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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Trailing Edge Noise Model Applied to Wind Turbine Airfoils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flows, as well as the acoustic waves, using Computational Fluid Dynamics have become affordable thanksTrailing Edge Noise Model Applied to Wind Turbine Airfoils Franck Bertagnolio Risø-R-1633(EN) Risø Bertagnolio Title: Trailing Edge Noise Model Applied to Wind Turbine Airfoils Department: Wind Energy

2

Trailing edge noise mitigation investigation for wind turbine blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind turbines offer one of the most mature technologies for providing large scale renewable energy to society in an economically viable way. Although not on par with the price of conventional energy sources yet the cost of energy has been steadily decreasing as the technology continues to develop. Unfortunately like with all energy sources there are some problems with this form of generation. Among these sound emissions from wind turbines are one of the problems people who live close to the installed machines may be exposed to. Past studies show that these noise emissions are dominated by aeroacousticnoise and of the many mechanisms that lead to aeroacousticnoise the interaction between the unsteady flow and the trailing edge seems to constitute the largest portion of the overall sound spectrum. Modifications to the trailing edge geometry will change how the fluid interacts with the trailing edge and can be used to change the resulting noise emission. This study will investigate the effect passive trailing edge devices have on the overall noise emission from a wind turbine in an attempt to reduce the aeroacousticnoise being generated by the turbine.

Michael J. Asheim; Dave Munoz; Patrick Moriarty

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Trailing edge noise theory for rotating blades in uniform flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new formulation for trailing edge noise radiation from rotating blades based on an analytical solution of the convective wave equation. It accounts for distributed loading and the effect of mean flow and spanwise wavenumber. A commonly used theory due to Schlinker and Amiet (1981) predicts trailing edge noise radiation from rotating blades. However, different versions of the theory exist; it is not known which version is the correct one and what the range of validity of the theory is. This paper addresses both questions by deriving Schlinker and Amiet's theory in a simple way and by comparing it to the new formulation, using model blade elements representative of a wind turbine, a cooling fan and an aircraft propeller. The correct form of Schlinker and Amiet's theory (1981) is identified. It is valid at high enough frequency, i.e. for a Helmholtz number relative to chord greater than one and a rotational frequency much smaller than the angular frequency of the noise sources.

Sinayoko, Samuel; Agarwal, Anurag

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Augmentation of Power Output of Axisymmetric Ducted Wind Turbines by Porous Trailing Edge Disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents analytical and experimental results that demonstrated that the power output from a ducted wind turbine can be dramatically increased by the addition of a trailing edge device such as a porous disk. In ...

widnall, sheila

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Effects of trailing edge flap dynamic deployment on blade-vortex interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical and experimental investigation is undertaken to determine the effects of an actively deployable trailing edge flap on the disturbances created during blade-vortex interactions (BVI). The theoretical model consists of an unsteady panel...

Nelson, Carter T.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

6

An experimental investigation of turbine blade heat transfer and turbine blade trailing edge cooling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies have investigated the fluid flow and heat transfer behavior in high Reynolds number flows. Blair [7,8] investigated the effect of grid generated turbulence on flat plate heat transfer. He showed that turbulent heat transfer coefficient in flow... AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TURBINE BLADE HEAT TRANSFER AND TURBINE BLADE TRAILING EDGE COOLING A Dissertation by JUNGHO CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Choi, Jungho

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

7

Effects of vortex generators on a blunt trailing-edge airfoil for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Vortex generators (VGs) are commonly-used effective flow separation control devices, and are proved to have potential to improve the aerodynamic performance of large wind turbines. In this paper, the flow physics of \\{VGs\\} and how their size affects the aerodynamic performance of a blunt trailing-edge airfoil DU97-W-300 have been investigated using CFD simulations. Based on wind turbine dedicated airfoil with and without \\{VGs\\} respectively, three-dimensional numerical models were established and further validated through the comparisons between the numerical results and the experimental data. The effects of VGs' size were analyzed from several perspectives, such as trailing-edge height, length, short and long spacing between an adjacent pair of VGs. The results indicate that drag penalty is more sensitive to the increase of VG height than lift; an increment of VG length leads to negative effects on both lift and drag; increases of the spacing between an adjacent pair of \\{VGs\\} have positive impact on suppression of separated flow. Additionally, the flow field characteristics were further revealed by the analysis of streamlines and vortices in the wake region.

Linyue Gao; Hui Zhang; Yongqian Liu; Shuang Han

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 683 of 711 Go Back Full quadratic form associated with a surface. #12;Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 684 of 711 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit The component g is called the geodesic

Gallier, Jean

9

Paper Trails  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

copies of the piano roll in the upper right The player piano was retrofitted with an Arduino Uno processor that utilizes an infrared sensor to monitor the time interval between a series of perforations punched along the edge of the roll. When the piano... the Arduino and adjusts the frame-rate of the animation, accordingly. In the exhibition, I purposefully obscured the presence of these processes. The only visible suggestion of the new technologies was a computer keyboard, which was placed on the wall next...

Hawkins, Brian

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

10

Trails Working Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trails Working Group Trails Working Group Trails Working Group Our mission is to inventory, map, and prepare historical reports on the many trails used at LANL. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email The LANL Trails Working Group inventories, maps, and prepares historical reports on the many trails used at LANL. Some of these trails are ancient pueblo footpaths that continue to be used for recreational hiking today. Some serve as quiet and non-motorized alternatives between the Townsite and LANL or between technical areas. The Trails Working Group, established in December 2003, includes representatives from local citizen hiking groups, Los Alamos County, Forest Service, Park Service, Los Alamos National Laboratory and the NNSA Los

11

Old Sauk Trail  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sauk Trail Sauk Trail Nature Bulletin No. 436-A December 4, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation OLD SAUK TRAIL Sauk Trail Road crosses the extreme southern part of Cook County. From Richton Park it runs due west on a section line to Harlem Ave. and then, in Will County, angles slightly northwest to Frankfort. From Richton Park easterly to Dyer, Indiana, where it joins the Lincoln Highway (U.S. 30), it is different from most roads in this region. This appears to be a narrow winding survivor from the horse-and-buggy days. Actually, it is a remnant of the famous Great Sauk Trail. Originally, the Sauk Trail ran easterly across Illinois from Rock Island to the Illinois River at about where Peru is now, paralleled the north bank of that river to Joliet, and thence easterly to Valparaiso, Indiana. From there it angled northeasterly to LaPorte and on across southern Michigan -- passing through or near Niles, Three Rivers, Jonesville, Clinton and Ypsilanti -- to Detroit.

12

The Hunter Skills Trail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

muzzle control, loading and unloading guns, field carries, and other basic skills. The skills trail allows students of all abilities to experience a variety of hunting situations, not just ones with which they are familiar. The objective is to motivate... be ordered from the N. R. A. (see references). Cardboard targets also are available through retail stores. Soft decoys work well for turkey and dove scenarios. Firearms: Operational firearms can be used, but only if no live ammunition is available. Guns...

Trail, Tamara; Hysmith, Larry; Harmel-Garza, Denise

2001-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

13

Boundary element simulation of oscillating foil with leading-edge separation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we develop a numerical model to account for the leading-edge separation for the boundary element simulation of the oscillating foil with potential flow assumption. Similar to the trailing-edge separation, ...

Dong, Xiaoxia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Pioneer Trail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trail Trail Jump to: navigation, search Name Pioneer Trail Facility Pioneer Trail Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner E.ON Climate & Renewables North America Developer E.ON Climate & Renewables North America Energy Purchaser Prairie Power Inc / Wabash Valley / SIPC Location Paxton IL Coordinates 40.46490704°, -88.05434704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.46490704,"lon":-88.05434704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies W. M. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico S. Winiecki University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois Introduction Images and surface temperature measurements from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Multi- spectral Thermal Imaging (MTI) satellite are combined with geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) images during 2000 and 2001 to better understand cloud trail formation characteristics from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site. Figure 1 shows a comparison on two consecutive days in December 2000. The day for which a cloud trail developed was more moist and cooler at the altitude the cloud developed (about 600 m) and there was very little

16

Settler's Trail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Settler's Trail Settler's Trail Jump to: navigation, search Name Settler's Trail Facility Settler's Trail Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner E.ON Climate & Renewables North America Developer E.ON Climate & Renewables North America Energy Purchaser Merchant Location Sheldon IL Coordinates 40.7626336°, -87.54498482° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7626336,"lon":-87.54498482,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Taking Care of our Trails  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(505) 667-0216 Email Vi Screen reader users: click here for plain HTML Go to Google Maps Home http:environweb.lanl.govwaterlanl-trail-map.kmz?rev323626252346 Loading......

18

Contractions, deformations and curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of curvature in relation with Lie algebra contractions of the pseudo-ortogonal algebras so(p,q) is fully described by considering some associated symmetrical homogeneous spaces of constant curvature within a Cayley-Klein framework. We show that a given Lie algebra contraction can be interpreted geometrically as the zero-curvature limit of some underlying homogeneous space with constant curvature. In particular, we study in detail the contraction process for the three classical Riemannian spaces (spherical, Euclidean, hyperbolic), three non-relativistic (Newtonian) spacetimes and three relativistic ((anti-)de Sitter and Minkowskian) spacetimes. Next, from a different perspective, we make use of quantum deformations of Lie algebras in order to construct a family of spaces of non-constant curvature that can be interpreted as deformations of the above nine spaces. In this framework, the quantum deformation parameter is identified as the parameter that controls the curvature of such "quantum" spaces.

Angel Ballesteros; Francisco J. Herranz; Orlando Ragnisco; Mariano Santander

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.

Quandt, G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

SCHROTH INTERPRETIVE TRAIL DEMONSTRATION PRAIRIE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(SCULPTURE) KEY 3.0 mi/68 min 2.4 mi/53 min 2.2 mi/49 min 1.1 mi/25 min 2.1 mi/48 min 2.6 mi/59 min 0.8 mi/19 min Total 14.2 mi/5.5 hrs approximate distance/time HIKING TRAILS MAP Named one of the 7 Wonders

Frank, Thomas D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Road and Trail Inventory Goal: map all of the legal and illegal existing roads and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Car, 2WD, 4WD, ORV Trail marking None, Good, Fair, Poor Paved public road Forest road/trail Trail Other (power line) A trail in REALLY poor condition! #12;3/2/2011 3 Road and Trail Point Data Collected Water Hole Trail Sign/Kiosk Trail Structure Trail Damage Trail Stream Crossing ROW Crossing Stone Wall

Schweik, Charles M.

22

World class recreation complements cutting-edge science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

World class recreation complements cutting-edge science World class recreation complements cutting-edge science World class recreation complements cutting-edge science Los Alamos employees enjoy access to a network of 100+ miles of high-quality trails, much of it within walking distance from key Lab facilities or from residents' front doors. April 3, 2012 Bikers (and LANL Postdocs) Brent and Pam in Los Alamos canyon riding hard on the trail Bikers (and LANL Postdocs) Brent and Pam in Los Alamos canyon riding hard on the trail. Hikers, mountain bikers, joggers, and dog walkers can wind through thick forest, cross deep canyons or meander along picturesque mesas within city limits. All work and no play makes J. Robert Oppenheimer a dull boy Perhaps the importance of a good quality of life is why Oppie insisted that

23

HypTrails: A Bayesian Approach for Comparing Hypotheses about Human Trails  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When users interact with the Web today, they leave sequential digital trails on a massive scale. Examples of such human trails include Web navigation, sequences of online restaurant reviews, or online music play lists. Understanding the factors that drive the production of these trails can be useful for e.g., improving underlying network structures, predicting user clicks or enhancing recommendations. In this work, we present a general approach called HypTrails for comparing a set of hypotheses about human trails on the Web, where hypotheses represent beliefs about transitions between states. Our approach utilizes Markov chain models with Bayesian inference. The main idea is to incorporate hypotheses as informative Dirichlet priors and to leverage the sensitivity of Bayes factors on the prior for comparing hypotheses with each other. For eliciting Dirichlet priors from hypotheses, we present an adaption of the so-called (trial) roulette method. We demonstrate the general mechanics and applicability of HypTrai...

Singer, Philipp; Hotho, Andreas; Strohmaier, Markus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

National Trail Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Trail Biodiesel National Trail Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name National Trail Biodiesel Place Newton, Illinois Zip 62448 Product Owner of a planned 30m gallon per year biodiesel plant in Jasper County, Illinois. Coordinates 43.996685°, -87.803724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.996685,"lon":-87.803724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

Energy saving through trail following in a marine snail  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...7 May 2007 research-article Energy saving through trail following in a marine...trail as originally laid. Maximum energy saving occurs when following recently...following have been proposed. Energy saving is the only role that applies...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY Westcott Art Trail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2013 SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY 1 Westcott Art Trail 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Westcott Art Trail Syracuse Chiefs Game Taste of Syracuse Syracuse Chiefs Game Taste of Syracuse: 10:00 AM ­ 6:00 PM MAY-NOVEMBER WESTCOTT ART TRAIL 10 AM - 5 PM SAT & SUN HTTP

Mather, Patrick T.

27

Graph Algorithms Edge Coloring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Perfect Matching Graph Algorithms 6 #12;Edge Covering An edge covering, EC E, is a set of edges #12;Example: Edge Covering Graph Algorithms 8 #12;Example: Minimal Edge Covering Graph Algorithms 9 #12;Example: Minimum Size Edge Covering Graph Algorithms 10 #12;Matching and Edge Covering Definition

Bar-Noy, Amotz

28

Modelling the evolution of human trail systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Many human social phenomena, such as cooperation, the growth of settlements, traffic dynamics and pedestrian movement, appear to be accessible to mathematical descriptions that invoke self-organization. Here we ... be accessible to mathematical descriptions that invoke self-organization. Here we develop a model of pedestrian motion to explore the evolution of trails in urban green spaces such as parks. ...

Dirk Helbing; Joachim Keltsch; Pter Molnr

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

29

Stochastic Motion by Mean Curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion by mean curvature, in which the normal velocity of the interface simply equals its ... where H n?1 denotes the Hausdorff (n ? 1)-dimensional measure and h is the ..... following notations which are standard in geometric measure theory:...

Springer Verlag Heidelberg #4 2048 1996 Dec 15 10:16:45

1998-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

30

Trail Canyon Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trail Canyon Geothermal Project Trail Canyon Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 38.325555555556°, -114.29388888889° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.325555555556,"lon":-114.29388888889,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

31

Oregon Trail Wind Park | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Park Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Trail Wind Park Facility Oregon Trail Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Exergy Developer Exergy Energy Purchaser Idaho Power / Reunion Power Location Twin Falls County ID Coordinates 42.927683°, -114.919252° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.927683,"lon":-114.919252,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

32

Magnetic Curvature-Drift Instability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new fluid instability has been discovered which arises from the coupling of the drifttearing mode at the diamagnetic frequency with a mode with a velocity just below the curvature drift velocity. This mode, which can also be destabilized by cross-field transport, is unstable over a wide range of conditions and mode numbers for reversed-field pinches or spheromaks.

John M. Finn and J. F. Drake

1984-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

33

THE SCREAMING DOWNHILL THE BOARDMAN TRAIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! Nodogsallowedwithintwenty-five feetofgroomedtrails. Noexceptions! Scale = 1:10,000 10 cm = 1 km 6.3 in = 1 mi Contour Interval: 5 meters, Index Interval: 25 meters 0 km 0.2 km 0.4 km 0.6 km 0.8 km 1 km 0 mi 0.1 mi 0.2 mi 0.3 mi 0.4 mi 0.5 mi 0.6 mi Oak Hill Trail Profiles Horizontal Scale = 1:50,000 Vertical Scale = 1

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates trail-induced apoptosis Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

attenuates trail-induced apoptosis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Combining naturally occurring polyphenols with TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL): a promising approach...

35

R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx Western Area Power Administration Sierra Nevada Region CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DETERMINATION Project Number 100101 Integral Elements Project Title: Eastshore Trail Construction Category of Action: B4.9 Grant or denial of requests for multiple-use of a transmission facility rights-of-way, such as grazing permits and crossing agreements, including electric lines, water lines and drainage culverts. Regulatory Requirements for a Categorical Exclusion Determination: The Department of Energy (DOE), National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Procedures, 10 CFR 1021.410(b) require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically excluded (see full text in

36

R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx Western Area Power Administration Sierra Nevada Region CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DETERMINATION Project Number 100101 Integral Elements Project Title: Eastshore Trail Construction Category of Action: B4.9 Grant or denial of requests for multiple-use of a transmission facility rights-of-way, such as grazing permits and crossing agreements, including electric lines, water lines and drainage culverts. Regulatory Requirements for a Categorical Exclusion Determination: The Department of Energy (DOE), National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Procedures, 10 CFR 1021.410(b) require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically excluded (see full text in

37

R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx R:\Groups\ENVIRO\Work Requests\2010\Misc\100101_Eastshore Trail\100101_Eastshore Trail Construction CX.docx Western Area Power Administration Sierra Nevada Region CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DETERMINATION Project Number 100101 Integral Elements Project Title: Eastshore Trail Construction Category of Action: B4.9 Grant or denial of requests for multiple-use of a transmission facility rights-of-way, such as grazing permits and crossing agreements, including electric lines, water lines and drainage culverts. Regulatory Requirements for a Categorical Exclusion Determination: The Department of Energy (DOE), National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Procedures, 10 CFR 1021.410(b) require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically excluded (see full text in

38

Nuclear curvature energy in relativistic models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The difficulties arising in the calculation of the nuclear curvature energy are analyzed in detail, especially with reference to relativistic models. It is underlined that the implicit dependence on curvature of the quantal wave functions is directly accessible only in a semiclassical framework. It is shown that also in the relativistic models quantal and semiclassical calculations of the curvature energy are in good agreement. 1996 The American Physical Society.

M. Centelles; X. Vias; P. Schuck

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Oregon Trail Mushrooms Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon Trail Mushrooms Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Oregon Trail Mushrooms Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Trail Mushrooms Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Oregon Trail Mushrooms Sector Geothermal energy Type Industrial Location Vale, Oregon Coordinates 43.9821055°, -117.2382311° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

40

Investigation of the Effect of Deformable Trailing Edge Geometry Control Systems on Flutter Velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

direction at most wind speeds. Recent work has shown a big potential of fatigue load reduction using systems on the wind turbines [4, 5]. Regarding the stability of wind turbine wings, Lobitz [6] concluded to the outer section son a PRVS wind turbine. The structural model is a linear spring/damper system

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Gross separation approaching a blunt trailing edge as the turbulence intensity increases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...also the central one in [11], which does not allow for a solution confirming consistency...15). The strategy to solve (4.4) does not impose any strong restrictions on U...Boisvert, and CW Clark (eds) 2010 NIST handbook of mathematical functions. National Institute...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Curvature effects in vesicle-particle interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...we conclude that the principal curvatures mutually exchange, whereas the geodesic curvatures of the principal directions are rede ned as g1 = g2, g2 = g1. Moreover, 11 = rs 1 e 1 = 22; 21 = 12; 12 = 21 22 = 11: Hence, substituting into (3.16...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

SRNL is Hot on the [Fungi] Trail | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SRNL is Hot on the [Fungi] Trail SRNL is Hot on the [Fungi] Trail SRNL is Hot on the [Fungi] Trail August 6, 2010 - 9:20am Addthis Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs "Mold research" is probably not the most glamorous sounding job out there. While some types of mold are good - cultured molds are used in food production and a variety of medications are derived from mold - many common household molds are your basic "gross" variety: not only a nuisance to clean up but hazardous to your health. Unfortunately, with recent national disasters and flooding events across the country, more and more families are dealing with these damaging molds on a regular basis - creating a need to identify the most toxic mold types, determine the best

44

Black hole entropy and higher curvature interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general formula for the entropy of stationary black holes in Lovelock higher-curvature gravity theories is obtained by integrating the first law of black hole mechanics, which is derived by Hamiltonian methods. The entropy is not simply one quarter of the surface area of the horizon, but also includes a sum of intrinsic curvature invariants integrated over a cross section of the horizon.

Ted Jacobson and Robert C. Myers

1993-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

45

Mining, Modeling, and Analyzing Real-Time Social Trails  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time social trails that reflect the digital footprints of crowds of real-time web users in response to real-world events or online phenomena. These digital footprints correspond to the artifacts strewn across the real-time web like posting of messages...

Kamath, Krishna Y

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

46

Leading and Trailing Anvil Clouds of West African Squall Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The anvil clouds of tropical squall-line systems over West Africa have been examined using cloud radar data and divided into those that appear ahead of the leading convective line and those on the trailing side of the system. The leading anvils ...

Jasmine Cetrone; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The Prognostic Value of TRAIL and its Death Receptors in Cervical Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Preclinical data indicate a synergistic effect on apoptosis between irradiation and recombinant human (rh) tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL), making the TRAIL death receptors (DR) interesting drug targets. The aim of our study was to analyze the expression of DR4, DR5, and TRAIL in cervical cancer and to determine their predictive and prognostic value. Methods and Materials: Tissue microarrays were constructed from tumors of 645 cervical cancer patients treated with surgery and/or (chemo-)radiation between 1980 and 2004. DR4, DR5, and TRAIL expression in the tumor was studied by immunohistochemistry and correlated to clinicopathological variables, response to radiotherapy, and disease-specific survival. Results: Cytoplasmatic DR4, DR5, and TRAIL immunostaining were observed in cervical tumors from 99%, 88%, and 81% of the patients, respectively. In patients treated primarily with radiotherapy, TRAIL-positive tumors less frequently obtained a pathological complete response than TRAIL-negative tumors (66.3% vs. 79.0 %; in multivariate analysis: odds ratio: 2.09, p {<=}0.05). DR4, DR5, and TRAIL expression were not prognostic for disease-specific survival. Conclusions: Immunostaining for DR4, DR5, and TRAIL is frequently observed in the cytoplasm of tumor cells in cervical cancer patients. Absence of TRAIL expression was associated with a higher pathological complete response rate to radiotherapy. DR4, DR5, or TRAIL were not prognostic for disease-specific survival.

Maduro, John H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)], E-mail: j.h.maduro@rt.umcg.nl; Noordhuis, Maartje G.; Hoor, Klaske A. ten [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Pras, Elisabeth [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Arts, Henriette J.G.; Eijsink, Jasper J.H. [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Hollema, Harry [Department of Pathology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Mom, Constantijne H. [Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Jong, Steven de; Vries, Elisabeth G.E. de [Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Bock, Geertruida H. de [Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Zee, Ate G.J. van der [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

BLACK HOLE ENTROPY IN HIGHER CURVATURE GRAVITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some recent results on black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher-curvature interactions. Wald's derivation of the First Law demonstrates that black hole entropy can always be expressed as a local geometric density integrated over a space-like cross-section of the horizon. In certain cases, it can also be shown that these entropy expressions satisfy a Second Law. One such simple example is considered from the class of higher curvature theories where the Lagrangian consists of a polynomial in the Ricci scalar.

TED JACOBSON; GUNGWON KANG; ROBERT C. MYERS

1995-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Space-time Curvature of Classical Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The space-time curvature carried by electromagnetic fields is discovered and a new unification of geometry and electromagnetism is found. Curvature is invariant under charge reversal symmetry. Electromagnetic field equations are examined with De Rham co homology theory. Radiative electromagnetic fields must be exact and co exact to preclude unobserved massless topological charges. Weyl's conformal tensor, here called ``the gravitational field'', is decomposed into a divergence-free non-local piece with support everywhere and a local piece with the same support as the matter. By tuning a local gravitational field to a Maxwell field the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field is discovered. This gravitational field carries the electromagnetic field's polarization or phase information, unlike Maxwell's stress-energy tensor. The unification assumes Einstein's equations and derives Maxwell's equations from curvature assumptions. Gravity forbids magnetic monopoles! This unification is stronger than the Einstein-Maxwell equations alone, as those equations must produce the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field and not just any conformal tensor. Charged black holes are examples. Curvature of radiative null electromagnetic fields is characterized.

R. W. M. Woodside

2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

50

Microsoft Word - HighlandsTrail_CX_2011.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

December 21, 2011 December 21, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Dawneen Dostert Project Manager - TERR-LMT Proposed Action: Grant a request by the City of Longview, Washington to build the Highlands Trail in the Longview-Cowlitz No. 1 transmission line right-of-way Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.9 - Multiple use of powerline rights-of-way Location: Longview, Cowlitz County, Washington Township 7N, Range 2W, Sections 5 and 6 Township 8N, Range 2W, Section 32 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to grant a multiple use request submitted by the City of Longview, Washington, to construct a paved recreational trail (the Highland

51

Beechwood Trails, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beechwood Trails, Ohio: Energy Resources Beechwood Trails, Ohio: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.0236747°, -82.6507218° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0236747,"lon":-82.6507218,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

Observations of Edge Turbulence  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Edge Turbulence Edge Turbulence near the X-point of Alcator C-Mod APS-2007 (1) J.L. Terry, S.J. Zweben*, B. LaBombard, I. Cziegler, O. Grulke + , D.P. Stotler* MIT - Plasma Science and Fusion Center *Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory + MPI for Plasma Physics, EURATOM Assoc., Greifswald, Germany American Physical Society - Div. of Plasma Physics Orlando, FL Nov. 12 - Nov. 16, 2007 APS-2007 (2) Background and Motivation for "Xpt-region" View Strong edge turbulence has been observed in nearly all magnetic confinement devices. Desire predictive capability Most previous measurements made near outboard midplane where the turbulence has the following main features: - generation is ballooning-like (absent at inboard midplane, etc.) - filaments/blobs moves radially outward with some poloidal motion

53

DNA Origami with Complex Curvatures in Three-Dimensional Space  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DNA Origami with Complex Curvatures in Three-Dimensional Space Authors: Han, D., Pal, S., Nangreave, J., Deng, Z., Liu, Y., and Yan, H. Title: DNA Origami with Complex Curvatures...

54

Modified Curvatures on Manifolds with Boundary and Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To study the reflecting diffusion processes on manifolds with boundary, some new curvature operators are introduced by using the Bakry-Emery curvature and the second fundamental form. As applications, the grad...

Feng-Yu Wang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Coupled quintessence and curvature-assisted acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatially homogeneous models with a scalar field non-minimally coupled to the space-time curvature or to the ordinary matter content are analysed with respect to late-time asymptotic behaviour, in particular to accelerated expansion and isotropization. It is found that a direct coupling to the curvature leads to asymptotic de Sitter expansion in arbitrary exponential potentials, thus yielding a positive cosmological constant although none is apparent in the potential. This holds true regardless of the steepness of the potential or the smallness of the coupling constant. For matter-coupled scalar fields, the asymptotics are obtained for a large class of positive potentials, generalizing the well-known cosmic no-hair theorems for minimal coupling. In this case it is observed that the direct coupling to matter does not impact the late-time dynamics essentially.

Bieli, R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Mapping My Ancestors Footsteps: Historical GIS and the Trail of Tears  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Research) - Bill Jones, Shirley Lawrence, Doris Tate Trevino and Floyd Ayers ? Tennessee Trails and Greenways Mr. Robert Richards ? National Park Service ? And especially the Haskell GIS Lab Mr. RJ Rowley Historical Map Sources: University of Alabama... The Trail Where They Cried Digitizing the Northern Route of the Cherokee Removal through Tennessee By Deborah Kirk Haskell GIS LabPainting by Robert Lindneux 1942 ROUTE OF THE TRAIL OF TEARS Images from Historic Archive...

Kirk, Deborah Lyn

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

The rhetoric of Nuna Dual Tsuny : retelling the Cherokee Trail of Tears.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??"This dissertation discusses ways to examine historical events such as the Cherokee Trail of Tears through various rhetorical lenses and scrutinizes how to negotiate meaning (more)

Nixon-Auguste, Nicol

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Informal and Formal Legitimation of State-Sponsored Force in the Cherokee Trail of Tears.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Cherokee Trail of Tears offers important historical insights and a novel sociological case through which to understand how the use of military force is (more)

Davis, James Jordan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - apoptosis-inducing ligand trail-induced...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 3 Combining naturally occurring polyphenols with TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL): a promising approach...

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - augments trail-mediated apoptosis Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 3 Combining naturally occurring polyphenols with TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL): a promising approach...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Softening of edges of solids by surface tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface tension tends to minimize the area of interfaces between pieces of matter in different thermodynamic phases, be they in the solid or the liquid state. This can be relevant for the macroscopic shape of very soft solids, and lead to a roughening of initially sharp edges. We calculate this effect for a neo-Hookean elastic solid, with assumptions corresponding to actual experiments, namely the case where an initially sharp edge is rounded by the effect of surface tension felt when the fluid surrounding the soft solid (and so surface tension) is changed at the solid/liquid boundary. We consider two opposite limits where the analysis can be carried to the end, the one of a shallow angle and the one of a very sharp angle. Both cases yield a discontinuity of curvature in the state with surface tension although the initial state had a discontinuous slope.

Serge Mora; Yves Pomeau

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

62

Modeling the environmental suitability of recreational trails in the Sam Houston National Forest: an application of spatial technologies and the universal soil loss equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suitability will be higher than that measured in areas of high suitability. CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY Trail Inventory The first phase of this study involved a GPS inventory of ORV trails in the Sam Houston National Forest. Although these trails... suitability will be higher than that measured in areas of high suitability. CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY Trail Inventory The first phase of this study involved a GPS inventory of ORV trails in the Sam Houston National Forest. Although these trails...

Holzer, Damon Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

63

Inverted catenoids, curvature singularities and tethered membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If a catenoid is inverted in any interior point, a deflated compact geometry is obtained which touches at two points (its poles). The catenoid is a minimal surface and, as such, is an equilibrium shape of a symmetric fluid membrane. The conformal symmetry of the Hamiltonian implies that inverted minimal surfaces are also equilibrium shapes. However, they exhibit curvature singularities at their poles. These singularities are associated with external forces pulling the poles together. Unlike the catenoid which is free of stress, there will be stress within the inverted shapes. If the surface area is fixed, reducing the external force induces a transition from a discocyte to a cup-shaped stomatocyte.

Pavel Castro-Villarreal; Jemal Guven

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

64

Higher curvature gravity at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate brane-world models in different viable F(R) gravity theories where the Lagrangian is an arbitrary function of the curvature scalar. Deriving the warped metric for this model, resembling Randal-Sundrum (RS)-like solutions, we determine the graviton KK modes. The recent observations at the LHC, which constrain the RS graviton KK modes to a mass range greater than 3TeV, are incompatible with RS model predictions. It is shown that the models with F(R) gravity in the bulk address the issue, which in turn constrains the F(R) model itself.

Sumanta Chakraborty and Soumitra SenGupta

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

65

Higher curvature gravity at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate brane-world models in different viable $F(R)$ gravity theories where the Lagrangian is an arbitrary function of the curvature scalar. Deriving the warped metric for this model, resembling Randal-Sundrum (RS) like solutions, we determine the graviton KK modes. The recent observations at the LHC, which constrain the RS graviton KK modes to a mass range greater than 3 TeV, are incompatible to RS model predictions. It is shown that the models with $F(R)$ gravity in the bulk address the issue which in turn constrains the $F(R)$ model itself.

Sumanta Chakraborty; Soumitra SenGupta

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

66

Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Los Alamos National Laboratory Trails Management Program, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

31 31 Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Los Alamos National Laboratory Trails Management Program, Los Alamos, New Mexico September 2, 2003 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Environmental Assessment for the Proposed LANL Trails Management Program DOE LASO September 2, 2003 iii Contents Acronyms and Terms................................................................................................................................vii Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................................ix 1.0 Purpose and Need ..............................................................................................................................1

67

Moors Valley Play Trail Moors Valley Country Park is a very popular attraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

visitors to Moors Valley Country Park use the play trail. · Sport England's South West Regional PlanMoors Valley Play Trail objectives Moors Valley Country Park is a very popular attraction welcoming more than 750,000 visitors a year. Ranked in the top 20 national attractions Moors Valley is deemed

68

Ship trail/cloud dynamic effects from Apollo-Soyuz photograph July 16, 1975  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe in this paper the results of a preliminary analysis of a ship trail photograph taken by the Apollo-Soyuz crew at 22:21 GMT on 16 July 1975. The photograph was taken from an altitude of 174 km and shows three separate ship trails with two of the trails intersecting. Because these photographs were taken from a non-geosynchronous satellite with a high-resolution camera, the quality of the photograph provides more detail than is usually obtained from meteorological satellites (minimum spatial resolution 14 m compared to 57 m from Landsat). The photograph not only shows enhanced detail of the ship trails themselves, but also cloud free bands generated by the ship trails. The ship trails have maximum photographed widths of 3--6 km. These cloud free bands are an obvious indication of the importance of ship trail cloud dynamics to ship trial development. These cloud dynamical effects are driven both by the initial energy release of the ship's power plant and by latent heat release from the aerosol nucleation process. Since the aerosol nucleation process is the key to understanding ocean aerosol/cloud interactions, it is important to partition these two processes in the ship trial development. We will describe in this paper preliminary numerical modeling efforts to simulate the ship trails using only the energy release from the ship and thereby give an indication of how much more energy input may be required from the nucleation process. 12 refs., 6 figs.

Porch, W.M.; Kao, Chih-yue J.; Kyle, T.G.; Kelley, R.G. Jr.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Anim. Behav., 1996, 51, 765771 Use of foraging trails by Norway rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was affected by the number of times it had been traversed by a rat on its way to and from food, but not by the amount of food a rat ate before depositing a trail. There was no evidence that trails contained information that would allow a rat to move directly towards food rather than directly away from it. Possible

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

70

Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey with side parking to an off-road bicycle trail, with smaller changes associated with less dramatic improvements. ? 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Bicycling; Stated preference; Adaptive stated

Levinson, David M.

71

On the curvature of the present-day Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the effect of curvature and matter inhomogeneities on the averaged scalar curvature of the present-day Universe. Motivated by studies of averaged inhomogeneous cosmologies, we contemplate on the question whether it is sensible to assume that curvature averages out on some scale of homogeneity, as implied by the standard concordance model of cosmology, or whether the averaged scalar curvature can be largely negative today, as required for an explanation of Dark Energy from inhomogeneities. We confront both conjectures with a detailed analysis of the kinematical backreaction term and estimate its strength for a multi-scale inhomogeneous matter and curvature distribution. Our main result is a formula for the spatially averaged scalar curvature involving quantities that are all measurable on regional (i.e. up to 100 Mpc) scales. We propose strategies to quantitatively evaluate the formula, and pinpoint the assumptions implied by the conjecture of a small or zero averaged curvature. We reach the conclusion that the standard concordance model needs fine-tuning in the sense of an assumed equipartition law for curvature in order to reconcile it with the estimated properties of the averaged physical space, whereas a negative averaged curvature is favoured, independent of the prior on the value of the cosmological constant.

Thomas Buchert; Mauro Carfora

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Microsoft Word - THPRD-Westside-Trail-CX.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

25, 2011 25, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Shelley Fenton Realty Specialist - TERR-3 Proposed Action: Tualatin Hills Park and Recreation District request for use of right-of-way (ROW) for Westside Trail Budget Information: Work Order 00184006, Task 1 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.9: Grant or denial of requests for multiple use of a transmission facility rights-of-way... Location: Beaverton, Washington County, Oregon Sections 4 and 5, Township 2 South, Range 1 West Sections 20, 29 and 32, Township 1 South, Range 1 West Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration Description of the Proposed Action: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to grant a

73

Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cons Coop, Inc Cons Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc Place Oregon Utility Id 14109 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Farm and Residential, Schedule R1 Residential Irrigation 17kW or less, Schedule IR Industrial Irrigation exceeding 17kW, Schedule IR Industrial Large Commercial, Schedule G2 Commercial Large Power, Schedule LP Industrial Mercury Vapor 175W (65kWh) Area Light, Schedule AL Lighting

74

Persistent Source Influences on the Trailing Edge of a Groundwater Plume, and Natural Attenuation Timeframes: The F-Area Savannah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

number of deep boreholes were drilled to determine the current plume characteristics. A mixing model attenuation timeframes. INTRODUCTION Past disposal of large volumes of wastewaters at mining, weapons, Pb, Cd, Cr, and As. Large quantities of HNO3 and NaOH were also discharged into the basins

Hubbard, Susan

75

Anthropogenic refugia ameliorate the severe climate-related decline of a montane mammal along its trailing edge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Identifying both artificial and natural refugia that are buffered...projections based on greenhouse gas emissions within the scope...elevation and is lower in natural sites (grey dots and...climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant...randomforest package. R News 2, 18-22. 39 Hothorn...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

River Edge Redevelopment Zone (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of the River Edge Redevelopment Program is to revive and redevelop environmentally challenged properties adjacent to rivers in Illinois.

77

Driving Membrane Curvature | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unlocking the Nanoscale Secrets of Bird-Feather Colors Unlocking the Nanoscale Secrets of Bird-Feather Colors An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity How to Make a Splash Pressure-Tuning the Quantum Phase Transition in a Model 2-D Magnet Reappearing Superconductivity Surprises Scientists Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Driving Membrane Curvature JUNE 14, 2012 Bookmark and Share Model of conformational change in the HIV gp41 fusion protein induced by cholesterol composition of lipid monolayers. In biological systems, membranes are as important as water. They form the barrier between the inner world, within our cells, where we perform the chemical reactions of life, and the outside environment.

78

Edge-edge interactions in stacked graphene nanoplatelets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) studies show the dynamics of small graphene platelets on larger graphene layers. The platelets move nearly freely to eventually lock in at well-defined positions close to the edges of the larger underlying graphene sheet. While such movement is driven by a shallow potential energy surface described by an interplane interaction, the lock-in position occurs by via edge-edge interactions of the platelet and the graphene surface located underneath. Here we quantitatively study this behavior using van der Waals density functional calculations. Local interactions at the open edges are found to dictate stacking configurations that are different from Bernal (AB) stacking. These stacking configurations are known to be otherwise absent in edge-free two-dimensional (2D) graphene. The results explain the experimentally observed platelet dynamics and provide a detailed account of the new electronic properties of these combined systems.

