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Sample records for total harmonic distortion

  1. A Low Total Harmonic Distortion Sinusoidal Oscillator Based on Digital Harmonic Cancellation Technique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Jun

    2012-07-16

    design methodology of sinusoidal oscillator named digital-harmonic-cancellation (DHC) technique is presented. DHC technique is realized by summing up a set of square-wave signals with different phase shifts and different summing coefficient to cancel...

  2. Harmonic distortion correction in pipelined analog to digital converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panigada, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    Background Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedBackground Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedADC with 69dB SNDR Enabled by Digital Harmonic Distortion

  3. Harmonic and interharmonic distortion modeling in multiconverter systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbone, R.; Morrison, R.E.; Testa, A.; Menniti, D.

    1995-07-01

    The problem of modeling multiconverter systems in presence of harmonic and interharmonic distortion is considered. Specifically, current source rectifiers are considered as distortion sources some supply d.c. motors and the remaining supplying inverters feeding a.c. machines. The classical analogue, frequency domain and time domain models proposed in the literature to study harmonic distortion in a multiconverter system are considered and for each model suitable extension to include the interharmonic distortion are presented and critically analyzed. The results of several experiments are reported to show the usefulness and to compare the accuracy of the different extensions considered.

  4. Sensitivity of Harmonic Injection and its Spatial Evolution for Nonlinear Distortion Suppression in a TWT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Aarti

    Sensitivity of Harmonic Injection and its Spatial Evolution for Nonlinear Distortion Suppression presents an experimental investigation of the spatial evolution and sensitivity of third-order nonlinear injection without injection (d) Output Fig. 1 Spatial evolution of the wave spectrum along the TWT axis

  5. A DSP based real time power quality measurement system with voltage distortion improvement capability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gou, Jian

    1992-01-01

    have been established to specify the limitation on the magnitudes of both harmonic currents and harmonic voltage distortion at different frequencies. Among these the "IEEE Guide for Harmonic Control and Reactive Compensation of Static Power... by the utility and by the electricity consumer has arrived. These measurements include: current and voltage harmonics, input power 1'actor, reactive power, real power, total harmonic distortion (THD), percentage load unbalance, etc. The measured data can...

  6. Analysis and design of six and twelve pulse diode rectifier systems under voltage unbalance/distortion and some new methods to reduce input current harmonics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rendusara, Dudi Abdullah

    1995-01-01

    ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF SIX AND TWELVE PULSE DIODE RECTIFIER SYSTEMS UNDER VOLTAGE UNBALANCE/DISTORTION AND SOME NEW METHODS TO REDUCE INPUT CURRENT HARMONICS A Thesis by DUDI ABDULLAH RENDUSARA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1995 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF SIX AND TWELVE PULSE DIODE RECTIFIER SYSTEMS UNDER VOLTAGE UNBALANCE...

  7. Evaluating the Long-term Impact of a Continuously Increasing Harmonic Load Demand on Feeder Level Voltage Distortion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões, Marcelo Godoy

    this paper the authors analyze the long-term feeder level distortion possibilities based on a large number of nonlinear devices within residential households has led some electric utility companies to become more. With an expectation of higher penetrations of electric vehicle chargers and renewable energy devices

  8. harmonic analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    Faculty. Faculty listing for "harmonic analysis". Search People: ... Research Interests: complex analysis, harmonic analysis, and partial differential equations

  9. The effects of output transformers on distortion in audio amplifiers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanier, Ross Edwin

    1949-01-01

    in Pig. 8. The audio frequency amplifier is a conventional single-ended, fixed bias, power amplifier using a 6?6 tube connected for triode operation and driven by a low impedance audio frequency oscillator. The amplifier was coupled to its recommended... distortion in either the primary or the output of the transformer. 52 INTZRMODUIATION DISTORTION Hewlett-Packer Audio Frequenc Oscillator odel 200 Regulate Power Supply Aud o Frequenc Am lifie rane orme under Hew e -Pac sr Harmonic lliave...

  10. Harmonics and Resonance Issues with Wind Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradt, M. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Badrzadeh, Babak [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Camm, E H [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Castillo, Nestor [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Mueller, David [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Siebert, T. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Schoene, Jens [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Walling, R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group

    2011-01-01

    Wind plants are susceptible to lightly-damped resonances which can attract and amplify ambient grid harmonic distortion and magnify wind turbine harmonic generation. Long-accepted harmonic modeling assumptions and practices are not appropriate for wind plants. VSCs are not ideal current sources and grid impedance is important. Attention to modeling detail and thorough evaluation over range of conditions is critical to meaningful analysis. In general, wind turbines are very slight sources of harmonics. Most harmonic issues are a result of resonance, caused by capacitor banks (for reactive power compensation) or from the extensive underground cabling in a collector system. Converter controls instability can be exacerbated by power system resonances. In some cases this has caused severe voltage distorDon and other problems. The IEEE 519 recommended guidelines are very restrictive. I recommend that they are used to resolve serious harmonic issues, and not to create petty problems.

  11. Transportation Market Distortions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Litman, Todd

    2006-01-01

    roads and parking facilities is exempt from rent and taxes,road transport relative to rail (which pays rent and taxesroad tolls, parking fees, and Litman, Transportation Market Distortions higher fuel taxes

  12. Harmonic engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-10-20

    A high efficiency harmonic engine based on a resonantly reciprocating piston expander that extracts work from heat and pressurizes working fluid in a reciprocating piston compressor. The engine preferably includes harmonic oscillator valves capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into and out of the expander, and also preferably includes a shunt line connecting an expansion chamber of the expander to a buffer chamber of the expander for minimizing pressure variations in the fluidic circuit of the engine. The engine is especially designed to operate with very high temperature input to the expander and very low temperature input to the compressor, to produce very high thermal conversion efficiency.

  13. System and methods for reducing harmonic distortion in electrical converters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kajouke, Lateef A; Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M

    2013-12-03

    Systems and methods are provided for delivering energy using an energy conversion module. An exemplary method for delivering energy from an input interface to an output interface using an energy converison module coupled between the input interface and the output interface comprises the steps of determining an input voltage reference for the input interface based on a desired output voltage and a measured voltage and the output interface, determining a duty cycle control value based on a ratio of the input voltage reference and the measured voltage, operating one or more switching elements of the energy conversion module to deliver energy from the input interface to the output interface to the output interface with a duty cycle influenced by the dute cycle control value.

  14. Harmonic engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L.; Sewall, Noel; Boroa, Carl

    2014-08-19

    An engine based on a reciprocating piston engine that extracts work from pressurized working fluid. The engine includes a harmonic oscillator inlet valve capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into of the engine. In particular, the inlet valve includes an inlet valve head and a spring arranged together as a harmonic oscillator so that the inlet valve head is moveable from an unbiased equilibrium position to a biased closed position occluding an inlet. Upon releasing the inlet valve the inlet valve head undergoes a single oscillation past the equilibrium positio to a maximum open position and returns to a biased return position close to the closed position to choke the flow and produce a pressure drop across the inlet valve causing the inlet valve to close. Protrusions carried either by the inlet valve head or piston head are used to bump open the inlet valve from the closed position and initiate the single oscillation of the inlet valve head, and protrusions carried either by the outlet valve head or piston head are used to close the outlet valve ahead of the bump opening of the inlet valve.

  15. Cascaded third harmonic generation in hybrid graphene-semiconductor waveguides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smirnova, Daria A

    2015-01-01

    We study cascaded harmonic generation of hybrid surface plasmons in integrated planar waveguides composed of a graphene layer and a doped-semiconductor slab. We derive a comprehensive model of cascaded third harmonic generation through phase-matched nonlinear interaction of fundamental, second harmonic and third harmonic plasmonic modes supported by the structure. We show that hybrid graphene-semiconductor waveguides can simultaneously phase-match these three interacting harmonics, increasing the total third-harmonic output by a factor of 5 compared to the non-cascaded regime.

  16. INVESTIGATION Distortions in Genealogies due to Purifying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Michael

    INVESTIGATION Distortions in Genealogies due to Purifying Selection and Recombination Lauren E overall diversity and distorting the shapes of genealogies. Recombination attenuates these effects; however, purifying selection can significantly distort genealogies even for substantial recombination

  17. Adaptive Phase Adjustment Synchronization Method for Source Voltage Distortion in Electric Ship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehman, Brad

    of Electrical & Computer Engineering Mississippi State University Abstract - In any distributed power system such as aeroplanes, vehicles and electric ships. Due to the extensive use of devices with power electronics, there has been deterioration of power quality due to harmonic distortion observed in voltage and current

  18. Harmonic Oscillator Frank Rioux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Frank

    Harmonic Oscillator Frank Rioux Schrodinger's equation is integrated numerically for the first three energy states for the harmonic oscillator. The integration algorithm is taken from J. C. Hansen, J energy: = 0.5n. The calculations below show the virial theorem is satisfied for the harmonic

  19. Polynomial Harmonic Morphisms Martin Svensson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Sigmundur

    Polynomial Harmonic Morphisms Martin Svensson Examensarbete, 20 poang Lunds Universitet November Chapter 2. Harmonic Maps 13 1. The Second Fundamental Form 13 2. Harmonic Maps 18 3. Harmonic Functions 25 Chapter 3. Harmonic Morphisms 29 1. Horizontal Conformality 29 2. Harmonic Morphisms 33 3. The Existence

  20. A multiple deep attenuation frequency window for harmonic analysis in power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daponte, P.; Falcomata, G. . Dept. di Elettronica Informatica e Sistemistica); Testa, A. . Dipt. di Ingegneria Elettrica)

    1994-04-01

    A novel window is presented and applied in electrical power system harmonic analysis. The goal of increasing the resolvability of low magnitude non-harmonic tones close in frequency to higher magnitude harmonics and the detectability of very low magnitude high frequency harmonics is pursued. The proposed window is derived from the Tseng window; its spectrum can be modeled in the synthesis stage and it is characterized by a narrow width main lobe and by sidelobes which are very low in correspondence to some specified frequencies. Numerical experiments demonstrate the performances and the usefulness of the new window in resolving periodic distorted waveforms in power systems.

  1. When is the product of two planar harmonic mappings harmonic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mortini, Raymond

    When is the product of two planar harmonic mappings harmonic? Raymond Mortini Lecturas Matem´aticas Volumen 23 (2002), p´aginas 5­10 Abstract. We determine all complex-valued harmonic functions u and v defined on a planar domain for which uv, respectively u2 - v2 is harmonic Key words and phrases. Harmonic

  2. High-order harmonic generation in a capillary discharge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.; Kapteyn, Henry C.; Mumane, Margaret M.; Gaudiosi, David; Grisham, Michael E.; Popmintchev, Tenio V.; Reagan, Brendan A.

    2010-06-01

    A pre-ionized medium created by a capillary discharge results in more efficient use of laser energy in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from ions. It extends the cutoff photon energy, and reduces the distortion of the laser pulse as it propagates down the waveguide. The observed enhancements result from a combination of reduced ionization energy loss and reduced ionization-induced defocusing of the driving laser as well as waveguiding of the driving laser pulse. The discharge plasma also provides a means to spectrally tune the harmonics by tailoring the initial level of ionization of the medium.

  3. The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle In atomic units the wave function in coordinate space for an harmonic oscillator with reduced mass, ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Frank

    The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle In atomic units the wave function in coordinate space for an harmonic oscillator with reduced mass, , equal to one and force constant k is given occurs in the simple harmonic oscillator. The classical turning point is that position at which the total

  4. HARMONIC MORPHISMS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Sigmundur

    HARMONIC MORPHISMS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS SIGMUNDUR GUDMUNDSSON AND MARTIN SVENSSON theory of harmonic morphisms between Riemannian manifolds. This research field has developed rapidly geometry a harmonic morphism is a map : (M, g) (N, h) between Riemannian manifolds with the property

  5. Electrodynamic spherical harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrey Novitsky

    2008-03-28

    Electrodynamic spherical harmonic is a second rank tensor in three-dimensional space. It allows to separate the radial and angle variables in vector solutions of Maxwell's equations. Using the orthonormalization for electrodynamic spherical harmonic, a boundary problem on a sphere can be easily solved.

  6. Lab 6: Forced Harmonic Motion Driven harmonic oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafsson, Torgny

    Lab 6: Forced Harmonic Motion Driven harmonic oscillation Example: Atomic force microscope watch, circuit, ... #12;A constant energy flow at steady state ( )F t dF Rx= - 0oin ut PP + = #12;Forced harmonic t - = + #12;Forced harmonic oscillation (cont.) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 2 2 0 cos 2 sin cos cosF m

  7. Harmonic Morphisms -Basics Sigmundur Gudmundsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Sigmundur

    Harmonic Morphisms - Basics Sigmundur Gudmundsson Department of Mathematics Faculty of Science Lund University Sigmundur.Gudmundsson@math.lu.se March 11, 2014 #12;Harmonic Maps in Gaussian Geometry Harmonic Maps in Riemannian Geometry Outline 1 Harmonic Maps in Gaussian Geometry Holomorphic Functions in One

  8. On harmonic binomial series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark W. Coffey

    2008-12-09

    We evaluate binomial series with harmonic number coefficients, providing recursion relations, integral representations, and several examples. The results are of interest to analytic number theory, the analysis of algorithms, and calculations of theoretical physics, as well as other applications.

  9. Optical harmonic generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Summers, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Eimerl, David (Pleasanton, CA); Boyd, Robert D. (Livermore, CA)

    1985-01-01

    A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The "extraordinary" or "e" directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90.degree.). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude "o" and "e" components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has "o" and "e" components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 ("o":"e" reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10.degree.. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axes ("o").

  10. Optical harmonic generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Summers, M.A.; Eimerl, D.; Boyd, R.D.

    1982-06-10

    A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The extraordinary or e directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90/sup 0/). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude o and e components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has o and e components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 (o:e reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10/sup 0/. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axeses (o).

  11. Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantum number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bousso, Raphael

    2009-01-01

    LBNL- 57239 Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantumhep-th/0310223 UCB-PTH-03/26 Harmonic resolution as aquantum number, the harmonic resolution K. The Bekenstein

  12. Harmonic functions on Walsh's Brownian motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jehring, Kristin Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    4.3 Harmonic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chapter 3 Harmonic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1Markov Chains 4.3.2 Harmonic Functions for the Embedded

  13. DATABASE AUTHENTICATION BY DISTORTION FREE WATERMARKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortesi, Tino

    DATABASE AUTHENTICATION BY DISTORTION FREE WATERMARKING Sukriti Bhattacharya and Agostino Cortesi@dsi.unive.it, cortesi@unive.it Keywords: Database watermarking, ZAW, Public key watermark, Abstract interpretation the verification of integrity of the relational databases by using a public zero distortion authentication

  14. Zach Harmon Air Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    in the Troposphere Summary of Problem/Impact United States dependency on foreign oil and increased energy consumptionZach Harmon 810907207 Air Chemistry Natural Gas Production Impacts on levels of ozone administration to encourage fast growth to reduce dependency of foreign oil and be energy independent. It

  15. HARMONIC MORPHISMS ON HOMOGENEOUS HADAMARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Sigmundur

    HARMONIC MORPHISMS ON HOMOGENEOUS HADAMARD MANIFOLDS JONAS NORDSTRÃ?M Master's thesis 2010:E14;#12;Abstract In this thesis we investigate the existence of complex-valued harmonic morphisms on Lie groups of their Lie algebra. This decomposi- tion allows us to define harmonic morphisms to Rn , n 2. Any homogeneous

  16. Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botti, Silvana

    Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces Nicolas Tancogne-Dejean, Valérie Véniard Condensed Matter/DSM European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility #12;2 Outline Nonlinear optic and second harmonic generation;4 Second harmonic generation First nonlinear term Centrosymmetric material : (2) = 0 (3)First nonlinear

  17. Harmonic Superspace Gaugeon Formalism for the ABJM Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir Faizal

    2012-07-12

    In this paper we will analyse the ABJM theory in harmonic superspace. The harmonic superspace variables will be parameterized by the coset $SU(2)/U(1)$ and thus will have manifest $\\mathcal{N} =3$ supersymmetry. We will study the quantum gauge transformations and the BRST transformations of this theory in gaugeon formalism. We will use this BRST symmetry to project out the physical sub-space from the total Hilbert space. We will also show that the evolution of the $\\mathcal{S}$-matrix is unitary for this ABJM theory in harmonic superspace.

  18. On the harmonic map equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. C. Tiwari

    2007-06-09

    A generalized harmonic map equation is presented based on the proposed action functional in the Weyl space (PLA, 135, 315, 1989).

  19. Zigzag laser with reduced optical distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Albrecht, Georg F. (Livermore, CA); Comaskey, Brian (Stockton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)

    1994-01-01

    The architecture of the present invention has been driven by the need to solve the beam quality problems inherent in Brewster's angle tipped slab lasers. The entrance and exit faces of a solid state slab laser are cut perpendicular with respect to the pump face, thus intrinsically eliminating distortion caused by the unpumped Brewster's angled faces. For a given zigzag angle, the residual distortions inherent in the remaining unpumped or lightly pumped ends may be reduced further by tailoring the pump intensity at these ends.

  20. Zigzag laser with reduced optical distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Albrecht, G.F.; Comaskey, B.; Sutton, S.B.

    1994-04-19

    The architecture of the present invention has been driven by the need to solve the beam quality problems inherent in Brewster's angle tipped slab lasers. The entrance and exit faces of a solid state slab laser are cut perpendicular with respect to the pump face, thus intrinsically eliminating distortion caused by the unpumped Brewster's angled faces. For a given zigzag angle, the residual distortions inherent in the remaining unpumped or lightly pumped ends may be reduced further by tailoring the pump intensity at these ends. 11 figures.

  1. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  2. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  3. Harmonic Wavelet Transform and Image Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhihua; Saito, Naoki

    2010-01-01

    DOI 10.1007/s10851-010-0202-x Harmonic Wavelet Transform andwe approximate f by a harmonic function u such that thebanks. We call this the Harmonic Wavelet Transform (HWT).

  4. Gaussian fidelity distorted by external fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Jonas F G

    2015-01-01

    Gaussian state decoherence aspects due to interacting magnetic-like and gravitational fields are quantified through the quantum fidelity and Shannon entropy in the scope of the phase-space representation of elementary quantum systems. For Gaussian Wigner functions describing harmonic oscillator states, an interacting external field destroys the quantum fidelity and introduces a quantum beating behavior. Likewise, it introduces harmonic profiles for free particle systems. Some aspects of quantum decoherence for the quantum harmonic oscillator and for the free particle limit are also quantified through the Shannon entropy. For the gravitational quantum well, the effect of a magnetic-like field on the quantum fidelity is suppressed by the linear term of the gravitational potential. To conclude, one identifies a fine formal connection of the quantum decoherence aspects discussed here with the noncommutative quantum mechanics.

  5. Gaussian fidelity distorted by external fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonas F. G. Santos; Alex E. Bernardini

    2015-10-10

    Gaussian state decoherence aspects due to interacting magnetic-like and gravitational fields are quantified through the quantum fidelity and Shannon entropy in the scope of the phase-space representation of elementary quantum systems. For Gaussian Wigner functions describing harmonic oscillator states, an interacting external field destroys the quantum fidelity and introduces a quantum beating behavior. Likewise, it introduces harmonic profiles for free particle systems. Some aspects of quantum decoherence for the quantum harmonic oscillator and for the free particle limit are also quantified through the Shannon entropy. For the gravitational quantum well, the effect of a magnetic-like field on the quantum fidelity is suppressed by the linear term of the gravitational potential. To conclude, one identifies a fine formal connection of the quantum decoherence aspects discussed here with the noncommutative quantum mechanics.

  6. Harmonic bundles, topological-antitopological fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henri Poincaré -Nancy-Université, Université

    Harmonic bundles, topological-antitopological fusion and the related pluriharmonic maps Lars Sch associated to a harmonic bundle 7 1 Introduction Topological-antitopological fusion or tt -geometry

  7. Virasoro algebra from harmonic superspace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saidi, E.H.; Zakkari, M. (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy))

    1992-07-15

    Using harmonic superspace techniques we construct a new field realization of the Virasoro algebra. The main conformal objects are U(1) Cartan tensors instead of the U(1) Lorentz ones. The new conformal model, which admits moreover a {ital d}=2 (4,0) global supersymmetry, is constructed out of the infinitely relaxed Howe-Stelle-Townsend and Fayet-Sohnius hypermultiplets. The conformal current {ital T}{sup 4+} together with the harmonic superspace operator product expansion rules are given. The Virasoro algebra and the harmonic superspace Schwarzian derivative {ital S}{sup 4+} are also derived.

  8. Image Distortions in Stereoscopic Video Systems Andrew Woods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and keystone distortion. The variation of system parameters is also analysed with the help of plots of image configurations are compared and the amount of vertical parallax induced by lens distortion and keystone

  9. HARMONIC TWOSPHERES IN COMPACT SYMMETRIC SPACES, REVISITED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bath, University of

    HARMONIC TWO­SPHERES IN COMPACT SYMMETRIC SPACES, REVISITED F. E. Burstall and M. A. Guest Introduction The purpose of this article is to give a new description of harmonic maps from the two­sphere S 2 of such harmonic maps occur when G=K = S n or CP n . In 1967, E. Calabi gave a construction of all harmonic maps

  10. Harmonic Broadcasting Is Optimal Lars Engebretsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Harmonic Broadcasting Is Optimal Lars Engebretsen Madhu Sudan Abstract Harmonic broadcasting-on-demand broadcasting. In this paper, we note that harmonic broadcasting is actually a special case of the priority argument--that it is impossible to achieve the design goals of harmonic broadcasting using a shorter

  11. High Harmonic Generation Physics 208A Presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    High Harmonic Generation Physics 208A Presentation October 11, 2004 Tom Allison UC Berkeley #12 to Fourier components of the polarization at harmonics of the laser frequency, creating radiation at harmonics of the laser frequency. #12;· First demonstration of second harmonic generation by P.A. Franken et

  12. On The Harmonic Oscillator Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raquel M. Lopez; Sergei K. Suslov; Jose M. Vega-Guzman

    2011-12-04

    We discuss the maximum kinematical invariance group of the quantum harmonic oscillator from a view point of the Ermakov-type system. A six parameter family of the square integrable oscillator wave functions, which seems cannot be obtained by the standard separation of variables, is presented as an example. The invariance group of generalized driven harmonic oscillator is shown to be isomorphic to the corresponding Schroedinger group of the free particle.

  13. Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stupakov, Gennady; /SLAC

    2012-06-28

    A recently proposed concept of the Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG) FEL uses two laser modulators in combination with two dispersion sections to generate a high-harmonic density modulation in a relativistic beam. This seeding technique holds promise of a one-stage soft x-ray FEL that radiates not only transversely but also longitudinally coherent pulses. Currently, an experimental verification of the concept is being conducted at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory aimed at the demonstration of the EEHG.

  14. NOISE AND ROOM ACOUSTICS DISTORTED SPEECH RECOGNITION BY HMM COMPOSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takiguchi, Tetsuya

    NOISE AND ROOM ACOUSTICS DISTORTED SPEECH RECOGNITION BY HMM COMPOSITION Satoshi NAKAMURA, Tetsuya method of an additive noise to that of the convolutional room acoustics distortion. The HMM composition, 2)Composition of distorted speech and noise HMMs in linear spectral domain. The speaker dependent

  15. CORRECTION OF BUTT-WELDING INDUCED DISTORTIONS BY LASER FORMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Y. Lawrence

    CORRECTION OF BUTT-WELDING INDUCED DISTORTIONS BY LASER FORMING Peng Cheng, Andrew J. Birnbaum, Y Egland Technology and Solutions Division Caterpillar Inc. Peoria, IL KEYWORDS Welding, Distortion, Correction, Laser Forming ABSTRACT Welding-induced distortion is an intrinsic phenomenon arising due

  16. Tail Distortion Risk and Its Asymptotic Analysis Revision: March 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Tail Distortion Risk and Its Asymptotic Analysis Li Zhu Haijun Li May 2011 Revision: March 2012 Abstract A distortion risk measure used in finance and insurance is defined as the expected value of potential loss under a scenario probability measure. In this paper, the tail distortion risk measure

  17. Simulation of Heat Treatment Distortion R.A. Hardin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    Simulation of Heat Treatment Distortion R.A. Hardin1 and C. Beckermann2 1 Research Engineer, 2 Abstract This paper gives an overview of the problem of heat treatment stress and distortion and a review reported in the literature of heat treatment distortion on Navy-C rings made from 4140 and 8620 steel

  18. Electric current generation in distorted graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ana Julia Mizher; Alfredo Raya; Cristian Villavicencio

    2015-10-26

    Graphene-like materials can be effectively described by Quantum Electrodynamics in (2+1)-dimensions. In a pristine state, these systems exhibit a symmetry between the nonequivalent Dirac points in the honeycomb lattice. Realistic samples which include distortions and crystalline anisotropies are considered through mass gaps of topological and dynamical nature. In this work we show that the incorporation of an in-plane uniform external magnetic field on this pseudochiral asymmetric configuration generates a non-dissipative electric current aligned with the magnetic field: The pseudo chiral magnetic effect. This scenario resembles the chiral magnetic effect in Quantum Chromodynamics.

