reported outcomes. The primary endpoint was area under the curve (AUC) for CMuc grade ≥2. Results: There were no significant differences in AUC for CMuc ≥2 between the 2 arms. Humidification patients had significantly fewer days in hospital (P=.017). In compliant PP patients, the AUC for CTCAE functional mucositis score (FMuc) ≥2 was significantly reduced (P=.009), and the proportion who never required a feeding tube was significantly greater (P=.04). HNRQ PP analysis estimates also in the direction favoring humidification with less symptom severity, although differences at most time points did not reach significance. Conclusions: TROG 07.03 has provided efficacy signals consistent with a role for humidification in reducing symptom burden from mucositis, but the influence of humidification compliance on the results moderates recommendations regarding its practical utility.

  2. Theoretical models of efficiency for polycrystalline thin film solar cells. Quarterly progress report No. 1, September 1, 1979-January 31, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    The literature on Schottky and MIS diodes has been thoroughly reviewed. Underlying the accepted theoretical models for MIS devices, a major weakness in the handling of current flow through the insulating layer was identified. An alternate model, presently only partially developed quantitatively is presented.

  3. Additive Manufacturing/Diagnostics via the High Frequency Induction Heating of Metal Powders: The Determination of the Power Transfer Factor for Fine Metallic Spheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rios, Orlando; Radhakrishnan, Balasubramaniam; Caravias, George; Holcomb, Matthew

    2015-03-11

    Grid Logic Inc. is developing a method for sintering and melting fine metallic powders for additive manufacturing using spatially-compact, high-frequency magnetic fields called Micro-Induction Sintering (MIS). One of the challenges in advancing MIS technology for additive manufacturing is in understanding the power transfer to the particles in a powder bed. This knowledge is important to achieving efficient power transfer, control, and selective particle heating during the MIS process needed for commercialization of the technology. The project s work provided a rigorous physics-based model for induction heating of fine spherical particles as a function of frequency and particle size. This simulation improved upon Grid Logic s earlier models and provides guidance that will make the MIS technology more effective. The project model will be incorporated into Grid Logic s power control circuit of the MIS 3D printer product and its diagnostics technology to optimize the sintering process for part quality and energy efficiency.

  4. Membership Finland

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le DG C.Rubbia et la vice présidente du conseil du Cern souhaite la bienvenue à l'adhésion de la Finlande, comme 15me membre du Cern depuis le 1. janvier 1991 en présence du secrétaire generale et de l'ambassadeur

  5. DOE/EIS-0132-F United States Department ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... T h e U . S. N u c l ea r R eg u l a to ry C omi s sion ( NR C ) wi l l c o n c u r in t h ... E . 2 . 1 3 ) . The dRAP sumary, however, omi ts hydra u l i c condu c t i v i ty v a l ...

  6. Press conference

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Exposés de plusieurs intervenants de la direction et du conseil, comme le Prof.Ramsey, président du conseil sur l'adhésion récente de la Finlande et le "boom" scientifique des pays de l'est.

  7. Title Geographic Distribution. Eumeces gilberti Rubricaudatus...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    RL 10,0.3 km E ofCo.RoadDD(Sec.33,T52N.R26W).16July 1989. F. E. Blake & D. D. Smith. ... Conserv. Publ., 368 pp.). Submitted by DONALD D. SMITH, Divi- sion of Allergy & ...

  8. C. SIrENET

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    m. 61 12!?1/37 C. SIrENET PR jwnlrn RB-JUTA,000LffiBe kw4LV ID TM Ca#lsSION KSII~ ELECTRIC CL@'. VlTiiuFsf MRCS PL#il CMWIE-IELLa CYcLOTml FK

  9. COOLANT STABILIZED WITH KETONE

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burr, J.G.; Strong, J.D.

    1961-11-21

    sion). U. S. Patent 3,009.88l. Nov. 2l, l06l. A method is given for inhibiting radiolytic damage to a polyphenyl composition undergoing nuclear irradiation, the polyphenyl composition initially consisting essentially of polyphenyls having 2 to 4 phenyl rings. The method comprises adding approximately 5 mole% anthraquinone to the polyphenyl composition. (AEC)

  10. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing ...

  11. Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc: Federal Register Notice Volume 76, No. 14 - Jan. 21, 2011 Application from TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc to export electric ...

  12. Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc Application from TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc to export electric energy to ...

  13. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing ... More Documents & Publications EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc. Application ...

  14. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing ... More Documents & Publications EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.)Inc. EA-216-B ...

  15. Microsoft Word - Final report on grant _25_July, 2014_.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... o f metallic dust on operation o f rep-rate, high-power microwave devices", IEEE Trans. ... melting in high-power microwave systems", IEEE Trans, on Plasma Science, 41, 70-76 ...

  16. EIS-0433-S1-NOI-2012.pdf

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: TransCanada Keystone Pipeline, L.P. (TransCanada) has applied to the United States Department of State for a Presidential Permit authorizing the ...

  17. HANDBOOK OF ACCELERATOR PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING Editors: M. Tigner...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Union Conf. on Act. (1972); INP 70-72 (1972); SLAC TRANS 151 (1973) E. Keil, Proc. 3rd ICFA Beam Dyn. Wkshp. (1989); CERN-LEP-TH89-37 (1989) Grsay SR Group, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. ...

  18. Single-ion adsorption and switching in carbon nanotubes

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 441-445 (2006). 10. Goldsmith, B. R., Coroneus, J. G., Kane, ... IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 13, 176-181 (2014). 29. Chang, C.-C. et al. A new lower limit for ...

  19. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    System (in Highgate Springs, VT), as well as the Portland Gas Transmission Pipeline in Pittsburg, NH (via TransCanada's Trans-Quebec and Maritimes Pipeline). Overview: (For the...

  20. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing ... EA-216-C made by TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc. PDF icon EA 216-C Sierra Club More ...

  1. Table 1: Points of Entry/Exit and Transporters | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1: Points of Entry/Exit and Transporters Table 1: Points of Entry/Exit and Transporters POEE List.pdf (80.18 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd

  2. Method to Reduce Molten Salt Penetration into Bulk Vitrification Refractory Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagaasen, L.M.; Hrma, P.R.; Kim, D.S.; Schweiger, M.J.; Matyas, J.; Rodriguez, C.P. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA (United States); Witwer, K.S. [AMEC Nuclear Holdings Ltd., GeoMelt Division, Richland, WA (United States)

    2008-07-01

    Bulk vitrification (BV) is a process that heats a feed material consisting of glass-forming solids and dried low-activity waste (LAW) in a disposable refractory-lined metal box using electrical power supplied through carbon electrodes. The feed is heated to the point that the LAW decomposes and combines with the solids to generate a vitreous waste form. However, the castable refractory block (CRB) portion of the refractory lining has sufficient porosity to allow the low-viscosity molten ionic salt (MIS), which contains technetium (Tc) in a soluble form, to penetrate the CRB. This limits the effectiveness of the final waste form. This paper describes tests conducted to develop a method aimed at reducing the quantities of soluble Tc in the CRB. Tests showed that MIS formed in significant quantities at temperatures above 300 deg. C, remained stable until roughly 550 deg. C where it began to thermally decompose, and was completely decomposed by 800 deg. C. The estimated volume fraction of MIS in the feed was greater than 40%, and the CRB material contained 11 to 15% open porosity, a combination allowing a large quantity of MIS to migrate through the feed and penetrate the open porosity of the CRB. If the MIS is decomposed at temperatures below 300 deg. C or can be contained in the feed until it fully decomposes by 800 deg. C, MIS migration into the CRB can be avoided. Laboratory and crucible-scale experiments showed that a variety of methods, individually or in combination, can decrease MIS penetration into the CRB. Modifying the CRB to block MIS penetration was not deemed practical as a method to prevent the large quantities of MIS penetration seen in the full-scale tests, but it may be useful to reduce the impacts of lower levels of MIS penetration. Modifying the BV feed materials to better contain the MIS proved to be more successful. A series of qualitative and quantitative crucible tests were developed that allowed screening of feed modifications that might be

  3. Plan and justification for a Proof-of-Concept oil shale facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The technology being evaluated is the Modified In-Situ (MIS) retorting process for raw shale oil production, combined with a Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor (CFBC), for the recovery of energy from the mined shale. (VC)

  4. Plan and justification for a Proof-of-Concept oil shale facility. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The technology being evaluated is the Modified In-Situ (MIS) retorting process for raw shale oil production, combined with a Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor (CFBC), for the recovery of energy from the mined shale. (VC)

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - OZMRpresentation 09-06-09.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stub Shaft Bearing Housing is Mis-Aligned Estimated U4 Repair is 2-4 Million Plus Time * Project FY 10 Funding is Zero US Army Corps US Army Corps of Engineers of Engineers ...

  6. DOE G 414

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    M m ability Matu tegration, Version 1.1, CMMI for Softw , Stag resentatio -2002-TR-029, ESC-TR-2002-029, C e Eng ng Institu . odel Integ are Engineeri arnegie MI) Pro MI-S...

  7. Complex-wide representation of material packaged in 3013 containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narlesky, Joshua E.; Peppers, Larry G.; Friday, Gary P.

    2009-06-01

    The DOE sites packaging plutonium oxide materials packaged according to Department of Energy 3013 Standard (DOE-STD-3013) are responsible for ensuring that the materials are represented by one or more samples in the Materials Identification and Surveillance (MIS) program. The sites categorized most of the materials into process groups, and the remaining materials were characterized, based on the prompt gamma analysis results. The sites issued documents to identify the relationships between the materials packaged in 3013 containers and representative materials in the MIS program. These Represented documents were then reviewed and concurred with by the MIS Working Group. However, these documents were developed uniquely at each site and were issued before completion of sample characterization, small-scale experiments, and prompt gamma analysis, which provided more detailed information about the chemical impurities and the behavior of the material in storage. Therefore, based on the most recent data, relationships between the materials packaged in 3013 containers and representative materials in the MIS program been revised. With the prompt gamma analysis completed for Hanford, Rocky Flats, and Savannah River Site 3013 containers, MIS items have been assigned to the 3013 containers for which representation is based on the prompt gamma analysis results. With the revised relationships and the prompt gamma analysis results, a Master Represented table has been compiled to document the linkages between each 3013 container packaged to date and its representative MIS items. This table provides an important link between the Integrated Surveillance Program database, which contains information about each 3013 container to the MIS items database, which contains the characterization, prompt gamma data, and storage behavior data from shelf-life experiments for the representative MIS items.

  8. Quantum photonics hybrid integration platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, E.; Floether, F. F.; Ellis, D. J. P.; Meany, T.; Bennett, A. J. Shields, A. J.; Lee, J. P.; Griffiths, J. P.; Jones, G. A. C.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D. A.

    2015-10-26

    Fundamental to integrated photonic quantum computing is an on-chip method for routing and modulating quantum light emission. We demonstrate a hybrid integration platform consisting of arbitrarily designed waveguide circuits and single-photon sources. InAs quantum dots (QD) embedded in GaAs are bonded to a SiON waveguide chip such that the QD emission is coupled to the waveguide mode. The waveguides are SiON core embedded in a SiO{sub 2} cladding. A tuneable Mach Zehnder interferometer (MZI) modulates the emission between two output ports and can act as a path-encoded qubit preparation device. The single-photon nature of the emission was verified using the on-chip MZI as a beamsplitter in a Hanbury Brown and Twiss measurement.

  9. NREL Develops ZnSiP2 for Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights in Research & Development, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Combining an Earth-abundant chalcopyrite with a silicon layer could significantly boost conversion efficiency above that of single-junction silicon solar cells. A current technological challenge in photovoltaics (PV) is to implement a lattice-matched, optically efficient material to be used in conjunction with silicon for tandem PV cells. III-V materials currently hold the world-record conver- sion efficiencies for both single- and multijunction cells. Researchers at the National Renewable

  10. OSTIblog Articles in the Bayesian Inference Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information Bayesian Inference Topic The Reverend Thomas Bayes by Kathy Chambers 06 Nov, 2013 in Products and Content 13432 bayesPicture.jpg The Reverend Thomas Bayes Read more about 13432 During the 1700's, the Reverend Thomas Bayes was a nonconformist minister at the Mount Sion Chapel in Tunbridge Wells, UK, about 40 miles southeast of central London. Having studied both theology and logic at the University of Edinburgh, he was also a mathematician and

  11. A low-power pressure-and temperature-programmed separation system for a micro gas chromatograph.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sacks, Richard D. (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI); Robinson, Alex Lockwood (Advanced Sensor Technologies, Albuquerque, NM); Lambertus, Gordon R. (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI); Potkay, Joseph A. (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI); Wise, Kensall D. (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI)

    2006-10-01

    This thesis presents the theory, design, fabrication and testing of the microvalves and columns necessary in a pressure- and temperature-programmed micro gas chromatograph ({micro}GC). Two microcolumn designs are investigated: a bonded Si-glass column having a rectangular cross section and a vapor-deposited silicon oxynitride (Sion) column having a roughly circular cross section. Both microcolumns contain integrated heaters and sensors for rapid, controlled heating. The 3.2 cm x 3.2 cm, 3 m-long silicon-glass column, coated with a non-polar polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stationary phase, separates 30 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in less than 6 min. This is the most efficient micromachined column reported to date, producing greater than 4000 plates/m. The 2.7 mm x 1.4 mm Sion column eliminates the glass sealing plate and silicon substrate using deposited dielectrics and is the lowest power and fastest GC column reported to date; it requires only 11 mW to raise the column temperature by 100 C and has a response time of 11s and natural temperature ramp rate of 580 C/min. A 1 m-long PDMS-coated Sion microcolumn separates 10 VOCs in 52s. A system-based design approach was used for both columns.

  12. Notices INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION SCIENCES-Continued

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Tuesday, April 23, 2013 Notices INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION SCIENCES-Continued CFDA No. and name Application package available Deadline for trans- mittal of applications Estimated...

  13. Vaccine-elicited primate antibodies use a distinct approach to...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Tran, Karen ; Poulsen, Christian ; Guenaga, Javier ; de Val, Natalia ; Wilson, Richard ; Sundling, Christopher ; Li, Yuxing ; Stanfield, Robyn L. ; Wilson, Ian A. ; Ward, ...

  14. Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analyzing the Impacts of Policies and Technological Change Using HyTrans Presentation by ORNL's David Greene at the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles ...

  15. EIS-0183: Record of Decision | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    within an industrial area adjacent to TransAlta's existing Centralia Steam Plant in Lewis County, Washington. PDF icon DOEEIS-0183, Bonneville Power Administration, Record of...

  16. CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    D.C. Tran001.pdf PDF icon CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY More Documents & Publications U.S. Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Projects Public Meeting Transcript for...

  17. Dallas County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporation NatEl Panda Energy International Inc Shermco Industries Inc Southridge Enterprises Southridge Ethanol SunFuel Midstream Tang Group Energy Ltd TransAtlantic Petroleum...

  18. Kaufman County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group Meridian Biorefining Corporation Panda Energy International Inc Southridge Enterprises Southridge Ethanol SunFuel Midstream Tang Group Energy Ltd TransAtlantic Petroleum...

  19. Denton County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solutions NatEl Panda Energy International Inc Power Generating Inc Southridge Enterprises Southridge Ethanol SunFuel Midstream Sunluz Tang Group Energy Ltd TransAtlantic...

  20. Collin County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporation NCRC Energy Solutions Panda Energy International Inc Southridge Enterprises Southridge Ethanol SunFuel Midstream Tang Group Energy Ltd TransAtlantic Petroleum...

  1. Dallas, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group Meridian Biorefining Corporation Panda Energy International Inc Southridge Enterprises Southridge Ethanol SunFuel Midstream Tang Group Energy Ltd TransAtlantic Petroleum...

  2. Rockwall County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group Meridian Biorefining Corporation Panda Energy International Inc Southridge Enterprises Southridge Ethanol SunFuel Midstream Tang Group Energy Ltd TransAtlantic Petroleum...

  3. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC-9 Benchmarks & Workflows Benchmark Distribution & Run Rules Home R & D APEX Alliance for Application Performance at Extreme Scale apex-logo-nw-trans.png NERSC has ...

  4. EIS-0139: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    139: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0139: Final Environmental Impact Statement Trans-Alaska Gas System EIS-0139-FEIS-1988.pdf (37.74 MB) More Documents & Publications ...

  5. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 4967-4986, ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... to source regions, impacting trans- portation (road vehicles and airports), military operations and photovoltaic energy production (see, e.g., Schroedter- Homscheidt et al., 2013). ...

  6. EIS-0450: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0450: Draft Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express Transmission Project; Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada This EIS, being ...

  7. THE LOSS OF ACCURACY OF STOCHASTIC COLLOCATION METHOD IN SOLVING...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Webster, Clayton G 1 ; Tran, Hoang A 1 ; Trenchea, Catalin S 1 + Show Author Affiliations ORNL Publication Date: 2013-01-01 OSTI Identifier: 1096367 DOE Contract ...

  8. Complexity Isn?t Necessarily Free: Opportunities and Challenges...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Tran, Hy D. ; Robbins, Joshua ; Clark, Brett W. ; Blacker, Teddy D. ; Boyce, Brad ; Lim, Hojun ; Battaile, Corbett Chandler. Publication Date: 2015-03-01 OSTI Identifier: 1240840 ...

  9. EERE Success Story-Nationwide: The Nation's First Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    construct and start production of bio-based succinic acid in ... that reduces greenhouse gas by 94% compared to the ... trans-form renewable biomass resources into commercially ...

  10. Category:NEPA Transmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pages in category "NEPA Transmission" This category contains only the following page. T TransWest Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:NEPATransmiss...

  11. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Applied to TransAT Calculations of a Smooth-Wall Turbulent Channel Flow using LES Despoina Chatzikyriakou, Jacopo. Buongiorno, Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

  12. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Climate change National security 50 coal plants canceled delayed since January ... The Smart Grid is "trans-active" and will: Enable active participation by consumers ...

  13. EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express Transmission ...

  14. ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    November 4, 2014 LAB COMMISSION MEETING MINUTES Microsoft Word - USJapanREEagendaver7.doc Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a ...

  15. EIS-0450: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0450: Final Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express Transmission Project; Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada Download Document ...

  16. National Transmission Grid Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... NGC has reduced the costs of congestion through a combination of operational efficiency improvements, improved forecasting, investment in trans- mission expansion, and adoption of ...

  17. EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the TransWest Express Transmission Project in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada. The Bureau of Land Management and DOE's Western Area Power Administration, joint lead agencies...

  18. EIS-0450: BLM and WAPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    TransWest Express Transmission Project; Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada The Bureau of Land Management and Western Area Power Administration, as joint lead agencies,...

  19. EIS-0450: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    TransWest Express Transmission Project; Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, Wyoming, intends to prepare...

  20. EIS-0450: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the TransWest Express Transmission Project in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada. The Bureau of Land Management and DOE's Western Area Power Administration, joint lead agencies...

  1. Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Program: Fuel Cells Fact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    also power our trans- portation, including personal vehicles, trucks, buses, marine vessels, and other specialty vehicles such as lift trucks and ground support equipment, as...

  2. RAPID/BulkTransmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    regulatory processes and requirements by searching our regulatory flowchart library. Learn more about bulk transmission. BulkTransCoverage.png Regulations and permitting...

  3. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Mammal Protection Act MW megawatt MWh ... and maintenance PC-1 Pacific Crossing system-a trans-oceanic ... TGU turbine generator unit TSS total ...

  4. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Presentation (Hung Tran) Discussant Presentation (James Smith) Financial and Physical Oil ... Robe) Discussant Presentation (James Smith) Investor flows and the 2008 boombust in ...

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Search

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Corp. Eaton Enova Systems Hino ISE International Odyne Corp. Parker Hannifin Corp. Proterra Siemens Smith Electric Vehicles Transportation Techniques (TransTeq) Voith Turbo

  6. Required Annual Notices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Token Requesting A Token RSA_SecurID_SID800.jpg Step One - Registering with the DOE's Management Information System (MIS) Before you request a DOE Digital Identity, you must register in DOE's Management Information System (MIS). Please note that DOE Federal employees are already registered and do not need to complete this step. They may skip to step two. During the registration process, you will be required to select a DOE sponsor. Your sponsor is the DOE employee who certifies that you have a

  7. Phase 1 Final Technical Report - MgB2 Synthesis for High Field Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohit Bhatia; Peter McIntyre

    2009-11-02

    Accelerator Technology Corp. (ATC) has successfully completed its Phase 1 effort to devel-op rf plasma torch synthesis of MgB2 superconducting powder. The overall objective is to de-velop a way to introduce homogeneous alloying of C and SiC impurities into phase-pure MgB2. Several groups have attained remarkable benefits from such alloying in raising the upper critical field Hc2 from ~14 T to ~30 T (bulk) and ~50 T (thin films). But no one has succeeded in pro-ducing that benefit homogeneously, so that current transport in a practical powder-in-tube (PIT) conductor is largely the same as without the alloying. ATC has conceived the possibility of attaining such homogeneity by passing aerosol suspen-sions of reactant powders through an rf plasma torch, with each reactant transported on a stream-line that heats it to an optimum temperature for the synthesis reaction. This procedure would uniquely access non-equilibrium kinetics for the synthesis reaction, and would provide the possi-bility to separately control the temperature and stoichiometry of each reactant as it enters the mixing region where synthesis occurs. It also facilitates the introduction of seed particles (e.g. nanoscale SiC) to dramatically enhance the rate of the synthesis reaction compared to gas-phase synthesis in rf plasma reported by Canfield and others. During the Phase 1 effort ATC commissioned its 60 kW 5 MHz rf source for a manufactur-ing-scale rf plasma torch. This effort required repair of numerous elements, integration of cooling and input circuits, and tuning of the load characteristics. The effort was successful, and the source has now been tested to ~full power. Also in the Phase 1 effort we encountered a subsidiary but very important problem: the world is running out of the only present supply of phase-pure amorphous boron. The starting boron powder must be in the amorphous phase in order for the synthesis reaction to produce phase-pure MgB2. Even small contamination with crystalline

  8. Document

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    66 29 CFR Ch. XIV (7-1-04 Edition) § 1614.101 1614.402 Time for appeals to the Commis- sion. 1614.403 How to appeal. 1614.404 Appellate procedure. 1614.405 Decisions on appeals. 1614.406 Time limits. [Reserved] 1614.407 Civil action: Title VII, Age Dis- crimination in Employment Act and Re- habilitation Act. 1614.408 Civil action: Equal Pay Act. 1614.409 Effect of filing a civil action. Subpart E-Remedies and Enforcement 1614.501 Remedies and relief. 1614.502 Compliance with final Commission

  9. Fusion Science to Prepare

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DIII-D Explorations of Fusion Science to Prepare for ITER and FNSF Dr. Richard Buttery General Atomics Tuesday, Dec 10, 2013 - 11:00AM MBG AUDITORIUM Refreshments at 10:45AM The PrinceTon Plasma Physics laboraTory is a U.s. DeParTmenT of energy faciliTy Recent DIII-D research has provided significant new in- formation for the physics basis of key scientific issues for successful operation of ITER and future steady state fu- sion tokamaks, including control of edge localized modes (ELMs), plasma

  10. S A V A N N A H R I V E R S I T E

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Excerpts from "Strengthening Energy Security through Federal Partnerships" 67 ENE RGY The Military Engineer * No. 676 The need to shrink depen dence on fos- sil fuels is not a new conce pt in the na- tion's energy discus sion, nor is the need to invest in clean, renew able energy . But the challe nge of how to deliver solar, bioma ss, wind, wave, geothe rmal and other power genera tion techno logies in a cost effecti ve, large-s cale mann er-an d meet the chang - ing energy deman ds of

  11. OSTIblog Articles in the Thomas Bayes Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information Bayes Topic The Reverend Thomas Bayes by Kathy Chambers 06 Nov, 2013 in Products and Content 13432 bayesPicture.jpg The Reverend Thomas Bayes Read more about 13432 During the 1700's, the Reverend Thomas Bayes was a nonconformist minister at the Mount Sion Chapel in Tunbridge Wells, UK, about 40 miles southeast of central London. Having studied both theology and logic at the University of Edinburgh, he was also a mathematician and developed a

  12. Document

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    29 CFR Ch. XIV (7-1-04 Edition) § 1614.101 1614.402 Time for appeals to the Commis- sion. 1614.403 How to appeal. 1614.404 Appellate procedure. 1614.405 Decisions on appeals. 1614.406 Time limits. [Reserved] 1614.407 Civil action: Title VII, Age Dis- crimination in Employment Act and Re- habilitation Act. 1614.408 Civil action: Equal Pay Act. 1614.409 Effect of filing a civil action. Subpart E-Remedies and Enforcement 1614.501 Remedies and relief. 1614.502 Compliance with final Commission

  13. Quality Assurance for Critical Decision Reviews RM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Quality Assurance for Critical Decision Reviews Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Q C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Quality A Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Assuranc view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) e (QA) e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the

  14. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA ileRL 919 cy 2 TWO-WEEK LOAN COpy This is a Library Circulating Copy which may be borrowed for two weeks. For a personal retention copy, call Tech. Info. Diu/sion, Ext. 5545 BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA '~ .:. .. -\ * UCRL-9l9 Unclassified Distribution UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Radiation Laboratory Contract No. W-7405-eng-48 A Thick Target for Synchrotrons and Betatrons E. M. McMillan September 19, 1950 Berkeley, California Unclassified Distribution ~2- USAF, USAF, USAF, USAF s

  15. L I NATIONAL' LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    L I NATIONAL' LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO tJw HEALTH AND SAFETY DI"ISION - ANALITICIL DEPT. ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET _I . . NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY O F OHIO HEALTH AND SAFETY DIY1SION - ANALYTICAL DEPT. ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET NATIONA-i LEn' D COMPANY OF OHIO HEALTH AND SAFETY Dl"lSlDN - m4ALITICAL DEPT. ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET NO. I DlSTRlBUTlON OF COPIES I I A,w,lytlc.al Loboratorr (RBCORD COPI) 2 Induswlol Hvalen. B Rodhtlon Dept. 3 1 Water Trsotmmt Plant c=.z w&w hnp,., Only, - . _. NATIONAL

  16. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond The Reverend Thomas Bayes by Kathy Chambers on Wed, November 06, 2013 13432 bayesPicture.jpg The Reverend Thomas Bayes Read more about 13432 During the 1700's, the Reverend Thomas Bayes was a nonconformist minister at the Mount Sion Chapel in Tunbridge Wells, UK, about 40 miles southeast of central London. Having studied both theology and logic at the University of Edinburgh, he was also a mathematician and developed a strong

  17. A Linear trans -Bis(imido) Neptunium(V) Actinyl Analog: NpV (NDipp)2 ( tBu2 bipy)2Cl (Dipp = 2,6- i Pr2C6H3)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Jessie L.; Batista, Enrique R.; Boncella, James M.; Gaunt, Andrew J.; Reilly, Sean D.; Scott, Brian L.; Tomson, Neil C.

