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1

IPR Modeling for Coning Wells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In this study, based on the work of Vogel, we generated the Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) curves and its dimensionless form at any stageÖ (more)

Astutik, Wynda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-funded Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-funded Technologiesrespectively. Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-fundedintellectual property rights (IPRs) protection. Although the

Sathaye, Jayant A.; Holt, Elmer C.; De La Rue du Can, Stephane

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions for Collaborative Research Projects (IPR Conditions) I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES These rules should promote the protection guarantee the protection of the participants' intellectual assets. These IPR Conditions establish rules

De Cindio, Fiorella

4

IPR: Automated Interaction Process Reconciliation Zongxia Du1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR: Automated Interaction Process Reconciliation Zongxia Du1 , Jinpeng Huai1 , Yunhao Liu2 reconciliation algorithm, called IPR (Interaction Process Reconciliation) based on Petri Net, which is able a prototype IPR server in our lab, and evaluate our design by comprehensive experiments. Results show that IPR

Liu, Yunhao

5

IPR and Development in a Knowledge Economy: An Overview of Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR and Development in a Knowledge Economy: An Overview ofintellectual property rights (IPR) have been of specialage protections, current IPR regimes seem to stifle rather

Liu, Yiming

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Innovation on the seed market: The role of IPRs and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EA 4272 Innovation on the seed market: The role of IPRs and commercialisation rules Adrien Hervouet,version1-3Sep2014 #12;Innovation on the seed market: the role of IPRs and commercialisation rules Baudry as IPRs and either compulsory registration or minimum standards as commercialisation rules. The main

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

7

Dichtefunktionaluntersuchungen zur Reaktivitšt von non-IPR-Fullerenen.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Kleine Fullerene stellen ein wichtiges Teilgebiet der Forschung an nanostrukturierten Kohlenstoffmaterialien dar. Sie sind jedoch sehr reaktiv, da sie die Regel der isolierten FŁnfringe (IPR)Ö (more)

Bihlmeier, Angela

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Text S1. Relationship between dierent forms of Ipred Our definition of Ipred as the shared entropy between sensor variables at time t and actuator variables at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Text S1. Relationship between dierent forms of Ipred Our definition of Ipred as the shared entropy are updated, but are otherwise directly comparable. Bialek et al. [35] define Ipred as the shared entropy with the Markov property reduces to Ipred = I(Xt : Xt+1) , (S1) which is the shared Shannon entropy between

Koch, Christof

9

2014 Semester one IPRS Special Application Form 2014 Semester one International Postgraduate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 Semester one IPRS Special Application Form 2014 Semester one International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) Information and Special Application Form This 2014 Semester one International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) Information and Special Application Form is intended for international

Viglas, Anastasios

10

2014 Semester two IPRS Special Application Form 2014 Semester two International Postgraduate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 Semester two IPRS Special Application Form 2014 Semester two International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) Information and Special Application Form This 2014 Semester two International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) Information and Special Application Form is intended for international

Viglas, Anastasios

11

European IPR Helpdesk IP Management in Horizon 2020: at the proposal stage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European IPR Helpdesk European IPR Helpdesk Fact Sheet IP Management in Horizon 2020: at the proposal stage The European IPR Helpdesk is managed by the European Commission's Executive Agency for Small

Robbiano, Lorenzo

12

Property:Tot cons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellhead Jump to:Technology ReadinessTimePeriod JumpTot cons

13

China‚s Response to the Global IPR Regime: Resistance, Compromise or Compliance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??China‚s behavior towards the intellectual property rights (IPR) regime is a reflection of the tug-of-war between regime and national interest. IPR, a concept foreign toÖ (more)

Liao, Chia-yueh

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Marketing (Gsemna) Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF Suez Energy Marketing (Gsemna) Application from IPR-GDF SUEZ (GSEMNA) to export...

15

IPR Seminar Practical Aspects of Non-uniform Sampling in Multi-dimensional NMR Spectroscopy and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 IPR Seminar Practical Aspects of Non-uniform Sampling in Multi-dimensional NMR Spectroscopy 13:20~13:50 Kohsuke Inomata (RIKEN) 13:50~14:20 Yoh Matsuki Osaka University, IPR 14:20~14:35 Koh

Takahashi, Ryo

16

Does knowledge tradeability make secrecy more attractive than patent? An analysis of IPR strategies and licensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does knowledge tradeability make secrecy more attractive than patent? An analysis of IPR strategies Intellectual property rights (IPR), particularly patents, play an important role to secure firms' return (IP) protections). More broadly, the current debate surrounding IPR does not only question the use

17

Quantification of Nanoscale Density Fluctuations in Biological Cells/Tissues: Inverse Participation Ratio (IPR) Analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ratio (IPR) Analysis of Transmission Electron Microscopy Images and Implications for Early-Stage Cancer analysis of the inverse participation ratio (IPR) of the eigenfunctions of these optical lattices at the nanoscales. First, the IPR analysis is validated in experiments with models of disordered systems fabricated

Pradhan, Prabhakar

18

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu Cadence Design Systems, Inc issue. We call the proposed algorithm for routing congestion minimization IPR (Integrated Placement to integrate them efficiently and effectively. Experimental results show that IPR reduces overflow by 36

Chu, Chris C.-N.

19

IPR: In-Place Reconfiguration for FPGA Fault Tolerance and Rupak Majumdar2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR: In-Place Reconfiguration for FPGA Fault Tolerance Zhe Feng1 , Yu Hu1 , Lei He1 and Rupak Angeles ABSTRACT We describe In-Place Reconfiguration (IPR) for LUT-based FPGAs, an algorithm the propagation of faults seen at a pair of comple- mentary inputs. Based on IPR, we develop a fault

He, Lei

20

The nature of the Chinese IPR administrative enforcement system Salom Lachat*, Daniel Lachat**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of the Chinese IPR administrative enforcement system Salomé Lachat*, Daniel Lachat** Abstract. Assessing IPR enforcement sys- tems is usually performed by comparison of the results achieved the Chinese IPR enforcement system. It suggests switching slowly to court enforce- ment with the aim

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Form Date 09.01.2013 Incentive Program for Researchers (IPR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Form Date 09.01.2013 Incentive Program for Researchers (IPR) Intent to Participate Form Instructions The MSU Incentive Program for Researchers (IPR) has been developed to enhance sponsored research program projects so they can participate in IPR. All tenured and tenure-track faculty members, except

Maxwell, Bruce D.

22

Non-IPR C{sub 60} solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Films comprising predominantly novel isomers of C{sub 60} [=C{sub 60}(nIPR)] have been generated by low energy ion beam deposition of vibronically excited C{sub 60}{sup +} onto graphite followed by selective sublimation of C{sub 60}(I{sub h}) from the deposited isomer mixture. The incident ions were generated by electron impact ionization/fragmentation of sublimed C{sub 70}. Images of the C{sub 60}(nIPR) films obtained by applying atomic force microscopy show aggregates, which we attribute to covalently interlinked C{sub 60}(nIPR) units. The covalent bonds are inferred from the significantly higher thermal stability of the C{sub 60}(nIPR) films compared to the C{sub 60}(I{sub h}) van der Waals solid-as measured by thermal desorption with mass spectrometric detection of the C{sub 60} mass channel (the only desorbable species). In contrast to the characteristic doublet structure of the occupied valence band in the ultraviolet photoelectron spectrum of pure C{sub 60}(I{sub h}), the valence band of C{sub 60}(nIPR) films exhibits a triplet feature with the additional peak occurring at a binding energy of {approx}2.6 eV. This is an indicator of the electronic modifications induced by intermolecular bonding. C{sub 60}(nIPR) films exhibit a narrower band gap than found for C{sub 60}(I{sub h}). They also have significantly different chemical reactivity toward incorporation of thermal energy deuterium atoms. In order to model the experimental photoelectron spectra, various covalently linked oligomers of {sup 1809}C{sub 60}(C{sub 2v}), the second most stable conventional 60-atom fullerene cage, were calculated by means of the density functional theory. These spectral predictions together with analogous previous observations on related fullerene solids such as C{sub 58} lead us to infer that C{sub 60}(nIPR) films consist of fullerene cage isomers containing one or more adjacent pentagon pairs, which mediate covalent cage-cage interconnection.

Loeffler, Daniel; Cudaj, Marcus; Weis, Patrick; Boettcher, Artur [Lehrstuhl Physikalische Chemie Mikroskopischer Systeme, Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Karlsruhe, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Bajales, Noelia [Universidad Nacional del Litoral-CONICET, Gueemes 3450 C. P. 3000 Santa Fe (Argentina); Lebedkin, Sergei [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Bihlmeier, Angela; Tew, David P.; Klopper, Wim [Lehrstuhl Theoretische Chemie, Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Karlsruhe, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Kappes, Manfred M. [Lehrstuhl Physikalische Chemie Mikroskopischer Systeme, Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Karlsruhe, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Turkey in the EU Accession Process: A Perception Analysis of the Police Officers Dealing with IPR Crimes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Intellectual property rights (IPR) has become one of the most debated issues, particularly in recent years due to its relevance and importance in the intellectual,Ö (more)

SURMELI, GUNGOR

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

An improved method to predict future IPR curves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a significantly improved yet simple method to predict future oilwell deliverability and inflow performance relationship (IPR) curves. For the 21 reservoirs studied, current empirical techniques overpredicted future performance by 117%, while the new approach reduced the average error to only 9%. This new method, when coupled with nodal analysis, could affect equipment sizing, investment planning, and property sales economics significantly because it provides more realistic predictions.

Klins, M.A. (Chevron U.S.A. Production Co., Inc., Lost Hills, CA (United States)); Clark, J.W. III (Chevron Petroleum Technology Co., Inc., La Habra, CA (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR) for Solution Gas Drive Reservoirs -- a Semi-Analytical Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFLOW PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIPS (IPR) FOR SOLUTION GAS DRIVE RESERVOIRS ? A SEMI-ANALYTICAL APPROACH A Thesis by MAR?A ALEJANDRA NASS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR) For Solution Gas Drive Reservoirs ? a Semi-Analytical Approach Copyright 2010 Mar?a Alejandra Nass INFLOW PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIPS (IPR) FOR SOLUTION GAS DRIVE RESERVOIRS ? A SEMI...

Nass, Maria A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

26

ASSESSMENT OF THE IPR ALGORITHM FOR THE DIFFERENTIAL FUNCTIONING OF ITEMS AND TESTS FRAMEWORK.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Diferential Functioning of Items and Tests (DFIT) framework is a widely used test of di erential functioning. DFIT uses the Item Parameter Replication (IPR)Ö (more)

NEUHENGEN, JONAS M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Cesium Delivery System for Negative Ion Source at IPR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technique of surface production of negative ions using cesium, Cs, has been efficiently exploited over the years for producing negative ion beams with increased current densities from negative ion sources used on neutral beam lines. Deposition of Cs on the source walls and the plasma grid lowers the work function and therefore enables a higher yield of H{sup -}, when hydrogen particles (H and/or H{sub x}{sup +}) strike these surfaces.A single driver RF based (100 kW, 1 MHz) negative ion source test bed, ROBIN, is being set up at IPR under a technical collaboration between IPR and IPP, Germany. The optimization of the Cs oven design to be used on this facility as well as multidriver sources is underway. The characterization experiments of such a Cs delivery system with a 1 g Cs inventory have been carried out using surface ionization technique. The experiments have been carried by delivering Cs into a vacuum chamber without plasma. The linear motion of the surface ionization detector, SID, attached with a linear motion feedthrough allows measuring the angular distribution of the Cs coming out of the oven. Based on the experimental results, a Cs oven for ROBIN has been proposed. The Cs oven design and experimental results of the prototype Cs oven are reported and discussed in the paper.

Bansal, G.; Pandya, K.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382 428 (India); Bandyopadhyay, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Singh, M. J. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

28

Development of general inflow performance relationships (IPR`s) for slanted and horizontal wells producing heterogeneous solution-gas drive reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1968, the Vogel equation has been used extensively and successfully for analyzing the inflow performance relationship (IPR) of flowing vertical wells producing by solution-gas drive. Oil well productivity can be rapidly estimated by using the Vogel IPR curve and well outflow performance. With recent interests on horizontal well technology, several empirical IPRs for solution-gas drive horizontal and slanted wells have been developed under homogeneous reservoir conditions. This report presents the development of IPRs for horizontal and slanted wells by using a special vertical/horizontal/slanted well reservoir simulator under six different reservoir and well parameters: ratio of vertical to horizontal permeability, wellbore eccentricity, stratification, perforated length, formation thickness, and heterogeneous permeability. The pressure and gas saturation distributions around the wellbore are examined. The fundamental physical behavior of inflow performance for horizontal wells is described.

Cheng, A.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Color screening, absorption and $?_{tot}^{pp}$ at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a growth of the proton-proton total cross section with energy can be entirely attributed to the purely perturbative mechanism. The infrared regularization at rather short distances, $R_c\\simeq 0.3$ fm, allows to extend the BFKL technique from deep inelastic to hadron-hadron scattering. With the account of the absorption corrections our results are in agreement with the LHC data on $\\sigma_{tot}^{pp}$.

R. Fiore; N. N. Nikolaev; V. R. Zoller

2014-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Balancing SoNaR: IPR versus Processing Issues in a 500-Million-Word Written Dutch Reference Corpus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing SoNaR: IPR versus Processing Issues in a 500-Million-Word Written Dutch Reference Corpus included in SoNaR will have its IPR issues settled to the largest extent possible. This data collection lead to the creation of two corpora: a gigaword SoNaR, IPR-cleared for research purposes

Tilburg, Universiteit van

31

Development of an inflow performance relationship (IPR) for a slanted/horizontal well  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1968, the Vogel equation has been used extensively and successfully for analyzing the inflow performance relationship (IPR) of flowing oil wells under solution-gas drive. Oil well productivity can be rapidly estimated using the Vogel IPR curve and well outflow performance. However, the Vogel curve was originally developed for conventional vertical wells and may not be valid for slanted and horizontal wells. This report presents the development of IPR's for slanted and horizontal wells by using a vertical/horizontal/slanted well reservoir simulator. The generated IPR's are found to be similar to the parabolic characteristic of the Vogel curve. Several application examples are included to illustrate the use of the newly generated curves. 12 refs., 15 figs., 25 tabs.

Cheng, A.M.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

77, No. 129 - July 5, 2012 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF SUEZ Energy Marketing (GSEMNA): Federal Register Notice, Volume 77, No. 129 - July...

33

Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-funded Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The term technology transfer refers to a broad set of processes that cover the flows of know-how, experience, and equipment for mitigating and adapting to climate change amongst different stakeholders, including governments, the private sector, and financial institutions, environmental organizations, and research/education institutions. (Metz et al. 2000). Transfer encompasses diffusion of technologies and technology cooperation across and within countries, and forms one element of the overarching goal of the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. Governments devote varying amounts toward sponsoring or in some manner supporting a broad array of research activities pursuing a diverse set of outcomes ranging from medicine to energy and the environment. These activities can take place within government-owned facilities, private companies, or universities or some combination thereof. Such pursuits may result in the identification of a patentable technology or process, as well as copyrightable computer programs or other publications worthy of intellectual property rights (IPRs) protection. Although the precise arrangements vary from country to country, there is a high degree of commonality in the manner in which the property rights to these publicly-sponsored results are assigned. Except in the case of 'pure research' the property rights are assigned to one or more of the participants to the research process; government, university, private contractor, etc. For example, captured under the 'pure research' classification is genomic sequence data that is immediately shared with the public at large and to a significant extent climate data resulting from government-sponsored research is placed in the public domain. The results of this review are intended to inform the Expert Group on Technology Transfer as called for by 2005 program of work.

Sathaye, Jayant A.; Holt, Elmer C.; De La Rue du Can, Stephane

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

Enforcement of IPR in the UK and China judicial regimes: a comparative study of anti-counterfeit litigation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis contrasts the litigation of disputes in intellectual property rights between China and England. China is comparable with England in its substantive IPR law,Ö (more)

Li, Hua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

HP-41CV program eases IPR (inflow performance relationship) test analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inflow performance relationship (IPR) of a flowing or pumping well relates the down-hole pressure to the flow rate. The calculator program discussed, IPR, will simplify the analysis of the collected data and produce an IPR curve. Such analysis can then be used to (1) establish the effective reservoir pressure for the well without the costly shut-in time required for a buildup test; (2) establish the well's maximum production rate and thereby determine the need to improve the well's inflow capability or upgrade its production equipment; (3) evaluate the effectiveness of a stimulation treatment independent of down-hole equipment; (4) establish design criteria for the tubing string, down-hole pump, and surface production equipment; and (5) identify certain complex reservoir conditions such as high pressure water stringers, with simple inexpensive tests.

Fox, M.J.

1984-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

36

Working with SRNL - Our Facilities - ACTL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhatFellowsWoodAnalysisCFTF Aiken County

37

species that it shares with the IPR suggests that no location contributes as much to the overall alpha diversity of the Indian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

species that it shares with the IPR suggests that no location contributes as much to the overall alpha diversity of the Indian and Pacific oceans as does the IPR. The distribution of biodiversity of the IPR to the overall structure of reef fish assemblages in the Indian and Pacific oceans, it should

Arnold, Jonathan

38

Development of general inflow performance relationships (IPR's) for slanted and horizontal wells producing heterogeneous solution-gas drive reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1968, the Vogel equation has been used extensively and successfully for analyzing the inflow performance relationship (IPR) of flowing vertical wells producing by solution-gas drive. Oil well productivity can be rapidly estimated by using the Vogel IPR curve and well outflow performance. With recent interests on horizontal well technology, several empirical IPRs for solution-gas drive horizontal and slanted wells have been developed under homogeneous reservoir conditions. This report presents the development of IPRs for horizontal and slanted wells by using a special vertical/horizontal/slanted well reservoir simulator under six different reservoir and well parameters: ratio of vertical to horizontal permeability, wellbore eccentricity, stratification, perforated length, formation thickness, and heterogeneous permeability. The pressure and gas saturation distributions around the wellbore are examined. The fundamental physical behavior of inflow performance for horizontal wells is described.

Cheng, A.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

TI-59 helps predict IPRs for gravel-packed gas wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inflow performance relationship (IPR) is an important tool for reservoir and production engineers. It helps optimize completion, tubing, gas lift, and storm choke design. It facilitates accurate rate predictions that can be used to evaluate field development decisions. The IPR is the first step of the systems analysis that translates reservoir rock and fluid parameters into predictable flow rates. Use of gravel packing for sand control complicates the calculation that predicts a well's IPR curve, particularly in gas wells where high velocities in the formation and through gravel-filled perforation tunnels can cause turbulent flow. The program presented in this article calculates the pressure drop and the flowing bottomhole pressures at varying flow rates for gravel-packed gas wells. The program was written for a Texas Instruments TI-59 programmable calculator with a PC-100 printer. Program features include: Calculations for in-casing gravel packs, open-hole gravel packs, or ungravel packed wells. Program prompts for the required data variables. Easy change of data values to run new cases. Calculates pressures for an unlimited number of flow rates. Results show the total pressure drop and the relative magnitude of its components.

Capdevielle, W.C.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Inleiding Matlab Dit is een beknopte, telegram-stijl inleiding tot een MAT-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inleiding Matlab 1 Matlab Dit is een beknopte, telegram-stijl inleiding tot een MAT- LAB. Het pakket MATLAB is bij uitstek geschikt voor nu- meriek werk en voor het rekenen met vectoren en matrices. MATLAB kenmerkt zich door korte en effici¨ente code en het is makkelijk in gebruik. Elke paragraaf

Trentelman, Harry L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A simplified procedure for gas deliverability calculations using dimensionless IPR curves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method for deliverability calculations of gas wells, which eliminates the need for conventional multipoint tests, is presented. Using the analytical solution for real gas flow under stabilized conditions, and a broad range of rock and fluid properties, an empirical relation for calculating gas well deliverability in an unfractured reservoir is developed. This relationship is similar to Vogel's dimensionless Inflow Performance Relation (IPR) for solution-gas drive reservoirs. Also developed in this study is a second empirical relation, which estimates future deliverability from current flow test data. A simple procedure for gas deliverabili

Mishra, S.; Caudle, B.H.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

IPR 2008  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLthe U.S.;2c JeffersonDelegateSummary This8

43

IPR 2009  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLthe U.S.;2c JeffersonDelegateSummary This89

44

IPR 2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLthe U.S.;2c JeffersonDelegateSummary

45

IPR 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLthe U.S.;2c JeffersonDelegateSummary2 Sign

46

IPR 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLthe U.S.;2c JeffersonDelegateSummary2 Sign4

47

Help Sheet for Faculty Evaluation Process (Fall 2013) This document is intended to assist faculty and staff as they prepare materials for the Individual Performance Review (IPR) and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

faculty and staff as they prepare materials for the Individual Performance Review (IPR) and the faculty, postdoctoral fellows) are evaluated at the department level only. In a nutshell, those who must submit an IPR and Green forms, and IPR and CV. Just as with tenure track faculty, a judgment of merit does not mean

Chu, Xi

48

Help Sheet for Faculty Evaluation Process (Fall 2012) This document is intended to assist faculty and staff as they prepare materials for the Individual Performance Review (IPR) and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

faculty and staff as they prepare materials for the Individual Performance Review (IPR) and the faculty, postdoctoral fellows) are evaluated at the department level only. In a nutshell, those who must submit an IPR faculty. Submit Ivory and Green forms, and IPR and CV. Just as with tenure track faculty, a judgment

Vonessen, Nikolaus

49

Studies of Intermittency-like Phenomena in Plasma turbulence at IPR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The observation of intermittency in the turbulent scrape-off layer plasma of ADITYA tokamak was first reported about one and a half decade ago. In the last decade or so, several aspects of intermittency-like phenomena have been observed on tokamaks and other fusion devices throughout the world. A review of the research carried out at the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR) is presented, which closely follow the research trend on intermittency-like phenomena in plasmas worldwide. We also present our analysis of particle flux data in order to test the recently proposed fluctuation theorem, which states that the probability of 'entropy consuming' flux events falls off exponentially with the averaging time. This theorem, proposed in the context of small systems, is applied to macroscopic system like tokamak edge plasma by invoking an 'effective temperature' of the bath of drift waves from which, plasma objects take energy and carry out work of transporting matter

Jha, R.; Das, A.; Bisai, N.; Kaw, P. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Near Indira Bridge, Gandhinagar-382428 (India)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

50

Modeling energy in an Integrated Pollutant Removal (IPR) system with CO{sub 2} capture integrated with oxy-fuel combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxy-coal combustion is one of the technical solutions for mitigating CO{sub 2} in thermal power plants. Many processes have been evolved in past the decade to capture CO{sub 2} from process industries. Researchers at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) have patented a process, integrated pollutant removal (IPR), that uses off the shelf technology to produce a sequestration-ready CO{sub 2} stream from an oxy-combustion power plant. The IPR process as it is realized at the Jupiter Oxygen Burner Test Facility is a spray tower (direct-contact heat exchanger) followed by four stages of compression with intercooling. To study the energy flows of the oxy-combustion process, a 15 MW{sub t}h oxy-combustion pulverized-coal-fired plant integrated with the IPR system was simulated and analyzed using ASPEN Plus and ASPEN energy analyzer. This paper discusses flue-gas recycle, energy flow, recovery, and optimization of IPR systems. ASPEN models of heat- and mass-transfer processes in aflue-gas-condensing heat-exchanger system were developed to predict the heat transferred from flue gas to cooling water. The flue-gas exit temperature, cooling water outlet temperature, and energy flows of IPR streams were computed using ASPEN models. Pinch principles are deployed for targeting design and operation-guiding purposes and balancing the heat and mass transfer in the IPR system. The results are expected to support sophistication of the IPR system design, improving its application in a variety of settings. They open the door for valuable IPR efficiency improvements and generalization of methodology for simultaneous management of energy resources.

Harendra, Sivaram [ORISE; Oryshchyn, Danylo B. [U.S. DOE; Gerdemann, Stephen J. [U.S. DOE

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Vriend en vijand. Een vergelijkend onderzoek naar de Nederlandse beleidsvoering met betrekking tot Suriname in de periode 1975-1982 en de periode 1988-1993.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In de periode 1975-1982 stelden Nederlanders vele voorwaarden aan de Surinamers in ruil voor ontwikkelingshulp. Desalniettemin had dit niet tot het gewenste resultaat geleid.Na deÖ (more)

Meij, K. van der

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Synthesis of the Sterically Related Nickel Gallanediyl Complexes [Ni(CO)3(GaAr?)] (Ar?†=†C6H3-2,6-(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2) and [Ni(CO)3(GaL)] (L†=†HC[C(CH3)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)]2): Thermal Decomposition of [Ni(CO)3(GaAr?)] to give the Cluster [Ni4(CO)7(GaAr?)3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 H 3 -2,6-(C 6 H 3 -2,6-iPr 2 ) 2 ) and [Ni(CO) 3 (GaL)] (LC(CH 3 )N(C 6 H 3 -2,6-iPr 2 )] 2 ): Thermal DecompositionC 6 H 3 -2,6-(C 6 H 3 -2,6-iPr 2 ) 2 ) and GaL (L = HC[C(Me)

Serrano, Oracio; Hoppe, Elke; Power, Philip P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Conceptual Design, Implementation and Commissioning of Data Acquisition and Control System for Negative Ion Source at IPR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Negative ion Experimental facility has been setup at IPR. The facility consists of a RF based negative ion source (ROBIN)--procured under a license agreement with IPP Garching, as a replica of BATMAN, presently operating in IPP, 100 kW 1 MHz RF generators and a set of low and high voltage power supplies, vacuum system and diagnostics. 35 keV 10A H- beam is expected from this setup. Automated successful operation of the system requires an advanced, rugged, time proven and flexible control system. Further the data generated in the experimental phase needs to be acquired, monitored and analyzed to verify and judge the system performance. In the present test bed, this is done using a combination of PLC based control system and a PXI based data acquisition system. The control system consists of three different Siemens PLC systems viz. (1) S-7 400 PLC as a Master Control, (2) S-7 300 PLC for Vacuum system control and (3) C-7 PLC for RF generator control. Master control PLC directly controls all the subsystems except the Vacuum system and RF generator. The Vacuum system and RF generator have their own dedicated PLCs (S-7 300 and C-7 respectively). Further, these two PLC systems work as a slave for the Master control PLC system. Communication between PLC S-7 400, S-7 300 and central control room computer is done through Industrial Ethernet (IE). Control program and GUI are developed in Siemens Step-7 PLC programming software and Wincc SCADA software, respectively. There are approximately 150 analog and 200 digital control and monitoring signals required to perform complete closed loop control of the system. Since the source floats at high potential ({approx}35 kV); a combination of galvanic and fiber optic isolation has been implemented. PXI based Data Acquisition system (DAS) is a combination of PXI RT (Real time) system, front end signal conditioning electronics, host system and DAQ program. All the acquisition signals coming from various sub-systems are connected and acquired by the PXI RT system, through only fiber optics link for signal conditioning, electrical isolation and better noise immunity. Real time and Host application programs are developed in LabVIEW and the data shall be stored with a facility of online display of selected parameters. Mathematical calculations and report generation will take place at the end of each beam shot. The paper describes in detail about the design approach, implementation strategy, program development, commissioning and operational test result of ROBIN through a data acquisition and control system.

Soni, Jignesh; Gahlaut, A.; Bansal, G.; Parmar, K. G.; Pandya, K.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (Gujarat) 382 428 (India); Yadav, Ratnakar; Singh, M. J.; Bandyopadhyay, M. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar (Gujarat) 382 025 (India)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

54

Horizontal well IPR calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the calculation of near-wellbore skin and non-Darcy flow coefficient for horizontal wells based on whether the well is drilled in an underbalanced or overbalanced condition, whether the well is completed openhole, with a slotted liner, or cased, and on the number of shots per foot and phasing for cased wells. The inclusion of mechanical skin and the non-Darcy flow coefficient in previously published horizontal well equations is presented and a comparison between these equations is given. In addition, both analytical and numerical solutions for horizontal wells with skin and non-Darcy flow are presented for comparison.

Thomas, L.K.; Todd, B.J.; Evans, C.E.; Pierson, R.G.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

ipr61c3.tmp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon Capture andDeepwaterfors67Molecularexercises * Research and Energy

56

The stability of coerced economic reform : the case of IPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theories in international relations posit, and empirical evidence has verified, that unwilling states can be compelled by another state or by an international institution to enact domestic policy reform. However, these ...

Wilcox, Trudy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-funded Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contractors-operated (GOCO). The US Department of Energy (and contractor-operated (GOCO) approach to R&D support and

Sathaye, Jayant A.; Holt, Elmer C.; De La Rue du Can, Stephane

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Generalized IPR curves for predicting well behavior. [Inflow Performance Relation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil well productivity calculations are required to relate surface measured oil rate to the pressure drawdown of the well in order to predict well behavior. The productivity index concept and the inflow performance relation concept can be combined to derive a workable form of a well's deliverability which covers the entire pressure range above and below the bubble point. A procedure for predicting well behavior is presented using equations to determine the relationship between shut-in bottom-hole pressure, bubble point pressure, and bottom-hole producing pressure. An example calculation is provided comparing 2 wells. The conclusion is that one set of production test data (rate and bottom-hole producing pressure) together with the shut-in bottom-hole pressure (or average reservoir pressure) and bubble point pressure are enough to construct a reliable inflow performance relation.

Patton, L.D.; Goland, M.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

AI en Data mining Van AI tot Data mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

een heel breed vakgebied, met onder andere: · robotica: Hoe programmeer je een robot? · data mining soort computerprogramma's doet mee in de jaarlijkse Loebner-contest. 6 #12;AI Robotica Een robot is een science fiction schrijver Isaac Asimov (auteur van "I, Robot") zijn de drie wetten van de robotica: 1. Een

Kosters, Walter

60

Property:Tot rev (thousand $) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity Jump to: navigation,WebsiteRenewableBiofuelTechnologyrev (thousand $)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Property:Tot sales (mwh) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity Jump to: navigation,WebsiteRenewableBiofuelTechnologyrev (thousand

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabidopsis p450 protein Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

edresearchinteractionsinformationrefereedresearch Summary: Enzyme Cytochrome P450 enzyme IPR001128 Enzyme Euk protein kinase IPR000719 Enzyme FADpyrredox IPR... .1...

63

Logic Synthesis for FPGA Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Node Criticality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IPRWork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 IPR: In-PlaceComparison of fault tolerance among ABC, IPR, and IPR + ROSE

Feng, Zhe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Synthesis and reactivity of sterically congested metallacyclobutenes and metal-mediated carbon-sulfur bond activation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assigned to the (C! C) stretch. iPr N i Pr N N i Pr -COD + 2 [Ni(COD) 2 ] N iPrN iPr iPr N Ni Ni iPr iPr iPr N N iPr N Ni iPr N iPr Scheme

Vťlez, Carmen L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

IPR Barriers in Collaboration between University and Engineering Industry in Sweden.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis examines the barriers, especially intellectual property rights concerned that inhibit industry academia collaboration. By analyzing Swedish firms in the engineering industry, IÖ (more)

Huang, Wenting

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Hur pŚverkar IPR ŲverfŲring av utslšppsminskande teknologi frŚn Sverige till utvecklingslšnder ur ett hŚllbart perspektiv?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Studien syftar till att besvara frŚgestšllningen: Hur pŚverkar immateriella ršttigheter teknologiŲverfŲring frŚn Sverige till utvecklingslšnder ur ett hŚllbart perspektiv? Detta gŲrs genom studier avÖ (more)

Larsson, Sofia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

IPR Fact Sheet - 5--19-08 7 a.m.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this outside its formal rate cases to allow for substantial public input. We are expanding processes used in the past to allow review of our power and transmission expense...

68

EA-386 IPR-GDF Suez Energy Marketing North America, Inc. (GSEMNA) |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing American Electric0-A2 GDF Suez3

69

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF SUEZ  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (April 2012)Tie Ltd |Line, LLC: FederalEnergyInc. | Department

70

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF Suez  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (April 2012)Tie Ltd |Line, LLC: FederalEnergyInc. | DepartmentEnergy

71

IPR Fact Sheet - 5--19-08 7 a.m.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLthe U.S.;2c JeffersonDelegateSummary2

72

e-mail: d9454104@mail.nchu.edu.tw [10][11][12][13][14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ (inverse participation ratio, IPR) #12;289 () 2008 4 1 N k kii I w= (13) IPR 1/ N 1 1/ N () IPR=1/ N 1 0 IPR=1 IPR 3/ N IPR IPR Inverse Participation Ratio IPR, ~3 / 0.013kI N = ( 1

73

Key Workplace Documents Federal Publications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to protect IPR and afford market access for IPR- related products, discriminatory regulations on imported

74

Iontophoretic {beta}-adrenergic stimulation of human sweat glands: possible assay for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator activity in vivo.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of isoproprenaline (IPR) and theophylline administered bycAMP levels. However, IPR has broad ?-adrenergic effectsacetylcholine (MCh, 1 Ķm), IPR (10 Ķm), Sal (10 Ķm), IBMX (

Shamsuddin, A K M; Reddy, M M; Quinton, P M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Chinaís Rise as a Global S&T Power†and ChinaĖEU Cooperation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intellectual property rights (IPR), increasing competitionproblems with regard to IPR pro- tection, forced technologyEuropean part- ners, including IPR infringement, increasing

Bršuner, Oliver

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

HEATER TEST PLANNING FOR THE NEAR SURFACE TEST FACILITY AT THE HANFORD RESERVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

channel Ice-Point References (IPR) for thermocouples, threein Sweden. In the case of IPR units, each output should bethermocouple channels per IPR chassis. A good compromise

DuBois, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Your Security Policy is What??  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policy representation (IPR) to bridge the gap between aform, called the ďintermediate policy representationĒ (IPR).The IPR is independent of system and infrastructure

Bishop, Matt; Peisert, Sean

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Global governance and diplomacy solutions for counterfeit medicines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Netherlands for potential IPR infringement, though theyan inappropriate exercise of IPR enforcement. Regrettably,of access to medicines and IPRs. Further, UNODCís decision

Mackey, Timothy Ken

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - adfaerspaevirkning af industrien Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 16 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL DIFFERENTIERING AF PRISER FOR IPR Summary: 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL...

80

Global Trade Policy Development in a Two-Track System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intellectual property rights (IPR) based on the US Digitalwas very much focused on IPR enforcement where littledirectly involved in IPR negotiations questioned the

Crump, Larry

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nested-grid simulation of mercury over North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

middle), nested America. IPR simulation (bottom). TheSTD simulation (middle), nested IPR simulation (bottom). Thesimulation; Right panel: IPR nested-grid Fig. 3. Scatter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Author Autonomy and Atomism in Copyright Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

components may be covered by IPRs, but it is not always trueone, comprehensive IPR. . . . In the ďcopyright industries,Ēpurpose: they lead individual IPR holders to form CROs.

Van Houweling, Molly S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Economics of intellectual property : valuation, strategy and policy impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

competition policy and IPR protection,Ē A report preparedin- tellectual property rights (IPR) - impede innovativefor measuring fragmentation of IPR used in the previous

Gupta, Kirti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - af sektorer betaler Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 76 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL DIFFERENTIERING AF PRISER FOR IPR Summary: 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL...

85

Screen and slotted liner horizontal completion: : correcting for wellbore pressure drop in the inflow performance relationships (IPR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the formation, md r = radius of investigation, ft c, = total compressibility, I/psi P = pressure, psi t = time, days Initial and boundary conditions, p(r, t = 0) = pi constant dl p ? p?t ? ln ? ' ? ? + s where pwf average reservoir pressure... in the drainage area, psi wellbore flowing pressure, psi net thickness of the formation, ft formation volume factor, RB/S'I'B production rate, S I'B/D skin duc to formation damage 13 Eq. 2. 3 is the equation for the productivity index, 3, of an oil well...

