National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for trade secrets act

  1. Appendix D: Analysis of the Cap and Trade Features of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act (S. 2191)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D1 Appendix D: Analysis of the Cap and Trade Features of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act of the Act's provisions as they relate to key features governing the cap-and-trade system, comparing results.1 A Changing Mix of Free Allocation and Auctioning....................................................... 13 D4

  2. Using Section 111 of the Clean Air Act for Cap-and-Trade of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Obstacles and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enion, Rhead M.

    2012-01-01

    focused nitro- gen oxide emissions-trading program for largeNSPS program could use emissions trading, including cap-and-regulations that allow emissions trading, to achieve GHG

  3. Leptin acts centrally to induce the prepubertal secretion of luteinizing hormone in the female rat: a potential early role in the pubertal process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dearth, Robert Keith

    1999-01-01

    Recent data generated from adult male and female rats indicates that lepton is capable of stimulating luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion via a hypothalamic action. Consequently, we hypothesized that this peptide may similarly play a role...

  4. Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the Carbon Limits and Energy for America’s Renewal (CLEAR) Act and an Electric-Power Only Cap-and-Trade Program

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    This paper responds to a request from Senators Bingaman, Cantwell, Collins, Murkowski and Voinovich to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide technical assistance to help inform deliberations on energy and climate legislation, including an evaluation of the Carbon Limits and Energy for America’s Renewal (CLEAR) Act and several possible variants of that legislation (some of which had quite extensive components), as well as a separate electric power sector only cap and trade (EPOCT) proposal.

  5. Mobile Proactive secret sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, David Andrew

    2007-01-01

    This thesis describes mobile proactive secret sharing (MPSS), an extension of proactive secret sharing. Mobile proactive secret sharing is much more flexible than proactive secret sharing in terms of group membership: ...

  6. Clean coal technology and emissions trading: Is there a future for high-sulfur coal under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McDermott, K.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States)

    1991-12-31

    The near-term and long-term fate of high-sulfur coal is linked to utility compliance plans, the evolution of emission allowance trading, state and federal regulation, and technological innovation. All of these factors will play an implicit role in the demand for high-sulfur coal. This paper will explore the potential impact that emissions trading will have on high-sulfur coal utilization by electric utilities. 28 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  7. Clean coal technology and emissions trading: Is there a future for high-sulfur coal under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); McDermott, K.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States) Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States))

    1991-01-01

    The near-term and long-term fate of high-sulfur coal is linked to utility compliance plans, the evolution of emission allowance trading, state and federal regulation, and technological innovation. All of these factors will play an implicit role in the demand for high-sulfur coal. This paper will explore the potential impact that emissions trading will have on high-sulfur coal utilization by electric utilities. 28 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Trade Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas A.

    2014-01-01

    In an otherwise insightful and thoughtful article, Sebastian Pfotenhauer (Trade Policy Is Science Policy,” Issues, Fall 2013) might better have entitled his contribution “Trade Policy Needs to Be Reconciled with Science ...

  9. Secret War, Secret Science Brad Osgood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osgood, Brad

    Secret War, Secret Science Brad Osgood Stanford University #12;Tehran meeting November 28th -- December 1st 1943 "In war-time, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard. David Kahn, The Codebreakers #12;The early events · Britain's first offensive action of the war

  10. River Basin Economics and Management: International Trade, Allocation and Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Wen

    2015-01-01

    Free Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Free Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Free Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  11. Trade and institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahakitsiri, Doungdao

    2012-01-01

    3.4 Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions . . . . . . .The E?ects of Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions onMore Bilateral Trade than Free-Trade Agreement Members? ,”

  12. Insider trading at the turn of the century: two essays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tartaroglu, Semih -.

    2009-05-15

    ) prior to positive (negative) earnings surprises declined after the Act. Finally, I document that the earnings announcements become more informative after the Act, which is consistent with less price discovery through insider trading prior to earnings...

  13. The Jones Act : an economic and political evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Richard A. (Richard Allen), 1981-

    2004-01-01

    On June 5, 1920, the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, also known as the Jones Act, became law. The Jones Act, a cabotage law, restricts American waterborne domestic trade to vessels flagged in the United States, owned by ...

  14. Essays in international trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romalis, John

    2001-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

  15. NAFTA, Trade, and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blecker, Robert A.; Esquivel, Gerardo

    2010-01-01

    their intention to sign a free trade agreement (FTA) betweenthen called the largest free trade area in the world. Theof the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994,

  16. Is Free Trade Obsolete?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Charles S.

    1993-01-01

    BOOK REVIEW IS FREE TRADE OBSOLETE? MANAGING THE WORLDremains from the ideal of free trade. The GATT, for example,by entering ICAs IS FREE TRADE OBSOLETE? with foreign

  17. US weapons secrets revealed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norris, R.S.; Arkin, W.M.

    1993-03-01

    Extraordinary details have only recently been revealed about the struggle over the control of early U.S. nuclear weapons and their initial deployments abroad. The information comes from a newly declassified top secret report, part of a larger study, The History of the Strategic Arms Competition, 1945-1972, commissioned by Defense Secretary James R. Schlisinger in summer 1974.

  18. Extracellular secretion of recombinant proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Linger, Jeffrey G.; Darzins, Aldis

    2014-07-22

    Nucleic acids encoding secretion signals, expression vectors containing the nucleic acids, and host cells containing the expression vectors are disclosed. Also disclosed are polypeptides that contain the secretion signals and methods of producing polypeptides, including methods of directing the extracellular secretion of the polypeptides. Exemplary embodiments include cellulase proteins fused to secretion signals, methods to produce and isolate these polypeptides, and methods to degrade lignocellulosic biomass.

  19. Emissions Trading and Social Justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A

    2011-01-01

    David  M.  Driesen,  Does  Emissions  Trading  Encourage  Jason  Coburn,  Emissions  Trading   and   Environmental  Szambelan,  U.S.  Emissions  Trading  Markets  for  SO 2  

  20. Global Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    change policies: escalation of wood energy production, consumption and trade 3. Globalization of forest Lacey Act Amendment f. EU renewable (wood) energy policies Forests, Markets, Policy & PracticeGlobal Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice Shanghai, China

  1. Secret Objective Standoff: International Safeguards Educational Exercise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okowita, Samantha L [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    The International Safeguards Regime, being so multi-faceted, can be overwhelming to those first introduced to its many components. The organizers and lecturers of workshops and courses on nonproliferation often provide a series of independent lectures and must somehow demonstrate the cohesive and effective nature of the system. An exercise titled The Secret Objective Standoff was developed to complement lectures with hands-on learning to assist participants in bringing all the many components (IAEA agreements, export controls, treaty obligations, international diplomacy, etc.) of the International Safeguards Regime together. This exercise divides participants into teams that are assigned the role of either a country or the IAEA and asks that they fully immerse themselves in their roles. The teams are then randomly assigned three unique and secret objectives that are intended to represent realistic and current geopolitical scenarios. Through construction, trading, or hoarding of four resources (experts, technology, money, and uranium), the teams have a finite number of turns to accomplish their objectives. Each turn has three phases random dispersal of resources, a timed discussion where teams can coordinate and strategize with others, and an action phase. During the action phase, teams inform the moderator individually and secretly what they will be doing that turn. The exercise has been tested twice with Oak Ridge National Laboratory personnel, and has been conducted with outside participants twice, in each case the experience was well received by both participants and instructors. This exercise provides instructors the ability to modify the exercise before or during game play to best fit their educational goals. By offering a range of experiences, from an in-depth look at specific components to a generalized overview, this exercise is an effective tool in helping participants achieve a full understanding the International Safeguards Regime.

  2. Steven Greenhut California's Secret Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    Steven Greenhut California's Secret Government Redevelopment agencies blight the Golden State as a national travesty, a failed experiment in top-heavy government and liberal social engineering

  3. Trade and Investment Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Why China? Trade and Investment Perspectives Jeanne Broad Director, International Trade Management Michigan exports to China) Chemicals $368 million Industrial machinery $347 million Computers and electronics $237 million Electrical Equipment $148 million Fabricated Metal Products $140 million Waste

  4. Secret sharing using artificial neural network 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkharobi, Talal M.

    2004-11-15

    .................................................. 5 1.4 Dissertation Outline.................................................................. 7 II SECRET SHARING ? STATE OF THE ART.................................... 9 2.1 General Model for Secret Sharing Schemes....3.4 Secret sharing homomorphism..................................... 20 2.3.5 Linear secret sharing schemes...................................... 21 2.4 Secret Sharing Schemes with Extended Capabilities............... 22 2.4.1 Protecting against...

  5. Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) was introduced through the Climate Change Response Act............................................................................ 14 #12;1 1 Introduction The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) was legislated through

  6. CECC'08 L. Csirmaz: Secret Sharing Schemes 1 / 35 Secret Sharing Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csirmaz, László

    CECC'08 L. Csirmaz: Secret Sharing Schemes 1 / 35 Secret Sharing Schemes: Solved & Unsolved Schemes 2 / 35 Secret Sharing Scheme { the beginning Contents 1 Secret Sharing Scheme { the beginning 2 De Schemes 3 / 35 Secret Sharing Scheme { the beginning The beginning What Who When Secret Sharing Shamir [23

  7. The feasibility of effluent trading in the energy industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J.A.

    1997-05-01

    In January 1996, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a policy statement endorsing effluent trading in watersheds, hoping to spur additional interest in the subject. The policy describes five types of effluent trades - point source/point source, point source/nonpoint source, pretreatment, intraplant, and nonpoint source/nonpoint source. This report evaluates the feasibility of effluent trading for facilities in the oil and gas industry (exploration and production, refining, and distribution and marketing segments), electric power industry, and the coal industry (mines and preparation plants). Nonpoint source/nonpoint source trades are not considered since the energy industry facilities evaluated here are all point sources. EPA has administered emission trading programs in its air quality program for many years. Programs for offsets, bubbles, banking, and netting are supported by federal regulations, and the 1990 Clean Air Act (CAA) amendments provide a statutory basis for trading programs to control ozone and acid rain. Different programs have had varying degrees of success, but few have come close to meeting their expectations. Few trading programs have been established under the Clean Water Act (CWA). One intraplant trading program was established by EPA in its effluent limitation guidelines (ELGs) for the iron and steel industry. The other existing effluent trading programs were established by state or local governments and have had minimal success.

  8. Secret Key Generation via a Modified Quantum Secret Sharing Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith IV, Amos M; Evans, Philip G; Lawrie, Benjamin J; Legre, Matthieu; Lougovski, Pavel; Ray, William R; Williams, Brian P; Qi, Bing; Grice, Warren P

    2015-01-01

    We present and experimentally show a novel protocol for distributing secret information between two and only two parties in a N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) system. We demonstrate this new algorithm with N = 3 active parties over 6km of telecom. ber. Our experimental device is based on the Clavis2 Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of the N parties can build secret keys based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N > 2 parties. This algorithm allows for the creation of two-party secret keys were standard QSS does not and signicantly reduces the number of resources needed to implement QKD on a highly connected network such as the electrical grid.

  9. Speculative acts : the cultural labors of science, fiction, and empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahng, Aimee Soogene

    2009-01-01

    in the U.S. Southwest: Area 51, a tightly guarded, secretiveSecurity Act of 1950, Area 51, along with Guantánamo Bay,conclude by connecting Area 51, the science fictions that

  10. Trade, globalization and uneven development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the free trade doctrine, presenting capitalism as entailing, but capable of overcoming, uneven geographical rationalizing the free trade doctrine isolate trade, mobilizing a narrow sociospatial ontology. Marxisant trade. By contrast, attending to the entanglements of trade, geographical political economy can decenter the free

  11. Tough Choices: Determinants of Senator's Trade Votes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, John; Brinegar, Adam; Kramer, Claire; Merolla, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    Dennis P. Quinn. 1994. “Free Trade, Fair Trade, StrategicThe Senate and Free Trade. ” American Journal of Politicalthat benefit from free trade. These competing claims speak

  12. Quantum Strongly Secure Ramp Secret Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Zhang; Ryutaroh Matsumoto

    2014-08-08

    Quantum secret sharing is a scheme for encoding a quantum state (the secret) into multiple shares and distributing them among several participants. If a sufficient number of shares are put together, then the secret can be fully reconstructed. If an insufficient number of shares are put together however, no information about the secret can be revealed. In quantum ramp secret sharing, partial information about the secret is allowed to leak to a set of participants, called an unqualified set, that cannot fully reconstruct the secret. By allowing this, the size of a share can be drastically reduced. This paper introduces a quantum analog of classical strong security in ramp secret sharing schemes. While the ramp secret sharing scheme still leaks partial information about the secret to unqualified sets of participants, the strong security condition ensures that qudits with critical information can no longer be leaked.

  13. United states Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Secret ary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United states Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Secret ary Fish and Wildlife Service in the water by means of floats on the top line and held downward by weights on the bottom line to act

  14. WORLD TRADE Published by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    How Vulnerable Is India's Trade to Possible Border Carbon Adjustments in the EU? Kasturi Das 37 Distorted Trade Imperils the Sino-European Partnership Jonathan Holslag 221 Bridging the Abyss? Lessons from Global and Regional Integration of Ukraine Vitaliy Pogoretskyy & Sergiy Beketov 239 #12;#12;Unravelling

  15. The potential for effluent trading in the energy industries.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J. A.; Environmental Assessment

    1998-01-01

    In January 1996, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a policy statement endorsing wastewater effluent trading in watersheds, hoping to promote additional interest in the subject. The policy describes five types of effluent trades: point source/point source, point source/nonpoint source, pretreatment, intraplant and nonpoint source/nonpoint source. This paper evaluates the feasibility of implementing these types of effluent trading for facilities in the oil and gas, electric power and coal industries. This paper finds that the potential for effluent trading in these industries is limited because trades would generally need to involve toxic pollutants, which can only be traded under a narrow range of circumstances. However, good potential exists for other types of water-related trades that do not directly involve effluents (e.g. wetlands mitigation banking and voluntary environmental projects). The potential for effluent trading in the energy industries and in other sectors would be enhanced if Congress amended the Clean Water Act (CWA) to formally authorize such trading.

  16. Recovery Act

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act and Energy Department programs were designed to stimulate the economy while creating new power sources, conserving resources and aligning the nation to once again lead the global energy economy.

  17. Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

    1992-12-31

    The use of the SO{sub 2} allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO{sub 2} emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO{sub 2} for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO{sub x} emission averaging, the utility would average NO{sub x} emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

  18. Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

    1992-01-01

    The use of the SO[sub 2] allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO[sub 2] emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO[sub 2] for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO[sub x] emission averaging, the utility would average NO[sub x] emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

  19. Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoversten, Shanna

    2009-01-01

    EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System GHG: Greenstarts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similarGovernments operating emissions trading systems face the

  20. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    I also collect data on free trade agreements and tariffs andand negatively related to free trade agreements andto be less responsive to free trade agreements and tariffs

  1. The SO2 Allowance Trading System: The Ironic History of a Grand Policy Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmalensee, Richard

    Two decades have passed Two decades have passed since the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 launched a grand experiment in market-based environmental policy: the SO2 cap-and-trade system. That system performed well but ...

  2. 1996 update on compliance and emissions trading under the U.S. acid rain program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    1998-01-01

    November 1997This paper reports on the second year of compliance with the sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions-reduction and -trading provisions of the Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). The material is intended ...

  3. Allowance trading made easy: The cash-forward settlement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartels, C.W.

    1993-11-01

    Centralized trading for cash-forward settlement adopts the most useful aspects of traditional commodity trading of spot cash and futures contracts, but eliminates those aspect which are most problematic for the regulated utility industry. Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 created a system of tradeable pollution rights which promises to achieve U.S. acid rain reduction goals at a savings of billions of dollars compared to traditional means of environmental regulation. The ultimate success of this allowance trading program depends in large part on the utility industry's capacity to integrate a new type of transaction into planning, decision-making, and cost recovery mechanism. The breadth and novelty of this challenge, along with the conservative nature of utility planners, executives, and regulators, may be one reason exploitation of allowance trading has been slow to develop.

  4. International Trade and Competitiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    importance for the U.S. forest products industry, with paper and wood products exports accounting for more exports of pulp and paper. AF&PA supports free and fair trade. In an increasingly globalized market, it is critical for the U.S. paper and wood products manufacturing industry to achieve unrestricted access

  5. An Electricity Trade Model for Microgrid Communities in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    An Electricity Trade Model for Microgrid Communities in Smart Grid Tiansong Cui, Yanzhi Wang Los Angeles, CA, USA {tcui, yanzhiwa, shahin, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract--Distributed microgrid network and a small group of energy users. In the distributed power system, each microgrid acts as a "prosumer

  6. Essays on trade, CO?, and the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Joseph S

    2013-01-01

    The first chapter of this thesis uses a general equilibrium model of trade and the environment to investigate two questions. First, how do the gains from trade compare against the environmental costs of trade? Trade can ...

  7. North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity...

  8. Trading Sex, Marking Bodies: Pornographic Trademarks and the Lanham Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasserman, David Israel

    2009-01-01

    e.g. , Anthony D'Amato, Porn Up, Rape Down (Northwesternat 239 (citing Alice Walker's Porn, in You CAN'T KEEP A GOODEroiiZed Asian in Gay Video Porn in, A 235, 243 (Kent A. Ono

  9. International Trade of Biofuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    In recent years, the production and trade of biofuels has increased to meet global demand for renewable fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel contribute much of this trade because they are the most established biofuels. Their growth has been aided through a variety of policies, especially in the European Union, Brazil, and the United States, but ethanol trade and production have faced more targeted policies and tariffs than biodiesel. This fact sheet contains a summary of the trade of biofuels among nations, including historical data on production, consumption, and trade.

  10. Essays on International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lugovskyy, Oleksandr

    2013-12-31

    Essays on International Trade By Copyright 2013 Oleksandr Lugovskyy Submitted to the Department of Economics and the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor... of Philosophy Committee members Ted Juhl, Chairperson Paul Comolli Joseph Sicilian Alexandre Skiba Bozenna Pasik-Duncan Date defended: August 16, 2013 The Dissertation Committee for Oleksandr Lugovskyy certifies that this is the approved version of the following...

  11. A Secret Alpine Valley Jerry R. Hobbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    A Secret Alpine Valley Jerry R. Hobbs Years ago when I was hiking through the Alps in Switzerland, I reached the top of the high pass called Bonderkrinde, just before the town of Kan­ dersteg valley and 1100 feet above, there is another, smaller, secret valley---the Gasterntal. Flat green fields

  12. A Secret Alpine Valley Jerry R. Hobbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    A Secret Alpine Valley Jerry R. Hobbs Years ago when I was hiking through the Alps in Switzerland, I reached the top of the high pass called Bonderkrinde, just before the town of Kan- dersteg valley and 1100 feet above, there is another, smaller, secret valley--the Gasterntal. Flat green fields

  13. Locating Secret Messages in Images Ian Davidson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ian

    Locating Secret Messages in Images Ian Davidson Computer Science, SUNY Albany 1400 Washington in innocuous media such as images, while steganalysis is the field of detecting these secret messages contributing the most to the energy calculations of an image are deemed outliers. Typically, of the top third

  14. Allowance trading: Correcting the past and looking to the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, A.Y.; Canter, L.W.

    1995-09-01

    Allowance trading is basic to the Title IV acid rain provisions of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) in the United States; the provisions seek to achieve a 10-million-ton reduction in annual sulfur dioxide emissions from the electric power utility industry. Allowance trading, a market-based approach, is conceptually similar to the emissions trading policy of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). An allowance is defined as the authorization to emit, during or after a specified calendar year, one ton of sulfur dioxide. This paper provides an overview of the allowance trading program by summarizing some important features, particularly as they are responsive to limitations and concern as related to the precursor emissions trading program in the early to mid-1980s. Such features include a simple definition of baseline emission levels, encouragements for nationwide trading, disincentives for accumulation of excess allowance,s opportunities for leasing other short-term allowance transfer arrangements, enforcement provisions, and benefits of bonus allowances and early emission reductions. Adherence to implementation protocols for the acid rain provisions of Title IV of the CAAA will provide a good opportunity to evaluate this market-based approach for environmental quality management.

  15. Radiation Protection Act (Pennsylvania)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act combines the radiation safety provisions of The Atomic Energy Development and Radiation Control Act and the Environmental Radiation Protection Act, and empowers the Department of...

  16. WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH ON OF FISH MEAL AND OIL , ESPECIALLY DUR ING 1953 TO 1959, THE PRI NC IPAL MARKET S FOR THE PRODUCTS- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

  17. Deep water gives up another secret

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, CE

    2013-01-01

    COMMENTARY Deep water gives up another secret Craig E.important properties at deep-earth conditions: its dielec-magmas carry water from the deep interior. Water in?u- ences

  18. Matrices: A Secret Weapon Algebra 5/Trig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    Matrices: A Secret Weapon Algebra 5/Trig May 4, 2010 In this worksheet we will learn how to use zero standing for a blank space. This is displayed at the top of page 784. This can be made more

  19. Extracting secret keys from integrated circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Daihyun, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Modern cryptographic protocols are based on the premise that only authorized participants can obtain secret keys and access to information systems. However, various kinds of tampering methods have been devised to extract ...