  19. Prediction of Part Distortion in Die Casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Allen Miller

    2005-03-30

    The die casting process is one of the net shape manufacturing techniques and is widely used to produce high production castings with tight tolerances for many industries. An understanding of the stress distribution and the deformation pattern of parts produced by die casting will result in less deviation from the part design specification, a better die design and eventually more productivity and cost savings. This report presents methods that can be used to simulate the die casting process in order to predict the deformation and stresses in the produced part and assesses the degree to which distortion modeling is practical for die casting at the current time. A coupled thermal-mechanical finite elements model was used to simulate the die casting process. The simulation models the effect of thermal and mechanical interaction between the casting and the die. It also includes the temperature dependant material properties of the casting. Based on a designed experiment, a sensitivity analysis was conducted on the model to investigate the effect of key factors. These factors include the casting material model, material properties and thermal interaction between casting and dies. To verify the casting distortion predictions, it was compared against the measured dimensions of produced parts. The comparison included dimensions along and across the parting plane and the flatness of one surface.

  20. Total Imports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths30,2,8,Product: Total Crude

  1. Impact of the MLC on the MRI field distortion of a prototype MRI-linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolling, Stefan; Keall, Paul; Oborn, Brad

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: To cope with intrafraction tumor motion, integrated MRI-linac systems for real-time image guidance are currently under development. The multileaf collimator (MLC) is a key component in every state-of-the-art radiotherapy treatment system, allowing for accurate field shaping and tumor tracking. This work quantifies the magnetic impact of a widely used MLC on the MRI field homogeneity for such a modality.Methods: The finite element method was employed to model a MRI-linac assembly comprised of a 1.0?T split-bore MRI magnet and the key ferromagnetic components of a Varian Millennium 120 MLC, namely, the leaves and motors. Full 3D magnetic field maps of the system were generated. From these field maps, the peak-to-peak distortion within the MRI imaging volume was evaluated over a 30?cm diameter sphere volume (DSV) around the isocenter and compared to a maximum preshim inhomogeneity of 300??T. Five parametric studies were performed: (1) The source-to-isocenter distance (SID) was varied from 100 to 200?cm, to span the range of a compact system to that with lower magnetic coupling. (2) The MLC model was changed from leaves only to leaves with motors, to determine the contribution to the total distortion caused by MLC leaves and motors separately. (3) The system was configured in the inline or perpendicular orientation, i.e., the linac treatment beam was oriented parallel or perpendicular to the magnetic field direction. (4) The treatment field size was varied from 0 × 0 to 20×20?cm{sup 2}, to span the range of clinical treatment fields. (5) The coil currents were scaled linearly to produce magnetic field strengths B{sub 0} of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5?T, to estimate how the MLC impact changes with B{sub 0}.Results: (1) The MLC-induced MRI field distortion fell continuously with increasing SID. (2) MLC leaves and motors were found to contribute to the distortion in approximately equal measure. (3) Due to faster falloff of the fringe field, the field distortion was generally smaller in the perpendicular beam orientation. The peak-to-peak DSV distortion was below 300??T at SID?130?cm (perpendicular) and SID?140?cm (inline) for the 1.0?T design. (4) The simulation of different treatment fields was identified to cause dynamic changes in the field distribution. However, the estimated residual distortion was below 1.2?mm geometric distortion at SID?120?cm (perpendicular) and SID?130?cm (inline) for a 10?mT/m frequency-encoding gradient. (5) Due to magnetic saturation of the MLC materials, the field distortion remained constant at B{sub 0}>1.0?T.Conclusions: This work shows that the MRI field distortions caused by the MLC cannot be ignored and must be thoroughly investigated for any MRI-linac system. The numeric distortion values obtained for our 1.0?T magnet may vary for other magnet designs with substantially different fringe fields, however the concept of modest increases in the SID to reduce the distortion to a shimmable level is generally applicable.

  2. Harmonic Morphisms from Homogeneous Spaces -Some Existence Theory -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Sigmundur

    Harmonic Morphisms from Homogeneous Spaces - Some Existence Theory - Sigmundur Gudmundsson 2014 #12;Harmonic Morphisms Eigenfamilies - Constructions Orthogonal Harmonic Families - Constructions Low-Dimensional Classifications References Outline 1 Harmonic Morphisms Basics Geometric Motivation

  3. Harmonic oscillators in a Snyder geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Valtancoli

    2013-06-01

    We find that, in presence of the Snyder geometry, the quantization of d isotropic harmonic oscillators can be solved exactly.

  4. A Refined Harmonic Rayleigh--Ritz Procedure and an Explicitly Restarted Refined Harmonic Arnoldi Algorithm #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Zhongxiao

    A Refined Harmonic Rayleigh--Ritz Procedure and an Explicitly Restarted Refined Harmonic Arnoldi Algorithm # Guizhi Chen + Zhongxiao Jia # Abstract The work is fourfold. First, a refined harmonic Rayleigh--Ritz procedure is proposed, some relationships are established between the refined harmonic Ritz vector

  5. Poisson harmonic forms, Kostant harmonic forms, and the S 1 equivariant cohomology of K/T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evens, Sam

    Poisson harmonic forms, Kostant harmonic forms, and the S 1 ­equivariant cohomology of K/T Sam Abstract We characterize the harmonic forms on a flag manifold K/T defined by Kostant in 1963 in terms of a Poisson structure. Namely, they are ``Poisson harmonic'' with respect to the so­called Bruhat Poisson

  6. Reduced Harmonic Representation of Partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Psimopoulos

    2011-03-08

    In the present article the reduced integral representation of partitions in terms of harmonic products has been derived first by using hypergeometry and the new concept of fractional sum and secondly by studying the Fourier series of the kernel function appearing in the integral representation. Using the method of induction, a generalization of the theory has also been obtained.

  7. High Harmonic Generation Basic Techniques & Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    High Harmonic Generation Basic Techniques & Challenges C. Michael R. Greaves #12;Regimes-cycle laser fields #12;Outline · Optical Field Atomic Ionization · High Harmonic Generation (HHG-rays · References #12;Optical Field Atomic Ionization · Harmonics are generated by the tunneling, transport

  8. HARMONIC AND SUPERHARMONIC MAJORANTS ON THE DISK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Pascal J.

    HARMONIC AND SUPERHARMONIC MAJORANTS ON THE DISK function on the unit disk admits * *a harmonic majorant if and only if a certain explicit upper D denote the open unit disk in the complex plane, and H+ (D) the cone of positive harmonic

  9. VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3. The first one is to find a harmonic map from a 3 manifold to a 3D solid sphere and the second is a sphere- gest that 3D harmonic mapping of brain volumes to a solid sphere can provide a canonical coordinate

  10. Harmonic oscillator: an analysis via Fourier series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. de Castro

    2013-09-30

    The Fourier series method is used to solve the homogeneous equation governing the motion of the harmonic oscillator. It is shown that the general solution to the problem can be found in a surprisingly simple way for the case of the simple harmonic oscillator. It is also shown that the damped harmonic oscillator is susceptible to the analysis.

  11. Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberberg, Yaron

    Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses Dan Oron and Yaron Silberberg of harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses are explored both theoreti- cally and experimentally. Analyzing the phase-matching conditions for harmonic generation we find a corre- spondence

  12. HARMONIC MORPHISMS, HERMITIAN STRUCTURES AND SYMMETRIC SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Sigmundur

    HARMONIC MORPHISMS, HERMITIAN STRUCTURES AND SYMMETRIC SPACES In this text we refer to the following papers by capital letters as indicated. [A] M. Svensson, On holomorphic harmonic morphisms, Manuscripta Math. 107 (2002), 1­13. [B] M. Svensson, Harmonic morphisms from even-dimensional hyper- bolic

  13. HARMONIC MAPS AND INTEGRABLE SYSTEMS EMMA CARBERRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sydney, University of

    HARMONIC MAPS AND INTEGRABLE SYSTEMS EMMA CARBERRY Abstract. This article has two purposes. The first is to give an ex- pository account of the integrable systems approach to harmonic maps from surfaces to Lie groups and symmetric spaces, focusing on spectral curves for harmonic 2-tori. The most

  14. Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Jaehoon

    Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd Law Theory Simple Harmonic Motion is not as simpleperiod where m is the mass of the object in kilograms and k is the spring constant. Newton's 3rd Law Newton's 3rd Law using two Force sensors. Procedure: Simple Harmonic Motion Getting the data 1. Open

  15. spherical harmonics for l < 20

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Michael, J. Robert [Middle Tennessee State University; Volkov, Anatoliy [Middle Tennessee State University

    2015-01-23

    The widely used pseudoatom formalism [Stewart (1976). Acta Cryst. A32, 565–574; Hansen & Coppens (1978). Acta Cryst. A34, 909–921] in experimental X-ray charge-density studies makes use of real spherical harmonics when describing the angular component of aspherical deformations of the atomic electron density in molecules and crystals. The analytical form of the densitynormalized Cartesian spherical harmonic functions for up to l 7 and the corresponding normalization coefficients were reported previously by Paturle & Coppens [Acta Cryst. (1988), A44, 6–7]. It was shown that the analytical form for normalization coefficients is available primarily for l 4 [Hansen & Coppens, 1978; Paturle & Coppens, 1988; Coppens (1992). International Tables for Crystallography, Vol. B, Reciprocal space, 1st ed., edited by U. Shmueli, ch. 1.2. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; Coppens (1997). X-ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding. New York: Oxford University Press]. Only in very special cases it is possible to derive an analytical representation of the normalization coefficients for 4 4 the density normalization coefficients were calculated numerically to within seven significant figures. In this study we review the literature on the density-normalized spherical harmonics, clarify the existing notations, use the Paturle–Coppens (Paturle & Coppens, 1988) method in the Wolfram Mathematica software to derive the Cartesian spherical harmonics for l 20 and determine the density normalization coefficients to 35 significant figures, and computer-generate a Fortran90 code. The article primarily targets researchers who work in the field of experimental X-ray electron density, but may be of some use to all who are interested in Cartesian spherical harmonics.

  16. Second harmonic generation in the moving media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghalandari, Mahboubeh

    2015-01-01

    Because of the importance of second harmonic generation in some nonlinear media, in this paper, we investigated induced second harmonic generation in diamond where there is no intrinsic second order susceptibility, X(2). The electric field is proposed to introduce moving susceptibility of the second order and induce second harmonic generation. Then, spatiotemporal (QPM) is applied to optimize the induced second harmonic generation. Numerical results reveals that in this way, the induced second harmonic is found at the frequency of omega (2) = 2 omega(0) + or - Delta omega rather than omega (0).

  17. Chemical Consequences of Heme Distortion and the Role of Heme Distortion in Signal Transduction of H-NOX Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olea, Jr., Charles

    2010-01-01

    Chemical Consequences of Heme Distortion and the Role ofMatthew B. Francis Spring 2010 Chemical Consequences of Hemeby Charles Olea, Jr. Abstract Chemical Consequences of Heme

  18. LOW-DISTORTION DELTA-SIGMA TOPOLOGIES FOR MASH ARCHITECTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Un-Ku

    LOW-DISTORTION DELTA-SIGMA TOPOLOGIES FOR MASH ARCHITECTURES José Silva, Un-Ku Moon, and Gábor C This paper describes low-distortion delta-sigma topologies with significant system and circuit-level advantages over traditional delta-sigma topologies, especially for wideband (low oversampling ratio

  19. Minimization of welding residual stress and distortion in large structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaleris, Panagiotis

    1 Minimization of welding residual stress and distortion in large structures P. Michaleris at Champaign Urbana, Urbana, IL Abstract Welding distortion in large structures is usually caused by buckling due to the residual stress. In cases where the design is fixed and minimum weld size requirements

  20. Visual-Feedback Distortion in a Robotic Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klatzky, Roberta

    INVITED P A P E R Visual-Feedback Distortion in a Robotic Rehabilitation Environment In a finger-motion rehabilitation trial, where a patient presses against robot resistance, progress can be aided by visual feedback Matsuoka ABSTRACT | We create a robotic rehabilitation environment that distorts the visual feedback

  1. Researcharticle Distortions in Genealogies Due to Purifying Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Michael

    Researcharticle Distortions in Genealogies Due to Purifying Selection Lauren E. Nicolaisen1, leading to a reduced effective population size. However, it also distorts genealogies relative to neutral of genealogies in a population under strong purifying selection as equivalent to a purely neutral population

  2. Harmonic Chain with Weak Dissipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Lykov; V. A. Malyshev

    2013-02-20

    We consider finite harmonic chain (consisting of N classical particles) plus dissipative force acting on one particle (called dissipating particle) only. We want to prove that "in the generic case" the energy (per particle) for the whole system tends to zero in the large time limit and then in the large N limit. "In the generic case" means: for almost all initial conditions and for almost any choice of the dissipating particle, in the thermodynamic limit.

  3. Hyperspherical harmonic formalism for tetraquarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Vijande; N. Barnea; A. Valcarce

    2006-10-11

    We present a generalization of the hyperspherical harmonic formalism to study systems made of quarks and antiquarks of the same flavor. This generalization is based on the symmetrization of the $N-$body wave function with respect to the symmetric group using the Barnea and Novoselsky algorithm. Our analysis shows that four-quark systems with non-exotic $2^{++}$ quantum numbers may be bound independently of the quark mass. $0^{+-}$ and $1^{+-}$ states become attractive only for larger quarks masses.

  4. Theoretical studies of high-order harmonic generation: Effects of symmetry, degeneracy, and orientation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madsen, C. B.; Madsen, L. B.

    2007-10-15

    Using a quantum-mechanical three-step model, we present numerical calculations of the high-order harmonic generation from four polyatomic molecules. Ethylene (C{sub 2}H{sub 4}) serves as an example where orbital symmetry directly affects the harmonic yield. We treat the case of methane (CH{sub 4}) to address the high-order harmonic generation resulting from a molecule with degenerate orbitals. To this end we illustrate how the single-orbital contributions show up in the total high-order harmonic signal. This example illustrates the importance of adding coherently the amplitude contributions from the individual degenerate orbitals. Finally, we study the high-order harmonic generation from propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) and butane (C{sub 4}H{sub 10}). These two molecules, being extended and far from spherical in structure, produce harmonics with nontrivial orientational dependencies. In particular, propane can be oriented so that very high-frequency harmonics are favored, and thus the molecule contains prospects for the generation of uv attosecond pulses.

  5. Analysis of higher harmonic contamination with a modified approach using a grating analyser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Rajkumar Modi, Mohammed H.; Lodha, G. S.; Kumar, M.; Chakera, J. A.

    2014-04-15

    Soft x-ray spectra of the toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) at the reflectivity beamline of Indus-1 synchrotron source are analyzed for higher harmonic contribution. A diffraction grating of central line spacing 1200 l/mm is used to disperse the monochromatic beam received from TGM to quantify the harmonic contents in the 50–360 Å wavelength range. In order to calculate the harmonic contamination, conventionally the intensity of higher order peak is divided by first order peak intensity of the desired wavelength. This approach is found to give wrong estimate as first order peak itself is overlapped by higher order peaks. In the present study, a modified approach has been proposed to calculate harmonic contamination where the intensity contributions of overlapping orders have been removed from the first order diffraction peak of the desired wavelength. It is found that the order contamination in the TGM spectra is less than 15% in the wavelength range of 90–180 Å. The total harmonic contribution increases from 6%–60% in the wavelength range of 150–260 Å. The critical wavelength of Indus-1 is 61 Å hence the harmonic contamination below 90 Å is significantly low. The results obtained with modified approach match well with those obtained by quantitative analysis of multilayer reflectivity data. The obtained higher harmonics data are used to fit the transmission of aluminum edge filter in the 120–360 Å wavelength range.

  6. Power Quality/Harmonic Detection: Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems for the Telecommunications Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felkner, L. J.; Waggoner, R. M.

    1993-01-01

    The control of harmonics in power systems continues to be a major concern in the telecommunications industry. AC/DC telecommunication conversion equipment has rarely been thought of as playing a major role in the harmonic interaction problem. Yet...

  7. Measuring primordial anisotropic correlators with CMB spectral distortions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maresuke Shiraishi; Michele Liguori; Nicola Bartolo; Sabino Matarrese

    2015-10-04

    We show that inflationary models with broken rotational invariance generate testable off-diagonal signatures in the correlation between the $\\mu$-type distortion and temperature fluctuations of the cosmic microwave background. More precisely, scenarios with a quadrupolar bispectrum asymmetry, usually generated by fluctuations of primordial vector fields, produce a nonvanishing $\\mu$-$T$ correlation when $|\\ell_1-\\ell_2|=2$. Since spectral distortions are sensitive to primordial fluctuations up to very small scales, a cosmic variance limited spectral distortion experiment can detect such effects with a high signal-to-noise ratio.

  8. Harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Green; Varghese Mathai

    2009-02-13

    We initiate the study of harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters, with applications to smooth versions of the Geometric Langlands program in the abelian case.

  9. Modulation compression for short wavelength harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang, J.

    2010-01-01

    Wavelength Harmonic Generation Ji Qiang Lawrence Berkeleyform a basis for fourth generation light source. Currently,e?ciency was proposed for generation of short wavelength

  10. Harmonic potential and hadron spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael Tumanyan

    2009-05-28

    The quark-gluon sea in the hadrons is considered as periodically correlated. Energy levels of Shrodinger equation with harmonic potential is used for describing of the spectrum of hadron masses. In the considered cases the effective potential operating on each particle of ensemble, under certain conditions becomes square-law on displacement from a equilibrium point. It can become an explanation of popularity of oscillator potential for the description of a spectrum of masses of elementary particles. The analysis shows that levels of periodic potential better agreed to the spectrum of hadron masses, than levels of other potentials used for an explanation of a spectrum of masses.

  11. On harmonic measures and group actions Alberto Candel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candel, Alberto

    On harmonic measures and group actions Alberto Candel CSUN I Congreso Hispano-Franc´es de Matem´aticas Zaragoza, 13 Julio del 2007 #12;Harmonic measures Harmonic measures for foliated spaces were introduced in foliation theory by Lucy Garnett. #12;Harmonic measures Harmonic measures for foliated spaces were

  12. Harmonic relationships influence auditory brainstem encoding of chords

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Nina

    Harmonic relationships influence auditory brainstem encoding of chords Frederic Marmela, and particularly by sensitivity to harmonic relationships. As subcortical and cortical processing dynamically processing of musical sounds would be sensitive to harmonic relationships. We examined auditory brainstem

  13. HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS Anand Arvind Joshi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leahy, Richard M.

    HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS by Anand Arvind Joshi A Thesis Presented ii Abstract iv 1 Harmonic Mappings 1 1.1 Space of Maps Variation Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4 Harmonic Maps

  14. A Formal model to aid documenting and harmonizing of information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yuliang

    A Formal model to aid documenting and harmonizing of information security requirements Jussipekka Information security development, harmonization of information security, organizational modeling 1 INTRODUCTION A formal top down model to harmonize and document information security requirements shall

  15. Current Generated Harmonics and Their Effect Upon Electrical Industrial Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, H. R.; Rogge, D. S.

    1995-01-01

    This paper provides a general overview of harmonics and addresses the causes of current generated harmonics in electrical systems. In addition, problems caused by current generated harmonics and their affects upon different ...

  16. Harmonic cascade FEL designs for LUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    1.3: a fully 3D time-dependent FEL sim- ulation code, Nucl.a XUV/soft X-ray harmonic-cascade FEL for the proposed LBNLLBNL-56329 Harmonic cascade FEL designs for LUX G. Penn, M.

  17. VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3 general investigation of 3D volumetric brain har- monic mapping. The motivations for 3D volumetric brain volumetric harmonic map- ping algorithm. The algorithm can work with manifolds with genus zero and non genus

  18. Observation of the Second Harmonic in Thomson Scattering from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Observation of the Second Harmonic in Thomson Scattering from Relativistic Electrons Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Observation of the Second Harmonic in Thomson...

  19. Extra Harmonic Vowel in Chicahuaxtla Trique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsukawa, Kosuke

    2008-01-01

    stream_size 17328 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name kwpl-30-Matsukawa.pdf.txt stream_source_info kwpl-30-Matsukawa.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Extra Harmonic Vowel... harmonic vowel is added after a laryngealized vowel (either a glottalized vowel or an aspirated vowel) in a final syllable. The extra harmonic vowel does not exist in Copala Trique or Itunyoso Trique and is attached mostly to noun stems in Chicahuaxtla...

  20. Low thermal distortion extreme-UV lithography reticle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gianoulakis, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Thermal distortion of reticles or masks can be significantly reduced by emissivity engineering, i.e., the selective placement or omission of coatings on the reticle. Reflective reticles so fabricated exhibit enhanced heat transfer thereby reducing the level of thermal distortion and ultimately improving the quality of the transcription of the reticle pattern onto the wafer. Reflective reticles include a substrate having an active region that defines the mask pattern and non-active region(s) that are characterized by a surface that has a higher emissivity than that of the active region. The non-active regions are not coated with the radiation reflective material.

  1. Low thermal distortion extreme-UV lithography reticle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gianoulakis, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01

    Thermal distortion of reticles or masks can be significantly reduced by emissivity engineering, i.e., the selective placement or omission of coatings on the reticle. Reflective reticles so fabricated exhibit enhanced heat transfer thereby reducing the level of thermal distortion and ultimately improving the quality of the transcription of the reticle pattern onto the wafer. Reflective reticles include a substrate having an active region that defines the mask pattern and non-active region(s) that are characterized by a surface that has a higher emissivity than that of the active region. The non-active regions are not coated with the radiation reflective material.

  2. Low thermal distortion Extreme-UV lithography reticle and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gianoulakis, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01

    Thermal distortion of reticles or masks can be significantly reduced by emissivity engineering, i.e., the selective placement or omission of coatings on the reticle. Reflective reticles so fabricated exhibit enhanced heat transfer thereby reducing the level of thermal distortion and ultimately improving the quality of the transcription of the reticle pattern onto the wafer. Reflective reticles include a substrate having an active region that defines the mask pattern and non-active region(s) that are characterized by a surface that has a higher emissivity than that of the active region. The non-active regions are not coated with the radiation reflective material.

  3. Conjugate Harmonic Functions and Clifford Craig A. Nolder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conjugate Harmonic Functions and Clifford Algebras Craig A. Nolder Department of Mathematics a Hardy-Littlewood inequality and a Privalov inequality for conju- gate harmonic functions in the plane], Stein and Weiss studied systems of conjugate harmonic functions in Rn . These are vectors of harmonic

  4. Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, W.F.

    1983-08-31

    An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

  5. High harmonic generation in the relativistic *, A. GOPAL2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit B. DROMEY1 , M. ZEPF1 *, A. GOPAL2 , K, measurements with unprecedented temporal resolution1­6 . Harmonics from laser­solid target interactions have of harmonic efficiency to high orders by driving harmonic production to the relativistic limit1 . Here we

  6. Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

    1985-01-01

    An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

  7. Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irizarry, Rafael A.

    Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may

  8. Topics in affine and discrete harmonic analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Jonathan Edward

    2015-07-01

    In this thesis a number of problems in harmonic analysis of a geometric flavour are discussed and, in particular, the Lebesgue space mapping properties of certain averaging and Fourier restriction operators are studied. ...

  9. Harmonic Representation of Combinations and Partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Psimopoulos

    2011-03-01

    In the present article a new method of deriving integral representations of combinations and partitions in terms of harmonic products has been established. This method may be relevant to statistical mechanics and to number theory.

  10. On conformal supergravity and harmonic superspace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Butter

    2015-09-01

    This paper describes a fully covariant approach to harmonic superspace. It is based on the conformal superspace description of conformal supergravity and involves extending the supermanifold M^{4|8} by the tangent bundle of CP^1. The resulting superspace M^{4|8} x TCP^1 can be identified in a certain gauge with the conventional harmonic superspace M^{4|8} x S^2. This approach not only makes the connection to projective superspace transparent, but simplifies calculations in harmonic superspace significantly by eliminating the need to deal directly with supergravity prepotentials. As an application of the covariant approach, we derive from harmonic superspace the full component action for the sigma model of a hyperkahler cone coupled to conformal supergravity. Further applications are also sketched.

  11. Harmonizing Systems and Software Cost Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Gan

    2009-07-19

    The objective of this paper is to examine the gaps and overlaps between software and systems engineering cost models with intent to harmonize the estimates in engineering engineering estimation. In particular, we evaluate ...

  12. Harmonic Lasing Characterization at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen Benson; Michelle D. Shinn

    2006-08-27

    Harmonic lasing is normally suppressed because of lasing at the fundamental wavelength. It can, however, be achieved by using any of several methods that suppress fundamental lasing. In this paper we discuss two methods used at Jefferson Lab. The first is to use the characteristics of dielectric coatings to allow harmonic lasing at cavity lengths longer than the synchronous length for the fundamental. The second is to use a dielectric coating that has little reflectivity at the fundamental. This allows us to directly compare fundamental and harmonic lasing with the same optical resonator and electron beam. We present measurement carried out at Jefferson Lab using the IR Upgrade FEL operating at 0.53, 0.94, 1.04, 1.6, and 2.8 microns in which both schemes are used to produce lasing at both the 3rd and 5th harmonic of the fundamental.

