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  1. Comparing Apples to Apples: Benchmarking Electrocatalysts for...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Comparing Apples to Apples: Benchmarking Electrocatalysts for Solar Water-Splitting Devices Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights ...

  2. About APPLE II Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, T.; Zimoch, D.

    2007-01-19

    The operation of an APPLE II based undulator beamline with all its polarization states (linear horizontal and vertical, circular and elliptical, and continous variation of the linear vector) requires an effective description allowing an automated calculation of gap and shift parameter as function of energy and operation mode. The extension of the linear polarization range from 0 to 180 deg. requires 4 shiftable magnet arrrays, permitting use of the APU (adjustable phase undulator) concept. Studies for a pure fixed gap APPLE II for the SLS revealed surprising symmetries between circular and linear polarization modes allowing for simplified operation. A semi-analytical model covering all types of APPLE II and its implementation will be presented.

  3. Apple Strength Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Syn, C

    2009-12-22

    Strength of the apple parts has been noticed to decrease, especially those installed by the new induction heating system since the LEP campaign started. Fig. 1 shows the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS), and elongation of the installed or installation-simulated apples on various systems. One can clearly see the mean values of UTS and YS of the post-LEP parts decreased by about 8 ksi and 6 ksi respectively from those of the pre-LEP parts. The slight increase in elongation seen in Fig.1 can be understood from the weak inverse relationship between the strength and elongation in metals. Fig.2 shows the weak correlation between the YS and elongation of the parts listed in Fig. 1. Strength data listed in Figure 1 were re-plotted as histograms in Figs. 3 and 4. Figs. 3a and 4a show histograms of all UTS and YS data. Figs. 3b and 4b shows histograms of pre-LEP data and Figs. 3c and 4c of post-LEP data. Data on statistical scatter of tensile strengths have been rarely published by material suppliers. Instead, only the minimum 'guaranteed' strength data are typically presented. An example of strength distribution of aluminum 7075-T6 sheet material, listed in Fig. 5, show that its scatter width of both UTS and YS for a single sheet can be about 6 ksi and for multi-lot scatter can be as large as 11 ksi even though the sheets have been produced through well-controlled manufacturing process. By approximating the histograms shown in Figs. 3 and 4 by a Gaussian or similar type of distribution curves, one can plausibly see the strength reductions in the later or more recent apples. The pre-LEP data in Figs. 3b and 4b show wider scatter than the post-LEP data in Figs. 3c and 4c and seem to follow the binomial distribution of strength indicating that the apples might have been made from two different lots of material, either from two different vendors or from two different melts of perhaps slightly different chemical composition by a single vendor. The post

  4. Feasibility of utilizing apple pomace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stapleton, J.

    1983-06-01

    Apple pomace, the solid residue from juice production, is a solid waste problem in the Hudson Valley. This study investigates possibilities for converting it to a resource. The characteristics of the region's apple growing and processing industries are examined at length, including their potential for converting waste biomass. The properties of apple pomace are described. From interviews with Hudson Valley apple processors the following information is presented: quantities of pomace produced; seasonality of production; disposal procedures, costs, and revenues; trends in juice production; and attitudes toward alternatives. Literature research resulted in a list of more than 25 end uses for apple pomace of which eight were selected for analysis. Landfilling, landspreading, composting, animal feed, direct burning, gasification, anaerobic digestion (methane generation), and fermentation (ethanol production) were analyzed with regard to technical availability, regulatory and environmental impact, attitudes toward end use, and energetic and economic feasibility (See Table 19). The study recommends (1) a pilot anaerobic digestion plant be set up, (2) the possibility of extracting methane from the Marlborough landfill be investigated, (3) a study of the mid-Hudson waste conversion potential be conducted, and (4) an education program in alternative waste management be carried out for the region's industrial and agricultural managers.

  5. Connecting your Apple to Octopus 7600's

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, G.W. Jr.

    1983-01-17

    In UCID-19588, Communicating between the Apple and the Wang, we described how to take Apple DOS text files and send them to the Wang, and how to return Wang files to the Apple. It is also possible to use your Apple as an Octopus terminal, and to exchange files with Octopus 7600's. Presumably, you can also talk to the Crays, or any other part of the system. This connection has another virtue. It eliminates one of the terminals in your office.

  6. Energy accounting of apple processing operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romero, R.; Singh, R.P.; Brown, D.

    1981-01-01

    A thermal-energy accounting study was conducted at an apple processing plant. An analysis is given of thermal energy use and thermal efficiencies of an apple-juice single-effect evaporator and an apple-sauce cooker. 3 refs.

  7. V-191: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities V-191: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities July 3, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple has issued a security update for Mac OS X...

  8. Appling County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Georgia Appling County Pellets Places in Appling County, Georgia Baxley, Georgia Graham, Georgia Surrency, Georgia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  9. Production of alcohol from apple pomace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hang, Y.D.; Lee, C.Y.; Woodams, E.E.; Cooley, H.J.

    1981-12-01

    Production of ethyl alcohol from apple pomace with a Montrachet strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is described. More than 43 grams of the ethyl alcohol could be produced per kg of apple pomace fermented at 30 degrees Celcius in 24 hours. The fermentation efficiency of this process was approximately 89%. (Refs. 9).

  10. Ergonomic evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tittiranonda, P.; Burastero, S.; Shih, M.; Rempel, D.

    1994-05-01

    This study presents an evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard based on subjective preference and observed joint angles during typing. Thirty five keyboard users were asked to use the Apple adjustable keyboard for 7--14 days and rate the various characteristics of the keyboard. Our findings suggest that the most preferred opening angles range from 11--20{degree}. The mean ulnar deviation on the Apple Adjustable keyboard is 11{degree}, compared to 16{degree} on the standard keyboard. The mean extension was decreased from 24{degree} to 16{degree} when using the adjustable keyboard. When asked to subjectively rate the adjustable keyboard in comparison to the standard, the average subject felt that the Apple Adjustable Keyboard was more comfortable and easier to use than the standard flat keyboard.

  11. Production of fuels and chemicals from apple pomace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hang, Y.D.

    1987-03-01

    Nearly 36 million tons of apples are produced annually in the US. Approximately 45% of the total US apple production is used for processing purposes. The primary by-product of apple processing is apple pomace. It consists of the presscake resulting from pressing apples for juice or cider, including the presscake obtained in pressing peel and core wastes generated in the manufacture of apple sauce or slices. More than 500 food processing plants in the US produce a total of about 1.3 million metric tons of apple pomace each year, and it is likely that annual disposal fees exceed $10 million. Apple pomace has the potential to be used for the production of fuels (ethanol and biogas containing 60% methane) and food-grade chemicals. These uses will be reviewed in this article.

  12. Communicating between the Apple and the Wang

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, G.W., Downey, R.

    1982-10-26

    This manual covers what the beginner needs to know in order to transfer files between an Apple's Microcomputer and a Wang's OIS Word Processor. We have also tried to indicate where the experienced user might want to look for additional details. We cover the use of Apple Writer )(, VisiTerm, VisiCalc, and EasyWriter Professional. For us, the two most useful connections are from Applewriter to Wang and from Visicalc to Wang. From Wang to Apple Writer via Visiterm may have some value. Files can be transferred by VisiTerm to Wang, but they arrive with RETURNS in the middle of words, which have to be edited out, so we do not recommend it. We describe how to go from EasyWriter to Wang, but we do not know how to go from Wang to EasyWriter. We see no reason to go from Wang to VisiCalc, so we haven't thought about it. All instructions are given for a typical configuration of the Apple, namely the one on which this manual was composed. It is detailed in the section on Hardware and Software.

  13. Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center November 24, 2015 - 9:43am Addthis Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center Sarah Wagoner Sarah Wagoner Communications Specialist, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office Above: Completed Intake Structure. Water from the irrigation canal is divided in two as it approaches the plant. The existing drop structure

  14. V-115: Apple iOS Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: Apple iOS Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges V-115: Apple iOS Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges March 20, 2013 - 12:08am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple iOS Bugs...

  15. V-113: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-113: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code March 18, 2013 - 1:53am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple Safari...

  16. Apple Valley, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Apple Valley, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.5008311, -117.1858759 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  17. From: Nicholas Ammann [mailto:nammann@apple.com]

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wednesday, June 20, 2012 8:12 AM To: Exparte Communications Subject: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies; Proposed Rule Making - Ex Parte Communication Apple Inc. met with DOE to discuss the notice of proposed rule making the Department sent out regarding battery chargers and external power supplies. Below is a list of topics that Apple discussed with DOE. - Discussion regarding Battery Charger product Class 8 and that it does not scale with battery

  18. Celebrating Clean Energy Manufacturing in the Big Apple | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Celebrating Clean Energy Manufacturing in the Big Apple Celebrating Clean Energy Manufacturing in the Big Apple June 15, 2016 - 10:51am Addthis Dr. Mark Johnson (left), Director of the Energy Department’s Advanced Manufacturing Office, moderates a panel on shared infrastructure and innovation ecosystems. Dr. Mark Johnson (left), Director of the Energy Department's Advanced Manufacturing Office, moderates a panel on shared infrastructure and innovation ecosystems. Dr. Dave

  19. New SRC APPLE ll Variable Polarization Beamline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M Severson; M Bissen; M Fisher; G Rogers; R Reininger; M Green; D Eisert; B Tredinnick

    2011-12-31

    SRC has recently commissioned a new Varied Line-Spacing Plane Grating Monochromator (VLS-PGM) utilizing as its source a 1 m long APPLE II insertion device in short-straight-section 9 of the Aladdin storage ring. The insertion device reliably delivers horizontal, vertical, and right and left circularly polarized light to the beamline. Measurements from an in situ polarimeter can be used for undulator corrections to compensate for depolarizing effects of the beamline. The beamline has only three optical elements and covers the energy range from 11.1 to 270 eV using two varied line-spacing gratings. A plane mirror rotates to illuminate the gratings at the correct angle to cancel the defocus term at all photon energies. An exit slit and elliptical-toroid refocusing mirror complete the beamline. Using a 50 {mu}m exit slit, the beamline provides moderate to high resolution, with measured flux in the mid 10{sup 12} (photons/s/200 mA) range, and a spot size of 400 {mu}m horizontal by 30 {mu}m vertical.

  20. V-020: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-020: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code November 9, 2012 - 6:00am...

  1. U-239: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Spoof Address Bar URLs T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or ...

  2. Using the Apple LaserWriter at ANL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Errion, S.M.; Thommes, M.M. Caruthers, C.M.

    1987-09-01

    Using the Apple LaserWriter at ANL (ANL/TM 452) explains how Argonne computer users (with CMS, MVS, or VAX/VMS accounts) can print quality text and graphics on the Apple LaserWriter. Currently, applications at Argonne that are compatible with the Apple LaserWriter include Waterloo Script, CA/ISSCO graphics software (i.e., Cuechart, Tellagraf, and Disspla), SAS/Graph, ANSYS (version 4.2), and some personal computer test and graphics software. This manual does not attempt to cover use of the Apple LaserWriter with other applications, though some information on the handling of PostScript-compatible files may be valid for other applications. Refer to the documentation of those applications to learn how they work with the Apple LaserWriter. Most of the information in this manual applies to the Allied Linotype L300P typesetter in Building 222. However, the typesetter is not a high volume output device and should be used primarily for high quality (1250 and 2500 dots per inch) final copy output for Laboratory publications prior to making printing plates. You should print all drafts and proof pages on LaserWriers or other printers compatible with the PostScript page description language. Consult with Graphic Arts (at extension 2-5603) to determine the availability of the typesetter for printing the final copy of your document or graphics application. Since the Apple LaserWriter itself produces good quality output (300 dots per inch), we expect that most internal documents consisting of test or graphics will continue to be printed at LaserWriters distributed throughout the Laboratory. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. V-137: Apple Mac OS X update for Java | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: Apple Mac OS X update for Java V-137: Apple Mac OS X update for Java April 18, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple Mac OS X update for Java PLATFORM: Mac OS X 10.6, OS X Lion...

  4. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- News & Views Apple II

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Typical American Community Destroyed at Nevada National Security Site Photo - Apple II test, house on Yucca Flat On May 5, 1955 a 29-kiloton device named "Apple II" was detonated from a 500-foot tower on Yucca Flat. It was the second nationally televised nuclear test associated with an extensive civil effects program. The first shot was "Annie" on March 17, 1953. Annie was part of a civil effects test named Operation Cue, conducted by the Federal Civil Defense Administration

  5. Firm develops own EMS built on Apple computer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pospisil, R.

    1982-04-05

    Firestone Fibers and Textile Co. programmed a $2000 desktop Apple II computer and special electronic panels designed by the engineering staff to perform process control and other energy-management functions. The system should reduce natural gas consumption 40% and save the company up to $75,000 a year by reducing the amount of hot air exhausted from fabric-treating ovens. The system can be expanded to control lights and space-conditioning equipment. The company is willing to negotiate with other firms to market the panels. The Apple II was chosen because it has a high capacity for data acquisition and testing and because of the available software. (DCK)

  6. T-673: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks

  7. Use of an Apple IIe microcomputer for pyrolysis data acquisition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-02-01

    An Apple IIe microcomputer is being used to collect data and to control a pyrolysis system. Pyrolysis data for bitumen and kerogen are widely used to estimate source rock maturity. For a detailed analysis of kinetic parameters, however, data must be obtained more precisely than for routine pyrolysis. The authors discuss the program which controls the temperature ramp of the furnace that heats the sample, and collects data from a thermocouple in the furnace and from the flame ionization detector measuring evolved hydrocarbons. These data are stored on disk for later use by programs that display the results of the experiment or calculate kinetic parameters. The program is written in Applesoft BASIC with subroutines in Apple assembler for speed and efficiency.

  8. Mercury residues in south Florida apple snails (Pomacea paludosa)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisemann, J.D.; Beyer, W.N.; Morton, A.; Bennetts, R.E.

    1997-05-01

    Mercury concentrations in the sediments of south Florida wetlands have increased three fold in the last century. Because south Florida is home to many endemic and endangered species, it is important to understand the potential impacts of mercury in this ecosystem`s food web. Recent research by Malley et al. has shown mollusks to be sensitive indicators of methyl mercury which can reflect small differences in background methyl mercury concentrations. In this study, we attempted to determine if the apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) or its eggs are good indicators of bioavailable mercury. Then, using the apple snail as an indicator, we attempted to determine geographic differences in the concentrations of mercury in south Florida. 12 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  9. From: Nicholas Ammann [mailto:nammann@apple.com]

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tuesday, July 16, 2013 4:35 PM To: Exparte Communications Subject: Request for Information on Evaluating New Products for the Battery Chargers and External Power Supply Rulemaking - Ex Parte Communication Below are a list of topics that Apple Inc. discussed with DOE. - Timeline for the effective date of the DOE battery charger efficiency regulation and the external power supply regulation. - Flexibility of DOE Battery Charger efficiency mark, including using software or package as an alternate

  10. U-239: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addresses | Department of Energy 39: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source Addresses U-239: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source Addresses August 20, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source Addresses PLATFORM: Version(s): 6 beta 4 and prior versions ABSTRACT: A remote user can spoof SMS source addresses. Reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027410 Apple.com PCMag.com

  11. U-170: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in Apple QuickTime. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.

  12. T-634: Apple Mac OS X MacDefender Fake Antivirus Malicious Software

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Apple Mac OS X users could infect their systems after visiting a malicious web page. Reports suggest that the Apple Safari web browser could allow automatic download and execution of the JavaScript-based malware because of an incorrectly set security option in Safari.