  20. A gatekeeper chaperone complex directs translocator secretion during Type Three Secretion

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Archuleta, Tara L.; Spiller, Benjamin W.; Kubori, Tomoko

    2014-11-06

    Many Gram-negative bacteria use Type Three Secretion Systems (T3SS) to deliver effector proteins into host cells. These protein delivery machines are composed of cytosolic components that recognize substrates and generate the force needed for translocation, the secretion conduit, formed by a needle complex and associated membrane spanning basal body, and translocators that form the pore in the target cell. A defined order of secretion in which needle component proteins are secreted first, followed by translocators, and finally effectors, is necessary for this system to be effective. While the secreted effectors vary significantly between organisms, the ~20 individual protein components thatmore »form the T3SS are conserved in many pathogenic bacteria. One such conserved protein, referred to as either a plug or gatekeeper, is necessary to prevent unregulated effector release and to allow efficient translocator secretion. The mechanism by which translocator secretion is promoted while effector release is inhibited by gatekeepers is unknown. We present the structure of the Chlamydial gatekeeper, CopN, bound to a translocator-specific chaperone. The structure identifies a previously unknown interface between gatekeepers and translocator chaperones and reveals that in the gatekeeper-chaperone complex the canonical translocator-binding groove is free to bind translocators. Thus, structure-based mutagenesis of the homologous complex in Shigella reveals that the gatekeeper-chaperone-translocator complex is essential for translocator secretion and for the ordered secretion of translocators prior to effectors.« less

  1. POTENTIAL LIMITS IMPOSED BY THE MULTILATERAL TRADING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    and international level. In particular, flexibility mechanisms-emissions trading system, joint implementation (JI. In particular, the Protocol adopted flexibility mechanisms-emissions trading system (Article 17), joint

  2. Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Presentation on Hydrogen...

  3. Environmental effects of SO{sub 2} trading and banking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtraw, D.; Mansur, E.

    1999-10-15

    The widely acknowledged innovation of Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments is sulfur dioxide allowance trading, which is designed to encourage the electricity industry to minimize the cost of reducing emissions. Few studies have examined the environmental effects of trading, and none have explored the effects of banking. The authors used an integrated assessment computer model, the Tracking and Analysis Framework, to evaluate changes in emissions of SO{sub 2}, atmospheric concentrations of sulfates and deposition of sulfur, and public health benefits from reduced exposure to SO{sub 2} and particulate matter. They assessed geographic and temporal changes at the state level that result from trading and banking and compared them with estimated cost savings. The findings are not consistent with the feats of the program's critics. In the East and Northeast including New York State, an area of particular concern, the authors found that health benefits increase and sulfur deposition decrease slightly as a result of trading. Nationally, trading results in health-related benefits in addition to significant cost savings. Banking changes the timing of emissions, but the geographic consequence of banking is varied.

  4. The feasibility of effluent trading in the oil and gas industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J.A.

    1997-09-01

    In January 1996, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a policy statement endorsing wastewater effluent trading in watersheds, hoping to promote additional interest in the subject. The policy describes five types of effluent trades - point source/point source, point source/nonpoint source, pretreatment, intraplant, and nonpoint source/nonpoint source. This paper evaluates the feasibility of effluent trading for facilities in the oil and gas industry. The evaluation leads to the conclusion that potential for effluent trading is very low in the exploration and production and distribution and marketing sectors; trading potential is moderate for the refining sector except for intraplant trades, for which the potential is high. Good potential also exists for other types of water-related trades that do not directly involve effluents (e.g., wetlands mitigation banking). The potential for effluent trading in the energy industries and in other sectors would be enhanced if Congress amended the Clean Water Act (CWA) to formally authorize such trading.

  5. Replicating the carry trade through an exchange traded fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Jonathan (Jonathan W.)

    2013-01-01

    There is an overarching belief that the carry trade is a simple investment strategy based on the popular mantra of buying low and selling high. However, in reality, there are several factors that need to be taken into ...

  6. DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigerators | Department DOE1 DOE F5 DOE

  7. DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigeratorsDepartment ofHeat PumpPlan for2,for

  8. The Value of Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Mort David.

    This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

  9. Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC Vivian Hoffman, J Chisholm I. Introduction The GVRD environmental objectives are achieved. Emissions reduction credit trading (or emissions trading) is an example Valley (LFV). Section III describes the market-based instruments of emissions trading and facility

  10. Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIT CEEEPR Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Emissions Trading for Energy and Environmental Policy Research #12;MIT CEEEPR Two Types of Air Emissions Trading · Credit- · OTC/SIP-Call NOx Budget Programs: 1999- · EU's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme: 2005- ­ The first CO2

  11. NIST Standards in Trade Workshops Increase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Standards in Trade Workshops Increase Trade Opportunities and Exports for U.S. Industry Since 1995, U.S. industry has looked to the NIST Standards in Trade (SIT) Workshop Program to provide opportunities for cooperation on topics related to standards, conformity assessment and trade that are important

  12. United States Trade and Foreign Labor Interests: The Effects on Foreign Labor of Linking Trade with Labor Provisions in Bilateral U.S. Free Trade Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soleimani, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    Global Labor Standards and Free Trade: The Siamese Twins ofbilateral and regional free trade agreements (FTAs) withyear’s deadlock on the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas

  13. Trade, Environment and Sustainable Development Spring 2006 Topics in Trade Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a common myth among environmentalists: the case for free trade ignores capital flows parallels between the case for free trade and the case for free investment international vs interregional trade #12;Trade, Environment and Sustainable Development Spring 2006 Topics in Trade Theory sources of gains

  14. Emissions trading to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States : the McCain-Lieberman Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey.

    The Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 (S. 139) is the most detailed effort to date to design an economy-wide cap-and-trade system for US greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The Act caps sectors at their 2000 emissions in ...

  15. Antidotes To Regionalism: Responses to Trade Diversion Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard H.

    1993-01-01

    clients. Nonh American Free Trade Agreement. Dec 17. 1992.tlie Noith Aineikan Free Trade Agreement until line UnitedOF THi NORTH AMERICAN* FREE-TRADE AGREEMENT. U S I T C

  16. Emissions trading programs, making sense of the options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fahrer, S.

    1996-03-01

    In an attempt to move away from the traditional command-and-control approach to regulation, the US Environmental Protection Agency has begun to develop economic incentive programs. These programs encourage compliance with nationwide pollution-reduction goals, but seek industry action based on market or profit incentives, rather than fear of retribution or penalty. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) require that stringent means be taken to reduce NOx pollution in so-called ozone-nonattainment areas. Under CAAA Title IV, the SO{sub 2} trading program went into effect in 1993 to reduce acid rain. For NO{sub x}, several programs are either already in operation, or are under development. These include the Cap and Trade program, the Open Market trading program and New Source Review Offset Trading program. These 3 programs are described. To obtain a Title V operating permit, issues to consider are operation, job descriptions, certification process, value, estimating future emissions, confidentiality, permits, inter-media coordination, costs, and publicity.

  17. From Trade-to-Trade in US Treasuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dungey, Mardi; Henry, Olan; McKenzie, Michael

    will use small limit orders to search for trading counter parties. Once they have identified a dealer who has indicated a willingness to trade, they will enter into quantity negotiations, i.e. a workup will take place. This process affords greater anonymity... the dataset and characterises the data in terms of transaction size, intensity and workups. A comprehensive examination of the data is undertaken and the analysis suggests that the information content of news arrival, volume and workup time each have a role...

  18. Secrets of Nature: The Bacon Debates Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Carolyn

    Secrets of Nature: The Bacon Debates Revisited Carolyn Merchant Francis Bacon rose to power during made the early seventeenth century particularly trans- formative.1 Brian Vickers's removal of Bacon for the criticism of Bacon demeans both Bacon and those who have contex- tualized his thought. By using debasing

  19. Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Print Thursday, 14 February 2013 00:00 An international team led by John Tainer...

  20. Protein signaling via type III secretion pathways in phytopathogenic bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    109 Protein signaling via type III secretion pathways in phytopathogenic bacteria Mary Beth Mudgett secretion pathway has revealed new mechanisms by which phytopathogenic bacteria infect plants are continually exposed to a number of potentially pathogenic bacteria. Phytopathogenic bacteria, in general

  1. BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain Berkeley Researchers and Supercomputers to Help Create a Standard 3D Neuron...

  2. International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2012-01-01

    agreements, trade policy, and environmental policy in an1 Introduction 2 Trade policy and environmental policy 3 The2 Trade policy and environmental policy Environmentalists

  3. Emissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and Investment in Pollution Abatement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    2005-01-01

    Foss, B . "Carbon Emissions Trading is New Weapon to BattleBehavior and the Emission Trading Market, Resources andof Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Trading." The Journal of

  4. BP's Perspective on Emissions Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BP's Perspective on Emissions Trading Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop April 30, 2010 Mark - Government policies can create a carbon price via three primary mechanisms: - Emissions trading (BP's strong

  5. Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935: 1935--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-15

    This report provides an economic and legislative history and analysis of the Public Utilities Holding Company Act (PUHCA) of 1935. This Act was substantially amended for the first time in 1992 by passage of the Energy Policy Act (EPACT). The report also includes a discussion of the issues which led to the amendment of PUHCA and projections of the impact of these changes on the electric industry. The report should be of use to Federal and State regulators, trade associations, electric utilities, independent power producers, as well as decision-makers in Congress and the Administration.

  6. Essays on international trade and investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Heiwai

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three essays on international trade and investment. In the first essay, I study how cross-country differences in labor market institutions shape the pattern of international trade with a focus ...

  7. Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

    2013-01-01

    coal, oil, gas) to international trade in products (Davis etas traded oil). Globally, consumption of products was moreproducts consumed in many of the same countries increasingly rely on coal, oil and

  8. Emission trading with absolute and intensity caps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Jaemin

    2005-01-01

    The Kyoto Protocol introduced emission trading to help reduce the cost of compliances for the Annex B countries that have absolute caps. However, we need to expand the emission trading to cover developing countries in order ...

  9. Essays on trades and security prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obizhaeva, Anna

    2007-01-01

    This thesis consists of three chapters that investigate the complex relation between security prices and trades of market participants. In the first chapter, I study the evolution of stock prices after trades with different ...

  10. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    Trade in 2 Augmented Gravity: Accounting for Production 2.13 Production Sharing and Trade Costs Over 3.1of the Database . . . . . . . 3.3 Production Sharing over

  11. What Can We Expect to Gain from Reforming the Insolvent Trading Remedy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard

    2015-01-02

    Rickett (eds) Corporate Personality in the 20th Century, (Oxford: Hart, 1998). 14 Insolvency Act 1986 s.214(2)(b). See e.g. F. Oditah “Wrongful Trading” [1990] LMCLQ 205, 207-211 15 See e.g. Keay, “Company Directors Responsibility to Creditors”, n 11...

  12. Ex post evaluation of tradable permits : the U.S. SO? cap-and-trade program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. SO2 cap-and-trade program was established as a result of the enactment of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (1990 CAAA) under the authority granted by Title IV, which included several measures to reduce precursor ...

  13. Emissions trading: principles and practice. 2nd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tietenberg, T.H.

    2006-02-15

    The author demonstrates how emissions trading became an attractive alternative to command-and-control policies that would have required the EPA to disallow the opening of new plants in the middle of the recession-burdened 1970s. His examination of the evolution of this system includes, among other applications, the largest multinational trading system ever conceived, the European Union's Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Scheme (EUETG), and the use of emissions trading in the Kyoto Protocol.

  14. SBIR and Global Trade Summit Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation from the July 26, 2012 trade summit in Uncasville, Connecticut, presented by the Small Business Innovation Research program.

  15. ICTSD Project on Trade and Sustainable Land Management International Centre for Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Sustainable Development Selected Issue Briefs ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands August 2007 #12;#12;August 2007 ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands Selected Issue

  16. Embedding Secret Data in HTML Web Page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dey, Sandipan; Sanyal, Sugata

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we suggest a novel data hiding technique in an HTML Web page. HTML Tags are case insensitive and hence an alphabet in lowercase and one in uppercase present inside an HTML tag are interpreted in the same manner by the browser,i.e., change in case in an web page is imperceptible to the browser. We basically exploit this redundancy and use it to embed secret data inside an web page, with no changes visible to the user of the web page, so that he can not even suspect about the data hiding. The embedded data can be recovered by viewing the source of the HTML page. This technique can easily be extended to embed secret message inside any piece of source-code where the standard interpreter of that language is case-insensitive.

  17. Oil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    Oil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013 #12;2 What does IST do? Imports crude oil and other Markets BP's equity crude oil, NGLs and natural gas Generates entrepreneurial trading income Manages BP trader, focussing on US crude oil futures. How would you trade the following timeline of events: a

  18. For Fair Trade "We can compete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    everywhere. To learn more about Canada's lumber subsidies, and how to restore fair and free lumber tradeFor Fair Trade "We can compete against any lumber industry in the world, but we can't compete of subsidizing Canadian lumber production. These unfair trade practices have caused hundreds of U.S. lumber mill

  19. The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract Climate change, international trade, investment and technology transfer are all issues that haveThe Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda CEPS Working Document No. 295/June 2008 Thomas L. Brewer............................................................................ 6 3.2 Coverage of the Multilateral Climate and Trade Regimes

  20. Structural mapping of the ClpB ATPases of Plasmodium falciparum: Targeting protein folding and secretion for antimalarial drug design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AhYoung, AP; Koehl, A; Cascio, D; Egea, PF

    2015-01-01

    falciparum: Targeting protein folding and secretion forfalciparum: targeting protein folding and secretion for

  1. North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

    1999-06-23

    -term view of U.S.-Mexico trade and the implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)....

  2. Intergovernmental Personnel Act Assignments

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-08-24

    This Manual implements provisions of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) within the Department of Energy (DOE) and establishes requirements, responsibilities, and authority for effecting assignments under the Act. Does not cancel other directives.

  3. Recovery Act Milestones

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rogers, Matt

    2013-05-29

    Every 100 days, the Department of Energy is held accountable for a progress report on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Update at 200 days, hosted by Matt Rogers, Senior Advisor to Secretary Steven Chu for Recovery Act Implementation.

  4. ACT-ARA

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003092IBMPC00 ACT-ARA: Code System for the Calculation of Changes in Radiological Source Terms with Time   

  5. Draft framework for watershed-based trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-05-30

    Effluent trading is an innovative way for water quality agencies and community stakeholders to develop common-sense, cost-effective solutions for water quality problems in their watersheds. Trading can allow communities to grow and prosper while retaining their commitment to water quality. The bulk of this framework discusses effluent trading in watersheds. Remaining sections discuss transactions that, while not technically fulfilling the definition of `effluent` trade, do involve the exchange of valued water quality or other ecological improvements between partners responding to market initiatives. This document therefore includes activities such as trades within a facility (intra-plant trading) and wetland mitigation banking, effluent trading/watersheds/watershed management/water quality protection/water quality management.

  6. Structural Basis for Alginate Secretion Across the Bacterial Outer Membrane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J Whitney; I Hay; C Li; P Eckford; H Robinson; M Amaya; L Wood; D Ohman; C Bear; et al.

    2011-12-31

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the predominant pathogen associated with chronic lung infection among cystic fibrosis patients. During colonization of the lung, P. aeruginosa converts to a mucoid phenotype characterized by the overproduction of the exopolysaccharide alginate. Secretion of newly synthesized alginate across the outer membrane is believed to occur through the outer membrane protein AlgE. Here we report the 2.3 {angstrom} crystal structure of AlgE, which reveals a monomeric 18-stranded {beta}-barrel characterized by a highly electropositive pore constriction formed by an arginine-rich conduit that likely acts as a selectivity filter for the negatively charged alginate polymer. Interestingly, the pore constriction is occluded on either side by extracellular loop L2 and an unusually long periplasmic loop, T8. In halide efflux assays, deletion of loop T8 ({Delta}T8-AlgE) resulted in a threefold increase in anion flux compared to the wild-type or {Delta}L2-AlgE supporting the idea that AlgE forms a transport pathway through the membrane and suggesting that transport is regulated by T8. This model is further supported by in vivo experiments showing that complementation of an algE deletion mutant with {Delta}T8-AlgE impairs alginate production. Taken together, these studies support a mechanism for exopolysaccharide export across the outer membrane that is distinct from the Wza-mediated translocation observed in canonical capsular polysaccharide export systems.

  7. Structural basis for alginate secretion across the bacterial outer membrane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitney, J.C.; Robinson, H.; Hay, I. D.; Li, C.; Eckford, P. D. W.; Amaya, M. F.; Wood, L. F.; Ohman, D. E.; Bear, C. E.; Rehm, B. H.; Howell, P. L.

    2011-08-09

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the predominant pathogen associated with chronic lung infection among cystic fibrosis patients. During colonization of the lung, P. aeruginosa converts to a mucoid phenotype characterized by the overproduction of the exopolysaccharide alginate. Secretion of newly synthesized alginate across the outer membrane is believed to occur through the outer membrane protein AlgE. Here we report the 2.3 {angstrom} crystal structure of AlgE, which reveals a monomeric 18-stranded {beta}-barrel characterized by a highly electropositive pore constriction formed by an arginine-rich conduit that likely acts as a selectivity filter for the negatively charged alginate polymer. Interestingly, the pore constriction is occluded on either side by extracellular loop L2 and an unusually long periplasmic loop, T8. In halide efflux assays, deletion of loop T8 ({Delta}T8-AlgE) resulted in a threefold increase in anion flux compared to the wild-type or {Delta}L2-AlgE supporting the idea that AlgE forms a transport pathway through the membrane and suggesting that transport is regulated by T8. This model is further supported by in vivo experiments showing that complementation of an algE deletion mutant with {Delta}T8-AlgE impairs alginate production. Taken together, these studies support a mechanism for exopolysaccharide export across the outer membrane that is distinct from the Wza-mediated translocation observed in canonical capsular polysaccharide export systems.

  8. Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed: Solar Energy Capture...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rechargeable Heat Battery Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed Solar energy capture in chemical form makes it storable and transportable January 11, 2011 | Tags: Chemistry,...

  9. Kinetic regulation of coated vesicle secretion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lionel Foret; Pierre Sens

    2008-07-28

    The secretion of vesicles for intracellular transport often rely on the aggregation of specialized membrane-bound proteins into a coat able to curve cell membranes. The nucleation and growth of a protein coat is a kinetic process that competes with the energy-consuming turnover of coat components between the membrane and the cytosol. We propose a generic kinetic description of coat assembly and the formation of coated vesicles, and discuss its implication to the dynamics of COP vesicles that traffic within the Golgi and with the Endoplasmic Reticulum. We show that stationary coats of fixed area emerge from the competition between coat growth and the recycling of coat components, in a fashion resembling the treadmilling of cytoskeletal filaments. We further show that the turnover of coat components allows for a highly sensitive switching mechanism between a quiescent and a vesicle producing membrane, upon a slowing down of the exchange kinetics. We claim that the existence of this switching behaviour, also triggered by factors such as the presence of cargo and variation of the membrane mechanical tension, allows for efficient regulation of vesicle secretion. We propose a model, supported by different experimental observations, in which vesiculation of secretory membranes is impaired by the energy consuming desorption of coat proteins, until the presence of cargo or other factors triggers a dynamical switch into a vesicle producing state.

  10. Secretion of clostridium cellulase by E. coli

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, Ida Kuo (1885 California St., #62, Mountain View, CA 94041)

    1998-01-01

    A gene, encoding an endocellulase from a newly isolated mesophilic Clostridium strain IY-2 which can digest bamboo fibers, cellulose, rice straw, and sawdust, was isolated by shotgun cloning in an E. coli expression plasmid pLC2833. E. coli positive clones were selected based on their ability to hydrolyze milled bamboo fibers and cellulose present in agar plates. One clone contained a 2.8 kb DNA fragment that was responsible for cellulase activity. Western blot analyses indicated that the positive clone produced a secreted cellulase with a mass of about 58,000 daltons that was identical in size to the subunit of one of the three major Clostridium cellulases. The products of cellulose digestion by this cloned cellulase were cellotetraose and soluble higher polymers. The cloned DNA contained signal sequences capable of directing the secretion of heterologous proteins from an E. coli host. The invention describes a bioprocess for the treatment of cellulosic plant materials to produce cellular growth substrates and fermentation end products suitable for production of liquid fuels, solvents, and acids.

  11. Multilateral, regional and bilateral energy trade governance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leal-Arcas, Rafael; Grasso, Costantino; Rios, Juan Alemany )

    2014-12-01

    The current international energy trade governance system is fragmented and multi-layered. Streamlining it for greater legal cohesiveness and international political and economic cooperation would promote global energy security. The current article explores three levels of energy trade governance: multilateral, regional and bilateral. Most energy-rich countries are part of the multilateral trading system, which is institutionalized by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The article analyzes the multilateral energy trade governance system by focusing on the WTO and energy transportation issues. Regionally, the article focuses on five major regional agreements and their energy-related aspects and examines the various causes that explain the proliferation of regional trade agreements, their compatibility with WTO law, and then provides several examples of regional energy trade governance throughout the world. When it comes to bilateral energy trade governance, this article only addresses the European Union’s (EU) bilateral energy trade relations. The article explores ways in which gaps could be filled and overlaps eliminated whilst remaining true to the high-level normative framework, concentrating on those measures that would enhance EU energy security.

  12. U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    and Technology Assessment Unit at the Forest Products Laboratory. Chris McKeever created computer files managers, forest industries, trade associations, forestry schools, renewable resource organizations

  13. International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be subject to the same principles of comparable open access and non-discrimination that apply...

  14. Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  15. November2013Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Myanmar: The Political Economy of Myanmar's Timber Trade #12;#12;Timber Trade Flows and Actors in MyanmarNovember2013Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance Timber Trade Flows and Actors The Political Economy of Myanmar's Timber Trade Kevin Woods November 2013 #12;Acknowledgments The author, Kevin

  16. MasterofInternationalTrade(MIT) About the MIT Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    used to evaluate the effects of free trade on national economics. Students will explore classical, the General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade, and the North American Free Trade AgreementMasterofInternationalTrade(MIT) About the MIT Program The Master of International Trade (MIT

  17. Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

    2009-01-01

    competitiveness in the eu emissions trading scheme: Policyand-trade systems for emissions trading is the allocation orciency of the resulting emissions trading market. Certainly

  18. South Korea–U.S. free trade agreement will lower export barriers for California products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A

    2011-01-01

    DA. 2009. The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea:Index.html. USTR. 2011. Free trade agreements. www.ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements. South Korea

  19. Ship noise and cortisol secretion in European freshwater fishes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladich, Friedrich

    Ship noise and cortisol secretion in European freshwater fishes Lidia Eva Wysocki*, John P. Dittami October 2005 Accepted 11 October 2005 Available online 28 November 2005 Keywords: Fish Ship noise Stress response Cortisol secretion Hearing A B S T R A C T Underwater noise pollution is a growing problem

  20. Aspects of Late Helladic sea trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachhuber, Christoph Stephen

    2004-09-30

    ASPECTS OF LATE HELLADIC SEA TRADE A Thesis by CHRISTOPH... ASPECTS OF LATE HELLADIC SEA TRADE A Thesis by CHRISTOPH BACHHUBER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved as to style and content by...