  13. SEVENTH HARMONIC 20 GHz CO-GENERATOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirshfield, Jay L

    2014-04-08

    To satisfy the need for multi-MW rf sources in frequency ranges where commercial sources do not exist, a study was undertaken on a class of devices based on gyro-harmonic frequency multiplication. This mechanism relies upon adding energy in gyrating motion to a linear electron beam that traverses a rotating-mode TE111-mode drive cavity in a dc magnetic field. The beam then drifts along the magnetic field into a second cavity, operating in the TEn11-mode tuned to the nth harmonic of the drive cavity. Studies of this configuration have been carried out for 2 < n < 7. Results are given for multi-MW, efficient operation of a 7th harmonic device operating at 20 GHz, and a 2nd harmonic device operating at 22.4 GHz.

  14. Harmonic experiments to model fracture induced anisotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Juan

    of earthquakes, and hydrocarbon and geothermal reservoirs are mainly composed of fractured rocks. Harmonic and vertical coordinates, respectively. When a dense set of parallel fractures is present, the medium behaves

  15. Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imamura, Yosuke

    2015-01-01

    We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.

  16. Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Imamura

    2015-10-28

    We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.

  17. Nonlinearly driven harmonics of Alfvén modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, B., E-mail: bozhang@austin.utexas.edu; Breizman, B. N.; Zheng, L. J.; Berk, H. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2014-01-15

    In order to study the leading order nonlinear magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) harmonic response of a plasma in realistic geometry, the AEGIS code has been generalized to account for inhomogeneous source terms. These source terms are expressed in terms of the quadratic corrections that depend on the functional form of a linear MHD eigenmode, such as the Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmode. The solution of the resultant equation gives the second order harmonic response. Preliminary results are presented here.

  18. Some examples of exponentially harmonic maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A D Kanfon; A Füzfa; D Lambert

    2002-05-15

    The aim of this paper is to study some examples of exponentially harmonic maps. We study such maps firstly on flat euclidean and Minkowski spaces and secondly on Friedmann-Lema\\^ itre universes. We also consider some new models of exponentially harmonic maps which are coupled with gravity which happen to be based on a generalization of the lagrangian for bosonic strings coupled with dilatonic field.

  19. Harmonic Functions are Real Analytic1 On this very short note we prove that harmonic functions are real analytic functions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabral, Marco

    Harmonic Functions are Real Analytic1 On this very short note we prove that harmonic functions prove Lemma 1 using the mean value property of harmonic functions, Green's theorem and the maximum principle. Lemma 1 (estimate on first derivative) Suppose w is harmonic in Rn , > 0, y and B

  20. Technical Evaluation Report "COS FUV Detector Geometric Distortion Maps"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Technical Evaluation Report "COS FUV Detector Geometric Distortion Maps" Date: November 12, 2003 Document Number: COS-11-0044 Revision: Initial Release Contract No.: NAS5-98043 CDRL No.: Prepared By: Mr. S. Beland, COS Software Engineer Date Reviewed By: Dr. E. Wilkinson, Instrument Scientist Date

  1. System for interferometric distortion measurements that define an optical path

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bokor, Jeffrey; Naulleau, Patrick

    2003-05-06

    An improved phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer can measure both distortion and wavefront aberration. In the preferred embodiment, the interferometer employs an object-plane pinhole array comprising a plurality of object pinholes located between the test optic and the source of electromagnetic radiation and an image-plane mask array that is positioned in the image plane of the test optic. The image-plane mask array comprises a plurality of test windows and corresponding reference pinholes, wherein the positions of the plurality of pinholes in the object-plane pinhole array register with those of the plurality of test windows in image-plane mask array. Electromagnetic radiation that is directed into a first pinhole of object-plane pinhole array thereby creating a first corresponding test beam image on the image-plane mask array. Where distortion is relatively small, it can be directly measured interferometrically by measuring the separation distance between and the orientation of the test beam and reference-beam pinhole and repeating this process for at least one other pinhole of the plurality of pinholes of the object-plane pinhole array. Where the distortion is relative large, it can be measured by using interferometry to direct the stage motion, of a stage supporting the image-plane mask array, and then use the final stage motion as a measure of the distortion.

  2. Technical Note Correction of Eddy-Current Distortions in Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technical Note Correction of Eddy-Current Distortions in Diffusion Tensor Images Using the Known,2 Purpose: To correct eddy-current artifacts in diffusion ten- sor (DT) images without the need to obtain- tortions caused by eddy currents induced by large diffusion gradients. We propose a new postacquisition

  3. MULTIBIT DIGITAL WATERMARKING ROBUST AGAINST LOCAL NONLINEAR GEOMETRICAL DISTORTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geneva 4, Switzerland ABSTRACT This paper presents an efficient method for the estimation and recovering from nonlinear or local geometrical distortions, such as the random bending attack and restricted with almost all current watermarking technologies is that they fail to recover a watermark from random bending

  4. A DISTORTION FREE WATERMARK FRAMEWORK FOR RELATIONAL DATABASES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortesi, Tino

    Interpretation. Abstract: In this paper we introduce a distortion free invisible watermarking technique in pieces to parties specialized in mining it, e.g. sales patterns database, oil drilling data, financial as required in some applications. The first well-known database watermarking scheme for relational databases

  5. Improved Reconstruction of Images Distorted by Water Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribeiro, Eraldo

    Waves 265 Fig. 1. An arbitrary selection of frames from our low energy wave data set via clusteringImproved Reconstruction of Images Distorted by Water Waves Arturo Donate and Eraldo Ribeiro Department of Computer Sciences Florida Institute of Technology Melbourne, FL 32901 adonate@fit.edu, eribeiro

  6. ,"Total Natural Gas Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet)",,,,,"Natural Gas Energy Intensity (cubic feetsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heating","Water Heating","Cook- ing","Other","Total ","Space...

  7. Local structure underlying anomalous tetragonal distortions in BiFeO{sub 3}-PbTiO{sub 3} ferroelectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levin, I.; Krayzman, V.; Woicik, J. C.; Tucker, M. G.

    2014-06-16

    The local structure of tetragonal BiFeO{sub 3}-PbTiO{sub 3} solid solutions featuring anomalous lattice distortions has been determined using simultaneous fitting of neutron total scattering and extended X-ray absorption fine structure data. On the local scale, the large tetragonal distortion, promoted by the displacements of the A-cations (Bi and Pb), is accommodated primarily by the [FeO{sub 6}] octahedra, even though both Fe and Ti acquire (5+1)-fold coordination. Bi cations exhibit considerably larger displacements than Pb. The combination of the A-cation displacements and the ability of M-cations to adopt 5-fold coordination is suggested as key for stabilizing the large tetragonality in BiMO{sub 3}-PbTiO{sub 3} systems.

  8. Prediction of Welding Distortion Panagiotis Michaleris and Andrew DeBiccari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaleris, Panagiotis

    1 Prediction of Welding Distortion Panagiotis Michaleris and Andrew DeBiccari Edison Welding Institute Columbus, Ohio ABSTRACT. This paper presents a numerical analysis technique for predicting welding induced distortion. The technique combines two dimensional welding simulations with three dimensional

  9. On the symplectic structure of harmonic superspace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kachkachi, M.; Saidi, E.H. (Lab. de Physique Theorique, Faculte des Sciences, Av. Ibn Battota, B.P. 1014, Rabat (Morocco))

    1992-11-10

    In this paper, the symplectic properties of harmonic superspace are studied. It is shown that Diff(S[sup 2]) is isomorphic to Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3])/Ab(Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3])), where Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3]) is the group of the diffeomorphisms of S[sup 3] preserving the Cartan charge operator D[sup 0] and Ab(Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3])) is its Abelian subgroup generated by the Cartan vectors L[sub 0] = w[sup 0]D[sup 0]. The authors show also that the eigenvalue equation D[sup 0] [lambda](z) = 0 defines a symplectic structure in harmonic superspace, and the authors calculate the corresponding algebra. The general symplectic invariant coupling of the Maxwell prepotential is constructed in both flat and curved harmonic superspace. Other features are discussed.

  10. High harmonic phase in molecular nitrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarland, Brian K.

    2009-10-17

    Electronic structure in atoms and molecules modulates the amplitude and phase of high harmonic generation (HHG). We report measurements of the high harmonic spectral amplitude and phase in N{sub 2}. The phase is measured interferometrically by beating the N{sub 2} harmonics with those of an Ar reference oscillator in a gas mixture. A rapid phase shift of 0.2{pi} is observed in the vicinity of the HHG spectral minimum, where a shift of {pi} had been presumed [J. Itatani et al., Nature 432, 867 (2004)]. We compare the phase measurements to a simulation of the HHG recombination step in N{sub 2} that is based on a simple interference model. The results of the simulation suggest that modifications beyond the simple interference model are needed to explain HHG spectra in molecules.

  11. Bayesian redshift-space distortions correction from galaxy redshift surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitaura, Francisco-Shu; Angulo, Raul E; Chuang, Chia-Hsun; Rodriguez-Torres, Sergio; Monteagudo, Carlos Hernandez; Prada, Francisco; Yepes, Gustavo

    2015-01-01

    We present a Bayesian reconstruction method which maps a galaxy distribution from redshift-space to real-space inferring the distances of the individual galaxies. The method is based on sampling density fields assuming a lognormal prior with a likelihood given by the negative binomial distribution function modelling stochastic bias. We assume a deterministic bias given by a power law relating the dark matter density field to the expected halo or galaxy field. Coherent redshift-space distortions are corrected in a Gibbs-sampling procedure by moving the galaxies from redshift-space to real-space according to the peculiar motions derived from the recovered density field using linear theory with the option to include tidal field corrections from second order Lagrangian perturbation theory. The virialised distortions are corrected by sampling candidate real-space positions (being in the neighbourhood of the observations along the line of sight), which are compatible with the bulk flow corrected redshift-space posi...

  12. Modelling Thermoelastic Distortion of Optics Using Elastodynamic Reciprocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Eleanor; Veitch, Peter; Levin, Yuri

    2015-01-01

    Thermoelastic distortion resulting from optical absorption by transmissive and reflective optics can cause unacceptable changes in optical systems that employ high power beams. In advanced-generation laser-interferometric gravitational wave detectors for example, optical absorption is expected to result in wavefront distortions that would compromise the sensitivity of the detector; thus necessitating the use of adaptive thermal compensation. Unfortunately, these systems have long thermal time constants and so predictive feed-forward control systems could be required - but the finite-element analysis is computationally expensive. We describe here the use of the Betti-Maxwell elastodynamic reciprocity theorem to calculate the response of linear elastic bodies (optics) to heating that has arbitrary spatial distribution. We demonstrate using a simple example, that it can yield accurate results in computational times that are significantly less than those required for finite-element analyses.

  13. Modelling Thermoelastic Distortion of Optics Using Elastodynamic Reciprocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleanor King; Yuri Levin; David Ottaway; Peter Veitch

    2015-04-17

    Thermoelastic distortion resulting from optical absorption by transmissive and reflective optics can cause unacceptable changes in optical systems that employ high power beams. In advanced-generation laser-interferometric gravitational wave detectors for example, optical absorption is expected to result in wavefront distortions that would compromise the sensitivity of the detector; thus necessitating the use of adaptive thermal compensation. Unfortunately, these systems have long thermal time constants and so predictive feed-forward control systems could be required - but the finite-element analysis is computationally expensive. We describe here the use of the Betti-Maxwell elastodynamic reciprocity theorem to calculate the response of linear elastic bodies (optics) to heating that has arbitrary spatial distribution. We demonstrate using a simple example, that it can yield accurate results in computational times that are significantly less than those required for finite-element analyses.

  14. Probing correlations of early magnetic fields using ?-distortion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganc, Jonathan; Sloth, Martin S. E-mail: sloth@cp3.dias.sdu.dk

    2014-08-01

    The damping of a non-uniform magnetic field between the redshifts of about 10{sup 4} and 10{sup 6} injects energy into the photon-baryon plasma and causes the CMB to deviate from a perfect blackbody spectrum, producing a so-called ?-distortion. We can calculate the correlation (? T) of this distortion with the temperature anisotropy T of the CMB to search for a correlation ( B{sup 2}?) between the magnetic field B and the curvature perturbation ?; knowing the ( B{sup 2}?) correlation would help us distinguish between different models of magnetogenesis. Since the perturbations which produce the ?-distortion will be much smaller scale than the relevant density perturbations, the observation of this correlation is sensitive to the squeezed limit of ( B{sup 2}?), which is naturally parameterized by b{sub NL} (a parameter defined analogously to f{sub NL}). We find that a PIXIE-like CMB experiments has a signal to noise S/N? 1.0 × b{sub NL} ( B-tilde {sub ?}/10nG){sup 2}, where B-tilde {sub ?} is the magnetic field's strength on ?-distortion scales normalized to today's redshift; thus, a 10 nG field would be detectable with b{sub NL}=O(1). However, if the field is of inflationary origin, we generically expect it to be accompanied by a curvature bispectrum (?{sup 3}) induced by the magnetic field. For sufficiently small magnetic fields, the signal ( B{sup 2} ?) will dominate, but for B-tilde {sub ?}?> 1 nG, one would have to consider the specifics of the inflationary magnetogenesis model. We also discuss the potential post-magnetogenesis sources of a ( B{sup 2}?) correlation and explain why there will be no contribution from the evolution of the magnetic field in response to the curvature perturbation.

  15. CMB Distortions from Damping of Acoustic Waves Produced by Cosmic Strings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroyuki Tashiro; Eray Sabancilar; Tanmay Vachaspati

    2013-08-20

    We study diffusion damping of acoustic waves in the photon-baryon fluid due to cosmic strings, and calculate the induced $\\mu$- and $y$-type spectral distortions of the cosmic microwave background. For cosmic strings with tension within current bounds, their contribution to the spectral distortions is subdominant compared to the distortions from primordial density perturbations.

  16. Pulse Distortion Caused by Cylinder Diffraction and Its Impact on UWB Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Pulse Distortion Caused by Cylinder Diffraction and Its Impact on UWB Communications Chenming Zhou of the characteristics of UWB signals is pulse distortion, inherently determined by its huge bandwidth. Using cylinder model as an example, pulse distortion and its impacts on UWB system performance have been investigated

  17. ESCUELA TCNICA SUPERIOR Using Spherical Harmonic Virtual Screening Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Dave

    energy ­ EAL ­ electron affinity ­ L ­ polarizability · Encode as Spherical Harmonic expansions to order

  18. Parametric Estimation of Harmonically Related Sinusoids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixit, Richa

    2010-04-01

    Mud-pulse telemetry is a method used for measurement-while-drilling (MWD)in the oil industry. The telemetry signals are corrupted by spurious mud pump noise consisting of a large number of harmonically related sinusoids. In order to denoise...

  19. Harmonic influence in large-scale networks Daron Acemoglu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Como, Giacomo

    Harmonic influence in large-scale networks Daron Acemoglu , Giacomo Como , Fabio Fagnani , and Asuman Ozdaglar§ 1. INTRODUCTION Harmonic influence has been recently introduced as a measure = 0 and xs1 = 1, respectively, the harmonic influence vector x measures the relative influence of s1

  20. Harmonic maps on domains with piecewise Lipschitz continuous metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changyou

    Harmonic maps on domains with piecewise Lipschitz continuous metrics Haigang Li , Changyou Wang consider harmonic map from (, g) to a compact Rie- mannian manifold (N, h) Rk without boundary. We generalize the notion of stationary harmonic maps and prove their partial regularity. We also discuss

  1. Harmonic Functions for Quadrilateral Remeshing of Arbitrary Manifolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garland, Michael

    Harmonic Functions for Quadrilateral Remeshing of Arbitrary Manifolds S. Dong , S. Kircher, M on the use of smooth harmonic scalar fields defined over the mesh. Given such a field, we compute its for cutting the surface into patches. Key words: quad-dominant remeshing, gradient flow tracing, harmonic

  2. Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnin, Michele

    Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation Michele of the unperturbed system. On the other hand, spectral techniques, like the Harmonic Balance, have been widely's integral over the Harmonic Balance approximation of the unperturbed orbits. The proposed method

  3. harmonic generation at a critical power in inhomogeneous doubly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soljaèiæ, Marin

    (2) and (3) harmonic generation at a critical power in inhomogeneous doubly resonant cavities- and third-harmonic generation via (2) and (3) nonlinearities. We find that conversion efficiency. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, "Non-equilibrium transitions in sub/second harmonic generation I

  4. Harmonic Elimination for Multilevel Converter with Programmed PWM Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    Harmonic Elimination for Multilevel Converter with Programmed PWM Method Zhong Du, Leon M. Tolbert presents a programmed PWM method to eliminate specific higher order harmonics of multilevel converters. First, resultant theory is applied to transcendental equations to eliminate low order harmonics

  5. Harmonic Analysis and Geometries of Digital Data Bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggioni, Mauro

    Harmonic Analysis and Geometries of Digital Data Bases AMS Session Special Sesson, 2010 () Harmonic Analysis of Data Bases January 14, 2010 1 / 41 #12;Local geometry described by a graph, Gavish) Harmonic Analysis of Data Bases January 14, 2010 2 / 41 #12;Local geometry described by a graph

  6. High harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production in dense medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Andreas

    High harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production in dense medium v.v. Stre1kov1'2', V ABSTRACT We have studied the high harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production in a plasma or gas positions of the particles using the Monte-Carlo method. We observe a change of the harmonic properties due

  7. The harmonic measure of balls in random trees Nicolas Curien

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Gall, Jean-François

    The harmonic measure of balls in random trees Nicolas Curien and Jean-François Le Gall Abstract We study properties of the harmonic measure of balls in typical large discrete trees. For a ball of radius of the harmonic measure is supported on a boundary set of size approximately equal to n , where 0

  8. Harmonic Broadcasting Is Bandwidth-Optimal Assuming Constant Bit Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Harmonic Broadcasting Is Bandwidth-Optimal Assuming Constant Bit Rate Lars Engebretsen1, and Madhu Street Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 USA E-mail: madhu@mit.edu November 2005 Abstract. Harmonic for video-on-demand broadcasting. In this paper, we note that harmonic broadcasting is actually a spe- cial

  9. The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle Frank Rioux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Frank

    The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle Frank Rioux Emeritus Professor of Chemistry CSB|SJU Schrödinger's equation in atomic units (h = 2) for the harmonic oscillator has an exact is that tunneling occurs in the simple harmonic oscillator. The classical turning point is that position at which

  10. The Harmonic Series Diverges Again and Again Steven J. Kifowit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    The Harmonic Series Diverges Again and Again Steven J. Kifowit Prairie State College Terra A. Stamps Prairie State College The harmonic series, n=1 1 n = 1 + 1 2 + 1 3 + 1 4 + 1 5 + · · · , is one, the harmonic series provides the instructor with a wealth of opportunities. The leaning tower of lire (Johnson

  11. Comparing Harmonic Similarity Measures W. Bas de Haas1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veltkamp, Remco

    Comparing Harmonic Similarity Measures W. Bas de Haas1 , Matthias Robine2 , Pierre Hanna2 , Remco C in which we compare two harmonic similarity measures. In contrast to earlier work, in this paper we approach to harmonic similarity, and measure the effects of chord descrip- tion detail and a priori key

  12. Tomography of high harmonic generation in a cluster jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . In this Letter, we present a tomographic tech- nique for studying high harmonic generation in cluster jetsTomography of high harmonic generation in a cluster jet Chih-Hao Pai Department of Physics; accepted December 21, 2005; posted January 4, 2006 (Doc. ID 66558) Tomographic measurement of high harmonic

  13. Technical Section Feature-aligned harmonic volumetric mapping using MFS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xin "Shane"

    Technical Section Feature-aligned harmonic volumetric mapping using MFS Xin Li a,b,Ã, Huanhuan Xu a Correspondence and registration Harmonic volumetric mapping a b s t r a c t We present an efficient adaptive method to compute the harmonic volumetric mapping, which establishes a smooth correspondence between two

  14. Crystalline Boson Phases in Harmonic Traps: Beyond the Gross-Pitaevskii Mean Field Igor Romanovsky, Constantine Yannouleas, and Uzi Landman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yannouleas, Constantine

    Crystalline Boson Phases in Harmonic Traps: Beyond the Gross-Pitaevskii Mean Field Igor Romanovsky-Pitaevskii (GP) solution. The bosons localize and form polygonal-ringlike crystalline patterns, both-probability-distribution analysis. For neutral bosons, the total energy of the crystalline phase saturates in contrast to the GP

  15. Generalized harmonic formulation in spherical symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny Sorkin; Matthew W. Choptuik

    2010-04-30

    In this pedagogically structured article, we describe a generalized harmonic formulation of the Einstein equations in spherical symmetry which is regular at the origin. The generalized harmonic approach has attracted significant attention in numerical relativity over the past few years, especially as applied to the problem of binary inspiral and merger. A key issue when using the technique is the choice of the gauge source functions, and recent work has provided several prescriptions for gauge drivers designed to evolve these functions in a controlled way. We numerically investigate the parameter spaces of some of these drivers in the context of fully non-linear collapse of a real, massless scalar field, and determine nearly optimal parameter settings for specific situations. Surprisingly, we find that many of the drivers that perform well in 3+1 calculations that use Cartesian coordinates, are considerably less effective in spherical symmetry, where some of them are, in fact, unstable.

  16. Harmonic oscillator model for the helium atom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlsen, Martin

    2015-01-01

    A harmonic oscillator model in four dimensions is presented for the helium atom to estimate the distance to the inner and outer electron from the nucleus, the angle between electrons and the energy levels. The method is algebraic and is not based on the choice of correct trial wave function. Three harmonic oscillators and thus three quantum numbers are sufficient to describe the two-electron system. We derive a simple formula for the energy in the general case and in the special case of the Wannier Ridge. For a set of quantum numbers the distance to the electrons and the angle between the electrons are uniquely determined as the intersection between three surfaces. We show that the excited states converge either towards ionization thresholds or towards extreme parallel or antiparallel states and provide an estimate of the ground state energy.

  17. Prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of gravitational field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukushima, Toshio, E-mail: Toshio.Fukushima@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory, Ohsawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

    2014-06-01

    As a modification of the oblate spheroidal case, a recursive method is developed to compute the point value and a few low-order derivatives of the prolate spheroidal harmonics of the second kind, Q{sub nm} (y), namely the unnormalized associated Legendre function (ALF) of the second kind with its argument in the domain, 1 < y < ?. They are required in evaluating the prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of the gravitational field in addition to the point value and the low-order derivatives of P-bar {sub nm}(t), the 4? fully normalized ALF of the first kind with its argument in the domain, |t| ? 1. The new method will be useful in the gravitational field computation of elongated celestial objects.

  18. Measuring redshift-space distortions with future SKA surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raccanelli, Alvise; Camera, Stefano; Bacon, David; Blake, Chris; Dore, Olivier; Ferreira, Pedro; Maartens, Roy; Santos, Mario; Viel, Matteo; Zhao, Gong-bo

    2015-01-01

    The peculiar motion of galaxies can be a particularly sensitive probe of gravitational collapse. As such, it can be used to measure the dynamics of dark matter and dark energy as well the nature of the gravitational laws at play on cosmological scales. Peculiar motions manifest themselves as an overall anisotropy in the measured clustering signal as a function of the angle to the line-of-sight, known as redshift-space distortion (RSD). Limiting factors in this measurement include our ability to model non-linear galaxy motions on small scales and the complexities of galaxy bias. The anisotropy in the measured clustering pattern in redshift-space is also driven by the unknown distance factors at the redshift in question, the Alcock-Paczynski distortion. This weakens growth rate measurements, but permits an extra geometric probe of the Hubble expansion rate. In this chapter we will briefly describe the scientific background to the RSD technique, and forecast the potential of the SKA phase 1 and the SKA2 to measu...

  19. Measuring redshift-space distortions with future SKA surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvise Raccanelli; Philip Bull; Stefano Camera; David Bacon; Chris Blake; Olivier Dore; Pedro Ferreira; Roy Maartens; Mario Santos; Matteo Viel; Gong-bo Zhao

    2015-01-15

    The peculiar motion of galaxies can be a particularly sensitive probe of gravitational collapse. As such, it can be used to measure the dynamics of dark matter and dark energy as well the nature of the gravitational laws at play on cosmological scales. Peculiar motions manifest themselves as an overall anisotropy in the measured clustering signal as a function of the angle to the line-of-sight, known as redshift-space distortion (RSD). Limiting factors in this measurement include our ability to model non-linear galaxy motions on small scales and the complexities of galaxy bias. The anisotropy in the measured clustering pattern in redshift-space is also driven by the unknown distance factors at the redshift in question, the Alcock-Paczynski distortion. This weakens growth rate measurements, but permits an extra geometric probe of the Hubble expansion rate. In this chapter we will briefly describe the scientific background to the RSD technique, and forecast the potential of the SKA phase 1 and the SKA2 to measure the growth rate using both galaxy catalogues and intensity mapping, assessing their competitiveness with current and future optical galaxy surveys.

