Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Analysis of photovoltaic total energy systems for single family residential applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance and cost-effectiveness of three photovoltaic total energy system concepts designed to meet the thermal and electrical demands of a typical single family house are compared. The three photovoltaic total energy system concepts considered are: (1) All-photovoltaic systems. Passively air-cooled photovoltaic panels provide electricity to meet both electrical and thermal demands. (2) Separate-panel systems. Solar thermal panels provide thermal energy, while passively air-cooled photovoltaic panels serve the purely electric demand. (3) Combined thermal/electric panel systems. Water-cooled photovoltaic panels provide both thermal energy (transported by cooling water) and electrical energy to meet the separate thermal and electrical demands. Additional passively air-cooled photovoltaic panels are added, as required, to meet the electrical demand. The thermal demand is assumed to consist of the energy required for domestic hot water and space heating, while the electrical demand includes the energy required for baseload power (lights, appliances, etc.) plus air conditioning. An analysis procedure has been developed that permits definition of the panel area, electrical and/or thermal storage capacity, and utility backup energy level that, in combination, provide the lowest annual energy cost to the homeowner for each system concept for specified assumptions about costs and system operations. The procedure appears capable of being used to approximately any size system using solar collectors, as well as in any application where the thermal and/or electrical demand is being provided by solar energy, with utility or other conventional backup. This procedure has been used to provide results for homes located in Phoenix, Arizona, and Madison, Wisconsin, and to evaluate the effects of array and backup power costs and the desirability of selling excess electrical energy back to the utility. (WHK)

Chobotov, V.; Siegel, B.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Survey and screening of intermediate-size photovoltaic total energy and electric applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One of the principal objectives of this photovoltaic mission analysis effort has been to identify and evaluate applications for photovoltaic solar energy conversion that could lead to significant contributions to the national energy supply and that would provide attractive opportunities for application experiments aimed at stimulating the adoption of photovoltaic technology. The scope of the study has included applications both for electric-only photovoltaic (PV) systems and for photovoltaic total energy systems (PTES), i.e., systems that provide both photovoltaic electricity and solar thermal energy to meet all or part of the energy demand at a single load point or a group of related load points. In either case, both flat-plate and concentrating systems have been considered and it has been assumed that the thermal energy is collected in and transported by the fluid used in an active cooling system for the photovoltaic cells. Because the efficiency of photovoltaic devices decreases rapidly with increasing temperature and because the operational lifetime of such devices is reduced by prolonged operation at elevated temperatures, a practical upper limit of about 200/sup 0/C (400/sup 0/F) was assumed for the temperature at which arrays can be allowed to be operated. This limitation, in turn, places an upper bound on the temperature at which solar thermal energy is available in PTES applications. An initial screening aimed at identifying the most promising applications has therefore been required, with the expectation that detailed evaluation will be made of only the higher-ranking candidates. A description of the screening procedure that was adopted and a discussion of the results are presented.

Rattin, E.J.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Photovoltaics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics August 16, 2013 - 4:47pm Addthis Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as...

4

Energy Basics: Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as solar cells. Photovoltaics can literally be...

5

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cells  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

6

Energy Basics: Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

7

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

8

Photovoltaic Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic Energy Conversion Frank Zimmermann #12;Solar Electricity Generation Consumes no fuel Buy Solar Energy Stocks? Make Photovoltaics your Profession! #12;Challenges Make solar cells more and fossil fuel depletion problems! #12;Photovoltaics: Explosive Growth #12;Take Advantage of Solar Megatrend

Glashausser, Charles

9

Energy 101: Solar Photovoltaics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Solar Photovoltaics Energy 101: Solar Photovoltaics February 10, 2011 - 5:29pm Addthis Learn more about photovoltaic systems that convert light energy into electricity....

10

Definition: Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Photovoltaics Pertaining to the direct conversion of light into electricity[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity using semiconductors that exhibit the photovoltaic effect. Photovoltaic power generation employs solar panels composed of a number of solar cells containing a photovoltaic material. Materials presently used for photovoltaics include monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, and copper indium gallium selenide/sulfide. Due to the increased demand for renewable energy sources, the manufacturing of solar cells and photovoltaic arrays has advanced

11

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Structures  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

12

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Performance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

13

Energy Basics: Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

14

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic System Performance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

15

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Materials  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

16

Category:Photovoltaic | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total. A American Photovoltaics B British Photovoltaic Association I Integrated Photovoltaics L Ligitek...

17

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation The Photovoltaic (PV) Engineering group at NREL validates energy ratings methods by standards committees to establish an energy rating methodology. We are evaluating techniques to account for the impact on PV performance from variations in the spectral distribution of solar radiation. Two types of methods were evaluated for correcting the short-circuit current of PV modules for variations in the solar spectrum under clear skies: (1) empirical relationships based on air mass, and (2) use of spectral irradiance models and PV module spectral response data. Methods of the first type were the Sandia National Laboratories absolute air-mass function, or f(AMa), and the CREST air-mass function, or f(AM). The second

18

Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Technology characterizations Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module[1] Resources Portable Solar Photovoltaic Lanterns: Performance and Certification Specification, and Type Approval, ESMAP TECHNICAL PAPER 078 Testing of Storage Batteries used in Stand Alone Photovoltaic Power Systems, Test procedures and examples of test results Technical Specifications for Solar Home Systems (SHS), Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development (PV Component) Project

19

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Performance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Performance Photovoltaic (PV), or solar cells use the energy in sunlight to produce electricity. However, the amount of electricity produced depends on the quality of the light...

20

Energy 101: Solar Photovoltaics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Solar Photovoltaics 101: Solar Photovoltaics Energy 101: Solar Photovoltaics February 10, 2011 - 5:29pm Addthis Learn more about photovoltaic systems that convert light energy into electricity. Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The literal translation of the word photovoltaic is light-electricity. Photovoltaic systems generate power without pollution - and recent advancements have greatly increased their efficiency. Enough energy from the sun hits the earth every hour to power the planet for an entire year-and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems are a clean, cost-effective way to harness that power for homes and businesses. The literal translation of the word photovoltaic is light-electricity-and this is exactly what photovoltaic materials and devices do-they convert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics (Redirected from Photovoltaic) Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from NREL's description of photovoltaic technology.)[1] Photovoltaic Panels Solar cells, also called photovoltaic (PV) cells by scientists, convert sunlight directly into electricity. PV gets its name from the process of converting light (photons) to electricity (voltage), which is called the PV effect. The PV effect was discovered in 1954, when scientists at Bell Telephone discovered that silicon (an element found in sand) created an electric charge when exposed to sunlight. Soon solar cells were being used to power space satellites and smaller items like calculators and watches. Today, thousands of people power their homes and businesses with individual

22

EA-341 Photovoltaic Technologies, LLC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Photovoltaic Technologies, LLC EA-341 Photovoltaic Technologies, LLC Order authorizing Photovoltaic Technologies, LLC to export electric energy to Mexico EA- 341 Photovoltaic...

23

Photovoltaics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as solar cells. Photovoltaics can literally be translated as light-electricity.

24

Photovoltaic Cell Performance Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photovoltaic Cell Performance Basics August 19, 2013 - 4:55pm Addthis Photovoltaic (PV), or solar cells use the energy in sunlight to produce electricity. However, the amount...

25

Energy Conversion – Photovoltaic, Concentrating Solar Power, and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Energy Conversion – Photovoltaic, Concentrating Solar Power, and  ...

26

Hybrid photovoltaic/thermal solar energy system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Heating and cooling systems that use hybrid solar energy collectors (combination photovoltaic-thermal) have the potential for considerable energy savings, particularly when the system includes a heat pump. Economic evaluations show that photovoltaic systems are potentially most economical, but results depend critically on future collector costs as well as energy prices. Results are based on a specially developed computer program that predicted the total auxiliary energy required for five different solar heating/cooling systems. Performance calculations for a modeled residence and small office building were made using meteorological data from four geographic locations. Annual system costs were also calculated.

Kern, E.C. Jr.; Russell, M.C.

1978-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

27

Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics (Redirected from Solar Photovoltaics) Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from NREL's description of photovoltaic technology.)[1] Photovoltaic Panels Solar cells, also called photovoltaic (PV) cells by scientists, convert sunlight directly into electricity. PV gets its name from the process of converting light (photons) to electricity (voltage), which is called the PV effect. The PV effect was discovered in 1954, when scientists at Bell Telephone discovered that silicon (an element found in sand) created an electric charge when exposed to sunlight. Soon solar cells were being used to power space satellites and smaller items like calculators and watches. Today, thousands of people power their homes and businesses with individual

28

Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics (Redirected from - Solar PV) Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from NREL's description of photovoltaic technology.)[1] Photovoltaic Panels Solar cells, also called photovoltaic (PV) cells by scientists, convert sunlight directly into electricity. PV gets its name from the process of converting light (photons) to electricity (voltage), which is called the PV effect. The PV effect was discovered in 1954, when scientists at Bell Telephone discovered that silicon (an element found in sand) created an electric charge when exposed to sunlight. Soon solar cells were being used to power space satellites and smaller items like calculators and watches. Today, thousands of people power their homes and businesses with individual

29

Category:Photovoltaic Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Photovoltaic Incentives Jump to: navigation, search Category for Photovoltaic Incentives. Pages in category "Photovoltaic Incentives" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 334 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) A Advanced Energy Tax Credit (Corporate) (New Mexico) Advanced Energy Tax Credit (Personal) (New Mexico) AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Purchase Program (Ohio) AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Technology Program (Ohio) AEP SWEPCO - SMART Source Solar PV Program (Texas) AEP Texas Central Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program (Texas)

30

Energy Basics: Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

31

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

32

Energy Basics: Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

33

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Conversion Efficiency  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

34

Energy Basics: Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

35

Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(The following text is derived from NREL's description of photovoltaic (The following text is derived from NREL's description of photovoltaic technology.)[1] Photovoltaic Panels Solar cells, also called photovoltaic (PV) cells by scientists, convert sunlight directly into electricity. PV gets its name from the process of converting light (photons) to electricity (voltage), which is called the PV effect. The PV effect was discovered in 1954, when scientists at Bell Telephone discovered that silicon (an element found in sand) created an electric charge when exposed to sunlight. Soon solar cells were being used to power space satellites and smaller items like calculators and watches. Today, thousands of people power their homes and businesses with individual solar PV systems. Utility companies are also using PV technology for large

36

Chapter 9: Photovoltaic DevicesChapter 9: Photovoltaic Devices Solar energy spectrumSolar energy spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Photovoltaic devices or solar cells convert thePhotovoltaic devices or solar cells convert the incident solar 4 Solar cell plant #12;Cars powered by photovoltaic devices PHYS 5320 Chapter Nine 5 #12;SolarChapter 9: Photovoltaic DevicesChapter 9: Photovoltaic Devices Solar energy spectrumSolar energy

Wang, Jianfang

37

PVT -- A photovoltaic/thermal concentrator total energy system: Final phase 1 project report. Building opportunities in the U.S. for photovoltaics (PV:BONUS) Two  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

United Solar completed its Phase 1 report and its proposal for Phase 2 of the PVBONUS Two program at the end of March 1998. At the same time, it also completed and submitted a proposal to the California Energy Commission PIER program for additional funding to cost-share development and testing of a pre-production model of the PVT-14. It was unsuccessful in both of these proposed efforts. While waiting for the proposal decisions, work continued in April and May to analyze the system design and component decisions described below. This document is a final summation report on the Phase 1 effort of the PVBONUS Two program that describes the key technical issues that United Solar and its subcontractor, Industrial Solar Technology Corporation, worked on in preparation of a Phase 2 award. The decisions described were ones that will guide the design and fabrication of a pre-production prototype of a 1500:1 mirrored concentrator with gallium arsenide cells when United solar resumes its development work. The material below is organized by citing the key components that underwent a design review, what the company considered, what was decided, the name of the expected supplier, if not to be produced in-house, and some information about expected costs. The cost figures given are usually budgetary estimates, not the result of firm quotations or extensive analysis.

NONE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its photovoltaics subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Photovoltaic Geographical Information System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Geographical Information System Photovoltaic Geographical Information System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaic Geographical Information System Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pvgis/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaic-geographical-information Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation This tool provides a geographical inventory of solar energy resources and an assessment of the electricity generation from photovoltaic systems in Europe, Africa, and southwest Asia. The tools allows for analysis of the technical, environmental, and socio-economic factors of solar electricity generation. Users may access maps and posters generated using the tool, as

40

Photovoltaic Technology Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photovoltaic Technology Basics Photovoltaic Technology Basics Photovoltaic Technology Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:47pm Addthis Text Version Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as solar cells. Photovoltaics can literally be translated as light-electricity. First used in about 1890, "photovoltaic" has two parts: photo, derived from the Greek word for light, and volt, relating to electricity pioneer Alessandro Volta. And this is what photovoltaic materials and devices do-they convert light energy into electrical energy, as French physicist Edmond Becquerel discovered as early as 1839. Becquerel discovered the process of using sunlight to produce an electric current in a solid material. But it took more than another century to truly

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Ligitek Photovoltaic | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Ligitek Photovoltaic Jump to: navigation, search Name Ligitek Photovoltaic Place Taiwan Sector Solar Product Ligitek solar...

42

Economic and Environmental Analysis of Photovoltaic Energy ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 22, 2012 ... Economic and Environmental Analysis of Photovoltaic Energy ... However, their approach is based on a specific net tariff system that was used ...

43

Nanostructured Photovoltaics: - Home - Energy Innovation Portal  

Atomic Layer Deposition Thin Film Technology ... Photovoltaic manufacturing is an emerging industry that promises a carbon-free, nearly limitless source of energy ...

44

Dazhan Photovoltaic Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City, Zhejiang Province, China Sector Solar Product China-based solar energy cell and LED automatic lighting systems manufacturer. References Dazhan Photovoltaic Co1 LinkedIn...

45

Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: Themarginal impacts of photovoltaic (PV) energy systems on home

Hoen, Ben

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

an entire PV system. This system is usually everything needed to meet a particular energy demand, such as powering a water pump, the appliances and lights in a home, or-if the...

47

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cells  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

mounting hardware, power-conditioning equipment, and batteries that store solar energy for use when the sun is not shining. When light shines on a PV cell, it may be...

48

Canrom Photovoltaics Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Canrom Photovoltaics Inc Canrom Photovoltaics Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Canrom Photovoltaics Inc Place Niagara Falls, New York Zip 14305 Sector Solar Product Developer of a thin-film CdTe based solar electric module. References Canrom Photovoltaics Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Canrom Photovoltaics Inc is a company located in Niagara Falls, New York . References ↑ "Canrom Photovoltaics Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Canrom_Photovoltaics_Inc&oldid=343203" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

49

Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Technology Deployment Renewable Energy Federal Requirements Renewable Resources & Technologies

50

Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices Title Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices...

51

Photovoltaic Energy Program overview, fiscal year 1997  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Photovoltaic Energy Program fosters the widespread acceptance of photovoltaic (PV) technology and accelerates commercial use of US PV products. The Program is founded on a collaborative strategy involving industry, the research and development community, potential users, utilities, and state and federal agencies. There are three main Program elements: Systems Engineering and Applications, Technology Development, and Research and Development.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Conversion Efficiency  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, is the percentage of the solar energy shining on a PV device that is converted into electrical energy, or electricity....

53

Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS Jump to: navigation, search Name Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS) Place Spain Sector Solar Product Spanish solar project developer. The firm is a subsidiary of Norwegian energy company Statkraft. References Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS) is a company located in Spain . References ↑ "Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energies_and_Photovoltaics_Spain_S_L_REPS&oldid=350310"

54

List of Photovoltaics Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Incentives Photovoltaics Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 2359 Photovoltaics Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-1000) CSV (rows 1001-1500) CSV (rows 1501-2000) CSV (rows 2001-2359) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) Corporate Tax Credit Vermont Commercial Industrial Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat No AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Purchase Program (Ohio) Performance-Based Incentive Ohio Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Photovoltaics Wind energy Yes AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Technology Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Agricultural

55

Photovoltaic Technology Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Basics Technology Basics Photovoltaic Technology Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:47pm Addthis Text Version Photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, and PV cells are commonly known as solar cells. Photovoltaics can literally be translated as light-electricity. First used in about 1890, "photovoltaic" has two parts: photo, derived from the Greek word for light, and volt, relating to electricity pioneer Alessandro Volta. And this is what photovoltaic materials and devices do-they convert light energy into electrical energy, as French physicist Edmond Becquerel discovered as early as 1839. Becquerel discovered the process of using sunlight to produce an electric current in a solid material. But it took more than another century to truly

56

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Balance of System | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Balance of System Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Balance of System August 20, 2013 - 4:29pm Addthis Complete photovoltaic (PV) energy systems are composed of three subsystems....

57

Sandia National Laboratory Photovoltaic Design Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sandia National Laboratory Photovoltaic Design Resources Sandia National Laboratory Photovoltaic Design Resources (Redirected from Photovoltaic Design Resources at Sandia National Laboratories) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Photovoltaic Design Resources at Sandia National Laboratories Agency/Company /Organization: Sandia National Laboratories Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Pathways analysis Website: www.sandia.gov/ References: Sandia's Photovoltaic Research and Development Program [1] Sandia National Laboratories' Photovoltaic Research and Development program works with industry and academia to accelerate development and acceptance of technologies for photovoltaic energy systems. The program has published a series of handbooks and booklets that describe design guidelines for stand-alone photovoltaic system installations,

58

Sandia National Laboratory Photovoltaic Design Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sandia National Laboratory Photovoltaic Design Resources Sandia National Laboratory Photovoltaic Design Resources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaic Design Resources at Sandia National Laboratories Agency/Company /Organization: Sandia National Laboratories Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Pathways analysis Website: www.sandia.gov/ References: Sandia's Photovoltaic Research and Development Program [1] Sandia National Laboratories' Photovoltaic Research and Development program works with industry and academia to accelerate development and acceptance of technologies for photovoltaic energy systems. The program has published a series of handbooks and booklets that describe design guidelines for stand-alone photovoltaic system installations, photovoltaic water pumping systems, and evaluating photvoltaic applications

59

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

by a photovoltaic (PV) cell to the number of photons-or packets of light-of a given energy shining on the solar cell. Quantum efficiency therefore relates to the response of a...

60

Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DO PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS AFFECT RESIDENTIAL SELLINGopportunity employer. DO PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS AFFECThave sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at

Hoen, Ben

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Solar energy storage through the homogeneous electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide : photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photochemical and Photovoltaic Solar-Energy Converters. J.Photovoltaic and Photoelectrochemical Conversion of Solar Energy.Electrode Solar Energy Anode Photovoltaic Cell Cathode PP

Sathrum, Aaron John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on HomeEffects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Homewith existing photovoltaic (PV) energy systems have sold in

Hoen, Ben

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

An Analysis of the Effects of Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Residential Selling Prices in California.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Homewith existing photovoltaic (PV) energy systems have sold ingrid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) energy systems were

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Improved Organic Photovoltaics - Energy Innovation Portal  

Solar Photovoltaic Improved Organic Photovoltaics B4 Materials For Organic Semiconductor Applications, Including Molecular Electronics And Organic Photovoltaics

65

Energy Basics: Polycrystalline Thin Film Used in Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

66

Energy Basics: Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Balance of System  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

67

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Electrical Contacts and Cell Coatings  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

68

Energy Basics: Single-Crystalline Thin Film Used in Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

69

Energy Basics: Types of Silicon Used in Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Cells Systems Concentrating Solar...

70

Concentrator Photovoltaic System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concentrator Photovoltaic System Basics Concentrator Photovoltaic System Basics Concentrator Photovoltaic System Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:12pm Addthis Concentrator photovoltaic (PV) systems use less solar cell material than other PV systems. PV cells are the most expensive components of a PV system, on a per-area basis. A concentrator makes use of relatively inexpensive materials such as plastic lenses and metal housings to capture the solar energy shining on a fairly large area and focus that energy onto a smaller area-the solar cell. One measure of the effectiveness of this approach is the concentration ratio-in other words, how much concentration the cell is receiving. Concentrator PV systems have several advantages over flat-plate systems. First, concentrator systems reduce the size or number of cells needed and

71

Photovoltaics Value Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Photovoltaics Value Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Value Analysis Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Environmental Website: www.nrel.gov/analysis/pdfs/42303.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaics-value-analysis Policies: Financial Incentives This study addresses photovoltaics (PV) distributed systems technology development; advanced distribution systems integration; system-level tests and demonstrations; technical and market analysis; resource assessment; and codes, standards, and regulatory implementation. The study defines a set of PV benefits and costs, such as greenhouse gas abatement or reliability, and then examines a series of case studies to ascertain whether the benefits of

72

Lab Breakthrough: Microelectronic Photovoltaics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microelectronic Photovoltaics Microelectronic Photovoltaics Lab Breakthrough: Microelectronic Photovoltaics June 7, 2012 - 9:31am Addthis Sandia developed tiny glitter-sized photovoltaic (PV) cells that could revolutionize solar energy collection. The crystalline silicon micro-PV cells will be cheaper and have greater efficiencies than current PV collectors. View the entire YouTube Lab Breakthroughs playlist. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are MEMS? MEMS are microelectromechanical systems. MEMS are made up of components between 1 to 100 micrometers in size. MEMS devices generally range in size from 20 micrometers to a millimeter. Sandia National Lab semiconductor engineer Gregory Nielson and postdoctoral appointee Jose Luis Cruz-Campa recently took some time to discuss their

73

American Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Photovoltaics American Photovoltaics Name American Photovoltaics Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Solar Product Will manufacture thin-film solar modules Website http://apv-us.com/ Coordinates 29.752554°, -95.3704009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.752554,"lon":-95.3704009,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

74

Photovoltaics: Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP) (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet summarizing the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its photovoltaics subprogram.

Not Available

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

FEMP Renewable Energy Fact Sheet: Photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic energy systems, which convert sunlight to electricity, can meet many different needs in Federal facilities. This fact sheet describes how photovoltaic (PV) energy systems can be used to provide electricity for lighting, communications, refrigeration, fans, signs, pumps, drilling equipment, emergency power packs, and cathodic (corrosion) protection, among others. Applications for PV power in Federal facilities include staff housing, parking areas, campgrounds, marinas, visitor centers, roadside communications equipment, ranger stations, underground pipelines, irrigation and disinfecting systems, and disaster response units. PV systems are particularly suitable and cost-effective for facilities that now use diesel power or that are in remote areas far from electric power lines.

NONE

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems August 20, 2013 - 4:12pm Addthis Concentrator photovoltaic (PV) systems use less solar cell material than other...

77

Photovoltaic energy: Contract list, fiscal year 1990  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The federal government has conducted the National Photovoltaics Program since 1975. Its purpose is to provide focus, direction, and funding for the development of terrestrial photovoltaic technology as an energy option for the United States. In the past, a summary was prepared each year to provide an overview of the government-funded activities within the National Photovoltaics Program. Tasks conducted in-house by participating national laboratories or under contract by industrial, academic, and other research institutes were highlighted. This year's document is more concise than the summaries of previous years. The FY 1990 contract overview comprises a list of all subcontracts begun, ongoing, or completed by Sandia National Laboratory or the Solar Energy Research Institute during FY 1990 (October 1, 1989, through September 30, 1990). Under each managing laboratory, projects are listed alphabetically by project area and then by subcontractor name.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Solar energy storage through the homogeneous electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide : photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity from photovoltaic cells to convert CO 2 intoSolar Energy Anode Photovoltaic Cell Cathode PP Mesh SpacerCoupling a Photovoltaic Solar Cell with a Homogeneous

Sathrum, Aaron John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Integrated Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Integrated Photovoltaics Name Integrated Photovoltaics Place Sunnyvale, California Product California-based stealth mode PV startup. Coordinates 32.780338°, -96.547405° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.780338,"lon":-96.547405,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

80

Photovoltaics as a worldwide energy source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic energy systems have historically been treated as a bulk power generation source for the future. However, utilities and other agencies involved with electrification throughout the world are beginning to find photovoltaics a least-cost option to meet specific loads both for themselves and their customers, in both off-grid and grid-connected applications. These expanding markets offer the potential of hundreds of megawatts of sales in the coming decade, but a strategy addressing both industrial growth and user acceptance is necessary to capitalize on this opportunity. 11 refs.

Jones, G.J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that provide necessary weather data to compute solar radiation quantities. This survey of solar databases efforts which accelerate the development and deployment of photovoltaic solar energy as a significant SUMMARY Solar radiation at ground level is a necessary input for performances modeling and sizing of PV

82

Photovoltaic energy program overview: Fiscal year 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the 1994 overview for the Photovoltaic Energy Program. The topics of this overview include cooperative research projects to improve PV systems and develop pre-commercial prototypes of new PV products, expanding understanding of the fundamental mechanisms governing the formation and performance of PV materials, and helping US industry enhance its leadership position in the PV market.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Tianda Photovoltaic Co Ltd Yunnan Tianda Photovoltaic | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tianda Photovoltaic Co Ltd Yunnan Tianda Photovoltaic Tianda Photovoltaic Co Ltd Yunnan Tianda Photovoltaic Jump to: navigation, search Name Tianda Photovoltaic Co Ltd (Yunnan Tianda Photovoltaic) Place Kunming, Yunnan Province, China Zip 650033 Sector Solar Product Crystalline solar cell and module manufacturer. Coordinates 25.051001°, 102.702011° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25.051001,"lon":102.702011,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

84

Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Photovoltaic Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of photovoltaic conversion of solar energy into electricity. The objective of Task 1 of the IEA Photovoltaic Power will take place at the Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center, on the Sede Boqer Campus of Ben at Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., USA "Photovoltaics: Standards and qualification" Andreas W. Bett Materials

Krothapalli, Anjaneyulu

85

Energy Capture with Optimized Photovoltaic Cells under Low Lighting Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimization of photovoltaic devices for versatile conditions is necessary to improve the energy capture for indoor applications, such as self sufficient sensors. However, the design rules of standard outdoor solar cells are not applicable for cells ... Keywords: energy harvesting, indoor photovoltaics, low lighting conditions, photovoltaic cells

Karola Ruhle, Leonhard M. Reindl, Martin Kasemann

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Energy Performance Evaluation of Photovoltaic Power Converters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work investigates test methods to compare the energy performance of different competing photovoltaic (PV) power converter technologies and topologies. New power converter approaches and technology are regularly introduced in the market, with promises to harness more energy than their competitors. To independently evaluate the performance of these technologies, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is analyzing existing standards, as well as experimenting with various performance ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

87

Photovoltaic Experts GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Experts GmbH Photovoltaic Experts GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name Photovoltaic Experts GmbH Place Germany Sector Services, Solar Product Germany-based company provides all services and products related to solar energy. References Photovoltaic Experts GmbH[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Photovoltaic Experts GmbH is a company located in Germany . References ↑ "Photovoltaic Experts GmbH" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Photovoltaic_Experts_GmbH&oldid=374821" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs Photovoltaic What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

88

Online fault detection and tolerance for photovoltaic energy harvesting systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic energy harvesting systems (PV systems) are subject to PV cell faults, which decrease the efficiency of PV systems and even shorten the PV system lifespan. Manual PV cell fault detection and elimination are expensive and nearly impossible ... Keywords: fault detection, fault tolerance, photovoltaic panel reconfiguration, photovoltaic system

Xue Lin; Yanzhi Wang; Di Zhu; Naehyuck Chang; Massoud Pedram

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

"YEAR","MONTH","STATE","UTILITY CODE","UTILITY NAME","RESIDENTIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","COMMERCIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATIONPHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL PHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","COMMERCIAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATION WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","COMMERCIAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATION OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL TOTAL ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY (MWh)","COMMERCIAL TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATION TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","COMMERCIAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITYFOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","RESIDENTIAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","COMMERCIAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","INDUSTRIAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","TRANSPORTATION INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","RESIDENTIAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","COMMERCIAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","INDUSTRIAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","TRANSPORTATION NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TRANSPORTATIONPHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL PHOTOVOLTAIC NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","COMMERCIAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL WIND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL WIND INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATION WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL WIND NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","COMMERCIAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL OTHER ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL OTHER INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATION OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL OTHER NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL TOTAL ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY (MWh)","COMMERCIAL TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","INDUSTRIAL TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TRANSPORTATION TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK (MWh)","RESIDENTIAL TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","COMMERCIAL TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","INDUSTRIAL TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TRANSPORTATION TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","TOTAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY (MW)","RESIDENTIAL TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","COMMERCIAL TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","INDUSTRIAL TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TRANSPORTATION TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","TOTAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT","RESIDENTIAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","COMMERCIAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","TOTAL ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD BACK TO THE UTILITYFOR ALL STATES SERVED(MWh)","RESIDENTIAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","COMMERCIAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","INDUSTRIAL INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","TRANSPORTATION INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","INSTALLED NET METERING CAPACITY FOR ALL STATES SERVED(MW)","RESIDENTIAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","COMMERCIAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","INDUSTRIAL NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","TRANSPORTATION NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED","NET METERING CUSTOMER COUNT FOR ALL STATES SERVED"

90

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic System Performance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

regulator, specified either as peak power or average power produced during one day. Energy output The energy (watt-hour or Wh) output. This indicates the amount of energy...

