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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Exposure information in environmental health research: Current opportunities and future directions for particulate matter, ozone, and toxic air pollutants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

urban analysis of air pollution health effects, remainsderived from community air pollution health studies. Recentused to link them, in air pollution health studies including

McKone, Thomas E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Exposure information in environmental health research: Current opportunities and future directions for particulate matter, ozone, and toxic air pollutants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding and quantifying outdoor and indoor sources of human exposure are essential but often not adequately addressed in health-effects studies for air pollution. Air pollution epidemiology, risk assessment, health tracking and accountability assessments are examples of health-effects studies that require but often lack adequate exposure information. Recent advances in exposure modeling along with better information on time-activity and exposure factors data provide us with unique opportunities to improve the assignment of exposures for both future and ongoing studies linking air pollution to health impacts. In September 2006, scientists from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) along with scientists from the academic community and state health departments convened a symposium on air pollution exposure and health in order to identify, evaluate, and improve current approaches for linking air pollution exposures to disease. This manuscript presents the key issues, challenges and recommendations identified by the exposure working group, who used cases studies of particulate matter, ozone, and toxic air pollutant exposure to evaluate health-effects for air pollution. One of the over-arching lessons of this workshop is that obtaining better exposure information for these different health-effects studies requires both goal-setting for what is needed and mapping out the transition pathway from current capabilities to meeting these goals. Meeting our long-term goals requires definition of incremental steps that provide useful information for the interim and move us toward our long-term goals. Another over-arching theme among the three different pollutants and the different health study approaches is the need for integration among alternate exposure assessment approaches. For example, different groups may advocate exposure indicators, biomonitoring, mapping methods (GIS), modeling, environmental media monitoring, and/or personal exposure modeling. However, emerging research reveals that the greatest progress comes from integration among two or more of these efforts.

McKone, Thomas E.; Ryan, P. Barry; Ozkaynak, Haluk

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Air Pollution 7.1 INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 7 Air Pollution 7.1 INTRODUCTION 7.2 OVERVIEW OF EMISSIONS 7.3 THE CLEAN AIR ACT 7.4 THE POLLUTANT STANDARDS INDEX 7.5 CRITERIA POLLUTANTS 7.6 TOXIC AIR POLLUTANTS 7.7 AIR POLLUTION IN THE WORLD'S MEGACITIES 7.8 MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS 7.9 STATIONARY SOURCES 7.10 AIR POLLUTION AND METEOROLOGY 7

Kammen, Daniel M.

4

Air Pollution Issues of the 1990's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 1990 will contain. However, many political and economic battles remain to be fought. Currently, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that more than $30 billion a year is being spent to control air pollution in this country (1... or simply air toxics. Like ambient ozone nonattainment, air toxics exemplify the pollution problems of the 1990's. Toxic air emissions often occur in tiny amounts compared to criteria pollutants. The causes and effects can vary dramatically from city...

Myers, J. C.

5

Air Pollution Spring 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATS 555 Air Pollution Spring 2010 T Th 11:00 ­ 12:15, NESB 101 Instructor: Prof. Sonia Kreidenweis an understanding of types and sources of air pollution. 2. Examine concentrations of air pollutants and their effects on health and welfare. Review regulations governing air pollution. 3. Examine the meteorological

6

Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion Practical Air Pollution Dispersion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion 1 of 5 Practical ­ Air Pollution Dispersion in the lectures how such models can be used to explain observed concentrations of air pollutants in an area and to test `what-if' scenarios for pollution control and reduction. You will use the Gaussian Plume Model

Moncrieff, John B.

7

Air toxic emissions from the combustion of coal: Identifying and quantifying hazardous air pollutants from US coals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses the key air toxic emissions likely to emanate from continued and expanded use of domestic coal. It identifies and quantifies those trace elements specified in the US 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, by tabulating selected characterization data on various source coals by region, state, and rank. On the basis of measurements by various researchers, this report also identifies those organic compounds likely to be derived from the coal combustion process (although their formation is highly dependent on specific boiler configurations and operating conditions).

Szpunar, C.B.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

on man, nature & air pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on man, nature & air pollution About three decades ago, itand episodes of air pollution the following summer. Wetthe increase in air pollution. This hypothesis generated

Finlayson-Pitts, Barbara J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Toxic Pollution Prevention Act (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the purpose of this Act to reduce the disposal and release of toxic substances which may have adverse and serious health and environmental effects, to promote toxic pollution prevention as...

10

Air Pollutant Data for Linking Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollutant Data for Linking Studies New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services #12;New Jersey Close-up View View from Space #12;Air Pollutant/Health Linking Studies in New Jersey · CDC 03074 ­ Air toxics (carcinogens) in relation to: · incidence of selected cancers · prevalence of selected

11

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Emergency Department Visits Kristi Busico ambient air pollutants and cardiovascular disease (CVD), the roles of the physicochemical components the relation between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular conditions using ambient air quality data

Mulholland, James A.

12

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Japanese Union of Air Pollution Prevention Associations,The Status of Indoor Air Pollution Research 1976, GeometAnnual Meeting of the Air Pollution Control Association,

Hollowell, C.D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Review: Integrating Climate, Energy and Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate, Energy and Air Pollution By Gary Bryner with RobertEnergy, and Air Pollution. Cambridge, Massachusetts, The MITClimate, Energy, and Air Pollution provides a well-

Toohey, David E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Air Pollution & Health in Rapidly Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For example, Air Pollution and Health Studies in theAssessment of Air Pollution and Health is illustrative inReview: Air Pollution & Health in Rapidly Developing

Bucher, Scott

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Air Pollution Socio-Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic Air Pollution and Socio-Economic Status Gregory C Pratt PhD Kristie Ellickson PhD #12 · Relationships #12;Living near traffic increases exposure to air pollution and is associated with adverse health exposed to traffic and air pollution. They are also more vulnerable and have an increased risk of adverse

Minnesota, University of

16

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and Respiratory Emergency Department Visits Jennifer L. Peel pollution and respiratory outcomes. More refined assessment has been limited by study size and available air quality data. Methods: Measurements of 5 pollutants (particulate matter PM10 , ozone, nitrogen dioxide NO2

Mulholland, James A.

17

March 29, 2007 Mobile Source Air Toxics Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 6 were identified as significant contributors to national emissions of hazardous air pollutants EPA Mobile Source Air Toxics Rules March 2001 rule relied on existing control programs (Tier 2March 29, 2007 Mobile Source Air Toxics Analysis for FHWA Projects Jeff Houk FHWA Resource Center

Minnesota, University of

18

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Status of Indoor Air Pollution Research 1976. GeometNovakov, T. : Formation of Pollution Particulate NitrogenGENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION Dr. C. D. Hollowell, Dr. R.

Hollowell, C.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Stochastic Microenvironment Models for Air Pollution Exposure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

human exposure to air pollution." SIMS Technical Report No.human exposure to air pollution." Environment International.Annual Meeting of the A i r Pollution Control Association,

Naihua Duan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

contain instructions for the operation and monitoring of air pollution control equipment, as well as comments on procedures in the event of equipment breakdown, failure, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics sources Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Summary: standards for air pollutants Second semi-annual exceedance report July 30 Air Toxics Inventory State Compare......

22

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics regulatory Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Summary: standards for air pollutants Second semi-annual exceedance report July 30 Air Toxics Inventory State Compare......

23

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient air toxics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indicators Project; CDC, NCEH, EHHE; January 2006 7 Summary: pollutants in ambient air Hazardous or toxic substances released in ambient air Residence in non... Indicators...

24

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics exposure Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indicators Project; CDC, NCEH, EHHE; January 2006 7 Summary: pollutants in ambient air Hazardous or toxic substances released in ambient air Residence in non... Indicators...

25

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics compliance Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Summary: standards for air pollutants Second semi-annual exceedance report July 30 Air Toxics Inventory State Compare......

26

Colorado Air Pollution Control Division - Construction Permits...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Colorado Air Pollution Control Division - Construction Permits Forms and Air Pollutant Emission...

27

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics releases Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Cu) and lead (Pb) (typically) Toxic chemical release reporting... standards for air pollutants Second semi-annual exceedance report July ... Source: Wechsler, Risa H. - Kavli...

28

Climate Change, the Clean Air Act, and Industrial Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Act, and Industrial Pollution Professor Alice Kaswan* I.a. Existing Air Pollution. . b. Do Climate Policieson Cli- mate Change, Pollution, and the Clean Air Act." I

Kaswan, Alice

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Health effects of air pollution: some historical notes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that was his first air pollution health effects committeeand direction of air pollution health effects research inof community air pollution, including health ef- fects, has

Whittenberger, J L

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Assessments of biofuel sustainability: air pollution and health impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability: Air Pollution and Health Impacts By Chi-and indirect air-pollution and health impacts throughout theparticularly air pollution and health impacts. In this

Tsao, Chi-Chung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Air Quality: Air Pollutants, SLAC Emissions Sources, and Regulatory Reference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

permit regulations are designed to track, record, and control air pollutants belonging to severalAir Quality: Air Pollutants, SLAC Emissions Sources, and Regulatory Reference Department: Chemical on chemical classifications. This reference outlines major categories of air pollutants found at SLAC

Wechsler, Risa H.

32

Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Arkansas Air Pollution Control code is adopted pursuant to Subchapter 2 of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101). ) By authority of the same State...

33

Rapid guide to hazardous air pollutants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concise and easy to use, this book brings together a wealth of hard-to-gather information in one compact pocket guide. It offers--in alphabetical order--detailed profiles of the 189 elements and compounds determined to be hazardous air pollutants by the 1990 Amendments of the Clean Air Act. The profile for each pollutant includes: fundamental identification data (CAS number, molecular formula, formula weight, synonyms); uses (primarily in the manufacture of chemicals and as a component in the manufacturing process); physical properties (such as boiling point, density, vapor pressures, color); chemical properties (such as air/water reactivity, reactivity with skin or metal, flash point, heat of combustion); health risks, including toxic exposure guidelines, toxicity data, and acute and chronic risks; hazard risks (the substance`s potential for accidents, fires, explosions, corrosion, and chemical incompatibility); exposure routes tracking the activities, environment, sources, and occupations that tend to lead to exposure; regulatory status, listing the primary laws and citations of regulated chemicals; and important additional information on symptoms, first aid, firefighting methods, protective equipment, and safe storage.

Beim, H.J.; Spero, J.; Theodore, L.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

Air Pollution, ATS555 Colorado State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution, ATS555 Colorado State University Fall 2014 Mondays and Wednesdays @ 4:00 ­ 5:30 Room://ramct.colostate.edu/) Textbooks: Air Pollution: Its Origin and Control, 3rd Edition, by Wark, Warner and Davis, Addison Wesley. Specific objectives include: 1. Develop an understanding of types and sources of air pollution. 2. Examine

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

35

Scottish Air Pollution and Health Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scottish Air Pollution and Health Workshop Session 4 Joint Research Policy Needs and Interactions needs and how can we work together effectively on these to reduce the adverse effects of air pollution together effectively on these to reduce the adverse effects of air pollution in Scotland. Modelling

36

3, 35433588, 2003 3-D air pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution modelling L. M. Frohn et al. Title Page Abstract hemispheric nested air pollution model L. M. Frohn, J. H. Christensen, J. Brandt, C. Geels, and K. M. Hansen 2003 Correspondence to: L. M. Frohn (lmf@dmu.dk) 3543 #12;ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution

Boyer, Edmond

37

Physiological responses to air pollutants G. Halbwachs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physiological responses to air pollutants G. Halbwachs Zentrum fur Umwelt- und Naturschutz of fumigation experiments on young plants could be utilized for inter- preting some effects when air pollution of the interaction between air pollution and the forest ecosystem, where not only emission stress is at hand

Boyer, Edmond

38

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 7 - Emission of Air Contaminant...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

with the enjoyment of life and property. The criteria for determining compliance is listed in the regulations, and is based on other air pollution and ambient air standards...

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics provisions Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Center Collection: Physics 64 Assembly Bill No. 118 CHAPTER 750 Summary: air pollutants and air toxics. (j) This act will be implemented in a manner to ensure the fair......

40

Look both ways: IE's Sarav Arunachalam models air pollution near roadways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Look both ways: IE's Sarav Arunachalam models air pollution near roadways IE Research Associate potent carcinogens. These toxic pollutants have strong associations with other adverse health effects and depletion of air pollution within the first 550 yards downwind of the roadway and look at exposure patterns

Engel, Jonathan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Air Pollution: History Air Pollution: Any atmospheric constituent present as a result of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution: History Air Pollution: Any atmospheric constituent present as a result, or materials. Before 1200 AD · Air pollution results from wood burning, tanning, decaying trash, smelting with carbon PbO + C -> Pb + CO Pollutants Produced: CO, SO2 ·Hong, et al., Greenland ice evidence

Weber, Rodney

42

Quantifying precipitation suppression due to air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying precipitation suppression due to air Pollution First author: Amir Givati The Hebrew January 2004 #12;ABSTRACT: Urban and industrial air pollution has been shown qualitatively to suppress of the ratio of hill/coast precipitation during the 20th century in polluted areas in line with the increasing

Li, Zhanqing

43

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Electricity Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

species) control technology criteria pollutant air pollutantControl Cogen Urban Santa Maria Elevated Data sources: Emissions: 1999 National Emissions Inventory for Hazardous Air Pollutants (

Heath, Garvin A.; Granvold, Patrick W.; Hoats, Abigail S.; Nazaroff, William W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

air pollutants neshaps: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mills licensed and regulated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory 2 Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion Practical Air Pollution Dispersion Geosciences Websites Summary:...

45

air pollutants neshap: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mills licensed and regulated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory 2 Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion Practical Air Pollution Dispersion Geosciences Websites Summary:...

46

Inhalation intake of ambient air pollution in California's South Coast Air Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the impacts on air pollution and health of urban areaas a proxy for air pollution health effects (Bennett etFuel combustion, air pollution exposure, and health: The

Marshall, Julian D.; Granvold, Patrick W.; Hoats, Abigail S.; McKone, Thomas E.; Deakin, Elizabeth; Nazaroff, William W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Air Chemistry and Pollution Spring 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATOC 3500 Air Chemistry and Pollution Spring 2014 Meeting: T/Th, 12:30 ­ 1:45 am; Duane G1B25 in the news; for example, the quality of the air we breathe directly affects our health. In addition to mitigate the effects of air pollution. Finally, we examine some recent examples of atmospheric chemical

Toohey, Darin W.

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution pollution Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution pollution Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

49

Effects of air pollution on vascular thrombosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increases in air pollution, especially the particulate component, are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, possibly through increases in thrombogenic mechanisms. The research presented in this thesis ...

Tabor, Caroline Mary

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

50

General Provisions on Air Pollution Control (Ohio)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This chapter of the law that establishes the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency outlines the air pollution rules to secure and maintain levels of air quality that are consistent with the...

51

Adverse Health Effects of Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adverse Health Effects of Air Pollution Robert W. Haley, M.D. Professor of Medicine Director, Division of Epidemiology University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, Texas ? Texas Medical Association has adopted resolutions... Rice University study of how to maintain energy efficiency while reducing air pollution. ? Supported legislation based on the findings. The Medical Professor Increasingly Concerned ? Asthma ? Emphysema ? Heart Attacks ? Stunted lung...

Haley, R. W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

AT 560 (2 Credits) Air Pollution Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AT 560 (2 Credits) Air Pollution Measurement Spring 2013 Instructor: Jeff Collett, 491 Resolution and Student Conduct Services." #12;ATS 560 - Air Pollution Measurement Spring 2013 Schedule Useful. 11, 13 Atmospheric Aero- sols/Sampling Lab #2: Aerosol and trace gas sampling; 5 Feb. 18, 20 Intro

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics information Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

leachate, Water Air Soil Pollut., 69, pp. 99... or risks? 2-5 June 2009 Toxicity Analysis and Public Health Aspects of Municipal Landfill Leachate: A Case... of these...

54

air pollution studies: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 Traffic-related air pollution exposures and changes in heart rate variability in Mexico City: A panel study MIT - DSpace Summary: Abstract Background While air pollution...

55

Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia...

56

air pollution sources: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reference outlines major categories of air pollutants found at SLAC Wechsler, Risa H. 2 Air pollution sources apportionment in a French urban site Marie Chavent* Physics Websites...

57

SNRB{trademark} air toxics monitoring. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) is currently conducting a project under the DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT II) Program to demonstrate its SO{sub x}NO{sub x}-Rox Box{trademark} (SNRB{trademark}) process in a 5 MWe Field Demonstration Unit at Ohio Edison`s R. E. Burger Plant near Shadyside, Ohio. The objective of the SNRB{trademark} Air Toxics Monitoring Project was to provide data on SNRB{trademark} air toxics emissions control performance to B&W and to add to the DOE/EPRI/EPA data base by quantifying the flow rates of selected hazardous substances (or air toxics) in all of the major input and output streams of the SNRB{trademark} process as well as the power plant. Work under the project included the collection and analysis of representative samples of all major input and output streams of the SNRB{trademark} demonstration unit and the power plant, and the subsequent laboratory analysis of these samples to determine the partitioning of the hazardous substances between the various process streams. Material balances for selected air toxics were subsequently calculated around the SNRB{trademark} and host boiler systems, including the removal efficiencies across each of the major air pollution control devices. This report presents results of the SNRB{trademark} Air Toxics Monitoring Project. In addition to the Introduction, a brief description of the test site, including the Boiler No. 8 and the SNRB{trademark} process, is included in Section H. The concentrations of air toxic emissions are presented in Section II according to compound class. Material balances are included in Section IV for three major systems: boiler, electrostatic precipitator, and SNRB{trademark}. Emission factors and removal efficiencies are also presented according to compound class in Sections V and VI, respectively. A data evaluation is provided in Section VII.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Effects of Air Pollution Control on Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urban air pollution and climate are closely connected due to shared generating processes (e.g., combustion) for emissions of the driving gases and aerosols. They are also connected because the atmospheric lifecycles of ...

Prinn, Ronald G.

59

Health Damages from Air Pollution in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

Matus, Kira

60

PRECOMBUSTION REMOVAL OF HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANT PRECURSORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to growing environmental concerns reflected in the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA), the United States Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored several research and development projects in late 1995 as part of an initiative entitled Advanced Environmental Control Technologies for Coal-Based Power Systems. The program provided cost-shared support for research and development projects that could accelerate the commercialization of affordable, high-efficiency, low-emission, coal-fueled electric generating technologies. Clean coal technologies developed under this program would serve as prototypes for later generations of technologies to be implemented in the industrial sector. In order to identify technologies with the greatest potential for commercial implementation, projects funded under Phase I of this program were subject to competitive review by DOE before being considered for continuation funding under Phase II. One of the primary topical areas identified under the DOE initiative relates to the development of improved technologies for reducing the emissions of air toxics. Previous studies have suggested that many of the potentially hazardous air pollutant precursors (HAPPs) occur as trace elements in the mineral matter of run-of-mine coals. As a result, these elements have the potential to be removed prior to combustion at the mine site by physical coal cleaning processes (i.e., coal preparation). Unfortunately, existing coal preparation plants are generally limited in their ability to remove HAPPs due to incomplete liberation of the mineral matter and high organic associations of some trace elements. In addition, existing physical coal cleaning plants are not specifically designed or optimized to ensure that high trace element rejections may be achieved.

Unknown

2000-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Measuring air pollution using a mobile, bicycle-based platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring air pollution using a mobile, bicycle-based platform Steve Hankey University-walkability Physical activity Air pollution 2 #12;Approach: Mobile, bicycle-based sampling Air pollution measurements.5BlackCarbon Low PollutionHigh Pollution Franklin Ave S, 130,000 pt/cc 8th St S, 19.8 µg/m3 Franklin Ave

Minnesota, University of

62

Mobile Source Air Toxics Rule (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 9, 2007, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its MSAT2 rule, which will establish controls on gasoline, passenger vehicles, and portable fuel containers. The controls are designed to reduce emissions of benzene and other hazardous air pollutants. Benzene is a known carcinogen, and the EPA estimates that mobile sources produced more than 70% of all benzene emissions in 1999. Other mobile source air toxics, including 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, and naphthalene, also are thought to increase cancer rates or contribute to other serious health problems.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Risk assessment of toxic pollutants from fossil fuel power plants: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the development and application of a methodology for assessing the control costs and chronic health risks of toxic pollutant emissions from coal-fired electric power plants. The approach emphasizes surface water discharges and pollution, but incorporates emissions to air, water, soil, and groundwater and transfers of pollutants between these media. The components of the general framework include (1) pollutant emission characterization, (2) environmental transport and fate analysis, (3) population exposure calculation, and (4) quantitative health risk assessment. The report provides a basic overview of the approach, discusses each component in detail, and describes its application to an hypothetical, simplified case study. 234 refs., 32 figs., 32 tabs.

Bolten, J.G.; Morrison, P.F.; Solomon, K.A.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Air pollution and asthma severity in adults Rage Estelle 1 *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air pollution and asthma severity in adults Rage Estelle 1 * , Siroux Val rieé 2 , K nzliü Nino 3 4 that exposure to air pollution affects asthma, but the effect of air pollution on asthma severity has not been outdoor concentrations of air pollution. Methods Asthma severity over the last 12 months was assessed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Ability of Catalytic Converters to Reduce Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOx - 1 Ability of Catalytic Converters to Reduce Air Pollution MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED AIR POLLUTANTS IN CAR EXHAUST Last updated: June 17, 2014 #12;NOx - 2 Ability of Catalytic Converters to Reduce Air Pollution MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED AIR POLLUTANTS IN CAR EXHAUST INTRODUCTION Automobile engines

Nizkorodov, Sergey

66

Session 2: Modelling air pollution across a range of scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Edinburgh BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science Scottish Air Pollution and Health Workshop School;The health effects of air pollution The world-wide effects of air pollution are considerable MORTALITYSession 2: Modelling air pollution across a range of scales Ruth Doherty, Massimo Vieno, Ian Mac

67

air pollution dispersal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion Practical Air Pollution Dispersion Geosciences Websites Summary:...