  1. Maryland's efforts to develop regulations creating an air emissions offset trading program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guy, D.M.; Zaw-Mon, M.

    1999-07-01

    Under the federal Clean Air Act's New Source Review program, many companies located in or planning to locate in areas that do not meet federal air quality standards or in the Northeast Ozone Transport Region (northern Virginia to Maine) must obtain emission reductions (called offsets) of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides that are greater than the new emissions that will be released. This offset requirement allows growth in industry while protecting air quality against deterioration. Despite the federal offset requirement, a formal banking and trading program is not mandated by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Still, a mechanism is needed to ensure that emission reduction credits (ERCs) are available for sources to use to meet the offset requirement. Currently, Maryland does not have regulations covering the sale or transfer of ERCs from one facility to another. Maryland works with industry on a case-by-case basis to identify potential sources of ERCs and to assist in obtaining them. Then, the offset requirement and the ERCs used to meet the offsets are incorporated into individual permits using various permitting mechanisms. Desiring certainty and stability in the banking and trading process, Maryland's business community has pressed for regulations to formalize Maryland's procedures. Working over several years through a stakeholder process, Maryland has developed concepts for a trading program and a draft regulation. This paper describes Maryland's current case-by-case banking and trading procedure and traces efforts to develop a regulation to formalize the process. The paper discusses complex policy issues related to establishing a banking and trading program, describes the principal elements of Maryland's draft regulation, and summarizes elements of other states' emissions banking and trading programs.

  2. ARM - Recovery Act

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecovery Act Recovery Act Logo Subscribe FAQs Recovery Act

  3. Fighting Iran with Trade Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2014-01-01

    Prohibitions against Iranian Energy Sector ........................ 314 1. Prohibition Against Helping Iran Produce Refined Petroleum Products ................................................................................ 315 2. Prohibition Against... ................................................... 338 X. PHASE 10: 2013 DEFENSE ACT TIGHTENING ENERGY, SHIPPING, AND FINANCIAL SANCTIONS, PLUS SHIPBUILDING, PORT, AND PRECIOUS METAL SANCTIONS ...... 339 A. Novel Link Between Iranian Human Rights Abuses and American National Security...

  4. The Export Question: Designing Policy for British Columbia Electricity Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    The Export Question: Designing Policy for British Columbia Electricity Trade Dr. George Hoberg..........................................................................................................................................5 2 BC's Electricity Trade Picture: Context and Trends........................................................................6 2.1 How electricity trading works

  5. Market power in international carbon emissions trading: a laboratory test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlén, Björn.

    The prospect that governments of one or a few large countries, or trading blocs, would engage in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade would be ...

  6. Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop Introduction and Overview manner. Workshop rather than conference. #12;What is Emissions Trading? (or "Cap and Trade") · Cap & Enforcement · Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) mechanisms for reductions #12;Five Emissions

  7. Market Microstructure Patterns Powering Trading and Surveillance Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Market Microstructure Patterns Powering Trading and Surveillance Agents Longbing Cao (University are then used for powering market trading and surveillance agents for automatically detecting market models. From data analysis perspective, we view it valuable for smart trading in designing legal

  8. EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P...

  9. International Trade in Used Vehicles: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas

    2009-01-01

    B.   and  Taylor,  S.   “Is  Free  Trade  Good  for  the and  the  Mexico?U.S.  Free Trade Agreement,” in P.  M.  ed. , The Mexico?U.S.  Free Trade Agreement,  Cambridge, 

  10. Global Trade Policy Development in a Two-Track System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crump, Larry

    2006-01-01

    Australian–United States free trade agreement’ 56 Australian2002; Thailand–Australia Free Trade Agreement of 2004). OfThe Singapore–Australia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) can be

  11. Meeting Summary, Credit Trading Work Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2000-12-07

    OAK-B135 Credit Trading Work Group Meeting Summary. The purpose of the meeting is to: (1) Provide an opportunity for NWCC Work Group Members, NWCC Members, and invited expert participants to hear an overview of the draft NWCC Credit Trading Report and to critically review and discuss the report's recommendations and principles. (2) Hear presentations from several perspectives of other experts on credit trading which provide: (a) a brief summary of credit trading activities they are involved in, and (b) critical responses to the NWCC draft report. (3) Identify how the report can be improved at the big picture level. Attempt to resolve issues or concerns if necessary. (4) Discuss the recommendations and credit trading principles in detail and attempt to reach consensus on these sections for presentation to the NWCC. (5) Discuss if any of the outreach and communication recommendations in the report should be conducted by the NWCC.

  12. Radiation Management Act (Oklahoma)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act establishes The Department of Environmental Quality as the designated official agency of the State of Oklahoma for all regulatory activities for the use of atomic energy and sources of...

  13. Energy and Water Act

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Letter 2004-02 - FY 2004 Le2islation Provisions (dated March 1.2004) Energy and Water Act AL-2004-02 provides guidance regarding the implementation of Section 30 I. 304....

  14. Paperwork Reduction Act

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Paperwork Reduction Act requires that all federal websites request permission from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before collecting information from 10 or more members of the public....

  15. Commodity Money in a Convex Trading Post Sequence Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:signal its supply. The trading post sequence economy modelin a Walrasian trading post example,” Economics Letters,

  16. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trading Company to export electric energy to Canada. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-232 OGE Energy Resources Inc EA-249...

  17. Energy-Focused Trade Mission Will Yield Positive Effects for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    trade mission focused on connecting U.S. businesses with opportunities in the green infrastructure and energy efficiency industries. This trade mission will promote...

  18. Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy...

  19. Federal Energy Management Trade Show | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Federal Energy Management Trade Show Federal Energy Management Trade Show Addthis 1 of 4 Timothy Unruh, Program Manager for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy...

  20. Distributional effects of trade and tariffs between and within countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobal, Martin

    2012-01-01

    126 Model Setup and Free-Tradeand the economy approaches free trade ( increases). As tradeas the economy approaches free trade. Turning back to our

  1. High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production Builders - Building America Top Innovation High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production Builders -...

  2. Massachusetts Clean Air Act (Massachusetts)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Act contains regulations to prevent the pollution and contamination of the atmosphere. The Act establishes a contiguous metropolitan pollution control district, comprised of towns in the...

  3. Recovery Act State Memos Virginia

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    * VIRGINIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Virginia has substantial natural resources, including coal and natural gas. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a...

  4. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Select News and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    .txt.pdf SUMMARIES AND OVERVIEWS Summary of Major Provisions - Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/incentives_laws_security.html TESTIMONY, COMMENTS, AND ANALYSES: COALITIONS, TRADE ASSOCIATIONS, SCHOLARS, AND CONSULTANTS The following Independence and Security Act of 2007 - Environmental Protection Agency testimony to House Committee - May 6

  5. Heat Management Strategy Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nick Soelberg; Steve Priebe; Dirk Gombert; Ted Bauer

    2009-09-01

    This Heat Management Trade Study was performed in 2008-2009 to expand on prior studies in continued efforts to analyze and evaluate options for cost-effectively managing SNF reprocessing wastes. The primary objective was to develop a simplified cost/benefit evaluation for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing that combines the characteristics of the waste generated through reprocessing with the impacts of the waste on heating the repository. Under consideration were age of the SNF prior to reprocessing, plutonium and minor actinide (MA) separation from the spent fuel for recycle, fuel value of the recycled Pu and MA, age of the remaining spent fuel waste prior to emplacement in the repository, length of time that active ventilation is employed in the repository, and elemental concentration and heat limits for acceptable glass waste form durability. A secondary objective was to identify and qualitatively analyze remaining issues such as (a) impacts of aging SNF prior to reprocessing on the fuel value of the recovered fissile materials, and (b) impact of reprocessing on the dose risk as developed in the Yucca Mountain Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). Results of this study can be used to evaluate different options for managing decay heat in waste streams from spent nuclear fuel.

  6. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Reliable Secret Sharing With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marten van Dijk, Daihyun Lim, Srinivas Devadas 2004 Computation Structures Group Memo 475 The Stata Laboratory #12;#12;Reliable Secret Sharing With Physical Random Functions Marten van Dijk Daihyun Lim

  7. Ergodic Secret Alignment for the Fading Multiple Access Wiretap Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Ergodic Secret Alignment for the Fading Multiple Access Wiretap Channel Raef Bassily Sennur Ulukus a technique (on top of Gaussian signaling) that uses the power of a non-transmitting node in jamming

  8. X-ray imaging reveals secrets in battery materials | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-ray imaging reveals secrets in battery materials June 22, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint Imaging and data analysis techniques offer new approach to probing material properties In a new...

  9. ARM - Recovery Act Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendarPress Releases Related2ActRecovery Act Instruments

  10. Electric trade in the United States 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-08-01

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

  11. Equity and Emissions Trading in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, D.

    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...

  12. The temporal efficiency of SO? emissions trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical evaluation of the temporal efficiency of the U.S. Acid Rain Program, which implemented a nationwide market for trading and banking sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission allowances. We first develop ...

  13. Is international emissions trading always beneficial?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babiker, Mustafa H.M.

    Economic efficiency is a major argument for the inclusion of an international emission permit trading system under the Kyoto Protocol. Using a partial equilibrium framework, energy system models have shown that implementing ...

  14. An empirical analysis of quantitative trading strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiuchi, Masaharu

    2008-01-01

    Along with the increasing computing power, growing availability of various data streams, introduction of the electronic exchanges, decreasing trading costs and heating-up competition in financial investment industry, ...

  15. Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

    2013-01-01

    imported products or fossil fuels are more exposed to energytrade in carbon (as fossil fuels and also embodied inWithin this, trade in fossil fuels was larger (10.8 GtCO 2

  16. Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas

    2007-01-01

    Rate and Job Flows in Brazil,” Journal of Policy Reform,intensive occupations in Brazil’s traded-goods sector isinput tari? (in z jt ). Brazil’s nominal exchange rate is

  17. Port Royal, Jamaica, and the slave trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, David A

    2000-01-01

    for understanding the conduct of the slave trade in Port Royal. Primary documents, which include official records, personal accounts, correspondence, probate inventories, wills and records of deeds and grants, reveal information beyond census and volume...

  18. Structure of the minor pseudopilin XcpW from the Pseudomonas aeruginosa type II secretion system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, Laura P.; Douzi, Badreddine; Durand, Eric; Dyer, David H.; Voulhouxd, Romé; Forest, Katrina T.

    2012-01-13

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizes the type II secretion machinery to transport virulence factors through the outer membrane into the extracellular space. Five proteins in the type II secretion system share sequence homology with pilin subunits of type IV pili and are called the pseudopilins. The major pseudopilin X{sub cp}T{sub G} assembles into an intraperiplasmic pilus and is thought to act in a piston-like manner to push substrates through an outer membrane secretin. The other four minor pseudopilins, X{sub cp}U{sub H}, X{sub cp}V{sub I}, X{sub cp}W{sub J} and X{sub cp}X{sub K}, play less well defined roles in pseudopilus formation. It was recently discovered that these four minor pseudopilins form a quaternary complex that is presumed to initiate the formation of the pseudopilus and to localize to its tip. Here, the structure of X{sub cp}W{sub J} was refined to 1.85 {angstrom} resolution. The structure revealed the type IVa pilin fold with an embellished variable antiparallel {beta}-sheet as also found in the X{sub cp}W{sub J} homologue enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli G{sub sp}J{sub W} and the X{sub cp}U{sub H} homologue Vibrio cholerae E{sub ps}U{sub H}. It is proposed that the exposed surface of this sheet may cradle the long N-terminal 1 helix of another pseudopilin. The final 31 amino acids of the X{sub cp}W{sub J} structure are instrinsically disordered. Deletion of this unstructured region of X{sub cp}W{sub J} did not prevent type II secretion in vivo.

  19. The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading Tianyu Qi, Niven Trading Tianyu Qi* , Niven Winchester , Valerie J. Karplus and Xiliang Zhang Abstract Emissions trading of the European Union's Emissions Trading System with a new system in Australia in 2015, this paper simulates

  20. 7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis Background On April 30, 2010, more than 70 people gathered for an all-day workshop on emissions trading at Purdue University's Discovery of different emission trading proposals. The need for such discussion is great. Pollution trading is a high

  1. Bargaining-based Energy Trading Market for Interconnected Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Bargaining-based Energy Trading Market for Interconnected Microgrids Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang trading among mul- tiple connected microgrids, and analyzes the impacts of such trading on the microgrids' costs. In our model, microgrids with excessive power generations can trade with other microgrids

  2. Agricultural Trade and the U.S. Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Taylor, Timothy G.; Fairchild, Gary F.; Harris, Harold M.; Rosson, C. Parr

    1999-06-23

    trade disputes, cause interna- tional trade to be perceived as us versus them, where one country gains only if another country loses. In fact, international trade is not funda- mentally different from the inter-regional trade among states in the U...

  3. STOLPER-SAMUELSON REVISITED: TRADE AND DISTRIBUTION WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    of trade. In the original version of this theorem, free trade raises the real price of a country's abundantSTOLPER-SAMUELSON REVISITED: TRADE AND DISTRIBUTION WITH OLIGOPOLISTIC PROFITS Robert A. Blecker the distributional impact of international trade when goods markets are oligopolistic and firms partially pass

  4. Electric trade in the United States, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-01

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

  5. Ion Secretion by Salt Glands of Desert Iguanas (Dipsosaurus dorsalis) Lisa C. Hazard*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazard, Lisa C.

    22 Ion Secretion by Salt Glands of Desert Iguanas (Dipsosaurus dorsalis) Lisa C. Hazard* DepartmentCl-secreting salt glands of many birds and reptiles, the nasal salt glands of lizards can secrete potassium as well iguana, Dipsosaurus dorsalis. Lizards were given combinations of ions for several days, and secreted salt

  6. American Disabilities Act

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits private employers, state and local governments, employment agencies and labor unions from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment.

  7. Free Trade Agreements in the World Trade Organization: The Experience of East Asia and the Japan-Mexico Economic Partnership Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turinov, Anna

    2008-01-01

    at 4. 51. Id. at 4-5. FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN THE WTO miesFREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION: THEAsia's Arrival into Free Trade 3.2. Systemic

  8. Georgia Shore Assistance Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pendergrast, C.

    1984-01-01

    The Georgia General Assembly passed the Shore Assistance Act in 1979 in order to fill a regulatory gap in the state's management of its coastal resources. A review of its legislative history, purposes, applications, and effects in terms of the sand sharing system of sand dunes, beaches, sandbars, and shoals concludes that the Act is poorly drafted. In its application on the oceanfront, it betrays its intent and protects the oceanfront owner. It has failed to satisfy the requirements of the public trust in the tidal foreshore. Amendments to clarify its understanding of the functions and values of the sand-sharing system should also conform with the state's duties under the public trust. 139 references.

  9. Climate Change, the Clean Air Act, and Industrial Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaswan, Alice

    2012-01-01

    trading program, the Emissions Trading System (ETS), and inCLIMATE CHANGE: THE EU EMISSIONs TRADING Sci HlME (ETS) GEsRegulatory Agency in Emissions Trading, 59 ADMIN. L. Riv.

  10. Toxic Substances Control Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-15

    This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Toxic Substances Control Act and those regulations that implement the statute and appear to be most relevant to DOE activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

  11. Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoversten, Shanna

    2008-08-07

    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) could become an instrumental part of a future carbon trading system in the US. If the US starts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similar to that of the European Union's then limits on CO{sub 2} emissions will be conservative in the beginning stages. The government will most likely start by distributing most credits for free; these free credits are called allowances. The US may follow the model of the EU ETS, which during the first five-year phase distributed 95% of the credits for free, bringing that level down to 90% for the second five-year phase. As the number of free allowances declines, companies will be forced to purchase an increasing number of credits at government auction, or else obtain them from companies selling surplus credits. In addition to reducing the number of credits allocated for free, with each subsequent trading period the number of overall credits released into the market will decline in an effort to gradually reduce overall emissions. Companies may face financial difficulty as the value of credits continues to rise due to the reduction of the number of credits available in the market each trading period. Governments operating emissions trading systems face the challenge of achieving CO{sub 2} emissions targets without placing such a financial burden on their companies that the country's economy is markedly affected.

  12. Economics of pollution trading for SO{sub 2} and NOx

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dallas Burtraw; David A. Evans; Alan Krupnick; Karen Palmer; Russell Toth

    2005-03-15

    For years economists have urged policymakers to use market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade programs or emission taxes to control pollution. The sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) allowance market created by Title IV of the 1990 US Clean Air Act Amendments represents the first real test of the wisdom of economists' advice. Subsequent urban and regional applications of NOx emission allowance trading took shape in the 1990s in the United States, culminating in a second large experiment in emission trading in the eastern United States that began in 2003. This paper provides an overview of the economic rationale for emission trading and a description of the major US programs for SO{sub 2} and nitrogen oxides. These programs are evaluated along measures of performance including cost savings, environmental integrity, and incentives for technological innovation. The authors offer lessons for the design of future programs including, most importantly, those reducing carbon dioxide. 128 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  13. Energy futures: Trading opportunities for the 1990s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treat, J.E.

    1990-01-01

    This volume contains an edited collection of views from practitioners in the rapidly growing area of energy futures and options trading, a major element of risk management. Four chapters are devoted to Trading Theories and Strategies. This section is aimed at the specialist in energy, rather than finance. The complexities of options trading are described in another chapter. The remaining sections of this book present a variety of topics in this field including Natural Gas Trading and Futures, Energy Futures and Options Trading, and Accounting, Taxation and Internal Control. The book is a good introduction and reference to the mechanics and institutions of energy futures contracts and trading.

  14. Secret Sharing with a Single d-level Quantum System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armin Tavakoli; Isabelle Herbauts; Marek Zukowski; Mohamed Bourennane

    2015-06-15

    We give an example of a wide class of problems for which quantum information protocols based on multi-system entanglement can be mapped into much simpler ones involving one system. Secret sharing is a cryptographic primitive which plays a central role in various secure multiparty computation tasks and management of keys in cryptography. In secret sharing protocols, a classical message is divided into shares given to recipient parties in such a way that some number of parties need to collaborate in order to reconstruct the message. Quantum protocols for the task commonly rely on multi-partite GHZ entanglement. We present a multiparty secret sharing protocol which requires only sequential communication of a single quantum d-level system (for any prime d). It has huge advantages in scalabilility and can be realized with the state of the art technology. n be realized with the state of the art technology.

  15. EA-319-A Fortis Energy Marketing & Trading GP (BNP Paribas Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (BNP Paribas Energy Trading GP) to export electric energy to Canada EA-319-A Fortis Energy Marketing & Trading GP (BNP Paribas Energy Trading GP) More Documents & Publications...

  16. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    Market power in emissions trading: strategically manipu-of auctions for emissions trading. Retrieved from Climatepricing under carbon emissions trading: A dominant firm with

  17. Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    2008-01-01

    policy- the RECLAIM emission trading policy." Environ.Incentives Market: a new emissions trading program for Lospolitical feasibility of emissions trading programs. See,

  18. Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM and Toxics Regulation in the South Coast Air Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Nancy J.

    1993-01-01

    Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM anda mar- ket-based emissions trading program called theimpacts cre- ated by emissions trading programs that affect

  19. Strategic Behavior, Private Information, and Decentralization in the European Union Emissions Trading System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malueg, David A.; Yates, Andrew J.

    2009-01-01

    in the European Union emissions trading scheme. Rev EnvironDecentralization in the EU emissions trading scheme andthe European Union Emissions Trading System David A. Malueg

  20. Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost from Mobile Source Emission Reduction Credits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschein, Perry S.

    1995-01-01

    Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost From Mobilehave tested various emissions trading policies to supplementAn Analysis of EPA's Emissions Trading Program, 6 YALE J. ON

  1. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    The case of wholesale power trading in Germany Power andY. (2011). Market power in emissions trading: strategicallyto model market power in permit trading. The conjectural

  2. State Power and Trade-Environment Negotiations: Lessons from the EU, NAFTA and GATT/WTO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard

    1995-01-01

    several medium-sized powers, regional trading blocs are morestructure of power and interests in the world trading systemworld trading system, larger European powers have decided to

  3. The North American Free Trade Agreement: A Legal Analysis of Effects and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard

    1994-01-01

    Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement,' August 12,Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement," August 12,THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT: A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF

  4. Pollution Control Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act declares the maintenance of reasonable standards of purity of air and water to be the public policy of the state. The Act authorizes the Department of Health and Environmental Control to...

  5. New York Recovery Act Snapshot

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in New York are supporting a...

  6. International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

  7. Recovery Act milestone: Excavation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners * Impacts onReal-TimeRecord-SettingAct Workforcemilestone:

  8. The Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) Section 1. Trusts, etc., in restraint of trade illegal; penalty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    1890-01-01

    shall make any contract or engage in any combination or conspiracy hereby declared to be illegal shall,000,000 if a corporation, or, if any other person, $350,000, or by imprisonment not exceeding three years, or by both said shall monopolize, or attempt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any other person or persons

  9. Trade in waste among developed countries : evidence and origins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Andrew B.

    1994-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the determinants of the international trade in waste between developed countries. Data from the 1980s suggest that while the trade in waste between developed and less developed countries has ...