91

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Solar Energy Research Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy Research Facility Solar Energy Research Facility Photo of the Solar Energy Research Facility. The exterior stepped clerestory of the Solar Energy Research Facility. Photovoltaics (PV) and basic energy sciences are two major research areas conducted in the Solar Energy Research Facility (SERF). The building incorporates a multitude of energy saving features that make it one of the government's most energy efficient buildings with 40 percent lower energy costs than similar buildings designed to meet federal energy standards. The SERF houses three adjoining modules each containing a laboratory pod and an office pod. Laboratories in the west module are used to develop semiconductor material for high-efficiency crystalline solar cells. Laboratories in the center module are used to fabricate prototype solar

92

Southwest Photovoltaic Systems Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southwest Photovoltaic Systems Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Southwest Photovoltaic Systems Inc Place Tomball, Texas Zip 77375 Product Distributor of small scale PV systems...

93

British Photovoltaic Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Association Jump to: navigation, search Name British Photovoltaic Association Place Milton Keynes, United Kingdom Zip MK5 8NG Product Trade body for the PV industry in...

94

Aternating current photovoltaic building block - Energy ...  

A modular apparatus for and method of alternating current photovoltaic power generation comprising via a photovoltaic module, generating power in the form of direct ...

95

Alternating Current Photovoltaic Building Block - Energy ...  

This technology provides a fully integrated and self-containing alternating current (AC) photovoltaic (PV) Building Block device and method that allows photovoltaic ...

96

Photovoltaics Value Clearinghouse | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Photovoltaics Value Clearinghouse Jump to: navigation, search The Photovoltaics Value...

97

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Energy Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Total Energy Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Total Energy Flow diagram image Footnotes: 1 Includes lease condensate. 2 Natural gas plant liquids. 3 Conventional hydroelectric power, biomass, geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, and wind. 4 Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 5 Natural gas, coal, coal coke, biofuels, and electricity. 6 Adjustments, losses, and unaccounted for. 7 Natural gas only; excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. 8 Petroleum products, including natural gas plant liquids, and crude oil burned as fuel. 9 Includes 0.01 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net exports. 10 Includes 0.13 quadrillion Btu of electricity net imports. 11 Total energy consumption, which is the sum of primary energy consumption, electricity retail sales, and electrical system energy losses.

98

Energy Basics: Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

inexpensive materials such as plastic lenses and metal housings to capture the solar energy shining on a fairly large area and focus that energy onto a smaller area-the solar...

99

Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: glfc.cfsnet.nfis.org/mapserver/pv/pvmapper.phtml?LAYERS=2700,2701,2057 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaic-potential-and-insolation Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Net Metering & Interconnection These interactive maps give estimates of the electricity that can be generated by grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) arrays without batteries and of the mean daily global insolation for any location in Canada. Insolation data was provided by the Data Analysis and Archive Division, Meteorological

100

Energy Basics: Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Balance of System  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Balance of System Complete photovoltaic (PV) energy systems are composed of three subsystems. On the power-generation side, the first subsystem of PV devices (cells, modules, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Direct Use of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PV-DC refers to the direct use of photovoltaic (PV) energy in an appliance or other equipment without a grid connection. Most (over 90) of the new deployments of PV solar panels connect to the ac electric grid and do not use dc energy directly. These grid-connected PV systems use an electronic inverter to convert the dc array output to ac power for interfacing with the grid. However, with double-digit growth in all types of PV applications, the direct use of solar for powering end-use loads needs to be m...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Renewable Energies III Photovoltaics, Solar & Geo-Thermal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energies III Photovoltaics, Solar & Geo-Thermal 21st August - 2nd September 2011 2011 will provide students with a solid foundation in renewable energies (especially photovoltaics of renewable energies. Accommodation is arranged in fully-equipped cosy holiday flats with fellow students

103

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Materials  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

one crystal to another. Bandgap The bandgap of a semiconductor material is the minimum energy needed to move an electron from its bound state within an atom to a free state. This...

104

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Cell Structures  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the middle, is Eg2; and Cell 3, at the bottom, is Eg3. The top cell captures the high-energy photons and passes the rest of the photons on to be absorbed by lower-bandgap cells. A...

105

Energy Perspectives, Total Energy - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Energy Total Energy Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Monthly Annual Analysis & Projections this will be filled with a highchart PREVIOUSNEXT Energy Perspectives 1949-2011 September 2012 PDF | previous editions Release Date: September 27, 2012 Introduction Energy Perspectives is a graphical overview of energy history in the United States. The 42 graphs shown here reveal sweeping trends related to the Nation's production, consumption, and trade of energy from 1949 through 2011. Energy Flow, 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Total Energy Flow diagram image For footnotes see here. Energy can be grouped into three broad categories. First, and by far the largest, is the fossil fuels-coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuels have stored the sun's energy over millennia past, and it is primarily

106

Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics P Ltd UPV Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics P Ltd UPV Solar Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics P Ltd UPV Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics (P) Ltd. (UPV Solar) Place Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India Zip 641 407 Sector Solar Product Coimbatore-based manufacturers & exporters Of solar PV cells. Coordinates 11.01167°, 76.98406° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":11.01167,"lon":76.98406,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Standard Terminology Relating to Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This terminology pertains to photovoltaic (radiant-to-electrical energy conversion) device performance measurements and is not a comprehensive list of terminology for photovoltaics in general. 1.2 Additional terms used in this terminology and of interest to solar energy may be found in Terminology E 772.

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Online Fault Detection and Tolerance for Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Fault Detection and Tolerance for Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting Systems Xue Lin 1 , Yanzhi, yanzhiwa, dizhu, pedram}@usc.edu, 2 naehyuck@elpl.snu.ac.kr ABSTRACT Photovoltaic energy harvesting systems (PV systems) are subject to PV cell faults, which decrease the efficiency of PV systems and even

Pedram, Massoud

109

Photovoltaic Cell Materials | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials Photovoltaic Cell Materials August 19, 2013 - 4:43pm Addthis Although crystalline silicon cells are the most common type, photovoltaic (PV), or solar cells, can be made...

110

Photovoltaic Cell Basics | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cell Basics Photovoltaic Cell Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:53pm Addthis Photovoltaic (PV) cells, or solar cells, take advantage of the photoelectric effect to produce electricity. PV...

111

total energy | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

total energy total energy Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 1, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion BTUs, and quantifies the energy prices using U.S. dollars. The data is broken down into total production, imports, exports, consumption, and prices for energy types. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO consumption EIA export import production reference case total energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary - Reference Case (xls, 112.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

112

Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies Photovoltaic Resources and Technologies October 7, 2013 - 9:22am Addthis Graphic of the eTraining logo Training Available Selecting, Implementing, and Funding Photovoltaic Systems in Federal Facilities: Learn how to select, implement, and fund a photovoltaic system by taking this FEMP eTraining course. This page provides a brief overview of photovoltaic (PV) technologies supplemented by specific information to apply PV within the Federal sector. Overview Photovoltaic cells convert sunlight into electricity. Systems typically include a PV module or array made of individual PV cells installed on or near a building or other structure. A power inverter converts the direct current (DC) electricity produced by the PV cells to alternative current

113

U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap Agency/Company /Organization: United States Photovoltaics Industry Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Implementation, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.nrel.gov/docs/gen/fy03/30150.pdf References: U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap[1] Overview "To meet this challenge, we - the U.S.-based PV industry - have developed this roadmap as a guide for building our domestic industry, ensuring U.S. technology ownership, and implementing a sound commercialization strategy that will yield significant benefits at minimal cost. Putting the roadmap into action will call for reasonable and

114

Storing unsteady energy, like photovoltaically generated electric energy, as potential energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A proposal to store unsteady energy in potential energy via lifting masses with a rough quantitative overview. Some applications and methods to harvest the potential energy are also given. A focus is put on photovoltaically generated energy.

Kutz, Nadja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Storing unsteady energy, like photovoltaically generated electric energy, as potential energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A proposal to store unsteady energy in potential energy via lifting masses with a rough quantitative overview. Some applications and methods to harvest the potential energy are also given. A focus is put on photovoltaically generated energy.

Nadja Kutz

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

116

Photovoltaic Energy Program Overview Fiscal Year 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Significant activities in the National Photovoltaic Program are reported for each of the three main program elements. In Research and Development, advances in thin-film materials and crystalline silicon materials are described. The Technology Development report describes activities in photovoltaic manufacturing technology, industrial expansion, module and array development, and testing photovoltaic system components. Systems Engineering and Applications projects described include projects with government agencies, projects with utilities, documentation of performance for international applications, and product certification.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

SPUTTERED THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAICS - Home - Energy ...  

for photovoltaic (PV) applications .These processes result in films with better unif ormity over ... ultimately resulting in a more efficient solar ce ...

118

Economic and Environmental Analysis of Photovoltaic Energy ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 22, 2012 ... Production of electricity by the burning of fossil fuels produces a lot of carbon .... as fossil fuel, nuclear, hydroelectric, photovoltaic, and so on.

119

Glitter™ Photovoltaic Technology - Energy Innovation Portal  

Technology Marketing Summary Revolutionary microsolar technology utilizes glitter-sized photovoltaic cells to change how we generate and use solar power.

120

Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Solar Photovoltaics Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Solar Photovoltaics Rebate Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Solar Photovoltaics Rebate Program (Florida) Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Solar Photovoltaics Rebate Program (Florida) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $20,000 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies '''''All funds for Progress Energy Florida's SunSense Solar PV Rebate program have been committed at this time.''''' Progress Energy Florida (PEF) has allocated $1.9 million per year towards residential photovoltaic (PV) incentives. PEF will accept applications annually from residential customers both wishing to install a PV system and qualifying for a rebate. Reservations for a rebate will be issued on a first-come basis, however a reservation does not guarantee that a rebate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Enhanced Reliability of Photovoltaic Systems with Energy Storage and Controls  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes efforts to reconfigure loads during outages to allow individual customers the opportunity to enhance the reliability of their electric service through the management of their loads, photovoltaics, and energy storage devices.

Manz, D.; Schelenz, O.; Chandra, R.; Bose, S.; de Rooij, M.; Bebic, J.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Solar Photovoltaic and solar  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies International Energy Outlook 2009 Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies Solar power is one of the fastest-growing sources of renewable energy worldwide. Many nations, concerned about the environmental impacts of electricity generation from fossil fuels or from large-scale hydroelectric plants, have been turning to solar power as an environmentally benign alternative. The solar energy that reaches the earth can be harnessed to generate electric power, and the potential for large-scale applications of solar power has improved markedly in recent years. Two solar power technologies—solar photovoltaic and solar thermal—are widely employed today, and their use is likely to increase in the future.

123

Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency Title Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2013 Authors Ly, Peter, George Ban-Weiss, Nathan Finch, Craig Wray, Mark de Ogburn, William W. Delp, Hashem Akbari, Scott Smaby, Ronnen Levinson, and Bret Gean Corporate Authors SEI Group Inc. Document Number ESTCP EW-200813 Pagination 156 pp. Date Published 09/2013 Publisher Naval Facilities Engineering Command - Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center Type Technical Report Report Number TR-NAVFAC-EXWC-PW-1303 Keywords Buildings Energy Efficiency, energy efficiency, Energy Usage, renewable energy, Renewable Energy: Policy & Programs Abstract

124

Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quantum Efficiency Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency August 20, 2013 - 3:05pm Addthis Quantum efficiency (QE) is the ratio of the number of charge carriers collected by a...

125

Matching Photovoltaic Orientation to Energy Loads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rather than orienting rooftop installation of photovoltaics (PV) to maximize power for the individual customer-generator, we analyze design and performance of integrated PV for two alternate objectives: 1.) maximizing the volume of grid sellbacks, and ...

Seth Blumsack; Jeffrey Brownson; Jeff Rayl

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Photovoltaics -- Energy for the new millennium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Photovoltaic Program Five-Year Plan is being published today, January 1, 2000. This five-year plan provides a strategy for research and development to advance the technology.

Cook, G.; Gwinner, D.

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

127

Poudre Valley REA - Photovoltaic Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Poudre Valley REA - Photovoltaic Rebate Program Poudre Valley REA - Photovoltaic Rebate Program Poudre Valley REA - Photovoltaic Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $4,500 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $1.50 per watt Provider Poudre Valley REA Poudre Valley REC is providing rebates to their residential customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes. This rebate program was timed to coincide with the Colorado Governor's Energy Office's (GEO) state-wide rebate program, and Poudre Valley REC customers are permitted to receive both rebates. Before receiving a rebate, applicants must have an energy audit of their home that includes a blower door test. The audit must

128

Modular assembly of a photovoltaic solar energy receiver  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a modular assembly of a solar energy concentrator having a photovoltaic energy receiver with passive cooling. Solar cell means are fixedly coupled to a radiant energy concentrator. Tension means bias a large area heat sink against the cell thereby allowing the cell to expand or contract with respect to the heat sink due to differential heat expansion.

Graven, Robert M. (Downers Grove, IL); Gorski, Anthony J. (Lemont, IL); Schertz, William W. (Batavia, IL); Graae, Johan E. A. (Elmhurst, IL)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Photovoltaics Economic Calculator (United States) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Economic Calculator (United States) Photovoltaics Economic Calculator (United States) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Economic Calculator (United States) Focus Area: Solar Topics: System & Application Design Website: instance.celadonapps.com/insolation/insolation.html Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaics-economic-calculator-uni Web-based tool that allows users to describe their solar system in detail and provides a detailed breakdown of power production and system economics. It uses the TMY2 solar data from the United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Resource Data Center. This model is appropriate for U.S.-based users, but it could also serve as an adaptable model example for other countries. References

130

Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing Place Lawrenceville, New Jersey Zip 8648 Sector Solar Product A subsidiary of EPV solar, based in New Jersey, focused on manufacturing of PV cells. Coordinates 36.761678°, -77.845048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.761678,"lon":-77.845048,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

Photovoltaic System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System Basics System Basics Photovoltaic System Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:00pm Addthis A photovoltaic (PV), or solar electric system, is made up of several photovoltaic solar cells. An individual PV cell is usually small, typically producing about 1 or 2 watts of power. To boost the power output of PV cells, they are connected together to form larger units called modules. Modules, in turn, can be connected to form even larger units called arrays, which can be interconnected to produce more power, and so on. In this way, PV systems can be built to meet almost any electric power need, small or large. Illustration of solar cells combined to make a module and modules combined to make an array. The basic PV or solar cell produces only a small amount of power. To produce more power, cells can be interconnected to

132

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Photovoltaics Economics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics Economics Calculator Photovoltaics Economics Calculator Web-based tool which allows you to describe your solar system in detail and provides a detailed breakdown of what sort of power you'll get out of it and how economical of a investment the system will be. It uses the TMY2 solar data from the NREL Renewable Resource Data Center. This calculator allows users to customize their setup, providing greater feedback on how much power is provided when, and most importantly, a detailed economics breakdown of how the investment works out. It also keeps track of battery charge states for off-grid users. Screen Shots Keywords solar, photovoltaic, economics Validation/Testing Validated against PVWatts, a widely recognized solar power output calculator. When given the exact same conditions, power production is

133

ENERGY MODELING OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY WITHIN HYBRID WIND / PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY MODELING OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY WITHIN HYBRID WIND / PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS O. GERGAUD, G Abstract: Within the scope of full-scale energy modeling of a hybrid wind / photovoltaic system coupled / photovoltaic production system coupled to the network grid (with energy storage) ENERGY MODELING OF A LEAD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Interim performance criteria for photovoltaic energy systems. [Glossary included  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is a response to the Photovoltaic Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-590) which required the generation of performance criteria for photovoltaic energy systems. Since the document is evolutionary and will be updated, the term interim is used. More than 50 experts in the photovoltaic field have contributed in the writing and review of the 179 performance criteria listed in this document. The performance criteria address characteristics of present-day photovoltaic systems that are of interest to manufacturers, government agencies, purchasers, and all others interested in various aspects of photovoltaic system performance and safety. The performance criteria apply to the system as a whole and to its possible subsystems: array, power conditioning, monitor and control, storage, cabling, and power distribution. They are further categorized according to the following performance attributes: electrical, thermal, mechanical/structural, safety, durability/reliability, installation/operation/maintenance, and building/site. Each criterion contains a statement of expected performance (nonprescriptive), a method of evaluation, and a commentary with further information or justification. Over 50 references for background information are also given. A glossary with definitions relevant to photovoltaic systems and a section on test methods are presented in the appendices. Twenty test methods are included to measure performance characteristics of the subsystem elements. These test methods and other parts of the document will be expanded or revised as future experience and needs dictate.

DeBlasio, R.; Forman, S.; Hogan, S.; Nuss, G.; Post, H.; Ross, R.; Schafft, H.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Photovoltaic Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Date: May 17, 2012 ENI Renewable Energy Prize 2012 The prestigious ENI Renewable and Non-conventional Energy Prize 2012 has been awarded to Harry Atwater of the California Institute of Technology and Albert cells Atwater's and Polman's research addresses the key problems in photovoltaic technology: 1

Krothapalli, Anjaneyulu

136

Photovoltaic Cell Structure Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Structure Basics Structure Basics Photovoltaic Cell Structure Basics August 19, 2013 - 4:50pm Addthis The actual structural design of a photovoltaic (PV), or solar cell, depends on the limitations of the material used in the PV cell. The four basic device designs are: Homojunction Devices Crystalline silicon is the primary example of this kind of cell. A single material-crystalline silicon-is altered so that one side is p-type, dominated by positive holes, and the other side is n-type, dominated by negative electrons. The p/n junction is located so that the maximum light is absorbed near it. The free electrons and holes generated by light deep in the silicon diffuse to the p/n junction and then separate to produce a current if the silicon is of sufficiently high quality. In this homojunction design, these aspects of the cell may be varied to

137

American Photovoltaics LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LP LP Jump to: navigation, search Name American Photovoltaics LP Place Houston, Texas Product Manufactures and markets thin-film photovoltaic modules. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

138

Photovoltaic System Performance Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System Performance Basics System Performance Basics Photovoltaic System Performance Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:17pm Addthis Photovoltaic (PV) systems are usually composed of numerous solar arrays, which in turn, are composed of numerous PV cells. The performance of the system is therefore dependent on the performance of its components. Reliability The reliability of PV arrays is an important factor in the cost of PV systems and in consumer acceptance. However, the building blocks of arrays, PV cells, are considered "solid-state" devices with no moving parts and, therefore, are highly reliable and long-lived. Therefore, reliability measurements of PV systems are usually focused not on cells but on modules and whole systems. Reliability can be improved through fault-tolerant circuit design, which

139

Photovoltaic Cell Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cell Basics Cell Basics Photovoltaic Cell Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:53pm Addthis Photovoltaic (PV) cells, or solar cells, take advantage of the photoelectric effect to produce electricity. PV cells are the building blocks of all PV systems because they are the devices that convert sunlight to electricity. Commonly known as solar cells, individual PV cells are electricity-producing devices made of semiconductor materials. PV cells come in many sizes and shapes, from smaller than a postage stamp to several inches across. They are often connected together to form PV modules that may be up to several feet long and a few feet wide. Modules, in turn, can be combined and connected to form PV arrays of different sizes and power output. The modules of the array make up the major part of a PV system, which can also include electrical connections,

140

Photovoltaic Silicon Cell Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Silicon Cell Basics Silicon Cell Basics Photovoltaic Silicon Cell Basics August 20, 2013 - 2:19pm Addthis Silicon-used to make some the earliest photovoltaic (PV) devices-is still the most popular material for solar cells. Silicon is also the second-most abundant element in the Earth's crust (after oxygen). However, to be useful as a semiconductor material in solar cells, silicon must be refined to a purity of 99.9999%. In single-crystal silicon, the molecular structure-which is the arrangement of atoms in the material-is uniform because the entire structure is grown from the same crystal. This uniformity is ideal for transferring electrons efficiently through the material. To make an effective PV cell, however, silicon has to be "doped" with other elements to make n-type and p-type layers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Photovoltaic Cell Material Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Material Basics Material Basics Photovoltaic Cell Material Basics August 19, 2013 - 4:43pm Addthis Although crystalline silicon cells are the most common type, photovoltaic (PV), or solar cells, can be made of many semiconductor materials. Each material has unique strengths and characteristics that influence its suitability for specific applications. For example, PV cell materials may differ based on their crystallinity, bandgap, absorbtion, and manufacturing complexity. Learn more about each of these characteristics below or learn about these solar cell materials: Silicon (Si)-including single-crystalline Si, multicrystalline Si, and amorphous Si Polycrystalline Thin Films-including copper indium diselenide (CIS), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and thin-film silicon Single-Crystalline Thin Films-including high-efficiency material

142

Photovoltaics as an operating energy system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the short time since the discovery of the modern solar cell in 1954, terrestrial photovoltaic power system technology has matured in all areas, from collector reliability to system and subsystem design and operations. Today's PV systems are finding widespread use in powering loads where conventional sources are either unavailable, unreliable, or too costly. A broad range of applications is possible because of the modularity of the technology---it can be used to power loads ranging from less than a watt to several megawatts. This inherent modularity makes PV an excellent choice to play a major role in rural electrification in the developing world. The future for grid-connected photovoltaic systems is also very promising. Indications are that several of today's technologies, at higher production rates and in megawatt-sized installations, will generate electricity in the vicinity of $0.12/kWh in the near future. 12 refs., 3 figs.

Jones, G.J.; Post, H.N.; Thomas, M.G.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Department of Energy: Photovoltaics program - FY 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Photovoltaic Program supports efforts to make PV an important part of the US economy through three main program elements: Research and Development, Technology Development, and Systems Engineering and Applications. (1) Research and Development activities generate new ideas, test the latest scientific theories, and push the limits of PV efficiencies in laboratory and prototype materials and devices. (2) Technology Development activities apply laboratory innovations to products to improve PV technology and the manufacturing techniques used to produce PV systems for the market. (3) Systems Engineering and Applications activities help improve PV systems and validate these improvements through tests, measurements, and deployment of prototypes. In addition, applications research validates, sales, maintenance, and financing mechanisms worldwide. (4) Environmental, Health, Safety and Resource Characterization activities help to define environmental, health and safety issues for those facilities engaged in the manufacture of PV products and organizations engaged in PV research and development. All PV Program activities are planned and executed in close collaboration and partnership with the U.S. PV industry. The overall PV Program is planned to be a balanced effort of research, manufacturing development, and market development. Critical to the success of this strategy is the National Photovoltaic Program`s effort to reduce the cost of electricity generated by photovoltaic. The program is doing this in three primary ways: by making devices more efficient, by making PV systems less expensive, and by validating the technology through measurements, tests, and prototypes.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

144

Energy analysis of facade-integrated photovoltaic systems applied to UAE commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

Developments in the design and manufacture of photovoltaic cells have recently been a growing concern in the UAE. At present, the embodied energy pay-back time (EPBT) is the criterion used for comparing the viability of such technology against other forms. However, the impact of PV technology on the thermal performance of buildings is not considered at the time of EPBT estimation. If additional energy savings gained over the PV system life are also included, the total EPBT could be shorter. This paper explores the variation of the total energy of building integrated photovoltaic systems (BiPV) as a wall cladding system applied to the UAE commercial sector and shows that the ratio between PV output and saving in energy due to PV panels is within the range of 1:3-1:4. The result indicates that for the southern and western facades in the UAE, the embodied energy pay-back time for photovoltaic system is within the range of 12-13 years. When reductions in operational energy are considered, the pay-back time is reduced to 3.0-3.2 years. This study comes to the conclusion that the reduction in operational energy due to PV panels represents an important factor in the estimation of EPBT. (author)

Radhi, Hassan [Architectural Engineering Department, UAE University, Al-ain (United Arab Emirates)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Analysis | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Analysis Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Analysis Eligibility Utility Savings For Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Information...

146

Standards for photovoltaic energy conversion systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides the results of a search for existing domestic standards and related documents for possible application in the development of a standards base for photovoltaic energy conversion systems. The search resulted in locating about 150 test methods, recommended practices, standards, solar-thermal performance criteria, and other standards-related documents. They are listed by topic areas in the appendix. The listing was prepared to assist those involved in developing performance criteria for photovoltaic systems and in identifying methods to test system performance against these criteria. It is clear from the results of the search that few standards are directly applicable to terrestrial solar photovoltaic systems and that much standards development is required to support the commercialization of such systems.