68

Local air pollutants threaten Lake Tahoes clarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AS (eds. ). Effects of Air Pollution on Western Forests.Air Waste Management Assoc, Transactions Ser No 16, p 279-and support. (California Air Resources Board) for their

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Review: Clearing the Air: The Health and Economic Damages of Air Pollution in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Economic Damages of Air Pollution in China Mun S. Ho andEconomic Damages of Air Pollution in China. Cambridge, MA:the assessment of air pollution and its health and economic

Lee, Joseph

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Review: Clearing the Air: The Health and Economic Damages of Air Pollution in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the assessment of air pollution and its health and economiclargest source of health damages of air pollution in China,to air pollution, and the economic evaluations of health

Lee, Joseph

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Climate Change, the Clean Air Act, and Industrial Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change, the Clean Air Act, and Industrial PollutionCONSIDERATIONS IN CLIMATE POLICY . A.pollutant Considerations into Climate Policy 1.

Kaswan, Alice

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Air pollution kills. So what? Air quality engineering to improve public health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/14/12 1 Air pollution kills. So what? Air quality engineering to improve public health;9/14/12 2 Air Quality Engineering H Air Quality Engineering H #12;9/14/12 3 Really? Air pollution running out of coffins and florists were running out of flowers. -- BBC #12;9/14/12 4 Air pollution

Levinson, David M.

73

Air pollution, the automobile, and public health  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author reviews a volume of articles written by experts in the study of air pollution and its effects. The Health Effects Institute, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, commissioned the articles. Described as an excellent review of scientific and technological work in the field, its weakness is a failure to adequately address risk assessment.

Wilson, R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Optimizing electric utility air toxics compliance with other titles of the Clean Air Act  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of regulatory issues under Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments that could affect electric utilities. Title III contains provisions relating to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) and provides special treatment for electric utilities. Generally, this discussion documents that if utility toxic emissions are regulated, one of the chief difficulties confronting utilities will be the lack of coordination between Title III and other titles of the Act. The paper concludes that if the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) determines that regulation of utility HAPs is warranted under Title III, savings can be realized from flexible compliance treatment.

Loeb, A.P.; South, D.W.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Mississippi Regulations For the Prevention of Air Pollution Emergency Episodes (Mississippi)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of the Mississippi Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution Emergency Episodes is to prevent the excessive buildup of air pollutants during air pollution episodes, thus...

76

The Health and Visibility Cost of Air Pollution: A Comparison of Estimation Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

economics, air pollution, health effects, visibility,Cost of Health Effects of Motor Vehicle Air Pollution. UCD-of the health costs of air pollution (because individuals

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James; McCubbin, Donald

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Assessing Uncertainty in Spatial Exposure Models for Air Pollution Health Effects Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Holgate S. 2002. Air pollution and health. Lancet Brunekreef2006. Bayesian modeling of air pollution health effects withExposure Models for Air Pollution Health Effects Assessment

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Personal and Ambient Air Pollution is Associated with Increased Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Children with Asthma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ambient air pollution and respiratory health in schoolEnvironmental Health Perspectives Air pollution and F ENO inEnvironmental Health Perspectives Air pollution and F ENO in

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Ambient air pollution exposure and full-term birth weight in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D: Particulate air pollution and fetal health. A systematiceffects of air pollution on infant health [31,40], althoughestimates of air pollution impacts on health outcomes. For

Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Jesdale, Bill M; Sadd, James L; Pastor , Manuel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Review: Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions, 2nd ed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, andZ. Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, andAir Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and

Laberge, Yves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ambient air pollutants: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution Engineering Websites Summary: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and...

82

Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board,...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board, Order by Concent Issued to Mirant Potomac River, LLC, Registration No. 70228 Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air...

83

Research priorities for mobile air toxics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Health Effects Institute, a cooperative effort of the auto industry and the EPA, whose mission is to provide health effects information to ensure that motor vehicle emissions do not pose unreasonable risks, recently undertook a project to define priorities for research that would decrease uncertainties in risk assessments for mobile air toxics. At a workshop held in December 1992, scientists from academia, industry, and government worked to identify uncertainties in understanding the potential risk of exposure to mobile air toxics, including methanol, an important potential alternate fuel. Although cancer risk was the primary concern regarding most compounds, there was also much discussion of non-cancer effects of potential importance. Participants discussed research priorities for scientific issues that apply across all compound groups, such as dosimetry, high-to-low dose extrapolation, exposure assessment, and molecular biology approaches.

Not Available

1993-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

84

Hierarchical Bayesian models for space-time air pollution data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hierarchical Bayesian models for space-time air pollution data Sujit K. Sahu June 14, 2011 sets have led to a step change in the analysis of space-time air pollution data. Accurate predictions-time air pollution data and illustrate the benefits of modeling with a real data example on monitoring

Sahu, Sujit K

85

Proceedings of 10th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of 10th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution" September 17-19, 2001 ­ Boulder, Colorado USA Air pollution mapping over a city ­ virtual stations and morphological indicators Surveillance et l'tude de la Pollution atmosphrique en Alsace), Schiltigheim, FRANCE Abstract Air quality

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Modeling impact of urban air pollution on health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling impact of urban air pollution on health: Preliminary results and testing a methodology with hospitals for the study of air pollution impact on specific deceases (old people admitted in emergency morbidity data and pollutants concentrations at the regional/urban scale Health and air quality in France

Menut, Laurent

87

IMMEDIATE COMMUNICATION Air pollution impairs cognition, provokes depressive-like  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMMEDIATE COMMUNICATION Air pollution impairs cognition, provokes depressive-like behaviors Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA Particulate matter air pollution is a pervasive the effects of prolonged exposure to air pollution are well characterized with respect to pulmonary

Nelson, Randy J.

88

ENV 6105 Page 1 of 6 Fall 2011 Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENV 6105 Page 1 of 6 Fall 2011 Syllabus Air Pollution ENV 6105.901 (ref# 90504) Fall 2011 Course Description: A study of air pollution. Emphasis is given to principles underlying our understanding of ambient air pollution, its sources, its effects, and mechanisms for its management. Credit Hours and Work

Stuart, Amy L.

89

Urban Form and Air Pollution in US Urban Areas!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Minnesota Grant No. 0853467 #12;Air Pollution Impacts on Health 2 EPA, 2010 Ozone PM2.5 PM10 Lead NitrogenUrban Form and Air Pollution in US Urban Areas! Center for Transportation Studies Research #12;Purpose and Research Questions 4 Purpose: Explore relationship between air pollution and urban

Minnesota, University of

90

AIR-DEPOSITED POLLUTION IN THE ANACOSTIA RIVER WATERSHED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) provides a summary of major scientific reports on air pollution and public health. The reports includeAIR-DEPOSITED POLLUTION IN THE ANACOSTIA RIVER WATERSHED Annual Progress Report for FY 2005 through the US Department of Interior #12;PROGRESS REPORT: AIR-DEPOSITED POLLUTION IN THE ANACOSTIA RIVER

District of Columbia, University of the

91

REVIEW Open Access Climate change, air pollution and extreme events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Open Access Climate change, air pollution and extreme events leading to increasing dramatically during the past few decades not only in industrialized countries. Urban air pollution from motor be explained only in changes occurred in the environment. Despite some differences in the air pollution profile

92

San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District Best Available Control Technology.4.2 #12;San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control Distri RECEIVED ~ 2 ED ECEIVED www.valleyalr.org SJVAPCD-2370·(661)326-6900"FAX(661)326-6985 #12;San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District TITLE V MODIFICATION

93

Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Home Work Assignment No. 2, Air Pollution Meteorology: Box Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Fall 2008 Home Work Assignment No. 2, Air Pollution to interpret measurements made in Mexico City. Focus mainly on the discussions relating to nitrate aerosol

Weber, Rodney

94

VALMET-A valley air pollution model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following a thorough analysis of meteorological data obtained from deep valleys of western Colorado, a modular air-pollution model has been developed to simulate the transport and diffusion of pollutants released from an elevated point source in a well-defined mountain valley during the nighttime and morning transition periods. This initial version of the model, named VALMET, operates on a valley cross section at an arbitrary distance down-valley from a continuous point source. The model has been constructed to include parameterizations of the major physical processes that act to disperse pollution during these time periods. The model has not been fully evaluated. Further testing, evaluations, and development of the model are needed. Priorities for further development and testing are provided.

Whiteman, C.D.; Allwine, K.J.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Air pollutants effects on forest ecosystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book presents the papers given at a conference on the effects of acid rain on forests. The conference was sponsored by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Topics considered at the conference included the status of US research on acid deposition and its effects contributing factors to the decline of forests, evidence for effects on ecosystems, the effects of air pollutants on forest ecosystems in North America and Europe, forest management, and future scientific research programs and management approaches.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Nutrition Can Modulate the Toxicity of Environmental Pollutants: Implications in Risk Assessment and Human Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental chemical toxicity and associated diseases.environmental pollutants can be chronic throughout life, thus providing oppor- tunities for toxic chemicals to contribute to disease

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient air pollution Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pollution Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ambient air pollution...

98

Old, the new, the states, the evolution of the regulation of air toxics. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The activism associated with America in the 1960s spilled over into many areas, one of which was a new environmental movement. A product of that movement was the Clean Air Act passed in 1970. The new law included a selection aimed specifically at controlling emissions of hazardous or toxic air pollutants. However, over the next 20 years there was very little government regulation of air toxics, and this section of the Clean Air Act was considered to be a resounding failure. What went wrong. How did this lofty goal to protect human health and the environment end up on the back burner. The article will address the idealism that led to the Clean Air Act legislation, in particular the air toxics program, and explore the realities that scuttled those ideals when it came time to implement the law.

Vecera, D.R.

1993-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

99

Air pollution prevention at the Hanford Site: Status and recommendations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the introduction of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and other air and pollution prevention regulations, there has been increased focus on both pollution prevention and air emissions at US DOE sites. The Pollution Prevention (P2) Group of WHC reviewed the status of air pollution prevention with the goal of making recommendations on how to address air emissions at Hanford through pollution prevention. Using the air emissions inventory from Hanford`s Title V permit, the P2 Group was able to identify major and significant air sources. By reviewing the literature and benchmarking two other DOE Sites, two major activities were recommended to reduce air pollution and reduce costs at the Hanford Site. First, a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (P2OA) should be conducted on the significant painting sources in the Maintenance group and credit should be taken for reducing the burning of tumbleweeds, another significant source of air pollution. Since they are significant sources, reducing these emissions will reduce air emission fees, as well as have the potential to reduce material and labor costs, and increase worker safety. Second, a P2OA should be conducted on alternatives to the three coal-fired powerhouses (steam plants) on-site, including a significant costs analysis of alternatives. This analysis could be of significant value to other DOE sites. Overall, these two activities would reduce pollution, ease regulatory requirements and fees, save money, and help Hanford take a leadership role in air pollution prevention.

Engel, J.A.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The Role of Sea Spray in Cleansing Air Pollution over  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of Sea Spray in Cleansing Air Pollution over Ocean via Cloud Processes Daniel Rosenfeld, Ronen Lahav, Alexander Khain, Mark Pinsky Particulate air pollution has been shown to strongly suppress precipitation from convective clouds over land. New observations show that precipitation from similar polluted

Daniel, Rosenfeld

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Development of Foamed Emulsion Bioreactor for Air Pollution Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of Foamed Emulsion Bioreactor for Air Pollution Control Eunsung Kan, Marc A. Deshusses: 10.1002/bit.10767 Abstract: A new type of bioreactor for air pollution con- trol has been developed. The new process relies on an organic-phase emulsion and actively growing pollutant- degrading

102

Air Pollution Impacts on Ecosystems and Biological Diversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution Impacts on Ecosystems and Biological Diversity in the Eastern United States Threats CITATION Lovett, G.M., and T.H. Tear. 2008. Threats from Above: Air Pollution Impacts on Ecosystems and nitrogen pollution. © Eric Middelkoop/BigStockPhoto.com Botom: A newly hatched common loon chick is watched

103

Review: Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions, 2nd ed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science,Jacobson, Mark Z. Air Pollution and Global Warming: History,and hazards related to pollution, Professor Mark Z. Jacobson

Laberge, Yves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant control Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering Summary: pollution prevention and control regulations and guidelines. Air pollution control engineering. Global... .F. Warner and W.T. Davis, Air Pollution: Its...

105

Detecting and defining air pollutants: one laboratory's experiences and approaches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Texas Air Control Board is the agency responsible for maintaining the quality of the ambient air of Texas. An extensive network of continuous and noncontinuous monitors is used to defect air quality trends in the state. The samples submitted may be gaseous, liquid, or solid. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) is used for various elements. XRF was used specifically for lead emissions, sulfur dioxide emissions and toxic metals. However, atomic absorption is better for beryllium and arsenic. Gas chromatography (GC), high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) are employed in organic analysis as complements to each other. HPLC has been effectively used in the analysis of samples for herbicides. The defection of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is accomplished with a photoionization defector (PID) and flame ionization detector (FID) in series. There are many examples of a multi-instrument approach to analysis of samples. Gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy were used for nitrobenzene analysis. The complexity of ambient air sampler often requires a multinstrumental approach if the sample is to be qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed so that the information can be used for corrective action or to identify potential problems of air pollution. 2 figures. (DP)

Lindgren, J.L.; Krauss, H.J.; Mgebroff, J.S.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Air pollutant interactions with vegetation: research needs in data acquisition and interpretation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this discussion is to consider problems involved in the acquisition, interpretation, and application of data collected in studies of air pollutant interactions with the terrestrial environment. Emphasis will be placed on a critical evaluation of current deficiencies and future research needs by addressing the following questions: (1) which pollutants are either sufficiently toxic, pervasive, or persistent to warrant the expense of monitoring and effects research; (2) what are the interactions of multiple pollutants during deposition and how do these influence toxicity; (3) how de we collect, report, and interpret deposition and air quality data to ensure its maximum utility in assessment of potential regional environmental effects; (4) what processes do we study, and how are they measured to most efficiently describe the relationship between air quality dose and ultimate impacts on terrestrial ecosystems; and (5) how do we integrate site-specific studies into regional estimates of present and potential environmental degradation (or benefit).

Lindberg, S.E.; McLauglin, S.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines the relationship between air pollution, measured as concentration of suspended particulates in the atmosphere, and infant mortality due to pneumonia in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro. Multiple linear regression (progressive or stepwise method) was used to analyze infant mortality due to pneumonia, diarrhea, and all causes in 1980, by geographic area, income level, and degree of contamination. While the variable proportion of families with income equivalent to more than two minimum wages was included in the regressions corresponding to the three types of infant mortality, the average contamination index had a statistically significant coefficient (b = 0.2208; t = 2.670; P = 0.0137) only in the case of mortality due to pneumonia. This would suggest a biological association, but, as in any ecological study, such conclusions should be viewed with caution. The authors believe that air quality indicators are essential to consider in studies of acute respiratory infections in developing countries.

Penna, M.L.; Duchiade, M.P. (Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidad del Estado del Rio de Janeiro (Brasil))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Literature Review of Air Pollution Control Biofilters and Biotrickling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Literature Review of Air Pollution Control Biofilters and Biotrickling Filters for Odor Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants and Title V permitting) as well as local and state for the treatment of complex odorous waste air containing hydrogen sulfide (H2S), organic reduced sulfur com- pounds

109

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, & Infant Mortality in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, environmental regulations, and infant mortality from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of Indias environmental ...

Greenstone, Michael

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Air toxics provisions of the Clean Air Act: Potential impacts on energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the provisions of the Clean Air Act and its Amendments of 1990 that identify hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions and addresses their regulation by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It defines the major energy sector sources of these HAPs that would be affected by the regulations. Attention is focused on regulations that would cover coke oven emissions; chromium emission from industrial cooling towers and the electroplating process; HAP emissions from tank vessels, asbestos-related activities, organic solvent use, and ethylene oxide sterilization; and emissions of air toxics from municipal waste combustors. The possible implications of Title III regulations for the coal, natural gas, petroleum, uranium, and electric utility industries are examined. The report discusses five major databases of HAP emissions: (1) TRI (EPA`s Toxic Release Inventory); (2) PISCES (Power Plant Integrated Systems: Chemical Emissions Studies developed by the Electric Power Research Institute); (3) 1985 Emissions Inventory on volatile organic compounds (used for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program); (4) Particulate Matter Species Manual (EPA); and (5) Toxics Emission Inventory (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). It also offers information on emission control technologies for municipal waste combustors.

Hootman, H.A.; Vernet, J.E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Air toxics provisions of the Clean Air Act: Potential impacts on energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the provisions of the Clean Air Act and its Amendments of 1990 that identify hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions and addresses their regulation by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It defines the major energy sector sources of these HAPs that would be affected by the regulations. Attention is focused on regulations that would cover coke oven emissions; chromium emission from industrial cooling towers and the electroplating process; HAP emissions from tank vessels, asbestos-related activities, organic solvent use, and ethylene oxide sterilization; and emissions of air toxics from municipal waste combustors. The possible implications of Title III regulations for the coal, natural gas, petroleum, uranium, and electric utility industries are examined. The report discusses five major databases of HAP emissions: (1) TRI (EPA's Toxic Release Inventory); (2) PISCES (Power Plant Integrated Systems: Chemical Emissions Studies developed by the Electric Power Research Institute); (3) 1985 Emissions Inventory on volatile organic compounds (used for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program); (4) Particulate Matter Species Manual (EPA); and (5) Toxics Emission Inventory (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). It also offers information on emission control technologies for municipal waste combustors.

Hootman, H.A.; Vernet, J.E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxic regulations Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AQPM air quality program manager ARP accidental release prevention ATCM air toxic control... -volatile organic compound TAC toxic air contaminant TCA trichloroethane TCE...

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing air pollution Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assessing air pollution Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Quality: Reporting...

114

air toxics emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page Topic Index 1 Zhao, Y., and H.C. Frey, "Development of Probabilistic Emission Inventory of Air Toxics for Jacksonville, FL," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste...

115

air toxics emissions: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page Topic Index 1 Zhao, Y., and H.C. Frey, "Development of Probabilistic Emission Inventory of Air Toxics for Jacksonville, FL," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste...

116

Weekday and Weekend Air Pollutant Levels in Ozone Problem Areas...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ambient Ozone Formation as a Function of NOx Reductions Summary and Implications for Air Quality Impacts DOE's Studies of WeekdayWeekend Ozone Pollution in Southern...

117

air pollution assessed: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Health Risk Assessment: scale-dependent effects of urban air pollution on mortality Geosciences Websites Summary: Health Risk Assessment:...

118

air pollution epidemiological: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Assessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using Positive and Mathematics Websites Summary: Assessing...

119

air pollution epidemiology: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Assessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using Positive and Mathematics Websites Summary: Assessing...

120

Diminished Defenses In Children May Lead To Increased Susceptibility To Inflammatory Effects of Air Pollutants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Environmental, Ambient air pollution: health hazards toJ. , Air pollution and children's health. Pediatrics, 2004.O.o.E.H.H.A. Air Pollution and Children's Health. Air

Lin, Erina May

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Climate Change, the Clean Air Act, and Industrial Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and control strategies for criteria pollu- tants and hazardous air pollutantsair pollutants by ninety percent, despite the absence of an identified controlpollutant Controls? Some might acknowledge the continued air

Kaswan, Alice

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

air pollution impact: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Modeling impact of urban air pollution on health Geosciences Websites Summary: Modeling impact of urban air...

123

Analysis of air pollution and greenhouse gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current objective of the project Analysis of Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases'' is to develop a study of emissions and emission sources that could easily be linked to models of economic activity. Initial studies were conducted to evaluate data currently available linking activity rates and emissions estimates. The emissions inventory developed for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) presents one of the most comprehensive data sets, and was chosen for our initial studies, which are described in this report. Over 99% of the SO{sub 2} emissions, 98% of the NO{sub x} emission and 57% of the VOC emissions from area sources are related to fuel combustion. The majority of emission from these sources are generated by the transportation sector. Activity rates for area sources are not archived with the NAPAP inventory; alternative derivations of these data will be part of the future activities of this project. The availability and completeness of the fuel heat content data in the NAPAP inventory were also studied. Approximately 10% of the SO{sub 2} emissions, 13% of the NO{sub x} emissions and 46% of the VOC emissions are generated by sources with unavailable data for fuel heat content. Initial estimates of pollutant emission rate per unit fuel heat content. Initial estimates of pollutant emission rate per unit fuel heat content were generated. Future studies for this project include the derivation of activity rates for area sources, improved explanations for the default fuel parameters defined in the NAPAP inventory and the development of links to data bases of economic activity.

Benkovitz, C.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Measuring Bicyclists' Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring Bicyclists' Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Alex Bigazzi PSU Transportation Seminar Feb. 28, 2014 Miguel Figliozzi Jim Pankow Wentai Luo Lorne Isabelle Urban Bicyclists' Pollution Uptake 1 #12;Bicycle & Health Promotion Public Health Exercise CrashesPollution Emissions Exposure/ Dose

Bertini, Robert L.

