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1

Blog Trac kresults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Blog Trac kresults, opinion searc htask -- Indiana Univ ersit y(Y ang) Summary Statistics Run ID: wo qs2 Topic fields used title Do cumen tfields ...

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

2

Blog Trac kresults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Blog Trac kresults, opinion searc htask -- Indiana Univ ersit y(Y ang) Summary Statistics Run ID: wxo qf2 Topic fields used title, description, ...

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

3

METALS~~~SINTEG~~~~TING~COMPANY, INC.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

METALS~~~SINTEG~~~~TING~COMPANY, INC. METALS~~~SINTEG~~~~TING~COMPANY, INC. April 5, 1946 War Department Manhattan &glneer District P. 0. Box #33S Church Street Annex New York 8, New Pork Attention: Major W illiam C. Camobell Re: Supplemental Agreement Modification # 12, Con- tract No. W-7405-enq 139 Gentlemen: We are returning herewith, Supplemental Agree- ~~ya*~t~,",":' "~Fc:s2~~r1~~r~~~~~ng, that on receipt of the signed agreement herein, the Contracting Officer will affix his signature and no further approval or signature by higher authority will be required. We are also enclosing herewith, our certified check payable to the Treasurer of the United States, in the sum of $61,500.00 in conformity with the agree- 'jment. We would be pleased to have you acknowledge re-

4

Internship Programs | TRAC for Science Teachers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Teacher Research Associates (TRAC) Program Description The goals of Fermilab's TRAC program are to provide outstanding science, mathematics, computer science, and technology...

5

Nobel Prize | 1976 Prize in Physics, Samuel Ting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Samuel C.C. Ting and his research team Samuel C.C. Ting and his research team Samuel C.C. Ting and his research team. Discovery of the J/psi Particle The 1976 Nobel Prize in physics was shared by a Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher who used Brookhaven's Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) to discover a new particle and confirm the existence of the charmed quark. Samuel C.C. Ting (at left, with his research team) was credited for finding what he called the "J" particle, the same particle as the "psi" found at nearly the same time at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center by a group led by Burton Richter. The particle is now known as the J/psi. Ting's experiment took advantage of the AGS's high-intensity proton beams, which bombarded a stationary target to produce showers of particles that

6

Free Energy Guided Sampling Ting Zhou and Amedeo Caflisch*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Guided Sampling Ting Zhou and Amedeo Caflisch* Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: A free energy-guided sampling dynamics. Using the cut-based free energy profile and Markov state models, FEGS speeds up sampling

Caflisch, Amedeo

7

TRAC Teacher Research Program NSM 5408 (FERMI)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"EXCELLENCE THROUGH COLLABORATIVE COMMUNITIES OF LEARNERS" AURORA UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS Course Number: NSM 5408 Course Title: TRAC Teacher Research Program 4.5 Semester Hours...

8

Samuel C.C. Ting, the J/psi Particle (Charm), and the Alpha Magnetic...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

University where he became interested in the physics of electron-positron pair production. ... In the spring of 1972, Ting, then on the faculty at the Massachusetts Institute...

9

Teacher Research Associates (TRAC) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Teacher Research Associates (TRAC) Teacher Research Associates (TRAC) Teacher Research Associates (TRAC) December 1, 2012 12:15PM EST to February 15, 2013 5:00PM EST Fermilab Accelator Laboratory The goals of Fermilab's TRAC program are to provide outstanding science, mathematics, computer science, and technology teachers with professional scientific, engineering, or technical experiences through summer research opportunities. The increased awareness and understanding of cutting-edge science and technology obtained by the teacher can be transferred back to the classroom. Teachers are assigned mentors and jobs that best match the teacher's skills and interest with the available opportunities for that summer. Appointments are for a period of eight weeks in the summer. Selection is based on the applicant's educational and professional qualifications,

10

Samuel C.C. Ting, the J/psi Particle (Charm), and the Alpha Magnetic  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Samuel C.C. Ting, the J/psi Particle (Charm), and Samuel C.C. Ting, the J/psi Particle (Charm), and the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) Resources with Additional Information Samuel C.C. Ting Credit: Courtesy of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 'Samuel C.C. Ting was born ... in Ann Arbor, Michigan, ... [and] received his elementary and secondary education in China ... . He excelled in mathematics, science and history. In 1956, Ting returned to the United States to attend the University of Michigan as an engineering student, but he soon transferred his major to physics.'1 In 1959, he was awarded a BSE (in physics) and BSE (in mathematics), both from the University of Michigan and in 1962, he was awarded a Ph.D. (in physics), also from the University of Michigan. 'After receiving his Ph.D., Ting went to CERN as a Ford Foundation postdoctoral scholar, then joined the faculty at Columbia University where he became interested in the physics of electron-positron pair production. ...

11

TRAC-P validation test matrix. Revision 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This document briefly describes the elements of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s) software quality assurance program leading to software (code) qualification and identifies a test matrix for qualifying Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC)-Pressurized Water Reactor Version (-P), or TRAC-P, to the NRC`s software quality assurance requirements. Code qualification is the outcome of several software life-cycle activities, specifically, (1) Requirements Definition, (2) Design, (3) Implementation, and (4) Qualification Testing. The major objective of this document is to define the TRAC-P Qualification Testing effort.

Hughes, E.D.; Boyack, B.E.

1997-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

12

Independent code assessment at BNL in FY 1982. [TRAC-PF1; RELAP5/MOD1; TRAC-BD1  

SciTech Connect

Independent assessment of the advanced codes such as TRAC and RELAP5 has continued at BNL through the Fiscal Year 1982. The simulation tests can be grouped into the following five categories: critical flow, counter-current flow limiting (CCFL) or flooding, level swell, steam generator thermal performance, and natural circulation. TRAC-PF1 (Version 7.0) and RELAP5/MOD1 (Cycle 14) codes were assessed by simulating all of the above experiments, whereas the TRAC-BD1 (Version 12.0) code was applied only to the CCFL tests. Results and conclusions of the BNL code assessment activity of FY 1982 are summarized below.

Saha, P.; Rohatgi, U.S.; Jo, J.H.; Neymotin, L.; Slovik, G.; Yuelys-Miksis, C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

TRAC large-break loss-of-coolant accident analysis for the AP600 design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses a TRAC model of the Westinghouse AP600 advanced reactor design which has been developed for analyzing large-break loss-of-coolant accident (LBLOCA) transients. A preliminary LBLOCA calculation of a 80% cold-leg break has been performed with TRAC-PF1/MOD2. The 80% break size was calculated by Westinghouse to be the most severe large-break size. The LBLOCA transient was calculated to 92 s. Peak clad temperatures (PCT) were well below the Appendix K limit of 1478 K (2200{degrees}F). Transient event times and PCT for the TRAC calculation were in reasonable agreement with those calculated by Westinghouse using their WCOBRA/TRAC code.

Lime, J.F.; Boyack, B.E.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Development of a Fast Time-Resolved Aerosol Collector (Fast TRAC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off-line analyses * Good for cloud microstructures * And plumes Size of new Fast-TRAC Hi def video Folded microscope Xiao-Ying Yu, James Cowin PNNL Future Work * Make it...

15

STAirEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY IC GOMES b oNSUL TING AND INVESTEMENT INC., FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STAirEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS STAirEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY IC GOMES b oNSUL TING AND INVESTEMENT INC., FOR WAIVER OF DOMESTIC }\ND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN THE IDENTIFIED INVENTIONS, DOE DOCKFT NO. S-119,346; S-119,479; AND S-126, 113, MADE IN COLLABORATION WIT ~ AN INVENTOR FROM ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY; W(1)2012-003 , CH-1647 ; W(l)2012-004 , CH-1648; W(1)2012-005 , CH-1649. I This waiver request is for/ domestic and foreign rights in three joint identified inventions made by employees of Argonne Nlational Laboratory (ANL or Lab) and IC Gomes Consulting and Investment Inc., (IC Gomes). The identified inventions were made during a collaborative interchange between an ANL inve tor and ltacil Gomes, an inventor and principal of IC Gomes. In order to commercialize the tech ology, IC Gomes hereby requests the instant patent waiver to

16

A description of the expanded test problems in the TRAC-P standard test matrix  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the expanded set of test problems that were created to augment the existing Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC)-P standard matrix of test problems. The expanded test problems were created to support the TRAC-P modernization effort. In most cases, these test problems were modified or expanded versions of problems in the TRAC Standard Test Matrix. A problem description is included for each problem added to the Standard Test Matrix. In this description, the details regarding modifications of the original test problem are included, as well as the observed problem results. This expanded test set will be used to verify that the predicted results for the modernized version of TRAC-M/f90 are null relative to the archival version of TRAC-P/MOD2 (Ver. 5.4.25), the latter being the base version on which work on the modernized code began. The problems described in this document increase the percentage of executable source coding that is activated when the Standard Test Matrix is run from 71% to 83.5%. A brief review of the characteristics of the portions of the source code that are not activated when running the expanded Standard Test Set also is provided. With a few exceptions, the author has concluded that the cost to increase the fraction of coding activated by the Standard Test Set further is high relative to the increased coverage that can be attained. Therefore, the author recommends that this activity be concluded.

Knepper, P.L.

1998-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

17

TRAC analyses for CCTF and SCTF tests and UPTF design/operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2D/3D Program is a multinational (Germany, Japan, and the United States) experimental and analytical nuclear reactor safety research program. The Los Alamos analysis effort is functioning as a vital part of the 2D/3D program. The CCTF and SCTF analyses have demonstrated that TRAC-PF1 can correctly predict multidimensional, nonequilibrium behavior in large-scale facilities prototypical of actual PWR's. Through these and future TRAC analyses the experimental findings can be related from facility to facility, and the results of this research program can be directly related to licensing concerns affecting actual PWR's.

Williams, K.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Development of a Fast Time-Resolved Aerosol Collector (Fast TRAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yu Yu & James Cowin PNNL Fast Time-Resolved Aerosol Collector ......Fast TRAC...... Xiao-Ying Yu, Ali Hashim, Martin Iedema, and James Cowin Atmospheric Sciences, Chemical Sciences Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA Research is supported by NOAA & DOE. *Patent Pending Xiao-Ying Yu & James Cowin PNNL Cloud Microstructures ≤ 1 m Want to know the aerosols at this resolution Aircraft flies at 150 m/s Need time resolution 1 m/150 m/s = 6 ms (!!!!!) Xiao-Ying Yu & James Cowin PNNL What is TRAC? - Time-Resolved Aerosol Collector * Uses an impactor * ~ 600 TEM samples * Flow rate: 1 l/min * Time resolution: ≥ 1 min* * Applications: Off-line analysis: - particle hygroscopicity, morphology, composition.. (6.5 in) 3 , 7 lb, 12 V, 8 W 0% 20% 40% 60%

19

1896a-fro.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the on the Effects of Shear on Fish Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish Field Studies Laboratory Studies Computational Studies United States Department of Energy AHTS Advanced Hydropower Turbine System Advanced Hydropower Turbine System DOE/ID-10822 DOE/ID-10822 Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish: Final Report D. A. Nietzel M. C. Richmond D. D. Dauble R. P. Mueller R. A. Moursund C. S. Abernethy G. R. Guensch Pacific Northwest National Laboratory G. F. Čada Oak Ridge National Laboratory Published September 2000 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office Laboratory Studies of the Effects of Shear on Fish * Page iii Summary The overall objective of our studies was to specify an index describing the hydraulic force that fish

20

TRAC calculations of overcooling transients in PWRs for pressurized thermal-shock analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper briefly describes the overall pressurized thermal shock (PTS) program at Los Alamos with emphasis on TRAC-PF1 calculations of severe overcooling transients in pressurized water reactors (PWRs). Overcooling transients for both the Oconee-1 and Calvert Cliffs-1 nuclear plants have been performed. A summary of results for several calculations are presented for the Oconee-1 PWR along with detailed discussions of two of the most severe overcooling transients predicted (main steam-line break and turbine-bypass valve (TBV) failures). The calculations performed were plant specific in that details of both the primary and secondary sides were modeled in addition to a detailed model of the plant integrated control system (ICS). For the Oconee-1 main steam-line break transient, a minimum downcomer fluid temperature of approx. 405/sup 0/K was predicted. For the transient involving the failure of one bank of TBVs to close after initially opening following reactor and turbine trips, and extrapolated downcomer fluid temperature of approx. 365/sup 0/K was estimated. The latter temperature is at the nil-ductility temperature (NDT) limit (approx. 365/sup 0/K) for Oconee-1.

Ireland, J.R.; Boyack, B.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trac ting fro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

BWR refill-reflood program Task 4. 7: constitutive correlations for shear and heat transfer for the BWR version of TRAC  

SciTech Connect

TRAC (Transient Reactor Analysis Code) is a computer code for best estimate analysis of the thermal hydraulic conditions in a reactor system. The constitutive correlations for shear and heat transfer in the boiling water reactor (BWR) version of TRAC are described. A new model, that accounts for the effect of phase and velocity profiles, has been developed for the interfacial shear and a new set of constitutive correlations are derived. Improvements have been made to the heat transfer in the area of subcooled boiling, boiling transition, and thermal radiation.

Andersen, J.G.M.; Chu, K.H.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Simulation of LOFT anticipated-transient experiments L6-1, L6-2, and L6-3 using TRAC-PF1/MOD1  

SciTech Connect

Anticipated-transient experiments L6-1, L6-2, and L6-3, performed at the Loss-of-fluid Test (LOFT) facility, are analyzed using the latest released version of the Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC-PF1/MOD1). The results are used to assess TRAC-PF1/MOD1 trip and control capabilities, and predictions of thermal-hydraulic phenomena during slow transients. Test L6-1 simulated a loss-of-stream load in a large pressurized-water reactor (PWR), and was initiated by closing the main steam-flow control valve (MSFCV) at its maximum rate, which reduced the heat removal from the secondary-coolant system and increased the primary-coolant system pressure that initiated a reactor scram. Test L6-2 simulated a loss-of-primary coolant flow in a large PWR, and was initiated by tripping the power to the primary-coolant pumps (PCPs) allowing the pumps to coast down. The reduced primary-coolant flow caused a reactor scram. Test L6-3 simulated an excessive-load increase incident in a large PWR, and was initiated by opening the MSFCV at its maximum rate, which increased the heat removal from the secondary-coolant system and decreased the primary-coolant system pressure that initiated a reactor scram. The TRAC calculations accurately predict most test events. The test data and the calculated results for most parameters of interest also agree well.

Sahota, M.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

International Code Assessment and Applications Program: Summary of code assessment studies concerning RELAP5/MOD2, RELAP5/MOD3, and TRAC-B. International Agreement Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Members of the International Code Assessment Program (ICAP) have assessed the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) advanced thermal-hydraulic codes over the past few years in a concerted effort to identify deficiencies, to define user guidelines, and to determine the state of each code. The results of sixty-two code assessment reviews, conducted at INEL, are summarized. Code deficiencies are discussed and user recommended nodalizations investigated during the course of conducting the assessment studies and reviews are listed. All the work that is summarized was done using the RELAP5/MOD2, RELAP5/MOD3, and TRAC-B codes.

Schultz, R.R. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Today, we're reinvenTing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, even disciplinary or "narrow" topics need additional research: 1) alternative fracking technologies, we need: 1) clear distinction between the genuine uncertainties and risks of the fracking and water

Columbia University

25

ARM - Campaign Instrument - trac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) Download Data McClellan AFB, Sacramento, CA, 2010.06.02 - 2010.06.28 Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study...

26

Wei-Ting So () 985402001@cc.ncu.edu.tw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pro- cessing Advances in Wireless Communica- tions, pp. 565-569, July 2008. [8] U. Toseef, M. A. Khan. Islam and A. Z. Kou- zani, "Peak to Average Power Ratio Analysis for LTE Systems," IEEE 2nd. on Wire- less Communication, Vol. 8, pp.2161-2165, May 2009. [6] M. Wang, Z. Zhong and Q. Liu, "Resource

Jiang, Jehn-Ruey

27

Investigation of Catalytic Pathways and Separations fro Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the energy and material consumption for three different lignin conversion pathways has been carried out in order to assess their relative promise. Recommendations to allow for improved performance based on the current state of the art have been made, with particular focus on the use of heterogeneous nanocatalysts. Lignin is currently burned for heat and power in industrial processes, but its aromaticity and high energy content make it a good source for fuels and chemical feedstocks. The conversion of lignin to value added products has been the subject of a number of excellent reviews, and it is upon this literature as well as recent publications that the processes were selected. The analysis includes consideration of the thermodynamics of conversion, the technical feasibility of each process, and the energy and material balance. For each of the processes, improvements to future research activities have been suggested to move the processes from the bench-scale to large-scale demonstrations. This analysis is not meant to be comprehensive, in terms of process, feedstock, or selected criteria. However, this work illustrates a path forward following pre-established goals of thermodynamic efficiency, selectivity, and feasibility.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Gluckstein, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar [ORNL; Sturgeon, Matthew R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Quantum Mechanical Methods for Drug Design Ting Zhou, Danzhi Huang, and Amedeo Caflisch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are expensive to produce should be more honest than those that are cheap (Tinbergen 1953 in Bedini et al.63

Caflisch, Amedeo

29

doi:10.1152/physiol.00028.201127:61-72, 2012.Physiology Ting-Xin Jiang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a broader model that high- lights the importance of the follicle macroenviron- ment on hair follicle stem cell activation. The macroenvironment is defined as factors extrinsic to the hair follicle, including par- tial shedding or moult (44). Thus macroenviron- ments also influence human hair follicles

Chuong, Cheng-Ming

30

Samuel C. Ting, 1975 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

For powerful new experimental techniques that have extended the range of validity quantum electrodynamics, determined the properties of vector mesons, and culminated in the...

31

Vector Color Filter Array Demosaicing Maya R. Gupta and Ting Chen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA ABSTRACT Single-sensor digital, Color Demosaicing, Color Filter Array (CFA), Vector Median 1. INTRODUCTION Usage of digital cameras has provided motivation to improve all elements of the digital photography signal chain. To lower cost

Salvaggio, Carl

32

Cross-Domain Dialogue Act Tagging Nick Webb, Ting Liu, Mark Hepple, Yorick Wilks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the source corpus. Visual inspection of these cues reveals that, as one might expect, there is a high de (DAs) (Bunt, 1994), also known as speech acts or dialogue moves (Power, 1979), rep- resent

33

BridgeGreen : bridging the disconnect between design professionals and resources fro environmentally, socially, and economically responsive architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainable design, whether referred to as green, high performing, responsible, or environmentally, socially, and economically responsive architecture, is influencing the global building industry. Most major firms of ...

Elbaum, Meredith Sue, 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: UtilityTrac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

savings measurement and verification Provides weather analysis reports with normalized energy usage Benchmark and compare similar buildings' usage and costs by square foot and A...

35

FastTracKer TechnicalDesign Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Georgian Academy of Sciences and Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi Germany Physikalisches Institut

36

RadTrac: Portable and Compact Tracking Radioactive Materials  

Hot cell exits where radioactive materials are used, or at nonproliferation sites Defense companies and airport security equipment manufacturers

37

Brandon Cook NSF CI TraCS Fellow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as TITAN at ORNL contain an order of magnitude more CPU cores (~300,000) and also include GPUs. Codes Materials Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (410)310-0026 bln@ornl.gov Publications Lynchburg

Pennycook, Steve

38

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: UtilityTrac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools by Country Australia Austria Belarus Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany India Ireland Israel Italy Japan Netherlands New Zealand...

39

Scheduling in switched queueing networks with heavy-tailed trac  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study scheduling problems arising in switched queueing networks, a class of stochastic systems that are often used to model data communication networks, such as uplinks and downlinks of cellular networks, networks of ...

Markakis, Mihalis G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

The magazine of The Johns hopkins WhiTing school of engineering sUmmer/fall 2008 Real World Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whiting School of Engineering 3400 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218 Phone: (410) 516-6852 Fax: (410" Luanne green, a principal architect with the Baltimore based firm Ayers/Saint/gross, refers to the period was outgrowing its location in downtown Baltimore on Howard and Eutaw streets. The effort took some time

Niebur, Ernst

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trac ting fro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity fro Non-Axisymmetric Magnetic Fields Allows ELM-free, Quiescnt H-mode Operation in DIII-D Under Reactor-relevant Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 56, 358 (2011)53rd American Physical Society Annual Meeting of Division of Plasma Physics Salt Lake City Utah, US, 2011999618937

Burrell, K.H.