Agbongiator, Eddie Osarenmwida

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Synthesis of 2'-O-Methoxyethyl-Guanosine Using a Novel Silicon-Based Protecting Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using MDPSCl2 O HO HO OH N NHN N O NH2 N NHN N O NH2OO O OH Si Si iPr iPr iPr iPr O HO HO OH N N N N N N N N OO O OH Si Si iPr iPr iPr iPr NH2NH2 79% 91% O HO HO OH N NN N N NN N OO O OH Si Si iPr iPr iPr iPr NH2NH2 82% NH2 NH2 O HO HO OH OO O OH Si Si iPr iPr iPr iPr 87% N N O NH2 N N O NH2 O HO HO OH

Theodorakis, Emmanuel

87

Output: Classifier (Ex. GO function-Peptidase Activity)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Subcellular localization) glycoprotein, transport, mitochondrial, mitochondrion, transmembrane, antiport, ipr.5%) Associated Tokens: repeat, nuclear, antigen, cytoplasmic, lectin, galectin, nuclear protein, ipr008985 ,ipr changes the classification to "cytoplasm" with probability 76.0% Note: ·IPR004709: Sodium

Alberta, University of

88

Experimental Study of an IP Model for the View Selection Problem by Zohreh Asgharzadeh Talebi, Rada Chirkova, and Yahya Fathi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to solve IP time needed to solve IPR time needed to solve with HHRU IP Answer IPR Answer HHRU Answer IP/IPR HHRU/IPR HHRU/IP 1 2 64

Young, R. Michael

89

Automated Continuous Commissioning of Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The response to the ESTCP IPR action items can be found from141 Appendix H: Response to ESTCP IPR ActionAppendix H: Response to ESTCP IPR Action Items ESTCP IPR

Bailey, Trevor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

On the sextet polynomial of fullerenes Jean-Sebastien Sereni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with no adjacent pentagons is said to satisfy the isolated pentagon rule (IPR), and is called an IPR fullerene. The buckminsterfullerene is the smallest IPR fullerene, and all the most stable fullerenes are IPR fullerenes. Since

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE S&T Program Review Project Reviews (IPPM) DOE CD-1 Review of LBNE DOE IPR Review of Mu2e DOE IPR Review of NOvA DOE IPR Review of NOvA DOE IPR Mini...

92

Proposed Mechanism For Oxidative Heteroarylation Isolation of an Active Au(III) Fluoride  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. NN Au iPr iPr iPr iPr F Me F + F- - F- B(OH)2 R R Me 2+ Au F N N Au D D F IPr F PhB(OH)2 CDCl3 D D. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 598. O O P O O i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr CR1 R1 OH OR1 R1 H R2 R2 R3 R3 R3

Toste, Dean

93

Gold-Catalyzed Intermolecular Oxyarylation A. D. Melhado, W. E. Brenzovich, Jr., A. D. Lackner, F. D. Toste, J. Am. Chem.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 2010, 132, 12859­12861. NN Au iPr iPr iPr iPr F Me F + F- - F- B(OH)2 R R Me 2+ Au F N N Au D D F IPr F. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 598. O O P O O i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr CR1 R1 OH OR1 R1 H R2 R2 R3 R3 R3 R3 R

Toste, Dean

94

STABLE MAPS: EXAMPLES WITHOUT SADDLES. J. IGLESIAS, A. PORTELA, AND A. ROVELLA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

points that are Cr structurally stable (r > 1) and have nontrivial nonwandering sets, see [IPR1] and [IPR

95

Chinese Business Law Postgraduate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intellectual property law 4 2 · Explanation of IPR basics · Strategic considerations · Avoiding IPR problems

Einmahl, Uwe

96

Recent Doctoral Dissertations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intellectual property right (IPR) protection in China, thisto protect their IP in weak IPR regime countries. This '

Editor, BPJ

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Introduction: White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intellectual property rights (IPR) in China and focuses onthe criminal enforcement of IPR. These issues are considered

Pontell, Henry N.; Geis, Gilbert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Press release Launch of the call for expression of interest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

level round table on IPR for European and Brazilian IPR experts. See more... 25 th of September Plenary

99

Gold Hydride Complexes DOI: 10.1002/anie.200803842  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have been observed solely in the gas phase.[7] The N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand IPr (IPr= 1, dimeric [{(IPr)CuH}2], synthesized from [(IPr)CuCl] in two steps.[8] Since NHC ligands have been shown reactions. The reaction of the known compound [(IPr)AuCl][10] with sodium tert-butoxide generated [(IPr

M√ľller, Peter

100

Problem Set 6 Assigned, Wednesday, March 26, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: #12; 05.Foreground|10)A(IPr , 2.Foreground|30)A(IPr , 3.Foreground|40)A(IPr . and 3.Background|10)A(IPr , 1.Background|30)A(IPr , 05.Background|40)A(IPr . Draw a graph that the graph cut

Jacobs, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MA.'IAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and SIJng. construction, and aSSOCiated operation of a small-scale laboratory building or renovation of a room in an eXlsJng bUilding for sample analysis. ActlVlltes...

102

Search for suitable approximation methods for fullerene structure and relative stability studies: Case study with C50  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculations. According to the isolated pentagon rule IPR ,13 the IPR fullerene isomers are more stable than the non-IPR isomers of the same size. Thus far, IPR fullerene isomers with size up to C100 have been well studied.14 The smallest IPR fullerene is C60 with Ih symmetry and the next one is C70 with D5h symmetry

Wang, Yan Alexander

103

Dynamics of Institutions and Markets in Europe is a network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the knowledge economy. http://www.dime-eu.org/ DIME Working Papers on INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS http://ipr.dime-eu.org/ipr information on the DIME IPR research and activities: http://ipr.dime-eu.org/ Sponsored by the 6th Framework) The Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) elements of the DIME Network currently focus on research in the area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

Research Skills Lecture 16: Intellectual Property Rights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Wikipedia) #12;L16-2 Important IPR Issues What is an Intellectual Property Right (IPR)? IPR Legislation The four main types of IPR: Copyright Moral rights Patents Trademarks Plagiarism Issues specific, and unobvious (and has some value in the marketplace). Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are concerned

Bullinaria, John

105

The stability of coerced economic reform : the case of IPR ; Stability of coerced economic reform : the case of intellectual property rights .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Theories in international relations posit, and empirical evidence has verified, that unwilling states can be compelled by another state or by an international institution toÖ (more)

Wilcox, Trudy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Applying Psychology to Economic Policy Design: Using Incentive Preserving Rebates to Increase Acceptance of Critical Peak Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 A formal introduction to CPP and CPP-IPR 5.1 A formaloverview of CPP-IPR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .does not perform as well as the three-period CPP-IPR

Letzler, Robert

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A Quarterly Publication Featuring the Northwestern University Research Centers CenterPiece  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development and social policy and a faculty fellow at the Institute for Policy Research (IPR). "The United sciences to the social sciences. A center within IPR, C2S will emulate and expand upon IPR's broad

Shahriar, Selim

108

Advancement of Separation and Characterization Techniques for Ionic Analytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ion-pairing reagent (IPR) concentration, counterion andto as ion-pairing reagents (IPR), as mobile phase modifiersand how factors such as IPR concentration and buffer pH

Jones, Christopher James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Not so random RLC AL-FEC codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to patent any of the material included in this presentation lif you believe some aspects may infringe IPR you are aware of, then fill in an IPR disclosure and please, let us know http://irtf.org/ipr" 2 hal

Boyer, Edmond

110

The Giannini Foundation and the Welfare of California Agriculturists in a Changing State, Nation and World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intellectual property rights (IPR) covered new life formsthe use of each type of IPR is preferred, i.e. , patent,designed mechanisms to access IPR for breeders of crops

Rausser, Gordon C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Efficacy of ICON(R) Maxx in the laboratory and against insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae in central Cote d'Ivoire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kisumu strain established at IPR for each of the two nettingthe Institut Pierre Richet (IPR) in Bouakť, central CŰte dítransferred to the laboratory of IPR and identified to the

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Efficient Analysis of Live and Historical Streaming Data and its Application to Cybersecurity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tcqtime FastBit Column(s) IPS IPR SP DP PROT S SIZE R SIZEcount(?) aggregate. select IPR, IPS where IPS in (: X1, :LBNL-61080 select IPS, IPR, sum(R SIZE) where ( pre?x (

Reiss, Frederick; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng; Shoshani, Arie; Hellerstein, Joseph M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Development of NMR Methods for the Characterization of Heparin and its Impurities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as an ion-pairing reagent (IPR) to increase the solubilitycolumn. TrBA was added as the IPR in an attempt to retainof retention, the hydrophobic IPR and the analyte ion of

Limtiaco, John Francis Kuper

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Advancing Analytical Methods for Characterization of Anionic Carbohydrate Biopolymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

here a heparin disaccharide), IPR and C18 stationary phase;of a C18 column with the IPR which separates analytes via anseparation of tinzaparin where IPR used in A) TrBA, B) DBA,

Langeslay, Derek Joseph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Kinetics of Silica Polymerization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the value of parameter IPR, which has a default value oft L I Specifying values of IPR in the range 1 6 will causethat described above the value'of IPR causes the gene ion of

Weres, Oleh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A new bed elevation dataset for Greenland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice penetrating radar (IPR) systems. As a consequence, wefrom a number of airborne IPR missions have been col- lated,added for years between the IPR acquisition date and the

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

catalystRX Chem 115Myers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%) MeO2C H3C CH3 CH3 iPr iPr iPr P Buchwald, S.L.; Naber, J.R. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2008, 350, 957-961 N N

118

Granular Dynamics in Pebble Bed Reactor Cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+?t using the matrix equation X ipr (t + ! t) = X i (t) C prFollowing the predictor step, X ipr is used to evaluate theacceleration ? a i = a ico - a ipr is then used to update X

Laufer, Michael Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

UNIVERSITY OF LUXEMBOURG GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protection of Intellectual property rights (IPR), licensing of these IPR and the creation of spin- off) The Rectorate will draw up an annual report on the status and development of the IPR portfolio held by the UL

van der Torre, Leon

120

Anderson transition of the plasma oscillations of one-dimensional disordered Wigner lattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inverse participation ratio ?IPR? P, 8 de?ned as P i = L ?for lo- calized modes the IPR can be as high as P = L. Fora similiar abrupt shift in the IPR at this same eigenvalue.

Akhanjee, S; Rudnick, J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Neutral and Cationic Vanadium Bisimido Complexes: Their Synthesis, Characterization, and Application in the Binding, Activation, and Catalytic Functionalization of Small Molecules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point of comparison is the V(III) (PNP ipr )VTe(CNXyl)2 (PNP ipr = N(2-PiPr 2 -4- methylphenyl) 2 ), which possessof 2164 cm -1 , and (PNP ipr )VTe(CNXyl) 2 has stretching

La Pierre, Henry Storms

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Metabolomics of Complex Biological Systems to Uncover Molecular Mechanisms in Rice and Other Organisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the analyte and dibutylamine as the IPR. (a) Themodel for RPIP in which the IPR coats the stationary phaselipophilic side chains of the IPR with the stationary phase.

Barding, Gregory Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Nickel-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling of Phenol Derivatives and Total Synthesis of Welwitindolinone Natural Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heterocyclic carbene ligand IPr in toluene at 120 įC (Scheme1.52 Ni(COD) 2 (20 mol%) IPrēHCl (40 mol%) OCH 3 HNR 2 NR 2heterocyclic carbene ligand IPr, allows for the coupling of

Quasdorf, Kyle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

An Overview of Proteome Analyst Roman Eisner, Brett Poulin, Duane Szafron, Paul Lu, Russell Greiner, David Wishart and Bahram Habibi-Nazhad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1986. annotation updated: Oct 16, 2001. xrefs (non-sequence databases): EcoGene EG10998, InterPro IPR002912, InterPro IPR001048, InterPro IPR001341, InterPro IPR001342, Pfam PF00696, Pfam PF01842, Pfam PF 16, 2001. xrefs (non-sequence databases): EcoGene EG10998, InterPro IPR002912, InterPro IPR001048

Alberta, University of

125

Proteome Analyst PENCE Bioinformatics-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1986. annotation updated: Oct 16, 2001. xrefs (non-sequence databases): EcoGene EG10998, InterPro IPR002912, InterPro IPR001048, InterPro IPR001341, InterPro IPR001342, Pfam PF00696, Pfam PF01842, Pfam PF 16, 2001. xrefs (non-sequence databases): EcoGene EG10998, InterPro IPR002912, InterPro IPR001048

Alberta, University of

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominalt aortaaneurisme trods Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Universitet Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 36 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL DIFFERENTIERING AF PRISER FOR IPR Summary: udbytte ind." Hvorfor er det...

127

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

report from the Integrated Program Review that highlights changes to the initial IPR numbers, a result of the collaborative process. The IPR takes place every two years...

128

E-Print Network 3.0 - aortaaneurisme trods endovaskulaer Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Universitet Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 36 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL DIFFERENTIERING AF PRISER FOR IPR Summary: udbytte ind." Hvorfor er det...

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - af vurdering af Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 46 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL DIFFERENTIERING AF PRISER FOR IPR Summary: en vurdering af prisen. Her...

130

Portland HQ Letterhead  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is designing its Integrated Program Review (IPR) process for the Fiscal Year 2014-2015 rate period. The IPR is a consolidated...

131

Internal Peer Review Program -Faculty of Medicine May 2013 INTERNAL PEER REVIEW PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applicants may choose a Medical Research Development Office Internal Peer Review (MRDO- IPR) or a Self-Directed Internal Peer Review (SD-IPR.) 1. MRDO-Internal Peer Review (MRDO-IPR) At least two months prior to the agency's deadline, applicants using MRDO-IPR will provide the following information. This will allow MRDO

Brownstone, Rob

132

SOME NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL INEQUALITIES AND AN APPLICATION TO H  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structures of regularity C 0,# , 0 IPR]; it is known Date manifolds in Section 4 is very similar to that of [IPR]; we give the details for the convenience description than that of [IPR]. One of the steps in [IPR] is a Maximum Principle argument applied to a complex

Coffman, Adam

133

Role of National Institutions in Telecom Standards-Discussion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forums #12;Global Scenario Nations are becoming increasingly aware of IPR and use their IPR reserves to position trade policy China ­ good example Has pushed its IPR in major 3G/4G standards We need to prepare India to lead future generations of technology Indian IPR Indian requirements #12;Centre of Excellence

Karandikar, Abhay

134

Chromatic numbers of products of tournaments: Fractional aspects of Hedetniemi's conjecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the four sets Imax = J J , Ipr1 = J \\ J, Ipr2 = J \\ J and Imin = I \\ (J J ). Now we define : X {0, 1, . . . , n - 1} by ((u, i), (v, j)) = max{i, j} if (u, v) Imax, i if (u, v) Ipr1 , j if (u, v) Ipr2

Tardif, Claude

135

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review (IPR). The IPR occurs every two years, or just prior to each rate case. It provides participants for inclusion in rate cases. Program spending levels are not dealt with in the rate case itself. The 2010 IPR through fiscal year 2017. The 2010 IPR consists of a series of technical and managerial workshops covering

136

Design, synthesis and incorporation of fluorescent thiophene-modified nucleoside analogs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

triethylamine, pyridine, 85%; (iPr 2 N) 2 POCH 2 CH 2 CN,70%. (b) DMTrCl, Et 3 N, pyridine, 83%. (d) iPr 2 NEt, nBu2 SnCl 2 , (iPr 3 SiO)CH 2 Cl, ClCH 2 CH 2 Cl, 30%. (e) iPr

Noť, Mary Streid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

What is a strong copyright? IPDL 10/2009 1 Rainer Kuhlen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Literary and artistic works (Paris Text 1971) #12;What is a strong copyright? IPDL 10/2009 7 Strong IPR in general Extension of IPR in time Extension of IPR to living objects and other objects in nature Extension of IPR to software (still controversial, at least in the EU) Introduction of some sui

Kuhlen, Rainer

138

Development of Gold-Catalyzed Oxidative Alkene Heteroarylation and of Enantioselective Reactions Enabled by Phase Separation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

found 388.1521. PhthN O(CO)iPr Ph 1.6k. 5-PhthalimidopenteneVivek Rauniyar, Gregory Hamilton, and Ji Lee. iPr N N F ClBF 4 BF 4 iPr O O P O O - Na + iPr Selectfluor insoluble iPr

Lackner, Aaron D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

TECHNICAL BRIEF 2009 Aruba Networks Page 1 of 2 March 27, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. CAPWAP also suffers from intellectual property rights (IPR) encumbrances related to claims made by Cisco. As of March 2009, Cisco has not disclosed exactly which portions of CAPWAP are subject to its IPR claims. Thus may be found at http://www.ietf.org/ietf/IPR/cisco-ipr-draft-ietf-capwap- protocol

Jain, Raj

140

SOME NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL INEQUALITIES AND AN APPLICATION TO HO"LDER CONTINUOUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This generalizes the ff = 1_2example of [IPR ]; it is known ____________ Date: February 3, 2011. 2000 of the almost complex manifolds in Section 4 is very similar to that of [IPR ]; we give the details quantitative description than that of [IPR ]. One of the steps in [IPR ] is a Maximum Principle argument

Coffman, Adam

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 32, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 1997 285 CMOS Active Pixel Sensor Star Tracker with Regional Electronic Shutter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integration times, achieved through individual pixel reset (IPR). II. INDIVIDUAL PIXEL RESET (IPR that pixels on the same row can have different integration periods and do not saturate, IPR is required for simplicity and has been well reported previously [3]. A simple way to implement IPR would be to put a second

Fossum, Eric R.

142

Controversial copyright regulation in Germany protection of commercial exploitation vs free/open access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Commons-License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/de// What is strong copyright/ IPR? #12;Information is strong copyright/ IPR? Strong intellectual property rights (IPR) regulations not an official legal term. but strong IPR means exclusive publication and exploitation rights for creators/authors strong legal

Kuhlen, Rainer

143

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 60956111, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/6095/2012/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction of reactive to elemental Hg (IPR simula- tion). This leads to a decrease in the model bias to -2 and our IPR simulation increases from 0.60 to 0.78. The IPR nested sim- ulation generally reproduces) and Canadian Atmospheric Mercury Network (CAMNet). In the IPR simulation, annual mean gaseous and particulate

Holmes, Christopher D.

144

SOME NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL INEQUALITIES AND AN APPLICATION TO HOLDER CONTINUOUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This generalizes the = 1 2 example of [IPR]; it is known Date: February 3, 2011. 2000 Mathematics Subject construction of the almost complex manifolds in Section 4 is very similar to that of [IPR]; we give the details quantitative description than that of [IPR]. One of the steps in [IPR] is a Maximum Principle argument applied

Coffman, Adam

145

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Capital in Review (CIR) and Integrated Program Review (IPR) process. The CIR and IPR are two significant Program Review (IPR): affords participants opportunity to review and comment on BPA's program level Review (CIR) Public Process May ­ July ~ Integrated Program Review (IPR) Public Process June ­ July

146

The Software Invention Cube: a Classification Scheme for Software Inventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engineering lifecycle, software patents, IPR on software. 1 #12;1 Background As part of a three year European was formulated for an IPR-based software engineering life cycle and it was argued that only when an IPR licensing as well as IPR defense is possible. Further an extensive discussion was given regarding

Klint, Paul

147

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 2017. BPA conducts its IPR processes every two years as a lead-in to its rate cases. BPA held the IPR at http://www.bpa.gov/Finance/FinancialPublicProcesses/IPR/2014IPRDocuments/May28 _IPR L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N EE Post-2011 Review and Integrated Program Review (IPR

148

Supporting Information (52 pages) Enantiospecific 6 Photocyclization of Atropisomeric -substitued Acrylanilides In  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

x 10.0 mm for semi-preparative injections N O ipr N O NH2 N H O 1c 1d 4 5 N O N O ipr * * R-(+)-2c = S-(-)-2c R-(+)-2e = S-(-)-2e * N H N H ipr 3c 3e 1e N O N O * R-(+)-2d = S-(-)-2d N H 3d N O 1a N O 1b N O ipr * 2b = ent-2b N O ipr * trans-2a = trans-ent-2b N O ipr * cis-2a = cis-ent-2b * * Chart S

Jayaraman, Sivaguru

149

Experimental and Computational Studies of Binding of Dinitrogen, Nitriles, Azides, Diazoalkanes, Pyridine and Pyrazines to M(PR3)2(CO)3 (M=Mo, W; R=Me, iPr)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The enthalpies of binding of a number of N-donor ligands to the complex Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3} in toluene have been determined by solution calorimetry and equilibrium measurements. The measured binding enthalpies span a range of {approx}10 kcal mol{sup -1}: {Delta}H{sub binding} = -8.8 {+-} 1.2 (N{sub 2}-Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}); -10.3 {+-} 0.8 (N{sub 2}); -11.2 {+-} 0.4 (AdN{sub 3} (Ad = 1-adamantyl)); -13.8 {+-} 0.5 (N{sub 2}CHSiMe{sub 3}); -14.9 {+-} 0.9 (pyrazine = pz); -14.8 {+-} 0.6 (2,6-Me{sub 2}pz); -15.5 {+-} 1.8 (Me{sub 2}NCN); -16.6 {+-} 0.4 (CH{sub 3}CN); -17.0 {+-} 0.4 (pyridine); -17.5 {+-} 0.8 ([4-CH{sub 3}pz][PF{sub 6}] (in tetrahydrofuran)); -17.6 {+-} 0.4 (C{sub 6}H{sub 5}CN); -18.6 {+-} 1.8 (N{sub 2}CHC(=O)OEt); and -19.3 {+-} 2.5 kcal mol{sup -1} (pz)Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}). The value for the isonitrile AdNC (-29.0 {+-} 0.3) is 12.3 kcal mol{sup -1} more exothermic than that of the nitrile AdCN (-16.7 {+-} 0.6 kcal mol{sup -1}). The enthalpies of binding of a range of arene nitrile ligands were also studied, and remarkably, most nitrile complexes were clustered within a 1 kcal mol{sup -1} range despite dramatic color changes and variation of v{sub CN}. Computed structural and spectroscopic parameters for the complexes Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}L are in good agreement with experimental data. Computed binding enthalpies for Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}L exhibit considerable scatter and are generally smaller compared to the experimental values, but relative agreement is reasonable. Computed enthalpies of binding using a larger basis set for Mo(PMe{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}L show a better fit to experimental data than that for Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}L using a smaller basis set. Crystal structures of Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(AdCN), W(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(Me{sub 2}NCN), W(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(2,6-F{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 3}CN), W(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(2,4,6-Me{sub 3}C{sub 6}H{sub 2}CN), W(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(2,6-Me{sub 2}pz), W(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(AdCN), Mo(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(AdNC), and W(P{sup i}Pr{sub 3}){sub 2}(CO){sub 3}(AdNC) are reported.

Hoff, C.D.; Muckerman, J.; Achord, P.; Fujita, E.; Scott, B.; Fortman, G.C.; Temprado, M.; Cai, X.; Captain, B.; Isrow, D.; Weir, J.J.; McDonough, J.E.

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - af hoftedysplasi vurdering Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Information Sciences Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 21 20 TEMA: IPR FORSLAG TIL DIFFERENTIERING AF PRISER FOR IPR Summary: en vurdering af prisen. Her...

151

Nickel-Catalyzed Amination of Aryl Carbamates and Sulfamates Using an Air-Stable Precatalyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of aryl pivalates Ni(COD) 2 IPrēHCl NaOtBu R' OCOtBu HN R''Ni(PPh 3 ) 2 (1-naphthyl)Cl IPrēHCl NaOtBu dioxane, 110 įC,

Hie, Liana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

B y R o b e r t C e r v e r o a n d C a t h l e e n S u l l i v a n TODsfor TotsWhat's good  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

auto-mobility. Mixing land uses not only brings destinadons closer but also creates an acdve, \\ibrant

Handy, Susan L.

153

RAMATION V=W Ot TOTS= t sAy VnoffZW COMM1 AV 10i90 2M3 AM=W V A CLSI~LL331M A1N2UW  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298, and 323 K.Office of Science7a.RACETRACK AT ANLR :

154

Name of Institution: UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA SALKEHATCHIE Academic Year for Graduating Students: 1997-1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

participation in the above activities: http://kudzu.ipr.sc.edu/alumni/alumni.htm Responses to Question Responses

Almor, Amit

155

Name of Institution: University of South Carolina Beaufort Academic Year for Graduating Students: 97-98  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influenced my participation in the above activities: http://kudzu.ipr.sc.edu/alumni/alumni.htm Responses

Almor, Amit

156

Name of Institution: USC Lancaster Academic Year for Graduating Students: 1997-98  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Often http://kudzu.ipr.sc.edu/alumni/alumni.htm Responses to Question Responses to Question Responses

Almor, Amit

157

Ministre de l'ducation nationale, de l'enseignement suprieur et de la recherche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sup√©rieure MONTPELLIER AUDOUIN Marie-Claude IA-IPR VERSAILLES BARBOLOSI Dominique Ma√ģtre de conf√©rences AIX-MARSEILLE III BENNEQUIN Daniel Professeur des universit√©s PARIS VII CESARO Joseph IA-IPR NICE CHMURA R√©mi de chaire sup√©rieure lyc√©e F. Mistral AVIGNON COURBON Denise IA-IPR LYON DEGUEN Eliane IA-IPR RENNES

Champion, Thierry

158

Catalytic Asymmetric Fluorination Through an Anionic Phase Transfer Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Reaction Platform and Optimization: Fluorocyclization O O P O O- Na+ iPr iPriPr iPr iPriPr TRIP O O P O OH C8H17 C8H17 iPr iPriPr iPr iPriPr catalyst 1 O NH O 5 mol % catalyst 1.25 equiv. Selectfluor 1

Toste, Dean

159

Synthesis and applications of quinazoline-based fluorescent nucleoside analogues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDC (1.2 eq. ), DMAP (1.2 eq. ), iPr 2 EtN (2.2 eq. ),EDC (1.2 eq. ), DMAP (1.2 eq. ), iPr 2 EtN (2.2 eq. ),Et 3 N, pyridine, 82%. (e) iPr 2 NEt, nBu 2 SnCl 2 , (iPr 3

Xie, Yun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Intellectual Property Rights and International Innovation Walter G. Park,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. On Modeling Assumptions 3.B. North-South Models 3.B.1. Variety Growth Models and IPR 3.B.2. Quality Ladder Models and IPR 3.B.3. Critique of North-South Models 3.C. Innovation and Optimal IPR 3.C.1. Nonlinearities 3.C.2. Stages of Development 3.D. Technology Transfer and IPR 3.D.1. Market Entry 3.D.2. Modes

Lansky, Joshua

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

University Libraries University of Nevada, Las Vegas United States Online Gaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of total poker revenue represented by poker. Month IPR TPR IPR% Feb-14 824,000 9,268,000 8.89% Mar-14 926,000 10,370,000 8.93% Apr-14 792,000 8,789,000 9.01% YTD 2,542,000 28,427,000 8.94% IPR: Interactive (online) poker revenue TPR: Total Poker revenue IPR%: Percentage of total poker revenue that was generated

Hemmers, Oliver

162

MINISTRE DE L'DUCATION NATIONALE, DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT SUPERIEUR ET DE LA RECHERCHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ALESSANDRONI Philippe IA-IPR NANCY METZ Mme AMIOT Martine IA-IPR CRETEIL M. ANDRIEUX Jean-Claude Professeur Agr√©g√© DIJON M. AUBRY Pierre-Jean Professeur Agr√©g√© CRETEIL Mme AUDOUIN Marie-Claude IA-IPR VERSAILLES Mme AYAX Sylvie Professeur Agr√©g√© VERSAILLES M. AYMES Jean IA-IPR TOULOUSE M. BADRA Abdallah Ma√ģtre de

Menichi, Luc

163

Generation of a Doubly Bridging CO2 Ligand and Deoxygenation of CO2 by an (NHC)Ni(0) Complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for CO2, ¬Ķ-2,2-CO2, at a dinickel core. The reaction of [(IPr)Ni(¬Ķ-Cl)]2 18 (IPr ) 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopro, (IPr)- Ni(6-C6D6). We note that this symmetric pattern for the backbone protons is observed in reacted isolation of the product as a solid. Reaction of [(IPr)Ni(¬Ķ-Cl)]2 with Li(HBEt3) or with NaOt-Bu followed

M√ľller, Peter

164

THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1 sous le sceau de l'Universit Europenne de Bretagne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matière présentée par Abdel Razzak Abdel Hamid préparée à l'unité de recherche UMR CNRS 6251 IPR Institut conférence, IPR Rennes / examinateur Denis MORINEAU Directeur de recherche, IPR Rennes / directeur de thèse thèse au sein de laboratoire de l'Institut de Physique de Rennes (IPR) dans l'axe matériaux nanoconfinés

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - aenderungsgenehmigungen zugunsten der Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stehendem Wissen und Information zu... Information Tendenz: Globalisierung + Ausweitung IPR - Starker Widerstand von Seiten der Lnder ... Source: Kuhlen, Rainer - Fachbereich...

166

NMR studies of the conformation of a triazine dendrimer and the synthesis of a platinated triazine dendrimer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 kcal/mol in aprotic solvent with relative populations of the rotamers as 5(E Et ,E iPr ): 3(Z Et ,E iPr ): 3(E Et ,Z iPr ): 1(Z Et ,Z iPr ) (Figure 2.8). 74,75 According to the atrazine studies, the E,E rotamer is the most downfield and the Z...

Moreno, Karlos Xavier

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Performance prediction of oil wells producing water in bounded reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%IS TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . lv LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES V11 X11 INTRODUCTION Research Objectives Background Problem Statement Error Analysis 1 1 2 4 5 MULTIPHASE FLOW EQUATIONS THREE-PHASE FLOW IPR METHODS Brown's Method . Sukarno... 115 CONCLUSIONS . NOMENCLATURE . . . . 117 119 121 VITA 123 LIST OP TABLES Table Page 1 Well Test Information Used in Sample IPR Calculations 12 2 Comparison of IPR Methods to Simulator Case 1, Brown, Fw=25 . 22 3 Comparison of IPR Methods...

Jochen, Valerie Ann Ellis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

N d'ordre : 4536 ANNE 2012 THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, IPR Institut de Physique de Rennes D√©partement Mat√©riaux Nanosciences UFR Sciences et Propri√©t√©s de la / rapporteur Peter Kr√ľger MC, ICB Dijon / examinateur Jean-Pierre Landesman PR, IPR Rennes / examinateur Guy J√©z√©quel PR √©m√©rite, IPR Rennes / directeur de th√®se Philippe Schieffer PR, IPR Rennes / directeur de th√®se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Fusion Energy Sciences Network Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), in Gujarat, India.Physics Institute for Plasma Research International Tokamak

Dart, Eli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Kinetic, Mechanistic, and Spectroscopic Studies of the Mo/Cu Containing CO dehydrogenase of Oligotropha carboxidovorans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et. al. where active site models [Tp iPr MoO(OAr)(?-S)Cu(triazacyclononane) (Tp iPr ) = hydrotris(3-isopropylpyrazol-of CO dehydrogenase: [Tp iPr Mo (V) (O)(OAr)(?-S)Cu (I) (Me

Wilcoxen, Jarett Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Recasting the coach as a welfare agent: transprofessional possibilities in the age of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Moving into the future IPR Conference June 2011: McEwan & Taylor 2 #12;Government policy for the health benefits of participation in sport at all levels' (Richard Caborn, 2006) IPR Conference June 2011 relationships · Transprofessionalism? IPR Conference June 2011: McEwan & Taylor 4 #12;Transprofessionalism

172

DESY 06198 HUEP06/38  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; #12; = 8:10 #21; [MeV] IPR 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 FIGURE 1. Left using the finite volume prediction of quenched chiral perturbation theory. Right: The average IPR ratio (IPR) of the zeromodes and non­zeromodes is presented. In the spectral region of strong volume

173

Integrated Program Review Fish and Wildlife Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Program Review (IPR) Fish and Wildlife Program Costs May 20, 2010 Presented to Northwest-2013 data is based on the proposed IPR spending levels as of May 13, 2010. Total $ 155 4 20 34 4 445 116 778 Program Proposed Expense Budget F&W Program Expense Budget IPR FY 2012 FY 2013 Base * 239,634,000 243

174

Structured RLC codes: Vincent Roca (Inria, France)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be applied for by our employer lif you believe some aspects may infringe IPR you are aware of, then fill in an IPR disclosure and please, let us know http://irtf.org/ipr" 2 hal-00955772,version1-5Mar2014 #12;Our

Boyer, Edmond

175

MINISTRE DE LA JEUNESSE, DE L'DUCATION ET DE LA RECHERCHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. CANET Jean Fran√ßois IA-IPR Vice-pr√©sident Montpellier M. CORI Ren√© Ma√ģtre de Conf√©rences Besan√ßon M. AGUER Bernard IA-IPR Amiens M. ALESSANDRONI Philippe IA-IPR Nancy-Metz Mme AMIOT

Menichi, Luc

176

Marine-derived heterocycles : structural, synthetic and biological investigations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 ]ēCHCl 3 (4-CH 3 OPh) 3 P, iPr 2 NEt DMF, 80 įC SnBu 3 COnuclear Overhauser effect iPr isopropyl PG protecting groupO O TBSO i) 1.23, TiCl 4 , iPr 2 NEt CH 2 Cl 2 , ! 20 įC ii)

Skepper, Colin K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COORDINATION AND SUPPORT ACTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@epss-fp7.org IPR help desk http://www.ipr-helpdesk.org Ethics help desk http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/get on Audit Certification Guide for beneficiaries Guide to Financial Issues · Guide to IPR · Checklist

De Cindio, Fiorella

178

Anatomy of a SAR impulse response.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A principal measure of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image quality is the manifestation in the SAR image of a spatial impulse, that is, the SAR's Impulse Response (IPR). IPR requirements direct certain design decisions in a SAR. Anomalies in the IPR can point to specific anomalous behavior in the radar's hardware and/or software.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the upcoming Integrated Program Review (IPR) · March: Release of long-term capital asset strategies · April/July: IPR to discuss FY13-15 expense and capital · September: IPR close-out · November: FY14-15 Initial Rate

180

Adaptive architectures for peak power management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iq fq ialu falu ldst ic dc ipr fpr g721d mesa-texgen epiciq fq ialu falu ldst ic dc ipr fpr perim big mst treeaddNas iq fq ialu falu ldst ic dc ipr fpr mg.big ft.big sp.big

Kontorinis, Vasileios

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

NUCLEAR SCIENCE ANNUAL REPORT 1977-1978  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lJINC352139(73)! ; othl!! r~: IPR 86 565(52), PR 79 1014(66H; others: jAr kF 17 337(60l! IPR 96548(54 H; other. :IPR 78 191 (50), PR 72 766( 4 7)f Cia ēē : A: Ident: chem,

Schroeder, L.S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Synthetic studies toward the pladienolide and spirohexenolide natural products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R = OBn, 75% OMe N BOMCl, iPr 2 NEt, TBAI, THF, rt OH quant.crystal of n-Bu 4 NI, and iPr 2 NEt (5 ?L, 0.021 mmol) via3 SMe 2 or BH 3 -THF O PyBOP, iPr 2 NEt, MeONHMe*HCl, O O O

Jones, Brian D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Consumer Alert Pirated Software May Contain Malware  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Today, the National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination (IPR) Center - of which the FBI is a key sellers of pirated software, submit a tip to the IPR Center or the Internet Crime Complaint Center. And know this: Pirated software is just one of the many threats that the IPR Center and the FBI

Bernstein, Phil

184

Gold(I)-Catalyzed Nucleophilic Additions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ?-Aminoallenes. Me Me iPr 2 mol% AuCl 3 OBn CH 2Cl 2 , 23 ļC NHR H OBn iPr N R entry R = time % yield % drDihydroisoxazole Formation. Me Me iPr OBn H 2 N OBn 5 mol%

LaLonde, Rebecca Lyn K. C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The Development and Application of Phosphine-Catalyzed Annulation Reactions: Synthetic Studies on the Total Synthesis of (Ī)-Reserpine and Studies Concerning Torquoselectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100% H OBn OMe 2. ClCO 2 Me, iPr 2 NEt CH 2 Cl 2 , 0 įC H Nmixed double-Michael addition entry substrate iPr O OOH NHTs iPr N Ts 1a yield% (cis:trans) product OMe 2a O O 1a

Barcan, Gregg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

BPA Integrated Program Review 1 Bonneville Power Administration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Integrated Program Review (IPR) is a collaborative informal process designed to lay out the major program on program levels to be included in rates. · Input received in the IPR informs BPA's decisions on the program Sequence of Events for IPR · The first several workshops focused on costs to be included in Power rates

187

Carborane Anions: As Weakly Coordinating Counterions and Coordinating Ligands for Catalyst Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phosphine anion, iPr 2 P(CB 11 Cl 11 ) - .Upon coordinationSpecifically, we targeted iPr 2 P(CB 11 Cl 11 ) ? Li + (2),the dianionic intermediate with iPr 2 PCl afforded 2 in 98 %

Wright, James Henry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

RALLYE MATHMATIQUE D'AUVERGNE 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

résoudre. Bon courage à tous ! Françoise Barachet, IA-IPR en mathématiques Jean-Alain Roddier, IA-IPR en posées, l'argumentation, la présentation. Conception et Rédaction : IREM, APMEP, IUFM, IA­IPR de

Sart, Remi

189

Thermodynamics and Enzymatic Polymerization of Artificial Metallo-Nucleic Acids AND Investigation of Duplex Formation between GAN and RNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

įC rt (92%). (c) DMTrCl, pyridine, rt (69%). (d) (iPr) 2 NP(Cl)OEtCN, (iPr) 2 NEt, CH 2 Cl 2 , rt (71%). Scheme 1. 7N,N-diisopropylehylamine ((iPr) 2 NEt) and 2-cyanoehtyl-N,N-

Kim, Eun Kyong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Synthesis of Small Molecule Candidate Insulin Mimics by the Claisen Rearrangement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

growth factor receptor iPr Isopropyl IR Insulin receptor IRR = Bu 78 R = allyl 79 R = iPr DIPEA, toluene rt, Ar O O N RR = Me 109 R = Bu 110 R = iPr Scheme 2.34 Sonogashira-indole

Nalbandian, Jenifer N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

10 Year Anniversary! We had a wonderful celebration in May to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

graphs (IPR) similar to that provided with the MidYIS first feedback. Each Yellis pupil will have an IPR that the Yellis average for each section is 100. The IPR graphs show high and low developed ability at Year 11

Hickman, Mark

192

Evaluation of Acid Fracturing Using the Method of Distributed Volumetric Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid volume versus cumulative production with optimum fracture half length............................................................................................40 4.1 For Well SA-2, IPR and VLP curves shows production rates... at the beginning of production....................................................................................47 4.2 For Well SA-2, IPR & VLP curves shows production rates at the end of production history; the absolute open flow (AOF) of IPR is much less...