    2015-07-22

    We present the discovery that imido analogs of actinyl dioxo cations can be extended beyond uranium into the transuranic elements. Synthesis of the Np(V) complex, Np(NDipp)2(tBu2bipy)2Cl (1), is achieved through treatment of a Np(IV) precursor with a bipyridine co-ligand and lithium-amide reagent. Complex 1 has been structurally characterized, analyzed by 1H NMR and UV/vis/NIR spectroscopies, and the electronic structure evaluated by DFT calculations.

  18. Report on the handling of safety information concerning flammable gases and ferrocyanide at the Hanford waste tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01

    This report discusses concerns safety issues, and management at Hanford Tank Farm. Concerns center on the issue of flammable gas generation which could ignite, and on possible exothermic reactions of ferrocyanide compounds which were added to single shell tanks in the 1950's. It is believed that information concerning these issues has been mis-handled and the problems poorly managed. (CBS)

  19. Amorphous silicon enhanced metal-insulator-semiconductor contacts for silicon solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bullock, J. Cuevas, A.; Yan, D.; Demaurex, B.; Hessler-Wyser, A.; De Wolf, S.

    2014-10-28

    Carrier recombination at the metal-semiconductor contacts has become a significant obstacle to the further advancement of high-efficiency diffused-junction silicon solar cells. This paper provides the proof-of-concept of a procedure to reduce contact recombination by means of enhanced metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) structures. Lightly diffused n{sup +} and p{sup +} surfaces are passivated with SiO{sub 2}/a-Si:H and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/a-Si:H stacks, respectively, before the MIS contacts are formed by a thermally activated alloying process between the a-Si:H layer and an overlying aluminum film. Transmission/scanning transmission electron microscopy (TEM/STEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy are used to ascertain the nature of the alloy. Idealized solar cell simulations reveal that MIS(n{sup +}) contacts, with SiO{sub 2} thicknesses of ?1.55?nm, achieve the best carrier-selectivity producing a contact resistivity ?{sub c} of ?3 m? cm{sup 2} and a recombination current density J{sub 0c} of ?40 fA/cm{sup 2}. These characteristics are shown to be stable at temperatures up to 350?C. The MIS(p{sup +}) contacts fail to achieve equivalent results both in terms of thermal stability and contact characteristics but may still offer advantages over directly metallized contacts in terms of manufacturing simplicity.

  20. Proceedings of the 2009 Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madhavan, Raj; Messina, Elena

    2009-09-01

    The Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (PerMIS) workshop is dedicated to defining measures and methodologies of evaluating performance of intelligent systems. As the only workshop of its kind, PerMIS has proved to be an excellent forum for sharing lessons learned and discussions as well as fostering collaborations between researchers and practitioners from industry, academia and government agencies. The main theme of the ninth iteration of the workshop, PerMIS'09, seeks to address the question: 'Does performance measurement accelerate the pace of advancement for intelligent systems?' In addition to the main theme, as in previous years, the workshop will focus on applications of performance measures to practical problems in commercial, industrial, homeland security, and military applications. The PerMIS'09 program consists of six plenary addresses and six general and special sessions. The topics that are to be discussed by the speakers cover a wide array of themes centered on many intricate facets of intelligent system research. The presentations will emphasize and showcase the interdisciplinary nature of intelligent systems research and why it is not straightforward to evaluate such interconnected system of systems. The three days of twelve sessions will span themes from manufacturing, mobile robotics, human-system interaction, theory of mind, testing and evaluation of unmanned systems, to name a few.

  1. Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells incorporating a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carlson, David E.

    1980-01-01

    Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells which incorporate a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer adjacent to the junction forming metal layer exhibit increased open circuit voltages compared to standard rectifying junction metal devices, i.e., Schottky barrier devices, and rectifying junction metal insulating silicon devices, i.e., MIS devices.

  2. Western oil-shale development: a technology assessment. Volume 2: technology characterization and production scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    A technology characterization of processes that may be used in the oil shale industry is presented. The six processes investigated are TOSCO II, Paraho Direct, Union B, Superior, Occidental MIS, and Lurgi-Ruhrgas. A scanario of shale oil production to the 300,000 BPD level by 1990 is developed. (ACR)

  3. Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Development of High Energy Lithium-Sulfur Cells for Electric Vehicle Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-10-01

    BEEST Project: Sion Power is developing a lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery, a potentially cost-effective alternative to the Li-Ion battery that could store 400% more energy per pound. All batteries have 3 key partsa positive and negative electrode and an electrolytethat exchange ions to store and release electricity. Using different materials for these components changes a batterys chemistry and its ability to power a vehicle. Traditional Li-S batteries experience adverse reactions between the electrolyte and lithium-based negative electrode that ultimately limit the battery to less than 50 charge cycles. Sion Power will sandwich the lithium- and sulfur-based electrode films around a separator that protects the negative electrode and increases the number of charges the battery can complete in its lifetime. The design could eventually allow for a battery with 400% greater storage capacity per pound than Li-Ion batteries and the ability to complete more than 500 recharge cycles.

  4. Future Potential of Hybrid and Diesel Powertrains in the U.S...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Potential of Hybrid and Diesel Powertrains in the U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Market Future ... with HyTrans Fact 869: April 20, 2015 Gasoline Direct Injection Captures 38% Market ...

  5. Appendix A Scoping Summary Report and Response to Draft EIS Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... We already have air pollution problems in our area, we don't need more, The EIS discloses that the Wood River Refinery would receive TransCanada crude oil and analyzes the impacts ...

  6. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition,...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... from stochastic processes across scales. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 366, 2351-2363. Chase, J.M., Kraft, N.J.B., Smith, K.G., Vellend, M., and Inouye, B.D. (2011). ...

  7. A Novel Secreted Protein, MYR1, Is Central to Toxoplasma's Manipulatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... CC, Freedman ML, Blacklow SC, Aster JC, Bernstein BE, Kieff E. 2011. Epstein-Barr virus exploits intrinsic B-lymphocyte tran- scription programs to achieve immortal cell growth. ...

  8. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Services, LLC (Trinidad and Tobago) 1926; 1926-A FE03-30-NG 071103 Mex TransAlta Chihuahua S.A. de C.V. 1877 Page owner: Fossil Energy Office of Communications Page updated...

  9. Microsoft Word - Cheyenne briefing memo Revised 8 20 14 FINAL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... pipelines - typically 8-24 inches in diameter, but ranging up to the 48 inch diameter Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) - that bring crude oil from producing areas to refineries. ...

  10. CASL L3 Report: Tally Server implementation in OpenMC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... do not need to store the tallies inmemory (other than meta-data describing the tally). ... High performance computing and Monte Carlo. Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc., 91(1):279-280, 2004. ...

  11. CarBen_Operators_Manual_-_9-27-10_Final_Draft

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Source Data o ER: Emissions Reduction Case o Ref: Reference Case o Res: Residential Module o Com: Commercial Module o Ind: Industrial Module o Elec: Electricity Module o Trans:...

  12. Border Trade Facilitation System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1999-06-07

    System for managing commercial trans-border shipments via the Internet. This application assists geographically distributed commercial and governmental users with the transshipment of goods across the U.S. - Mexico border.

  13. EERE PowerPoint 97-2004 Template: Green Version

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... high, energy-only payments Plant Price (MWh) Escalation (%yr) Comments ORMAT - Campbell 99 800kMW-yr Cyrg Energy - New Mexico 98 2.75 Trans Alta-Mid American 70 1.5 ...

  14. Derk Bol, Materials Innovation Institute M2i (Netherlands) M2i...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    icon SessionA4Bol.ppt More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Vehicle Technologies...

  15. Madhav Manjrekar and Elena Arvanitis, Siemens Corporate Research...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    B5Manjrekar-Siemens.pdf More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future FY 2015 Advanced...

  16. Steve Duclos, Chief Scientist, GE Global Research, Research Priorities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SessionC3Duclos-GE.pdf More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Iowa lab gets...

  17. NALCAL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Seminar 1 West Speaker: Nhan Tran, Fermilab Title: The Evolution of Jets at the LHC: Jets, Subjets and Particles *** Fermilab Lecture Series *** 8:00 P.M....

  18. Transportation Sector Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model.

  19. B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Fact...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    moving the power of the Northwest Behind your light switch lies an engineering marvel that helps power the Northwest. BPA's trans- mission system contains more than 15,000...

  20. Fort Peck Assiniboine & Sioux Tribes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    West along US 2 12 mi. from high temp well to Trans. Line 1979 Hottest Temp according to Well Logs is Number 42 at 243F @ 6K feet. Scope of Work Phase I - Geothermal ...

  1. Atmospheric 14CO2 Constraints on and Modeling of Net Carbon Fluxes...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    In parallel we utilized the LLNL-IMPACT global atmospheric chemistry transport model and the TransCom inversion algorithm to utilize these data in inversion estimates of carbon ...

  2. Simulation and visualization of attosecond stimulated x-ray Raman...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Simulation and visualization of attosecond stimulated x-ray Raman spectroscopy signals in trans-N-methylacetamide at the nitrogen and oxygen K-edges Citation Details In-Document ...

  3. Microsoft Word - FINAL_TECHNICAL_REPORT.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 56 21. N. Janco: "Calculating Sizes of Gates and Risers," Am. Foundrymen's Soc. Trans., 1947, vol. 55, pp. 296-300. 22. N. Chvorinov: "Control of the Solidification of Castings by ...

  4. Research and Development of Nb3Sn Wires and Cables for High-Field...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract Number: AC02-07CH11359 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: IEEE Trans.Nucl.Sci. Research Org: Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), ...

  5. Covalent Attachment of Diamondoid Phosphonic Acid Dichlorides...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hongyuan ; Tran, Ich C. ; Willey, Trevor M. ; Bagge-Hansen, Michael ; Dahl, Jeremy E.P. ; Carlson, Robert M.K. ; Fokin, Andrey A. ; Schreiner, Peter R. ; Shen, Zhi-Xun ; Melosh, ...

  6. $165,000 awarded to regional businesses by LANS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IX Power received 30,000 to develop a product demonstration for Trans-Ex, a software ... our momentum in fulfilling orders and marketing our products," says Tape-Ease founder ...

  7. Reactivity of Chromium(III) Nutritional Supplements in Biological...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Reactivities of Cr(III) complexes used in nutritional formulations, including Cr3O(OCOEt)6(OH2)3+ (A), Cr(pic)3 (pic) 2-pyridinecarboxylato(-) (B), and trans-CrCl2(OH2)4+ ...

  8. Telecommunications Environment Daniel M. Fleetwood Abstract

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Microprocessors, linear ICs, combinational logic, and even flash memories can present ... R. S c h w a D. K Nichols, and A. H. Johnston, "SEU in Flash Memories," IEEE Trans. Nucl. ...

  9. Bishop Paiute Tribe 2015 Residential Solar Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on Tribal-member owner-occupied, single-family homes of low- income families on the ... , 501(c)(3) non-profit solar installer; Business Contact: A. Bambi Tran, Inland Empire ...

  10. Low NO sub x /SO sub x Burner retrofit for utility cyclone boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Work on process design and LNS Burner design was deferred during this period, pending a reassessment of the project by TransAlta prior to commencement of Budget Period II, and only limited Balance of Plant engineering work was done.

  11. Low NO{sub x}/SO{sub x} Burner retrofit for utility cyclone boilers. Quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    Work on process design and LNS Burner design was deferred during this period, pending a reassessment of the project by TransAlta prior to commencement of Budget Period II, and only limited Balance of Plant engineering work was done.

  12. Notices

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... newsletters, and posting on the BLM Web site at http: www.blm.govwysteninfo... E-mail: TransWestWYMail@blm.gov. Web site: http:www.blm.govwyst eninfoNEPA...

  13. High-Alloy Ferritic Steels: Martensitic Stainless Steels, Precipitatio...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Metall Trans 12A (1981) 2138-2141. 7. LW Tsay, WC Lee, RK Shiue and JK Wu. Notch tensile properties of laser-surface-annealed 17-4 PH stainless steel in hydrogen-related ...

  14. Synthesis and characterization of tunable coumarin- linked glasses as new class of organic/inorganic phosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luridiana, Alberto; Pretta, Gianluca; Secci, Francesco; Frongia, Angelo; Chiriu, Daniele; Carbonaro, Carlo Maria; Corpino, Riccardo; Ricci, Pier Carlo

    2014-10-21

    It is well known that stilbene with a trans conformation is highly fluorescent. From the viewpoint of molecular structure, coumarins bear a carbon-carbon double bond which is fixed as trans conformation as in trans-stilbene through a lactone structure. This can help to avoid the trans-cis transformation of the double bond under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation as observed in stilbene compounds and results in strong fluorescence and high fluorescence quantum yield and photostability in most of coumarin derivatives. Herein we report some preliminary results about the synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of tunable coumarins and the development of a new linkage protocol for the obtainment of monolayer coumarin-covalently linked glasses. The resulting organic/inorganic coumarin/silica based Self-Assembled Monolayer (SMA) film is proposed as new phosphors for the substituting of critical raw materials, like rare earths, in photonics applications.

  15. Premium Power Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    control, manufacturing and installation of seven 500-kW6-hour TransFlow 2000 energy storage systems in California, Massachusetts, and New York to lower peak energy demand and...

  16. Before and after: video highlights advances in Rio de Janeiro...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Before and after: video highlights advances in Rio de Janeiro's TransCarioca bus rapid transit system Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Before and after:...

  17. igure 1. Map of N. Alaska and NW Canada Showing the Locations...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPR-A), Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) fig1.jpg (122614 bytes) ...

  18. CoverSheet

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    2: Th On sched Develope spectral r method c spectrum signal so o single tran transit, (ii frequency power spe with a str proportio medium o ln The line f current...

  19. I'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    iT ' -&' Mt??7WZdO77 ED STATES GOVERNME:: TO : 8. J. smith, Jr., Chief. ... for trans- ferring to tham the Haker-Smith Area complete dth txidsting buildinga, the ...

  20. Cost and Impacts of Policies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Impacts of Policies David L. Greene Paul N. Leiby ORNL David C. Bowman Econotech 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure January 31, 2007 Washington, D.C. Plan of presentation: Brief review of HyTrans Calibration of FCV learning, scale, technological change Scenarios and Policies RESULTS 2010-2025 and long-run impacts 2010-2025 Government/Industry Costs Hydrogen production, infrastructure & cost HyTrans merges the early transition scenarios with

  1. VWD-0004 - In the Matter of Princeton University | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    VTA, SamTrans Look into Future with Bus Demo VTA, SamTrans Look into Future with Bus Demo Fact sheet describes the study being conducted on three fuel cell buses at the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and the San Mateo County Transit District. 38265.pdf (505.79 KB) More Documents & Publications Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit District -- Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Evaluation Results Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo

  2. MA Org Chart, June 2 Rev. 1, 2016

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MA-1 Ingrid Kolb, Director Laurie Morman, Chief of Staff Office of Resource Management and Planning MA-1.1 Marilyn Dillon, Director Sandra Hersh, Dep. Director Office of Scheduling and Advance Charles Quintero, Director MA-10 MA-70 Office of Executive Secretariat Amy B. Demagistris, Director Office of Policy Analysis Michael Coogan Office of Correspondence Management Steven Johnsen MA-72 Administration, MIS, and Executive Commitments Group Shena Kennerly MA-74 Office of History and Archives

  3. Steam System Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Jayne; Ludwig, Peter; Brand, Larry

    2012-08-01

    Older heating systems often suffer from mis-investment--multiple contractors upgrading parts of systems in inadequate or inappropriate ways that reduce system functionality and efficiency--or from a lack of proper maintenance. This technical report addresses these barriers to information, contractor resources, and cost-savings. Building off of previous research, CNT Energy conducted a study to identify best practices for the methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam system balancing.

  4. Material Balance Assessment for Double-Shell Tank Waste Pipeline Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onishi, Yasuo; Wells, Beric E.; Hartley, Stacey A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; White, Mike

    2002-10-30

    PNNL developed a material balance assessment methodology based on conservation of mass for detecting leaks and mis-routings in pipeline transfer of double-shell tank waste at Hanford. The main factors causing uncertainty in these transfers are variable property and tank conditions of density, existence of crust, and surface disturbance due to mixer pump operation during the waste transfer. The methodology was applied to three waste transfers from Tanks AN-105 and AZ-102.

  5. Steam Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, J.; Ludwig, P.; Brand, L.

    2012-08-01

    Older heating systems often suffer from mis-investment--multiple contractors upgrading parts of systems in inadequate or inappropriate ways that reduce system functionality and efficiency--or from a lack of proper maintenance. This technical report addresses these barriers to information, contractor resources, and cost-savings. Building off of previous research, CNT Energy conducted a study to identify best practices for the methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam; system balancing.

  6. Tritium Focus Group Meeting:

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    32 nd Tritium Focus Group Meeting: Tritium research activities in Safety and Tritium Applied Research (STAR) facility, Idaho National Laboratory Masashi Shimada Fusion Safety Program, Idaho National Laboratory April 25 th 2013, Germantown, MD STI #: INL/MIS-13-28975 Outlines 1. Motivation of tritium research activity in STAR facility 2. Unique capabilities in STAR facility 3. Research highlights from tritium retention in HFIR neutron- irradiated tungsten April 25th 2013 Germantown, MD STAR

  7. DATE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 SECTION A. Project Title: Cask Mis-Loads Evaluation Techniques SECTION B. Project Description The main objective of this project is to develop a probabilistically-informed methodology, which involves innovative non- destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques, to determine the extent of potential damage or degradation of internal components of used nuclear fuel canisters/casks during normal conditions of transport or Hypothetical accident conditions. The University of Houston will use NDE based on

  8. Special Training Materials | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Special Report: IG-0900 Special Report: IG-0900 December 6, 2013 Department of Energy's July 2013 Cyber Security Breach To facilitate its administrative and operational needs, the Department of Energy maintains a substantial amount of personally identifiable information (PII). The Department's Management Information System (MIS) provides a gateway for users to access a system known as the DOE Employee Data Repository (DOEInfo) database. Because of the importance of ensuring the security of the

  9. Microsoft Word - 9-3-14 Vehicle Utilization At Rocky Mountain NP Final_edited.docx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MIS-14-32720 AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Rocky Mountain National Park Stephen Schey Jim Francfort Ian Nienhueser July 2014 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy,

  10. Western states enhanced oil shale recovery program: Shale oil production facilities conceptual design studies report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-08-01

    This report analyzes the economics of producing syncrude from oil shale combining underground and surface processing using Occidental's Modified-In-Situ (MIS) technology and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL) Hot Recycled Solids (HRS) retort. These retorts form the basic technology employed for oil extraction from oil shale in this study. Results are presented for both Commercial and Pre-commercial programs. Also analyzed are Pre-commercialization cost of Demonstration and Pilot programs which will confirm the HRS and MIS concepts and their mechanical designs. These programs will provide experience with the circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor (CFBC), the MIS retort, the HRS retort and establish environmental control parameters. Four cases are considered: commercial size plant, demonstration size plant, demonstration size plant minimum CFBC, and a pilot size plant. Budget cost estimates and schedules are determined. Process flow schemes and basic heat and material balances are determined for the HRS system. Results consist of summaries of major equipment sizes, capital cost estimates, operating cost estimates and economic analyses. 35 figs., 35 tabs.

  11. Utilizing Semantic Big Data for realizing a National-scale Infrastructure Vulnerability Analysis System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chinthavali, Supriya; Shankar, Mallikarjun

    2016-01-01

    Critical Infrastructure systems(CIs) such as energy, water, transportation and communication are highly interconnected and mutually dependent in complex ways. Robust modeling of CIs interconnections is crucial to identify vulnerabilities in the CIs. We present here a national-scale Infrastructure Vulnerability Analysis System (IVAS) vision leveraging Se- mantic Big Data (SBD) tools, Big Data, and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) tools. We survey existing ap- proaches on vulnerability analysis of critical infrastructures and discuss relevant systems and tools aligned with our vi- sion. Next, we present a generic system architecture and discuss challenges including: (1) Constructing and manag- ing a CI network-of-networks graph, (2) Performing analytic operations at scale, and (3) Interactive visualization of ana- lytic output to generate meaningful insights. We argue that this architecture acts as a baseline to realize a national-scale network based vulnerability analysis system.

  12. Sandwiched Rnyi divergence satisfies data processing inequality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beigi, Salman [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    Sandwiched (quantum) ?-Rnyi divergence has been recently defined in the independent works of Wilde et al. [Strong converse for the classical capacity of entanglement-breaking channels, preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.1586 (2013)] and Mller-Lennert et al. [On quantum Rnyi entropies: a new definition, some properties and several conjectures, preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 (2013)]. This new quantum divergence has already found applications in quantum information theory. Here we further investigate properties of this new quantum divergence. In particular, we show that sandwiched ?-Rnyi divergence satisfies the data processing inequality for all values of ? > 1. Moreover we prove that ?-Holevo information, a variant of Holevo information defined in terms of sandwiched ?-Rnyi divergence, is super-additive. Our results are based on Hlder's inequality, the Riesz-Thorin theorem and ideas from the theory of complex interpolation. We also employ Sion's minimax theorem.

  13. FIlea

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    FIlea THRU: R. L. Kirk and 3. N. ?%l.mxe Hr. Brandgun of Health CC Safety ?M.sion and the wrfte~! tisited -de onJamwy 8,19% to lnvastl@ethe aause of tbs fire In aSJlvenio sarap nhipmnttoHWat St. Lauis. The per&x13 ccmtactod vere I-I. Grleb, W. J. Danahue, and A. A. cannon of Sylv@a. On DeoemSar 23, 1953, Sylvnnla, S-de, supped 809 &i. of uranium acrap,wtich vas identlfled on SF 1Ol Fona 110. 4 - SYL tg MX 83 urcminmbar and&de scrap. I On Saturday, hxnh~r 26, 1953, MIX vaa notified tv

  14. Ecuador plans expanded crude-oil line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boschat, J.; Sabathier, J. )

    1995-01-23

    Ecuador plans to increase throughput of the 309 mile, 20 and 26-in. Trans Ecuadorian pipeline that moves crude oil from the Oriente in the Amazon basin to the Pacific coast for refining in local refineries and export. Increasing crude-oil production is driving the expansion. In investment, it is the largest pipeline project in the country in more than 20 years. In August 1992, Petro-ecuador, the Ecuadorian state company in charge of petroleum, hired the French petroleum consulting firm Beicip-Franlab to carry out the basic engineering and preparation of the technical tender documents for increasing the pipeline's throughput. The revamped Trans Ecuadorian pipeline, together with the Triunfo Nuevo-Condijua pipeline, will form the new Trans Ecuadorian pipeline system. This means that they will be integrated into a single system controlled and monitored from a main dispatching center in Guajalo near Quito which is now Petroecuador's maintenance center for the existing pipeline. As there is no supervisory control and data acquisition (scada) system now on the Trans Ecuadorian pipeline, scada will be built along with a new telecommunication network covering the entire new Trans Ecuadorian pipeline system. Also, to comply with the most modern requirements in terms of environmental protection, especially in a country subject to seismic activity, a leak-detection system will be implemented on all lines.