Cruz Silva, Eduardo [ORNL; Terrones Maldonado, Humberto [ORNL; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio [ORNL; Jia, Xiaoting [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Dresselhaus, M [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Meunier, V. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Polarized Curvature Radiation in Pulsar Magnetosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The propagation of polarized emission in pulsar magnetosphere is investigated in this paper. The polarized waves are generated through curvature radiation from the relativistic particles streaming along curved magnetic field lines and co-rotating with the pulsar magnetosphere. Within the 1/{\\deg} emission cone, the waves can be divided into two natural wave mode components, the ordinary (O) mode and the extraord nary (X) mode, with comparable intensities. Both components propagate separately in magnetosphere, and are aligned within the cone by adiabatic walking. The refraction of O-mode makes the two components separated and incoherent. The detectable emission at a given height and a given rotation phase consists of incoherent X-mode and O-mode components coming from discrete emission regions. For four particle-density models in the form of uniformity, cone, core and patches, we calculate the intensities for each mode numerically within the entire pulsar beam. If the co-rotation of relativistic particles with magnetosphere is not considered, the intensity distributions for the X-mode and O-mode components are quite similar within the pulsar beam, which causes serious depolarization. However, if the co-rotation of relativistic particles is considered, the intensity distributions of the two modes are very different, and the net polarization of out-coming emission should be significant. Our numerical results are compared with observations, and can naturally explain the orthogonal polarization modes of some pulsars. Strong linear polarizations of some parts of pulsar profile can be reproduced by curvature radiation and subsequent propagation effect.

P. F. Wang; C. Wang; J. L. Han

2014-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

80

Curvature Dependency of Surface Tension in Multicomponent Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curvature Dependency of Surface Tension in Multicomponent Systems Erik Santiso Dept. of Chemical InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). The effect of curvature on the surface tension of droplets for multicomponent systems, the relation between the surface tension at the surface of tension and the distance

Firoozabadi, Abbas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Glenn Seaborg Trail | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Glenn Seaborg Trail Glenn Seaborg Trail Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Staff Organization Chart .pdf file (51KB) BES Budget BES Committees of Visitors Directions Jobs Organizational History Germantown Natural History President Kennedy's AEC Briefings Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » Germantown Natural History Glenn Seaborg Trail Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Images of the Glenn Seaborg Trail Old Tree | Creek | Tall Tree | Forest Floor | Ferns | Tranquil Spot |

82

Rails-to-trails Conversions in Oklahoma: Politics, Practices and Future.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study was designed to review the historical issues associated with the State of Oklahoma and the development of a long distance rail-to-trail conversion during (more)

Cowan, Jerel Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Meteor trail diffusion and fields: 1. Simulations Y. S. Dimant and M. M. Oppenheim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteor trail diffusion and fields: 1. Simulations Y. S. Dimant and M. M. Oppenheim Center for Space points close to perpendicular to the geomagnetic field [Chapin and Kudeki, 1994; Oppenheim et al., 2000

Oppenheim, Meers

84

Antbots: A Feasible Visual Emulation of Pheromone Trails for Swarm Robots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present an experimental setup to model the pheromone trail based foraging behaviour of ants using a special phosphorescent glowing paint. We have built two custom addons for the e-puck robot that...

Ralf Mayet; Jonathan Roberz; Thomas Schmickl; Karl Crailsheim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Glenn Seaborg Trail | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

| Creek | Tall Tree | Forest Floor | Ferns | Tranquil Spot | Bridge Old Tree A large white oak along the Seaborg Trail that is estimated to date to the 1750's. A study of the...

86

Final External Peer Review Report for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final External Peer Review Report for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report By Battelle......................................................................................... 1 1.2 Purpose of External Peer Review......................................................................................................... 2 2.2 Identification and Selection of External Peer Reviewers

US Army Corps of Engineers

87

On 3-gauge transformations, 3-curvatures, and Gray-categories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the 3-gauge theory, a 3-connection is given by a 1-form A valued in the Lie algebra g, a 2-form B valued in the Lie algebra h, and a 3-form C valued in the Lie algebra l, where (g,h,l) constitutes a differential 2-crossed module. We give the 3-gauge transformations from one 3-connection to another, and show the transformation formulae of the 1-curvature 2-form, the 2-curvature 3-form, and the 3-curvature 4-form. The gauge configurations can be interpreted as smooth Gray-functors between two Gray 3-groupoids: the path 3-groupoid P{sub 3}(X) and the 3-gauge group G{sup L} associated to the 2-crossed module L, whose differential is (g,h,l). The derivatives of Gray-functors are 3-connections, and the derivatives of lax-natural transformations between two such Gray-functors are 3-gauge transformations. We give the 3-dimensional holonomy, the lattice version of the 3-curvature, whose derivative gives the 3-curvature 4-form. The covariance of 3-curvatures easily follows from this construction. This Gray-categorical construction explains why 3-gauge transformations and 3-curvatures have the given forms. The interchanging 3-arrows are responsible for the appearance of terms with the Peiffer commutator (, )

Wang, Wei, E-mail: wwang@zju.edu.cn [Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang 310027 (China)] [Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang 310027 (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

BICEP2, the curvature perturbation and supersymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The tensor fraction $r\\simeq 0.16$ found by BICEP2 corresponds to a Hubble parameter $H\\simeq 1.0\\times 10^{14}\\GeV$ during inflation. This has two implications for the (single-field) slow-roll inflation hypothesis. First, the inflaton perturbation must account for much more than $10\\%$ of the curvature perturbation $\\zeta$, which barring fine-tuning means that it accounts for practically all of it. It follows that a curvaton-like mechanism for generating $\\zeta$ requires an alternative to slow roll such as k-inflation. Second, accepting slow-roll inflation, the excursion of the inflaton field is at least of order Planck scale. As a result, the flatness of the inflaton presumably requires a shift symmetry. I point out that if such is the case, the resulting potential is likely to have at least approximately the quadratic form suggested in 1983 by Linde, which is known to be compatible with the observed $r$ as well as the observed spectral index $\

David H. Lyth

2014-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

89

Geometry-specific scaling of detonation parameters from front curvature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has previously been asserted that classical detonation curvature theory predicts that the critical diameter and the diameter-effect curve of a cylindrical high-explosive charge should scale with twice the thickness of an analogous two-dimensional explosive slab. The varied agreement of experimental results with this expectation have led some to question the ability of curvature-based concepts to predict detonation propagation in non-ideal explosives. This study addresses such claims by showing that the expected scaling relationship (hereafter referred to d = 2w) is not consistent with curvature-based Detonation Shock Dynamics (DSD) theory.

Jackson, Scott I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Short, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

Dimensional curvature identities on pseudo-Riemannian geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The curvature tensor of a pseudo-Riemannian metric, and its covariant derivatives, satisfy certain identities that hold on any manifold of dimension less or equal than $n$. In this paper, we re-elaborate recent results by Gilkey-Park-Sekigawa regarding $p$-covariant dimensional curvature identities, for $p=0,2$. To this end, we use the classical theory of natural operations, that allows us to simplify some arguments and to generalize the description of Gilkey-Park-Sekigawa. Thus, our main result describes the first space of $p$-covariant dimensional curvature identities, for any even $p$.

Alberto Navarro; Jose Navarro

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

91

PACKING DIGRAPHS WITH DIRECTED CLOSED TRAILS PAUL BALISTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2001] that if n is odd and m1, . . . , mt are integers with mi 3 and t i=1 mi = |E(Kn)| then Kn can whenever mi 2 and mi = |E( Kn)|, except for the single case when n = 6 and all mi = 3. We also show: Theorem 1.1. If t i=1 mi = n(n - 1) and mi 2 for i = 1, . . . , t then Kn can be decomposed as the edge

Balister, Paul

92

The possible influence of curvature and rotation on ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent laboratory investigations have shown that rotation and (streamwise) curvature can have spectacular effects on momentum transport in turbulent shear flows. A simple model that takes account of these effects...

R Narasimha

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Resistive edge mode instability in stellarator and tokamak geometries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geometrical effects on linear stability of electrostatic resistive edge modes are investigated in the three-dimensional Wendelstein 7-X stellarator [G. Grieger et al., Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1990 (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1991), Vol. 3, p. 525] and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor [Progress in the ITER Physics Basis, Nucl. Fusion 7, S1, S285 (2007)]-like equilibria. An advanced fluid model is used for the ions together with the reduced Braghinskii equations for the electrons. Using the ballooning mode representation, the drift wave problem is set as an eigenvalue equation along a field line and is solved numerically using a standard shooting technique. A significantly larger magnetic shear and a less unfavorable normal curvature in the tokamak equilibrium are found to give a stronger finite-Larmor radius stabilization and a more narrow mode spectrum than in the stellarator. The effect of negative global magnetic shear in the tokamak is found to be stabilizing. The growth rate on a tokamak magnetic flux surface is found to be comparable to that on a stellarator surface with the same global magnetic shear but the eigenfunction in the tokamak is broader than in the stellarator due to the presence of large negative local magnetic shear (LMS) on the tokamak surface. A large absolute value of the LMS in a region of unfavorable normal curvature is found to be stabilizing in the stellarator, while in the tokamak case, negative LMS is found to be stabilizing and positive LMS destabilizing.

Mahmood, M. Ansar; Rafiq, T.; Persson, M.; Weiland, J. [Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Technology and Euratom-VR Association, S-41296 Goeteborg (Sweden)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Deformation analysis of local ply curvature in laminated composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composite laminates with local ply curvatures in the main load- carrying layers, Strains in corrugated layers, In-Phase layers, and Out-of-Phase layers are predicted for various geometries and material configurations by assuming matrix layers as elastic.... 2 Copper Matrix Metal Composite Fig. 3 Wavy Layers 12 Fig. 4 Moment Equilibrium in a Corrugated Beam without Matrix Material 18 Fig. 5 Deformation of the Matrix Naterial Due to Stretching of the Initial Curvature of the Main Load...

Lee, Jong-Won

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

The Paradoxical Persistence of James Earle Fraser's End of the Trail: Nostalgia, Souvenirs, and the Politics of Pictorial Representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

End of the Trail, 1915, plaster sculpture. National CowboyProctor. Cowboy, 1893, plaster sculpture. ColumbianThe American Pioneer, 1915, plaster sculpture. Mooney Grove

Borrman, Kristina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Anomalous radial transport in tokamak edge plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transport in tokamak plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Numerical simulations of tokamak plasma . . . . . . . . .of blobs in tokamak edge plasmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bodi, Vasudeva Raghavendra Kowsik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Clean Edge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edge Edge Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Edge Address 789 28th Avenue Place San Francisco, California Zip 94121 Sector Services Product Consulting firm Website http://www.cleanedge.com/ Coordinates 37.774531°, -122.487837° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.774531,"lon":-122.487837,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

98

Magnetic Edge States in Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

Gabriela Murguia

2010-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

99

Los Alamos science sleuth on the trail of a martian mystery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trail of a martian mystery Trail of a martian mystery Los Alamos science sleuth on the trail of a martian mystery When it comes to examining the surface of rocks on Mars with a high-powered laser, five is a magic number for LANL postdoctoral researcher Nina Lanza. March 19, 2013 This dual image of a Martian rock taken by the ChemCam instrument aboard the Curiosity rover shows a rock at the "Rocknest" area on Mars before it was interrogated with ChemCam's high-powered laser (left) and after interrogation by 600 laser blasts (right). The crosshairs in the darkened portion of the image at right shows where the laser beam penetrated to a depth of at least 1 mm as a result of the repeated shots. The ChemCam laser vaporizes a small amount of material that can be read by a spectrometer to determine the target's composition.

100

LANL closes road, trails for safety reasons; flooding and erosion control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Road, trails closed for safety reasons Road, trails closed for safety reasons LANL closes road, trails for safety reasons; flooding and erosion control work under way Closure is in response to the increased fire risk and danger of flash flooding. July 8, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Fred deSousa

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Effects of all-terrain vehicle trails on stream channel characteristics, Ouachita National Forest, Arkansas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Study Streams. . . . . 41 3 Data Summary for Pools in Each Study Reach . . 51 4 Kruskal-Wallis Test for Grouped Comparison of the Study Reaches. . 55 5 Dunn's Multiple Comparison of Kruskal-Wallis for All Pools. 56 6 Length of Trails/Roads Present... for the Study Streams. . . . . 41 3 Data Summary for Pools in Each Study Reach . . 51 4 Kruskal-Wallis Test for Grouped Comparison of the Study Reaches. . 55 5 Dunn's Multiple Comparison of Kruskal-Wallis for All Pools. 56 6 Length of Trails/Roads Present...

Rohrer, Deven Michelle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

102

Counter-rotating vortex patches in shear: a model of the effect of wind shear on aircraft trailing vortices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...significantly a following passenger-containing aircraft and cause an accident. For example, the vortex wake of a Boeing 747 can rotate a Boeing 737 through 45 . This problem is called the trailing-vortex hazard, and since the trailing vortices can...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Decaying Vacuum Inflationary Cosmologies: A Complete Scenario Including Curvature Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a large class of nonsingular cosmologies of arbitrary spatial curvature whose cosmic history is determined by a primeval dynamical $\\Lambda (t)$-term. For all values of the curvature, the models evolve between two extreme de Sitter phases driven by the relic time-varying vacuum energy density. The transition from inflation to the radiation phase is universal and points to a natural solution of the graceful exit problem regardless of the values of the curvature parameter. The flat case recovers the scenario recently discussed in the literature (Perico et al., Phys. Rev. D88, 063531, 2013). The early de Sitter phase is characterized by an arbitrary energy scale $H_I$ associated to the primeval vacuum energy density. If $H_I$ is fixed to be nearly the Planck scale, the ratio between the relic and the present observed vacuum energy density is $\\rho_{vI}/\\rho_{v0} \\simeq 10^{123}$.

Lima, J A S; Zilioti, G J M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Targeting different types of human meningioma and glioma cells using a novel adenoviral vector expressing GFP-TRAIL fusion protein from hTERT promoter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-tumor effects of Ad/gTRAIL (an adenoviral vector in which expression of GFP and TRAIL is driven by a human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter, hTERT)...

Jessica T Li; Ka Bian; Alan L Zhang; Dong H Kim

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Anisotropic Einstein data with isotropic nonnegative scalar curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a black hole initial data for the Einstein equations with prescribed scalar curvature, or more precisely a piece of initial data contained inside the black hole. The constraints translate into a parabolic equation, with radius as "time" variable, on a metric component u that undergoes blow up. The metric itself is regular up to and including the surface at blow up radius, which is a minimal surface. By applying equivariant bifurcation theory on a self similarly rescaled equation, we show the existence of blow up profiles that are not O(3) symmetric - or anisotropic - although the curvature was isotropically prescribed.

Bernold Fiedler; Juliette Hell; Brian Smith

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

106

Curvature perturbations in anisotropic inflation with symmetry breaking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study curvature perturbations in the anisotropic inflationary model with a complex scalar field charged under a U(1) gauge field in Bianchi I universe. Due to Abelian Higgs mechanism, the gauge field receives an additional longitudinal mode. We verify that the dominant contributions into statistical anisotropies come from matter fields perturbations and one can neglect the contributions from the metric perturbations. It is shown that the contribution of longitudinal mode into the statistical anisotropy power spectrum, though exponentially small, has an opposite sign compared to the corresponding contribution from the transverse mode. We obtain an upper bound on gauge coupling in order to satisfy the observational constraints on curvature perturbations anisotropy.

Emami, Razieh [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 193955531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Firouzjahi, Hassan, E-mail: emami@ipm.ir, E-mail: firouz@ipm.ir [School of Astronomy, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 193955531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A study of the dynamics of an aircraft subjected to the airloads created by a pair of trailing vortices of a large aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a trailing vortex system of a larger aircraft. This analysis, based on a lifting surface theory developed by Jones and Rao, neglects wing-body-tail interaction effects. The changes in the aerodynamic loads and moments on the De Havilland Beaver..., to the trailing vortex system. The response of the Beaver aircraft in longitudinal flight is predicted as it penetrates a trailing vortex system of known strength. The trailing vortex strength is chosen in such a way that the linear- ization assumption...

Ramirez, Amado

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

Region and edge-adaptive sampling and boundary completion for segmentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Edge detection produces a set of points that are likely to lie on discontinuities between objects within an image. We consider faces of the Gabriel graph of these points, a sub-graph of the Delaunay triangulation. Features are extracted by merging these faces using size, shape and color cues. We measure regional properties of faces using a novel shape-dependant sampling method that overcomes undesirable sampling bias of the Delaunay triangles. Instead, sampling is biased so as to smooth regional statistics within the detected object boundaries, and this smoothing adapts to local geometric features of the shape such as curvature, thickness and straightness.

Dillard, Scott E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Prasad, Lakshman [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grazzini, Jacopo A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

EDGE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002099IBMPC00 MM-Estimator and Adjusted Super Smoother based Simultaneous Prediction Confedenc http://nature.berkeley.edu/vulpelab/loguinov/

110

Distinct TRAIL Resistance Mechanisms Can Be Overcome by Proteasome Inhibition but not Generally by Synergizing Agents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...etoposide that although very good at synergizing with TRAIL, are not good at overcoming resistance. Proteasome inhibitors may be able...Cancer Cell 2002;1:19-30. 14. DSMZ cell line data base [Internet].Available from: http://www.dsmz.de/ . 15. Bin...

Christina Menke; Lianghua Bin; Jacqueline Thorburn; Kian Behbakht; Heide L. Ford; and Andrew Thorburn

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Meteor trail diffusion: 2. Analytical theory Y. S. Dimant and M. M. Oppenheim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteor trail diffusion: 2. Analytical theory Y. S. Dimant and M. M. Oppenheim Center for Space [Dimant and Oppenheim, this issue], we compare the results of this theory to high-resolution finite [Oppenheim et al., 2000; Oppenheim et al., 2003]. The present approximate analytical theory describes

Oppenheim, Meers

112

Curvature and Optimal Algorithms for Learning and Minimizing Submodular Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curvature and Optimal Algorithms for Learning and Minimizing Submodular Functions Rishabh Iyer a submodular function everywhere, learning a submodular function (in a PAC-like setting [52]), and constrained of the function (for approximation and learning), or a transformation of algorithms to use an appropriate

Noble, William Stafford

113

FRONT CURVATURE RATE STICK MEASUREMENTS AND DETONATION SHOCK DYNAMICS CALIBRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRONT CURVATURE RATE STICK MEASUREMENTS AND DETONATION SHOCK DYNAMICS CALIBRATION FOR PBX 9502 OVER 87545 Detonation velocities and wave shapes were measured for PBX 9502 (95 wt.% TATB, 5 wt.% Kel­F 800 and diameter effect data. For each T 0 , the simplest detonation shock dynamics model assumes that the local

Aslam, Tariq

114

FRONT CURVATURE RATE STICK MEASUREMENTS AND DETONATION SHOCK DYNAMICS CALIBRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRONT CURVATURE RATE STICK MEASUREMENTS AND DETONATION SHOCK DYNAMICS CALIBRATION FOR PBX 9502 OVER 87545 Detonation velocities and wave shapes were measured for PBX 9502 95 wt. TATB, 5 wt. Kel-F 800 rate and diameter e ect data. For each T0, the simplest detonation shock dynamics model assumes that the local

Aslam, Tariq

115

Measure concentration, functional inequalities, and curvature of metric measure spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measure concentration, functional inequalities, and curvature of metric measure spaces M. Ledoux of measure phenomenon #12;circle of ideas between analysis, geometry and probability theory concentration of measure phenomenon dimension free #12;circle of ideas between analysis, geometry and probability theory

Ledoux, Michel

116

On the Possibility of Curvature Radiation from Radio Pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the widespread hypothesis that coherent curvature radiation is responsible for the radio emission of pulsars. The comparison of energy conservation and the published data and luminosities explicitely proves that coherent curvature radiation cannot be the source for the radio emission of pulsars for frequencies below a few GHz. At higher frequencies coherent curvature radiation can be ruled out because neither the observationally deduced emission heights nor the observed radius to frequency mapping can be reproduced by this mechanism. Our argumentation is in accordance with the more general critics (e.g. Melrose 1992) that no adequate bunching mechanism has been identified for coherent curvature radiation. We present 5 examples (0329+29, 0355+54, 0540+23, 1133+16, 1916+10) of pulsars whose high frequency (larger than 1.4. GHz, up to 32 GHz) luminosities are well known, and as a low frequency example the faintest radio pulsar 0655+64 of the Taylor et al (1993) sample.

H. Lesch; A. Jessner; M. Kramer; Th. Kunzl

1998-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

117

Approximation of conic sections by curvature continuous quartic Bzier curves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we propose two approximation methods of conic section by quartic Bezier curves. These are the extensions of the quartic Bezier approximations of circular arcs presented in Ahn and Kim (1997) [1] and Kim and Ahn (2007) [10] to conic cases. ... Keywords: Approximation order, Conic section, Curvature continuity, Hausdorff distance, Quartic Bzier curves, Spline

Young Joon Ahn

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

On Edge Szeged Index of Bridge Graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Corollary 2. Let H be any graph with fixed vertex $$ v $$ .... Then the edge Szeged index of the bridge

Fuqin Zhan; Youfu Qiao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Leptodermous expansion of nuclear ground state energies and the anomaly in the nuclear curvature energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The leptodermous expansion of the total ground state energy of a nucleus into volume, surface, curvature and gauss curvature contributions has been studied starting from a semi-classical energy density formali...

S K Kataria; Aruna Nijasure; V S Ramamurthy; A K Dutta

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Supplementary material to "Curvature and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory", by Stein et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplementary material to "Curvature and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory", by Stein et al. 2. Calculation of curvature from: [{ }] [{ }] #12;Supplementary material to "Curvature and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory

Baer, Roi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A three-dimensional validation of crack curvature in muscovite mica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental and computational efforts focused on characterizing crack tip curvature in muscovite mica. Wedge-driven cracks were propagated under monochromatic light. Micrographs verified the subtle curvature of the crack front near the free surface. A cohesive approach was employed to model mixed-mode fracture in a three-dimensional framework. Finite element calculations captured the crack curvature observed in experiment.

J. C. Hill; J. W. Foulk III; P. A. Klein; E. P. Chen

2001-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Graphene as a quantum surface with curvature-strain preserving dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss how the curvature and the strain density of the atomic lattice generate the quantization of graphene sheets as well as the dynamics of geometric quasiparticles propagating along the constant curvature/strain levels. The internal kinetic momentum of Riemannian oriented surface (a vector field preserving the Gaussian curvature and the area) is determined.

M. V. Karasev

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

123

THE CURVATURE INVARIANT OF A HILBERT MODULE OVER C[z1, . . . , zd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, there are significant and concrete consequences when it assumes either of the two extreme values 0 or r. In the few the curvature of a Hilbert module as the trace of a certain self-adjoint operator. The Euler characteristic to the integral of the Gaussian curvature of a compact oriented Riemannian 2n-manifold. The curvature invariant K

Arveson, William

124

Curvature-based energy for simulation and variational modeling Denis Zorin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curvature-based energy for simulation and variational modeling Denis Zorin New York University 719 Broadway, 12th floor New York, New York, 10012 dzorin@mrl.nyu.edu Abstract Curvature-based energy unanswered. We discuss the general principles for defining curvature- based energy on discrete surfaces based

Mohri, Mehryar

125

CURVATURE, DIAMETER AND BOUNDED BETTI NUMBERS Zhongmin Shen and Jyh-Yang Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURVATURE, DIAMETER AND BOUNDED BETTI NUMBERS Zhongmin Shen and Jyh-Yang Wu Abstract. In this paper, we introduces the notion of bounded Betti numbers, and show that the bounded Betti numbers words: Diameter, Ricci curvature, sectional curvature, bounded cohomology and bounded Betti number 2000

Shen, Zhongmin

126

PROBING CURVATURE EFFECTS IN THE FERMI GRB 110920  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Curvature effects in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have long been a source of considerable interest. In a collimated relativistic GRB jet, photons that are off-axis relative to the observer arrive at later times than on-axis photons and are also expected to be spectrally softer. In this work, we invoke a relatively simple kinematic two-shell collision model for a uniform jet profile and compare its predictions to GRB prompt-emission data for observations that have been attributed to curvature effects such as the peak-flux-peak-frequency relation, i.e., the relation between the ?F{sub ?} flux and the spectral peak, E{sub pk} in the decay phase of a GRB pulse, and spectral lags. In addition, we explore the behavior of pulse widths with energy. We present the case of the single-pulse Fermi GRB 110920 as a test for the predictions of the model against observations.

Shenoy, A.; Maximon, L. C.; Dhuga, K. S.; Parke, W. C.; Maclachlan, G. A.; Eskandarian, Ali [Department of Physics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Sonbas, E. [Department of Physics, University of Adiyaman, 02040 Adiyaman (Turkey); Dermer, C. [Space Science Division, Code 7653, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Bhat, P. N. [CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Hakkila, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC 29424 (United States); Ukwatta, T. N., E-mail: ashwinsp469@gmail.com [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Reheating via a generalized nonminimal coupling of curvature to matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, one shows that a generalized nonminimal coupling between geometry and matter is compatible with Starobinsky inflation and leads to a successful process of preheating, a reheating scenario based on the production of massive particles via parametric resonance. The model naturally extends the usual preheating mechanism, which resorts to an ad hoc scalar curvature-dependent mass term for a scalar field {chi}, and also encompasses a previously studied preheating channel based upon a nonstandard kinetic term.

Bertolami, Orfeu; Frazao, Pedro; Paramos, Jorge [Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Instituto de Plasmas e FuSao Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tecnico Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Surface tension with Normal Curvature in Curved Space-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With an aim to include the contribution of surface tension in the action of the boundary, we define the tangential pressure in terms of surface tension and Normal curvature in a more naturally geometric way. First, we show that the negative tangential pressure is independent of the four-velocity of a very thin hyper-surface. Second, we relate the 3-pressure of a surface layer to the normal curvature and the surface tension. Third, we relate the surface tension to the energy of the surface layer. Four, we show that the delta like energy flows across the hyper-surface will be zero for such a representation of intrinsic 3-pressure. Five, for the weak field approximation and for static spherically symmetric configuration, we deduce the classical Kelvin's relation. Six, we write a modified action for the boundary having contributions both from surface tension and normal curvature of the surface layer. Also we propose a method to find the physical action assuming a reference background, where the background is not flat.

Himanshu kumar; Sharf Alam; Suhail Ahmad

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Lost Trail Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lost Trail Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Lost Trail Hot Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Sula, Montana Coordinates 45.8365869°, -113.9817463° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

130

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Maintenance Edge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maintenance Edge Maintenance Edge Maintenance Edge logo Maintenance Edge is a suite of online Software as a Service (SaaS) facility management tools that gives control and management over buildings without a capital investment. Maintenance Edge enables you to combine work order, planned maintenance, work order wireless, and critical alarms with the option of adding inventory. Fully implemented, Maintenance Edge will cut labor time, increase energy efficiencies, save on capital expenditures, and save on budget and management time. Features include: easy/user-friendly work order requesting, unlimited users, seven different user roles (limits data users can see), no capital or hardware costs required, access to data anywhere anytime, easy-to-click reporting on all the data in your system,

131

ISLAND AND SHIP TRAIL CLOUDS: THE ROSETTA STONE OF CLOUDS, POLLUTION, AND CLIMATE?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud/Climate Feedback is a combination of words known to be important but extremely difficult to quantify or even assign a direction. A 4 % increase in boundary layer clouds would cool the earth as much as a doubling of CO{sub 2} would warm it (Randall et al, 1984). Studies have shown that warmer sea surface temperatures are associated with fewer clouds (Oreopoulos and Davies, 1992). We do not know how much of this effect is due to direct solar warming of surface water in the absence of clouds. We also know there are more eastern ocean marine boundary layer clouds in summer than winter. Do warmer sea surface temperatures or more summer-like conditions best represent global warming? Twomey, 1974 has proposed that increasing aerosol pollution would lead to brighter clouds (indirect aerosol effect). This relationship does have determined sign (i.e. cooling) but is very difficult to quantify. Cloud trails from ships and islands hold the potential of addressing Cloud/Climate Feedback by observing atmospheric response to large perturbations in turbulence and aerosol. However, before cloud trails can be used as a Rosetta Stone connecting pollution and climate, much more needs to be understood about the micro- and macrophysics of cloud trails.

W. PORCH; S. WINIECKI; L. O'STEEN

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Ayanin diacetate-induced cell death is amplified by TRAIL in human leukemia cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ayanin diacetate as apoptotic inducer in leukemia cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cell death was prevented by caspase inhibitors and by the overexpression of Bcl-x{sub L}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The intrinsic and the extrinsic pathways are involved in the mechanism of action. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Death receptors are up-regulated and TRAIL enhances apoptotic cell death. -- Abstract: Here we demonstrate that the semi-synthetic flavonoid ayanin diacetate induces cell death selectively in leukemia cells without affecting the proliferation of normal lymphocytes. Incubation of human leukemia cells with ayanin diacetate induced G{sub 2}-M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis which was prevented by the non-specific caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk and reduced by the overexpression of Bcl-x{sub L}. Ayanin diacetate-induced cell death was found to be associated with: (i) loss of inner mitochondrial membrane potential, (ii) the release of cytochrome c, (iii) the activation of multiple caspases, (iv) cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and (v) the up-regulation of death receptors for TRAIL, DR4 and DR5. Moreover, the combined treatment with ayanin diacetate and TRAIL amplified cell death, compared to single treatments. These results provide a basis for further exploring the potential applications of this combination for the treatment of cancer.

Marrero, Maria Teresa; Estevez, Sara; Negrin, Gledy; Quintana, Jose [Departamento de Bioquimica, Unidad Asociada al Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Plaza Dr. Pasteur s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)] [Departamento de Bioquimica, Unidad Asociada al Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Plaza Dr. Pasteur s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Lopez, Mariana; Perez, Francisco J.; Triana, Jorge [Departamento de Quimica, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Instituto Canario de Investigacion del Cancer, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)] [Departamento de Quimica, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Instituto Canario de Investigacion del Cancer, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Leon, Francisco [Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiologia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Avda. Astrofisico F. Sanchez 3, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)] [Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiologia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Avda. Astrofisico F. Sanchez 3, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Estevez, Francisco, E-mail: festevez@dbbf.ulpgc.es [Departamento de Bioquimica, Unidad Asociada al Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Plaza Dr. Pasteur s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)] [Departamento de Bioquimica, Unidad Asociada al Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Plaza Dr. Pasteur s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

133

Distributed algorithms for edge dominating sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed algorithms for edge dominating sets Jukka Suomela Helsinki Institute for Information problem · Simple 2-approximation algorithm: find any maximal matching 5 #12;Edge dominating sets · NP dominating sets · using deterministic distributed algorithms, in the port-numbering model · But why would we

Suomela, Jukka

134

Zero curvature condition and 2D gravity theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors propose interpreting the zero curvature condition associated with an integrable model as an anomaly equation. This can lead to the WZWN action and the associated current algebra quite readily and clarifies further the connections found between the integrable models and 2D gravity theories. The authors analyze, in detail, the cases SL(2,R) (KdV hierarchy), OSp(2/1) (sKdV hierarchy) and SL(3,R) (Boussinesq hierarchy) and obtain the operator product expansions of the appropriate fields. The authors also make some observations on the generalization of our method to SL(n,R).

Das, A.; Huang, W.J.; Roy, S. (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (US))

1992-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

135

Curvature effect on tearing modes in presence of neoclassical friction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neoclassical physics (here associated to the poloidal variation of the magnetic field strength along field lines in a tokamak) is well known for driving self-generated plasma current and nonlinear magnetic islands associated to it in high performance, ITER relevant plasma discharges. It is demonstrated that the neoclassical friction between a magnetic perturbation and plasma flow already impacts magnetic islands in the linear regime, by inducing a weakening of curvature stabilization for tearing modes. This conclusion holds in particular for regimes where convection is influencing the pressure dynamics, as shown using a simple analytical model and confirmed in full Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics simulations.

Maget, Patrick; Mellet, Nicolas; Meshcheriakov, Dmytro; Garbet, Xavier [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance (France)] [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance (France); Ltjens, Hinrich [Centre de Physique Thorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS (France)] [Centre de Physique Thorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS (France)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Canonical formulation of scalar curvature squared action in higher dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The canonical formulation for an action containing a scalar curvature squared term (R2) in arbitrary dimension has been performed in a Robertson-Walker minisuperspace model. The quantum dynamics does not alter significantly from the same in four dimensions, while the continuity equation picks up a particular operator-ordering index. The classical solution is also at par with the one presented by Starobinsky for k=0 and matches with the extremum of the effective potential. Semiclassical approximation peaks around the classical solution.

Subhra Debnath; Soumendranath Ruz; Abhik Kumar Sanyal

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

2008 ULTRASONIC BENCHMARK STUDIES OF INTERFACE CURVATURE--A SUMMARY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the 2008 QNDE ultrasonic benchmark session researchers from five different institutions around the world examined the influence that the curvature of a cylindrical fluid-solid interface has on the measured NDE immersion pulse-echo response of a flat-bottom hole (FBH) reflector. This was a repeat of a study conducted in the 2007 benchmark to try to determine the sources of differences seen in 2007 between model-based predictions and experiments. Here, we will summarize the results obtained in 2008 and analyze the model-based results and the experiments.

Schmerr, L. W. [Center for NDE, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Dept. of Aerospace Eng., Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Huang, R. [Center for NDE, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Raillon, R.; Mahaut, S.; Leymarie, N.; Lonne, S. [CEA/LIST, Saclay point courrier 120 F-91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex France (France); Song, S.-J.; Kim, H.-J. [School of Mechanical Eng., Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Spies, M. [Fraunhofer Institute for Techno- and Economy Mathematics ITWM, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Lupien, V. [Acoustic Ideas, 27 Eaton Street, Wakefield, MA 01880 (United States)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

138

Curvature-induced radiation of surface plasmon polaritons propagating around bends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a theoretical study of the curvature-induced radiation of surface plasmon polaritons propagating around bends at metal-dielectric interfaces. We explain qualitatively how the curvature leads to distortion of the phase front, causing the fields to radiate energy away from the metal-dielectric interface. We then quantify, both analytically and numerically, radiation losses and energy transmission efficiencies of surface plasmon polaritons propagating around bends with varying radii as well as sign of curvature.

Hasegawa, Keisuke; Noeckel, Jens U.; Deutsch, Miriam [Department of Physics, University of Oregon, 1371 East 13th Aveenue, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

3D Curves With a Prescribed Curvature and Torsion for a Flying Robot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to generate a desired flight path to be followed by an flying robot. A curve with discontinuous curvature and torsion is not appropriate for smooth motions for any vehicle architecture. Three different classes of curves are presented. First, constant curvature and torsion followed by a linear variation versus the curvilinear abscissa then a quadratic variation. Finally, the problem of maneuvers between two trim helices of different curvature and torsion is tackled with.

Bestaoui, Yasmina [Informatics, Integrative Biology and Complex Systems, University of Evry 40 Rue de Pelvoux, 91020 Evry Cedex (France)

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

140

Horizon entropy and higher curvature equations of state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Clausius relation between entropy change and heat flux has previously been used to derive Einstein's field equations as an equation of state. In that derivation the entropy is proportional to the area of a local causal horizon, and the heat is the energy flux across the horizon, defined relative to an approximate boost Killing vector. We examine here whether a similar derivation can be given for extensions beyond Einstein gravity to include higher derivative and higher curvature terms. We review previous proposals which, in our opinion, are problematic or incomplete. Refining one of these, we assume that the horizon entropy depends on an approximate local Killing vector in a way that mimics the diffeomorphism Noether charge that yields the entropy of a stationary black hole. We show how this can be made to work if various restrictions are imposed on the nature of the horizon slices and the approximate Killing vector. Also, an integrability condition on the assumed horizon entropy density must hold. This can yield field equations of a Lagrangian constructed algebraically from the metric and Riemann tensor, but appears unlikely to allow for derivatives of curvature in the Lagrangian.

Raf Guedens; Ted Jacobson; Sudipta Sarkar

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

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141

Increase of Black Hole Entropy in Higher Curvature Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the Zeroth Law and the Second Law of black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher curvature interactions. We show that entropy can never decrease for quasi-stationary processes in which a black hole accretes positive energy matter, independent of the details of the gravitational action. Within a class of higher curvature theories where the Lagrangian consists of a polynomial in the Ricci scalar, we use a conformally equivalent theory to establish that stationary black hole solutions with a Killing horizon satisfy the Zeroth Law, and that the Second Law holds in general for any dynamical process. We also introduce a new method for establishing the Second Law based on a generalization of the area theorem, which may prove useful for a wider class of Lagrangians. Finally, we show how one can infer the form of the black hole entropy, at least for the Ricci polynomial theories, by integrating the changes of mass and angular momentum in a quasistationary accretion process.

Ted Jacobson; Gungwon Kang; Robert C. Myers

1995-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

142

Gauss-Bonnet black holes with nonconstant curvature horizons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate static and dynamical n({>=}6)-dimensional black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity of which horizons have the isometries of an (n-2)-dimensional Einstein space with a condition on its Weyl tensor originally given by Dotti and Gleiser. Defining a generalized Misner-Sharp quasilocal mass that satisfies the unified first law, we show that most of the properties of the quasilocal mass and the trapping horizon are shared with the case with horizons of constant curvature. It is shown that the Dotti-Gleiser solution is the unique vacuum solution if the warp factor on the (n-2)-dimensional Einstein space is nonconstant. The quasilocal mass becomes constant for the Dotti-Gleiser black hole and satisfies the first law of the black-hole thermodynamics with its Wald entropy. In the non-negative curvature case with positive Gauss-Bonnet constant and zero cosmological constant, it is shown that the Dotti-Gleiser black hole is thermodynamically unstable. Even if it becomes locally stable for the nonzero cosmological constant, it cannot be globally stable for the positive cosmological constant.

