Sample records for tosha richardson 202-287-6597

  1. Secretary Richardson Accepts Recommendations for Improving Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Secretary Richardson Accepts Recommendations for Improving Security at Nuclear Weapons Laboratories | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS...

  2. Richardson, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies (EC-LEDS) |Richardson, Texas:

  3. Properties of the termination shock observed by Voyager 2 and J. D. Richardson3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    Properties of the termination shock observed by Voyager 2 H. Li,1,2 C. Wang,1 and J. D. Richardson3] In August 2007, Voyager 2 reached the termination shock and entered the heliosheath at a distance of about, the termination shock moved back and forth, and Voyager 2 crossed the termination shock multiple times. We use

  4. The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar John D. Richardson and Chi Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar Maximum John D. Richardson and Chi Wang Center solar wind observations in the outer heliosphere, concentrating on the recent data near solar maximum. The speed and temperature tend to be lower at solar maximum, due to the lack of coronal holes. The near

  5. Concurrent Zero-Knowledge Proofs for NP Joe Kilian y Erez Petrank z Ransom Richardson x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrank, Erez

    Cummings Center, Beverly, MA 01915. rrichard@groove.net. 1 #12; zero-knowledge protocols that are robustConcurrent Zero-Knowledge Proofs for NP #3; Joe Kilian y Erez Petrank z Ransom Richardson x November 26, 2001 Abstract A proof is concurrent zero-knowledge if it remains zero-knowledge when many

  6. LIQUID PHASE DEPOSITION OF ELECTROCHROMIC THIN FILMS T. J. Richardson and M. D. Rubin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 LIQUID PHASE DEPOSITION OF ELECTROCHROMIC THIN FILMS T. J. Richardson and M. D. Rubin electrochromism with high coloration efficiencies. These nickel oxide films were particularly stable compared, and readily scalable to larger substrates. Keywords: liquid phase deposition; electrochromic films; thin film

  7. The Solar Wind: Probing the Heliosphere with Multiple Spacecraft John D. Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    1 The Solar Wind: Probing the Heliosphere with Multiple Spacecraft John D. Richardson Center of the Voyager spacecraft in the outer heliosphere, Ulysses at high latitudes, and multiple solar wind monitors near Earth provides a unique opportunity to study the global structure and evolution of the solar wind

  8. EFFECTS OF WATER AND TEMPERATURE John R. Jones, Merrill R. Kaufmann, and E. Arlo Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EFFECTS OF WATER AND TEMPERATURE John R. Jones, Merrill R. Kaufmann, and E. Arlo Richardson not tolerate sustained high temperatures, or semiarid or even dry, subhumid conditions. Much can be inferred streams in relatively hot deserts. This indicates intolerance of high temper- ature effects-either direct

  9. Phosphorus Retention in Duke's SWAMP Mark River, Neal Flanagan, Curtis Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (1), 83. Richardson, C. J., N. E. Flanagan, M. Ho, and J. W. Pahl. 2011. Integrated stream and wetland Drinking Water Reservoir: Falls Lake, Neuse River, North Carolina, USA." Journal of Soils and Sediments 13. Conclusions Duke's Stream and Wetland Assessment and Management Park (SWAMP) is a restored wetland complex

  10. Solar wind structure in the outer heliosphere J.D. Richardson a,b,*, Y. Liu a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Solar wind structure in the outer heliosphere J.D. Richardson a,b,*, Y. Liu a , C. Wang b a Kavli Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 8701, Beijing 100080, China Received 29 November 2006; received in revised form 8 February 2007; accepted 27 March 2007 Abstract A solar wind parcel evolves as it moves outward

  11. An analysis of modified convective available potential energy and Richardson number in mid-latitude squall line environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stricherz, James Nicholas

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    modified convective available potential energy (MCAPE) and Richardson number (MRI) were computed for each upper air sounding in a synoptic ? scale data network. The resulting fields were contoured and compared to the development, growth and decay of mid... ? latitude squall lines in several cases studies. The results indicate that, though the squall lines remained in the vicinity of MCAPE maxima and MRI minima there was no quantitative association. The squall lines also appeared to avoid these regions...

  12. Long-range spin-orbit potential, Gromes's consistency condition, Richardson's potential, and properties of heavy quarkonium systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fulcher, L.P. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH (USA))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energies, fine-structure splittings, leptonic widths, and dipole electromagnetic transition rates are calculated for the {Upsilon} and charmonium systems using a potential model based on Richardson's interpolating form for the running coupling constant. Using the definitions of the spin-dependent potentials of Eichten and Feinberg and arguments based on lattice gauge calculations, we have determined the long-range spin-orbit potential from Gromes's consistency condition. It is also shown that the sign difference between the long-range spin-orbit potential and the perturbative spin-orbit potential is important in explaining the measured values of the fine-structure ratio in both the {Upsilon} and charmonium {ital P} states. The question of whether the parameter {Lambda} of Richardson's potential is supposed to play the role of the universal QCD scale is addressed. It is argued that the agreement of the {Upsilon} and charmonium leptonic widths with experiment is convincing support for Richardson's form for the running coupling constant since these numbers reflect directly the values of the various {ital S}-state wave functions at the origin. Certain problems with the magnitudes of the hyperfine splittings and dipole transition rates of charmonium are discussed.

  13. Solar wind oscillations with a 1.3 year period John D. Richardson, Karolen I. Paularena, John W. Belcher, and Alan J. Lazaru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    Solar wind oscillations with a 1.3 year period s C John D. Richardson, Karolen I. Paularena, John W Abstract. The IMP-8 and Voyager 2 spacecraft have ecently detected a very strong modulation in the solar. Introduction The Sun emits a continuous stream of ionized particles s d called the solar wind. This wind

  14. A GIS-based Estimate of Net Erosion Rate for Semi-arid Watersheds in New Mexico Richardson, C.P.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cal, Mark P.

    A GIS-based Estimate of Net Erosion Rate for Semi-arid Watersheds in New Mexico Richardson, C.P.1 and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech 801 Leroy Place Socorro, NM, 87801, h2odoc@nmt.edu 2 Jose B. Gallegos.gallegos@arcadis-us.com 3 Jaime Ealey, Graduate Research Assistant, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico

  15. Health assessment for Richardson Flat Tailings, Park City, Summit County, Utah, Region 8. CERCLIS No. UTD980952840. Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Richardson Flat Tailings, an Update 7 site proposed for the National Priorities List, is located 3.5 miles northeast of Park City, Summit County, Utah. From 1975 to 1981, the 160-acre site was used for disposing mine tailing wastes from the Keetly Ontario Mine and other mines owned by United Park City Mines. Currently no tailings are dumped at the site; however, soil from the site is being excavated and used to cover the tailings piles. Several metal contaminants, including arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, and zinc, have been detected in on-site and off-site areas. Contaminants may migrate from the site to off-site areas through surface water, groundwater, and airborne-associated pathways. Human exposure to site contaminants may occur through the ingestion of contaminated groundwater, food-chain entities, and soil; through dermal contact with contaminants; and through the inhalation of airborne dusts. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the high levels of on-site contaminants.

  16. Media Contact Danielle Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    Anode Materials. Vor-ChargeTM is based on a new technology that outperforms carbon nanotube and carbon International. "Vorbeck's Graphene Composite Anode Materials offer higher energy density than other available and commercialization. The Vor-chargeTM Graphene Composite Anode Material is truly a breakthrough material for the 21st

  17. AND RELATIVE RICHARDSON-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´ia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient´ificas, Serrano 144, 28006 Madrid, Spain. M. Torres Instituto de F´isica Aplicada, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient´ificas, Serrano 144, 28006 Madrid, Spain

  18. richardson-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearchrfry AmesChilled Mirror47

  19. The history of NATO TNF policy: The role of studies, analysis and exercises conference proceedings. Volume 3: Papers by Gen. Robert C. Richardson III (Ret.)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinne, R.L. [ed.

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference was organized to study and analyze the role of simulation, analysis, modeling, and exercises in the history of NATO policy. The premise was not that the results of past studies will apply to future policy, but rather that understanding what influenced the decision process-and how-would be of value. The structure of the conference was built around discussion panels. The panels were augmented by a series of papers and presentations focusing on particular TNF events, issues, studies, or exercises. The conference proceedings consist of three volumes. Volume 1 contains the conference introduction, agenda, biographical sketches of principal participants, and analytical summary of the presentations and discussion panels. Volume 2 contains a short introduction and the papers and presentations from the conference. This volume contains selected papers by Brig. Gen. Robert C. Richardson III (Ret.).

  20. A GIS-based Soil Erosion Risk Map for New Mexico Bulut, G.G.1; Cal, M.P.2; Richardson, C.P.3; Gallegos, J.B.4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cal, Mark P.

    A GIS-based Soil Erosion Risk Map for New Mexico Bulut, G.G.1; Cal, M.P.2; Richardson, C.P.3; Gallegos, J.B.4 Abstract A soil erosion risk map was developed for the State of New Mexico using for New Mexico was developed showing that erosion risk varied between 0.05 and 0.87 on a scale of 0

  1. Spring 2005 by Misti Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    and more technical course- work needed for students whose goal is to become a high school agricultural in the European coun- try is due to the potential to develop a study-abroad program for MSU students in Croatia. Croatian farmers came to MSU from 1998 to 2003 to learn how to set up agricultural cooperatives. Frick

  2. DYNAMICALLY RECOMMENDING DESIGN SARAH RICHARDSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Conclusions and Future Work 18 i #12;List of Figures 1 An example Abstract Syntax Tree (AST) graph at Stetson University DeLand, Florida Fall Term 2010 #12;Contents 0.1 Abstract Work 6 3.1 Design Pattern Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3

  3. Bill Richardson | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFApril 2015CommerceDepartment of

  4. richardson(2)-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearchrfry AmesChilled Mirror

  5. KEYNOTE ADDRESS Delivered by Dean Mark Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    future career. While it is convenient to think that health care reform is "done" now that new federal are truly going to transform our health care system from what it is now to what it has the potential. But we know that the health care community ­ in which you are now fully vested members ­ must work

  6. Linda R. Richardson John R. Gold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from the Campeche Banks, Mexico (Fig. 1). The main objectives were 1) to determine whether red grouperDNA diversity in red grou- per from Campeche Banks, Mexico, with those from west Florida. Materials and methods

  7. Heliospheric shocks and sheaths John D. Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    into the thermal ions but instead heated these pickup ions. ICME-driven shocks are studied and compared to planetary bow shocks and the TS to see if pickup ions affect the heating at these shocks. The percentage in planetary magnetosheaths at the same distance. However, outside 35 AU, no reflected thermal ions

  8. BILL RICHARDSON Governor DIANE DENISH Lieutenant Governor

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  9. Hicks and Richardson on industrial change: analysis and policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with two essential analytical ingredients that the out-of-equilibrium analysis of processes of economic is thrown on the specific co-ordination problem that characterizes a process of economic change; a problem of economic activity, to render the process of change undertaken viable. This process comes down

  10. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Elliot l. Richardson, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Tridacnidae) on Helen Reef, Palau, Western Caroline Islands. Apri11975, Patrick G. Bryan and Daniel B. Mc

  11. Lizette, Richardson, Richard, Turk, Partnerships and Caring for...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Facilities n Fort Hancock - All buildings n Officers' Quarters n Floyd Bennett Field- wind damage n Fort Tilden n Historic Assets n Housing n...

  12. The Plasma in the Heliosheath John D. Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    to a decrease in solar output and deflection of plasma toward the heliotail. Fluctuations in the speed different at Voyager 1 and Voyager 2; the Voyager 2 data differ from model predictions. Keywords: Heliosheath, Solar wind, Termination shock PACS: 96.50.Ek INTRODUCTION This paper reviews recent Voyager

  13. Shocks and sheaths in the heliosphere John D. Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    : Heliosphere Shocks Sheaths a b s t r a c t This paper compares three kinds of shocks and sheaths; the bow compares shocks and sheaths which form in the solar wind due to interactions with planets (bow shocks of the termination shock but the average increases by a factor of 2, and the temperature of the thermal protons

  14. Energy Secretary Richardson Expands Role of Carlsbad, Creating Field Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia Nanoparticles asSecondCareerFebruaryEnergy Present EnricoMake

  15. BILL RICHARDSON Governor DIANE DENISH Lieutenant Governor NEW MEXICO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  16. Microsoft Word - STATEMENT OF HERBERT RICHARDSON.doc

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMAMayCross Reference40 US DepartmentHERBERT

  17. Richardson County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue Ridge AndREIIReykjanesMinnesota. Its FIPS

  18. Admiral John M. Richardson | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledoSampling atSFO | NationalAdministrationJohn M.

  19. Secretary Richardson Accepts Recommendations for Improving Security at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water was a Fellow ASCE, Honorary Diplomat Engineering Water Resources and received the Hans Albert Einstein Award

  1. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR NATHAN RICHARDSON RECEIVES THE ACSA/AIAS NEW FACULTY TEACHING AWARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piao, Daqing

    and Interfraternity Council (second time in three years!). Jeff Williams and Seung Ra received the Karin & Robert J at OSU though the OSU Study Abroad Committee. #12;Left to right: Jeff Williams, Seung Ra, Suzanne

  2. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR NATHAN RICHARDSON RECEIVES THE ACSA/AIAS NEW FACULTY TEACHING AWARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piao, Daqing

    and Interfraternity Council (second time in three years!). Jeff Williams and Seung Ra received the Karin & Robert J. Left to right: Jeff Williams, Seung Ra, Suzanne Bilbeisi, Anne Presley, and Moh'd Bilbeisi. Paolo Sanza

  3. Body Impossible: Dynamics of Race, Sexuality, and Virtuosity in the Dance of Desmond Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Ariel Osterweis

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Limbs in a Sea of Energy, New York Times. November 22,Limbs in a Sea of Energy, New York Times, November 22,

  4. >> Home >> World News Michael Richardson: Win for France over fusion reactor a big blow to Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be better spent on other energy technologies that can reduce global warming more quickly. In the ITER to Japan 05.07.05 The quest to find a clean, cheap and abundant way to meet future global energy needs took and other fossil fuels, fusion produces no environmentally damaging emissions and only low levels

  5. 4.3.1. L. F. RICHARDSONS THEORY OF CONFLICT In this section ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This can be accomplished by increasing a; i.e. by using stronger and more accurate weapons, or by increasing the initial force y0. Notice though that a doubling...

  6. Neuropathy Target Esterase Biosensor Devesh Srivastava1, Neeraj Kohli1, Rudy J. Richardson2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ilsoon

    , in the presence of tyrosinase enzyme (Sigolaeva et al., 2001; Sokolovskaya et al., 2005). Tyrosinase converts

  7. ERG is Teeming with MalleyCATS By Ransom Richardson and Lee Friess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Innovative methods for Nitrogen removal, funded by several wastewater utilities throughout the US found in wastewaters and storm water overflows using UV disinfection, funded by CH2M Hill; Development for us. I was able to find a group and research opportunities that I'm able to take ownership

  8. Mystical design in Dorothy Richardson's Pilgramage: the case of Dimple Hill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Laura Jane

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    meeting appears in Revolvin Li hts (III 324-29) . Here, she realizes that her witnessing of Quaker worship is a "deeply engraved memory, " more powerful "than any of the bright remembered things that had seemed so good as they came" (III 324). 40... transformation to follow. By the time Miriam reaches Dimple Hill, she has already traveled a great distance on the road to her "true identity. " When her journey begins, Miriam, at seventeen, has a keen, rapidly maturing intellect and a predisposition...

  9. UTC for Computational Engineering E.S. Richardson, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sbester, Andrs

    , SO17 1BJ, U.K. MODELLING FOR SPARK IGNITION IN A GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR Confident prediction and optimisation are still required. Traditional design correlations for combustor ignitability based on combustor volume and flow rates (cf. Lefebvre) give general information only, and may be inapplicable

  10. Herbert Richardson: Before The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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  11. Richardson named B&W Y-12 Deputy General Manager for Operations | Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy | National Nuclear Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  13. Reducing the Disk I/O of Web Proxy Server Caches Carlos Maltzahn and Kathy J. Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maltzahn, Carlos

    Computer Corporation Network Systems Laboratory Palo Alto, CA carlosm@cs.colorado.edu, kjr@pa.dec.com Dirk-like fashion with the amount of traffic and the size of the client population [16, 11, 8] as well

  14. Florence Richardson Wyckoff (1905-1997), Fifty Years of Grassroots Social ActivismVolume III: Watsonville Years 1960-1985

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyckoff, Florence Richardson; Jarrell, Randall

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    had California Kern County, chapters Kings in County,California Committee for Fair Employment Practices; Robert Williams, Supervisor, Kings CountyKings County Welfare Department; Earl Rouse, Director, City of Wasco Housing Authority; Robb Smith, M, D Chairman, Rural and Community Health Committee, California

  15. Homodyne OFDM using Simple Optical Carrier Recovery Zhixin Liu, David S. Wu, David J. Richardson, and Radan Slavk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Radan Slavk Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, U.K. Email

  16. Surface energy budget over the South Pole and turbulent heat fluxes as a function of an empirical bulk Richardson number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walden, Von P.