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

42

Coatings to Prevent Diffusion of Fission Products into Turbine Materials Used in High Temperature Gas Cooled Nuclear Electric Genera ting Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes EPRI activities relating to turbine blade coatings to prevent diffusion of fission products into turbine materials used in high temperature gas cooled nuclear electric generating stations. Specifically, this report describes activities that have identified candidate coatings and methodologies for evaluating the effectiveness of these coatings.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Direct Marketing When There Are Voluntary Buyers Yi-Ting Lai and Ke Wang Daymond Ling, Hua Shi, and Jason Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Each customer record is associated with a number of individual characteristics (e.g. age, income be the set of decided customers in S, and U be the set of undecided customers in S. |X| denote the number campaigns, M1 and M2, each contact the same number of customers. We illustrate this in Figures 1 and 2

Wang, Ke

44

Intera'ting +it, -roa'tive 0o11unit3 4isp7a3s Nicolas Villar, Albrecht Schmidt, Gerd Kortuem, Hans-Werner Gellersen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing: Reaping the best of both worlds. In O."0E "G Z.: F(&=E T4#$E "( R,-.-?=, !"#$%&,.1 LFTR! [\\\\N

Kortuem, Gerd

45

RadTrac: A System for Detecting, Localizing, and Tracking Radioactive Sources in Real Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detectors / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (Part 1) / Radiation Measurements and Instrumentation

R. Vilim; R. Klann

46

Integration of the TPTPWorld into SigmaKEE Steven Trac1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rights reserved. 6 Accept Drop TarpitServer Response: #12;Passive Defense: Tarpitting 4 Bot CPU Load" · Example: Lad Vampire ­ originally written to attack phishing pages by anti-phishing-fraud 9www by same group, but still in active circulation 9 #12;Lad Vampire in Action 10www.secureworks.comm Page

Sutcliffe, Geoff

47

II8, InGaN/GaN Core-Shell Nanorod Arrays Grown by Selective Area ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Ting-Wei Yeh, Lawrence Stewart, Hyung-Joon Chu, Yen-Ting Lin, ..... Photoelectrode for Water Oxidation and in Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells.

48

Influence of Regional Development Policies and Clean Technology Adoption on Future Air Pollution Exposure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t- ting, and alternative energy production. AgriculturalEmissions e Dairy Alternative energies Scenario 1 No

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

China's post-reform policy implementation gaps and governmental vs. non-governmental fire alarm solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1979 and new local DICs over the following years. Gong, Ting (2008), The Party Discipline Inspection

Hart, Melanie M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

sage-5.13.beta1 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trac #14888: ffelt: fix doctests for 32-bit systems; some clean up; 14888_review. patch Download: Trac #14888: ffelt: fix garbage collection problem...

51

HOPSPACK  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002439WKSTN00 Hybrid Optimization Parallel Search PACKage https://software.sandia.dov/trac/hopspack

52

Optimization Online Digest -- November 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PLANAR HUB LOCATION PROBLEM: A PROBABILISTIC CLUSTERING APPROACH Cem Iyigun ... Ting Kei Pong, Henry Wolkowicz. Stochastic...

53

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin Sockeye surprise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-state lighting -- light-emit- ting diodes (LED) and organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) -- appear to offer

54

Factsheet  

The Tracking Atmospheric Radioactive Contaminants (TRAC) vehicle, a fully-equipped mobile laboratory, to measure trace radioactive

55

EMPASE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002556MLTPL00 EMPaSE: an Extensible Multi-Paradigm Simulation Environment https://software.sandia.gov/trac

56

MEGA  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002444SUPER00 Modular Environment for Graph Research and Analysis with a Persistent http://software.sandia.gov/trac/megraphs

57

ACRO V.2.0  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

001742MLTPL01 Acro (A Common Repository for Optimizers) v. 2.0 https://software.sandia.gov/trac/acro

58

SWQM  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002617MLTPL00 SWQM: Source Water Quality Modeling Software https://software.sandia.gov/trac/canary/downloader/download/category/10

59

IMPROVED TECHNIQUE OF HYDROGEN CONTENT ANALYSIS BY SLOW NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro dertermining the hydrogen content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.).

Rainwater, L.J.; Havens, W.W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

60

Improved Technique of Hydrogen Content Analysis by Slow Neutron Scattering  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro determining the H content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.)

Rainwater, L. J.; Havens, W. W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

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61

3678500_RV10bd_032009_4sprachig_ue:Layout 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Refer to the chapter entitled "Commissioning" in the hea- ting bath instruction manual! ... 8 Fig. 9 D E Page 19. ? Feed the steam pipe in until it stops. ...

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina. Author(s), Li Bao, Ting-an Zhang, Weimin Long, Anh V Nguyen, Guozhi Lv,...

63

Ultrafine Grained Materials III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... Tribological Characterizations of Ultrafine-Grained Alloys Processed by High Pressure Torsion: Nong Gao1; Chuan Ting Wang1; Wood...

64

Integer Solutions to Cutting Stock Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ting Stock Problem (CSP) that can be described as follows: find the most ... two integer linear programming models for the one-dimensional CSP differing in.

65

Physical Layer Characteristics and Techniques for Visible Light Communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as tra?c lights, street lights, and automobile headlights orarea where numerous street lights and advertising boardslighting purposes (e.g. , street light, decoration light,

Cui, Kaiyun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

FAST  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002363MLTPL00 FAST - A Framework for Agile Software Testing v. 2.0 https://software.sandia.gov/trac/fast

67

CANARY-EDS V.4.3  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002119IBMPC01 Characterization and Analysis of Networked Array of Sensors for Event Detection (CANARY-EDS) https:/Isoftware.sandia.gov/trac/canary/

68

XTV users guide  

SciTech Connect

XTV is an X-Windows based Graphical User Interface for viewing results of Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC) calculations. It provides static and animated color mapped visualizations of both thermal-hydraulic and heat conduction components in a TRAC model of a nuclear power plant, as well as both on-screen and hard copy two-dimensional plot capabilities. XTV is the successor to TRAP, the former TRAC postprocessor using the proprietary DISSPLA graphics library. This manual describes Version 2.0, which requires TRAC version 5.4.20 or later for full visualization capabilities.

Dearing, J.F.; Johns, R.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Technology and Safety Assessment Div.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

HOSPITAL ENERGY AUDITS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the performance of the solar heating and/or cooling system.the use of solar energy for heating water, heating space,including solar water hea ting, space heating. and air

Pollack, R. I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Guidelines for Poisson Solvers on Irregular Domains withDirichlet Boundary Conditions Using the Ghost Fluid Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Stefan-type problems, Y.T. Ng H. Chen Computer ScienceGhost Fluid Method Yen Ting Ng Han Chen Chohong Min The research of Y. -T. Ng, H. Chen and F. Gibou was

Ng, Yen Ting; Chen, Han; Min, Chohong; Gibou, Frdric

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Electricity Used by Office Equipment and Network Equipment in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Authors Kawamoto, Kaoru, Jonathan G. Koomey, Bruce Nordman, Richard E. Brown, Mary Ann Piette, Michael K. Ting, and Alan K. Meier Journal Energy-The International Journal Volume...

72

The Center for Cities & Schools: Connecting Research and Policy Agendas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Cities & Schools, please visit www.citiesandschools.org.McKoy and Vincent, Cities and Schools The Centerfor Cities & Schools: C onnec ting R esear ch and P olic y

McKoy, Deborah; Vincent, Jeffrey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Effective Electroslag Remelting of Superalloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Up to 30% can be added to calcium fluoride without raising the mel-ting point. The elec- trical resistance of the CaF2-CaO system is essentially the same as CaF,.

74

MODEL FILE.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sequestering carbon while offset- ting the cost of doing so with revenues from easier oil recov- ery. But the gap between costs and revenues remains too large. April 13 http:...

75

Morning Glories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

here and a taller plant. Both have arrow- shaped leaves and white flowers often tinged or striped with pink. Sprout a plump sweet potato in a jar of water and see what happens...

76

Digestion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina: Li Bao1; Ting- an Zhang2; Weimin Long1; Anh V Nguyen3; Guozhi Lv2; Jia...

77

Plasma gradient controlled injection and postacceleration of high quality electron bunches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and A. Ting, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252288 (1996). C.and S. Hooker, Phys. Plasmas 14, 056708 (2007). C. G. R.and W. P. Leemans, Phys. Plasmas 12, 056709 (2005). C. -T.

Bruhwiler, D.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Burton Richter, Storage Rings, and the J/psi Particle  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

machine to discover a subatomic particle in 1974 which they called psi particle. A team led by Samuel Ting and using the facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory made the...

79

BIG RU N INDIANA LAKESHORE RUN E LUMBER CIT Y WARSAW JOHNST  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

CORN ER S GRU GAN NEBRASKA AR TEMAS MILL R UN DRIF TING TOBY CR EEK RUNVILLE MURRYSVILLE CAT FISH R UN HECKMAN HOLLOW KART HAUS WEST FIELD POT R IDGE PARSONSVILLE RED BRUSH BLU E...

80

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF SOLVENT REFINED COAL TO LIQUID PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Silicides, Phosphides Molten Salts WC, PtZnC; Fe N, Ni N ,priority rating to molten Molten salts have demonstratedcatalyst coal contac- ting. Molten salts have high thermal

Tanner, K.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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81

Essays on Urban Transportation and Transportation Energy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E?ects of Transportation Energy policy on Tra?c Crashes .of international data. Energy Policy, 33(17), 21832190. O?e?ciency standards. Energy Policy, 33(3), 407419. Blincoe,

Kim, Chun Kon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cushman & Wakefields Client Solutions Group presents:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

disposal in Re-TRAC, EPA Waste Wise's free online tool. 3. Make improvements over the Challenge period leveraging the strategies outlined in C&W's Green Practice Policies. 4....

83

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2002 Success Stories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Aluminum Sheet Metal for Automotive Applications (PDF 245 KB) TracGlide(tm) Top-of-Rail Lubrication System (PDF 72 KB) Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy...

84

Nuclear | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARG-US RFID System for Managing High-Risk Materials More Rapid Detection of Strontium in Urine Samples RadTrac: Portable and Compact Tracking of Radioactive Materials Tracking...

85

ZeptoOS // Contact Us  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact Us Project Management The ZeptoOS project makes use of the Trac system. Contact Information Thank you for your interest in this project. We are always looking forward to...

86

Consejos para Ahorrar Gasolina - Planee y Combine Viajes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planee y Combine Viajes Combinar Viajes Combinar viajes puede ahorrarle tiempo y dinero. Varios viajes cortos en los que usted enciende su coche estando este fro, pueden usar el...

87

Iterative Dialogues and Automated Proof  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slind,K. Boulton,R.J. Studies in Logic and Computation In Frontiers of Combining Systems 2 (Proceedings of the Second International Workshop, FroCoS'98, Amsterdam, The Netherlands) pp 317-335 Research Studies Press

Slind, K.; Boulton, R.J.

88

The Relationship between Flux Coefficient and Entrainment Ratio in Density Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors explore the theoretical and empirical relationship between the nonlocal quantities of the entrainment ratio E, the appropriately depth- and time-averaged flux coefficient ?, and the bulk Froude number Fro in density currents. The main ...

Mathew Wells; Claudia Cenedese; C. P. Caulfield

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Field Study of Exhaust Fans for Mitigating Indoor Air Quality Problems: Final Report to Bonneville Power Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

terrain class (1-5)[dflt=3J";TCL 'Input terrain class atsite. IF TCL=0 THEN TCL=3 INPUT "Are you going to use wind data froM the

Grimsrud, David T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment fro

91

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 3 Crude Oil De-gumming and Acid Pre-treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 3 Crude Oil De-gumming and Acid Pre-treatment Processing eChapters Processing Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Crude Oil De-gumming and Acid Pre-treatment fro

92

AOCS/SFA Edible Oils Manual, 2nd EditionChapter 5 Unloading and Storage of Edible Oils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS/SFA Edible Oils Manual, 2nd Edition Chapter 5 Unloading and Storage of Edible Oils Food Science eChapters Food Science & Technology Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 5 Unloading and Storage of Edible Oils fro

93

Soap Manufacturing TechnologyChapter 1 The History of Soaps and Detergents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soap Manufacturing Technology Chapter 1 The History of Soaps and Detergents Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents Press Downloadable pdf of\tChapter 1 The History of Soaps and Detergents fro

94

The Properties of Spent Nuclear Fuel under Waste Disposal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century ... UO2 in the form of a ceramic pellet with a density close to theoretical. ... On discharge fro reactor the pellets have undergone a number of physical and...

95

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 results: 4 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Max Wei [Clear All Filters] 2013 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, J. Greenblatt, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, Christopher M. Jones, James E. McMahon, and Daniel M. Kammen. "Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (2013). 2012 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, and Christopher Yang. California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050., 2012. Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, J. Greenblatt, James E. McMahon, Daniel M. Kammen, Christopher M. Jones, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston et al. California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios

96

Boron injection/dilution capabilities in TRACB/NEM coupled code  

SciTech Connect

The coupled code TRAC-BF1/NEM is a thermal-hydraulic-neutronic code which allows transient simulations considering neutronic 3D and thermal-hydraulic process in multiple channels with one-dimensional geometry. TRAC-BF1 and NEM can be executed either in stand-alone mode, i.e. without coupling, as well as coupled. In stand-alone calculations NEM code is used without coupling and the thermal-hydraulic conditions (fuel temperature, moderator density and boron concentration) and xenon concentration for each node are taken from the SIMULATE3 output files. The NEM's source code has been modified to be able to read these conditions from external files when it is executed without being coupled. The coupling between TRAC-BF1 and NEM follows an integration scheme in which the thermal-hydraulic solution of TRAC-BF1 is sent to NEM to incorporate the feedback effects through the cross sections. TRAC-BF1 solves heat conduction equations inside of the heat structures using the 3D power distribution from NEM. The coupling is carried out through the communication protocol functions of PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine). The present article presents a study which constitutes an advance in the simulation of injection, transport and mix of boron in the reactor, increasing the capabilities of TRAC-BF1/NEM coupled code. This article shows the modifications introduced in the TRAC-BF1/NEM's source code to allow a more realistic simulation of boron injection transients. The qualification of these improvements in both codes is performed simulating a steady state of a generic BWR at nominal power. The results have been compared with SIMULATE3 which is used as a reference to obtain the cross sections through the SIMTAB methodology. (authors)

Jambrina, A.; Barrachina, T.; Miro, R.; Verdu, G. [Inst. for the Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety ISIRYM, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia UPV (Spain)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms Characterization of Rice NADPH Oxidase Genes and Their Expression under Various Environmental Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Plasma membrane NADPH oxidases (Noxs) are key producers of reactive oxygen species under both normal and stress conditions in plants. We demonstrate that at least eleven genes in the genome of rice (Oryza sativa L.) were predicted to encode Nox proteins, including nine genes (OsNox19) that encode typical Noxs and two that encode ancient Nox forms (ferric reduction oxidase 1 and 7, OsFRO1 and OsFRO7). Phylogenetic analysis divided the Noxs from nine plant species into six subfamilies, with rice Nox genes distributed among subfamilies I to V. Gene expression analysis using semi-quantitative RT-PCR and real-time qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of rice Nox genes depends on organs and environmental conditions. Exogenous calcium strongly stimulated the expression of OsNox3, OsNox5, OsNox7, and OsNox8, but depressed the expression of OsFRO1. Drought stress substantially upregulated the expression of OsNox13, OsNox5, OsNox9, and OsFRO1, but downregulated OsNox6. High temperature upregulated OsNox59, but significantly downregulated OsNox13 and OsFRO1. NaCl treatment increased the expression of OsNox2, OsNox8, OsFRO1, and OsFRO7, but decreased that of OsNox1, OsNox3, OsNox5, and OsNox6. These results suggest that the expression profilesInt. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14 9441

Gang-feng Wang; Wen-qiang Li; Wen-yan Li; Guo-li Wu; Cong-yi Zhou; Kun-ming Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplPment au no 8, Tome 39, aotit 1978,page C6-623 ON THE MECHANISM OF THE CURRENT INDUCED TRANSITION S * N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ting cylinder of the radius a carrying the transport current I in the zero applied magnetic field. When current density, B = VH magnetic induction, H - magnetic field intensity. Under the simplifying assumption induction observed is probably due to the flux frozen in 121. When electric current is higher than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

Tree Biomass Estimates on Forest Land in California's North Coast Region1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tree Biomass Estimates on Forest Land in California's North Coast Region1 Tian-Ting Shih2 Tree biomass is one essential component in a forest ecosystem and is getting more attention nowadays due to its sequestration, energy production, and other natural and social resources uses and impacts. A biomass estimator

Standiford, Richard B.

100

Towards Process Models for Disaster Response Dirk Fahland1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Process Models for Disaster Response Dirk Fahland1 and Heiko Woith2 1 Humboldt capture process execution and adaptation. Based on experiences from actual disaster response set- tings, scenarios, Petri nets, disaster response 1 Introduction The fairly general notion of a process

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101

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids , Zhichuan Huang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids Ting Zhu , Zhichuan Huang , Ankur Sharma , Jikui Su § Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst ABSTRACT Renewable energy harvested from nature of renewable energy results in a mismatch between when these sources generate energy and when

Shenoy, Prashant

102

University of Southern California Mork Family  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

remarks 10:10 AM research talks 10:10 AM Hong Seok Choi Polymer-coated silica ultra-high-Q microresonators Tsotsis) 11:40 AM Ting-Wei Yeh GaN nanorod arrays for efficient LEDs grown by selective area growth (with Graduate student posters Jingran Ma Real-time model predictive control for energy and demand optimization

Southern California, University of

103

On the Effects of Haptic Display in Brush and Ink Simulation for Chinese Painting and Calligraphy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jeng-sheng Yeh jsyeh@cmlab.csie.ntu.edu.tw Ting-yu Lien andie@cmlab.csie.ntu.edu.tw Ming Ouhyoung ming to construct a 3D brush. Then we simulate the ink-water transfer system for ink spreading and color blending plus a paper model, and a model for ink and water transfer. With force feedback, a user experiences

Ouhyoung, Ming

104

Supplementary Information Single-molecule nanocatalysis reveals heterogeneous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and catalytic dynamics Weilin Xu, Jason S. Kong, Yun-Ting E. Yeh, Peng Chen Department of Chemistry and Chemical.2 water-immersion objective (UPLSAPO60XW, Olympus), filtered by two filters (HQ550LP, HQ580m60 positively charged in water. 100 L of 1 nM colloidal Au- nanoparticle solution was then added onto the slide

Chen, Peng

105

Students experiment in simulated space-flight conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TiNg BoNE LoSS FELLowShip wiNNERS Four geology graduate students win prestigious NASA Fellowships S o u r Geology graduate students awarded prestigious NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowships [9] Detecting Bone Loss NASA-funded research at ASU looks to isotope analysis rather than X-ray for measurement My

Shumway, John

106

The Department of Geology at Wayne State University is located in a urban environmental set-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Department of Geology at Wayne State University is located in a urban environmental set- ting-time faculty and four part-time instructors. Faculty include: Drs. Mark Baskaran (Isotope Geo- chemistry), Jeff Howard (Sedimentology), Larry Lemke (Hydrogeology), Ed van Hees (Economic Geology), and Sarah Brownlee

Cinabro, David

107

Neutronic Study of Slightly Modified Water Reactors and Application to Transition Scenarios Richard Chambon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the new generation (GenIV) of nuclear reactors, currently under development, has to face. These reactors conver- ting or full breeding cycles with technologies such as Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs) or Molten viability of this kind of reactor and to meet current licensing standards, before detailed sa- fety studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid Ting Zhu Sheng and wind turbines on every house sharing renewable energy among houses. How to efficiently and optimally share energy is a challenging problem. In order to efficiently share renewable energy, routing protocols

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

109

DIMACS Technical Report 200318 IPSOFACTO: A Visual Correlation Tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network Tra#c Data by Flip Korn AT&T Labs­Research Florham Park, NJ 02932 flip@research.att.com S at AT&T Labs. DIMACS is a partnership of Rutgers University, Princeton University, AT&T Labs

110

DIMACS Technical Report 200319 Checks and Balances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Network Tra#c Databases by Flip Korn AT&T Labs­Research Florham Park, NJ 02932 flip@research.att.com S visitor at AT&T Labs. DIMACS is a partnership of Rutgers University, Princeton University, AT&T Labs

111

Research Committee : 23rd November 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eligible project costs (eligible project costs exclude University TRAC overheads). Whilst each project programme only, a limited amount of overhead (capped at 25% of total project costs). As such, funded projects rarely make any contribution to School costs or overheads. Therefore, if a bid is successful

Sussex, University of

112

Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

along the Southern Wasatch, Fish Springs, and House Ranges Wah Wah Range, Beaver County, Utah .................. Richard F. Wheeler Publications and Maps. Ccntrdl W d h Wdh Range. R e a ~ e r('ount~.1itah Ah\\trac r Inr~odurtlon #12

Seamons, Kent E.