Maeda, Hideki [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Observational constraints on dark energy and cosmic curvature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current observational bounds on dark energy depend on our assumptions about the curvature of the universe. We present a simple and efficient method for incorporating constraints from cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy data and use it to derive constraints on cosmic curvature and dark energy density as a free function of cosmic time using current CMB, TypeIa supernova (SNIa), and baryon acoustic oscillation data. We show that there are two CMB shift parameters, R??mH02r(zCMB) (the scaled distance to recombination) and la??r(zCMB)/rs(zCMB) (the angular scale of the sound horizon at recombination), with measured values that are nearly uncorrelated with each other. Allowing nonzero cosmic curvature, the three-year WMAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe) data give R=1.710.03, la=302.51.2, and ?bh2=0.021730.00082, independent of the dark energy model. The corresponding bounds for a flat universe are R=1.700.03, la=302.21.2, and ?bh2=0.0220.00082. We give the covariance matrix of (R,la,?bh2) from the three-year WMAP data. We find that (R,la,?bh2) provide an efficient and intuitive summary of CMB data as far as dark energy constraints are concerned. Assuming the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) prior of H0=728??(km/s)?Mpc-1, using 182 SNeIa (from the HST/GOODS program, the first year Supernova Legacy Survey, and nearby SNIa surveys), (R,la,?bh2) from WMAP three-year data, and SDSS (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) measurement of the baryon acoustic oscillation scale, we find that dark energy density is consistent with a constant in cosmic time, with marginal deviations from a cosmological constant that may reflect current systematic uncertainties or true evolution in dark energy. A flat universe is allowed by current data: ?k=-0.006-0.012-0.025+0.013+0.025 for assuming that the dark energy equation of state wX(z) is constant, and ?k=-0.002-0.018-0.032+0.018+0.041 for wX(z)=w0+wa(1-a) (68% and 95% confidence levels). The bounds on cosmic curvature are less stringent if dark energy density is allowed to be a free function of cosmic time, and are also dependent on the assumption about the early time property of dark energy. We demonstrate this by studying two examples. Significant improvement in dark energy and cosmic curvature constraints is expected as a result of future dark energy and CMB experiments.

Yun Wang and Pia Mukherjee

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

An Algorithm for Computing Customized 3D Printed Implants with Curvature Constrained Channels for Enhancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Algorithm for Computing Customized 3D Printed Implants with Curvature Constrained Channels results in 3D printing and steerable needle motion planning to create customized implants containing

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

145

Persistent source influences on the trailing edge of a groundwater plume, and natural attenuation timeframes: The F-Area Savannah River Site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and FSB-110D; Savannah River National Laboratory: Aiken, SC,Berkeley CA Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), Aiken

Wan, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

New leading/trailing edge modulation strategies for two-stage AC/DC PFC adapters to reduce DC-link capacitor ripple current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AC/DC adapters mostly employ two-stage topology: Power Factor Correction (PFC) pre-regulation stage followed by an isolated DC/DC converter stage. Low power AC/DC adapters require a small size to be competitive. Among their components, the bulk DC...

Sun, Jing

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

147

Edge Equilibrium Code (EEC) For Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The edge equilibrium code (EEC) described in this paper is developed for simulations of the near edge plasma using the finite element method. It solves the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal coordinate and uses adaptive grids aligned with magnetic field lines. Hermite finite elements are chosen for the numerical scheme. A fast Newton scheme which is the same as implemented in the equilibrium and stability code (ESC) is applied here to adjust the grids

Li, Xujling

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

148

Topological implications of negative curvature for biological and social networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Network measures that reflect the most salient properties of complex large-scale networks are in high demand in the network research community. In this paper we adapt a combinatorial measure of negative curvature (also called hyperbolicity) to parametrized finite networks, and show that a variety of biological and social networks are hyperbolic. This hyperbolicity property has strong implications on the higher-order connectivity and other topological properties of these networks. Specifically, we derive and prove bounds on the distance among shortest or approximately shortest paths in hyperbolic networks. We describe two implications of these bounds to crosstalk in biological networks, and to the existence of central, influential neighborhoods in both biological and social networks.

Rka Albert; Bhaskar DasGupta; Nasim Mobasheri

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

149

Research Led by Sandia Reveals Leading-Edge Erosion Significantly...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Research Led by Sandia Reveals Leading-Edge Erosion Significantly Reduces Wind Turbine Performance Research Led by Sandia Reveals Leading-Edge Erosion Significantly Reduces Wind...

150

Journal Article: Stability of edge states in strained graphene...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Publisher's Accepted Manuscript: Stability of edge states in strained graphene Citation Details Title: Stability of edge states in strained graphene Authors: Ghaemi, Pouyan;...

151

BLOW UP OF SUBCRITICAL QUANTITIES AT THE FIRST SINGULAR TIME OF THE MEAN CURVATURE FLOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLOW UP OF SUBCRITICAL QUANTITIES AT THE FIRST SINGULAR TIME OF THE MEAN CURVATURE FLOW NAM Q. LE curvature flow, singularity time, blow up, subcritical quantities. 1 #12;2 NAM Q. LE develop singularities, we give a logarithmic improvement of the above results by showing that a family of subcritical

Le, Nam

152

Curvature-Dependent Surface Tension of a Growing Droplet Michael P. Moody and Phil Attard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curvature-Dependent Surface Tension of a Growing Droplet Michael P. Moody and Phil Attard School-vapor interfaces. It is shown that the surface tension decreases approximately linearly with the supersaturation ratio and that it vanishes at the spinodal. The effect leads to a curvature-dependent surface tension

Attard, Phil

153

Friction and curvature judgement Chris Christou (1) and Alan Wing (2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction and curvature judgement Chris Christou (1) and Alan Wing (2) (1) Optometry resistance to motion due to friction. This resistance creates a force vector which varies in direction with friction. But the vector also varies in direction with the curvature of the surface traversed by the finger

154

Planning Locally Optimal, Curvature-Constrained Trajectories in 3D using Sequential Convex Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bevel-tip medical needles, planning curvature-constrained channels in 3D printed implants for targeted for perturbations. Our ap- proach can also be used for designing optimized channel layouts within 3D printed is the design of multiple bounded curvature channels in intracavitary 3D printed im- plants through which

Abbeel, Pieter

155

Classification of Hamilton-Jacobi separation in orthogonal coordinates with diagonal curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find all orthogonal metrics where the geodesic Hamilton-Jacobi equation separates and the Riemann curvature tensor satisfies a certain equation (called the diagonal curvature condition). All orthogonal metrics of constant curvature satisfy the diagonal curvature condition. The metrics we find either correspond to a Benenti system or are warped product metrics where the induced metric on the base manifold corresponds to a Benenti system. Furthermore we show that most metrics we find are characterized by concircular tensors; these metrics, called Kalnins-Eisenhart-Miller (KEM) metrics, have an intrinsic characterization which can be used to obtain them. In conjunction with other results, we show that the metrics we found constitute all separable metrics for Riemannian spaces of constant curvature and de Sitter space.

Krishan Rajaratnam; Raymond G. McLenaghan

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

156

Finding and Recovering SHGC Objects in an Edge Image  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A set of modules to extract partial descriptions of SHGC objects in an edge image is presented. It consists of modules to find end edges, to find meridian edges, to find cross-section edges, and to recover 3D shapes. The first goal of the system is to extract geometrical edges derived from an SHGC object. From an input edge image, pairs of end edges are detected first by verifying strong geometrical constraints for the ends of an SHGC. Then, meridian edges are detected by using the constraint for tangent intersections and the ones related to the end edges. The second goal is to recover 3D information of the object. The axis of SHGC and the axes of skewed symmetry in cross-section edges are detected. Then, original cross section and the sweeping rule are recovered by utilizing these three orthogonal axes. Extracted geometrical edges and 3D information from real images are shown.

H. Sato; T.O. Binford

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Principal Curvature-Based Region Detector for Object Recognition Hongli Deng, Wei Zhang, Eric Mortensen, Thomas Dietterich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eigen- values. We call this the principal curvature image, as it ap- proximates the principal curvature discriminative features. An alter- native to local intensity cues is to capture semi-local struc- tural cues

Washington at Seattle, University of

158

Emerging Edge Capital EEC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edge Capital EEC Edge Capital EEC Jump to: navigation, search Name Emerging Edge Capital (EEC) Place London, United Kingdom Zip SW1Y 4RS Sector Renewable Energy Product London-based company which sources and develops projects in renewable energy and other strategic sectors in emerging markets. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

159

Clean Edge Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Edge Inc Clean Edge Inc Name Clean Edge Inc Place Portland, Oregon Zip 97213 Region Pacific Northwest Area Coordinates 45.5352835°, -122.6037536° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.5352835,"lon":-122.6037536,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

160

Leading Edge Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leading Edge Technologies Inc Leading Edge Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Leading Edge Technologies Inc Place Lakeland, Florida Product Profitable manufacturer of lithium ion batteries for consumer electronics makers that merged with Skylab Technologies Group Inc in September 2001 to form Solicore. Coordinates 35.264796°, -89.724114° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.264796,"lon":-89.724114,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

EDGE Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EDGE Energy LLC EDGE Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name EDGE Energy LLC Place Phoenix, Arizona Zip 85018 Sector Solar Product Arizona-based solar developer focused on building commercial and utility-scale projects throughout the American Southwest. Coordinates 33.44826°, -112.075774° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.44826,"lon":-112.075774,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

162

The influence of the curvature dependence of the surface tension on the geometry of electrically charged menisci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of the curvature dependence of the surface tension on the geometry of electrically, Roio Poggio, I-67040 L'Aquila, Italy We evaluate how the curvature dependence of surface tension of surface tension on curvature becomes important when the "nucle- ation radius" is comparable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

Linking pore-scale interfacial curvature to column-scale capillary pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synchrotron-based tomographic datasets of oil-water drainage and imbibition cycles have been analyzed to quantify phase saturations and interfacial curvature as well as connected and disconnected fluid configurations. This allows for close observation of the drainage and imbibition processes, assessment of equilibrium states, and studying the effects of fluid phase disconnection and reconnection on the resulting capillary pressures and interfacial curvatures. Based on this analysis estimates of capillary pressure calculated from interfacial curvature can be compared to capillary pressure measured externally with a transducer. Results show good agreement between curvature-based and transducer-based measurements when connected phase interfaces are considered. Curvature measurements show a strong dependence on whether an interface is formed by connected or disconnected fluid and the time allowed for equilibration. The favorable agreement between curvature-based and transducer-based capillary pressure measurements shows promise for the use of image-based estimates of capillary pressure for interfaces that cannot be probed with external transducers as well as opportunities for a detailed assessment of interfacial curvature during drainage and imbibition.

Armstrong, Ryan T.; Porter, Mark L.; Wildenschild, Dorthe (Oregon State U.); (LANL)

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

Atomic Level Spatial Variations of Energy States along Graphene Edges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atomic Level Spatial Variations of Energy States along Graphene Edges ... The local atomic bonding of carbon atoms around the edge of graphene is examined by aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) combined with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). ... We show that energy states of graphene edges vary across individual atoms along the edge according to their specific CC bonding, as well as perpendicular to the edge. ...

Jamie H. Warner; Yung-Chang Lin; Kuang He; Masanori Koshino; Kazu Suenaga

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

165

Primordial black holes from temporally enhanced curvature perturbation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scalar field with generalized kinetic interactions metamorphoses depending on its field value, ranging from cosmological constant to stiff matter. We show that such a scalar field can give rise to temporal enhancement of the curvature perturbation in the primordial Universe, leading to efficient production of primordial black holes while the enhancement persists. If the inflation energy scale is high, those mini-black holes evaporate by the Hawking radiation much before Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the effective reheating of the Universe is achieved by the black hole evaporation. Dominance of PBHs and the reheating by their evaporation modify the expansion history of the primordial Universe. This results in a characteristic feature of the spectrum of primordial tensor modes in the DECIGO frequency band, opening an interesting possibility of testing PBH reheating scenario by measuring the primordial tensor modes. If the inflation energy scale is low, the PBH mass can be much larger than the solar mass. In this case, PBH is an interesting candidate for seeds for supermassive black holes residing in present galaxies.

Teruaki Suyama; Yi-Peng Wu; Jun'ichi Yokoyama

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

166

Accelerators: powering cutting-edge research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerators: powering cutting-edge research #12;What is a particle accelerator? Booster ourselves. Particle accelerators are our attempt to turn back the clock and see into the early stages of the Universe. They accelerate everyday charged particles (electrons or protons) to close to the speed of light

Crowther, Paul

167

Plasma Edge Cooling during rf Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new approach to prevent the influx of high-Z impurities into the core of a tokamak discharge by using rf power to modify the edge plasma temperature profile is discussed. This concept is based on spectroscopic measurements on PLT (Princeton Large Torus) during ohmic heating and ATC (Adiabatic Toroidal Compressor) during rf heating.

S. Suckewer and R. J. Hawryluk

1978-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

168

Mapping solute excesses and curvature of grain boundaries | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials Under Extreme Materials Under Extreme Mapping solute excesses and curvature of grain boundaries November 21, 2013 2-D Cr and W Gibbsian interfacial excess maps and variations of the curvature over the grain boundary. The TiO++ map indicates the positions of the nanoclusters which correspond to the black regions in the curvature map. A novel characterization method has been developed that enables complete characteriza-tions of grain boundaries by atom probe tomography (APT) in terms of the orientation relationship of the adjacent grains, local variations of the habit plane, surface curvature, and the solute excesses over the surface of a grain boundary. The achieved 1 nm x 1 nm spatial resolution leads to an understanding of the mechanisms that lend certain materials, such as nanostruc-tured

169

Edge control in CNC polishing, paper 2: simulation and validation of tool influence functions on edges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Edge mis-figure is regarded as one of the most difficult technical issues for manufacturing the segments of extremely large telescopes, which can dominate key aspects of performance. A...

Li, Hongyu; Walker, David; Yu, Guoyu; Sayle, Andrew; Messelink, Wilhelmus; Evans, Rob; Beaucamp, Anthony

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Green's function asymptotics near the internal edges of spectra of periodic elliptic operators. Spectral edge case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precise asymptotics known for the Green's function of the Laplace operator have found their analogs for periodic elliptic operators of the second order at and below the bottom of the spectrum. Due to the band-gap structure of the spectra of such operators, the question arises whether similar results can be obtained near or at the edges of spectral gaps. As the result of this work shows, this is possible at a spectral edge in dimensions d>2.

Peter Kuchment; Andrew Raich

2011-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

171

DAMOP BICYCLE EXCURSION Wisconsin led in the Rail to Trail conversion starting in the 1960s. The state now enjoys ~1000 miles of State Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DAMOP BICYCLE EXCURSION Wisconsin led in the Rail to Trail conversion are invited on a bicycle excursion organized by Thad Walker and Jim Lawler. Directions & Costs: The excursion will depart from Machinery Row Bicycles (0.4 mi

Walker, Thad G.

172

A survey of ideal fluid propeller theories and a study of the effects of aerodynamic propeller loading on trailing vortex induced velocity and thrust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SURVEY OF IDEAL FLUID PRO~ THEORIES AND A STUIE OP THE EFFECTS OF AERODYNAMIC PRO~ LOADING ON TRAILING VORTEX INDUCED VELOCITY AND THRUST A Thesis EDWARD MADISON ~ Suhmitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial... fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1969 h'h, jor Suhgect: Mechanical Engineering A SURVEY OF IDEAL FLUID PROPELLEB THEORIES AND A STUDY OF THE EFFKTS OF AERODYKVGC PROPELLER LOADING ON TRAILING VORTEX INDUCED...

Kelley, Edward Madison

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Observation of propagating edge spin waves modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broadband magnetization response of equilateral triangular 1000 nm Permalloy dots has been studied under an in-plane magnetic field, applied parallel (buckle state), and perpendicular (Y state) to the triangles base. Micromagnetic simulations identify edge spin waves (E-SWs) in the buckle state as SWs propagating along the two adjacent edges. These quasi one-dimensional spin waves emitted by the vertex magnetic charges gradually transform from propagating to standing due to interference and are weakly affected by dipolar interdot interaction and variation of the aspect ratio. Spin waves in the Y state have a two dimensional character. These findings open perspectives for implementation of the E-SWs in magnonic crystals and thin films.

Lara, A.; Aliev, F. G., E-mail: farkhad.aliev@uam.es [Dpto. Fsica de la Materia Condensada C-III, Instituto Nicolas Cabrera (INC) and Condensed Matter Physics Institute (IFIMAC), Universidad Autnoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049 (Spain); Metlushko, V. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

Permanent magnet edge-field quadrupole  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Planar permanent magnet edge-field quadrupoles for use in particle accelerating machines and in insertion devices designed to generate spontaneous or coherent radiation from moving charged particles are disclosed. The invention comprises four magnetized rectangular pieces of permanent magnet material with substantially similar dimensions arranged into two planar arrays situated to generate a field with a substantially dominant quadrupole component in regions close to the device axis. 10 figs.

Tatchyn, R.O.

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

175

A strange enough way: An embodied natural history of experience, animals and food on the Teslin Trail  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This essay focuses on the use and abuse of animals and how the social and economic changes introduced by the gold rushers altered relationships between animals and humans in Northwest British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory during the haphazard scramble northward to the Klondike. I suggest that the embodied experience of life on the trail was articulated and mediated through the humananimal relationships forged out of necessity on the makeshift trails to the Klondike, built together by the boots of miners and the overburdened animals that moved goods through the northern plateaus. The animals brought into the Stikine performed two functions: vital roles of pack animals and, once their locomotive value was exhausted, as imported meat and by-products to be sold at market. I argue that the intimate and corporeal connections between humans and wildlife can mediate the experience of nature in unfamiliar and precarious places. In this sense, the very materiality of animals was essential for the maintenance of health and well-being and became the primary physical and emotional mechanism for rendering the extraordinary experience of the Teslin Trail into terms more easily rationalized and commodified by miners, merchants and local populations caught up in the epochal transformation brought into being in the closing years of the nineteenth century.

Jonathan Peyton

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Edge-based correlation image registration for multispectral imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Registration information for images of a common target obtained from a plurality of different spectral bands can be obtained by combining edge detection and phase correlation. The images are edge-filtered, and pairs of the edge-filtered images are then phase correlated to produce phase correlation images. The registration information can be determined based on these phase correlation images.

Nandy, Prabal (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

177

Edge and Impurity Effects on Quantization of Hall Currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's for- mula provided the Fermi energy lies in such a gap1 . Let us recall that the bulk conductance has in a strip along the edge (decaying perturbations far from the edge are also allowed). This enables us of the edge theory for the quantum Hall effect have not been given yet a rigourous mathemati- cal status

178

Synchro-curvature radiation of charged particles in the strong curved magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is generally believed that the radiation of relativistic particles in a curved magnetic field proceeds in either the synchrotron or the curvature radiation modes. In this paper we show that in strong curved magnetic fields a significant fraction of the energy of relativistic electrons can be radiated away in the intermediate, the so-called synchro-curvature regime. Because of the persistent change of the trajectory curvature, the radiation varies with the frequency of particle gyration. While this effect can be ignored in the synchrotron and curvature regimes, the variability plays a key role in the formation of the synchro-curvature radiation. Using the Hamiltonian formalism, we find that the particle trajectory has the form of a helix wound around the drift trajectory. This allows us to calculate analytically the intensity and energy distribution of prompt radiation in the general case of magnetic bremsstrahlung in the curved magnetic field. We show that the transition to the limit of the synchrotron and...

Kelner, S R; Aharonian, F A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Edge Plasma Heating via Cyclotron Harmonic Interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy absorption in the edge region via cyclotron harmonic interaction during plasma heating with the ion-cyclotron range of frequencies is examined. It is shown that the electric field ripple caused by the closely spaced Faraday-shield conductors gives rise to large effective perpendicular wave numbers, resulting in strong cyclotron harmonic damping. For the parameters of the ASDEX tokamak, carbon impurity ions with Z=5 and an initial perpendicular energy of 1 eV could be accelerated to energies in excess of 1 keV in less than 10 ?s (corresponding to about 100 cyclotron orbits).

Satish Puri

1988-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

180

Inferring the effects of curvature of tubulars from pulse propagation tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drilling tubulars typically function under large static and dynamic axial loads. The axial load causes curvature in the tubing and when loads are excessive sections of tubing are forced in contact with the borehole wall. This causes excessive wear and fatigue and leads to failure of the tubing. The feasibility of inferring the incidence of curvature in the tubing and the increase in the attenuation level due to wall contact was investigated with pulse propagation tests on sections of drill tubing. Propagation speed and attenuation as a function of frequency were estimated from impulse response data using a nonlinear least?squares inversion technique. The changes in dispersion of phase speed and attenuation levels were used to identify changes in wall contact condition. Further attenuation levels were also used to identify the presence of tubing curvature through the resultant coupling between axial and bending waves.

V. N. Rama Rao; Dale F. Morgan; J. Kim Vandiver

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Influence of Graphene Curvature on Hydrogen Adsorption: Towards Hydrogen Storage Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability of atomic hydrogen to chemisorb on graphene makes the latter a promising material for hydrogen storage. Based on scanning tunneling microscopy techniques, we report on site-selective adsorption of atomic hydrogen on convexly curved regions of monolayer graphene grown on SiC(0001). This system exhibits an intrinsic curvature owing to the interaction with the substrate. We show that at low coverage hydrogen is found on convex areas of the graphene lattice. No hydrogen is detected on concave regions. These findings are in agreement with theoretical models which suggest that both binding energy and adsorption barrier can be tuned by controlling the local curvature of the graphene lattice. This curvature-dependence combined with the known graphene flexibility may be exploited for storage and controlled release of hydrogen at room temperature making it a valuable candidate for the implementation of hydrogen-storage devices.

Goler, Sarah; Tozzini, Valentina; Piazza, Vincenzo; Mashoff, Torge; Beltram, Fabio; Pellegrini, Vittorio; Heun, Stefan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Anomalous Roughening of Curvature-Driven Growth With a Variable Interface Window  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We studied the curvature-driven roughening of a disk domain pattern with a variable interface window. The relaxation of interface is driven by negative surface tension . When a domain boundary propagates radially at a constant rate, we found that evolution of interface roughness follows scaling dynamic behavior. The local growth exponents are substantially different from the global exponents. Curvature-driven roughening belongs to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics. However, a different surface tension leads to different global exponents. This is different from that of interface evolution with a fixed-size window, which has universal exponent. The variable growth window leads to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics.

Chen, Yong-Jun; Yamaguchi, Tomohiko; Yoshikawa, Kenichi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Anomalous Roughening of Curvature-Driven Growth With a Variable Interface Window  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We studied the curvature-driven roughening of a disk domain pattern with a variable interface window. The relaxation of interface is driven by negative surface tension . When a domain boundary propagates radially at a constant rate, we found that evolution of interface roughness follows scaling dynamic behavior. The local growth exponents are substantially different from the global exponents. Curvature-driven roughening belongs to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics. However, a different surface tension leads to different global exponents. This is different from that of interface evolution with a fixed-size window, which has universal exponent. The variable growth window leads to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics.

Yong-Jun Chen; Yuko Nagamine; Tomohiko Yamaguchi; Kenichi Yoshikawa

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

184

Microchannel Cooled Edge Cladding to Establish an Adiabatic Boundary Condition in a Slab Laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides an edge cladding for a slab laser, the edge cladding comprising a cooling channel system therein.

Albrecht, Georg F.; Beach, Raymond J.; Solarz, Richard W.

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

185

E-Print Network 3.0 - actin flap dynamics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QF... the importance of including actuator dynamics in the model. Trailing-edge flap aerodynamic balance The effect... Aeroelastic Stability of Trailing-Edge ... Source: Shen,...

186

Theory of edge plasma in a spheromak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Properties of the edge plasma in the SSPX spheromak during the plasma formation and sustainment phases are discussed. For the breakdown and formation phase, the main emphasis is on the analysis of possible plasma contamination by impurities from the electrodes of the plasma gun (helicity injector). The issue of an azimuthally uniform breakdown initiation is also discussed. After the plasma settles down in the main vacuum chamber, one has to sustain the current between the electrodes, in order to continuously inject helicity. We discuss properties of the plasma on the field lines intersecting the electrodes. We conclude that the thermal balance of this plasma is maintained by Joule heating competing with parallel heat losses to the electrodes. The resulting plasma temperature is in the range 1530 eV. Under the expected operational conditions, the `current' velocity of the electrons is only slightly below their thermal velocity. Implications of this observation are briefly discussed.

E.B Hooper; R.H Cohen; D.D Ryutov

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Challenges in plasma edge fluid modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma fluid models like B2, UEDGE or EDGE2D are the standard tools for simulation of scrape-off layer physics, both for design and experimental support. The concept of a numerical tokamak, aiming at a predictive code for ITER, triggers the need to re-assess the available tools and their necessary extensions. These additional physics issues will be summarized. The experience existing in other scientific fields with multi-scale problems and modelling should be used as a guide. Here, the coupling strategies are in particular of interest for fusion problems. As a consequence, a certain construction of integrated modelling codes is needed: depending on the specific problem, models allowing different levels of complexity will be needed. Therefore, a hierarchy of tools is necessary, which will be discussed.

R Schneider; A Runov

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Curvature and Convergence G.K. Smyth, Statistics and Applied Probability Program, University of California, Santa Barbara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curvature and Convergence G.K. Smyth, Statistics and Applied Probability Program, University of California, Santa Barbara Abstract Fisher's method of scoring is probably the most important general algorithm in statistics. This paper picks out those aspects of curvature, normal and statistical, which

Smyth, Gordon K.

189

Direct measurement of curvature dependent ion etching of GaN Bentao Cui and P.I. Cohen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct measurement of curvature dependent ion etching of GaN Bentao Cui and P.I. Cohen Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of nanoscale pores or dimples during ion etching of GaN was used to measure the magnitude of the curvature

Cohen, Philip I.

190

Integral edge seals for phosphoric acid fuel cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A phosphoric acid fuel cell having integral edge seals formed by an elastomer permeating an outer peripheral band contiguous with the outer peripheral edges of the cathode and anode assemblies and the matrix to form an integral edge seal which is reliable, easy to manufacture and has creep characteristics similar to the anode, cathode and matrix assemblies inboard of the seals to assure good electrical contact throughout the life of the fuel cell.

Granata, Jr., Samuel J. (South Greensburg, PA); Woodle, Boyd M. (North Huntingdon Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Dunyak, Thomas J. (Blacksburg, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW. KEITH BURNS, that is within " of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the corresponding orbit of the geodesic ow on S n ; n #21; 3, that is within " of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the complement

Burns, Keith

192

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW. KEITH BURNS, that is within '' of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the corresponding orbit of the geodesic flow on S n ; n ?? 3, that is within '' of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the complement

193

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC, that is within " of the round metric and has a geodesic for whi* *ch the corresponding orbit of the geodesic flow is "-dense in the unit tangent bundle. Moreover* *, for any " > 0, we construct

Burns, Keith

194

Curvature Effects on Electron States of Semiconducting Nanotubes Susumu Okada1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is lower in energy than that of the other semiconducting nanotubes of which remainder is 2. This dependence energy 0, satis- factory fit to resonant Raman scatterings by individual nanotubes was obtained [7, 8Curvature Effects on Electron States of Semiconducting Nanotubes Susumu Okada1 , Satoshi Ogawa2

Maruyama, Shigeo

195

Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature Anders Lervik transient non-equilibrium molecular-dynamics simulations, heat-transfer through nanometer-scale interfaces processes. We show that the modeling of heat transfer across a nanodroplet/fluid interface requires

Kjelstrup, Signe

196

Diffusion of curvature on a sheared semi-infinite film Journal: Proceedings A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Manuscript ID: Draft Article Type: Research Date Submitted by the Author: n/a Complete List of Authors, in particular for energy-relaxing `topological transformations'. Curvature is shown to be transported to simulate the rheology of dry foams, predicting realistic bubble shapes and agreeing with experimental

Cox, Simon

197

PROOF COPY 502144JCP Curvature dependent surface tension from a simulation of a cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROOF COPY 502144JCP PROOF COPY 502144JCP Curvature dependent surface tension from a simulation 4 September 2001 Monte Carlo simulations have been used to calculate the surface tension of a planar Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1413514 I. INTRODUCTION The dependence of surface tension on radius

Attard, Phil

198

Integrability of the sub-Riemannian mean curvature of surfaces in ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 2, 2011 ... 1. Introduction. The local summability of the sub-Riemannian mean curvature H of a hypersur- ... 1. 2. (xy ? x y)). A basis for the Lie algebra of left-invariant vector fields on H1 associated with ...... MR2021034 (2005d:43007).

D. Danielli; N. Garofalo; D. M. Nhieu

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

199

Electrostatic Operation and Curvature Modeling for a MEMS Flexible Film Actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrostatic Operation and Curvature Modeling for a MEMS Flexible Film Actuator B. Edmonds, Jr.1 Introduction and Motivation The electrostatic flexible film actuator, also known as an "Artificial Eyelid," is a unique MEMS (MicroElectronic Mechanical System) actuator fabricated from polyimide and thin metal films

200

Travelling graphs for the forced mean curvature motion in an arbitrary space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motion whose asymptotics is driven by . We also describe in terms of a probability measure on SN-2. R´ecrivons aussi en terme d'une mesure de probabilit~A c sur la sph~A¨re SN-2. Keywords: forced mean curvature movement; eikonal equation; Hamilton-Jacobi equations; viscosity solution; reaction diffusion equations

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Algorithm for Discrete Constant Mean Curvature Surfaces Bernd Oberknapp \\Lambda Konrad Polthier y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curvature (cmc surfaces) are the mathematical abstrac­ tion of physical soap films and soap bubbles. Such surfaces behave like rubber bands which try to contract under their surface tension and thereby to minimize a class of surfaces which covers more than the set of physically existing soap bubbles. In general

Polthier, Konrad

202

Probing interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we place observational constraints on the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model. We consider three kinds of phenomenological interactions between holographic dark energy and matter, i.e., the interaction term Q is proportional to the energy densities of dark energy (?{sub ?}), matter (?{sub m}), and matter plus dark energy (?{sub m}+?{sub ?}). For probing the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model, we use the latest observational data including the type Ia supernovae (SNIa) Constitution data, the shift parameter of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) given by the five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP5) observations, and the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurement from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Our results show that the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model are both rather small. Besides, it is interesting to find that there exists significant degeneracy between the phenomenological interaction and the spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model.

Li, Miao [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Li, Xiao-Dong [Interdisciplinary Center for Theoretical Study, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Wang, Shuang [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Wang, Yi [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, H3A2T8 (Canada); Zhang, Xin, E-mail: mli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: renzhe@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: swang@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: wangyi@hep.physics.mcgill.ca, E-mail: zhangxin@mail.neu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Probing interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we place observational constraints on the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model. We consider three kinds of phenomenological interactions between holographic dark energy and matter, i.e., the interaction term $Q$ is proportional to the energy densities of dark energy ($\\rho_{\\Lambda}$), matter ($\\rho_{m}$), and matter plus dark energy ($\\rho_m+\\rho_{\\Lambda}$). For probing the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model, we use the latest observational data including the type Ia supernovae (SNIa) Constitution data, the shift parameter of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) given by the five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP5) observations, and the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurement from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Our results show that the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model are both rather small. Besides, it is interesting to find that there exists significant degeneracy between the phenomenological interaction and the spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model.

Miao Li; Xiao-Dong Li; Shuang Wang; Yi Wang; Xin Zhang

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

204

Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod R. M. McDermott 1 , B. Lipschultz 1 , K. Marr 1 , I. Bespamyatnov 2 , J. W. Hughes 1 , W. Rowan 2, , D. Whyte 1 1 Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA 2 Fusion Research Center, University of Texas, Austin Texas, USA Edge CXRS System on Alcator C-Mod E r in L-Mode Plasmas Calculation of the Radial Electric Field C G D Edge Poloidal System:

205

High-Fidelity Simulation of Tokamak Edge Plasma Transport | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plasma density fluctuation from large amplitude nonlinear turbulence in the tokamak edge region, obtained from the gyrokinetic code XGC1 Plasma density fluctuation from large...

206

High-frequency filtered images of an optically thick edge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peculiarities of high-frequency filtering (contouring) of images of symmetric thick (extended along the optical axis) edge are investigated in analytical form by the KirchhoffFresnel...

Chugui, Yu V; Sokolov, V A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Traditional Marketing * Brochures * Fact sheets * Direct mail * Public relations * Advertising * Articles 19 Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Less Personal......

208

Electron spin magnetism of zigzag graphene nanoribbon edge states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electron spin states of zigzag graphene nanoribbon (ZGNR) edge play a pivotal role in the applications of graphene nanoribbons. However, the exact arrangements of the electron spins remain unclear to date. In this report, the electronic spin states of the ZGNR edge have been elucidated through a combination of quantum chemical investigation and previous electron spin resonance experiment observations. An alternating ? and ? spin configuration of the unpaired electrons along the ZGNR edge is established in ambient condition without any external magnetic field, and the origin of the spin magnetism of the ZGNR edge is revealed. It paves a pathway for the understanding and design of graphene based electronic and spintronic devices.

Xu, Kun, E-mail: xu83@purdue.edu; Ye, Peide D. [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

209

SolarEdge Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name: SolarEdge Technologies Inc Place: Hod Hasharon, Israel Zip: 45240 Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based startup developing a power control system for solar systems,...

210

Edges in CNC polishing: from mirror-segments towards semiconductors, paper 1: edges on processing the global surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Segment-edges for extremely large telescopes are critical for observations requiring high contrast and SNR, e.g. detecting exo-planets. In parallel, industrial requirements for...

Walker, David; Yu, Guoyu; Li, Hongyu; Messelink, Wilhelmus; Evans, Rob; Beaucamp, Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Edge-Preserving Wavelet-Based Multisensor Image Fusion Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interesting potential in the fusion of images obtained from possibly different types of sensors that needEdge-Preserving Wavelet-Based Multisensor Image Fusion Approach Lahouari Ghouti, Ahmed Bouridane propose an image fusion scheme where image edges, characterized by wavelet maxima, are considered

Ghouti, Lahouari

212

Enhanced Half-Metallicity in Edge-Oxidized Zigzag Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced Half-Metallicity in Edge-Oxidized Zigzag Graphene Nanoribbons Oded Hod,* Vero´nica Barone theoretical study of the electronic properties and relative stabilities of edge-oxidized zigzag graphene with nanometer scale dimen- sions. Recently, a new type of graphene-based material was experimentally realized.12

Hod, Oded

213

Patch-Based Texture Edges and Segmentation , Xiaolei Huang2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patch-Based Texture Edges and Segmentation Lior Wolf1 , Xiaolei Huang2 , Ian Martin1 , and Dimitris for extracting texture edges is introduced. It is based on the combination of two ideas: the patch-based approach is often referred to as "patch- based" since a fragment around each pixel is used in order to compute

Wolf, Lior

214

Edge profile measurements using Thomson scattering on the KSTAR tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the KSTAR Tokamak, a Tangential Thomson Scattering (TTS) diagnostic system has been designed and installed to measure electron density and temperature profiles. In the edge system, TTS has 12 optical fiber bundles to measure the edge profiles with 1015 mm spatial resolution. These 12 optical fibers and their spatial resolution are not enough to measure the pedestal width with a high accuracy but allow observations of L-H transition or H-L transitions at the edge. For these measurements, the prototype ITER edge Thomson Nd:YAG laser system manufactured by JAEA in Japan is installed. In this paper, the KSTAR TTS system is briefly described and some TTS edge profiles are presented and compared against the KSTAR Charge Exchange Spectroscopy and other diagnostics. The future upgrade plan of the system is also discussed in this paper.

Lee, J. H., E-mail: jhleel@nfri.re.kr; Ko, W. H. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Science, University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Oh, S.; Lee, W. R.; Kim, K. P.; Lee, K. D.; Jeon, Y. M.; Yoon, S. W.; Cho, K. W. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Narihara, K.; Yamada, I.; Yasuhara, R. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Nagoya (Japan); Hatae, T.; Yatsuka, E.; Ono, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka (Japan); Hong, J. H. [Department of Physics, KAIST (Korea, Republic of)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

AN EDGE DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING INTERNET INTEGRATED SERVICES OVER SWITCHED ATM NETWORKS AN EDGE DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING INTERNET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parts of the Internet where the un- derlying link layer technology would be able to give good supportAN EDGE DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING INTERNET INTEGRATED SERVICES OVER SWITCHED ATM NETWORKS AN EDGE DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING INTERNET INTEGRATED SERVICES OVER SWITCHED ATM NETWORKS H. Hussmann Dresden

216

How (Not) to Protect Genomic Data Privacy in a Distributed Network: Using Trail Re-identification to Evaluate and Design Privacy Protection Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 How (Not) to Protect Genomic Data Privacy in a Distributed Network: Using Trail Re-specific genomic data into clinical practice and research raises serious privacy concerns. Various systems have being disclosed, they lack formal proofs. In this paper, we study the erosion of privacy when genomic

217

A Functional, New Short Isoform of Death Receptor 4 in Ewing's Sarcoma Cell Lines May be Involved in TRAIL Sensitivity/Resistance Mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the molecular dynamics simulation of the bDR4-TRAIL...domain (34). Our modeling study indicates that...recruitment is more rapid or effective when DR4...1978-1997. Report from the Automated Childhood Cancer Information...domain. According to modeling studies, the contact...

Galle Picarda; Sylvanie Surget; Romain Guiho; Stphane Tletcha; Martine Berreur; Franck Tirode; Catherine Pellat-Deceunynck; Dominique Heymann; Valrie Trichet; and Franoise Rdini

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Reduction in Young`s modulus of aluminum foams due to cell wall curvature and corrugation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the Young`s modulus and compressive strength of several closed-cell aluminum foams indicate that they are lower than expected from models for foam behavior. Microstructural characterization has revealed that there are a number of defects in the cell structure which may contribute to the reduction in mechanical properties. These include: cell wall curvature, cell wall corrugations, density variations and non-equiaxed cell shape. Finite element analysis of a closed-cell tetrakaidecahedral unit cell with idealized curved or corrugated cell walls indicates that these two types of defects can reduce the Young`s modulus and compressive strength by up to 70%. In this paper the authors report the results of measurements of the curvature of the cell walls and of the amplitude and frequency of corrugations in the cell walls and use simple bounds to estimate the reduction in modulus that they are responsible for.