    Surface energy budget over the South Pole and turbulent heat fluxes as a function of an empirical in the monthly mean surface energy budget and to investigate the behavior of turbulent heat fluxes under stable and one as the residual of the surface energy budget (i.e., subsurface heat fluxes minus net radiation

  17. June 4, 2010 SE N A T E CA N D I D A T E S I N T H E 2010 GE N E R A L EL E C T I O N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    (Counties) Major Cities Incumbent Republican Democrat 3. Jackson Ashland, Medford, Jacksonville Alan Bates Dennis Richardson (R) Dennis Richardson Rick Levine 5. Jackson Ashland/ Medford Peter Buckley (D) Sandra

  18. Redox shuttle additives for overcharge protection in lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Thomas J.; Ross Jr., P.N.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protection in Lithium Batteries, T. J. Richardson* and P.OVERCHARGE PROTECTION IN LITHIUM BATTERIES T. J. Richardson*improve the safety of lithium batteries. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

  19. Short-term climate response to a freshwater pulse in the Southern Glen Richardson, Martin R. Wadley, and Karen J. Heywood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    , and a cooling of the surface. The surface cooling causes Antarctic sea-ice to thicken and increase in extent, and this leads to a cooling of Southern Hemisphere surface air temperature. The surface cooling increases over scenario as outlined by Oppenheimer [1998] is that the Ross Ice Shelf could disintegrate within 50

  20. 3116 TAMU, 507 Richardson Building, College Station, Texas 77843-3116 (979) 845-2241 FAX (979) 845-1307 http://www.pe.tamu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    ) 845-1307 ­ http://www.pe.tamu.edu Agenda Heavy Oil, Stimulation/IOR, Environmental, Well Construction Steam-Solvent Injection to Increase Efficiency of Thermal Oil Recovery Processes (Project 1.3.22) ­ Mojtaba Ardali / Dr. Maria Barrufet 9:15 ­ 9:45 CAGD: An In-situ Combustion Method to Recover Heavy Oil

  1. Edited by Bruce J. Richardson The objective of BASELINE is to publish short communications on different aspects of pollution of the marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    , Yucataan C.P. 97310, Mexico Evidence from worldwide environmental contamina- tion by lead, as a result cut with a water lubricated diamond saw along the coral's maximum growth axis to obtain slices 6­8 mm

  2. Voyager 2 Fine-Scale Velocity Oscillations at 48 AU K. I. Paularena, J. W. Belcher, J. D. Richardson, G. S. Gordon, Jr., and A. J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    are observed, the pick-up pressure far exceeds the pressure of the thermal solar wind proton population observed upstream of planetary bow shocks. Anomalous cosmic ray protons with 100 MeV energies satisfy to upstream waves observed at planetary bow shocks. Observations The bottom panel of Figure 1 shows a plot

  3. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Colby Redekop, David Mollenbeck, Julian Cheung, Nick Richardson, Randy Chase, Wendy Xu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    garden, solar panels, naturally lit interior EXECUTIVE SUMMARY #12;iii Dome glasshouses o Architecturally visitor parking o Allows for visitor access to north garden through existing parking lot at Thunderbird

  4. Ecological Applications, 18(2), 2008, pp. 483496 2008 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fant, Jeremie

    , Bruland and Richardson 2005, Larkin et al. 2006). Without heterogeneous features, restoration sites might

  5. Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of lithium intercalation and may hold the key to high-energy T. Richardson and G. Chen (LBNL) batteries T. Richardson and G. Chen (LBNL) Material Modifications on the Nanoscale L...

  6. The temporal cascade structure of reanalyses and Global Circulation models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovejoy, Shaun

    and stochastic forecasting. 1. Introduction "Weather prediction by Numerical Process" (Richardson, 1922 equations. While these equations are deterministic, numerical weather prediction has been increasingly of the deterministic models. Interestingly, Richardson is not only the father of numerical weather forecasting, he

  7. Phase noise characterization of injection locked semiconductor lasers to a 250 MHz optical frequency comb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sbester, Andrs

    frequency comb David S. Wu1 , Radan Slavk1 , Giuseppe Marra2 and David J. Richardson1 1. Optoelectronics

  8. Stability Characterization of Optical Injection Phase Locked Loop for Amplification in Optical Frequency Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frequency Transfer Joonyoung Kim1 , David S. Wu1 , Giuseppe Marra2 , David J. Richardson1 , and Radan Slavk

  9. Volume 43Volume 43 2008-20092008-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    .........................................104 Renegade: The Making of Barack Obama. .......................................109 News and Notes Editor - The Rev'd Graeme Richardson #12;3 CONTENTS Records Senior Members

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - acute inflammatory demyelinating Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and around areas of acute demyelination (Hinks and Franklin, 1999, 2000; Redwine and Armstrong... . Generation of oligodendroglial progenitors in acute ... Source: Richardson,...

  11. Diagnostics at LBNL

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DIAGNOSTICS AT LBNL Robert Kostecki and Tom Richardson Principal Investigators presented by Frank McLarnon Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720 DOE...

  12. First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Whittingham, Binghamton * Dr. M. M. Thackeray, ANL * Drs. T. Richardson, J. Cabana, LBNL * Profs. J. -M. Tarascon, C. Masquelier, Amiens Partners Objectives * Determine the...

  13. Integrated Lab/Industry Research Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Partners * Jordi Cabana, Marca Doeff, Lily Zhang, Tom Richardson , R. Kostecki, G. Liu (LBNL) * Dave Schroeder (Northern Illinois) * Susanna Neuhold, C. Grogger (TU Graz) *...

  14. Integrated Laboratory Industry Research Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Partners * Jordi Cabana, Marca Doeff, Tom Richardson, R. Kostecki, G. Liu, John Kerr (LBNL) * NIU Fabrication Design Lab * Jun Lu (UUANL), University of Utah Metallurgical...

  15. Lithium-based electrochromic mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Thomas J.; Slack, Jonathan L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson*with pure antimony films. Electrochromic cycling speed andand silver. INTRODUCTION Electrochromic devices that exhibit

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic interplanetary station Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    existence of an upstream interplanetary shock. Hence, cloud expansion Source: Richardson, John - Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - adenosine ado released Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A, superimposed traces from adenosine (ADO) and null biosensors placed... Figure 4. No ATP detected despite enhanced purine ... Source: Richardson, Magnus - Systems Biology...

  18. A Critical Analysis of Technological Innovation and Economic Development in Southern California's Urban Water Reuse And Recycling Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilip-Florea, Shadrach Jay

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Richardson, Mark 2009. Siemens Water Technologies Company2011. www. 3news.co.nz Siemens Water Technologies, 2012.conglomerations, US Filter, now Siemens Water Technologies

  19. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    491 Ex Office State of NCTriangle J COG EE Forest Foundation PMCPVTD 2010 052010 - 042014 S. Richardson Wake Forest, North Carolina Carolina Blue Skies Initiative Install...

  20. Lobbyist Disclosure Form - First Solar | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    First Solar Lobbyist Disclosure Form - First Solar Susan Richardson, Energy Department loan programs chief counsel; Douglas Schultz, Energy Department senior investment officer;...

  1. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY - NETL CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DESIGNATIO...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EE0002565 Maryland Energy Administration EE DE-EE0002565 PMC Power & Vehicle Tech. Div. 2010 S. Richardson 122009 - 112013 1623 Forest Drive, Suite 300, Annapolis, Maryland...

  2. Investigation of White Etching Crack (WEC) Formation Mechanisms...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Investigation of White Etching Crack (WEC) Formation Mechanisms Under Non-hydrogen Charged Test Conditions Presented by Alex Richardson, Afton Chemical (representing University of...

  3. Microsoft Word - Tracking Subgroup Minutes_030606.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Scott Ramsay (State of Wyoming), Marsha Keister (INEEL), Cort Richardson (CSG), Dan Johnson (State of Washington) DOE Support contractors also participated on the call. Action...

  4. Carbon dioxide reuse and sequestration: The state of the art today

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Sally M.; Dorchak, Thomas; Jacobs, Gary; Ekmann, James; Bishop, Jim; Grahame, Thomas

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R.J.H. Richardson, Deep coalbed methane in Alberta, Canada:gas recovery and enhanced coalbed methane recovery. Suitableprojects of enhanced coalbed methane production using CO 2

  5. Behavioral Neuroscienee Copyright 1989 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1989, Vol. 103, No. 1, 36-45 0735-7044/89/$00.75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berridge, Kent

    Geer, 1973; Marshall, Richardson, & Teitelbaum, 1974; Oltmans & Harvey, 1972; Smith, 1976; Stricker & Zigmond (Stricker & Zigmond, 1976, 1978, 1986) that is affected by many stimuli and t

  6. archaeo-eukaryotic primase superfamily: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with gp4 and modulates its multiple Richardson, Charles C. 10 A PROPOSAL FOR THE PIRSF (PIR SUPERFAMILY) CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: A PROPOSAL...

  7. affect synaptic distribution: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pulse arrival at low rates have Richardson, Magnus 3 Factors affecting wild turkey distribution and numbers Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: FACTORS AFFECTING...

  8. acid binding protein: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Richardson, Charles C. 17 Acidic pH Changes Receptor Binding Specificity of Helicobacter pylori: a Binary Adhesion Model in which Surface Heat Shock (Stress) Proteins...

  9. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. Willhite (1998). Enhanced Oil Recovery. Richardson, TX,Deep Offshore Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal CO 2 Flood ExtraNormalized emissions Enhanced oil recovery d low estimate

  10. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. Willhite (1998). Enhanced Oil Recovery. Richardson, TX,Deep Offshore Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal CO 2 Flood ExtraNormalized emissions Enhanced oil recovery d low estimate

  11. EECBG Success Story: Big Savings for Texas City with Energy Monitoring...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Act, the city of Richardson, Texas is creating a baseline: collecting data and monitoring energy usage before investing in more substantial projects. Learn more. Addthis Related...

  12. Climate Action Plan (New Mexico)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recognizing the profound implications that global warming and climate variation could have on the economy, environment and quality of life in the Southwest, New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson...

  13. asymmetric structural features: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of geographic forms and processes. Keywords: Scaling of geographic space, fractal dimension, Richardson plot, nested rank-size plots, and headtail breaks Bin Jiang;...

  14. Microsoft Word - RailTG_Jan16_07_call_minutes.rtf

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Brent Kiser (Ohio PUC), Christina Nelson (NCSL), Cort Richardson (CSGERC), Carlisle Smith (CSGMW), James Stem (UTU), Sarah Wochos (CSGMW) Contractor Support: Ralph Best...

  15. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY - NETL CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DESIGNATIO...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PMC Power & Vehicle Tech. Div. 2010 S. Richardson 122009 - 112013 Frankfort, Kentucky Kentucky Hybrid School Bus Project Performance of project management and associated...

  16. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY - NETL CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DESIGNATIO...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PMC Power & Vehicle Tech. Div. 2010 S. Richardson 122009 - 112013 Louisville, Kentucky Kentucky Hybrid School Bus Project Performance of project management and associated...

  17. NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Vehicle Tech. Div. 2010 S. Richardson 122009 - 112013 216 LEC Road, Pickens, SC Propane Corridor Development Program Installation of propane fueling infrastructure to...

  18. NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Tech. Div. 2010 S. Richardson 122009 - 112013 644 Keith Drive, Greenville, SC Propane Corridor Development Program Installation of propane fueling infrastructure to...

  19. Spatial Distribution of Soil Properties in Water Conservation Area 3 of the Everglades Gregory L. Bruland, Sabine Grunwald,* Todd Z. Osborne, K. Ramesh Reddy, and Susan Newman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    . Bruland, Sabine Grunwald,* Todd Z. Osborne, K. Ramesh Reddy, and Susan Newman ABSTRACT The need and abiotic factors (Bruland and Richardson, 2004; Grunwald et al., 2006a). Consequently, existing landscape extent and distribution (DeBusk et al., 1994; Newman et al., 1997; Bruland and Richardson, 2005

  20. Z-Tiles: Building Blocks for Modular, Pressure-Sensing Floorspaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z-Tiles: Building Blocks for Modular, Pressure-Sensing Floorspaces Bruce Richardson, Krispin Leydon, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland {bruce.richardson | krispin.leydon | mikael.fernstrom}@ul.ie Joseph acting parallel to the z axis. Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). CHI 2004, April 24-29, 2004

  1. Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Daniel C.

    Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction Daniel C. Richardson Department Department 420 Jordan Hall Stanford, CA 94305 #12;Eye movements in Language and Cognition ­ Richardson, Dale & Spivey 2 The role of eye movements in the visual system The eye independently evolved over 40 times

  2. The Solar Wind and Its Interaction with the Interstellar Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    outward through the solar system and interacts with the interstellar neutrals which slow and heat the wind. The arrows in the top panel show the flow of the solar wind and the interstellar J. D. Richardson CenterThe Solar Wind and Its Interaction with the Interstellar Medium John D. Richardson Abstract

  3. A GIS-based Hydraulic Bulking Factor Map for New Mexico Gallegos, J.B.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cal, Mark P.

    1 A GIS-based Hydraulic Bulking Factor Map for New Mexico Gallegos, J.B.1 ; Richardson, C and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech, 801 Leroy Place Socorro, NM, 87801, joeyg@nmt.edu 2 Clinton P. Richardson, P.E., BCEE, Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech 801 Leroy

  4. Gridlock in 2030?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmalensee, Richard

    A few years ago, former Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson characterized the U.S. electric grid, the system of physical and human systems linking generators to loads, as third-world. 1 More recently, others have claimed ...

  5. Comparison of Soil Phosphorus Storage in the Ridge and Slough Landscape in Water Conservation Area 3A (WCA3A) of the Everglades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    landscape (Ogden 2005; Bruland et al., 2007; Richardson 2010). Prior to drainage, the water input are found (Bruland et al., 2007). Ridges are generally monotonically covered in Cladium and are oriented

  6. Mean Hilbert Envelope Coefficients (MHEC) for Robust Speaker Recognition Seyed Omid Sadjadi, Taufiq Hasan, and John H.L. Hansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Dallas, University of

    Hasan, and John H.L. Hansen Center for Robust Speech Systsems (CRSS) Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080-3021, USA {sadjadi, taufiq.hasan

  7. Wildland Fire Safety Enhancements

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OPERATIONS OFFICE MANAGERS DOE FUXD OFFICE MANAGERS BILL RIcHARDsoN L%@ WILDLAND FIRE SAFETY ENHAN&MENTS By memorandum dated October 22000, I directed several actions & part of a...

  8. Scandalous Figures: Authorial Self in Eliza Haywood, Laurence Sterne, Charlotte Smith, and Lord Byron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campion, Amy Thomas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    had recently printed Samuel Johnsons Rasselas, was to writeas Garricks friend Samuel Johnson. Briggs suggests thatliterary men, such as Samuel Johnson or Samuel Richardsonas

  9. asteroids eros gaspra: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the elastic response of rock Richardson Jr., James E. 33 Mirror matter in the solar system: New evidence for mirror matter from Eros HEP - Phenomenology (arXiv) Summary:...

  10. Statistical semantic processing using Markov logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meza-Ruiz, Ivan Vladimir

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Markov Logic (ML) is a novel approach to Natural Language Processing tasks [Richardson and Domingos, 2006; Riedel, 2008]. It is a Statistical Relational Learning language based on First Order Logic (FOL) and Markov ...

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - associes au code Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at 1 AU during 1999 (Fig. 1a) are associ- ated... AU in Figure 1b is associated with a broad increase ... Source: Richardson, John - Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space...

  12. JOHNSON PARK RUTGERS GOLF COURSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Stephen José

    JOHNSON PARK RUTGERS GOLF COURSE MITCHELL AVE TOOLANST HOES LN MARIONCT HOES LN W GATES AVE RIVER McCormick Hall Richardson Apartments Russell Apartments Johnson Apartments Waksman Greenhouse Civil

  13. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Diffusion Tensor Tractography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    with dichotomized long-term outcome in pediatric patients with TBI.11 A novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, Richardson (Ms Wang and Drs Bakhadirov and Abdi); and Departments of Radiology (Drs Devous, McColl, W

  14. Barriers to E ective Process Architecture | An Experience Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    Transmission System Transmission Development Division Richardson TX 75082 favdandektddcae99.fnts.comg Dewayne E principles learned about process architectures and generic processes. Keywords: process system architecture, generic process principles, process architecture principles, process system architecture problems 1

  15. Extension Program Council's Executive Board.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Mary G.; Richardson, Burl B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~IB-134'-! II"I~ I~? Extension Program Council's Executive Board Mary G. Marshall and Burl B. Richardson Extension Program Development Specialists The Extension Program Council works with Extension agents to plan, implement, evaluate...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - argentine ant linepithema Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for: argentine ant linepithema Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology: The Legacy of Charles Elton, 1st edition. Edited by David M. Richardson 2011 by...

  17. Feedback in the Emergency Medicine Clerkships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Aaron W; Kman, Nicholas E; Khandelwal, Sorabh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4. Branch WT, Paranjape A. Feedback and reflection: teachingDA, Choo EK. Providing feedback in the emergency department.26. Richardson BK. Feedback. Acad Emerg Med. 2004;11:1283e1

  18. Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Annual Merit Review FY 2008 TJRichardson BATT Task 1.2 Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines BATT Task 1.2 Thomas J. Richardson Environmental Energy Technologies...

  19. Rapid electron exchange between surface-exposed bacterial cytochromes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phase iron respiration. Citation: White GF, Z Shi, L Shi, Z Wang, A Dohnalkova, MJ Marshall, JK Fredrickson, JM Zachara, JN Butt, D Richardson, and TA Clarke.2013."Rapid...