Lee, Jaehun

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

193

Strategisk velovervejet patentering af offentlige forskningsresultater vinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for danske virksomheders innovationsmuligheder. Intellectual Property Rights - IPR - er inden for de seneste sidste 3-4 √•r at IPR er tr√¶ngt ind i forskningsinstitutionernes bevidsthed. Vi ser nu en udvikling hvor med et h√łjt vidensindhold. "Min filosofi er at mere viden giver et bedre Side 5 Forskning og IPR

194

Newman Projection Practice 1 Organic Chemistry I Jasperse Newman Projection Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and iPr = isopropyl · Assume that a halogen, OH, or NH2 is smaller than a CH3 or any other alkyl group. Et Et Cl iPr Et Et iPr Et Et (See page 4 for some summary of operations/steps for handling Newman CH3 H 9. H CH3 H H CH3 H H CH3 H CH3 H H 10. H H H H H H H H H H H H 11. H CH3 iPr H CH3 H H CH3 iPr

Jasperse, Craig P.

195

Newman Projection Practice 1 Organic Chemistry I Jasperse Newman Projection Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and iPr = isopropyl · Assume that a halogen, OH, or NH2 is smaller than a CH3 or any other alkyl group. Et Et Cl iPr Et Et iPr Et Et (See page 4 for some summary of operations/steps for handling Newman CH3 H H CH3 H H CH3 H CH3 H H 10. H H H H H H H H H H H H 11. H CH3 iPr H CH3 H H CH3 iPr H H H3C 12

Jasperse, Craig P.

196

Automatic Assignment of Protein Function with Supervised Classifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- stitute (EBI) has created a federated database called InterPro (IPR) [10] which serves as a central reference for several protein families and functional domain databases. These functional domain data serveas useful resources for understanding protein func... of Positive Examples Number of Negative Examples GO:0000001 22 4568 GO:0000022 15 4575 GO:0000776 12 4578 GO:0005635 35 4555 GO term Number of Positive Examples Number of Negative Examples IPR000002 5 4585 IPR000009 2 4588 IPR000073 13 4577 IPR000120 2 4588 B...

Jung, Jae

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

197

Alkyne Activation DOI: 10.1002/anie.201101090  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 T [8C] t [h] Yield [%][a] 1 CO2tBu Ph TES iPr RT 12 83 2 CO2Et H TES iPr 0 4 87 3 CO2Et H TES Bn 0 4 67 4 COSBu Ph TES iPr √?20 1 69 5 COStBu Ph TMS iPr √?20 1 67 6 COStBu Ph TIPS iPr √?20 1 75 7 COStBu Ph TES tBu √?20 1 78 8 COStBu vinyl TES iPr √?20 1 71 9 COStBu 2-naph TES iPr √?20 1 76 10 COStBu o

Lepore, Salvatore D.

198

AGENDA (UK) IF VERGADERINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EN BESTUUR WORD GENOOI) WOENSDAG 20 FEBRUARIE 2013 (12:00 tot 17:30 by die Wallenberg Sentrum (STIAS

Geldenhuys, Jaco

199

Kenmerk CvB 2004/3017 Overeenkomst flexibele werkduur ingaande 1-1-2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

berekeningsbasis voor de werkduur de 38-urige werkweek. 4. Voor medewerkers onder schaal 11 die niet tot de UFO O

Franssen, Michael

200

Asymmetric Hydrogenations of Chiral Acyclic Alkenes for Important Chiron Syntheses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?s catalyst are iridium complexes with oxazoline derived N,P-ligands13-21 (Figure 1.1). Scheme 1.1. Synthesis of iridium catalyst bearing NHC-oxazoline ligand. N I O AdN N DMF 100 oC, 12h quantitive yield + iPr iPr iPr iPr N O N N+ Ad... I- Ad Ir N Ar N N O NAr N+ Ad O N + BARF-I- (i) [Ir(COD)Cl]2, LiOtBu THF, 70 oC, 16 h (ii) NaBARF 1:1 H2O:CH2Cl2 Ar = iPr iPr Ad = (S)-1, 64% 4 As N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) are frequently regarded as the mimics...

Zhu, Ye

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Communiqudepresse S E R V I C E P R E S S E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inauguration de l'Institut de Physique de Rennes (IPR) Université de Rennes 1- CNRS L'inauguration de l Renault est nommée directrice de l'IPR et Ian Sims, le directeur adjoint. Programme de la journée : 14 h posters présentant chaque équipe de l'IPR, démonstration de matériels scientifiques (pendule de Foucault

Rennes, Université de

202

New convertible isocyanides for the Ugi Reaction : application to the stereoselective synthesis of omuralide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CO 2 H (68%, 2 steps) Me NH iPr HO O 1. NaNO 2 (80% 2 steps)Conjugate Addition Strategy PMB iPr TfO HO N O Me tBu O N O2.3.2.1b). 58 O O OH Me iPr NC PMB NH 2 Scheme 2.3.2.1b O H

Gilley, Cynthia Brooke

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

IRD Sige, 44, boulevard de dunkerque 13572 Marseille cedex 02 Coopration scientifique internationale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dr. Dramane Kaba, directeur de l'Institut Pierre Richet (IPR) et du représentant du ministère de la de la lutte contre les maladies à vecteurs. Partenaires scientifiques depuis 1955, l'IRD et l'IPR ont renforcé leur collaboration depuis 2012, avec la participation de l'IPR à des jeunes équipes associées

204

The Total Synthesis of Galbulimima Alkaloid (+/-) G. B. 13 and the Development of an Anomalous Heck Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OTBDPS Bn OTBDPS N LiClO 4 , iPr 2 NEt O Bn O O N O (S)-1.73H OTBDPS H Me NHBoc H LiClO 4 , iPr 2 NEt O (MeO) 2 P Me O Hbases (LDA, NaHMDS, 24 iPr 2 NMgBr) and trap the resultant

Larson, Kimberly Katherine

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Development and Applications of N-Sulfinyl Organocatalysts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ph o -Tol 1-naphthyl p-MeO-Ph iPr Ar Ph Ph Ph Ph Ph Ph Ph Ph4-OMe-Ph 2-Np 6-OMe-2-Np Cy iPr Ph Ph Ph Ph 4-CF 3 -Ph 2-Npyield 85:15 dr, 95% ee NO 2 R iPr 2 NEt (0.5 equiv) MeCN, -

Robak, MaryAnn Theresa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

COMMUNICATIONS 1100 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, 1998 1433-7851/98/3708-1100 $ 17.50+.50/0 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1998, 37, No. 8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R R OMs OMs R R OH OH PH2 PH2 P P R R R R R = Me, 1 , NaH > 99 % MsCl, Et3N CH2Cl2 R = iPr , 2 R = Me, 3 R = iPr, 4 R = Me, 5, 43 % R = iPr, 6, 54%HMPA, THF, 0 ¬įC 20 ¬įC Scheme 1. Synthesis of the PennPho

Zhang, Xumu

207

THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1 sous le sceau de l'Universit Europenne de Bretagne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mati√®re ¬Ľ pr√©sent√©e par Aline Gardez pr√©par√©e √† l'unit√© de recherche UMR CNRS 6251, IPR Institut de-Leclerc (examinatrice) D.R. CNRS, ENSIC Nancy Yveline Lebreton (examinatrice) Astronome, Observatoire de Paris et IPR Universit√© de Rennes 1 Alexandra Viel (examinatrice) C.R CNRS, IPR Universit√© de Rennes 1 Robert Georges

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - anhang zum bericht Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Nebengesetzen Erg.Bd.: Einfhrungsgesetz zum Brgerlichen GesetzbuchIPR, Art 13-18 EGBGB; Anhang zu Art 13... : Einfhrungsgesetz zum Brgerlichen...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - auzinsh dmitry budk Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

19 Rainis Boulevard, Riga LV-1586... . Corresponding authors are David Sarkisyan (david@ipr.sci.am) and Marcis Auzinsh (mauzins@latnet.lv). REFERENCES... - 631 (2003). 5. A....

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol acyltransferase awat Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genomics Division Collection: Biology and Medicine 30 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: or acyltransferases (alphabeta hydrolase...

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldehyde dehydrogenase ratald Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reserve University Collection: Biology and Medicine 40 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 110580 elongation factor ts Aldehyde...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldo-keto reductase family Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Harvard University Collection: Biology and Medicine 20 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: reductase -NA- Predicted oxidoreductases...

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - atzanas jautjum otr Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

overall in both the occipi- totemporal region (OTR) and the intraparietal region (IPR... ). A difference was found between primed and non- primed objects in the rate of...

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - act infringes eu Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences ; Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 5 The nature of the Chinese IPR administrative enforcement system Salom Lachat*, Daniel Lachat** Summary: infringement,...

215

E-Print Network 3.0 - adoptively transferred natural Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

innovation. Then, we suggest indicators likely to characterize the nature of adoption. (IPR... in the second section we comment the innovation adoption according to the nature of...

216

Microsoft Word - Draft EBT Analysis_Port Townsend 8.16.12.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and agency decisions regarding capital and program spending as of the completed 2010 IPR. BPA has incorporated all assumptions as used in the REP-12 proceeding with the...

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - af fysisk traening Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Information Sciences 48 Med systemet LogTracker kan man Summary: . TEMA: IPR En metode baseret p billedgenken- delse udviklet af Dralle AS er langt mere prcis...

218

Microsoft Word - Draft EBT Analysis_Alcoa -10.10.12 _REDLINE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and agency decisions regarding capital and program spending as of the completed 2010 IPR. BPA has incorporated all assumptions as used in the REP-12 proceeding with the...

219

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-385 Dynasty...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF SUEZ Energy Marketing (GSEMNA): Federal Register Notice, Volume 77, No. 129 - July...

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldehyde dehydrogenase Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reserve University Collection: Biology and Medicine 40 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 110580 elongation factor ts Aldehyde...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - agreements affect access Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlled Fusion Atomic Data Center (CFADC) Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 10 IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions Summary: Words...

222

Microsoft Word - FINAL ROD - Port Townsend FINAL BLACKLINE 11...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and agency decisions regarding capital and program spending as of the completed 2010 IPR. BPA has incorporated all assumptions as used in the REP-12 proceeding with the...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dehydrogenase ii Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 44 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: -binding dehydrogenase family protein...

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - adrenomedullin prevents sex-dependent Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 AC6 overexpression enhances the inhibition of collagen synthesis mediated by AR and IPR Source: Ostrom, Rennolds - Department of Pharmacology, University of Tennessee Health...

225

E-Print Network 3.0 - aneurisme uden samtidig Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Universitet Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 7 16 TEMA: IPR MORTEN ANDERSEN > Summary: mere effektiv. Samtidig er lsningen fleksibel, fordi man...

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomy-based inverse planning Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in Fully-Discretized Inverse Problems of Summary: of Iterative Prescription Refinement (IPR) for inverse planning in any fully-discretized model of radiation... ), for inverse...

227

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Program Review Regionwide The next meeting will be held May 28. The IPR occurs every two years and gives participants an opportunity to review and comment on...

228

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dehydrogenase family Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genetics, Yale University Collection: Biology and Medicine 44 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: -binding dehydrogenase family protein...

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - af industriel drivhusgasreduktion Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 30 16 TEMA: IPR MORTEN ANDERSEN > Summary: p grund af hyppige jordsklv, og for det andet fordi et...

230

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BPA kicked off its 2012 Integrated Program Review in early June and posted its Initial IPR Publication at the website listed below. BPA encourages interested parties to review...

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing combined effects Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

meth.shtml accessed on 982008 University of South Carolina website http:kudzu.ipr.sc.edueffectiveness... Texas Tech University Office of Planning ... Source: Westfall,...

232

Joint Press Release TWELFTH ITER NEGOTIATION MEETING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@mail.most.gov.cn India Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 Prof. P.K. Kaw Kaw@ipr.res.in Japan 12

233

(N-heterocyclic-carbene)Copper(I)-catalyzed carbon-carbon bond formation using carbon dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents work towards the development of a new catalytic C-C bond forming reaction. Alkynes and olefins insert into [(IPr)CuH]2 (IPr = N,N-bis-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,3-imidazol-2-ylidene) to give copper vinyl ...

Sirokman, Gergely

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Marine-derived heterocycles : structural, synthetic and biological investigations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OMOM i) iPr 2 NP(OFm) 2 tetrazole MeCN/CH 2 Cl 2 , rt OBnO OAc i) iPr 2 NP(OFm) 2 tetrazole MeCN/CH 2 Cl 2 rt, 40 minmg, 0.0021 mmol) and tetrazole (4.34 mg, 0.0062 mmol, 183 ĶL

Skepper, Colin K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Pergamon Tetrahedron Letters 41 (2000) 15151518 TETRAHEDRON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% w/w), iPr2NH, 3¬≠10 h, 120¬≠140¬įC; (iv) TBDMS-C^CH (1.5 equiv.), Pd(PPh3)4 (10% w/w), iPr2NH, 3 h, 120

Rusell, K.C.

236

General inflow performance relationship for solution-gas reservoir wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two equations are developed to describe the inflow performance relationship (IPR) of wells producing from solution-gas drive reservoirs. These are general equations (extensions of the currently available IPR's) that apply to wells with any drainage-area shape at any state of completion flow efficiency and any stage of reservoir depletion. 7 refs.

Dias-Couto, L.E.; Golan, M.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

fur Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

practical applications. PACS numbers: 05.45.Xt, 89.75.Kd Electronic address: gautam@ipr.res.in Electronic address: abhijit@ipr.res.in Electronic address: atay@member.ams.org 1 #12;The study of time delay induced

238

IITM CSC Article #63 24 July 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

due to its political environment and forces which act on it, that compels it to yield unsatisfactory is that the government does not adequately enforce IPR. Sale of illegal DVDs, computer software and books often invite in the development of IPR norms, given that the state acquired economic exploitation rights. It was only with Deng

Bhashyam, Srikrishna

239

UNCORRECTEDPROOF Please cite this article in press as: Park, W.G., International patent protection: 19602005, Res Policy (2008),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rights (IPR) influence18 R&D and innovation, international trade and technology19 transfer, productivity technology transfer and IPR, see Javorcik (2002), Park and Lippoldt (2005), and Branstetter et al. (2006UNCORRECTEDPROOF Please cite this article in press as: Park, W.G., International patent protection

Lansky, Joshua

240

Desi Bouterse, Van autoritair-populistisch leider naar charismatisch-populistisch leider.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In 1980 pleegde Bouterse met vijftien andere sergeanten een staatsgreep in Suriname. Bouterse werd al snel de leider van het militair regime, dat tot 1986Ö (more)

Maschhaupt, Reineke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Slavernij in perspectief: Mondialisering en erfgoed in Suriname, Ghana, Zuid-Afrika en CuraÁao.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??abstractScherpe concurrentie dreef vanaf de vijftiende eeuw een aantal opkomende Europese naties tot intercontinentale scheepvaart, de bezetting van overzeese gebieden en de onderwerping van overzeeseÖ (more)

V.T. Smeulders (Valika)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Bacheloropleiding Technische Natuurkunde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-speler of zonnecellen die licht naar energie omzetten. Van akoestiek, optica, transportverschijnselen tot nanofysica en en optica Inleiding Elektriciteit en Magnetisme Moderne Natuurkunde Proped. Keuzevak Thermo

Langendoen, Koen

243

Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

product consumption Nat Gas NGL Additives Crude Tot Pet.Pet Coke Lubricants Asphalt Waxes Special Naphtha Petrochem feedstocks Other Petro Prods Coal Net reconciliation error Total Consumption

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Genetical genomics with Affymetrix gene expression arrays.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Complexe eigenschappen zijn eigenschappen die onder invloed van meerdere factoren tot stand komen. Dit kunnen zowel genetische als omgevingsfactoren zijn. Deze factoren werken vaak samenÖ (more)

Alberts, Rudi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

War by Proxy? De betrokkenheid van Iran bij de terreurbeweginen Hezbollah, Hamas en Palestijnse Islamitische Jihad.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Op welke wijze is Iran vanaf 1979 tot heden betrokken geweest bij de terreurbewegingen Hezbollah, Palestijnse Islamitische Jihad en Hamas en is het terecht omÖ (more)

Soest, A. van

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

How to construct self/anti-self charge conjugate states for higher spins?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and S,A (p) are: S (p) = 1 2 E +m ipl i(p- +m) p- +m -pr ,S (p) = 1 2 E +m -i(p+ +m) -ipr) ipr -pl (p+ +m) , (4) and S (p) = 1 2 E +m p+ +m pr ipl -i(p+ +m) ,S (p) = 1 2 E +m pl (p- +m) i(p- +m) -ipr , (5) A (p) = 1 2 E +m p+ +m pr -ipl i(p+ +m) ,A (p) = 1 2 E +m

247

Advection at a randomly positioned spherical edge I = (i, j, k) = coordinates of "north pole"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perpendicular to edge e = E·S = w E·W + n E·N = velocity component parallel to edge F·W = (kpp + kqq - ipr - jqr - ipr - jqr) / cos cos = (k - r sin) / cos cos = F·W (F·W)2 + (E·W)2 = (F·N)2 + (E·N)2 = (F·W)2 + (F·N)2 = (E·W)2 + (E·N)2 = 1 / = W·F cos / cos = (kpp + kqq - ipr - jqr) / cos2 / = W·E / cos = (jp - iq

248

P, C and T for Truly Neutral Particles Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ipl i(p- +m) p- +m -pr , S (p¬Ķ ) = 1 2 E +m -i(p+ +m) -ipr -pl (p+ +m) , (9) A (p¬Ķ ) = 1 2 E +m -ipl -i(p- +m) (p- +m) -pr , A (p¬Ķ ) = 1 2 E +m i(p+ +m) ipr -pl (p+ +m) , (10) S (p¬Ķ ) = 1 2 E +m p+ +m pr ipl -i(p+ +m) , S (p¬Ķ ) = 1 2 E +m pl (p- +m) i(p- +m) -ipr

249

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2017 Danylo B. Oryshchyn NETL Albany, OR (Bldg 17 R113) Low-Pressure Integrated Pollution Removal (IPR)for Jupiter Oxygen Burner Test Facility Research of the efficiency of...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomization characteristics final Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 15 The properties of amorphous GaN B. Cai and D. A. Drabold Summary: IPR and projected them onto individual atom sites. In Fig.5, we present the characteristic...

251

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

have been scheduled for the week of July 17 and Aug. 2. For more information on the IPR process, go to http:www.bpa.govcorporate FinanceIBRIPRindex.cfm. For a list of...

252

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-327-A...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

77, No. 102 - May 25, 2012 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF SUEZ Energy Marketing (GSEMNA): Federal Register Notice, Volume 77, No. 129 - July...

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom tranfer radical Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10, 1993" Abstract: The N-isopropylated hydrazine radical cations from 7 (22t... Bu,iPr) and 9 (22iPr2) are isolable and are the first examples of isolable hydrazine radical...

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - alain le mhaut Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maryline Guilloux... Rennes, le 11 mai 2011 Institut de Physique de Rennes www.ipr.univ-rennes1.fr Btiment 11A... son directeur, Alain Fontaine 12h Remise de la...

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma pleomorfo gigante Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

256

E-Print Network 3.0 - afnavling af det Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Databases and Resources Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 16 TEMA: IPR MORTEN ANDERSEN > Summary: p grund af hyppige jordsklv, og for det andet fordi et...

257

COMMUNICATIONS Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1999, 38, No. 6 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, 1999 1433-7851/99/3806-0813 $ 17.50+.50/0 813  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1433-7851/99/3806-0813 $ 17.50+.50/0 813 [{MeAl(m2-F)}2N(2,6-iPr2C6H3)]4√ź A Molecular Al-F-N Cage describe the synthesis of [(2,6-iPr2C6H3NH)MeAl(m2-F)]4 (1) and its pyrolysis to the first Al-F-N cageF and (2,6-iPr2C6H3)NH2 (Scheme 1). Scheme 1. Synthesis of 1 and 2. Ar 2,6-iPr2C6H3. In the first step

M√ľller, Peter

258

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-98-M WSPP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Western Systems Power Pool Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-386 IPR-GDF SUEZ Energy Marketing (GSEMNA): Federal Register Notice, Volume 77, No. 129 - July...

259

RELEVANT SPECTROSCOPIC DATA Figure A.1: 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 25¬įC, 499.85 MHz) of 1iPr Figure A.12: 1 H NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 70¬įC, 499.85 MHz) of 1iPr Figure A.13: 13 C{1 H} NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25¬įC, 125.70 MHz) of 1iPr #12;228 Figure A.14: 31 P{1 H} NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25¬įC, 121.48 MHz) of 1iPr #12;229 Figure A.15: 1 H-13 C HSQC NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25¬įC, 499

Winfree, Erik

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenomas hipofisarios productores Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenomas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - anvendelse af skovene Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

en lovgivning, som sikrer en bredygtig drift af skovene, men det er ikke... . TEMA: IPR En metode baseret p billedgenken- delse udviklet af Dralle AS er langt mere prcis...

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic energy authority Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

low-energy modes 10 that are most probably associated... the new Fig. 3. VDOS and IPR low-energy region snapshots for pure' ... Source: Drabold, David - Department of...

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - applicability domain problem Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QoS Provisioning Over Heterogeneous Network Domains applicable patent or other IPR claims of which he or she is aware have been or will be ... Source: Monteiro, Edmundo -...

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma tubulo velloso Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma hipofisiario asociado Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldo-keto reductase superfamily Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University in St. Louis Collection: Biology and Medicine 20 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 798667 NAME? Twin-arginine translocation...

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma hipofisiario productor Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

269

A Global-Local Strategy for Modeling the Transient Response of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bpi ¬ĮIpr ¬®Ar i + N k=1 ^I(k) sp ¬®a(k) si + ¬ĮRpi - ¬ĮFpi - ¬Įpi d+ Bpi x ¬ĮNpi d- Bpi ¬ĮTpi d = 0 b(k) qi ^T (k) qi d = 0 where ¬ĮIpr , ^I(k) sp , and ~I(k) qs are dynamic resultants: ¬ĮIpr := h GpGr dx3 Bpi ¬ĮIpr ¬®Ar i + N k=1 ^I(k) sp ¬®a(k) si + ¬ĮRpi - ¬ĮFpi - ¬Įpi d+ Bpi x ¬ĮNpi d- Bpi ¬ĮTpi d = 0 b

Mourad, Hashem

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkylated trimethylene-bridged bisp-phenylenedia...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the tetraisopropyl-substituted bis-trimethylene-bridged... . The trimethylene-bridged 1(iPr)+ has its NIR-Vis spectrum in HFP (Figure 6) noticeably broadened compared to the...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma acidophil Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenomas hipofisarios secretores Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

273

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma chromophobe Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

274

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma pleomorphic adenoma Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - af det danskfaglige Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Databases and Resources Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 16 TEMA: IPR MORTEN ANDERSEN > Summary: p grund af hyppige jordsklv, og for det andet fordi et...

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma silente subtipo Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

277

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the 2014 Capital Investment Review, for the fiscal year 2016-2017 rate period. The IPR is a public discussion of the agency's proposed expense and capital costs that will be...

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldo-keto reductase akr1b10 Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Harvard University Collection: Biology and Medicine 24 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 798667 NAME? Twin-arginine translocation...

279

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenoma Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldo-keto reductase 1c1 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Harvard University Collection: Biology and Medicine 25 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 798667 NAME? Twin-arginine translocation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institute Collection: Biotechnology ; Chemistry 39 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 30748 COG0399 10 18087 X X X X 2 310365...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - af sektorgraenserne det Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Databases and Resources Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 16 TEMA: IPR MORTEN ANDERSEN > Summary: p grund af hyppige jordsklv, og for det andet fordi et...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldosterone-producing adrenocortical adenoma...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images of rectal tissue samples from adenoma-free subjects and from... deviation of IPR between control and adenoma patients appears to be around L 75 nm, but more prominent...

284

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and June 21, 9 a.m.-12 p.m., BPA Rates Hearing Room, 911 N.E. 11th Ave., Portland, Ore. IPR Discussion Meetings (topics TBD) * July 16-19, see www.bpa.govgocalendar for updated...

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldo-keto reductase 1c Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University in St. Louis Collection: Biology and Medicine 18 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 798667 NAME? Twin-arginine translocation...

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldo keto reductase Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University in St. Louis Collection: Biology and Medicine 18 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 798667 NAME? Twin-arginine translocation...

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - a2 15-prostaglandin dehydrogenase Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Texas at Austin Collection: Biology and Medicine 10 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: 4642 0 30154 X 21 160446 160964 morn...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - amino metabolism modifications Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rockefeller University Collection: Biology and Medicine 36 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: - ABC-type dipeptide transport system,...

289

The effects of intellectual property on innovation : implications for R&D in biotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) on innovation in the field of biotechnology are considered through assessment of their effects on upstream innovation and downstream development. Two case studies involving ...

Gonzalez, Muriel Eugenia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Nickel-catalyzed preparation of acrylamides from alpha olefins and isocyanates ; Synthetic studies toward ripostatin A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter I. In the presence of the N-heterocyclic carbene ligand IPr, the nickel(0)-catalyzed coupling reaction of a-olefins and branched aliphatic isocyanates provides c,-unsaturated amides arising from preferential C-C ...

Schleicher, Kristin D. (Kristin Diann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Fusion Energy Sciences Network Requirements Review Final Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a web interface. Steady State Tokamak (SST-1) is located at the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), in Bhat, India. It is the smallest of all the new superconducting...

292

Jupiter Oxygen Corporation/Albany Research Center Crada Progress Report, September  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Albany Research Center (ARC) has developed a new Integrated Pollutant Removal (IPR) process for fossil-fueled boilers. Pursuant to a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) with Jupiter Oxygen Corporation, ARC currently is studying the IPR process as applied to the oxygen fuel technology developed by Jupiter. As discussed further below, these two new technologies are complementary. This interim report summarizes the study results to date and outlines the potential activities under the next phase of the CRADA with Jupiter.

Turner, Paul C.; Schoenfield, Mark (Jupiter Oxygen Corp.)

2004-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

293

Evaluation of whole-animal data using the ion parametric resonance model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes observed in the behavioral response of land snails from exposure to parallel ac and dc magnetic fields demonstrate limited agreement with the predictions of an interaction model proposed by Lednev and the predictions of a recently proposed ion parametric resonance (IPR) model. However, the inadequate number of reported data points, particularly in a critical exposure range, prevents unambiguous application of either the Lednev or the IPR model.

Blanchard, J.P. [Bechtel Corporation Research and Development Dept., San Francisco, CA (United States); House, D.E.; Blackman, C.F. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Ylides: Stabilization of Novel, Low Valent Carbon-Based Ligands with Applications in Catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPh 2 Me R 2 P C SPh 2 R = iPr 2 N Scheme 1.1. Synthesis of2 P C SPh 2 H OTf SPh 2 R = iPr 2 N 2 KHMDS CuCl Me R 2 P N(KHMDS P P -HCCl 3 R R R = N(iPr) 2 Scheme 3.1. Synthesis of

Asay, Matt

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Fundamental Studies of Molybdenum and Tungsten Methylidene and Metallacyclobutane Complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Addition of ethylene to Mo(NAr)(CHCMe2Ph)(OHIPT)(Pyr) (NAr = N-2,6-i-Pr2C6H3, OHIPT = O-2,6-(2,4,6-i-Pr3C6H2)2C6H3, Pyr = NC4H4) led to the trigonal-bipyramidal metallacyclobutane complex Mo(NAr)(C3H6)(OHIPT)(Pyr), in which ...

Schrock, Richard Royce

296

New inflow performance relationships for gas condensate reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)................................................................................................................... 8 1.8 Oil mobility profiles as a function of pressure ? various flowrates ("Case 2") (after Wiggins, et al.) .................................................................................................................... 9 1.9 Schematic gas... Cases #0;z#0;z Appendix B ? Simulation Cases used for Validation (Gas Condensate Systems #0;z#0;z Appendix C ? IPR Model ? Wiggins, et al. Approach for Solution Gas-Drive Systems #0;z#0;z Appendix D ? IPR Model ? New Approach for Solution Gas...

Del Castillo Maravi, Yanil

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

297

Inflow performance relationship curves in two-phase and three-phase flow conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research investigates inflow performance relationship IPR curves for two and three-phase flow conditions, using a one-dimensional, three-phase cylindrical reservoir simulator. Using the simulator, a new method for predicting future IPR curves was developed. IPR curves for two-phase flow conditions from a well producing from low permeability formations are also presented. The purpose of this investigation is to predict the IPR curves at pseudo-steady state conditions using flowing test data obtained during the transient period. The new equations have also been applied to data from the simulator with good agreement. Three-phase IPR curves are also determined by using the simulator, and seven different hypothetical three-phase reservoir cases were studied. Three-hundred and eighty five data points were collected using 5 different values of water cut. Regression analysis techniques were applied to the data points and the new equations for predicting the three-phase IPR curves were developed. Comparison of the new equations to results from the simulator show excellent agreement.

Sukarno, P.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Soviet image pattern recognition research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an assessment of the published Soviet image pattern recognition (IPR) research and was written by a panel of six US academic experts in that research field. Image pattern recognition is a set of technological research topics involving automatic or interactive computer processing of pictorial information, utilizing optical, electronic, and computer technologies. This report focuses on IPR system configuration (optical, hybrid, digital), and current research. The topical chapter headings are Image Processing Hardware and Software Preprocessing, Statistical Pattern Recognition, Computer Vision, and Optical Techniques and Systems. Soviet research in all areas of IPR is strong in theory, but limited by poor availability of equipment for generating and handling digital images, and digital computer hardware and software. Nevertheless, some Soviet IPR achievements compare favorably with those of the West. There is strong Soviet research in statistical pattern recognition, where fundamental relationships related to the factors determining error rates in classification of images are being developed. There has been good Soviet work in enhancement and restoration of images (visible and radar) of the surface of Venus. There is a strong Soviet development program in optics and optical processing related to IPR. Nevertheless, the state of Soviet research in computer vision is ten to fifteen years behind the West, because of the lack of adequate hardware and software. The Soviet scientists in the area appear competent and knowledgeable of Western work, so that any improvement in their research output would be derived from access to more capable equipment. 402 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

McKenney, B.L.; McGrain, M. (eds.) (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (USA). Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center); Klinger, A. (California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (USA). Dept. of Computer Science); Aggarwal, J.K. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (USA)); George, N.J. (Rochester Univ., NY (USA). Inst. of Optics); Haralick, R.M. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (USA). Dept. of Electric

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Program solves for gas well inflow performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Windows-based program, GasIPR, can solve for the gas well inflow performance relationship (IPR). The program calculates gas producing rates at various pressures and is applicable for both turbulent and non-turbulent flow. It also has the following capabilities: computes PVT properties {gamma}{sub g}, P{sub c}, T{sub c}, heating value, Z, {mu}{sub g}, B{sub g}, and {rho}{sub g} from input gas composition data; calculates the Reynolds number (N{sub Re}) and shows the gas flow rates at the sandface at which the turbulence effect must be considered; helps the user to optimize the net perforation interval (h{sub p}) so that the turbulence effect can be minimized; and helps the user to evaluate the sensitivity of formation permeability on gas flow rate for a new play. IPR is a critical component in forecasting gas well deliverability. IPRs are used for sizing optimum tubing configurations and compressors, designing gravel packs, and solving gas well loading problems. IPR is the key reference for nodal analysis.

Engineer, R. [AERA Energy LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States); Grillete, G. [Bechtel Petroleum Operations Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)

1997-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

300

Het Saramacca project : een plan van joodse kolonisatie in Suriname.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Van 1946 tot 1948 onderhandelde een Amerikaans-Joodse organisatie, de Freeland League, met de Nederlandse en Surinaamse regeringen over de vestiging in Suriname van 30.000 joodseÖ (more)

Heldring, Alexander

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

POLDERS ZONDER POLDERMODEL? Een onderzoek naar de rol van inspraak en overleg in de waterstaat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

het ware vanzelf tot kleinschalige, auto- nome en democratische bestuursvormen aldus Johan Huizinga.3 Hoewel his- torici sinds Huizinga niet blind waren voor de vele conflicten die de waterstaat in de Lage

Utrecht, Universiteit

302

A. E. K. Ris Ris-M-QHH Title and authors)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (OS) S5 51 01, tot. 814, telexj 43116 Date June 15, 1973 Department or group Metallurgy Oept. Group's own registration numbers) A-175 Copies to A.R. Mackintosh C F . Jacobsen M. MÝller-Madsen Metallurgy

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcyan blue reaction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

then filtered on fold change (applying a 2-fold cut-off) comparing Polysomal (Poly, red) and Total (Tot, ... Source: Paris-Sud XI, Universit de - Institut d'Optique,...

304

Understanding the diffusion of a colloid in a polymer solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

publicatie, wend u tot Faculteit Ingenieurswetenschappen, Kasteelpark Arenberg 1 bus 2200, B-3001 Heverlee their supervision. Their constructive comments and support stimulated us to convert our interest in chemical

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - als gevolg van Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

30 Prof. Dr. Hans von Storch Institut fr Kstenforschung, GKSS Forschungszentrum, Geesthacht Summary: deze eeuw de hoogte van een stormvloed wel 2 tot 5 dm hoger worden. Hoe als...

306

Computationally Efficient Modeling of High-Efficiency Clean Combustion...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CFD simulation CFD Temp. Distribution at TDC overall tot i i i q m m C q Zone heat loss multipliers avg ad i ad i T T T T C - - Heat Loss from zone 'i' From Modified...

307

Cosmic Microwave Background Theory J. Richard Bond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

\\Omega tot , but theoretical forecasts of fu­ ture long duration balloon and satellite experi­ ments gas processes can obscure the direct con­ nection to the early universe physics. Most easily inter

Bond, Dick

308

Reductive Biotransformation of Fe in Shale-Limestone Saprolite...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AQDS, whereas 24% and 35% of the Fe(III)TOT was bioreduced by CN32 after 40 and 95 d in media with AQDS. Little or no Fe2+, Mn, Si, Al, and Mg were evident in aqueous filtrates...

309

The Star Formation Rate Function of the Local Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have derived the bivariate luminosity function for the far ultraviolet (1530Angstroms) and far infrared (60 microns). We used matched GALEX and IRAS data, and redshifts from NED and PSC-z. We have derived a total star formation luminosity function phi(L_{tot}), with L_{tot} = L_{FUV}+L_{FIR}. Using these, we determined the cosmic ``star formation rate'' function and density for the local universe. The total SFR function is fit very well by a log-normal distribution over five decades of luminosity. We find that the bivariate luminosity function phi(L_{FUV},L_{FIR}) shows a bimodal behavior, with L_{FIR} tracking L_{FUV} for L_{TOT}< 10^10 L_sun, and L_{FUV} saturating at 10^10 L_sun, while L_{TOT} L_{FIR} for higher luminosities. We also calculate the SFR density and compare it to other measurements.