  10. International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2012-01-01

    of emissions trade on IEA participation Ex ante heterogenousachieving ef?cient abatement. An IEA that combines trade inhelp in creating a successful IEA. It is reasonable to use

  11. International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2012-01-01

    trade policy, and environmental policy in an attempt to help2 Trade policy and environmental policy 3 The ef?ciency ofInstitutute for Environmental Policy Solultions. S TAVINS ,

  12. Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance April 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance April 2014 Forest Products Trade between China. Whiletheglobaleconomicdownturnaffectedconsumptioninmanycountries,China'stradewithAfricaremained mostly unaffected. In particular, commodities, such as oil and gas

  13. Three empirical essays on trade and development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topalova, Petia

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and trade in India. Chapter 1 uses the sharp trade liberalization in India in the early 1990s, spurred to a large extent by external factors, ...

  14. The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01

    prices. The reason: demand for biofuel increases, and ?rst-The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment GalThe Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment ? Gal

  15. Electric trade in the United States 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This publication, Electric Trade in the US 1992 (ELECTRA), is the fourth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1992. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. Information on the physical transmission system are being included for the first time in this publication. Transmission data covering investor-owned electric utilities were shifted from the Financial Statistics of Selected Investor-Owned Electric Utilities to the ELECTRA publication. Some of the prominent features of this year`s report include information and data not published before on transmission lines for publicly owned utilities and transmission lines added during 1992 by investor-owned electric utilities.

  16. Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Indexes 20 Theoretical (Fair) Value 21 Basis 22 Cost of Carry = Basis Equity Index Futures Strategies 23e u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies e u r e x #12;Please Note The definitions of "basis" and "cost of carry" have been changed in this version of the brochure. In previous

  17. Adaptive systems for foreign exchange trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    - cal analysis. Technical analysis attempts to predict markets by identifying patterns in the price;FinancialMarkets Jones CM (2001 & 2002). Much of it has concen- trated on high frequency (intraday) trading exchange markets. Professor Michael Dempster and Graham Bates, both of the Centre for Financial Research

  18. Optimal Trading Strategy Supply/Demand Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    prices through the changes in their supply/demand.2 Thus, to study how market participants trade can have interesting implications on the observed behavior of intraday volume, volatility and prices: November 15, 2004. This Draft: April 8, 2006 Abstract The supply/demand of a security in the market

  19. Designing Adaptive Trading Agents DAVID PARDOE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    should make use of this experience. Within the context of a specific market scenario, the answer depends to the first three questions depend on the particular market scenario being considered, and our work spansDesigning Adaptive Trading Agents DAVID PARDOE Yahoo! Labs and PETER STONE The University of Texas

  20. Deep water gives up another secret Craig E. Manning1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Craig

    COMMENTARY Deep water gives up another secret Craig E. Manning1 Department of Earth and Space that constrain one of water's most important properties at deep-earth conditions: its dielec- tric constant's "ring of fire" erupt explosively because the magmas carry water from the deep interior. Water influ

  1. Turbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwald, Martin

    better analogy for fusion energy: Heating a building E Total stored energy Joules Heating rate WattsTurbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement Martin Greenwald - MIT Plasma Science: (sec) ( ) ( / sec) Volume of water gallons Source rate gallons #12;ENERGY CONFINEMENT A slightly

  2. Secret Ballot Elections in Computer Networks Hannu Nurmi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kari, Lila

    of Turku SF-20500 Turku Finland Arto Salomaa Academy of Finland and Department of Mathematics University of Turku SF-20500 Turku Finland Lila Santean Academy of Finland and Department of Mathematics University of Turku SF-20500 Turku Finland Abstract The paper presents a secret balloting system for elections car

  3. Private Circuits II: Keeping Secrets in Tamperable Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahai, Amit

    Private Circuits II: Keeping Secrets in Tamperable Circuits Yuval Ishai , Manoj Prabhakaran , Amit completely free from tampering. We obtain the first feasibility results for such private circuits. Our main serious tampering and erase all data in the memory. In terms of the information available to the adversary

  4. Secrets of Enzyme Action The Cloudy Science of Aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) in order to build technical capabilities and to explore ways to meet future mission needs. At Los Alamos: During World War II, all that the outside world knew of Los Alamos and its top-secret laboratory was the mailing address--P. O. Box 1663, Santa Fe, New Mexico.That box number, still part of our address

  5. Turbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwald, Martin

    Magnetic Confinement · Takes advantage of the motion of charged particles in a magnetic field. HOW DO WE DO. · In Toroidal devices, plasma is confined by Poloidal magnetic fields #12;\\COLLISIONAL TRANSPORT ITurbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement Presented by Martin Greenwald MIT

  6. Triple acting radial seal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ebert, Todd A (West Palm Beach, FL); Carella, John A (Jupiter, FL)

    2012-03-13

    A triple acting radial seal used as an interstage seal assembly in a gas turbine engine, where the seal assembly includes an interstage seal support extending from a stationary inner shroud of a vane ring, the interstage seal support includes a larger annular radial inward facing groove in which an outer annular floating seal assembly is secured for radial displacement, and the outer annular floating seal assembly includes a smaller annular radial inward facing groove in which an inner annular floating seal assembly is secured also for radial displacement. A compliant seal is secured to the inner annular floating seal assembly. The outer annular floating seal assembly encapsulates the inner annular floating seal assembly which is made from a very low alpha material in order to reduce thermal stress.

  7. The 2001 Trading Agent Competition Michael P. Wellman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellman, Michael P.

    to cooperate, by addressing their design energy to a common problem. The Trading Agent Competition (TACThe 2001 Trading Agent Competition Michael P. Wellman£ University of Michigan wellman@umich.edu Amy@research.att.com Peter R. Wurman North Carolina State University wurman@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract The 2001 Trading Agent

  8. Emissions Trading: What Makes It Work? Julien Chevallier1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Emissions Trading: What Makes It Work? Julien Chevallier1 04 July 2009 Abstract: At the stage permits markets. Keywords: climate change policy; emissions trading; banking borrowing; initial allocation-4Jul2009 #12;2 Review of current climate policies The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS

  9. Research Summary The EU Emissions Trading System: Opportunities for Forests?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Summary The EU Emissions Trading System: Opportunities for Forests? European forestry has sequestration provided by European forests has not been recognised by markets. The EU Emissions Trading System as part of a wider review covering emerging carbon markets. Background The EU Emissions Trading Scheme

  10. Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Leigh Raymond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Programs?* Leigh Raymond be inferred. #12;Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Programs? Abstract Early emissions trading programs have obtained a very high rate of compliance, in part by using continuous

  11. Trading Functionality for Power within Applications Melanie Kambadur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trading Functionality for Power within Applications Melanie Kambadur Columbia University melanie down a program, so they must err on the side of caution when trading performance for power. Compounding application to trade performance for power, it may not be for another, preventing the sys- tem from taking

  12. Trading Agents Competing: Performance, Progress, and Market Effectiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellman, Michael P.

    programmed trading techniques in a challenging market scenario in competition with other design groups. AfterTrading Agents Competing: Performance, Progress, and Market Effectiveness£ Michael P. Wellman, Shih Since the year 2000, the annual trading agent competition has provided a forum for designers to evaluate

  13. Trend Following Algorithms for Technical Trading in Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Si, Yain Whar "Lawrence"

    to the design of technical trading systems. It implies that the fluctuation of market trend should be monitoredTrend Following Algorithms for Technical Trading in Stock Market Simon Fong, Jackie Tai, Yain Whar-- Trend following (TF) is a rule-based trading mechanism that taps on the movements of long-term market

  14. International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du and Sergey Paltsev Report No. 271;1 International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where

  15. Trade Diversion from Tomato Suspension Agreements Kathy Baylis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    the effect of the VPR on trade in fresh tomatoes among the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTATrade Diversion from Tomato Suspension Agreements Kathy Baylis* Assistant Professor, Agriculture-3310 Abstract: Trade barriers can cause output to be diverted to other countries and into other products. We

  16. Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Al Gore went on prime-time television to debate Ross Perot, a foe of free trade, in a clash Mr. Gore is widely believed to have won. The debate helped propel supporters of the North American Free Trade isn't going away whether Cafta gets approved or not. Free-trade Democrats should be using

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental aspects in free trade agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental aspects in free trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region Astrid been made. Since the 1990s, environmental issues have been addressed by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and in recent times by trans-regional and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs

  18. An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamlen, Kevin W.

    country when free trade is made available. One of the most important learning lessons for the students91 An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade Bill Hamlen and Kevin Hamlen Abstract We introduce an interactive computer model of two-country trade that allows students to investigate

  19. Establishment Heterogeneity, Exporter Dynamics, and the Effects of Trade Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    to free trade equivalent to 1.03 percent of steady state consumption. Con- sidering the transitionEstablishment Heterogeneity, Exporter Dynamics, and the Effects of Trade Liberalization George the effect of reducing tariffs on welfare, trade, and export participation. We find sizeable gains to moving

  20. The cell-secreted microenvironment : shaping embryonic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Przybyla, Laralynne M. (Laralynne Michelle)

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this work is to obtain an in depth understanding of how embryonic stem cell-secreted signals contribute to their identity. We analyze the contribution of broad and specific signals present in the cell-secreted ...

  1. Keeping Secrets in Hardware: the Microsoft Xbox(TM) Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Andrew "bunnie"

    2002-05-26

    This paper discusses the hardware foundations of the cryptosystem employed by the Xbox(TM) video game console from Microsoft. A secret boot block overlay is buried within a system ASIC. This secret boot block decrypts and ...

  2. Recovery Act Workforce Development | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Announces Nearly 100 Million for Smart Grid Workforce Training and Development. Congressional Testimony Recovery Act Recovery Act Interoperability Recovery Act SGIG...

  3. Michael R. Maraya (Acting) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    R. Maraya (Acting) About Us Michael R. Maraya (Acting) - Deputy CIO for Enterprise Policy, Portfolio Management & Governance Mike Maraya is the Acting Deputy CIO for Enterprise...

  4. Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work A Platform for Trading Agent Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Dongmo

    Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work of Western Sydney Australia #12;Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work Outline 1 Trading Agent Competition 2 Market Design Game 3 Strategic Trader Game 4 Conclusion

  5. Taxes and Trading versus Intensity Standards: Second-Best Environmental Policies with Incomplete Regulation (Leakage) or Market Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.

    2009-01-01

    2007) compares taxes and emissions trading in concentratedtaxes (equivalently emissions trading) may not be the best

  6. Minimum Energy Per Bit for Secret Key Acquisition Over Multipath Wireless Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayeed, Akbar M.

    Minimum Energy Per Bit for Secret Key Acquisition Over Multipath Wireless Channels Tzu-Han Chou the secret key capacity. We analyze the low-SNR regime to quantify the minimum energy per secret key bit of conventional channel capacity, there is a non-zero SNR that achieves the minimum energy per key bit. A time

  7. Assessment of Allowance Mechanismin China's Carbon Trading Pilots

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xiong, Ling; Shen, Bo; Qi, Shaozhou; Price, Lynn

    2015-08-01

    The allowance mechanism is one of the core and sensitive aspects in design of a carbon trading scheme and affects the compliance cost for each company covered under the scheme. By examining China's allowance mechanism from two aspects including allowance allocation and allowance distribution, this paper compares China's carbon trading pilots with the EU Emissions Trading System and California Cap-and-Trade Program, and through the comparison identify issues that affect the efficiency of the pilots. The paper also recommends course of actions to strengthen China's existing pilots and build valuable experiences for the establishment of the national cap-and-trade system in China.

  8. NOAA Privacy Impact Assessment Guidance Revised 5/8/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessment (PIA), IT system, records PURPOSE AND SCOPE A PIA is a process for determining the risks to ensure the privacy of personal information in electronic records (specific citation for Section 208 is 44. The Trade Secrets Act (18 USC 1905) provides criminal penalties for the theft of trade secrets and other

  9. Double acting bit holder

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morrell, Roger J. (Blommington, MN); Larson, David A. (Minneapolis, MN); Ruzzi, Peter L. (Eagan, MN)

    1994-01-01

    A double acting bit holder that permits bits held in it to be resharpened during cutting action to increase energy efficiency by reducing the amount of small chips produced. The holder consist of: a stationary base portion capable of being fixed to a cutter head of an excavation machine and having an integral extension therefrom with a bore hole therethrough to accommodate a pin shaft; a movable portion coextensive with the base having a pin shaft integrally extending therefrom that is insertable in the bore hole of the base member to permit the moveable portion to rotate about the axis of the pin shaft; a recess in the movable portion of the holder to accommodate a shank of a bit; and a biased spring disposed in adjoining openings in the base and moveable portions of the holder to permit the moveable portion to pivot around the pin shaft during cutting action of a bit fixed in a turret to allow front, mid and back positions of the bit during cutting to lessen creation of small chip amounts and resharpen the bit during excavation use.

  10. Solid Waste Management Act (Pennsylvania)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act provides for the planning and regulation of solid waste storage, collection, transportation, processing, treatment, and disposal. It requires that municipalities submit plans for municipal...

  11. NIST Organic Act National Institute of Standards and Technology Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    -effectiveness. (2) Precise measurements, calibrations and standards help United States industry and manufacturingNIST Organic Act National Institute of Standards and Technology Act SECTION 1. FINDINGS and measurement standards needed to improve quality and reliability, and (B) new technological processes by which

  12. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    NEPA National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions Categorical Exclusions (CX)...

  13. Emissions trading - time to get serious

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitelli, A.

    2007-11-15

    The Kyoto Protocol's five year compliance period begins in 2008. Industrialized nations around the world have pledged to cut carbon emissions, but the job seems to get harder, not easier, as 2008 approaches. Can market mechanisms make the crucial difference? The article discloses recent initiatives and developments worldwide. It concludes that it is clear that the market is maintaining its central role in fighting climate change and that bringing emissions trading to developing countries and to the US can only reinforce that role.

  14. Effluent Trading: A Policy Review for Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossett, Mark A.; Kaiser, Ronald; Matlock, Marty D.; Vedlitz, Arnold; Woodward, Richard T.

    1999-11-05

    Quality; Malcolm Green, Greenville Utilities Commission; Elise Bacon, Hagler Bailly; Norman Senjem, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency; Todd Chenoweth, Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC); and Clyde Bohmfalk, Texas Natural Resource..., they have two major weaknesses that are driving the consideration of market- based trading. First, the use of a technology- based approach is known to be a relatively expensive way of achieving pollution reduction goals. Second, the emphasis of regulation...

  15. Methods of increasing secretion of polypeptides having biological activity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merino, Sandra

    2015-04-14

    The present invention relates to methods for producing a secreted polypeptide having biological activity, comprising: (a) transforming a fungal host cell with a fusion protein construct encoding a fusion protein, which comprises: (i) a first polynucleotide encoding a signal peptide; (ii) a second polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of an endoglucanase or a portion thereof; and (iii) a third polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of a polypeptide having biological activity; wherein the signal peptide and at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase increases secretion of the polypeptide having biological activity compared to the absence of at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase; (b) cultivating the transformed fungal host cell under conditions suitable for production of the fusion protein; and (c) recovering the fusion protein, a component thereof, or a combination thereof, having biological activity, from the cultivation medium.

  16. Methods of increasing secretion of polypeptides having biological activity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merino, Sandra

    2014-10-28

    The present invention relates to methods for producing a secreted polypeptide having biological activity, comprising: (a) transforming a fungal host cell with a fusion protein construct encoding a fusion protein, which comprises: (i) a first polynucleotide encoding a signal peptide; (ii) a second polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of an endoglucanase or a portion thereof; and (iii) a third polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of a polypeptide having biological activity; wherein the signal peptide and at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase increases secretion of the polypeptide having biological activity compared to the absence of at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase; (b) cultivating the transformed fungal host cell under conditions suitable for production of the fusion protein; and (c) recovering the fusion protein, a component thereof, or a combination thereof, having biological activity, from the cultivation medium.

  17. Methods of increasing secretion of polypeptides having biological activity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merino, Sandra

    2013-10-01

    The present invention relates to methods for producing a secreted polypeptide having biological activity, comprising: (a) transforming a fungal host cell with a fusion protein construct encoding a fusion protein, which comprises: (i) a first polynucleotide encoding a signal peptide; (ii) a second polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of an endoglucanase or a portion thereof; and (iii) a third polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of a polypeptide having biological activity; wherein the signal peptide and at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase increases secretion of the polypeptide having biological activity compared to the absence of at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase; (b) cultivating the transformed fungal host cell under conditions suitable for production of the fusion protein; and (c) recovering the fusion protein, a component thereof, or a combination thereof, having biological activity, from the cultivation medium.

  18. Methods of increasing secretion of polypeptides having biological activity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merino, Sandra

    2014-05-27

    The present invention relates to methods for producing a secreted polypeptide having biological activity, comprising: (a) transforming a fungal host cell with a fusion protein construct encoding a fusion protein, which comprises: (i) a first polynucleotide encoding a signal peptide; (ii) a second polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of an endoglucanase or a portion thereof; and (iii) a third polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of a polypeptide having biological activity; wherein the signal peptide and at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase increases secretion of the polypeptide having biological activity compared to the absence of at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase; (b) cultivating the transformed fungal host cell under conditions suitable for production of the fusion protein; and (c) recovering the fusion protein, a component thereof, or a combination thereof, having biological activity, from the cultivation medium.

  19. Secrets of the Soil (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodie, Eoin; Northen, Trent; Jansson, Janet; Torn, Margaret

    2011-11-07

    Four Berkeley Lab scientists unveil the "Secrets of the Soil"at this Nov. 7, 2011 Science at the Theater event. Eoin Brodie, Janet Jansson, Margaret Torn and Trent Northen talk about their research and how soil could hold the key to our climate and energy future.The discussion was moderated by John Harte, who holds a joint professorship in the Energy and Resources Group and the Ecosystem Sciences Division of UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources

  20. Embedding Secret Data in Html Web Page Sandipan Dey1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    Embedding Secret Data in Html Web Page Sandipan Dey1 , Hameed Al-Qaheri2 , and Sugata Sanyal3 1@tifr.res.in Summary. In this paper, we suggest a novel data hiding technique in an Html Web page. Html Tags are case the html text data that is to be displayed by the browser as web page (this html cover text is analogical

  1. Biomass Program Recovery Act Factsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-03-01

    The Biomass Program has awarded about $718 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) funds. The projects the Program is supporting are intended to: Accelerate advanced biofuels research, development, and demonstration; Speed the deployment and commercialization of advanced biofuels and bioproducts; Further the U.S. bioindustry through market transformation and creating or saving a range of jobs.

  2. International Trade and Institutional Change: Medieval Venice's Response to Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that monitored and constrained most of the Doge's activities. But climb up to the top floor of the palace and one enters the clandestine rooms of the secret service. With each passing decade after its establishment in 1310, this secret service was used to buttress the powers of a smaller and smaller number of families

  3. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Privacy Act Requests |...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ID. You must either have your request notarized or 1) acknowledge that you understand the criminal penalty in the Privacy Act for requesting or obtaining access to records under...

  4. On-Demand Based Wireless Resources Trading for Green Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Wenchi; Zhang, Hailin; Wang, Qiang

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of Green Communications is to reduce the energy consumption of the communication system as much as possible without compromising the quality of service (QoS) for users. An effective approach for Green Wireless Communications is On-Demand strategy, which scales power consumption with the volume and location of user demand. Applying the On-Demand Communications model, we propose a novel scheme -- Wireless Resource Trading, which characterizes the trading relationship among different wireless resources for a given number of performance metrics. According to wireless resource trading relationship, different wireless resources can be consumed for the same set of performance metrics. Therefore, to minimize the energy consumption for given performance metrics, we can trade the other type of wireless resources for the energy resource under the demanded performance metrics. Based on the wireless resource trading relationship, we derive the optimal energy-bandwidth and energy-time wireless resource trading ...

  5. Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development: Some Personal Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head, John W.

    2005-01-01

    Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development: Some Personal Observations John W. Head* I am very pleased to have been invited to offer some luncheon remarks for the Law School's Symposium on Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development. My..., or at least a light break from the weighty papers being presented at the symposium, if I were to offer some of my own personal observations about the three subject areas that combine to give this symposium its title: agriculture, free trade, and global...

  6. Carbon Trade Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Trade Ltd Place:

  7. Solar Trade Corporation STC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH JumpSloughInfra Inc JumpSentryTorx New SolarTrade

  8. World Trade Organization | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: navigation, searchWorld Fuel CellResourcesTrade

  9. Category:Trade Groups | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,Thermal Gradient Holes Jump to: navigation, searchTrade Groups

  10. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmenta...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of...

  11. The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sign labor agreements September 21, 2012 Unions, LANL sign labor agreements The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los Alamos National Security LLC, have...

  12. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Biofuel production technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , prospects and implications for trade and development New York and Geneva, 2008 #12;ii Notes The designations ...................................... 17 4.2 Net energy balances

  13. Effect of market structure on international coal trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolstad, C.D.; Abbey, D.S.

    1982-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the determinants of international steam-coal trade. Most work in projecting coal trade has been either qualitative (a consensus of experts) or, if quantitative, has been based on competitive spatial-equilibrium models. Unfortunately, the competitive model of trade does not appear to account for observed and anticipated trade flows. This is consistent with findings in the commodity trade literature that, although markets may behave in a rational economic fashion, market concentration among producers, traders, and consumers leads to trade patterns significantly different than those associated with competitive markets. The purpose of this paper is to explore the significance and effect on patterns of steam-coal trade of several deviations from the simple competitive model. In addition to perfect competition, we examine monopoly (South Africa) and duopoly (South Africa, Australia) with a competitive fringe (US, Canada, Poland, China and Columbia). Using a simple equilibrium model of coal trade, we examine these market structures and evaluate the extent to which they can explain existing and anticipated trade patterns.

  14. Engaging Efficiency First Chapters and Other Trade Associations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Residential Workforce Business Partners Peer Exchange Call Series: Engaging Efficiency First Chapters and Other Trade Associations in Energy Efficiency Programs, Call Slides and...

