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Sample records for town nantucket tidal

  1. MHK Projects/Edgar Town Nantucket Tidal Energy | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town Nantucket Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":...

  2. MHK Projects/Nantucket Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nantucket Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type"...

  3. MHK Projects/Town of Wiscasset Tidal Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town of Wiscasset Tidal Resources < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","...

  4. Nantucket School | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    In Service Owner Nantucket School Energy Purchaser Nantucket School Location Nantucket MA Coordinates 41.27214604, -70.09777308 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  5. EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts June 25, 2014 EIS-0470: Cape ...

  6. EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Massachusetts | Department of Energy 0: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts June 25, 2014 EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Final General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project, Final General Conformity Determination, June 23, 2014 December 21, 2012 EIS-0470: Final Environmental Impact Statement Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, MA December 31, 2012 EIS-0470:

  7. Environmental Effects of Sediment Transport Alteration and Impacts on Protected Species: Edgartown Tidal Energy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrett, Stephen B.; Schlezinger, David, Ph.D; Cowles, Geoff, Ph.D; Hughes, Patricia; Samimy; Roland, I.; and Terray, E, Ph.D.

    2012-12-29

    The Islands of Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket are separated from the Massachusetts mainland by Vineyard and Nantucket Sounds; water between the two islands flows through Muskeget Channel. The towns of Edgartown (on Martha’s Vineyard) and Nantucket recognize that they are vulnerable to power supply interruptions due to their position at the end of the power grid, and due to sea level rise and other consequences of climate change. The tidal energy flowing through Muskeget Channel has been identified by the Electric Power Research Institute as the strongest tidal resource in Massachusetts waters. The Town of Edgartown proposes to develop an initial 5 MW (nameplate) tidal energy project in Muskeget Channel. The project will consist of 14 tidal turbines with 13 providing electricity to Edgartown and one operated by the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth for research and development. Each turbine will be 90 feet long and 50 feet high. The electricity will be brought to shore by a submarine cable buried 8 feet below the seabed surface which will landfall in Edgartown either on Chappaquiddack or at Katama. Muskeget Channel is located between Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket. Its depth ranges between 40 and 160 feet in the deepest portion. It has strong currents where water is transferred between Nantucket Sound and the Atlantic Ocean continental shelf to the south. This makes it a treacherous passage for navigation. Current users of the channel are commercial and recreational fishing, and cruising boats. The US Coast Guard has indicated that the largest vessel passing through the channel is a commercial scallop dragger with a draft of about 10 feet. The tidal resource in the channel has been measured by the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth and the peak velocity flow is approximately 5 knots. The technology proposed is the helical Gorlov-type turbine positioned with a horizontal axis that is positively buoyant in the water column and held down by anchors. This is the same technology proposed by Ocean Renewable Power Company in the Western Passage and Cobscook Bay near Eastport Maine. The blades rotate in two directions capturing the tides energy both during flood and ebb tides. The turbines will be anchored to the bottom and suspended in the water column. Initial depth of the turbines is expected to be about 25 feet below the surface to avoid impacting navigation while also capturing the strongest currents. The Town of Edgartown was initially granted a Preliminary Permit by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) on March 1, 2008, and has recently received a second permit valid through August 2014. The Preliminary Permit gives Edgartown the exclusive right to apply for a power generation license for power generated from the hydrokinetic energy in the water flowing in this area. Edgartown filed a Draft Pilot License Application with FERC on February 1, 2010 and an Expanded Environmental Notification Form with the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) Office at the same time. It expects to file a Final License Application in late 2013. Harris Miller Miller & Hanson (HMMH) of Burlington Massachusetts is acting as the Project Manager for the Town of Edgartown and collaborating with other partners of the project including the University of Massachusetts - Dartmouth's Marine Renewable Energy Center and the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center. HMMH was awarded a grant under the Department of Energy's Advanced Water Program to conduct marine science and hydrokinetic site-specific environmental studies for projects actively seeking a FERC License. HMMH, on behalf of the Town, is managing this comprehensive study of the marine environment in Muskeget Channel and potential impacts of the tidal project on indicator species and habitats. The University of Massachusetts School of Marine Science and Technology (SMAST) conducted oceanographic studies of tidal currents, tide level, benthic habitat, and potential for biofouling and foundation scouring. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, cooperating with SMAST, developed an oceanographic model to predict changes in sediment transport as a result of the proposed tidal energy project. Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies prepared background material on protected species - including whales, seals, and sea turtles - in the project area and implemented an initial tagging program to record location specific information on seals and sea turtles. HMMH communicated research plans and findings with local stakeholder groups, state and federal resource agency staff, and the ocean power industry. The information is being used to prepare environmental permit applications and obtain approvals for project construction.

  8. FIA-13-0018 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy 8 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound FIA-13-0018 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound On April 4, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision remanding in part an Appeal from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Loan Programs Office (LPO). The Appellant appealed the LPO's decision to withhold information in the released documents pursuant to Exemptions 2, 4, 5 and 6, claiming that the

  9. town | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    town Home OpenEI Community Central Description: The central OpenEI community for students, scientists, researchers, enthusiasts, analysts and developers. central OpenEI town...

  10. Tidal Electric | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Electric Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: SW19 8UY Product: Developed a technology named 'tidal lagoons' to build tidal electric projects. Coordinates:...

  11. Town of Chapel Hill- Energy Conservation Requirements for Town Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Town of Chapel Hill’s energy-conservation ordinance requires all new or expanded buildings constructed by and for the town to achieve a Silver level certification in the U.S. Green Building...

  12. Clarence Strait Tidal Energy Project, Tenax Energy Tropical Tidal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clarence Strait Tidal Energy Project, Tenax Energy Tropical Tidal Test Centre, Jump to: navigation, search 1 Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleClarenceStrai...

  13. Kolin Town Council | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kolin Town Council Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kolin Town Council Place: Kolin 1, Czech Republic Zip: 280 12 Product: Kolin Town Council may develop a large PV plant in its...

  14. University of Cape Town | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: University of Cape Town Place: South Africa Product: Teaching and research university. References: University of Cape Town1 This article is a...

  15. Town of Richland | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town of Richland Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Sustainable Energy Development Energy Purchaser Town of Richland Location...

  16. Yusuhara Town Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Yusuhara Town Office Place: Takaoka-gun, Kochi, Japan Product: Town Office of Yusuhara, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Coordinates: 33.365601,...

  17. Town of Barnstable | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Service Owner Town of Barnstable Energy Purchaser Town of Barnstable Location Barnstable MA Coordinates 41.66402376, -70.30557185 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  18. Science and Energy Town Hall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Watch a live broadcast of the Science & Energy Town Hall on Wednesday, January 20, 2016 from 2:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. EST.

  19. Sec. Chu Online Town Hall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Steven Chu hosted an online town hall to discuss the clean energy and innovation agenda President Obama laid out in his 2011 State of the Union address. (January 26, 2011)

  20. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Town...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing ...

  1. Town Hall meeting | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017) Super contributor 16 November, 2012 - 11:23 LEDS the focus of Monday's 10 a.m. Town Hall Meeting LEDS Town Hall meeting What: OpenEI's...

  2. Tidal | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Submitted by Ocop(5) Member 15 July, 2014 - 07:07 MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Cost Current DOE LCOE numerical modeling Performance Tidal Wave To normalize competing...

  3. Tidal Energy Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stelzenmuller, Nickolas; Aliseda, Alberto; Palodichuk, Michael; Polagye, Brian; Thomson, James; Chime, Arshiya; Malte, Philip

    2014-03-31

    This technical report contains results on the following topics: 1) Testing and analysis of sub-scale hydro-kinetic turbines in a flume, including the design and fabrication of the instrumented turbines. 2) Field measurements and analysis of the tidal energy resource and at a site in northern Puget Sound, that is being examined for turbine installation. 3) Conceptual design and performance analysis of hydro-kinetic turbines operating at high blockage ratio, for use for power generation and flow control in open channel flows.

  4. TidalStream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TidalStream Jump to: navigation, search Name: TidalStream Place: Southam, United Kingdom Zip: CV47 0HF Product: UK-based developer of platforms for tidal turbines. Coordinates:...

  5. EIS-0470: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy Project on the Outer Continental Shelf off Massachusetts, Nantucket Sound

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Loan Programs Office is proposing to offer a loan guarantee to Cape Wind Associates, LLC for the construction and start-up of the Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, offshore of Massachusetts. The proposed Cape Wind Energy Project would consist of up to 130, 3.6-MW turbine generators, in an area of roughly 25-square miles, and would include 12.5 miles of 115-kilovolt submarine transmission cable and an electric service platform. To inform DOE's decision regarding a loan guarantee, DOE adopted the Department of the Interior’s 2009 Final Cape Wind Energy Project EIS, in combination with two Cape Wind Environmental Assessments dated May 2010 and April 2011 (per 40 CFR 1506.4), as a DOE Final EIS (DOE/EIS-0470). The adequacy of the Department of the Interior final EIS adopted by DOE is the subject of a judicial action. This project is inactive.

  6. Tidal & Current Modeling Development and Validation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... By ensuring the accuracy of existing modeling tools, we enable industry to improve design and siting practices for river, tidal and ocean current turbines. Model of Tidal Turbine ...

  7. Tidal Energy Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tidal Energy Limited (TEL) Place: Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom Zip: CF23 8RS Product: Tidal stream device developer. Coordinates:...

  8. Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd Address: De Weel 20 Place: Zijdewind Zip: 1736KB Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and...

  9. Town Hall with Secretary Moniz

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz; Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman

    2013-07-25

    In a town hall meeting with Department staff, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz spoke about his plans for a reorganization of the Energy Department?s management structure. The plans will help better achieve the Department?s key priorities and those of the President, including implementing the President?s Climate Action Plan, ?all of the above? energy strategy and nuclear security agenda. After his remarks, Moniz, joined by Deputy Secretary Dan Poneman, took questions from the audience in the Forrestal Auditorium as well as email questions from other Department locations.

  10. Charles Townes, the Maser, and the Laser

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Charles H. Townes Research Interests, physics@berkeley Top Awards and Honors: 1982 National Medal of Science 2006 Vannevar Bush Award 2010 Gold Medal of SPIE (international society ...

  11. Town of Edgartown | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Edgartown Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Edgartown Address: 70 Main St PO Box 5158 Place: Edgartown Zip: 2539 Region: United States Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone...

  12. Ecological safety of tidal-power projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedorov, M. P.; Shilin, M. B.

    2010-07-15

    The operating regime of tidal power plants requires ecological monitoring of their associated water area.

  13. Tidal Stream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Stream Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tidal Stream Address: 76 Dukes Ave Place: London Zip: W4 2 AK Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: 01926...

  14. Town of Tecopa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tecopa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Town of Tecopa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Town of Tecopa Sector...

  15. How Would You Rebuild a Town - Green? | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rebuild a Town - Green? Jump to: navigation, search Name How Would You Rebuild a Town - Green? AgencyCompany Organization U.S. Department of Energy Partner Greensburg...

  16. Maine biofuels project saves livelihood of town | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    town Maine biofuels project saves livelihood of town January 7, 2010 - 2:21pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and...

  17. Towns County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Number 4 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Towns County, Georgia Hiawassee, Georgia Young Harris, Georgia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTownsCounty,G...

  18. Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wind turbines will be used to supply electricity for the town hall, maintenance building, library and help power the town's water system.

  19. EECBG Success Story: Alaska Town Invests in Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Alaska Town Invests in Energy Efficiency EECBG Success Story: Alaska Town Invests in ... courtesy of the City of Muscatine EECBG Success Story: Lighting Retrofit Improving ...

  20. Microsoft Word - RM1_Tidal Turbine_UW Tidal Resource-Abstract...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    turbine operating in a narrow, tidal channel. The site is a generalized version of Tacoma Narrows, Puget Sound, Washington. The resource is a mixed, mainly semidiurnal tidal...

  1. MHK Technologies/Deep Gen Tidal Turbines | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gen Tidal Turbines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Deep Gen Tidal Turbines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal...

  2. Category:Earth Tidal Analysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Earth Tidal Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Earth Tidal Analysis page? For detailed information on Earth Tidal Analysis, click here....

  3. Tidal Generation Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generation Ltd EMEC This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Deep Gen Tidal Turbines This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Tidal...

  4. UNIVERSITY PARK SCHOOLS SMALL TOWNS ON UPGRADES | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    UNIVERSITY PARK SCHOOLS SMALL TOWNS ON UPGRADES UNIVERSITY PARK SCHOOLS SMALL TOWNS ON UPGRADES UNIVERSITY PARK SCHOOLS SMALL TOWNS ON UPGRADES University Park, Maryland, a town of only 2,500 residents, sought to address the energy efficiency needs of its homeowners. To create a model for other resource-constrained small communities throughout the United States, and to improve the efficiency of 20% of its residents' homes, University Park piloted the Small Town Energy Program (STEP) with $1.4

  5. Maine Tidal Power Initiative: Environmental Impact Protocols For Tidal Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Michael Leroy; Zydlewski, Gayle Barbin; Xue, Huijie; Johnson, Teresa R.

    2014-02-02

    The Maine Tidal Power Initiative (MTPI), an interdisciplinary group of engineers, biologists, oceanographers, and social scientists, has been conducting research to evaluate tidal energy resources and better understand the potential effects and impacts of marine hydro-kinetic (MHK) development on the environment and local community. Project efforts include: 1) resource assessment, 2) development of initial device design parameters using scale model tests, 3) baseline environmental studies and monitoring, and 4) human and community responses. This work included in-situ measurement of the environmental and social response to the pre-commercial Turbine Generator Unit (TGU®) developed by Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) as well as considering the path forward for smaller community scale projects.

  6. Town of Pagosa Springs geothermal heating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, M.B.

    1997-08-01

    The Town of Pagosa Springs has owned and operated a geothermal heating system since December 1982 to provide geothermal heating during the fall, winter and spring to customers in this small mountain town. Pagosa Springs is located in Archuleta County, Colorado in the southwestern corner of the State. The Town, nestled in majestic mountains, including the Continental Divide to the north and east, has an elevation of 7,150 feet. The use of geothermal water in the immediate area, however, dates back to the 1800`s, with the use of Ute Bands and the Navajo Nation and later by the U.S. Calvery in the 1880`s (Lieutenant McCauley, 1878). The Pagosa area geothermal water has been reported to have healing and therapeutic qualities.

  7. ARRAY OPTIMIZATION FOR TIDAL ENERGY EXTRACTION IN A TIDAL CHANNEL A NUMERICAL MODELING ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea

    2014-04-18

    This paper presents an application of a hydrodynamic model to simulate tidal energy extraction in a tidal dominated estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast. A series of numerical experiments were carried out to simulate tidal energy extraction with different turbine array configurations, including location, spacing and array size. Preliminary model results suggest that array optimization for tidal energy extraction in a real-world site is a very complex process that requires consideration of multiple factors. Numerical models can be used effectively to assist turbine siting and array arrangement in a tidal turbine farm for tidal energy extraction.

  8. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Town Homes at

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO | Department of Energy Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning multifamily project with 26 units in the cold climate that got a HERS 54 without PV, or HERS 28 with PV, with 2x6 24" on center walls with R-23 blown fiberglass; slab foundation with R-10 rigid at slab edge; plus R-10 rigid exterior;

  9. Energy Detectives Help Pennsylvania Town Reduce Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Judith Mondre spent the past two months learning the ins and outs of Upper Darby Township, Pa.'s energy usage. She's analyzed energy bills, observed town facilities and interviewed staff to put together a plan to help the municipality reduce its total energy usage.

  10. Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money July 19, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis An aerial shot of Oro Valley, Ariz.'s town hall campus shows proposed solar locations. | Photo courtesy of...

  11. Town of Crane, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town of Crane, Indiana (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Crane Town of Place: Indiana References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form...

  12. Tidal Energy Resource Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tidal Energy Resource Assessment Tidal Energy Resource Assessment Tidal Energy Resource Assessment Office presentation icon 51_tidalresource_gtrc_haas.ppt More Documents & Publications Ocean current resource assessment Free Flow Energy (TRL 1 2 3 Component) - Design and Development of a Cross-Platform Submersible Generator Optimized for the Conditions of Current Energy Conversion Effects on the Physical Environment (Hydrodynamics, and Water Quality Food Web

  13. European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC) series are international, technical and scientific conferences, focussed on ocean renewable energy and widely respected for their commitment to...

  14. Tidal Energy Test Platform | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Test Platform Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Tidal Energy Test Platform Overseeing Organization University of New Hampshire Hydrodynamics...

  15. Tidal Sails AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sails AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tidal Sails AS Address: Standgaten 130 Place: Haugesund Zip: 5531 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +32 474 98...

  16. Tidal Hydraulic Generators Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydraulic Generators Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tidal Hydraulic Generators Ltd Address: 14 Thislesboon Drive Place: Mumbles Zip: SA3 4HY Region: United Kingdom Sector:...

  17. Pennamaquan Tidal Power LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pennamaquan Tidal Power LLC Address: 45 Memorial Circle PO Box 1058 Place: Augusta Zip: 4332 Region: United States Sector: Marine and...

  18. Earth Tidal Analysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) Raft River Geothermal Area 1980 1980 Reservoir response to...

  19. Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polagye, Brian

    2011-11-01

    This presentation from the Water Peer Review highlights one of the program's marine and hyrokinetics environmental projects to determine the likely acoustic effects from a tidal energy device.

  20. Tidal Energy Basics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy » Ocean » Tidal Energy Basics Tidal Energy Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Photo of the ocean rising along the beach. Some of the oldest ocean energy technologies use tidal power. All coastal areas experience two high tides and two low tides over a period of slightly more than 24 hours. For those tidal differences to be harnessed into electricity, the difference between high and low tides must be more than 16 feet (or at least 5 meters). However, there are only about

  1. Diversity and Inclusion Town Hall Program Book | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Town Hall Program Book Diversity and Inclusion Town Hall Program Book As part of a larger effort to create a culture that values diversity, we have been conducting focus groups to engage in a dialog and hear feedback on how diversity can be improved. At the Town Hall, DOE employees will hear the results of these discussions. View the program booklet from the Diversity and Inclusion Town Hall below. For more information about the Department's diversity and inclusion programs, visit

  2. MHK Projects/Tidal Generation Ltd EMEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Overseeing Organization Tidal Generation Ltd Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesDeep Gen Tidal Turbines Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See...

  3. The Wash Tidal Barrier Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Wash Tidal Barrier Corporation Place: Cambridge, England, United Kingdom Zip: CB24 8RX Product: Company building a tidal barrier...

  4. MHK Technologies/Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine SRTT | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Turbine SRTT < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine SRTT.jpg Technology Profile Primary...

  5. MHK Technologies/Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization...

  6. Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tidal Streams in the United States Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States The project documented in this report created a national ...

  7. Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Energy Technology AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS Address: PO Box 399 Place: Harstad Zip: 9484 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and...

  8. Verdant-Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Verdant-Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleVerdant-RooseveltIslandTidalEnergy&oldid680702" ...

  9. MHK Technologies/Sihwa tidal barrage power plant | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sihwa tidal barrage power plant < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Sihwa tidal barrage power plant.jpg Technology Profile...

  10. MHK Technologies/Tidal Delay | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Delay < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Delay.png Technology Profile Primary Organization Woodshed Technologies Ltd...

  11. Severn Tidal Power Group STpg | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Severn Tidal Power Group STpg Jump to: navigation, search Name: Severn Tidal Power Group STpg Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is...

  12. MHK Technologies/Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant.jpg...

  13. MHK Technologies/Jiangxia Tidal Power Station | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jiangxia Tidal Power Station < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Jiangxia Tidal Power Station.jpg Technology Profile Primary...

  14. Webcast: National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Webcast: National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall Webcast: National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall Webcast: National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall On August 5, 2014, the Department of Energy (DOE) hosted a dynamic virtual conversation of ongoing efforts from across the country in utilizing the Energy Literacy Framework to address one of our nations' biggest national challenges, "Energy Illiteracy." The goal of this webinar was to share resources in energy education and provide

  15. Town of Danvers Comment on Information Collection Extension | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Town of Danvers Comment on Information Collection Extension Town of Danvers Comment on Information Collection Extension The Town of Danvers provided comments to the Department of Energy's notice of intent to seek approval of an extension of Information Collection 1910-5149 for Recovery Act Smart Grid Investment Grant reporting for four years, which was published in the Federal Register August 10, 2011, Vol. 76, No. 154, page 49460. Danvers finds the current collection period

  16. Town Hall with Secretary Moniz | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Town Hall with Secretary Moniz Town Hall with Secretary Moniz July 18, 2013 - 3:42pm Addthis Secretary Moniz speaks at a townhall with DOE employees on the Departmental reorganization. Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs In a town hall meeting with Department staff, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz spoke about his plans for a reorganization of the Energy Department's management structure. The plans will help better achieve the Department's key priorities and those

  17. OSDBU Federal Contracting Town Hall Meeting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    OSDBU Federal Contracting Town Hall Meeting OSDBU Federal Contracting Town Hall Meeting John Hale III pictured 4th from the left. Susan Au Allen pictured in the center. John Hale III pictured 4th from the left. Susan Au Allen pictured in the center. In June of 2015, John Hale III, Director of the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, served as the moderator for the Federal Contracting Town Hall Meeting during the CelebrAsian procurement conference; the largest procurement

  18. 12th Annual Wave & Tidal 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The UK is currently the undisputed global leader in marine energy, with more wave and tidal stream devices installed than the rest of the world combined. This leading position is built on an...

  19. Microsoft Word - RM1_Tidal Turbine_UW Tidal Resource-Abstract...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Model 1 - Tidal Energy: Resource Dr. Brian Polagye Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center University of Washington, Seattle, WA Introduction Reference Model...

  20. Ohio Town Installing ‘Green’ Traffic Signals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Elyria makes the move to efficient lighting. The town has decided to start replacing traffic lights with energy-efficient LEDs.

  1. Town of Estes Park, Colorado (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Estes Park, Colorado (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Estes Park Place: Colorado Phone Number: 970-586-5331 Website: www.colorado.govpacifictowno...

  2. CONNECTICUT CHALLENGES TOWNS TO REDUCE ENERGY USE | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Marketing and Outreach: N2N used a multifaceted, community-based social marketing ... N2N employed an online "leaderboard," a scorecard that ranked the towns' performances. ...

  3. Essential Innovations Ekistics Town Planning Jiangsu Sifang Culture...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal energy Product: Announced in October 2006, this is a JV between Essential Innovation of Canada, Ekistics Town Planning also of Canada, and Jiangsu Sifang Culture...

  4. Mililani Town, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mililani Town, Hawaii: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 21.45, -158.0011111 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingserv...

  5. Town of Ashland, New Hampshire (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ashland, New Hampshire (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Ashland Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: (603) 968-3083 Website: www.ashlandnh.orgelectric.php...

  6. Town of Wolfeboro, New Hampshire (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wolfeboro, New Hampshire (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Wolfeboro Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 603-569-6975 Website: wolfeboronh.usPages...

  7. Town of Huntersville, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Huntersville Place: North Carolina Phone Number: 704.875.6541 Website: www.huntersville.orgDepartmen Twitter:...

  8. Secretary Moniz Leads DOE Town Hall | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Leads DOE Town Hall Secretary Moniz Leads DOE Town Hall May 22, 2013 - 6:30pm Addthis Secretary Moniz and Deputy Secretary Poneman address questions from Department of Energy employees in a town hall. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Moniz: Week One Watch the swearing-in ceremony. See a video recap of Secretary Moniz's first day in office. View a slideshow of photos from the DOE Town Hall. "I have a lot of hope and

  9. Missed Today's Town Hall with Sec. Chu? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Missed Today's Town Hall with Sec. Chu? Missed Today's Town Hall with Sec. Chu? January 26, 2011 - 4:02pm Addthis We have the video of today's online town hall event with Secretary Chu up and ready for your viewing. Check it out here. Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs We have the video of today's online town hall event with Secretary Chu up and ready for your viewing. Check it out here. During the event, Secretary Chu highlighted several

  10. New York Town Gets Block Grant at Perfect Time

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The town estimates the savings from energy-efficient facility upgrades will add up to $447,547 in just 15 years.

  11. Town of Red Springs, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Town of Red Springs, North Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red Springs...

  12. Town of Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Reading Town of Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: (781) 942-6598 Website: www.rmld.com Outage Hotline:...

  13. Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP), as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website.

  14. Cape Town, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Systems Registered Energy Companies in Cape Town, South Africa Atlantic Solar Genesis Eco Energy Mulilo Renewable Energy Pty Ltd SetSolar References http:www.geonames.org...

  15. MHK Projects/Old Town Bend | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Project Country United States Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Project Nearest Body of Water Mississippi River Coordinates 34.3713, -90.7493 Project Phase Phase 1...

  16. Small Nebraska Town Welcomes LEDs and Energy Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tecumseh’s town historic town square is home to the city hall, courthouse, post office, and during the summer months—a farmers market. Now, this historic square, built in the 1850’s, is about to become home to something new: LED lights.

  17. EA-1888: Old Town Fuel and Fiber Proposed Demonstration-Scale Integrated Biorefinery in Old Town, Maine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal by Old Town Fuel and Fiber to install and operate a demonstration-scale integrated biorefinery at their existing pulp mill in Old Town, Maine, demonstrating the production of n-butanol from lignocellulosic (wood) extract.

  18. TIDAL TURBULENCE SPECTRA FROM A COMPLIANT MOORING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomson, Jim; Kilcher, Levi; Richmond, Marshall C.; Talbert, Joe; deKlerk, Alex; Polagye, Brian; Guerra, Maricarmen; Cienfuegos, Rodrigo

    2013-06-13

    A compliant mooring to collect high frequency turbulence data at a tidal energy site is evaluated in a series of short demon- stration deployments. The Tidal Turbulence Mooring (TTM) improves upon recent bottom-mounted approaches by suspend- ing Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters (ADVs) at mid-water depths (which are more relevant to tidal turbines). The ADV turbulence data are superior to Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) data, but are subject to motion contamination when suspended on a mooring in strong currents. In this demonstration, passive stabilization is shown to be sufficient for acquiring bulk statistics of the turbulence, without motion correction. With motion cor- rection (post-processing), data quality is further improved; the relative merits of direct and spectral motion correction are dis- cussed.

  19. MHK Technologies/Tidal Sails | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to wires strung across the tidal stream at an angle The sails are driven back and forth by the tidal flow between two stations at one of which the generator is installed...

  20. Hot Town, Summer in the City | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Town, Summer in the City Hot Town, Summer in the City June 4, 2012 - 2:06pm Addthis Ernie Tucker Editor, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last fall, we mentioned the power that the "Inspiration of Music" can have for Energy Savers. At that time heading into winter, we talked generally about using tonal energy to start saving energy. But tunes can get us in the mood for summer, too. Take the Lovin' Spoonful's "Summer in the City" which begins "hot town, summer in the

  1. Missed the Town Hall with Secretary Chu? | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Missed the Town Hall with Secretary Chu? Missed the Town Hall with Secretary Chu? January 31, 2011 - 11:40am Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from DOE's Energy Blog. We have the video of the online town hall event with Secretary Chu up and ready for your viewing. Check it out below. During the event, Secretary Chu highlighted several parts of the President Obama's clean energy and

  2. Town of Drexel, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Town of Drexel Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (828) 437-7421 Website: www.ci.drexel.nc.us Twitter: @TownofDrexel Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  3. Town of Wickenburg, Arizona (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Town of Wickenburg Place: Arizona Phone Number: (928) 684-5451 x1520 Website: www.ci.wickenburg.az.us694Ut Outage Hotline: 928-684-5411 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  4. Public invited to LANL-sponsored Energy Town Hall

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, April 19, 2010-The public is invited to learn about projects in energy conservation, generation, research, and management at an Energy Town Hall April 21. ...

  5. Alaska Town Invests in Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Small town Tanana, Alaska is off the grid. The city of about 300 ... 20,000 Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grant from the U.S. ...

  6. Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Florida.1 References US Census Bureau 2005 Place to 2006 CBSA Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTown%27n%27Country,Florida&oldid2512...

  7. EECBG Success Story: Energy Detectives Help Pennsylvania Town...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Related Articles EECBG Success Story: Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Cape Coral Youth Center Manager Mark Cagel stands in front of a tamper-proof thermostat at the...

  8. Town of Vinton, Louisiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town of Vinton Place: Louisiana Phone Number: (337) 589-7453 Website: cityofvinton.comhtmlservices Outage Hotline: (337) 589-7453 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File...

  9. Town of Forest City, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Forest City, North Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Forest City Place: North Carolina Phone Number: 828-245-0149 Website: www.townofforestcity.c...

  10. UNIVERSITY PARK SCHOOLS SMALL TOWNS ON UPGRADES | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the small town lent itself to a strategy of community-based social marketing, where word of mouth and other inexpensive measures encouraged neighbors to participate in the program. ...

  11. Title 19 Chapter 3 Town Highways | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3 Town HighwaysLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1985 Legal Citation 19 V.S.A. 301-318 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online...