Sanders, W.; Gibson, L.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

219

Covariantly Constant Curvature Tensors and D=3, N=4, 5, 8 Chern-Simons Matter Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct some examples of D=3, N=4 GW theory and N=5 superconformal Chern-Simons matter theory by using the covariantly constant curvature of a quaternionic-Kahler manifold to construct the symplectic 3-algebra in the theories. Comparing with the previous theories, the N=4, 5 theories constructed in this way possess a local Sp(2n) symmetry and a diffeomorphism symmetry associated with the quaternionic-Kahler manifold. We also construct a generalized N=8 BLG theory by utilizing the dual curvature operator of a maximally symmetric space of dimension 4 to construct the Nambu 3-algebra. Comparing with the previous N=8 BLG theory, the theory has a diffeomorphism invariance and a local SO(4) invariance associated with the symmetric space.

Fa-Min Chen

2011-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

220

Surface tension and curvature energy of quark matter in the NJL model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the surface tension and the curvature energy of three-flavor quark matter in equilibrium under weak interactions within the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We include the effect of color superconductivity and describe finite size effects within the multiple reflection expansion (MRE) framework. Our calculations result in large values of the surface tension which disfavor the formation of mixed phases at the hadron-quark inter-phase inside a hybrid star.

G. Lugones; A. G. Grunfeld; M. Al Ajmi

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electricity Transmission, Pipelines, and National Trails. An Analysis of Current and Potential Intersections on Federal Lands in the Eastern United States, Alaska, and Hawaii  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As has been noted in many reports and publications, acquiring new or expanded rights-of-way for transmission is a challenging process, because numerous land use and land ownership constraints must be overcome to develop pathways suitable for energy transmission infrastructure. In the eastern U.S., more than twenty federally protected national trails (some of which are thousands of miles long, and cross many states) pose a potential obstacle to the development of new or expanded electricity transmission capacity. However, the scope of this potential problem is not well-documented, and there is no baseline information available that could allow all stakeholders to study routing scenarios that could mitigate impacts on national trails. This report, Electricity Transmission, Pipelines, and National Trails: An Analysis of Current and Potential Intersections on Federal Lands in the Eastern United States, was prepared by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne). Argonne was tasked by DOE to analyze the footprint of the current network of National Historic and Scenic Trails and the electricity transmission system in the 37 eastern contiguous states, Alaska, and Hawaii; assess the extent to which national trails are affected by electrical transmission; and investigate the extent to which national trails and other sensitive land use types may be affected in the near future by planned transmission lines. Pipelines are secondary to transmission lines for analysis, but are also within the analysis scope in connection with the overall directives of Section 368 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and because of the potential for electrical transmission lines being collocated with pipelines. Based on Platts electrical transmission line data, a total of 101 existing intersections with national trails on federal land were found, and 20 proposed intersections. Transmission lines and pipelines are proposed in Alaska; however there are no locations that intersect national trails. Source data did not indicate any planned transmission lines or pipelines in Hawaii. A map atlas provides more detailed mapping of the topics investigated in this study, and the accompanying GIS database provides the baseline information for further investigating locations of interest. In many cases the locations of proposed transmission lines are not accurately mapped (or a specific route may not yet be determined), and accordingly the specific crossing locations are speculative. However since both national trails and electrical transmission lines are long linear systems, the characteristics of the crossings reported in this study are expected to be similar to both observed characteristics of the existing infrastructure provided in this report, and of the new infrastructure if these proposed projects are built. More focused study of these siting challenges is expected to mitigate some of potential impacts by choosing routes that minimize or eliminate them. The current study primarily addresses a set of screening-level characterizations that provide insights into how the National Trail System may influence the siting of energy transport facilities in the states identified under Section 368(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. As such, it initializes gathering and beginning analysis of the primary environmental and energy data, and maps the contextual relationships between an important national environmental asset and how this asset intersects with energy planning activities. Thus the current study sets the stage for more in-depth analyses and data development activities that begin to solve key transmission siting constraints. Our recommendations for future work incorporate two major areas: (1) database development and analytics and (2) modeling and scenario analysis for energy planning. These recommendations provide a path forward to address key issues originally developed under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 that are now being carried forward under the Presidents Climate Action Plan.

Kuiper, James A; Krummel, John R; Hlava, Kevin J; Moore, H Robert; Orr, Andrew B; Schlueter, Scott O; Sullivan, Robert G; Zvolanek, Emily A

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

222

Non-linear curvature perturbation in multi-field inflation models with non-minimal coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the ?N formalism we consider the non-linear curvature perturbation in multi-field models of inflation with non-minimal coupling. In particular, we focus on the relation between the ?N formalism as applied in the conformally related Jordan and Einstein frames. Exploiting results already known in the Einstein frame, we give expressions for the power spectrum, spectral tilt and non-gaussianity associated with the Jordan frame curvature perturbation. In the case that an adiabatic limit has not been reached, we find that in general these quantities differ from those associated with the Einstein frame curvature perturbation, and also confirm their equivalence in the absence of isocurvature modes. We then proceed to consider two analytically soluble examples, the first involving a non-minimally coupled 'spectator' field and the second being a non-minimally coupled extension of the multi-brid inflation model. In the first model we find that predictions can easily be brought into agreement with the recent Planck results, as the tensor-to-scalar ratio is generally small, the spectral tilt tuneable and the non-gaussianity suppressed. In the second model we find that predictions for all three parameters can differ substantially from those predicted in the minimally coupled case, and that the recent Planck results for the spectral tilt can be used to constrain the non-minimal coupling parameters.

White, Jonathan; Minamitsuji, Masato; Sasaki, Misao, E-mail: jwhite@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: masato.minamitsuji@ist.utl.pt, E-mail: misao@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Black holes in higher dimensional gravity theory with corrections quadratic in curvature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Static spherically symmetric black holes are discussed in the framework of higher dimensional gravity with quadratic in curvature terms. Such terms naturally arise as a result of quantum corrections induced by quantum fields propagating in the gravitational background. We focus our attention on the correction of the form C{sup 2}=C{sub {alpha}}{sub {beta}}{sub {gamma}}{sub {delta}}C{sup {alpha}}{sup {beta}}{sup {gamma}}{sup {delta}}. The Gauss-Bonnet equation in four-dimensional spacetime enables one to reduce this term in the action to the terms quadratic in the Ricci tensor and scalar curvature. As a result the Schwarzschild solution which is Ricci flat will be also a solution of the theory with the Weyl scalar C{sup 2} correction. An important new feature of the spaces with dimension D>4 is that in the presence of the Weyl curvature-squared term a necessary solution differs from the corresponding 'classical' vacuum Tangherlini metric. This difference is related to the presence of secondary or induced hair. We explore how the Tangherlini solution is modified by 'quantum corrections', assuming that the gravitational radius r{sub 0} is much larger than the scale of the quantum corrections. We also demonstrated that finding a general solution beyond the perturbation method can be reduced to solving a single third order ordinary differential equation (master equation)

Frolov, Valeri P. [Theoretical Physics Institute, Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2J1 (Canada); Shapiro, Ilya L. [Departamento de Fisica, ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, CEP: 36036-330, Juiz de Fora, MG (Brazil)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Measurement of the curvature of a surface using parallel light beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for measuring curvature of a surface wherein a beam of collimated light is passed through means for producing a plurality of parallel light beams each separated by a common distance which then reflect off the surface to fall upon a detector that measures the separation of the reflected beams of light. This means can be an etalon and the combination of a diffractive element and a converging lens. The curvature of the surface along the line onto which the multiple beams fall can be calculated from this information. A two-dimensional map of the curvature can be obtained by adding a second etalon (or a second combination of a diffractive element and a converging lens) which is rotated 90.degree. about the optical axis relative to the first etalon and inclined at the same angle. The second etalon creates an individual set of parallel light beams from each of the individual beams created by the first etalon with the sets of parallel light beams from the second etalon rotated 90.degree. relative to the line onto which the single set of parallel beams from the first etalon would have fallen.

Chason, Eric H. (Sandia Park, NM); Floro, Jerrold A. (Edgewood, NM); Seager, Carleton H. (Albuquerque, NM); Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Measurement of the curvature of a surface using parallel light beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus is disclosed for measuring curvature of a surface wherein a beam of collimated light is passed through a means for producing a plurality of parallel light beams each separated by a common distance which then reflect off the surface to fall upon a detector that measures the separation of the reflected beams of light. This means can be an etalon and the combination of a diffractive element and a converging lens. The curvature of the surface along the line onto which the multiple beams fall can be calculated from this information. A two-dimensional map of the curvature can be obtained by adding a second etalon (or a second combination of a diffractive element and a converging lens) which is rotated 90[degree] about the optical axis relative to the first etalon and inclined at the same angle. The second etalon creates an individual set of parallel light beams from each of the individual beams created by the first etalon with the sets of parallel light beams from the second etalon rotated 90[degree] relative to the line onto which the single set of parallel beams from the first etalon would have fallen. 5 figs.

Chason, E.H.; Floro, J.A.; Seager, C.H.; Sinclair, M.B.

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Vegetation's Red Edge: A Possible Spectroscopic Biosignature of Extraterrestrial Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth's deciduous plants have a sharp order-of-magnitude increase in leaf reflectance between approximately 700 and 750 nm wavelength. This strong reflectance of Earth's vegetation suggests that surface biosignatures with sharp spectral features might be detectable in the spectrum of scattered light from a spatially unresolved extrasolar terrestrial planet. We assess the potential of Earth's step-function-like spectroscopic feature, referred to as the "red edge", as a tool for astrobiology. We review the basic characteristics and physical origin of the red edge and summarize its use in astronomy: early spectroscopic efforts to search for vegetation on Mars and recent reports of detection of the red edge in the spectrum of Earthshine (i.e., the spatially integrated scattered light spectrum of Earth). We present Earthshine observations from Apache Point Observatory to emphasize that time variability is key to detecting weak surface biosignatures such as the vegetation red edge. We briefly discuss the evolutionary advantages of vegetation's red edge reflectance, and speculate that while extraterrestrial "light harvesting organisms" have no compelling reason to display the exact same red edge feature as terrestrial vegetation, they might have similar spectroscopic features at different wavelengths than terrestrial vegetation. This implies that future terrestrial-planet-characterizing space missions should obtain data that allow time-varying, sharp spectral features at unknown wavelengths to be identified. We caution that some mineral reflectance edges are similar in slope and strength to vegetation's red edge (albeit at different wavelengths); if an extrasolar planet reflectance edge is detected care must be taken with its interpretation.

Sara Seager; Edwin L. Turner; Justin Schafer; Eric B. Ford

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

227

Moisture and temperature effects on curvature of anti-symmetric cross-ply graphite/epoxy laminates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MOISTURE AND TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON CURVATURE OF ANTI-SYMMETRIC CROSS-PLY GRAPHITE/EPOXY LAMINATES A Thesis by RANDALL STEPHEN LOTT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering MOISTURE AND TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON CURVATURE OF ANTI-SYMMETRIC CROSS-PLY GRAPHITE/EPOXY LAMINATES A Thesis by RANDALL STEPHEN LOTT Approved as to style and content...

Lott, Randall Stephen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Graphene flakes with defective edge terminations: Universal and topological aspects, and one-dimensional quantum behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene flakes with defective edge terminations: Universal and topological aspects, and one graphene nanoflakes with reconstructed zigzag edges, where a succes- sion of pentagons and heptagons these spectra. The electronic spectra of trigonal graphene nanoflakes with reczag edge terminations exhibit

Yannouleas, Constantine

229

X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Ni-K edge in Stackhousia tryonii Bailey hyperaccumulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the NiK edge inin vivo by micro x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at theNiK edge. Both x-ray absorption near edge structure and

Kachenko, A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

PPPL scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PPPL scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting November 12, 2013 By: Kitta MacPherson Gallery: More than 1,500 researchers, including scientists from the...

231

Measles on the Edge: Coastal Heterogeneities and Infection Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ottar N. Bjornstad1,3,4,5 , Bryan T. Grenfell1,4,5 1 Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State models. Citation: Bharti N, Xia Y, Bjornstad ON, Grenfell BT (2008) Measles on the Edge: Coastal

232

Theory for induced convection experiments in the tokamak edge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory for induced convection experiments in the tokamak edge P. Helander1 , D.D. Ryutov2 , and R National Laboratory, Livermore, USA By biasing alternate divertor plates in a tokamak, one can create

233

Chiral Edge Currents in a Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the Josephson effect and the appearance of dissipationless edge currents in a holographic Josephson junction configuration involving a chiral, time-reversal breaking, superconductor in 2+1 dimensions. Such a superconductor is expected to be topological, thereby supporting topologically protected gapless Majorana-Weyl edge modes. Such modes manifest themselves in chiral dissipationless edge currents, which we exhibit and investigate in the context of our construction. The physics of the Josephson current itself, though expected to be unconventional in some non-equilibrium settings, is shown to be conventional in our setup which takes place in thermal equilibrium. We comment on various ways in which the expected Majorana nature of the edge excitations, and relatedly the unconventional nature of topological Josephson junctions, can be verified in the holographic context.

Rozali, Moshe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Chiral Edge Currents in a Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the Josephson effect and the appearance of dissipationless edge currents in a holographic Josephson junction configuration involving a chiral, time-reversal breaking, superconductor in 2+1 dimensions. Such a superconductor is expected to be topological, thereby supporting topologically protected gapless Majorana-Weyl edge modes. Such modes manifest themselves in chiral dissipationless edge currents, which we exhibit and investigate in the context of our construction. The physics of the Josephson current itself, though expected to be unconventional in some non-equilibrium settings, is shown to be conventional in our setup which takes place in thermal equilibrium. We comment on various ways in which the expected Majorana nature of the edge excitations, and relatedly the unconventional nature of topological Josephson junctions, can be verified in the holographic context.

Moshe Rozali; Alexandre Vincart-Emard

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

235

Adiabatic Dynamics of Edge Waves in Photonic Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The propagation of localized edge modes in photonic honeycomb lattices, formed from an array of adiabatically varying periodic helical waveguides, is considered. Asymptotic analysis leads to an explicit description of the underlying dynamics. Depending on parameters, edge states can exist over an entire period or only part of a period; in the latter case an edge mode can effectively disintegrate and scatter into the bulk. In the presence of nonlinearity, a `time'-dependent one-dimensional nonlinear Schr\\"odinger (NLS) equation describes the envelope dynamics of edge modes. When the average of the `time varying' coefficients yields a focusing NLS equation, soliton propagation is exhibited. For both linear and nonlinear systems, certain long lived traveling modes with minimal backscattering are found; they exhibit properties of topologically protected states.

Ablowitz, M J; Ma, Y -P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Retail/commercial edges in the contemporary urban context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis ascertains what morphological and functional characteristics are germane to retail edges. The work is structured around and supportive of an attitude that views social interaction as a vital and necessary ...

O'Neill, Brian Charles

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The edge observed : island landscape for a marine biology facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the concept of edges through observation and design. The intent of the observation/design is to understand and to illustrate possibilities for design that will enrich the experience of the built ...

Stringer, Geraldine A

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at 72 By John Greenwald February 15, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook John Schmidt,...

239

Evolution of Landau levels into edge states in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-dimensional electron systems in the presence of a magnetic field support topologically ordered states, in which the coexistence of an insulating bulk with conducting one-dimensional chiral edge states gives rise to the ...

Li, Guohong

240

TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...

Zsom, Andras

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption edge detector Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

XAFS , x-ray ab- sorption near-edge spectroscopy XANES and diffraction anomalous... of a standard sample, with known absorption edge features at tabulated energies, and 3...

242

Geometric Design of Spherical Serial Chains with Curvature Constraints in the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ed in the rst location and constraint forces in the second location. Thus, the matrix functions [K1(t)] = [K10 ] + [K 1 1 ]t+ 1 2 [K12 ]t 2; [K2(t)] = [K20 ] + [K 2 1 ]t; (3.18) 18 where [Kj0 ], [K j 1 ], j = 1; 2 and [K 1 2... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 B. Summary of Planar Research for Contact Speci cations . . 21 IV SPHERICAL VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION CON- STRAINTS DEFINED BY CONTACT AND CURVATURE CONSTRAINTS : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 22 A. Task Speci cation...

Tolety, Anurag Bharadwaj

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

243

Curvature and torsion effects in electric current-carrying twisted solar loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Riemannian geometry of the electric current-carrying solar loops is obtained from a thin tube approximation of twisted magnetic flux tubes. The Frenet torsion and curvature affect the electron drift speed of the electrons of the current along the toroidal direction of the tube. The twist of the tube is computed and it is shown that twist is maximum at the surface of the tube and minimum at the tube axis. This acts as inertia effects to the electron drift. The higher the torsion of the tube axis the smaller is the velocity along the direction of the tube. This effect is similar to the one obtained by Tyspin et al. [Physics of Plasmas, 5, 3385 (1998)] in the case of toroidal devices with curvature and torsion. Here the simple geometrical effects are enough to slow down the currents and no viscosity in the fluid is taken into account. A slight compressibility of the plasma flow is due to the twist of the tube. As applications of these ideas, it is shown that torsion effects are not enough to accelerate electrons up to relativistic energies, and the torsion is computed in the case of the force-free loop. The value of torsion is used to compute the electron acceleration in two distinct cases. The first is the case when the Riemann loop suffers the action of a dc electric sub-Dreicer field, where the magnetic field is direct along the magnetic loop, and the loop moves along the orthogonal direction to the loop as in vortex filaments. In this case, the acceleration is shown to be of the order of 10{sup -17} cm s{sup -2} for a solar torsion of the order of 10{sup -4} cm{sup -1}. The second case is for the curvature drift contribution, where torsion is also present. In this case we show that torsion is not present in the velocity drift but just in the electron acceleration. Though these values are extremely low, they can be improved by considering small loops lowering the radius of the loop which, here, was taken as 600 km. Curvature drift acceleration is also estimated as 100 cm s{sup -2}.

Garcia de Andrade, L. C. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica-IF-UERJ, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, Rio de Janeiro, RJ Maracana, CEP 20550-013 Brazil (Brazil)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Cosmological perturbations in theories with non-minimal coupling between curvature and matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we examine how the presence of a non-minimal coupling between spacetime curvature and matter affects the evolution of cosmological perturbations on a homogeneous and isotropic Universe, and hence the formation of large-scale structure. This framework places constraints on the terms which arise due to the coupling with matter and, in particular, on the modified growth of matter density perturbations. We derive approximate analytical solutions for the evolution of matter overdensities during the matter dominated era and discuss the compatibility of the obtained results with the hypothesis that the late time acceleration of the Universe is driven by a non-minimal coupling.

Bertolami, Orfeu [Departamento de Fsica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Cincias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Frazo, Pedro; Pramos, Jorge, E-mail: orfeu.bertolami@fc.up.pt, E-mail: pedro.frazao@ist.utl.pt, E-mail: paramos@ist.edu [Instituto de Plasmas e Fuso Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tcnico, Universidade Tcnica de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The influence of the curvature dependence of the surface tension on the geometry of electrically charged menisci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate how the curvature dependence of surface tension affects the shape of electrically charged interfaces between a perfectly conducting fluid and its vapour. We consider two cases: i) spherical droplets in equilibrium with their vapour; ii) menisci pending in a capillary tube in presence of a conducting plate at given electric potential drop. Tolman-like dependence of surface tension on curvature becomes important when the "nucleation radius" is comparable with the interface curvature radius. In case i) we prove existence of the equilibrium minimal radius and estimate its dependence on the electric field and Tolmanlike curvature effects. In case ii) the menisci are subject to the gravitational force, surface tension and electrostatic fields We determine the unknown surface of the menisci to which the potential is assigned using an iterative numerical method and show that Tolman-like corrections imply: 1) a variation of the height (up to 10% in some cases) of the tip of the menisci; 2) a decrease of the maximum electrical potential applicable to the menisci before their breakdown amounting to 40V over 800V in the considered cases. We conjecture that these effects could be used in new experiments based on electric measurements to determine the dependence of the equilibrium surface tension on curvature

Ramiro dell'Erba; Francesco dell'Isola; Giacomo Rotoli

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

246

Equality of bulk and edge Hall conductances for continuous magnetic random Schrdinger operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, we prove the equality of the quantum bulk and the edge Hall conductances in mobility edges and in presence of disorder. The bulk and edge perturbations can be either of electric or magnetic nature. The edge conductance is regularized in a suitable way to enable the Fermi level to lie in a region of localized states.

Amal Taarabt

2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

247

EDGE-DISJOINT HAMILTON CYCLES IN RANDOM GRAPHS FIACHRA KNOX, DANIELA KUHN AND DERYK OSTHUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDGE-DISJOINT HAMILTON CYCLES IN RANDOM GRAPHS FIACHRA KNOX, DANIELA K¨UHN AND DERYK OSTHUS a collection of (G)/2 edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles in G Gn,p, plus an additional edge-disjoint matching of Frieze and Krivelevich. 1. Introduction The question of how many edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles one can

Kühn, Daniela

248

Real-time curvature and optical spectroscopy monitoring of magnetron-sputtered \\{WTi\\} alloy thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract \\{WTi\\} thin films are known as potential adhesion promoters and diffusion barriers. \\{WTi\\} thin films were deposited by magnetron sputtering from an alloyed target (W:Ti~70:30at.%). Real-time surface differential reflectance (SDR) spectroscopy and wafer-curvature measurements were performed during deposition to study the growth and the film continuity threshold. SDR measurements during \\{WTi\\} deposition allow the determination of the change in reflectivity of p-polarized light (at Si substrate Brewster's angle) between \\{WTi\\} film and Si substrate in order to monitor layer growth. The comparison between experimental and simulated \\{WTi\\} SDR signals assuming a homogeneous and continuous layer growth shows that film continuity is ensured beyond a thickness of 4.50.2nm. Real-time wafer-curvature measurements allow the determination of the intrinsic stress development in the film. Two regimes are noticed during the growth up to the development of a compressive steady state stress. The early stages of growth are rather complicated and divided into sub-regimes with similar boundaries revealed by both in situ techniques. Deposition of an interfacial continuous layer different from \\{WTi\\} bulk is suggested by both in situ techniques below a thickness of 4.5nm.

A. Le Priol; L. Simonot; G. Abadias; P. Gurin; P.-O. Renault; E. Le Bourhis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Market |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Market Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Market October 13, 2011 - 4:11pm Addthis The inside of the specimen/vacuum chamber of NREL's FEI Nova 200 dual beam electron microscope used to analyze the topography of materials such as Innovalight's Silicon Ink. The instrument is used to produce site-specific sections for high spatial microstructural analysis. The inside of the specimen/vacuum chamber of NREL's FEI Nova 200 dual beam electron microscope used to analyze the topography of materials such as Innovalight's Silicon Ink. The instrument is used to produce site-specific sections for high spatial microstructural analysis. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

250

Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Potential |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Potential Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Potential November 5, 2013 - 3:36pm Addthis The Building Technologies Office’s Emerging Technologies Program works to advance new commerical building technologies that are expected to reach the marketplace in five years or less. | Photo of National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility by Dennis Schroeder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory The Building Technologies Office's Emerging Technologies Program works to advance new commerical building technologies that are expected to reach the marketplace in five years or less. | Photo of National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility by Dennis Schroeder, National

251

Known algorithms for EDGE CLIQUE COVER are probably optimal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the EDGE CLIQUE COVER problem, given a graph G and an integer k, we ask whether the edges of G can be covered with k complete subgraphs of G or, equivalently, whether G admits an intersection model on k-element universe. Gramm et al. [JEA 2008] shown a set of simple rules that reduce the number of vertices of G to 2^k, and no algorithm is known with significantly better running time bound than a brute-force search on this reduced instance. In this paper we show that the approach of Gramm et al. is essentially optimal: we present a polynomial time algorithm that reduces an arbitrary 3-CNF-SAT formula with n variables and m clauses to an equivalent EDGE CLIQUE COVER instance (G,k) with k = O(log n) and |V(G)| = O(n + m).

Cygan, Marek; Pilipczuk, Micha?

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Guided Wave Inspection for Bottom Edge of Rails  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Defects in a railhead and web can be detected with rail inspection cars and rail inspection tools equipped with special transducers such as wheel probes. However bottom edges of rails easily damaged regions due to contact to soil and fastening are blind zones for the conventional ultrasonic inspection technique in which signals are input from a railhead. In this paper inspection technique for defects in bottom edges of rails using guided waves were described. Dispersion curves for a rail obtained by a semi analytical finite element calculation show that a lot of propagating modes exist in a frequency region used for guided wave inspection eg. 10kHz 200kHz. Guided wave modes mainly vibrating a bottom edge of a rail were selected among the many modes in dispersion curves and then defect detection tests were done using the selected modes. Good reflections from an artificial defect and a rail end were obtained with a vertically vibrating mode.

T. Hayashi; Y. Miyazaki; M. Murase; T. Abe

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Composite polymer: Glass edge cladding for laser disks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Large neodymium glass laser disks for disk amplifiers such as those used in the Nova laser require an edge cladding which absorbs at 1 micrometer. This cladding prevents edge reflections from causing parasitic oscillations which would otherwise deplete the gain. Nova now utilizes volume-absorbing monolithic-glass claddings which are fused at high temperature to the disks. These perform quite well but are expensive to produce. Absorbing glass strips are adhesively bonded to the edges of polygonal disks using a bonding agent whose index of refraction matches that of both the laser and absorbing glass. Optical finishing occurs after the strips are attached. Laser disks constructed with such claddings have shown identical gain performance to the previous Nova disks and have been tested for hundreds of shots without significant degradation. 18 figs.

Powell, H.T.; Wolfe, C.A.; Campbell, J.H.; Murray, J.E.; Riley, M.O.; Lyon, R.E.; Jessop, E.S.

1987-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

Composite polymer-glass edge cladding for laser disks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Large neodymium glass laser disks for disk amplifiers such as those used in the Nova laser require an edge cladding which absorbs at 1 micrometer. This cladding prevents edge reflections from causing parasitic oscillations which would otherwise deplete the gain. Nova now utilizes volume-absorbing monolithic-glass claddings which are fused at high temperature to the disks. These perform quite well but are expensive to produce. Absorbing glass strips are adhesively bonded to the edges of polygonal disks using a bonding agent whose index of refraction matches that of both the laser and absorbing glass. Optical finishing occurs after the strips are attached. Laser disks constructed with such claddings have shown identical gain performance to the previous Nova disks and have been tested for hundreds of shots without significant degradation.

Powell, Howard T. (Livermore, CA); Riley, Michael O. (San Ramon, CA); Wolfe, Charles R. (Palo Alto, CA); Lyon, Richard E. (Livermore, CA); Campbell, John H. (Livermore, CA); Jessop, Edward S. (Tracy, CA); Murray, James E. (Livermore, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Subwavelength edge detection through trapped resonances in waveguides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lenses that can collect the perfect image of an object must restore propagative and evanescent waves. However, for efficient information transfer, e.g., in compressed sensing, it is often desirable to detect only the fast spatial variations of the wave field (carried by evanescent waves), as the one created by edges or small details. Image processing edge detection algorithms perform such operation but they add time and complexity to the imaging process. Here, we present a new subwavelength approach that generates an image of only those components of the acoustic field that are equal to or smaller than the operating wavelength. The proposed technique converts evanescent waves into propagative waves exciting trapped resonances in a waveguide, and it uses periodicity to attenuate the propagative components. This approach achieves resolutions about an order of magnitude smaller than the operating wavelength and makes it possible to visualize independently edges aligned along different directions.

Molern, Miguel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Predicting the Performance of Edge Seal Materials for PV (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Edge seal materials were evaluated using a 100-nm film of Ca deposited on glass and laminated to another glass substrate. As moisture penetrates the package it converts the Ca metal to transparent CaOH2 giving a clear indication of the depth to which moisture has entered. Using this method, we have exposed test samples to a variety of temperature and humidity conditions ranging from 45C and 10% RH up to 85C and 85% RH, to ultraviolet radiation and to mechanical stress. We are able to show that edge seal materials are capable of keeping moisture away from sensitive cell materials for the life of a module.

Kempe, M.; Panchagade, D.; Dameron, A.; Reese, M.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Role of chemical termination in edge contact to graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Edge contacts to graphene can offer excellent contact properties. Role of different chemical terminations is examined by using ab initio density functional theory and quantum transport simulations. It is found that edge termination by group VI elements O and S offers considerably lower contact resistance compared to H and group VII element F. The results can be understood by significantly larger binding energy and shorter binding distance between the metal contact and these group VI elements, which results in considerably lower interface potential barrier and larger transmission. The qualitative conclusion applies to a variety of contact metal materials.

Gao, Qun; Guo, Jing, E-mail: guoj@ufl.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Gate-controlled ultraviolet photo-etching of graphene edges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chemical reactivity of graphene under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation is investigated under positive and negative gate electric fields. Graphene edges are selectively etched when negative gate voltages are applied while the reactivity is significantly suppressed for positive gate voltages. Oxygen adsorption onto graphene is significantly affected by the Fermi level of the final state achieved during previous electrical measurements. UV irradiation after negative-to-positive gate sweeps causes predominant oxygen desorption while UV irradiation after gate sweeps in the opposite direction causes etching of graphene edges.

Mitoma, Nobuhiko; Nouchi, Ryo [Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8570 (Japan)] [Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8570 (Japan)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

259

Industries of the Future: Creating a Sustainable Technology Edge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIES OF THE FUTURE: Creating A Sustainable Technology Edge Sandra L. Glatt Office of Industrial Technologies Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U. S. Department of Energy 55 ESL-IE-00-04-10 Proceedings from the Twenty... and Renewable Energy U.S, Department of Energy Industries of the Future: Creating a Sustainable Technology Edge . cUn' OFwlOd CCooI .. LPG .Eleclric~ CNI!hnIG. AgriclAtll'e Mining A1uminu",J Totll1* kldutb't.1 Conllomption: :W, 111 TrtIlion 8tus...

Glatt, S. L.

260

Flexible edge seal for vacuum insulating glazing units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flexible edge seal is provided for a vacuum insulating glazing unit having a first glass pane and a second glass pane spaced-apart from the first. The edge seal comprises a seal member formed of a hermetically bondable material and having a first end, a second end and a center section disposed therebetween. The first end is hermetically bondable to a first glass pane. The second end is hermetically bondable to a second glass pane. The center section comprises a plurality of convolutes.

Bettger, Kenneth J.; Stark, David H.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Method and system for edge cladding of laser gain media  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gain medium operable to amplify light at a gain wavelength and having reduced transverse ASE includes an input surface and an output surface opposing the input surface. The gain medium also includes a central region including gain material and extending between the input surface and the output surface along a longitudinal optical axis of the gain medium. The gain medium further includes an edge cladding region surrounding the central region and extending between the input surface and the output surface along the longitudinal optical axis of the gain medium. The edge cladding region includes the gain material and a dopant operable to absorb light at the gain wavelength.

Bayramian, Andrew James; Caird, John Allyn; Schaffers, Kathleen Irene

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

262

Towards understanding of Nipah virus attachment protein assembly and the role of protein affinity and crowding for membrane curvature events.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pathogenic viruses are a primary threat to our national security and to the health and economy of our world. Effective defense strategies to combat viral infection and spread require the development of understanding of the mechanisms that these pathogens use to invade the host cell. We present in this report results of our research into viral particle recognition and fusion to cell membranes and the role that protein affinity and confinement in lipid domains plays in membrane curvature in cellular fusion and fission events. Herein, we describe 1) the assembly of the G attachment protein of Nipah virus using point mutation studies to define its role in viral particle fusion to the cell membrane, 2) how lateral pressure of membrane bound proteins induce curvature in model membrane systems, and 3) the role of membrane curvature in the selective partitioning of molecular receptors and specific affinity of associated proteins.

Stachowiak, Jeanne C.; Hayden, Carl C.; Negrete, Oscar A.; Davis, Ryan Wesley; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Engaging Edge Networks in Preventing and Mitigating Undesirable Network Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The current Internet has few effective mechanisms to prevent a user from flooding network traffic available to well-behaved users, thus pos- ing a significant threat to the Internet's viability (see IAB. In our view, edge networks are in the best position to control hosts who abuse the trust because

Wang, Lan

264

Flying between obstacles with an autonomous knife-edge maneuver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop an aircraft and control system that is capable of repeatedly performing a high speed (7m/s or 16 MPH) "knife-edge" maneuver through a gap that is smaller than the aircraft's wingspan. The maneuver consists of ...

Barry, Andrew J. (Andrew James)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Feedback control of edge turbulence in a tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment on feedback control of edge turbulence has been undertaken on the KT-5C tokamak. The results indicate that the edge turbulence could be suppressed or enhanced depending on the phase shift of the feedback network. In a typical case of 90 phase shift feedback, the turbulence amplitudes of both T-tildee and e were reduced by about 25% when the gain of the feedback network was 15. Correspondingly the radial particle flux decreased to about 75% level of the background. Through bispectral analysis it is found that there exists a substantial nonlinear coupling between various modes comprised in edge turbulence, especially in the frequency range from about 10 kHz to 100 kHz, which contains the large part of the edge turbulence energy in KT-5C tokamak. In particular, by actively controlling the turbulence amplitude using feedback, a direct experimental evidence of the link between the nonlinear wave-wave coupling over the whole spectrum in turbulence, the saturated turbulence amplitude, and the radial particle flux was provided.

Zhai Kan; Wen Yi-zhi; Yu Chang-xuan; Liu Wan-dong; Wang Chao; Zhuang Ge; Xu Zhi-zhan

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Life on the Edge: Monitoring and Running A Very Large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Life on the Edge: Monitoring and Running A Very Large Perforce Installation Dan Bloch, Google March of additional hardware or software. Introduction Perforce scales astonishingly well, but many if not most sites are buying faster hardware or splitting the depot. Hardware upgrades are indeed often the right solution

Tomkins, Andrew

267

Scale-invariant filtering design and analysis for edge detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...integral filter|scale-space smoothing|two-dimensional filtering...behaviour known as scale-space smoothing causing edges to deform...scale) of the filter. This smoothing effect distorts the original...ramps. Infinite symmetric exponential filter is also proposed by...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The brain near the edge Dante R. Chialvo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brain near the edge Dante R. Chialvo Department of Physiology, Feinberg Medical School grain, the brain seems a relatively small dynamical system composed by a few dozen interacting areas that some of the most fundamental properties of the functioning brain are possible because

Chialvo, Dante R.

269

Optimal acyclic edge colouring of grid like graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We determine the values of the acyclic chromatic index of a class of graphs referred to as d-dimensional partial tori. These are graphs which can be expressed as the cartesian product of d graphs each of which is an induced path or cycle. This class ... Keywords: Acyclic chromatic index, Acyclic edge colouring, Graph, Hypercube, Mesh

Rahul Muthu, N. Narayanan, C. R. Subramanian

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The fish tail motion forms an attached leading edge vortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 25 18 The fish tail motion forms an attached leading edge...of the most prominent characteristics of fishes, and the analysis of the flow pattern...this mechanism has not been reported in fish-like swimming probably owing to the overemphasis...

Iman Borazjani; Mohsen Daghooghi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Effects of flow curvature on the aerodynamics of Darrieus wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical and experimental investigation was conducted which clearly showed the effects of flow curvature to be significant determinants of Darrieus turbine blade aerodynamics; qualitatively, these results apply equally to straight or curved bladed machines. Unusually large boundary layer radial pressure gradients and virtually altered camber and incidence are the phenomena of primary importance. Conformal mapping techniques were developed which transform the geometric turbine airfoils in curved flow to their virtual equivalents in rectilinear flow, thereby permitting the more accurate selection of airfoil aerodynamic coefficients from published sectional data. It is demonstrated that once the flow idiosyncracies are fully understood, they may be used to advantage to improve the wind energy extraction efficiency of these machines.

Migliore, P. G.; Wolfe, W. P.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

First law of AdS black holes in higher curvature gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the first law of black hole thermodynamics in an asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetime in the class of gravitational theories whose gravitational Lagrangian is an arbitrary function of the Ricci scalar. We first show that the conserved quantities in this class of gravitational theories constructed through conformal completion remain unchanged under the conformal transformation into the Einstein frame. We then prove that the mass and the angular momenta defined by these conserved quantities, along with the entropy defined by the Noether charge, satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics, not only in Einstein gravity but also in the higher curvature gravity within the class under consideration. We also point out that it is naturally understood in the symplectic formalism that the mass satisfying the first law should be necessarily defined associated with the timelike Killing vector nonrotating at infinity. Finally, a possible generalization into a wider class of gravitational theories is discussed.

Koga, Jun-ichirou [Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Bose-Einstein Condensation on a Manifold with Nonnegative Ricci Curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Bose-Einstein condensation for an ideal Bose gas and for a dilute weakly interacting Bose gas in a manifold with nonnegative Ricci curvature is investigated using the heat kernel and eigenvalue estimates of the Laplace operator. The main focus is on the nonrelativistic gas. However, special relativistic ideal gas is also discussed. The thermodynamic limit of the heat kernel and eigenvalue estimates is taken and the results are used to derive bounds for the depletion coefficient. In the case of a weakly interacting gas Bogoliubov approximation is employed. The ground state is analyzed using heat kernel methods and finite size effects on the ground state energy are proposed. The justification of the c-number substitution on a manifold is given.

Levent Akant; Emine Ertugrul; Ferzan Tapramaz; O. Teoman Turgut

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

274

Effect of Contact Line Curvature on Solid-Fluid Surface Tensions Without Line Tension C. A. Ward* and Jiyu Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Contact Line Curvature on Solid-Fluid Surface Tensions Without Line Tension C. A. Ward neglected adsorption at the solid-liquid interface and its effect on the surface tension of this interface-liquid interface can be determined, as can the surface tensions of the solid-liquid and solid-vapor interfaces. DOI

Ward, Charles A.