125

European Atmospheric Pollution Imported by Cooler Air Masses to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Atmospheric Pollution Imported by Cooler Air Masses to the Eastern Mediterranean during of European pollution are observed in the atmosphere (74 ( 13%). On the other hand, when the Persian Trough). This study demonstrates that atmospheric pollution over the East Mediterranean region during the summer

Einat, Aharonov

126

An Emerging Triad: Air Pollution, Beetles, and Wildfire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The effects of air pollution mimic drought and have the potential to increase fuel loads in forests, exac Southwest Research Station Forest service, U.s. Department oF agricUltUre Biochemical changes in trees stressed by drought and air pollution may attract bark beetles, which overwhelm the trees' defense

Standiford, Richard B.

127

air pollution dispersion: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution dispersion First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Environmental Pollution Air...

128

Air Pollution and Mortality in 20 U.S. Cities Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality in 20 U.S. Cities: 1987-1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution and Mortality in 20 U.S. Cities 1 Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality in 20 U Word Count: 3032 #12;Air Pollution and Mortality in 20 U.S. Cities 2 Abstract Background: Time-series analyses have linked contemporary levels of air pollution, particularly particles, to daily mortality

Dominici, Francesca

129

About the Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Program The Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Program of the National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About the Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Program The Air Pollution and Respiratory Health public health agencies. For example, CDC staff are currently studying the effect of outdoor air pollution for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, the Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Program supports

130

Effects of Air Pollution on Respiratory Disease Asthma, closely associated with air pollution, affects nearly 15 million people in the United States, one-third of them  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dimension to our understanding the health effects of air pollution. Contact: Trina Wood, (530) 752-5257 3Effects of Air Pollution on Respiratory Disease Asthma, closely associated with air pollution as a greater understanding of the types of air pollutants that cause the most harm. Seminal findings

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

131

Particulate Air Pollution, Ambulatory Heart Rate Variability, and Cardiac Arrhythmia in Retirement Community Residents with Coronary Artery Disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with traffic and air pollution in patients with coronary2009. A panel study of air pollution in subjects with heartcardia triggered by air pollution in patients with coronary

Bartell, Scott M.; Longhurst, John; Tjoa, Thomas; Sioutas, Constantinos; Delfino, Ralph J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Traffic-related air pollution exposures and changes in heart rate variability in Mexico City: A panel study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronaryof particulate air pollution. Environ Health Perspect 2001,between ambient air pollution and daily mortality among

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Particulate air pollution, ambulatory heart rate variability, and cardiac arrhythmia in retirement community residents with coronary artery disease.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with traffic and air pollution in patients with coronary2009. A panel study of air pollution in subjects with heartcardia triggered by air pollution in patients with coronary

Bartell, Scott M; Longhurst, John; Tjoa, Thomas; Sioutas, Constantinos; Delfino, Ralph J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Pollution Control in a Manufacturing System Stochastic Models for Analysis and Control of Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pollution Control in a Manufacturing System Stochastic Models for Analysis and Control of Air Pollution in a Manufacturing System Jan, 1, 2005 Technical Report SOPTL-05-01 Missouri University of Science models that can be used for controlling pollution in a manufacturing system. The models are developed

Gosavi, Abhijit

135

EVALUATING THE RISK OF AIR POLLUTION TO FORESTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Foliar damage to trees by air pollution in Central and Eastern Europe has been a major scientific and political issue. Emissions of toxic gases such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can have wide-ranging effects on local and regional vegetation that can be compounded by other environmental stresses to plant growth. Since uptake and physiological effects of these gases on tree leaves are largely mediated by stomata, surrogate methods for estimating pollutant conductances into leaves and forest canopies may lead to risk assessments for major vegetation types that can then be used in regional planning. Management options to ameliorate or mitigate air pollutant damage to forests and losses in productivity are likely to be more difficult to widely implement than on-the-stack emissions abatement, Informed management and policy decisions regarding Central and Eastern European forests are dependent on the development of quantitative tools and models for risk assessment of the effects of atmospheric pollutants on ecosystem health and productivity.

ELLSWORTH,D.S.; OLEKSYN,J.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Ambient air pollution exposure and full-term birth weight in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P-M, Howel D: Particulate air pollution and fetal health. Aindustrial city with high air pollution levels. Arch EnvironJ, Christiani D: Is air pollution a risk factor for low

Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Jesdale, Bill M; Sadd, James L; Pastor , Manuel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Exposure assessment of particulate matter air pollution before, during, and after the 2003 Southern California wildfires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999. Health Impacts of Biomass Air Pollution. In: Healthpublic health impacts of PM air pollution fro m wildfiresAir pollution and emergency room visits for asthma in Santa Clara County, California. Environmental Health

Wu, J; Winer, A M; Delfino, R J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Air Pollution and Infant Health: What Can We Learn From California's Recent Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

486, Neidell, Matthew. A Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-AParticulate Air Pollution and Acute Health Effects,@ ThePAPER SERIES AIR POLLUTION AND INFANT HEALTH: WHAT CAN WE

Currie, Janet; Neidell, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Social Cost of the Health Effects of Motor-Vehicle Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

so on. 11.1.2 Air pollution and health effects Weestimateavailabihty of air pollution and health data in a particularRelationships of Air Pollution Health: Results Prom the

McCubbin, Donald R.; Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution on Wheeze in Asthmatic Children in Fresno, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of winter air pollution on respira- tory health of asthmaticChildrens Health Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution onEnvironmental Health Perspectives Effects of air pollution

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Biomass burning and urban air pollution over the Central Mexican Plateau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass burning pollution over Central Mexico Edited by: S.Biomass burning pollution over Central Mexico spheric ozonebenefits from air pollution control in Mexico City, Environ.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

A Wireless Sensor Network Air Pollution Monitoring System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensor networks are currently an active research area mainly due to the potential of their applications. In this paper we investigate the use of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) for air pollution monitoring in Mauritius. With the fast growing industrial activities on the island, the problem of air pollution is becoming a major concern for the health of the population. We proposed an innovative system named Wireless Sensor Network Air Pollution Monitoring System (WAPMS) to monitor air pollution in Mauritius through the use of wireless sensors deployed in huge numbers around the island. The proposed system makes use of an Air Quality Index (AQI) which is presently not available in Mauritius. In order to improve the efficiency of WAPMS, we have designed and implemented a new data aggregation algorithm named Recursive Converging Quartiles (RCQ). The algorithm is used to merge data to eliminate duplicates, filter out invalid readings and summarise them into a simpler form which significantly reduce the amount of dat...

Khedo, Kavi K; Mungur, Avinash; Mauritius, University of; Mauritius,; 10.5121/ijwmn.2010.2203

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants submittal Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RECOVERY Summary: limitations have been formulated for certain well-defined sources of air pollution. Likewise, state and local... air pollution control agencies have imposed...

144

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants calendar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: 1 of 3 Trent University Environmental and Resource Studies Program ERSC 3450H Air Pollution... of the troposphere and urban air pollution. The course will specifically...

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution particle-induced Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution particle-induced Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant levels Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: developed. A positive correlation exists between traffic size and air pollution levels. No significant... difference in air pollution levels between high...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution precipitation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution precipitation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and...

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution regulations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution regulations Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft air pollution Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aircraft air pollution Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Research in Military Aircraft...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution transport Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution transport Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution oxidative Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution oxidative Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790...

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution turbulence Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution turbulence Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution meteorology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution meteorology Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

155

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 22 - Air Toxics (Rhode Island) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe OfficeUtility Fed. Government Commercial AgriculturalDepartment of

156

Synoptic weather typing applied to air pollution mortality among the elderly in 10 Canadian cities$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Accepted 12 August 2013 Keywords: Air pollutants Acute health effects Relative mortality risk air pollution and human health. Objective: To investigate the air pollution­mortality relationship-vary with exposure to air pollution, and thus modify estimates of mortality risk. Hence, health risk models for air

Sheridan, Scott

157

Characterization of ambient air pollution for stochastic health models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research is an analysis of various measures of ambient air pollution useful in cross-sectional epidemiological investigations and rick assessments. The Chestnut Ridge area health effects investigation, which includes a cross-sectional study of respiratory symptoms in young children, is used as a case study. Four large coal-fired electric generating power plants are the dominant pollution sources in this area of western Pennsylvania. The air pollution data base includes four years of sulfur dioxide and five years of total suspended particulate concentrations at seventeen monitors. Some 70 different characterizations of pollution are constructed and tested. These include pollutant concentrations at various percentiles and averaging times, exceedence measures which show the amount of time a specified threshold concentration is exceeded, and several dosage measures which transform non-linear dose-response relationships onto pollutant concentrations.

Batterman, S.A.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Air Pollution Health Effects: Toward an Integrated Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scientists and policy makers have become increasingly aware of the need to jointly study climate change and air pollution because of the interactions among policy measures and in the atmospheric chemistry that creates the ...

Yang, Trent.

159

air pollution model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dynamics in the South Coast Air Basin of California. It has also been modified to model pollution in South Korea, Mexico Manohar, Rajit First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...

160

air pollution modelling: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dynamics in the South Coast Air Basin of California. It has also been modified to model pollution in South Korea, Mexico Manohar, Rajit First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

air pollution modeling: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dynamics in the South Coast Air Basin of California. It has also been modified to model pollution in South Korea, Mexico Manohar, Rajit First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...

162

air pollution models: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dynamics in the South Coast Air Basin of California. It has also been modified to model pollution in South Korea, Mexico Manohar, Rajit First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...

163

air pollution measurement: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 AT 560 (2 Credits) Air Pollution Measurement Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary: AT...

164

air pollution measurements: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 AT 560 (2 Credits) Air Pollution Measurement Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary: AT...

165

air pollution problem: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Adequate Numerical Solution of Air Pollution Problems by positive Dierence Schemes on Mathematics Websites Summary:...

166

air pollution problems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Adequate Numerical Solution of Air Pollution Problems by positive Dierence Schemes on Mathematics Websites Summary:...

167

air pollution control: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization Websites...

168

air pollution monitoring: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 A Wireless Sensor Network Air Pollution Monitoring System CERN Preprints Summary: Sensor networks are currently an...

169

air pollution controls: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization Websites...

170

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pollutants from Indoor Combustion Sources: I. Field Measure-Characteristics in Two Stage Combustion, paper presented atInternational) on Combustion, August, 1974, Tokyo, Japan. 8

Hollowell, C.D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Minimum cost air pollution control for cotton gins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution control, in order to achieve compliance with air pollution regulations, reduces the profit margin of the ginning operation. Presently, the number of viable operating gins in the U.S. has declined and the imposition of expensive controls to comply...

Flannigan, Steven Shawnacy

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

VALMET: a valley air pollution model. Final report. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An air quality model is described for predicting air pollution concentrations in deep mountain valleys arising from nocturnal down-valley transport and diffusion of an elevated pollutant plume, and the fumigation of the plume on the valley floor and sidewalls after sunrise. Included is a technical description of the model, a discussion of the model's applications, the required model inputs, sample calculations and model outputs, and a full listing of the FORTRAN computer program. 55 refs., 27 figs., 6 tabs.

Whiteman, C.D.; Allwine, K.J.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Environmental Health Perspectives volume 119 | number 8 | August 2011 1123 Predicting air pollution concentrations at reso-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air pollution concentrations at reso- lutions capable of capturing local-scale pollut- ant gradients of approaches may be used to model air pollution over large areas, includ- ing interpolation of fixed use for producing local- scale pollution estimates. Interpolation of fixed-site air pollution

Martin, Randall

174

HARVESTING -RESISTANT ESTIMATES OF AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS ON Scott L. Zeger, Francesca Dominici, and Jonathan Samet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HARVESTING - RESISTANT ESTIMATES OF AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS ON MORTALITY Scott L. Zeger, Francesca models, air pollution. #12;4 The acute effects on morbidity and mortality of extreme episodes of particulate air pollution have been well documented by the 1952 London fog and other air pollution disasters

Dominici, Francesca

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution source Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

source Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution source...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution assessment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

assessment Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution assessment...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution study Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

study Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution study...

178

Air Pollution Accountability and Compliance Tracking System (A-PACT System)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regulatory authorities in making their decisions. (Abstract) Keywords-air pollution; aviation; data mining IAir Pollution Accountability and Compliance Tracking System (A-PACT System) Andrew Keller and emissions regulations for aircraft at major airports. The proposed Air Pollution Accountability

179

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pollutant Carbon monoxide Nitrogen dioxide Averaging time 1ppm) ~g/m (0.05 ppm) Nitrogen dioxide levels in kitchens ofNitrogen Paper No. 76-17.03, presented at the 69th Dioxide

Hollowell, C.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

GEOSTATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF VALIDATION DATA OF AN AIR POLLUTION SIMULATOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOSTATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF VALIDATION DATA OF AN AIR POLLUTION SIMULATOR JEAN-PAUL CHIL?S 1 , SERGE S?GURET 1 and PIERRE-MARC RIBOUD 2 1 MINES ParisTech, Fontainebleau, France 2 EDF R&D, Chatou, France ABSTRACT Chemistry-transport models for air quality forecasting are affected by the uncertainty

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

air pollution monitors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution monitors First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 A Wireless Sensor Network Air...

182

air pollution impacts: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution impacts First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Modeling impact of urban air...

183

Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Ambient Air Quality Standards (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The ambient air quality standards are based on the national ambient air quality standards. The Vermont standards are classified as primary and secondary standards and judged adequate to protect...

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant testing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is applied for public roads around... .transport.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp CCity modelity model Air pollutionAir pollution simsim.. TrafficTraffic simsim.. CCity modelity model... Air...

185

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient air quality-a Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EHHE; January 2006 7 Topics Air, Ambient (Outdoor) Air, Indoor Disasters Lead... pollutants in ambient air Hazardous or toxic substances released in ambient air Residence in...

186

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient air monitoring Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EHHE; January 2006 7 Topics Air, Ambient (Outdoor) Air, Indoor Disasters Lead... pollutants in ambient air Hazardous or toxic substances released in ambient air Residence in...

187

Geography 5 Lab 6: Automobile Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollutant category i. CO2 ii. CO iii. NOX iv. HC b. Total fuel consumption per year c. Total fuel costs per California and for the entire US using your average UCLA car. The number of vehicles per capita is 0 3. NOX 4. HC b. Total fuel consumption per year i. California: ii. US: 4. What's the make, model

188

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standard I[ o Fig. 2. Nitrogen dioxide concentrations in aCritical Analysis of Nitrogen Dioxide Air Quality Standards,with gas appliances. Nitrogen dioxide levels in kitchens of

Hollowell, C.D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

x A Emission Characteristics in Two Stage Combustion. PaperInternational) on Combustion, Tokyo (August, 1974). Chang,fll , J I ___F J "J LBL-S9lS COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR

Hollowell, C.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Longitudinal Analysis of Short term Bronchiolitis Air Pollution Association using Semi Parametric Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution, semi parametric models. 1.1 Introduction Time-series studies of air pollution and health was an overestimation of the eect of air pollution on health. More recently, in a issue of Epidemiology, Ramsay et al1 Longitudinal Analysis of Short term Bronchiolitis Air Pollution Association using Semi Parametric

Mesbah, Mounir

191

Synoptic weather patterns and modification of the association between air pollution and human mortality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of frequently occurring weather patterns. Typical time-series investigations of health risk from air pollutionSynoptic weather patterns and modification of the association between air pollution and human pollution and mortality, an examination of air pollution and human mortality associations (ecologic) using

Sheridan, Scott

192

Health Risk Assessment: scale-dependent effects of urban air pollution on mortality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health Risk Assessment: scale-dependent effects of urban air pollution on mortality M. Valari(1), L (food, water etc.) -Population exposure: [c] x dt -Health data & air pollution health effects Health risk assessment #12;Pollutants concentrations [c] Population exposure [c] x dt Air pollution health

Menut, Laurent

193

Respiratory disease and particulate air pollution in Santiago Chile: Contribution of erosion particles from fine sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August) that make atmospheric conditions highly vulnerable, preventing polluting particles in the airCommentary Respiratory disease and particulate air pollution in Santiago Chile: Contribution pollution Santiago Erosion Sedimentation a b s t r a c t Air pollution in Santiago is a serious problem

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics volume Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

designed to remove the acutely toxic chemicals before the air is discharged into the environment. Acutely... Chemistry Department Standard Operating Procedure Title: Acutely Toxic...

195

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants gold Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in a reported American case did not occur until 1832, and the first reference to air pollution was in 1849... We have become accustomed to thinking of pollution ......

196

The Impact of Global Warming and Air Pollution on Patient Visits in the Emergency Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review The Impact sf Global Warming and 1 Air pollution onair pollution problems and global warming will effect thesites in the human body. Global Warming Global warming goes

Derlet, Robert W

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

New Problems for an Old Design: Time-Series Analyses of Air Pollution and Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Problems for an Old Design: Time-Series Analyses of Air Pollution and Health Jonathan M. Samet1 for adverse effects of particulate air pollution on the public's health. The daily time-series studies of air to public health posed by air pollution, tending to provide risk coefficients that are biased upwards

Dominici, Francesca

198

Air Pollution XVI 247 Emissions of Nitrogen Dioxide from Modern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution XVI 247 Emissions of Nitrogen Dioxide from Modern Diesel Vehicles G.A. Bishop and D negative implications for local photochemical ozone production. Keywords: Nitrogen dioxide, automobile strategies, Lemaire [1] suggests that nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was forgotten as a separate component of the NOx

Denver, University of

199

International Symposium Transport and Air Pollution Session 6: Biofuels 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1Sth International Symposium Transport and Air Pollution Session 6: Biofuels 2 Determination of VOC components in the exhaust of light vehicles fuelled with different biofuels F. Gazier 1,4*, A. De/bende 1 of the emissions shows changes with the composition of the biofuel in the levels of hydrocarbons, aromatic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxic emissions Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Management District (BAAQMD). For more detailed information, see Air Quality: Air Pollutants, SLAC Emissions... report permit renewal July 31 National Emissions Standards for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional (ICI) Boilers and Process Heaters, February 2013 Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air...

202

Winter season air pollution in El Paso-Ciudad Juarez. A review of air pollution studies in an international airshed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a number of research efforts completed over the past 20 years in the El Paso del Norte region to characterize pollution sources and air quality trends. The El Paso del Norte region encompasses the cities of El Paso, Texas and Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua and is representative of many US-Mexico border communities that are facing important air quality issues as population growth and industrialization of Mexican border communities continue. Special attention is given to a group of studies carried out under special US Congressional funding and administered by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Many of these studies were fielded within the last several years to develop a better understanding of air pollution sources and trends in this typical border community. Summary findings from a wide range of studies dealing with such issues as the temporal and spatial distribution of pollutants and pollution potential from both stationary and mobile sources in both cities are presented. Particular emphasis is given to a recent study in El Paso-Ciudad Juarez that focussed on winter season PM{sub 10} pollution in El Paso-Ciudad Juarez. Preliminary estimates from this short-term study reveal that biomass combustion products and crustal material are significant components of winter season PM{sub 10} in this international border community.

Einfeld, W.; Church, H.W.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Control of air pollution emissions from municipal waste combustors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The November 1990 Clear Air Act Amendments (CAAAs) directed EPA to establish municipal waste combustor (MWC) emissions limits for particulate matter, opacity, hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, dioxins, dibenzofurans, cadmium, lead, and mercury. Revised MWC air pollution regulations were subsequently proposed by EPA on September 20, 1994, and promulgated on December 19, 1995. The MWC emission limits were based on the application of maximum achievable control technology (MACT). This paper provides a brief overview of MWC technologies, a summary of EPA`s revised air pollution rules for MWCs, a review of current knowledge concerning formation and control of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and a discussion of the behavior and control of mercury in MWC flue gases. 56 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Kolgroe, J.D. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). National Risk Management Research Lab.; Licata, A. [Licata Energy and Environmental Consultants, Inc., Yonkers, NY (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Air quality during the 2008 Beijing Olympics: secondary pollutants and regional impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

secondary air pollutants after the drastic control measuresair quality and meteorology and different responses of secondary and primary pollutants to the controlair qual- ity. The increasing concentrations of secondary pollutants after the full control

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A machine learning model of Manhattan air pollution at high spatial resolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A machine-learning model was created to predict air pollution at high spatial resolution in Manhattan, New York using taxi trip data. Urban air pollution increases morbidity and mortality through respiratory and cardiovascular ...

Keeler, Rachel H. (Rachel Heiden)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes the most comprehensive study to date of the diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal -- a bowl-shaped mountain valley of two million people with a growing air pollution ...

Panday, Arnico Kumar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution current Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

current Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution current Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants o3 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollutants o3 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 10:05 to 10:55...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant effects Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air pollutant effects Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants regulation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air pollutants regulation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants structure-activity Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: air pollutants structure-activity Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant dispersion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air pollutant dispersion Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline air pollution Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alkaline air pollution Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Long-term and seasonal variations...

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution exposure-a Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution exposure-a Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry...

215

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution income Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

income Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution income Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Urban Form and Air Pollution in US Urban...

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air pollutants final Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollutants Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution particle-exposed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

exposed Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution particle-exposed Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and...

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - air chemical pollutions Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air chemical pollutions Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution vi Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

vi Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution vi Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution climate Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climate Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution climate Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS...

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant transport Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air pollutant transport Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution ii--road Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ii--road Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution ii--road Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS...

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants area Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that has been receiving much attention in recent years. In cities and urban areas, air pollution remains... .dugum@mail.mcgill.ca The impact of traffic-related air pollution...

225

Locating Nearby Sources of Air Pollution by Nonparametric Regression of Atmospheric Concentrations on Wind Direction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Locating Nearby Sources of Air Pollution by Nonparametric Regression of Atmospheric Concentrations. #12;1 Locating Nearby Sources of Air Pollution by Nonparametric Regression of Atmospheric. * Corresponding author. Submitted to Atmospheric Environment July, 2001. Abstract The relationship

Washington at Seattle, University of

226

Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control (Arkansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control are applicable to any stationary source that has the potential to emit any federally regulated air pollutant. The...