  12. Town of Kill Devil Hills- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy...

  13. Town of Springer, New Mexico (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springer, New Mexico (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Springer Town of Place: New Mexico Phone Number: 1-800-288-1353 Website: www.springercoop.comabout.cfm...

  14. Town of Babylon- Long Island Green Homes Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Long Island Green Homes Program is a self-financing residential retrofit program designed to support a goal of upgrading the energy efficiency of existing homes in the Town of Babylon. The...

  15. Town of Chapel Hill- Land-Use Management Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2003, the Town of Chapel Hill adopted a land-use management ordinance that includes prohibitions against neighborhood or homeowners association covenants or other conditions of sale that...

  16. SubTER Presentation at Town Hall- American Geophysical Union

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Subter, the Subsurface Crosscut at the Energy Department, conducted a Town Hall meeting to share information and create a dialogue regarding the grand challenges of energy production and storage in the subsurface.

  17. Town of MacClesfield, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MacClesfield, North Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of MacClesfield Place: North Carolina References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  18. Town of Hamilton, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    North Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Hamilton Place: North Carolina References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA...

  19. EECBG Success Story: Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money EECBG Success Story: Energy Upgrades to Save ... Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters EECBG Success Story: Cha-Ching How One ...

  20. EECBG Success Story: Small Nebraska Town Welcomes LEDs and Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Welcomes LEDs and Energy Savings EECBG Success Story: Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs EECBG Success Story: Out with the Old, In with the New: New...

  1. Town of Danvers, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danvers, MA) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Town of Danvers Place: Danvers, Massachusetts References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA Form 861...

  2. Town of Princeton, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Princeton Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 978 464-2815 Website: town.princeton.ma.usPagesPri Outage Hotline: 978 464-2825 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File...

  3. Town of Danvers, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Town of Danvers, MA Smart Grid Project was awarded 8,476,800 Recovery Act Funding with a total project...

  4. Small Towns Achieve Big Savings with Lighting Upgrades | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Towns Achieve Big Savings with Lighting Upgrades Small Towns Achieve Big Savings with Lighting Upgrades August 28, 2014 - 4:16pm Addthis A worker installs energy efficient lights as part of the Smart Lights for Smart Cities program. | Photo courtesy of Mid-America Regional Council. A worker installs energy efficient lights as part of the Smart Lights for Smart Cities program. | Photo courtesy of Mid-America Regional Council. Crystal McDonald Project Officer, Department of Energy.

  5. Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program June 11, 2010 - 4:23pm Addthis Paul Lester Paul Lester Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The EPA estimates toilets account for about 30 percent of an average home's indoor water use. Replacing inefficient toilets with new WaterSense toilets could save almost 2 billion gallons of water per day throughout the country, according to the EPA. The city of Aurora,

  6. Tidal & Current Modeling Development and Validation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tidal & Current Modeling Development and Validation - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense

  7. Tidal heating in multilayered terrestrial exoplanets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henning, Wade G.; Hurford, Terry

    2014-07-01

    The internal pattern and overall magnitude of tidal heating for spin-synchronous terrestrial exoplanets from 1 to 2.5 R{sub E} is investigated using a propagator matrix method for a variety of layer structures. Particular attention is paid to ice-silicate hybrid super-Earths, where a significant ice mantle is modeled to rest atop an iron-silicate core, and may or may not contain a liquid water ocean. We find multilayer modeling often increases tidal dissipation relative to a homogeneous model, across multiple orbital periods, due to the ability to include smaller volume low viscosity regions, and the added flexure allowed by liquid layers. Gradations in parameters with depth are explored, such as allowed by the Preliminary Earth Reference Model. For ice-silicate hybrid worlds, dramatically greater dissipation is possible beyond the case of a silicate mantle only, allowing non-negligible tidal activity to extend to greater orbital periods than previously predicted. Surface patterns of tidal heating are found to potentially be useful for distinguishing internal structure. The influence of ice mantle depth and water ocean size and position are shown for a range of forcing frequencies. Rates of orbital circularization are found to be 10-100 times faster than standard predictions for Earth-analog planets when interiors are moderately warmer than the modern Earth, as well as for a diverse range of ice-silicate hybrid super-Earths. Circularization rates are shown to be significantly longer for planets with layers equivalent to an ocean-free modern Earth, as well as for planets with high fractions of either ice or silicate melting.

  8. DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: Row Homes at

  9. National Association of Towns and Townships | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Association of Towns and Townships National Association of Towns and Townships September 8, 2005 - 9:52am Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman I appreciate very much the opportunity to be here. I know President Bush was scheduled to appear before you today. At the last minute he found out he would not be able to make it. So he asked me to come in his stead. Naturally I said yes. When the President asks you to fill in for him, you don't refuse. In fact, I joked, I would be

  10. Microsoft Word - Town-Hall-meeting_notes_090215.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Group Town Hall meeting, 09/02/2015 Location: Iran Thomas Auditorium, SNS site, ORNL, during the 2015 CNMS User Meeting. Meeting was called to order at 15:35 by Nazanin Bassiri-Gharb, UEC Chair with approximately 100 User Meeting attendees present. -- See accompanying slides on pp. 3-30 of this document -- * Nazanin began by introducing all the UEC members present at the Town Hall meeting * She then led a discussion of the UEC roles including issues such as capital equipment purchases * There

  11. MHK Technologies/TidalStar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search << Return to the MHK database homepage TidalStar.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Bourne Energy Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine...

  12. MHK Projects/Clarence Strait Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Project Country Australia Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Project Nearest Body of Water Clarence Strait Coordinates -12.083533792616, 131.04972839355 Project...

  13. MHK Technologies/Tidal Stream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery Concept Definition Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The TidalStream SST (Semi-Submersible Turbine) is...

  14. MHK Projects/Seaflow Tidal Energy System | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    been operating the Seaflow Tidal Energy System project since May 2003. This was an experimental test rig - the successor, SeaGen is intended for commercial applications Project...

  15. MHK Technologies/KESC Tidal Generator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Resource Click here CurrentTidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery Concept Definition Early...

  16. MHK Technologies/Tidal Turbine | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Aquascientific Project(s)...

  17. MHK Technologies/Tidal Stream Turbine | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Stream Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization StatoilHydro co owned...

  18. List of Tidal Energy Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coal with CCS Concentrating Solar Power Energy Storage Fuel Cells Geothermal Electric Natural Gas Nuclear Tidal Energy Wave Energy Wind energy BiomassBiogas Hydroelectric...

  19. Hydropower, Wave and Tidal Technologies Available for Licensing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wave and Tidal Marketing Summaries (13) Industrial Technologies Solar Photovoltaic Solar Thermal Startup America Vehicles and Fuels Wind Energy Partners (27) Visual Patent...

  20. MHK Projects/Astoria Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Astoria Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMA...

  1. Reference Model #1 - Tidal Energy: Resource Dr. Brian Polagye

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Model 1 - Tidal Energy: Resource Dr. Brian Polagye Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center University of Washington, Seattle, WA 1 Introduction Reference Model...

  2. MHK Projects/Cape Islands Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Islands Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type"...

  3. MHK Projects/Indian River Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","...

  4. MHK Projects/Angoon Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Angoon Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"R...

  5. MHK Projects/Kendall Head Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kendall Head Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"R...

  6. MHK Projects/Kingsbridge Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingsbridge Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","t...

  7. MHK Projects/Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy RITE | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy RITE < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3",...

  8. MHK Projects/Kachemak Bay Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kachemak Bay Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","...

  9. MHK Projects/Pennamaquan Tidal Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phase Phase ? PermitLicense Buildout (MW) 21 Main Overseeing Organization Pennamaquan Tidal Power LLC Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-13884 Environmental...

  10. MHK Projects/Central Cook Inlet Alaska Tidal Energy Project ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMA...

  11. MHK Projects/Portsmouth Area Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Portsmouth Area Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3...

  12. MHK Projects/Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  13. MHK Projects/Housatonic Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Housatonic Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  14. MHK Projects/East Foreland Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    East Foreland Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"...

  15. MHK Projects/Turnagain Arm Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turnagain Arm Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP...

  16. MHK Projects/Cuttyhunk Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cuttyhunk Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type"...

  17. MHK Projects/Spieden Channel Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spieden Channel Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3...

  18. MHK Projects/Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  19. MHK Projects/Avalon Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Avalon Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom...

  20. MHK Projects/Piscataqua Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Piscataqua Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"goo...

  1. MHK Projects/Highlands Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMA...

  2. MHK Projects/Penobscot Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Penobscot Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","typ...

  3. MHK Projects/Treat Island Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Treat Island Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP"...

  4. MHK Projects/Cook Inlet Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cook Inlet Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROA...

  5. MHK Projects/Paimpol Brehat tidal farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Paimpol Brehat tidal farm < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"R...

  6. MHK Projects/Guemes Channel Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guemes Channel Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3"...

  7. MHK Technologies/Tidal Barrage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Barrage.jpg Technology Profile Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine...

  8. MHK Projects/Tacoma Narrows Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tacoma Narrows Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3"...

  9. Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1984) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River...

  10. Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1982) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1982) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River...

  11. Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River...

  12. MHK Projects/Tidal Energy Project Portugal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Tidal Energy Pty Ltd Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesDavidson Hill Venturi DHV Turbine Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See...

  13. Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on Endangered Beluga

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Whales | Department of Energy Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on Endangered Beluga Whales Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on Endangered Beluga Whales April 9, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis With EERE support, Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) is conducting a two-year study on the effects of tidal turbines on endangered beluga whales in Cook Inlet, Alaska-home to some of the greatest tidal energy potential in the United States. To successfully permit and operate

  14. Factory Brings Solar Energy Jobs to Former Steel Town

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fairless Hills, like many Pennsylvania towns, has a long history with manufacturing. It is home to the Keystone Industrial Port Complex, a manufacturing and industrial site that was once the location of a U.S. Steel plant. So when AE Polysilicon was looking for a site suitable for its polycrystalline silicon plant, the Port Complex seemed like a natural choice.

  15. Road to Recovery: Bringing Recovery to Small Town America

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Nettamo, Paivi

    2012-06-14

    The Recovery Act hits the road to reach out to surrounding towns of the Savannah River Site that are struggling with soaring unemployment rates. This project helps recruit thousands of people to new jobs in environmental cleanup at the Savannah River Site.

  16. New Mexico competition helps students learn about infrastructure of towns |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration competition helps students learn about infrastructure of towns | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets

  17. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: New Town...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center New Town Builders, a builder of energy efficient homes in Denver, Colorado, ...

  18. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Via del Cielo, Santa Fe, NM...

  19. EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA...

  20. Town Hall Meeting October 1st, 2012 | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town Hall Meeting October 1st, 2012 Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017) Super contributor 19 September, 2012 - 13:40 OpenEI Town...

  1. EECBG Success Story: Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs EECBG Success Story: Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs September 8, 2010 - 10:26am Addthis Carmen, Oklahoma,...

  2. New Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources New Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources July 7, 2011 - 10:50am Addthis A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams | Source: Georgia Institute of Technology A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams | Source: Georgia Institute of Technology Michael Reed Michael Reed Director, Technical and

  3. AGU SubTER Town Hall Presentation 2015 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AGU SubTER Town Hall Presentation 2015 AGU SubTER Town Hall Presentation 2015 PDF icon AGU SubTER Townhall 2015.pdf More Documents & Publications SubTER Fact Sheet SubTER Presentation at Town Hall - American Geophysical Union

  4. Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collar, Craig

    2015-09-14

    This document represents the final report for the Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, located in Puget Sound, Washington, United States. The Project purpose was to license, permit, and install a grid-connected deep-water tidal turbine array (two turbines) to be used as a platform to gather operational and environmental data on tidal energy generation. The data could then be used to better inform the viability of commercial tidal energy generation from technical, economic, social, and environmental standpoints. This data would serve as a critical step towards the responsible advancement of commercial scale tidal energy in the United States and around the world. In late 2014, Project activities were discontinued due to escalating costs, and the DOE award was terminated in early 2015. Permitting, licensing, and engineering design activities were completed under this award. Final design, deployment, operation, and monitoring were not completed. This report discusses the results and accomplishments achieved under the subject award.

  5. TIDALLY DRIVEN DYNAMOS IN A ROTATING SPHERE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cébron, D.; Hollerbach, R. E-mail: r.hollerbach@leeds.ac.uk

    2014-07-01

    Large-scale planetary or stellar magnetic fields generated by a dynamo effect are mostly attributed to flows forced by buoyancy forces in electrically conducting fluid layers. However, these large-scale fields may also be controlled by tides, as previously suggested for the star τ-boo, Mars, or the early Moon. By simulating a small local patch of a rotating fluid, Barker and Lithwick have recently shown that tides can drive small-scale dynamos by exciting a hydrodynamic instability, the so-called elliptical (or tidal) instability. By performing global magnetohydrodynamic simulations of a rotating spherical fluid body, we investigate if this instability can also drive the observed large-scale magnetic fields. We are thus interested in the dynamo threshold and the generated magnetic field in order to test if such a mechanism is relevant for planets and stars. Rather than solving the problem in a geometry deformed by tides, we consider a spherical fluid body and add a body force to mimic the tidal deformation in the bulk of the fluid. This allows us to use an efficient spectral code to solve the magnetohydrodynamic problem. We first compare the hydrodynamic results with theoretical asymptotic results and numerical results obtained in a truly deformed ellipsoid, which confirms the presence of elliptical instability. We then perform magnetohydrodynamic simulations and investigate the dynamo capability of the flow. Kinematic and self-consistent dynamos are finally simulated, showing that the elliptical instability is capable of generating a dipole-dominated large-scale magnetic field in global simulations of a fluid rotating sphere.

  6. EECBG Success Story: Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money EECBG Success Story: Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money July 19, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis An aerial shot of Oro Valley, Ariz.'s town hall campus shows proposed solar locations. | Photo courtesy of Oro Valley An aerial shot of Oro Valley, Ariz.'s town hall campus shows proposed solar locations. | Photo courtesy of Oro Valley The small town of Oro Valley, Arizona is making improvements that could save the city an

  7. Tidal energy site resource assessment in the East River tidal strait, near Roosevelt Island, New York, New York

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gunawan, Budi; Neary, Vincent S.; Colby, Jonathan

    2014-06-22

    This study demonstrates a site resource assessment to examine the temporal variation of the mean current, turbulence intensities, and power densities for a tidal energy site in the East River tidal strait. These variables were derived from two-months of acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) measurements at the design hub height of the Verdant Power Gen5 hydrokinetic turbine. The study site is a tidal strait that exhibits semi-diurnal tidal current characteristics, with a mean horizontal current speed of 1.4 m s-1, and turbulence intensity of 15% at a reference mean current of 2 m s-1. Flood and ebb flow directions are nearlymore » bi-directional, with higher current magnitude during flood tide, which skews the power production towards the flood tide period. The tidal hydrodynamics at the site are highly regular, as indicated by the tidal current time series that resembles a sinusoidal function. This study also shows that the theoretical force and power densities derived from the current measurements can significantly be influenced by the length of the time window used for averaging the current data. Furthermore, the theoretical power density at the site, derived from the current measurements, is one order of magnitude greater than that reported in the U.S. national resource assessment. As a result, this discrepancy highlights the importance of conducting site resource assessments based on measurements at the tidal energy converter device scale.« less

  8. Tidal energy site resource assessment in the East River tidal strait, near Roosevelt Island, New York, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunawan, Budi; Neary, Vincent S.; Colby, Jonathan

    2014-06-22

    This study demonstrates a site resource assessment to examine the temporal variation of the mean current, turbulence intensities, and power densities for a tidal energy site in the East River tidal strait. These variables were derived from two-months of acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) measurements at the design hub height of the Verdant Power Gen5 hydrokinetic turbine. The study site is a tidal strait that exhibits semi-diurnal tidal current characteristics, with a mean horizontal current speed of 1.4 m s-1, and turbulence intensity of 15% at a reference mean current of 2 m s-1. Flood and ebb flow directions are nearly bi-directional, with higher current magnitude during flood tide, which skews the power production towards the flood tide period. The tidal hydrodynamics at the site are highly regular, as indicated by the tidal current time series that resembles a sinusoidal function. This study also shows that the theoretical force and power densities derived from the current measurements can significantly be influenced by the length of the time window used for averaging the current data. Furthermore, the theoretical power density at the site, derived from the current measurements, is one order of magnitude greater than that reported in the U.S. national resource assessment. As a result, this discrepancy highlights the importance of conducting site resource assessments based on measurements at the tidal energy converter device scale.

  9. Small Town Energy Program (STEP) Final Report revised

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, Charles T.

    2014-01-02

    University Park, Maryland (“UP”) is a small town of 2,540 residents, 919 homes, 2 churches, 1 school, 1 town hall, and 1 breakthrough community energy efficiency initiative: the Small Town Energy Program (“STEP”). STEP was developed with a mission to “create a model community energy transformation program that serves as a roadmap for other small towns across the U.S.” STEP first launched in January 2011 in UP and expanded in July 2012 to the neighboring communities of Hyattsville, Riverdale Park, and College Heights Estates, MD. STEP, which concluded in July 2013, was generously supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The STEP model was designed for replication in other resource-constrained small towns similar to University Park - a sector largely neglected to date in federal and state energy efficiency programs. STEP provided a full suite of activities for replication, including: energy audits and retrofits for residential buildings, financial incentives, a community-based social marketing backbone and local community delivery partners. STEP also included the highly innovative use of an “Energy Coach” who worked one-on-one with clients throughout the program. Please see www.smalltownenergy.org for more information. In less than three years, STEP achieved the following results in University Park: • 30% of community households participated voluntarily in STEP; • 25% of homes received a Home Performance with ENERGY STAR assessment; • 16% of households made energy efficiency improvements to their home; • 64% of households proceeded with an upgrade after their assessment; • 9 Full Time Equivalent jobs were created or retained, and 39 contractors worked on STEP over the course of the project. Estimated Energy Savings - Program Totals kWh Electricity 204,407 Therms Natural Gas 24,800 Gallons of Oil 2,581 Total Estimated MMBTU Saved (Source Energy) 5,474 Total Estimated Annual Energy Cost Savings $61,343 STEP clients who had a home energy upgrade invested on average $4,500, resulting in a 13% reduction in annual energy use and utility bill savings of $325. Rebates and incentives covered 40%-50% of retrofit cost, resulting in an average simple payback of about 7 years. STEP has created a handbook in which are assembled all the key elements that went into the design and delivery of STEP. The target audiences for the handbook include interested citizens, elected officials and municipal staff who want to establish and run their own efficiency program within a small community or neighborhood, using elements, materials and lessons from STEP.

  10. MHK Technologies/MORILD 2 Floating Tidal Power System | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    based on the same principle as horizontal axis wind turbines. The plant has 4 two-blade underwater turbines and can utilize the energy potential in tidal and ocean currents....

  11. MHK Projects/Lubec Narrows Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource Click here Current Tidal Project Nearest Body of Water Lubec Narrows and Johnson Bay Coordinates 44.8652, -66.9828 Project Phase Phase 1 PermitLicense Buildout...

  12. MHK Technologies/Sabella subsea tidal turbine | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    surface. These turbines are stabilised by gravity andor are anchored according to the nature of the seafloor. They are pre-orientated in the direction of the tidal currents, and...

  13. MHK Projects/Tidal Energy Device Evaluation Center TIDEC | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    StateProvince Maine Project Country United States Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Coordinates 44.3879, -68.7998 Project Phase Phase 1 Device Nameplate Capacity (MW)...

  14. Pulse Tidal formerly Pulse Generation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    formerly Pulse Generation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pulse Tidal (formerly Pulse Generation) Place: Hull, England, United Kingdom Zip: HU5 3LP Product: UK-based developer of...

  15. DOE Science Showcase - Tidal Energy | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Department of Energy's Water Power Program Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030, Energy.gov News Assessment of Energy Production Potential from ...

  16. Hydropower, Wave and Tidal Technologies - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydropower, Wave and Tidal » Technology Marketing Summaries Site Map Printable Version Share this resource About Search Categories (15) Advanced Materials Biomass and Biofuels Building Energy Efficiency Electricity Transmission Energy Analysis Energy Storage Geothermal Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydropower, Wave and Tidal Marketing Summaries (13) Industrial Technologies Solar Photovoltaic Solar Thermal Startup America Vehicles and Fuels Wind Energy Partners (27) Visual Patent Search Success Stories

  17. Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    States | Department of Energy Tidal Streams in the United States Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States The project documented in this report created a national database of tidal stream energy potential, as well as a GIS tool usable by industry in order to accelerate the market for tidal energy conversion technology. PDF icon Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States More Documents & Publications Project

  18. AVTA: 2011 Chrysler Town and Country Experimental PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  19. Microsoft Word - UEC Town_Hall_Meeting_notes.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4/2013 CNMS User Group Town Hall meeting notes Open meeting held in Rooms 202A/B/C of ORNL Conference Center Convened 12:30pm Note: Slides presented at the meeting are attached following p.2. 1. Tony Hmelo, UEC Chair, opened the meeting and introduced the UEC members to the audience. 2. Tony provided an update on UEC activities in 2013 that covered: a. Role of the UEC: We are the link between users and management and influence CNMS activities. b. Telecons: The minutes are archived and available

  20. Tool Kit Framework: Small Town Energy Program (STEP) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tool Kit Framework: Small Town Energy Program (STEP) Tool Kit Framework: Small Town Energy Program (STEP) The goal of Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP) is to assemble all the key elements that went into the design and delivery of STEP-formerly STEP-UP, a University Park, Maryland, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner. The target audiences for the handbook include interested citizens, elected officials, and municipal staff who want to establish and run their

  1. Town of Hempstead: Project Energy, From Project Execution to Outreach & Education

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the March 19, 2013, CommRE webinar on Renewable Energy Parks by Tara Schneider, Town of Hempstead, New York.

  2. Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Department of Energy Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Newfields, New Hampshire's town hall has a lot of old-time charm worth keeping, with its steeple, rusted-red brick and chimney stacks, but the town lights are ready for a makeover. "Obviously, they don't have gas lamps from the 1800s," jokes Clay Mitchell, Newfields' town planner. "But the lights are old. In the town hall meeting room, they are awful. They are big, fat and hum when you turn

  3. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: New Town Builders'

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Power of Zero Energy Center | Department of Energy New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center New Town Builders, a builder of energy efficient homes in Denver, Colorado, offers a zero energy option for all the homes it builds. To attract a wide range of potential home buyers to its energy efficient homes, New Town Builders created a "Power of Zero Energy Center" linked to its

  4. EECBG Success Story: Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy EECBG Success Story: ... Charging Up in King County, Washington EECBG Success Story: Beep Beep King County, ...

  5. Nantucket Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 13206 Utility Location Yes Ownership I...

  6. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Town Homes at Perrin's Row Wheat Ridge, CO DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in

  7. NATIONAL GEODATABASE OF TIDAL STREAM POWER RESOURCE IN USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Brennan T; Neary, Vincent S; Stewart, Kevin M

    2012-01-01

    A geodatabase of tidal constituents is developed to present the regional assessment of tidal stream power resource in the USA. Tidal currents are numerically modeled with the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and calibrated with the available measurements of tidal current speeds and water level surfaces. The performance of the numerical model in predicting the tidal currents and water levels is assessed by an independent validation. The geodatabase is published on a public domain via a spatial database engine with interactive tools to select, query and download the data. Regions with the maximum average kinetic power density exceeding 500 W/m2 (corresponding to a current speed of ~1 m/s), total surface area larger than 0.5 km2 and depth greater than 5 m are defined as hotspots and documented. The regional assessment indicates that the state of Alaska (AK) has the largest number of locations with considerably high kinetic power density, followed by, Maine (ME), Washington (WA), Oregon (OR), California (CA), New Hampshire (NH), Massachusetts (MA), New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), North and South Carolina (NC, SC), Georgia (GA), and Florida (FL).

  8. TIDAL DISRUPTION FLARES: THE ACCRETION DISK PHASE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montesinos Armijo, Matias; De Freitas Pacheco, Jose A. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Laboratoire Cassiopee, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis Bd de l'Observatoire, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France)

    2011-08-01

    The evolution of an accretion disk, formed as a consequence of the disruption of a star by a black hole, is followed by solving numerically hydrodynamic equations. The present investigation aims to study the dependence of resulting light curves on dynamical and physical properties of such a transient disk during its existence. One of the main results derived from our simulations is that blackbody fits of X-ray data tend to overestimate the true mean disk temperature. In fact, the temperature derived from blackbody fits should be identified with the color X-ray temperature rather than the average value derived from the true temperature distribution along the disk. The time interval between the beginning of the circularization of the bound debris and the beginning of the accretion process by the black hole is determined by the viscous (or accretion) timescale, which also fixes the rising part of the resulting light curve. The luminosity peak coincides with the beginning of matter accretion by the black hole and the late evolution of the light curve depends on the evolution of the debris fallback rate. Peak bolometric luminosities are in the range 10{sup 45}-10{sup 46} erg s{sup -1}, whereas peak luminosities in soft X-rays (0.2-2.0 keV) are typically one order of magnitude lower. The typical timescale derived from our preferred models for the flare luminosity to decay by two orders of magnitude is about 3-4 yr. Predicted soft X-ray light curves reproduce quite well data on galaxies in which a variable X-ray emission possibly related to a tidal event was detected. In the cases of NGC 3599 and IC 3599, data are reproduced well by models defined by a black hole with mass {approx}10{sup 7} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of about 1 solar mass. The X-ray variation observed in XMMSL1 is consistent with a model defined by a black hole with mass {approx}3 x 10{sup 6} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of 1 solar mass, while that observed in the galaxy situated in the cluster A1689 is consistent with a model including a black hole of {approx}10{sup 7} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of {approx}0.5 M{sub sun}.

  9. Discovery of a tidal dwarf galaxy in the Leo Triplet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nikiel-Wroczy?ski, B.; Soida, M.; Urbanik, M.; Bomans, D. J. E-mail: soida@oa.uj.edu.pl E-mail: bomans@astro.rub.de

    2014-05-10

    We report the discovery of a dwarf galaxy in the Leo Triplet. Analysis of the neutral hydrogen distribution shows that it rotates independently of the tidal tail of NGC 3628, with a radial velocity gradient of 35-40 km s{sup 1} over approximately 13 kpc. The galaxy has an extremely high neutral gas content, accounting for a large amount of its total dynamic mass and suggesting a low amount of dark matter. It is located at the tip of the gaseous tail, which strongly suggests a tidal origin. If this is the case, it would be one of the most confident and nearest (to the Milky Way) detections of a tidal dwarf galaxy and, at the same time, the object most detached from its parent galaxy (?140 kpc) of this type.

  10. The environmental interactions of tidal and wave energy generation devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frid, Chris; Andonegi, Eider; Judd, Adrian; Rihan, Dominic; Rogers, Stuart I.; Kenchington, Ellen

    2012-01-15

    Global energy demand continues to grow and tidal and wave energy generation devices can provide a significant source of renewable energy. Technological developments in offshore engineering and the rising cost of traditional energy means that offshore energy resources will be economic in the next few years. While there is now a growing body of data on the ecological impacts of offshore wind farms, the scientific basis on which to make informed decisions about the environmental effects of other offshore energy developments is lacking. Tidal barrages have the potential to cause significant ecological impacts particularly on bird feeding areas when they are constructed at coastal estuaries or bays. Offshore tidal stream energy and wave energy collectors offer the scope for developments at varying scales. They also have the potential to alter habitats. A diversity of designs exist, including floating, mid-water column and seabed mounted devices, with a variety of moving-part configurations resulting in a unique complex of potential environmental effects for each device type, which are discussed to the extent possible. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We review the environmental impacts of tidal barrages and fences, tidal stream farms and wave energy capture devices. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Impacts on habitats, species and the water column, and effects of noise and electromagnetic fields are considered. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tidal barrages can cause significant impacts on bird feeding areas when constructed at coastal estuaries or bays. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Wave energy collectors can alter water column and sea bed habitats locally and over large distances.

  11. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    All homes in the Stapleton community must be ENERGY STAR certified; New Town Builders has announced that it will build 250300 new homes over the next 710 years, all of which will be Challenge Homes. New Town received a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the production builder category.

  12. EECBG Success Story: Small Nebraska Town Welcomes LEDs and Energy Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tecumsehs town historic town square is home to the city hall, courthouse, post office, and during the summer monthsa farmers market. Now, this historic square, built in the 1850s, is about to become home to something new: LED lights. Learn more.

  13. EECBG Success Story: Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carmen, Oklahoma, is not your average small town. It was the first recipient of an Energy Efficiency and Conservation block grant – and the small town of 412 is using that Recovery Act funding to cut costs through wind energy. Learn more.

  14. Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, ...

  15. Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haas, Kevin A.; Fritz, Hermann M.; French, Steven P.; Smith, Brennan T.; Neary, Vincent

    2011-06-29

    The project documented in this report created a national database of tidal stream energy potential, as well as a GIS tool usable by industry in order to accelerate the market for tidal energy conversion technology.

