Sample records for trading north america

  1. Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

  2. EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S.ContaminationJulySavannah River Site for Use by the State ofDOEEDF Trading North

  3. North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter NewsletterGeneralof Energy America:

  4. The impact of exchange rates on beef and cattle trade in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristinek, Jennifer Jane

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A long-standing area of debate in agriculture revolves around the impact of exchange rates on prices and trade. The ability to compete worldwide in an import-export market for agricultural products is of critical importance to agriculture...

  5. North America Europe Central &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Matthew

    Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 North America Western Europe Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 #12;2 % of habitat alteration from% of habitat alteration from per capita consumptionper capita consumption #s above bars are m2 per

  6. Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC - 14-003-CIC | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC - 14-003-CIC Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC - 14-003-CIC Amendment of Application to Export LNG to Non-free Trade Agreement...

  7. North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

    1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    , services and investment throughout North America by (1) the full, phased elimination of import tariffs and (2) the elimination or fullest possible reduction of nontariff trade barriers, such as import quotas, licensing schemes, and technical barriers... and tariffs on many U.S. exports were reduced from as much 100 percent to 10 to 20 percent before NAFTA. Lower tar- iffs, coupled with stronger economic growth in Mexico, led to an upsurge in trade. Mexico has become the third largest market for U...

  8. Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC - 14-003-CIC | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    America) Holdings, LLC - 14-003-CIC Amendment of Application to Export LNG to Non-free Trade Agreement Countries to Reflect a Change in Ownership of Pangea LNG (North...

  9. Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC - 14-002-CIC | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    America) Holdings, LLC - 14-002-CIC Amendment of Application to Export LNG to Non-free Trade Agreement Countries to Reflect a Change in Ownership of Pangea LNG (North...

  10. North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Homesource History View

  11. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy 2003 DEER Conference Presentation:...

  12. North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade Olivier CADOT Lausanne University Anne,version1-20Mar2014 #12;1 North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade Anne-Célia Disdier investigate whether the technical requirements contained in North-South Agreements affect international trade

  13. Partnership connects North America NGL markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodenhamer, K. [Mid-America Pipeline Co., Tulsa, OK (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States and Canadian NGL/LPG pipeline network became a larger North America system on April 2, 1997 with the opening of the Rio Grande Pipeline, delivering LPG from the United States to Mexico. This North American pipeline system now links three of the world`s largest LPG producing and consuming nations.

  14. North America Drilling Fluids Market Segment Forecasts up to...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    America and Asia Pacific is steering the market for drilling fluids. Half of the world's oil and gas reserves are present in the U.S. hence North America is entitled as the...

  15. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR PANGEA LNG (NORTH AMERICA) HOLDINGS,...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of America's Natural Gas Alliance 2 Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC - 14-002-CIC (FE Dkt. No. 12-184-LNG New Company Name:...

  16. National Geothermal Association Trade Mission to Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States (US) geothermal industry, the world's most technically proficient, has been unable to achieve penetration into the markets of the developing nations. This report details the findings of an industry Trade Mission to Central America, tasked with determining the reasons for this shortfall and with developing a US industry geothermal export strategy designed to achieve immediate and long-term export benefits.

  17. The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Of Resources And Applications Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of...

  18. analysis north america: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2002 Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: quality as they vary with climate in grass- land ecosystems throughout central North America including tall-grass...

  19. Renewable Energy World Conference and Expo North America

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America will be co-located with Power Generation Week, providing networking opportunities with 20,000+ professionals and key decision makers.

  20. Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC- 14-002-CIC (FE Dkt. No. 12-184-LNG New Company Name: NextDecade Partnerss, LLC)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Amendment of Application to Export LNG to Non-free Trade Agreement Countries to Reflect a Change in Ownership of Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC and a Revision of the Point from which the...

  1. PONDWEEDS AND PONDWEEDLIKE PLANTS OF EASTERN NORTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORTH AMERICA By Neil Hotchkiss , Wildlife Research Biologist Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Division kinds grow farther north and south; a few grow in the fresh and brackish waters of coastal bays, rivers

  2. North America Power Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Home

  3. arctic north america: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the boreal forest; for example, there has been a doubling of the area burned in North America in the past 20 years. The disturbance regime in tundra may not have changed....

  4. Upper tropospheric jet streams over North America during summer 1988

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, David Edward

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UPPER TROPOSPHERIC JET STREAMS OVER NORTH AMERICA DURING SUMMER 1988 A Thesis by DAVID EDWARD LANDERS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfuillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Ma j or Sub j ect: Meteorology UPPER TROPOSPHERIC JET STREAMS OVER NORTH AMERICA SUMMER 1988 A Thesis by DAVID EDWARD LANDERS Approved as to style and Content by: Dusan Djuric (Co-Chairman) James P. McGuirk (Co...

  5. Central Wind Power Forecasting Programs in North America by Regional Transmission Organizations and Electric Utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porter, K.; Rogers, J.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report addresses the implementation of central wind power forecasting by electric utilities and regional transmission organizations in North America.

  6. Internship Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America (PRNA) is one of Philips' six worldwide research laboratories where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    Internship ­ Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America an hour north of New York City. Length of Internship: 3 months Position Responsibilities: · Hands-on work to our area at the start and end of the internship. · If housing is necessary, PRNA supports home

  7. Internship Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America (PRNA) is one of Philips' six worldwide research laboratories where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    Internship ­ Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America an hour north of New York City. Length of Internship: 3 months Position Responsibilities: · Gain knowledge expenses to our area at the start and end of the internship. · If housing is necessary, PRNA supports home

  8. The Geology of North America as Illustrated by Native American Stories by Robert G. McWilliams 1 The Geology of North America as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee Jr., Richard E.

    The Geology of North America as Illustrated by Native American Stories by Robert G. McWilliams 1 The Geology of North America as Illustrated by Native American Stories Robert G. McWilliams Professor Emeritus Department of Geology Miami University Oxford, Ohio 45056 mcwillrg@muohio.edu #12;The Geology of North

  9. Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Aiguo

    . Jones, A. Dai, S. Biner, D. Caya, and K. Winger (2010), Probability distributions of land surface wind distribution used for estimation of wind climate and annual winProbability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America Yanping He,1 Adam Hugh

  10. Global Trade of Wood and Paper Products Analysis by: Dr. Ed K. Pepke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and exporting regions of North America, Latin America (combining Central and South America), Europe renewable energy sources in light of escalating fossil fuel prices, have created new international trade

  11. North America Drilling Fluids | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Home Wayne31jan'sNorth

  12. North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEnginesVacantmagneticDepartment of EnergyNorth

  13. Stora Enso, North America | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's NuclearSpurringSteam Systems SteamR. ThaiStora Enso, North

  14. EDP Renewables North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyer County,ECO2 AssetEDP Renewables North

  15. Enel North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| OpenElectromagneticElmwood CUSD8EnagraEneEnel North

  16. Cambrian Agnostida of North America and Greenland, Part I, Ptychagnostidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robison, Richard A.

    1984-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS June 8, 1984 Paper 109 CAMBRIAN AGNOSTIDA OF NORTH AMERICA AND GREENLAND PART I, PTYCHAGNOSTIDAE' R. A. ROBISON Department of Geology, University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 66045 Abstract... D Z 38°-n 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 109 ABUNDANCE, WIDE geographic distribution, and rapid evolution make agnostoid trilobites some of the best indices for global correlation of Cambrian strata. The value...

  17. Preservation of contrasting geothermal gradients across the Caribbean-North America plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Preservation of contrasting geothermal gradients across the Caribbean-North America plate boundary the North American and Caribbean plates, document a sharp cooling age discontinuity across the fault the Caribbean-North America plate boundary (Motagua Fault, Guatemala), Tectonics, 32, 993­1010, doi:10.1002/tect

  18. The optimal reverse logistics network for consumer batteries in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Asgar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recycling of household consumer batteries is gaining legislative support throughout North America. The intent of this thesis document is to provide a broad overview of the current North American reverse logistics network ...

  19. Power North America RFI Comments | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T enAmount forDecontaminationCommentsNorth America RFI

  20. North America Drilling Fluids Market | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Home Wayne31jan's

  1. EnergyWorks North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,EnergySerranopolis JumpESL JumpEnergyWorks North America Jump to:

  2. Current Status and Experience of WAMS Implementation in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, Jim Y.; Huang, Zhenyu; Hauer, John F.; Martin, Kenneth E.

    2005-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The 15 years of successful implementation of Wide-Area Measurement Systems (WAMS) in the WECC power grid have shown significant value of WAMS data in system dynamic modeling and validation, FACTS control validation and pilot implementations of wide area protection schemes. The August 14 2003 blackout in the eastern interconnection of the North America revealed the urgent need for wide-area information acquisition for better power grid operations. The Eastern Interconnection Phasor Project (EIPP) was launched in 2003 to deploy a WAMS system in the eastern interconnection. Development of IEEE C37.118, a standard for phasor data acquisition and transmission, will aid in deployment of phasor measurement systems for WAMS applications. Technologies of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) with high precision time synchronization and Phasor Data Concentrators (PDCs) for phasor data aggregation and event recording are key to the success of WAMS implementation. This paper reviews the WAMS development in the North America and presents current and potential WAMS applications including dynamic modeling and validation and wide-area control. Past experience shows a promising future of WAMS in improving power system planning, operation and control. However, there remain challenges to make phasor measurement consistent and to meet both slow and fast data application needs.

  3. Spatial distribution of isoprene emissions from North America derived from formaldehyde column measurements by the OMI satellite sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chance, Kelly

    Spatial distribution of isoprene emissions from North America derived from formaldehyde column isoprene emission from North America. OMI HCHO columns for June-August 2006 are consistent distribution of OMI HCHO columns follows that of isoprene emission; anthropogenic hydrocarbon emissions

  4. International market integration for natural gas? : a cointegration analysis of priced in Europe, North America and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'Hegaret, Guillaume

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the degree of natural gas market integration in Europe, North America and Japan, between the mid 1990?s and 2002. Our hypothesis is that there was a certain split of prices between Europe and North America. The ...

  5. North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEnginesVacantmagneticDepartment of EnergyNorthof

  6. EA-373 EDF Trading North America, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197EFindingEA-257-CEA-296-B22441 Aquilon

  7. EA-373 EDF Trading North America, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy |Final Site-WideBPAPowerEEauthorizong NobleCLT

  8. Global Agricultural Trade and the Doha Round: What Are the Implications for North and South?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Global Agricultural Trade and the Doha Round: What Are the Implications for North and South? John C for Agricultural and Rural Development Iowa State University Ames, Iowa 50011-1070 www.card.iastate.edu John C. Beghin is Marlin Cole Professor of Economics and head of the Trade and Agricultural Policy Division

  9. ESTIMATING TEXAS-MEXICO NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT TRUCK VOLUMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West San Antonio, Texas 78249 Tel (210) 458-5384 FAX (210) 458-5783 jmccray@utsa.edu *Corresponding-3113 FAX (512) 232-3153 and John P. McCray The University of Texas at San Antonio 6900 North Loop 1604 WestESTIMATING TEXAS-MEXICO NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT TRUCK VOLUMES Paper Number: 01

  10. Pollution Transport From North America to Greenland During Summer 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, J. L.; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Law, K. S.; Marelle, L.; Ancellet, G.; Ravetta, F.; Fast, Jerome D.; Pfister, G.; Emmons, L.; Diskin, G. S.; Weinheimer, Andrew J.; Roiger, A.; Schlager, H.

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Ozone pollution transported to the Arctic is a significant concern because of the rapid, enhanced warming in high northern latitudes, which is caused, in part, by short lived climate forcers, such as ozone. Long range transport of pollution contributes to background and episodic ozone levels in the Arctic. However, the extent to which plumes are photochemically active during transport, particularly during the summer, is uncertain. Regional chemical transport model simulations are used to examine photochemical production of ozone in air masses originating from boreal fire and anthropogenic emissions over North America and during their transport toward the Arctic during early July 2008. Model results shows good agreement with aircraft data collected over boreal fire source regions in Canada and several days downwind over Greenland during the study period. Pollutant plumes were transported east and north towards the Arctic and show significant ozone enhancements downwind of source regions. Anthropogenic plumes were more photochemically active than fire plumes. Together, both sources made an important contribution to ozone in pollution plumes transported to the Arctic.

  11. Pollution transport from North America to Greenland during summer 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, J. L.; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Law, K. S.; Marelle, L.; Ancellet, G.; Ravetta, F.; Fast, Jerome D.; Pfister, G.; Emmons, L.; Diskin, G. S.; Weinheimer, Andrew J.; Roiger, A.; Schlager, H.

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Ozone pollution transported to the Arctic is a significant concern because of the rapid, enhanced warming in high northern latitudes, which is caused, in part, by short lived climate forcers, such as ozone. Long range transport of pollution contributes to background and episodic ozone levels in the Arctic. However, the extent to which plumes are photochemically active during transport, particularly during the summer, is uncertain. Regional chemical transport model simulations are used to examine photochemical production 8 of ozone in air masses originating from boreal fire and anthropogenic emissions over North America and during their transport toward the Arctic during early July 2008. Model results shows good agreement with aircraft data collected over boreal fire source regions in Canada and several days down-wind over Greenland during the study period. Pollutant plumes were transported east and north towards the Arctic and show significant ozone enhancements downwind of source regions. Anthropogenic plumes were more photochemically active than fire plumes. Together, both sources made an important contribution to ozone in pollution plumes transported to the Arctic.

  12. Air Flow North America Corp. – FE Dkt. No. 14-53-LNG (Re-export)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) gives notice of receipt of an application filed on March 25, 2014, by Air Flow North America Corp. (AIR FLOW) requesting short...

  13. Increasing background ozone during spring on the west coast of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    on the respiratory system and vegetation damage at concentrations not far above ambient. In East Asia, NOx emissions are transported at least as far as North America by the same mechanism [Parrish et al., 1992; Jaffe et al., 1999

  14. Air Flow North America Corp.- Fe Dkt. No. 14-206-LNG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy gives notice of receipt of an Application filed December 16, 2014, by Air Flow North America Corp. (Air Flow), seeking a long-term multi-contract authorization to export...

  15. Paleoecology, structure, and distribution of Triassic coral buildups in western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, G. D., Jr.

    1979-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    and cold-water coral banks that could easily be mistaken for shallow, tropical reefs if preserved in the rock record. The Triassic buildups of North America are domi- nated by astrocoeniid, montlivaltiid, and thamnasteriid corals that differ little over... with modern coral reefs, Smith (1927) inferred tropical climates for North America during the Triassic and cited broader climatic belts to explain the present-day distribu- tional data. Muller (1936a, b), in discussing Triassic coral reefs from Nevada...

  16. Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mlllet, Dylan B.

    Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet,*, Eric Apel, Daven K. Henze,§ Jason Hill, Julian D. Marshall, Hanwant B-Chem chemical transport model to constrain present-day North American ethanol sources, and gauge potential long

  17. Phytochemial Society of North America 50th Anniversary Meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, Norman G.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Phytochemical Society of North America will have its 50th anniversary meeting from December 10 through 15th, 2011, on the big island of Hawaii. The society has a long tradition in the study of plant biochemistry, chemistry, natural products (whether for commodity chemicals, food and fiber sources, renewable energy, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and other bioactive substances). The meeting, being a very special celebration, is anticipated to attract a very broad range of researchers drawn from worldwide locations. This is also reflected in the international composition of our organizing and scientific program committees. We are now finalizing speakers for the PSNA 50 conference which has a variety of scientific themes, including biofuels/bioengineering, transcriptome profiling, metabolism and metabolomics, and new characterization technologies/methodologies. A most important part of our PSNA 50 conference is to provide opportunities for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to present their research findings and exchange ideas with scientific colleagues. In this regard, the bulk of the funding in support of this conference is anticipated to come from sponsorships (industry, foundations, and so forth) and registrations which are currently underway. It is essential, however, that we strongly encourage the participation of both young graduate students and postdoctoral fellows at our historic meeting. In order to do this, we are requesting financial support from BES to help partially defray travel and registration costs to support 10 graduate students and 10 postdoctoral fellows in BES relevant areas of research. PSNA has a long history of supporting young scientists, including yearly graduate student and PDF competitions for best paper/poster awards. Support from BES would thus build on our previous successes, and enable a much broader and larger group of students/postdoctorals than at previous meetings.

  18. Silurian K-bentonites in North America and northwestern Europe: A trans-Atlantic comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergstroem, S.M. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Kolata, D.R. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States)); Huff, W.D. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States). Dept. of Geology)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Little published information is available about Silurian K-bentonites in North America, but a few occurrences of such beds are known from the Great lakes region and Nova Scotia. Only a small number of beds are recorded from the former area, but the Nova Scotia occurrences include about 20 beds of Llandoverian age, the most extensive sequence of Silurian K-bentonites known in North America. In contrast, more than 150 K-bentonites occur in the Silurian successions in Baltoscandia and the British Isles. Virtually all beds in North America are of Llandoverian age. There are numerous beds of that age also in Norway, Denmark (Bornholm), the British Isles, and the Swedish mainland but the successions in Estonia, Gotland, and the British Isles also include many K-bentonites of Wenlockian and Ludlovian age. Apparently, no Pridolian beds are known in North America and northwestern Europe. Many graptolite-dated collections from more than 20 sections in Baltoscandia and from many sections in the British Isles suggest that several single beds, or complexes of beds, can be traced regionally and hence have event-stratigraphic potential. The relatively few beds known from North America all occur in biostratigraphic intervals containing K-bentonites in Europe, and it is possible that some of these beds may have a common source. The much larger number of beds in northwestern Europe compared with North America may be taken as an indication that the source area of the European K-bentonites was closer to Baltica than to Laurentia, and probably located somewhere in the northern Iapetus.

  19. atlantic north america: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Atlantic SST and aerosol, Sahel rainfall, and Atlantic hurricanes. When the North Atlantic Ocean was cold Atlantic expe- rienced a high concentration of dust. The...

  20. ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA R.A. Assel and J describes an interactive menu- driven computer tutorial on the contemporary ice cover climatology information on ice cover data and analysis, and the second text module contains a generalized description

  1. Ecosystem carbon dioxide fluxes after disturbance in forests of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    Ecosystem carbon dioxide fluxes after disturbance in forests of North America B. D. Amiro,1 A. G, and New Brunswick). Net ecosystem production (NEP) showed a carbon loss from all ecosystems following a standreplacing disturbance, becoming a carbon sink by 20 years for all ecosystems and by 10 years for most

  2. Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peet, Robert K.