  15. A model-free temperature-dependent conformational study of n-pentane in nematic liquid crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnell, E. Elliott; Weber, Adrian C. J.; Dong, Ronald Y.; Meerts, W. Leo; Lange, Cornelis A. de

    2015-01-14

    The proton NMR spectra of n-pentane orientationally ordered in two nematic liquid-crystal solvents are studied over a wide temperature range and analysed using covariance matrix adaptation evolutionary strategy. Since alkanes possess small electrostatic moments, their anisotropic intermolecular interactions are dominated by short-range size-and-shape effects. As we assumed for n-butane, the anisotropic energy parameters of each n-pentane conformer are taken to be proportional to those of ethane and propane, independent of temperature. The observed temperature dependence of the n-pentane dipolar couplings allows a model-free separation between conformer degrees of order and conformer probabilities, which cannot be achieved at a single temperature. In this way for n-pentane 13 anisotropic energy parameters (two for trans trans, tt, five for trans gauche, tg, and three for each of gauche{sub +} gauche{sub +}, pp, and gauche{sub +} gauche{sub −}, pm), the isotropic trans-gauche energy difference E{sub tg} and its temperature coefficient E{sub tg}{sup ′} are obtained. The value obtained for the extra energy associated with the proximity of the two methyl groups in the gauche{sub +} gauche{sub −} conformers (the pentane effect) is sensitive to minute details of other assumptions and is thus fixed in the calculations. Conformer populations are affected by the environment. In particular, anisotropic interactions increase the trans probability in the ordered phase.

  16. Nonadiabatic ab initio molecular dynamics of photoisomerization in bridged azobenzene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao Aihua; Li Bin; Zhang Peiyu; Han Keli

    2012-11-28

    The photoisomerization mechanisms of bridged azobenzene are investigated by means of surface hopping dynamics simulations based on the Zhu-Nakamura theory. In the geometry optimizations and potential energy surface calculations, four minimum-energy conical intersections between the ground state and the lowest excited state are found to play important roles in the trans-cis and cis-trans isomerization processes. The trans-cis photoisomerization proceeds through two minimum-energy conical intersections. Ultrafast pedal motion of the N atoms and twisting of phenyl rings around their N-C bonds allows the molecule to move to a minimum-energy conical intersection, after which surface hopping from S{sub 1} to S{sub 0} occurs. In the S{sub 0} state, further rotation occurs around the N=N bond and two N-C bonds until the azo moiety and phenyl rings complete their isomerization. Finally, the cis form is achieved by subsequent adjustment of the ethylene bridge. In the cis-trans photodynamics, there is one rotational pathway, in the middle of which two CIs are responsible for the surface hopping to the S{sub 0} state. After the nonadiabatic transition, the molecule reaches the trans form through a barrierless pathway and the two phenyl rings and the additional bridge complete their reorientation almost at the same time.

  17. The first astrophysical detection, terahertz spectrum, and database for the monodeuterated species of methyl formate HCOOCH{sub 2}D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coudert, L. H.; Drouin, B. J.; Tercero, B.; Cernicharo, J.; Guillemin, J.-C.; Motiyenko, R. A.; Margulès, L.

    2013-12-20

    Based on new measurements carried out in the laboratory from 0.77 to 1.2 THz and on a line-frequency analysis of these new data, along with previously published data, we build a line list for HCOOCH{sub 2}D that leads to its first detection in the Orion KL nebula. The observed lines, both in space and in the laboratory, involve the cis D-in-plane and trans D-out-of-plane conformations of HCOOCH{sub 2}D and the two tunneling states arising from the large-amplitude motion connecting the two trans configurations. The model used in the line position calculation accounts for both cis and trans conformations, as well as the large-amplitude motion.

  18. Converting LPG caverns to natural-gas storage permits fast response to market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crossley, N.G.

    1996-02-19

    Deregulation of Canada`s natural-gas industry in the late 1980s led to a very competitive North American natural-gas storage market. TransGas Ltd., Regina, Sask., began looking for method for developing cost-effective storage while at the same time responding to new market-development opportunities and incentives. Conversion of existing LPG-storage salt caverns to natural-gas storage is one method of providing new storage. To supply SaskEnergy Inc., the province`s local distribution company, and Saskatchewan customers, TransGas previously had developed solution-mined salt storage caverns from start to finish. Two Regina North case histories illustrate TransGas` experiences with conversion of LPG salt caverns to gas storage. This paper provides the testing procedures for the various caverns, cross-sectional diagrams of each cavern, and outlines for cavern conversion. It also lists storage capacities of these caverns.

  19. Adsorption and switching properties of a N-benzylideneaniline based molecular switch on a Au(111) surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ovari, Laszlo; Luo, Ying; Haag, Rainer; Leyssner, Felix; Tegeder, Petra; Wolf, Martin

    2010-07-28

    High resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy has been employed to analyze the adsorption geometry and the photoisomerization ability of the molecular switch carboxy-benzylideneaniline (CBA) adsorbed on Au(111). CBA on Au(111) adopts a planar (trans) configuration in the first monolayer (ML) as well as for higher coverages (up to 6 ML), in contrast to the strongly nonplanar geometry of the molecule in solution. Illumination with UV light of CBA in direct contact with the Au(111) surface ({<=}1 ML) caused no changes in the vibrational structure, whereas at higher coverages (>1 ML) pronounced modifications of vibrational features were observed, which we assign to a trans{yields}cis isomerization. Thermal activation induced the back reaction to trans-CBA. We propose that the photoisomerization is driven by a direct (intramolecular) electronic excitation of the adsorbed CBA molecules in the second ML (and above) analogous to CBA in the liquid phase.

  20. Line narrowing spectroscopic studies of DNA-carcinogen adducts and DNA-dye complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suh, Myungkoo

    1995-12-06

    Laser-induced fluorescence line narrowing and non-line narrowing spectroscopic methods were applied to conformational studies of stable DNA adducts of the 7{beta}, 8{alpha}-dihydoxy-9{alpha}, l0{alpha}-epoxy-7,8,9, 10-tetrahydrobenzo[{alpha}]pyrene (anti-BPDE). Stereochemically distinct (+)-trans-, ({minus})-trans-, (+)-cis- and ({minus})-cis adducts of anti-BPDE bound to exocyclic amino group of the central guanine in an 11-mer oligonucleotide, exist in a mixture of conformations in frozen aqueous buffer matrices. The (+)-trans adduct adopts primarily an external conformation with a smaller fraction ( {approximately} 25 %) exists in a partially base-stacked conformation. Both cis adducts were found to be intercalated with significant {pi}-{pi} stacking interactions between the pyrenyl residues and the bases. Conformations of the trans-adduct of (+)-anti -BPDE in 11-mer oligonucleotides were studied as a function of flanking bases. In single stranded form the adduct at G{sub 2} or G{sub 3} (5 ft-flanking, base guanine) adopts a conformation with strong, interaction with the bases. In contrast, the adduct with a 5ft-flanking, thymine exists in a primarily helixexternal conformation. Similar differences were observed in the double stranded oligonucleotides. The nature of the 3ft-flanking base has little influence on the conformational equilibrium of the (+)-trans-anti BPDE-dG adduct. The formation and repair of BPDE-N{sup 2}-dG in DNA isolated from the skin of mice treated topically with benzo[{alpha}]pyrene (BP) was studied. Low-temperature fluorescence spectroscopy of the intact DNA identified the major adduct as (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-N-dG, and the minor adduct fraction consisted mainly of (+)-cis-anti-BPDE-N{sup 2}-dG.

  1. EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S) Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 H.Q Energy Services (U.S) Inc EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S) Inc order authorizing H.Q Energy Services (U.S) Inc to export electric energy to Mexico. EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S) Inc (23.77 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-182 H.Q Energy Services (U.S) EA-216 TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc.: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 46 - March 9, 2016

  2. Approximate photochemical dynamics of azobenzene with reactive force fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Yan; Hartke, Bernd

    2013-12-14

    We have fitted reactive force fields of the ReaxFF type to the ground and first excited electronic states of azobenzene, using global parameter optimization by genetic algorithms. Upon coupling with a simple energy-gap transition probability model, this setup allows for completely force-field-based simulations of photochemical cis?trans- and trans?cis-isomerizations of azobenzene, with qualitatively acceptable quantum yields. This paves the way towards large-scale dynamics simulations of molecular machines, including bond breaking and formation (via the reactive force field) as well as photochemical engines (presented in this work)

  3. O:ELECTRICEA-216.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. Order No. EA-216 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On June 23, 1999, TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S.) Inc. (TEMUS) applied to the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) for authorization to transmit electric energy to Canada as a power marketer. TEMUS is a Delaware

  4. Nitroxylcob(III)Alamin: Synthesis And X-Ray Structural Characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hannibal, L.; Smith, C.A.; Jacobsen, D.W.; Brasch, N.E.

    2009-06-01

    The long-elusive crystal structure of nitrosylcobalamin (NOCbl) reveals that the Co-N-O angle is 117.4-121.4{sup o}; hence, NOCbl is best described as nitroxylcob(III)alamin in the solid state (see picture: Co purple, N blue, O red, P orange, C gray, H white). The length of the Co-N bond trans to the NO ligand is typical of those seen when strong {beta}-axial ligands are positioned trans to the 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole group.

  5. DE-FC26-05NT42665 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Gas Hydrate Instability in the Southeastern Bering Sea DE-FC26-05NT42665 Project Goal The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that gas hydrate dissociation in marine sediments was associated with and may actually have driven millennial scale climate change during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 and during other time periods in the late Quaternary. An investigation of the nature of deposition and alteration of the methane hydrate in cores from the Umnak Plateau in the southeastern

  6. Production and properties of Si-SiO2-In Sb structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Padalko, A.G.; Kotov, B.A.; Lazarev, V.B.; Sukharev, V.I.; Volkov, V.V.

    1985-10-01

    When MIS structures are formed by pyrolysis of silane with subsequent thermal oxidation of the film of polycrystalline silicon on sapphire and with oriented crystallization of thin layers of an indium antimonide melt on the produced structures, the highly doped silicon-silicon dioxide-InSb has a concentration of majority charge carriers of (2-5) . 10/sup 15/ cm/sup -9/ with a density of surface states of (2-8) . 10/sup 11/ ev/sup -1/ . cm/sup -2/.

  7. LOCKHEED MARTIN Contract No. DE-ACO3-91 SF18852

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LOCKHEED MARTIN Contract No. DE-ACO3-91 SF18852 DoV5 88 5a--T9 7 RECEIVED DEC 29 1998 OSTI LOCKHEED MARTIN ASTRONAUTICS GPHS - RTGs In Support of the Cassini RTG Program DISTRIBUTION Of MIS DOCUMENT IS uNumrrEo gk .\ Final Technical Report Document No. RR18 11 January 1991 through 30 April 1998 August 1998 MASTER Space Power Programs DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any

  8. MiniBooNE Steve Brice Fermilab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    17 May 2006 1 MiniBooNE Steve Brice Fermilab * Oscillation Analysis * Issues of the Past Year - Normalization - Optical Model -  0 MisIDs * Summary * Future DOE Review 17 May 2006 2 MiniBooNE Goal * Search for  e appearance in a   beam at the ~0.3% level - L=540 m ~10x LSND - E~500 MeV ~10x LSND DOE Review 17 May 2006 3 Particle ID * Identify electrons (and thus candidate  e events) from characteristic hit topology * Non-neutrino background easily removed     n p W

  9. 1. CNTRAT IDCODE PAGE OF PGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CNTRAT IDCODE PAGE OF PGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT 1 OTATI OEPG FIP 5S 2, AMENDMENT/MODIFICATION NO. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE (M/IJ/Y) 4. REQUISITION/PURCHASE REQ. NO. 5. PROJECT NO. (If applicable) 313 See Block 16C1 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Office of River Protection P. 0. Box 450, MIS H6-60 Richland, WA 99352 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No., stree, county, Slate and ZIP code) 9A. AMENDMENT OF

  10. 1. CONTRACT ID CODE PAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATIONIMODIFICATION OF CONTRACT I11 5

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SOLICITATIONIMODIFICATION OF CONTRACT I11 5 2 AMENDMENT/MODIFICATION NO 3. EFFECTIVE DATE (MD Y) 4. REQUISITION/PURCHASE REQ. NO SPROJECT NO. (If applicable) 273 See Block 16C 6 ISSUED BY CODE 7 ADMINISTERED BY (If olher than Item 6,, CODE U.S. Department of Energy Office of River Protection P. 0. Box 450, MIS 116-60 Richland, WA 99352 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No., street, county, Stale and ZIP code) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. ED Bechtel National, Inc. 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM I])

  11. 1. CONTRACT ID CODE PAGE of: PAGES AMENDM ENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT I -1 5

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of: PAGES AMENDM ENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT I -1 5 2. AMENDMENT/MODIFICATION NO. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE (0/1T 4. REQUISITION/PURCHASE REQ. NO. 5. PROJECT NO. (If applicable) 286 See Block 16C 12EM0014771 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. AD)MINISTERED BY (If otherrtianItm 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Office of River Protection P. 0. Box 450, MIS 116-60 Richland, WA 99352 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No., street. county.. State and ZIP code) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. Bechtel

  12. kendall_aps06.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    kaon decay in MiniBooNE Kendall Mahn Columbia University * MiniBooNE beamline overview * Kaon flux predictions * Kaon measurements in MiniBooNE - high energy events * Summary MiniBooNE beamline * MiniBooNE is searching for ν µ to ν e oscillations - Produce a beam of ν µ , look for ν e * 8 GeV protons hit Be target, producing: - π+ (primary source of ν µ ) - K+/- (decay to ν µ , ν e ) - K 0 (decay to ν e ) Oscillation search backgrounds * Three major backgrounds: - misID'd π 0 s *

  13. Radiolysis of Salts and Long-Term Storage Issues for Both Pure and Impure PuO{sub 2} Materials in Plutonium Storage Containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lav Tandon

    2000-05-01

    The Material Identification and Surveillance (MIS) project sponsored a literature search on the effects of radiation on salts, with focus on alkali chlorides. The goal of the survey was to provide a basis for estimating the magnitude of {alpha} radiation effects on alkali chlorides that can accompany plutonium oxide (PuO{sub 2}) into storage. Chloride radiolysis can yield potentially corrosive gases in plutonium storage containers that can adversely affect long-term stability. This literature search was primarily done to provide a tutorial on this topic, especially for personnel with nonradiation chemistry backgrounds.

  14. Carbon monoxide sensor and method of use thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McDaniel; Anthony H. , Medlin; J. Will , Bastasz; Robert J.

    2007-09-04

    Carbon monoxide sensors suitable for use in hydrogen feed streams and methods of use thereof are disclosed. The sensors are palladium metal/insulator/semiconductor (Pd-MIS) sensors which may possess a gate metal layer having uniform, Type 1, or non-uniform, Type 2, film morphology. Type 1 sensors display an increased sensor response in the presence of carbon monoxide while Type 2 sensors display a decreased response to carbon monoxide. The methods and sensors disclosed herein are particularly suitable for use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs).

  15. The Historically Black Colleges and Universities/Minority Institutions Environmental Technology Consortium annual report, 1992--1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-12-31

    The HBCU/MI Consortium was formed (1) to respond to national R and D, policy formulation and minority manpower needs in environmental technology, hazardous, solid and mixed waste materials management, environmental restoration, and environmental health; and (2) to address limited minority participation in the public, private and non-profit environmental industries; limited environmental awareness among minorities; minimal interaction between HBCUs/MIs and majority universities, industry and interest groups; limited institutional development in environmental education and research; and lack of minority technical businesses in the environmental industry. This report gives progress made for the 92--93 period.

  16. Mohegan Indian Tribe- 1995 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Located in Uncasville, Connecticut, the Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut is in an area classified by EPA as ozone non-attainment. The air shed of the reservation receives trans-boundary ozone and its precursors from upwind non-Native American sources. Therefore, conservation, prevention, and mitigation of air pollution are important. Use of sustainable energy is preferred.

  17. DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop: Final Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    T Th hu ur rs sd da ay y ( (R Ro oo om m G GH H- -0 01 19 ... am HyTrans Model - David Greene, ORNL 10:10 am Market ... Marianne Mintz (ANL), and Mark Ruth (NREL) 12:00 pm Lunch ...

  18. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy GSA 1 HHS 2 Interior Justice NASA 3 Postal Service Trans- portation Veterans Affairs Other 4 Total 1975 9.5 1,360.2 50.4 22.3 6.5 9.4 5.9 13.4 30.5 19.3 27.1 10.5...

  19. Hybrid metal organic scintillator materials system and particle detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bauer, Christina A.; Allendorf, Mark D.; Doty, F. Patrick; Simmons, Blake A.

    2011-07-26

    We describe the preparation and characterization of two zinc hybrid luminescent structures based on the flexible and emissive linker molecule, trans-(4-R,4'-R') stilbene, where R and R' are mono- or poly-coordinating groups, which retain their luminescence within these solid materials. For example, reaction of trans-4,4'-stilbenedicarboxylic acid and zinc nitrate in the solvent dimethylformamide (DMF) yielded a dense 2-D network featuring zinc in both octahedral and tetrahedral coordination environments connected by trans-stilbene links. Similar reaction in diethylformamide (DEF) at higher temperatures resulted in a porous, 3-D framework structure consisting of two interpenetrating cubic lattices, each featuring basic to zinc carboxylate vertices joined by trans-stilbene, analogous to the isoreticular MOF (IRMOF) series. We demonstrate that the optical properties of both embodiments correlate directly with the local ligand environments observed in the crystal structures. We further demonstrate that these materials produce high luminescent response to proton radiation and high radiation tolerance relative to prior scintillators. These features can be used to create sophisticated scintillating detection sensors.

  20. Hydrogen Policy and Analyzing the Transition | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Policy and Analyzing the Transition Hydrogen Policy and Analyzing the Transition Presentation at the Renewable Hydrogen Workshop held Nov 16, 2009, in Palm Springs, CA renewable_hydrogen_workshop_nov16_leiby.pdf (697.09 KB) More Documents & Publications Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Hydrogen Transition Study Cost and Impacts of Policies

  1. CX-003020: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Energy Rebate Program - GenTran Solar ProjectCX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1Date: 07/14/2010Location(s): Alpharetta, GeorgiaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  2. CX-006819: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Replace Aging Wood Poles on Trans Alta?s Centralia Tap to Chehalis-Covington No. 1 230-Kilovolt Transmission LineCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 09/16/2011Location(s): Lewis County, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  3. Stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, R.C.; Srivastava, S.C.; Gestin, J.F.

    1994-08-02

    The present invention relates to new rigid chelating structures, to methods for preparing these materials, and to their use in preparing radiometal labeled immunoconjugates. These new chelates include cyclohexyl EDTA monohydride, the trans forms of cyclohexyl DTPA and TTHA, and derivatives of these cyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate materials. No Drawings

  4. Stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, Ronnie C.; Srivastava, Suresh C.; Gestin, Jean-Francois

    1994-01-01

    The present invention relates to new rigid chelating structures, to methods for preparing these materials, and to their use in preparing radiometal labeled immunoconjugates. These new chelates include cyclohexyl EDTA monohydride, the trans forms of cyclohexyl DTPA and TTHA, and derivatives of these cyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate materials.

  5. Cyclohexyl-triethylenetetraamine hexacetic acid

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mease, Ronnie C.; Srivastava, Suresh C.; Gestin, Jean-Francois

    1992-01-01

    The present invention relates to new rigid chelating structures, to methods for preparing these materials, and to their use in preparing radiometal labeled immunoconjugates. These new chelates include cyclohexyl EDTA monohydride, the trans forms of cyclohexyl DTPA and TTHA, and derivatives of these cyclohexyl polyaminocarboxylate materials.

  6. natgas.pdf

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... C 2 H 6 in year t was formulated as: 100 101 Eq. 1, Eq. 2, 102 where z CH4,t and z ... Trans. R. Soc. - Ser. A 595 Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 369, 2058-2072 (2011). 596 64. ...

  7. Specification for procurement and fabrication of TRUPACT-I auxiliary equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, R.J.

    1985-09-01

    Operation of the TRansUranic PACkage Transporter (TRUPAC) requires the use of specific auxiliary equipment for loading, unloading, handling, packing, and leak testing. Descriptions and specifications are presented for the following equipment: loading platforms, leak testing equipment, protective covers for door seals, dunnage, and general handling devices. Quality Assurance requirements for equipment procurement are identified.

  8. Protonation Studies of a Tungsten Dinitrogen Complex Supported by a Diphosphine Ligand Containing a Pendant Amine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Charles J.; Egbert, Jonathan D.; Chen, Shentan; Helm, Monte L.; Bullock, R. Morris; Mock, Michael T.

    2014-04-28

    Treatment of trans-[W(N2)2(dppe)(PEtNMePEt)] (dppe = Ph2PCH2CH2PPh2; PEtNMePEt = Et2PCH2N(Me)CH2PEt2) with three equivalents of tetrafluoroboric acid (HBF4∙Et2O) at -78 °C generated the seven-coordinate tungsten hydride trans-[W(N2)2(H)(dppe)(PEtNMePEt)][BF4]. Depending on the temperature of the reaction, protonation of a pendant amine is also observed, affording trans-[W(N2)2(H)(dppe)(PEtNMe(H)PEt)][BF4]2, with formation of the hydrazido complex, [W(NNH2)(dppe)(PEtNMe(H)PEt)][BF4]2, as a minor product. Similar product mixtures were obtained using triflic acid (HOTf). Upon acid addition to the carbonyl analogue, cis-[W(CO)2(dppe)(PEtNMePEt)], the seven-coordinate carbonyl-hydride complex, trans-[W(CO)2(H)(dppe)(PEtN(H)MePEt)][OTf]2 was generated. The mixed diphosphine complex without the pendant amine in the ligand backbone, trans-[W(N2)2(dppe)(depp)] (depp = Et2P(CH2)3PEt2), was synthesized and treated with HBF4∙Et2O, selectively generating a hydrazido complex, [W(NNH2)(F)(dppe)(depp)][BF4]. Computational analysis was used to probe proton affinity of three sites of protonation, the metal, pendant amine, and N2 ligand in these complexes. Room temperature reactions with 100 equivalents of HOTf produced NH4+ from reduction of the N2 ligand (electrons come from W). The addition of 100 equivalents HOTf to trans-[W(N2)2(dppe)(PEtNMePEt)] afforded 0.88 ± 0.02 equivalents NH4+, while 0.36 ± 0.02 equivalents of NH4+was formed upon treatment of trans-[W(N2)2(dppe)(depp)], the complex without the pendant amine. This work was supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Computational resources were provided by the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for DOE.

  9. Tritium and neutron measurements of a solid state cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claytor, T.N.; Seeger, P.A.; Rohwer, R.K.; Tuggle, D.G.; Doty, W.R.

    1989-01-01

    A solid state cold fusion'' cell was constructed to test for non-equilibrium fusion in a solid. The stimulus for the design was the hypothesis that the electrochemical surface layer in the Pons- Fleischmann cell could be replaced with a metal-insulator- semiconductor (MIS) barrier. Cells were constructed of alternating layers of palladium and silicon powders pressed into a ceramic form and exposed to deuterium gas at 110 psia resulting in a D/Pd ratio of 0.7. Pulses of current were passed through the cells to populate non-equilibrium states at the MIS barriers. One cell showed neutron activity and was found to have a large amount of tritium, other cells have produced tritium at a low rate consistent with neutron emission below the threshold of observability. The branching ratio for n/p has been about 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}9} in all the experiments where a substantial amount of tritium has been found. 11 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Proof-of-Concept Oil Shale Facility Environmental Analysis Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-01

    The objectives of the Project are to demonstrate: (1) the Modified In- Situ (MIS) shale oil extraction process and (2) the application of CFBC technology using oil shale, coal and waste gas streams as fuels. The project will focus on evaluating and improving the efficiency and environmental performance of these technologies. The project will be modest by commercial standards. A 17-retort MIS system is planned in which two retorts will be processed simultaneously. Production of 1206-barrels per calendar day of raw shale oil and 46-megawatts of electricity is anticipated. West Virginia University coordinated an Environmental Analysis Program for the Project. Experts from around the country were retained by WVU to prepare individual sections of the report. These experts were exposed to all of OOSI`s archives and toured Tract C-b and Logan Wash. Their findings were incorporated into this report. In summary, no environmental obstacles were revealed that would preclude proceeding with the Project. One of the most important objectives of the Project was to verify the environmental acceptability of the technologies being employed. Consequently, special attention will be given to monitoring environmental factors and providing state of the art mitigation measures. Extensive environmental and socioeconomic background information has been compiled for the Tract over the last 15 years and permits were obtained for the large scale operations contemplated in the late 1970`s and early 1980`s. Those permits have been reviewed and are being modified so that all required permits can be obtained in a timely manner.