  16. Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 January 27, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database

  17. President Obama Talks Clean Energy At Facebook Town Hall | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy At Facebook Town Hall President Obama Talks Clean Energy At Facebook Town Hall April 25, 2011 - 10:24am Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? We are investing in new technologies that will help us reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. By investing in STEM education, we are investing in our future. President Obama hosted a town hall at Facebook's headquarters last Wednesday to discuss the

  18. DOE Tour of Zero: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders DOE Tour of Zero: Row Homes at Perrin's Row by New Town Builders Addthis 1 of 14 New Town Builders, now known as Thrive, built 26 units at the Row Homes at Perrin's Row in Denver, Colorado, to the performance criteria of the U.S. Department of Energy Zero Energy Ready Home (ZERH) program. 2 of 14 Homeowners in the three-story row homes are projected to save $682 in annual energy costs thanks to the homes' efficient

  19. Modeling In-stream Tidal Energy Extraction and Its Potential Environmental Impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea; Geerlofs, Simon H.

    2014-09-30

    In recent years, there has been growing interest in harnessing in-stream tidal energy in response to concerns of increasing energy demand and to mitigate climate change impacts. While many studies have been conducted to assess and map tidal energy resources, efforts for quantifying the associated potential environmental impacts have been limited. This paper presents the development of a tidal turbine module within a three-dimensional unstructured-grid coastal ocean model and its application for assessing the potential environmental impacts associated with tidal energy extraction. The model is used to investigate in-stream tidal energy extraction and associated impacts on estuarine hydrodynamic and biological processes in a tidally dominant estuary. A series of numerical experiments with varying numbers and configurations of turbines installed in an idealized estuary were carried out to assess the changes in the hydrodynamics and biological processes due to tidal energy extraction. Model results indicated that a large number of turbines are required to extract the maximum tidal energy and cause significant reduction of the volume flux. Preliminary model results also indicate that extraction of tidal energy increases vertical mixing and decreases flushing rate in a stratified estuary. The tidal turbine model was applied to simulate tidal energy extraction in Puget Sound, a large fjord-like estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast.

  20. Mutagenicity of airborne particles from a nonindustrial town in Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barale, R.; Zucconi, D.; Giorgelli, F.; Carducci, A.L.; Tonelli, M.; Loprieno, N.

    1989-01-01

    The mutagenic activity of airborne particulate matter collected in Pisa, a small nonindustrial town located in Italy, has been monitored over 1 year using the Ames Salmonella Test. Airborne particulate was collected on fiberglass filters using a Hi-Vol sampler and extracted by sonication and Soxhlet acetone extraction in sequence. TA 98 and TA 100 salmonella strains gave positive results with the great majority of samples. The mutagenicity trend fits with a harmonic regression with a peak during December/January and inversely correlates with the temperature. No correlations were observed with other meteorological conditions such as wind, cloud, rainfall, atmospheric pressure, and humidity. The ratio between mutagenicity/microgram of particulate matter with S9 and that without S9 remains more or less constant regardless of seasonal fluctuations, suggesting that during cold months quantitative increases of mutagens onto particulate matter have probably occurred. The comparison of air mutagenicity in different sites suggests that motor vehicle exhaust fumes are the major source of air pollution. Finally, because of high-traffic volume, air mutagenicity at street level is comparable to that observed in several metropolitan areas all over the world.

  1. Town of Carrboro- Worthwhile Investments Save Energy (WISE) Homes and Buildings Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Town of Carrboro is providing loans to Carrboro businesses and non-profits with fewer than 50 employees to increase their energy efficiency. The current interest rate is 3% and the maximum loan...

  2. LEDS the focus of Monday's 10 a.m. Town Hall Meeting | OpenEI...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LEDS the focus of Monday's 10 a.m. Town Hall Meeting Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017) Super contributor 16 November, 2012 - 11:23...

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CO, Production Home DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, CO, Production Home Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Denver, CO, that scored HERS ...

  4. Newport News School Board Member Hosting Town Hall Thursday (Daily Press) |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab 2-03-05/news/dp-nws-ednotebook-0305-20120304_1_town-hall-carlton-ashby-newport-news-sc... Submitted: Tuesday, March 6, 2012 - 1

  5. RBS 1032: A TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENT IN ANOTHER DWARF GALAXY?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maksym, W. Peter; Lin, Dacheng; Irwin, Jimmy A.

    2014-09-10

    RBS 1032 is a supersoft (? ? 5), luminous (?10{sup 43} erg s{sup 1}) ROSAT PSPC source which has been associated with an inactive dwarf galaxy at z = 0.026, SDSS J114726.69+494257.8. We have analyzed an XMM-Newton observation that confirms that RBS 1032 is indeed associated with the dwarf galaxy. Moreover, RBS 1032 has undergone a factor of ?100-300 decay since 1990 November. This variability suggests that RBS 1032 may not be a steadily accreting intermediate-mass black hole, but rather an accretion flare from the tidal disruption of a star by the central black hole (which may or may not be intermediate-mass). We suggest that additional tidal disruption events may remain unidentified in archival ROSAT data, such that disruption rate estimates based upon ROSAT All-Sky Survey data may need reconsideration.

  6. Tidal dissipation in a homogeneous spherical body. I. Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroimsky, Michael; Makarov, Valeri V. E-mail: vvm@usno.navy.mil

    2014-11-01

    A formula for the tidal dissipation rate in a spherical body is derived from first principles to correct some mathematical inaccuracies found in the literature. The development is combined with the Darwin-Kaula formalism for tides. Our intermediate results are compared with those by Zschau and Platzman. When restricted to the special case of an incompressible spherical planet spinning synchronously without libration, our final formula can be compared with the commonly used expression from Peale and Cassen. However, the two turn out to differ, as in our expression the contributions from all Fourier modes are positive-definite, which is not the case with the formula from Peale and Cassen. Examples of the application of our expression for the tidal damping rate are provided in the work by Makarov and Efroimsky (Paper II) published back to back with the current paper.

  7. 06.27.14 SRS Retirees Town Hall Meeting-Dave Hepner Page 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting-Dave Hepner Page 1 SRSRA TOWN HALL MEETING New Ellenton Community Center JUNE 27, 2014 After reviewing the notes and discussing the Town Hall Meeting held on June 27, 2014, Dave Hepner, DOE-SR Acquisitions Operations Division Director, has made the following commitments, in accordance with the attendees' questions and stated concerns. Commitment: Date: Status:  Quarterly meetings with SRSRA Board Ongoing August 28, 2014 December 11, 2014  Annual meetings with SRSRA membership

  8. Town of Bedford, New York, Summary of Reported Data From July 1, 2010 - September 30, 2013

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Town of Bedford, New York, Summary of Reported Data From July 1, 2010 - September 30, 2013 Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Report Produced By: U.S. Department of Energy June 2014 TOWN OF BEDFORD, NEW YORK, SUMMARY OF REPORTED DATA Revised June 2014 ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This document presents a summary of data reported by an organization awarded federal financial assistance (e.g., grants, cooperative agreements) through the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Better Buildings Neighborhood

  9. Town of University Park, Maryland Summary of Reported Data From July 1, 2010 - September 30, 2013

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Town o f University Park, Maryland, Summary o f Reported Data From July 1 , 2010 - September 3 0, 2013 Better B uildings Neighborhood Program Report Produced By: U.S. Department of Energy June 2014 TOWN OF UNIVERSITY PARK, MARYLAND, SUMMARY OF REPORTED DATA ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This document presents a summary of data reported by an organization awarded federal financial assistance (e.g., grants, cooperative agreements) through the U.S. Department of Energy's ( DOE's) Better Buildings Neighborhood

  10. High Fidelity Evaluation of Tidal Turbine Performance for Industry Partner

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fidelity Evaluation of Tidal Turbine Performance for Industry Partner - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel

  11. EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead agency. The DOE NEPA process for this project has been canceled.

  12. Collisional disruption of gravitational aggregates in the tidal environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyodo, Ryuki; Ohtsuki, Keiji

    2014-05-20

    The degree of disruption in collisions in free space is determined by specific impact energy, and the mass fraction of the largest remnant is a monotonically decreasing function of impact energy. However, it has not been shown whether such a relationship is applicable to collisions under the influence of a planet's tidal force, which is important in ring dynamics and satellite accretion. Here we examine the collisional disruption of gravitational aggregates in the tidal environment by using local N-body simulations. We find that outcomes of such a collision largely depend on the impact velocity, the direction of impact, and the radial distance from the planet. In the case of a strong tidal field corresponding to Saturn's F ring, collisions in the azimuthal direction are much more destructive than those in the radial direction. Numerical results of collisions sensitively depend on the impact velocity, and a complete disruption of aggregates can occur even in impacts with velocity much lower than their escape velocity. In such low-velocity collisions, the deformation of colliding aggregates plays an essential role in determining collision outcomes, because the physical size of the aggregate is comparable to its Hill radius. On the other hand, the dependence of collision outcomes on impact velocity becomes similar to the case in free space when the distance from the planet is sufficiently large. Our results are consistent with Cassini observations of the F ring, which suggest ongoing creation and disruption of aggregates within the ring.

  13. About Cost Breakdown Structure for Tidal Current Device Created by Mirko Previsic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tidal Current Device Created by Mirko Previsic Company RE Vision Consulting, LLC Contact mirko@re-vision.net Date 41127 Comments/Notes 1. This spreadsheet provides the background and details of the cost and economic assessment of the Tidal Current Device 2. This spreadsheet supports the primary reports on theTidal Current device 3. Cost Estimates provided herein are based on concept design and engineering data and have high levels of uncertainties embedded Disclaimer Report Tables Capex and Opex

  14. Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power | Department of Energy Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Office presentation icon 16_life_revision_previsic_update.ppt More Documents & Publications 2014 Water Power Program

  15. Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Project |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Project Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Project July 24, 2012 - 1:12pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Today, Energy Secretary Steven Chu recognized the nation's first commercial, grid-connected tidal energy project off the coast of Eastport, Maine. Leveraging a $10 million investment from the Energy Department, Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC)

  16. MHK Projects/Homeowner Tidal Power Elec Gen | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Homeowner Tidal Power Elec Gen < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","typ...

  17. EERE Success Story-Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Endangered Beluga Whales | Department of Energy Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on Endangered Beluga Whales EERE Success Story-Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on Endangered Beluga Whales April 9, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis With EERE support, Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) is conducting a two-year study on the effects of tidal turbines on endangered beluga whales in Cook Inlet, Alaska-home to some of the greatest tidal energy potential in the United

  18. On the Natural Frequency of Tidal Current Power Systems - A Discussion...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Among long-term physics, the wet natural frequency is highly dependent on tidal ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Word Cloud ...

  19. Assessment of Strike of Adult Killer Whales by an OpenHydro Tidal Turbine Blade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Elster, Jennifer L.; Jones, Mark E.; Watson, Bruce E.; Copping, Andrea E.; Watkins, Michael L.; Jepsen, Richard A.; Metzinger, Kurt

    2012-02-01

    Report to DOE on an analysis to determine the effects of a potential impact to an endangered whale from tidal turbines proposed for deployment in Puget Sound.

  20. Snohomish PUD No 1 (TRL 7 8 System) - Puget Sound Pilot Tidal Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Project | Department of Energy Snohomish PUD No 1 (TRL 7 8 System) - Puget Sound Pilot Tidal Energy Project Snohomish PUD No 1 (TRL 7 8 System) - Puget Sound Pilot Tidal Energy Project Snohomish PUD No 1 (TRL 7 8 System) - Puget Sound Pilot Tidal Energy Project File 01_puget_snopud_presentation.pptx More Documents & Publications Ocean Renewable Power Co (ORPC) (TRL 7 8 System) - TidGen (TM) Power System Commercialization Project Sunlight Photonics (TRL 4 System) - Tidal Energy System for

  1. MHK Projects/Half Moon Cove Tidal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country United States Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Project Nearest Body of Water Passamaquoddy Bay Coordinates 44.9062, -66.99 Project Phase Phase 1 Project...

  2. Microsoft Word - RM1_Tidal Turbine_NREL Lawson, Li Y, Sale_2011...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic ... MODEL OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE ABSTRACT This paper describes the ...

  3. MHK Projects/Long Island Sound Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Long Island Sound Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  4. MHK Projects/San Juan Channel Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Juan Channel Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","...

  5. MHK Projects/San Francisco Bay Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Francisco Bay Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3",...

  6. MHK Projects/Central Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Province Alaska Project Country United States Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Coordinates 59.9669, -152.226 Project Phase Phase 1 Main Overseeing Organization...

  7. MHK Projects/Icy Passage Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Icy Passage Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","t...

  8. MHK Projects/Ward s Island Tidal Power Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    s Island Tidal Power Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type"...

  9. MHK Projects/Hammerfest Strom UK Tidal Stream | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hammerfest Strom UK Tidal Stream < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","t...

  10. Calming the Waters: The Impact of Turbulence on Tidal Energy Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New research is helping the emerging tidal energy industry learn from their counterparts in the wind industry. By considering the effects of atmospheric turbulence when developing turbine designs,...

  11. Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment May 4, 2012 - 12:11pm Addthis Cobscook Bay, Maine, is the site of a tidal energy pilot project led by Ocean Renewable Power Company. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Renewable Power Company. Cobscook Bay, Maine, is the site of a tidal energy pilot project led by Ocean Renewable Power Company. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Renewable

  12. All Eyes on Eastport: Tidal Energy Project Brings Change, Opportunity to Local Community

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As progress on a Maine-based tidal energy project moves forward, local community member Gerald Morrison reflects on its impact.

  13. Building America Case Study: New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center, Denver, Colorado (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    New Town Builders, a builder of energy efficient homes in Denver, Colorado, offers a zero energy option for all the homes it builds. To attract a wide range of potential homebuyers to its energy efficient homes, New Town Builders created a 'Power of Zero Energy Center' linked to its model home in the Stapleton community of Denver. This case study presents New Town Builders' marketing approach, which is targeted to appeal to homebuyers' emotions rather than overwhelming homebuyers with scientific details about the technology. The exhibits in the Power of Zero Energy Center focus on reduced energy expenses for the homeowner, improved occupant comfort, the reputation of the builder, and the lack of sacrificing the homebuyers' desired design features to achieve zero net energy in the home. The case study also contains customer and realtor testimonials related to the effectiveness of the Center in influencing homebuyers to purchase a zero energy home.

  14. OPTICAL TRANSIENTS FROM THE UNBOUND DEBRIS OF TIDAL DISRUPTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasen, Daniel; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico

    2010-05-01

    In the tidal disruption of a star by a black hole, roughly half of the stellar mass becomes bound and falls into the black hole, while the other half is ejected at high velocity. Several previous studies have considered the emission resulting from the accretion of bound material; we consider the possibility that the unbound debris may also radiate once it has expanded and become transparent. We show that the gradual energy input from hydrogen recombination compensates for adiabatic losses over significant expansion factors. The opacity also drops dramatically with recombination, and the internal energy can be radiated by means of a cooling-transparency wave propagating from the surface layers inward. The result is a brief optical transient occurring {approx} 1 week after disruption and lasting 3-5 days with peak luminosities of 10{sup 40}-10{sup 42} ergs s{sup -1}, depending on the mass of the disrupted star. These recombination powered transients should accompany the X-ray/ultraviolet flare from the accretion of bound material, and so may be a useful signature for discriminating tidal disruption events, especially for lower and intermediate mass black holes.

  15. RED CLUMP STARS IN THE SAGITTARIUS TIDAL STREAMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrell, Kenneth; Chen Yuqin; Wilhelm, Ronald

    2012-07-15

    We have probed a section (l {approx} 150, b {approx} -60) of the trailing tidal arm of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy by identifying a sample of Red Clump (RC) stream stars. RC stars are not generally found in the halo field, but are found in significant numbers in both the Sagittarius galaxy and its tidal streams, making them excellent probes of stream characteristics. Our target sample was selected using photometric data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Data Release 6, which was constrained in color to match the Sagittarius RC stars. Spectroscopic observations of the target stars were conducted at Kitt Peak National Observatory using the WIYN telescope. The resulting spectroscopic sample is magnitude limited and contains both main-sequence disk stars and evolved RC stars. We have developed a method to systematically separate these two stellar classes using kinematic information and a Bayesian approach for surface gravity determination. The resulting RC sample allows us to determine an absolute stellar density of {rho} = 2.7 {+-} 0.5 RC stars kpc{sup -3} at this location in the stream. Future measurements of stellar densities for a variety of populations and at various locations along the streams will lead to a much improved understanding of the original nature of the Sagittarius galaxy and the physical processes controlling its disruption and subsequent stream generation.

  16. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, CO |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy CO DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, CO DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, CO Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Denver, CO, that achieves HERS 38 without PV or HERS -3 with 8.0 kW of PV. The 2,115-ft2 two-story production home has 9.5-in.-thick double-stud walls filled with R-40 of blown fiberglass; a vented attic with R-50 blown fiberglass; an insulated, conditioned basement; a high-efficiency

  17. The Higgs: Not the Only Boson in Town | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    The Higgs: Not the Only Boson in Town High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: Email Us More Information » 02.01.13 The Higgs: Not the Only Boson in Town Another boson has been found at the LHC that

  18. Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award

  19. EECBG Success Story: Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Save Money and Energy | Department of Energy Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy EECBG Success Story: Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy April 20, 2011 - 9:52am Addthis Workers demonstrate the nitrogen tank used to inflate tires in St. Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters Workers demonstrate the nitrogen tank used to inflate tires in St. Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters Residents of

  20. EECBG Success Story: Out with the Old, In with the New: New Hampshire Town

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Upgrade Lighting | Department of Energy Out with the Old, In with the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting EECBG Success Story: Out with the Old, In with the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting June 17, 2010 - 4:09pm Addthis With a $2,000 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) from the U.S. Department of Energy and New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning, Newfields, New Hampshire will switch out 98 lights with energy-efficient T-5 and T-8 lights in the

  1. An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, Christopher

    2013-06-30

    Over the past three decades the Town of Hull, MA has solidified its place in U.S. wind energy history through its leadership in community-based generation. This is illustrated by its commissioning of the first commercial-scale wind turbine on the Atlantic coastline, the first suburban-sited turbine in the continental United States, pursuit of community-based offshore wind, and its push toward creating an energy independent community. The town's history and demographics are briefly outlined, followed by experience in projects to provide wind power, including pre-construction and feasibility efforts, financial aspects, and market/industry factors.

  2. Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    | Department of Energy Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy April 20, 2011 - 9:52am Addthis Workers demonstrate the nitrogen tank used to inflate tires in St. Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters Workers demonstrate the nitrogen tank used to inflate tires in St. Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach

  3. Move Over Flash Pyrolysis, There's a New Bioenergy Sheriff in Town |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Over Flash Pyrolysis, There's a New Bioenergy Sheriff in Town Move Over Flash Pyrolysis, There's a New Bioenergy Sheriff in Town December 16, 2011 - 12:10pm Addthis Jonathan Peters, a researcher at RTI International (an ARPA-E awardee), characterizes the water content of a bio-oil sample. | Courtesy of RTI International. Jonathan Peters, a researcher at RTI International (an ARPA-E awardee), characterizes the water content of a bio-oil sample. | Courtesy of RTI

  4. Super massive black hole in galactic nuclei with tidal disruption of stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhong, Shiyan; Berczik, Peter; Spurzem, Rainer

    2014-09-10

    Tidal disruption of stars by super massive central black holes from dense star clusters is modeled by high-accuracy direct N-body simulation. The time evolution of the stellar tidal disruption rate, the effect of tidal disruption on the stellar density profile, and, for the first time, the detailed origin of tidally disrupted stars are carefully examined and compared with classic papers in the field. Up to 128k particles are used in simulation to model the star cluster around a super massive black hole, and we use the particle number and the tidal radius of the black hole as free parameters for a scaling analysis. The transition from full to empty loss-cone is analyzed in our data, and the tidal disruption rate scales with the particle number, N, in the expected way for both cases. For the first time in numerical simulations (under certain conditions) we can support the concept of a critical radius of Frank and Rees, which claims that most stars are tidally accreted on highly eccentric orbits originating from regions far outside the tidal radius. Due to the consumption of stars moving on radial orbits, a velocity anisotropy is found inside the cluster. Finally we estimate the real galactic center based on our simulation results and the scaling analysis.

  5. Tidal Energy System for On-Shore Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce, Allan J

    2012-06-26

    Addressing the urgent need to develop LCOE competitive renewable energy solutions for US energy security and to replace fossil-fuel generation with the associated benefits to environment impacts including a reduction in CO2 emissions, this Project focused on the advantages of using hydraulic energy transfer (HET) in large-scale Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) systems for harvesting off-shore tidal energy in US waters. A recent DOE resource assessment, identifies water power resources have a potential to meet 15% of the US electric supply by 2030, with MHK technologies being a major component. The work covered a TRL-4 laboratory proof-in-concept demonstration plus modeling of a 15MW full scale system based on an approach patented by NASA-JPL, in which submerged high-ratio gearboxes and electrical generators in conventional MHK turbine systems are replaced by a submerged hydraulic radial pump coupled to on-shore hydraulic motors driving a generator. The advantages are; first, the mean-time-between-failure (MTBF), or maintenance, can be extended from approximately 1 to 5 years and second, the range of tidal flow speeds which can be efficiently harvested can be extended beyond that of a conventional submerged generator. The approach uses scalable, commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components, facilitating scale-up and commercialization. All the objectives of the Project have been successfully met (1) A TRL4 system was designed, constructed and tested. It simulates a tidal energy turbine, with a 2-m diameter blade in up to a 2.9 m/sec flow. The system consists of a drive motor assembly providing appropriate torque and RPM, attached to a radial piston pump. The pump circulates pressurized, environmentally-friendly, HEES hydraulic fluid in a closed loop to an axial piston motor which drives an electrical generator, with a resistive load. The performance of the components, subsystems and system were evaluated during simulated tidal cycles. The pump is contained in a tank for immersion testing. The COTS pump and motor were selected to scale to MW size and were oversized for the TRL-4 demonstration, operating at only 1-6% of rated values. Nevertheless, in for 2-18 kW drive power, in agreement with manufacturer performance data, we measured efficiencies of 85-90% and 75-80% for the pump and motor, respectively. These efficiencies being 95-96% at higher operating powers. (2) Two follow-on paths were identified. In both cases conventional turbine systems can be modified, replacing existing gear box and generator with a hydraulic pump and on-shore components. On a conventional path, a TRL5/6 15kW turbine system can be engineered and tested on a barge at an existing site in Maine. Alternatively, on an accelerated path, a TRL-8 100kW system can be engineered and tested by modifying a team member's existing MHK turbines, with barge and grid-connected test sites in-place. On both paths the work can be expedited and cost effective by reusing TRL-4 components, modifying existing turbines and using established test sites. (3) Sizing, performance modeling and costing of a scaled 15MW system, suitable for operation in Maine's Western Passage, was performed. COTS components are identified and the performance projections are favorable. The estimated LCOE is comparable to wind generation with peak production at high demand times. (4) We determined that a similar HET approach can be extended to on-shore and off-shore wind turbine systems. These are very large energy resources which can be addressed in parallel for even great National benefit. (5) Preliminary results on this project were presented at two International Conferences on renewable energy in 2012, providing a timely dissemination of information. We have thus demonstrated a proof-in-concept of a novel, tidal HET system that eliminates all submerged gears and electronics to improve reliability. Hydraulic pump efficiencies of 90% have been confirmed in simulated tidal flows between 1 and 3 m/s, and at only 1-6% of rated power. Total system efficiencies have also been modeled, up to MW-scale, for tidal, and wind, systems. Projected efficiencies are between 81% (full rated flow) and 86% (1/3 rated flow). This high efficiency in a wide operating range compares favorably with conventional systems having a performance range of 87% (full rated flow) to 0% (1/3 rated flow) efficiency. An accelerated path to commercialization is identified, leveraging conventional MHK system technology and COTS components to meet the urgent need for renewable energy generation.

  6. ENHANCED OFF-CENTER STELLAR TIDAL DISRUPTIONS BY SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN MERGING GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, F. K.; Chen, Xian E-mail: chenxian@pku.edu.cn

    2013-04-10

    Off-center stellar tidal disruption flares have been suggested to be a powerful probe of recoiling supermassive black holes (SMBHs) out of galactic centers due to anisotropic gravitational wave radiations. However, off-center tidal flares can also be produced by SMBHs in merging galaxies. In this paper, we computed the tidal flare rates by dual SMBHs in two merging galaxies before the SMBHs become self-gravitationally bounded. We employ an analytical model to calculate the tidal loss-cone feeding rates for both SMBHs, taking into account two-body relaxation of stars, tidal perturbations by the companion galaxy, and chaotic stellar orbits in triaxial gravitational potential. We show that for typical SMBHs with masses 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun }, the loss-cone feeding rates are enhanced by mergers up to {Gamma} {approx} 10{sup -2} yr{sup -1}, about two orders of magnitude higher than those by single SMBHs in isolated galaxies and about four orders of magnitude higher than those by recoiling SMBHs. The enhancements are mainly due to tidal perturbations by the companion galaxy. We suggest that off-center tidal flares are overwhelmed by those from merging galaxies, making the identification of recoiling SMBHs challenging. Based on the calculated rates, we estimate the relative contributions of tidal flare events by single, binary, and dual SMBH systems during cosmic time. Our calculations show that the off-center tidal disruption flares by un-bound SMBHs in merging galaxies contribute a fraction comparable to that by single SMBHs in isolated galaxies. We conclude that off-center tidal disruptions are powerful tracers of the merging history of galaxies and SMBHs.

  7. Tidal Residual Eddies and their Effect on Water Exchange in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping

    2013-08-30

    Tidal residual eddies are one of the important hydrodynamic features in tidally dominant estuaries and coastal bays, and they could have significant effects on water exchange in a tidal system. This paper presents a modeling study of tides and tidal residual eddies in Puget Sound, a tidally dominant fjord-like estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast, using a three-dimensional finite-volume coastal ocean model. Mechanisms of vorticity generation and asymmetric distribution patterns around an island/headland were analyzed using the dynamic vorticity transfer approach and numerical experiments. Model results of Puget Sound show that a number of large twin tidal residual eddies exist in the Admiralty Inlet because of the presence of major headlands in the inlet. Simulated residual vorticities near the major headlands indicate that the clockwise tidal residual eddy (negative vorticity) is generally stronger than the anticlockwise eddy (positive vorticity) because of the effect of Coriolis force. The effect of tidal residual eddies on water exchange in Puget Sound and its sub-basins were evaluated by simulations of dye transport. It was found that the strong transverse variability of residual currents in the Admiralty Inlet results in a dominant seaward transport along the eastern shore and a dominant landward transport along the western shore of the Inlet. A similar transport pattern in Hood Canal is caused by the presence of tidal residual eddies near the entrance of the canal. Model results show that tidal residual currents in Whidbey Basin are small in comparison to other sub-basins. A large clockwise residual circulation is formed around Vashon Island near entrance of South Sound, which can potentially constrain the water exchange between the Central Basin and South Sound.

  8. OPTICAL DISCOVERY OF PROBABLE STELLAR TIDAL DISRUPTION FLARES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Velzen, Sjoert; Farrar, Glennys R.; Gezari, Suvi; Morrell, Nidia; Zaritsky, Dennis; Oestman, Linda; Smith, Mathew; Gelfand, Joseph; Drake, Andrew J.

    2011-11-10

    Using archival Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) multi-epoch imaging data (Stripe 82), we have searched for the tidal disruption of stars by supermassive black holes in non-active galaxies. Two candidate tidal disruption events (TDEs) are identified. The TDE flares have optical blackbody temperatures of 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} K and observed peak luminosities of M{sub g} = -18.3 and -20.4 ({nu}L{sub {nu}} = 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 42}, 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 43} erg s{sup -1}, in the rest frame); their cooling rates are very low, qualitatively consistent with expectations for tidal disruption flares. The properties of the TDE candidates are examined using (1) SDSS imaging to compare them to other flares observed in the search, (2) UV emission measured by GALEX, and (3) spectra of the hosts and of one of the flares. Our pipeline excludes optically identifiable AGN hosts, and our variability monitoring over nine years provides strong evidence that these are not flares in hidden AGNs. The spectra and color evolution of the flares are unlike any SN observed to date, their strong late-time UV emission is particularly distinctive, and they are nuclear at high resolution arguing against these being first cases of a previously unobserved class of SNe or more extreme examples of known SN types. Taken together, the observed properties are difficult to reconcile with an SN or an AGN-flare explanation, although an entirely new process specific to the inner few hundred parsecs of non-active galaxies cannot be excluded. Based on our observed rate, we infer that hundreds or thousands of TDEs will be present in current and next-generation optical synoptic surveys. Using the approach outlined here, a TDE candidate sample with O(1) purity can be selected using geometric resolution and host and flare color alone, demonstrating that a campaign to create a large sample of TDEs, with immediate and detailed multi-wavelength follow-up, is feasible. A by-product of this work is quantification of the power spectrum of extreme flares in AGNs.

  9. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  10. The respiratory health and lung function of Anglo-American children in a smelter town

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodge, R.