  13. Preparing the BESSY APPLE Undulators for Top-Up Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahrdt, J.; Frentrup, W.; Gaupp, A.; Scheer, M.

    2007-01-19

    BESSY plans to go to topping up operation in the near future. A high injection efficiency is essential to avoid particle losses inside the undulator magnets and to ensure a low radiation background in the beamlines. Dynamic and static multipoles of the insertion devices have to be minimized to accomplish this requirement. APPLE II devices show strong dynamic multipoles in the elliptical and vertical polarization mode. Measurements before and after shimming of these multipoles are presented. The static multipoles of the BESSY UE56-2 which are due to systematic block inhomgeneities have successfully been shimmed recovering the full dynamic aperture.

  14. Solid state fermentation system for production of ethanol from apple pomace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hang, Y.D.; Lee, C.Y.; Woodams, E.E.

    1982-01-01

    A solid state fermentation system for the production of ethanol from apple pomace with a Montrachet strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is described. The yields of ethanol varied from about 29 g to more than 40 g/kg of apple pomace, depending on the samples fermented. Separation of up to 99% of the ethanol from spent qpple pomace was achieved with a rotary vacuum evaporator. Alcohol fermentation of apple pomace might be an efficient method of alleviating waste disposal problems with the concomitant production of ethanol.

  15. T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions | Department of Energy 76: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions July 26, 2011 - 1:06am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Apple iOS. A remote user with the ability to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack can access or modify SSL/TLS sessions. PLATFORM: iOS 4.2.5

  16. A Fixed Gap APPLE II Undulator for SLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, T.; Imhof, A.; Ingold, G.; Jakob, B.; Vollenweider, C.

    2007-01-19

    To vary the polarization vector of an APPLE II undulator continuously from 0 - 180 deg., all four magnet arrays need to be movable. Following the adjustable-phase undulator approach by R. Carr, a 3.4 m long fixed gap undulator for SLS with a gap of 11.6 mm has been constructed. It will be installed in fall 2006. The gap drive is replaced by a pair-wise shift of the magnet arrays to change the energy, while the polarization is changed by shifts of diagonal arrays. The high injection efficiency and standard operation top-up mode at the SLS allows this simplified undulator design. The design as well as the operational aspects will be discussed.

  17. The Macolumn: Desperately seeking software. [Geologic software for the Apple Macintosh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busbey, A.B.

    1988-08-01

    The Apple Macintosh has been available since 1984, but there has been little development of commercial geological software for it. The author briefly reviews what geological software is available for the Macintosh

  18. A possibility for using an APPLE undulator to generate a photon beam with transverse optical modes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sasaki, S.; McNulty, I.; Shimada, T.; JAEA

    2008-01-01

    We investigate use of an APPLE-type undulator for generating Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) and Hermite-Gaussian (HG) mode beams. We find that the second harmonic radiation in the circular mode corresponds to an LG beam with l=1, and the second harmonic in the linear mode corresponds to an HG beam with l=1. The combination of an APPLE undulator and conventional monochromator optics may provide an opportunity for a new type of experimental research in the synchrotron radiation community.

  19. Effects of acid rain on apple tree productivity and fruit quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forsline, P.L.; Musselman, R.C.; Kender, W.J.; Dee, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    Mature 'McIntosh', 'Empire', and 'Golden Delicious' apple trees (Malus domestica Borkh.) were sprayed with simulated acid rain solutions in the pH range of 2.5 to 5.5 at full bloom in 1980 and in 1981. In 1981, weekly sprays were applied at pH 2.75 and pH 3.25. Necrotic lesions developed on apple petals at pH 2.5 with slight injury appearing at pH 3.0 and pH 3.5. Apple foliage had no acid rain lesions at any of the pH levels tested. Pollen germination was reduced at ph 2.5 in 'Empire'. Slight fruit set reduction at pH 2.5 was observed in 'McIntosh'. The incidence of russetting on 'Golden Delicious' fruits was ameliorated by the presence of rain-exclusion chambers but was not affected by acid rain. With season-long sprays at pH 2.75, there was a slight delay in maturity and lower weight of 'McIntosh' apples. Even at the lowest pH levels no detrimental effects of simulated acid rain were found on apple tree productivity and fruit quality when measured as fruit set, seed number per fruit, and fruit size and appearance.

  20. Prickett and Lonnquist aquifer simulation program for the Apple II minicomputer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hull, L.C.

    1983-02-01

    The Prickett and Lonnquist two-dimensional groundwater model has been programmed for the Apple II minicomputer. Both leaky and nonleaky confined aquifers can be simulated. The model was adapted from the FORTRAN version of Prickett and Lonnquist. In the configuration presented here, the program requires 64 K bits of memory. Because of the large number of arrays used in the program, and memory limitations of the Apple II, the maximum grid size that can be used is 20 rows by 20 columns. Input to the program is interactive, with prompting by the computer. Output consists of predicted lead values at the row-column intersections (nodes).

  1. U-121: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ID: 1026774 Apple Security Updates About the security content of iOS 5.1 Software Update CVE-2012-0641, CVE-2012-0642, CVE-2012-0643, CVE-2011-3453, CVE-2012-0644, CVE-2012-0585,...

  2. Effects of acid rain on apple tree productivity and fruit quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forsline, P.L.; Musselman, R.C.; Kender, W.J.; Dee, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    Mature McIntosh, Empire, and Golden Delicious apple trees (Malus domestica) were sprayed with simulated acid rain solutions in the pH range of 2.5 to 5.5 at full bloom in 1980 and 1981. In 1981, weekly sprays were applied at pH 2.75 and pH 3.25. Necrotic lesions developed on apple petals at pH 2.5 with slight injury appearing at pH 3.0 and 3.5. Apple foliage had no acid rain lesions at any of the pH levels tested. Pollen germination was reduced at pH 2.5 in Empire. Slight fruit set reduction at pH 2.5 was observed in McIntosh. Even at the lowest pH levels no detrimental effects of simulated acid rain were found on apple tree productivity and fruit quality when measured as fruit set, seed number per fruit, and fruit size and appearance.

  3. U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Spoof Address Bar URLs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in Apple iOS. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. A remote user can spoof the address bar URL.

  4. The Macolumn - the plot thickens. [Review of a Apple Macintosh geologic software package and using a plotter with a Macintosh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bushey, A.B. )

    1990-04-01

    Several geologic software packages are for the Apple Macintosh are reviewed along with an section on using a plotter with the Macintosh. The plotter is a CalComp Artisan 1025 8-pen plotter.

  5. The Macolumn - the Mac gets geophysical. [A review of geophysical software for the Apple Macintosh computer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busbey, A.B. )

    1990-02-01

    Seismic Processing Workshop, a program by Parallel Geosciences of Austin, TX, is discussed in this column. The program is a high-speed, interactive seismic processing and computer analysis system for the Apple Macintosh II family of computers. Also reviewed in this column are three products from Wilkerson Associates of Champaign, IL. SubSide is an interactive program for basin subsidence analysis; MacFault and MacThrustRamp are programs for modeling faults.

  6. Evaluation of laboratory-scale in-vessel co-composting of tobacco and apple waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kop?i?, Nina Vukovi? Domanovac, Marija; Ku?i?, Dajana; Briki, Felicita

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: Apple and tobacco waste mixture was efficiently composted during 22 days. Physicalchemical and microbiological properties of the mixture were suitable the process. Evaluation of selected mathematical model showed good prediction of the temperature. The temperature curve was a mirror image of the oxygen concentration curve. The peak values of the temperature were occurred 9.5 h after the peak oxygen consumption. - Abstract: Efficient composting process requires set of adequate parameters among which physicalchemical properties of the composting substrate play the key-role. Combining different types of biodegradable solid waste it is possible to obtain a substrate eligible to microorganisms in the composting process. In this work the composting of apple and tobacco solid waste mixture (1:7, dry weight) was explored. The aim of the work was to investigate an efficiency of biodegradation of the given mixture and to characterize incurred raw compost. Composting was conducted in 24 L thermally insulated column reactor at airflow rate of 1.1 L min{sup ?1}. During 22 days several parameters were closely monitored: temperature and mass of the substrate, volatile solids content, C/N ratio and pH-value of the mixture and oxygen consumption. The composting of the apple and tobacco waste resulted with high degradation of the volatile solids (53.1%). During the experiment 1.76 kg of oxygen was consumed and the C/N ratio of the product was 11.6. The obtained temperature curve was almost a mirror image of the oxygen concentration curve while the peak values of the temperature were occurred 9.5 h after the peak oxygen consumption.

  7. Characterization of the Support and Drive System of the PETRA III APPLE Undulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahrdt, J.; Baecker, H.-J.; Frentrup, W.; Gaupp, A.; Gottschlich, S.; Kuhn, C.; Scheer, M.; Schulz, B.; Gast, M.; Englisch, U.; Schoeps, A.; Tischer, M.

    2010-06-23

    Helmholtzzentrum Berlin has built an APPLE II undulator for the storage ring PETRA III. The device has a total length of 5m and a minimum gap of 11mm. The high magnetic forces in particular in the inclined mode have been analyzed by means of finite element methods (FEM). Specific mechanic components such as flexible joints have been optimized to cope with the gap- and shift-dependent 3D-forces and a sophisticated control and drive system has been implemented. After completion of the device, detailed laser interferometer measurements for all operation modes have been performed. The data are compared to the FEM simulations.

  8. U-264: Apple OS X Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Several vulnerabilities were reported in Apple OS X. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. A remote user can obtain a password hash in certain cases. A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. A local user can obtain password keystrokes.

  9. Structure of a Rhamnogalacturonan Fragment from Apple Pectin: Implications for Pectin Architecture

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wu, Xiangmei; Mort, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    A comore » mmercial apple pectin was sequentially digested with the cloned enzymes endopolygalacturonase, galactanase, arabinofuranosidase, xylogalacturonase, and rhamnogalacturonan hydrolase. The rhamnogalacturonan hydrolase-generated oligosaccharides were separated by ultrafiltration, anion exchange, and size-exclusion chromatography. Fractions from the ion exchange chromatography were pooled, lyophilized, and screened by MALDI-TOF MS. An oligosaccharide (RGP14P3) was identified and its structure, α -D-Gal p A- ( 1 → 2 ) - α -L-Rha p - ( 1 → 4 ) - α -D-Gal p A- ( 1 → 2 ) - α -L-Rha p - ( 1 → 4 ) - α -D-Gal p A, determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectrometry. This oligosaccharide probably represents a direct connection between homogalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan in pectin. Alternatively, it could indicate that the nonreducing end of rhamnogalacturonan starts with a galacturonic acid residue.« less

  10. Relative potency based on hepatic enzyme induction predicts immunosuppressive effects of a mixture of PCDDS/PCDFS and PCBS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smialowicz, R.J.; DeVito, M.J. Williams, W.C.; Birnbaum, L.S.

    2008-03-15

    The toxic equivalency factor (TEF) approach was employed to compare immunotoxic potency of mixtures containing polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls relative to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), using the antibody response to sheep erythrocytes (SRBC). Mixture-1 (MIX-1) contained TCDD, 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (PeCDD), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF), 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (1-PeCDF), 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (4-PeCDF), and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9-octachlorodibenzofuran (OCDF). Mixture-2 (MIX-2) contained MIX-1 and the following PCBs, 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (IUPAC No. 77), 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (126), 3,3',4,4',5,5N-hexachlorobiphenyl (169), 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (105), 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (118), and 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl (156). The mixture compositions were based on relative chemical concentrations in food and human tissues. TCDD equivalents (TEQ) of the mixture were estimated using relative potency factors from hepatic enzyme induction in mice [DeVito, M.J., Diliberto, J.J., Ross, D.G., Menache, M.G., Birnbaum, L.S., 1997. Dose-response relationships for polyhalogenated dioxins and dibenzofurans following subchronic treatment in mice. I .CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 enzyme activity in liver, lung and skin. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 130, 197-208; DeVito, M.J., Menache, G., Diliberto, J.J., Ross, D.G., Birnbaum L.S., 2000. Dose-response relationships for induction of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 enzyme activity in liver, lung, and skin in female mice following subchronic exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 167, 157-172] Female mice received 0, 1.5, 15, 150 or 450 ng TCDD/kg/day or approximately 0, 1.5, 15, 150 or 450 ng TEQ/kg/day of MIX-1 or MIX-2 by gavage 5 days per week for 13 weeks. Mice were immunized 3 days after the last exposure and 4 days later, body, spleen, thymus, and liver weights were measured

  11. Sex ratio of the offspring of Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in utero and lactationally in a three-generation study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowlands, J.C.; Budinsky, R.A. . E-mail: RABudinsky@dow.com; Aylward, L.L.; Faqi, A.S.; Carney, E.W.

    2006-10-01

    Reports of a decreased male/female sex ratio in children born to males exposed to TCDD in Seveso, Italy, at a young age have sparked examinations of this endpoint in other populations exposed to TCDD or related compounds. Overall, the male/female sex ratio results reported in these studies, with slightly different age-exposed male populations, have shown mixed results. Experimental studies of the effects of in utero exposure to TCDD in laboratory animals have reported no effect on the f{sub 1} sex ratio and mixed results for the sex ratio of the f{sub 2} generation. In order to better understand the potential effects of TCDD on second generation sex ratio, we retrieved archived data from a comprehensive three-generation feeding study of TCDD in rats that was conducted and published in the 1970s, but which did not publish data on sex ratio of the offspring [Murray, F.J., Smith, F.A., Nitschke, K.D., Humiston, C.G., Kociba, R.J., Schwetz, B.A., 1979. Three-generation reproduction study of rats given 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in the diet. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 50, 241-252]. A re-examination of the original Murray et al. data found no statistically significant treatment-related changes in postnatal day 1 sex ratio in any generation of treated animals, consistent with one other relatively large study reporting on this endpoint. We discuss mechanistic data underlying a potential effect of TCDD on this endpoint. We conclude that the inconsistency in findings on sex ratio of the offspring of male rats exposed to TCDD in utero is likely due to random variation associated with a relatively small sample size, although differences between studies in strain of rat, dose regimen, and day of ascertainment of sex ratio cannot be ruled out.

  12. When worlds collide - Mac to MS-DOS. [Data transfer to and from Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based personal computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busbey, A.B.

    1989-04-01

    A number of methods and products, both hardware and software, to allow data exchange between Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based systems. These included serial null modem connections, MS-DOS hardware and/or software emulation, MS-DOS disk-reading hardware and networking.

  13. Study of Row Phase Dependent Skew Quadrupole Fields in Apple-II Type EPUs at the ALS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steier, C.; Marks, S.; Prestemon, Soren; Robin, David; Schlueter, Ross; Wolski, Andrzej

    2004-05-07

    Since about 5 years, Apple-II type Elliptically Polarizing Undulators (EPU) have been used very successfully at the ALS to generate high brightness photon beams with arbitrary polarization. However, both EPUs installed so far cause significant changes of the vertical beamsize, especially when the row phase is changed to change the polarization of the photons emitted. Detailed measurements indicate this is caused by a row phase dependent skew quadrupole term in the EPUs. Magnetic measurements revealed the same effect for the third EPU to be installed later this year. All measurements to identify and quantify the effect with beam will be presented, as well as some results of magnetic bench measurements and numeric field simulations.