113

397.ps - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I ?(x) = {RQ G IR nTS n s.t.UQ = VW1YX (x),`V GaG ) (21 (x))} ...... to t h e end o f testing, in t h e b ac k trac k ing strateg y , a merit f unction wh ic h e xh i b its.

114

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Fossil Fuels --  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Carleton, Karen L. (Karen L. Carleton) - Department of Biology, University of Maryland at College Park Carson, William Michael (William Michael Carson) - Center for Biophysical Sciences and Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham Chandonia, John-Marc (John-Marc Chandonia) - Structural Genomics Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Chee, Peng W. (Peng W. Chee) - Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia Chen, Brian Y. (Brian Y. Chen) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Lehigh University Chen, Ting (Ting Chen) - Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California Chen, Wilfred (Wilfred Chen) - Department of Chemical and

115

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 results: 6 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Daniel M. Kammen [Clear All Filters] 2013 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, J. Greenblatt, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, Christopher M. Jones, James E. McMahon, and Daniel M. Kammen. "Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (2013). 2012 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, J. Greenblatt, James E. McMahon, Daniel M. Kammen, Christopher M. Jones, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston et al. California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050., 2012. 2011 Edenhofer, Ottmar, Ramon Pichs-Madruga, Youba Sokona, Kristin Seyboth, Dan

116

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 results: 5 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Kaoru Kawamoto [Clear All Filters] 2002 Kawamoto, Kaoru, Jonathan G. Koomey, Bruce Nordman, Richard E. Brown, Mary Ann Piette, Michael K. Ting, and Alan K. Meier. "Electricity Used by Office Equipment and Network Equipment in the U.S." Energy-The International Journal 27 (2002): 255-269. 2001 Kawamoto, Kaoru, Jonathan G. Koomey, Michael K. Ting, Bruce Nordman, Richard E. Brown, Mary Ann Piette, and Alan K. Meier. Electricity Used by Office Equipment and Network Equipment in the U.S.: Detailed Report and Appendices. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2001. 2000 Kawamoto, Kaoru, Jonathan G. Koomey, Bruce Nordman, Richard E. Brown, Mary Ann Piette, and Alan K. Meier. "Electricity Used by Office Equipment and

117

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

80 results: 80 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is James E. McMahon [Clear All Filters] 2013 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, J. Greenblatt, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, Christopher M. Jones, James E. McMahon, and Daniel M. Kammen. "Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (2013). 2012 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, J. Greenblatt, James E. McMahon, Daniel M. Kammen, Christopher M. Jones, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston et al. California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050., 2012. McNeil, Michael A., Jing Ke, Stephane Rue de la du Can, Virginie E.

118

Field Testing of Activated Carbon Injection Options for Mercury Control at TXU's Big Brown Station  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field TesTing oF AcTivATed cArbon Field TesTing oF AcTivATed cArbon injecTion opTions For Mercury conTrol AT TXu's big brown sTATion Background The 2005 Clean Air Mercury Rule will require significant reductions in mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants. Lignite coal is unique because of its highly variable ash content (rich in alkali and alkaline-earth elements), high moisture levels, low chlorine content, and high calcium content. Unique to Texas lignite coals are relatively high iron and selenium concentrations. When combusting Texas lignite coals, up to 80 percent of the mercury in the flue gas is present as elemental mercury, which is not readily captured by downstream pollution control devices. To better understand the factors that influence mercury control at units firing

119

GLOBAL PUBLIC POLICY 2011-2012 concentration information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5721 Energy and Environmental Policy (3cr) Other PA 5890 courses may also be available to fulfill for U.S. & Third World PA 5721 Energy and Environmental Policy AGRO 5321 Ecology of Agricultural Systems for a longer list of courses) PA 5821 Humanitarianism FRO 8554 Gender, Race, Nation, and Policy; Perspectives

Levinson, David M.

120

www.ethz.ch Dear reader  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy economy. With the necessary reduction in overall energy consumption, the demand for electricity in electrical energy technology, with the aim of gaining wider knowledge on high voltage net- works and energy emissions in electricity generation by 2050. Info: www.esc.ethz.ch #12;ElEkTRoTECHNoloGIE IN SHoRT FRESH FRo

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121

Building Energy Efficiency in China - Status, Trends, Targets, and Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well accepted that the reduction of building energy consumption is one of the most effective actions fro reducing the emission of CO2 and for protection of energy resources world wide. Understanding and comparing the real building energy consumptions world wide will be a very useful way to reach the final goal.

Xia, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for Hydrogen/Mixed Gas Service Retrofitting Existing NG Pipelines fro Hydrogen/Hythane Service New Pipeline Installation and ROW Lower South Carolina Electric and Gas University of South Carolina Praxair Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group

123

Bearing design for flywheel energy storage using high-TC superconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature superconductor material bearing system (38) This system (38) includes a rotor (50) having a ring permanent magnet (60), a plurality of permanent magnets (16, 20 and 70) for interacting to generate levitation forces for the system (38). This group of magnets are a push/pull bearing (75). A high temperature superconductor structure (30) interacts with the ting permanent magnet (60) to provide stabilizing forces for the system (38).

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Mulcahy, Thomas M. (Western Springs, IL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

"Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses "Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses "Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses May 24, 2012 - 2:01pm Addthis Green Launching Pad 2.0 awards ceremony with Secretary Chu, Gov. John Lynch, and UNH President Mark Huddleston held at EnerTrac, Inc., in Hudson, NH. | Courtesy of University of New Hampshire Photographic Services Green Launching Pad 2.0 awards ceremony with Secretary Chu, Gov. John Lynch, and UNH President Mark Huddleston held at EnerTrac, Inc., in Hudson, NH. | Courtesy of University of New Hampshire Photographic Services Julie McAlpin Communications Liaison, State Energy Program What does this mean for me? The Energy Department continues to invest in the small businesses that make up the backbone of our economy.

125

activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

126

Two-phase jet loads. [PWR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two-phase jets are currently being studied to improve engineering models for the prediction of loads on pipes and structures during LOCAs. Multi-dimensional computer codes such as BEACON/MOD2, CSQ, and TRAC-P1A are being employed to predict flow characteristics and flow-structure loading. Our ultimate goal is to develop a new approximate engineering model which is superior to the F.J. Moody design model. Computer results are compared with data obtained from foreign sources, and a technique for using the TRAC-P1A vessel component as a containment model is presented. In general, good agreement with the data is obtained for saturated stagnation conditions; however, difficulties are encountered for subcooled stagnation conditions, possibly due to nucleation delay and non-equilibrium effects.

Tomasko, D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Combustion modeling in waste tanks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper has two objectives. The first one is to repeat previous simulations of release and combustion of flammable gases in tank SY-101 at the Hanford reservation with the recently developed code GASFLOW-II. The GASFLOW-II results are compared with the results obtained with the HMS/TRAC code and show good agreement, especially for non-combustion cases. For combustion GASFLOW-II predicts a steeper pressure rise than HMS/TRAC. The second objective is to describe a so-called induction parameter model which was developed and implemented into GASFLOW-II and reassess previous calculations of Bureau of Mines experiments for hydrogen-air combustion. The pressure time history improves compared with the one-step model, and the time rate of pressure change is much closer to the experimental data.

Mueller, C.; Unal, C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Travis, J.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)]|[Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Reaktorsicherheit

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Mercury Oxidation Behavior of a New Advanced Selective Catalytic Reduction Catalyst Formulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industry data have indicated that along with NOx reduction, selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology has the potential for oxidizing mercury, providing enhanced removal in downstream systems. In recent years there has been an incentive to develop SCR catalyst formulations that maximize mercury oxidation while retaining their deNOx and SO2 conversion properties. The subject test program sought to evaluate the mercury oxidation performance of Hitachis new Triple Action Catalyst (TRAC) as a function o...

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

129

Characteristics of Natural Gas Trading and Exchanges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interest in energy trading grew exponentially during 2008 with numerous U.S. Congressional hearings on the influence of speculation on oil prices. Natural gas is an extremely important fuel in the electric industry, accounting for 54% of annual fuel expenses and frequently driving power prices. In a very timely report, this study examines the phenomenon of natural gas trading, which has experienced rapid growth across a wide range of markets. As best as can be gleaned from existing data, this report trac...

2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

The Structure and Tra c Flow Anatomy of the Planet-Scale Urban Vehicular Mobility  

SciTech Connect

A data-driven realistic design and evalua- tion of vehicular mobility has been particularly chal- lenging due to a lack of large-scale real-world mea- surements in the research community. Current research methodologies rely on articial scenarios, random con- nectivity, and use small and biased samples. In this pa- per, we perform a combined study to learn the struc- ture and connectivity of urban streets and modeling and characterization of vehicular trac densities on them. Our dataset is a collection of more than 222 thousand routes and 25 million vehicular mobility images from 1091 online web cameras located in six dierent re- gions of the world. Our results centered around four major observations: i. study shows that driving routes and visiting locations of regions demonstrate power-law distribution, indicating a planned or recently designed road infrastructure; ii. we represent regions by network graphs in which nodes are camera locations and edges are urban streets that connect the nodes. Such represen- tation exhibits small world properties with short path lengths and large clustering coecient; iii. trac densi- ties show 80% temporal correlation during several hours of a day; iv. modeling trac densities against known theoretical distributions show less than 5% deviation for heavy-trailed models such as log-logistic and log- gamma distributions. We believe this work will provide a much-needed contribution to the research community for design and evaluation of future vehicular networks and smart cities.

Thakur, Gautam [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23 3 9 10:39 FRO DOE-IPC-CHICAGO TO PGCP-HQ PfGE.002 23 3 9 10:39 FRO DOE-IPC-CHICAGO TO PGCP-HQ PfGE.002 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO: DE-AC02-92CE40960; W(A)-93-004; CH-0755 Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), a wholly owned subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions of its employees under this contract. In response to an RFP, Solar was awarded a letter contract on September 25, 1992. It is anticipated that the letter contract will be definitized by the end of March 1993. Solar's obligation to continue performance under the contract is contingent upon DOE granting a waiver of rights to subject inventions in

132

Quadrennial  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 RepoRt on the FiRst Quadrennial Technology review QTr Message froM the secretary of energy | i QUaDrennIaL technoLogy reVIeW 2011 Message froM the secretary of energy Steven Chu, Secretary of the United States Department of Energy today, our nation is at a cross road. While we have the world's greatest innovation ma- chine, countries around the world are moving aggressively to lead in the clean energy economy. We can either lead in the development of the clean energy economy or we can stand back and wait for others to move first toward a sustainable energy future. for the sake of our economic prosperity and our national security, we must lead. the Department of energy (Doe) plays a central role in that effort by unleashing technologi-

133

Gross Alpha and Gross Beta Measurements in Coal Combustion Product Leachate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this report was to provide information to help interpret gross alpha and gross beta concentrations in coal combustion product (CCP) leachate. This objective was accomplished by chemically characterizing 15 field leachate samples that were collected at three CCP management facilities. The leachate samples were analyzed for gross alpha and gross beta concentrations and for the potential individual alpha and beta emitters in solution. Gross alpha concentrations at the three sites ranged fro...

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

134

La Liste Des Tantras Du rNying Ma'i Rgyud 'bum Selon L'edition Et Ablie Par Kun Mkhyen 'Jigs Med Gling Pa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gro bai rgyud lnga) qui sontcommuns lAnuyoga24 et dont la liste concerne les nos. 229, 224, 169, 166 etun Ri bo brtsegs pai rgyud qui est non-identifi dans la liste de Jigs med glingpa),xvi. le Recueillement Concentr (Ting dzin rtse gcig, non... on pourrait leur en trouver une, ainsi quon la fait dans cette prsentation. Il faudrait galement appliquer ce schma celui des clas- sification complexes du Klong sde en Abme blanc (klong dkar po), noir (klong nag po), diapr (klong khra bo) et infini...

Achard, Jean-Luc

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Le Reseau des mille dieux et demons : mythes et classifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, listes de huit, dans un ordre diffrent : lha, bdud, btsan, rgyal po, gnod sbyin, ma mo, the'u rang, klu). Par ailleurs, d'autres classes sont rpertories : hybride comme les klu btsan, sous-classes comme les ya bdud et les ma bdud, sp- cifiques... pour celle de gTing skyes par Khyentse Rinpoche, T pour celle de mTshams brag dont deux versions seront examines ici : celle en 53 chapitres (T53) et celle en 86 chapitres (T86). En fait, les versions "en 53 chapitres" en contiennent 54 car elles...

Blondeau, Anne-Marie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Sherpa Buddhists on a Regional Pilgrimage: The Case of Maritika Cave at Halase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and very complex social organization. Itmust be mentioned in !hiscontex!, however,!ha!, unlike !hose holy sites in remote areas connected wi!h mountain peaks and glacier lakes regarded as !he seat as well as the physical representation of !he regional prole... and watching their fellow pilgrims handling this seemingly unknown and dangerous crossing by boat the usual way of laughing and merry UlIlcing became tinged with a slight nervous overtone. For the duration of this undertaking especially old people both men...

Berg, Eberhard

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Modeling Safety Case Evolution - Examples from the Air Traffic Management Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order realistically and cost-e#ectively to realize the ATM (Air Tra#c Management) 2000+ Strategy, systems from di#erent suppliers will be interconnected to form a complete functional and operational environment, covering ground segments and aerospace. Industry will be involved as early as possible in the lifecycle of ATM projects. EUROCONTROL manages the processes that involve the definition and validation of new ATM solutions using Industry capabilities (e.g., SMEs). In practice, safety analyses adapt and reuse system design models (produced by third parties). Technical, organisational and cost-related reasons often determine this choice, although design models are unfit for safety analysis.

Massimo Felici

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Nuclear reactor safety. Progress report, January 1-March 31, 1982  

SciTech Connect

The work that is highlighted here represents accomplishments for the period January 1-March 31, 1982 by the groups at Los Alamos involved in reactor safety research for the Division of Accident Evaluation, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Presented are brief overviews compiled by project, along with a bibliography of Technical Notes and publications written during this quarter. Information is presented concerning the TRAC code development; thermal-hydraulic analysis for PWR after ECCS operation; failure criteria for graphites used in HTGR type reactors; upper structure dynamics experiments; CRBR loss-of-flow accident analysis; and LWR severe accident analysis.

Stevenson, M.G. (comp.)

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Yard Tractor: Performance Characterization Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diesel-powered tractors, called yard tractors, are used to shuttle cargo trailers from point to point within the confines of a port facility, terminal, or yard. A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) yard tractor design was proposed as a way to reduce operation emissions and diesel fuel use. In 2007, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) began work on the design and construction of a first-of-a-kind PHEV yard tractor. In 2009, Southern California Edison (SCE) tested the completed PHEV yard trac...

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

140

Matching grant program for university nuclear engineering education  

SciTech Connect

The grant augmented funds from Westinghouse Electric Co. to enhance the Nuclear Engineering program at KSU. The program was designed to provide educational opportunities and to train engineers for careers in the nuclear industry. It provided funding and access to Westinghouse proprietary design codes for graduate and undergraduate studies on topics of current industrial importance. Students had the opportunity to use some of the most advanced nuclear design tools in the industry and to work on actual design problems. The WCOBRA/TRAC code was used to simulate loss of coolant accidents (LOCAs).

Bajorek, Stephen M.

2002-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trac ting fro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Lick AGN Monitoring Project: Reverberation Mapping of Optical Hydrogen and Helium Recombination Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently completed a 64-night spectroscopic monitoring campaign at the Lick Observatory 3-m Shane telescope with the aim of measuring the masses of the black holes in 12 nearby (z light curves for the Halpha, Hgamma, HeII 4686, and HeI 5876 emission lines and the time lags for the emission-line responses relative to changes in the continuum flux. Combining each emission-line time lag with the measured width of the line in the variable part of the spectrum, we determine a virial mass of the central supermassive black hole fro...

Bentz, Misty C; Barth, Aaron J; Yoshii, Yuzuru; Woo, Jong-Hak; Wang, Xiaofeng; Treu, Tommaso; Thornton, Carol E; Street, Rachel A; Steele, Thea N; Silverman, Jeffrey M; Serduke, Frank J D; Sakata, Yu; Minezaki, Takeo; Malkan, Matthew A; Li, Weidong; Lee, Nicholas; Hiner, Kyle D; Hidas, Marton G; Greene, Jenny E; Gates, Elinor L; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Filippenko, Alexei V; Canalizo, Gabriela; Bennert, Vardha Nicola; Baliber, Nairn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Newsfront 5-11 March 2007, Issue 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to do in the past. Ne ws fro nt Bh asw or Ojha Deputy Prime Minister Oli 35 Mar-11 Mar, 2007E n vironme nt After the success of the first 'organic restaurant' set up for endangered vultures, Nepali ornithologist Dr. Hem Sagar Baral and his collesgues... are all set to expand their venture. The team started its first endeavor in Kawasoti, Nawalparasi district. Run with the support from the local community, the 'restaurant' serves its customers toxin-free meals. In its kitchen that is 520 square meters...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

143

Newsfront 3-9 December 2007, Issue 43  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kathmandu l 3-9 Dec, 2007 l # 43 l Price Rs. 25 www.newsfront.com.np He ma nta G uru ng nf correspondent Nepal army is believed to have lodged a protest informally with the United States for having given visa to Prabhakar, Deputy leader... electoral atmosphere wil l not be estab- lished without all that happening. ne ws fro nt 3-9 Dec, 20076 Debating Development Manish Gautam Rita (name changed), 25, is a mother of a five year old child. Both the mother and the child are infected with HIV...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

144

V  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. 1.1 I . COO-30.72-25 11 t 1 Hadronic Form Factors in Asymptotically Free Field Theories David J. Gross and S.B. Treiman Joseph Henry Labor atorie s of Physics -NOTICE- Pri nce ton Uni ver sit y 1 1 This repor t was prep ared as an acco unt of work 1 Pri nce ton , New Jer sey 1 spons ored by the Unite d State s Gove rnme nt. Neith er 1 1 the Un ited Sta tes nor the Un ited Sta tes Ato mic Ene rgy I 08 54 0 1 j Comm issi on, nor any of thei r empl oyee s, nor any of I the ir con trac tors , sub con trac tors , or the ir em plo yee s, 111 »tti' R'111 wou ld not infr inge priv ate ly own ed righ ts. 1 - .3 ABSTRACT The breakdown of Bjorken scaling in asymptotically free gauge theories of the strong interactions is explored for its implications on the large q2 behavior of nucleon form factors.