  20. Testing cosmological structure formation using redshift-space distortions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Will J Percival; Martin White

    2008-11-11

    Observations of redshift-space distortions in spectroscopic galaxy surveys offer an attractive method for observing the build-up of cosmological structure. In this paper we develop and test a new statistic based on anisotropies in the measured galaxy power spectrum, which is independent of galaxy bias and matches the matter power spectrum shape on large scales. The amplitude provides a constraint on the derivative of the linear growth rate through f.sigma_8. This demonstrates that spectroscopic galaxy surveys offer many of the same advantages as weak lensing surveys, in that they both use galaxies as test particles to probe all matter in the Universe. They are complementary as redshift-space distortions probe non-relativistic velocities and therefore the temporal metric perturbations, while weak lensing tests the sum of the temporal and spatial metric perturbations. The degree to which our estimator can be pushed into the non-linear regime is considered and we show that a simple Gaussian damping model, similar to that previously used to model the behaviour of the power spectrum on very small scales, can also model the quasi-linear behaviour of our estimator. This enhances the information that can be extracted from surveys for LCDM models.

  1. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Revised: December, 2008 Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other All Buildings...

  2. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other All Buildings*...

  3. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per...

  4. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  5. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per Square Foot"...

  6. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per...

  7. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  8. ${\\cal D}$-deformed harmonic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Bagarello; F. Gargano; D. Volpe

    2014-12-30

    We analyze systematically several deformations arising from two-dimensional harmonic oscillators which can be described in terms of $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. They all give rise to exactly solvable models, described by non self-adjoint hamiltonians whose eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be found adopting the quite general framework of the so-called $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. In particular, we show that several models previously introduced in the literature perfectly fit into this scheme.

  9. Harmon, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynnMassachusetts: EnergySoftware IncHarmon, Illinois: Energy Resources

  10. Dark-matter harmonics beyond annual modulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Samuel K.; Lisanti, Mariangela; Safdi, Benjamin R. E-mail: mlisanti@princeton.edu

    2013-11-01

    The count rate at dark-matter direct-detection experiments should modulate annually due to the motion of the Earth around the Sun. We show that higher-frequency modulations, including daily modulation, are also present and in some cases are nearly as strong as the annual modulation. These higher-order modes are particularly relevant if (i) the dark matter is light, O(10) GeV, (ii) the scattering is inelastic, or (iii) velocity substructure is present; for these cases, the higher-frequency modes are potentially observable at current and ton-scale detectors. We derive simple expressions for the harmonic modes as functions of the astrophysical and geophysical parameters describing the Earth's orbit, using an updated expression for the Earth's velocity that corrects a common error in the literature. For an isotropic halo velocity distribution, certain ratios of the modes are approximately constant as a function of nuclear recoil energy. Anisotropic distributions can also leave observable features in the harmonic spectrum. Consequently, the higher-order harmonic modes are a powerful tool for identifying a potential signal from interactions with the Galactic dark-matter halo.

  11. HVDC-AC system interaction from AC harmonics. Volume 1. Harmonic impedance calculations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breuer, G D; Chow, J H; Lindh, C B; Miller, N W; Numrich, F H; Price, W W; Turner, A E; Whitney, R R

    1982-09-01

    Improved methods are needed to characterize ac system harmonic behavior for ac filter design for HVDC systems. The purpose of this General Electric Company RP1138 research is to evaluate the present filter design practice and to investigate methods for calculating system harmonic impedances. An overview of ac filter design for HVDC systems and a survey of literature related to filter design have been performed. Two methods for calculating system harmonic impedances have been investigated. In the measurement method, an instrumentation system for measuring system voltage and current has been assembled. Different schemes of using the measurements to calculate system harmonic impedances have been studied. In the analytical method, a procedure to include various operating conditions has been proposed. Computer programs for both methods have been prepared, and the results of the measurement and analytical methods analyzed. A conclusion of the project is that the measurement and analytical methods both provided reasonable results. There are correlations between the measured and analytical results for most harmonics, although there are discrepancies between the assumptions used in the two methods. A sensitivity approach has been proposed to further correlate the results. From the results of the analysis, it is recommended that both methods should be tested further. For the measurement method, more testing should be done to cover different system operating conditions. In the analytical method, more detailed models for representing system components should be studied. In addition, alternative statistical and sensitivity approaches should be attempted.

  12. Distorted black holes from a vacuum 5-d spherical solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capistrano, Abraão J S; Ulhoa, Sergio C; Amorim, Ronni G G

    2015-01-01

    We study the deformation caused by the influence of extrinsic curvature on a vacuum spherically symmetric metric embedded in a 5-d bulk. In this sense, we investigate the produced stationary black-holes and derive general properties such as its mass and horizons. As an application, a test moving particle near such black-holes is also shown as well the distortion caused by extrinsic curvature on its movement. Accordingly, using asymptotically conformal flat condition on the extrinsic curvature and an analytical expansion of a set of \\emph{n}-scalar fields, we show that the resulting black holes must be large and constrained in the range $-1/2 \\leq n \\leq 1.8$ that are locally thermodynamically stable, but not globally preferred.

  13. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  14. Total Synthesis of (?)-Himandrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movassaghi, Mohammad

    We describe the first total synthesis of (?)-himandrine, a member of the class II galbulimima alkaloids. Noteworthy features of this chemistry include a diastereoselective Diels?Alder reaction in the rapid synthesis of the ...

  15. Algal Supply System Design - Harmonized Version

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abodeely, Jared; Stevens, Daniel; Ray, Allison; Newby, Deborah; Schaller, Kastli

    2013-03-01

    The objective of this design report is to provide an assessment of current technologies used for production, dewatering, and converting microalgae cultivated in open-pond systems to biofuel. The original draft design was created in 2011 and has subsequently been brought into agreement with the DOE harmonized model. The design report extends beyond this harmonized model to discuss some of the challenges with assessing algal production systems, including the ability to (1) quickly assess alternative algal production system designs, (2) assess spatial and temporal variability, and (3) perform large-scale assessments considering multiple scenarios for thousands of potential sites. The Algae Logistics Model (ALM) was developed to address each of these limitations of current modeling efforts to enable assessment of the economic feasibility of algal production systems across the United States. The (ALM) enables (1) dynamic assessments using spatiotemporal conditions, (2) exploration of algal production system design configurations, (3) investigation of algal production system operating assumptions, and (4) trade-off assessments with technology decisions and operating assumptions. The report discusses results from the ALM, which is used to assess the baseline design determined by harmonization efforts between U.S. DOE national laboratories. Productivity and resource assessment data is provided by coupling the ALM with the Biomass Assessment Tool developed at PNNL. This high-fidelity data is dynamically passed to the ALM and used to help better understand the impacts of spatial and temporal constraints on algal production systems by providing a cost for producing extracted algal lipids annually for each potential site.

  16. Numerical Verification of Bounce Harmonic Resonances in Neoclassical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Numerical Verification of Bounce Harmonic Resonances in Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity for Tokamaks Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Numerical Verification of Bounce...

  17. Harmonic analysis of music using combinatory categorial grammar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granroth-Wilding, Mark Thomas; Wilding, Mark Thomas Granroth

    2013-11-28

    Various patterns of the organization of Western tonal music exhibit hierarchical structure, among them the harmonic progressions underlying melodies and the metre underlying rhythmic patterns. Recognizing these structures ...

  18. A Massively Parallel Solver for the Mechanical Harmonic Analysis...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: A Massively Parallel Solver for the Mechanical Harmonic Analysis of Accelerator Cavities Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Massively Parallel Solver...

  19. Two dipolar atoms in a harmonic trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O?dziejewski, Rafa?; Rz??ewski, Kazimierz

    2015-01-01

    Two identical dipolar atoms moving in a harmonic trap without an external magnetic field are investigated. Using the algebra of angular momentum a semi - analytical solutions are found. We show that the internal spin - spin interactions between the atoms couple to the orbital angular momentum causing an analogue of Einstein - de Haas effect. We show a possibility of adiabatically pumping our system from the s-wave to the d-wave relative motion. The effective spin-orbit coupling occurs at anti-crossings of the energy levels.

  20. Harmonic-Oscillator-Based Effective Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. C. Haxton

    2006-08-06

    I describe harmonic-oscillator-based effective theory (HOBET) and explore the extent to which the effects of excluded higher-energy oscillator shells can be represented by a contact-gradient expansion in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). I find the expansion can be very successful provided the energy dependence of the effective interaction, connected with missing long-wavelength physics associated with low-energy breakup channels, is taken into account. I discuss a modification that removes operator mixing from HOBET, simplifying the task of determining the parameters of an NNLO interaction.

  1. Efficient dynamic synchronous machine simulation with harmonics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haskew, T.A.; Stern, H.P.; Chen, Z. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1996-06-01

    Within this paper, an efficient procedure for the dynamic simulation of faulted synchronous machines operating in the presence of harmonics is presented. The algorithm employs steady-state frequency domain techniques for simulation of the transmission system sequence networks and time domain methods for the synchronous machines represented in the odq frame of reference. The procedure affords greater accuracy than conventional fault analysis techniques based strictly on steady-state methods, yet requires far less computational time than full system dynamic simulations such as those using the EMTP.

  2. repulsion and quantization in almost-harmonic maps, and asymptotics of the harmonic map flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topping, Peter

    .2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2 Almost-harmonic maps - the proof of Theorem 1.2 13 2.1 Basic technology Topping #3; Abstract We present an analysis of bounded-energy low-tension maps between 2-spheres, we show that we can establish a `quantization estimate' which constrains the energy of the map to lie

  3. Computation of Aero-Optical Distortions over a Cylindrical Turret with Passive Flow Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordeyev, Stanislav

    Computation of Aero-Optical Distortions over a Cylindrical Turret with Passive Flow Control Kan to the uncontrolled flow with a single strong shear layer. I. Introduction Aero-optical distortions caused by density aero-optics because of its ability to capture a broad range of tur- bulence scales relevant to optical

  4. Calibration of a Saccadic Camera System to Adapt to Lens Distortions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornsey, Richard

    " is an electronic image sensor used in multiple modes of resolution. We use a subwindow set at high resolution an empirical distortion model of the image formation process. This allows the saccadic camera to dynamically, to compensate for low acuity, distorted, or occluded visual data. Jakobson reported on studies of a subject

  5. SLOS242D -SEPTEMBER 2002 -REVISED JANUARY 2004 2 GHz, LOW DISTORTION, CURRENT FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    PAD packages. RELATED DEVICES AND DESCRIPTIONS THS3001 ±15-V 420-MHz Low Distortion CFB Amplifier THS3061/2 ±15-V 300-MHz Low Distortion CFB Amplifier THS3122 ±15-V Dual CFB Amplifier With 350 mA Drive THS4271

  6. LOW DISTORTION ACOUSTIC NOISE SUPPRESSION USING A PERCEPTUAL MODEL FOR SPEECH SIGNALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabal, Peter

    LOW DISTORTION ACOUSTIC NOISE SUPPRESSION USING A PERCEPTUAL MODEL FOR SPEECH SIGNALS Joachim, such as musical noise, and distortion of the speech signal. By employing an auditory model, psychoacoustic effects. By using techniques from audio enhancement and a sophisticated perceptual model, a large degree of noise

  7. PREDICTION OF HEAT TREATMENT DISTORTION OF CAST STEEL C-RINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    PREDICTION OF HEAT TREATMENT DISTORTION OF CAST STEEL C-RINGS Brandon Elliott Brooks1 and Christoph the commercial heat treatment distortion simulation software DANTE. The parts were machined and then measured-measured and compared to pre-heat treatment values. The CF8M experiments show that the gap in the C-Ring closes due

  8. Correction of Geometric Perceptual Distortions in Pictures. Denis Zorin, Alan H. Barr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correction of Geometric Perceptual Distortions in Pictures. Denis Zorin, Alan H. Barr California on a mathematical formalization of desirable properties of pictures. From a small set of simple assumptions we these two types of distortions can depend on the content of the picture. We construct parametric families

  9. Coding into a source: an inverse rate-distortion Anant Sahai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Sahai (UC Berkeley) Inverse Rate Distortion Sep 27, 2006 1 / 27 #12;Suppose the aliens landed. . . Your Distortion Sep 27, 2006 2 / 27 #12;Suppose the aliens landed. . . Your mission: reverse 27, 2006 2 / 27 #12;Suppose the aliens landed. . . Your mission: reverse

  10. On the RateDistortion Function of Random Vectors and Stationary Sources with Mixed Distributions \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehlau, David

    : source coding, rate distortion theory, quantization. \\Lambda A. Gy¨orgy is with the Faculty of Electrical, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6 (email: linder@mast.queensu.ca). K. Zeger is with the Department of ElectricalOn the Rate­Distortion Function of Random Vectors and Stationary Sources with Mixed Distributions

  11. Image distortion in thermoacoustic tomography caused by microwave diffraction Changhui Li,* Manojit Pramanik,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lihong

    Image distortion in thermoacoustic tomography caused by microwave diffraction Changhui Li,* Manojit-induced thermoacoustic tomography. The distortion, due to microwave diffraction in the object to be imaged, leads Thermoacoustic TA tomography TAT in biological tis- sue reconstructs the TA source distribution from the acoustic

  12. Inter-frame dependent rate and distortion models for statistical multiplexing of video programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Inter-frame dependent rate and distortion models for statistical multiplexing of video programs@lss.supelec.fr Abstract--Statistical multiplexing (SM) is a useful technique for transmitting multiple video streams over of efficient SM algorithms is based on Rate and Distortion (R-D) information extracted from successive encoded

  13. TOTAL ANNUAL Rent / Mortgage $

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    etc.) $ Child Care Expenses $ Educational Loans taken out in parent's name $ Other (itemize below): $ $ RESOURCES TOTAL ANNUAL AMOUNT Parent 1 Wages $ Parent 2 Wages $ Interest and/or Dividend Income $ Net Income $ Contributions to tax deferred plans(401K) $ Non Educational Veterans' Benefits $ Unemployment Compensation

  14. Total Sustainability Humber College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    1 Total Sustainability Management Humber College November, 2012 SUSTAINABILITY SYMPOSIUM Green An Impending Global Disaster #12;3 Sustainability is NOT Climate Remediation #12;Our Premises "We cannot, you cannot improve it" (Lord Kelvin) "First rule of sustainability is to align with natural forces

  15. DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammann, Bernd

    DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction

  16. Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian systems on loop algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian Introduction Background The study of harmonic maps of compact Riemann surfaces into symmetric spaces ca surfaces are (conformal) harmonic maps while constant mean* * curvature surfaces, constant Gauss curvature

  17. Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh: Mapping the Pathways and Motivations for Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCollum, Adam G

    2015-01-01

    307 Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh: Mapping the Pathwayson Phonology. Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh Harrison, K.pp. 603-650. Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh Walker, Rachel

  18. Design study of the bending sections between harmonic cascade FEL stages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Weishi; Corlett, John; Fawley, William; Zholents, A.

    2004-01-01

    A XUV/Soft X-Ray Harmonic- Cascade FEL for the Proposed LBNLin a Cascaded Harmonic FEL CBP Tech Note-281, Februarybetween Harmonic Cascade FEL Stages W. Wan, J. Corlett, W.

  19. Partition Function of the Harmonic Oscillator on a Noncommutative Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Jabbari; A. Jahan; Z. Riazi

    2015-07-07

    We derive the partition function of the one-body and two-body systems of classical noncommutative harmonic oscillator in two dimensions. Then, we employ the path integral approach to the quantum noncommutative harmonic oscillator and derive the partition function of the both systems at finite temperature.

  20. Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Self­consistent Stochastic Reservoirs Federico Bonetto. The corresponding heat cur­ rent satisfies Fourier's law with a finite positive thermal conductivity which can also words: Fourier's law; harmonic crystal; non­equilibrium systems; ther­ modynamic limit; Green

  1. Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear left-handed metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear left-handed metamaterials Ilya V. Shadrivov, Alexander A August 21, 2005 We study the second-harmonic generation (SHG) in left-handed metamaterials that this novel parametric process can convert a surface of the left-handed metamaterial into an effective mirror

  2. Enhancing tidal harmonic analysis: Robust (hybrid L1 ) solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    Enhancing tidal harmonic analysis: Robust (hybrid L1 =L2 ) solutions Keith E. Leffler Ã, David A 24 February 2008 Accepted 28 April 2008 Keywords: Tides Tidal analysis Harmonic analysis Robust is calculated from the power spectrum of the residual, a calculation that filters broad spectrum noise

  3. Second harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melrose, Don

    constraints.8 The theory of nonlinear three-wave processes to explain fundamental and second harmonic emissionSecond harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence A. J. Willes, P. A. Robinson 1995 The coalescence of Langmuir waves to produce electromagnetic waves at twice the plasma frequency

  4. Harmonic Volumetric Mapping for Solid Modeling Applications Xiaohu Guo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xin "Shane"

    Harmonic Volumetric Mapping for Solid Modeling Applications Xin Li SBU Xiaohu Guo UT Dallas Hongyu volumetric mapping from a solid polycube model(a) to the solid Buddha model(b). (c) is the color with corresponding cross-sections in (f) and (h), respectively. Abstract Harmonic volumetric mapping for two solid

  5. Spectral distortions in the cosmic microwave background polarization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renaux-Petel, Sébastien [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Hautes Energies, Université Pierre and Marie Curie - Paris VI, CNRS-UMR 7589, 4 place Jussieu, Paris, 75252 (France); Fidler, Christian [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Pitrou, Cyril [Sorbonne Universités, Institut Lagrange de Paris, 98 bis Bd Arago, Paris, 75014 (France); Pettinari, Guido W., E-mail: srenaux@lpthe.jussieu.fr, E-mail: christian.fidler@port.ac.uk, E-mail: pitrou@iap.fr, E-mail: g.pettinari@sussex.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-01

    We compute the spectral distortions of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization induced by non-linear effects in the Compton interactions between CMB photons and the flow of intergalactic electrons. This signal is of the y-type and is dominated by contributions arising from the reionized era. We stress that it is not shadowed by the thermal SZ effect which has no equivalent for polarization. We decompose its angular dependence into E- and B-modes, and we calculate the corresponding power spectra, both exactly and using a suitable Limber approximation that allows a simpler numerical evaluation. We find that B-modes are of the same order of magnitude as E-modes. Both spectra are relatively flat, peaking around ? = 280, and their overall amplitude is directly related to the optical depth to reionization. Moreover, we find this effect to be one order of magnitude larger than the non-linear kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect in galaxy clusters. Finally, we discuss how to improve the detectability of our signal by cross-correlating it with other quantities sourced by the flow of intergalactic electrons.

  6. Relativistic harmonic oscillator model for quark stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishnu M. Bannur

    2008-10-06

    The relativistic harmonic oscillator (RHO) model of hadrons is used to study quark stars. The mass-radius relationship is obtained and compared with bag model of quark star, using Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation. In this model, the outward degenerate pressure due to discrete Landau levels and Landau degeneracy balances the inward gravitational pressure. Where as in bag model the degenerate pressure is due to the standard continuum levels which balances the combined inward pressure due to gravitation and bag pressure. So in RHO model, the confinement effect is included in the degenerate pressure. We found a qualitative similarity, but quantitative differences in mass-radius relationship of quark stars in these two models. Masses and radii are relatively larger and the central energy densities, required for stable quark stars, are lower in RHO model than that of bag model.

  7. Transient particle energies in shortcuts to adiabatic expansions of harmonic traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang-Yang Cui; Xi Chen; J. G. Muga

    2015-05-12

    The expansion of a harmonic potential that holds a quantum particle may be realized without any final particle excitation but much faster than adiabatically via "shortcuts to adiabaticity" (STA). While ideally the process time can be reduced to zero, practical limitations and constraints impose minimal finite times for the externally controlled time-dependent frequency protocols. We examine the role of different time-averaged energies (total, kinetic, potential, non-adiabatic) and of the instantaneous power in characterizing or selecting different protocols.Specifically, we prove a virial theorem for STA processes, set minimal energies for specific times or viceversa, and discuss their realizability by means of Dirac impulses or otherwise.

  8. Magnetic field measurements of a superconducting undulator for a Harmonic Generation FEL experiment at the NSLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solomon, L.; Ingold, G.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Krinsky, S.; Yu, L.H.; Sampson, W.; Robins, K.

    1993-07-01

    An 18mm period, 0.54 Tesla, 8mm gap superconducting undulator with both horizontal and vertical focusing has been built and tested. This magnet, which is fabricated in 25 cm length sections, is being tested for use in the radiator section (total magnet length of 1.5 m) of the Harmonic Generation Free Electron Laser experiment at the National Synchrotron Light Source - Accelerator Test Facility at Brookhaven National Lab., in collaboration with Grumman Corp. The measurement system is outlined, sources and estimates of errors are described, and some magnetic field data are presented and discussed.

  9. How to measure redshift-space distortions without sample variance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick McDonald; Uros Seljak

    2008-10-02

    We show how to use multiple tracers of large-scale density with different biases to measure the redshift-space distortion parameter beta=f/b=(dlnD/dlna)/b (where D is the growth rate and a the expansion factor), to a much better precision than one could achieve with a single tracer, to an arbitrary precision in the low noise limit. In combination with the power spectrum of the tracers this allows a much more precise measurement of the bias-free velocity divergence power spectrum, f^2 P_m - in fact, in the low noise limit f^2 P_m can be measured as well as would be possible if velocity divergence was observed directly, with rms improvement factor ~[5.2(beta^2+2 beta+2)/beta^2]^0.5 (e.g., ~10 times better than a single tracer for beta=0.4). This would allow a high precision determination of f D as a function of redshift with an error as low as 0.1%. We find up to two orders of magnitude improvement in Figure of Merit for the Dark Energy equation of state relative to Stage II, a factor of several better than other proposed Stage IV Dark Energy surveys. The ratio b_2/b_1 will be determined with an even greater precision than beta, producing, when measured as a function of scale, an exquisitely sensitive probe of the onset of non-linear bias. We also extend in more detail previous work on the use of the same technique to measure non-Gaussianity. Currently planned redshift surveys are typically designed with signal to noise of unity on scales of interest, and are not optimized for this technique. Our results suggest that this strategy may need to be revisited as there are large gains to be achieved from surveys with higher number densities of galaxies.

  10. Harmonization - Two Years' of Transportation Regulation Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colborn, K.

    2007-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Transportation issued modifications to the Hazardous Materials Regulations in October, 2004 as part of an ongoing effort to 'harmonize' U.S. regulations with those of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The harmonization effort had several predictable effects on low level radioactive materials shipment that were anticipated even prior to their implementation. However, after two years' experience with the new regulations, transporters have identified several effects on transportation which were not entirely apparent when the regulations were first implemented. This paper presents several case studies in the transportation of low level radioactive materials since the harmonization rules took effect. In each case, an analysis of the challenge posed by the regulatory revision is provided. In some cases, more than one strategy for compliance was considered, and the advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed. In several cases, regulatory interpretations were sought and obtained, and these are presented to clarify the legitimacy of the compliance approach. The presentation of interpretations will be accompanied by reports of clarifying discussions with the U.S. DOT about the interpretation and scope of the regulatory change. Specific transportation issues raised by the revised hazardous materials regulations are reviewed, including: The new definition of radioactive material in accordance with isotope-specific concentration and total activity limits. The new hazardous materials regulations (HMR) created a new definition for radioactive material. A case study is presented for soils contaminated with low levels of Th-230. These soils had been being shipped for years as exempt material under the old 2,000 pCi/g concentration limit. Under the new HMR, these same soils were radioactive material. Further, in rail-car quantities their activity exceeded an A2 value, so shipment of the material in gondolas appeared to require an IP-2 package. Interpretations, discussions, and an exemption were obtained to secure the continued shipment of this material. A provision to allow 'natural' radioactive materials to be exempt from the requirements of the HMR at up to 10x the listed isotopic concentrations. The revised HMR exempts certain natural materials and ores from regulation as radioactive material at concentrations up to 10x that allowed if the materials are not natural. The term 'natural' is not well defined, and initial attempts to qualify for this exemption were thwarted by concerns over what degree of material processing, if any, materials could experience and still be considered 'natural'. The presentation includes an example from a project involving post-processed tungsten ore, and includes interpretations from the US DOT as well as clarifying language from current and drafted IAEA regulation and guidance. New packaging descriptions allowing the use of cargo containers as IP-2 and IP-3 packages in some applications. The revised HMR provides an alternate certification procedure under which standard cargo containers can be used as IP-2 and IP-3 containers. There has been some confusion about how this high level of certification can apply to standard cargo containers when other sections of the regulations make this certification available only to considerably more stout containers after rigorous testing. The discussion includes interpretive guidance from the US DOT, and from the UK Department of Transport clarifying the same provision in IAEA regulations. A new definition of contamination with apparently broad impact on the shipment of empty containers and conveyances. The revised HMR presented a definition of contamination not referenced by any other part of the HMR. The preamble to the revised HMR provides confusing guidance on the application of the definition to shipment of empty containers, and subsequent interpretive guidance letters appear to conflict with the preamble as well as with each other. The definition also has the effect of regulating materials for transport as radioactive even when US

  11. Total Crude by Pipeline

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672(MillionFeet)Product: Total

  12. Noble Gas Clusters and Nanoplasmas in High Harmonic Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aladi, M; Rácz, P; Földes, I B

    2015-01-01

    We report a study of high harmonic generation from noble gas clusters of xenon atoms in a gas jet. Harmonic spectra were investigated as a function of backing pressure, showing spectral shifts due to the nanoplasma electrons in the clusters. At certain value of laser intensity this process may oppose the effect of the well-known ionization-induced blueshift. In addition, these cluster-induced harmonic redshifts may give the possibility to estimate cluster density and cluster size in the laser-gas jet interaction range.