275

Space-Variant Post-Filtering for Wavefront Curvature Correction in Polar-Formatted Spotlight-Mode SAR Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wavefront curvature defocus effects occur in spotlight-mode SAR imagery when reconstructed via the well-known polar-formatting algorithm (PFA) under certain imaging scenarios. These include imaging at close range, using a very low radar center frequency, utilizing high resolution, and/or imaging very large scenes. Wavefront curvature effects arise from the unrealistic assumption of strictly planar wavefronts illuminating the imaged scene. This dissertation presents a method for the correction of wavefront curvature defocus effects under these scenarios, concentrating on the generalized: squint-mode imaging scenario and its computational aspects. This correction is accomplished through an efficient one-dimensional, image domain filter applied as a post-processing step to PF.4. This post-filter, referred to as SVPF, is precalculated from a theoretical derivation of the wavefront curvature effect and varies as a function of scene location. Prior to SVPF, severe restrictions were placed on the imaged scene size in order to avoid defocus effects under these scenarios when using PFA. The SVPF algorithm eliminates the need for scene size restrictions when wavefront curvature effects are present, correcting for wavefront curvature in broadside as well as squinted collection modes while imposing little additional computational penalty for squinted images. This dissertation covers the theoretical development, implementation and analysis of the generalized, squint-mode SVPF algorithm (of which broadside-mode is a special case) and provides examples of its capabilities and limitations as well as offering guidelines for maximizing its computational efficiency. Tradeoffs between the PFA/SVPF combination and other spotlight-mode SAR image formation techniques are discussed with regard to computational burden, image quality, and imaging geometry constraints. It is demonstrated that other methods fail to exhibit a clear computational advantage over polar-formatting in conjunction with SVPF. This research concludes that PFA in conjunction with SVPF provides a computationally efficient spotlight-mode image formation solution that solves the wavefront curvature problem for most standoff distances and patch sizes, regardless of squint, resolution or radar center frequency. Additional advantages are that SVPF is not iterative and has no dependence on the visual contents of the scene: resulting in a deterministic computational complexity which typically adds only thirty percent to the overall image formation time.

DOREN,NEALL E.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

River Edge, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Edge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.9287098°, -74.0398622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.9287098,"lon":-74.0398622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

277

Edge-states ferromagnetism of WS{sub 2} nanosheets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The multilayer WS{sub 2} nanosheets prepared from WO{sub 3} nanowires exhibit strong ferromagnetic behavior with saturation magnetization (M{sub S}) of 0.0058?emu/g and coercive field (H{sub C}) of 92?Oe at room temperature. By decreasing the temperature down to 3?K the H{sub c} is increased up to 1115 Oe, revealing the existence of long-range magnetic ordering. Density functional theory spin-polarized calculations predict that strong ferromagnetic moments in WS{sub 2} nanosheets are attributed to the zigzag edge sulphur S and tungsten W atoms. Our findings also suggest that the WS{sub 2} nanosheets with a high density of edge spins could be used to fabricate spintronics devices, which are circuits utilizing the spin of the electron to process and store information.

Huo, Nengjie; Li, Yan; Kang, Jun; Li, Renxiong; Xia, Qinglin; Li, Jingbo, E-mail: jbli@semi.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

278

Nuclear Star Clusters in Edge-on Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From observations of edge-on, late-type galaxies, we present morphological evidence that some nuclear star clusters have experienced in situ star formation. We find three nuclear clusters that, viewed from the edge-on perspective, have both a compact disk-like component and a spheroidal component. In each cluster, the disk components are closely aligned with the major axis of the host galaxy and have bluer colors than the spheroidal components. We spectroscopically verify that one of the observed multiple component clusters has multiple generations of stars. These observations lead us to suggest a formation mechanism for nuclear star clusters, in which stars episodically form in compact nuclear disks, and then lose angular momentum, eventually forming an older spheroid.

Anil C. Seth; Julianne J. Dalcanton; Paul W. Hodge; Victor P. Debattista

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

Delineation of a coal burn edge with seismic refraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal seams in many areas of western United States have ignited and burned for considerable distances underground. The boundary between the coal and clinker needs to be defined for determination of reserves. Field tests of a seismic refraction method were conducted at Kerr-McGee Coal Corp's open pit Clovis Point mine near Gillette, Wyoming. Explosive sources were detonated in shot holes in the pit floor. Geophone lines, laid on the surface beyond the edge of the pit, crossed from an area of known coal to an area of clinker. Delays in arrival times correlated with the expected beginning of the clinker zone. Waves passing through the clinker also exhibit a significant attenuation. A magnetic survey concluded along the seismic lines showed anomalies in the regions where seismic data indicated the burn edge.

Sontag, K.D.; Wolfe, P.J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Hot compression process for making edge seals for fuel cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hot compression process for forming integral edge seals in anode and cade assemblies wherein the assemblies are made to a nominal size larger than a finished size, beads of AFLAS are applied to a band adjacent the peripheral margins on both sides of the assemblies, the assemblies are placed in a hot press and compressed for about five minutes with a force sufficient to permeate the peripheral margins with the AFLAS, cooled and cut to finished size.

Dunyak, Thomas J. (Blacksburg, VA); Granata, Jr., Samuel J. (South Greensburg, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Loop formation in graphitic nanoribbon edges using furnace heating or Joule heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here the authors report the use of either furnace heating or Joule heating to pacify the exposed graphene edges by loop formation in a novel graphitic nanoribbonmaterial, grown by chemical vapor deposition. The edge energy ...

Jia, Xiaoting

282

On the ratio between shifts in the eddy-driven jet and the Hadley cell edge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study explores the relationship between latitudinal shifts in the eddy-driven jet and in the Hadley cell edge as depicted in models and ... 1 between the eddy-driven jet and the Hadley cell edge over the Sou...

Paul W. Staten; Thomas Reichler

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Theory of nitrogen doping of carbon nanoribbons: Edge effects  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Nitrogen doping of a carbon nanoribbon is profoundly affected by its one-dimensional character, symmetry, and interaction with edge states. Using state-of-the-art ab initio calculations, including hybrid exact-exchange density functional theory, we find that, for N-doped zigzag ribbons, the electronic properties are strongly dependent upon sublattice effects due to the non-equivalence of the two sublattices. For armchair ribbons, N-doping effects are different depending upon the ribbon family: for families 2 and 0, the N-induced levels are in the conduction band, while for family 1 the N levels are in the gap. In zigzag nanoribbons, nitrogen close to the edge is a deep center, while in armchair nanoribbons its behavior is close to an effective-mass-like donor with the ionization energy dependent on the value of the band gap. In chiral nanoribbons, we find strong dependence of the impurity level and formation energy upon the edge position of the dopant, while such site-specificity is not manifested in the magnitude of the magnetization.

Jiang, Jie [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States) and Yale Univ, New Haven, CT (United States); Turnbull, Joseph [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Lu, Wenchang [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States) and Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Boguslawski, Piotr [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States) and Institute of Physics, Warsaw, and Bydgoszcz (Poland); Bernholc, J. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States) and Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

284

A knife-edge array field emission cathode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

many cathode applications require a new type of cathode that is able to produce short pulsed electron beams at high emission current. Gated field emitter arrays of micrometer size are recognized as candidates to meet this need and have become the research focus of vacuum microelectronics. Existing fabrication methods produce emitters that are limited either in frequency response or in current emission. One reason is that the structure of these emitters are not sufficiently optimized. In this study, the author investigated the factors that affect the performance of field emitters. An optimum emitter structure, the knife-edge field emitter array, was developed from the analysis. Large field enhancement factor, large effective emission area, and small emitter capacitance are the advantages of the structure. The author next explored various options of fabricating the knife-edge emitter structure. He proposed a unique thin film process procedure and developed the fabrication techniques to build the emitters on (110) silicon wafers. Data from the initial cathode tests showed very low onset voltages and Fowler-Nordheim type emission. Emission simulation based on the fabricated emitter structure indicated that the knife-edge emitter arrays have the potential to produce high performance in modulation frequency and current emission. Several fabrication issues that await further development are discussed and possible solutions are suggested.

Lee, B.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Ionized gas at the edge of the Central Molecular Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To determine the properties of the ionized gas at the edge of the CMZ near Sgr E we observed a small portion of the edge of the CMZ near Sgr E with spectrally resolved [C II] 158 micron and [N II] 205 micron fine structure lines at six positions with the GREAT instrument on SOFIA and in [C II] using Herschel HIFI on-the-fly strip maps. We use the [N II] spectra along with a radiative transfer model to calculate the electron density of the gas and the [C II] maps to illuminate the morphology of the ionized gas and model the column density of CO-dark H2. We detect two [C II] and [N II] velocity components, one along the line of sight to a CO molecular cloud at -207 km/s associated with Sgr E and the other at -174 km/s outside the edge of another CO cloud. From the [N II] emission we find that the average electron density is in the range of about 5 to 25 cm{-3} for these features. This electron density is much higher than that of the warm ionized medium in the disk. The column density of the CO-dark H$_2$ layer ...

Langer, W D; Pineda, J L; Velusamy, T; Requena-Torres, M A; Wiesemeyer, H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Linear calculations of edge current driven kink modes with BOUT++ code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work extends previous BOUT++ work to systematically study the impact of edge current density on edge localized modes, and to benchmark with the GATO and ELITE codes. Using the CORSICA code, a set of equilibria was generated with different edge current densities by keeping total current and pressure profile fixed. Based on these equilibria, the effects of the edge current density on the MHD instabilities were studied with the 3-field BOUT++ code. For the linear calculations, with increasing edge current density, the dominant modes are changed from intermediate-n and high-n ballooning modes to low-n kink modes, and the linear growth rate becomes smaller. The edge current provides stabilizing effects on ballooning modes due to the increase of local shear at the outer mid-plane with the edge current. For edge kink modes, however, the edge current does not always provide a destabilizing effect; with increasing edge current, the linear growth rate first increases, and then decreases. In benchmark calculations for BOUT++ against the linear results with the GATO and ELITE codes, the vacuum model has important effects on the edge kink mode calculations. By setting a realistic density profile and Spitzer resistivity profile in the vacuum region, the resistivity was found to have a destabilizing effect on both the kink mode and on the ballooning mode. With diamagnetic effects included, the intermediate-n and high-n ballooning modes can be totally stabilized for finite edge current density.

Li, G. Q., E-mail: ligq@ipp.ac.cn; Xia, T. Y. [Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Xu, X. Q. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Snyder, P. B.; Turnbull, A. D. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186 (United States); Ma, C. H.; Xi, P. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); FSC, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Relaxation of potential, flows, and density in the edge plasma of CASTOR tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relaxation of potential, flows, and density in the edge plasma of CASTOR tokamak M. Hron1 , V on the CASTOR tokamak. A biased electrode has been used to polarize the edge plasma. The edge plasma potential time in the range of 10 - 30 µs when the electrode biasing is turn off in the CASTOR tokamak

Boyer, Edmond

288

EDGE-DISJOINT HAMILTON CYCLES IN GRAPHS DEMETRES CHRISTOFIDES, DANIELA KUHN AND DERYK OSTHUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDGE-DISJOINT HAMILTON CYCLES IN GRAPHS DEMETRES CHRISTOFIDES, DANIELA K¨UHN AND DERYK OSTHUS at least n/8 edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles. More generally, we give an asymptotically best possible answer for the number of edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles that a graph G with minimum degree must have. We also prove

Osthus, Deryk

289

Hamilton Cycles Containing Randomly Selected Edges in Random Regular Graphs \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton Cycles Containing Randomly Selected Edges in Random Regular Graphs \\Lambda R. W. Robinson oriented root edges have been randomly specified for the cycle to contain. The Hamilton cycle must be orientable to agree with all of the orientations on the j root edges. It is shown that the requisite Hamilton

Robinson, Robert W.

290

Crossings and nestings of two edges 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crossings and nestings of two edges 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes Two generalizations Wang, Yan & Yeh Symmetry of 2-chains #12;Crossings and nestings of two edges 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes Two generalizations Outline 1 Crossings and nestings of two edges 2 01-Fillings of moon

291

Crossings and nestings of two edges 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crossings and nestings of two edges 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes Two generalizations Symmetry of 2-chains #12;Crossings and nestings of two edges 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes Two generalizations Outline 1 Crossings and nestings of two edges 2 01-Fillings of moon polyominoes 3 Two

292

Building the urban river edge : proposed connections to the water at the foot of Boston's Beacon Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The core of this investigation is based on the design of built form at the public urban river edge. It proposes the transformation of a portion of public park edge into public built edge. The Esplanade embankment at the ...

Gorini, Daniel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Concircular tensors in Spaces of Constant Curvature: With Applications to Orthogonal Separation of The Hamilton-Jacobi Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study concircular tensors in spaces of constant curvature and then apply the results obtained to the problem of the orthogonal separation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation on these spaces. Any coordinates which separate the geodesic Hamilton-Jacobi equation are called separable. Specifically for spaces of constant curvature, we obtain canonical forms of concircular tensors modulo the action of the isometry group, we obtain the separable coordinates induced by irreducible concircular tensors, and we obtain warped products adapted to reducible concircular tensors. Using these results, we show how to enumerate the isometrically inequivalent orthogonal separable coordinates, construct the transformation from separable to Cartesian coordinates, and execute the Benenti-Eisenhart-Kalnins-Miller (BEKM) separation algorithm for separating natural Hamilton-Jacobi equations.

Krishan Rajaratnam; Raymond G. McLenaghan

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

294

A study of the effects of initial curvature on the buckling strength of compression members with varying end conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Mechanical College of' Texas in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE ~M 1959 (Month) (Year) Major Subject Civil En ineerin A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF INITIAL CURVATURE ON THE BUCKLING STRENGTH OF COMPRESSION.... Nedderman, Henson K. Stephenson and Bob M. Gallaway of the Civil Engineering Department, for their advice and helpful suggestions during the testing program and during the writing of this thesis. Thanks are also extended to Professor Robert E, Schiller...

Harris, James Elliott

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Edge cladding gain media according to IL-11317  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this patent application we wish to claim the following approach to ameliorating spontaneous amplified emission (ASE) that occurs in a laser amplifier slab. There are two important elements of our approach. We wish to claim the application of both together but not either one alone. (1) The first element of the invention is to roughen the edge surfaces of the amplifier slab. A rough surface with random planar features larger than the wavelength of light will reflect and refract incident light rays at angles different than the median plane of the surface. The rough surface can then be characterized by two parameters. First there is a distribution of heights about the zero mean plane of the surface. If normal this distribution is characterized by a standard deviation. The second parameter is the correlation distance that describes how close together on average are the peaks and valleys. The ratio of these two numbers determines the spread of light reflected off the surface of the edge of the slab. (2) The second element in our invention is to bond the roughened edges of the gain medium to an ASE absorbing media using a suitable bonding agent. In order for the ASE to leave the gain medium crystal there must be minimal reflection and maximum transmission at the interface. This requires having a near match of the index of refraction of the bonding medium and the amplifier slab material at the wavelength of the ASE. Further if the index of refraction of the bonding agent is less than that of the amplifier there will be some total internal reflection even if the surface is roughened. The index of refraction of GGG is {approx} 1.92 and that of YAG is {approx} 1.84. There are no suitable bonding agents with indices of refraction this high.

Soules, T

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

296

Luminescence from Edge Fracture in Shocked Lithium Fluoride Crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light emitted from a [100] lithium fluoride crystal was characterized under shock wave compression to 28GPa followed by complete stress release at the edges. The light was examined using time-gated optical spectrometry and imaging, time-resolved optical emission measurements, and hydrodynamic modeling. The shock arrival at the circumference of the crystal was delayed relative to the center so that the two regions could be studied at different times. The majority of the light emission originated when the shock waves released at the circumference of the crystal. Unlike previously reported results for shocked lithium fluoride, we found that the light spectrum is not strictly broad band, but has spectral lines associated with atomic lithium in addition to a broad band background. Also, the emission spectrum depends strongly on the gas surrounding the sample. Based on our observations, the line emission appears to be related to fracture of the lithium fluoride crystal from the shock wave releasing at the edges. Experimenters frequently utilize lithium fluoride crystals as transparent windows for observing shock compressed samples. Because of the experimental geometries used, the shock wave in such cases often reaches the circumference of the window at nearly the same moment as when it reaches the center of the sample-window interface. Light generated at the circumference could contaminate the measurement at the interface when this light scatters into the observed region. This background light may be reduced or avoided using experimental geometries which delay the arrival of the shock wave at the edges of the crystal.

Turley, W. D. [NSTec; Stevens, G. D. [NSTec; Capelle, G. A. [NSTec; Grover, M. [NSTec; Holtkamp, D. B. [LANL; LaLone, B. M. [NSTec; Veeser, L. R. [NSTec, LANL

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Edge coating apparatus with movable roller applicator for solar cell substrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-contact edge coating apparatus includes an applicator for applying a coating material on an edge of a solar cell substrate and a control system configured to drive the applicator. The control system may drive the applicator along an axis to maintain a distance with an edge of the substrate as the substrate is rotated to have the edge coated with a coating material. The applicator may include a recessed portion into which the edge of the substrate is received for edge coating. For example, the applicator may be a roller with a groove. Coating material may be introduced into the groove for application onto the edge of the substrate. A variety of coating materials may be employed with the apparatus including hot melt ink and UV curable plating resist.

Pavani, Luca; Abas, Emmanuel

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

298

2D-1D Coupling in Cleaved Edge Overgrowth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the scattering properties of an interface between a one-dimensional (1D) wire and a two-dimensional (2D) electron gas. Experiments were conducted in the highly controlled geometry provided by molecular bean epitaxy overgrowth onto the cleaved edge of a high quality GaAs /AlGaAs quantum well. Such structures allow for the creation of variable length 1D-2D coupling sections. We find ballistic 1D electron transport through these interaction regions with a mean free path as long as 6 ?m. Our results explain the origin of the puzzling nonuniversal conductance quantization observed previously in such 1D wires.

R. de Picciotto; H. L. Stormer; A. Yacoby; L. N. Pfeiffer; K. W. Baldwin; K. W. West

2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

Interacting spins and holes in zigzag edge nanographene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated charge and spin gap properties of zigzag edge graphene nanoribbons (ZGNRs) modeled within Hubbard Hamiltonian with onsite electron-electron interaction using semi-empirical many-body configuration interaction (CI) method. The charge gap behavior resembles the mean-field results, showing minima near Dirac point. We have observed unprecedented gap-less spin excitations over the flat band region. Moreover, doping the ZGNRs with holes reduces both the charge and spin gaps, inducing metallic and magnetic behavior, which can be exploited to fabricate spintronic devices.

Dutta, Sudipta; Wakabayashi, Katsunori [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitechtonics (WPI-MANA) National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki - 305-0044 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

300

Growing Cutting-edge X-ray Optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ever imagined that an Xbox controller could help open a window into a world spanning just one billionth of a meter? Brookhaven Lab's Ray Conley grows cutting-edge optics called multilayer Laue lenses (MLL) one atomic layer at a time to focus high-energy x-rays to within a single nanometer. To achieve this focusing feat, Ray uses a massive, custom-built atomic deposition device, an array of computers, and a trusty Xbox controller. These lenses will be deployed at the Lab's National Synchrotron Light Source II, due to begin shining super-bright light on pressing scientific puzzles in 2015

Ray Conley

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Scaling laws governing the roughness of the swash edge line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physics of swash i.e. a layer of water that washes up on the beach after an incoming wave has broken is complicated and intriguing. It includes perplexed hydrodynamic and sediment transport events. In our paper we address to the roughness of the moving swash boundary at which a beach, water and air meet. We treat the behavior of this boundary as an interfacial phenomenon, without going into details of formation of edge waves and beach cusps, covered broadly in literature. This "crude" approach turns out to be productive and revealing the resemblance of the swash line with a broad diversity of effects arising from the random pinning of moving boundaries.

Ed. Bormashenko; A. Musin; R. Grynuov

2014-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

302

Reducing disorder in graphene nanoribbons by chemical edge modification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present electronic transport measurements on etched graphene nanoribbons on silicon dioxide before and after a short hydrofluoric acid (HF) treatment. We report on changes in the transport properties, in particular, in terms of a decreasing transport gap and a reduced doping level after HF dipping. Interestingly, the effective energy gap is nearly unaffected by the HF treatment. Additional measurements on a graphene nanoribbon with lateral graphene gates support strong indications that the HF significantly modifies the edges of the investigated nanoribbons leading to a significantly reduced disorder potential in these graphene nanostructures.

Dauber, J.; Terrs, B.; Volk, C.; Stampfer, C. [JARA-FIT and II. Institute of Physics, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Peter Grnberg Institute (PGI-8/9), Forschungszentrum Jlich, 52425 Jlich (Germany); Trellenkamp, S. [Peter Grnberg Institute (PGI-8/9), Forschungszentrum Jlich, 52425 Jlich (Germany)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

303

Acceleration and Deceleration in Curvature Induced Phantom Model of the Late and Future Universe, Cosmic Collapse as Well as its Quantum Escape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here, cosmology of the late and future universe is obtained from $f(R)$-gravity with non-linear curvature terms $R^2$ and $R^3$ ($R$ being the Ricci scalar curvature). It is different from $f(R)$-dark enrgy models, where non-linear curvature terms are taken as gravitational alternative of dark energy. In the present model, neither linear nor no-linear curvature terms are taken as dark energy. Rather, dark energy terms are induced by curvature terms in the Friedmann equation derived from $f(R)$-gravitational equations. It has advantage over $f(R)$- dark energy models in the sense that the present model satisfies WMAP results and expands as $\\sim t^{2/3}$ during matter-dominance. So, it does not have problems due to which $f(R)$-dark energy models are criticized. Curvature-induced dark energy, obtained here, mimics phantom. Different phases of this model, including acceleration and deceleration during phantom phase, are investigated here.It is found that expansion of the universe will stop at the age $(3.87 t_0...

Srivastava, S K

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

INVESTIGATION OF WASTE GLASS POURING PROCESS OVER A KNIFE EDGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vitrification is the process of capturing radioactive waste in glass. The Savannah River Site's (SRS) Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is one of the facilities using the vitrification technology to treat and immobilize radioactive waste. The objective of the project is to investigate the pouring behavior of molten glass over a pour spout knife edge. Experiments are run using simulant glass containing the same chemical formulation as the radioactive sludge glass, but without radioactive contaminants. The purpose of these tests is to obtain actual glass data that, when combined with previous cold data from other fluids, will provide an overall understanding of the physics of liquids flowing over a pour spout and knife edge, A specific objective is to verify computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models with a range of liquid data with particular emphasis on glass so as to provide confidence in use of these CFD models for designing a new improved pour spout for the DWPF melter. The work to be performed at FIU-HCET includes assembling the melting and pouring system that mimics the DWPF melter and determining the key parameters that may influence wicking. Information from the FIU-HCET melter tests will lead to better operating guidelines for the DWPF melter so as to avoid wicking. During FY98, a bench-scale melter complete with pour spout and a knife edge was designed and assembled at FIU-HCET. Initially, the system was tested with glycerine. Subsequently, glass provided by SRS was used for experimentation. Flow visualization tests were performed with the melter in FY98 to investigate the pouring behavior of molten glass over a pour spout model simulating a DWPF pour spout of the original design. Simulant glass containing the same chemical formulation as sludge glass but without radioactive contaminants was used in the tests. All the tasks and milestones mentioned in the PTP for the project were accomplished. The project completed its second year, and this document reports the tasks and milestones that were accomplished during the 1998 fiscal year.

M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

K-Edge Subtraction Angiography with Synchrotron X-Rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to utilize dual energy, monochromatic X-rays produced from synchrotrons radiation in order to obtain noninvasive medical imaging. The application of synchrotrons radiation to medical imaging is based on the principle of iodine dichromography, first described by Bertil Jacobson of the Karolinska Institute in 1953. Medical imaging using synchrotrons radiation and K-edge dichromography was pioneered at Stanford University under the leadership of Dr. Ed Rubenstein, and the late Nobel Laureate in Physics, Dr. Robert Hofstadter. With progressive refinements in hardware, clinical-quality images were obtained of human coronary arteries utilizing peripheral injections of iodinated contrast agent. These images even now are far superior to those being presented by investigators using MRI as an imaging tool for coronary arteries. However, new supplies and instruments in the cardiac catheterization laboratory have served to transform coronary angiography into an outpatient procedure, with relatively little morbidity. We extended the principles learned with coronary angiography to noninvasive imaging of the human bronchial tree. For these images, we utilized xenon as the contrast agent, as it has a K-edge very similar to that of iodine. In this case, there is no true competing diagnostic test, and pulmonary neoplasm is an enormous public health concern. In early experiments, we demonstrated remarkably clear images of the human bronchial tree. These images have been shown internationally; however, funding difficulties primarily with the Department of Energy have not allowed for progression of this promising avenue of research. One potential criticism of the project is that in order to obtain these images, we utilized national laboratories. Some have questioned whether this would lead to a practical imaging modality. However, we have shown that the technology exists to allow for construction of a miniature storage ring, with a superconducting wiggler magnet, which would occupy minimal space, and would be of a cost comparable with that of a clinical cardiac catheterization laboratory. Much of the focus of this research is now shifting to Europe, where individual whom we have trained or with whom we have worked are now heading up extensive efforts in medical imaging and K-edge dichromography. This work is occurring mostly at DESY in Hamburg, and at the European Synchrotrons Research Laboratory (ESRF) in Grenoble. (B204)

Giacomini, John C.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Effect of Deuterium Gas Puff On The Edge Plasma In NSTX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a detailed examination of the effects of a relatively small pulsed deuterium gas puff on the edge plasma and edge turbulence in NSTX. This gas puff caused little or no change in the line-averaged plasma density or total stored energy, or in the edge density and electron temperature up to the time of the peak of the gas puff. The radial profile of the D? light emission and the edge turbulence within this gas puff did not vary significantly over its rise and fall, implying that these gas puffs did not significantly perturb the local edge plasma or edge turbulence. These measurements are compared with modeling by DEGAS 2, UEDGE, and with simplified estimates for the expected effects of this gas puff.

Zweben, S. J.

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

307

Session #1: Cutting Edge Methodologies--Beyond Current DFT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Session #1: Cutting Edge Methodologies (beyond Current DFT) Moderator: Shengbai Zhang (RPI/ REL) Topics to be addressed: Benchmarking state-of-the-art approaches, accurate energy landscape. Identify problems with the current DFT-LDA and GGA approaches and possible pathways to overcome these problems. PBE PBE How Bad is DFT for vdW Interactions? fcc Ar Benzene dimer PBE LDA Exp CCSD(T) LDA PBE vdW Interaction between H 2 and Carbon � PBE Graphene CCSD(T) LDA Benzene omitted in the LDA and GGA van der Walls (vdW)-DFT: Langreth, Kohn � Fully nonlocal � functional: � � Long-range nonlocal correlation energy functional (omitted in the LDA and GGA) ) ( � Computational cost considerably more than GGA � Added as post-GGA energy correction but force

308

NETL: News Release - DOE Launches Competition for Cutting Edge Coal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February 17, 2004 February 17, 2004 DOE Launches Competition for Cutting Edge Coal Technologies Round II Reaffirms President's Commitment to Reduce Power Plant Emissions WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham today announced the release of a solicitation for the second round of proposals under President Bush's Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI), and DOE's plans to provide approximately $280 million in federal matching funds for demonstrating barrier-breaking technologies that sharply reduce and ultimately eliminate pollution in coal-based power plants. MORE INFO General Interest: Read the solicitation [PDF-342KB] For Proposers: Go to Interactive Procurement System [More Info, Updates] NETL Business Page View the Clean Coal Technology Roadmap from NETL's Website

309

Portable X-Ray, K-Edge Heavy Metal Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X-Ray, K-Edge Heavy Metal Detection System was designed and built by Ames Laboratory and the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation at Iowa State University. The system uses a C-frame inspection head with an X-ray tube mounted on one side of the frame and an imaging unit and a high purity germanium detector on the other side. the inspection head is portable and can be easily positioned around ventilation ducts and pipes up to 36 inches in diameter. Wide angle and narrow beam X-ray shots are used to identify the type of holdup material and the amount of the contaminant. Precise assay data can be obtained within minutes of the interrogation. A profile of the containerized holdup material and a permanent record of the measurement are immediately available.

Fricke, V.

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

310

Magnetic edge states in Aharonov-Bohm graphene quantum rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of electron-electron interaction on the electronic structure of Aharonov-Bohm (AB) graphene quantum rings (GQRs) is explored theoretically using the single-band tight-binding Hamiltonian and the mean-field Hubbard model. The electronic states and magnetic properties of hexagonal, triangular, and circular GQRs with different sizes and zigzag edge terminations are studied. The results show that, although the AB oscillations in the all types of nanoring are affected by the interaction, the spin splitting in the AB oscillations strongly depends on the geometry and the size of graphene nanorings. We found that the total spin of hexagonal and circular rings is zero and therefore, no spin splitting can be observed in the AB oscillations. However, the non-zero magnetization of the triangular rings breaks the degeneracy between spin-up and spin-down electrons, which produces spin-polarized AB oscillations.

Farghadan, R., E-mail: rfarghadan@kashanu.ac.ir; Heidari Semiromi, E. [Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saffarzadeh, A. [Department of Physics, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

Radiative Plasmas At The Edge And Their Basic Properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma radiation plays the determining role in temperature balance, equilibrium and stability of plasmas at the edge of fusion devices. The differences in properties of radiative plasmas and pure hydrogen ones are significant. The sound branch is split into two branches, i.e. fast and slow sounds. They may be destabilize by radiation and stabilized by internal relative motion of species. The basic properties of radiative plasmas are discussed in the current presentation. Radiation of multi-electron impurity ions is significant, even if the impurity concentration is small. It depends strongly on the Impurity Distribution Over Ionization States (IDOIS). One can find many interesting effects taking into account the finite relaxation time of IDOIS and thermal forces. In particular, the anomalous sound damping due to the internal friction, decompression shocks, slow thermal waves, and self-sustained thermal oscillation are discussed in the current presentation. Opacity effects also are discussed in the current presentation.

Morozov, D. Kh. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' Kurchatov square, 1, MOSCOW, 123182 (Russian Federation)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

312

Decays of electron Bernstein waves near plasma edge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear wave-wave couplings near the upper hybrid resonance are studied via particle-in-cell simulations. It is found that the decay of an electron Bernstein wave (EBW) depends on the ratio of the incident frequency and electron cyclotron frequency. For ratios less than two, parametric decay into a lower hybrid wave (or an ion Bernstein wave) and EBWs at a lower frequency is observed. For ratios larger than two, the daughter waves could be an electron cyclotron quasi-mode and another EBW or an ion wave and EBW. For sufficiently high incident power, the former process may dominate. Because of the electron cyclotron quasi-mode, electrons can be strongly heated by nonlinear Landau damping. As a result, the bulk of the incident power can be absorbed near plasma edge at high power. The increase in number of decay channels with frequency implies that the allowable power into the plasma must decrease with frequency.

Xiang Nong [Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Cary, John R. [Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

Operation of transition-edge sensors with excess thermal noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superconducting transition-edge sensor (TES) is currently one of the most attractive choices for ultra-high resolution calorimetry in the keV x-ray band, and is being considered for future ESA and NASA missions. We have performed a study on the noise characteristics of Au/Ti bilayer TESs, at operating temperatures around ~100mK, with the SQUID readout at 1.5K. Experimental results indicate that without modifications the back-action noise from the SQUID chip degrades the noise characteristics significantly. We present a simple and effective solution to the problem: by installing an extra shunt resistor which absorbs the excess radiation from the SQUID input, we have reduced the excess thermal (photon) noise power down by approximately a factor of five, allowing high resolution operation of the sensors.

I J Maasilta; K M Kinnunen; A K Nuottajrvi; J Leppniemi; A Luukanen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Gain media edge treatment to suppress amplified spontaneous emission in a high power laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel method and apparatus for suppressing ASE and parasitic oscillation modes in a high average power laser is introduced. By roughening one or more peripheral edges of a solid-state crystal or ceramic laser gain media and by bonding such edges using a substantially high index bonding elastomer or epoxy to a predetermined electromagnetic absorbing arranged adjacent to the entire outer surface of the peripheral edges of the roughened laser gain media, ASE and parasitic oscillation modes can be effectively suppressed.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Soules, Thomas F. (Livermore, CA); Fochs, Scott N. (Livermore, CA); Rotter, Mark D. (San Ramon, CA); Letts, Stephan A. (San Ramon, CA)

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

315

E-Print Network 3.0 - active edge sites Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

been described as edge or comer sitesof MoS2 layers... in molybdenum-containing hydrotreating catalysis and ... Source: Regalbuto, John R. - Department of Chemical Engineering,...

316

Electronic and transport properties edge functionalized graphene nanoribbons-An ab initio approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the help of ab initio approach we have investigated the electronic and transport properties of edge functionalized zigzag graphene nanoribbons using density functional theory. We have studied the energetic stability and Fermi energy of ZGNRs. We have reported that the edge functionalization of zigzag graphene nanoribbons can break the degeneracy that can be used to promote the onset of a semiconducting to metal transition or a half metal to semiconducting state. The edge functionalization also promotes a metal-semimetal transition. It has also been observed that the transmission spectrum of the edge functionalized ZGNRs are different from those of pristine.

Chauhan, Satyendra Singh, E-mail: sschauhan-71@rediffmail.com [Institute of Information Technology and Management, ITM University, Gwalior - 474001 (India); Srivastava, Pankaj [ABV Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior - 474010 (India); Shrivastva, A. K. [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior- 474011 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

317

Over the Energy Edge: Results from a Seven Year New Commercial Buildings Research and Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cody, Bonneville Power Administration Energy Edge was a research oriented demonstration project (Piette et al. 1994). Beginning in 1985, the project, sponsored by the Bonneville Power Adminis- tration

Diamond, Richard

318

The Perry Street Edge: Developing A New Pedestrian Portal To Virginia Tech.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??At the crossing of a strong architectural edge and an axis line, it is necessary to articulate the intersection and acknowledge the moment. But what (more)

West, Aaron William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Photon-Veto Counters at the Outer Edge of the Endcap Calorimeter for the KOTO Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Outer-Edge Veto (OEV) counter subsystem for extra-photon detection from the backgrounds to the? $K^0_L\\rightarrow\\pi^0\

T. Matsumura; T. Shinkawa; H. Yokota; E. Iwai; T. K. Komatsubara; J. W. Lee; G. Y. Lim; J. Ma; T. Masuda; H. Nanjo; T. Nomura; Y. Odani; Y. D. Ri; K. Shiomi; Y. Sugiyama; S. Suzuki; M. Togawa; Y. Wah; H. Watanabe; T. Yamanaka

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

TCAT to Receive Ithaca's First 'Cutting-Edge' Fuel Cell Bus ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Archived News Stories Latest News TCAT to Receive Ithaca's First 'Cutting-Edge' Fuel Cell Bus 2 Cornellians receive Distinguished Scholar Award Versatile polymer film...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Transverse energy circulation and the edge diffraction of an optical vortex beam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Edge diffraction of a circular LaguerreGaussian beam represents an example of the optical vortex symmetry breakdown in which the hidden vortex energy...

Bekshaev, Aleksandr Ya; Mohammed, Kadhim A; Kurka, Ivan A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Kinetic Simulations of Retarding-Field Analyzer Measurements in Tokamak Edge Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetic Simulations of Retarding-Field Analyzer Measurements in Tokamak Edge Plasmas Fabrice of probe measurements in tokamaks, particularly those obtained from Retarding-Field-Analyzers (RFAs) [1]. This type of probe provides an integral of the ion velocity distribution in tokamak edge plasmas, which

323

The Zak phase and the existence of edge states in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a method to predict the existence of edge states in graphene ribbons for a large class of boundaries. This approach is based on the bulk-edge correspondence between the quantized value of the Zak phase Z(k), which is a Berry phase across an appropriately chosen one-dimensional Brillouin zone, and the existence of a localized state of momentum k at the boundary of the ribbon. This bulk-edge correspondence is rigorously demonstrated for a one dimensional toy model as well as for graphene ribbons with zigzag edges. The range of k for which edge states exist in a graphene ribbon is then calculated for arbitrary orientations of the edges. Finally, we show that the introduction of an anisotropy leads to a topological transition in terms of the Zak phase, which modifies the localization properties at the edges. Our approach gives a new geometrical understanding of edge states, it con?firms and generalizes the results of several previous works.

P. Delplace; D. Ullmo; G. Montambaux

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

324

TED: A texture-edge descriptor for pedestrian detection in video sequences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel descriptor, TED, for pedestrian detection in video sequences. TED describes texture and edge information simultaneously. TED is a local descriptor because it is defined over a neighborhood. The size of the TED, independent ... Keywords: Background subtraction, Block-based approach, Edge, Local binary pattern, Pedestrian detection, Surveillance systems, Texture

Narges Armanfard; Majid Komeili; Ehsanollah Kabir

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Using Virtual Organizations Membership System with EDG's Grid Security and Database Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Virtual Organizations Membership System with EDG's Grid Security and Database Access Marko University of Technology March 17, 2004 Keywords: Grid security, virtual organizations, Grid use case. This paper describes the European Data Grid's (EDG's) java security system and Spitfire database access

Haak, Hein

326

ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF BRAIN TISSUE USING KNIFE-EDGE SCANNING MICROSCOPY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF BRAIN TISSUE USING KNIFE- EDGE SCANNING MICROSCOPY A Thesis Science #12;ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF BRAIN TISSUE USING KNIFE- EDGE SCANNING MICROSCOPY A Thesis) ______________________________ ______________________________ Ergun Akleman Valerie Taylor (Member) (Head of Department) December 2003 Major Subject: Computer Science

Keyser, John

327

Population Ecology at the Range Edge Survival and Dispersal of a High-Density Lepidopteran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population Ecology at the Range Edge Survival and Dispersal of a High-Density Lepidopteran Population Cecilia Ronnås Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences Department of Ecology Service/Repro, Uppsala 2011 #12;Population Ecology at the Range Edge. Survival and Dispersal of a High

328

A Mathematical Solution to Power Optimal Pipeline Design by Utilizing Soft Edge Flip-Flops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Mathematical Solution to Power Optimal Pipeline Design by Utilizing Soft Edge Flip-Flops Mohammad a novel technique to minimize the total power consumption of a synchronous linear pipeline circuit by exploiting extra slacks available in some stages of the pipeline. The key idea is to utilize soft-edge flip

Pedram, Massoud

329

Chevron beam dump for ITER edge Thomson scattering system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper contains the design of the beam dump for the ITER edge Thomson scattering system and mainly concerns its lifetime under the harsh thermal and electromagnetic loads as well as tight space allocation. The lifetime was estimated from the multi-pulse laser-induced damage threshold. In order to extend its lifetime, the structure of the beam dump was optimized. A number of bent sheets aligned parallel in the beam dump form a shape called a chevron which enables it to avoid the concentration of the incident laser pulse energy. The chevron beam dump is expected to withstand thermal loads due to nuclear heating, radiation from the plasma, and numerous incident laser pulses throughout the entire ITER project with a reasonable margin for the peak factor of the beam profile. Structural analysis was also carried out in case of electromagnetic loads during a disruption. Moreover, detailed issues for more accurate assessments of the beam dump's lifetime are clarified. Variation of the bi-directional reflection distribution function (BRDF) due to erosion by or contamination of neutral particles derived from the plasma is one of the most critical issues that needs to be resolved. In this paper, the BRDF was assumed, and the total amount of stray light and the absorbed laser energy profile on the beam dump were evaluated.