  11. Proof-of-Concept Oil Shale Facility Environmental Analysis Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-01

    The objectives of the Project are to demonstrate: (1) the Modified In- Situ (MIS) shale oil extraction process and (2) the application of CFBC technology using oil shale, coal and waste gas streams as fuels. The project will focus on evaluating and improving the efficiency and environmental performance of these technologies. The project will be modest by commercial standards. A 17-retort MIS system is planned in which two retorts will be processed simultaneously. Production of 1206-barrels per calendar day of raw shale oil and 46-megawatts of electricity is anticipated. West Virginia University coordinated an Environmental Analysis Program for the Project. Experts from around the country were retained by WVU to prepare individual sections of the report. These experts were exposed to all of OOSI's archives and toured Tract C-b and Logan Wash. Their findings were incorporated into this report. In summary, no environmental obstacles were revealed that would preclude proceeding with the Project. One of the most important objectives of the Project was to verify the environmental acceptability of the technologies being employed. Consequently, special attention will be given to monitoring environmental factors and providing state of the art mitigation measures. Extensive environmental and socioeconomic background information has been compiled for the Tract over the last 15 years and permits were obtained for the large scale operations contemplated in the late 1970's and early 1980's. Those permits have been reviewed and are being modified so that all required permits can be obtained in a timely manner.

  12. Microtomography and pore-scale modeling of two-phase Fluid Distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silin, D.; Tomutsa, L.; Benson, S.; Patzek, T.

    2010-10-19

    Synchrotron-based X-ray microtomography (micro CT) at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) line 8.3.2 at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory produces three-dimensional micron-scale-resolution digital images of the pore space of the reservoir rock along with the spacial distribution of the fluids. Pore-scale visualization of carbon dioxide flooding experiments performed at a reservoir pressure demonstrates that the injected gas fills some pores and pore clusters, and entirely bypasses the others. Using 3D digital images of the pore space as input data, the method of maximal inscribed spheres (MIS) predicts two-phase fluid distribution in capillary equilibrium. Verification against the tomography images shows a good agreement between the computed fluid distribution in the pores and the experimental data. The model-predicted capillary pressure curves and tomography-based porosimetry distributions compared favorably with the mercury injection data. Thus, micro CT in combination with modeling based on the MIS is a viable approach to study the pore-scale mechanisms of CO{sub 2} injection into an aquifer, as well as more general multi-phase flows.

  13. Explosive engineering problems from fragmentation tests in oil shale at the Anvil Points Mine, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dick, R.D.; Fourney, W.L.; Young, C.

    1985-01-01

    During 1981 and 1982, an extensive oil shale fragmentation research program was conducted at the Anvil Points Mine near Rifle, Colorado. The primary goals were to investigate factors involved for adequate fragmentation of oil shale and to evaluate the feasibility of using the modified in situ retort (MIS) method for recovery of oil from oil shale. The field test program included single-deck, single-borehole experiments to obtain basic fragmentation data; multiple-deck, multiple-borehole experiments to evaluate some practical aspects for developing an in situ retort; and the development of a variety of instrumentation technique to diagnose the blast event. This paper discusses some explosive engineering problems encountered, such as electric cap performance in complex blasting patterns, explosive and stem performance in a variety of configurations from the simple to the complex, and the difficulties experienced when reversing the direction of throw of the oil shale in a subscale retort configuration. These problems need solutions before an adequate MIS retort can be created in a single-blast event and even before an experimental mini-retort can be formed. 6 references, 7 figures, 3 tables.

  14. Current transport mechanisms in plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposited AlN thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altuntas, Halit E-mail: biyikli@unam.bilkent.edu.tr; Ozgit-Akgun, Cagla; Donmez, Inci; Biyikli, Necmi E-mail: biyikli@unam.bilkent.edu.tr

    2015-04-21

    Here, we report on the current transport mechanisms in AlN thin films deposited at a low temperature (i.e., 200?C) on p-type Si substrates by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition. Structural characterization of the deposited AlN was carried out using grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction, revealing polycrystalline films with a wurtzite (hexagonal) structure. Al/AlN/ p-Si metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) capacitor structures were fabricated and investigated under negative bias by performing current-voltage measurements. As a function of the applied electric field, different types of current transport mechanisms were observed; i.e., ohmic conduction (15.221.5 MV/m), Schottky emission (23.639.5 MV/m), Frenkel-Poole emission (63.8211.8 MV/m), trap-assisted tunneling (226280 MV/m), and Fowler-Nordheim tunneling (290447 MV/m). Electrical properties of the insulating AlN layer and the fabricated Al/AlN/p-Si MIS capacitor structure such as dielectric constant, flat-band voltage, effective charge density, and threshold voltage were also determined from the capacitance-voltage measurements.

  15. Gate-control efficiency and interface state density evaluated from capacitance-frequency-temperature mapping for GaN-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shih, Hong-An; Kudo, Masahiro; Suzuki, Toshi-kazu

    2014-11-14

    We present an analysis method for GaN-based metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) devices by using capacitance-frequency-temperature (C-f-T) mapping to evaluate the gate-control efficiency and the interface state density, both exhibiting correlations with the linear-region intrinsic transconductance. The effectiveness of the method was exemplified by application to AlN/AlGaN/GaN MIS devices to elucidate the properties of AlN-AlGaN interfaces depending on their formation processes. Using the C-f-T mapping, we extract the gate-bias-dependent activation energy with its derivative giving the gate-control efficiency, from which we evaluate the AlN-AlGaN interface state density through the Lehovec equivalent circuit in the DC limit. It is shown that the gate-control efficiency and the interface state density have correlations with the linear-region intrinsic transconductance, all depending on the interface formation processes. In addition, we give characterization of the AlN-AlGaN interfaces by using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, in relation with the results of the analysis.

  16. Elimination of GeO(2) And Ge(3)N(4) Interfacial Transition Regions And Defects at N-Type Ge Interfaces: a Pathway for Formation of N-MOS Devices on Ge Substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucovsky, G.; Lee, S.; Long, J.P.; Seo, H.; Luning, J.

    2009-05-19

    The contribution from relatively low-K SiON interfacial transition regions (ITRs) between Si and transition metal (TM) gate dielectrics places a significant limitation on equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) scaling for Si complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices. This limitation is equally significant and limiting for Ge CMOS devices. Low-K Ge-based ITRs in Ge devices have also been shown to limit performance and reliability, particular for n-MOS field effect transistors. This article identifies the source of significant electron trapping at interfaces between n-Ge or inverted p-Ge, and Ge oxide, nitride and oxynitride ITRs. This is shown to be an interfacial band alignment issue in which native Ge ITRs have conduction band offset energies smaller than those of TM dielectrics, and trap electrons for negative Ge substrate bias. This article also describes a novel remote plasma processing approach for effectively eliminating any significant native Ge ITRs and using a plasma-processing/annealing process sequence for bonding TM gate dielectrics directly to the Ge substrate surface.

  17. The crystal and molecular structure of bis[1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane] dichlororuthenium(II)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fontes, M.R.M.; Oliva, G.; Cordeiro, L.A.C.; Batista, A.A.

    1993-12-31

    The title compound, trans-[Ru(dpp){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}], crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1, with a = 9.529(1), b = 11.071(1), c = 11.936(1) {angstrom}, {alpha} = 71.967(9), {beta} = 72.879(6), {gamma} = 88.703(9){degrees}, V = 1141.1(2) {angstrom}{sup 3} and Z = 1. The structure was solved and refined to a final R = 0.039, for 3126 independently observed reflections with I > 3{sigma} (I). The ruthenium(II) ion is located on a crystallographic centre of symmetry and shows a distorted octahedral coordination with the chloride atoms in an exactly trans configuration. 19 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  18. Analytic calculations of hyper-Raman spectra from density functional theory hyperpolarizability gradients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringholm, Magnus; Ruud, Kenneth; Bast, Radovan; Oggioni, Luca; Ekström, Ulf

    2014-10-07

    We present the first analytic calculations of the geometrical gradients of the first hyperpolarizability tensors at the density-functional theory (DFT) level. We use the analytically calculated hyperpolarizability gradients to explore the importance of electron correlation effects, as described by DFT, on hyper-Raman spectra. In particular, we calculate the hyper-Raman spectra of the all-trans and 11-cis isomers of retinal at the Hartree-Fock (HF) and density-functional levels of theory, also allowing us to explore the sensitivity of the hyper-Raman spectra on the geometrical characteristics of these structurally related molecules. We show that the HF results, using B3LYP-calculated vibrational frequencies and force fields, reproduce the experimental data for all-trans-retinal well, and that electron correlation effects are of minor importance for the hyper-Raman intensities.

  19. Development of a Chemoenzymatic-like and Photoswitchable Method for the High-Throughput creation of Protein Microarrays. Application to the Analysis of the Protein/Protein Interactions Involved in the YOP Virulon from Yersinia pestis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camarero, J A

    2006-12-07

    Protein arrays are ideal tools for the rapid analysis of whole proteomes as well as for the development of reliable and cheap biosensors. The objective of this proposal is to develop a new ligand assisted ligation method based in the naturally occurring protein trans-splicing process. This method has been used for the generation of spatially addressable arrays of multiple protein components by standard micro-lithographic techniques. Key to our approach is the use of the protein trans-splicing process. This naturally occurring process allows the development of a truly generic and highly efficient method for the covalent attachment of proteins through its C-terminus to any solid support. This technology has been used for the creation of protein chips containing several virulence factors from the human pathogen Y. pestis.

  20. Development of a Chemoenzymatic-like and Photoswitchable Method for the Ordered Attachment of Proteins to Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camarero, J A; Kwon, Y; Coleman, M

    2005-02-11

    Protein arrays are the best tool for the rapid analysis of a whole proteome thus helping to identify all the protein/protein interactions in a living cell and they can also be used as powerful biosensors. The objective of this proposal is to develop a new entropically activated ligation method based in the naturally occurring protein trans-splicing process. This method will be used for the generation of spatially addressable arrays of multiple protein components by standard photolithographic techniques. Key to our approach is the use of the protein trans-splicing process. This naturally occurring process will allow us to create a truly generic and highly efficient method for the covalent attachment of proteins through its C-terminus to any solid support.

  1. World pipeline construction plans show increase into next century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koen, A.D.; True, W.R.

    1995-02-06

    Plans for worldwide pipeline construction into the next century increased in the past year, especially for developing regions of Latin America and Asia-Pacific. Many of the projects involve large capacity, international gas pipeline systems. By contrast, pipeline construction in Canada, The US, and Europe will decline. Those trends and others are revealed in the latest Oil and Gas Journal pipeline construction data, derived from a survey of world pipeline operators, industry sources, and published information. More than 61,000 miles of crude oil, product, and natural gas pipeline are to be built in 1995 and beyond. The paper discusses Europe's markets, North Sea pipelines, expansion of German pipeline, pipelines in the UK, European and African gas, the trans-Mediterranean gas pipeline, Caspian Sea pipeline, Middle East pipelines, Asia-Pacific activity, South American gas lines, pipelines in Colombia, TransCanada line, Gulf of Mexico pipelines, other Gulf activities, and other US activity.

  2. Future directions for arms control and nonproliferation. Conference summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-06

    This report provides a summary of the presentations and discussions at the Spring 1994 CNSN-Wilton Park Conference. The Conference was one of a series on US-European security cooperation organized by The Center for National Security Negotiations (CNSN) of Science Applications International Corporation. These conferences bring together government and non-government experts, primarily from the United States and Europe, to discuss a range of regional and global security issues. The conferences provide an opportunity to explore, in a frank and off-the-record environment, common interests and concerns, as well as differences in approach that affect trans-Atlantic cooperation. This report is divided into the following three areas: (1) implementation of existing and pending agreements; (2) non-proliferation: prospects for trans-Atlantic cooperation; and (3) future directions in arms control.

  3. Model documentation report: Transportation sector model of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of TRAN for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, 57(b)(1)). Third, it permits continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

  4. Photo-induced refractive index and topographical surface gratings in functionalized nanocarbon solid film

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGee, David J.; Ferrie, John; Plachy, Aljoscha; Joo, Yongho; Choi, Jonathan; Kanimozhi, Catherine; Gopalan, Padma

    2015-11-02

    We demonstrate that a single-walled carbon nanotube network noncovalently coupled with a pyrene-modified azo-benzene chromophore functions as a host matrix for a broad range of photo-orientation and photomechanical effects. The chromophore could be efficiently reoriented through repeated trans-cis-trans isomerization under linearly polarized 480 nm light, with Δn of 0.012 at 650 nm and fast characteristic rise-times of 0.12 s. Erasable phase diffraction gratings could also be written, with permanent surface relief gratings forming at sufficiently long irradiation times. In addition to demonstrating a mechanism for photo-manipulation of single-walled carbon nanotubes, these results show photo-orientation of chromophores in azo-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube networks as a path towards the photosensitive tuning of the electrostatic environment of the nanotube.

  5. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 By Energy Source By North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 6 46 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases. 2 Natural gas liquids. 3 See "Breeze" in Glossary. 4 Includes all other types of energy that respondents indicated were consumed or allocated. 5 Energy sources produced onsite from the use of other energy sources but sold or trans- ferred to another

  6. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Natural Gas Production Gross Withdrawals and Dry Gas Production, 1949-2011 Production Flow, 2011 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals by Well Type, 2011 180 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Dry Gas Production 1 Volume reduction resulting from the removal of natural gas plant liquids, which are trans- ferred to petroleum supply. 2 Includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells. Source: Table 6.2. Gross Withdrawals 1950 1960

  7. NREL Simulations Provide New Insight on Polymer-Based Energy Storage Materials (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights in Science, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atomistic simulations correlate molecular packing and electron transport in polymer-based energy storage materials. In recent years, stable organic radical functional groups have been incorporated into a variety of polymeric materials for use within energy storage devices, for example, batteries and capacitors. With the complex nature of the charge-trans- fer processes in a polymer matrix, the morphologies of the polymer films can have a significant impact on the physiochemical properties of the

  8. Noninvasive Monitoring of Microvascular Changes With Partial Irradiation Using Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced and Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Yu-Chun; Department of Electrical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taiwan; Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taiwan ; Wang, Jiun-Jie; Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taiwan ; Hong, Ji-Hong; Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan ; Lin, Yi-Ping; Lee, Chung-Chi; Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan ; Wai, Yau-Yau; Ng, Shu-Hang; Wu, Yi-Ming; Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taiwan ; Wang, Chun-Chieh; Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: The microvasculature of a tumor plays an important role in its response to radiation therapy. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) and blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI are both sensitive to vascular characteristics. The present study proposed a partial irradiation approach to a xenograft tumor to investigate the intratumoral response to radiation therapy using DCE and BOLD MRI. Methods and Materials: TRAMP-C1 tumors were grown in C57BL/6J mice. Partial irradiation was performed on the distal half of the tumor with a single dose of 15 Gy. DCE MRI was performed to derive the endothelium transfer constant, K{sup trans}, using pharmacokinetic analysis. BOLD MRI was performed using quantitative R2* measurements with carbogen breathing. The histology of the tumor was analyzed using hematoxylin and eosin staining and CD31 staining to detect endothelial cells. The differences between the irradiated and nonirradiated regions of the tumor were assessed using K{sup trans} values, ?R2* values in response to carbogen and microvascular density (MVD) measurements. Results: A significantly increased K{sup trans} and reduced BOLD response to carbogen were found in the irradiated region of the tumor compared with the nonirradiated region (P<.05). Histologic analysis showed a significant aggregation of giant cells and a reduced MVD in the irradiated region of the tumor. The radiation-induced difference in the BOLD response was associated with differences in MVD and K{sup trans}. Conclusions: We demonstrated that DCE MRI and carbogen-challenge BOLD MRI can detect differential responses within a tumor that may potentially serve as noninvasive imaging biomarkers to detect microvascular changes in response to radiation therapy.

  9. Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy sponsored a Light Duty Vehicle Workshop in Washington, D.C. on July 26, 2010. liquid_trans_tech.pdf (584.34 KB) More Documents & Publications February GBTL Webinar GBTL Workshop GHG Emissions HEFA and Fischer-Tropsch Jet Fuel Cost Analyses

  10. Microcrystallization techniques for serial femtosecond crystallography

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using Photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus elongatus as a model system Microcrystallization techniques for serial femtosecond crystallography using Photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus elongatus as a model system Authors: Kupitz, C., Grotjohann, I., Conrad, C.E., Roy-Chowdhury, S., Fromme, R., and Fromme, P. Title: Microcrystallization techniques for serial femtosecond crystallography using Photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus elongatus as a model system Source: Phil. Trans. R. Soc.

  11. Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels, Advanced

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Department of Energy Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels, Advanced Efficiency, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels, Advanced Efficiency, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy Light Duty Vehicle Workshop in Washington, D.C. on July 26, 2010. alt_trans_study.pdf (122.75 KB) More Documents & Publications An Energy

  12. Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Communications Approach Tools and Techniques

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Processing Waste Processing Workers process and repackage waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center’s Cask Processing Enclosure. Workers process and repackage waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center's Cask Processing Enclosure. Transuranic waste, or TRU, is one of several types of waste handled by Oak Ridge's EM program. This waste contains manmade elements heavier than uranium, hence the name "trans" or "beyond" uranium. Transuranic waste material

  13. abstract-hope2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    visualizations - TransVis capabilities and usage Michael Hope Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Argonne National Laboratory List of Authors ================ Michael Hope Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Argonne National Laboratory 277 International Drive West Chicago, IL 60185 Abstract ========= TRANSIMS is an extremely powerful software package in terms of both the breadth and depth of its analysis. However, there has been relatively little development

  14. Direct synthesis of sp-bonded carbon chains on graphite surface by femtosecond laser irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, A.; Rybachuk, M.; Lu, Q.-B.; Duley, W. W.

    2007-09-24

    Microscopic phase transformation from graphite to sp-bonded carbon chains (carbyne) and nanodiamond has been induced by femtosecond laser pulses on graphite surface. UV/surface enhanced Raman scattering spectra and x-ray photoelectron spectra displayed the local synthesis of carbyne in the melt zone while nanocrystalline diamond and trans-polyacetylene chains form in the edge area of gentle ablation. These results evidence possible direct 'writing' of variable chemical bonded carbons by femtosecond laser pulses for carbon-based applications.

  15. Structural and Mechanistic Analysis through Electronic Spectra: Aqueous Hyponitrite Radical (N2O2-) and Nitrosyl Hyponitrite Anion (N3O3-)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valiev, Marat; Lymar, Sergei V.

    2011-11-03

    Aqueous hyponitrite radical (N{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup -}) and nitrosyl hyponitrite anion (N{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}) species are important intermediates in the reductive chemistry of NO. The structures and absorption spectra of various hydrated isomers of these compounds were investigated in this work using high-level quantum mechanical calculations combined with the explicit classical description of the aqueous environment. For N{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup -}, comparison of the calculated spectra and energetics with the experimental data reveals that: (1) upon the one-electron oxidation of trans-hyponitrite (ON=NO{sub 2}{sup -}), the trans configuration of the resulting ON=NO{sup -} radical is preserved; (2) although cis- and trans-ON=NO{sup -} are energetically nearly equivalent, the barrier for the trans-cis isomerization is prohibitively high due to the partial double character of the NN bond; (3) the UV spectrum of ON=NO{sup -} was misinterpreted in the earlier pulse radiolysis work and its more recent revision has been justified. For the N{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} ion, the symmetric isomer is the dominant observable species, and the asymmetric isomer contributes little to the experimental spectrum. Coherent analysis of the calculated and experimental data suggests a re-interpretation of the N{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup -} + NO reaction mechanism, according to which the reaction evenly bifurcates to yield both the symmetric and asymmetric isomers of N{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}. While the latter isomer rapidly decomposes to the final NO{sub 2}{sup -} + N{sub 2}O products, the former isomer is stable toward this decomposition but its formation is reversible with the homolysis equilibrium constant Khom = 2.2 - 10{sup -7} M. Collectively, these results demonstrate that advanced theoretical modeling can be of significant benefit in structural and mechanistic analysis of UV spectra.

  16. TAPS design concepts: environmental concerns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, M.J.

    1981-05-01

    The engineering concepts used in the design, construction, and operation of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) were often new and in many cases in the state of the art. To accommodate environmental concerns for operating a hot oil pipeline in permafrost soil, unique features were incorporated into TAPS. Design concepts include a sophisticated leak detection and internal pipeline monitoring system. Additional features for accommodating thaw-unstable soils, earthquakes, and river systems are described. (23 references)

  17. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    District | Department of Energy Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit District Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit District Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results vta_prelim_eval_results.pdf (1.04 MB) More Documents & Publications Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit District -- Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Evaluation Results VTA, SamTrans Look into Future with Bus

  18. Polyestercarbonates which exhibit improved processibility

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krabbenhoft, Herman Otto (Scotia, NY)

    1999-01-01

    The invention relates to a polyestercarbonate polymer which comprises repeating units of a mono-unsaturated aliphatic dicarboxylic acid having about 12 to about 20 carbon atoms. Preferred dicarboxylic acids for incorporation into the polymer are cis-octadec-9-enedioic acid or trans-octadec-9-enedioic acid. The use of these mono-unsaturated acids results in polymers with lower glass transition temperatures, and enhances processibility.

  19. User Data Forum and HPCOR Logistics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Logistics User Data Forum and HPCOR Logistics Joint Facilities User Forum on Data Intensive Computing June 16-18, 2014 Oakland City Center Conference Center 500 12th Street, Suite 105 Oakland, CA DOE HPC Operations Review (HPCOR) June 17, 2014 (Joint with Joint Facilities User Forum on Data Intensive Computing) Oakland City Center Conference Center 500 12th Street, Suite 105 Oakland, CA June 18-19, 2014 California State University, East Bay Trans Bay Center 1000 Broadway, Suite 109 Oakland, CA

  20. Frequently Asked Questions About Southwesterns Vegetation Management Strategy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vegetation Management Program - Frequently Asked Questions Question. Why does Southwestern have to keep its transmission corridor clear of trees? Answer. Southwestern's vegetation management goals are to promote safety, provide for main- tenance access, and ensure electric system reliability. Trees or other vegetation near a trans- mission line can conduct electricity and increase the chance of unintentional contact with people and pets. If electricity flows through a tree to the ground, that

  1. Temperature and pore water chemistry profiles of sediments in the

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    equatorial Pacific: incompatible results (Conference) | SciTech Connect Temperature and pore water chemistry profiles of sediments in the equatorial Pacific: incompatible results Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Temperature and pore water chemistry profiles of sediments in the equatorial Pacific: incompatible results Authors: Crowe, J. ; McDuff, R.E. Publication Date: 1979-11-13 OSTI Identifier: 6388797 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Journal Name: EOS, Trans., Am.

  2. USIPO_LSP%20Procurement%20Clause%20_April%202013.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Coordination with ITER Logistical Services Provider (LSP) [April 2013] I. TRANSPORTATION ARRANGEMENTS Transportation of hardware/equipment covered under this Agreement may be conducted by the ITER Project's Global Logistical Services Provider (LSP), Daher International and/or its United States partner, TransProject. The U.S. ITER Project Office (USIPO) will issue Task Orders directly to the LSP for transportation, logistics, and customs clearance associated with items delivered under this

  3. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 By Energy Source By North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 6 46 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases. 2 Natural gas liquids. 3 See "Breeze" in Glossary. 4 Includes all other types of energy that respondents indicated were consumed or allocated. 5 Energy sources produced onsite from the use of other energy sources but sold or trans- ferred to another

  4. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 Natural Gas Production Gross Withdrawals and Dry Gas Production, 1949-2011 Production Flow, 2011 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals by Well Type, 2011 180 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Dry Gas Production 1 Volume reduction resulting from the removal of natural gas plant liquids, which are trans- ferred to petroleum supply. 2 Includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells. Source: Table 6.2. Gross Withdrawals 1950 1960

  5. Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Futures Study | Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Light Duty Vehicle Workshop in Washington, D.C. on July 26, 2010. multi-path_trans_futures.pdf (250.21 KB) More Documents & Publications Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels, Advanced Efficiency, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Support for Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) Analysis Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas

  6. Cost and Impacts of Policies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Impacts of Policies Cost and Impacts of Policies Presentation by David Greene and Paul Leiby at the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure meeting, January 31, 2007. scenario_analysis_greene1_07.pdf (289.53 KB) More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Policy and Analyzing the Transition Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans Hydrogen Transition Study

  7. DOE Participates in EDF Climate Corps Training | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Participates in EDF Climate Corps Training DOE Participates in EDF Climate Corps Training May 31, 2016 - 12:55pm Addthis Back row, left to right: Bartlomiej Walentynski (Tiffany & Co.), Joshua Yiangou (REI), Tanvi Umarje (Express), Brad Waters (Under Armour), Lisa Lieberbaum (PVH). Front row, left to right: Nitin Raviprasad (Best Buy), Lillian Mirviss (The Gap), Shuvya Arakali (American Eagle Outfitters), Linh Tran (Guitar Center). Back row, left to right: Bartlomiej Walentynski (Tiffany

  8. Layout 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    32 0163-6804/11/$25.00 © 2011 IEEE INTRODUCTION A grid network is a collection of geographical- ly distributed resources, such as storage clus- ters, supercomputers, and scientific equipment, that are accessible to users over a network. Examples of e-Science grids include the Large Hadron Collider Computing Grid Project, the Biomedical Informatics Research Network, and the George E. Brown Network for Earthquake Engineering and Simulation. These networks typically deal with the trans- fer of

  9. Slide 1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Hung Q. Tran EIA Workshop on Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages Washington D.C. September 27, 2012 The Role of Financial Investment in Commodity Markets In early 2011, the IIF was asked by the French G-20 Chair to bring together senior market practitioners to add their perspectives to the debate on the potential role of financial investment in driving trends in commodity markets. The IIF Commodities Task Force, including market professionals, academics and other researchers, was convened

  10. Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines 1 Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines 2 Sandia National Laboratories PO Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA Hy D. Tran, PhD, PE Phone: (505)844-5417 Fax: (505)844-4372 hdtran@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affirm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate representation of this product.