  20. angle measurement planes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P;...

  1. au ag cu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reuter, M; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Romana, A; Rosati, M 2011-01-01 31 Production of omega...

  2. au-cu nanocrystalliine coatings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reuter, M; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Romana, A; Rosati, M 2011-01-01 11 Production of omega...

  3. aspect ratio au: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P;...

  4. au-au source size: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rembeczki, S; Reygers, K; Reynolds, D; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Riveli, N; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P; Rowan,...

  5. allemande relative au: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reuter, M; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Romana, A; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E;...

  6. au cea presentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P;...

  7. New Mexico State University Department of Animal & Range Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    , Colleen Richardson, Michael Marricle, Sarah Lopez, Laura Hernandez, and Tim Ross (graduate student Halalsheh*, Lily Yates, Dustin Yates, A. F. Montoya, and Tim Ross "Supplemental branched- chain amino acids

  8. THE INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STUDY Founded by Mr. Louis Bamberqer-and Mrs. Felix Fuld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . RICHARDSON Assistant Secretary : LEAH HARRIS iv v #12;SCHOOL OF HUMANISTIC STUDIESSTAFF OF THE INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICS Professors EDWARD MEAD EARLE WINFIELD W. RIEFLER WALTER W . STEWART ROBERT B. WARREN

  9. Microalgae Cultivation using Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiley, Patrick Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Richardson, J. Malinowski, C. Beal, M. Claxton, E. Geiger,37, 834 (1991). C. M. Beal, R. E. Hebner, M. E. Webber, R.Research 5, 341 (2012). C. M. Beal et al. , Comprehensive

  10. January 18, 2011 Issue No. 22 OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    will be "co-co-chaired" by Reps. Peter Buckley (D-Ashland) and Dennis Richardson (R-Central Point). For a line Johnson (D-Scappoose), Vice-Chair Sen. Alan C Bates (D-Ashland) Sen. Chris Edwards (D-Springfield/N Eugene Winters (R-W Salem) Rep. Peter Buckley (D-Ashland), Co-Chair Rep. Dennis Richardson (R-Central Point), Co

  11. Institutional processes affecting the provision of water resources for public recreational use in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, William Earl

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THE PROVISION OF WATER RESOURCES FOR PUBLIC RECREATIO'NAL USE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM EARI RICHARDSON Submitted to the Graduate College cf Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THE PROVISION OF WATER RESOURCES FOR PUBLIC RECREATIONAL USE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM EARL RICHARDSON Approved...

  12. Imaging of semiconductors using a flying laser spot scanning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Thomas William

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wider range of opera- ting capabilities than previously obtainable. ELECTRO SCIENTIFIC INDUSTRIES (ESI) of PORTLAND, OREGON markets the Model 44 as a computer controlled micro-machining system, whose primary function is fine geometry material removal...='SWH' THEN BEGIN 'MRITELN; MRITELN('SQ AT ', SXT:8, SYT:8); ELSE IF WORD='RUN' THEN GO ELSE UNTIL FALSE; WRITELN('222222222'); 50 VITA Thomas William Richardson was born September 1, 1943 to Mr. and Mrs. William T. Richardson in Portland, Oregon...

  13. Ratings of Commercial Grain Sorghum Hybrids to the Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horne, C. Wendell; Frederiksen, Richard A.; Toler, Robert W.; Trampota, Jerry D.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Cargill 5665 Intermediate 57. Horizon H -840 Tolerant 14. Cargill 6658 Tolerant 58. Horizon H-850 Intermediate 15. Cargill C 55 Susceptible 59. Horizon H -940 Susceptible 16. Cargill C 60 Tolerant 60. Horizon H-95G Tolerant 17. Cargill 0 70... Susceptible 81. Northrup King 2670 Susceptible 44. OeKalb M-565 Intermediate 82. Richardson Y-100 A Tolerant Maize dwarf Maize dwarf Number / company /hybrid mosaic virus Number/company /hybrid mosaic virus 83. Richardson Y-300 D Tolerant 116. Taylor...

  14. Transition Metal Switchable Mirror

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The switchable-mirrors technology was developed by Tom Richardson and Jonathan Slack of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. By using transition metals rather than the rare earth metals used in the first metal-hydride switchable mirrors, Richardson and Slack were able to lower the cost and simplify the manufacturing process. Energy performance is improved as well, because the new windows can reflect or transmit both visible and infrared light. Besides windows for offices and homes, possible applications include automobile sunroofs, signs and displays, aircraft windows, and spacecraft. More information at: http://windows.lbl.gov/materials/chromogenics/default.htm

  15. Transition Metal Switchable Mirror

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The switchable-mirrors technology was developed by Tom Richardson and Jonathan Slack of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. By using transition metals rather than the rare earth metals used in the first metal-hydride switchable mirrors, Richardson and Slack were able to lower the cost and simplify the manufacturing process. Energy performance is improved as well, because the new windows can reflect or transmit both visible and infrared light. Besides windows for offices and homes, possible applications include automobile sunroofs, signs and displays, aircraft windows, and spacecraft.

  16. A Phase Diagram of Low Temperature Epitaxial Silicon Grown by Hot-wire Chemical Vapor Deposition for Photovoltaic Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    for Photovoltaic Devices Christine Esber Richardson, Brendan M. Kayes, Matthew J. Dicken, and Harry A. Atwater-grained templates is one strategy for the fast, low- temperature growth of large-grained films with hydrogen). Figure 1: Schematic of proposed photovoltaic device incorporating epitaxial Si growth on a large

  17. Bibliography Ackley, D. H., Hinton, G. E., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1985). A learning algorithm for Boltzmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaut, David C.

    , NJ. Barry, C. & Richardson, J. T. E. (1988). Accounts of oral reading in deep dyslexia. In Whitaker dyslexia: Evidence from brain- damaged and normal subjects and from a computational model. PhD thesis, Department of Psychology, Univerity of Toronto. Behrmann, M. & Bub, D. (in press). Surface dyslexia

  18. Ambassadors Bill and Madonna Bond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    Wiertelak Platinum Tiger $25,000+ Dr. M. Brent Addington Dr. Charles Arkin Armstrong Relocation Emile. Perdue Dr. Barry Phillips Joyce Phillips Dr. Robert L. Richardson, Jr. Roadshow BMW Mike Rose Hardin. Lit Jere & Angie McGuffee Phillip McNeill Mr. & Mrs. Paul Padawer Mr. & Mrs. Charles H. Parker Woody

  19. TIGER SCHOLARSHIP FUND Donors to the Tiger Scholarship Fund contributed $6,600,000.00 in 2012-2013 toward student-athlete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    $25,0000+ Dr. M. Brent Addington Armstrong Relocation Barmor Properties Emile and Carole Bizot Imec Joyce Phillips Amy and Bill Rhodes Dr. Robert L. Richardson, Jr. Roadshow BMW Mike Rose Regional. Janice L. Kolb Konica Minolta Mr. & Mrs. Lester F. Lit Jere & Angie McGuffee Phillip McNeill Mr. & Mrs

  20. STUDENT SENATE MINUTES February 26, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    present. Not there for roll call: Ashgar Quintana Swink Brockman Richardson Tiramai Divaker Rodriguez Wang, Cory, Susan, Dylan, James Tyger, Teressa, and Jessica. Finished his resignation speech with saying needs to serve constituents. Thanked Juan Rodriguez. - Senator Oyler- Said that she has always had

  1. Sedimentation and basin-fill history of the Neogene clastic succession exposed in the southeastern fold belt of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    -water base-of-slope clastics overlain by thick slope mud that passes upward into shallow marine and nearshore at Dallas, 2601 North Floyd Road, Richardson, TX 75038-0688, USA. www.elsevier.com/locate/sedgeo Sedimentary and exploitation strategy for hydrocarbon plays that may prove vital to the oil companies engaged in exploration

  2. Habitat Use524 in UK-stranded harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Environ.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acevedo, Alejandro

    , 238­248. Kenney, R. D., Payne, P. M., Heinemann, D. W., and Winn, H. E. (1996). Shifts in northeast. Sci. 17, 206­212. Nowacek, D. P., Thorne, L. P., Johnston, D. W., and Tyack, P. L. (2007). Responses, DC. Richardson, W. J., Greene, C. R., Jr., Malme, C. I., and Thomson, D. H. (1995). "Marine Mammals

  3. Service Organization Description of Service SOM Organization/Affiliation Contact Date/Duration Gentiva Hospice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Gallagher or Brittany Rodgers Nov. 2008 Epworth Children's Home babysitting service for families w/ children w/ special needs Kay Richardson 1 Sat. per month Juvenile Diabetes ResearchJuvenile abet Research Foundation annual fundraiser w American Medical alk American Me Medical Stud Association &dical

  4. Precambrian Research, 46 (1990) 259-272 259 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam --Printed in The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ,Richardson, TX 75083-0688(U.S.A.) CYNTHIA J. GWINN* ARCO Oil and Gas Company, Research and Technical Services that three distinct reservoirs were available for generation of ESS intrusive carbonates: (1) sedimentary carbonates, with moderately high 87Sr/ 86Srand heavy C and O; (2) depleted mantle, with low 87Sr/S6Srand

  5. Compact 2D nonlinear photonic crystal source of beamlike path entangled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arie, Ady

    the generation of entangled photons with controlled spatial, spectral and polarization properties. 2013 Optical, 43374341 (1995). 2. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions4139 (1998). 12. N. Broderick, G. Ross, H. Offerhaus, D. Richardson, and D. Hanna, "Hexagonally poled lithium

  6. Government User Session Translation Memory TechnologyTranslation Memory Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    Rachael Richardson Tucker Maney Naval Research Laboratory Carol Van Ess-Dykema Susan Converse John S Requirements for Multi-Genre Translation · Motivations for TM Technology Assessment · Pilot Study · ResultsPoint slides, etc. #12;Government User Session Translation Memory Technology Assessment: Pilot Study Goals

  7. Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. #12;LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan in the optical absorption edge compared with pure antimony films. Electrochromic cycling speed and stability

  8. WaveTurbulence Interactions in a Breaking Mountain Wave CRAIG C. EPIFANIO AND TINGTING QIAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy budget for the wave shows that the turbulence production is almost entirely due to the mean shear Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (Manuscript received 15 May. Most of the production is at the top of the leeside shooting flow, where the mean-flow Richardson

  9. SPEECH UNDER PHYSICAL STRESS: A PRODUCTION-BASED FRAMEWORK Sanjay Patil, Abhijeet Sangwan, and John H. L. Hansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Dallas, University of

    SPEECH UNDER PHYSICAL STRESS: A PRODUCTION-BASED FRAMEWORK Sanjay Patil, Abhijeet Sangwan, and John, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, U.S.A. ABSTRACT This paper examines the impact of physical. Additionally, this work connects high-level prosodic changes in the speech signal (energy, pitch, and duration

  10. AUDIO-VISUAL ISOLATED DIGIT RECOGNITION FOR WHISPERED SPEECH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busso, Carlos

    .L. Hansen Center for Robust Speech Systems(CRSS) University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083 xxf circum- stances to protect personal privacy. Due to the absence of periodic excitation in the production. Therefore, performance of speech recognition systems trained with high energy voiced phonemes, degrades

  11. The global nature of solar cycle variations of the solar wind dynamic pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    1 The global nature of solar cycle variations of the solar wind dynamic pressure John Richardson: SOLAR WIND DYNAMIC PRESSURE #12;2 Abstract. The solar wind dynamic pressure measured near the ecliptic varies over the solar cycle. A major unanswered question has been whether this variation is a global

  12. Control Humidity With Single-Duct, Single-Zone, Constant Air Volume System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H. L.; Claridge, D. E.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lecture hall of the Richardson Petroleum Building at Texas A&M University is a large lecture hall, with a total floor area of approximately 2500 ft^2. The lecture hall was served by a constant air volume (CAV) air handling unit (AHU) which had...

  13. Is Commissioning Once Enough?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D.E.; Turner, W.D.; Liu, M.; Deng, S.; Wei, G.; Culp, C.H.; Chen, H.; Cho, S.Y.

    Building $ 283,407 $ 76,003 $ 56,738 Eller O&M Building $ 315,404 $ 120,339 $ 89,934 Harrington Tower $ 145,420 $ 64,498 $ 48,816 Koldus Building $ 192,019 $ 57,076 $ 61,540 Richardson Petroleum Building $ 273,687 $ 120,745 $120,666 Veterinary...

  14. JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2008 1439 Schottky Barrier Contact-Based RF MEMS Switch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jeong-Bong

    is with Raytheon Company, Dallas, TX 75243 USA, and also with The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080 USA (e-mail: b-pillans@raytheon.com). F. Morris and G. Frazier are with Raytheon Company, Dallas, TX 75243 USA. P. Chahal was with Raytheon Company, Dallas, TX 75243 USA. He is now with Abbott

  15. Annual Report 2009-2010 Sustaining the Momentum: The Impact of Private Gifts and Grants at the UVa School of ArchitectureFiscal Year July 1, 2009 -June 30, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    -officio) David P. Howerton, 1974 BUEP Daniel P. Jordan, Jr., 1970 PhD, GSAS Frank D. Kittredge, Jr., 1978 BSArch, Past President Leslie S. Klein, 1982 BSArch Marie L. Knowles James B. Orthwein, Jr. Reuben M. Rainey, 1978 MLA Lisa A. Reilly (ex-officio) Matthew L. Richardson, 1981 BUEP, 1985 Darden, Treasurer Stuart N

  16. COMPLEMENTI DI CALCOLO NUMERICO (2 CFU = 1 in aula + 1 in laboratorio)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vianello, Marco

    COMPLEMENTI DI CALCOLO NUMERICO (2 CFU = 1 in aula + 1 in laboratorio) Corso di Laurea di precondizionamento, analisi di convergenza, il metodo di Richardson e il metodo del gradiente (precondizionati); fattorizzazione QR, applicazione alla soluzione di sistemi sovradeterminati con il metodo dei

  17. Hydrogen Storage atHydrogen Storage at Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    materials ­Advanced diagnostic characterization ­Modeling #12;Metal Hydrides · Research on thin-film metal hydrides for control of window optical properties (Tom Richardson) ­Presence/absence of hydrogen switches window from transparent to reflective · Fundamental understanding of the complex solid state chemistry

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, APRIL 2014 901 used in our analysis, and strong assumptions (but standard) have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    . Alexander, L. Tonachel, and C. Clark, "En- vironmental assessment of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles volume 1: Nationwide greenhouse gas emissions," Electric Power Research Institute and Natural Resources­53, 2009. [4] P. Richardson, D. Flynn, and A. Keane, "Optimal charging of electric vehicles in low voltage

  19. Rank-r latent models for cross-covariance Jacob A. Wegelin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Rank-r latent models for cross-covariance Jacob A. Wegelin Thomas S. Richardson University of Gaussian rank-r latent models for cross-covariance. We show by construction that any variance-covariance matrix for the ob- served variables induced by rank-r reduced-rank regression can be induced by a rank

  20. 31. T. Church, Nature 380, 579 (1996). 32. W. Moore, ibid., p. 612.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    , in Eutrophication in Coastal Marine Ecosystems, B. Jorgen- son and K. Richardson, Eds. (American Geophysical Union, Eds., Eutrophication and Algal Blooms in North Sea Coastal Zones, the Baltic Sea and Adjacent Areas., Eutrophication-Related Phenomena in the Adriatic Sea and in Other Mediterranean Coastal Zones, Water Pollution

  1. C. D. Sorensen Department of Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    . Weld pool oscillations were measured through signal processing of arc voltage and current and Richardson (1983) used the AC component of the arc voltage as an indicator of the weld pool oscillations Engineering Brigham Young University, Provo. UT 84602 Modeling of Oscillations in Partially Penetrated Weld

  2. An Integrated Framework for Planning and Control of Semi-Autonomous Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Andrew Jacob

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems, plenary talk, [104] C Zhao, W Xiang, and P Richardson. Vehicle Lateral Control and Yawyaw inertia of 3344 Kg/m 2 . The controllers were run in a dSPACE Autobox system,system needs in order to operate. This can include vehicle states such as velocity and yaw

  3. Regeneration and pattern formation -an interview with Susan Bryant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuong, Cheng-Ming

    Regeneration and pattern formation - an interview with Susan Bryant MICHAEL K. RICHARDSON*,1 Susan Bryant is one of the leading researchers in regeneration and pattern formation. Born in England, are seen by Susan Bryant as central to patterning. She argues that fibroblasts express positional values

  4. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 483 Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Ursula

    , and D. J. Richardson are with the Optoelec- tronics Research Center (ORC), University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, U.K. (e-mail: anm@orc.soton.ac.uk; djr@orc.soton.ac.uk). Digital Object Identifier 10

  5. Confocal Image-Based Computational Modeling of Nitric Oxide Transport in a Rat Mesenteric Lymphatic Vessel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, John 1988-

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . I am grateful to all of my friends and colleagues at Texas A&M University who have supported me throughout my time here. In no particular order: Dr. Ellie Rahbar, Dr. Will Richardson, Mohammad Jafarnejad, Samira Jamalian, Meagan Saldua, Jennifer...