D. Christopher Martin; Mark Seibert; Veronique Buat; Jorge Inglesias-Paramo; Tom A. Barlow; Luciana Bianchi; Yong-Ik Byun; Jose Donas; Karl Forster; Peter G. Friedman; Timothy M. Heckman; Patrick N. Jelinsky; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Roger F. Malina; Bruno Milliard; Patrick F. Morrissey; Susan G. Neff; R. Michael Rich; David Schiminovich; Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Todd Small; Alex S. Szalay; Barry Y. Welsh; Ted K. Wyder

2004-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

310

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1973M 1-20 09M7 Real oil prices TOT 1973M 1-20 09M7 1973M 1-1973M 1-20 09M7 REER Real oil prices 1973M 1-20 09M7 1973M1975M 1-20 09M7 Real oil prices TOT 1975M 1-20 09M7 1975M 1-

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

5.@'Y`fNX^[',ZqV~...OE[V" ("OE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¬∑[¬∑√≥`√?,√?,√?,√©,¬Ĺ,√?`¬∂¬∑√Ě,√?,¬ę,√?,¬Ę,√?,¬Ę,¬§Isolated Pentagon Rule (IPR),√?S√ģ,√?¬∑C¬∑¬¨'¬∑√?'√∂,√?¬∑√≠,√?5 ^√ĶS√?¬∑",√į ¬∑√?`√•,√?,¬Ķ,√?_"OS"O{"h,√įOE¬ł,√ß,¬∑,√¶,¬§,√?¬∑\\`¬Ę,√į `I`√į,¬Ķ,√?,¬Ę,-,√?Z¬©"¬ģ"I,√?Ih-C60 ¬∑\\`¬Ę,¬™OE`¬∑¬¨,¬≥,√™,√©¬∑D,¬Ī,√? IPR ^√™"√?,√?}N¬∑--√?,√?¬∑¬∂¬∑¬¨,¬≥,√™,√©t¬∑[OE ",¬™ IPR ,√į¬≠z,¬Ĺ,¬∑,√?,¬Ę,¬§¬ľ'√®,√ć¬∑,ZYt¬∑[OE",√?S√ī¬Ĺ Sw"I¬∑\\`¬Ę,√įOE^,√?,√©¬∑√£,√?,√?

Maruyama, Shigeo

312

Developments in integrated pollutant removal for low-emission oxy-fuel combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A complete coal combustion and flue gas treatment scheme was designed, constructed, and operated at bench scale as a product of cooperative research between US DOEís Albany Research Center (ARC) and Jupiter Oxygen Corporation. The combustion gas generated using this oxy-fuel coal combustion process was effectively captured using an integrated pollutant removal (IPR) process. Supporting laboratory-scale research focuses on elements of IPR such as extraction of particulates, SO2, and mercury, and on the character of the liquid and vapor phase compositions for the CO2 - N2 - O2 mixture at the temperature and pressure conditions found at the end of the process. Future pilot-scale work will be necessary to generate economic and engineering data that will apply to full-scale oxy-fuel/IPR systems.

Gerdemann, Stephen J.; Summers, Cathy A.; Oryshchyn, Danylo B.; Patrick, Brian (Jupiter Oxygen Corp.); Ochs, Thomas L.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Nonlinear inverse perturbation in structural dynamics redesign of risers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Marine risers, and offshore structures in general, may have undesirable natural frequencies and/or mode shapes. Structural redesign is mandatory in such cases. An Inverse Perturbation Redesign (IPR) method, which uses only the finite element analysis of the baseline system and was developed in previous work for general structures, is extended in this work to handle systems with geometric stiffness matrices like marine risers. The IPR method is currently applicable to undamped structural systems or systems with Rayleigh damping and is valid for large or small changes which are frequently required to change modal characteristics of offshore structures.

Bernitsas, M.M.; Hoff, C.J.; Kokara kis, J.E.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Integrated pollutant removal: modeling and experimentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental and computational work at the Albany Research Center, USDOE is investigating an integrated pollutant removal (IPR) process which removes all pollutants from flue gas, including SOX, NOX, particulates, CO2, and Hg. In combination with flue gas recirculation, heat recovery, and oxy-fuel combustion, the process produces solid, gas, and liquid waste streams. The gas exhaust stream comprises O2 and N2. Liquid streams contain H2O, SOX, NOX, and CO2. Computer modeling and low to moderate pressure experimentation are defining system chemistry with respect to SOX and H2O as well as heat and mass transfer for the IPR process.

Ochs, Thomas L.; Oryshchyn, Danylo B.; Summers, Cathy A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Quantification of nanoscale density fluctuations using electron microscopy: Light-localization properties of biological cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a study of the nanoscale mass-density fluctuations of heterogeneous optical dielectric media, including nanomaterials and biological cells, by quantifying their nanoscale light-localization properties. Transmission electron microscope images of the media are used to construct corresponding effective disordered optical lattices. Light-localization properties are studied by the statistical analysis of the inverse participation ratio (IPR) of the localized eigenfunctions of these optical lattices at the nanoscale. We validated IPR analysis using nanomaterials as models of disordered systems fabricated from dielectric nanoparticles. As an example, we then applied such analysis to distinguish between cells with different degrees of aggressive malignancy.

Pradhan, Prabhakar; Damania, Dhwanil; Turzhitsky, Vladimir; Subramanian, Hariharan; Backman, Vadim [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Joshi, Hrushikesh M.; Dravid, Vinayak P. [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Roy, Hemant K. [Department of Internal Medicine, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, Illinois 60201 (United States); Taflove, Allen [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

316

How perforation shot density affects gas well performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The single gas well model is formulated using the systems analysis approach and is composed of three main modules. The first module is the modified inflow performance relationship (IPR). This IPR accounts for pressure drops through the reservoir, laminar skin and damaged, compacted zone around casing perforations. The second module is the tubing outflow performance computed via the Cullender and Smith method. The third module is the gas material balance equation for computing average well pressure with a given gas production level. By coupling this equation with the computed inflow and outflow results, future gas deliverability and economic return of a gas well can then be projected.

Cheng, A.M.C.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Interview of Hermann Hauser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but their IPR arrangements are much tighter than here; however, there are one or two universities in America allow IPR to be used freely rather than assuming that it belongs to the university; cannot see much difference in spin outs between this type... four and a half billion years, it is a wise thing to use; the main advantage over solar panels, which use silicon, is cost; silicon is about 20% efficient now and plastic solar cells are about 6-7% efficient at present, so we need to get...

Hauser, Hermann

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

318

Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) System for Flue-Gas Derived Water From Oxy-Combustion Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) located in Albany, Oregon, have patented a process - Integrated Pollutant Removal (IPR) that uses off-the-shelf technology to produce a sequestration ready CO{sub 2} stream from an oxy-combustion power plant. Capturing CO{sub 2} from fossil-fuel combustion generates a significant water product which can be tapped for use in the power plant and its peripherals. Water condensed in the IPR{reg_sign} process may contain fly ash particles, sodium (from pH control), and sulfur species, as well as heavy metals, cations and anions. NETL is developing a treatment approach for zero liquid discharge while maximizing available heat from IPR. Current treatment-process steps being studied are flocculation/coagulation, for removal of cations and fine particles, and reverse osmosis, for anion removal as well as for scavenging the remaining cations. After reverse osmosis process steps, thermal evaporation and crystallization steps will be carried out in order to build the whole zero liquid discharge (ZLD) system for flue-gas condensed wastewater. Gypsum is the major product from crystallization process. Fast, in-line treatment of water for re-use in IPR seems to be one practical step for minimizing water treatment requirements for CO{sub 2} capture. The results obtained from above experiments are being used to build water treatment models.

Sivaram Harendra; Danylo Oryshchyn; Thomas Ochs; Stephen J. Gerdemann; John Clark

2011-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

319

Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of Education and Budapest Business School #12;Copyright reform on the EU level What can science and education expect from a copyright reform on the EU level? Rainer Kuhlen University of Konstanz, HumboldtUniversity Berlin, IPR

Kuhlen, Rainer

320

Synthesis of bioreversible, phosphotriester-modified siRNA oligonucleotides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CE, 2?OMe-A(Pac)-CE, 2?OMe-G(iPr-Pac)-CE and 2?- O-TBMDS-U-protected guanosine (G Ipr-Pac ). Using this baseEt-SATE), isopropyl-SATE (iPr-SATE) and control tBu-SATE (

Meade, Bryan Richard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Prediction of future well performance, including reservoir depletion effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past, the reservoir material balance (voidage) effects occurring between the end of the measured (known) production history and future Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) time levels have been commonly ignored in the computation of the future IPR behavior. Neglecting the reservoir voidage that occurs during the time interval between the end of the known production history and the future IPR time levels results in erroneous estimates of the future IPR behavior. A detailed description is given of the mathematically rigorous technique that has been used in the development of a multilayer well performance simulator that properly accounts for the reservoir voidage effects. Some of the more significant results are also presented of an extensive effort to develop an accurate and computationally efficient well performance simulation model. The reservoir can be considered to be multilayered, with mixed reservoir layer completion types and outer boundary shapes, drainage areas and boundary conditions. The well performance model can be used to simulate performance in three different operating modes: (1) constant wellhead rate, (2) constant bottomhole pressure, and (3) constant wellhead pressure. The transient performance of vertical, vertically fractured and horizontal wells can be simulated with this well performance model. The well performance model uses mathematically rigorous transient solutions and not simply the approximate solutions for each of the well types, as do most of the other commercially available well performance models.

Poe, B.D. Jr.; Elbel, J.L.; Spath, J.B.; Wiggins, M.L.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Total Synthesis of Jiadifenolide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

=dimethylsulfoxide, imid= imidazole, LDA= lithium diisopropylamide, py=pyridine, TBS= tert-butyldimethylsilyl, THF= tetrahydrofuran. Scheme 3. Preparation of ABC-tricycle 2. Reagents and conditions: a) Bu2BOTf, iPr2NEt, THF, #2;78 8C to #2;20 8C, 98%, 2:1 d.r. ; b) DMP, Na...

Paterson, Ian; Xuan, Mengyang; Dalby, Stephen M.

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

323

Published by the IEEE CS n 1536-1268/08/$25.00 2008 IEEE PERVASIVE computing Education & TrainingEditor: Scott F. Midkiff n Virginia Tech n midkiff@vt.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& TrainingEditor: Scott F. Midkiff n Virginia Tech n midkiff@vt.edu As a field, computer science faces (www. scribblerrobot.com)withacustomIPRE EdITor'S InTro An exciting new initiative at Georgia Tech at midkiff@vt.edu. --Scott Midkiff QuICk FACTS Course: Computer Science 1 (CS1) Level: undergraduate

Guzdial, Mark

324

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBJECT: Update on Bonneville's FY 2013 fish and wildlife budget and emerging management tools Bill Maslen S T R A T I O N Fish & Wildlife Expense Budget (IPR 2000-2015) 3 $0.0 $50.0 $100.0 $150.0 $200.0 $250, and Bryan Mercier, Bonneville Power Administration, will discuss the fish and wildlife expense budget

325

Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=997191 Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, 2007, vol. 4(1), pp. 27-46  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of incentives indicates the absence of IP.2 In fact, the economic analysis of IPRs tends to overemphasizeElectronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=997191 Review of Economic Research licensing. Section 4 analyses open source licenses from an economic stand- point. Section 5 discusses

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

326

REPORT PREPARED FOR THE WELSH ASSEMBLY GOVERNMENT IP CRIME & E CRIME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. IP CRIME page 23 5. E COMMERCE LAW page 30 6. E CRIME page 38 7. RELEVANCE FOR WELSH SMEs page 45 8 Framework Study: "Effects of counterfeiting on EU SMEs and a review of various public and private IPR needs to know, National Hi-Tech Crime Unit (NHTCU), 2005. (l) Fraud and Technology Crimes ­ Findings

Martin, Ralph R.

327

hal-00267005,version1-27Mar2008 Modeling semiconductor thermal properties. The dispersion role.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in many domains such as nano- junctions1 , transistors2 , or in solar panels3 , and are even used in solar cells. At these low scale, Fourier's law may give an inaccurate description of heat transfer . Thus, the energy flux per apparent surface unit at point r in direction u reads: I,p(r, u) = n(r, u) Vg

Boyer, Edmond

328

PP290/ARE298 de Janvry, Sadoulet, and Zilberman Assignment #2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

access to drugs for the poor in LDCs? What are the policy alternatives regarding IPR (contrast India is to broaden our collective knowledge and sensitivity to current development debates and to extract policy recommendations. It is also to train you in making concise written and oral presentations as advisors to policy

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

329

UV and FIR selected star-forming galaxies at z=0: differences and overlaps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study two samples of local galaxies, one is UV (GALEX) selected and the other FIR (IRAS) selected, to address the question whether UV and FIR surveys see the two sides ('bright' and 'dark') of the star formation of the same population of galaxies or two different populations of star forming galaxies. No significant difference between the L$_{tot}$ ($=L_{60}+L_{FUV}$) luminosity functions of the UV and FIR samples is found. Also, after the correction for the `Malmquist bias' (bias for flux limited samples), the FIR-to-UV ratio v.s. L$_{tot}$ relations of the two samples are consistent with each other. In the range of $9 \\la \\log(L_{tot}/L_\\sun) \\la 12$, both can be approximated by a simple linear relation of $\\log (L_{60}/L_{FUV})=\\log(L_{tot}/L_\\sun)-9.66$. These are consistent with the hypothesis that the two samples represent the same population of star forming galaxies, and their well documented differences in L$_{tot}$ and in FIR-to-UV ratio are due only to the selection effect. A comparison between the UV luminosity functions shows marginal evidence for a population of faint UV galaxies missing in the FIR selected sample. The contribution from these 'FIR-quiet' galaxies to the overall UV population is insignificant, given that the K-band luminosity functions (i.e. the stellar mass functions) of the two samples do not show any significant difference.

C. Kevin Xu; Veronique Buat; Jorge Iglesias-PŠramo; Tsutomu T. Takeuchi; Tom A. Barlow; Luciana Bianchi; Jose Donas; Karl Forster; Timothy M. Heckman; Patrick N. Jelinsky; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Roger F. Malina; D. Christopher Martin; Bruno Milliard; Patrick Morrissey; R. Michael Rich; Susan G. Neff; David Schiminovich; Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Todd Small; Alex S. Szalay; Barry Y. Welsh; Ted K. Wyder; Sukyoung Yi

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

330

ANION ANALYSES BY ION CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR THE ALTERNATE REDUCTANT DEMONSTRATION FOR THE DEFENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Process Science Analytical Laboratory (PSAL) at the Savannah River National Laboratory was requested by the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) to develop and demonstrate an Ion Chromatography (IC) method for the analysis of glycolate, in addition to eight other anions (fluoride, formate, chloride, nitrite, nitrate, sulfate, oxalate and phosphate) in Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) samples. The method will be used to analyze anions for samples generated from the Alternate Reductant Demonstrations to be performed for the DWPF at the Aiken County Technology Laboratory (ACTL). The method is specific to the characterization of anions in the simulant flowsheet work. Additional work will be needed for the analyses of anions in radiological samples by Analytical Development (AD) and DWPF. The documentation of the development and demonstration of the method fulfills the third requirement in the TTQAP, SRNL-RP-2010-00105, 'Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan for Glycolic-Formic Acid Flowsheet Development, Definition and Demonstrations Tasks 1-3'.

Best, D.

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

331

Preoperational radiation surveillance of the WIPP Project by EEG for the years 1993 - 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Average {sup 241}Am, {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 238}Pu concentrations measured in ambient air near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site during 1993, 1994 and 1995 are consistent with similar data reported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) for Espanola, Pojoaque and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Through the use of replicate analyses of matrix blanks minimum detectable activity (MDA), minimum detectable concentration (MDC) and action levels (ACTL) were established for the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) measurement system. Using MDA data from fixed air sampler (FAS) filters and conservative assumptions applied in the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) Report 123 (NCRP 1996), it is shown that the EEG sampling and measurement methodology is capable of detecting effluent air emissions which would produce a dose that is approximately 1000 times below the 40 CFR 191 Subpart A limit of 2.5E{sup -4} Sv/y (25 mrem/y). A similar calculation using the NCRP worksheet with storm water effluent MDCs found the EEG measurement program capable of detecting actinide emissions which would result in a dose that is approximately 10 times below the dose limits in 40 CFR 191 Subpart A and 40 CFR 61 Subpart H.

Kenney, J.W.; Gray, D.H.; Ballard, S.C. [Environmental Evaluation Group, Carlsbad, NM (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Two-phase flow in horizontal wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flow in horizontal wells and two-phase flow interaction with the reservoir were investigated experimentally and theoretically. Two-phase flow behavior has been recognized as one of the most important problems in production engineering. The authors designed and constructed a new test facility suitable for acquiring data on the relationship between pressure drop and liquid holdup along the well and fluid influx from the reservoir. For the theoretical work, an initial model was proposed to describe the flow behavior in a horizontal well configuration. The model uses the inflow-performance-relationship (IPR) approach and empirical correlations or mechanistic models for wellbore hydraulics. Although good agreement was found between the model and experimental data, a new IPR apart from the extension of Darcy`s law must be investigated extensively to aid in the proper design of horizontal wells.

Ihara, Masaru [Japan National Oil Corp., Chiba (Japan); Yanai, Koji [Nippon Kokan Corp., Yokohama (Japan); Yanai, Koji

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Bond resonance energy and verification of the isolated pentagon rule  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The isolated pentagon rule (IPR) states that fullerenes with isolated pentagons are kinetically much more stable than their fused pentagon counterparts. This rule can be verified in terms of a graph-theoretically defined bond resonance energy. In general, a {pi} bond shared by two pentagons has a large negative bond resonance energy, thus contributing significantly to the increase in kinetic instability or chemical reactivity of the molecule. The existence of such highly antiaromatic local structures sharply distinguishes IPR-violating fullerenes from isolated-pentagon isomers. {pi}bonds shared by two pentagons are shared by many antiaromatic conjugated circuits but not by relatively small aromatic conjugated circuits. 39 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Aihara, Jun Ichi [Shizuoka Univ. (Japan)

1995-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

334

Inflow performance relationship for perforated wells producing from solution gas drive reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IPR curve equations, which are available today, are developed for open hole wells. In the application of Nodal System Analysis in perforated wells, an accurate calculation of pressure loss in the perforation is very important. Nowadays, the equation which is widely used is Blount, Jones and Glaze equation, to estimate pressure loss across perforation. This equation is derived for single phase flow, either oil or gas, therefore it is not suitable for two-phase production wells. In this paper, an IPR curve equation for perforated wells, producing from solution gas drive reservoir, is introduced. The equation has been developed using two phase single well simulator combine to two phase flow in perforation equation, derived by Perez and Kelkar. A wide range of reservoir rock and fluid properties and perforation geometry are used to develop the equation statistically.

Sukarno, P. [Inst. Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia); Tobing, E.L.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

SAR impulse response with residual chirps.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Linear Frequency-Modulated (LFM) chirp is a function with unit amplitude and quadratic phase characteristic. In a focused Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image, a residual chirp is undesired for targets of interest, as it coarsens the manifested resolution. However, for undesired spurious signals, a residual chirp is often advantageous because it spreads the energy and thereby diminishes its peak value. In either case, a good understanding of the effects of a residual LFM chirp on a SAR Impulse Response (IPR) is required to facilitate system analysis and design. This report presents an analysis of the effects of a residual chirp on the IPR. As reference, there is a rich body of publications on various aspects of LFM chirps. A quick search reveals a plethora of articles, going back to the early 1950s. We mention here purely as trivia one of the earlier analysis papers on this waveform by Klauder, et al.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Inlichtingenblad, matlab-en simulink handleiding en  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inlichtingenblad, matlab- en simulink handleiding en practicumopgaven IWS 1 #12;4 2 Opmerkingen bij de Matlab-handleiding De voor dit practicum relevante informatie staat in de paragrafen 3.4, 4.1 en 4.2, en in de paragraaf 4.3 tot SIMULINK MENUS en vanaf ANALYSIS COMMANDS van de Matlab-handleiding die

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

337

USAID Regional Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Collaborative Research Support (CRSP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of trainers (ToT), farmer field schools (FFS), and the development of IPM educational materials (extension/extension programs in Central Asia. This regional IPM project includes three components: (1) Improving the efficiency ecologically-based IPM information and materials into existing farmers training programs such as the training

338

Ecologically-based Participatory and Collaborative Research and Capacity Building in Integrated Pest Management in Central Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and farmers in the region. Component 2: Enhance efficiency, product lines, and crop usage of Central Asian of trainers (TOT), farmer field schools, and the development of IPM educational resources to integrate new educational and outreach programs to increase knowledge and training in more effective IPM practices

339

THE CHEMISTRY OF HO2NO2 AND THE PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF THE HOX-NOX-COX SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

those obtained by Connell aham 78 and Harker. 79 ē tot g. 19second. Using the equation of aham et~ ~. 4 k 1 , an limH ofobt a1.l8 and ons given by aham M depen om emp ∑j t" ∑j c is

Littlejohn, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

UNIVERSITAT POLIT`ECNICA DE CATALUNYA ALGEBRA LINEAL, ENGINYERIA QUIMICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITAT POLIT`ECNICA DE CATALUNYA ALGEBRA LINEAL, ENGINYERIA QU¬īIMICA 2002¬≠3 Llista 5: (i) E = Nuc f Imf. (ii) Nuc fn = Nuc f per tot n 1. 1 #12;2 UPC - ENG. QU¬īIMICA - ALGEBRA LINEAL consumir el detergent: en pols, en pastilla o l¬īiquid. Les conclusions #12;UPC - ENG. QU¬īIMICA - ALGEBRA

Casanellas, Marta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DESCOMPTES 2014/2015 Cursos generals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

línea) Pla Amic Cada alumne d'Idiomes UPF que aporti un altre alumne extern, rebrà un descompte al preu) Amic extern: 907 (1067) Estudiant UPF : 537 (632) Amic extern: 688 (809) Pla Fidelitat Premiem la (809) Pla Fraternitat UPF Fem un descompte a tots els membres de la comunitat UPF que siguin familia

342

BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES Volume 12, No 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and robots used vary. With this in mind, we have used an open-source, 3D printed quadruped robot called. The open source, 3D printed QuadraTot robot used in this research. The white printed booties are new

Borissova, Daniela

343

Den Haag Brussel Londen Parijs Berlijn Stockholm Helsinki Rome Singapore Tokio Peking Seoel New Delhi Washington Silicon Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 23-2-2009 Inleiding Lichter en veiliger: het zijn twee trends binnen de robotica die samenkomen industri√ęle robotica beheerst door de grote industriegiganten, waaronder de Duitse bedrijven Kuka en Reiss. Alleen een volledig nieuwe benadering van de robotica kan leiden tot een innovatieve technologie

Stryk, Oskar von

344

he Pediatric Interest TGroup in the LSUHSC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Dentistry identified the body of an offshore oil platform worker found in the Gulf of Mexico will distributethetoys. Toys for Tots is a program of the U. S. Marine Corps Reserve. Local campaigns are conducted Honor, page 2 LSUHSC forensic dentists id missing oil worker See Forensic, page 2 LSUHSC Louisiana Tumor

345

Het Wetenschapsknooppunt Universiteit Utrecht nodigt u graag uit voor het symposium "zaaien  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Het Wetenschapsknooppunt Universiteit Utrecht nodigt u graag uit voor het symposium "zaaien voor de wetenschappers van de toekomst". Donderdag 9 juni 2011 Academiegebouw Domplein Universiteit Utrecht Van 13.00 uur tot 16.00 uur Tijdens het 75e lustrum van de Universiteit Utrecht staat het thema "kennis voor de

Utrecht, Universiteit

346

evaluation o TAD sites p  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% D tot par T com ma T T crim com dis des 20 evaluation o ocument im TAD sites p ng, and mon ulation. Fou St. Croix trib dels: Milwau Any New Cri After TAD Di 18% Within 1 The University of Kit R. Van Stelle, http:// TAD particip minal convic mmitted a n scharge, bett scribed

Sheridan, Jennifer

347

Wat is Lean Six Sigma? Lean Six Sigma is een standaard-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wat is Lean Six Sigma? Lean Six Sigma is een standaard- aanpak voor het organiseren van kwaliteits standaardmodellen voor programmamanagement en de organisatiestructuur, schrijft de Lean Six Sigma aanpak een uitvoering van hun projecten en faciliteren project- tracking.Tot slot biedt Lean Six Sigma een uitgebreide

van Rooij, Robert

348

Wat is Lean Six Sigma? Lean Six Sigma is een standaard-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wat is Lean Six Sigma? Lean Six Sigma is een standaard- aanpak voor het organiseren van kwaliteits standaardmodellen voor programmamanagement en de organisatiestructuur, schrijft de Lean Six Sigma aanpak een uitvoering van hun projecten en faciliteren project- tracking. Tot slot biedt Lean Six Sigma een uitgebreide

van Rooij, Robert

349

9 februari 2005 Nieuwe UFO versie van kracht  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 februari 2005 Nieuwe UFO versie van kracht Grootschalig gebruik van een geheel nieuw functie-indelingssysteem als UFO leidt onherroepelijk tot problemen. In de afgelopen periode is dan ook gebleken dat er de nodige onduidelijkheden, onvolkomenheden en omissies in het UFO-materiaal zaten. In de afspraken bij de

Franssen, Michael

350

International Conference on Precision Measurements with Slow Neutrons,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to n-lifetime ( wall loss coefficient is the slope of extrapolation line) Using 2 traps we can reduce = + += + += + += + +tot n wall other 0other ====wall wall loss coefficient Im( ) Re( ) F F V V ­ neutron guide from UCN Turbine; 2 ­ UCN inlet valve; 3 ­ beam distribution flap valve; 4 ­ aluminium foil

Titov, Anatoly

351

Potentialen fr att spara energi inom industrin genom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy 11,2 127,4 482 16084 Balance tot energy 7 81 300 12 000 #12;Overall energy net usage EU27OverallPotentialen för att spara energi inom industrin genom automation physical and statisticaltool. Combine physical and statistical models with good process knowledge. · Uses

352

Development/Plasticity/Repair Hair Cell Replacement in Adult Mouse Utricles after  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair Hair Cell Replacement in Adult Mouse Utricles after Targeted Ablation of Hair Cells with Diphtheria Toxin Justin S. Golub,1 Ling Tong,1 Tot B. Ngyuen,1 Cliff R. Hume,1 Richard developed a transgenic mouse to permit conditional and selective ablation of hair cells in the adult mouse

Rubel, Edwin

353

2.1E Sample Run Book  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O. HOUSE- 1 CO_'VEC EXT RACTN BTU/HR O. O. O. O. O. O. O. O.TEMP P SUNSP- 1 EXTRACTN RATE BTU/HR O. O. O. O. O. O. O. O.O. gYS-1 TOT C1,O COIL I_IR BTU/HR O. O. O. O. O. O. O. O.

Winkelmann, F.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Ligand variation in molybdenum imido alkylidene complexes : a synthetic, structural, and catalytic study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1. A general introduction is given. Chapter 2. The biscarboxylate species, Mo(NR)(CHCMe 2Ph)(O 2CPh3)2 (R = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3, 2,6- Me2C6H3, 2-t-BuC 6H4, or 1 -adamantyl) are compared to newly synthesized bis(terphen ...

Lichtscheidl, Alejandro G. (Alejandro Gaston)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Gas well operation with liquid production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prediction of liquid loading in gas wells is discussed in terms of intersecting tubing or system performance curves with IPR curves and by using a more simplified critical velocity relationship. Different methods of liquid removal are discussed including such methods as intermittent lift, plunger lift, use of foam, gas lift, and rod, jet, and electric submersible pumps. Advantages, disadvantages, and techniques for design and application of the methods of liquid removal are discussed.

Lea, J.F.; Tighe, R.E.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The potential for clean energy production using oxy-fuel combustion and integrated pollutant removal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective remediation of flue gas produced by an oxy-fuel coal combustion process has been proven at bench scale in the course of cooperative research between USDOEís Albany Research Center (ARC) and Jupiter Oxygen Corporation. All combustion gas pollutants were captured, including CO2 which was compressed to a liquefied state suitable for sequestration. Current laboratory-scale research and the future of combined oxy-fuel/IPR systems are discussed.

Ochs, Thomas L.; Oryshchyn, Danylo B.; Weber, Thomas (Jupiter Oxygen Corporation, Schiller Park, IL 60176).; Summers, Cathy A.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish & Wildlife Expense Budget (IPR 2000-2015) 3 $0.0 $50.0 $100.0 $150.0 $200.0 $250.0 $300.0 2000 Period (FY12/13) $492M Less FY12 Expenditures FY13 Available Budget $243M #12;B O N N E V I L L, Fish and Wildlife Division Director SUBJECT: Briefing by Bonneville on expense budget for fish

358

Synthesis and ROMP Chemistry of Decafluoroterphenoxide Molybdenum Imido Alkylidene and Ethylene Complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bisDFTO alkylidene complexes of molybdenum Mo(NR)(CHCMe2Ph)(DFTO)2 (R = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3, 2,6-Me2C6H3, C6F5, 1-adamantyl; DFTO = 2,6-(C6F5)2C6H3O) and monoaryloxide monopyrrolide (MAP) complexes Mo(NR)(CHCMe2Ph)(Me2Pyr)(OAr) ...

Yuan, Jian

359

Vanadium and chromium complexes supported by sterically demanding ligands : studies relevant to the reduction of dinitrogen to ammonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1. Using the [HIPTN3N]3- ligand ([HIPTN3N]3- = [(HIPTNCH2CH2)3N]3-; HIPT = 3,5-(2,4,6-i-Pr3C6H2)2C6H3 = HexaIsoPropylTerphenyl), green paramagnetic [HIPTN3N]V(THF) (1) can be prepared from VCl3(THF)3. Reduction of ...

Smythe, Nathan Christopher

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Organometallic complexes of tungsten and tantalum : synthesis, structure and reactivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W(NAr)(CH-t-Bu)(CH2-t-Bu)2 (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3) was synthesized in four steps starting from WCI6. The reaction of W(NAr)(CH-t-Bu)(CH2-t-Bu)2 with various alcohols (1-AdamantylOH, t-BuOH, ArOH, (CF3)2CHOH, (CF3)2MeCOH, ...

Lopez, Lourdes Pia H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The evolution of molybdenum and tungsten olefin metathesis catalysts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1: Reaction of Mo(NR)(CHR')(OTf)2(dme) (R = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (Ar), 2,6-Me2C6H3 (Ar'), 2,6-Cl2C6H3 (ArCl), 1-adamantyl (Ad); R' = CMe2Ph, CMe3; dme = dimethoxyethane) with the lithium salt of ArCl-nacnac ([2,6-Cl2C6H ...

King, Annie Jinying Hannah

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Instantaneous normal mode analysis for intermolecular and intramolecular vibrations of water from atomic point of view  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By exploiting the instantaneous normal mode (INM) analysis for models of flexible molecules, we investigate intermolecular and intramolecular vibrations of water from the atomic point of view. With two flexible SPC/E models, our investigations include three aspects about their INM spectra, which are separated into the unstable, intermolecular, bending, and stretching bands. First, the O- and H-atom contributions in the four INM bands are calculated and their stable INM spectra are compared with the power spectra of the atomic velocity autocorrelation functions. The unstable and intermolecular bands of the flexible models are also compared with those of the SPC/E model of rigid molecules. Second, we formulate the inverse participation ratio (IPR) of the INMs, respectively, for the O- and H-atom and molecule. With the IPRs, the numbers of the three species participated in the INMs are estimated so that the localization characters of the INMs in each band are studied. Further, by the ratio of the IPR of the H atom to that of the O atom, we explore the number of involved OH bond per molecule participated in the INMs. Third, by classifying simulated molecules into subensembles according to the geometry of their local environments or their H-bond configurations, we examine the local-structure effects on the bending and stretching INM bands. All of our results are verified to be insensible to the definition of H-bond. Our conclusions about the intermolecular and intramolecular vibrations in water are given.

Chen, Yu-Chun; Tang, Ping-Han [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Wu, Ten-Ming, E-mail: tmw@faculty.nctu.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

363

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Original formulation of spatially variant anodization for complex synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery oversampled at twice the Nyquist rate (2.OX). Here we report a spatially interpolating, noninteger-oversampled SVA sidelobe. The pixel's apparent IPR location is assessed by comparing its value to the sum of its value plus weighted comparable for exact interpolation. However, exact interpolation implies an ideal sine interpolator3 and large components may not be necessary. Note that P is the summation of IPR diagonal values. The value of a sine IPR on the diagonals is a sine-squared; values much less than cardinal direction (m, n) values. This implies that cardinal direction interpolation requires higher precision than diagonal interpolation. Consequently, we employed a smaller set. The spatially interpolated SVA used an 8-point/4-point sine interpolator described above. Table 1 shows the Table 1 results show a two-times speed-up using the 1.3x oversampled and spatially interpolated SVA over the Figure 1d. Detected results of 1.3x oversampled sine interpolated spatially variant

Eichel, Paul H.; Jakowatz, Jr., Charles V.; Yocky, David A.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

364

Production-systems analysis for fractured wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production-systems analysis has been in use for many years to design completion configurations on the basis of an expected reservoir capacity. The most common equations used for the reservoir calculations are for steady-state radial flow. Most hydraulically fractured wells require the use of an unsteady-state production simulator to predict the higher flow rates associated with the stimulated well. These high flow rates may present problems with excessive pressure drops through production tubing designed for radial-flow production. Therefore, the unsteady-state nature of fractured-well production precludes the use of steady-state radial-flow inflow performance relationships (IPR's) to calculate reservoir performance. An accurate prediction of fractured-well production must be made to design the most economically efficient production configuration. It has been suggested in the literature that a normalized reference curve can be used to generate the IPR's necessary for production-systems analysis. However, this work shows that the reference curve for fractured-well response becomes time-dependent when reservoir boundaries are considered. A general approach for constructing IPR curves is presented, and the use of an unsteady-state fractured-well-production simulator coupled with the production-systems-analysis approach is described. A field case demonstrates the application of this method to fractured wells.

Hunt, J.L. (Halliburton Services (US))

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Pyroelectric response mechanism of barium strontium titanate ceramics in dielectric bolometer mode: The underlying essence of the enhancing effect of direct current bias field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pyroelectric response mechanism of Ba{sub 0.70}Sr{sub 0.30}TiO{sub 3} ceramics under dielectric bolometer (DB) mode was investigated by dielectric and pyroelectric properties measurement. The variations of total, intrinsic, and induced pyroelectric coefficients (p{sub tot}, p{sub int}, p{sub ind}) with temperatures and bias fields were analyzed. p{sub int} plays the dominant role to p{sub tot} through most of the temperature range and p{sub ind} will be slightly higher than p{sub int} above T{sub 0}. The essence of the enhancing effect of DC bias field on pyroelectric coefficient can be attributed to the high value of p{sub int}. This mechanism is useful for the pyroelectric materials (DB mode) applications.

Mao, Chaoliang; Cao, Sheng; Yan, Shiguang; Yao, Chunhua; Cao, Fei; Wang, Genshui; Dong, Xianlin [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Functional Materials and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Changning, Shanghai 200050 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Functional Materials and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Changning, Shanghai 200050 (China); Hu, Xu; Yang, Chunli [Kunming Institute of Physics, Kunming 650223 (China)] [Kunming Institute of Physics, Kunming 650223 (China)

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Non-Equilibrium Beta Processes in Neutron Stars: A Relationship between the Net Reaction Rate and the Total Emissivity of Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several different processes could be changing the density in the core of a neutron star, leading to a departure from $\\beta$ equilibrium, quantified by the chemical potential difference $\\delta\\mu\\equiv\\mu_n-\\mu_p-\\mu_e$. The evolution of this quantity is coupled to that of the star's interior temperature $T$ by two functions that quantify the rate at which neutrino-emitting reactions proceed: the net reaction rate (difference between $\\beta$ decay and capture rates), $\\Gamma_{\\rm net}(T,\\delta\\mu)$, and the total emissivity (total energy emission rate in the form of neutrinos and antineutrinos), $\\epsilon_{\\rm tot}(T,\\delta\\mu)$. Here, we present a simple and general relationship between these variables, ${\\partial\\epsilon_{\\rm tot}/\\partial\\delta\\mu=3\\Gamma_{\\rm net}}$, and show that it holds even in the case of superfluid nucleons. This relation may simplify the numerical calculation of these quantities, including superfluid reduction factors.

Sergio Flores-Tulian; Andreas Reisenegger

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

367

A practical strategy for reducing the future security risk of United States spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Depletion calculations show that advanced oxide (AOX) fuels can be used in existing light water reactors (LWRs) to achieve and maintain virtually any desired level of US (US) reactor-grade plutonium (R-Pu) inventory. AOX fuels are composed of a neutronically inert matrix loaded with R-Pu and erbium. A 1/2 core load of 100% nonfertile, 7w% R-Pu AOX and 3.9 w% UO{sub 2} has a net total plutonium ({sup TOT}Pu) destruction rate of 310 kg/yr. The 20% residual {sup TOT}Pu in discharged AOX contains > 55% {sup 242}Pu making it unattractive for nuclear explosive use. A three-phase fuel-cycle development program sequentially loading 60 LWRs with 100% mixed oxide, 50% AOX with a nonfertile component displacing only some of the {sup 238}U, and 50% AOX, which is 100% nonfertile, could reduce the US plutonium inventory to near zero by 2050.