145

Spent fuel pool analysis using TRACE code  

SciTech Connect

The storage requirements of Spent Fuel Pools have been analyzed with the purpose to increase their rack capacities. In the past, the thermal limits have been mainly evaluated with conservative codes developed for this purpose, although some works can be found in which a best estimate code is used. The use of best estimate codes is interesting as they provide more realistic calculations and they have the capability of analyzing a wide range of transients that could affect the Spent Fuel Pool. Two of the most representative thermal-hydraulic codes are RELAP-5 and TRAC. Nowadays, TRACE code is being developed to make use of the more favorable characteristics of RELAP-5 and TRAC codes. Among the components coded in TRACE that can be used to construct the model, it is interesting to use the VESSEL component, which has the capacity of reproducing three dimensional phenomena. In this work, a thermal-hydraulic model of the Maine Yankee spent fuel pool using the TRACE code is developed. Such model has been used to perform a licensing calculation and the results obtained have been compared with experimental measurements made at the pool, showing a good agreement between the calculations predicted by TRACE and the experimental data. (authors)

Sanchez-Saez, F.; Carlos, S.; Villanueva, J. F.; Martorell, S. [Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Universitat Politenica de Valencia, Cami de Vera s/n, 46021, Valencia (Spain)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Bayesian multivariate spatial models and their applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Univariate hierarchical Bayes models are being vigorously researched for use in disease mapping, engineering, geology, and ecology. This dissertation shows how the models can also be used to build modelbased risk maps for areabased roadway tra?c crashes. Countylevel vehicle crash records and roadway data from Texas are used to illustrate the method. A potential extension that uses univariate hierarchical models to develop networkbased risk maps is also discussed. Several Bayesian multivariate spatial models for estimating the tra?c crash rates from di?erent types of crashes simultaneously are then developed. The speci?c class of spatial models considered is conditional autoregressive (CAR) model. The univariate CAR model is generalized for several multivariate cases. A general theorem for each case is provided to ensure that the posterior distribution is proper under improper and ?at prior. The performance of various multivariate spatial models is compared using a Bayesian information criterion. The Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) computational techniques are used for the model parameter estimation and statistical inference. These models are illustrated and compared again with the Texas crash data. There are many directions in which this study can be extended. This dissertation concludes with a short summary of this research and recommends several promising extensions.

Song, Joon Jin

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

ALSNews Vol. 337  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Print 7 Print Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films A team of UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a relatively easy, inexpensive, and scalable technique to direct the self--assembly of gold nanoparticles into device-ready thin films, which have potential applications in fields ranging from energy harvesting to plasmonics. Read more... Contact: TIng Xu Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Topological insulators are highly promising materials for electronic applications, displaying startling electronic properties and providing a possible medium for observing still-theoretical particles relevant to quantum computing. Two recent studies at the ALS bolster prospects for the practical application of these materials in advanced devices. Read more...

148

ARM - Datastreams - swacrvpt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsswacrvpt Datastreamsswacrvpt Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025297 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : SWACRVPT S-WACR Vertical PoinTing scan Active Dates 2009.10.05 - 2011.04.25 Measurement Categories Cloud Properties Originating Instrument W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar, mounted to scan (SWACR) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Current pedestal azimuth position relative to North degrees Azimuth_current ( time ) Rate of pedestal motion in the azimuth degrees/sec Azimuth_scan_rate ( time ) Current pedestal elevation position degrees Elevation_current ( time )

149

ALSNews Vol. 337  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Print 7 Print Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films A team of UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a relatively easy, inexpensive, and scalable technique to direct the self--assembly of gold nanoparticles into device-ready thin films, which have potential applications in fields ranging from energy harvesting to plasmonics. Read more... Contact: TIng Xu Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Topological insulators are highly promising materials for electronic applications, displaying startling electronic properties and providing a possible medium for observing still-theoretical particles relevant to quantum computing. Two recent studies at the ALS bolster prospects for the practical application of these materials in advanced devices. Read more...

150

Final FY 2009 NEUP RD Awards (2).xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Year 2009 Nuclear Energy University Program Research and Development Awards Year 2009 Nuclear Energy University Program Research and Development Awards # Project # Initiative Title Organization PI Collaborators Estimated University Funding* 1 09-269 AFCI Fundamental Understanding of Ambient and High-Temperature Plasticity Phenomena in Structural Materials in Advanced Reactors Georgia Institute of Technology Deo, Chaitanya * McDowell, David - Georgia Institute of Technology * Zhu, Ting - Georgia Institute of Technology $489,488 2 09-475 AFCI Advanced Elastic/Inelastic Nuclear Data Development Project Idaho State University Wells, Douglas * Chowdhury, Partha - University of Massachusetts, Lowell * Greife, Uwe - Colorado School of Mines * Hicks, Sally Fisher - University of Dallas * Hill, Tony - Los Alamos National Laboratory * Kawano, Toshihiko - Los Alamos

151

Microsoft Word - 2006FactSR108.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 - An Advanced Diagnostic and Prognostic System for Gas Turbine Generator Set 8 - An Advanced Diagnostic and Prognostic System for Gas Turbine Generator Set with Experimental Validation FACT SHEET I. PROJECT PARTICIPANTS Primary Partner: Clemson University Contact Points: John R. Wagner, Ph.D., P.E., Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering 212 Engineering Innovation Building, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 Phone: (864) 656-7376, Fax: (864) 656-4435, jwagner@clemson.edu J. Leo Gaddis, Ph.D., Professor of Mechanical Engineering 221 Engineering Innovation Building, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 Phone: (864) 656-3294, Fax: (864) 656-4435, leo.gaddis@ces.clemson.edu Ting Wang, Ph. D., Jack and Reba Matthey Professor and Director of Energy Conversion and Conservation Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of New Orleans, New Orleans,

152

James McMahon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E. McMahon E. McMahon James McMahon 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2002C (510) 520-8026 JEMcMahon@lbl.gov This publications database is an ongoing project, and not all Division publications are represented here yet. Publications 2013 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, J. Greenblatt, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, Christopher M. Jones, James E. McMahon, and Daniel M. Kammen. "Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (2013). 2012 Taylor, Margaret, Sydny K. Fujita, Larry L. Dale, and James E. McMahon. "An Exploration of Innovation and Energy Efficiency in an Appliance Industry." In European Council for an Energy Efficiency Economy. Lawrence Berkeley

153

Summary - ASCEM Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASCEM EM is ground world. passiv at DOE Advan Manag state-o unders transp ASCE predict identify calcula quantif The re docum Implem inform The pr and st time of condu review The pu techni projec Site: A roject: E Report Date: S ited States Peer R Why DOE M Model Diagram faced with one dwater and soi A major goal ve remediation E sites. To aid nced Simulation gement (ASCE of-the-art scien standing and p port in natural a M modeling too ting releases fr ying exposure ations, and con fication. eview team was ment: ASCEM F mentation Plan ation provided rimary objective rategic develop f the review the ct a detailed te w will be schedu To view the full E http://www.em.doe. urpose of an Externa ical risk associated w ct decisions. Technic All Sites Environmenta September 20 Departmen Review o Environ E-EM Did This

154

ARM - Instrument - swacr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsswacr govInstrumentsswacr Documentation SWACR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SWACR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar, mounted to scan (SWACR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Output Datastreams swacrblrhi : S-WACR Boundary-layer Range-Height Indicator scan swacrcal : S-WACR calibration information swacrcwrhi : S-WACR Cross-Wind Range-Height Indicator scan swacrfpt : S-WACR - Fixed PoinTing mode swacrhsrhi : S-WACR Horizon-to-horizon Range-Height Indicator scan swacrppi : S-WACR Plan Position Indicator scan swacrspeccmaskcopol : S-WACR ARM Cloud Radar, filtered spectral

155

MEMORANDUM F O  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0,2004 0,2004 MEMORANDUM F O ~ ~ F I E L D CHIEFjFfNANFIAL - OFFICERS n FROM: TING DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT, BUDGET T N D EVALUATIONIACTING CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER SUBJECT: Implementing the Business Process Change for Inter-Entity Work On April 16, 2004, the Director, Office of Financial Policy, issued a revised draft of Chapter 12 of the DOE Accounting Handbook and requested your comments by May 14,2004. The proposed changes to Chapter 12 are necessary for our implementation of Oracle Public Sector Financials on October 1, 2004. We are currently reviewing the comments received and will address them as the new policy is finalized and issued. Even as we are pursuing a revised policy, it is apparent there is not any viable alternative but to follow the general approach for Interoffice Work Orders (IWOs) and Memorandum Purchase

156

ARM - Datastreams - xsaprvpt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsxsaprvpt Datastreamsxsaprvpt Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025329 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : XSAPRVPT X-SAPR Vertical PoinTing scan Active Dates 2011.04.23 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Cloud Properties Originating Instrument X-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (XSAPR) Measurements The measurements below provided by this product are those considered scientifically relevant. Measurement Variable Radar polarization copol_coeff Radar polarization diff_phase Radar polarization diff_reflectivity Radar polarization diff_reflectivity_corr Radar Doppler doppler_spectral_width Radar polarization dp_phase_shift

157

WJLP-~  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WJLP-~ WJLP-~ . '- 'TX FKcrr \~+$g&&- Lx.3 M NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO Juae 24, 1953 Contract Na. AT(X)-l)-1156 ML 18 e 2 - 0 -. ; *.-la r;o7 Project lOumber 41-2 Estimated Manpower Required (Man Months) A. Technical 1 Starting Date 4nr-11 1 B. Non-Technical" 7QL Estimated Completion Ikte July 31, q;, Estimated Total Cost &.&&I - 00 . (A) g; Serlarfea and Uagea Analytfcal (It) Indfrect Costs . I . (D) MatePfsPs and Open-sting Supplies $&QQ. (F) Overhead (0) Contingency $4, p10,00* ,.' Additional Equipment Required % ?c;O.OO Signed Pelf* Approved Cd j&T&: T/g , Estimated Savings to be Effected $0.148 per 31~ (Reference: NLO 16633) Wethod of Bepox-ting Weeklv Status ReDort and formal report upon comple- t+on,

158

Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar-reflective roofs remain cooler than absorptive roofs and thus conserve electricity otherwise needed for air conditioning. A currently controversial aspect of solar-reflective cool roofing is the extent to which an initially high solar reflectance decreases with time. We present experimental data on the spectral absorption of deposits that accumulate on roofs, and we attribute most of the absorption to carbon soot originally produced by combustion. The deposits absorb more at short wavelengths (e.g., in the blue) than in the red and infrared, imparting a slightly yellow tinge to formerly white surfaces. The initial rate of reflectance reduction by soot accumulation is consistent with known emission rates that are due to combustion. The long-term reflectance change appears to be determined by the ability of the soot to adhere to the roof, resisting washout by rain.

Berdahl, Paul; Akbari, Hashem; Rose, Leanna S.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Microsoft Word - GalAKmanuscript for JBC re-submission052509.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identification of galacturonic acid-1-P kinase: a new member of the GHMP kinase super family in Identification of galacturonic acid-1-P kinase: a new member of the GHMP kinase super family in plants and comparison with galactose-1-P kinase Ting Yang 1 , Liron Bar-Peled 2 , Lindsay Gebhart, Sung G Lee, and Maor Bar-Peled 1, 3 1 Dept. of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC), and Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 2 Current address: Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA 3 Address correspondences to: Maor Bar-Peled, CCRC 315 Riverbend Rd., Athens, GA 30602 Fax: 706-542-4412; Email: peled@ccrc.uga.edu The process of salvaging sugars released from extracellular matrix, during plant cell growth and development is not well understood, and many molecular components remain to be

160

ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose Name Project Role Affiliation University Project Title Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Liu, Xingbo PI WVU Chen, Ting Graduate Student WVU Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Xing, Dazun Post Doc Pitt Baled, Hseen Grad Student Pitt Anderson, Brian PI WVU Velaga, Srinath Grad Student WVU Equation of State Model Assessment and development Evaluate Heavy Oil Viscosity Standard Quantifying complex fluid- phase properties at high pressure/high temperature (HTHP) Experimental and numerical evaluation of key metal-based failures Plume Modeling for High- pressure Water Tunnel Facility Name Title Affiliation Rose, Kelly Geologist

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161

1970's | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

's 's The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award Lawrence Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates 2000's 1990's 1980's 1970's 1960's Ceremony The Life of Ernest Orlando Lawrence Contact Information The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-9395 E: lawrence.award@science.doe.gov Award Laureates 1970's Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page 1977 James D. Bjorken John L. Emmett F. William Studier Gareth Thomas Dean A. Waters 1976 A. Philip Bray James W. Cronin Kaye D. Lathrop Adolphus L. Lotts Edwin D. McClanahan 1975 Evan H. Appelman Charles E. Elderkin William A. Lokke Burton Richter Samuel C. Ting 1974 Joseph Cerny Harold Paul Fourth Henry C. Honeck

162

DOEEA-1177 Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Environmental Assessment SalvageDemolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area and 300 Area Steam Plants, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington U.S. Department of Energy Richland, Washington October 1996 DOE/EA-1177 ENVIR0NMEN"AL ASSESSMENT' FOR THE SALVAGE/DEMOLITION OF 200 WEST AREA, '200 EAST AREA, AND 300 AREA STEAM PLANTS U . S . DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RICHLAND, WASHINGTON OCTOBER 1996 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available origid document. DOE/EA- 1177 U.S. Department o f Energy Preface Appendices. Additional information necessary t o support an understanding of the proposed action, a1 ternati ves , and potenti a1 impacts i s provided. Comments resul ti.ng from review o

163

ALSNews Vol. 337  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Print 7 Print Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films A team of UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a relatively easy, inexpensive, and scalable technique to direct the self--assembly of gold nanoparticles into device-ready thin films, which have potential applications in fields ranging from energy harvesting to plasmonics. Read more... Contact: TIng Xu Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Topological insulators are highly promising materials for electronic applications, displaying startling electronic properties and providing a possible medium for observing still-theoretical particles relevant to quantum computing. Two recent studies at the ALS bolster prospects for the practical application of these materials in advanced devices. Read more...

164

Archives and History Office: SLAC Nobel Prizes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLAC Nobel Prizes SLAC Nobel Prizes SLAC Nobel Prizes Burton Richter 1976 Burton Richter (SLAC) and Samuel C. C. Ting (MIT)shared the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind." (Logbook page from J/Psi particle discovery experiment.) (Pictured: Burton Richter at SLAC in 1976) Richard Taylor, 1990 Nobel group, with Friedman, Kendall and Taylor in front Richard E. Taylor (SLAC), Jerome I. Friedman (MIT), and Henry W. Kendall (MIT) shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics." (Pictured: Richard Taylor at left, Group at Nobel Ceremony in Stockholm in 1990, with Friedman, Kendall and Taylor in front row)

165

ALSNews Vol. 337  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Print 7 Print Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films A team of UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a relatively easy, inexpensive, and scalable technique to direct the self--assembly of gold nanoparticles into device-ready thin films, which have potential applications in fields ranging from energy harvesting to plasmonics. Read more... Contact: TIng Xu Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Topological insulators are highly promising materials for electronic applications, displaying startling electronic properties and providing a possible medium for observing still-theoretical particles relevant to quantum computing. Two recent studies at the ALS bolster prospects for the practical application of these materials in advanced devices. Read more...

166

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

31 results: 31 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Ranjit Bharvirkar [Clear All Filters] 2013 Abhyankar, Nikit, Amol Phadke, Jayant A. Sathaye, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Alissa Johnson, Ranjit Deshmukh, Cathie Murray, Bob Lieberman, and Ajith Raoc. Modeling Clean and Secure Energy Scenarios for the Indian Power Sector in 2030., 2013. 2012 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, J. Greenblatt, James E. McMahon, Daniel M. Kammen, Christopher M. Jones, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston et al. California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050., 2012. 2011 Deshmukh, Ranjit, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Ashwin Gambhir, and Amol Phadke. Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons

167

Max Wei  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Max Wei Max Wei Max Wei Sustainable Energy Systems Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2024L (510) 486-5220 MWei@lbl.gov This publications database is an ongoing project, and not all Division publications are represented here yet. Publications 2013 Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, J. Greenblatt, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, Christopher M. Jones, James E. McMahon, and Daniel M. Kammen. "Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (2013). 2012 Greenblatt, J., Max Wei, and James E. McMahon. California's Energy Future: Buildings and Industrial Efficiency, California Council on Science and

168

Evolutionary analyses of nonfamily genes in plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

73 73 © 2012 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Received Date : 11-May-2012 Revised Date : 16-Oct-2012 Accepted Date : 07-Nov-2012 Article type : Original Article Evolutionary analyses of non-family genes in plants Chu-Yu Ye 1,2,3,4 , Ting Li 1,3,4 , Hengfu Yin 1 , David J. Weston 1 , Gerald A. Tuskan 1,2 , Timothy J. Tschaplinski 1,2 , Xiaohan Yang 1,2,* 1 Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA 2 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA 3 Present addresses: Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China (C.-Y.Y.); Pioneer Hi- Bred International, Johnston, IA 50131, USA (T.L.) 4 These authors contributed equally to this work. * Corresponding author:

169

FILE6 STATE OF MISSISSIPPI PROJECT SALMON SITE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

$,by $,by FILE6 STATE OF MISSISSIPPI PROJECT SALMON SITE '3'1 DEC 2 fin 11 16 COUNTY OF LAHAR - TRACT NO. 100 (Series) - . . - - WAYNE S ~ I I T H - ' WARRANTY DEED CWYE'IIHG.FEEt ANILEASEMENT -.-..., I KNOW ALL HEN BY THESE PRESENT that TAT^^ LUHBER COMPANY, a Hississippi I ' Corporation, ac'ting- by and through its President PAUL TATUM, whose address and telephone number are Post Office Box 15547, . -. Hattiesburg, Mississippi 39404, (601) 794-8133, hereinafter referred to- &he GRANTOR, for and. in I!. consideration of the sum of TWO MILLION TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-SIX THOUSAND . -.x. OOLLARS AND NDf100 ($2,226,000.00), the recipt dnd sufficiency of . which - are hereby acknowledged, does hereby GRANT, WARRANT, BARGAIN, SELL, and k CONVEY unto the UNITED STATES OF AHERICA and its assigns, whose add&

170

Biochem. J.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

29, 29, 533-543 (Printed in Great Britain) doi:10.1042/BJ20100238 533 Identification of a novel UDP-sugar pyrophosphorylase with a broad substrate specificity in Trypanosoma cruzi Ting YANG*† and Maor BAR-PELED†‡ 1 *Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A., †Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC), University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A., and ‡Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A. The diverse types of glycoconjugates synthesized by trypanoso- matid parasites are unique compared with the host cells. These glycans are required for the parasite survival, invasion or evasion of the host immune system. Synthesis of those glycoconjugates requires a constant supply of nucleotide-sugars (NDP-sugars), yet little is known about how these NDP-sugars are made

171

Regmi Research Series ,Year 4, January 1, 1972  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more to ... 1~ 'people ? Thuroouy, Chrfl1loo' J3f,di 13 , C',pl1.E11 of NUlltI~ot. HottJ S ~:h~,SQ f ,ur l(;tttlre wore sent by J<;inr Pritlwi Nnrayan 'Shah to ' llllrid~": P:~ nd1.tJ his on..,.oy tn Tihilt. Cttleulnti-: ne reveal that the t... ~.cnureled cauriter.':: f El1ting, whicb would have lod to an inc~ase 1n price s 8 IX\\. thus hardll,tliP tJ ' . for the ptloplt: . Prithvl Na reya n ShAh, ther otON, fc llowed "he poUC),, "9t plinting purE! coint;!. 1J'bls BOOWS that Pri t"hvi Kareyan ?llah .,.d :8...

Regmi, Mahesh C

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

HADRON AND PHOTON PRODUCTION OF J PARTICLES AND THE ORIGIN OF J PARTICLES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COO.306?, 3'^ 7 COO.306?, 3'^ 7 HADRON AND PHOTON PRODUCTION OF J PARTICLES AND THE ORIGIN OF J PARTICLES Samuel C.C.Ting Department of Physics and Laboratory for Nuclear Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology RECEIVED BY TIC MlG 5 1975 A Rapporteur's Summary at the International Conference on High Energy Physics btil Palermo, Sicily. June, 1975 'W^'i'Lll DISTRIBUTION OFTHIS DOCUJvlLMi uMUMltrsP DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process

173

Les bKa'brgyad - Sources canoniques et tradition de Nyangral Nyima 'od zer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

la Pense, li la famille du bouddha Ak?obhya (Thugs Mi bskyod pa'i rigs) nomm dPal Heruka snying rje rol pa'i rgyud (?r?-heruka-karu??kr??ita-tantra), tabli par l'?c?rya H??- kara12 , venu de l'Inde de l'est, prs de Zahor (Est du Bengale) (r... mi tra, Pra chen ha ti, Rum bu ghu ya dhe ba, Dha na sang tri, Shan ting ghar ba. 21 'Ju mi pham (s.d., vol. 21 : 15) mentionne galement cette neuvime cassette, dont les autres gter ston qui ont dcouvert des cycles de bKa' brgyad ne parlent pas...