  6. Production and Pressure Decline Curves for Wet Gas Sands With Closed Outer Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    . SPE SPE 23442 Production and Pressure Decline Curves for Wet Gas Sands With Closed Outer, Richardson, TX 7S0834S36 U.5A. Telex, 730989 SPEDAL. ABSTRACT A family of pressure and production decline as gas reservoirs which produce substan- tial amounts of water together with ~as. Production of water

  7. Multispectral optical tweezers for molecular diagnostics of single biological cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    ;Multispectral optical tweezers #12;Optical trapping ?particle >> laser : Mie regime approx. by ray opticsMedium : repulsion ?particle >> laser : Mie regime approx. by ray optics ?particle laser : Rayleigh regime, Shima Fardad, Alex Sincore, Marie Vangheluwe, Matthieu Baudelet, Martin Richardson Townes Laser

  8. Type B Accident Investigation Board Report on the March 26, 1999, Worker Injury at the East Tennessee Technology Park Three-Building Decontamination and Decommissioning and Recycle Project Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report is an independent product of the Type B Investigation Board appointed by Steven D. Richardson, Acting Manager, Oak Ridge Operations Office, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Board was appointed to perform a Type B investigation of these incidents and to prepare an investigation report in accordance with DOE Order 225.1A, Accident Investigations.

  9. Department of Microbiology and Cell Science Spring 2012 Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    citri subsp. citri strain Aw 12879 Austin Davis-Richardson Use of statistical data mining in understand targeted oral vaccine for cancer and pathogens Host: Graduate Students April 16, 2012 Microbiology and Cell the role of intercellular signals and proteolytic activities during an invasion by consortia

  10. The atmosphere complex... or simple? Spurred on by the revolution in computer technology and a growing focus on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovejoy, Shaun

    in atmospheric science. It is ironic that thanks to his pioneering book "Weather prediction by numerical process" in 1922, Richardson is much better known as the father of numerical weather prediction than? The surprising answer appears to be both: a recent study of the outputs of numerical weather models shows

  11. Global analysis of satellite tracking data shows that adult green turtles are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Ecology and Conservation, Tremough Campus, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK. E-mail: b.j.godley , L. Pet-Soede11 , Kellie Pendoley12 , Peter B. Richardson1,13 , Alan F. Rees1,14 & Brendan J. Godley1 megavertebrate, Marine Protected Area, satellite tracking, sea turtle. *Correspondence: Brendan J. Godley, Centre

  12. The Institute for Advanced Study Annual Report 1982/83

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by Bruce Campbell #12;It is fundamental to our purpose, and our express desire, that in the appointments Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer RCA Charles L. Brown Chairman of the Board and Chief. Delmas Neic York, New York J. Richardson Dilworth Princeton, New Jersey Sydney D. Drell Lezvis M. Terman

  13. Stimulation of Alexandrium fundyense growth by bacterial assemblages from the Bay of Fundy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rooney-Varga, Juliette N.

    on Alexandrium fundyense str. CB301 growth. Methods and Results: Bacterial assemblages were collected from into axenic CB301 cultures. Bacterial assemblages dramatically enhanced CB301 growth. Retrieval and analysis factors that control Alexandrium distributions (e.g. Anderson et al. 1983, 1990a; Rasmussen and Richardson

  14. Awards and Prizes INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for New Materials James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics Robert Wilson Prize Award for Excellence in Plasma Physics Research Joseph F. Keithley/New Focus Prize Adolph Lomb Medal Archie Mahan Prize C.E.K. Mees Medal David Richardson Medal R. W. Wood

  15. Zevenhoven & Kilpinen SULPHUR 13.6.2001 3-24 3.10 Costs related to FGD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    combustion One of the great benefits of fluidised bed combustion (FBC, 7 Chapter 2) is the option of in of any of the above-mentioned FGD processes can be broken down into fixed and variable operation & maintenance (O & M) costs and fixed capital charge costs (see e.g. Coulson and Richardson, 1993). For a few

  16. Undergraduate Honors Research Projects Assessing Flat Field Quality at the University of Maryland Observatory, David Blankenship,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    , Brett M. Morris, (Derek Richardson) 2012. Neutron Star Radii: Theoretical Tests of Frequency Scattering using HNBody, James Keane, (Douglas P. Hamilton) 2011 Measurements of the Mass and Radius of the Neutron Star 4U 1636-53 Using Millisecond Brightness Oscillations during Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts, Ryan

  17. Research paper Response to broadband repetitive stimuli in auditory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgard, Michael P.

    , USA b The University of Oklahoma, Bioengineering Center, 100 East Boyd St., T-335 Sarkeys Energy School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, GR41 Richardson, TX 75083, USA Received 25 August 2005; received in the central auditory system is essential to understand- ing audition in general and speech processing

  18. Vortex pinning by inhomogeneities in type-II superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Jon

    Vortex pinning by inhomogeneities in type-II superconductors S.J. Chapman #3;y G. Richardson zx of a curvilinear vortex in an inhomogeneous type-II superconducting material in the limit as the vortex core radius of the superconducting electrons acts as a pinning potential for the vortex, so that vortices will be attracted

  19. UNITED STATES ATTORNEY'S OFFICE Southern District of New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , http://www.justice.gov/usao/nys Jerika Richardson (212) 637-2600 NASA OIG FBI Renee Juhans Tim-in-Charge of the New York Office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation ("FBI"), and PAUL MARTIN, the Inspector General' personal security." FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge JANICE K. FEDARCYK said: "The defendants hijacked four

  20. Evaluation and Design of Non-Lethal Laser Dazzlers Utilizing Microcontrollers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Keith

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    _________________________________ Dr. Carl Luchies _________________________________ Dr. Robert Umholtz Date Defended: December 3, 2012 ii The Thesis Committee for Keith Richardson certifies that this is the approved version of the following thesis...: EVALUATION AND DESIGN OF NON-LETHAL LASER DAZZLERS UTILIZING MICROCONTROLLERS _________________________________ Chairperson: Dr. Terry Faddis Date Approved: December 3, 2012 iii ABSTRACT Current non...

  1. Fifth Annual Technical Progress Report ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND EVALUATION OF CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schechter, David S.

    investigation on CO2 gravity in the fractured system, and status report of field activities leading upFifth Annual Technical Progress Report ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND EVALUATION OF CO2 Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering Texas A& M University Richardson 3116 College Station

  2. Age constraints on the formation and emplacement of Neoproterozoic ophiolites along the AllaqiHeiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ­Heiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt K.A. Ali a,d, , M.K. Azer b , H.A. Gahlan c , S.A. Wilde d , M., Richardson, TX 75080, USA b Geology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki-Cairo, Egypt c Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt d Department of Applied Geology

  3. Session Variability Contrasts in the MARP Corpus Keith W. Godin, John H.L. Hansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Dallas, University of

    Speech Systems Univ. of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA godin@ieee.org, john in this area. This frame- work is useful because it relates directly to the framework em- ployed for speaker through a subcontract to RADC Inc. under FA8750-09-C-0067,and partially by the University of Texas

  4. Conceptualising Inventory Prepositioning in the Humanitarian Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Conceptualising Inventory Prepositioning in the Humanitarian Sector Delia Richardson, Sander de chain to reduce delivery time of relief inventory improves responsiveness. This is the essence of inventory pre-positioning (IPP). IPP is yet to be clearly defined; and the main factors affecting IPP

  5. The Deepwater Horizon disaster and wetlands Statement from the Environmental Concerns Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a major spill in 1986. Coastal wetlands in the Gulf of Mexico are also sensitive to oil as are species the Louisiana coastal zone (Richardson and Pahl 2006). The current oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has also and fisheries resources been more clearly demonstrated than in the Gulf Mexico (e.g., Chesney et al. 2000, Crain

  6. Physical explanation of the coupling between 19F nuclei and 3He nuclei on the surface of fluorocarbon spheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of fluorocarbon spheres M. Chapellier Orme/Orsay, Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (*), Bât. 510,91405 Orsay adsorbé à la surface de billes du fluorocarbone. Le mécanisme physique nous semble dû à la présence en, P. J. Millet and R. C. Richardson at the surface of small fluorocarbon particles is mediated

  7. Lero-TR-2009-00-20090727.docx 1//i Evolving Critical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    , for their invaluable comments, suggestions, and feedback, their colleagues in Lero, in particular M. Ali Babar, Goetz, John Hickey, Fergal McCaffery, René Meier, Joseph Morris, Paddy Nixon, Mel ? Cinnéide, Claus Pahl, Norah Power, Aaron Quigley, Ita Richardson, Kevin Ryan, Hesham Shokry, David Sinclair, and Xiaofeng Wang

  8. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 7 Number 1 : Cover, contents, contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    CUSTOMS OF THE BANGNI ~I DAVID W.M. DUNCAN CONTRIBUTORS IN THIS ISSUE- HUGH EDWARD RICHARDSON Held diplomatic assignmf'nts in Lhasa (1936-4- & 194-6-5'0) and Chungking (194-2-4-4-); reputed for linguistic abilites, knows several Asian languages...

  9. Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson Jr., James E.

    conclusion, the team modeled an Eros-like body and calculated "synthetic seismo- grams" for a given impact on the asteroid. Seismicity isn't the only possible explanation, however. Some scientists believe that processes, coats its environs, and erases small craters. While Richardson believes that electro- static transport

  10. ON MODELING UTILITY FOR COOPERATIVE SLOTTED ALOHA GAMES Dandan Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minn, Hlaing

    Minn and Naofal Al-Dhahir Dept. of Electrical Engineering University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, 75083, USA. Emails:{dxw053000, hlaing.minn, aldhahir}@utdallas.edu Dept. of Electrical framework. Index Terms-- Game theory, Aloha, multiuser diversity, pric- ing, medium access control 1

  11. Western Renewable Energy Zones Initiative A joint initiative of the Western Governors'Association and U.S.Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,Washington D.C. Office Rebecca Wagner, Nevada Public Utilities Commission New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson represented by Joanna Prukop, Governor's Office, Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Jason Marks, New Mexico of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Steve Black, U.S. Department of Interior, Office of the Secretary

  12. Environmental Technology Verification Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Technology Verification Program Quality Management Plan (QMP) for the ETV Materials Management and Remediation Center Version 1.0 #12;QUALITY MANAGEMENT PLAN (QMP) for the ETV MATERIALS MANAGEMENT AND REMEDIATION CENTER Version 1.0 (SIGNATURE ON FILE) Teri Richardson 3-13-09 EPA MMR CENTER

  13. Gaye G. Bulut, Graduate Research Assistant, gayegul@nmt.edu, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech, Ridge Park Condo #315,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cal, Mark P.

    and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech, Ridge Park Condo #315, 505 Oppenheimer Dr. Los Alamos, NM, 87544, PH and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech, 801 Leroy Place Socorro, NM, 87801 3 Clint P. Richardson, P.E., BCEE, Professor, h2odoc@nmt.edu, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Mexico Tech 801 Leroy

  14. A survey of Texas information scientists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cleveland, Donald Bruce

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Alma Rd Richardson, 'Texas, 75080 COOK~ MEYER Year of birth: 1915. Citizenship: U. S. Sex: Male. Education: Certificate, Walter Hervey Junior College, 1948; attended Syracuse University, 1948-49; B. A. , New York University, 1951; Special Courses... out of a society suddenly faced with an exponential growth of recorded data and an ever increasing depend- ence on information. This information need has become woven into every fiber of the modern world, all the way from top government down...

  15. Program Building Committee's Central Planning Group.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Burl B.; Marshall, Mary G.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tooe ZTA245.7 8873 Y)O./3~ The Texas A&M (stem r ultural ~ion ~ervrce Damet C Plannstlel. Director College Stallon Program Building Committee's CENTRAL PLANNING GROUP 8-1344 Authors: Burl B. Richardson , Extension Program Specialist... and Mary G. Marshall, Extension Program Specialist Program -Building Committee's CENTRAL PLANNING GROUP This leaflet describes the role of the central planning group in the program development process_ The central planning group is the highest...

  16. FYI: July 6, 1978 - December 21, 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Howard, Marion Howey, George Jerkovich, Sandy Mason, Kent Miller, Pat Mimeau, Rosemary McDonough, Eileen McGrath, Dave Passmore, Debbie Putnaul, Jeanne Richardson, Rod Runyan, John Nugent, Nancy Shawbaker, Tina Spray, Martha Tiday, Norman Wycoff... please type your impressions, ideas, and information from the meetings and send a copy to Margaret Wilson in the Cataloging Dept. Reports will be made available to staff members at the Reference Desk in Watson. TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Rosemary Mc...

  17. Perturbative QCD, a universal QCD scale, long-range spin-orbit potential, and the properties of heavy quarkonia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fulcher, L.P. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio (USA))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A modified version of Richardson's potential is used to calculate the energies, fine-structure splittings, leptonic widths, and dipole transition rates of charmonium and the {Upsilon} system. The effects of the perturbative color-magnetic (spin-dependent) potentials are included to the full radiative one-loop level. The question of the consistency of the data with a universal QCD scale and its expression in the central and spin-dependent potentials is addressed.

  18. Farm-level simulation of alternative resource-conserving production systems for representative crop farms in the Northern Texas High Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Brey, Cristobal J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    irrigated and dryland conditions, and sprinkler irrigation with and without a low energy precision application (LEPA) system. With dryland conditions, participation in the Conservation Reserve Program was evaluated. Farm situations werc. simulated over a... farm program provisions. This latter assumption was adopted in order to assess potential of alternative crop rotations. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I express my sincere appreciation to Dr. James W. Richardson, my advisor and chairman of the committee...

  19. Probability of economic success for Netherlands dairy farmers moving operations to the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Anthony Ray

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    .S., California State University, Fresno Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. James W. Richardson Dairy producers in the Netherlands are struggling to stay in business due to increased environmental legislation, population density, intensity of farming systems..., costs of production and quota restrictions. One option available to Netherlands dairy farmers is to liquidate the value of their assets, put the money into an international bank, and buy an established dairy farm in the United States. The primary...

  20. Water Rules: In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    installing rainwater systems. Richardson requires a permit for rainwater harvesting systems that collect #22;#30;#30; or more gallons of rainwater to ensure proper installation, as those systems typically require some sort of electrical and plumbing... rainwater harvesting rebates and conducting free irrigation system audits. Municipalities are also working to increase in-home conservation by o#17;ering free toilets and showerheads, plumbing repair programs and free water system check-ups. Water...

  1. Identifying Patterns of Relationships between Professional Development and Professional Culture with Texas High School Science Teachers and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruebush, Laura Elizabeth

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    development (PD) to ensure that teachers remain current with both their content and pedagogical content knowledge (Wei, Darling-Hammond, & Adamson, 2010). Introduction to Professional Development and Professional Culture Professional Development...., 2001; Joyce & Showers, 2002; Loucks-Horsley et al., 2003). Several researchers have synthesized characteristics useful in identifying high- quality PD (e.g., Darling-Hammond, Wei, Andree, Richardson, & Orphanos, 2009; Garet et al., 2001; Desimone et...

  2. An investigation of the relationships between mountain waves and clear air turbulence encountered by the XB-70 airplane in the stratosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Incrocci, Thomas Paul

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . , . . . ~ . ~ INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEM Theory of Mountain Waves Mountain Waves and Clear Air Turbulence (CAT). Page iv v vi viii The Vertical Propagation and Transfer of Energy of Mountain Waves into the Stratosphere The Influence of Wind... and Stability on Profiles of the Scorer Parameter and the Richardson Number. ANALYSES OF DATA 20 Grouping of Data 20 Aircraft 20 Meteorological 23 Analytical Results The Normal Wind Component at 700 mb The 700? to 500-mb Lapse Rate of Temperature...

  3. Frataxin (FXN) Based Regulation of the Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabb, Jennifer

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ASSEMBLY ........................................................................... 25 II FRIENDREICH?S ATAXIA VARIANTS I154F AND W155R DIMINISH FRATAXIN-BASED ACTIVATION OF THE HUMAN IRON SULFUR CLUSTER ASSEMBLY COMPLEX... with permission from Darius J. R. Lane and Des R. Richardson (2010) Frataxin, a molecule of mystery: trading stability for function in its iron-binding site Biochem. J., 426(2) e1-e3. Copyright the Biochemical Society....................................... 12...

  4. Factors affecting the lipase activity of milk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tallamy, Paul Thomas

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inhibit lipase. Citrate, acetate, and phthalate buffers impaired the enzymic activity, but borate and barbiturate buffers did not (6, 72). The interaction of formaldehyde with milk lipase has been studied by some investigators (56, 67) . Tarassuk... and Richardson (67) reported that aging of milk containing formaldehyde nullified the inhibitory effect of formaldehyde. Schwartz et al, (56) observed that the extent of inhibition of milk lipase by formaldehyde depends upon the time formaldehyde is added...

  5. Mark your calendars to attend these events Want your events noted here? Make sure they are entered in the VPIMS Calendar!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    ; 2301 A VUH Topic: Intro to Anesthesia--Dr. Richardson 9:00a11:00a Anesthesia Knowledge Test (Group 1); 2301 A VUH 12:30p2:30p Anesthesia Knowledge Test (Group 2); 2301 A VUH 3:00p4:00p CA 1 Topic: Overview of Rota on--Dr. Mathews 8:00a4:00p Regional Anesthesia & Acute Pain Course; 4648 TVC

  6. A comparison of human resource management strategies between two corporate owned cattle feeding entities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Robert Douglas

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A COMPARISON OF HUM''&l' RESOURCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES BETWEEN TWO CORPORATE OWNED CATTLE FEEDING ENTITIES A Professional Paper by Robert Douglas Richardson Submitted as Partial Fulfillment of the Professional Internstudy Requirements... resource management is neglected and looked upon as an irrelevant responsibility for managers. As a result of this type of business strategy, many smaller organizations lose their ability to contend in the marketplace. The fallacies of this attitude can...