  11. Waste Processing | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Processing Waste Processing Workers process and repackage waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center’s Cask Processing Enclosure. Workers process and repackage waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center's Cask Processing Enclosure. Transuranic waste, or TRU, is one of several types of waste handled by Oak Ridge's EM program. This waste contains manmade elements heavier than uranium, hence the name "trans" or "beyond" uranium. Transuranic waste material

  12. Hurricane Irene Analysis | NISAC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Historical/Selected Significant Energy Disruptions > Hurricane Earl Hurricane Earl Released: September 3, 2010 2:00 p.m. EDT Map Sources: Infrastructure-Energy Information Administration (GasTran System), Ventyx (Energy Velocity); Hurricane path with 67% likelihood cone-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Uncheck or check an item to hide or show it in the map. Electric Power Plants (>=100 MW) Coal Hydroelectric Natural Gas Nuclear Petroleum Wood Wind Other Electricity

  13. George Taylor, Ph.D. Founder, Palmetto Energy Institute Senior Fellow, ATI Center for Energy Studies

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Copyright © 2013 PERF George Taylor, Ph.D. Founder, Palmetto Energy Institute Senior Fellow, ATI Center for Energy Studies EIA Workshop on LCOE / LACE July 25, 2013 Improving the Completeness and Accuracy of Levelized Cost of Electricity Calculations Copyright © 2013 PERF EIA 2012 Annual Energy Outlook Estimated Levelized Cost of New Generation Sources, 2017 U.S. Average Levelized Costs ($2010 per MWh) for plants entering service in 2017 Levelized Fixed Variable Trans- Total Capacity Capital

  14. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    During the height of operations in the 1960s, the Jackass & Western Railroad, located in Area 25 of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly know as the Nevada Test Site (NTS), was the shortest and slowest operating railroad in the United States. However, it was the railroad's important mission that made it such: the railroad trans- ported research reactors, NERVA reactors/ nuclear engines, and equipment between facilities at the NTS Nuclear Rocket Development Station (NRDS) in

  15. StateActivity.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    StateActivity.pdf StateActivity.pdf StateActivity.pdf StateActivity.pdf (592.73 KB) More Documents & Publications SunLine Test Drives Hydrogen Bus: Hydrogen Fuel Cell & Infrastructure Technologies Program, Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Projects Fact Sheet. VTA, SamTrans Look into Future with Bus Demo Fuel Cell Transit Bus Coordination and Evaluation Plan California Fuel Cell Transit Evaluation Team

  16. Hurricane Earl

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Historical/Selected Significant Energy Disruptions > Hurricane Earl Hurricane Earl Released: September 3, 2010 2:00 p.m. EDT Map Sources: Infrastructure-Energy Information Administration (GasTran System), Ventyx (Energy Velocity); Hurricane path with 67% likelihood cone-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Uncheck or check an item to hide or show it in the map. Electric Power Plants (>=100 MW) Coal Hydroelectric Natural Gas Nuclear Petroleum Wood Wind Other Electricity

  17. Analysis Activities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory Analysis Activities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory Presentation on ORNL's analysis activities to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004. 15_ornl_greene_ferrada.pdf (4.45 MB) More Documents & Publications Integrated Market Modeling of Hydrogen Transition Scenarios with HyTrans DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop DOE Analysis Related to H2USA

  18. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-258-D Brookefield

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing Inc. | Department of Energy D Brookefield Energy Marketing Inc. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-258-D Brookefield Energy Marketing Inc. Application from Brookefield Energy to export electric energy to Canada. EA-258-D Brookfield Energy Mktg (CN).pdf (606.42 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-258-D Brookfield Energy Marketing Inc. EA-258-D Brookfield Energy Marketing Inc. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-D TransAlta

  19. CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY I hereby certify that this transcript constitutes an accurate record of the full Council meeting of the National Coal Council held on November 14,2008 at the Westin Grand Hotel, Washington, D.C. Tran_001.pdf CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY (4.5 MB) More Documents & Publications U.S. Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Projects Public Meeting Transcript for Offshore Wind Demonstrations Office of Information Resources Office of

  20. Présentation PowerPoint

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EU-DG Research Work Program Objectives To provide scientists with easy access to the most complete range of research infrastructures  To develop trans-national access to national infrastructures  Reduce redundancy and fill the gaps  Improve the service by strengthening expertise through exchange of knowledge, development of standards and protocols, constitution of data bases, and joint instrumental research activities  Promote the use of research infrastructures, especially for

  1. Heat flow in the northwest Atlantic (abstract) (Conference) | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Connect Heat flow in the northwest Atlantic (abstract) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Heat flow in the northwest Atlantic (abstract) Authors: Hobart, M.A. [1] ; Herman, B.M. ; Langseth, M.G. ; Sclater, J.G. ; Crowe, J. + Show Author Affiliations (Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades, NY) Publication Date: 1977-06-01 OSTI Identifier: 5202016 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Journal Name: EOS, Trans., Am. Geophys. Union; (United States); Journal Volume:

  2. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) has been prepared which shows reversible alteration of CO 2 adsorption upon photochemical or thermal treatment. Significance and Impact The discovery demonstrates a potential for Carbon Capture using light as stimulus to control the CO 2 adsorption and release. Research Details - An optically or thermally switchable azobenzene is added as a dangling group of an organic linker. - Triggered by UV or heat, the azobenzene group can undergo reversible trans to

  3. To the Biorefinery: Delievered Forestland and Agricultural Resources Factsheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Biorefinery: Delivered Forestland and Agricultural Resources It can be challenging and costly to trans- port biomass feedstock supplies from the roadside, or farmgate, to a biorefinery. Given the geographic dispersion and low- bulk density of cellulosic feedstocks, cost- effective scaling of commercial biorefinery operations requires overcoming many challenges. The Biomass Research and Development Board's Feedstock Logistics Interagency Working Group identified four primary barriers related

  4. Microsoft Word - Cover Page - Exhibit 10

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Northern Pass Project Area Map of Border Crossing CANADA Northern Pass Transmission LLC is the owner of the U.S. transmission facilities Hydro-Quebec TransEnergie is the owner of the Canadian transmission facilities Border Crossing 45.017820, -71.501217 Vermont Pittsburg Errol Milan Stark Berlin Stratford Bethlehem Odell Carroll Dixville Littleton Success Columbia Clarksville Dummer Jefferson Millsfield Lancaster Jackson Randolph Shelburne Cambridge Franconia Dalton Beans Purchase Colebrook

  5. (E)-4-[(4-nitrophenyl)diazenyl]phenyl anthracene-9-carboxylate.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vance, Andrew L.; Zifer, Thomas; Nichol, Jessica L.; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Leonard, Francois Leonard; Wong, Bryan Matthew

    2008-10-01

    In the title compound, C{sub 27}H{sub 17}N{sub 3}O{sub 4}, the azo group displays a trans conformation and the dihedral angles between the central benzene ring and the pendant anthracene and nitrobenzene rings are 82.94 (7) and 7.30 (9){sup o}, respectively. In the crystal structure, weak C-H...O hydrogen bonds, likely associated with a dipole moment present on the molecule, help to consolidate the packing.

  6. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Corporation Docket No. PF14-21-000 BP Alaska LNG, LLC Conoco Phillips Alaska LNG Company ExxonMobil Alaska LNG, LLC TransCanada Alaska Midstream, LP NOTICE OF INTENT TO PREPARE AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT FOR THE PLANNED ALASKA LNG PROJECT AND REQUEST FOR COMMENTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES (March 4, 2015) The staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC or Commission) will prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) that will discuss the environmental impacts of the Alaska LNG

  7. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NOTICE OF PUBLIC SCOPING MEETINGS FOR THE PLANNED ALASKA LNG PROJECT (October 8, 2015) The staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC or Commission) will conduct public scoping meetings as part of their preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) for the Alaska LNG Project involving construction and operation of facilities by Alaska Gasline Development Corporation; BP Alaska LNG, LLC; Conoco Phillips Alaska LNG Company; ExxonMobil Alaska LNG, LLC; and TransCanada Alaska

  8. US Energy Sector Vulnerabilities to Climate Change

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    On the cover: Trans-Alaska oil pipeline; aerial view of New Jersey refinery; coal barges on Mississippi River in St. Paul, Minnesota; power plant in Prince George's County, Maryland; Grand Coulee Dam in Washington State; corn field near Somers, Iowa; wind turbines in Texas. Photo credits: iStockphoto U.S. ENERGY SECTOR VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND EXTREME WEATHER Acknowledgements This report was drafted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Policy and International Affairs

  9. High Pressure Hydrogen Tank Manufacturing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Workshop High Pressure Hydrogen Tank Manufacturing Mark Leavitt Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc. August 11, 2011 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information History of Innovations... Announced breakthrough in all-composite lightweight, high capacity, low-cost fuel storage technologies. * Developed a series of robust, OEM compatible electronic control products. Developed H 2 storage system for SunLine Tran-sit Hythane®

  10. Customizable Interactive Map Shows U.S. Alternative Fuel Data - News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Releases | NREL Customizable Interactive Map Shows U.S. Alternative Fuel Data Users can find fuel stations, vehicle concentrations, and production plants June 9, 2009 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) announced the launch of a comprehensive mapping tool to help industry and government planners implement alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. The new TransAtlas tool combines several different types of geographic data to identify areas with

  11. January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Chemistry | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Chemistry Dialkylenecarbonate-Bridged Polysilsesquioxanes. Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Sol-Gels with a Thermally Labile Bridging Group Assink, Roger A.; Baugher, Brigitta M.; Beach, James V.; Loy, Douglas A.; Shea, Kenneth J.; Small, James H.; Tran, Joseph The impact of solution agglomeration on the deposition of self-assembled monolayers BUNKER,BRUCE C.; CARPICK,ROBERT W.; ASSINK,ROGER A.; THOMAS,MICHAEL L.;

  12. DNA-Based Optomechanical Molecular Motor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCullagh, Martin; Franco, Ignacio; Ratner, Mark A.; Schatz, George C.

    2011-03-16

    An azobenzene-capped DNA hairpin coupled to an AFM is presented as an optically triggered single-molecule motor. The photoinduced trans to cis isomerization of azobenzene affects both the overall length of the molecule and the ability of the DNA bases to hybridize. Using a combination of molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations the unfolding of both isomers along the O5'-O3' extension coordinate is monitored. The potentials of mean force (PMFs) along this coordinate indicate that there are two major differences induced by photoisomerization. The first is that the interbase hydrogen bond and stacking interactions are stable for a greater range of extensions in the trans system than in the cis system. The second difference is due to a decreased chain length of the cis isomer with respect to the trans isomer. These differences are exploited to extract work in optomechanical cycles. The disruption of the hairpin structure gives a maximum of 3.4 kcal mol-1 of extractable work per cycle with an estimated maximum efficiency of 2.4%. Structure-function insights into the operation of this motor are provided, and the effect of the cantilever stiffness on the extractable work is characterized.

  13. Polyacetylene, (CH){sub x}, as an Emerging Material for Solar Cell Applications. Final Technical Report, March 19, 1979 - March 18, 1980

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Heeger, A. J.; MacDiarmid, A. G.

    1980-06-05

    Despite great theoretical and technological interest in polyacetylene, (CH){sub x}, the basic features of its band structure have not been unambiguously resolved. Since photoconductivity and optical absorption data have frequently been used to infer information on the band structure of semiconductors, such measurements were carried out on (CH){sub x}. The main results of an extensive study of the photoconductivity (..delta.. sigma{sub ph}) and absorption coefficient (..cap alpha..) in (CH){sub x} are presented. The absence of photoconductivity in cis-(CH){sub x}, despite the similarity in optical properties indicates that ..delta.. sigma/sub ph/ in trans-(CH){sub x} is induced by isomerization. It is found that isomerization generates states deep inside the gap that act as safe traps for minority carriers and thereby enhance the photoconductivity. Compensation of trans-(CH){sub x} with ammonia appears to decrease the number of safe traps, whereas acceptor doping increases their number. Thus, chemical doping can be used to control the photoconductive response. The energy of safe traps inside the gap is independent of the process used to generate them; indicative of an intrinsic localized defect level in trans-(CH){sub x}. A coherent picture based on the soliton model can explain these results, including the safe trapping.

  14. Fluid Phase Lipid Areas and Bilayer Thicknesses of Commonly Used Phosphatidylcholines as a Function of Temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kucerka, Norbert; Nieh, Mu-Ping; Katsaras, John

    2011-01-01

    The structural parameters of fluid phase bilayers composed of phosphatidylcholines with fully saturated, mixed, and branched fatty acid chains, at several temperatures, have been determined by simultaneously analyzing small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering data. Bilayer parameters, such as area per lipid and overall bilayer thickness have been obtained in conjunction with intrabilayer structural parameters (e.g. hydrocarbon region thickness). The results have allowed us to assess the effect of temperature and hydrocarbon chain composition on bilayer structure. For example, we found that for all lipids there is, not surprisingly, an increase in fatty acid chain trans-gauche isomerization with increasing temperature. Moreover, this increase in trans-gauche isomerization scales with fatty acid chain length in mixed chain lipids. However, in the case of lipids with saturated fatty acid chains, trans-gauche isomerization is increasingly tempered by attractive chain-chain van der Waals interactions with increasing chain length. Finally, our results confirm a strong dependence of lipid chain dynamics as a function of double bond position along fatty acid chains.

  15. Reduced dimension rovibrational variational calculations of the S{sub 1} state of C{sub 2}H{sub 2}. I. Methodology and implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Changala, P. Bryan

    2014-01-14

    The bending and torsional degrees of freedom in S{sub 1} acetylene, C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, are subject to strong vibrational resonances and rovibrational interactions, which create complex vibrational polyad structures even at low energy. As the internal energy approaches that of the barrier to cis-trans isomerization, these energy level patterns undergo further large-scale reorganization that cannot be satisfactorily treated by traditional models tied to local minima of the potential energy surface for nuclear motion. Experimental spectra in the region near the cis-trans transition state have revealed these complicated new patterns. In order to understand near-barrier spectroscopic observations and to predict the detailed effects of cis-trans isomerization on the rovibrational energy level structure, we have performed reduced dimension rovibrational variational calculations of the S{sub 1} state. In this paper, we present the methodological details, several of which require special care. Our calculation uses a high accuracy ab initio potential surface and a fully symmetrized extended complete nuclear permutation inversion group theoretical treatment of a multivalued internal coordinate system that is appropriate for large amplitude bending and torsional motions. We also discuss the details of the rovibrational basis functions and their symmetrization, as well as the use of a constrained reduced dimension rovibrational kinetic energy operator.

  16. Crystallographic study of red fluorescent protein eqFP578 and its far-red variant Katushka reveals opposite pH-induced isomerization of chromophore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pletneva, Nadya V.; Pletnev, Vladimir Z.; Shemiakina, Irina I.; Chudakov, Dmitriy M.; Artemyev, Igor; Wlodawer, Alexander; Dauter, Zbigniew; Pletnev, Sergei

    2012-08-10

    The wild type red fluorescent protein eqFP578 (from sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor, {lambda}{sub ex} = 552 nm, {lambda}{sub em} = 578 nm) and its bright far-red fluorescent variant Katushka ({lambda}{sub ex} = 588 nm, {lambda}{sub em} = 635 nm) are characterized by the pronounced pH dependence of their fluorescence. The crystal structures of eqFP578f (eqFP578 with two point mutations improving the protein folding) and Katushka have been determined at the resolution ranging from 1.15 to 1.85 {angstrom} at two pH values, corresponding to low and high level of fluorescence. The observed extinguishing of fluorescence upon reducing pH in eqFP578f and Katushka has been shown to be accompanied by the opposite trans-cis and cis-trans chromophore isomerization, respectively. Asn143, Ser158, His197 and Ser143, Leu174, and Arg197 have been shown to stabilize the respective trans and cis fluorescent states of the chromophores in eqFP578f and Katushka at higher pH. The cis state has been suggested as being primarily responsible for the observed far-red shift of the emission maximum of Katushka relative to that of eqFP578f.

  17. Coherent detection of metal-metal terahertz quantum cascade lasers with improved emission characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, Anthony; Beere, Harvey E.; Ritchie, David A. [Semiconductor Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Freeman, Joshua R., E-mail: j.r.freeman@leeds.ac.uk; Cavali, Pierrick; Maysonnave, Jean; Tignon, Jrme; Dhillon, Sukhdeep S. [Laboratoire Pierre Aigrain, Ecole Normale Suprieure, CNRS (UMR 8551), Universit P. et M. Curie, Universit D. Diderot, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2014-02-24

    Coherent detection of emission from quantum cascade lasers with metal-metal waveguides is demonstrated through free-space coupling of a THz pulse to the sub-wavelength waveguide. We implement a simple, monolithic planar horn antenna design on the metal-metal waveguide that reduces the impedance mis-match to the waveguide. The resulting devices show up to 10 times more directed output power than conventional metal-metal waveguides. This enhanced coupling to free-space allows a more efficient injection of broad-band THz pulses into the waveguide. Through this, we are able to seed the laser emission and coherently detect the laser emission by electro-optic sampling.

  18. Schottky barrier height reduction for holes by Fermi level depinning using metal/nickel oxide/silicon contacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Islam, Raisul, E-mail: raisul@stanford.edu; Shine, Gautam; Saraswat, Krishna C. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2014-11-03

    We report the experimental demonstration of Fermi level depinning using nickel oxide (NiO) as the insulator material in metal-insulator-semiconductor (M-I-S) contacts. Using this contact, we show less than 0.1?eV barrier height for holes in platinum/NiO/silicon (Pt/NiO/p-Si) contact. Overall, the pinning factor was improved from 0.08 (metal/Si) to 0.26 (metal/NiO/Si). The experimental results show good agreement with that obtained from theoretical calculation. NiO offers high conduction band offset and low valence band offset with Si. By reducing Schottky barrier height, this contact can be used as a carrier selective contact allowing hole transport but blocking electron transport, which is important for high efficiency in photonic applications such as photovoltaics and optical detectors.

  19. Summary of the oil shale fragmentation program at Anvil Points Mine, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dick, R.D.; Young, C.; Fourney, W.L.

    1984-01-01

    During 1981 and 1982, an extensive oil shale fragmentation research program was conducted at the Anvil Points Mine near Rifle, Colorado. The primary goals were to investigate factors involved for adequate fragmentation of oil shale and to evaluate the feasibility of using the modified in situ retort (MIS) method for recovery of oil from oil shale. The test program included single-deck, single-borehole tests to obtain basic fragmentation data; multiple-borehole, multiple-deck explosive tests to evaluate practical aspects for developing an in situ retort; and the development of a variety of instrumentation techniques to diagnose the blasting event. This paper will present an outline of the field program, the type of instrumentation used, some typical results from the instrumentation, and a discussion of explosive engineering problems encountered over the course of the program. 4 references, 21 figures, 1 table.

  20. Laurentide Ice Sheet meltwater and abrupt climate change during the last glaciation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, H W; Flower, B P; Quinn, T M; Hollander, D J; Guilderson, T P

    2005-10-02

    A leading hypothesis to explain abrupt climate change during the last glacial cycle calls on fluctuations in the margin of the North American Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS), which may have routed freshwater between the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and North Atlantic, affecting North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) variability and regional climate. Paired measurements of {delta}O and Mg/Ca of foraminiferal calcite from GOM sediments reveal five episodes of LIS meltwater input from 28-45 thousand years ago (ka) that do not match the millennial-scale Dansgaard-Oeschger (D/O) warmings recorded in Greenland ice. We suggest that summer melting of the LIS may occur during Antarctic warming and likely contributed to sea-level variability during Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3).

  1. Eddy current signal comparison for tube identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glass, S. W. E-mail: Ratko.Vojvodic@areva.com; Vojvodic, R. E-mail: Ratko.Vojvodic@areva.com

    2015-03-31

    Inspection of nuclear power plant steam generator tubes is required to justify continued safe plant operation. The steam generators consist of thousands of tubes with nominal diameters of 15 to 22mm, approximately 1mm wall thickness, and 20 to 30m in length. The tubes are inspected by passing an eddy current probe through the tubes from tube end to tube end. It is critical to know exactly which tube identification (row and column) is associated with each tube's data. This is controlled by a precision manipulator that provides the tube ID to the eddy current system. Historically there have been some instances where the manipulator incorrectly reported the tube ID. This can have serious consequences including lack of inspection of a tube, or if a pluggable indication is detected, the tube is likely to be mis-plugged thereby risking a primary to secondary leak.

  2. The political economy of retail wheeling, or how to not re-fight the last war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, A.; Kihm, S.

    1994-04-01

    Disparities in utility rates - observably the result of poor supply-side resource planning - have been small before and will be small once again. Retail wheeling`s promise of short-run gains for a few would, ironically, destroy integrated resource processes in place today that guard against a repeat of yesterday`s planning mistakes. The authors argue that retail wheeling is a troubling answer to a mis-diagnosis of yesterday`s problem. They believe that a variety of other policies offer most of the benefits and few of the risks that retail wheeling poses. These include aggressive wholesale competition, judicious pruning of uneconomic capacity, and serious incorporation of environmental risks into utility planning and regulation.

  3. Many worlds and modality in the interpretation of quantum mechanics: An algebraic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Domenech, G.; Freytes, H.; Ronde, C. de

    2009-07-15

    Many world interpretations (MWIs) of quantum mechanics avoid the measurement problem by considering every term in the quantum superposition as actual. A seemingly opposed solution is proposed by modal interpretations (MIs) which state that quantum mechanics does not provide an account of what 'actually is the case', but rather deals with what 'might be the case', i.e., with possibilities. In this paper we provide an algebraic framework which allows us to analyze in depth the modal aspects of MWI. Within our general formal scheme we also provide a formal comparison between MWI and MI, in particular, we provide a formal understanding of why - even though both interpretations share the same formal structure - MI fall pray of Kochen-Specker-type contradictions while MWI escape them.

  4. The early chemical enrichment histories of two Sculptor group dwarf galaxies as revealed by RR lyrae variables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Soung-Chul; Kim, Sang Chul; Kyeong, Jaemann; Wagner-Kaiser, Rachel; Sarajedini, Ata

    2014-03-20

    We present the results of our analysis of the RR Lyrae (RRL) variable stars detected in two transition-type dwarf galaxies (dTrans), ESO294-G010 and ESO410-G005 in the Sculptor group, which is known to be one of the closest neighboring galaxy groups to our Local Group. Using deep archival images from the Advanced Camera for Surveys on board the Hubble Space Telescope, we have identified a sample of RRL candidates in both dTrans galaxies (219 RRab (RR0) and 13 RRc (RR1) variables in ESO294-G010; 225 RRab and 44 RRc stars in ESO410-G005). The metallicities of the individual RRab stars are calculated via the period-amplitude-[Fe/H] relation derived by Alcock et al. This yields mean metallicities of ([Fe/H]){sub ESO294} = –1.77 ± 0.03 and ([Fe/H]){sub ESO410} = –1.64 ± 0.03. The RRL metallicity distribution functions (MDFs) are investigated further via simple chemical evolution models; these reveal the relics of the early chemical enrichment processes for these two dTrans galaxies. In the case of both galaxies, the shapes of the RRL MDFs are well described by pre-enrichment models. This suggests two possible channels for the early chemical evolution for these Sculptor group dTrans galaxies: (1) the ancient stellar populations of our target dwarf galaxies might have formed from the star forming gas which was already enriched through 'prompt initial enrichment' or an 'initial nucleosynthetic spike' from the very first massive stars, or (2) this pre-enrichment state might have been achieved by the end products from more evolved systems of their nearest neighbor, NGC 55. We also study the environmental effects of the formation and evolution of our target dTrans galaxies by comparing their properties with those of 79 volume limited (D {sub ☉} < 2 Mpc) dwarf galaxy samples in terms of the luminosity-metallicity relation and the H I gas content. The presence of these RRL stars strongly supports the idea that although the Sculptor Group galaxies have a considerably

  5. Occidental vertical modified in situ process for the recovery of oil from oil shale, Phase 2. Construction, operation, testing, and environmental impact. Final report, August 1981-December 1982. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens, A.L.; Zahradnik, R.L.; Kaleel, R.J.