Chodak, P. III; Buksa, J.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Nuclear Systems Design and Analysis Group

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Influence of samarium on the thermoelectric figure of merit of Sm{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x}Te alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperature and concentration dependences of the electrical (conductivity {sigma}, the Hall coefficient R), thermoelectric (thermovoltage {alpha}), and thermal (thermal conductivity K{sub tot}) characteristics of Sm{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x}Te alloys (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08) are studied in the temperature range 100-500 K. Using the data for {sigma}, {alpha}, and K{sub tot}, the thermoelectric power {alpha}{sup 2}{sigma}, figure of merit Z, and efficiency {delta} are calculated. It is established that at room-temperature {alpha}{sup 2}{sigma} and Z peak at the hole concentration p Almost-Equal-To 1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}.

Aliev, F. F., E-mail: farzali@physics.ab.az; Hasanov, H. A., E-mail: hummat.hasanov@gmail.com [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Non-equilibrium deposition of phase pure Cu{sub 2}O thin films at reduced growth temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) is actively studied as a prototypical material for energy conversion and electronic applications. Here we reduce the growth temperature of phase pure Cu{sub 2}O thin films to 300?įC by intentionally controlling solely the kinetic parameter (total chamber pressure, P{sub tot}) at fixed thermodynamic condition (0.25 mTorr pO{sub 2}). A strong non-monotonic effect of P{sub tot} on Cu-O phase formation is found using high-throughput combinatorial-pulsed laser deposition. This discovery creates new opportunities for the growth of Cu{sub 2}O devices with low thermal budget and illustrates the importance of kinetic effects for the synthesis of metastable materials with useful properties.

Subramaniyan, Archana, E-mail: asubrama@mymail.mines.edu [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Perkins, John D.; Lany, Stephan; Stevanovic, Vladan; Ginley, David S.; Zakutayev, Andriy [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); OíHayre, Ryan P. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Sputtering pressure dependent photocatalytic properties of TiO{sub 2} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The TiO{sub 2} films were deposited on glass substrate by direct current reactive magnetron sputtering under various total sputtering gas pressures (P{sub Tot}) of 0.2, 0.5, 0.8, and 5 Pa and at the target to substrate distances (D{sub T-S}) of 40 and 70 mm. Argon and oxygen gas mixtures (Ar:O{sub 2}=80:20) were used to deposit the films. The optimum conditions to deposit the films with high photocatalytic activities were investigated in detail using in situ Fourier transform infrared spectra in relation to the sputter deposition processes. The band gap energy was found to decrease from 3.25 to 3.13 eV for the TiO{sub 2} films deposited at P{sub Tot} of 5-0.2 Pa and D{sub T-S} of 40 mm. For the films deposited at D{sub T-S} of 70 mm, the band gap varied between 3.3 and 3.2 eV. The rate of decomposition of methanol is rapid for the films deposited at P{sub Tot} of 0.2 Pa and D{sub T-S} of 40 mm and as the D{sub T-S} and P{sub Tot} increase, the photo-oxidation of methanol by TiO{sub 2} decreases. The formaldehyde and CO species are the main intermediates by increasing the irradiation time and CO{sub 2} is produced after the complete decomposition.

Takahashi, T.; Prabakar, K.; Nezuka, T.; Yamazaki, T.; Nakashima, T.; Kubota, Y.; Fujishima, A. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Toyama, 3190 Gofuku, Toyama 930-8555 (Japan); Kashiwa Chuo High School, 884-1 Matsugasaki, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-0835 (Japan); Department of Urology and Molecular Science, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Yokohama City, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0004 (Japan); Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology, 3-2-1 Sakado, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 213-0012 (Japan)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Location theory and the location of industry along an interstate highway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine the significance of these locational factors among plants with different characteristics that have located in certain localities should provide pertinent information with both practical and theoretical implications. Since 1956, approximately 64... Summary of Plant Location Theory Cost Fac'tots . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ The Importance of 'the Demand Factor Greenhut's General Theory of Plant Location and the Intangible Factor Location Factors as Revealed by Empirical Study Greenhut's Case...

Miller, James Patterson

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Mesures d'estalvi energtic Introducci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducciů de cost es deu a la contractaciů de l'energia elŤctrica per subhasta electrÚnica per a tots els): Any Electricitat * Electricitat kWh Gas Gas kWh Aigua Aigua m2 2008 3.595.493 33.647.244 789.547 17 immediat Climatitzaciů La temperatura de consigna d'equips de climatitzaciů per a espais interiors ha de

PolitŤcnica de Catalunya, Universitat

373

The relative basicity and reactivity of D-mannosamine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$$A IIIGQB UQJOJQlu 9T)0 '. JB Uof'. reu" I Jiroro QQTIOT080 QIP, $G 90UQ qV foui'. 'PQI&STI! Tr 'TP eq ggr'I O'0 noun ~ Qcyo9pgq . [ rl oqq Uo QGUQUQTU T . TOT UT. I Iq'c'00 "" g /nlrb. 0nq eu~=9oaul!UT r IG 980q;QJT e~g u L quoeosd oq gTjrl UGI08Teq0...

Carlo, Michael John

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

First law energy balance as a data screening tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Agogino et al. 1988), manufacturing (Walker and Wyatt 1995), chemical engineering (Dunia et al. 1996, Tong and Crowe 1995), and nuclear power stations (Dorr et al. 1997). FDD technology was introduced into building HVAC systems in the 1970s... F? ?? totV = total air flow through HVAC system, cfm OAV = outside air intake into the building through HVAC system, cfm CLV = air volume passing through cooling coil, cfm OAW = specific humidity ratio of outside air, / irlb lb CLW...

Shao, Xiaojie

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

375

5. Espais afins euclidians 5.1 Considerem en un pla afi euclidi`a una refer`encia {O; e1, e2} on e1e2 = 60  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5. Espais afins euclidians 5.1 Considerem en un pla af¬īi euclidi`a una refer`encia {O; e1, e2} on e. Calculeu les coordenades de la projecci¬īo ortogonal del punt (1, -2, 3) sobre el pla x - y + 2z = 0 entre ells. Trobeu la dist`ancia del punt al pla en tots dos casos. 5.3 Sigui {O; e1, e2, e3} una refer

Casacuberta, Carles

376

Enjoy the spectacular views of the Schoharie countryside at the beautiful Landis Arboretum.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

woodlands to fields with rolling hills. Registration: 8­9am. Race Start 9:30 am, at the Meeting House age group: Under 15, 15­19, 20­29, 30­39, 40­49, 50­59, 60­69, 70+. Tot Trot 1 0 : 3 0 A M 5K Forest. Please, no dogs on race day. Thank you. Participate in Arboretum's Perennial Forest Run. Please complete

McConnell, Terry

377

HemUltraSonicSensor Version 1.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

beaucoup plus t^ot. 1.1 Comment utiliser ce manuel Ce manuel introduit le module HemUltraSonicSensor destin¬īe au robot He- misson. Si ce manuel ne r¬īepond pas `a l'un des probl`emes auquel vous ^etes confront dom- mages `a un tiers. ¬≠ Ne branchez pas le module pendant que le robot est allum¬īe. Pour ¬īeviter

Napp, Nils

378

A prediction of energy savings resulting from building infiltration control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, temperature ('C) Indoor, or room, temperature of building ('C) Temperature of exterior surface of a building wall, window or roof ( C) Sol-air temperature for a wall or other building surface ('C) Interchangeable with T, Difference between building room... infiltration Designating airflow into a building surface Maximum model Minimum Interaction heat transfer calculation model N North Pressure Surface South sa Sol-air Room tot Total CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. 1 OBJECTIVES Heating and cooling...

McWatters, Kenneth Rob

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Learn to Skate at UAF Patty Ice Arena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learn to Skate at UAF Patty Ice Arena Tots(age 3-6)& Beginners/Pre-Alpha(age 6-up) 4 Sessions for non-members; $20/day Alpha-Freestyle 3:30-5:00pm One year membership to Ice Skating Institute - $15BreakSkatingCamp Skating for Hockey 3:30-5:00pm March 12-15 3:30-3:45 - O -ice:Warm up 4:00-4:45 - On Ice Skills 15 min

Wagner, Diane

380

PRIMER CONGRS NACIONAL 2 Circular (pre-programa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRIMER CONGR√?S NACIONAL 2¬™ Circular (pre-programa) EL PAISATGE DELS RIURAUS: ARQUITECTURA, HER√?NCIA dels riuraus: arquitectura, her√®ncia i reptes. Tot partint d'aquestes premisses el congr√©s pret√©n rebre a quatre grans √†mbits: 1. ETNOGR√?FIC-HIST√?RIC 2. ARQUITECTURA I PAISATGE RURAL 3. TUR√ćSTIC I TERRITORIAL 4

Escolano, Francisco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Outdoor Recreation -- Potential in East Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corrected for price changes. Table 3. Types of Fresh Water Used by Fishermen, Texas, 1960' Types of fresh water fished Fresh water fishermen Total Man-made Lakes Large Small2 Natural Lakes Rivers and Streams Percent 100.0 Source: Bureau of Census...,000 Picnic tables (3) ---------------------. 60 - Total ----- - - ----- --------------. ,060 Annual income : Membership fees.. .........-...--------------- $ 500 Members maintenance -.-..--------------- 250 Tot $ 750 Annual expenses: Road $ 75...

Schmedemann, Ivan W. (Ivan Wayne); Wooten, Alvin B.; Franklin, W. D. (William D.)

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Design of the PSi Header Processor for Xpress Transfer Protocol(XTP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Xpress Transfer Protocol for Local Area Networks. CHAPIER II BACKGROUND B n k frPr IPr With the availability of fiber optic technology, the data transmission rates in the order of 10g -109 bits per second are becoming a reality. Indeed, higher... segment in any packet is variable. The rniddle segment of the FIRST packet is mainly divided into an address segment and an optional data or padding information, as shown in Fig. 3 and each of which further contains sub-fields. address se ment (8*n b...

Rayaprolu, Murthy S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Mixed-metal bismuth-titanium species. Chemical routes to Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several routes to mixed-metal Bi-Ti species have been investigated. The inertness of bismuth alkoxides Bi(OR){sub 3} (R = Et, iPr) toward their titanium analogs could be overcome by controlled microhydrolysis of Bi alkoxides. The first mixed-metal species based on bismuth, BiTi{sub 2}O(OiPr){sub 9}, has thus been isolated and structurally characterized. Coatings of Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} have been deposited on silicon wafers by using the gels derived from Ti and Bi 2-methoxyethoxides solutions.

Papiernik, R.; Hubert-Pfalzgraf, L.G. [Univ. de Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, Nice (France); Parola, S.; Jagner, S. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden); Soares-Carvalho, F.; Thomas, P.; Mercurio, J.P. [URA, Limoges (France)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Performance evaluation of Appalachian wells using a microcomputer gas simulation model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Appalachian Basin contains very low reservoir pressures (as low as 120 psi). To help solve these problems, a one-dimensional gas simulator has been developed for use on a microcomputer. The simulation program provides production engineers with tools to generate data and determine the inflow performance relationships (IPR) of Appalachian-type wells. These Appalachian well field case studies were conducted, whereby various production methods were analyzed using the Nodal analysis method. Consequently, improved design criteria were established for selecting compatible production methods and handling production problems in the Appalachian Basin.

Yu, J.P.; Mustafa, A. (West Virginia Univ., Morgantown (USA)); Hefner, M.H. (CNG Transmission Co., Clarksburg, WV (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Investigation of the liquid/vapor composition of compressed liquid CO2 with N2 and O2 in integrated pollutant removal systems for coal combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate prediction of the processes in Integrated Pollutant Removal (IPR) using compression and condensation of coal combustion products requires an understanding of the liquid/vapor ternary CO2/O2/N2 system. At conditions close to the critical point of CO2 the existing equations of state deviate from the sparse measured results available in the literature. Building on existing data and procedures, the USDOE/Albany Research Center has designed an apparatus for examining compositions in this region. The design of the apparatus and planned initial experiments are presented.

Oryshchyn, Danylo B.; Ochs, Thomas L.; Summers, Cathy A.; Penner, Larry R.; Gerdemann, Stephen J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Controlling the properties of bulk metal oxides at a molecular level: Alkoxides vs carboxylates-alkoxides routes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reactions between alkoxides and/or alkoxides and anhydrous acetates have been investigated for access to advanced multicomponent niobates or titanates and with the aim to get insight into relationships between the nature of the initial precursors single or mixed metal derivatives, ligands (OAc or OR, R = Et, iPr),...- and the properties of the final material. Data are based on a variety of techniques: FT-IR, multinuclear NMR ({sup 1}H, {sup 13}C, {sup 207}Pb, {sup 113}Cd), X-ray investigations on single crystals. Powders have been analyzed by TGA, SEM-EDX, light scattering and XRD.

Hubert-Pfalzgraf, L.G.; Daniele, S.; Boulmaaz, S.; Papiernik, R. [Univ. de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice (France)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Hybrid heat exchange for the compression capture of CO2 from recirculated flue gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An approach proposed for removal of CO2 from flue gas cools and compresses a portion of a recirculated flue-gas stream, condensing its volatile materials for capture. Recirculating the flue gas concentrates SOx, H2O and CO2 while dramatically reducing N2 and NOx, enabling this approach, which uses readily available industrial components. A hybrid system of indirect and direct-contact heat exchange performs heat and mass transfer for pollutant removal and energy recovery. Computer modeling and experimentation combine to investigate the thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, chemistry and engineering design of this integrated pollutant removal (IPR) system.

Oryshchyn, Danylo B.; Ochs, Thomas L.; Summers, Cathy A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Two methods extend the operating range of ESP's  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports variable-speed devices (VSD's) and surface choking, two methods for extending the operating range of electrical submersible pumps (ESP's). With this additional operational flexibility, the ESP can be used in wells with rapidly changing productivity and in wells where the productivity has not been thoroughly tested. Before designing and installing an ESP, it is desirable to have tested the well and have knowledge of the well's current (and expected) productivity index (PI) or inflow performance (IPR). This can be done by a portable well-test unit using an ESP or another type of artificial lift device, perhaps installed previously on the well.

Lea, J.F. (Amoco Production Co., Tulsa, OK (USA))

1989-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

389

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- FY13). Provide a summary of FY14 Start-of-Year Budget. 2 #12;B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Fish & Wildlife Expense Budget (IPR 2000-2015) 3 $0.0 $50.0 $100.0 $150.0 $200 budget of $492 million Currently, year-to-date FY13 spending is approximately $10 million less than

390

Accurate evolutions of unequal-mass neutron-star binaries: properties of the torus and short GRB engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new results from accurate and fully general-relativistic simulations of the coalescence of unmagnetized binary neutron stars with various mass ratios. The evolution of the stars is followed through the inspiral phase, the merger and prompt collapse to a black hole, up until the appearance of a thick accretion disk, which is studied as it enters and remains in a regime of quasi-steady accretion. Although a simple ideal-fluid equation of state with \\Gamma=2 is used, this work presents a systematic study within a fully general relativistic framework of the properties of the resulting black-hole--torus system produced by the merger of unequal-mass binaries. More specifically, we show that: (1) The mass of the torus increases considerably with the mass asymmetry and equal-mass binaries do not produce significant tori if they have a total baryonic mass M_tot >~ 3.7 M_sun; (2) Tori with masses M_tor ~ 0.2 M_sun are measured for binaries with M_tot ~ 3.4 M_sun and mass ratios q ~ 0.75-0.85; (3) The mass of the torus can be estimated by the simple expression M_tor(q, M_tot) = [c_1 (1-q) + c_2](M_max-M_tot), involving the maximum mass for the binaries and coefficients constrained from the simulations, and suggesting that the tori can have masses as large as M_tor ~ 0.35 M_sun for M_tot ~ 2.8 M_sun and q ~ 0.75-0.85; (4) Using a novel technique to analyze the evolution of the tori we find no evidence for the onset of non-axisymmetric instabilities and that very little, if any, of their mass is unbound; (5) Finally, for all the binaries considered we compute the complete gravitational waveforms and the recoils imparted to the black holes, discussing the prospects of detection of these sources for a number of present and future detectors.

Luciano Rezzolla; Luca Baiotti; Bruno Giacomazzo; David Link; Jose A. Font

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

391

PU IMMOBILIZATION - INDUCTION MELTING ND OFFGAS TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cylindrical Induction Melter (CIM) at the Aiken County Technology Laboratory (ACTL) has been operated by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to support the Pu Disposition Conceptual Design (CD-0) development effort. The primary purpose of this report is to summarize the offgas sampling tests conducted in the CIM to capture and analyze the particulate and vapors emitted from lanthanide borosilicate (LaBS) Frit X with HfO{sub 2} as a surrogate for PuO{sub 2} and added impurities. In addition, this report describes several initial tests of the CIM for the vitrification of LaBS Frit X with HfO{sub 2}. The activities required to produce Frit X from batch chemical oxides for subsequent milling to yield glass frit of nominally 20 micron particle size are also discussed. The tests with impurities added showed that alkali salts such as NaCl and KCl were substantially emitted into the offgas system as the salt particulate, HCl, or Cl{sub 2}. Retention of Na and K in the glass were about 80 and 55%, respectively. Chloride retention was about 35%; chloride remaining in the glass was 0.29-0.37 wt%. Based on a material balance, approximately 83% of F fed was retained in the glass at about 0.09 wt % (F could not be measured directly at this concentration). Transition metals (Ni, Cu, Fe, Mo, Cr) were also volatilized to varying extents. A very small amount (<0.1 g) of nickel compounds and KCl were found in crystals deposited on the melter offgas line. Overall, about 58-72% of the impurities added were volatilized. Virtually all of the particulate species were collected on the nominal 0.3 {micro}m filter. The particulate evolution rate ranged from 2-8 g/kg glass/h. The particulate was found to be as small as 0.2 {micro}m and have an approximate median size of 0.5 {micro}m. The particulate salt was also found to stick together by forming bridges between particles. Further runs without washable salts are recommended. Measurements of particle size distribution for use in offgas system design and tests of simple impingement devices for particle collection are also recommended for tests in the near future.

Marra, J

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

392

Project Response To ASME Question for Comparison of Pure Oxy-Firing to Diluted Oxy-Firing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High flame temperature oxy-combustion and low flame temperature oxy-combustion are the two primary types of oxy-combustion, which is the combustion of fossil fuel with oxygen instead of air. High flame temperature oxy-combustion results in increased radiant energy, but heat flux at the water walls has been demonstrated to be maintained within design parameters. Less fossil fuel is used, so less CO{sub 2} is produced. Latent and sensible heat can be partially recovered from the compressors. CO{sub 2} capture costs are decreased. Evenly distributed heat avoids creating hot spots. The NETL IPR capture system can capture 100% of the CO{sub 2} when operating at steady state. New boiler designs for high flame temperature oxy-combustion can take advantage of the higher flame temperatures. High flame temperature oxy-combustion with IPR capture can be retrofitted on existing plants. High flame temperature oxy-combustion has significantly improved radiant heat transfer compared to low flame temperature oxy-combustion, but heat flux at the water walls can be controlled. High flame temperature oxy-combustion used with the NETL's Integrated Pollutant Removal System can capture 95%-100% of the CO{sub 2} with heat recovery. These technologies create CO{sub 2} capture cost savings, and are applicable to new design and existing design boilers.

Mark Schoenfield; Tom Ochs

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

Inflow performance relationships for solution-gas-drive reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this theoretical study, a numerical model was used to examine the influence of pressure level and skin factor on the inflow performance relationships (IPR's) of wells producing under solution-gas-drive systems. Examination of the synthetic deliverability curves suggests that the exponent of the deliverability curve is a function of time and that the exponent is usually greater than unity. The implication of this observation to field data is discussed. The accuracy of procedures given in the literature to predict oilwell deliverabilities is also examined. It is shown that these methods can be used to predict future performance provided that the exponent of the deliverability curve is known and that extrapolations over large time ranges are avoided. If single-point tests are used to predict future performance (such tests assume that the exponent of the deliverability curve is constant), then errors in predictions will be minimized. Although relative permeability and fluid property data are required, the Muskat material-balance equation and the assumption that GOR is independent of distance can be used to predict future production rates. This method avoids problems associated with other methods in the literature and always yields reliable results. New methods to modify the IPR curve to incorporate changes in skin factor are presented. A new flow-efficiency definition based on the structure of the deliverability equations for solution-gas-drive reservoirs is proposed. This definition avoids problems that result when the currently available methods are applied to heavily stimulated wells.

Camacho-V, R.G.; Raghavan, R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A pixel unit-cell targeting 16 ns resolution and radiation hardness in a column read-out particle vertex detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A pixel unit cell (PUC) circuit architecture, optimized for a column read out architecture, is reported. Each PUC contains an integrator, active filter, comparator, and optional analog store. The time-over-threshold (TOT) discriminator allows an all-digital interface to the array periphery readout while passing an analog measure of collected charge. Use of (existing) radiation hard processes, to build a detector bump-bonded to a pixel readout array, is targeted. Here, emphasis is on a qualitative explanation of how the unique circuit implementation benefits operation for Super Collider (SSC) detector application.

Wright, M.; Millaud, J.; Nygren, D.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

In Search of the f0 (or "sigma") Meson: New data on pi0 pi0 Production by pi- and K- on Hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present preliminary results on the cross sections and Dalitz-plot densities for the process pi- p -> pi0 pi0 n from threshold to p(pi)=750 MeV/c as well as for K- p -> pi0 pi0 Lambda and K- p -> pi0 pi0 Sigma0 at p(K)=520 to 750 MeV/c. We have found that sigma(tot)(pi- p -> pi0 pi0 n) ~= 2sigma(tot)(K- p -> pi0 pi0 Lambda). The pi0 pi0 n Dalitz plots are very nonuniform, expecially for the higher p(pi), with a high concentration of events on an "island" around m(pi n) ~= 1.2 GeV and Gamma ~= 0.1 GeV peaking at high pi0 pi0 invariant mass. This is indicative of the dominant role of the Delta0(1234)(3/2^+) resonance in the final state. The pi0 pi0 Lambda Dalitz plots are strikingly similar to the ones for pi0 pi0 n except that the island is concentrated at m(pi Lambda) ~= 1.38 GeV and has a narrower width, Gamma ~= 0.05 GeV. This indicates the dominant role of the Sigma0(1385)(3/2+) resonance. The similarity in the Dalitz plots and the proportionality of the total cross sections are an impressive testimony of the applicability of broken SU(3) flavor symmetry to reaction dynamics. We have measured sigma(tot)(K- p -> pi0 pi0 Lambda) ~= 6sigma(tot)(K- p -> pi0 pi0 Sigma0) and observed that the Dalitz plots for these processes are very different. The Dalitz plots for pi0 pi0 Sigma0 show some enhancement at low pi0 pi0 invariant mass, and there is good indication for the Lambda(1405) intermediate state but there is no island; at the highest p(K), there is some evidence for the Lambda(1520) intermediate state. The above features of pi0 pi0 production by pi- and K- can all be understood if f0 production is small.

B. M. K. Nefkens; S. Prakhov; A. Starostin

2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

396

Custom Feeding Clients Using Texas Feedlots -- Operational Characteristics, Management Practices, and Feeding Strategies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

500 to 1.000 2.500 - ' 5,000 7,500 10.000 Less than 999 ta 2,499 to 4,999 to 7,499 to 9.999 or more r 500 head head head head head head head Average ne reported by respondents surveyed. Factors Affecting tot Selectian rietors accounted for almost... bloodlines. Crossbreds rep- resented more than 90 percent of the cattle fed by clients feeding 10,000 head or more compared to 65 percent for the clients feeding less than 2,500 head during 1972. Steers accounted for about 70 percent of the cat- tle...

Dietrich, R. A.; Martin, J. R.; Ljungdahl, P. W.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Available Energy Calculations for Process Engineers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

condensation (vapor For exothermic reactions, strive to remove the ization) curves, some of the steps which might be heat of reaction at as high a temperature as is used are: possible. Constant T and P Ml = Mf (l To/T) (7) Constant P Ml = Mf (1 TJT lm... lists will be limited to equipment operated above T. Similar lists can be compiled for equipment opgrating below T. For reactors, separate lists are needed for e8dothermic and exothermic reactions. For endothermic reac tions, one should try...

Parker, A. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Physical and biological evaluations of an encapsulated diet for rearing predaceous insects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Studies of the comparative physical properties of capsules and ggs of Si tot". ~pea c rea" ella (Cli: r) and Heliothis virescens (F. ) indicated that the capsules (458 u in d. ' a) were similar in size to Eel' o'his egos (555 u ' . dia..., 'og ~Ch o (R'dg y t 1. 1. 970) ) and Heliothis (which are relatively similar in size and shape to the capsules and are eggs of a pest pe l*d h*p d t b ot 11 d by ~Ch . (R'dg y 10 1969, 1970) ). The encapsulated diet (Lot no. 5-026) selected...

Martin, Paul Bain

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Property:Towing Capabilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellhead Jump to:Technology ReadinessTimePeriod JumpTot

400

Tri-State G & T Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformation DixieTraverse Electric Coop,Trenton,CorpJump to:T

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Magnetic fields at resonant conditions for the hydrogen ion affect neurite outgrowth in PC-12 cells: A test of the ion parametric resonance model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PC-12 cells primed with nerve growth factor (NGF) were exposed to sinusoidal extremely-low-frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MFs) selected to test the predictions of the ion parametric resonance (IPR) model under resonance conditions for a single ion (hydrogen). The authors examined the field effects on the neurite outgrowth (NO) induced by NGF using three different combinations of flux densities of the parallel components of the AC MF (B{sub ac}) and the static MF (B{sub dc}). The first test examined the NO response in cells exposed to 45 Hz at a B{sub dc} of 2.96 {micro}T with resonant conditions for H{sup +} according to the model. The B{sub ac} values ranged from 0.29 to 4.11 {micro}T root-mean-square (rms). In the second test, the MF effects at off-resonance conditions (i.e., no biologically significant ion at resonance) were examined using the frequency of 45 Hz with a B{sub dc} of 1.97 {micro}T and covering a B{sub ac} range between 0.79 and 2.05 {micro}T rms. In the third test, the Ac frequency was changed to 30 Hz with the subsequent change in B{sub dc} to 1.97 {micro}T to tune for H{sup +} as in the first test. The B{sub ac} values ranged from 0.79 to 2.05 {micro}T rms. After a 23 h incubation and exposure to the MF in the presence of NGF (5 ng/ml), the NO was analyzed using a stereoscopic microscope. The results showed that the NGF stimulation of neurite outgrowth (NSNO) was affected by MF combinations over most of the B{sub ac} exposure range generally consistent with the predictions of the IPR model. However, for a distinct range of B{sub ac} where the IPR model predicted maximal ionic influence, the observed pattern of NSNO contrasted sharply with those predictions. The symmetry of this response suggests that values of B{sub ac} within this distinct range may trigger alternate or additional cellular mechanisms that lead to an apparent lack of response to the MF stimulus.

Trillo, M.A.; Ubeda, A. [Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid (Spain). Dept. Investigacion] [Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid (Spain). Dept. Investigacion; Blanchard, J.P. [Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development Dept.] [Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development Dept.; House, D.E.; Blackman, C.F. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)] [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Multi-phase flow well test analysis in multi-layer reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the performance of an oil well under multi-phase flow test conditions when the reservoir pressure falls below the bubble point pressure and is correspond with the performance of dissolved gas reservoirs. The model reservoir comprises two commingled layer, where a well test is conducted on a fully perforated interval. The water phase is assumed immobile. The main objective of this work is to interpret the flowing well pressure response and to predict reservoir characteristics based on its performance. The work presented is based on a constant terminal rate analysis, but it can also applied to constant bottomhole pressure and can be used to predict the Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR).

Jatmiko, W.; Archer, J.S. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Daltaban, T.S.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

CRYOGENICS FOR FUSION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fusion of Hydrogen to produce energy is one of the technologies under study to meet the mankind raising need in energy and as a substitute to fossil fuels for the future. This technology is under investigation for more than 30 years already, with, for example, the former construction of the experimental reactors Tore Supra, DIII-D and JET. With the construction of ITER to start, the next step to 'fusion for energy' will be done. In these projects, an extensive use of cryogenic systems is requested. Air Liquide has been involved as cryogenic partner in most of former and presently constructed fusion reactors. In the present paper, a review of the cryogenic systems we delivered to Tore Supra, JET, IPR and KSTAR will be presented.

Dauguet, P.; Bonneton, M.; Fauve, E.; Bernhardt, J. M.; Beauvisage, J.; Andrieu, F. [Air Liquide Advanced Technology Division BP15, ZI Les Engenieres, 38360 Sassenage (France); Gistau-Baguer, G. M.; Boissin, J. C. [Consultants, Grenoble (France)

2008-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

Quarterly technical report, January 1--March 31, 1990: Volume 2, Energy production research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research on enhanced petroleum recovery is presented, topics include: reservoir assessment and characterization; TORIS research support; development of improved microbial flooding methods; development of improved surfactant flooding methods; development of improved alkaline flooding methods; development of improved mobility control methods; gas-miscible displacement; development of improved immiscible gas displacement metholodgy; three-phase relative permeability; Three-Phase Relative Permeability; Thermal processes for light oil recovery; thermal processes for heavy oil recovery; imaging techniques applied to the study of fluids in porous media; microbial-enhanced waterflooding field project; technical analysis for underground injection control; development of an inflow performance relationship (IPR) for a slanted/horizontal well under solution gas drive; Phase 1 -- developing a reservoir data base; and EOR incentive projects survey.

Not Available

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Collective Dynamics of Strongly Coupled Dusty Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some selected highlights of theoretical and experimental research at IPR in the area of strongly coupled plasmas are presented. Theoretical analysis using the generalized hydrodynamics model have found interesting modifications in the linear propagation characteristics of dust acoustic waves (DAWs) including additional dispersive contributions and regions where {partial_derivative}{omega}/{partial_derivative}k<0. The analysis also predicted the existence of transverse shear waves in the liquid state of the dust component which were subsequently detected for the first time in laboratory experiments done at the Institute. Interesting experimental results in the strongly coupled regime were also obtained for DAWs including the first ever observations of solitary pulse propagation in such a medium.

Sen, Abhijit [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research quarterly technical report, April 1--June 30, 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research programs from NIPER are presented in the following areas: reservoir assessment and characterization, TORIS research support, development of improved microbial flooding methods, development of improved surfactant flooding methods, development of improved alkaline flooding methods, development of improved mobility-control methods, gas-miscible displacement, development of improved immiscible gas displacement methodology, three-phase relative permeability, thermal processes for light oil recovery, thermal processes for heavy oil recovery, imaging techniques applied to the study of fluids in porous media, microbial enhanced waterflooding field project, technical analysis for underground injection control, development of an inflow performance relationship (IPR) for a slanted/horizontal well under solution gas drive, Phase 1 -- developing a reservoir data base, EOR incentive projects survey, and feasibility study of heavy oil recovery in the midcontinent region.

Not Available

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Nomograph helps predict erosional corrosion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A completion string should be sized so that produced fluids will have a proper ascending velocity when they enter the lower end and remain under the critical velocity that would cause erosional corrosion or cavitation. As evidenced by numerous well data, few wells would produce a critical velocity for the optimum tubing size calculated by IPR and tubing intake curve calculations. However, any restriction in the completion string causes a drastic change in flow velocity that may lead to removal of protective inhibitor or corrosion film by shearing action, thus promoting erosional corrosion. And the result is an unavoidable failure of the completion string. This article addresses a graphical method of finding the erosional corrosion and/or cavitation prone intervals at any pressure-temperature-production rate base on API practices.

Altunbay, M.; Kaira, S.K.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Oxy-fuel Combustion and Integrated Pollutant Removal as Retrofit Technologies for Removing CO2 from Coal Fired Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One third of the US installed capacity is coal-fired, producing 49.7% of net electric generation in 20051. Any approach to curbing CO2 production must consider the installed capacity and provide a mechanism for preserving this resource while meeting CO2 reduction goals. One promising approach to both new generation and retrofit is oxy-fuel combustion. Using oxygen instead of air as the oxidizer in a boiler provides a concentrated CO2 combustion product for processing into a sequestration-ready fluid.... Post-combustion carbon capture and oxy-fuel combustion paired with a compression capture technology such as IPR are both candidates for retrofitting pc combustion plants to meet carbon emission limits. This paper will focus on oxy-fuel combustion as applied to existing coal power plants.

Ochs, T.L.; Oryshchyn, D.B.; Summers, C.A.; Gerdemann, S.J.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Experimental and theoretical study of red-shifted solitonic resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers and generation of radiation seeded Raman solitons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The red shifted solitonic resonant radiation is a fascinating phase matching phenomenon that occurs when an optical pulse, launched in the normal dispersion regime of photonic crystal fiber, radiates across the zero dispersion wavelength. The formation of such phase-matched radiation is independent of the generation of any optical soliton and mainly governed by the leading edge of input pump which forms a shock front. The radiation is generated at the anomalous dispersion regime and found to be confined both in time and frequency domain. We experimentally investigate the formation of such radiations in photonic crystal fibers with detailed theoretical analysis. Our theoretical predictions corroborate well with experimental results. Further we extend our study for long length fiber and investigate the interplay between red-shifted solitonic resonant radiation and intrapulse Raman scattering (IPRS). It is observed that series of radiation-seeded Raman solitons are generated in anomalous dispersion regime.

Bose, Surajit; Chattopadhyay, Rik; Pal, Mrinmay; Bhadra, Shyamal K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Analysis of ocean waves and wave forces by a filtering technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???? ???tj? a? t r?t? ?t??i ??o?? p? ?a????? ????? ?a???i?? ?prop????j p? ?pi?? ti? ?proti?? ?a?? jara?ti ?prop????j p? ??? rpya?? oa??bi? i??pi?j p? ?t??i???y?? ytiat?ap?? ??? 6ai? ?ty? ???pi? aj ?ro?p??? a? ???b?a?? ??? pi?a?t? y??p?a?? oip?a??j tjjp...????j p? ??? ?pi?? ?it?? ?t? ?? ???t??? ?ipr ??? i??pi?? ?y?? a? ??aj aj ?p??? ???i? aj j?a?? ??? t??a?ap?t? ?pr? o?a?t?ap? p? i??t?a?? ??? ?t??i???y?? ytiat?ap?j ?p ??? r?tjbi?? ?pi??j ?tbj?? ?? ??? ?t??i a?j??? t??a?? tj t ???ip???tra? ?i??b???? ?a???i...

Blumberg, Randolph

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fabrication of Message Digest to Authenticate Audio Signals with Alternation of Coefficients of Harmonics in Multi-Stages (MDAC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Providing security to audio songs for maintaining its intellectual property right (IPR) is one of chanllenging fields in commercial world especially in creative industry. In this paper, an effective approach has been incorporated to fabricate authentication of audio song through application of message digest method with alternation of coefficients of harmonics in multi-stages of higher frequency domain without affecting its audible quality. Decomposing constituent frequency components of song signal using Fourier transform with generating secret code via applying message digest followed by alternating coefficients of specific harmonics in multi-stages generates a secret code and this unique code is utilized to detect the originality of the song. A comparative study has been made with similar existing techniques and experimental results are also supported with mathematical formula based on Microsoft WAVE (".wav") stereo sound file.

Mondal, Uttam Kr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Heat deliverability of homogeneous geothermal reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the last two decades, the petroleum industry has been successfully using simple inflow performance relationships (IPR's) to predict oil deliverability. In contrast, the geothermal industry lacked a simple and reliable method to estimate geothermal wells' heat deliverability. To address this gap in the standard geothermal-reservoir-assessment arsenal, we developed generalized dimensionless geothermal inflow performance relationships (GIPR's). These ''reference curves'' may be regarded as an approximate general solution of the equations describing the practically important case of radial 2-phase inflow. Based on this approximate solution, we outline a straightforward approach to estimate the reservoir contribution to geothermal wells heat and mass deliverability for 2-phase reservoirs. This approach is far less costly and in most cases as reliable as numerically modeling the reservoir, which is the alternative for 2-phase inflow.