Sampel, Tenzin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Pract Engineering | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pract Engineering Pract Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name Pract Engineering Address 1150 55th Street, Suite C Place Emeryville, California Zip 94608 Sector Renewable Energy Product Trac Stat SL1 Year founded 2011 Phone number (510) 654-4990 Website http://www.practengineering.co Coordinates 37.838358°, -122.28362° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.838358,"lon":-122.28362,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

175

Analysis of Chinshan-1 power test data with the BNL plant analyzer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) plant analyzer, also called the high-speed interactive plant analyzer (HIPA), was developed to reduce the time and cost associated with nuclear power plant transient simulation. The BNL analyzer proved to be quite accurate for the analysis of boiling water reactor (BWR) designs and compared well with the results of TRAC-B01, RAMONA-3B, and RELAP-5 calculations. Modification such as feedwater pump control system, SRV logics, input parameter, and form loss coefficient were made to HIPA's BWR/4 models to accommodate the BWR/4 plant-specific design features of Chinshan-1. This paper presents comparisons of HIPA prediction to Chinshan-1 data for two important power tests.

Geping Yu; Baushei Pei; Chin Pan (National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

,=SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY OF  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

=SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY =SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY /----------. OF u. 9, coliTRAcT w-74l2-FZG-1 Dcprtrnent of Energy Savannah R' ber Operations Of fii PCIBOXA Aiken. South Carolina 29801 B. I. du Pant de Neraure sad Company Alken, SC 2980s Dear Nr. Becheyars volume II, Design and Pmcurernurt Eistory of B&ford Engineer Work# and cliuton Sed-Worka, baa been reviewed for declssslficatim ln reapouae to a request fma 6. U. 0'lUs.r. xnltial revi& request was fa-aln L. ?. shal?nn&, AES, wl.ldngtoo, tq 6. n. O' P.ear. I have determiaed Volume If, Design sad ProcurePent Ehtoq of Nanford Enginaar works and ClAnton Semi-Works, may be declaseified. Aomrdingly, by my authority, Volume II is declassified effeotive Hay 4, 1964. Volume II h& bean deterdaed to contdn~ Section148 infonzation~ however, olswe lthasnotbeenreviewed

177

Typical Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and operatioal support Typical Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and operatioal support Vendor's Name Contact/Rep Address Work Phone 615 Music Productions, Inc. Steve Hayes or Laura Palmer 1030 16th Ave. South, Nashville, TN 37212 616-244-6515 Adams, James F. James Adams 1217 Brookshire Dr., Bedford, TX 76021 214-674-6868 Adobe Systems Inc. N/A 2750 Barrett Lakes Blvd., Kennesaw, GA 30144 800-833-6687 Atlantech Resellers Inc, DBA CablesAndKits.com Craig Haynie 4555 Atwater Ct Ste ! Buford, GA 21075 877-633-2629 Albuquerque Printing Co Albert Padilla 3838 Bogan Ave.NE, Albq. 87109 505-872-2200 AlphaTRAC, Inc. John Ciolek 8670 Wolff Ct Ste 120 Westminster, CO 80031 303-428-5670 Amazon.com CSR

178

Task completion report for investigating why output signal-variable values differ from their output component-parameter values in test problem MST2  

SciTech Connect

Signal-variable values and their component-parameter values differ in an end-of-timestep edit to the TRCOUT and TRCGRF files because signal variables have beginning-of-timestep values, and component parameters have end-of-timestep values. Oscillatory divergence in the MST2 standard test problem after 9000 s occurs because of TRAC-P`s numerical evaluation at a 1000 material Courant number. The magnitude of that divergence has diminished by a factor of 3.5 from Version 5.3.01 to 5.4.15 and by a factor of 25 from Version 5.4.15 to 5.4.28. That divergence can be eliminated by evaluating MST2 with a maximum material Courant number of 500.

Steinke, R.G.

1997-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

179

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 21870 of 28,905 results. 61 - 21870 of 28,905 results. Article V-211: IBM iNotes Multiple Vulnerabilities IBM iNotes has two cross-site scripting vulnerabilities and an ActiveX Integer overflow vulnerability http://energy.gov/cio/articles/v-211-ibm-inotes-multiple-vulnerabilities Download Memorandum, Health and Safety Training Reciprocity Program- July 12, 2013 The centerpiece of TRAC is HSS' voluntary training reciprocity program that has tremendous potential to bring consistency and standardization to health and safety training across DOE. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/memorandum-health-and-safety-training-reciprocity-program-july-12 Download Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations Presenter: David Freshwater, Emergency Management Specialist, Office of

180

Clouds Height and Aerosol Dynamic Monitoring by Micro Pulse Backscattering Eye-safe Lidar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time, clouds height monitoring, attenuation length measurement and remote atmospheric homogeneity sensing by micro pulse Lidar (MPL) is proposed for use together with UV-laser slant-path extinction measurements in the Pierre Auger experiment. The goal of the research reported here is to determine the feasibility of such a sensor for quatitative measurements during an experiment in autonomous mode regardless of weather. Preliminary results of an atmosphere sensing at the Pierre Auger site in Nov.1998 by micro pulse Lidar are presented and discussed. 1 Introduction The long term measurements of the atmospheric turbidity, meteovisibility, haze optical thickness and cloud base height are very important for the surface radiation budget and for climate modeling in general. These data are necessary both, for scientic use, as in the detection of extremely high energy cosmic rays by the uorescence technique [1], and for applied environmental monitoring, as in air trac control for...

Pershin And Lyash

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trac ting fro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumination. LLC for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Lumination. LLC for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE·EE0003232, W(A) 2010-034, CH-1571 The Petitioner, Lumination. LLC. was awarded the subject cooperative agreement with DOE for the performance of work entitled, "Development of Advanced Manufacturing Methods for Warm-White LEDs for General Lighting." The objective of the work is the development of precise and efficient manufacturing techniques for its "remote phosphor" platform of warm-white LED products. In volume, this project will drive significant materials, labor and capital productivity to achieve significant reduction in overall cost compared to current baseline. In addition, the typical total color variation fro these white LEDs in production will be well within the ANSI bins and as low

182

Moose Lake Water & Light Comm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lake Water & Light Comm Lake Water & Light Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name Moose Lake Water & Light Comm Place Minnesota Utility Id 12897 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 2-250HPS-FRO Lighting 250 HPS ELEOLY Lighting 3-250 HPS Lighting 4-250 HPS Lighting 400 HPS Rent Lighting BEST OIL CO Commercial BIKE TRAIL Commercial CIP Commercial Commercial Demand Commercial Commercial Electricity Commercial Demand 1 Phase Industrial

183

Summary - Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX)Technology at the SRS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ETR ETR R Un Baseline The Sm being The SC operat which Sr, and waste critical the SC deploy Specif exchan [CST]) CST, a (mono and so (RMF) maturi readin design moving The pu techni projec Site: S roject: S E Report Date: F ited States Sma Why DOE e SCIX System Pr mall Column Io developed at S CIX system is tions (ion excha function to rem d actinides) fro and prepare th l technology ele CIX system tha yment and thes fically the critica nge on a selec ) housed in an actinide and Sr osodium titanat olids/liquid sepa ). The objectiv ty of the SCIX ess of the proc n, and to provid g towards deta To view the full E http://www.em.doe. urpose of an Externa ical risk associated w ct decisions. Technic Savannah Rive Small Column Exchange/SCIX Feb. 2011 Departmen ll Colum E-EM Did This rocess Diagram on Exchange (S

184

/ J8Y.17 I E(DE86008418)  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

/,, DOE/EIS-0109F /,, DOE/EIS-0109F / J8Y.17 I E(DE86008418) O&4 .48 FINAL Environmental Impact Statement Long-Term Management of the Existing Radioactive Wastes and Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site ( Se(42Ho- /,02.F7fro^' t^ K- A~-) April 1986 U. S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 DOE/EIS-0109F (DE86008418) Distribution Category UC-70A FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT LONG-TERM MANAGEMENT OF THE EXISTING RADIOACTIVE WASTES AND RESIDUES AT THE NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE April 1986 U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. COVER SHEET FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT LONG-TERM MANAGEMENT OF EXISTING RADIOACTIVE WASTES AND RESIDUES AT THE NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE a) Lead Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) b) Proposed Action: Long-term stabilization and control of existing radioactive wastes and residues

185

Transport Membrane Condenser for Water and Energy Recovery from Power Plant Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dexin Wang Dexin Wang Principal Investigator Gas Technology Institute 1700 South Mount Prospect Rd Des Plaines, Il 60018 847-768-0533 dexin.wang@gastechnology.org TransporT MeMbrane Condenser for WaTer and energy reCovery froM poWer planT flue gas proMIs/projeCT no.: nT0005350 Background One area of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program's research is being performed to develop advanced technologies to reuse power plant cooling water and associated waste heat and to investigate methods to recover water from power plant flue gas. Considering the quantity of water withdrawn and consumed by power plants, any recovery or reuse of this water can significantly reduce the plant's water requirements. Coal occurs naturally with water present (3-60 weight %), and the combustion

186

D  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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187

FESAC Agenda - February 2002 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

2 2 Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (FESAC) FESAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (140KB) FES Committees of Visitors FES Home Meetings FESAC Agenda - February 2002 Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee Meeting Agenda February 27-28, 2002 Gaitherburg, Maryland Wednesday, February 27, 2002 Date/Time Topic Speaker 0900 Welcome/Logistics Hazeltine 0905 DOE/SC Perspective Decker .pdf file (1.5MB) 1005 Break 1020 Report fro OFES Davies .pdf file (574KB) 1130 RFP: Its Confinement Status and Future Prager .pdf file (632KB) 1200 Lunch 1330 Commercialization of Environmental and Fuel Efficiency Technology Spinoffs of Fusion Energy Research Cohn .pdf file (1.3MB) 1430 Break 1445 Preparations and Plans for Snowmass Navratil .pdf file (988KB)

188

Membrane Process to Sequester CO2 from Power Plant Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MeMbrane Process to sequester co MeMbrane Process to sequester co 2 froM Power Plant flue Gas Background Carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants are believed to contribute significantly to global warming climate change. The direct approach to address this problem is to capture the carbon dioxide in flue gas and sequester it underground. However, the high cost of separating and capturing CO 2 with conventional technologies prevents the adoption of this approach. This project investigates the technical and economic feasibility of a new membrane process to capture CO 2 from power plant flue gas. Description Direct CO 2 capture from power plant flue gas has been the subject of many studies. Currently, CO 2 capture with amine absorption seems to be the leading candidate technology-although membrane processes have been suggested. The principal

189

MHK Technologies/Wave Water Pump WWP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pump WWP Pump WWP < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Wave Water Pump WWP.gif Technology Profile Primary Organization Renewable Energy Wave Pumps Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Description The Water Wave Pump WWP is a point absorber that uses a submerged water pump to lift a small quantity of water to a higher head collect it in a piping network and feed it to a hydro turbine to produce power Mooring Configuration Gravity base installed at the sea bed Optimum Marine/Riverline Conditions The REWP can pump water to a hgih head fro waves ranging between 1 2 meters to waves in excess of 4 meters high It self adjusts to varyilng sea levels and wave hights It resists storms safe to navigation as red floats are clearly seen during the day and red flashing lights during the night It does not disturb marine life or shore line scenic view

190

INTERO)CPICE CORRC-NOKNCL  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

s.u-or:.L~ s.u-or:.L~ p40.0-0(-b INTERO)CPICE CORRC-NOKNCL 7117-01.85.sej.08 TO: File cc: A. Wallo DATE: 27 March 1985 B. Fritz C. Young F. Hoch SUmJECT: SPENCER CHEMICAL CO., JAYHAWK WORKS A@-+ FRoMz S.E. Jones The Spencer Chemical Co. Jayhawks Works, and Joplin, Missouri, located between Pittsburg, Kansas was licensed b!!.the NRC undersource Material License C-4352 and Special NuclearMaterial Licenses SNM-154 to operate a uranium oxide pilot plant, and SNM-329 to process enriched uranium (for other licensees:). Headquarters for the Spencer Chemical Company appear to have been located at the Dwight Building, Kansas Cit,y. IMissouri. and the Research Center, 9009 West 67th Street, Merriam, Kansas. Licensing activities for the Jayhawks facilities was managed at these two locations.

191

CEQ Memorandum on Designation of Non-Federal Agencies as Cooperating Agencies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

'WASHINGTON D C 20503 'WASHINGTON D C 20503 July 25, I999 MEMOR4NDUM FOR HEADS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES FRO&l: GEORGE T. FIWMPTON. JR. Acting Chair SUBJECT: ATTACHED MEMORANDUM Attached please find a memorandum regarding the designation of non-federal agencies to be cooperating agencies in implementing the procedural requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act. If you have any questions concerning this memorandum, please do not hesitate to contact Dinah Bear, the Council on Environmental Quality's General Counsel, at (202)395-5750. Attachment Recycled Paper EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY WASHINGTON. 0 C ZOSOJ July 28, 1999 &IEh[ORANDL'?vI FOR HEADS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES SUBJECT: DESIGNATION OF NON-FEDERAL AGENCIES TO BE COOPERqTIXG

192

ORDNANCE CORPS  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

id id ' . ORDNANCE CORPS ..: .: FRANKFORD ARSENAL With reference to peur lethi doted 12 hroh 1953, aomxm&g mrml ltlnnb8 wblob will be tramierre- Bllklf8c~ Laboratorlee, Ino., ie flnmlebed: s.8 Reetm, &keo., tale follorlng 3lu~tlM 1. 2. At the preeent tiae no 8p ~terlal. he bun eldpped fro8thelbenkferdAreen8lto~Uanut80~ Laboratorlee, Inc. Rewemr, it le understood that 8e!aullportionDftbesPmaterllebippedto liatmtan Areeaal frcm the Prankfcrtl Areenel. bae been tramfed ta tbe Menuf8oturing Labozmtcriee, 1x10. Inforution on the uotmt cf mteria.l ebipped to the Hemfr~otm%g Labcndries, ho., oan be cMd.md fron~dertenaArseaal,Acwuutabill~Spbol-Ii& xtde. expected that mpproaim*, l5Q polmde of -la l sWdllbembippedfiwmFraakfordkseml-PAR- to the Rannfaom Iabertiterlu, ho. .

193

I'  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

:!. :!. i - _ -. .: -. _. _ : _. -._ -- I' . .- Rooker Case Pile Em. Prot. Bureau N.Y.S. Department of Law New York, New York I FOIA MATERIALS FP.09 DOE Ru /a- --- L -- - -- - ~~~~~~,,.~~;' ~~i~T~~~~ ' ~-~~&~' Mt??7WZ~d$O77 ED STATES GOVERNME:: TO : 8. J. smith, Jr., Chief. Operations Branch DATE: October 21, 1952 Produc tlai Divlsio FROM : H. J. Hsnhmn. Ch da sub-Dm.cs SKEPDRT FOROCTCEJZ SIXBX.: TA::HJH:M *:scpet;r\ P.$@$ Rp3 OIlU b ~~aw*~~ WHENsEPARATa FRo~mcLOSuRES - 6ss&y%fs lwmEDoc~mAsuNcLAssIFxm T c. r,pJlS -- t/ , Ii' $m .I l Pnclosed fr the Monthly F'mgesr Report for October 1952 covering nctlvitles under the Tonawanda Sub Office for thir month. Eercl.: Report, cyr lA & 2A .._ CLASSIFICATICN C:.?!CELLED i auk%% :&K.-xJ- / 7 L

194

.*' UNIVJ3RSIl-Y OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

' ' .*' UNIVJ3RSIl-Y OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY March 4, 1981 Mr. Calvin A. Jackson, Director Environment, Safety and Program Support Division Department of Energy 1333 Broadway Oakland, California 94b12 Dear'Cal: Enclosed is my report.to our Radiation Safety Committee on the Burris Park situation. Please call if you have any questions. Sincerely, Andris Peterson Radiation Safety Officer AP:fo enc. vr- ' in ' ." ,' -, .,.-,.~"., ..,_ .."l,.l: .,....., _.,.-._._..,. .__.~..~,..~.. ..,._.,. om: OFFKE OF sslROS.MEsTAL HLUTH cowEu. MlH0Rw ImsPn.u March 2, 1981 TO: Radiation Safety Comittee FRO?1 : A. Peterson, Radiation Safety SUBJECT: Survey of Burris Park.Site IhTRODUCTION: The Department of Plant and Soil Biology under the auspices of Atomic Energy Contract AT(ll-1 -34 carried outstudies on decon-

195

DovERA-65)q---7- Final Report Theoretical Studies of Magnetic Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DovERA-65)q---7- DovERA-65)q---7- Final Report - Theoretical Studies of Magnetic Systems ' L. P. Gor'kov M. A. Novotny J. R. Schrieffer endpoint to the pub lication or Ve have *no o bjection fro g s a patent August 1, 1994 - November 30, 19gssen tination of this materials. l'e altYYQA(A.,-' '-a- 1 0 9 f National High Magnetic Field Labora Florida State University / _,iktiI,,, Fez, of Intellectual 1800 E Paul Dirac Dr. Property Counsel I. During the grant period we have studied five areas of research, 1) low dimensional ferrimagnets, 2) lattice effects in the mixed valence problem, 3) spin compensation in the one dimensional Kondo lattice, 4) the interaction of quasi particles in short coherence length superconductors, and 5) novel effects in angle resolved photoemission spectra from nearly

196

Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization. The proposed design conditions specific to the location and the application are drastically different than currently used single design conditions for all application and locations. Cooling load estimates fro two building located in Kuwait have been analyzed for the proposed and the current design conditions to highlight over- or under-sizing the air-conditioning (A/C) plant capacity. Finally, a number of recommendations are made for architects and designers to use proper design conditions to ensure year-round comfort and energy conservation.

Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Enhancing Multi-Agent Based Simulation with Human-Agents Interactive Spatial Behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are exploring the enhancement of models of agent behaviour with more "human-like" decision making strategies than are presently available. Our motivation is to developed with a view to as the decision analysis and support for electric taxi company under the mission of energy saving and reduction of CO2, in particular car-pool and car-sharing management policies. In order to achieve the object of decision analysis for user, we provide a human-agents interactive spatial behaviour to support user making decision real time. We adopt passenger average waiting time and electric taxi average idle time as the performance measures and decision support fro electric taxi company. Finally, according to the analysis result, we demonstrate that our multi-agent simulation and GUI can help users or companies quickly make a quality and accurate decision to reduce the decision-making cost and time.

Chen, Yee Ming; Shiu, Hung-Ming

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Nonlinear response of vessel walls due to short-time thermomechanical loading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maintaining structural integrity of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) during a postulated core melt accident is an important safety consideration in the design of the vessel. This study addresses the failure predictions of the vessel due to thermal and pressure loadings fro the molten core debris depositing on the lower head of the vessel. Different loading combinations were considered based on the dead load, yield stress assumptions, material response and internal pressurization. The analyses considered only short term failure (quasi static) modes, long term failure modes were not considered. Short term failure modes include plastic instabilities of the structure and failure due to exceeding the failure strain. Long term failure odes would be caused by creep rupture that leads to plastic instability of the structure. Due to the sort time durations analyzed, creep was not considered in the analyses presented.

Pfeiffer, P.A.; Kulak, R.F.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Studies of prompt photon production and multijet production at the Tevatron Collider  

SciTech Connect

We present measurements of inclusive isolated prompt photon production in p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.8 TeV from the Fermilab experiments CDF and D0. Precision measurements of prompt photon production fro CD constrain the gluon distribution, and recent results from D0 agree with CDF and QCD predictions. We also present studies of events with up to six jets in the final state from the CDF experiment. The mass distributions and mass ratio for these events is well described by the HERWIG parton shower Monte Carlo and by leading order QCD. Finally we present studies by both CDF and D0 of events with three jets in the final state.