    LETTER Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America The diversity of a region reflects both local diversity and the turnover of species (beta diversity) between, we calculated beta diversity as the slope of the relationship between the log of species similarity

  3. Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mlllet, Dylan B.

    of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet*,1 , Eric Apel2 , Daven K. Henze3 , Jason Hill1 , Julian D. Marshall1S1 Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts INFORMATION Supporting Information contains a total of 12 pages, 1 table, and 7 figures. 1. AIRBORNE ETHANOL

  4. in North america, Canada Goose (Branta canaden-sis) populations are defined and partially managed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jodice, Patrick

    in North america, Canada Goose (Branta canaden- sis) populations are defined and partially managed based on affiliations with breeding grounds. three populations of migratory Canada Geese occur- ulation (hindman et al. 2004). Canada Geese from the atlantic Population (predominantly Branta canadensis

  5. Soil quality standards and guidelines for forest sustainability in northwestern North America$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soil quality standards and guidelines for forest sustainability in northwestern North America of the ®rst in the world to be developed to evaluate changes in forest soil productivity and sustainability and include diagnostic criteria for evaluating management-caused changes to soil productivity. Research

  6. Monthly mean pressure reconstructions for Europe (back to 1780) and North America (to 1958)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, P.D.; Wigley, T.M.L.; Briffa, K.R.

    1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly grid-point pressure data are reconstructed from station records of air temperature, precipitation and pressure for Europe, back to 1780, and North America, back to 1858. The reconstructions are based on a principal components regression technique which relates surface pressure patterns to those of the temperature, precipitation and station pressure data. The relationships are derived over a calibration period and the results are tested with independent data from another period. To illustrate the results examples are given of pressure anomalies over Europe during 1816 (the ''year without a summer''), anomalies over both Europe and North America for January and November 1862 (months with particularly strong anomalies), and anomalies over North America during 1884 (the year after Krakatau). The reconstructions are compared with other monthly mean pressure maps produced by Lamb and Johnson (1966) for Europe for 1780 to 1872 and for North America for 1858 to 1898, and by Kington (1980) for Europe for 1781 to 1785. Both of these map series show systematic biases relative to the present reconstructions. The reconstructed data are available on a magnetic tape.

  7. Mapping isoprene emissions over North America using formaldehyde column observations from space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chance, Kelly

    Mapping isoprene emissions over North America using formaldehyde column observations from space. [1] We present a methodology for deriving emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) using space to local VOC emissions, with a spatial smearing that increases with the VOC lifetime. Isoprene

  8. North-America Chinese Entrepreneur Association 22001111 NNAACCEEAA AAnnnnuuaall CCoonnffeerreennccee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Hall Room 260, Weston Hall 1:50 ­ 3:50 Session 1: Outlook in Global Green Energy, Biotech-America Chinese Entrepreneur Association (NACEA) is proud to present the 2011 annual conference, themed Innovation Annual Conference aims to help all current and potential entrepreneurs gain insights, exhange ideas, find

  9. Wind Powering America: The Next Steps in North Carolina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banks, Jennifer L. [North Carolina Solar Center; Scanlin, Dennis [Appalachian State University; Quinlan, Paul [North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association

    2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to apply the WPA’s proactive outreach strategy to the problem of educating the public about the likely transmission infrastructure developments concomitant to the significant development of wind energy resources in North Carolina. Given the lead time to develop significant new transmission infrastructure (5-10 years), it is critical to begin this outreach work today, so that wind resources can be developed to adequately meet the 20% by 2030 goal in the mid- to long-term (10-20 years). The project team planned to develop a transmission infrastructure outreach campaign for North Carolina by: (1) convening a utility interest group (UIG) of the North Carolina Wind Working Group (NC WWG) consisting of electric utilities in the state and the Southeast; and (2) expanding outreach to local and state government officials in North Carolina.

  10. The impact of bark beetle infestations on monoterpene emissions and secondary organic aerosol formation in western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, A. R.

    Over the last decade, extensive beetle outbreaks in western North America have destroyed over 100 000 km2 of forest throughout British Columbia and the western United States. Beetle infestations impact monoterpene emissions ...

  11. Enel Green Power North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy OffshoreDeveloper -Neo Jump to: navigation,EnbionNorth

  12. Regional patterns of radiocarbon and fossil fuel-derived CO2 in surface air across North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krakauer, Nir Y.

    Regional patterns of radiocarbon and fossil fuel-derived CO2 in surface air across North America-scale fossil fuel plumes in surface air. We collected corn (Zea mays) across North America during the summer-Maryland region showed a larger fossil fuel influence with a mean D14 C of 58.8% ± 3.9% and 55.2% ± 2

  13. Central Wind Forecasting Programs in North America by Regional Transmission Organizations and Electric Utilities: Revised Edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report and accompanying table addresses the implementation of central wind power forecasting by electric utilities and regional transmission organizations in North America. The first part of the table focuses on electric utilities and regional transmission organizations that have central wind power forecasting in place; the second part focuses on electric utilities and regional transmission organizations that plan to adopt central wind power forecasting in 2010. This is an update of the December 2009 report, NREL/SR-550-46763.

  14. Isotopic composition of brachiopod shells as indicators of Pennsylvanian marine paleoenvironment of North America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mii, Horng-Sheng

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shawnee (houp, with total thickness of 6. 9 m, are well exposed in Waverly quarry, Waverly County, Kansas (Figs. 1, 7). The Heebner Shale is a black, fissile, and phosphatic shale. The Plattsmouth Limestone is light gray with wavy bedding and some thin... brachiopod shells in order to examine temporal and regional paleoenvironmental variations in the Late Pennsylvanian epicontinental seas of North America. Samples were collected from the Missourian to Virgilian shales or shales interbedded with limestones...

  15. An examination of Plesiosauria (Diapsida: Sauropterygia) from the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of central North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storrs, G. W.

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS August 1999 Number 11 AN EXAMINATION OF PLESIOSAURIA (DIAPSIDA: SAUROPTERYGIA) FROM THE NIOBRARA CHALK (UPPER CRETACEOUS) OF CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA Glenn W. Storrs Cincinnati Museum... Center, Geier Collections and Research Center, 1720 Gilbert Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45202, storrsgwatemail.tic.edu Abstract.—Detailed examination of the holotypes of all described plesiosaurs from the Niobrara Chalk reveals that only three of the nine...

  16. Necessity and Requirements of a Collaborative Effort to Develop a Large Wind Turbine Blade Test Facility in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cotrell, J.; Musial, W.; Hughes, S.

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The wind power industry in North America has an immediate need for larger blade test facilities to ensure the survival of the industry. Blade testing is necessary to meet certification and investor requirements and is critical to achieving the reliability and blade life needed for the wind turbine industry to succeed. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Wind Program is exploring options for collaborating with government, private, or academic entities in a partnership to build larger blade test facilities in North America capable of testing blades up to at least 70 m in length. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) prepared this report for DOE to describe the immediate need to pursue larger blade test facilities in North America, categorize the numerous prospective partners for a North American collaboration, and document the requirements for a North American test facility.

  17. Space Cooling in North America: Market Overview and Future Impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Khowailed, Gannate [Sentech, Inc.; Sikes, Karen [SRA International, Inc.; Grubbs, Tyler [SRA International, Inc.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The North American space cooling market, particularly in the United States, is experiencing shifts in regulatory regimes, population patterns, economic conditions, and consumer preferences-all catalyzed further by rapid technological innovation. Taken together these factors may result in a slight reduction in air conditioning shipments in the short term, however the longer term trends indicate a continuing increase in the number of air conditioning systems in the U.S. markets. These increases will be greatest in the warmer and more humid (e.g. higher load demand) regions. This will result in increasing pressure on the U.S. electricity supply system to meet the energy peak and consumption demands for building space cooling.

  18. 1988 Wet deposition temporal and spatial patterns in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, J.C.; Olsen, A.R.; Bittner, E.A.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this report is on North American wet deposition temporal patterns from 1979 to 1988 and spatial patterns for 1988. It is the third in a series of reports that investigate the patterns of annual precipitation-weighted average concentration and annual deposition for nine ion species: hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, calcium, chloride, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Mosaic maps, based on surface estimation using kriging, display concentration and deposition spatial patterns of pH, hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, and calcium ion species for 1988 annual, winter, and summer periods. Temporal pattern analyses use a subset of 35 sites over a 10-year (1979--1988) period and an expanded subset of 137 sites, with greater spatial coverage, over a 7-year (1982--1988) period. The 10-year period represents the longest period with wet deposition monitoring data available that has a sufficient number of sites with data of known quality to allow a descriptive summary of annual temporal patterns. Sen's median trend estimate and Kendall's seasonal tau (KST) test are calculated for each ion species concentration and deposition at each site in both subsets.

  19. 1988 Wet deposition temporal and spatial patterns in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, J.C.; Olsen, A.R.; Bittner, E.A.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this report is on North American wet deposition temporal patterns from 1979 to 1988 and spatial patterns for 1988. It is the third in a series of reports that investigate the patterns of annual precipitation-weighted average concentration and annual deposition for nine ion species: hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, calcium, chloride, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Mosaic maps, based on surface estimation using kriging, display concentration and deposition spatial patterns of pH, hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, and calcium ion species for 1988 annual, winter, and summer periods. Temporal pattern analyses use a subset of 35 sites over a 10-year (1979--1988) period and an expanded subset of 137 sites, with greater spatial coverage, over a 7-year (1982--1988) period. The 10-year period represents the longest period with wet deposition monitoring data available that has a sufficient number of sites with data of known quality to allow a descriptive summary of annual temporal patterns. Sen`s median trend estimate and Kendall`s seasonal tau (KST) test are calculated for each ion species concentration and deposition at each site in both subsets.

  20. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eberhardt, J.

    2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. transportation sector is almost totally dependent on liquid hydrocarbon fuels, primarily gasoline and diesel fuel from conventional oil. In 2002, the transportation sector accounted for 69 percent of the U.S. oil use; highway vehicles accounted for 54 percent of the U.S. oil use. Of the total energy consumed in the U.S., more than 40 percent came from oil. More significantly, more than half of this oil is imported and is projected by the Energy Information Agency (EIA) to increase to 68 percent by 2025 [1]. The supply and price of oil have been dictated by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2002, OPEC accounted for 39 percent of world oil production and this is projected by the EIA to increase to 50 percent in 2025. Of the world's oil reserves, about 80 percent is owned by OPEC members. Major oil price shocks have disrupted world energy markets four times in the past 30 years (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-1991, and 1999- 2000) and with each came either a recession or slowdown in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the United States. In addition, these market upheavals have cost the U.S. approximately $7 trillion (in 1998 dollars) in total economic costs [2]. Finally, it is estimated that military expenditures for defending oil supplies in the Middle East range from $6 billion to $60 billion per year [3] and do not take into account the costs of recent military operations in Iraq (i.e., Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003). At the outset of his administration in 2001, President George W. Bush established the National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group to develop a national energy policy to promote dependable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy for the future in order to avert potential energy crises. In the National Energy Policy report [4], the NEPD Group urges action by the President to meet five specific national goals that America must meet--''modernize conservation, modernize our energy infrastructure, increase energy supplies, accelerate the protection and improvement of the environment, and increase our nation's energy security.'' It is generally recognized that energy security can be achieved partially by reducing importation of oil from sources that are less politically stable.

  1. The Romelt Process -- Prospects for pig iron production in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, M.W. [ICF Kaiser International, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States); Weston, T.R. [ICF Kaiser International, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The iron and steel industry in North America is undergoing dramatic changes and is being driven by three factors. First, the introduction of new technologies and pace of innovation has placed North America at the forefront of commercializing new technologies. Second, new technologies have changed the market for steelmaking raw materials and stimulated an industry-wide discussion of the ``value in use`` of scrap and scrap substitutes. Finally, an increase in environmental costs has fundamentally changed management`s view toward the environmental impact of iron and steelmaking, particularly in the integrated steel industry. This paper discusses the Romelt Process, an emerging ironmaking technology developed by the Moscow Institute for Steels and Alloys, in the context of these industry trends. ICF Kaiser, a worldwide licensee to the Romelt technology, believes that the current North American climate is probably the most conducive of all steelmaking regions to the commercialization of new technologies. Liquid or cast pig iron, the product of the Romelt Process, is the highest value feed for both the EAF and BOF steelmaking processes. In terms of environmental benefits, Romelt uses non-coking coals for its fuel and reductant, and has a proven large scale pilot plant track record in smelting both low grade fine ores and iron bearing wastes from the integrated works.

  2. The 1992 conference on Latin America`s Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year`s Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America`s energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America`s need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important ``pull`` factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico`s plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

  3. North America's net terrestrial carbon exchange with the atmosphere 1990-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Anthony W.; Andres, Robert; Davis, Kenneth J.; Hafer, M.; Hayes, Daniel J.; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; de Jong, Bernardus; Kurz, Werner; McGuire, A. David; Vargas, Rodrigo; Wei, Yaxing; West, Tristram O.; Woodall, Chris W.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific understanding of the global carbon cycle is required for developing national and international policy to mitigate fossil-fuel CO2 emissions by managing terrestrial carbon uptake. Toward that understanding and as a contribution to the REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP) project, this paper provides a synthesis of net land-atmosphere CO2 exchange for North America over the period (1990-2009). This synthesis is based on results from three different methods: atmospheric inversion, inventory-based methods and terrestrial biosphere modeling. All methods indicate that the North America land surface was a sink for atmospheric CO2, with a net transfer from atmosphere to land. Estimates ranged from -890 to -280 Tg C yr-1, where the atmospheric inversion estimate forms the lower bound of that range (a larger land-sink) and the inventory-based estimate the upper (a smaller land sink). Integrating across estimates, a “best” estimates (i.e., measures of central tendency) are -472 ± 281 Tg C yr-1 based on the mean and standard deviation of the distribution and -360 Tg C yr-1 (with an interquartile range of -496 to -337) based on the median. Considering both the fossil-fuel emissions source and the land sink, our analysis shows that North America was, however, a net contributor to the growth of CO2 in the atmosphere in the late 20th and early 21st century. The continent’s CO2 source to sink ratio for this time period was likely in the range of 4:1 to 3:1.

  4. Heat flow patterns of the North American continent: A discussion of the DNAG Geothermal Map of North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackwell, David D.; Steele, John L.; Carter, Larry C.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The large and small-scale geothermal features of the North American continent and surrounding ocean areas illustrated on the new 1:5,000,000 DNAG Geothermal Map of North America are summarized. Sources for the data included on the map are given. The types of data included are heat flow sites coded by value, contours of heat flow with a color fill, areas of major groundwater effects on regional heat flow, the top-of-geopressure in the Gulf Coast region, temperature on the Dakota aquifer in the midcontinent, location of major hot springs and geothermal systems, and major center of Quaternary and Holocene volcanism. The large scale heat flow pattern that is well known for the conterminous United States and Canada of normal heat flow east of the Cordillera and generally high heat flow west of the front of the Cordillera dominates the continental portion of the map. However, details of the heat flow variations are also seen and are discussed briefly in this and the accompanying papers.

  5. O-like Stars in the Direction of the North America and Pelican Nebulae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Straizys; V. Laugalys

    2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In the area covering the complex of the North America and Pelican nebulae we identified 13 faint stars with J-H and H-Ks color indices which simulate heavily reddened O-type stars. One of these stars is CP05-4 classified as O5 V by Comeron and Pasquali (2005). Combining magnitudes of these stars in the passbands I, J, H, Ks and [8.3] we were able to suspect that two of them are carbon stars and five are late M-type AGB stars. Interstellar extinction in the direction of these stars was estimated from the background red clump giants in the J-H vs. H-Ks diagram and from star counts in the Ks passband. Four or five stars are found to have a considerable probability of being O-type stars, contributing to the ionization of North America and Pelican. If they really are O-type stars, their interstellar extinction A(V) should be from 16 to 35 mag. Two of them seem to be responsible for bright E and J radio rims discovered by Matthews and Goss (1980).

  6. CCD photometry and classification of stars in the North America and Pelican nebulae region. I. Moletai photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Laugalys; V. Straizys

    2002-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnitudes and color indices in the Vilnius seven-color system are measured for 690 stars down to ~13.2 mag in the area of the North America and Pelican nebulae. Spectral types, absolute magnitudes, color excesses, interstellar extinctions and distances of the stars are determined. The plots of interstellar extinction Av versus distance for the North America Nebula and for the dark cloud L935 show that both areas are covered by the same absorbing cloud, situated at a distance of 600 pc. The maximal extinction in the area of the nebula is ~3 mag, while in the dark cloud L935 it is much greater.

  7. 26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO! MAPLE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --bats used by high school and college players--also are made of aluminum (or a metal alloy) today. Considering all levels of baseball and softball, non-wood bats (aluminum, metal alloys, and composites) now26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO

  8. John R. Jones and Norbert V. DeByle The broad range of aspen in North America is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATES John R. Jones and Norbert V. DeByle The broad range of aspen in North America is evidence for establishment and not too severe competition from other plants, aspen can survive from timberline on the tundra. How- ever, aspen grows much better and competes more successfully under some climatic regimes than

  9. Patterns of fish invasions in the Great Plains of North America Keith B. Gido a,*, Jacob F. Schaefer b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gido, Keith B.

    Patterns of fish invasions in the Great Plains of North America Keith B. Gido a,*, Jacob F 66506, USA b Department of Biology, Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, Edwardsville, IL 62026 in Oklahoma and Kansas to examine spatial patterns of species invasions in the Great Plains region of the US

  10. Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications for imminent acceleration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bromirski, Peter D.

    Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications changes in global mean sea level (MSL) rise have important practical implications for shoreline and beach occurred after the mid1970s regime shift, can account for the suppression of regional sea level rise along

  11. Driving it home: choosing the right path for fueling North America's transportation future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ann Bordetsky; Susan Casey-Lefkowitz; Deron Lovaas; Elizabeth Martin-Perera; Melanie Nakagawa; Bob Randall; Dan Woynillowicz

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    North America faces an energy crossroads. With the world fast approaching the end of cheap, plentiful conventional oil, we must choose between developing ever-dirtier sources of fossil fuels -- at great cost to our health and environment -- or setting a course for a more sustainable energy future of clean, renewable fuels. This report explores the full scale of the damage done by attempts to extract oil from liquid coal, oil shale, and tar sands; examines the risks for investors of gambling on these dirty fuel sources; and lays out solutions for guiding us toward a cleaner fuel future. Table of contents: Executive Summary; Chapter 1: Transportation Fuel at a Crossroads; Chapter 2: Canadian Tar Sands: Scraping the Bottom of the Barrel in Endangered Forests; Chapter 3: Oil Shale Extraction: Drilling Through the American West; Chapter 4: Liquid Coal: A 'Clean Fuel' Mirage; Chapter 5: The Investment Landscape: Dirty Fuels Are Risky Business; Chapter 6: The Clean Path for Transportation and Conclusion.