  14. Purification of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase from apple fruits using s-adenosyl (3,4 sup 14 C)-methionine (SAM) as a probe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, Wingkip; Dong, Jianguo,; Yang, Shang Fa )

    1989-04-01

    Tomato ACC synthase is inactivated by its substrate SAM, with the moiety of aminobutyrate being covalently linked to ACC synthase during the catalytic reactions. A partial purified ACC synthase (the catalytic activity 100 {mu}mol/h{center dot}mg protein) from pellets of apple extract was incubated with (3,4{sup 14}C) SAM. Only one radioactive peak was revealed in a C-4 reverse phase HPLC and one radioactive band on SDS-PAGE with an M.W. of 48 kDa. Apple ACC synthase in native form is resistant to V8, {alpha}-chromtrypsin and carboxylpeptidase A digestion, but effectively inactivated by trypsin and ficin, as demonstrated by both the activity assay and SAM labeling. The radioactive protein cut from the SDS-PAGE was injected to three mice, two of the mice showed responses to the protein in western blot analysis. The antibodies from mice is currently under characterization.

  15. Comment on “Dimpling in critical current density vs. magnetic field angle in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} films irradiated with 3-MeV gold ions” [J. Appl. Phys. 114, 233911 (2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, N. J. Wimbush, S. C.

    2014-04-07

    We provide an alternative explanation for the results of Matsui et al. [J. Appl. Phys. 114, 233911 (2013)] by considering the effects of disorder on flux pinning.

  16. Metabolism of bilirubin by human cytochrome P450 2A6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abu-Bakar, A'edah; Arthur, Dionne M.; Cooperative Research Centre for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment, Adelaide ; Wikman, Anna S.; Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala University, SE-75123 Uppsala ; Rahnasto, Minna; Juvonen, Risto O.; Vepslinen, Jouko; Raunio, Hannu; Ng, Jack C.; Cooperative Research Centre for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment, Adelaide ; Lang, Matti A.

    2012-05-15

    The mouse cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A5 has recently been shown to function as hepatic Bilirubin Oxidase (Abu-Bakar, A., et al., 2011. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 257, 1422). To date, no information is available on human CYP isoforms involvement in bilirubin metabolism. In this paper we provide novel evidence for human CYP2A6 metabolising the tetrapyrrole bilirubin. Incubation of bilirubin with recombinant yeast microsomes expressing the CYP2A6 showed that bilirubin inhibited CYP2A6-dependent coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity to almost 100% with an estimated K{sub i} of 2.23 ?M. Metabolite screening by a high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry indicated that CYP2A6 oxidised bilirubin to biliverdin and to three other smaller products with m/z values of 301, 315 and 333. Molecular docking analyses indicated that bilirubin and its positively charged intermediate interacted with key amino acid residues at the enzyme's active site. They were stabilised at the site in a conformation favouring biliverdin formation. By contrast, the end product, biliverdin was less fitting to the active site with the critical central methylene bridge distanced from the CYP2A6 haem iron facilitating its release. Furthermore, bilirubin treatment of HepG2 cells increased the CYP2A6 protein and activity levels with no effect on the corresponding mRNA. Co-treatment with cycloheximide (CHX), a protein synthesis inhibitor, resulted in increased half-life of the CYP2A6 compared to cells treated only with CHX. Collectively, the observations indicate that the CYP2A6 may function as human Bilirubin Oxidase where bilirubin is potentially a substrate and a regulator of the enzyme. -- Highlights: ? Human CYP2A6 interacts with bilirubin with a high affinity. ? Bilirubin docking to the CYP2A6 active site is more stable than biliverdin docking. ? Recombinant CYP2A6 microsomes metabolised bilirubin to biliverdin. ? Bilirubin increased the hepatic CYP2A6 protein and

  17. Apple latent spherical virus vectors for reliable and effective virus-induced gene silencing among a broad range of plants including tobacco, tomato, Arabidopsis thaliana, cucurbits, and legumes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Igarashi, Aki; Yamagata, Kousuke; Sugai, Tomokazu; Takahashi, Yukari; Sugawara, Emiko; Tamura, Akihiro; Yaegashi, Hajime; Yamagishi, Noriko; Takahashi, Tsubasa; Isogai, Masamichi; Takahashi, Hideki; Yoshikawa, Nobuyuki

    2009-04-10

    Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vectors were evaluated for virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of endogenous genes among a broad range of plant species. ALSV vectors carrying partial sequences of a subunit of magnesium chelatase (SU) and phytoene desaturase (PDS) genes induced highly uniform knockout phenotypes typical of SU and PDS inhibition on model plants such as tobacco and Arabidopsis thaliana, and economically important crops such as tomato, legume, and cucurbit species. The silencing phenotypes persisted throughout plant growth in these plants. In addition, ALSV vectors could be successfully used to silence a meristem gene, proliferating cell nuclear antigen and disease resistant N gene in tobacco and RCY1 gene in A. thaliana. As ALSV infects most host plants symptomlessly and effectively induces stable VIGS for long periods, the ALSV vector is a valuable tool to determine the functions of interested genes among a broad range of plant species.

  18. Response to “Comment on ‘Twin symmetry texture of energetically condensed niobium thin films on sapphire substrate’ ” [J. Appl. Phys. 112, 016101 (2012)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhao, X.; Philips, L.; Reece, C. E.; Seo, Kang; Krishnan, M.; Valderrama, E.

    2012-07-01

    Welander is correct about the misidentified crystal-directions in the top-view sapphire lattice (Fig. 4 [Zhao et al., J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033523 (2011)]). He is also correct about the misorientation of the pole figures in Fig. 4. In Fig. 1 of this response, we have corrected these errors. Perhaps because of these errors, Welander misconstrued our discussion of the Nbcrystal growth as claiming a new 3D registry. That was not our intention. Rather, we wished to highlight the role of energetic condensation that drives low-defect crystal growth by a combination of non-equilibrium sub-plantation that disturbs the substrate lattice and thermalmore » annealing that annihilates defects and promotes large-grain crystal growth.« less

  19. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Appliances Tables (Million U.S. Households; 60 pages, 240 kb) Contents Pages HC5-1a. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC5-2a. Appliances by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC5-3a. Appliances by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC5-4a. Appliances by Type of Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC5-5a. Appliances by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC5-6a. Appliances by Type of Rented

  20. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0a. Appliances by Midwest Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Midwest Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division East North Central West North Central 0.5 1.0 1.2 1.5 Total .............................................................. 107.0 24.5 17.1 7.4 NE Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ......................................................... 101.7 23.8 16.6 7.2 NE 1

  1. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1a. Appliances by South Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. South Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division South Atlantic East South Central West South Central 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.5 Total .............................................................. 107.0 38.9 20.3 6.8 11.8 NE Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ......................................................... 101.7 36.2 19.4 6.4 10.3 1.5 1

  2. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2a. Appliances by West Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. West Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division Mountain Pacific 0.5 1.0 1.7 1.2 Total .............................................................. 107.0 23.3 6.7 16.6 NE Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ......................................................... 101.7 22.1 6.6 15.5 1.1 1

  3. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    a. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Climate Zone 1 RSE Row Factors Fewer than 2,000 CDD and -- 2,000 CDD or More and Fewer than 4,000 HDD More than 7,000 HDD 5,500 to 7,000 HDD 4,000 to 5,499 HDD Fewer than 4,000 HDD 0.4 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 Total .................................................. 107.0 9.2 28.6 24.0 21.0 24.1 7.8 Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven

  4. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2a. Appliances by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Year of Construction RSE Row Factors 1990 to 2001 1 1980 to 1989 1970 to 1979 1960 to 1969 1950 to 1959 1949 or Before 0.4 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 Total ............................................... 107.0 15.5 18.2 18.8 13.8 14.2 26.6 4.2 Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ........................................... 101.7 14.3 17.2 17.8 12.9 13.7 25.9 4.2 1

  5. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4a. Appliances by Type of Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Type of Housing Unit RSE Row Factors Single-Family Apartments in Buildings With Mobile Home Two to Four Units Five or More Units 0.4 0.5 1.7 1.6 1.9 Total ............................................... 107.0 73.7 9.5 17.0 6.8 4.2 Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ........................................... 101.7 69.1 9.4 16.7 6.6 4.3 1

  6. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5a. Appliances by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Owner- Occupied Units Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit RSE Row Factors Single-Family Apartments in Buildings With Mobile Home Two to Four Units Five or More Units 0.3 0.4 2.1 3.1 1.3 Total ............................................... 72.7 63.2 2.1 1.8 5.7 6.7 Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ...........................................

  7. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6a. Appliances by Type of Rented Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Rented Units Type of Rented Housing Unit RSE Row Factors Single-Family Apartments in Buildings With Mobile Home Two to Four Units Five or More Units 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.9 2.5 Total ............................................... 34.3 10.5 7.4 15.2 1.1 6.9 Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ........................................... 33.4 10.1 7.3 14.9 1.1

  8. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Four Most Populated States RSE Row Factors New York California Texas Florida 0.4 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3 Total .............................................................. 107.0 7.1 12.3 7.7 6.3 NE Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ......................................................... 101.7 6.9 11.4 6.7 6.1 1.6 1 .............................................................. 95.2 6.2 10.7 6.3 6.0 2.1 2 or More

  9. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8a. Appliances by Urban/Rural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Urban/Rural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town Suburbs Rural 0.5 0.9 1.4 1.2 1.3 Total .............................................................. 107.0 49.9 18.0 21.2 17.9 4.1 Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ......................................................... 101.7 47.5 17.5 19.9 16.8 4.2 1

  10. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9a. Appliances by Northeast Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Northeast Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division Middle Atlantic New England 0.5 1.0 1.3 1.6 Total .............................................................. 107.0 20.3 14.8 5.4 NE Kitchen Appliances Cooking Appliances Oven ......................................................... 101.7 19.6 14.5 5.2 1.1 1

  11. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral ... RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral ...

  12. To be submitted to Appl

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the United States Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide ...

  13. Comment on A study of vertical and in-plane electron mobility due to interface roughness scattering at low temperature in InAs-GaSb superlattices [J. Appl. Phys. 114, 053712 (2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szmulowicz, F.

    2014-04-14

    The purpose of this comment is to point out that the paper by Safa, Asgari, and Faraone [J. Appl. Phys. 114, 053712 (2013)] (SAF) on electronic transport in superlattices contains a number of errors in physics and execution. By dealing with a finite number of periods and forcing the wave function to be zero at the upper and lower boundaries of the superlattice stack, SAF have turned the system into a quantum well for which the momentum along the growth axis is not a good quantum number, so that the bands in the growth direction are flat and the corresponding carrier velocities and vertical mobilities are zero. A number of other errors allow the authors to get nonzero results and to reach conclusions that qualitatively mirror those of Szmulowicz, Haugan, Elhamri, and Brown [Phys. Rev. B 84, 155307 (2011)].

  14. Comment on Magnetic field mediated low-temperature resistivity upturn in electron-doped La{sub 1?x}Hf{sub x}MnO{sub 3} manganite oxides [J. Appl. Phys. 112, 123710 (2012)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rozenberg, E.

    2014-01-21

    In a recent paper, Guo et al. [J. Appl. Phys. 112, 123710 (2012)] reported on characteristic features of the temperature (T) and magnetic field (H) dependences of electrical resistivity (?) in polycrystalline La{sub 1?x}Hf{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (x?=?0.2 and 0.3) manganites. In particular, shallow minima were observed at some T{sub min} below 100?K on ?(T) curves. Application of an external H???5?T leads first to a decrease in the T{sub min} value, while this value increases notably at H?>?0.75?T. The authors attributed this complex behavior to competitive electron-electron interaction and Kondo-like spin dependent scattering of carriers. It is shown in the comment that such interpretation is very questionable due to the fundamental inapplicability of this approach for analysis of low-T conductivity in polycrystalline manganites. It seems that the most likely reason for the appearance of the low temperature minima on ?(T) curves and their evolution upon field application is the well known grain boundary effects in magnetically and structurally inhomogeneous samples.

  15. Appling County Pellets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Pellets Place: Graham, Georgia Zip: 31513 Sector: Biomass Product: Producer of wood pellets and other biomass products located in Georgia. Coordinates: 47.055765,...

  16. Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    bypass extra flow, and the newly-constructed plant intake structure (background) routes water into the penstock and on to the hydroEngine. Image courtesy of Natel Energy. The...

  17. ENERGY COMMISSION APPL.lCATION FOR SOURCE MATERIAL LICENSE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... MATERIAL LICENSE . Pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, and Title 10, Code of ... specified in Section 183 of the Atotic Energy Act of 1954 and is subject to all ...

  18. Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City University of New York (CUNY) and its partners developed an analytics-based approach that makes it easier to spot key solar market indicators such as new permit applications and...

  19. AMR Power Private Ltd APPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 560 034 Sector: Hydro Product: Hyderabad-based small hydro project developer. Coordinates: 17.6726, 77.5971 Show Map Loading map......

  20. Backed apple? Metropolitan New York in the greenhouse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, D.

    1997-12-31

    Steps to mitigate global climate change are being negotiated internationally, but it is on the local level that its effects will be felt and actions are taken. Like many midlatitude coastal cities, metropolitan New York could expect serious consequences from global warming: killing hot spells, worsened ozone pollution, uncertain water supply, and inundation of its waterfront from higher sea level and violent storms. Seen at the local level, the opportunities and limitations of measures to mitigate or adapt to climate change become explicit. Indirect local effects from changes elsewhere in the world must also be considered.

  1. From: Nicholas Ammann [mailto:nammann@apple.com

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    on Evaluating New Products for the Battery Chargers and External Power Supply ... for the effective date of the DOE battery charger efficiency regulation and the ...

  2. U-202: Apple QuickTime Multiple Stack Overflow Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Visiting a maliciously crafted website may lead to an unexpected application termination or arbitrary code execution.

  3. Westinghouse, DOE see apples, oranges in IG staffing report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobsenz, G.

    1994-03-01

    The operator of the Energy Department's Savannah River weapons plant has at least 1,800 more employees than it needs, and could save $400 million over a five-year period by cutting its staff accordingly, a DOE inspector general study says. Most of the boat - 1,206 employees - was attributed to excessive numbers of managers, with the inspector general concluding that Westinghouse Savannah River Co. had roughly twice as many layers of management than two other DOE weapons contractors. The study also concluded that Westinghouse in fiscal year 1992 significantly understated its actual staffing levels in reports to DOE, failing to disclose 1,765 full-time employees or the equivalent hours worked. Through such underreporting Westinghouse was able to [open quotes]circumvent staffing ceilings established by the department,[close quotes] the study added. Overall, DOE Inspector General John Layton said Westinghouse's staff levels substantially exceeded those needed for efficient operation of the South Carolina nuclear weapons facility. Layton based his analysis on efficiency standards attained by other DOE weapons plant contractors, such as Martin Marietta Energy Systems at DOE's Oak Ridge, Tenn., plant and EG G Rocky Flats, as well as widely utilized worker performance requirements used by the Navy and private sector companies that perform work similar to that done at Savannah River.

  4. U-022: Apple QuickTime Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A remote user can create a file that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system.

  5. Property:Incentive/ApplDsc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Vermont) + Commercial +, Industrial + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Industrial +, Utility + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + Commercial +, Industrial...