Schafft, H. A.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Graphene-based photovoltaic cells for near-field thermal energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene-based photovoltaic cells for near-field thermal energy conversion Riccardo Messina to a photovoltaic cell can be largely enhanced because of the contribution of evanescent photons, in particular important source of energy. By approaching a photovoltaic (PV) cell3 in proximity of a thermal emitter

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Dynamic reconfiguration of photovoltaic energy harvesting system in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) energy harvesting system is a promising energy source for battery replenishment in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs.) The PV cell array is installed on different parts of a vehicle body such as the engine hood, door panels, and the roof ... Keywords: dynamic programming., hybrid electric vehicle, photovoltaic array reconfiguration, photovoltaic system

Yanzhi Wang; Xue Lin; Naehyuck Chang; Massoud Pedram

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Photovoltaic Cell Conversion Efficiency Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conversion Efficiency Basics Conversion Efficiency Basics Photovoltaic Cell Conversion Efficiency Basics August 20, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis The conversion efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, is the percentage of the solar energy shining on a PV device that is converted into electrical energy, or electricity. Improving this conversion efficiency is a key goal of research and helps make PV technologies cost-competitive with more traditional sources of energy. Factors Affecting Conversion Efficiency Much of the energy from sunlight reaching a PV cell is lost before it can be converted into electricity. But certain characteristics of solar cell materials also limit a cell's efficiency to convert the sunlight it receives. Wavelength of Light Light is composed of photons-or packets of energy-that range in

150

T O T Section 7. Total Energy L E N E R G Y Total Energy Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Residential Sector Solar thermal direct use energy and photovoltaic electricity net generation ... dent population as published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bu-

151

Solar total energy project Shenandoah  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document presents the description of the final design for the Solar Total Energy System (STES) to be installed at the Shenandoah, Georgia, site for utilization by the Bleyle knitwear plant. The system is a fully cascaded total energy system design featuring high temperature paraboloidal dish solar collectors with a 235 concentration ratio, a steam Rankine cycle power conversion system capable of supplying 100 to 400 kW(e) output with an intermediate process steam take-off point, and a back pressure condenser for heating and cooling. The design also includes an integrated control system employing the supervisory control concept to allow maximum experimental flexibility. The system design criteria and requirements are presented including the performance criteria and operating requirements, environmental conditions of operation; interface requirements with the Bleyle plant and the Georgia Power Company lines; maintenance, reliability, and testing requirements; health and safety requirements; and other applicable ordinances and codes. The major subsystems of the STES are described including the Solar Collection Subysystem (SCS), the Power Conversion Subsystem (PCS), the Thermal Utilization Subsystem (TUS), the Control and Instrumentation Subsystem (CAIS), and the Electrical Subsystem (ES). Each of these sections include design criteria and operational requirements specific to the subsystem, including interface requirements with the other subsystems, maintenance and reliability requirements, and testing and acceptance criteria. (WHK)

None

1980-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

152

Photovoltaic energy: Program overview, fiscal year 1990  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This summary is prepared each year to provide an overview of the government-funded activities within the National Photovoltaics Program. The 1990 PV Program Achievements are listed. Launched the PV Manufacturing Technology initiative, designed to systematically lower PV module costs. Inaugurated the PV Concentrator Technologies Initiative by signing eight multiyear, cost-shared technology development subcontracts with concentrator companies. Established the PV Polycrystalline Thin-Film Initiative by signing six multiyear, cost-shared technology development subcontracts with six polycrystalline thin-film companies. Continued the Amorphous Silicon Project by awarding three new research and development contracts. Focused the resources of three program laboratories on finding solutions to industry's manufacturing problems: the Photovoltaic Device Fabrication Laboratory at Sandia National Laboratories and the Module Failure Analysis Laboratory and the Encapsulant Research Laboratory at SERI. Established an ongoing program to assist utilities in using PV for cost-effective, high-value applications. Completed nearly all of the construction planned for the first phase of PVUSA at Davis, California. Worked with the crystalline silicon PV industry on novel, low-cost cell fabrication processes and on resolving encapsulant problems. Took part in the development of qualification procedures tests for thin- and thick-film flat-plate modules and concentrator modules.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cell Quantum Efficiency Basics Cell Quantum Efficiency Basics Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency Basics August 20, 2013 - 3:05pm Addthis Quantum efficiency (QE) is the ratio of the number of charge carriers collected by a photovoltaic (PV) cell to the number of photons-or packets of light-of a given energy shining on the solar cell. Quantum efficiency therefore relates to the response of a solar cell to the various wavelengths in the spectrum of light shining on the cell. The QE is given as a function of either wavelength or energy. If all the photons of a certain wavelength are absorbed and the resulting minority carriers (for example, electrons in a p-type material) are collected, then the QE at that particular wavelength has a value of one. The QE for photons with energy below the bandgap is zero.

154

New EIA data show total grid-connected photovoltaic solar capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Using new information, EIA combines data on utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity with customer-sited PV capacity, as reported in the graphic.

155

New Tomorrow Photovoltaic Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tomorrow Photovoltaic Co Ltd Tomorrow Photovoltaic Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name New Tomorrow Photovoltaic Co Ltd Place Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip 518112 Sector Solar Product Produces solar flashlights, solar garden lights, solar cooling caps, solar road warning lights, solar home lighting systems, DC energy-saving lamps and a serials of other photovoltaic products. Coordinates 22.546789°, 114.112556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.546789,"lon":114.112556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

156

Photovoltaic energy impacts on US CO{sub 2} emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential role of photovoltaic (PV) technology in reducing CO{sub 2} emissions was evaluated in an energy-environmental economic systems model. The model examines the role of photovoltaic energy systems in a competitive market environment. PV technology is already competitive for certain niche markets. Further growth in those markets is expected as well as expansion into other markets. Decreasing cost penalties should provide greater incentive for expansion of niche markets. This analysis indicated that, while PV was not projected to be competitive as a general source of electricity supply to the grid by 2030, it did become an attractive technology for this purpose after 2010 under carbon constraint, even if the carbon constraint was limited to stability of emissions at the 1990 level.

Morris, S.C.; Lee, J.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Goldstein, G.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Systems Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Systems August 20, 2013 - 4:03pm Addthis The most common photovoltaic (PV) array design uses flat-plate PV modules or...

158

Solar Photovoltaic Technologies - Energy Innovation Portal  

From 2002 to 2007 the market for Copper Indium Gallium Selenide ... According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s 2010 International Energy Outlook, ...

159

EIA Renewable Energy- Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Renewables and Alternate Fuels > Solar Photovoltaic Cell/Module Annual Report > Annual Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules by Source: Shipments of ...

160

Arima Photovoltaic And Optical Corp Arima PV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic And Optical Corp Arima PV Jump to: navigation, search Name Arima Photovoltaic And Optical Corp (Arima PV) Place Taipei, Taiwan Product Once a maker of computers, the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

National Center for Photovoltaics NCPV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Center for Photovoltaics NCPV Jump to: navigation, search Name National Center for Photovoltaics (NCPV) Product String representation "The National Ce ... ics community.'" is too...

162

Photovoltaic module energy rating procedure. Final subcontract report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes testing and computation procedures used to generate a photovoltaic Module Energy Rating (MER). The MER consists of 10 estimates of the amount of energy a single module of a particular type (make and model) will produce in one day. Module energy values are calculated for each of five different sets of weather conditions (defined by location and date) and two load types. Because reproduction of these exact testing conditions in the field or laboratory is not feasible, limited testing and modeling procedures and assumptions are specified.

Whitaker, C.M.; Newmiller, J.D. [Endecon Engineering (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Renewable energy options in Saudi Arabia: the economic viability of solar photovoltaics within the residential sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy options, including solar power, are becoming progressively more viable and thus increasingly pose challenges to conventional sources of energy, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Solar Photovoltaic technology is one type of solar energy ... Keywords: Saudi Arabia, feasibility study, renewable energy, residential buildings, solar photovoltaics

Yasser Al-Saleh; Hanan Taleb

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Solar Photovoltaic Technologies - Energy Innovation Portal  

... residential communities, emergency response, etc. in utilizing renewable energy sources when traditional sources fail or are inadequate. ...

165

SOLCOST-PHOTOVOLTAIC solar energy design program: User's Guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The SOLCOST-PHOTOVOLTAIC solar energy design program is a public domain interactive computer design tool intended for use by non-solar specialists to predict the long term performance for photovoltaic systems. A life cycle cost analysis is included in the program along with the ERDA-EPRI standard economic analysis which predicts levelized busbar energy costs for the photovoltaic system assuming ownership by an electric utility. SOLCOST-PV currently can evaluate flat plate arrays and concentrating arrays which use Fresnel lenses and passive cooling. The methodology could easily be extended to include all the known types of concentrators, however the scope of the version 1.0 activity was limited to only the flat plate and the passive Fresnel concentrators. An overview of the SOLCOST-PV capabilities and methodology is given. A detailed guide to the SOLCOST-PV input parameters is included, and examples showing typical interactive execution sessions and the resulting SOLCOST-PV output are presented. Appendices A and B provide additional information on the SOLCOST-PV analysis.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Value of Residential Solar PV. Journal of SustainableConclusions The market for solar PV is expanding rapidly ingrid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) energy systems were

Hoen, Ben

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Sputtered Thin Film Photovoltaics - Energy Innovation Portal  

Biomass and Biofuels; Building Energy Efficiency; Electricity Transmission; ... A sputtering target formed by the method can have an oxygen content of 10 ppm by ...

168

Energy Basics: Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(PV) cell's semiconductors. This section describes the atomic structure and bandgap energy of these cells. Atomic Structure All matter is composed of atoms, which are made up of...

169

Compare All CBECS Activities: Total Energy Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Energy Use Total Energy Use Compare Activities by ... Total Energy Use Total Major Fuel Consumption by Building Type Commercial buildings in the U.S. used a total of approximately 5.7 quadrillion Btu of all major fuels (electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district steam or hot water) in 1999. Office buildings used the most total energy of all the building types, which was not a surprise since they were the most common commercial building type and had an above average energy intensity. Figure showing total major fuel consumption by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800. Major Fuel Consumption per Building by Building Type Because there were relatively few inpatient health care buildings and they tend to be large, energy intensive buildings, their energy consumption per building was far above that of any other building type.

170

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Housing Units (millions) Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Census Division Total South...

171

Photovoltaic Energy Program Contract Summary; Fiscal Year 1998  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document provides individual summaries of some 200 photovoltaics research projects performed in house and by subcontractors to Department of Energy national laboratories and field offices, including the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Golden Field Office, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Albuquerque Field Office, and Boston Support Office. The document is divided into the following sections: research and development, technology development, and systems engineering and applications. Three indexes are included: performing organizations by name, performing organizations by state, and performing organizations by technology area.

Surek, T.

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

172

2009 Total Energy Production by State | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 Total Energy Production by State 2009 Total Energy Production by State 2009 Total Energy Production by State Click on a state for more information. Addthis Browse By Topic...

173

Comparison of energy intake prediction algorithms for systems powered by photovoltaic harvesters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small size photovoltaic modules can harvest enough energy to power many personal devices and wireless sensor nodes. The prediction of solar energy intake is possible thanks to the periodical availability of the sunlight and its cyclic behavior. Thus, ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Photovoltaic systems, Power management, Prediction algorithms, Wireless sensor network

Carlo Bergonzini; Davide Brunelli; Luca Benini

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Maximum Power Transfer Tracking for a Photovoltaic-Supercapacitor Energy System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the power comes from a renewable source such a solar cell (photovoltaic, or PV for short) or a windmillMaximum Power Transfer Tracking for a Photovoltaic-Supercapacitor Energy System Younghyun Kim optimization from an energy generation source (e.g., a solar cell array) to an energy storage element (e

Pedram, Massoud

175

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Yanzhi, xuelin, pedram}@usc.edu, 2 {naehyuck}@elpl.snu.ac.kr ABSTRACT Photovoltaic (PV) energy harvesting system is a promising energy source for battery replenishment in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs.) The PV cell array

Pedram, Massoud

176

Total Energy | U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What's New in Total Energy. Monthly Energy Review September 25, 2013. Monthly Energy Review August 27, 2013. Monthly Energy Review July 26, 2013.

177

Federal Energy Management Program: Photovoltaic Resources and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the globe, from the most isolated locations to the heart of the largest cities. A typical PV cell converts approximately 10% of the solar energy striking its surface into usable...

178

Energy Basics: Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

is usually at an angle that is less than optimal. Therefore, fixed arrays collect less energy per unit area of array than tracking arrays. However, this drawback must be balanced...

179

Photovoltaic Energy Program Overview, Fiscal Year 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This ''annual report'' details the FY 2000 achievements of the U.S. Department of Energy PV Program in the categories of Research and Development, Technology Development, and Systems Engineering and Applications. Highlights include development of a record-breaking concentrator solar cell that is 32.4% efficient; fabrication of a record CIGS (copper indium gallium diselenide) cell at 18.8% efficiency; sharing an R and D 100 award with Siemens Solar Industries and the California Energy Commission for development and deployment of commercial CIS thin-film modules; and support for the efforts of the PV Industry Roadmap Workshop.

Weis-Taylor, P.

2001-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

180

FINAL REPORT OF RESEARCH ON CuxS/ (Cd,Zn)S PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY CONVERTERS 3/77 - 9/79  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cu X S/(Cd,Zn)S PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY CONVERTERS 3/77 -of Research on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Converters CuxSI(Cd

Chin, B.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

In the July 2011 PE magazine article "Why We Need Rational Selection of Energy Projects," the author stated that "photovoltaic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

," the author stated that "photovoltaic electricity generation cannot be an energy source for the future" because photovoltaics require more energy than they produce (during their lifetime), thus their "Energy for Photovoltaics To Produce the Energy Used? By Vasilis Fthenakis 16 pE JANUARY | FEBRUARY 2012 0.5 5 50 1960 1970

182

Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. Photovoltaic Energy Park Master Development Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes a Master Development Plan to develop, construct, and operate a photovoltaic energy park (PVEP). The central feature of the park would be a large-scale solar power plant with up to 3.0 MW (peak) capacity of single axis tracking and fixed systems. The park would be developed in phases using multiple 100 kilowatt (peak) solar power systems. The plant would utilize proven PV technology commonly available at the time of the construction. In addition, space has been set aside for resear...

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

183

Future of photovoltaic energy conversion in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent studies reveal that photovoltaic energy conversion will be economically viable for usage in developing countries. An overview of programs designed to lower the costs of such conversion systems is presented. Government goals are reviewed, as well as application projects relative to rural usage. A summary of the state-of-the-art in both advanced research and commercially available technology is presented. It is concluded that with the range of the work being done, such systems will be viable for many rural applications within 5 years.

Hogan, S.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Scattering Properties of nanostructures : applications to photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2nd World Conf. Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Vienna, p.the 12th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, p.12th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conf. , p. 1481 (

Derkacs, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Photovoltaic effect in InSe Application to Solar Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

253 Photovoltaic effect in InSe Application to Solar Energy Conversion A. Segura, J. P. Guesdon, J are reported. Photovoltaic spectra are fitted with measured values oftransport and optical parameters. InSe is shown to be a new material with attractive characteristics for solar energy conversion. Performance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

PV Standards Work: Photovoltaic System and Component Certification, Test Facility Accreditation, and Solar Photovoltaic Energy Systems International Standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses efforts led by two companies (PowerMark Corporation and Sunset Technologies Inc.) to support both U.S. domestic and international photovoltaic (PV) system and component certification and test facility accreditation programs and the operation of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee 82 (TC-82) Photovoltaic Energy Systems. International and national PV certification/accreditation programs are successfully facilitating entry of only the highest quality PV products into the marketplace. Standards also continue to be a cornerstone for assuring global PV product conformity assessment, reducing non-tariff trade barriers, and ultimately improving PV products while lowering cost.

Basso, T. S.; Chalmers, S.; Barikmo, H. O.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Program on Technology Innovation: High Efficiency Photovoltaic Research at the Institute of Research and Development on Photovoltaic Energy (IRDEP), 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the advances of the High-Efficiency Photovoltaic (HEPV) Program during 2012. The report focuses on technical advances in the hot-carrier solar-cell program that address compounds with improved photovoltaic (PV) energy-conversion potential. The basic idea of hot-carrier devices is to use a combination of materials and device structures that can tap the thermal power co-generated with the usual PV power harvested in conventional devices. A part of this thermal power, all lost in ...

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

188

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modules Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules August 20, 2013 - 4:25pm Addthis Flat-plate photovoltaic (PV) modules are made of several components, including the front surface materials,...

189

ECE 414A/514A Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and development of photovoltaic cells and it is expected to continue into the foreseeable future. This trend management optics. The physical limits on photovoltaic cell performance and practical device operation will be analyzed. The main device emphasis will focus on different types of silicon photovoltaic cells including

Arizona, University of

190

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: ENERGY PAYBACK TIMES AND NET ENERGY PRODUCTION VALUE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: ENERGY and other countries. Higher efficiencies are produced by innovative cell designs and material and energy% more electricity than average efficiency (i.e., 14%) c-Si PV modules. Keywords: Photovoltaic, energy

191

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Division Total West Mountain Pacific Energy Information Administration: 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Million U.S. Housing...

192

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(millions) Census Division Total South Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC13.7...

193

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Census Division Total Midwest Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC12.7...

194

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Census Division Total Northeast Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC11.7...

195

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Census Division Total South Energy Information Administration: 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Million U.S. Housing...

196

Total..........................................................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(millions) Census Division Total West Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC14.7...

197

Analysis of Photovoltaic System Energy Performance Evaluation Method  

SciTech Connect

Documentation of the energy yield of a large photovoltaic (PV) system over a substantial period can be useful to measure a performance guarantee, as an assessment of the health of the system, for verification of a performance model to then be applied to a new system, or for a variety of other purposes. Although the measurement of this performance metric might appear to be straight forward, there are a number of subtleties associated with variations in weather and imperfect data collection that complicate the determination and data analysis. A performance assessment is most valuable when it is completed with a very low uncertainty and when the subtleties are systematically addressed, yet currently no standard exists to guide this process. This report summarizes a draft methodology for an Energy Performance Evaluation Method, the philosophy behind the draft method, and the lessons that were learned by implementing the method.

Kurtz, S.; Newmiller, J.; Kimber, A.; Flottemesch, R.; Riley, E.; Dierauf, T.; McKee, J.; Krishnani, P.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Review of Spanish renewable energy policy to encourage investment in solar photovoltaic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spanish renewable energy sector has experienced phenomenal growth over the past decade due to implementation of regulatory frameworks that have encouraged the rapid deployment of some renewable energy technologies particularly solar photovoltaic(PV)

Sana Zeeshan Shirazi; Syed Mohammad Zeeshan Shirazi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative aka PV Squared | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Cooperative aka PV Squared Photovoltaics Cooperative aka PV Squared Jump to: navigation, search Name Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared) Place New Britain, Connecticut Zip 6051 Sector Solar Product Solar PV system installer. References Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared) is a company located in New Britain, Connecticut . References ↑ "Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pioneer_Valley_Photovoltaics_Cooperative_aka_PV_Squared&oldid=349764"

200

Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd QS Solar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd QS Solar Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd QS Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd (QS Solar) Place Shanghai Municipality, China Zip 200336 Sector Solar Product Chinese amorphous thin-film solar cell maker. References Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd (QS Solar)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd (QS Solar) is a company located in Shanghai Municipality, China . References ↑ "[ Nantong Qiangsheng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd (QS Solar)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Nantong_Qiangsheng_Photovoltaic_Technology_Co_Ltd_QS_Solar&oldid=349037

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd Place Cixi, Zhejiang Province, China Zip 315322 Sector Solar Product Zhejiang-based product manufacturer for solar modules. References Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd is a company located in Cixi, Zhejiang Province, China . References ↑ "Cixi Renhe Photovoltaic Electrical Appliance Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cixi_Renhe_Photovoltaic_Electrical_Appliance_Co_Ltd&oldid=343628

202

Shanghai Hi Show Photovoltaic Science Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hi Show Photovoltaic Science Technology Co Ltd Hi Show Photovoltaic Science Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Shanghai Hi-Show Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co., Ltd Place Shanghai Municipality, China Zip 201109 Sector Solar Product China-based Manufacturer of module tester and solar simulator. References Shanghai Hi-Show Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co., Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Shanghai Hi-Show Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co., Ltd is a company located in Shanghai Municipality, China . References ↑ "Shanghai Hi-Show Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co., Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Shanghai_Hi_Show_Photovoltaic_Science_Technology_Co_Ltd&oldid=350840

203

The Effects of Non-Uniform Electronic Properties on Thin Film Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World  Conf.  Photovoltaic   Energy  Conversion  (2003),  Conference  on  Photovoltaic  Energy  Conversion,  May  17 th  European  Photovoltaic  Solar  Energy  Conference,  

Brown, Gregory Ferguson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Dynamic characteristics and graphic monitoring design of photovoltaic energy conversion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explored the dynamic characteristics and monitoring design of the photovoltaic energy conversion system, which is a system model of an independent power supply. This study first established the non-linear differential equation of the system ... Keywords: dynamic characteristics, eigenvalue, monitoring system, photovoltaic, programmable logic controller, solar cell

Kuo-Hua Liu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Cogeneration Plant is Designed for Total Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes application considerations, design criteria, design features, operating characteristics and performance of a 200 MW combined cycle cogeneration plant located at Occidental Chemical Corporation's Battleground chlorine-caustic plant at La Porte, Texas. This successful application of a total energy management concept utilizing combined cycle cogeneration in an energy intensive electrochemical manufacturing process has resulted in an efficient reliable energy supply that has significantly reduced energy cost and therefore manufacturing cost.

Howell, H. D.; Vera, R. L.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Photovoltaic mission analysis. Progress report, March 1--June 30, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the first four months of activity in a project whose overall objective is to support the planning, development, and guidance of the ERDA National Photovoltaic Program by (a) identifying and evaluating those applications for terrestrial photovoltaic conversion of solar energy that are most likely to lead to significant contributions to the national energy supply, (b) identifying and evaluating appropriate strategies for stimulating the growth of near-term (1977--1986) and mid-term (1986--2000) photovoltaic markets, and (c) providing technical and documentation support to the ERDA Photovoltaic Program Office. In the current project, the effort to achieve these objectives has been divided among four tasks: Task 1, Photovoltaic Total Energy Missions; Task 2, Intermediate-to-Large Load Center Applications for Photovoltaic Electricity; Task 3, Incentive Strategies for the ERDA Photovoltaic Program; and Task 4, Photovoltaic Solar Energy Program Technical and Management Support. Progress on tasks 1 and 2 is reported.

Leonard, S. L.; Rattin, E. J.; Siegel, B.

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Total Energy. ... They are for public testing and comment only. We ...

208

Energy Basics: Photovoltaic Electrical Contacts and Cell Coatings  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Contacts and Cell Coatings The outermost layers of photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, are the electrical contacts and anti-reflective coating. These layers provide...

209

Applied research on energy storage and conversion for photovoltaic and wind energy systems. Volume II. Photovoltaic systems with energy storage. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume of the General Electric study was directed at an evaluation of those energy storage technologies deemed best suited for use in conjunction with a photovoltaic energy conversion system in utility, residential and intermediate applications. Break-even cost goals are developed for several storage technologies in each application. These break-even costs are then compared with cost projections presented in Volume I of this report to show technologies and time frames of potential economic viability. The form of the presentation allows the reader to use more accurate storage system cost data as they become available. The report summarizes the investigations performed and presents the results, conclusions and recommendations pertaining to use of energy storage with photovoltaic energy conversion systems. Candidate storage concepts studied include (1) above ground and underground pumped hydro, (2) underground compressed air, (3) electric batteries, (4) flywheels, and (5) hydrogen production and storage. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

TENESOL formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TENESOL formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE TENESOL formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE Jump to: navigation, search Name TENESOL (formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE) Place la Tour de Salvagny, France Zip 69890 Sector Solar Product Makes polycrystalline silicon modules, and PV-based products such as solar powered pumps. References TENESOL (formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. TENESOL (formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE) is a company located in la Tour de Salvagny, France . References ↑ "TENESOL (formerly known as TOTAL ENERGIE)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=TENESOL_formerly_known_as_TOTAL_ENERGIE&oldid=352112" Categories:

211

22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Fiera Milano, Italy, 3-7 September 2007 Version: 30 August 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(F-gases) which are used, or considered to be used, in crystalline silicon photovoltaic solar cell22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Fiera Milano, Italy, 3-7 September 2007 Version: 30 August 2007 FLUORINATED GREENHOUSE GASES IN PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE MANUFACTURING: POTENTIAL EMISSIONS

212

Power Electronics Design Implications of Novel Photovoltaic Collector Geometries and Their Application for Increased Energy Harvest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The declining cost of photovoltaic (PV) modules has enabled the vision of ubiquitous photovoltaic (PV) power to become feasible. Emerging PV technologies are facilitating the creation of intentionally non-flat PV modules, which create new applications for this sustainable energy generation currently not possible with the traditional rigid, flat silicon-glass modules. However, since the photovoltaic cells are no longer coplanar, there are significant new requirements for the power electronics necessary to convert the native form of electricity into a usable form and ensure maximum energy harvest. Non-uniform insolation from cell-to-cell gives rise to non-uniform current density in the PV material, which limits the ability to create series-connected cells without bypass diode or other ways to shunt current, which is well known in the maximum power tracking literature. This thesis presents a modeling approach to determine and quantify the variations in generation of energy due to intentionally non-flat PV geometries. This will enable the power electronics circuitry to be optimized to harvest maximum energy from PV pixel elements – clusters of PV cells with similar operating characteristics. This thesis systematically compares different geometries with identical two-dimensional projection "footprints" for energy harvest throughout the day. The results show that for the same footprint, a semi-cylindrical surface harvests more energy over a typical day than a flat plate. The modeling approach is then extended to demonstrate that by using non flat geometries for PV panel, the availability of a remotely located stand-alone power system can be increased when compared to a flat panel of same footprint. These results have broad application to a variety of energy scavenging scenarios in which either total energy harvested needs to be maximized or unusual geometries for the PV active surfaces are required, including building-integrated PV. This thesis develops the analysis of the potential energy harvest gain for advanced non-planar PV collectors as a necessary first step towards the design of the power electronics circuits and control algorithms to take advantage of the new opportunities of conformal and non-flat PV collectors.

Karavadi, Amulya

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Economic valuation of energy storage coupled with photovoltaics : current technologies and future projections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A practical framework for the economic valuation of current energy storage systems coupled with photovoltaic (PV) systems is presented. The solar-with-storage system's operation is optimized for two different rate schedules: ...

Mosher, Trannon

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Tradeoffs between revenue enhancements and emissions reductions with energy storage-coupled photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy storage has the potential to dramatically change the operation of photovoltaics by allowing for a delay between generation and use. This flexibility has the potential to impact both the revenue from generating ...

Heidel, Timothy David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Implementations of electric vehicle system based on solar energy in Singapore : assessment of solar photovoltaic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To evaluate the feasibility of solar energy based Electric Vehicle Transportation System in Singapore, the state of the art Photovoltaic Systems have been reviewed in this report with a focus on solar cell technologies. ...