  12. U.S. Department of Energy and Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Partner to Advance Industry Lighting Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to work together on the development of strong industry lighting standards. The original MOU was signed in July 2006 and a renewed MOU was signed in October 2011. It underscores the Department's commitment to support the development of needed metrics and standards for solid-state lighting (SSL) technology.

  13. Final Technical Report: CO{sub 2} Budget and Rectification Airborne Study -- North America (COBRA--NA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wofsy, Steven C

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the concentrations of CO{sub 2}, CO, and other gases were carried out using small aircraft platforms, spanning northern North America, with missions in 1999, 2000, 2003 and 2004. The measurements provided the first large-scale, fine-grained observations of the spatial and temporal structure of CO{sub 2} in the atmosphere. A new data analysis framework was developed to utilize these novel data, providing regional scale determinations of net carbon balance.

  14. Natural sources of mercury in arid and semiarid landscapes of western North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustin, M.S.; Taylor, G.E. Jr. [Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Environmental and Resource Sciences

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Mercury is enriched naturally in three global belts associated with areas in which Tertiary and Quaternary volcanism occurred. one belt, which occurs along the western margin of North America, contains concentrated and disseminated mercury occurrences in semiarid and arid biomes. Mercury enters the atmosphere from these landscapes through three processes: volatilization from enriched substrate, venting of geothermal systems, and resuspension. It is expected that the component of Hg deposited to arid landscapes through wet and dry deposition is negligible. Mercury fluxes to the atmosphere from arid and semiarid landscapes will be greater than that in more mesic environments because of the aridity and the daily amplitude in air temperatures. Resuspension may contribute significantly to the atmospheric burden of Hg due to eolian dispersal and subsequent evasion. To calculate the Hg flux from naturally enriched areas, the concentration, chemical form, and distribution of the Hg must be known. An understanding of the magnitude of natural Hg enrichment in global mercuriferous belts is important because the baseline for addressing human health and ecological risk is likely to be higher in these landscapes.

  15. Sub-Seafloor Carbon Dioxide Storage Potential on the Juan de Fuca Plate, Western North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Fairley; Robert Podgorney

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Juan de Fuca plate, off the western coast of North America, has been suggested as a site for geological sequestration of waste carbon dioxide because of its many attractive characteristics (high permeability, large storage capacity, reactive rock types). Here we model CO2 injection into fractured basalts comprising the upper several hundred meters of the sub-seafloor basalt reservoir, overlain with low-permeability sediments and a large saline water column, to examine the feasibility of this reservoir for CO2 storage. Our simulations indicate that the sub-seafloor basalts of the Juan de Fuca plate may be an excellent CO2 storage candidate, as multiple trapping mechanisms (hydrodynamic, density inversions, and mineralization) act to keep the CO2 isolated from terrestrial environments. Questions remain about the lateral extent and connectivity of the high permeability basalts; however, the lack of wells or boreholes and thick sediment cover maximize storage potential while minimizing potential leakage pathways. Although promising, more study is needed to determine the economic viability of this option.

  16. Market reactions to animal disease: the case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy discoveries in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Rong

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , associated trade disruptions, and demand shifts on U.S. welfare and the livestock industry. Six alternative scenarios were simulated and compared with the base scenario where there was no trade disruption and demand shift. The six scenarios consisted...

  17. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Thornton, Michele M [ORNL; Mayer, Benjamin W [ORNL; Wilhelmi, Nate [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Devarakonda, Ranjeet [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More information: http://daymet.ornl.gov Presenter: Ranjeet Devarakonda Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries provides gridded estimates of daily weather parameters for North America, including daily continuous surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation occurrence and amount, humidity, shortwave radiation, snow water equivalent, and day length. The current data product (Version 2) covers the period January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2013 [1]. The prior product (Version 1) only covered from 1980-2008. Data are available on a daily time step at a 1-km x 1-km spatial resolution in Lambert Conformal Conic projection with a spatial extent that covers the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada as meteorological station density allows. Daymet data can be downloaded from 1) the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) search and order tools (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/cart/add2cart.pl?add=1219) or directly from the DAAC FTP site (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1219) and 2) the Single Pixel Tool [2] and THREDDS (Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services) Data Server [3]. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool allows users to enter a single geographic point by latitude and longitude in decimal degrees. A routine is executed that translates the (lon, lat) coordinates into projected Daymet (x,y) coordinates. These coordinates are used to access the Daymet database of daily-interpolated surface weather variables. Daily data from the nearest 1 km x 1 km Daymet grid cell are extracted from the database and formatted as a table with one column for each Daymet variable and one row for each day. All daily data for selected years are returned as a single (long) table, formatted for display in the browser window. At the top of this table is a link to the same data in a simple comma-separated text format, suitable for import into a spreadsheet or other data analysis software. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool also provides the option to download multiple coordinates programmatically. A multiple extractor script is freely available to download at http://daymet.ornl.gov/files/daymet.zip. The ORNL DAAC s THREDDS data server (TDS) provides customized visualization and access to Daymet time series of North American mosaics. Users can subset and download Daymet data via a variety of community standards, including OPeNDAP, NetCDF Subset service, and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Map/Coverage Service. The ORNL DAAC TDS also exposes Daymet metadata through its ncISO service to facilitate harvesting Daymet metadata records into 3rd party catalogs. References: [1] Thornton, P.E., M.M. Thornton, B.W. Mayer, N. Wilhelmi, Y. Wei, R. Devarakonda, and R.B. Cook. 2014. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. [2] Devarakonda R., et al. 2012. Daymet: Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.go/singlepixel.html]. [3] Wei Y., et al. 2014. Daymet: Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.gov/thredds_tiles.html].

  18. International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

  19. Chronological refinement of an ice core record at Upper Fremont Glacier in south central North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuster, Paul F. [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Boulder, Colorado (United States)] [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Boulder, Colorado (United States); White, David E. [Golden Software, Golden, Colorado (United States)] [Golden Software, Golden, Colorado (United States); Naftz, David L. [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Salt Lake City, Utah (United States)] [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Salt Lake City, Utah (United States); Cecil, L. DeWayne [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Idaho Falls, Idaho (United States)] [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Idaho Falls, Idaho (United States)

    2000-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential to use ice cores from alpine glaciers in the midlatitudes to reconstruct paleoclimatic records has not been widely recognized. Although excellent paleoclimatic records exist for the polar regions, paleoclimatic ice core records are not common from midlatitude locations. An ice core removed from the Upper Fremont Glacier in Wyoming provides evidence for abrupt climate change during the mid-1800s. Volcanic events (Krakatau and Tambora) identified from electrical conductivity measurements (ECM) and isotopic and chemical data from the Upper Fremont Glacier were reexamined to confirm and refine previous chronological estimates of the ice core. At a depth of 152 m the refined age-depth profile shows good agreement (1736{+-}10 A.D.) with the {sup 14}C age date (1729{+-}95 A.D.). The {delta}{sup 18}O profile of the Upper Fremont Glacier (UFG) ice core indicates a change in climate known as the Little Ice Age (LIA). However, the sampling interval for {delta}{sup 18}O is sufficiently large (20 cm) such that it is difficult to pinpoint the LIA termination on the basis of {delta}{sup 18}O data alone. Other research has shown that changes in the {delta}{sup 18}O variance are generally coincident with changes in ECM variance. The ECM data set contains over 125,000 data points at a resolution of 1 data point per millimeter of ice core. A 999-point running average of the ECM data set and results from f tests indicates that the variance of the ECM data decreases significantly at about 108 m. At this depth, the age-depth profile predicts an age of 1845 A.D. Results indicate the termination of the LIA was abrupt with a major climatic shift to warmer temperatures around 1845 A.D. and continuing to present day. Prediction limits (error bars) calculated for the profile ages are {+-}10 years (90% confidence level). Thus a conservative estimate for the time taken to complete the LIA climatic shift to present-day climate is about 10 years, suggesting the LIA termination in alpine regions of central North America may have occurred on a relatively short (decadal) timescale. (c) 2000 American Geophysical Union.

  20. Reliable, Economic, Efficient CO2 Heat Pump Water Heater for North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radcliff, Thomas D; Sienel, Tobias; Huff, Hans-Joachim; Thompson, Adrian; Sadegh, Payman; Olsommer, Benoit; Park, Young

    2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Adoption of heat pump water heating technology for commercial hot water could save up to 0.4 quads of energy and 5 million metric tons of CO2 production annually in North America, but industry perception is that this technology does not offer adequate performance or reliability and comes at too high of a cost. Development and demonstration of a CO2 heat pump water heater is proposed to reduce these barriers to adoption. Three major themes are addressed: market analysis to understand barriers to adoption, use of advanced reliability models to design optimum qualification test plans, and field testing of two phases of water heater prototypes. Market experts claim that beyond good performance, market adoption requires 'drop and forget' system reliability and a six month payback of first costs. Performance, reliability and cost targets are determined and reliability models are developed to evaluate the minimum testing required to meet reliability targets. Three phase 1 prototypes are designed and installed in the field. Based on results from these trials a product specification is developed and a second phase of five field trial units are built and installed. These eight units accumulate 11 unit-years of service including 15,650 hours and 25,242 cycles of compressor operation. Performance targets can be met. An availability of 60% is achieved and the capability to achieve >90% is demonstrated, but overall reliability is below target, with an average of 3.6 failures/unit-year on the phase 2 demonstration. Most reliability issues are shown to be common to new HVAC products, giving high confidence in mature product reliability, but the need for further work to minimize leaks and ensure reliability of the electronic expansion valve is clear. First cost is projected to be above target, leading to an expectation of 8-24 month payback when substituted for an electric water heater. Despite not meeting all targets, arguments are made that an industry leader could sufficiently develop this technology to impact the water heater market in the near term.

  1. Frito-Lay North America/NREL CRADA: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-06-176

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Frito Lay North America (FLNA) requires technical assistance for the evaluation and implementation of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in production facilities and distribution centers across North America. Services provided by NREL do not compete with those available in the private sector, but rather provide FLNA with expertise to create opportunities for the private sector renewable/efficiency industries and to inform FLNA decision making regarding cost-effective projects. Services include: identifying the most cost-effective project locations based on renewable energy resource data, utility data, incentives and other parameters affecting projects; assistance with feasibility studies; procurement specifications; design reviews; and other services to support FNLA in improving resource efficiency at facilities. This Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) establishes the terms and conditions under which FLNA may access capabilities unique to the laboratory and required by FLNA. Each subsequent task issued under this umbrella agreement would include a scope-of-work, budget, schedule, and provisions for intellectual property specific to that task.

  2. Gigantic Ordovician volcanic ash fall in North America and Europe: Biological, tectonomagmatic, and event-stratigraphic significance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huff, W.D. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)); Bergstroem, S.M. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States)); Kolata, D.R. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (United States))

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biostratigraphical, geochemical, isotopic, and paleogeographic data suggest that the Millbrig K-bentonite, one of the thickest and most widespread Ordovician volcanic ash beds in eastern North America, is the same as the so-called 'Big Bentonite' in Baltoscandia. This is the first time that the same K-bentonite has been identified in both North America and Europe, and it serves as a unique event-stratigraphic marker over a large portion of the Northern Hemisphere. This eruption produced at least 340 km[sup 3] of dense-rock-equivalent ash that was deposited in a layer up to 1-2 m thick over several million square kilometers. As much as 800 km[sup 3] of additional ash may have fallen into the Iapetus Ocean, for a total of 1,140 km[sup 3]. Trace element geochemistry shows that the ash was derived from a felsic calc-alkalic magmatic source characteristic of volcanism in a continental crust-based, destructive plate-margin setting. This is one of the largest, if not the largest, ash falls recorded in Earth's Phanerozoic stratigraphic record, but its recognizable effect on faunas and floras was minimal, and it did not result in a global extinction event. The Millbrig-Big Bentonite bed provides accurate time control for sedimentologic, paleoecologic, and paleogeographic reconstructions across plates positioned in tropical (Laurentia) and temperate (Baltica) latitudes during Middle Ordovician time.

  3. Effects of climate, tectonism, and variations in sea level on formation of Cretaceous coals of North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCabe, P.J.; Brownfield, M.E.; Hansen, D.E.; Hettinger, R.D.; Kirschbaum, M.A.; Sanchez, D.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extensive deposits of Cretaceous coal-bearing strata are present in western North America, extending from the North Slope of Alaska to northern Mexico. Most of the Cretaceous sediments were derived from the active Cordillera region and were deposited in foreland basins on the western margin of the Western Interior seaway. A multidisciplinary study is in progress to document and attempt to explain the temporal and spatial distribution of the Cretaceous coals. The study examines the effects of variations of paleoclimate, tectonics, and relative sea level on a continentwide scale. In addition, coal quality is related to the regional depositional settings. Many aspects of coal quality (for example, maceral composition, ash content, sulfur content) are determined by the flora and hydrology of the mire in which the original peat accumulated. The existence of Cretaceous coals throughout the length of the Western Cordillera provides a unique opportunity to determine variations in mire type with climate over a range of 50/degrees/ of paleolatitude, and to examine the effects of these variations on coal quality. The relationships between coal beds and associated clastic facies should also be expected to change with varying mire types. Recent developments in their understanding of foreland basin evolution, Cretaceous sea level changes, and peat-forming environments make this an optimal time to begin a regional synthesis of North America's Cretaceous coals. Results of this study should aid the development of better predictive models of coal quality and seam thickness. These models will take into account the effects of major controls on sedimentation (climate, tectonics, sea level changes) rather than just the local depositional environment.

  4. Climate-driven shifts in quantity and seasonality of river discharge over the past 1000 years from the hydrographic apex of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Thomas W.D.

    the hydrographic apex of North America Brent B. Wolfe,1 Roland I. Hall,2 Thomas W. D. Edwards,3 Suzanne R. Jarvis,1. The delta landscape responds to hydroclimatic changes with marked variability, while Lake Athabasca level. Edwards, S. R. Jarvis, R. N. Sinnatamby, Y. Yi, and J. W. Johnston (2008), Climate-driven shifts

  5. Slumping Economy Reduces Sawlog Prices In Europe And North America to Lowest Levels in Five Years, Reports The Wood Resource Quarterly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slumping Economy Reduces Sawlog Prices In Europe And North America to Lowest Levels in Five Years Europe. Finnish sawmills currently have some of the highest wood raw-material costs of all countries regular updates of the latest developments in international timber, pulp, lumber and biomass markets

  6. Considerations for Mechanistic Design of Concrete Sleepers and Elastic Fastening Systems in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    practices for concrete sleeper and fastening system design and improving safety, reliability, and rail America B.J. Van Dyk, J.R. Edwards, C.J. Ruppert, Jr., C.P.L. Barkan Rail Transportation & Engineering not achieve their design life. While initially functional, they ultimately require more frequent maintenance

  7. Essays on price dynamics, discovery, and dynamic threshold effects among energy spot markets in North America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Haesun

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the role electricity and natural gas sectors play in the North American economy, an understanding of how markets for these commodities interact is important. This dissertation independently characterizes the price dynamics of major electricity...

  8. British Troops, Colonists, Indians, and Slaves in Southeastern North America, 1756-1763

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyun Wu

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work recasts the world of the North American Southeast during the Seven Years’ War by examining the intersecting stories of British soldiers, colonists, Indians, and enslaved and free Africans. Populated with diverse Indians, Europeans...

  9. Essays on price dynamics, discovery, and dynamic threshold effects among energy spot markets in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Haesun

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the role electricity and natural gas sectors play in the North American economy, an understanding of how markets for these commodities interact is important. This dissertation independently characterizes the price dynamics of major electricity...

  10. Comparative assessment of status and opportunities for carbon Dioxide Capture and storage and Radioactive Waste Disposal In North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, C.; Birkholzer, J.T.

    2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Aside from the target storage regions being underground, geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) and radioactive waste disposal (RWD) share little in common in North America. The large volume of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) needed to be sequestered along with its relatively benign health effects present a sharp contrast to the limited volumes and hazardous nature of high-level radioactive waste (RW). There is well-documented capacity in North America for 100 years or more of sequestration of CO{sub 2} from coal-fired power plants. Aside from economics, the challenges of GCS include lack of fully established legal and regulatory framework for ownership of injected CO{sub 2}, the need for an expanded pipeline infrastructure, and public acceptance of the technology. As for RW, the USA had proposed the unsaturated tuffs of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as the region's first high-level RWD site before removing it from consideration in early 2009. The Canadian RW program is currently evolving with options that range from geologic disposal to both decentralized and centralized permanent storage in surface facilities. Both the USA and Canada have established legal and regulatory frameworks for RWD. The most challenging technical issue for RWD is the need to predict repository performance on extremely long time scales (10{sup 4}-10{sup 6} years). While attitudes toward nuclear power are rapidly changing as fossil-fuel costs soar and changes in climate occur, public perception remains the most serious challenge to opening RW repositories. Because of the many significant differences between RWD and GCS, there is little that can be shared between them from regulatory, legal, transportation, or economic perspectives. As for public perception, there is currently an opportunity to engage the public on the benefits and risks of both GCS and RWD as they learn more about the urgent energy-climate crisis created by greenhouse gas emissions from current fossil-fuel combustion practices.

  11. A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwalm, C.R.; Williams, C.A.; Schaefer, K.; Anderson, R.; Arain, M.A.; Baker, I.; Black, T.A.; Chen, G.; Ciais, P.; Davis, K. J.; Desai, A. R.; Dietze, M.; Dragoni, D.; Fischer, M.L.; Flanagan, L.B.; Grant, R.F.; Gu, L.; Hollinger, D.; Izaurralde, R.C.; Kucharik, C.; Lafleur, P.M.; Law, B.E.; Li, L.; Li, Z.; Liu, S.; Lokupitiya, E.; Luo, Y.; Ma, S.; Margolis, H.; Matamala, R.; McCaughey, H.; Monson, R. K.; Oechel, W. C.; Peng, C.; Poulter, B.; Price, D.T.; Riciutto, D.M.; Riley, W.J.; Sahoo, A.K.; Sprintsin, M.; Sun, J.; Tian, H.; Tonitto, C.; Verbeeck, H.; Verma, S.B.