  6. Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2003-12-18

    For better or worse, natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plants being built across the United States. According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), natural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbine power plants accounted for 96% of the total generating capacity added in the US between 1999 and 2002--138 GW out of a total of 144 GW. Looking ahead, the EIA expects that gas-fired technology will account for 61% of the 355 GW new generating capacity projected to come on-line in the US up to 2025, increasing the nationwide market share of gas-fired generation from 18% in 2002 to 22% in 2025. While the data are specific to the US, natural gas-fired generation is making similar advances in other countries as well. Regardless of the explanation for (or interpretation of) the empirical findings, however, the basic implications remain the same: one should not blindly rely on gas price forecasts when comparing fixed-price renewable with variable-price gas-fired generation contracts. If there is a cost to hedging, gas price forecasts do not capture and account for it. Alternatively, if the forecasts are at risk of being biased or out of tune with the market, then one certainly would not want to use them as the basis for resource comparisons or investment decisions if a more certain source of data (forwards) existed. Accordingly, assuming that long-term price stability is valued, the most appropriate way to compare the levelized cost of these resources in both cases would be to use forward natural gas price data--i.e. prices that can be locked in to create price certainty--as opposed to uncertain natural gas price forecasts. This article suggests that had utilities and analysts in the US done so over the sample period from November 2000 to November 2003, they would have found gas-fired generation to be at least 0.3-0.6 cents/kWh more expensive (on a levelized cost basis) than otherwise thought. With some renewable resources, in particular wind power, now largely competitive with gas-fired generation in the US (including the impact of the federal production tax credit and current high gas prices), a margin of 0.3-0.6 cents/kWh may in some cases be enough to sway resource decisions in favor of renewables.

  7. T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    T-727:Microsoft Windows SSLTLS Protocol Flaw Lets Remote Users Decryption Sessions U-259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSLTLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets ...

  8. U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    iOS. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. ... A remote user can create a specially crafted file that, when loaded by the target user, ...

  9. T-654: Apple QuickTime Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A remote user can create a specially crafted file that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target system. The code will run with the privileges of the target user.

  10. T-529: Apple Mac OS PackageKit Distribution Script Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A format string issue exists in PackageKit's handling of distribution scripts. A man-in-the-middle attacker may be able to cause an unexpected application termination or arbitrary code execution when Software Update checks for new updates. This issue is addressed through improved validation of distribution scripts. This issue does not affect systems prior to Mac OS X v10.6.

  11. U-036: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A remote user can create content that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on or obtain potentially sensitive information from the target user's system.

  12. U-170: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    overflow CVE-2012-0670. A specially crafted '.pict' file can trigger a memory corruption error CVE-2012-0671. Impact: A remote user can create a file that, when loaded by...

  13. V-171: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    specially crafted HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error and execute arbitrary code on the target system CVE-2013-1009,...

  14. V-164: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1) An unspecified error when handling TeXML files can be exploited to cause memory corruption. 2) A boundary error when handling H.263 encoded movie files can be exploited to...

  15. T-673: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    specially crafted HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error and execute arbitrary code on the target system - CVE-2010-1823,...

  16. U-222: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    specially crafted HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error and execute arbitrary code on the target system CVE-2011-3016, CVE-2011-3021,...

  17. Comment on “Diffusion of n-type dopants in germanium” [Appl. Phys. Rev. 1, 011301 (2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowern, N. E. B. Simdyankin, S.; Goss, J. P.; Napolitani, E.; De Salvador, D.; Bruno, E.; Mirabella, S.; Ahn, C.; Bennett, N. S.

    2015-09-15

    The authors of the above paper call into question recent evidence on the properties of self-interstitials, I, in Ge [Cowern et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 155501 (2013)]. We show that this judgment stems from invalid model assumptions during analysis of data on B marker-layer diffusion during proton irradiation, and that a corrected analysis fully supports the reported evidence. As previously stated, I-mediated self-diffusion in Ge exhibits two distinct regimes of temperature, T: high-T, dominated by amorphous-like mono-interstitial clusters—i-morphs—with self-diffusion entropy ≈30 k, and low-T, where transport is dominated by simple self-interstitials. In a transitional range centered on 475 °C both mechanisms contribute. The experimental I migration energy of 1.84 ± 0.26 eV reported by the Münster group based on measurements of self-diffusion during irradiation at 550 °C < T < 680 °C further establishes our proposed i-morph mechanism.

  18. Comment on 'A planar refractive x-ray lens made of nanocrystalline diamond'[J. Appl. Phys. 108, 123107 (2010)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kroon, R. E.

    2013-05-28

    The material LuAG (lutetium aluminium garnet) has been confused with LAG (lanthanum aluminium garnet). In general, aluminium garnet phases only occur for the smaller trivalent metal cations and LAG is not known to have been synthesized.

  19. Bite the apple, get driven out of the garden: A risky story telling at the ASME town meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majumdar, K.C.

    1994-11-01

    Risk, the all-encompassing four-letter word became a widely used household cliche and an institutional mantra in the nineties. Risk analysis models from the Garden of Eden to the Capitol Hill lawn have made a number of sharp paradigm shifts to evolve itself as a decision-making tool from individual risk perception to societal risk-based regulatory media. Risk always coexists with benefit and is arbitrated by costs. Risk-benefit analysis has been in use in business and industry in economic ventures for a long time. Only recently risk management in its current state of development, evolved as a regulatory tool for controlling large technological systems that have potential impacts on the health and safety of the public and on the sustainability of the ecology and the environment. This paper summarizes the evolution of the risk management concepts and models in industry and the regulatory agencies in the US over the last three decades. It also discusses the benefits and limitations of this evolving discipline as it is applied to high-risk technologies from the nuclear power plant and petrochemical industry, etc. to nuclear weapons technology.

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: Working with Sandia: Just in Time...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Just in Time Contracts Commodity Descriptions of Commodity Items APPLE COMPUTERS APPLE COMPUTERS (MAC) AUTO PARTS ELECTRICALMECH AUTOEQUIP PARTS (RESTRICTED) BOOKS INFORMATIONAL...

  1. More Mac software and connections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busbey, A.B.

    1988-11-01

    This column briefly reviews several geologic software packaged designed for Apple Macintosh. In addition, it discusses methods of networking Apple Macintosh computers.

  2. Open-field host specificity test of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanaceae) in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gandolfo, D.; McKay, F.; Medal, J.C.; Cuda, J.P.

    2007-03-15

    An open-field experiment was conducted to assess the suitability of the South American leaf feeding beetle Gratiana boliviana Spaeth for biological control of Solanum viarum Dunal in the USA. An open-field test with eggplant, Solanum melongena L., was conducted on the campus of the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and a S. viarum control plot was established 40 km from the campus. One hundred adult beetles were released in each plot at the beginning of the experiment during the vegetative stage of the plants, and forty additional beetles were released in the S. melongena plot at the flowering stage. All the plants in each plot were checked twice a week and the number of adults, immatures, and eggs recorded. Results showed almost a complete rejection of eggplant by G. boliviana. No noticeable feeding damage was ever recorded on eggplant. The experiment was ended when the eggplants started to senesce or were severely damaged by whiteflies and spider mites. The results of this open-field experiment corroborate previous quarantine/laboratory host-specificity tests indicating that a host range expansion of G. boliviana to include eggplant is highly unlikely. Gratiana boliviana was approved for field release in May 2003 in the USA. To date, no non-target effects have been observed either on eggplant or native species of Solanum. (author) [Spanish] Una prueba de campo fue conducida para evaluar la especificidad del escarabajo suramericano defoliador Gratiana boliviana Spaeth para control biologico de Solanum viarum Dunal en los Estados Unidos. La prueba con berenjena se realizo en el campo experimental de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, y una parcela control con S. viarum fue establecida a 40 km. Cien escarabajos adultos fueron liberados en cada parcela al inicio del experimento durante la fase vegetativa, y cuarenta escarabajos adicionales fueron liberados en la parcela de berenjena durante la floracion. Todas las plantas en cada parcela fueron inspeccionadas dos veces a la semana y el numero de adultos, larvas, y posturas fueron registrados. Resultados indicaron un casi completo rechazo de la berenjena por G. boliviana. Ningun dano visible de defoliacion en la berenjena fue detectado. Las pruebas concluyeron cuando las plantas de berenjena alcazaron su madurez o fueron severamente danadas por mosca blanca y acaros. Resultados corroboran previas pruebas de especificidad en laboratorio/cuarentena que indican que la berenjena no es un hospedero de G. boliviana y que la posibilidad de llegar a ser una plaga de este cultivo es muy remota. Gratiana boliviana fue aprobado para ser liberado en el campo en mayo del 2003. Ningun dano ha sido observado hasta la fecha a plantas no blanco. (author)

  3. MOBILE4. 1: Highway-vehicle mobile-source emission-factor model (Apple MacIntosh version) (for microcomputers). Model-Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    MOBILE4.1 is the latest revision to EPA's highway vehicle mobile source emission factor model. Relative to MOBILE4, it contains numerous revisions and provides the user with additional options for modeling highway vehicle emission factors. it will calculate emission factors for hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide, (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) from highway motor vehicles. It calculates emission factors for eight individual vehicle types, in two regions of the country (low and high altitude). The emission factors depend on various conditions such as ambient temperature, fuel volatility, speed, and mileage accrual rates. It will estimate emission factors for any calendar year between 1960 and 2020 inclusive. The 25 most recent model years are considered in operation in each calendar year. EPA is requiring that states and others preparing emission inventories for nonattainment areas for CO and ozone to use MOBILE4.1 in the development of the base year 1990 emission inventories required under the Clean Air Act of 1990.

  4. Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies; Proposed Rule Making- Ex Parte Communication

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Apple Inc. met with DOE to discuss the notice of proposed rule making the Department sent out regarding battery chargers and external power supplies.  Below is a list of topics that Apple discussed...

  5. From: Nicholas Ammann [mailto:nammann@me.com

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EERE-2014-BT-TP-0043 RIN 1904-AD36 On 12192014, Apple Inc. met with DOE to discuss the ... point and data collection Nicholas Ammann Apple Federal Government Affairs (o) ...

  6. Comment on A case study on the scaling of 1/f noise: La{sub 2?3}Sr{sub 1?3}MnO{sub 3} thin films [J. Appl. Phys. 113, 094901 (2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barone, C. Pagano, S.; Mchin, L.; Guillet, B.; Routoure, J.-M.

    2014-03-21

    The problem of non-standard scaling of the 1/f noise in thin manganite films was revisited in the above paper, suggesting the quantum theory of fundamental flicker noise for the interpretation of the unusual dependence of the normalized Hooge parameter on the sample volume. Experimental evidence has been reported, showing that in these materials such volume dependence is, instead, an artifact of extrinsic noise sources, e.g., contact noise. Moreover, the proposed theoretical model implies a linear temperature dependence of the Hooge parameter, which is against the experimental data reported here. Based on these arguments, it is possible to conclude that the quantum theory of fundamental flicker noise cannot be applied to the case of La{sub 2?3}Sr{sub 1?3}MnO{sub 3} thin films.

  7. Comment on “Towards high efficiency thin-film crystalline silicon solar cells: The roles of light trapping and non-radiative recombinations” [J. Appl. Phys. 115, 094501 (2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abenante, L.

    2015-01-14

    In the above paper, an analytical approach including a new solution to the differential diffusion equation in illuminated quasi-neutral regions (QNR) is exploited to calculate the short-circuit current density (J{sub sc}), open-circuit voltage (V{sub oc}), fill factor (FF), and efficiency (η) of light-trapping (LT) c-Si solar cells with a given structure. Comparisons with numerical results calculated by the Silvaco ATLAS device simulator in the same LT cells show that the analytical results are systematically overestimated. According to the authors, the inaccuracies in J{sub sc}, V{sub oc}, and η are due to the fact that assuming ideal collection from space-charge region (SCR) and using the superposition approximation introduce systematic errors into analytical models. In this comment, an analytical approach using reported solutions to the transport equations in QNR and SCR, where ideal collection from SCR is assumed and the superposition approximation is used, is shown to agree with both the Silvaco and PC1d numerical approaches in calculating J{sub sc}, V{sub oc}, and η, in the same LT devices as considered in the commented paper. Reasons for the inaccuracies detected in the commented paper are suggested.

  8. MEMORANDUM To: United States Department of Energy From: Erica...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cohen, DOE Celia Sher, DOE Erica Logan, ITI Chris Hankin, ITI Robert White, Dell Gary Verdun, Dell Mark Hollenbeck, HP Adrian Liga, Apple Jay Taylor, Schneider Electric Donna ...

  9. Missouri River Energy Services (23 Member Cooperatives)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rebates are offered for a variety of efficient technologies and measures including: compressed air system efficiency, HVAC, lighting, VFDs, cooking equipment, and custom projects.  Completed appl...

  10. U-154: IBM Rational ClearQuest ActiveX Control Buffer Overflow...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    V-020: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-126: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances Port Forwarder ActiveX Control Buffer Overflow ...

  11. SciTech Connect:

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. SLAC" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All BookMonograph ConferenceEvent Journal Article Miscellaneous Patent Program Document Software...

  12. Jo Daviess County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Registered Energy Companies in Jo Daviess County, Illinois First Capitol Risk Management LLC Places in Jo Daviess County, Illinois Apple River, Illinois East...

  13. JC3 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Execute Arbitrary Code Apple QuickTime Multiple Vulnerabilities May 24, 2013 V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote Authentication Bypass The...

  14. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Execute Arbitrary Code Apple QuickTime Multiple Vulnerabilities May 24, 2013 V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote Authentication Bypass The...

  15. NREL: Energy Sciences - Solid-State Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Printable Version Solid-State Theory Image showing a roughly spherical red shape that looks like an apple that is floating within a yellow hemispherical shell....

  16. Wayne County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Wayne County, Ohio Apple Creek, Ohio Burbank, Ohio Congress, Ohio Creston, Ohio Dalton, Ohio Doylestown, Ohio Fredericksburg, Ohio Marshallville, Ohio Mount Eaton, Ohio...

  17. untitled

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Equilibrium magnetic states in individual hemispherical permalloy caps. Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 132419 (2012). 34. Albrecht, M. et al. Magnetic multilayers on nanospheres. Nat. ...

  18. Desert Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Desert Solar Place: Apple Valley, California Zip: 92308 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Selling and installing commercial renewable energy projects, mainly...

  19. San Bernardino County, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2 Solar Power Plant Places in San Bernardino County, California Adelanto, California Apple Valley, California Barstow, California Big Bear City, California Big Bear Lake,...

  20. Sacramento Soleil Solar Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EnXco Energy Purchaser Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) Address 13345 Apple Road Location Wilton, CA Coordinates 38.449383, -121.164657 Show Map Loading...

  1. Granite Wind LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind, LLC Place: Redlands, California Zip: 92373 Sector: Wind energy Product: An Apple Valley, California based wind developer. Coordinates: 34.055282, -117.18258 Show...

  2. Wilcox County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Places in Wilcox County, Alabama Camden, Alabama Oak Hill, Alabama Pine Apple, Alabama Pine Hill, Alabama Yellow Bluff, Alabama Retrieved from "http:...

  3. E X A M P L E E X A M P L E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to 09302010 MY COMPANY, LLC 2 Reporting Period: 7 Contract Completion Date: 4567 Apple Lane, Anywhere, USA Element Identification NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY COST...

  4. Dakota County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Landfill Biomass Facility Pine Bend Biomass Facility Places in Dakota County, Minnesota Apple Valley, Minnesota Burnsville, Minnesota Coates, Minnesota Eagan, Minnesota Farmington,...

  5. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - physicists have unearthed the taproots linking ever more disparate phenomena. With the law of universal gravitation, Isaac Newton wedded the fall of an apple to the orbits of...

  6. BPA-2011-00753-FOIA Response

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ACT 1 Group Apple One 49269 8162010 8152011 AdminProfessional Automation & Control Strategies 44368 9212009 9202011 31 1 Engineering Adecco Engineering & Technical 44448...

  7. Inexpensive computer data-acquisition system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galvin, J.E.; Brown, I.G.

    1985-10-01

    A system based on an Apple II+ personal computer is used for on-line monitoring of ion-beam characteristics in accelerator ion source development.