Iglesias, Eduardo R.; Moya, Sara L.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Hadron collisions at ultrahigh energies: black disk or resonant disk modes?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analysis of current ultrahigh energy data for hadronic total cross sections and diffractive scattering cross sections points to a steady growth of the optical density with energy for elastic scattering amplitudes in the impact parameter space, $b$. At LHC energy the profile function of the $pp$-scattering amplitude, $T(b)$, reaches the black disk limit at small $b$. Two scenarios are possible at larger energies, $\\sqrt{s}\\ga 100$ TeV. First, the profile function gets frozen in the black disk limit, $T(b)\\simeq 1$ while the radius of the black disk $R_{black\\;disk}$ is increasing with $\\sqrt s$, providing $\\sigma_{tot}\\sim \\ln^2s$, $\\sigma_{el}\\sim \\ln^2s$, $\\sigma_{inel}\\sim \\ln^2s$. In another scenario the profile function continues to grow at $\\sqrt{s}\\ga 100$ TeV approaching the maximal value, $T(b)\\simeq 2$, that means the resonant disk mode. We discuss features of the resonant disk mode when the disk radius, $R_{resonant\\;disk}\\,$, increases providing the growth of the total and elastic cross sections $\\sigma_{tot}\\sim \\ln^2s$, $\\sigma_{el}\\sim \\ln^2s$, but a more slow increase of inelastic cross section, $\\sigma_{inel}\\sim \\ln s$.

V. V. Anisovich; V. A. Nikonov; J. Nyiri

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

The Ratio of Helium- to Hydrogen-Atmosphere White Dwarfs: Direct Evidence for Convective Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the ratio of helium- to hydrogen-atmosphere white dwarf stars as a function of effective temperature from a model atmosphere analysis of the infrared photometric data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey combined with available visual magnitudes. Our study surpasses any previous analysis of this kind both in terms of the accuracy of the Teff determinations as well as the size of the sample. We observe that the ratio of helium- to hydrogen-atmosphere white dwarfs increases gradually from a constant value of ~0.25 between Teff = 15,000 K and 10,000 K to a value twice as large in the range 10,000 > Teff > 8000 K, suggesting that convective mixing, which occurs when the bottom of the hydrogen convection zone reaches the underlying convective helium envelope, is responsible for this gradual transition. The comparison of our results with an approximate model used to describe the outcome of this convective mixing process implies hydrogen mass layers in the range log M_H/M_tot = -10 to -8 for about 15% of the DA stars that survived the DA to DB transition near Teff ~ 30,000 K, the remainder having presumably more massive layers above log M_H/M_tot ~ -6.

P. -E. Tremblay; P. Bergeron

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

415

Froissart Bound on Inelastic Cross Section Without Unknown Constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming that axiomatic local field theory results hold for hadron scattering, Andr\\'e Martin and S. M. Roy recently obtained absolute bounds on the D-wave below threshold for pion-pion scattering and thereby determined the scale of the logarithm in the Froissart bound on total cross sections in terms of pion mass only. Previously, Martin proved a rigorous upper bound on the inelastic cross-section $\\sigma_{inel}$ which is one-fourth of the corresponding upper bound on $\\sigma_{tot}$, and Wu, Martin,Roy and Singh improved the bound by adding the constraint of a given $\\sigma_{tot}$. Here we use unitarity and analyticity to determine, without any high energy approximation, upper bounds on energy averaged inelastic cross sections in terms of low energy data in the crossed channel. These are Froissart-type bounds without any unknown coefficient or unknown scale factors and can be tested experimentally. Alternatively, their asymptotic forms,together with the Martin-Roy absolute bounds on pion-pion D-waves below t...

Martin, Andrť

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

PSR J1930-1852: a pulsar in the widest known orbit around another neutron star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the summer of 2012, during a Pulsar Search Collaboratory workshop, two high-school students discovered J1930$-$1852, a pulsar in a double neutron star (DNS) system. Most DNS systems are characterized by short orbital periods, rapid spin periods and eccentric orbits. However, J1930$-$1852 has the longest spin period ($P_{\\rm spin}\\sim$185 ms) and orbital period ($P_{\\rm b}\\sim$45 days) yet measured among known, recycled pulsars in DNS systems, implying a shorter than average and/or inefficient recycling period before its companion went supernova. We measure the relativistic advance of periastron for J1930$-$1852, $\\dot{\\omega}=0.00078$(4) deg/yr, which implies a total mass (M$_{\\rm{tot}}=2.59$(4) M$_{\\odot}$) consistent with other DNS systems. The $2\\sigma$ constraints on M$_{\\rm{tot}}$ place limits on the pulsar and companion masses ($m_{\\rm p}1.30$ M$_{\\odot}$ respectively). J1930$-$1852's spin and orbital parameters challenge current DNS population models and make J1930$-$1852 an important system for fur...

Swiggum, J K; McLaughlin, M A; Lorimer, D R; Heatherly, S; Lynch, R; Scoles, S; Hockett, T; Filik, E; Marlowe, J A; Barlow, B N; Weaver, M; Hilzendeger, M; Ernst, S; Crowley, R; Stone, E; Miller, B; Nunez, R; Trevino, G; Doehler, M; Cramer, A; Yencsik, D; Thorley, J; Andrews, R; Laws, A; Wenger, K; Teter, L; Snyder, T; Dittmann, A; Gray, S; Carter, M; McGough, C; Dydiw, S; Pruett, C; Fink, J; Vanderhout, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Measuring neutron-star ellipticity with measurements of the stochastic gravitational-wave background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galactic neutron stars are a promising source of gravitational waves in the analysis band of detectors such as LIGO and Virgo. Previous searches for gravitational waves from neutron stars have focused on the detection of individual neutron stars, which are either nearby or highly non-spherical. Here we consider the stochastic gravitational-wave signal arising from the ensemble of Galactic neutron stars. Using a population synthesis model, we estimate the single-sigma sensitivity of current and planned gravitational-wave observatories to average neutron star ellipticity $\\epsilon$ as a function of the number of in-band Galactic neutron stars $N_\\text{tot}$. For the plausible case of $N_\\text{tot}\\approx 53000$, and assuming one year of observation time with colocated initial LIGO detectors, we find it to be $\\sigma_\\epsilon=2.1\\times10^{-7}$, which is comparable to current bounds on some nearby neutron stars. (The current best $95\\%$ upper limits are $\\epsilon\\lesssim7\\times10^{-8}.$) It is unclear if Advanced LIGO can significantly improve on this sensitivity using spatially separated detectors. For the proposed Einstein Telescope, we estimate that $\\sigma\\epsilon=5.6\\times10^{-10}$. Finally, we show that stochastic measurements can be combined with measurements of individual neutron stars in order to estimate the number of in-band Galactic neutron stars. In this way, measurements of stochastic gravitational waves provide a complementary tool for studying Galactic neutron stars.

Dipongkar Talukder; Eric Thrane; Sukanta Bose; Tania Regimbau

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

418

Fluctuations of the number of neutral pions at high multiplicity in pp interactions at 50 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results obtained by measuring fluctuations of the number of neutral pions in the SERP-E-190 Experiment (Thermalization Project) upon irradiating a liquid-hydrogen target of the SVD-2 setup with a beam of 50-GeV protons are presented. A simulation of the detection of photons from the decay of neutral pions with the aid of an electromagnetic calorimeter revealed a linear relation between the number of detected photons and the mean number of neutral pions in an event. After the introduction of corrections for the loss of charged tracks because of a limited acceptance of the setup, trigger operation, and the efficiency of the data-treatment system, distributions of the number of neutral pions, N{sub 0}, were obtained for each value of the total number of particles in an event, N{sub tot} = N{sub ch} + N{sub 0}. The fluctuation parameter {omega} = D/ Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket N{sub 0} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket was measured. In the region N{sub tot} > 22, fluctuations of the number of neutral pions increase, which, within statistical models (GCE, CE, MCE), indicates that the system involving a large number of pions approaches the pion-condensate state. This effect was observed for the first time.

Ryadovikov, V. N., E-mail: riadovikov@ihep.ru [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Sm and DNA Binding by dual reactive B cells requires distinct V{sub H}, V{sub {kappa}}, and V{sub H} CDR3 structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have previously demonstrated an overlap of the anti-Sm and anti-DNA responses in MRL/Mp-Ipr/Ipr mice. The Ab produced by many anti-Sm hybridomas bind DNA and are encoded by Ig V genes used by anti-DNA hybridomas. In addition, some anti-Sm Ab that bind DNA have acquired mutations that improve DNA binding, indicating that DNA is a selecting Ag in the anti-Sm response. To gain insight into the basis for the dual binding ability of these Ab, we coexpressed the H chain from the anti-Sm hybridoma 2-12 with nine different L chains. Hybridoma 2-12 binds Sm but not DNA, yet expresses the same J558 V{sub H} gene as three anti-Sm hybridomas that bind ssDNA and at least one anti-DNA hybridoma that does not bind Sm. We found that most of the transfectoma Ab bind Sm, but their avidities vary over more than 3 orders of magnitude. Five of the nine transfectoma Ab bind ssDNA, and none bind dsDNA. In general, the ability to bind each Ag follows the binding ability of the hybridoma from which the L chain is derived. H Chain swapping experiments indicate that the H chain, V{sub H} CDR3 in particular contributes to the binding of both Sm and DNA. We conclude that Sm and DNA select for distinct features of V{sub H}, V{sub {kappa}}, and V{sub H} CDR3, suggesting selection by both Ag in the anti-Sm response.

Retter, M.W.; Eisenberg, R.A.; Cohen, P.L. [Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)] [and others

1995-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Correlation and localization properties of topological charge density and the pseudoscalar glueball mass in lattice Yang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using ensembles generated with periodic or open boundary conditions in the temporal direction, and using Wilson flow or HYP smearing to smoothen the gauge fields, we have studied the Topological Charge Density Correlator (TCDC) and the Inverse Participation Ratio (IPR) for the topological charge density distribution in Lattice Yang-Mills theory. We have observed that at the same lattice volume and lattice spacing and at a given Wilson flow time, there is no noticeable difference between the TCDCs calculated with periodic and open boundary conditions in the temporal direction. The size of the positive core increases and the heights of the positive and negative peaks decrease with flow time, in both the cases. Open boundary condition makes it possible to compute observables at a smaller lattice spacing. On the other hand, the reference energy scale provided by Wilson flow allows us to study their scaling behaviour. At a particular Wilson flow time $t$ for all the lattice spacings investigated (except the largest one), the TCDC data show universal behaviour within our statistical uncertainties. The behaviour of TCDC at a fixed Wilson flow time for different lattice spacings is contrasted with that of the data at a fixed HYP smearing level which show apparent scaling violation. The pseudoscalar glueball mass extracted from the TCDC appears to be insensitive to the lattice spacings (0.0345 fm $\\leq a \\leq$ 0.0667 fm) explored in this work. Expectation values of the IPR at different lattice spacings are found to be very close to each other at a given reference scale.

Abhishek Chowdhury; A. Harindranath; Jyotirmoy Maiti

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

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421

RHEOLOGICAL AND ELEMENTAL ANALYSES OF SIMULANT SB5 SLURRY MIX EVAPORATOR-MELTER FEED TANK SLURRIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) will complete Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) processing in fiscal year 2010. DWPF has experienced multiple feed stoppages for the SB5 Melter Feed Tank (MFT) due to clogs. Melter throughput is decreased not only due to the feed stoppage, but also because dilution of the feed by addition of prime water (about 60 gallons), which is required to restart the MFT pump. SB5 conditions are different from previous batches in one respect: pH of the Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) product (9 for SB5 vs. 7 for SB4). Since a higher pH could cause gel formation, due in part to greater leaching from the glass frit into the supernate, SRNL studies were undertaken to check this hypothesis. The clogging issue is addressed by this simulant work, requested via a technical task request from DWPF. The experiments were conducted at Aiken County Technology Laboratory (ACTL) wherein a non-radioactive simulant consisting of SB5 Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) product simulant and frit was subjected to a 30 hour SME cycle at two different pH levels, 7.5 and 10; the boiling was completed over a period of six days. Rheology and supernate elemental composition measurements were conducted. The caustic run exhibited foaming once, after 30 minutes of boiling. It was expected that caustic boiling would exhibit a greater leaching rate, which could cause formation of sodium aluminosilicate and would allow gel formation to increase the thickness of the simulant. Xray Diffraction (XRD) measurements of the simulant did not detect crystalline sodium aluminosilicate, a possible gel formation species. Instead, it was observed that caustic conditions, but not necessarily boiling time, induced greater thickness, but lowered the leach rate. Leaching consists of the formation of metal hydroxides from the oxides, formation of boric acid from the boron oxide, and dissolution of SiO{sub 2}, the major frit component. It is likely that the observed precipitation of Mg(OH){sub 2} and Mn(OH){sub 2} caused the increase in yield stress. The low pH run exhibited as much as an order of magnitude greater B and Li (frit components) leachate concentrations in the supernate. At high pH a decrease of B leaching was found and this was attributed to adsorption onto Mg(OH){sub 2}. A second leaching experiment was performed without any sludge to deconvolute the leach rate behavior of Frit 418 from those of the SB5 sludge-Frit 418 system. At high pH, the sludgeless system demonstrated very fast leaching of all the frit components, primarily due to fast dissolution of the main component, silica, by hydroxide anion; various semiconductor studies have established this reactivity. Overall, the frit-water system exhibited greater leaching from a factor two to almost three orders of magnitude (varying by conditions and species). The slower leaching of the sludge system is possibly due to a greater ionic strength or smaller driving force. Another possible reason is a physical effect, coating of the frit particles with sludge; this would increase the mass transfer resistance to leaching. Based on this study, the cause of clogs in the melter feed loop is still unknown. A possible explanation is that the SME product, like the simulant, is too thin and could contribute to a loss of two-phase flow which could cause plugging of a restricted and poorly mixed zone like the melter feed loop. This is feasible since a previous study of a slurry showed an increase in resistance to flow at lower flow rates. Testing with a radioactive SME sample is underway and should help understand this potential mechanism.

Fernandez, A.

2010-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

422

THE DENSITY PROFILES OF MASSIVE, RELAXED GALAXY CLUSTERS. I. THE TOTAL DENSITY OVER THREE DECADES IN RADIUS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clusters of galaxies are excellent locations to probe the distribution of baryons and dark matter (DM) over a wide range of scales. We study a sample of seven massive (M {sub 200} = 0.4-2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} M {sub Sun }), relaxed galaxy clusters with centrally located brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) at z = 0.2-0.3. Using the observational tools of strong and weak gravitational lensing, combined with resolved stellar kinematics within the BCG, we measure the total radial density profile, comprising both dark and baryonic matter, over scales of {approx_equal} 3-3000 kpc. We present Keck spectroscopy yielding seven new spectroscopic redshifts of multiply imaged sources and extended stellar velocity dispersion profiles of the BCGs. Lensing-derived mass profiles typically agree with independent X-ray estimates within {approx_equal} 15%, suggesting that departures from hydrostatic equilibrium are small and that the clusters in our sample (except A383) are not strongly elongated or compressed along the line of sight. The inner logarithmic slope {gamma}{sub tot} of the total density profile measured over r/r {sub 200} = 0.003-0.03, where {rho}{sub tot}{proportional_to}r{sup -{gamma}{sub t}{sub o}{sub t}}, is found to be nearly universal, with a mean ({gamma}{sub tot}) = 1.16 {+-} 0.05(random){sup +0.05} {sub -0.07} (systematic) and an intrinsic scatter {sigma}{sub {gamma}} < 0.13 (68% confidence). This is further supported by the very homogeneous shape of the observed velocity dispersion profiles, which are mutually consistent after a simple scaling. Remarkably, this slope agrees closely with high-resolution numerical simulations that contain only DM, despite the significant contribution of stellar mass on the scales we probe. The Navarro-Frenk-White profile characteristic of collisionless cold DM is a better description of the total mass density at radii {approx}> 5-10 kpc than that of DM alone. Hydrodynamical simulations that include baryons, cooling, and feedback currently provide a poorer match. We discuss the significance of our findings for understanding the physical processes governing the assembly of BCGs and cluster cores, particularly the influence of baryons on the inner DM halo.

Newman, Andrew B.; Ellis, Richard S. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, MS 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, MS 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Treu, Tommaso; Sand, David J. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Nipoti, Carlo [Astronomy Department, University of Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)] [Astronomy Department, University of Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Richard, Johan [CRAL, Observatorie de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, 9 Avenue Ch. Andre, F-69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex (France)] [CRAL, Observatorie de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, 9 Avenue Ch. Andre, F-69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex (France); Jullo, Eric, E-mail: anewman@astro.caltech.edu [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Universite d'Aix-Marseille and CNRS, UMR7326, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, F-13388 Marseille Cedex 13 (France)] [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Universite d'Aix-Marseille and CNRS, UMR7326, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, F-13388 Marseille Cedex 13 (France)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Observations on the vitamin B12 binding substance of egg yolk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, , ". ' ia, ". Ia "::;tot a taw':":. ':. o: i)::!::;;:ot'. )1;st ~e' sto ' i!'. s:-". Ii!I st ) 'I) ' 'NIJt) 1) 0 ~Dw 3 MM j@C t CX L gee e 1 "!6"-Ji N " 3%8 Ve ste)))El' !)gp;, ?Itl L%~ 1st t i" ": '" )i. I 'ae ' a:; i . ? ti 1 to se taJit !!I JT "'-'''I..., '. ' '. , ', ~) Wg' ?i, ~, , ~', "--. 'f1'. "C ~. ';. g. ";. '%3, A . A~ ~', :. ~ v '. &". V'k'. 14 mm ~m~ @w", : @@~X+~-. ~ ~Ms et . i2;, " C j des~d. ~4. e~ t, ". ie Vi ~~~M . -, ??'AXED'r. O-;?. * ~p' Cg 4+@ ~'147~~1C g@C'%CD COW4gi'MVAO ~ 3g%:Milan 4::ja...

Ener, Huseyin Siret

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Influence of the Target - Density Effects on Electron - Capture Processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of the target density on the electron-capture (EC) processes in collisions of fast ions with atoms and molecules is considered. The partial EC cross sections {sigma}n on the principal quantum number n of the scattered projectile, as well as the total {sigma}tot values are calculated for highly charged ions interacting with gaseous and solid targets in the energy range of E = 100 keV/amu to 10 MeV/amu. It is shown that with the target density increasing, the population of the excited states of the scattered projectiles, formed via the EC channel, is suppressed due to projectile ionization by the target particles and, as a result, the effective EC cross sections drastically decrease.

Tolstikhina, I.Yu.; Shevelko, V.P. [P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute, 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

NOx Emissions Reduction from Continuous Commissioning(R) Measures for the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total NOx Reductions (lbs/day) Total NOx Reductions (Tons/day) TOT EQ ELECTRICITY (MWh) (Electricity and Chilled water) 4,761 7,278.7 3.6393 24.2 36.7 0.0184 HOT WATER (MCF) 8,358 1,170.2 0.5851 41.0 5.7 0.0029 Total 8,448.9 4.2244 42.5 0....0212 NOTES: 1) Assuming 7% for T&D losses and a Discount factor of 25%. Corresponding factors to integrated savings presented to the TCEQ. 2) A factor of 0.140 lb of NOx/MCF of Natural Gas (Controlled - Low NOx burners 140 A...

Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.

426

A new measurement of the rare decay eta -> pi^0 gamma gamma with the Crystal Ball/TAPS detectors at the Mainz Microtron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new measurement of the rare, doubly radiative decay eta->pi^0 gamma gamma was conducted with the Crystal Ball and TAPS multiphoton spectrometers together with the photon tagging facility at the Mainz Microtron MAMI. New data on the dependence of the partial decay width, Gamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma), on the two-photon invariant mass squared, m^2(gamma gamma), as well as a new, more precise value for the decay width, Gamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma) = (0.33+/-0.03_tot) eV, are based on analysis of 1.2 x 10^3 eta->pi^0 gamma gamma decays from a total of 6 x 10^7 eta mesons produced in the gamma p -> eta p reaction. The present results for dGamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma)/dm^2(gamma gamma) are in good agreement with previous measurements and recent theoretical calculations for this dependence.

Nefkens, B. M.; Prakhov, S.; Aguar-Bartolom??, P.; Annand, J. R.; Arends, H. J.; Bantawa, K.; Beck, R.; Bekrenev, V.; Bergh??user, H.; Braghieri, A.; Briscoe, W. J.; Brudvik, J.; Cherepnya, S.; Codling, R. F.; Collicott, C.; Costanza, S.; Danilkin, I. V.; Denig, A.; Demissie, B.; Dieterle, M.; Downie, E. J.; Drexler, P.; Fil'kov, L. V.; Fix, A.; Garni, S.; Glazier, D. I.; Gregor, R.; Hamilton, D.; Heid, E.; Hornidge, D.; Howdle, D.; Jahn, O.; Jude, T. C.; Kashevarov, V. L.; K??ser, A.; Keshelashvili, I.; Kondratiev, R.; Korolija, M.; Kotulla, M.; Koulbardis, A.; Kruglov, S.; Krusche, B.; Lisin, V.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I. J.; Maghrbi, Y.; Mancel, J.; Manley, D. M.; McNicoll, E. F.; Mekterovic, D.; Metag, V.; Mushkarenkov, A.; Nikolaev, A.; Novotny, R.; Oberle, M.; Ortega, H.; Ostrick, M.; Ott, P.; Otte, P. B.; Oussena, B.; Pedroni, P.; Polonski, A.; Robinson, J.; Rosner, G.; Rostomyan, T.; Schumann, S.; Sikora, M. H.; Starostin, A.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strub, T.; Suarez, I. M.; Supek, I.; Tarbert, C. M.; Thiel, M.; Thomas, A.; Unverzagt, M.; Watts, D. P.; Werthmueller, D; Witthauer, L.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A computer program for maximum likelihood estimation of variance components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) C ???????? ???????? X-Z(Z-Z+f)?+(-I ) ???????? Cl?SORT(GAM(f? IC3i I 002003K I ~ fTOT IF(K ~ GTs ITO( IC3 ? C1~8QRT(GAM(IC2 )) IC3?IC2 I F (KyEQo I TO ( I C2 & ) I C2? I C2+ I 2003 XZ(J)~XZ(J)+FLOAT(IXPU(K))?CI?X(K) 2002 CONT I NUE WRI TF...}&%4}(. %}&4 444154444 X-Z(Z-Zp I ) 44 ( I } 7 X %%44%444%% C }}}&%%}}}}44 00200 6K'= I ~ I T OT IF(K GT ~ (TO( IC3) )Cl SORT(GAM(IC2) ) IC3~IC2 IF(KsEQi )TO( IC2 )) IC2= I'C2+I 2006 XA(J) XA (J)+FLOAT( IXPU(K) )4CI+XZ (K ) 2005 CONTINUE WR I TE t 8...

Hays, John Howard

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Second Peak: The Dark-Energy Density and the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supernova evidence for a negative-pressure dark energy (e.g., cosmological constant or quintessence) that contributes a fraction $\\Omega_\\Lambda\\simeq0.7$ of closure density has been bolstered by the discrepancy between the total density, $\\Omega_{\\rm tot}\\simeq1$, suggested by the location of the first peak in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum and the nonrelativistic-matter density $\\Omega_m\\simeq0.3$ obtained from dynamical measurements. Here we show that the impending identification of the location of the {\\it second} peak in the CMB power spectrum will provide an immediate and independent probe of the dark-energy density. As an aside, we show how the measured height of the first peak probably already points toward a low matter density and places upper limits to the reionization optical depth and gravitational-wave amplitude.

Marc Kamionkowski; Ari Buchalter

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Dark Energy Model interacting with Dark Matter described by an effective EoS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this latter author would like to consider interaction between a dark energy based on Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) and a Dark Matter described by effective EoS: $P = (\\gamma-1)\\rho+p_{0}+\\omega_{H}H+\\omega_{H2}H^{2}+\\omega_{dH}\\dot{H}$ [1]-[3], which could be interpreted as a modification concerning to the some interaction between fluid $P=(\\gamma-1)\\rho$ with different components of the Darkness of the Universe. Two types of interaction, called sign-changeable, $Q=q(3Hb\\rho_{m}+\\beta\\dot{\\rho}_{m})$ [4],[5] and $Q=3Hb\\rho_{m}+\\beta\\dot{\\rho}_{m}$ are considered. EoS parameter of the mixture $\\omega_{tot}$ are investigated. Statefinder diagnostics provided also.

Martiros Khurshudyan

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Universe with a generalized ghost dark energy and Van der Waals fluid interacting with a fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider an unusual connection between different fluids. Having established a research goal we would like to consider a toy model of the Universe and investigate its behavior, especially for later time evolution for well known facts. The main goal of the article is to consider a toy model of the Universe with generalized ghost dark energy, Van der Waals gas and a phenomenologically modified fluid. The origin of the last component can be understood as a result of interaction between some original fluid and some source of energy or matter in Universe. By unusual connection we mean an assumption that generalized ghost dark energy has its contribution to the model by an interaction term $Q$ and we suppose an interaction $Q=3Hb(\\rho_{\\small{tot}}-\\rho_{GDe})$ of the form. Graphical analysis is performed and the questions of validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics and stability of the model also approached in this paper.

M. Khurshudyan; B. Pourhassan; E. Chubaryan

2014-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

431

Steer Feeding.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Days. Lo t N o. No. of St ee rs . Av er ag e W ei gh t Oc t. 16 , Lb s. Tot al Fe ed E ate n Pe r H ea d, L bs . Tota l Ga in Per H ea d, Lb s. Av er ag e Da ily Gain Pe r H ea d, Lb s....4 cottonseed 1123.3 silage 135 4.5 92.2 cotton seed 832.1 silage SI .82 J LuuF f u u g SG R I TABLE 3. Results for Second Period of 30 Days. Lo t N o. No . of Stee rs. Av er ag e w ei gh t Nov. 15 , Lb s. Total Fe ed Ea ten...

Burns, John C,

1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A new upper limit on the total neutrino mass from the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We constrain f_nu = Omega_nu / Omega_m, the fractional contribution of neutrinos to the total mass density in the Universe, by comparing the power spectrum of fluctuations derived from the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey with power spectra for models with four components: baryons, cold dark matter, massive neutrinos and a cosmological constant. Adding constraints from independent cosmological probes we find f_nu < 0.13 (at 95% confidence) for a prior of 0.1< Omega_m <0.5, and assuming the scalar spectral index n=1. This translates to an upper limit on the total neutrino mass and m_nu,tot < 1.8 eV for "concordance" values of Omega_m and the Hubble constant. Very similar results are obtained with a prior on Omega_m from Type Ia supernovae surveys, and with marginalization over n.

O. Elgaroy; O. Lahav; W. J. Percival; J. A. Peacock; D. S. Madgwick; S. L. Bridle; C. M. Baugh; I. K. Baldry; J. Bland-Hawthorn; T. Bridges; R. Cannon; S. Cole; M. Colless; C. Collins; W. Couch; G. Dalton; R. De Propris; S. P. Driver; G. P. Efstathiou; R. S. Ellis; C. S. Frenk; K. Glazebrook; C. Jackson; I. Lewis; S. Lumsden; S. Maddox; P. Norberg; B. A. Peterson; W. Sutherland; K. Taylor

2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

433

Theory of the temperature dependence of the threshold current of an InGaAsP laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The threshold current of an InGaAsP laser is calculated, where the radiative emission, reflection and absorption losses, and Auger recombination are considered. Moreover, the enhancement of the threshold carrier density at high temperatures is an important point. A mechanism for this enhancement is discussed. Then we obtain an excellent agreement with the measured temperature dependence of the threshold current, in particular the T /SUB o/ -values for Tgreater than or equal toT /SUB B/ and the break point T /SUB B/ . The reason for this break point is that the radiative recombination dominates for T < T /SUB B/ , whereas the strongly temperature dependent valence band Auger process becomes more and more important for T > T /SUB B/ . It is this process which causes the strong increase of the threshold current in the room temperature range.

Haug, A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Calibration of the x-ray ring quadrupoles, BPMs, and orbit correctors using the measured orbit response matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quadrupole strengths, beam position monitor (BPM) gains, and orbit correction magnet strengths were adjusted in a computer model of the NSLS X-Ray ring in order to best fit the model orbit response matrix to the measured matrix. The model matrix was fit tot the 4320 data points in the measured matrix with an rms difference of only 2 to 3 microns, which is due primarily to noise in the BPM measurements. The strengths of the 56 individual quadrupoles in the X-Ray ring were determined to an accuracy of about 0.2%. The BPM and orbit corrector calibrations were also accurately determined. A through analysis of both random and systematic errors is included.

Safranek, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Lee, M. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Thermoelectric figure of merit of Ag{sub 2}Se with Ag and Se excess  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the temperature range of 100-300 K, the electric ({sigma}) and thermoelectric ({alpha}{sub 0}) properties of Ag{sub 2}Se with an excess of Ag as high as {approx}0.1 at. % and Se as high as {approx}1.0 at. %, respectively, are investigated. From the data on {sigma}, {alpha}{sub 0}, and {chi}{sub tot} (thermal conductivities), the thermoelectric power {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}{sigma} and the figure of merit Z are calculated. It is found that {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}{sigma} and Z attain the peak values at room temperature and the electron concentration n {approx} 6.5 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}.

Aliev, F. F., E-mail: farzali@physics.ab.az; Jafarov, M. B.; Eminova, V. I. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Archeops: an instrument for present and future cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Archeops is a balloon-borne instrument dedicated to measure the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropies. It has, in the millimetre domain (from 143 to 545 GHz), a high angular resolution (about 10 arcminutes) in order to constrain high l multipoles, as well as a large sky coverage fraction (30%) in order to minimize the cosmic variance. It has linked, before WMAP, Cobe large angular scales to the first acoustic peak region. From its results, inflation motivated cosmologies are reinforced with a flat Universe (Omega_tot=1 within 3%). The dark energy density and the baryonic density are in very good agreement with other independent estimations based on supernovae measurements and big bang nucleosynthesis. Important results on galactic dust emission polarization and their implications for Planck are also addressed.

M. Tristram

2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

437

Effective field theory calculation of nd radiative capture at thermal energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross section for the thermal neutron capture by the deuteron is calculated with pionless Effective Field Theory(EFT). No new Three-Nucleon forces are needed up to next-to-next-to-leading order in order to achieve cut-off independent results, besides those fixed by the triton binding energy and Nd scattering length in the triton channel. The cross-section is accurately determined to be $\\sigma_{tot}=[0.503\\pm 0.003]mb$. At zero energies, the magnetic $M1$-transition gives the dominant contribution and is calculated up to next-to-next-to-leading order (N$^2$LO). Close agreement between the available experimental data and the calculated cross section is reached. We demonstrate convergence and cutoff independence order by order in the low-energy expansion.

H. Sadeghi; S. Bayegan; Harald W. Griesshammer

2006-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

438

Plasma Diagnostics of Active Region Evolution and Implications for Coronal Heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed study is presented of the decaying solar active region NOAA 10103 observed with the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS), the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) and the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). Electron density maps formed using Si X (356.03A/347.41A) show that the density varies from ~10^10 cm^-3 in the active region core, to ~7x10^8 cm^-3 at the region boundaries. Over the five days of observations, the average electron density fell by ~30%. Temperature maps formed using Fe XVI(335.41A)/Fe XIV(334.18A) show electron temperatures of \\~2.34x10^6 K in the active region core, and ~2.10x10^6 K at the region boundaries. Similarly to the electron density, there was a small decrease in the average electron temperature over the five day period. The radiative, conductive, and mass flow losses were calculated and used to determine the resultant heating rate (P_H). Radiative losses were found to dominate the active region cooling process. As the region decayed, the heating rate decreased by almost a factor of five between the first and last day of observations. The heating rate was then compared to the total unsigned magnetic flux (Phi_tot), yielding a power-law of the form P_H ~ Phi_tot^(0.81 +/- 0.32). This result suggests that waves rather than nanoflares may be the dominant heating mechanism in this active region.

R. O. Milligan; P. T. Gallagher; M. Mathioudakis; F. P. Keenan; D. S. Bloomfield

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

439

Carbon?Oxygen Bond Forming Mechanisms in Rhenium Oxo-Alkyl Complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three C?X bond formation mechanisms observed in the oxidation of (HBpz{sub 3})ReO(R)(OTf) [HBpz{sub 3} = hydrotris(1-pyrazolyl)borate; R = Me, Et, and iPr; OTf = OSO{sub 2}CF{sub 3}] by dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were investigated using quantum mechanics (M06//B3LYP DFT) combined with solvation (using the PBF Poisson?Boltzmann polarizable continuum solvent model). For R = Et we find the alkyl group is activated through ?-hydrogen abstraction by external base OTf{sup ?} with a free energy barrier of only 12.0 kcal/mol, leading to formation of acetaldehyde. Alternatively, ethyl migration across the M?O bond (leading to the formation of acetaldehyde and ethanol) poses a free energy barrier of 22.1 kcal/mol, and the previously proposed ?-hydrogen transfer to oxo (a 2+2 forbidden reaction) poses a barrier of 44.9 kcal/mol. The rate-determining step to formation of the final product acetaldehyde is an oxygen atom transfer from DMSO to the ethylidene, with a free energy barrier of 15.3 kcal/mol. When R = iPr, the alkyl 1,2-migration pathway becomes the more favorable pathway (both kinetically and thermodynamically), with a free energy barrier (?G{sup ?} = 11.8 kcal/mol) lower than ?-hydrogen abstraction by OTf{sup ?} (?G{sup ?} = 13.5 kcal/mol). This suggests the feasibility of utilizing this type of migration to functionalize M?R to M?OR. We also considered the nucleophilic attack of water and ammonia on the Re-ethylidene ?-carbon as a means of recovering two-electron-oxidized products from an alkane oxidation. Nucleophilic attack (with internal deprotonation of the nucleophile) is exothermic. However, the subsequent protonolysis of the Re?alkyl bond (to liberate an alcohol or amine) poses a barrier of 37.0 or 42.4 kcal/mol, respectively. Where comparisons are possible, calculated free energies agree very well with experimental measurements.

Cheng, Mu-Jeng; Nielsen, Robert J; Ahlquist, Marten; Goddard, William A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Optimizing artificial lift operations through the use of wireless conveyed real time bottom hole data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of an innovative wireless bottom hole pressure/temperature telemetry acquisition system in artificial lift operations can dramatically improve efficiency and optimize fluid producing rates in those wells. The tool is installed into the producing well in the vicinity of the perforations, measuring and transmitting the producing bottom hole pressures and temperatures to the surface for instantaneous control of the surface pumping motor speed. This insures the lowest possible fluid level back pressures, thus allowing for the highest possible fluid entry into the wellbore from that reservoir`s capacity. Operating costs per barrel are lowered since the maximum oil production can now be realized from existing wells. The telemetry tool is deployed with standard slickline equipment and is installed inside a well in a manner similar to ordinary pressure recorder tools. Several unique advantages of the tool are: (1) no moving parts; (2) no wireline to the surface; (3) real time measurement of bottom hole data; and (4) slickline retrievable. Future versions of the acquisition system tool will improve operating efficiency in the following ways: (1) Temperature monitoring and control of perforation scaling, tubular waxing, and tubular hydrating plugs. (2) Provide data necessary to create diagnostically predictive IPR curves through monitoring of reservoir in-flow rates. (3) Enabling early warning of water encroachment or lensing through fluid resistivity monitoring.

Campbell, B.; MacKinnon, J.; Bandy, T.R.; Hampton, T.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tot actl ipr" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

New model adds precision to gas-lift design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conoco Inc.'s new analytical technique for lift-gas allocation identifies, in one-pass, injection rates and the achievable mandrel location for injection. Current gas-lift allocation techniques do not determine production rates for discrete mandrel locations. Allocation rates for particular wells are made on the basis of a fixed differential pressure. When actual mandrel locations are superimposed on these solutions, gas often must be reallocated. The advantages of the new technique include: determining the transfer capability of the gas-lift valve in each mandrel; finding valve pressure drop as a function of injection gas rate; obtaining a more realistic response curve. Another potential benefit is that the response curve can be adjusted to reflect the water cut and/or multizone completion effects at different injection depths. Because the node is at the mandrel, the inflow performance relationship (IPR) at that depth can easily be adjusted to include such effects. The paper describes gas-lift applications; response curves; injection depth; field-wide curves; the mandrel curve; and valve design.