Yatsuka, E.; Hatae, T.; Bassan, M.; Itami, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Vayakis, G. [ITER Organization, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France)] [ITER Organization, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

Fully Electromagnetic Nonlinear Gyrokinetic Equations for Tokamak Edge Turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An energy conserving set of the fully electromagnetic nonlinear gyrokinetic Vlasov equation and Maxwell's equations, which is applicable to both L-mode turbulence with large amplitude and H-mode turbulence in the presence of high E ? B shear has been derived. The phase-space action variational Lie perturbation method ensures the preservation of the conservation laws of the underlying Vlasov-Maxwell system. Our generalized ordering takes ?[sub ]i [\\sub]<< ?? ~ LE ~ Lp << R (here ?[sub ]i [\\sub] is the thermal ion Larmor radius and ?? = [B over B?] ?[sub ]i [\\sub]), as typically observed in the tokamak H-mode edge, with LE and Lp being the radial electric field and pressure gradient lengths. We take ?[sub ] perpendicular to[/sub] ?[sub ]i [\\sub] ~ 1 for generality, and keep the relative fluctuation amplitudes e?? ? ?[sub ]i [\\sub]~ ?? ? ? up to the second order. Extending the electrostatic theory in the presence of high E ? B shear [Hahm, Phys. Plasmas 3, 4658 (1996)], contributions of electromagnetic fluctuations to the particle charge density and current are explicitly evaluated via pull-back transformation from the gyrocenter distribution function in the gyrokinetic Maxwell's equation.

Hahm, T.S.; Wang, Lu,; Madsen, J.

2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

331

Cutting-edge issues of core-collapse supernova theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on multi-dimensional neutrino-radiation hydrodynamic simulations, we report several cutting-edge issues about the long-veiled explosion mechanism of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe). In this contribution, we pay particular attention to whether three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamics and/or general relativity (GR) would or would not help the onset of explosions. By performing 3D simulations with spectral neutrino transport, we show that it is more difficult to obtain an explosion in 3D than in 2D. In addition, our results from the first generation of full general relativistic 3D simulations including approximate neutrino transport indicate that GR can foster the onset of neutrino-driven explosions. Based on our recent parametric studies using a light-bulb scheme, we discuss impacts of nuclear energy deposition behind the supernova shock and stellar rotation on the neutrino-driven mechanism, both of which have yet to be included in the self-consistent 3D supernova models. Finally we give an outlook with a summary of the most urgent tasks to extract the information about the explosion mechanisms from multi-messenger CCSN observables.

Kotake, Kei [Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University, 8-19-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0180 (Japan); Nakamura, Ko [Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Ohkubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 169-8555 (Japan); Kuroda, Takami [Department Physik, Universitt Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Takiwaki, Tomoya [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8588 (Japan)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

332

© Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing Tactics  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing Tactics for Government Contracts Beth Goldstein Gloria Berthold Larkin © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Beth Goldstein * President, Sales & Marketing Consultant * Entrepreneurship Educator * Author and Trainer on Small Business Growth 2 © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Gloria Berthold Larkin * President * Federal Business Development expert, recently quoted in the Wall Street Journal and TheStreet.com * -Author of The Basic Guide to Government Contracting: How to Build a Successful Business Selling Your Products and Services to the U.S. Federal Government 3 © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Today's Agenda ü Identifying

333

LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day Posted By Office of Public Affairs Los Alamos National Laboratory recently showcased some of its cutting-edge

334

Influence of double-electron transitions on the EXAFS L edges of rare-earth systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work presents an x-ray-absorption study at the L edges of several rare-earth compounds. In both L1-edge and L3-edge spectra, anomalous features are clearly detected in the EXAFS region and have been associated with the creation of 2s4d and 2p4d double-core hole states, respectively. Comparison of theoretical calculations with the experiments are carried out using the results of explicit computation of cross sections for the allowed mainline (L edge) and double-electron (LN4,5 edges) which identify the transitions expected to be observable. In addition, the excitation energies of all of these allowed transitions are given. The influence of multielectron transitions on the EXAFS data analysis is discussed for several rare-earth-based systems. An estimate of the error introduced by neglecting the presence of double-electron transitions on coordination numbers and bond distances is given, based on these experimental data.

Jess Chaboy; Augusto Marcelli; Trevor A. Tyson

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day Posted By Office of Public Affairs Los Alamos National Laboratory recently showcased some of its cutting-edge

336

Precision recording of near-edge profiles of x-ray absorption edges: an improved x-ray spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intense, highly monochromatized X-ray beams available at the Cornell High Energy Synchroton Source facility permit one to plot the fine structure at absorption edges of elements with atomic number Z > 18. With the simple device described in this report, the authors have recorded distinctive features in absorption profiles, with a reproducibility better than +/- 50 meV for the major jumps, when measured with reference to a selected material, generally the metal. These spectra, which reflect locations of the upper states into which the photoelectrons are propelled, can be obtained without pretreatment of the sample (other than grinding to a fine powder) under ambient atmospheric conditions. Of course, spectra at low or high temperatures, under controlled atmospheres, can also be recorded with a more elaborative device. This technique complements information derived from electron energy loss spectroscopy and provides a fingerprint of modifications in the electronic structure of the element induced by the coordinating shell of surrounding atoms. It is a discriminating analytical probe for characterizing compositional changes in the first coordination shell around the selected atomic centers, due to processing of amorphous (or very finely divided) materials.

Chiu, N.S.; Bauer, S.H.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Framework Application for Core Edge Transport Simulation (FACETS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the FACETS project (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations) was to provide a multiphysics, parallel framework application (FACETS) that will enable whole-device modeling for the U.S. fusion program, to provide the modeling infrastructure needed for ITER, the next step fusion confinement device. Through use of modern computational methods, including component technology and object oriented design, FACETS is able to switch from one model to another for a given aspect of the physics in a flexible manner. This enables use of simplified models for rapid turnaround or high-fidelity models that can take advantage of the largest supercomputer hardware. FACETS does so in a heterogeneous parallel context, where different parts of the application execute in parallel by utilizing task farming, domain decomposition, and/or pipelining as needed and applicable. ParaTools, Inc. was tasked with supporting the performance analysis and tuning of the FACETS components and framework in order to achieve the parallel scaling goals of the project. The TAU Performance System???????????????????????????????® was used for instrumentation, measurement, archiving, and profile / tracing analysis. ParaTools, Inc. also assisted in FACETS performance engineering efforts. Through the use of the TAU Performance System, ParaTools provided instrumentation, measurement, analysis and archival support for the FACETS project. Performance optimization of key components has yielded significant performance speedups. TAU was integrated into the FACETS build for both the full coupled application and the UEDGE component. The performance database provided archival storage of the performance regression testing data generated by the project, and helped to track improvements in the software development.

Dr. Allen D. Malony; Dr. Sameer S. Shende; Dr. Kevin A. Huck; Mr. Alan Morris, and Mr. Wyatt Spear

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

338

A star cluster at the edge of the Galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study stars and molecular gas in the direction of IRAS06145+1455 (WB89-789) through NIR (JHK), molecular line-, and dust continuum observations. The kinematic distance of the associated molecular cloud is 11.9 kpc. With a galactocentric distance of about 20.2 kpc, this object is at the edge of the (molecular) disk of the Galaxy. The near-IR data show the presence of an (embedded) cluster of about 60 stars, with a radius ca. 1.3 pc and an average stellar surface density of ca. 12 pc^{-2}. We find at least 14 stars with NIR-excess, 3 of which are possibly Class I objects. The cluster is embedded in a 1000 Mo molecular/dust core, from which a molecular outflow originates. The temperature of most of the outflowing gas is < 40 K, and the total mass of the swept-up material is < 10 Mo. Near the center of the flow, indications of much higher temperatures are found, probably due to shocks. A spectrum of one of the probable cluster members shows a tentative likeness to that of a K3III-star (with an age of at least 20 Myr). If correct, this would confirm the kinematic distance. This cluster is the furthest one from the Galactic center yet detected. The combination of old and recent activity implies that star formation has been going on for at least 20 Myr, which is difficult to understand considering the location of this object, where external triggers are either absent or weak, compared to the inner Galaxy. This suggests that once star formation is occurring, later generations of stars may form through the effect of the first generation of stars on the (remnants of) the original molecular cloud.

J. Brand; J. G. A. Wouterloot

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

339

Free-energy profiles along reduction pathways of MoS2 M-edge and S-edge by dihydrogen: a first-principles study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of DFT calculations of free energy profiles along the reaction pathways starting from 50% coverage of MoS2 M-edge and 100% coverage of S-edge by sulfur, and leading to 37% coverage, i.e. creation of anionic vacancies, upon reduction by dihydrogen and production of H2S. Significant entropic and enthalpic corrections to electronic energies are deduced from the sets of normal modes vibration frequencies computed for all stationary and transition states. On that basis, we revisit and discuss the surface phase diagrams for M- and S- edges as a function of temperature, H2 partial pressure and H2S/H2 molar ratio, with respect to ranges of conditions relevant to industrial hydrotreating operations. We show that in such conditions, anionic vacancies on the M-edge, and surface SH groups on the M- and S- edges, may coexist at equilibrium. Moderate activation barriers connect stationary states along all paths explored.

Prodhomme, Pierre-Yves; Toulhoat, Herv; 10.1016/j.jcat.2011.03.017

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Edge radial electric field studies via charge exchange recombination spectroscopy on the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is commonly accepted that ExB velocity shear is responsible for the suppression of edge turbulence, which reduces the losses of both energy and particles across magnetic field lines and results in the formation of edge ...

McDermott, Rachael Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A RE-APPRAISAL OF INFLUENCE COEFFICIENTS FOR THE EDGES OF THIN ELASTIC SPHERICAL SHELLS SUBJECTED TO SYMMETRIC LOADS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......whether U and M^ are 'edge' forces or forces transmitted from an adjacent part of...Practical influence coefficients The 'fundamental' edge coefficients alt a^ are independent...ABBAMOWTTZ and I. A. STEQUN (eds.), Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, New......

C. R. CALLADINE; N. PASKARAN

1974-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

4/18/2014 Human Competition Edging Out Those Lovable Icons of Wildlife -New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/06/world/human-competition-edging-out-those-lovable-icons-of-wildlife.html 1/2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4/18/2014 Human Competition Edging Out Those Lovable Icons of Wildlife - New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/06/world/human-competition-edging-out-those-lovable-icons-of-wildlife.html 1/2 Search All NYTimes.com Human Competition Edging Out Those Lovable Icons of Wildlife By ANDREW C. REVKIN Published

343

Edge Thomson scattering diagnostic on COMPASS tokamak: Installation, calibration, operation, improvements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The core Thomson scattering diagnostic (TS) on the COMPASS tokamak was put in operation and reported earlier. Implementation of edge TS, with spatial resolution along the laser beam up to ?1/100 of the tokamak minor radius, is presented now. The procedure for spatial calibration and alignment of both core and edge systems is described. Several further upgrades of the TS system, like a triggering unit and piezo motor driven vacuum window shutter, are introduced as well. The edge TS system, together with the core TS, is now in routine operation and provides electron temperature and density profiles.

Bohm, P., E-mail: bohm@ipp.cas.cz; Bilkova, P.; Melich, R.; Sestak, D.; Weinzettl, V.; Stockel, J.; Hron, M.; Panek, R. [Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, Za Slovankou 1782/3, 18200 Prague (Czech Republic); Aftanas, M.; Stefanikova, E.; Janky, F.; Havlicek, J. [Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, Za Slovankou 1782/3, 18200 Prague (Czech Republic); Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague (Czech Republic); Mikulin, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, Za Slovankou 1782/3, 18200 Prague (Czech Republic); Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University, Brehova 7, 11519 Prague (Czech Republic); Scannell, R.; Naylor, G. [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Frassinetti, L. [School of Electrical Engineering, Division of Fusion Plasma Physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Fassina, A. [Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti, 4-35127 Padua (Italy); Walsh, M. J. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90 046, 13067 St Paul lez Durance (France)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

FIRST MEASUREMENT OF PRESSURE GRADIENT-DRIVEN CURRENTS IN TOKAMAK EDGE PLASMAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Localized currents driven by pressure gradients play a pivotal role in the magnetohydrodynamic stability of toroidal plasma confinement devices. We have measured the currents generated in the edge of L- (low) and H- (high confinement) mode discharges on the DIII-D tokamak, utilizing the Zeeman effect in an injected lithium beam to obtain high resolution profiles of the poloidal magnetic field. We find current densities in excess of 1 MA/m{sup 2} in a 1 to 2 cm region near the peak of the edge pressure gradient. These values are sufficient to challenge edge stability theories based on specific current formation models.

THOMAS DM; LEONARD AW; LAO LL; OSBORNE TH; MUELLER HW; FINKENTHAL DK

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 1403-1410.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. 8th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 1403-1410. Curvature and Bending Energy in Digitized 2D and 3D Images Lucas J. van Vliet and Piet W. Verbeek Pattern

van Vliet, Lucas J.

346

L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. 8 th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 14031410.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. 8 th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 1403­1410. Curvature and Bending Energy in Digitized 2D and 3D Images Lucas J. van Vliet and Piet W. Verbeek Pattern

van Vliet, Lucas J.

347

Crystal growth and crystal curvature near roughening transitions in hcp 4He P. E. Wolf(*), F. Gallet, S. Balibar, E. Rolley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1987 Crystal growth and crystal curvature near roughening transitions in hcp 4He P. E. Wolf(*), F thermiques. Abstract 2014 We present a quantitative experimental study of the implications of the roughening their roughening temperature. For the (0001) facet, the dominant process is the two dimensional nucleation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

MODELLING THE EFFECT OF VARIATION IN SAGITTAL CURVATURE ON THE FORCE REQUIRED TO PRODUCE A FOLLOWER LOAD IN THE LUMBAR SPINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A FOLLOWER LOAD IN THE LUMBAR SPINE JUDITH R. MEAKIN Biomedical Physics Group, College of Engineering traveling along a path as close to the vertebral body centroids as possible (a follower load) were determined. In general, the forces required to produce a follower load increased as the curvature became

Levi, Ran

349

Calcium Film Based Testing of Edge-Seal Materials for Photovoltaic Applications (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the sensitivity of some photovoltaic devices to moisture-induced corrosion, they are packaged using impermeable front- and back-sheets with an edge seal to prevent moisture ingress. Evaluation of edge seal materials can be difficult because of the low permeation rates involved and/or non-Fickian behavior. Here, using a Ca film deposited on a glass substrate, we demonstrate the evaluation of edge seal materials in a manner that effectively duplicates their use in a photovoltaic application and compare the results with standard methods for measuring water vapor transport. We demonstrate how moisture permeation data from polymer films can be used to estimate moisture ingress rates and compare the results of these two methods. Encapsulant materials were also evaluated for comparison and to highlight the need for edge seals. Of the materials studied, dessicant-filled polyisobutene materials demonstrate by far the best potential to keep moisture out for a 20 to 30 year lifetime.

Kempe, M.; Dameron, A.; Reese, M.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Calcium Based Test Method for Evaluation of Photovoltaic Edge-Seal Materials (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the sensitivity of some photovoltaic devices to moisture-induced corrosion, they are packaged using impermeable front- and back-sheets with an edge seal to prevent moisture ingress. Evaluation of edge seal materials can be difficult because of the low permeation rates involved and/or non-Fickian behavior. Here, using a Ca film deposited on a glass substrate, we demonstrate the evaluation of edge seal materials in a manner that effectively duplicates their use in a photovoltaic application and compare the results with standard methods for measuring water vapor transport. We demonstrate how moisture permeation data from polymer films can be used to estimate moisture ingress rates and compare the results of these two methods. Encapsulant materials were also evaluated for comparison and to highlight the need for edge seals. Of the materials studied, dessicant-filled polyisobutene materials demonstrate by far the best potential to keep moisture out for a 20 to 30 year lifetime.

Kempe, M.; Dameron, A.; Reese, M.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Edge transport barrier studies on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edge transport barriers (ETBs) in tokamak plasmas accompany transitions from low confinement (L-mode) to high confinement (H-mode) and exhibit large density and temperature gradients in a narrow pedestal region near the ...

Hughes, Jerry W. (Jerry Wayne), 1975-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Observation of Edge Instability Limiting the Pedestal Growth in Tokamak Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With fusion device performance hinging on the edge pedestal pressure, it is imperative to experimentally understand the physical mechanism dictating the pedestal characteristics and to validate and improve pedestal predictive ...

Diallo, A.

353

On the cutting edge of biomedical engineering, IBBME is a unique, multidisciplinary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the cutting edge of biomedical engineering, IBBME is a unique, multidisciplinary graduate solutions to the world's most pressing healthcare challenges. The leading biomedical engineering centre in Canada, the Institute of Biomaterials & Biomedical Engineering (IBBME) is an interdisciplinary graduate

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

354

IBEX satellite finds ribbon-like structure at edge of heliosphere  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IBEX satellite IBEX satellite finds ribbon-like structure at edge of heliosphere The NASA IBEX mission has sent back data that indicates a "noodle soup" of solar material has...

355

Roughening due to edge diffusion for irreversible aggregation C. Ratsch,1,2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roughening due to edge diffusion for irreversible aggregation C. Ratsch,1,2, * M. C. Wheeler,2 for epitaxial growth enhances surface roughening for a model of irreversible aggregation. The reason

Ratsch, Christian

356

Structural analysis of sulfur in natural rubber using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The opportunity to employ X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy techniques to investigate the alteration of the structural properties of sulfur in various vulcanized rubber sheets is presented.

Pattanasiriwisawa, W.

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

357

Want to Work on cutting-edge space exploration technology at honeybee robotics? Summer 2012 Internship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Want to Work on cutting-edge space exploration technology at honeybee robotics? Summer 2012 during the 10-week, full-time internship at the Honeybee Robotics facility in New York City (Manhattan

Manning, Sturt

358

Edge Stability and Transport Control with Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in Collisionless Tokamak Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A critical issue for fusion plasma research is the erosion of the first wall of the experimental device due to impulsive heating from repetitive edge magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities known as 'edge-localized modes' (ELMs). Here, we show that the addition of small resonant magnetic field perturbations completely eliminates ELMs while maintaining a steady-state high-confinement (H-mode) plasma. These perturbations induce a chaotic behavior in the magnetic field lines, which reduces the edge pressure gradient below the ELM instability threshold. The pressure gradient reduction results from a reduction in particle content of the plasma, rather than an increase in the electron thermal transport. This is inconsistent with the predictions of stochastic electron heat transport theory. These results provide a first experimental test of stochastic transport theory in a highly rotating, hot, collisionless plasma and demonstrate a promising solution to the critical issue of controlling edge instabilities in fusion plasma devices.

Evans, T E; Moyer, R A; Burrell, K H; Fenstermacher, M E; Joseph, I; Leonard, A W; Osborne, T H; Porter, G D; Schaffer, M J; Snyder, P B; Thomas, P R; Watkins, J G; West, W P

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

359

Hydrodynamic effects of leading-edge tubercles on control surfaces and in flapping foil propulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the hydrodynamic effects of biologically-inspired leading-edge tubercles. Two complementary studies examine the performance of three-dimensional hydrofoils based on the pectoral flippers of the ...

Stanway, Michael Jordan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Delivering cutting edge OOP curriculum in a time of resource reduction (without sacrificing quality)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consistently delivering cutting edge OOP curriculum and instruction in the computer science discipline in times of economic constraint is an on-going challenge. This paper outlines the modifications made by one institution to the curriculum and delivery ...

Sharon N. Vest; David D. Langan

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Edge tunneling and transport in non-abelian fractional quantum Hall systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several aspects of tunneling at the edge of a fractional quantum Hall (FQH) state are studied. Most examples are given for the non- abelian filling fraction ? = 5 2 Moore-Read Pfaffian state. For tunneling between opposite ...

Overbosch, Bas Jorn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Colour Constancy from Both Sides of the Shadow Edge Stuart E. Lynch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the basis of a novel solution strategy: an illumina- tion edge in an image provides a powerful cue. Given that the spectrum of light can vary (i.e. daylight ­ blue, sunlight ­ yellow), the observed

Drew, Mark S.

363

PISCES Program: Plasma-materials interactions and edge-plasma physics research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program investigates and characterizes the behavior of materials under plasma bombordment, in divertor regions. The PISCES facility is used to study divertor and plasma edge management concepts (in particular gas target divertors), as well as edge plasma turbulence and transport. The plasma source consists of a hot LaB[sub 6] cathode with an annular, water-cooled anode and attached drift tube. This cross sectional area of the plasma can be adjusted between 3 and 10 cm. A fast scanning diagnostic probe system was used for mapping plasma density profiles during biased limiter and divertor simulation experiments. Some experimental data are given on: (1) materials and surface physics, (2) edge plasma physics, and (3) a theoretical analysis of edge plasma modelling.

Conn, R.W.; Hirooka, Y.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Imagery Randomized Block Analysis (IRBA) Applied to the Verification of Cloud Edge Detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recently developed statistical method is described for evaluating the effectiveness of numerical models. This method is applied to the verification of the effectiveness of satellite imagery cloud edge detectors. Digital satellite data are ...

Frank P. Kelly; Thomas H. Vonder Haar; Paul W. Mielke Jr.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Electric field control of spin-resolved edge states in graphene quantum nanorings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electric-field effect on the electronic and magnetic properties of triangular and hexagonal graphene quantum rings with zigzag edge termination is investigated by means of the single-band tight-binding Hamiltonian and the mean-field Hubbard model. It is shown how the electron and spin states in the nanoring structures can be manipulated by applying an electric field. We find different spin-depolarization behaviors with variation of electric field strength due to the dependence of spin densities on the shapes and edges of this kind of nanorings. In the case of triangular quantum rings, the magnetization on the inner and outer edges can be selectively tuned and the spin states depolarize gradually as the field strength is increased, while in the case of hexagonal nanorings, the transverse electric field reduces the magnetic moments on both inner and outer edges symmetrically and rapidly.

Farghadan, R., E-mail: rfarghadan@kashanu.ac.ir [Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saffarzadeh, A. [Department of Physics, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

366

Application of X-ray K-edge densitometry in D and D operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

K-edge densitometry is a nondestructive assay technique which provides accurate measurement of heavy metal contamination in pipes, containers, and other items encountered in D and D operations. A prototype mobile K-edge instrument has been built and demonstrated in several applications. Results from measurements of uranium in pipes and spent reactor fuel plates, and quantification of mercury and lead in waste drums are presented. In this report the authors briefly describe the theory behind K-edge densitometry. They follow that with a description of the prototype system they have developed, and a presentation of results from demonstrations of this system. They conclude with a discussion of the potential for application of K-edge analysis in D and D operations.

Jensen, T.; Aljundi, T.; Gray, J.N. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)]|[Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Center for NDE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Leading Edge Flow Structure of a Dynamically Pitching NACA 0012 Airfoil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEADING EDGE FLOW STRUCTURE OF A DYNAMICALLY PITCHING NACA 0012 AIRFOIL A Thesis by BRANDON JAMES PRUSKI Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Rodney Bowersox Committee Members, Helen Reed Simon North Head of Department, Rodney Bowersox December 2012 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering Copyright 2012 Brandon James Pruski ABSTRACT The leading edge...

Pruski, Brandon

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

368

Final Technical Report: Global Field Aligned Mesh and Gyrokinetic Field Solver in a Tokamak Edge Geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was a collaboration between researchers at the California Institute of Technology and the University of California, Irvine to investigate the utility of a global field-aligned mesh and gyrokinetic field solver for simulations of the tokamak plasma edge region. Mesh generation software from UC Irvine was tested with specific tokamak edge magnetic geometry scenarios and the quality of the meshes and the solutions to the gyrokinetic Poisson equation were evaluated.

Cummings, Julian C. [California Institute of Technology

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Gas turbine bucket wall thickness control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A core for use in casting a turbine bucket including serpentine cooling passages is divided into two pieces including a leading edge core section and a trailing edge core section. Wall thicknesses at the leading edge and the trailing edge of the turbine bucket can be controlled independent of each other by separately positioning the leading edge core section and the trailing edge core section in the casting die. The controlled leading and trailing edge thicknesses can thus be optimized for efficient cooling, resulting in more efficient turbine operation.

Stathopoulos, Dimitrios (Glenmont, NY); Xu, Liming (Greenville, SC); Lewis, Doyle C. (Greer, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site June 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Harrel McCray, left, and Joey Clark, employees with SRS management and operations contractor, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, stand by an extensive SRS cleanup system that safely and successfully rid the site of more than 33,000 gallons of non-radioactive chemical

371

Secretary Chu Announces New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy Research Facilities Secretary Chu Announces New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy Research Facilities October 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced new investments today in three university-led wind energy research facilities that will enhance the United States' leadership role in testing and producing the most advanced and efficient wind turbines in the world. The funding is from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and the research will focus on improving both land-based and offshore wind generation. "Wind power has the potential to provide 20 percent of our electricity and create hundreds of thousands of jobs," said Secretary Chu. "We need to

372

Summary World Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This biofuels dataset includes the following ethanol production data: World (1975 - 2010); ten leading countries in the world (2010); U.S. (1978 - 2010); Brazil (1975 - 2010); China (2002 - 2010); E.U. (1992 - 2010), as well as Corn production and use for ethanol in the U.S. (1980 - 2010). Also included is biodiesel production data for: World (1991 - 2010); five leading countries (2010); U.S. (2000 - 2010); and the E.U. (2000 - 2010).

373

New 100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation 100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation New 100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation November 15, 2011 - 11:22am Addthis Initially the network will connect the three Energy Department unclassified supercomputing centers: the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Berkeley Lab, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF), and Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), as well as the Manhattan Landing International Exchange Point (MANLAN). Initially the network will connect the three Energy Department unclassified supercomputing centers: the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Berkeley Lab, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF), and Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), as well as the

374

In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel June 2, 2010 - 4:55pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Forget solar or wind. In the carpet capitol of the world, Shaw Industries, Inc. in Dalton, Ga., is sticking to what it knows best: carpet. The flooring company sends a good portion of the trimmings from its carpet-producing facility to its waste-to-energy plant, which turns the material into steam by heating it with extreme temperatures to power the plant's dye-processing machines. And soon, another Shaw facility will have a plant just like it, meaning all the trimmings that come out the company's eight production facilities-and some from other companies'

375

At Solar System's Edge, There be...Bubbles? - NERSC Science News, June 9,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

At Solar System's At Solar System's Edge, There be...Bubbles? At Solar System's Edge, There be...Bubbles? Voyagers, Computer Models Find Surprising Magnetic Froth June 9, 2011 | Tags: Astrophysics, Franklin, Fusion Energy, Fusion Energy Sciences (FES), Hopper Margie Wylie, mwylie@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 7421 This animated computer simulation shows how magnetic bubbles form at the edge of our solar system. It was created on NERSC's "Franklin" supercomputer using 8,192 processor cores simultaneously running for 20 hours. (Credit: James F. Drake) NASA's Voyager probes have reached the end of our solar system where they've found neither giants nor dragons, but something nearly as surprising-a turbulent froth of magnetic bubbles. Using new computer models to analyze Voyager data, scientists computing at

376

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site June 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Harrel McCray, left, and Joey Clark, employees with SRS management and operations contractor, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, stand by an extensive SRS cleanup system that safely and successfully rid the site of more than 33,000 gallons of non-radioactive chemical

377

New Energy Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Highest  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Highest Energy Efficiency New Energy Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Highest Energy Efficiency July 14, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today are announcing for the first time products recognized as the most energy-efficient in their categories among those that have earned the Energy Star label. This pilot program is part of Energy Star's overall commitment to protect people's health and the environment by encouraging energy efficiency. The "Most Efficient" initiative also continues Energy Star's work to provide consumers with the best efficiency information so they can make investments that will lower

378

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research Projects Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research Projects February 21, 2012 - 12:18pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that with support from the Department of Energy, 142 small businesses around the nation are starting work this week on 180 innovative research projects ranging from designing better wind turbines to developing a chemical-free approach to killing bacteria in power plant cooling water and from developing instruments to improve nanomaterials to making new coatings to improve the efficiency of gas turbines. These grants to small businesses - totaling $26.4 million - are developing new energy technologies that

379

Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event September 27, 2013 - 4:00pm Addthis Team Muscle Milk won the American Le Mans Series race at the Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas last weekend. The Honda ARX-03c runs on E10 fuel. | Photo courtesy of Rizzo Motorsports Images Team Muscle Milk won the American Le Mans Series race at the Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas last weekend. The Honda ARX-03c runs on E10 fuel. | Photo courtesy of Rizzo Motorsports Images A Corvette running on E85 fuel won the GT class at Circuit of the Americas. | Photo courtesy of Rizzo Motorsports Images A Corvette running on E85 fuel won the GT class at Circuit of the Americas.

380

Summary World Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world solar energy. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This solar energy dataset includes the following: World solar PV production (1975 - 2009); Annual solar PV production by country (1995 - 2009); Solar PV production in the US (1976 - 2009); World cumulative solar PV installations (1998 - 2009); Annual solar PV installations in selected countries and the world (1998 - 2009); Cumulative solar PV installations in the US (1998 - 2009) and EU (1998 - 2009); World installed concentrating solar thermal power capacity (1980 - 2009); solar water and space heating area in selected countries (2008) and top ten countries (2008).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Summary World Oil Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil Data (from World on the Edge) Oil Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world oil. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This world oil dataset includes the following data: World oil production (1950 - 2009): Top 20 producing countries (2009); Oil production in U.S. (1900 - 2009); Oil consumption in U.S. (950 - 2010); Oil consumption in China (1965 - 2009); Oil consumption in E.U. (1965 - 2009); Top 20 oil importing countries (2009); World's 20 largest oil discoveries; Real price of gasoline (2007); Retail gas prices by country (2008); and fossil fuel consumption subsidies (2009).

382

EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use January 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website EM's previous website A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website WASHINGTON, D.C. - EM entered 2013 with a bold transition to a more user-friendly public website, http://energy.gov/em. EM launched the redesigned site after an extensive effort to recreate its old EM web pages and provide a modern Internet experience for website visitors. Based on Energy.gov's fresh innovative appearance and effective

383

In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel In Carpet Capitol of the World, Carpet Edging is Green Fuel June 2, 2010 - 4:55pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Forget solar or wind. In the carpet capitol of the world, Shaw Industries, Inc. in Dalton, Ga., is sticking to what it knows best: carpet. The flooring company sends a good portion of the trimmings from its carpet-producing facility to its waste-to-energy plant, which turns the material into steam by heating it with extreme temperatures to power the plant's dye-processing machines. And soon, another Shaw facility will have a plant just like it, meaning all the trimmings that come out the company's eight production facilities-and some from other companies'

384

Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at 72 By John Greenwald February 15, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One John Schmidt, 1940-2013 (Photo by Elle Starkman) John Schmidt, 1940-2013 Physicist John Schmidt, whose profound and wide-ranging contributions to the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) made him a highly respected leader in the worldwide quest for fusion energy, died on February 13 following a brain hemorrhage. He was 72. Schmidt won wide acclaim for heading the design of cutting-edge facilities for magnetic fusion research during a 36-year career at PPPL, from which he retired in 2005. As interim director in 1996 he led the Laboratory's successful transition from large, fusion power-producing experiments such

385

Peeling-off of the external kink modes at tokamak plasma edge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is pointed that there is a current jump between the edge plasma inside the last closed magnetic surface and the scrape-off layer and the current jump can lead the external kink modes to convert to the tearing modes, due to the current interchange effects [L. J. Zheng and M. Furukawa, Phys. Plasmas 17, 052508 (2010)]. The magnetic reconnection in the presence of tearing modes subsequently causes the tokamak edge plasma to be peeled off to link to the diverters. In particular, the peeling or peeling-ballooning modes can become the "peeling-off" modes in this sense. This phenomenon indicates that the tokamak edge confinement can be worse than the expectation based on the conventional kink mode picture.

Zheng, L J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use January 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website EM's previous website A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website WASHINGTON, D.C. - EM entered 2013 with a bold transition to a more user-friendly public website, http://energy.gov/em. EM launched the redesigned site after an extensive effort to recreate its old EM web pages and provide a modern Internet experience for website visitors. Based on Energy.gov's fresh innovative appearance and effective

387

DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects December 18, 2008 - 8:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science announced today that 66 projects addressing some of the greatest scientific challenges have been awarded access to some of the world's most powerful supercomputers at DOE national laboratories. The projects-competitively selected for their technical readiness and scientific merit-will advance research in key areas such as astrophysics, climate change, new materials, energy production and biology, and thereby advance U.S. competitiveness. "From understanding the makeup of our universe to protecting the quality of life here on earth, the computational science now possible using DOE's

388

The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup June 20, 2012 - 9:40am Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Watch the video to learn how Alta Devices manufacturers high performance solar cells at a low cost. Alta Devices is rethinking how high performance solar cells are made. The Silicon Valley startup has taken gallium arsenide -- an expensive semiconductor material that is incredibly efficient at turning sunlight into electricity -- and developed a commercially viable processes for manufacturing it into solar modules. In 2009, Alta Devices was selected to participate in the Energy Department's SunShot Incubator program. Now in its sixth iteration,

389

Optical properties of quantum wires: Fermi-edge singularity exponents and the low-density limit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple many-body treatment of the Fermi-edge singularities in absorption and photoemission in quasi-one-dimensional quantum wires is presented. The problem of calculating the transition probabilities is reduced to numerically evaluating a sufficient number of determinants describing the overlap of the appropriate many-body wave functions. It is found that the edge singularity exponents can be determined from the size dependence of these determinants. The well-known connection between these exponents and the phase shifts at the Fermi surface are explicitly checked for one-dimensional quantum wires. The singular edge behavior is interpreted in terms of Friedels replacement transitions and is found to be due to a replacement transition to the bound state, a result confirmed by considering the evolution of the spectra in the low-density limit. 1996 The American Physical Society.

H. H. von Grnberg; K. P. Jain; R. J. Elliott

1996-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Bulk-edge correspondence in (2?+?1)-dimensional Abelian topological phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The same bulk two-dimensional topological phase can have multiple distinct, fully chiral edge phases. We show that this can occur in the integer quantum Hall states at ?=8 and 12, with experimentally testable consequences. We show that this can occur in Abelian fractional quantum Hall states as well, with the simplest examples being at ?=87,1211,815,165. We give a general criterion for the existence of multiple distinct chiral edge phases for the same bulk phase and discuss experimental consequences. Edge phases correspond to lattices while bulk phases correspond to genera of lattices. Since there are typically multiple lattices in a genus, the bulk-edge correspondence is typically one-to-many; there are usually many stable fully chiral edge phases corresponding to the same bulk. We explain these correspondences using the theory of integral quadratic forms. We show that fermionic systems can have edge phases with only bosonic low-energy excitations and discuss a fermionic generalization of the relation between bulk topological spins and the central charge. The latter follows from our demonstration that every fermionic topological phase can be represented as a bosonic topological phase, together with some number of filled Landau levels. Our analysis shows that every Abelian topological phase can be decomposed into a tensor product of theories associated with prime numbers p in which every quasiparticle has a topological spin that is a pnth root of unity for some n. It also leads to a simple demonstration that all Abelian topological phases can be represented by U(1)N Chern-Simons theory parameterized by a K matrix.

Jennifer Cano; Meng Cheng; Michael Mulligan; Chetan Nayak; Eugeniu Plamadeala; Jon Yard

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

391

Graphene flakes with defective edge terminations: Universal and topological aspects, and one-dimensional quantum behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic tight-binding investigations of the electronic spectra (as a function of the magnetic field) are presented for trigonal graphene nanoflakes with reconstructed zigzag edges, where a succession of pentagons and heptagons, that is 5-7 defects, replaces the hexagons at the zigzag edge. For nanoflakes with such reczag defective edges, emphasis is placed on topological aspects and connections underlying the patterns dominating these spectra. The electronic spectra of trigonal graphene nanoflakes with reczag edge terminations exhibit certain unique features, in addition to those that are well known to appear for graphene dots with zigzag edge termination. These unique features include breaking of the particle-hole symmetry, and they are associated with nonlinear dispersion of the energy as a function of momentum, which may be interpreted as nonrelativistic behavior. The general topological features shared with the zigzag flakes include the appearance of energy gaps at zero and low magnetic fields due to finite size, the formation of relativistic Landau levels at high magnetic fields, and the presence between the Landau levels of edge states (the socalled Halperin states) associated with the integer quantum Hall effect. Topological regimes, unique to the reczag nanoflakes, appear within a stripe of negative energies E_b < E < 0, and along a separate feature forming a constant-energy line outside this stripe. The lower bound (E_b) specifying the energy stripe is independent of size. A main finding concerns the limited applicability of the continuous Dirac-Weyl equation, since the latter does not reproduce the special reczag features. (See also the extended abstract in the paper.)