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our current understanding of terrestrial carbon processes is represented in various models used to integrate and scale measurements of CO{sub 2} exchange from remote sensing and other spatiotemporal data. Yet assessments are rarely conducted to determine how well models simulate carbon processes across vegetation types and environmental conditions. Using standardized data from the North American Carbon Program we compare observed and simulated monthly CO{sub 2} exchange from 44 eddy covariance flux towers in North America and 22 terrestrial biosphere models. The analysis period spans {approx}220 site-years, 10 biomes, and includes two large-scale drought events, providing a natural experiment to evaluate model skill as a function of drought and seasonality. We evaluate models' ability to simulate the seasonal cycle of CO{sub 2} exchange using multiple model skill metrics and analyze links between model characteristics, site history, and model skill. Overall model performance was poor; the difference between observations and simulations was {approx}10 times observational uncertainty, with forested ecosystems better predicted than nonforested. Model-data agreement was highest in summer and in temperate evergreen forests. In contrast, model performance declined in spring and fall, especially in ecosystems with large deciduous components, and in dry periods during the growing season. Models used across multiple biomes and sites, the mean model ensemble, and a model using assimilated parameter values showed high consistency with observations. Models with the highest skill across all biomes all used prescribed canopy phenology, calculated NEE as the difference between GPP and ecosystem respiration, and did not use a daily time step.

  12. Initial Value Predictability of Intrinsic Oceanic Modes and Implications for Decadal Prediction over North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branstator, Grant

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall aim of our project was to quantify and characterize predictability of the climate as it pertains to decadal time scale predictions. By predictability we mean the degree to which a climate forecast can be distinguished from the climate that exists at initial forecast time, taking into consideration the growth of uncertainty that occurs as a result of the climate system being chaotic. In our project we were especially interested in predictability that arises from initializing forecasts from some specific state though we also contrast this predictability with predictability arising from forecasting the reaction of the system to external forcing – for example changes in greenhouse gas concentration. Also, we put special emphasis on the predictability of prominent intrinsic patterns of the system because they often dominate system behavior. Highlights from this work include: • Development of novel methods for estimating the predictability of climate forecast models. • Quantification of the initial value predictability limits of ocean heat content and the overturning circulation in the Atlantic as they are represented in various state of the artclimate models. These limits varied substantially from model to model but on average were about a decade with North Atlantic heat content tending to be more predictable than North Pacific heat content. • Comparison of predictability resulting from knowledge of the current state of the climate system with predictability resulting from estimates of how the climate system will react to changes in greenhouse gas concentrations. It turned out that knowledge of the initial state produces a larger impact on forecasts for the first 5 to 10 years of projections. • Estimation of tbe predictability of dominant patterns of ocean variability including well-known patterns of variability in the North Pacific and North Atlantic. For the most part these patterns were predictable for 5 to 10 years. • Determination of especially predictable patterns in the North Atlantic. The most predictable of these retain predictability substantially longer than generic patterns, with some being predictable for two decades.

  13. america vlf network: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    vapour to boreal North America, but it has been North America, where it precipitated and accumulated as snow, and thus allowed the initiation Gilli, Adrian 309 Geological Society...

  14. A study of mid-latitude tropopause characteristics over eastern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Ben Howard

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    50 40 30 20 10 MO BUP PLT GSO 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 Latitude (degrees north) Figure l. Occurrence of multiple tropopauses during summer 120 IJ III 0 0 0 E 0 0 '0 N 4J 0 A N 0 100 80 60 40 20 E I CI CI -20 60 55 50 45... 40 35 30 25 Latitude (degrees north) Figure 2. Profile of mean zonal wind during summer 21 70 C 4I 0 o e e o, o o IU O N lJ o e W m 0 o 4J 4J C m Ol v 6 u Ol CI 60 50 40 30 20 10 PH NO BUF 0 SO P T 60 55 50 45 40 35...

  15. EA-338 Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy |Final Site-WideBPAPowerEE US No.Subsidary No.CompanyNorth

  16. The 1992 conference on Latin America's Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year's Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America's energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America's need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important pull'' factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico's plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

  17. Bibliography of the paleontology and paleoecology of the Devonian-Mississippian black-shale sequence in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barron, L.S.; Ettensohn, F.R.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Devonian-Mississippian black-shale sequence is one of the most prominent and well-known stratigraphic horizons in the Paleozoic of the United States, yet the paleontology and its paleoecologic and paleoenvironmental implications are poorly known. This is in larger part related to the scarcity of fossils preserved in the shale - in terms of both diversity and abundance. Nonetheless, that biota which is preserved is well-known and much described, but there is little synthesis of this data. The first step in such a synthesis is the compilation of an inclusive bibliography such as this one. This bibliography contains 1193 entries covering all the major works dealing with Devonian-Mississippian black-shale paleontology and paleoecology in North America. Articles dealing with areas of peripheral interest, such as paleogeography, paleoclimatology, ocean circulation and chemistry, and modern analogues, are also cited. In the index, the various genera, taxonomic groups, and other general topics are cross-referenced to the cited articles. It is hoped that this compilation will aid in the synthesis of paleontologic and paleoecologic data toward a better understanding of these unique rocks and their role as a source of energy.

  18. Ordovician platform, slope, and basin facies in subsurface of southern North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alberstadt, L.P.; Colvin, G.; Sauve, J.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ordovician carbonates of the Nashville dome and Ozark dome regions have long been considered typical shelf deposits. In the subsurface to the south, in the Black Warrior basin, Mississippi Embayment, and Arkoma basin, these shelf carbonate units changed facies. The most significant change is the occurrence of a thick limestone unit characterized by a faunal and floral assemblage of Nuia, Girvanella (isolated long strands), Sphaerocodium, a delicate stacked-chambered organism (.algal), and sponge spicules and sponge mudstone clumps. In ascending order, the complete Ordovician sequence consists of: a lower dolostone, the Nuia-sponge limestone, a dolostone, and a limestone. The upper part of this four-fold sequence changes character westward into the Arkoma basin. The lower two units maintain their character for long distances along depositional strike and occur in parts of the Appalachians as far north as Newfoundland, and on the opposite side of the continent in Nevada. The Nuia-sponge assemblage is a distinctive petrographic marker and seems to be a persistent Ordovician rock and fossil assemblage of widespread occurrence. In Nevada, it occurs on the surface where it is associated with slump and slide features that suggest that it is an outer shelf or upper slope deposit. Coeval carbonates in the Ouachita Mountains are different and show indications of being deep water (basinal). Biostratigraphic evidence indicates that the succession in the subsurface is continuous; the regional Lower Ordovician-Middle Ordovician unconformity is absent. The Lower Ordovician-Middle Ordovician boundary falls near the top of the Nuia-sponge mudstone unit and not at the top of the underlying thick dolostone unit.

  19. 18 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 GENETIC TRANSFORMATION OF FRAXINUS SPP. FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in cold storage. This regeneration system provided a foundation for developing a genetic modification, the nursery and forest products industries, and the U.S. foreign trade of ash lumber and logs. This research

  20. Climate change in the Pacific North America region over the past millennium : development and application of novel geochemical tracers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roach, Lydia Darcy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003) North Pacific intermediate water response to a moderndecadal changes in intermediate water masses a signature offrom tree rings. J. Amer. Water Res. Assoc. Mestas-Nuñez,

  1. Ancient DNA Analysis of Mid-Holocene Individuals from the Northwest Coast of North America Reveals Different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    ) were generated from four ancient and three living individuals of the northern Northwest Coast of North Island, Alaska, and may have gone extinct, as it has not been observed in any living individuals, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone

  2. Range-wide phylogeographic analysis of the spotted frog complex (Rana luteiventris and Rana pretiosa) in northwestern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Funk, W. Chris

    State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA c Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, 830 North University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 18 of the region was buried under cordil- leran and alpine ice for 90,000 years each cycle, splitting species

  3. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY Air Flow North America Corp. Docket No.: 14-206-LNG APPLICATION OF AIR FLOW NORTH AMERICA CORP. FOR LONG-TERM AUTHORIZATION TO EXPORT...

  4. A review of "Writing North America in the Seventeenth Century: English Representations in Print and Manuscript" by Catherine Armstrong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentley, Greg

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS the New World? (3-4). In order to support her claims, Armstrong has assembled and assessed an impressive number of texts. Her bibliography, for example, includes 30 manuscript sources, 130 printed sources before 1700, 59 printed... in which the text was reproduced?; (2) ?the cost and means of production?; (3) the choice authors made ?to distribute their texts in England and in the colonies,? even after the establishment of the first printing press in America in 1638; and (4) ?the...

  5. area north tan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent 453 University of North...

  6. A Lower Ordovician sponge/algal facies in the southern United States and its counterparts elsewhere in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alberstadt, L. (Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (USA)); Repetski, J.E. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (USA))

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsurface Ordovician rocks in the Black Warrior Basin, Mississippi Embayment, and the eastern part of the Arkoma Basin reflect a different depositional history than coeval rocks exposed in the Nashville Basin, Ozark Dome, and southern Appalachians. The succession consists of four informal lithologic units. From top to bottom these are: (1) Stones River limestones, (2) upper dolostone, (3) sponge/algal limestones characterized by the presence of Nuia, and (4) lower dolostone. Of these, the sponge/algal limestone unit is the most atypical. It has a conspicuous biotic assemblage which can be recognized petrographically in well cuttings. The diagnostic fossil allochems are: sponges, sponge spicules, Nuia, Girvanella, and Sphaerocodium. Conodonts from the sponge/algal limestones are probably entirely Early Ordovician (Canadian) and include cold- and deep-water species found in the North Atlantic Province, whereas those in the overlying dolostones represent exclusively warm-water, shelf environments. The conodonts in the Black Warrior Basin suggest that an unconformity between Lower and Middle Ordovician carbonates (Knox unconformity) does not exist in much of that region. The sponge/algal limestones represent a different facies than their coeval shelf rocks in the interior of the continent. The limestone contains a distinctive biotic assemblage recognized in Lower Ordovician rocks in Newfoundland, in the Arbuckle and Wichita mountains of Oklahoma, in West Texas, and in the Great Basin of Nevada and Utah.

  7. Trade Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas A.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an otherwise insightful and thoughtful article, Sebastian Pfotenhauer (Trade Policy Is Science Policy,” Issues, Fall 2013) might better have entitled his contribution “Trade Policy Needs to Be Reconciled with Science ...

  8. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Analysis of a Wind Farm in Nantucket Sound. BeaconP. and Mueller, A. (2010) Wind Farm Announcements and RuralProposed Rail Splitter Wind Farm. Prepared for Hinshaw &

  9. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Opinion About Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors.Delaware Opinion on Offshore Wind Power - Interim Report.

  10. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Opinion About Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors.Delaware Opinion on Offshore Wind Power - Interim Report.Newark, DE. 16 pages. Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) (

  11. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. and Mueller, A. (2010) Wind Farm Announcements and RuralProposed Rail Splitter Wind Farm. Prepared for Hinshaw &Economic Analysis of a Wind Farm in Nantucket Sound. Beacon

  12. america fy08 activities: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in North America from long-term records of the advanced very high resolution radiometer Geosciences Websites Summary: Interannual changes of active fire detectability in...

  13. america industrialized housing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent 39 Besting the tract...

  14. Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words Published: June 13, 2005 Back in 1993, Vice President Al Gore went on prime-time television to debate Ross Perot, a foe of free trade, in a clash Mr. Gore is widely believed to have won. The debate helped propel supporters of the North American Free Trade

  15. North American LNG Project Sourcebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report provides a status of the development of LNG Import Terminal projects in North America, and includes 1-2 page profiles of 63 LNG projects in North America which are either in operation, under construction, or under development. For each project, the sourcebook provides information on the following elements: project description, project ownership, project status, projected operation date, storage capacity, sendout capacity, and pipeline interconnection.

  16. Improving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North America QUEST 2012 INTERNATIONAL green building a standard practice throughout North America. · In 2011, the CEC formed the Trilateral Green Building Task Force, comprising North American leaders from the green building industry

  17. Heterogeneity and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costinot, Arnaud

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s ), and, because of free trade in …nal goods, factor price2007], Wealth Heterogeneity and Trade, mimeo Uni- versity ofTheory of International Trade, Cambridge University Press. [

  18. Trade and institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahakitsiri, Doungdao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    xi Chapter 1 Trade, Wage Premia and Labor1.2.2 Thailand: trade policy and labor market . . . . . 1.33.4 Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions . . . . . . .

  19. Numerical Comparative Competition Law: Effects of Competition Law Structures on Competition Intensity Perceptions in Latin America and the Caribbean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Márquez, Pablo

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A View from the Caribbean' (2004) Journal of World Trade Seein Latin America and the Caribbean (Preliminary version andon Latin America and the Caribbean and to determine if there

  20. aboriginal north americans: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent 11 RESOURCE SELECTION...

  1. annual north american: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent 19 RESOURCE SELECTION...

  2. America's Pesticides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Elton

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DDT (top) was America's poisnons pes- ticicefor years.our health. The infamous DDT began to raise health concernsand another decade before DDT was completely banned in the

  3. Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas report, published today, is a Congressionally-requested study examining the energy trends and developments in the Americas over the past decade. The report focuses on liquid fuels and natural gas—particularly reserves and resources, production, consumption, trade, and investment—given their scale and significance to the region.

  4. Growing Brazilian demand to spur gas network in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deffarges, E.H. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Maurer, L.I.A. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

    1993-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent combination in South America of economic and geopolitical factors is prompting development of a new integrated gas-pipeline network in the continent's Southern Cone. The crucial factors include privatization, regional integration, economic growth, and environmental concerns. The area, Latin America's largest regional entity, includes Brazil (population 150 million and a 1990 GNP of about $375 billion, 9th largest in the world), Argentina (population 32 million and the third largest Latin American economy after Brazil and Mexico), Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay are members of the MercoSur economic bloc whose objective is to develop free trade in the region. There are very few integrated pipeline networks in the world. Besides the giant North American system, with hundreds of producers and pipelines, there is only one other large integrated network. It connects continental European countries to their outside suppliers such as Norway, the C.I.S., and Algeria. The emergence of a new pipeline system is therefore important for the natural-gas industry worldwide and even more so if it occurs in a region now growing rapidly after a decade of economic difficulties.

  5. Chlorine-36 in Water, Snow, and Mid-Latitude Glacial Ice of North America: Meteoric and Weapons-Tests Production in the Vicinity of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. DeWayne; J. R. Green (USGS); S. Vogt, P. Sharma (Purdue University); S. K. Frape (University of Waterloo); S. N. Davis (University of Arizona); G. L. Cottrell (USGS)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of chlorine-36 (36Cl) were made for 64 water, snow, and glacial-ice and -runoff samples to determine the meteoric and weapons-tests-produced concentrations and fluxes of this radionuclide at mid-latitudes in North America. The results will facilitate the use of 36Cl as a hydrogeologic tracer at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). This information was used to estimate meteoric and weapons-tests contributions of this nuclide to environmental inventories at and near the INEEL. The data presented in this report suggest a meteoric source 36Cl for environmental samples collected in southeastern Idaho and western Wyoming if the concentration is less than 1 x 10 7 atoms/L. Additionally, concentrations in water, snow, or glacial ice between 1 x 10 7 and 1 x 10 8 atoms/L may be indicative of a weapons-tests component from peak 36Cl production in the late 1950s. Chlorine-36 concentrations between 1 x 10 8 and 1 x 10 9 atoms/L may be representative of re-suspension of weapons-tests fallout airborne disposal of 36Cl from the INTEC, or evapotranspiration. It was concluded from the water, snow, and glacial data presented here that concentrations of 36Cl measured in environmental samples at the INEEL larger than 1 x 10 9 atoms/L can be attributed to waste-disposal practices.

  6. A quantitative analysis of the effects of tariff and non-tariff barriers on U.S. - Mexico poultry trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magana Lemus, David

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the inception of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, tariff restriction to U.S. poultry products entering the Mexican market has decreased significantly. While poultry trade from the U.S. to Mexico has increased...

  7. NAFTA, Trade, and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blecker, Robert A.; Esquivel, Gerardo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    many reasons why expanded trade with Mexico and efforts toin the U.S. interest. First, trade with Mexico is more of afor the United States than trade with most Asian countries.

  8. Essays in international trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romalis, John

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

  9. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  10. Proposed Trade Agreements Would Make Policy Implications of Environmental Research Entirely Irrelevant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proposed Trade Agreements Would Make Policy Implications of Environmental Research Entirely. That threat, unfortu- nately, appears very real at the moment, because of several trade partnership agreements that are being negotiated secretly.1,2 Inspired by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1994

  11. Fatal land: war, empire, and the Highland soldier in British America, 1756-1783 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dziennik, Matthew

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the experiences and impacts of the deployment of Highland soldiers to North America in the mid to late-eighteenth century. Between 1756 and 1783, Britain sent ten Highland battalions to the North ...

  12. Ann Reg Sci (2002) 36:483495 North American economic integration and industrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    and industrial pollution in North America has focused on the US-Mexico border region. Little attention, howeverAnn Reg Sci (2002) 36:483­495 North American economic integration and industrial pollution integration within North America on industrial pollution intensities within the Great Lake states

  13. Mitochondrial DNA-Based Phylogeography of North American Rubber Boas, Charina bottae (Serpentes: Boidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Javier A.

    Mitochondrial DNA-Based Phylogeography of North American Rubber Boas, Charina bottae (Serpentes the phylogeography of Charina bottae (rubber boa) in western North America, with an emphasis on populations from). Charina bottae (rubber boa) is widespread in west- ern North America, ranging from southwestern Can- ada

  14. SCENARIOS FOR DEEP CARBON EMISSION REDUCTIONS FROM ELECTRICITY BY 2050 IN WESTERN NORTH AMERICA USING THE SWITCH ELECTRIC POWER SECTOR PLANNING MODEL California's Carbon Challenge Phase II Volume II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collaboration / University of California, Berkeley; Nelson, James; Mileva, Ana; Johnston, Josiah; Kammen, Daniel; Wei, Max; Greenblatt, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study used a state-of-the-art planning model called SWITCH for the electric power system to investigate the evolution of the power systems of California and western North America from present-day to 2050 in the context of deep decarbonization of the economy. Researchers concluded that drastic power system carbon emission reductions were feasible by 2050 under a wide range of possible futures. The average cost of power in 2050 would range between $149 to $232 per megawatt hour across scenarios, a 21 to 88 percent increase relative to a business-as-usual scenario, and a 38 to 115 percent increase relative to the present-day cost of power. The power system would need to undergo sweeping change to rapidly decarbonize. Between present-day and 2030 the evolution of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council power system was dominated by implementing aggressive energy efficiency measures, installing renewable energy and gas-fired generation facilities and retiring coal-fired generation. Deploying wind, solar and geothermal power in the 2040 timeframe reduced power system emissions by displacing gas-fired generation. This trend continued for wind and solar in the 2050 timeframe but was accompanied by large amounts of new storage and long-distance high-voltage transmission capacity. Electricity storage was used primarily to move solar energy from the daytime into the night to charge electric vehicles and meet demand from electrified heating. Transmission capacity over the California border increased by 40 - 220 percent by 2050, implying that transmission siting, permitting, and regional cooperation will become increasingly important. California remained a net electricity importer in all scenarios investigated. Wind and solar power were key elements in power system decarbonization in 2050 if no new nuclear capacity was built. The amount of installed gas capacity remained relatively constant between present-day and 2050, although carbon capture and sequestration was installed on some gas plants by 2050.