    1983-02-01

    Cooper smelters are large, usually isolated, sources of air pollution. Arizona has several such plants on the periphery of small communities. The smelters emit predominantly sulfur oxides and particulates, and the residents of these communities intermittently are exposed to high concentrations (24-h sulfur dioxide (SO2) . 250 to 500 micrograms/m3) of smelter smoke but little other pollution. This study compared the respiratory health of Anglo-American school children who lived in one smelter community with children living in another small community in Arizona that was free of smelter air pollution. The prevalence of cough, as determined by questionnaire, was 25.6% in the smelter town children and 14.3% in the nonsmelter town children (p less than 0.05). Pulmonary function at the study onset was equal in the two groups. Over the course of the 4 yr of study, lung function growth (measured as actual forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) after 4 yr of study minus predicted FEV1) was also equal in the smelter town and nonsmelter town children. These results suggest that children in smelter communities have slightly more cough when compared with children living in other communities, but no differences in initial lung function or lung function at yearly testing over the period of the study.

  11. Active Flow Control on Bidirectional Rotors for Tidal MHK Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shiu, Henry; van Dam, Cornelis P.

    2013-08-22

    A marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) tidal turbine extracts energy from tidal currents, providing clean, sustainable electricity generation. In general, all MHK conversion technologies are confronted with significant operational hurdles, resulting in both increased capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs. To counter these high costs while maintaining reliability, MHK turbine designs can be simplified. Prior study found that a tidal turbine could be cost-effectively simplified by removing blade pitch and rotor/nacelle yaw. Its rotor would run in one direction during ebb and then reverse direction when the current switched to flood. We dubbed such a turbine a bidirectional rotor tidal turbine (BRTT). The bidirectional hydrofoils of a BRTT are less efficient than conventional hydrofoils and capture less energy, but the elimination of the pitch and yaw systems were estimated to reduce levelized cost of energy by 7.8%-9.6%. In this study, we investigated two mechanisms for recapturing some of the performance shortfall of the BRTT. First, we developed a novel set of hydrofoils, designated the yy series, for BRTT application. Second, we investigated the use of active flow control via microtabs. Microtabs are small deployable/retractable tabs, typically located near the leading or trailing edge of an air/hydrofoil with height on the order of the boundary layer thickness (1% - 2% of chord). They deploy approximately perpendicularly to the foil surface and, like gurney flaps and plain flaps, globally affect the aerodynamics of the airfoil. By strategically placing microtabs and selectively deploying them based on the direction of the inflow, performance of a BRTT rotor can be improved while retaining bidirectional operation. The yy foils were computationally designed and analyzed. They exhibited better performance than the baseline bidirectional foil, the ellipse. For example, the yyb07cn-180 had 14.7% higher (l/d)max than an ellipse of equal thickness. The yyb07cn family also had higher c{sub p,min} than equivalently thick ellipses, indicating less susceptibility to cavitation. Microtabs applied on yy foils demonstrated improved energy capture. A series of variable speed and constant speed rotors were developed with the yyb07cn family of hydrofoils. The constant speed yyb07cn rotor (yy-B02-Rcs,opt) captured 0.45% more energy than the equivalent rotor with ellipses (e-B02-Rcs,opt). With microtabs deployed (yyμt-B02-Rcs,opt), the energy capture increase over the rotor with ellipses was 1.05%. Note, however, that microtabs must be applied judiciously to bidirectional foils. On the 18% thick ellipse, performance decreased with the addition of microtabs. Details of hydrofoil performance, microtab sizing and positioning, rotor configurations, and revenue impacts are presented herein.

  12. Building America Case Study: New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center, Denver, Colorado (Brochure), Whole-House Solutions for New Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center Denver, Colorado GENERAL INFORMATION Builder: New Town Builders of Denver, Colorado; newtownbuilders.com Established: 1992 Construction: New home Type: Single-family, zero energy SELLING TO EMOTIONS... New Town Builders is capturing homebuyers' emotions to sell its homes and to effectively demonstrate their value. A few examples of New Town's strategies follow: * Use a person who resembles the customer's ideal to advertise the product. * Emphasize

  13. Multiscale heterogeneity characterization of tidal channel, tidal delta and foreshore facies, Almond Formation outcrops, Rock Springs uplift, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schatzinger, R.A.; Tomutsa, L.

    1997-08-01

    In order to accurately predict fluid flow within a reservoir, variability in the rock properties at all scales relevant to the specific depositional environment needs to be taken into account. The present work describes rock variability at scales from hundreds of meters (facies level) to millimeters (laminae) based on outcrop studies of the Almond Formation. Tidal channel, tidal delta and foreshore facies were sampled on the eastern flank of the Rock Springs uplift, southeast of Rock Springs, Wyoming. The Almond Fm. was deposited as part of a mesotidal Upper Cretaceous transgressive systems tract within the greater Green River Basin. Bedding style, lithology, lateral extent of beds of bedsets, bed thickness, amount and distribution of depositional clay matrix, bioturbation and grain sorting provide controls on sandstone properties that may vary more than an order of magnitude within and between depositional facies in outcrops of the Almond Formation. These features can be mapped on the scale of an outcrop. The products of diagenesis such as the relative timing of carbonate cement, scale of cemented zones, continuity of cemented zones, selectively leached framework grains, lateral variability of compaction of sedimentary rock fragments, and the resultant pore structure play an equally important, although less predictable role in determining rock property heterogeneity. A knowledge of the spatial distribution of the products of diagenesis such as calcite cement or compaction is critical to modeling variation even within a single facies in the Almond Fin. because diagenesis can enhance or reduce primary (depositional) rock property heterogeneity. Application of outcrop heterogeneity models to the subsurface is greatly hindered by differences in diagenesis between the two settings. The measurements upon which this study is based were performed both on drilled outcrop plugs and on blocks.

  14. On the Natural Frequency of Tidal Current Power Systems - A Discussion of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sea Testing (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect On the Natural Frequency of Tidal Current Power Systems - A Discussion of Sea Testing Citation Details In-Document Search Title: On the Natural Frequency of Tidal Current Power Systems - A Discussion of Sea Testing In order to study its wet natural frequency (in water) and dry frequency (in air), we conducted a two-year measurement campaign by deploying a full-scale prototype tidal current turbine system. A theoretical model is validated, and

  15. DOE in the News: Tidal Power in Maine on PBS Newshour | Department of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy DOE in the News: Tidal Power in Maine on PBS Newshour DOE in the News: Tidal Power in Maine on PBS Newshour September 18, 2013 - 11:54am Addthis The Water Power Program received national TV exposure on the September 15th episode of "PBS Newshour Weekend" for its pioneering tidal power project in the state of Maine with Ocean Renewable Power Corporation (ORPC). The Newshour segment, featuring an interview with Jose Zayas, focuses on the deployment of ORPC's TidGen device in

  16. Measurement of the rate of stellar tidal disruption flares

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Velzen, Sjoert

    2014-09-01

    We report an observational estimate of the rate of stellar tidal disruption flares (TDFs) in inactive galaxies based on a successful search for these events among transients in galaxies using archival Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) multi-epoch imaging data (Stripe 82). This search yielded 186 nuclear flares in galaxies, 2 of which are excellent TDF candidates. Because of the systematic nature of the search, the very large number of galaxies, the long time of observation, and the fact that non-TDFs were excluded without resorting to assumptions about TDF characteristics, this study provides an unparalleled opportunity to measure the TDF rate. To compute the rate of optical stellar tidal disruption events, we simulate our entire pipeline to obtain the efficiency of detection. The rate depends on the light curves of TDFs, which are presently still poorly constrained. Using only the observed part of the SDSS light curves gives a model-independent upper limit to the optical TDF rate, N-dot <210{sup ?4} yr{sup ?1} galaxy{sup ?1} (90% CL), under the assumption that the SDSS TDFs are representative examples. We develop three empirical models of the light curves based on the two SDSS light curves and two more recent and better-sampled Pan-STARRS TDF light curves, leading to our best estimate of the rate: N-dot {sub TDF}=(1.5--2.0){sub ?1.3}{sup +2.7}10{sup ?5} yr{sup ?1} galaxy{sup ?1}. We explore the modeling uncertainties by considering two theoretically motivated light curve models, as well as two different relationships between black hole mass and galaxy luminosity, and two different treatments of the cutoff in the visibility of TDFs at large M {sub BH}. From this we conclude that these sources of uncertainty are not significantly larger than the statistical ones. Our results are applicable for galaxies hosting black holes with mass in the range of a few 10{sup 6}-10{sup 8} M {sub ?}, and translates to a volumetric TDF rate of (4-8) 10{sup 80.4} yr{sup 1} Mpc{sup 3}, with the statistical uncertainty in the exponent.

  17. Snohomish PUD No 1 (TRL 7 8 System) - Puget Sound Pilot Tidal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sunlight Photonics (TRL 4 System) - Tidal Energy System for On-shore Power Generation Vortex Hydro Energy (TRL 5 6 System) - Advanced Integration of Power Take-Off in VIVACE

  18. Microsoft Word - RM1_Tidal Turbine_NREL Bir, Lawson, Li_2011...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2011 June 19-24, 20111, Rotterdam, the Netherland OMAE2011-50063 STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE ...

  19. Status of Wave and Tidal Power Technologies for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Musial, W.

    2008-08-01

    This paper presents the status of marine applications for renewable energy as of 2008 from a U.S. perspective. Technologies examined include wave, tidal, and ocean current energy extraction devices.

  20. Millimeter wave detection via Autler-Townes splitting in rubidium Rydberg atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Joshua A. Holloway, Christopher L.; Schwarzkopf, Andrew; Anderson, Dave A.; Miller, Stephanie; Thaicharoen, Nithiwadee; Raithel, Georg

    2014-07-14

    In this paper, we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in {sup 85}Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an independent, atom-based, SI-traceable method for measuring mm-wave electric fields, which addresses a gap in current calibration techniques in the mm-wave regime. The electric-field amplitude within a rubidium vapor cell in the WR-10 wave guide band is measured for frequencies of 93.71 GHz and 104.77?GHz. Relevant aspects of Autler-Townes splitting originating from a four-level electromagnetically induced transparency scheme are discussed. We measured the E-field generated by an open-ended waveguide using this technique. Experimental results are compared to a full-wave finite element simulation.

  1. Microsoft Word - RM1_Tidal Turbine_NREL Bir, Lawson, Li_2011 1.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2011 June 19-24, 20111, Rotterdam, the Netherland OMAE2011-50063 STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE COMPOSITE BLADE ABSTRACT This paper describes the structural design of a tidal turbine composite blade. The structural design is preceded by two steps: hydrodynamic design and determination of extreme loads. The hydrodynamic design provides the blade external

  2. Microsoft Word - RM1_Tidal Turbine_NREL Lawson, Li Y, Sale_2011-Abstract.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering OMAE2011 June 19-24, 2011, Rotterdam, The Netherlands OMAE2011-49863 DEVELOPMENT AND VERIFICATION OF A COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS MODEL OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE ABSTRACT This paper describes the development of a computational uid dynamics (CFD) methodology to simulate the hydrodynamics of horizontal-axis tidal current turbines (HATTs). First, an HATT blade was designed using the blade

  3. Energy Department Invests $16 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal Energy |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy 6 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal Energy Energy Department Invests $16 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal Energy August 29, 2013 - 2:35pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to deploy every available source of American energy, the Energy Department today announced $16 million for seventeen projects to help sustainably and efficiently capture energy from waves, tides and currents.

  4. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2013: New Town Builders, Denver, CO

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Town Builders Denver, CO BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to give you superior

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - Town Hall Slides 5-15-14 rev.0

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    15, 2014 Meeting Agenda * Opening Comments - Mayor Janway * Panel Member Introductions - John Heaton (Moderator) * CBFO Manager Remarks - Dana Bryson * Update on Phase 3 Activities - Tammy Reynolds * May 10 Entry * Today's Entry * Ventilation System Status * Close-out of Bioassay Program - Jim Stafford * Audience Questions * One question at a time please OPENING COMMENTS Dana Bryson, CBFO Deputy Manager This Week's Events * Joe Franco in Washington * Town Hall Agenda * May 10 and May 15 Entries

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - Town_Hall_Slides_3_5_15_Final

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carlsbad Town Hall Meeting Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and the City of Carlsbad, NM March 5, 2015 www.energy.gov/EM 2 Agenda * Opening Comments - Mayor Dale Janway * Update on CBFO and WIPP activities - Dana Bryson * Recovery Status - Tammy Reynolds * Radiological Contamination - Jim Blankenhorn * Audience Questions * In house * Internet * Closing Comments - Dana Bryson www.energy.gov/EM 3 Update on CBFO and WIPP Activities Dana Bryson, CBFO Deputy Manager www.energy.gov/EM 4 *

  7. WATER TRAPPING ON TIDALLY LOCKED TERRESTRIAL PLANETS REQUIRES SPECIAL CONDITIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Jun; Abbot, Dorian S.; Liu, Yonggang; Hu, Yongyun

    2014-12-01

    Surface liquid water is essential for standard planetary habitability. Calculations of atmospheric circulation on tidally locked planets around M stars suggest that this peculiar orbital configuration lends itself to the trapping of large amounts of water in kilometers-thick ice on the night side, potentially removing all liquid water from the day side where photosynthesis is possible. We study this problem using a global climate model including coupled atmosphere, ocean, land, and sea ice components as well as a continental ice sheet model driven by the climate model output. For a waterworld, we find that surface winds transport sea ice toward the day side and the ocean carries heat toward the night side. As a result, nightside sea ice remains O(10m) thick and nightside water trapping is insignificant. If a planet has large continents on its night side, they can grow ice sheets O(1000m) thick if the geothermal heat flux is similar to Earth's or smaller. Planets with a water complement similar to Earth's would therefore experience a large decrease in sea level when plate tectonics drives their continents onto the night side, but would not experience complete dayside dessiccation. Only planets with a geothermal heat flux lower than Earth's, much of their surface covered by continents, and a surface water reservoir O(10%) of Earth's would be susceptible to complete water trapping.

  8. FAINT TIDAL FEATURES IN GALAXIES WITHIN THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY WIDE FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, Adam M.; Abraham, Roberto G.; Ferguson, Annette M. N.

    2013-03-01

    We present an analysis of the detectability of faint tidal features in galaxies from the wide-field component of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey. Our sample consists of 1781 luminous (M{sub r{sup '}}<-19.3 mag) galaxies in the magnitude range 15.5 mag < r' < 17 mag and in the redshift range 0.04 < z < 0.2. Although we have classified tidal features according to their morphology (e.g., streams, shells, and tails), we do not attempt to interpret them in terms of their physical origin (e.g., major versus minor merger debris). Instead, we provide a catalog that is intended to provide raw material for future investigations which will probe the nature of low surface brightness substructure around galaxies. We find that around 12% of the galaxies in our sample show clear tidal features at the highest confidence level. This fraction rises to about 18% if we include systems with convincing, albeit weaker tidal features, and to 26% if we include systems with more marginal features that may or may not be tidal in origin. These proportions are a strong function of rest-frame color and of stellar mass. Linear features, shells, and fans are much more likely to occur in massive galaxies with stellar masses >10{sup 10.5} M {sub Sun }, and red galaxies are twice as likely to show tidal features than are blue galaxies.

  9. Evolution of accretion disks in tidal disruption events

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Rong-Feng; Matzner, Christopher D. E-mail: matzner@astro.utoronto.ca

    2014-04-01

    During a stellar tidal disruption event (TDE), an accretion disk forms as stellar debris returns to the disruption site and circularizes. Rather than being confined within the circularizing radius, the disk can spread to larger radii to conserve angular momentum. A spreading disk is a source of matter for re-accretion at rates that may exceed the later stellar fallback rate, although a disk wind can suppress its contribution to the central black hole accretion rate. A spreading disk is detectible through a break in the central accretion rate history or, at longer wavelengths, by its own emission. We model the evolution of TDE disk size and accretion rate by accounting for the time-dependent fallback rate, for the influence of wind losses in the early advective stage, and for the possibility of thermal instability for accretion rates intermediate between the advection-dominated and gas-pressure-dominated states. The model provides a dynamic basis for modeling TDE light curves. All or part of a young TDE disk will precess as a solid body because of the Lense-Thirring effect, and precession may manifest itself as a quasi-periodic modulation of the light curve. The precession period increases with time. Applying our results to the jetted TDE candidate Swift J1644+57, whose X-ray light curve shows numerous quasi-periodic dips, we argue that the data best fit a scenario in which a main-sequence star was fully disrupted by an intermediate mass black hole on an orbit significantly inclined from the black hole equator, with the apparent jet shutoff at t = 500 days corresponding to a disk transition from the advective state to the gas-pressure-dominated state.

  10. Dispersion mechanisms of a tidal river junction in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, California

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gleichauf, Karla T.; Wolfram, Philip J.; Monsen, Nancy E.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Monismith, Stephen G.

    2014-12-17

    In branching channel networks, such as in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, junction flow dynamics contribute to dispersion of ecologically important entities such as fish, pollutants, nutrients, salt, sediment, and phytoplankton. Flow transport through a junction largely arises from velocity phasing in the form of divergent flow between junction channels for a portion of the tidal cycle. Field observations in the Georgiana Slough junction, which is composed of the North and South Mokelumne rivers, Georgiana Slough, and the Mokelumne River, show that flow phasing differences between these rivers arise from operational, riverine, and tidal forcing. A combination of Acoustic Dopplermore » Current Profile (ADCP) boat transecting and moored ADCPs over a spring–neap tidal cycle (May to June 2012) monitored the variability of spatial and temporal velocity, respectively. Two complementary drifter studies enabled assessment of local transport through the junction to identify small-scale intrajunction dynamics. We supplemented field results with numerical simulations using the SUNTANS model to demonstrate the importance of phasing offsets for junction transport and dispersion. Different phasing of inflows to the junction resulted in scalar patchiness that is characteristic of MacVean and Stacey’s (2011) advective tidal trapping. Furthermore, we observed small-scale junction flow features including a recirculation zone and shear layer, which play an important role in intra-junction mixing over time scales shorter than the tidal cycle (i.e., super-tidal time scales). Thus, the study period spanned open- and closed-gate operations at the Delta Cross Channel. Synthesis of field observations and modeling efforts suggest that management operations related to the Delta Cross Channel can strongly affect transport in the Delta by modifying the relative contributions of tidal and riverine flows, thereby changing the junction flow phasing.« less

  11. Dispersion mechanisms of a tidal river junction in the SacramentoSan Joaquin Delta, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleichauf, Karla T.; Wolfram, Philip J.; Monsen, Nancy E.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Monismith, Stephen G.

    2014-12-17

    In branching channel networks, such as in the SacramentoSan Joaquin River Delta, junction flow dynamics contribute to dispersion of ecologically important entities such as fish, pollutants, nutrients, salt, sediment, and phytoplankton. Flow transport through a junction largely arises from velocity phasing in the form of divergent flow between junction channels for a portion of the tidal cycle. Field observations in the Georgiana Slough junction, which is composed of the North and South Mokelumne rivers, Georgiana Slough, and the Mokelumne River, show that flow phasing differences between these rivers arise from operational, riverine, and tidal forcing. A combination of Acoustic Doppler Current Profile (ADCP) boat transecting and moored ADCPs over a springneap tidal cycle (May to June 2012) monitored the variability of spatial and temporal velocity, respectively. Two complementary drifter studies enabled assessment of local transport through the junction to identify small-scale intrajunction dynamics. We supplemented field results with numerical simulations using the SUNTANS model to demonstrate the importance of phasing offsets for junction transport and dispersion. Different phasing of inflows to the junction resulted in scalar patchiness that is characteristic of MacVean and Staceys (2011) advective tidal trapping. Furthermore, we observed small-scale junction flow features including a recirculation zone and shear layer, which play an important role in intra-junction mixing over time scales shorter than the tidal cycle (i.e., super-tidal time scales). Thus, the study period spanned open- and closed-gate operations at the Delta Cross Channel. Synthesis of field observations and modeling efforts suggest that management operations related to the Delta Cross Channel can strongly affect transport in the Delta by modifying the relative contributions of tidal and riverine flows, thereby changing the junction flow phasing.

  12. Modeling of In-stream Tidal Energy Development and its Potential Effects in Tacoma Narrows, Washington, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea E.; Geerlofs, Simon H.

    2014-10-01

    Understanding and providing proactive information on the potential for tidal energy projects to cause changes to the physical system and to key water quality constituents in tidal waters is a necessary and cost-effective means to avoid costly regulatory involvement and late stage surprises in the permitting process. This paper presents a modeling study for evaluating the tidal energy extraction and its potential impacts on the marine environment in a real world site - Tacoma Narrows of Puget Sound, Washington State, USA. An unstructured-grid coastal ocean model, fitted with a module that simulates tidal energy devices, was applied to simulate the tidal energy extracted by different turbine array configurations and the potential effects of the extraction at local and system-wide scales in Tacoma Narrows and South Puget Sound. Model results demonstrated the advantage of an unstructured-grid model for simulating the far-field effects of tidal energy extraction in a large model domain, as well as assessing the near-field effect using a fine grid resolution near the tidal turbines. The outcome shows that a realistic near-term deployment scenario extracts a very small fraction of the total tidal energy in the system and that system wide environmental effects are not likely; however, near-field effects on the flow field and bed shear stress in the area of tidal turbine farm are more likely. Model results also indicate that from a practical standpoint, hydrodynamic or water quality effects are not likely to be the limiting factor for development of large commercial-scale tidal farms. Results indicate that very high numbers of turbines are required to significantly alter the tidal system; limitations on marine space or other environmental concerns are likely to be reached before reaching these deployment levels. These findings show that important information obtained from numerical modeling can be used to inform regulatory and policy processes for tidal energy development.

  13. Hyperfine Structure eind Exchange Narrowing^ C. H. Townes* and J. Turkevich**

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    structure eind Exc of Paramagnetic Resonance Hyperfine Structure eind Exchange Narrowing^ C. H. Townes* and J. Turkevich** Brookhaven NationaJ. Laboratory The free radical a., a-diphenyl p-picryl hydrazyl, {C^E^)^-liC^E^ (NO-)^* shows the strongest and narrowest electronic paramagnetic resonance absorption so far reported. This resonance was observed by its effect on the transmission of microwaves (frequency approxi- mately 2l4-,000 m.c.) through a TEQ, cavity with a small amount of the free

  14. BINARY DISRUPTION BY MASSIVE BLACK HOLES: HYPERVELOCITY STARS, S STARS, AND TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bromley, Benjamin C.; Kenyon, Scott J.; Geller, Margaret J.; Brown, Warren R. E-mail: skenyon@cfa.harvard.edu E-mail: wbrown@cfa.harvard.edu

    2012-04-20

    We examine whether disrupted binary stars can fuel black hole growth. In this mechanism, tidal disruption produces a single hypervelocity star (HVS) ejected at high velocity and a former companion star bound to the black hole. After a cluster of bound stars forms, orbital diffusion allows the black hole to accrete stars by tidal disruption at a rate comparable to the capture rate. In the Milky Way, HVSs and the S star cluster imply similar rates of 10{sup -5} to 10{sup -3} yr{sup -1} for binary disruption. These rates are consistent with estimates for the tidal disruption rate in nearby galaxies and imply significant black hole growth from disrupted binaries on 10 Gyr timescales.

  15. Gravitational waves from the collision of tidally disrupted stars with massive black holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    East, William E.

    2014-11-10

    We use simulations of hydrodynamics coupled with full general relativity to investigate the gravitational waves produced by a star colliding with a massive black hole when the star's tidal disruption radius lies far outside of the black hole horizon. We consider both main-sequence and white-dwarf compaction stars, and nonspinning black holes, as well as those with near-extremal spin. We study the regime in between where the star can be accurately modeled by a point particle, and where tidal effects completely suppress the gravitational wave signal. We find that nonnegligible gravitational waves can be produced even when the star is strongly affected by tidal forces, as well as when it collides with large angular momentum. We discuss the implications that these results have for the potential observation of gravitational waves from these sources with future detectors.

  16. Tidal dissipation in a homogeneous spherical body. II. Three examples: Mercury, Io, and Kepler-10 b

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Valeri V.; Efroimsky, Michael E-mail: michael.efroimsky@usno.navy.mil

    2014-11-01

    In Efroimsky and Makarov (Paper I), we derived from the first principles a formula for the tidal heating rate in a homogeneous sphere, compared it with the previously used formulae, and noted the differences. Now we present case studies: Mercury, Kepler-10 b, and a triaxial Io. A sharp frequency dependence of k {sub 2}/Q near spin-orbit resonances yields a sharp dependence of k {sub 2}/Q (and, therefore, of tidal heating) upon the spin rate. Thereby physical libration plays a major role in tidal heating of synchronously rotating planets. The magnitude of libration in the spin rate being defined by the planet's triaxiality, the latter becomes a factor determining the dissipation rate. Other parameters equal, a strongly triaxial synchronized body generates more heat than a similar body of a more symmetrical shape. After an initially triaxial object melts and loses its triaxiality, dissipation becomes less intensive; the body can solidify, with the tidal bulge becoming a new figure with triaxiality lower than the original. We derive approximate expressions for the dissipation rate in a Maxwell planet with the Maxwell time longer than the inverse tidal frequency. The expressions derived pertain to the 1:1 and 3:2 resonances and a nonresonant case; so they are applicable to most close-in super-Earths detected. In these planets, the heating outside synchronism is weakly dependent on the eccentricity and obliquity, provided both these parameters's values are moderate. According to our calculation, Kepler-10 b could hardly survive the intensive tidal heating without being synchronized, circularized, and reshaped through a complete or partial melt-down.

  17. Puget Sound Tidal Energy In-Water Testing and Development Project Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig W. Collar

    2012-11-16

    Tidal energy represents potential for the generation of renewable, emission free, environmentally benign, and cost effective energy from tidal flows. A successful tidal energy demonstration project in Puget Sound, Washington may enable significant commercial development resulting in important benefits for the northwest region and the nation. This project promoted the United States Department of Energy’s Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program’s goals of advancing the commercial viability, cost-competitiveness, and market acceptance of marine hydrokinetic systems. The objective of the Puget Sound Tidal Energy Demonstration Project is to conduct in-water testing and evaluation of tidal energy technology as a first step toward potential construction of a commercial-scale tidal energy power plant. The specific goal of the project phase covered by this award was to conduct all activities necessary to complete engineering design and obtain construction approvals for a pilot demonstration plant in the Admiralty Inlet region of the Puget Sound. Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County (The District) accomplished the objectives of this award through four tasks: Detailed Admiralty Inlet Site Studies, Plant Design and Construction Planning, Environmental and Regulatory Activities, and Management and Reporting. Pre-Installation studies completed under this award provided invaluable data used for site selection, environmental evaluation and permitting, plant design, and construction planning. However, these data gathering efforts are not only important to the Admiralty Inlet pilot project. Lessons learned, in particular environmental data gathering methods, can be applied to future tidal energy projects in the United States and other parts of the world. The District collaborated extensively with project stakeholders to complete the tasks for this award. This included Federal, State, and local government agencies, tribal governments, environmental groups, and others. All required permit and license applications were completed and submitted under this award, including a Final License Application for a pilot hydrokinetic license from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The tasks described above have brought the project through all necessary requirements to construct a tidal pilot project in Admiralty Inlet with the exception of final permit and license approvals, and the selection of a general contractor to perform project construction.

  18. Rhapsody: II. Subhalo Properties and the Impact of Tidal Stripping from a

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Statistical Sample of Cluster-Size Halos (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Rhapsody: II. Subhalo Properties and the Impact of Tidal Stripping from a Statistical Sample of Cluster-Size Halos Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Rhapsody: II. Subhalo Properties and the Impact of Tidal Stripping from a Statistical Sample of Cluster-Size Halos Authors: Wu, Hao-Yi ; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Michigan U. ; Hahn, Oliver ; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

  19. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: New Town Builders' Power of Zero Energy Center - Denver, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-10-01

    New Town Builders, a builder of energy efficient homes in Denver, Colorado, offers a zero energy option for all the homes it builds. To attract a wide range of potential homebuyers to its energy efficient homes, New Town Builders created a "Power of Zero Energy Center" linked to its model home in the Stapleton community. This case study presents New Town Builders' marketing approach, which is targeted to appeal to homebuyers' emotions rather than overwhelming homebuyers with scientific details about the technology. The exhibits in the Power of Zero Energy Center focus on reduced energy expenses for the homeowner, improved occupant comfort, the reputation of the builder, and the lack of sacrificing the homebuyers' desired design features to achieve zero net energy in the home. This case study also contains customer and realtor testimonials related to the effectiveness of the Center in influencing homebuyers to purchase a zero energy home.