  8. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical Division picnic From Quantum Diaries: The Tesla experiment Photo of the Day: Apple picking From Quanta Magazine, Aug. 20, 2015: The case for complex dark matter Last...

  9. THANKSGIVING ACROSS, AMERICA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reserved) Salt and freshly ground pepper Stuffing (if desired; if not, use onion, apple and herbs for the cavity) Z tablespoons dark unsulfured molasses 2 tablespoons soy...

  10. Why the Macintosh. A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowler, J.

    1987-11-01

    The author presents arguments for why geologist considering their first personal computer should purchase Apple Macintosh computers. He also recommends Pascal as a beginning programming language.

  11. Supercomputing on a Shoestring: Cluster Computers at JLab | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    which describe the distribution of electric charge and current inside the nucleon. Apple To calculate the solution to a science problem, a cluster computer slices space up...

  12. Access Business Systems | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    system (such as Windows, Mac, Linux, Apple IOS, Android) Through most browsers (Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari; Chrome is not currently recommended) All access is through...

  13. Washington County, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Number 3 Climate Zone Subtype B. Registered Energy Companies in Washington County, Utah Verdi Energy Group Places in Washington County, Utah Apple Valley, Utah Enterprise, Utah...

  14. ARM - Blog Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Monty Apple (team lead), Mike Alsop (AMF1 chief technician), Tom Muirhead, and Clif Meyer. We also have a couple of new faces in Paul Ortega (technical operations manager for...

  15. X:\\ARM_19~1\\P113-137.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A critical review, Appl. Opt., 29, 451-462. Grund, C. J. 1995. The NOAA 2 m coherent Doppler lidar: Optical remote sensing of the atmosphere, Opt. Soc. Am., Technical Digest...

  16. O S T I

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    by the University of California for the United States Department of Energy under contract W-7405-ENG-36 Life-Cycl e Assessment ( L C A ) Method01 ogy Appl ied t o Energetic ...

  17. Yuankun Cai

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Lett., 89 (2006) 263512. 6 R. Meerheim, R. Nitsche, K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett., 93 (2008) 043310. 7 A. Dodabalapur, L.J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, J. ...

  18. Microsoft Word - SRI2008_VLSPGM_final.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... A 266, 544-549 (1988). 6 M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, J. Barth, M. Krisch, F. Schaefers, and R. Wolf, Appl. Opt. 27, 4336 (1988). 8 Figure 1 Optimization of the spherical mirror ...

  19. NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Hao-Chih Yuan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Yuan, "Multi-scale surface texture to improve blue response of nanoporous black silicon solar cells," to appear in Appl. Phys. Lett. J. Oh, T.G. Deutsch, H.-C. Yuan, and H.M....

  20. Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine (Patent) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Report Number(s): US 4504192 Resource Type: Patent Resource Relation: Patent File Date: Filed date 15 Sep 1983; Other Information: PAT-APPL-532430 Country of Publication: United ...

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Fermi Surface And Quasiparticle Excitations of Sr2RhO4 Baumberger, F. ; Ingle, N.J.C. ; Meevasana, W. ; Shen, K.M. ; Lu, D.H. ; Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. SLAC, SSRL ; Perry, ...

  2. 2015 Peer-Reviewed Publications | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A. Kinaci, M. K. Y. Chan, and J. P. Greeley, "First-Principles Analysis of Defect Thermodynamics and Ion Transport in Inorganic SEI Compounds: LiF and NaF," Appl. Mater....

  3. US5324914.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For High Conductiv roup A, P S' 3' ity, Copper-Beryllium Alloy Cl7510", IEEE Publica Appl. ... Such alloys include but are not limited to nickel, alumi num, and copper dominated metals, ...

  4. Coherency Does Not Equate to Stability

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Stability As-grown nanotwin (NT) copper (A) SEM image. (B) An edge-on inverse ... M. Kumar, "Topological view of the thermal stability of nanotwinned copper", Appl. Phys. ...

  5. Energy Saver Guide | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The guide is available as a PDF, EPUB, or MOBI file. To read the e-book on an Apple or Android device, download the EPUB file. For Amazon Kindle, download the MOBI file and add it...

  6. Identifying new sources of turbulence in spherical tokamaks ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the mushroom-like design of conventional tokamaks that are more widely used. The cored-apple shape provides some distinct characteristics for the behavior of the plasma inside....

  7. Syndicated Content and Social Bookmarking | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an iCalendar file using calendar software (such as Google Calendar, Microsoft Outlook, Apple iCal, or Mozilla Thunderbird with the Lightning add-on), and events will automatically...

  8. US6403029.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assistant Examiner-Sean Conley (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Wolff & Samson (57) ABSTRACT (21) Appl. No.: 09760,513 (22) Filed: Jan. 12, 2001 A method of sterilization of a ...

  9. Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Measurements...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... kristy@essc.psu.edu, (814) 863-4722 References Atlas, D., S.Y. Matrosov, A. J. Heymsfield, M.-D. Chou, and D. B. Wolff, 1995: Radar and radiation properties of ice clouds. J. Appl. ...

  10. V-203: HP LoadRunner Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    V-171: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks V-110: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

  11. New app takes Lab's volunteer efforts mobile

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Safety Cinema's iOS version is available through Apple's iTunes App Store, the Android version through the Google Play Store. The Woman Computers of Project Y app gives...

  12. Posters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    underwater light fields. Appl. Opt. 32:7484-7504. Morel, A., and B. Gentili. 1991. Diffuse reflectance of oceanic water: Its dependence on sun angle as influenced by the...

  13. Microsoft Word - FST15-119_OpticsRecycleLoop_Final_Paper.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NGUYEN, D. COOKE, S. ELHADJ, AND S. YANG, "Laser smoothing of sub-micron grooves in hydroxyl-rich fused silica," Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 4031-4037 (2010). 86. S. ELHADJ, M....

  14. Erratum: "'Water-cycle' mechanism for writing and erasingnanostructur...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Erratum: "'Water-cycle' mechanism for writing and erasing nanostructures at the LaAlO3SrTiO3 interface" Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 173110 (2010) Citation Details In-Document Search ...

  15. 6 PUBLIC SCOPING MEETING 7 ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    it's in irrigated 24 agriculture up there, you see all the grapes, apples, 25 pears, alfalfa and that other stuff going on. That's 9 (509) 735-2400 BRIDGES REPORTING & LEGAL...

  16. Studying Mixed-Phased Clouds Using Ground-Based Active and Passive...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... J. Appl. Meteor., 40, 1967-1983. Fleishauer, R. P., V. E. Larson, and T. H. Vonder Haar, 2002: Observed microphysical structure of midlevel, mixed-phase clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, ...

  17. CX-008195: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota City-Apple Valley CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/10/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  18. Formation mechanical properties and the sonic log

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elphick, R.Y.

    1988-11-01

    A program is presented that calculates the mechanical properties of reservoir rocks from sonic logs. The program was written in Microsoft BASIC and the source code for MS-DOS, Apple Macintosh, and Amiga personal computers is given.

  19. Erratum: "Impact of symmetry on the ferroelectric properties...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Impact of symmetry on the ferroelectric properties of CaTiO3 thin films" Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 162904 (2015) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Erratum: "Impact of ...

  20. Beamline 6-ID-B,C Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of electron doped manganites," S. Middey, M. Kareev, D. Meyers, X. Liu, Y. Cao, S. Tripathi, D. Yazici, M.B. Maple, P.J. Ryan, J.W. Freeland, J. Chakhalian, Appl. Phys. Lett....

  1. Dielectric Resonator Metamasurfaces: Optical Magnetism Emission...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Laboratories Phase-locked Time Domain Spectroscopy 35s, 1350 nm 90s, 1550 nm Gate: 15s, 1050 nm Fiber Laser Svster AOM Lock-in Amplifier Sampling Oscilloscope WP Appl. Phys. ...

  2. Microsoft Word - Maeder et al.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... molecular nitrogen (Bomar and Knoll 1985; Lobo and Zinder 1988). 73 They also adapt to ... Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 7: 293-299. 494 Lobo, A.L. and S.H. Zinder. 1988. Diazotrophy and ...

  3. Molecular Foundry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    strengths for improved synthesis and function of electron conduits in Escherichia coli." C. P. Goldbeck, H. M. Jensen, M. A. TerAvest, N. Beedle, Y. Appling, M. Hepler, G....

  4. 2014 Publications | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Subjected to an Ultrafast Heating-cooling Cycle," Soft Matter, 10, 1462-1480, ... of the Misfit-layered Oxide Thermoelectric Ca3Co4O9 from First Principles," Appl. ...

  5. Open House | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Or search the Apple App Store or Google Play for JLab Open ... Computer Center - Enter the Computer Center to see the ... Linde Cryogenics - The element, Helium, in simple terms, can ...

  6. Explosive Creativity: Stoking the Birth of Ideas | Argonne Leadership...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    it was Apple, but it was in fact Kramer who first conceived the idea of downloading music, data and video through telephone lines in 1979, when he was 23. His co-inventor was...

  7. RSS and Podcast News Feeds | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Apple's iTunes exit federal site software (PC and Mac), jPodder exit federal site (PC), and Juice exit federal site (PC, Mac, and Linux) are available as a free download, and to ...

  8. A numerical study of crack initiation in a bcc iron system based...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    direct numerical results to the dynamic bifurcation theory R. Haberman, SIAM J. Appl. Math. 37, 69-106 (1979). Authors: Li, Xiantao, E-mail: xli@math.psu.edu 1 + Show Author...

  9. Recent Refereed Journal Articles

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    M.R. Warren, "Photocrystallography - design and methodology for the use of a light-emitting diode device," J. Appl. Crystallogr. 43, 337-340 (2010). 11.3.1 Buechele, A.C., C....

  10. Special Workshop: Building Location Aware Apps on the iPhone

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    build and run an app: 1. A modern Apple computer with wifi running the xCode program (free download), 2. An iPhone with a charging cable. However, these items are not required....

  11. Los Alamos National Laboratory launches 70th anniversary app...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory launches 70th anniversary app for iPhone, iPads The free application is available from the Apple Store (search for Los Alamos National Lab)....

  12. Identification of phases, symmetries and defects through local...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... important reactions, such as propane (amm)oxidation29. In this system, the ... mixtures of the Mo-V-Nb-Te-oxide system in propane and propene ammoxidation. Appl. ...

  13. Ultrafast Terahertz-Induced Response of GeSbTe Phase-Change Materials...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Ultrafast Terahertz-Induced Response of GeSbTe Phase-Change Materials ... Resource Relation: Journal Name: Appl. Phys. Lett.; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 25 Research ...

  14. Biologically produced acid precipitable polymeric lignin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crawford, Don L.; Pometto, III, Anthony L.

    1984-01-01

    A water soluble, acid precipitable polymeric degraded lignin (APPL), having a molecular weight of at least 12,000 daltons, and comprising, by percentage of total weight, at least three times the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups and carboxylic acid groups present in native lignin. The APPL may be modified by chemical oxidation and reduction to increase its phenolic hydroxyl content and reduce the number of its antioxidant inhibitory side chains, thereby improving antioxidant properties.

  15. SNLSimMagic v 2.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-10-21

    This software is an iOS (Apple) Augmented Reality (AR) application that runs on the iPhone and iPad. It is designed to scan in a photograph or graphic and “play” an associated video. This release, SNLSimMagic, was built using Wikitude Augmented Reality (AR) software development kit (SDK) integrated into Apple iOS SDK application and the Cordova libraries. These codes enable the generation of runtime targets using cloud recognition and developer-defined target features which are then accessed by means of a custom application.

  16. SNLSimMagic v 2.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2015-10-21

    This software is an iOS (Apple) Augmented Reality (AR) application that runs on the iPhone and iPad. It is designed to scan in a photograph or graphic and “play” an associated video. This release, SNLSimMagic, was built using Wikitude Augmented Reality (AR) software development kit (SDK) integrated into Apple iOS SDK application and the Cordova libraries. These codes enable the generation of runtime targets using cloud recognition and developer-defined target features which are then accessedmore » by means of a custom application.« less

  17. Sandia National Laboratories:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 03, 2016 Articles WeaselBoard is a PLC backplane analysis system. WeaselBoard Detection of gravitational waves called one of the century's great science breakthroughs A new era of astronomy begins Always there The apple doesn't fall far: Sandia innovator named Most Promising Asian American Engineer The apple doesn't fall far Service-driven women 'You know you're an engineer when' winners named Channeling the inner geek New ways of looking at glass-to-metal seals Sealing the deal Algae

  18. Undulators for the BESSY SASE-FEL Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahrdt, J.; Frentrup, W.; Gaupp, A.; Kuske, B.; Meseck, A.; Scheer, M.

    2004-05-12

    BESSY plans to build a SASE-FEL facility for the energy range from 20 eV to 1000 eV. The energy range will be covered by three APPLE II type undulators with a magnetic length of about 60 m each. This paper summarizes the basic parameters of the FEL-undulators. The magnetic design will be presented. A modified APPLE II design will be discussed which provides higher fields at the expense of reduced horizontal access. GENESIS simulations give an estimate on the tolerances for the beam wander and for gap errors.

  19. Sarah Wagoner | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wagoner About Us Sarah Wagoner - Communications Specialist, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office Sarah Wagoner Most Recent Year in Review: Celebrating Wind Energy and Water Power December 22 Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center November 24 Joining Forces to Empower Veterans November 10

  20. An Improved Understanding of the Natural Resonances of Moonpools...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    doi:10.1017S0022112082000263 Evans, D.V., 1978. The Oscillating Water Column Wave-energy Device. IMA J. Appl. Math. 22, 423-433. doi:10.1093imamat22.4.423 Falco, A.F.O.,...

  1. Sarff102.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sarah Wagoner About Us Sarah Wagoner - Communications Specialist, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office Sarah Wagoner Most Recent Year in Review: Celebrating Wind Energy and Water Power December 22 Innovative Hydropower Technology Now Powering an Apple Data Center November 24 Joining Forces to Empower Veterans November 10

  2. NIF Target Shot Metrics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    target shot metrics NIF Target Shot Metrics Exp Cap - Experimental Capability Natl Sec Appl - National Security Applications DS - Discovery Science ICF - Inertial Confinement Fusion HED - High Energy Density For internal LLNL firewall viewing - if the page is blank, please open www.google.com to flush out BCB

  3. A microcomputer-controlled linear heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuck, V.; Rahimi, S. )

    1991-10-01

    In this note the circuits and principles of operation of a relatively simple and inexpensive linear temperature ramp generator are described. The upper-temperature limit and the heating rate are controlled by an Apple II microcomputer. The temperature versus time is displayed on the screen and may be plotted by an {ital x}-{ital y} plotter.

  4. Petrophysical corner - calculating water cut

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elphick, R.Y. )

    1990-02-01

    The problem of determining the amount of water cut that can be expected from a well is discussed in conjunction with a program for making this calculation. The program was written for Amiga, Apple Macintosh, and MS DOS personal computers and source code for the program is provided.

  5. Exotherm data acquisition in polyurethane foam formation using a microcomputer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hebrard, M.J.; Leroux, J.

    1986-01-01

    An Apple microcomputer was used to collect exotherm data of the reactions leading to the formation of polyurethane foams, to differentiate the curves with respect to time and to measure the position and magnitude of the inflection points. Hardware, software, operations and reproducibility of this automated data acquisition system are described.