227

Smoke Wars: Anaconda Copper, Montana Air Pollution, and the Courts, 1890-1920  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution from Copper Smelters of the Far West, 1885-the struggle to abate copper smelter air pollution consistedCopper Mining Company). Chapter 8, "The Roosevelt Men Versus the Smelters,"

Stirling, Dale A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant penetration Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air Jets for Incinerator SIlloke Control Summary: are important design considerations for air pollution control. The paper reports on the investigation... commendations are given...

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution due Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

due Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution due Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Quality: Reporting Requirements Department:...

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution controversy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution controversy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THE QUEST FOR INCINERATOR AIR...

231

Precipitation suppression by anthropogenic air pollution: major loss of water resources where we need them most  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precipitation suppression by anthropogenic air pollution: major loss of water resources where we inferences of air pollution suppressing precipitation lead us to investigate historical climate records precipitation, decreases with time in the polluted regions and remains unchanged where no pollution sources were

Daniel, Rosenfeld

232

Ozone production in transpacific Asian pollution plumes and implications for ozone air quality in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ozone production in transpacific Asian pollution plumes and implications for ozone air quality in transpacific Asian pollution plumes, and the implications for ozone air quality in California, by using pollution plumes. Strong dilution of Asian pollution plumes takes place during entrainment in the U

Park, Rokjin

233

Personal and Ambient Air Pollution Exposures and Lung Function Decrements in Children with Asthma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air pollutant using linear mixed-effects models, with each subject serving as his or her own control (

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution ALEXANDER Y. BIGAZZI- clists may experience increased inhalation of traffic-related air pollutants. Bicyclists have two to five regarding urban bicyclists' intake and uptake of traffic-related air pollution and to identify key knowledge

Bertini, Robert L.

235

Actes INRETS n92 233 12th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution" / 12e  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Actes INRETS n°92 233 12th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution" / 12e Colloque international "Transports et pollution de l'air", Avignon, 16 -18 June / juin 2003 proceedings / actes, n°92, tome / Vol. 1, Inrets ed., Arcueil, France, 2003, p. 233-240 Les enjeux de la pollution de l'air des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

A New Approximate Matrix Factorization for Implicit Time Integration in Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Approximate Matrix Factorization for Implicit Time Integration in Air Pollution Modeling + M on the one hand and its e#ciency on the other hand. For example, in air pollution modeling, AMF has been factorization, large sparse linear systems, sti# ODEs, method of lines, Rosenbrock methods, air pollution

Botchev, Mike

237

Air pollution and asthma control in the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air pollution and asthma control in the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment Cedex, France Tel: +33 (0)1 45 59 50 12 Fax: +33 (0)1 45 59 51 69 Key words: air pollution, asthma;1 Abstract Background: The associations between exposure to air pollution and asthma control are not well

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

238

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of California's Local Air Pollution Controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 An Assessment of the Effectiveness of California's Local Air Pollution Controls on Agricultural Sources C.-Y. Cynthia Lin University of California at Davis USA 1. Introduction Air pollution has been [1]. Negative effects of air pollution have been extensively documented, and include impairment

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

239

A method of building an aggregated indicator of air-pollution impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method of building an aggregated indicator of air-pollution impacts Thierry GOGER, Robert JOUMARD intend to build a global environmental impact indicator of air pollution to assess transport-generated air pollution, while simultaneously conserving the value of the environmental impact of each type

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

240

Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Alexander Y of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Abstract Bicycling as a mode of transportation is enjoying a boost in many while bicycling, bicyclists may experience increased inhalation of traffic-related air pollutants

Bertini, Robert L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Session 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements and model to evaluate spatial and temporal trends in air pollution exposure and resulting health Examine health effects of this long-term exposure #12;Air pollution trends- past and future We can useSession 3: Past, current and future exposure to air pollutants and its effects Chris Dibben, Tom

242

Bias in the Case--Crossover Design: Implications for Studies of Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allows testing for an acute health e ect of an exposure such as air pollution with restriction in timeBias in the Case--Crossover Design: Implications for Studies of Air Pollution Thomas Lumley Drew design: implications for studies of air pollution Thomas Lumley thomas@biostat.washington.edu National

Washington at Seattle, University of

243

IMPROVED SEMI-PARAMETRIC TIME SERIES MODELS OF AIR POLLUTION AND MORTALITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

series analyses of air pollution and health attracted the attention of the scientific community, policy uncertainty in time series studies of air pollution and health. This discovery delayed the completion) for six "criteria" air pollutants at a level that protects the public's health (Environmental Protection

Dominici, Francesca

244

Evaluating Energy Policy: Quantifying Air Pollution and Health Co-Benefits Tammy M Thompson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating Energy Policy: Quantifying Air Pollution and Health Co-Benefits Tammy M Thompson Noelle Energy Policy Scenarios Criteria Pollution Emissions Changes Impacts on Air Quality and Human Health Energy Policy Scenarios Criteria Pollution Impacts on Air Quality one realm can have profound impacts

245

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the effects of air pollution/climate change on forests; information on forest health in several CentralProceedings of the International Symposium on Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects on Forest of the international symposium on air pollution and climate change effects on forest ecosystems; 1996 February 5

Standiford, Richard B.

246

Assessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using Positive and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 15, 1999 #12;Abstract Much of the evidence for health e ects of particulate air pollution has come. We thus refer to the `air pollution hypothesis' to describe increased risk of health outcomes dueAssessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using

Washington at Seattle, University of

247

Economic and Policy Implications of Urban Air Pollution in the United States: 1970 to 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

awareness of the link between urban air pollutant levels and negative health effects have led to numerous the demand for air pollution health. This framework provides a way to consistently value effectsEconomic and Policy Implications of Urban Air Pollution in the United States: 1970 to 2000 by Trent

248

Bayesian latent variable modelling in studies of air pollution and health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian latent variable modelling in studies of air pollution and health Duncan Lee, Gavin://www.bath.ac.uk/math-sci/BICS #12;Bayesian latent variable modelling in studies of air pollution and health. Duncan Lee (1), Gavin to the approach adopted for modelling the trend and correlation. KEYWORDS: Air pollution and health; Bayesian

Burton, Geoffrey R.

249

Timevarying coe#cient models for the analysis of air pollution and health outcome data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time­varying coe#cient models for the analysis of air pollution and health outcome data Duncan Lee The potential health e#ects of exposure to ambient air pollution have been a major issue in public health for over fifty years. Numerous studies of air pollution and health data have shown a link between

Bath, University of

250

Exposure Measurement Error in Time-Series Studies of Air Pollution: Concepts and Consequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of air pollution and health. Because measurement error may have substantial implications for interpreting1 Exposure Measurement Error in Time-Series Studies of Air Pollution: Concepts and Consequences S in time-series studies 1 11/11/99 Keywords: measurement error, air pollution, time series, exposure

Dominici, Francesca

251

Modelling the e#ects of air pollution on health using Bayesian Dynamic Generalised Linear Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling the e#ects of air pollution on health using Bayesian Dynamic Generalised Linear Models (2004)). Large multi­city studies such as `Air pollution and health: a European approach' (APHEA across a number of US and European cities. Short­term e#ects of air pollution on health are estimated

Bath, University of

252

Health damages from air pollution in China Kira Matus a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health damages from air pollution in China Kira Matus a,1 , Kyung-Min Nam b,1, *, Noelle E. Selin c in negative health outcomes, such as contaminated water and high levels of air pollution, also incur real of air pollution arising from its negative impact on human health (Nielsen and Ho, 2007). Most of them (e

253

Air pollution sources apportionment in a French urban site Marie Chavent*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preoccupation for human health. In order to achieve this purpose, air pollution sources have to be accuratelyAir pollution sources apportionment in a French urban site Marie Chavent* , Hervé Guégan sources of fine particulate emission. Key-words: air pollution data, Principal Component Analysis (PCA

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

The Diurnal Cycle of Air Pollution In the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Diurnal Cycle of Air Pollution In the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal by Arnico K. Panday A OF AIR POLLUTION IN THE KATHMANDU VALLEY, NEPAL by Arnico K. Panday Submitted to the Department of Earth study to date of the diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal ­ a bowl

255

20.18 Optimization Problems in Air Pollution Modeling Ivan Dimov, and Zahari Zlatev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20.18 Optimization Problems in Air Pollution Modeling Ivan Dimov, and Zahari Zlatev ABSTRACT. The appearance of optimization problems in the field of air pollution modeling and their importance arising in air pollution modeling will be considered. We shall present a review of some approaches

Dimov, Ivan

256

ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR ANALYSIS AND FORECAST OF AIR POLLUTION (APPLICATION TO SANTIAGO DE CHILE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR ANALYSIS AND FORECAST OF AIR POLLUTION (APPLICATION Chile and other cities in Chile, air pollution is a dramatic problem. An Environmental Information planning. Using a model-based EIS for air pollution it is possible (i) to study complex source

Bertossi, Leopoldo

257

COMPUTATIONAL CHALLENGES IN THE NUMERICAL TREATMENT OF LARGE AIR POLLUTION MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTATIONAL CHALLENGES IN THE NUMERICAL TREATMENT OF LARGE AIR POLLUTION MODELS I. DIMOV , K. GEORGIEVy, TZ. OSTROMSKY , R. J. VAN DER PASz, AND Z. ZLATEVx Abstract. The air pollution, and especially the reduction of the air pollution to some acceptable levels, is an important environmental problem, which

Dimov, Ivan

258

New Study Finds Strong Carbon Pollution Standards Improve Air Quality, Environment, and Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Study Finds Strong Carbon Pollution Standards Improve Air Quality, Environment, and Health, Co- benefits of Carbon Standards: Air Pollution Changes under Different 111d Options for Existing-by-state changes in harmful air pollution, it is the first study to quantify and map the co-benefits of power plant

Mohan, Chilukuri K.

259

Parallel Implementation of a Large-Scale 3-D Air Pollution Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Implementation of a Large-Scale 3-D Air Pollution Model Tzvetan Ostromsky1 and Zahari-4000 Roskilde, Denmark, zz@dmu.dk; http://www.dmu.dk/AtmosphericEnvironment Abstract. Air pollution and analyzed. Keywords: air pollution model, system of PDE's, parallel algorithm, shared memory computer

Ostromsky, Tzvetan

260

Edinburgh Research Explorer Global association of air pollution and heart failure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edinburgh Research Explorer Global association of air pollution and heart failure Citation & Mills, NL 2013, 'Global association of air pollution and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-6736(13)60898-3 1 Global association of air pollution and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis Anoop

Edinburgh, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Specific Multi-channel Photon-Counting Unit for Air-Pollution Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Specific Multi-channel Photon-Counting Unit for Air-Pollution Measurement Papageorgas P.1.g. confocal microscopy), air pollution optical measurements, laser sounding of the atmosphere for the in situ quantitative monitoring of up to five air pollutants simultaneously and one calibration channel

Athens, University of

262

Transport of Asian ozone pollution into surface air over the western United States in spring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transport of Asian ozone pollution into surface air over the western United States in spring Meiyun the mechanisms involved in the transport of Asian pollution plumes into western U.S. surface air through, including the interleaving and mixing of Asian pollution and stratospheric air associated with complex

263

Mechanisms and implications of air pollution particle associations with chemokines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inflammation induced by inhalation of air pollutant particles has been implicated as a mechanism for the adverse health effects associated with exposure to air pollution. The inflammatory response is associated with upregulation of various pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. We have previously shown that diesel exhaust particles (DEP), a significant constituent of air pollution particulate matter in many urban areas, bind and concentrate IL-8, an important human neutrophil-attracting chemokine, and that the chemokine remains biologically active. In this report, we examine possible mechanisms of this association and the effects on clearance of the chemokine. The binding appears to be the result of ionic interactions between negatively charged particles and positively charged chemokine molecules, possibly combined with intercalation into small pores in the particles. The association is not limited to diesel exhaust particles and IL-8: several other particle types also adsorb the chemokine and several other cytokines are adsorbed onto the diesel particles. However, there are wide ranges in the effectiveness of various particle types and various cytokines. Finally, male Fisher 344 rats were intratracheally instilled with chemokine alone or combined with diesel exhaust or silica particles under isofluorane anesthesia. In contrast to silica particles, which do not bind the chemokine, the presence of diesel exhaust particles, which bind the chemokine, prolonged the retention of the chemokine.

Seagrave, JeanClare [Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Dr. SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108 (United States)], E-mail: jseagrav@LRRI.org

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual international air Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Overall Federal SMOP (Title V) Clean Air Act Annual... standards for air pollutants Second semi-annual exceedance report July 30 Air Toxics Inventory State Compare......

265

Air toxics being measured more accurately, controlled more effectively  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to the directives of the Clean Air Act Amendments, Argonne National Laboratory is developing new or improved pollutant control technologies for industries that burn fossil fuels. This research continues Argonne`s traditional support for the US DOE Flue Gas Cleanup Program. Research is underway to measure process emissions and identify new and improved control measures. Argonne`s emission control research has ranged from experiments in the basic chemistry of pollution-control systems, through laboratory-scale process development and testing to pilot-scale field tests of several technologies. Whenever appropriate, the work has emphasized integrated or combined control systems as the best approach to technologies that offer low cost and good operating characteristics.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Chapter Four Assessing the Air Pollution, Greenhouse Gas, Air Quality, and Health Benefits of Clean Energy Initiatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many states and localities are exploring or implementing clean energy policies to achieve greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria air pollutant1 emission reductions. Document map Chapter one

unknown authors

267

Air Pollution Impacts in the Mixed Conifer Forests of Southern California1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution Impacts in the Mixed Conifer Forests of Southern California1 Patrick J. Temple, Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Mark E. Fenn, and Mark A. Poth2 Abstract Air pollution, principally in the form.) and Jeffrey (P. jeffreyi Grev. and Balf.) pines on the western side of the pollution deposition gradient

Standiford, Richard B.

268

Ris-M-2476 RELATIONSHIPS IN INDOOR/OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-M-2476 RELATIONSHIPS IN INDOOR/OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION Jørn Roed Abstract. Beryllium-7 a pollution episode, especially a reactor accident. The effect of operating a vacuum cleaner during the pollution episode and airing shortly after is also investigated. Earlier relevant literature is reviewed

269

Bigazzi, Figliozzi, and Clifton 1 Motorists' Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution:1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bigazzi, Figliozzi, and Clifton 1 1 Motorists' Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution:1 Modeling to traffic-related pollution. Large peak-period trip exposures are5 primarily the result of increased pollutants (3), which progressively degrade urban20 air quality (4). Because of coincident vehicle and human

Bertini, Robert L.

270

Trace Elements in Tree Rings: Evidence of Recent and Historical Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or both. Tree rings have been used to construct records of climate (1), document heavy metal pollution (2Trace Elements in Tree Rings: Evidence of Recent and Historical Air Pollution C. F. Baes III and S and Historical Air Pollution Abstract. Annual growth rinks from short-leaf pine trees in the Great Smoky

Baes, Fred

271

The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia J. Lelieveld1-range transport of air pollution from South and Southeast Asia towards the Indian Ocean during the dry monsoon season in January-March 1999. Surprisingly high pollution levels were observed over the entire northern

Dickerson, Russell R.

272

Cattle Feedlot Waste Management Practices -For Water and Air Pollution Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cattle Feedlot Waste Management Practices - For Water and Air Pollution Control John M. Sweeten in the potential for both water and air pollution. To prevent potential problems from developinginto real problems* Water Pollution and Wastewater Management This bulletin outlines some of the basic regulatory

Mukhtar, Saqib

273

Human intake fraction of toxic pollutants: a model comparison between caltox and uses-lca  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Life Cycle Assessment and Comparative Risk Assessment potential human exposure to toxic pollutants can be expressed as the human intake fraction (iF), representing the fraction of the quantity emitted that enters the human population. To assess model uncertainty in the human intake fraction, ingestion and inhalation iFs of 367 substances emitted to air and freshwater were calculated with two commonly applied multi-media fate and exposure models, CalTOX and USES-LCA. Comparison of the model outcomes reveal that uncertainty in the ingestion iFs was up to a factor of 70. The uncertainty in the inhalation iFs was up to a factor of 865,000. The comparison showed that relatively few model differences account for the uncertainties found. An optimal model structure in the calculation of human intake fractions can be achieved by including (1) rain and no-rain scenarios, (2) a continental sea water compartment, (3) drinking water purification, (4) pH-correction of chemical properties, and (5) aerosol-associated deposition on plants. Finally, vertical stratification of the soil compartment combined with a chemical-dependent soil depth may be considered in future intake fraction calculations.

Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Geelen, Loes M.J.; Hertwich, Edgar G.; McKone, Thomas E.; van de Meent, Dik

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Traffic-related air pollution exposures and changes in heart rate variability in Mexico City: A panel study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

participated in the Mexico City Air Pollution Campaign [33].as part of the Mexico City Air Pollution Campaign. In 2004,pollution, PM 2.5 , Ozone, Heart rate variability, Mexico

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Particulate air pollution, ambulatory heart rate variability, and cardiac arrhythmia in retirement community residents with coronary artery disease.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air pollution in patients with coronary artery disease. Environ Healthair pollution on cardiac arrhythmia: the APACR Study. Environ Healthair pollution and air temperature among myocardial infarction survivors. Environ Health

Bartell, Scott M; Longhurst, John; Tjoa, Thomas; Sioutas, Constantinos; Delfino, Ralph J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Climate Change, the Clean Air Act, and Industrial Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

typical NSPS). 2012] CLIMATE CHANGE & INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION169, at 1256-57. 2012] CLIMATE CHANGE & INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION10482 tbl. 11. 2012] CLIMATE CHANGE & INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION

Kaswan, Alice

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

(Published in Environmental Science and Pollution Research) Potentially toxic element fractionation in technosoils using two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Published in Environmental Science and Pollution Research) Potentially toxic element fractionation elements (Zn, Pb, Cd, As, and Sb) in contaminated technosoils of two former smelting and mining areas using. Surface soils were samples from a waste landfill contaminated with Zn, Pb, and Cd located at Mortagne

Boyer, Edmond

278

The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Joost B. Beltman a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Europe Joost B. Beltman a , Carlijn Hendriks a , Markus Tum b , Martijn Schaap a,* a TNO, Department of Climate, Air by up to 25% and 40%. Air pollution mitigation strategies should consider land use management. a r t i

Utrecht, Universiteit

279

PCA and PMF based methodology for air pollution sources identification and apportionment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PCA and PMF based methodology for air pollution sources identification and apportionment Marie pollution is a wide concern for human health and requires the development of air quality control strategies burning, mining, construction activity or agriculture. This air pollu- tion is a complex mixture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

PCA and PMF based methodology for air pollution sources identification and apportionment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PCA and PMF based methodology for air pollution sources identification and apportionment Marie pollution is a wide concern for human health and requires the development of air quality control strategies, mining, construction activity or agriculture. This air pollu- tion is a complex mixture of extremely

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

September 2012 NOAA.gov Air pollution has significant health, economic and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 2012 NOAA.gov Air pollution has significant health, economic and ecological consequences. The U.S. spends tens of billions of dollars each year to reduce air pollution in order to protect public health and the environment. For more than 50 years, industrial nations have been reducing harmful air

282

Creation of the model and implementation of the simulation of dispersion of air pollution in urban  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Creation of the model and implementation of the simulation of dispersion of air pollution in urban..............................................................................................................1 1.2. Types of models of dispersion of air pollution was creation of the mathematical model and application of the simulation of dispersion of vehicular air

Bargiela, Andrzej

283

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, and environmental regulations from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of Indias environmental regulations. ...

Greenstone, Michael

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, environmental regulations, and infant mortality from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of Indias environmental ...

Greenstone, Michael

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics formation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 40 Substance and perceptions of environmental impacts of Summary: dioxins in the feed and to minimizase formation on cooling. MACT: Air Pollution Control...

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxics control Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air toxics control Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Chemistry Department Standard Operating Procedure Title:...

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution concentrations Sample Search...  

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Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution concentrations Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution-related health Sample Search...  

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health Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution-related health Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Overall Project Description...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution levels Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

levels Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution levels Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics...

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution facilities Sample Search...  

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Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution facilities Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution particle Sample Search Results  

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particle Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution particle Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution information Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution information Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution active Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

active Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution active Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics...

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution induces Sample Search Results  

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induces Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution induces Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants radioactive Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

health Summary: Chapter 19 Geology, Society and the Future 12; Environmental health Air pollution Waste... , such as soil and water; (2) others are released into the...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants due Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is proposed to address critical issues relating to the public health impacts of ambient air pollution... . The overarching theme of the Center is a focus on characterizing...

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution mitigation Sample Search...  

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Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution mitigation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street,...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution particulate Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution particulate Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Department of...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution greenhouse Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution greenhouse Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Syllabus for EK 335: Introduction to...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution exposures Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution exposures Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants volume Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 2 Are You Good Enough? The First Crossword on Biological Techniques for Air Pollution Control. By Marc Deshusses, University of California. http:...

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution weather Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

weather Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution weather Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the Environmental...

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution agglomeration Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution agglomeration Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BEAULANT, Anne-Lise, RANCHIN,...

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants ozone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Global Ozone Project Ozone Formation in Summary: , power plants and industry all emit air pollution that forms ground-level ozone. Ozone is a primary... Stratospheric and...

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution aeroallergens Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution aeroallergens Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Effect of sampling height on the...

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution stress Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stress Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution stress Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Overall Project Description Objectives. A...