  15. From upstream to downstream: Megatrends and latest developments in Latin America`s hydrocarbons sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Kang; Pezeshki, S.; McMahon, J.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, Latin America`s hydrocarbons sector has been characterized by reorganization, revitalization, regional cooperation, environmental awakening, and steady expansion. The pattern of these changes, which appear to be the megatrends of the region`s hydrocarbons sector development, will continue during the rest of the 1990s. To further study the current situation and future prospects of Latin America`s hydrocarbons sector, we critically summarize in this short article the key issues in the region`s oil and gas development. These megatrends in Latin America`s hydrocarbons sector development will impact not only the future energy demand and supply in the region, but also global oil flows in the North American market and across the Pacific Ocean. Each country is individually discussed; pipelines to be constructed are discussed also.

  16. TRADE COSTS AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE IN CROP AGRICULTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    TRADE COSTS AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE IN CROP AGRICULTURE JEFFREY J. REIMER AND MAN LI We develop trade, and the elasticity of trade volumes to trade costs. The distribution of the gains from trade the extent by which changes in one country are transmitted to others. Key words: geography, grains, trade

  17. americas grand strategy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forum de Scientifiques Alg eriens Aug. 10-15,1994 Hassan At-Kaci Technology Transfer in North America US National Laboratories 9. They consume 10 billionyears and employ...

  18. North Central Elec Coop, Inc (North Dakota) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorth Carolina MunNorth

  19. North American Cross-Border

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sourced steam coal burnt in power plants in the northeastern portion of the United States. As coal mining of electrical power from Canada appears to have little impact on the production of steam coal in VirginiaNorth American Cross-Border Electricity Trade Ian M. Loomis Virginia Center for Coal and Energy

  20. Building America Webinar: Building America Research Tools | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Research Tools Building America Webinar: Building America Research Tools This webinar was held on March 18, 2015, and reviewed Building America research tools,...

  1. Emissions Trading and Social Justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    David  M.  Driesen,  Does  Emissions  Trading  Encourage  Jason  Coburn,  Emissions  Trading   and   Environmental  Szambelan,  U.S.  Emissions  Trading  Markets  for  SO 2  

  2. NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES TRADE BOOMS, TRADE BUSTS, AND TRADE COSTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES TRADE BOOMS, TRADE BUSTS, AND TRADE COSTS David S. Jacks Christopher M Nottingham GEP Trade Costs Conference. Finally, Jacks gratefully acknowledges the Social Sciences that full credit, including © notice, is given to the source. #12;Trade Booms, Trade Busts, and Trade Costs

  3. Building America Performance Analysis Procedures: Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.; Anderson, R.; Judkoff, R.; Christensen, C.; Eastment, M.; Norton, P.; Reeves, P.; Hancock, E.

    2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To measure progress toward multi-year Building America research goals, cost and performance trade-offs are evaluated through a series of controlled field and laboratory experiments supported by energy analysis techniques that use test data to''calibrate'' energy simulation models. This report summarizes the guidelines for reporting such analytical results using the Building America Research Benchmark (Version 3.1) in studies that also include consideration of current Regional and Builder Standard Practice. Version 3.1 of the Benchmark is generally consistent with the 1999 Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Reference Home, with additions that allow evaluation of all home energy uses.

  4. Nissan North America, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    facility in Decherd, Tennessee. Innovation The Nissan LEAF vehicle has a zero-emission, all-electric powertrain, which improves fuel economy over internal combustion engine...

  5. Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Combustion Control ECU ECU ECU Fuel Injectors Fuel Fuel Injectors Injectors EGR EGR EGR Turbo Turbo Turbo 6.6L V-8 6.6L V-8 Cylinder Pressure Sensor Cylinder Pressure Sensor NO X...

  6. Later Tertiary Leporidae of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, M. R.

    1958-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the half-bound or leaping gallop of leporids. The postcranial skeleton in primitive leporids was probably more flexible laterally than in later le- ponds, which are specialized for anteroposterior movement. A few leporids departed from the main line... 20, 1873. Type specimen.—Part of left lower jaw having broken incisor, P3 -M3 , A.M.N.H. No. 5635, Oreodon beds, Cedar Creek, Colorado. Geologic age and distribution. Orellan (middle Oligocene) and probably Whitneyan (late Oligocene) of Great Plains...

  7. Sanyo North America Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:RoscommonSBYSaltonSprings, California:Santon GmbH JumpElectric

  8. Volvo Trucks North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global EnergyUtility RateVirginia/WindCounty, California |

  9. LED North America - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,s - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9LDRD, What doesLED

  10. RES North America LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:b < RAPID‎RBIRENERCO RenewableRES

  11. Schott North America Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir Jump to: navigation,Delta Jumpmapping

  12. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  13. Fuel Cells in America 2012 September 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Hydrogen Database and North Carolina Solar Center's Database of State Incentives for RenewablesFuel Cells in America 2012 State OF THE States September 2012 #12;i Authors and Acknowledgements.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program. About

  14. Rethinking America’s Illegal Drug Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donohue III, John J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. “The Market for Illegal Goods: The Case of Drugs. ”Informing America’s Policy on Illegal Drugs: What We Don’tViewpoints. Should Illegal Drugs Be Decriminalized? ” In

  15. Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trade theory that foreign trade expands less schooling-conclusion of the ?rst wave of trade reforms between 1991stable both before and after trade liberalization. Between

  16. Trade Secrets.PDF

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS INSPECTION OF THE LICENSING OF TRADE SECRETS BY SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES MARCH 2002 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY...

  17. AHEC MEXICO / LATIN AMERICA MARKET REPORT August -September, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AHEC MEXICO / LATIN AMERICA MARKET REPORT August - September, 2004 AMERICAN HARDWOOD EXPORT COUNCIL US Agricultural Trade Office Jaime Balmes No.8, Piso 2 Col. Los Morales Polanco 11510 Mexico, D.F., Mexico TEL: +(52) 55 5282-0909 FAX: +(52) 55 5282-0919 e-mail: ahecmx@infosel.net.mx 1 #12;AHEC Mexico

  18. The peltry trade of Louisiane to 1763: a study in comparative archaeology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jeffrey Lee

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Axes. . . . . . . 31. Summary of Quality of Fit of Columns for Two Axes. . . . . . 227 . . . . 228 32. Row Scores. . . . 228 33. Column Scores. 229 INTRODUCTION The principal product of the North American peltry trade was the beaver skin. A... decline of the European beaver after 1600 provided a major incentive for this trade. During the first half of the 18th-century, this trade also included deer, bison, bear, moose, elk, wolf, fox, martin, mink, fisher, skunk, sable, muskrat, raccoon...

  19. AgFoodTradeAgFoodTrade New Issues in Agricultural,New Issues in Agricultural,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AgFoodTradeAgFoodTrade New Issues in Agricultural,New Issues in Agricultural, Food & Bioenergy TradeFood & Bioenergy Trade AgFoodTradeAgFoodTrade New Issues in Agricultural,New Issues in Agricultural, Food & Bioenergy TradeFood & Bioenergy Trade AgFoodTradeAgFoodTrade New Issues in Agricultural

  20. Regulatory Entry Barriers and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobal, Martin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic International trade policy for oligopolisticquality, and international trade, 2009. [8] R.C. Feenstra,Market structure and foreign trade . [17] P.R. Lane and G.M.

  1. Water Quality Trading Program (Ohio)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Water quality trading is a tool for achieving water quality improvements. Under the right circumstances, trading has the potential to yield both environmental and economic benefits, while...

  2. Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results December 17, 2014 3:00PM to...

  3. The growth of the coal trade: an overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief overview is given of the growth of the seaborne coal industry, primarily in North America. Major consumers of the future are expected to be electric utilities, steel and cement industries in Europe and Japan. Projected coal consumption data and coal imports of European Economic Community to year 2000 are presented in tables. (JMT)

  4. Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wage, Kathleen

    Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean Kathleen E. Wage, Matthew A and the Acoustical Society of America. #12;Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean Kathleen E Thermometry of Ocean Climate ATOC and Alternate Source Test AST experiments. Vertical line arrays at Hawaii

  5. Tough Choices: Determinants of Senator's Trade Votes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, John; Brinegar, Adam; Kramer, Claire; Merolla, Jennifer

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Guide to the Politics of Trade and Foreign Investment.Destler, I.M. 1986. American Trade Politics: System UnderP. Quinn. 1994. “Free Trade, Fair Trade, Strategic Trade,

  6. North Shore Solar & Windpower | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorthNorthNorthNorth

  7. An investigation of rainfall patterns in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gramzow, Richard Haven

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Panama. The area lies between 7 north latitude and 16 o 0 north latitude and is bounded on the east by the 78 west longitude line and on the west by the 90 west longitude line. An agricultural economy prevails thoughout most of the area. Bananas... may occur when adequate data are not available. CHAPTER II COHTROL IHFORMATIOH Climatic Controls The topography of Central America has a great effect on the rainfall of the area. High mountains and plateaus extend from western Panama...

  8. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.2 The Value Added Content of Trade . . . . . 1.33.4 Trade Costs over Time . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5One . . . . . . . . . .Sharing and Trade in 2 Augmented

  9. Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoversten, Shanna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System GHG: Greenstarts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similarGovernments operating emissions trading systems face the

  10. Corporate governance and insider trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozanov, Konstantin A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I investigate the relation between corporate governance and insider trading by corporate executives. Despite the general view that trade on non-public information adversely affects capital market participants, the impact ...

  11. Essays on trade, CO?, and the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Joseph S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first chapter of this thesis uses a general equilibrium model of trade and the environment to investigate two questions. First, how do the gains from trade compare against the environmental costs of trade? Trade can ...

  12. The Illegal Timber Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Illegal Timber Trade: The Problem & Potential Solutions Presentation for World Bank Workshop@earthsight.org.uk #12;Some of the largest bilateral Illegal timber flows*: By volume (rwe): 1. Logs Russia ­ China 12/Sawn Burma ­ China 1.6 mill m3 (until 2005) Timber vs Processed Products Illegally Sourced vs Illegally

  13. What is Building America?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE's Building America program is helping to bridge the gap between homes with high energy costs and homes that are healthy, durable, and energy efficient.

  14. What is Building America?

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE's Building America program is helping to bridge the gap between homes with high energy costs and homes that are healthy, durable, and energy efficient.

  15. WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH THIS REPORT IS A GENERAL ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD ' S PRO- DUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL. IN 1959- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

  16. WORKFLOW SIMULATION FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomborson, Clark

    WORKFLOW SIMULATION FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE Qiang Dong Supervised by Professor Clark Thomborson's competitive world. International trade has received some academic attention as an application of Business Process Reengineering. A major issue in international trade is due to problems pertaining to mutual

  17. Building America Solution Center - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    America Top Innovation SCimagemale.jpg The Building America Solution Center is a Web-based tool connecting users to fast, free, and expert building science and energy...

  18. Building America Webinar: Building America Technology-to-Market...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    introduced the integrated Building America Technology-to-Market Roadmaps that will serve as a guide for Building America's research, development, and demonstration activities over...

  19. Optimal(Estimation(of(North(American(Methane( Emissions(using(GOSAT(data:(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    /Gas Waste Coal 0 5 10 15 20 Wetlands Livestock Oil/Gas Landfills Coal North America Global #12;Satellites'Inversion' !Main Features ! Canadian wetlands ! Los Angeles ! South-Central US ! Mexico City !Large regions

  20. North East Mississippi E P A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorthNorth ChinaNorth

  1. North Itasca Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorthNorthNorth Itasca

  2. North Plains Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorthNorthNorth

  3. A Database of Lotic Invertebrate Traits for North By Nicole K. M. Vieira, N. LeRoy Poff, Daren M. Carlisle, Stephen R. Moulton II, Marci L. Koski,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poff, N. LeRoy

    A Database of Lotic Invertebrate Traits for North America By Nicole K. M. Vieira, N. LeRoy Poff, Boris C., 2006, A database of lotic invertebrate traits for North America: U.S. Geological Survey Data ........................................................................................................................................3 Selecting traits for the database

  4. 2007 Solar America Cities Awards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This factsheet gives an overview of the Solar America Cities Awards and the Solar America Initiative (SAI). A map of all SAI projects is also made available.

  5. International Trade of Biofuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the production and trade of biofuels has increased to meet global demand for renewable fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel contribute much of this trade because they are the most established biofuels. Their growth has been aided through a variety of policies, especially in the European Union, Brazil, and the United States, but ethanol trade and production have faced more targeted policies and tariffs than biodiesel. This fact sheet contains a summary of the trade of biofuels among nations, including historical data on production, consumption, and trade.

  6. Mycologia, 96(6), 2004, pp. 13301338. 2004 by The Mycological Society of America, Lawrence, KS 66044-8897

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    temperate regions of North America. Sequences from internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rDNA were, he noted that ``overlapping dimensions of spores and spore walls in Canadian willow rusts make

  7. Sikkim and Himalayan Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Jahar

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lama. 6 The merchandise imported from Sikkim to Darjeeling, as the report indicated, consisted of horses, cattle including sheep and goats. blankets. salt. musk. wax, ghee, oranges. millet, rice, lime and 11 copper. The imports in 1863 were nearly... would be exported to Sikkim and Tibet replacing brick tea imported from Lhasa and China. Trade was conducted in four routes in Sikkim : two via Namchee and Chadam to the Great Rangeet and two via Zeeme to Goke and Tramduc to Colbong. The Tibetan...

  8. 1 | Building America eere.energy.gov DOE's Building America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 | Building America eere.energy.gov DOE's Building America Low-E Storm Window Adoption Program Working Group #12;2 | Building America eere.energy.gov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory · Katie Cort, Larson Manufacturing Company Key Staff #12;3 | Building America eere.energy.gov Problem · Windows account

  9. North Associated Power Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market HomesourceNorth

  10. North Carolina Solar Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorth Carolina Mun

  11. NorthWestern Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling FluidsNorth Western Elec Coop,

  12. NorthWestern Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling FluidsNorth Western Elec

  13. The New Political Economy of Trade : : Heterogeneous Firms and Trade Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plouffe, Michael

    Lobbying on Global Trade. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Roots of American Trade Policy. ’ World Politics 49.3. 309-The Politics of Foreign Trade. Chicago: Aldine- Atherton,

  14. Trade Productivity Upgrading, Trade Fragmentation, and FDI in Manufacturing: The Asian Development Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar; Mora, Jesse

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wang. “How Vertically Specialized is Chinese Trade? ” U.S.International Trade Commission, Office of Economics WorkingDecomposing China-Japan-U.S. Trade: Vertical Specialization,

  15. ELECTORAL BARRIERS TO TRADE:Measuring the Effects of Income and Political Participation on Trade Openness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boussalis, Constantine

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    preferences for "open" or "protectionist" trade policies. Aseconomic consequences of free trade rise, those The authorsA Guide to Measures of Trade Policy and Openness", presented

  16. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA105 FERC 61,307 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    UNITED STATES OF AMERICA105 FERC ¶ 61,307 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION Before Commissioners manipulated short-term prices for electric energy or natural gas in the West or otherwise exercised undue investigatory agencies, including the Department of Justice, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission

  17. Latin America/Caribbean and Asia/Pacific Economics and Business Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Latin America/Caribbean and Asia/Pacific Economics and Business Association An initiative, Sciences-Po Sam Laird, UNCTAD PRESENTED AT THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION ANNUAL and the Caribbean (INTAL) Asian Development Bank ADB Institute #12;WORKING PAPER SERIES No.7 December 2002 Trade

  18. Ecology, 92(12), 2011, pp. 21592166 2011 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Reports Ecology, 92(12), 2011, pp. 2159­2166 Ó 2011 by the Ecological Society of America plant parasites is widespread. Yet, understanding the ecological determinants of evolutionary divergence such a trade-off has been reported, this study provides further ecological bases for the coexistence of closely

  19. Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufts University

    Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia: Capital Controls and the US-Colombia Trade Agreement@bu.edu #12;Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia: Capital Controls and the US-Colombia Trade Agreement SerieBrief # 66 | Abril 2011 Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia: Capital Controls and the US-Colombia

  20. Building America Report Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    January 27 and 28, 2014 Denver, Colorado Prepared for The U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Prepared by Sam...

  1. Muslim Leadership in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mobeen, Noor 1982-

    2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Leadership has been a foundational component of any society, religion, culture, and human development. The purpose of this study was six fold: to examine the concept of leadership in Muslim communities in America, to observe the first...

  2. WORKING PAPER N 2008 -52 Trade in services and trade in goods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    WORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 52 Trade in services and trade in goods: Differences and complementarities Carolina Lennon JEL Codes: F12, F15, L8 Keywords: International trade in services, trade in goods, gravity ­ ÉCOLE NORMALE SUPÉRIEURE halshs-00586223,version1-15Apr2011 #12;Trade in Services and Trade in Goods

  3. Tools of the Trade: The Socio-Technology of Arbitrage in a Wall Street Trading Room

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Tools of the Trade: The Socio-Technology of Arbitrage in a Wall Street Trading Room Daniel Beunza at the Santa Fe Institute. #12;2 Tools of the Trade: The Socio-Technology of Arbitrage in a Wall Street Trading of trading in the era of quantitative finance. To do so, we conduct an ethnography of arbitrage, the trading

  4. Essays on International Finance and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Li

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobility,” in Brookings Trade Forum: 2001, ed. by Susan M.745–75. _______, 1994, “Dynamics of the Trade Balance andthe Terms of Trade: The J-Curve? ” American Economic Review,

  5. Trade Liberalization And Poverty Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trade Liberalization And Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara COELLO World Bank Madior-28Mar2014 #12;1 Trade liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara Coello, the World liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Abstract This paper shows the evolution of poverty

  6. A summary of North American HVDC converter station reliability specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vancers, I. (ABB Power Systems Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Hormozi, F.J. (Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States))

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) specifications that were issued for thyristor based HVDC converter stations in service in North America. A total of twenty project specifications are summarized. A detailed summary by project is shown with specific quantitative requirements categorized. Definitions of terms, representative design principles, and formulas used in calculating RAM parameters contained in existing reliability specifications are presented.