  6. Micropropagation. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning micropropagation of various plants. Topics examine micropropagation culture media, automation systems, use of growth stimulants and cytokinins, industrial micropropagation, and production of disease-free plants. Micropropagation of ornamental trees, potato, blueberry, apple, algae, citrus, grape, and gymnosperms are described. (Contains a minimum of 61 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  7. Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes:...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    M. T. Whittaker, R. E. Muenchausen, and R. C. Sze, "Crystal Growth and Optical Characterization of Cerium-doped Lu1.8Y0.2SiO5," J. Appl. Phys., 8812 (2000), pp. 7360-7362. J....

  8. Energy Saver Guide | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    This guide shows you how easy it is to cut your energy use at home and also on the road. The guide is available as a PDF, EPUB, or MOBI file. To read the e-book on an Apple or ...

  9. Using EnergyPlus for California Title-24 compliancecalculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Joe; Bourassa, Norman; Buhl, Fred; Erdem, Ender; Hitchcock, Rob

    2006-08-26

    For the past decade, the non-residential portion of California's Title-24 building energy standard has relied on DOE-2.1E as the reference computer simulation program for development as well as compliance. However, starting in 2004, the California Energy Commission has been evaluating the possible use of Energy Plus as the reference program in future revisions of Title-24. As part of this evaluation, the authors converted the Alternate Compliance Method (ACM) certification test suite of 150 DOE-2 files to Energy Plus, and made parallel DOE-2 and Energy Plus runs for this extensive set of test cases. A customized version of DOE-2.1E named doe2ep was developed to automate the conversion process. This paper describes this conversion process, including the difficulties in establishing an apples-to-apples comparison between the two programs, and summarizes how the DOE-2 and Energy Plus results compare for the ACM test cases.

  10. Response to Comment on "The National Ignition Facility Laser Performance Status"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haynam, C A; Sacks, R A; Moses, E I; Manes, K; Haan, S; Spaeth, M L

    2007-12-11

    We appreciate Stephen Bodner's continuing interest in the performance of the NIF laser system. However, we find it necessary to disagree with the conclusions he reached in his comments [Appl. Opt. 47, XXX (2008)] on 'National Ignition Facility Laser Performance Status' [Appl. Opt. 46, 3276 (2007)]. In fact, repeated and ongoing tests of the NIF beamlines have demonstrated that NIF can be expected not only to meet or exceed its requirements as established in the mid-1990s in the document National Ignition Facility Functional Requirements and Primary Criteria [Revision 1.3, Report NIF-LLNL-93-058 (1994)], but also to have the flexibility that provides for successfully meeting an ever expanding range of mission goals, including those of ignition.

  11. Weak and strong coupling equilibration in nonabelian gauge theories

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Keegan, Liam; Kurkela, Aleksi; Romatschke, Paul; van der Schee, Wilke; Zhu, Yan

    2016-04-06

    In this study, we present a direct comparison studying equilibration through kinetic theory at weak coupling and through holography at strong coupling in the same set-up. The set-up starts with a homogeneous thermal state, which then smoothly transitions through an out-of-equilibrium phase to an expanding system undergoing boost-invariant flow. This first apples-to-apples comparison of equilibration provides a benchmark for similar equilibration processes in heavy-ion collisions, where the equilibration mechanism is still under debate. We find that results at weak and strong coupling can be smoothly connected by simple, empirical power-laws for the viscosity, equilibration time and entropy production of themore » system.« less

  12. Experimental study of multichromatic terahertz wave propagation through planar micro-channels

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shin, Young-Min -Min; Northern Illinois Univ., Dekalb, IL; Fermi National Accelerator Lab.; Baig, Anisullah; Barchfeld, Robert; Gamzina, Diana; Barnett, Larry R.; Luhmann, Jr., Neville C.

    2012-04-10

    Previous theoretical and numerical studies [Y. M. Shin and L. R. Barnett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091501 (2008) and Y. M. Shin et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221504 (2008)] have reported that a planar micro-channel with an asymmetric corrugation array supports strongly confined propagation of broadband THz plasmonic waves. The highly broad spectral response is experimentally demonstrated in the near-THz regime of 0.19-0.265 THz. Signal reflection and transmission tests on the three designed micro-channels including directional couplers resulted in a full-width-half-maximum bandwidth of ~ 50-60GHz with an insertion loss of approximately -5 dB, which is in good agreement withmore » simulation data. As a result, these micro-structures can be utilized for free electron beam and electronic/optic integrated devices« less

  13. Photo Gallery - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    300 Area North The 300 Area north of Apple Street has been cleaned up. Search Search Search Filter: 300 Area North All Galleries 284 East Explosive Demolition Settlers B Reactor 100DX Groundwater Treatment Facility 100HX Groundwater Treatment Facility 200 West Groundwater Treatment Facility Construction 200 West Groundwater Treatment LEED Facility 200W Pump and Treat Event 2010 Fire Season 2013 Safety EXPO 209-E Critical Mass Laboratory Demolition 284 West Boiler Demolition 284 West Explosive

  14. Request for Information on Evaluating New Products for the Battery Chargers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and External Power Supply Rulemaking - Ex Parte Communication | Department of Energy Evaluating New Products for the Battery Chargers and External Power Supply Rulemaking - Ex Parte Communication Request for Information on Evaluating New Products for the Battery Chargers and External Power Supply Rulemaking - Ex Parte Communication List of topics that Apple Inc. discussed with DOE RFI_Evaluating New Products_Battery Chargers & External Power Supply Rulemaking.pdf (12.69 KB) More

  15. FLUX ENHANCEMENT IN CROSSFLOW MEMBRANE FILTRATION: FOULING AND IT'S MINIMIZATION BY FLOW REVERSAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shamsuddin Ilias

    2005-01-25

    Fouling problems are perhaps the single most important reason for relatively slow acceptance of ultrafiltration in many areas of chemical and biological processing. To overcome the losses in permeate flux associated with concentration polarization and fouling in cross flow membrane filtration, we investigated the concept of flow reversal as a method to enhance membrane flux in ultrafiltration. Conceptually, flow reversal prevents the formation of stable hydrodynamic and concentration boundary layers at or near the membrane surface. Further more, periodic reversal of the flow direction of the feed stream at the membrane surface results in prevention and mitigation of membrane fouling. Consequently, these advantages are expected to enhance membrane flux significantly. A crossflow membrane filtration unit was designed and built to test the concept of periodic flow reversal for flux enhancement. The essential elements of the system include a crossflow hollow fiber membrane module integrated with a two-way valve to direct the feed flow directions. The two-way valve is controlled by a controller-timer for periodic reversal of flow of feed stream. Another important feature of the system is that with changing feed flow direction, the permeate flow direction is also changed to maintain countercurrent feed and permeate flows for enhanced mass transfer driving force (concentration difference). In this report, we report our application of Flow Reversal technique in clarification of apple juice containing pectin. The presence of pectin in apple juice makes the clarification process difficult and is believed to cause membrane fouling. Of all compounds found in apple juice, pectin is most often identified as the major hindrance to filtration performance. Based on our ultrafiltration experiments with apple juice, we conclude that under flow reversal conditions, the permeate flux is significantly enhanced when compared with the conventional unidirectional flow. Thus, flow reversal

  16. FLUX ENHANCEMENT IN CROSSFLOW MEMBRANE FILTRATION: FOULING AND IT'S MINIMIZATION BY FLOW REVERSAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shamsuddin Ilias

    2004-06-14

    Fouling problems are perhaps the single most important reason for relatively slow acceptance of ultrafiltration in many areas of chemical and biological processing. To overcome the losses in permeate flux associated with concentration polarization and fouling in cross flow membrane filtration, we investigated the concept of flow reversal as a method to enhance membrane flux in ultrafiltration. Conceptually, flow reversal prevents the formation of stable hydrodynamic and concentration boundary layers at or near the membrane surface. Further more, periodic reversal of the flow direction of the feed stream at the membrane surface results in prevention and mitigation of membrane fouling. Consequently, these advantages are expected to enhance membrane flux significantly. A crossflow membrane filtration unit was designed and built to test the concept of periodic flow reversal for flux enhancement. The essential elements of the system include a crossflow hollow fiber membrane module integrated with a two-way valve to direct the feed flow directions. The two-way valve is controlled by a controller-timer for periodic reversal of flow of feed stream. Another important feature of the system is that with changing feed flow direction, the permeate flow direction is also changed to maintain countercurrent feed and permeate flows for enhanced mass transfer driving force (concentration difference). In our previous report, we reported our work on UF of BSA. In this report, we report our continuing application of Flow Reversal technique in clarification of apple juice containing pectin. The presence of pectin in apple juice makes the clarification process difficult and is believed to cause membrane fouling. Of all compounds found in apple juice, pectin is most often identified as the major hindrance to filtration performance. Laboratory-scale tests on a hollow-fiber ultrafiltration membrane module using pectin in apple juice as feed show that under flow reversal conditions, the

  17. Microsoft Word - TRACS revise.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RSL ENHANCES NEW YORK'S COUNTER TERRORISM OPERATIONS The National Nuclear Security Administration's Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) at Nellis Air Force Base has given a lift to the Big Apple's terror-fighting capabilities. RSL recently retrofitted two new high-tech speedboats, two vans and several portable backpacks with radiation detection equipment for the New York Police Department (NYPD) Counter Terrorism Division. The detection equipment formerly called the Tactical Radiological Acquisition

  18. Multibump solutions for quasilinear elliptic equations with critical growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jiaquan; Wang, Zhi-Qiang; Wu, Xian

    2013-12-15

    The current paper is concerned with constructing multibump solutions for a class of quasilinear Schrdinger equations with critical growth. This extends the classical results of Coti Zelati and Rabinowitz [Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 45, 12171269 (1992)] for semilinear equations as well as recent work of Liu, Wang, and Guo [J. Funct. Anal. 262, 40404102 (2012)] for quasilinear problems with subcritical growth. The periodicity of the potentials is used to glue ground state solutions to construct multibump bound state solutions.

  19. New mobile application allows users to take virtual tour of Project Y of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Manhattan Project National Historical Park Manhattan Project National Historical Park mobile app New mobile application allows users to take virtual tour of Project Y of Manhattan Project National Historical Park A new, free mobile application is now available for download from the Apple store. June 7, 2016 the application allows users from any location around the world to experience the environment in that pivotal time during World War II when a group of scientists came to Project Y, the

  20. Manhattan Project National Historical Park

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mobile application allows users to take virtual tour of Project Y of Manhattan Project National Historical Park June 7, 2016 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 7, 2016-A new, free mobile application titled "Los Alamos: The Secret City of the Manhattan Project," is now available for download from the Apple store. A collaboration of Los Alamos National Laboratory's VISIBLE team, the Bradbury Science Museum, and staff history specialists, the application allows users from any location around the

  1. Vector processing enhancements for real-time image analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shoaf, S.; APS Engineering Support Division

    2008-01-01

    A real-time image analysis system was developed for beam imaging diagnostics. An Apple Power Mac G5 with an Active Silicon LFG frame grabber was used to capture video images that were processed and analyzed. Software routines were created to utilize vector-processing hardware to reduce the time to process images as compared to conventional methods. These improvements allow for more advanced image processing diagnostics to be performed in real time.

  2. An integration doubleheader: exploration system's finder, an application or open-ended database architecture for sale and landmark graphics' openworks, an open opinion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard, J.E.

    1989-04-01

    Two software packages for the petroleum industry are reviewed. The first, Finder, is an integrated exploration and production system using the Oracle relational data base engine. It operates on a microVAX (DEC) platforms with the user interface on an Apple Macintosh. The second program, OpenWorks, will combine petroleum applications with data over existing ''industry standards'' including X-Windows for graphics, TCP/IP for the networking protocols, and some relation model which fits over existing data bases.

  3. Viscous Rayleigh-Taylor instability in spherical geometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mikaelian, Karnig O.

    2016-02-08

    We consider viscous fluids in spherical geometry, a lighter fluid supporting a heavier one. Chandrasekhar [Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math. 8, 1 (1955)] analyzed this unstable configuration providing the equations needed to find, numerically, the exact growth rates for the ensuing Rayleigh-Taylor instability. He also derived an analytic but approximate solution. We point out a weakness in his approximate dispersion relation (DR) and offer one that is to some extent improved.

  4. Mesoscale Simulations of Coarsening in GB Networks

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mukul Kumar is the Principal Investigator for Mesoscale Simulations of Coarsening in GB Networks LLNL BES Programs Highlight Mesoscale Simulations of Coarsening in GB Networks The Phase Field Model evolves a grain boundary network with realistic network correlations, as seeded by a group-theory-based Monte Carlo model M. Tang, B. W. Reed, and M. Kumar, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 043505 (2012) V. Bulatov, B. W. Reed, and M. Kumar; "Grain boundary energy function for FCC metals," Physical

  5. SNLSimMagic

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2014-10-06

    This software is an iOS (Apple) Augmented Reality (AR) application that runs on the iPhone and iPad. It is designed to scan in a photograph or graphic and ?play? an associated video. This release, SNLMagicSIM, was built using Vuforia Augmented Reality (AR) software development kit (SDK) integrated into Apple iOS SDK application and the Unity Extension-based application. These SDK codes enable the generation of runtime targets using cloud recognition and developer-defined target features which aremorethen accessed by means of a custom application. This application is designed to scan in a photograph or graphic and ?play? an associated video in the device that it was scanned with. The purpose is to enhance print media; specifically for the 2014 HPC Annual Report and the National Laboratories booth at the Super Computing 2014 conference in November 2014. A user will use a QR code to download the application from the Apple Application Store. The application is designed to recognize identified graphics and ?play? associated videos on the same devise that is used to scan the graphic.less

  6. Response of a fluid-immersed microcantilever close to a deformable body

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, R. J.; Lee, T. C.; Cater, J. E.; Bachtiar, V.; Minton, J.

    2015-03-07

    The importance of hydrodynamics upon the response of a microcantilever immersed in a viscous fluid has been well established [J. E. Sader, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 64 (1998); C. A. Eysden and J. E. Sader, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 044908 (2007)]. It has previously been shown that the presence of a nearby rigid planar surface can significantly alter a microcantilever's non-contact response, through microcantilever–surface hydrodynamic interactions [C. P. Green and J. E. Sader, Phys. Fluids 17, 073102 (2005); C. P. Green and J. E. Sader, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 114913 (2005); R. J. Clarke et al., J. Fluid Mech. 545, 397426 (2005); R. J. Clarke et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 050801 (2006).]. In cases where the nearby surface is a finite-sized deformable body, such as in noncontact microrheology measurements, we expect to see further changes in the microcantilever's response. Hence, we here compute the thermal spectra of several microcantilevers in the presence of different compliant samples that have the characteristics of soft biological fibres. Our findings demonstrate that the elastohydrodynamic regime can substantially dictate the extent to which the compliance of a given body is evident in the microcantilever's thermal spectra, and suggest that certain nondimensional quantities should lie within particular, ranges for this to be the case. We expect these findings to be of interest in areas such as Atomic Force Microscopy, microsensing, and non-contact microrheology.

  7. Spatial and temporal trends in contaminant concentrations in Hexagenia nymphs following a coal ash spill at the Tennessee Valley Authority's Kingston Fossil Plant

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Baker, Tyler F; Jett, Robert Trent; Smith, John G.; Murphy, Cheryl A.