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution increases Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution increases Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Biological Environmental Engineering...

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant monitoring Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: 5@columbia.edu Spring 2011: Lecture & Office hrs pending Topics Covered: Air pollution sources... , prevention, atmospheric dispersion, and adverse effects....

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution mapping Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mapping Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution mapping Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics...

310

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution inventaire Sample Search...  

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Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution inventaire Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA...

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants emitted Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM SERIES Atmospheric Aerosols: Linking Air Pollution... Earth's atmosphere with sulfur to cool down the earth? Is this true that...

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution adversely Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution adversely Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Department of...

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution attributable Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution attributable Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Overall Project Description...

314

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant requirements Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jr. and Ginger Gumm The science behind environmental solutions. Summary: .nature.org Air pollution harms every major ecosystem type in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states,...

315

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution indoor Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

indoor Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution indoor Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Building Energy & Environments (BEE) Dept....

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution research Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

research Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution research Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by...

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants occupational Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

info@pacinst.org www.pacinst.org Summary: will be the greatest beneficiary of air pollution improvements in terms of occupational safety and health. The Pacific......

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant susceptibility Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is proposed to address critical issues relating to the public health impacts of ambient air pollution... . The overarching theme of the Center is a focus on characterizing...

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution international Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution international Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street,...

320

5 CCR 1001-5 Colorado Stationary Source Permitting and Air Pollution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado Stationary Source Permitting and Air Pollution Control Emission Notice Requirements Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: 5 CCR...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution influence Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution influence Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 We have become accustomed to thinking...

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants characterizing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: in a reported American case did not occur until 1832, and the first reference to air pollution was in 1849... Greenleaf Whittier characterized supporters of slavery as...

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution part Sample Search Results  

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part Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution part Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics...

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution prevention Sample Search...  

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Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution prevention Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street,...

325

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant precursors Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM SERIES Atmospheric Aerosols: Linking Air Pollution... Earth's atmosphere with sulfur to cool down the earth? Is this true that...

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution surveillance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution surveillance Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Proceedings of 10th International...

327

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution-mediated impacts Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

impacts Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution-mediated impacts Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Natural Environment Research...

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution radioactive Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution radioactive Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the...

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution time Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

time Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution time Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics...

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution exposure Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

exposure Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution exposure Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by...

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution mercury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mercury Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution mercury Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Environment, Health and Safety...

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution particles Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution particles Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by...

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant production Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

health Summary: Chapter 19 Geology, Society and the Future 12; Environmental health Air pollution Waste... , such as soil and water; (2) others are released into the...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant concentrations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

health Summary: Chapter 19 Geology, Society and the Future 12; Environmental health Air pollution Waste... , such as soil and water; (2) others are released into the...

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution abatement Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution abatement Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Hazardous...

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution mortality Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution mortality Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY...

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution caused Sample Search Results  

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caused Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution caused Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the Environmental...

338

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants based Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

health Summary: Chapter 19 Geology, Society and the Future 12; Environmental health Air pollution Waste... , such as soil and water; (2) others are released into the...

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution analysis Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analysis Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution analysis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by...

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution standards Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution standards Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 We have become accustomed to thinking...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Acute cardiovascular effects of exposure to air pollution: components, vascular mechanisms and protecting the public  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exposure to air pollution, particularly fine and ultrafine particulate matter derived from combustion sources, has been consistently associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent controlled exposure ...

Langrish, Jeremy Patrick

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

342

Mold or Toxic Mold? An Indoor Air Pollutant Page 1 Mold or Toxic Mold? An Indoor Air Pollutant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-like symptoms, respiratory problems, nasal and sinus congestion, watery eyes, sore throat, coughing and skin

343

Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 10:05 to 10:55  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Fall 2010 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 10:05 to 10:55 ES of tropospheric air pollution. Reference Books: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, From Air Pollution To Climate. Jacob, Princeton University Press, 1999. Atmospheric Pollution, History, Science, and Regulation, M. Z

Weber, Rodney

344

Co-benefits of Carbon Standards Part 1: Air Pollution Changes under Different 111d Options for Existing Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Co-benefits of Carbon Standards Part 1: Air Pollution Changes under Different 111d Options for existing power plants would decrease emissions of co-pollutants that contribute to local and regional air pollution standard would improve air quality and decrease the deposition of harmful pollutants. It is well

Mohan, Chilukuri K.

345

Measuring Welfare Loss Caused by Air Pollution in Europe: A CGE Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To evaluate the socio-economic impacts of air pollution, we develop an integrated approach based on computable general equilibrium (CGE). Applying our approach to Europe shows that even there, where air quality is relatively ...

Paltsev, Sergey

346

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution pilot Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pilot Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution pilot Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Real-Time Monitoring and Mapping of Air...

347

Life-cycle-assessment of the historical development of air pollution control and energy recovery in waste incineration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Incineration of municipal solid waste is a debated waste management technology. In some countries it is the main waste management option whereas in other countries it has been disregarded. The main discussion point on waste incineration is the release of air emissions from the combustion of the waste, but also the energy recovery efficiency has a large importance. The historical development of air pollution control in waste incineration was studied through life-cycle-assessment modelling of eight different air pollution control technologies. The results showed a drastic reduction in the release of air emissions and consequently a significant reduction in the potential environmental impacts of waste incineration. Improvements of a factor 0.85-174 were obtained in the different impact potentials as technology developed from no emission control at all, to the best available emission control technologies of today (2010). The importance of efficient energy recovery was studied through seven different combinations of heat and electricity recovery, which were modelled to substitute energy produced from either coal or natural gas. The best air pollution control technology was used at the incinerator. It was found that when substituting coal based energy production total net savings were obtained in both the standard and toxic impact categories. However, if the substituted energy production was based on natural gas, only the most efficient recovery options yielded net savings with respect to the standard impacts. With regards to the toxic impact categories, emissions from the waste incineration process were always larger than those from the avoided energy production based on natural gas. The results shows that the potential environmental impacts from air emissions have decreased drastically during the last 35 years and that these impacts can be partly or fully offset by recovering energy which otherwise should have been produced from fossil fuels like coal or natural gas.

Damgaard, Anders, E-mail: and@env.dtu.d [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Riber, Christian [Ramboll, Consulting Engineers, Teknikerbyen 31, DK-2830 Virum (Denmark); Fruergaard, Thilde [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Hulgaard, Tore [Ramboll, Consulting Engineers, Teknikerbyen 31, DK-2830 Virum (Denmark); Christensen, Thomas H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

The potential impact of proposed hazardous air pollutant legislation on the US refining industry. Final report, Task 9  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Administration has recently submitted a Clean Air Act Bill to Congress which would significantly modify the regulatory treatment of industrial hazardous air pollutants (air toxics). The adverse economic impacts of this legislation on the petroleum refining industry could be substantial. Depending on how EPA interprets the legislative language, the capital costs of compliance for the proposed bill could range from $1.3 to $15.0 billion. At the upper end of the range, costs of this order of magnitude would be over 2.5 times larger than the combined estimated cost of EPAs gasoline volatility (RVP) regulations and the proposed diesel sulfur content regulations. Potential compliance costs could be as much as $0.40 per barrel processed for large, complex refineries and as much as $0.50 per barrel for some small, simple refineries. For perspective, total refining costs, including a normal return on investment, are $4--5 per barrel. Because foreign refineries supplying the US will not be affected by the US air toxics regulations, US refineries may not be able to raise prices sufficiently to recover their compliance costs. For this reason, the air toxic legislation may put US refineries at an economic disadvantage relative to foreign competitors. Even under the best petroleum product market conditions, costs of $0.40 to $0.50 per barrel processed could reduce US Gulf refiner cash operating margins by as much as 29 percent. Under less favorable market conditions, such as the mid-80`s when refiners were losing money, the hazardous air pollutant regulations could greatly increase US refiner operating losses and potentially lead to closure of some marginal refineries.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

2012-13 Princeton Global Scholar Dr. Tong Zhu is a world leading researcher on the impact of air pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of air pollution on public health, the mechanisms of atmospheric chemistry. His research spans the study research projects, he has led large international projects related to air pollution science, health impacts. Zhu led a team that formulated air pollution measures to improve air quality for the 2008 Beijing

350

Air Pollution and Mortality: Estimating Regional and National DoseResponse Relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution and Mortality: Estimating Regional and National Dose­Response Relationships Francesca pollution and mortality for the 88 largest U.S. cities for the period 1987­1994, to estimate relative rates the dependence of relative mortality rates on mean pollution levels, demographic variables, reliability

Dominici, Francesca

351

Mobile Air Pollution Monitoring Network W. Hedgecock, P. Vlgyesi, A. Ledeczi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile Air Pollution Monitoring Network W. Hedgecock, P. Völgyesi, A. Ledeczi, X. Koutsoukos, and A- resolution realtime pollution data at any location within the coverage area. We have prototyped sensors exposure to a given pollutant. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.4 [Information Systems Applications

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

352

A synthesis of the Air Pollution Over the Paris Region (ESQUIF) field campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Constituent sources and sinks; 0345 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Pollution--urban and regional (0305A synthesis of the Air Pollution Over the Paris Region (ESQUIF) field campaign Robert Vautard,1 2003. [1] Tropospheric photooxidant pollution was investigated in detail for the first time over

Menut, Laurent

353

Economic and policy implications of urban air pollution in the United States, 1970 to 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) over time as pollution levels change. Using these new models, we valued the economic benefit of reduced air pollution due to the Clean Air Act regulations to be over $7 trillion from 1970 to 2000, or 2.1% of aggregate ...

Yang, Trent, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Indoor air pollution in rural China: Cooking fuels, stoves, and health status  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid fuels are a major source of indoor air pollution, but in less developed countries the short-term health effects of indoor air pollution are poorly understood. The authors conducted a large cross-sectional study of rural Chinese households to determine associations between individual health status and domestic cooking as a source of indoor air pollution. The study included measures of health status as well as measures of indoor air-pollution sources, such as solid cooking fuels and cooking stoves. Compared with other fuel types, coal was associated with a lower health status, including negative impacts on exhaled carbon monoxide level, forced vital capacity, lifetime prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, and health care utilization. Decreasing household coal use, increasing use of improved stove technology, and increasing kitchen ventilation may decrease the short-term health effects of indoor air pollution.

Peabody, J.W.; Riddell, T.J.; Smith, K.R.; Liu, Y.P.; Zhao, Y.Y.; Gong, J.H.; Milet, M.; Sinton, J.E. [Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA (United States)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Traffic-related air toxics and preterm birth: a population-based case-control study in Los Angeles County, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air pollution exposures and preterm birth based on single pollutant models Exposure Metric Adjusted a Crude N (cases, controls)

Wilhelm, Michelle; Ghosh, Jo Kay; Su, Jason; Cockburn, Myles; Jerrett, Michael; Ritz, Beate

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Association Between Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution During Pregnancy and Children's Health Outcomes in the San Joaquin Valley of California: An Example of Causal Inference Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T. Holgate (2002). "Air pollution and health." Lancet 360(Ed. (1999). Air Pollution and Health. London, Academic2003). "Ambient air pollution and health." Br Med Bull 68:

Padula, Amy Michelle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

H.N. Knudsen, P. Wargocki and J. Vondruskova (2006) "Effect of ventilation on perceived quality of air polluted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality of air polluted by building materials ­ a summary of reported data", Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2006, Vol. 1, 57-62. #12;#12;Effect of ventilation on perceived quality of air polluted

358

AIR LECTURES HANDOUT 3 P Rhines 21 Feb 03 AIR: THE SMALL (AIR POLLUTION)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ coal smoke in winter (home heating) with clear air, radiational cooling stratifies air SMOG- warm of Science Technology and Environment ( www.pcd.go.th ). Site Location SO2 SO2 * NO2 NO2 * CO (1hr) CO (1hr small for this fluid cleaning mechanism to work. It is the smallest particles that can reach

359

Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K.R. , Biofuels, Air Pollution and Health: A Global Review.K.R. , Biofuels, Air Pollution and Health: A Global Review.K.R. , Biofuels, Air Pollution and Health: A Global Review.

Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

HAPs-Rx: Precombustion Removal of Hazardous Air Pollutant Precursors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CQ Inc. and its project team members--Howard University, PrepTech Inc., Fossil Fuel Sciences, the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and industry advisors--are applying mature coal cleaning and scientific principles to the new purpose of removing potentially hazardous air pollutants from coal. The team uniquely combines mineral processing, chemical engineering, and geochemical expertise. This project meets more than 11 goals of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Energy Strategy, and the 1993 Climate Change Action Plan. During this project: (1) Equations were developed to predict the concentration of trace elements in as-mined and cleaned coals. These equations, which address both conventional and advanced cleaning processes, can be used to increase the removal of hazardous air pollutant precursors (HAPs) by existing cleaning plants and to improve the design of new cleaning plants. (2) A promising chemical method of removing mercury and other HAPs was developed. At bench-scale, mercury reductions of over 50 percent were achieved on coal that had already been cleaned by froth flotation. The processing cost of this technology is projected to be less than $3.00 per ton ($3.30 per tonne). (3) Projections were made of the average trace element concentration in cleaning plant solid waste streams from individual states. Average concentrations were found to be highly variable. (4) A significantly improved understanding of how trace elements occur in coal was gained, primarily through work at the USGS during the first systematic development of semiquantitative data for mode of occurrence. In addition, significant improvement was made in the laboratory protocol for mode of occurrence determination. (5) Team members developed a high-quality trace element washability database. For example, the poorest mass balance closure for the uncrushed size and washability data for mercury on all four coals is 8.44 percent and the best is 0.46 percent. This indicates an extremely high level of reproducibility of the data. In addition, a series of ''round-robin'' tests involving various laboratories was performed to assure analytical accuracy. (6) A comparison of the cost of lowering mercury emissions through the use of coal cleaning technologies versus the use of post-combustion control methods such as activated carbon injection indicates that, in many cases, coal cleaning may prove to be the lower-cost option. The most significant disadvantage for using coal cleaning for control of mercury emissions is that a reduction of 90 percent or greater from as-fired coal has not yet been demonstrated, even at laboratory-scale.

David J. Akers; Clifford E. Raleigh

1998-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Perinatal Risk Factors and Autism in Los Angeles County: The Role of Air Pollution, Maternal Race/Ethnicity and Nativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control study of autism and air pollution, individual pollutantsair pollution exposures and autistic disorder, conditional logistic regression analysis using matched controls, adjusted two-pollutantair pollutant measurements, and 2) land-use regression (LUR) to model traffic related air pollution exposures, using a matched case-control

Becerra, Tracy Ann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

air pollution effects: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

We exploit exogenous variation in pollution due to the closure of a large refinery in Mexico City to understand how pollution impacts labor supply. The closure led to an 8...

363

air pollution effect: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

We exploit exogenous variation in pollution due to the closure of a large refinery in Mexico City to understand how pollution impacts labor supply. The closure led to an 8...

364

Quantifying air pollution removal by green roofs in Chicago Jun Yang a,c,*, Qian Yu b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying air pollution removal by green roofs in Chicago Jun Yang a,c,*, Qian Yu b , Peng Gong c t The level of air pollution removal by green roofs in Chicago was quantified using a dry deposition model. The result showed that a total of 1675 kg of air pollutants was removed by 19.8 ha of green roofs in one year

Yu, Qian

365

Applied Radiation and Isotopes 58 (2003) 333338 Study of air pollutants in Hong Kong using energy dispersive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applied Radiation and Isotopes 58 (2003) 333­338 Study of air pollutants in Hong Kong using energy were located within the area defined by vehicular emissions. As such, the main air pollutant monitoring site also fell into this same identified area, so the main air pollutant could also be vehicular

Yu, K.N.

366

The King's College London HEI project Health, Environment and Reducing air pollution in London, combating cardio-respiratory illness,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The King's College London HEI project ­ Health, Environment and Innovation Reducing air pollution & partners London suffers with the worst air pollution in the UK and some of poorest in Europe. Poor air effective way of quickly reducing pollutants that are amongst the most harmful to human health, ERG played

Applebaum, David

367

Abstract--Accurate recognition of air pollutants and estimation of their concentrations are critical for human health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exposure to air pollutions has a serious effect on the health of humans and has become the leading cause Abstract--Accurate recognition of air pollutants and estimation of their concentrations of relevant gases. However, because there are several air pollutants that need to be monitored simultaneously

Mason, Andrew

368

Acute Respiratory Health Effects in Asthmatic and Nonasthmatic Children Associated with Short-Term Exposure to Air Pollutants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Environ.Health Perspect.,63, 39-44. Whittemore,A.S., and Korn,E.L. (1980). Asthmaand air pollution-Term Exposure to Air Pollutants Author(s): Lisa Kan, Barry Wiggs, Mark Irwin, Irene Yee Source: The CanadianMemorandumof Intenton TransboundaryAir Pollution(1983). Impactassessment-Work Group I. Final Report,Section 4, pp. 1

Irwin, Mark E.

369

Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy and the Benefits of Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy and the Benefits and Policy Program #12;2 #12;Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large

370

Inferring Air Pollution by Sniffing Social Media Shike Mei, Han Li, Jing Fan, Xiaojin Zhu and Charles R. Dyer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inferring Air Pollution by Sniffing Social Media Shike Mei, Han Li, Jing Fan, Xiaojin Zhu issue of air pollution in China and elsewhere in the world is to monitor it. While more physical prediction performance of our approach. I. INTRODUCTION Air pollution is a significant issue in China

Dyer, Charles R.

371

J Epidemiol Community Health . Author manuscript Air pollution and asthma control in the Epidemiological study on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J Epidemiol Community Health . Author manuscript Page /1 12 Air pollution and asthma control between exposure to air pollution and asthma control are not well known. The objective is to assess air pollution and the three domains of asthma control (symptoms, exacerbations and lung function

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 65 (2004) 557577 Parallel runs of a large air pollution model on a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-three decades. The need to establish reliable control strategies for the air pollution levels will become evenMathematics and Computers in Simulation 65 (2004) 557­577 Parallel runs of a large air pollution 20 January 2004; accepted 21 January 2004 Abstract Large-scale air pollution models can successfully

373

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nations site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides that are resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds, dust-devils) along with historically-contaminated soils on the NTS. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (40 Code of Federal Regulations 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent (EDE) to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS for inhaling radioactive particles that may be carried by wind off of the NTS. This limit assumes that members of the public surrounding the NTS may also inhale background levels or radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities that come from naturally-occurring elements in the environment (e.g., radon gas from the earth or natural building materials) or from other man-made sources (e.g., cigarette smoke). The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires DOE facilities (e.g., the NTS) to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP dose limit by annually estimating the dose to a hypothetical member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI), or the member of the public who resides within an 80-kilometer (50-mile) radius of the facility who would experience the highest annual dose. This dose to a hypothetical person living close to the NTS cannot exceed 10 mrem/yr. C.1 This report has been produced annually for the EPA Region IX, and for the state of Nevada since 1992 and documents that the estimated EDE to the MEI has been, and continues to be, well below the NESHAP dose limit. The report format and level of technical detail has been dictated by the EPA and DOE Headquarters over the years. It is read and evaluated for NESHAP compliance by federal and state regulators. Each section and appendix presents technical information (e.g., NTS emission source estimates, onsite air sampling data, air transport model input parameters, dose calculation methodology, etc.), which supports the annual dose assessment conclusions. In 2005, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the estimated dose to the public from inhalation of radiological emissions from current and past NTS activities is shown to be well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. This was demonstrated by air sampling data collected onsite at each of six EPA-approved critical receptor stations on the NTS. The sum of measured EDEs from the four stations at the NTS boundaries is 2.5 mrem/yr. This dose is 25 percent of the allowed NESHAP dose limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, this individual receives only a small fraction of this dose. NESHAP compliance does not require DOE facilities to estimate annual inhalation dose from non-DOE activities. Therefore, this report does not estimate public radiation doses from any other sources or activities (e.g., naturally-occurring radon, global fallout).

Bechtel Nevada

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

1998 INEEL National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1998. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1998, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

J. W. Tkachyk

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

1999 INEEL National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1999. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1999, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

J. W. Tkachyk

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

ULTRA HIGH EFFICIENCY ESP DEVELOPMENT FOR AIR TOXICS CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because more than 90 percent of U.S. coal-fired utility boilers are equipped with electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), retrofitable ESP technologies represent a logical approach towards achieving the Department of Energy's (DOE) goal of a major reduction in fine particulate and mercury emissions (air toxics) from coal based power systems. EPA's recent issuance of significantly tightened ambient air standards for particles smaller than 2.5 {micro}m (PM{sub 2.5}) creates a new urgency for developing cost-effective means to control fine particulate emissions. This challenge is compounded by the on-going switch in the utility industry to low-sulfur Powder River Basin (PRB) coals, that generate higher resistivity and difficult-to-collect fly ash. Particulate emissions can increase by a factor of ten when a utility switches to a low-sulfur coal. Numerous power plants are presently limited in operation by the inability of their ESPs to control opacity at high loads. In Phase I of this program, ABB investigated five technologies to improve the collection of fine particulate and trace metals in ESPs. These included: (1) flue-gas cooling, (2) flue-gas humidification, (3) pulsed energization, (4) wet ESP and precharger modules, and (5) sorbent injection for mercury control. Tests were conducted with an Eastern bituminous coal and a Powder River Basin sub-bituminous low-sulfur coal in an integrated pilot-scale combustor and ESP test facility. The impacts of the different retrofit technologies on ESP performance, individually and in combination, were evaluated indepth through advanced sampling and measurement techniques. In Phase II, the most promising concepts identified from Phase I testing, flue-gas cooling and humidification, pulsed energization, and sorbent injection at low flue-gas temperatures for mercury control, were integrated into a commercially oriented sub-scale system for field testing at Commonwealth Edison's Waukegan Unit No. 8. The main objective of the proposed Phase II testing was to determine longer term ESP performance and mercury capture improvements with the above enhancements for a range of low-sulfur coals currently fired by utilities. Unanticipated cost growth in readying the Pilot Plant for shipment and during slipstream construction at the utility host site resulted in the issuance of a preemptive stop work order from ABB until a detailed technical and budgetary review of the project could be completed. Four program recovery scenarios were developed and presented to the DOE. After careful review of these options, it was decided to terminate the program and although the Pilot Plant installation was essentially completed, no testing was performed. The Pilot Plant was subsequently decommissioned and the host site returned to its preprogram condition.