  13. Generalized Harmonic Equations in 3+1 Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. David Brown

    2011-11-29

    The generalized harmonic equations of general relativity are written in 3+1 form. The result is a system of partial differential equations with first order time and second order space derivatives for the spatial metric, extrinsic curvature, lapse function and shift vector, plus fields that represent the time derivatives of the lapse and shift. This allows for a direct comparison between the generalized harmonic and the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formulations. The 3+1 generalized harmonic equations are also written in terms of conformal variables and compared to the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura equations with moving puncture gauge conditions.

  14. High order harmonic generation in dual gas multi-jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tosa, Valer E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro; Hojbota, Calin E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro

    2013-11-13

    High order harmonic generation (HHG) in gas media suffers from a low conversion efficiency that has its origins in the interaction of the atom/molecule with the laser field. Phase matching is the main way to enhance the harmonic flux and several solutions have been designed to achieve it. Here we present numerical results modeling HHG in a system of multi-jets in which two gases alternate: the first gas jet (for example Ne) generates harmonics and the second one which ionizes easier, recover the phase matching condition. We obtain configurations which are experimentally feasible with respect to pressures and dimensions of the jets.

  15. 6 Equalization of Channels with ISI Many practical channels are bandlimited and linearly distort the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    244 6 Equalization of Channels with ISI Many practical channels are bandlimited and linearly distort the transmit signal. In this case, the resulting ISI channel has to be equalized for reliable

  16. Progress in studies of Electron-Cloud-Induced Optics Distortions at CESRTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crittenden, J.A.

    2010-01-01

    OF ELECTRON-CLOUD-INDUCED OPTICS DISTORTIONS AT CESRTA J.A.beam emittance, lattice optics,and the secondary-electronlinear colliders. linear optics arising from electron cloud

  17. Reynolds and Favre-averaged rapid distortion theory for compressible, ideal-gas turbulence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavin, Tucker Alan

    2007-09-17

    Compressible ideal-gas turbulence subjected to homogeneous shear is investigated at the rapid distortion limit. Specific issues addressed are (i) the interaction between kinetic and internal energies and role of ...

  18. Using Graph Theory and a Plenoptic Sensor to Recognize Phase Distortions of a Laser Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Chensheng; Davis, Christopher C

    2015-01-01

    Atmospheric turbulence causes fluctuations in the local refractive index of air that accumulatively disturb a wave's phase and amplitude distribution as it propagates. This impairs the effective range of laser weapons as well as the performance of free space optical (FSO) communication systems. Adaptive optics (AO) can be applied to effectively correct wavefront distortions in weak turbulence situations. However, in strong or deep turbulence, where scintillation and beam breakup are common phenomena, traditional wavefront sensing techniques such as the use of Shack-Hartmann sensors lead to incorrect results. Consequently, the performance of AO systems will be greatly compromised. We propose a new approach that can determine the major phase distortions in a beam instantaneously and guide an AO device to compensate for the phase distortion in a few iterations. In our approach, we use a plenoptic wavefront sensor to image the distorted beam into its 4D phase space. A fast reconstruction algorithm based on graph ...

  19. Development of criteria for fatigue repairs in bridge girders damaged by out-of-plane distortion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Scott David

    1994-01-01

    Numerous highway bridge girders across the United States have experienced fatigue cracking due to repetitive out-of-plane distortion at unstiffened web gaps caused by poorly designed diaphragm connection details. Due to ...

  20. REPAIR OF BRIDGE STEEL GIRDERS DAMAGED BY DISTORTION-INDUCED FATIGUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemdar, Fatih

    2011-12-31

    This study investigates the repair of steel bridge girders damaged by distortion-induced fatigue. The study is presented in three parts. The first part describes finite element modeling techniques used to evaluate the ...

  1. An Analytical Evaluation of Distortion-Induced Fatigue in Steel Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassel, Heidi L.

    2011-02-04

    Multi-girder steel bridges designed prior to the mid-1980's, have developed cracks due to distortion-induced fatigue. An analytical evaluation was conducted to better understand the effects of bridge configurations and ...

  2. Repair of Steel Bridge Girders Damaged by Distortion-Induced Fatigue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagati, Amr Daniel

    2012-08-31

    Several studies have identified distortion-induced fatigue as the leading cause of cracks in steel bridges built prior to the mid-1980s. Experimental and computer simulations of 914-mm (36-in.) deep girder-cross frame ...

  3. Design of optimal dispersive mirrors for femtosecond enhancement cavities and compressors by minimizing phase distortion power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birge, Jonathan R.

    The optimization of phase distortion spectral power density is proposed as an alternative to GDD minimization of ultrafast cavity mirrors. This criterion is shown to minimize the detuning of cavity resonances from a uniform comb.

  4. Relative stereociliary motion in a hair bundle opposes amplification at distortion frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei S. Kozlov; Thomas Risler; Armin J. Hinterwirth; A. J. Hudspeth

    2012-03-08

    Direct gating of mechanoelectrical-transduction channels by mechanical force is a basic feature of hair cells that assures fast transduction and underpins the mechanical amplification of acoustic inputs. But the associated nonlinearity - the gating compliance - inevitably distorts signals. Because reducing distortion would make the ear a better detector, we sought mechanisms with that effect. Mimicking in vivo stimulation, we used stiff probes to displace individual hair bundles at physiological amplitudes and measured the coherence and phase of the relative stereociliary motions with a dual-beam differential interferometer. Although stereocilia moved coherently and in phase at the stimulus frequencies, large phase lags at the frequencies of the internally generated distortion products indicated dissipative relative motions. Tip links engaged these relative modes and decreased the coherence in both stimulated and free hair bundles. These results show that a hair bundle breaks into a highly dissipative serial arrangement of stereocilia at distortion frequencies, precluding their amplification.

  5. Separation of noise from distortion for high-speed optical fiber system link budgeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui, Rongqing; Vaziri, M.; Zhou, J.; O'Sullivan, M.

    1999-07-01

    In optical transmission systems and networks with in-line optical amplifiers, system performance degradations caused by random noise and optical path distortions are usually thought to he inseparable, which makes link performance evaluation...

  6. Analytical and Experimental Investigation for Distortion-Induced Fatigue in Steel Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Amanda

    2013-08-31

    Distortion-induced fatigue has been extensively studied; however, retrofit techniques currently used are expensive and/or time consuming to implement. These retrofit techniques primarily fall into two categories--stiffening or softening the weak web...

  7. A restoration model of distorted electron density in wave-cutoff probe measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jun, Hyun-Su Lee, Yun-Seong

    2014-02-15

    This study investigates the problem of electron density distortion and how the density can be restored in a wave-cutoff probe. Despite recent plasma diagnostics research using a wave-cutoff probe, the problem of electron density distortion caused by plasma conditions has not been resolved. Experimental results indicate that electron density measured using the wave-cutoff method is highly susceptible to variations in the probe tip gap. This electron density distortion is caused by the bulk plasma disturbance between probe tips, and it must be removed for calculating the absolute electron density. To do this, a detailed analytic model was developed using the power balance equation near probe tips. This model demonstrates the characteristics of plasma distortion in wave-cutoff probe measurement and successfully restored the absolute value of electron density with varying probe tip gaps.

  8. Harmonic Load Pull of High-Power Microwave Devices using Fundamental-Only Load Pull Tuners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Zoya

    Harmonic Load Pull of High-Power Microwave Devices using Fundamental-Only Load Pull Tuners John-frequency load pull tuners. Harmonic impedance control at the virtual drain is accomplished through the use the dramatic impact of varying 2nd harmonic termination. A 3rd harmonic termination is added to satisfy

  9. Driven harmonic oscillator as a quantum simulator for open systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jyrki Piilo; Sabrina Maniscalco

    2006-10-03

    We show theoretically how a driven harmonic oscillator can be used as a quantum simulator for non-Markovian damped harmonic oscillator. In the general framework, the results demonstrate the possibility to use a closed system as a simulator for open quantum systems. The quantum simulator is based on sets of controlled drives of the closed harmonic oscillator with appropriately tailored electric field pulses. The non-Markovian dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator is obtained by using the information about the spectral density of the open system when averaging over the drives of the closed oscillator. We consider single trapped ions as a specific physical implementation of the simulator, and we show how the simulator approach reveals new physical insight into the open system dynamics, e.g. the characteristic quantum mechanical non-Markovian oscillatory behavior of the energy of the damped oscillator, usually obtained by the non-Lindblad-type master equation, can have a simple semiclassical interpretation.

  10. Harmonic Image Reconstruction Assisted by a Nonlinear Metmaterial Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhiyu

    We experimentally demonstrate a microwave far-field image reconstruction modality with the transverse resolution exceeding the diffraction limit by using a single layer of highly nonlinear metamaterial. The harmonic fields ...

  11. Classification of Certain Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Harmonic Curvature a...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derdzinski, Andrzej

    Classification of Certain Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Harmonic Curvature a... Derdzinski and University Library provides access to digitized documents strictly for noncommercial educational, research) requires prior written permission from the Goettingen State- and University Library. Each copy of any part

  12. The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication (GHS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication (GHS) University of Arkansas Facilities groups. · GHS is based on major existing systems around the world, including OSHA's Hazard Communication to hazard communication, providing agreed upon criteria for classification of chemical hazards

  13. Conversion efficiency, scaling and global optimization of high harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falcao-Filho, Edilson L.

    Closed form expressions for the high harmonic generation (HHG) conversion efficiency in the plateau and cut-off region are derived showing agreement with previous observations. Application of these results to optimal ...

  14. Variable Frequency Motor Drives: Harmonics, Power Factor, and Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massey, G. W.

    1997-01-01

    harmonics and power factor. NOTE: The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily represent the views of the United States of America, the U.S. Department of Justice, or the Federal Bureau of Prisons....

  15. Harmonic generation of gravitational wave induced Alfven waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Forsberg; Gert Brodin

    2007-11-26

    Here we consider the nonlinear evolution of Alfven waves that have been excited by gravitational waves from merging binary pulsars. We derive a wave equation for strongly nonlinear and dispersive Alfven waves. Due to the weak dispersion of the Alfven waves, significant wave steepening can occur, which in turn implies strong harmonic generation. We find that the harmonic generation is saturated due to dispersive effects, and use this to estimate the resulting spectrum. Finally we discuss the possibility of observing the above process.

  16. Action Principle for the Generalized Harmonic Formulation of General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. David Brown

    2011-09-07

    An action principle for the generalized harmonic formulation of general relativity is presented. The action is a functional of the spacetime metric and the gauge source vector. An action principle for the Z4 formulation of general relativity has been proposed recently by Bona, Bona--Casas and Palenzuela (BBP). The relationship between the generalized harmonic action and the BBP action is discussed in detail.

  17. Wind LCA Harmonization (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-06-01

    NREL recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that provides more exact estimates of GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty. This involved a systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale wind power systems in order to determine the causes of life cycle greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and, where possible, reduce variability in GHG estimates.

  18. Harmonic lattice behavior of two-dimensional colloidal crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Keim; G. Maret; U. Herz; H. H. von Grünberg

    2004-02-17

    Using positional data from video-microscopy and applying the equipartition theorem for harmonic Hamiltonians, we determine the wave-vector-dependent normal mode spring constants of a two-dimensional colloidal model crystal and compare the measured band-structure to predictions of the harmonic lattice theory. We find good agreement for both the transversal and the longitudinal mode. For $q\\to 0$, the measured spring constants are consistent with the elastic moduli of the crystal.

  19. Determination of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) Using Total Carbon Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ekechukwu, A.A.

    2002-05-10

    Several methods have been proposed to replace the Freon(TM)-extraction method to determine total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content. For reasons of cost, sensitivity, precision, or simplicity, none of the replacement methods are feasible for analysis of radioactive samples at our facility. We have developed a method to measure total petroleum hydrocarbon content in aqueous sample matrixes using total organic carbon (total carbon) determination. The total carbon content (TC1) of the sample is measured using a total organic carbon analyzer. The sample is then contacted with a small volume of non-pokar solvent to extract the total petroleum hydrocarbons. The total carbon content of the resultant aqueous phase of the extracted sample (TC2) is measured. Total petroleum hydrocarbon content is calculated (TPH = TC1-TC2). The resultant data are consistent with results obtained using Freon(TM) extraction followed by infrared absorbance.

  20. A practical global distortion correction method for an image intensifier based x-ray fluoroscopy system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutierrez, Luis F.; Ozturk, Cengizhan; McVeigh, Elliot R.; Lederman, Robert J. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 and Lab of Cardiac Energetics, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States); Cardiovascular Branch, Division of Intramural Research, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 and Biomedical Engineering Institute, Bogazici University, Istanbul (Turkey); Lab of Cardiac Energetics, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 (United States); Cardiovascular Branch, Division of Intramural Research, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States)

    2008-03-15

    X-ray images acquired on systems with image intensifiers (II) exhibit characteristic distortion which is due to both external and internal factors. The distortion is dependent on the orientation of the II, a fact particularly relevant to II's mounted on C arms which have several degrees of freedom of motion. Previous descriptions of distortion correction strategies have relied on a dense sampling of the C-arm orientation space, and as such have been limited mostly to a single arc of the primary angle, {alpha}. We present a new method which smooths the trajectories of the segmented vertices of the grid phantom as a function of {alpha} prior to solving the two-dimensional warping problem. It also shows that the same residual errors of distortion correction could be achieved without fitting the trajectories of the grid vertices, but instead applying the previously described global method of distortion correction, followed by directly smoothing the values of the polynomial coefficients as functions of the C-arm orientation parameters. When this technique was applied to a series of test images at arbitrary {alpha}, the root-mean-square (RMS) residual error was 0.22 pixels. The new method was extended to three degrees of freedom of the C-arm motion: the primary angle, {alpha}; the secondary angle, {beta}; and the source-to-intensifier distance, {lambda}. Only 75 images were used to characterize the distortion for the following ranges: {alpha}, {+-}45 deg. ({delta}{alpha}=22.5 deg.); {beta}, {+-}36 deg. ({delta}{beta}=18 deg.); {lambda}, 98-118 cm ({delta}{lambda}=10 cm). When evaluated on a series of test images acquired at arbitrary ({alpha},{beta},{lambda}), the RMS residual error was 0.33 pixels. This method is targeted at applications such as guidance of catheter-based interventions and treatment planning for brachytherapy, which require distortion-corrected images over a large range of C-arm orientations.

  1. Numerical Analysis of Fifth-Harmonic Conversion of Low-Power Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser with Resonance of Second Harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, Andy

    Numerical Analysis of Fifth-Harmonic Conversion of Low-Power Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser with Resonance of Second Harmonic Lien-Bee CHANG1Ã , S. C. WANG1 and A. H. KUNG1;2 1 Institute of Electro March 13, 2003) A model for the fifth-harmonic generation of pulsed IR lasers involving an external ring

  2. Brain Surface Conformal Mapping and Brain VolumetricBrain Surface Conformal Mapping and Brain Volumetric Harmonic Map withHarmonic Map with VariationalVariational MethodsMethods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brain Surface Conformal Mapping and Brain VolumetricBrain Surface Conformal Mapping and Brain Volumetric Harmonic Map withHarmonic Map with VariationalVariational MethodsMethods YalinYalin WangWang11 to the cortical surface matching problem. We further extended the algorithm to find a 3D volumetric harmonic map

  3. U.S. Total Exports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Babb, MT LNG Exports from Buffalo, NY LNG Exports from Kenai, AK LNG Exports...

  4. Efficiency enhancement of a harmonic lasing free-electron laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salehi, E.; Maraghechi, B.; Mirian, N. S.

    2015-03-15

    The harmonic lasing free-electron laser amplifier, in which two wigglers is employed in order for the fundamental resonance of the second wiggler to coincide with the third harmonic of the first wiggler to generate ultraviolet radiation, is studied. A set of coupled nonlinear first-order differential equations describing the nonlinear evolution of the system, for a long electron bunch, is solved numerically by CYRUS code. Solutions for the non-averaged and averaged equations are compared. Remarkable agreement is found between the averaged and non-averaged simulations for the evolution of the third harmonic. Thermal effects in the form of longitudinal velocity spread are also investigated. For efficiency enhancement, the second wiggler field is set to decrease linearly and nonlinearly at the point where the radiation of the third harmonic saturates. The optimum starting point and the slope of the tapering of the amplitude of the wiggler are found by a successive run of the code. It is found that tapering can increase the saturated power of the third harmonic considerably. In order to reduce the length of the wiggler, the prebunched electron beam is considered.

  5. Harmonic entanglement in a degenerate parametric down conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sintayehu Tesfa

    2007-07-25

    We study the harmonic entanglement and squeezing in a two-mode radiation produced in a degenerate parametric down conversion process coupled to a two-mode vacuum reservoir employing the linearization procedure. It is found that there is a quadrature entanglement between the harmonically related fundamental and second-harmonic modes and the superimposed radiation exhibits a significant two-mode squeezing. The entanglement exits even when there is no two-mode squeezing, since the correlation leading to these phenomena are essentially different. In addition, the more the external coherent light is down converted, the more stronger the entanglement and mean photon number of the two-mode radiation would be which is not generally true for squeezing.

  6. Flow harmonics within an analytically solvable viscous hydrodynamic model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshitaka Hatta; Jorge Noronha; Giorgio Torrieri; Bo-Wen Xiao

    2014-10-01

    Based on a viscous hydrodynamic model with anisotropically perturbed Gubser flow and isothermal Cooper-Frye freezeout at early times, we analytically compute the flow harmonics $v_n(p_T)$ and study how they scale with the harmonic number $n$ and transverse momentum, as well as the system size, shear and bulk viscosity coefficients, and collision energy. In particular, we find that the magnitude of shear viscous corrections grows linearly with $n$. The mixing between different harmonics is also discussed. While this model is rather simple as compared to realistic heavy-ion collisions, we argue that the scaling results presented here may be meaningfully compared to experimental data collected over many energies, system sizes, and geometries.

  7. A model for the Pockels effect in distorted liquid crystal blue phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Castles

    2015-07-29

    Recent experiments have found that a mechanically distorted blue phase can exhibit a primary linear electro-optic (Pockels) effect [F. Castles \\textit{et al}. Nature Mater. \\textbf{13}, 817 (2014)]. Here it is shown that flexoelectricity can account for the experimental results and a model, which is based on continuum theory but takes account of the sub-unit-cell structure, is proposed. The model provides a quantitative description of the effect accurate to the nearest order of magnitude and predicts that the Pockels coefficient(s) in an optimally-distorted blue phase may be two orders of magnitude larger than in lithium niobate.

  8. Coulomb distortion in high-Q^2 elastic e-p scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Arrington; Ingo Sick

    2004-06-11

    Recently, there has been a significant amount of activity to try and understand the discrepancy between Rosenbluth and polarization transfer measurements of the proton form factors. It has been suggested that the standard use of plane-wave Born approximation in extracting the form factors is insufficient, and that higher-order terms must also be included. Of the corrections missing in standard prescriptions, Coulomb distortion is the most well understood. In this paper, we examine the effect of Coulomb distortion on the extraction of the proton form factors.

  9. Many interacting fermions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap: a quantum-chemical treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomasz Grining; Micha? Tomza; Micha? Lesiuk; Micha? Przybytek; Monika Musia?; Pietro Massignan; Maciej Lewenstein; Robert Moszynski

    2015-08-16

    We employ ab initio methods of quantum chemistry to investigate spin-1/2 fermions interacting via a two-body contact potential in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. The convergence of the total energy with the size of the one-particle basis set is analytically investigated for the two-body problem and the same form of the convergence formula is numerically confirmed to be valid for the many-body case. Benchmark calculations for two to six fermions with the full configuration interaction method, equivalent to the exact diagonalization approach, and the coupled cluster method including single, double, triple, and quadruple excitations are presented. The convergence of the correlation energy with the level of excitations included in the coupled cluster model is analyzed. The range of the interaction strength for which single-reference coupled cluster methods work is examined. Next, the coupled cluster method restricted to single, double, and noniterative triple excitations, CCSD(T), is employed to study a two-component Fermi gas composed of 6 to 80 atoms in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. The density profiles of trapped atomic clouds are also reported. Finally, a comparison with experimental results for few-fermion systems is presented. Upcoming possible applications and extensions of the presented approach are discussed.

  10. Harmonic Oscillator on the ${\\rm SO}(2,2)$ Hyperboloid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davit R. Petrosyan; George S. Pogosyan

    2015-11-25

    In the present work the classical problem of harmonic oscillator in the hyperbolic space $H_2^2$: $z_0^2+z_1^2-z_2^2-z_3^2=R^2$ has been completely solved in framework of Hamilton-Jacobi equation. We have shown that the harmonic oscillator on $H_2^2$, as in the other spaces with constant curvature, is exactly solvable and belongs to the class of maximally superintegrable system. We have proved that all the bounded classical trajectories are closed and periodic. The orbits of motion are ellipses or circles for bounded motion and ultraellipses or equidistant curve for infinite ones.

  11. Harmonic analysis on a galois field and its subfields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Vourdas

    2006-10-17

    Complex functions $\\chi (m)$ where $m$ belongs to a Galois field $GF(p^ \\ell)$, are considered. Fourier transforms, displacements in the $GF(p^ \\ell) \\times GF(p^ \\ell)$ phase space and symplectic $Sp(2,GF(p^ \\ell))$ transforms of these functions are studied. It is shown that the formalism inherits many features from the theory of Galois fields. For example, Frobenius transformations are defined which leave fixed all functions $h(n)$ where $n$ belongs to a subfield $GF(p^ d)$ of the $GF(p^ \\ell)$. The relationship between harmonic analysis (or quantum mechanics) on $GF(p^ \\ell)$ and harmonic analysis on its subfields, is studied.

  12. Harmonic mean, the Gamma factor and Speed of Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandru Iyer

    2008-11-17

    The relationship between the harmonic mean and special relativity is concisely elucidated. The arguments in favor and against SRT are explored. It is shown that the ratio of the speed of light to the harmonic mean of the onward and return speeds of light in a moving frame under Newtonian mechanics, when equitably distributed between space and time as a correction, leads to the Lorentz transformation. This correction implies an apparent contraction of objects and time dilation. However, the symmetry of the onward and inverse transformations give a different meaning to the gamma factor

  13. On the harmonic oscillator properties in a twisted Moyal plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezinvi Baloitcha; Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary

    2012-03-25

    This work prolongs, using an operator method, the investigations started in our recent paper J. Math. Phys. 51., 102108 on the spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal plane, where rather a Moyal-star-algebraic approach was used. The physical spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal space, obtained here by solving the corresponding differential equation, are similar to those of the ordinary Moyal space, with different parameters. This fortunately contrasts with the previous study which produced unexpected results, i.e. infinitely degenerate states with energies depending on the coordinate functions.

  14. Dipolar second harmonic generation in inversion symmetric materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardhienata, Hendradi; Prylepa, Andrii; Reitböck, Cornelia; Hingerl, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    It is generally argued that material classes with inversion symmetry such as silicon do not produce bulk dipole related second harmonic generation (SHG). So, SHG is then either ascribed to surface effects or bulk related electric quadrupol or magnetic dipole effects. In this letter we show analytically that due to the fact of the decaying harmonic electric field certain Si facets, as eg. Si(111), produce a bulk dipole SHG response and we propose an experiment, exploiting the different dispersion for the fundamental as well as frequency doubled radiation to determine this effect.

  15. Second-harmonic generation from hyperbolic plasmonic nanorod metamaterial slab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marino, Giuseppe; Krasavin, Alexey V; Ginzburg, Pavel; Olivier, Nicolas; Wurtz, Gregory A; Zayats, Anatoly V

    2015-01-01

    Hyperbolic plasmonic metamaterials provide numerous opportunities for designing unusual linear and nonlinear optical properties. We show that the modal overlap of fundamental and second-harmonic light in an anisotropic plasmonic metamaterial slab results in the broadband enhancement of radiated second-harmonic intensity by up to 2 and 11 orders of magnitudes for TM- and TE-polarized fundamental light, respectively, compared to a smooth Au film under TM-polarised illumination. The results open up possibilities to design tuneable frequency-doubling metamaterial with the goal to overcome limitations associated with classical phase matching conditions in thick nonlinear crystals.