    1984-01-01

    Occidential Oil Shale, Inc. (OOSI) recently completed the demonstration of mining, rubblization, ignition, and simulataneous processing of two commericalized modified in situ (MIS) retorts at the Logas Wash facility near DeBeque, Colorado. Upon completion of Retort 6 in 1978, Occidential began incorporating all of the knowledge previously acquired in an effort to design two more commercial-sized MIS retorts. Any commercial venture of the future would require the ability to operate simultaneously more than one retort. Thus, Retorts 7 and 8 were developed during 1980 and 1981 through joint funding of the DOE and OOSI in Phase II. Rubblization of the retorts produced an average rubble void of 18.5% in the low grade shale (17 gallons per ton) at the Logan Wash site. After rubblization, bulkheads were constructed, inlet and offgas pipes were installed and connected to surface processing facilities and liquid product handling systems were connected to the retorts. Extensive instrumentation was installed in cooperation with Sandia National Laboratories for monitoring the complete operation of the retorts. After pre-ignition testing, Retort 8 was ignited in December of 1981 and Retort 7 was ignited in January of 1982. The retorts were operated without interruption from ignition until mid- November of 1982 at which time inlet gas injection was terminated and water quenching was begun. Total product yield from the two retorts was approximately 200,000 barrels of oil, or 70% of the Fischer Assay oil-in-place in the rubblized rock in the two retrots. Water quenching studies were conducted over a period of several months, with the objective of determining the rate of heat extraction from the retorts as well as determining the quantity and quality of offgas and water coming out from the quenching process. Data from these studies are also included in this Summary Report. 62 figs., 18 tabs.

  6. The Tritium Under-flow Study at the Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiergesell, Robert A.

    2008-01-15

    An issue of concern at the Savannah River Site (SRS) over the past 20 years is whether tritiated groundwater originating at SRS might be the cause of low levels of tritium measured in certain domestic wells in Georgia. Tritium activity levels in several domestic wells have been observed to occur at levels comparable to what is measured in rainfall in areas surrounding SRS. Since 1988, there has been speculation that tritiated groundwater from SRS could flow under the river and find its way into Georgia wells. A considerable effort was directed at assessing the likelihood of trans-river flow, and 44 wells have been drilled by the USGS and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. Also, as part of the data collection and analysis, the USGS developed a numerical model during 1997-98 to assess the possibility for such trans-river flow to occur. The model represented the regional groundwater flow system surrounding the Savannah River Site (SRS) in seven layers corresponding to the underlying hydrostratigraphic units, which was regarded as sufficiently detailed to evaluate whether groundwater originating at SRS could possibly flow beneath the Savannah River into Georgia. The model was calibrated against a large database of water-level measurements obtained from wells on both sides of the Savannah River and screened in each of the hydrostratigraphic units represented within the model. The model results verified that the groundwater movement in all hydrostratigraphic units proceeds laterally toward the Savannah River from both South Carolina and Georgia, and discharges into the river. Once the model was calibrated, a particle-track analysis was conducted to delineate areas of potential trans-river flow. Trans-river flow can occur in either an eastward or westward direction. The model indicated that all locations of trans-river flow are restricted to the Savannah River's flood plain, where groundwater passes immediately prior to discharging into the river. Whether the

  7. FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectrophotometry for thin film monitors: Computer and equipment integration for enhanced capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, J.N.; Sedayao, J.; Shergill, G.; Villasol, R. ); Haaland, D.M. )

    1990-01-01

    Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR) is a valuable technique for monitoring thin films used in semiconductor device manufacture. Determinations of the constituent contents in borophosphosilicate (BPSG), phosphosilicate (PSG), silicon oxynitride (SiON:H,OH), and spin-on-glass (SOG) thin films are a few applications. Due to the nature of the technique, FTIR instrumentation is one of the most extensively computer-dependent pieces of equipment that is likely to be found in a microelectronics plant. In the role of fab monitor or reactor characterization tool, FTIR instruments can rapidly generate large amounts of data. By linking a local FTIR data station to a remote minicomputer its capabilities are greatly improved. We discuss three caused of enhancement. First, the FTIR in the fab area communicates and interacts in real time with the minicomputer: transferring data segments to it, instructing it to perform sophisticated processing, and returning the result to the operator in the fab. Characterizations of PSG thin films by this approach are discussed. Second, the spectra of large numbers of samples are processed locally. The large database is then transmitted to the minicomputer for study by statistical/graphics software. Results of CVD-reactor spatial profiling experiments for plasma SiON are presented. Third, processing of calibration spectra is performed on the minicomputer to optimize the accuracy and precision of a Partial Least Squares'' analysis mode. This model is then transferred to the data station in the fab. The analysis of BPSG thin films is discussed in this regard. The prospects for fully automated at-line monitoring and for real-time, in-situ monitoring will be discussed. 10 refs., 4 figs.

  8. Enabling Graph Mining in RDF Triplestores using SPARQL for Holistic In-situ Graph Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Sangkeun; Sukumar, Sreenivas R; Hong, Seokyong; Lim, Seung-Hwan

    2016-01-01

    The graph analysis is now considered as a promising technique to discover useful knowledge in data with a new perspective. We envi- sion that there are two dimensions of graph analysis: OnLine Graph Analytic Processing (OLGAP) and Graph Mining (GM) where each respectively focuses on subgraph pattern matching and automatic knowledge discovery in graph. Moreover, as these two dimensions aim to complementarily solve complex problems, holistic in-situ graph analysis which covers both OLGAP and GM in a single system is critical for minimizing the burdens of operating multiple graph systems and transferring intermediate result-sets between those systems. Nevertheless, most existing graph analysis systems are only capable of one dimension of graph analysis. In this work, we take an approach to enabling GM capabilities (e.g., PageRank, connected-component analysis, node eccentricity, etc.) in RDF triplestores, which are originally developed to store RDF datasets and provide OLGAP capability. More specifically, to achieve our goal, we implemented six representative graph mining algorithms using SPARQL. The approach allows a wide range of available RDF data sets directly applicable for holistic graph analysis within a system. For validation of our approach, we evaluate performance of our implementations with nine real-world datasets and three different computing environments - a laptop computer, an Amazon EC2 instance, and a shared-memory Cray XMT2 URIKA-GD graph-processing appliance. The experimen- tal results show that our implementation can provide promising and scalable performance for real world graph analysis in all tested environments. The developed software is publicly available in an open-source project that we initiated.

  9. Enabling Graph Mining in RDF Triplestores using SPARQL for Holistic In-situ Graph Analysis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Sangkeun; Sukumar, Sreenivas R; Hong, Seokyong; Lim, Seung-Hwan

    2016-01-01

    The graph analysis is now considered as a promising technique to discover useful knowledge in data with a new perspective. We envi- sion that there are two dimensions of graph analysis: OnLine Graph Analytic Processing (OLGAP) and Graph Mining (GM) where each respectively focuses on subgraph pattern matching and automatic knowledge discovery in graph. Moreover, as these two dimensions aim to complementarily solve complex problems, holistic in-situ graph analysis which covers both OLGAP and GM in a single system is critical for minimizing the burdens of operating multiple graph systems and transferring intermediate result-sets between those systems. Nevertheless, most existingmore » graph analysis systems are only capable of one dimension of graph analysis. In this work, we take an approach to enabling GM capabilities (e.g., PageRank, connected-component analysis, node eccentricity, etc.) in RDF triplestores, which are originally developed to store RDF datasets and provide OLGAP capability. More specifically, to achieve our goal, we implemented six representative graph mining algorithms using SPARQL. The approach allows a wide range of available RDF data sets directly applicable for holistic graph analysis within a system. For validation of our approach, we evaluate performance of our implementations with nine real-world datasets and three different computing environments - a laptop computer, an Amazon EC2 instance, and a shared-memory Cray XMT2 URIKA-GD graph-processing appliance. The experimen- tal results show that our implementation can provide promising and scalable performance for real world graph analysis in all tested environments. The developed software is publicly available in an open-source project that we initiated.« less

  10. A quantitative quantum-chemical analysis tool for the distribution of mechanical force in molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauch, Tim; Dreuw, Andreas

    2014-04-07

    The promising field of mechanochemistry suffers from a general lack of understanding of the distribution and propagation of force in a stretched molecule, which limits its applicability up to the present day. In this article, we introduce the JEDI (Judgement of Energy DIstribution) analysis, which is the first quantum chemical method that provides a quantitative understanding of the distribution of mechanical stress energy among all degrees of freedom in a molecule. The method is carried out on the basis of static or dynamic calculations under the influence of an external force and makes use of a Hessian matrix in redundant internal coordinates (bond lengths, bond angles, and dihedral angles), so that all relevant degrees of freedom of a molecule are included and mechanochemical processes can be interpreted in a chemically intuitive way. The JEDI method is characterized by its modest computational effort, with the calculation of the Hessian being the rate-determining step, and delivers, except for the harmonic approximation, exact ab initio results. We apply the JEDI analysis to several example molecules in both static quantum chemical calculations and Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics simulations in which molecules are subject to an external force, thus studying not only the distribution and the propagation of strain in mechanically deformed systems, but also gaining valuable insights into the mechanochemically induced isomerization of trans-3,4-dimethylcyclobutene to trans,trans-2,4-hexadiene. The JEDI analysis can potentially be used in the discussion of sonochemical reactions, molecular motors, mechanophores, and photoswitches as well as in the development of molecular force probes.

  11. Electro-optical and dielectric properties of CdSe quantum dots and 6CHBT liquid crystals composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, U. B.; Pandey, M. B.; Dhar, R; Pandey, A. S.; Kumar, S.; Dabrowski, R.

    2014-11-15

    We have prepared the composites of a room temperature nematic liquid crystal namely 4-(trans-4-n-hexylcyclohexyl) isothiocyanatobenzoate (6CHBT) and Cadmium Selenide Quantum Dots (CdSe-QDs) and investigated their electro-optical and dielectric properties. Effect of dispersion of CdSe-QDs on various electro-optical and display parameters of host liquid crystalline material have been studied. Physical parameters, such as switching threshold voltage and splay elastic constant have been altered drastically for composites. Dispersion of QDs in a liquid crystals medium destabilizes nematic ordering of the host and decreases the nematic-to-isotropic transition temperature.

  12. UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    lLB"O"L"P"E OPC"AT10*s OCFlCC ..a .0x s.00 ALSUOULIQUL. "6" YLXICO "98s Nov 28 1973, Frank K. Pittmsn, Director, 'Division of Waste Management and Trans- portation, Headquarters CONTAMINATED KK-AEC-OWNED OR LEASED FACILITIES This memorandum responds to your TWK dat.ed October 30, 1973, requesting certain information on the above subject. Unfortunately, same of the documentation necessary to answer your queries is no longer available due to the records

  13. bectcom-new | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Low-NOx/SOx Burner Retrofit for Utility Cyclone Boilers - Project Brief not available (Withdrawn) TransAlta Technologies, Inc., Los Angeles, CA Design Reports Low NOx/SOx Burner Retrofit for Utility Cyclone Boilers: Public Design Report [PDF-5.8MB] (Sept 1991) Interim Reports Low NOx/SOx Burner Retrofit for Utility Cyclone Boilers, Baseline Test Report [PDF-1.6MB] (May 1991) Low NOx/SOx Burner Retrofit for Utility Cyclone Boilers, Topical Report, Termination of LNSB Cyclone Retrofit Project

  14. EIS-0410: Keystone Oil Pipeline Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This environmental impact statement (EIS) analyzes the environmental impacts of the TransCanada Keystone Oil Pipeline Project. The U.S. Department of State (DOS) was the lead agency. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Western Power Administration (Western) participated as a cooperating agency in the preparation of this EIS in order to address Western's proposed response to interconnection requests from Minnkota Power Cooperative, Central Power Electric Cooperative, and East River Electric Power Cooperative requiring modification of three existing Western substation facilities and construction of one new tap facility. DOE adopted the DOS Final EIS as DOE/EIS-0410 on January 21, 2009.

  15. image001.jpg

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ANWR, 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and TAPS Figure 1. Map of Northern Alaska and Northwestern Canada Showing the Locations of the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPR-A), Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) fig1.jpg (122614 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34,

  16. Table 2. Ten largest plants by generation capacity, 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Washington" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Grand Coulee","Hydroelectric","U S Bureau of Reclamation",7079 2,"Chief Joseph","Hydroelectric","USACE Northwestern Division",2456.2 3,"Transalta Centralia Generation","Coal","TransAlta Centralia Gen LLC",1340 4,"Rocky

  17. Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration: First Results Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

    2011-08-01

    This report documents the early implementation experience for the Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Demonstration, the largest fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States. The ZEBA Demonstration group includes five participating transit agencies: AC Transit (lead transit agency), Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA), Golden Gate Transit (GGT), San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans), and San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni). The ZEBA partners are collaborating with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to evaluate the buses in revenue service.

  18. Structural and Mechanistic Analysis through Electronic Spectra: Aqueous Hyponitrite Radical (N(2)O(2)(-)) and Nitrosyl Hyponitrite Anion (N(3)O(3)(-))

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lymar S. V.; Valiev M.

    2011-11-03

    Aqueous hyponitrite radical (N{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup -}) and nitrosyl hyponitrite anion (N{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}) are important intermediates in the reductive chemistry of NO. The structures and absorption spectra of various hydrated isomers of these compounds were investigated in this work using high-level quantum mechanical calculations combined with the explicit classical description of the aqueous environment. For N{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup -}, comparison of the calculated spectra and energetics with the experimental data reveals that (1) upon the one-electron oxidation of trans-hyponitrite (ON{double_bond}NO{sup 2-}), the trans configuration of the resulting ON{double_bond}NO{sup -} radical is preserved; (2) although cis- and trans-ON{double_bond}NO{sup -} are energetically nearly equivalent, the barrier for the trans-cis isomerization is prohibitively high because of the partial double character of the NN bond; (3) the calculations confirm that the UV spectrum of ONNO{sup -} was misinterpreted in the earlier pulse radiolysis work, and its more recent revision has been justified. For the N{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} ion, the symmetric isomer the dominant observable species, and the asymmetric isomer contributes insignificantly to the experimental spectrum. Coherent analysis of the calculated and experimental data suggests a reinterpretation of the N{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup -} + NO reaction mechanism according to which the reaction evenly bifurcates to yield both the symmetric and asymmetric isomers of N{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}. While the latter isomer rapidly decomposes to the final NO{sub 2}{sup -} + N{sub 2}O products, the former isomer is stable toward this decomposition, but its formation is reversible with the homolysis equilibrium constant K{sub hom} = 2.2 x 10{sup -7} M. Collectively, these results demonstrate that advanced theoretical modeling can be of significant benefit in structural and mechanistic analysis on the basis of the electronic spectra of aqueous transients.

  19. Stability of dendritic arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, J.A. ); Langer, J.S. )

    1990-09-15

    We propose an approximate method for studying steady-state properties and linear stability of the dendritic arrays that are formed in directional solidification of alloys. Our analysis is valid at high growth rates where the primary spacing between dendrites is larger than the velocity-dependent solutal diffusion length. We compute a neutral stability boundary and find that, in the situations where we expect our results to be valid, the experimental data of Somboonsuk, Mason, and Trivedi (Metall. Trans. A 15A, 967 (1984)) lie in the stable region, well away from the boundary.

  20. Thallium extraction from hydrochloric acid media into a deep eutectic solvent using bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Textiles (2010 MECS) Textiles (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Textiles Sector (NAICS 313-316) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014 View footprints for other sectors here. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Textiles (124.04 KB) More Documents & Publications MECS 2006 - Textiles

    solvent using bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate K.A.Tran 1,2 , M.F. Volia 1,3 , E.E. Tereshatov 1 , and C.M. Folden III 1 1

  1. A New Overview of The Trilinos Project

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Heroux, Michael A.; Willenbring, James M.

    2012-01-01

    Since An Overview of the Trilinos Project [ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 31(3) (2005), 397–423] was published in 2005, Trilinos has grown significantly. It now supports the development of a broad collection of libraries for scalable computational science and engineering applications, and a full-featured software infrastructure for rigorous lean/agile software engineering. This growth has created significant opportunities and challenges. This paper focuses on some of the most notable changes to the Trilinos project in the last few years. At the time of the writing of this article, the current release version of Trilinos was 10.12.2.

  2. Spintronic switches for ultra low energy global interconnects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharad, Mrigank Roy, Kaushik

    2014-05-07

    We present ultra-low energy interconnect design using nano-scale spin-torque (ST) switches for global data-links. Emerging spin-torque phenomena can lead to ultra-low-voltage, high-speed current-mode magnetic-switches. ST-switches can simultaneously provide large trans-impedance gain by employing magnetic tunnel junctions, to convert current-mode signals into large-swing voltage levels. Such device-characteristics can be used in the design of energy-efficient current-mode global interconnects.

  3. Electric Energy Management in the Smart Home: Perspectives on Enabling Technologies and Consumer Behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zipperer, A.; Aloise-Young, P. A.; Suryanarayanan, S.; Zimmerle, D.; Roche, R.; Earle, L.; Christensen, D.; Bauleo, P.

    2013-08-01

    Smart homes hold the potential for increasing energy efficiency, decreasing costs of energy use, decreasing the carbon footprint by including renewable resources, and trans-forming the role of the occupant. At the crux of the smart home is an efficient electric energy management system that is enabled by emerging technologies in the electricity grid and consumer electronics. This article presents a discussion of the state-of-the-art in electricity management in smart homes, the various enabling technologies that will accelerate this concept, and topics around consumer behavior with respect to energy usage.

  4. Tunable Pseudogap Kondo Effect and Quantum Phase Transitions in Aharonov-Bohm Interferometers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dias Da Silva, Luis G; Sandler, Nancy; Simon, Pascal; Ingersent, Kevin; Ulloa, Sergio E

    2009-01-01

    We study two quantum dots embedded in the arms of an Aharonov-Bohm ring threaded by a magnetic flux. This system can be described by an effective one-impurity Anderson model with an energy- and flux- dependent density of states. For specific values of the flux, this density of states vanishes at the Fermi energy, yielding a controlled realization of the pseudogap Kondo effect. The conductance and trans- mission phase shifts reflect a nontrivial interplay between wave interference and interactions, providing clear signatures of quantum phase transitions between Kondo and non-Kondo ground states.

  5. U.S. Navy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Natural Gas Flow, 2015 trillion cubic feet 1 Natural gas plant liquids production (NGPL), gaseous equivalent. 2 Quantities lost and imbalances in data due to differences among data sources. Excludes tran- sit shipments that cross the U.S.-Canada border (i.e., natural gas delivered to its destination via the other country). 3 Lease and plant fuel, and other industrial. 4 Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in compressors) and as fuel in the delivery of natural gas to

  6. UNC EFRC - Center for Solar FuelsUNC EFRC - Center for Solar Fuels

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 - 37 Publications 20. Chen, Z.; Concepcion, J. J.; Meyer, T. J. Rapid catalytic water oxidation by a single site, Ru carbene catalyst. Dalton Trans. 2011, 40 (15), 3789-3792. LINK 21. Meyer, T. J.; Papanikolas, J. M.; Heyer, C. M. Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics: The UNC-CH Energy Frontier Research Center. Catal. Lett. 2011, 141 (1), 1-7. LINK 22. Ess, D. H.; Johnson, E. R.; Hu, X.; Yang, W. Singlet-Triplet Energy Gaps for Diradicals from Fractional-Spin Density-Functional

  7. User Submitted Research Citations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Investigation into electron cloud effects in the International Linear Collider positron damping ring March 17, 2014 | Author(s): J. A. Crittenden, J. Conway, G. F. Dugan, M. A. Palmer, D. L. Rubin, J. Shanks, K. G. Sonnad, L. Boon, K. Harkay, T. Ishibashi, M. A. Furman, S. Guiducci, M. T. F. Pivi, and L. Wang | Source: Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams | URL: http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.031002 Dalt Trans 2014 cover page Mechanistic insights into hydride transfer for

  8. igure 1. Map of N. Alaska and NW Canada Showing the Locations of the NPR-A,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ANWR, 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and TAPS 1. Map of Northern Alaska and Northwestern Canada Showing the Locations of the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPR-A), Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) fig1.jpg (122614 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999.

  9. Microsoft Word - ViArray_Fact_ Sheet_SAND2011-3935P_updated_format.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ViA Tru Sandia N radiation ASICs e Pre-qual Manufac fabric-lik Specia  M  F s  U s  O Applica  C  I  S  O  R  H Sandia N high-con design a high-mix capabilit high-reli Array sted National Lab n-hardened, enable rapid lified base ar cturing Sour ke structure l Features Metal-via co Four Power- supplies for p Unused trans static current On-package ations incl Command & Instrumentat Sensor Moni Obsolescent Rad-hard env High-Reliabi National Lab nsequence ap and

  10. Solar radiation on variously oriented sloping surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gopinathan, K.K. )

    1991-01-01

    Monthly average daily irradiation on surfaces tilted towards the equator and also inclined at various azimuth angles are estimated for two locations in Lesotho and the results are presented. The isotropic model suggested by Liu and Jordan (Trans. of Ashrae, 526, 1962) along with the modified equation of Klein (Solar Energy, 19, 4, 1977) are employed for the estimation purposes. Surface orientations are selected at three inclinations for six different azimuth angles. Conclusions are reached for optimum tilt and orientation for summer, winter and annual collection. Total annual radiation values are computed for all the slopes and orientations.

  11. The fluorescence action spectra of some saturated hydrocarbon liquids for excitation energies above and below their ionization thresholds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ostafin, A.E.; Lipsky, S. )

    1993-04-01

    Fluorescence action spectra have been obtained for the neat liquids, [ital cis]-decalin, [ital trans]-decalin, bicyclohexyl, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, isobutylcyclohexane, 2,3,4-trimethylpentane, 2,3-dimethylbutane, 3-methylhexane, 3-methylpentane, [ital n]-decane, [ital n]-dodecane, and [ital n]-pentadecane at excitation energies, [epsilon], ranging from their absorption onsets (at ca. 7 eV) to 10.3 eV. For all compounds, with the exception of [ital cis]-decalin, the fluorescence quantum yield is observed to monotonically decline with increasing [epsilon], reaching a minimum value at an energy, [epsilon][sub [ital m

  12. Microsoft Word - CMOS7 PDK.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CM The CM device m are need National The PDK  Phys - C v  Stan - H m P  Sc Si  CA Vi  SP an Pa  PC  Ph Ta LV OS7 P MOS7 Proces models, phys ded to design l Laboratorie K consists of sical Design Contains the verification. ndard Cell an Holds inform make up bas Physical chematic ilvaco Ga ADENCE iews PICE Mod nd SPECT assive De CELL Lay hysical V argeted T VS/DRC A DEV Tran Res Dio Cap Proce s Design Kit sical layouts, n analog or m es 0.35um S f the followi Kit resources n

  13. Carlsbad Field Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 MAY 4 2011 Mr. Steve Zappe, Project Leader Hazardous Materials Bureau New M exico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Tran smittal of Recertification Audit Report A-11-08 for th e ORNLlCCP Dear Mr. Zappe: This letter transmits the Recertification Audit Report fo r the Oak Ridge National Lab oratory Central Cha racterization Project (O RNLlCCP) Aud it A-11-08 of the processes performed to cha racterize

  14. Carlsbad Field Office P. O. Box 3090 Carlsbad, New Mexico 8822

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    e rgy Carlsbad Field Office P. O. Box 3090 Carlsbad, New Mexico 8822 1 OCT 1 8 2012 Mr. John E. Kieling. Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Envi ronment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive Easl. Building 1 Sanla Fe. New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Tran smittal of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant An nual Reports Dear Mr. Kieling . The purpose of this letter is to provide you with the following annual reports as required by Ihe Wasle Isola li on Pilol Planl Hazardous Was le Facilily Permil No.