  15. Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency...

  16. Networks of Military Alliances, Wars, and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Matthew O

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the role of networks of alliances in preventing (multilateral) interstate wars. We first show that, in the absence of international trade, no network of alliances is peaceful and stable. We then show that international trade induces peaceful and stable networks: trade increases the density of alliances so that countries are less vulnerable to attack and also reduces countries' incentives to attack an ally. We present historical data on wars and trade, noting that the dramatic drop in interstate wars since 1950, and accompanying densification and stabilization of alliances, are consistent with the model but not other prominent theories.

  17. European Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: A System in Transition*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: A System in Transition* John M. Reilly and Sergey, and environmental effects. In turn, the greenhouse gas and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate

  18. International Trade in Used Vehicles: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas

    2009-01-01

    trade  leads  average  vehicle  emissions  to  decrease  in country.  How average  vehicle emissions change in both vehicles  and  vehicle  emissions.   Our  dataset  allows 

  19. Texas Clean Air Act (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act is designed to safeguard the state's air resources from pollution by requiring the control and abatement of air pollution and emissions of air contaminants, consistent with the protection...

  20. Tennessee Air Quality Act (Tennessee)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Tennessee Air Quality Act (AQA) delegates the power to maintain air quality in the State to the Department of Environment and Conservation. Under the Department of the Environment and...

  1. Wyoming Recovery Act State Memo

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wyoming has substantial natural resources including coal, natural gas, oil, and wind power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation’s...

  2. Wisconsin Recovery Act State Memo

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Wisconsin has substantial natural resources, including biomass and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA)is making a meaningful down payment on the nation’s energy...

  3. National Environmental Policy Act RM

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Environmental Policy Act Review Module March 2010 CD- N -0 OFFICE O National E C CD-1 OF ENVIRO Standa Environm Rev Critical Deci CD-2 M ONMENTA ard Review mental P view...

  4. Recovery Act | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvesting inServicesRecovery Act » Recovery Act

  5. Cross Border Trading and Borrowing in the EU ETS A. Denny Ellerman* and Raphael Trotignon**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    multi- national trading system, the European Union's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) provides** This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border trading and inter-year borrowing during the first trading

  6. Trading permanent and temporary carbon emissions credits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marland, Gregg; Marland, Eric

    2009-08-01

    In this issue of Climatic Change, Van Kooten (2009) addresses an issue that has bedeviled negotiators since the drafting stage of the Kyoto Protocol. If we accept that increasing withdrawals of carbon dioxide from the atmpshere has the same net impact on the climate system as reducing emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, how do we design a system that allows trading of one for the other? As van Kooten expresses the challenge: 'The problem is that emissions reduction and carbon sequestration, while opposite sides of the same coin in some sense, are not directly comparable, thereby inhibiting their trade in carbon markets.' He explains: 'The difficulty centers on the length of time that mitigation strategies without CO{sub 2} from entering the atmosphere - the duration problem.' While reducing emissions of CO{sub 2} represents an essentially permanent benefit for the atmosphere, capturing CO{sub 2} that has been produced (whether capture is from the atmosphere or directly from, for example, the exhaust from power plants) there is the challenge of storing the carbon adn the risk that it will yet escape to the atmosphere. Permanent benefit to the atmosphere is often not assured for carbon sequestration activities. This is especially true if the carbon is taken up and stored in the biosphere - e.g. in forest trees or agricultural soils.

  7. Nuclear thermal propulsion engine cost trade studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paschall, R.K. (Rocketdyne Division, Rockwell International Corporation, Mail Stop IB57, 6633 Canoga Avenue, P.O. Box 7922, Canoga Park, California 91309-7922 (United States))

    1993-01-10

    The NASA transportation strategy for the Mars Exploration architecture includes the use of nuclear thermal propulsion as the primary propulsion system for Mars transits. It is anticipated that the outgrowth of the NERVA/ROVER programs will be a nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) system capable of providing the propulsion for missions to Mars. The specific impulse (Isp) for such a system is expected to be in the 870 s range. Trade studies were conducted to investigate whether or not it may be cost effective to invest in a higher performance (Isp[gt]870 s) engine for nuclear thermal propulsion for missions to Mars. The basic cost trades revolved around the amount of mass that must be transported to low-earth orbit prior to each Mars flight and the cost to launch that mass. The mass required depended on the assumptions made for Mars missions scenarios including piloted/cargo flights, number of Mars missions, and transit time to Mars. Cost parameters included launch cost, program schedule for development and operations, and net discount rate. The results were very dependent on the assumptions that were made. Under some assumptions, higher performance engines showed cost savings in the billions of dollars; under other assumptions, the additional cost to develop higher performance engines was not justified.

  8. Multi-Megawatt Power System Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longhurst, Glen Reed; Schnitzler, Bruce Gordon; Parks, Benjamin Travis

    2001-11-01

    As part of a larger task, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) was tasked to perform a trade study comparing liquid-metal cooled reactors having Rankine power conversion systems with gas-cooled reactors having Brayton power conversion systems. This report summarizes the approach, the methodology, and the results of that trade study. Findings suggest that either approach has the possibility to approach the target specific mass of 3-5 kg/kWe for the power system, though it appears either will require improvements to achieve that. Higher reactor temperatures have the most potential for reducing the specific mass of gas-cooled reactors but do not necessarily have a similar effect for liquid-cooled Rankine systems. Fuels development will be the key to higher reactor operating temperatures. Higher temperature turbines will be important for Brayton systems. Both replacing lithium coolant in the primary circuit with gallium and replacing potassium with sodium in the power loop for liquid systems increase system specific mass. Changing the feed pump turbine to an electric motor in Rankine systems has little effect. Key technologies in reducing specific mass are high reactor and radiator operating temperatures, low radiator areal density, and low turbine/generator system masses. Turbine/generator mass tends to dominate overall power system mass for Rankine systems. Radiator mass was dominant for Brayton systems.

  9. Secret City honor | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice ofTorushigh-powerSearchSeatingSecret City honor

  10. Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOfficeImplementation and IncreasingtheSecrets of the

  11. What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California’s NOx Trading Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith; Holland, Stephen P.; Mansur, Erin T

    2009-01-01

    Justice Critique of Emissions Trading. ” Ecology Lawgions: The case of the emission trading programme RECLAIM inTietenberg, Tom H. 2006. Emissions Trading Principles and

  12. Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howland, Juliet

    2009-01-01

    of Intertemporal Emission Trading, Bank- ing, and Borrowing,based mechanisms, including emissions trading, provide anEffectiveness of Linked Emissions Trading Schemes, MARGAREE

  13. Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China Claire Gavard, Niven Winchester and Sergey established research centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China Claire Gavard

  14. Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services Martin Placek and Rajkumar Buyya}@csse.unimelb.edu.au Abstract. The Storage Exchange (SX) is a new platform allowing stor- age to be treated as a tradeable resource. Organisations with varying storage requirements can use the SX platform to trade and exchange

  15. Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services Martin Placek and Rajkumar Buyya,raj}@csse.unimelb.edu.au Abstract. The Storage Exchange (SX) is a new platform allowing stor- age to be treated as a tradeable resource. Organisations with varying storage requirements can use the SX platform to trade and exchange

  16. Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory Megan Stevenson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory Larry Karp Megan Stevenson January 27, 2012 Abstract of the green industrial policies, broadly understood, for five countries. We then consider the relation between green industrial policies and trade disputes, emphasizing the Brazil-US dispute involving ethanol

  17. Two Stock-Trading Agents: Market Making and Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    Two Stock-Trading Agents: Market Making and Technical Analysis Yi Feng, Ronggang Yu, Peter Stone://www.cs.utexas.edu/~{fengyi,ryu,pstone} Abstract. Evolving information technologies have brought computa- tional power and real-time facilities into the stock market. Automated stock trading draws much interest from both the #12;elds of computer sci- ence

  18. The 2001 Trading Agent Competition Michael P. Wellman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    in automating trading strategies. Based on a challenging market scenario in the domain of travel shopping in designing one's own, as well as in designing the market itself. Unfortunately, data about real-world trading, the competition presents agents with difficult issues in bidding strategy, market prediction, and resource

  19. Design Tradeoffs for Autonomous Trading Agents Ioannis A. Vetsikas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    design were tested in smaller market games that the researchers designed themselves. The Trading Agent provides a common market scenario to compare strategies and research. It is a challenging benchmark doDesign Tradeoffs for Autonomous Trading Agents Ioannis A. Vetsikas Computer Science Dept., Cornell

  20. Parametric Trade Study for Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    Parametric Trade Study for Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing Jiaye Gan , Alexis Lefebvre for supersonic bi-directional flying wing(SBiDir-FW). The mission requirements for this su- personic plane on the airplane surface in order to mitigate sonic boom and improve aerodynamic efficiency. The trade study has

  1. TRADE-OFFS IN SKILL ACQUISITION AND TIME ALLOCATION AMONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bock, John

    TRADE-OFFS IN SKILL ACQUISITION AND TIME ALLOCATION AMONG JUVENILE CHACMA BABOONS Sara E. Johnson use feeding efficiency and time allocation data collected on a wild, free-ranging, non of trade-offs affected by features of the physical, biotic, and social envi- ronment that set individuals

  2. Network Dynamics of City Sizes, Trade Networks, and Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    Network Dynamics of City Sizes, Trade Networks, and Conflict Doug White In collaboration world, scale-free ­ but they are not going to get us where we need to go What are the possibilites: city size hierarchies and how they are likely to be driven by trade networks Network realism

  3. Arbitrage and viability in securities markets with ...xed trading costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Arbitrage and viability in securities markets with ...xed trading costs Elyès Jouini Hedi Kallaly with ...xed costs of trading, i.e. transactions costs that are bounded regardless of the transaction size, such as: ...xed brokerage fees, investment taxes, op- erational and processing costs, or opportunity costs

  4. Optimal Trade Execution: Viscosity Solutions and HJB Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Peter A.

    buys/sells large block of shares on behalf of client Large orders will incur costs, due to price impact (liquidity) effects e.g. rapidly selling a large block of shares will depress the price Slow trading minimizes price impact, but leaves exposure to stochastic price changes Fast trading will minimize risk due

  5. Kathleen Carlson Appointed Interim Acting Deputy Administrator...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Interim Acting Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs Press Release Aug 16, 2001 Kathleen Carlson Appointed Interim Acting Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs...

  6. Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Data Resources Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Data Resources FITARA Resources Available for...

  7. Activation of transmembrane bile acid receptor TGR5 stimulates insulin secretion in pancreatic {beta} cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Divya P.; Rajagopal, Senthilkumar; Mahavadi, Sunila [Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States)] [Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States); Mirshahi, Faridoddin [Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States)] [Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States); Grider, John R. [Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States)] [Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States); Murthy, Karnam S., E-mail: skarnam@vcu.edu [Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States); Sanyal, Arun J., E-mail: asanyal@mcvh-vcu.edu [Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA (United States)

    2012-10-26

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer G protein coupled receptor TGR5 is expressed in mouse and human islets. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TGR5 is coupled to activation of Gs and Ca{sup 2+} release via cAMP/Epac/PLC-{epsilon} pathway. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Activation of TGR5 by bile salts and selective ligands causes insulin secretion. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TGR5 could be a potential therapeutic target to treat diabetes. -- Abstract: Bile acids act as signaling molecules and stimulate the G protein coupled receptor, TGR5, in addition to nuclear farnesoid X receptor to regulate lipid, glucose and energy metabolism. Bile acid induced activation of TGR5 in the enteroendocrine cells promotes glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) release, which has insulinotropic effect in the pancreatic {beta} cells. In the present study, we have identified the expression of TGR5 in pancreatic {beta} cell line MIN6 and also in mouse and human pancreatic islets. TGR5 selective ligands, oleanolic acid (OA) and INT-777 selectively activated G{alpha}{sub s} and caused an increase in intracellular cAMP and Ca{sup 2+}. OA and INT-777 also increased phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis and the increase was blocked by NF449 (a selective G{alpha}{sub s} inhibitor) or (U73122) (PI hydrolysis inhibitor). OA, INT-777 and lithocholic acid increased insulin release in MIN6 and human islets and the increase was inhibited by treatment with NF449, (U73122) or BAPTA-AM (chelator of calcium), but not with myristoylated PKI (PKA inhibitor), suggesting that the release is dependent on G{sub s}/cAMP/Ca{sup 2+} pathway. 8-pCPT-2 Prime -O-Me-cAMP, a cAMP analog, which activates Epac, but not PKA also stimulated PI hydrolysis. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that the TGR5 expressed in the pancreatic {beta} cells regulates insulin secretion and highlights the importance of ongoing therapeutic strategies targeting TGR5 in the control of glucose homeostasis.

  8. Mengerian Saleableness and Commodity Money in a Walrasian Trading Post Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    Money in a Walrasian Trading Post Example Ross M. Starr ?commodity-pairwise trading posts and transac- tion costs,C62, E40 Keywords: trading post, transaction cost, commodity

  9. Convergence to monetary equilibrium: computational simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xue; Whang, Yu-Jung; Zhang, Qiaoxi

    2010-01-01

    by Household [i,j] at Trading Pose {k,w} vol(i,j): Totalin a Walrasian Trading Post Example”, Economics Letters,simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

  10. DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TRADING: ALTERNATIVE ALLOCATION AND RECYCLING STRATEGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TRADING: ALTERNATIVE ALLOCATION AND RECYCLING. Phone (714) 907-1123, Fax (213) 821-3926, E-mail fprager@usc.edu Emissions trading, or "cap and trade

  11. 1Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Purdue Climate Change Research Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report PCCRC Purdue Climate Change Research Center EMISSIONS TRADING WORKSHOP Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana Friday April 30, 2010 SUMMARY REPORT #12;#12;Purdue Climate Change Research Center EMISSIONS TRADING WORKSHOP Purdue University West

  12. Miguel A. Figliozzi TRUCK TRADE CORRIDORS BETWEEN THE U.S. AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    at Austin in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ENGINEERING ......................................................................................................5 Mexican Economy, Trade Policies and U.S.-Mexico Trade ........................13 U.S.-Mexico Trade

  13. Fact #593: October 19, 2009 Petroleum Accounts for Nearly Half of the Total Trade Deficit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As recently as 2002, the petroleum trade balance accounted for less than 20% of the total U.S. goods trade deficit. In 2008, however, petroleum accounted for 45% of the trade deficit. However, as...

  14. The Proposed Canada-United States Free Trade Area: A Phoenix Arises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganezer, David L.

    1986-01-01

    customs unions and free trade areas, and GATT article XIIIcol. 3. CANADA-UNITED STATES FREE TRADE AREA fringe AmericanWest Pas- sage, and the free trade proposal. To the surprise

  15. The Eternal Fiscal Question: Free Trade and Protection in Britain, 1860-1929

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichengreen, Barry

    1991-01-01

    The Eternal Fiscal Question: Free Trade and Protection inHalevy and 6. International Free Trade Congress (1908), p.2.The Rise and Decline of the Free Trade Movement, Cambridge,

  16. The Uncertain Connection: Free Trade and Mexico-U.S. Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelius, Wayne A.; Martin, Philip L

    1993-01-01

    M. 1991-92. "The Mexican Free Trade Agreement: An Idea Whose1992b "Labor Issues in a North American Free Trade Area," InNorth American Free Trade: Assessing the Impact, edited by

  17. The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea: Background, Analysis, and Perspectives for California Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Korea-United States Free Trade Agreement. ” Policy Briefs inFact Sheet: U.S. -Korea Free Trade Agree- ment—Bene?ts for09-2 ii The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea:

  18. International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas W.; Kahn, Matthew E

    2008-01-01

    and Taylor, S.  “Is Free Trade Good for the Environment? ”and the  Mexico?U.S.   Free  Trade  Agreement”  in  P.  The  Mexico?U.S.   Free  Trade  Agreement, Cambridge, MA: 

  19. The Environment and Free Trade: Meeting Halfway at the Mexican Border

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeith, Malissa Hathaway

    1991-01-01

    on the North America Free Trade Agreement, 102d Cong. , 1stat 510-11. ENVIRONMENTAL AND FREE TRADE what records foreignwhether or not the Free Trade Agreement is enacted. Although

  20. Update of the status of Alaskan oil exports. Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, November 20, 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    Representatives of the Alaskan oil industry, citizen groups, and government agencies involved in trade and international affairs testified at a hearing on reauthorization of the Export Administration Act, which allowed the export of crude oil from Cook Inlet. Opponents to reauthorization cited the potential for compromising national security, the president's effort to circumvent congressional intent, and the possibility that trade balance benefits would be illusory. Proponents argued that oil exports would relieve the trade deficit with Japan, but would also remove trade barriers with other Pacific and Asian countries. West Coast consumers argued that the availability of Alaskan oil lowers their energy and product costs. Statements and letters submitted for the record and seven appendices with additional statements and a letter follow the testimony of the seven witnesses.

  1. System Losses and Assessment Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Shropshire; Steve Piet; Nick Soelberg; Robert Cherry; Roger Henry; David Meikrantz; Greg Teske; Eric Shaber; Candido Pereira

    2009-09-01

    This Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) study has developed new analysis methods to examine old and new technology options toward the goal of improving fuel cycle systems. We have integrated participants and information from AFCI Systems Analysis, Transmutation Fuels, Separations, and Waste Form Campaigns in the Systems Losses and Assessment Trade Study. The initial objectives of this study were to 1) increase understanding of system interdependencies and thereby identify system trade-offs that may yield important insights, 2) define impacts of separations product purity on fuel manufacture and transmutation reactivity, 3) define impacts from transuranic (TRU) losses to waste, 4) identify the interrelationships involved in fuels and separations technology performance, and 5) identify system configuration adjustments with the greatest potential for influencing system losses. While bounding and analyzing this initial problem, we also identified significantly higher-level programmatic drivers with broad implications to the current fuel cycle research charter and the general issue of a DOE complex wide need for a comprehensive and integrated nuclear material management as addressed by the new DOE Order 410.2 titled “Management of Nuclear Materials”. The initial modeling effort developed in this study for a much smaller subset of material (i.e., commercial fuel) and a selected transmutation scheme (i.e., fast reactor recycling) is a necessary first step towards examining a broader set of nuclear material management options, dispositioning strategies and integrated waste management options including potential areas of research leverage. The primary outcome from this initial study has been an enhanced integration among Campaigns and associated insights and analysis methods. Opportunities for improved understanding between the groups abound. The above lanthanide-actinide example highlights the importance of evaluating options via integration across the Campaigns. Plans for Fiscal Year 2010 are being made in a coordinated fashion such that the knowledge gained from the research performed by the Campaigns can benefit on-going work of the study, and that improved understanding of the system relationships can be used to guide the specific research and development (R&D) activities within the Campaigns. In FY-10, the System Losses and Assessment Trade Study will carry-over activities from FY-09. We will continue to refine impurity and loss estimates and impurity limits on fuels by incorporating results from ongoing R&D. And we will begin work on an enhanced nuclear material management model to allow us to continue to improve our overall system understanding of the trade-offs between separations, fuel fabrication, waste forms, waste disposition, SNM losses, reactor performance, and proliferation resistance. In the future, we can also better understand how used fuel and other forms of remote-handled SNM can be better integrated into an overall nuclear material management program that will evolve for the DOE complex via Order 410.2 (DOE 2009).