  16. The progress in developing superconducting third harmonic cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solyak, Nikolay; Edwards, Helen; Foley, Mike; Gonin, Ivan; Harms, Elvin; Khabiboulline, Timergali; Mitchell, Donald; Olis, Daniel; Rowe, Allan; /Fermilab

    2006-06-01

    The XFEL and TTF facilities are planning to use section with a few third harmonic cavities (3.9GHz) upstream of the bunch compressor to improve beam performance [1-2]. Fermilab is developing superconducting third harmonic section for the TTFII upgrade. This section will include four cavities equipped with couplers and blade tuners installed in cryostat. Up to now, two cavities are complete and one of them is under test. The status of the cavity development and preliminary test results are presented in this paper.

  17. Nonlinear Trivelpiece--Gould waves: Recurrence, harmonic cascade, and sidebands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, J.A.C.; Lapao, L.M.; Mendonca, J.T. )

    1993-03-01

    A theoretical and experimental study of Trivelpiece--Gould waves propagating in a magnetized plasma column is presented in this paper. In the experiments, these waves are excited by a radio frequency (rf) source, which also serves to create the plasma. Observation of nonlinear effects includes space and time recurrence effects, a wave spectrum containing a large number (up to 25) harmonics, and low-frequency sidebands. The theoretical model explains the recurrence effects as a consequence of multiple nonlinear interactions between the fundamental wave and its harmonics. A good agreement is found between theory and the experiments.

  18. MUJERES TOTAL BIOLOGIA 21 32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    CIENCIAS ECON�MICAS Y EMPRESARIALES TOTAL DERECHO Nº de tesis leídas y aprobadas por centro y departamento en el año 2014 CENTRO DEPARTAMENTO Nº DE TESIS CIENCIAS MEDICINA TOTAL MEDICINA #12;MUJERES TOTAL Nº de tesis leídas y aprobadas por centro y departamento en el año 2014 CENTRO DEPARTAMENTO Nº DE TESIS

  19. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1.4 0.4 0.5 1.0 1.2 1.4 2.1 1.3 Table HC5.2 Living Space Characteristics by Year of Construction, 2005 Living Space Characteristics 1970 to 1979 1980 to 1989 1990 to 1999 2000 to...

  20. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table HC7.7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 2005 Household Income Housing Units (millions)...

  1. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 65.9 3.9 15.1 15.6 11.1 7.0 5.2 8.0 Without a Heat Pump... 53.5 3.5 12.9 12.7 8.6 5.5 4.2 6.2 With a Heat...

  2. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    em... 65.9 51.7 43.9 2.5 0.7 1.6 3.1 Without a Heat Pump... 53.5 41.1 34.8 2.1 0.5 1.2 2.6 With a Heat...

  3. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 65.9 11.0 16.5 13.5 8.7 16.1 6.4 17.2 Without a Heat Pump... 53.5 9.4 13.6 10.7 7.1 12.7 5.4 14.5 With a Heat...

  4. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1.5 2.3 3.0 6.0 For Two Housing Units... 0.9 0.3 0.4 Q Q N Q 0.4 Heat Pump... 9.2 1.2 2.2 2.0 1.3 2.4 0.6 1.9...

  5. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 65.9 3.7 2.6 6.1 6.8 11.2 13.2 13.9 8.2 Without a Heat Pump... 53.5 3.6 2.3 5.5 5.8 9.5 10.1 10.3 6.4 With a...

  6. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    tem... 65.9 14.1 3.6 1.5 2.1 6.4 0.6 Without a Heat Pump... 53.5 12.4 3.1 1.3 1.8 5.7 0.6 With a Heat...

  7. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    75.6 9.6 18.0 16.4 11.3 20.3 6.4 17.9 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 7.6 14.2 13.1 9.2 14.6 5.0 14.5 Laptop...

  8. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    75.6 30.3 12.5 18.1 14.7 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 22.9 9.8 14.1 11.9...

  9. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 75.6 17.5 12.1 5.4 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 14.1 10.0 4.0...

  10. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    75.6 13.7 17.5 26.6 17.8 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 10.4 14.1 20.5 13.7...

  11. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 75.6 26.6 14.5 4.1 7.9 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 20.5 11.0 3.4 6.1...

  12. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... 0.7 Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 11.4 8.1 3.3 Flat-panel...

  13. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... 0.7 Q Q Q 0.3 Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 7.9 11.4 15.4 10.2 Flat-panel...

  14. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... 0.7 Q Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 2.3 2.5 3.1 4.8...

  15. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... 0.7 Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 7.9 5.6 2.4 Flat-panel...

  16. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... 0.7 Q Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 15.4 7.9 2.8 4.8 Flat-panel...

  17. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... 0.7 0.3 Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 17.7 7.5 10.2 9.6 Flat-panel...

  18. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 75.6 17.8 5.3 12.5 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 13.7 4.2 9.5 Laptop...

  19. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... 0.7 0.3 Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)... 45.0 10.2 3.2 7.0 Flat-panel...

  20. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... 75.6 4.2 5.0 5.3 9.0 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model... 58.6 3.2 3.9 4.0 6.7...

  1. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1.2 0.5 0.9 3 or More... 0.6 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Plasma Television Sets... 3.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.2 0.3 0.9...

  2. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Q 0.4 3 or More Units... 5.4 0.3 Q Q Central Air-Conditioning Usage Air-Conditioned Floorspace (Square Feet)...

  3. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 1.9 1.1 Q Q 0.3 Q Do Not Use Central Air-Conditioning... 45.2 24.6 3.6 5.0 8.8 3.2 Use a Programmable...

  4. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3.3 2.9 Q Q Q N For Two Housing Units... 1.4 Q Q 0.5 0.8 N Central Warm-Air Furnace... 2.8 2.4 Q Q Q 0.2 Other...

  5. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 or More Units... 5.4 2.4 1.4 0.7 0.9 Central Air-Conditioning Usage Air-Conditioned Floorspace (Square Feet)...

  6. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    s... 58.2 9.2 4.9 7.8 7.1 8.8 8.4 7.8 4.2 Central Warm-Air Furnace... 44.7 5.2 3.1 5.6 5.2 7.1 7.4 7.3 3.9 For...

  7. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 or More Units... 5.4 2.3 1.7 0.6 Central Air-Conditioning Usage Air-Conditioned Floorspace (Square Feet)...

  8. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 or More Units... 5.4 2.1 0.9 0.2 1.0 Central Air-Conditioning Usage Air-Conditioned Floorspace (Square Feet)...

  9. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    38.9 12.9 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it... 1.9 0.3 Q 0.5 1.0 Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System......

  10. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0.3 3 or More Units... 5.4 0.7 0.5 Q Central Air-Conditioning Usage Air-Conditioned Floorspace (Square Feet)...

  11. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 or More Units... 5.4 2.3 0.7 2.1 0.3 Central Air-Conditioning Usage Air-Conditioned Floorspace (Square Feet)...

  12. Total..............................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1 86.6

  13. Total................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1

  14. Total........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1 111.1

  15. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1

  16. Total...........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1Q

  17. Total...........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1QQ

  18. Total...........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6 111.1QQ14.7

  19. Total...........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.55.6

  20. Total............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4

  1. Total............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.4

  2. Total.............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8 20.6 13.1

  3. Total..............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8 20.6

  4. Total..............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8 20.6Do Not

  5. Total...............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8 20.6Do

  6. Total...............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8 20.6Do0.7

  7. Total...............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8

  8. Total...............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do Not Have

  9. Total...............................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do Not

  10. Total................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do Not

  11. Total.................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do Not49.2

  12. Total.................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do

  13. Total.................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do26.7 28.8

  14. Total..................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do26.7

  15. Total..................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do26.733.0

  16. Total..................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7 28.8Do26.733.0.

  17. Total...................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.7

  18. Total...................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.8 1.0 1.2

  19. Total...................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.8 1.0

  20. Total...................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.8 1.0Type

  1. Total...................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.8

  2. Total....................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.814.7 7.4

  3. Total.......................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.814.7

  4. Total.......................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2 7.814.75.6

  5. Total.......................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.2

  6. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.225.6 40.7

  7. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.225.6

  8. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.225.65.6 17.7

  9. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.225.65.6

  10. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7 7.426.715.225.65.64.2

  11. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.7

  12. Total........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Do

  13. Total.........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.7 22.3

  14. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.7 22.325.6

  15. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.7 22.325.6.

  16. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.7

  17. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.70.7 21.7

  18. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.70.7 21.74.2

  19. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.70.7

  20. Total..........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.70.77.1 19.0

  1. Total...........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.70.77.1

  2. Total...........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0 22.70.77.15.6

  3. Total...........................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0

  4. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0Do Not Have

  5. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0Do Not

  6. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0Do NotCooking

  7. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0Do NotCookingDo

  8. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0Do

  9. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0DoCooking

  10. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0DoCookingDo Not

  11. Total.............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0DoCookingDo

  12. Total..............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 19.0DoCookingDo20.6

  13. Total..............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1

  14. Total..............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1 7.0 8.0

  15. Total..............................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1 7.0 8.07.1

  16. Total.................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1 7.0

  17. Total.................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1 7.07.1 7.0

  18. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1 7.07.1

  19. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1 7.07.15.6

  20. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1

  1. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1Personal

  2. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 7.1Personal4.2

  3. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1

  4. Total....................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 111.1 47.1

  5. Total.........................................................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight.... 111.1 14.77.1 111.1 111.1

  6. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672(MillionFeet) Oil4)5,Product:

  7. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672(MillionFeet)

  8. High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy Citation Details In-Document Search Title: High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved...

  9. Ultrasensitive Optical Shape Characterization of Gold Nanoantennas Using Second Harmonic Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalang, Robert C.

    Ultrasensitive Optical Shape Characterization of Gold Nanoantennas Using Second Harmonic Generation for the sensitive optical characterization of plasmonic nanostructures. Furthermore, defects located where on the second harmonic signal. KEYWORDS: Plasmonics, nonlinear optics, surface integral formulation, realistic

  10. Wideband phased array antennas and compact, harmonic-suppressed microstrip filters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Wen-Hua

    2009-05-15

    . Since the electromagnetic spectrum is limited and has to be shared, interference is getting serious as more and more wireless applications emerge. Filters are key components to prevent harmonic interference. The harmonic signals can be suppressed...

  11. Simulation of Hot Tearing and Distortion during Casting of Steel: Comparison with Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    Simulation of Hot Tearing and Distortion during Casting of Steel: Comparison with Experiments C City, IA 52242 Abstract Hot tears are defects that occur during solidification of a casting that is subjected to mechanical restraints. Several key factors are known to aggravate the hot tearing of cast steel

  12. Exact distorted-wave approach to multiple-scattering theory for general potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. L. Foulis

    2008-06-03

    We present a new approach to real-space multiple-scattering theory for molecules and clusters, based on the two-potential (distorted-wave) Lippmann-Schwinger equation formalism. Our approach uses a recently developed form [D. L. Foulis, Phys. Rev. A70, 022706 (2004)], for the partial-wave expansions of the exact time-independent single-particle Green function for a general potential, to solve exactly the scattering problem for the distorting potential. The multiple-scattering problem for the full multicenter molecular potential is then developed along familiar lines, within a partition of space consisting of non-overlapping atomic spheres, but relative to the distorting potential. To achieve this some new general Green-function re-expansion formulas are derived, as well as further developments of our earlier partial-wave expansions. Based on the division of the multicenter molecular potential into the non-singular distorting potential and a remaining singular part we develop explicitly the secular equations of our approach and prove a result concerning the symmetry of the atomic matrices. The new secular equations are similar in overall form to those of related methods, requiring coupled radial Schr\\"odinger-equation solutions for each atomic center, together with atomic-sphere surface integrals, but no volume integrals. We treat both continuum (scattering) states and bound states within the same framework, and consider also the case of an outer sphere.

  13. Distortion of a Steel Cylinder Casting with a Core D. Galles and C. Beckermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    contraction to introduce stresses and distortions. Therefore, deformation models of both the steel and mold process; the measurements show that thermal expansions (of both the outer mold and core) have an immediate are predicted in the core and casting; the results suggest 1) the thermal expansion coefficient of the mold

  14. Sensitivity of Gaussian Channel Capacity and ate-Distortion Function to nonGaussian Contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdú, Sergio

    Sensitivity of Gaussian Channel Capacity and ate-Distortion Function to nonGaussian Contamination-Gaussian contaminating noise. Although the ca- pacity of such channels cannot be evaluated in general, we analyze the decrease in capacity, or sensitivity of the channel capacity to the weak contaminating noise. We show

  15. Distortion-transmission trade-off in real-time transmission of Gauss-Markov sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahajan, Aditya

    Distortion-transmission trade-off in real-time transmission of Gauss-Markov sources Jhelum.mahajan@mcgill.ca Abstract--The problem of optimal real-time transmission of a Gauss-Markov source under constraints on the expected number of transmissions is considered. This setup is motivated by applica- tions where

  16. Distorted benzene bearing two bulky substituents on adjacent positions: structure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaszynski, Piotr

    Distorted benzene bearing two bulky substituents on adjacent positions: structure of 1,2-bis(1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)benzene Yasuyuki Endo,a,* Chalermkiat Songkram,b Kiminori Ohta,a Piotr analysis of 1,2-bis(o-carboranyl)benzene were performed to examine the steric effects of the two extremely

  17. EURASIP JOURNAL ON ADVANCES IN SIGNAL PROCESSING (TO APPEAR) 1 Distortion-Rate Bounds for Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jindal, Nihar

    author) and Nihar Jindal Abstract We deal with centralized and distributed rate-constrained estimation utilizes the compressed sensor data to estimate a vector parameter which is conveyed implicitly. 336]; and the estimation one, also referred to as a rate-distortion problem with a remote source, has

  18. On Some Low Distortion Metric Ramsey Problems Yair Bartal # Nathan Linial + Manor Mendel # Assaf Naor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartal, Yair

    On Some Low Distortion Metric Ramsey Problems Yair Bartal # Nathan Linial + Manor Mendel # Assaf Naor December 17, 2002 Abstract In this note, we consider the metric Ramsey problem for the normed metric spaces, no four points of which embed isometrically in # p . 1 Introduction A Ramsey­type theorem

  19. Frank Masci Page 1 06/16/2003 MIPS Optical Distortion Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    representation for sky-projection and optical distortion will be adopted for the time-being. This will be replaced by the new and more general PV-TAN projection once it becomes ratified by the IAU. The main format directly. These can then be converted into the proposed PV format when needed. These parameters

  20. Reducing pulse distortion in fast-light pulse propagation through an erbium-doped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Robert W.

    Reducing pulse distortion in fast-light pulse propagation through an erbium-doped fiber amplifier, 2007 (Doc. ID 78405); published March 19, 2007 When a pulse superposed on a cw background propagates through an erbium-doped fiber amplifier with a negative group velocity, either pulse broadening or pulse

  1. Radar transponder operation with compensation for distortion due to amplitude modulation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ormesher, Richard C. (Albuquerque, NM); Tise, Bertice L. (Albuquerque, NM); Axline, Jr., Robert M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-01-04

    In radar transponder operation, a variably delayed gating signal is used to gate a received radar pulse and thereby produce a corresponding gated radar pulse for transmission back to the source of the received radar pulse. This compensates for signal distortion due to amplitude modulation on the retransmitted pulse.

  2. Measurement and Simulation of Distortion of a Steel Bracket Casting D. Galles and C. Beckermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    are strongly correlated to the thermal expansion of the core, additional research of the mold properties create interactions at the mold- metal interface and generate stresses. These stresses induce mechanical-solid mushy zone3 . Distortions and defects compromise the quality of the casting and may require costly, time

  3. FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF THERMAL TENSIONING TECHNIQUES MITIGATING WELD BUCKLING DISTORTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaleris, Panagiotis

    FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF THERMAL TENSIONING TECHNIQUES MITIGATING WELD BUCKLING DISTORTION. This paper presents a finite element analysis model of the thermal tensioning technique. A series of finite by the finite element simulations, the residual stresses of large size and high heat input welds are reduced

  4. Optimum bit-by-bit power allocation for minimum distortion transmission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaer, Arzu

    2007-04-25

    In this thesis, bit-by-bit power allocation in order to minimize mean-squared error (MSE) distortion of a basic communication system is studied. This communication system consists of a quantizer. There may or may not be a channel encoder and a...

  5. Extending the Lifetime of Portable Video Communication Devices Using Power-Rate-Distortion Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Zhihai "Henry"

    -Rate-Distortion Optimization Zhihai He, Wenye Cheng, and Xi Chen £ Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University framework to save the data processing energy and extend the operational lifetime of portable video communication devices. Video compression is computationally intensive and energy-consuming. However, portable

  6. Progress in Large Period Multilayer Coatings for High Harmonic and Solar Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aquila, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    large period multilayer coatings for high harmonic and solarBerkeley, CA 94720 Multilayer coatings for normal incidence

  7. Simulation of Distortion and Residual Stress Development During Heat Treatment of Steel Castings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christoph Beckermann; Kent Carlson

    2011-07-22

    Heat treatment and associated processing, such as quenching, are critical during high strength steel casting production. These processes must be managed closely to prevent thermal and residual stresses that may result in distortion, cracking (particularly after machining), re-work, and weld repair. The risk of casting distortion limits aggressive quenching that can be beneficial to the process and yield an improved outcome. As a result of these distortions, adjustments must be made to the casting or pattern design, or tie bars must be added. Straightening castings after heat treatments can be both time-consuming and expensive. Residual stresses may reduce a casting���¢��������s overall service performance, possibly resulting in catastrophic failure. Stress relieving may help, but expends additional energy in the process. Casting software is very limited in predicting distortions during heat treatment, so corrective measures most often involve a tedious trial-and-error procedure. An extensive review of existing heat treatment residual stress and distortion modeling revealed that it is vital to predict the phase transformations and microstructure of the steel along with the thermal stress development during heat treatment. After reviewing the state-of-the-art in heat treatment residual stress and distortion modeling, an existing commercial code was selected because of its advanced capabilities in predicting phase transformations, the evolving microstructure and related properties along with thermal stress development during heat treatment. However, this software was developed for small parts created from forgings or machined stock, and not for steel castings. Therefore, its predictive capabilities for heat treatment of steel castings were investigated. Available experimental steel casting heat treatment data was determined to be of insufficient detail and breadth, and so new heat treatment experiments were designed and performed, casting and heat treating modified versions of the Navy-C ring (a classical test shape for heat treatment experiments) for several carbon and low alloy steels in order to generate data necessary to validate the code. The predicted distortions were in reasonable agreement with the experimentally measured values. However, the final distortions in the castings were small, making it difficult to determine how accurate the predictions truly are. It is recommended that further validation of the software be performed with the aid of additional experiments with large production steel castings that experience significant heat treatment distortions. It is apparent from this research that the mechanical properties of the bonded sand used for cores and sand molds are key in producing accurate stress simulation results. Because of this, experiments were performed to determine the temperature-dependent elastic modulus of a resin-bonded sand commonly utilized in the steel casting industry. The elastic modulus was seen to vary significantly with heating and cooling rates. Also, the retained room temperature elastic modulus after heating was seen to degrade significantly when the sand was heated above 125�������°C. The elastic modulus curves developed in this work can readily be utilized in casting simulation software. Additional experiments with higher heating rates are recommended to determine the behavior of the elastic modulus in the sand close to the mold-metal interface. The commercial heat treatment residual stress and distortion code, once fully validated, is expected to result in an estimated energy savings of 2.15 trillion BTU���¢��������s/year. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in casting yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting and pouring of the metal which will be saved as a result of this technology.

  8. Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic Lisa Harris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theil, Florian

    Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic lattices Lisa Harris , Jani Lukkarinen , Stefan vector, k = 0. To derive equations that describe the macroscopic energy transport we introduce the Wigner concentrating to k = 0. A simple consequence of our result is the complete characterization of energy transport

  9. A superintegrable discrete harmonic oscillator based on bivariate Charlier polynomials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent X. Genest; Hiroshi Miki; Luc Vinet; Guofu Yu

    2015-11-30

    A simple discrete model of the two dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator is presented. It is superintegrable with su(2) as its symmetry algebra. It is constructed with the help of the algebraic properties of the bivariate Charlier polyno-mials. This adds to the other discrete superintegrable models of the oscillator based on Krawtchouk and Meixner orthogonal polynomials in several variables.

  10. Harmonic analysis of the Ha velocity field of NGC 4254

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Chemin; Olivier Hernandez; Chantal Balkowski; Claude Carignan; Philippe Amram

    2005-12-20

    The ionized gas kinematics of the Virgo Cluster galaxy NGC 4254 (Messier 99) is analyzed by an harmonic decomposition of the velocity field into Fourier coefficients. The aims of this study are to measure the kinematical asymmetries of Virgo cluster galaxies and to connect them to the environment. The analysis reveals significant $m=1,2,4$ terms which origins are discussed.

  11. On the harmonic oscillator realisation of q-oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Gangopadhyay; A. P. Isaev

    2007-01-05

    The general version of the bosonic harmonic oscillator realisation of bosonic q-oscillators is given. It is shown that the currently known realisation is a special case of our general solution. The investigation has been performed at the Laboratory of theoretical Physics,JINR.

  12. Linear harmonic oscillator in spaces with degenerate metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. A. Gromov

    2006-03-02

    With the help of contraction method we study the harmonic oscillator in spaces with degenerate metrics, namely, on Galilei plane and in the flat 3D Cayley-Klein spaces $R_3(j_2,j_3).$ It is shown that the inner degrees of freedom are appeared which physical dimensions are different from the dimension of the space.

  13. Dynamics of an Open System for Repeated Harmonic Perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroshi Tamura; Valentin A. Zagrebnov

    2015-06-18

    We use the Kossakowski-Lindblad-Davies formalism to consider an open system defined as the Markovian extension of one-mode quantum oscillator S, perturbed by a piecewise stationary harmonic interaction with a chain of oscillators C. The long-time asymptotic behaviour of various subsystems of S+C are obtained in the framework of the dual W-dynamical system approach.

  14. Strong Second Harmonic Generation from the Tantalum Thioarsenates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Strong Second Harmonic Generation from the Tantalum Thioarsenates A3Ta2AsS11 (A K and Rb) Home Author: T.K. Bera, J.I. Jang, J.B. Ketterson, M.G. Kanatzidis Year: 2009 Abstract:...

  15. Harmonic Superfields in N=4 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny A. Ivanov

    2011-02-11

    This is a brief survey of applications of the harmonic superspace methods to the models of N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SQM). The main focus is on a recent progress in constructing SQM models with couplings to the background non-Abelian gauge fields. Besides reviewing and systemizing the relevant results, we present some new examples and make clarifying comments.

  16. Response of turbulent premixed flames to harmonic acoustic forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieuwen, Timothy C.

    for land- based gas turbines, future aircraft engines, industrial heaters and boilers rely on premixed 1540 2006 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Flame area to a harmonic disturbance of given amplitude depends upon turbulence intensity. Low emissions combustion systems

  17. A computational introduction to quantum statistics using harmonically trapped particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ligare, Martin

    and multiplicities. The examples illustrate the effect of quantum statistics on the sharing of energy between weaklyA computational introduction to quantum statistics using harmonically trapped particles Martin the statistical definition of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics [Am. J. Phys. 65, 26 (1997)]. I

  18. HHFW (High Harmonic Fast Wave) Eddy Current Analysis for Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    1 NSTX HHFW (High Harmonic Fast Wave) Eddy Current Analysis for Antenna NSTX-CALC-24-03-01 June 1 performed.) The model was first built for NSTX to verify the eddy current effect on antenna during plasma force of the induced eddy current in the components. The force data was transferred to the structural

  19. -okfl ^ ORNL/CON-172 Linear Harmonic Analysis of Free-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Stirling Engines N. C. J. Chen F. P. Griffin OPERATED BY MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. #12;ORNL/CON-172 Engineering Technology Division* LINEAR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF FREE-PISTON STIRLING/dynamic problem that is associated with a free-piston Stirling engine (FPSE). The governing equations

  20. Master / PhD Project Resonatorassisted high harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hänsch, Theodor W.

    Master / PhD Project Resonatorassisted high harmonic generation with spatially tailored driving+ at low temperatures and on the generation and charac terization of an XUV frequency comb source suitable comb experiments: The XUV frequency comb is generated through extremely nonlinear conversion (high

  1. Thermal Conductivity for a Noisy Disordered Harmonic Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cedric Bernardin

    2008-08-05

    We consider a $d$-dimensional disordered harmonic chain (DHC) perturbed by an energy conservative noise. We obtain uniform in the volume upper and lower bounds for the thermal conductivity defined through the Green-Kubo formula. These bounds indicate a positive finite conductivity. We prove also that the infinite volume homogenized Green-Kubo formula converges.

  2. Theory of second-harmonic generation in colloidal crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian, Y C; Huang, J P

    2006-01-01

    We study the effective susceptibility of second-harmonic generation (SHG) in colloidal crystals considering the local lattice effect using Edward-Kornfeld formulation, which are made of graded metallodielectric nanoparticles with optical nonlinearity suspended in a host fluid. We find a large enhancement and redshift of optical nonlinearity, which arises from the periodic structure, local field effects and gradation in the metallic cores.

  3. Tuning manifold harmonics filters Thomas Lewiner, Thales Vieira, Alex Bordignon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz, Lorenzo J.