Sun, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

NREL: Energy Analysis - Crystalline Silicon and Thin Film Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crystalline Silicon and Thin Film Photovoltaic Results - Life Cycle Crystalline Silicon and Thin Film Photovoltaic Results - Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Solar Photovoltaics (Fact Sheet) Cover of the Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Solar Photovoltaics factsheet Download the Fact Sheet Over the last 30 years, hundreds of life cycle assessments (LCAs) have been conducted and published for a variety of residential and utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) systems with wide-ranging results. The inconsistencies in these results can be attributed to the technologies evaluated-such as differing system designs, real-world versus conceptual systems, or technology improvements over time-and life cycle assessment methods and assumptions. To better understand greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from commercial

217

Mission analysis of photovoltaic solar energy systems. Final report. Volume I. Summary  

SciTech Connect

A summary report of a study program whose principal objective was to develop methods for the technical and economic evaluation of potential missions (applications) for photovoltaic solar energy conversion in the southwestern United States in the 1980 to 2000 period is presented. A secondary objective was to apply the methodology, when developed, to the evaluation of a number of illustrative examples of candidate missions in order to obtain at least a preliminary indication of the competitive position of the photovoltaic technology in the future energy economy of the Southwest. Because of their large potential significance, most of the effort in the study was devoted to two main classes of missions: on-site applications (in which the photovoltaic system serves an electric load point that is colocated with the system) and central station power plant applications. A smaller amount of attention was given to the electrolytic production of hydrogen with electric power generated by the photovoltaic conversion of solar energy. (WHK)

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Maximally concentrating optics for photovoltaic solar energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Use of a two-stage concentrator with a fresnel lens primary and a nonimaging dielectric totally internally reflecting secondary, has unique advantages for photovoltaic concentration. Some preliminary ray trace studies have shown that with planar lenses, an increase in angular acceptance for a given geometric concentration to about 2/3 of the maximum theoretical limit can be achieved. To demonstrate this, two preprototype concentrators, each having a geometric concentration of 248:1 for a 0.635cm (0.25 inch) diameter cell, have been designed, built, and tested. Measurements of the angular response show an acceptance of 8[degrees] (full angle) which is drastically better than the 1[degrees]--2[degrees] achievable without a secondary, and is in excellent agreement with the ray trace predictions. For these preprototypes, passive cooling was sufficient to prevent any thermal problems for both the cell and secondary. No problems associated with nouuniform cell illumination were found, as evidenced by the fill factor of 71%--73% measured under concentration. Initial measurements of the system electrical efficiency lie in the range 7.5%--9.9% for a variety of individual cells.

O'Gallagher, J.J.

1985-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

Solar Photovoltaic Hydrogen: The Technologies and Their Place in Our Roadmaps and Energy Economics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Future solar photovoltaics-hydrogen systems are discussed in terms of the evolving hydrogen economy. The focus is on distributed hydrogen, relying on the same distributed-energy strengths of solar-photovoltaic electricity in the built environment. Solar-hydrogen residences/buildings, as well as solar parks, are presented. The economics, feasibility, and potential of these approaches are evaluated in terms of roadmap predictions on photovoltaic and hydrogen pathways-and whether solar-hydrogen fit in these strategies and timeframes. Issues with the ''hydrogen future'' are considered, and alternatives to this hydrogen future are examined.

Kazmerski, L. L.; Broussard, K.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Total Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Energy Glossary FAQS Overview Data Monthly Annual Analysis & Projections All Reports Most Requested Annual Monthly Projections U.S. States EIA's latest Short-Term...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumptio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005)

222

Maximally concentrating optics for photovoltaic solar energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of a two-stage concentrator with a fresnel lens primary and a non-imaging dielectric totally internally reflecting secondary, has unique advantages for photovoltaic concentration. This new design has a much larger acceptance angle than the conventional lens-cell concentrating system. In the continuation of this research, an optimally designed prototype which employs a 13.6-cm diameter flat fresnel tons as the primary focusing device, a dielectric compound hyperbolic concentrator (DCHC) as secondary and a 1-cm diameter high-concentration cell for electricity conversion has been built, tested and analyzed. Measurements under sunlight show that it has an angular acceptance of [plus minus]3.6 degrees, which is dramatically better than the [plus minus]0.5 degree achievable without a secondary concentrator. This performance agrees well with theoretical ray-tracing predictions. The secondary shows an optical efficiency of (91[plus minus]2)% at normal incidence. Combining with the primary fresnel tens which has an optical efficiency of (82[plus minus]2)%, tho two-stage system yields a total optical efficiency of (7l[plus minus]2)%. The measurement of the system electrical performance yielded a net electrical efficiency of 11.9%. No problems associated with non-uniform cell illumination were found, as evidenced by the excellent fill factor of (79[plus minus]2)% measured under concentration. The secondary geometrical properties and the optimal two-stage design procedures for various primary- cell combinations were systematical studied. A general design principle has been developed.

Winston, R.; O'Gallagher, J.; Ning, X.

1986-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

223

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:03pm Addthis The most common photovoltaic (PV) array design uses flat-plate PV modules or panels. These panels can be fixed in place or allowed to track the movement of the Illustration of a cutaway of a typical flat-plate module. The layers, in order from top to bottom, are: cover film, solar cell, encapsulant, substrate, cover film, seal, gasket, and frame. One typical flat-plate module design uses a substrate of metal, glass, or plastic to provide structural support in the back; an encapsulant material to protect the cells; and a transparent cover of plastic or glass. sun. They respond to sunlight that is direct or diffuse. Even in clear skies, the diffuse component of sunlight accounts for between 10% and 20%

224

Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Estimate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Estimate Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Estimate Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Estimate < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Colorado Program Type Line Extension Analysis Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission At the request of a customer or a potential customer, Colorado electric utilities are required to conduct a cost comparison of a photovoltaic (PV) system to any proposed distribution line extension if the customer or potential customer provides the utility with load data (estimated monthly kilowatt-hour usage) requested by the utility to conduct the comparison, and if the customer's or potential customer's peak demand is estimated to be less than 25 kilowatts (kW). In performing the comparison analysis, the

225

Central Georgia EMC - Photovoltaic Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Central Georgia EMC - Photovoltaic Rebate Program Central Georgia EMC - Photovoltaic Rebate Program Central Georgia EMC - Photovoltaic Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $4,500 Program Info State Georgia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $450/kW installed capacity Provider Central Georgia Electric Membership Corporation In June 2008, Central Georgia Electric Membership Corporation (CGEMC) began offering a rebate of $450 per kilowatt (kW) to residential members who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that are interconnected and net-metered. To qualify, PV systems must have a warranty of five or more years and must be installed by a licensed contractor. In addition, PV systems are limited to 10 kW in capacity and must be installed in accordance with all

226

Energy Basics: Types of Silicon Used in Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

make some the earliest photovoltaic (PV) devices-is still the most popular material for solar cells. Silicon is also the second-most abundant element in the Earth's crust (after...

227

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Volumeof Solar Photovoltaic Cells”, Center for the Study of EnergyPhotovoltaic Subsidies? ” Center for the Study of Energy

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Solar Energy International Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, - Solar PV Resource Type: Training materials User Interface: Other Website: www.solarenergy.org/bookstore/photovoltaics-design-installation-manual Cost: Paid Language: "English, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

229

COMPRESSED-AIR ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS FOR STAND-ALONE OFF-GRID PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-storage materials, flywheels, pumped hydro (PH), superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) and compressed airCOMPRESSED-AIR ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS FOR STAND-ALONE OFF-GRID PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES Dominique, USA ABSTRACT In this work, a low-cost, low-volume, low-maintenance, small-scale compressed-air energy

Deymier, Pierre

230

Energy storage and power conditioning aspects of photovoltaic solar power systems. Volume I. First quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

Solar energy may be utilized as thermal energy or converted into electricity by solar cells. ERDA's National Photovoltaic Conversion Program is concerned with this latter approach and is currently sponsoring industrial programs for photovoltaic systems and devices. In one such program, Spectrolab, Inc., is charged with performing conceptual design and analysis of three photovoltaic solar power systems. The sizes of these three systems will cover the requirements of residential, commercial and electric utility central station applications. In addition to a solar cell array, photovoltaic power systems must also include an energy storage system to enable operation during periods of low insolation and a power conditioning system to control the dc power from the array and convert it into an ac waveshape compatible with existing electrical equipment. The Scientific Development Operation of Bechtel Corporation is participating in the Spectrolab program by compiling and studying data on the energy storage and power conditioning aspects of all three photovoltaic solar power systems and by the conceptual design of the system for electric utility central station applications. The results of the energy storage and power conditioning study effort are presented in this report. (W.D.M.)

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Energy storage and power conditioning aspects of photovoltaic solar power systems. Volume I. First quarterly report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar energy may be utilized as thermal energy or converted into electricity by solar cells. ERDA's National Photovoltaic Conversion Program is concerned with this latter approach and is currently sponsoring industrial programs for photovoltaic systems and devices. In one such program, Spectrolab, Inc., is charged with performing conceptual design and analysis of three photovoltaic solar power systems. The sizes of these three systems will cover the requirements of residential, commercial and electric utility central station applications. In addition to a solar cell array, photovoltaic power systems must also include an energy storage system to enable operation during periods of low insolation and a power conditioning system to control the dc power from the array and convert it into an ac waveshape compatible with existing electrical equipment. The Scientific Development Operation of Bechtel Corporation is participating in the Spectrolab program by compiling and studying data on the energy storage and power conditioning aspects of all three photovoltaic solar power systems and by the conceptual design of the system for electric utility central station applications. The results of the energy storage and power conditioning study effort are presented in this report. (W.D.M.)

Not Available

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

EIA Data: Total International Primary Energy Consumption

This...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA Data: Total International Primary Energy Consumption

This table lists total primary energy consumption by country and region in Quadrillion Btu.  Figures in this table...

233

Truckee Donner PUD - Photovoltaic Buy Down Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PUD - Photovoltaic Buy Down Program PUD - Photovoltaic Buy Down Program Truckee Donner PUD - Photovoltaic Buy Down Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 2012: Residential: $8,850 Commercial: $14,750 Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2016 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 2013 level: $2.95/W AC, adjusted based on expected performance Provider Truckee Donner Public Utility District As required by Senate Bill 1 of 2006, Truckee Donner PUD incentive levels will step down annually during the 10 year program. For program year 2013 the incentive level is $2.95 per watt AC, adjusted based on expected-performance. 2013 incentives are capped $8,850 for residential systems and $14,750 for commercial. Systems up to 1 MW may be installed,

234

Jiangsu Shunfeng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shunfeng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd Shunfeng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangsu Shunfeng Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd Place Changzhou, China Zip 213169 Product Manufacturer of the silicon crystalline cells and modules in China Coordinates 31.766211°, 119.94722° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.766211,"lon":119.94722,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

235

Xi an Huanghe Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Xi an Huanghe Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd Xi an Huanghe Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Xi'an Huanghe Photovoltaic Technology Co Ltd Place Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China Sector Solar Product China-based solar cell and module manufacturer. Coordinates 43.429695°, 12.935155° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.429695,"lon":12.935155,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

Solar Total Energy Project final test report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Total Energy Project (STEP), a cooperative effort between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and Georgia Power Company (GPC) located at Shenandoah, Georgia, has undergone several design modifications based on experience from previous operations and test programs. The experiences encountered were discussed in detail in the Solar Total Energy Project Summary Report'' completed in 1987 for DOE. Most of the proposed changes discussed in this report were installed and tested in 1987 as part of two 15-day test programs (SNL Contract No. 06-3049). However, several of the suggested changes were not completed before 1988. These plant modifications include a new distributed control system for the balance of plant (BOP), a fiber a optical communications ring for the field control system, and new control configuration reflecting the new operational procedures caused by the plant modifications. These modifications were tested during a non-consecutive day test, and a 60-day field test conducted during the autumn of 1989. These test were partially funded by SNL under Contract No. 42-4859, dated June 22, 1989. Results of these tests and preliminary analysis are presented in this test summary report. 9 refs., 19 figs., 7 tabs.

Nelson, R.F.; Abney, L.O.; Towner, M.L. (Georgia Power Co., Shenandoah, GA (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Institutional applications of solar total-energy systems. Draft final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Conceptual designs are presented for thermal and photovoltaic solar total energy (STE) systems optimized to have the lowest possible life-cycle costs. An analysis is made of the market for STE systems, synthesizing the results of interviews with institutional-sector decision-makers and representatives of utilities, component manufacturers, architect/engineers, contractors, and labor unions. The operation and outputs of the market model developed to estimate potential STE system sales and resultant energy savings are presented. Outlined are the preliminary guidelines for selecting sites and conducting the planned federal demonstration program. (LEW)

None

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

EVALUATION OF FLAT-PLATE PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical and economic attractiveness of combined photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) solar energy collectors was evaluated. The study was limited to flat-plate collectors since concentrating photovoltaic collectors require active cooling and thus are inherently PV/T collectors, the only decision being whether to use the thermal energy or to dump it. it was also specified at the outset that reduction in required roof area was not to be used as an argument for combining the collection of thermal and electrical energy into one module. Three tests of economic viability were identified, all of which PV/T must pass if it is to be considered a promising alternative: PV/T must prove to be competitive with photovoltaic-only, thermal-only, and side-by-side photovoltaic-plus-thermal collectors and systems. These three tests were applied to systems using low-temperature (unglazed) collectors and to systems using medium-temperature (glazed) collectors in Los Angeles, New York, and Tampa. For photovoltaics, the 1986 DOE cost goals were assumed to have been realized, and for thermal energy collection two technologies were considered: a current technology based on metal and glass, and a future technology based on thin-film plastics. The study showed that for medium-temperature applications PV/T is not an attractive option in any of the locations studied. For low-temperature applications, PV/T appears to be marginally attractive.

ANDREWS,J.W.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

NIST Photovoltaic carrier dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... carrier dynamics in novel electronic photovoltaic materials being considered and developed for future solar cell and energy capture applications. ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Photovoltaics (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its photovoltaics subprogram.

Not Available

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Photovoltaics (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its photovoltaics subprogram.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

SURVEILLANCE OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS USING METEOSAT DERIVED IRRADIANCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which allow for a cheap and reliable check of the power production of grid connected PV systems. These checks are done by calculating the estimated output of the PV system with a simulation-model. The model Utrecht ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe a surveillance procedure for grid connected photovoltaic (PV

Heinemann, Detlev

243

Lithium Ion Cell Development for Photovoltaic Energy Storage Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall project goal is to reduce the cost of home and neighborhood photovoltaic storage systems by reducing the single largest cost component â?? the energy storage cells. Solar power is accepted as an environmentally advantaged renewable power source. Its deployment in small communities and integrated into the grid, requires a safe, reliable and low cost energy storage system. The incumbent technology of lead acid cells is large, toxic to produce and dispose of, and offer limited life even with significant maintenance. The ideal PV storage battery would have the safety and low cost of lead acid but the performance of lithium ion chemistry. Present lithium ion batteries have the desired performance but cost and safety remain the two key implementation barriers. The purpose of this project is to develop new lithium ion cells that can meet PVES cost and safety requirements using A123Systems phosphate-based cathode chemistries in commercial PHEV cell formats. The cost target is a cell design for a home or neighborhood scale at <$25/kWh. This DOE program is the continuation and expansion of an initial MPSC (Michigan Public Service Commission) program towards this goal. This program further pushes the initial limits of some aspects of the original program â?? even lower cost anode and cathode actives implemented at even higher electrode loadings, and as well explores new avenues of cost reduction via new materials â?? specifically our higher voltage cathode. The challenge in our materials development is to achieve parity in the performance metrics of cycle life and high temperature storage, and to produce quality materials at the production scale. Our new cathode material, M1X, has a higher voltage and so requires electrolyte reformulation to meet the high temperature storage requirements. The challenge of thick electrode systems is to maintain adequate adhesion and cycle life. The composite separator has been proven in systems having standard loading electrodes; the challenge with this material will be to maintain proven performance when this composite is coated onto a thicker electrode; as well the high temperature storage must meet application requirements. One continuing program challenge was the lack of specific performance variables for this PV application and so the low power requirements of PHEV/EV transportation markets were again used.

Susan Babinec

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

244

Total Energy Facilities Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total Energy Facilities Biomass Facility Total Energy Facilities Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Total Energy Facilities Biomass Facility Facility Total Energy Facilities Sector Biomass Facility Type Non-Fossil Waste Location Los Angeles County, California Coordinates 34.3871821°, -118.1122679° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.3871821,"lon":-118.1122679,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

245

Total Energy - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Current & Selected Reports Most Requested Annual Monthly Projections U.S. States Search within Total Energy Search By: Go Pick a date range: From: To: Go Search All Reports &...

246

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Markets and Policy Group * Energy Analysis Department Energy Markets and Policy Group * Energy Analysis Department An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California Ben Hoen, Peter Cappers, Mark Thayer, Ryan Wiser Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LBNL Webinar June 9 th , 2011 This work was supported by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Solar Energy Technologies Program) of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231, by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory under Contract No. DEK-8883050, and by the Clean Energy States Alliance.

247

Total energy cycle emissions and energy use of electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to provide estimates of changes in life cycle energy use and emissions that would occur with the introduction of EVs. The topics covered include a synopsis of the methodology used in the project, stages in the EV and conventional vehicle energy cycles, characterization of EVs by type and driving cycle, load analysis and capacity of the electric utility, analysis of the materials used for vehicle and battery, description of the total energy cycle analysis model, energy cycle primary energy resource consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, energy cycle emissions, and conclusions.

Singh, M.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Buying a PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEM A Consumer Guide 2003 System: A Consumer Guide i Buying a Photovoltaic Solar Electric System A Consumer Guide California Energy water system that uses the sun's energy to heat water, solar electric or photovoltaic technology uses

Krothapalli, Anjaneyulu

249

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

September 2012 PDF | previous editions September 2012 PDF | previous editions Release Date: September 27, 2012 A report of historical annual energy statistics. For many series, data begin with the year 1949. Included are data on total energy production, consumption, and trade; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, as well as financial and environmental indicators; and data unit conversion tables. About the data Previous Editions + EXPAND ALL Annual Energy Review 2011 Edition PDF (Full issue) Annual Energy Review 2011 - Released on September 27, 2012 PDF Annual Energy Review 2010 Edition PDF (Full issue) Annual Energy Review 2010 - Released on October 19, 2011 PDF Annual Energy Review 2009 Edition PDF (Full issue) Annual Energy Review 2009 - Released on August 19, 2010 PDF

250

Photovoltaic Performance and Reliability Database: A Gateway to Experimental Data Monitoring Projects for PV at the Florida Solar Energy Center  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This site is the gateway to experimental data monitoring projects for photovoltaic (PV) at the Florida Solar Energy Center. The website and the database were designed to facilitate and standardize the processes for archiving, analyzing and accessing data collected from dozens of operational PV systems and test facilities monitored by FSEC's Photovoltaics and Distributed Generation Division. [copied from http://www.fsec.ucf.edu/en/research/photovoltaics/data_monitoring/index.htm

251

Photovoltaic energy conversion The objective of this laboratory is for you to explore the science and engineering of the conversion of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic energy conversion Objective The objective of this laboratory is for you to explore the photovoltaic energy conversion process is optimal only for photons with energies above, but not too far the science and engineering of the conversion of light to electricity by photovoltaic devices. Preparation

Braun, Paul

252

Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September 2006 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF PV ELECTRICITY GENERATION -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September (Franklin #12;Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4;Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September 2006 0 5

253

19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Pre-Print 4AV.1.45 QUANTUM EFFICIENCY OF CdTe SOLAR CELLS IN FORWARD BIAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Pre-Print 4AV.1.45 QUANTUM EFFICIENCY OF Cd;19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Pre-Print 4AV.1.45 Figure 2 shows the numerical as #12;19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Pre-Print 4AV.1.45 CE V( )= J V,100%( )- J V

Sites, James R.

254

Table US1. Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Part 1: Housing Unit Characteristics and Energy Usage Indicators Energy Consumption 2 Energy Expenditures 2 Total U.S. (quadrillion Btu) Per Household (Dollars) Per

255

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Figure 5. Total...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. Total energy production and consumption, 1970-2025 (quadrillion Btu). For more detailed information, contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy...

256

AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report...

257

Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005) Dataset Summary Description The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national survey that collects residential energy-related data. The 2005 survey collected data from 4,381 households in housing units statistically selected to represent the 111.1 million housing units in the U.S. Data were obtained from residential energy suppliers for each unit in the sample to produce the Consumption & Expenditures data. The Consumption & Expenditures and Intensities data is divided into two parts: Part 1 provides energy consumption and expenditures by census region, population density, climate zone, type of housing unit, year of construction and ownership status; Part 2 provides the same data according to household size, income category, race and age. The next update to the RECS survey (2009 data) will be available in 2011.

258

Photovoltaic Crystalline Silicon Cell Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Crystalline Silicon Cell Basics Crystalline Silicon Cell Basics Photovoltaic Crystalline Silicon Cell Basics August 20, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis To separate electrical charges, crystalline silicon cells must have a built-in electric field. Light shining on crystalline silicon may free electrons within the crystal lattice, but for these electrons to do useful work-such as provide electricity to a light bulb-they must be separated and directed into an electrical circuit. PV Semiconductors To create an electric field within a crystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) cell, two silicon semiconductor layers are sandwiched together. P-type (or positive) semiconductors have an abundance of positively charged holes, and n-type (or negative) semiconductors have an abundance of negatively charged electrons. When n- and p-type silicon layers contact, excess electrons move

259

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Module Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Module Basics Module Basics Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Module Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:25pm Addthis Flat-plate photovoltaic (PV) modules are made of several components, including the front surface materials, encapsulant, rear surface, and frame. Front Surface Materials The front surface of a flat-plate PV module must have a high transmission in the wavelengths that can be used by the solar cells in the module. For example, for silicon solar cells, the top surface must have high transmission of light with wavelengths from 350 to 1200 nm. Also, reflection from the front surface should be minimal. An antireflection coating added to the top surface can greatly reduce the reflection of sunlight, and texturing of the surface can cause light that strikes the surface to stay within the cells. Unfortunately, these textured

260

Map Data: Total Production | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Total Production Map Data: Total Production totalprod2009final.csv More Documents & Publications Map Data: Renewable Production Map Data: State Consumption...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Total energy cycle energy use and emissions of electric vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

A total energy cycle analysis (TECA) of electric vehicles (EV) was recently completed. The EV energy cycle includes production and transport of fuels used in power plants to generate electricity, electricity generation, EV operation, and vehicle and battery manufacture. This paper summarizes the key assumptions and results of the EVTECA. The total energy requirements of EVS me estimated to be 24-35% lower than those of the conventional, gasoline-fueled vehicles they replace, while the reductions in total oil use are even greater: 55-85%. Greenhouse gases (GHG) are 24-37% lower with EVs. EVs reduce total emissions of several criteria air pollutants (VOC, CO, and NO{sub x}) but increase total emissions of others (SO{sub x}, TSP, and lead) over the total energy cycle. Regional emissions are generally reduced with EVs, except possibly SO{sub x}. The limitations of the EVTECA are discussed, and its results are compared with those of other evaluations of EVs. In general, many of the results (particularly the oil use, GHG, VOC, CO, SO{sub x}, and lead results) of the analysis are consistent with those of other evaluations.

Singh, M. K.

1999-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

262

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Energy Total Energy Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Monthly Annual Analysis & Projections All Reports Most Requested Annual Monthly Projections U.S. States Annual Energy Review September 2012 PDF | previous editions Release Date: September 27, 2012 Important notes about the data Note: The emphasis of the Annual Energy Review (AER) is on long-term trends. Analysts may wish to use the data in this report in conjunction with EIA's monthly releases that offer updates to the most recent years' data. In particular, see the Monthly Energy Review for statistics that include updates to many of the annual series in this report. Data Years Displayed: For tables beginning in 1949, some early years (usually 1951-1954, 1956-1959, 1961-1964, 1966-1969, and 1971-1974) are not

263

Institutional applications of solar total-energy systems. Draft final report. Volume 2. Appendixes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The appendices present the analytical basis for the analysis of solar total energy (STE) systems. A regional-climate model and a building-load requirements model are developed, along with fuel-price scenarios. Life-cycle costs are compared for conventional-utility, total energy, and STE systems. Thermal STE system design trade-offs are performed and thermal STE system performance is determined. The sensitivity of STE competitiveness to fuel prices is examined. The selection of the photovoltaic array is briefly discussed. The institutional-sector decision processes are analyzed. Hypothetical regional back-up rates and electrical-energy costs are calculated. The algorithms and equations used in operating the market model are given, and a general methodology is developed for projecting the size of the market for STE systems and applied to each of 8 institutional subsectors. (LEW)

None

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

High density photovoltaic  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic technology can directly generate high voltages in a solid state material through the series interconnect of many photovoltaic diodes. We are investigating the feasibility of developing an electrically isolated, high-voltage power supply using miniature photovoltaic devices that convert optical energy to electrical energy.

Haigh, R.E.; Jacobson, G.F.; Wojtczuk, S. [Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States)

1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

265

Water harvesting for young trees using Peltier modules powered by photovoltaic solar energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Young trees transplanted from nursery into open field require a minimum amount of soil moisture to successfully root in their new location, especially in dry-climate areas. One possibility is to obtain the required water from air moisture. This can be ... Keywords: DAQB, Dew condenser, EMF, ETc, Hr, Irrigation, SPV, SPVM, Solar photovoltaic energy, TD, Ta, Tdp, Thermoelectric effect, Ts, Water harvesting

M. A. MuñOz-GarcíA; G. P. Moreda; M. P. Raga-Arroyo; O. MaríN-GonzáLez

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Original articles: Intelligent sun-tracking system based on multiple photodiode sensors for maximisation of photovoltaic energy production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To maximise the energy collected by a given photovoltaic system (PVS), it is important to track the position of the sun so that the PV panels are exposed to the maximum global radiation at any given time. Thus, it is useful to determine the direction ... Keywords: Photovoltaic system, Sensing transducer, Solar radiation, Tracking system

G. M. Tina, F. Arcidiacono, A. Gagliano

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Statistical Methods for Enhanced Metrology in Semiconductor/Photovoltaic Manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling method for photovoltaic cells. ” in Proc. IEEE 35thlosses in solar photovoltaic cell networks. ” Energy 32:Cell Variability Photovoltaic (PV) cells manufactured with

Zeng, Dekong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Fabrication and Characterization of Organic/Inorganic Photovoltaic Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processable polymer photovoltaic cells by self-organizationand their influence on photovoltaic cells, Solar EnergyPhotodiodes, and Photovoltaic Cells, Applied Physics Letters

Guvenc, Ali Bilge

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Microprocessor-controlled photovoltaic-array loading unit  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Described is a microprocessor-controlled test system in operation at the Photovoltaics Advanced Systems Test Facility located at Sandia National Laboratories. The test system is designed to measure the total energy output of photovoltaic arrays. The theory, installation, operation, and calibration of the test system are described.

Russell, D.F.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Mission analysis of photovoltaic solar energy conversion. Volume I. Executive summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An investigation of terrestrial applications for the photovoltaic conversion of solar energy is summarized. The specific objectives of the study were: (a) to survey and evaluate near-term (1976--1985) civilian photovoltaic applications in the United States; (b) to evaluate the most promising major missions for the mid-term period (1986--2000) and to determine the conditions under which photovoltaic technology can compete in those applications at array prices consistent with ERDA goals; (c) to address critical external issues and identify the sensitivity of photovoltaic system technical requirements to such factors; and (d) to quantify the societal costs of alternative energy sources and identify equalizing incentives. The study was divided into six separate but interrelated tasks: Task 1, Analysis of Near-Term Applications; Task 2, Analysis of Major Mid-Term Missions; Task 3, Review and Updating of the ERDA Technology Implementation Plan; Task 4, Critical External Issues; Task 5, The Impact of Incentives; and Task 6, The Societal Costs of Conventional Power Generation. The emphasis of the study was on the first two of these tasks, the other four serving to provide supplementary information.