    2016-02-25

    A dike failure at the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston Fossil Plant in East Tennessee, United States, in December 2008, released approximately 4.1 million m3 of coal ash into the Emory River. From 2009 through 2012, samples of mayfly nymphs (Hexagenia bilineata) were collected each spring from sites in the Emory, Clinch, and Tennessee Rivers upstream and downstream of the spill. Samples were analyzed for 17 metals. Concentrations of metals were generally highest the first 2 miles downstream of the spill, and then decreased with increasing distance from the spill. Arsenic, B, Ba, Be, Mo, Sb, Se, Sr, and V appearedmore » to have strong ash signatures, whereas Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, and Pb appeared to be associated with ash and other sources. Furthermore, the concentrations for most of these contaminants were modest and are unlikely to cause widespread negative ecological effects. Trends in Hg, Cd, and Zn suggested little (Hg) or no (Cd, Zn) association with ash. Temporal trends suggested that concentrations of ash-related contaminants began to subside after 2010, but because of the limited time period of that analysis (4 yr), further monitoring is needed to verify this trend. The present study provides important information on the magnitude of contaminant exposure to aquatic receptors from a major coal ash spill, as well as spatial and temporal trends for transport of the associated contaminants in a large open watershed. Environ Toxicol Chem 2016;35:1159 1171. Published 2015 Wiley Periodicals Inc. on behalf of SETAC. This article is a US government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.« less

  8. Solar Means Business: Top U.S. Corporate Solar Users

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar energy makes financial sense. That's why business leaders in America's brightest, most competitive companies are increasingly choosing to install solar energy systems at their facilities. For the third year in a row, not only are more businesses choosing solar, but those that have used solar in the past are doing so again and again on rooftops across America. Walmart, Kohl's, Costco, Apple, IKEA, and more have all embraced solar energy. Collectively, the 25 companies with the most solar capacity in the U.S. now have 1,110 systems totaling 569 MW, generating enough electricity to power more than 115,000 homes. And these companies are installing even more.

  9. Realization of an all optical exciton-polariton router

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsault, Félix; Nguyen, Hai Son; Tanese, Dimitrii; Lemaître, Aristide; Galopin, Elisabeth; Sagnes, Isabelle; Amo, Alberto

    2015-11-16

    We report on the experimental realization of an all optical router for exciton-polaritons. This device is based on the design proposed by Flayac and Savenko [Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 201105 (2013)], in which a zero-dimensional island is connected through tunnel barriers to two periodically modulated wires of different periods. Selective transmission of polaritons injected in the island, into either of the two wires, is achieved by tuning the energy of the island state across the band structure of the modulated wires. We demonstrate routing of ps polariton pulses using an optical control beam which controls the energy of the island quantum states, thanks to polariton-exciton interactions.

  10. US6959895.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cylinder US006959895B2 (10) Patent N0.: (45) Date of Patent: US 6,959,895 B2 Nov. 1, 2005 (54) DUAL WING-PAIR AIR VEHICLE (75) Inventor: David A. Cylinder, New Egypt, NJ (Us) (73) Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy, Washington, DC (US) ( * ) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 36 days. (21) Appl. No.: 10/774,653 (22) Filed: Feb. 4, 2004 (65) Prior Publication Data US

  11. IPAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    I 1 2. AMENDMENT/MODIFICATION NO. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE 4. REQUISITION/PURCHASE REQ. NO. 15. PROJECT NO. (If appl/cab/e) 216 See Block 16C 6. ISSUED BY CODE 05007 7. ADMINISTERED BY (ffother than Ilem 6) CODE \05007 NNSA/Pantex Site Office NNSA/Pantex Site Office U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy NNSA/Pantex Site Office NNSA/Pantex Site Office P.O. Box 30030 P.O. Box 30030 Amarillo TX 79120-0030 Amarillo TX 79120-0030 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No., streot, county, S1ste

  12. NNSA Livermore Field Office donates over 4,000 pounds of food to food banks

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Livermore Field Office donates over 4,000 pounds of food to food banks Friday, October 9, 2015 - 9:00am NNSA Blog The NNSA Livermore Field Office in California donated over 4,000 pounds of food to local food banks, food pantries and other local groups in support of the 2015 Feds Feed Families campaign. As part of the campaign LFO staff, family and friends worked with The Urban Farmers to pick 600 pounds of apples for donation to local

  13. High-resolution methods for preserving the sum of mass fractions: improved ?-scheme and an alternative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Syamlal, Madhava; Benyahia, Sofiane

    2013-11-20

    When high resolution convection schemes are used for discretizing chemical species mass balance equations, the mass fractions are not guaranteed to add to one. We show that a proposed remedy called ?-scheme (Darwish and Moukalled, Comput.Methods Appl.Mech. Engrg. 192 (2003): 1711) will degrade to a diffusive first-order scheme when a chemical species vanishes from the mixture, for example, because of chemical reactions. We propose an improvement to the ?-scheme to overcome this problem. Furthermore, a computationally efficient alternative scheme is proposed and evaluated with several examples, to quantify the improvements in the accuracy and the computational time.

  14. Nanobumps on silicon created with polystyrene spheres and 248 or 308 nm laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piparia, Reema; Rothe, Erhard W.; Baird, R. J.

    2006-11-27

    Huang et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161911 (2005)] formed arrays of nanobumps on a silicon substrate. They applied a 248 nm laser pulse to a surface monolayer of 1-{mu}m-diameter polystyrene spheres. The authors first replicated their experiment with 248 nm light. But when 308 nm pulses were applied instead, the nanobumps had a different shape and composition. At 248 nm, much of the laser light is absorbed in the polystyrene, which serves to quickly distort, melt, and ablate the sphere. At 308 nm, very little light is absorbed. The nanobumps from 248 nm radiation are organic polymers, while those formed with 308 nm pulses are silicon based.

  15. DOE Designated User Facilities Multiple Laboratories

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Department of Energy Gaining Recognition as a Leader," originally presented in May 2013. In addition to this text version of the audio, you can access a recording of the webinar. Sam Rashkin: Slide 1: This is about the DOE Challenge Home as a way for builders to be recognized a leader. Eventually Challenge Home is promoting zero energy ready homes across the country. I believe the business model that we're kinda tapping into is the old Apple business model, which is, they build products

  16. Experimental demonstration of laser to x-ray conversion enhancements with low density gold targets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shang, Wanli; Yang, Jiamin; Zhang, Wenhai; Li, Zhichao; Deng, Bo; Dong, Yunsong; Zhu, Tuo; Huang, Chengwu; Zhan, Xiayu; Mei, Yu; et al

    2016-02-12

    The enhancement of laser to x-ray conversion efficiencies using low density gold targets [W. L. Shang, J. M. Yang, and Y. S. Dong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094105 (2013)] is demonstrated. Laser to x-ray conversion efficiencies with 6.3% and 12% increases are achieved with target densities of 1 and 0.25 g/cm3, when compared with that of a solid gold target (19.3 g/cm3). Experimental data and numerical simulations are in good agreement. Lastly, the enhancement is caused by larger x-ray emission zone lengths formed in low density targets, which is in agreement with the simulation results.

  17. OSTIblog Articles in the Halloween Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Scientific and Technical Information Halloween Topic Halloween and Science by Kate Bannan 27 Oct, 2011 in Science Communications 4356 jack-o-lantern.jpg Halloween and Science Read more about 4356 Halloween is celebrated on October 31, and is one of the world's oldest holidays. It has evolved into a celebration enjoyed by all ages, and includes fun activities like trick-or-treating, dressing up in costumes, carving jack-o'-lanterns, going to a bonfire, apple bobbing, visiting a haunted

  18. Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    70th anniversary app for iPhone, iPads June 5, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory has launched its first app for iPhones and iPads as part of the Laboratory's yearlong celebration of 70 years serving the nation. The free application is available from the Apple Store (search for Los Alamos National Lab). The app enables users to learn more about the Laboratory's national security mission, cutting edge research, unique history, top-flight scientists and the many

  19. PAPERS PUBLISHED April 1, 2010 - March 31, 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 - March 31, 2011 Tests of nuclear half-lives as a function of the host medium and temperature: refutation of recent claims J.C. Hardy, J.R. Goodwin, V.V. Golovko and V.E. Iacob Appl. Rad. and Isot. 68, 1550 (2010). Superallowed nuclear β decay: symmetry breaking, CVC and CKM unitarity J.C. Hardy and I.S. Towner Nucl. Phys. A 844, 138c (2010). Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed β+ emitter 26Si V.E. Iacob, J.C. Hardy, A. Banu, L. Chen, V.V. Golovko, J. Goodwin, V. Horvat, N.

  20. PHOTO BY JAMES CHRZANOWSKI

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PHOTO BY JAMES CHRZANOWSKI After a three-year, $94 million overhaul, the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory's primary fusion reactor has resumed the quest for clean energy. The fusion of parts of the atom inside the reactor could release a near limitless amount of energy and reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, while generating minimal hazardous waste. The upgrade included replacing the center of the apple-shaped reactor with a new 29,000-pound magnetic core (left) and bringing in a 70-ton

  1. Electrolyte Solvation and Ionic Association. V. Acetonitrile-Lithium Bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) Mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Sang D.; Borodin, Oleg; Seo, D. M.; Zhou, Zhi B.; Henderson, Wesley A.

    2014-09-30

    Electrolytes with the salt lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) have been evaluated relative to comparable electrolytes with other lithium salts. Acetonitrile (AN) has been used as a model electrolyte solvent. The information obtained from the thermal phase behavior, solvation/ionic association interactions, quantum chemical (QC) calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations (with an APPLE&P many-body polarizable force field for the LiFSI salt) of the (AN)n-LiFSI mixtures provides detailed insight into the coordination interactions of the FSI- anions and the wide variability noted in the electrolyte transport property (i.e., viscosity and ionic conductivity).

  2. Conceptual Design for Superconducting Planar Helical Undulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sasaki, Shigemi

    2004-05-12

    A preliminary consideration was made on a short-period superconducting planar helical undulator (SCHU) for circularly polarized radiation. The SCHU consists of coils and iron poles/yokes. There is no magnetic structure in the horizontal plane of the electron orbit. The SCHU would provide the large horizontal aperture needed to allow injection into the storage ring. The expected field strength is at least 30% larger than that by an APPLE-type permanent-magnet device with the same gap and the same period.

  3. Compensation of Beam Line Polarizing Effects at UE112 of BESSY II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahrdt, J.; Follath, R.; Frentrup, W.; Gaupp, A.; Scheer, M.

    2010-06-23

    Reflections in synchrotron radiation beam lines tend to change the state of polarization of the radiation. This effect is more pronounced for steep angle of incidence, i.e. at low photon energy (say below 100 eV) beam lines. The APPLE II undulator UE112 at BESSY has all four magnetic rows shiftable and thus generates any state of polarization. To provide any intended polarization state at the sample we perform polarization measurements based on simple and fast linear polarization analysis that together with calculations of the undulator radiation predicts undulator settings that cancel beam line polarization effects.

  4. Commissioning of a Soft X-ray Beamline PF-BL-16A with a Variable-Included-Angle Varied-Line-Spacing Grating Monochromator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amemiya, Kenta; Toyoshima, Akio; Kikuchi, Takashi; Kosuge, Takashi; Nigorikawa, Kazuyuki; Sumii, Ryohei; Ito, Kenji

    2010-06-23

    The design and commissioning of a new soft X-ray beamline, BL-16A, at the Photon Factory is presented. The beamline consists of a pre-focusing mirror, an entrance slit, a variable-included-angle varied-line-spacing plane grating monochromator, and a post-focusing system as usual, and provides circularly and linearly polarized soft X rays in the energy range 200-1500 eV with an APPLE-II type undulator. The commissioning procedure for the beamline optics is described in detail, especially the check of the focal position for the zero-th order and diffracted X rays.

  5. Computers for artificial intelligence a technology assessment and forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, R.K.

    1986-01-01

    This study reviews the development and current state-of-the-art in computers for artificial intelligence, including LISP machines, AI workstations, professional and engineering workstations, minicomputers, mainframes, and supercomputers. Major computer systems for AI applications are reviewed. The use of personal computers for expert system development is discussed, and AI software for the IBM PC, Texas Instrument Professional Computer, and Apple MacIntosh is presented. Current research aimed at developing a new computer for artificial intelligence is described, and future technological developments are discussed.

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3 2007 Personal Computer Manufacturer Market Shares (Percent of Products Produced) Desktop Computer Portable Computer Company Market Share (%) Market Share (%) Dell 32% 25% Hewlett-Packard 24% 26% Gateway 5% 4% Apple 4% 9% Acer America 3% N/A IBM 1% N/A Micron 0% N/A Toshiba N/A 12% Levono (IBM) N/A 6% Sony N/A 5% Fujitsu Siemens N/A 1% Others 30% 13% Total 100% 100% Note(s): Source(s): Total Desktop Computer Units Shipped: 34,211,601 Total Portable Computer Units Shipped: 30,023,844

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - New Employee.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    E l New Employee Orientation For CAMD/LSU Safety and Environmental Policies * LSU has implemented several policies * These policies are meant to protect * These policies are meant to protect you, the worker, as well as the university university * LSU policy statements may be found li t on line at: http://appl003.lsu.edu/ups.nsf/ByNumber?OpenView PS-67 * Illegal use of Drugs/Alcohol g g / - Drug free workplace - Misuse of alcohol - possession or consumption violates this policy violates this

  8. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Halloween and Science by Kate Bannan on Thu, October 27, 2011 4356 jack-o-lantern.jpg Halloween and Science Read more about 4356 Halloween is celebrated on October 31, and is one of the world's oldest holidays. It has evolved into a celebration enjoyed by all ages, and includes fun activities like trick-or-treating, dressing up in costumes, carving jack-o'-lanterns, going to a bonfire, apple bobbing, visiting a haunted house and

  9. T-551: Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Cisco WebEx Player Vulnerabilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy 51: Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Cisco WebEx Player Vulnerabilities T-551: Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Cisco WebEx Player Vulnerabilities February 7, 2011 - 7:56am Addthis PROBLEM: Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Cisco WebEx Player Vulnerabilities. PLATFORM: Cisco WebEx recording players. Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X, and Linux versions of the player are all affected. Affected versions of the players are those prior to client builds T27LC SP22 and

  10. ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS PUBLISHED

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 - March 31, 2011 Tests of nuclear half-lives as a function of host temperature: refutation of recent claims, J.C. Hardy, J.R. Goodwin, V.V. Golovko and V.E. Iacob, Appl. Rad. and Isot. 68, 1550 (2010). Superallowed nuclear β decay: symmetry breaking, CVC and CKM unitarity, J.C. Hardy and I.S. Towner, Nucl. Phys. A 844, 138c (2010). Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed β + emitter 26 Si, V.E. Iacob, J.C. Hardy, A. Banu, L. Chen, V.V. Golovko, J. Goodwin, V. Horvat, N. Nica, H.I.