  7. Protecting a University's Wireless Data Network with the WPA and VPN Security Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saksupakul, Rattanachai

    2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    .11i standard as a security solution will require a major change in the wireless network elements and wireless terminals due to the cryptographic overhead of AES. Gast, M. S. (2002). 802.11 Wireless Networks: The Definitive Guide. Sebastopol, CA..., IN: Cisco Press. Gast, M. S. (2002). 802.11 Wireless Networks: The Definitive Guide. Sebastopol, CA: O?Reilly & Associates, Inc. Gordon, L. A., Loeb, M. P., Lucyshyn, W., & Richardson, R. (2006). CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey...

  8. The flow of rivers into lakes: Experiments and models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogg, Charles

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    with gravity currents . . . . . 72 3.6 Generalised basins with power law shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 3.7 Comparison of different basin mixing models . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 4 Laboratory Apparatus and Techniques 77 4.1 Design of apparatus... gravity currents, E varies as a function of the bulk Richardson number, Ri, the dimensionless ratio of the stabilising gravitational potential energy of the current to the destabilising kinetic energy. Different forms of the function E(Ri) have been...

  9. Richland, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies (EC-LEDS) |Richardson,

  10. Energy Conservation and Second-Order Statistics in Stably Stratified Turbulent Boundary Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor S. L'vov; Itamar Procaccia; Oleksii Rudenko

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the dynamical and statistical description of stably stratified turbulent boundary layers with the important example of the atmospheric boundary layer with a stable temperature stratification in mind. Traditional approaches to this problem, based on the profiles of mean quantities, velocity second-order correlations, and dimensional estimates of the turbulent thermal flux run into a well known difficulty, predicting the suppression of turbulence at a small critical value of the Richardson number, in contradiction with observations. Phenomenological attempts to overcome this problem suffer from various theoretical inconsistencies. Here we present an approach taking into full account all the second-order statistics, which allows us to respect the conservation of total mechanical energy. The analysis culminates in an analytic solution of the profiles of all mean quantities and all second-order correlations removing the unphysical predictions of previous theories. We propose that the approach taken here is sufficient to describe the lower parts of the atmospheric boundary layer, as long as the Richardson number does not exceed an order of unity. For much higher Richardson numbers the physics may change qualitatively, requiring careful consideration of the potential Kelvin-Helmoholtz waves and their interaction with the vortical turbulence.

  11. Effect of wind speed on the growth of the upper convective zone in a solar pond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMinn, Steven Lee

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    LIST OF FIGURES CHAPTER Page 111 Vi I INTRODUCTION LITERATURE REVIEW III EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS IV RESULTS 14 21 V ENTRAINMENT AS A FUNCTION OF RICHARDSON NUMBER 32 VI CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 44 REFERENCES APPENDIX 1 APPENDIX 2... speed. 11. Thickness of UCZ for 9. 6 m/s wind speed. 12. Thickness of UCZ for 15. 0 m/s wind speed. 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 13. Horizontal and vertical coordinates of 25 locations for measuring cross section air velocities. . . . . . 59 14. Air...

  12. Modeling and Characterization of Lymphatic Vessels Using a Lumped Parameter Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamalian Ardakani, Seyedeh Samira 1987-

    2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    and lymphatic biomechanics lab, John Wilson, Drs. Elaheh Rahbar, Will Richardson, and Danika Hyman. I want to thank my parents, Nooshin and Mohammad, for their unconditional love and support throughout my life, even when my decisions were not the easiest... for them. Special thanks go to my brother, Nima, for always making me smile even from thousands of miles away. Last but definitely not least, there are not enough words to thank my husband, my best friend, my lab mate, Mohammad Jafarnejad, for all...

  13. Farm-level economic impacts of the House of Representatives Farm Bill Proposal, H.R. 2646, and the Senate Farm Bill Proposal, S. 1731, for representative rice farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Christy Michelle

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements lor I he degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2002 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics FARM-LEVEL ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES FARM BILL PROPOSAL, H. R... as to style and content by: t lc James Richardson (Chair of Co ii. ie David Anderson (Member) Clai Nix (M mber ~Gene Nelson (Head of Department] August 2002 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ABSTRACT Farm-Iwvei Economic Impacts of the House...

  14. Benchmarks for the point kinetics equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapol, B. [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering (United States); Picca, P. [Department of Systems and Industrial Engineering, University of Arizona (United States); Previti, A.; Mostacci, D. [Laboratorio di Montecuccolino Alma Mater Studiorum, Universita di Bologna (Italy)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new numerical algorithm is presented for the solution to the point kinetics equations (PKEs), whose accurate solution has been sought for over 60 years. The method couples the simplest of finite difference methods, a backward Euler, with Richardsons extrapolation, also called an acceleration. From this coupling, a series of benchmarks have emerged. These include cases from the literature as well as several new ones. The novelty of this presentation lies in the breadth of reactivity insertions considered, covering both prescribed and feedback reactivities, and the extreme 8- to 9- digit accuracy achievable. The benchmarks presented are to provide guidance to those who wish to develop further numerical improvements. (authors)

  15. Richmond, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies (EC-LEDS) |Richardson,Richmond

  16. SPINTHIR: An ignition model for gas turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neophytou, A; Mastorakos, E

    2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    MCS 7 Chia Laguna, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, September 11-15, 2011 A PRACTICAL MODEL FOR THE HIGH-ALTITUDE RELIGHT OF A GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR A. Neophytou*,1, E. Mastorakos*, E.S. Richardson**, S. Stow*** and M. Zedda*** em257@eng... geometries is given. In this section, the main concepts of the model are repeated for clarity and the CFD solution of the gas turbine combustor is briefly presented. 2.1 Model description: main idea The model aims at representing the possible...

  17. Passive localization of acoustic sources in media with non-constant sound velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Thomas Scott

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . S. Norris. (Univ. of Calif. , Berkeley, CA), pp. 510-527. Bowles, A. E. , Sumultea, M. , Wursig, B, , DeMaster, D. P. , and Palka, D. (1994). "Relative abundance and behavior of marine mammals exposed to transmissions from the Heard Island.... S. Natl. Res. Counc, , Ocean Stud. Board, Committee on Low- Frequency Sound and Marine Mammals. Green, D. M. , DeFerrari, H. A. , McFadden, D. , Pearse, J. S. , Popper, A. N. , Richardson, W. J. , Ridgway, S. H. , and Tyack, P. L, , (Natl. Acad...

  18. Discretization error estimation and exact solution generation using the method of nearby problems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, Andrew J. (Auburn University Auburn, AL); Raju, Anil (Auburn University Auburn, AL); Kurzen, Matthew J. (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA); Roy, Christopher John (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA); Phillips, Tyrone S. (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA)

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Method of Nearby Problems (MNP), a form of defect correction, is examined as a method for generating exact solutions to partial differential equations and as a discretization error estimator. For generating exact solutions, four-dimensional spline fitting procedures were developed and implemented into a MATLAB code for generating spline fits on structured domains with arbitrary levels of continuity between spline zones. For discretization error estimation, MNP/defect correction only requires a single additional numerical solution on the same grid (as compared to Richardson extrapolation which requires additional numerical solutions on systematically-refined grids). When used for error estimation, it was found that continuity between spline zones was not required. A number of cases were examined including 1D and 2D Burgers equation, the 2D compressible Euler equations, and the 2D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The discretization error estimation results compared favorably to Richardson extrapolation and had the advantage of only requiring a single grid to be generated.

  19. Isothermal kinetics of new Albany oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, S.D.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the development of technologies for the utilization of eastern U.S. oil shales, fluidized bed pyrolysis technology is emerging as one of the most promising in terms of oil yield, operating cost, and capital investment. Bench-scale testing of eastern shales has reached a level where scale-up represents the next logical step in the evolution of this technology. A major consideration in this development and an essential part of any fluidized bed reactor scale-up effort--isothermal kinetics-- has largely been ignored for eastern US shale with the exception of a recent study conducted by Richardson et al. with a Cleveland shale. The method of Richardson et al. was used previously by Wallman et al. with western shale and has been used most recently by Forgac, also with western shale. This method, adopted for the present study, entails injecting a charge of shale into a fluidized bed and monitoring the hydrocarbon products with a flame ionization detector (FID). Advantages of this procedure are that fluidized bed heat-up effects are simulated exactly and real-time kinetics are obtained due to the on-line FID. Other isothermal methods have suffered from heat-up and cool-down effects making it impossible to observe the kinetics at realistic operating temperatures. A major drawback of the FID approach, however, is that no differentiation between oil and gas is possible.

  20. Energy- and flux-budget turbulence closure model for stably stratified flows. Part II: the role of internal gravity waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. S. Zilitinkevich; T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; V. L'vov; I. Rogachevskii

    2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We advance our prior energy- and flux-budget turbulence closure model (Zilitinkevich et al., 2007, 2008) for the stably stratified atmospheric flows and extend it accounting for additional vertical flux of momentum and additional productions of turbulent kinetic energy, turbulent potential energy (TPE) and turbulent flux of potential temperature due to large-scale internal gravity waves (IGW). Main effects of IGW are following: the maximal value of the flux Richardson number (universal constant 0.2-0.25 in the no-IGW regime) becomes strongly variable. In the vertically homogeneous stratification, it increases with increasing wave energy and can even exceed 1. In the heterogeneous stratification, when IGW propagate towards stronger stratification, the maximal flux Richardson number decreases with increasing wave energy, reaches zero and then becomes negative. In other words, the vertical flux of potential temperature becomes counter-gradient. IGW also reduce anisotropy of turbulence and increase the share of TPE in the turbulent total energy. Depending on the direction (downward or upward), IGW either strengthen or weaken the total vertical flux of momentum. Predictions from the proposed model are consistent with available data from atmospheric and laboratory experiments, direct numerical simulations and large-eddy simulations.

  1. Non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices, algebraic Bethe ansatz, and Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-type integrable systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skrypnyk, T. [International School for Advanced Studies, via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste (Italy) and Bogoliubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna St. 14-b, Kiev 03143 (Ukraine)

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct quantum integrable systems associated with non-skew-symmetric gl(2)-valued classical r-matrices. We find a new explicit multiparametric family of such the non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices. We consider two classes of examples of the corresponding integrable systems, namely generalized Gaudin systems with and without an external magnetic field. In the case of arbitrary r-matrices diagonal in a standard gl(2)-basis, we calculate the spectrum of the corresponding quantum integrable systems using the algebraic Bethe ansatz. We apply these results to a construction of integrable fermionic models and obtain a wide class of integrable Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS)-type fermionic Hamiltonians containing the pairing and electrostatic interaction terms. We also consider special cases when the corresponding integrable Hamiltonians contain only pairing interaction term and are exact analogs of the 'reduced BCS Hamiltonian' of Richardson.

  2. INEEL Lead Recycling in a Moratorium Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kooda, K. E.; Galloway, K.; McCray, C. W.; Aitken, D. W.

    2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1999, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Lead Project successfully recycled over 700,000 pounds of excess INEEL lead to the private sector. On February 14, 2000, the Secretary of Energy, Bill Richardson, formalized the January 12, 2000, moratorium on recycling radioactive scrap metal that prevented the unrestricted release of recycled scrap metals to the private sector. This moratorium created significant problems for the INEEL lead recycling program and associated plans; however, through the cooperative efforts of the INEEL and Idaho State University as well as innovative planning and creative thinking the recycling issues were resolved. This collaboration has recycled over 160,000 pounds of excess lead to Idaho State University with a cost savings of over $.5M.

  3. INEEL Lead Recycling in a Moratorium Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kooda, Kevin Evan; Mc Cray, Casey William; Aitken, Darren William; Galloway, Kelly

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1999, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Lead Project successfully recycled over 700,000 pounds of excess INEEL lead to the private sector. On February 14, 2000, the Secretary of Energy, Bill Richardson, formalized the January 12, 2000, moratorium on recycling radioactive scrap metal that prevented the unrestricted release of recycled scrap metals to the private sector. This moratorium created significant problems for the INEEL lead recycling program and associated plans; however, through the cooperative efforts of the INEEL and Idaho State University as well as innovative planning and creative thinking the recycling issues were resolved. This collaboration has recycled over 160,000 pounds of excess lead to Idaho State University with a cost savings of over $.5M.

  4. Herwig++ 2.0 beta release note.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gieseke, Stefan; Grellscheid, D; Ribon, Alberto; Richardson, P; Seymour, Michael H; Stephens, Phil; Webber, Bryan R

    ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 06 02 06 9v 1 8 F eb 2 00 6 Cavendish-HEP-06/05 CERN-PH-TH/2006-021 IFJPAN-IV-2006-2 IPPP/06/09 KA-TP-02-2006 February 2006 Herwig++ 2.0? Release Note S. Gieseke Institute fur Theoretische Physik, Karlsruhe E-mail: gieseke... @particle.uni-karlsruhe.de D. Grellscheid IPPP, Department of Physics, Durham University E-mail: david.grellscheid@durham.ac.uk A. Ribon PH Department, CERN E-mail: Alberto.Ribon@cern.ch P. Richardson IPPP, Department of Physics, Durham University E-mail: Peter...

  5. The history of NATO TNF policy: The role of studies, analysis and exercises conference proceedings. Volume 2: Papers and presentations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinne, R.L.

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference was organized to study and analyze the role of simulation, analysis, modeling, and exercises in the history of NATO policy. The premise was not that the results of past studies will apply to future policy, but rather that understanding what influenced the decision process -- and how -- would be of value. The structure of the conference was built around discussion panels. The panels were augmented by a series of papers and presentations focusing on particular TNF events, issues, studies, or exercises. The conference proceedings consist of three volumes. Volume 1 contains the conference introduction, agenda, biographical sketches of principal participants, and analytical summary of the presentations and panels. This volume contains a short introduction and the papers and presentations from the conference. Volume 3 contains selected papers by Brig. Gen. Robert C. Richardson III (Ret.). Individual papers in this volume were abstracted and indexed for the database.

  6. The history of NATO TNF policy: The role of studies, analysis and exercises conference proceedings. Volume 1, Introduction and summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinne, R.L. [ed.

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference was organized to study and analyze the role of simulation, analysis, modeling, and exercises in the history of NATO policy. The premise was not that the results of past studies will apply to future policy, but rather that understanding what influenced the decision process -- and how -- would be of value. The structure of the conference was built around discussion panels. The panels were augmented by a series of papers and presentations focusing on particular TNF events, issues, studies or exercise. The conference proceedings consist of three volumes. This volume, Volume 1, contains the conference introduction, agenda, biographical sketches of principal participants, and analytical summary of the presentations and discussion panels. Volume 2 contains a short introduction and the papers and presentations from the conference. Volume 3 contains selected papers by Brig. Gen. Robert C. Richardson III (Ret.).

  7. Step edge influence on barrier height and contact area in vertical heterojunctions between epitaxial graphene and n-type 4H-SiC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tadjer, M. J., E-mail: marko.tadjer.ctr@nrl.navy.mil; Nyakiti, L. O.; Robinson, Z. [American Society for Engineering Education, Washington, DC 20036 (United States); Anderson, T. J.; Myers-Ward, R. L.; Wheeler, V. D.; Eddy, C. R.; Gaskill, D. K.; Koehler, A. D.; Hobart, K. D.; Kub, F. J. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave, SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

    2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Vertical rectifying contacts of epitaxial graphene grown by Si sublimation on the Si-face of 4H-SiC epilayers were investigated. Forward bias preferential conduction through the step edges was correlated by linear current density normalization. This phenomenon was observed on samples with 2.75.8 monolayers of epitaxial graphene as determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A modified Richardson plot was implemented to extract the barrier height (0.81?eV at 290?K, 0.99?eV at 30?K) and the electrically dominant SiC step length of a Ti/Al contact overlapping a known region of approximately 0.52??m wide SiC terraces.

  8. Reconstructing the projected gravitational potential of Abell 1689 from X-ray measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchernin, Celine; Meyer, Sven; Sarli, Eleonora; Eckert, Dominique; Bartelmann, Matthias

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context. Galaxy clusters can be used as cosmological probes, but to this end, they need to be thoroughly understood. Combining all cluster observables in a consistent way will help us to understand their global properties and their internal structure. Aims. We provide proof of the concept that the projected gravitational potential of galaxy clusters can directly be reconstructed from X-ray observations. We also show that this joint analysis can be used to locally test the validity of the equilibrium assumptions in galaxy clusters. Methods. We used a newly developed reconstruction method, based on Richardson-Lucy deprojection, that allows reconstructing projected gravitational potentials of galaxy clusters directly from X-ray observations. We applied this algorithm to the well-studied cluster Abell 1689 and compared the gravitational potential reconstructed from X-ray observables to the potential obtained from gravitational lensing measurements. [...] Results. Assuming spherical symmetry and hydrostatic equili...