Kendrick, R.A. (Hampton Resources Inc., Houston, TX (United States)); Woodyard, A.H.; Hall, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

442

Well performance under solutions gas drive  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fully implicit black-oil simulator was written to predict the drawdown and buildup responses for a single well under Solution Gas Drive. The model is capable of handling the following reservoir behaviors: Unfractured reservoir, Double-Porosity system, and Double Permeability-Double Porosity model of Bourdet. The accuracy of the model results is tested for both single-phase liquid flow and two-phase flow. The results presented here provide a basis for the empirical equations presented in the literature. New definitions of pseudopressure and dimensionless time are presented. By using these two definitions, the multiphase flow solutions correlate with the constant rate liquid flow solution for both transient and boundary-dominated flow. For pressure buildup tests, an analogue for the liquid solution is constructed from the drawdown pseudopressure, similar to the reservoir integral of J. Jones. The utility of using the producing gas-oil ration at shut in to compute pseudopressures and pseudotimes is documented. The influence of pressure level and skin factor on the Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) of wells producing solution gas drive systems is examined. A new definition of flow efficiency that is based on the structure of the deliverability equations is proposed. This definition avoids problems that result when the presently available methods are applied to heavily stimulated wells. The need for using pseudopressures to analyze well test data for fractured reservoirs is shown. Expressions to compute sandface saturations for fractured systems are presented.

Camacho-Velazquez, R.G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Regulatory treatment of allowances and compliance costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) established a national emission allowance trading system, a market-based form of environmental regulation designed to reduce and limit sulfur dioxide emissions. However, the allowance trading system is being applied primarily to an economically regulated electric utility industry. The combining of the new form of environmental regulation and economic regulation of electric utilities has raised a number of questions including what the role should be of the federal and state utility regulating commissions and how those actions will affect the decision making process of the utilities and the allowance market. There are several dimensions to the regulatory problems that commissions face. Allowances and utility compliance expenditures have implications for least-cost/IPR (integrated resource planning), prudence review procedures, holding company and multistate utility regulation and ratemaking treatment. The focus of this paper is on the ratemaking treatment. The following topics are covered: ratemaking treatment of allowances and compliance costs; Traditional cost-recovery mechanisms; limitations to the traditional approach; traditional approach and the allowance trading market; market-based cost recovery mechanisms; methods of determining the benchmark; determining the split between ratepayers and the utility; other regulatory approaches; limitations of incentive mechanisms.

Rose, K. [National Regulatory Research Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Grain alignment in bulk YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub x] superconductors by isothermal peritectic reaction process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An isothermal peritectic reaction (IPR) process has been developed to fabricate YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub x] (123) superconductors with aligned grain structure in a relatively short time without a temperature gradient. The process consists of the preparation of Y[sub 2]BaCuO[sub 5] (211) powder compact in wire form and infiltration of a Ba-Cu-O glass melt into the 211 compact below the peritectic temperature of [approximately]1010 C. During the infiltration at 965 C the 123 phase forms at the surface of the compact by the reaction between 211 grains and the glass, and the newly formed 123 grains grow directionally towards the center of the compact. The result of the infiltration is an aligned grain structure with a preferred orientation of [100] planes in the axial direction of wire-type compacts. These 123 superconductor specimens show the zero resistance (t[sub c]) at 92 K and transport critical current density (J[sub c]) of up to 1500 A/cm[sup 2]. By this process, super-conductor wires can be produced at shorter times and lower temperatures than the melt-texturing methods.

Lee, Y.A.; Kang, S.L. (Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Ceramic Science and Engineering); Jeonghun Suh; Duk Yong Yoon (Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Energetic Electron Transport In An Inhomogeneous Plasma Medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of the work carried out at IPR on energetic electron transport through an inhomogeneous plasma medium is presented in this article. A Generalized Electron Magnetohydrodynamic (G-EMHD) fluid model has been developed and employed for such studies. Novel observations such as (i) the trapping of electron current pulse structure in a high density plasma region, (ii) the formation of sharp magnetic field shock structures at the inhomogeneous plasma density layer (iii) and intense energy dissipation at the shock layer even in the collisionless limit are reported. The intense energy dissipation of the electron current pulse at the shock layer provides a mechanism whereby highly energetic electrons which are essentially collision-less can also successfully deposit their energy in a local region of the plasma. This is specially attractive as it opens up the possibility of heating a localized region of an overdense plasma (where lasers cannot penetrate) by highly energetic collision-less electrons. A direct application of this mechanism to Fast Ignition (FT) experiments is discussed.

Das, Amita [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat Gandhinagar-382428 (India)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

446

An investigation of angular and multiple scattering at 3.2-cm and 10.3-cm wave lengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(N+I))/83 85&84 (A5/T) B6e(W(N)+R(N+I)+W(N+I)+RtN))4SUM4 87=86/'83 88= W(N+I)&)W&N+I)/'83 89=W&N+1)&)R(N+I)//83+SUM4(N) C1 = (W(N)/'W(Ni) ) ) (A5/'7) C2=CI Gl+$1+G2~$2 C3~GI4$2+G2+$1 C4~85-GI4$1+G2+$2 C5=87 Gi&)$2 G2&)SI C6 = C44C4 + C5+C5 DI=C24...C4-C5+C3 02=C24C5+C3((C4 AS)=(88401+89+02&//C6 AS2~ t89&)01~8+02)/'C6 D3=SI CI+GI 04~$2-CI&)G2 D5=SI GI485+G2487 06~$2 GI+87 G2+85 07=05405+06()06 08=03&)05+04&)06 09~04405-06403 BSI=(88408M9409)/'07 8$2=&88409+89+08)/'07 IF ( IPR INT ~ EQ...

Webb, Randall Carroll

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

STUDYING THE PHYSICAL DIVERSITY OF LATE-M DWARFS WITH DYNAMICAL MASSES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a systematic study of the physical properties of late-M dwarfs based on high-quality dynamical mass measurements and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. We use astrometry from Keck natural and laser guide star adaptive optics imaging to determine orbits for the late-M binaries LP 349 - 25AB (M7.5+M8), LHS 1901AB (M6.5+M6.5), and Gl 569Bab (M8.5+M9). We find that LP 349 - 25AB (M{sub tot} = 0.120{sup +0.008}{sub -0.007} M{sub sun}) is a pair of young brown dwarfs for which Lyon and Tucson evolutionary models jointly predict an age of 140 {+-} 30 Myr, consistent with the age of the Pleiades. However, at least the primary component seems to defy the empirical Pleiades lithium depletion boundary, implying that the system is in fact older (if the parallax is correct) and that evolutionary models under-predict the component luminosities for this magnetically active binary. We find that LHS 1901AB is a pair of very low-mass stars (M{sub tot} = 0.194{sup +0.025}{sub -0.021} M{sub sun}) with evolutionary model-derived ages consistent with the old age (>6 Gyr) implied by its lack of activity. Our improved orbit for Gl 569Bab results in a higher mass for this binary (M{sub tot} = 0.140{sup +0.009}{sub -0.008} M{sub sun}) compared to previous work (0.125 {+-} 0.007 M{sub sun}). We use these mass measurements along with our published results for 2MASS J2206 - 2047AB (M8+M8) to test four sets of ultracool model atmospheres currently in use. Fitting these models to our NIR integrated-light spectra provides temperature estimates warmer by {approx}250 K than those derived independently from Dusty evolutionary models given the measured masses and luminosities. We propose that model atmospheres are more likely to be the source of this discrepancy, as it would be difficult to explain a uniform temperature offset over such a wide range of masses, ages, and activity levels in the context of evolutionary models. This contrasts with the conclusion of Konopacky et al. that model-predicted masses (given input T{sub eff} and L{sub bol}) are at fault for differences between theory and observations. In addition, we find an opposite (and smaller) mass discrepancy from what they report when we adopt their model-testing approach: masses are too high rather than too low because our T{sub eff} estimates derived from fitting NIR spectra are {approx}650 K higher than their values from fitting broadband photometry alone.

Dupuy, Trent J.; Liu, Michael C.; Bowler, Brendan P. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Cushing, Michael C. [NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 264-723, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Helling, Christiane [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St. Andrews KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Witte, Soeren; Hauschildt, Peter [Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

DWPF SIMULANT CPC STUDIES FOR SB7B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lab-scale DWPF simulations of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b) processing were performed. Testing was performed at the Savannah River National Laboratory - Aiken County Technology Laboratory (SRNL-ACTL). The primary goal of the simulations was to define a likely operating window for acid stoichiometry for the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT). In addition, the testing established conditions for the SRNL Shielded Cells qualification simulation of SB7b-Tank 40 blend, supported validation of the current glass redox model, and validated the coupled process flowsheet at the nominal acid stoichiometry. An acid window of 105-140% by the Koopman minimum acid (KMA) equation (107-142% DWPF Hsu equation) worked for the sludge-only flowsheet. Nitrite was present in the SRAT product for the 105% KMA run at 366 mg/kg, while SME cycle hydrogen reached 94% of the DWPF Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle limit in the 140% KMA run. The window was determined for sludge with added caustic (0.28M additional base, or roughly 12,000 gallons 50% NaOH to 820,000 gallons waste slurry). A suitable processing window appears to be 107-130% DWPF acid equation for sludge-only processing allowing some conservatism for the mapping of lab-scale simulant data to full-scale real waste processing including potentially non-conservative noble metal and mercury concentrations. This window should be usable with or without the addition of up to 7,000 gallons of caustic to the batch. The window could potentially be wider if caustic is not added to SB7b. It is recommended that DWPF begin processing SB7b at 115% stoichiometry using the current DWPF equation. The factor could be increased if necessary, but changes should be made with caution and in small increments. DWPF should not concentrate past 48 wt.% total solids in the SME cycle if moderate hydrogen generation is occurring simultaneously. The coupled flowsheet simulation made more hydrogen in the SRAT and SME cycles than the sludge-only run with the same acid stoichiometric factor. The slow acid addition in MCU seemed to alter the reactions that consumed the small excess acid present such that hydrogen generation was promoted relative to sludge-only processing. The coupled test reached higher wt.% total solids, and this likely contributed to the SME cycle hydrogen limit being exceeded at 110% KMA. It is clear from the trends in the SME processing GC data, however, that the frit slurry formic acid contributed to driving the hydrogen generation rate above the SME cycle limit. Hydrogen generation rates after the second frit addition generally exceeded those after the first frit addition. SRAT formate loss increased with increasing acid stoichiometry (15% to 35%). A substantial nitrate gain which was observed to have occurred after acid addition (and nitrite destruction) was reversed to a net nitrate loss in runs with higher acid stoichiometry (nitrate in SRAT product less than sum of sludge nitrate and added nitric acid). Increased ammonium ion formation was also indicated in the runs with nitrate loss. Oxalate loss on the order 20% was indicated in three of the four acid stoichiometry runs and in the coupled flowsheet run. The minimum acid stoichiometry run had no indicated loss. The losses were of the same order as the official analytical uncertainty of the oxalate concentration measurement, but were not randomly distributed about zero loss, so some actual loss was likely occurring. Based on the entire set of SB7b test data, it is recommended that DWPF avoid concentrating additional sludge solids in single SRAT batches to limit the concentrations of noble metals to SB7a processing levels (on a grams noble metal per SRAT batch basis). It is also recommended that DWPF drop the formic acid addition that accompanies the process frit 418 additions, since SME cycle data showed considerable catalytic activity for hydrogen generation from this additional acid (about 5% increase in stoichiometry occurred from the frit formic acid). Frit 418 also does not appear to need formic acid addition to prevent gel formation in

Koopman, D.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Image-Guided Radiotherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients: Geometrical Uncertainty of the Heart  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To quantify the geometrical uncertainties for the heart during radiotherapy treatment of left-sided breast cancer patients and to determine and validate planning organ at risk volume (PRV) margins. Methods and Materials: Twenty-two patients treated in supine position in 28 fractions with regularly acquired cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans for offline setup correction were included. Retrospectively, the CBCT scans were reconstructed into 10-phase respiration correlated four-dimensional scans. The heart was registered in each breathing phase to the planning CT scan to establish the respiratory heart motion during the CBCT scan ({sigma}{sub resp}). The average of the respiratory motion was calculated as the heart displacement error for a fraction. Subsequently, the systematic ({Sigma}), random ({sigma}), and total random ({sigma}{sub tot}={radical}({sigma}{sup 2}+{sigma}{sub resp}{sup 2})) errors of the heart position were calculated. Based on the errors a PRV margin for the heart was calculated to ensure that the maximum heart dose (D{sub max}) is not underestimated in at least 90% of the cases (M{sub heart} = 1.3{Sigma}-0.5{sigma}{sub tot}). All analysis were performed in left-right (LR), craniocaudal (CC), and anteroposterior (AP) directions with respect to both online and offline bony anatomy setup corrections. The PRV margin was validated by accumulating the dose to the heart based on the heart registrations and comparing the planned PRV D{sub max} to the accumulated heart D{sub max}. Results: For online setup correction, the cardiac geometrical uncertainties and PRV margins were N-Ary-Summation = 2.2/3.2/2.1 mm, {sigma} = 2.1/2.9/1.4 mm, and M{sub heart} = 1.6/2.3/1.3 mm for LR/CC/AP, respectively. For offline setup correction these were N-Ary-Summation = 2.4/3.7/2.2 mm, {sigma} = 2.9/4.1/2.7 mm, and M{sub heart} = 1.6/2.1/1.4 mm. Cardiac motion induced by breathing was {sigma}{sub resp} = 1.4/2.9/1.4 mm for LR/CC/AP. The PRV D{sub max} underestimated the accumulated heart D{sub max} for 9.1% patients using online and 13.6% patients using offline bony anatomy setup correction, which validated that PRV margin size was adequate. Conclusion: Considerable cardiac position variability relative to the bony anatomy was observed in breast cancer patients. A PRV margin can be used during treatment planning to take these uncertainties into account.

Topolnjak, Rajko; Borst, Gerben R.; Nijkamp, Jasper [Radiotherapy Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sonke, Jan-Jakob, E-mail: j.sonke@nki.nl [Radiotherapy Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Reductive Biotransformation of Fe in Shale-Limestone Saprolite Containing Fe(III) Oxides and Fe(II)/Fe(III) Phyllosilicates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A <2.0-mm fraction of a mineralogically complex subsurface sediment containing goethite and Fe(II)/Fe(III) phyllosilicates was incubated with Shewanella putrefaciens (strain CN32) and lactate at circumneutral pH under anoxic conditions to investigate electron acceptor preference and the nature of the resulting biogenic Fe(II) fraction. Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), an electron shuttle, was included in select treatments to enhance bioreduction and subsequent biomineralization. The sediment was highly aggregated and contained two distinct clast populations: i) a highly weathered one with ďsponge-likeĒ internal porosity, large mineral crystallites, and Fe-containing micas, and ii) a dense, compact one with fine-textured Fe-containing illite and nano-sized goethite, as revealed by various forms of electron microscopic analyses. Approximately 10 to 15% of the Fe(III)TOT was bioreduced by CN32 over 60 d in media without AQDS, whereas 24% and 35% of the Fe(III)TOT was bioreduced by CN32 after 40 and 95 d in media with AQDS. Little or no Fe2+, Mn, Si, Al, and Mg were evident in aqueous filtrates after reductive incubation. MŲssbauer measurements on the bioreduced sediments indicated that both goethite and phyllosilicate Fe(III) were partly reduced without bacterial preference. Goethite was more extensively reduced in the presence of AQDS whereas phyllosilicate Fe(III) reduction was not influenced by AQDS. Biogenic Fe(II) resulting from phyllosilicate Fe(III) reduction remained in a layer-silicate environment that displayed enhanced solubility in weak acid. The mineralogic nature of the goethite biotransformation product was not determined. Chemical and cryogenic MŲssbauer measurements, however, indicated that the transformation product was not siderite, green rust, magnetite, Fe(OH)2, or Fe(II) adsorbed on phyllosilicate or bacterial surfaces. Several lines of evidence suggested that biogenic Fe(II) existed as surface associated phase on the residual goethite, and/or as a Fe(II)-Al coprecipitate. Sediment aggregation and mineral physical and/or chemical factors were demonstrated to play a major role on the nature and location of the biotransformation reaction and its products.

Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Zachara, John M.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; McKinley, James P.; Kennedy, David W.; Smith, Steven C.; Dong, Hailiang

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

THE DUST PROPERTIES OF z {approx} 3 MIPS-LBGs FROM PHOTOCHEMICAL MODELS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stacked spectral energy distribution (SED) 24 {mu}m Lyman break galaxies (MIPS-LBGs) detected by the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS) is fitted by means of the spectrophotometric model GRASIL with an ''educated'' fitting approach which benefits from the results of chemical evolution models. The star formation rate-age-metallicity degeneracies of SED modeling are broken by using star formation history (SFH) and chemical enrichment history suggested by chemical models. The dust mass, dust abundance, and chemical pattern of elements locked in the dust component are also directly provided by chemical models. Using our new ''fitting'' approach, we derive the total mass M{sub tot}, stellar mass M{sub *}, gas mass M{sub g} , dust mass M{sub d} , age, and star formation rate (SFR) of the stacked MIPS-LBG in a self-consistent way. Our estimate of M{sub *} = 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} of the stacked MIPS-LBG agrees with other works based on UV-optical SED fitting. We suggest that the MIPS-LBGs at z {approx} 3 are young (0.3-0.6 Gyr), massive (M{sub tot} {approx} 10{sup 11} M{sub Sun }), dusty (M{sub d} {approx} 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun }), and metal-rich (Z {approx} Z{sub Sun }) progenitors of elliptical galaxies undergoing a strong burst of star formation (SFR {approx} 200 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}). Our estimate of M{sub d} = 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun} of the stacked MIPS-LBG is about a factor of eight lower than the estimated value based on single temperature graybody fitting, suggesting that self-consistent SED models are needed to estimate dust mass. By comparing with Milky Way molecular cloud and dust properties, we suggest that denser and dustier environments and flatter dust size distribution are likely in high-redshift massive star-forming galaxies. These dust properties, as well as the different types of SFHs, can cause different SED shapes between high-redshift star-forming ellipticals and local starburst templates. This discrepancy of SED shapes could in turn explain the non-detection at submillimeter wavelengths of IR luminous (L{sub IR} Succeeds-Above-Single-Line-Equals-Sign 10{sup 12} L{sub Sun }) MIPS-LBGs.

Fan, X. L. [School of Physics and Electronics Information, Hubei University of Education, 430205 Wuhan (China); Pipino, A. [Institut fur Astronomie, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Matteucci, F., E-mail: fan@oats.inaf.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sezione di Astronomia, Universit a di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste (Italy)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

452

Plasma behaviour at high beta and high density in the Madison Symmetric Torus RFP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pellet fuelling of improved confinement Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) plasmas has resulted in high density and high plasma beta. The density in improved confinement discharges has been increased fourfold, and a record plasma beta (beta(tot) = 26%) for the improved confinement reversed-field pinch (RFP) has been achieved. At higher beta, a new regime for instabilities is accessed in which local interchange and global tearing instabilities are calculated to be linearly unstable, but experimentally, no severe effect, e. g., a disruption, is observed. The tearing instability, normally driven by the current gradient, is driven by the pressure gradient in this case, and there are indications of increased energy transport ( as compared with low-density improved confinement). Pellet fuelling is also compared with enhanced edge fuelling of standard confinement RFP discharges for the purpose of searching for a density limit in MST. In standard-confinement discharges, pellet fuelling peaks the density profile where edge fuelling cannot, but transport appears unchanged. For a limited range of plasma current, MST discharges with edge fuelling are constrained to a maximum density corresponding to the Greenwald limit. This limit is surpassed in pellet-fuelled improved confinement discharges.

Wyman, M. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Chapman, B. E. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Ahn, J. W. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Almagri, A. F. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Anderson, J. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Bonomo, F. [Consorzio RFX, Italy; Bower, D L [University of California, Los Angeles; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Craig, D. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Foust, Charles R [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Results from hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present status of hadron collider physics is reviewed. The total cross section for {bar p} + p has been measured at 1.8 TeV: {sigma}{sub tot} = 72.1 {plus minus} 3.3 mb. New data confirm the UA2 observation of W/Z {yields} {bar q}q. Precision measurements of M{sub W} by UA2 and CDF give an average value M{sub W} = 80.13 {plus minus} 0.30 GeV/c{sup 2}. When combined with measurements of M{sub Z} from LEP and SLC this number gives sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub W} = 0.227 {plus minus} 0.006, or m{sub top} = 130{sub {minus}60}{sup +40} GeV/c{sup 2} from the EWK radiative correction term {Delta}r. Evidence for hadron colliders as practical sources of b quarks has been strengthened, while searches for t quarks have pushed the mass above M{sub W}: m{sub top} > 89 GeV/c{sup 2} 95% cl (CDF Preliminary). Searches beyond the standard model based on the missing E{sub T} signature have not yet produced any positive results. Future prospects for the discovery of the top quark in the range m{sub top} < 200 GeV/c{sup 2} look promising. 80 refs., 35 figs., 7 tabs.

Pondrom, L.G. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (USA))

1990-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

Neutron spectrometry - An essential tool for diagnosing implosions at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DT neutron yield (Y{sub n}), ion temperature (T{sub i}) and down-scatter ratio (dsr) determined from measured neutron spectra are essential metrics for diagnosing the performance of Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). A suite of neutron-Time-Of-Flight (nTOF) spectrometers and a Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer (MRS) have been implemented in different locations around the NIF target chamber, providing good implosion coverage and the redundancy required for reliable measurements of Yn, Ti and dsr. From the measured dsr value, an areal density ({rho}R) is determined from the relationship {rho}R{sub tot} (g/cm{sup 2}) = (20.4 {+-} 0.6) x dsr{sub 10-12 MeV}. The proportionality constant is determined considering implosion geometry, neutron attenuation and energy range used for the dsr measurement. To ensure high accuracy in the measurements, a series of commissioning experiments using exploding pushers have been used for in situ calibration. The spectrometers are now performing to the required accuracy, as indicated by the good agreement between the different measurements over several commissioning shots. In addition, recent data obtained with the MRS and nTOFs indicate that the implosion performance of cryogenically layered DT implosions, characterized by the experimental Ignition Threshold Factor (ITFx) which is a function of dsr (or fuel {rho}R) and Y{sub n}, has improved almost two orders of magnitude since the first shot in September, 2010.

Mackinnon, A J; Johnson, M G; Frenje, J A; Casey, D T; Li, C K; Seguin, F H; Petrasso, R; Ashabranner, R; Cerjan, C; Clancy, T J; Bionta, R; Bleuel, D; Bond, E J; Caggiano, J A; Capenter, A; Eckart, M J; Edwards, M J; Friedrich, S; Glenzer, S H; Haan, S W; Hartouni, E P; Hatarik, R; Hachett, S P; McKernan, M; Jones, O; Lepape, S; Lerche, R A; Landen, O L; Moran, M; Moses, E; Munro, D; McNaney, J; Rygg, J R; Sepke, S; Spears, B; Springer, P; Yeamans, C; Farrell, M; Kilkenny, J D; Nikroo, A; Paguio, R; Knauer, J; Glebov, V; Sangster, T; Betti, R; Stoeckl, C; Magoon, J; Shoup, M J; Grim, G P; Moran, G L; Murphy, T J; Leeper, R J; Ruiz, C

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

455

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 16, 27 June 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tg] cfF6 ub}{5' jif{ ;jf]{]Ts[i6 uLt, k|sfz u'?™n] laGtL 5 x} uLtaf6 ;jf]{]Ts[i6 ;+uLt, lbJo ;'Aafn] kZrtfk af6 gjufossf] cjf8{ kfP . To:t} ld™\\df z]kf{n] 5d5d 5d5d ltdLn] af6 ;jf]{]Ts[i6 kk ufos, l;gL u'?™ ltd|f] dfofdf uLtaf6 ;jf]{]Ts[i6 kk... 'lhs lel8of] lgb]{zssf] cjf8{ kfP . To;}u/L Do'lhs lel8of] 5fFofsf/ wL/ hh+u zfx laGtL 5 x} , ;Dkfbs k|sfz t'nfw/ an]sf] cfuf], :k]zn Okm]S6 l;df]; ;'g'jf/ /ft af6 pTs[i6 3f]lift eP . ;fwf/ 0f, ljz]if, Do'lhs lel8of] / /fli6ęo efiff ;d"x u/L rf/ ;d...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

456

The kinematics of the Local Group in a cosmological context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent observations constrained the tangential velocity of M31 with respect to the Milky Way (MW) to be v_tan<34.4 km/s and the radial velocity to be in the range v_rad=-109+/- 4.4 km/s (van der Marel et al. 2012). In this study we use a large volume high resolution N-body cosmological simulation (Bolshoi) together with three constrained simulations to statistically study this kinematics in the context of the LCDM. The comparison of the ensembles of simulated pairs with the observed LG at the 1-sigma level in the uncertainties has been done with respect to the radial and tangential velocities, the reduced orbital energy (e_tot), angular momentum (l_orb) and the dimensionless spin parameter, lambda. Our main results are: (i) the preferred radial and tangential velocities for pairs in LCDM are v_rad=-80+/-20 km/s, v_tan=50+/-10 km/s, (ii) pairs around that region are 3 to 13 times more common than pairs within the observational values, (iii) 15%to 24% of LG-like pairs in LCDM have energy and angular momentum...

Forero-Romero, Jaime E; Bustamante, Sebastian; Gottloeber, Stefan; Yepes, Gustavo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Constraining amplitude and slope of the mass fluctuation spectrum using cluster baryon mass function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the baryon mass function for a complete sample of low-redshift clusters and argue that it is an excellent proxy for the total mass function if the ratio f_b=M_b/M_tot in all clusters is close to its universal value, Omega_b/Omega_M. Under this assumption, the baryon mass function can be used to constrain the amplitude and slope of the density fluctuations power spectrum on cluster scales. This method does not use observational determinations of the total mass and thus bypasses major uncertainties in the traditional analyses based on the X-ray temperature function. However, it is sensitive to possible systematic variations of the baryon fraction as a function of cluster mass. Adapting a weak dependence f_b(M) suggested by observations and numerical simulations by Bialek et al., we derive sigma_8=0.72+-0.04 and the shape parameter Omega_M*h=0.13+-0.07, in good agreement with a number of independent methods. We discuss the sensitivity of these values to other cosmological parameters and to different assumptions about variations in f_b.

A. Voevodkin; A. Vikhlinin

2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

458

Effects of swift heavy ions irradiation parameters on optical properties of muscovite mica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Muscovite mica sheets with a thickness of 25 {\\mu}m were irradiated by various kinds of swift heavy ions (Sn, Xe and Bi) in HIRFL. The fluences ranged from 1$\\times$10^{10} ions/cm^2 to 8$\\times$10^{11} ions/cm^2. The electronic energy loss (dE/dx)_e was increased from 14.7 keV/nm to 31.2 keV/nm. The band gap and Urbach energy of pristine and irradiated mica were analyzed by ultraviolet- visible spectroscopy. Periodic fringes in long wave length of the absorption spectra caused by interference phenomenon, were disturbed as the (dE/dx)_e increased. It was suggested that the chemical bonds between Tetrahedral-Octohedral-Tetrahedral (TOT) layers of mica were destroyed. Thus the smooth surface was cleaved after irradiation. The band gap was narrowed down with the increasing (dE/dx)_e and fluences. The values of Urbach energy were increased as the (dE/dx)_e and fluences gradually increased. It was indicated that the amount of defects and the proportion of amorphous structure were increased in mica irradiated under...

Zhang, Sheng-Xia; Zeng, Jian; Song, Yin; Mo, Dan; Yao, Hui-Jun; Duan, Jing-Lai; Sun, You-Mei; Hou, Ming-Dong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Rise of Kp Total Cross Section and Universality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of the measured hadronic total cross sections at the highest energies is empirically described by squared log of center-of-mass energy sqrt s as sigma(tot)= B (log s)2, consistent with the energy dependence of the Froissart unitarity bound. The coefficient B is argued to have a universal value, but this is not proved directly from QCD. In the previous tests of this universality, the p(pbar)p, pi p, and K p forward scatterings were analyzed independently and found to be consistent with B(pp) = B(pip) = B(Kp), although the determined value of B(Kp) had large uncertainty. In the present work, we have further analyzed forward Kp scattering to obtain a more exact value of B(Kp). Making use of continuous moment sum rules(CMSR) we have fully exploited the information of low-energy scattering data to predict the high-energy behavior of the amplitude hrough duality. The estimation of B(Kp) is improved remarkably, and our result strongly supports the universality of B.

Muneyuki Ishida; Vernon Barger

2011-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

460

Exploring GLIMPSE Bubble N107: Multiwavelength Observations and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. Bubble N107 was discovered in the infrared emission of dust in the Galactic Plane observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope (GLIMPSE survey: l ~ 51.0 deg, b ~ 0.1 deg). The bubble represents an example of shell-like structures found all over the Milky Way Galaxy. Aims. We aim to analyse the atomic and molecular components of N107, as well as its radio continuum emission. With the help of numerical simulations, we aim to estimate the bubble age and other parameters which cannot be derived directly from observations. Methods. From the observations of the HI (I-GALFA) and 13CO (GRS) lines we derive the bubble's kinematical distance and masses of the atomic and molecular components. With the algorithm DENDROFIND, we decompose molecular material into individual clumps. From the continuum observations at 1420 MHz (VGPS) and 327 MHz (WSRT), we derive the radio flux density and the spectral index. With the numerical code ring, we simulate the evolution of stellar-blown bubbles similar to N107. Results. The tot...

Sidorin, Vojtech; Palous, Jan; Wunsch, Richard; Ehlerova, Sona

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Enrichment of the Intracluster Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relevance of galaxies of different luminosity and mass for the chemical enrichment of the intracluster medium (ICM) is analysed. For this purpose, I adopt the composite luminosity function of cluster galaxies from Trentham (1998), which exhibits a significant rise at the very faint end. The model - adopting a universal Salpeter IMF - is calibrated on reproducing the M_Fe/L_tot, M_Fe/M_*, and alpha/Fe ratios observed in clusters. Although the contribution to total luminosity and ICM metals peaks around L* galaxies (M* approx -20), faint objects with M_B>-18 still provide at least 30 per cent of the metals present in the ICM. In consistency with the solar alpha/Fe ratios determined by {ASCA}, the model predicts that 60 per cent of the ICM iron comes from Type Ia supernovae. The predicted slope of the relation between intracluster gas mass and cluster luminosity emerges shallower than the observed one, indicating that the fraction of primordial gas increases with cluster richness.

D. Thomas

1998-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

462

Dynamical Feedback of Self-generated Magnetic Fields in Cosmic Rays Modified Shocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a semi-analytical kinetic calculation of the process of non-linear diffusive shock acceleration (NLDSA) which includes magnetic field amplification due to cosmic ray induced streaming instability, the dynamical reaction of the amplified magnetic field and the possible effects of turbulent heating. This kinetic calculation allows us to show that the net effect of the amplified magnetic field is to enhance the maximum momentum of accelerated particles while reducing the concavity of the spectra, with respect to the standard predictions of NLDSA. This is mainly due to the dynamical reaction of the amplified field on the shock, which smoothens the shock precursor. The total compression factors which are obtained for parameters typical of supernova remnants are R{sub tot} {approx} 7-10, in good agreement with the values inferred from observations. The strength of the magnetic field produced through excitation of streaming instability is found in good agreement with the values inferred for several remnants if the thickness of the X-ray rims are interpreted as due to severe synchrotron losses of high energy electrons. We also discuss the relative role of turbulent heating and magnetic dynamical reaction in smoothening the shock precursor.

Caprioli, D.; /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore; Blasi, P.; /Arcetri Observ. /Fermilab; Amato, E.; /Arcetri Observ.; Vietri, M.; /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Nature of the Emission Components in the Quasar / NLS1 PG 1211+143  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the study of the emission properties of the quasar PG1211+143, which belongs to the class of Narrow Line Seyfert 1 galaxies. On the basis of observational data analyzed by us and collected from the literature, we study the temporal and spectral variability of the source in the optical/UV/X-ray bands and we propose a model that explains the spectrum emitted in this broad energy range. In this model, the intrinsic emission originating in the warm skin of the accretion disk is responsible for the spectral component that is dominant in the softest X-ray range. The shape of reflected spectrum as well as Fe K line detected in hard X-rays require the reflecting medium to be mildly ionized ({zeta} {approx} 500). We identify this reflector with the warm skin of the disk and we show that the heating of the skin is consistent with the classical {alpha}P{sub tot} prescription, while {alpha}P{sub gas} option is at least two orders of magnitude too low to provide the required heating. We find that the mass of the central black hole is relatively small (M{sub BH} {approx} 10{sup 7} - 10{sup 8} M{sub {circle_dot}}), which is consistent with the Broad Line Region mapping results and characteristic for NLS1 class.

Janiuk, Agnieszka; Czerny, Bozena; /Warsaw, Copernicus Astron. Ctr.; Madejski, Greg M.; /SLAC

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Electronic Structure Description of the Cis-MoOS Unit in Models for Molybdenum Hydroxylases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The molybdenum hydroxylases catalyze the oxidation of numerous aromatic heterocycles and simple organics and, unlike other hydroxylases, utilize water as the source of oxygen incorporated into the product. The electronic structures of the cis-MoOS units in CoCp{sub 2}[Tp{sup iPr}Mo{sup V}OS(OPh)] and Tp{sup iPr}Mo{sup VI}OS(OPh) (Tp{sup iPr} = hydrotris(3-isopropylpyrazol-1-yl)borate), new models for molybdenum hydroxylases, have been studied in detail using S K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, vibrational spectroscopy, and detailed bonding calculations. The results show a highly delocalized Mo {double_bond} S {pi}* LUMO redox orbital that is formally Mo(d{sub xy}) with {approx}35% sulfido ligand character. Vibrational spectroscopy has been used to quantitate Mo-S{sub sulfido} bond order changes in the cis-MoOS units as a function of redox state. Results support a redox active molecular orbital that has a profound influence on MoOS bonding through changes to the relative electro/nucleophilicity of the terminal sulfido ligand accompanying oxidation state changes. The bonding description for these model cis-MoOS systems supports enzyme mechanisms that are under orbital control and dominantly influenced by the unique electronic structure of the cis-MoOS site. The electronic structure of the oxidized enzyme site is postulated to play a role in polarizing a substrate carbon center for nucleophilic attack by metal activated water and acting as an electron sink in the two-electron oxidation of substrates.

Doonan, C.J.; Rubie, N.D.; Peariso, K.; Harris, H.H.; Knottenbelt, S.Z.; George, G.N.; Young, C.G.; Kirk, M.L.; /New Mexico U. /Melbourne U. /SLAC, SSRL

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

465

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex with a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51-1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species ({nu}{sub FeN} = 1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater {pi} basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde,J.; Betley, T.; Jackson, T.; Saouma, C.; Peters, J.; Que, Jr., L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

HARNESSING THE CHEMISTRY OF CO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our research program is broadly focused on activating CO{sub 2} through the use of organic and organometallic based catalysts. Some of our methods have centered on annulation reactions of unsaturated hydrocarbons (and carbonyl substrates) to provide a diverse array of carbocycles and heterocycles. We use a combination of catalyst discovery and optimization in conjunction with classical physical organic chemistry to elucidate the key mechanistic features of the cycloaddition reactions such that the next big advances in catalyst development can be made. Key to all of our cycloaddition reactions is the use of a sterically hindered, electron donating N heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand, namely IPr (or SIPr), in conjunction with a low valent nickel pre-catalyst. The efficacy of this ligand is two-fold: (1) the high {delta}-donating ability of the NHC increases the nucleophilicity of the metal center which thereby facilitates interaction with the electrophilic carbonyl and (2) the steric hindrance prevents an otherwise competitive side reaction involving only the alkyne substrate. Such a system has allowed for the facile cycloaddition to prepare highly functionalized pyrones, pyridones, pyrans, as well as novel carbocycles. Importantly, all reactions proceed under extremely mild conditions (room temperature, atmospheric pressures, and short reaction times), require only catalytic amounts of Ni/NHC and readily available starting materials, and afford annulated products in excellent yields. Our current focus revolves around understanding the fundamental processes that govern these cycloadditions such that the next big advance in the cyclization chemistry of CO{sub 2} can be made. Concurrent to our annulation chemistry is our investigation of the potential for imidazolylidenes to function as thermally-actuated CO{sub 2} sequestering and delivery agents.

Louie, Janis

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

467

Experimental and theoretical studies of nonclassical d{sup 0} cyclopentadienyl polyhydride complexes of molybdenum and tungsten  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-temperature protonation of compounds Cp{sup *}MH{sub 5}(PMe{sub 3}) (M = Mo, 1; W, 2) by HBF{sub 4}{center_dot}Et{sub 2}O in CD{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} or CDFCl{sub 2} affords the thermally unstable hexahydride derivatives [Cp{sup *}MH{sub 6}(PMe{sub 3})]{sup +} (M = Mo, 3; W, 4). The corresponding protonation of 1- and 2-d{sup 5} affords 3- and 4-d{sup 5}, respectively. The {Delta}{delta} on going from H{sub 6} to HD{sub 5} is small for both compounds, but positive for 3 and negative for 4, and no isotopic perturbation of resonance (IPR) is observed. The T{sub 1min} at 400 MHz for [Cp{sup *}MH{sub 6}(PMe{sub 3})]{sup +} apparently doubles on going from Mo to W (52 ms for 3 and approximately 100 ms for 4). Optimized geometries at the restricted Hartree-Fock (RHF) and second-order Moeller-Plesset (MP2) levels and energy calculations at higher levels of theory show that these complexes are dihydrogen complexes [Cp{sup *}M(H{sub 2})(H){sub 4}(PR{sub 3})]{sup +}. The theoretical determination of a dihydrogen complex is consistent with the fact that the experimental T{sub 1min} values lie within the expected range for dihydrogen complexes. Examination of the potential energy surface at the MP2 level gives two mechanisms for hydride dihydrogen ligand about its axis. The barrier for the hydride exchange ({approximately}4 kcal/mol) is consistent with the inability to decoalesce the proton NMR signal.