Buckley-Geer, E.; CDF Collaboration

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Planar velocity analysis of diesel spray shadow images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this work is to demonstrate how spatially resolved image information from diesel fuel injection events can be obtained using a forward-scatter imaging geometry, and used to calculate the velocities of liquid structures on the periphery of the spray. In order to obtain accurate velocities directly from individual diesel spray structures, those features need to be spatially resolved in the measurement. The distributed structures measured in a direct shadowgraphy arrangement cannot be reliably analyzed for this kind of velocity information. However, by utilizing an intense collimated light source and adding imaging optics which modify the signal collection, spatially resolved optical information can be retrieved from spray edge regions within a chosen object plane. This work discusses a set of measurements where a diesel spray is illuminated in rapid succession by two ultrafast laser pulses generated by a mode-locked Ti-Sapphire oscillator seeding a matched pair of regenerative amplifiers. Light fro...

Sedarsky, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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201

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D., August 16, 1994  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Nello Pace was interviewed by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE). Dr. Pace was selected fro the interview because of the positions he held with the US Navy, at the University of California, Berkeley, and as Director of the White Mountain Research Station near Bishop, California. Following a brief biographical sketch, Dr. Pace related his remembrances concerning tritium injections experiments in animals and humans during World War II, the development of Medical Physics Degree Programs at UC Berkeley, conducting the first radiation survey at Nagasaki after the bomb, and the establishment of a research laboratory at White Mountain. He also offers reflections on Shields Warren and comments on the public`s attitudes towards radiation both then and now.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Influence of Dissolved hydrogen on Nickel Alloy SCC: A Window to Fundamental Insight  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Prior stress corrosion crack growth rate (SCCGR) testing of nickel alloys as a function of the aqueous hydrogen concentration (i.e., the concentration of hydrogen dissolved in the water) has identified different functionalities at 338 and 360 C. These SCCGR dependencies have been uniquely explained in terms of the stability of nickel oxide. The present work evaluates whether the influence of aqueous hydrogen concentration on SCCGR is fundamentally due to effects on hydrogen absorption and/or corrosion kinetics. Hydrogen permeation tests were conducted to measure hydrogen pickup in and transport through the metal. Repassivation tests were performed in an attempt to quantify the corrosion kinetics. The aqueous hydrogen concentration dependency of these fundamental parameters (hydrogen permeation, repassivation) has been used to qualitatively evaluate the film-rupture/oxidation (FRO) and hydrogen assisted cracking (HAC) SCC mechanisms. This paper discusses the conditions that must be imposed upon these mechanisms to describe the known nickel alloy SCCGR aqueous hydrogen concentration functionality. Specifically, the buildup of hydrogen within Alloy 600 (measured through permeability) does not exhibit the same functionality as SCC with respect to the aqueous hydrogen concentration. This result implies that if HAC is the dominant SCC mechanism, then corrosion at isolated active path regions (i.e., surface initiation sites or cracks) must be the source of localized elevated detrimental hydrogen. Repassivation tests showed little temperature sensitivity over the range of 204 to 360 C. This result implies that for either the FRO or the HAC mechanism, corrosion processes (e.g., at a crack tip, in the crack wake, or on surfaces external to the crack) cannot by themselves explain the strong temperature dependence of nickel alloy SCC.

D.S. Morton; S.A. Attanasio; G.A. Young; P.L. Andresen; T.M. Angeliu

2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

203

California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050 Title California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050 Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5448E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, J. Greenblatt, James E. McMahon, Daniel M. Kammen, Christopher M. Jones, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, and Ranjit Bharvirkar Date Published 10/2012 Abstract Meeting the State of California's 2050 target of 80% lower greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from a 1990 baseline is a challenging goal that cannot be met without a portfolio of measures and strategies that span both energy demand and energy supply. This study focuses on energy emissions with the target of reducing energy emissions by 80% relative to 1990 energy emissions. Meeting the 2050 target requires both a sustained commitment to aggressively develop existing technologies as well as an aggressive and sustained policy commitment to reshape and ultimately transform the state's energy system. The 2050 GHG target for California appears achievable, but requires significant changes in the way we produce energy, deliver energy services, and utilize energy.

204

Hawthorns and Crabapples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hawthorns and Crabapples Hawthorns and Crabapples Nature Bulletin No. 153 May 1, 1948 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Supt of Conservation HAWTHORNS AND CRABAPPLES The wild crabapple and the hawthorn are small trees; pioneers of the open woodlands, forest edges, sunny pastures, roadsides and fence rows. One of the peculiarities of the Chicago region is the manner in which the hawthorns, their seeds distributed largely by birds, will march across abandoned fields and take possession. Undisturbed by ax or fire, in twenty years there will be an almost impenetrable thicket from 10 to 20 feet in height. Crabapples and some species of hawthorns look much alike but the leaves are different and the crab has no thorns on its twigs. Its fragrant 5-petalled blossoms are pink or rose-tinged, and its fruit is a small greenish sour apple. The hawthorns have sharp thorns, white 5- petalled blossoms with a rather unpleasant fragrance, and its fruits, or "haws", are small, round, mealy-fleshed and varying In color from brilliant scarlet to dull dotted red or yellow -- according to the species.

205

Environmental Review Form for Argonne National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7) for instructions, contacts, and additional information on specific line items. 7) for instructions, contacts, and additional information on specific line items. I?)Proiect/Activitv Title: -Biomass production and nitrogen recovery in 21n century riparian buffers I?).4SO NEPA Tracking No. A 56 - L X - d3 I ? ) b of Funding: B&R Code .,. . . . . . .: UIIdentiMw number: WFO proposal # CRADA proposal # Work Project # ANL accou~~ting # (item 3a in Field Work Proposal) 49147-NE-155 Other (explain) flIPniect Meager: M. Cristina Newi S i p a t u ~ : k& Date: 618 110 J?)NEPA Owner: R . R/,J Signature: a : c/'?//o ANL NEPA Reviewer: M A. Km&a signam?- 5 . S v - . . . -.. . + Date: d 1 ? l -L . : 17. rl I. [?Nbcri~tion of Pro& Action: Collect soil samples, and place small soil moisture samplers approximately 4 feet below grouncl s u b near and away from Argonne-planted phytoremediation trees.

206

In-microbe formation of nucleotide sugars in engineered Escherichia coli  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

microbe microbe formation of nucleotide sugars in engineered Escherichia coli Ting Yang a , Yael Bar-Peled a , James Amor Smith a , John Glushka a , Maor Bar-Peled a,b,⇑ a Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC), University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA b Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 29 September 2011 Received in revised form 9 December 2011 Accepted 14 December 2011 Available online 20 December 2011 Keywords: Nucleotide sugar metabolism UDP-GalA UDP-Gal UDP-GlcNAcA UDP-XylNAc UDP-Glc 13 C-labeled nucleotide sugar 15 N-labeled nucleotide sugar E. coli In-microbe a b s t r a c t Numerous different nucleotide sugars are used as sugar donors for the biosynthesis of glycans by bacte- ria, humans, fungi, and plants. However, many of these nucleotide sugars are not available either in their native form

207

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lnfonnatlon lnfonnatlon Project Title: Advanced Formation Evaluation Tools Date: 12-6-2010 DOE Code: 6730.020.51144 Contractor 8067-795 Code: Proj ect Lead: Frank Ingham Project Overview DrillS 1/2" hole through Tenslee12 with an Lggging Whi~ Drilling (LWD). Wor1< will consist of 1. Brief project description [include anything that could impact the environment) re~ated drilling and lggging , more drilling and going bi!ck !o lgg th!il ~!Qn, my!!jQie times, Will change out LWD assemb~ ang re~a! mutti12le tim!il:i, Wor1< is on an existing hole utilizing 2. Legal location !ilxi§ting ~ui12ment. Kicks, fires and fliud release are all ootential environmental hazards. 3. Duration of the project Standard Ol2!i!rating 12radices will be utilized to monitQr drilling o~rations. l2!0Q wor1< will be

208

Evaluation of atmospheric transport models for use in Phase II of the historical public exposures studies at the Rocky Flats Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five atmospheric transport models were evaluated for use in Phase II of the Historical Public Exposures Studies at the Rocky Flats Plant. Models included a simple straight-line Gaussian plume model (ISCST2), several integrated puff models (RATCHET, TRIAD, and INPUFF2), and a complex terrain model (TRAC). Evaluations were based on how well model predictions compared with sulfur hexafluoride tracer measurements taken in the vicinity of Rocky Flats in February 1991. Twelve separate tracer experiments were conducted, each lasting 9 hr and measured at 140 samplers in arcs 8 and 16 km from the release point at Rocky Flats. Four modeling objectives were defined based on the endpoints of the overall study: (1) the unpaired maximum hourly average concentration, (2) paired time-averaged concentration, (3) unpaired time-averaged concentration, and (4) arc-integrated concentration. Performance measures were used to evaluate models and focused on the geometric mean and standard deviation of the predicted-to-observed ratio and the correlation coefficient between predicted and observed concentrations. No one model consistently outperformed the others in all modeling objectives and performance measures. The overall performance of the RATCHET model was somewhat better than the other models.

Rood, A.S.; Killough, G.G.; Till, J.E.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Trace Assessment for BWR ATWS Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A TRACE/PARCS input model has been developed in order to be able to analyze anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) in a boiling water reactor. The model is based on one developed previously for the Browns Ferry reactor for doing loss-of-coolant accident analysis. This model was updated by adding the control systems needed for ATWS and a core model using PARCS. The control systems were based on models previously developed for the TRAC-B code. The PARCS model is based on information (e.g., exposure and moderator density (void) history distributions) obtained from General Electric Hitachi and cross sections for GE14 fuel obtained from an independent source. The model is able to calculate an ATWS, initiated by the closure of main steam isolation valves, with recirculation pump trip, water level control, injection of borated water from the standby liquid control system and actuation of the automatic depres-surization system. The model is not considered complete and recommendations are made on how it should be improved.

Cheng, L.Y.; Diamond, D.; Arantxa Cuadra, Gilad Raitses, Arnold Aronson

2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

210

Standard Test Method for Application and Analysis of Solid State Track Recorder (SSTR) Monitors for Reactor Surveillance, E706(IIIB)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This test method describes the use of solid-state track recorders (SSTRs) for neutron dosimetry in light-water reactor (LWR) applications. These applications extend from low neutron fluence to high neutron fluence, including high power pressure vessel surveillance and test reactor irradiations as well as low power benchmark field measurement. (1) This test method replaces Method E 418. This test method is more detailed and special attention is given to the use of state-of-the-art manual and automated track counting methods to attain high absolute accuracies. In-situ dosimetry in actual high fluence-high temperature LWR applications is emphasized. 1.2 This test method includes SSTR analysis by both manual and automated methods. To attain a desired accuracy, the track scanning method selected places limits on the allowable track density. Typically good results are obtained in the range of 5 to 800 000 tracks/cm2 and accurate results at higher track densities have been demonstrated for some cases. (2) Trac...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Horizontal Heat Exchanger Design and Analysis for Passive Heat Removal Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a three-year project to investigate the major factors of horizontal heat exchanger performance in passive containment heat removal from a light water reactor following a design basis accident LOCA (Loss of Coolant Accident). The heat exchanger studied in this work may be used in advanced and innovative reactors, in which passive heat removal systems are adopted to improve safety and reliability The application of horizontal tube-bundle condensers to passive containment heat removal is new. In order to show the feasibility of horizontal heat exchangers for passive containment cooling, the following aspects were investigated: 1. the condensation heat transfer characteristics when the incoming fluid contains noncondensable gases 2. the effectiveness of condensate draining in the horizontal orientation 3. the conditions that may lead to unstable condenser operation or highly degraded performance 4. multi-tube behavior with the associated secondary-side effects This project consisted of two experimental investigations and analytical model development for incorporation into industry safety codes such as TRAC and RELAP. A physical understanding of the flow and heat transfer phenomena was obtained and reflected in the analysis models. Two gradute students (one funded by the program) and seven undergraduate students obtained research experience as a part of this program.

Vierow, Karen

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

212

Intermediate-break LOCA analyses for the AP600 design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A postulated double-ended guillotine break of a direct-vessel-injection line in an AP600 plant has been analyzed. This event is characterized as an intermediate break loss-of-coolant accident (IBLOCA). Most of the insights regarding the response of the AP600 safety systems to the postulated accident are derived from calculations performed with the TRAC-PFl/MOD2 code. However, complementary insights derived from a scaled experiment conducted in the ROSA facility, as well as insights based upon calculations by other codes, are also presented. The key processes occurring in an AP600 during a IBLOCA are primary coolant system depressurization, inventory depletion, inventory replacement via emergency core coolant injection, continuous core cooling, and long-term decay heat rejection to the atmosphere. Based upon the calculated and experimental results, the AP600 will not experience a core heat up and will reach a safe shutdown state using only safety-class equipment. Only the early part of the long-term cooling period initiated by In-containment Refueling Water Storage Tank injection was evaluated Thus, the observation that the core is continuously cooled should be verified for the latter phase of the long-term cooling period, the interval when sump injection and containment cooling processes are important.

Boyack, B.E.; Lime, J.F.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Guide: a graphics-utilizing input deck editor program for the RELAP5/MOD2 thermal-hydraulic code  

SciTech Connect

Inherent to modern-day analysis of thermal systems for nuclear power plants is the extensive use of thermal-hydraulic codes, such as TRAC, RETRAN, RELAP5/MOD2, etc., that quantitatively model individual components and their connectivity to represent a thermal-hydraulic system. The application of these codes is essential in the areas of design, safety, research and development, and operation and maintenance. Results can give detailed information on plant conditions during operational and accident situations, thus giving system analysis a better understanding of plant conditions and insights and improvements. Considering the complexity inherent in these systems, the codes that model these systems are similarly very involved; likewise, using these codes requires the creation of a large data input deck, which can take as much as a year to create and modify for correction. To make this job easier, a preprocessor for the code could be developed that would make the job of creating an input deck more one of providing the information the code needs rather than researching the manuals to ensure that you have provided all the necessary information to the code. This program would also be instrumental in making quick changes that may be necessary to correct a model. Guide, an advanced prototype preprocessor program for the RELAP5/MOD2 code, is a code developed to demonstrate the potential of these ideas and research other methods for aiding thermal-hydraulic code input deck developers.

Martin, R.P.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

08_GENERAL_MOTORS_CORP_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_Under_.pdf 08_GENERAL_MOTORS_CORP_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_Under_.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_04_045_AIR_PRODUCTS_AND_CHEMICALS_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_1995_020_PRAXAIR_INC_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Paten.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_05_060_SHELL_SOLAR_INDUSTRIES_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_fore.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_05_032_HONEYWELL_INTERNATIONAL_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Fro.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_04_016_MACK_TRUCKS_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_under_NREL_Sub.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_03_032_RWE_SCHOTT_SOLAR_INC_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_Under.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_02_054_ADVANCED_TECHNLOGY_MATERIALS_Waiver_of_Domestic_an.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_99_001_ALUMINUM_COMPANY_OF_AMERICA-ALCOA_Waiver_of_Patent.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_1994_006_PENNSYLVANIA_ELECTRIC_COMPANY_Waiver_of_Domestic.pdf previous

215

Dynamism in the solar core  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent results of a mixed shell model heated asymmetrically by transient increases in nuclear burning indicate the transient generation of small hot spots inside the Sun somewhere between 0.1 and 0.2 solar radii. These hot bubbles are followed by a nonlinear differential equation system with finite amplitude non-homologous perturbations which is solved in a solar model. Our results show the possibility of a direct connection between the dynamic phenomena of the solar core and the atmospheric activity. Namely, an initial heating about DQ_0 ~ 10^{31}-10^{37} ergs can be enough for a bubble to reach the outer convective zone. Our calculations show that a hot bubble can arrive into subphotospheric regions with DQ_final ~ 10^{28} - 10^{34} ergs with a high speed, up to 10 km s-1, approaching the local sound speed. We point out that the developing sonic boom transforms the shock front into accelerated particle beam injected upwards into the top of loop carried out by the hot bubble above its forefront traveling fro...

Grandpierre, Attila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Integrated Nucleosynthesis in Neutrino Driven Winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although they are but a small fraction of the mass ejected in core-collapse supernovae, neutrino-driven winds (NDWs) from nascent proto-neutron stars (PNSs) have the potential to contribute significantly to supernova nucleosynthesis. In previous works, the NDW has been implicated as a possible source of r-process and light p-process isotopes. In this paper we present time-dependent hydrodynamic calculations of nucleosynthesis in the NDW which include accurate weak interaction physics coupled to a full nuclear reaction network. Using two published models of PNS neutrino luminosities, we predict the contribution of the NDW to the integrated nucleosynthetic yield of the entire supernova. For the neutrino luminosity histories considered, no true r-process occurs in the most basic scenario. The wind driven from an older $1.4 M_\\odot$ model for a PNS is moderately neutron-rich at late times however, and produces $^{87}$Rb, $^{88}$Sr, $^{89}$Y, and $^{90}$Zr in near solar proportions relative to oxygen. The wind fro...

Roberts, L F; Hoffman, R D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Spray cooling heat-transfer with subcooled trichlorotrifluoroethane (Freon-113) for vertical constant heat flux surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were done using subcooled Freon-113 sprayed vertically downward. Local and average heat transfers were investigated fro Freon-113 sprays with 40 C subcooling, droplet sizes 200-1250{mu}m, and droplet breakup velocities 5-29 m/s. Full-cone type nozzles were used to generate the spray. Test assemblies consisted of 1 to 6 7.62 cm vertical constant heat flux surfaces parallel with each other and aligned horizontally. Distance between heated surfaces was varied from 6.35 to 76.2 mm. Steady state heat fluxes as high as 13 W/cm{sup 2} were achieved. Dependence on the surface distance from axial centerline of the spray was found. For surfaces sufficiently removed from centerline, local and average heat transfers were identical and correlated by a power relation of the form seen for normal-impact sprays which involves the Weber number, a nondimensionalized temperature difference, and a mass flux parameter. For surfaces closer to centerline, the local heat transfer depended on vertical location on the surface while the average heat transfer was described by a semi-log correlation involving the same parameters. The heat transfer was independent of the distance (gap) between the heated surfaces for the gaps investigated.

Kendall, C.M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Holman, J.P. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1996-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

218

New fluorocarbon elastomers for seals for geothermal and other aggressive environments. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Saturated ethyllenic elastomers having a range of methyl group substitution, and a range of partial fluorine substitution were screened. Elastomers based on vinylidene fluoride hexafluoropropylene (VDFHFP) and those based on tetrafluoroethylenepropylene (TFEP) (alternating) were successfully cross-linked by electron-beam radiation and fluorinated to yield elastomeric products, but those based on ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) elastomer became brittle after fluorination. The best products were evaluated using tensile strength, elongation at break, solvent swelling, thermogravimetric analysis and infrared. A wide range of carbon-black filled compositions using the TFEP elastomer were cross-linked. The compositions were then fluorinated at or near room temperature for extended periods of time. After fluorination the samples were subjected to geothermal brine at 300/sup 0/C. The best carbon-black filled composition again lasted at least 100 days in the geothermal brine. This filler-elastomer composition was chosen for use in the production of 0-rings. The 0-rings were produced by compression molding using a 30 ton hydraulic press. Various sizes of 0-rings were produced ranging fro 0.8 to 2.0 inches in diameter and from 1/16 to 3/16 inches in width. The final 0-rings were cross-linked at 40 Mrad and fluorinated under the optimized conditions developed for the samples.