  20. Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska FINAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Bruce Albert

    2014-05-07

    The Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association was awarded a U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program grant (DE-EE0005624) for the Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska (Project). The goal of the Project was to perform a feasibility study to determine if a tidal energy project would be a viable means to generate electricity and heat to meet long-term fossil fuel use reduction goals, specifically to produce at least 30% of the electrical and heating needs of the tribally-owned buildings in False Pass. The Project Team included the Aleut Region organizations comprised of the Aleutian Pribilof Island Association (APIA), and Aleutian Pribilof Island Community Development Association (APICDA); the University of Alaska Anchorage, ORPC Alaska a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC), City of False Pass, Benthic GeoScience, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The following Project objectives were completed: collected existing bathymetric, tidal, and ocean current data to develop a basic model of current circulation at False Pass, measured current velocities at two sites for a full lunar cycle to establish the viability of the current resource, collected data on transmission infrastructure, electrical loads, and electrical generation at False Pass, performed economic analysis based on current costs of energy and amount of energy anticipated from and costs associated with the tidal energy project conceptual design and scoped environmental issues. Utilizing circulation modeling, the Project Team identified two target sites with strong potential for robust tidal energy resources in Isanotski Strait and another nearer the City of False Pass. In addition, the Project Team completed a survey of the electrical infrastructure, which identified likely sites of interconnection and clarified required transmission distances from the tidal energy resources. Based on resource and electrical data, the Project Team developed a conceptual tidal energy project design utilizing ORPC’s TidGen® Power System. While the Project Team has not committed to ORPC technology for future development of a False Pass project, this conceptual design was critical to informing the Project’s economic analysis. The results showed that power from a tidal energy project could be provided to the City of False at a rate at or below the cost of diesel generated electricity and sold to commercial customers at rates competitive with current market rates, providing a stable, flat priced, environmentally sound alternative to the diesel generation currently utilized for energy in the community. The Project Team concluded that with additional grants and private investment a tidal energy project at False Pass is well-positioned to be the first tidal energy project to be developed in Alaska, and the first tidal energy project to be interconnected to an isolated micro grid in the world. A viable project will be a model for similar projects in coastal Alaska.

  1. Phases of QCD: Summary of the Rutgers Long Range Plan Town Meeting, January 12-14, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobs, Peter; Kharzeev, Dmitri; Muller, Berndt; Nagle, Jamie; Rajagopal, Krishna; Vigdor, Steve

    2007-05-14

    This White Paper summarizes the outcome of the Town Meeting on Phases of QCD that took place January 12-14, 2007 at Rutgers University, as part of the NSAC 2007 Long Range Planning process. The meeting was held in conjunction with the Town Meeting on Hadron Structure, including a full day of joint plenary sessions of the two meetings. Appendix A.1 contains the meeting agenda. This Executive Summary presents the prioritized recommendations that were determined at the meeting. Subsequent chapters present the essential background to the recommendations. While this White Paper is not a scholarly article and contains few references, it is intended to provide the non-expert reader

  2. Tune In To Our Online Town Hall With Sec. Chu at 12:45PM EST | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy Tune In To Our Online Town Hall With Sec. Chu at 12:45PM EST Tune In To Our Online Town Hall With Sec. Chu at 12:45PM EST January 26, 2011 - 8:35am Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs During the State of the Union address last night, President Obama placed the national spotlight on clean energy, saying that "we need to out-innovate, out-educate, and out-build the rest of the world," and that we must invest in

  3. The record of sea level rise by tidal sand bodies of the English Channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berne, S; Lericolais, G. (Ifremer, Plouzane, (France)); Lafont, F. (Universite d'Orsay (France))

    1990-05-01

    Improvements of very high resolution seismic reflection provide new information about internal structures of modern sand bodies. This allows us to reconstruct their recent history, which is related to the Holocene sea level rise. A major distinction is found between inner shelf sand bodies, dominated by autocyclic processes, and outer shelf sand bodies, where allocyclic processes are invoked to explain the apparent contradiction between internal structures and present-day dynamics. On the inner shelf, evidence of the migration of tidal dunes (sand waves) has been obtained by repeated surveys using accurate positioning systems. Major bounding surfaces are thought to result from the action of tidal current and/or from episodic storms. A rough estimation of the age of these sand bodies can be proposed. On the outer shelf, some dunes of the English Channel exhibit cross-beds indicative of a past net bed-load transport at the opposite of present days dynamics, inherited from different tidal conditions when sea level was between 20 and 40 m lower. Some large tidal sand banks (e.g., the Sark Bank near the Channel Islands) display a more complicated pattern. The upper part of the sand bank is the result of the migration of very large dunes climbing at positive angles, whereas the lower part shows major erosional surfaces, attributed to the action of storms during lower sea levels.

  4. TIDAL INTERACTION AS THE ORIGIN OF EARLY-TYPE DWARF GALAXIES IN GROUP ENVIRONMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paudel, Sanjaya; Ree, Chang H.

    2014-11-20

    We present a sample of dwarf galaxies that suffer ongoing disruption by the tidal forces of nearby massive galaxies. By analyzing structural and stellar population properties using the archival imaging and spectroscopic data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), we find that they are likely a ''smoking gun'' example of the formation through tidal stirring of early-type dwarf galaxies (dEs) in the galaxy group environment. The inner cores of these galaxies are fairly intact and the observed light profiles are well fit by the Srsic functions while the tidally stretched stellar halos are prominent in the outer parts. They are all located within a sky-projected distance of 50 kpc from the centers of the host galaxies and no dwarf galaxies have relative line-of-sight velocities larger than 205 km s{sup 1} to their hosts. We derive the Composite Stellar Population properties of these galaxies by fitting the SDSS optical spectra to a multiple-burst composite stellar population model. We find that these galaxies accumulate a significant fraction of stellar mass within the last 1 Gyr and contain a majority stellar population with an intermediate age of 2 to 4 Gyr. Based on this evidence, we argue that tidal stirring, particularly through the galaxy-galaxy interaction, might have an important role in the formation and evolution of dEs in the group environment where the influence of other gas stripping mechanism might be limited.

  5. OCCULTATION OF THE T TAURI STAR RW AURIGAE A BY ITS TIDALLY DISRUPTED DISK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Joseph E.; Stassun, Keivan G.; Pepper, Joshua; Siverd, Robert J.; Cargile, Phillip; Beatty, Thomas G.; Gaudi, B. Scott

    2013-11-01

    RW Aur A is a classical T Tauri star, believed to have undergone a reconfiguration of its circumstellar environment as a consequence of a recent flyby of its stellar companion, RW Aur B. This interaction stripped away part of the circumstellar disk of RW Aur A, leaving a tidally disrupted ''arm'' and a short truncated circumstellar disk. We present photometric observations of the RW Aur system from the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope survey showing a long and deep dimming that occurred from 2010 September until 2011 March. The dimming has a depth of ?2 mag, a duration of ?180 days, and was confirmed by archival observations from American Association of Variable Star Observers. We suggest that this event is the result of a portion of the tidally disrupted disk occulting RW Aur A, specifically a fragment of the tidally disrupted arm. The calculated transverse linear velocity of the occulter is in excellent agreement with the measured relative radial velocity of the tidally disrupted arm. Using simple kinematic and geometric arguments, we show that the occulter cannot be a feature of the RW Aur A circumstellar disk, and we consider and discount other hypotheses. We also place constraints on the thickness and semimajor axis of the portion of the arm that occulted the star.

  6. Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska FINAL REPORT Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association, Inc. U.S. Department of Energy, Renewable Energy Development and Deployment in Indian Country: DE-EE0005624.000 Bruce Wright, Principal Investigator 2 CONTENTS Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................ 3 Project

  7. Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Worthington, Monty

    2014-02-05

    Cook Inlet, Alaska is home to some of the greatest tidal energy resources in the U.S., as well as an endangered population of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Successfully permitting and operating a tidal power project in Cook Inlet requires a biological assessment of the potential and realized effects of the physical presence and sound footprint of tidal turbines on the distribution, relative abundance, and behavior of Cook Inlet beluga whales. ORPC Alaska, working with the Project Team—LGL Alaska Research Associates, University of Alaska Anchorage, TerraSond, and Greeneridge Science—undertook the following U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) study to characterize beluga whales in Cook Inlet – Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with the Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project (Project). ORPC Alaska, LLC, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ocean Renewable Power Company, LLC, (collectively, ORPC). ORPC is a global leader in the development of hydrokinetic power systems and eco-conscious projects that harness the power of ocean and river currents to create clean, predictable renewable energy. ORPC is developing a tidal energy demonstration project in Cook Inlet at East Foreland where ORPC has a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) preliminary permit (P-13821). The Project collected baseline data to characterize pre-deployment patterns of marine mammal distribution, relative abundance, and behavior in ORPC’s proposed deployment area at East Foreland. ORPC also completed work near Fire Island where ORPC held a FERC preliminary permit (P-12679) until March 6, 2013. Passive hydroacoustic devices (previously utilized with bowhead whales in the Beaufort Sea) were adapted for study of beluga whales to determine the relative abundance of beluga whale vocalizations within the proposed deployment areas. Hydroacoustic data collected during the Project were used to characterize the ambient acoustic environment of the project site pre-deployment to inform the FERC pilot project process. The Project compared results obtained from this method to results obtained from other passive hydrophone technologies and to visual observation techniques performed simultaneously. This Final Report makes recommendations on the best practice for future data collection, for ORPC’s work in Cook Inlet specifically, and for tidal power projects in general. This Project developed a marine mammal study design and compared technologies for hydroacoustic and visual data collection with potential for broad application to future tidal and hydrokinetic projects in other geographic areas. The data collected for this Project will support the environmental assessment of future Cook Inlet tidal energy projects, including ORPC’s East Foreland Tidal Energy Project and any tidal energy developments at Fire Island. The Project’s rigorous assessment of technology and methodologies will be invaluable to the hydrokinetic industry for developing projects in an environmentally sound and sustainable way for areas with high marine mammal activity or endangered populations. By combining several different sampling methods this Project will also contribute to the future preparation of a comprehensive biological assessment of ORPC’s projects in Cook Inlet.

  8. THE TIDAL DISRUPTION OF GIANT STARS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THE FLARING SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLE POPULATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacLeod, Morgan; Guillochon, James; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico E-mail: jfg@ucolick.org

    2012-10-01

    Sun-like stars are thought to be regularly disrupted by supermassive black holes (SMBHs) within galactic nuclei. Yet, as stars evolve off the main sequence their vulnerability to tidal disruption increases drastically as they develop a bifurcated structure consisting of a dense core and a tenuous envelope. Here we present the first hydrodynamic simulations of the tidal disruption of giant stars and show that the core has a substantial influence on the star's ability to survive the encounter. Stars with more massive cores retain large fractions of their envelope mass, even in deep encounters. Accretion flares resulting from the disruption of giant stars should last for tens to hundreds of years. Their characteristic signature in transient searches would not be the t {sup -5/3} decay typically associated with tidal disruption events, but a correlated rise over many orders of magnitude in brightness on timescales of months to years. We calculate the relative disruption rates of stars of varying evolutionary stages in typical galactic centers, then use our results to produce Monte Carlo realizations of the expected flaring event populations. We find that the demographics of tidal disruption flares are strongly dependent on both stellar and black hole mass, especially near the limiting SMBH mass scale of {approx}10{sup 8} M{sub Sun }. At this black hole mass, we predict a sharp transition in the SMBH flaring diet beyond which all observable disruptions arise from evolved stars, accompanied by a dramatic cutoff in the overall tidal disruption flaring rate. Black holes less massive than this limiting mass scale will show observable flares from both main-sequence and evolved stars, with giants contributing up to 10% of the event rate. The relative fractions of stars disrupted at different evolutionary states can constrain the properties and distributions of stars in galactic nuclei other than our own.

  9. Two-dimensional water quality modeling of Town Creek embayment on Guntersville Reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bender, M.D.; Shiao, Ming C.; Hauser, G.E. . Engineering Lab.); Butkus, S.R. . Water Quality Dept.)

    1990-09-01

    TVA investigated water quality of Town Creek embayment using a branched two-dimensional model of Guntersville Reservoir. Simulation results were compared in terms of algal biomass, nutrient concentrations, and volume of embayment with depleted dissolved oxygen. Stratification and flushing play a significant role in the embayment water quality. Storms introduce large loadings of organics, nutrients, and suspended solids. Dissolved oxygen depletion is most severe after storms followed by low flow that fails to flush the embayment. Embayment water quality responses to potential animal waste and erosion controls were explored. Modeling indicated animal waste controls were much more cost-effective than erosion controls. Erosion controls will decrease embayment suspended solids and thereby increase algal biomass due to greater light penetration. 29 refs., 16 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. TRENDS IN DWARF EARLY-TYPE KINEMATICS WITH CLUSTER-CENTRIC RADIUS DRIVEN BY TIDAL STIRRING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, A. J.; Toloba, E.; Simon, J. D.; Mayer, L.; Guhathakurta, P.

    2015-02-01

    We model the dynamics of dwarf early-type galaxies in the Virgo cluster when subject to a variety of environmental processes. We focus on how these processes imprint trends in the dynamical state (rotational versus pressure support as measured by the λ{sub Re/2}{sup ∗} statistic) with projected distance from the cluster center, and compare these results to observational estimates. We find a large scatter in the gradient of λ{sub Re/2}{sup ∗} with projected radius. A statistical analysis shows that models with no environmental effects produce gradients as steep as those observed in none of the 100 cluster realizations we consider, while in a model incorporating tidal stirring by the cluster potential 34% of realizations produce gradients as steep as that observed. Our results suggest that tidal stirring may be the cause of the observed radial dependence of dwarf early-type dynamics in galaxy clusters.

  11. Tidal disruptions in circumbinary disks. II. Observational signatures in the reverberation spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brem, P.; Amaro-Seoane, P.; Cuadra, J.; Komossa, S.

    2014-09-10

    Supermassive binary black holes (SMBBHs) with sub-pc separations form in the course of galaxy mergers, if both galaxies harbor massive black holes. Clear observational evidence for them however still eludes us. We propose a novel method of identifying these systems by means of reverberation mapping their circumbinary disk after a tidal disruption event has ionized it. The tidal disruption of a star at the secondary leads to strong asymmetries in the disk response. We model the shape of the velocity-delay maps for various toy disk models and more realistic gas distributions obtained by smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations. The emissivity of the ionized disk is calculated with Cloudy. We find peculiar asymmetries in the maps for off center ionizing sources that may help us constrain geometrical parameters of a circumbinary disk such as semimajor axis and orbital phase of the secondary, as well as help strengthen the observational evidence for sub-parsec SMBBHs as such.

  12. CONSTRAINING TIDAL DISSIPATION IN STARS FROM THE DESTRUCTION RATES OF EXOPLANETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Penev, Kaloyan; Jackson, Brian; Spada, Federico; Thom, Nicole

    2012-06-01

    We use the distribution of extrasolar planets in circular orbits around stars with surface convective zones detected by ground-based transit searches to constrain how efficiently tides raised by the planet are dissipated on the parent star. We parameterize this efficiency as a tidal quality factor (Q{sub *}). We conclude that the population of currently known planets is inconsistent with Q{sub *} < 10{sup 7} at the 99% level. Previous studies show that values of Q{sub *} between 10{sup 5} and 10{sup 7} are required in order to explain the orbital circularization of main-sequence low-mass binary stars in clusters, suggesting that different dissipation mechanisms might be acting in the two cases, most likely due to the very different tidal forcing frequencies relative to the stellar rotation frequency occurring for star-star versus planet-star systems.

  13. TIDAL ENERGY SITE RESOURCE ASSESSMENT: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS, BEST PRACTICES AND CASE STUDIES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TIDAL ENERGY SITE RESOURCE ASSESSMENT: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS, BEST PRACTICES AND CASE STUDIES 1* Neary V, 2 Polagye B, 1 Gunawan B, 3 Haas K, and 4 Colby J 1 Energy-Water-Ecosystems Engineering, Wind and Water Power Technologies, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA 2 Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 3 Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA 98195-2600,

  14. ORNL/TM-2012/301 Experimental Test Plan - DOE Tidal And River Reference Turbines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2/301 Experimental Test Plan - DOE Tidal And River Reference Turbines August 2012 Prepared by Vincent S. Neary Craig Hill Leonardo P. Chamorro Budi Gunawan Fotis Sotiropoulos DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source. National Technical

  15. Structural Design of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine Composite Blade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bir, G. S.; Lawson, M. J.; Li, Y.

    2011-10-01

    This paper describes the structural design of a tidal composite blade. The structural design is preceded by two steps: hydrodynamic design and determination of extreme loads. The hydrodynamic design provides the chord and twist distributions along the blade length that result in optimal performance of the tidal turbine over its lifetime. The extreme loads, i.e. the extreme flap and edgewise loads that the blade would likely encounter over its lifetime, are associated with extreme tidal flow conditions and are obtained using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. Given the blade external shape and the extreme loads, we use a laminate-theory-based structural design to determine the optimal layout of composite laminas such that the ultimate-strength and buckling-resistance criteria are satisfied at all points in the blade. The structural design approach allows for arbitrary specification of the chord, twist, and airfoil geometry along the blade and an arbitrary number of shear webs. In addition, certain fabrication criteria are imposed, for example, each composite laminate must be an integral multiple of its constituent ply thickness. In the present effort, the structural design uses only static extreme loads; dynamic-loads-based fatigue design will be addressed in the future. Following the blade design, we compute the distributed structural properties, i.e. flap stiffness, edgewise stiffness, torsion stiffness, mass, moments of inertia, elastic-axis offset, and center-of-mass offset along the blade. Such properties are required by hydro-elastic codes to model the tidal current turbine and to perform modal, stability, loads, and response analyses.

  16. Modeling the Limits and Effects of Energy„Extraction from Tidal Streams and River Reaches

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Limits and Effects of Energy Extraction from Tidal Streams Zhaoqing Yang, Taiping Wang and Andrea Copping Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Seattle, Washington MHK Instrumentation, Measurement and Computer Modeling Workshop Broomfield, CO, July 10 th , 2012 PNNL-SA89710 Far-field Modeling Support to Accelerate MHK Energy Deployment 2 Energy resource assessment Maximum and practical extractable energy Environmental impacts Flow fields Flushing time Biogeochemical transport processes

  17. Three-dimensional Numerical Analysis on Blade Response of Vertical Axis Tidal Current Turbine Under Operational Condition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Ye; Karri, Naveen K.; Wang, Qi

    2014-04-30

    Tidal power as a large-scale renewable source of energy has been receiving significant attention recently because of its advantages over the wind and other renewal energy sources. The technology used to harvest energy from tidal current is called a tidal current turbine. Though some of the principles of wind turbine design are applicable to tidal current turbines, the design of latter ones need additional considerations like cavitation damage, corrosion etc. for the long-term reliability of such turbines. Depending up on the orientation of axis, tidal current turbines can be classified as vertical axis turbines or horizontal axis turbines. Existing studies on the vertical axis tidal current turbine focus more on the hydrodynamic aspects of the turbine rather than the structural aspects. This paper summarizes our recent efforts to study the integrated hydrodynamic and structural aspects of the vertical axis tidal current turbines. After reviewing existing methods in modeling tidal current turbines, we developed a hybrid approach that combines discrete vortex method -finite element method that can simulate the integrated hydrodynamic and structural response of a vertical axis turbine. This hybrid method was initially employed to analyze a typical three-blade vertical axis turbine. The power coefficient was used to evaluate the hydrodynamic performance, and critical deflection was considered to evaluate the structural reliability. A sensitivity analysis was also conducted with various turbine height-to-radius ratios. The results indicate that both the power output and failure probability increase with the turbine height, suggesting a necessity for optimal design. An attempt to optimize a 3-blade vertical axis turbine design with hybrid method yielded a ratio of turbine height to radius (H/R) about 3.0 for reliable maximum power output.

  18. Tidal salt marshes of the southeast Atlantic Coast: A community profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiegert, R.G.; Freeman, B.J.

    1990-09-01

    This report is part of a series of community profiles on the ecology of wetland and marine communities. This particular profile considers tidal marshes of the southeastern Atlantic coast, from North Carolina south to northern Florida. Alone among the earth's ecosystems, coastal communities are subjected to a bidirectional flooding sometimes occurring twice each day; this flooding affects successional development, species composition, stability, and productivity. In the tidally influenced salt marsh, salinity ranges from less than 1 ppt to that of seawater. Dominant plant species include cordgrasses (Spartina alterniflora and S. cynosuroides), black needlerush (Juncus romerianus), and salt marsh bulrush (Scirpus robustus). Both terrestrail and aquatic animals occur in salt marshes and include herons, egrets ospreys (Pandion haliaetus), bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), alligators (Alligator Mississippiensis), manatees (Trichecus manatus), oysters, mussels, and fiddler crabs. Currently, the only significant direct commercial use of the tidal salt marshes is by crabbers seeking the blue crab Callinectes sapidus, but the marshes are quite important recreationally, aesthetically, and educationally. 151 refs., 45 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Fire in the hole - Paging in mines from Pennsylvania to China, coal fires threaten towns, poison air and water, and add to global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krajick, K.

    2005-05-01

    China has the most coal fires, but India has the largest concentration of them. The effect of coal fires on the once thriving town of Centralia, Pennsylvania is described. There have been eight attempts to put the fire out using different methods (it has been burning for 43 years), but has now been left to burn. It could burn for another 205 years. The population of the town have mostly been relocated.

  20. Tidal sampler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hayes, David W. (Aiken, SC)

    1978-01-01

    An apparatus for pumping a sample of water or other liquid that uses the energy generated from the rise and fall of the liquid level to force a sample of the liquid into a collection vessel. A suction vessel and booster vessel with interconnecting tubing and check valves are responsive to an oscillating liquid level to pump a portion of said liquid into a collection vessel.

  1. A Synthesis of Environmental and Plant Community Data for Tidal Wetland Restoration Planning in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Borde, Amy B.; Cullinan, Valerie I.

    2013-12-01

    This report reanalyzes and synthesizes previously existing environmental and plant community data collected by PNNL at 55 tidal wetlands and 3 newly restored sites in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE) between 2005 and 2011. Whereas data were originally collected for various research or monitoring objectives of five studies, the intent of this report is to provide only information that will have direct utility in planning tidal wetland restoration projects. Therefore, for this report, all tidal wetland data on plants and the physical environment, which were originally developed and reported by separate studies, were tabulated and reanalyzed as a whole. The geographic scope of the data collected in this report is from Bonneville Lock and Dam to the mouth of the Columbia River

  2. Assessment of acreage and vegetation change in Florida`s Big Bend tidal wetlands using satellite imagery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raabe, E.A.; Stumpf, R.P.

    1997-06-01

    Fluctuations in sea level and impending development on the west coast of Florida have aroused concern for the relatively pristine tidal marshes of the Big Bend. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images for 1986 and 1995 are processed and evaluated for signs of change. The images cover 250 km of Florida`s Big Bend Gulf Coast, encompassing 160,000 acres of tidal marshes. Change is detected using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and land cover classification. The imagery shows negligible net loss or gain in the marsh over the 9-year period. However, regional changes in biomass are apparent and are due to natural disturbances such as low winter temperatures, fire, storm surge, and the conversion of forest to marsh. Within the marsh, the most prominent changes in NDVI and in land cover result from the recovery of mangroves from freezes, a decline of transitional upland vegetation, and susceptibility of the marsh edge and interior to variations in tidal flooding.

  3. A STATISTICAL METHOD FOR MEASURING THE GALACTIC POTENTIAL AND TESTING GRAVITY WITH COLD TIDAL STREAMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Penarrubia, Jorge; Walker, Matthew G.

    2012-11-20

    We introduce the Minimum Entropy Method, a simple statistical technique for constraining the Milky Way gravitational potential and simultaneously testing different gravity theories directly from 6D phase-space surveys and without adopting dynamical models. We demonstrate that orbital energy distributions that are separable (i.e., independent of position) have an associated entropy that increases under wrong assumptions about the gravitational potential and/or gravity theory. Of known objects, 'cold' tidal streams from low-mass progenitors follow orbital distributions that most nearly satisfy the condition of separability. Although the orbits of tidally stripped stars are perturbed by the progenitor's self-gravity, systematic variations of the energy distribution can be quantified in terms of the cross-entropy of individual tails, giving further sensitivity to theoretical biases in the host potential. The feasibility of using the Minimum Entropy Method to test a wide range of gravity theories is illustrated by evolving restricted N-body models in a Newtonian potential and examining the changes in entropy introduced by Dirac, MONDian, and f(R) gravity modifications.

  4. A tidal disruption event in a nearby galaxy hosting an intermediate mass black hole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donato, D.; Troja, E.; Pursimo, T.; Cheung, C. C.; Kutyrev, A.; Landt, H.; Butler, N. R.

    2014-02-01

    We report the serendipitous discovery of a bright point source flare in the Abell cluster A1795 with archival EUVE and Chandra observations. Assuming the EUVE emission is associated with the Chandra source, the X-ray 0.5-7 keV flux declined by a factor of ?2300 over a time span of 6 yr, following a power-law decay with index ?2.44 0.40. The Chandra data alone vary by a factor of ?20. The spectrum is well fit by a blackbody with a constant temperature of kT ? 0.09 keV (?10{sup 6} K). The flare is spatially coincident with the nuclear region of a faint, inactive galaxy with a photometric redshift consistent at the 1? level with the cluster (z = 0.062476). We argue that these properties are indicative of a tidal disruption of a star by a black hole (BH) with log (M {sub BH}/M {sub ?}) ? 5.5 0.5. If so, such a discovery indicates that tidal disruption flares may be used to probe BHs in the intermediate mass range, which are very difficult to study by other means.

  5. OBLIQUITIES OF HOT JUPITER HOST STARS: EVIDENCE FOR TIDAL INTERACTIONS AND PRIMORDIAL MISALIGNMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albrecht, Simon; Winn, Joshua N.; Johnson, John A.; Howard, Andrew W.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Butler, R. Paul; Arriagada, Pamela; Crane, Jeffrey D.; Shectman, Stephen A.; Thompson, Ian B.; Hirano, Teruyuki; Bakos, Gaspar; Hartman, Joel D.

    2012-09-20

    We provide evidence that the obliquities of stars with close-in giant planets were initially nearly random, and that the low obliquities that are often observed are a consequence of star-planet tidal interactions. The evidence is based on 14 new measurements of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect (for the systems HAT-P-6, HAT-P-7, HAT-P-16, HAT-P-24, HAT-P-32, HAT-P-34, WASP-12, WASP-16, WASP-18, WASP-19, WASP-26, WASP-31, Gl 436, and Kepler-8), as well as a critical review of previous observations. The low-obliquity (well-aligned) systems are those for which the expected tidal timescale is short, and likewise the high-obliquity (misaligned and retrograde) systems are those for which the expected timescale is long. At face value, this finding indicates that the origin of hot Jupiters involves dynamical interactions like planet-planet interactions or the Kozai effect that tilt their orbits rather than inspiraling due to interaction with a protoplanetary disk. We discuss the status of this hypothesis and the observations that are needed for a more definitive conclusion.

  6. A scaling relation of the evolving tidal fields in a ?CDM cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jounghun [Astronomy Program, FPRD, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Springel, Volker, E-mail: jounghun@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: volker@mpa-garching.mpg.de [Max-Planck Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild Strasse 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2010-05-01

    We report the finding of a scaling relation among the cosmic-web anisotropy parameter A, the linear density rms fluctuation ?(r) and the linear growth factor D(z). Using the tidal field derived from the Millennium Simulation on 512{sup 3} grids at z = 0,2,5 and 127, we calculate the largest eigenvalues ? of the local tidal tensor at each grid resolution and measure its distance-averaged two-point correlation function, ?{sub ?}, as a function of the cosines of polar angles cos ? in the local principal axis frame. We show that ?{sub ?} is quite anisotropic, increasing toward the directions of minimal matter compression, and that the anisotropy of ?{sub ?} increases as the redshift z decreases and as the upper distance cutoff r{sub c} decreases. Fitting the numerical results to an analytic fitting model ?{sub ?}(cos ?)?(1+Acos {sup n}?){sup ?1}, it is found that the best fit value of A, dubbed the cosmic-web anisotropy parameter, varies systematically with ?(r{sub c}) and D(z), allowing us to determine the simple empiral scaling relation A(r{sub c},z) = 0.8 D{sup 0.76}(z) ?(r{sub c})

  7. Tidal evolution of the spin-orbit angle in exoplanetary systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xue, Yuxin; Suto, Yasushi; Taruya, Atsushi; Hirano, Teruyuki; Fujii, Yuka; Masuda, Kento

    2014-03-20

    The angle between the stellar spin and the planetary orbit axes (the spin-orbit angle) is supposed to carry valuable information concerning the initial condition of planetary formation and subsequent migration history. Indeed, current observations of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect have revealed a wide range of spin-orbit misalignments for transiting exoplanets. We examine in detail the tidal evolution of a simple system comprising a Sun-like star and a hot Jupiter adopting the equilibrium tide and the inertial wave dissipation effects simultaneously. We find that the combined tidal model works as a very efficient realignment mechanism; it predicts three distinct states of the spin-orbit angle (i.e., parallel, polar, and antiparallel orbits) for a while, but the latter two states eventually approach the parallel spin-orbit configuration. The intermediate spin-orbit angles as measured in recent observations are difficult to obtain. Therefore the current model cannot reproduce the observed broad distribution of the spin-orbit angles, at least in its simple form. This indicates that the observed diversity of the spin-orbit angles may emerge from more complicated interactions with outer planets and/or may be the consequence of the primordial misalignment between the protoplanetary disk and the stellar spin, which requires future detailed studies.