David K. Anderson

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Reducing indoor residential exposures to outdoor pollutants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic strategy for providing indoor air quality in residences is to dilute indoor sources with outdoor air. This strategy assumes that the outdoor air does not have pollutants at harmful levels or that the outdoor air is, at least, less polluted than the indoor air. When this is not the case, different strategies need to be employed to ensure adequate air quality in the indoor environment. These strategies include ventilation systems, filtration and other measures. These strategies can be used for several types of outdoor pollution, including smog, particulates and toxic air pollutants. This report reviews the impacts that typical outdoor air pollutants can have on the indoor environment and provides design and operational guidance for mitigating them. Poor quality air cannot be used for diluting indoor contaminants, but more generally it can become an indoor contaminant itself. This paper discusses strategies that use the building as protection against potentially hazardous outdoor pollutants, including widespread pollutants, accidental events, and potential attacks.

Sherman, Max H.; Matson, Nance E.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Childhood Cancer and Traffic-Related Air Pollution Exposure in Pregnancy and Early Life  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exposure to traffic and nitrogen dioxide. Epidemiology 16(in Taiwan using nitrogen dioxide as an air pollutant marker.benzene and modeled nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) as a marker of

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Environmental Justice? An analysis of air pollution and power plants in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Justice? An analysis of air pollution and power plants in California by Anita Milman: _______________________________________ Date #12;#12;I would like to thank the following people and institutions for their support: The Energy............................................................................................ 11 Power Plants Evaluated

Kammen, Daniel M.

380

Diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During the dry season of 20042005 we carried out field measurements of air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, a bowl-shaped urban basin in the Himalayan foothills of Nepal. We measured the trace ...

Panday, Arnico K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: 2. Modeling results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After completing a 9-month field experiment studying air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, we set up the mesoscale meteorological model MM5 to simulate the Kathmandu Valley's meteorology with a ...

Panday, Arnico K.

382

Technology and policy options for reducing industrial air pollutants in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology plays an important role in dealing with air pollution and other environmental problems faced by developing and developed societies. This research examines if technological solutions alone, such as end-of-pipe ...

Vijay, Samudra, 1968-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-pollution-control residues leaching...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

leaching Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air-pollution-control residues leaching Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Solid Residues from...

384

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution damage Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

damage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution damage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications...

385

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution risk Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

risk Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution risk Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Department of Earth and...

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution aspects Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aspects Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution aspects Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Basly L., Wald L., 2000. Remote sensing...

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution index Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

index Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution index Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BEAULANT, Anne-Lise, RANCHIN, Thierry, WEBER,...

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution burden Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

burden Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution burden Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Economic and Policy Implications of Urban...

389

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution vurdering Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution vurdering Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ris-R-1357(DA) Udarbejdelse og...

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient air pollution--comparison Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ambient air pollution--comparison Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 IV. Summary of Core Environmental...

391

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution salt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

salt Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution salt Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Contact: Lori M. Quillen, Director of...

392

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution forecast Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

forecast Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution forecast Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 DISCOVER-AQ Outlook for Wednesay, July...

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution address Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

address Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution address Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Daniel Poleschook Jr. and Ginger Gumm The...

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution costs Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

costs Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution costs Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street, Oakland,...

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution hotspot Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hotspot Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution hotspot Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Frey, H.C., and K. Zhang, "Spatial and...

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants application Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genigraphics -800.790.4001 Summary: .dugum@mail.mcgill.ca The impact of traffic-related air pollution on the health of urban populations is an important concern... that has been...

397

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution ii Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ii Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution ii Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Department of Earth and...

398

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution ship Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ship Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution ship Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street, Oakland, CA...

399

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution iv Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

iv Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution iv Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street, Oakland, CA...

400

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant exposure Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 4 5 > >> 1 Poster Design & Printing by Genigraphics -800.790.4001 Summary: exposure to air pollution and the traffic size on the streets. Spatial Distribution of Traffic-Induced...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution survey Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

survey Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution survey Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Daniel Poleschook Jr. and Ginger Gumm The...

402

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution zones Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

zones Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution zones Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the Environmental health...

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution held Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

held Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution held Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BEAULANT, Anne-Lise, RANCHIN, Thierry, WEBER,...

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution lessons Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lessons Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution lessons Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Global Ozone Project Ozone Formation in...

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution sampling Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sampling Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution sampling Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 griculture is in the spotlight as a...

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution health Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

health Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution health Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street, Oakland,...

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution genetic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

genetic Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution genetic Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Overview of CCCEH Research Studies The...

408

Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects Institute, 2010; Nawrot et al., 2011). Air pollution exposure is particularly high for travelers-established negative health impacts for urban populations (Brook et al., 2010; Forastiere & Agabiti, 2013; Health

409

An integrated assessment of air pollutant abatement opportunities in a computable general equilibrium framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air pollution and anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission reduction policies are desirable to reduce smog, tropospheric concentrations of ozone precursors, acid rain, and other adverse effects on human health, the environment, ...

Waugh, C. (Caleb Joseph)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Air quality during the 2008 Beijing Olympics: secondary pollutants and regional impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air pollutant emissions of coal-fired power plants in China:2 from control of emissions in coal- fired power plants, COin coal-fired power plants. The increased regional emission

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

air pollution emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

who is the director of a research Escolano, Francisco 255 Satellite observations of Mexico City pollution outflow from the Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES)...

412

air pollutant emissions: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

who is the director of a research Escolano, Francisco 255 Satellite observations of Mexico City pollution outflow from the Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES)...

413

air pollutant emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

who is the director of a research Escolano, Francisco 255 Satellite observations of Mexico City pollution outflow from the Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES)...

414

air pollution emissions: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

who is the director of a research Escolano, Francisco 255 Satellite observations of Mexico City pollution outflow from the Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES)...

415

Linking air pollution with climate change Dennis Anderson, Terry Barker, Tim Foxon, Haoran Pan,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to petrol as a transport fuel (a potential method to reduce CO2 emissions from the transport sector distribute emission abatement efforts between pollutants and countries in such a way as to deliver on both greenhouse gas mitigation and air pollution reduction targets. This project seeks to develop the ability

Matthews, Adrian

416

The effects of air pollution on visibility at Edwards AFB, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION ON VISIBILITY AT EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA A Thesis by JEFFREY SCOTT TONGUE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1987 Major Subject: Meteorology THE EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION ON VISIBILITY AT EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA A Thesis by JEFFREY SCOTT TONGUE Approved as to style and content by: Walter K. Henry (Chairman of Committee) Kenneth C. Brundidge...

Tongue, Jeffrey Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Ambient air pollution exposure and the incidence of related health effects among racial/ethnic minorities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differences among racial and ethnic groups in morbidity and mortality rates for diseases, including diseases with environmental causes, have been extensively documented. However, documenting the linkages between environmental contaminants, individual exposures, and disease incidence has been hindered by difficulties in measuring exposure for the population in general and for minority populations in particular. After briefly discussing research findings on associations of common air pollutants with disease incidence, the authors summarize recent studies of radial/ethnic subgroup differences in incidence of these diseases in the US. They then present evidence of both historic and current patterns of disproportionate minority group exposure to air pollution as measured by residence in areas where ambient air quality standards are violated. The current indications of disproportionate potential exposures of minority and low-income populations to air pollutants represent the continuation of a historical trend. The evidence of linkage between disproportionate exposure to air pollution of racial/ethnic minorities and low-income groups and their higher rates of some air pollution-related diseases is largely circumstantial. Differences in disease incidence and mortality rates among racial/ethnic groups are discussed for respiratory diseases, cancers, and lead poisoning. Pollutants of concern include CO, Pb, SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, and particulates.

Nieves, L.A.; Wernette, D.R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

No person shall operate a source which has a significant impact on air quality in such a manner as to cause or contribute to a violation of ambient air quality standards....

419

Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships: Diesel Engine Particulate Emission Reduction via Lube-Oil-Consumption Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships: Diesel Engine Particulate Emission Reduction via Lube the effectiveness of reducing engine lube-oil consumption as a means to reduce particulate pollutants. In this study-lube-oil-consumption designs, for example, could be an option with existing engines. AIR POLLUTION FROM SHIPS The motivation

Brown, Alan

420

HEI/CDC/EPA Workshop on Tracking Air Pollution Health Effects A Report to the US Centers for Disease Prevention and Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEI/CDC/EPA Workshop on Tracking Air Pollution Health Effects 1 #12;2 A Report to the US Centers Tracking of Air Pollution Effects January 15-16, 2008 #12;HEI/CDC/EPA Workshop on Tracking Air Pollution ........................................................................................................................................... 13 AN INCREMENTAL APPROACH TO PUBLIC HEALTH TRACKING OF AIR POLLUTION

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

Duflo, Esther

422

Impact of realistic hourly emissions profiles on air pollutants concentrations modelled with CHIMERE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of realistic hourly emissions profiles on air pollutants concentrations modelled Keywords: Atmospheric composition European air quality Anthropogenic emissions a b s t r a c t Regional inputs data like anthropogenic surface emissions of NOx, VOCs and particulate matter. These emissions

Menut, Laurent

423

Atmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 66966710 Indoor secondary pollutants from cleaning product and air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-in scented-oil air freshener (AFR) was operated for several days. Cleaning products were applied-mail address: BCSinger@lbl.gov (B.C. Singer). #12;1. Introduction Many consumer cleaning products and airAtmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 6696­6710 Indoor secondary pollutants from cleaning product

Short, Daniel

424

Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Home Work Assignment Ozone Chemistry 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Fall 2010 Home Work Assignment Ozone Chemistry 2 and Chemistry EAS 6790 Fall 2006 Home Work Assignment No. 4, Ozone Chemistry Problems 11.8 and 11.9 (sub-part 1 and 2 only). Daniel Jacob, Atmospheric Chemistry #12;2 Problem 2: 2 2. Consider an air parcel ventilated

Weber, Rodney

425

Environmental Health Perspectives volume 119 | number 10 | October 2011 1351 Air pollution problems can be traced to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

centuries. Systematic efforts to control air pollution and concurrently pro tect public health commencedEnvironmental Health Perspectives · volume 119 | number 10 | October 2011 1351 Commentary Air; Vallero 2008). Although national assessments of air pollution trends are available [e.g., U

Chen, Kuang-Yu

426

Traffic-related air pollution exposures and changes in heart rate variability in Mexico City: A panel study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Background While air pollution exposures have been linked to cardiovascular outcomes, the contribution from acute gas and particle traffic-related pollutants remains unclear. Using a panel study design with repeated ...

Shields, Kyra Naumoff

427

TRACKING THE LITTLE BLACK "RAIN" CLOUDS: AN ENVIRO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS ON PEDIATRIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRACKING THE LITTLE BLACK "RAIN" CLOUDS: AN ENVIRO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch were wonderful research hosts and helpful model critics. Thank you

Maxwell, Bruce D.

428

Toxicity bioassays: Water pollution effects on aquatic animals and plants. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning toxicity bioassay studies of water pollution effects on reproduction, growth, and mortality of aquatic fauna and flora. Industrial and agricultural water pollutants such as heavy metals, chemicals, pesticides, and herbicides are evaluated and tested. Standard fish and algal assays are used to determine effects of potential toxicants. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Linking local air pollution to global chemistry and climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have incorporated a reduced-form urban air chemistry model in MIT's 2D-LO coupled chemistry-climate model. The computationally efficient reduced-form urban model is derived from the California Institute of Technology-Carnegie ...

Mayer, Monika.; Wang, Chien.; Webster, Mort David.; Prinn, Ronald G.

430

Florida Air and Water Pollution Control Act (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the policy of the state of Florida to protect, maintain, and improve the quality of the air and waters of the state. This Act authorizes the Department of Environmental Protection to enact...

431

Air Pollution with Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Slovakia Studied by the Moss Biomonitoring Technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying the moss biomonitoring technique to air pollution studies in Slovakia, heavy metals, rare-earth elements, actinides (U and Th) were determined in 86 moss samples from the European moss survey 2000 by means of epithermal neutron activation analysis at the IBR-2 reactor (Dubna). Such elements as In, Cu, Cd, Hg and Pb were determined by AAS in the Forest Research Institute, Zvolen (Slovakia). The results of measurement of the natural radionuclides ^{210}Pb, ^{7}Be, ^{137}Cs and ^{40}K in 11 samples of moss are also reported. A comparison with the results from moss surveys 1991 and 1995 revealed previously unknown tendencies of air pollution in the examined areas.

Florek, M; Mankovska, B; Oprea, K; Pavlov, S S; Steinnes, E; Sykora, I

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation An Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selection in Life-Cycle Inventories Using Hybrid Approaches,and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses,Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation

Horvath, Arpad; Chester, Mikhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Evaluation of air toxic emissions from advanced and conventional coal-fired power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the air toxics measurements at three advanced power systems and a base case conventional fossil fuel power plant. The four plants tested include a pressurized fluidized bed combustor, integrated gasification combined cycle, circulating fluidized bed combustor, and a conventional coal-fired plant.

Chu, P.; Epstein, M. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Gould, L. [Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Botros, P. [Department of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air PollutantsCalendar Year 2010 INL Report for Radionuclides (2011)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the calendar Year 2010 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.'

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A statistical study of the macroepidemiology of air pollution and total mortality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A statistical analysis of spatial patterns of 1980 US urban total mortality (all causes) was performed, evaluating demographic, socioeconomic and air pollution factors as predictors. Specific mortality predictors included cigarette smoking, drinking water hardness, heating fuel use, and 1978-1982 annual concentrations of the following air pollutants: ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfate aerosol, particulate concentrations of lead, iron, cadmium, manganese, vanadium, as well as total and fine particle mass concentrations from the inhalable particulate network (dichotomous samplers). In addition, estimates of sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, and sulfate aerosol were made for each city using the ASTRAP long-range transport diffusion model, and entered into the analysis as independent variables. Because the number of cities with valid air quality and water hardness data varied considerably by pollutant, it was necessary to consider several different data sets, ranging from 48 to 952 cities. The relatively strong associations (ca. 5--10%) shown for 1980 pollution with 1980 total mortality are generally not confirmed by independent studies, for example, in Europe. In addition, the US studies did not find those pollutants with known adverse health effects at the concentrations in question (such as ozone or CO) to be associated with mortality. The question of causality vs. circumstantial association must therefore be regarded as still unresolved. 59 refs., 20 figs., 40 tabs.

Lipfert, F.W.; Malone, R.G.; Daum, M.L.; Mendell, N.R.; Yang, Chin-Chun

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Effects of air pollution on the respiratory health of children: a cross-sectional study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate the effects of air pollution on the respiratory health of children, a subject of some controversy, a comparative study was undertaken of 2,385 school children who lived in central urban, peripheral urban, and suburban areas. Daily monitoring of sulfur dioxide and total suspended particle concentrations in all areas showed that pollutant concentrations in central and peripheral urban areas were above commonly accepted safety levels for respiratory health, while concentrations in the suburban area were within acceptable limits. A questionnaire administered to each mother assessed environmental exposure to pollutants in the household, the occurrence of respiratory symptoms as well as lung diseases as diagnosed by a physician, and general information. Children were interviewed about smoking habits and any acute respiratory symptoms. Children also performed standard lung function tests. Results showed that children from both urban areas had lessened pulmonary function and a higher prevalence of bronchial secretion with common colds than did those from the suburban area. These differences persisted after corrections for exposure to indoor pollutants, active or passive smoking, socioeconomic status, and sex. Parental cigarette smoking was related to a fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 second and an increased incidence of acute respiratory illnesses and chronic cough in children. Although boys had higher lung volumes and lower air flow, regression analysis showed no significant influence of the interactions sex-geographic area and sex-smoking on lung function. It was concluded that air pollution has a significant effect on the respiratory health of children.

Spinaci, S.; Arossa, W.; Bugiani, M.; Natale, P.; Bucca, C.; de Candussio, G.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Demolition of High-Rise Public Housing Increases Particulate Matter Air Pollution in Communities of High-Risk Asthmatics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) air pollution, which may ad- versely affect the respiratory health of nearby residents. DemolitionDemolition of High-Rise Public Housing Increases Particulate Matter Air Pollution in Communities of High-Risk Asthmatics Samuel Dorevitch Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences

Illinois at Chicago, University of

438

Mesoscale Atmospheric Dispersion, 2001, Ed. Z. Boybeyi, WIT Publications, Southampton, UK, Advances in Air Pollution, Vol 9, p. 424.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surface­atmosphere exchanges in mesoscale air pollution systems Devdutta S. Niyogi & Sethu Raman NorthMesoscale Atmospheric Dispersion, 2001, Ed. Z. Boybeyi, WIT Publications, Southampton, UK, Advances in Air Pollution, Vol 9, p. 424. Chapter 9 Numerical modeling of gas deposition and bi- directional

Raman, Sethu

439

Pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms of school children exposed to ambient air pollution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was undertaken to evaluate the health effect of air pollution on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms of Korean school children between 7 and 10 years of age during November 1995-January 1996. A standard respiratory symptom questionnaire was administered and spirometry was performed to examine pulmonary function of 121 children in an urban polluted area, Seoul, and of 119 children in non-polluted area, Sokcho, respectively. There was significant difference in the level of pulmonary function [forced expiratory volume in second (FEV{sub 1.0}) and forced vital capacity (FVC)] between exposed groups to polluted area and non-polluted area. Parental smoking was significantly related to respiratory symptoms of cough, phlegm, and the level of pulmonary function. The observed changes in FEV{sub 1.0} and FVC seemed to relate to home cooking fuel, not to respiratory symptoms. The additional longitudinal work that carefully monitors ambient and indoor air pollution and health effects data should be conducted to confirm these results.

Kim, Yoon Shin; Ko, Ung Ring [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically-contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration.

NSTec Environmental Technical Services

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Remote Sensing of Mobile Source Air Pollutant Emissions: Variability and Uncertainty in On-Road Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Remote Sensing of Mobile Source Air Pollutant Emissions: Variability and Uncertainty in On.0 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Mobile Source Emissions 2 1.2 Emission Regulations 2 1.3 Emissions Contributions of "Non Estimates 70 6.3 Fuel Economy Data for School Buses Observed at the Rock Quarry Road Site 75 6.4 Diesel

Frey, H. Christopher

442

Dioxin/furans and Air Pollution Control Dioxins and furans are chlorinated compounds produced during all  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dioxin/furans and Air Pollution Control Dioxins and furans are chlorinated compounds produced baghouse. As a result of the new controls, the dioxin/furan emissions of WTE plants in the U (28 million tons of MSW combusted) emit less than six grams TEQ dioxins per year. In comparison

443

First Observations of SO2 from the Satellite Suomi NPP OMPS: Widespread Air Pollution Events over  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First Observations of SO2 from the Satellite Suomi NPP OMPS: Widespread Air Pollution Events over author: Kai Yang, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, Code 614, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Rd Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA. (Kai.Yang-1@nasa.gov) 1 Department of Atmospheric

Dickerson, Russell R.

444

Ship emissions and air pollution in Present situation and future scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND OBJECTIVES 19 THE STUDY 19 MAIN CONCLUSIONS 20 PROJECT RESULTS 22 The AIS-based emission inventory 22.10 RESULTS: SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION 56 3 SHIP EMISSION INVENTORIES FOR AIR POLLUTION MODELLING 61 3.1 INTRODUCTION 61 3.2 "EMEP-REF" INVENTORY 62 3.3 "AIS-2007" AND "EMEP-2007" INVENTORIES 64 3.4 "AIS

445

Forest models: their development and potential applications for air pollution effects research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As research tools for evaluating the effects of chronic air pollution stress, forest simulation models offer one means of integrating forest growth and development data with generalized indices of pollution stress. This approach permits consideration of both the competitive interactions of trees in the forest stand and the influences of the stage of stand development on sensitivity of component species. A review of forest growth models, including tree, stand, and gap models, is provided as a means of evaluating relative strengths, weaknesses, and limits of applicability of representative examples of each type. Data from recent simulations with a gap model of eastern deciduous forest responses to air pollution stress are presented to emphasize the potential importance of competition in modifying individual species' responses in a forest stand. Recent developments in dendroecology are discussed as a potential mechanism for model validation and extended application.