  7. Circulation of North American epicontinental seas during the Carboniferous using stable isotope and trace element analyses of brachiopod shells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flake, Ryan Christopher

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of North America. These units include the Grove Church and Mattoon Formations (Illinois Basin), Glenshaw Formation (Appalachian Basin), Bird Spring Formation (Bird Spring Basin), and Oread Formation (US midcontinent). In all, 98 brachiopod shells were found...

  8. 90E 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 0 30 60 SOUTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GREENLAND EUROPE AFRICA SOUTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA ASIA AUSTRALIA ANTARCTICA INDIAN OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN Reentry cone use 126/793B 127/797C 210/1276A,B 45/395A 127/794C PACIFIC OCEAN #12; ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN 44/390A 86/577,A,B 113/689B 113/690C 119/738C 120/750A 121/752B 122/761C 122

  9. North Carolina Eastern M P A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market HomesourceNorthNorth

  10. North Central Power Co Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorth CarolinaNorth

  11. North China Electric Power University Beijing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorthNorth China

  12. North Georgia Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorthNorth

  13. Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Presentation on Hydrogen...

  14. Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Papers Year 2012 Paper 1126 Green Industrial Policy: Trade© 2012 by author(s). Green Industrial Policy: Trade andreality and the potential for green indus- trial policy. We

  15. Building America Webinar: Building America Technology-to-Market...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7, 2015 3:00PM to 4:30PM EDT This free webinar will introduce the integrated Building America Technology-to-Market Roadmaps that will serve as a guide for Building America's...

  16. Solar America Cities Awards: Solar America Initiative Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Solar America Cities activities within the Solar America Initiative and lists the 25 cities that have received financial awards from the U.S. Department of Energy.

  17. Building America Webinar: Building America Technology-to-Market Roadmaps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar introduced the integrated Building America Technology-to-Market Roadmaps that will serve as a guide for Building America’s research, development, and demonstration activities over the coming years and result in an integrated Building America Research-to-Market Plan in 2015. This webinar is intended to be an informative session to assist stakeholders in providing review and comment to the Request for Information that will be issued regarding these Roadmaps.

  18. Endogenous trade protection under regional trade agreements: the Andean case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez Bizot, Gustavo

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Endogenous tariff formation has been the subject of theoretical studies that attempt to determine the fundamental economic variables that influence the structure of industry protection implemented by international trade policy makers. An empirical...

  19. Replicating the carry trade through an exchange traded fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Jonathan (Jonathan W.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is an overarching belief that the carry trade is a simple investment strategy based on the popular mantra of buying low and selling high. However, in reality, there are several factors that need to be taken into ...

  20. United States Trade and Foreign Labor Interests: The Effects on Foreign Labor of Linking Trade with Labor Provisions in Bilateral U.S. Free Trade Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soleimani, Jonathan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Daniel K. "The End of the Big Trade Deal." The International2004. Ibid. Sandra Polaski, “Trade and Labor Standards: Afor International Peace: Trade, Equity, and Development

  1. Technology Trade and NAFTA Walter G. Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Technology Trade and NAFTA Walter G. Park Associate Professor Department of Economics American technology trade among member countries relative to their trade with the rest of the world. However, the extent and scope of technology trade varies by member countries. Mexico, for instance, is a recipient

  2. Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC Vivian Hoffman, J Chisholm I. Introduction The GVRD environmental objectives are achieved. Emissions reduction credit trading (or emissions trading) is an example Valley (LFV). Section III describes the market-based instruments of emissions trading and facility

  3. Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIT CEEEPR Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Emissions Trading for Energy and Environmental Policy Research #12;MIT CEEEPR Two Types of Air Emissions Trading · Credit- · OTC/SIP-Call NOx Budget Programs: 1999- · EU's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme: 2005- ­ The first CO2

  4. Oil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    of oil and gas. #12;9 Trading tactics · ARBITRAGE: trade the dislocation of prices between geographicalOil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013 #12;2 What does IST do? Imports crude oil and other Markets BP's equity crude oil, NGLs and natural gas Generates entrepreneurial trading income Manages BP

  5. The Value of Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Mort David.

    This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

  6. NAIHC Convention and Trade Show

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHC) most longstanding Annual Event, the 39th Annual NAIHC Convention and Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about tribal housing, attend...

  7. Securities trading of concepts (STOC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahan, Ely

    Identifying winning new product concepts can be a challenging process that requires insight into private consumer preferences. To measure consumer preferences for new product concepts, the authors apply a “securities trading ...

  8. Applying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Applying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela CHEPTEA, Alexandre to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela CHEPTEA INRA, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes, France, France Financial support received by the "New Issues in Agricultural, Food and Bio-energy Trade

  9. P-Trade the Generic P2P Trading Platform Foundations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    P-Trade ­ the Generic P2P Trading Platform Foundations · Auctions are negotiation mechanisms configuration depends on multiple factors like traded good, participants, information available on the value of the traded good, etc. The system architecture of P-Trade · A central auction name server (ANS) containing

  10. Asia-Pacific Trade Economists' Conference Trade-Led Growth in Times of Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Asia-Pacific Trade Economists' Conference Trade-Led Growth in Times of Crisis The World Trade session 2: The Crisis: A Catalyst for More Coherent Trade Policies and Inclusive Growth? Author: Patrick A or carrying the endorsement of the United Nations. #12;1 Policy Brief October 26, 2009 The World Trade Regime

  11. STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DE NORA, NORTH AMERICA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will lead to broader use of fuel cell technologies, which will result in better air quality and lowered dependence on unstable overseas oil supplies. The cooperative...

  12. Carboniferous and Permian Bactritoidea (Cephalopoda) in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mapes, Royal H.

    1979-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Delaware Creek Mem- ber, Caney Formation (?lower Chesterian). The label reads "E. side of Highway 48, sec. 1, T.2 N., R.6 E., Pontotoc County, Okla- homa." This section is bordered by Hwy. 99, not by Hwy. 48. There is a locality at the SW1/4NW 1/4NW 1... of Oklahoma, and the locality is given as "South of Ada, Oklahoma." (Reference: Girty, 1909.) 13 6 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions •M-15.—Sand Branch Member, Caney Formation (middle Chesterian). Shale outcrop with fossiliferous...

  13. Regulatory Policy and Markets for Energy Storage in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The last 5 years have been one of the most exciting times for the energy storage industry. We have seen significant advancements in the regulatory process to make accommodations for valuing and monetizing energy storage for what it provides to the grid. The most impactful regulatory decision for the energy storage industry has come from California, where the California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision that mandates procurement requirements of 1.325 GW for energy storage to 3 investor-own utilities in 4 stages: in 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020. Furthermore, at the Federal level, FERC’s Order 755, requires the transmission operators to develop pay for performance tariffs for ancillary services. This has had direct impact on the market design of US competitive wholesale markets and the monetization of fast responding grid assets. While this order is technology neutral, it clearly plays into the fast-responding capability of energy storage technologies. Today PJM, CAISO, MISO, NYISO, and NE-ISO have implemented Order 755 and offer new tariff for regulation services based on pay-for-performance principles. Furthermore, FERC Order 784, issued in July 2013 requires transmission providers to consider speed and accuracy in determining the requirements for ancillary services. In November 2013, FERC issued Order 972, which revises the small generator interconnection agreement which declares energy storage as a power source. This order puts energy storage on par with existing generators. This paper will discuss the implementation of FERC’s Pay for Performance Regulation order at all ISOs in the U.S. under FERC regulatory authority (this excludes ERCOT). Also discussed will be the market impacts and overall impacts on the NERC regulation performance indexes. The paper will end with a discussion on the California and Ontario, Canada procurement mandates and the opportunity that it may present to the energy storage industry.

  14. The tribe Acanthocinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of America north of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillon, Lawrence S.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , "May 22, 193U and September 10, 1933 (S.E. Jones) pPg-a t Remarks: From the other species with biannulated basal antennal segments, this form is distinguished by the following combinations of characters: Pubescence above generally light brownish... as they are found to be entirely extraterritorial. 10 Key to Genera 1. Prosternal process one-half or more than half as wide as a pro- coxal cavity............................................. 2 Prosternal process less than half as wide as a procoxal cavity...10...

  15. Ridesharing in North America: Past, Present, and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Nelson D; Shaheen, Susan A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Susan A. Shaheen, Ph.D. Honda Distinguished Scholar inof California, Berkeley and the Honda Motor Company, through

  16. The Economics of Homelessness: The Evidence from North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.; Raphael, Steven

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health 89(9): 1334–8. Quigley, John M. , Steven Raphael and37–51. AR TIC L E S Quigley, John M. , Steven Raphael andFROM N OR TH A MERICA John M. Quigley and Steven Raphael AB

  17. Servicing North America: USA: One Omega Drive, Box 4047

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gellman, Andrew J.

    .1.2 Relay Output 7 3.2 Adjusting Setpoints 7 3.3 Adjusting Scan Time 7 SECTION 4 SERVICE INFORMATION 7 4.1 Maintenance 7 4.2 Test Procedure 7 4.2.1 Visual Inspection 7 4.2.2 Functional Observation 7 4.2.3 Calibration an alarm condi- tion; in the event of an alarm, scanning is halted and the relay de- energizes, until

  18. BULRUSHES AND BULRUSHLIKE PLANTS OF EASTERN NORTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    By Neil Hotchkiss, Wildlife Research Biologist Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Division of Wildlife spikelets 11-13 Saltmarsh Bulrush 12 Alkali Bulrush 12 River Bulrush 13 Plants with leafy, three, brackish, and salt bays and rivers from Nova Scotia to Texas. Bulrushes vary from a few inches high

  19. Government and Environmental Innovation in Europe and North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article challenges certain tenets of the theories of reflexive law and ecological modernization. While far-sighted prevention-oriented and structural changes are needed, some proponents of these theories argue that ...

  20. Department of Energy Announces Philips Lighting North America...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Product Delivers on Department's Challenge to Replace Common Light Bulb with Energy-Saving Lighting Alternative Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy today...

  1. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Non-OPEC*** 3,407 ***includes but not limited to Angola, Colombia, Russia, China, Norway and United Kingdom. 175.60 billion barrels U.S. PADD V 4.85 billion barrels U.S. PADD...

  2. Roadmap for sustainable water resources in southwestern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    water and remove wastewater. These systems have permitted agricultural production and urban technologies and management systems tobring adequatewaterandremove wastewater. Agricultural production has

  3. The Nature and Extent of Indian Agriculture in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodge, Faye

    1911-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occasions; yet they have neither bread, nor wine, nor s a l t , nor meat, nor vegetables, nor any other food usual in Europe. They content themselves with corn cooked in pure water or seasoned when possible with some f i sh or meat, fresh or smoked... of that region raised corn, beans, f r u i t s a lso used fiBh and bred poultry, some i r r i ga t i on was of this sort : Rain water was kept in l a rge tanks and d is t r ibuted over the f i e l d s by ditches. Lieutenant I ves v i s i ted the Moquis...

  4. From: Scott Daubert Thermadyne -Director of Quality Assurance, North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    to consumers. Effectively immediately, we ask that you STOP THE SALE AND DISTRIBUTION of the affected products labeled or distributed as a Thermadyne product): · 14.1 oz Propylene (black cylinder) · 14.1 oz MAP are NOT affected by this notice: · 14.1 oz propane (blue cylinder) · 1.4 oz oxygen (red cylinder) · 16.4 propane

  5. Increase in the Export of Alkalinity from North America's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkowitz, Alan R.

    be fluvially exported. The fluvial export of terrestrial alkalinity is also the major source of oceanic bicarbonate or car- bonate through the weathering of the parent rock material, and the hydrologic cycle trans delivery can alter the export rates of elements with a weathering source (4). It has recently been shown

  6. Ridesharing in North America: Past, Present, and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Nelson D; Shaheen, Susan A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5, 2011). OCD (1942) The Car Sharing Club Exchange and Self-Public experiences of car sharing London, UK: Department forphases: 1) World War II car-sharing (or carpooling) clubs;

  7. Carsharing in Europe and North America: Past, Present, and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , neighborhood groups, or large car-sharing businesses. While carsharing does not offer convenient access the benefits of car use while limiting costs is to create institutions for sharing vehicles. The principle activities, even routine ones, one might use a shared vehicle. The shared-car option has other customer

  8. Light-Duty Diesel Market Potential in North America

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Trends - Europe Specific Power (kWl) Future HSDI Diesel Engines Specific Power (hpl) Turbo Charged SI Engines 4V-SI Engines 80 60 20 0 40 100 60 20 0 40 80 2V-SI Engines 1930...

  9. Nested-grid simulation of mercury over North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coal combustion, waste incineration and gold mining (Streetsprofiles for waste incineration (22 % Hg(0), 78 % Hg(II)).

  10. The tribe Acanthocinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of America north of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillon, Lawrence S.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , p. 6,9; Syst. Ceramb., l861j., p. 3!?!?. Lacordaire, Gen. Col., IX, 1872, p. 7!?9, 762. Leng and Hamilton, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., XXIII, 1896, p. ll?. Lagochirus Erichson. LeConte, Smiths. Misc. Coll., XI (265) 1873, p. 337. Horn, Trans. Amer..., ....................... ....... .......................It Characteristics of the Tribe................ .............. .....? Morphological Features.......... ........................... . . . . 6 Phraseology.................................................... 9 Summary...

  11. Nested-grid simulation of mercury over North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemistry and Physics Nested-grid simulation of mercury overY. Zhang et al. : Nested-grid simulation of mercury overand Chen, S. -Y. : Plume-in-grid modeling of atmospheric

  12. Murdock and O'Leary: Ethnographic Bibliography of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heizer, Robert F

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Murdock and Timothy J. O'Leary. 4th ed. New Haven: Human Re-continuing research. Murdock, O'Leary, and their assistants

  13. EA-1678: Nissan North America, Inc., Advanced Technology Electric Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S.ContaminationJuly 2011D APPENDIX D9Construction andBerkeleyImpact

  14. Review of Current FFAG Lattice Studies in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, J. Scott; Plamer, Robert; Ruggiero, Alessandro; Trbojevic, Dejan; Keil, Eberhard; Johnstone, Carol; Sessler, Andrew; Koscielniak, Shane Rupert; Craddock, Michael

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been a revival of interest in the use of fixed field alternating gradient accelerators (FFAGs) for many applications, including muon accelerators, high-intensity proton sources, and medical applications. The original FFAGs, and those recently built in Japan, have been based on a so-called scaling FFAG design, for which tunes are constant and the behavior in phase space is independent of energy with the exception of a scaling factor. Activity in the US and Canada has instead mostly focused on nonscaling designs, which, while having the large energy acceptance that characterizes an FFAG, do not obey the scaling relations of the scaling FFAG. Most of these designs have been based on magnets with a linear midplane field profile. A great deal of analysis, both theoretically and numerically, has occurred on these designs, and they are very well understood at this point. Some more recent work has occurred on designs with a nonlinear field profile. Since no non-scaling FFAG has ever been built, there is interest in building a small model which would accelerate electrons and demonstrate our understanding of non-scaling FFAG design.

  15. Review of Current FFAG Lattice Studies in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M´ ot and S. Val´ ro, “Zgoubi Users’ Guide, Ver- e e sionhandling end ?elds, as does ZGOUBI [17], and both of these

  16. STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY NOVOZYMES NORTH AMERICA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    enzyme catalyst and an ultrasonic- enhanced regenerator in a re-circulating absorption-desorption process configuration . Novozymes is collaborating with the University of...

  17. North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter NewsletterGeneral

  18. Oak Ridge's EM Program Demolishes North America's Tallest Water Tower |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecember 23,Misc CasesOUO

  19. TOMORROW: Department of Energy to Announce Philips Lighting North America

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE'sSummaryDepartmentEnergyon MetalTO:9onWins L Prize

  20. OpenEI Community - North America Drilling Fluids

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHomeWrap-up courtesy5/0

  1. OpenEI Community - North America Drilling Fluids Market

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHomeWrap-up courtesy5/0

  2. Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E T A * SEnergyTemperatureDepartment of Energy

  3. Power North America RFI Comments | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1Department of60 DATE:AnnualDepartmentEnergyFunded byPowerPower

  4. Suez Energy Resources North America (New Jersey) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to: navigation, searchNew Jersey) Jump to: navigation, search

  5. Suez Renewable Energy North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to: navigation, searchNew Jersey) Jump to: navigation,

  6. Ecotality North America formerly eTec | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest, Illinois: EnergyEastport,de Nantes JumpEcosystem Japan Co

  7. Enel North America Utah Geothermal Working Group Meeting | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,Energy InformationEmily,EmpowerErelis formerly Erelis

  8. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandard |in STEMEnergyI.ofTrack 1 Track 2 Track 3SAVERSEnergy|

  9. Suez Energy Resources North America (District of Columbia) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By Fault Propagation And

  10. Suez Energy Resources North America (Massachusetts) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By Fault Propagation AndInformation Suez Energy

  11. Suez Energy Resources North America (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy DataEnergySudan:

  12. Suez Energy Resources North America (Delaware) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy DataEnergySudan:Suez

  13. Suez Energy Resources North America (Illinois) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy

  14. Suez Energy Resources North America (Maine) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home EnergySuez Energy Resources

  15. Suez Energy Resources North America (Maryland) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home EnergySuez Energy

  16. Suez Energy Resources North America (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home EnergySuez EnergySuez Energy

  17. Suez Energy Resources North America (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home EnergySuez EnergySuez

  18. Suez Energy Resources North America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home EnergySuez EnergySuezSuez

  19. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: FEV North America Inc. | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: SinceDevelopment | Department ofPartnershipsAngieTerriDepartment ofEnergyDuke EnergyEliof

  20. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Nissan North America, Inc. |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: SinceDevelopment | DepartmentDepartment of Energy Lewis & ClarkNetApp Workplace

  1. North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | DepartmentofEmerging TechnologiesSchools

  2. RegIntlElecTrade_Eng_final.PDF

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29,3, 2012 U.S. Department ofNorth America

  3. Building America Climate-Specific Guidance | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Building America Climate-Specific Guidance Building America Climate-Specific Guidance Building America Climate-Specific Guidance 2014 Housing Innovation...