  2. Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

  3. WHAT TO EXPECT FROM SECTORAL TRADING: A US-CHINA EXAMPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and increases electricity generation. Keywords: Climate; sectoral agreements; emissions trading; carbon leakage an Emissions Trading Scheme, international negotiations aim to foster wider agreements, particularly

  4. The Marine Live Bait Trade in California: A Pathway for Introduction of Non-Indigenous Species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passarelli, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    To investigate the transport of NIS into California via theCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade TransportCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade Transport

  5. International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas W.; Kahn, Matthew E

    2008-01-01

    trade  leads  average  vehicle  emissions  to  decrease  in vehicles  and  vehicle  emissions.   Our  dataset  allows We  compare  the  vehicle  emissions  of  traded  vehicles 

  6. A NOD2NALP1 complex mediates caspase-1-dependent IL-1 secretion in response to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    A NOD2­NALP1 complex mediates caspase-1-dependent IL-1 secretion in response to Bacillus anthracis February 20, 2008) NOD2, a NOD-like receptor (NLR), is an intracellular sensor of bacterial muramyl, the molecular mechanism by which NOD2 can stimulate IL-1 secretion, and its biological significance were

  7. On the Communication Complexity of Secret Key Generation in the Multiterminal Source Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kashyap, Navin

    On the Communication Complexity of Secret Key Generation in the Multiterminal Source Model Manuj Mukherjee Navin Kashyap Abstract--Communication complexity refers to the minimum rate of public communication required for generating a maximal- rate secret key (SK) in the multiterminal source model of Csisz

  8. Bile secretion in the fistulated pig : effect of the method used for bile reinfusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , bile has been infused into the duodenum (Nahrwold and Gross- man, 1967 ; Juste, Corring and Breant conditions of bile secretion. #12;First, the composition of bile infused at a given time may be different the pattern of bile secretion) and the effects of the site of bile infusion (duodenum or lower common bile

  9. Secret Disclosure attack on Kazahaya, a Yoking-Proof For Low-Cost RFID Tags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , we scrutinize its security showing how an passive adversary can retrieve secret parameters of patient for building access or payments with mobile devices [9] to applications in sanitary environments [1]. A typical an passive adversary can retrieve secret parameters of tag in cost of O(216) off-line PRNG evaluations. Hence

  10. Recipes from the Secret Book of Artephius San Francisco Bay Area, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, John

    Recipes from the Secret Book of Artephius Gold Team San Francisco Bay Area, California The Codex Leicester Introduction We seek the recipes contained in The Secret Book of Artephius, a text first. While in the possession of the Vatican, the recipes contained in the text were sold twice during

  11. No More Secrets: National Security S t r a t e g i e s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    No More Secrets: National Security S t r a t e g i e s f o r a Transparent World Report March 2011 American Bar Association Standing Committee on Law and National Security Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive National Strategy Forum #12;No More Secrets: National Security Strategies

  12. Deficiency of Scavenger Receptor Class B Type I Negatively Affects Progesterone Secretion in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terasaki, Mark

    -BI KD cells regardless of treatment. We examined progesterone secretion in SR-BI KD, LDL receptor KD.Ascomparedwithscrambledcells,progesterone secretion was lower in SR-BI and double KD cells regardless of treatment; whereas progesterone se- cretion explain progesterone deficiency in some infertile women. (Endocrinology 151: 5519­5527, 2010) Deficiency

  13. Atrazine acts as an endocrine disrupter by inhibiting cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase-4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kucka, Marek; Pogrmic-Majkic, Kristina; Fa, Svetlana; Stojilkovic, Stanko S.; Kovacevic, Radmila

    2012-11-15

    Atrazine, one of the most commonly used herbicides worldwide, acts as an endocrine disruptor, but the mechanism of its action has not been characterized. In this study, we show that atrazine rapidly increases cAMP levels in cultured rat pituitary and testicular Leydig cells in a concentration-dependent manner, but less effectively than 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, a competitive non-specific inhibitor of phosphodiesterases (PDEs). In forskolin (an activator of adenylyl cyclase)- and probenecid (an inhibitor of cyclic nucleotide transporters)-treated cells, but not in 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine-treated cells, atrazine further increased cAMP levels, indicating that inhibition of PDEs accounts for accumulation of cAMP. In contrast to cAMP, atrazine did not alter cGMP levels, further indicating that it inhibits cAMP-specific PDEs. Atrazine-induced changes in cAMP levels were sufficient to stimulate prolactin release in pituitary cells and androgen production in Leydig cells, indicating that it acts as an endocrine disrupter both in cells that secrete by exocytosis of prestored hormones and in cells that secrete by de novo hormone synthesis. Rolipram abolished the stimulatory effect of atrazine on cAMP release in both cell types, suggesting that it acts as an inhibitor of PDE4s, isoforms whose mRNA transcripts dominate in pituitary and Leydig cells together with mRNA for PDE8A. In contrast, immortalized lacto-somatotrophs showed low expression of these mRNA transcripts and several fold higher cAMP levels compared to normal pituitary cells, and atrazine was unable to further increase cAMP levels. These results indicate that atrazine acts as a general endocrine disrupter by inhibiting cAMP-specific PDE4s. -- Highlights: ? Atrazine stimulates cAMP accumulation in pituitary and Leydig cells. ? Atrazine also stimulates PRL and androgens secretion. ? Stimulatory effects of atrazine were abolished in cells with IBMX-inhibited PDEs. ? Atrazine specificity toward cAMP-specific PDEs was indicated by no changes in cGMP. ? Rolipram, a specific PDE4 inhibitor, also prevents stimulatory effects of atrazine. ? Atrazine acts as an endocrine disrupter by inhibiting cAMP-specific PDE4.

  14. Economic and Emissions Implications of Load-Based, Source-based and First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California AB32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yihsu; Liu, Andrew L.; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

    2008-01-01

    emissions trading programs for the electric power sector:power markets, transmission limitations, and emissions trading,

  15. An analysis of SO{sub 2} emission compliance under the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.; Cilek, C.M.; Pandola, G.; Taxon, T.

    1992-07-01

    The effectiveness of SO{sub 2} emission allowance trading under Title 4 of the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA) is of great interest due to the innovative nature of this market incentive approach. However, it may be a mistake to frame the compliance problem for a utility as a decision to trade or not. Trading of allowances should be the consequence, not the decision. The two meaningful decision variables for a utility are the control approaches chosen for its units and the amount of allowances to hold in its portfolio of assets for the future. The number allowances to be bought or sold (i.e. traded) is determined by the emission reduction and banking decisions. Our preferred approach is to think of the problem in terms of ABC`s of the 1990 CAA Amendments: abatement strategy, banking, and cost competitiveness. The implications of the general principles presented in this paper on least cost emission reductions and emissions banking to hedge against risk are being simulated with version 2 of the ARGUS model representing the electric utility sector and regional coal supplies and transportation rates. A rational expectations forecast for allowances prices is being computed. The computed allowance price path has the property that demand for allowances by electric utilities for current use or for banking must equal the supply of allowances issued by the federal government or provided as forward market contracts in private market transactions involving non-utility speculators. From this rational expectations equilibrium forecast, uncertainties are being explored using sensitivity tests. Some of the key issues are the amount of scrubbing and when it is economical to install it, the amount of coal switching and how much low sulfur coal premiums will be bid up; and the amount of emission trading within utilities and among different utilities.

  16. An analysis of SO sub 2 emission compliance under the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.; Cilek, C.M.; Pandola, G.; Taxon, T.

    1992-01-01

    The effectiveness of SO{sub 2} emission allowance trading under Title 4 of the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA) is of great interest due to the innovative nature of this market incentive approach. However, it may be a mistake to frame the compliance problem for a utility as a decision to trade or not. Trading of allowances should be the consequence, not the decision. The two meaningful decision variables for a utility are the control approaches chosen for its units and the amount of allowances to hold in its portfolio of assets for the future. The number allowances to be bought or sold (i.e. traded) is determined by the emission reduction and banking decisions. Our preferred approach is to think of the problem in terms of ABC's of the 1990 CAA Amendments: abatement strategy, banking, and cost competitiveness. The implications of the general principles presented in this paper on least cost emission reductions and emissions banking to hedge against risk are being simulated with version 2 of the ARGUS model representing the electric utility sector and regional coal supplies and transportation rates. A rational expectations forecast for allowances prices is being computed. The computed allowance price path has the property that demand for allowances by electric utilities for current use or for banking must equal the supply of allowances issued by the federal government or provided as forward market contracts in private market transactions involving non-utility speculators. From this rational expectations equilibrium forecast, uncertainties are being explored using sensitivity tests. Some of the key issues are the amount of scrubbing and when it is economical to install it, the amount of coal switching and how much low sulfur coal premiums will be bid up; and the amount of emission trading within utilities and among different utilities.

  17. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  18. Clean Air Act. Revision 5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-15

    This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Air Act, as amended, and those regulations that implement the statute and appear to be most relevant to DOE activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. This Reference Book has been completely revised and is current through February 15, 1994.

  19. Recovery Act State Memos Tennessee

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProject Developsfor UCNIEnvironmental Impact StatementRecovery Act Smart

  20. Recovery Act State Memos California

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct. 7,DOERTI | Department8Recovery ActCalifornia For

  1. Two Nineteenth Century Trade Routes in the Eastern Himalayas: the Bhutanese trade with Tibet and Bengal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Ratna; Ray, Indrajit

    2006-01-01

    to the freezing point in the Himalayan kingdoms, it was by far the best season for caravan trade. The chance of rain was least; also the river beds were dry so that the caravans could smoothly proceed along those beds minimizing their toil and fatalities. Food... was cheap, especially barley, meat and wine, and easily available in the route-side localities.9 Also, this was the season when farm activities were slack, and farmers had time to vend their crops and to opt for subsidiary jobs. In Tibet, for example...

  2. Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duflo, Esther

    Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

  3. Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hepburn, Cameron J.; Quah, John K.-H.; Ritz, Robert A.

    2012-08-17

    This paper examines the impact of an emissions trading scheme (ETS) on equilibrium emissions, output, price, market concentration, and profits in a generalized Cournot model. We develop formulae for the number of emissions permits that have...

  4. Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The trade balance (exports minus imports) for petroleum has been negative for more than a quarter of a century, meaning that the U.S. imports more petroleum than it exports. The largest petroleum...

  5. Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taschini, Luca

    This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

  6. Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

  7. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  8. Emissions trading comes of age as a strategic tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pospisil, R.

    1996-03-01

    Trading of emissions credits has quickly evolved from a curiosity to a viable compliance strategy for electric utilities and power-generating industrial firms. A sure sign that emissions trading has matured is the entry of power marketers onto the scene; in bundling pollution allowances with their electricity offerings, they are making their product more attractive - and stealing a page from the coal companies` strategy book to boot. Although most current activity involves credits for sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) trading is under way in certain areas as well, although NO{sub x} markets are local and thus slower to develop. However, utilities see economic development potential in this area; some are providing NO{sub x} credits to their industrial customers to help them comply with environmental regulations - and to retain their loyalty when deregulation affords them a choice of electricity suppliers. This paper briefly discusses the issues related to emissions trading.

  9. International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Y.

    The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where global prices may eventually be differentiated by the transportation costs between world ...

  10. The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, Tianyu

    2013-08-21

    Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...

  11. Assessment of U.S. cap-and-trade proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey V.

    2007-01-01

    The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

  12. Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey

    The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

  13. TradingO# TypeInference Memory Complexity Against Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trading­O# Type­Inference Memory Complexity Against Communication Konstantin HyppË?onen 1 , David Science Po.B. 1627, FIN­70211, Kuopio, Finland {konstantin.hypponen, elena.trichina}@cs.uku.fi 2 Gemplus

  14. Trading-Off Type-Inference Memory Complexity Against Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trading-Off Type-Inference Memory Complexity Against Communication Konstantin Hypp¨onen1 , David Po.B. 1627, FIN-70211, Kuopio, Finland {konstantin.hypponen, elena.trichina}@cs.uku.fi 2 Gemplus Card

  15. Market Transformation in Connecticut: Integrating Home Performance Into Existing Trades

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Market Transformation in Connecticut: Integrating Home Performance Into Existing Trades, Evolving to Whole Home Success, Session 2: Sustainable Business Models presentation. Provides an overview of Connecticut's various home energy programs, the Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund, and contractor involvement.

  16. High frequency trading system design and process management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangguang

    2009-01-01

    Trading firms nowadays are highly reliant on data mining, computer modeling and software development. Financial analysts perform many similar tasks to those in software and manufacturing industries. However, the finance ...

  17. Obstacles to global CO? trading : a familiar problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny.

    There are many obstacles to the development of an international CO? emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature that is often assumed: the existence of a single national system. Once a national system is in ...

  18. Fair trade and harmonization of climate change policies in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viguier, Laurent L.

    In March 2000, the European Commission presented a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within Europe, supporting implementation of a Community-wide scheme in which the design and regulation of all essential ...

  19. An Analysis of the European Emission Trading Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reilly, John M.

    An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases among major industrial countries. The ...

  20. Incorporating safety risk in early system architecture trade studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dulac, Nicholas

    Ideally, safety should be a part of the early decision making used in conceptual system design. However, effectively evaluating safety risk3 early enough to inform the early trade studies is not possible with current ...

  1. Managing performance vs. accuracy trade-offs with loop perforation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidiroglou, Stelios

    Many modern computations (such as video and audio encoders, Monte Carlo simulations, and machine learning algorithms) are designed to trade off accuracy in return for increased performance. To date, such computations ...

  2. An a-amylase (At4g25000) in Arabidopsis leaves is secreted and induced by biotic and abiotic stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An a-amylase (At4g25000) in Arabidopsis leaves is secreted and induced by biotic and abiotic stress a secreted a-amylase that accumulates during senescence or after biotic or abiotic stress; however, a gene encoding this enzyme has not been described. Because a secreted amylase is isolated from plas- tidic starch

  3. Paying a Visit: The Dalai Lama Effect on International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Andreas; Klann, Nils-Hendrik

    2011-01-26

    be negatively affected by a planned meeting between Dutch members of parliament and the Dalai Lama (“’We are clear: no dalai lama visits”, NRC Handelsblad, May 7th 2009, available at: http://www.nrc.nl/international/Features/article2234645.ece... ” which France alone would have to bear.21 In early 2009, France was crossed off the travel agenda of two Chinese trade delegations. The first delegation alone signed 15 billion US dollars’ worth of trade deals in other European countries. Furthermore...

  4. Fairer Trade, Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

    2015-01-01

    Fairer Trade Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes LORI L. TAYLOR AND JAWAD DAR Mosbacher Institute VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 3 | 2015 There are many inequalities in US tariff policy. Products imported from certain countries enter duty free, while... in 2009 to honor Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary of Commerce from 1989- 1992 and key architect of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Through our three core programs–Integration of Global Markets, Energy in a Global Economy, and Governance and Public...

  5. What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California's NOx Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    technology standards. Increasingly, however, emissions trading programs are the preferred policy choice regulation towards more market-based alternatives such as emissions trading.1 In parts of Europe, New Zealand-and-trade"to the fore. Despite this prominence, questions remain about how emissions trading is working in practice

  6. Beyond Additionality in Cap-and-Trade Offset Policy Reuters/Nguyen Huy Kham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the cap. Offsets have assumed an important role in many recent emissions trading programs for greenhouse

  7. Water for food: The global virtual water trade network S. Suweis,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konar, Megan

    Water for food: The global virtual water trade network M. Konar,1 C. Dalin,1 S. Suweis,1,2 N and methodology for studying virtual water trade. We utilize complex network theory to analyze the structure of the global virtual water trade associated with the international food trade. In the global virtual water

  8. Detecting Turning Points of Trading Price and Return Volatility for Market Surveillance Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Trading agent concept is very useful for trading strategy design and market mechanism design for trading strategy design and market mechanism design [2]. Besides that, we are also particularly interestedDetecting Turning Points of Trading Price and Return Volatility for Market Surveillance Agents

  9. Spatial Equilibrium Modeling with Imperfectly Competitive Markets: An Application to Rice Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    when all trading countries comply with the free trade agreement. #12;1 Spatial Equilibrium ModelingSpatial Equilibrium Modeling with Imperfectly Competitive Markets: An Application to Rice Trade Chi: An Application to Rice Trade Abstract A general imperfect competition spatial equilibrium model is developed

  10. Using Weigh-in-Motion Data to Calibrate Trade-Derived Estimates of Mexican

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    to determine ETT North American Free Trade Agreement volumes. As federal andUsing Weigh-in-Motion Data to Calibrate Trade-Derived Estimates of Mexican Trade Truck Volumes.) that carry interna- tional trade. However, the data sources available make this problem- atic and imprecise

  11. EsxB, a secreted protein from B acillus anthracis forms two distinct helical bundles: Structure of Secreted EsxB and its Variants

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fan, Yao; Tan, Kemin; Chhor, Gekleng; Butler, Emily K.; Jedrzejczak, Robert P.; Missiakas, Dominique; Joachimiak, Andrzej

    2015-07-03

    The EsxB protein from Bacillus anthracis belongs to the WXG100 family, a group of proteins secreted by a specialized secretion system. We have determined the crystal structures of recombinant EsxB and discovered that the small protein (?10 kDa), comprised of a helix-loop-helix (HLH) hairpin, is capable of associating into two different helical bundles. The two basic quaternary assemblies of EsxB are an antiparallel (AP) dimer and a rarely observed bisecting U (BU) dimer. This structural duality of EsxB is believed to originate from the heptad repeat sequence diversity of the first helix of its HLH hairpin, which allows for twomore »alternative helix packing. The flexibility of EsxB and the ability to form alternative helical bundles underscore the possibility that this protein can serve as an adaptor in secretion and can form hetero-oligomeric helix bundle(s) with other secreted members of the WXG100 family, such as EsxW. The highly conserved WXG motif is located within the loop of the HLH hairpin and is mostly buried within the helix bundle suggesting that its role is mainly structural. The exact functions of the motif, including a proposed role as a secretion signal, remain unknown.« less

  12. an Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20091 (Recovery Act) provides protections for cert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Tin-Yau

    ors, subcontractors, grantees, or professional membership organizations acting in the interest ry Act vernmen ctors, sububbbbbcoonttraactctorors,s,s,s,s grantees, or proofofofofofesesesessisisis

  13. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Practices · Tools and Resources FERPA Overview #12;Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 · FERPAFamily Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) An Overview Bart Quinet University Registrar Vanderbilt University #12;· Background · Key Concepts · Annual Notification · Education Records · Public vs

  14. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanneschlager, R. E.

    1990-01-01

    Congress is currently debating amendments to the Clean Air Act which would strengthen and enhance the current Clean Air Act. The bill would guarantee a reduction of 10 million tons of sulfur dioxide from 1980 levels; would sharply reduce pollutants...

  15. Personal Health Information Act (PHIA) and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Personal Health Information Act (PHIA) and Research Dalhousie Research Ethics Board Presented Information Act ­ Provincial privacy legislation under the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness health information for planning or research. · Follows the pattern of protection adopted by various

  16. District of Columbia Recovery Act State Memo

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation’s energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in the District of Columbia...

  17. Organic cation secretion by Cancer borealis urinary bladder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, D.S.; Holliday, C.W.

    1987-01-01

    In the crab, Cancer borealis, initial clearance studies showed a potent renal excretory system for the model organic cation, tetraethylammonium (TEA). (/sup 14/C)-TEA clearance averaged 145 +/- 32 ml/day, which was 18 times the paired polyethylene glycol clearance. TEA uptake by slices of urinary bladder was concentrative, saturable, inhibitable by N/sup 1/-methylnicotinamide chloride, and dependent on glycolytic, but not oxidative, metabolism. When mounted in flux chambers, bladders exhibited a large net secretory flux. For 0.1 mM TEA, the ratio of secretory to reabsorptive fluxes was 65. Urinary bladders from another crab, Cancer irroratus, and a lobster, Homarus americanus, also exhibited net TEA secretion. In C. borealis bladder, secretory transport was concentrative, saturable, and nearly abolished by addition of 1 mM quinine to the serosol bath. Reabsorptive transport was not concentrative and was not reduced by luminal quinine. The data are consistent with a secretory pathway that is transcellular and mediated by carriers at both the serosal and luminal membranes.

  18. The USA PATRIOT ACT and Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redmiles, David F.

    , and criminal action for political advocacy. Expands the ability of law enforcement to conduct secret searches, financial, mental health, and student records with minimal judicial oversight. Allows FBI Agents to investigate American citizens for criminal matters without probable cause of crime if they say

  19. Williamson Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia: EnergyMaryland:MeadowWikiSysop'sOhio:Florida: EnergyAct Jump to:

  20. WIPP - Privacy Act of 1974

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentat LENA|UpcomingVisit UsNews ThisPrivacy Act Quick Links

  1. Recovery Act State Memos Nevada

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct. 7,DOERTI | Department8Recovery ActCalifornia ForNevada

  2. Sikes Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH Jump to: navigation,ShowSikes Act Jump to:

  3. Recovery Act | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report Appendices |ProjectKnow YourDepartment ofAugustPastRecovery Act

  4. Energy Employees' Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Employees' Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) Tracking Database, INL Energy Employees' Occupational Illness Compensation Program Energy Employees' Occupational...

  5. Analysis of secreted proteins of Magnaporthe grisea and the search for protein effectors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shang, Yue

    2007-09-17

    Magnaporthe grisea is a notorious pathogenic fungus that causes rice blast disease worldwide. Proteins secreted by the fungus are likely candidates for being effectors that are potentially recognized by determinants of ...

  6. Characterization of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato AvrRpt2 protein: demonstration of secretion and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato AvrRpt2 protein: demonstration of secretion Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 (Pst DC3000) expressing avrRpt2 is speci®cally recognized

  7. Linking Two Seemingly Unrelated Diseases, Cancer and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Through a Dictyostelium Secreted Protein 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herlihy, Sarah E

    2014-06-05

    The work in this dissertation links two diseases through a protein secreted by Dictyostelium discoideum cells. The protein, AprA, inhibits cell proliferation and induces chemorepulsion (movement away) of Dictyostelium cells. This has implications...

  8. Permit Allocation in Emissions Trading using the Boltzmann Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Ji-Won; Isard, Walter

    2011-01-01

    In emissions trading, the initial permit allocation is an intractable issue because it needs to be essentially fair to the participating countries. There are many ways to distribute a given total amount of emissions permits among countries, but the existing distribution methods such as auctioning and grandfathering have been debated. Here we describe a new model for permit allocation in emissions trading using the Boltzmann distribution. The Boltzmann distribution is introduced to permit allocation by combining it with concepts in emissions trading. A price determination mechanism for emission permits is then developed in relation to the {\\beta} value in the Boltzmann distribution. Finally, it is demonstrated how emissions permits can be practically allocated among participating countries in empirical results. The new allocation model using the Boltzmann distribution describes a most probable, natural, and unbiased distribution of emissions permits among multiple countries. Based on its simplicity and versati...

  9. Recovery Act Federal Register Notices | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a grant from the Department of Energy's Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) Program. More Congressional Testimony Recovery Act Recovery Act Interoperability Recovery Act SGIG...

  10. Connecticut Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Connecticut Recovery Act State Memo Connecticut Recovery Act State Memo The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful downpayment on the nation's energy...

  11. Economic and Emissions Implications of Load-Based, Source-based and First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California AB32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yihsu; Liu, Andrew L.; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

    2008-01-01

    cates in a load-based emissions trading scheme. Technicaland First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under Californiaand First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California

  12. The Renewed Neomercantilism and the Persistent Legacy of the Developmental State in Korea : Free Trade Agreements with Chile and with the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Taekyoon

    2012-01-01

    The social construction of free trade: the European Union,Power Politics and the Free Trade Bandwagon." ComparativeKrueger, Anne O. 1995. Free trade agreements versus customs

  13. World Literature and Economic Hegemony: Free-Trade Imperialism and 'Whole Populations Conjured Out of the Ground' in The Communist Manifesto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andre, Chris

    1996-01-01

    and Economic Hegemony: Free-Trade Imperialism and 'Wholeand Economic Hegemony: Free-Trade Imperialism and 'Wholedevelopment of British free-trade imperialism, while Marx

  14. Within-Industry Technological Specialization, Collective Action, and Trade Policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urbanski, Piotr

    2015-01-21

    . I tie this with the logic of collective action and classical trade models to de- 6See Jones (2009). Also Wuchty et al. (2007); Jones et al. 2007. 6 rive an industry’s ability and intensity of lobbying over trade policy. The proposed theory helps us... has continued to de- velop. Arguably at an ever increasing rate. However, some industries have developed faster than others. At the same time some sectors of the American economy have lib- eralized more or less. Are the two trends related...