Shugart, H.H.; McLaughlin, S.B.; West, D.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Colorado Air Pollution Control Division - Construction Permits Forms and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanicPowerRaft River 5 MW PowerEnergyInformationAir

447

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations-1192, Japan. #12;Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations

Kentucky, University of

448

{open_quotes}Fine particulate control and air toxics{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tables 1-4 give an overview of current TSP control capabilities of fabric filters on some applications. Very little data is available as to the control of PM{sub 10} and under. Most air toxic limitations will require much higher control as can be seen in Tables 5 and 6. The control of most air toxics is definitely related to the control of TSP and PM{sub 10}, however it appears that meeting current limits of TSP do not ensure meeting the desired air toxic limits. Since TSP is desired to be used as a surrogate and is all that is routinely monitored through opacity or other stack CEM systems, lower TSP limits would have to be met which opens the question of how accurate we can monitor TSP or PM{sub 10} on a continuous basis. Tables 3 and 4 provide some insight as to the uniformity of TSP results between identical operating units and over time at two NSW installation. Except for the 9/10/91 test, the baghouses were inspected for failing bags prior to testing. Tables 7 and 8 show the impact of TSP and air toxic metals of a plant upset. In this case it took up to one day for the emissions to return to normal following a 30 minute complete shutdown of the incinerator and three baghouse systems being tested. Table 9 describes the impact of broken bags on emissions for a typical size baghouse. As emission levels become tighter in attempts to control air toxics, response to broken bags will take on new importance. More importantly, system design changes to promote longer bag life and better emission monitoring will be needed. Once continuous monitoring of outlet particulate is required, the industry will be challenged. Until then it will be business as usual with designs aimed at passing a one time or yearly stack test with the baghouse primed for peak performance. This won`t do much to protect the environment from air toxics to the proposed units.

Chang, R. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Greiner, G.P. [ETS International, Inc., Roanoke, VA (United States); Harrison, W. [Southern Company Services, Birmingham, AL (United States); Nichols, G.B. [Southern Research Institute, Birmingham, AL (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

449

Innovative pollution prevention program at Air Force owned Raytheon operated facility incorporating Russian technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air Force Plant 44 in Tucson, Arizona is owned by the Air Force and operated by Raytheon Missile Systems Company. A joint Air Force/Raytheon Pollution Prevention Team operates at AFP 44 with the ultimate goal to minimize or eliminate the use of hazardous substances. The team works together to uncover new technologies and methods that will replace chemicals used in the plant's missile manufacturing facilities. The program maximizes pollution prevention by first eliminating hazardous material use, then chemical recycling, next hazardous waste reduction and finally wastewater treatment and recycling. From fiscal years 1994 through 1997, nine pollution prevention projects have been implemented, totaling $2.6 million, with a payback averaging less than two years. A unique wastewater treatment method has been demonstrated as part of this program. This is electroflotation, a Russian technology which removes dispersed particles from liquid with gas bubbles obtained during water electrolysis. A unit was built in the US which successfully removed organic emulsions from wastewater. Operational units are planned for the removal of waste from waterfall paint booths. The pollution prevention joint team continues to be very active with two projects underway in FY 98 and two more funded for FY 99.

Stallings, J.H.; Cepeda-Calderon, S.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, June 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sources of radionuclides include current and previous activities conducted on the NTS. The NTS was the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. between 1951 and 1992. Historical testing has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950s and early 1960s, (2) underground testing between 1951 and 1992, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing (DOE, 1996a). No nuclear tests have been conducted since September 23,1992 (DOE, 2000), however; radionuclides remaining on the soil surface in many NTS areas after several decades of radioactive decay are re-suspended into the atmosphere at concentrations that can be detected by air sampling. Limited non-nuclear testing includes spills of hazardous materials at the Non-Proliferation Test and Evaluation Complex (formerly called the Hazardous Materials Spill Center), private technology development, aerospace and demilitarization activities, and site remediating activities. Processing of radioactive materials is limited to laboratory analyses; handling, transport, storage, and assembly of nuclear explosive devices or radioactive targets for the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) gas gun; and operation of radioactive waste management sites (RWMSs) for low-level radioactive and mixed waste (DOE, 1996a). Monitoring and evaluation of the various activities conducted onsite indicate that the potential sources of offsite radiation exposure in calendar year (CY) 2004 were releases from (1) evaporation of tritiated water (HTO) from containment ponds that receive drainage water from E Tunnel in Area 12 and water pumped from wells used to characterize the aquifers at the sites of past underground nuclear tests, (2) onsite radioanalytical laboratories, (3) the Area 3 and Area 5 RWMS facilities, and (4) diffuse sources of tritium (H{sup 3}) and re-suspension of plutonium ({sup 239+240}Pu) and americium ({sup 241}Am) at the sites of past nuclear tests. The following sections present a general description of the present sources on the NTS and at the North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). At the NLVF, parts of Building A-1 were contaminated with tritium by a previous contractor in 1995. The incident involved the release of tritium as HTO. This unusual occurrence led to a very small potential exposure to an offsite person. The HTO emission has continued at lower levels (probably re-emanation from building materials), even after cleanup activities in November and December 1997. A description of the incident and the potential effective dose equivalent (EDE) for offsite exposure are set forth in Appendix A.

Robert F. Grossman

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,500 km2 (1,350 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi)north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

Stuart Black; Yvonne Townsend

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 1999  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the US Department of Energy's Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km{sup 2} (1,375 mi{sup 2}), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

R. F. Grossman

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Environmental Health Perspectives VOLUME 109 | NUMBER 5 | May 2001 481 Quantifying the Effects of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to indoor air pollution high on the agenda of international development and public health organizations (10 of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Combustion on Acute Respiratory Infections in Developing to indoor air pollution, especially to particulate matter, from the combustion of biofuels (wood, charcoal

Kammen, Daniel M.

454

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2001  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities, experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Program, and the activities listed below. Located in Nye County, Nevada, the site's southeast corner is about 88 km (55 mi) northwest of the major population center, Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km2 (1,375 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands (Figure 1.0). The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS, and slow-moving groundwater is present hundreds to thousands of feet below the land surface. The sources of radionuclides include current and previous activities conducted on the NTS (Figure 2.0). The NTS was the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. between 1951 and 1992. Historical testing above or at ground surface has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. Since the mid-1950s, testing of nuclear explosive devices has occurred underground in drilled vertical holes or in mined tunnels (DOE 1996a). No such tests have been conducted since September 23, 1992 (DOE 2000). Limited non-nuclear testing includes spills of hazardous materials at the Hazardous Materials Spill Center, private technology development, aerospace and demilitarization activities, and site remediating activities. Processing of radioactive materials is limited to laboratory analyses, and handling is restricted to transport, storage, and assembly of nuclear explosive devices and operation of radioactive waste management sites (RWMSs) for low-level radioactive and mixed waste (DOE 1996a). Monitoring and evaluation of the various activities conducted onsite indicate that the potential sources of offsite radiation exposure in CY 2001 were releases from (1) evaporation of tritiated water (HTO) from containment ponds that receive drainage water from E Tunnel in Area 12 and from discharges of two wells (Well U-3cn PS No. 2 and Well ER-20-5 No.3) into lined ponds, (2) onsite radio analytical laboratories, (3) the Area 5 RWMS (RWMS-5) facility, and (4) diffuse sources of tritium and re- suspension of plutonium and americium. The following sections present a general description of the present sources on the NTS and at the North Las Vegas Facility.

Y. E. Townsend

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Integrated Air Pollution Control System (IAPCS), Executable Model (Version 4. 0) (for microcomputers). Model-Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Integrated Air Pollution Control System (IAPCS) Cost Model is an IBM PC cost model that can be used to estimate the cost of installing SO2, NOx, and particulate matter control systems at coal-fired utility electric generating facilities. The model integrates various combinations of the following technologies: physical coal cleaning, coal switching, overfire air/low NOx burners, natural gas reburning, LIMB, ADVACATE, electrostatic precipitator, fabric filter, gas conditioning, wet lime or limestone FGD, lime spray drying/duct spray drying, dry sorbent injection, pressurized fluidized bed combustion, integrated gasification combined cycle, and pulverized coal burning boiler. The model generates capital, annualized, and unitized pollutant removal costs in either constant or current dollars for any year.

Not Available

1990-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

456

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air PollutantsCalendar Year 2012 INL Report for Radionuclides (2013)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energys Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities. The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air PollutantsCalendar Year 2011 INL Report for Radionuclides (2012)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.' The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air PollutantsCalendar Year 2013 INL Report for Radionuclides (2014)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energys Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities. The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

THE GLOBAL EXPOSURE OF FORESTS TO AIR POLLUTANTS DAVID FOWLER', J. NEIL CAPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' as S are in the temperate latitudes, with 8% of total global forest exceeding this threshold. By 2050, 17% of global forestTHE GLOBAL EXPOSURE OF FORESTS TO AIR POLLUTANTS DAVID FOWLER', J. NEIL CAPE l , MHAIRI COYLE moorland for S and N deposition with totals of 53.6 kg S ha- 1 y 1 and 69.5 kg N ha- y respectively

460

Clean Air and Environmental Quality Volume 40 No.2. May 2006 43 POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF AIR POLLUTION AEROSOLS ON PRECIPITATION IN AUSTRALIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AEROSOLS ON PRECIPITATION IN AUSTRALIA Potential impacts of air pollution aerosols on precipitation in Australia D. Rosenfeld, I. M. Lensky, J. Peterson and A. Gingis ABSTRACT It has been known for decades pollution sources in southeastern Australia. These findings prompted climatological studies that quantified

Daniel, Rosenfeld

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Environmental toxicants and autism spectrum disorders: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), solvents, toxic waste sites, air pollutants and heavy metals, with the strongest evidence found for air pollutants and pesticides. Gestational exposure to methylmercury (through fish retrospective case­control, ecological or prospective cohort studies, although a few had weaker study designs

Cai, Long

462

Daily air pollution effects on children's respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To identify acute respiratory health effects associated with air pollution due to coal combustion, a subgroup of elementary school-aged children was selected from a large cross-sectional study and followed daily for eight months. Children were selected to obtain three equal-sized groups: one without respiratory symptoms, one with symptoms of persistent wheeze, and one with cough or phlegm production but without persistent wheeze. Parents completed a daily diary of symptoms from which illness constellations of upper respiratory illness (URI) and lower respiratory illness (LRI) and the symptom of wheeze were derived. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) was measured daily for nine consecutive weeks during the eight-month study period. Maximum hourly concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and coefficient of haze for each 24-hour period, as well as minimum hourly temperature, were correlated with daily URI, LRI, wheeze, and PEFR using multiple regression models adjusting for illness occurrence or level of PEFR on the immediately preceding day. Respiratory illness on the preceding day was the most important predictor of current illness. A drop in temperature was associated with increased URI and LRI but not with increased wheeze or with a decrease in level of PEFR. No air pollutant was strongly associated with respiratory illness or with level of PEFR, either in the group of children as a whole, or in either of the symptomatic subgroups; the pollutant concentrations observed, however, were uniformly lower than current ambient air quality standards.

Vedal, S.; Schenker, M.B.; Munoz, A.; Samet, J.M.; Batterman, S.; Speizer, F.E.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: Hazardous Air Pollutant Requirements and the DOE Clean Coal Technology Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the US Department of Energy -- Office of Fossil Energy (DOE FE) Clean Coal Technology Program (CCTP) is to provide the US energy marketplace with advanced, efficient, and environmentally sound coal-based technologies. The design, construction, and operation of Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Projects (CCTDP) will generate data needed to make informed, confident decisions on the commercial readiness of these technologies. These data also will provide information needed to ensure a proactive response by DOE and its industrial partners to the establishment of new regulations or a reactive response to existing regulations promulgated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The objectives of this paper are to: (1) Present a preliminary examination of the potential implications of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) -- Title 3 Hazardous Air Pollutant requirements to the commercialization of CCTDP; and (2) help define options available to DOE and its industrial partners to respond to this newly enacted Legislation.

Moskowitz, P.D.; DePhillips, M.; Fthenakis, V.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Hemenway, A. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: Hazardous Air Pollutant Requirements and the DOE Clean Coal Technology Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the US Department of Energy -- Office of Fossil Energy (DOE FE) Clean Coal Technology Program (CCTP) is to provide the US energy marketplace with advanced, efficient, and environmentally sound coal-based technologies. The design, construction, and operation of Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Projects (CCTDP) will generate data needed to make informed, confident decisions on the commercial readiness of these technologies. These data also will provide information needed to ensure a proactive response by DOE and its industrial partners to the establishment of new regulations or a reactive response to existing regulations promulgated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The objectives of this paper are to: (1) Present a preliminary examination of the potential implications of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) -- Title 3 Hazardous Air Pollutant requirements to the commercialization of CCTDP; and (2) help define options available to DOE and its industrial partners to respond to this newly enacted Legislation.

Moskowitz, P.D.; DePhillips, M.; Fthenakis, V.M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Hemenway, A. (USDOE Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Washington, DC (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

66 USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-155. 1996. Quality Assurance, Training, and Certification in Ozone Air Pollution Studies Schilling, Miller, and Takemoto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Certification in Ozone Air Pollution Studies Schilling, Miller, and Takemoto Air Resources Board. 1990 air quality standards--1990 Update. Mailout No. 90­ 68. Mobile Source Division, On­Road­Control data: summary of 1990 air quality data-- gaseous and particulate pollutants. Annual summary. Technical

Standiford, Richard B.

466

Building a Common Understanding: Clean Air Act and Upcoming Carbon Pollution Guidelines for Existing Power Plants Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) presentation for state and tribal officials will provide an overview of Clean Air Act provisions for regulating carbon pollution from existing power...

467

Health impacts from urban air pollution in China : the burden to the economy and the benefits of policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

Matus, Kira J. (Kira Jen)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Air Pollution Impacts of Shifting San Pedro Bay Ports Freight from Truck to Rail in Southern California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in pollutants compared to the baseline (Port trucks only).Improvement Program. 2008. 4. The Port of Long Beach.Port of Long Beach Air Emissions Inventory 2005. 2007. 5.

You, Soyoung Iris; Lee, Gunwoo; Ritchie, Stephen G.; Saphores, Jean-Daniel; Sangkapichai, Mana; Ayala, Roberto

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Attempt to estimate measurement uncertainty in the Air Force Toxic Chemical Dispersion (AFTOX) model. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Air Force Toxic Chemical Dispersion (AFTOX) model is a Gaussian puff dispersion model that predicts plumes, concentrations, and hazard distances of toxic chemical spills. A measurement uncertainty propagation formula derived by Freeman et al. (1986) is used within AFTOX to estimate resulting concentration uncertainties due to the effects of data input uncertainties in wind speed, spill height, emission rate, and the horizontal and vertical Gaussian dispersion parameters, and the results are compared to true uncertainties as estimated by standard deviations computed by Monte Carlo simulations. The measurement uncertainty uncertainty propagation formula was found to overestimate measurement uncertainty in AFTOX-calculated concentrations by at least 350 percent, with overestimates worsening with increasing stability and/or increasing measurement uncertainty.

Zettlemoyer, M.D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

BEAULANT, Anne-Lise, PERRON, Gilles, KLEINPETER, Joseph, WEBER, Christiane, RANCHIN, Thierry, and WALD, Lucien. Adding virtual measuring stations to a network for urban air pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and WALD, Lucien. Adding virtual measuring stations to a network for urban air pollution mapping TO A NETWORK FOR URBAN AIR POLLUTION MAPPING A. L. Beaulant1* , G. Perron2 , J. Kleinpeter2 , C. Weber3 , T la Pollution atmosphérique en Alsace), 5 rue de Madrid, 67300 Schiltigheim, France 3 Laboratoire

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

471

Satellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega CitiesSatellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega Cities Sundar A. Christopher 1; J.Wang1; P. Gupta 1; M.A. Box2; and G.P. Box2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Satellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega CitiesSatellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution, consistent, and cost-effective way for monitoring air pollution. Using Terra/Aqua data, we demonstrate matter, or aerosols, reduce visibility, affect human health, and also cause several ecological effects

Wang, Jun

472

Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hazard analysis AQPM air quality program manager ARP accidental release prevention ATCM air toxic control Standard NESHAPs National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants NOx oxides of nitrogen NPOC nonAir Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner

Wechsler, Risa H.

473

Where the Sky Is the Right Color: Scale and Air Pollution in the Big Bend Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including choking pollution in Mexico City. According to oneof potential pollution sources in Mexico. Ultimately, thean invasion of pollution from a dirty Mexico reinforced the

Donez, Francisco Juan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

(Draft) Community air pollution and mortality: Analysis of 1980 data from US metropolitan areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1980 data from up to 149 metropolitan areas were used to define cross-sectional associations between community air pollution and ``excess`` human mortality. The regression model proposed by Ozkaynak and Thurston (1987), which accounted for age, race, education, poverty, and population density, was evaluated and several new models were developed. The new models also accounted for migration, drinking water hardness, and smoking, and included a more detailed description of race. Cause-of-death categories analyzed include all causes, all ``non-external`` causes, major cardiovascular diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Both annual mortality rates and their logarithms were analyzed. Air quality data were obtained from the EPA AIRS database (TSP, SO{sub 4}{sup =}, Mn, and ozone) and from the inhalable particulate network (PM{sub 15}, PM{sub 2.5} and SO{sub 4}{sup =}, for 63{sup 4} locations). The data on particulates were averaged across all monitoring stations available for each SMSA and the TSP data were restricted to the year 1980. The associations between mortality and air pollution were found to be dependent on the socioeconomic factors included in the models, the specific locations included in the data set, and the type of statistical model used. Statistically significant associations were found as follows: between TSP and mortality due to non-external causes with log-linear models, but not with a linear model betweenestimated 10-year average (1980--90) ozone levels and 1980 non-external and cardiovascular deaths; and between TSP and COPD mortality for both linear and log-linear models. When the sulfate contribution to TSP was subtracted, the relationship with COPD mortality was strengthened.

Lipfert, F.W.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

(Draft) Community air pollution and mortality: Analysis of 1980 data from US metropolitan areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1980 data from up to 149 metropolitan areas were used to define cross-sectional associations between community air pollution and excess'' human mortality. The regression model proposed by Ozkaynak and Thurston (1987), which accounted for age, race, education, poverty, and population density, was evaluated and several new models were developed. The new models also accounted for migration, drinking water hardness, and smoking, and included a more detailed description of race. Cause-of-death categories analyzed include all causes, all non-external'' causes, major cardiovascular diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Both annual mortality rates and their logarithms were analyzed. Air quality data were obtained from the EPA AIRS database (TSP, SO[sub 4][sup =], Mn, and ozone) and from the inhalable particulate network (PM[sub 15], PM[sub 2.5] and SO[sub 4][sup =], for 63[sup 4] locations). The data on particulates were averaged across all monitoring stations available for each SMSA and the TSP data were restricted to the year 1980. The associations between mortality and air pollution were found to be dependent on the socioeconomic factors included in the models, the specific locations included in the data set, and the type of statistical model used. Statistically significant associations were found as follows: between TSP and mortality due to non-external causes with log-linear models, but not with a linear model betweenestimated 10-year average (1980--90) ozone levels and 1980 non-external and cardiovascular deaths; and between TSP and COPD mortality for both linear and log-linear models. When the sulfate contribution to TSP was subtracted, the relationship with COPD mortality was strengthened.

Lipfert, F.W.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Assessing the air pollution carrying capacity of the northern Puget Sound region: an application of TAPAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technique discussed, the Topographic Air Pollution Analysis System (TAPAS), was developed to provide valid information on the dispersion capability of the lower atmosphere in areas characterized by complex terrain features. A study was undertaken to assess the air quality (SO/sub 2/) impacts associated with energy development in the region and to determine the constraints on energy development due to regulated limitations on the amount of air quality degradation allowable in the area. The emission constraint analysis for the northern Puget Sound region indicated that total SO/sub 2/ emissions in the core area (on an annual basis) are less than half of the amount that could be tolerated in the entire core region while maintaining ambient concentrations within state and federal annual average limitations. However, comparison of source characteristics with source location and grid cell emission restrictions indicated that localized areas adjacent to the major point sources are already far in excess of the SO/sub 2/ carrying capacity. This conclusion is supported by air quality monitoring data that indicate state standard violations at several receptor locations within the study area. The annual maps of wind patterns and PI-Matrix values show areas of both good and poor dispersion characteristics under the most prevalent flow conditions.

Wood, M.C.; Childs J.E.; Marlatt, W.E.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Anti-air pollution & energy conservation system for automobiles using leaded or unleaded gasoline, diesel or alternate fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine operating with leaded or unleaded gasoline or diesel or natural gas, are used for energizing a high-speed gas turbine. The convoluting gas discharge causes a first separation stage by stratifying of heavier and lighter exhaust gas components that exit from the turbine in opposite directions, the heavier components having a second stratifying separation in a vortex tube to separate combustible pollutants from non-combustible components. The non-combustible components exit a vortex tube open end to atmosphere. The lighter combustible, pollutants effected in the first separation are bubbled through a sodium hydroxide solution for dissolving the nitric oxide, formaldehyde impurities in this gas stream before being piped to the engine air intake for re-combustion, thereby reducing the engine's exhaust pollution and improving its fuel economy. The combustible, heavier pollutants from the second separation stage are piped to air filter assemblies. This gas stream convoluting at a high-speed through the top stator-vanes of the air filters, centrifugally separates the coalescent water, aldehydes, nitrogen dioxides, sulfates, sulfur, lead particles which collect at the bottom of the bowl, wherein it is periodically released to the roadway. Whereas, the heavier hydrocarbon, carbon particles are piped through the air filter's porous element to the engine air intake for re-combustion, further reducing the engine's exhaust pollution and improving its fuel economy.