  4. North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

  5. Coevolution of continental ice cover and permafrost extent over the last glacial-interglacial cycle in North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    in North America Lev Tarasov1 and W. R. Peltier2 Received 14 August 2006; revised 20 March 2007; accepted both the most intense growth and recession phases. Citation: Tarasov, L., and W. R. Peltier (2007 of ice sheets across the North American continent [e.g., Tarasov and Peltier, 1999; Marshall et al., 2000

  6. Petrochem industry expands North American MTBE capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that petrochemical manufacturers continue to increase methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) capacity in North America. The action reflects refiners' reformulation of gasoline to help reduce auto emissions. Demand for gasoline blending oxygenates such as MTBE is expected to increase as U.S. refiners reconfigure processing trains to produce fuels meeting requirements of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990. Recent progress includes plans to build an MTBE plant in Mexico and start-ups of plants on the U.S. Gulf Coast and in Canada.

  7. North American Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Homesource History

  8. Rising College Premiums in Mexico: How Important Is Trade?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Aashish; Acuna, Belinda

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Domestic reform, trade and investment liberalisation, …G.H. , Harrison, A. , 1999. Trade Liberalization and WageG. , 1999. Who gains from trade reform? Some remaining

  9. Global Trade Policy Development in a Two-Track System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crump, Larry

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    publication 9 March 2006 global trade policy development inbetween nations that reduce trade barriers on a reciprocalmight enhance the global trade policy develop- ment process

  10. Emissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and Investment in Pollution Abatement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Foss, B . "Carbon Emissions Trading is New Weapon to BattleBehavior and the Emission Trading Market, Resources andof Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Trading." The Journal of

  11. BP's Perspective on Emissions Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BP's Perspective on Emissions Trading Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop April 30, 2010 Mark - Government policies can create a carbon price via three primary mechanisms: - Emissions trading (BP's strong

  12. From Trade-to-Trade in US Treasuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dungey, Mardi; Henry, Olan; McKenzie, Michael

    will use small limit orders to search for trading counter parties. Once they have identified a dealer who has indicated a willingness to trade, they will enter into quantity negotiations, i.e. a workup will take place. This process affords greater anonymity... the dataset and characterises the data in terms of transaction size, intensity and workups. A comprehensive examination of the data is undertaken and the analysis suggests that the information content of news arrival, volume and workup time each have a role...

  13. People, Protected Areas and Global Change: Participatory Conservation in Latin America, Africa, Asia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    People, Protected Areas and Global Change: Participatory Conservation in Latin America, Africa://www.north-south.unibe.ch/ "People, Protected Areas, and Global Change is an important contribution to the literature on protected areas (PAs) and the political ecology of natural resource man- agement and conservation. It provides

  14. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination,...

  15. DSW customers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Agencies CA DSW PD Eastern Arizona Power Pooling Association Cooperatives AZ DSW PD EDF Trading North America, LLC Power Marketers TX DSWSN CAPCVP Edwards Air Force Base...

  16. Forestry Policies (North Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Dakota forests are managed by the North Dakota State Forest Service. In 2010 the State issued its "Statewide Assessment of Forest Resources and Forest Resource Strategy", which includes...

  17. Forestry Policies (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Carolina features almost 18 million acres of forested land within the state. The North Carolina Forest Service (http://ncforestservice.gov/) manages the State's forest lands, including those...

  18. Aspects of Late Helladic sea trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachhuber, Christoph Stephen

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The trade mechanisms joining the Mycenaean Aegean to the greater Levant have intrigued and eluded Bronze Age scholarship since the earliest discoveries of foreign objects in Mycenaean burials. In the past decade, topics of interregional trade...

  19. Essays on international trade and investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Heiwai

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three essays on international trade and investment. In the first essay, I study how cross-country differences in labor market institutions shape the pattern of international trade with a focus ...

  20. Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coal, oil, gas) to international trade in products (Davis etas traded oil). Globally, consumption of products was moreproducts consumed in many of the same countries increasingly rely on coal, oil and

  1. Essays on trades and security prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obizhaeva, Anna

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three chapters that investigate the complex relation between security prices and trades of market participants. In the first chapter, I study the evolution of stock prices after trades with different ...

  2. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    content, the bilateral VAX ratio of China-U.S. trade is: vaillustrates that the bilateral VAX ratio removes both theTherefore, the bilateral VAX ratio for Japan-U.S. trade is

  3. Emission trading with absolute and intensity caps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Jaemin

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kyoto Protocol introduced emission trading to help reduce the cost of compliances for the Annex B countries that have absolute caps. However, we need to expand the emission trading to cover developing countries in order ...

  4. Food sovereignty and agricultural trade policy commitments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in Agricultural, Food and Bioenergy Trade (AGFOODTRADE)" (Grant Agreement No. 212036) research project, funded production with enough barrier protection to shelter it from world price fluctuations and unfair trading

  5. North Platte Olbrich Botanical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Reindahl Park Sycamore Park Hie- stand Park M.A.T.C. M.A.T.C. Athletic Complex North Platte Kennedy Park not enter--view from the bike/ hiking trail that lies along the creek. 2. North Platte. The North Platte

  6. Fact sheet EU poll illegal timber trade Illegal logging and related timber trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    March 2009 Fact sheet EU poll illegal timber trade Illegal logging and related timber trade Illegal level is needed to halt the trade in illegal timber and timber products on the European market trade. It has clarified obligations for all companies in the supply chain to prove the legality

  7. ICTSD Project on Trade and Sustainable Land Management International Centre for Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICTSD Project on Trade and Sustainable Land Management ICTSD International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Selected Issue Briefs ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands August 2007 #12;#12;August 2007 ICTSD Programme

  8. Trade Integration and Business Cycle Synchronization in the EMU: the Negative Eect of New Trade Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Trade Integration and Business Cycle Synchronization in the EMU: the Negative Eect of New Trade : 10.1007/s11079-014-9318-8 #12;Abstract This paper questions the impact of trade integration on business cycle synchronization in the EMU by distinguishing increase of existing trade flows (the intensive

  9. Commerce and Trade 17-307 Chapter 17. COMMERCE AND TRADE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerson, Peter J.

    Commerce and Trade 17-307 Chapter 17. COMMERCE AND TRADE I. Introduction A. The General Division and trade are unusual in animals, especially among the "higher" vertebrates. We have to go to "lower that humans engage in division of labor and trade on a variety of scales ranging from the family (division

  10. Applying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Applying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela Cheptea1 approach is widely used to explain trade patterns between countries. In this article we question the simple application of this approach to product/sector-level trade on two grounds. First, we demonstrate

  11. China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% 11/08/2009 - 09:05 According to China's latest Customs statistics, foreign trade of China's forest products in the first five months showed a year-on-year general downturn. The total value of foreign trade of China

  12. North American Polysilicon Technology LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Homesource HistoryNorth

  13. North Carolina Mun Power Agny | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorth Carolina Mun Power

  14. North Central MO Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorth Carolina

  15. North Chelmsford, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids MarketNorth

  16. North Western Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling FluidsNorth Western Elec Coop, Inc

  17. Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting: October 2011 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting: October 2011 On...

  18. Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link...

  19. Building America Webinar: National Residential Efficiency Measures...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Database Webinar Slides Building America Webinar: Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar...

  20. Building America Expert Meeting: Retrofit Implementation - A...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Expert Meeting: Retrofit Implementation - A Neighborhood at a Time Building America Expert Meeting: Retrofit Implementation - A Neighborhood at a Time This report...

  1. Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations for Applying...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations...

  2. Building America Webinar: Ductless Hydronic Distribution Systems...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Webinar: Ductless Hydronic Distribution Systems Building America Webinar: Ductless Hydronic Distribution Systems This webinar was presented by research team...

  3. Illegal Logging and Related Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are the responsibility of the authors. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by Stephen Austin and Sons Ltd The material selected for the printing of this report is Elemental Chlorine framework 14 3.1.3 Checks and balances 16 3.1.4 International trade cooperation 18 3.1.5 Ensuring a balance

  4. Energy trading and information systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains reports which were presented at the meeting on Energy Trading and Information Systems. Topics were concerned with the importance and use of information systems to the natural gas industry. Individual papers have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.

  5. Toolbox Safety Talk DOT Materials of Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk DOT ­ Materials of Trade Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety by Trades personnel that meet the definition of hazardous materials even though they may be sold as consumer commodities. The DOT regulations have exceptions for Materials of Trade (MOT). The MOT exception provides

  6. IATP | Trade Observatory | Headlines q What's new

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IATP | Trade Observatory | Headlines q Home q What's new q Geneva Update q Headlines q Library q Treaty Database q Related sites q About Trade Observatory Select a category to display: Archives August Industries Unite to Seek Free and Fair Trade Canada NewsWire July 8, 2003 Email this pageCanada News

  7. Trade and Resource Policy with Overlapping Generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Trade and Resource Policy with Overlapping Generations Larry Karp Armon Rezai July 23, 2013 Abstract Trade changes incentives to protect an open-access natural resource. In an OLG setting autarchy. Trade reverses these incentives. In a dynamic political economy, resource policies in both

  8. "Extreme Project Management" One World Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiltinan, Mark

    "Extreme Project Management" One World Trade Center A special presentation with a discussion of managing multiple large projects at the World Trade Center site with multiple adjacencies, complicated 1984), PE, PMP, is the Program Director for One World Trade Center. Lynda Tollner, is a Program

  9. Trade and Resource Sustainability with Overlapping Generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Trade and Resource Sustainability with Overlapping Generations Larry Karp Armon Rezai March 28, 2014 Abstract Trade changes incentives to protect an open-access natural resource. In an OLG setting autarchy. Trade reverses these incentives. In a dynamic political economy, agents without bequest motives

  10. The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda CEPS Working Document No. 295/June 2008 Thomas L. Brewer Abstract Climate change, international trade, investment and technology transfer are all issues that have............................................................................ 6 3.2 Coverage of the Multilateral Climate and Trade Regimes

  11. Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist Papers Center for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 3 Trade is divided between commercialized sector which trades with foreign country and self-sufficient sector which

  12. Bioenergy: America's Energy Future

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Nelson, Bruce; Volz, Sara; Male, Johnathan; Wolfson, Johnathan; Pray, Todd; Mayfield, Stephen; Atherton, Scott; Weaver, Brandon

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioenergy: America's Energy Future is a short documentary film showcasing examples of bioenergy innovations across the biomass supply chain and the United States. The film highlights a few stories of individuals and companies who are passionate about achieving the promise of biofuels and addressing the challenges of developing a thriving bioeconomy. This outreach product supports media initiatives to expand the public's understanding of the bioenergy industry and sustainable transportation and was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Green Focus Films, and BCS, Incorporated.

  13. Bioenergy: America's Energy Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Bruce; Volz, Sara; Male, Johnathan; Wolfson, Johnathan; Pray, Todd; Mayfield, Stephen; Atherton, Scott; Weaver, Brandon

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioenergy: America's Energy Future is a short documentary film showcasing examples of bioenergy innovations across the biomass supply chain and the United States. The film highlights a few stories of individuals and companies who are passionate about achieving the promise of biofuels and addressing the challenges of developing a thriving bioeconomy. This outreach product supports media initiatives to expand the public's understanding of the bioenergy industry and sustainable transportation and was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Green Focus Films, and BCS, Incorporated.

  14. Building America - IBACOS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future of CSP:Brookhaven Teaching FellowsBuilder PartnerAmerica -

  15. AMERICA'S NATIONAL LABS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See theDoctoral20ALSNews Vol.AMERICA'S NATIONAL LABS by

  16. The genera of Mallophaga of North America north of Mexico with special reference to Texas species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiseman, John Sumner

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the present time. Ewing (1929), in ttA Manual of External Parasites,? provided taxonomic keys to American families and genera of Mallophaga and described 10 genera as new. This text, although now outdated and no longer in print, remains the only one...

  17. North Carolina Capital Access Program (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North Carolina Capital Access Program provides matching reserve funds for business loans that are beyond the traditional lending means of a lender’s usual standards. The average CAP loan is ...

  18. One North Carolina Fund (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The One North Carolina Fund, directed by the Commerce Finance Center, helps recruit and expand jobs in high-value industries deemed vital to the state. State appropriations replenish the Fund and...

  19. Wind Powering America Podcasts, Wind Powering America (WPA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Powering America and the National Association of Farm Broadcasters produce a series of radio interviews featuring experts discussing wind energy topics. The interviews are aimed at a rural stakeholder audience and are available as podcasts. On the Wind Powering America website, you can access past interviews on topics such as: Keys to Local Wind Energy Development Success, What to Know about Installing a Wind Energy System on Your Farm, and Wind Energy Development Can Revitalize Rural America. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to this online resource for podcast episodes.

  20. 2008 Wind Energy Projects, Wind Powering America (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Wind Powering America program produces a poster at the end of every calendar year that depicts new U.S. wind energy projects. The 2008 poster includes the following projects: Stetson Wind Farm in Maine; Dutch Hill Wind Farm in New York; Grand Ridge Wind Energy Center in Illinois; Hooper Bay, Alaska; Forestburg, South Dakota; Elbow Creek Wind Project in Texas; Glacier Wind Farm in Montana; Wray, Colorado; Smoky Hills Wind Farm in Kansas; Forbes Park Wind Project in Massachusetts; Spanish Fork, Utah; Goodland Wind Farm in Indiana; and the Tatanka Wind Energy Project on the border of North Dakota and South Dakota.

  1. OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwest RuralNujira LtdEnergyOK

  2. Wind Powering America Webinar Series (Postcard), Wind Powering America (WPA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Powering America offers a free monthly webinar series that provides expert information on today?s key wind energy topics. This postcard is an outreach tool that provides a brief description of the webinars as well as the URL.

  3. america central america: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: volcanoes: insights from Central AmericaQ1 S. K. EBMEIER1*, J. BIGGS2,3, T. A. MATHER1 & F. AMELUNG3 1 COMET.ebmeier@earth.ox.ac.uk) Abstract: Measuring...

  4. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  5. Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...

  6. Middle East & North Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Bank and Gaza notes & data Yemen brief | data North Africa Algeria brief | data Egypt brief | data Libya brief | data Morocco notes & data Sudan and South Sudan brief |...

  7. Building America Analysis – Existing Homes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Building America Analysis Spreadsheets are companions to the House Simulation Protocols, and can assist with many of the calculations and look-up tables found in the report.

  8. THE AMERICAS Albert Bierstadt, Puget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    THE AMERICAS Albert Bierstadt, Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast A Superb Vision of Dreamland's spectacular, eight-foot- wide view of Puget Sound, which he painted but never visited. JULY 2011. 64 PP., 40

  9. Transcript for Building America Video

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Transcript of a video about how DOE’s Building America program is helping to bridge the gap between homes with high energy costs and homes that are healthy, durable, and energy efficient.

  10. The Causes of Trade Globalization: A Political-Economy and World-Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Roy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Washington DC: World Bank. World Trade Organization.2010. World Trade Report2010: Trade in Natural Resources. Geneva, Switzerland: WTO

  11. North American Overview - Heat Pumps Role in Buildings Energy Efficiency Improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Bouza, Antonio [U.S. Department of Energy; Giguère, Daniel [Natural Resources Canada; Hosatte, Sophie [Natural Resources Canada

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief overview of the situation in North America regarding buildings energy use and the current and projected heat pump market is presented. R&D and deployment strategies for heat pumps, and the impacts of the housing market and efficiency regulations on the heating and cooling equipment market are summarized as well.

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Changes in El Nio and La Nia teleconnections over North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, In-Sik

    ­America in the global warming simulations Jong-Seong Kug & Soon-Il An & Yoo-Geun Ham & In-Sik Kang Received: 7 July 2008 warming commonly causes the eastward shift of the atmospheric teleconnection patterns over the Northern and La Niña over the North Pacific and American regions due to a future greenhouse warming has been

  13. The River Team Corridor Project The Gateshead area of North East England contains some

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The River Team Corridor Project objectives The Gateshead area of North East England contains some of a wider project to regenerate the River Team area, the River Team Corridor Project seeks to enhance Reserve, the Team Valley Trading Estate, riverbanks and the Bowes Railway Path. · Expand involvement

  14. America's Bottom-Up Climate Change Mitigation Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.; Sperling, Dan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and developing emissions trading mechanisms to connect andand development of emissions trading or cap-and-tradesector market-based emissions trading system in the Western

  15. Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    competitiveness in the eu emissions trading scheme: Policyand-trade systems for emissions trading is the allocation orciency of the resulting emissions trading market. Certainly

  16. U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    and Technology Assessment Unit at the Forest Products Laboratory. Chris McKeever created computer files managers, forest industries, trade associations, forestry schools, renewable resource organizations

  17. Facing an Arbitrage Opportunity: Trade or Wait?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 9, 2014 ... The results obtained herein are in contrast to the standard textbook arbitrage trading ..... 3.2.1 Graphic Illustration and Numerical Experiments.

  18. International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be subject to the same principles of comparable open access and non-discrimination that apply...

  19. U.S. Agriculture and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Marchant, Mary; Rosson, C. Parr

    1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    by high tariffs and nontariff barriers. International trade has a major impact on U.S. agriculture. Exports are crucial, providing a market for a major share of crop production and a growing share of meat output. In 1996, 28 percent of U.S. farm cash... upheavals in the countries of the for- mer Soviet Union will not end soon and this will be an impediment to economic growth and expanded trade. The most recent trade agreement under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the so-called Uruguay...

  20. Multilateral, regional and bilateral energy trade governance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leal-Arcas, Rafael; Grasso, Costantino; Rios, Juan Alemany (Queen Mary Univ. of London (United Kingdom))

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current international energy trade governance system is fragmented and multi-layered. Streamlining it for greater legal cohesiveness and international political and economic cooperation would promote global energy security. The current article explores three levels of energy trade governance: multilateral, regional and bilateral. Most energy-rich countries are part of the multilateral trading system, which is institutionalized by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The article analyzes the multilateral energy trade governance system by focusing on the WTO and energy transportation issues. Regionally, the article focuses on five major regional agreements and their energy-related aspects and examines the various causes that explain the proliferation of regional trade agreements, their compatibility with WTO law, and then provides several examples of regional energy trade governance throughout the world. When it comes to bilateral energy trade governance, this article only addresses the European Union’s (EU) bilateral energy trade relations. The article explores ways in which gaps could be filled and overlaps eliminated whilst remaining true to the high-level normative framework, concentrating on those measures that would enhance EU energy security.