  11. DOE Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Amend the External Power Supply Test

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Procedure; Docket No. EERE-2014-BT-TP-0043 / RIN 1904-AD36 | Department of Energy Proposed Rulemaking to Amend the External Power Supply Test Procedure; Docket No. EERE-2014-BT-TP-0043 / RIN 1904-AD36 DOE Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Amend the External Power Supply Test Procedure; Docket No. EERE-2014-BT-TP-0043 / RIN 1904-AD36 On 12/19/2014, Apple Inc. met with DOE to discuss the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Amend the External Power Supply Test Procedure. EPS TP Ex Parte

  12. CONTINATION HEETIREFERENCE NO. OF DOCUMENT BEING CONTINUED AEO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOCUMENT BEING CONTINUED AEO COTIUAIN IET DE-AC27--08RV14800/046 2G OF NAME OF OFFEROR OR CONTRACTOR WASHINGTON RIVER PROTECTION SOLUTIONS LLC ITEM NO. SUPPLIES/SERVICES QUANTITY UNIT UNIT PRICE AMOUNT (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) ORP-00014 TOO Funds Fund 01250 Appr Year 2010 Allottee 34 Reportng Enity 4231.11 Object Class 25200 Program 1111412 Project 0004262 WFO 0000000 Local Use 0000000 Amount: $1,200,000.00 ORP 0014 TOO Fund 01250 AppL Ye~ir 2010 Reporting Entity 421301 Object Class 25200

  13. 2006 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 2006 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources On their Allocation Year 2007 ERCAP Request Forms Principal Investigators reported 1,437 refereed publications (published or submitted) for the preceding 12 months, based on using, at least in part, NERSC resources. A PI Mowfak Al-Jassim Y. Yan, M.M. Al-Jassim, and S.-H. Wei Doping of ZnO with group-IB elements Appl. Phys. Lett. In press (2006) Y. Yan, R. Noufi, and M.M. Al-Jassim Grain-Boundary Physics in Polycrystalline CuInSe2

  14. 2007 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 2007 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources On their Allocation Year 2008 ERCAP Request Forms Principal Investigators reported 1,464 refereed publications (published or submitted) for the preceding 12 months, based on using, at least in part, NERSC resources. A PI Mowfak Al-Jassim Y. Yan, J. L. F. Da Silva, S.-H. Wei, and M. Al-Jassim, "Atomic structure of In2O3ZnO system" Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261904 (2007). Y. Yan, J. Li, S.-H. Wei, and M. Al-Jassim, A possible

  15. 2007 Publications | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Publications A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Abel E., Matan K., Chou F., Isaacs E., Moncton D., Sinn H., Alatas A., and Lee Y., "X-ray Scattering study of the spin-Peierls transition and soft phonon behavior in TiOCI," Phys. Rev. B, 76 (2007) Ahn W., Sheeley S. A., Rajh T., and Cropek D. M., "Photocatalytic Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol with Arginine-Modified Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles," Appl. Catal.

  16. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    first nationally televised nuclear shot, "Annie" was conducted on March 17, 1953. Annie was also part of a civil effects test named Operation Cue, conducted by the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA). On May 5, 1955 a 29-kiloton device named Apple 2 was detonated from a 500- foot tower on Yucca Flat at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. It was the second nationally televised nuclear test

  17. Potential value of Cs-137 capsules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Hazelton, R.F.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lezberg, A.J.; Tingey, G.L.; Wilfert, G.L.

    1985-04-01

    We determined the value of Cs-137 compared to Co-60 as a source for the irradiation of fruit (apples and cherries), pork and medical supplies. Cs-137, in the WESF capsule form, had a value of approximately $0.40/Ci as a substitute for Co-60 priced at approximately $1.00/Ci. The comparison was based on the available curies emitted from the surface of each capsule. We developed preliminary designs for fourteen irradiation facilities; seven were based on Co-60 and seven were based on Cs-137. These designs provided the basis for estimating capital and operating costs which, in turn, provided the basis for determining the value of Cs-137 relative to Co-60 in these applications. We evaluated the effect of the size of the irradiation facility on the value of Cs-137. The cost of irradiation is low compared to the value of the product. Irradiation of apples for disinfestation costs $.01 to .02 per pound. Irradiation for trichina-safe pork costs $.02 per pound. Irradiation of medical supplies for sterilization costs $.07 to .12 per pound. The cost of the irradiation source, either Co-60 or Cs-137, contributed only a minor amount to the total cost of irradiation, about 5% for the fruit and hog cases and about 20% for the medical supply cases. We analyzed the sensitivity of the irradiation costs and Cs-137 value to several key assumptions.

  18. Databrowser API for MCL

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2004-07-01

    This code provides an application programming interface to the Macintosh OSX Carbon Databrowser from Macintosh Common Lisp. The Databrowser API is made available to Lisp via high level native CLOS classes and methods, obviating the need to write low-level Carbon code. This code is primarily ‘glue’ in that its job is to provide an interface between two extant software tools: Macintosh Common Lisp and the OSX Databrowser, both of which are COTS products from privatemore » vendors. The Databrowser is an extremely useful user interface widget that is provided with Apple’s OSX (and to some extent, OS9) operating systems. One Apple-sanctioned method for using the Databrowser is via an API called Carbon, which is designed for C and C++ programmers. We have translated the low-level Carbon programming interface to the Databrowser into high-level object-oriented Common Lisp calls, functions, methods. and classes to enable MCL programmers to more readily take advantage of the Databrowser from Lisp programs.« less

  19. Correlating sampling and intensity statistics in nanoparticle diffraction experiments

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Öztürk, Hande; Yan, Hanfei; Hill, John P.; Noyan, I. Cevdet

    2015-07-28

    It is shown in a previous article [Öztürk, Yan, Hill & Noyan (2014).J. Appl. Cryst.47, 1016–1025] that the sampling statistics of diffracting particle populations within a polycrystalline ensemble depended on the size of the constituent crystallites: broad X-ray peak breadths enabled some nano-sized particles to contribute more than one diffraction spot to Debye–Scherrer rings. Here it is shown that the equations proposed by Alexander, Klug & Kummer [J. Appl. Phys.(1948),19, 742–753] (AKK) to link diffracting particle and diffracted intensity statistics are not applicable if the constituent crystallites of the powder are below 10 nm. In this size range, (i) themore » one-to-one correspondence between diffracting particles and Laue spots assumed in the AKK analysis is not satisfied, and (ii) the crystallographic correlation between Laue spots originating from the same grain invalidates the assumption that all diffracting plane normals are randomly oriented and uncorrelated. Such correlation produces unexpected results in the selection of diffracting grains. For example, three or more Laue spots from a given grain for a particular reflection can only be observed at certain wavelengths. In addition, correcting the diffracted intensity values by the traditional Lorentz term, 1/cos θ, to compensate for the variation of particles sampled within a reflection band does not maintain fidelity to the number of poles contributing to the diffracted signal. A new term, cos θB/cos θ, corrects this problem.« less

  20. Oracle Applications Patch Administration Tool (PAT) Beta Version

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2002-01-04

    PAT is a Patch Administration Tool that provides analysis, tracking, and management of Oracle Application patches. This includes capabilities as outlined below: Patch Analysis & Management Tool Outline of capabilities: Administration Patch Data Maintenance -- track Oracle Application patches applied to what database instance & machine Patch Analysis capture text files (readme.txt and driver files) form comparison detail report comparison detail PL/SQL package comparison detail SQL scripts detail JSP module comparison detail Parse and loadmore » the current applptch.txt (10.7) or load patch data from Oracle Application database patch tables (11i) Display Analysis -- Compare patch to be applied with current Oracle Application installed Appl_top code versions Patch Detail Module comparison detail Analyze and display one Oracle Application module patch. Patch Management -- automatic queue and execution of patches Administration Parameter maintenance -- setting for directory structure of Oracle Application appl_top Validation data maintenance -- machine names and instances to patch Operation Patch Data Maintenance Schedule a patch (queue for later execution) Run a patch (queue for immediate execution) Review the patch logs Patch Management Reports« less

  1. Final Task Report on NRF Measurements of Photon Scattering Resonances in Plutonium at the High Voltage Research Laboratory of MIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, M S; McNabb, D P; Norman, E B

    2007-02-23

    Conclusions of this report are that there are 13 new transitions associated with NRF states in {sup 239}Pu that have been discovered. These resonances are between 2- and 2.5-MeV relative to the ground state in {sup 239}Pu. The strengths of most these resonances are between 15 and 20 eV b. This approximately is the strength required for using the transmission detection method for NRF [Pruet et al J. Appl. Phys. 99 12310 (2006)] for six-sigma alarm confidence levels. Future measurements on {sup 239}Pu at higher photon energies are necessary to probe for NRF strengths at higher energies. Such resonances may be more advantageous to the NRF technique with FINDER if they are stronger or if the mean free path of these energetic photons is longer.

  2. Anaerobic Biotransformation and Mobility of Pu and PuEDTA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xun, Luying

    2005-06-01

    Although our goal is to isolate anaerobic EDTA degraders, we initiated the experiments to include nitrilotriacetate (NTA), which is a structure homologue of EDTA. All the aerobic EDTA degraders can degrade NTA, but the isolated NTA degraders cannot degrade EDTA. Since NTA is a simpler structure homologue, it is likely that EDTA-degrading ability is evolved from NTA degradation. This hypothesis is further supported from our characterization of EDTA and NTA-degrading enzymes and genes (J. Bact. 179:1112-1116; and Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:688-695). The EDTA monooxygenase and NTA monooxygenase are highly homologous. EDTA monooxygenase can use both EDTA and NTA as substrates, but NTA monooxygenase can only use NTA as a substrate. Thus, we put our effort to isolate both NTA and EDTA degraders. In case, an anaerobic EDTA degrader is not immediately enriched, we will try to evolve the NTA degraders to use EDTA. Both aerobic and anaerobic enrichment cultures were set.

  3. The influence of the secondary electron induced asymmetry on the electrical asymmetry effect in capacitively coupled plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korolov, Ihor; Derzsi, Aranka; Donkó, Zoltán; Schulze, Julian

    2013-08-05

    In geometrically symmetric capacitive radio-frequency plasmas driven by two consecutive harmonics, a dc self-bias can be generated as a function of the phase shift between the driving frequencies via the Electrical Asymmetry Effect (EAE). Recently, the Secondary Electron Asymmetry Effect (SEAE) was discovered (Lafleur et al., J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46, 135201 (2013)): unequal secondary electron emission coefficients at both electrodes were found to induce an asymmetry in single-frequency capacitive plasmas. Here, we investigate the simultaneous presence of both effects, i.e., a dual-frequency plasma driven by two consecutive harmonics with different electrode materials. We find that the superposition of the EAE and the SEAE is generally non-linear, i.e., the asymmetries generated by each individual effect do not simply add up at all phases. The control ranges of the dc self-bias and the mean ion energy can be enlarged, if both effects are combined.

  4. Optimal ancilla-free Pauli+V circuits for axial rotations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blass, Andreas; Bocharov, Alex; Gurevich, Yuri

    2015-12-15

    We address the problem of optimal representation of single-qubit rotations in a certain unitary basis consisting of the so-called V gates and Pauli matrices. The V matrices were proposed by Lubotsky, Philips, and Sarnak [Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 40, 401–420 (1987)] as a purely geometric construct in 1987 and recently found applications in quantum computation. They allow for exceptionally simple quantum circuit synthesis algorithms based on quaternionic factorization. We adapt the deterministic-search technique initially proposed by Ross and Selinger to synthesize approximating Pauli+V circuits of optimal depth for single-qubit axial rotations. Our synthesis procedure based on simple SL{sub 2}(ℤ) geometry is almost elementary.

  5. Absorbance and fluorometric sensing with capillary wells microplates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan, Han Yen; Cheong, Brandon Huey-Ping; Neild, Adrian; Wah Ng, Tuck; Liew, Oi Wah

    2010-12-15

    Detection and readout from small volume assays in microplates are a challenge. The capillary wells microplate approach [Ng et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 174105 (2008)] offers strong advantages in small liquid volume management. An adapted design is described and shown here to be able to detect, in a nonimaging manner, fluorescence and absorbance assays minus the error often associated with meniscus forming at the air-liquid interface. The presence of bubbles in liquid samples residing in microplate wells can cause inaccuracies. Pipetting errors, if not adequately managed, can result in misleading data and wrong interpretations of assay results; particularly in the context of high throughput screening. We show that the adapted design is also able to detect for bubbles and pipetting errors during actual assay runs to ensure accuracy in screening.

  6. Perspectives on using implicit type constitutive relations in the modelling of the behaviour of non-Newtonian fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janečka, Adam Průša, Vít

    2015-04-28

    We discuss the benefits of using the so-called implicit type constitutive relations introduced by K. R. Rajagopal, J. Fluid Mech. 550, 243-249 (2006) and K. R. Rajagopal, Appl. Math. 48, 279-319 (2003) in the description of the behaviour of non-Newtonian fluids. In particular, we focus on the benefits of using the implicit type constitutive relations in the mathematical modelling of fluids in which the shear stress/shear rate dependence is given by an S-shaped curve, and in modelling of fluids that exhibit nonzero normal stress differences. We also discuss a thermodynamical framework that allows one to cope with the implicit type constitutive relations.

  7. Memory-bit selection and recording by rotating fields in vortex-core cross-point architecture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Y. -S.; Jung, H.; Lee, K. -S.; Fischer, P.; Kim, S. -K.

    2010-10-21

    In one of our earlier studies [Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 022509 (2008)], we proposed a concept of robust information storage, recording and readout, which can be implementaed in nonvolatile magnetic random-access memories and is based on the energetically degenerated twofold ground states of vortex-core magnetizations. In the present study, we experimentally demonstrate reliable memory-bit selection and information recording in vortex-core cross-point architecture, specifically using a two-by-two vortex-state disk array. In order to efficiently switch a vortex core positioned at the intersection of crossed electrodes, two orthogonal addressing electrodes are selected, and then two Gaussian pulse currents of optimal pulse width and time delay are applied. Such tailored pulse-type rotating magnetic fields which occurs only at the selected intersection is prerequisite for a reliable memory-bit selection and low-power-consumption recording of information in the existing cross-point architecture.

  8. Regular perturbation solution of the Elenbaas-Heller equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaw, B.D.

    2006-02-01

    The Elenbaas-Heller equation is nondimensionalized and solved using regular perturbation theory to provide closed-form analytical solutions to describe structures of cylindrically symmetrical steady electric arc discharges with negligible radiant heat transfer. Based on available data, it is assumed that the electrical conductivity varies with the heat-flux potential in an Arrhenius fashion. The leading-order solution is equivalent to an asymptotic solution proposed by Kuiken [J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1833 (1991)]. Higher-order terms are also derived in the present paper, and it is shown that quantitatively accurate analytical solutions can be developed when higher-order terms are included. Analysis shows that appreciable Joule heating is restricted to an inner zone when a dimensionless parameter is large relative to unity, leading to arc-channel models suggested by previous investigators.

  9. An efficient method for unfolding kinetic pressure driven VISAR data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Harry Hess; Peterson, Kyle; Harvey-Thompson, Adam James

    2015-08-18

    Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) [Barker and Hollenbach, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4669 (1972)] is a well-known diagnostic that is employed on many shock physics and pulsed-power experiments. With the VISAR diagnostic, the velocity on the surface of any metal flyer can be found. For most experiments employing VISAR, either a kinetic pressure [Grady, Mech. Mater. 29, 181 (1998)] or a magnetic pressure [Lemke et al., Intl J. Impact Eng. 38, 480 (2011)] drives the motion of the flyer. Moreover, reliable prediction of the time-dependent pressure is often a critical component to understanding the physics of these experiments. Although VISAR can provide a precise measurement of a flyer’s surface velocity, the real challenge of this diagnostic implementation is using this velocity to unfold the time-dependent pressure. The purpose of this study is to elucidate a new method for quickly and reliably unfolding VISAR data.

  10. Feasibility of irradiating Washington fruits and vegetables for Asian export markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eakin, D.E.; Hazelton, R.F.; Young, J.K.; Prenguber, B.A.; O'Rourke, A.D.; Heim, M.N.

    1987-05-01

    US agricultural export marketing opportunities are limited by the existence of trade barriers in many overseas countries. For example, Japan and South Korea do not permit the importation of apples due to their stated concern over codling moth infestation. One of the purposes of this study was to evaluate the potential of exporting irradiated fruits and vegetables from Washington State to overcome existing trade barriers and prevent the establishment of future barriers. The Asian countries specifically evaluated in this study are Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore. Another purpose of this project was to determine the feasibility of locating an irradiation facility in Washington State. Advantages that irradiated agricultural products would bring in terms of price and quality in export markets were also evaluated.