Bose, Ranendra K. (14346 Jacob La., Centreville, VA 20120-3305)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

478

Evaluation of air pollution abatement systems for multiple-hearth sewage sludge incinerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Capital and annual costs were calculated for the application of six different air-pollution-control system options to municipal sewage-sludge incinerators that were using multiple-hearth furnaces. The systems involved three principal types of air-pollution equipment - wet scrubbers, fabric filters, and electrostatic precipitators - applied to three different plant sizes (plants incinerating 36, 72, and 300 tons of dry sludge per day in one, two, and eight multiple-hearth furnaces, respectively). The six options were: (1) venturi/tray scrubber with a 40-inch pressure drop, (2) fabric filter system operating at 500 deg and equipped with an upstream temperature control, (3) fabric filter system operating at 500 deg and equipped with a heat exchanger and a scrubber for SO/sub 2/ reduction, (4) electrostatic precipitator (ESP) with upstream limited temperature and humidity control, (5) same as Option 4 but with an additional downstream wet scrubber for SO/sub 2/ reduction, and (6) ESP with upstream temperature control and an SO/sub 2/ scrubber. Technical feasibility studies indicated that all three types of controls could achieve a total particulate removal efficiency of 99 percent. The venturi/tray scrubber option entailed the lowest capital cost, but annual operating costs were highest because of the high pressure drops and increased energy use.

Annamraju, G.; Gerstle, R.W.; Shah, Y.M.; Arora, M.L.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

TO THE 1979 CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION ON HEAVY METALS The Parties,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determined to implement the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, Concerned that emissions of certain heavy metals are transported across national boundaries and may cause damage to ecosystems of environmental and economic importance and may have harmful effects on human health, Considering that combustion and industrial processes are the predominant anthropogenic sources of emissions of heavy metals into the atmosphere, Acknowledging that heavy metals are natural constituents of the Earth's crust and that many heavy metals in certain forms and appropriate concentrations are essential to life, Taking into consideration existing scientific and technical data on the emissions, geochemical processes, atmospheric transport and effects on human health and the environment of heavy metals, as well as on abatement techniques and costs, Aware that techniques and management practices are available to reduce air pollution caused by the emissions of heavy metals, Recognizing that countries in the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) have different economic conditions, and that in certain countries the economies are in transition,

unknown authors

480

Daily diaries of respiratory symptoms and air pollution: Methodological issues and results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Daily diaries of respiratory symptoms are a powerful technique for detecting acute effects of air pollution exposure. While conceptually simple, these diary studies can be difficult to analyze. The daily symptom rates are highly correlated, even after adjustment for covariates, and this lack of independence must be considered in the analysis. Possible approaches include the use of incidence instead of prevalence rates and autoregressive models. Heterogeneity among subjects also induces dependencies in the data. These can be addressed by stratification and by two-stage models such as those developed by Korn and Whittemore. These approaches have been applied to two data sets: a cohort of school children participating in the Harvard Six Cities Study and a cohort of student nurses in Los Angeles. Both data sets provide evidence of autocorrelation and heterogeneity. Controlling for autocorrelation corrects the precision estimates, and because diary data are usually positively autocorrelated, this leads to larger variance estimates. Controlling for heterogeneity among subjects appears to increase the effect sizes for air pollution exposure. Preliminary results indicate associations between sulfur dioxide and cough incidence in children and between nitrogen dioxide and phlegm incidence in student nurses.

Schwartz, J. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)); Wypij, D.; Dockery D.; Ware, J.; Spengler, J.; Ferris, B. Jr. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (United States)); Zeger, S. (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "toxic air pollutants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Characterization of air toxics from a laboratory coal-fired combustor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emissions of hazardous air pollutants from coal combustion were studied in a laboratory-scale combustion facility, with emphasis on fine particles in three size ranges of less than 7.5 {mu}m diameter. Vapors were also measured. Substances under study included organic compounds, anions, elements, and radionuclides. Fly ash was generated by firing a bituminous coal in a combuster for 40 h at each of two coal feed rates. Flue gas was sampled under two conditions. Results for organic compounds, anions, and elements show a dependence on particle size consistent with published power plant data. Accumulation of material onto surface layers was inferred from differences in chemical composition between the plume simulating dilution sampler and hot flue samples. Extracts of organic particulate material were fractionated into different polarity fractions and analyzed by GC/MS. In Phase II, these laboratory results will be compared to emissions from a full-scale power plant burning the same coal.

NONE

1995-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

482

Sampling of power plant stacks for air toxic emissions: Topical report for Phases 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under contract with the US Department of Energy (DE-AC22-92PCO0367), Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, Radian Corporation has conducted a test program to collect and analyze size-fractionated stack gas particulate samples for selected inorganic hazardous air pollutants (HAPS). Specific goals of the program are (1) the collection of one-gram quantities of size-fractionated stack gas particulate matter for bulk (total) and surface chemical charactization, and (2) the determination of the relationship between particle size, bulk and surface (leachable) composition, and unit load. The information obtained from this program identifies the effects of unit load, particle size, and wet FGD system operation on the relative toxicological effects of exposure to particulate emissions.

NONE

1995-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

483

Removal of volatile organic compounds from polluted air in a reverse flow reactor: An experimental study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study of the reverse flow reactor for the purification of contaminated air has been carried out. An experimental reactor with an inner diameter of 0.145 m has been constructed. It almost completely reached the goal of an adiabatically operating system. The influence of several operating parameters such as gas velocity, cycle period, chemical character, and concentration of the pollutants and reactor pressure are discussed. The reactor could be operated autothermally provided that the inlet concentrations were sufficiently high. If a mixture of contaminants is fed to the reactor, it might be necessary to increase the total hydrocarbon concentration to assure an autothermal process. Increasing the reactor pressure will hardly change the axial temperature profiles, if the mass flux is kept constant. Increasing the mass flow rate will lead to a higher plateau temperature. Not only the reactor behavior at fixed operating conditions, but also the response of the reactor toward variations in inlet conditions is reported.

Beld, B. van de; Borman, R.A.; Derkx, O.R.; Woezik, B.A.A. van; Westerterp, K.R. (Univ. of Twente, Enschede (Netherlands). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Air pollution and morbidity: a further analysis of the Los Angeles student nurses data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hammer et al. analyzed daily diary reports of headache, eye irritation, cough, and chest discomfort in a study of Los Angeles student nurses, and found a statistically significant association between these symptoms and daily maximum one-hour oxidant concentrations at a nearby air quality monitor. Our analysis examines the student nurse data for the possible significance of other pollutants. We used new model specifications designed to account for the probabilistic nature of the outcome variables, and to allow for complications arising from the time series aspects of the data. We replicated the finding of a significant relationship between oxidants and coughing and eye irritation, and also found that; carbon monoxide was significantly related to headache symptoms; nitrogen dioxide was significantly related to eye irritation; and sulfur dioxide was significantly related to chest discomfort.

Schwartz, J.; Hasselblad, V.; Pitcher, H.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Analysis of air pollution and greenhouse gases. Initial studies, FY 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current objective of the project ``Analysis of Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases`` is to develop a study of emissions and emission sources that could easily be linked to models of economic activity. Initial studies were conducted to evaluate data currently available linking activity rates and emissions estimates. The emissions inventory developed for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) presents one of the most comprehensive data sets, and was chosen for our initial studies, which are described in this report. Over 99% of the SO{sub 2} emissions, 98% of the NO{sub x} emission and 57% of the VOC emissions from area sources are related to fuel combustion. The majority of emission from these sources are generated by the transportation sector. Activity rates for area sources are not archived with the NAPAP inventory; alternative derivations of these data will be part of the future activities of this project. The availability and completeness of the fuel heat content data in the NAPAP inventory were also studied. Approximately 10% of the SO{sub 2} emissions, 13% of the NO{sub x} emissions and 46% of the VOC emissions are generated by sources with unavailable data for fuel heat content. Initial estimates of pollutant emission rate per unit fuel heat content. Initial estimates of pollutant emission rate per unit fuel heat content were generated. Future studies for this project include the derivation of activity rates for area sources, improved explanations for the default fuel parameters defined in the NAPAP inventory and the development of links to data bases of economic activity.

Benkovitz, C.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neglecting health effects from indoor pollutant emissions and exposure, as currently done in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), may result in product or process optimizations at the expense of workers? or consumers? health. To close this gap, methods for considering indoor exposure to chemicals are needed to complement the methods for outdoor human exposure assessment already in use. This paper summarizes the work of an international expert group on the integration of human indoor and outdoor exposure in LCA, within the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. A new methodological framework is proposed for a general procedure to include human-health effects from indoor exposure in LCA. Exposure models from occupational hygiene and household indoor air quality studies and practices are critically reviewed and recommendations are provided on the appropriateness of various model alternatives in the context of LCA. A single-compartment box model is recommended for use as a default in LCA, enabling one to screen occupational and household exposures consistent with the existing models to assess outdoor emission in a multimedia environment. An initial set of model parameter values was collected. The comparison between indoor and outdoor human exposure per unit of emission shows that for many pollutants, intake per unit of indoor emission may be several orders of magnitude higher than for outdoor emissions. It is concluded that indoor exposure should be routinely addressed within LCA.

Hellweg, Stefanie; Demou, Evangelia; Bruzzi, Raffaella; Meijer, Arjen; Rosenbaum, Ralph K.; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; McKone, Thomas E.

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

487

Passive smoking, air pollution, and acute respiratory symptoms in a diary study of student nurses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cohort of approximately 100 student nurses in Los Angeles was recruited for a diary study of the acute effects of air pollution. Smoking histories and presence of asthma and other allergies were determined by questionnaire. Diaries were completed daily and collected weekly for as long as 3 yr. Air pollution was measured at a monitoring location within 2.5 miles of the school. Incidence and duration of a symptom were modeled separately. Pack-years of cigarettes were predictive of the number of episodes of coughing (p less than 0.0001) and of bringing up phlegm (p less than 0.0001). Current smoking, rather than cumulative smoking, was a better predictor of the duration of a phlegm episode (p less than 0.0001). Controlling for personal smoking, a smoking roommate increased the risk of an episode of phlegm (odds ratio (OR) = 1.41, p less than 0.001), but not of cough. Excluding asthmatics (who may be medicated), increased the odds ratio for passive smoking to 1.76 (p less than 0.0001). In logistic regression models controlling for temperature and serial correlation between days, an increase of 1 SD in carbon monoxide exposure (6.5 ppm) was associated with increased risk of headache (OR = 1.09, p less than 0.001), photochemical oxidants (7.4 pphm) were associated with increased risk of chest discomfort (OR = 1.17, p less than 0.001) and eye irritation (OR = 1.20 p less than 0.001), and nitrogen dioxide (9.1 pphm) was associated with increased risk of phlegm (OR = 1.08 p less than 0.01), sore throats (OR = 1.26, p less than 0.001), and eye irritation (OR = 1.16, p less than 0.001).

Schwartz, J.; Zeger, S. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Acute changes in pulse pressure in relation to constituents of particulate air pollution in elderly persons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An increased pulse pressure (difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure) suggests aortic stiffening. The objective of this study was to examine the acute effects of both particulate matter (PM) mass and composition on blood pressure, among elderly persons. We carried out a panel study in persons living in elderly homes in Antwerp, Belgium. We recruited 88 non-smoking persons, 70% women with a mean age of 83 years (standard deviation: 5.2). Blood pressure was measured and a blood sample was collected on two time points, which were chosen so that there was an exposure contrast in ambient PM exposure. The elemental content of the collected indoor and outdoor PM{sub 2.5} (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 {mu}m) mass concentration was measured. Oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (oxy-PAHs) on outdoor PM{sub 10} (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <10 {mu}m) were measured. Each interquartile range increase of 20.8 {mu}g/m Superscript-Three in 24-h mean outdoor PM{sub 2.5} was associated with an increase in pulse pressure of 4.0 mmHg (95% confidence interval: 1.8-6.2), in persons taking antihypertensive medication (n=57), but not in persons not using antihypertensive medication (n=31) (p for interaction: 0.02). Vanadium, iron and nickel contents of PM{sub 2.5} were significantly associated with systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure, among persons on antihypertensive medication. Similar results were found for indoor concentrations. Of the oxy-PAHs, chrysene-5,6-dione and benzo[a]pyrene-3,6-dione were significantly associated with increases in systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure. In elderly, pulse pressure was positively associated with acute increases in outdoor and indoor air pollution, among persons taking antihypertensive medication. These results might form a mechanistic pathway linking air pollution as a trigger of cardiovascular events.

Jacobs, Lotte [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)] [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Buczynska, Anna [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium)] [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium); Walgraeve, Christophe [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium)] [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium); Delcloo, Andy [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium)] [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium); Potgieter-Vermaak, Sanja [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium) [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium); Molecular Science Institute, School of Chemistry, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa); Division of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester (United Kingdom); Van Grieken, Rene [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium)] [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium); Demeestere, Kristof; Dewulf, Jo; Van Langenhove, Herman [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium)] [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium); De Backer, Hugo [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium)] [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium); Nemery, Benoit, E-mail: ben.nemery@med.kuleuven.be [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)] [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Nawrot, Tim S. [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium) [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Centre for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek (Belgium)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Comparative evaluation of the impacts of domestic gas and electric heat pump heating on air pollution in California. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residential space and water heating accounts for approximately 12% of California`s and 15% of the United States, energy consumption. most Of the residential heating is by direct use of natural gas. combustion of natural gas is a contributor to the overall air pollution,, especially CO and NO{sub x} in the urban areas. Another efficient method for domestic water and space heating is use of electric heat pumps, the most popular category of which uses air as its heat source. Electric heat pumps do not emit air pollutants at the point of use, but use electric power, which is a major contributor to air pollution at its point of generation from fossil fuels. It is the specific objective of this report to evaluate and compare the energy efficiency and source air pollutants of natural gas heaters and electric heat pumps used for domestic heating. Effect of replacing natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps on air pollutant emissions due to domestic heating in two urban areas and in California as a whole has also been evaluated. The analysis shows that with the present state of technology, electric heat pumps have higher heating efficiencies than natural gas heaters. Considering the current electricity generation mix in the US, electric heat pumps produce two to four times more NO{sub x}, much less CO, and comparable amount of CO{sub 2} per unit of useful heating energy compared to natural gas heaters. With California mix, electric heat pumps produce comparable NO{sub x} and much less CO and approximately 30% less CO{sub 2} per unit heat output. Replacement of natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps will slightly increase the overall NO{sub x}, and reduce CO and CO{sub 2} emissions in California. The effect of advanced technology power generation and heat pump heating has also been analyzed.

Ganji, A. [San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States). Div. of Engineering

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Comparative evaluation of the impacts of domestic gas and electric heat pump heating on air pollution in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residential space and water heating accounts for approximately 12% of California's and 15% of the United States, energy consumption. most Of the residential heating is by direct use of natural gas. combustion of natural gas is a contributor to the overall air pollution,, especially CO and NO{sub x} in the urban areas. Another efficient method for domestic water and space heating is use of electric heat pumps, the most popular category of which uses air as its heat source. Electric heat pumps do not emit air pollutants at the point of use, but use electric power, which is a major contributor to air pollution at its point of generation from fossil fuels. It is the specific objective of this report to evaluate and compare the energy efficiency and source air pollutants of natural gas heaters and electric heat pumps used for domestic heating. Effect of replacing natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps on air pollutant emissions due to domestic heating in two urban areas and in California as a whole has also been evaluated. The analysis shows that with the present state of technology, electric heat pumps have higher heating efficiencies than natural gas heaters. Considering the current electricity generation mix in the US, electric heat pumps produce two to four times more NO{sub x}, much less CO, and comparable amount of CO{sub 2} per unit of useful heating energy compared to natural gas heaters. With California mix, electric heat pumps produce comparable NO{sub x} and much less CO and approximately 30% less CO{sub 2} per unit heat output. Replacement of natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps will slightly increase the overall NO{sub x}, and reduce CO and CO{sub 2} emissions in California. The effect of advanced technology power generation and heat pump heating has also been analyzed.

Ganji, A. (San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States). Div. of Engineering)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA) Symposium and Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment (KOSAE) Symposium, 12th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA, REMOTE SENSING AND POLLUTANTS DISTRIBUTION: AN APPLICATION TO THE CITY OF STRASBOURG, FRANCE. C. WEBER1 of Earth Observation data for the knowledge of the atmospheric pollutants concentration fields over

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

492

VINYL CHLORIDE ACUTE TOXICITY THRESHOLDS IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTROLLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The "irreversible effects threshold" is the maximum concentration of pollutant in the air for a given exposure timeVINYL CHLORIDE ACUTE TOXICITY THRESHOLDS IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTROLLING URBAN DEVELOPMENT OR LAND of vinyl Chloride , the french procedure to set acute toxicity thresholds in the context of controlling

Boyer, Edmond

493

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel, or about 46,200 BTUs of diesel fuel per mile. 4.1.8BTU/bbl 3575 g/gal Diesel fuel 106 BTU/gal 106 BTU/bbl 3192gasoline or diesel vehicles (g/106-BTU) E NMOG = emissions

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994). D. E. Gushee, Alternative Fuels for Automobiles: AreElectric/Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Challenge, Florence,Replacing Gasoline: Alternative Fuels for Light-Duty

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0383(Supplement to the Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0554(Supplement to the Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0554(

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Using daily satellite observations to estimate emissions of short-lived air pollutants on a mesoscopic scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2012; published 5 September 2012. [1] Emission inventories of air pollutants are crucial observations for emission estimates has important advantages over bottom-up emission inventories. Res., 117, D17302, doi:10.1029/2012JD017817. 1. Introduction [2] Emission inventories are usually

Haak, Hein

497

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions, Calendar Year 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS, formerly the Nevada Test Site) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR, 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as those from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. Because this report is intended to discuss radioactive air emissions during calendar year 2010, data on radionuclides in air from the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant releases are not presented but will be included in the report for calendar year 2011. The NNSS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE, 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001(EPA, 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR, 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2010, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 17 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 20 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000032 mrem/yr, more than 300,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

NSTec Ecological and Environmental Monitoring

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

498

Nevada Test Site National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS from radionuclides emitted to air from the NTS. This limit does not include the radiation doses that members of the public may receive through the intake of radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities, such as those that come from naturally occurring elements in the environment (e.g., naturally occurring radionuclides in soil or radon gas from the earth or natural building materials), or from other man-made sources (e.g., medical treatments). The NTS demonstrates compliance using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for use on the NTS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. There are six critical receptor locations on the NTS that are actually pseudocritical receptor locations because they are hypothetical receptor locations; no person actually resides at these onsite locations. Annual average concentrations of detected radionuclides are compared with Concentration Levels (CL) for Environmental Compliance values listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2. Compliance is demonstrated if the sum of fractions (CL/measured concentrations) of all detected radionuclides at each pseudo-critical receptor location is less than one. In 2007, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the NTS has demonstrated that the potential dose to the public from radiological emissions to air from current and past NTS activities is well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected onsite at each of the six pseudo-critical receptor stations on the NTS had average concentrations of nuclear test-related radioactivity that were a fraction of the limits listed in Table 2 in Appendix E of 40 CFR 61. They ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 20 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, concentrations at this location would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NTS.

Robert Grossman; Ronald Warren

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Air pollution and childhood respiratory health: Exposure to sulfate and ozone in 10 Canadian Rural Communities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was designed to examine differences in the respiratory health status of preadolescent school children, aged 7-11 years, who resided in 10 rural Canadian communities in areas of moderate and low exposure to regional sulfate and ozone pollution. Five of the communities were located in central Saskatchewan, a low-exposure region, and five were located in southwestern Ontario, an area with moderately elevated exposures resulting from long-range atmospheric transport of polluted air masses. In this cross-sectional study, the child's respiratory symptoms and illness history were evaluated using a parent-completed questionnaire, administered in September 1985. Respiratory function was assessed once for each child in the schools between October 1985 and March 1986, by the measurement of pulmonary function for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV[sub 1.0]), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), mean forced expiratory flow rate during the middle half of the FVC curve (FEF[sub 25-75]), and maximal expiratory flow at 50% of the expired vital capacity (V[sub 50]max). After controlling for the effects of age, sex, parental smoking, parental education and gas cooking, no significant regional differences were observed in rates of chronic cough or phlegm, persistent wheeze, current asthma, bronchitis in the past year, or any chest illness that kept the child at home for 3 or more consecutive days during the previous year. Children living in southwestern Ontario had statistically significant (P < 0.01) mean decrements of 1.7% in FVC and 1.3% in FEV[sub 1.0] compared with Saskatchewan children, after adjusting for age, sex, weight, standing height, parental smoking, and gas cooking. There were no statistically significant regional differences in the pulmonary flow parameters (P > 0.05). 54 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

Stern, B.R.; Raizenne, M.E.; Burnett, R.T.; Jones, L.; Kearney, J.; Franklin, C.A. (Environmental Health Directorate, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Sampling of power plant stacks for air toxic emissions: Final report for Phases 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A test program to collect and analyze size-fractionated stack gas particulate samples for selected inorganic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) was conducted . Specific goals of the program are (1) the collection of one-gram quantities of size-fractionated stack gas particulate matter for bulk (total) and surface chemical characterization, and (2) the determination of the relationship between particle size, bulk and surface (leachable) composition, and unit load. The information obtained from this program identifies the effects of unit load, particle size, and wet FGD system operation on the relative toxicological effects of exposure to particulate emissions. Field testing was conducted in two phases. The Phase I field program was performed over the period of August 24 through September 20, 1992, at the Tennessee Valley Authority Widows Creek Unit 8 Power Station, located near Stevenson (Jackson County), Alabama, on the Tennessee River. Sampling activities for Phase II were conducted from September 11 through October 14, 1993. Widows Creek Unit 8 is a 575-megawatt plant that uses bituminous coal averaging 3.7% sulfur and 13% ash. Downstream of the boiler, a venture wet scrubbing system is used for control of both sulfur dioxide and particulate emissions. There is no electrostatic precipitator (ESP) in this system. This system is atypical and represents only about 5% of the US utility industry. However, this site was chosen for this study because of the lack of information available for this particulate emission control system.

NONE

1995-04-28T23:59:59.000Z