Lagow, R.J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The Concept of Comonotonicity in Actuarial Science and Finance: Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an insurance c o text,o ne isoB interested in thedistributio functio o a sum o rando variables. Such a sum appears when coBBthe aggregate claimso f an insurance po rtfo o ver a certain reference perio d. Italso appears when coBdisco ted payments related to a single po licyo a poBat di#erent future po ints in time. Theassumptio o mutual independence between the coB oB ts o the sum is very co venient fro a coB- po int o view, butsoB no a realistico ne. In The Concept of Comonotonicity in Actuarial Science and Finance: Theory, we determined appro ximatio fo sumso f rando variables, when thedistributio o f the coB oB ts are kno wn, but thesto chastic dependence structure between them isunkno wn oto o cumberso to wo rk with. Practical applicatio o f thistheo will becoBin this paper. o. papers are to a large extent ano verviewo recent research resultsos tained by theautho butalso newtheoBand practical results are presented. 1

J. Dhaene; M. Denuit; M.J. Goovaerts; R. Kaas; D. Vyncke

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Heterogeneous catalytic process for alcohol fuels from syngas. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary objective of this project has been the pursuit of a catalyst system which would allow the selective production from syngas of methanol and isobutanol. It is desirable to develop a process in which the methanol to isobutanol weight ratio could be varied from 70/30 to 30/70. The 70/30 mixture could be used directly as a fuel additive, while, with the appropriate downstream processing, the 30/70 mixture could be utilized for methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) synthesis. The indirect manufacture of MTBE from a coal derived syngas to methanol and isobutanol process would appear to be a viable solution to MTBE feedstock limitations. To become economically attractive, a process fro producing oxygenates from coal-derived syngas must form these products with high selectivity and good rates, and must be capable of operating with a low-hydrogen-content syngas. This was to be accomplished through extensions of known catalyst systems and by the rational design of novel catalyst systems.

Dombek, B.D.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "trac ting fro" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Laconia, New Hampshire Bottom, Ashi Paving Project. Volume 1: Environmental testing report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bottom ash is the principal waste stream fro m the combustion of municipal solid waste (MSW). It is comprised of grate ash (97%), the slag material discharged at the end of the grate system and grate sffting (3%), the material that melts or falls through the grate structure. This project was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of using municipal solid waste grate ash as an aggregate substitute in the construction of a pavement binder course for a portion of Rt. 3 in Laconia, New Hampshire. The research was conducted over a two year period during 1993 and 1994. This study is the culmination of an earlier two year characterization study between 1990 and 1992 that documented the physical and environmental characteristics of the bottom ash as it was produced at the Concord, N.H. waste-to-energy (WTE) facility and used in an asphaltic binder course. Together, these two studies provide a complete evaluation of the potential for using grate ash or bottom ash in asphalt binder course or as recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) in base courses in pavements.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Assessment of the reflood oxidation models in SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3.1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Reflooding of a hot damaged core following the start of a severe accident can lead to significant increases in the heating, melting, and oxidation of the core prior to the termination of the accident. These effects have been observed in bundle heating and melting experiments terminated by the addition of water and are postulated to have had a major impact on the accident progression in the TMI-2 accident. Although the detailed mechanisms for the processes are not completely understood, new SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3.1e models, describing the cracking /spalling of oxidized fuel rod cladding during reflood, and the resulting oxidation of the underlying Zircaloy and relocating liquefied U-Zr-O, provide a reasonable estimate of the experimentally-observed bundle temperatures, hydrogen production, and changes in bundle geometry. This paper provides a brief description of the new models, selected highlights from code-to-data comparisons, and selected results from a recent set of calculations fro TMI-2 using the new models. The potential impact of these new models on other plant calculations is discussed in the concluding portion of this paper.

Hohorst, J.K.; Allison, C.M.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

ERIP application instructions  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

Watt, D.M.

1992-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

226

Hazards and accident analyses, an integrated approach, for the Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an integrated approach to perform hazards and accident analyses for the Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory. A comprehensive hazards analysis methodology was developed that extends the scope of the preliminary/process hazard analysis methods described in the AIChE Guidelines for Hazard Evaluations. Results fro the semi-quantitative approach constitute a full spectrum of hazards. For each accident scenario identified, there is a binning assigned for the event likelihood and consequence severity. In addition, each accident scenario is analyzed for four possible sectors (workers, on-site personnel, public, and environment). A screening process was developed to link the hazard analysis to the accident analysis. Specifically the 840 accident scenarios were screened down to about 15 accident scenarios for a more through deterministic analysis to define the operational safety envelope. The mechanics of the screening process in the selection of final scenarios for each representative accident category, i.e., fire, explosion, criticality, and spill, is described.

Pan, P.Y.; Goen, L.K.; Letellier, B.C.; Sasser, M.K.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The Strengths of Near-Infrared Absorption Features Relevant to Interstellar and Planetary Ices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The abundances of ices in planetary environments have historically been obtained through measurements of near-infrared absorption features (lambda = 1.0-2.5 microns), and near-IR transmission measurements of materials present in the interstellar medium are becoming more common. For transmission measurements, the band strength (or absorption intensity) of an absorption feature must be known in order to determine the column density of an ice component. In the experiments presented here, we have measured the band strengths of the near-IR absorption features for several molecules relevant to the study of interstellar icy grain mantles and icy planetary bodies: CO (carbon monoxide), CO2 (carbon dioxide), C3O2 (carbon suboxide), CH4 (methane), H2O (water), CH3OH (methanol), and NH3 (ammonia). During a vacuum deposition, the sizes of the near-IR features were correlated with that of a studied mid-IR feature whose strength is well known from previous ice studies. These data may be used to determine ice abundances fro...

Gerakines, P A; Davis, A; Richey, C R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors Title Deep carbon reductions in California require electrification and integration across economic sectors Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, J. Greenblatt, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, Christopher M. Jones, James E. McMahon, and Daniel M. Kammen Journal Environmental Research Letters Volume 8 Issue 1 Abstract Meeting a greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target of 80% below 1990 levels in the year 2050 requires detailed long-term planning due to complexity, inertia, and path dependency in the energy system. A detailed investigation of supply and demand alternatives is conducted to assess requirements for future California energy systems that can meet the 2050 GHG target. Two components are developed here that build novel analytic capacity and extend previous studies: (1) detailed bottom-up projections of energy demand across the building, industry and transportation sectors; and (2) a high-resolution variable renewable resource capacity planning model (SWITCH) that minimizes the cost of electricity while meeting GHG policy goals in the 2050 timeframe. Multiple pathways exist to a low-GHG future, all involving increased efficiency, electrification, and a dramatic shift from fossil fuels to low-GHG energy. The electricity system is found to have a diverse, cost-effective set of options that meet aggressive GHG reduction targets. This conclusion holds even with increased demand from transportation and heating, but the optimal levels of wind and solar deployment depend on the temporal characteristics of the resulting load profile. Long-term policy support is found to be a key missing element for the successful attainment of the 2050 GHG target in California.

229

FLOWTRAN-TF software design  

SciTech Connect

FLOWTRAN-TF was created to analyze an individual Mk22 fuel assembly during a large break Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) scenario involving the Savannah River Site K-reactor after the initial few seconds of the transient. During the initial few seconds reactor cooling is limited by the static or Ledinegg flow instability phenomenon. The predecessor FLOWTRAN code was developed to analyze this portion of a LOCA. In the several seconds following the break, a significant fraction of the reactor coolant inventory leaks out the break, Emergency Cooling System (ECS) flow is initiated, and air enters the primary coolant circulation loops. Reactor fuel assemblies are cooled by a low flowrate air-water downflow. Existing commercial nuclear industry thermal-hydraulic codes were judged inadequate for detailed modeling of a Mk22 fuel assembly because the application involves a ribbed annular geometry, low pressure, downflow and an air-water mixture. FLOWTRAN-TF is a two-phase thermal-hydraulics code of similar technology to existing commercial codes such as RELAP and TRAC but customized for Savannah River Site applications. The main features and capabilities of FLOWTRAN-TF are detailed Mk22 fuel assembly ribbed annular geometry; conjugate heat transfer; detailed neutronic power distribution; three-dimensional heat conduction in Mk22 fuel and target tubes; two-dimensional coolant flow in channels (axial, azimuthal); single-phase and/or two-phase fluid (gas, liquid and/or gas-liquid); two-component (air, water); constitutive models applicable to low pressure air-water downflow in ribbed annular channels. The design of FLOWTRAN-TF is described in detail in this report which serves as the Software Design Report in accordance with Quality Assurance Procedure IV-4, Rev. 0 Software Design and Implementation'' in the 1Q34 manual.

Aleman, S.E.; Flach, G.P.; Hamm, L.L.; Lee, S.Y.; Smith, F.G. III.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

FLOWTRAN-TF software design  

SciTech Connect

FLOWTRAN-TF was created to analyze an individual Mk22 fuel assembly during a large break Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) scenario involving the Savannah River Site K-reactor after the initial few seconds of the transient. During the initial few seconds reactor cooling is limited by the static or Ledinegg flow instability phenomenon. The predecessor FLOWTRAN code was developed to analyze this portion of a LOCA. In the several seconds following the break, a significant fraction of the reactor coolant inventory leaks out the break, Emergency Cooling System (ECS) flow is initiated, and air enters the primary coolant circulation loops. Reactor fuel assemblies are cooled by a low flowrate air-water downflow. Existing commercial nuclear industry thermal-hydraulic codes were judged inadequate for detailed modeling of a Mk22 fuel assembly because the application involves a ribbed annular geometry, low pressure, downflow and an air-water mixture. FLOWTRAN-TF is a two-phase thermal-hydraulics code of similar technology to existing commercial codes such as RELAP and TRAC but customized for Savannah River Site applications. The main features and capabilities of FLOWTRAN-TF are detailed Mk22 fuel assembly ribbed annular geometry; conjugate heat transfer; detailed neutronic power distribution; three-dimensional heat conduction in Mk22 fuel and target tubes; two-dimensional coolant flow in channels (axial, azimuthal); single-phase and/or two-phase fluid (gas, liquid and/or gas-liquid); two-component (air, water); constitutive models applicable to low pressure air-water downflow in ribbed annular channels. The design of FLOWTRAN-TF is described in detail in this report which serves as the Software Design Report in accordance with Quality Assurance Procedure IV-4, Rev. 0 ``Software Design and Implementation`` in the 1Q34 manual.

Aleman, S.E.; Flach, G.P.; Hamm, L.L.; Lee, S.Y.; Smith, F.G. III

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A phenomenological model of the thermal-hydraulics of convective boiling during the quenching of hot rod bundles: Part 2, Assessment of the model with steady-state and transient post-CHF data  

SciTech Connect

After completing the thermal-hydraulic model developed in a companion paper, we performed assessment calculations of the model using steady-state and transient post-critical heat flux (CHF) data. This paper discusses the results of those calculations. The hot-patch model, in conjunction with the other thermal-hydraulic models, was capable of modeling the Winfrith post-CHF hot-patch experiments. The hot-patch model kept the wall temperatures at the specified levels in the hot-patch regions and did not allow any quench-front propagation from either the bottom or the top of the test section. Among the four Winfrith runs selected to assess the hot-patch model, the average deviation in hot-patch power predictions was 15.4%, indicating reasonable predictions of the amount of energy transferred to the fluid by the hot patch. The interfacial heat-transfer model tended to slightly under-predict the vapor temperatures. The maximum difference between calculated and measured vapor superheats was 20%, with a 10% difference for the remainder of the runs considered. The wall-to-fluid heat transfer was predicted reasonably well, and the predicted wall superheats were in reasonable agreement with measured data with a maximum relative error of less than 13%. The effects of pressure, test section power, and flow rate on the axial variation of tube wall temperature are predicted reasonably well for a large range of operating parameters. A comparison of the predicted and measured local wall. The thermal-hydraulic model in TRAC/PF1-MOD2 was used to predict the axial variation of void fraction as measured in Winfrith post-CHF tests. The predictions for reflood calculations were reasonable. The model correctly predicted the trends in void fraction as a result of the effect of pressure and power, with the effect of pressure being more apparent than that of power. 13 refs.

Unal, C.; Nelson, R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A phenomenological model of the thermal-hydraulics of convective boiling during the quenching of hot rod bundles: Part 2, Assessment of the model with steady-state and transient post-CHF data  

SciTech Connect

After completing the thermal-hydraulic model developed in a companion paper, we performed assessment calculations of the model using steady-state and transient post-critical heat flux (CHF) data. This paper discusses the results of those calculations. The hot-patch model, in conjunction with the other thermal-hydraulic models, was capable of modeling the Winfrith post-CHF hot-patch experiments. The hot-patch model kept the wall temperatures at the specified levels in the hot-patch regions and did not allow any quench-front propagation from either the bottom or the top of the test section. Among the four Winfrith runs selected to assess the hot-patch model, the average deviation in hot-patch power predictions was 15.4%, indicating reasonable predictions of the amount of energy transferred to the fluid by the hot patch. The interfacial heat-transfer model tended to slightly under-predict the vapor temperatures. The maximum difference between calculated and measured vapor superheats was 20%, with a 10% difference for the remainder of the runs considered. The wall-to-fluid heat transfer was predicted reasonably well, and the predicted wall superheats were in reasonable agreement with measured data with a maximum relative error of less than 13%. The effects of pressure, test section power, and flow rate on the axial variation of tube wall temperature are predicted reasonably well for a large range of operating parameters. A comparison of the predicted and measured local wall. The thermal-hydraulic model in TRAC/PF1-MOD2 was used to predict the axial variation of void fraction as measured in Winfrith post-CHF tests. The predictions for reflood calculations were reasonable. The model correctly predicted the trends in void fraction as a result of the effect of pressure and power, with the effect of pressure being more apparent than that of power. 13 refs.

Unal, C.; Nelson, R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

A phenomenological model of the thermal hydraulics of convective boiling during the quenching of hot rod bundles  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a phenomenological model of the thermal hydraulics of convective boiling in the post-critical-heat-flux (post-CHF) regime is developed and discussed. The model was implemented in the TRAC-PF1/MOD2 computer code (an advanced best-estimate computer program written for the analysis of pressurized water reactor systems). The model was built around the determination of flow regimes downstream of the quench front. The regimes were determined from the flow-regime map suggested by Ishii and his coworkers. Heat transfer in the transition boiling region was formulated as a position-dependent model. The propagation of the CHF point was strongly dependent on the length of the transition boiling region. Wall-to-fluid film boiling heat transfer was considered to consist of two components: first, a wall-to-vapor convective heat-transfer portion and, second, a wall-to-liquid heat transfer representing near-wall effects. Each contribution was considered separately in each of the inverted annular flow (IAF) regimes. The interfacial heat transfer was also formulated as flow-regime dependent. The interfacial drag coefficient model upstream of the CHF point was considered to be similar to flow through a roughened pipe. A free-stream contribution was calculated using Ishii's bubbly flow model for either fully developed subcooled or saturated nucleate boiling. For the drag in the smooth IAF region, a simple smooth-tube correlation for the interfacial friction factor was used. The drag coefficient for the rough-wavy IAF was formulated in the same way as for the smooth IAF model except that the roughness parameter was assumed to be proportional to liquid droplet diameter entrained from the wavy interface. The drag coefficient in the highly dispersed flow regime considered the combined effects of the liquid droplets within the channel and a liquid film on wet unheated walls. 431 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

Nelson, R.A.; Unal, C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

High Capacity Network Link Emulation Using Network Processors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network link emulation constitutes an important part of network emulation, wherein links in the topology are emulated to subject the network tra#c to di#erent bandwidths, latencies, packet loss distributions, and queuing models. Increasingly, experimenters are creating topologies with substantial emulation bandwidths; contributed both by a large number of low-speed links and a small number of high-speed links. It is a significant challenge for a link emulator to meet this requirement in real time. Existing solutions for link emulation use general-purpose PC-class machines; the well-understood hardware and software PC platform make it attractive for quick implementation and easy deployment. A PC architecture is largely optimized for compute bound applications with large amounts of exploitable instruction-level parallelism (ILP) and good memory reference locality. Networking applications, on the other hand, have little ILP and instead exhibit a coarser packet-level parallelism. In this thesis, we propose using network processors for building high capacity link emulators. Network processors are programmable processors that employ a multithreaded, multiprocessor architecture to exploit packet-level parallelism, and have instruction sets and hardware support geared towards e#cient implementation of common networking tasks. To evaluate our proposal, we have designed and implemented a link emulator, LinkEM, on the IXP1200 network processor. We present the design and a mapping of LinkEM's tasks across the multiple microengines and hardware threads of the IXP1200. We also give a detailed evaluation of LinkEM, which includes validating its emulation accuracy, and measuring its emulation throughput and link multiplexing capacity. Our evaluation shows that LinkEM has a factor of be...

Abhijeet A. Joglekar; Abhijeet A. Joglekar; Abhijeet A. Joglekar; John Carter; John Regehr; Date Jay Lepreau; David S. Chapman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Communication synthesis of networks-on-chip (NoC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emergence of networks-on-chip (NoC) as the communication infrastructure solution for complex multi-core SoCs presents communication synthesis challenges. This dissertation addresses the design and run-time management aspects of communication synthesis. Design reuse and the infeasibility of Intellectual Property (IP) core interface redesign, requires the development of a Core-Network Interface (CNI) which allows them to communicate over the on-chip network. The absence of intelligence amongst the NoC components, entails the introduction of a CNI capable of not only providing basic packetization and depacketization, but also other essential services such as reliability, power management, reconguration and test support. A generic CNI architecture providing these services for NoCs is proposed and evaluated in this dissertation. Rising on-chip communication power costs and reliability concerns due to these, motivate the development of a peak power management technique that is both scalable to dierent NoCs and adaptable to varying trac congurations. A scalable and adaptable peak power management technique - SAPP - is proposed and demonstrated. Latency and throughput improvements observed with SAPP demonstrate its superiority over existing techniques. Increasing design complexity make prediction of design lifetimes dicult. Post SoC deployment, an on-line health monitoring scheme, is essential to maintain con- dence in the correct operation of on-chip cores. The rising design complexity and IP core test costs makes non-concurrent testing of the IP cores infeasible. An on-line scheme capable of managing IP core test in the presence of executing applications is essential. Such a scheme ensures application performance and system power budgets are eciently managed. This dissertation proposes Concurrent On-Line Test (COLT) for NoC-based systems and demonstrates how a robust implementation of COLT using a Test Infrastructure-IP (TI-IP) can be used to maintain condence in the correct operation of the SoC.

Bhojwani, Praveen Sunder

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Communication synthesis of networks-on-chip (noc)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emergence of networks-on-chip (NoC) as the communication infrastructure solution for complex multi-core SoCs presents communication synthesis challenges. This dissertation addresses the design and run-time management aspects of communication synthesis. Design reuse and the infeasibility of Intellectual Property (IP) core interface redesign, requires the development of a Core-Network Interface (CNI) which allows them to communicate over the on-chip network. The absence of intelligence amongst the NoC components, entails the introduction of a CNI capable of not only providing basic packetization and depacketization, but also other essential services such as reliability, power management, reconguration and test support. A generic CNI architecture providing these services for NoCs is proposed and evaluated in this dissertation. Rising on-chip communication power costs and reliability concerns due to these, motivate the development of a peak power management technique that is both scalable to dierent NoCs and adaptable to varying trac congurations. A scalable and adaptable peak power management technique - SAPP - is proposed and demonstrated. Latency and throughput improvements observed with SAPP demonstrate its superiority over existing techniques. Increasing design complexity make prediction of design lifetimes dicult. Post SoC deployment, an on-line health monitoring scheme, is essential to maintain con- dence in the correct operation of on-chip cores. The rising design complexity and IP core test costs makes non-concurrent testing of the IP cores infeasible. An on-line scheme capable of managing IP core test in the presence of executing applications is essential. Such a scheme ensures application performance and system power budgets are eciently managed. This dissertation proposes Concurrent On-Line Test (COLT) for NoC-based systems and demonstrates how a robust implementation of COLT using a Test Infrastructure-IP (TI-IP) can be used to maintain condence in the correct operation of the SoC.