Leonard, S.L.; Rattin, E.J.; Siegel, B.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem photovoltaic energy converters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem solar photovoltaic converter has at least one, and preferably at least two, subcells grown lattice-matched on a substrate with a bandgap in medium to high energy portions of the solar spectrum and at least one subcell grown lattice-mismatched to the substrate with a bandgap in the low energy portion of the solar spectrum, for example, about 1 eV.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

Preprint of: A.H. Nosrat, L.G. Swan, J.M. Pearce, Improved Performance of Hybrid Photovoltaic-Trigeneration Systems Over Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.201  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Trigeneration Systems Over Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.11.005 Improved Performance of Hybrid Photovoltaic Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http

273

Photovoltaic Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics Photovoltaic Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics August 20, 2013 - 2:36pm Addthis Polycrystalline thin-film cells are made of many tiny crystalline grains of semiconductor materials. The materials used in these cells have properties that are different from those of silicon. Thin-film cells have many advantages over their thick-film counterparts. For example, they use much less material. The cell's active area is usually only 1 to 10 micrometers thick, whereas thick films typically are 100 to 300 micrometers thick. Also, thin-film cells can usually be manufactured in a large-area process, which can be an automated, continuous production process. Finally, they can be deposited on flexible substrate materials. The term thin film comes from the method used to deposit the film, not from

274

A Total Energy & Water Quality Management System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report develops a generic model for an energy and water quality management system for the water community, and defines standard specifications for software applications required to minimize energy costs within the constraints of water quality and operation goals.

1999-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California Title An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Hoen, Ben, Ryan H. Wiser, Peter Cappers, and Mark Thayer Pagination 60 Date Published 04/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, photovoltaics, property values, public acceptance Abstract The Working Group III Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) presents an assessment of the literature on the scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social aspects of the contribution of six renewable energy (RE) sources to the mitigation of climate change. It is intended to provide policy relevant information to governments, intergovernmental processes and other interested parties. This Summary for Policymakers provides an overview of the SRREN, summarizing the essential findings. The SRREN consists of 11 chapters. Chapter 1 sets the context for RE and climate change; Chapters 2 through 7 provide information on six RE technologies, and Chapters 8 through 11 address integrative issues. References to chapters and sections are indicated with corresponding chapter and section numbers in square brackets. An explanation of terms, acronyms and chemical symbols used in this SPM can be found in the glossary of the SRREN (Annex I).Conventions and methodologies for determining costs, primary energy and other topics of analysis can be found in Annex II and Annex III. This report communicates uncertainty where relevant.

276

Solar total energy systems final technical summary report. Volume I. Solar total energy systems market penetration  

SciTech Connect

The results of the market penetration analysis of Solar Total Energy Systems (STES) for the industrial sector are described. Performance data derived for STES commercial applications are included. The energy use and price forecasts used in the analysis are summarized. The STES Applications Model (SAM), has been used to develop data on STES development potential by state and industry as a function of time from 1985 through 2015. A second computer code, the Market Penetration Model (MPM), has been completed and used to develop forecasts of STES market penetration and national energy displacement by fuel type. This model was also used to generate sensitivity factors for incentives, and variations in assumptions of cost of STES competing fuel. Results for the STES performance analysis for commercial applications are presented. (MHR)

Bush, L.R.; Munjal, P.K.

1978-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Company Partners in Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Company Partners in Photovoltaic Manufacturing R&D Company Partners in Photovoltaic Manufacturing R&D More than 40 private-sector companies partnered with NREL on successful efforts within the PV Manufacturing R&D Project. They included manufacturers of crystalline silicon, thin-film, and concentrator solar technologies. The companies are listed below. Advanced Energy Systems Alpha Solarco ASE Americas AstroPower/GE Energy Boeing Aerospace BP Solar Cronar Crystal Systems Dow Corning Energy Conversion Devices Energy Photovoltaics ENTECH Evergreen Solar First Solar Glasstech Solar Global Photovoltaic Specialists Global Solar Energy Golden Photon Iowa Thin Film Technologies ITN Energy Systems Kopin Mobil Solar Energy Omnion Power Engineering Photon Energy Photovoltaics International PowerLight RWE Schott Solar/Schott Solar

278

Photon management in thermal and solar photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaics is a technology that directly converts photon energy into electrical energy. Depending on the photon source, photovoltaic systems can be categorized into two groups: solar photovoltaics (PV) and thermophotovoltaics ...

Hu, Lu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Assessment of Photovoltaic Energy Availability DuringPhotovoltaic Generation in South Australia. ” Energy Policy,Solar Photovoltaic Cells. ” Center for the Study of Energy

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A Cradle to Grave Framework for Environmental Assessment of Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Barcelona,the 24 th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference andof Roof Mounted Photovoltaic Cells,” Energy Bulletin, June

Zhang, Teresa; Dornfeld, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Assessment of Photovoltaic Energy Availability DuringPhotovoltaic Generation in South Australia. ” Energy Policy,Solar Photovoltaic Cells. ” Center for the Study of Energy

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Producer-Focused Life Cycle Assessment of Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,International Energy Agency Photovoltaic Power System

Zhang, Teresa Weirui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Assessment of Photovoltaic Energy Availability DuringPhotovoltaic Generation in South Australia. ” Energy Policy,Solar Photovoltaic Cells. ” Center for the Study of Energy

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Achieving Total Employee Engagement in Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Raytheon Employee Engagement Raytheon Employee Engagement in Energy Conservation Department of Energy August 5, 2010 Steve Fugarazzo Raytheon Company Enterprise Energy Team Copyright © 2007 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved. Customer Success Is Our Mission is a trademark of Raytheon Company. Page 2 8/9/2010 Presentation Overview  Company Background  Communication & Outreach Initiatives - Internal Partnerships - Energy Champions - Energy Citizens - Energy Awareness Events & Contests Page 3 8/9/2010 Raytheon ... What We Do Raytheon is a global technology company that provides innovative solutions to customers in 80 nations. Through strategic vision, disciplined management and world-class talent, Raytheon is delivering operational advantages for customers every day while helping them prepare for the

285

Property:TotalValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TotalValue TotalValue Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "TotalValue" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 44 Tech Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + A ALLETE Inc., d/b/a Minnesota Power Smart Grid Project + 3,088,007 + Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project + 22,888,360 + American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project + 2,661,650 + Atlantic City Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 37,400,000 + Avista Utilities Smart Grid Project + 40,000,000 + B Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 451,814,234 + Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 177,642,503 +

286

SolarTotal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolarTotal SolarTotal Jump to: navigation, search Name SolarTotal Place Bemmel, Netherlands Zip 6681 LN Sector Solar Product The company sells and installs PV solar instalations Coordinates 51.894112°, 5.89881° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.894112,"lon":5.89881,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

287

Increasing the solar photovoltaic energy capture on sunny and cloudy days  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report analyzes an extensive set of measurements of the solar irradiance made using four identical solar arrays and associated solar sensors (collectively referred to as solar collectors) with different tilt angles relative to the earth's surface, and thus the position of the sun, in order to determine an optimal tracking algorithm for capturing solar radiation. The study included a variety of ambient conditions including different seasons and both cloudy and cloud-free conditions. One set of solar collectors was always approximately pointed directly toward the sun (DTS) for a period around solar noon. These solar collectors thus captured the direct beam component of the solar radiation that predominates on sunny days. We found that on sunny days, solar collectors with a DTS configuration captured more solar energy in accordance with the well-known cosine dependence for the response of a flat-surfaced solar collector to the angle of incidence with direct beam radiation. In particular, a DTS orientation was found to capture up to twice as much solar energy as a horizontal (H) orientation in which the array is tilted toward the zenith. Another set of solar collectors always had an H orientation, and this best captured the diffuse component of the solar radiation that predominates on cloudy days. The dependence of the H/DTS ratio on the solar-collector tilt angle was in approximate agreement with the Isotropic Diffuse Model derived for heavily overcast conditions. During cloudy periods, we found that an H configuration increased the solar energy capture by nearly 40% compared to a DTS configuration during the same period, and we estimate the solar energy increase of an H configuration over a system that tracks the obscured solar disk could reach 50% over a whole heavily-overcast day. On an annual basis the increase is predicted to be much less, typically only about 1%, because the contribution of cloudy days to the total annual solar energy captured by a photovoltaic system is small. These results are consistent with the solar tracking algorithm optimized for cloudy conditions that we proposed in an earlier report and that was based on a much smaller data set. Improving the harvesting of solar energy on cloudy days deserves wider attention due to increasing efforts to utilize renewable solar energy. In particular, increasing the output of distributed solar power systems on cloudy days is important to developing solar-powered home fueling and charging systems for hydrogen-powered fuel-cell electric and battery-powered vehicles, respectively, because it reduces the system size and cost for solar power systems that are designed to have sufficient energy output on the worst (cloudy) days. (author)

Kelly, Nelson A.; Gibson, Thomas L. [General Motors R and D Center, 480-106-269, Chemical Sciences and Materials Systems Laboratory, 30500 Mound Road, Warren, MI 48090-9055 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Total Economics of Energy Efficient Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the large increases in cost of electrical energy in recent years, the energy savings attainable with the use of energy-efficient motors is very attractive to all motor users. But energy and electric demand charge savings tell only part of the story. Engineers responsible for the selection of motors for many varying uses must also consider many less tangible factors when deciding whether a price premium for an energy-efficient motor is justified. These important intangible factors may throw a borderline decision in favor of a premium motor; at other times these factors may dictate that the capital money could be spent more wisely in other areas. This paper will point out those factors which effect the decision of whether or not to buy a premium priced energy-efficient motor or a standard electric motor. It will also address the question of whether it is cost-effective to rewind an old motor which has failed or to replace it with a new energy-efficient motor.

Nester, A. T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Final report. Volume 2. Technical  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this program was to assess the feasibility of using solar energy to provide a significant fraction of the energy needs of commercial buildings that have energy demands greater than 200 kWe. This volume of the final report discusses the approach employed to develop: (1) STES concept configurations and component data, (2) commercial buildings application data, and (3) computer simulation programs for evaluating various STES concept-commercial buildings applications. Various solar thermal and photovoltaic solar total energy systems (STES) configurations were considered. Concurrently, data on commercial buildings (e.g., categories, energy demand, demographic population, etc.) were developed and used to define six model building configurations which could be used as representative commercial buildings within six various regions (12 specific sites) of the United States. The six configurations included four building types (a low rise office building, a large retail store, a medium-size shopping center and a large shopping center) typifying current building designs. The remaining two configurations used the large shopping center model except that the energy demand was changed to reflect future building designs. The STESEP Computer Code was developed for a quick evaluation method for tradeoffs related to (1) cascading of thermal power conversion systems, (2) determination of optimum collector sizes and operating conditions (make or buy decisions for auxiliary energy), and (3) comparison of solar total energy concepts in various parts of the country and in various types of commercial buildings to assess their future economic potential for various economic scenarios. (WHK)

Boobar, M.G.; McFarland, B.L.; Nalbandian, S.J.; Willcox, W.W.; French, E.P.; Smith, K.E.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Tariffs Can Be Structured to Encourage Photovoltaic Energy  

SciTech Connect

The solar power market is growing at a quickening pace, fueled by an array of national and local initiatives and policies aimed at improving the value proposition of customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems. Though these policies take many forms, they commonly include up-front capital cost rebates or ongoing production incentives, supplemented by net metering requirements to ensure that customer-sited PV systems offset the full retail rate of the customer-hosts. Somewhat less recognized is the role of retail rate design, beyond net metering, on the customer-economics of grid-connected PV. Over the life of a PV system, utility bill savings represent a substantial portion of the overall economic value received by the customer. At the same time, the design of retail electricity rates, particularly for commercial and industrial customers, can vary quite substantially. Understanding how specific differences in rate design affect the value of customer-sited PV is therefore essential to supporting the continued growth of this market.

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Solar Photovoltaics Rebate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies '''''All funds for Progress Energy Florida's SunSense Solar PV Rebate program have been committed at this time.''''' Progress Energy Florida...

292

Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure Levels (0 to 3000 Hz) near Residential Photovoltaic Energy Generation Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric and magnetic field levels associated with two residential photovoltaic energy generation facilities were characterized in this study. This measurement evaluation included static (direct current [DC]) magnetic fields and power-frequency alternating current (AC) electric and magnetic fields (up to 3,000 Hz).The major source of DC and AC magnetic fields associated with a residential solar facility is the power inverter that converts DC to AC electricity. In close proximity to one ...

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

EQUUS Total Return Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EQUUS Total Return Inc EQUUS Total Return Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name EQUUS Total Return Inc Place Houston, Texas Product A business development company and VC investor that trades as a closed-end fund. EQUUS is managed by MCC Global NV, a Frankfurt stock exchange listed management and merchant banking group. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

294

Table 2.1d Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1949 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

System Energy Losses 12: Total: Fossil Fuels: Renewable Energy 2: Total Primary: Coal: Coal Coke Net Imports: Natural Gas 3: ... 8 Photovoltaic (PV) electricity net ...

295

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the costs of renewable energy procurement, the costs of theRE is the total costs of renewable energy procurement, r resThough the total costs of renewable energy procurement ( C

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

2009 Total Energy Production by State | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Per Person Solar Energy Potential Solar Energy Potential Renewable Energy Production By State Renewable Energy Production By State 2009 Energy Consumption Per Person...

297

"Table 17. Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,...

298

Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production For Geothermal Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home...

299

Atomic total energies: Atomic Ref.Data Elec Struc Cal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These tables contain the atomic total energies and orbital eigenvalues, for the ground electronic configuration of the elements H ... Definition of format ...

300

Atomic total energies: Atomic Ref. Data Elec. Struc. Cal.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These tables contain the atomic total energies and orbital eigenvalues, for the ground electronic configuration of the elements H ... Definition of format ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy Basics: Polycrystalline Thin Film Used in Photovoltaics  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

layer on top called the window layer. The window layer's role is to absorb light energy from only the high-energy end of the spectrum. It must be thin enough and have a wide...

302

Photovoltaics at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory License  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOLAR ROOF-TOP LICENSE AGREEMENT KEY TERMS SOLAR ROOF-TOP LICENSE AGREEMENT KEY TERMS (Non-Recordable) FOR INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF A SOLAR ROOF-TOP ELECTRIC GENERATING SYSTEM AT THE NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY, RESEARCH SUPPORT FACILITY United States of America Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT (License) is made as of the _____ day of August, 2009, by the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office, hereinafter referred to as LICENSOR, and SunEdison Origination1, LLC, hereinafter referred to as LICENSEE. WHEREAS, the LICENSOR owns certain buildings located at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and in particular, [____________________] the address of which

303

Photovoltaics at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory License  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ROOF-TOP LICENSE AGREEMENT KEY TERMS ROOF-TOP LICENSE AGREEMENT KEY TERMS (Non-Recordable) FOR INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF A SOLAR ROOF-TOP ELECTRIC GENERATING SYSTEM AT THE NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY, RESEARCH SUPPORT FACILITY United States of America Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT (License) is made as of the _____ day of August, 2009, by the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office, hereinafter referred to as LICENSOR, and SunEdison Origination1, LLC, hereinafter referred to as LICENSEE. WHEREAS, the LICENSOR owns certain buildings located at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and in particular, [____________________] the address of which

304

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4476E 4476E An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California Ben Hoen, Ryan Wiser, Peter Cappers and Mark Thayer Environmental Energy Technologies Division April 2011 Download from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/lbnl-4476e.pdf This work was supported by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Solar Energy Technologies Program) of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231, by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory under Contract No. DEK-8883050, and by the Clean Energy States Alliance. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government.

305

Graphene-based photovoltaic cells for near-field thermal energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermophotovoltaic devices are energy-conversion systems generating an electric current from the thermal photons radiated by a hot body. In far field, the efficiency of these systems is limited by the thermodynamic Schockley-Queisser limit corresponding to the case where the source is a black body. On the other hand, in near field, the heat flux which can be transferred to a photovoltaic cell can be several orders of magnitude larger because of the contribution of evanescent photons. This is particularly true when the source supports surface polaritons. Unfortunately, in the infrared where these systems operate, the mismatch between the surface-mode frequency and the semiconductor gap reduces drastically the potential of this technology. Here we show that graphene-based hybrid photovoltaic cells can significantly enhance the generated power paving the way to a promising technology for an intensive production of electricity from waste heat.

Riccardo Messina; Philippe Ben-Abdallah

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

306

Photovoltaics in the Classroom  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that addresses several important topics, including: basics of electric power and energy; basics of photovoltaics and solar geometry; basics of data analysis for school...

307

Energy dependence of the total photoproduction cross section at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy dependence of the total photon-proton cross-section is determined from data collected with the ZEUS detector at HERA with two different proton beam energies.

Aharon Levy

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Total Energy Norm in a Quasigeostrophic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total energy E as the sum of kinetic and available potential energies is considered here for quasigeostrophic (QG) dynamics. The discrete expression for E is derived for the QG model formulation of Marshall and Molteni. While E is conserved by ...

Martin Ehrendorfer

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Characterization and Modeling of 3D Photovoltaics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Energy Conversion – Photovoltaic, Concentrating Solar Power, and ...

310

Techno economical study of photovoltaic energy installations within DCND.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Concerns have risen in the last few years about global warming. It has been shown that energy is responsible for a big share of CO2… (more)

Dhomé, Diane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Quarterly Coal Report › Monthly Energy Review › Residential Energy ... Solar › Energy in Brief. What's ... They are for public testing and comment ...

312

Total Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Quarterly Coal Report › Monthly Energy Review › Residential Energy Consumption ... Solar › Energy in ... testing but not to operate at full power.

313

SIXTH QUARTERLY REPORT OF RESEARCH ON CuxS - (Cd,Zn)S PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY CONVERTERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for use in experimental photovoltaic cells. Hall mobilityvacuum method for photovoltaic cell fabrication" However,

Chin, B.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Integrating Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Systems in Whole Building Energy Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces methodologies on how the renewable energy generated by the solar thermal and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems installed on site can be integrated in the whole building simulation analyses, which then can be available to analyze the energy impact of solar systems installed in commercial buildings. A large prototypical office building (124,000 ft2) was used in simulation modeling. The DOE-2.1e program was used for whole building simulation, F-Chart (Beckman et al., 1977) for solar thermal systems analysis, and PV F-Chart (Klein and Beckman, 1983) for solar PV systems analysis.

Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Photovoltaics as a worldwide energy option: A case study in development strategy  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies, such as solar thermal electric, photovoltaics (PV), and wind energy have made significant gains in cost and performance in the past decades. As a result, there have been high expectations on the part of the public for these sources to play a major role in future energy supply, especially as environmental concerns about conventional sources increase. Despite these past gains and high expectations, the global potential of renewable energy technologies still remains largely untapped, principally because of issues of industrialization and user acceptance. There is increasing recognition that government energy programs must incorporate a broader strategy than the traditional basic research role if they are to address these issues. Essential elements of this strategy are affordable technology, a healthy industry, sustained market growth, user acceptance, and equitable policy and financial environments. The US Department of Energy (DOE) programs in solar electric conversion have already started the development of the required broader-based effort. This paper presents the status of that work, utilizing the US National Photovoltaic Program as a case study.

Jones, G.; Pate, R.; Hill, R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

316

On the Use of Agent-Based Simulation for Efficiency Analysis of Domestic Heating Using Photovoltaic Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Energy Production Combined with a Heatpump Jan Treur VU University Amsterdam, Agent Systems on a heatpump together with a photovoltaic (PV) solar energy installation. A simulation model for the cost (in to a simulation model for the yields of a PV installation agent to estimate produced solar energy (in kWh per day

Treur, Jan

317

Health, safety and environmental issues relating to cadmium usage in photovoltaic energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the current technology base and hazards associated with two promising thin-film photovoltaic cells that contain cadmium compounds -- cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}). More specifically, this paper summarizes the toxicological information on cadmium (Cd) compounds; evaluates potential health, safety and environmental hazards associated with cadmium usage in the photovoltaics industry; describes regulatory requirements associated with the use, handling and disposal of cadmium compounds; and lists management options to permit the safe and continued use of these materials. Handling of cadmium in photovoltaic production can present hazards to health, safety and the environment. Prior recognition of these hazards can allow device manufacturers and regulators to implement appropriate and readily available hazard management strategies. Hazards associated with product use (i.e., array fires) and disposal remain controversial and partially unresolved. The most likely effects that could be expected would be those associated with chronic low-level exposures to cadmium wastes. Because of the general immobility of the cadmium present in these devices and availability of environmental and biomonitoring protocols, chronic hazards can be monitored, and remediated if necessary. Nevertheless, concern about cadmium hazards should continue to be emphasized to ensure that health, safety and environmental issues are properly managed. At the same time, the potential role that these systems can play in ameliorating some important health and environmental hazards related to other energy systems should not be ignored. 27 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Zweibel, K. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA))

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A comparison of photovoltaic module performance evaluation methodologies for energy ratings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The rating of photovoltaic (PV) modules has always been a controversial topic in the PV community. Currently, there is no industry standard methodology to evaluate PV modules for energy production. This issue must be discussed and resolved for the benefit of system planners, utilities, and other consumers. Several methodologies are available to rate a module`s peak power, but do any accurately predict energy output for flat-plate modules? This paper analyzes the energy performance of PV modules using six different energy calculation techniques and compares the results to the measured amount of energy produced. The results indicate which methods are the most effective for predicting energy output in Golden, Colorado, under prevailing meteorological conditions.

Kroposki, B.; Emery, K.; Myers, D.; Mrig, L.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Energy Analysis Department Supporting Photovoltaics in Market-Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspector, Atlanta Gas-Light Company, Atlanta, GA 4.0 HONORS AND AWARDS 2008 Harpole Professor of Electrical under High Penetration of Variable Generation," US Department of Energy office of Electricity Delivery

320

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - High-Performance Photovoltaics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics In an ideal multijunction cell, the top layer produces most of the total power, so the top layer should be of the highest quality. However, in conventional designs...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Homes Million U.S. Housing Units Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC3.7...

322

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Homes Million U.S. Housing Units Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC4.7...

323

Total..........................................................  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Self-Reported) City Town Suburbs Rural Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC8.7...

324

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

East North Central West North Central Energy Information Administration: 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Million U.S. Housing...

325

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Heating Characteristics Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC5.4 Space Heating...

326

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, ... Solar › Energy in Brief. ... U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov FedStats. Stay Connected

327

Total Energy - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. ... is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's primary report of recent energy statistics.

328

Solar Photovoltaic SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photovoltaic Photovoltaic SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Renewable Energy Ready Home Renewable Energy Ready Home SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE i Table of Contents About the Renewable Energy Ready Home Specifications Assumptions of the RERH Solar Photovoltaic Specification .............................................................................. 1 Builder and Specification Limitations ............................................................................................................. 2

329

Photovoltaic olar nergy Development on Landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Photovoltaic Systems Engineering Photovoltaic.g. battery storage #12;Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Photovoltaic Module Typical 10 cm x and the load. #12;Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Sizing Sizing the photovoltaic systems: 1

330

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook › Annual Energy Outlook › Energy Disruptions › International Energy Outlook ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V ...

331

Total Energy - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Released: July 25, 2013. This report presents international energy projections through 2040, ... 2012. A report of historical annual energy ...

332

Total Energy - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA ... Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. Environment. Greenhouse gas data, ...

333

2009 Total Energy Production by State | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sandy Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Energy Department National Labs and Minority Serving Institutions Energy Department National...

334

Photovoltaic Subcontract Program, FY 1990  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the progress of the subcontracted photovoltaic (PV) research and development (R D) performed under the Photovoltaics Program at the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI). The SERI subcontracted PV research and development represents most of the subcontracted R D that is funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE) National Photovoltaics Program. This report covers fiscal year (FY) 1990: October 1, 1989 through September 30, 1990. During FY 1990, the SERI PV program started to implement a new DOE subcontract initiative, entitled the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) Project.'' Excluding (PVMaT) because it was in a start-up phase, in FY 1990 there were 54 subcontracts with a total annualized funding of approximately $11.9 million. Approximately two-thirds of those subcontracts were with universities, at a total funding of over $3.3 million. Cost sharing by industry added another $4.3 million to that $11.9 million of SERI PV subcontracted R D. The six technical sections of this report cover the previously ongoing areas of the subcontracted program: the Amorphous Silicon Research Project, Polycrystalline Thin Films, Crystalline Silicon Materials Research, High-Efficiency Concepts, the New Ideas Program, and the University Participation Program. Technical summaries of each of the subcontracted programs discuss approaches, major accomplishments in FY 1990, and future research directions. Another section introduces the PVMaT project and reports the progress since its inception in FY 1990. Highlights of technology transfer activities are also reported.

Summers, K.A. (ed.)

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Photovoltaic Subcontract Program, FY 1990  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the progress of the subcontracted photovoltaic (PV) research and development (R D) performed under the Photovoltaics Program at the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI). The SERI subcontracted PV research and development represents most of the subcontracted R D that is funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE) National Photovoltaics Program. This report covers fiscal year (FY) 1990: October 1, 1989 through September 30, 1990. During FY 1990, the SERI PV program started to implement a new DOE subcontract initiative, entitled the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) Project.'' Excluding (PVMaT) because it was in a start-up phase, in FY 1990 there were 54 subcontracts with a total annualized funding of approximately $11.9 million. Approximately two-thirds of those subcontracts were with universities, at a total funding of over $3.3 million. Cost sharing by industry added another $4.3 million to that $11.9 million of SERI PV subcontracted R D. The six technical sections of this report cover the previously ongoing areas of the subcontracted program: the Amorphous Silicon Research Project, Polycrystalline Thin Films, Crystalline Silicon Materials Research, High-Efficiency Concepts, the New Ideas Program, and the University Participation Program. Technical summaries of each of the subcontracted programs discuss approaches, major accomplishments in FY 1990, and future research directions. Another section introduces the PVMaT project and reports the progress since its inception in FY 1990. Highlights of technology transfer activities are also reported.

Summers, K.A. (ed.)

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Total  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Total .............. 16,164,874 5,967,376 22,132,249 2,972,552 280,370 167,519 18,711,808 1993 Total .............. 16,691,139 6,034,504 22,725,642 3,103,014 413,971 226,743 18,981,915 1994 Total .............. 17,351,060 6,229,645 23,580,706 3,230,667 412,178 228,336 19,709,525 1995 Total .............. 17,282,032 6,461,596 23,743,628 3,565,023 388,392 283,739 19,506,474 1996 Total .............. 17,680,777 6,370,888 24,051,665 3,510,330 518,425 272,117 19,750,793 Alabama Total......... 570,907 11,394 582,301 22,601 27,006 1,853 530,841 Onshore ................ 209,839 11,394 221,233 22,601 16,762 1,593 180,277 State Offshore....... 209,013 0 209,013 0 10,244 260 198,509 Federal Offshore... 152,055 0 152,055 0 0 0 152,055 Alaska Total ............ 183,747 3,189,837 3,373,584 2,885,686 0 7,070 480,828 Onshore ................ 64,751 3,182,782

337

Lattice-Mismatched Approaches for High-Performance, III-V Photovoltaic Energy Converters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We discuss lattice-mismatched (LMM) approaches using compositionally step-graded layers and buffer layers that yield III-V photovoltaic devices with performance parameters equaling those of similar lattice-matched (LM) devices. Our progress in developing high-performance, LMM, InP-based GaInAs/InAsP materials and devices for thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion is highlighted. A novel, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem device for solar PV (SPV) conversion involving LMM materials is also presented, along with promising preliminary performance results.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Ahrenkiel, R. K.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Geisz, J. F.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Wehrer, R. J.; Wernsman, B.