  8. Milky Way mass and potential recovery using tidal streams in a realistic halo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonaca, Ana; Geha, Marla; Kpper, Andreas H. W.; Johnston, Kathryn V.; Diemand, Jrg; Hogg, David W.

    2014-11-01

    We present a new method for determining the Galactic gravitational potential based on forward modeling of tidal stellar streams. We use this method to test the performance of smooth and static analytic potentials in representing realistic dark matter halos, which have substructure and are continually evolving by accretion. Our FAST-FORWARD method uses a Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithm to compare, in six-dimensional phase space, an 'observed' stream to models created in trial analytic potentials. We analyze a large sample of streams that evolved in the Via Lactea II (VL2) simulation, which represents a realistic Galactic halo potential. The recovered potential parameters are in agreement with the best fit to the global, present-day VL2 potential. However, merely assuming an analytic potential limits the dark matter halo mass measurement to an accuracy of 5%-20%, depending on the choice of analytic parameterization. Collectively, the mass estimates using streams from our sample reach this fundamental limit, but individually they can be highly biased. Individual streams can both under- and overestimate the mass, and the bias is progressively worse for those with smaller perigalacticons, motivating the search for tidal streams at galactocentric distances larger than 70 kpc. We estimate that the assumption of a static and smooth dark matter potential in modeling of the GD-1- and Pal5-like streams introduces an error of up to 50% in the Milky Way mass estimates.

  9. GRB060218 AS A TIDAL DISRUPTION OF A WHITE DWARF BY AN INTERMEDIATE-MASS BLACK HOLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shcherbakov, Roman V.; Reynolds, Christopher S.; Pe'er, Asaf; Haas, Roland; Bode, Tanja; Laguna, Pablo

    2013-06-01

    The highly unusual pair of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) GRB060218 and an associated supernova, SN2006aj, has puzzled theorists for years. A supernova shock breakout and a jet from a newborn stellar mass compact object have been proposed to explain this pair's multiwavelength signature. Alternatively, we propose that the source is naturally explained by another channel: the tidal disruption of a white dwarf (WD) by an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH). This tidal disruption is accompanied by a tidal pinching, which leads to the ignition of a WD and a supernova. Some debris falls back onto the IMBH, forms a disk, which quickly amplifies the magnetic field, and launches a jet. We successfully fit soft X-ray spectra with the Comptonized blackbody emission from a jet photosphere. The optical/UV emission is consistent with self-absorbed synchrotron emission from the expanding jet front. The temporal dependence of the accretion rate M-dot (t) in a tidal disruption provides a good fit to the soft X-ray light curve. The IMBH mass is found to be about 10{sup 4} M{sub Sun} in three independent estimates: (1) fitting the tidal disruption M-dot (t) to the soft X-ray light curve, (2) computing the jet base radius in a jet photospheric emission model, and (3) inferring the mass of the central black hole based on the host dwarf galaxy's stellar mass. The position of the supernova is consistent with the center of the host galaxy, while the low supernova ejecta mass is consistent with that of a WD. The high expected rate of tidal disruptions in dwarf galaxies is consistent with one source observed by the Swift satellite over several years at a distance of 150 Mpc measured for GRB060218. Encounters with WDs provide much fuel for the growth of IMBHs.

  10. Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats of the Lower Columbia River, 20072010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Storch, Adam; Skalski, J. R.; Bryson, Amanda J.; Mallette, Christine; Borde, Amy B.; Van Dyke, E.; Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Sather, Nichole K.; Teel, David; Dawley, Earl M.; Ploskey, Gene R.; Jones, Tucker A.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Kuligowski, D. R.

    2011-03-01

    The TFM study was designed to investigate the ecology and early life history of juvenile salmonids within shallow (<5 m) tidal freshwater habitats of the LCRE. We started collecting field data in June 2007. Since then, monthly sampling has occurred in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta (rkm 192208) and at other sites and times in lower river reaches of tidal freshwater (rkm 110 to 141). This report provides a comprehensive synthesis of data covering the field period from June 2007 through April 2010.

  11. Development and pilot test of an intensive municipal solid waste recycling system for the Town of East Hampton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Commoner, B.; Frisch, M.; Pitot, H.A.; Quigley, J.; Stege, A.; Wallace, D.; Webster, T.

    1990-02-01

    This report presents the results of a project to design and test a new type of trash disposal system for the Town of East Hampton, Long Island: the Intensive Recycling System. The system is intended to serve as the Town's primary means of regular trash disposal. The Intensive Recycling System is based on separation of regular trash, by household and commercial establishments, into four fractions: (1) food garbage and soiled paper; (2) paper/cardboard; (3) metal cans/glass bottles; (4) non-recyclables. Fraction 1, together with yard waste, is processed at a compost facility, yielding marketable compost. Fractions 2 and 3 are processed by a materials recovery facility (MRF) into marketable products: several grades of paper and cardboard; aluminum cans; tin cans; scrap metal; and color-sorted crushed glass (cullet). The non-recyclable components (fraction 4) and misclassified components rejected during processing are consigned to a landfill. This document is Volume 2 of two volumes and contains the appendix for Volume 1.

  12. Development and pilot test of an intensive municipal solid waste recycling system for the Town of East Hampton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Commoner, B.; Frisch, M.; Pitot, H.A.; Quigley, J.; Stege, A.; Wallace, D.; Webster, T.

    1990-02-01

    This report presents the results of a project to design and test a new type of trash disposal system for the Town of East Hampton, Long Island: the Intensive Recycling System. The system is intended to serve as the Town's primary means of regular trash disposal. The Intensive Recycling System is based on separation of regular trash, by households and commercial establishments, into four fractions: (1) food garbage and soiled paper; (2) paper/cardboard; (3) metal cans/glass bottles; (4) non-recyclables. Fraction 1, together with yard waste, is processed at a compost facility, yielding marketable compost. Fractions 2 and 3 are processed by a materials recovery facility (MRF) into marketable products: several grades of paper and cardboard; aluminum cans; tin cans; scrap metal; and color-sorted crushed glass (cullet). The non-recyclable components (fraction 4) and misclassified components rejected during processing are consigned to a landfill. This document is Volume 1 of two volumes. 75 refs., 24 figs., 81 tabs.

  13. Leachate treatment system using constructed wetlands, Town of Fenton sanitary landfill, Broome County, New York. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    Municipal sanitary landfills generate leachate that New York State regulations require to be collected and treated to avoid contaminating surface water and groundwater. One option for treating leachate is to haul it to municipal wastewater treatment facility. This option may be expensive, may require excessive energy for transportation, and may require pretreatment to protect the receiving facility`s processes. An alternative is on-site treatment and discharge. Personnel from the Town of Fenton, New York; Hawk Engineering, P.C.; Cornell University; and Ithaca College designed, built, and operated a pilot constructed wetland for treating leachate at the Town of Fenton`s municipal landfill. The system, consisting of two overland flow beds and two subsurface flow beds has been effective for 18 months in reducing levels of ammonia (averaging 85% removal by volatilization and denitrification) and total iron (averaging 95% removal by precipitation and sedimentation), two key constituents of the Fenton landfill`s leachate. The system effects these reductions with zero chemical and energy inputs and minimal maintenance. A third key constituent of the leachate, manganese, apparently passes through the beds with minimal removal. Details and wetland considerations are described.

  14. EA-1916: Ocean Renewable Power Company Maine, LLC Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Pilot Project, Cobscook in Washington County, Maine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Draft Environmental AssessmentThis EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a project that would use the tidal currents of Cobscook Bay to generate electricity via cross-flow Kinetic System turbine generator units (TGU) mounted on the seafloor. The TGUs would capture energy from the flow in both ebb and flood directions.

  15. A LUMINOUS, FAST RISING UV-TRANSIENT DISCOVERED BY ROTSE: A TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENT?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vink, J.; Wheeler, J. C.; Chatzopoulos, E.; Marion, G. H.; Yuan, F.; Akerlof, C.; Quimby, R. M.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Guillochon, J.

    2015-01-01

    We present follow-up observations of an optical transient (OT) discovered by ROTSE on 2009 January 21. Photometric monitoring was carried out with ROTSE-IIIb in the optical and Swift in the UV up to +70 days after discovery. The light curve showed a fast rise time of ?10 days followed by a steep decline over the next 60 days, which was much faster than that implied by {sup 56}Ni{sup 56}Co radioactive decay. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 10 database contains a faint, red object at the position of the OT, which appears slightly extended. This and other lines of evidence suggest that the OT is of extragalactic origin, and this faint object is likely the host galaxy. A sequence of optical spectra obtained with the 9.2m Hobby-Eberly Telescope between +8 and +45 days after discovery revealed a hot, blue continuum with no visible spectral features. A few weak features that appeared after +30 days probably originated from the underlying host. Fitting synthetic templates to the observed spectrum of the host galaxy revealed a redshift of z = 0.19. At this redshift, the peak magnitude of the OT is close to 22.5, similar to the brightest super-luminous supernovae; however, the lack of identifiable spectral features makes the massive stellar death hypothesis less likely. A more plausible explanation appears to be the tidal disruption of a Sun-like star by the central supermassive black hole. We argue that this transient likely belongs to a class of super-Eddington tidal disruption events.

  16. EXTREME CORONAL LINE EMITTERS: TIDAL DISRUPTION OF STARS BY MASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN GALACTIC NUCLEI?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Tinggui; Zhou Hongyan; Wang Huiyuan; Yang Chenwei; Komossa, S.

    2012-04-20

    Tidal disruption of stars by supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies is expected to produce unique emission-line signatures, which have not yet been explored adequately. Here we report the discovery of extremely strong coronal lines from [Fe X] up to [Fe XIV] in a sample of seven galaxies (including two recently reported cases), which we interpret as such signatures. This is the first systematic search for objects of this kind, by making use of the immense database of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The galaxies, which are non-active as evidenced by the narrow line ratios, show broad emission lines of complex profiles in more than half of the sample. Both the high-ionization coronal lines and the broad lines are fading on timescales of years in objects observed with spectroscopic follow-ups, suggesting their transient nature. Variations of inferred non-stellar continua, which have absolute magnitudes of at least -16 to -18 mag in the g band, are also detected in more than half of the sample. The coronal line emitters reside in sub-L{sub *} disk galaxies (-21.3 < M{sub i} < -18.5) with small stellar velocity dispersions. The sample seems to form two distinct types based on the presence or absence of the [Fe VII] lines, with the latter having relatively low luminosities of [O III], [Fe XI], and the host galaxies. These characteristics can most naturally be understood in the context of transient accretion onto intermediate-mass black holes at galactic centers following tidal disruption of stars in a gas-rich environment. We estimate the incidence of such events to be around 10{sup -5} yr{sup -1} for a galaxy with -21.3 < M{sub i} < -18.5.

  17. Effects of Tidal Turbine Noise on Fish Hearing and Tissues - Draft Final Report - Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halvorsen, Michele B.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2011-09-30

    Snohomish Public Utility District No.1 plans to deploy two 6 meter OpenHydro tidal turbines in Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, under a FERC pilot permitting process. Regulators and stakeholders have raised questions about the potential effect of noise from the turbines on marine life. Noise in the aquatic environment is known to be a stressor to many types of aquatic life, including marine mammals, fish and birds. Marine mammals and birds are exceptionally difficult to work with for technical and regulatory reasons. Fish have been used as surrogates for other aquatic organisms as they have similar auditory structures. This project was funded under the FY09 Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to Snohomish PUD, in partnership with the University of Washington - Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center, the Sea Mammal Research Unit, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The results of this study will inform the larger research project outcomes. Proposed tidal turbine deployments in coastal waters are likely to propagate noise into nearby waters, potentially causing stress to native organisms. For this set of experiments, juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were used as the experimental model. Plans exist for prototype tidal turbines to be deployed into their habitat. Noise is known to affect fish in many ways, such as causing a threshold shift in auditory sensitivity or tissue damage. The characteristics of noise, its spectra and level, are important factors that influence the potential for the noise to injure fish. For example, the frequency range of the tidal turbine noise includes the audiogram (frequency range of hearing) of most fish. This study was performed during FY 2011 to determine if noise generated by a 6-m diameter OpenHydro turbine might affect juvenile Chinook salmon hearing or cause barotrauma. Naturally spawning stocks of Chinook salmon that utilize Puget Sound are listed as threatened (http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/ESA-Salmon-Listings/Salmon-Populations/Chinook/CKPUG.cfm); the fish used in this experiment were hatchery raised and their populations are not in danger of depletion. After they were exposed to simulated tidal turbine noise, the hearing of juvenile Chinook salmon was measured and necropsies performed to check for tissue damage. Experimental groups were (1) noise exposed, (2) control (the same handling as treatment fish but without exposure to tidal turbine noise), and (3) baseline (never handled). Experimental results indicate that non-lethal, low levels of tissue damage may have occurred but that there were no effects of noise exposure on the auditory systems of the test fish.

  18. A continuum of H- to He-rich tidal disruption candidates with a preference for E+A galaxies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arcavi, Iair; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Horesh, Assaf; Ofek, Eran O.; De Cia, Annalisa; Tal, David; Sullivan, Mark; Pan, Yen-Chen; Cenko, S. Bradley; Yan, Lin; Yang, Chen-Wei; Howell, D. A.; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P.; Cohen, Judith G.; Tang, Sumin; Xu, Dong; Sternberg, Assaf; Bloom, Joshua S.; Nugent, Peter E.; and others

    2014-09-20

    We present the results of a Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) archival search for blue transients that lie in the magnitude range between 'normal' core-collapse and superluminous supernovae (i.e., with 21 ? M {sub R} {sub (peak)} ? 19). Of the six events found after excluding all interacting Type IIn and Ia-CSM supernovae, three (PTF09ge, 09axc, and 09djl) are coincident with the centers of their hosts, one (10iam) is offset from the center, and a precise offset cannot be determined for two (10nuj and 11glr). All the central events have similar rise times to the He-rich tidal disruption candidate PS1-10jh, and the event with the best-sampled light curve also has similar colors and power-law decay. Spectroscopically, PTF09ge is He-rich, while PTF09axc and 09djl display broad hydrogen features around peak magnitude. All three central events are in low star formation hosts, two of which are E+A galaxies. Our spectrum of the host of PS1-10jh displays similar properties. PTF10iam, the one offset event, is different photometrically and spectroscopically from the central events, and its host displays a higher star formation rate. Finding no obvious evidence for ongoing galactic nuclei activity or recent star formation, we conclude that the three central transients likely arise from the tidal disruption of a star by a supermassive black hole. We compare the spectra of these events to tidal disruption candidates from the literature and find that all of these objects can be unified on a continuous scale of spectral properties. The accumulated evidence of this expanded sample strongly supports a tidal disruption origin for this class of nuclear transients.

  19. Renewables in Alaska Native Villages: Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Funding: Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, AK Bruce Wright, APIA Monty Worthington, ORPC Wright, B. A., J. W. Short, T. J. Weingartner and P. J. Anderson. 2000. The Gulf of Alaska.. Pp 373-384 in Sheppard, C. R. C., ed., Seas at the Millennium: An Environmental, Evaluation Volume I Regional Chapters: Europe, The Americas and Wes Africa. Pergammon Press, Elsevier, Amsterdam. Aleutian Pribilof Islands Regional Energy Summit April 24-25, 2010 Anchorage,

  20. POSSIBLE ORIGIN OF THE G2 CLOUD FROM THE TIDAL DISRUPTION OF A KNOWN GIANT STAR BY SGR A*

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guillochon, James; Loeb, Abraham; MacLeod, Morgan; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico

    2014-05-10

    The discovery of the gas cloud G2 on a near-radial orbit about SgrA* has prompted much speculation on its origin. In this Letter, we propose that G2 formed out of the debris stream produced by the removal of mass from the outer envelope of a nearby giant star. We perform hydrodynamical simulations of the returning tidal debris stream with cooling and find that the stream condenses into clumps that fall periodically onto SgrA*. We propose that one of these clumps is the observed G2 cloud, with the rest of the stream being detectable at lower Br? emissivity along a trajectory that would trace from G2 to the star that was partially disrupted. By simultaneously fitting the orbits of S2, G2, and ?2000 candidate stars, and by fixing the orbital plane of each candidate star to G2 (as is expected for a tidal disruption), we find that several stars have orbits that are compatible with the notion that one of them was tidally disrupted to produce G2. If one of these stars were indeed disrupted, it last encountered SgrA* hundreds of years ago and has likely encountered SgrA* repeatedly. However, while these stars are compatible with the giant disruption scenario given their measured positions and proper motions, their radial velocities are currently unknown. If one of these stars' radial velocity is measured to be compatible with a disruptive orbit, it would strongly suggest that its disruption produced G2.

  1. Tidally distorted exoplanets: Density corrections for short-period hot-Jupiters based solely on observable parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burton, J. R.; Watson, C. A.; Fitzsimmons, A.; Moulds, V.; Pollacco, D.; Wheatley, P. J.; Littlefair, S. P.

    2014-07-10

    The close proximity of short-period hot-Jupiters to their parent star means they are subject to extreme tidal forces. This has a profound effect on their structure and, as a result, density measurements that assume that the planet is spherical can be incorrect. We have simulated the tidally distorted surface for 34 known short-period hot-Jupiters, assuming surfaces of constant gravitational equipotential for the planet, and the resulting densities have been calculated based only on observed parameters of the exoplanet systems. Comparing these results to the density values, assuming the planets are spherical, shows that there is an appreciable change in the measured density for planets with very short periods (typically less than two days). For one of the shortest-period systems, WASP-19b, we determine a decrease in bulk density of 12% from the spherical case and, for the majority of systems in this study, this value is in the range of 1%-5%. On the other hand, we also find cases where the distortion is negligible (relative to the measurement errors on the planetary parameters) even in the cases of some very short period systems, depending on the mass ratio and planetary radius. For high-density gas planets requiring apparently anomalously large core masses, density corrections due to tidal deformation could become important for the shortest-period systems.

  2. Hyperaccretion during tidal disruption events: Weakly bound debris envelopes and jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coughlin, Eric R.; Begelman, Mitchell C. E-mail: mitch@jila.colorado.edu

    2014-02-01

    After the destruction of the star during a tidal disruption event (TDE), the cataclysmic encounter between a star and the supermassive black hole (SMBH) of a galaxy, approximately half of the original stellar debris falls back onto the hole at a rate that can initially exceed the Eddington limit by orders of magnitude. We argue that the angular momentum of this matter is too low to allow it to attain a disk-like configuration with accretion proceeding at a mildly super-Eddington rate, the excess energy being carried away by a combination of radiative losses and radially distributed winds. Instead, we propose that the infalling gas traps accretion energy until it inflates into a weakly bound, quasi-spherical structure with gas extending nearly to the poles. We study the structure and evolution of such 'zero-Bernoulli accretion' flows as a model for the super-Eddington phase of TDEs. We argue that such flows cannot stop extremely super-Eddington accretion from occurring, and that once the envelope is maximally inflated, any excess accretion energy escapes through the poles in the form of powerful jets. We compare the predictions of our model to Swift J1644+57, the putative super-Eddington TDE, and show that it can qualitatively reproduce some of its observed features. Similar models, including self-gravity, could be applicable to gamma-ray bursts from collapsars and the growth of SMBH seeds inside quasi-stars.

  3. TURBOVELOCITY STARS: KICKS RESULTING FROM THE TIDAL DISRUPTION OF SOLITARY STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manukian, Haik; Guillochon, James; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico; O'Leary, Ryan M.

    2013-07-10

    The centers of most known galaxies host supermassive black holes (SMBHs). In orbit around these black holes are a centrally concentrated distribution of stars, both in single and in binary systems. Occasionally, these stars are perturbed onto orbits that bring them close to the SMBH. If the star is in a binary system, the three-body interaction with the SMBH can lead to large changes in orbital energy, depositing one of the two stars on a tightly-bound orbit, and its companion into a hyperbolic orbit that may escape the galaxy. In this Letter, we show that the disruption of solitary stars can also lead to large positive increases in orbital energy. The kick velocity depends on the amount of mass the star loses at pericenter, but not on the ratio of black hole to stellar mass, and are at most the star's own escape velocity. We find that these kicks are usually too small to result in the ejection of stars from the Milky Way, but can eject the stars from the black hole's sphere of influence, reducing their probability of being disrupted again. We estimate that {approx} 10{sup 5} stars, {approx} 1% of all stars within 10 pc of the galactic center, are likely to have had mass removed by the central black hole through tidal interaction, and speculate that these 'turbovelocity' stars will at first be redder, but eventually bluer, and always brighter than their unharassed peers.

  4. Water gate array for current flow or tidal movement pneumatic harnessing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gorlov, Alexander M.

    1991-01-01

    The invention, which provides a system for harnessing power from current flow or tidal movement in a body of water, comprises first and second hydro-pneumatic chambers each having ingress and egress below the water surface near the river or ocean floor and water gates operative to open or seal the ports to the passage of water. In an exemplary embodiment, the gates are sychronized by shafts so that the ingress ports of each chamber are connected to the egress ports of each other chamber. Thus, one set of gates is closed, while the other is open, thereby allowing water to flow into one chamber and build air pressure therein and allowing water to flow out of the other chamber and create a partial vacuum therein. A pipe connects the chambers, and an air turbine harnesses the air movement within the pipe. When water levels are equilibrated, the open set of gates is closed by a counterweight, and the other set is allowed to open by natural force of the water differential. The water gates may be comprised of a plurality of louvers which are ganged for simultaneous opening and closing. The system is designed to operate with air turbines or other pneumatic devices. Its design minimizes construction cost and environmental impact, yet provides a clean renewable energy source.

  5. Field Measurements at River and Tidal Current Sites for Hydrokinetic Energy Development: Best Practices Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neary, Vincent S; Gunawan, Budi

    2011-09-01

    In this report, existing data collection techniques and protocols for characterizing open channel flows are reviewed and refined to further address the needs of the MHK industry. The report provides an overview of the hydrodynamics of river and tidal channels, and the working principles of modern acoustic instrumentation, including best practices in remote sensing methods that can be applied to hydrokinetic energy site characterization. Emphasis is placed upon acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) and acoustic-Doppler current profiler (ADCP) instruments, as these represent the most practical and economical tools for use in the MHK industry. Incorporating the best practices as found in the literature, including the parameters to be measured, the instruments to be deployed, the instrument deployment strategy, and data post-processing techniques. The data collected from this procedure aims to inform the hydro-mechanical design of MHK systems with respect to energy generation and structural loading, as well as provide reference hydrodynamics for environmental impact studies. The standard metrics and protocols defined herein can be utilized to guide field experiments with MHK systems.

  6. Evaluation and recommendations for the Department of Energy-Farmers Home Administration small-town energy-planning grant program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cannon, T.; Kron, N. Jr.

    1980-10-01

    DOE funded several small-town energy planning projects, through the Farmer's Home Administration (FmHA) Area Development Assistance Planning Grant Program. DOE intended that this program should: (1) encourage community energy planning and the development of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES) and (2) provide a testing ground for the technologies and planning methods developed by its Buildings and Community Systems Division. FmHA intended that the joint program should further the development of rural areas and make DOE expertise available to grant recipients doing energy planning. All grantees under this joint program endeavored to define their local energy problems and to find local solutions. However, the resulting energy cost savings were not always impressive, and generally they were not very well documented. Lack of implementation power, lack of focus, and inability to generate local financial support for projects and further planning were the main reasons for this performance. The lack of sufficient documentation could be the result of DOE's failure to require a standardized and systematic accounting of grantees' accomplishments. The recommended changes in the scope-of-work requirements suggested in this report would cause grantees to focus their energy-planning activities so as to increase local financial support. The appendixes give a standardized format by which grantees would account for the energy savings and production made possible by their planning efforts.

  7. EA-1841: Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Taylor Biomass Montgomery Project in the Town of Montgomery, Orange County, New York

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Taylor Biomass, LLC (Taylor) submitted an application to DOE for a Federal loan guarantee to support the construction and startup of a biomass gasification-to energy facility at a 95-acre recycling facility in the Town of Montgomery, Orange County, NY. The Project would involve the construction of a Post-Collection Separation Facility, a Gasification System and a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Power Island.

  8. ON THE EFFICIENCY OF THE TIDAL STIRRING MECHANISM FOR THE ORIGIN OF DWARF SPHEROIDALS: DEPENDENCE ON THE ORBITAL AND STRUCTURAL PARAMETERS OF THE PROGENITOR DISKY DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazantzidis, Stelios; Lokas, Ewa L.; Callegari, Simone; Mayer, Lucio; Moustakas, Leonidas A. E-mail: lokas@camk.edu.pl E-mail: lucio@phys.ethz.ch

    2011-01-10

    The tidal stirring model posits the formation of dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs) via the tidal interactions between late-type, rotationally supported dwarfs and Milky-Way-sized host galaxies. Using a comprehensive set of collisionless N-body simulations, we investigate the efficiency of the tidal stirring mechanism for the origin of dSphs. In particular, we examine the degree to which the tidal field of the primary galaxy affects the sizes, masses, shapes, and kinematics of the disky dwarfs for a range of dwarf orbital and structural parameters. Our study is the first to employ self-consistent, equilibrium models for the progenitor dwarf galaxies constructed from a composite distribution function and consisting of exponential stellar disks embedded in massive, cosmologically motivated dark matter halos. Exploring a wide variety of dwarf orbital configurations and initial structures, we demonstrate that in the majority of cases the disky dwarfs experience significant mass loss and their stellar distributions undergo a dramatic morphological, as well as dynamical, transformation. Specifically, the stellar components evolve from disks to bars and finally to pressure-supported, spheroidal systems with kinematic and structural properties akin to those of the classic dSphs in the Local Group (LG) and similar environments. The self-consistency of the adopted dwarf models is crucial for confirming this complex transformation process via tidally induced dynamical instabilities and impulsive tidal heating of the stellar distribution. Our results suggest that such tidal transformations should be common occurrences within the currently favored cosmological paradigm and highlight the key factor responsible for an effective metamorphosis to be the strength of the tidal shocks at the pericenters of the orbit. We also demonstrate that the combination of short orbital times and small pericentric distances, characteristic of dwarfs being accreted by their hosts at high redshift, induces the strongest and most complete transformations. Our models also indicate that the efficiency of the transformation via tidal stirring is affected significantly by the structure of the progenitor disky dwarfs. While the mass-to-light ratios, M/L, of the dwarf galaxies typically decrease monotonically with time as the extended dark matter halos are efficiently tidally stripped, we identify a few cases where this trend is reversed later in the evolution when stellar mass loss becomes more effective. We also find that the dwarf remnants satisfy the relation V{sub max}={radical}3 {sigma}{sub *}, where {sigma}{sub *} is the one-dimensional, central stellar velocity dispersion and V{sub max} is the maximum halo circular velocity, which has intriguing implications for the missing satellites problem. Assuming that the distant dSphs in the LG, such as Leo I, Tucana, and Cetus, are the products of tidal stirring, our findings suggest that these galaxies should have only been partially stirred by the tidal field of their hosts. We thus predict that these remote dwarfs should exhibit higher values of V{sub rot}/{sigma}{sub *}, where V{sub rot} is the stellar rotational velocity, compared with those of dSphs located closer to the primary galaxies. Overall, we conclude that the action of tidal forces from the hosts constitutes a crucial evolutionary mechanism for shaping the nature of dwarf galaxies in environments such as that of the LG. Environmental mechanisms of this type should thus be included as ingredients in models of dwarf galaxy formation and evolution.

  9. Illuminating massive black holes with white dwarfs: orbital dynamics and high-energy transients from tidal interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacLeod, Morgan; Goldstein, Jacqueline; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico; Guillochon, James; Samsing, Johan

    2014-10-10

    White dwarfs (WDs) can be tidally disrupted only by massive black holes (MBHs) with masses less than ?10{sup 5} M {sub ?}. These tidal interactions feed material to the MBH well above its Eddington limit, with the potential to launch a relativistic jet. The corresponding beamed emission is a promising indication of an otherwise quiescent MBH of relatively low mass. We show that the mass transfer history, and thus the light curve, is quite different when the disruptive orbit is parabolic, eccentric, or circular. The mass lost each orbit exponentiates in the eccentric-orbit case, leading to the destruction of the WD after several tens of orbits. We examine the stellar dynamics of clusters surrounding MBHs to show that single-passage WD disruptions are substantially more common than repeating encounters. The 10{sup 49} erg s{sup 1} peak luminosity of these events makes them visible to cosmological distances. They may be detectible at rates of as many as tens per year by instruments like Swift. In fact, WD-disruption transients significantly outshine their main-sequence star counterparts and are the tidal interaction most likely to be detected arising from MBHs with masses less than 10{sup 5} M {sub ?}. The detection or nondetection of such WD-disruption transients by Swift is, therefore, a powerful tool to constrain the lower end of the MBH mass function. The emerging ultralong gamma-ray burst class of events all have peak luminosities and durations reminiscent of WD disruptions, offering a hint that WD-disruption transients may already be present in existing data sets.