  15. Christmas Market Cruise

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reserve your cabin now for the HERO Christmas Market Cruise 2017 Pricing starts at $2195 per person and includes airfare from Seattle! HERO is traveling on the 2017 Christmas Market Cruise down the Danube November 24-December 2, 2017 for 8 days and 7 nights. The price includes airfare from Seattle (you can add on flight from Pasco and trip in- surance if you choose), trans- fers between the airport and the ship both ways plus all meals onboard, including wine, beer and soft drinks with dinner,

  16. Microsoft Word - 599-16june.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NURETH14-599 PROGRESS IN THE PREDICTION OF NON-UNITY PRANDTL-NUMBER TURBULENT FLOWS USING TransAT D. Lakehal, J. Panyasantisuk, D. Caviezel, M. Labois and C. Narayanan ASCOMP GmbH, Zurich, Switzerland lakehal@ascomp.ch; Lakehal@ascomp.ch Abstract We report LES results of the flow and convective heat transfer in a heated channel at a wall shear Reynolds number of Re  = 150 and 171. The results are compared with available DNS data for various Prandtl number fluids (Pr = 0.1-10). In order

  17. Hunting space rocks

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hunting space rocks Hunting space rocks Nina Lanza is studying the solar system by spending six weeks on an ice sheet in Antarctica. The 36-year-old staff scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico is on a treasure hunt of sorts. January 15, 2016 Nina Lanza Nina Lanza is part of a team driving across the Trans-Antarctica Mountains on snowmobiles in search of meteorites. (Courtesy of Nina Lanza) "One of the most interesting things from meteorites is every rocky body has a

  18. more-presentations-and-conferences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    More Presentations and Conferences from the Archive training-tsm-ico Presentation: Emerging LIDAR Based Approaches For 3D Mapping May 12, 2012 At Argonne National Laboratory Dr. XIN Chen Senior Research Scientist May 11, 2012 trans-ico Presentation: March 16, 2012 at 10:00 AM(CDT) Dr. Karthik Charan Konduri School of Sustainable Energy and the Built Environment Arizona State University March 16, 2012 HELLO my name is Border Conference: January 22-26, 2012 The Transportation Research Board (TRB)

  19. north-slope-resources | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Slope Resources photo of TAPS Alaska North Slope Resources Additional oil production from known resources as well as new discoveries are essential for keeping the Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) operating both technically and economically. The lower limit of effective operation for TAPS is in the range of 200,000 barrels per day. Current production rates are about 700,000 barrels per day down from a maximum of over 2 million barrels per day in 1988. The economic limit of TAPS will

  20. Valve, compressor contracts awarded for Western Hemisphere projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-19

    Major valve and compressor contracts have been let for projects in the Western Hemisphere. Petrobras has awarded Nuovo Pignone, Florence, a $10.5 million contract to supply 400 valves for the 1,975-mile natural-gas pipeline being constructed from Bolivia into Brazil. Additionally, Brazilian company Maritima Petroleo and TransCanada PipeLines Ltd., Calgary, have awarded Nuovo Pignone separate contracts to supply turbocompressor packages. The Brazilian contract is for offshore Campos Basin; the Canadian, for a major expansion of TCPL`s system delivering natural gas out of Alberta. The paper discusses the Bolivia-Brazil pipeline, compressor orders, and the companies.

  1. Rare events: a state of the art

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uppuluri, V.R.R.

    1980-12-01

    The study of rare events has become increasingly important in the context of nuclear safety. Some philosophical considerations, such as the framework for the definition of a rare event, rare events and science, rare events and trans-science, and rare events and public perception, are discussed. The technical work of the Task Force on problems of Rare Events in the Reliability Analysis of Nuclear Plants (1976-1978), sponsored by OECD, is reviewed. Some recent technical considerations are discussed, and conclusions are drawn. The appendix contains an essay written by Anne E. Beachey, under the title: A Study of Rare Events - Problems and Promises.

  2. DOE F 740-MX

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Form 740M (10-88) MANDATORY DATA COLLECTION AUTHORIZED BY 10 CFR 30, 40, 50, 70, 75, 150, Public Laws 83-703, 93-438, 95-91 OMB Control No. 1910-1800 4. REPORTING PERIOD 3. RIS 2. ATTACHMENT TO a. DOE/NRC 741 a. SHIPPER'S RIS b. RECEIVER'S RIS c. TRANS. NO. d. CORR NO. e. PC f. AC g. DATA CODE b. DOE/NRC 742 c. DOE/NRC 742c 5. TRANSACTION DATA 1. NAME 8a. LINE NO. 9. SIGNATURE (See instructions for provisions regarding confidentiality.) To the best of my knowledge and belief, the information

  3. CD-3, Approve Start of Construction/Execution | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop - Portland, OR December 13, 2011 Susan Henderson, P.E. Xcel Energy Path/TOT Ratings  TOT 1A - none  TOT 2A - none  TOT 3 ◦ Archer-Wayne Child Interconnection (150MW, 345kV) ◦ High Plains Express (500kV, 1600-8000MW) ◦ Zephyr (500kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ TransWest Express (600kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ Colorado-Wyoming Intertie (345kV, 800MW)  Reference: WECC Path Reports & Rating Catalog

  4. First results from bent crystal extraction at the Fermilab Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The E853 Collaboration

    1996-07-01

    First results from Fermilab Experiment 953 are presented. E853 is an experiment to test the feasibility and efficiency of extracting a low intensity beam from the halo of the Tevatron using channeling in a bent silicon crystal. The motivation for the experiment is to apply crystal extraction to trans-TeV accelerators like the LHC. Extensive simulation work has been carried out. Two accelerator operating modes have been developed for crystal studies, ``kick`` mode and diffusion mode. Results from the first successful extraction in kick mode are presented.

  5. Atomic-scale investigation of interface-facilitated deformation twinning in severely deformed Ag-Cu nanolamellar composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An, X. H. E-mail: xiaozhou.liao@sydenye.edu.au; Cao, Y.; Liao, X. Z. E-mail: xiaozhou.liao@sydenye.edu.au; Zhu, S. M.; Nie, J. F.; Kawasaki, M.; Ringer, S. P.; Langdon, T. G.; Zhu, Y. T.

    2015-07-06

    We report an atomic-scale investigation of interface-facilitated deformation twinning behaviour in Ag-Cu nanolamellar composites. Profuse twinning activities in Ag supply partial dislocations to directly transmit across the Ag-Cu lamellar interface that promotes deformation twinning in the neighbouring Cu lamellae although the interface is severely deformed. The trans-interface twin bands change the local structure at the interface. Our analysis suggests that the orientation relationship and interfacial structure between neighbouring Ag-Cu lamellae play a crucial role in such special interface-facilitated twinning behaviour.

  6. Photoreversible optical data recording in films of amorphous azo dye-containing polymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simonov, A N; Uraev, D V; Shibaev, Valerii P; Kostromin, S G

    2002-02-28

    The photoreversible properties of films of amorphous azo-containing polymers (AAPs) are studied theoretically and experimentally. The control of the sign of a photoinduced addition {Delta}n{sup ind} to the refractive index of the polymer by changing polarisation of the incident light is demonstrated. A theoretical model of photoinduced processes in AAP films is proposed, which takes into account the orientation diffusion of trans-isomers of azo dyes, and simplified analytic approaches describing the photoorientation dynamics in AAPs are considered. The theoretical results are in good agreement with our experimental data. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  7. Optical data recording by laser pulses in liquid-crystal cells with an azo-modified surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serak, S V; Agashkov, A V; Reshetnyak, V Yu

    2001-03-31

    The effect of trans-cis photoisomerisation of azofragments of a polymer film on the molecular reorientation of a liquid crystal is studied. It is shown that, using nanosecond laser pulses, one can perform both the reversible and static data recording in liquid-crystal cells with an azo-modified surface. The rise time of the reorientation is measured by the methods of dynamic holography to be about {approx} 30 {mu}s, and the grating efficiency achieves 15 %. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  8. Plasmonic electromagnetic hot spots temporally addressed by photoinduced molecular displacement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juan, M. L.; Plain, J.; Bachelot, R.; Vial, A.; Royer, P.; Gray, S. K.; Montgomery, J. M.; Wiederrecht, G. P.; Univ. de Technologie de Troyes

    2009-04-23

    We report the observation of temporally varying electromagnetic hot spots in plasmonic nanostructures. Changes in the field amplitude, position, and spatial features are induced by embedding plasmonic silver nanorods in the photoresponsive azo-polymer. This polymer undergoes cis?trans isomerization and wormlike transport within resonant optical fields, producing a time-varying local dielectric environment that alters the locations where electromagnetic hot spots are produced. Finite-difference time-domain and Monte Carlo simulations that model the induced field and corresponding material response are presented to aid in the interpretation of the experimental results. Evidence for propagating plasmons induced at the ends of the rods is also presented.

  9. United States

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bangor Hydro-Electric Company OE Docket No. PP-89-1 Amendment to Presidential Permit Order No. PP-89-1 December 30,2005 PRESIDENTIAL PERMIT AMENDMENT Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Order No. PP-89-1 I. BACKGROUND The Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for implementing Executive Order (E.O.) 10485, as amended by E.O. 12038, which requires the issuance of a Presidential permit by DOE before electric trans~nission facilities may be constructed, operated, maintained, or connected at the

  10. CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop - Portland, OR December 13, 2011 Susan Henderson, P.E. Xcel Energy Path/TOT Ratings  TOT 1A - none  TOT 2A - none  TOT 3 ◦ Archer-Wayne Child Interconnection (150MW, 345kV) ◦ High Plains Express (500kV, 1600-8000MW) ◦ Zephyr (500kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ TransWest Express (600kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ Colorado-Wyoming Intertie (345kV, 800MW)  Reference: WECC Path Reports & Rating Catalog

  11. Bulk Vitrification Castable Refractory Block Protection Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrma, Pavel R.; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Beck, Andrew E.; Brouns, Thomas M.; Caldwell, Dustin D.; Elliott, Michael L.; Matyas, Josef; Minister, Kevin BC; Schweiger, Michael J.; Strachan, Denis M.; Tinsley, Bronnie P.; Hollenberg, Glenn W.

    2005-05-01

    penetration of molten salt. Out of several refractory tile candidates, only greystone and fused-cast alumina-zirconia-silica (AZS) refractory remained intact and well bonded to the CRB after firing to 1000 C. The deformation of the refractory-tile composite was avoided by prefiring the greystone tile to 800 C. Condensed vapors did not penetrate the tiles, but Re salts condensed on their surface. Refractory corrosion tests indicated that a 0.25-inch-thick greystone tile would not corrode during a BV melt. Tiles can reduce both vapor penetration and molten salt penetration, but vapor deposition above the melt line will occur even on tiles. The Tc/Re transport scenario was outlined as follows. At temperatures below 700 C, molten ionic salt (MIS) that includes all the Tc/Re penetrates, by capillarity, from the feed into the CRB open porosity. At approximately 750 C, the MIS decomposes through the loss of NOx, leaving mainly sulfate and chloride salts. The Na2O formed in the decomposition of the nitrates reacts with insoluble grains in the feed and with the aluminosilicates in the CRB to form more viscous liquids that reduce further liquid penetration into the CRB. At 800 to 1000 C, a continuous glass phase traps the remains of the MIS in the form of inclusions in the bulk glass melt. At 1000 to 1200 C, the salt inclusions in the glass slowly dissolve but also rise to the surface. The Tc/Re salts also evaporate from the free surface of the glass melt that is rapidly renewed by convective currents. The vapors condense on cooler surfaces in the upper portion of the CRB, the box lid, and the off-gas system.

  12. The effect of initial temperature on flame acceleration and deflagration-to-detonation transition phenomenon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciccarelli, G.; Boccio, J.L.; Ginsberg, T.; Finfrock, C.; Gerlach, L.; Tagawa, H.; Malliakos, A.

    1998-05-01

    The High-Temperature Combustion Facility at BNL was used to conduct deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) experiments. Periodic orifice plates were installed inside the entire length of the detonation tube in order to promote flame acceleration. The orifice plates are 27.3-cm-outer diameter, which is equivalent to the inner diameter of the tube, and 20.6-cm-inner diameter. The detonation tube length is 21.3-meters long, and the spacing of the orifice plates is one tube diameter. A standard automobile diesel engine glow plug was used to ignite the test mixture at one end of the tube. Hydrogen-air-steam mixtures were tested at a range of temperatures up to 650K and at an initial pressure of 0.1 MPa. In most cases, the limiting hydrogen mole fraction which resulted in DDT corresponded to the mixture whose detonation cell size, {lambda}, was equal to the inner diameter of the orifice plate, d (e.g., d/{lambda}=1). The only exception was in the dry hydrogen-air mixtures at 650K where the DDT limit was observed to be 11 percent hydrogen, corresponding to a value of d/{lambda} equal to 5.5. For a 10.5 percent hydrogen mixture at 650K, the flame accelerated to a maximum velocity of about 120 mIs and then decelerated to below 2 mIs. By maintaining the first 6.1 meters of the vessel at the ignition end at 400K, and the rest of the vessel at 650K, the DDT limit was reduced to 9.5 percent hydrogen (d/{lambda}=4.2). This observation indicates that the d/{lambda}=1 DDT limit criteria provides a necessary condition but not a sufficient one for the onset of DDT in obstacle laden ducts. In this particular case, the mixture initial condition (i.e., temperature) resulted in the inability of the mixture to sustain flame acceleration to the point where DDT could occur. It was also observed that the distance required for the flame to accelerate to the point of detonation initiation, referred to as the run-up distance, was found to be a function of both the hydrogen mole fraction

  13. SU-E-T-550: Modulation Index for VMAT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, J; Park, S; Kim, J; Kim, J; Kim, H; Carlson, J; Ye, S

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To present modulation indices (MIs) for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Methods: A total of 40 VMAT plans were retrospectively selected. To investigate the delivery accuracy of each VMAT plan, gamma passing rates, differences in modulating parameters between plans and log files, and differences between the original plans and the plans reconstructed with the log files were acquired. A modulation index (MIt) was designed by multiplications of the weighted quantifications of MLC speeds, MLC accelerations, gantry accelerations and dose-rate variations. Textural features including angular second moment, inverse difference moment, contrast, variance, correlation and entropy were calculated from the fluences of each VMAT plan. To test the performance of suggested MIs, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients (r) with the plan delivery accuracy were calculated. Conventional modulation indices for VMAT including the modulation complexity score for VMAT (MCSv), leaf travel modulation complexity score (LTMCS) and MI by Li & Xing were calculated, and their correlations were also analyzed in the same way. Results: The r values of contrast (particular displacement distance, d = 1), variance (d = 1), MIt, MCSv, LTMCS and MI by Li&Xing to the local gamma passing rates with 2%/2 mm were 0.547 (p < 0.001), 0.519 (p < 0.001), −0.658 (p < 0.001), 0.186 (p = 0.251), 0.312 (p = 0.05) and −0.455 (p = 0.003), respectively. The r values of those to the MLC errors were −0.863, −0.828, 0.917, −0.635, − 0.857 and 0.795, respectively (p < 0.001). For dose-volumetric parameters, MIt showed higher statistically significant correlations than did the conventional modulation indices. Conclusion: The MIt, contrast (d = 1) and variance (d = 1) showed good performance to predict the VMAT delivery accuracy showing higher correlations to the results of various types of verification methods for VMAT. This work was in part supported by the National Research Foundation of

  14. Hanfords Supplemental Treatment Project: Full-Scale Integrated Testing of In-Container-Vitrification and a 10,000-Liter Dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witwer, Keith S.; Dysland, Eric J.; Garfield, J. S.; Beck, T. H.; Matyas, Josef; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Cooley, Scott K.; Pierce, Eric M.; Kim, Dong-Sang; Schweiger, Michael J.

    2008-02-22

    The GeoMelt In-Container Vitrification (ICV) process was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2004 for further evaluation as the supplemental treatment technology for Hanfords low-activity waste (LAW). Also referred to as bulk vitrification, this process combines glass forming minerals, LAW, and chemical amendments; dries the mixture; and then vitrifies the material in a refractory-lined steel container. AMEC Nuclear Ltd. (AMEC) is adapting its GeoMelt ICV technology for this application with technical and analytical support from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The DVBS project is funded by the DOE Office of River Protection and administered by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. The Demonstration Bulk Vitrification Project (DBVS) was initiated to engineer, construct, and operate a full-scale bulk vitrification pilot-plant to treat up to 750,000 liters of LAW from Waste Tank 241-S-109 at the DOE Hanford Site. Since the beginning of the DBVS project in 2004, testing has used laboratory, crucible-scale, and engineering-scale equipment to help establish process limitations of selected glass formulations and identify operational issues. Full-scale testing has provided critical design verification of the ICV process before operating the Hanford pilot-plant. In 2007, the projects fifth full-scale test, called FS-38D, (also known as the Integrated Dryer Melter Test, or IDMT,) was performed. This test had three primary objectives: 1) Demonstrate the simultaneous and integrated operation of the ICV melter with a 10,000-liter dryer, 2) Demonstrate the effectiveness of a new feed reformulation and change in process methodology towards reducing the production and migration of molten ionic salts (MIS), and, 3) Demonstrate that an acceptable glass product is produced under these conditions. Testing was performed from August 8 to 17, 2007. Process and analytical results demonstrated that the primary test objectives, along with a dozen supporting

  15. Hanford's Supplemental Treatment Project: Full-Scale Integrated Testing of In-Container-Vitrification and a 10,000-Liter Dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witwer, K.S.; Dysland, E.J.; Garfield, J.S.; Beck, T.H.; Matyas, J.; Bagaasen, L.M.; Cooley, S.K.; Pierce, E.; Kim, D.S.; Schweiger, M.J.

    2008-07-01

    The GeoMelt{sup R} In-Container Vitrification{sup TM} (ICV{sup TM}) process was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2004 for further evaluation as the supplemental treatment technology for Hanford's low-activity waste (LAW). Also referred to as 'bulk vitrification', this process combines glass forming minerals, LAW, and chemical amendments; dries the mixture; and then vitrifies the material in a refractory-lined steel container. AMEC Nuclear Ltd. (AMEC) is adapting its GeoMelt ICV{sup TM} technology for this application with technical and analytical support from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The DVBS project is funded by the DOE Office of River Protection and administered by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. The Demonstration Bulk Vitrification Project (DBVS) was initiated to engineer, construct, and operate a full-scale bulk vitrification pilot-plant to treat up to 750,000 liters of LAW from Waste Tank 241-S-109 at the DOE Hanford Site. Since the beginning of the DBVS project in 2004, testing has used laboratory, crucible-scale, and engineering-scale equipment to help establish process limitations of selected glass formulations and identify operational issues. Full-scale testing has provided critical design verification of the ICV{sup TM} process before operating the Hanford pilot-plant. In 2007, the project's fifth full-scale test, called FS-38D, (also known as the Integrated Dryer Melter Test, or IDMT,) was performed. This test had three primary objectives: 1) Demonstrate the simultaneous and integrated operation of the ICV{sup TM} melter with a 10,000- liter dryer, 2) Demonstrate the effectiveness of a new feed reformulation and change in process methodology towards reducing the production and migration of molten ionic salts (MIS), and, 3) Demonstrate that an acceptable glass product is produced under these conditions. Testing was performed from August 8 to 17, 2007. Process and analytical results demonstrated that the primary test

  16. Advanced Imaging Catheter: Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krulevitch, P; Colston, B; DaSilva, L; Hilken, D; Kluiwstra, J U; Lee, A P; London, R; Miles, R; Schumann, D; Seward, K; Wang, A

    2001-07-20

    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is an approach whereby procedures conventionally performed with large and potentially traumatic incisions are replaced by several tiny incisions through which specialized instruments are inserted. Early MIS, often called laparoscopic surgery, used video cameras and laparoscopes to visualize and control the medical devices, which were typically cutting or stapling tools. More recently, catheter-based procedures have become a fast growing sector of all surgeries. In these procedures, small incisions are made into one of the main arteries (e.g. femoral artery in the thigh), and a long thin hollow tube is inserted and positioned near the target area. The key advantage of this technique is that recovery time can be reduced from months to a matter of days. In the United States, over 700,000 catheter procedures are performed annually representing a market of over $350 million. Further growth in this area will require significant improvements in the current catheter technology. In order to effectively navigate a catheter through the tortuous vessels of the body, two capabilities must exist: imaging and positioning. In most cases, catheter procedures rely on radiography for visualization and manual manipulation for positioning of the device. Radiography provides two-dimensional, global images of the vasculature and cannot be used continuously due to radiation exposure to both the patient and physician. Intravascular ultrasound devices are available for continuous local imaging at the catheter tip, but these devices cannot be used simultaneously with therapeutic devices. Catheters are highly compliant devices, and manipulating the catheter is similar to pushing on a string. Often, a guide wire is used to help position the catheter, but this procedure has its own set of problems. Three characteristics are used to describe catheter maneuverability: (1) pushability -- the amount of linear displacement of the distal end (inside body) relative to

  17. Coordinating Tectons: Bipyridyl Terminated Allenylidene Complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cifuentes, Marie P.; Humphrey, Mark G.; Koutsantonis, George A.; Lengkeek, Nigel A.; Petrie, Simon; Sanford, Vanessa; Schauer, Phil A.; Skelton, Brian W.; Stranger, Robert; White, Allan H.

    2009-01-15

    A series of complexes with {pi}-conjugated carbon chains terminated by bipyridyl moieties has been prepared. These allenylidene complexes were derived from 9-hydroxy-9-ethynyl-4,5-diazafluorene, the preparation of which is reported; the new allenylidene complexes are highly colored with the cumulated carbon chain terminating in a bipyridyl unit providing a site for further coordination. The synthesis, characterization, and X-ray structure determination of trans-[MCl(P{intersection}P){sub 2}{sub {double_bond}}C{sub {double_bond}}C{sub {double_bond}}(4,5-diazafluoren-9-yl)]PF{sub 6} (M = Ru, P{intersection}P = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm), 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), 1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (dmpe); M = Os, P{intersection}P = dppm) are described. The effect of the variation in metal and ligand on electronic and electrochemical characteristics of these complexes has been investigated by using UV-vis, solution electrochemistry, and a combination of these techniques in spectroelectrochemical experiments. DFT calculations have been performed on trans-[RuCl(P{intersection}P){sub 2}{sub {double_bond}}C{sub {double_bond}}C{sub {double_bond}}(4,5-diazafluoren-9-yl)]{sup q} (P{intersection}P = dppm, bis(dimethylphosphino)methane (dmpm); q = -1, 0, +1, +2) and subsequently solvent-corrected calculations with use of COSMO were also undertaken to examine the nature of electronic transitions in various oxidation states.

  18. Ag@Au concave cuboctahedra: A unique probe for monitoring Au-catalyzed reduction and oxidation reactions by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Jiawei; Winget, Sarah A.; Wu, Yiren; Su, Dong; Sun, Xiaojun; Xie, Zhao -Xiong; Qin, Dong

    2016-01-26

    In this paper, we report a facile synthesis of Ag@Au concave cuboctahedra by titrating aqueous HAuCl4 into a suspension of Ag cuboctahedra in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA), NaOH, and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) at room temperature. Initially, the Au atoms derived from the reduction of Au3+ by AA are conformally deposited on the entire surface of a Ag cuboctahedron. Upon the formation of a complete Au shell, however, the subsequently formed Au atoms are preferentially deposited onto the Au{100} facets, resulting in the formation of a Ag@Au cuboctahedron with concave structures at the sites of {111} facets. The concave cuboctahedramore » embrace excellent SERS activity that is more than 70-fold stronger than that of the original Ag cuboctahedra at an excitation wavelength of 785 nm. The concave cuboctahedra also exhibit remarkable stability in the presence of an oxidant such as H2O2 because of the protection by a complete Au shell. These two unique attributes enable in-situ SERS monitoring of the reduction of 4-nitrothiophenol (4-NTP) to 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP) by NaBH4 through a 4,4'-dimercaptoazobenzene (trans-DMAB) intermediate and the subsequent oxidation of 4-ATP back to trans-DMAB upon the introduction of H2O2.« less

  19. Enhancing the actinide sciences in Europe through hot laboratories networking and pooling: from ACTINET to TALISMAN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourg, S.; Poinssot, C.

    2013-07-01

    Since 2004, Europe supports the strengthening of the European actinides sciences scientific community through the funding of dedicated networks: (i) from 2004 to 2008, the ACTINET6 network of excellence (6. Framework Programme) gathered major laboratories involved in nuclear research and a wide range of academic research organisations and universities with the specific aims of funding and implementing joint research projects to be performed within the network of pooled facilities; (ii) from 2009 to 2013, the ACTINET-I3 integrated infrastructure initiative (I3) supports the cost of access of any academics in the pooled EU hot laboratories. In this continuation, TALISMAN (Trans-national Access to Large Infrastructures for a Safe Management of Actinides) gathers now the main European hot laboratories in actinides sciences in order to promote their opening to academics and universities and strengthen the EU-skills in actinides sciences. Furthermore, a specific focus is set on the development of advanced cutting-edge experimental and spectroscopic capabilities, the combination of state-of-the art experimental with theoretical first-principle methods on a quantum mechanical level and to benefit from the synergy between the different scientific and technical communities. ACTINET-I3 and TALISMAN attach a great importance and promote the Education and Training of the young generation of actinides scientists in the Trans-national access but also by organizing Schools (general Summer Schools or Theoretical User Lab Schools) or by granting students to attend International Conference on actinide sciences. (authors)

  20. Ultrahigh and High Resolution Structures and Mutational Analysis of Monomeric Streptococcus pyogenes SpeB Reveal a Functional Role for the Glycine-rich C-terminal Loop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzlez-Pez, Gonzalo E.; Wolan, Dennis W.