Bayse, C.A.; Hall, M.B. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemistry] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Pleune, B. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Poli, R. [Univ. de Bourgogne, Dijon (France)] [Univ. de Bourgogne, Dijon (France)

1998-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex With a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51--1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species (v{sub FeN}=1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}{triple_bond}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater ? basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde, J.-U.; Betley, T.A.; Jackson, T.A.; Saouma, C.T.; Peters, J.C.; Que, L.; Jr.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

469

Polymerization of trialkoxysilanes. Effect of the organic substituent on the formation of gels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrolysis and condensation of trialkoxysilanes, R-Si(OR{prime}){sub 3}, generally leads to the formation of silsesquioxane oligomers and polymers. These polymers are composed of a monomer repeat unit, [R-SiO{sub 1.5}]{sub n}, with a single silicon atom attached to other repeat units in the polymer through one to three siloxane bonds. The remaining substituent is an organic group attached to the silicon through a silicon-carbon single bond. Silsesquioxanes have been the subject of intensive study in the past and are becoming important again as a vehicle for introducing organic functionalities into hybrid organic-inorganic materials through sol-gel processing. Despite all of this interest, there has not been a systematic study of the ability of trialkoxysilanes to form gels through the sol-gel process. In fact, it has been noted that silsesquioxanes are generally isolated as soluble resins rather than the highly crosslinked network polymers (gels) one would expect from a tri-functional monomer. In this study, the authors have examined the sol-gel chemistry of a variety of trialkoxysilanes with different organic substituents (R = H, Me, Et, n-Pr, i-Pr, n-Bu, i-Bu, t-Bu, n-octadecyl, n-dodecyl, cyclohexyl, vinyl, phenyl, benzyl, phenethyl), with methoxide or ethoxide substituents on silicon, at varying monomer concentrations ranging up to neat monomer, and with different catalysts (HCl, NaOH, formic acid, fluoride). Gels were prepared from tetramethoxysilane and tetraethoxysilane at identical concentrations for purposes of comparison.

Loy, D.A.; Baugher, B.M.; Schneider, D.A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

RF-Plasma Source Commissioning in Indian Negative Ion Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Indian program of the RF based negative ion source has started off with the commissioning of ROBIN, the inductively coupled RF based negative ion source facility under establishment at Institute for Plasma research (IPR), India. The facility is being developed under a technology transfer agreement with IPP Garching. It consists of a single RF driver based beam source (BATMAN replica) coupled to a 100 kW, 1 MHz RF generator with a self excited oscillator, through a matching network, for plasma production and ion extraction and acceleration. The delivery of the RF generator and the RF plasma source without the accelerator, has enabled initiation of plasma production experiments. The recent experimental campaign has established the matching circuit parameters that result in plasma production with density in the range of 0.5-1x10{sup 18}/m{sup 3}, at operational gas pressures ranging between 0.4-1 Pa. Various configurations of the matching network have been experimented upon to obtain a stable operation of the set up for RF powers ranging between 25-85 kW and pulse lengths ranging between 4-20 s. It has been observed that the range of the parameters of the matching circuit, over which the frequency of the power supply is stable, is narrow and further experiments with increased number of turns in the coil are in the pipeline to see if the range can be widened. In this paper, the description of the experimental system and the commissioning data related to the optimisation of the various parameters of the matching network, to obtain stable plasma of required density, are presented and discussed.

Singh, M. J.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Yadava, Ratnakar; Chakraborty, A. K. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujrat (India); Bansal, G.; Gahlaut, A.; Soni, J.; Kumar, Sunil; Pandya, K.; Parmar, K. G.; Sonara, J. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat Gandhinagar, Gujrat (India); Kraus, W.; Heinemann, B.; Riedl, R.; Obermayer, S.; Martens, C.; Franzen, P.; Fantz, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Historical Evaluation of the U15 Complex, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a historical evaluation of the U15 Complex on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in southern Nevada. The work was conducted by the Desert Research Institute at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office and the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Three underground nuclear tests and two underground nuclear fuel storage experiments were conducted at the complex. The nuclear tests were Hard Hat in 1962, Tiny Tot in 1965, and Pile Driver in 1966. The Hard Hat and Pile Driver nuclear tests involved different types of experiment sections in test drifts at various distances from the explosion in order to determine which sections could best survive in order to design underground command centers. The Tiny Tot nuclear test involved an underground cavity in which the nuclear test was executed. It also provided data in designing underground structures and facilities to withstand a nuclear attack. The underground nuclear fuel storage experiments were Heater Test 1 from 1977 to 1978 and Spent Fuel Test - Climax from 1978 to 1985. Heater Test 1 was used to design the later Spent Fuel Test - Climax experiment. The latter experiment was a model of a larger underground storage facility and primarily involved recording the conditions of the spent fuel and the surrounding granite medium. Fieldwork was performed intermittently in the summers of 2011 and 2013, totaling 17 days. Access to the underground tunnel complex is sealed and unavailable. Restricted to the surface, four buildings, four structures, and 92 features associated with nuclear testing and fuel storage experiment activities at the U15 Complex have been recorded. Most of these are along the west side of the complex and next to the primary access road and are characteristic of an industrial mining site, albeit one with scientific interests. The geomorphological fieldwork was conducted over three days in the summer of 2011. It was discovered that major modifications to the terrain have resulted from four principal activities. These are road construction and maintenance, mining activities related to development of the tunnel complex, site preparation for activities related to the tests and experiments, and construction of drill pads and retention ponds. Six large trenches for exploring across the Boundary geologic fault are also present. The U15 Complex, designated historic district 143 and site 26NY15177, is eligible to the National Register of Historic Places under Criteria A, C, and D of 36 CFR Part 60.4. As a historic district and archaeological site eligible to the National Register of Historic Places, the Desert Research Institute recommends that the area defined for the U15 Complex, historic district 143 and site 26NY15117, be left in place in its current condition. The U15 Complex should also be included in the NNSS cultural resources monitoring program and monitored for disturbances or alterations.

Drollinger, Harold [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Bullard, Thomas F [DRI; Goldenberg, Nancy G [Carey & Co; Ashbaugh, Laurence J [DRI; Griffin, Wayne R [DRI

2014-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

472

Metal burning in graphite-moderated reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pinto beans, sweet corn, and zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo var. black beauty) were grown in a randomized complete-block field/pot experiment at a site that contained the highest observed levels of surface gross gamma radioactivity within Los Alamos Canyon (LAC) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Soils as well as washed edible and nonedible crop tissues were analyzed for various radionuclides and heavy metals. Most radionuclides, with the exception of {sup 3}H and {sup tot}U, in soil from LAC were detected in significantly higher concentrations (p <0.01) than in soil collected from regional background (RBG) locations. Similarly, most radionuclides in edible crop portions of beans, squash, and corn were detected in significantly higher (p <0.01 and 0.05) concentrations than RBG. Most soil-to-plant concentration ratios for radionuclides in edible and nonedible crop tissues from LAC were within the default values given by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Environmental Protection Agency. All heavy metals in soils, as well as edible and nonedible crop tissues grown in soils from LAC, were within RBG concentrations. Overall, the total maximum net positive committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE)--the CEDE plus two sigma for each radioisotope minus background and then all positive doses summed--to a hypothetical 50-year resident that ingested 160 kg of beans, corn, and squash in equal proportions, was 74 mrem y{sup -1}. This dose was below the International Commission on Radiological Protection permissible dose limit (PDL) of 100 mrem y{sup -1} from all pathways; however, the addition of other internal and external exposure route factors may increase the overall dose over the PDL. Also, the risk of an excess cancer fatality, based on 74 mrem y{sup -1}, was 3.7 x 10{sup -5} (37 in a million), which is above the Environmental Protection Agency`s (acceptable) guideline of one in a million. 25 refs.

Wichner, R.P. [Y-12 Plant, Oak Rige, TN (United States); Ball, S.J.; Daw, C.S.; Thomas, J.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO): In Vitro Formation of Highly Stable Lanthanide Complexes Translates into Efficacious In Vivo Europium Decorporation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spermine-based hydroxypyridonate octadentate chelator 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) was investigated for its ability to act as an antennae that sensitizes the emission of Sm{sup III}, Eu{sup III}, and Tb{sup III} in the Visible range (?{sub tot} = 0.2 - 7%) and the emission of Pr{sup III}, Nd{sup III}, Sm{sup III}, and Yb{sup III} in the Near Infra-Red range, with decay times varying from 1.78 ?s to 805 ?s at room temperature. The particular luminescence spectroscopic properties of these lanthanide complexes formed with 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) were used to characterize their respective solution thermodynamic stabilities as well as those of the corresponding La{sup III}, Gd{sup III}, Dy{sup III}, Ho{sup III}, Er{sup III}, Tm{sup III}, and Lu{sup III} complexes. The remarkably high affinity of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) for lanthanide metal ions and the resulting high complex stabilities (pM values ranging from 17.2 for La{sup III} to 23.1 for Yb{sup III}) constitute a necessary but not sufficient criteria to consider this octadentate ligand an optimal candidate for in vivo metal decorporation. The in vivo lanthanide complex stability and decorporation capacity of the ligand were assessed, using the radioactive isotope {sup 152}Eu as a tracer in a rodent model, which provided a direct comparison with the in vitro thermodynamic results and demonstrated the great potential of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) as a therapeutic metal chelating agent.

Sturzbecher-Hoehne, Manuel; Ng Pak Leung, Clara; Daleo, Anthony; Kullgren, Birgitta; Prigent, Anne-Laure; Shuh, David K.; Raymond, Kenneth N.; Abergel, Rebecca J.

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

474

Pinon Pine Tree Study, Los Alamos National Laboratory: Source document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the dominant tree species growing within and around Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM, lands is the pinon pine (Pinus edulis) tree. Pinon pine is used for firewood, fence posts, and building materials and is a source of nuts for food--the seeds are consumed by a wide variety of animals and are also gathered by people in the area and eaten raw or roasted. This study investigated the (1) concentration of {sup 3}H, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup tot}U, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239,240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am in soils (0- to 12-in. [31 cm] depth underneath the tree), pinon pine shoots (PPS), and pinon pine nuts (PPN) collected from LANL lands and regional background (BG) locations, (2) concentrations of radionuclides in PPN collected in 1977 to present data, (3) committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) from the ingestion of nuts, and (4) soil to PPS to PPN concentration ratios (CRs). Most radionuclides, with the exception of {sup 3}H in soils, were not significantly higher (p < 0.10) in soils, PPS, and PPN collected from LANL as compared to BG locations, and concentrations of most radionuclides in PPN from LANL have decreased over time. The maximum net CEDE (the CEDE plus two sigma minus BG) at the most conservative ingestion rate (10 lb [4.5 kg]) was 0.0018 mrem (0.018 {micro}Sv). Soil-to-nut CRs for most radionuclides were within the range of default values in the literature for common fruits and vegetables.

P. R. Fresquez; J. D. Huchton; M. A. Mullen; L. Naranjo, Jr.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Licensing of spent fuel dry storage and consolidated rod storage: A Review of Issues and Experiences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of this study, performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), respond to the nuclear industry's recommendation that a report be prepared that collects and describes the licensing issues (and their resolutions) that confront a new applicant requesting approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for dry storage of spent fuel or for large-scale storage of consolidated spent fuel rods in pools. The issues are identified in comments, questions, and requests from the NRC during its review of applicants' submittals. Included in the report are discussions of (1) the 18 topical reports on cask and module designs for dry storage fuel that have been submitted to the NRC, (2) the three license applications for dry storage of spent fuel at independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSIs) that have been submitted to the NRC, and (3) the three applications (one of which was later withdrawn) for large-scale storage of consolidated fuel rods in existing spent fuel storage pools at reactors that were submitted tot he NRC. For each of the applications submitted, examples of some of the issues (and suggestions for their resolutions) are described. The issues and their resolutions are also covered in detail in an example in each of the three subject areas: (1) the application for the CASTOR V/21 dry spent fuel storage cask, (2) the application for the ISFSI for dry storage of spent fuel at Surry, and (3) the application for full-scale wet storage of consolidated spent fuel at Millstone-2. The conclusions in the report include examples of major issues that applicants have encountered. Recommendations for future applicants to follow are listed. 401 refs., 26 tabs.

Bailey, W.J.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

What can the detection of a single pair of circles-in-the-sky tell us about the geometry and topology of the Universe ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a Universe with a detectable nontrivial spatial topology the last scattering surface contains pairs of matching circles with the same distribution of temperature fluctuations --- the so-called circles-in-the-sky. Searches undertaken for nearly antipodal pairs of such circles in cosmic microwave background maps have so far been unsuccessful. Previously we had shown that the negative outcome of such searches, if confirmed, should in principle be sufficient to exclude a detectable non-trivial spatial topology for most observers in very nearly flat ($0<\\mid\\Omega_{\\text{tot}}-1\\mid \\lesssim10^{-5}$) (curved) universes. More recently, however, we have shown that this picture is fundamentally changed if the universe turns out to be {\\it exactly} flat. In this case there are many potential pairs of circles with large deviations from antipodicity that have not yet been probed by existing searches. Here we study under what conditions the detection of a single pair of circles-in-the-sky can be used to uniquely specify the topology and the geometry of the spatial section of the Universe. We show that from the detection of a \\emph{single} pair of matching circles one can infer whether the spatial geometry is flat or not, and if so we show how to determine the topology (apart from one case) of the Universe using this information. An important additional outcome of our results is that the dimensionality of the circles-in-the-sky parameter space that needs to be spanned in searches for matching pair of circles is reduced from six to five degrees of freedom, with a significant reduction in the necessary computational time.

B. Mota; M. J. Reboucas; R. Tavakol

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

477

An FPGA Wave Union TDC for Time-of-Flight Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An 18-channel time-of-flight (TOF) grade time-to-digit converter (TDC) has been implemented in a low cost FPGA device. The TDC has the following unique features. (1) The time recording structures of the TDC is based on the 'wave union TDC' we developed in our previous work. A leading edge of the input hit launches a bit pattern, or wave union into the delay chain-register array structure which yields two usable measurements. The two measurements effectively sub-divide timing bins for each other especially the 'ultra-wide bins' caused by the FPGA logic array block (LAB) structure and improves measurement precision both in terms of maximum bin width and RMS resolution. A coarser measurement on input signal trailing edge is also provided for time-over-threshold (TOT) applications. (2) The TDC supports advanced timing reference distribution schemes that are superior to conventional common start/stop schemes. The TDC has 16 regular measurement channels plus two channels for timing reference. The timing reference is established with multiple measurements rather than single shot common start/stop. An advanced scheme, the mean-timing approach even eliminates needs of high quality timing distribution media. (3) The ASIC-like encapsulation of the FPGA TDC significantly shorten the learning curve for potential users while maintain certain flexibility for various applications. Necessary digital post-processing functions including semicontinuous automatic calibration, data buffer, data link jam prevention logic etc. are integrated into the firmware to provide a turn-key solution for users.

Wu, J.; /Fermilab

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over vanadia-based catalysts supported on high-surface-area mesoporous MgAl2O4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene was investigated over a series of novel vanadia-based catalysts supported on high-surface-area magnesium spinel. A mesoporous MgAl2O4 support was synthesized via a low-temperature sol gel process involving the heterobimetallic alkoxide precursor, Mg[Al(O iPr)4]2. A high-purity catalyst support was obtained after calcination at 1173 K under O2 atmosphere and active vanadia catalysts were prepared from the thermolysis of OV(O tBu)3 after grafting onto the spinel support. MgAl2O4-supported catalysts prepared in this manner have BET surface areas of 234 245 m2/g. All of the catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, and Raman, solid-state NMR, and diffuse-reflectance UV vis spectroscopy. At all vanadium loadings the vanadia supported on MgAl2O4 exist as a combination of isolated monovanadate and tetrahedral polyvanadate species. As the vanadium surface density increases for these catalysts the ratio of polyvanadate species to isolated monovanadate species increases. In addition, as the vanadium surface density increases for these catalysts, the initial rate of propane ODH per V atom increases and reaches a maximum value at 6 VOx/nm2. Increasing the vanadium surface density past this point results in a decrease in the rate of propane ODH owing to the formation of multilayer species in which subsurface vanadium atoms are essentially rendered catalytically inactive. The initial propene selectivity increases with increasing vanadium surface density and reaches a plateau of {approx}95 percent for the V/MgAl catalysts. Rate coefficients for propane ODH (k1), propane combustion (k2), and propene combustion (k3) were calculated for these catalysts. The value of k1 increases with increasing VOx surface density, reaching a maximum at about 5.5 VOx/nm2. On the other hand, the ratio (k2/k1) for V/MgAl decreases with increasing VOx surface density. The ratio (k3/k1) for both sets of catalysts shows no dependence on the vanadia surface density. The observed trends in k1, (k2/k1), and (k3/k1) are discussed in terms of the surface structure of the catalyst.

Evans, Owen R.; Bell, Alexis T.; Tilley, T. Don

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

GRB 090510: A DISGUISED SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURST WITH THE HIGHEST LORENTZ FACTOR AND CIRCUMBURST MEDIUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GRB 090510, observed by both Fermi and AGILE satellites, is the first bright short-hard gamma-ray burst (GRB) with an emission from the keV up to the GeV energy range. Within the Fireshell model, we interpret the faint precursor in the light curve as the emission at the transparency of the expanding e {sup +} e {sup -} plasma: the Proper-GRB. From the observed isotropic energy, we assume a total plasma energy E{sup tot}{sub e{sup +}e{sup -}}=(1.10{+-}0.06) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 53} erg and derive a Baryon load B = (1.45 {+-} 0.28) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} and a Lorentz factor at transparency {Gamma}{sub tr} = (6.7 {+-} 1.6) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 2}. The main emission {approx}0.4 s after the initial spike is interpreted as the extended afterglow, due to the interaction of the ultrarelativistic baryons with the CircumBurst Medium (CBM). Using the condition of fully radiative regime, we infer a CBM average spherically symmetric density of (n{sub CBM}) = (1.85 {+-} 0.14) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} particles cm{sup -3}, one of the highest found in the Fireshell model. The value of the filling factor, 1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10}{<=}R{<=}3.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8}, leads to the estimate of filaments with densities n{sub fil} = n{sub CBM}/R approx. (10{sup 6}-10{sup 14}) particles cm{sup -3}. The sub-MeV and the MeV emissions are well reproduced. When compared to the canonical GRBs with (n{sub CBM}) Almost-Equal-To 1 particles cm{sup -3} and to the disguised short GRBs with (n{sub CBM}) Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -3} particles cm{sup -3}, the case of GRB 090510 leads to the existence of a new family of bursts exploding in an overdense galactic region with (n{sub CBM}) Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 3} particles cm{sup -3}. The joint effect of the high {Gamma}{sub tr} and the high density compresses in time and 'inflates' in intensity the extended afterglow, making it appear as a short burst, which we here define as a 'disguised short GRB by excess'. The determination of the above parameter values may represent an important step toward the explanation of the GeV emission.

Muccino, M.; Ruffini, R.; Bianco, C. L.; Izzo, L.; Penacchioni, A. V.; Pisani, G. B. [Dip. di Fisica and ICRA, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

480

GRB 090227B: THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN THE GENUINE SHORT AND LONG GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time-resolved spectral analysis of GRB 090227B, made possible by the Fermi-GBM data, allows us to identify in this source the missing link between the genuine short and long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Within the Fireshell model of the GRBs we predict genuine short GRBs: bursts with the same inner engine of the long bursts but endowed with a severely low value of the baryon load, B {approx}< 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5}. A first energetically predominant emission occurs at the transparency of the e {sup +} e {sup -} plasma, the Proper-GRB (P-GRB), followed by a softer emission, the extended afterglow. The typical separation between the two emissions is expected to be of the order of 10{sup -3}-10{sup -2} s. We identify the P-GRB of GRB 090227B in the first 96 ms of emission, where a thermal component with the temperature kT = (517 {+-} 28) keV and a flux comparable with the non-thermal part of the spectrum is observed. This non-thermal component as well as the subsequent emission, where there is no evidence for a thermal spectrum, is identified with the extended afterglow. We deduce a theoretical cosmological redshift z = 1.61 {+-} 0.14. We then derive the total energy E{sup tot}{sub e{sup +}e{sup -}}= (2.83{+-}0.15) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 53} erg, the baryon load B = (4.13 {+-} 0.05) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5}, the Lorentz {Gamma} factor at transparency {Gamma}{sub tr} = (1.44 {+-} 0.01) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4}, and the intrinsic duration {Delta}t' {approx} 0.35 s. We also determine the average density of the circumburst medium (CBM), (n {sub CBM}) = (1.90 {+-} 0.20) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} particles cm{sup -3}. There is no evidence of beaming in the system. In view of the energetics and of the baryon load of the source, as well as of the low interstellar medium and of the intrinsic timescale of the signal, we identify the GRB progenitor as a binary neutron star. From the recent progress in the theory of neutron stars, we obtain masses of the stars m {sub 1} = m {sub 2} = 1.34 M {sub Sun} and their corresponding radii R {sub 1} = R {sub 2} = 12.24 km and thickness of their crusts {approx}0.47 km, consistent with the above values of the baryon load, of the energetics and of the time duration of the event.

Muccino, M.; Ruffini, R.; Bianco, C. L.; Izzo, L.; Penacchioni, A. V. [Dip. di Fisica and ICRA, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)] [Dip. di Fisica and ICRA, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

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481

THE CALCULATION OF BURNABLE POISON CORRECTION FACTORS FOR PWR FRESH FUEL ACTIVE COLLAR MEASUREMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Verification of commercial low enriched uranium light water reactor fuel takes place at the fuel fabrication facility as part of the overall international nuclear safeguards solution to the civilian use of nuclear technology. The fissile mass per unit length is determined nondestructively by active neutron coincidence counting using a neutron collar. A collar comprises four slabs of high density polyethylene that surround the assembly. Three of the slabs contain {sup 3}He filled proportional counters to detect time correlated fission neutrons induced by an AmLi source placed in the fourth slab. Historically, the response of a particular collar design to a particular fuel assembly type has been established by careful cross-calibration to experimental absolute calibrations. Traceability exists to sources and materials held at Los Alamos National Laboratory for over 35 years. This simple yet powerful approach has ensured consistency of application. Since the 1980's there has been a steady improvement in fuel performance. The trend has been to higher burn up. This requires the use of both higher initial enrichment and greater concentrations of burnable poisons. The original analytical relationships to correct for varying fuel composition are consequently being challenged because the experimental basis for them made use of fuels of lower enrichment and lower poison content than is in use today and is envisioned for use in the near term. Thus a reassessment of the correction factors is needed. Experimental reassessment is expensive and time consuming given the great variation between fuel assemblies in circulation. Fortunately current modeling methods enable relative response functions to be calculated with high accuracy. Hence modeling provides a more convenient and cost effective means to derive correction factors which are fit for purpose with confidence. In this work we use the Monte Carlo code MCNPX with neutron coincidence tallies to calculate the influence of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} burnable poison on the measurement of fresh pressurized water reactor fuel. To empirically determine the response function over the range of historical and future use we have considered enrichments up to 5 wt% {sup 235}U/{sup tot}U and Gd weight fractions of up to 10 % Gd/UO{sub 2}. Parameterized correction factors are presented.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Favalli, Andrea [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

482

Carbon-carbon bond cleavage of 1,2-hydroxy ethers b7 vanadium(V) dipicolinate complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of alternatives to current petroleum-based fuels and chemicals is becoming increasingly important due to concerns over climate change, growing world energy demand, and energy security issues. Using non-food derived biomass to produce renewable feedstocks for chemicals and fuels is a particularly attractive possibility. However, the majority of biomass is in the form of lignocellulose, which is often not fully utilized due to difficulties associated with breaking down both lignin and cellulose. Recently, a number of methods have been reported to transform cellulose directly into more valuable materials such as glucose, sorbitol, 5-(chloromethyl)furfural, and ethylene glycol. Less progress has been made with selective transformations of lignin, which is typically treated in paper and forest industries by kraft pulping (sodium hydroxide/sodium sulfide) or incineration. Our group has begun investigating aerobic oxidative C-C bond cleavage catalyzed by dipicolinate vanadium complexes, with the idea that a selective C-C cleavage reaction of this type could be used to produce valuable chemicals or intermediates from cellulose or lignin. Lignin is a randomized polymer containing methoxylated phenoxy propanol units. A number of different linkages occur naturally; one of the most prevalent is the {beta}-O-4 linkage shown in Figure 1, containing a C-C bond with 1,2-hydroxy ether substituents. While the oxidative C-C bond cleavage of 1,2-diols has been reported for a number of metals, including vanadium, iron, manganese, ruthenium, and polyoxometalate complexes, C-C bond cleavage of 1,2-hydroxy ethers is much less common. We report herein vanadium-mediated cleavage of C-C bonds between alcohol and ether functionalities in several lignin model complexes. In order to explore the scope and potential of vanadium complexes to effect oxidative C-C bond cleavage in 1,2-hydroxy ethers, we examined the reactivity of the lignin model complexes pinacol monomethyl ether (A), 2-phenoxyethanol (B), and 1,2-diphenyl-2-methoxyethanol (C) (Figure 1). Reaction of (dipic)V{sup V}(O)O{sup i}Pr (1a) or (dipic)V{sup v}(O)OEt (lb) with A, B, or C in acetonitrile yielded new vanadium(V) complexes where the alcohol-ether ligand was bound in a chelating fashion. From the reaction of 1b with pinacol monomethyl ether (A) in acetonitrile solution, (dipic)V{sup v}(O)(pinOMe) (2) (PinOMe = 2,3-dimethyl-3-methoxy-2-butanoxide) was isolated in 61 % yield. Reaction of 1b with 2-phenoxyethanol (B) in acetonitrile gave the new complex (dipic)V{sup v}(O)(OPE) (3) (OPE = 2-phenoxyethoxide), which was isolated in 76% yield. In a similar fashion, 1a reacted with 1,2-diphenyl-2-methoxyethanol (C) to give (dipic)V(O)(DPME) (4) (DPME = 1,2-diphenyl-2-methoxyethoxide), which was isolated in 39% yield. Complexes 2, 3, and 4 were characterized by {sup 1}H NMR and IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and X-ray crystallography. Compared to the previously reported vanadium(V) pinacolate complex (dipic)V(O)(pinOH) the X-ray structure of complex 2 reveals a slightly shorter V = O bond, 1.573(2) {angstrom} vs 1.588(2) {angstrom} for the pinOH structure. Complexes 3 and 4 display similar vanadium oxo bond distances of 1.568(2) {angstrom} and 1.576(2) {angstrom}, respectively. All three complexes show longer bonds to the ether-oxygen trans to the oxo (2.388(2) {angstrom} for 2, 2.547(2) {angstrom} for 3, and 2.438(2) {angstrom} for 4) than to the hydroxy-oxygen in the pinOH structure (2.252(2) {angstrom}).

Hanson, Susan K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gordon, John C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thorn, David L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, Brian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baker, R Tom [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Algae Tile Data: 2004-2007, BPA-51; Preliminary Report, October 28, 2008.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiple files containing 2004 through 2007 Tile Chlorophyll data for the Kootenai River sites designated as: KR1, KR2, KR3, KR4 (Downriver) and KR6, KR7, KR9, KR9.1, KR10, KR11, KR12, KR13, KR14 (Upriver) were received by SCS. For a complete description of the sites covered, please refer to http://ktoi.scsnetw.com. To maintain consistency with the previous SCS algae reports, all analyses were carried out separately for the Upriver and Downriver categories, as defined in the aforementioned paragraph. The Upriver designation, however, now includes three additional sites, KR11, KR12, and the nutrient addition site, KR9.1. Summary statistics and information on the four responses, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll a Accrual Rate, Total Chlorophyll, and Total Chlorophyll Accrual Rate are presented in Print Out 2. Computations were carried out separately for each river position (Upriver and Downriver) and year. For example, the Downriver position in 2004 showed an average Chlorophyll a level of 25.5 mg with a standard deviation of 21.4 and minimum and maximum values of 3.1 and 196 mg, respectively. The Upriver data in 2004 showed a lower overall average chlorophyll a level at 2.23 mg with a lower standard deviation (3.6) and minimum and maximum values of (0.13 and 28.7, respectively). A more comprehensive summary of each variable and position is given in Print Out 3. This lists the information above as well as other summary information such as the variance, standard error, various percentiles and extreme values. Using the 2004 Downriver Chlorophyll a as an example again, the variance of this data was 459.3 and the standard error of the mean was 1.55. The median value or 50th percentile was 21.3, meaning 50% of the data fell above and below this value. It should be noted that this value is somewhat different than the mean of 25.5. This is an indication that the frequency distribution of the data is not symmetrical (skewed). The skewness statistic, listed as part of the first section of each analysis, quantifies this. In a symmetric distribution, such as a Normal distribution, the skewness value would be 0. The tile chlorophyll data, however, shows larger values. Chlorophyll a, in the 2004 Downriver example, has a skewness statistic of 3.54, which is quite high. In the last section of the summary analysis, the stem and leaf plot graphically demonstrates the asymmetry, showing most of the data centered around 25 with a large value at 196. The final plot is referred to as a normal probability plot and graphically compares the data to a theoretical normal distribution. For chlorophyll a, the data (asterisks) deviate substantially from the theoretical normal distribution (diagonal reference line of pluses), indicating that the data is non-normal. Other response variables in both the Downriver and Upriver categories also indicated skewed distributions. Because the sample size and mean comparison procedures below require symmetrical, normally distributed data, each response in the data set was logarithmically transformed. The logarithmic transformation, in this case, can help mitigate skewness problems. The summary statistics for the four transformed responses (log-ChlorA, log-TotChlor, and log-accrual ) are given in Print Out 4. For the 2004 Downriver Chlorophyll a data, the logarithmic transformation reduced the skewness value to -0.36 and produced a more bell-shaped symmetric frequency distribution. Similar improvements are shown for the remaining variables and river categories. Hence, all subsequent analyses given below are based on logarithmic transformations of the original responses.

Holderman, Charles

2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

484

Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Radionuclide Transport at the Climax Mine sub-CAU, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Yucca Flat-Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit (CAU) on the Nevada Test Site comprises 747 underground nuclear detonations, all but three of which were conducted in alluvial, volcanic, and carbonate rocks in Yucca Flat. The remaining three tests were conducted in the very different hydrogeologic setting of the Climax Mine granite stock located in Area 15 at the northern end of Yucca Flat. As part of the Corrective Action Investigation (CAI) for the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU, models of groundwater flow and radionuclide transport will be developed for Yucca Flat. However, two aspects of these CAU-scale models require focused modeling at the northern end of Yucca Flat beyond the capability of these large models. First, boundary conditions and boundary flows along the northern reaches of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU require evaluation to a higher level of detail than the CAU-scale Yucca Flat model can efficiently provide. Second, radionuclide fluxes from the Climax tests require analysis of flow and transport in fractured granite, a unique hydrologic environment as compared to Yucca Flat proper. This report describes the Climax Mine sub-CAU modeling studies conducted to address these issues, with the results providing a direct feed into the CAI for the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU. Three underground nuclear detonations were conducted for weapons effects testing in the Climax stock between 1962 and 1966: Hard Hat, Pile Driver, and Tiny Tot. Though there is uncertainty regarding the position of the water table in the stock, it is likely that all three tests were conducted in the unsaturated zone. In the early 1980s, the Spent Fuel Test-Climax (SFT-C) was constructed to evaluate the feasibility of retrievable, deep geologic storage of commercial nuclear reactor wastes. Detailed mapping of fractures and faults carried out for the SFT-C studies greatly expanded earlier data sets collected in association with the nuclear tests and provided invaluable information for subsequent modeling studies at Climax. The objectives of the Climax Mine sub-CAU work are to (1) provide simulated heads and groundwater flows for the northern boundaries of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU model, while incorporating alternative conceptualizations of the hydrogeologic system with their associated uncertainty, and (2) provide radionuclide fluxes from the three tests in the Climax stock using modeling techniques that account for groundwater flow in fractured granite. Meeting these two objectives required two different model scales. The northern boundary groundwater fluxes were addressed using the Death Valley Regional Flow System (DVRFS) model (Belcher, 2004) developed by the U.S. Geological Survey as a modeling framework, with refined hydrostratigraphy in a zone north of Yucca Flat and including Climax stock. Radionuclide transport was simulated using a separate model confined to the granite stock itself, but linked to regional groundwater flow through boundary conditions and calibration targets.

K. Pohlmann; M. Ye; D. Reeves; M. Zavarin; D. Decker; J. Chapman

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

485

Special Analysis of Transuranic Waste in Trench T04C at the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Special Analysis (SA) was prepared to assess the potential impact of inadvertent disposal of a limited quantity of transuranic (TRU) waste in classified Trench 4 (T04C) within the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The Area 5 RWMS is a low-level radioactive waste disposal site in northern Frenchman Flat on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The Area 5 RWMS is regulated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under DOE Order 435.1 and DOE Manual (DOE M) 435.1-1. The primary objective of the SA is to evaluate if inadvertent disposal of limited quantities of TRU waste in a shallow land burial trench at the Area 5 RWMS is in compliance with the existing, approved Disposal Authorization Statement (DAS) issued under DOE M 435.1-1. In addition, supplemental analyses are performed to determine if there is reasonable assurance that the requirements of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 191, Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level, and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes, can be met. The 40 CFR 191 analyses provide supplemental information regarding the risk to human health and the environment of leaving the TRU waste in T04C. In 1989, waste management personnel reviewing classified materials records discovered that classified materials buried in trench T04C at the Area 5 RWMS contained TRU waste. Subsequent investigations determined that a total of 102 55-gallon drums of TRU waste from Rocky Flats were buried in trench T04C in 1986. The disposal was inadvertent because unclassified records accompanying the shipment indicated that the waste was low-level. The exact location of the TRU waste in T04C was not recorded and is currently unknown. Under DOE M 435.1-1, Chapter IV, Section P.5, low-level waste disposal facilities must obtain a DAS. The DAS specifies conditions that must be met to operate within the radioactive waste management basis, consisting of a performance assessment (PA), composite analysis (CA), closure plan, monitoring plan, waste acceptance criteria, and a PA/CA maintenance plan. The DOE issued a DAS for the Area 5 RWMS in 2000. The Area 5 RWMS DAS was, in part, based on review of a CA as required under DOE M 435.1-1, Chapter IV, Section P.(3). A CA is a radiological assessment required for DOE waste disposed before 26 September 1988 and includes the radiological dose from all sources of radioactive material interacting with all radioactive waste disposed at the Area 5 RWMS. The approved Area 5 RWMS CA, which includes the inventory of TRU waste in T04C, indicates that the Area 5 RWMS waste inventory and all interacting sources of radioactive material can meet the 0.3 mSv dose constraint. The composite analysis maximum annual dose for a future resident at the Area 5 RWMS was estimated to be 0.01 mSv at 1,000 years. Therefore, the inadvertent disposal of TRU in T04C is protective of the public and the environment, and compliant with all the applicable requirements in DOE M 435.1-1 and the DAS. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency promulgated 40 CFR 191 to establish standards for the planned disposal of spent nuclear fuel, high level, and transuranic wastes in geologic repositories. Although not required, the National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office requested a supplemental analysis to evaluate the likelihood that the inadvertent disposal of TRU waste in T04C meets the requirements of 40 CFR 191. The SA evaluates the likelihood of meeting the 40 CFR 191 containment requirements (CRs), assurance requirements, individual protection requirements (IPRs), and groundwater protection standards. The results of the SA indicate that there is a reasonable expectation of meeting all the requirements of 40 CFR 191. The conclusion of the SA is that the Area 5 RWMS with the TRU waste buried in T04C is in compliance with all requirements in DOE M 435.1-1 and the DAS. Compliance with the DAS is demonstrated by the results of the Area 5 RWMS CA. Supplemental analyses in the SA indicate there is a

Greg Shott, Vefa Yucel, Lloyd Desotell

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z