  15. Asia-Pacific focus of coming LNG trade boom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-16

    This paper reports that the Asia-Pacific region remains the centerpiece of a booming world trade in liquefied natural gas. Biggest growth in LNG demand is expected from some of the region's strongest economies such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, Key LNG exporters such as Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia are scrambling to implement projects to meet that expected demand growth. Uncertainties cloud the outlook for Far East LNG trade, Australia, for one, is more cautious in pressing expansion of its LNG export capacity as more competing LNG expansions spring up around the world, notably in the Middle East and Africa.

  16. Credit Trading and Wind Power: Issues and Opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Rackstraw, John Palmisano

    2001-01-15

    OAK-B135 This paper focuses on credits that are derived from wind energy technology, but the same concepts apply to other renewable energy technologies as well. Credit trading can be applied to a wide variety of policies, programs and private market activities and represents a means of tapping into revenue streams that heretofore have largely excluded wind and other renewables. In addition, credit trading can help to ''create'' new revenue streams for wind and other renewables by helping to grow new markets.

  17. Closing the Gap: Using the Clean Air Act to Control Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagan, Colin R.

    2012-01-01

    out that EPA used an emissions trading program to controlsuggested that an emissions trading system could qualify asTO MANAGE LIFECYCLE GHG emissions trading system would also

  18. Clothes washer standards in China -- The problem of water and energy trade-offs in establishing efficiency standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biermayer, Peter J.; Lin, Jiang

    2004-01-01

    the Problem of Water and Energy Trade-offs in Establishingthe Problem of Water and Energy Trade-offs in Establishinga trade-off between water and energy savings Uses more water

  19. Massachusetts Endangered Species Act Regulations (Massachusetts)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The regulations that accompany the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act list three categories of animals and plants in need of protection: endangered, threatened, and species of special concern....

  20. Integrated Solid Waste Management Act (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This act affirms the state's support for alternative waste management practices, including waste reduction and resource recovery. Each county and municipality is required to file an integrated...

  1. Americans with Disabilities Act Signed (1990)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, State and local government services, public...

  2. with Disabilities Act Requirements Workplace ADA Requirements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination in public places against individuals with disabilities. As an employer installing...

  3. Remarks from the Acting Deputy Secretary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Remarks as prepared for delivery by Acting Deputy Secretary of Energy Jeffrey Kupfer; State of Environmental Justice in America; May 22, 2008; Washington, DC.

  4. Recovery Act Progress Update: Reactor Closure Feature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2010-01-01

    A Recovery Act Progress Update. Decommissioning of two nuclear reactor sites at the Department of Energy's facilities has been approved and is underway.

  5. Faces of the Recovery Act: 1366 Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LEXINGTON, MA - At 1366 Technologies, Ely Sachs and Frank van Mierlo are using ARPA-E Recovery Act funding to dramatically reduce the costs of solar panel production.

  6. TAP Webinar: Davis-Bacon Act Compliance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar, held on Nov. 18, 2014, offered information for Energy Department grantees, sub-grantees, and their contractors on complying with Davis-Bacon Act requirements.

  7. Faces of the Recovery Act: Sun Catalytix

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dan Nocera talks about Sun Catalytix, the next generation of solar energy, and ARPA-E funding through the Recovery Act.

  8. National Environmental Policy Act: Little Information Exists...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Environmental Policy Act: Little Information Exists on NEPA Analyses Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: National Environmental...

  9. Recovery Act Progress Update: Reactor Closure Feature

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2012-06-14

    A Recovery Act Progress Update. Decommissioning of two nuclear reactor sites at the Department of Energy's facilities has been approved and is underway.

  10. Commodity Money Equilibrium in a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Elementary Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STARR, ROSS M

    2005-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:This pattern of trade poses a problem. It is not anin a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Elementary Example

  11. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STARR, ROSS M

    2005-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the the- orist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction2 commodity-pairwise trading posts. Bid and ask prices are

  12. Commodity Money Equilibrium in a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2006-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:This pattern of trade poses a problem. It is not anin a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Elementary Example BY

  13. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy With Transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:equilibrium. The trading post model endogenously generates aExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  14. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in A Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with TransactionExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  15. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    permits for any permit trading among energy producers. ISO’swholesale power trading in Germany Power and Energy Societytrading: strategically manipu- lating permit price through fringe firms. Applied Energy,

  16. Allocating emissions permits in cap-and-trade programs: Theory and evidence Preliminary.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    emissions trading program are used to analyze these relationships empirically. I ...nd robust evidence an important a factor in the widespread adoption of emissions trading programs. More recently, a third design

  17. The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Proto-Type Global System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2008-01-01

    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

  18. The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Prototype Global System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

  19. Carbon tax is superior to cap-and-trade Jonas Nycander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nycander, Jonas

    . #12;Figure 1. Market price in EUR/ton CO2 of emissions allowances in the European Emissions Trading that produce electricity mainly from coal. In 2005 the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) began. The emissions

  20. THE POTENTIAL FOR CO2 EMISSIONS TRADING IN TRANSPORT: THE CASE OF PERSONAL VEHICLES AND FREIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 THE POTENTIAL FOR CO2 EMISSIONS TRADING IN TRANSPORT: THE CASE OF PERSONAL VEHICLES AND FREIGHT, it is of some interest to explore the inclusion of road transport in emission trading schemes. Starting from

  1. The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

    2013-09-01

    The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

  2. Behind the Multilateral Trading System: Legal Indigenization and the WTO in Comparative Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Lijuan

    2012-05-31

    of law, and segmentation of power in its political regime. Section II examines international trade disputes involving the United States as respondent and reveals certain U.S. ideologies challenged by its trading partners, such as the relationship between...

  3. The Causes of Trade Globalization: A Political-Economy and World-Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Roy

    2011-01-01

    H. 2002. ?Europe and the Causes of Globalization, 1790-2000?there are a number of causes of trade, the most important ofwe now find that it ?Granger causes? trade globalization. In

  4. Inves&ga&ng the Trade-Off between Luminous Efficacy of Radia&on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Inves&ga&ng the Trade-Off between Luminous Efficacy of Radia&on and Color, Canada · Lorne Whitehead, Canada #12;Inves&ga&ng the Trade-Off between Luminous

  5. Fuel Consumption and NOx Trade-offs on a Port-Fuel-Injected SI...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Consumption and NOx Trade-offs on a Port-Fuel-Injected SI Gasoline Engine Equipped with a Lean-NOx Trap Fuel Consumption and NOx Trade-offs on a Port-Fuel-Injected SI Gasoline...

  6. Philosophical, Religious, and Legalistic Perspectives on Equal Human Dignity and U.S. Free Trade Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2008-01-01

    What would international trade law, and particularly free trade agreements (FTAs) of the United States, look like if the dominant paradigm for their negotiation, drafting, implementation and enforcement shifted from economics to equal human dignity...

  7. Understanding the role of trading in water quality management : based on U.S. experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pharino, Chanathip

    2006-01-01

    This research demonstrates an overview of the performance of water quality trading programs currently implemented within the U.S. The role of trading in water quality management is identified through systematical comparisons ...

  8. Mathematics, Pricing, Market Risk Management and Trading Strategies for Financial Derivatives (2/3)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Market Trading and Risk Management of Vanilla FX Options - Measures of Market Risk - Implied Volatility - FX Risk Reversals, FX Strangles - Valuation and Risk Calculations - Risk Management - Market Trading Strategies

  9. Fly Photoreceptors Demonstrate Energy-Information Trade-Offs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and neurotransmitter uptake [21]. This energy usage is directly related to performance-- more power is requiredFly Photoreceptors Demonstrate Energy-Information Trade-Offs in Neural Coding Jeremy E. Niven1, United Kingdom, 2 Biology and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex

  10. Neural Networks: Tricks of the Trade R. C. Dimitriu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Neural Networks: Tricks of the Trade R. C. Dimitriu 1 Data The first thing necessary to make a reliable neural network model is good quality data which are physically meaningful. It is also necessary in selecting the kind of data used in developing the neural network. An assessment should be made

  11. Global Imbalances and the U.S. Trade Deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    of aggregate demand in both the U.S. and many other countries (see von Arnim, 2010; Cripps et al., 2011 is responsible for the views expressed here and any remaining errors. #12;1 1. Introduction As the U to augment weak domestic demand and lent the U.S. the funds required to finance the resulting trade

  12. Personal Carbon Trading: notional concept or workable proposition? Exploring theoretical,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    ;Abstract To effectively mitigate climate change in the long-term, limiting carbon dioxide emissions dioxide emissions from individuals, to enable year-on-year reductions to the overall national carbon emissions overall. This conceptual paper aims to critically examine personal carbon trading (PCT

  13. Trading accuracy for faster entity linking Kristy Hughes Joel Nothman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technologies University of Sydney NSW 2006, Australia {khug2372@uni.,joel.nothman@,james.r.curran@}sydney.edu.au James R. Curran Abstract Named entity linking (NEL) can be applied to documents such as financial Hughes, Joel Nothman and James R. Curran. 2014. Trading accuracy for faster named entity linking

  14. Promoting responsible FM & timber trade in South East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5 Import countries account for >55% from 04-07 Top 5 Export trade partners Account for >62% from 04-07 Malaysia U S Indonesia· ·Russia Thailand U S Japan China HK U K Korea #12;Theory of Change Land Manager

  15. Carbon Tax & 100% Dividend vs. Tax & Trade* Testimony of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Carbon Tax & 100% Dividend vs. Tax & Trade* Testimony of James E. Hansen 4273 Durham Road, Kintnersville, PA to Committee on Ways and Means United States House of Representatives 25 February 2009 *`Tax competing ways to achieve that price: One is Tax & 100% Dividend ­ tax carbon emissions, but give all

  16. National Geothermal Association Trade Mission to Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    The United States (US) geothermal industry, the world's most technically proficient, has been unable to achieve penetration into the markets of the developing nations. This report details the findings of an industry Trade Mission to Central America, tasked with determining the reasons for this shortfall and with developing a US industry geothermal export strategy designed to achieve immediate and long-term export benefits.

  17. ANALYSIS OF HUMIDITY HALOS AROUND TRADE WIND CUMULUS CLOUDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , in addition to those of the clouds themselves, which have an impact on the energy balance of the atmosphereANALYSIS OF HUMIDITY HALOS AROUND TRADE WIND CUMULUS CLOUDS M.-L. Lu, J. Wang, A. Freedman, H. H [vol. 60, 1041-1059 (2003)] Environmental Sciences Department Atmospheric Sciences Division Brookhaven

  18. Impact of Misalignment of Trading Agent Strategy across Multiple Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBurney, Peter

    examine the effect of a market pricing policy designed to attract high-valued traders in a multiple market market's policies. Keywords: market design, trading strategy, market selection strategy, multiple markets market due to analytical complexity. The CAT market design competition [9] is aimed at encouraging more

  19. ASEM Conference on Forests, forest governance and timber products trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ASEM Conference on Forests, forest governance and timber products trade: Scenarios and challenges:00-10:30 Co-chairs of the Conference: H.E. Chheng Kim Sun, Cambodia Cambodia, H.E. Timo Makela, European Conference ­ 4 ­ 5 May 2010 ­Phnom Penh 2 Long Ratanakoma (Cambodia) - Climate change, forest conversion

  20. Trading Structure for Randomness in Wireless Opportunistic Szymon Chachulski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Randomness in Wireless Opportunistic Routing by Szymon Chachulski Submitted to the Department of ElectricalTrading Structure for Randomness in Wireless Opportunistic Routing by Szymon Chachulski mgr inz., Warsaw University of Technology (2005) Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer

  1. Pooled Energy Budgets: Resituating Human Energy Allocation Trade-offs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramer, Karen L.

    Pooled Energy Budgets: Resituating Human Energy Allocation Trade-offs KAREN L. KRAMER AND PETER T assume that energy expended in activity (foraging effort) is proportional to body size, and that energy on food sharing, and cooperation in labor and childrearing, the ways by which energy is acquired

  2. Bringing Transportation into a Cap-and-Trade Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny.

    The U.S. may at some point adopt a national cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design very likely could still be in place. Imposed independently ...

  3. Stochastic Programming for Power Production and Trading Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Römisch, Werner

    model for mid-term cost optimal power production under uncer- tainty of electrical load, fuel prices and electricity prices in power contracts. In Sect. 4 we develop some ideas on how to couple day-ahead trading-University Berlin, lnst. of Mathematics, 10099 Berlin, Germany, E-mail: romisch@mathematik.hu-berlin.de 2 Gerhard

  4. Optimal Commodity Trading with a Capacitated Storage Asset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    reservoir · 4% Salt caverns Wild Goose Storage, Northern California (depleted Wild Goose natural gas field storage facilities as real options on natural gas prices In principle, the idea is simple: Buy low, injectOptimal Commodity Trading with a Capacitated Storage Asset Nicola Secomandi Carnegie Mellon Tepper

  5. Managing Performance vs. Accuracy Trade-offs With Loop Perforation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polz, Martin

    Managing Performance vs. Accuracy Trade-offs With Loop Perforation Stelios Sidiroglou Sasa-hoc, domain-specific techniques developed specifically for the computation at hand. Loop perforation provides of their iterations. A criticality testing phase filters out critical loops (whose perforation produces unacceptable

  6. Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration Robert B. Jackson,1 * Esteban G. Farley,1 David C. le Maitre,5 Bruce A. McCarl,6 Brian C. Murray7 Carbon sequestration strategies plantations feature prominently among tools for carbon sequestration (1­8). Plantations typi- cally combine

  7. WORKING PAPER N 2010 -13 Trade liberalization and poverty dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    WORKING PAPER N° 2010 - 13 Trade liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara, poverty dynamics, Vietnam PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD JOURDAN ­ E.N.S. ­ 75014 PARIS TÉL liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara Coello1 Madior Fall Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann May 31

  8. Optimal Trade Execution: Mean Variance or Mean Quadratic Variation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Peter A.

    of client Large orders will incur costs, due to price impact (liquidity) effects e.g. rapidly selling, the total cost of unwinding the portfolio was -6.3 Billion e The price impact of rapid liquidation caused a large block of shares will depress the price Slow trading minimizes price impact, but leaves exposure

  9. Optimal Trade Execution: Mean Variance or Mean Quadratic Variation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Peter A.

    of shares on behalf of client Large orders will incur costs, due to price impact (liquidity) effects e: Sexec = f (v)S Temporary price impact and transaction cost function f (v) is assumed to be f (v) = [1.g. rapidly selling a large block of shares will depress the price Slow trading minimizes price impact

  10. Promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Production and Trade Issue Paper No. 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Production and Trade Issue Paper No. 17 June 2009 l ICTSD Programme and Development University of Reading EU Support for Biofuels and Bioenergy, Environmental Sustainability Criteria School of Agriculture, Policy and Development University of Reading EU Support for Biofuels and Bioenergy

  11. Aligning National Environmental Policy Act Process with Environmental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Aligning National Environmental Policy Act Process with Environmental Management Systems Aligning National Environmental Policy Act Process with Environmental Management Systems...

  12. EsxB, a secreted protein from Bacillus anthracis forms two distinct helical bundles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fan, Yao; Tan, Kemin; Chhor, Gekleng; Butler, Emily K.; Jedrzejczak, Robert P.; Missiakas, Dominique; Joachimiak, Andrzej

    2015-07-03

    The EsxB protein from Bacillus anthracis belongs to the WXG100 family, a group of proteins secreted by a specialized secretion system. We have determined the crystal structures of recombinant EsxB and discovered that the small protein (~10 kDa), comprised of a helix-loop-helix (HLH) hairpin, is capable of associating into two different helical bundles. The two basic quaternary assemblies of EsxB are an antiparallel (AP) dimer and a rarely observed bisecting U (BU) dimer. This structural duality of EsxB is believed to originate from the heptad repeat sequence diversity of the first helix of its HLH hairpin, which allows for twomore »alternative helix packing. The flexibility of EsxB and the ability to form alternative helical bundles underscore the possibility that this protein can serve as an adaptor in secretion and can form hetero-oligomeric helix bundle(s) with other secreted members of the WXG100 family, such as EsxW. The highly conserved WXG motif is located within the loop of the HLH hairpin and is mostly buried within the helix bundle suggesting that its role is mainly structural. The exact functions of the motif, including a proposed role as a secretion signal, remain unknown.« less

  13. Determination of a Diagnostic Signature for World Trade Center Dust using Scanning Electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as the World Trade Center (WTC) cough, documented as respiratory and other health problems among many of those

  14. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    GHG Regulations in Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Trade Programs in Electricity: the Case of Californiadown) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.2 Electricity Analysis

  15. The Proposed Canada-United States Free Trade Area: A Phoenix Arises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganezer, David L.

    1986-01-01

    Despite dire predictions, the phoenix arose. The accord in-STATES FREE TRADE AREA: A PHOENIX ARISES David L. Ganezer*

  16. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01

    sustainable  biofuel  production."  Ecotoxicology  Dimensions  in  Biofuel   Production.  Rome,  Italy,  UN  resource impact of biofuel production and trade By Kevin

  17. ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009 OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT & REGISTRATION INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009ACT Basic Training 05/08/2009 OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT & REGISTRATION INFORMATION ACT Basic Training ­ May 8, 2009 PURPOSE: The ACT Basic Training is designed to help staff who are new to Assertive Community Treatment

  18. The European Union's emissions trading system in perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Denny Ellerman; Paul L. Joskow

    2008-05-15

    The performance of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to date cannot be evaluated without recognizing that the first three years from 2005 through 2007 constituted a 'trial' period and understanding what this trial period was supposed to accomplish. Its primary goal was to develop the infrastructure and to provide the experience that would enable the successful use of a cap-and-trade system to limit European GHG emissions during a second trading period, 2008-12, corresponding to the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The trial period was a rehearsal for the later more serious engagement and it was never intended to achieve significant reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions in only three years. In light of the speed with which the program was developed, the many sovereign countries involved, the need to develop the necessary data, information dissemination, compliance and market institutions, and the lack of extensive experience with emissions trading in Europe, we think that the system has performed surprisingly well. Although there have been plenty of rough edges, a transparent and widely accepted price for tradable CO{sub 2} emission allowances emerged by January 1, 2005, a functioning market for allowances has developed quickly and effortlessly without any prodding by the Commission or member state governments, the cap-and-trade infrastructure of market institutions, registries, monitoring, reporting and verification is in place, and a significant segment of European industry is incorporating the price of CO{sub 2} emissions into their daily production decisions. The development of the EU ETS and the experience with the trial period provides a number of useful lessons for the U.S. and other countries. 27 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. Assessing Data Deduplication Trade-offs from an Energy and Performance Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butt, Ali R.

    Assessing Data Deduplication Trade-offs from an Energy and Performance Perspective Lauro Beltr systems. This paper evaluates the energy trade-offs brought by data dedupli- cation in distributed storage. From an energy perspective, data deduplication enables a trade-off between the energy consumed

  20. Optimizing Energy-Latency Trade-off in Sensor Networks with Controlled Mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    Optimizing Energy-Latency Trade-off in Sensor Networks with Controlled Mobility Ryo Sugihara Rajesh the flexibility in the energy-latency trade-off for sensor network communications. I. INTRODUCTION Controlled the energy-latency trade-off when using a data mule. We design a problem framework for optimizing the data

  1. A Technique for Energy Versus Quality of Service Trade-off for MPEG-2 Decoder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatha, Karam S.

    A Technique for Energy Versus Quality of Service Trade-off for MPEG-2 Decoder Krishnan Srinivasan computation in turn can be traded-off for energy reduction by exploiting dy- namic power management (DPM. The paper presents technique for energy versus qual- ity trade-off by selective processing of macroblocks

  2. On the Energy-Delay Trade-off of a Two-Way Relay Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    1 On the Energy-Delay Trade-off of a Two-Way Relay Network Xiang He Aylin Yener Wireless relay. The bi-directional nature of the traffic, in this setting, poses a new energy delay trade, queuing, energy-delay trade-off I. INTRODUCTION The two-way relay network considered in this work consists

  3. Energy Efficiency and Contact Opportunities Trade-off in Opportunistic Mobile Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    1 Energy Efficiency and Contact Opportunities Trade-off in Opportunistic Mobile Networks Huan Zhou-off between energy efficiency and contact opportunities in OppNets. In order to investigate this trade-off, we on the proposed model, we analyze the trade-off between energy efficiency and the total number of effective

  4. Investigating Energy and Security Trade-offs in the Classroom With the Atom LEAP Testbed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Investigating Energy and Security Trade-offs in the Classroom With the Atom LEAP Testbed Peter A. H seminar investi- gating potential trade-offs between security and energy consumption. Twenty tool for energy research and education. 1 Introduction Mobile and embedded devices face difficult trade

  5. Optimizing Energy-Latency Trade-off in Sensor Networks with Controlled Mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    Optimizing Energy-Latency Trade-off in Sensor Networks with Controlled Mobility Ryo Sugihara Rajesh increasing the flexibility in the energy-latency trade-off for sensor network communications. I. INTRODUCTION the energy-latency trade-off when using a data mule. We design a problem framework for optimizing the data

  6. On the Trade-Offs among Performance, Energy, and Endurance in a Versatile Hybrid Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zadok, Erez

    On the Trade-Offs among Performance, Energy, and Endurance in a Versatile Hybrid Drive ZHICHAO LI ZADOK, Stony Brook University There are trade-offs among performance, energy, and device endurance, efficient energy consumption, or im- proving endurance--leaving quantitative study on the trade-offs being

  7. Imperfect Enforcement of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory Investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James J.