  10. Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, C.B.; McArthur, R.D.; Hutchinson, S.W.

    1994-09-01

    As part of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Off-Site Radiation Exposure Review Project, the time of fallout arrival and the H+12 exposure rate were estimated for populated locations in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah that were affected by fallout from one or more nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. Estimates of exposure rate were derived from measured values recorded before and after each test by fallout monitors in the field. The estimate for a given location was obtained by retrieving from a data base all measurements made in the vicinity, decay-correcting them to H+12, and calculating an average. Estimates were also derived from maps produced after most events that show isopleths of exposure rate and time of fallout arrival. Both sets of isopleths on these maps were digitized, and kriging was used to interpolate values at the nodes of a 10-km grid covering the pattern. The values at any location within the grid were then estimated from the values at the surrounding grid nodes. Estimates of dispersion (standard deviation) were also calculated. The Town Data Base contains the estimates for all combinations of location and nuclear event for which the estimated mean H+12 exposure rate was greater than three times background. A listing of the data base is included as an appendix. The information was used by other project task groups to estimate the radiation dose that off-site populations and individuals may have received as a result of exposure to fallout from Nevada nuclear tests.

  11. Optimization of the phase angle in ideal Stirling engines using the concept of tidal and ancillary domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finkelstein, T.

    1996-12-31

    In a parallel publication (Finkelstein, 1996), a new analysis of the ideal loss-less Stirling Cycle Machine was presented based upon the concept of overlapping Tidal and Ancillary domains. This has led to the definition of the following two dimensionless parameters: (1) the specific performance {Pi} for the unified measure of output for engines, refrigerators and heat pumps, and (2) the Tidal Compression Ratio {Kappa}, which is akin to the Compression Ratio in internal combustion machines and uniquely defines the operational characteristics of any Stirling Cycle Machine. An analysis to replace the alternative traditional Schmidt equation was presented and a new expression for the general performance of practical Stirling engines was derived from the first principles. An analytical optimization of the volumes of the three internal heat exchangers was also included. In this present paper, which is an extension of the above analysis, these new equations for the performance are utilized for an analytical optimization of the phase angles. It is shown that the optimum phase lead of the expansion space and the optimum phase lag of the compression space for an ideal isothermal machine is precisely {pi}/4 for all possible machines. This is independent of the previous conclusion that the pressure vector should have a zero phase lag or lead.

  12. THE IMPACT OF BOUND STELLAR ORBITS AND GENERAL RELATIVITY ON THE TEMPORAL BEHAVIOR OF TIDAL DISRUPTION FLARES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dai, Lixin; Escala, Andres; Coppi, Paolo

    2013-09-20

    We have carried out general relativistic particle simulations of stars tidally disrupted by massive black holes. When a star is disrupted in a bound orbit with moderate eccentricity instead of a parabolic orbit, the temporal behavior of the resulting stellar debris changes qualitatively. The debris is initially all bound, returning to pericenter in a short time about the original stellar orbital timescale. The resulting fallback rate can thus be much higher than the Eddington rate. Furthermore, if the star is disrupted close to the hole, in a regime where general relativity is important, the stellar and debris orbits display general relativistic precession. Apsidal precession can make the debris stream cross itself after several orbits, likely leading to fast debris energy dissipation. If the star is disrupted in an inclined orbit around a spinning hole, nodal precession reduces the probability of self-intersection, and circularization may take many dynamical timescales, delaying the onset of flare activity. An examination of the particle dynamics suggests that quasi-periodic flares with short durations, produced when the center of the tidal stream passes pericenter, may occur in the early-time light curve. The late-time light curve may still show power-law behavior which is generic to disk accretion processes. The detection triggers for future surveys should be extended to capture such 'non-standard' short-term flaring activity before the event enters the asymptotic decay phase, as this activity is likely to be more sensitive to physical parameters such as the black hole spin.

  13. Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Wake Propagation and Power Production in an Array of Tidal-Current Turbines: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Churchfield, M. J.; Li, Y.; Moriarty, P. J.

    2012-07-01

    This paper presents our initial work in performing large-eddy simulations of tidal turbine array flows. First, a horizontally-periodic precursor simulation is performed to create turbulent flow data. Then that data is used as inflow into a tidal turbine array two rows deep and infinitely wide. The turbines are modeled using rotating actuator lines, and the finite-volume method is used to solve the governing equations. In studying the wakes created by the turbines, we observed that the vertical shear of the inflow combined with wake rotation causes lateral wake asymmetry. Also, various turbine configurations are simulated, and the total power production relative to isolated turbines is examined. Staggering consecutive rows of turbines in the simulated configurations allows the greatest efficiency using the least downstream row spacing. Counter-rotating consecutive downstream turbines in a non-staggered array shows a small benefit. This work has identified areas for improvement, such as the use of a larger precursor domain to better capture elongated turbulent structures, the inclusion of salinity and temperature equations to account for density stratification and its effect on turbulence, improved wall shear stress modelling, and the examination of more array configurations.

  14. CyPhyTown

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2014-09-25

    A series of software programs that enables students to progress from completely unsecured control of devices to control that protects network commands with authentication, integrity and confidentiality. The working example provided is for turning LED lights on and off on a Raspberry Pi computer.

  15. Town Hall Questions Answered

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    effective dose from intakes. Q. Has there been any investigation into people stopping fracking area around WIPP? A. There is no drilling allowed on the 16-square-mile WIPP Land...

  16. WORKFORCE DIVERSITY TOWN HALL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... and Executive Order 13078 of March 13, 1998 (Increasing Employment of Adults With Disabilities), sought to tap the skills of the millions of Americans living with disabilities. ...

  17. THE DYNAMICS, APPEARANCE, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RELATIVISTIC JETS TRIGGERED BY TIDAL DISRUPTION OF STARS IN QUIESCENT SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Colle, Fabio; Guillochon, James; Naiman, Jill; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico E-mail: jfg@ucolick.org E-mail: enrico@ucolick.org

    2012-12-01

    We examine the consequences of a model in which relativistic jets can be triggered in quiescent massive black holes when a geometrically thick and hot accretion disk forms as a result of the tidal disruption of a star. To estimate the power, thrust, and lifetime of the jet, we use the mass accretion history onto the black hole as calculated by detailed hydrodynamic simulations of the tidal disruption of stars. We go on to determine the states of the interstellar medium in various types of quiescent galactic nuclei, and describe how this external matter can affect jets propagating through it. We use this information, together with a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model of the structure of the relativistic flow, to study the dynamics of the jet, the propagation of which is regulated by the density stratification of the environment and by its injection history. The breaking of symmetry involved in transitioning from one to two dimensions is crucial and leads to qualitatively new phenomena. At early times, as the jet power increases, the high pressure of the cocoon collimates the jet, increasing its shock velocity as compared to that of spherical models. We show that small velocity gradients, induced near or at the source, steepen into internal shocks and provide a source of free energy for particle acceleration and radiation along the jet's channel. The jets terminate at a working surface where they interact strongly with the surrounding medium through a combination of shock waves and instabilities; a continuous flow of relativistic fluid emanating from the nucleus supplies this region with mass, momentum, and energy. Information about the t {sup -5/3} decrease in power supply propagates within the jet at the internal sound speed. As a result, the internal energy at the jet head continues to accumulate until long after the peak feeding rate is reached. An appreciable time delay is thus expected between peaks in the short-wavelength radiation emanating near the jet's origin and the long-wavelength emission produced at the head of the jet. Many of the observed properties of the Swift 1644+57/GRB 110328A event can be understood as resulting from accretion onto and jets driven by a 10{sup 6} M {sub Sun} central mass black hole following the disruption of a sun-like star. With the inclusion of a stochastic contribution to the luminosity due to variations in the feeding rate driven by instabilities near the tidal radius, we find that our model can explain the X-ray light curve without invoking a rarely occurring deep encounter. In conjunction with the number density of black holes in the local universe, we hypothesize that the conditions required to produce the Swift event are not anomalous, but are in fact representative of the jet-driven flare population arising from tidal disruptions.

  18. Development and Verification of a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawson, M. J.; Li, Y.; Sale, D. C.

    2011-10-01

    This paper describes the development of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology to simulate the hydrodynamics of horizontal-axis tidal current turbines. Qualitative measures of the CFD solutions were independent of the grid resolution. Conversely, quantitative comparisons of the results indicated that the use of coarse computational grids results in an under prediction of the hydrodynamic forces on the turbine blade in comparison to the forces predicted using more resolved grids. For the turbine operating conditions considered in this study, the effect of the computational timestep on the CFD solution was found to be minimal, and the results from steady and transient simulations were in good agreement. Additionally, the CFD results were compared to corresponding blade element momentum method calculations and reasonable agreement was shown. Nevertheless, we expect that for other turbine operating conditions, where the flow over the blade is separated, transient simulations will be required.

  19. Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Sather, Nichole K.; Storch, Adam; Jones, Tucker A.; Mallette, Christine; Dawley, Earl M.; Skalski, John R.; Teel, David; Moran, Paul

    2008-03-18

    This document is the first annual report for the study titled Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River. Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Councils Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program.

  20. Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sobocinski, Kathryn; Johnson, Gary; Sather, Nichole

    2008-03-17

    This document is the first annual report for the study titled 'Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River'. Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of the 2007-2009 Tidal Freshwater Monitoring Study is to answer the following questions: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE; Figure 1) are yearling and subyearling salmonids found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions?1 And, what is the ecological importance2 of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of Upper Columbia River spring Chinook salmon and steelhead and Snake River fall Chinook salmon? Research in 2007 focused mainly on the first question, with fish stock identification data providing some indication of Chinook salmon presence at the variety of habitat types sampled. The objectives and sub-objectives for the 2007 study were as follows: (1) Habitat and Fish Community Characteristics-Provide basic data on habitat and fish community characteristics for yearling and subyearling salmonids at selected sites in the tidal freshwater reach in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (1a) Characterize vegetation assemblage percent cover, conventional water quality, substrate composition, and beach slope at each of six sampling sites in various tidal freshwater habitat types. (1b) Determine fish community characteristics, including species composition, abundance, and temporal and spatial distributions. (1c) Estimate the stock of origin for the yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon captured at the sampling sites using genetic analysis. (1d) Statistically assess the relationship between salmonid abundance and habitat parameters, including ancillary variables such as temperature and river stage. (2) Acoustic Telemetry Monitoring-Assess feasibility of applying Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) technology to determine migration characteristics from upriver of Bonneville Dam through the study area (vicinity of the Sandy River delta/Washougal River confluence). (2a) Determine species composition, release locations, and distributions of JSATS-tagged fish. (2b) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for these fish. Additionally, both objectives serve the purpose of baseline research for a potential tidal rechannelization project on the Sandy River. The U.S. Forest Service, in partnership with the Bonneville Power Administration and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, is currently pursuing reconnection of the east (relict) Sandy River channel with the current channel to improve fish and wildlife habitat in the Sandy River delta. Our study design and the location of sampling sites in this reach provide baseline data to evaluate the potential restoration.

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hydrogen, Municipal Solid Waste, Combined Heat & Power, Landfill Gas, Tidal, Wave, Ocean Thermal, Other EE, Wind (Small), Hydroelectric (Small), Anaerobic Digestion Town of...

  2. Development and Verification of a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawson, Mi. J.; Li, Y.; Sale, D. C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology to simulate the hydrodynamics of horizontal-axis tidal current turbines (HATTs). First, an HATT blade was designed using the blade element momentum method in conjunction with a genetic optimization algorithm. Several unstructured computational grids were generated using this blade geometry and steady CFD simulations were used to perform a grid resolution study. Transient simulations were then performed to determine the effect of time-dependent flow phenomena and the size of the computational timestep on the numerical solution. Qualitative measures of the CFD solutions were independent of the grid resolution. Conversely, quantitative comparisons of the results indicated that the use of coarse computational grids results in an under prediction of the hydrodynamic forces on the turbine blade in comparison to the forces predicted using more resolved grids. For the turbine operating conditions considered in this study, the effect of the computational timestep on the CFD solution was found to be minimal, and the results from steady and transient simulations were in good agreement. Additionally, the CFD results were compared to corresponding blade element momentum method calculations and reasonable agreement was shown. Nevertheless, we expect that for other turbine operating conditions, where the flow over the blade is separated, transient simulations will be required.

  3. IS THERE AN INTERMEDIATE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE IN THE GALACTIC CENTER: IMPRINTS ON THE STELLAR TIDAL-DISRUPTION RATE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Xian; Liu, F. K. E-mail: fkliu@pku.edu.cn

    2013-01-10

    It has been suggested that an intermediate-massive black hole (IMBH) with mass 10{sup 3-5} M {sub Sun} could fall into the galactic center (GC) and form a massive black hole binary (MBHB) with the central supermassive black hole, but current observations are not sensitive to constrain all mass and distance ranges. Motivated by the recent discovery that MBHBs could enhance the rate of tidal-disruption events (TDEs) of stellar objects, we investigate the prospect of using stellar-disruption rate to probe IMBHs in the GC. We incorporated the perturbation by an IMBH into the loss-cone theory and calculated the stellar-disruption rates in the GC. We found that an IMBH heavier than 2000 M {sub Sun} could distinguishably enhance the stellar-disruption rate. By comparing observations of Sgr A* with the fall-back model for stellar debris, we suggested that the TDE rate in our Galaxy should not significantly exceed 0.002 yr{sup -1}, therefore a fraction of the parameter space for the IMBH, concentrating at the high-mass end, can already be excluded. To derive constraint in the remaining parameter space, it is crucial to observationally confirm or reject the stellar-disruption rate between 10{sup -4} and 10{sup -2} yr{sup -1}, and we discussed possible strategies to make such measurements.

  4. TIDAL DISRUPTIONS OF WHITE DWARFS FROM ULTRA-CLOSE ENCOUNTERS WITH INTERMEDIATE-MASS SPINNING BLACK HOLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haas, Roland; Bode, Tanja; Laguna, Pablo; Shcherbakov, Roman V.

    2012-04-20

    We present numerical relativity results of tidal disruptions of white dwarfs from ultra-close encounters with a spinning, intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH). These encounters require a full general relativistic treatment of gravity. We show that the disruption process and prompt accretion of the debris strongly depend on the magnitude and orientation of the black hole (BH) spin. However, the late-time accretion onto the BH follows the same decay, M-dot {proportional_to} t{sup -5/3}, estimated from Newtonian gravity disruption studies. We compute the spectrum of the disk formed from the fallback material using a slim disk model. The disk spectrum peaks in the soft X-rays and sustains Eddington luminosity for 1-3 yr after the disruption. For arbitrary BH spin orientations, the disrupted material is scattered away from the orbital plane by relativistic frame dragging, which often leads to obscuration of the inner fallback disk by the outflowing debris. The disruption events also yield bursts of gravitational radiation with characteristic frequencies of {approx}3.2 Hz and strain amplitudes of {approx}10{sup -18} for galactic IMBHs. The optimistic rate of considered ultra-close disruptions is consistent with no sources found in the ROSAT all-sky survey. Future missions like Wide-Field X-ray Telescope could observe dozens of events.

  5. A TWO-COMPONENT JET MODEL FOR THE TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENT SWIFT J164449.3+573451

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Dangbo; Pe'er, Asaf; Loeb, Abraham

    2015-01-01

    We analyze both the early- and late-time radio and X-ray data of the tidal disruption event (TDE) Swift J1644+57. The data at early times (? 5 days) necessitate separation of the radio and X-ray emission regions, either spatially or in velocity space. This leads us to suggest a two-component jet model, in which the inner jet is initially relativistic with Lorentz factor ? ? 15, while the outer jet is trans-relativistic, with ? ? 1.2. This model enables a self-consistent interpretation of the late-time radio data, both in terms of peak frequency and flux. We solve the dynamics, radiative cooling, and expected radiation from both jet components. We show that while during the first month synchrotron emission from the outer jet dominates the radio emission, at later times, radiation from ambient gas collected by the inner jet dominates. This provides a natural explanation to the observed re-brightening, without the need for late-time inner engine activity. After 100 days, the radio emission peak is in the optically thick regime, leading to a decay of both the flux and peak frequency at later times. Our model's predictions for the evolution of radio emission in jetted TDEs can be tested by future observations.

  6. The ultraviolet-bright, slowly declining transient PS1-11af as a partial tidal disruption event

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chornock, R.; Berger, E.; Zauderer, B. A.; Kamble, A.; Soderberg, A. M.; Czekala, I.; Dittmann, J.; Drout, M.; Foley, R. J.; Fong, W.; Kirshner, R. P.; Lunnan, R.; Marion, G. H.; Narayan, G.; Gezari, S.; Rest, A.; Riess, A. G.; Chomiuk, L.; Huber, M. E.; Lawrence, A.; and others

    2014-01-01

    We present the Pan-STARRS1 discovery of the long-lived and blue transient PS1-11af, which was also detected by Galaxy Evolution Explorer with coordinated observations in the near-ultraviolet (NUV) band. PS1-11af is associated with the nucleus of an early type galaxy at redshift z = 0.4046 that exhibits no evidence for star formation or active galactic nucleus activity. Four epochs of spectroscopy reveal a pair of transient broad absorption features in the UV on otherwise featureless spectra. Despite the superficial similarity of these features to P-Cygni absorptions of supernovae (SNe), we conclude that PS1-11af is not consistent with the properties of known types of SNe. Blackbody fits to the spectral energy distribution are inconsistent with the cooling, expanding ejecta of a SN, and the velocities of the absorption features are too high to represent material in homologous expansion near a SN photosphere. However, the constant blue colors and slow evolution of the luminosity are similar to previous optically selected tidal disruption events (TDEs). The shape of the optical light curve is consistent with models for TDEs, but the minimum accreted mass necessary to power the observed luminosity is only ?0.002 M {sub ?}, which points to a partial disruption model. A full disruption model predicts higher bolometric luminosities, which would require most of the radiation to be emitted in a separate component at high energies where we lack observations. In addition, the observed temperature is lower than that predicted by pure accretion disk models for TDEs and requires reprocessing to a constant, lower temperature. Three deep non-detections in the radio with the Very Large Array over the first two years after the event set strict limits on the production of any relativistic outflow comparable to Swift J1644+57, even if off-axis.

  7. Omega Bridge To Los Alamos "Town Site" W E S T J E M E Z R O

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bridge To Los Alamos "Town Site" W E S T J E M E Z R O A D ( N M 5 0 1 ) C A S A G R A N D E D R IV E D I A M O N D D R I V E I A I A Park and Ride V E H I C L E A C C E S S C O N T R O L P O I N T O to w i B u ild in g I A E A S T J E M E Z R O A D (T R U C K R O UT E) I A O to w i C af et er ia P ar ki ng S tr u ct ur e Research Park University House F ir e S ta ti o n #1 1 4 0 0 2 7 1 ³ IP, SPPI / GIS, September 2012 S T 2 0 5 4 LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY E A S T J E M E Z R O

  8. HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATIONS TO DETERMINE THE FEEDING RATE OF BLACK HOLES BY THE TIDAL DISRUPTION OF STARS: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE IMPACT PARAMETER AND STELLAR STRUCTURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guillochon, James; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico

    2013-04-10

    The disruption of stars by supermassive black holes has been linked to more than a dozen flares in the cores of galaxies out to redshift z {approx} 0.4. Modeling these flares properly requires a prediction of the rate of mass return to the black hole after a disruption. Through hydrodynamical simulation, we show that aside from the full disruption of a solar mass star at the exact limit where the star is destroyed, the common assumptions used to estimate M-dot (t), the rate of mass return to the black hole, are largely invalid. While the analytical approximation to tidal disruption predicts that the least-centrally concentrated stars and the deepest encounters should have more quickly-peaked flares, we find that the most-centrally concentrated stars have the quickest-peaking flares, and the trend between the time of peak and the impact parameter for deeply penetrating encounters reverses beyond the critical distance at which the star is completely destroyed. We also show that the most-centrally concentrated stars produced a characteristic drop in M-dot (t) shortly after peak when a star is only partially disrupted, with the power law index n being as extreme as -4 in the months immediately following the peak of a flare. Additionally, we find that n asymptotes to {approx_equal} - 2.2 for both low- and high-mass stars for approximately half of all stellar disruptions. Both of these results are significantly steeper than the typically assumed n = -5/3. As these precipitous decay rates are only seen for events in which a stellar core survives the disruption, they can be used to determine if an observed tidal disruption flare produced a surviving remnant. We provide fitting formulae for four fundamental quantities of tidal disruption as functions of the star's distance to the black hole at pericenter and its stellar structure: the total mass lost, the time of peak, the accretion rate at peak, and the power-law index shortly after peak. These results should be taken into consideration when flares arising from tidal disruptions are modeled.

  9. DISCOVERY OF AN ULTRASOFT X-RAY TRANSIENT SOURCE IN THE 2XMM CATALOG: A TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENT CANDIDATE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin Dacheng; Webb, Natalie A.; Barret, Didier; Carrasco, Eleazar R.; Farrell, Sean A.

    2011-09-01

    We have discovered an ultrasoft X-ray transient source, 2XMMi J184725.1-631724, which was detected serendipitously in two XMM-Newton observations in the direction of the center of the galaxy IC 4765-f01-1504 at a redshift of 0.0353. These two observations were separated by 211 days, with the 0.2-10 keV absorbed flux increasing by a factor of about nine. Their spectra are best described by a model dominated by a thermal disk or a single-temperature blackbody component (contributing {approx}>80% of the flux) plus a weak power-law component. The thermal emission has a temperature of a few tens of eV, and the weak power-law component has a photon index of {approx}3.5. Similar to the black hole X-ray binaries in the thermal state, our source exhibits an accretion disk whose luminosity appears to follow the L{proportional_to}T {sup 4} relation. This would indicate that the black hole mass is about 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6} M{sub sun} using the best-fitting inner disk radius. Both XMM-Newton observations show variability of about 21% on timescales of hours, which can be explained as due to fast variations in the mass accretion rate. The source was not detected by ROSAT in an observation in 1992, indicating a variability factor of {approx}>64 over longer timescales. The source was not detected again in X-rays in a Swift observation in 2011 February, implying a flux decrease by a factor of {approx}>12 since the last XMM-Newton observation. The transient nature, in addition to the extreme softness of the X-ray spectra and the inactivity of the galaxy implied by the lack of strong optical emission lines, makes it a candidate tidal disruption event. If this is the case, the first XMM-Newton observation would have been in the rising phase and the second one in the decay phase.

  10. Tidal Flow Turbulence Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Northwest)Na+onal)Marine) Renewable)Energy)Center) Applied)Physics)Lab,)) University)of)Washington) Field)measurements)of) turbulence)at)+dal)energy)sites) Jim)Thomson)(UW)) Brian)Polagye)(UW),)Marshall)Richmond)(PNNL),)) Vibhav)Durgesh)(PNNL),)Eric)Nelson)(NREL),)Levi)Kilcher)(NREL)) Northwest)Na+onal)Marine) Renewable)Energy)Center) Applied)Physics)Lab,)) University)of)Washington) What)do)we)want)to)know?) * Turbulence)intensity,))) * Turbulence)spectra,)TKE(f) * Extreme)values,)u max quire

  11. Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sather, NK; Johnson, GE; Storch, AJ

    2009-07-06

    The tidal freshwater monitoring (TFM) project reported herein is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers [USACE], and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. The project is being performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Project No. 2005-001-00). The research is a collaborative effort among the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the University of Washington. The overarching goal of the TFM project is to bridge the gap in knowledge between tidal freshwater habitats and the early life history attributes of migrating salmon. The research questions include: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the Columbia River are juvenile salmon found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions? What is the ecological contribution of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of ESA-listed salmon in the Columbia River basin? Field data collection for the TFM project commenced in June 2007 and since then has continued monthly at six to nine sites in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta (river kilometer 192-208). While this report includes summary data spanning the 19-month period of study from June 2007 through December 2008, it highlights sampling conducted during calendar year 2008. Detailed data for calendar year 2007 were reported previously. The 2008 research objectives were as follows: (1) Characterize the vegetation composition and percent cover, conventional water quality, water surface elevation, substrate composition, bathymetry, and beach slope at the study sites within the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (2) Characterize the fish community and juvenile salmon migration, including species composition, length-frequency distribution, density (number/m{sup 2}), and temporal and spatial distributions in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE). (3) Determine the stock of origin for juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) captured at sampling sites through genetic identification. (4) Characterize the diets of juvenile Chinook and coho (O. kisutch) salmon captured within the study area. (5) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for acoustic-tagged fish in the study area. (6) Conduct a baseline evaluation of the potential restoration to reconnect the old Sandy River channel with the delta. (7) Apply fish density data to initiate a design for a juvenile salmon monitoring program for beach habitats within the tidal freshwater segment of the LCRE (river kilometer 56-234).

  12. Effects of Tidal Turbine Noise on Fish Task 2.1.3.2: Effects on Aquatic Organisms: Acoustics/Noise - Fiscal Year 2011 - Progress Report - Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halvorsen, Michele B.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2011-09-30

    Naturally spawning stocks of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) that utilize Puget Sound are listed as threatened (http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/ESA-Salmon-Listings/Salmon-Populations/ Chinook/CKPUG.cfm). Plans exist for prototype tidal turbines to be deployed into their habitat. Noise is known to affect fish in many ways, such as causing a threshold shift in auditory sensitivity or tissue damage. The characteristics of noise, its spectra and level, are important factors that influence the potential for the noise to injure fish. For example, the frequency range of the tidal turbine noise includes the audiogram (frequency range of hearing) of most fish. This study (Effects on Aquatic Organisms, Subtask 2.1.3.2: Acoustics) was performed during FY 2011 to determine if noise generated by a 6-m-diameter open-hydro turbine might affect juvenile Chinook salmon hearing or cause barotrauma. After they were exposed to simulated tidal turbine noise, the hearing of juvenile Chinook salmon was measured and necropsies performed to check for tissue damage. Experimental groups were (1) noise exposed, (2) control (the same handling as treatment fish but without exposure to tidal turbine noise), and (3) baseline (never handled). Preliminary results indicate that low levels of tissue damage may have occurred but that there were no effects of noise exposure on the auditory systems of the test fish.

  13. Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sather, Nichole K.; Johnson, Gary E.; Storch, Adam; Teel, David; Skalski, John R.; Jones, Tucker A.; Dawley, Earl M.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Borde, Amy B.; Mallette, Christine; Farr, R.

    2009-05-29

    The tidal freshwater monitoring (TFM) project reported herein is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers [USACE], and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. The project is being performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Councils Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Project No. 2005-001-00). The research is a collaborative effort among the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the University of Washington.

  14. SWIFT J1644+57: A WHITE DWARF TIDALLY DISRUPTED BY A 10{sup 4} M{sub Sun} BLACK HOLE?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krolik, Julian H.; Piran, Tsvi E-mail: tsvi@phys.huji.ac.il

    2011-12-20

    We propose that the remarkable object Swift J1644+57, in which multiple recurring hard X-ray flares were seen over a span of several days, is a system in which a white dwarf was tidally disrupted by an intermediate-mass black hole. Disruption of a white dwarf rather than a main-sequence star offers a number of advantages in understanding the multiple, and short, timescales seen in the light curve of this system. In particular, the short internal dynamical timescale of a white dwarf offers a more natural way of understanding the short rise times ({approx}100 s) observed. The relatively long intervals between flares ({approx}5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} s) may also be readily understood as the period between successive pericenter passages of the remnant white dwarf. In addition, the expected jet power is larger when a white dwarf is disrupted. If this model is correct, the black hole responsible must have a mass {approx}< 10{sup 5} M{sub Sun }.

  15. PROBING THE STRUCTURE OF THE OUTFLOW IN THE TIDAL DISRUPTION FLARE Sw J1644+57 WITH LONG-TERM RADIO EMISSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao Di; Wang Xiangyu

    2012-12-20

    The recently discovered high-energy transient Sw J1644+57 is thought to arise from the tidal disruption of a passing star by a dormant massive black hole. The long-term, bright radio emission of Sw J1644+57 is believed to result from the synchrotron emission of the blast wave produced by an outflow expanding into the surrounding medium. Using the detailed multi-epoch radio spectral data, we are able to determine the total number of radiating electrons in the outflow at different times, and further the evolution of the cross section of the outflow with time. We find that the outflow gradually transits from a conical jet to a cylindrical one at later times. The transition may be due to collimation of the outflow by the pressure of the shocked jet cocoon that forms while the outflow is propagating in the ambient medium. Since cylindrical jets usually exist in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and extragalactic jets, this may provide independent evidence that Sw J1644+57 signals the onset of an AGN.

  16. Globular cluster scale sizes in giant galaxies: The case of M87 and the role of orbital anisotropy and tidal filling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, Jeremy J.; Sills, Alison; Harris, William E.