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China’sof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption, while others estimate

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

60,000 to 79,999 80,000 or More Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Million U.S. Housing...

340

Photovoltaic engineering services pertinent to solar energy conversion  

SciTech Connect

The application of the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) for use with solar cells has been investigated. Experiments with state-of-the-art Si cells in a CPC and under solar concentration were performed. A theoretical model for calculating the behavior of Si solar cells with concentration was developed. Detailed calculations of the energy distribution in the CPC were made. Finally a cost effectiveness analysis shows that the CPC system will produce power at very much lower cost than will flat panel solar cell arrays. (auth)

Bell, R O; Ho, J C.T.; Kurth, W; Surek, T

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

An Economic Analysis of Photovoltaics versus Traditional Energy Sources: Where are We Now and Where Might We Be in the Near Future? (Presentation), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic Analysis of Photovoltaics versus Traditional Economic Analysis of Photovoltaics versus Traditional Energy Sources: Where are We Now and Where Might We Be in the Near Future? NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Michael Woodhouse Additional NREL Authors: Alan Goodrich, Ted James, Robert Margolis, David Feldman, and Tony Markel 2 Strategic Energy Analysis Center and 2 Electric Vehicles Program The National Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Funding Provided by The United States DOE, Solar Energy Technologies Program Presented at the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) 2011, June 19-24, 2011, Seattle, Washington NREL/PR-6A20-52311 Analysis Disclaimer DISCLAIMER AGREEMENT

342

Comprehensive energy-management program. Hybrid photovoltaic/thermal absorber. Annual report, September 1, 1980-December 31, 1981  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research work was done during the reporting period on the two-part research program: (A) to improve energy conservation through increased unit and system efficiencies, energy management, and system optimization, and (B) to develop a novel, low-cost hybrid photovoltaic/thermal absorber. Performance tests were conducted on all the boilers and chillers on campus. Several corrective measures were indicated and implemented. A detailed survey of energy use by functions and consumption/demand study has been in progress. A preliminary computer simulation model of the entire campus has been developed and made operational. It has been demonstrated both analytically and experimentally that the reradiation losses from the absorber can be reduced significantly by utilizing a light-pipe absorber. Two paraboloidal dishes, one of 6 ft diameter and the other of 20 ft diameter have been utilized. Collector efficiencies have been measured at coolant outlet temperatures up to 282/sup 0/C with a square light-pipe absorber and with 6 ft diameter concentrator. Laser ray testing was conducted on both the 6 ft and 20 ft diameter concentrators. Design of the total energy absorber has been completed.

Kumar, G. N.; Sellers, J. P.; Dybczak, Z. W.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Presented at the 21th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 September 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented at the 21th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 September 2006 A COST AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT COMPARISON OF GRID-CONNECTED ROOFTOP AND GROUND-BASED PV Centre of the Netherlands ECN, Unit Solar Energy, P.O. Box 1, 1755 ZG PETTEN, the Netherlands E.A. Alsema

344

Table 21. Total Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Projected vs. Actual Projected (million metric tons) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008...

345

AEO2011:Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AEO2011:Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary

346

2009 Total Energy Production by State | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Non-powered Dams U.S. Hydropower Potential from Existing Non-powered Dams Creating an Energy Innovation Ecosystem Creating an Energy Innovation Ecosystem Sunshot Rooftop Solar...

347

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Volume 1. Summary. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A methodology has been developed by Atomics International under contract to the Department of Energy to define the applicability of solar total energy systems (STES) to the commercial sector (e.g., retail stores, shopping centers, offices, etc.) in the United States. Candidate STES concepts were selected to provide on-site power generation capability, as well as thermal energy for both heating and cooling applications. Each concept was evaluated on the basis of its cost effectiveness (i.e., as compared to other concepts) and its ability to ultimately penetrate and capture a significant segment of this market, thereby resulting in a saving of fossil fuel resources. The photovoltaic STES appears favorable for applications under 800 kWe; whereas the organic Rankine STES would be more cost effective for larger energy demand applications. Initial penetration of these systems are expected to occur in the northeast for large shopping centers in the 1990 to 2000 time period. Such systems could provide about 0.8 to 1.8 quads (8 x 10/sup 14/ to 1.8 x 10/sup 15/ Btu) of energy per year for commercial applictions by the year 2010.

Boobar, M.G.; McFarland, B.L.; Nalbandian, S.J.; Willcox, W.W.; French, E.P.; Smith, K.E.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Total............................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total................................................................... Total................................................................... 111.1 2,033 1,618 1,031 791 630 401 Total Floorspace (Square Feet) Fewer than 500............................................... 3.2 357 336 113 188 177 59 500 to 999....................................................... 23.8 733 667 308 343 312 144 1,000 to 1,499................................................. 20.8 1,157 1,086 625 435 409 235 1,500 to 1,999................................................. 15.4 1,592 1,441 906 595 539 339 2,000 to 2,499................................................. 12.2 2,052 1,733 1,072 765 646 400 2,500 to 2,999................................................. 10.3 2,523 2,010 1,346 939 748 501 3,000 to 3,499................................................. 6.7 3,020 2,185 1,401 1,177 851 546

349

Total Prompt Energy Release in the Neutron-Induced Fission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study addresses, for the first time, the total prompt energy release and its components for the fission of 235 U, 238 U, and 239 Pu as a function of the kinetic energy of the neutron inducing the fission. The components are extracted from experimental measurements, where they exist, together with model-dependent calculation, interpolation, and extrapolation. While the components display clear dependencies upon the incident neutron energy, their sums display only weak, yet definite, energy dependencies. Also addressed is the total prompt energy deposition in fission for the same three systems. Results are presented in equation form. New measurements are recommended as a consequence of this study. Key words: Energy release and energy deposition in neutron-induced fission,

D. G. Madland

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Performance of a grid connected residential photovoltaic system with energy storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1995, Salt River Project (SRP), a public power utility located in Phoenix, Arizona, collaborated with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) to initiate a photovoltaic (PV) power system with battery energy storage to match PV output with residential customer peak energy demand periods. The PV power system, a 2.4kW PV array with 25.2kWh of energy storage, was designed and installed by Southwest Technology Development Institute (SWTDI) at an SRP-owned facility, known as the Chandler Research House during August 1995. This paper presents an overview of the system design, operation and performance. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Palomino, G.E. [SRP, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Wiles, J. [Southwest Technology Development Institute, Las Cruces, NM (United States); Stevens, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Goodman, F. [EPRI, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Total...................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4,690,065 52,331,397 2,802,751 4,409,699 7,526,898 209,616 1993 Total................... 4,956,445 52,535,411 2,861,569 4,464,906 7,981,433 209,666 1994 Total................... 4,847,702 53,392,557 2,895,013 4,533,905 8,167,033 202,940 1995 Total................... 4,850,318 54,322,179 3,031,077 4,636,500 8,579,585 209,398 1996 Total................... 5,241,414 55,263,673 3,158,244 4,720,227 8,870,422 206,049 Alabama ...................... 56,522 766,322 29,000 62,064 201,414 2,512 Alaska.......................... 16,179 81,348 27,315 12,732 75,616 202 Arizona ........................ 27,709 689,597 28,987 49,693 26,979 534 Arkansas ..................... 46,289 539,952 31,006 67,293 141,300 1,488 California ..................... 473,310 8,969,308 235,068 408,294 693,539 36,613 Colorado...................... 110,924 1,147,743

352

industrial | U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Perspectives: Industrial and transportation sectors lead energy use by sector. ... New EIA data show total grid-connected photovoltaic solar capacity. October ...

353

Property:Geothermal/TotalProjectCost | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TotalProjectCost TotalProjectCost Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Geothermal/TotalProjectCost Property Type Number Description Total Project Cost Pages using the property "Geothermal/TotalProjectCost" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project + 14,571,873 + A Demonstration System for Capturing Geothermal Energy from Mine Waters beneath Butte, MT Geothermal Project + 2,155,497 + A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project + 6,135,381 + A new analytic-adaptive model for EGS assessment, development and management support Geothermal Project + 1,629,670 +

354

Total..........................................................  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Usage Indicators by U.S. Census Region, 2005 Million U.S. Housing Units Air Conditioning Usage Indicators U.S. Census Region Northeast Midwest South West Energy Information...

355

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Housing Units Home Electronics Usage Indicators Table HC10.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by U.S. Census Region, 2005 Housing Units (millions) Energy Information...

356

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Housing Units Home Electronics Usage Indicators Table HC8.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by UrbanRural Location, 2005 Housing Units (millions) Energy Information...

357

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What's New in Monthly Energy Review What's New in Monthly Energy Review December 2013 PDF | previous editions Release Date: December 24, 2013 Next Update: January 28, 2014 Listed below are changes in Monthly Energy Review content. Only months with changes beyond the standard updates are shown. CONTENT CHANGES + EXPAND ALL Changes in 2013 December 2013 Release Electricity statistics have been revised in coordination with EIA's Electric Power Annual 2012. Revisions affect data series in Energy Overview, Energy Consumption, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity, Nuclear Energy, Energy Prices, Renewable Energy, and Environment. Final 2012 heat content values for electricity (Table A6) have also been incorporated. October 2013 Release Excel and CSV files now include pre-1973 data for all series except for Section 12. The Excel files now have two worksheets, one for monthly data and one for annual data.

358

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Comprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources. Highlights This Week in Petroleum ... Wind › Geothermal

359

Photovoltaic Cell Conversion Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The conversion efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, is the percentage of the solar energy shining on a PV device that is converted into electrical energy, or electricity....

360

Optimal control of photovoltaic arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high value of the energy conversion efficiency is not the only feature a photovoltaic power processing system must have. An optimal control of the photovoltaic generator must be also designed in order to maximize the electrical power it produces, even ... Keywords: Maximum power point tracking, Photovoltaic systems, Power electronics

N. Femia, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, M. Vitelli

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. Environment. Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions.

362

Polaron Absorption for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion in a Manganite-titanate pn Heterojunction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relation among structure, electric transport, and photovoltaic effect is investigated for a pn heterojunction with strong correlation interactions. A perovskite interface is chosen as a model system consisting of the p-doped strongly correlated manganite Pr{sub 0.64}Ca{sub 0.36}MnO{sub 3} (PCMO) and the n-doped titanate SrTi{sub 1-y}Nb{sub y}O{sub 3} (y = 0.002 and 0.01). High-resolution electron microscopy and spectroscopy reveal a nearly dislocation-free, epitaxial interface and give insight into the local atomic and electronic structure. The presence of a photovoltaic effect under visible light at room temperature suggests the existence of mobile excited polarons within the band-gap-free PCMO absorber. The temperature-dependent rectifying current-voltage characteristics prove to be mainly determined by the presence of an interfacial energy spike in the conduction band and are affected by the colossal electroresistance effect. From the comparison of photocurrents and spatiotemporal distributions of photogenerated carriers (deduced from optical absorption spectroscopy), we discuss the range of the excited polaron diffusion length.

Saucke G.; Zhu Y.; Norpoth, J.; Jooss, C.; Su, D.

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

363

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Third quarterly progress report, November 1, 1976--January 31, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The application of Solar Total Energy System (STES) to the commercial sector (e.g., office buildings, shopping centers, retail stores, etc.) in the United States is investigated. Candidate solar-thermal and solar-photovoltaic concepts are considered for providing on-site electrical power generation as well as thermal energy for both heating and cooling applications. The solar-thermal concepts include the use of solar concentrators (distributed or central-receiver) for collection of the thermal energy for conversion to electricity by means of a Rankine-cycle or Brayton-cycle power-conversion system. Recoverable waste heat from the power-generation process is utilized to help meet the building thermal-energy demand. Evaluation methodology is identified to allow ranking and/or selection of the most cost-effective concept for commercial-building applications.

Not Available

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Second quarterly progress report, August 1, 1976--October 31, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report investigates the application of the Solar Total Energy System (STES) to the commercial sector (e.g., office buildings, shopping centers, retail stores, etc.) in the United States. Candidate solar thermal and solar photovoltaic concepts are considered for providing on-site electrical power generation as well as thermal energy for both heating and cooling applications. The solar thermal concepts include the use of solar concentrators (distributed or central receiver) for collection of the thermal energy for conversion to electricity by means of a Rankine cycle or Brayton cycle power conversion system. Recoverable waste heat from the power generation process is utilized to help meet the building thermal energy demand. Evaluation methodology is identified to allow ranking and/or selection of the most cost-effective concept for commercial building applications.

Not Available

1977-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

365

Total...........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Q Q Million U.S. Housing Units Renter- Occupied Housing Units (millions) Type of Renter-Occupied Housing Unit U.S. Housing Units (millions Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Living Space Characteristics Detached Attached Table HC4.2 Living Space Characteristics by Renter-Occupied Housing Units, 2005 2 to 4 Units 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Million U.S. Housing Units Renter- Occupied Housing Units (millions) Type of Renter-Occupied Housing Unit U.S. Housing Units (millions Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Living Space Characteristics Detached Attached Table HC4.2 Living Space Characteristics by Renter-Occupied Housing Units, 2005

366

Total...........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Q Q Table HC3.2 Living Space Characteristics by Owner-Occupied Housing Units, 2005 2 to 4 Units 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Million U.S. Housing Units Owner- Occupied Housing Units (millions) Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Living Space Characteristics Detached Attached Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC3.2 Living Space Characteristics by Owner-Occupied Housing Units, 2005 2 to 4 Units 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Million U.S. Housing Units Owner- Occupied Housing Units (millions) Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit Housing Units (millions)

367

Total...................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Single-Family Units Single-Family Units Detached Type of Housing Unit Table HC2.7 Air Conditioning Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005 Million U.S. Housing Units Air Conditioning Usage Indicators Attached 2 to 4 Units 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Apartments in Buildings With-- Housing Units (millions) Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Single-Family Units Detached Type of Housing Unit Table HC2.7 Air Conditioning Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005 Million U.S. Housing Units Air Conditioning Usage Indicators Attached 2 to 4 Units 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Apartments in Buildings With-- Housing Units (millions) At Home Behavior Home Used for Business

368

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Superseded -- see MER for key annual tables Superseded -- see MER for key annual tables Annual Energy Review archives for data year: 2011 2010 2009 2008 all archives Go CONTENT CHANGES + EXPAND ALL Changes in Annual Energy Review 2011 Annual Energy Review 2011 Release: September 27, 2012 1. Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Emissions Indicators Estimates (Table 1.5) has been modified to include columns for Gross Output and Energy Expenditures as Share of Gross Output and remove Greenhouse Gas Emissions per Real Dollar of Gross Domestic Product. 2. Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands (Table 1.14) was previously titled "Fossil Fuel Production on Federally Administered Lands." It has been redesigned and now provides data on sales of fossil fuels from Federal and American Indian lands for fiscal years 2003 through 2011.

369

22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Milan, 3-7 September 2007 Cu(InGa)Se2 THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Milan, 3-7 September 2007 Cu(InGa)Se2 THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS: COMPARATIVE LIFE-CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BUFFER LAYERS Vasilis M. Fthenakis and Hyung Chul Kim National Photovoltaic EH&S Research Center Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, NY 11973, USA ABSTRACT

370

Efficiency enhancement of luminescent solar concentrations for photovoltaic technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and V.U. Ho?mann. Photovoltaic Solar Energy Gen- eration.e?ciency for photovoltaic solar energy collections, reviewedenergy sources, the manufacturing of solar cells and photovoltaic

Wang, Chunhua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector diagram image Footnotes: 1 Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum-biofuels are included in "Renewable Energy." 2 Excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. 3 Includes less than 0.1 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net exports. 4 Conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar/PV, wind, and biomass. 5 Includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. 6 Includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. 7 Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public.

372

Total..........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.1 7.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 2.1 0.6 Q 0.4 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 13.6 3.7 3.2 3.2 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 9.5 3.7 3.4 4.2 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 6.6 2.7 2.5 3.6 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 5.0 2.1 2.8 2.4 2,500 to 2,999..................................................... 10.3 3.7 1.8 2.8 2.1 3,000 to 3,499..................................................... 6.7 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.6 3,500 to 3,999..................................................... 5.2 1.6 0.8 1.5 1.4 4,000 or More.....................................................

373

Total..........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.7 0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.9 0.6 Q Q 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 9.0 4.2 1.5 3.2 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 8.6 4.7 1.5 2.5 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 6.0 2.9 1.2 1.9 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 4.1 2.1 0.7 1.3 2,500 to 2,999..................................................... 10.3 3.0 1.8 0.5 0.7 3,000 to 3,499..................................................... 6.7 2.1 1.2 0.5 0.4 3,500 to 3,999..................................................... 5.2 1.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 4,000 or More.....................................................

374

Total..........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

25.6 25.6 40.7 24.2 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.9 0.5 0.9 1.0 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 4.6 3.9 9.0 6.3 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 2.8 4.4 8.6 5.0 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 1.9 3.5 6.0 4.0 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 2.3 3.2 4.1 2.6 2,500 to 2,999..................................................... 10.3 2.2 2.7 3.0 2.4 3,000 to 3,499..................................................... 6.7 1.6 2.1 2.1 0.9 3,500 to 3,999..................................................... 5.2 1.1 1.7 1.5 0.9 4,000 or More.....................................................

375

Total..........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.2 4.2 7.6 16.6 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 1.0 0.2 0.8 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 6.3 1.4 4.9 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 5.0 1.6 3.4 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 4.0 1.4 2.6 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 2.6 0.9 1.7 2,500 to 2,999..................................................... 10.3 2.4 0.9 1.4 3,000 to 3,499..................................................... 6.7 0.9 0.3 0.6 3,500 to 3,999..................................................... 5.2 0.9 0.4 0.5 4,000 or More.....................................................

376

Total.........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Floorspace (Square Feet) Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 2 Fewer than 500.................................................. 3.2 Q 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.5 500 to 999.......................................................... 23.8 1.5 5.4 5.5 6.1 5.3 1,000 to 1,499.................................................... 20.8 1.4 4.0 5.2 5.0 5.2 1,500 to 1,999.................................................... 15.4 1.4 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.8 2,000 to 2,499.................................................... 12.2 1.4 3.2 3.0 2.3 2.3 2,500 to 2,999.................................................... 10.3 1.5 2.3 2.7 2.1 1.7 3,000 to 3,499.................................................... 6.7 1.0 2.0 1.7 1.0 1.0 3,500 to 3,999.................................................... 5.2 0.8 1.5 1.5 0.7 0.7 4,000 or More.....................................................

377

Total..........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. . 111.1 20.6 15.1 5.5 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.9 0.5 0.4 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 4.6 3.6 1.1 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 2.8 2.2 0.6 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 1.9 1.4 0.5 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 2.3 1.7 0.5 2,500 to 2,999..................................................... 10.3 2.2 1.7 0.6 3,000 to 3,499..................................................... 6.7 1.6 1.0 0.6 3,500 to 3,999..................................................... 5.2 1.1 0.9 0.3 4,000 or More.....................................................

378

Total..........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.1 7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.4 Q Q 0.5 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 2.5 1.5 2.1 3.7 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 1.1 2.0 1.5 2.5 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 0.5 1.2 1.2 1.9 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.4 2,500 to 2,999..................................................... 10.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 1.1 3,000 to 3,499..................................................... 6.7 0.3 Q 0.4 0.3 3,500 to 3,999..................................................... 5.2 Q Q Q Q 4,000 or More.....................................................

379

Total..........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.. .. 111.1 24.5 1,090 902 341 872 780 441 Total Floorspace (Square Feet) Fewer than 500...................................... 3.1 2.3 403 360 165 366 348 93 500 to 999.............................................. 22.2 14.4 763 660 277 730 646 303 1,000 to 1,499........................................ 19.1 5.8 1,223 1,130 496 1,187 1,086 696 1,500 to 1,999........................................ 14.4 1.0 1,700 1,422 412 1,698 1,544 1,348 2,000 to 2,499........................................ 12.7 0.4 2,139 1,598 Q Q Q Q 2,500 to 2,999........................................ 10.1 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 3,000 or More......................................... 29.6 0.3 Q Q Q Q Q Q Heated Floorspace (Square Feet) None...................................................... 3.6 1.8 1,048 0 Q 827 0 407 Fewer than 500......................................

380

Total...................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,033 2,033 1,618 1,031 791 630 401 Total Floorspace (Square Feet) Fewer than 500............................................... 3.2 357 336 113 188 177 59 500 to 999....................................................... 23.8 733 667 308 343 312 144 1,000 to 1,499................................................. 20.8 1,157 1,086 625 435 409 235 1,500 to 1,999................................................. 15.4 1,592 1,441 906 595 539 339 2,000 to 2,499................................................. 12.2 2,052 1,733 1,072 765 646 400 2,500 to 2,999................................................. 10.3 2,523 2,010 1,346 939 748 501 3,000 to 3,499................................................. 6.7 3,020 2,185 1,401 1,177 851 546 3,500 to 3,999................................................. 5.2 3,549 2,509 1,508

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Use of Trust Regions in Kohn-Sham Total Energy Minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the KS total energy optimization problem, which has beenthe original total energy minimization problem is. Secondly,the KS total energy minimiza- tion problem as min E total (

Yang, Chao; Meza, Juan C.; Wang, Lin-wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Total...........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

26.7 26.7 28.8 20.6 13.1 22.0 16.6 38.6 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................... 3.2 1.9 0.9 Q Q Q 1.3 2.3 500 to 999........................................... 23.8 10.5 7.3 3.3 1.4 1.2 6.6 12.9 1,000 to 1,499..................................... 20.8 5.8 7.0 3.8 2.2 2.0 3.9 8.9 1,500 to 1,999..................................... 15.4 3.1 4.2 3.4 2.0 2.7 1.9 5.0 2,000 to 2,499..................................... 12.2 1.7 2.7 2.9 1.8 3.2 1.1 2.8 2,500 to 2,999..................................... 10.3 1.2 2.2 2.3 1.7 2.9 0.6 2.0 3,000 to 3,499..................................... 6.7 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.9 0.4 1.4 3,500 to 3,999..................................... 5.2 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.5 0.4 1.3 4,000 or More...................................... 13.3 0.9 1.9 2.2 2.0 6.4 0.6 1.9 Heated Floorspace

383

Total...........................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.7 14.7 7.4 12.5 12.5 18.9 18.6 17.3 9.2 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500.................................... 3.2 0.7 Q 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 Q 500 to 999........................................... 23.8 2.7 1.4 2.2 2.8 5.5 5.1 3.0 1.1 1,000 to 1,499..................................... 20.8 2.3 1.4 2.4 2.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 1.6 1,500 to 1,999..................................... 15.4 1.8 1.4 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.1 1.2 2,000 to 2,499..................................... 12.2 1.4 0.9 1.8 1.4 2.2 2.1 1.6 0.8 2,500 to 2,999..................................... 10.3 1.6 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.7 0.8 3,000 to 3,499..................................... 6.7 1.0 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.8 3,500 to 3,999..................................... 5.2 1.1 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.5 4,000 or More...................................... 13.3

384

Total................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.. .. 111.1 86.6 2,522 1,970 1,310 1,812 1,475 821 1,055 944 554 Total Floorspace (Square Feet) Fewer than 500............................. 3.2 0.9 261 336 162 Q Q Q 334 260 Q 500 to 999.................................... 23.8 9.4 670 683 320 705 666 274 811 721 363 1,000 to 1,499.............................. 20.8 15.0 1,121 1,083 622 1,129 1,052 535 1,228 1,090 676 1,500 to 1,999.............................. 15.4 14.4 1,574 1,450 945 1,628 1,327 629 1,712 1,489 808 2,000 to 2,499.............................. 12.2 11.9 2,039 1,731 1,055 2,143 1,813 1,152 Q Q Q 2,500 to 2,999.............................. 10.3 10.1 2,519 2,004 1,357 2,492 2,103 1,096 Q Q Q 3,000 or 3,499.............................. 6.7 6.6 3,014 2,175 1,438 3,047 2,079 1,108 N N N 3,500 to 3,999.............................. 5.2 5.1 3,549 2,505 1,518 Q Q Q N N N 4,000 or More...............................

385

Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An increasing number of homes in the U.S. have sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at the time of sale, yet relatively little research exists that provides estimates of the marginal impacts of those PV systems on home sale prices. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. We find strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems during this time frame. Estimates for this premium expressed in dollars per watt of installed PV range, from roughly $4 to $6.4/watt across the full dataset, to approximately $2.3/watt for new homes, to more than $6/watt for existing homes. A number of ideas for further research are suggested.

Hoen, Ben; Cappers, Pete; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

386

2009 Technical Risk and Uncertainty Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Energy Technologies Program Concentrating Solar Power and Photovoltaics R&D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP) conducted a 2009 Technical Risk and Uncertainty Analysis to better assess its cost goals for concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV) systems, and to potentially rebalance its R&D portfolio. This report details the methodology, schedule, and results of this technical risk and uncertainty analysis.

McVeigh, J.; Lausten, M.; Eugeni, E.; Soni, A.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Uncertainty Analysis of Certified Photovoltaic Measurements at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discusses NREL Photovoltaic Cell and Module Performance Characterization Group's procedures to achieve lowest practical uncertainty in measuring PV performance with respect to reference conditions.

Emery, K.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Evaluation of 11 kW Photovoltaic System Coupled with Energy Storage at Wisconsin Public Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a case study of the Dispatchable Photovoltaic Peak Shaving System in operation at a ShopKo facility in Green Bay, Wisconsin.

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

389

Surface plasmon polariton mediated energy transfer from external antennas into organic photovoltaic cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite significant improvements in the performance of organic photovoltaic devices in recent years, the tradeoff between light absorption and charge separation efficiency remains pervasive; increasing light absorption by ...