    Tuning manifold harmonics filters Thomas Lewiner, Thales Vieira, Alex Bordignon, Allyson Cabral : Thomas Lewiner, Thales Vieira, Alex Bordignon, Allyson Cabral, Clarissa Marques, Jo~ao Paix~ao, Lis Cust CABRAL1 , CLARISSA MARQUES1 , JO ~AO PAIX ~AO1 , LIS CUST ´ODIO1 , MARCOS LAGE1 , MARIA ANDRADE1 , RENATA

  4. J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 49, 767-789, 1997 Electric and Magnetic Field Galvanic Distortion Decomposition of BC87 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 49, 767-789, 1997 Electric and Magnetic Field Galvanic Distortion importance for many of the BC87 sites. However, even a combined electric and magnetic field galvanic-inductive (usually called galvanic) distortion of the electric andjor magnetic fields. Relevant studies include

  5. 978-1-4673-2447-2/12/$31.00 c 2012 IEEE Distortion-Resilient Routing for Video Flows in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

    are considered independently they can converge on to certain links which then become heavily loaded (thereby a video clip can accommodate a certain number of packet losses per frame. However, if the number of lost will result in some amount of distortion. The value of distortion at a hop along the path from the source

  6. Resonance Raman Analysis of the Mechanism of Energy Storage and Chromophore Distortion in the Primary Visual Photoproduct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Belinda

    Resonance Raman Analysis of the Mechanism of Energy Storage and Chromophore Distortion modes and their relation to energy storage in the primary photoproduct. Low-temperature (77 K) resonance interactions of the 9- and 13-methyl groups with surrounding residues. This distortion stores light energy

  7. Charge localization and JahnTeller distortions in the benzene dimer cation Piotr A. Pieniazek, Stephen E. Bradforth,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    Charge localization and Jahn­Teller distortions in the benzene dimer cation Piotr A. Pieniazek August 2008 Jahn­Teller JT distortions and charge localization in the benzene dimer cation are analyzed.1063/1.2969107 I. INTRODUCTION The benzene dimer cation is an important model system for radiation

  8. MUJERES ( * ) TOTAL BIOLOGA 16 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    13 INGENIERÍA INFORMÁTICA 2 11 TOTAL ESCUELA POLITÉCNICA SUPERIOR 2 11 ANTROPOLOGÍA SOCIAL Y TEORÍA DEL ARTE 1 1 LINGÜISTICA 4 7 MÚSICA 1 3 PREHISTORIA Y ARQUEOLOGÍA 0 1 TOTAL FILOSOFÍA Y LETRAS 22 Y EMPRESARIALES Fuente: Centro de Estudios de Posgrado, a 9 de Julio del 2010 DERECHO ESCUELA

  9. Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic Lisa Harris # , Jani Lukkarinen + , Stefan Teufel # , and Florian Theil #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic lattices Lisa Harris # , Jani Lukkarinen + , Stefan of energy transport in harmonic lattices with acoustic dispersion relations. 1 Introduction. The energy, we first need to understand how energy is transported within the crystal via purely harmonic

  10. Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burstall, Fran E.

    Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall Introduction A map : M N of Riemannian manifolds is harmonic if it extremises the energy functional: |d|2 dvol on every compact subdomain of M. Harmonic maps arise in many different contexts in Geometry and Physics (for an overview, see [16

  11. High harmonic generation in relativistic laserplasma interactiona... S. Banerjee,b)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    High harmonic generation in relativistic laser­plasma interactiona... S. Banerjee,b) A. R of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 Received 2 November 2001; accepted 26 February 2002 High harmonics, in addition to the conventional atomic harmonics from bound electrons there is significant contribution

  12. DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammann, Bernd

    DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools. They are mainly interesting if the source map between the source and target manifolds is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2

  13. High harmonic generation spectra of aligned benzene in circular polarized laser field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moiseyev, Nimrod

    High harmonic generation spectra of aligned benzene in circular polarized laser field Petra Zda-order harmonic generation in benzene, aligned in the polarization plane of circular polarized laser field-lived resonance state up to the intensity of about 90 TW cm 2 . The high-order harmonics emitted by the system

  14. HARMONIC is 3Competitive for Two Servers Marek Chrobak and Lawrence L. Larmore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chrobak, Marek

    HARMONIC is 3­Competitive for Two Servers Marek Chrobak and Lawrence L. Larmore Department the server algorithm, called HARMONIC, that always moves the servers with probabilities proportional to the inverses of distances to the request point. We show that for two servers HARMONIC is 3­competitive. Before

  15. 3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Paul algorithm finds a harmonic map from a 3-manifold to a 3D solid sphere and the second is a novel sphere of magnetic resonance images (MRI). A heat flow method is used to solve the volumetric harmonic mapping

  16. HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX, A FACILTY FOR ULTRAFAST X-RAY SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX, A FACILTY FOR ULTRAFAST X-RAY SCIENCE J. Corlett, W. Fawley. We also discuss lattice considerations pertinent to harmonic cascade FELs, somesensitivity studies. While much of this effort has been concentrated upon SASE-based FEL's, there is an alternative "harmonic

  17. Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a MachZehnder interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yen, Christopher

    Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a Mach­Zehnder interferometer Andrew Ahn, Changhuei Yang S. Feld Harmonic phase-dispersion microscopy (PDM) is a new imaging technique in which contrast is provided by differences in refractive index at two harmonically related wavelengths. We report a new

  18. Fast Harmonic Balance of SIS Mixers with Multiple Junctions and Superconducting Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, John

    Fast Harmonic Balance of SIS Mixers with Multiple Junctions and Superconducting Circuits Frank Rice-47, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Abstract We have extended the spectral domain harmonic balance method-Raphson technique to achieve rapid convergence, even when many harmonics are included in the analysis. Another im

  19. Harmonic Potential with Gaussian Barrier Model for Ammonia Inversion Frank Rioux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Frank

    Harmonic Potential with Gaussian Barrier Model for Ammonia Inversion Frank Rioux Department is modeled as a harmonic potential with an internal Gaussian barrier to inversion. The allowed vibrational at 3444, 3337, 1627, and 950 cm -1. The umbrella-like bending mode at 950 cm -1 is modeled by a harmonic

  20. Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled soilvegetationatmosphere system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentine, Pierre

    Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled propagation of the harmonics in order to differentiate between the response of the system to forcing, P., J. Polcher, and D. Entekhabi (2011), Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy

  1. High-harmonic generation in plasmas from relativistic laser-electron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    High-harmonic generation in plasmas from relativistic laser-electron scattering S. Banerjee, A. R Results are presented on the generation of high harmonics through the scattering of relativistic electrons to be the emission of even- order harmonics, linear dependence on the electron density, significant amount

  2. Time-harmonic BEM for 2-D piezoelectricity applied to eigenvalue problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denda, Mitsunori "Mitch"

    Time-harmonic BEM for 2-D piezoelectricity applied to eigenvalue problems M. Denda a,*, Y. Araki b, and present the direct formulation of the time-harmonic boundary element method (BEM) for the two and the latter is given by a line integral along the unit circle. The static BEM is a component of the time-harmonic

  3. HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J. Wurtele

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J. Wurtele , J.N. Corlett, W.M. Fawley, A stages of higher harmonic generation, seeded by a 200­250 nm laser of similar duration. This laser mod then produces ra- diation at a higher harmonic after entering a second, differ- ently tuned undulator. Repeated

  4. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 91, 022114 (2015) Stochastic thermodynamics of a tagged particle within a harmonic chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacoste, David

    2015-01-01

    a harmonic chain David Lacoste1 and Michael A. Lomholt2 1 Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie Th´eorique - UMR CNRS the stochastic thermodynamics of an overdamped harmonic chain, which can be viewed equivalently as a one diffusion, various approximations have been introduced. One of them is the harmonization method, which

  5. Harmonic Exponential Families on Manifolds Taco S. Cohen T.S.COHEN@UVA.NL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welling, Max

    Harmonic Exponential Families on Manifolds Taco S. Cohen T.S.COHEN@UVA.NL University of Amsterdam applications to Bayesian cam- era motion estimation (where harmonic exponen- tial families serve as conjugate experimental re- sults show that harmonic densities yield a signif- icantly higher likelihood than the best

  6. Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian systems on loop algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian systems on loop algebras F. E. Burstall, D. Ferus, F. Pedit, and U. Pinkall Introduction Background The study of harmonic maps of compact and Physics: For example, minimal surfaces are (conformal) harmonic maps while constant mean curvature

  7. High-harmonic generation by quantum-dot nanorings Ioan Bldea,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moiseyev, Nimrod

    High-harmonic generation by quantum-dot nanorings Ioan Bâldea,1, * Ashish K. Gupta,2, Lorenz S with a circularly polarized light. The results show that the high-harmonic generation (HHG) spectra obtained from of the high-order harmonics is studied, and it is shown that it can increase the intensity of the high

  8. High-harmonic generation in a dense medium V. V. Strelkov,1,2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Andreas

    High-harmonic generation in a dense medium V. V. Strelkov,1,2, * V. T. Platonenko,3 and A. Becker1 2005 The high-harmonic generation in a plasma or gas under conditions when the single-atom response using the Monte Carlo method. Harmonic spectra are calculated for different medium densities and laser

  9. Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bath, University of

    Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall Introduction A map OE : M ! N of Riemannian manifolds is harmonic if it extremises the energy functional: Z jdOEj 2 dvol on every compact subdomain of M . Harmonic maps arise in many different contexts in Geometry and Physics (for an overview

  10. Harmonic Functions and Collision Probabilities Christopher I. Connolly, EK 266 y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choset, Howie

    Harmonic Functions and Collision Probabilities Christopher I. Connolly, EK 266 y Arti cial-5022, FAX (415) 859-3735 email: connolly@ai.sri.com Abstract There is a close relationship between harmonic processes. The hitting probabilities for random walks can be cast as a Dirichlet problem for harmonic func

  11. HARMONIC TORI IN DE SITTER SPACES S2n EMMA CARBERRY, KATHARINE TURNER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sydney, University of

    HARMONIC TORI IN DE SITTER SPACES S2n 1 EMMA CARBERRY, KATHARINE TURNER Abstract. We show that all superconformal harmonic immersions from genus one surfaces into de Sitter spaces S2n 1 with globally defined harmonic sequence are of finite-type and hence result merely from solving a pair of ordinary differential

  12. Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak, Claus Leth

    Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active. (2015). Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active Mitigation Methods from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis

  13. Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA The second and fourth harmonics of low frequency electric field-optical modulation; liquid crystal; second and fourth harmonics 1. INTRODUCTION Nematic liquid crystal (LC) has been

  14. Exploration of Below-Threshold Harmonic Generation Mechanisms of Cesium Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    Chapter 13 Exploration of Below-Threshold Harmonic Generation Mechanisms of Cesium Atoms in Intense-perturbative quantum study of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) of Cesium atoms in intense mid-infrared laser pulses of harmonics in this intermediate energy regime [3­5]. Power et al. [3] performed the experiments with Cesium

  15. ANALYTIC MODEL OF HARMONIC GENERATION IN THE LOW-GAIN FEL REGIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    ANALYTIC MODEL OF HARMONIC GENERATION IN THE LOW-GAIN FEL REGIME G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J.S. Wurtele , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Harmonic generation using free electron lasers (FELs) requires with simulation results using the FEL code GENESIS, both for single stages of harmonic generation and for the LUX

  16. Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F investigation of 3D volumetric brain harmonic mapping. By transforming the full 3D brain volume to a solid harmonic map from a volumetric brain image to a 3D solid sphere and the second uses a sphere carving

  17. Circumventing the Curse of Dimensionality in Prediction: Causal Rate-Distortion for Infinite-Order Markov Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarah Marzen; James P. Crutchfield

    2014-12-09

    Predictive rate-distortion analysis suffers from the curse of dimensionality: clustering arbitrarily long pasts to retain information about arbitrarily long futures requires resources that typically grow exponentially with length. The challenge is compounded for infinite-order Markov processes, since conditioning on finite sequences cannot capture all of their past dependencies. Spectral arguments show that algorithms which cluster finite-length sequences fail dramatically when the underlying process has long-range temporal correlations and can fail even for processes generated by finite-memory hidden Markov models. We circumvent the curse of dimensionality in rate-distortion analysis of infinite-order processes by casting predictive rate-distortion objective functions in terms of the forward- and reverse-time causal states of computational mechanics. Examples demonstrate that the resulting causal rate-distortion theory substantially improves current predictive rate-distortion analyses.

  18. Resonant second harmonic generation of a Gaussian electromagnetic beam in a collisional magnetoplasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaur, Sukhdeep; Sharma, A. K. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India); Salih, Hyder A. [Department of Applied Sciences, University of Baghdad, Baghdad (Iraq)

    2009-04-15

    Second harmonic generation of a right circularly polarized Gaussian electromagnetic beam in a magnetized plasma is investigated. The beam causes Ohmic heating of electrons and subsequent redistribution of the plasma, leading to self-defocusing. The radial density gradient, in conjunction with the oscillatory electron velocity, produces density oscillation at the wave frequency. The density oscillation beats with the oscillatory velocity to produce second harmonic current density, giving rise to resonant second harmonic radiation when the wave frequency is one-third of electron cyclotron frequency. The second harmonic field has azimuthal dependence as exp(i{theta}). The self-defocusing causes a reduction in the efficiency of harmonic generation.

  19. U.S. Total Exports

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Cameron, LA LNG Exports from Kenai, AK LNG Exports from Freeport, TX LNG Exports...

  20. MUJERES ( * ) TOTAL BIOLOGA 18 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    DE PROFESORADO Y EDUCACI�N CIENCIAS ECON�MICAS Y EMPRESARIALES Nº de tesis leídas y aprobadas por centro y departamento en el año 2010 CENTRO DEPARTAMENTO Nº TESIS CIENCIAS #12;ANATOMÍA PATOL�GICA 0 1 Y DE LA EDUCACI�N 0 2 PSICOLOGÍA SOCIAL Y METODOLOGÍA 3 8 TOTAL PSICOLOGÍA 11 26 TOTAL TESIS LEIDAS

  1. Analysis of Symmetry in the Anterior Human Dentition and its Application in the Evaluation and Correction of Postural Distortion in the Photographic Recording of Human Bite Marks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aws, Ghassan

    Postural distortion of human bite marks on skin occurs when photographing a bite mark in a body position other than the position of the body at the time of biting. Postural distortion in the bite mark may introduce ...

  2. Total transmission and total reflection by zero index materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viet Cuong Nguyen; Lang Chen

    2010-07-01

    In this report, we achieved total transmission and reflection in a slab of zero index materials with defect(s). By controlling the defect's radius and dielectric constant, we can obtain total transmission and reflection of EM wave. The zero index materials, in this report, stand for materials with permittivity and permeability which are simultaneously equal to zero or so called matched impedance zero index materials. Along with theoretical calculations and simulation demonstrations, we also discuss about some possible applications for the proposed structure such as shielding or cloaking an object without restricting its view. We also suggest a way to control total transmission and reflection actively by using tunable refractive index materials such as liquid crystal and BST. The physics behind those phenomena is attributed to intrinsic properties of zero index materials: constant field inside zero index slab.

  3. Distortion-free magnetic resonance imaging in the zero-field limit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelso, Nathan; Lee, Seung-Kyun; Bouchard, Louis-S.; Demas, Vasiliki; Muck, Michael; Pines, Alexander; Clarke, John

    2009-07-09

    MRI is a powerful technique for clinical diagnosis and materials characterization. Images are acquired in a homogeneous static magnetic field much higher than the fields generated across the field of view by the spatially encoding field gradients. Without such a high field, the concomitant components of the field gradient dictated by Maxwell's equations lead to severe distortions that make imaging impossible with conventional MRI encoding. In this paper, we present a distortion-free image of a phantom acquired with a fundamentally different methodology in which the applied static field approaches zero. Our technique involves encoding with pulses of uniform and gradient field, and acquiring the magnetic field signals with a SQUID. The method can be extended to weak ambient fields, potentially enabling imaging in the Earth's field without cancellation coils or shielding. Other potential applications include quantum information processing and fundamental studies of long-range ferromagnetic interactions.

  4. Testing for dynamical dark energy models with redshift-space distortions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsujikawa, Shinji [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3, Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan); Felice, Antonio De [ThEP's CRL, NEP, The Institute for Fundamental Study, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000 (Thailand); Alcaniz, Jailson, E-mail: shinji@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp, E-mail: antoniod@nu.ac.th, E-mail: alcaniz@on.br [Departamento de Astronomia, Observatório Nacional, 20921-400 Rio de Janeiro - RJ (Brazil)

    2013-01-01

    The red-shift space distortions in the galaxy power spectrum can be used to measure the growth rate of matter density perturbations ?{sub m}. For dynamical dark energy models in General Relativity we provide a convenient analytic formula of f(z)?{sub 8}(z) written as a function of the redshift z, where f = dln ?{sub m}/dln a (a is the cosmological scale factor) and ?{sub 8} is the rms amplitude of over-density at the scale 8 h{sup ?1} Mpc. Our formula can be applied to the models of imperfect fluids, quintessence, and k-essence, provided that the dark energy equation of state w does not vary significantly and that the sound speed is not much smaller than 1. We also place observational constraints on dark energy models of constant w and tracking quintessence from the recent data of red-shift space distortions.

  5. BPM Button Optimization to Minimize Distortion Due to Trapped Mode Heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron,P.; Blednyk, A.; Kosciuk, B.; Pinayev, I.; Ravindranath, I.; Singh, O

    2009-05-04

    The outer circumference of a BPM button and the inner circumference of the button housing comprise a transmission line. This transmission line typically presents an impedance of a few tens of ohms to the beam, and couples very weakly to the 50 ohm coaxial transmission line that comprises the signal path out of the button. The modes which are consequently excited and trapped often have quality factors of several hundred, permitting resonant excitation by the beam. The thermal distortion resulting from trapped mode heating is potentially problematic for achieving the high precision beam position measurements needed to provide the sub-micron beam position stability required by light source users. We present a button design that has been optimized via material selection and component geometry to minimize both the trapped mode heating and the resulting thermal distortion.

  6. A new reversal mode in exchange coupled antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic disks: distorted viscous vortex

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gilbert, Dustin A.; Ye, Li; Varea, Aïda; Agramunt-Puig, Sebastià; del Valle, Nuria; Navau, Carles; López-Barbera, José Francisco; Buchanan, Kristen S.; Hoffmann, Axel; Sánchez, Alvar; et al

    2015-04-28

    Magnetic vortices have generated intense interest in recent years due to their unique reversal mechanisms, fascinating topological properties, and exciting potential applications. In addition, the exchange coupling of magnetic vortices to antiferromagnets has also been shown to lead to a range of novel phenomena and functionalities. Here we report a new magnetization reversal mode of magnetic vortices in exchange coupled Ir20Mn80/Fe20Ni80 microdots: distorted viscous vortex reversal. In contrast to the previously known or proposed reversal modes, the vortex is distorted close to the interface and viscously dragged due to the uncompensated spins of a thin antiferromagnet, which leads to unexpectedmore »asymmetries in the annihilation and nucleation fields. These results provide a deeper understanding of the physics of exchange coupled vortices and may also have important implications for applications involving exchange coupled nanostructures.« less

  7. Distortions of Experimental Muon Arrival Time Distributions of Extensive Air Showers by the Observation Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Haeusler; A. F. Badea; H. Rebel; I. M. Brancus; J. Oehlschlaeger

    2001-10-17

    Event-by-event measured arrival time distributions of Extensive Air Shower (EAS) muons are affected and distorted by various interrelated effects which originate from the time resolution of the timing detectors, from fluctuations of the reference time and the number (multiplicity) of detected muons spanning the arrival time distribution of the individual EAS events. The origin of these effects is discussed, and different correction procedures, which involve detailed simulations, are proposed and illustrated. The discussed distortions are relevant for relatively small observation distances (R < 200 m) from the EAS core. Their significance decreases with increasing observation distance and increasing primary energies. Local arrival time distributions which refer to the observed arrival time of the first local muon prove to be less sensitive to the mass of the primary. This feature points to the necessity of arrival time measurements with additional information on the curvature of the EAS disk.

  8. Attendees: John Cymbalsky, Equipment and Appliance Standards...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the input power quality of the LED Driver satisfied strict power factor and total harmonic distortion requirements. The second stage provides power to the LED light engine in a...

  9. Spectroscopic manifestations of local crystal distortions in excited 4f states in crystals of huntite structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malakhovskii, A. V.; Gnatchenko, S. L.; Kachur, I. S.; Piryatinskaya, V. G.; Sukhachev, A. L.; Sokolov, A. E.; Strokova, A. Ya.; Kartashev, A. V.; Temerov, V. L.

    2013-01-15

    Optical absorption spectra of YbAl{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4}, TmAl{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} and TbFe{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} trigonal crystals have been studied in temperature range 2-300 K. Temperature behavior of absorption lines parameters has shown, that during some f-f transitions the local environment of rare earth ions undergo distortions, which are absent in the ground state.

  10. Lattice distortions and oxygen vacancies produced in Au+ irradiated nano-crystalline cubic zirconia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edmondson, Philip D; Weber, William J; Namavar, Fereydoon; Zhang, Yanwen

    2011-01-01

    The structural impact of oxygen vacancies in nanocrystalline cubic zirconia is investigated. A non-equilibrium number of oxygen vacancies in introduced to the lattice by ion irradiation. The lattice is observed to be initially compressed, undergoes a relaxation at 0.7 displacements per atom (dpa), and experiences a contraction before reaching a temperature dependent steady state value at above 7 dpa. The level of lattice distortion is related to the charge state of the accumulating oxygen vacancies.

  11. Higher harmonics generation in relativistic electron beam with virtual cathode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurkin, S. A., E-mail: KurkinSA@gmail.com; Badarin, A. A.; Koronovskii, A. A.; Hramov, A. E. [Saratov State Technical University, Politechnicheskaja 77, Saratov 410028, Russia and Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaja 83, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation)

    2014-09-15

    The study of the microwave generation regimes with intense higher harmonics taking place in a high-power vircator consisting of a relativistic electron beam with a virtual cathode has been made. The characteristics of these regimes, in particular, the typical spectra and their variations with the change of the system parameters (beam current, the induction of external magnetic field) as well as physical processes occurring in the system have been analyzed by means of 3D electromagnetic simulation. It has been shown that the system under study demonstrates the tendency to the sufficient growth of the amplitudes of higher harmonics in the spectrum of current oscillations in the VC region with the increase of beam current. The obtained results allow us to consider virtual cathode oscillators as promising high power mmw-to-THz sources.

  12. Freely floating structures trapping time-harmonic water waves (revisited)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolay Kuznetsov; Oleg Motygin

    2014-10-22

    We study the coupled small-amplitude motion of the mechanical system consisting of infinitely deep water and a structure immersed in it. The former is bounded above by a free surface, whereas the latter is formed by an arbitrary finite number of surface-piercing bodies floating freely. The mathematical model of time-harmonic motion is a spectral problem in which the frequency of oscillations serves as the spectral parameter. It is proved that there exist axisymmetric structures consisting of $N \\geq 2$ bodies; every structure has the following properties: (i) a time-harmonic wave mode is trapped by it; (ii) some of its bodies (may be none) are motionless, whereas the rest of the bodies (may be none) are heaving at the same frequency as water. The construction of these structures is based on a generalization of the semi-inverse procedure applied earlier for obtaining trapping bodies that are motionless although float freely.

  13. All-Optical Field-Induced Second-Harmonic Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Roderick B; Ziegler, Jed I; Avanesyan, Sergey M; Lawrie, Ben J; Haglund, Richard F

    2015-01-01

    Efficient frequency modulation techniques are crucial to the development of plasmonic metasurfaces for information processing and energy conversion. Nanoscale electric-field confinement in optically pumped plasmonic structures enables stronger nonlinear susceptibilities than are attainable in bulk materials. The interaction of three distinct electric fields in (chi)^3 optical processes allows for all-optical modulation of nonlinear signals. Here we demonstrate effcient third-order second harmonic generation (SHG) in a serrated nanogap plasmonic geometry that generates steep electric field gradients within a dielectric material. We utilize an ultrafast optical pump to control the plasmonically induced electric-fields and to generate bandwidth-limited ultrafast second-harmonic pulses driven by the control pulses. The combination of plasmonic metasurfaces with all-optical control and the freedom to choose the dielectric allow multiple generalizations of this concept and geometry to other four-wave mixing process...

  14. Oncotripsy: Targeting cancer cells selectively via resonant harmonic excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heyden, Stefanie

    2015-01-01

    We investigate a method of selectively targeting cancer cells by means of ultrasound harmonic excitation at their resonance frequency, which we refer to as oncotripsy. The geometric model of the cells takes into account the cytoplasm, nucleus and nucleolus, as well as the plasma membrane and nuclear envelope. Material properties are varied within a pathophysiologically-relevant range. A first modal analysis reveals the existence of a spectral gap between the natural frequencies and, most importantly, resonant growth rates of healthy and cancerous cells. The results of the modal analysis are verified by simulating the fully-nonlinear transient response of healthy and cancerous cells at resonance. The fully nonlinear analysis confirms that cancerous cells can be selectively taken to lysis by the application of carefully tuned ultrasound harmonic excitation while simultaneously leaving healthy cells intact.