Igor Romanovsky; Constantine Yannouleas; Uzi Landman

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

392

Imaging of quantum Hall edge states under quasiresonant excitation by a near-field scanning optical microscope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high resolution mapping of quantum Hall edge states has been performed by locally creating electrons with small excess energies with a near-field scanning optical microscope in a dilution refrigerator. We have observed fine structures parallel to the edge in photovoltage signals, which appear only at low temperature. The observed fine structures near sample edges have been seen to shift inward with increase in magnetic field in accordance with Chklovskii Shklovskii, and Glazman model.

Ito, H.; Shibata, Y.; Mamyoda, S.; Ootuka, Y.; Nomura, S. [Division of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tennodai, Tsukuba, 305-8571 (Japan); Kashiwaya, S. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Umezono, Tsukuba, 305-8568 (Japan); Yamaguchi, M.; Akazaki, T.; Tamura, H. [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi, 243-0198 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

A mechanism for magnetic field stochastization and energy release during an edge pedestal collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of three-dimensional nonlinear magnetohydrodynamic simulations, we propose a new dynamical process leading to the stochastization of magnetic fields during an edge pedestal collapse. Primary tearing modes are shown to grow by extracting kinetic energy of unstable ballooning modes, eventually leading to the island overlap. Secondary tearing modes, which are generated through a coherent nonlinear interaction between adjacent ballooning modes, play a key role in this process, mediating the energy transfer between primary ballooning and tearing modes. Explicit calculations of the parallel energy loss through the stochastic field lines show that it can be a likely dominant energy loss mechanism during an edge pedestal collapse.

Rhee, Tongnyeol; Jhang, Hogun; Park, Gun Young; Singh, Raghvendra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Advection at a randomly positioned spherical edge I = (i, j, k) = coordinates of "north pole"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perpendicular to edge e = E·S = w E·W + n E·N = velocity component parallel to edge F·W = (kpp + kqq - ipr - jqr - ipr - jqr) / cos cos = (k - r sin) / cos cos = F·W (F·W)2 + (E·W)2 = (F·N)2 + (E·N)2 = (F·W)2 + (F·N)2 = (E·W)2 + (E·N)2 = 1 / = W·F cos / cos = (kpp + kqq - ipr - jqr) / cos2 / = W·E / cos = (jp - iq

395

Electrical control of flying spin precession in chiral 1D edge states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical control and detection of spin precession are experimentally demonstrated by using spin-resolved edge states in the integer quantum Hall regime. Spin precession is triggered at a corner of a biased metal gate, where electron orbital motion makes a sharp turn leading to a nonadiabatic change in the effective magnetic field via spin-orbit interaction. The phase of precession is controlled by the group velocity of edge-state electrons tuned by gate bias voltage: Spin-FET-like coherent control of spin precession is thus realized by all-electrical means.

Nakajima, Takashi; Komiyama, Susumu [Department of Basic Science, University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Lin, Kuan-Ting [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

396

Theory of shear suppression of edge turbulence by externally driven radio-frequency waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here, we propose and analyze a technique for active suppression of tokamak edge turbulence. Suppression occurs due to the effects of a sheared radial electric field generated by externally driven radio-frequency waves. Plasma flow is induced by radially varying wave-driven Reynolds and magnetic stresses, and opposed by neoclassical damping. For Alfvnic flow drive, the predicted shear flow profile is determined by ion inertia and electron dissipation effects. Results indicate that a modest amount of absorbed power is required for edge-turbulence suppression. More generally, several novel results in the theory of momentum transport by electromagnetic fluctuations are presented.

G. G. Craddock and P. H. Diamond

1991-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

397

In situ tomography of femtosecond optical beams with a holographic knife-edge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using a grating similar to that shown in Fig. 3(a) with 160 m?? ? and 2? ?? . The discontinuity at x was scanned, and the knife-edge data was recorded by a photodiode. The waist of the Gaussian beam was found to be roughly ~2 mm, which... a distance of 100f ? cm away from the SLM, PD = photodiode power meter head, PM = power meter. The upper left inset is an example- hologram to create a 2,2 o LG beam followed by an angular knife-edge. This setup is similar in design...

Strohaber, James; Kaya, G; N, Kay; Hart, Nathan; Kolomenskii, Alexander; Paulus, Gerhard; Schuessler, Hans

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

The effects of a jet on vortex breakdown over a sharp leading-edge delta wing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF A JET ON VORTEX BREAKDOWN OVER A SHARP LEADING-EDGE DELTA WING A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering THE EFFECTS OF A JET ON VORTEX BREAKDOWN OVER A SHARP LEADING-EDGE DELTA WING A Thesis by IAN KENNETH MAYNARD Approved as to style and content by: Cyrus Ostowar (Chairman of Committee) Stan J Miley (M er...

Maynard, Ian Kenneth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Cooking with Trail Mix (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?car ? cucharadita de vainilla 1? taza de mezcla de frutos secos Manera de prepararse 1. L?vese las manos y aseg?rese de que el sitio en el que va a cocinar est? limpio. 2. Caliente el horno a 350 grados F. 3. En un taz?n grande mezcle el az?car, el... mezcla en una bandeja para panquecitos que haya engrasado previamente y hornee durante 20 a 25 minutos. Manera de prepararse 1. L?vese las manos y aseg?rese de que el sitio en el que va a cocinar est? limpio. 2. Caliente el horno a 350 grados F. 3...

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

400

Edge Temperature Gradient as Intrinsic Rotation Drive in Alcator C-Mod Tokamak Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic rotation has been observed in I-mode plasmas from the C-Mod tokamak, and is found to be similar to that in H mode, both in its edge origin and in the scaling with global pressure. Since both plasmas have similar ...

Rice, John E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Slow poisoning and destruction of networks: edge proximity and its implications for biological and infrastructure networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There have been many studies on malicious targeting of network nodes using degree, betweenness etc. We propose a new network metric, edge proximity, ${\\cal P}_e$, which demonstrates the importance of specific edges in a network, hitherto not captured by existing network metrics. Effects of removing edges with high ${\\cal P}_e$ might initially seem inconspicuous but is eventually shown to be very harmful for the network. When compared to existing strategies, removal of edges by ${\\cal P}_e$, leads to remarkable increase of diameter and average path length in real and random networks till the first disconnection and beyond. ${\\cal P}_e$ can be consistently used to rupture the network into two nearly equal parts, thus presenting a very potent strategy to greatly harm a network. Targeting by ${\\cal P}_e$ causes notable efficiency loss in US and European power grid. ${\\cal P}_e$ identifies proteins with essential cellular functions in protein-protein interaction networks. It pinpoints regulatory neural connections...

Banerjee, Soumya Jyoti; Roy, Soumen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Low Velocity Boron Micro-Pellet Injector For Edge And Core Impurity Transport Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

velocities to insure penetration into the cores of high density, high temperature reactor grade plasmas at controlled penetration depths in the edge plasma. Applications involving short penetration distances and;3 required ablation rate. This paper describes a simple Low Velocity Boron Micro-Pellet Injector that has

403

Research Led by Sandia Reveals Leading-Edge Erosion Significantly Reduces Wind Turbine Performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Research conducted by DOE's Sandia National Laboratories revealed that leading-edge erosion on wind turbine blades can have a detrimental effect on wind turbine aerodynamic performance within the second year of operation. Light erosion may lead to a 5% decrease in annual energy production, and heavy erosion may reduce energy production by as much as 25%.

404

Radiation dose and image quality in K-edge subtraction computed tomography of lung in vivo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radiation dose dependency of image quality was showed in in vivo rabbit lung images with and without a contrast agent using the synchrotron-radiation-based K-edge subtraction method. Consistency of the theoretical and measured radiation dose rate values was found.

Strengell, S.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

he edge of a torn plastic sheet forms a complex three-dimensional fractal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T he edge of a torn plastic sheet forms a complex three-dimensional fractal shape. We have found to the generation of characteristic wavy shapes. We used rectangular plastic sheets pulled from the sides (in the y produce an irreversible plastic deforma- tion of the sheet and, as they are relieved, the deformed sheet

Texas at Austin. University of

406

LA-UR-01-0762 Title NAKE'MUU: VILLAGE ON THE EDGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a room in the northeast section of the site that contained preserved wall plaster. Steen attempted to preserve the plaster by applying a "patching plaster" around its edges. It is unclear how old the original plaster actually is, however, an elderly resident of San Ildefonso Pueblo considered it to be recent

407

The Green's function BEM for bimaterial solids applied to edge stress concentration problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Green's function BEM for bimaterial solids applied to edge stress concentration problems M of the line forces and dislocation dipoles over its boundary. The fundamental solutions used are the Green continuity conditions there are automatically satisfied by the Green's functions. The BEM will be applied

Denda, Mitsunori "Mitch"

408

The Role of Cetaceans in the Shelf-Edge Region of the Northeastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of Cetaceans in the Shelf-Edge Region of the Northeastern United States JAMES H. W. HAIN, MARTIN A. M. HYMAN, ROBERT D. KENNEY, and HOWARD E. WINN Introduction Man has been, and continues to be, RI 02881; the present address of J. H. W. Hain is Associated Scientists at Woods Hole, Box 721, Woods

409

1092 The Leading Edge September 2008 The SEG Foundation's Summer Field Camp grant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1092 The Leading Edge September 2008 The SEG Foundation's Summer Field Camp grant program received. Their commitment of $500 000, to be de- livered in five annual installments, includes funds for field camp grants have been the primary recipients of these grants. Since 2006, the field camps grant program has been

410

Simulation of a Flash Flooding Storm at the Steep Edge of the Himalayas Anil Kumar1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Simulation of a Flash Flooding Storm at the Steep Edge of the Himalayas Anil Kumar1 NASA Goddard;2 Abstract A flash flood and landslide in the Leh Valley of Jammu and Kashmir State, India, on 5-6 August model simulation validates this hypothesized storm scenario, with the model storm taking the form

Houze Jr., Robert A.

411

EP464 Fall 2004 Prof. Michael P. Bradley Edge Effects in the Parallel Plate Capacitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EP464 Fall 2004 Prof. Michael P. Bradley Edge Effects in the Parallel Plate Capacitor: The Maxwell y - + + + - #12;EP464 Fall 2004 Prof. Michael P. Bradley and also multiply from x=- to a finite x value. #12;EP464 Fall 2004 Prof. Michael P. Bradley These two equipotential

Saskatchewan, University of

412

Tunneling between Edge States in a Quantum Spin Hall System Anders Strom and Henrik Johannesson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be realized at low energies in a plane of graphene due to spin- orbit interactions [4]. Being a band insulator two opposite edges of a QSH bar (Fig. 1). When the bar is connected to a battery, a net spin current

Johannesson, Henrik

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption edge imaging Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NUMBER 16 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 21 APRIL 1997 High Intensity Laser Absorption by Gases of Atomic Clusters Summary: in the rising edge of the pulse. The close...

414

Abrupt climate shifts in Greenland due to displacements of the sea ice edge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by insulating the atmosphere from the substantial heat capacity of the ocean. When sea ice is absent, the oceanAbrupt climate shifts in Greenland due to displacements of the sea ice edge Camille Li,1 David S that a reduction in sea ice extent in the North Atlantic produces a climatic response consistent with abrupt

Schrag, Daniel

415

Modeling of hard part machining: effect of insert edge preparation in CBN cutting tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discharge machining (EDM) processes in many applications. This approach also reduces the leadModeling of hard part machining: effect of insert edge preparation in CBN cutting tools Tugrul O February 2003 Abstract High speed machining of hardened steels for manufacturing dies and molds offers

Ozel, Tugrul

416

Investigation of ELM [edge localized mode] Dynamics with the Resonant Magnetic Perturbation Effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topics covered are: anomalous transport and E x B flow shear effects in the H-mode pedestal; RMP (resonant magnetic perturbation) effects in NSTX discharges; development of a scaling of H-mode pedestal in tokamak plasmas with type I ELMs (edge localized modes); and divertor heat load studies.

Pankin, Alexei Y.; Kritz, Arnold H.

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

417

Electron-cyclotron wave scattering by edge density fluctuations in ITER Christos Tsironis,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influence on localized heating and current drive. A wave used for electron-cyclotron current drive ECCD must. doi:10.1063/1.3264105 I. INTRODUCTION In the electron-cyclotron resonance heating ECRH sys- temElectron-cyclotron wave scattering by edge density fluctuations in ITER Christos Tsironis,1

Isliker, Heinz

418

Electroabsorption modulator performance predicted from band-edge absorption spectra of bulk, quantum-well,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, quantum-well, and quantum-well-intermixed InGaAsP structures Gordon B. Morrison a,*, James W. Raring c-well-intermixed InGaAsP material are collected and compared using photocurrent spectroscopy. The expected will change the band-edge absorp- tion spectrum. This property can be induced in InGaAsP by two distinct

Coldren, Larry A.

419

Evaluation of a sodium/Hastelloy-X heat pipe for wing leading edge cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers assembly of a sodium heat pipe, testing to verify performance during start-up and under steady-state conditions with stagnation point heat loads to about 80 W/cm{sup 2}, performance analysis and evaluation. Evaluation of this leading edge cooling concept is offered and recommendations for further research discussed.

Merrigan, M.A.; Sena, J.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Glass, D.E. [Analytical Services and Materials, Hampton, VA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

The Tilt of the Leading Edge of Mesoscale Tropical Convective Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tilt with height of the leading edge of seven mesoscale convective lines in GATE is determined by two independent methods. When averaged over time and along the line axis, the tilt is found to he surprisingly shallow, between 20 and 35 ...

M. A. LeMone; G. M. Barnes; E. J. Szoke; E. J. Zipser

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Current distribution near an electrode edge as a primary distribution is approached  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When ohmic resistances dominate over electrode kinetic resistances, the distribution of current density on an electrode can be highly nonuniform. In the limit of zero kinetic resistance (i.e., a primary current distribution) the current density at the edge of an electrode will be infinite if the interior angle of intersection between the electrode and insulator is obtuse. In practical cases, nonzero kinetic resistances exist, and the current density remains finite. Previous results demonstrate that, when the ohmic resistance is large compared to the kinetic resistance, the current distribution can be described by the primary distribution everywhere except the edge region. The purpose of this paper is to describe the deviations from the primary distribution and to show explicitly the manner in which the current density at the edge of the electrode approaches extreme values as the ohmic resistance becomes large. The analysis is valid for any angle of intersection and can be applied in the edge region (for a large ohmic resistance) regardless of the geometric details of the rest of the electrochemical cell. Results are given for linear and Tafel kinetics.

West, A.C.; Newman, J. (Materials and Chemical Sciences Div., Lawrence Berkley Lab., and Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Univ. of California, Berkley, CA (US))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A FLASH-FLOODING STORM AT THE STEEP EDGE OF HIGH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was the Big Thompson flood of 1976 in Colorado, which remains of intense interest in the United StatesA FLASH-FLOODING STORM AT THE STEEP EDGE OF HIGH TERRAIN Disaster in the Himalayas by Kristen L. rasmussen and robert a. Houze Jr. A lethal flash flood inundated a town when moist airflow from the lowlands

Houze Jr., Robert A.

423

APRIL 1998 THE LEADING EDGE 461 ncreases in computing power and advances in mathe-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimization theory have combined to produce a new generation of algorithms that can invert geophysical dataAPRIL 1998 THE LEADING EDGE 461 ncreases in computing power and advances in mathe- matical. In this short article, we illustrate both the practicability of inverting geophysical data and the impor- tant

Oldenburg, Douglas W.

424

Initialization is Robust in Evolutionary Algorithms that Encode Spanning Trees as Sets of Edges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of random spanning trees is not as simple as it might appear. Mechanisms based on Prim's and Kruskal's minimum spanning tree algorithms are not uniform, and uniform mechanisms are slow, not guaranteed- bution of edges in its initial population damages the EA's performance, but this is remedied

Julstrom, Bryant A.

425

Fast 2-D Camera Control, Data Acquisition, and Database Techniques for Edge Studies on NSTX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Scotti1, M. K. Ko3 1Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08540 2 Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, CO 80301 3 Princeton H.S., Princeton, NJ 08540 Poster P3-01 Abstract Number ???? #12;NSTX-U 9th IAEA TM ­ Fast 2-D Camera Plasma Edge Studies (W. Davis) May 6-10, 2013 Abstract 2 Fast 2-D

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

426

X-ray bandwidth: Determination by on-edge absorption and effect on various absorption experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray bandwidth: Determination by on-edge absorption and effect on various absorption experiments of an x-ray source is increasingly important in fundamental experi- ments and critical applications. The bandwidth of an x-ray beam, selected from a synchrotron radiation spectrum for example, ultimately defines

Chantler, Christopher T.

427

Numerical methods for extracting edge stress intensity functions in anisotropic three-dimensional domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) depending on the given body forces and tractions on the other hand. The eigen-pairs (eigen-values and eigen domains is provided in many prior publications [21,12,9,2]. A semi-analytic approach for the eigen domains in the vicinity of an edge is represented by a family of eigen-functions (similar to 2-D domains

Yosibash, Zohar

428

Curvature in orbital dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

qualitatively correct, the angle AOC, where O is the point ibut i n the diagram AOC ~ 130. Evidently Newton made an

Nauenberg, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Eliciting a human understandable model of ice adhesion strength for rotor blade leading edge materials from uncertain experimental data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the thermal conductivity of isotropic materials that protect the leading edge of the blade from erosion. For this reason, electro-thermal de-icing is not ideal for new high erosion resistant polymer based leading edge protec- tion materials because they have lower thermal conductivity than isotropic materials. Due

Granada, Universidad de

430

Communications: Near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy of aqueous adenosine triphosphate at the carbon and nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

triphosphate at the carbon and nitrogen K-edges Daniel N. Kelly,1 Craig P. Schwartz,1,2 Janel S. Uejio,1 online xx xx xxxx Near edge x-ray absorption fine structure NEXAFS spectroscopy at the nitrogen-sphere association of Cu2+ did create observable broadening of the nitrogen spectrum, whereas outer

Cohen, Ronald C.

431

Modeling Wind-Driven Circulation and Landfast Ice-Edge Processes during Polynya Events in Northern Baffin Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attached to the ice edge that is generated during strong northerly wind events. Primary production heat polynyas. In the former case, sea ice is continuously advected by winds and/or currents away fromModeling Wind-Driven Circulation and Landfast Ice-Edge Processes during Polynya Events in Northern

432

Google:[Leonid Zakharov] http://w3.pppl.gov/~zakharov Where is the edge in toroidal plasmas ?1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leonid E. Zakharov Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, Princeton NJ 08543­AC020­76­CHO­3073. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL #12;Contents 1 What is the plasma edge 4 2 is the plasma edge 27 6 Summary. 32 Leonid E. Zakharov, Experimental Seminar, PPPL April 15, 2008, Princeton NJ

Zakharov, Leonid E.

433

Integrated particle simulation of neoclassical and turbulence physics in the tokamak pedestal/edge region using XGC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integrated gyrokinetic particle simulation with turbulence and neoclassical physics in a diverted tokamak edge plasma has been performed. Neoclassical equilibrium gyrokinetic solutions in the whole edge plasma have been separated from the turbulence activities for the first time, using the massively parallel Jaguar XT3 computer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The equilibrium solutions in an H-mode-like edge plasma condition show strongly sheared global ExB and parallel flows in the entire edge plasma including the pedestal and scrape-off regions. In an L-mode-like edge plasma condition, the sheared flows in the pedestal layer are much weaker, supporting the conjecture that the neoclassical flow-shear may play a significant role in the H-mode physics.

Chang, C S [New York University; Ku, Seung-Hoe [New York University; Adams, Mark [Columbia University; D'Azevedo, Eduardo [ORNL; Chen, Yang [University of Colorado, Boulder; Cummings, Julian [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena; Ethier, Stephane [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Greengard, Leslie [New York University; Hahm, Taik Soo [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Hinton, Fred [University of California, San Diego; Keyes, David E [Columbia University; Klasky, Scott A [ORNL; Lee, Wei-Li [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Lin, Zhihong [University of California, Irvine; Nishimura, Yasutaro [University of California, Irvine; Parker, Scott [University of Colorado, Boulder; Samtaney, Ravi [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Stotler, D. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Weitzner, Harold [New York University; Worley, Patrick H [ORNL; Zorin, Denis [New York University

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Maximum edge-cuts in~cubic graphs with large girth and in~random cubic graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that for every cubic graph G with sufficiently large girth there exists a probability distribution on edge-cuts of G such that each edge is in a randomly chosen cut with probability at least 0.88672. This implies that G contains an edge-cut of size at least 1.33008n, where n is the number of vertices of G, and has fractional cut covering number at most 1.12776. The lower bound on the size of maximum edge-cut also applies to random cubic graphs. Specifically, a random n-vertex cubic graph a.a.s. contains an edge cut of size 1.33008n.

Kardos, Frantisek; Volec, Jan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Establishment of a research facility for investigating the effects of unsteady inlet flow, pressure gradient and curvature on boundary layer development, wake development and heat transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2. LITERATURE REVIEW 3. OBJECTIVES TABLE OF CONTENTS Page nl tv v111 xt 4. THE EXPERIMENTAL TEST FACILITY 4. 1. Overall Layout of the Test Facility 4, 2. The Fan and Inlet Duct Assembly 4. 3. The Diffuser, Settling Chamber and Nozzle... Assembly . 4. 4. The Wake Generator to Simulate Unsteady Inlet Flow . 4, 5. The Test Section to Simulate Blade Curvature 4, 6, The Convex Wall and Traversing System 4. 7, Adjustment of the Turbulence Level 4. 8. Capabilities of the Test Facility, 5...

Pardivala, Darayus Noshir

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

436

DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects | U.S. DOE Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE Awards DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.18.08 DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science announced today that 66 projects addressing some of the greatest scientific challenges have been awarded access to some of the world's most powerful supercomputers at DOE national laboratories. The projects-competitively selected for their technical readiness and scientific merit-will advance research in key areas such as astrophysics,

437

U.S. Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge Solar PV Coating Technologies U.S. Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge Solar PV Coating Technologies February 28, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Abu Dhabi-UAE: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Masdar, Abu Dhabi's multifaceted renewable energy initiative, announced that they will collaborate to test the performance of specially coated solar photovoltaic modules designed to avoid the moisture and cementation problems currently faced by PV module producers worldwide and prevent dry dust adhesion. Developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) - the U.S. federal laboratory dedicated to the research, development, commercialization and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency

438

PPPL scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting By Kitta MacPherson November 12, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Gallery: The "Remote Glow Discharge Experiment (RGDX)". The "Remote Glow Discharge Experiment (RGDX)". Arturo Dominguez. (Photo by Elle Starkman/ PPPL Office of Communications) Arturo Dominguez. More than 1,500 researchers, including scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), have gathered in Denver, Colorado, for the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's (APS) Division of Plasma Physics (DPP). The five-day conference concludes Nov. 15. While there, they will attend nine half-day sessions covering topics ranging from the challenges of producing a fusion reaction

439

Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Cutting-Edge  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Cutting-Edge Pilot Plant Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Cutting-Edge Pilot Plant July 25, 2011 - 9:44am Addthis A tiny Semprius HCPV cell, mounted on an interposer. Each cell is only 0.6mm on one side. | Photo courtesy of Semprius A tiny Semprius HCPV cell, mounted on an interposer. Each cell is only 0.6mm on one side. | Photo courtesy of Semprius A prototype of the module that will be manufactured at the new plant in Henderson, North Caroline. | Photo courtesy of Semprius A prototype of the module that will be manufactured at the new plant in Henderson, North Caroline. | Photo courtesy of Semprius The Semprius RD&D system in Tucson, Arizona. | Photo courtesy of Semprius

440

Plot/SurfW: Plotting Utility for EDGE2D Output  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a utility that was developed to display EDGE2D results. The utility is focused on results that relate to impurity density, velocity, and particle fluxes in the SOL and divertor. Due to the complicated nature of 2D impurity sources, the concentration of the thermal force near the separatrix and near the divertor entrance, the impurity flow pattern and impurity densities are not necessarily easy to visualize. Thus, we wanted a utility that allowed simple and quick visualization of the impurity behavior. In order to achieve this we overlaid the divertor hardware for plots inside the divertor and we expanded the appearance of the main chamber SOL by plotting distance along the field lines vs. SOL depth with the density (or velocity or flux or other quantity) the false colour. Also, we allowed for the plotted variable to be a function of the other EDGE2D result variables. __________________________________________________

W.M. Davis and J.D. Strachan

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SXR-XUV Diagnostics for Edge and Core of Magnetically Confined Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present report summarizes the results obtained during a one-year extension of DoE grant SXR-XUV Diagnostics for Edge and Core of Magnetically Confined Plasmas, at Johns Hopkins University, aimed at completing the development of a new type of magnetic fusion plasma diagnostic, the XUV Transmission Grating Imaging Radiometer (TGIR). The TGIR enables simultaneous spatially and spectrally resolved measurements of the XUV/VUV radiated power from impurities in fusion plasmas, with high speed. The instrument was successfully developed and qualified in the laboratory and in experiments on a tokamak. Its future applications will be diagnostic of the impurity content and transport in the divertor and edge of advanced magnetic fusion experiments, such as NSTX Upgrade.

Stutman, Dan [Johns Hopkins University

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

442

Predicting the Voltage Dependence of Interfacial Electrochemical Processes at Lithium-Intercalated Graphite Edge Planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The applied potential governs lithium-intercalation and electrode passivation reactions in lithium ion batteries, but are challenging to calibrate in condensed phase DFT calculations. In this work, the "anode potential" of charge-neutral lithium-intercalated graphite (LiC(6)) with oxidized edge planes is computed as a function of Li-content n(Li)) at edge planes, using ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD), a previously introduced Li+ transfer free energy method, and the experimental Li+/Li(s) value as reference. The voltage assignments are corroborated using explicit electron transfer from fluoroethylene carbonate radical anion markers. PF6- is shown to decompose electrochemically (i.e., not just thermally) at low potentials imposed by our voltage calibration technique. We demonstrate that excess electrons reside in localized states-in-the-gap in the organic carbonate liquid region, which is not semiconductor-like (band-state-like) as widely assumed in the literature.

Leung, Kevin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Heat pipes for wing leading edges of hypersonic vehicles. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wing leading edge heat pipes were conceptually designed for three types of vehicle: an entry research vehicle, aero-space plane, and advanced shuttle. A full scale, internally instrumented sodium/Hastelloy X heat pipe was successfully designed and fabricated for the advanced shuttle application. The 69.4 inch long heat pipe reduces peak leading edge temperatures from 3500 F to 1800 F. It is internally instrumented with thermocouples and pressure transducers to measure sodium vapor qualities. Large thermal gradients and consequently large thermal stresses, which have the potential of limiting heat pipe life, were predicted to occur during startup. A test stand and test plan were developed for subsequent testing of this heat pipe. Heat pipe manufacturing technology was advanced during this program, including the development of an innovative technique for wick installation.

Boman, B.L.; Citrin, K.M.; Garner, E.C.; Stone, J.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Neutron Bragg-edge-imaging for strain mapping under in situ tensile loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wavelength selective neutron radiography at a cold neutron reactor source was used to measure strain and determine (residual) stresses in a steel sample under plane stress conditions. We present a new technique that uses an energy-resolved neutron imaging system based on a double crystal monochromator and is equipped with a specially developed (in situ) biaxial load frame to perform Bragg edge based transmission imaging. The neutron imaging technique provides a viewing area of 7 cm by 7 cm with a spatial resolution on the order of {approx} 100 {mu}m. The stress-induced shifts of the Bragg edge corresponding to the (110) lattice plane were resolved spatially for a ferritic steel alloy A36 (ASTM international) sample. Furthermore it is demonstrated that results agree with comparative data obtained using neutron diffraction and resistance based strain-gauge rosettes.

Woracek, R. [University of Tennessee, CEE Department, 223 Perkins Hall, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, Hahn Meitner Platz 1, D-14109 Berlin (Germany); Penumadu, D. [University of Tennessee, CEE Department, 223 Perkins Hall, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Kardjilov, N.; Hilger, A.; Strobl, M.; Wimpory, R. C.; Manke, I.; Banhart, J. [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, Hahn Meitner Platz 1, D-14109 Berlin (Germany)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

High temperature superconducting step-edge SNS Josephson junctions on silicon substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have fabricated and tested YBCO step-edge SNS Josephson junctions on silicon substrates. The silicon step edges were patterned photolithographically and reactively ion etched using an SF{sub 6} plasma. The structures were fabricated through sequential angled pulsed laser deposition of yttria stabilized zirconia, YBCO, and gold layers, followed by photolithographic patterning and ion milling. The completed devices showed resistively shunted junction (RSJ)-like current voltage characteristics and microwave induced Shapiro Steps. Critical currents as large as 84 {micro}A and resistances of order 0.5 {Omega} were obtained. Measurable critical currents were observed up to 76 K. The authors report on the fabrication and properties of these junctions.

Rosenthal, P.A.; Cosgrove, J.E.; Fenner, D.B.; Rudman, D.A. [Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., East Hartford, CT (United States); Vale, L.R.; Ono, R.H. [NIST, Boulder, CO (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Scattering of Radio Frequency Waves by Edge Density Blobs in Tokamak Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The density blobs and fluctuations present in the edge region of magnetic fusion devices can scatter radio frequency (RF) waves through refraction and diffraction. The scattering can diffuse the rays in space and in wave-vector space. The diffusion in space can make the rays miss their intended target region, while the diffusion in wave-vector space can broaden the wave spectrum and modify the wave damping and current profile.

Ram, A. K. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Hizanidis, K.; Kominis, Y. [National Technical University of Athens, Association EURATOM-Hellenic Republic, Zografou, Athens 15773 (Greece)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

447

Hypersonic aerospace vehicle leading-edge cooling using heat-pipe, transpiration and film-cooling techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of cooling hypersonic-vehicle leading-edge structures exposed to severe aerodynamic surface heat fluxes was studied, using a combination of liquid-metal heat pipes and surface-mass-transfer cooling techniques. A generalized, transient, finite-difference-based hypersonic leading-edge cooling model was developed that incorporated these effects and was demonstrated on an assumed aerospace plane-type wing leading edge section and a SCRAMJET engine inlet leading-edge section. The hypersonic leading-edge cooling model was developed using an existing, experimentally verified heat-pipe model. Then the existing heat-pipe model was modified by adding both transpiration and film-cooling options as new surface boundary conditions. The models used to predict the leading-edge surface heat-transfer reduction effects of the transpiration and film cooling were modifications of more-generalized, empirically based models obtained from the literature. It is concluded that cooling leading-edge structures exposed to severe hypersonic-flight environments using a combination of liquid-metal heat pipe, surface transpiration, and film cooling methods appears feasible.

Modlin, J.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The pinch of cold ions from recycling in the tokamak edge pedestal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We apply the ''natural fueling mechanism'' [W. Wan, S. E. Parker, Y. Chen, and F. W. Perkins, Phys. Plasmas 17, 040701 (2010)] to the edge pedestal. The natural fueling mechanism is where cold ions naturally pinch radially inward for a heat-flux dominated plasma. It is shown from neoclassical-neutral transport coupled simulations that the recycling neutrals and the associated source ions are colder than the main ions in the edge pedestal. These recycling source ions will pinch radially inward due to microturbulence. Gyrokinetic turbulence simulations indicate that near the top of the pedestal, the pinch velocity of the recycling source ions is much higher than the main ion outgoing flow velocity. The turbulent pinch of the recycling source ions may play a role in the edge pedestal transport and dynamics. The cold ion temperature significantly enhances the pinch velocity of the recycling source ions near to the pedestal top. Neoclassical calculations show a cold ion pinch in the pedestal as well.

Wan Weigang; Parker, Scott E.; Chen Yang [Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Park, Gun-Young [National Fusion Research Institute, 113 Gwahangno, Yuseong-Gu, DaeJeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Choong-Seock [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States); Stotler, Daren [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

PROGRESS IN QUANTIFYING THE EDGE PHYSICS OF H-MODE REGIME IN DIII-D  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Edge conditions in DIII-D are being quantified in order to provide insight into the physics of the H-mode regime. Electron temperature is not the key parameter that controls the L-H transition. Gradients of edge temperature and pressure are much more promising candidates for such parameters. The quality of H-mode confinement is strongly correlated with the height of the H-mode pedestal for the pressure. The gradient of the pressure appears to be controlled by MHD modes, in particular by kink-ballooning modes with finite mode number n. For a wide variety of discharges, the width of the barrier is well described with a relationship that is proportional to ({beta}{sub p}{sup ped}){sup 1/2}. An attractive regime of confinement has been discovered which provides steady-state operation with no ELMs, low impurity content and normal H-mode confinement. A coherent edge MHD-mode evidently provides adequate particle transport to control the plasma density and impurity content while permitting the pressure pedestal to remain almost identical to that observed in ELMing discharges.

R.J. GROEBNER; D.R. BAKER; J.A. BOEDO; K.H. BURRELL; T.N. CARLSTROM; R.D. DERANIAN; E.J. DOYLE; J.R. FERRON; P. GOHIL; G.R. MOYER; C.L. RETTIG; T.L. RHODES; D.M. THOMAS; T.H. OSBORNE; W.P. WEST

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Deep Spitzer spectroscopy of the `Flying Saucer' edge-on disk: Large grains beyond 50 AU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present deep Spitzer-IRS low-resolution (lambda/Delta lambda ~ 100) 5-35 micron spectroscopy of the edge-on disk ``the Flying Saucer'' (2MASS J16281370-2431391) in the Ophiuchus molecular cloud. The spectral energy distribution exhibits the characteristic two-peak shape predicted for a circumstellar disk viewed very close to edge-on. The short-wavelength peak is entirely due to photons scattered off the surface of the disk, while the long-wavelength peak is due to thermal emission from the disk itself. The Spitzer spectrum represents the first spectroscopic detection of scattered light out to 15 micron from a bona-fide, isolated edge-on disk around a T Tauri star. The depth and the wavelength of the mid-infrared "valley" of the SED give direct constraints on the size distribution of large grains in the disk. Using a 2D continuum radiative transfer model, we find that a significant amount of 5-10 micron-sized grains is required in the surface layers of the disk at radii of 50-300 AU. The detection of relatively large grains in the upper layers implies that vertical mixing is effective, since grain growth models predict the grains would otherwise settle deep in the disk on short time scales. Additionally, we tentatively detect the 9.66 micron S(3) line of H2 and the 11.2 micron emission feature due to PAHs.

Klaus M. Pontoppidan; Karl R. Stapelfeldt; Geoffrey A. Blake; Ewine F. van Dishoeck; Cornelis P. Dullemond

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

451

Deep Spitzer spectroscopy of the `Flying Saucer' edge-on disk: Large grains beyond 50 AU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present deep Spitzer-IRS low-resolution (lambda/Delta lambda ~ 100) 5-35 micron spectroscopy of the edge-on disk ``the Flying Saucer'' (2MASS J16281370-2431391) in the Ophiuchus molecular cloud. The spectral energy distribution exhibits the characteristic two-peak shape predicted for a circumstellar disk viewed very close to edge-on. The short-wavelength peak is entirely due to photons scattered off the surface of the disk, while the long-wavelength peak is due to thermal emission from the disk itself. The Spitzer spectrum represents the first spectroscopic detection of scattered light out to 15 micron from a bona-fide, isolated edge-on disk around a T Tauri star. The depth and the wavelength of the mid-infrared "valley" of the SED give direct constraints on the size distribution of large grains in the disk. Using a 2D continuum radiative transfer model, we find that a significant amount of 5-10 micron-sized grains is required in the surface layers of the disk at radii of 50-300 AU. The detection of relati...

Pontoppidan, K M; Blake, G A; Van Dishoeck, E F; Dullemond, C P; Pontoppidan, Klaus M.; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Blake, Geoffrey A.; Dishoeck, Ewine F. van; Dullemond, Cornelis P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Magnetic K-edge absorption in 3d elements and its relation to local magnetic structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a selection of circular magnetic x-ray dichroism (CMXD) measurements at the K edges of Fe, Ni, Co, and Mn in various alloys and compounds. We investigate the correlation between the measured spin-dependent absorption signal and the p-like spin polarization of the unoccupied bands at the Fermi level. In the case of Fe we find a direct correlation of the spin-dependent absorption profile to the p-like spin polarizations. This is discussed for various alloys. The measured CMXD signals are compared with theoretical calculations for the absorption spectra. For Fe and Ni we have performed spin-polarized relativistic Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Greens function calculations, which give a parameter-free description of the spin-dependent absorption process. The content of information in the experimental CMXD spectra on the local magnetic p and d moments is discussed in comparison with the calculated changes of the p and d moments. In the case of the Co and Ni K edges we find a direct correlation of the average strength of the spin-dependent absorption signal to the p moment. For Co also a direct correlation to the d moment is indicated. At Fe K edges no proportionality of any features of the spin-dependent absorption profile to p or d moments have been found.

S. Sthler, G. Schtz, and H. Ebert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A boundary element solution for a mode conversion study on the edge reflection of Lamb waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The boundary element method well known for bulk wave scattering is extended to study the mode conversion phenomena of Lamb waves from a free edge. The elastodynamic interior boundary value problem is formulated as a hybrid boundary integralequation in conjunction with the normal mode expansion technique based on the Lamb wave dispersion equation. The present approach has the potential of easily handling the geometrical complexity of general guided wave scattering with improved computational efficiency due to the advantage of the boundary?type integral method. To check the accuracy of the boundary element program vertical shear wave diffraction due to a circular hole is solved and compared with previous analytical solutions. Edge reflection factors for the multibackscattered modes in a steel plate are satisfied quite well with the principle of energy conservation. In the cases of A0 A1 and S0 incidence the variations of the multireflection factors show similar tendencies to the existing results for glass. It is observed that the reflection of an incident wave becomes close to zero over a certain frequency range seen through energy interaction with other reflected modes and increases again beyond this minimum point due to reverse mode conversion. The reflections of the higher symmetric incident modes S1 and S2 are also investigated. It turns out that S1 mode is an unusual mode which is nearly unaffected by the mode conversion in the Lamb wave edge reflection.