  9. Benchmark of the Convex C-1 mini supercomputer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, M.L.; Lubeck, OlM.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In July 1985, we benchmarked the Convex C-1 computer at the Convex plant in Richardson, Texas. The machine is marketed as a mini-supercomputer executing a UNIX operating system. The architecture includes vector functional units, 16-million 64-bit words of physical memory and 64 kbytes of set-associative cache between main memory and the CPU. The standard one-processor Los Alamos benchmarks were executed and timed in both single-precision (32-bit) and double-precision (64-bit) floating-point mode. Subsequent to the July benchmark, the machine architecture was changed to expand the cache bypass for vector memory accesses. The benchmarks were redone in October 1985 to include the significant architecture modification. The results in this paper are from the latest benchmark.

  10. Bayesian inference on mixture models and their applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Ilsung

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    (zij = 1)f(xi|zij = 1) = kX j=1 pijfj(xi|thetaj). Let xn = (x1,...,xn)latticetop and n ? k matrix zn = (z1,...,zn)latticetop, then, the complete likelihood function f(xn,zn) is L(xn,zn|psi) = nY i=1 kY j=1 {pijfj(xi|thetaj)}zij. (2.2) While the observed... (Dempster et al., 1977). The complete likelihood becomes f(theta; xn,un) = nY i=1 I(ui>0)2(2piomega p 1 -rho2)-1e- 12(1-rho2)(u2i -2rhoui(xi-xi)/omega+(xi-xi)2/omega2). We take a hierarchical structure of the priors following Richardson and Green (1997...

  11. Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI): On-Line Intelligent Self-Diagnostic Monitoring for Next Generation Nuclear Plants - Phase I Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. J. Bond; S. R. Doctor; R. W. Gilbert; D. B. Jarrell; F. L. Greitzer; R. J. Meador

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 This OSTI ID belongs to an IWO and is being released out of the system. The Program Manager Rebecca Richardson has confirmed that all reports have been received. The objective of this project is to design and demonstrate the operation of the real-time intelligent self-diagnostic and prognostic system for next generation nuclear power plant systems. This new self-diagnostic technology is titled, ''On-Line Intelligent Self-Diagnostic Monitoring System'' (SDMS). This project provides a proof-of-principle technology demonstration for SDMS on a pilot plant scale service water system, where a distributed array of sensors is integrated with active components and passive structures typical of next generation nuclear power reactor and plant systems. This project employs state-of-the-art sensors, instrumentation, and computer processing to improve the monitoring and assessment of the power reactor system and to provide diagnostic and automated prognostics capabilities.

  12. Turbulent Reconnection and Its Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazarian, Alex; Vishniac, Ethan T; Kowal, Grzegorz

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic reconnection is a process of magnetic field topology change, which is one of the most fundamental processes in magnetized plasmas. In most astrophysical environments the Reynolds numbers are large and therefore the transition to turbulence is inevitable. This turbulence must be taken into account for any theory of magnetic reconnection, since the initially laminar configurations can transit to the turbulence state, what is demonstrated by 3D high resolution numerical simulations. We discuss ideas of how turbulence can modify reconnection with the focus on the Lazarian & Vishniac (1999) reconnection model and present numerical evidence supporting the model and demonstrate that it is closely connected to the concept of Richardson diffusion and compatible with the Lagrangian dynamics of magnetized fluids. We point out that the Generalized Ohm's Law, that accounts for turbulent motion, predicts the subdominance of the microphysical plasma effects for a realistically turbulent media. We show that on o...

  13. Micro-meteoroid seismic uplift and regolith concentration on kilometric scale asteroids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Raphael F; Mimoun, David

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seismic shaking is an attractive mechanism to explain the destabilisation of regolith slopes and the regolith migration found on the surfaces of asteroids (Richardson et al. 2004; Miyamoto et al. 2007). Here, we use a continuum mechanics method to simulate the seismic wave propagation in an asteroid. Assuming that asteroids can be described by a cohesive core surrounded by a thin non-cohesive regolith layer, our numerical simulations of vibrations induced by micro-meteoroids suggest that the surface peak ground accelerations induced by micro-meteoroid impacts may have been previously under-estimated. Our lower bound estimate of vertical accelerations induced by seismic waves is about 50 times larger than previous estimates. It suggests that impact events triggering seismic activity are more frequent than previously assumed for asteroids in the kilometric and sub-kilometric size range. The regolith lofting is also estimated by a first order ballistic approximation. Vertical displacements are small, but lofting...

  14. 3D chaotic model for sub-grid turbulent dispersion in Large Eddy Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guglielmo Lacorata; Andrea Mazzino; Umberto Rizza

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a 3D multiscale kinematic velocity field as a model to simulate Lagrangian turbulent dispersion. The incompressible velocity field is a nonlinear deterministic function, periodic in space and time, that generates chaotic mixing of Lagrangian trajectories. Relative dispersion properties, e.g. the Richardson's law, are correctly reproduced under two basic conditions: 1) the velocity amplitudes of the spatial modes must be related to the corresponding wavelengths through the Kolmogorov scaling; 2) the problem of the lack of "sweeping effect" of the small eddies by the large eddies, common to kinematic simulations, has to be taken into account. We show that, as far as Lagrangian dispersion is concerned, our model can be successfully applied as additional sub-grid contribution for Large Eddy Simulations of the planetary boundary layer flow.

  15. Anomalous dimensions determine the power counting -- Wilsonian RG analysis of nuclear EFT --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koji Harada; Hirofumi Kubo

    2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Legendre flow equation, a version of exact Wilsonian renormalization group (WRG) equation, is employed to consider the power counting issues in Nuclear Effective Field Theory. A WRG approach is an ideal framework because it is nonperturbative and does not require any prescribed power counting rule. The power counting is determined systematically from the scaling dimensions of the operators at the nontrivial fixed point. The phase structure is emphasized and the inverse of the scattering length, which is identified as a relevant coupling, is shown to play a role of the order parameter. The relations to the work done by Birse, McGovern, and Richardson and to the Kaplan-Savage-Wise scheme are explained.

  16. Inertial-Range Reconnection in Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence and in the Solar Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lalescu, Cristian C; Eyink, Gregory L; Drivas, Theodore D; Vishniac, Ethan T; Lazarian, Alexander

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In situ spacecraft data on the solar wind show events identified as magnetic reconnection with outflows and apparent "`$X$-lines" $10^{3-4}$ times ion scales. To understand the role of turbulence at these scales, we make a case study of an inertial-range reconnection event in a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation. We observe stochastic wandering of field-lines in space, breakdown of standard magnetic flux-freezing due to Richardson dispersion, and a broadened reconnection zone containing many current sheets. The coarse-grain magnetic geometry is like large-scale reconnection in the solar wind, however, with a hyperbolic flux-tube or "$X$-line" extending over integral length-scales.

  17. Energy- and flux-budget (EFB) turbulence closure model for the stably stratified flows. Part I: Steady-state, homogeneous regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. S. Zilitinkevich; T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; I. Rogachevskii

    2007-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new turbulence closure model based on the budget equations for the key second moments: turbulent kinetic and potential energies: TKE and TPE (comprising the turbulent total energy: TTE = TKE + TPE) and vertical turbulent fluxes of momentum and buoyancy (proportional to potential temperature). Besides the concept of TTE, we take into account the non-gradient correction to the traditional buoyancy flux formulation. The proposed model grants the existence of turbulence at any gradient Richardson number, Ri. Instead of its critical value separating - as usually assumed - the turbulent and the laminar regimes, it reveals a transition interval, 0.11. Predictions from this model are consistent with available data from atmospheric and lab experiments, direct numerical simulation (DNS) and large-eddy simulation (LES).

  18. The Shell Model, the Renormalization Group and the Two-Body Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. K. Jennings

    2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The no-core shell model and the effective interaction $V_{{\\rm low} k}$ can both be derived using the Lee-Suzuki projection operator formalism. The main difference between the two is the choice of basis states that define the model space. The effective interaction $V_{{\\rm low} k}$ can also be derived using the renormalization group. That renormalization group derivation can be extended in a straight forward manner to also include the no-core shell model. In the nuclear matter limit the no-core shell model effective interaction in the two-body approximation reduces identically to $V_{{\\rm low} k}$. The same considerations apply to the Bloch-Horowitz version of the shell model and the renormalization group treatment of two-body scattering by Birse, McGovern and Richardson.

  19. Optical and Electrical Properties of Al/(p)Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} Schottky Junction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kachari, T. [Bongaigaon Polytechnic, Bongaigaog, Assam (India); Wary, G. [Department of Physics, Cotton College, Guwahati (India); Rahman, A. [Department of Physics, Gauhati University, Guwahati (India)

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin film Al/(p)Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} Schottky junctions were prepared by vacuum evaporation under pressure 10{sup -6} Torr. The p-type Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin films with acceptor concentration (3.36-7.33)x10{sup 16}/cm{sup 3} were obtained by evaporating 'In' along with Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} powder and then annealing the films at 453K for 5 hours. Different junction-parameters such as ideality factor, barrier height, effective Richardson's constant, short-circuit current, etc. were determined from I-V characteristics. The junctions exhibited rectifying I-V characteristics and also photovoltaic effect. Ideality factor was found to decrease with the increase of temperature. Proper doping, annealing, and hydrogenation are necessary to reduce the series resistance so as to achieve high carrier efficiency. More works are being carried out in this direction.

  20. Comparative Studies on Temperature Dependent I-V Characteristics of Al/(p)CdTe and Ni/(n)CdS Schottky Junctions and Their PV Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wary, G. [Department of Physics, Cotton College, Guwahati-781001 (India); Kachari, T.; Rahman, A. [Department of Physics, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014 (India)

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature dependent I-V characteristics of vacuum evaporated Al/(p)CdTe and Ni/(n)CdS Schottky junctions and their photovoltaic effects have been studied and compared. Different junction parameters such as ideality factors, barrier heights, Richardson's constant, short-circuit current density, fill factor, PV efficiency etc. were determined from their I-V characteristics. These parameters were found to change significantly on variation of temperature. The structures showed the change of PV effect. Efficiency found were 2.84% for Al/(p)CdTe and 4.44% for Ni hydro/(n)CdS. Polycrystalline nature, and continuous and ordered structure with bigger grain sizes of the CdS film shows more PV conversion efficiency in making Ni/(n)CdS junction as compare to Al/(p)CdTe junction. However these values were found to vary with doping concentration, and in hydrogen treated samples in both cases.

  1. In What Form is Lime Present in Portland Cement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Claude W.

    1910-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to obtain Si02.33a0, In his conclusions Hebuffat does not consider it of importance whether alit consists of pure Si02.3CaO or a crystalline compound of Si02.2CaO with 3a0 and an aluminate. He says the aluminate in Portland dement can not be Al 203.30a..., Erd- meyer, Nev/berry's, Zulkowski, Rebuff at, Meyers, Richardson, Michaelis and Meade d. Work of the Carbegie Institute of Washington on CaO #Si0 2 series and binary compounds of Al 23> Si0 2, MgO, CaO. On the presence of free lime in cement...

  2. Stability and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: A Comparison of Remote Sensing and Tower Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, K.; Lundquist, J. K.; Aitken, M.; Kalina, E. A.; Marshall, R. F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When monitoring winds and atmospheric stability for wind energy applications, remote sensing instruments present some advantages to in-situ instrumentation such as larger vertical extent, in some cases easy installation and maintenance, measurements of vertical humidity profiles throughout the boundary layer, and no restrictions on prevailing wind directions. In this study, we compare remote sensing devices, Windcube lidar and microwave radiometer, to meteorological in-situ tower measurements to demonstrate the accuracy of these measurements and to assess the utility of the remote sensing instruments in overcoming tower limitations. We compare temperature and wind observations, as well as calculations of Brunt-Vaisala frequency and Richardson numbers for the instrument deployment period in May-June 2011 at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory's National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado. The study reveals that a lidar and radiometer measure wind and temperature with the same accuracy as tower instruments, while also providing advantages for monitoring stability and turbulence. We demonstrate that the atmospheric stability is determined more accurately when the liquid-water mixing ratio derived from the vertical humidity profile is considered under moist-adiabatic conditions.

  3. AquaFuel: An example of the emerging new energies and the new methods for their scientific study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggero Maria Santilli

    1998-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we initiate studies of the emerging new forms of energy by using as a representative example the new combustible gas called AquaFuel, discovered and patented by William H. Richardson, jr., whose rights are now owned by Toups Technology Licensing, Inc. (TTL), of Largo, Florida. In essence, AquaFuel is a new energy converter capable of transforming Carbon and water into a new combustible gas via an electric discharge. We show that AquaFuel can be produced easily, safely and rapidly in large amounts, and exhibits greatly reduced emission pollutants as compared to fossil fuels of current use. Despite its simplicity, the chemical and physical characteristics of AquaFuel are largely unknown at this writing. We then review nine basic experimental measurements which are necessary for a scientific appraisal of AquaFuel. We outline the limitations of quantum mechanics and chemistry for the treatment of {\\it new} forms of energy, namely, energies which by definition should be {\\it beyond} said theories. We finally point out the availability of broader theories specifically constructed for the study of new energies and point out available applications.

  4. The 1983 Temperature Gradient and Heat Flow Drilling Project for the State of Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korosec, Michael A.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Summer of 1983, the Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources carried out a three-hole drilling program to collect temperature gradient and heat flow information near potential geothermal resource target areas. The project was part of the state-coupled US Department of Energy Geothermal Program. Richardson Well Drilling of Tacoma, Washington was subcontracted through the State to perform the work. The general locations of the project areas are shown in figure 1. The first hole, DNR 83-1, was located within the Green River valley northwest of Mount St. Helens. This site is near the Green River Soda Springs and along the projection of the Mount St. Helens--Elk Lake seismic zone. The other two holes were drilled near Mount Baker. Hole DNR 83-3 was sited about 1/4 km west of the Baker Hot Springs, 10.5 km east of Mount Baker, while hole DNR 83-5 was located along Rocky Creek in the Sulphur Creek Valley. The Rocky Creek hole is about 10 km south-southwest of the peak. Two other holes, DNR 83-2 and DNR 83-4, were located on the north side of the Sulphur Creek Valley. Both holes were abandoned at early stages of drilling because of deep overburden and severe caving problems. The sites were apparently located atop old landslide deposits.

  5. Entrainment of refrigerated air curtains down a wall

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, Brandon S.; Loth, Eric [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 104 South Wright Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refrigerated air curtains are used in open supermarket display cases as a barrier between the warm ambient air and the cold refrigerated air. Entrainment of ambient air into the curtain by shear layer mixing contributes to both the sensible and the latent heat load on the display case. To better understand the fluid dynamics which govern entrainment, velocity and temperature measurements of the curtains were made in a refrigerated display case, which was modified to allow a more fundamental flow. In particular, a vertical solid wall was installed to approximately represent a fully-stocked configuration. As such, negatively-buoyant wall jets (with high inflow turbulence) in the Reynolds number range of 4200-8000 and in the Richardson number range of 0.13-0.58 were examined. To define the air curtain vortex structures, flow visualization of the curtain interface was employed. The results of which showed that the entrainment of the ambient air was found to be governed by a variety of eddy engulfing structures. Particle Image Velocimetry was used to examine the velocity profiles of the air curtains in a non-intrusive manner, the measurements of which indicated negatively-buoyant acceleration following the jet exhaust, followed by a more linear curtain growth characteristic of isothermal wall jets. In addition, thermocouples were used to obtain the net increase in temperature of the curtain due to entrainment, where it was found that the dimensionless thermal energy loss decreased with decreasing Reynolds number.

  6. Characterization of sputter deposited thin film scandate cathodes for miniaturized thermionic converter applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zavadil, K.R.; Ruffner, J.H.; King, D.B. [Sandia National Laboratories, Materials Processing Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0340 (United States)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully developed a method for fabricating scandate-based thermionic emitters in thin film form. The primary goal of our effort is to develop thin film emitters that exhibit low work function, high intrinsic electron emissivity, minimum thermal activation properties and that can be readily incorporated into a microgap converter. Our approach has been to incorporate BaSrO into a Sc{sub 2}O{sub 3} matrix using rf sputtering to produce thin films. Diode testing has shown the resulting films to be electron emissive at temperatures as low as 900 K with current densities of 0.1 mA{center_dot}cm{sup {minus}2} at 1100 K and saturation voltages. We calculate an approximate maximum work function of 1.8 eV and an apparent emission constant (Richardson{close_quote}s constant, A{sup {asterisk}}) of 36 mA{center_dot}cm{sup {minus}2}{center_dot}K{sup {minus}2}. Film compositional and structural analysis shows that a significant surface and subsurface alkaline earth hydroxide phase can form and probably explains the limited utilization and stability of Ba and its surface complexes. The flexibility inherent in sputter deposition suggests alternate strategies for eliminating undesirable phases and optimizing thin film emitter properties. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  7. Characterization of Sputter Deposited Thin Film Scandate Cathodes for Miniaturized Thermionic Converter Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, D.B.; Ruffner, J.H.; Zavadil, K.R.

    1998-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully developed a method for fabricating scandate-based thermionic emitters in thin film form. The primary goal of our effort is to develop thin film emitters that exhibit low work fimction, high intrinsic electron emissivity, minimum thermal activation properties and that can be readily incorporated into a microgap converter. Our approach has been to incorporate BaSrO into a SqOq matrix using rf sputtering to produce thin films. Diode testing has shown the resulting films to be electron emissive at temperatures as low as 900 K with current densities of 0.1 mA.cm-2 at 1100 K and saturation voltages. We calculate an approximate maximum work function of 1.8 eV and an apparent emission constant (Richardson's constant, A*) of 36 mA.cm-2.K-2. Film compositional and structural analysis shows that a significant surface and subsurface alkaline earth hydroxide phase can form and probably explains the limited utilization and stability of Ba and its surface complexes. The flexibility inherent in sputter deposition suggests alternate strategies for eliminating undesirable phases and optimizing thin film emitter properties.