    March 2008 Imperfect Enforcement of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory Investigation Abstract: This paper uses laboratory to be low. Thus, although a standard model of compliance with emissions trading programs tends to predict

  8. Is International Emissions Trading Always Beneficial? Mustafa Babiker 1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    33 Is International Emissions Trading Always Beneficial? Mustafa Babiker 1,2 , John Reilly 2 and Laurent Viguier 2,3 Economic efficiency is a major argument for international emissions trading under gains from emission trading under the Kyoto Protocol (Weyant, 1999). This literature emphasizes

  9. The hedge value of international emissions trading under uncertainty Mort Webster n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The hedge value of international emissions trading under uncertainty Mort Webster n , Sergey Keywords: Climate change Emissions trading Uncertainty a b s t r a c t This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing on a here-to-fore neglected component; its value as a hedge against

  10. Equity and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang, Marco Springmann and Valerie Karplus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equity and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang, Marco Springmann and Valerie Karplus Report No. 257 and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang* , Marco Springmann§ , and Valerie Karplus Abstract China has embarked analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, economic

  11. Optimal environmental border adjustments under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emissions Trading System. The EU allows for trade restrictions in the form of a (WTO compliant) "carbon, and how does it compare to the domestic carbon price? In the context of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), for example, what is the optimal--WTO consistent--border carbon adjustment? We

  12. Direct and Market Effects of Enforcing Emissions Trading Programs: An Experimental Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James J.

    March 2005 Direct and Market Effects of Enforcing Emissions Trading Programs: An Experimental Economics University of Massachusetts-Amherst Abstract Since firms in an emissions trading program for emissions trading programs. JEL Codes: C91, L51, Q58. Keywords: compliance, enforcement, experiments, permit

  13. Obstacles to Global CO2 Trading: A Familiar Problem A. Denny Ellerman1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    obstacles to the development of an international CO2 emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature emissions trading. The paper reviews the various instruments by which such the Kyoto target might be met. The development of an international system for CO2 emissions trading should not be expected to be either quick

  14. Price relationships in the EU emissions trading system Julien Chevallier1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Price relationships in the EU emissions trading system Julien Chevallier1 Université Paris Dauphine Abstract The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) constrains industrial polluters to buy/sell CO2 the price relationships in the EU emissions trading system. The United Nations Framework Convention

  15. A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows-up analysis of including aviation within the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows & Kevin Anderson Tyndall's emissions trading scheme. Results indicate that unless the scheme adopts both an early baseline year

  16. The European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    No 48-2013 The European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out with the bathwater? Abstract The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS), presented as the ``flagship'' of European climate policy

  17. Intertemporal Emissions Trading and Market Power: A Dominant Firm with Competitive Fringe Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Intertemporal Emissions Trading and Market Power: A Dominant Firm with Competitive Fringe Model Julien Chevallier1 May 26, 2009 Abstract In international emissions trading schemes such as the Kyoto Protocol and the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme, the suboptimal negotiation of the cap

  18. Briefing Note 2010 -2 Tax Fraud from Emissions Trading in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Briefing Note 2010 - 2 7 May 2010 Tax Fraud from Emissions Trading in the European Union Neil Tansey and Ivan Watson Issue The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) began in 2005 as the largest multi-country and multi-sector greenhouse gas emissions trading system in the world by volume

  19. Carbon Permit Prices in the European Emissions Trading System: A Stochastic Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon Permit Prices in the European Emissions Trading System: A Stochastic Analysis By Wee Chiang, Technology and Policy Program 1 #12;Carbon Permit Prices in the European Emissions Trading System Abstract The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cornerstone for European efforts to reduce greenhouse gas

  20. The Competitive Analysis of Risk Taking with Applications to Online Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Competitive Analysis of Risk Taking with Applications to Online Trading (Technical Report: CUCS the risk­reward framework. Keywords: Adaptive trading strategies, Competitive analysis, Finacial trading by computer scientists is risk averse. In this paper, we extend competitive analysis to allow an investor

  1. Market impact and trading protocols of hidden orders in stock markets Esteban Moro,1, 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Market impact and trading protocols of hidden orders in stock markets Esteban Moro,1, 2 Javier study the market impact of trading orders. We are specifically interested in large trading orders, as a given order is executed, the impact grows in time according to a power-law; after the order is finished

  2. OPTIMAL POWER/DELAY TRADE-OFFS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SMALL DELAY ASYMPTOTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Randall

    OPTIMAL POWER/DELAY TRADE-OFFS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS ­ SMALL DELAY ASYMPTOTICS Randall A@ece.northwestern.edu ABSTRACT In this paper we consider the optimal trade-off between av- erage transmission power and average the behavior of this trade-off in the regime of asymptotically large power and small delay. Our focus

  3. Exploring Power Behaviors and Trade-offs of In-situ Data Marc Gamell,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pakin, Scott

    Exploring Power Behaviors and Trade-offs of In-situ Data Analytics Marc Gamell, Ivan Rodero, Manish it is also critical to understand these overheads and associated trade-offs from an energy perspective. The goal of this paper is exploring data-related energy/performance trade-offs for end-to-end simulation

  4. Improved Power-Delay Trade-off in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using Opportunistic Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Hoon

    Improved Power-Delay Trade-off in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using Opportunistic Routing Won power- delay trade-off than the conventional routing while providing up to a logarithmic boost that the power can be reduced at the expense of increased delay for both scenarios, but better trade-off can

  5. Optimal power-delay trade-offs in fading channels -small delay asymptotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Randall

    1 Optimal power-delay trade-offs in fading channels - small delay asymptotics Randall A. Berry Dept, we study the behavior of the optimal power-delay trade-off for a single user in the regime@ece.northwestern.edu Abstract When transmitting stochastically arriving data over fading channels there is an inherent trade

  6. Power and Delay Trade-offs in Fading Channels Randall A. Berry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Randall

    Power and Delay Trade-offs in Fading Channels by Randall A. Berry S.M., Massachusetts Institute by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;#12;Power and Delay Trade of higher transmission power. The trade-offs between the required power and various notions of delay

  7. Market impact and trading profile of hidden orders in stock markets Esteban Moro,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Market impact and trading profile of hidden orders in stock markets Esteban Moro,1,2 Javier Vicente of trading orders. We are specifically interested in large trading orders that are executed incrementally, as a given order is executed, the impact grows in time according to a power law; after the order is finished

  8. Power Versus Quality Trade-offs for Adaptive Real-Time Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power Versus Quality Trade-offs for Adaptive Real-Time Applications Andrew Nelson1, Benny Akesson2 that is used to trade processor speed for a reduction in power consumption. Adaptive applications can reduce of the H.263 decoder's scalable mechanisms, in their ability to trade quality for temporal/energy/power

  9. The Power (Law) of Indian Markets: Analysing NSE and BSE Trading Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Sitabhra

    The Power (Law) of Indian Markets: Analysing NSE and BSE Trading Statistics Sitabhra Sinha and Raj-tailed cumulative distribution, consistent with a power law having ex- ponent 3, similar to that observed in developed markets. However, the distributions of trading volume and the number of trades have a different na

  10. ESTIMATING TEXAS-MEXICO NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT TRUCK VOLUMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ESTIMATING TEXAS-MEXICO NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT TRUCK VOLUMES Paper Number: 01 San Antonio, Texas 78249 Tel (210) 458-5384 FAX (210) 458-5783 ABSTRACT North American Free Trade Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) truck traffic along that corridor segment. Yet the accurate measurement

  11. Modeling and Analysis of Detection Time Trade-offs for Channel Searching in Cognitive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    and correlated channel model. We then highlight a key trade-off underlying the overall mean time to detect a free1 Modeling and Analysis of Detection Time Trade-offs for Channel Searching in Cognitive Radio, search scheme, sensing trade-off, optimal detection time. I. INTRODUCTION Large segments of the radio

  12. Sperm velocity and longevity trade off each other and in uence fertilization in the sea urchin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    ¢c comparisons provide the most direct evidence of a trade-o¡, because they are free from other trait diSperm velocity and longevity trade off each other and in uence fertilization in the sea urchin relationship between sperm velocity and sperm longevity, but this trade-o¡ has never been demonstrated within

  13. Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries: How Costly are Free Allowances on recycled paper #12;Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries: How Costly are Free Allowances? Bruno Lanz and Sebastian Rausch* Abstract We examine the impacts of alternative cap-and-trade

  14. NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (EXCERPT) Act 451 of 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (EXCERPT) Act 451 of 1994 PART 85 FERTILIZERS in the same order given in this subdivision. Indication of grade does not apply to peat or peat moss or soil

  15. National Construction Safety Team Act Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    National Construction Safety Team Act Annual Report Fiscal Year 2008 Summary This annual report to Congress for FY 2008 is required by the National Construction Safety Team Act. NIST completed its federal report. The ICC Codes are widely adopted and used as the basis for state and local construction codes

  16. National Construction Safety Team Act Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    National Construction Safety Team Act Annual Report Fiscal Year 2007 Introduction In October 2002, the President signed into law the National Construction Safety Team (NCST) Act (P.L. 107 National Construction Safety Teams for deployment after events causing the failure of a building

  17. Faces of the Recovery Act: Sun Catalytix

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Nocera, Dave

    2013-05-29

    BOSTON- At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dan Nocera talks about Sun Catalytix, the next generation of solar energy, and ARPA-E funding through the Recovery Act. To learn about more ARPA-E projects through the Recovery Act: http://arpa-e.energy.gov/FundedProjects.aspx

  18. Policy on Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    Policy on Foreign Corrupt Practices Act I. Purpose and Scope The university has developed this policy to comply with requirements of the federal Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. The policy applies to university activities throughout the world. II. Definitions For purposes of this Policy, Anything of Value

  19. Clean Air Act Requirements: Uranium Mill Tailings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EPA'S Clean Air Act Requirements: Uranium Mill Tailings Radon Emissions Rulemaking Reid J. Rosnick Requirements for Uranium Operations (Clean Air Act) Subpart W Requirements (continued) · Radon emission standard of 20 pCi/m2/sec -- annual reporting requirements, notification in advance of testing · The radon

  20. 73-20-1. Short title. This act may be cited as the "Watershed District Act".

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    District Act [73-20-1 NMSA 1978] is to secure the federal assistance provided in Public Law 566 of the 83rd73-20-1. Short title. This act may be cited as the "Watershed District Act". History: 1953 Comp., § 45-5-19, enacted by Laws 1957, ch. 210, § 1. Cross references. -- For provisions of the Water Project

  1. Secrets of the Soil: Promotion of the Nov. 7 Science at the Theater Event

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodie, Eoin

    2011-01-01

    There are billions of microbes in a handful of soil, some of which could hold the key to our climate and energy future. Find out how at Secrets of the Soil, our next Science at the Theater Nov. 7 at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre. At the event, four Berkeley Lab scientists will reveal how our scientists travel the globe -- to deserts, rainforests, and the Arctic tundra -- to explore the secret world of soil microbes -- and what they mean to you. More info: http://www.lbl.gov/LBL-PID/fobl/

  2. Secrets of the Soil: Promotion of the Nov. 7 Science at the Theater Event

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Brodie, Eoin

    2013-05-29

    There are billions of microbes in a handful of soil, some of which could hold the key to our climate and energy future. Find out how at Secrets of the Soil, our next Science at the Theater Nov. 7 at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre. At the event, four Berkeley Lab scientists will reveal how our scientists travel the globe -- to deserts, rainforests, and the Arctic tundra -- to explore the secret world of soil microbes -- and what they mean to you. More info: http://www.lbl.gov/LBL-PID/fobl/

  3. Oblivious Handshakes and Sharing of Secrets of Privacy-Preserving Matching and Authentication Protocols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Pu

    2012-07-16

    from O(n2) (n is the number of elements) [24] or O(nL) (L is the average bit length of an element) [27] to O(n) in honest-but-curious adversarial model. Based on the framework and homomorphic randomization function a new unlinkable secret handshake... the protocols Eve Passive adversary Mallory, Mallet, Trudy Active adversaries i, j, k, n, m, w Six positive integers that represent numbers of elements, group secrets, pseudonyms, etc ? Security parameter q A large prime number G1 An additive cyclic group...

  4. Quantum Secret Sharing and Random Hopping; Using single states instead of entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahid Karimipour; Marzieh Asoudeh

    2015-07-18

    Quantum protocols for secret sharing usually rely on multi-party entanglement which with present technology is very difficult to achieve. Recently it has been shown that sequential manipulation and communication of a single $d-$ level state can do the same task of secret sharing between $N$ parties, hence alleviating the need for entanglement. However the suggested protocol which is based on using mutually unbiased bases, works only when $d$ is a prime number. We propose a new sequential protocol which is valid for any $d$.

  5. Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings: Evidence from the US Acid Rain Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, E.M.

    1997-12-31

    The US Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate in allowance trading, and whether regulatory activity at the state level would further complicate utilities` decision to trade allowances. This paper finds that public utility commission regulation has encouraged allowance trading activity in states with regulatory rulings, but that allowance trading activity has not been limited to states issuing regulations. Until there is evidence suggesting that significant additional cost savings could have been obtained if additional allowance trading activity had occurred in states without regulations or that utilities in states with regulations are still not taking advantage of all cost saving trading opportunities, this analysis suggests that there is little reason to believe that allowance trading activity is impeded by public utility commission regulations.

  6. Power Grid Network Evolutions for Local Energy Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagani, Giuliano Andrea

    2012-01-01

    The shift towards a energy Grid dominated by prosumers (consumers and producers of energy) will inevitably have repercussions on the distribution infrastructure. Today it is a hierarchical one designed to deliver energy from large scale facilities to end-users. Tomorrow it will be a capillary infrastructure at the medium and Low Voltage levels that will support local energy trading among prosumers. In our previous work, we analyzed the Dutch Power Grid and made an initial analysis of the economic impact topological properties have on decentralized energy trading. In this paper, we go one step further and investigate how different networks topologies and growth models facilitate the emergence of a decentralized market. In particular, we show how the connectivity plays an important role in improving the properties of reliability and path-cost reduction. From the economic point of view, we estimate how the topological evolutions facilitate local electricity distribution, taking into account the main cost ingredi...

  7. The Genetic Privacy Act and commentary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annas, G.J.; Glantz, L.H.; Roche, P.A.

    1995-02-28

    The Genetic Privacy Act is a proposal for federal legislation. The Act is based on the premise that genetic information is different from other types of personal information in ways that require special protection. Therefore, to effectively protect genetic privacy unauthorized collection and analysis of individually identifiable DNA must be prohibited. As a result, the premise of the Act is that no stranger should have or control identifiable DNA samples or genetic information about an individual unless that individual specifically authorizes the collection of DNA samples for the purpose of genetic analysis, authorized the creation of that private information, and has access to and control over the dissemination of that information.

  8. Lung mast cells are a source of secreted phospholipases A2 Massimo Triggiani, MD, PhD,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelb, Michael

    Lung mast cells are a source of secreted phospholipases A2 Massimo Triggiani, MD, PhD,a Giorgio and to examine the expression and release of sPLA2s from primary human lung mast cells (HLMCs). Methods: sPLA2 of asthmatic patients. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2009;124:558-65.) Key words: Lung mast cells, secreted

  9. A methodology for assessing the market benefits of alternative motor fuels: The Alternative Fuels Trade Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leiby, P.N.

    1993-09-01

    This report describes a modeling methodology for examining the prospective economic benefits of displacing motor gasoline use by alternative fuels. The approach is based on the Alternative Fuels Trade Model (AFTM). AFTM development was undertaken by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a longer term study of alternative fuels issues. The AFTM is intended to assist with evaluating how alternative fuels may be promoted effectively, and what the consequences of substantial alternative fuels use might be. Such an evaluation of policies and consequences of an alternative fuels program is being undertaken by DOE as required by Section 502(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Interest in alternative fuels is based on the prospective economic, environmental and energy security benefits from the substitution of these fuels for conventional transportation fuels. The transportation sector is heavily dependent on oil. Increased oil use implies increased petroleum imports, with much of the increase coming from OPEC countries. Conversely, displacement of gasoline has the potential to reduce US petroleum imports, thereby reducing reliance on OPEC oil and possibly weakening OPEC`s ability to extract monopoly profits. The magnitude of US petroleum import reduction, the attendant fuel price changes, and the resulting US benefits, depend upon the nature of oil-gas substitution and the supply and demand behavior of other world regions. The methodology applies an integrated model of fuel market interactions to characterize these effects.

  10. Update on Fabrication of Extrusions for TREAT Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luther, Erik Paul; Leckie, Rafael M.; Dombrowski, David E.; Papin, Pallas A.

    2014-03-05

    This supplemental report describes fuel fabrication efforts conducted for the Idaho National Laboratory Trade Study for the TREAT Conversion project that is exploring the replacement of the HEU (Highly Enriched Uranium) fuel core of the TREAT reactor with LEU (Low Enriched Uranium) fuel. Previous reports have documented fabrication of fuel by the “upgrade” process developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. These experiments supplement an earlier report that describes efforts to increase the graphite content of extruded fuel and minimize cracking.

  11. National Geothermal Association Trade Mission to Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    The United States (US) geothermal industry, the world`s most technically proficient, has been unable to achieve penetration into the markets of the developing nations. This report details the findings of an industry Trade Mission to Central America, tasked with determining the reasons for this shortfall and with developing a US industry geothermal export strategy designed to achieve immediate and long-term export benefits.

  12. On emissions trading, toxic debt and the Australian power market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simshauser, Paul

    2009-03-15

    Implementation of emissions trading will have profound effects on the financial stability of coal generators. While the impact on equity capital is well understood, the potential fallout in the market for project finance is not. During the current global financial crisis, the form and quantum of transitional assistance to coal generators will be crucial to ensure ongoing participation of domestic and foreign project banks in the power markets. (author)

  13. Joint Trade Mission to China | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | International Nuclear EnergyatJobsJoint Trade Mission

  14. Nature of conflict in the regulatory process: a study of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kane, H.S.

    1983-01-01

    The Clean Air Act Amendments were selected as a vehicle for this analysis because they are currently active within the legislative system; the 97th Congress has again taken up the Clean Air Act, most recently amended in 1977. Whether Congress actually amended the Act was not nearly so important as the issue being active for study: positions being formulated, lobbying being conducted, perspectives being modified, Congressional committees meeting, and testimony being taken. The first purpose of this dissertation was to understand the nature of conflict - agreement and disagreement over the broad range of issues - within the regulatory system. The purpose was not to describe how conflict is resolved, but to determine what variables give rise to conflict. Four variables were selected to describe the dimensions of conflict in the public policy arena: specificity, extent of change, complexity, and benefit/cost. A research study was designed and conducted to measure these variables across the key provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments. The second purpose of the dissertation was to describe and assess the nature of the feelings of the organizations studied toward each other. These organizations were drawn from four groups representing those with a primary stake in the Clean Air Act Amendments: Congress, government agencies, and two interest groups (environmental and business, including allied trade associations).

  15. Reversibility and Adiabatic Computation: Trading Time and Space for Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ming Li; Paul Vitanyi

    1997-03-13

    Future miniaturization and mobilization of computing devices requires energy parsimonious `adiabatic' computation. This is contingent on logical reversibility of computation. An example is the idea of quantum computations which are reversible except for the irreversible observation steps. We propose to study quantitatively the exchange of computational resources like time and space for irreversibility in computations. Reversible simulations of irreversible computations are memory intensive. Such (polynomial time) simulations are analysed here in terms of `reversible' pebble games. We show that Bennett's pebbling strategy uses least additional space for the greatest number of simulated steps. We derive a trade-off for storage space versus irreversible erasure. Next we consider reversible computation itself. An alternative proof is provided for the precise expression of the ultimate irreversibility cost of an otherwise reversible computation without restrictions on time and space use. A time-irreversibility trade-off hierarchy in the exponential time region is exhibited. Finally, extreme time-irreversibility trade-offs for reversible computations in the thoroughly unrealistic range of computable versus noncomputable time-bounds are given.

  16. Biosynthesis and secretion of plant cuticular wax L. Kunst, A.L. Samuels*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunst, Ljerka

    Review Biosynthesis and secretion of plant cuticular wax L. Kunst, A.L. Samuels* Department the aerial portions of land plants. It consists of amorphous intracuticular wax embedded in cutin polymer, and epicuticular wax crystalloids that coat the outer plant surface and impart a whitish appearance. Cuticular wax

  17. A mathematical method for extracting cell secretion rate from affinity biosensors continuously monitoring cell activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revzin, Alexander

    A mathematical method for extracting cell secretion rate from affinity biosensors continuously-sensing biosensor for detection of biological species at ultralow concentrations J. Appl. Phys. 113, 224905 (2013); 10.1063/1.4807832 Gold coating of micromechanical DNA biosensors by pulsed laser deposition J. Appl

  18. PHASES IN THE UNRAVELING OF THE SECRETS OF THE GEAR SYSTEM OF THE ANTIKYTHERA MECHANISM. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PHASES IN THE UNRAVELING OF THE SECRETS OF THE GEAR SYSTEM OF THE ANTIKYTHERA MECHANISM. 1 Teun Museum in Athens. Traces of gear- wheels were clearly visible as well. The pieces turned out to be parts of the gearing system. 1 This is the text of a lecture given at the International Symposium on the History

  19. PULSE: A Suite of R Functions for Detecting Pulsatile Hormone Secretions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuedong

    PULSE: A Suite of R Functions for Detecting Pulsatile Hormone Secretions Yu­Chieh Yang Department 93106. email: yuedong@pstat.ucsb.edu September 7, 2004 1 Introduction PULSE is a R package for hormone pulse detection and estimation based on the nonlinear mixed e#ects partial spline models proposed

  20. PULSE: A Suite of R Functions for Detecting Pulsatile Hormone Secretions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuedong

    PULSE: A Suite of R Functions for Detecting Pulsatile Hormone Secretions Yu-Chieh Yang Department 93106. email: yuedong@pstat.ucsb.edu September 7, 2004 1 Introduction PULSE is a R package for hormone pulse detection and estimation based on the nonlinear mixed effects partial spline models proposed