Heidel, Timothy David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for photovoltaic solar (PV), with nearly 1000 megawatts (MW)CONCLUSIONS The market for solar PV is expanding rapidly inand federal policymakers. Solar PV investments are sizable,

Hoen, Ben

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Volume 3. Conceptual designs and market analyses. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program was to assess the feasibility of using solar energy to provide a significant fraction of the energy needs of commercial buildings that have energy demands greater than 200 kWe. The STES concept trade studies, sensitivity parameters, performance characteristics, and selected concepts are discussed. Market penetration rate estimates are provided, and technology advancements and utilization plans are discussed. Photovoltaic STES configurations and Rankine cycle thermal STES systems are considered. (WHK)

Boobar, M.G.; McFarland, B.L.; Nalbandian, S.J.; Willcox, W.W.; French, E.P.; Smith, K.E.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Photovoltaics National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: National Laboratory Photovoltaics Research on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Research & Development Competitive Awards Diversity in Science and Technology Advances National Clean Energy in Solar Grid Engineering for Accelerated Renewable Energy Deployment

393

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Electricity Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Electricity Flow diagram image Footnotes: 1 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 2 Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 3 Data collection frame differences and nonsampling error. Derived for the diagram by subtracting the "T & D Losses" estimate from "T & D Losses and Unaccounted for" derived from Table 8.1. 4 Electric energy used in the operation of power plants. 5 Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the point of generation and delivery to the customer) are estimated

394

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Flow, (Million Barrels per Day) Petroleum Flow, (Million Barrels per Day) Petroleum Energy Flow diagram image Footnotes: 1 Unfinished oils, hydrogen/oxygenates/renewables/other hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production (0.972), net imports (1.164) and adjustments (0.122) minus stock change (0.019) and product supplied (0.001). 3 Finished petroleum products, liquefied petroleum gases, and pentanes plus. 4 Natural gas plant liquids. 5 Field production (2.183) and renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production (-.019) minus refinery and blender net imputs (0.489). 6 Production minus refinery input. (s)= Less than 0.005. Notes: * Data are preliminary. * Values are derived from source data prior to rounding for publication.

395

Three-dimensional photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of three-dimensional (3D) photovoltaics is explored computationally using a genetic algorithm to optimize the energy production in a day for arbitrarily shaped 3D solar cells confined to a given area footprint ...

Myers, Bryan

396

Photovoltaic Cell Quantum Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Quantum efficiency (QE) is the ratio of the number of charge carriers collected by a photovoltaic (PV) cell to the number of photons—or packets of light—of a given energy shining on the solar cell....

397

Photovoltaics: Separating Multiple Excitons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists have demonstrated an efficient process for generating multiple excitons in adjacent silicon nanocrystals from a single high-energy photon. Their findings could prove useful for a wide range of photovoltaic applications.

Nozik, A. J.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Photovoltaic Cell Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Photovoltaic (PV), or solar cells use the energy in sunlight to produce electricity. However, the amount of electricity produced depends on the quality of the light available and the performance of...

399

EROI of crystalline silicon photovoltaics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Installed photovoltaic nameplate power have been growing rapidly around the worldin the last few years. But how much energy is returned to society (i.e.… (more)

Lundin, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Lab Breakthrough: Microelectronic Photovoltaics | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 7, 2012 - 9:31am Addthis Sandia developed tiny glitter-sized photovoltaic (PV) cells that could revolutionize solar energy collection. The crystalline silicon...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solar Photovoltaic Technologies Available for Licensing ...  

Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. Send a link to Solar Photovoltaic Technologies Available for Licensing - Energy Innovation Portalto ...

402

Hybrids for Photovoltaics - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy: Hybrids for Photovoltaics Program Organizers: Andrei Jitianu, Lehman College, City University of ...

403

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Volume 4. Appendices. Final report. [Solar Total Energy System Evaluation Program (STESEP) code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A methodology has been developed by Atomics International under contract to the Department of Energy to define the applicability of solar total energy systems (STES) to the commercial sector (e.g., retail stores, shopping centers, offices, etc.) in the United States. Candidate STES concepts were selected to provide on-site power generation capability, as well as thermal energy for both heating and cooling applications. Each concept was evaluated on the basis of its cost effectiveness (i.e., as compared to other concepts) and its ability to ultimately penetrate and capture a significant segment of this market, thereby resulting in a saving of fossil fuel resources. This volume contains the appendices. Topics include deterministic insolation model computer code; building energy usage data; computer simulation programs for building energy demand analysis; model buildings for STES evaluation; Solar Total Energy System Evaluation Program (STESEP) computer code; transient simulation of STES concept; solar data tape analysis; program listings and sample output for use with TRNSYS; transient simulation, and financial parameters sensitivities. (WHK)

Boobar, M.G.; McFarland, B.L.; Nalbandian, S.J.; Willcox, W.W.; French, E.P.; Smith, K.E.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Photovoltaic Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A photovoltaic (PV), or solar electric system, is made up of several photovoltaic solar cells. An individual PV cell is usually small, typically producing about 1 or 2 watts of power. To boost the...

405

Application analysis of solar total energy systems to the residential sector. Volume III, conceptual design. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the work described in this volume was to conceptualize suitable designs for solar total energy systems for the following residential market segments: single-family detached homes, single-family attached units (townhouses), low-rise apartments, and high-rise apartments. Conceptual designs for the total energy systems are based on parabolic trough collectors in conjunction with a 100 kWe organic Rankine cycle heat engine or a flat-plate, water-cooled photovoltaic array. The ORC-based systems are designed to operate as either independent (stand alone) systems that burn fossil fuel for backup electricity or as systems that purchase electricity from a utility grid for electrical backup. The ORC designs are classified as (1) a high temperature system designed to operate at 600/sup 0/F and (2) a low temperature system designed to operate at 300/sup 0/F. The 600/sup 0/F ORC system that purchases grid electricity as backup utilizes the thermal tracking principle and the 300/sup 0/F ORC system tracks the combined thermal and electrical loads. Reject heat from the condenser supplies thermal energy for heating and cooling. All of the ORC systems utilize fossil fuel boilers to supply backup thermal energy to both the primary (electrical generating) cycle and the secondary (thermal) cycle. Space heating is supplied by a central hot water (hydronic) system and a central absorption chiller supplies the space cooling loads. A central hot water system supplies domestic hot water. The photovoltaic system uses a central electrical vapor compression air conditioning system for space cooling, with space heating and domestic hot water provided by reject heat from the water-cooled array. All of the systems incorporate low temperature thermal storage (based on water as the storage medium) and lead--acid battery storage for electricity; in addition, the 600/sup 0/F ORC system uses a therminol-rock high temperature storage for the primary cycle. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Total Primary Energy Use in the U.S. by Sector, 1998 (chart)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Figure 1. Total Primary Energy Use by Sector [Trends in Building-Related Energy and ...

407

NV Energy Large-Scale Photovoltaic Integration Study: Intra-Hour Dispatch and AGC Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The uncertainty and variability with photovoltaic (PV) generation make it very challenging to balance power system generation and load, especially under high penetration cases. Higher reserve requirements and more cycling of conventional generators are generally anticipated for large-scale PV integration. However, whether the existing generation fleet is flexible enough to handle the variations and how well the system can maintain its control performance are difficult to predict. The goal of this project is to develop a software program that can perform intra-hour dispatch and automatic generation control (AGC) simulation, by which the balancing operations of a system can be simulated to answer the questions posed above. The simulator, named Electric System Intra-Hour Operation Simulator (ESIOS), uses the NV Energy southern system as a study case, and models the system’s generator configurations, AGC functions, and operator actions to balance system generation and load. Actual dispatch of AGC generators and control performance under various PV penetration levels can be predicted by running ESIOS. With data about the load, generation, and generator characteristics, ESIOS can perform similar simulations and assess variable generation integration impacts for other systems as well. This report describes the design of the simulator and presents the study results showing the PV impacts on NV Energy real-time operations.

Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Meng, Da; Guo, Xinxin; Jin, Chunlian; Samaan, Nader A.

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

408

Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure Levels (0 to 3 GHz) in Occupational Environments near Photovoltaic Energy Generation Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric and magnetic field levels associated with photovoltaic energy generation facilities were measured and characterized in this study. This evaluation included the measurement of static (direct current [DC]) magnetic fields, power-frequency alternating current (AC) electric and magnetic fields (up to 3,000 Hz), and radio-frequency (RF) electric and magnetic fields (up to 3,000 MHz) at two electric utility solar generation facilities.The major sources of DC magnetic fields within a ...

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

409

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Engineering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Engineering Photovoltaic Engineering Photovoltaic (PV) Engineering at NREL supports commercial and emerging PV technology development. Our support covers the following three areas: Engineering Testing and Evaluation. We provide engineering testing and evaluation of PV products developed by companies during work sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). We determine if products meet performance criteria established by DOE for a company's contractual obligations. Standards Development. We support the development of national and international standards. Current work includes investigating methods of preconditioning cadmium telluride and copper indium gallium diselenide PV modules so that when they are tested for reporting conditions, the results are correlated with subsequent field measurements.

410

An analysis of the photovoltaic value chain for reviewing solar energy policy in Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the photovoltaic value chain for 1st generation crystalline silicon, 2nd generation thin film and 3rd generation organic/ dye-sensitized PV in an effort to evaluate two levels of policy options intended to create ...

Dean, Ryan, S. B. (Ryan G.) Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Transparent, near-infrared organic photovoltaic solar cells for window and energy-scavenging applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We fabricate near-infrared absorbing organic photovoltaics that are highly transparent to visible light. By optimizing near-infrared optical-interference, we demonstrate power efficiencies of 1.3±0.1% with simultaneous ...

Lunt, Richard R.

412

An Analysis of the Effects of Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Residential Selling Prices in California.  

SciTech Connect

An increasing number of homes with existing photovoltaic (PV) energy systems have sold in the U.S., yet relatively little research exists that estimates the marginal impacts of those PV systems on the sales price. A clearer understanding of these effects might influence the decisions of homeowners, home buyers and PV home builders. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. Across a large number of hedonic and repeat sales model specifications and robustness tests, the analysis finds strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without. The effects range, on average, from approximately $3.9 to $6.4 per installed watt (DC), with most models coalescing near $5.5/watt, which corresponds to a premium of approximately $17,000 for a 3,100 watt system. The research also shows that, as PV systems age, the premium enjoyed at the time of home sale decreases. Additionally, existing homes with PV systems are found to have commanded a larger sales price premium than new homes with similarly sized PV systems. Reasons for this discrepancy are suggested, yet further research is warranted in this area as well as a number of other areas that are highlighted.

Cappers, Peter; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark; Hoen, Ben

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

413

An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An increasing number of homes in the U.S. have sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at the time of sale, yet relatively little research exists that estimates the marginal impacts of those PV systems on home sale prices. A clearer understanding of these possible impacts might influence the decisions of homeowners considering the installation of a PV system, homebuyers considering the purchase of a home with PV already installed, and new home builders considering including PV as an optional or standard product on their homes. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. It finds strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems during this time frame. Estimates for this premium expressed in dollars per watt of installed PV range, on average, from roughly $4 to $5.5/watt across a large number of hedonic and repeat sales model specifications and robustness tests. When expressed as a ratio of the sales price premium of PV to estimated annual energy cost savings associated with PV, an average ratio of 14:1 to 19:1 can be calculated; these results are consistent with those of the more-extensive existing literature on the impact of energy efficiency on sales prices. When the data are split among new and existing homes, however, PV system premiums are markedly affected. New homes with PV show premiums of $2.3-2.6/watt, while existing homes with PV show premiums of more than $6/watt. Reasons for this discrepancy are suggested, yet further research is warranted. A number of other areas where future research would be useful are also highlighted.

Hoen, Ben; Cappers, Peter; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

414

Table 16. Total Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" Total Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "AEO 1994",88.02,89.53,90.72,91.73,92.71,93.61,94.56,95.73,96.69,97.69,98.89,100,100.79,101.7,102.7,103.6,104.3,105.23 "AEO 1995",,89.21,89.98,90.57,91.91,92.98,93.84,94.61,95.3,96.19,97.18,98.38,99.37,100.3,101.2,102.1,102.9,103.88 "AEO 1996",,,90.6,91.26,92.54,93.46,94.27,95.07,95.94,96.92,97.98,99.2,100.38,101.4,102.1,103.1,103.8,104.69,105.5 "AEO 1997",,,,92.64,93.58,95.13,96.59,97.85,98.79,99.9,101.2,102.4,103.4,104.7,105.8,106.6,107.2,107.9,108.6 "AEO 1998",,,,,94.68,96.71,98.61027527,99.81855774,101.254303,102.3907928,103.3935776,104.453476,105.8160553,107.2683716,108.5873566,109.8798981,111.0723877,112.166893,113.0926208

415

A study of potential high band-gap photovoltaic materials for a two step photon intermediate technique in fission energy conversion. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes progress made to develop a high bandgap photovoltaic materials for direct conversion to electricity of excimer radiation produced by fission energy pumped laser. This report summarizes the major achievements in sections. The first section covers n-type diamond. The second section covers forced diffusion. The third section covers radiation effects. The fourth section covers progress in Schottky barrier and heterojunction photovoltaic cells. The fifth section covers cell and reactor development.

Prelas, M.A.

1996-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

416

Understanding Variability and Uncertainty of Photovoltaics for Integration with the Electric Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area of photovoltaic and other clean energy technologies.Energy recently hosted a day-long public workshop on the variability of photovoltaic (photovoltaic power plants into the utility system. Nicholas Miller is Director, Energy

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Solar total energy systems (STES) simulation program user's guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A computer program which simulates the operations of a STES facility and evaluates its annualized costs and energy displacement is described. The program contains a dynamic model which simulates the interaction of the insolation and electrical and thermal demands on an hourly basis. The program is flexible enough to allow thousands of different configurations to be simulated under a wide variety of conditions. Moreover, with this program, the sizes of the STES components can be adjusted to maximize the return on invested capital or the savings in fossil fuels. The program can also be used to simulate conventional fossil fuel Total Energy (TE) systems and solar thermal energy systems for comparison with STES. The program is written in Fortran for the FTN compiler on The Aerospace Corporation's CDC 7600 computer. It consists of 9 routines and approximately 1300 cards, including comments. A description of the program, its inputs and its outputs are presented. Examples of program input and otput as well as a sample deck structure are provided. A source listing appears in the appendix.

Timmer, B.R.

1979-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

418

Table 1.4b Primary Energy Exports by Source and Total Net Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 11 Table 1.4b Primary Energy Exports by Source and Total Net Imports

419

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Buildings, Photovoltaic Energy Systems Division U.S.of Solar Energy, Photovoltaic Energy Systems Division, U.S.methods for energy conversion such as photovoltaic solar

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Photovoltaic mission analysis. Program summary report, 15 August 1978-28 February 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of the project since its inception has been to support the planning, development, and guidance of the DOE National Photovoltaic Program on a continuing basis by: (1) identifying and evaluating those photovoltaic applications (including total energy applications) that are most likely to lead to significant contributions to the national energy supply, (2) identifying and evaluating attractive opportunities for demonstration programs and other strategies (e.g. tax incentives) that will stimulate the growth of the near-term (1986-2000) photovoltaic markets, and (3) providing technical support to the DOE Photovoltaic Program Office. The work reported is a direct extension and outgrowth of earlier studies. It includes analytical studies in two areas and a continuation of the program support activities that have been a part of the project since its inception. A summary account is given of the first of these studies, a preliminary examination of the technical and cost impact on utility distribution systems of the introduction of grid-connected residential photovoltaic systems that feed back excess photovoltaic electricity into the utility grid. The second study, is a technical and economic evaluation of a novel photovoltaic power plant concept, a hybrid high-concentration system in which thermal energy removed in cooling the photovoltaic cells is used to generate additional electricity in a bottoming-cycle turbine. (WHK)

Leonard, S.L.; Kammer, W.A.; Kelley, W.A.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Technical and Energy Assessment of Building Integrated Photovoltaic Systems applied to the UAE Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the market, the embodied energy payback time (EPBT) is the scale to measure and compare the viability of PV systems against other technologies. Although the impact of PV panels on the operational energy is significant, it is not considered at the time of EPBT estimation. Including savings in operational energy gained over the PV system life leads to shortening the total EPBT. This study shows that the ratio between PV outputs and savings in energy due to PV panels is about 1:3. For the southern and western PV facades of the UAE office buildings, the embodied energy payback time is 12-13 years. When reductions in operational energy are considered the payback time can be reduced to 3 years. It is obvious that the reduction in the operational energy due to the PV panels represents an important factor when the EPBT is estimated.

Radhi, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Module Handbook Specialisation Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Specialisation Photovoltaics, University of Northumbria Module 1/Photovoltaics: PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND MODULE TECHNOLOGY Module name: PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND MODULE TECHNOLOGY Section EUREC · Chemistry · Physics Target learning outcomes The module Photovoltaic Cell and Module Technology teaches

Habel, Annegret

423

photovoltaics | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

photovoltaics photovoltaics Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

424

Total Energy Recovery System for Agribusiness. [Geothermally heated]. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An engineering and economic study was made to determine a practical balance of selected agribusiness subsystems resulting in realistic estimated produce yields for a geothermally heated system known as the Total Energy Recovery System for Agribusiness. The subsystem cycles for an average application at an unspecified hydrothermal resources site in the western United States utilize waste and by-products from their companion cycles insofar as practicable. Based on conservative estimates of current controlled environment yields, produce wholesale market prices, production costs, and capital investment required, it appears that the family-operation-sized TERSA module presents the potential for marginal recovery of all capital investment costs. In addition to family- or small-cooperative-farming groups, TERSA has potential users in food-oriented corporations and large-cooperative-agribusiness operations. The following topics are considered in detail: greenhouse tomatoes and cucumbers; fish farming; mushroom culture; biogas generation; integration methodology; hydrothermal fluids and heat exchanger selection; and the system. 133 references. (MHR)

Fogleman, S.F.; Fisher, L.A.; Black, A.R.; Singh, D.P.

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

A Total Turbulent Energy Closure Model for Neutrally and Stably Stratified Atmospheric Boundary Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a turbulence closure for neutral and stratified atmospheric conditions. The closure is based on the concept of the total turbulent energy. The total turbulent energy is the sum of the turbulent kinetic energy and turbulent ...

Thorsten Mauritsen; Gunilla Svensson; Sergej S. Zilitinkevich; Igor Esau; Leif Enger; Branko Grisogono

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Total embodied energy was highest for the hotel subsector,School Hotel The total non-operational embodied energy ofEnergy, Reference Case) Million Tonnes CO2 Hospital Hotel

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Total Floorspace of Commercial Buildings - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Commercial Buildings Energy Intensities >Table 4

428

Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet overview of the Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array project implemented by the Department of Energy Golden Office and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Not Available

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

analysis and environmental impacts department, energy markets, photovoltaics, renewable energy: policy, tariff design Attachment Size Report PDF 1.13 MB Presentation PDF 478.3...

430

Market assessment of fuel cell total energy systems summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An investigation of the potential market penetration of fuel cell total energy systems (FCTES) into the nonindustrial, single building market is summarized. Nine building types, two types of construction, and the ten Department of Energy (DOE) regions were used to model the market for the time period 1985--2000. Input data developed for the penetration model included size distributions of each building type and performance and cost characteristics of FCTES and competing conventional systems. Two fuel cell systems, fuel cell - heat pump and fuel cell - central boiler and chiller, were assumed to compete with two conventional systems, electric heat pump and central chiller-boiler models. Two fuel cell supply situations were considered: (a) one in which only 40 kW(e) modules were available, and (b) one in which a catalog of 25, 40, 100, and 250 kW(e) modules were available. Data characterizing the economic climate, the intended market, and system cost and performance were used to determine the present value of life-cycle costs for each system in each market segment. Two market models were used to estimate FCTES sales. In the first, the perfect market model, FCTES sales were assumed to occur in all segments in which that system had the lowest present-valued costs. In the second, a market diffusion model was used to obtain a more probable (and lower) sales estimate than that of the perfect market model. Results are presented as FCTES sales for each market segment by FCTES module size and the effect on primary energy use by fuel type.

Mixon, W.R.; Christian, J.E.; Jackson, W.L.; Pine, G.D.; Hagler, H.; Shanker, R.; Koppelman, L.; Greenstein, D.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Energy payback and CO{sub 2} gas emissions from fusion and solar photovoltaic electric power plants. Final report to Department of Energy, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A cradle-to-grave net energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis of a modern photovoltaic facility that produces electricity has been performed and compared to a similar analysis on fusion. A summary of the work has been included in a Ph.D. thesis titled ''Life-cycle assessment of electricity generation systems and applications for climate change policy analysis'' by Paul J. Meier, and a synopsis of the work was presented at the 15th Topical meeting on Fusion Energy held in Washington, DC in November 2002. In addition, a technical note on the effect of the introduction of fusion energy on the greenhouse gas emissions in the United States was submitted to the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES).

Kulcinski, G.L.

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Energy payback and CO{sub 2} gas emissions from fusion and solar photovoltaic electric power plants. Final report to Department of Energy, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences  

SciTech Connect

A cradle-to-grave net energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis of a modern photovoltaic facility that produces electricity has been performed and compared to a similar analysis on fusion. A summary of the work has been included in a Ph.D. thesis titled ''Life-cycle assessment of electricity generation systems and applications for climate change policy analysis'' by Paul J. Meier, and a synopsis of the work was presented at the 15th Topical meeting on Fusion Energy held in Washington, DC in November 2002. In addition, a technical note on the effect of the introduction of fusion energy on the greenhouse gas emissions in the United States was submitted to the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES).

Kulcinski, G.L.

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

"Table A15. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" " Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Census Region and Economic" " Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991" ,,,"Consumption","Major" " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","Byproducts(b)","Fuel Oil(c)"," " " ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","as a Percent","as a Percent","RSE" " ","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","of Consumption","of Natural Gas","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(percent)","(percent)","Factors"

434

"Table A45. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption" 5. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption" " for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Industry Group," " Selected Industries, and Value of Shipment Categories, 1994" ,,,,,"Major" ,,,"Consumption","Consumption per","Byproducts(c)","Fuel Oil(d)" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","Dollar of Value","as a Percent","as a Percent","RSE" "SIC",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","of Consumption","of Natural Gas","Row" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristics(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(percents)","(percents)","Factors"

435

"Table A46. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption" Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption" " for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Industry Group," " Selected Industries, and Employment Size Categories, 1994" ,,,,,"Major" ,,,"Consumption","Consumption per","Byproducts(c)","Fuel Oil(d)" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","Dollar of Value","as a Percent","as a Percent","RSE" "SIC",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","of Consumption","of Natural Gas","Row" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristics(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(percents)","(percents)","Factors"

436

"Table A48. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" 8. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" " Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Census Region, Census Division, and Economic" " Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" ,,,"Consumption","Major" " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","Byproducts(b)","Fuel Oil(c)"," " " ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","as a Percent","as a Percent","RSE" " ","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","of Consumption","of Natural Gas","Row"

437

"Table A8. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A8. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" A8. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" " Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Census Region, Industry Group, and" " Selected Industries, 1991" ,,,,,"Major" ,,,,"Consumption","Byproducts(b)" ,,,"Consumption","per Dollar","as a","Fuel Oil(c) as" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","Percent of","a Percent of","RSE" "SIC"," ","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","Consumsption","Natural Gas","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(PERCENT)","(percent)","Factors"

438

"Table A51. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" 1. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" " Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Census Region and Economic" " Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991 " ,,,,,"Major" ,,,"Consumption","Consumption per","Byproducts(c)","Fuel Oil(d)" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","Dollar of Value","as a Percent","as a Percent","RSE" "SIC",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","of Consumption","of Natural Gas","Row" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristics(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(percent)","(percent)","Factors"

439

"Table A50. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" 0. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" " Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Industry Group," " Selected Industries, and Economic Characteristics of the" " Establishment, 1991 (Continued)" ,,,,,"Major" ,,,"Consumption","Consumption per","Byproducts(c)","Fuel Oil(d)" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","Dollar of Value","as a Percent of","as a Percent","RSE" "SIC",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","of Consumption","of Natural Gas","Row" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristics(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(Percent)","(percent)","Factors"

440

"Table A47. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" 7. Selected Energy Operating Ratios for Total Energy Consumption for" " Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group, and" " Selected Industries, 1994" ,,,,,"Major" ,,,,"Consumption","Byproducts(b)" ,,,"Consumption","per Dollar","as a","Fuel Oil(c) as" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","Percent of","a Percent of","RSE" "SIC"," ","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","Consumption","Natural Gas","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Group and Industry","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(percents)","(percents)","Factors"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Published as: Ha T. Nguyen and Joshua M. Pearce, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 12451260 (2012). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.01.017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 1245­1260 (2012). DOI: http; Photovoltaic; Renewable energy; Solar energy; Solar irradiation modeling ; Shading Abbreviations (Apv, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Table CE1-4c. Total Energy Consumption in U.S. Households by Type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Energy Consumption in U.S. Households by Type of Housing Unit, 2001 RSE Column Factor: Total ... where the end use is electric air-conditioning, ...

443

Table 18. Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 6.8 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 AEO 1995 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 AEO 1996 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 AEO 1997 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.2 AEO 1998 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 AEO 1999 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 AEO 2000 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.7 8.8 AEO 2001 7.8 8.1 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.7 AEO 2002 8.2 8.4 8.7 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.9 10.1

444

Table 17. Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 10.3 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.6 AEO 1995 11.0 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 AEO 1996 10.4 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 AEO 1997 11.1 10.9 11.1 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0 AEO 1998 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.9 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.3 AEO 1999 10.5 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0 12.1 AEO 2000 10.7 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0

445

Table 20. Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 23.6 24.1 24.5 24.7 25.1 25.4 25.7 26.2 26.5 26.9 27.2 27.6 27.9 28.3 28.6 28.9 29.2 29.5 AEO 1995 23.3 24.0 24.2 24.7 25.1 25.5 25.9 26.2 26.5 26.9 27.3 27.7 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.7 28.9 AEO 1996 23.9 24.1 24.5 24.8 25.3 25.7 26.0 26.4 26.7 27.1 27.5 27.8 28.1 28.4 28.6 28.9 29.1 AEO 1997 24.7 25.3 25.9 26.4 27.0 27.5 28.0 28.5 28.9 29.4 29.8 30.3 30.6 30.9 31.1 31.3 AEO 1998 25.3 25.9 26.7 27.1 27.7 28.3 28.8 29.4 30.0 30.6 31.2 31.7 32.3 32.8 33.1 AEO 1999 25.4 26.0 27.0 27.6 28.2 28.8 29.4 30.0 30.6 31.2 31.7 32.2 32.8 33.1 AEO 2000 26.2 26.8 27.4 28.0 28.5 29.1 29.7 30.3 30.9 31.4 31.9 32.5 32.9

446

Table 16. Total Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 88.0 89.5 90.7 91.7 92.7 93.6 94.6 95.7 96.7 97.7 98.9 100.0 100.8 101.7 102.7 103.6 104.3 105.2 AEO 1995 89.2 90.0 90.6 91.9 93.0 93.8 94.6 95.3 96.2 97.2 98.4 99.4 100.3 101.2 102.1 102.9 103.9 AEO 1996 90.6 91.3 92.5 93.5 94.3 95.1 95.9 96.9 98.0 99.2 100.4 101.4 102.1 103.1 103.8 104.7 105.5 AEO 1997 92.6 93.6 95.1 96.6 97.9 98.8 99.9 101.2 102.4 103.4 104.7 105.8 106.6 107.2 107.9 108.6 AEO 1998 94.7 96.7 98.6 99.8 101.3 102.4 103.4 104.5 105.8 107.3 108.6 109.9 111.1 112.2 113.1 AEO 1999 94.6 97.0 99.2 100.9 102.0 102.8 103.6 104.7 106.0 107.2 108.5 109.7 110.8 111.8

447

Table 19. Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 25.4 25.9 26.3 26.7 27.0 27.1 26.8 26.6 26.9 27.2 27.7 28.1 28.3 28.7 29.1 29.4 29.7 30.0 AEO 1995 26.2 26.3 26.5 27.0 27.3 26.9 26.6 26.8 27.1 27.5 27.9 28.2 28.4 28.7 29.0 29.3 29.6 AEO 1996 26.5 26.6 27.3 27.5 26.9 26.5 26.7 26.9 27.2 27.6 27.9 28.2 28.3 28.5 28.7 28.9 29.2 AEO 1997 26.2 26.5 26.9 26.7 26.6 26.8 27.1 27.4 27.8 28.0 28.4 28.7 28.9 29.0 29.2 29.4 AEO 1998 27.2 27.5 27.2 26.9 27.1 27.5 27.7 27.9 28.3 28.7 29.0 29.3 29.7 29.9 30.1 AEO 1999 26.7 26.4 26.4 26.8 27.1 27.3 27.5 27.9 28.3 28.6 28.9 29.2 29.5 29.7 AEO 2000 25.8 25.5 25.7 26.0 26.5 26.9 27.4 27.8 28.1 28.3 28.5 28.8 29.0

448

PV Testing Group Photovoltaic Cell Data Compilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PV Testing Group Photovoltaic Cell Data Compilation National Renewable Energy Laboratory 4/2/2010 ______________________________________ Page 1 *NREL Photovoltaic Cell Data Compilation Calibration Conducted For: Kaitlyn VanSant (for Solasta Contact: Paul Ciszek (303) 384-6647 Paul.Ciszek@nrel.gov #12;PV Testing Group Photovoltaic Cell Data

Burns, Michael J.