  8. Braid group representations and cold Fermi gases in the fast pairing regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryce Hotalen; Razvan Teodorescu

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    It is widely recognized that the main difficulty in designing devices which could process information using quantum states is due to the decoherence of local excitations about a ground state. A solution to this problem was suggested in \\cite{Kitaev}, relying on (non-local) topological excitations, structurally protected against local noise. However, a practical implementation of this proposal using special Landau levels in fractional quantum Hall effect systems (FQHE) \\cite{QHE} has proven elusive, while accessible FQHE states are theoretically not optimal because their representations in the Hilbert space of states are not dense. We propose using a different physical system (cold Fermi atoms), whose semiclassical dynamics is described by a hyperelliptic function in the Sklyanin formalism. The homological structure of the complex curve corresponds to representations of the braid group, with the action of Hecke operators leading to singularities detectable in the semiclassical oscillations. We argue that, for a fixed genus of the hyperelliptic curve, the Richardson-Gaudin pairing Hamiltonian problem is the singular limit $m \\to \\infty$ of level-$k$ $\\widehat{sl}(2)$, with $k+2 = \\frac{4}{8m+1}\\to 0$, so that the level $k$ is admissible in the sense of Kac and Kazhdan \\cite{KK}, but the corresponding Hecke algebra is a $q-$deformation of the symmetric group with fixed $q = e^{i\\pi/4}$, as $m \\to \\infty$.

  9. A thirty-two clock hour driver education classroom curriculum guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, William Lee

    2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A THIRTY-TWO CLOCK HOUR DRIVER EDUCATION CLASSROOM CURRICULUM GUIDE A R e c o r d o f St u d y by WILLIAM LEE RICHARDSON S u b m i t t e d t o t h e O f f i c e o f G r a d u a t e S t u d i e s o f Texas A&M U n i v e r s i t y i n p a r t i... a l f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t h e de g r e e o f DOCTOR OF EDUCATION December 1990 M a j o r S u b j e c t : I n d u s t r i a l E d u c a t i o n A THIRTY-TWO CLOCK HOUR DRIVER EDUCATION CLASSROOM...

  10. A single dimensionless variable for solar chimney power plant modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koonsrisuk, Atit; Chitsomboon, Tawit [School of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The solar chimney power plant is a relatively new technology for generating electricity from solar energy. In this paper dimensional analysis is used together with engineering intuition to combine eight primitive variables into only one dimensionless variable that establishes a dynamic similarity between a prototype and its scaled models. Three physical configurations of the plant were numerically tested for similarity: fully geometrically similar, partially geometrically similar, and dissimilar types. The values of the proposed dimensionless variable for all these cases were found to be nominally equal to unity. The value for the physical plant actually built and tested previously was also evaluated and found to be about the same as that of the numerical simulations, suggesting the validity of the proposition. The physical meaning of this dimensionless (similarity) variable is also interpreted; and the connection between the Richardson number and this new variable was found. It was found also that, for a fixed solar heat flux, different-sized models that are fully or partially geometrically similar share an equal excess temperature across the roof outlet. (author)

  11. A Method for Treating Discretization Error in Nondeterministic Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvin, K.F.

    1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A response surface methodology-based technique is presented for treating discretization error in non-deterministic analysis. The response surface, or metamodel, is estimated from computer experiments which vary both uncertain physical parameters and the fidelity of the computational mesh. The resultant metamodel is then used to propagate the variabilities in the continuous input parameters, while the mesh size is taken to zero, its asymptotic limit. With respect to mesh size, the metamodel is equivalent to Richardson extrapolation, in which solutions on coarser and finer meshes are used to estimate discretization error. The method is demonstrated on a one dimensional prismatic bar, in which uncertainty in the third vibration frequency is estimated by propagating variations in material modulus, density, and bar length. The results demonstrate the efficiency of the method for combining non-deterministic analysis with error estimation to obtain estimates of total simulation uncertainty. The results also show the relative sensitivity of failure estimates to solution bias errors in a reliability analysis, particularly when the physical variability of the system is low.

  12. Development of Crystal-Tolerant High-Level Waste Glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matyas, Josef; Vienna, John D.; Schaible, Micah J.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Arrigoni, Alyssa L.; Tate, Rachel M.

    2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty five glasses were formulated. They were batched from HLW AZ-101 simulant or raw chemicals and melted and tested with a series of tests to elucidate the effect of spinel-forming components (Ni, Fe, Cr, Mn, and Zn), Al, and noble metals (Rh2O3 and RuO2) on the accumulation rate of spinel crystals in the glass discharge riser of the high-level waste (HLW) melter. In addition, the processing properties of glasses, such as the viscosity and TL, were measured as a function of temperature and composition. Furthermore, the settling of spinel crystals in transparent low-viscosity fluids was studied at room temperature to access the shape factor and hindered settling coefficient of spinel crystals in the Stokes equation. The experimental results suggest that Ni is the most troublesome component of all the studied spinel-forming components producing settling layers of up to 10.5 mm in just 20 days in Ni-rich glasses if noble metals or a higher concentration of Fe was not introduced in the glass. The layer of this thickness can potentially plug the bottom of the riser, preventing glass from being discharged from the melter. The noble metals, Fe, and Al were the components that significantly slowed down or stopped the accumulation of spinel at the bottom. Particles of Rh2O3 and RuO2, hematite and nepheline, acted as nucleation sites significantly increasing the number of crystals and therefore decreasing the average crystal size. The settling rate of ?10-?m crystal size around the settling velocity of crystals was too low to produce thick layers. The experimental data for the thickness of settled layers in the glasses prepared from AZ-101 simulant were used to build a linear empirical model that can predict crystal accumulation in the riser of the melter as a function of concentration of spinel-forming components in glass. The developed model predicts the thicknesses of accumulated layers quite well, R2 = 0.985, and can be become an efficient tool for the formulation of the crystal-tolerant HLW glasses for higher waste loading. A physical modeling effort revealed that the Stokes and Richardson-Zaki equations can be used to adequately predict the accumulation rate of spinel crystals of different sizes and concentrations in the glass discharge riser of HLW melters. The determined shape factor for the glass beads was only 0.73% lower than the theoretical shape factor for a perfect sphere. The shape factor for the spinel crystals matched the theoretically predicted value to within 10% and was smaller than that of the beads, given the larger drag force caused by the larger surface area-to-volume ratio of the octahedral crystals. In the hindered settling experiments, both the glass bead and spinel suspensions were found to follow the predictions of the Richardson-Zaki equation with the exponent n = 3.6 and 2.9 for glass beads and spinel crystals, respectively.

  13. Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory 4th Quarter 2009 Milestone Report: Measure and simulate target temperature and dynamic response in optimized NDCX-I configurations with initial diagnostics suite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bieniosek, F.M.; Barnard, J.J.; Henestroza, E.; Logan, B.G.; Lidia, S.; More, R.M.; Ni, P.A.; Seidl, P.A.; Vay, J.-L.; Grote, D.; Friedman, A.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This milestone has been met. The effort contains two main components: (1) Experimental results of warm dense matter target experiments on optimized NDCX-I configurations that include measurements of target temperature and transient target behavior. (2) A theoretical model of the target response to beam heating that includes an equilibrium heating model of the target foil and a model for droplet formation in the target for comparison with experimental results. The experiments on ion-beam target heating use a 300-350-keV K{sup +} pulsed beam from the Neutralized Compression Drift Experiment (NDCX-I) accelerator at LBNL. The NDCX-I accelerator delivers an uncompressed pulse beam of several microseconds with a typical power density of >100 kW/cm{sup 2} over a final focus spot size of about 1 mm. An induction bunching module the NDCX-I compresses a portion of the beam pulse to reach a much higher power density over 2 nanoseconds. Under these conditions the free-standing foil targets are rapidly heated to temperatures to over 4000 K. We model the target thermal dynamics using the equation of heat conduction for the temperature T(x,t) as a function of time (t) and spatial dimension along the beam direction (x). The competing cooling processes release energy from the surface of the foil due to evaporation, radiation, and thermionic (Richardson) emission. A description of the experimental configuration of the target chamber and results from initial beam-target experiments are reported in our FY08 4th Quarter and FY09 2nd Quarter Milestone Reports. The WDM target diagnostics include a high-speed multichannel optical pyrometer, optical streak camera, VISAR, and high-speed gated cameras. The fast optical pyrometer is a unique and significant new diagnostic which provides valuable information on the temperature evolution of the heated target.

  14. THE EFFECTS OF IRRADIATION ON HOT JOVIAN ATMOSPHERES: HEAT REDISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY DISSIPATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perna, Rosalba [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Heng, Kevin [ETH Zuerich, Institute for Astronomy, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland); Pont, Frederic [College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL (United Kingdom)

    2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Hot Jupiters, due to the proximity to their parent stars, are subjected to a strong irradiating flux that governs their radiative and dynamical properties. We compute a suite of three-dimensional circulation models with dual-band radiative transfer, exploring a relevant range of irradiation temperatures, both with and without temperature inversions. We find that, for irradiation temperatures T{sub irr} {approx}< 2000 K, heat redistribution is very efficient, producing comparable dayside and nightside fluxes. For T{sub irr} Almost-Equal-To 2200-2400 K, the redistribution starts to break down, resulting in a high day-night flux contrast. Our simulations indicate that the efficiency of redistribution is primarily governed by the ratio of advective to radiative timescales. Models with temperature inversions display a higher day-night contrast due to the deposition of starlight at higher altitudes, but we find this opacity-driven effect to be secondary compared to the effects of irradiation. The hotspot offset from the substellar point is large when insolation is weak and redistribution is efficient, and decreases as redistribution breaks down. The atmospheric flow can be potentially subjected to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (as indicated by the Richardson number) only in the uppermost layers, with a depth that penetrates down to pressures of a few millibars at most. Shocks penetrate deeper, down to several bars in the hottest model. Ohmic dissipation generally occurs down to deeper levels than shock dissipation (to tens of bars), but the penetration depth varies with the atmospheric opacity. The total dissipated Ohmic power increases steeply with the strength of the irradiating flux and the dissipation depth recedes into the atmosphere, favoring radius inflation in the most irradiated objects. A survey of the existing data, as well as the inferences made from them, reveals that our results are broadly consistent with the observational trends.

  15. Double Macdonald polynomials as the stable limit of Macdonald superpolynomials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Blondeau-Fournier; L. Lapointe; P. Mathieu

    2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Macdonald superpolynomials provide a remarkably rich generalization of the usual Macdonald polynomials. The starting point of this work is the observation of a previously unnoticed stability property of the Macdonald superpolynomials when the fermionic sector m is sufficiently large: their decomposition in the monomial basis is then independent of m. These stable superpolynomials are readily mapped into bisymmetric polynomials, an operation that spoils the ring structure but drastically simplifies the associated vector space. Our main result is a factorization of the (stable) bisymmetric Macdonald polynomials, called double Macdonald polynomials and indexed by pairs of partitions, into a product of Macdonald polynomials (albeit subject to non-trivial plethystic transformations). As an off-shoot, we note that, after multiplication by a t-Vandermonde determinant, this provides explicit formulas for a large class of Macdonald polynomials with prescribed symmetry. The factorization of the double Macdonald polynomials leads immediately to the generalization of basically every elementary properties of the Macdonald polynomials to the double case (norm, kernel, duality, positivity, etc). When lifted back to superspace, this validates various previously formulated conjectures in the stable regime. The q,t-Kostka coefficients associated to the double Macdonald polynomials are shown to be q,t-analogs of the dimensions of the irreducible representations of the hyperoctahedral group B_n. Moreover, a Nabla operator on the double Macdonald polynomials is defined and its action on a certain bisymmetric Schur function can be interpreted as the Frobenius series of a bigraded module of dimension (2n+1)^n, a formula again characteristic of the Coxeter group of type B_n. Finally, as a side result, we obtain a simple identity involving products of four Littlewood-Richardson coefficients.

  16. Demetallization of asphaltenes: Thermal and catalytic effects with small-pore catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adarme, R. (Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)); Sughrue, E.L.; Johnson, M.M.; Kidd, D.R.; Phillips, M.D.; Shaw, J.E. (Phillips Petroleum Co., Bartlesville, OK (United States))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Residual oil hydrotreating has become an important front end process in commercial oil upgrading schemes because of tighter environmental regulations and a continuing trend toward processing heavier crudes. At Phillips Petroleum, residual oil hydrotreating pretreates feed for heavy oil cracking (HOC) by removing sulfur, a pollutant in the HOC stack gas, and metals such as nickel and vanadium, which adversely affect the cracking catalyst and gasoline yield in the HOC. Metals in residual oil are found almost exclusively in the resin and asphaltene fractions. Research has showed that metals in the resin fraction react more rapidly than metals in the asphaltene fraction. The hydrodemetallization (HDM) reaction is known to be diffusion limited and the larger molecular size of the asphaltene molecules may explain the slower reaction rates. Richardson and Alley and Asaoka, et al. have shown a reduction in asphaltene molecular weights with thermal and catalytic processing. Reynolds and Biggs demonstrated shifts in vanadium size distributions from thermally and catalytically treated residual. Recently Savage and Javanmaridian showed theoretically that reduction in molecular sizes external to catalyst pellets increases the reaction rate by as much as the inverse of the effectiveness factor. This work attempts to extend information on how metals are removed from asphaltenes and the interaction with small-pore catalysts generally found at the back end of residual oil hydrotreaters, where they are protected from deactivation by metal deposition. The small-pore catalysts are generally high in hydrodesulfurization (HDS) activity and generally restrict the large asphaltene molecules from entering their pores and depositing metals.

  17. Primordial power spectrum: a complete analysis with the WMAP nine-year data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazra, Dhiraj Kumar; Shafieloo, Arman [Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang, Gyeongbuk 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Souradeep, Tarun, E-mail: dhiraj@apctp.org, E-mail: arman@apctp.org, E-mail: tarun@iucaa.ernet.in [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have improved further the error sensitive Richardson-Lucy deconvolution algorithm making it applicable directly on the un-binned measured angular power spectrum of Cosmic Microwave Background observations to reconstruct the form of the primordial power spectrum. This improvement makes the application of the method significantly more straight forward by removing some intermediate stages of analysis allowing a reconstruction of the primordial spectrum with higher efficiency and precision and with lower computational expenses. Applying the modified algorithm we fit the WMAP 9 year data using the optimized reconstructed form of the primordial spectrum with more than 300 improvement in ?{sup 2}{sub eff} with respect to the best fit power-law. This is clearly beyond the reach of other alternative approaches and reflects the efficiency of the proposed method in the reconstruction process and allow us to look for any possible feature in the primordial spectrum projected in the CMB data. Though the proposed method allow us to look at various possibilities for the form of the primordial spectrum, all having good fit to the data, proper error-analysis is needed to test for consistency of theoretical models since, along with possible physical artefacts, most of the features in the reconstructed spectrum might be arising from fitting noises in the CMB data. Reconstructed error-band for the form of the primordial spectrum using many realizations of the data, all bootstrapped and based on WMAP 9 year data, shows proper consistency of power-law form of the primordial spectrum with the WMAP 9 data at all wave numbers. Including WMAP polarization data in to the analysis have not improved much our results due to its low quality but we expect Planck data will allow us to make a full analysis on CMB observations on both temperature and polarization separately and in combination.

  18. Effects of fuel type and equivalence ratios on the flickering of triple flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sahu, K.B.; Kundu, A.; Ganguly, R.; Datta, A. [Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700098 (India)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study has been conducted in axisymmetric, co-flowing triple flames with different equivalence ratios of the inner and outer reactant streams (2<{phi}{sub in}<3 and 0{<=}{phi}{sub out}<0.7). Different fuel combinations, like propane/propane, propane/methane or methane/methane in the inner and outer streams respectively, have been used in the experiments. The structures of the triple flames have been compared for the different fuel combinations and equivalence ratios. The conditions under which triple flames exhibit oscillation have been identified. During the oscillation, the non-premixed flame and the outer lean premixed flame flicker strongly, while the inner rich premixed flame remains more or less stable. The flickering frequency has been evaluated through image processing and fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the average pixel intensity of the image frames. It is observed that, for all the fuel combinations, the frequency decreases with the increase in the outer equivalence ratio, while it is relatively invariant with the change in the inner equivalence ratio. However, an increase in the inner equivalence ratio affects the structure of the flame by increasing the heights of the inner premixed flame and non-premixed flame and also enlarges the yellow soot-laden zone at the tip of the inner flame. A scaling analysis of the oscillating flames has been performed based on the measured parameters, which show a variation of Strouhal number (St) with Richardson number (Ri) as St {proportional_to} Ri{sup 0.5}. The fuel type is found to have no influence on this correlation. (author)

  19. FAMeS: Fidelity of Analysis of Metagenomic Samples

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Metagenomics is a rapidly emerging field of research for studying microbial communities. To evaluate methods currently used to process metagenomic sequences, simulated datasets of varying complexity were constructed by combining sequencing reads randomly selected from 113 isolate genomes. These datasets were designed to model real metagenomes in terms of complexity and phylogenetic composition. Assembly, gene prediction and binning, employing methods commonly used for the analysis of metagenomic datasets at the DOE JGI, were performed. This site provides access to the simulated datasets, and aims to facilitate standardized benchmarking of tools for metagenomic analysis. FAMeS now hosts data coming from a comprehensive study of methodologies used to create OTUs from 16S rRNA targeted studies of microbial communities. Studies of phylogenetic markers at the molecular level have revealed a vast biodiversity of microorganisms living in the sea, land, and even within the human body. Microbial diversity studies of uncharacterized environments typically seek to estimate the richness and diversity of endemic microflora using a 16S rRNA gene sequencing approach. When most of the species in an environment are unknown and cannot be classified through a database search, researchers cluster 16S sequences into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) or phylotypes, thereby providing an estimate of population structure. Using real 16S sequence data, we have performed a critical analysis of OTU clustering methodologies to assess the potential variability in OTU quality. FAMeS provides the sequence data, taxonomic information, multiple sequence alignments, and distance matrices used and described in the core paper, as well as compiled results of more than 700 unique OTU methods. [The above was copied from the FAMeS home page at http://fames.jgi-psf.org/] The core paper behind FAMeS is: Konstantinos Mavromatis, Natalia Ivanova, Kerrie Barry, Harris Shapiro, Eugene Goltsman, Alice C McHardy, Isidore Rigoutsos, Asaf Salamov, Frank Korzeniewski, Miriam Land, Alla Lapidus, Igor Grigoriev, Paul Richardson, Philip Hugenholtz, Nikos C Kyrpides, Nature Methods 2007 Jun;4(6):495-500.