  1. AME40463: Senior Design Project Spring 2010 ENGINEERING TRADE STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batill, Stephen M.

    AME40463: Senior Design Project ­ Spring 2010 ENGINEERING TRADE STUDY The engineering trade study indicate how that information influenced design decisions for the platform. Trade Study Proposal (due Feb prior to the beginning of the all-class meeting at 9:30 a.m. Trade Study Report (due Feb. 23): The trade

  2. Energy Policy Commission (North Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Created in 2007 by the North Dakota Legislative Assembly, the EmPower North Dakota Commission designed a comprehensive energy policy for the state of North Dakota. Since 2007 the Commission has...

  3. OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS The OECD Trade Policy Working Paper series is designed to make available to a wide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    #12;OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS The OECD Trade Policy Working Paper series is designed to make been declassified on the responsibility of the Working Party of the Trade Committee under the OECD.contact@oecd.org. OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS are published on www.oecd.org/trade © OECD 2011 Applications

  4. International Trade and Sustainability: A survey Louis Dupuy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    International Trade and Sustainability: A survey Louis Dupuy LAREFI Working Paper N°2012-01 April, institutions and international trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3 International trade in the sustainability literature 11 3.1 Openness and sustainability

  5. Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop Introduction and Overview manner. Workshop rather than conference. #12;What is Emissions Trading? (or "Cap and Trade") · Cap & Enforcement · Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) mechanisms for reductions #12;Five Emissions

  6. Market power in international carbon emissions trading: a laboratory test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlén, Björn.

    The prospect that governments of one or a few large countries, or trading blocs, would engage in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade would be ...

  7. Market Microstructure Patterns Powering Trading and Surveillance Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Market Microstructure Patterns Powering Trading and Surveillance Agents Longbing Cao (University are then used for powering market trading and surveillance agents for automatically detecting market models. From data analysis perspective, we view it valuable for smart trading in designing legal

  8. Auction Market System in Electronic Security Trading Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Auction Market System in Electronic Security Trading Platform Li Xihao Bielefeld Graduate School security trading platform Xetra oper- ated by Frankfurt Stock Exchange, we consider the Xetra auction. Keywords: agent-based modelling, computational market experiment, electronic security trading platform

  9. Building America Webinar: Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    More Documents & Publications Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar Energy Saver Guide Building America...

  10. Port Royal, Jamaica, and the slave trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, David A

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the eighteenth century in the Florida Keys, Henrietta Marie had just quit Port Royal after off-loading her human cargo. The artifact collection of shackles, ship's equipment and trade goods represents the trappings of the maritime slave trade. Particularly...

  11. North Terrace campus Self-guided Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILLS HORACE LAMB DARLING OLIPHANT BADGER SANTOS PETROL ENG ENGINEERING NORTH ENG SOUTH NORTH TERRACE

  12. Introduction The quahog, Mercenaria spp., rang-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's southern State of Campeche, has long provided NorthAmericans with Quahogs in Eastern North America: Part I, Campeche, Mexico C.P. 24120. Mention of trade names or commercial firms in this paper does not imply

  13. Nummer 3 / 2010 America's Germany and Germany's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerkmann, Ralf

    Nummer 3 / 2010 America's Germany and Germany's America in Wolfgang Koeppen's Tauben im Gras. In postwar Germany, Koeppen's ,,materielle Existenz sicherte er mit dem Verkauf und Handel von Antiquitäten

  14. Fagor America: Order (2013-CEW-19001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Fagor America, Inc. to pay a $13,000 civil penalty after finding Fagor America had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerator-freezers and dishwashers comply with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  15. Nativism Is Alive and Thriving in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fit for Our Society: Immigration and Nativism in America by Peter Schrag, University of California Press. ”Fit for Our Society: Immigration and Nativism in America, Peter Schrag, University of California Press,

  16. Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar was conducted on December 17, 2014, by Eric Werling, Building America Program Coordinator.

  17. Page 1Laser Safety Training Laser Institute of America Laser Safety Laser Institute of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Page 1Laser Safety Training © Laser Institute of America 1 Laser Safety © Laser Institute of America Laser Safety: Hazards, Bioeffects, and Control Measures Laser Institute of America Gus Anibarro Education Manager 2Laser Safety © Laser Institute of America Laser Safety Overview Laser Safety Accidents

  18. Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilly, Chris

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1993. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America, New York:2003. Unions and wage inequality in Mexico. ” Industrial andBruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York:

  19. DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 -...

  20. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009 A437 Archaeometric evidence of trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009 A437 Archaeometric evidence of trade of leucite Roman Volcanic province, Italy), a fact that implies an specific and important trade way of heavy

  1. DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information March 8,...

  2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmenta...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods...

  3. DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information May 5, 2011...

  4. Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings - Steam Systems, Retrofit Measure Packages, Hydronic Systems Building America Webinar:...

  5. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and payback. bawebinardentzandconlin111814.pdf More Documents & Publications Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Multifamily Ventilation - Best Practice? Building America...

  6. Wind Powering America Program Overview (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America Program.

  7. Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Strategies for Multifamily Buildings - Control strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

  8. Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar This webinar, presented by...

  9. Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Introduction Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings - Introduction This presentation serves as the introduction to...

  10. Dam Safety (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Carolina Administrative Code Title 15A, Subchapter 2K lays out further regulations for the design, approval, construction, maintenance, and inspection of dams to ensure public safety and...

  11. Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgard, Michael P.

    Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond April 18, 2009 The University of Texas at Dallas Conference Center Auditorium A Symposium to Acknowledge and Commemorate Air America Rescue Efforts during with Air America Senior Operations Officer, CIA, Retired 2 p.m. Laos Rescues: Lima Site 85 Dr. Tim Castle

  12. 16 September 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Global Biomass Markets · Pellet exports from North America to Europe rose once again in the 1Q/14, though for the GSPI. Prices, in US dollar terms, were generally up in North America, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Oceania, while they fell in Western Europe. · The trade of logs in Europe picked up in 2013, with import

  13. Systemic trade-risk of critical resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klimek, Peter; Thurner, Stefan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis the role of strongly interconnected markets in fostering systemic instability has been increasingly acknowledged. Trade networks of commodities are susceptible to deleterious cascades of supply shocks that increase systemic trade-risks and pose a threat to geopolitical stability. On a global and a regional level we show that supply risk, scarcity, and price volatility of non-fuel mineral resources are intricately connected with the structure of the world-trade network of or spanned by these resources. On the global level we demonstrate that the scarcity of a resource, as measured by its trade volume compared to extractable reserves, is closely related to the susceptibility of the trade network with respect to cascading shocks. On the regional level we find that to some extent the region-specific price volatility and supply risk can be understood by centrality measures that capture systemic trade-risk. The resources associated with the highest systemic trade-risk indica...

  14. IDE Americas: Innovations in Desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Noah

    utilizing waste heat & solar energy Low Chemical Footprint Clean desalination systems (DOC - Direct Osmosis America Total Capacity 36,000 m3/day Cyprus Total Capacity 125,000 m3/day Australia Total Capacity 140 energy consumption Renewable energy Low chemical footprint Reliance, India 160,000 m3/day MED

  15. LATIN AMERICA ARGENTINA HAS FISHERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LATIN AMERICA ARGENTINA HAS FISHERY INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES Argentina's largely dormant fishing in construction in Argentina with a total fish capacity of 36, 000 metric tons . The Min- istry has also) measure, taxes onforeign vessels fishing in Argentina waters were raised from US$70 per ton to US$200 per

  16. Development of trade-off equations for EnergyStar windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Joe; Mitchell, Robin; Selkowitz, Steve; Arasteh, Dariush; Clear, Bob

    2004-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors explore the feasibility of adding a performance option to DOE's EnergyStar{copyright} Windows program whereby windows of differing U-factors and SHGCs can qualify so long as they have equivalent annual energy performance. An iterative simulation procedure is used to calculate trade-off equations giving the change in SHGC needed to compensate for a change in U-factor. Of the four EnergyStar{copyright} Window climate zones, trade-off equations are possible only in the Northern and Southern zones. In the North/Central and South/Central zones, equations are not possible either because of large intrazone climate variations or the current SHGC requirements are already near optimum.

  17. FAIR TRADE CONTRACTS FOR SOME, AN INSURANCE Claire CHAMBOLLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    FAIR TRADE CONTRACTS FOR SOME, AN INSURANCE FOR OTHERS Claire CHAMBOLLE Sylvaine PORET 2009 Cahier://www.enseignement.polytechnique.fr/economie/ mailto:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00367500,version1-11Mar2009 #12;Fair Trade Contracts the impact of Fair Trade contracts between sub-groups of farmers and a Fair Trade organization on the spot

  18. World Trade Review http://journals.cambridge.org/WTR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    World Trade Review http://journals.cambridge.org/WTR Additional services for World Trade Review here Climate and trade policies: from mutual destruction to mutual support PATRICK A. MESSERLIN World Trade Review / Volume 11 / Issue 01 / January 2012, pp 53 - 80 DOI: 10.1017/S1474745611000395, Published

  19. Productivity and Firm Selection: Intra-National and International Trade.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Productivity and Firm Selection: Intra-National and International Trade. Gregory Corcos (NHH) Firm Selection: Intra- vs International Trade April 23, 2007 1 / 35 #12;Overview Objective: Quantify the productivity gains from inter- and intra-national trade. What we do in this paper: model the effect of trade

  20. International Trade and Unionization: Evidence from Reshad N. Ahsan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    International Trade and Unionization: Evidence from India Reshad N. Ahsan University of Melbourne exploit an exogenous episode of trade liberalization to examine the impact of interna- tional trade and provides us with predictions on the relationship between trade and both unionization and union wages. We

  1. Trade and Foreign Investment in Business Services James R. Markusen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Trade and Foreign Investment in Business Services James R. Markusen Bridget Strand Abstract At some conceptual level, trade in goods and services are not that much different. However, the speed at which trade are quite different from those for trade in goods prompts us to take a more careful look. The paper begins

  2. Ecology 1993 Trade-offs between sprinting and clinging ability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Albert F.

    Functional Ecology 1993 7,28 1-286 Trade-offs between sprinting and clinging ability in Kenyan corresponding to those it uses most frequently; or (b) a trade-off exists between maximizing clinging architecture and composition may underlie this trade-off. Comparison with trade-offs in arboreal locomotor

  3. WORLD TRADE WEEK 2013 COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    WORLD TRADE WEEK 2013 COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS The World Trade Week 2013 Education Committee is sponsoring several $1000 scholarships for students intending to pursue a career in international trade relating to international trade. If a student's major does not have an international dimension

  4. 7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis Background On April 30, 2010, more than 70 people gathered for an all-day workshop on emissions trading at Purdue University's Discovery of different emission trading proposals. The need for such discussion is great. Pollution trading is a high

  5. The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading Tianyu Qi, Niven Trading Tianyu Qi* , Niven Winchester , Valerie J. Karplus and Xiliang Zhang Abstract Emissions trading of the European Union's Emissions Trading System with a new system in Australia in 2015, this paper simulates

  6. North Arkansas Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market Homesource

  7. North Carolina El Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids Market

  8. North West Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America Drilling Fluids

  9. Northern States Power Co - Minnesota (North Dakota) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth America DrillingCaliforniaNorthern Rio Arriba E

  10. Electric trade in the United States 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

  11. Is international emissions trading always beneficial?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babiker, Mustafa H.M.

    Economic efficiency is a major argument for the inclusion of an international emission permit trading system under the Kyoto Protocol. Using a partial equilibrium framework, energy system models have shown that implementing ...

  12. Equity and Emissions Trading in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, D.

    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...

  13. The temporal efficiency of SO? emissions trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an empirical evaluation of the temporal efficiency of the U.S. Acid Rain Program, which implemented a nationwide market for trading and banking sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission allowances. We first develop ...

  14. An empirical analysis of quantitative trading strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiuchi, Masaharu

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Along with the increasing computing power, growing availability of various data streams, introduction of the electronic exchanges, decreasing trading costs and heating-up competition in financial investment industry, ...

  15. Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rate and Job Flows in Brazil,” Journal of Policy Reform,intensive occupations in Brazil’s traded-goods sector isinput tari? (in z jt ). Brazil’s nominal exchange rate is

  16. Rick arbitrage : analysis and trading systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naheta, Akshay, 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis we quantify the risk arbitrage investment process and create trading strategies that generate positive risk-adjusted returns. We use a sample of 895 stock swap mergers, cash mergers, and cash tender offers ...

  17. Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    imported products or fossil fuels are more exposed to energytrade in carbon (as fossil fuels and also embodied inWithin this, trade in fossil fuels was larger (10.8 GtCO 2

  18. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost Elasticity United States Top Sources Bias (%) China TopTotal Costs Normalized at 100 in 1995) Canada China MexicoChina and Korea: not distinguishing between final and intermediate goods causes the trade cost

  19. vol. 156, no. 4 the american naturalist october 2000 The Imprint of History on Communities of North American

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    92093; 2. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama; 3. Department of Biology of an adaptive radiation is likely to be influenced by the form of the founding ancestor to the radiation, its. We compare the adaptive radiation of the Dendroica warblers of North America

  20. Electric trade in the United States, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

  1. Microsoft Word - CX-NorthBonneville-RossNorthBonneville-Troutdale...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Erich Orth Civil Engineer - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: North Bonneville-Ross 1 230-kV, North...

  2. Natural Gas Rules (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These rules apply to any gas utility operating within the State of North Carolina under the jurisdiction of the North Carolina Utilities Commission and also to interstate natural gas companies...

  3. DELIVERABLE Central North Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    International Energy Agency Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 #12;4 Central North Sea ­ CO2 Storage Hub within the UK and EU. CCS development zones can also attract new energy intensive industries to locate of intermittency which is inevitable with wind power, thereby helping to address the need for energy security

  4. Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For 20 years, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building America program has been a source of innovations for high performance homes. Join Eric Werling, Building America Program Coordinator,...

  5. South Dakota North Platte R.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Dakota Nebraska Index map North Platte R. South Platte R. Dismal R. Platte R. Study area 0 0 1 KILOMETER 1 MILE Scotts Bluff County Tri-St ate Canal Mitchell Canal North Platte River Enterprise 2002 Prepared in cooperation with the NORTH PLATTE NATURAL RESOURCES DISTRICT SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS

  6. North Texas Undergraduate Psychology Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    ) 2.602 The University of Texas at Dallas 800 West Campbell Road Ricahrdson, Texas 75080 For moreNorth Texas Undergraduate Psychology Research Conference The North Texas Undergraduate Psychology, you will present to faculty, students, and members of the community in the north Texas area

  7. Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part II, New Construction - August 13, 2014 - Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Rigid Insulation Building America Webinar:...

  8. Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholders Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Efficiency Stakeholders Meeting: March 2011 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholders Meeting: March 2011 On this page, you may link to the summary report...

  9. Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update Meeting: August 2011 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update Meeting: August 2011 On this page, you may link...

  10. Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part II, New Construction - August 13, 2014 - Next Gen Advanced Framing for High Performance Homes Integrated...

  11. Basement Insulation Systems - Building America Top Innovation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that demonstrate advanced...

  12. Unvented, Conditioned Attics - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Read about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find case studies of Building America projects across the country that demonstrate unvented,...

  13. Unvented, Conditioned Crawlspaces - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that demonstrate unvented,...

  14. Vapor Retarder Classification - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the Top Innovation. See an example of vapor retarder best practices in action. Find other case studies of Building America projects across the country that utilizes vapor retarder...

  15. House Simulation Protocols (Building America Benchmark) - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Simulation Protocols. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that utilize House Simulation...

  16. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Heat Pumps Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Transformations, Inc. Net Zero Energy Communities (Fact Sheet) DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study:...

  17. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings This webinar was presented by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential...

  18. Building America Expert Meeting: Delivering Better, Cheaper,...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    meeting was conducted by Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership and Gas Technology Institute on November 16, 2010, in Chicago, Illinois. Meeting objectives included: *...

  19. Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange This report...

  20. Building America Expert Meeting: Foundations Research Results...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an expert meeting on Foundations Research Results on November 15, 2011 at the University Hotel Minneapolis on the campus of the...

  1. Building America Expert Meeting Report: Transitioning Traditional...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Conditioning Strategies for Energy Efficient Houses Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: HVAC Contractor Business Model Building America Best Practices...

  2. Building America Research for the American Home

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program is helping to engineer American homes for better energy performance, durability, quality, affordability, and comfort.

  3. QER- Comment of Airlines for America

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Attached please find the comments of Airlines for America concerning the October 6 meeting, energy infrastructure. Please contact the undersigned if you have any questions.

  4. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Compact Buried Ducts Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Compact Buried...

  5. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    II - Design Options for Locating Ducts within Conditioned Space Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Design Options for Locating Ducts...

  6. Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part II, New Construction Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part II, New Construction The webinar is the...

  7. EU-California Environmental Agreements: The Role of Trade in Emissions Permits and Escape Clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the role of trade in emissions permits and escape clauses. (agreements. Trade in emissions permits has ambiguous and inAlthough trade in emissions permits reduces the aggregate

  8. The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention: Changing the Currents of Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Souza, Anna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Institutions and International Trade: a Reconsideration ofin Gravity Models of Trade and Integration,” Working paperDeterminants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a

  9. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.I! V! “Global issues of trade, energy, and subsidies haveal.  (2010).  Global  trade  and  environmental  impact  2005).  "Environmental  trade  measures,  the  shrimp-­?

  10. Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM and Toxics Regulation in the South Coast Air Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Nancy J.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM anda mar- ket-based emissions trading program called theimpacts cre- ated by emissions trading programs that affect

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    policy- the RECLAIM emission trading policy." Environ.Incentives Market: a new emissions trading program for Lospolitical feasibility of emissions trading programs. See,

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    Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost From Mobilehave tested various emissions trading policies to supplementAn Analysis of EPA's Emissions Trading Program, 6 YALE J. ON

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    The case of wholesale power trading in Germany Power andY. (2011). Market power in emissions trading: strategicallyto model market power in permit trading. The conjectural

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    Reyes et al., p. 1 DATA REPOSITORY ITEM FOR: Expansion of alpine glaciers in Pacific North America in the first millennium A.D. Site Latitude Longitude (ºN) (ºW) Lillooet Glacier 50º45' 123º46' Bridge Glacier 50º49' 123º29' Miserable Glacier 51°04' 123°52' Tiedemann Glacier 51º21' 124º56' Frank Mackie Glacier

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