    2012-09-05

    Cysteine protease SpeB is secreted from Streptococcus pyogenes and has been studied as a potential virulence factor since its identification almost 70 years ago. Here, we report the crystal structures of apo mature SpeB to 1.06 {angstrom} resolution as well as complexes with the general cysteine protease inhibitor trans-epoxysuccinyl-L-leucylamido(4-guanidino)butane and a novel substrate mimetic peptide inhibitor. These structures uncover conformational changes associated with maturation of SpeB from the inactive zymogen to its active form and identify the residues required for substrate binding. With the use of a newly developed fluorogenic tripeptide substrate to measure SpeB activity, we determined IC{sub 50} values for trans-epoxysuccinyl-L-leucylamido(4-guanidino)butane and our new peptide inhibitor and the effects of mutations within the C-terminal active site loop. The structures and mutational analysis suggest that the conformational movements of the glycine-rich C-terminal loop are important for the recognition and recruitment of biological substrates and release of hydrolyzed products.

  1. Selective oxidation of n-butane and butenes over vanadium-containing catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nieto, J.M.L.; Concepcion, P.; Dejoz, A.; Knoezinger, H.; Melo, F.; Vazquez, M.I.

    2000-01-01

    The oxidative dehydrogenation (OXDH) of n-butane, 1-butene, and trans-2-butene on different vanadia catalysts has been compared. MgO, alumina, and Mg-Al mixed oxides with Mg/(Al + Mg) ratios of 0.25 and 0.75 were used as supports. The catalytic data indicate that the higher the acid character of catalysts the lower is both the selectivity to C{sub 4}-olefins from n-butane and the selectivity to butadiene from both 1-butene or trans-2-butene. Thus, OXDH reactions are mainly observed from n-butane and butenes on basic catalysts. The different catalytic performance of both types of catalysts is a consequence of the isomerization of olefins on acid sites, which appears to be a competitive reaction with the selective way, i.e., the oxydehydrogenation process by a redox mechanism. Infrared spectroscopy data of 1-butene adsorbed on supported vanadium oxide catalysts suggest the presence of different adsorbed species. O-containing species (carbonyl and alkoxide species) are observed on catalysts with acid sites while adsorbed butadiene species are observed on catalysts with basic sites. According to these results a reaction network for the oxydehydrogenation of n-butane is proposed with parallel and consecutive reactions.

  2. rbstmultiprince.f

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-01-03

    Program rbstmultiprince.f calculates time domain polarizabilities and object location for a time-domain multi-transmitter multi-receiver detection/discrimination system. Assumes system has three orthogonal rectangular loop transmitters (or more), and five (or more) dipole receivers. Object is located either relative to system, or in GPS coordinates (when system GPS position and orientation are known from data file header information). Uses the method of J.T. Smith and H.F. Morrison, 2004, "Estimating equivalent dipole polarization for the inductive response ofmore » isolated conductive bodies" (IEEE Trans. on Geosci. and Remote Sensing, v42, 1208-1214). A variant of the empirical distribution evolutionary algorithm, of J.T. Smith and H.F. Morrison, 2006, "Optimizing receiver configurations for estimating equivalent dipole polarization in situ' (IEEE Trans. on Geosci. and Remote Sensing, v43, 1490-1498), has been substituted for the downhill simplex method used as the over-all optimization method in Smith and Morrison, 2004.« less

  3. Rotational and translational temperature equilibrium in an inductively coupled plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shimada, Masashi; Tynan, George R.; Cattolica, Robert

    2006-09-15

    Rotational temperature has been used widely as neutral gas temperature measurement in different types of plasmas (electron cyclotron resonance, inductively coupled plasma, helicon, hollow cathode, etc.), and has been assumed to be in equilibrium with translational temperature. The direct experimental comparison of rotational and translational temperature in low-temperature plasmas has not been reported. In this research, optical emission spectroscopy is used to measure the neutral gas rotational temperature, T{sub rot}, from the second-positive band of a nitrogen molecule (380 nm). The results are compared with the Doppler-broadened translational temperature, T{sub trans}, of Ar (750 nm) and He (587 nm), determined with a high-resolution spectrometer at various partial pressures of N{sub 2} in Ar/N{sub 2} and He/N{sub 2} plasmas. The results demonstrated that T{sub rot} and T{sub trans} are in equilibrium in the conditions [10{sup 10}

  4. Great Western Malting Company geothermal project, Pocatello, Idaho. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, N.T.; McGeen, M.A.; Corlett, D.F.; Urmston, R.

    1981-12-23

    The Great Western Malting Company recently constructed a barley malting facility in Pocatello, Idaho, designed to produce 6.0 million bushels per year of brewing malt. This facility uses natural gas to supply the energy for germination and kilning processes. The escalating cost of natural gas has prompted the company to look at alternate and more economical sources of energy. Trans Energy Systems has investigated the viabiity of using geothermal energy at the new barley processing plant. Preliminary investigations show that a geothermal resource probably exists, and payback on the installation of a system to utilize the resource will occur in under 2 years. The Great Western Malting plant site has geological characteristics which are similar to areas where productive geothermal wells have been established. Geological investigations indicate that resource water temperatures will be in the 150 to 200/sup 0/F range. Geothermal energy of this quality will supply 30 to 98% of the heating requirements currently supplied by natural gas for this malting plant. Trans Energy Systems has analyzed several systems of utilizing the geothermal resource at the Great Western barley malting facility. These systems included: direct use of geothermal water; geothermal energy heating process water through an intermediary heat exchanger; coal or gas boosted geothermal systems; and heat pump boosted geothermal system. The analysis examined the steps that are required to process the grain.

  5. Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Pavit; Linde, Lothar

    2011-11-15

    The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

  6. All-optical logic gate based on transient grating from disperse red 1 doped organic-inorganic hybrid films with an improved figure of merit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Tianxi; Que, Wenxiu Shao, Jinyou; Wang, Yushu

    2015-10-21

    Azobenzene dyes have large refractive index near their main resonance, but the poor figure of merit (FOM) limits their potential for all-optical applications. To improve this situation, disperse red 1 (DR1) molecules were dispersed in a sol-gel germanium/Ormosil organic-inorganic hybrid matrix. Z-scan measurement results showed a good compatibility between the dopant and the matrix, and also, an improved FOM was obtained as compared to the DR1/polymer films reported previously. To demonstrate the all-optical signal processing effect, a cw Nd:YAG laser emitting at 532 nm and a He-Ne laser emitting at 632.8 nm were used as pump and probe beams, respectively. DR1 acts as an initiator of the photo-induced transient holographic grating, which is attributed to the trans-cis-trans photoisomerization. Thus, a three inputs AND all-optical logic gate was achieved by using choppers with different frequencies. The detailed mechanism of operation is discussed. These results indicate that the DR1 doped germanium/Ormosil organic-inorganic hybrid film with an improved FOM has a great potential in all-optical devices around its main resonance.

  7. Uranium (VI)Bis(imido) chalcogenate complexes:synthesis and density functional theory analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, Liam P; Batista, Enrique R; Boncella, James M; Yang, Ping; Scott, Brian L

    2009-01-01

    Bis(imido) uranium(VI) trans- and cis-dichalcogenate complexes with the general formula U(NtBu)2(EAr)2(OPPh3)2 (EAr = O-2-tBuC6H4, SPh, SePh, TePh) and U(NtBu)2(EAr)2(R2bpy) (EAr = SPh, SePh, TePh) (R2bpy = 4,4'-disubstituted-2,2'-bipyridyl, R = Me, tBu) have been prepared. This family of complexes includes the first reported monodentate selenolate and tellurolate complexes of uranium(VI). Density functional theory calculations show that covalent interactions in the U-E bond increase in the trans-dichalcogenate series U(NtBu)2(EAr)2(OPPh3)2 as the size of the chalcogenate donor increases and that both 5f and 6d orbital participation is important in the M-E bonds of U-S, U-Se, and U-Te complexes.

  8. Complexation of N4-Tetradentate Ligands with Nd(III) and Am(III)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogden, Mark D.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Meier, G. Patrick; Lumetta, Gregg J.; Nash, Kenneth L.

    2012-12-06

    To improve understanding of aza-complexants in trivalent actinidelanthanide separations, a series of tetradentate N-donor ligands have been synthesized and their complexation of americium(III) and neodymium(III) investigated by UVvisible spectrophotometry in methanolic solutions. The six pyridine/alkyl amine/imine ligands are N,N0-bis(2-methylpyridyl)-1,2-diaminoethane, N,N0-bis(2-methylpyridyl)-1,3-diaminopropane, trans-N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (BPMDAC), N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)piperazine, N,N-bis-[pyridin-2-ylmethylene]ethane-1,2-diamine, and trans-N,Nbis-([pyridin-2-ylmethylene]-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine. Each ligand has two pyridine groups and two aliphatic amine/imine N-donor atoms arranged with different degrees of preorganization and structural backbone rigidity. Conditional stability constants for the complexes of Am(III) and Nd(III) by these ligands establish the selectivity patterns. The overall selectivity of Am(III) over Nd(III) is similar to that reported for the terdentate bis(dialkyltriazinyl)pyridine molecules. The cyclohexane amine derivative (BPMDAC) is the strongest complexant and shows the highest selectivity for Am(III) over Nd(III) while the imines appear to prefer a bridging arrangement between two cations. These results suggest that this series of ligands could be employed to develop an enhanced actinide(III) lanthanide(III) separation system.

  9. Crystal structure of phototoxic orange fluorescent proteins with α tryptophan-based chromophore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pletneva, Nadya V.; Pletnev, Vladimir Z.; Sarkisyan, Karen S.; Gorbachev, Dmitry A.; Egorov, Evgeny S.; Mishin, Alexander S.; Lukyanov, Konstantin A.; Dauter, Zbigniew; Pletnev, Sergei

    2015-12-23

    Phototoxic fluorescent proteins represent a sparse group of genetically encoded photosensitizers that could be used for precise light-induced inactivation of target proteins, DNA damage, and cell killing. Only two such GFP-based fluorescent proteins (FPs), KillerRed and its monomeric variant SuperNova, were described up to date. We present a crystallographic study of their two orange successors, dimeric KillerOrange and monomeric mKiller-Orange, at 1.81 and 1.57 Å resolution, respectively. They are the first orange-emitting protein photosensitizers with a tryptophan-based chromophore (Gln65-Trp66-Gly67). Same as their red progenitors, both orange photosensitizers have a water-filled channel connecting the chromophore to the β-barrel exterior and enabling transport of ROS. In both proteins, Trp66 of the chromophore adopts an unusual trans-cis conformation stabilized by H-bond with the nearby Gln159. This trans-cis conformation along with the water channel was shown to be a key structural feature providing bright orange emission and phototoxicity of both examined orange photosensitizers.

  10. Structural Analysis of Protein Folding by the Long-Chain Archaeal Chaperone FKBP26

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E Martinez-Hackert; W Hendrickson

    2011-12-31

    In the cell, protein folding is mediated by folding catalysts and chaperones. The two functions are often linked, especially when the catalytic module forms part of a multidomain protein, as in Methanococcus jannaschii peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase FKBP26. Here, we show that FKBP26 chaperone activity requires both a 50-residue insertion in the catalytic FKBP domain, also called 'Insert-in-Flap' or IF domain, and an 80-residue C-terminal domain. We determined FKBP26 structures from four crystal forms and analyzed chaperone domains in light of their ability to mediate protein-protein interactions. FKBP26 is a crescent-shaped homodimer. We reason that folding proteins are bound inside the large crescent cleft, thus enabling their access to inward-facing peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase catalytic sites and ipsilateral chaperone domain surfaces. As these chaperone surfaces participate extensively in crystal lattice contacts, we speculate that the observed lattice contacts reflect a proclivity for protein associations and represent substrate interactions by FKBP26 chaperone domains. Finally, we find that FKBP26 is an exceptionally flexible molecule, suggesting a mechanism for nonspecific substrate recognition.

  11. Crystal structure of phototoxic orange fluorescent proteins with α tryptophan-based chromophore

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Pletneva, Nadya V.; Pletnev, Vladimir Z.; Sarkisyan, Karen S.; Gorbachev, Dmitry A.; Egorov, Evgeny S.; Mishin, Alexander S.; Lukyanov, Konstantin A.; Dauter, Zbigniew; Pletnev, Sergei

    2015-12-23

    Phototoxic fluorescent proteins represent a sparse group of genetically encoded photosensitizers that could be used for precise light-induced inactivation of target proteins, DNA damage, and cell killing. Only two such GFP-based fluorescent proteins (FPs), KillerRed and its monomeric variant SuperNova, were described up to date. We present a crystallographic study of their two orange successors, dimeric KillerOrange and monomeric mKiller-Orange, at 1.81 and 1.57 Å resolution, respectively. They are the first orange-emitting protein photosensitizers with a tryptophan-based chromophore (Gln65-Trp66-Gly67). Same as their red progenitors, both orange photosensitizers have a water-filled channel connecting the chromophore to the β-barrel exterior and enablingmore » transport of ROS. In both proteins, Trp66 of the chromophore adopts an unusual trans-cis conformation stabilized by H-bond with the nearby Gln159. This trans-cis conformation along with the water channel was shown to be a key structural feature providing bright orange emission and phototoxicity of both examined orange photosensitizers.« less

  12. LOCAL RADIATION MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC INSTABILITIES IN MAGNETICALLY STRATIFIED MEDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tao, Ted; Blaes, Omer

    2011-11-20

    We study local radiation magnetohydrodynamic instabilities in static, optically thick, vertically stratified media with constant flux mean opacity. We include the effects of vertical gradients in a horizontal background magnetic field. Assuming rapid radiative diffusion, we use the zero gas pressure limit as an entry point for investigating the coupling between the photon bubble instability and the Parker instability. Apart from factors that depend on wavenumber orientation, the Parker instability exists for wavelengths longer than a characteristic wavelength {lambda}{sub tran}, while photon bubbles exist for wavelengths shorter than {lambda}{sub tran}. The growth rate in the Parker regime is independent of the orientation of the horizontal component of the wavenumber when radiative diffusion is rapid, but the range of Parker-like wavenumbers is extended if there exists strong horizontal shear between field lines (i.e., horizontal wavenumber perpendicular to the magnetic field). Finite gas pressure introduces an additional short-wavelength limit to the Parker-like behavior, and also limits the growth rate of the photon bubble instability to a constant value at short wavelengths. We also consider the effects of differential rotation with accretion disk applications in mind. Our results may explain why photon bubbles have not yet been observed in recent stratified shearing box accretion disk simulations. Photon bubbles may physically exist in simulations with high radiation to gas pressure ratios, but higher spatial resolution will be needed to resolve the asymptotically growing unstable wavelengths.

  13. Evaluation and combined geophysical interpretations of NURE and related geoscience data in the Van Horn, Pecos, Marfa, Fort Stockton, Presidido, and Emory Peak quadrangles, Texas. Volume 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, G.R.; Hinze, W.J.; Aiken, C.L.V.; Goodell, P.C.; Roy, R.F.; Pingitore, N.E.

    1981-09-01

    This report (two volumes) is the culmination of a two-year study of the six Trans-Pecos Texas quadrangles (Van Horn, Pecos, Marfa, Fort Stockton, Presidio, and Emory Park) surveyed as part of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) program. Volume I contains a discussion of the aeromagnetic, gravity and geochemical data, their processing, and their analysis. The geologic history and setting of the Trans-Pecos are discussed along with the uranium potential of the region. Uranium anomalies and occurrences characteristic of numerous different NURE classes are present in the study area, and information is presented on 33 drill holes into these targets. Volume II is a folio of maps reduced to a scale of 1:500,000. Geologic maps for each of the six quadrangles are included and the geophysical maps have been prepared to be overlays for the goelogic maps. In addition to the geologic maps, residual aeromagnetic anomaly, complete Bouguer gravity anomaly, flight line index, gravity station index, and anomaly interpretative maps were prepared for each quadrangle. A large suite of digitally processed maps of gravity and aeromagnetic data were prepared and are included in Volume II.

  14. Transition Metal Donor-Peptide-Acceptor Complexes: From Intramolecular Electron Transfer Reactions to the Study of Reactive Intermediates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isied, Stephan S.

    2003-03-11

    The trans-polyproline (PII) oligomers (Figure 1) are unusually rigid peptide structures which have been extensively studied by our group for peptide mediated intramolecular electron transfer (ET) at long distances. We have previously studied ET across a series of metal ion donor (D) acceptor (A) oligoproline peptides with different distances, driving forces and reorganizational energies. The majority of these experiments involve generating the ET intermediate using pulse radiolysis methods, although more recently photochemical methods are also used. Results of these studies showed that ET across peptides can vary by more than twelve orders of magnitude. Using ruthenium bipyridine donors, ET reaction rate constants across several proline residues (n = 4 - 9) occurred in the millisecond (ms) to {micro}s timescale, thus limiting the proline peptide conformational motions to only minor changes (far smaller than the large changes that occur on the ms to sec timescale, such as trans to cis proline isomerization). The present report describes our large data base of experimental results for D-peptide-A complexes in terms of a model where the involvement of both superexchange and hopping (hole and electron) mechanisms account for the long range ET rate constants observed. Our data shows that the change from superexchange to hopping mechanisms occurs at different distances depending on the type of D and A and their interactions with the peptides. Our model is also consistent with generalized models for superexchange and hopping which have been put forward by a number of theoretical groups to account for long range ET phenomena.

  15. Stereoselectivity of cytochrome P-450c in the formation of naphthalene and anthracene 1,2-oxides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Bladeren, P.J.; Vyas, K.P.; Sayer, J.M.; Ryan, D.E.; Thomas, P.E.; Leviin, W.; Jerina, D.M.

    1984-07-25

    Absolute configurations of the arene 1,2-oxides formed from naphthalene and anthracene by cytochrome P-450c, the predominant isozyme of cytochrome P-450 found in the livers of rats treated with 3-methylcholanthrene, were determined via two different approaches. The first consisted of trapping the arene oxides with N-acetyl-L-cysteine to form S-conjugates, methylation of the conjugates with diazomethane, and separation of the resulting diastereomeric esters by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. Analysis by this procedure of the arene oxides formed from radioactive naphthalene and anthracene by a highly purified and reconstituted monooxygenase system containing cytochrome P-450c in dicated that 73 and greater than or equal to95%, respectively, of the metabolically formed arene oxides consisted of the (+)-(1R,2S)-enantiomer. In the second approach, each hydrocarbon was incubated with a reconstituted system containing both cytochrome P-450c and epoxide hydrolase. Under these conditions, the predominant metabolites are trans-1,2-dihydrodiols formed by epoxide hydrolase catalyzed trans-addition of water to the arene oxide intermediates. In both cases, the (-)-(1R,2R)-dihydrodiols predominated; 92% for naphthalene and 99% for anthracene. Qualitatively and quantitatively both approaches indicate that the (+)-arene (1R,2S)-oxides predominate. The results are discussed in terms of the steric constraints of a proposed model for the catalytic binding site of cytochrome P-450c.

  16. Investigation of chromophore-chromophore interaction by electro-optic measurements, linear dichroism, x-ray scattering, and density-functional calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apitz, D.; Bertram, R.P.; Benter, N.; Buse, K.; Hieringer, W.; Andreasen, J.W.; Nielsen, M.M.; Johansen, P.M.

    2005-09-01

    Free-beam interferometry and angle-resolved absorption spectra are used to investigate the linear electro-optic coefficients and the linear dichroism in photoaddressable bis-azo copolymer thin films. From the first- and second order parameters deduced, the chromophore orientation distribution is calculated and displayed for several poling temperatures and chromophore concentrations. The influence of dipole-dipole interaction on the overall polymer dynamics is discussed. The first order parameter, and therefore the Pockels effect, peaks for a poling temperature of around 10 deg. C above the glass transition. The decrease of the Pockels effect above this temperature region is triggered by a head-to-tail chromophore orientation, i.e., a transition to a microcrystalline phase, increasing the second order parameter. Comparison of the experimentally observed absorption spectra and those obtained by density-functional calculations support the picture of differently aligned bis-azo dye molecules in a trans,trans configuration. Complementary wide-angle x-ray scattering is recorded to confirm the various kinds of ordering in samples poled at different temperatures.

  17. Pb Isotopes as an Indicator of the Asian Contribution to Particulate Air Pollution in Urban California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewing, Stephanie A.; Christensen, John N.; Brown, Shaun T.; Vancuren, Richard A.; Cliff, Steven S.; DePaolo, Donald J.

    2010-10-25

    During the last two decades, expanding industrial activity in east Asia has led to increased production of airborne pollutants that can be transported to North America. Previous efforts to detect this trans-Pacific pollution have relied upon remote sensing and remote sample locations. We tested whether Pb isotope ratios in airborne particles can be used to directly evaluate the Asian contribution to airborne particles of anthropogenic origin in western North America, using a time series of samples from a pair of sites upwind and downwind of the San Francisco Bay Area. Our results for airborne Pb at these sites indicate a median value of 29 Asian origin, based on mixing relations between distinct regional sample groups. This trans-Pacific Pb is present in small quantities but serves as a tracer for airborne particles within the growing Asian industrial plume. We then applied this analysis to archived samples from urban sites in central California. Taken together, our results suggest that the analysis of Pb isotopes can reveal the distribution of airborne particles affected by Asian industrial pollution at urban sites in northern California. Under suitable circumstances, this analysis can improve understanding of the global transport of pollution, independent of transport models.

  18. Blister Threshold Based Thermal Limits for the U-Mo Monolithic Fuel System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. M. Wachs; I. Glagolenko; F. J. Rice; A. B. Robinson; B. H. Rabin; M. K. Meyer

    2012-10-01

    Fuel failure is most commonly induced in research and test reactor fuel elements by exposure to an under-cooled or over-power condition that results in the fuel temperature exceeding a critical threshold above which blisters form on the plate. These conditions can be triggered by normal operational transients (i.e. temperature overshoots that may occur during reactor startup or power shifts) or mild upset events (e.g., pump coastdown, small blockages, mis-loading of fuel elements into higher-than-planned power positions, etc.). The rise in temperature has a number of general impacts on the state of a fuel plate that include, for example, stress relaxation in the cladding (due to differential thermal expansion), softening of the cladding, increased mobility of fission gases, and increased fission-gas pressure in pores, all of which can encourage the formation of blisters on the fuel-plate surface. These blisters consist of raised regions on the surface of fuel plates that occur when the cladding plastically deforms in response to fission-gas pressure in large pores in the fuel meat and/or mechanical buckling of the cladding over damaged regions in the fuel meat. The blister temperature threshold decreases with irradiation because the mechanical properties of the fuel plate degrade while under irradiation (due to irradiation damage and fission-product accumulation) and because the fission-gas inventory progressively increases (and, thus, so does the gas pressure in pores).

  19. Distinguishing Between Site Waste, Natural, and Other Sources of Contamination at Uranium and Thorium Contaminated Sites - 12274

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hays, David C.

    2012-07-01

    Uranium and thorium processing and milling sites generate wastes (source, byproduct, or technically enhanced naturally occurring material), that contain contaminants that are similar to naturally occurring radioactive material deposits and other industry wastes. This can lead to mis-identification of other materials as Site wastes. A review of methods used by the US Army Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency to distinguish Site wastes from potential other sources, enhanced materials, and natural deposits, at three different thorium mills was conducted. Real case examples demonstrate the importance of understanding the methods of distinguishing wastes. Distinguishing between Site wastes and enhanced Background material can be facilitated by establishing and applying a formal process. Significant project cost avoidance may be realized by distinguishing Site wastes from enhanced NORM. Collection of information on other potential sources of radioactive material and physical information related to the potential for other radioactive material sources should be gathered and reported in the Historical Site Assessment. At a minimum, locations of other such information should be recorded. Site decision makers should approach each Site area with the expectation that non site related radioactive material may be present and have a process in place to distinguish from Site and non Site related materials. (authors)

  20. Electrostatic analysis of n-doped SrTiO{sub 3} metal-insulator-semiconductor systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamerbeek, A. M. Banerjee, T.; Hueting, R. J. E.

    2015-12-14

    Electron doped SrTiO{sub 3}, a complex-oxide semiconductor, possesses novel electronic properties due to its strong temperature and electric-field dependent permittivity. Due to the high permittivity, metal/n-SrTiO{sub 3} systems show reasonably strong rectification even when SrTiO{sub 3} is degenerately doped. Our experiments show that the insertion of a sub nanometer layer of AlO{sub x} in between the metal and n-SrTiO{sub 3} interface leads to a dramatic reduction of the Schottky barrier height (from around 0.90 V to 0.25 V). This reduces the interface resistivity by 4 orders of magnitude. The derived electrostatic analysis of the metal-insulator-semiconductor (n-SrTiO{sub 3}) system is consistent with this trend. When compared with a Si based MIS system, the change is much larger and mainly governed by the high permittivity of SrTiO{sub 3}. The non-linear permittivity of n-SrTiO{sub 3} leads to unconventional properties such as a temperature dependent surface potential non-existent for semiconductors with linear permittivity such as Si. This allows tuning of the interfacial band alignment, and consequently the Schottky barrier height, in a much more drastic way than in conventional semiconductors.