  15. High harmonic generation in hydrogen and helium atoms subject to one{ and two{color laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, E.K.U.

    High harmonic generation in hydrogen and helium atoms subject to one{ and two{color laser pulses Surzburg Germany Abstract. We present simulations of harmonic generation in hydrogen and helium solving for the generation of intense high{order harmonics are discussed. 1. Introduction Since the discovery of harmonic

  16. Bounds on QCD axion mass and primordial magnetic field from CMB $?$-distortion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damian Ejlli

    2015-08-19

    The oscillation of the CMB photons into axions can cause CMB spectral distortion in the presence of large scale magnetic field. With the COBE limit on the $\\mu$ parameter and a homogeneous magnetic field with strength $B\\lesssim 3.2$ nG at the horizon scale, an upper limit on the axion mass is found to be, $m_a\\lesssim 4.8\\times 10^{-5}$ eV for the KSVZ axion model. On the other hand, using the value of excluded axion mass $m_a\\simeq 3.5\\times 10^{-6}$ eV from the ADMX experiment together with the COBE bound on $\\mu$, is found $B\\simeq 46$ nG for the KSVZ axion model and $B\\simeq 130$ nG for DFSZ axion model, for a homogeneous magnetic field with coherence length at the present epoch $\\lambda_B\\simeq 1.3$ Mpc. Forecast on $B$ and $m_a$ for PIXIE/PRISM expected sensitivity on $\\mu$ are derived. If CMB $\\mu$ distortion would be detected by the future space missions PIXIE/PRISM and assuming that the strength of the large scale magnetic field is close to its canonical value, $B\\simeq 1-3$ nG, axions in the mass range $2\\, \\mu$eV - $3\\, \\mu$eV would be potential candidates of CMB $\\mu$-distortion.

  17. Transverse distortion of a relativistic composite system in impact parameter space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narinder Kumar; Harleen Dahiya

    2015-02-04

    We investigate the Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) in impact parameter space using the explicit light front wave functions (LFWFs) for the two-particle Fock state of the electron in QED. The Fourier transform (FT) of the GPDs gives the distribution of quarks in the transverse plane for zero longitudinal momentum transfer ($\\xi=0$). We study the relationship of the spin flip GPD $E(x,0,-\\vec{\\Delta}_\\perp^2)$ with the distortion of unpolarized quark distribution in the transverse plane when the target nucleon is transversely polarized and also determine the sign of distortion from the sign of anomalous magnetic moment. To verify the sign of distortion, we also compute it directly from the LFWFs by performing a FT in position space coordinate $\\vec{f}_\\perp$. The explicit relation between the deformation in the two spaces can also be obtained using the convolution integrals. To show the relation of the model LFWFs to a realistic model of nucleon physics, we have designed a specific weight function of our model LFWFs and integrated it over the mass parameter. Also we have simulated the form factor of the nucleon in the AdS/QCD holographic LFWFs model and studied the power-law behaviour at short distances.

  18. Bounds on QCD axion mass and primordial magnetic field from CMB $?$-distortion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damian Ejlli

    2014-11-19

    The oscillation of the CMB photons into axions can cause CMB spectral distortion in the presence of large scale magnetic field. With the COBE limit on the $\\mu$ parameter and a homogeneous magnetic field with strength $B\\lesssim 3.2$ nG at the horizon scale, stronger lower limit on the axion mass in comparison with the limit of the ADMX experiment is found to be, $4.8\\times 10^{-5}$ eV $\\lesssim m_a$ for the KSVZ axion model. On the other hand, using the experimental limit on the axion mass $3.5\\times 10^{-6}$ eV $\\lesssim m_a$ from the ADMX experiment together with the COBE bound on $\\mu$, is found $B\\lesssim 53$ nG for the KSVZ axion model and $B\\lesssim 141$ nG for DFSZ axion model, for a homogeneous magnetic field with coherence length at the present epoch $\\lambda_B\\sim 1.3$ Mpc. Limits on $B$ and $m_a$ for PIXIE/PRISM expected sensitivity on $\\mu$ are derived. If CMB $\\mu$ distortion would be detected by the future space missions PIXIE/PRISM and assuming that the strength of the large scale magnetic field is close to its canonical value, $B\\sim 1-3$ nG, axions in the mass range $2\\, \\mu$eV - $3\\, \\mu$eV would be potential candidates of CMB $\\mu$-distortion.

  19. Harmonic oscillator in a one-dimensional box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Amore; Francisco M. Fernandez

    2009-07-31

    We study a harmonic molecule confined to a one--dimensional box with impenetrable walls. We explicitly consider the symmetry of the problem for the cases of different and equal masses. We propose suitable variational functions and compare the approximate energies given by the variation method and perturbation theory with accurate numerical ones for a wide range of values of the box length. We analyze the limits of small and large box size.

  20. Measuring non-linear functionals of quantum harmonic oscillator states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. L. Pregnell

    2005-11-01

    Using only linear interactions and a local parity measurement we show how entanglement can be detected between two harmonic oscillators. The scheme generalizes to measure both linear and non-linear functionals of an arbitrary oscillator state. This leads to many applications including purity tests, eigenvalue estimation, entropy and distance measures - all without the need for non-linear interactions or complete state reconstruction. Remarkably, experimental realization of the proposed scheme is already within the reach of current technology with linear optics.

  1. Using Coupled Harmonic Oscillators to Model Some Greenhouse Gas Molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Go, Clark Kendrick C.; Maquiling, Joel T.

    2010-07-28

    Common greenhouse gas molecules SF{sub 6}, NO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and CO{sub 2} are modeled as harmonic oscillators whose potential and kinetic energies are derived. Using the Euler-Lagrange equation, their equations of motion are derived and their phase portraits are plotted. The authors use these data to attempt to explain the lifespan of these gases in the atmosphere.

  2. Theory of the strongly-damped quantum harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen M. Barnett; James D. Cresser; Sarah Croke

    2015-08-10

    We analyse the properties of a strongly-damped quantum harmonic oscillator by means of an exact diagonalisation of the full Hamiltonian, including both the oscillator and the reservoir degrees of freedom to which it is coupled. Many of the properties of the oscillator, including its steady-state properties and entanglement with the reservoir can be understood and quantified in terms of a simple probability density, which we may associate with the ground-state frequency spectrum of the oscillator.

  3. Vacuum high harmonic generation in the shock regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Böhl, P; Ruhl, H

    2015-01-01

    Electrodynamics becomes nonlinear and permits the self-interaction of fields when the quantised nature of vacuum states is taken into account. The effect on a plane probe pulse propagating through a stronger constant crossed background is calculated using numerical simulation and by analytically solving the corresponding wave equation. The electromagnetic shock resulting from vacuum high harmonic generation is investigated and a nonlinear shock parameter identified.

  4. Harmonizing Technological Innovation and End-of-Life Strategy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing ProgramsDepartment of EnergyEnergy Harmonization

  5. Nonlinear Power Spectral Densities for the Harmonic Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. D. Hauer; J. Maciejko; J. P. Davis

    2015-06-13

    In this paper, we discuss a general procedure by which nonlinear power spectral densities (PSDs) of the harmonic oscillator can be calculated in both the quantum and classical regimes. We begin with an introduction of the damped and undamped classical harmonic oscillator, followed by an overview of the quantum mechanical description of this system. A brief review of both the classical and quantum autocorrelation functions (ACFs) and PSDs follow. We then introduce a general method by which the kth-order PSD for the harmonic oscillator can be calculated, where $k$ is any positive integer. This formulation is verified by first reproducing the known results for the $k = 1$ case of the linear PSD. It is then extended to calculate the second-order PSD, useful in the field of quantum measurement, corresponding to the $k = 2$ case of the generalized method. In this process, damping is included into each of the quantum linear and quadratic PSDs, producing realistic models for the PSDs found in experiment. These quantum PSDs are shown to obey the correspondence principle by matching with what was calculated for their classical counterparts in the high temperature, high-Q limit. Finally, we demonstrate that our results can be reproduced using the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, providing an independent check of our resultant PSDs.

  6. Single-shot fluctuations in waveguided high-harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goh, S J; van der Slot, P J M; Bastiaens, H J M; Herek, J; Biedron, S G; Danailov, M B; Milton, S V; Boller, K -J

    2015-01-01

    For exploring the application potential of coherent soft x-ray (SXR) and extreme ultraviolet radiation (XUV) provided by high-harmonic generation, it is important to characterize the central output parameters. Of specific importance are pulse-to-pulse (shot-to-shot) fluctuations of the high-harmonic output energy, fluctuations of the direction of the emission (pointing instabilities), and fluctuations of the beam divergence and shape that reduce the spatial coherence. We present the first single-shot measurements of waveguided high-harmonic generation in a waveguided (capillary-based) geometry. Using a capillary waveguide filled with Argon gas as the nonlinear medium, we provide the first characterization of shot-to-shot fluctuations of the pulse energy, of the divergence and of the beam pointing. We record the strength of these fluctuations vs. two basic input parameters, which are the drive laser pulse energy and the gas pressure in the capillary waveguide. In correlation measurements between single-shot dr...

  7. Advances in total scattering analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Proffen, Thomas E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kim, Hyunjeong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the analysis of the total scattering pattern has become an invaluable tool to study disordered crystalline and nanocrystalline materials. Traditional crystallographic structure determination is based on Bragg intensities and yields the long range average atomic structure. By including diffuse scattering into the analysis, the local and medium range atomic structure can be unravelled. Here we give an overview of recent experimental advances, using X-rays as well as neutron scattering as well as current trends in modelling of total scattering data.

  8. TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello Cervigni Dominic Moran Centre for Social and SEDESOL for their assistance whilst in Mexico, and David Pearce and Kerry Turner for comments on earlier

  9. Design and analysis of a scanning beam interference lithography system for patterning gratings with nanometer-level distortions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konkola, Paul Thomas, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and analysis of a system for patterning large-area gratings with nanometer level phase distortions. The novel patterning method, termed scanning beam interference lithography (SBIL), uses ...

  10. Frank Masci (1)MIPS D/L Review (S6), August 7, 2001 Optical Distortion and its Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    to represent distortion in FITS headers: ¤ We will adopt the "TNX" representation for now which was initiated by the IAU. An example is the PV-system proposed by Calabretta & Greisen (2000), similar to that used in DSS

  11. Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Gaozhong; Zhang, Saifeng, E-mail: sfzhang@siom.ac.cn, E-mail: jwang@siom.ac.cn; Cheng, Xin; Dong, Ningning; Zhang, Long; Wang, Jun, E-mail: sfzhang@siom.ac.cn, E-mail: jwang@siom.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Materials for High-Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Umran, Fadhil A. [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Institute of Laser for Post Graduate Studies, Baghdad University, Baghdad (Iraq); Coghlan, Darragh; Blau, Werner J. [Key Laboratory of Materials for High-Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); School of Physics and the Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Cheng, Ya [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2014-04-07

    Spatial self-phase modulation (SSPM) was observed directly when a focused He-Ne laser beam at 633?nm went through liquid-phase-exfoliated graphene dispersions. The diffraction pattern of SSPM was found to be distorted rapidly right after the incident beam horizontally passing through the dispersions, while no distortion for the vertically incident geometry. We show that the distortion is originated mainly from the non-axis-symmetrical thermal convections of the graphene nanosheets induced by laser heating, and the relative change of nonlinear refractive index can be determined by the ratio of the distortion angle to the half-cone angle. Therefore, the effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions can be tuned by changing the incident intensity and the temperature of the dispersions.

  12. Conduction-Band-Offset Rule Governing J-V Distortion in CdS/CI(G)S Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sites, James R.

    Conduction-Band-Offset Rule Governing J-V Distortion in CdS/CI(G)S Solar Cells A. Kanevce, MV at the n/p interface of a solar cell can lead to significant distortion of the current-voltage (J-V) curve-layer [TCO/CdS/CI(G)S] approximation for the solar cell. The parameters that influence the barrier height

  13. MUJERES ( * ) TOTAL BIOLOGA 10 19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    mujeres que han leído tesis en la UAM en el año 2007 Fuente: Centro de Posgrado de la UAM, a 31 de Diciembre de 2007 FILOSOFÍA Y LETRAS MEDICINA PSICOLOGÍA TOTAL TESIS LEIDAS Y APROBADAS EN EL A�O 2007 EN LA UAM CIENCIAS CIENCIAS ECON�MICAS Y EMPRESARIALES DERECHO ESCUELA POLIT�CNICA SUPERIOR Nº de tesis

  14. Total Energy Outcome City Pilot

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavings forTitle XVIIof EnergyofTotal Energy

  15. Harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative quantum phase-space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Ben Geloun; Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Frederik G Scholtz

    2009-01-22

    We solve explicitly the two-dimensional harmonic oscillator and the harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative phase-space without making use of any type of representation. A key observation that we make is that for a specific choice of the noncommutative parameters, the time reversal symmetry of the systems get restored since the energy spectrum becomes degenerate. This is in contrast to the noncommutative configuration space where the time reversal symmetry of the harmonic oscillator is always broken.

  16. Numerical studies of third-harmonic generation in laser filament in air perturbed by plasma spot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng Liubin; Lu Xin; Liu Xiaolong; Li Yutong; Chen Liming; Ma Jinglong; Dong Quanli; Wang Weimin; Xi Tingting; Sheng Zhengming; Zhang Jie; He Duanwei

    2012-07-15

    Third-harmonic emission from laser filament intercepted by plasma spot is studied by numerical simulations. Significant enhancement of the third-harmonic generation is obtained due to the disturbance of the additional plasma. The contribution of the pure plasma effect and the possible plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility on the third-harmonic generation enhancement are compared. It is shown that the plasma induced cancellation of destructive interference [Y. Liu et al., Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011)] of two-colored filament is the dominant mechanism of the enhancement of third-harmonic generation.

  17. Size dependence of cubic to trigonal structural distortion in silver micro- and nanocrystals under high pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Qixum [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhao, Yusheng [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zin, Zhijun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Zhongwu [CORNELL UNIV; Skrabalak, Sara E [INDIANA UNIV; Xia, Younan [WASHINGTON UNIV

    2008-01-01

    Silver micro- and nanocrystals with sizes of {approx}2--3.5 {mu}m and {approx}50--100 nm were uniaxially compressed under nonhydrostatic pressures (strong deviatoric stress) up to {approx}30 GPa at room temperature in a symmetric diamond-anvil cell and studied in situ using angle-dispersive synchrotron X-ray diffraction. A cubic to trigonal structural distortion along a 3-fold rotational axis was discovered by careful and comprehensive analysis of the apparent lattice parameter and full width at half-maximum, which are strongly dependent upon the Miller index and crystal size.

  18. Behavior of Turbulent Structures within a Mach 5 Mechanically Distorted Boundary Layer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, Scott Jacob

    2013-08-05

    stream_source_info PELTIER-DISSERTATION-2013.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 560918 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name PELTIER-DISSERTATION-2013.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...-1 BEHAVIOR OF TURBULENT STRUCTURES WITHIN A MACH 5 MECHANICALLY DISTORTED BOUNDARY LAYER A Dissertation by SCOTT JACOB PELTIER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  19. High Average Power Laser Gain Medium With Low Optical Distortion Using A Transverse Flowing Liquid Host

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Comaskey, Brian J. (Walnut Creek, CA); Ault, Earl R. (Livermore, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

    2005-07-05

    A high average power, low optical distortion laser gain media is based on a flowing liquid media. A diode laser pumping device with tailored irradiance excites the laser active atom, ion or molecule within the liquid media. A laser active component of the liquid media exhibits energy storage times longer than or comparable to the thermal optical response time of the liquid. A circulation system that provides a closed loop for mixing and circulating the lasing liquid into and out of the optical cavity includes a pump, a diffuser, and a heat exchanger. A liquid flow gain cell includes flow straighteners and flow channel compression.

  20. Harmonic coordinates in the string and membrane equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chun-Lei He; Shou-Jun Huang

    2010-04-16

    In this note, we first show that the solutions to Cauchy problems for two versions of relativistic string and membrane equations are diffeomorphic. Then we investigate the coordinates transformation presented in Ref. [9] (see (2.20) in Ref. [9]) which plays an important role in the study on the dynamics of the motion of string in Minkowski space. This kind of transformed coordinates are harmonic coordinates, and the nonlinear relativistic string equations can be straightforwardly simplified into linear wave equations under this transformation.

  1. Temperature-insensitive phase-matched optical harmonic conversion crystal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barker, C.E.; Eimerl, D.; Velsko, S.P.; Roberts, D.

    1993-11-23

    Temperature-insensitive, phase-matched harmonic frequency conversion of laser light at a preferred wavelength of 1.064 microns can be achieved by use of a crystal of deuterated l-arginine phosphate. The crystal is cut and oriented so that the laser light propagates inside the crystal along one of several required directions, which correspond to a temperature-insensitive, phase-matching locus. The method of measuring and calculating the temperature-insensitive, phase-matching angles can be extended to other fundamental wavelengths and other crystal compositions. 12 figures.

  2. On the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Stovicek; M. Tusek

    2007-09-24

    We introduce the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane with the aid of the potential $V(r)=(a^2\\omega^2/4)sinh(r/a)^2$ where $a$ is the curvature radius and $r$ is the geodesic distance from a fixed center. Thus the potential is rotationally symmetric and unbounded likewise as in the Euclidean case. The eigenvalue equation leads to the differential equation of spheroidal functions. We provide a basic numerical analysis of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions in the case when the value of the angular momentum, $m$, equals 0.

  3. Harmonic Initial-Boundary Evolution in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maria C. Babiuc; Bela Szilagyi; Jeffrey Winicour

    2006-03-14

    Computational techniques which establish the stability of an evolution-boundary algorithm for a model wave equation with shift are incorporated into a well-posed version of the initial-boundary value problem for gravitational theory in harmonic coordinates. The resulting algorithm is implemented as a 3-dimensional numerical code which we demonstrate to provide stable, convergent Cauchy evolution in gauge wave and shifted gauge wave testbeds. Code performance is compared for Dirichlet, Neumann and Sommerfeld boundary conditions and for boundary conditions which explicitly incorporate constraint preservation. The results are used to assess strategies for obtaining physically realistic boundary data by means of Cauchy-characteristic matching.

  4. Generalized energy equipartition in harmonic oscillators driven by active baths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claudio Maggi; Matteo Paoluzzi; Nicola Pellicciotta; Alessia Lepore; Luca Angelani; Roberto Di Leonardo

    2015-06-26

    We study experimentally and numerically the dynamics of colloidal beads confined by a harmonic potential in a bath of swimming E. coli bacteria. The resulting dynamics is well approximated by a Langevin equation for an overdamped oscillator driven by the combination of a white thermal noise and an exponentially correlated active noise. This scenario leads to a simple generalization of the equipartition theorem resulting in the coexistence of two different effective temperatures that govern dynamics along the flat and the curved directions in the potential landscape.

  5. Quantum Energy Teleportation with a Linear Harmonic Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasusada Nambu; Masahiro Hotta

    2010-10-14

    A protocol of quantum energy teleportation is proposed for a one-dimensional harmonic chain. A coherent-state POVM measurement is performed to coupled oscillators of the chain in the ground state accompanied by energy infusion to the system. This measurement consumes a part of ground state entanglement. Depending on the measurement result, a displacement operation is performed on a distant oscillator accompanied by energy extraction from the zero-point fluctuation of the oscillator. We find that the amount of consumed entanglement is bounded from below by a positive value that is proportional to the amount of teleported energy.

  6. Background and Reflections on the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Despite the ever-growing body of life cycle assessment literature on electricity generation technologies, inconsistent methods and assumptions hamper comparison across studies and pooling of published results. Synthesis of the body of previous research is necessary to generate robust results to assess and compare environmental performance of different energy technologies for the benefit of policy makers, managers, investors, and citizens. With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory initiated the LCA Harmonization Project in an effort to rigorously leverage the numerous individual studies to develop collective insights.

  7. A theoretical basis for the Harmonic Balance Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Saldaña, Johanna D

    2012-01-01

    The Harmonic Balance method provides a heuristic approach for finding truncated Fourier series as an approximation to the periodic solutions of ordinary differential equations. Another natural way for obtaining these type of approximations consists in applying numerical methods. In this paper we recover the pioneering results of Stokes and Urabe that provide a theoretical basis for proving that near these truncated series, whatever is the way they have been obtained, there are actual periodic solutions of the equation. We will restrict our attention to one-dimensional non-autonomous ordinary differential equations and we apply the results obtained to a couple of concrete examples coming from planar autonomous systems.

  8. Thermal conductivity in harmonic lattices with random collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giada Basile; Cédric Bernardin; Milton Jara; Tomasz Komorowski; Stefano Olla

    2015-09-08

    We review recent rigorous mathematical results about the macroscopic behaviour of harmonic chains with the dynamics perturbed by a random exchange of velocities between nearest neighbor particles. The random exchange models the effects of nonlinearities of anharmonic chains and the resulting dynamics have similar macroscopic behaviour. In particular there is a superdiffusion of energy for unpinned acoustic chains. The corresponding evolution of the temperature profile is governed by a fractional heat equation. In non-acoustic chains we have normal diffusivity, even if momentum is conserved.

  9. Can Classical Linear Harmonic Oscillator Hold Chaotic (Fractal) Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladan Pankovi?

    2009-08-16

    In this work a classical linear harmonic oscillator, evolving during a small time interval (so that simple non-linear, second order Taylor approximation of the dynamics is satisfied) and restarting (by a mechanism) in a strictly chosen series of the time moments, is considered. It is shown that given linear oscillator behaves dynamically analogously to discrete logistic equation, which, as an especial case, includes chaotic (fractal) behaviour too. (All this refers too on the analogous quantum systems, e.g. ammonia molecule with simple vibration dynamics of the atoms many times perturbed by measurements in strictly defined time moments.

  10. A non-conforming 3D spherical harmonic transport solver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Criekingen, S.

    2006-07-01

    A new 3D transport solver for the time-independent Boltzmann transport equation has been developed. This solver is based on the second-order even-parity form of the transport equation. The angular discretization is performed through the expansion of the angular neutron flux in spherical harmonics (PN method). The novelty of this solver is the use of non-conforming finite elements for the spatial discretization. Such elements lead to a discontinuous flux approximation. This interface continuity requirement relaxation property is shared with mixed-dual formulations such as the ones based on Raviart-Thomas finite elements. Encouraging numerical results are presented. (authors)

  11. Harmonization of Federal and International Regulations | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing ProgramsDepartment of EnergyEnergy Harmonization of

  12. TotalView Training 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnologyTel:FebruaryEIA's Today8Topo II: AnUsersTotalView

  13. Total Adjusted Sales of Kerosene

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths30,2,8, 2015End Use: Total

  14. Total Imports of Residual Fuel

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths30,2,8,Product: Total CrudeMay-15

  15. Welding Induced Alignment Distortion in Dual-in-Line LD Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wenning N.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Shi, Frank G.

    2007-11-11

    The tolerance for the movement of a single mode fiber relative to the laser is extremely tight, a submicron movement can often lead to a significant misalignment and thus the reduction in the power coupled into the fiber. Among various fiber pigtailing assembly technologies, pulsed laser welding is the method with submicron accuracy and is most conducive to automation. However, the melting-solidification process during laser welding can often distort the pre-achieved fiber-optic alignment. This Welding-Induced-Alignment-Distortion (WIAD) is a serious concern and significantly affects the yield for single mode fiber pigtailing to a semiconductor laser. In this paper, effect of laser welding sequence on WIAD in a dual-in-line packager is numerically investigated by means of Finite Element Method (FEM). Optimal welding sequence may minimize WIAD in dual-in-line package. Additionally, unsymmetrical space between fiber and U-channel induced by laser welding of U-channel–to-plate in DIP LD packages is found to have obvious effect on WIAD.

  16. Sheath-induced distortions in particle distributions near enhanced polar outflow probe particle sensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussain, S. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E1 (Canada); Theoretical Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Marchand, R. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2E1 Alberta (Canada)

    2014-07-15

    We discuss sheath and kinetic effects on ion and electron distribution functions at the aperture of enhanced Polar Outflow Probe particle sensors. For this purpose, the interaction between the CASSIOPE spacecraft and space environment is simulated fully kinetically using the electrostatic Particle In Cell code PTetra. The simulations account for the geometry of the main features of the spacecraft body, the booms, and the sensors. In addition to the background plasma, the model also accounts for Earth magnetic field. The plasma parameters assumed in the simulations are obtained from the latest version of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) model and the value of magnetic field is obtained from the International Geophysical Reference Field model. Our analysis shows significant distortions in the ion distribution function in the plane of the sensor aperture, as well as in the direction along the boom holding the sensor. We argue that significant distortions and asymmetries should also occur at the aperture of the suprathermal electron imager when suprathermal electrons are detected, with energies of 5?eV or more.

  17. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 1,602 1,397...

  18. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Consumption Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  19. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings ... 2,037...

  20. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 1,870 1,276...