  20. Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI): Novel Concepts for Damage-Resistant Alloys in Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems - Technical Progress Report August 2000 - October 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 This ID belongs to an IWO and is being released out of the system. The Program manager Rebecca Richardson has confirmed that all reports have been received. The objective of the proposed research is to develop the scientific basis for a new class of radiation-resistant materials. Two approaches will be evaluated to develop damage resistant materials far superior to current stainless steels: (1) lattice perturbation to catalyze defect recombination within the early stages of cascade formation and defect migration and (2) controlled manipulation of the aggregate defect ensemble through the deliberate introduction of dynamic metastable microstructures. The intrinsic ability of the host matrix to resist displacement damage survival will be optimized in first concept. This approach (Task 1) explores baseline atomic displacement and recovery processes as affected by major and minor alloy constituents selected for the dual purpose of environmental cracking resistance as well as interactions with point defects. Inert oversized solutes known to improve corrosion behavior will be used to create vacancy/interstitial traps and promote defect recombination. Dynamic metastable microstructures tailored to resist damage accumulation will be investigated and optimized in the second concept (Task 2). Unique intermetallic second phases with inherent instabilities under irradiation will be used to create a dynamic microstructure resistant to radiation hardening, swelling and embrittlement. A key aspect of designing this dynamic microstructure will be to ensure the complex, radiation-induced changes do not promote environmental cracking. The underlying radiation materials science for these two approaches is being explored using charged particle irradiations. Radiation damage resistance will be established by isolating the effect of each approach on defect microstructure, grain boundary microchemistries and matrix hardening. The dose dependence of these radiation-induced material changes will be used to identify promising alloys and initial microstructure that effectively delay or eliminate detrimental microstructural and microchemical evolution. Environmental cracking response is being established on non-irradiated alloys with thermomechanical treatments to simulate radiation microstructures and by tests on proton-irradiated specimens. The ultimate goal for these alloys will be resistance to environmental cracking, swelling and embrittlement during the high radiation exposures (>150 dpa) planned for advanced reactors.

  1. TomoTherapy MLC verification using exit detector data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Quan; Westerly, David; Fang Zhenyu; Sheng, Ke; Chen Yu [TomoTherapy Inc., 1240 Deming Way, Madison, Wisconsin 53717 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Xinghua Cancer Hospital, Xinghua, Jiangsu 225700 (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); TomoTherapy Inc., 1240 Deming Way, Madison, Wisconsin 53717 (United States)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Treatment delivery verification (DV) is important in the field of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). While IMRT and image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), allow us to create more conformal plans and enables the use of tighter margins, an erroneously executed plan can have detrimental effects on the treatment outcome. The purpose of this study is to develop a DV technique to verify TomoTherapy's multileaf collimator (MLC) using the onboard mega-voltage CT detectors. Methods: The proposed DV method uses temporal changes in the MVCT detector signal to predict actual leaf open times delivered on the treatment machine. Penumbra and scattered radiation effects may produce confounding results when determining leaf open times from the raw detector data. To reduce the impact of the effects, an iterative, Richardson-Lucy (R-L) deconvolution algorithm is applied. Optical sensors installed on each MLC leaf are used to verify the accuracy of the DV technique. The robustness of the DV technique is examined by introducing different attenuation materials in the beam. Additionally, the DV technique has been used to investigate several clinical plans which failed to pass delivery quality assurance (DQA) and was successful in identifying MLC timing discrepancies as the root cause. Results: The leaf open time extracted from the exit detector showed good agreement with the optical sensors under a variety of conditions. Detector-measured leaf open times agreed with optical sensor data to within 0.2 ms, and 99% of the results agreed within 8.5 ms. These results changed little when attenuation was added in the beam. For the clinical plans failing DQA, the dose calculated from reconstructed leaf open times played an instrumental role in discovering the root-cause of the problem. Throughout the retrospective study, it is found that the reconstructed dose always agrees with measured doses to within 1%. Conclusions: The exit detectors in the TomoTherapy treatment systems can provide valuable information about MLC behavior during delivery. A technique to estimate the TomoTherapy binary MLC leaf open time from exit detector signals is described. This technique is shown to be both robust and accurate for delivery verification.

  2. A Flow-Channel Analysis for the Mars Hopper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. Spencer Cooley

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mars Hopper is an exploratory vehicle designed to fly on Mars using carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere as a rocket propellant. The propellent gasses are thermally heated while traversing a radioisotope ther- mal rocket (RTR) engines core. This core is comprised of a radioisotope surrounded by a heat capacitive material interspersed with tubes for the propellant to travel through. These tubes, or flow channels, can be manu- factured in various cross-sectional shapes such as a special four-point star or the traditional circle. Analytical heat transfer and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) anal- yses were performed using flow channels with either a circle or a star cross- sectional shape. The nominal total inlet pressure was specified at 2,805,000 Pa; and the outlet pressure was set to 2,785,000 Pa. The CO2 inlet tem- perature was 300 K; and the channel wall was 1200 K. The steady-state CFD simulations computed the smooth-walled star shapes outlet temper- ature to be 959 K on the finest mesh. The smooth-walled circles outlet temperature was 902 K. A circle with a surface roughness specification at 0.01 mm gave 946 K and at 0.1 mm yielded 989 K. The The effects of a slightly varied inlet pressure were also examined. The analytical calculations were based on the mass flow rates computed in the CFD simulations and provided significantly higher outlet temperature results while displaying the same comparison trends. Research relating to the flow channel heat transfer studies was also done. Mathematical methods to geometrically match the cross-sectional areas of the circle and star, along with a square and equilateral triangle, were derived. A Wolfram Mathematica 8 module was programmed to analyze CFD results using Richardson Extrapolation and calculate the grid convergence index (GCI). A Mathematica notebook, also composed, computes and graphs the bulk mean temperature along a flow channels length while the user dynam- ically provides the input variables, allowing their effects on the temperature to be more easily observed.

  3. An experimental investigation of the dynamics of submarine leveed channel initiation as sediment-laden density currents experience sudden unconfinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hilley, George E [STANFORD UNIV; Fildani, Andrea [CHEVRON ETC

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leveed submarine channels play a critical role in the transfer of sediment from the upper continental slopes to interslope basins and ultimately deepwater settings. Despite a reasonable understanding of how these channels grow once established, how such channels initiate on previously unchannelized portions of the seafloor remains poorly understood. We conducted a series of experiments that elucidate the influence of excess density relative to flow velocity on the dynamics of, and depositional morphologies arising from, density currents undergoing sudden unconfinement across a sloped bed. Experimental currents transported only suspended sediment across a non-erodible substrate. Under flow conditions ranging from supercritical to subcritical (bulk Richardson numbers of 0.02 to 1.2) our experiments failed to produce deposits resembling or exhibiting the potential to evolve into self-formed leveed channels. In the absence of excess density, a submerged sediment-laden flow produced sharp crested lateral deposits bounding the margins of the flow for approximately a distance of two outlet widths down basin. These lateral deposits terminated in a centerline deposit that greatly exceeded marginal deposits in thickness. As excess density increased relative to the outlet velocity, the rate of lateral spreading of the flow increased relative to the downstream propagation of the density current, transitioning from a narrow flow aligned with the channel outlet to a broad radially expanding flow. Coincident with these changes in flow dynamics, the bounding lateral deposits extended for shorter distances, had lower, more poorly defined crests that were increasingly wider in separation than the initial outlet, and progressively became more oblong rather than linear. Based on our results, we conclude that leveed channels cannot initiate from sediment-laden density currents under strictly depositional conditions. Partial confinement of these currents appears to be necessary to establish the hydrodynamic conditions needed for sediment deposition along the margins of a density current which ultimately may evolve into confining levees. We suggest that erosion into a previously unchannelized substrate is the mostly likely source of this partial confinement.

  4. OPSAID Initial Design and Testing Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurd, Steven A.; Stamp, Jason Edwin [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Chavez, Adrian R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Process Control System (PCS) security is critical to our national security. Yet, there are a number of technological, economic, and educational impediments to PCS owners implementing effective security on their systems. OPSAID (Open PCS Security Architecture for Interoperable Design), a project sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Reliability, aims to address this issue through developing and testing an open source architecture for PCS security. Sandia National Laboratories, along with a team of PCS vendors and owners, have developed and tested this PCS security architecture. This report describes their progress to date.2 AcknowledgementsThe authors acknowledge and thank their colleagues for their assistance with the OPSAID project.Sandia National Laboratories: Alex Berry, Charles Perine, Regis Cassidy, Bryan Richardson, Laurence PhillipsTeumim Technical, LLC: Dave TeumimIn addition, the authors are greatly indebted to the invaluable help of the members of the OPSAID Core Team. Their assistance has been critical to the success and industry acceptance of the OPSAID project.Schweitzer Engineering Laboratory: Rhett Smith, Ryan Bradetich, Dennis GammelTelTone: Ori Artman Entergy: Dave Norton, Leonard Chamberlin, Mark AllenThe authors would like to acknowledge that the work that produced the results presented in this paper was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy/Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE/OE) as part of the National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) Program. Executive SummaryProcess control systems (PCS) are very important for critical infrastructure and manufacturing operations, yet cyber security technology in PCS is generally poor. The OPSAID (Open PCS (Process Control System) Security Architecture for Interoperable Design) program is intended to address these security shortcomings by accelerating the availability and deployment of comprehensive security technology for PCS, both for existing PCS and inherently secure PCS in the future. All activities are closely linked to industry outreach and advisory efforts.Generally speaking, the OPSAID project is focused on providing comprehensive security functionality to PCS that communicate using IP. This is done through creating an interoperable PCS security architecture and developing a reference implementation, which is tested extensively for performance and reliability.This report first provides background on the PCS security problem and OPSAID, followed by goals and objectives of the project. The report also includes an overview of the results, including the OPSAID architecture and testing activities, along with results from industry outreach activities. Conclusion and recommendation sections follow. Finally, a series of appendices provide more detailed information regarding architecture and testing activities.Summarizing the project results, the OPSAID architecture was defined, which includes modular security functionality and corresponding component modules. The reference implementation, which includes the collection of component modules, was tested extensively and proved to provide more than acceptable performance in a variety of test scenarios. The primary challenge in implementation and testing was correcting initial configuration errors.OPSAID industry outreach efforts were very successful. A small group of industry partners were extensively involved in both the design and testing of OPSAID. Conference presentations resulted in creating a larger group of potential industry partners.Based upon experience implementing and testing OPSAID, as well as through collecting industry feedback, the OPSAID project has done well and is well received. Recommendations for future work include further development of advanced functionality, refinement of interoperability guidance, additional laboratory and field testing, and industry outreach that includes PCS owner education. 4 5 --This page intentionally left blank --

  5. Nuclear waste repository transparency technology test bed demonstrations at WIPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BETSILL,J. DAVID; ELKINS,NED Z.; WU,CHUAN-FU; MEWHINNEY,JAMES D.; AAMODT,PAUL

    2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Secretary of Energy, Bill Richardson, has stated that one of the nuclear waste legacy issues is ``The challenge of managing the fuel cycle's back end and assuring the safe use of nuclear power.'' Waste management (i.e., the back end) is a domestic and international issue that must be addressed. A key tool in gaining acceptance of nuclear waste repository technologies is transparency. Transparency provides information to outside parties for independent assessment of safety, security, and legitimate use of materials. Transparency is a combination of technologies and processes that apply to all elements of the development, operation, and closure of a repository system. A test bed for nuclear repository transparency technologies has been proposed to develop a broad-based set of concepts and strategies for transparency monitoring of nuclear materials at the back end of the fuel/weapons cycle. WIPP is the world's first complete geologic repository system for nuclear materials at the back end of the cycle. While it is understood that WIPP does not currently require this type of transparency, this repository has been proposed as realistic demonstration site to generate and test ideas, methods, and technologies about what transparency may entail at the back end of the nuclear materials cycle, and which could be applicable to other international repository developments. An integrated set of transparency demonstrations was developed and deployed during the summer, and fall of 1999 as a proof-of-concept of the repository transparency technology concept. These demonstrations also provided valuable experience and insight into the implementation of future transparency technology development and application. These demonstrations included: Container Monitoring Rocky Flats to WIPP; Underground Container Monitoring; Real-Time Radiation and Environmental Monitoring; Integrated level of confidence in the system and information provided. As the world's only operating deep geologic repository, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) offers a unique opportunity to serve as an international cooperative test bed for developing and demonstrating technologies and processes in a fully operational repository system setting. To address the substantial national security implications for the US resulting from the lack of integrated, transparent management and disposition of nuclear materials at the back-end of the nuclear fuel and weapons cycles, it is proposed that WIPP be used as a test bed to develop and demonstrate technologies that will enable the transparent and proliferation-resistant geologic isolation of nuclear materials. The objectives of this initiative are to: (1) enhance public confidence in safe, secure geologic isolation of nuclear materials; (2) develop, test, and demonstrate transparency measures and technologies for the back-end of nuclear fuel cycle; and (3) foster international collaborations leading to workable, effective, globally-accepted standards for the transparent monitoring of geological repositories for nuclear materials. Test-bed activities include: development and testing of monitoring measures and technologies; international demonstration experiments; transparency workshops; visiting scientist exchanges; and educational outreach. These activities are proposed to be managed by the Department of Energy/Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO) as part of The Center for Applied Repository and Underground Studies (CARUS).

  6. An advanced thermionic theory for development of high performance thermionic energy conversion diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, A.C.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for improving the performance of thermionic energy conversion diodes have been studied and successfully applied. However, puzzling anomalies and inaccurate predictions have impeded the development of high performance thermionic energy converters. An inconsistency was recently found in the conventional approach for predicting net thermionic currents in energy conversion diodes; the observed inconsistency may be a primary source of predictive inaccuracies. The conventional method for predicting net currents in vacuum energy conversion diodes can be expressed by J = J{sub E} {minus} J{sub C} . Here J is the net currently density, and J{sub E} and J{sub C} are the emitter and collector emission current densities, respectively. The parameters J{sub E} and J{sub C} are obtained using the basic form of the Richardson-Dushman equation. This review found that the conventional method can conflict with the second law of thermodynamics for some operational conditions. The conflict was traced to an inconsistency in the treatment of electron reflection at the electrode surface. Quantum symmetry rules require that surfaces reflecting internal electrons (from within the electrode) must also reflect external electrons (from the opposite electrode). However, the standard method accounts only for internal electron reflection. The error caused by this inconsistency can be important because significant electron reflection has been reported for electrode materials in the energy range important for thermionic energy conversion. A simple derivation has yielded a revised formulation that properly accounts for electron reflection. The revised equation is given by, J = {tau}(J{sub E} {minus} {Gamma}J{sub C}). Several alternative formulations have been developed to compute the values of {tau} and {Gamma}. The parameters {tau} and {Gamma} can be computed using average reflection (or transmission) parameters for both electrodes, or the parameters can be computed using the energy and angle dependent scattering kernels for both electrodes. Operating temperatures and voltages are also used in the computation of {tau} and {Gamma}. The revised formulations show that even a cold collector can significantly impact net current, and when reflection is absent for both electrodes, the revised equation reduces to the original equation. Predictions using the revised equation were compared to predictions using the conventional approach and to predictions using an alternative (incorrect) method. For the alternative method, all reflection effects are included as an adjustment to the work function. The results of this comparison suggest that large errors are possible when the revised equations are not used. Discrepancies due to improper treatment of reflection are most likely to be observed when reflection effects are large and comparisons with measurements are made for conditions basically different from those used to fit equation parameters. In conclusion, conventional methods for predicting net thermionic current densities do not correctly account for electron reflection. The improper treatment of reflection may cause significant predictive errors. A revised formulation has been developed for vacuum energy conversion diodes to properly account for electron reflection. Future plans include validation experiments, an extension of the theory to include other types of diodes, and investigations of reflection mechanisms.