449

Applied research on energy storage and conversion for photovoltaic and wind energy systems. Volume I. Study summary and concept screening. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was directed at a review of storage technologies, and particularly those which might be best suited for use in conjunction with wind and photovoltaics. The potential ''worth'' added by incorporating storage was extensively analyzed for both wind and photovoltaics. Energy storage concepts studied include (1) above ground pumped hydro storage, (2) underground pumped hydro storage, (3) thermal storage-oil, (4) thermal storage-steam, (5) underground compressed air storage, (6) pneumatic storage, (7) lead-acid batteries, (8) advanced batteries, (9) inertial storage (flywheel), (10) hydrogen generation and storage, and (11) superconducting magnetic energy storage. The investigations performed and the major results, conclusions, and recommendations are presented in this volume. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Photovoltaic cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a photovoltaic cell structure containing a visibly transparent, electrically conductive first layer of metal oxide, and a light-absorbing semiconductive photovoltaic second layer, the improvement comprising a thin layer of transition metal nitride, carbide or boride interposed between said first and second layers.

Gordon, Roy G. (Cambridge, MA); Kurtz, Sarah (Somerville, MA)

1984-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

451

Photovoltaic system in system LABI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is prepared a new model marked as DE10 to extens the system LABI. It is a photovoltaic system. Utilizing of model is into the field of university studying and as a pilot test system for all extern experts. A special parts of model are measurement ... Keywords: automation, measurement, photovoltaic system, sun energy

Hruska Frantisek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Solar photovoltaic panels tracking system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research project concentrates on the design and control of a two-degrees-of-freedom orientation system for the photovoltaic solar panels in sunny regions which are considered very rich in solar energy. A brief background on the sun path and behavior ... Keywords: altitude, azimuth, closed-loop control, open-loop control, orientation, sensor, solar photovoltaic panels, solar tracking

Ahmed Abu Hanieh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Medical Area Total Egy Plt Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total Egy Plt Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Medical Area Total Egy Plt Inc Place Massachusetts Utility Id 12258 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

454

Photovoltaic energy program overview, fiscal year 1991. Programs in utility technologies  

SciTech Connect

The Photovoltaics Program Plan, FY 1991--FY 1995 builds on the accomplishments of the past 5 years and broadens the scope of program activities for the future. The previous plan emphasized materials and PV cell research. Under the balanced new plan, the PV Program continues its commitment to strategic research and development (R&D) into PV materials and processes, while also beginning work on PV systems and helping the PV industry encourage new markets for photovoltaics. A major challenge for the program is to assist the US PV industry in laying the foundation for at least 1000 MW of installed PV capacity in the United States and 500 MW internationally by 2000. As part of the new plan, the program expanded the scope of its activities in 1991. The PV Program is now addressing many new aspects of developing and commercializing photovoltaics. It is expanding activities with the US PV industry through the PV Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) project, designed to address US manufacturers` immediate problems; providing technical assistance to potential end users such as electric utilities; and the program is turning its attention to encouraging new markets for PV. In 1991, for example, the PV Program initiated a new project with the PV industry to encourage a domestic market for PV applications in buildings and began cooperative ventures to support other countries such as Mexico to use PV in their rural electrification programs. This report reviews some of the development, fabrication and manufacturing advances in photovoltaics this year.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Evaluation of a photovoltaic energy mechatronics system with a built-in quadratic maximum power point tracking algorithm  

SciTech Connect

The historically high cost of crude oil price is stimulating research into solar (green) energy as an alternative energy source. In general, applications with large solar energy output require a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm to optimize the power generated by the photovoltaic effect. This work aims to provide a stand-alone solution for solar energy applications by integrating a DC/DC buck converter to a newly developed quadratic MPPT algorithm along with its appropriate software and hardware. The quadratic MPPT method utilizes three previously used duty cycles with their corresponding power outputs. It approaches the maximum value by using a second order polynomial formula, which converges faster than the existing MPPT algorithm. The hardware implementation takes advantage of the real-time controller system from National Instruments, USA. Experimental results have shown that the proposed solar mechatronics system can correctly and effectively track the maximum power point without any difficulties. (author)

Chao, R.M.; Ko, S.H.; Lin, I.H. [Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronics Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan 701 (China); Pai, F.S. [Department of Electronic Engineering, National University of Tainan (China); Chang, C.C. [Department of Environment and Energy, National University of Tainan (China)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Photovoltaic Films  

The rising total cost of energy is fueling new markets for solar power. As solar moves beyond traditional niche markets and into multi-billion-dollar mainstream markets, advanced technologies will separate the winners from the losers. While the ...

457

Mission analysis of photovoltaic solar energy conversion. Volume II. Survey of near-term (1976--1985) civilian applications in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this market study was to identify and evaluate potential terrestrial civilian photovoltaic applications in the U.S. which were most likely to contribute significantly to the growth of near-term (to 1985) markets. A survey was conducted which led to the identification of many potential applications for photovoltaic power. These applications were subjected to a screening process which selected about 50 application groupings with considerable promise as near-term markets for photovoltaic arrays. For 21 of these 50 promising application groups, it was possible to make quantitative market estimates that totaled 13 MW/sub pk/ in projected annual array sales in 1985. The markets associated with the remaining 29 groups could not be quantitatively evaluated because of lack of an adequate existing data base and because the primary research required in order to provide such a data base was not feasible within the resources available in the study. If the average size of the markets associated with the unquantified groups, however, is comparable to the average for the quantified cases, then the total non-military U.S. market for arrays may well exceed 25 MW/sub pk//year in 1985. Foreign and U.S. military markets should add significantly to this total. In fact, the consensus of the photovoltaic industry representatives who were contacted is that the total foreign market over the near term may be several times as large as the domestic one.

Rattin, E. J.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Table CE1-6.2u. Total Energy Consumption and Expenditures by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table CE1-6.2u. Total Energy Consumption and Expenditures by Square Feet and Usage Indicators, 2001 Usage Indicators RSE Column Factor: Total End-Use Energy

459

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

component of China’s total energy consumption mix. However,China-specific factors were used to calculate the energy mix

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Central Government Buildings. ” Available at: http://Energy Commission, PIER Building End-Use Energy Efficiencythe total lifecycle of a building such as petroleum and

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Optimal Sizing of Energy Storage and Photovoltaic Power Systems for Demand Charge Mitigation (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Commercial facility utility bills are often a strong function of demand charges -- a fee proportional to peak power demand rather than total energy consumed. In some instances, demand charges can constitute more than 50% of a commercial customer's monthly electricity cost. While installation of behind-the-meter solar power generation decreases energy costs, its variability makes it likely to leave the peak load -- and thereby demand charges -- unaffected. This then makes demand charges an even larger fraction of remaining electricity costs. Adding controllable behind-the-meter energy storage can more predictably affect building peak demand, thus reducing electricity costs. Due to the high cost of energy storage technology, the size and operation of an energy storage system providing demand charge management (DCM) service must be optimized to yield a positive return on investment (ROI). The peak demand reduction achievable with an energy storage system depends heavily on a facility's load profile, so the optimal configuration will be specific to both the customer and the amount of installed solar power capacity. We explore the sensitivity of DCM value to the power and energy levels of installed solar power and energy storage systems. An optimal peak load reduction control algorithm for energy storage systems will be introduced and applied to historic solar power data and meter load data from multiple facilities for a broad range of energy storage system configurations. For each scenario, the peak load reduction and electricity cost savings will be computed. From this, we will identify a favorable energy storage system configuration that maximizes ROI.

Neubauer, J.; Simpson, M.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Description of the University of Texas at Arlington Solar Energy Research Facility photovoltaic/thermal residential system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The addition of a photovoltaic array to a solar-heated single-family residence at the University of Texas at Arlington permits the study of combined photovoltaic/thermal system operation. Equipment and construction details are presented.

Darkazalli, G.

1979-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

463

DOE to Provide Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Technology Development DOE to Provide Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Technology Development September 29, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced up to $17.6 million, subject to annual appropriations, for six early stage photovoltaic (PV) module incubator projects that focus on the initial manufacturing of advanced solar PV technologies. Including the cost share from industry, which will be at least 20 percent, the total research investment is expected to reach up to $35.4 million. These projects support President Bush's Solar America Initiative, which aims to make solar energy cost-competitive with conventional forms of electricity by 2015. Increasing the use of alternative and clean energy technologies such as

464

Photovoltaic Subcontract Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the fiscal year (FY) 1992 progress of the subcontracted photovoltaic (PV) research and development (R D) performed under the Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development Project at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)-formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI). The mission of the national PV program is to develop PV technology for large-scale generation of economically competitive electric power in the United States. The technical sections of the report cover the main areas of the subcontract program: the Crystalline Materials and Advanced Concepts project, the Polycrystalline Thin Films project, Amorphous Silicon Research project, the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) project, PV Module and System Performance and Engineering project, and the PV Analysis and Applications Development project. Technical summaries of each of the subcontracted programs provide a discussion of approaches, major accomplishments in FY 1992, and future research directions.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Synthesis of Titanium Dioxide Hetero-Structures for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The photovoltaic energy conversion system (PV cells or solar cells) has been researched over the last few decades, and new technologies have been proposed. At the same time, the synthesis of nano-scale materials has been investigated intensively from the 1990s. These new types of materials encourage the development of new PV technologies with extensive research. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) can be a part of these efforts. Since first presented in 1991, DSSCs have become the center of attention due to their great advantages to the traditional silicon solar cells. However, it remains a challenge to develop better performing DSSCs since the efficiency of DSSCs is still much lower than that of high performance solar cells. To meet this challenge, the different types of TiO2 nanostructures in DSSCs have been studied. This thesis presents the synthesis of TiO2 hetero-structures. These structures can achieve two important factors in DSSCs. One is the electron pathway for high electron transport rate, and the other is the large surface area for the dye absorption. TiO2 hetero-structures were successfully synthesized by using a simple thermal annealing method. The synthesis method required neither a high reaction temperature nor complicated reaction processes and produced dense TiO2 nanowires and incorporating TiO2 nanoparticles with relatively short reaction time. The key parameters of growing 1-D TiO2 nanostructures were the Cu eutectic catalyst, the reaction temperatures, and the annealing time. The repetition time and the reaction temperatures were important factors for incorporating TiO2 nanoparticles. The structure and composition of as-grown samples were analyzed using an x-ray diffractometer, a scanning electron microscope, a field emission scanning electron microscope, a transmission electron microscope and an ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The results showed they were crystalline structures in rutile phase of TiO2. From this research, we can utilize hetero-structures as an electrode of DSSCs. We also expect that our simple and effective synthesis method can be used for growing other kinds of metal oxide nanostructures, especially for those melting temperature are high.

Park, Jongbok

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

International Photovoltaic Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

The International Photovoltaics Program Plan is in direct response to the Solar Photovoltaic Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1978 (PL 95-590). As stated in the Act, the primary objective of the plan is to accelerate the widespread use of photovoltaic systems in international markets. Benefits which could result from increased international sales by US companies include: stabilization and expansion of the US photovoltaic industry, preparing the industry for supplying future domestic needs; contribution to the economic and social advancement of developing countries; reduced world demand for oil; and improvements in the US balance of trade. The plan outlines programs for photovoltaic demonstrations, systems developments, supplier assistance, information dissemination/purchaser assistance, and an informaion clearinghouse. Each program element includes tactical objectives and summaries of approaches. A program management office will be established to coordinate and manage the program plan. Although the US Department of Energy (DOE) had the lead responsibility for preparing and implementing the plan, numerous federal organizations and agencies (US Departments of Commerce, Justice, State, Treasury; Agency for International Development; ACTION; Export/Import Bank; Federal Trade Commission; Small Business Administration) were involved in the plan's preparation and implementation.

Costello, D.; Koontz, R.; Posner, D.; Heiferling, P.; Carpenter, P.; Forman, S.; Perelman, L.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

International Photovoltaic Program Plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The International Photovoltaics Program Plan is in direct response to the Solar Photovoltaic Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1978 (PL 95-590). As stated in the Act, the primary objective of the plan is to accelerate the widespread use of photovoltaic systems in international markets. Benefits which could result from increased international sales by US companies include: stabilization and expansion of the US photovoltaic industry, preparing the industry for supplying future domestic needs; contribution to the economic and social advancement of developing countries; reduced world demand for oil; and improvements in the US balance of trade. The plan outlines programs for photovoltaic demonstrations, systems developments, supplier assistance, information dissemination/purchaser assistance, and an informaion clearinghouse. Each program element includes tactical objectives and summaries of approaches. A program management office will be established to coordinate and manage the program plan. Although the US Department of Energy (DOE) had the lead responsibility for preparing and implementing the plan, numerous federal organizations and agencies (US Departments of Commerce, Justice, State, Treasury; Agency for International Development; ACTION; Export/Import Bank; Federal Trade Commission; Small Business Administration) were involved in the plan's preparation and implementation.

Costello, D.; Koontz, R.; Posner, D.; Heiferling, P.; Carpenter, P.; Forman, S.; Perelman, L.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Film Photovoltaics Research Thin Film Photovoltaics Research to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Research & Development Crystalline Silicon Thin Films Multijunctions Organic Photovoltaics Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Competitive Awards Systems Integration Balance of Systems Thin Film Photovoltaics Research The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports research and development of

469

Exascale for Energy: The Role of Exascale Computing in Energy Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion, photovoltaic solar energy, and wind turbines.bioenergy conversion, photovoltaic solar energy conversion,Electricity: Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion Electrical

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Data:Ea6765d9-d3cc-4f0d-b717-ea99f2e20b72 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Load Factor 70%-74% - Photovoltaic customers Sector: Commercial Description: Total Energy Charge Usage charge + Power cost adjustment charge 0.10611 0.06127 0.04484...

471

Data:F867a76b-8e4e-4ef3-ba5d-26b2ddc29c9c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Load Factor 75% or greater - Photovoltaic customers Sector: Commercial Description: Total Energy Charge Usage charge + Power cost adjustment charge 0.10611 0.06127 0.04484...

472

Data:98382c53-f5f5-4dbd-8583-41e5a82f92e2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Load Factor 65%-69% - Photovoltaic customers Sector: Commercial Description: Total Energy Charge Usage charge + Power cost adjustment charge 0.10611 0.06127 0.04484...

473

Data:85d0af11-8f78-427a-9c05-58b49fc88b25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Load Factor 60%-64% - Photovoltaic customers Sector: Commercial Description: Total Energy Charge Usage charge + Power cost adjustment charge 0.10611 0.06127 0.04484...

474

Supporting Photovoltaics in Market-Rate Residential New Construction: A Summary of Programmatic Experience to Date and Lessons Learned  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 2002, the Photovoltaic System and New York Energy Star-through the Photovoltaic System and New York Energy Star-NYSERDA’s Photovoltaic System and New York Energy Star-

Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

PVM Lines and Services LLC aka PVML Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PVM Lines and Services LLC aka PVML Photovoltaics PVM Lines and Services LLC aka PVML Photovoltaics Jump to: navigation, search Name PVM Lines and Services LLC (aka PVML Photovoltaics) Place Princeton, New Jersey Zip 8540 Product US-based equipment manufacturer for ingots, wafers, turkey cell and turnkey and semi-automated module production. Coordinates 43.85105°, -89.129909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.85105,"lon":-89.129909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

476

Health, safety and environmental issues relating to cadmium usage in photovoltaic energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the current technology base and hazards associated with two promising thin-film photovoltaic cells that contain cadmium compounds--cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium deselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}). More specifically, this paper summarized the toxicological information on cadmium (Cd) compounds;evaluates potential health, safety and environmental hazards associated with cadmium usage in the photovoltaics industry; describes regulatory requirements associated with the use, handling and disposal of cadmium compounds; and lists management options to permit the safe and continued use of these materials. Handling of cadmium in photovoltaic production can present hazards to health, safety and the environment. Prior recognition of these hazards can allow device manufacturers and regulators to implement appropriate and readily available hazard management strategies. Hazards associated with product use (i.e., array fires) and disposal remain controversial and partially unresolved. The most likely effects that could be expected would be those associated with chronic low-level exposures to cadmium wastes. Because of the general immobility of the cadmium present in these devices and availability of environmental and biomonitoring protocols, chronic hazards can be monitored, and remediated if necessary. 26 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Zweibel, K. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Mission analysis of photovoltaic solar energy conversion. Volume IV. Supplementary studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A discussion is presented of the most significant problems associated with the production and deployment of photovoltaic arrays. The principal chemical compounds to be used in the manufacture of silicon, gallium arsenide, and cadmium sulfide photovoltaic arrays are discussed with respect to physical and chemical properties, sources of the raw materials required to extract or synthesize these materials, the methods of manufacture, storage and handling in large quantities, transportation restrictions, spills, leaks, ignition and explosion. A discussion of safety hazards associated with the finished products is followed by an analysis of the toxicological properties of all raw, refined, and finished chemical species involved. The principal tool used in the evaluation of incentive strategies was a new Public Utility Financial Analysis and Planning Model which is described in some detail. After adaptation to match the characteristics of photovoltaic plants, it was used in the comparative evaluation of six different incentive strategies. The candidate strategies, the rationale for their selection, and the results of the comparative evaluation are presented. An account is given of an attempt to assess the full non-internalized costs of coal-fired power generation. A detailed description is given of the various damage elements and their associated societal costs for coal production, coal transportation, and coal-fired power generation. (MHR)

Leonard, S. L.; Breisacher, P.; Munjal, P. K.; Neiss, J. A.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Photovoltaics I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... TiO2 is an attractive material for dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) ... Second, I will discuss our design of photovoltaic (PV) materials that exploit ...

479

Photovoltaic Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Photovoltaic (PV) cells, or solar cells, take advantage of the photoelectric effect to produce electricity. PV cells are the building blocks of all PV systems because they are the devices that...

480

Concentrating Photovoltaics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) are a promising alternative to flat-plate photovoltaics in high direct normal irradiance (DNI) environments. The technology’s basic operating characteristics offer significant upside compared with other solar technologies: higher system efficiencies of upwards of 30%+; higher capacity factors, generated through two-axis tracking, exceeding 30% in ideal locations; lower cellular degradation from heat compared to flat-plate PV; lower water requirements; and reduced footpri...

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "total photovoltaic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Total China Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total China Investment Co Ltd Total China Investment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Total (China) Investment Co. Ltd. Place Beijing, China Zip 100004 Product Total has been present in China for about 30 years through its activities of Exploration & Production, Gas & Power, Refining & Marketing, and Chemicals. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

482

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Webmaster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics Research Home Silicon Polycrystalline Thin Films Multijunctions New Materials, Devices, & Processes Testing & Analysis Facilities National Center for Photovoltaics...

483

Comparison of Energy Production and Performance from Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Module Technologies Deployed at Fixed Tilt: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This conference paper describes the performance data for 14 photovoltaic modules deployed at fixed-latitude tilt in the field are presented and compared. Module performance is monitored continuously for optimum power characteristics. Flat-plate module technologies representative of crystalline, amorphous, and polycrystalline silicon, and cadmium telluride and copper indium diselenide, are scrutinized for energy production, effective efficiency and performance ratio-ratio of effective to reference efficiency. Most performance ratios exhibit seasonal fluctuations largely correlated to air or module temperatures, varying between 80% and 100%. These ratios tend toward larger values during winter and vise versa, except for amorphous silicon and cadmium telluride modules. In a-Si cases, the situation appears reversed: better performance ratios are exhibited during late summer. The effective efficiency and average daily and yearly energy production are analyzed and quantified.

del Cueto, J. A.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Photovoltaics (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) works with industry, academia, national laboratories, and other government agencies to advance solar photovoltaics (PV) domestically. The SunShot Initiative aims to achieve widespread, unsubsidized cost-competitiveness through an applied research and development (R&D) portfolio spanning PV materials, devices, and manufacturing technologies.

Not Available

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Integrated photovoltaic electrolytic cell  

SciTech Connect

A photovoltaic-electrolytic unit is provided to produce an electric current from solar energy and utilize the current to produce hydrogen by the electrolysis of water. The unit floats in an aqueous medium so that photoelectric cells are exposed to solar radiation, and electrodes submerged in the medium produce oxygen which is vented and hydrogen which is collected in the unit.

Ohkawa, T.

1982-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

486

High Performance Photovoltaic Project Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The High-Performance Photovoltaic (HiPerf PV) Project was initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy to substantially increase the viability of photovoltaics (PV) for cost-competitive applications so that PV can contribute significantly to our energy supply and environment in the 21st century. To accomplish this, the National Center for Photovoltaics (NCPV) directs in-house and subcontracted research in high-performance polycrystalline thin-film and multijunction concentrator devices. In this paper, we describe the recent research accomplishments in the in-house directed efforts and the research efforts under way in the subcontracted area.

Symko-Davies, M.; McConnell, R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

NREL: Learning - Photovoltaics for Small Business  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics for Small Business Photovoltaics for Small Business Photo of a factory with a photovoltaic system. This furniture factory in Massachusetts uses a photovoltaic system to generate its own electricity. The following resources will help your small business install a photovoltaic (PV) system. If you are unfamiliar with PV systems, see the introduction to PV. Resources American Solar Energy Society Provides consumers with information about solar energy and resources. Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency Provides information on state, local, utility, and selected federal incentives that promote renewable energy. Florida Solar Energy Center The Florida Solar Energy Center provides basic information on photovoltaics for consumers. Own Your Power! A Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity

488

photovoltaic | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

photovoltaic photovoltaic Dataset Summary Description Global PV grid parity and market potential. Data is courtesy of Sean Ong. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords grid Parity Payback photovoltaic price PV Residential Data text/csv icon globalgridparity.csv (csv, 4.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Creative Commons CCZero Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments If you rate this dataset, your published comment will include your rating.

489

Reducing recombination in organic photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I consider two methods to improve organic photovoltaic efficiency: energy level cascades and promotion of triplet state excitons. The former relies on a thin layer of material placed between the active ...

Sussman, Jason M. (Jason Michael)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Photovoltaics II - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Energy Nanomaterials: Photovoltaics II ... and Their Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Ziqi Sun1; Jung Ho Kim1; Yue Zhao1; ... the electron lifetime (?n) are examined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).

491

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Measurements and Characterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance - Rotating set of three photographs of National Renewable Energy Laboratory Photovoltaic Measurements and Characterization scientists and equipment: one of a...

492

DOE to Provide Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE to Provide Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic DOE to Provide Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Technology Development DOE to Provide Up to $17.6 Million for Solar Photovoltaic Technology Development September 29, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced up to $17.6 million, subject to annual appropriations, for six early stage photovoltaic (PV) module incubator projects that focus on the initial manufacturing of advanced solar PV technologies. Including the cost share from industry, which will be at least 20 percent, the total research investment is expected to reach up to $35.4 million. These projects support President Bush's Solar America Initiative, which aims to make solar energy cost-competitive with conventional forms of electricity by 2015.

493

64 kW concentrator Photovoltaics Application Test Center. Volume. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Kaman Sciences Corporation has designed a 64 kW Concentrating Photovoltaic Applications Test Center (APTEC). The APTEC employs a combined concentrating photovoltaic array in a total energy system application for load sharing the electric and thermal demands of a large computer center with the interfaced electric and natural gas utility. The photovoltaic array is composed of two-axis tracking heliostats of Fresnel lens concentrating, silicon solar cell modules. The modules are cooled with a fluid which transfers heat to a ground coupled heat sink/storage unit for subsequent use in meeting the computer center's thermal load demand. The combined photovoltaic power system shares basic components - a power conditioning unit, batteries and thermal conditioning equipment - with the electric and natural gas utility service, improving the computer center's operating availability time and displacing a portion of the fossil fuel required to power the computer center with solar energy. The detailed system design is reported.

Jardine, D.M.; Jones, D.W.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Data:0c2e0d86-9f05-4adf-bb5f-3a72f330c16c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Service Demand, Photovoltaic Customers Sector: Commercial Description: Total Energy Charge Usage charge + Power cost adjustment charge 0.10611 0.06127 0.04484...

495

Utility-scale installations lead solar photovoltaic growth - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

According to EIA's new survey-based estimate of total solar capacity, total on-grid photovoltaic (PV) capacity nearly doubled in 2011, led by particularly strong ...

496

Property:Building/TotalFloorArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Building/TotalFloorArea Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Total floor area (BRA), m2 Pages using the property "Building/TotalFloorArea" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 19,657 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 7,160 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 4,855 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 25,650 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 2,260 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 13,048 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 24,155 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 7,800 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 34,755 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 437 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 15,310 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 22,565 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 19,551 +

497

Property:RenewableFuelStandard/Total | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total Total Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "RenewableFuelStandard/Total" Showing 15 pages using this property. R Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 13.95 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 26 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15.2 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 28 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 16.55 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 30 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 18.15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 9 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 33 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 20.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 11.1 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 36 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 22.25 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 12.95 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 24 +

498

Property:Building/FloorAreaTotal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FloorAreaTotal FloorAreaTotal Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Total Pages using the property "Building/FloorAreaTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 19,657 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 7,160 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 4,454 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 25,650 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 2,260 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 14,348 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 24,155 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 7,800 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 34,755 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 437 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 15,300 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 22,565 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 19,551 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 1,338.3 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 1,550 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 2,546 +

499

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercTotal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercTotal SPElectrtyUsePercTotal Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Total Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 100.0 +