Younho Cho; Joseph L. Rose

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

ClearEdge Power formerly Quantum Leap Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClearEdge Power formerly Quantum Leap Technology ClearEdge Power formerly Quantum Leap Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name ClearEdge Power (formerly Quantum Leap Technology) Place Hillsboro, Oregon Zip 97124 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Develops small scale (~2.0kW) hydrogen fuel cells using silicon wafers. Coordinates 43.651735°, -90.341144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.651735,"lon":-90.341144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

455

Multiple-scattering calculations of the uranium {ital L}{sub 3}-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical study of the uranium {ital L}{sub 3}-edge x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) is presented for several uranium compounds, including oxides, intermetallics, uranyl fluoride, and {alpha}-uranium. Calculations were performed using FEFF6, an {ital ab} {ital initio} multiple-scattering (MS) code that includes the most important features of current theories. The results, which account for both the fine structure {chi} and the atomiclike background {mu}{sub 0} of the absorption coefficient {mu}, are compared to new and previously measured experimental spectra, reavealing very good agreement for most systems. For several compounds, a more detailed theoretical analysis determined the influence of cluster size and scattering order upon the calculated spectra. Results indicate that MS paths and scattering paths that include rather distant atoms make significant contributions for UO{sub 2}, whereas XANES for crystals with lower symmetry and density can be modeled using only shorter single-scattering paths. In most cases, assumption of a screened final state in the calculation gives better agreement with experiment than use of an unscreened final state. The successful modeling of spectra for a variety of different uranium compounds, with differing spectral features, indicates that the semirelativistic treatment of XANES used here is adequate even for heavy elements. The well-known resonance, observed experimentally for uranyl (UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}) compounds {approx}15 eV above the white line, is successfully modeled here for the first time, using multiple-scattering paths within the O-U-O axial bonds. Overlapping muffin-tin spheres were required in the calculation, probably as a result of the short uranyl axial bonds.

Hudson, E.A. [Glenn T. Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Glenn T. Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Rehr, J.J. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Bucher, J.J. [Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci-sion support when drilling oil wells. Decisions are sup-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci- sion support when drilling oil wells developed DrillEdge to reduce the cost and decrease the probability of fail- ures in oil well drilling. Currently, DrillEdge continuously mon- itors around 30 oil well drilling operations in parallel for sever

Aamodt, Agnar

457

Continuous-wave electrically pumped 1.55-mu m edge-emitting platelet ridge laser diodes on silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the successful integration on silicon of small footprint, low-threshold electrically pumped edge-emitting lasers by a new approach incorporating microcleaving technology to produce 6-mum-thick platelet lasers ...

Rumpler, Joseph J.

458

Design of a finite impulse response filter for the purpose of directional edge detection via spatial domain convolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research was to design a spatial domain convolution filter capable of directional edge detection which has a specific relationship to a pre-defined filter in the frequency domain. Nobody has designed a directional filter...

Yeary, Mark Bradley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

Physics and application of impurity plume dispersal as an edge plasma flow diagnostic on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unique system has been developed for studying impurity transport in the edge plasma of Alcator C-Mod. Impurity gas (which for these experiments is deuterated ethylene, C?D?) is injected locally into the scrape-off layer ...

Gangadhara, Sanjay, 1972-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

PISCES Program: Plasma-materials interactions and edge-plasma physics research. Progress report, 1991--1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program investigates and characterizes the behavior of materials under plasma bombordment, in divertor regions. The PISCES facility is used to study divertor and plasma edge management concepts (in particular gas target divertors), as well as edge plasma turbulence and transport. The plasma source consists of a hot LaB{sub 6} cathode with an annular, water-cooled anode and attached drift tube. This cross sectional area of the plasma can be adjusted between 3 and 10 cm. A fast scanning diagnostic probe system was used for mapping plasma density profiles during biased limiter and divertor simulation experiments. Some experimental data are given on: (1) materials and surface physics, (2) edge plasma physics, and (3) a theoretical analysis of edge plasma modelling.

Conn, R.W.; Hirooka, Y.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trailing edge curvatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

Zhang, Guangyu

462

Influence of the Edge Plasma Profile and Parameters on the Coupling of an ICRH Antenna. Application to ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coupling to the fast wave of an ICRH antenna is principally determined by its distance to an optimum plasma density correlated to the cutoff one and by the density gradient between this optimum density and the bulk plasma. This explains the differences in coupling for the various heating and current drive phasings as predicted for different plasma edge profiles considered for ITER. For a given electron density edge profile the ion mix, the steady magnetic field and the frequency have also a significant effect on the coupling performances. These quantities affect the coupling mainly by influencing the position of the optimum density in the profile. A marked perturbation of the coupling leading to a large edge power deposition can occur when the Alfven resonance lies in the edge profile. The results are applied to different ICRF scenarios considered for ITER at full and half toroidal field.

Messiaen, A.; Koch, R.; Weynants, R. [LPP-ERM/KMS, EURATOM-Belgian State Association, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Brussels (Belgium)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

Negative-U centers as a basis of topological edge channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the findings of the studies of the silicon sandwich nanostructure that represents the high mobility ultranarrow silicon quantum well of the p-type (Si-QW), 2 nm, confined by the ?-barriers, 3 nm, heavily doped with boron on the n-type Si (100) surface. The ESR studies show that nanostructured ?-barriers confining the Si-QW consist predominantly of the dipole negative-U centers of boron, which are caused by the reconstruction of the shallow boron acceptors along the <111> crystallographic axis, 2B{sup 0}?B{sup +}+B{sup ?}. The electrically ordered chains of dipole negative-U centers of boron in the ?-barriers appear to give rise to the topological edge states separated vertically, because the value of the longitudinal, G{sub xx}?=?4e{sup 2}/h, and transversal, G{sub xy}?=?e{sup 2}/h, conductance measured at extremely low drain-source current indicates the exhibition of the Quantum Spin Hall effect. Besides, the Aharonov-Casher conductance oscillations and the 0.7?(2e{sup 2}/h)-feature obtained are evidence of the interplay of the spontaneous spin polarisation and the Rashba spin-orbit interaction that is attributable to the formation of the topological edge channels. We discuss the phenomenological model of the topological edge channel which can demonstrate the ballistic, Aharonov-Chasher effect or Josephson junction behaviour in dependence on the disorder in the distribution of the negative-U dipole centers in the upper and down d-barriers.

Bagraev, Nikolay; Danilovskii, Eduard; Klyachkin, Leonid; Kudryavtsev, Andrey; Malyarenko, Anna [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, Polytekhnicheskaya 26, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Gehlhoff, Wolfgang [Technische Universitaet Berlin, D-10623, Berlin (Germany); Mashkov, Vladimir [St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Polytekhnicheskaya 29, 195251 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

464

DEEP CHANDRA OBSERVATIONS OF EDGES AND BUBBLES IN THE NGC 5846 GALAXY GROUP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a combined 120 ks Chandra exposure to analyze X-ray edges produced by non-hydrostatic gas motions (sloshing) from galaxy collisions, and cavities formed by active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity. Evidence for gas sloshing is seen in the spiral morphology and multiple cold front edges in NGC 5846's X-ray surface brightness distribution, while the lack of spiral structure in the temperature map suggests that the perturbing interaction was not in the plane of the sky. Density and spectral modeling across the edges indicate that the relative motion of gas in the cold fronts is at most transonic. Evidence for AGN activity is seen in two inner bubbles at 0.6 kpc, filled with 5 GHz and 1.5 GHz radio plasma and coincident with H{alpha} emission, and in a ghost bubble at 5.2 kpc west of NGC 5846's nucleus. The outburst energy and ages for the inner (ghost) bubbles are {approx}10{sup 55} erg and {approx}2 Myr ({approx}5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 55} erg and 12 Myr), respectively, implying an AGN duty cycle of 10 Myr. The inner bubble rims are threaded with nine knots, whose total 0.5-2 keV X-ray luminosity is 0.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 40} erg s{sup -1}, a factor {approx}2-3 less than that of the surrounding rims, and 0.7 keV mean temperature is indistinguishable from that of the rims. We suggest that the knots may be transient clouds heated by the recent passage of a shock from the last AGN outburst. We also observe gas stripping from a cE galaxy, NGC 5846A, in a 0.5 kpc long ({approx}10{sup 5} M{sub Sun }) hot gas tail, as it falls toward NGC 5846.

Machacek, Marie E.; Jerius, Diab; Kraft, Ralph; Forman, William R.; Jones, Christine; Randall, Scott [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Giacintucci, Simona [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Sun Ming, E-mail: mmachacek@cfa.harvard.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22901 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

465

Interacting particle systems at the edge of multilevel Dyson Brownian motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the joint asymptotic behavior of spacings between particles at the edge of multilevel Dyson Brownian motions, when the number of levels tends to infinity. Despite the global interactions between particles in multilevel Dyson Brownian motions, we observe a decoupling phenomenon in the limit: the global interactions become negligible and only the local interactions remain. The resulting limiting objects are interacting particle systems which can be described as Brownian versions of certain totally asymmetric exclusion processes. This is the first appearance of a particle system with local interactions in the context of general $\\beta$ random matrix models.

Vadim Gorin; Mykhaylo Shkolnikov

2014-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

Final Report for the "Fusion Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations (FACETS)"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FACETS project over its lifetime developed the first self-consistent core-edge coupled capabilities, a new transport solver for modeling core transport in tokamak cores, developed a new code for modeling wall physics over long time scales, and significantly improved the capabilities and performance of legacy components, UEDGE, NUBEAM, GLF23, GYRO, and BOUT++. These improved capabilities leveraged the teams expertise in applied mathematics (solvers and algorithms) and computer science (performance improvements and language interoperability). The project pioneered new methods for tackling the complexity of simulating the concomitant complexity of tokamak experiments.

Cary, John R; Kruger, Scott

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

467

Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How vegetation recovers from disturbances is an important question for land managers. We examined 500 m2 plots to determine the progress made by native herbaceous plant species in colonizing the edges of abandoned cultivated fields at different elevations and microclimates, but with similar soils in a big sagebrush/bluebunch wheatgrass steppe. Alien species, especially cheatgrass and cereal rye, were the major competitors to the natives. The native species with best potential for restoring steppe habitats were sulphur lupine, hawksbeard, bottlebrush squirreltail, needle-and-thread grass, Sandberg's bluegrass, and several lomatiums.

Simmons, Sally A. (OFFICE OF FELLOWSHIP PROG); Rickard, William H. (OFFICE OF FELLOWSHIP PROG)

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The stress field around two parallel edge cracks in a finite body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the application of the Schwarz alternating method in conjunction with complex mapping techniques for modelling the stress fields around two arbitrarily oriented cracks in an infinite body (see Fig. 1. 4). M P 0. 83W I. 83W Again 19. Isolated, Single...-Ended Crack Located in a Finite Body. " Zo r A I I 0 I Figure IA. Two Aibitnuily Oiiented Conchs Located in an Infinite Body. t CHAFIXR II FULL-FIELD REPRESENTATION OF THE STRESS FIELD SURROUNDING TWO EDGE CRACKS OVERVIEW OF THE METHODOLOGY USED...

Hardin, Patrick Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

Asymmetric radiative equilibria in tokamak edge and the detached plasma transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nonlinear saturated state of the radiative thermal-condensation instability responsible for the phenomenon of multifaceted asymmetric radiation observed in tokamak edge plasmas has been investigated. The essential problem to study two-dimensional thermal equilibria where perpendicular and parallel heat conduction balances the radiated power and heat flux to the limiter. In certain reasonable limits, the nonlinear Poissons equation can be solved exactly to display many features of the observed detached plasma transition. Numerical results taking realistic temperature dependences for thermal-conductivity coefficients and a common coronal radiation model are also presented.

P. K. Kaw, S. Deshpande, K. Avinash, and S. Rath

1990-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

470

Virtual edge illumination and one dimensional beam tracking for absorption, refraction, and scattering retrieval  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose two different approaches to retrieve x-ray absorption, refraction, and scattering signals using a one dimensional scan and a high resolution detector. The first method can be easily implemented in existing procedures developed for edge illumination to retrieve absorption and refraction signals, giving comparable image quality while reducing exposure time and delivered dose. The second method tracks the variations of the beam intensity profile on the detector through a multi-Gaussian interpolation, allowing the additional retrieval of the scattering signal.

Vittoria, Fabio A., E-mail: fabio.vittoria.12@ucl.ac.uk; Diemoz, Paul C. [Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, Malet Place, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Research Complex at Harwell, Harwell Oxford Campus, OX11 0FA Didcot (United Kingdom); Endrizzi, Marco; Olivo, Alessandro [Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, Malet Place, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Wagner, Ulrich H.; Rau, Christoph [Diamond Light Source, Harwell Oxford Campus, OX11 0DE Didcot (United Kingdom); Robinson, Ian K. [Research Complex at Harwell, Harwell Oxford Campus, OX11 0FA Didcot (United Kingdom); London Centre for Nanotechnology, WC1H 0AH London (United Kingdom)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Comparison of theoretical and experimental heat diffusivities in the DIII-D edge plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predictions of theoretical models for ion and electron heat diffusivity have been compared against experimentally inferred values of the heat diffusivity profile in the edge plasma of two H-modes and one L-mode discharge in DIII-D [J. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)]. Various widely used theoretical models based on neoclassical, ion temperature gradient modes, drift Alfven modes and radiative thermal instability modes for ion transport, and based on paleoclassical, electron temperature gradient modes, trapped electron modes, and drift resistive ballooning modes for electron transport were investigated.

Stacey, W. M. [Fusion Research Center, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Elevating optical activity: Efficient on-edge lithography of three-dimensional starfish metamaterial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an approach for extremely fast, wafer-scale fabrication of chiral starfish metamaterials based on electron beam- and on-edge lithography. A millimeter sized array of both the planar chiral and the true 3D chiral starfish is realized, and their chiroptical performances are compared by circular dichroism measurements. We find optical activity in the visible and near-infrared spectral range, where the 3D starfish clearly outperforms the planar design by almost 2 orders of magnitude, though fabrication efforts are only moderately increased. The presented approach is capable of bridging the gap between high performance optical chiral metamaterials and industrial production by nanoimprint technology.

Dietrich, K., E-mail: dietrich.kay@uni-jena.de; Menzel, C.; Lehr, D.; Puffky, O.; Pertsch, T.; Tnnermann, A.; Kley, E.-B. [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Hbner, U. [Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Strae 9, 07745 Jena (Germany)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

473

Tunneling in all-high-Tc edge junctions with deposited barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All-high-Tc-material edge junctions consisting of laser-ablated Y-Ba-Cu-O electrodes and an in situ rf-sputter-deposited MgO barrier have been fabricated whose I-V characteristics show tunneling-related effects. These include a junction resistance with an exponential dependence on the nominal-barrier thickness, gaplike structure observed in the conductance curves, and Josephson effects. These properties are very sensitive to the choice of materials-processsing method for the junction interfaces.

R. B. Laibowitz, R. P. Robertazzi, R. H. Koch, A. Kleinsasser, J. R. Kirtley, J. M. Viggiano, R. L. Sandstrom, and W. J. Gallagher

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

DIII-D Edge Plasma, Disruptions, and Radiative Processes. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scientific goal of the UCSD-DIII-D Collaboration during this period was to understand the coupling of the core plasma to the plasma-facing components through the plasma boundary (edge and scrape-off layer). To achieve this goal, UCSD scientists studied the transport of particles, momentum, energy, and radiation from the plasma core to the plasma-facing components under normal (e.g., L-mode, H-mode, and ELMs), and off-normal (e.g., disruptions) operating conditions.

Boedo, J. A.; Luckhardt, S.C.; Moyer, R. A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Acquisition and reconstruction of brain tissue using knife-edge scanning microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. As the sample passes under an individual photon receptor, the light intensity value is summed and passed to the next register. The final output pixel is the sum of the light intensity received by all TDI registers for a single sampled point... wide line is imaged along the leading edge of the knife. Our primary camera of choice is a DALSA CT-F3 High- Speed TDI Line Scan Camera. In order to get a high sensitivity at the speed at which we want to cut, the monochrome camera uses Time Delay...

Mayerich, David Matthew

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

476

Observation of audio-frequency edge magnetoplasmons in the classical two-dimensional electron gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric admittance of a two-dimensional electron gas on liquid helium measured at audio frequencies ? is observed to oscillate as a function of magnetic field at strong magnetic fields. The oscillations can be attributed to the propagation of very-low-frequency (???10-6, ? scattering time; ?/?c?10-8, ?c cyclotron frequency) edge magnetoplasmons. The directly determined dispersion relation agrees with theory and quantitatively with measurements in the collisionless regime (???1). The attenuation, theoretically obtained by incorporating the screening in a simple local-capacitance model, agrees well with experiments.

P. J. M. Peters; M. J. Lea; A. M. L. Janssen; A. O. Stone; W. P. N. M. Jacobs; P. Fozooni; R. W. van der Heijden

1991-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

477

Foreign object damage on the leading edge of gas turbine blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The severe damages to the leading edge of aircraft blades occur when millimeter-sized particles such as sands, gravels or even the pieces of the engine components impact those of blades, which is called hard body impact or foreign object damage. This damage produces the geometry discontinuity such as the notch on the blades which becomes the site for fatigue crack initiation. FOD on the leading edge of the turbine blade is done by using the finite element method in this paper. Experimental stress analysis is performed for investigating the stress concentration factor at the crater base and is compared with the data from the finite element and the analytical method. The comparison shows that the finite element method results agree well with the experimental and analytical data at the crater base. Then the residual stress along the largest blade length is obtained for the potential crack initiating regions, and at the end, the analysis focuses on the comparison between the quasi-static indentation and fully dynamic impact for three critical locations where the tensile residual stresses cause crack initiation.

Seyed Masoud Marandi; Kh. Rahmani; Mehdi Tajdari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Clean Nanotube Unzipping by Abrupt Thermal Expansion of Molecular Nitrogen: Graphene Nanoribbons with Atomically Smooth Edges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a novel physicochemical route to produce highly crystalline nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbons. The technique consists of an abrupt N2 gas expansion within the hollow core of nitrogen-doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNx-MWNTs) when exposed to a fast thermal shock. The multiwalled nanotube unzipping mechanism is rationalized using molecular dynamics and density functional theory simulations, which highlight the importance of open-ended nanotubes in promoting the efficient introduction of N2 molecules by capillary action within tubes and surface defects, thus triggering an efficient and atomically smooth unzipping. The so-produced nanoribbons could be few-layered (from graphene bilayer onward) and could exhibit both crystalline zigzag and armchair edges. In contrast to methods developed previously, our technique presents various advantages: (1) the tubes are not heavily oxidized; (2) the method yields sharp atomic edges within the resulting nanoribbons; (3) the technique could be scaled up for the bulk production of crystalline nanoribbons from available MWNT sources; and (4) this route could eventually be used to unzip other types of carbon nanotubes or intercalated layered materials such as BN, MoS2, WS2, etc.

Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Meunier, Vincent [ORNL; Terrones, M. [Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Endo, M [Shinshu University; Munoz-Sandoval, Emilio [IPICyT; Kim, Y A [Shinshu University; Morelos-Bomez, Aaron [Shinshu University; Vega-Diaz, Sofia [Shinshu University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

MRI and CT image indexing and retrieval using local mesh peak valley edge patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a new pattern based feature, local mesh peak valley edge pattern (LMePVEP) is proposed for biomedical image indexing and retrieval. The standard LBP extracts the gray scale relationship between the center pixel and its surrounding neighbors in an image. Whereas the proposed method extracts the gray scale relationship among the neighbors for a given center pixel in an image. The relations among the neighbors are peak/valley edges which are obtained by performing the first-order derivative. The performance of the proposed method (LMePVEP) is tested by conducting two experiments on two benchmark biomedical databases. Further, it is mentioned that the databases used for experiments are OASIS?MRI database which is the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) database and VIA/IELCAP-CT database which includes region of interest computer tomography (CT) images. The results after being investigated show a significant improvement in terms average retrieval precision (ARP) and average retrieval rate (ARR) as compared to LBP and LBP variant features.

Subrahmanyam Murala; Q.M. Jonathan Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

TWO-DIMENSIONAL KINEMATICS OF THE EDGE-ON SPIRAL GALAXY ESO 379-006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a kinematical study of the nearly edge-on galaxy ESO 379-006 that shows the existence of extraplanar ionized gas. With Fabry-Perot spectroscopy at H{alpha}, we study the kinematics of ESO 379-006 using velocity maps and position-velocity diagrams parallel to the major and to the minor axis of the galaxy. We build the rotation curve of the disk and discuss the role of projection effects due to the fact of viewing this galaxy nearly edge-on. The twisting of the isovelocities in the radial velocity field of the disk of ESO 379-006 as well as the kinematical asymmetries found in some position-velocity diagrams parallel to the minor axis of the galaxy suggest the existence of deviations to circular motions in the disk that can be modeled and explained with the inclusion of a radial inflow probably generated by a bar or by spiral arms. We succeeded in detecting extraplanar diffuse ionized gas in this galaxy. At the same time, from the analysis of position-velocity diagrams, we found some evidence that the extraplanar gas could lag in rotation velocity with respect to the midplane rotation.

Rosado, M.; Gabbasov, R. F.; Repetto, P.; Martos, M. [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-264, CP 04510 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Fuentes-Carrera, I. [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, U. P. Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Zacatenco, 07730 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Amram, P.; Hernandez, O. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Aix-Marseille University (France); CNRS, 38 rue Frederic Joliot-Curie, 13338 Marseille Cedex 13 (France)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Spatial localization of resistive drift wave structure in tokamak edge plasmas with an embedded magnetic island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive drift wave instability is investigated numerically in tokamak edge plasma confined by sheared slab magnetic field geometry with an embedded magnetic island. The focus is on the structural characteristics of eigenmode inside the island, where the density profile tends to be flattened. A transition of the dominant eigenmode occurs around a critical island width w{sub c}. For thin islands with a width below w{sub c}, two global long wavelength eigenmodes with approximately the same growth rate but different eigenfrequency are excited, which are stabilized by the magnetic island through two-dimensional mode coupling in both x and y (corresponding to radial and poloidal in tokamak) directions. On the other hand, a short wavelength eigenmode, which is destabilized by thick islands with a width above w{sub c}, dominates the edge fluctuation, showing a prominent structural localization in the region between the X-point and the O-point of the magnetic island. The main destabilization mechanism is identified as the mode coupling in the y direction, which is similar to the so-called toroidal coupling in tokamak plasmas. These three eigenmodes may coexist in the drift wave fluctuation for the island with a width around w{sub c}. It is demonstrated that the structural localization results mainly from the quasilinear flattening of density profile inside the magnetic island.

Hu, Shilin; Qu, Hongpeng [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Sichuan, Chengdu 610041 (China); Li, Jiquan, E-mail: lijq@energy.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Kishimoto, Y. [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Autoignited laminar lifted flames of propane in coflow jets with tribrachial edge and mild combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characteristics of laminar lifted flames have been investigated experimentally by varying the initial temperature of coflow air over 800 K in the non-premixed jets of propane diluted with nitrogen. The result showed that the lifted flame with the initial temperature below 860 K maintained the typical tribrachial structure at the leading edge, which was stabilized by the balance mechanism between the propagation speed of tribrachial flame and the local flow velocity. For the temperature above 860 K, the flame was autoignited without having any external ignition source. The autoignited lifted flames were categorized in two regimes. In the case with tribrachial edge structure, the liftoff height increased nonlinearly with jet velocity. Especially, for the critical condition near blowout, the lifted flame showed a repetitive behavior of extinction and reignition. In such a case, the autoignition was controlled by the non-adiabatic ignition delay time considering heat loss such that the autoignition height was correlated with the square of the adiabatic ignition delay time. In the case with mild combustion regime at excessively diluted conditions, the liftoff height increased linearly with jet velocity and was correlated well with the square of the adiabatic ignition delay time. (author)

Choi, B.C.; Kim, K.N.; Chung, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

FLOWS AT THE EDGE OF AN ACTIVE REGION: OBSERVATION AND INTERPRETATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Upflows observed at the edges of active regions have been proposed as the source of the slow solar wind. In the particular case of Active Region (AR) 10942, where such an upflow has been already observed, we want to evaluate the part of this upflow that actually remains confined in the magnetic loops that connect AR 10942 to AR 10943. Both active regions were visible simultaneously on the solar disk and were observed by STEREO/SECCHI EUVI. Using Hinode/EIS spectra, we determine the Doppler shifts and densities in AR 10943 and AR 10942 in order to evaluate the mass flows. We also perform magnetic field extrapolations to assess the connectivity between AR 10942 and AR 10943. AR 10943 displays a persistent downflow in Fe XII. Magnetic extrapolations including both ARs show that this downflow can be connected to the upflow in AR 10942. We estimate that the mass flow received by AR 10943 areas connected to AR 10942 represents about 18% of the mass flow from AR 10942. We conclude that the upflows observed on the edge of active regions represent either large-scale loops with mass flowing along them (accounting for about one-fifth of the total mass flow in this example) or open magnetic field structures where the slow solar wind originates.

Boutry, C.; Buchlin, E.; Vial, J.-C. [Universite Paris Sud, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, UMR8617, 91405 Orsay (France); Regnier, S., E-mail: eric.buchlin@ias.u-psud.fr [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

484

Observations of giant recombination edges on the Princeton Large Torus tokamak induced by particle transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we report on the observation of characteristic "steps" in the continuum spectrum of high-temperature tokamak plasmas associated with recombination radiation from impurity ions. During special argon-seeded discharges on the Princeton Large Torus tokamak the x-ray spectrum exhibited large enhancements over the bremsstrahlung continuum beginning with energies of 4.1 keV. This corresponds to the radiative capture of free electrons by hydrogenlike argon into the ground state of heliumlike argon. The size of these edges increased to unexpectedly large values with minor radius (decreasing electron temperature), consistent with a departure of the hydrogenlike species from the predictions of corona equilibrium. Hence, the coronal equilibrium equations must be modified to account for the radial transport of argon. A simple particle diffusion model is proposed, with the Ar XVIII radial profiles evaluated from the size of the recombination edges. For the case of moderate density (?ne??31013 cm-3) and temperature (Te(0)?1.5 keV) discharges the outward radial transport velocity is found to be approximately 10 m/sec.

K. Brau; S. von Goeler; M. Bitter; R. D. Cowan; D. Eames; K. Hill; N. Sauthoff; E. Silver; W. Stodiek

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Design and field test results from the SMART Rotor project, a wind turbine rotor with integrated trailing-edge flaps designed for active control of the rotor aerodynamics.

486

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Data analysis and conclusions from the SMART Rotor project, a wind turbine rotor with integrated trailing-edge flaps designed for active control of the rotor aerodynamics.

487

Nonlinear Simulations of Peeling-Ballooning Modes with Anomalous Electron Viscosity and their Role in Edge Localized Mode Crashes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A minimum set of equations based on the peeling-ballooning (P-B) model with nonideal physics effects (diamagnetic drift, ExB drift, resistivity, and anomalous electron viscosity) is found to simulate pedestal collapse when using the new BOUT++ simulation code, developed in part from the original fluid edge code BOUT. Nonlinear simulations of P-B modes demonstrate that the P-B modes trigger magnetic reconnection, which leads to the pedestal collapse. With the addition of a model of the anomalous electron viscosity under the assumption that the electron viscosity is comparable to the anomalous electron thermal diffusivity, it is found from simulations using a realistic high-Lundquist number that the pedestal collapse is limited to the edge region and the edge localized mode (ELM) size is about 5%-10% of the pedestal stored energy. This is consistent with many observations of large ELMs.

Xu, X. Q.; Umansky, M. V. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Dudson, B.; Wilson, H. [University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Snyder, P. B. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186 (United States)

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

488

Theoretical Fe L2,3- and K-edge x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra of free iron clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fully relativistic ab initio theoretical scheme is employed for investigating L2,3- and K-edge x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectra of free Fe clusters of 989 atoms. The L2,3-edge spectra of clusters differ from spectra of bulk only quantitatively; a higher degree of localization of the d electrons in clusters is reflected through a higher intensity of the main XANES and XMCD peaks at the absorption edge. The K-edge XANES and XMCD spectra of clusters, on the other hand, differ from their bulk counterparts more significantly, even for the largest clusters investigated within our study. Several features, which could serve as spectroscopic markers of the difference between the clusters and bulk, were identified in both the L2,3- and K-edge spectra. Contracting the bond lengths in clusters changes XMCD spectra only quantitatively.

Ond?ej ipr and Hubert Ebert

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

489

Aerothermal Effects of Interfacial Leakage and Film Cooling Schemes with Endwall and Leading Edge Contouring  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aerothermal Effects of Interfacial Aerothermal Effects of Interfacial Leakage and Film Cooling Schemes with Endwall and Leading Edge Contouring T.W. Simon and R. J. Goldstein Principal Investigators SCIES Project U/02-01-SR096/DOE PR DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-FC26-02NT41431 Tom J. George, Program Manger, DOE/NETL Richard Wenglarz, Manager of Research, SCIES Project Awarded (5/1/2002, 36 months) $459,007 Total Contract Value ($430,619 DOE) Gas Turbine Technology Needs and Project Objectives * Improved performance and reliability - More effective cooling of turbine first stage passage * Improve schemes for injection of endwall coolant * Realize cooling benefits of leakage flows * Understand effects of component misalignment - Reduced secondary flows * Improve with endwall axial contouring and airfoil/endwall fillets

490

Solar Decathlon 2009 Highlights of Team Innovations and Cutting-Edge Building Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 Solar Decathlon 2009 Highlights of Team Innovations and Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Cornell University * The house is built around a centralized core with all engineering systems in the mechanical / electrical closet at the center of the house. * The electrical energy is produced using 40 solar panels yielding 8kW nominally. * Thermal energy is collected by a system of 30 Silicon Solar SunMaxx U-30 evacuated tube collectors mounted on the south sides of two cylinders; this is the house's primary means of generating heat. * Exterior of house is CorTen corrugated steel. Copper pipes running behind the corrugations are heated by conduction, which then heats water as it passes in proximity to fill the hot water tank. This system

491

Cells Forming Blood Vessels Send Their Copper to the Edge | Advanced Photon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Molecular Cause for One Form of Deafness A Molecular Cause for One Form of Deafness Water Theory is Watertight Nanowire Micronetworks from Carbon-Black Nanoparticles A Key Step in Repairing DNA Double-Strand Breaks An X-ray Rainbow Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Cells Forming Blood Vessels Send Their Copper to the Edge FEBRUARY 20, 2007 Bookmark and Share Areas at the tips of HMVEC filopodia extensions were scanned by XFM at high resolution. The optical image is shown to the right and metal maps are shown to the left. False color images of P, Cu, and Zn are shown in the red, green and blue images respectively, and their overlay is shown to the lower right, demonstrating a transfer of cellular copper across the cell

492

NETL: News Release - Energy Department Adds More Cutting-Edge Projects to  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 3, 2001 October 3, 2001 Energy Department Adds More Cutting-Edge Projects to Improve Tomorrow's Gas Pipelines MORGANTOWN, WV - Every day in the United States an average of 55 billion cubic feet of natural gas moves through more than1.2 million miles of underground pipe and thousands of compressor stations to virtually every home and nearly 5 million businesses across the country. For the most part, this flow of natural gas is uneventful - in fact, America's pipeline system is unequaled in its efficiency and safety. But the current gas infrastructure is aging and leaks or breakages can occur. Moreover, as the Nation's consumption of natural gas increases, at least 300,000 miles of new distribution and transmission pipelines will have to be built by 2015.

493

Optimizing Transition Edge Sensors for High?Resolution X?ray Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transition Edge Sensors (TES) have found applications as astronomical detectors ranging from the microwave to the gamma ray energy bands. Each energy band however imposes a different set of requirements on the TES such as energy and timing resolution focal plane coverage and the mechanisms by which the signal is coupled to the detector. This paper focuses on the development of TESs optimized for the 0.110 keV energy range at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Such detectors are suitable candidates for some of the upcoming X?ray observatories such as NeXT and Constellation?X. Ongoing efforts at producing characterizing and modeling such devices as well as the latest results are discussed.

Tarek Saab; Simon R. Bandler; Kevin Boyce; James A. Chervenak; Enectali Figueroa?Feliciano; Naoko Iyomoto; Richard L. Kelley; Caroline A. Kilbourne; Frederick S. Porter; John E. Sadleir

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Optimizing Transition Edge Sensors for High-Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transition Edge Sensors (TES) have found applications as astronomical detectors ranging from the microwave to the gamma ray energy bands. Each energy band, however, imposes a different set of requirements on the TES such as energy and timing resolution, focal plane coverage, and the mechanisms by which the signal is coupled to the detector. This paper focuses on the development of TESs optimized for the 0.1-10 keV energy range at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Such detectors are suitable candidates for some of the upcoming X-ray observatories such as NeXT and Constellation-X. Ongoing efforts at producing, characterizing, and modeling such devices, as well as the latest results, are discussed.

Saab, Tarek [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Bandler, Simon R.; Boyce, Kevin; Chervenak, James A.; Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali; Iyomoto, Naoko; Kelley, Richard L.; Kilbourne, Caroline A.; Porter, Frederick S.; Sadleir, John E

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

Distinguishing Cause from Correlation in Tokamak Experiments to Trigger Edge Localised Plasma Instabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generic question is considered: How can we determine the probability of an otherwise quasirandom event, having been triggered by an external influence? A specific problem is the quantification of the success of techniques to trigger, and hence control, edge-localised plasma instabilities (ELMs) in magnetically confined fusion (MCF) experiments. The development of such techniques is essential to ensure tolerable heat loads on components in large MCF fusion devices, and is necessary for their development into economically successful power plants. Bayesian probability theory is used to rigorously formulate the problem and to provide a formal solution. Accurate but pragmatic methods are developed to estimate triggering probabilities, and are illustrated with experimental data. These allow results from experiments to be quantitatively assessed, and rigorously quantified conclusions to be formed.

Webster, A J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Axial Ratio of Edge-On Spiral Galaxies as a Test For Extended Bright Radio Halos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use surface brightness contour maps of nearby edge-on spiral galaxies to determine whether extended bright radio halos are common. In particular, we test a recent model of the spatial structure of the diffuse radio continuum by Subrahmanyan and Cowsik which posits that a substantial fraction of the observed high-latitude surface brightness originates from an extended Galactic halo of uniform emissivity. Measurements of the axial ratio of emission contours within a sample of normal spiral galaxies at 1500 MHz and below show no evidence for such a bright, extended radio halo. Either the Galaxy is atypical compared to nearby quiescent spirals or the bulk of the observed high-latitude emission does not originate from this type of extended halo.

Singal, J; Jones, E; Dunlap, H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Analysis of edge density fluctuation measured by trial KSTAR beam emission spectroscopy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A beam emission spectroscopy (BES) system based on direct imaging avalanche photodiode (APD) camera has been designed for Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) and a trial system has been constructed and installed for evaluating feasibility of the design. The system contains two cameras, one is an APD camera for BES measurement and another is a fast visible camera for position calibration. Two pneumatically actuated mirrors were positioned at front and rear of lens optics. The front mirror can switch the measurement between edge and core region of plasma and the rear mirror can switch between the APD and the visible camera. All systems worked properly and the measured photon flux was reasonable as expected from the simulation. While the measurement data from the trial system were limited, it revealed some interesting characteristics of KSTAR plasma suggesting future research works with fully installed BES system. The analysis result and the development plan will be presented in this paper.

Nam, Y. U. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Zoletnik, S.; Lampert, M. [Wigner RCP Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Budapest (Hungary); Kovacsik, A. [Institute of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest Technical University, Budapest (Hungary)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Anisotropy of the fundamental absorption edge of TlSbS2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated, at pumped-liquid-helium temperature, the near-band-edge optical properties of the ternary layer compound TlSbS2. We resolve first a direct-band-gap exciton. A quantitative analysis of the data allows an accurate determination of the direct-band-gap energy E0=1.907 eV at 2 K. An anisotropic behavior is found, which depends on the direction of polarization of the incident light with respect to the triclinic axes which lie in the plane of the layer. Depending on the polarization, both E0 and the next threshold E1 have strongly different oscillator strengths. These results are discussed in the light of previous results for the monochalcogenide SnS.

P. Rouquette; J. Allegre; B. Gil; J. Camassel; H. Mathieu; A. Ibanez; J. C. Jumas

1986-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

The impact of pedestal turbulence and electron inertia on edge-localized-mode crashes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that the occurrence of Edge-Localized-Modes (ELM) crashes does not depend only on the linear peeling-ballooning threshold, but also relies on nonlinear processes. Wave-wave interaction constrains the growth time of a mode, thus inducing a shift in the criterion for triggering an ELM crash. An ELM crash requires the P-B growth rate to exceed a critical value ?>?{sub c}, where ?{sub c} is set by 1/?{sup }{sub c}, and ?{sup }{sub c} is the averaged mode phase coherence time. For 0

Xi, P. W. [FSC and State Key Lab of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) [FSC and State Key Lab of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Xu, X. Q. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Diamond, P. H. [WCI Center for Fusion Theory, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of) [WCI Center for Fusion Theory, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences and Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0429 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

High-efficiency graphene nanomesh magnets realized by controlling mono-hydrogenation of pore edges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a drastic improvement in the efficiency of rare-element-free graphene nanomesh (GNM) magnets with saturation magnetization values as large as ?10{sup ?4?}emu/mm{sup 2}, which are 10100 times greater than those in previous GNM magnets hydrogenated by only annealing under a hydrogen molecule (H{sub 2}) atmosphere, even at room temperature. This improvement is realized by a significant increase in the area of the mono-H-terminated pore edges by using hydrogen silsesquioxane resist treatment with electron beam irradiation, which can produce mono-H by detaching H-silicon (Si) bonds. This result must open the door for industrial applications of graphene magnets to rare-element-free magnetic and spintronic systems.

Kato, T.; Kamijyo, J.; Kobayashi, T.; Yagi, Y.; Haruyama, J., E-mail: J-haru@ee.aoyama.ac.jp [Faculty of Science and Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1 Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5258 (Japan); Nakamura, T. [Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z