    2013-12-20

    We present new Hubble Space Telescope imaging of the outer regions of M87 in order to study its globular cluster (GC) population out to large galactocentric distances. We discuss, particularly, the relationship between GC effective radii r{sub h} and projected galactocentric distance R {sub gc}. The observations suggest a shallow trend r{sub h}?R{sub gc}{sup 0.14} out to R {sub gc} ? 100 kpc, in agreement with studies of other giant elliptical galaxies. To theoretically reproduce this relationship, we simulate GC populations with various distributions of orbits. For an isotropic distribution of cluster orbits, we find a steeper trend of r{sub h}?R{sub gc}{sup 0.4}. Instead, we suggest that (1) if the cluster system has an orbital anisotropy profile, where orbits become preferentially radial with increasing galactocentric distance, and (2) if clusters become more tidally underfilling with galactocentric distance, then the observed relationship can be recovered. We also apply this approach to the red and blue GC populations separately and predict that red clusters are preferentially underfilling at large R {sub gc} and have a more isotropic distribution of orbits than blue clusters.

  17. An Evidence-Based Evaluation of the Cumulative Effects of Tidal Freshwater and Estuarine Ecosystem Restoration on Endangered Juvenile Salmon in the Columbia River: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Thom, Ronald M.; Borde, Amy B.; Woodley, Christa M.; Weitkamp, Laurie A.; Buenau, Kate E.; Kropp, Roy K.

    2013-12-01

    The listing of 13 salmon and steelhead stocks in the Columbia River basin (hereafter collectively referred to as salmon) under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, has stimulated tidal wetland restoration in the lower 235 kilometers of the Columbia River and estuary for juvenile salmon habitat functions. The purpose of the research reported herein was to evaluate the effect on listed salmon of the restoration effort currently being conducted under the auspices of the federal Columbia Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program (CEERP). Linking changes in the quality and landscape pattern of tidal wetlands in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE) to salmon recovery is a complex problem because of the characteristics of the ecosystem, the salmon, the restoration actions, and available sampling technologies. Therefore, we designed an evidence-based approach to develop, synthesize, and evaluate information to determine early-stage (~10 years) outcomes of the CEERP. We developed an ecosystem conceptual model and from that, a primary hypothesis that habitat restoration activities in the LCRE have a cumulative beneficial effect on juvenile salmon. There are two necessary conditions of the hypothesis: habitat-based indicators of ecosystem controlling factors, processes, and structures show positive effects from restoration actions, and fish-based indicators of ecosystem processes and functions show positive effects from restoration actions and habitats undergoing restoration. Our evidence-based approach to evaluate the primary hypothesis incorporated seven lines of evidence, most of which are drawn from the LCRE. The lines of evidence are spatial and temporal synergies, cumulative net ecosystem improvement, estuary-wide meta-analysis, offsite benefits to juvenile salmon, landscape condition evaluation, and evidence-based scoring of global literature. The general methods we used to develop information for the lines of evidence included field measurements, data analyses, modeling, meta-analysis, and reanalysis of previously collected data sets. We identified a set of 12 ancillary hypotheses regarding habitat and salmon response. Each ancillary hypothesis states that the response metric will trend toward conditions at relatively undisturbed reference sites. We synthesized the evidence for and against the two necessary conditions by using eleven causal criteria: strength, consistency, specificity, temporality, biological gradient, plausibility, coherence, experiment, analogy, complete exposure pathway, and predictive performance. Our final evaluation included cumulative effects assessment because restoration is occurring at multiple sites and the collective effect is important to salmon recovery. We concluded that all five lines of evidence from the LCRE indicated positive habitat-based and fish-based responses to the restoration performed under the CEERP, although tide gate replacements on small sloughs were an exception. Our analyses suggested that hydrologic reconnections restore access for fish to move into a site to find prey produced there. Reconnections also restore the potential for the flux of prey from the site to the main stem river, where our data show that they are consumed by salmon. We infer that LCRE ecosystem restoration supports increased juvenile salmon growth and enhanced fitness (condition), thereby potentially improving survival rates during the early ocean stage.

  18. Three-dimensional structures of equatorial waves and the resulting super-rotation in the atmosphere of a tidally locked hot Jupiter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsai, Shang-Min; Gu, Pin-Gao; Dobbs-Dixon, Ian

    2014-10-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) equatorial trapped waves excited by stellar isolation and the resulting equatorial super-rotating jet in a vertical stratified atmosphere of a tidally locked hot Jupiter are investigated. Taking the hot Jupiter HD 189733b as a fiducial example, we analytically solve linear equations subject to stationary stellar heating with a uniform zonal-mean flow included. We also extract wave information in the final equilibrium state of the atmosphere from our radiative hydrodynamical simulation for HD 189733b. Our analytic wave solutions are able to qualitatively explain the 3D simulation results. Apart from previous wave studies, investigating the vertical structure of waves allows us to explore new wave features such as the wavefronts tilts related to the Rossby-wave resonance as well as dispersive equatorial waves. We also attempt to apply our linear wave analysis to explain some numerical features associated with the equatorial jet development seen in the general circulation model by Showman and Polvani. During the spin-up phase of the equatorial jet, the acceleration of the jet can be in principle boosted by the Rossby-wave resonance. However, we also find that as the jet speed increases, the Rossby-wave structure shifts eastward, while the Kelvin-wave structure remains approximately stationary, leading to the decline of the acceleration rate. Our analytic model of jet evolution implies that there exists only one stable equilibrium state of the atmosphere, possibly implying that the final state of the atmosphere is independent of initial conditions in the linear regime. Limitations of our linear model and future improvements are also discussed.

  19. Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Contact needs updating Image needs updating Reference needed Missing content Broken link Other Additional Comments Cancel Submit Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

  20. Illinois and Texas Towns See Weatherization Boost

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    “It cropped about a hundred bucks off my bill in the cold, cold winter,” says Springfield resident Donald Dagget, a 78-year-old retired beauty salon owner who had his 1937, two-bedroom bungalow weatherized in October.

  1. CONNECTICUT CHALLENGES TOWNS TO REDUCE ENERGY USE

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With both the household use and cost of electricity increasing and an abundance of older homes, Connecticut’s market was ripe for residential energy efficiency upgrades. Through a two-year pilot...

  2. The WCI report and Texas Town Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    we learned about the different ingredients of the EOS 6. Transport IV: radial flow (W.Friedman, C.Dorso, F. Rami) Experimental and theoretical status of the art of the expansion...

  3. Town Hall Meeting | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    introductions - name, company, potential icebreaker (what's your favorite analysis tool, programming language, energy sector..) 5 minutes OpenEI: what's new and coming soon 5...

  4. Michigan Town Committed to Sustainable Future

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Charlevoix, Mich. residents are taking steps to become a more environmentally-conscious community, and a $50,000 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant will help that cause. The funding will be used to launch projects aimed at energy efficiency and sustainability, such as retrofitting the city’s fire and emergency vehicles with new, energy-efficient lighting.

  5. National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The webinar will be a dynamic, virtual conversation for educators about ongoing efforts from across the country in utilizing the Department of Energy's Energy Literacy Framework to address one of our nation's’ biggest national challenges, energy illiteracy.

  6. OpenEI Community - Town Hall meeting

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    st, 2012 http:en.openei.orgcommunityblogtown-hall-meeting-october-1st-2012

  7. Town of Buckeye- Green Building Incentive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The program’s goals are to reduce the carbon footprint of dwelling units during construction and after; by using sustainable building structural systems, techniques and appliances for both the...

  8. NUG_TownHall_Oct2009.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting NUG Meeting 2009 Boulder CO Advanced User Support NERSC has 400 projects and 9 consultants, by consequence, the service provided often has more breadth than depth * Consultants give advice to a broad range of users but often don't have as much time to do one-on-one collaborations - Do you feel like you are getting quality technical advice? - Would it be useful to have more in depth collaborations with NERSC for software development and code optimizations? (Would you be willing to give up

  9. User-Program_Town_Hall-11.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    representative on the UEC. Nominations were accepted from the floor as follows: * Rafael Verduzco nominated by Marco Nardelli for at---large member, and seconded b y M artyn M...

  10. Recoding of the stop codon UGA to glycine by a BD1-5/SN-2 bacterium and niche partitioning between Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria in a tidal sediment microbial community naturally selected in a laboratory chemostat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanke, Anna; Hamann, Emmo; Sharma, Ritin; Geelhoed, Jeanine; Hargesheimer, Theresa; Kraft, Beate; Meyer, Volker; Lenk, Sabine; Osmers, Harald; Wu, Rong; Makinwa, Kofi; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L; Banfield, Jillian F.; Tegetmeyer, Halina; Strouss, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Sandy coastal sediments are global hot spots for microbial mineralization of organic matter and denitrification. These sediments are characterized by advective pore water flow, tidal cycling and an active and complex microbial community. Metagenomic sequencing of microbial communities sampled from such sediments showed that potential sulfuroxidizing Gammaproteobacteria and members of the enigmaticBD1-5/ SN-2 candidatephylumwereabundantinsitu (>10% and 2% respectively). By mimicking the dynamic oxic/anoxic environmental conditions of the sedimentin a laboratory chemostat, a simplified microbial community was selected from the more complex inoculum. Metagenomics, proteomics and fluorescenceinsituhybridization showed that this simplified community contained both a potential sulfuroxidizing Gamma proteobacteria (at 24 2% abundance) and a member of the BD1-5 / SN-2candidatephylum (at 7 6%abundance). Despite the abundant supply of organic substrates to the chemostat, proteomic analysis suggested that the selected gamma proteobacterium grew partially auto trophically and performed hydrogen/formate oxidation. The enrichment of a member of the BD1-5/SN-2candidatephylum enabled, for the first time, direct microscopic observation by fluorescent insitu hybridization and the experimental validation of the previously predicted translation of the stop codon UGA into glycine.

  11. DOE ZERH Case Study: New Town Builders, Town Homes at Perrin's Row, Wheat Ridge, CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning multifamily project with 26 units in the cold climate that got a HERS 54 without PV, or HERS 28 with PV, with 2x6 24” on center walls with R-23 blown fiberglass; slab foundation with R-10 rigid at slab edge; plus R-10 rigid exterior; R-22 ICF basement walls; vented attic with R-50 blown fiberglass; 92 AFUE furnace, 13 SEER AC.

  12. Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the urgent need to develop LCOE competitive renewable energy solutions for US energy security and to replace fossil-fuel generation with the associated benefits to environment ...

  13. Tidal Energy Pty Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Portugal This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Davidson Hill Venturi DHV Turbine This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved...

  14. CX-005892: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia River Inter-Tidal Fish Commission Use of White Bluffs Boat Launch and Hanford Town Boat Ramp for Salmon TaggingCX(s) Applied: B3.8Date: 04/28/2011Location(s): Richland, WashingtonOffice(s): Environmental Management, Office of River Protection-Richland Office

  15. Town of Chapel Hill - Worthwhile Investments Save Energy (WISE...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rebate Amount 20% - 40% of cost, depending on equipment or repair types. Summary Chapel Hill is using money made available to it from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of...

  16. Town_Hall_Meeting_10_29_15.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  17. Town_Hall_Slides_1_7_16.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  18. Town_Hall_Slides_2_5_15.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  19. Town_Hall_Slides_4_2_15.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  20. DOE Challenge Home Case Study, New Town Builders, Denver, CO...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a ... durability, comfort, and solar-ready components along with ... Zone: 5 * Category: Production Performance Data: * HERS ...

  1. Town Hall Slides 3_27_14.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    vivo counting) * Advantage: fast results * Disadvantages: can't detect all materials; chest wall thickness can affect results Additional samples requested or dose estimated...

  2. EECBG Success Story: Energy Detectives Help Pennsylvania Town Reduce Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Upper Darby Township, Pennsylvania received a $695,600 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) through the Recovery Act to study its energy use and set conservation goals with help from Mondre Energy. Learn more.

  3. Town of Elkton, Virginia (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elkton Place: Virginia Phone Number: 540-298-1951 Website: www.elktonva.govpublicworks.h Outage Hotline: 540-298-1951 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  4. Town of Enfield, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (252) 445-3146 Website: www.enfieldnc.orgindex.html Outage Hotline: (252) 445-3146 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  5. Town of Middleton, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 978-774-4313 Website: middletonlight.orgindex.html Facebook: https:www.facebook.commiddletondpw Outage Hotline: 978-774-4424...

  6. Old Town, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9342349, -68.6453092 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type"...

  7. Tool Kit Framework: Small Town Energy Program (STEP) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Survey Report * STEP Non-Participant Survey Report * STEP Utility Bill Analysis Report * STEP Focus Group Report * STEP Program Benchmark Report 6. Event Survey** *Document(s) not ...

  8. Town Known for First Thanksgiving Grateful for Energy Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Plymouth, Massachusetts, has made a number of energy efficiency improvements to reduce energy waste in the coming years, while also exploring opportunities to expand use of renewable energy sources.

  9. Town of Haxtun, Colorado (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Haxtun, Colorado (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: HAXTUN MUNICIPAL LIGHT & POWER DEPT Place: Colorado Phone Number: 970-774-6104 Outage Hotline: 970-774-6104...

  10. Town of Danvers, MA Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Smart Meters AMI Communications Systems 75 Home Area Networks Customer Web Portal In-Home Displays Distribution Automation Upgrades for 5 of 34 Circuits Distribution...

  11. Town of Hardwick, Vermont (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Territory: Vermont Phone Number: 802-472-5201 Website: www.hardwickelectric.com Outage Hotline: (802) 472-5201 Outage Map: vtoutages.com Green Button Access: Planned Green...

  12. Town of Sterling, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 978-422-8267 Website: www.energysterling.com Outage Hotline: (978) 422-3040 Outage Map: www.energysterling.comenergy References: EIA...

  13. Town of Concord, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phone Number: 978.318-3101 Website: www.concordnet.orgpagesconco Twitter: @CMLPmedia Outage Hotline: 978-318-3400 (After hours) Outage Map: cmlpoms.concordma.govOMSWebMa...

  14. Town of Madison, Maine (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Madison, Maine (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Madison Electric Works Place: Maine Phone Number: 207.696.4401 Website: www.madelec.net Outage Hotline:...

  15. Town of Lusk, Wyoming (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 11330 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This...

  16. Town of Boylston, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 2086 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity...

  17. Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 19979 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes...

  18. Town of Dallas, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (704) 922-9961 Website: www.dallasnc.netindex.aspx?NI Outage Hotline: (704) 922-9961 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  19. Town Hall Slides 9.4.14 FINAL.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Recovery Planning Activities - Tammy Reynolds * Closing Comments - Dana Bryson * Audience Questions * One question at a time please RECOVERY UPDATE Dana Bryson, Deputy...

  20. Town_Hall_Slides_5_22_14.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Mexico State University 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 BqKg Year Soil R esults --- A m241 Near F ield Cactus F lats...

  1. Town of Chester, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 413-354-7811 Website: townofchester.netmunicipal-el Outage Hotline: 413-354-7811 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  2. Small Towns Achieve Big Savings with Lighting Upgrades | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Crystal McDonald Project Officer, Department of Energy. Dozens of small communities ... Mid-America Regional Council became a charter member of the Energy Department's new ...

  3. Climate Systems Analysis Group (CSAG) University of Cape Town...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    about 35 members, including senior scientists, postdoctoral researchers, PhD students and administrative and technical support staff. CSAG has excellent national and...

  4. Town of Waynesville, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    electric Twitter: @WaynesvilleWNC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comWaynesvilleNC.gov?refhl Outage Hotline: (828) 456-3706 or (828) 456-5363 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  5. Town of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    selcode Twitter: @SELCOnews Facebook: https:www.facebook.comselconews?refsgm Outage Hotline: 508-841-8500 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010...

  6. Town of Argos, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Argos Place: Indiana Phone Number: (574) 892-5717 Website: www.townofargos.comindex.php Outage Hotline: 574-892-5717 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  7. Town of Avilla, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 1028 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes This article is a stub....

  8. Town of Laverne, Oklahoma (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 10777 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled...

  9. Town of Mannford, Oklahoma (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 11578 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  10. Town of Windsor, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 20811 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  11. Town of Culpeper, Virginia (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 4619 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes...

  12. Town of Berlin, Maryland (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 1615 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying...

  13. Town of Littleton, New Hampshire (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Littleton Water & Light Department Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 603-444-2915 Website: littletonwaterandlight.org Outage...

  14. Town Hall Meeting #3: Green Button | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    You must login in order to post into this group. Latest blog post comments Mike o spectacular dataset Posted: 9 Aug 2015 - 14:46 by: Mike o Calum Residential idf Files Posted:...

  15. Town of Front Royal, Virginia (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Royal Place: Virginia Phone Number: 540-635-3027 Website: www.frontroyalva.comtown-serv Twitter: @townfrontroyal Facebook: https:www.facebook.comfrontroyalva Outage...

  16. Town of Wallingford, Connecticut (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    20,909 2,285.491 21,430.775 3,675 1,209.455 12,457.41 23 5,587.545 52,209.242 24,607 2008-02 2,077.55 18,177.091 20,927 2,265.764 21,255.583 3,667 1,205.94 12,474.656 23...

  17. Town of Carrboro - Worthwhile Investments Save Energy (WISE)...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Nonprofit Savings Category Solar Water Heat Solar Photovoltaics Water Heaters Lighting Lighting ControlsSensors Heat Pumps Air conditioners Programmable Thermostats Building...

  18. Oguni Town Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Keiyo Plant Engineering Co, Waita Geothermal Power Plant, Chuo Electric Power Co Energy Purchaser Toshiba Commercial Online Date 2014 Power Plant Data Type of Plant Number...

  19. Microsoft Word - Town-Hall-meeting_2014.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (LSPR) spectroscopy Jilai Ding Georgia Institute of Technology Poster 28, Study of Ionic Dynamics in Nanostructured Ceria through Lateral Electrochemical Measurements and Finite...

  20. Town of Apex, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (919) 249-3531 Website: www.apexnc.org239Utility-Acc Facebook: https:www.apexnc.orgFacebook Outage Hotline: (919) 249-3531 References:...

  1. University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    local and international level. The organisation's core activity is energy. Under the umbrella of this first line activity, the organisation is involved in the following major...

  2. Town Hall Slides_6_19_14.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting Agenda * Opening Comments - Mayor Janway * Introductions Guidelines - Ben Williams (Moderator) * Opening Comments - Joe Franco * NWP Update - Tammy Reynolds *...

  3. EECBG Success Story: Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The city of Aurora, Illinois, has launched a rebate program that aims to help residents avoid flushing money and energy down the toilet. Learn more.

  4. Maine: Energy Efficiency Program Helps Generate Town's Electricity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency program helps municipalities with their energy bills. Thomaston, Maine, was able to install solar panels to generate 13% of the electricity used by the wastewater treatment facility.

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - Town Bluff Vegetation impact.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    's. In 1989 the used for the Lake constructed in the 1950's. In 1989 the dam was modified for the installation of Robert D. Willis dam was modified for the installation of Robert D. Willis Power Plant. The plant has two S Power Plant. The plant has two S - - Tube type turbines Tube type turbines which operate generators nominally rated at 4Mwh each. which operate generators nominally rated at 4Mwh each. Actual power production has rarely exceeded 3.6Mwh Actual power production has rarely

  6. Town_Hall_Slides_5_8_14

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    event scene * We will also collect additional samples from Panel 7 to help with the forensic analysis Environmental Sampling Update * 3 new water samples collected March 26 from...

  7. EECBG Success Story: Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Learn more. Addthis Related Articles EECBG Success Story: Chicagoland County Saving Green by Going Green EECBG Success Story: Oregon Program Aims to Create Jobs, Save Energy...

  8. Why Los Alamos? Quality of life makes town "Best Of"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    healthy counties in every state. The ranking is based on key factors that influence health such as education rates, income levels, and access to healthy foods and medical care....

  9. Town Hall Slides 4-10-14 FINAL.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Additional Recovery Items - Dana Bryson, Tammy Reynolds * Environmental Sampling - Stewart Jones * Environmental Protection Agency * Worth Noting - Dana Bryson * Shipments...

  10. Diversity Town Hall Draws a Crowd at the Energy Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    “For our own good, we want as wide of a talent pool as we can get,” Secretary Steven Chu said in his remarks to employees. “[Diversity] is a good thing and an important thing to do. It’s also the right thing to do.”

  11. Town of Selma, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (919) 965-9841 Website: www.selma-nc.comelectrical-di Outage Hotline: (919) 965-9841 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  12. Town of Mansfield, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phone Number: 508-261-7361 Website: www.mansfieldelectric.com Twitter: @mansfieldma Facebook: https:www.facebook.comtownofmansfield Outage Hotline: 508-261-7300...

  13. President Obama Talks Clean Energy At Facebook Town Hall | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and the purpose and impact of the 2009 Recovery Act: "We made the largest investment in history in clean energy research, and it's really paying off. For example, when I came...

  14. Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... geographical information can be integrated to the analysis. ... can be used to build a decision support system to select ... F Figure 9. Overv view map, data a layers and the e legend ...

  15. Rhapsody: II. Subhalo Properties and the Impact of Tidal Stripping...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SLAC Michigan U. ; Hahn, Oliver ; KIPAC, Menlo Park SLAC ETH, Zurich ; Wechsler, Risa H. ; Behroozi, Peter S. ; Mao, Yao-Yuan ; KIPAC, Menlo Park SLAC Publication Date:...

  16. MHK Technologies/Tidal Defense and Energy System TIDES | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of its hydro blades to vary the ratio of freely flowing water-to-water contact over its blade surfaces. In 2006, Oceana entered into a Cooperative Research & Development Agreement...

  17. MHK Technologies/Tidal Hydraulic Generators THG | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Description The concept of generating energy in this way is made unique by our novel design feature. The generator, devised in 1998, is a hydraulic accumulator system,...

  18. MHK Technologies/Tidal Lagoons | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to shape the output curve in order to dispatch power in response to demand price signals. The impoundment structure is a conventional rubble mound breakwater (loose rock,...

  19. Earth Tidal Analysis At East Mesa Geothermal Area (1984) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is assumed to respond in an undrained fashion. Since undrained response is controlled by water compressibility, earth tide response can be directly used only to evaluate porous...

  20. Earth Tidal Analysis At Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is assumed to respond in an undrained fashion. Since undrained response is controlled by water compressibility, earth tide response can be directly used only to evaluate porous...

  1. NREL Uses Computing Power to Investigate Tidal Power (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-10-01

    Until now, wind turbine controls that reduce the impacts of wind gusts and turbulence were always reactive - responding to the wind rather than anticipating it. But with today's laser-based sensors that measure wind speed ahead of the turbine, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and their industry partners are developing more intelligent controls. The world's first field tests of these controls are currently underway at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at NREL, with plans for future commercialization.

  2. MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    eLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Project Profile Project Start Date 112006 Project City Port Townsend, WA Project StateProvince Washington Project Country United States...

  3. Sandia Energy - Tidal Energy Resource Assessment in the East...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    current at the site is highly regular, which is desirable because it allows accurate electricity supply forecasting. The mean ebb and mean flood flow directions are nearly...

  4. MHK Projects/Wrangell Narrows Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.6324,"lon":-132.936,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:prod-http-80-800498448.us-east...

  5. Rhapsody: II. Subhalo Properties and the Impact of Tidal Stripping...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Close Cite: Bibtex Format Close 0 pages in this document matching the terms "" Search For Terms: Enter terms in the toolbar above to search the full text of this document for ...

  6. MHK Projects/Gastineau Channel Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-13606 Environmental Monitoring and...

  7. MHK Projects/Fishers Island Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14395 Environmental Monitoring and...

  8. MHK Projects/Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys <<...

  9. MHK Projects/Dorchester Maurice Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14223 Environmental Monitoring and...

  10. MHK Projects/Margate Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14224 Environmental Monitoring and...

  11. MHK Projects/Wiscasset Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys <<...

  12. MHK Projects/Orient Point Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14333 Environmental Monitoring and...

  13. MHK Projects/Cohansey River Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14127 Environmental Monitoring and...

  14. MHK Projects/BW2 Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14222 Environmental Monitoring and...

  15. MHK Projects/Maurice River Tidal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14234 Environmental Monitoring and...

  16. MHK Projects/Salem Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-13849 Environmental Monitoring and...

  17. MHK Projects/Cape May Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-14232 Environmental Monitoring and...

  18. MHK Projects/Killisnoo Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing FERC License Docket Number P-13823 Environmental Monitoring and...

  19. MHK Projects/Rockaway Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Natural Currents Energy Services Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesRED HAWK Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys <<...

  20. First Commercial, Grid-Connected, Hydrokinetic Tidal Energy Project...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Advanced water power technologies include devices capable of extracting electrical power from waves, water currents, and ocean thermal temperature differences. They also included ...

  1. Measuring the Impact of Tidal Power Installations on Endangered...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    footprint could have on the distribution, relative abundance, and behavior of the whales. ... The Water Power Program is committed to developing and deploying a portfolio of innovative ...

  2. Tidal Stream Power Web GIS Tool | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    are generated by interpolating the model results from computational grids onto an ArcGIS raster grid with 0.003 resolution and are useful for a quick visual examination.1...

  3. Experimental Test Plan DOE Tidal and River Reference Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neary, Vincent S; Hill, Craig; Chamorro, Leonardo; Gunawan, Budi

    2012-09-01

    Our aim is to provide details of the experimental test plan for scaled model studies in St. Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL) Main Channel at the University of Minnesota, including a review of study objectives, descriptions of the turbine models, the experimental set-up, instrumentation details, instrument measurement uncertainty, anticipated experimental test cases, post-processing methods, and data archiving for model developers.

  4. Earth Tidal Analysis At Salton Sea Geothermal Area (1980) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    response to barometric loading using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) stochastic modeling appears also to have potential use for the evaluation of...

  5. Fracture orientation analysis by the solid earth tidal strain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    method has been successfully demonstrated at a naturally fractured geothermal field (Raft River) in Southeastern Idaho and at an oil field in Western Canada. Both case studies...

  6. Reservoir response to tidal and barometric effects | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    results or core data at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF), California and at the Raft River, Geothermal Field (RRGF), Idaho. Porosity-total compressibility product...

  7. All Eyes on Eastport: Tidal Energy Project Brings Change, Opportunity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vice President of Perry Marine & Consctruction. | Photo Courtesy of Ocean Renewable Power Company. Captain Gerald "Gerry" Morrison, Vice President of Perry Marine & ...

  8. DOE Tour of Zero: The Hale Plan by New Town Builders | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    over the outer walls for full-depth attic insulation. 8 of 8 High-efficiency advanced framing techniques reduce the lumber use while providing more room for insulation. This...

  9. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrTownGas | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden...

  10. VP 100: A Smart Grid Initiative in an Eco-Conscious Town

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Naperville, Illinois is improving their long-term electricity distribution through the implementation of the Naperville Smart Grid Initiative (NSGI) -- to the tune of $3million in savings over a 15-year period.

  11. EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed Wray Wind Energy Project, for approximately 90 megawatts of wind generation, to Western’s existing Wray Substation in Yuma County, Colorado.

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, CO

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Denver, CO, that achieves HERS 38 without PV or HERS -3 with 8.0 kW of PV. The 2,115-ft2 two-story production home has 9.5-in.-thick double-stud walls...

  13. Town Hall Meeting July 23th, 2012 | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    introductions - name, company, potential icebreaker (what's your favorite analysis tool, programming language, energy sector..) Topic will be user feedback on OpenEI. Please join...

  14. Town Hall Meeting August 6th, 2012 | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    introductions - name, company, potential icebreaker (what's your favorite analysis tool, programming language, energy sector..) Topic will be geothermal related with Geothermal...

  15. Town Hall Meeting July 9th, 2012 | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    introductions - name, company, potential icebreaker (what's your favorite analysis tool, programming language, energy sector..) Topic focus for July 9: Discussion of utility rates...

  16. DOE Tour of Zero: The ArtiZEN Plan by New Town Builders | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    blocking unwanted heat gain in summer and heat loss in winter. 4 of 9 Advanced ENERGY STAR appliances and lighting contribute to energy savings. 5 of 9 Like all DOE Zero Energy...

  17. EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOEs Bonneville Power Administration was preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of replacing an existing seasonal fish weir with a permanent weir, which would have been used to monitor federally-listed Snake River steelhead and collect spring Chinook salmon adults to support ongoing supplementation programs in the watershed. The Bureau of Land Management, a cooperating agency, preliminarily determined Lolo Creek to be suitable for Congressional designation into the Wild and Scenic River System. The EA included a Wild and Scenic River Section 7 analysis. This project was canceled.

  18. DOE Announces Webinars on Geothermal FORGE Initiative, National Energy Literacy Virtual Town Hall, and More

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    EERE offers webinars to the public on a range of subjects, from adopting the latest energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies, to training for the clean energy workforce. Webinars are free; however, advanced registration is typically required. You can also watch archived webinars and browse previously aired videos, slides, and transcripts.

  19. OpenEI Town Hall Meeting #4 | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    You must login in order to post into this group. Latest blog post comments Mike o spectacular dataset Posted: 9 Aug 2015 - 14:46 by: Mike o Calum Residential idf Files Posted:...

  20. EECBG Success Story: Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. The state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Learn more.