Bhojwani, Praveen Sunder

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Measured electric hot water standby and demand loads from Pacific Northwest homes. End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration began the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) in 1983 to obtain metered hourly end-use consumption data for a large sample of new and existing residential and commercial buildings in the Pacific Northwest. Loads and load shapes from the first 3 years of data fro each of several ELCAP residential studies representing various segments of the housing population have been summarized by Pratt et al. The analysis reported here uses the ELCAP data to investigate in much greater detail the relationship of key occupant and tank characteristics to the consumption of electricity for water heating. The hourly data collected provides opportunities to understand electricity consumption for heating water and to examine assumptions about water heating that are critical to load forecasting and conservation resource assessments. Specific objectives of this analysis are to: (A) determine the current baseline for standby heat losses by determining the standby heat loss of each hot water tank in the sample, (B) examine key assumptions affecting standby heat losses such as hot water temperatures and tank sizes and locations, (C) estimate, where possible, impacts on standby heat losses by conservation measures such as insulating tank wraps, pipe wraps, anticonvection valves or traps, and insulating bottom boards, (D) estimate the EF-factors used by the federal efficiency standards and the nominal R-values of the tanks in the sample, (E) develop estimates of demand for hot water for each home in the sample by subtracting the standby load from the total hot water load, (F) examine the relationship between the ages and number of occupants and the hot water demand, (G) place the standby and demand components of water heating electricity consumption in perspective with the total hot water load and load shape.

Pratt, R.G.; Ross, B.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Measured electric hot water standby and demand loads from Pacific Northwest homes  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration began the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) in 1983 to obtain metered hourly end-use consumption data for a large sample of new and existing residential and commercial buildings in the Pacific Northwest. Loads and load shapes from the first 3 years of data fro each of several ELCAP residential studies representing various segments of the housing population have been summarized by Pratt et al. The analysis reported here uses the ELCAP data to investigate in much greater detail the relationship of key occupant and tank characteristics to the consumption of electricity for water heating. The hourly data collected provides opportunities to understand electricity consumption for heating water and to examine assumptions about water heating that are critical to load forecasting and conservation resource assessments. Specific objectives of this analysis are to: (A) determine the current baseline for standby heat losses by determining the standby heat loss of each hot water tank in the sample, (B) examine key assumptions affecting standby heat losses such as hot water temperatures and tank sizes and locations, (C) estimate, where possible, impacts on standby heat losses by conservation measures such as insulating tank wraps, pipe wraps, anticonvection valves or traps, and insulating bottom boards, (D) estimate the EF-factors used by the federal efficiency standards and the nominal R-values of the tanks in the sample, (E) develop estimates of demand for hot water for each home in the sample by subtracting the standby load from the total hot water load, (F) examine the relationship between the ages and number of occupants and the hot water demand, (G) place the standby and demand components of water heating electricity consumption in perspective with the total hot water load and load shape.

Pratt, R.G.; Ross, B.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

DOE/EV-0005/4 UC-70  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

I . I . )) ;i ' " .zf DOE/EV-0005/4 UC-70 hbj ;(:> Formerly Utilized MED/AEC Sites Remedial Action Program Radiological Surrey of the Ashland Oil Company (Former Haist Property), Tonawanda, New York May 1878 Final Report Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Environment Division of Environmental Control Technology Washington, D.C. 20545 Under Contract No. W-7405-ENG-26 BY Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 * . . - - . 1 - - . . . _ _ - - - - - _ _ P R E F A C E T h i s s e ri e s o f re p o rts re s u l ts fro m a p ro g ra m i n i ti a te d i n 1 9 7 4 b y th e A to m i c E n e rg y C o m m i s s i o n ( A E C ) fo r d e te rm i n a ti o n o f th e c o n d i ti o n o f s i te s fo rm e rl y u ti l i z e d b y th e M a n h a tta n E n g i n e e ri n g D i s tri c t (M E D ) a n d th e A E C fo r w o rk i n v o l v i n g th e h a n d l i n g o f ra

240

I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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241

v \\...J\\..t,J.I...LJ",L,.,I.. v '\\J \\,.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tnls document was prepared as an a~Cfro...n the Office of Sc:;entilic md Technical InfQllflllUOn

J. H. Eto; M. M. Moezzi; Joseph H. Eto; Mithra M. Moezzi

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Report on the planning workshop on cost-effective ceramic machining. Ceramic Technology Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A workshop on ``Cost Effective Ceramic Machining`` (CECM) was held at Oak Ridge Associated Universities Pollard Auditorium, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, May 1991. The purpose of this workshop was to present a preliminary project plan for industry critique and to identify specific components and cost-reduction targets for a new project on Cost Effective Ceramic Machining. The CECM project is an extension of the work on the Ceramic Technology for Advanced Heat Engines (CTAHE) Program sponsored by the Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Materials. The workshop consisted of fifteen invited papers, discussions, a survey of the attendee`s opinions, and a tour of the High Temperature Materials Laboratory at ORNL. The total number of registrants was sixty-seven, including thirty-three from industry or private sector organizations, seven from universities, three from industry groups, fourteen from DOE laboratories (including ORNL, Y-12, and Lawrence Livermore Laboratory), three from trade associations, and three from other government organizations. Forty- one survey forms, which critiqued the proposed project plan, were completed by attendees, and the results are presented in this report. Valves, cam roller followers, water pump seals, and diesel engine head plates were rated highest fro application of ceramic machining concepts to reduce cost. Coarse grinding, abrasives and wheel technology, and fine grinding were most highly rated as regards their impact on cost reduction. Specific cost-reduction targets for given parts varied greatly in the survey results and were not felt to be useful for the purposes for the CECM plan development. A range of individual comments were obtained and are listed in an appendix. As a result of the workshop and subsequent discussions, a modified project plan, different in certain aspects from the original CECM plan, has been developed.

Blau, P.J.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Report on the planning workshop on cost-effective ceramic machining  

SciTech Connect

A workshop on Cost Effective Ceramic Machining'' (CECM) was held at Oak Ridge Associated Universities Pollard Auditorium, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, May 1991. The purpose of this workshop was to present a preliminary project plan for industry critique and to identify specific components and cost-reduction targets for a new project on Cost Effective Ceramic Machining. The CECM project is an extension of the work on the Ceramic Technology for Advanced Heat Engines (CTAHE) Program sponsored by the Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Materials. The workshop consisted of fifteen invited papers, discussions, a survey of the attendee's opinions, and a tour of the High Temperature Materials Laboratory at ORNL. The total number of registrants was sixty-seven, including thirty-three from industry or private sector organizations, seven from universities, three from industry groups, fourteen from DOE laboratories (including ORNL, Y-12, and Lawrence Livermore Laboratory), three from trade associations, and three from other government organizations. Forty- one survey forms, which critiqued the proposed project plan, were completed by attendees, and the results are presented in this report. Valves, cam roller followers, water pump seals, and diesel engine head plates were rated highest fro application of ceramic machining concepts to reduce cost. Coarse grinding, abrasives and wheel technology, and fine grinding were most highly rated as regards their impact on cost reduction. Specific cost-reduction targets for given parts varied greatly in the survey results and were not felt to be useful for the purposes for the CECM plan development. A range of individual comments were obtained and are listed in an appendix. As a result of the workshop and subsequent discussions, a modified project plan, different in certain aspects from the original CECM plan, has been developed.

Blau, P.J.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Application of the Evacuated Canister System for Removing Residual Molten Glass From the West Valley Demonstration Project High-Level Waste Melter  

SciTech Connect

The principal mission of the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) is to meet a series of objectives defined in the West Valley Demonstration Project Act (Public Law 96-368). Chief among these is the objective to solidify liquid high-level waste (HLW) at the WVDP site into a form suitable for disposal in a federal geologic repository. In 1982, the Secretary of Energy formally selected vitrification as the technology to be used to solidify HLW at the WVDP. One of the first steps in meeting the HLW solidification objective involved designing, constructing and operating the Vitrification (Vit) Facility, the WVDP facility that houses the systems and subsystems used to process HLW into stainless steel canisters of borosilicate waste-glass that satisfy waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for disposal in a federal geologic repository. HLW processing and canister production began in 1996. The final step in meeting the HLW solidification objective involved ending Vit system operations and shut ting down the Vit Facility. This was accomplished by conducting a discrete series of activities to remove as much residual material as practical from the primary process vessels, components, and associated piping used in HLW canister production before declaring a formal end to Vit system operations. Flushing was the primary method used to remove residual radioactive material from the vitrification system. The inventory of radioactivity contained within the entire primary processing system diminished by conducting the flushing activities. At the completion of flushing activities, the composition of residual molten material remaining in the melter (the primary system component used in glass production) consisted of a small quantity of radioactive material and large quantities of glass former materials needed to produce borosilicate waste-glass. A special system developed during the pre-operational and testing phase of Vit Facility operation, the Evacuated Canister System (ECS), was deployed at the West Valley Demonstration Project to remove this radioactively dilute, residual molten material from the melter before Vit system operations were brought to a formal end. The ECS consists of a stainless steel canister of the same size and dimensions as a standard HLW canister that is equipped with a special L-shaped snorkel assembly made of 304L stainless steel. Both the canister and snorkel assembly fit into a stainless steel cage that allows the entire canister assembly to be positioned over the melter as molten glass is drawn out by a vacuum applied to the canister. This paper describes the process used to prepare and apply the ECS to complete molten glass removal before declaring a formal end to Vit system operations and placing the Vit Facility into a safe standby mode awaiting potential deactivation.

May, Joseph J.; Dombrowski, David J.; Valenti, Paul J.; Houston, Helene M.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

245

Essays on empirical time series modeling with causality and structural change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, three related issues of building empirical time series models for financial markets are investigated with respect to contemporaneous causality, dynamics, and structural change. In the first essay, nation-wide industry information transmission among stock returns of ten sectors in the U.S. economy is examined through the Directed Acyclical Graph (DAG) for contemporaneous causality and Bernanke decomposition for dynamics. The evidence shows that the information technology sector is the most root cause sector. Test results show that DAG from ex ante forecast innovations is consistent with the DAG fro m ex post fit innovations. This supports innovation accounting based on DAGs using ex post innovations. In the second essay, the contemporaneous/dynamic behaviors of real estate and stock returns are investigated. Selected macroeconomic variables are included in the model to explain recent movements of both returns. During 1971-2004, there was a single structural break in October 1980. A distinct difference in contemporaneous causal structure before and after the break is found. DAG results show that REITs take the role of a causal parent after the break. Innovation accounting shows significantly positive responses of real estate returns due to an initial shock in default risk but insignificant responses of stock returns. Also, a shock in short run interest rates affects real estate returns negatively with significance but does not affect stock returns. In the third essay, a structural change in the volatility of five Asian and U.S. stock markets is examined during the post-liberalization period (1990-2005) in the Asian financial markets, using the Sup LM test. Four Asian financial markets (Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, and Singapore) experienced structural changes. However, test results do not support the existence of structural change in volatility for Thailand and U.S. Also, results show that the Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH) persistent coefficient increases, but the Autoregressive Conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) impact coefficient, implying short run adjustment, decreases in Asian markets. In conclusion, when the econometric model is set up, it is necessary to consider contemporaneous causality and possible structural breaks (changes). The dissertation emphasizes causal inference and structural consistency in econometric modeling. It highlights their importance in discovering contemporaneous/dynamic causal relationships among variables. These characteristics will likely be helpful in generating accurate forecasts.

Kim, Jin Woong

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Development of a High Fidelity System Analysis Code for Generation IV Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional nuclear reactor system analysis codes such as RELAP and TRAC employ an operator split methodology. In this approach, each of the physics (fluid flow, heat conduction and neutron diffusion) is solved separately and the coupling terms are done explicitly. This approach limits accuracy (first order in time at best) and makes the codes slow in running since the explicit coupling imposes stability restrictions on the time step size. These codes have been extensively tested and validated for the existing LWRs. However, for GEN IV nuclear reactor designs which tend to have long lasting transients resulting from passive safety systems, the performance is questionable and modern high fidelity simulation tools will be required. The requirement for accurate predictability is the motivation for a large scale overhaul of all of the models and assumptions in transient nuclear reactor safety simulation software. At INL we have launched an effort with the long term goal of developing a high fidelity system analysis code that employs modern physical models, numerical methods, and computer science for transient safety analysis of GEN IV nuclear reactors. Modern parallel solution algorithms will be employed through utilizing the nonlinear solution software package PETSc developed by Argonne National Laboratory. The physical models to be developed will have physically realistic length scales and time scales. The solution algorithm will be based on the physics-based preconditioned Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov solution methods. In this approach all of the physical models are solved implicitly and simultaneously in a single nonlinear system. This includes the coolant flow, nonlinear heat conduction, neutron kinetics, and thermal radiation, etc. Including modern physical models and accurate space and time discretizations will allow the simulation capability to be second order accurate in space and in time. This paper presents the current status of the development efforts as well as some results from analyzing a simplified primary system model of GNEPs advanced burner test reactor (ABTR) designed by Argonne. Various transient analyses are performed with this simplified ABTR model to study two fundamental issues related to system analysis codes accuracy of numeric algorithm and efficiency. The accuracy study is carried by comparing the second order method with the first order method. The results show that numerical errors in the first order method are large and it is very difficult to distinguish numerical errors from physical modeling errors. On the other hand, second order method yields small numerical errors and it is very easy to spot physical modeling errors. The efficiency study is carried out by comparing the time steps for the fully implicit solution algorithm versus CFL stability limit methods. The dynamic time steps used in a fully implicit method will adjust the time step to resolve the time scale during the various stages of a long lasting transient. This will make a computer code based on fully implicit methods run more efficiently versus a CFL stability limit method code like RELAP, in which a particle of fluid cannot cross a control volume in a single time step.

Hongbin Zhang; Vincent Mousseau; Haihua Zhao

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Search for Associated Chargino-Neutralino Production in Proton-Antiproton Collisions at 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

The search for a fundamental theory of matter and forces in the universe has ever since attracted the interest of physicists. The large success of the gauge theories in the description of low-energy phenomena nourishes the hope that gauge symmetries are the clue to a unified description of all fundamental processes at high energy scales. Particle collision experiments of the past decades have probed the structure of matter with increasing resolution. The phenomena observed in collision experiments at current energy scales are described with a large precision by the Standard Model of particle physics. Nevertheless, many open questions in the Standard Model suggest that it is an effective low-energy theory of a more fundamental theory: the numbers of free parameters of the model, the numbers of generations, the hierarchy between the electroweak scale and the Planck scale, the pending integration of gravity and the evolution of the strengths of the fundamental forces at large energy regimes. In addition, recent cosmological data suggest that the density of ordinary matter which is described by the Standard Model, corresponds only to a small fraction of the matter density in the universe. Many of the above mentioned problems are addressed by an extension of the Standard Model that is based on an additional internal symmetry, the Supersymmetry (SUSY) of fermions and bosons. It predicts the existence of a partner for each known fundamental particle with the same quantum numbers but different spin. Supersymmetry must be broken at the energy regime of present collider experiments which leads to different masses of Standard Model particles and their super-partners. Low-mass supersymmetric partners are expected to be produced at a sufficient rate at present or future collider experiments. In the analysis performed in this thesis, it is assumed that SUSY particles decay into their Standard Model partners and the stable lightest supersymmetric particle, which is only weakly interacting, carrying away energy and momentum and leading to detector signatures with large missing energy. Supersymmetric particles have been searched for at the electron-positron collider LEP up to the kinematic limit. No evidence for these particles has been observed which results in lower limits on their masses. Additional constraints stem from precision measurements of quantities, which are sensitive to corrections from SUSY particles and from the search for dark matter in cosmological experiments. The search for SUSY particles beyond the reach of LEP is continued at larger energy regimes at present and future hadron colliders. In its second phase of data taking (Run II), the center-of-mass energy of the proton-antiproton collider Tevatron at Fermilab has been raised and the luminosity has been increased considerably. The D0 experiment, one of the two Tevatron experiments, has been upgraded accordingly. The Tevatron collider allows to probe a substantial SUSY mass range beyond the LEP limits. The search will be continued at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) which is presently being constructed at the European Research laboratory for particle physics CERN in Geneva. At hadron colliders the supersymmetric partners of quarks and gluons are copiously produced in strong interactions, provided they are light enough. Within most of the established SUSY models, these particles are too heavy to be produced at a sufficient rate at the Tevatron collider and the production of the lighter super-partners of the Higgs and gauge bosons, the charginos and neutralinos, becomes an important source of SUSY particles. Decays of these particles result in final states with leptons or hadrons and large missing energy. Leptonic final states can be separated more easily from the large background of hadronic Standard Model processes. A search for the associated production of the lightest chargino and the second lightest neutralino has been performed in final states with two electrons, an additional lepton and large missing transverse energy using data collected with the D0 detector fro

Blumenschein, Ulla; /Freiburg U.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Application of Bomb Radiocarbon Chronologies to Shortfin Mako (Isurus oxyrinchus)  

SciTech Connect

There is an ongoing disagreement regarding the aging of the shortfin mako due to a difference of interpretation in the periodic deposition of vertebral growth band pairs, especially for the larger size classes. Using analysis of length-month information, tagging data, and length-frequency analysis, concluded that two band pairs were formed in the vertebral centrum every year (biannual band-pair interpretation). Cailliet et al. (1983), however, presented growth parameters based on the common assumption that one band pair forms annually (annual band-pair interpretation). Therefore, growth rates obtained by Pratt & Casey (1983) were twice that of Cailliet et al. (1983) and could lead to age discrepancies of about 15 years for maximum estimated ages on the order of 30 from the annual band-pair interpretation. Serious consequences in the population dynamics could occur for this species if inputs are based on an invalid age interpretation. The latest Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for Highly Migratory Species (HMS), for example, adopted the biannual band pair deposition hypothesis because it apparently fit the observed growth patterns best (Pacific Fishery Management Council 2003). However, the ongoing uncertainty about the aging of the shortfin mako was acknowledged and it was recommended that an endeavor to resolve this issue be made. Since 1983, five additional studies on the age and growth of the shortfin mako have been conducted (Chan 2001, Campana et al. 2002, Hsu 2003, Ribot-Carballal et al. 2005, Bishop et al. 2006). Using Marginal Increment Ratio (MIR), Hsu (2003) indicated the formation of annual translucent bands from July to September in western North Pacific Ocean shortfin makos. Using Marginal Increment Analysis (MIA) Ribot-Carballal et al. (2005) supported the annual band-pair interpretation for 109 shortfin makos collected in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Although the study provided support for annual band-pair deposition, no statistical test was performed and the number of samples for MIA analysis was insufficient for some months. Hence, unequivocal validation of shortfin mako age estimates has yet to be accomplished. Atmospheric testing of thermonuclear devices in the 1950s and 1960s effectively doubled the natural atmospheric radiocarbon ({sup 14}C). The elevated {sup 14}C levels were first recorded in 1957-58, with a peak around 1963. As a consequence, {sup 14}C entered the ocean through gas exchange with the atmosphere at the ocean surface and in terrestrial runoff. Despite variable oceanographic conditions, a worldwide rise of the bomb {sup 14}C signal entered the ocean mixed layer as dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in 1957-58. The large amounts of {sup 14}C released from the bomb tests produced a signature that can be followed through time, throughout the marine food web, and into deeper waters. The marked increase of radiocarbon levels was first measured in the DIC of seawater and in biogenic marine carbonates of hermatypic corals in Florida. Subsequently, this record was documented in corals from other regions and in the thallus of rhodoliths. The accumulation of radiocarbon in the hard parts of most marine organisms in the mixed layer (such as fish otoliths and bivalves) was synchronous with the coral time-series. This technique has been used to validate age estimates and longevity of numerous bony fishes to date, as well as to establish bomb radiocarbon chronologies from different oceans. In the first application of this technique to lamnoid sharks, validated annual band-pair deposition in vertebral growth bands for the porbeagle (Lamna nasus) aged up to 26 years. Radiocarbon values from samples obtained from 15 porbeagle caught in the western North Atlantic Ocean (some of which were known-age) produced a chronology similar in magnitude to the reference carbonate chronology for that region. The observed phase shift of about 3 years was attributed to different sources of carbon between vertebrae and those for otoliths, bivalves and corals. In the same study by Campana et al. (2002), a single vertebra fro

Ardizzone, D; Cailliet, G M; Natanson, L J; Andrews, A H; Kerr, L A; Brown, T A

2007-07-16T23:59:59.000Z